Citation
Hamziyya

Material Information

Title:
Hamziyya (MS 53823 and MS 380931)
Series Title:
Hichens Collection
Added title page title:
Hamziyah (MS 53823a)
Creator:
Būṣīrī, Sharaf al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Saʻīd, 1213?-1296?
Athman bin Al-Kadhi ( contributor )
،البوصيري، شرف الدين محمد بن سعيد 1213?-1296? ( contributor )
Sayyid Idarus bin Athman ( contributor )
Al-Hinawy, Mbarak, Sheikh-Sir, 1896-1959 ( contributor )
Muhammad Kijumwa
Al-Hinawy, Mbarak, Sheikh-Sir, 1896-1959
Publication Date:
Language:
Swahili
Materials:
Paper
Measurements:
H22.6 x W16

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Islam ( LCSH )
Swahili poetry ( LCSH )
Religious beliefs
Kijuma, Muhammad ( LCNA )
Kiswahili mashairi
Uislamu
Imani za kidini
Faith ( LCSH )
Genre:
Poem
Poetry ( LCTGM )
Spatial Coverage:
Africa -- Tanzania -- Manyara -- Siu
Africa -- Kenya -- Lamu -- Pate -- Pate Island
Africa -- Somalia -- Bajuni Islands
Coordinates:
-4.26667 x 35.01667
-2.13753 x 40.99714

Notes

Abstract:
This manuscript contains a very old copy of the famous religious poem, given to Hichens by Muhammad Kijumwa. The Swahili translation of the poem date 1792 AD (1207 AH) and was done by Sayyid Idarus bin Athman,. The Hamziyya, as it is known among the Swahili, is written in Arabic and Swahili and it is an ode in praise of the Prophet Muhammed. The first line of each verse is in Arabic and the second line is the Swahili translation of the first line. The Arabic part of the poem in known as 'Ummul-Kura' and was written by Sheikh Muhammad bin Said, known as Albusiry, a prominent Egyptian poet. The name Hamziyya, which refers to the poem that combines the Arabic and Swahili lines, originated from the fact that in Arabic prosody every poem rhyming in 'Hamza' is called Hamziyya. However, this is not a concern for the Swahili community who knows the poem as Hamziyya per se, without any reference to the rhyming pattern. The main linguistic characteristic of the poem is that it is written in Kingov(z)i, archaic Swahili, and the translation from Arabic to Swahili is very literal. A typical stanza contains 30 mizani (syllabic measure) in each baiti. The number of syllables in each line varies between 14 and 15. The poem used to be recited by professional singers from Pate, Siu, and Bajuni. They learned the poem by heart and performed it in coastal towns.
General Note:
Incipit: Nanza kwa jinale Bismillahi lenye adhama Na rrahmani Muwawazi na rrahima
General Note:
Mistari ya kwanza ya hati: Nanza kwa jinale Bismillahi lenye adhama Na rrahmani Muwawazi na rrahima
General Note:
Scribe: Athman bin Al-Kadhi
General Note:
Būṣīrī, Sharaf al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Saʻīd, 1213?-1296? = Abū 'Abdallāh Muhammad ibn Sa'īd ul-Būsīrī Ash Shadhili, 1211–1294 = Sheikh Muhammad bin Said al-Busiry
General Note:
Relevant dialect: Kingozi
General Note:
See also SOAS manuscript See MS 53827
General Note:
Relevant Publications: Knappert, J. 1979. Four Centuries of Swahili Verses. Heinemann, London, pp. 103-108. Wa Mutiso, Kineene. 2001. AAP 68-Swahili Forum VIII, pp. 81-115. Forthcoming, Wa Mutiso Kineene, 2002. AAP 69-Swahili Forum IX
General Note:
Original pages partly damaged
General Note:
Biographical history: Sheikh Muhammad bin Said al-Busiry is the author of the Arabic version. He was a prominent Egyptian writer and poet. Sayyid Idarus bin Athman is the author of the Swahili translation. He was a prominent theologian of the Lamu Coast as well as a Swahili and Arabic scholar.
General Note:
Al-Hinawy, Mbarak, Sheikh-Sir, 1896-1959 = Mbarak Ali Hinawy
General Note:
Kijuma, Muhammad = Muhammad Kijumwa
General Note:
Composition dates from circa 1652 A.D. (Gregorian calendar) = circa 1062 A.H. (Hijri calendar)
General Note:
Handwritten manuscript
General Note:
Manuscript dates from circa 1652 A.D. (Gregorian calendar) = circa 1062 A.H. (Hijri calendar)
General Note:
Purchased from Kegan Paul, 26 November 1948
General Note:
The poem called Hamziyya, in Arabic script
General Note:
1 small red bound book
General Note:
Swahili text inscribed in Arabic script
Funding:
Digitised for Swahili Studies at the Centre for the Study of Manuscript Cultures at the Universität Hamburg, with funds from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (the German Research Foundation).
Funding:
The 'Objects of instruction : the treasures of SOAS' exhibition was funded through a generous gift from the Foyle Foundation and with the support of the Arts & Humanities Research Council.
Citation/Reference:
Cited in: Objects of instruction : treasures of the School of Oriental and African Studies, Anna Contadini, Editor. London : SOAS, University of London, 2007. Listed as item number: 91.
General Note:
Curators of the Objects of instruction exhibition give the date (in error?) as 1792
Donation:
W.M. Hichens collection.
General Note:
VIAF (name authority) : Būṣīrī, Sharaf al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Saʻīd, 1213?-1296? : URI http://viaf.org/viaf/90042754
General Note:
VIAF (name authority) : Al-Hinawy, Mbarak, Sheikh-Sir, 1896-1959 : URI http://viaf.org/viaf/305366593
General Note:
Exhibition Notes: Mbarak Ali Hinawy, Arab Assistant to the District Commissioner in Mombasa, described the Hamziyya as a 456-verse poem rhyming in the Arabic letter hamza in praise of the Prophet Muhammad, written by the Egyptian poet Muḥammad ibn Sa'īd Al-Būṣīrī (608-698 AH/1212-96 CE). It was translated into Swahili (rhyming in mīm) by Aidarus bin Athman Al-Sheikh Ali in 1162 AH (1749 CE). In 1936 many Swahili families still owned manuscripts of the translation but few could understand its archaic language. The poem relates the Prophet’s life from his birth to his visit to Medina (verses 281-325), followed by praises for him, his family and Companions (verses 326-389), and the Prophet’s repentance for his shortcomings (verse 390). It concludes with prayers invoking mercy for the Prophet (Text by Tania Tribe, from the exhibition catalogue: Objects of instruction : treasures of the School of Oriental and African Studies, Anna Contadini, Editor. London : SOAS, University of London, 2007.)

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS, University of London
Holding Location:
Archives and Special Collections
Rights Management:
Archives and Special Collections
Resource Identifier:
MS 53823 ( soas manuscript number )
MS 380931 ( soas manuscript number )

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