Arapaju misc.

Material Information

Arapaju misc.
Series Title:
Folder 25 : Demographics, etc. of Arapaju village in the Kondmal valley
Added title page title:
Arapaju history and settlement
Bailey, F. G. (Frederick George)
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
एशिया -- भारत -- ओडिशा -- कन्धमाल
ଏସିଆ -- ଭାରତ -- ଓଡ଼ିଶା -- କନ୍ଧମାଳ
India -- Arapaju ( LCSH )
Kondmal valley
India -- Kandhamal (District) ( LCSH )
History ( LCSH )
Caste ( LCSH )
Ritual ( LCSH )
Households ( LCSH )
Spatial Coverage:
Asia -- India -- Odisha -- Kandhamal -- Arapaju
20.451728 x 84.161859


General Note:
Folder 25 contains papers about demographics, history, migration, caste composition, ritual, inter-village relations, household lists and maps of Arapaju village in the Kondmal valley
General Note:
Arapaju (Odisha) has the Indian Pincode 762012.
General Note:
Odisha is also known as Orissa
General Note:
Kondmal is also spelled Khondmal and Kandhamal
General Note:
Please note that these documents were not intended for publication by the author. They were notes the anthropologist made for himself and has generously given permission for them to be archived in this manner. -- The documents contained in the archive are ‘fieldnotes’. As such, the documents represent the active learning of an anthropologist about the field. Much of the material was necessarily tentative and speculative as the anthropologist attempted to understand what he saw and heard. The anthropologist would formulate these things differently in a final publication. -- The notes were made in the 1950s and have to be understood as being of their time.

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS, University of London
Rights Management:
©2016, F.G. Bailey. Used here with permission. Permission granted to SOAS, University of London to display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.


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Arapaju misc/l
1. Foundation etc. The Arapaju people came from Pbbingia and they intermarry
inf Lonkera with almost all the villages in Besringia. 'Yet they came
20.7.^_ beyond living memory. I was struck by the fact that there
are^'-'ingia Konds in Srasananda and Xornora and various
other places and asked^Bfecera what was the reason for this wide dispersal.
Many years ago there were two brothers in Pobingia and they both had fielfe
of kango and julungo and so forth. These fields were much afflicted by
thieving monkeys* and one df the brothers put medicine in his field to stop
the depredations. The medicine was so effective that whatever ventured into
his fields not only monkeys, but cows and buffaloes as well died. Seeing
this the other brothers were mortally afraid for they knew he must be a very
powerful kepa gatanju. Several of them fled in fear and this accounts for their
being scattered in several diffierent villages. Then the kepa gatanju loku
quarrelled with the remaining brother and this time the kepa gatanju man fled.
He first went to Sikopara. 3ut when he was there he quarrelled with the people
from Xionopaju in 3ikosangeri who had settled there, and he went off and bought
mati from the -^obtingia Konds and founded the village of Arapaju.
The date of these events? Lonkdra argued that it could not have been
very long before the Sircar came, otherwise, if they had come of old, then
they would not be intermarrying with the other Konds of Besringia. On the
other hand it would not have been after the Sircar came, since, he said, the
sort of gilfts fights and quarrels which caused the dispersal of the Pobingia
people were inhibited by the presence of the Government. (But people still
disperse in these circumstances. Look at the settlement of Minupokal.J or at
the temporary flight of 34 from Boida.) The point about intermarriage seems
to have more force, but remember (see below) that the Arapaju people have always
been a bit apart, and therefore have always been enemies and therefore have
always been eligible for bondu. If the Arapaju people had not been regarded
in such unholy fear then they might have become assimilated to the bhaya of
the neighbouring villages.... like Doberi did with those around it.
The reputation for witchcraft sticks. Lonkera named several powerful
witches in Arapaju. He said that people do not like to stay more than one
night in that village even the Bisoi does not even Boida people, who have
several bondu links in that village, only stay there one night at a time.

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