Citation
Weihaiwei : Report for 1909

Material Information

Title:
Weihaiwei : Report for 1909
Series Title:
Diplomatic and consular reports
Creator:
Great Britain. Foreign Office.
Place of Publication:
London
Publisher:
Harrison & Sons
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Genre:
Government Document
serial ( sobekcm )
Temporal Coverage:
19090101 - 19091231
Spatial Coverage:
Asia -- China -- Shandong -- Weihai
Coordinates:
37.516667 x 122.116667

Notes

General Note:
"Presented to both Houses of Parliament by command of His Majesty, June, 1910."
General Note:
Publisher's catalogue number: Cd. 4964-11
General Note:
亞洲 -- 中國 -- 山東 -- 威海
General Note:
亚洲 -- 中国 -- 山东 -- 威海

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS, University of London
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
CF327.42 /23894 ( SOAS classmark )
291455 ( aleph )
Cd. 4964-11 ( Publisher_ID )

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Full Text
COLONIAL REPORTSANNUAL,
No. 637.
WEIHAIWEI.
REPORT FOR 1909.
(For Report for 1908, see No. 605.)
Presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of His Majesty).
June, 1910.
LONDON:
PRINTED FOR HIS MAJESTY'S STATIONERY OFFICE,
By DARLING & SON, Ltd., 34-40, Bacon Street, E.
And to be purchased, either directly or through any Bookseller, from
WYMAN and SONS, Ltd., Fetter Lane, E.C., and
32, Abingdon Street, Westminster, S.W.; or
OLIVER & BOYD, Tweeddale Court, Edinburgh; or
E. PONSONBY, 116, Grafton Street, Dublin.
1910.
[Cd. 4964-n.] Price Id.


CONTENTS
Financial ...............
Public Works...............
Police ... ............
Fire Brigade.....
Trade ..................
Shipping... ... ......
Afforestation......
Legislation
Education
Judicial Statistics ...
Opium ..................
Hospitals
Public Health
Sanitation ......
Meteorological
Postal.........
Lighthouses ...
General.....................
Appendix: Meteorological Returns


f> COLONIAL REPORTSANNUAL.
No. 637.
WEIHAIWEI.
(For Report for 1908, see No. G05.)
The Commissioner to the Secretary of State.
Government House,
Port Edward,
Weill aiwei,
15th April, 1910.
My Lord,
I have the honour to forward the accompanying Report
on the territory of Weihaiwei for the year 1909.
I have, &c.,
J. H. Stewart Lockiiart,
Commissioner.
The Right Honourable
The Earl of Crewe, K.G.,
His Majesty's Principal Secretary of State
for the Colonies.
(166602.) Wt. 27349387. 1125 & 85. 6/10. D & S.


f>
COLONIAL REPORTSANNUAL.
FINANCIAL.
The revenue collected during* the year amounted to $83,499,
as compared with $83,277 during the previous year. The expen-
diture during the year amounted to $145,852, as compared with
$168,740, the expenditure of the previous year.
The following are the heads of revenue and expenditure for
last year, as compared with those of the previous year:
Revenue,
Head. 1908-9. .1909-10.
Licences and Internal Revenue ... 32,830 $ 58,403
Fees of Court ......... 2,802 3,426
Rents of Government Property,
Land and Houses ... 45,815 18,838
Interest 991 1,357
Miscellaneous 839 1,475
Total 83,277 83,499
Expenditure.
Head.
Commissioner's Establishment
Secretary to Government ...
District Officer
Police and Gaol ......
Medical and Sanitary
Public Works Department ...
Public Works ......
Fruit and Forestry Department
Miscellaneous Services
1908-9. 1909-10
$ 1
24,541 25,586
12,813 14,796
8,004 8,610
26,498 26,427
15,469 16,930
2,993 2,738
33,605 19,700
3,938 2,015
40,879 29,050
Total ... 168,740 145,852
The total revenue and expenditure for the last five years is as
follows :
Years. Revenue. Expenditure.
'IP 'p
1905-6 105,934 146,120
1906-7 76,777 160,973
1907-8 80,331 173,340
1908-9 83,277 168,740
1909-10 83,499 145,852
The deficit each year has been met by a grant-in-aid from
Imperial funds, which has been as follows during the past five
years:


WJ2IHAIWEI, 1909.
5
Years.
Amount,
£
3,000
4,500
.10,000
10,000
4,400
1905-6...
1906-7...
.1907-8...
.1908-9...
1909-10
PUBLIC WORKS.
During the year no new buildings were erected and no exten-
sion was made to the Government main roads. The roads were
subject to a much greater strain than in any previous year, on
account of the increase in cart traffic, which was unknown here
a few years ago. The carts in use, having heavy clumsy wheels
and no springs, make deep ruts in the roads after rain and snow,
and, as a result, the cost of maintenance of roads will be greater
than it used to be when no cart traffic existed. Tillage roads
were extended for about five miles under the superintendence
of Mr. Liang Te-yang, who gave his services gratuitously. The
cost of the extension was met by a grant from Government, and
by subscriptions from the Chinese either in the shape of money
or labour.
The improvement in the road system in this Territory is so
much appreciated that there is a general desire among the
farmers and others for an extension of the roads to the neigh-
bouring district cities of Jung eh'eng, Wenteng, and Ninghai,
and an influential petition has been addressed to this Govern-
ment asking that the Chinese authorities may be urged to con-
struct cart roads between those cities and the frontier of this
territory. The petition has been fomvarded to. the Governor of
Shantung, who seems disposed to favour the proposal, though it
is feared that want of funds may delay the work for some time
to come.
Bridges suffered no damage of any kind during the year.
The total strength of the force was 3 European inspectors,
3 Chinese sergeants, and 53 Chinese constables, who were dis-
posed as follows :
Two European inspectors, 2 sergeants, and 38 constables were
stationed, at Port Edward.
One sergeant and 7 constables at the headquarters of the
district officer in the Territory,
One European inspector and 8 constables on the Island.
The Police are moved about from time to time, as it has been
found that it is not satisfactory to allow them to remain too
long in one place.
All the constables were trained in musketry during the year
with satisfactory results, the percentage of first-class shots and
marksmen being 75*4. All available members of the force also
POLICE.


f>
COLONIAL REPORTSANNUAL.
attended a field firing scheme, which was well executed, the
figure of merit being 13'9, and ten men were trained in the use
of a machine gun. The health of the force was excellent, but
several constables had to be punished and dismissed for accepting
bribes in connection with gambling.
TIRE BRIGADE.
Three fires occurred at Port Edward but were quickly extin-
guished, without doing much damage, by the local volunteer
fire brigade. There was also a fire in the city of Weihaiwei,
which is under Chinese jurisdiction. The volunteer fire brigade
helped to extinguish it and its assistance was much appreciated.
Fire alarms were held monthly and on each occasion the volun-
teer brigade turned out in full numbers and very smartly.
A volunteer fire brigade has just been formed on the Island
and is working satisfactorily.
TRADE.
The trade of the territory during 1909 was satisfactory.
The export of ground-nuts and ground-nut seeds was nearly
double that of the previous year. The following are the figures
for the last three years :
1 1907. 1908. i 1909. i
Ground-nuts...... Ground-nut seeds ...... Piculs. 12,294 25,320 1 j Piculs. 16,000 60,753 Piculs. 39,600 100,700
A picul = 133i lbs.
The export of salt was large during the earlier part of the
year, but fell off during the latter part.
22,466 cases of Devoe's Brilliant Brand and 6,784 cases of
Tiger Brand Oil, as compared with 18,000 cases and 8,000 cases
in 1908, were imported by the Standard Oil Company, and
only 100 cases of Sumatra oil.
The shark-fishing industry, started by the Japanese in 1908,
was continued last year, 19 boats having been engaged in it.
Owing to the increase of exports from the mainland, the
anchorage at Port Edward has been so much used by steamers
that the agents of the shipping and banking firms who have
hitherto had their headquarters on the Island have decided to
remove them to Port Edward. This change will save native
shippers expense and will be more convenient for them in every
way. Their cargoes have hitherto been sent in lighters to the
Island anchorage, distant three miles, and there put on steamers
or stored until an opportunity of shipping them arose.


weihaiwei, 190$.
I
There is a good anchorage at Port Edward, and, as steamers
are able to anchor close to the shore, the loading and discharge
of cargo will be much facilitated. It would be still more con-
venient if they could go alongside the pier at Port Edward and
thus save transhipment of cargoes in lighters; but a consider-
able expenditure would be necessary to extend that pier, and
in the present financial position of the Territory the necessary
funds are not available. But if trade and shipping continue
to increase this is a question which must receive attention.
SHIPPING.
The total number of steamers that called here during the year
was 567, with a total net tonnage of 481,291 tons, as compared
with 599 steamers in 1908, with a total net tonnage of 488,151
tons. Of the steamers that called: 381 were British,'9 German,
and 177 small Japanese and Chinese coasting boats; the total
net tonnage of the last being 22,981.
The above figures do not include Admiralty colliers 'and
Government transports.
AFFOEESTATION.
50,000 fir trees were planted out on the Island last year, as
compared with 150,000 in 1908. It is intended to plant out
500,000 this year, which number, together with those planted
in previous years, will more than cover the south side of the
Island. It is hoped that the whole of the Island, which is
Government property, will be covered with fir trees by 1912.
As has been pointed out before, the afforestation of the hills
on the mainland would much improve the appearance of the
Territory and would have a beneficial effect on the rainfall. But
to carry out such afforestation would necessitate a larger outlay
than can at present be afforded as, in addition to the cost of
trees, it would be necessary to purchase the private rights of
owners, who either cultivate the hills or plant them with trees
or scrub oak for fuel or rearing silkworms. It has, therefore,
only been possible under present circumstances to plant 80,000
fir trees on hills in the immediate neighbourhood of Port
Edward and to line the roads with acacia, willow, and other
frees.
LEGISLATION.
Only one Ordinance was introduced after having been approved,
viz., The Opium Ordinance, 1909."
EDUCATION.
During the past year 51 boys attended the Government Free
School. The school curriculum is in accordance with that laid
down by the Chinese Government for first-grade schools, and


f> COLONIAL REPORTSANNUAL.
students attending it are, by arrangement with the Chinese
Government, allowed, if they so desire, to enter, after examina-
tion, a middle-grade school in China. Though the highest form
in the Government Free School compares very favourably, as
regards sveral subjects, with a middle-grade school in one of
the provinces of China which was visited, and though the exami-
nation last year was more satisfactory than that of the previous
year, there is still much room for improvement throughout the
school generally. Special attention was paid to hygiene, in
accordance with the instructions of the Secretary of State for
the Colonies. A few boys have attained a fair grasp of the
subject, but most of the boys are only able to repeat like parrots
the text-book they study. A special prize is awarded for this
subject, which, it is hoped, will encourage a more intelligent
study of it.
The Anglo-Chinese School, managed by the Rev. A. E. Burne,
whilst still showing good results, was not so well attended as
in the previous year, the average attendance being 20, as com-
pared with 80 in 1908.
The attendance at the Mission School, formerly managed by
Dr. Case and now under the management of Mr. Ward Wilson,
averaged 22, as compared with 20 last year; whilst Father
Hallam's School for young boys about ten years of age was
attended by ten boys.
The school for girls started by Mrs. Case and now carried
on by Miss Gresham and Miss Itout, had an average attendance
of 25, as compared with 20 in 1908. In this school a good
elementary education is given in reading, writing, arithmetic,
geography, needlework, and lace-making.
The school for girls established by members of the Anti-Foot
Binding Society, has made good progress during the year, the
attendance being ten, which, it is thought, will be increased
this year.
The day school started last year by Franciscan Sisters for
girls other than Chinese, is attended by children of British,
Corean, and Japanese nationality, the average age and attend-
ance being ten.
Mr. Beer's school for European boys, known as the Weihaiwei
School, showed a considerable increase in numbers, which rose
from 35 in .1908 to 51 in 1909. The staff now consists of
two masters and one mistress in addition to the headmaster.
The school possesses a well-instructed, enthusiastic, and smart
corps of boy scouts.
The attendance at the Free School on the Island for Chinese
boys, established and maintained by Mr. Duncan Clark, had
only an average attendance of 8 boys, as compared with 26 in
1908.
As regards the village schools throughout the Territory main-
tained by Chinese, it is noticeable that new books are gradually
finding their way into common use, and that history and
geography, subjects never taught in such schools, are beginning
to receive attention.


welharvvel, 1909.
9
JUDICIAL STATISTICS.
There were 754 convictions in all, as compared witli 909 in
1908. The total number of civil cases was 522, of which 04
were heard by the Magistrate at Port Edward and 458 by the
District Officer and Magistrate at Wen Ch'uan t'ang.
The marked immunity from crime of a serious nature con-
tinues. The only serious cases of crime during 1909 were one
of manslaughter which was tried by the High Court and
resulted in the conviction and sentence of two men to two years'
imprisonment with hard labour; one case of gross ill-treatment
of a woman, which led to suicide; and five cases of robbery.
In one of the last, jewellery was stolen on the Island and was
eventually all recovered, the guilty parties showing themselves,
as in previous cases of a similar kind here, to be anything but
experienced burglars. Out of a total of 754 convictions, 266
were for gambling, as compared with 224 in 1908, which shows
that gambling still continues to be a very prevalent vice.
Suicides have, as usual, been numerous. Eorty cases were
reported to Mr. Johnston, the District Officer, and investigated
by him; and several other cases were reported to Mr. Walter,
Magistrate and Secretary to Government. In reporting on this
subject, Mr. Johnston states: It is probably true to say that
90 per cent, of the persons who destroy themselves in Wei-
liaiwei as, indeed, in China generally, are women. Precisely
the opposite state of affairs has been observed in Europe, where
suicide is a phenomenon of which the male sex possesses almost
the monopoly" (see Chatterton Hill's "Heredity and Selection
in Sociology," page 187). Mr. Walter also points out that in
IVeihaiwei practically no cases of suicide of children occur,
whilst in the West such cases are said to show an alarming-
increase. It is satisfactory to be able to report that the instruc-
tions distributed by Government among the villages explaining
in the vernacular what should be done in the way of first-aid
in cases of poisoning have been, at least on one or two occasions,
of practical use.
There has been a marked increase in the number of civil cases
in the Court of the District Officer. Of the total of 650 cases
heard by him, only- 192 were criminal or police cases, the
remaining- 458 being civil cases. It was formerly the custom
for litigants in civil suits to present written petitions drawn up
by professional petition-writers, but, as it was discovered that
exorbitant fees were charged for such petitions and the writers
of them stirred up litigation, the Magistrates refused to receive
any petition drawn up by a professional petition-writer, and
depended on the oral statement made by each litigant of his case
in court, no fee of any kind being charged. But this system
has not been found to work well. The absence of all fees has
encouraged litigation and induced parties to bring into court
family disputes and other cases of a nature which, according
to Chinese custom, should be settled by arbitration, and as the
ordinary litigant in Weiliaiwei is an illiterate peasant lie is
very rarely capable of giving the court a clear and succinct


f>
COLONIAL REPORTSANNUAL.
account of liis case. In order to remedy this unsatisfactory
state of affairs, provisional Rules of Court have been made under
which petition-writers, who are salaried Government officers,
have been appointed and attached to the clerical staff of the
Magistrates. Their duty is to draw up for the parties to a
civil suit a statement of their case in the form of a petition to
the Magistrate exercising the jurisdiction of the High Court
in civil cases, a fee of $2 being charged for each state-
ment thus prepared. It is hoped that this system, while not
deterring persons from prosecuting their reasonable claims in
the Courts, will help to effect a reduction in litigation which
is either vexatious and unnecessary, or which should be settled
by arbitration instead of being brought into Court. In this
connexion it is interesting to note that a suggestion has recently
been made by Mr. Ameer Ali, one of the leaders of the
Mahometan community of India, that the Government of India
should be moved to re-establish the arbitration courts which
existed in the early part of the nineteenth century for the
settlement of family disputes and to induce the ordinary courts
of justice to discourage the besetting evil of family litigation.
The number of prisoners sentenced to imprisonment in the
Weihaiwei Gaol during 1909 was 157, as compared with 163
in 1908, with a daily average of 28 as compared with a daily
average of 26 during the previous year. The general health
of the prisoners was excellent, no cases of serious sickness
having occurred, and their conduct was very good. They
repaired nearly oil the roads on the Island during the year and
assisted in the work of tree-planting.
It has been usual to send prisoners sentenced to long terms
of imprisonment to the gaol in Hong Kong with the consent
of the authorities of that Colony. In accordance with this prac-
tice, two prisoners, convicted of manslaughter by the High
Court and sentenced to two years' imprisonment, were sent to
Hong Kong last year. Since 1902, the total number of long-
sentence prisoners imprisoned in the gaol at Hong Kong amounts
to twelve.
OPIUM.
During the past year every endeavour was made, so far as
this territory is concerned, to carry out the policy of His
Majesty's Government with regard to opium and to assist China
in her task of suppressing the opium habit.
The opium farm, which was vested in a farmer who paid the
Government for his privilege a sum of <£700 a year, having
expired on the 30tli June last, an Ordinance was at once intro-
duced prohibiting generally the importation, sale, and smoking
of opium, and any other hypnotic, and only allowing an excep-
tion on medical grounds in the case of a few licensed vendors,
who are permitted to import the drug and to retail it only to
persons who produce a doctor's certificate that it is required for
medicine. Since the introduction of the Ordinance only two
chests of opium have been imported, and the number of shops
licensed to sell opium, which to commence with was seven, has


WeIhai wei3 1909.
ii
been reduced to one. The number of opium smokers holding a
medical certificate has been gradually reduced from 220 to 110.
At the present moment there are no opium divans in the
territory. A refuge for those who desire to rid themselves of
the opium habit has been opened under the control of the
Medical Officer. There were 31 admissions during the year.
All those admitted were at once dei>rived of the drug, other
hypnotics being given as required for the first few nights.
Digestive and other symptoms were treated on general prin-
ciples as they arose. The average stay in the refuge was four-
teen days, and all who had been admitted left in good health
without any craving for opium. Whether there have been
many relapses, it is impossible to say.
As was stated in the Report on this Territory for 1908, public
opinion among the Chinese of Weihaiwei is opposed to opium,
and the number of smokers is comparatively small. It seems,
therefore, reasonable to hope that through the influence of
public opinion, supported by the prohibitive legislation which
has been introduced, opium smoking will become a rare habit
here.
HOSPITALS.
The in-patients treated during the year in the hospital on
the Island numbered 23, as compared with 27 in 1908, whilst
the out-patients numbered 2,635, as compared with 2,339 in
1908.
At the Port Edward Hospital there were 112 in-patients, as
compared with 106 in 1908, and 2,826 out-patients, as compared
with 2,347 in 1908.
PUBLIC HEALTH.
The general health of both the European and Chinese com-
munities during the year was good. There were five cases of
dysentery in the King's Hotel among 45 children resident there
during the summer. Three of those cases were severe, and
resulted in the death of an infant, ten months old. There was
one case of dysentery at Half Moon Bay, and there were three
cases of the same disease on the Island, all of which recovered.
It has been suggested that the cases of dysentery in the King's
Hotel were due to the water supply, but an analysis of the well
from which the water used at the hotel was obtained showed
that it was fit for potable purposes. Further, the fact that
there were three cases of dysentery in the hotel on the Island
Avhere condensed water is used, tends to prove that the disease
was not owing to the water supply but was climatic, a view
which is also supported by statistics of the health of Europeans
in other parts of China about the same time and by reports
from Chinese. An outbreak of diphtheria occurred among
Chinese in a house on the Island. There were five cases and
two deaths before the disease was notified. The remaining three
cases, which were severe, were treated with anti-toxin, and all
recovered.


f>
COLONIAL REPORTSANNUAL.
There was one ease of scarlet fever on the Island, which
appears to have been imported from Shanghai.
During the summer a severe epidemic of cholera broke out
at Chefoo, the Treaty Port, distant 60 miles by road and 40
miles by sea from Weiliaiwei, and the disease gradually spread
along the high road from Cliefoo to Weiliaiwei until it reached
several of the villages in this Territory, the nearest affected
being situated seven miles from Port Edward. Cliefoo was at
once declared an infected port, and all native passengers arriving
by sea were subjected to medical inspection, whilst the villages
infected were visited by a medical officer. Printed instructions
regarding the treatment and prevention of cholera were also
circulated throughout the Territory by the headmen of the
villages. As a result of the precautions taken, the disease did
not spread in this Territory and soon disappeared.
The number of vaccinations performed on the mainland
during the year amounted to 3,563, as compared with 4,234 in
1908, and on the Island 55, as against 194 in the previous year.
SANITATION.
The sanitary condition of Port Edward and the Island is in
a satisfactory condition. The conservancy arrangements on the
Island have been undertaken by Government instead of being
carried out by a contractor, with the result that the work is now
discharged more efficiently. Two new dairies have been built on
the Island to take the place of former buildings which were
not suitable. Steps are also being taken to cover the wells in
use at Port Edward, and to fit them with pumps instead of
leaving them open as at present. As was pointed out in last
year's report, analysis has shown that the water of these wells
is good in every instance except one, the defect in which is
being remedied; and it is hoped that by covering them in the
manner proposed all risk of pollution will be prevented.
METEOROLOGICAL.
The Meteorological Returns for the year are given in the
Appendix.
The highest monthly barometrical average was that of
January, 30*660, and the lowest that of July, 29*009.
The highest temperature was 94 E., recorded in July, and
the lowest 11, in January and February.
Rain or snow fell on 81 days, the total rainfall for the year
being 33*54 inches. August was the wettest month, with a
rainfall of 9*48 inches. In June it rained 4*89 inches and in
July 7*33, so that during the three months when Weihaiwei is
chiefly frequented by visitors it rained a total of 21*70 inches


Weihaiwei, 1909.
13
in 35 days. It is not surprising, therefore, that to visitors, at
any rate, Weihaiwei does not appear to be such a dry place
as its annual rainfall shows it to be. But the rain soon dries up
and, therefore, does not for long prevent people from indulging
in their usual outdoor amusements.
POSTAL.
The number of mails received during the year from Shanghai
was 457, in 665 bags, containing ordinary correspondence, and
1,722 registered articles and parcels. The number of mails
despatched for Shanghai, Cliefoo, and Tientsin was 421, in
482 bags, containing ordinary correspondence, and 2,706 regis-
tered articles.
Since May last the Post Office has been sending bags by way
of Siberia addressed to the General Post Office in London. The
number of mails despatched in this manner was 140, in 140
bags, containing 45,094 ordinary letters, 4,106 postcards, and
846 registered articles. The numbers of letters received by way
of Siberia was 6,176; of postcards, 306; and registered letters,
95.
The quickest time in which a mail reached here by way of
Siberia during the past year was 16 days, or about half the time
it requires for a letter to arrive by way of Suez. A resident
of Weihaiwei accomplished the journey between London and
WeihaiwTei in 134 days, and it seems pretty certain that before
long the time now required to complete that journey will be
considerably shortened.
The total receipts for the sale of stamps and postal notes
during 1909 were as follows :
$ cts. '
Stamps ............5,891.4.1
Imperial Postal Totes 12,917.94
Local ,, ,, 6,453.92
LIGHTHOUSES.
The two lighthouses at Flagstaff Point and Chaopeitsui, which
are inspected by Engineer-Commander Parker, R.N., have
worked very satisfactorily during the year and the lightkeepers
have discharged their duties with zeal and efficiency.
GENERAL.
The year 1909 will be memorable in the history of China for
the inauguration of Provincial Assemblies, the first important
step in a series of reforms intended to introduce into China
Constitutional Government,


f>
COLONIAL REPORTSANNUAL.
A register of the electors in this Territory entitled to vote or
to become members of the Provincial Assembly was prepared,
on which appear the names of about 500 persons. The Pro-
vincial Assembly of Shantung, which is composed of 103
members, one of whom is a native and resident of this Territory,
was opened on the 14th October by His Excellency Sun Pao-ch'i,
the Governor of Shantung, with an address which has been
highly commended.
The British fleet, under the command of Admiral Sir
Hedworth Lambton, was here during the summer months, and
is to be congratulated on the excellence of its shooting, in which
it proved itself second to none as compared with other fleets in
the Navy.
The American fleet, under the command of Rear-Admiral
Harber, visited Weihaiwei in August, a visit which was much
appreciated by all those afloat and on shore who had the pleasure
of extending a hearty welcome to Admiral Harber, his officers,
and men. I regret that, owing to my absence on leave in
England, I could not take part in that welcome; but Mr. Walter,
who was administering the Government, was able to enjoy what
I missed.
I visited Chinan, the capital of Shantung, in spring, in order
to return the official call paid me by His Excellency Yuan
Shu-hsun in the autumn of the previous year. This is the third
occasion in which I have paid an official visit to the capital of
Shantung, and on each occasion the welcome accorded to me by the
Governor and the leading officials has been of the most cordial
and friendly nature. Since my visit, His Excellency Yuan Shu-
hsiin has been promoted to be Governor-General of the two
Provinces of Kuangtung and Kuangsi.
On my way to Chinan, I passed through the German Colony
of Kiaochou, where my old friend Governor Truppel entertained
me with that hospitality for which His Excellency and his
countrymen in that Colony are so justly famous.
The number of visitors during the summer was more numerous
than in any previous year, nearly all the accommodation avail-
able being occupied.
The general state of affairs during the past year may on the
whole be regarded with satisfaction. Trade was good, but
would be still better if capital could be attracted to the Terri-
tory; the farmers were prosperous, having enjoyed bountiful
harvests; the health of the public was excellent, no serious
epidemic of any kind having occurred, and peace and good
order reigned throughout the year, owing to the orderly nature
of the inhabitants of Weihaiwei, among whom crime is rare
and good behaviour prevalent.
J. H. Stewart Lockhart,
Commissioner.
Government House,
Weihaiwei,
15th April, 1910.


APPENDIX.
Meteorological Return for 1909.
1909.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
Mean
Barometer. Temperature. Rain or Snow.
Highest Lowest Mean Highest Lowest Range Mean of Mean of Mean A mount
in the in the for the Range. in the in the in the all the all the daily Days it fell. collected.
Month. i Month. Month. Month. Month. 1 Month. Highest. Lowest. Range.
Inches. Inches. Inches. Inches. F. F. F. F. F. Inches.
30-660 29-916 30-308 744 49 11 38 36 19* 17 9 (7 snow) 60
; 30-482 29-886 30-206 596 52 11 41 39 19 20 7 snow 11
i 30-566 29-802 30-226 764 58 19 39 44 25 19 5 (3 snow) 68
; 30-238 29-020 29-882 1-218 83 26 57 65 38 27 3 3-92
30-220 29-075 30-336 1-145 84 40 44 66 44 22 1 06
30-000 29-592 29-803 408 92 47 45 79 57 22 5 4-89
30-038 29-009 29-804 1-029 94 52 42 83 64 19 14 7-33
29-980 29-505 29-780 475 90 64 -26 81 66 15 16 9-48
! 30-220 29-674 30-327 546 89 52 37 78 58 20 4 87
j 30-386 30-010 30-190 376 81 36 45 69 48 21 5 -2-30
! 30*466 29-900 30-218 566 71 16 55 58 35 23 11 (2 snow) 2-15
I 30-540 29-798 30-361 742 55 13 42 42 25 17 1 1-15
, | 30-316 l 29-598 30-120 717 74 32 42 61 41 20 81* *33-54
Total.
23rd January, 1909 : Earthquake shock, 7.50 p.m.
Port Edward,
Weihaiwei.
W. M. Muat, M.B.


COLONIAL REPORTS.
The following recent reports, &c., relating to His Majesty's Colonial
Possessions have been issued, and may be obtained from the
sources indicated on the title page :
ANNUAL.
No. Colony, &c. Year.
604 Ceylon ...... 1908
605 Weihaiwei............ ......
606 Seychelles ...............
607 Jamaica ............... ...... 1907-1908
608 Colonial Survey Committee ...... ...... 1908-1909
609 Gambia ...... ... ...... ...... 1908
610 Malta ............... ...... 1908-1909
611 Sierra Leone ...... 1908
612 Turks and Caicos Islands.........
613 Gold Coast...............
614 Bechuanaland Protectorate ...... 1908-1909
615 Bahamas ............... ...
616 St. Lucia ............... ...... 1908
617 Hong Kong............... ... ,,
618 Fiji..................
619 Nyasaland............... ...... 1908-1909
620 Barbados ............... ,,
621 Trinidad and Tobago ......... ... ... n
622 Straits Settlements............ ...... 1908
623 Somaliland............... ...... 1908-1909
624 Mauritius ............... ...... 1908
625 St. Vincent............... ...... 1908-1909
626 Jamaica ............
627 Swaziland ...
628 Grenada ... ...... ...... 1908
629 Leeward Islands ............ ...... 1908-1909
630 Southern Nigeria............ ...... 1908
631 British Honduras............
632 British Guiana ... ......... ...... 1908-1909
633 Northern Nigeria............ ... n
631 Basutoland............... ... n
635 East Africa Protectorate ... ...... ... n
636 Uganda ...............
No.
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
MISCELLANEOUS.
Colony, &c.
Uganda
Imperial Institute .
Uganda .....
Do.
Gold Coast ...
Southern Nigeria
Do. do.
St. Helena
Colonies
Subject.
Cotton Industry.
Gums and Resins
Botany and Forestry.
Sleeping Sickness.
Forests.
Mineral Survey, 1905-6.
Do. do. 1906-7.
Fisheries.
List of Laws relating to Patents,
Trade Marks, &c.


Full Text

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PAGE 13

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