Citation
Proverbs, fables, similes and sayings of the Bamongo

Material Information

Title:
Proverbs, fables, similes and sayings of the Bamongo Translated and explained, giving the nearest equivalent in English
Abbreviated Title:
Proverbs and similes of the Bamongo
Creator:
Ruskin, E. A. (Edward Algernon), 1871-1943 ( Author, Primary )
Place of Publication:
Bongandanga
Publisher:
[s.n.]
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
1897
Language:
Bantu (other)
Mongo-Nkundu

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Proverbs, Bantu
Mongo-Nkundu language -- Texts
Temporal Coverage:
- 1897
Spatial Coverage:
Africa -- Congo (Kinshasa) -- Mongala -- Bongandanga
Coordinates:
1.51 x 21.05

Notes

General Note:
VIAF (name authority) : Ruskin, E. A. (Edward Algernon), 1871-1943 : URI http://viaf.org/viaf/49591943/

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS University of London
Holding Location:
SOAS, University of London
Rights Management:
This item is licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution, Non-Commercial License. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this work non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms.
Resource Identifier:
25053963 ( OCLC )

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Full Text




INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF
FRIOAN LANGUAGES' 4 CULTURES.

/r

O ,J
V Mjerv^o N kuAA^io l\






Proverbs, Fables,
Similes and Sayings

OF THE

BAMONGO.

TRANSLATED AND EXPLAINED,
Giving the nearest equivalent in English.

A. E. RUSKIN.

Bongandanga,

July, 1897.




Banoju ntiak elo.

Analysis Banoju........ Children (boys).

nta.......... not.

(l)iaka ..... knoweth

elo..........sorrow, suffering, etc., etc.

Equivalent. The inexperienced cannot truly sympathise
with sufferers, etc.

Boloi yoko bo fo ten otai.

Anal.Boloi.......... Company, crowd, etc.

? yoko ....... either yoko or oko ? ?

bo............ it, or they.

fo............ not.

tena.......... cut, divide.

botai......... net (a)

Equiv.Clannism, confederacy, cliquish, etc.

Ba ki amato bau coa baende.

Ba
ki
bamato...,
bau
coa
baende ...

Equiv.They who were weak have become strong.

A contemptuous saying of scoffers, who are angry because
women and children are considered and helped by the mis-
sionaries.


4

Bonoju a tanga bofaiya okise
nkokwala.

Anal.Bonoju..... boy-child.

a .........he.

bofaiya.... stranger, visitor.

oki........ of, etc.

ise........ father.

nko ....... only.

bokwala .... a slave.

A boys contempt for his fathers visitor, whom he con-
siders to be equal to a slave.

Ifulu nta fondaka ndajiko au
fondaka ndasi.

Anal.Ifulu.......... Bird (a).

nta ......... not.

fondaka .... decay, putrefying, etc.
ndajiko .... above,
au........... it.

fondaka .... decay, putrefying, etc.
ndasi ....... below.

A Simile*--Vie will come back to his home to where he
fares best, etc.

Ifulu nta kilaka ikeli a tene
elele.

Anal.Ifulu........... Bird (a).

nta .......... not.

kilaka ........ abstain from.

ikeli......... a small stream, or rivulet.

a ............ it.

tafo ......... not.

(l)ena ....... see.

elele......... a hole in a hollow tree, containing

water.

The bird will not leave the stream until it has found
water in a more secluded spot.

A Simile. A wise man who is in a hard and poor situa-
tion will not leave it unless he has found a better one.


5

Bauta bomende nta coaka
1osumo.

Anal.Bauta ....... Fat.

ba.......... of.

bomende .... antelope (a species of).

nta ........ not.

coaka ...... go=goeth.

la ......... by.

bosumo .... praise, flattery.

Equiv.The price of this article is more than flattery.
(Or) Flattery will not secure for us this coveted

article.

Lankesa o taf ena nkola.

Anal.Lankesa .. Early morning.

o ......... you.

tafo ...... not.

(l)ena .... see

nkdla ..... nails (finger).

Equiv.Before sunrise. Before you have seen your
finger nails.

O cik elaka tofele.

Don't forget.

Au tenya botema mo.

Anal.Au............. He.

tenya........cuts, divides.

botema....... Stomach, seat of the affections.

inner man, etc.

mo .......... (an exclamation, an interjection

of surprise).

Equiv. To part with a thing reluctantly.


6

O kama nkele ngole ekucu lai?

Anal.O ............ You.

kama ........ full, pressed, etc., etc.

nkele........ anger, rage,

ngole........ like

ekucu ....... calabash.

A Simile.To be very angry, to be filled with anger or
rage like a calabash filled with water.

O n ambela wela.

To betray, backbite, etc.

Bofala wemi o singotai.

Anal.Bofala ...... Antelope (an)

w'emi ...... it stands.

o .......... you.

singa....... make.

botai....... net (a),

Equiv.Offered opportunity neglected. Missed oppor-
tunity, etc.

To lenana ngoki wat efikere.

Anal.To........... We.

lena ..1 part, separate.

,, ana .. )' [reciprocal form].

ngoki ...... [which was] like.

watu........ canoe (a).

efikere..... a stump of a tree.

The canoe never again meets the stump of the tree from
which it was cut--they part for ever.

Equiv. Separation, part, never to meet again.


7

Bombolo bo fend auyi te.

Anal.Bombolo .... a small animal which lives in a
tree.

bo........... it.

fenda ....... cause to pass over.

bauyi ....... noise, cry, whine, etc.

bete......... trees.

The small animal makes its cry or whine to pass over
the trees, and can be heard a great way off during the dead
of the night.

Equiv.Great swelling words of brag are heard from
the braggart or vain person. Small and unimportant, but
plenty of noise.

Said toa braggart.

Bombito ntenaka dilenga
dikai.

Anal. Bombito_________ Snake (a certain species).

nta ........... not.

enaka .........seeth.

dilenga........ the white spot which is under its

neck.

dikai .........his.

The "bombito cannot see the white spot which is
under its own neck, but others can.

Equiv.We see not ourselves as others see us. We see
not our own badness, but other people do.

Said toa self-righteous person.


8

Nta limbaka o le nd etoko
bokwa.

Anal.Nta ........... not (neg.)

limbaka .... deceive (indefinite).

o ............ you.

le ........... are.

nda .......... at.

etoko ........ spring.

bokwa ........ salt.

The man who is making salt at the spring, and has
promised to give you some, will not be able to deceive you ;
for as he returns home he will have to pass your house.

Equiv." Be sure your sin will find you out. Be sure
your deception will be discovered.

Bokwa lokutu a tanelaka
mpela.

Anal. Bokwa...... Salt.

lokutu ..... tardiness, slow, etc.

a .......... he.

tanelaka .... finds, sees,
mpela ...... wet season.

The salt can only be got when the river is low.

A procrastinator puts off cutting until the floods come
and cover it. (W. J.S.)

Ikeji nta tefilaka isungu nto
kwela.

Anal. Ikeji...... a small stream.

nta ........ not.

tefilaka.... moves, splash, etc.

isungu...... stick.

nto ........not.

kwela ...... fallen in.

Equiv.There must be a cause.


9

O yo unde liko, o yo ofwa, nta
kwake.

o
yo
unde
liko
o
vo
ofwa
nta
kwake .. . ... falls.

He who climbs a tree cautiously falls not.
Equiv. Look before you leap

Nkumbu eki fafa, o mpime
mpau lela; bofambe nta
tongaka ilombe nda din=
gongo.

Anal.Nkumbu ....

eki.........

fafa .......

o ..........

m ..........

(p)ime......

mpau .......

lela .......

bofambe ....

nta ........

tongaka ____

ilombe......

nda ........

dingongo ....

Saving, etc.

of/

father.

you.

me.

deny, refuse to give.

shall not.

cry.

food.

not.

builds.

house.

in.

throat.

Equiv.The day is coming when you may need food.

Said toa selfish person who has refused to help one in
need.


10

Nyama yengongo ewelo emoko.

Anal.Nyama....... Animals.

ya.......... of.

'engongo .. .. ? (a species).

ewelo ......either ewelo or iwelo ?

emoko....... one.

Equiv.---Death is no respecter of persons.

Nkema yo la besele.

Anal.Nkema........ Monkeys.

yo.......... -- they-to.

la.......... eat.

besele ..... fruit (a certain kind).

Monkeys only eat ' besele when they are tired and
weary (while the sun is hot).

Eqviv. Worn out, weary with work, tired, exhausted,

etc.

Basi binol of umbo.

Anal.Basi ........ Water.

binola ...... to cause to come up out of water,

raise.

bofumbo .... a fallen branch or tree, partly in
water.

The force of the current makes the fallen tree to move
upwards, to rise and fall in the river.

Simile of Confederacy.

Said of a witness (in discussing a palaver) who speaks in
favour of the accused (it being known that there is a mutual
understanding between them).


Mboka e fa wo coa wo ala jeva
lai?

Anal.Mboka.......... Road, path.

e ........... it.

fa .......... not.

we, o ....... you.

coa ......... to go.

we, o ....... you.

ala ......... to look in order to direct the mind

or attention, to consider, be-
hold.

jeva ........ Sun (the).

lai.......... why ?

Equiv. Pretension, hypocrisy.

Said to one who is pretentious, and one who feigns to be
what he is not.

Emwaweta nta alaki ifele.

Anal. Emwaweta .. A smiling, etc.

nta ....... not.

alaki...... looked.

ifele...... pit or trap for catching animals.

Equiv Not all who appear to be satisfied are happy.
Not all who seem to be in possession of wealth are really
possessors.

To loma oki jelo.

Anal.To..........We.

loma....... rest.

oki........ at, on.

jelo ......sand bank.

Night comes on, and we rest thinking that we have
reached land. But during the night a storm bursts upon us,
and then we discover that we are on a sand-bank.

Equiv.Resting in a false hope.


12

Ba ko liela wena, o tungama:
bosa wai ?

A mil. Ba......... They.

ko........... you.

liela........ shew, cause to appear, etc.

we........... you

(l)ena ...... to see.

o ........... you.

tungama .... to be bound.

bosa......... groaning, sighing, etc.

wai ......... why ?

They warned him, and now he is bound his groaning is
in vain.

Equiv. Sudden calamity overtakes the heedless, and
then their groaning and weeping will be in vain.

Wambene o ya yeka to ofela
ke botoma.

Anal.Wambo .... Continue to, etc.

(l)ena .... see.

ya......... come ?

yeka....... eat, be full ?

iifela-ke "S for8et not

botoma .... mastication of food with a dry-
ness of mouth, from eating
manioc only.

Equiv.Now is the day of plenty, but remember the
days of poverty are coming.

Said to the extravagant and selfish.


Yumba e coaki e lenya, lokuso
lo sila.

Anal.Yumba.........

e ...........

coaki........

e ...........

lenya .......

lokuso ......

lo ..........

sila ........

Thing (a),
it.

lost, disappeared,
it.

seen, appears,
seeking, search,
it.

finished, ended

There is no need to seek further for a thing which was
lost after it is found.

Eqtr'v.Satisfaction, Free from care and anxiety.

Bontu nta waka a lifelo ja
nyango au waka ek antu!

-Bontu ...
nta
waka
a
laifelo ...
ja
nyango
au . .. he,
waka . .. dies (dieth).
eka
bantu ... . .. people (indefinite).

A Simile.

Equiv.Safety, security, confidence, etc.


H

O kenza liswa o kudza bonkumo
lai?

Anal. O ..........

kenza ......

liswa.......

o ..........

kudza ......

bonkumo

lai.........

You.

give away, bestow, etc.

axe (an).

you.

listen (for), attend to.
report, sound, or echo of chop-
ping.

why ?

Equiv.-- A reproof to those who regret having given a
present.

Bolika au yaki la mpo!

Anal. Bolika ....... A stone of the palm nut

au............ he, it.

yaki.......... came.

la ........... by, with.

mpo........... rat.

The palm nut stones are collected and brought together
by rats.

Equiv. Contempt for a stranger or visitor whom they
consider has come for what he can get.

O kund ona nyang oka nkele.

Anal O ............ You.

kunda ....... strike, hit, etc.

bona......... child.

nyango....... mother (the).

loka......... feel.

nkele ....... anger, rage.

Equiv.Parental love. Sympathy


i5

Sake ntianaka!

Anal.Sake...... A sudden surprise.

nta ...... not.

(1) ianaka.... known.

Equiv.There is no warning before a surprise to prepare
us for it.

A reason why we should be prepared for a surprise :
because it gives no prev ous notice of its coming !

Mbula nko isangia nkalondo.

TJt.A sudden shower of rain, without warning.

Nta coaka mpau la wango oka
webi.

Nta . .. Not.
coaka ... . .. go to.
mpau .. .
la
wango .. .
oka
webi

Equiv. Independence.

Ta mpo ta! leka mpo leke! o
kela we na?

Anal.Ta............ Enter a net to be caught.

mpo............ not.

ta........... enter a net.

leka ........pass escape.

mpo.......... not.

leke ........ pass.

o ........... you.

kela......... do.

we .......... you.

na........... what ?

You will not jump into the net, and you will not pass or
escape ; then what will you do ?

Equiv.One who doesnt know his own mind. In-
decision. (A. K. R.) A (W. J. S )


To yake la mbile! to yake la
lotso! nje ekek e ya?

Anal.To yake
la ..
mbile
to vake
la .
lotso ..
n ....
je ya
ekeke
eya ..

Come not.
by (with),
day.

come not.
by (with),
night
1.

come.

season, time,
which, of what?

A rebuke to the churlv.

Bokakadza wa mpoinyi jeva jo
kia.

Anal Bokakadza .. Thought, etc.

wa.......of

mpoinyi .... a lazy person

jeva.. Sun.

jo ........ it.

kia. risen.

Equiv.Prov. xxii. 13.

A vain excuse of the slothful.

Nsusu nta ekaka betond efi.

Anal.Nsusu ..
nta

ekaka ..
betonda
befi ....

Fowl (cock).

not.

crows.

perches

two.

Equiv.A man is master of his own house, not of others.


i7

Mbus otsa lako loela bafeka nko
lolingo.

Anal.Mbusa......... Back of head.

botsa........ head.

lako ........ no, not.

loela........a calling.

bafeka....... behind.

nko ........... no, not.

lolingo...... noise of footsteps of those who

are following after, etc.

Equiv." Out of sight, out of mind. Absent and not
missed.

Ngola yafeka nto ise.

Anal.Ngola ........ Camwood, with which they paint

their bodies.

ya........... of.

bafeka....... behind, back.

nta ......... not.

o ........... you.

bisa ........ to rub.

A Simile of the secrecy of backbiters.

Lolango 1ona im ele nyango.

Lolango .. .. Love.
la
bona
ima
ele .. of.
nyango .. ..

Equiv.The source of (human) love is of the mother.


i8

Ise a ko Ianga nkiki nyango!

Anal,Ise.......... Father.

a .......... he.

ko..........you.

langa ......loves.

nkiki....... was, was=at.

nyango...... mother.

The father loves the child only while the mother remains
with him.

Bofaiya likoji eoto a Iako,

Anal.Bofaiya...... Stranger.

likoji...... contradict, argue.

eota........ relative, friend.

a .......... he.

le ......... is.

ako ........ there.

A Simile of suspicions aroused.

Cu mbile o lisa lisa to fo swela
yumba: o n seya eloko na?

A rebuke to those who are always seeking a quarrel, and
are ever causing strife, etc.

Bofambe nto koke fala ise kela
to la.

Anal.Bofambe .... Food.

nto ........ not.

koke..... sufficient, complete.

fala ....... wait.

ise......... father.

kela ...... then.

to ......... we.

la ......... eat.

Equiv.Hope, expectation, patience, etc.


*9

Boloja bololo we lana ba la,
o to n ko nci meka, nci boka
a jembo.

Lit : You eat manioc and say it is bitter, but why not
give me some and let me try it ; if bad I can throw it upon
the rubbish heap.

Equiv.Give me a chance !

(Baenga.)

Botema bo coa ndajiko la nsoi.

Anal.Botema........ Seat of the affections (inner man).

bo........... it

coa ......... go (goeth).

ndajiko .... up (above).

la .......... with.

nsoi ........ shame.

Equiv.To have shame.

Bolok otali ngole bomoto la
mpoke.

Anal.Boloko....... A chattering, jabber, idle talk.

botali ..... long, lengthy.

ngole....... like.

bomoto...... woman.

la.......... and.

mpoke....... pot.

His incessant chatter and idle talk are like a woman
attending to a boiling pot.

Equiv.The chatter and idle talk of a chatterbox is
incessant.

Ifoso yomoto, nongola, nongola.

Lit.The chatter of a woman is incessant.


20

N kweledza lifl we numba ngoki
wo n deledzak emi.

Anal.N ............ I.

ko........... you.

? (w)eledza .. measure (causative), etc.

lifi......... day after to-morrow, i.e., future,

indefinite time.

numba........ thing (the)

ngoki ....... like, which.

we, o......... you.

n ........... me.

?eledzaka .. measured (causative),
emi ........ me.

I will do unto you as you did unto me.
Equiv." Tit for tat. In return.

N ko kela we lifi joi ngoki wo n
kelak eu.

Anal.N ............ I.

ko........... you.

kela ........ do.

we........... you.

lifi......... day after tomorrow (i.e., future,

indefinite time).

joi.......... palaver, affair, episode, etc.

ngoki........ like, which.

we, o........ you.

n ........... me.

kelaka....... did (caused to be done to).

eu........... me.

1 will do unto you as you did unto me.

Equiv.Tit for tat.1' In return.


21

Nta kundaka ngambe 1anoju
likila limoko; nyango Io=
foso.

Anal.Nta .......... Not.

kundaka . . . bury,

ngambe .... elder (an).

bonoju.. child (boy).

likila.. grave-yard.

limoko......one.

nyango. on account of.

lofoso ...... talk, chatter, jabber, noise, voice,

etc., etc.

A Simile ofAn old mans contempt for children. He
does not wish to be buried in the same grave-vard as they.

Ngambe jumbu jino jilongo.

Simile ofSelfishness. To be miserly.

Njoko njoko e ta ka bonoju
lokasa ombele.

Anal.Njoko.......)

njoko......j

e ..........

tafo .......

ka..........

bonoju......

lokala .....

ombele......

A miser, selfish person ?

he.

not.

give.

boy (child),
leaf,
to lick.

E /uiv.Sel fish ness, m iser 1 y.


22

Ise ya webi ngua we wo komba
a komb onokai.

Anal.Ise
ya
webi .. . friend (equal!
ngua ... shield:
we
we, o... you.
komba . cover, shield.
a
komba .
(b)ona . child.
(b)okai . his.
A Simile. Equiv .Ingratitude.
Botai wa webi o fid okulu
Anal.Botai.. .
wa
webi .. . friend (equal).
o
fkli ... have.
bokulu .
A man borrows > a net, but before returning

owner he repairs it with his own string.

A short time after, the owner goes to the hunt with this
net and catches an animal, but refuses to give any of the
meat to the man who repaired it.

A Simile ofIngratitude.

Okami a fa bokere nkonembe
bo le bakole.

Equiv.Before you can act you must know how to act.


23

Yoko botoma elunge tominyo.

Anal.Yoko.......... Manioc, cassava

botoma....... toma, to chew with a dryness of

mouth (from eating manioc
only).

elunge....... face.

tominyo .... a distortion of the face.

Equiv.Dissatisfaction. Discontentment.

O kanda wiji wa jina.

Anal.O .............. you.

kanda ........ take hold of, bind, seize, arrest,

etc.

wiji ......... place.

wa............ of.

jina ......... footprint.

Equiv.Track a thief by his footprints.

Ivaka locide nyama lofoso n kela
mo?

Ivaka ...
la
bocide ...
nyama .. . . .. meat.
lofoso .. .
n ... I.
kela
mo

Equiv.Inability to help.


24

Basi bokwa ekila nk
webi.

on oki

Anal.Basi ......... Water.

bokwa........ salt.

ekila........ abstinency.

nko ......... only.

bona.........child.

oki.......... of.

webi......... friend (equal).

Equiv.Favouritism

Toti ta nyama tofi nso watsa
nso watsa o n dasa we la
watol imo?

Toti ... Small particles.
ta
nyama ...
tofi
nso . .. I.
wa . .. die.
tsa
o
n
(d)asa ...
we
la
we
atola
imo

Equiv.An insinuation against selfishness in dividing
meat.


25

Dikoke bofumba njela eka
nyango!

Anal.Dikoke A small fish.
bofumba .... njela eka nyango a sop. a fishing ? at. mother.

I can come with boldness and take a sop of fish which
my mother caught.

Equiv.Confidence.

Nto coa lankesa botatana lokolo
o cumola ba yase!

Anal.nta o coa lankesa botatana .. lokolo o cumola ba y asa , Not. you. go (goeth). early morning. exhaustion, a feeling of weakness, a result of hunger, etc. evening. you. annoy, trouble, etc. they. to seek.

He who did not go to the hunt in the morning feels
faint from want of food in the evening. He then comes and
begs from those who have returned from the hunt with
meat.

A rebuke to the indolent and undeserving beggars.


26

Jisu nta ko enela.

Anal.Jisu ........ Eye.

nta ......... not.

ko........... you.

enela........ manifest, reveal to.

It was done behind ones back, and therefore the eye

could not reveal it to one.

A le bosikota ngokwa.

Anal.A .......... He.

le ........ is.

bosikota .... a young man.

nga ....... like.

bokwa...... salt.

A Simile.A good young man (in disposition).

A le bosikota nga mboiyo!

Anal.A ........... He.

le .......... is.

bosikota .... a young man.

nga ......... like.

mboiyo....... A straight tree.

A Simile.A fine young fellow (physique).

Bowa nta sambaka mbula!

Anal.Bowa ....... Dry season.

nta ........ not.

sambaka .... lacketh, in need of, etc.

mbula....... rain.

The dry season is not without some rain !
There is some rain even during the dry season.


27

Mpela nta sambaka biane.

Anal. Mpela .. ... Wet season,
nta .............. not.

sambaka .... lacketh, in need of, etc.
biane ..... heat, sunshine.

'The wet season is not without its sunshine.

There is some sunshine even during the wet season.

Bamato nta sambaka lofoso.

Women are not in need ol words.

Lit. They are fluent.

O fonga bokumba ekaka.

Finish the palaver, cause it to be settled. Come to a
decision.

Bots akefikere, efikere nkotso
kontu

A night alarm or ruse to arouse the inhabitants, to warn
them of a burglars approach.

O bok elunge nda ngunda lai?

Anal. O .............. You.

boka.......... throw.

elunge........ face.

nda .......... in (into).

ngunda........ forest.

lai........... why ?

Equiv.Why do you despise me ? Why treat me with
scorn and disdain ?

Said to an acquaintance who turns his head away from
you while passing.


28

Namba bau ya nd isika, bau yo
cika boje!

Anal.Namba.......... Elephants.

bau .......... they.

ya............ come.

nda .......... in (into).

isika......... street or open space of the town

bau .......... they.

yo............ to.

cika.......... leave.

boje.......... spring, or short wet season

A sign of spring-time coming.

Nyama yo liela etumba yo ya.

Anal.Nyama........ Animals.

yo.......... :they (to).

liela....... come out of the forest into the

town.

etumba...... fight, army, etc.

yo.............it (to).

ya........... comes.

A sign of something grave or of a serious nature going
to happen.

Nso kola ntukunyo bosuka lilo.

Anal.Nso ......... I.

kola........ take.

ntukunyo .... a kind of mushroom,
bosuka...... one who causes to stop, or pre-

vents, etc.

lilo .......hunger (want of meat).

Not having any meat. I take the mushroom, which is
serviceable for stopping the cravings of hunger.

A Simile.If you cannot accomplish your object, do the
next best thing, etc., etc.


29

Lomongo nta kotaki te.

Anal.Lomongo .... He, himself.

nta ......... not.

kotaki....... cut, chop.

bote......... tree.

The tree does not chop or cut itself.

Simile.

Equiv.The target of insinuation is not the insinuator.

N keci eka lafeka.

Anal.N ........... I.

keci ....... slept,

eka ........ at, etc

lafeka ..... a fish (with a small stomach and

very thin).

A Simile.I went to bed supperless. I slept with an
empty stomach.

N keci eka dikongo.

Anal.N ............ I.

keci ........slept.

eka .........at, etc.

dikongo .... a fish (with a large stomach).

A Simile.I slept with a full stomach after a good
supper.


30

To ond ekute jina ji kela
nkasi.

Anal.To............... We.

onda.......... track, trace, etc.

ekute ........ footprint of yesterday ?

jina ......... footprint (fresh).

ji ........... it-

kela.......... do, etc., etc,

nko .......... only.

basi ......... water (fresh).

While they are tracing the footprints of an animal which
passed yesterday, they suddenly come across footprints fresh
of this days.

Eqniv.A sudden surprise. An unexpected event.

To ond esende bongolo bo Iiteko
bwo.

Anal.To.............. We.

onda.......... track, trace, etc.

esende........ squirrel.

bongolo .... porcupine (a kind of).

bo............ it.

le ........... is.

iteko......... net.

bwo........... sudden (without warning).

While they were hunting for a squirrel a porcupine
suddenly darted into the net.

liqi'iv. An unexpected event. A surprise.

Boseka boki bombolo la nkoi.

Anal. Boseka....... One who causes laughter.

boki......... which.

bombolo .... a small animal.

la .......... and.

nkoi......... leopard (a).

The fable is: Said the bombolo to the nkoi
when you hear my cry you come ; for then I shall be on the
ground. Now when the nkoi heard the cry of the
bombdlo he went to the place from whence the cry came
but, lo he found the bombolo was far away, at the top
of the highest tree.

Equiv.A hoax.


31

Mpo a ko la a ko fefa.

Lit.Rats before they nibble you blow upon the flesh
in order to deaden the feeling.

Bomwe isika etumba lekulo.

Anal.Bomwe......... An aggrieved person1

isika........ the street, or open space of the

town, etc.

etumba....... fight~army.

le .......... is.

ekulo........ outskirts of the town.

Equiv.Be watchful, and on your guard. Be cautious,

etc.

Lifaiya liko Potomba.

Anal.Lifaiya..... Stranger, visitor (or the visit ?)

la ........ and.

iko....... porcupine.

la ........ and.

botomba .... animal (an).

The ' botomba, which is sitting just outside of its own
den, keeps the iko back. They gossip, but in the mean-
time a trap is set by a hunter, and the iko in trying to
return to its distant home is caught in the trap.

A warning to simpletons and those unsuspecting danger.
(Irov. 14, 15.)


32

O fo yala oki nkema ndolenge.

Anal.O ............ You.

fo........... not.

yala......... be, remain, etc.

oki.......... of (at).

nkema........ monkeys.

nda ......... in.

bolenge .... a tree covered with creepers.

The monkeys remain in the bolenge, not knowing
that the hunters have cut the branches of the other trees;
in attempting to escape they are caught in the net which had
been set for them.

Equiv.Be prudent, cautious, and careful of conse-
quences.

Ikundo koke nyama lofiko o m
bala n ko ka ende na?

Lit.This food is only good for mehow then can I
give any to you ?

Likwa o mbile nyama yo
etama.

Anal.Likwa ......... A broken stick or branch which

falls from a tree.

o ........... it, which ?

mbile ....... day.

e............that.

nyama........animal.

yo........... it (to).

etama ....... sleeper.

Equiv.Dont praise at first sight. Taste and see.
Test and know. (Discretion.) ? ? (B'aenga.)


33

Ba ki amato bau coa baende.

See No 3.

Inkuni au sana nda Iisafa; a
sanela nyango 1ise.

Anal.Inkuni........ Child, infant.

au........... he.

sana......... plays.

nda ......... in.

lisafa ...... a puddle.

a ........... he.

sanela ....... plays for or to.

nyango........ mother.

la ........... and.

ise........... father.

If the child is allowed to play in the puddle of dirty
water he will cover his parents with dirt when nursed by one
of them.

A Simile of.The child which is never corrected will
bring trouble upon its parents.

Nganza e omiyo loambi wande
yo omiyo lokekele.

Anal.Nganza....... A stick.

e .......... it.

(b)oma....... kill.

iyo.......... they.

loambi....... lizard (a large species).

wai ......... [it is] equal to.

ende......... it, he, etc.

yo........... to.

(b)oma....... kill.

iyo ......... they.

lokekele .... a small animal.

A Simile. Eqniv.Impartiality.


Lokaya n ka nko o n ka emi !

Cause to he giving. I give no (one) who (to) meg'ves me.
Lit. I continue to give, hut no one gives to me.

Em on 6 simbe.

I am passing, or I am going.

Nso coa o lemba nkongia lita.

Anal.Nso ......... I.

coa ........ go

o or lo..... to.

lemba ...... tie.

[jgongia .. ) eveiashes
lita .... 1

Equiv.I am going to heel,

Nsau yanoju

Kwa te kwa te!
to kudza baise
bau coa ecumba
nda likoji, bo=
kumbi bo f ut
ola

Equiv.

/ Listen listen We hear (caus.) fathers
T ,i i I they go to (the) light in argument (etc.)

"11 £l y 1 (the) warrior (chief) he returns not to

( town (lit he escapes not).


35

Nso waisilo mo.

I am sleepy!

Lo lotso!

Good night!


LONDON:

TRUSLOVE AND BRAY, PRINTERS, KNIGHTS HILL ROAD
WEST NORWOOD, S.E.










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