Citation
Secwana dictionary : English-SeCwana and SeCwana-English

Material Information

Title:
Secwana dictionary : English-SeCwana and SeCwana-English
Creator:
Brown, J. Tom (John Tom), 1860-1925, 1860-1925
Place of Publication:
London
Publisher:
London Missionary Society
Publication Date:
Language:
Tswana
English
Measurements:
17 cm. in

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Tswana language
Tswana language -- Dictionaries -- English
English language -- Dictionaries -- Tswana
Spatial Coverage:
Africa -- Botswana
Coordinates:
-24.658333 x 25.908333

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS, University of London
Rights Management:
Source document: This item is in the public domain. Digital version: All rights reserved. Governed by a Creative Commons License: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA). High resolution digital master available from SOAS, University of London - the Digital Library Project Office. -- For more information, review the Rights and Permissions statements associated with this item or collection. --To assert a claim of copyright ownership, contact the Digital Library Project Office.
Resource Identifier:
293301 ( aleph )
Classification:
PL8747

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:


Full Text
This volume was published with
intervening unnumbered blank
pages.
Blanks were intended for the
readers record of words and
definitions not found in the
printed dictionary.
This copy retains only printed
and inscribed pages.
Unnumbered blank pages have
been removed.


PRESENTED TO THE
SCHOOL OF ORIENTAL STUDIES,
LONDON INSTITUTION.
BY
........Jjnr5,. ____........


SECWANA DICTIONARY
ENGLISH SECWANA
AND
SECWANA ENGLISH
COMPILED BY
JOHN BROWN
PRINTED FOR THE LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY BY
BUTLER & TANNER, FROME AND LONDON
1895




PREFACE
After a lapse of nearly twenty years, a new edition of the
Secwana vocabulary ought to be larger and more correct
than the first edition. It will, I think, be found that this
is the case, though there will still be defects. In such
a work, mistakes and omissions are not easily avoided.
In some respects the Secwana language is very rich in
words, and different words have but a very slight differ-
ence in meaning. Look, for instance, at the list of words
under the headings Break, Cut, Take, and Turn.
On the other hand, there are some respocts in which the
language is decidedly poor; and it is no easy matter for
an enquirer to avoid being led astray as he seeks for
words to express ideas which experience and use have
made familiar to him, but which are indistinct, if not
foreign, in the mind of his native helper.
No doubt variations in spelling will still be found in
the vocabulary and other books. Some of these are
owTing to varying opinions, and others to a difficulty in
deciding upon the proper letters to use. Even in books
printed at Kuruman, words will be found which are spelt
in more ways than one. In some cases the variations are
owing to differences in tribal use in the north and south.
These differences are found especially in words written
with o and e and ts and tsh, lo and le.
When the learner meets with such variations which he
is able to test by ear, he must not conclude that mistakes
have been made. Neither let the learner conclude when
he meets with a word not known in the part where he
lives, that this word must be wrong. Some words are in
use in one part of the country which are not even known
to the natives of other parts.
I have met with some words in books, and received
others from missionaries, which my Motlhapifi helper
knew nothing about. These words I have indicated
s


4
thus: Int. Interior words known in the south are gener-
ally written after the Setlhapin words.
No few words are being added to the language by the
adoption of English or Dutch words, and giving them a
Secwana pronunciation. Thus, to comb the hair is, Go
kamaKam being the Dutch for a comb. Some of these
words are given in the vocabulary, and are designated
hybrid.
As the book is bulky, and the demand for it will be
limited, I fear the price will be comparatively high. No
more than the bare cost, however, will be charged. The
Missionary Society will be satisfied if the outlay is re-
funded by sales some day. The compiler has done the
work as a part of his duties.
JOHN BROWN.
Taungs, March, 1895.


HINTS TO LEARNERS OF SECWANA.
It is not easy to teach Secwana according lo the rules of
grammar, and those who try so to learn it will meet with
many difficulties.
All that is attempted in these hints is to give learners an
insight into the structure of the language, and guide them in
their efforts to acquire it.
Canon Crisp, in-his Notes towards a Secwana Grammar,
has given us the language in a grammatical form as nearly,
perhaps, as it is possible to give it, and learners will find his
book a great help.
Orthography.
There is a good deal of difference of opinion as to liow
Secwana should be written. No general rules have as yet
been agreed upon, and words will be found spelt differently
in different books. A learner, however, will soon become
accustomed to the variety.
The orthography of this vocabulary is that used by the
missionaries of the London Missionary Society. The dialect
is, for the most part, that of the Batlhaping tribe.
Letters and Their Sounds.
The letters 6, 7i, fc, £, m, w, p, s, w, and ?/, are used as in
English.
In the north, and also among the Barolong, h has a sound
resembling bh, or fh; and in some books it is written /.
Sometimes li has the sound of r.
y sometimes has a sound approaching the English j) as, for
instance, in Leywa.
n is sounded like ng in bung.
d is more like the English d than any other letter; though
it is thought by some to resemble I and r. Perhaps the letter
d only partially sounded is as near an approach to the sound
as an English learner could get without help.
c is sounded like ch in church.
g is a guttural, and is used as in Dutch. It is heard also in
the Scotch word loch.
a is like a in father.
e has two sounds, one like a in age, and the other i in win,
is like e in web.
i is like the double e in see and been.
5


6
o represents two sounds ; the o in rope, and the sound heard
when southern Becwanas pronounce the word lehoko.
is like ou in ought.
u is like u in rural.
kg is a combination of k and the guttural, and its sound
can only be acquired by practice.
tlh is tl aspirated.
tah is ts aspirated.
Two vowels coming together are generally both sounded.
In the case of double w, the voice rests upon the letters,
making them almost like two syllables. The same is also the
case with double m.
Pronunciation and Accent.
The general rule is that words are divided at the vowels ;
and the accent is on the last syllable but one, e.g. Tuml, and
Itu??ila.
When words end in n, the emphasis is on the last syllable,
i.e. Itumfa/1. In the case of words of only one syllable the
accent is on the last syllable of the word preceding it, i.e.
Ke tla sha; Ba le ba ga; Rea nwa. In some cases, only a
very slight difference in sound or emphasis distinguishes one
word from another. Sometimes, indeed, the difference is so
slight as to be indistinguishable by any but a quick ear, and
orthography fails to express it. Fortunately, such words are
not numerous, and the connection will generally indicate the
meaning.
Euphonic Changes.
Attention should be paid to certain changes in consonants,
which evidently take place for the sake of euphon3T, e.g.
B into P. Bolaea, Ipolaea.
G Kg. Godisa, Ikgodisa.
R ,, Th. Ruta, Ithuta.
D J, T. Disa, Itisa.
L ,, T. Leba, Iteba.
L D. Bla, Bodile.
H ,, Ph. Lohare, Diphare.
When mo precedes words beginning with &, the two words
become one, i.e. Ke tla mmna, for Ke tla mo bna. Re le ra
mmitsa, for Re le ra mo bitsa.
Particles.
A learner of Secwana will do well, at the outset, to concern
himself but little with grammatical rules, and pay special
attention to certain little particles which are in such con-
stant use as to play an important part in the structure of the


7
language. Each noun has its own particle or particles which
perform several offices, and without which the noun is very
seldom used. In the use of pronouns, adjectives, and verbs
also, these particles show themselves. The following sen-
tences will show the frequency of their use.
The particle of the majority of nouns is e.
Kic e, This knowledge; Kic ea me, My knowledge; Kic
e kgolo, The great knowledge ; Kic e tla thusa, Knowledge
will help; Kic eotlhe, All the knowledge; Kic e nwe, The
other knowledge.
The particle of nouns beginning with se is se.
Setlhare se, This tree ; Setlhare sa me, My tree; Setlhare se
se golo (written segolo), A large tree; Setlhare se tla wa,
The tree will fall; Setlhare se se nwe (written senwe), The
other tree ; Setlhare shotlhe, All the tree.
The particles of nouns beginning with le are le and ye.
Leru ye, This cloud; Leru ye me, My cloud ; Leru ye le
golo, A large cloud; Leru le tla bnala, The cloud will ap-
pear ; Leru ye le nwe, The other cloud ; Leru yeotlhe, All the
cloud.
The particle of nouns beginning with lo is lo.
Lokwal lo, This book ; Lokwal loa me, My book; Lokwal
lo lo ^olo, A large book; Lokwal lo tla wa, The book will
fall; Lokwal lo lo golo, A large book; Lokwal lo lo nwe,
The other book ; Lokwal lotlhe, All the book.
The particles of nouns beginning with bo are bo and yo.
Bogb yo, This bread ; Bogb yoa me, My bread ; Bogb
yo bo golo, The large bread; Bogb bo tla thusa, The bread
will help; Bogb yo bo nwe, The other bread; Bogb
yotlhe, All the bread.
The particles for nouns beginning with mo, are o and mo.
Monwana o, This finger; Monwana oa me, My finger ;
Monwana o mo golo, A large finger; Monwana o tla gola.
The finger will grow ; Monwana o mo nwe, The other finger ;
Monwana otlhe, All the finger.
Personal nouns beginning with mo, have eo also as a
particle.
Mosadi eo, This woman; Mosadi oa me, My wife; Mosadi
eo mo golo, A great woman; Mosadi o tla ea, The woman
will go; Mosadi eo mo nwe, The other woman.
The particle of nouns beginning with ba is ba.
Banona ba, These men; Banona ba me, My men; Banona
ba ba golo, The great men ; Banona ba tla ea, The men will
go; Banona ba ba nwe, The other men; Banona botlhe, All
the men.
The particles of nouns beginning with ma, are a and ma.
Maina a, These names. (The a here is sounded like wa,


8
and may sometimes be found written so). Maina a rona, Our
names; Maina a ma golo, The great namesj Maina a tla
balwa, The names will be read; Maina a ma nwe, The other
names; Maina aotlhe, All the names.
The particles of nouns beginning with me are e and me.
Menwana e, These fingers; Menwana ea me, My fingers;
Menwana e me golo, The great names; Menwana e tla sha,
The fingers will be burned; Menwana e me nwe, The other
fingers; Menwana eotlhe, All the fingers.
There are some exceptions to the rules relating to the par-
ticles. For instance, Metse, water, has a as its particle.
Mmele has o; Dush has lo. These exceptions will all, I
think, be found in the vocabulary.
Article.
There is no article in Secwana. Each noun includes its
article within itself. Mola is either a law, or the law.
Kgoma e shule, The ox is dead; literally, The ox it is dead.
Nouns.
Number. The plural of nouns whose particle is e, is formed
by prefixing di to the singular. Pu, Dipu; Nt, Dint ;
Thupa, Dithupa; Kgosi, Dikgosi; Chaka, Dichaka; ftata,
Dinata.
Nouns beginning with se, change se into di in forming the
plural. Setlhare, Ditlhare.
Nouns beginning; with lo, change lo into di, and sometimes
into ma. Lona, Dina ; Lounw, Maunw.
Nouns beginning with mo, change mo into me. Monwana,
Menwana.
Personal nouns beginning with mo, however, change into
ba. Motho, Batho; Moloi, Baloi.
Nouns beginning with mm, change into me. Mmp,
Mebp; Mmele, Mebele. Personal nouns beginning with
mm have other changes. Mmatli, Babatli; Mmolai, Babolai.
Names of trees generally have the singular in mo, and the
plural in ma. Mokala, Makala.
Nouns beginning with le, change le into ma. Leina,
Maina.
Some nouns form their plurals irregularly. Dusli, Dinch ;
Letsatsi, Malatsi; Mutlwa, Mitlwa; Loleme, Diteme;
ftwana, Bana; Ntlo, Matlo; Lodi, Dinti.
The plurals of personal nouns and nouns of relationship
are sometimes formed by prefixing bo to the singular.
Mmab, Bommab.
A large number is sometimes expressed by using the prefix
bo or ma. Bonche, Many articles; Manku, Many sheep.
Gender.The gender of nouns is expressed in some cases by


9
a separate word, and in others by a change m the adjective.
For instance, Mosimane, A male child; Mosetsana, A female
child. Nca, A dog; Nca e namagadi, A bitch. Kgomo e ncho,
A black ox ; Kgomo e chwana, A black cow.
Cane.The possessive case of nouns whose particle is e, or o,
or lo, is formed by adding a to the particle. Nku ea me, My
sheep; Menwana ea gago, Thy fingers; Mosadi oa gagw, His
wife; Loma loa bna, Their needle.
Nouns whose particles are le and ye have yat Lein ya me,
My tooth.
Nouns whose particles are yo and bo, have yoa. Boleo yoa
bna, Their sin.
Nouns whose particles are di and txe, have tna. Dil tsa
gagw, His things.
Nouns whose particle is ne have na. Setul sa me, My
stool.
Nouns whose particles are ba or a retain the particles un-
changed. Baba ba rona, Our enemies; Mahum a gagw,
His riches.
In the case of propsr names the particle is followed by ga.
Pitse ea ga Peter, Peters horse.
Verbal nouns also have ga. Go diha ga gagw, His work-
ing.
Place where is expressed by the prepositions mo, ha, kaha,
and kwa. In these cases the noun ends in n, and certain
changes also take place in the vowel of its final syllable, the
open vowel becoming, as a rule, acute. For instance :
a changes into e. Pitsa. Mo pitsen, In a pot.
e changes into i. Setlhare. Mo setlharin, In a tree.
changes into o. Tih. Mo tihoii, In a work.
o, where it has the distinctive southern sound, changes into
u. Lehoko. Lehokun, In a word.
changes into e, Kolob. Mo koloben, In a pig.
In this locative case there are also euphonic changes in
some of the consonants. Pelo. Mo pedun, In a heart.
Letlole. Mo letlodin, In a box.
Nouns ending in n seem to vary in usage. Boyan. Mo
boyanen, Mo boyanyen, and Mo boyanye, all seem to be
heard.
Adjectives.
Adjectives are joined to nouns by means of the particles.
The usual method in the books is to connect one of the
particles with the adjective itself, i.e.. Motho eo mogolo, A
great person \ Batho ba basha, New people; Setlhare se sentl,
A beautiful tree; Ditlhare tse dintl, Beautiful trees ;
Mahoko a mabtlana, Few words, etc. But the method
which would show and preserve the structure of the language


10
better is that by which the usual forms of the particles are
preserved throughout. We should then writeMotho eo
mo golo; Batho ba ba sha; Setlhare se se ntl; Ditlhare
tse di ntl; Mahoko a ma btlana, etc.
Certain euphonic changes appear in the use of the adjec-
tives, i.e., Thipa e ptlana; Setlhare se se btlana. Ntlo e
ncha ; Secwal se se sha.
Nouns and verbs are used as adjectives by means of the
particles. Motho eo o thata, A strong man, or The man who
is strong ; Nca e e bogale, An angry dog, or The dog which is
angry; Metse a a lecwai, Salt water; Tih e e nyatsgan, A
despicable work.
The comparative degree is generally expressed by using the
word bogolo. Podi e e tonna, A large goat; Podi e e tonna
bogolo, A larger goat.
To express the superlative degree, bogolo bogolo is used.
Podi e e tonna bogolo bogolo, The largest goat.
Numerals.
The Secwana numerals up to seven are expressed by words
which are preceded by the particles, and vary slightly accord-
ing to euphonic requirement.
One, Nwe. One horse, Pitse nwe. The e is elided. One tree,
Setlhare senwe. The remark as to the method of writing,
which was made in connection with adjectives, would apply
here also.
Two, Pedi. Two horses, Dipitse dipedi; Dipitse di le pedi.
Two people, Batho babedi.
Three, Tharo. Three horses, Dipitse ditharo; Dipitse di le
tharo. Three people, Batho bararo.
Four, N, and Nn. Four horses, Dipitse din ; Dipitse di
le n. Four fingers, Menwana men.
Five, Tlhano. Five horses, Dipitse ditlhano. Five people,
Batho batlhano.
Six, Thataro. Six horses, Dipitse dithataro. Six people,
Batlio barataro. Six fingers, Menwana merataro.
Seven, Shupa. Seven horses, Dipitse dishupa. Seven people,
Batho bashupa.
Eight is expressed by bending down the two smallest fingers
on the right hand. Eight horses, Dipitse tse di hran men-
wana mebedi; Dipitse di hra menwana mebedi.
Nine is expressed by folding down the little finger of the
right hand. Nine horses, Dipitse tse di hran monwana o le
moil we hla ; Dipitse di hra monwana o le monwe hla.
Ten, Shom. Ten horses. Dipitse dishom. Ten people,
Batho basliom.
The numerals higher than ten are complicated, and may be
written in more ways than one.


11
Eleven. Eleven horses, Dipitse dishom di owa ka nwe hla.
Eleven boys, Basimane ba le shom ba cwa ka monwe hla.
Twelve. Twelve boys, Basimane ba le shom le mec 0 le
mebedi.
Thirteen. Thirteen sheep, Dinku dishom di cwa ka ditharo.
Twenty, Mashom mabedi.
Thirty, Mashom mararo.
Forty, Mashom man.
The first, Ea ntlha ; Sa ntlha ; Oa nthla, etc.
The second, Ea bobedi, etc.
The third, Ea boraro, etc.
The fourth, Ea bon, etc.
The fifth, Ea botlhano, etc.
The sixth, Ea borataro.
The seventh, Ea boshupa.
The eighth, Ea bohra menwana mebedi, etc.
The ninth, Ea bohra monwana o le monwe hla.
The tenth, Ea boshom.
Pronouns.
Personal Pronouns. Singular. 1, Ke; Nna. I will go,
Ke tla ea ; Nna ke dihile yalo, I (emphatic) have done this.
Me. In the case of active verbs, the personal pronoun, first
person singular, becomes a part of the verb, and involves the
usual euphonic changes; O tla nthata, He will love me; O
tla nthiba, He will stop me; O tla mphenya, He will conquer
me ; O tla nkgakolola, He will advise me.
You and Thou, U; Wna. You will go, or, Thou wilt go.
U tla ea ; Thou wilt help, Wna, u tla thusa.
Thee, Gu. O tla,gu thusa, He will help thee.
He and She, O, na. O thusitse, He has helped; Ena o tla
thusa, He (emphatic) will help.
Him, or Her, Mo. Ke tla mo thusa, I will help him. When
mo precedes a verb beginning with b, it becomes a part of it
by elision. Ke tla mmitsa, for, Ke tla mo bitsa ; Ba mmonye,
for, Ba mo bonye.
It is expressed by the particle of the noun. E tla thusa, It
will help; Ke tla se thusa, I will help it.
Plural Pronouns. We, Re ; Rona ; Chona. Re tsile, We
have come ; Rona re tla ea, We (emphatic) will go.
Us, Re. 0 tla re thusa, He will help us.
You, Lo ; Lona ; Nyna. Lo tla ea, You will go ; Lona lo
tla ea, You (emphatic) will go; O tla lo thusa, He will help
you.
They and Then are expressed by the particles of the pronouns.
Di tla ea. They will go; Ba tla ea, They will go; Ke tla di
rka, I will buy them ; Ke tla ba thusa, I will help them.


12
In connection with a verb, both the noun and its pronoun
are used. Nca e tla loma, The dog (it) will bite; Nca ea me
e tla loma, My dog will bite. The women will go, Basadi ba
tla ea.
Possessive Pronouns. My, or Mine, Me. Pitse ea me, My
horse ; Pitse e ke ea me, Thi9 horse is mine.
Thy, or Thine, Gago. Pitse ea gago, Thy horse; Pitse e ke
ea gago, This horse is thine.
His, or Hers, Gagw. Pitse ea gagw, His horse ; Pitse e ke
ea gagw, This horse is his; Moses o ke oa gagw, This frock
is hers.
Its is expressed by na affixed to the particles with certain
euphonic changes. Tlhg ea epna, Its head; Secwal sa
yena, Its lid (Letlole); Letlal ya na, Its skin (Monwana);
Mocwi oa yna, Its arrow (Bora); Ivala ea shna, Its branch
(Setlhare); Lonala loa lna, Its nail (Lona). .
Our, or Ours, Rona; Chona. Pitse ea rona, Our horse :
Pitse e ke ea rona, This horse is ours.
Your, or Yours (plural), Lona; Nyna. Pitse ea Iona, Your
horse. Pitse e ke ea lona, This horse is yours.
Their, or Theirs, is expressed by the particle of the noun,
with certain euphonic changes. Pitse ea bna, Their horse ;
Dikaia tsa cna, Their branches; Mmala oa ana, Their
colour ; Bokoa yoa ena, Their weakness.
Demonstrative Pronouns. This, or These, is expressed by
one of the particles of the nouns. Thipa e, This knife ; Sel
se, This thing ; Letlole ye, This box ; Morahe o, This nation ;
Motho eo, This person; Bogob yo, This bread; Batho ba,
These people; Dipitse tse, These horses; Mahoko a, These
words; Mebila e, These roads.
That, or These, is expressed by adding u to the particle.
Pitse eu, That horse ; Lesaka yeu, That krall; Batho bau,
Those people; Ditlhare tseu, These trees.
That yonder, or These yonder, is expressed by adding le to
its particles. Ntlo ele, That house yonder; Motho eole, That
person yonder; Mohuta ole, That heap yonder; Batho bale,
Those people yonder; Dinku tsele, Those sheep yonder.
Distributive Pronouns. Each, or Every is expressed by
adding nwe to the particle, and repeating the word so formed.
Nku nwe le nwe, Each sheep; Every sheep. In this case
the particle is elided. Setlhare sen we le sen we, Each tree ;
Every tree. Mosadi monwe le mofiwe, Each woman; Every
woman. Lehoko lenwe le lenwe, Each word ; Every word.
Interrogative Pronouns. Who ? Man ? Email ? Man eo ?
Who is this ? Ena eman ? Who is he ? Email eo o dihilen
yalo ? Who has done this ? Ba bo man ? Who are they ?
What f En ? En se ? What is this ? Ba dihile en ? What


13
have they done ?' 0 raea efi ? or, 0 raean ? What does he
say? Which is expressed by adding he to the particle.
Lehoko lehe ? Which word ? Mola ohe ? Which Jaw ?
Dil dihe ? Which things ? Maina ahe ? Which names ?
Bonn bohe ? Which dwelling-place ?
Verbs.
In the use of Sec w ana verbs certain ^particles play an
important part, and they are capable of expressing very
slight variations in meaning. These particles vary some-
what in the different dialects.
A long list of paradigms showing the moods and tenses of
the verb, may be found in Archdeacon Crisps Grammar. In
these hints, examples of the simplest forms only can be given.
The learner must remember that the third person of verbs,
both in the singular and the plural, always depends upon the
particle of the noun; and these particles are always used
either with the noun or in place of it.
The infinitive of the verb is formed by the use of go. Go
rata, To love. Go bisa go rata, Not to love; Without loving.
In eating, Mo go yen.
In not eating, Mo go sa yen.
By eating, Ka go ya.
By not eating, Ka go sa ye.
P-.-civ i-:' X',-. s. I ^ Ke ya. 4,/U^.
Thou eatest, U ya, U, ^ ____/ /
He eats, O ya. ' ' '
It eats, E ya.
Se ya, etc.
We eat, lie ya.
You eat, Lo ya.
They eat, Ba ya.
Di 37a, etc.
TVe< ^ ^ 1 am eatingr Kea ya.
Thou art eating. Ua ya.
He is eating, Oa ya.
It is eating, Ea ya.
Sea ya, etc.
We are eating, Rea ya.
You are eating, Loa ya.
They are eating, Baa ya.
Dia ya, etc.


14
I eat (habitually) Ke tie ke ye.
You eat U tie u ye.
He eats O tie o ye.
It eats E tie e ye.
Se tie se ye, etc.
We eat Re tie re ye,
You eat Lo tie lo ye.
They eat Ba tie ba ye.
Di tie di ye, etc.
In this habitual tense the accents of verbs disappear.
Ke tie ke bon we, I am habitually seen. Ba tie ba reme,
They habitually chop.
r c f ,i I ^ I do not eat. Ga ke ye.
Thou dost not eat, Ga u ye.
He does not eat, Ga a ye.
It does not eat, Ga e ye.
Ga se ye, etc.
We do not eat, Ga re ye.
You do not eat, Ga lo ye.
They do not eat, Ga ba ye.
Ga di ye, etc.
"tzJ-C V .' I did eat, or, I ate, Ke le ka ya.
Thou didst eat, U Iu na ya.
He did eat. O la a ya.
It did eat, E le ea ya.
Se le sa ya, etc.
We did eat, Re le ra ya.
You did eat, Lo le loa ya.
They did eat, Ba le ba ya.
Di le tsa ya. etc.
In the past tense, dependent sentences have the verb
shortened. Ke le ka mo raea, ka re, I spoke to him, saying,
Ba le ba tla, me ba ya nama, They came, and they ate the
meat.
T v I did not eat, Ga kea ka ka ya.
' ^ ~ Ke le ke se ka ya.
Thou didst not eat, Ga ua ka ua ya.
U Iu u se ka ua ya.
He did not eat, Ga a ka a ya.
A la a se ka a ya,
It did not eat, Ga ea ka ea ya.
E le e se ka ea ya.
O lo o se ka oa ya.
We did not eat, Ga rea ka ra ya
Re le re se ka rea ya,


15
-r
You did not eat,
They did not eat,
I will eat,
Thou wilt eat,
He will eat,
It will eat,
We will eat,
You will eat,
They will eat,
I will not eat,
Thou wilt not eat,
He will not eat,
It will not eat,
We will not eat,
You will not eat,
They will not eat,
I have eaten,
Thou hast eaten,
He has eaten,
It has eaten,
We have eaten,
You have eaten,
They have eaten,
Go loa ka loa ya.
Lo le lo se ka loa ya.
Ga ba ka ba ya.
Ba le ba se ka ba ya.
Ga dia ka tsa ya, etc.
Ke tla ya.
U tla ya.
O tla ya.
Se tla ya, etc.
He tla ya.
Lo tla ya.
Ba tla ya.
Di tla ya, etc.
Ga nketla ke ya.
Ga u ketla u ya.
Ga a ketla a ya.
Ga e ketla e ya.
Ga le ketla le ya, etc.
Ga re ketla re ya.
Ga lo ketla lo ya.
Ga ba ketla ba ya,
Ga di ketla di ya.
Ke yel.
U yel.
O yel.
E yel.
Se yel, etc.
Re yel.
Lo yel.
Ba yel.
Di yel, etc.
The perfect form of the verb is never us?d in negative
sentences.
I have not eaten, Ga kea ya.
Thou hast not eaten, Ga ua ya.
He has not eaten, Ga a ya.
It has not eaten, Ga ea ya.
We have not eaten, Ga rea ya.
You have not eaten, Ga loa ya.
They have not eaten, Ga boa ya.
Ga dia ya.
I have not (yet) eaten, Ga ke e se ke ye.
Thou hast not (yet) eaten, Ga u e se u ye.
He has (not (yet) eaten, Ga a e se a ye.


16
It has not (yet) eaten,
We have not (yet) eaten,
You have not (yet) eaten,
They have not (yet) eaten.
Ga e e se e ye.
Ga le e se le ye, etc.
Ga re e se re ye.
Ga lo e se lo ye.
Ga ba e se ba ye.
Ga di e se di ye.
I am eaten,
Thou art eaten,
He is eaten,
It is eaten,
We are eaten,
You are eaten,
They are eaten,
Kea yewa.
Ua yewa.
Oa yewa.
Ea yewa.
Loa, yewa, etc.
Rea yewa.
Loa yewa.
Baa yewa.
Dia yewa, etc.
I am not eaten (at all)
Thou art not eaten,
He is not eaten,
It is not eaten
We are not eaten
You are not eaten
They are not eaten
Ga ke yewe.
Ga u yewe.
Ga a yewe.
Ga e yewe.
Ga se yewe, etc.
Ga re yewe.
Ga lo yewe.
,, Ga ba yewe.
Ga di yewe, etc.
I am not eaten (not been eaten), Ga kea yewa.
Thou art not eaten, Ga ua yewa.
He is not eaten, Ga oa yewa.
It is not eaten, Ga ea yew^a.
Ga lea yewa, etc.
We are not eaten, Ga rea yew a.
You are not eaten, Ga loa yew a.
They are not eaten, Ga baa yewa.
Ga dia yewa, etc.
I would or should eat, Nkabo ke ya.
Thou wouldst or shouldst eat, U kabo u ya.
He would or could eat.
It would or should eat,
We would or should eat,
You would or should eat,
They would or should eat,
I would not or could not eat.
Thou wouldst not or shouldst not eat, U kabo u sa ye.
He would not or should not eat, O kabo o sa ye.
It would not or should not eat, E kabo e sa ye.
We would not or should not eat, He kabo re sa ye.
O kabo a ya.
E kabo e ya ; Se kabo se ya.
lie ka bo re ya.
Lo kabo lo ya.
Ba kabo ba ya ; Di kabo di ya.
Nkabo ke sa ye.


17
You would not or should not eat, Lo kabo lo sa ye.
They would not or should not eat, "Ba kabo ba sa y.
Di kabo di sa ye.
I would or should have eaten, Nkabo ke yel.
Thou wouldst or shouldst have eaten, U kabo u yel.
He would or should have eaten, O kabo a yel.
It would or should have eaten, E kabo e yel *
SSe kabo se yel.
We would or should have eaten, Re kabo re yel.
You would or should have eaten, Lo kabo lo yel.
They would or should have eaten, Di kabo di yel;
Ba kabo ba yel.
I would or should not have eaten, Nkabo ke se ka ka ya.
Thou wouldst or shouldst not have eaten, U kabo u se ka ua
ya.
He would or should not have eaten, O kabo a S3 ka a ya.
It would or should not have eaten, E kabo e se ka ea ya Le
kabo le se ka lea ya.
We would or should not have eaten, Re kabo re se ka ra ya.
You would or should not have eaten, Lo kabo lo se ka loa ya.
They would or should not have eaten, Ba kabo ba se ka baa
ya; Di kabo di se ka tsa ya.
I can or may eat, Ke ka ya *, Nka ya.
Thou canst or mayest eat, TJ ka ya.
He can or may eat, O ka ya.
It can or may eat, E ka ya Se ka ya.
We can or may eat, He ka ya.
You can or may eat, Lo ka ya.
They can or may eat, Ba ka ya ; Di ka ya.
I cannot or may not eat, Ga nkake ka ya.
You cannot or may not eat, Ga u kake ua ya.
He cannot or may not eat, Ga a kake a ya.
It cannot or may not eat, Ga e kake ea ya;
Ga se kake sa ya.
We cannot or may not eat, Ga re kake ra ya.
You cannot or may not eat, Ga lo kake loa ya.
They cannot or may not eat, Ga ba kake ba ya.
Ga di kake tsa ya.
Eat thou, U y.
Eat ye, Yan Lo y.
Let me eat, A ke y.
Let him eat, A a y.
Let it eat, A e y.
Let us eat, A re y.
Let them eat A ba y.
B


18
Do not thou eat, U se ye ;
U se ka ua ya.
Do not ye eat, Se yen ;
Lo se ye.
Let me not eat, A ke se ye.
Let him not eat, A a se ye.
Let us not eat. A re se ye.
Let them not eat, A ba se ye.
Notes on the Vehbs.
Perfect.The perfect form of the verb, as well as the pas-
sive, etc., is for the most part formed according to certain
general rules; but the exceptions are many, and can only be
learned by practice.
The most general rule for forming the perfect is that final
a changes into He, Rata, Ratile. There are some changes
which are found in almost all verbs of the same formation;
though the exceptions are so- numerous that it is difficult to
frame rules that will include all. The following may be re-
garded as general rules, the exceptions appearing, for the most
part, in the vocabulary.
Verbs ending in sa change into sitse, Hosa, Hositse.
Those ending in ara change into ere, Chwara, Chwere.
Those ending in nya change into nts. Henya, Hents.
Those ending in ana change into anye. Tlhabana, Tlha-
banye.
Those ending in la change into etse. Clnvanla, Chwa-
netse.
Those ending in anya change into ants. Lekanya, Le-
kantse.
Some verbs having the same termination form the perfect
differently. Ala, Adile; Cohala, Cohetse; Ithwala, Itliwele;
Ila, Iditse; Sila, Sidile; Gama, Gamile; Kgama, Kgame;
Raea, Reile: Tsamaea, Tsamaile; Hea, Hile; Bula, Budile;
Dula, Dutse; Bna, Bon ye; Kgna, Kgonne; Gotsa, Gotsitse :
Botsa, Boditse.
Some verbs form the perfect irregularly. Ya, Yel ; KgOra,
Kgotshe; Nwa, Nol; Shwa, Shule.
A few verbs have the perfect in two forms. Cwa, Cwile,
Dule.
Verbs whose vowels are long generally have those vowels
shortened in the perfect. La, Loile ; Kgna, Kgonne.
Passives.As a rule, the passive is formed by changing
final a into wa, iwa, or ewa. Rata, Ratwa ; Ha, Hiwa; Ya,
Yewa.
In some cases a change takes place also in the consonants
which precede the final vowel. Ala, Aywa; Itsa, Idiwa.


19
Verbs ending in ma change ma into nwa. Eoma, Roiiwa;
Kama, Kanwa.
Verbs ending in pa change into cwa. Kopa, Kocwa; Bipa,
Bicwa.
Some verbs -with the same termination form the passive
differently. Baea, Bwa: Bolaea, Bolawa.
Some verbs have the passive in two forms. Kgatlha, Kga-
tlhwa, Ivgatlhiwa; Kgwetsa, Kgwecvva, Kgwediwa.
Secwana verbs have certain formations which are not
found in English. The most common of thes3 have been
called the Causative, the Relative, the Reciprocal and the
Reflective.
The Causative is generally formed by changing the final a
of the verb into isa. Rata, Ratisa, Cause to love.
The following are other forms of the causative. Hrsla,
Horosetsa;Rbala, Rbatsa ; Huhana, Huliantsha; Kgaotsa,
Kgaodisa; Ilela, Hetsa; Grga, Gorotsha; Bla, Bodisa ;
Bna, Bonesa; Opla, Opedisa ; Itse, Itsise ; Taboga, Tabosa,
Bolola, Bolotsa.
The Relative is generally formed by changing final a into
la. Roma, Romla, to send for. The chief exceptions to this
rule are verbs which end in sa and change into setsa. Thusa,
Thusetsa.
Verbs ending in tsa somtimes change into letsa. Bitsa,
Biletsa.
The Reciprocal is formed by adding nya or na to the final
a, Thusa, Thusanya ; Rata, Ratana, love each other.
There is sometimes a slight elision. Raea, Raana, Say to
each other.
The Reflective is formed by prefixing i to the verb. Thusa,
Ithusa, Help oneself.
There are sundry euphonic changes involved in the forma-
tion of the reflective. Beta, Ipheta ; Hara, Iphara; Dihla,
Itihla; Godisa, lkgodisa ; Loma, Itoma ; Sega, Itshega ; Sira,
Itshira.
The Interrogative form of the verb is indicated by a at the
beginning of a sentence. A u tla ya, Shall you eat? Will
you eat? A ga u ketla u ya? Will you not eat?
In negative sentences, present tense, open vowels lose the
open sound, Ga ke ba bone, I do not see them.
Adverbs, Prepositions, and Conjunctions must be sought in
the vocabulary.




PART I.ENGLISH-SECWANA
Abase, to. Kgbalatsa; katisa.
To abase or humble oneself,
ikobobetsa.
Abate. To decrease, ntlahala;
to subside, nobla.
Abdomen, an. Mpa.
Abhor, to. Ila.
Abide. To continue to be, nna;
to build, aga; I will abide
there for the winter, ke tla
nnla mariga gna.
Ability. Nonoh.
Able. To be or become able,
nonoha; to cause to be able,
nonotsha; to be able for, nono-
hla; he is able, o nonohile.
Abode, an. Bonn. A house,
ntlo.
Abolish, to. Nyeletsa.
Abominable. Makgapha; ilga.
Abominate, to. Ila.
Abomination, an. Bomashw.
Something repugnant to; moi-
la, pi. meila, seila ; something
very bad, makgapha.
Abort. To abort before foetus
is formed (of a woman), pho-
tsa; (of an animal), chologa.
To abort after foetus is formed
(of a woman), hetlwa; (of an
animal), liolotsa. The woman
is about to abort, mosadi oa
hetlwa; she has aborted, o
lietecwe.
Abortion, an. (Human), phe-
tl; (animal), pholodish.
Abound, to. Kktlgcla. To
be rich, huma; to become
abundant, tlotlahala; to in-
crease, tota.
About. Concerning, ga, kaga;
about him, kaga gagw. All
the people were about three,
batho botlhe e ka ne e le
bararo; they were about twelve,
di ka ne di le 12; they were
about twenty men, ba ka ne e
le e le banna ba le 20; to be
about to do, batla; he was
about to die, o la a letse loa
go shwa; when he was about
to arrive, e rile ha o tla tloga
a grga; when he was about
to kill, e rile ka a tla bolaea ;
he spoke about where he should
be, o la a bua kaga kwa o tla
nnaii gna; it is as though
God were about to do so, go
chwana yaka Modimo o tla diha
yalo; to go about, or round,
dikologa; to be about, or sur-
round, dika.
Above. Godimo; godimo ga.
He is above all, o godimo ga
botlhe; above his head, kwa
godimo ga tlhg ea gagw;
above or on the house, mo
godimo ga ntlo ^ above all
things, or greatm* than all
things, bogolo go dil cotlhe ;
far above all things, kwa godi-
modimo ga dil cotlhe, kwa
kgakala godimo ga dil cotlhe.
Abreast. To be side by side,
bapa; to be abreast of him, go
ba pa na; to keep oneself
abreast of him, go ipapisa na.
Abridge, to. Khutsahatsa.
Abroad. To be noised abroad,
tuma.
Abrog ate To abrogate a treaty,
golaganolola; to abrogate in
law, laolola.
Abruptly. Ka choganeco.
Abscess, an. Tlhagala; ntb.
See Swelling. To open an ab-


scess, ara; to make a largo
opening in an abscess, arola;
abola; to close up, as the
opening of an abscess, kliumo-
kla; to reopen a closed ab-
scess, rokolola^
Abscond, to. Nwga.
Absent. He is absent, ga a ee;
he was absent, o la a see;
they are absent, ga ba ee ; ba
seed; to absent or -withdraw
oneself, ikutla; to be absent
for a long time, nwalala.
Absorb. To absorb, as a sponge,
hupa.
Abstain. To restrain oneself,
ithiba; to abstain from, ithiba
mo; to avoid doing, ikha ; to
shrink from doing, or shirk;
itsemeletsa.
Abstract. To take out, ntslia;'
to abstract a part, as of money,
nobetsa.
Abstemious. To be abstemious,
go ithiba mo diyon.
Abundance. Letltl; botlal.
Abundant, or plentiful, as pro-
visions for a big feast, mara-
garaga, maanyaanya.
Abundantly. Ka maanyaanya.
Abuse. Abuse or blasphemy,
kgal; angry abuse, or railing,
kman; to scold, manya,
gobola, kgalemla; to abuse
him, motgobolla; to abuse
violently or blaspheme, kgala;
to treat badly, dihla mash we.
Abyss, an. Molete, molete o o
senaii botlhatshe.
Accede. To agree, dumla.
Accept. To receive, chola,
amogla; to take, tsaea.
Acceptable. To be acceptable,
or pleasing to, tsalaba, nate-
hla; to be acceptable, or
welcome, lebosga; things
which are acceptable to God,
dil tse di lebosegen mo
Modimon.
Accident. By accident, ka
lechocha.
Accidentally. Ka lechocha.
22
Accommodate. To help, thusa.
Accompany. To go with, ea le ;
to go a little way with, when
starting on a journey, buledisa ;
helegetsa; to accompany on a
journey, pata; he is accom-
panied by, o patilwe ke; to
accompany in an inferior
capacity, bopla; to compel an
animal to accompany others,
kgokgwetsa; to cause to ac-
company, patisa.
Accomplish, to. Dihabatsa.
To be, or become accomplished,
dihahala.
Accord. To agree together,
dumalana, dumlana; with
one accord, ka bon we lila
yoa pelo, mmg.
According to. Kaha, followed
by nouns and verbs ending in
n. According to his will, kaha
thaton ea gag we, kaha go
raten ga gagw; according to
what he has done, kaha o
dihilen ka gna.
Account. An account, or reck-
oning, pal; on account of,
ka, ka ntlha ea; an account,
or story, poll; to account,
or regard as, kaea; to give an
account of oneself, ikarabla;
on this account, ka mou; to
give an account, or relate,
bolla.
Accoutre, to. Tlhmla.
Accumulate, to. Kokotletsa.
To gather, phutha; to heap
up, kola; to be accumulated,
phuthga, koga.
Accurate. He is accurate in
work, o maatlametlo.
Accurateness in work, maa-
tlametlo.
Accursed, to become. Hu-
tsga.
Accusation. A false accusation,
pateleco; a written accusation,
lokwal loa molato; to bring
an accusation, pga molato j
naea molato.
Accuse, to. Naea molato, bala


molato, pcga molato. To accuse
falsely, pateletsa, raraan-
yeletsa, tlhabeletsa; to accuse
or criminate eacli other, go-
bana; he is falsely accused, o
lomgllwa hela; to accuse
of, naea molato kaga; they
will accuse him to the chief,
ba tla mo naea molato kwa
kgosin; things they accuse
you of, dil tsa ba lo naeafi
molato kaga cna; he was
accused, o la a pgwa molato.
Accustom,to. Tlwaetsa, lematsa,
lamatsa.
Accustomed. To become ac-
customed, tlwaela, lamala,
itma, lemala; I atn accus-
tomed, ke tlwaetse, etc.; they
are accustomed to prayer, ba
lemaletse thapl; they are
not accustomed to the laws,
ga ba lemalele mela; he is
accustomed to teach them, o
tie a ba rute; he was accus-
tomed, o tla a ba rute. In this
form the vowel accents dis-
appear from the verbs; i.e.,
lie is accustomed to arrive
there, o tie o gorogele gna;
they were accustomed to help
their father, ba ne ba tie ba
thuse rra bna; he was ac-
customed to receive, o na a
tla a chole; he who is accus-
tomed to evil, eo o itlwaetseii
boshula.
Ache, an. Botlhoko. Tooth-
ache, motlhagare ; stomach-
ache, kgadikg; to have a
stomach ache, gadikga; to
have headache, cwa ke
tllig; I have a headache,
ke cwa ke tlhgo.
Achieve. To do, diha.
Acid. Botlha. Very acid, mo-
tsarara.
Acknowledge, to. Ipobola;
ipolla.
Acquaint. To tell, bolla; to
cause to know, itsise.
Acquaintance. Those who are
their acquaintances, ba ba
it sail yen nab.
Acquainted. He was acquainted
with him, o la a itsanya na ;
o la a mo itse ga,l.
Acquiesce, to. DumMa.
Acquire, to. Bna. To acquire
by trade, bapala.
Acquit, to. At-lhola. He has
acquitted him, o mo atlhots ;
he is acquitted, o atlhocw;
he was acquitted, being one of
two contending parties, o la a
atlhoga; to set free, golola;
to decide a cause in favour of,
atlholla.
Acuoss. To lie across, rapalala;
to stretch, or cause to lie across,
rapalatsa; to come across, or
meet with, rakana le; to lay
across, as a bird the sticks ot*
its nest, phekagauya; to go
across a path, or the country,
kgabaganya, rapalala; to lie
across a country, as a wall,
rapama le lehatslie.
Act, to. Diha; an act, tih.
Action, an. Tih.
Active. Bonak; tlhaga; bo-
bb. To be active in doing
one work quickly after another,
tlabaka; to make active, tlha-
gahatsa ; he is active or sharp,
o phetakapeyana; an active,
or sharp one, phetakapeyana.
Acute. Of a pain, thata; acute
or sharp, bogale.
Adage, an. Seane.
Adams apple. Kodukma; kg-
gya.
Add, to. Oketsa. To add to,
oketsa; to add to for, okeletsa;
to add to, piece by piece,
tlhomlla; to add to, or
lengthen, tlhomaganya; to
add up, phutha; they will be
added to you, Lo tla di okele-
diwa; he added to them, o la
a ba oketsa.
Adder, an. Seleka. A snake,
nga ; a puffadder, lebolobolo.
Addicted. He is accustomed


to beer, o tlwaatse boyalwa;
he has a great liking for beer,
o chwakgocw ke boyalwa.
Adding, an. Kokeleco.
Addition, an. Kokeco; koke-
leco.
Address. To speak to, bua le.
Adhere to, to. Matama;
matarla; kgakgathgla.
Adhesive. See Adhere.
Adieu. Farewell, sala sentl ;
to bid adieu, dumedisa.
Adjacent. To be near, gauhe ;
gauhi; very near, gauchwane ;
to be side by side, bapa.
Adjourn, to. Thinya.
Adjudge, to. Atlhola.
Adjure, to. Ikanisa.
Administer. To serve, dihla.
Administration, an. Tihl.
Admire. To exalt, godisa; to
honour, tlotla.
Admit. To agree, dumla; to suf-
fer to enter, leseletsa go tsna.
Admonish. To reprove, bula.
Adopt. To adopt a child, godisa;
to adopt another calf when
one is dead ; lomglwa; lom-
gllwa.
Adoption. A receiving, chol;
the spirit of adoption, mea
oa bonwana.
Adore. To bow down to, ba-
mla.
Adorn, to. Kgabisa. To adorn
the body, kgabisa mraele; to
adorn for, kgabla.
Adorned, to be. Kgaba.
Adulterate, to. Peka.
Adulterer, an. Mogokaliadi;
seaka; segoke.
Adulteress, an. Moakahadi;
seaka.
Adultery. Kgokahal; boaka.
To commit adultery, gokahala,
akahala, diba boaka ; to crawl
towards, with a desire to com-
mit adultery, batla; a child
of adultery, or one supposed
to be suffering through the
adultery of its mother, iiwana
oa diphacane.
Advance, to. Cwllapele. An
advance ; bocwllpele.
Advancement. Bocwllpele.
Advantage, an. Tshit.
Adventure, to. Phaphauletsa.
Adversary, an. Moganetsi ;
mmaba.
Adversity. Distress, Tlall;
poverty, khumang.
Advice. Kgakolol.
Advise, to. Gakolola.
Advocate, an. Mmueledi. To
advocate, or represent a cause,
bulla.
Adze, an. Petl. To work with
an adze, betla; a chip made
when working with au adze,
sebetlla.
Afar. Kgakala. To stand afar
off, mla kgakala.
Affable. Bori.
Affair, an. Tih ; modih ;
kgetse, from Dutch idiom.
Affected. To be impudently
affected, pelega.
Affectedly. Ka peleg.
Affection. Lorat.
Affiance. See Betroth.
Affirm. To say, raea; to estab-
lish, tlhmamisa.
Afflict. To oppress, bogisa ;
to trouble, chwenya.
Affliction, an. Pogish; chwe-
ny.
Affright. To cause to fear,
boitsha, boihisa; to startle,
chosa.
Affront, to. Bka.
Affronted. To become af-
fronted, bkga.
Afoot. Ka dinao.
Aforetime. Pele.
Afraid. To be, boilia, rrga ;
to make afraid, boihisa,
boitsha.
AFREsn. Sesha. Again, ba,
gap.
After. Morag. After that,
morag ga mou ; after he had
done so, a sena go diha yalo,
a sena a diha yalo, a semana
a diha yalo; after the custom,


kalm mokgwen; after his de-
parture, sehularon sa gagw;
shortly after you left us, he
came here, e bile u sena go re
tlogla, a sala a tla mono;
after the carrying away captive
to Babylon, kwa morag ga go
isiwa Babelona; after those
days, malatsi au a sena go
heta; after the temple was
again built, tempela e sena go
ba e agwa; after one another
up to six, monwe ha morag
ga eo monwe go hitlhla kwa
go oa borataro; a little while
after, moragwana, moragwa-
nyana.
Afterbirth. See Placenta.
Afternoon. Maitsiboea; mo-
tshegare oa maitsiboea; mai-
tseboea; maitsiboa. Just after
midday, molebla; to start in
the afternoon, fiba.
Afterwards. Morag ; nama;
kgabagare. We shall afterwards
hear, re tla nama re utlwa;
things which will afterwards
come to pass, dil tse di tla
namafi di dihahala; he was
afterwards hungry, a nama a
utlwa tlala.
Again. Gap; ba; hla. He
will again refuse, o tla ba o
gana ; he again denied, a hla
a latola; we have again come,
re bile re tsile; it is again
written, go bile go kwadilwe ;
we shall again be hearing, re
bile re tla nna re utlwa; where
shall I meet you again? kea
bo ke tla kpana nau kae ?
again and again, ganwe le
gap.
Against. Kgatlhanon le, book-
word. To be over against, go
lebagana le; to be, or blow
against, go tlhabaganya le; I
am against him, or opposed to
him, ke mana na; to sin
against God, go leolila Mo-
dimo.
Age. Bogolo. His age, bogolo
yoa gagw; he is of age, or
grown up, o godile; before
they were thirty years of age,
ba le ba e se ba nne bogolo yoa
dinyaga di le 30; he was
ten years of age, o la a le
bogolo yoa dinyaga di le shom;
a bo a le dinyaga di le shome ;
when I came to the age of
understanding, e rile ke cwa
motho; from age to age, mo
tshika tshikefi; an age or time,
motlha.
Aged, to become. Cohala.
Agent, an. Agent (hybrid). A
worker for, modihedi.
Agitate. Stir up, hudua, kgo-
bera; shake about, as water,
cubua, kgba.
Agitated. To be agitated or
troubled, huduga; to be agi-
tated by startling news, go-
shma.
Aggravate, to. Rumola ; shua.
Ago. Some time ago, malba ;
fourteen years ago, nwaga ono
e le oa bo 14; long ago,
bogologolo; very long ago,
bogologolo tala ; he came long
ago, ga a bolo a tla; they did
this work long ago, ga ba bolo
go diha. tih e; a short time
ago, malba.
Agony. Tlall.
Agree. To agree together,
dumlana, dumalana, la goii-
we; they agreed with him,
ba le ba dumalana na, ba le
ba golagana na; to agree to
do a thing, go ea sep seiiwe ;
to agree after a quarrel, agi-
sana.
Agreeable, to be. Nateha.
To be agreeable to, natehla,
tsalaba.
Agreement, an. Kgolagan;
kglagan ; klagan; tuma-
lan. To make an agreement,
golagana, glagana, klagana.
Aid. Thush. To aid, thusa.
Atl. What ails him? o dihe-
tsen ? go ntse yaii nao ?


26
A nr, to take. Kaea. To aim
at, kala; to miss the aim,
hosa; to aim at or attempt,
leka.
Air. Wind, pheli; open space
in the sky, loapi; atmosphere,
mea; to spread things out to
air, aia; to go out into the
fresh air, as a sick person,
iphokaphokisa.
Alarm, to. Chosa; tlhaga. An
alarm, or loud shouting, mo-
kgosi; to be alarmed, tlhagga.
Alas! au! aua!
Albino, an. Leshwah.
Alkrt. See Active.
Alien, an. Moeii.
Alienated. To become, enhala.
Alight. Hologa; pagologa.
Alight as a bird on a tree, dula;
alight as vultures on the ground,
wa.
Alike, to be. Chwana. They
are alike, ba chwana ; they are
just alike, ba chwana chwana
hela; to be equal, lekaua;
alike in appealance, teban,
tebagan, inaLtbagan.
Alive, to be. Tshela. He is
alive, or he still lives, o sa
tshedilc.
All. Tlhe, added to the parti-
cles. All people, batho botlhe ;
all names, maina aotlhe; all
things, dil cotlhe; all customs,
mekgwa eotlhe ; is this all ? a
ke ena eotlhe e? a ke shna
shotlhe se ? etc.; are these
all ? a ke bna botlhe ba ? etc.;
all, or the whole, gotlhe ; it is
all the same, gonwe hla ;
there was no food at all, go le
go sena diy dip ; they are
not all, ga di cotlhe ; that is
all I know, ke gna mo ke go
itsen; that is all, ke gna
gotlhe ; all but, see Almost.
Allay. To allay or pacify, koko-
betsa.
Allege, to. Raea.
Allegory, an. Sechwanch.
Alliance, an. Kgolagan, kg-
lagan. To enter into an alli-
ance, golagana, glagana.
Alligator, an. Kwna, kwena.
Allow. To permit, leseletsa;
to admit, dumla; allow me,
ntesa; allow me to speak,
mma ke bu ; nketla ke bu;
allow oneself, iteseletsa ; itesa.
Allure. To tempt, rala ; to
entice, hpa.
Almighty, the. Mothatietlhe;
mothatieotlhe; mothatiesi.
Almost. See Nearly.
Alms. Kac, pJ, dikac; leac,
2>l.maac. To give alms,acwa ;
to give food, ha; to give
things, naea, thusa.
Alone or Only. Si or osi affixed
to the particles. I alone, nna
ka nnosi; he alone, na esi;
thou alone, wena wesi; they
alone, bna bbsi; these things
alone, dil tse ka cosi; I shall
go away alone, Ice tla tsamaea
ke le nosi; his will alone,
that ea gagw eosi; some-
thing or somebody standing
alone, setlhoka ; he was alone,
o la a le esi; to leave alone,
lesa; to go about alone,
kalaotega.
Alongside. To be, or to go
alongside, ikama, ipapatha;
to go alongside, or near to
the sea, go ipapatha le lewatla.
Aloof. To stand aloof from
them, cma ha go bna,
itemolola.
Already. Le yana. Already
ye are filled, lo setse lo kgotshe.
Also. Le gna; ba; bile. The
ox also, kgomo le ena; the
man also, monona le ena; the
dogs also, dinca, le cna; I
also, le nna; she is also
married, o bile o nyecwe; he
heard, and he also went away,
a utlwa, a ba a tsamaea ; they
also went on seeking, e bile ba
ntse ba senka; I saw a boat,
and a house also appeared, ka
bna mokr e bile ntlo le ena


27
e bnala ; when lie stood up to
read, lie also taught, eare ha a
ma go bala, a bile a ruta ; we
thank, we also beg, rea leboga,
e bile re kopa.
Altar, ax. Aletara (hybrid).
Alter, to. Hetola. To alter
ones mind or purpose (for a
good reason), hetoga, thinya;
(for no reason at all), tlhanoga;
to alter knowingly and pur-
posely what one has heard,
when relating it, pipietsa; to
alter or adjourn the time of a
meeting, thintsha pic.
Altered, to become, or changed,
hetoga; to become different,
chwanologa; it has its brand
altered, e tlogile mo lochwaoii
loa ena.
Altercation, ax. Kgafi.
Alternate, to. Hapaana. To
cause to alternate, hapaanya.
Although. Lelia.
Altogether. Gotlhe. Alto-
gether they were ten, ba le
mmg ke leshom.
Always. Gal ; ka gal. It is
always, or still lacking, lo sa
ntse lo tlhkahala; we are
always, or continually cheated,
re ntse re tsiediwa.
Am. I am here, ke hano; 1 am
a stranger, ke le moen; ke
inoen ; I am buying, ke ntse
ke rka; I am not buying, ke
ntse ke sa reke.
Amass, to. Phutha.
Amaze, to. Tseanya; gakga-
matsa. To become amazed,
tseana; silohala.
Ambassador, an. Moronwi.
Ambiguously, to talk. Bua ka
thell.
Ambition. Boikgodish.
Ambush, an. Tall. To lie in
ambush, lalla; to discover
people in ambush, kwaa.
Amiable. Bori.
Amity. Tetlany.
Ammunition. Ditlhatllil.
Among. Gare; mo; mo gare
ga. Among men, gare ga
batho, mo bathuii; among
them all, gare ga bna botlhe,
mo go bna botlhe.
Amongst. See Among.
Amputate, to. Kgaola.
Ancestors. Bngolo.
Ancients. Ba bogologolo.
And. Me; le. And he said,
me a re ; a man and a woman,
monona le mosadi; he will be
called and told, o tla bidiwa a
ba a bolllwa ; it is killed and
eaten, se bolailwe, se be se
yewa; he who ploughs the
garden and herds my cattle, eo
o leman tshimo ea me le go
disa dikgomo tsa me; it was
he who was grown up and
married, e le e le na eo o
godilen, a bile a nyetse; did
we not eat and drink ? a ga
rea ka ra ya, ra ba ra nwa P I
saw a boat, and a house also
appeared, ke le ka bna
mokr, e bile le ntlo e bnala.
Anew. Sesha; gosha.
Angek. Bogale; bocarara;
kgakac; kgaleh; chakgal.
Angle, an. Lenya.
Angry, to become. Galeha;
gakatsga; shakgala. He is
angry, o bogale; he was angry,
a na bogale, a tuka molelo ; to
make angry, galetsha, sha-
kgatsa; to be angry with,
galehla, tukla; to be angry,
or indignant, gakala; to be
very angry, shakgala; angry-
looking, brtl.
Angrily. To speak angrily,
kgalema; to speak angrily to,
kgalemla; to contend angrily,
shakgala; to look angrily at
him, go mo dilola.
Anguish. Tlall; mannnii;
manononono.
Animal. A living thing,
setshedi, se se tshedilen; a
large, powerful animal, seka.
A wild animal that has hoofs
like a goat is designated a


phlhl j one with paws is a
sebatana; and the latter are
usually ravenous.
Ankle, an. Legwele. An ankle
joint or bone, legweyana.
Annihilate, to. Nyeletsa. To
destroy thoroughly, lakaila,
laila.
Announce, to. Bolla.
Annoy, to. Tlhodia; gadika.
Annoyed, to be. Tlhodiga.
Annually. Ka nwaga nwaga.
Anoint. To anoint the body,
tlla, tlotsa; to anoint or
smear things, tshasa; to
anoint with much fat, hma;
to anoint oueself, itlotsa;
anoint your head, u itlots
tlhg.
Anointed, to be. Tlodiwa. An
anointed one, motlodiwi.
Anointing, an. Tloco.
Another. Nwe affixed to the
particles. Another word, lehoko
ye lenwe; another person,
motho co monwe; another
path, tsela e nwe; another
name, or a different name,
leina le sele; another or a
different path, tsela e sele.
Answer, an. Karab ; phetol.
To answer a person calling or
speaking, araba; to answer a
letter, hetola; to answer for
oneself, ikarabla; to answer
back when spoken to angrily,
bushulosa; to refuse to answer
a question, khutlogcla poc;
to refuse to answer when
called or spoken to, iba ditsb.
Ant, an. Choshwane. A white
ant, troublesome in houses,
motlhwa,f>i. metlhwa ; a white
ant that eats grass, lesetlhaoka,
pi. ma; small red ant, sing.
and pi., lorwe; venomous
black ant, ntlopane ; common
red and black ant, choshwane;
flying ants, used only in the
plural, dikokobele; swarm of
small ants, moshweshwe;
larvae of white ant, nthlwa;
young white ants, sing, and
pi., bokuduba, a queen ant,
seboko, kgosi.
Ant-bear, an. Thakadu.
Ant-eater, an. Thakadu.
Ant-heap, an. Seolo. A small
pipe in an ant-heap, lecolo; a
large pipe in an ant-heap,
motlhblk.
Antelope. See Buck.
Anus, an. Sebono. The inner
part of an anus, kutukw.
Anvil, an. Patol.
Anxiety. Tlall; tlhodig.
Anxious, troubled thought,
motlo.
Anxious, to be. Tlhodiga;
Tlallwa. To be troubled in
spirit, rekisga; to be anxious
or desirous, tlhologllwa ; I
am anxious to see you, ke
tlliologelecwe ke go gu bna.
This form is only used in cases
where the thing or person
desired has been seen before.
To have anxious and troubled
thought, go yewa ke motl ;
to be anxious for or about,
tlalediwa.
Any. Nwe affixed to the. par-
ticles. Any person, motho
monwe; any time, in negative
sentences, motlha op; not at
any time, motlha op; ka
motlha op ; any more, or any
longer, tlhla, tlhole; he
was unable to lift his staff any
longer, o la a retellwa ke go
tlhla a clioletsa molamu oa
gagw; they do not speak any
more, ga ba tlhole ba bua ; he
did not speak any more, ga a
ka a tlhla u bua; any other
oath, ikan nwe e sele.
Anybody. There is not any-
body in the house, ga go na
op mo tlun.
Anything. Senwe; in negative
sentences, sep. Have you
found anything ? a u bonye
senwe ? I have not yet found
anything, ga ke e se ke bone


sep; anything else, senwe se
sele ; in negative sentences,
sep se sele ; anything particu-
lar, or such and such a thing,
selblb.
Anywhere. Bokaekae; kwa
bokaekae.
Apart. See Alone.
Ape. A baboon, chwene.
Aperture. See Hole.
Apex, an. Ntlha.
Apologize, to. Ikwatlhaea;
kopa boichwarl.
Apoplectic. He has had an apo-
plectic stroke, o shule mohama.
Apostle, an. Moapstoloi
(hybrid).
Apothecary, an. Modihamere.
Appal, to. Boihisa ; boitslia ;
rra.
Apparel. Diapar. To dress,
apara.
Apparent. It is apparent that,
etc., goa bnala ha, etc.
Apparition, an. Sedimo.
Appeal. To appeal or pray,
rapla; to appeal to, ipiletsa ;
an appeal or prayer, thapl;
an appeal or request, tp.
Appear, to. Bnala; setoga.
To appear, or come into view,
thunya, kwetoga; to appear
suddenly, photsega; to appear
unexpectedly, dimologa; to
appear among people no one
knows how, noiiwala; to
appear above the surface or
peep out and disappear again,
unya; to appear or peep,
kukunya; to appear to him,
mo senogla; to cause to
appear, bnatsha, bontsha;
to cause to appear, or come
into sight, kwetola.
Appearance, an. Pnal. Simi-
larity in appearance, teban,
tebagan; of a number, male-
bagan.
Appearing, an. Pnatshg.
Appears. It appears as though,
go ntse yaka.
Appease. To pacify, kokobet3a;
to silence, didimatsa; to make
a noisy child silent, kgaodisa.
Appetite. Hunger, tlala; desire,
keleco; a depraved appetite,
bonoii; to whet the appetite,
ntaea mathe.
Applaud, to. Baka; bka.
Apple, Adams. Kodukma;
kggya.
Apply. To give oneself to,
inla; to apply again and
again, boabola.
Appoint, to. Laola. To estab-
lish, tlhmamisa.
Apprehend. To perceive, lemoga;
to seize, chwara; to bind,
golga.
Apprentice. An old colonial
apprentice or slave, lekgba.
Approach, an. Kataml. To
approach, atamla ; to approach
in numbers, ologla ; to ap-
proach in a direct line, siamla ;
to approach stealthily, or by
stooping, ratla, kukuna; to
approach and spread out, as an
attacking force, akametsa ; to
approach by creeping or crawl-
ing towards, gagabla; to ap-
proach, or be approaching from
a distance, kwetga, kwetoga,
ketoga.
Appropriate. To take, tsaea;
to be appropriate or fitting,
chwanla.
Approve. To agree with,
dumalana le ; to like, rata.
Approved, to be. Leboscga.
An approved one, moleboscga.
April, the month or. Kgwedi
ea moranan.
Apron. Skin worn by women
in front, khiba; skin worn
behind, moses; strings hang-
ing in front, lokgabe, pi. ma.
Apt to teach. Secwiriri mo go
ruten.
Arbitrate, to. Atlhola. Arbi-
trate in favour of, atlholla.
Arbitrator, an. Moatlhodi.
Arched, to become. Kokorala.
It is arched, e kokoretse j to be


drawn up like an arch, gaba-
lala.
Ardent, to be. Tlhaliala.
Ardour. Tlhahal.
Are. Are you ill ? a ua bobola ?
these thiugs are so, dil tse cli
ntse yalo; all hearts are evil,
dipelo cotlhe di boshula; they
are not all, ga di cotlhe; you
are our friend, u tsala ea
chona; those who are not with
us, ba ba seeoii le rona ; those
who are his servants, bua la e
len batlhanka ba gagw ; they
are not his servants, ga se bna
batlhanka ba gag we ; they are
as if they thought, ba ntse
yaka ba gopots; they are
helped, baa thusiwa; those
-which are they, ba e len bna;
liorns are made (usually) into
spoons, dinaka di tie di dihwe
dinch; they are no longer
twain, ga e tlhole e le bobedi;
they are many, ba bantsi.
Argue, to. Busabusanya; tsaea
kgafi.
Argument, an. Kgan. There
is an argument, go kgan.
Arise, to. Coga; tloga;
nanoga; manologa. To arise
early in the morning, cogla,
phakla, tlhagga ; I arose
early to go there, ke le ka
cogclla gna; to arise against,
cogla; to cause to arise, cosa.
Arithmetic. Aritmtik (hybrid).
Arm, an. Lecg, pi. mabg.
An arm or side stream of sea
or river, lecg; to lift up
ones own arm, ikgoletsa
lecg; to lift up the arm of
another person, goletsa lecg;
to raise the arm, as if about to
strike, eka ; to carry under an
arm, kwaa; to draw in the
arm, gona lecg.
Armadillo, an. Kgaga.
Armed. An armed man, mo-
tlhomedi; he was armed, o la
a tlhometse.
Arms. Mabg. To fold the
arms, ichpara; to hold fast
with arms round, gamutlha;
to fill the arms full, or have
them full of things, kamakama;
to receive with open arms,
atlarla; to stretch out tlie
arms, phatlalatsa ; to raise the
arms above the head, tlhama-
latsa ; to fold the arms round,
or embrace, kampa; to throw
out the arms as when one is
startled, or as a person in a
faint when sprinkled, hahama;
arms, or weapons of offence,
dibola; arms, or weapons of
defence, dihem.
Armour. Dihem. To put on
armour, tlhmla; to take off
armour, tlhomola.
Armpit, an. Legwaha.
Army, an. Ntwa. An army of
enemies, dira ; the wing of an
army, lonaka; main body, or
centre, tsimcga; to gather an
army from ones own people,
phutha ntwa; to obtain an
army from an ally, pa ntwa.
Arose. See Arise.
Around, to go. Dikologa;
dika. All around, tikologon ;
to sit or stand around, dikanya;
to sit or stand around a fire,
dikanyetsa molel.
Arouse. To cause to arise,
cosa; to startle, chosa.
Arrange, to. Rulaganya.
Array, to. Kgaba.
Arrive, to. Hitlha. Reach the
end of a journey, grga ; to
cause to arrive, gorosa; to
arrive before another, having
taken a different route, raka;
to arrive together by different
routes, rakana; to arrive at, or
in, hitlha mo ; they arrived at,
or reached him, ba le ba hitlha
kwa go na; to arrive at Tauii,
grga kwa Taun; to arrive
one after another, hitlhalana.
Arrival. Kgrg. Time of
arrival, bogrg.
Arriving. To be constantly


arriving as parties at a pic,
lemga.
Arrogance. Boikgodish.
Arrow, an. Mocwi; mocu, Int.
To prepare a poisoned arrow,
hma; a notch or nick in an
arrow, senya; small iron tip to
a bushmans arrow, tlhagare.
Art. Bocwiriri.
Artery, an. Losika, pi. di-
tsliika.
Artful. Matsefcselekwe.
As. Yaka. While, ka; as re-
gards, kaga ; as it were, ekete,
ekote; as though, yaka ekete;
as, or when, they went away,
ba le ba re ba tsamaea; as, or
when, he sowed, o rile a yala;
as the days of Noah were, go
etsa yaka metllia ea ga Noe e
le e ntse.
Ascknd, to. Tlhatloga. To
climb, palaina.
Ascent. An .ascent or place of
ascent, botlhatlog; a steep
ascent, mokofi ; a sandy ascent
or slope, lerotobolo.
Ascertain. To ask, botsa,; to
hear, utlwa; to ascertain the
facts in reference to a doubtful
or disputed matter, tlhotlho-
misa, botsisa.
Ashamed. To be ashamed,
tlhaywa ke ditlhofi; to make
ashamed, tlhabisa ditlhofi; to
be confused with shame, sho-
shobaganwa ke ditlhofi; to be
ashamed of, tlhaywa ke ditlhon
kaga.
Ashes. Molra. Hot ashes,
thura, kupa.
Aside. To go out of a path,
hapoga; to go away from
others, ipeola; he went aside,
a ea thok; he took them
aside, a ba itscla thok.
Ask. To enquire, botsa; to beg,
kopa ; to ask a person questions
so as to try him, opotsa; to ask
many questions, or cross-ex-
amine, botsa katloku; to ask
each other, botsanya; ask
about, or enquire into, botsisa;
he will be asked about the
child, o tla bodiwa nwana; he
will ask about the child, o tla
botsa kaga nwana; I will ask
about it, ke tla se botsa; ask
from him, mo lpa; ask a
favour for oneself, itpa; I ask
to go, kea itpa go ea; ask or
enquire for the man, u botse
monona ; I will ask or enquire
of them, ke tla ba botsisa; they
asked each other questions, ba
le ba botsisanya.
Aslant. To be, or to lie aslant,
phekama.
Asleep. He is asleep, O ro-
betse; to discover game asleep,
kwaa.
Asperse, to. Pateletsa.
Ass, an. Esela (hybrid). An ass
colt, eselana.
Assassinate, to. Bolaea ; khi-
cla; bitila.
Assault, to. Tlhasla. To
storm, phomgla ; to rush
upon, phagla; an assault,
tlhasl.
Assesihle. To assemble people,
phutlia ; to assemble or be as-
sembled (of people), phuthga ;
to assemble in large numbers,
kkwana, beletliana, bolo-
kana; they assembled there,
ba le ba kkwanlagna; they
assembled to hear, ba le ba
phuthgla go utlwa; to be
assembling, as a crowd, lemga.
Assembly, an. Phuthg. A
political assembly, pic.
Assent, to. Dumla. To as-
sent by noddiug the head,
goma ka tlhg.
Assert, to. liaea.
Assign, to give. Naea. To
place for, bla.
Assist, to. See Help.
Assistance. Thush.
Associate. To be friendly,
tsalana; to go together, tsa-
maalana.
Assort, to. Tlhaola; tlliOpha.


32
Assuage. To pacify, kokobetsa.
Assume. To exalt oneself, ikgo-
disa.
Assure. To tell, bolllaj to
cause to trust, ikantsha.
Assuredly. Ka mmanete. To
know assuredly, itsetsa rure.
Astonish, to. Gakgamatsa;
kgakgamatsa. To be aston-
ished, gakgaraala, kgakga-
mala; it is astonishing, goa
tseanya; ke se se gakgamatsan;
to be astonished at, gakgama-
lla; to be open mouthed with
astonishment, atlhama.
Astound. To terrify, rra; to
astonish, gakgamatsa.
Astray, to go. Timla. To
lead astray, timetsa; he has
gone astray, o timetse, o ile
seholia.
Astringent medicine tor
sores. Molem o o phapha-
1 at sail dinth.
Asunder. To cut asunder, ha-
tola; to part asunder, or be-
come split up, tstsrgana,
tsatsaragana; to fall asunder,
as a broken pitcher, salalagana;
to pull asunder, phatlola; to
cause to part asunder, tstscr-
ganya, tsatsaraganya; to part
asunder, as water, kakabolola ;
to become parted asunder, ka-
kabologa; it is split asunder,
e kgaoganye ka legare.
At. Kwa; ha. At once, ka
gonwe; at, or 011 my first
answering, mo go ikarabeii ga
ntlha ga me; at night, ka
bosigo; at mid-day, ka mo-
tshegare; he arrived at the
town, o la a grga kwa mo-
tsin.
Athirst. See Thirsty.
Atmosphere. Mea. Wind,
pheh.
Atone, to. Leha; ruana. To
atone for, lehcla.
Atonement, an. Thuan;
thuany.
Attack, to. Tlhaslaj phomc-
gla; phaglla. To join in
attacking, la moshwiyane ; to
attack, or rush upon, gasgcla.
Attain. To arrive at, hitlha mo
Attempt, to. Leka. An at-
tempt, tek.
Attend, to. Tlhkmla; la
tlhk.
Attention. Keltllik. To
pay attention to, tsaatsia; at-
tention tsaantsia! to call at-
tention to, or point out, shu-
petsa.
Attest, to. Sliupa.
Attire, to. Apara. Clothes,
diapar.
Attract. To draw, gga.
Auction. To sell by auction,
shwantisa (hybrid).
Audacious, to become. Kga-
kgahala. He is audacious, o
makgakga.
Audible, to be. Utlwala.
Auger, an. Phtlhla.
August, the month of. Kgwedi
ea phatwe.
Aunt. A mothers elder sister,
mmamogolo; a mothers
younger sister, mmanwana;
a fathers sister, rakgadi.
Austere. An austere person,
motho eo o senan pelo, motho
eo o senan mahoko.
Author. A beginner, mosimo-
lodi; a pioneer, mothobolodi;
a writer, mokwadi.
Authority. Taol. To speak
with authority, as the ruler of
a feast, rra; to give him
authority over, mo naea taol
mo.
Autumn. Goetla.
Avail. To be able, nonoha.
Avaricious. Segagaru j sega-
gapa.
Avenge, to. Busholosa. To
judge and decide for, atlholla;
I will avenge this act, ke tla
busholosa tih e; to avenge
oneself upon or for, ipusholo-
setsa; to avenge, or judge for,
skla; I will avenge this


33
person, ke tla busliolosetsa
motho eo; I was avenged by
this person, ke le ka busholo-
scdiwa ke motho eo.
Avenger, an. Mmusholosi.
Aversion, an. Tlh. To re-
gard with aversion, tlha.
Avkrt. To avert the face as in
shame, sliosbobaganya seha-
tlhg.
Avoid, to. Tila. Avoid a mis-
sile by stooping or moving
aside, ribla; to move out of
the way, thiboga; to pass by
at a distance, kgetla.
Await. To watch, leta; to ex-
pect, leblla.
Awake. To awake of oneself,
tsitsboga, thanya; to awake
and perhaps fall asleep again,
kubuga.
Awaken, to. Kubula. To a-
rouse, cosa.
Award, an. Katlhol. To give
an award, atlhola.
Aware. To know, itse; be
. aware of the people, lo itis
mo bathun.
Awe. Terror, tlircg; fear
poih.
Awful. That which is fearful,
se se boitshcgan.
Awhile. A time, lobaka; a
little time, lobakanyana.
Awkward. Boatla. He is awk-
ward, o matlhgl.
Awkwardness. Botlhglc.
Awl, an. Thok.
Axe, an. Selp. A straight-
handled axe, or chopper,
sekgb ; a battleaxe, chaka.
B
Babble, to. Balabala; ithatha-
tha; bra ; pptla. -A babble,
as when several are talking to-
gether, kb; there arose a
great babble, ga coga kebc-
kb.
Babbler, a. Mmalabadi.
Babbling, a. Palabal.
Baboon, a. Chwene. A small
baboon, chwenyane; to talk
as a baboon, kgalema.
Baby. See Infant.
Bachelor. An unmarried per-
son, kgpe.
Back, a. Motlhana. To keep
back, see Keep ; to set up the
back, as a dog about to spring,
kokrga; to lie on ones back,
tlhanama; tlhanama ka mo-
tlhana, kanama; to put a
person to lie on his back,
tlhanga; to carry on the back,
kaba; to turn the back upon,
hularcla; to walk with bended
back, as through weakness or
age, gogorala; to bend the
back in bowing down, inama;
a back to a form or seat,
moikag; to lean back, as in
sitting, ikaga.
Backbite, to. Sba; nla;
sgtlha.
Backbiter, a. Mosebi.
Backbone, a. Moktla; mo-
kokotl. A piece of the back-
bone with flesh on, mokt;
letlhtlhl ; bone at the ex-
tremity of a backbone, moku-
kutli ; a joint in a backbone,
lelokolol ; a bone between the
joints of a backbone, nokwane.
Backwards. To go backwards,
bola kwa morag ; to jump
backwards, as in avoiding some-
thing, tila; to step backwards,
kata ka morag.
Bad. Nasty, leshw, mashw,
boshula; evil, boshula; it is
bad, go mashwc; to become
very bad or incurable, as a
sickness or sore supposed to
have been caused by contact
with a menstrual woman,
gatega.
Badly. To do a thing badly,
kgometlia, tlamaklla, tlha-
tlharapa; he sews badly, oa
roka digwara; badly made
garments, diapar tse di ronan.
Badger, a. Lenyedi.
o


34
Bag, a. Kgetse. A small bag
made of one skin, kuana,
kua.no ; a small bag or satchel,
sakliwe, tkcl, patana,
kgwatlha; a bag for medicines
or charms, moraba; a small
moraba, morabana; a large
skin water bag, sepak; a
small skin water bag, mohal,
2il. me.
Baggage. Tlioto, dithoto.
Bake, to. Besa.
Balance, a. Selekany; sekale
(hybrid). To make equal, le-
kanya.
Bald, lie is bald, o -maliatla ;
they are bald, ba maliatla; one
who is baldv monwe eo o ma-
liatla; to make bald, by cutting
or shaving off all the hair,
chemola.
Baldness. A part destitute of
hair or wool, logwete.
Balk, to. ^ Palela. To be
balked, pallwa
Ball, a. Thele; Kgolokwo ;
Kolokwe. A little ball, kolo,
kgolokwane, kolokwane ; a
ball of hair found in an ani-
mals stomach, thele ; to
make, or roll into a ball, go-
loka.
Bamboosk, for milking in, a.
Kgaml.
Band, a. Sehap; sebh. A
thick sinew, or band, of the
body, mosiha.
Bangle. See Ring.
Banish. To drive away, llka;
to expel from home or country,
hudula, hudutsha.
Bank. An ascent, botlliatlog ;
a steep ascent, mokon; a de-
scent, boholog ; a gradual
descent, mokgokolosa; an ab-
rupt descent, mokodumetsa; a
step in a bank, lomcana; the
edge of a bank, losi, pi. din-
tshi.
Baobab tree, a. Mowana, Int.
Baptist, the. Mobapetisi (hy-
brid).
Baptize, to. Bapetisa, (hybrid);
to sprinkle, kgatsha ; to make
wet, kolobetsa.
Bar. Piece of wood, logon;
piece of iron, tshipi.
Barb. Kobo. A barbed spear,
lerum ya kobe; barbed spears,
marum a dikobe.
Bare. Lohorotlo. A bare open
space, loboa; a small bare
space, sebaa; a bare place with
hair or wool off, logwete; she
bare a child to this man, o la
a tsala le monona eo nwana.
Barefooted. To go about
barefooted, shakaila; they are
barefooted, ba sa rwala di-
tliiako.
Bareheaded. They are bare-
headed, ba sa rwala mo tlliogon.
Bark. To bark, or bark at, as
a dog, bogola; the bark of a
twig, bolcta; the outer bark
of a tree, lekwati; a strip of
white, inner bark, used as a
rope, kgobata ; inner bark,
chewed and used for string,
lodi, pi. dinti; to strip off
bark from a tree or twig,
huma, kwatabolotsa, kwato-
bolotsa; to cut bark off trees
with a hatchet, etc., obola ; to
become pulled or stripped off,
as bark, oboga.
Barn, a. Ntlo ea polokl ; po-
lokl; bobolokl. To gather
into a barn, rorela mo polo-
kelon.
Barrel, a. Sliwako (hybrid) ;
the barrel of a gun, lopo ea
tlhbl (hybrid).
Barren, or Barrenness. Bo-
opa. A barren man or woman,
moopa, pi. baopa; a barren
animal, inoreba, pi. me; a
barren womb, sebopl sa
boopa; a barren cow, often
with a bull, setetwa; she was
barren (of a woman), o la a le
moopa ; to become barren or
impotent, opa.hala ; lie is im-
potent, o opahetse; to be bar-


35
rcn (of cattle), iiopa, fiopana;
to doctor a barren woman, bo-
hlcla.
Barrier. A stoppage, sekhutl.
Base. Base things, dil tse di
nyatsgaii ; rubbish, matlaka-
la ; to be despised, nyatscga.
Bashful. Masisi. To be bash-
ful, eisimoga.
Basin, a. komeke (hybrid). A
washing basin, setlhapl.
Bask. To bask in the sun; sc-
kamla.
Basket, a. Seroto. A small
basket, serctwaaa; a flat bas-
ket, for winnowing, loscl ;
very large basket, with small
mouth, for corn, sesigo; a bas-
ket for dust or dirt, segoba,
Int.
Bastard, a. Nwana oa dikgora;
iiwana oa boaka, pi. bana ba
dikgora; bana ba boaka.
Bat, a. Mamathwane, pi. bo-
mamatliwane. To bat an eye
or eyelid, bonya; to bat the
eyes or eyelids, bonyabonya.
Bathe. To swim,sapa; to make
wet, kolobetsa; to bathe, or
foment with hot water, apaea
ka metse a bothitli, thba.
Battle, a. Tlhaban.
Battleaxe, a. Chaka.
Battlements.. Walls, dithak;
buildings, dikag.
Bawl, to. ^ Gw tla.
Bay, a. Nonti. A bay horse,
pitse e khunou.
Be, to. Nna. It shall be, go
tla nna ; be ye not, lo se nne ;
he who can be foolish, eo o ka
unan bosil; he shall be loved,
o tla ratwa; if the children be
beaten, e ka re ha bana ba
bediwa; be it not so, a go se
ne yalo, a go se tualo ; let us
be, etc., a re nc, etc.; be thou
among us, a ko u nn5 mo go
rona.
Beach, a. Lotshitshi. Sand of
a beaoh, moshawa.
Beacon, a. Bakon (hybrid).
Bead, a. Segaga; segalia; se-
baga. A long string of beads,
lotlawa, lellawa; strings of
beads round the loins, lotlawa,
letlawa; a short string o E beads,
lotlawana, letla wana ; neck-
lace of hanging beads, lotla-
wana ; to striug or thread
beads, liololla; to work beads
into patterns, gomaj a bead
ring, see Ring.
Beak. A birds or a ducks beak,
molomo.
Beam. A cros3 beam, or pole,
mosipori.
Bean, a. Nawa. A kind of
underground bean, tloo; bean
of a plant, used for coffee,
tshidi, thamane; a pod of a
bean, lekape.
Beak. To carry, rwala; blcga;
to endure, boga; to cause to
go, isa; to forbear, iphapaanya;
to bear a burden, bclcga; to
bear with or endure, ichka;
to bear or carry on the back,
kaba; to bear up or carry on
outstretched hands, lglcla;
to bear patiently with, ipha-
paanya le; to bear each others
burdeus, chodisanya mekgwe-
lc; to bear fruit, uma, unwa;
to bear, or bring forth, sec
Bring forth; shewillbeara
child to this man, o tla tsalale
monona eo nwana; she will
bear thee a child, o tla gu
tsalla nwana.
Beaud. A mans beard, todu;
a goats beard, seledu; he is
bearded, o ditedu ; to cut or
trim ones beard, ipeola.
Bearer, a. Mmelegi, pi. babe-
legi; morwadi, pi. bar wadi.
Beast. A wild animal having
hoofs, phllil; a wild ani-
mal having paws, and generally
ravenous, sebatana.
Beat. To beat or punish when
standing, betsa ; to beat or
punish when lying down, kgwa-
thisa; to be beaten standing


36
up, bediwa; to be beaten, or
become beaten, lying down,
kgwatha ; to beat severely,
seola; to beat very severely,
totoula, seolaka; to beat hard
with one stroke, kanya, ribola;
to beat witli a gentle knock,
khwanya, rwanya; to beat, or
slap, with the hand, bata,
baila; to beat a drum, letsa
moropa; to beat on the head
with a stick, etc., gatla, rutha;
to beat to pieces, or splinters,
lokotla; to beat very severely,
with a stick, or open hand,
papatsba; to beat much or
hard, with a downward move-
ment, tlatsea; to beat off or
shake off, tlliotlhora; to beat
out dust with stick or hand,
phua; to beat or thresh, plio-
tha; to beat, as a heart, or ail
inflamed wound, papa ; to
beat- slightly, popoa ; to beat
out iron, as a smith, tliula ; to
beat out so as to sharpen, as a
spear, etc., batola; to beat a
tree or bush, so as to remove
thorns or leaves, goba; to beat
hard with a stick, setla ; to
beat, or knock about with the
lists, uba, tebla; to beat or
knock about much with the
fists, ubula, tebelaka; to beat
off a calf when milking, ktln.;
to beat the ground with tail,
as a bewitched ox, tuba; to
beat back, as a rock water,
kgapha; to be beaten back, as
water against a rock, kga.phc-
ga.
Beating. A beating, standing
up, pec, titc ; a beating,
lying down, kgwathish.
Beautiful. Ntl, following the
particles. A. beautiful child,
fnvana eo montle, or, as would
be better, iiwana eo mo ntlo;
a beautiful tree, setlhare se
sentlc ; how beautiful the
woman is, mosadi o montl
yan! to become beautiful,
ntlahala; to make beautiful,
ntlahatsa.
Beauty. Bontl.
Became. See Become.
Because. Gonne; ka gonn;
ka ntlha ea gonne; ere ka;
gobo ; ka gobo. It is because,
era gonne ; because of me, or
for my sake, ka ntlha ea me ;
because of that, ka ntlha ea
mou ; because it is wisdom,
gobo e le botlhale; because of
my going, ka ntlha ea go ca ga
me.
Beckon, to. Gwtlha ; gwaea.
lie beckoned to him, a mo
gwtlha.
Become. To be becoming,
chwancla; he will become a
teacher, o tla cwa moruti; he
became a teacher, o la a cwa
moruti; this became known,
mo go le ga itsiwe ; command
that these stones become bread,
raea mayo a a hctog dinkgw;
this frock does not become
you, moses eo oa gu rona ; it
becometh me, or it is fitting
for me, kc chwanetse.
Becomingly. Ka chwanl.
Bed. A mattress, or skin for
sleeping on, phat, seal; a
sleeping place, bola ; to go to
bed, rbala; a nursery or seed
bed, lekedi.
Bedaub, to. Tladika.
Bedinge. See Indent.
Bedclothes. Kob, pi. dikob.
Bedroom, a. Ntlo ea borbal.
Bedstead. An iron bedstead,
seal sa ditsbipi; a wooden
bedstead, seal sa dikgon ;
dikgon tse di ulwafi.
Bee, a. Ntsi ea dinose ; nt^i ea
dinotsbe. A mason-bee, nUi
ea pudumo; bees, dinose; a
swarm of bees, motshitslii oa
dinotsbe; cement used by bees,
sekan ; a bees nest in the
ground, mosima ; a bees nest
in a reek, logagaj beeswax,
masite.


37
Beef. Nama ea kgomo.
Beefsteak, a. Legopl.
Beer. Boyalwa, pi. mayalwa.
Kind of weak beer, letin;
honey beer, kgadi; fermented
beer before cooking, tlliama;
beer before it is properly
cooked, serobo ; to make much
beor, ratliola; a large vessel
for cooked beer, tsaga; a small
vessel for cooked beer, mota;
a large beer cup, phaha; a
small beer cup, phahana.
Beest or Beestings. Kgatsel.
Beetle, a. Khukhwane. A
large scavenger beetle, khukhu;
a small scavenger beetle,
khukhwane; a large coloured
beetle, kgaladua; a large black
beetle with yellow marks, se-
rotMakgaml ; a large fat
beetle with horny neck, setoto-
yane; small corn-eating beetle,
photonono; small flat beetle,
eating fruit and green corn,
mogolagan ; a night screech-
beetle, sekkwalala; a nasty
smelling beetle, podile; a string'
of beetles worn 011 the neck of
a child whose brothers and
sisters have died, dikgmana.
Befall, to. Dihala.
Befit, to. Chwanla.
Befitting. The frock is not befit-
ting to her, moses oa mo rona.
Before. Pele; ha pele ga; e
se. Before we eat, re e se re
ye; before the house, ha pele
ga ntlo; to be before another
in doing or saying, raka; be-
fore, or a little way in front,
ha pelenyana; before the time,
e se e ne motlha.
Beforehand. Go sale gal.
Beg. To beg from or of, kopa,
lpa; to pray, rapla; to beg
earnestly, kktlla, to beg
from one another, legalga; to
beg humbly or piteously, tlhou-
nama ; to beg of or from hum-
bly or piteously, tlhounamla;
we beg from God, rea lpa
Modimo ; he came to beg a
child from me, o la a tla go
ntpa nwana ; he begged from
them, o la a ba kopa; to beg
for oneself, itpa.
Beggar, a. Mokopi. A fawning
and whining beggar, motlhou-
uamla.
Beggarly things. Dil tsa le-
huma.
Begged. That which is begged,
mph.
Begin,to. Simolola. To begin
a new work, thobolola ; to be-
gin again, or resuscitate, co-
sholosa.
Beginner, a. Mosimolodi.
Beginning, a. Tshimolog.
From the beginning, mo tshi-
mologon.
Beguile. To deceive, tsietsa;
to entice, hpa.
Behalf. In your behalf or
place, mo boemon yoa gago.
Behead. Go kgaola tllig.
They beheaded him, ba le ba
mo kgaola tlhg.
Behind. Morag; kwamorag.
Far behind, moragrag ; to
go behind, dika ; pta kwa
inora.g ; behind the house,
morag ga ntlo; kwa morag
ga ntlo ; to follow behind, go
sala morag.
Behold, to. Bna; leba. Be-
hold bna! Behold ye b-
naii they were beholding afar
off, ba lebile ba le kgakala.
Behove. See Fitting.
Being. It being, e be e le ; ea
bo e le ; it not being, e be e
se; by being with him, ka go
nna nae; it being, or it was,
an ox, ea bo e le kgomo; the
work which is being done, tih
e e ntsen ea dihwa.
Beker, a. Beker (hybrid). The
handle of a beker, mokgothi.
Belch, to. Kgobola. To belch,
and seem about to vomit, as
a dog, behoga; that which is
belched, makgobol.


38
Belief. TumM.
Believe, to. Dumla. To be-
lieve in everything one lieaiv,
ekaekcga.
Believer. Modumedi. A be-
liever in everybody, maherg.
Bell, a. Tshipi. To ring a bell,
letsa tshipi; to sound, as a
bell, lela.
Belladonna Plant, the. Mo-
rola. Fruit of a belladonna
plant, thola, pi. dithola.
Bkllied. A full, or large bellied
person, secoinpa.
Bellow. To bellow as an ox,
lela ; to bellow as a bull, bpa ;
to bellow much, as a. cow leav-
ing her calf, belebetlga ; to
bellow or scream, as a, dying
animal, bklla ; to bellow, or
scream, over the offal of a
dead animal, bklla moshwafi.
Bellows. A pair of bellows,
mmuba, particle o, pi. meuba ;
to blow the bellows, ubla
mmuba.
Belly. Part below the navel,
mpa ; between navel and breast
bone, lobala; in the belly, mo
mpen; to have pain in the
belly, gadikega; pain in the
belly, kgadikg.
Belongs. This knife belongs to
me, thipa e ke ea me ; that
which belongs to me, se e len
sa me.
Bicloved, to be. Ratega. He
who is beloved, eo o ratgan;
my beloved, moratwi oa me ;
inoratwa oa me.
Below. Kwatlhatslie; tlhatshe
ga.
Belt, a. Moitlam; moitlesi.
The belt which supports the
tshega, monape.
Belted. As an ox, tshega; as
a cow, tshegana.
Beltong, strips of. Digwapaj
mekgoii.
Bench. A seat, setul.
Bend. To bend over, or down,
actively, 6ba; to bend the head
low, as an untrained ox in the
yoke, tna, tnaka; to bend
or force back, as a book cover,
pena; to bend the legs out
slightly at the knees, kuba
manle; to bend the knees
slightly, as in holding a shield,
kubga inafile; to be bent
out, or curved much, as legs, tla-
tlarala; to be bent, or crooked, k
kgopama; to cause to bend, or
curve, or make crooked, kgopa-
misa; to bend, or press in, as
a soft hat, kuba ; to be bent,
or bowed dow'n, as growing
grain, konama ; to become
bent, as a man with chest
thrown forward and head
thrown back, or as a polo
bent forward in the middle
and backward at the top,
menyama ; to be bent over or
down, okga; to be bent back,
penga; to become bent or
bowed down, hutagana; to
bend, or bow down, liutaganya ;
I am bent by sickness, ke
hutagancwe ke pobol ; to be-
come bent, or doubled up, as
lingers from sickness, kgr-
pana ; bent, as a sickle,
kggrp; a bend or curve
in a. pole, semene ; a bend or
turn in the rocks of a kloof,
segr ; a recess at the bend of
a river or hill, nonti; land at
the bend of a river, seodi.
Beneath. See Below.
Benefit, to. Thusa. Abenefit,
thush; to receive mutual bene-
fit, amogana.
Benumbed. Setlashu
Bereave. To deprive of, tlha-
kola ; to rob, thukhutlia.
Bereft, or stripped bare. Loho-
rotlo.
Berry. Of moretlhwa bush,
tlhetlhwa; of motlhaye bush,
motlhaye; of seringa tree, mo-
rolana; of hakdoorn, sekgalo ;
of morola, thola; sun-dried
ditlhetlliwa berries, cliwabi ;


39
ditlhetlliwa berry or berries
dry oil bush, lomama; a pre-
sent of berries, mokome; stone
or pip of a berry, thaap.
Beseech. To pray, rapla; to
importune, kktlcla.
Beset. To cleave to, naparcla.
Beside. To be beside oneself,
or mad, tsnwa.
Besides. More than, bogolo go ;
outside of, kwa ntl ga.
Besiege. To invest or surround,
nnla seduledi; they besieged
the town, ba lo ba nnla motsc
seduledi.
Besom, a. Lohl.
Bespeak. To bespeak a thing,
and have it put on one side,
blla.
Best. That which is best, se
se molem bogolo; se se ntl
bogolo.
Bestow. To give, naea; to
divide for, a.bla.
Bet, a. Bclan. To bet,
blana; I will bet with this
man, ke tla blana lo monona
eo.
Betray, to. Oka. To betray
each other, kana.
Betrayal, a. Kk ; mk.
Betrayer, a. Mooki.
Betroth, to. Blla. To be or
become betrothed, bllwa;
she is betrothed to Joseph by
the parents, o beelecwe Yosefe ;
she is betrothed by Joseph, o
beelecwe ke Yosefe.
Betrothal. An ox killed by
boys friends at betrothal,
mokwele; food provided by
girls friends, serwala.
Better. To excel, sita; to re-
cover from sickness, lila ;
better than, molem bogolo go ;
he is better, as after sickness,
oa lila; o bonye lobaka; o
botoka; it would have been
better for this person, go ka bo
go le molem mo mothun eo;
a better hope, cholohl e e
gaisan; the sickness is better,
or has diminished, pobol e
kokotsegile.
Between. Gare ga. A go be-
tween, motsiriganyi.
Beware. To look to oneself,
iteba; to take care of oneself,
itisa ; to beware of people, or
look out and avoid them,
tlhaleha bat ho ; beware ye of
the scribes, lo n tlhaga mo
bakwadin j to beware of, or be
011 ones guard against, itisa mo.
Bewildered, to be. Akabala.
Bewilderment, a. Kakabal.
Bewitch, to. La, hpha. To
have power to bewitch, as an
animal that beats the ground
with its tail when lying down,
tuba, tiba; to have power to
bewitch, as an ox that bellows
much without cause, or drinks
its own urine, tlhla.
Bewitched, to be. Loesga.
He is bewitched, o loesegile ;
ba mo yesitse mokaikai; ba
mo loile ; a bewitched person,
mokaikai; a bewitched or be-
witching animal, setlhodi.
Bewitciier, a. Moloi; seliph.
Bewitching. The bewitching
power of an animal, etc.,
botubi, botlhodi. *
Bewray, to. Senola.
Beyond. The other side, moseya,
boseya; beyond, or 011 the other
side of Jordan, moseya oa
Yoredan; moseya ga Yoredan ;
boseya yoa Yoredau ; to go
beyond, or jump over, tlola;
those who are beyond them,
ba ba ba potileii ka kwa; in
going beyond this, mo go
hetisan mo.
Biijber. A winebibbor, monwi
oa boyalwa.
Bid. To command, laola; to
call to, biletsa; to call, bitsa;
those who are bidden, ba ba
bidicwen ; those who were bid-
den to it, ba ba o bololecweii.
Bier, a. Sechol ; sehata.
Big. Tonna. It is so big (size


being shown), se kana; he is
about as big as he is, o kana
ke na.
Bigamist. He is a bigamist, o
nyet.se lehuha ; she is a biga-
mist, o nyecwe lehuha.
Bigger. He is bigger than I
am, o tonna bogolo go nna.
Bile. Gaumakwe.
Bin. A grain bin made of clay,
sehala; a large wicker basket
with small mouth, sesigo.
Bind, to. Bha ; golga. To
bind about many times, hapaka;
tanta; to bind up, or repair,
mamatllla; to bind or wrap
round, hapa ; to bind to, golga
mo; to bind, or wrap oneself
round, iphapa ; to bind round
the bottom of a roof, or the
top of a lolwapa, balla; to
bind oneself round, or gird
oneself round, or gird oneself,
ikwakwala; ikkwala.
Bird, a. Nnyane. The various
birds must be sought under
their different names, as dove,
hawk, etc. A young bird, or
nestling, lempho, lemphor-
wana, lenchorwana ; to run
round a bird in order to detain
and kill it, cua; nest of a bird,
setlhaga ; egg of a bird, 1 eeypl.
mae.
Birdlime. Bolecwa.
Birds. To drive up birds in a
cloud, kuulola; to rise up in
a cloud, as a drove of birds,
kuuloga.
Birth, a. Botsal. To give
birth (of a womanl, blga ; to
srive birth in a stooping posture,
khubama; elga ; to give birth
(of an animal), tsala; the cow
will give birth, kgomo e tla
tlhologllwa; the cow has
given birth, kgomo e tlholo-
gelecwe; to give birth to a
first-born child, itibola; to
give birth to a very small calf,
nomotsa; to be conscious of
approaching birth, ikutlwa ; to
show signs of being about to
give birth (of animals), dusa, si-
gama ; to help a woman at time
of birth, elegisa; a helper at
time of birth, moelegisi; to give
birth every year (of animals),
tsala moila; to give birth
every other year, or less fre-
quently, tsala kamotshl; state
or time of childbirth, botsetse ;
a birth, or labour pain, motlo-
tsedi; the water at birth, liquor
amnii, lestlha; the dischargo
at birth (human), matshr;
(animals), marmla, marr ;
to cease from discharge after
birth, aloga botsetse; a lying
in after birth, kelam; she is
lying in after birth, o mo tiun ;
sometimes, and vulgarly, o mo
mogocaneii, o mo serubin ; to
come out after childbirth, cwa
mo botsetsin ; very severe pain
after childbirth, molatlhadu-
sliwana ; a place of birth,
botsabl; a place of birth of
dog, lion, etc., sernbi.
Birthday, A. Letsatsi yabotsal.
Bit. A bit, or morsel of food,
thatana, thatanyana; nthatan-
yana; a bit for nose of a pack
ox, made of thong or stick,
mogala, pema; a bit for a
horses mouth, tom (hybrid) ;
not a bit of it! legoka! le bogo-
logolo !
Bitch, a. Nca e namagadi.
Bite, to. Loma. To bite off a
piece, kuma; to bite unripe
fruit, etc., with a smacking
noise, thamutsa ; to bite each
other, lomana; to bite or tear
each other, as dogs when fight-
ing, thataulana; to bite off a
bit of a hard thing, nyna; to
bite or tear off a piece of meat
while holding it in the hand,
buna.
Bitter. To be bitter, galaka;
to become bitter, galakga ; to
cause to become bitter, galakisa ;
it is bitter, se bogalaka; a bitter


41
thing, se se galakan; bitter
herbs, merg e e bogalaka.
Bitterly. Ka bogalaka.
Bitterness. Bogalaka.
Black. Ncho, affixed, to the
particles. Black stones, may
mancho ; a black horse, pitse e
ncho; a black person, moncho,
mohihadu; to become black,
nchohala; to make black,
nchohatsa; black (of cattle),
phihadu, ncho, fem. chwana;
black (of a sheep), pirvva, fem.
pirwana; black (of things),
bohihadu.
Blackness. Boncho; bohihadu.
Blacksmith, a. Mothudi.
Bladder, a. Setlha.
Blade. A hanging blade of corn,
mogwan ; a bladebone, legetla.
Blamable, to be. As a neglect-
ful parent, ktga.
Blame, a. Molato. To blame,
or give blame, pga molato;
naea molato; they will blame
him, ba tla mo pga molato,
ba tla mo nla molato ; to
blame each other, nlana
molato; to blame wrongfully,
siklla; he has no blame, ga
a na molato, o se na molato.
Blanch, to. Sheuhatsa.
Blanket, a. Kob; kombers
(hybrid). A smooth cotton
blanket, lepai.
Blaspheme, to. Kgala.
Blasphemer, a. Mokgadi.
Blasphemy. Kgal.
Blasted. To become blasted,
as corn in the sun, cliubga.
Blaze. See Flame.
Bleach, to. Sheuhatsa.
Blear. To become bleared, or
smudged, as eyes and face
from much crying, kgamatha,
kganatlia.
Bleat, a. Tel; sell. To bleat
as a sheep, lela ; to bleat as a
goat, gvvtla.
Bleed. To bleed by lancing,
sga: to bleed by cupping,
see Cupj to cause to bleed
freely, by cutting open, ikara;
to bleed or ooze out, from an
unseen wound, kga; to bleed
at the nose, dutla mokla; to
bleed from the pores, tshitlha.
Bleeding from mouth or
throat, npe; bleeding from
the noso, mokla.
Blemish. A scar, lobadi; a
deformity, bogl; a speck,
selabe; a fault, molato; a
weakness, boka.
Blesbuck, a. None. A solitary
male blesbuck, sephile ; a troop
of blesbucks, mostlha oa,
dinne.
Bless, to. Tlotla, tshegohatsa,
tshegahatsa, tshegehatsa. He
is blessed, o tsheg, o seg, o
tlhgnl, o ,cheg, o letlh-
gnl; to become blessed,
tshegohala, tlhgnlhala ; to
become blessed, or praised,
bakga.
Blessing, a. Letsheg, letlh-
gnl, tshec?ahac. Let it be
a blessing! a se tie ka
pula!
Blind. To become blind, hou-
hala, hohuhala; I am blind,
ke houhetse, ke hohuhetse,
matlh a me a kalegile; to
make blind, houhatsa, hohuha-
tsa ; a blind person, sehohu;
to walk as a blind person,
paputla; a person blind of
one eye, moitlh; to feel, or
grope, as a blind man, apatla ;
a blind, or cover, sebip.
Blindfold, to. Bipa matlh.
Blindness. Bohohu. To re-
cover from blindness, liouho-
loga; liohuologa.
Blink, to. Bonya.
Blister, a. Leshophi. To blis-
ter, or gall, as a rope the
hand, cliuba ; to raise a blister,
phoisa.
Blistered. To become, phoa;
to cause to become blistered,
phoisa.
Bloated. To become swelled


42
gogomoga; to become swelled,
of a dead body, sekantsa.
Block. A block of wood, mo-
kasa; a chopping block, sebe-
tlla.
Blood. Madi. Boiled blood, or
blood of game mixed with the
viscera, srrg, serobe; a
clot of blood in flesh, letsadi;
a clot of blood, or lump of
clotted blood, leshwele; le-
sliwl ; blood before it is clot-
ted, madia tlhweka; to become
clotted, as blood, tsena; fibrine
of blood, mashwele ; serum of
blood, metse ; a cake of cooked
blood, setau ; blood flowing
out in a jet, madi a losiba;
blood passed in dysentery,
lotede, pi. ditede ; long shreds
of curdling blood, matlhle;
long pieces of blood in severe
lia3inorrhage, matlhle; to have
an issue of blood from the
womb, medibcla; to ooze out
ns blood, kga, tshitlha; to
flow out in a jet, as blood,
sisa; to flow freely, as blood,
thoboga ; to swell through con-
gestion of blood, gamakla.
Bloom. The tree is in bloom,
setlhare se thuntse; the tree
is in full bloom, setlhare se
thuntse thata, setlhare se
tlhakaladitse.
Blossom, a. Sethunya. To blos-
som, thunya.
Blot. Pitil. A spot, selabe ;
to blot out, phimola; to dry up
by using blotting paper, omisa.
Blow. To blow, as wind, hoka ;
to blow as a strong wind,
rutlia ; to blow a fire, bucwla;
to blow a nose, mina; to blow
anything out of the mouth,
kgvva ; to blow, or blow off, or
blow away, with the mouth,
budula ; to blow off to, or into,
with the mouth, budulla ; to
blow against, as a contrary
wind, tlhabaganya le ; to blow
upon, as the wind a person,
kgatsimola; to become blown
about in the wind, as a loose
sail, rurubala ; it is blown about
by the wind, e rurubadicwe
ke pheh; a heavy stroke or
blow, sent ; to parry a blow,
hema; to blow a bellows, ubla.
Blue, or Blueness. Bobududu,
with nouns in me, mebududu.
Blue clothes, dikgai tse di pu-
dudu ; a blue sky, legodimo le
le bududu; light blue, of an
ox, kwebu,fem. kcwana.
Blunt. Boboi. To become
blunt, dilahala; to be blunt,
as a spears point, kuba; the
knife is blunt, thipa e boboi;
thipa e dilahetse.
Bluntness, as a knife, or as
teeth, through eating sour
things, bodila.
Blush, to. Thunya.
Boa-constrictor, a. Tlhware.
Board, a. Lomati. A small
board, lomatsana.
Boast, to. Belahala; tumisa.
To boast of or about, belahala
kaga; to boast in, belahala ka;
to boast or glory over another,
kmakmla; to boast oneself
against, itumisetsa; to boast
over another on account of the
superiority of ones own pos-
sessions, hala; to boast in man,
belahala ka motho; tumisa mo
mothun.
Boaster, a. Mmelahadi, pi.
babel ahadi.
Boastful. To become, belahala.
Boasting, a. Pelahal; itumish.
Boat, a. Mokr.
Bodied. A loose-bodied person,
motho eo o rnmele o metse.
BoDiLY-sriAPE. Sebele.
Body, a. Mmelc, pi. mebele;
in the body, mo mmedifi; a
dead body, sorepa; setoto.
Bodyguard, a. Lekk.
Bog, a. Dicbtla; serrma;
senwedi. Mud or mire, mnra-
garaga; black, peaty soil, bo-
robu.


43
Boil, a. Sesh. A very large
boil, lobotsare; to boil, bela;
to bubble up with noise when-
boiling, kgakgatha; to bubble
up when boiling, biloga; to rise
up and run over when boiling,
liohoma; to sway from side to
side when boiling, herlla;
boiled corn and beans, mixed,
dikgb ; boiled corn alone,
dikgb tsa lohata; boiled
mealies alone, dikgb tsa
mmidi.
Bold. To become bohl, ganka-
hala; he is bold, o pelokgale,
a le pelokgale, o pelokima.
Boldness. Bopelokgale; bope-
lokima; bot.llikapoih.
Bolster, A. Mosam.
Bolt. To fasten, kopla; to
abscond, nwga.
Bondage. Kgolg ; kglg ;
bocliwar.
Bondmaid, a. Lelata.
Bondman, a. Motlhanka; le-
ch war w a.
Bone, a. Lesap, pi. marap.
Backbone, moktla; a collar-
bone, cal; a cheekbone,
phoni; a bladebone, legetla ;
bone of the pelvis, selal ; bone
over and round an eye, kgapa ;
bone between the joints of a
spine, nokwane; bone at the
lower extremity of a spine,
mokukuth; elbow-bone, se-
kgono, segakabaen ; seyabana;
bone in the upper part of arm,
lesap ye legolo ya lecg ; le-
shuhu ; bone in the lower part
of arm, lohare; bone in the
calf of a leg, mom, pi.
memo ; bone of a thigh, lesap
ye legolo ya serope, leshuhu ;
lower bone in the leg of an
animal, mom ; bone above
the morn in animals front
leg, lohare; bone above the
mom in animals hind leg,
monobutsa ; bone of the neck,
kidikidi; small bone between
the eyes, lobolla, lobelela; a
lohare bone when used as a
trumpet, phare ; outer layer of
the head of a lohare bone,
kgola; edible part of ox bone,
leshetlha ; edible part of game
bone, loraga; to pick a bone,
kukona; to sack marrow out
of a bone, mokona; to break or
smash a bone, as in tiring, ko-
mola.
Book, a. Lokwal, pi. di-
kwal; to open a book, p-
tlka; to shut a book, phutha ;
to turn over the leaves of a
book, menolola.
Boom. To boom as a distant gun
or thunder, tiba.
Boon. A gift, n; a good
thing, senwe sa molem.
Boot. See Shoe.
Booth, a. Lb; seb. A
hut made in a garden, mogope ;
a square hut in a garden,
leobo, Int.
Border. A boundary, mole-
lwane ; white edge on a kaross,
peeledi; border of a garden,
marinp, sing, and pi. ; all
the borders, or parts round
about, tikolog cotlhe.
Bore. To bore with a native
tool, htlha; to bore with an
augur, phunya; to bore with a
needle for sewing, tlhaba; to
bore with a needle, etc., so as
to put a thong through, shu-
kula.
Bohn. To be born, of children,
or young animals, tsalwa ; I
was born at Taun, ke le ka
tsallwa kwa Taun, ke tsalecwe
kwa Taun; they were born
there, ba tsalecwe pna; he
was born in this house, o
tsalecwe mo tluii e; who was
born of her, eo o tsecwen ke
na; a firstborn child, nwana
oa moitibol, nwana oa boiti-
bol; a firstborn calf, namane
ea maitibol ; to give birth to
a firstborn, itibola; who is her
firstborn, eo o itibolan ka ua.


44
Boenk. Sbe lias borne a child
to this man, o tsetse nwana le
monona eo.
Borrow, to. Adima. I bor-
rowed a horse from the other
one, ke le ka adima eo monwc
pitse; those who have bor-
rowed mealies from us, ba ba
adimilen mmidi mo go rona ; to
borrow, and use longer than
the stipulated time, hakuha ; to
pass from one to another as a
thing much borrowed, akgan-
wa; a borrowed thiner, leadim.
Bosom. A breast, letsl j a chest,
sehuba.
Both. Bobabedi. Both people,
batho babedi; both laws, me-
lao mebedi; in both of them,
mo go cna copedi; both of
them, ka bobedi yoa bna, bo
babedi; both boats, mekr eo
mebedi; both arms, mabg o
mabedi; both dreams, ditr
copedi, ditr coopedi.
Bother, to. Tlhodia. To dis-
tract, akgaakga; to bother by
asking many questions, or
making many requests, thama-
thamisa; to bother oneself
about, potlaka.
Bothered, to be. Tlhodiga;
akgaakgga. To be bothered
by, akgaakgwa ke.
Bottle, a. Botele (hybrid). A
leather water-bottle, mohal.
Bottom. The bottom of a beker,
pot, etc., marag ; the bottom,
or standing place, in water,
bom; the bottom of a deep
pool, letlhatslie; the bottom
of a hill, to one standing on
the top of it, botlhatshe.
Bottomless. Bosagatwen. A
bottomless pit, molete o o
senan bogat; molote o o senan
bolekanyeco.
Bough, a. See Branch.
Bound. To jump, tlola; it is
bound, e golegilwe ; it is bound
to a tree, o golegilwe mo se-
tlharin.
Boundless. Sedikadiki; sedi-
kwadikwi.
Bountifully. Go le gogolo; ka
botlal.
Bow, a. Bora, pi. mara ; le-
kainphane, Int. To bend a
bow, and fix: the string, laMa ;
to bend a bow by pulling the
string, gokara; to shoot with
a bow, hula ; a bow on a wag-
gon tent to give shade, loriba ;
a piece of wood bent like a
bow, lokoro ; to become bent,
like a bow, korolala; to bend
something into a bow shape,
korolatsa; it is bent like a bow,
e koroletse.
Bow down, TO. ba ; bama;
ikhubga. To bow down to,
bamla; to bow down the
head, ba tlhg ; knatlhg ;
inga tlhg ; to bow down the
whole body, so as to look, oko-
mla; kmla; to bow, or
bend down, knama; to cause
to |bow, or bend down, kna-
misa; to bow down, bending
the neck, bama ; to bow down,
bending the back, inama; to
bow oneself down, ikba; to
bow oneself down to, ikbla ;
to be bowed down, or bent
double, hutagancwe.
Bow-legged, to be. Gba. He
is bow-legged, o digb.
Bowel, a. Lela, pi. mala; a
large bowel, fiati; monp;
mont; the lower bowel, te-
lele; that 'part of the bowel
which descends in dysentery,
kutukw; contents of an ani-
mals bowels, bot ; to press
out the contents of the bowel of
a slaughtered animal, gama; a
piece of a lower bowel prepared
for a head man, mlb ; to cut
off the mlb, lba; the end
of a bowel, eaten by a servant,
lecrwane.
Bowl to. Kokolosa; isa. A
large wooden bowl, mogopo; a
small wooden bowl, mogocana.


45
Box, a. Letlole. A small box,
letloyana; lid of a box, se-
cwal, sekhururul; in a box,
mo letlodin; t j shut a box,
cwala; to box, or strike with
the fists, iiata ka macwele,
kgtla ka macwele.
Boy, a. Mosimane, mosima-
nyana. A kid herd-boy, le-
pempetlhwane; a goat herd-
boy, lekuchwana, lekuru ; a
boy growing up to youth,
lekolwane, lekolwanyane.
Brace. To brace, or gird one-
self up, ikkwacla, ikwakwacla
Bracelet. See Ring.
Brack soil. Lobu. A place in
brack soil where animals lick,
lobu, pi. dimpu.
Braided. A string of braided
bair, lots.
Brains. Bobk.
Bramble bush, a. Mokaikai.
Bran. Mase. Husks from
sieving, matsbctshctli.
Branch, a. Kala. A little
bmncb, kalanyaua; a young
brauch, or sprout, leowela ; a
branch with smaller branched
projecting from it, letlhare ;
to branch off, as veins, merara ;
to branch out, as a cornstalk,
iphara; a branch of a family,
kokomana; branches sticking
out in all directions, ditlha-
tlharapa, matlhatlharapa. No
sintjidar.
Biiand, a. See Mark. Aburn-
ing brand, lobnc.
Brandish, to. Kgatikanva.
Bhandy. Boyalwa, brandevine,
(hybrid).
Brass. Kgtlb. To work orna-
mental work in brass, goraa.
Brave. He is brave, o senatla,
o pelokgale; to become brave,
gaukahala; a brave man, se-
ganka.
Bravery. Bopelokgalc, bo-
ganka, bonatla, botlhkapoih.
Brawl, to. Lwa. Of two per-
sons, lwana*
Brawler, a. Molwi; borumolaii.
Bray. To bray in a mortar,
tlhobola; to bray skins, shuga;
to bray by rubbing between
hands, or tramping with feet,
kgopba; to bray, as an ass,
lela.
Braying, a. Of skins, chug ;
a braying when completed,
chuge; a staff for braying,
titcl; to rub in braying.
See Rub.
Breach. A breach in friendship,
khamolog ; a breach in a wall,
kgr.
Bread. Bogb ; senkgwc;
boroto (hybrid). To rise, as
bread, gogomoga.
Breadth. Boatlham.
Break. To break a stick, rba,
rbaganya; to break a pot,
etc., thuba, thubaganya; to
break a rhiem, etc., kgaola;
to break, or snap, a stick or
branch, iiota, nta, ntlla;
break in pieces, or pound,
thnga; break out in an erup-
tion or rasli, sliwatoga, kgwa-^
thoga, tutumologa, roko-
mologa; to break out, or
through, thba, phutlha;
break a bone, as in shooting
a.n animal, komola; break to
pieces, lokotla; break a law,
tlola; break into a house,
phunya; break in u^on,
pharagatlana, thobeselela;
break away from, or start out,
betsga; break down, as a
wall, thuba ; break up, as a
roof, rutla, rutlolola; break
up, and disappear, as clouds,
or darkness, anoga, tlhasa;
break up, or separate, as a
meeting, lialala ; break up into
parties or divisions, kumaga na ;
break in, or train, as animals,
katisa; break with a molamu,
etc., ranya; break off, as a
pumpkin, bunch of fruit, etc.,
kgomola; break off a branch
at a joint or stem, phalola;


46
break off at a joint, as meat,
lokolola ; break off a twig from
a stump, or out of the ground,
kgetla; break off, leaving a
part remaining in, of a root or
thorn, kgonosetsa; of a cork,
robesetsa; break, or snap a
tightly drawn rhiem, thapola ;
break, or become broken, as a
tightly drawn rhiem, thapoga;
break off a bit, as bread,
etc., natha; break up into
bits, kumaganya, nathaganya,
fiathoganya; break in pieces,
as a pot, etc., tltlraganya;
to break in pieces, or become
broken in pieces, as a pot, etc.,
tltlragana ; break up, or tear
up, as a piece of flimsy paper,
kuma; break off, or fly off in
small pieces, as a hard thing
beaten with a hammer, liaha-
rga, liohorga; break, or
become broken, as a pole, leg,
etc., butlga, sipoga, robega,
kgomga, shuakana ; break off
a piece, as a mason a stone,
kabola; break in, as through
a hedge, thbMa; break
through when surrounded,
and escape, halola, chemoga;
break with a hammer, tliuba
ka nt; break against, as
water against a rock, kgapha-
sla; break down, rntlolola.
Breakfast, a. Sehitlhol. To
have breakfast, hitlhola.
Breast. An animals breast,
and a persons chest, sehuba ;
a womans breast, letscl, pi.
mabl ; a breast destitute ot
flesh, as that of an ostrich,
sekgaraba; to make a clean
breast ot' it, icwa, perf. icule,
anditule; to strike oneself on
the breast, ititaea sehuba;
breasts, mahatlha, Int.
Breastplate, a. Seipheml
sehuben.
Breath. Mca. A deep-drawn
breath through the nose, mo-
shum; to draw a deep breath,
tshegetsa mea; heglwa ; to
be out of breath, or pant,
gelilwa, heglwa, hglwa;
to be out of breath, or tired,
kgathala; to take breath,
sehemola, seliumola, kgwala-
lachwega, liupologa; to re-
cover breath, liupologa; to
blow out breath, budula; he
took breath, as a person after
running hard, a kgwa seche; he
is out of breath through racing,
o hupedicxve ka go siana.
Breathe, to. Ntshamea. To
breathe through the nose,
shuma; to breathe hard, or
pant, heglwa, liglwa, ubuga.
Breathing time, a. Tsehumol.
To give a breathing time,
hupolola.
Breech-loading Gun. Tlliobol
ea gaterelae (hybrid).
Breed. To bring forth,, of
animals, tsala; to increase, ata.
Breeze, a. Pheli.
Brethren. My brethren, or
brothers, bana ba rra echo;
their brethren, bana ba rrab,
bana ba ga rrab ; two brethren
of one father, bannabalebabedi
e le bana ba monnaa le monwe
hla ; brethren or social equals,
bakaulenwe.
Bribe, a. Tucl. To bribe a
judge, ducla tshk.
Brick, a. Lekt; setene
(hybrid). To spread bricks out
to dry, anga.
Brickbat, a. Pbatsa.
Bride, a. Monyadwi; monya-
lwa.
Bridegroom. Monyadi; motsei.
Bridge, a. Borog (hybrid).
The bridge of a nose, mrnp;
to bridge, or join together by
bridging over, lomaganya.
Bridle, a. Dikgic tsa tom
(hybrid). Bridle of a pack ox,
ka; to bridle, or restrain,
kganla.
Briefly. Ka bokhutshanc; ka
bokhuchwane.


Bright, to be. Phatshima;
phatsima. To be slightly
bright, redimoga.
Brightness. Phatsliim; pha-
tsim. A slight brightness,
thedimog; brightness, or
radiance of the rising or set-
ting sun, moran.
Brim. A brim of a cup, etc.,
losi, lotshitshi.
Brimstone. Sulefura (hybrid).
Bring, to. Lere; ketola;
kwetola; tlisa. Bring it here,
e lere kwano, e lovetoll
kwano; to bring for, or to,
leretse ; to bring for, or upon
oneself, iteretse ; bring back,
or cause to return, busa, bosa;
to bring out, ntslia; to bring
up a child, godisa; to bring
forth, see Birth ; it will bring
out a sore on you, se tla gu
ntslia nth ; to bring oneself,
iterc; to bring, or cause to go,
isa; bring home, or cause to
arrive, as cattle, gorosa; to
bring together, or collect,
kgobokanya.
Brink. The brink of a river,
losi, lotsitsi.
Brisket. The brisket of an ox,
bokwena.
Bristle, a. Seditse.
Brittle. Lokhh. Sing, and pi.
Broad. See Wide.
Broil, to. Besa.
Broken. See Break. To be
broken, as a reed, phitsga;
to become broken in, as an ox,
kata; to be brokn, as a rope,
kgaoga; an eruption has broken
out on mc,ke dulwe ke dinth.
Brood, a. Losika. To sit on
eggs, clama; to brood over,
yewake moetlo.
Brook, a. Molacwana; mola-
cana, tacwana, tacana.
Broom, a. Lohl. A bush
resembling the broom plant,
monnatnocwe.
Broth. Mor.
Brother. My elder brother,
nkgonone; nkgolole. Thy elder
brother, mogolo ; hismogo-
lowe; my younger brother,
nnak ; thymonnau ; his
monna we ; a womans brother,
kgantsadi; Simons younger
brother, monna Simon ; their
younger brother, monna oa
bna; a brother, socially,
mokaulenwe.
Brother-in-law. A mans
brother-in-law, if older than
his wife, is the same as bis
elder brother; if younger than
wife, the same as his younger
brother; mogwo 13 a mans
wifes brother and a sisters
husband.
Brotherhood, the. Bokau-
lenwe.
Brought. To be caused to come,
tlisiwa ; there was brought, ga
leriwe; to be brought up,
godisivva.
Brown. Brown, of a sheep,
ntlhwa ; fem,, tlhwana; dark
brown, of ail ox, tokwa; fem.,
tokwaua ; brown and yellow
mixed indistinctly, boramaga.
Browse, to. Hula.
Biujise, to. Tetela; tapcta.
To bruise severely, teketa;
keteka; bruised or broken, as
a reed, etc., phitsega; lie is
bruised, o teteecwe; a bruise,
tetel; a bloody bruise, in the
flesh of a slaughtered animal,
letsadi; internal bruises, as
from bearing a burden, beating,
etc., diiial, matsadi.
Brush. A brush, or besom,
lolil; to brush, or sweep,
hla ; to brush up, or take up
rubbish, gopa : to brush off, as
dust from a person, holiora;
to brush, or shake anything off
oneself, itlhotlhora, ipopotha;
ikudubatsa.
Bubble, a. Letshetshe. To bub-
ble up, as a spring, biloga; to
bubble up with a noise, as boil-
ing water, kgakgatba.


48
Bubo, a. Lobotsare.
Buck. A goat, podi; a spring-
buck, tshph ; a bushbuck,
photi; a stembuck, phudu-
hudu ; a reedbuck, mocosa; a
liillbuck, bluisli, with white
tail, lehele, pi. diphele.
Buckle. To buckle, as a strap,
kpla.
Bud, to. Kukunya; thunya.
A bud, serokolo.
Buffalo. Nare. A young
buffalo, natsliana; a bull
buffalo which lies down to
await and attack the hunter,
tallalorole
Buffet, to. Tlhanyaka; ntaea.
Bug, a. Bileis (hybrid) ; some-
times called tsitsiri.
Bugle. A post-bugle, phala ea
ps (hybrid).
Build, to. Aga. To build one-
self up, ikaga.
Builder, a. Moagi.
Building, a. Kag ; loag.
Building-place. a. Boag.
Bulb. A small edible bulb,
nakaladi, cliuse, kgatla.na,
kgogo; a large watery bulb,
lerish, lerishwa; large bulb
composed of many layers,
leshma; half of an edible
bulb split in digging up,
lekgabi; the flower of a bulb,
pbuhi.
Bulge. To bulge out, tot.oma;
a bulging out bag, etc, seshoba.
Bulk. Botonna.
Bulky. Large, tonna ; stout,
matlaba; bulging out, seshoba.
Bull, a. P ; kgtlk. A
young bull, pana; to bellow
as a bull, bpa ; flesh on neck
of a bull, titamere.
Bullet, a. Lerum.
Bullet Mould, a. Tshl ;
thl.
Bullock, a. Kgomo. A young
bullock, kgnwana.
Bultong. Motlhokoloco, pi.
me.
Bump. A swelling, thurug;
borurusa; to knock against,
khutla; to bump or knock, as
a calf its mothers udder,
tbunya.
Bunch. A bunch, or cluster of
fruit, lesitlhn.
Bundle, a. Nata. To make a
bundle of sticks, etc., ready for
tying up, aletsa.
Bung, a. Setsib.
Buoyant. Light, boheho, se-
helio; to float, kokobala.
Bur. A grass bur, bogopa.
Burden, a. Mmclg, pi. me-
blg; pelesb, a head
burden, morwal ; a burden in
a net, raokgwele; mokgwl;
burden on side of a pack ox,
lekkma ; a sore made by a
burden, leka ; to bear a burden,
blga; to remove a burden,
imolola, belegolola ; to be bur-
dened, imlwa; to burden, or
put a burden on, belesa; to
burden, or saddle with, chwarisa
bokete; they burden me with
work, ba nchwarisa tih ; they
burden you, ba lo chwarisa
bokete; to burden oneself,
ikgwelea ; one who frees from
a burden, mmelegolodi.
Burdensome, or heavy. Bokete;
lekete.
Burial, a. Phitlh.
Burn, to. Slia. To flame, tuka;
to smoulder, kukla; to burn,
or cause to burn, hisa; that
which burns, se'se shan molel;
to burn up, chuba; to become
burnt up, chubga; to burn a
house, hisa ntlo; tbe neigbour-
ing houses are burning, matlo
a sha mabapa; to burn or
scorch, babola; to become
burnt, or scorched, baboga;
tbe corn is scorched by the
sun, mabl a babocwc ke
letsatsi; burnt up by, chubecwe
ke ; lie is burnt, o shele ; they
were burnt in the house, ba le
ba shela mo tlun; to burn
incense, chuba j to burn marks


on wooden spoons, etc., babla;
to bum a persons house, chu-
bla motho ntlo ; a scar from
a burn, pala ; a mark of a burn
purposely made on the arm,
kgomma.
Burning, a. Peseco; phisli.
A smell of burning or singeing,
segau.
Burnish. To burnish, or polish,
by rubbing, gotlha.
Burrow, to. Hata. To burrow,
as a spreading sore, kkla.
Burst, to. Plianya. To become
burst, phanyga; to burst
asunder, or break (of wood,
etc.),komoganya ; to burst out,
or through, betsga; to burst
out with a song or speech,
ponyega; to burst out with a
torrent of angry words, or
scolding, phuuyga; burst, as
a fruit stone in the ground,
khaga.
Burweed. Sepanisi (hybrid).
Bury, to. Hitlha; pla. To
bury, or cover, as the soil
of a falling bank, kliurumet-
sa.
Bush, a. Setlliatshana. A bush
cut to make a hedge, letlhaku;
bushes put as an enclosure,
motlaagana; old bushes in a
hedge when it is renewed,
lorutlla, sing, and pi.; a
cluster of bushes, or a bushy
country, morokwa; a thicket
of dense bushes, secwacwa; a
thicket of larger trees, sekgwa;
to rush, or force ones way
through bushes, shwaila;
forked stick for holding down
bushes when cutting, nakale.
Bushel. A corn measure,
selekanyo sa mabl.
Bushman, a. Morwa, pi. barwa;
mosarwa.
Business', a. Tih. To meddle
with other peoples business,
italetsa; ithapametsa.
Bustard, a. Kgori.
Bustle. A commotion, khu*
dug; to bustle about, tlobaka,
tlabaka.
Busy, to be. Tlobaka; tlabaka.
To be very busy, kakga ; I am
very busy, ke kakegile, tih
ea nkaka ; ke kakilwe ke tih.
Busybody, a. Moruni oa ma-
hoko ; molotlhanyi; to act as
a busybody, it hapametsa, ita-
letsa.
Bur. Me; ha e le. Except, ba e
se.
Butcherbird, a. Letltl.
Butt. To butt, as a ram, thula;
to butt, as a calf when sucking,
thenya.
Butter. Mahura a serethe.
Butterfly, a. Serurubele.
Buttermilk. Mont.
Button, a. Talama (hybrid);
to button, kpla.
Buy, to. Rka; bapatsa. To
buy back, or ransom, rekolola ;
to buy for oneself, ithkla;
that which can be bought for
sixpence, se se lekanyen six-
pense, se se yan sixpense.
Buyer, a. Moroki; inmapatsi,
pi. babapatsi.
Buzz, to. Duma.
By. Ke ; ka. By buying, ka go
rka; by means of, ka; by, or
near, gauhe, gauhi; by, or be-
side, ha.
By and Bye. Kgantey; kgan-
tel.
Byword, a. Lonyac.
C.
Cackle, to. Lela.
Cactus. A kind of edible cactus
with serrated leaves, growing
in limestone, thogwe.
Cage, a. Serubi.
Cairn. A monument of piled
up stones, sehikancwe.
Cake. A cake of bread, sen-
kgw.
Calabash, a. Seg. A small
calabash, segwana.
D


50
Calamity, a. Boshula. A fault,
molato; an adversity, tlall.
Calculate, to. Bala.
Calf, a. Namane. A large un-
weaned calf, leshl, pi. ma-
shl ; a troop, marl ; a calf
weaned and going to feed with
cattle, moaloll; a calf drink-
ing at two cows, namane ea
phatla; calves bom in the win-
ter, bomarigane ; to be in calf,
nemeru; time of being in calf,
boneineru; it is in calf, e ne-
meru ; to cast a calf, holotsa;
to drive away or wean a calf,
liusetsa; to let a calf out to
drink from its mother, hesa;
to beat off a calf when milking,
ktla; to stop or turn back a
calf at milking time, thibla;
to suck as a calf, rokotsa; first
dung of new-born calf, tilane;
to give birth to a very small
calf, nomotsa; to have a calf
every year, tsala molla; to
have a calf every other year or
less often, tsala ka motshel ;
she has long been without a
calf, e letse motshel, e tshe-
dilwe; to adopt another calf
after its own is dead, lomg-
llwa.
Calf of a Leg. Thin part,
mom; thick part, letlhadio.
Calico. Kgai; khai.
Call, to. Bitsa. To call aloud,
kua, goa, thomeletsa; to call
aloud to, kula; to call with a
yelling voice, as women going
to a dance or work, duduetsa;
a shrill call, made by a woman
or girl, moduduetsa, modu-
dueco, tudueco; to call upon
or visit, yanala, yelanala; to
call to a work or meeting, pa ;
a call for a meeting, sekakhu!
to call a person to help in
work, thapa; to call or sum-
mon, laletsa; to call to mind,
gakologlwa; to call out regi-
ments, phutha mephat; to
call to a pic; pa mokgosi; to
call out loudly to, or shout to
a person at a distance, tlhaele-
tsa; to call a person when un-
certain where he is, hopholetsa;
you shall call him Tau, u tla
mo raea, u r, Tau, u tla mo sha
leiua, u r, Tau; to call to, bi-
letsa ;'he who is called Tau, eo
o bidiwaii Tau ; a town which is
called Taun, motse o go twan
Taun, motse o go twen Taun.
Callous. He is callous or shame-
less, o sehala matlhon, pi. ba
dihala matlhon.
Calm, a. Tshisibal. To be or
become calm, sisibala.
Calumniate, to. Pateletsa.
Calumny. Pateleco.
Came. When he came, a re a
tla, e rile a tla; there came a
person, ga ba ga tla motho.
Camelopard. See Giraffe.
Camelthorn. A red camel-
thorn tree, mokala; a white
camelthorn tree, mooka; a
grove of red camelthorn trees,
lokala; bush of the white
camelthorn, mookana; a grove
of white camelthorn trees, loo-
ka.
Camp, a. Botlhaoll, kampa
(hybrid).
Can. Ka. I can call, ke ka
bitsa, nka bitsa.
Cancer, a. Kanker (hybrid). A
spreading sore, nth e e kk-
lan.
Candle, a. Lobn, pi. dipn.
To light a candle, chuba, ti-
mga.
Candlestick, a. Setlhm sa
lobn.
Cane. Sugarcane, nch, nyba.
Cannibal, a. Moyabatho.
Cantankerous. egagapa.
Canter, to. Khwanya.
Cap. A far cap, tlhoro, puane ;
a cap of a gun, topi (hybrid).
Capable, to be, nonoha.
Cape, a. Tlhg, lehatshe ye le
tsnan mo lewa-tlen. A cloak,
kob.


Caper, to. Kalapa.
Capricious. See Changeable.
Captain, a. Kgosi, kgsana.
Captive, a. Mochwarwi, mo-
chwarwa, mogacwi, sechwar,
mogolgwa.
Captivity. Bochwar, bocliwar-
wa.
Captor, a. Moclnvari.
Carbuncle, a. Kwatsi.
Carcass. An animals carcass,
setoto; a corpse, serepa, setoto.
Cards. Karata (hybrid).
Care. Anxiety, tlall, tlhodig,
tlhodigl; weariness, tapi-
sh; a providing for, tlaml,
chwar ; to take care of, tlam-
la, cwacwala, kwakwala,
shomarla; they dont care for
him, ga ba mo re sep ; to care
for or provide for eacli other,
tlamalana; to take care of or
gnard against, itisa mo ; to take
care of oneself, itisa; to be taken
care of or guarded against,
disiwa; I dont care, ga ke re
sep.
Careful. To be careful of or
sparing, nomala, itibatibla;
to be careful of, as a weak
thing, mamaisa; to use or carry
carefully so as not to spoil or
spill, neneketsa.
Careless. He is careless, o bo-
atla, o sechwarea, o sechwakga;
to be careless, as in doing work,
atlahala.
Caress, to. Retha.
Carnal. Sa nama, senama.
Carpenter, a. Mmetli oa di-
kgon. To do the work of a car-
penter, betla dikgon.
Carpet, a. Seal.
Carriage, a. Kara (hybrid).
Carrier, a. Morwadi, mmelegi.
Carrion. Nama e e bodilen.
Carrot. A carrot-like edible
root, segwere, segwt, segt.
Carry. To carry, or bear, bl-
ga; to carry or bear between
two persons or more, chola;
carry for, as a servant for his
master, cliolla; to cause
carry, belesa; to carry on the
back, or between the shoulders
at the back, kaba; to carry on
the shoulders between two jjer-
sons, sikara; to carry slung
over the shoulder, sikara ; to
carry on the shoulder, sikara.,
kaba; to carry slung over the
shoulder on a stick, tlhmla ;
to carry under the arm, kwaa;.
to carry on the palm of hand,
with arm stretched out, lg-
lla ka seatla, lglla; to carry
in the arms, or in both hands,
kakamara; to carry a heavy
thing on or by the head, sup-
porting it with both hands,
sisla; to carry carefully any-
thing liable to spill or be spoilt,
neneketsa ; to carry home corn,
rora ; to carry away, as a flood,
kgophola; to carry a long dis-
tance, as a rifle, khuetsa.
Cartilage, a. Lohihiri, pi. di-
khihiri. Cartilages of the ribs,
mahihiri, no sing.; cartilage of
a nose, legwakgwa.
Cartridge, a. Sektlp, pa-
terone (hybrid).
Carve. To carve wood, sta; to
carve moat, khaea; to carve
meat for, khaela; a carved
image or idol, modimo oa ses-
t.
Carver of wood, a. Moseti.
Carving, a. Tst; sest. A
tool for carving, most.
Cascade, a. Lephtpht.
Case. A box, letlole; a case for
a knife, kgatla ; a large case for
needles and thread, morutshj
in one case, goiiwe; mo ntlhen
iiwe ; in that case, or, lest per-
chance, ekare kgotsa.
Cask. A cask for water, sepak
sa metse, sbwake (hybrid).
Cast. To cast away, latlha; cast
it from thee, u se latlh go
wna ; that which is cast away,
selatlh ; he can cause us to
cast it away, o ka re se latlhisa;


52
to cast away, or disinherit, ru-
tlola; to cast out, ntsha; to cast
out by force, kgoromeletsa kwa
ntl; to cast down, diga; to
cast down a heavy thing, go-
shumetsa, piriganya, diga; to
cast, or rub off oneself, itlho-
tlhora, ikudubatsa; to cast a
hook, knpla kobe; to become
cast away, latlhga; to cast, or
throw up dust, kubula lorole;
to cast a net into the sea, latlhe-
la lotloa mo lewatleii; to cast
lots for them, di laola ka bola;
to cast, or break dawn, rutlo-
lola; to cast, or cause to fall
down from a precipice, kgoko-
losa; to cast down a weak
person, or light thing, phua-
ganya.
Casting. A casting down, tig;
a casting away, tatlhg.
Castrate, to. Gahola, hagola.
To castrate by bruising with a
stone, thulla.
Cat, a. Kats (hybrid). A wild
cat, phag, phah,tib ; a pole-
cat, nakedi; a meercat, see
Squirrel; to purr as a cat,
rrarra; to scratch as a cat,
liapa; a muskcat, tshipa; a
kind of red cat, kganwe.
Cataract, a. Lephtophto.
A thin membrane, lotha.
Catch. To catch a thing thrown,
kapa; to catch or lay hold of,
chwara; to catch liquid in a
vessel, dibeletsa; to catch hold
of with arms, tlamparla; to
catch, or try to catch them in
speech, ba lalla; to catch an
animal running fast, tomola;
catch an ox by the leg with a
rhiem, thapodisa kgomo.
Caterpillar, a. Seboko. Nest
of a caterpillar sticking to a
branch, letlhao; a worm of a
caterpillar in the nest khwena.
Cattle. A herd of cattle, ma-
tlhape, sing, and pi.; a cattle-
post, moraka; pi. meraka.
Caul, a. Lomipi.
Cause. No separate verb.
Verbs put into the causative
form, i.e., to cause to love,
ratisa; to happen without a
cause, dimologa; they have
done this without cause, ba
dihile yalo hla, ba dihile yalo
ka boomo ; for this cause alone,
mo ka gosi; for this cause, ka
ntlha ea gna.
Cave, a. 'Moiib. A cave in a
cliff, moiib, logaga.
Cavity. A hole, lechoha; a
hollow, khuti.
Caw, to. Lela.
Cease. To end or bo finished,
hla; to finish, khutla, wetsa;
to cease for a while, or hold up
as rain, gagamala; to cease or
pause for a while, as one not
knowing how to do a thing,
gamarga; to cease entirely
from doing, baka, bakla; I
have ceased from helping, ke
bakile go thusa; I have ceased
from work, ke baketse tih;
they did not cease to teach, ga
ba ka ba bakcla go ruta; that
they may cease to kill people,
gore ba khutll go tlhla go
bolaea batho; when they ceased
to be written, e rile di khutla
go kwalwa; to cease to love or
like what one had loved or
liked before, gla; to cease
dripping, as blood, kgala; he
has ceased from sin, o baketse
boleo, o baketse go leoha.
Cement, to. Kana. A cement
made from a bulb, boka; ce-
ment used by bees, sekan,
kan.
Censer, a. Sensera (hybrid).
Censure, to. Naea molato.
Centipede, a. Sebokolodi.
Centre. In the centre, legare,
ha gare; it is split in the centre,
e kgaoganye ka legare.
Certain. A certain man, mo-
nona monwe ; a certain thing,
sel sen we; a certain person,
or such and such a person,


molete; a certain ox, or sucli
and such an ox, kgomo ea
tcbetbe; a certain city, name
not being mentioned, motse oa
bolbe ; a certain place, or such
and such a place, bolbelbe.
Certainly. Ka amarure, ka
mmanete, ka tlhmam.
Certainty. Boitlhmamish.
Certify, to. Shupa.
Chafe. To^ rub off, kgobola ;
to rub against a sore, or sore
place, ronkga.
Chaff. Mmoko, pi. meboko.
Chaff, or husks of caffir corn,
moroko.
Chain, a. Ketan (hybrid).
Chair, a. Setul.
Chalk, Taka.
Chamber, a. Kamore (hybrid).
A night convenience, or com-
mode, seruha.
Chameleon, a. Lobodu, lelobu.
Chance. An occurrence, kwl;
by chance, or unexpectedly, ka
lechocha; to happen by chance,
dimologa.
Change. To change, actively,
hetola; to change, or become
changed, hetoga; to change
oneself, iphetola; to change
ones mind for a good reason,
thinya; to change ones mind
from caprice, tlhanoga; to
change one thing for another,
or exchange, ananya, ananya
ka; to change ones place of
lying often, as one in pain,
tlhaba makgotla; to change
colour, or blush, thunya; to
change the time of a meeting,
thintsha pic; a change, pheto-
ld, phetog; change, or money
given in change, madi a orls
(hybrid); sixpence change, se*
kespens orls, (hybrid).
Changed. To become changed,
hetoga, phetoga; to be different
to formerly, chwanologa; to
become changed by another,
hetolwa; to become changed
for the worse, goberga.
Changeable, to be. Kenoga ;
akgaakgga; imenoganya. He
is changeable, o makenokeno,
o makanokano, o matlhano-
tlhano.
Channel. A gully, loiip; a
narrow strip of water, kgg-
ml.
Chap. A deep chap in hand or
heel, lena; to chap, or break
out in chaps, go cwa mafia.
Chapel, a. Ntlo ea thut.
Chaplet, a. Patika.
Chapter, a. Kgaol.
Character. A reputation, leina ;
a habit, mokgwa; a custom,
temal.
Charred. A piece of charred
wood or stick, motimela, mo*
cwaish.
Charcoal. Magala. Black off
charcoal, mosidi oa mu gala.
Charge, to. Laea. To give a
charge to, or instruct, lala ;
he charged them, o la a ba laea,
o la a ba lala; to command,
laola; to give a message to,
laetsa; to charge a gun,
tlhatlhla.
Charger, a. See Bowl.
Charity. Food given in charity,
mph; things given in charity,
din; to give food, ha; to
give things, naea.
Charm, a. Pheko. One who
sells charms, mophekodi; a
bag for charms, moraba, mo-
rabana.
Charmed. A child who lias a
charmed life through having
been doctored, fiwak.
Chase. To chase away, or chase
after so as to bring back,
llka; to chase eagerly,
gwatlla; to chase or pursue
perseveringly, khukhla.
Chasm. A deep chasm between
rocks, selomo; a bottomless
chasm, bosagatwen.
Chasten, to. Watlhaea.
Chastening. Kwatlha.
Chastise, to. Watlhaea; betsa.


Chastisement. Kwatlha; pec.
Chat, a. Maitish. To have a
chat, itisa.
Chatteh, to. Balabala; ithatha-
tha.
Chatterer, a. Mmalabadi.
Cheat, to. Tsietsa.
Check, to. Thiba.
Cheek, a. Lesama; leshama ;
lerama, pi. marama. A cheek-
bone, phoni.
Cheekiness. Makgakga.
Cheeky. He is cheeky, o ma-
kgaka.
Cheer. To cheer a victor,
duduetsa; to cheer up, or
cause to rejoice, itumedisa; to
be of good cheer, namtshga.
Cheerful, to be. Itumla.
Cheerfulness. Boituml.
Cheese. Kase (hybrid).
Chest. A box, letlole; a per-
sons chest, sehuba; all the
upper part of the body in front,
inahuba; to heave, as the
chest in sleep, ubuga; severe
chest complaint, lohuba,
lehuba.
Cherish, to. Nomala.
Chew, to. Tlhahuna. To chew
the cud, tla; to. chew a very
hard substance, pupura; to
chew hard berries, etc., hura;
to chew sweetreed, rushes, etc.,
chtlha; to chew the soft part
of a bone, shetla.
Chicken, a. Lemphorwana, pi.
mampliorwana, maborwana,
mahorwana.
Chickenpox. Thutlwa.
Chide, to. Bula.
Chief, a. Kgosi.
Chieftain, a. Kgsana.
Chieftainship. Bogosi;
bogsana.
Chilblain. A crack from frost,
lena, pi. mana.
Child, a. Nwana, pi. bana; a
little child, nwanyana, pi.
banyana; an infant, losea, pi.
ditshea; a child just weaned,
serathana; a child able to run
alone, leshokgola; a child of a
persons childs child, koko-
mana; a grandchild, setlogolo ;
the eldest child, nwana oa
borure; a sole-surviving child,
nwana oa mabu; the last child
a woman will have, and hence,
a spoiled one, goahl, gohl;
a child supposed to be suffering
from its mothers adultery be-
fore or after its birth, nwana
oa diphacane ; when he had no
child, a e se a bone nwana,
a e se a dihane le nwana; to
pacify a child, kirietsa; to
fondle a child, atlatla; to pat a
child, papla.
Childbirth. See Birth.
Childhood. Bonyana.
Childish. He who is childish,
eo o bonyana; he is childish, o
leatlhamana; they are childish,
ba maatlhamana; a noted
childish person, mohelepe.
Childless, to be. Opahala.
A childless man or woman,
moopa, pi. baopa.
Children. Bana. Little chil-
dren, banyana; a number of
male children, tshimane; a
number of female children,
tsetsana; children by one
father, senona; children by
one mother, setsal ; she has
had children by him, o bonye
bana na; a number of chil-
dren, lonyana.
Chill. See Cold.
Chin, a. Seledu. The part
under the chin, kodu.
Chink, to. Lela. A chink or
crack, logagu; a chinking
noise, tsikidi.
Chip, a. Lohatsa; phatsa;
lohatsana, pi. diphatsa. A
flying chip, sebekedi, phekcla;
a chip made by using an adze,
sebetlla; a chip made when
carving wood, etc., tshctla;
chips partly cut off, and stick-
ing out of the wood, ditlha-
tlhapola.


Chirp, to. Lela.
Choice. A choosing, boitshen-
kl.
Choke. To strangle, beta; to
suffocate, hupetsa; to cause
a choking sensation in the
throat, balla ; to be choked or
strangled, betwa; to be choked
or suffocated, hupediwa; to
choke, as bushes and weeds
corn, hupetsa ; to kill by chok-
ing or throttling, gonola; I
have a choking sensation in my
throat, ke balecwe ke mathe.
Choose, to. Itshenkla. To
choose for oneself, itebalebla;
to perplex, and make one un-
able to choose, kama; they
make me unable to choose, dia
nkama; ke kanwa ke cna; to
choose or like or wish, rata.
Choosing, a. Boitshenkl.
Chop. To chop across, rma;
ratha; to chop lengthwise,
hatsa, phatlola, hapha; to
chop off a branch, rma ; to
chop off many branches,
sheketla ; to chop in a slanting
direction with an axe, kgcba ;
to chop in a slanting direction
with a spade, as in cutting up
grass, khba; to chop or cut
up into pieces, kgabetlcla; to
chop meat in a mortar with a
straight-handled axe, kgba
nama.
Chopper. An axe, selp; a
straight-handled axe, sekgb.
Chopping, a. Thm. A chop-
ping block, sebetlla.
Chosen. To be chosen as one
of two things, lehega; a chosen
one, moitshenkedwi.
Chronic pain, or sickness, a.
Senyma ; senyama.
Chrysalis, a. Khwena. A nest
of a chrysalis, lotlhao.
Chuckle, to. Tshga.
Chum, a. Molekane ; selekane.
Church, a. Ntlo ea thut; an
assembly of believers,phuthcg.
Churn, to. Ntaea.
Cicada beetle, a. Sekkwalala.
Cicatrix, a. Lobadi,2>£. dipadi.
Cinder, a. Legala.
Circle, A. Sedikadiki. A ring
cushion for the head, kgare; a
ring made of beads, tilwane.
Circuit, a. Bodikolog. To
make a circuit, potologa,
dikologa, copodiga.
Circuitous. Copodia; moco-
kodia; mocopodia.
Circular. Sedikadiki; sedi-
kwadikwi.
Circularly. Segare. To cut
circularly, sega segare.
Circumcise, to. Sega, isa
bogwra. Cause to enter the
circumcision ceremony, rupisa.
Circumcision. Bogwra. One
who has not been to circum-
cision, lekatla ; one who refuses
to go to circumcision, moiiala,
lekgola; boy just out of cir-
cumcision, lekoloanyane; to
refuse to go into circumcision,
iialoga; to come out of cir-
cumcision, ^ aloga; whipping
dance at circumcision, secho ;
to enter circumcision,, rupa ; a
helper or guard at the circum-
cision, kgayane ; the head man
among the circumcision helpers,
kgay; the procession coming
near to the town and returning
to camp, thalalagae.
Circumnavigate, to. Dikologa.
Circumspect. To be circum-
spect or watchful, tsctslcka;
he is circumspect, oa tstslka,
o matstslk, o matstsl-
kwe.
Circumspection. Tstsclck.
Circumstance, a. Tihal; tiha-
hal.
Cistern. Hole for holding
water, ledibela.
City, a. Motse.
Civetcat. A polecat, nakedi.
Civil. They have a civil war,
ba tlhabana ntwa ea gae.
Claim. To claim persistently
what is not ones own, tatalala;


lie is one claiming or taking
back a lent thing soon, or be-
fore the time, o lotlhtlh; a
persistent claimant to that
which is not his, setatalala.
Clamber, to. Palama; pagama.
Clamour, a. Teleny. To
clamour, lelenya.
Clan, a. Losika.
Clang, to. Lela; tsirima.
Clap, to. pa. To clap hands,
pa diatla, panya diatla.
Clash, a. Thulan. To clash
together, tliulana; to cause to
clash together, thulanya.
Clasp. To clasp in one hand*,
huparla ; to clasp with both
hands, tlamparla j to clasp in
the arms, kampa.
Class. A company, mophatcr;
to class or set in order, rula-
ganya..
Clatter. To clatter, as cups,
etc., tsirikana; to clatter or
tinkle, as iron, tsirima.
Clavicle, a. Cal.
Claw. A claw or paw of a wild
beast, lechoo, leroo; a claw
of a fowl, mont; to claw, as
a tiger, etc., napa.
Clay. Soft mud, serctsc;
borts; stiff mud, boraga ;
black clay, tka, tk; clay
for pottery, mmopa, lecopa;
white clay, taka; a lump of
wet clay, leribi; a lump of dry
clay, lektc ; to throw clay and
make it stick, phara.
Clean. To become clean, phcpa ;
to become clear as water,
itshka, itshpa; to become
pretty, ntlahala; I am clean or
washed, ke tlhapile; to make
clean or cleanse, itshekisa,
ntlahatsa, itshepisa, tlhapisa.
Cleanness. Bophpa.
Clear, to become. Itsheka. It
is clear, e phcpa; to clear a
space by chopping off weeds,
etc.,kgcba; to clear up, or pass
away as rain, mist, etc., sa;
it has cleared up, go sel;
when it has cleared up, e sena
go sa; to clear out or clear
away, as a purgative medicine,
or a flood, kgoshola.
Clearly. To see clearly, bna
sentl.
Clearness. Bophpa.
Cleave. To cleave, or stick to,
by holding, iiaparela ; to cleave
to, as a glued board, namana ;
to cleave through the middle,
hatola, chabaganya; to cleave
asunder, or divide lengthwise,
aroganya.
Cleft, a. Lohar, pi. diphar.
A narrow cleft, pharagan,
phara ganc.
Clematis, a wild. Segope,
thara.
Clench. To clench a fist, huna
lecwele; to clench a hand
upon, huparcla.
Clever. Senatla, pi. dinatla;
sethakga; secwiriri; setsetse;
maatlametlo; clever with a
gun, marwaka, maroka; he
was a person clever in teach-
ing, e le e le motho eo o senatla
go ruta; a clever worker,
motsetseneke, motsantsabetsi.
Cleverly. To work cleverly,
tstsna, tstscnka; to work
cleverly in ornamental work,
tsantsabetsa.
Cleverness. Bonatla; bo-
cwiriri.
Click, to. Tsirima.
Cliff, a. Logaga, pi. dikgaga.
A difficult or steep place in a
cliff, lomonoko; an unclimb-
able cliff, sepat.
Climb, to. Palama, pagama.
To climb a hill, tlhatloga;
to climb up spirally, as a snake
or a creeping plant, ichplla.
Cling. To cling to, as a child
to its mother, ikhwakhwala.
Clinking noise, a. Tsidiki.
Clip. To embrace, kampa.
Cloak. See Kaross. To cloak
or hide, shuba.
Clock. In winter time. About


five or^ six oclock, boa sa;
about eigbt oclock, magam a
dikgomo; about nine oclock,
djpodi di bolola; twelve oclock,
selebal; sethblk, mo-
tsbegare ; about one or two
oclock, meruti e le mammpa ;
about three oclock, motshe-
gare oa maitsiboea ; about four
oclock, manl a dipodi; about
five oclock, dikgomo di grga.
Clod, a. Lekt; lekwt.
Close. See Shut. To close,
or plug up, kaba; to become
closed up, kabala ; the path is
closed, tsela e kabetse ; to close
in or surround, dika, hola;
close or near, gauhe, gauhi;
to come close together,
bopaganato be close together,
as corn stalks, nnalana; to be
close upon, cbwaragana le.
Clot. A clot of blood, leshwele,
leshwl; to become clotted, as
blood, tsena.
Cloth. Kgai; khai.
Clothe, to. Apesa. To clothe
oneself, ikapesa; they do not
clothe themselves, ba sa apare;
ba sa cwale; he clothed the boy
with them, o la a di apesa
mosimane.
Clothes. Diapar. Fine, or
ornamental clothes, mekgab ;
to put on clothes, apara; to
take off clothes, apola, cola;
to give a boy or girl new clothes
on coming out of ceremony,
alosa; to rend, or tear clothes,
gagola; he rent his clothes, o
la a ikgagola diapar; a pole
for hanging clothes over, mosi-
pori.
Clothing, an article of. Sea-
par, pi. diapar.
Cloud, a. Leru, pi. maru. A
cloud of locusts, leshogodi ya
tsi; to rise up in a cloud, as
smoke, kuuloga ; to drive up in
a cloud, as birds, kuulola; to
disperse, as clouds, shwaalala ;
to break up, as clouds, anoga,
kaologa, tlhasa; to pass over
quickly, as scudding clouds,
sesla; a path or opening be-
tween clouds, motsila; dark,
winter clouds, mororodi,
marr; to rise above the
horizon, as clouds, kukumologa,
k we toga.
Cloven. Maphata. To be cloven
as hoofs, patologana; a cloven
stick, thupa ea dipbata; cloven
hoofs, ditlhako tse di patolo-
ganyeii.
Club. A knobbed stick,
molamu ; a staff for beating
sandals, etc., mont.
Cluck, to. Lela.
Clump. A clump of trees,
sekgwa; a clump of cattle,
lekgathi; a clump of people,
lecwele; small clumps or
groups of cattle, people, etc.,
makumaganyane.
Clumsily. To do a thing
clumsily, tlhatlharapa.
Clumsiness. Botlgl; boatla.
Clumsy. He is clumsy, or un-
skilful, o boatla; he is clumsy
or awkward, o matlhgl.
Cluster. A cluster of fruit,
lesitlha.
CLurcn. To clutch with one
hand, huparcla; to clutch with
both hands, tlamparcla.
Coadjutor, a. Mothusi.
Coagulate, to. Rema.
Coal, a. Legala.
Coalesce. See Unite.
Coast. A boundary, molelwane ;
a sea coast, losi loa lewatla,
pi. dintshi tsa lewatla.
Coat, a. Baadje (hybrid); a
kaross, kob.
Coax. To coax with a view to
deceive, hpa.
Cob. See Mealie Cob.
Cobweb, a. Bobi, pi. Mabi.
Cock, a. Kok e tona; koko e
tona. The comb of a cock,
lotlp; the spur of a cock,
mont; to crow as a cock,
lela; to cock a gun, lacla; the


gun is cocked, tlhobul e
laecwe.
Cockcrow, at. Ka makuku ; ka
malel a kok e tona.
Cockle. A cockle or cockle
shell, kgetla.
Cockroach, a. Cushu.
Coffee. Kshe (hybrid). Coffee
grounds, mor ; to roast coffee,
gadika.
Cogitate. To tliink, gopola;
to reason, akanya.
Cogitation, a. Akanyo.
Coil, to. Gara. To coil, as a
large piece of meat in a small
pot, garaganya; to coil oneself
as a snake, ikgara; to coil one-
self as a dog going to sleep,
ikgaraganya.
Coin, a. Ledi. A small coin,
ledinyana.
Cold. Tsididi; letsididi; maala.
Frost, serame; liow cold!
tshikhi! tshi! to become cold,
or be overcome by cold, sitwa ;
to become cold (of a thing),
tsidihala ; I am becoming cold,
kea sitwa; I am cold, ke
sitilwe; to make cold (of a
person), sitisa ; to make cold (of
a thing), tsidihatsa; to cause
oneself to become cold,
itshitisa; cold water, metse a
a tsididi; cold, dark weather,
letlll; a cold in the head,
dish; a severe cold in the
head, with running at nose,
mohikla.
Coldly. To treat one coldly or
keep aloof from, biha, Int.
Colic. Kgadikg. To have
colic, gadikga.
Collapse. To fall, wa.
Collar. The collar of akaross,
lokoye.
Collarbone, a. Cal.
Collect, to. See Gather.
Collection. A church collec-
tion, klekt (hybrid).
Collision, a, Thulan. To
come into collision, thulana.
Colour, a. Mmala,£>£. mebala.
For colours of cattle, see Ox;
what colour is it ? e can ? we
coloured people, rona boncho ;
many coloured, matsabatsaba,
marabaraba, marorodi; he is
light coloured, o phpa ; to be
mixed, as colours, and indis-
tinguishable, tobekana; the
colours are mixed, mebala e
tobekanye.
Colt, a. Petsana.
Comb, a. Karn (hybrid). A
cocks comb, lotlp; to comb
the hair, kama (hybrid); to be
combed, kanwa (hybrid).
Combine. See Unite.
Come, to. Tla. I have come,
ke tlile, ke tsile; to cause to
come, tlisa; to come for, tlla;
come now! ntla! come here,
tla kwano, ntlo ; where do you
come from ? u cwa kae ? come
here, and take (as in calling
to a dog), chwa! to come out,
cwa; they have come out, ba
dule, ba cwile; to come out,
or exude, nnya; to come out
of a place, cwla; to come
across, or meet with, raknna le ;
to come out upon suddenly,
photsga; to come back, or
return, boa, boea, reologa ;
to come back soon, or without
going all the way, geloga; to
come short, or fail, tlhala; to
come short of doing a thing
properly, tlamaklla ; to come
down, hologa, pagologa; to
come together, kpana; to
come to, or arrive at, hitlha;
to come to pass, dihala, diha-
hala ; to come to oneself, after
fainting, rulwa; to come to,
or start up after a fit, tsitsibo-
ga ; to come to oneself, as one
demented, rarabologlwa; to
come of itself, as a boil, itshe-
ma; to come close together,
bopagana, amana; he came
out of the place, o la a cwela
kwa helon; it comes down
from God, se hologa kwa go


modimo ; he came down from
the mountain, o la a hologa mo
lencwen, o la a hologa lencwc;
it came out upon him long ago,
ga e bolo go mo cwa; a swell-
ing has come out upon me, ke
dulwe ke boshwa; to come
upon unexpectedly, wla; to
be come upon unexpectedly,
wlwa.
Comet, a. Naledi e e mogatla.
Comfort. Kgomoc. To com-
fort, gomotsa, gomola; to
encourage, nametsa, name-
tslia; to be comforted, gomo-
diwa; to become comforted,
gomotsga, nametsga, name-
tshega ; to comfort each other,
gomotsanya.
Comforter, a. Mogomotsi.
Coming. He is comiDg, o tla,
oe tla; a coming, botl; his
coming, go tla ga gagw ; that
it is coming, ha e etla; the
coming month, kgwedi e e kwa
ten, kgwedi e e kaha ten; to
be coming, or approaching,
kwetoga, ketoga; to be com-
ing, or returning, reologa.
Command, to. Laola.
Commandment, a. Taol.
Commence. See Begin.
Commend. To praise, baka; to
extol, haka; to commend with-
out a good reason, kalla;
to commend oneself, iphaka.
Commendation. Pak.
Commit. To give to, nla.
Commode. A commode, or
chamber, seruha.
Common. A common thing, se
e len sel hla.
Commotion, a. Phudug. To
be in a commotion, huduga.
Communicate. To relate, bo-
lla; to tell to, bollla; they
refused to communicate with
him, ba mo khutlogla hla.
Communication, a. Poll;
phoko.
Communion. Bokopan.
Companion. Monkana; mole-
kane; selekane. A companion
on a journey, mopati; his
companions, banwe ka na.
Company, a. Leshomd, thaka,
lekk, mophat. A small
company, leshonwana.
Compare, to. Chwantsha. To
compare with, chwantsha le ;
to be compared with, chwan-
tshiwa le; compare oneself
with, ichwantsha le; to com-
pare with, or make equal, leka-
nya; to compare, or place side
by side, bapisa; if that time
be compared with this, ha go
buiwa lobaka loa motlha ou
le gompiyeno.
Comparing, a. Papish.
Comparison, a. Papish.
Compass. To surround, dikanya,
dikanyetsa; to fetch a com-
pass, dikologa; to bring things
into a small compass, bopa-
ganya ; to be compassed, or
surrounded by, dikanyedicwe
ke.
Compassion. Bonomi yoa pelo;
kutlwl botlhoko; bopelotlho-
mogi; bopelonomi. To have
compassion, tlhomoga pelo ; to
have compassion upon, utlwla
botlhoko, tlhomogla pelo.
Compkl, TO. Kgola; shubclla;
pafceletsa; patelcla, Int.; to
compel to take, or force upon,
golgla; to compel to go,
kgokgweetsa.
Compensate, to. Dula.
Complain, to. Itka; galala.
To complain of, itka; to
complain to, itkla; to com-
plain about a thing offered be-
cause it is not such as one
wished for, galala; to com-
plain to a superior about a
persons conduct, tlalaea,tlalea;
he complained to the chief
about him, a mo tlalaea kwa
kgosin.
Complainer, a. Mogaladi.
Complaining, a. Boitok.
Complaint, a. Boitok.


Complete. To finish, wetsa,
lietsa; to complete a work,
digla; to complete, or carry
through to completion, shwa-
lalla.
Completed, to be. Wla.
Completely. To do anything
fully, or completely, is ex-
pressed by adding ka to the
verb; to bind round com-
pletely, hapaka.
Completion, a. Boheco ; bo-
weco ; boshweco; bohl ; bo-
hll; pheco.
Comply. To comply or. agree,
dumela; to comply, or to act,
diba.
Compound. See Mix. A com-
pound for native workers,
tlhatlhl.
Compress. To squeeze between
the hands, pitla.
Compulsion. Pateleco, kgoi.
Compute, to. Bala.
Comrade. See Companion.
Conceal. To hide, shuba; to
cover up, bitila; conceal a
thing by denying that one has
it, lba; to cover the sky, as
clouds, khuakanya, khuanya;
they are concealed from them,
di lobilwe mo go bna.
Concede, to. Dumcla.
Conceive. To conceive (of a
woman), ithwala ; to conceive
(of cattle), emera, emara; she
has conceived without men-
struating, o phukwane; to
cause to conceive in sin, ithwa-
disa.
Conceivable, it is. Go gopo-
lsga.
Conception. Boithwal.
Concern, a. Modih. That
which concerns him, se se mo
aman; that which concerns
my weakness, se se aman bo-
ka yoa me; as far as he is
concerned, kaga gagwe ; to be
concerned, or anxious, tlallwa;
to be concerned for, tlalediwa.
Concerning. Kaga, ga.
Concert. To sing, or speak in
concert, ratlatlla.
Conciliate, to. Rapla, lb-
la.
Conclude. To conclude or end,
khutla.
Conclusion. In conclusion, ga
bohl.
Concoct. To concoct, or make
plans, loga maan.
Concord, or Agreement. Tu-
malan; kutlwan.
Concubine. An inferior wife,
mogadinwana; a paramour,
nyatsi.
Concur.. To concur in opinion,
dumalana, dumlana; to con-
cur in opinion with, dumalana
le, dumclana le.
Condemn, to. Sekisa; naea
molato. They will condemn
him to death, ba tla atlhola
gore a shw, ba tla mo atlho-
lla go shwa, to condemn, or
forsake as one guilty, cwa;
they condemned him, ba le ba
mo cwa; to condemn oneself
by ones own confession, icwa.
Condemnation. Tshekish.
Condescend. To humble one-
self, inlhatsa, ikgbalatsa.
Condition. A condition, or
formation, popg; it is in
good condition, though not fat,
ea ctlhwa.
Conduct. To direct, kala;
conduct, or action, tih, ditih.
Coney. See Cony.
Confederate. To be confeder-
ate, or on friendly terms, ika-
ma, ikamaganya le.
Confer. To give to, nla. To
consult together, gakololana.
Confess, to. Ipolla; itata;
ipobola; to confess a fault,
icwa ; he has confessed, o itule;
to confess me, impolla.
Confessing, a. Boipoll; boi-
pobol.
Confession, a. Boipoll, boi-
pobol.
Confide. See Trust.


61
Confidence. See Trust.
Confined. See Birth.
Confirm, to. Tihmamisa.
Confiscate, to. Gapa.
Conflict. A battle, tlhaban;
a wordy strife, kgaii.
Confound. To disturb, here-
tlha; to confound speech,
kgaoganya pu; to be con-
founded, or confused, romga;
to confound, or make foolish,
siloliatsa.
Confuse, to. Kgwereanya. To
confuse, or cause to doubt,
etsaetsa; to confuse with much
talking, pptla; to be con-
fused, kgwereana, etsaetsga ;
to be confused in the head,
dimokana; to confuse, or
make confused in the head,
dimokanya; he is confused
with shame, o shoshobagancwe
ke ditlhon; to be confused, or
astounded, romga ; to be con-
fused in the head, tlhakana
tlhg.
Confusion. A commotion, phu-
dug; a jumble, mahereck,
tlhakany; disorder, lehara-
tlhatlha.
Congeal, to. Gatsla; gakla,
Int. It is congealed, se ga-
tsetse, se gaketse, Int.
Congkstion. To be swelled
through congestion of blood,
gamakla.
Congregate. See Assemble.
Congregation, a. Phuthg.
Conical Hill, a. Lencw ye
le ntlhana, pi. may a diu-
tlhana.
Conjecture, to. Kabakanya,
shwaba.
Conjunction; To act in con-
junction with, dihana le.
Connect. See Unite.
Connection. See Copulate.
Conquer, to. Henya. He hag
conquered, o hents ; to cause
to conquer, hentsha.
Conqueror, a. Mohenyi.
Conquest, a. Phenyo.
Conscience, a. Segakolodi.
To have conscience, or con-
sciousness of sins, ikutlwa
dibe.
Consent, to. Dumla.
Consider. To think of, akanva;
to look into, okomla, kmla;
to take notice of, tlhkomla,
latlhk, tsaatsia ; to consider,
or think oneself, ikaea.
Consistently. Ka tekan.
Consolation. Kgomoc, na-
meco.
Console, to, Gomotsa.
Conspicuous, to be. Pepnwa.
It is perspicuous, se pepenwe ;
to make conspicuous, sinosa;
to cause to be conspicuous,
pepentsha.
Conspicuously, to set out.
Ppna. They are set out con-
spicuously, di pepenne.
Conspiracy, a. Kgolagany,
kgolaganl, kgolaganyeco. To
enter into a conspiracy, gola-
ganya.
Conspire against, to. Gola-
ganyetsa.
Constantly. You are constantly
braying, u tlhla ua shuga.
Constrain, to. Kgola; patele-
tsa ; shubclcla; patlla, Int.
Construct. To form, bopa; to
build, aga.
Consult. To consult together,
gakololana.
Consume. To eat, ya; to de-
stroy, nyeletsa.
Consumption. Severe chest
complaint, lohuba, lehuba, bo-
tlhoko yoa lohuba.
Contagion. Phet. To spread
contagion, chwaetsa.
Contagious. Pliet.
Contain. It contains, se na
le.
Contaminate. To infect, as
sickness, chwaetsa; to infect
evilly, rma.
Contemn, to. Cwitla, nyatsa.
Contemplate, to. Okomla.
Contempt. Mockery, chotl,


leshotl; to treat with con-
tempt, bka, khutlogcla, shwi-
nya.
Contemptuousness. Lonyac;
lobk.
Contend, to. Ganela. To con-
tend with, ganla le; to con-
tend angrily, shakgala ; to con-
tend continually, malana le;
to contend together, ganalana,
ganlana, malalana, mla-
lana, ganetsanya ; he contends
with him about the truth, oa
mo ganetsa boamarure.
Content. To content, or satisfy,
thethebatsa; to be contented,
or satisfied, thethebala ; a con-
tented spirit, mea o o thethe-
betsen.
Contention. Kgan. Angry
contention, chakgal.
Contentment, or peace. Lo-
dule, kagish.
Contest. A wordy contest,
kgan; a battle, tlhaban; to
contest, ganla, tlhabana.
Contiguous. See Near.
Continual. Ka gale, ka ma-
latsi aotlhe.
Continue. We will continue
in prayer, re tla nnla mo
thapelon; to continue, or be
joined to, in a straight line,
tlhmagana; I will continue
to buy, ke tla nna ke rka; it
will continue to be done, go
tla tlhla go dihwa.
Contract, to. See Shrink.
Contract, a. See Treaty.
Contradict, to. Ganetsa;
herekana. To make a contra-
dictory statement, lierekanya
pu ; that which cannot be
contradicted, se se sa kakefi sa
ganediwa.
Contrary. To be contrary, of
wind, tlhabaganya le ; the
wind was contrary to them,
ba le ba tlhabaganye le pheh,
ba bo ba lebaganye le pheh.
Contrast, to. Chwantsha.
Contribute, to. Naea; ntsha.
62
Contrite, to be. Utlwa
botlhoko; hutsahala.
Control. To command, laola;
to direct, kala.
Contumacious. See Obstinate.
Contumely. Kgb; lobk.
Contuse, to. Tetela.
Contusion, a. Tetel.
Convalescent, to be. Kgsh-
ba ; thamoglwa ; rarana ;
lean a.
Convene. See Assemble.
Conversation. Pu. A friendly
conversation, or chat, maitish;
to have a friendly conversation,
or chat, itisa.
Converse, to. Bua. To con-
converse together, buana.
Conversion, a. Phetog; cho-
kolog. A making new, bosha-
hac.
Convert. To change, hetola ;
to turn back, shokolola; to
make new, shahatsa.
Convey. To cause to go, isa ; to
bear, see Bear.
Convict. To convince, hea; to
judge, sekisa.
Conviction. Convincing, phe;
a judgment, tshekish.
Convince, to. Hea. To be
convinced, hiwa; to agree,
dumela.
Convolvulus, a wild. Kwidibi.
Convulse, to. Hahamisa. ^ To
be convulsed, as a person in a
faint upon whom water is
thrown, hahama.
Convulsion. See Fit.
Cony, a. Pela.
Coo, to. Kurwetsa.
Cooing, a. Kurweco.
Cook, to. Apaea. To become
cooked, bucwa, apega; to cook
much food, shumanya, shu-
shutsa ; to cook till the food is
thick, loisa ; to cook much, or
overdo, shua ; to cook in a new
pot, kgakola; to cook in a
dirty, or slovenly manner,
apaea boatla; a cook, moapei ;
to cook for, apla; the food is


cooked, diy di bndule, diy
di apailwe; we have cooked
the food, re apeile diy.
Cooking. Kap. A place for
cooking, leish; a thing for
cooking on, sebesh ; sticks in
a pot for cooking meat on,
seall.
Cool. Tsididi. To become cool
or cold, tsidihala; to become
cool (of food, etc.), hla; to
make cool, or cold, tsidibatsa,
to make cool, as wind blowing
on, kgatsimola; to cool down,
as an angry person, bepa ; to
cool oneself in the wind, as
when in a perspiration, iphokisa,
pheh; to cool down, or be-
come hard, as fat, gatsla,
gakla.
Coolies. Makula (hybrid).
Coolness. Tsididi.
Co-opeuate, to. Thusanya.
Coot, a. Kgogonoka.
Copper. Kgtlh.
Copulate. To copulate (of a per-
son), tsala; (of a bull), gwla;
(of a cow), gwlwa ; (of a dog,
or horse), heka ; (of a bitch, or
mare), hekwa; (of a ram, or
he goat), bekara; (of a ewe),
bekarwa; to copulate often,
without conception (of a male),
t-eta; (of a female), tetwa.
Copy, a. Seka; sekal. To
copy, etsa.
Coranna, a. Mokgotlio. Tbe
Coranna language, sekgotbo.
Cord. A thin cord, thodi; a
thick cord, mogala, tbap; to
cord, see Bind.
Cork, a. Setsib; sethib. To
cork, tsiba; to take out a cork,
tsibolola.
Corn. Mabl. A sinorle grain
of corn, letscl; English corn,
or wheat, mabl a sekhoa;
mabl a ma sesane; inferior
kind of native corn, maidi; old,
or last years corn, chupa,
mablachupa; corn destroyed
by birds, motlhse, motlhse
63
oa mabl; corn withered by
sun or frost, mapapa ; tbe first-
fruits of corn, given to the rain-
maker, dikgaliela ; remnant of
corn left in the bin, dikirahla ;
corn given to a chief for the
entertainment of strangers,
dikgahla, Int. ; boiled native
cora, dikgb tsa lohata; the
unbeaten out grains or bunches
of corn taken out and pounded,
kgoha, x>l. dikgoha, kgorola;
a grain of corn cracked in
roasting, pabi; a shock, or heap
of corn, mokoa oamabl; prin-
cipal ear, or head of corn, seak;
inferior ear, or head of corn,
sehare; an ear of corn after it.
is threshed, sekolola; chaff or
husks of kaffir corn, morok ;
a cornfield, tshimo; rust in
corn, phori; a large clay corn
bin sehala ; a large corn basket,
or bin, of wicker work, sesigo; a
receptacle for unthreshed corn,
made of poles, serala; a corn
house, sehala; to carry home
corn, rora ; to glean corn bu-
dutsa; to stamp corn, tlhobola ;
to take off the dikgoha when
winnowing, akgola; to bring
forth an inferior head of corn,
liara ; the corn stooled, mabl
a iphara.
Corner. Corner of a house,
kgkgcb, sephiri; corner of
a garden, tlhohi; a corner, or
turning, cokeco; in a corner,
mo sephirin ; to turn a corner,
icoketsa ; to put, or cause to go,
or hide anything round a corner,
coketsa.
Corpse, a. Serepa ; setoto. A
carcass, setoto ; serepa is some-
times used for one nearly dead,
and setoto for one actually
dead; to lay out a corpse,
phutha ; to become stiff, as a
corpse, kwatlalala.
Correct. To correct, or make
right, siamisa; to correct a
child, gapa; to correct news,


64
or tell correctly what has been
incorrectly told by some one
else, thatholola mahoko.
Corroborate, to. Tlhmamisa.
Corrode. To rust, bna morodi;
become tarnished, kgna.
Corrupt. To become corrupt,
bla; it is corrupt, se bodile;
to make corrupt, bodisa; to
make oneself corrupt, ipodisa ;
they were corrupt, ba le ba
nkga sebodu.
Corruption. Sebodu. In their
corruption, mo go boleii ga
bona.
Cost. What does it cost? se
ya en ? se yel madi a le kae ?
cost, or price, thk.
Cottage. See House.
Couch, a. See Bed.
Cough, a. Kgtlhl. To cough,
gtlhla; to be troubled with
a ceaseless cough, kgrga;
to cough much without expec-
torating, kgruga.
Could. Ka bo ; tla bo ; kabo ;
tlabo. He could heal him, o
kabo a mo hodisa ; they could
have gone, ba ka bo ba ile ;
although I could, or might,
have all, leha nko ke na le
cotllie ; how could, or can, he
know ? o ka itse yan ? how
could he have known, o la a ka
a itse yan ; I could not, or did
not, know, ke ne ke sa itse ;
liow could it be ? ana, go tlo
go ne yan ? I could, or might,
have been,ke ne nka nna; they
could not be eaten, di sa kake
tsa yewa; I could not, or might
not, have bought, ke ne ke sa
kake kareka.
Council. A political council,
pic; a judicial assembly, tsh-
k ; to call, or appoint, a
political council, baea pic ; to
gather a council for judgment,
phutha tshk.
Councillor, a. Mogakolodi ;
mogolwane. A chiefs coun-
cillors, ba lekgotla.
Counsel, a.. Kgakolol; kal.
to counsel, gakolola, kala ;
to take counsel together, gako-
lolana; to take counsel toge-
ther about, gakololaua kaga.
Counsellor, a. Mogakolodi.
Count, to. Bala. To regard
as, kaea ; they are all counted,
di badilwe cotllie.
Countenance, a. Sehatlhg.
To alter in appearance, as the
couutenance, from anger, dis-
appointment, etc., khwata;
to fall, of the countenance,
from sorrow, etc., beha ; to
become fallen, of the counte-
nance, behga; his counte-
nance fell at this word, o la a
beha ka lehoko ye.
. Counterpane, a. Kob.
Country, a. Lehatshe. The
open country, sennga, nageii;
of what country is he ? e le
mokae ?
Couple. To couple together
side by side, pataganya.
Courage. Bopelokgale; bope-
lokima; botlhkapoih ; natla-
hal. Good courage, name-
tsg; to be of good courage,
nametsga.
Courageous, to be. Natlahala.
Course, a. Motlhala. A coarse
or turn, phapaan ; to go in a
straight course to, siamla ; to
turn the course of, thiba; of
course, aitse.
Court, to. Shreia (hybrid). A
magistrates court, kantor
(hybrid).
Courteous. Bori.
Courtyard. A front courtyard,
lolwapa; a back courtyard,
segti,
Cousin. Fathers sisters child,
and mothers brothers child,
ntsala ; mothers elder sisters
child, iiwanamamogolo ; mo-
ther's younger sisters child,
iiwanamaiiwane.
Cove, a. See Creek.
Covenant. See Treaty.


Go
Cover. To cover up, kliuru-
metsa ; to put a cover on,
khurumla; to cover, as water
of a flood a garden, elama; to
cover, or shade, sira ; to cover,
or shade oneself, itshira; to
cover, or spread all over, hara-
hara; to be covered, or spread
all over, haraharwa; to cover
oueself up, ikhurumetsa; to
cover over, or spread over,
bipa; to cover the head, rwesa;
to cover by putting something
larger over, ribegetsa; to cover
by pasting on, manga; a cover
or lid, sekhuruml ; a cover,
or veil, sebip.
Covet, to. Iphtlha. To de-
sire, eletsa; he covets these
things, oa iphtlha ka dil tse;
to covet, or wish to have, me-
letsa mathe.
Coveting, a. Boiphtlh.
Covetous. Segagapa. Stingy,
timana; greedy, segagaru.
Covetousness. Bopelotshtlha;
boiphtlh.
Cow, a. Kgomo e namagadi. A
cow for milking at home, le-
radu; a cow still suckling a
large calf, leshl; a number
- of cows just calved, lotsetse;
for colour of cow, see Ox.
Coward, a. Dishashe, pi. bo-
dishashe. He is a coward, o
dishashe, o borutw, o lega-
tlapa, o boboi.
Cowardice. Bogatlapa; boboi.
Coy. Sesinu. To be coy, sisimoga.
Crab, a. Lei.
Crack. A crack in a wall, lega-
gu; many cracks, magagugagu;
a crack under a toe, made by a
sandal, sebabla ; a crack in
wood, phatog; a crack in a
road, logagu; to crack, as a
whip, thanya ; a crack of a
whip, thany; to crack, as a
smeared floor, kekebala; the
smearing has cracked, go keke-
betse bolk; to crack, as fire
a pot in the kiln, babanya; to
become cracked, as a pot in
the kiln, babanyga ; to be
cracked by the fire, babanwa
ke molel; it is cracked by
the fire, e babancwe ke molel;
to crack, or become cracked
(of plaster, plank, wall, etc.),
hatoga, balga; to crack, or
become cracked (of a wooden
or skin vessel), phamphanyga,
phanyga; to crack in a straight
line, as a pot, rala; the pot is
cracked, pitsa e radile.
Crackle. To crackle, as a
mealie when roasting, thanya.
Crag, a. Legaga.
Cramp. Bogacu.
Crane, a. Mogolodi; kokolo-
rutwe.
Crash together, to. Thulana.
Crave, to. Kktlla.
Craw, or crop of a bird.
nchu.
Crawl. To crawl on hands and
knees, gagaba, gogoba; to
crawl fast on hands and knees,
or on hands and feet without
the knees touching the ground,
, pharitlha ; to crawl round, ga-
gabla; to crawl, as a cat
when hunting, gagaba, iku-
kuna; to crawl as a snake,
llmla; to crawl towards
stealthily, and for an evil pur-
pose, batla.
Crawling, a. Kgagab.
Creak, to. Kgwasa. To creak,
as new boots, lela; to walk
with creaking boots, gatletsa;
a creak, or creaking, kgwash.
Cream. Lobebe. To cream,
okola.
Crease, a. Leshwashwa. To
crease, or become creased, sho-
shobagana.
Create, to. Tlhla. To form,
bopa.
Created thing, a. Sebopiwa.
Creation. Pop ; tlhl ; lo-
bop; tlhlg.
Creator, a. Motlhodi; mmopi.
Creature. Lobop; sebopiwa,
E


Credit. Molato. ^
Creditor, a.^ Mun oa molato.
Creek, a. Nonti.
Creep. See Crawl.
. Creeper, or creeping plant.
A ground creeper with longisli
smooth fruit, seropologane; a
ground creeper with large yel-
low flowers, sebetebete; a
ground creeper with purple
flowers, letlhalagadi; a ground
creeper, having melon-like fruit
with horny knobs, mokawa;
a ground creeper having small
hairy balls, moshum ; a bush
creeper like clematis, segope,
thara; bush creeper with edi-
ble finger-shaped fruit, mo-
gaba; a bush creeper with
email balls, lerakanchane, lo-
she, losh; an interior edible
creeper, mogabala.
Creeping thing, a. Segagabi.
Creeps. To give one the creeps,
sisimosa.
Crevasse, a. Selom.
Crevice. A crack in the ground,
etc., logagu; a deep and un-
scalable crevice between rocks,
selom.
Cricket, a. Tsiritsiri.
Crime. A fault, molato; wick-
edness, boleo; boikp.
Criminate, or acuse each other,
gobana.
Crimp. To crimp together,
hutaganya, gogwanya; I am
crimped, or drawn together by
stomach ache, ke gogwancwe
ke kgadikg.
Crimson. See Red.
Cringe, to. Inodisa.
Cripple, a. Segl. To be-
come a cripple, glahala.
Croak, to. Lela.
Crocodile, a. Kwna; kwena.
An animal resembling a croco-
dile, kgagabi.
Crocus bulb, a. Chuse.
Crooked, to be. Shkama,
kgpama. To make crooked,
kgpamisa, shkamisa; it is
crooked, e kgp, e lokgp ; a
crooked heart, pelo e kgp;
crooked, or uneven, or out of
square, mokea; that which is
crooked, se se mokea ; very
crooked, or much twisted, as
a branch, speech, etc., leg we-
letlha, segweletlha.
Crookedness. Bokgp; ch-
kam.
Crop. A harvest, thb ; the
crop of a fowl, nchu ; to crop,
or graze, hula; to crop or
pluck, hula.
Cross, a. Mokgr. A cross
beam or piece, at the top, pha-
kalg, mophekalg; to cross
a river, tshela, kgabaganya;
to be placed across, or cross-
wise, rapalga, rapalala; to
carry a cross, sikara mokgr,
kaba mokgr ; to cross ex-
amine, bua katloku; botsa ka-
tloku, they have crossed each
other, or missed each other,
in the road, ba hapanye mo
tselen; he is cross, or fretful,
o bobeto, o sebeto; cross-
ness, or fretfulness, bobeto ;
angry crossness, bodipa; to be
cross, or angry, see Angry.
Crouch, to. Ikokobetsa; ku-
kuna; ikhuna.
Crow, to. Lela. A black crow,
mohukubu, lehukubu; a black
and white crow, mogakabe,
legakabe; a white-necked crow,
mokgomilo.
Crowbar. A thick crowbar,
moliana; a thin crowbar, phan.
Crowd, a. Leshom; bontsi.
To go in a crowd, kgonla; to
go in a dense crowd, shublla j
to crowd or press upon, kkwa-
nla; to crowd together, ko-
kwana, kgobokana, bokana,
bolokana; to crowd together
thickly, kkwana seima; to
crowd together, or to, kgobo-
kanla; to be crowded, or
pressed together, as people
in a crowd, kgotlhagana ; to


crowd, or press upon in a
crowd, kgotlhaganya; to assail,
or press upon, as a crowd, bo-
kanla; immense crowds of
people or cattle, macwelecwele.
Crown, a. Serwal. To crown,
or put on a crown, rwala;
crown of 9 head, phog, plio-
g ca tlhg ; a crown made of
porcupine quills used in danc-
ing, kgare.
Crucify, to. Bapola. He who
has been crucified for us, eo o
re bapolecwen.
Cruel, to be. Borumolan. He
is cruel, ga a na pelo, o boru-
molan ; cruel, or ferocious,
setlhogo.
Cruelty. Borumolan; bope-
loethata.
Crumbs or fragments of food.
Matlhtlhra; matlhotlhora.
Crumble. To crumble by hold-
ing something in one hand
and rubbing it with the other,
shuglla.
Crumple. To crumple up, go-
gwanya ; to be crumpled up,
gogwana.
Crush. To crush between the
hands or fingers, pitla; to
crush one person between two,
pitllla; to crush together,
pitlaganya; to crush by rub-
bing between the hands, or
rubbing on with a foot, gehi-
tlhanya, higitlhanya; to crush,
or crowd upon, kgotlhaganya ;
to be crushed by, pitlagancwe
ke.
Crust. A crust of bread, or
cold porridge, logg, pi. di-
kgg; crust in a pot after
porridge is taken out, bogg,
pi. magg.
Cry. To weep, lela; ska dike-
ledi; cause to weep, ledisa; to
cry without cause, betoga,
itshema; to cry, or call out
loudly, kua, thomeletsa, goa;
to cry loudly and piteously,
gwtlaj to cry bitterly or wail,
lelcla godimo ; to cry much,
as a cross child, belebetlga;
to be always crying, kgrga;
to cry out very loud, bklla,
ntsha mokgwasa; to cry out, as
a number of people, tlaatlaa; he
has cried, o ledile ; o itshekile
dikeledi; to cry out with a
shrill cry, as a woman in the
dance, duduetsa; a shrill cry
made by a woman in the dance,
etc., modudueco, moduduetsa,
tudueco; to make a wry face
as if about to cry, betlella,
khukhwisa; a crying, or weep-
ing, sell, tel; a death cry
of an animal, pkll.
Crystal, a. Legwaka; legakwa.
Cub. A lions cub, tauana; a
leopards cub, lenauana; a ti-
gers cub, nkwane ; a wolfs
cub, phitsana.
Cuckoo. A bird that cries like
a cuckoo, segwetsane; cuckoo
spit or small ball of foam in
grass, bott.
Cud, the. Motl ; to chew the
cud, tla.
Cudgel. See Stick.
Cuff. See Beat.
Culpable. He is culpable, o na
le molato, o molato.
Cumber. To cumber, or burden,
iiula.
Cunning, or Deceitfulness.
Boherehere, bohelepa. A cun-
ning one, tlhalemaleye; he is
cunning, or deceitful, o lehere-
here ; to be cunning in work,
see Clever.
Cup, a. Senwl. A beer cup,
phahana; the handle of a cup,
mokgothi; a cupbearer, mo-
chola phahana; to cup or let
blood by cupping, Iomega,
loma; he has cupped me, o
ntomegile, o ntomile; mark
left by cupping, tomga; a
cupping horn, motlhogo.
Curdle. To curdle, or become
curdled, tlhanya; the milk is
curdled, mashi a tlhantse.


68
Cure, a. Phodish. To cure,
or cause to heal, hodisa.
Curl. To curl hair, hra moriri;
a spiral curl, mochphe.
Curse. To curse, by naming or
pointing to any of the private
parts, roga, rogaka, tlhapatsa;
to curse, by calling for evil upon,
liutsa; to curse, by striking
the ground with a moses, etc.,
and uttering imprecations,
hpha; to curse, or bring evil
upon by cursing, nella; he is
cursed, or doomed to evil by
this person, o neelecwe ke
motho eo ; to curse each other,
rogana, rogakana, hutsanya;
a curse, thog, thogak,
phuc; expression used when
cursing with a moses, kuruthu.
Curser, a. Morogani; mo-
hutsanyi.
Curtain. A hanging curtain,
setshir; a thing that covers,
sebip.
Curve. To curve wood by cut-
ting or bending, gata logon ; a
curve in a pole, etc., semene ;
curved, semene ; curved, as a
sickle, kggrp ; ^ a much
curved or bent thing, seg-
grp ; it is curved, se kgp,
se kgopame; to become curved,
kgopama; to cause to be curved,
kgopamisa.
Cushion. A pillow, mosam ;
a cushion for the head when
carrying water, etc., kgare ; to
put something on the head as
a cushion for water pot, etc.,
garla; to put anything (as a
cushion) between things so as
to keep them steady, garla.
Custom. A custom or habit,
mokgwa, temal, loc, ta-
mal; a wont, botlwal ; a
tax or tribute, lekgth; a
regular custom, mokgwa oa
gale le yanon.
Cur, to. Sega. To cut a thick
thing, eegaganya; a cut, or
cutting, tsheg j to cut, or hew
much, sheketla; to cut badly,
or be blunt, dilahala; to cut
or chop off a shoulder from a
carcass, hamola; to cut, or
chop down by the backbone, >
removing leg, shoulder, and
ribs, kgkgtha; to cut, or
chop down the Twiddle of a
backbone, tsatsaraganya; # to
cut into thin pieces, or strips,
glla ; to cut meat or hide
into long, strips, tlhokolotsa;
to cut meat into large pieces,
kgabetla; to cut meat into
small pieces, or mince it,
kgabetlela ; to cut up meat for
cooking, dihla nama; to cut
meat into thick pieces, reolola;
to cut up pumpkin for cooking,
gabla; to cut off pumpkin
rind, or bad part of meat,
setolotsa; cut a hole for a
patch, dibola; to cut circularly,
as a hide for rhiems, dikolola ;
to cut through or sever with
one cut, tipola, sipola, sibola;
to cut down the middle with
au axe, chabaganya; to cut or
chop across, rma; to cut or
chop by splitting, hapha,
hatsa, phatlola; to cut straight
down the middle, tsarola ha
gare; to cut open a sore or
swelling, ara ; to cut deep into
a sore, arla; to cut a large
opening into a sore, abola; to
cut down the stomach of an
animal, roposa ; to cut length-
wise down the middle, or cut
asunder, hatola; to cut with
a knife as with a saw, stlha;
to cut open lengthwise, aro-
ganya ; to cut open a roasted
kid, khaea; to cut, or trim
round a skin after braying,
sekeletsa; to cut by putting
the knife under, and jerking,
ragola; to cut across, or make
a short cut, kabama, rapama;
I will cut across to the path,
ke tla rapamla tsela; ke tla
kabamla tsela j to cut up


69
meat, kgaga; to cut off at a
joint, lokolola ; to cut off twigs
and shoots, tlhokotla; to cut
off, or sever, kgaola, poma; to
cut off from church fellowship,
kgaola; to cut off a patch of
hair, dibola; to cut hair off
close, or shear, beola; to cut
with a sharp knife or axe, as
the sinew of an animal, shetla;
to cut hair with scissors, kuta;
to cut hair unevenly, kuta ; to
cut much, or in many places,
segaka; to cut off a piece of
meat, etc., while holding it in
the mouth, setlhla; to cut or
slice meat, beka ; to cut a tense
rhiem, thapola; to cut up
grass, etc., with a spade, kgba.
Dabble in water, to. Pha-
chanya; phacbakganya.
Dagga, or Indian hemp. Mato-
kwane. Wild dagga, tlha-
shunyele; pipe for smoking
dagga, naka.
Daily. Ka malatsi aotlhe.
Dainty, in eating, to be. Sinama.
Daisy. A shrub with daisy-like
flower, logl.
Dale. See Valley.
Dam. A dam across a stream,
morath ; a hole for pouring
water into, ledibla; a dam for
storing water, tam (hybrid).
Damage,' to. Dihcla mashw.
To do damage to or for, senye-
tsa ; damage, or fault, molato;
damage, or loss, lehuma; dam-
age, or destruction, tsheny,
tshenyg.
Damn. See Curse.
Damp. To make damp or wet,
nona ; it is damp, se nonne.
Dampness. Lonla. Dampness
after rain, bokgla.
Damsel, a. See Girl.
Dance, to. Bina. To dance the
bogwra dance, rupa ; to dance
with another, bela; I will
dance with him, ke tla mmela;
I will dance with the woman,
ko tla bela mosadi; to dance
together (of two people), be-
lana; to dance up to, and away
from, rara, tshela ; an all-night
dance round a' fire at the close
of the boy ale ceremony,
thyana; the whipping dance
in the bogwra, secho; a dance,
pin,pina; a dance tune, pina ;
to worship by dancing, bina.; to
dance or quiver, as water in a
breeze, phaphascla; to cause
the body to quiver in dancing,
phaphasla.
Dancer, a. Mmini.
Dandle, to. Akgola.
Danger. Diphatsa, sing, and pi.
He is in danger, o mo di-
phatsen, o mo mashwen; o
mo bobin; a time of danger,
lobaka loa mash we, lobaka loa
mabe, lobaka loa diphatsa;
he ventured into danger, though
warned, a ea bela, a itsiba
ditsb.
Dangerous. A dangerous path,
tsela ea diphatsa; tsela e e
leshw.
Dangle. To hang down, lepc-
lla ; to cause to hang down,
lepeletsa.
Dare. He will dare, or try, o
tla leka ; he will dare to do, or
he wont fear to do, ga a ketla
a boiha go diha; we dare, or
are bold to go in, re pelokgale
go tsna.
Daring, or Brave. Pelokgale.
Daring, or rash, pelompe.
Dark. To become dark, hihala;
it is dark, go lehihi; a dark
house, ntlo e e lehihi; to grope
in the dark, see Grope.
Darkened, to become. Hihala.
To be darkened by, hihadiwa
ke.
Darkness. Lehihi; phihal. A
slight darkness, lehicwana ; an
expression denoting pitch dark-
ness, khuru ; it is pitch dark,
lehihi ya re hla ya re khuru.
Darling, a. Moratwi; moratwa.
Darn, to. Tlhamaganya,


70
Dart. An arrow, mocwi; to
dart out, photsga; to dart out
the tongue, as a snake, ntsha
loleme; to dart out upon, or
jump out upon, as a lion or
dog, kgomogla, kgogogla;
to dart down, as a hawk, cu-
ulala.
Dash. To dash to the ground,
ntaanya; to dash to pieces,
phatlakanya, rabanya; to dash
or throw down a heavy thing,
piriganya.
Date. A time, motlha, lobaka.
Daub, to. Tladika.
Daughter, a. Morwadia. My
daughter, morwadiak; thy
daughter, morwadio; his
daughter, morwadi; Taus
daughter, morwadia Tau,
morwadi Tau.
Daughter-in-law. Mans
daughter-in-law, same as child;
a womans daughter-in-law,
nwetsi.
Dawn. Phpa; bophpa. At
dawn, ka bosasa; just as dawn
begins, makuku; ka mapha-
kela; just after dawn, ka ph-
pahal; until the dawn, go
tsamaea bosa boa sa ; as it
began to dawn, bosigo bo setse
bo sa.
Day, a, Letsatsi; motlha;
motsi. To-day, gompiyeno,
ka yeno; day and night, mo-
tshegare le bosigo; the day after
to-morrow, ka mosh o monwe;
some day, motlha monwe; on
the eighth day, e rile ka tsatsi
ya bo 8; the other day, or a
little time ago, malba; for a
penny a day, ka pne ka letsatsi.
Daybreak. Just as dawn begins,
raaphakela, makuku; after
dawn and before sunrise, ma-
mosh ; to set out at daybreak,
phakla; at daybreak, ka bo-
phpa.
Daystar. Naledi ea bo sa.
Dazzle. To dazzle or be daz-
zling, hatlhaj to be dazzled
and uuable to see, as by the
sun, shadia; he is dazzled, o
shadiegile ; to become dazzled,
hatlhga matlh.
Dead. He is dead, o shule, o
hetile, ga a ee; he is nearly
dead, no hope remaining, o
gauhe go shwa; he is nearly
dead, but will probably recover,
oa gomla go shwa; he was
nearly dead, but recovered, o
gomile go shwa; they came to
say that he was dead, ba le ba
tla go mo latola; they came to
tell us that he was dead, ba lo
ba tla go re mo latolla ; to be
nearly dead, gorga; she is not
dead, ga a shwa; a dead one,
setoto; onenearly dead, serepa;
to be dead in large numbers,
gatlampulga; dead or be-
numbed, setlashu, segacu; a
dead person, moshwi; a useless
thing, or a person as good as
dead, sesho ; to fall down dead,
or die suddenly, phatloga.
Deadness. Ncho. Deadness
or numbness, setlashu, segacu.
Deaf. He is deaf, o shushu, o
boshushu; they are deaf, ba
boshushu.
Deafness. Boshushu.
Deal. To deal or have dealings
with, talana le, tlana le,
dihana le.
Dear. To be dear or beloved,
ratga; my dear, moratwi oa
me; my dear friend, tsala ea
me e e ratgan; dear in price,
tur (hybrid).
Dearth. Famine, loshekedi;
drought, leuba.
Death. Losho. To lose a horse
by death, shwlwa ke pitse;
to bring near to death, gra;
to come near to death, gorga;
sudden death from some un-
known cause, sephatlo; a death
wail, or cry of an animal,
pokll.
Debar. They debar him from
leaving, ba mo tlhokisa tsela j


lie is debarred from leaving,
people refusing to point out
the way, o kganecwe tsela, o
tatecwe tsela.
Debate, a.^ Kgan. To debate,
tsaea kgan, ganlana, ganalana;
to debate with, ganla le,
ganlaDa le; to debate or
reason in ones mind, akanya.
Debauchery. Riotous mirth
or pleasure, tlhaplj fornica-
tion, boaka.
Debility. Boka.
Debris. Debris of a ruined
house, leshope; rubbish float-
ing on, or left by water,
kgogodi.
Debt, a. Molato. Part of a
stipulated price remaining un-
paid, seshugaj to pay part of
a debt, chwisa; pay me part of
a debt, nchwisa.
Debtor, a. Eo o molato. Those
who are our debtors, ba ba len
ba le molato le rona.
Decapitate, to. Kgaola tlhg.
Decay, to. Bla. To cause to
decay, bodisa; to decay, or
grow old (of things), nala; to
be quite soft from decay, as
putrid meat, cheretlhagana,
cheretlhga.
Deceit* Tsiec ; ttahal ; bo-
helepa; boherehere.
Deceitful. To be deceitful or
false, herekana; to become
deceitful, or act deceitfully,
ltsahala, rethehala.
Deceitfulness. Tsiec.
Deceive,to. Tsietsa; ltsahatsa.
To deceive by fair promises,
rethehatsa; to deceive by false
statements, herekana; to de-
ceive by denying possession of
what one has, or knowledge of
what one knows, lba; to de-
ceive by lying, or by promising
and not performing, hora; to
deceive oneself, itsietsa, iphora;
to become deceived, tsietsga.
Deceiver, a. Motsietsi; lehere-
bere; lehereck; lecwalanga.
December. Sedimothulwe.
Decently. Sentl hla, katshi-
am.
Deception. See Deceit.
Decide. To decide a dispute,
atlhola; to decide in favour
of, atlholla.
Decision. A decision or award,
katlhol.
Deck. To deck, or adorn, kgaba.
Declare. To say, raea; to
cause to know, itsisej. to re-
late, kakanya.
Decorate, to. Kgaba.
Decoy. To tempt, rala; to
entice, hpa.
Decrease. To decrease, ntla-
hala; to cause to decrease, or
make small, ntla.
Decree. A law, mola; an
injunction, ta; a word, le-
hoko.
Deed. An act, tih j a writing,
lokwal.
Deep. Ten. Very deep, ten teii;
it is deep, se ten, se boten;
deep, as a vessel, or an empty
sore, kgampu; this sea is _not
* deep, lewatla ye ga le boten.
Deer. See Buck.
Defame, to. Pateletsa.
Defeat, to. Henya. To be de-
feated, henwa.
Defect. A fault, molato; a
deformity, bogl.
Defence, a. Pheml; phem.
An answering for oneself ,ikara-
bl; a weapon of defence,
sehem.
Defend. To defend oneself,
hema; to defend another,
hemla; defend, or answer for
oneself, ikarabla; to defend,
or stand by, ma noken; to
defend, or stand over, kama.
Defender, a. Mohemedi.
Defer. To adjourn, thinya.
Defiance. Bogwantaj bodipa.
To act in defiance of, gwanta.
Defiant, to be. Gwanta. To
act defiantly, or be headstrong,
ttlga.


Defile. To make filthy, leshwe-
hatsa, itshepolola ; to contami-
nate evilly, cwaetsa, rma,
hpha; to walk in single file,
boplla; a defile, or pass,
kgr.
Deformed, to become. Gla-
hala; it is deformed, e gola-
hetse; a deformed person or
thing, segl.
Deformity. Bogl; seglc.
Defy. To despise, nyatsa; to
upbraid, kgba.
Defraud, to. Tsietsa.
Degenerate. To become worse,
keketsga; to become un-
trained, katologa.
Degree. One of low degree,
khutsana.
Degrees, by. Ka thahol.
Delay. To detain, dia; to bo
detained, diwa; to delay a
long time, inala, mama; to
procrastinate, nyahala; to be-
come delayed, or to tarry,
diga.
Deliberate, or slow. Bodiki.
To deliberate, or think, gopola;
to deliberate, or reason, akanya.
Deliberation, or slowness.
Bodiki.
Delight. To rejoice, itumla;
to please, kgatlha; a delight,
kgatlhg; to be delighted,
kgatlhwa; to become delighted,
kgatlhga.
Delirious, to be. Buabua. He
is delirious, o tlhakanye tlhg.
Deliver. To set free, golola;
to take out, ntsha ; to give to,
nla; to deliver from evil,
golola mo boshulen ; delivered
or confined. See Birth.
Deliverance, a. Kgolol..
Deliverer, a. Mogolodi.
Delude, to. Tsietsa.
Demeanour. Tsama.
Demolish. To destroy, senya;
to pull down, or break down,
rutla, rutlolola.
Demonstrate, to. Shupa.
Den. A cave, monb. A natural
pit, monb; a lions sleeping
place, serubi sa tau.
Dense, to become. Kweua. It
is dense, se kwenne; to be
dense, as a thicket, cuba; to be
dense, as a swarm of locusts,
or a crowd, phikama.
Density, or denseness. Bo-
kwen.
Deny, to. Latola. To be of a
contrary opinion, kgala; to
deny a fault, latola; to deny
a fault in oneself, itatola; to
deny falsely that one has a
thing, lba ; to deny falsely to
another, lbla; to deny, or
refuse to acknowledge, itatola ;
they denied his existence, ba
mo latola; he denied that he
was guilty of this, a se itatola;
to deny, or contradict, ganetsa ;
deny me, intatola; he denied
himself, or stinted himself
food, o la a itima diy.
Depart, to. Tioga; emoga;
katoga; tlhomoga; huduga. To
depart from, or leave, tlogcla ;
depart hence, tloga ha; he
departed from them, o la a ba
tlogla; they departed from
him (of a person who had been
surrounded), ba le ba mo kaolo-
gla ; to depart from one place
in order to go to another, cwla
kwa.
Departure, a. Sehular; polol.
After his departure, sehularon
sa gagw.
Depend upon, or trust in.
Ikanya.
Depose. To give testimony,
shupa.
Deprave, to. Rma; hepba.
Depravity. Boikp; boshula.
Deprive. To deprive of, tsla,
tlhakola; to deprive of food
by taking the largest share,
amola ; to deprive of by making
away with, lolora; to deprive
of, or rob, thukhutha.
Depth. Boten. Depth of earth,
boten yoa mbu; to try the


depth of water, lokolcla, leke-
letsa.
Derange. To scatter about,
halatsa, gasa, gasagasa, rula-
ganyolola.
Deride, to. Sbotla; nnla;
tshcga; he derides me, oa
shotla ka nna.
Derision. Cotl; nnl.
Descend, to. Hologa; pagologa.
To descend from, hologa mo ;
to descend on the other side,
tsetlamla; to descend in a
line, as cattle down a hill,
rcpologa ; to descend suddenly,
kgokologa, kodumola; to de-
scend suddenly to,kgokologla;
to descend from a mountain,
hologa mo lencwen, hologa
lencw; a thiDg to descend
by, seholog; to descend from
a height, pagologa; to descend
in a slanting direction, ribama.
Descendant, a. Nwana, bo-
tsal. A grandchild, setlogolo;
a great grandchild, kokomana,
setlogolwana.
Descent, a. Pholog; boholog.
A gradual descent, mokgoko-
losa, mokl, Int. ; an abrupt
descent, molto dumetsa.
Describe. To point out, kaea;
to relate, kakanya; to tell,
bolla.
Desecrate, to. Itshepolola.
Desert. A waterless or desert
land, lehatshe ya sekaka; the
desert, kgalagadi; the desert
side, to the north west, bolala ;
to desert, tlogla, cwa; they
desert him, ba mo cwa; they
desert me, ba ncwa ; a dweller
in the desert, mokgalagadi; a
deserted, or ruined house,
leshope ; a deserted, or unin-
habited house, letltla.
Deserter from a regiment, a.
Legatlapa.
Deserve, to. Chwanlwa. Ho
deserves to die, o chwanet.se
go shwa; we deserve to be
. beaten, rea chwanlwa ke go
bediwa; things which we de-
serve, dil tse re di chwanetsen;
a deserving one, mochwanedi.
Design. To purpose, ikaclla.
Designate, to. Kaea.
Desirable. Eletscga. Precious,
ratga.
Desire, to. Eletsa; rata. To
desire to have, or covet, iplio-
tlha; a desire, keleco.
Dicsirous, to be. llata.
Desk. A table, lomati; a box,
letlole.
Desolate, to. Senya. It is loft
to you desolate, lo c tlogelecwe
kgakgabal.
Desolation. Kgakgabal. De-
struction, tshonyg.
Despair. Nomoga; iiomogela
polo ; tlhoboga ; tlhbga ; to
cease hoping, sholohologa;
they despair of, or give up
hoping for him, ba mo tlho-
boga ; to cause to despair,
tlhobosa.
Despairer, a. Motlhobogi.
Despatch. To send (of persons),
roma ; to send (of things), isa.
Desperate. To become despe-
rate, sholohologa; a desperate
person, mosh'olohologi.
Despicable, to become. Nya-
tsega.
Despise, to. Nyatsa. To bo
despised, nyadiwa; to refuse
to hear or accept, cwitla; to
regard as worthless, kgbtla ;
to drive away with contempt,
koba; to despise others through
pride, ipga; to despise food,
or turn up ones nose at it,
ttlga, nyklga.
Despite. To do despite unto,
rumola.
Despitefully, to use. Gobo-
lola.
Despond. To despond, or be
despondent, nodia, nodiega;
to give up hope, tlhoboga,
tlhbga.
Despondency. Nodig.
Destitute, to be. Iohaia. I


am destitute, ke loshai; to be
destitute as a fugitive, ipho-
tlhere; to be destitute, or in
need, maramara.
Destroy, to. Senya; nyeletsa ;
ltla; rophehatsa; to destroy,
or lick up, as war, lakaila, laila.
Destroyed, to become. Seny-
ga; salalagana; to become
destroyed in large numbers,
gatlampulga.
Destroyer, a. Mosenyi.
Destruction. A destroying,
tsheriy; a being destroyed,
tshenyg; destruction from
high winds, strife, etc., dikgo-
lob ; a casting away, tatlhg.
Detach. See Separate. To
become detached, as fallen
stones from a cliff, manologa.
Detachment. A regiment, mo-
phat ; a detachment for war,,
spying, etc., bonokwane.
Detain, to. Dia. To be de-
tained, diwa.
Detect, to. Phoroina. He has
been detected in adultery, o
phoromilwe mo boakeii.
Deteriorate morally, to.
Beha.
Determine, to: Ikalla ; itlh-
ma. To be determined for
something, gakalla.
Determination. Boikall;
boikan; boitlhm.
Detest, to. Ila; tlha.
Detestation, a. Moila.
Detract. To accuse falsely,
pateletsa.
Devastate, to. Senya.
Deviate. To turn aside, hapoga;
to wander, timcla.
Device, a. Lean; toga maan j
tog maan.
Devise. To devise, or devise
plans, loga maan.
Devote. To give to, ncla.
Devour, to. Metsa.
Dew. Mony ; monye, Int.
Dewlap of an ox. Lobodu;
lebodu.
Diaphragm, a. Locwal.
DiARRH(EA. Lochga; mochg;
motabog; to have diarrhoea,
taboga, cholola, tshaba mo
malen, tshabisiwa ke mala.
Dibble, to. Kabla.
Dice. A small bone dice, bola,
pi. mala; a small dice, re-
garded as female, pubagadi,
kgatshane; a large dice, re-
garded as male, moremogolo,
segarwe; to cast dice, tshla
bola, thla bola; to decide a
matter by the dice, laola ka
bola.
Did. I did love, ka le ka rata;
I did not love, ga kea ka ka
rata, ke le ke se ka ka rata;
he did it long ago, ga a bolo a
se diha, o kile a se diha; he
did not go away, a sa ka a
tsamaea; those who did not
go, ba ba sa kan ba ea; he was
as if he did not any longer
think, a nna yaka ga a tlhole a
gopola; they did not know,
ba sa ka ba itse; as the chief
did in this land, yaka kgosi e
kile ea diha mo lehatshifi. ye.
See paradigm of verb.
Die, to. Shwa. To die sud-
denly, tsakuga, campga,
kantsga, phatloga; to die
after a long illness, or from
starvation, gonoga; to die in
large numbers (of people or
animals), rbkga; to die^ in
the water, shwela mo metsin;
to be about to die, gorga; he
was about to die, o la a letse
loa go shwa; he nearly died,
but recovered, o gomile go
shwa; a thing that is sure to
die, sekashwa ; he is sure to die,
o gauhe go shwa ; a spot where
an animal has died, sebibi;
sehihi.
Differ. To differ from, ganla
le; to differ, or disagree, as
news, or stories, hapana; tshe-
lepana; to differ or vary in
an account of an occurrence,
akgana; to differ from, harolo-


gana; it differs from the other,
e harologanye me go e nwe.
Difference, a. Chwanolog. A
difference of opinion, kgan.
Different, to become. Chwano-
loga ; to make different, chwa-
nolola; they are different, ba
sa chwane, ga ba chwane; a
different language, pu e sele.
Differently. Go sele; ka go
sele.
Difficult. Thata. Difficult, or
heavy, borale ; to be too diffi-
cult, retela; it is too difficult
for me, go nthetlla; very
difficult, or almost impossible,
senkadi.
Difficulty. Bothata. To be
surrounded, or hemmed in with
difficulty, kaila; to surround,
or hem in with difficulty, kaidisa.
Dig, to. pa. To dig up, or
out, epolola; to dig and throw
out earth with hands, hata; to
dig superficially so as to cut off
grass, etc., kbitla; to dig, or
plough, lema; to dig for water>
cpa metse; to dig or hollow
out on one side, after digging
straight down, garuba; to dig
into an animals hole at a dis-
tance from the opening, and in
the direction the hole points,
arc la.
Digger, a. Moepi.
Digging, a. Kp.
Dignity. A dignity, or impor-
tant personage, mogolo; digni-
ties, bagolo.
Diligently. I sought him dili-
gently, ke lo mmatla ka tlha-
hal; ke le ka ichka mo go
mmatlen.
Dilute. To dilute or dissolvo,
tlhaolosa; to dilute, or make
less strong to the taste, tima;
to become diluted, tlhaologa.
Dim. To become tarnished,
kgna ; dim or dimness, looto ;
the sun is dim, letsatsi le looto;
a dim light, lorotho, lorothana.
Diminish, to. Okocolola. To
take meat out of a full pot,
tlhatlolola ; to take milk, etc.,
out of a full pot, hokotsa; to
diminish for, liokoletsa; to
diminish weight, hokotsa bo-
kete ; to become diminished,
hokotsga.
Diminutive. See Small.
Dimness. Looto.
Din. See Noise.
Dinge. To dinge in a yielding
substance with the flat part of
a finger end, tobetsa; to dinge
in with the point of a finger,
kgtla.
Dingy. To become tarnished,
kgna; it is tarnished, se
kgonne; to become dingy, or
old, nala.
Dip, to. Ina. To dip for, inla;
to dip oneself, ikina; to dip, as
a sop in soup, etc., nama; to
be dipped, namiwa.
Direct, to. Kala; lala. To
go direot to a place, lolama; to
direct straight to a place, lola-
misa; to take a direct course,
siama ; to direct or instruct in
a work, kala mo tihoii.
Direction, a. Kal. A direc-
tion, or copy, seka; in all
directions, mo ntlben cotlhe.
Dirt. Rubbish, or sweepings,
mabebe; matlakala; dirt caused
by spilt fat, etc., matladika;
dirt removed by the smearing
of a doctor, or by rubbing hands
or face, diphrla.
Dirty. Lesliw ; mashw ; rape ;
dimp. To be dirty, mokgona;
it is dirty, se mokgona, se
makgomoku, se makgm; to
be dirty, or tarnished, kgna;
it is tarnished, se kgonne; to
be dirty, or smudged, as with
grease, milk, etc., kgamatha;
kganatha; to dirty clothes with
grease, etc., tladikaj to dirty
oneself with grease, etc., itla-
dika.
Disagree. Ganlaua; ganalana.
To disagree with what another


has stated, gancla; to disagree,
or differ, as stories, hapana;
tshelepana; to disagree, or
differ in an account of an occur-
rence, akgana.
Disagreeable. Motlhatlha. To
become disagreeable or unplea-
sant to, shwabala; it is dis-
agreeable to him, se sliwahetse
go cna, se sliwahetse mo go
na.
Disagreement, a. Kgan.
Disappear, to. Hela ; nyclcla;
nyercga. To disappear (of
clouds), anoga; to disappear,
by running fast, liadima; to
disappear below the horizon,
or over the brow of a hill,
klmla ; ktlmla ; to dis-
appear from among people, no
one knows how, nonwacla; to
disappear, as darkness, rain,
etc., sa; to cause to disappear,
hedisa.
Disappoint, to. Shwabisa.
Disappointed, to be. Shwaba.
To become disappointed or
grieved, shula pelo; I am dis-
appointed or grieved, pelo ea
me e shudile; to look disap-
pointed, tlhonya, beha.
Disarrange, to. Tsenkolola.
Disavow, to. Latola; itatola..
Discern, to. Harologanya. To
discern between, harologanya
mo.
Discernment. Pharologany.
Discharge. To set free, golola;
to unload, olola, laolola, bele-
golola; a discharge, as of blood,
cholog.
Disciple, a. Morutwi; morutwa.
Discipline, a child, to. Gapa.
Discontent. Nnreg.
Discontentkd, to be. Betwa
kapelo. Togrumble, niirga.
Discord. Kgan.
Discourage, to. Nodiegisa
pelo ; to be discouraged,
nodiega, shwa pelo.
Discover, to. Bna. To dis-
cover people hiding, or animal
asleep, kwaa; to discover, or
come upon, wla; to be dis-
covered, wlwa.
Discrepancy. There is a dis-
crepancy in these words, ma-
hoko a a hapana; go tlhokile
segw mo mahokun a.
Discretion. To come to years
of discretion, go cwa motho.
Discriminate, to. Harologanysr.
Discuss, to. Tsaea kgan. To
discuss a matter, as a proposed
marriage, etc., rcra.
Discussion, a. Kgan.^ There
is discussion, go kgan; they
still have a discussion, ba sa
ntse ba na le kgan.
Disease, a. Pobol ; bolwetse.
Foot and mouth disease in
cattle, botct; to draw out a
disease with the mouth, as a
heathen doctor, dupa.
Disembowel. To cut down the
stomach in order to disembowel,
roposa.
Disentangle, to. Rarabolola.
To become disentangled, rara-
bologa.
Disgrace, a. Molato.
Disguise. To alter oneself,
iphetola ; to put on other
clothes, ikapesa diapar di sele,
to go about among people in
disguise, ikgakisa batho.
Disgust. To surfeit, tena; to
be surfeited, tenwa; to disgust,
or turn another away from in
disgust, tentsha; you make
this person disgusted with me,
u ntentsha motho eo; to be-
come disgusted, tencga.
Dish, a. Seyana. A wooden
bowl, mogocana, mogocwana;
to dish up food, chola, raha ;
dish up for them, ba cholcla;
to take food out of a dish, chola.
Dishearten. See Discourage.
Dishonour, to. Tlotlolola.
Disinherit, to. Rutlola.
Dislike, to. Tlha. He dis-
likes them, o ba tlhoile; oa
tlhanya nab; to dislike, or


cease to like what one liked
before, gla; they disliked
him, or no longer liked him, ba
le ba glga mo go na; I dis-
like it, or do not like it, ga ke
se rate ; a dislike, tlh.
Dislocate. To be dislocated,
khwiga ; the arm is dislocated,
lecg le khwicwe.
Dismay. To terrify or dismay,
rra.
Dismiss, to. Naea tsela. To be
dismissed, nwa tsela ; to cause
to disperse, halatsa, phatla-
latsa.
Dismount, to. Pagolola.
Disobedience. Go bisa go
utlwa; botlhkakutl.
Disobedient, to become. Na-
loga. One who is disobedient,
sehph.
Disobey. To disobey a com-
mand, tlola taol.
Disorder. Maharatlhatlha. To
disorder, or disarrange, tsenko-
lola, rulaganyolola.
Disorderly. It is in a disorderly
state, ^ e maharatlhatlha ; to
make into, or place things in a
disorderly state, haratlhatlha-
nya.
Disparagingly. To speak dis-
paragingly, and so hurt the
feelings, kgbtla.
Dispel. To drive away, llka.
Disperse. To disperse, or spread
abroad, lialala, phatlalala; to
disperse, as clouds, shwaalala ;
to disperse, as a crowd, tutu-
mologa; to cause to disperse,
halatsa, phatlalatsa; a disper-
sion, phaladi, phatlalal ; a
being dispersed, phatlalac.
Display. To display, as a trader
his goods, anga, atlga.
Displease, to. Kgopa; kgopisa.
To be displeased, kgocwa; to
be displeased without a cause,
, betoga; he was much dis-
pleased, a bo a kgopilwe thata.
Dispose of, to. Naea.
Dispute, to. Ganlaj tatalala;
busabusaliya; ganetsanya. To
dispute together persistently,
tatalalana; a persistent dis-
puter, setatalala.
Disputation, a. Kgan.
Disrepute, to come into. Nya-
tsga.
Dissatisfied, to be. Betoga;
betwa ke pelo. To grumble,
nnrga ; to be dissatisfied,
as with a purchase, shblla.
Dissatisfaction. Leshbll.
Dissemble, to. Itimokanya.
Dissembler, a. Moitimokanyi.
Dissembling. Boitimokany.
Dissension. Strife, kgan; re-
bellion, cuulol.
Dissent, to. Gana. To dissent
from, by a noise made by lips,
otsa.
Dissimulation. Boitimokany.
Dissipation. Much frivolity,
nyalakg.
Dissolve. To become melted,
tlhapologa, tlhaologa; to cause
to dissolve, tlhapolosa, tlliao-
losa.
Distance. Lobaka; sebaka. A
short distance, kgakalanyana,
kgakayana, lobaka lo se lope ;
a very short distance, lobaka lo
se lopane ; to pass by, or keep
at a distance, kgetla, kakologa ;
to keep at a distance through
fear, kakoba; they move for-
ward, or go a short distance,
ba ea mashut ; along distance,
bokgakala, sekgala^ kgala; I
saw him a long distance off,
ke le ka mmna ha kgaleii; to
move to a distance, katoga; to
move to a distance from, kato-
gla; to move to a distance
from each other, katogana ;
they went to a distance from
the mountain, ba katogla
lencw ka kgakala; to be at
a distance from each other,
kakologana; to keep at a dis-
tance and avoid, iphapanya le.
Distant. Kgakala.
Distaste. To have a distaste


for, ila; I have a distaste for
it, ga ke se rate.
Distend, to. Gagamatsa. To
become distended, or stretched
out, gagamala; distended (of
nostrils), maphara.
Distinct. To make distinct (of
letters nearly rubbed out),
tlhabolola.
Distinction, a. Tlhaol; pharo-
logany. To make a distinction,
tlhaola, harologanya.
Distinguish, to. Harologanya.
To distinguish between fear
and anger, go harologanya mo
poihon le mo bogadin; a dis-
tinguished, or well-known per-
son, motho eo o itsegen; a
distinguished, or noted person,
motho oa bonatla; a dis-
tinguishing mark by which a
person or animal can be recog-
nised, sel.
Distort. To distort, or mis-
represent words, rlla; to
become distorted, or changed
(of a countenance), behga.
Distract, to. Akgaakga. To
become distracted, akgaakgga.
Distraction or Doubt. Kaka-
bal.
Distress. Khutsahal ; bohu-
tsana; tlall; masetlana. To
distress, hutsahatsa, tlhoko-
hatsa, patika, tlalla ; to be dis-
tressed or sorrowful, tlallwa;
to be distressed, or oppressed,
patikga.
Distribute, to. Abla. To be-
come distributed, or to spread
over, harahara.
Distribution, a. Kabl.
Distrust. To <;ease to trust,
ikanyologa; to doubt, belala;
distrust, or doubt, pelal; a
ceasing to trust, boikanyo-
log.
Disturb, to. Heretlha. To dis-
arrange, tsenkolola; to become
disturbed, heretlhga.
Disturbance, a. Pheretlh. A
commotion, phudug; a dis-
turbing, pheretlhg ; to cause
a disturbance, heretlha.
Ditch, a, or Gully. Lonp,
pi. manp.
Dive, to. Ithnbuetsa ; itho-
buetsa; inyeletsa. To rise to
the surface after a dive, biloga.
Diverge. To diverge, as path:*,
lomologana.
Divers diseases. Malwetse
man we le man we.
Divide, to. Kgaola; poma. To
separate, kgaoganya; to divide
into parts, aba ; to be divided
into parts, aywa, abiwa ; to
divide, or select, tlhaola ; to
divide, or cause divisions among
people, kgakgamologanya, kha-
mologanya; to divide cattle
into lots for drinking, etc.,
noketsa, rahola; to divide into
parties, or isolated ^ groups,
kumagana ; to be divided into
parties, kumaganwa ; to divide
for, abla; to divide meat for,
or carve for, khala ; to divide
among each other, abalana,
ablana; to divide among the
people, abalanya batho ; to
divide, as in arithmetic, leka-
nyetsa; to divide contending
parties, tsiriganya; to divide,
or part asunder, as water, kaka-
bolosa ; to be divided, as water,
kakabologa; to be divided
against oneself, ikgaogana ; to
divide lengthwise, or cleave
asunder, aroganya ; they are
divided into groups or parties,
di beilwe dikonwakonwane ; to
become divided or broken,
kgaoga.
Dividing Line, a. Motsila.
Divination. T.
Divine. Semodimo (hybrid).
Diviner, a. Moloi.
Divinity. Modimo tta; bomo-
dimo (hybrid).
Division. As in arithmetic,
tekanyeco ; a part of anything,
lekgathi; a division between
two rows, motsila; a division


between people, kgaogan,
kgakgamologan, khamolog j
a division, or chapter, kgaol.
Divorce, a. Tlhalan. To
divorce, tlhala; to be divorced,
tlhalwa ; a writing of divorce,
lokwal loa tlhalan.
Dizzy. To be dizzy or giddy,
dimokana; I am dizzy, ke
chwerwe ke sedidi.
Dizziness. Sedidi.
Do, to. Diba. To do for,
dihla; to have to do with,
ikama; wbat do you do ? u
dihan ? do you read ? a ua bala ?
you do not read, ga u bale, ga
ua bala; do I not read ? a ga
kea bala ? a ga ke bale ? do
not go away, u se ketla u
tsamaea, u se tsama; do not
steal, u se ucw; do not let it
be thought, a go se gopolwe ;
do not do thus, u se dih yalo;
do so diha yalo! dihan yalo
what was he doing? o la a
dihan ? o la a diha en ?
Docile. (Of people), bori; docile
(of animals), bokgwabo.
Docility. Bori; bokgwabo.
Doctor, a. Naka; moalahi. To
doctor, alaha ; to doctor a per-
son so as to protect him from
danger, uplla.
Doctoring, a. Kalah ; kalahi;
boiiaka.
Document, a. Lokwal.
Dodge. To dodge, so as to avoid
or escape, tila, thmlkana,
rella.
Doersla. Senwedi.
Dog, a. Nca, pi. dinca; mpsa,
Int.. A dog, as distinguished
from a bitch, seheke; a lean,
starved dog, mokgara; an old
and poor dog, motau; a wild
dog, leteane, lekanyana, le-
tlhalerwa; to scratch a hole,
as a dog, hata; a sleeping
place of a dog, or a hole
scratched in the ground, kutla ;
to snap at, as a dog, kgogogla ;
to snap as a dog, kgogoga; to
copulate (of a dog), lieka ; to
copulate (of a bitch), hekwa;
to be angry, as a dog, tlhonya ;
to doctor a dog so as to make it
fierce, galodisa; the medicine
for making a dog fierce,
kgalola ; a dogs lying-in place,
serubi; a little dog, ncana;
the dog is angry, nca e tlhontse.
Dogged. A dogged or sullen
person, lenonobi; to be dogged,
khutloga.
Doll, a. Sechwanch; pope
(hybrid).
Domineer, to. Dipahala. A
domineering porsou, modipa,
mrtlwe.
Dominion, to have. Busa.
Done. You have done well to
come, u yahile u tie ; to bo
done, or happen, dihala.
Doom. To doom to evil, hutsa.
Door, a. Secwal. Doorway,
a, moyak, kgr, phata; a
doorpost, moyak; a doorstep,
serepudi; the lintel of a door,
searam, phak ea moyak;
at the door, ha moyak ; to
open an English made door,
bula; to open a Secwana door,
aegolola; to shut an English
door, cwala; to shut a Sec-
wana door, aga; to lean to,
or be partially closed (of a
door), phekalga; to go in at a
door, tsna ka kgr ; to rap a
door once, khwanya, kgwanya,
konya; to rap at a door again
and again, khwanyakhwanya,
kgwanyakgwanya, konyakonya.
Dormant, to be. Bbala.
Dot, a. Selabe.
Dotage, to be in. Gokgahala.
Double. To double or crimp
up, hutaganya; to become
doubled up, or bent: up, as
fingers in illness, kgrpana;
to double or turn round,
menoga.
Doubt. Pelal, kakabal. To
doubt, or doubt about, belala,
blalaj to doubt, or be be^


wildered between two opinions,
akabala; to doubt a3 to the
meaning of what one hears,
etsaetsga; to cause to doubt
:is to the meaning of what one
hears, etsaetsa; to doubt or
hesitate what to do, kgaratscga;
to cause to doubt or hesitate,
kgaratsa; no doubt, gogwa-
gna, ka gna, aitse, kwa o
gna, Int.; to be in doubt as
to a path, akabadiwa ke tsela,
akgaakgga kaga tsela ; they
doubted him, ba le ba
mmelala; he will doubt about
God, o tla belala Modimo.
Doubtable, to be. Belasga;
belaetsga.
Doubter, a. Mmelahadi.
Doubtful. See Doubt.
Doubtfulness. Kgakgaakgg.
Dough. A lump of dough,
leribi.
Dove, a. Lephoi. A rock dove,
or pigeon, letseba, leeba,
leebarope ; a small dove with
long tail, malommi, tseberu;
to coo, as a dove, kuruetsa.
Dovetail,to. Lomana,lomagana.
Down of Pods. Bobea. To
take down, pagolola, lesholola.
Downcast. To be downcast or
fearful, nyra marap ; he is
downcast, o nyerile marap.
Downwards. Kwa tlhatshe, kwa
tlliase.
Dowry, a. Bogadi.
Doze. To doze, or keep quite
still, iptla.
Drag. To drag a thing along
the ground, kgobodisa, gga,
kgokgomisa, kgokgothisa; a
mark made by a thing dragged
along the ground, mogga;
to drag another back, kgothla;
to drag bushes along the
ground, gga; to drag bushes
with oxen, kgobola; to drag
a person along the ground,
kgokgothisa.
Draggle, to. Kgokgotha.
Draw, to. Gga. To draw
matter out of a sore, gpa; to
draw or cause to ripen, as a
boil, budusa; to draw out, or
pull out, khumola; to draw
out, as a knife out of a sheath,
sliomola ; to draw water, ga ;
to draw in, as a leg after
having been stretched out,
namoga; to draw in or back,
as an arm, etc., gona; to draw
back, so as to avoid something,
tila, sisimoga; to draw back,
as the head after peeping out,
gonyetsa; to draw oneself up
tightly, as when lying down,
ikliutaganya; to draw people
together,kgatlhanva batho; to
draw water for, gla ; to draw
water into for, gllla; to
draw, or pull out, as a pole,
tlhomola; to draw out a dis-
ease with the mouth, as a
heathen doctor, dupa; to draw
water by degrees from a weak
spring, cliwapetsa; to draw up
the mouth of a bag by a string
let into it, gogwanya; to draw
together things threaded on a
string, gosetsa.
Drawing out, a. Chomol.
Dread. Poboran; therish. To
dread, boborana; to regard
with a superstitious dread, ila.
Dreadful. Boitshga.
Dream, a. Tr. To dream, or
dream about, lra; he dreamt
about food, o la a lra diy.
Dreamer, a. Molori.
Dregs of Liquid. Thothi;
phophi. Dregs of fat after
melting, bogoko; dregs of beer
after cooking, dintshe.
Drench. To cause to drink,
nosa; to make wet, kolobetsa.
Drenched. See Saturate.
Drenching. A causing to drink,
monosh.
Dress. To dress, apesa, apara;
to dress oneself, apara, ikapesa;
to dress smartly, kgaba; to
dress the hair, hra ; to take
off a dress, apola; an article of


dress, seapar, pi. diapar ; a
womans dress, or frock,
moses.
Dribble. To dribble as a child,
chologa mathe.
Dried. To become dried,
mlcla;- to become dried or
parched, as a throat, kga-
kgabala; dried ditlhetlhwa
berries, chwabi j dried meat or
fruit, loshwab.
Drift, a. See Ford.
Drill a hole, to. Htlha.
Drink, to. Nwa. To cause to
drink, nosa ; a drink, no ; to
give each other to drink,
nosanya; to drink or sip any-
thing hot with a noise, goduma;
to drink a little or take a
mouthful, hupa; to drink a
little again and again, hupla ;
to drink, or swallow quickly,
kampetsa, kalametsa; to drink
greedily, or gulp, kgatholla;
he will make him drink it, o
tla e mo nosa; to drink or lap,
as a cat, lacwa; to drink as a
dog, tlhabuketsa; to drink by
throwing water into the mouth,
kapetsa; to drink while kneel-
ing or lying down tmana.
Drinker of beer, a. Monwa
boyalwa; monwi oa boyalwa.
Drinking. A drinking, or drink,
no; a drinking vessel, se-
nwl; drinking vessels, dil
tse di nwclan.
Drip. To fall in drops, rtha.
Drive, to. Kgwetsa; to drive
out, or oust, rolola; to drive
away, or chase, lclka; to
drive from the garden, llka
mo tshimon; to drive to and
fro, kgarakgatsha; to drive
loose cattle and small things,
gatlla dikgomo le dil; to
drive away with contempt,
koba ; to drive away with im-
patience, gasakanya; to drive
up in clouds, as locusts, birds,
etc., kuulola; to drive into
a corner or enclosed space,
patikcla; to drive animals to
one side, so as to keep them
from others, phaila; to drive
along with others,kgokgweetsa;
to drive slowly or carefully,
pepetletsa; to drive away a
large number, hudula; to drive
fast or overdrive, phula, kho-
bakhobisa, kgotlhakgotlhisa.
Driver, a. Mokgwetsi.
Driving, a. Kgweco. A driving
away, tlk.
Drizzle, to. Na medupe.
Drone, a. Oa bobodu.
Drop, a. Thothi; phophi. A
large drop, as of rain, lero-
thodi; to drop, or drip, rtha;
to drop in, as oil, etc., logetsa;
to drop or slip from the hand,
rella; I dropped oil into his
sore, ke le ka logetsa nth ea
gagw; to drop or pour down,
as honey from a tree, perspira-
tion, etc., la.
Dropsy. Pobol ea metse.
Dross of iron, etc. Lenyl.
Drought. Leuba.
Drove. To go in a drove,
kgoula; a drove of pigs, spring-
bucks, etc., serapa; a drove
of zebras, or other'animals,
letlhape; a drove of oxen,
matlhape; a drove of goats,
marele ; a drove of goats and
sheep mixed, marele, diliu-
tshane; a drove of sheep,
lecomane, lecomana, dihu-
tshane; a small drove of sheep,
leconwane; a drove of lambs,
lonyana; a drove of kids,
lobotsane; a drove of harte-
beests, lotlhaka; a drove of
blesbucks, mosetlha; a drove
of ostriches, lokhukhwa.
Drown, to. Nwla. To causo
to drown, nwedisa; they were
drowned in the sea, ba lo ba
nwcla mo lewatlen.
Drum, a. Moropa. To beat a
drum, letsa moropa.
Drunk. I have drunk, ke nol :
the water will be drunk, metse
F


a tla nowa; I10 is becoming
drunk, o tagwa; he is drunk,
o tagilwe; to make drunk,
as beer, etc., taga; to cause
to be drunk, tagisa; that
which makes people drunk, se
se tagan batho; those who
make people drunk, ba ba
tagisan batho.
Drunkard. Motagwi; letagwa;
motagwa.
Drunken. To rave,^ as a
drunken man, phokella; to
be silly, as a drunken man,
tlbaplwa.
Drunkenness. Tag;botag;
botagwa.
Dry. To become dry, ma,
mlla, omlcla; to cause to
dry, omisa; to become a little
dry, as a wet skin, a plastered
wall, etc., phaphalala, mana;
to make a little dry, phapha-
latsa; the skin is dry, letlal
le manne; the skin has been
dried by the sun, letlal le
mantsicwe ke letsatsi; to dry
up, or become parched, kga-
kgabala; to dry up or make
parched, kgakgabatsa; to dry
up, as water, cha; the water
is dried up, metse a chele; to
dry up, or cease running, kgala;
to dry up, as a milch cow,
husa; to dry up, or cause to
be dry, as sores ; phaphalatsa;
to be dry (of a thirsty mouth),
bataolga; to dry, or become
dried up (of a sore), gamoga;
dry and hard, as a skin, or
rhiem, kwatlapa; to dry up, as
by blotting paper, omisa; a
dry and waterless country,
lokgcrc; dry makatane or
fruit, lonanale; dry, or dried
meat and fruit, loshwab.
Dryness. Komll.
Dubbelje plant. Mostlh.
Dubbelje thorn, tshctlh.
Duck, a. Pelepele (hybrid). A
wild duck, sehudi; a young
wild duck, sehotsana.
Due, a. Cliwanl.
Dug, to become. pga. To
become dug up, epologa.
Dull. They are dull of hearing,
ba kabetse ditsb.
Dumb. He is dumb, o semumu;
a dumb person, semumu; a
dumb spirit, mea oa semumu j
he was dumb, o la a le semumu;
the dumb, ba bomumu; a
dumb ass, esela e e semumu;
to be dumb or silent when
spoken to, tuulala; he is dumb
or silent, o tuuletse molomo; 0
tumots molomo.
Dumbness. Bomumu.
Dumpy. Sepoa; matlaba.
Dun. To come again and again,
boabola.
Dunfly, a. Seboba.
Dung. Wet cattle dung, bolk ;
dry dung, or dust in krall,
lechotl, mochotl; a cake
of dry dung, sebi, pi. dibi; a
lump of dry dung dug out of
krall, bubi, pi. mabi; dung of
sheep, goat, etc., thokl, pi.
dithokl; dung of human
beings, masepa, mashepa; soft
dung of fowls, botute; hard
dung of fowls, masepa; a
lump of prepared dung for
plastering, leribi ; to drop
dung (of animals), nyela; to
place under dung, as a skin for
softening, tshlla; first dung
of a calf, tilane.
Dunghill, a. Thutubudu.
Durable. Thata.
Dusk. Lotlatlana.
Dust. Lorole. Much dust,
dithole; fine dust, loroyana ;
fine dust, or powder, loupa,
pi. dikupa; a pillar or cloud
of dust, khonon; clouds of
dust raised by high wind,
dikudwane; very large clouds
of dust, disetlana; to throw
up, or cast up dust, kubucla
lorole; to come out, as dust
when a skin is beaten, kuba.
Duster, a. Sephimol.


Dusty. To be dusty or dirty,
kgna.
Duty. Chwanl.
Dwarf, A. Mokhutshanyane; kem-
ponyeketlakakae. A dwarfed
or stumpy person, sepoa;
to become dwarfed, or less,
iitlahala.
Dwell. To be, nna ; to build,
agaj where do you dwell? u
agile kae ?
Dweller. A dweller by the
river, seaga molapon.
Dwelling. A house, ntlo; a
dwelling place, boag, bonn;
a home, legae.
Dye, to. Hetola mebala; the
dye from a new cloth when
first washed, papa.
Dying. To be dying (of an
animal), gonoga; a dying
animal, or newly-planted tree,
etc., sekashwa.
Dynamite. Daenamait(hybrid).
Dysentery. To have dysentery,
taboga madi; tshaba madi;
nyla ditede; blood passed in
dysentery, lotede, pi. ditede.
E.
Each. Nwe le nwe, with the
particles. Each person, motho
monwe le monwe; each sheep,
nku nwe le nwe; to kill each
other, bolaana; to hate each
other, ilana; they give each
other fault, ba nlana molato.
Eager. To be eager, or in
earnest, tlhahala ; to be eager
for, gakalla; I am eager for
war, ke gakaletse ntwa; to be
eager to have, or to long for
something one has had before,
tlhologlla; I am eager to see
it, ke tlhologelecwe ke go se
bna; I was ea^er to see it, ke
le ka tlhologlelwa ko go se
bna.
Eagle. An eagle or vulture,
letlaka, lenon; eagles, manon,
malelakkwane j a large white
eagle, dishwane, pi. bodish-
wane; a large black eagle with
white breast, bibin.
Ear, an. Tsb. The inner
hole of an ear, tlhoka; wax in
the ear, ditlhoka ; a protuber-
ance under the ear of a stout
person, lenana; a ring for the
ear, lenyena; to ring or buzz
as the ears, shuma; to lead by
the ear, shonola ; to close ones
ears, ikaba ditsb, itsiba di-
tsb; to open the ear, kabolo-
la tsebc; to close the ear,
tsiba tsb; to give ear to,
reetsa; a hanging ornament in
the ear, letlatla; an animal
with a small piece cut out of
its ear, leshushu; an animal
with a good deal of its ear cut
off, lesibi; an ox with one or
both ears cut right off, kgomo
ea boriniti; to incline the ear,
inga tsb; an ear of corn,
seak ; an inferior ear of corn,
sehare.
Early. Early in the morning,
ka go sale gale, ka go sale
mosh; to rise early, cogla,
phakla ; to start early, pha-
kla; I rose early to go there,
ke le ka coglla gna.
Earn, to. ltimisetsa. I have
earned it, ke se itimiseditse;
to earn or gather money for
the children, bapalla bana
madi.
Earnest. To be in earnest,
tlhahala; to be earnest for,
gakalla, tlhahalla; to be in
earnest about doing, tlhonama;
he lis earnest in his work, o
tlhonametse tih ea gagw;
an earnest, or pledge, pll,
sebll ; an earnest one, mo-
tlhoahadi.
Earnestly. Katlhahal. Ve-
hemently, ka kgakal.
Earnestness. Tlhahal.
Earth, the. Lehatshe. Soil,
mbu; black earth, selk; a
lump of earth turned up by


plough or spade, lekt, le-
kwtc; I will throw earth on it,
or cover it with earth, ke tla
se katla ka mbu.
Earthen vessels, or pottery.
Diyana tsa mmopi.
Earthly. Sehatshe (hybrid).
Earthquake, an. Thorom ea
lehatshe.
Earthworm, an. Seboko.
Ease. Boiketl. Ease from a
burden, tapolosh; to be at
ease, iketla; to cause to be at
ease, iketlisa, lapolosa.
Easier. Which is easier, etc.,
go heho gohe, etc.; it is easier,
go heho.
Easily. Ka boheho. Gently,
ka bonl ; slowly, ka bouya;
one easily imposed upon, mae-
rg.
East, the. Botlhabatsatsi, kwa
tlbase, Int.
Easy. It is quite easy, go bo-
heho hla; it is easy, ga se
thata, go monate; it is not
easy, go thata; to take it easy,
iketla, ineneketsa; an easy-
going one, maerg ; he is easy
going, o mosetla; he takes it
easy, o mosetla.
Eat, to. Ya. To eat up, or
swallow, metsa; I have eaten,
ke yel; it will be eaten, se
tlayewa; to eat corn, etc., from
the hand, ikhoha ; to eat very
much, tltlpa, shumla, shu-
shura, shushutsa; to eat fast,
huta, bba; to eat up all the
food, ya mata; he has eaten
up all the food, o yel mata;
to eat the first piece in token
of superiority, ya morahol;
eat on the sly something that
has been stolen, ya nkabo; eat
on tbe sly, yla thk ; to eat
something watery, with a noise,
tha.mutsa; to eat sparingly, or
in a mincing manner, tlonka-
tlonka., sinama ; to eat a little,
or whet the appetite, ntaea
irathe; to eat into holes, or
eat holes into, kgautla ; to eat
together, go ya mmg ; to eat
of each others food, goyalana.
Eatable, that which is. Se se
yewan.
Eating. Eating vessels or uten-
sils, dil tse di ylan ; an eat-
ing place, boyl.
Eaves. Underneath the eaves,
or overhanging roof of a native
house, masenaml.
Ebb. To return, boea; to dry
up, cha.
Echo, an. Karab. To echo,
araba; the rocks echo, go
araywa may.
Eclipse, an. Thibal ; phihal.
To become eclipsed, thibala,
hihala.
Economical, to be. Nomala.
Eddy, an. Tikolog. To eddy,
dikologa.
Edge. The edge of an axe, bo-
yetla. bogale; a weak and
flexible edge of a knife, boye-
bu ; the edge of a bank, losi;
white edge or border of a
kaross, peeledi; two edged,
magale mabedi.
Edible. It is edible, sea yewa.
Edict. A command, taol; a
law, mola.
Edification. Kagcll.
Edifice, an. Kag.
Edify, to. Aglla.
Educate, to. Ruta.
Education. Thut.
Efface. To wipe off, phimola;
to take away, tlosa.
Effect, to. Diha. To become
of none effect, dihgla lehcla.
Effervesce, to. Chachanyga,
shashanyga.
Efficient, to be. Nonoba.
Effigy, an. Sechwanch.
Effort, an. Tek. To make
an effort, leka, ichka; I will
make an effort to go, ke tla
leka go ea, ke tla ichka go ea.
Effulgence. Maran.
Egg, an. Lee,' pi. mae. A
large egg, letsae ; an egg laid


outside the nest, or one re-
maining unhatched after the
rest are hatched, lekhue ; an
addled egg, lekhue ye le bodi-
len; the white of an egg,
khwaan; the yolk of an egg,
tlaee; the shell of an egg, or
piece of egg shell, lokhadu, pi.
dikhadu; an empty ostrich
egg shell, mogpj to sit on
eggs, elama.
Eight. Go hera menwana e le
mebedi. Eight people, batho
ba hra e le mebedi.
Eighteen Sheep. Dinku di
shom di cwa ka di hra .me-
nwana e le mebedi.
Eighth, the. Ea bo hra e le
mebedi.
Either. Either this or that,
leha e le se, kgotsa sele.
Eject. To eject in a stream,
buganya, chabanya; to cast
out, latlhgla kwa ntl.
Eland, an. Phohu. A troop
of elands, mohohu.
Elapse, to. Heta.
Elbow. An elbow, or the elbow
bone, sekgono; an elbow, se-
gakabaeii, seyabana; the hol-
low inside the elbow, kgodu-
gchwane ; to elbow, khutla;
to press, or rub the chest or
side with an elbow, segitletsa.
Elder, an. Mogolo,mogolwane.
The elder of them, mogolo oa
bna.
Eldest child, the. Nwana oa
burure.
Elect, to. Itshenkla.
Electricity. Tladi.
Elephant, an. Tlou. A small
kind of elephant, lekolon-
kwane; the trank of an ele-
phant, selp, selpa; the tusk
of an elephant, lonaka; to
trumpet, as an elephant, there-
betsa ; to trumpet as an angry
elephant, kgayayga; a young
elephant, sekana.
Elements op knowledge, the.
Ditlhaka tsa thut.
85
Elevate. To lift up, choletsa;
to exalt, godisa.
Eleven. Eleven sheep, dinku
di shom di_cwa ka nwe hla.
Elope, to. Nwga.
Else. Or else I will buy, nka
tla ka rcka.
Elsewhere. Go sele, ka go
sele. He went elsewhere, a ea
go sele.
Emaciate. To emaciate, or
cause to be emaciated, tlhora ;
to become emaciated, t.lhorga,
bopama; an emaciated person,
or animal, serl, Iowa; an
emaciated child, calf, etc., se-
royana.
Emaciation. Borl, popam.
Emancipate. To emancipate
him (of a servant), mo naea
bogosi, mo naea kgosi, mo the-
lesetsa, mo rebola.
Embellish, to. Kgaba.
Ember, an. Legala. A large
ember, sesikalala, Int.
Emblem. A national emblem,
sebk, Int.
Embrace, to. Kampa. To em-
brace mutually, kampana; to
embrace by laying hold of with
hands, tlamparla.
Embrocate, to. Sedila.
Embroider, to. Goma.
Emerge, to. Cwa. To come
out suddenly, photsga.
Emigrate, to. Huduga.
Empire. Bogosi.
Empty. Lolea. It is empty, se
lolea ; empty (of a sack), le-
shwashupa; empty, or empti-
ness from hunger, logaba.
Enable, to. Nonotsha.
Encamp, to. Tlhaolela.
Encampment, an. Botlhaoll.
An encampment of waggons
arranged for oxen to sleep in
the centre, mosak.
Encircle. See Surround.
Enclose. To enclose by a
hedge, bea.
Encompass, to. Dikanyetsa.
To be encompassed by, di-


86
kanyedicwe ke; the wall will
encompass the town, lorak lo
tla potonoga motse.
Encourage, to. Nametsa; kgwa-
thatsa. To be encouraged, na-
metsga, nametshga; to feel
encouraged, namla.
Encouragement. Nametsg,
kgwathach.
End, an. Bokhutl; sekhutl ;
bohell; bohlo ; bowl. To
come to an end, khutla ; to end
or finish, or make an end of,
wetsa; to come to an end, as
a time or work, aloga; to come
to an end, as years, wla;
when they are ended, di sena
go wla; to end, or come to an
end, hla ; it will end where it
will end, e tla hla kwa e tla
hllan gna; to endure to
the end, ichkla bokhutlon;
to the end of the world, kwa
bohelon yoa lehatshe; without
end, ka bosenabokhutl, ka
bosakhutlen; without end or
limit, sedikadiki, sedikwadi-
kwi; the end, or point of a
thing, ntlha.
Endearment. A term of en-
dearment, or a pet name, mo-
re t.
Endeavour, to. Leka.
Endless. Se se senan bokhutl,
sedikadiki.
Endure, to. Boga. To restrain
oneself, ichka; to endure per-
secution, ichkla pogish; a
person who is able to endure
fatigue, etc., motho eo pelo ea
gagw e kgwaraletsen; to en-
dure to the end, ichkla bo-
khutlon.
Enema, to give an. Thulga.
Enemy, an. Mmaba, pi. baba.
A hostile army, dira.
Energetic. Kwanatla.
Engage. To engage a servant,
laletsa; to call to help in work,
thapa.
Engaged. See Betroth.
Engine. Setimla (hybrid).
English. Sa sekgoa, sa seklioa.
The English language, pu ea
Seeneles (hybrid).
Englishman, an. Lekhoa, le-
kgoa, moenelesman (hybrid).
Engrave, to. Seta.
Engraver, an. Moseti.
Engraving, an. Tst. A pic-
ture, sechwanch; an engrav-
ing tool, most.
Engrossed. I am engrossed by
work, ke kakilwe ke tih, ke
kakegile.
Enjoyment. Pleasure, boitum-
15 ; noisy mirth, tlhaplo.
Enlarge. To enlarge, a3 a
house, hole, etc., khutlolola,
pitlolosa, pitlonosa; enlarge
by removing a sekhutl, khu-
tlola ; to enlarge by removing
a pitlagan, pitlolosa; to en-
large by making higher, godisa;
to enlarge by adding to, oke-
tsa ; to become enlarged, phu-
thologa.
Enlighten, to. Bonesa.
Enmity. Kil. To cherish en-
mity, ila; to be at enmity
with each other, lotlhana.
Ennui. Bodutu. I am op-
pressed by ennui, ke yewa ke
bodutu.
Enough. To be enough, lekana;
it is enough, go lekanye ; is it
not enough ? a ga goa lekana ?
that which is enough, se se le-
kanyen; it is not enough, ga
goa lekana; it is enough for
us and you, go re lekanye le
lona.
Enquire, to. Botsa. I will
enquire of them, ke tla ba bo-
tsisa; to enquire into, botsisa;
to enquire into carefully, loto-
lotsa.
Enquirer, or Catechumen, an.
Moipobodi.
Enrich, to. Humisa.
Ensample, an. Seka.
Ensnare, to. Rala.
Entangled. To become en-
tangled as string, etc., kgwe-


leagana; to become entangled,
or jumbled up, tlhakatlhakana.
Enter, to. Tsna. They have
entered, ba tsenye ; to enter
by force, rolola.
Entertain. To take care of,
tlamela; to supply, thelesa,
phumusa; we entertained
them, re le ra ba thelesetsa,
re le ra ba phumusetsa.
Entice. Hpa; ka. To entice
to war, hepisa ntwa; entice to
speak, hepisa mahoko.
Entirely. Gotlhe.
Entirety. Boyotlhe.
Entrails. See Bowel.
Entrance, an. Botsn.
Entreat, to. Rapla. To be-
come entreated, raplsga.
Envious, to be. Nnrga. To
covet, iphtlha; to be envious
of, or grumble at a persons
things, tngla dil tsa motho;
he will become envious, pelo
ea gagwe e tla tshetlhahala.
Envy, or Enviousness. Bope-
lotshtlha; pelotshtlha. To
envy, see Envious ; envyings,
maiphtlh..
Epileptic. An epileptic fit, mo-
natgo, kidibal; to have an
epileptic fit, idibala; he is epi-
leptic, o tla ne a idibale ; those
who are epileptic, ba ba tlen
ba idibale.
Equal. To become equal, or
like, chwana, lekana, lekale-
kana ; to make equal, or mea-
sure, lekanya; to make oneself
equal with, itekanya le; to be
equal to, or abreast of him,
bapa na; to make equal, or
put on the same level, bapisa;
equal to, or able for, nonohla ;
you have made them equal to
us, u ba lekantse le rona.
Eradicate. To destroy, senya;
to pull out, khumola, shomola.
Ere. Ere they went away, ba e
so ba tsama.
Erect. To make stiff, paralatsa;
to build, aga; to erect, as a
springbuck tbe hair 011 its back,
cwetla, sheshemolola; to be
erect, or rough, as the hair of
an angry dog, tlhonya; to be-
come erect, or stiff, paralala.
Ergot. Medicine used as ergot
of rye, magoromecho.
Err, to. Leoha. To stray, ti-
mla; to be crooked, shkama;
to err in doing work, atlahala.
Error, an. Teoh; timl. A
fault, molato ; a deceit, tsieco.
Eruct, to. Kgobola.
Eructation. An acid eructa-
tion, leshklla.
Eruption. An eruption on the
body, mochwa, marokomolog,
mokwane; to break out in an
eruption, shwatga, rokomolo-
ga, tutumologa; the eruption
of measles, thutlwa.
Escape. To flee, tshaba, nwga;
to break away from, betsga;
halola, chemoga ; to be de-
livered from clanger, thella ;
to dodge, thmlkana; he had
a narrow escape, or he escaped
by the skin of his teeth, o la a
cwa ka lechoha ya mogodu; to
escape from, halola; to cause
to escape, halodisa; an escape,
or escaping, phalol.
Escort. To escort or accom-
pany a little way at starting,
buledisa; an escort, or com-
pany, mophat.
Especially. Bogolo.
Espy. To espy, as people in
hiding, kwaa.
Establish. To make firm, tlh-
mamisa; to establish a dis-
puted question, by inquiring
into it, tlhotlhomisa; to estab-
lish oneself, itlhma.
Esteem. To honour, tlotla; to
regard as, kaea; to esteem one-
self, or be puffed up with pride,
horga; self-esteem, boitlotl,
phorg.
Estimate. To count, bala; it
may be estimated at so much,
go kana ka bokalo.


Estrange. To become es-
tranged, or be at a distance
from each other, katologana.
Etcetera. En le en; le eii le en.
Eternal. Eternal life, botshel
yo bo sa khutlen.
Eternity. Ka bosenabokhutl.
Eunuch. See Barren. An offi-
cer, kala ea kgosi.
Evade. To slip away or dodge,
thmlkana.
Evaporate, to. Cha.
Even. Smooth, boreledi ; flat,
sepapetla; even now, hla
yana, le ka yeno; even then,
le gna; even he, leha e le
na ; even as, hla yaka.
Evening. About sunset, maitsi-
boea, maatsiboa, maitsiboa,
maatsiboea; at dusk, lotlatla-
na, about dark, maabanyane ;
that evening,maabanyane au ;
in the early evening, ka
lotlatlana.
Event, an. Tibahal, tihal.
Ever. Bosenabokhutl, bosa-
khutleii. For ever, ka metlha;
for ever and ever, ka metlha le
metlha. w
Every. Nwe le nwe, with the
particles. Every person, mo-
tho monwe le monwe.
Everywhere. Mo ntlhen co-
tlhe, mo mahelon aotlhe, leha
e le kae.
Evidence. Chup, seshup.
Evident. It is evident, goa le-
mosga, goa bnala.
Evil. Boshula. Sin, boleo,
boikp; to become evil, shu-
lahala ; to make evil, shula-
hatsa; an evil heart, pelochula;
an evil man, monona eo o bo-
shula ; to do evil, ikcpa; to
become evil, beha ; to be evilly
affected towards, or dislike,
tlha.
Ewe, a. Nku e namagadi.
Exactly. Exactly alike, chwana
chwana; it was exactly so, ga
nna hla yalo.
Exaggerate, to. Gobeletsa.
Exalt, to. Godisa. Make
higher, goletsa; to exalt one-
self, ikgodisa, ikgantsha ; to
exalt above measure, or make
boastful, bela; to be exalted,
godisiwa, golediwa, belwa.
Examine,to. Klka. Tocross-
examine, opotsa, botsa katloku,
kolotisa ; a cross examiner,
mokolotisi.
Example, a. Seka, seshup ;
sekal. To follow their ex-
ample, ba etsa; to make an
example of him, go mmaea
seshup.
Exasperate, to. Gakatsa.
Exceed. Sita, gaisa. To ex-
ceed, of years, heta.
Excel, to. Sita; sitisa ; gaisa ;
phala. He excels, or is supe-
rior to the other, o thwadi mo
go eo monwe; to excel in, gaisa
ka; he excels them, oa ntsha
tlhg mo go bna.
Excelling, or Excellency.
Bogaish.
Except. Unless, ha e se; ex-
cept ye see, ha lo sa bne.
Excess. Bobe, tlhapl, ma-
shw, makgamatha.
Exchange, to. Ananya. To
exchange for, ananya ka; an
exchange, kanany.
Excite. To excite to anger, ga-
katsa ; to incite, tlhotlheletsa;
to become excited to auger,
gakatsga; to go about in an
excited manner, teatea, hoahoa,
hoahwga, kgobea, gobea.
Excuse, an. Seipat ; boipat.
To excuse oneself, ipata; to
make excuse, ipata, ntsha
seipat ; have me excused, u
mpn ke ipatile; we excuse
ourselves to you, re lo ipatla.
Exertion. Over exertion, se-
che, sechane ; to kill with over
exertion, bolaea ka sechane.
Exhaust. To suck up all, gpa;
to finish, shwetsa; to become
exhausted, or disappear, hla ;
their water was exhausted, ba


89
le ba hllwa ka metse; to be
exhausted, nodiga ; to sink
down exhausted, koama ; pha-
rama; to be very tired, phu-
cga.
Exhibit, to. Bontsha.
Exist. To be, nna ; we still
exist, re sa lee, re sale gna.
Exit. A place of exit, boc.
Expand. See Swell.
Expanse, an. Bobididi; boe-
diedi.
Expect, to. Leblla. To ex-
pect, or look out for with cer-
tainty, kba pelo; cause to
look out for with certainty,
kobisa pelo.
Expectation. Tebll; kobi-
shpelo.
Expectorate, to. Kgwa.
Expel. To drive away, llka ;
to banish, hudula ; to cause to
remove ones residence, hudu-
tsha.
Experience. To be experienced
in, or accustomed to, tlwalwa ;
an experience, tlwal; a self
trial, boitek; an occurrence,
tihal, tihahal.
Expert. He is expert, o senatla;
they are expert, ba dinatla.
Expertness. Bonatla.
Explain, to. Phutholola ; to
explain or rehearse, tlhatlolo-
ganya ; to explain, or unravel,
rarabolola.
Explanation, an. Phutholol.
Expose. To reveal, sinosa; to
expose oneself, or be naked,
ichaia; to be exposed, or made
visible, bnalsga; to be in-
decently exposed, tumusa, go
sa ikatga; go sa cwale, ichaia.
Expound to. Phutholola.
Extend. To spread out, atla-
bala; to cause to move back,
katosa; to become widely ex-
tended, or spread out, peno-
loga.
Extensive. Bobidibidi. To be-
come extensive, atlabala.
Extent. Katlabal.
Exterminate. To destroy, se-
nya ; sweep off, laila; to kill
a large number, gaila.
Extinguish, to. Tima. To ex-
tinguish a fire by knocking it
about, cupuetsa; to become
extinguished, or go out, tima;
it is becoming extinguished,
oa tima; the candle is extin-
guished, lobn lo timile.
Extol, to. Haka. To praise
in song, baka.
Extort, to. Gapa. To extort
from, gapla.
Extortion. Kgap.
Extract. See Take Out.
Extravagance. Bohahalele.
Extravagant. To squander,
saha; he is extravagant, o se-
hahalele.
Extricate. To set free, golola;
to pull out, ntsha.
Exude, to. Nnya; kga; tslii-
tlha.
Eye, an. Leitlh. Eyes, mai-
tlh; matlh ; white of the eye,
nytse ea leitlh; pupil of the
eye, thaka ea leitlh; corner
of the eye, nyoitlh ; white
speck in an eye, tlhaka ; small
purulent sore, or white speck
in an eye, molka; any small
thing in an eye, selabe; a cata-
ract in the eye, lotha loa leitlh;
bone over and round the eye,
kgapa; to close an eye, bata
leitlh; to bat or wink an eye,
bonya ; to bat the eyes, bonya-
bonya ; to take a thing out of
an eye, liatlholola; to take a
thing out of an eye with a
tongue, laba ; to be painful, as
an eye, galaka; ointment for
the eye, chola; to open an eye
or eyelids, with the fingers,
petlosa; the hollow left by a
lost eye, kgapa; to open the
eyes, budulola, apola ; when
his eyes were opened, o rile a
buduloga matlh; he opened
his eyes, a budulola matlh; to
open the eyes wide, hamola,


phantsha matlh, bilola matlh;
to become opened, as eyes, bu-
duloga; to cause the eyes to
shut, budulatsa; to shut ones
eyes, ipudulatsa matlh; the
eyes are shut, matlh a budu-
letse; to become shut, as eyes,
budulala; they have shut their
eyes, ba ipuduladitse matlh ;
to lift up the eyes, or look up,
lelala ; to cover the eyes with
lids and look down, ribga
matlh; to fix the eyes upon
him, tlhma matlh mo go
na, mo kalla matlh, mo
tlhabetsa ka matlh, mo tsep-
gla matlh, mo gorolla ma-
tlh, mo gobolla matlh, mo
gotolla matlh; to shade the
eyes with the hand when look-
ing, itsheka segano ; a poke or
screen for the eyes, losire ; to
twinkle, as eyes, nyedima; to
drop medicine into eyes, lo-
getsa ; to look aside or round,
with eyes turned down, tba ;
to be weary, as eyes with look-
ing, kalga; to be heavy, or
closing, as eyes through sleepi-
ness, bokalala; to be inflamed,
as chronic sore eyes, kgtlga ;
to be large or projecting,
as eyes, rotoga; large staring
eyes, matlh a dikala, matlho
amakalaba; weak-sighted eyes,
matlh a bori; eyes readily
cast down, matlli a bori; for-
getful eyes, matlh a bork;
watery eyes, matlh a makg-
me; sore eyes lengthened out
at the corners, and black un-
derneath, matlh a diphina;
weakness, or soreness of eyes
in children, mone.
Eyebrow, an. Losi, pi. dintshi.
Eyed. A weak-eyed person, se-
hchwana; a one-eyed person
with one eye useless, moitlh ;
a one-eyed person, with one
eye wanting, mogapa.
Eyelash, an. Losi.
Eyelid, an. Losi. To lift the
eyelids in order to ta.ke out
something, petlosa, hatlholola.
F.
Fable. A parable, sechwanc ;
a tradition, tlhamane; an idle
tale, leinane.
Face. The part just above the
eyes, sebatlhg ; to make tho
face look sorrowful, shoshoba-
ganya sehatlhg ; to lie on the
face, ribama; to withstand to
the face, ganetsa mo mat-lhon ;
to make a wry face as if about
to cry, betlella, chukhwisa;
to make a wry face after eat-
ing something nasty, tsitlama;
to fall on the face, wa ka
phatla; to look at each other
face to face, lebanya dihatlh-
g, lebantsha dihatlhg; to
avert the face, as in shame or
anger, shoshobaganya seha-
tlhg; the face of the heavens,
pnal ea legodimo.
Faction, a. Lekk.
Fade. To fade, as grass, etc.,
on a hot day, shwaba; to cause
to fade, shwabisa.
Fagots. Bushes, matlhaku ;
branches, dikala; sticks, di-
kgon.
Fail. To come short, tlbala;
to fail in, or come short of,
tlhalwa ke; fail of ones pur-
pose, or intention, hosa ; time
will fail me, ke tla tlhalwa ke
lobaka; they failed to reach
the town, ba le ba tlhala
motse.
Failure, a. Phosh. A short-
coming, tlbal.
Faint. To faint in sickness,
. idibala; to fall down insensi-
ble, natga; to be faint from
hunger, dimlla; to come to
after a faint, idibologa; to start
up trembling after a faint, as
when one has been sprinkled,
tsitsiboga, tsiboga.
Fainting Fit, or Faint. Mona-
tg j kidibal.


Faintness, or Dimness. Looto.
Fair. Beautiful, ntl. It is
fair or right, go siame; it is
fair (of a change in the weather),
go sel; a fair, or gathering
place, borakanl.
Faitii.^ Tuml. To have faith,
dumcla.
Faithful. Boikan. Thou hast
been faithful, u dihile ka
boikan; to be faithful or be
trusted, ikanwa.
Faithfulness. Boikan.
Faithless, to become, or Un-
believing. Dumologa.
Falcon. See IIawk.
Fall, to. Wa. He has fallen,
o ol; to cause to fall, usa,
osa; to fall on the ground as a
voluntary act, wla ha hatshe ;
to fall from a tree as an in-
voluntary act, wa mo setlharin;
to fall upon him, mo wla;
to fall short, tlhala; to fall
down, as atree,goshumetsega;
to fall asunder, or be destroyed,
salalagana; to fall down from
where one had climbed, reologa;
to fall down on the knees,
khuchama ka manl ; to make
to fall down, diga, goshumetsa;
to fall down on the ground,
potokana ;to fall down from
above, go wa kwa godimo; to
fall away in principle, tenga;
to fall out or separate, as
people, kgaogana; to fall on
the face, wa ka phatla; it has
fallen from heaven, se ol mo
legodimon ; to stumble and be
as if about to fall, kgokgwee-
tsga; to fall off, as a scab,
kgoboga ; to fall off, as hair or
wool, kutga; to fall off, as
leaves, tlhotlhorga ; to fall or
be thrown flat on the ground,
batanyetsga; to fall off or
out, as a piece of a jug, etc.,
kaboga; to fall off, as a piece
of plastering, etc., matologa;
to fall off a precipice, kgoko-
loga j to fall away from stead-
fastness, katoganaletlhmam ;
fall down or sink down, as an
animal from poverty, or a per-
son from fright, pharama; to
fall down, as a weak person or
a light thing, phuagana; to
fall down, as a heavy body,
pirigana; to fall in, as earth
pushed into a hole, phomgla;
to fall into a hole, khabuela,
shtlhmla; a fall, ko.
Falling, a. Ko. His falling,
go wa ga gagw.
Fallow, Ground ploughed but
not sown, thobu; garden
ground in winter time, lotlha-
gare ; to plough ground a
second time, lema thobu.
False, to be. Herekana. To
make a false statement, here-
kana, raraanvetsa; a false
person, leherehere; he is false,
o leherehere ; a false prophet,
moperofeti eo e sen na; a
false accusation, pateleco; to
accuse falsely, pateletsa; a
false witness, moshupi oa
kak, mopateletsi; to speak
falsely about, aketsa.
Falsehood, a. Kak; leaka,
pi. maaka. To tell a falsehood,
aka; you tell falsehoods, u
maaka.
Falter. To falter in walking,
thkla.
Fame. Tum; tumedi.
Family. A race, losika; children
of one mother, setsal; to have
a large family, tototsa; his
family, ba ntlo ea gag we; a
branch of a family, kokomana;
so and sos family connections,
bo ra mailman.
Famine. Loshekedi. Hunger,
tlala; emaciation, borle.
Famous. To become famous,
tuma; to make famous,
tumisa.
Fan. A jackals or oxs tail,
kaba; to fan another, boka;
to fan oneself, ipoka; to fan a
fire, puputla.


Fang, a. Lein, pi. mn.
Far. Kgakala. Far from,
kgakala le; far more, bogolo
bogolo ; to journey far, ifiala;
to become far, kgakahala; to
go far away, ikakga; not very
far, kgakayana, kgakalanyana ;
to feed far, hulla kgakala;
he moved far from him, a
katogana na.
Farness. Bokgakala.
Farm, a. Naga ; plas (hybrid).
A farm house, ntlo ea nagen.
Farther. Bogolo go, kgakala
mo.
Fascinate, to. As a snake a
bird, rra.
Fashion. To form, bopa to
become fashioned, bopga.
Fast, to. itima diy; ithiba
mo diyon. To hold fast,
tshegetsa ; to be fast, as a rag
on a wound, namana; to hold,
fast, as rust on a lock, namanya;
to make fast by wedging or
stamping, as a pole in the
ground, setlla; to become
fust in a cleft or narrow place,
thama; to break the fast in
the morning, liitlhola.
Fasten. To fasten by tying,
hunla; to fasten, or bind,
golga; to fasten for, or bind
for, golgla; to fasten, or hang
about the neck, goklla mo
thamun ; to fasten, as a flag to
a pole, gokla; to fasten to-
gether at the ends, gokaganya.
tlhmaganya; to be fastened
together at the ends, gokagana,
tlhmagana ; to fasten or gird
round the loins, cwala ; perfect,
cwele; to fasten up a girdle,
tseta ; to fasten on by pasting,
manga; to fasten off in sewing,
knla.
Fat. Mahura. The oil of liquid
fat, lookwane ; the dregs of fat
after melting, bogoko; fat
enclosing the bowels, lomipi;
fat round a kidney, letlha-
nama ; fat for smearing, locho;
hard fat for braying skins, eye
salve, etc., chola; fat of bull
frogs, mokadi, mekadi; fat on
the breast of an animal, bo-
kwcna; to melt out fat, gadika ;
to congeal or harden, as fat,
gatsla, gakla; to rub with
much fat, hma ; to smear the
face with fat when eating,
tlhamuketsa; to fizz, as boiling
fat, cliachanyga; to become
fat (of cattle), goma marap,
nna, okola ; it is fat, e nonne,
e akots; a fat one, moany ;
a fat calf, namane e e nonnen,
namane, ea moany; fat oxen,
dikgomo tse di nontsicwen;
the meat is fat, nama e mahura.
Fatness. Bonn.
Father, a. Hara; rara; rra.
Fathers, bara, borra; my
father (if speaking to), hara,
rara, rra ; my father (if speak-
ing of), hare, rare, rr; thy
father, harago; his father,
baragw; Taus father, rragw
Tau, rra Tau ; their father,
rrab, rra bna; our father,
rra echo, hara oa chona;
your father, rra eno.
Father-in-law. A mans father-
in-law, mogwadi; my father-
in-law, mogwagadiak; thy
father-in-law, mogwagadiago,
mogwagadiu; his father-in-law,
mogwagadi, mogwagadiagw;
Taus father-in-law, mogwa-
gadi Tau, mogwagadia Tau ; a
womans father-in-law, same
as father.
Fatherless. A fatherless child,
khutsana, lesila.
Fatigue. Tapish. To be fa-
tigued, lapa ; to fatigue, lapisa;
to sink down from fatigue,
koama.
Fatness. Monn.
Fault, a. Molato. To attribute
a fault to him, mo pga molat;
to find fault with or scold,
kgalemla, manya; to find
fault with or complain, itka ;


93
he has no fault, ga a na molato;
they found him in fault, ba lo
ba mmna molato; to bear a
fault or take its consequenccs,
rwala molato ; to find fault or
complain, galala.
Favour, to. Tlikietsa; letla.
To honour, tlotla; to favour
or spare from partiality, rkc-
gla; a favour, letlhgnl;
mutual favours or likings,
maletlany; favour or parti-
ality, thkgl; to ask a
favour, lpa; to ask a favour
for oneself, itpa; favour or
friendship, botsalan; he is
favoured or blessed, o tsheg,
o seg, o clieg.
Favourite. To make a favour-
ite of, letla, tlikietsa.
Fawn, to. liiodisa.
Fear. Poih; poboran; boich.
To fear, boiha; to sit shrink-
ing from fear, kotlomana; to
be paralysed with fear, bo-
borana; to be shaken or
agitated by fear, go shorn a ; to
be helpless from fear, nyra
marap; they are helpless from
fear, ba nyerile marap; to
fear to approach, kakoba; she
feared for her children the
customs, etc., o la a boihla
bana ba gagw mekgwa, etc.;
to cause to fear, boihisa,
boitsha; to cause to fear very
much or terrify, rra; for fear
that, e ka re kgotsa.
Fearful. Boboi; boi. I am
fearful, ke boboi; it is fear-
ful, go boitshga; in fearful
circumstances, mo mashwen,
mo bobifi.
Fearless. A fearless heart,
pelo e setlashu; fearless
through want of thought,
setlashu.
Fearlessness. Bopclokgalc;
botlhkapoih.
Feast, a. Modili; moletl.
A marriage feast, mabotsa,
modih oa nyal; to bid to a
feast, biletsa modihon; to make
a feast when a woman comes
out of the house after her con-
finement, tlhabla dithari; the
rulei of a feast, mon oa
modih.
Feather, a. Lohaha, pi. di-
phaha. A tuft of feathers on
a birds head, tlp ; soft or
young feathers, diphaha di
metse.
February. Tlhakole.
Feeble. See Weak.
Feebleness. Boka.
Feed. To cause to eat, yesa;
to provide with food, otla; to
graze, hula; to feed oneself,
iyesa ; to feed him with meat,
mo yesa nama, mo yesa ka
nama.
Feeding Place. A grazing
place, bohudish; a stable or
cowhouse, boyeseco.
Feel, to. Utlwa; utlwa ka
monwana. To feel or grope in
the bosom,hophola mo sehuben.
Feeling. A sensation, boi-
kutlw.
Feet. Dinao; maoto. To walk
with sore feet, kkba, babea;
to pick up the feet or walk
fast, tlhomola dinao.
Feign, to. Ipaea; itshema. To
change oneself, iphetola ; to
feign to be righteous, itshema,
basiami; he feigned anger, a
ipaea bogale.
Fellows. See Companions.
Fellowship. Bokpan; kaba-
lan; bolekane.
Felt, to become. Utlwala;
utlwga.
Female. Tsliadi; namagadi. A
female goat, podi e namagadi;
male and female, nona le
tshadi; a number of females,
tshadi, lonamagadi; a number
of female children, tsetsana;
a small female animal, nama-
gatsana.
Fen, a. Lehatshe ya lotlhaka.
Fence, a. Logora, pi. dikgora.


A stone fence, lorak, lerak ;
to fence or assume an attitude
of self-defence, hema.
Ferment. To become leavened,
bela; to fizz, shashanyga.
Fern, a. Patadikgagane.
Ferocious. Savage, bogale;
cruel, setlhogo.
Ferry, to. Kgabagantsha.
Fertile. The soil is fertile,
mbu o bogale.
Fervent, to be. Tuka.
Fervently. Ka kgakal.
Fetch, to. Lere.
Fetlock. A horses fetlock,
tilatshi.
Fetter, a. Kgol; mohiri;
kgolg. A chain, ketane
(hybrid).
Feud, a. Kgan.
Fever, a. Tutum ; mogote;
pobol ea mogote; pobol ea
mogotl ; bolwetse yoa mo-
gote ; krose (hybrid). To be
in a fever, tutuma; climatic or
malarial fever, bolwetse.
Few. A few, banwenyana, ba-
nnye, dinwenyana; a few towns,
metse e mennye ; a few words,
mahoko a ma btlana; a few
names, mainyanana; not a few,
bantsinyana ; the reapers are
few, barobi ba btlana, barobi
ba bannye; a few things, dil
dinwenyana; a few fishes,
bobtlana yoa ditlliapi; few
words, mahoko a le makhu-
tshane.
Fib, a. Leakanyana.
Fickle. To be changeable,
akgaakgga; to alter ones
mind without cause, tlhanoga.
Fickleness. Botlhkatlhma-
m.
Fiddle, a. Seyolo (hybrid). rtTo
fiddle, letsa seyolo.
Field, a. Naga. A garden,
tshimo; a ploughed field, bo-
lem, tema.
Fierce. Bogale; bolalome. A
fierce, angry man, seganka.
Fierceness. (Of a warrior), bo-
ganka; cunning fierceness,
bolalome.
Fiery. A fiery trial, tek e e
gotetsan.
Fifteen. Fifteen sheep, dinku
di shom di.cwa ka ditlhano.
Fifth, the. Oa botlhano.
Fifty. Mashom matlhano.
Fig, a. Feige (hybrid). A fig
tree, setlhare sa mofeige; a
wild fig bush, sethwanye; fruit
of the wild fig bush, thwanye.
Fight. To fight, as individuals,
lwa; to fight, as armies,
tlhabana; to close in fight,
tsikana; to fight at close
quarters or hand to hand,
chchmla; to fight with the
fists, nata ka macwele, kgotla
ka macwele; to fight against
superior numbers, losa; fight
ones own battle, itwla; to
fight with a bull, losa p ; to
fight or quarrel over, lwla; to
fight or tear each other, as dogs
or wild animals, thataulana
to fight for, or assist an ally,
tlhabantsha.
Figure of speech, a. Sechwa-
nch.
Figuratively. Ka sechwanch.
File, a. Shwail (hybrid). To
file or rub down, gotlha; to
make smooth, rethehatsa; to
walk in single file, or line, bo-
plla; are they walking in
single file ? a ba bopeletse ?
Fill, to. Tlatsa. To be filled,
tladiwa; to fill with, or become
filled with, tlala, tlala ka; the
smell filled the house, monk
o lo oa tlala ka ntlo, monk o
lo oa tlala mo tlun; to fill up
something which is nearly full
already, phopheletsa; to fill
up, as a pool with earth, kate-
setsa, katla; to fill a water
vessel, glla; to fill up, as a
pot in which pumpkin, etc., is
boiling, and sinking down, lo-
kclcla; to become filled up, as
a hollow with soil, kategla; it


95
is filled up, e kategetse; to be-
come filled, or satisfied with
food, kgra ; he is filled, e
kgotshe ; they were filled with
anger, ba le ba tlala bogale;
the house is filled with, or full
of people, ntlo e tletse batho,
ntlo e tletse ka batho.
Filling up, a. Motlac.
Film. A thin membrane, lotlia.
Filtii. Matladika. Rubbish,
or sweepings, matlakala.
Filthiness. Mashwc, bobe.
All filthiness, mashw aotlhe.
Filthy. Leshw; mashwc; mpc;
dimpc. Very filthy, makga-
matha; filthy through being
covered with blood, mud, etc.,
matladika, matapeta.
Fin. A side fin of a fish, lec-
g; a fin on a fishs back,
mots.
Finch, a. Talenyana.
Find, to. Bna. To find a
thing not belonging to oneself,
bega, tlka, thwala; to find
out, or observe, lemoga; to
find a hiding person, or animal,
kwaa, phoroma; to find or
come upon, wla; to find out
or detect in a fault, phoroma ;
to find out, or search into, bo-
tsisa, tlhotlhomisa ; to find or
see, hitlhela; to find fault, or
complain, galala ; to find game
that has escaped and died, be-
ga.
Fine. Beautiful, ntl; large,
tonna; thin, sesane ; very fine,
or small, sesanyane; fine, or
soft, as linen, bolta; very fine,
or small, as beads, losagarana ;
fine flour, or meal, setou; a
fine, teh; to fine, lehisa; to
pay a fine, leha.
Finger, a. Monwana, pi. men-
wana. The tip of a finger,
ntlha ea monwana; a finger
joint, tokolol; to poke the
tip of a finger into, kgtla; to
dinge in with flat part of a
finger tip, tobetsa; to bend
down a finger, as in counting,
hcra; to wet a finger and point
it at, in anger, kgotletsa; to
take between finger and thumb,
or take a pinch, hina; to rub
with a finger, bitla; to break
into pieces with the fingers,
kuma; to shake a finger at in
anger, or so as to defy, thokgo-
seletsa; the little finger, mon-
wana oa kgweneche.
Finish. To cease, khutla; to
cause to cease, khutlisa; to
make an end of, wetsa, sliwe-
tsa, hetsa; to finish a work in
which one is engaged, digla ;
to finish a journey, or arrive,
grga; when you have finished
this work, u sena go wetsa
tih e; to become finished or
ended, wla; to become fin-
ished or exhausted, hla; to
become finished, as a time, or
work, aloga; the work is fin-
ished, tih e alogile ; when he
had finished these words, a
sena go wetsa mahoko a; when
the years are finished,or ended,
dinyaga di sena go hla; he
finished his teaching by a par-
able, o la a khutlla thut ea
gagw ka sechwanch.
Finisher, a. Mowetsi.
Finishing, a. Boheco; boweco;
boshweco; plieco.
Finikin or Finecal. To be
proud in gait or manner, mo-
ltwe, boltwe; to be dainty
in eating, sinama.
Fire. Molel. The lights of
many fires, manyediyedi; to
fall into a fire, khabula mole-
lon ; to light a fire, gotsa mo-
lel; to take fire, tuka; to
cause a thing to take fire,, as a
piece of dry dung, kuketsa;
to set fire to anything inflam-
mable, tlhosetsa; to blow a
fire, bucwla; to push sticks
into, or stir up a fire, kgotletsa;
to fan a fire, puputla; to ex-
tinguish a fire, tima; the fire


is extinguished, or gone out,
molel o timile ; to extinguish
a lire by knocking it about,
cupuetsa; to lie or sleep by a
fire, thokama, thokamla; to
make a large fire, thetha; to
take anything off a fire, ogola;
to put a pot on the fire, tlha-
tlaea; to flame, as a large fire,
tutuma; to set on fire, chuba;
to set fire to a persons house,
chubela motho ntlo ; a moun-
tain burning with fire, thaba e
e shan molel; unquenchable
fire, molel o o sa timen; an
enclosure of bushes round a
fire, motlaagana.
Firebrand, a. Logon loa mo-
lel.
Firefly, a. Sebonesawa.
Firewood. To gather firewood,
rwalela; sticks, dikgon.
Firm. To be firm, or firmly
fixed, tlhmama; to make firm,
tlhmamisa; to be firm, or
steady, sisibala; to make
steady, sisibatsa ; to make firm
by wedging, or knocking in, as
a pole in the ground, setlla
to stand firm and immovable,
tsetalala; to make firm, or hold
firmly, as a washer a screw,
garla.
Firmament, the. Loapi, lego-
dimo, phutholog ea legodimo.
Firmly. See Firm.
First. The first, oa ntlha, sa
ntlha, etc.; at first, pele; first,
or at first, simoga; it is first
beautiful, bo simoga bo le bo-
ntl; the first or foremost, k-
t a pele; to be first, or before
others, raka.
Fihstborn, a. Nwana oa burure;
nwana oa boitibol ; nwana oa
tibola lotha. A firstborn calf,
namane ea tibola lotha.
Firstfruit. Lebucwapele.
Firstly. Ga ntlha.
Fish, a. Tlhapi. A small fish,
tlhacwana, lecwala; a great
fish, or whale, leruarua; to
fish, or catch fish, chwara di-
tlhapi.
Fisherman, a. Mochwari di-
tlhapi.
Fissure, a. Logagu, pi. dikga-
gu.
Fist, a. Lecwele, pi. macwele,
mabole. To strike with a fist,
setla; to strike with the fist,as in
boxing, nata ka lecwele, kgtla
ka lecwele; to clench a fist,
huna lecwele; to close the fist
upon something, huparla; to
stamp with a fist, tuba; to
open ones own fist, phutholola
lecwele; to open, or force open,
the fist of another person,
huporolola; he is close fisted,
or stingy, o timane, o bohula;
to strike each other with fists,
ubana ka macwele.
Fit. A fainting fit, monatg ;
a convulsive fit, with stiffness
of limbs, karalal, mokaralal ;
to have a fainting fit, natga ;
to have a fit with convulsions
and stiffening of the limbs,
karalala; to have an epileptic
fit, idibala; to have a trembling
fit, ttsla; a fit of trembling,
ttsl ; to be convulsed, as
when water is thrown on one
in a fit, hahama; to convulse,
as by throwing water on, ha-
hamisa; to come to after a fit,
idibologa, rulwa; to start up
trembling after a fit, tsiboga,
tsitsiboga; to fit or be fitting,
chwanela; to fit badly, rona;
they fit you badly, dia gu rona ;
badly fitting garments, diapar
tse di ronan; to be fitting,
chwanela; was it not fitting,
etc. ? a ga go no go sa chwane-
la? a fitting time, lobaka loa
teban; a badly fitting garment,
seapar se se ronan; to fit
nicely together, as dovetailed
wood, lomana.
Fitting. See Fit.
Five. Tlhan. Five sheep, di-
nku di tlhano, dinku di le


97
tlhano; the five fishes, ditlhapi
tse tlhano.
Fix. To fix, or make firm, tlh-
mamisa; to fix in on end, tlh-
ma; to fix two pieces of wood
nicely together, lomanya; to
fix a time, laola motlha; to fix
on, tlhmla; they fixed it on
a pole, ba le ba se tlhmla ka
logon; to fix the heart, tsepga
pelo ; to fix the eyes, see Eyes ;
to be fixed, or permanent, riti-
bala.
Fizz. To fizz, as beer fermenting,
shashanyga; to fizz, as fat
boiling, chachanyga.
Flabby. To be flabby, as poor
meat, matpta.
Flag. To tire, lapa; a small
flag, sekgl, mokgl.
Flagstone, a. Letlapa.
Flail. A threshing flail, mo-
tlwana.
Flame, a. Kgabo. To flame,
tuka; to flame much, tutuma.
Flannel. Flane (hybrid); khai;
kgai.
Flap. To flap the wings, as a
cock, pa diphuka; to flap tho
wings slowly, as a vulture
about to settle, abula; to flap
or shake a cloth with one or
both hands, in order to get out
the dust, udubatsa; to flap flies
off, boka dintsi; to flap, or be
blown about in the wind, ruru-
bala.
Flat. Papetla; sepapetla; dipa-
petla; sematla, Int. To be-
come flat, papetlga; it is flat,
e papetla, e sepapetla; to be
flat, papetla; to make flat, or
flatten out, tlapetla, tapetla;
they were flat, a bo a le a
dipapetla; flat stones, mayc a
dipapetla; a flat plank, lofnati
lo lo sepapetla; a flat stone
or flagstone, letlapa; a flat,
smooth place, patlcl; a flat,
or open treeless space, sebatla;
a flat place on the top of a hill,
getlhaba.
Flatness. Bopapetla.
Flatten, to. Papetlisa; tapetla;
tlapetla.
Flatter. To extol, haka; to
deceive by flattery, rethehatsa.
Flattery. Phak.
Flatulence. To rumble from
flatulence, kurutla; to void
wind, phinya.
Flavour, a. Lonk; moutlwal;
molodi. To flavour, as with
salt, loka, cwaisa; to lose
flavour, cwapoga; it has lost
its flavour, le cwapogile; to
take away the flavour, c wapola;
he has made it flavourless with
water, o e cwapots ka metse.
Flavourless. Securucuru; co-
la; ribi. To become flavour-
less, cwapoga; to make flavour-
less, cwapola.
Flax. Lodi.
Flay. To take off a skin, bua;
the skin is taken off the flesh,
nama e builwe; the flesh has
had the skin flayed off, letlal
le builwe.
Flea, a. Lesai, pi. masai, bosai.
Flee. To flee from, tshaba;
flee to, tshabla kwa; to fleo
from, not from fear, tshabla;
to flee, or escape from, halola
mo; to cause to flee, or put to
flight, llka; to flee from, or
avoid, thibogcla.
Fleece, a. Sesetlh, setshetlh.
Fled. It fled, or flew, e le ea
hoha; he fled, o la a tshaba;
he has fled from him, o mo
tshabetse; he has fled from
him, from fear, o mo tshabile.
Fleet. Bonak. See Run.
Flesh. Nama. To rise above
the flesh, as proud flesh, or be
raw, as a wound, betologa.
Flexible, to become. Shwla.
It is flexible, e shwetse;
flexible, or soft, nl; flexible
at the edge, as a knife too
much sharpened, boyebu.
Flicker. To flicker, as a dis^
tant fire, nyedima.
a


98
Flies. Dintsi. To fan away
flies with a flapper, boka dintsi.
Flight, a. Phoh; tshab. To
put to flight, llka.
Flimsy. Kgetlga.
Fling. To fling or cast away,
latlha.
Flint. Lekgethu, lencw.
Flit. To change ones resi-
dence, huduga.
Float, to. Kokobala. To allow
oneself to float on, or to go
down with a stream, keledisa;
a thing floating on or going
down with a stream of running
water, seikeledisa; a float, or
pole to swim on, taa; ai float,
or raft, sehata; a floating stick
etc., kgogodi; to float in the
air with unbent wings, as a
hawk, iba.
Flock, a. See Drove.
Flog. See Beat.
Flood, a. Morwalla. To wash
away, as a flood, kgophola.
Floor. On the floor, ha hatshe ;
a plastered floor, bopapath ;
a plastered floor in a backyard,
sebupi; a threshing floor in a
yard, sebupi; a threshing floor
in a garden, seboana; to floor,
or put planks down, ala dimati;
it is floored with planks, e
adilwe dimati.
Flounder. To flounder in mud,
bidikama mo seretsen.
Flour. Bupe; boope. Fine
flour, bupe yo bobolta, setou.
Flourish. To prosper, tshego-
hala; to brandish, kgatikanya;
to shake, or wave over the
head, natetsa, kgana.
Flow. To flow, as water, la,
lela; to flow freely, thoboga;
to flow, as a large body of
water, sesla; to flow freely
(of blood), ikara; to flow abun-
dantly, or stream out, tsitlo-
loga; a river that flows with
water, noka e e cl clan mctse;
to flow, or drop, cla ; to flow
to the ground, la ba hatshe;
to cause to flow, or gush out,
thobola.
Flower, a. Sesheshe. A flower
or blossom of fruit-bearing
plants or trees, sethunya; a
flower of a bulb, phuhi; a
flower of grass, kaba, sethun-
ya sa boyan; a mealie stalk
flower, lohtlh.
Fluctuate. To be fluctuating,
as a ripe abscess when pressed,
bokapukapu; the sore fluctu-
ates, nth e bokapukapu.
Fluent. _Ho is fluent, o selta
mo puon.
Flute, a. Phala.
Flutter. To flutter, as clothes
in a wind, or chaff falling,
phaphama; to flutter the wings,
as a fowl when caught, or a
hawk about to dart down, pha-
phasela.
Fly, a. Ntsi. A gadfly or dun-
fly, sel)oba; a swarm of flies,
motshitshi; to fly, hoha; to
fly, or flee, tsliaba; to fly about,
as sparks, thanthanyga; a
dogfly, lenodu; to fly about, or
flap in the wind, rurubala; to
fly, or sail with unbent wings,
as a hawk, iba; to fly, or hover
over, as a hawk, kala; to fly
down, or dart down, as a hawk,
cuulala.
Foal, a. Petsana.
Foam. Loshul ; leshul. Foam
left on ground by retreating
water, maphoko; a little ball
of foam found in new grass,
which contains an insect and
is supposed to cause foot and
mouth disease in cattle, bott ;
to foam at the mouth, phoka
mashul; to foam, as milk in a
milking vessel, phoka.
Foe,*a. Mmaba, pi. baba.
Foetus. A foetus when very
little, madi; a foetus about
three months old, tlhaka; a
large human foetus, nwana;
a large animal foetus, namane;
foetus of a wild animal, sena-


Full Text

PAGE 1

This volume was published with intervening unnumbered blank pages. Blanks were intended for the reader's record of words and definitions not found in the printed dictionary. This copy retains only printed and inscribed pages. Unnumbered blank pages have been removed.

PAGE 2

PRESENTED TO THE SCHOOL OF ORIENTAL STUDIES, LONDON INSTITUTION. BY ............................ ...... .. ON .................... .::.9 ... N.OY. .l920 ................ ..

PAGE 3

SECWANA DICTIONARY ENGLISH-SECWANA AXD SECWANA-ENGLISH -. BY JOHN BROWN .-. .. ,. ........... "! \ ;.. : PRINTED FOR THE LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY BY BUTLER & TANNER, FROME AND LONDON I89S

PAGE 5

PREFACE AFTER a lapse of nearly twenty years, a new edition of the Secwana vocabulary ought to be larger and more correct than the first edition. It will, I think, be found that this is the case, though there will still be defects. In such a work, mistakes and omissions are not easily avoided. In some respects the Secwana language is very rich in words, and different words have but a very slight differ ence in meaning. Look, for instance, at the list of words under the headings Break, Cut, Take, and Turn. On the other hand, there are some respects in which the language is decidedly poor; and it is no easy matter for an enquirer to avoid being led astray as he seeks for words to express ideas which experience and use have made familiar to him, but which are indistinct, if not foreign, in the mind of his native helper. No doubt variations in spelling will still be found in the vocabulary and other books. Some of these are owing to varying opinions, and others to a difficulty in deciding upon the proper letters to use. Even in books printed at Kuruman, words will be found which are spelt in mo1e ways than one. In some cases the variations are owing to differences in tribal use in the north and south. These differences are found especially in words written with o and u, e and e, and tsh, lo and le. "'When the learner meets with such variations which he is able to test by ear, he must not conclude that mistakes have been made. Neither let the learner conclude when he meets with a word not known in the part where he lives, that this word must be wrong. Some words are in use in one part of the country which are not even known to the natives of other parts. I have met with some words in books, and received others from missionaries, which my Motlhapifi helper knew nothing about. These words I have indicated s

PAGE 6

4 thus : Int. Interior words known in the south are generally written after the Setlhapiii words. No few words are being added to the language by the adoption of English or Dutch words, and giving them a Secwana pronunciation. Thus, to comb the hair is, Go kama-Kam being the Dutch for a comb. Some of these words are given in the vocabulary, and are designated hybrid. As the book is bulky, and the demand for it will be limited, I fear the price will be comparatively high. No more than the bare cost, however, will be charged. The Missionary Society will be satisfied if the outlay is re funded by sales flOme day. The compiler has done the work as a part of his duties. JOHN BROWN. TA UNGS1 llfal"clt,

PAGE 7

HINTS TO LEARNERS OF SECWANA. h is not easy to teach Secwana according to the rules of grammar, and those who try so to learn it will meet with many difficulties. All that is attempted in these hints is to give learners an insight into the structure of the language, and guide them in their efforts to acquire it. Canon Crisp, in:his "Notes towards a Secwana Grammar," has given us the language in a grammatical form as nearly, perhaps, as it is possible to give it, and learners will find his book a great help. OurnoGRAPHY, There is a good deal of difference of oprmon as to how Secwana should be written. No general rules have as yet been agreed upon, and words will be found spelt differently in different books. A learner, however, will soon become accustomed to the variety. The orthography of this vocabulary is that used by the missionaries of the London Missionary Society. The dialect is, for the most part, that of the Batlhaping tribe. LETTERS AND TBEIU SOUNDS. The letters b, lt, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, w, and y, are used as in English. In the north, and also among the Barolong, lt has a sound resembling bit, or flt; and in some books it is written j: Sometimes !t has the sound of r. y sometimes has a sound approaching the English j, as, for instance, in Le11wa. 1i is sounded like ng in bung. d is more like the English d than any other letter; though it is thought by some to resemble l and r. Perhaps the letter d only partially sounded is as near an approach to the sound as an English learner could get without help. c is sounded like cl& in church. o is a guttural, and is used as in Dutch. It is heard also in the Scotch word loch. a is like a in father. e has two sounds, one like a in age, and the other i in win. e is like e in web. i is like the double e in see and been. 5

PAGE 8

6 o two sounds; the o in rope, and the sound heard when southern Becwanas pronounce the word leltoko. o is like ou in ought. u is like u in 1ura.l. kg is a combination of k and the guttural, and its sound can only be acquired by practice. tllt is tl aspirated. tsh is ts aspirated. Two vowels coming together are genero.lly both sounded. In the case of double n, the voice rests upon the letters, making them almost like two syllables. same is also the case with double m. PnoNUNCIATION AND AccENT. The general rule. is that words are rlividE>d at the vowels; and the accent is on the last syllable but one, e.g. 'l'unullo, and Itm1tela. When words end in 11, the emphasis is on the last syllable, i.e. Itumela,l.. In the case of words of only one syllable the accent is on the last syllable of the word preceding it, i.e. Ke tla. sha ; Ba le ba ga ; Rea nwa. In some cases, only a very slight difference in sound or emphasis distinguishes one word from another. Sometimes, indeed, the difference is so slight as to be indistinguishable by any but a quick ear, and orthography falls to express it. Fortunately, such words are not numerous, and the connection will generally indicate the meaning. EuPHONIC CHANG:s. Attention should be paid to certain changes in consonants, which evidently take place for the sake of euphony, e.g.-B into P. Bolaea, Ipolaea. G Kg. Godisa, Ikgodisa. R Th. Ruta, Ithuta. D '1'. Disa, Itisa. L r. Leba, Iteba. L D. Bola, Bodile. H 1 Ph. Lohare, Diphare. When mo precedes words beginning with b, the two words become one, i.e. Ke tla mmona, for Ke tla mo bona. Re le ra mmitsa, for Re le ra mo bitsa. PARTICJ.ES. A learner of Secwana will do well, at the outset, to concern himself but little with grammatical rules, and pay special attention to certain little particles which are in such con stant use as to play an important part in the structure of the

PAGE 9

7 language. Each noun has its own particle or particles which perform several offices, and without which the noun is very seldom used. In the use of pronouns, adjectives, and verbs also, these particles show themselves. following sen tences will show the frequency of their use. The particle of the majority of nouns is e. Kico e, This know ledge ; Kico ea me, My know ledge; Kico e kgolo, great knowledge; Kico e tla thusa, Knowledge will help; Kico eotlhe, All the knowledge; Kico e iiwe, The other knowledge. The particle of nouns beginning with se is se. Setlhare se, This tree ; Setlhare sa me, My tree ; Setlhare se se golo (written segolo), A large tree; Setlhare se tla wa, The tree will fall; Setlhare se se iiwe (written sefiwe), The other tree ; Setlhare shotlhe, All the tree. 'fhe particles of nouns beginning with le are le and ye. Leru ye, This cloud ; Leru ye me, My cloud ; Leru ye le golo, A large cloud; Leru le tla bonala, The cloud will appear ; Leru ye le iiwe, The other cloud ; Leru yeotlhe, All the cloud. The particle of nouns beginning with lo is lo. Lokwalo lo, This book ; Lokwalo loa me, My book; Lokwalo lo lo golo, A large book ; Lokwalo lo tla wa, 1.'he book will fall ; Lokwalo lo lo golo, A large book ; Lokwalo lo lo iiwe, The other book ; Lokwalo lotlhe, All the book. The particles of nouns beginning with bo are bo and lJO. Bogobe yo, This bread; Bogobe yoa me, My bread; Hogobe yo bo golo, large bread; Bogobe bo tla thusa, The bread will help; Bogobe yo bo iiwe, The other bread; Bogobe yotlhe, All the bread. The particles for nouns beginning with mo, are o and mo. Monwana o, 'fhis finger ; Monwana oa me, My finger ; Monwana o mo golo, A large finger; Monwana o tla gola, The finger will grow ; Monwana o mo iiwe, The other finger ; Monwana otlhe, All the finger. Personal nouns beginning with mo, have eo also as a particle. Mosadi eo, This woman ; Mosadi oa me, My wife ; Mosadi eo mo golo, A great woman; Mosadi o tla ea, The woman will go; Mosadi eo mo iiwe, The other woman. The particle of nouns beginning with ba is ba. Banona ba, These men ; Banona ba me, My men; Banona ba ba golo, The great men ; Banona ba tla ea, The men will go ; Banona ba ba iiwe, The other men ; Banona botlhe, All the men. The particles of nouns beginning with ma, are a and ma. Maina a, These names. (The a here is sounded like wa

PAGE 10

8 and may sometimes be found written so). Maina. a. rona, Our names; Maina a. ma golo, The great names; Maina a tla balwa, The names will be read; Maina a ma iiwe, The other names ; Maina a.otlhe, All the names. The particles of nouns beginning with me are e and me. Menwana e, 'l'hese fingers; Menwana ea me, My fingers ; Menwana e me golo, The 11:reat names; Menwana e tla sha., The fingers will be burned; Menwa.na. e me iiwe, The other fingers; Menwana eotlhe, All the fingers. '!'here are some exceptions to the rules relating to the par ticles. For instance, Metse, water, has a. as its particle. Mmele has o ; Dusho has lo. 'l'hese exceptions will all, I think, be found in the vocabulary. AnTrcr.E, There is no article in Secwana. Each noun includes its article within itself. Molao is either a law, or the law. Kgoma e shule, The ox. is dead ; literally, The ox it is dead. NouNs. Number. The plural of nouns whose particle is e, is formed by prefixing di to the singular. Puo, Dipuo; NotO, Dinoto; Thupa, Dithupa.; Kgosi, Dikgosi; Cha.ka, Dichaka.; Nata, Difiata.. Nouns beginning with se, change se into di in forming the plural. Setlhare, Ditlhare. Nouns beginning with lo, change lo into di, and sometimes into ma. Lonao, Dinao; Louiiwo, Mauiiwo. Nouns beginning with mo, change mo into 1ne. Monwa.na, Menwana. Personal nouns beginning with mo, however, change into ba. Motho, Batho; Moloi, Ba.loi. Nouns beginning with mm, change into me. Mmopo, Mebopo; Mmele, Mebele. Personal nouns beginning with mm have other changes. Mmatli, Babatli; Mmolai, Babolai. Names of trees generally have the singular in 1lto, and the plural in ma. Mokala, Makala. Nouns beginning with le, change le into 1lta. Leina, Maina. Some nouns form their plurals irregularly. Dusho, Dincho ; Letsatsi, Malatsi; Mutlwa, Mitlwa. ; Loleme, Diteme; Nwana, Bana; Ntlo, Matlo; Lodi, Dinti. The plurals of personal nouns and nouns of relationship are sometimes formed by prefixing bo to the singular. Mmabo, Bomma.bo. A large number is sometimes expressed by using the prefix bo or 1lta. Bonche, Many articles ; Manku, Many sheep. Gender.-The gender of nouns is expressed in some cases by

PAGE 11

9 a separa.te word, and in others by a change m the adjective. For instance, Mosimane, A male child ; Mosetsa.na., A female child. Nca., A dog; Nca. e na.ma.ga.di, A bitch. Kgomo e ncho, A black ox; Kgomo e chwana, A black cow. CaBe.The possessive case of nouns whose particle is e, or o, or lo, is formed by adding a to the particle. Nku ea me, My sheep; Menwana. ea ga.go, Thy fingers; Mosadi oa. ga.gwe, His wife ; Loma.o loa. bona, 'rheir needle. Nouns whose particles are le and ye have ya, Leino ya me, My tooth. Nouns whose particles are yo and bo, have yoa. Boleo yoa bona, Their sin. Nouns whose particles are di and tBe, have tBa. Dilo tsa gagwe, His things. Nouns whose particle is Be have Ba. Setulo sa me, My stool. Nouns whose particles are ba or a retain the particles unchanged. Baba ba rona, Our enemies; Mahumfi a gagwe, His riches. In the case of propar names the is followed by ga. Pitse ea ga Peter, Peter's horse. Verbal nouns also have ga. Go diha ga gagwe, His work ing. Place where IS expressed by the prepositions mo, ha, kalta, and kwa. In these cases the noun enJs in 11, and certain changes also take place in the vowel of its final syllable, the open vowel becoming, as a rule, acute. For instance:-a changes into e. Pitsa. Mo pitseii, In a pot. e changes into i. Setlhare. Mo setlhariii, In a tree. u changes into o. Tiho. Mo tihoii, In a work. o, where it has the distinctive southern sound, changes into u. Lehoko. Lehokuii, In a word. e changes into e. Kolobe. Mo kolobeil, In a pig. In this locative case there are also euphoaic changes in some of the consonants. Pelo. Mo peduii, In a heart. Letlole. Mo letlodiii, In a box. Nouns ending in 11 seem to vary in usage. Boyaii. Mo boyaiieii, Mo boyaiiyeil, and l'Ylo boyanye, all seem to be heard. ADJECl'IVES. Adjectives are joined to nouns by means of the particles. The usual method in the books is to connect one of the particles with the adjective itself, i.e., Motho eo mogolo, A great person; Ba.tho ba basha, New people; Setlhare se sentle, A beautiful tree; Ditlhare tse dintle, Beautiful trees ; Mahoko a mabotlana, Few words, etc. But the method which would show and preserve the structure of the language

PAGE 12

10 better is that by which the usual forms of the particles are preserved throughout. We should then write :-Motho eo mu golo; Batho ba. ba sha; Setlha.re se se ntle; Ditlhare tse di ntle; Ma.hoko a. ma butla.na, etc. Certa.in euphonic changes appear in the use of the a.djec tives, i.e., Thipa. e putlana.; Setlhare se se botlana.. Ntlo e ncha ; Secwalu se se sha. Nouns and verbs are used as adjectives by means of the particles. 1\'Iotho eo o tha.ta, A strong man, or The man who is strong; Nca e e bogale, An a.ngry dog, or The dog which is angry; Metse a a lecwai, Salt wa.ter; Tiho e e nya.tsega:i'i, A despicable work. The comparative degree is generally expressed by using the word bogolo. Podi e e tonna, A large goat; Podi e e tonna. bo,g"olo, A la.rger goat. To express the superlative deg1ee, bogolo bogolo is used. Podi e e tonna bogolo bogolo, The largest goat. NtrMEUALS. The Secwana numerals up to seven are expressed by words which are preceded by the particles, and vary slightly according to euphonic requuement. One, Nwe. One horse, Pitse iiwe. Thee is elided. One tree, Setlhare seiiwe. The remark as to the method of writing, which was made in connection with adjectives, would apply here also. Two, Pedi. Two horses, Dipitse dipedi; Dipitse di le pedi. Two people, Batho babedi. Three, Tharo. Three horses, Dipitse ditharo; Dipitse di le tharo. Three people, Batho bararo. Pou1, Ni:, and Nne. Four horses, Dipitse dine; Dipitse di le ne. Four fingers, Menwana mene. Pive, rJhano. Five horses, Dipitse ditlhano. Five people, Batho batlhano. Six, 'l'hataro. Six horses, Dipitse dithataro. Six people, Batho barataro. Six fingers, Menwana merataro. Seceu, Shupa. Seven horses, Dipitse dishupa. Seven people, Batho bashupa. Eiuht is expressed by bending down the two smallest fingers on the right hand. Ei11:ht horses, Dipitse tse di hera:i'i menwana mebedi; Dipitse di hera menwana mebedi. Nine is expressed by folding down the little finger of the right hand. Nine horses, Dipitse tse di hera:i'i monwana o le mo:i'iwe hela; Dipitse di hera monwana o le moiiwe hela. Ten, Shome. Ten horses, Dipitse dishome. Ten people, Ba.tho bashome. The numera.ls higher than ten a.re complicated, and may be written in more ways than one.

PAGE 13

11 Eleven. Eleven horses, Dipitse d1shome di cwa ko. iiwe hela. Eleven boys, Basimane ba. le shome ba. cwa. ka. moiiwe hela.. Twelve. Twelve boys, Basimane ba. le shome le meco e le mebedi. 1.'hirteen. Thirteen sheep, Dinku dishome di cwa. ka. ditha.ro. Twenty, Ma.shome ma.bedi. Thirty, Ma.shome mararo .llorty, Mashome mane. The first, Ea ntlha.; Sa ntlha; Oa nthla, etc. The second, Ea. bobedi, etc. The third, Ea boraro, etc. 1.'he fourth, Ea. bone, etc. 1.'he fifth, Ea botlhano, etc. The sixth, Ea borataro. Tlte seuenth, Ea boshupa.. The eighth, Ea. bohera. menwa.no. mebedi, ete. The ninth, Ea bohera monwana o le moiiwe hela. Tlte tenth, Ea boshome. Pao:souNs. PERSONAL PuoNouNs. Singular. 1, Ke; Nna.. I will go, Ke tla ea; Nna. ke dihile yalo, I (emphatic) have done this. Me. In the case of active verbs, the personal pronoun, first person singular, becomes a part of the verb, and involves the usual euphonic changes; 0 tla nthata, He will love me ; 0 tla nthiba, Re will stop me; 0 tla mphenya, He will conquer me ; 0 tla. nkgakolola, He will advise me. You and Tltou, U; W!ma. You will go, or, Thou wilt go. U tla ea; Thou wilt help, Wena, u tla thus&. Tltee, Gu. 0 tla,gu thusa, He will help thee. He and She, 0, Ena. 0 thusitse, He has helped; Eno. o tla thusa, He (emphatic) will help. Him, or Her, Mo. Ke tla mo thusa, I will help him. \Vhen 1110 precedes a verb beginning with b, it becomes a part of it by elision. Ke tla mmitsa, for, Ke tla mo bitsa ; Ba mmonye, for, Ba mo bonye. lt is expressed by the particle of the noun. E tla thusa, It will help; Ke tla se thusa, I will help it. PLURAL PnoNOUNS. lVe, Re; Rona; Chona. Re tsile, 1Ne have come; Rona re tla ea, Vve (emphatic) will go. Us, Re. 0 tla re thusa, He will help us. You, Lo ; Lona ; N yena. Lo tla ea, You will go ; Lona lo tla ea, You (emphatic) will go; 0 tla lo thusa., He will help you. They a.nd Tlten are by the particles of the pronouns. Di tla ea1 '!'hey will go ; Ba tla ea, 'l'hey will go ; Ke tla di reka, I wlll buy them ; Ke tla ba thusa, I will help them.

PAGE 14

12 In connection with a verb, both the noun and its pronoun are used. Nca e tla loma, The dog (it) will bite; Nca ea me e tla loma, My dog will bite. The women will go, J;Ja.sadi ba. tla ea. Poss:ssrvE PRONOUNS. My, or Mine, Me. Pitse ea me, My horse ; Pitse e ke ea me, This horse is mine. Thy, or Tltit1e, Gago. Pitse ea ga.go, Thy horse ; Pitse e ke ea ,g-a.go, This horse is thine. His, or Hers, Ga.gwe. Pitse ea. ga.gwe, His horse ; Pitse e ke gagwe, This horse is his; Moses o ke oa. gagwe, This frock 1s hers. lis is expressed by ana affixed to the particles with certain euphonic changes. Tlhilgo ea e(ina, Its head ; Secwalo sa yeona, Its lid (Letlole); Letlalo ya ona, Its skin (Monwana); Mocwi oa yona, Its arrow (Bora) ; Kala ea shona, Its branch (Setlhare); Lonala loa Iona., Its nail (Lonao) .. Our, or Ours, Ro:p.a ; Chona. Pitse ea rona, Our horse ; Pitse e ke ea rona, This horse is ours. You1, or Yours (plural), Lona; Nyena. Pitse ea Iona, Your horse. Pitse e ke ea Iona, This horse is yours. T!teir, or Theirs, is expressed by the particle of the noun, with certain euphonic changes. Pitse ea bona, Their horse; Dikala tsa cona, Their branches ; Mmala oa aona, Their colour; Bokoa yoa eona, Their weakness. DEliONSTRA1'IVE PRONOUNS. This, or These, is expressed by one of .the particles of the nouns. Thipa e, This knife; Selo se, This thing; Letlole ye, This box; Morahc o, This nation; Motho eo, This person; Bogobe yo, This bread; Batho ba, These people; Dipitse tse, These horses; Mahoko a, words; Mebila e, These roads. T!tat, or These, is expressed by adding uo to the particle. Pitse euo, That horse; Lesaka yeuo, That krall; Batho ba.uo, Those people; Ditlhare tseuo, These trees. 7'/zat yonder, or These yonde1, is expressed by adding le to its particles. Ntlo ele, That house yonder; Motho eole, That person yonder; Mohuta ole, That heap yonder; Batho bale, Those people yonder; Dinku tsele, Those sheep yonder. DIS1'JUIIUnn: PnoNOGNS. Each, or Every is expressed by addin,g' ?'iu:e to the particle, and repeating the word so formed. Nku iiwe le iiwe, Each sheep ; Every sheep. In this case the particle is elided. Setlhare seiiwe le seiiwe, Each tree ; Every tree. Mosadi moiiwe le moiiwe, Each woman; Every woman. Lehoko leiiwe le leiiwe, Each word; Every word. lNTERROG A TJ n: PRONOUNS. W/10 ? Maii i' Emaii ? Maii eo ? Who is this ? Ena emaii ? Who is he ? Emaii eo o dihileii yalo ? Who has done this ? Ba bo maii ? Who are they ? What? Eii i' Eii se? What is this? Ba dihile eft? What

PAGE 15

13 have they done?' 0 raea eii? or, 0 raeaii? What does he say? JV!tich is expressed by adding lie to the particle. Lehoko lehe? Which word? Molao ohe? Which law? Dilo dihe? Which things? Maina ahe? Which names? Bonno bohe? Which dwelling-place? VERBS. In the use of Secwana verbs certain ,particles play an important part, and they are capable of expressing very slight variations in meaning. These particles vary some what in the dialects. A long list of showing the moods and tenses of the verb, may be found in Archdeacon Crisp's Grammar. In these hints, examples of the simplest forms only can be given. 'l'he learner must remember that the third person of verbs, both in the singular and the plural, always depends upon the particle of the noun; and these particles are always used either with the noun or in place of it .. The infinitive of the verb is formed by the use of go. Go rata, To love. Go bisa go rata, Not to love; Without loving. i"'..:., ___.. e .._ In eating, In not eating, By eating, By not eating, I eat, Thou ea test, He eats, It eats, We eat, You eat, They eat, I am eating, Thou art eating, He is eating, It is eating, We are eating, You are eating, They are eating, Mo goyeii. Mo go sa yeii. Ka go ya. Ka go sa ye. Ke ya. -.. J..-, c "'' ,. U ya., {......, o.-n.-, .... .._1 '-Oya. Eya. Se ya, ete. Reya. Loya. Bayn. Di ya, etc. Kea ya Uaya. Oaya. Ea.ya. Sea ya, etc. Rea ya. Loa ya. Baa ya. Dia ya, etc.

PAGE 16

14 I eat (habitually) Ke tle ke ye. You eat U tle u ye. He eats 0 tle o ye. It eats E tle eye. Se tle se ye, etc. We eat Re tle re ye, You eat Lo tie lo ye. They eat En tle ba ye. Di tle di ye, etc. In this habitual tense the accents of verbs disappear. Ke tle ke bonwe, I am habitually seen. Ea tle ba reme, '!'hey habitually chop. I do not eat. Thou dost riot eat, He does not eat, It does not eat, We do not eat, You do not eat., They do not eat, I did eat, or, I ate, Thou didst eat, He did eat. It did eat, We did eat, You did eat, They did eat, Gn ke ye. Ga u ye. Ga a ye. Ga eye. Ga se ye, etc. Ga re ye. Ga lo ye. Ga ba ye. Ga di ye, etc. Ke le ka ya. U lu ua ya. Olaaya. E le ea ya. Se le sa ya, etc. Re le ra ya. Lo le loa yn. Ea le ba ya. Di le tsa yn, etc. In the past tense, dependent sentences have the verb ihortened. Ke le ka mo raea, ka re, I spoke to l1im, saying, Ea le ba tla, me ba yn nama, 'l'hey came, and they ate the meat. I did not eat, Ga kea ka ka yn. Ke le ke se ka ya. Thou .didst not eat, Ga ua ka ua ya. U lu u se ka ua ya. He did not eat, Ga a ka a ya. A la a se ka a ya, It did not eat, Ga ea ka ea ya. E le e se ka ea ya. 0 lo o se ka oa ya. We did not eat, Ga rea karaya Re le re se ka rea ya,

PAGE 17

15 You did not eat, They did not eat, J-v l r.-lfr ,?;,,""I will eat, 'fhou wilt eat, He will eat, It will eat, We will eat, You will eat, They will eat, I will not eat, Thou wilt not eat, He will not eat, It will not eat, We will not eat, You will not eat, They will not eat, I have eaten, Thou hast eaten, He has eaten, It has eaten, We have eaten, You have eaten, They have eaten, Go loa. ka loa ya. Lo le lo se ka loa ya. Ga ba ka ba ya. Ba le ba se ka ba ya. Ga dia ka tsa ya, etc. Ke tla ya. U tla ya. 0 tla ya. Se tla ya, etc. Re tla ya. Lo tla ya. Ba tla ya. Di tla ya, etc. Ga nketla ke ya. Ga u ketla u ya. Ga a ketla a ya. Ga e ketla c ya. Ga le ketla le ya, etc. Ga re ketla re ya. Ga lo ketla lo ya. Ga ba ketla ba ya, Ga di ketla di ya. Ke yele. U yele. 0 yele. E yele. Se yele, etc. Re yele. Lo yele. Ba yele. Di yele, etc. The perfect form of the verb is never usod in negative sentences. I have not eaten, Ga kea ya. Thou hast not eaten, Ga ua ya. He has not eaten, Go. a ya. It has not eaten, Ga ea ya. We have not eaten, Ga rea ya. You have not eaten, Ga loa ya. 'fhey have not eaten, Ga boa ya. Ga dia ya. I have not (yet) eaten, Ga ke e so ke ye. Thou hast not (yet) eaten, Ga u e se u ye. He has (not (yet) eaten, Ga a e se a ye.

PAGE 18

16 Ga e e see ye. Ga le e se le ye, etc. It has not (yet) eaten, We have not (yet) eaten, Ga re e se re ye. You have not (yet) eaten, Ga lo e se lo ye. They have not (yet) eaten, Ga ba e se ba ye. Ga di e se di ye. I am eaten, Thou art eaten, He is eaten, lt is eaten, We are eaten, You are eaten, They are eaten, Kea yewa. Ua yewa. Oayewa. Ea yewa. Loa yewa, etc. Rea yewa. Loa yewa. Baa yewa. Dia yewa, etc. I am not eaten (at all) Ga ke yewe. Thou art not eaten, Ga. u yewe. He is not eaten, Ga. a yewe. It is not eaten Ga e yewe. We are not eaten You are not eaten They are not eaten Go. se yewe, etc. Ga re yewe. Galo yewe. Ga ba. yewe. Ga di yewe, etc. I am not eaten (not been eaten), Ga kea yewa. Thou art not eaten, Ga ua yewa. He is not eaten, Ga oa yewa. It is not eaten, Ga ea yewa. We are not eaten, You are not eaten, They are not eaten, Ga lea yewa, etc. Ga rea yewa. Ga loa yewa. Ga baa yewa. Ga dia yewa, etc. I would or should eat, Nkabo ke ya. Thou wouldst or shouldst eat, U kabo u ya. He would or could eat, 0 kabo a ya. It would or should eat, E kabo e ya; Se kabo se ya. 'Vc would or should eat, Re kabo re ya. You would or should eat, Lo kabo lo ya. They would or should eat, Ba kabo ba ya; Di kabo di ya. I would not or could not eat, Nkabo ke sa ye. Thou wouldst not or shouldst not eat, U kabo u sa ye. He would not or should not eat, 0 kabo o sa ye. It would not or should not eat, E kabo e sa ye. We would not or should not eat, Re kabo re sa ye.

PAGE 19

17 You would not or should not eat, They would not or should not eat, Lo kabo lo sa ye. Ba kabo ba sa ye. Di kabo di sa ye. I would. or should have eaten, Nkabo ke yele. 'fhou wouldst or shouldst have eaten, U kabo u yele. He would or should have eaten, 0 kabo a yele. It would or should have eaten, E kabo e yele; We would or should have eaten, You would or should have eaten, 'rhey would or should have eaten, Se kabo se yele. Re kabo re yele. Lo kabo lo yele. Di kabo di ye le; Ba kabo ba yel0. I would or should not have eaten, Nkabo l;e se ka ka ...-a. 'rhou wouldst or shouldst not have eaten, U kabo u se lia ua ya. He would or should not have eaten, 0 kabo a sa lm a ya. It would or should not have eaten, E kabo e se ka ea ya; Le kabo le se ka lea ya. We would or should not have eaten, Re kabo re se karaya. You would or should not have eaten, Lo kabo lose ka loa ya. 'rhey would or should not have eaten, Ba kabo ba se ka baa ya; Di kabo di se ka tsa ya. 1 can or may eat, 'fhou canst or mayest eat, He can or may eat, Ke ka ya; Nka ya. U ka ya. 0 ka ya. It can or may eat, We can or may eat, E ka ya ; Se ka ya. Re ka ya. You can or may eat, Lo ka ya. They can or may eat, Ba ka ya ; Di ka ya. I cannot or may not eat, You cannot or may not eat, He cannot or may not eat, It cannot or may not eat, Ga nkake ka ya. Ga u kake ua ya. Ga a kake a ya. Ga e kake ea ya ; Ga se kake sa ya. 'Ve cannot or may not eat, Ga re kake ra ya. You cannot or may not eat, Ga lo kake loa ya. 'rhey cannot or may not eat, Ga ba lmke ba ya. Ga di kake tsa ya. Eat thou, U ye. Eat ye, Ya1i; Lo ye. Let me eat, A ke ye. Let him eat, A a ye. Let it eat, A e ye. Let us eat, A re ye. Let them eat A ba ye. B

PAGE 20

Do not thou eat, Do not ye eat, 18 Let me not eat, Let him not eat, Let us not eat. Let them not eat, Use ye; Use ka ua ya. Se yeii; Lose ye. A ke se ye. A a se ye. A re se ye. Abase ye. NoTES oN '!'HE V.1mns. Perfect.The perfect form of the verb, as well as the pas sive, 'etc., is for the most part formed according to certain general rules; but the exceptions are many, and can only be learned by practice. 'l.'he most general rule for forming the perfect is that final a changes into ile, Rata, Ratile. There are some change;; which are found in almost all verbs of the same formation; though the exceptions are so numerous that it is difficult to frame rules that will include all. The following may be garded as ge11eral rules, the exceptions appearing, for the most part, in the vocabulary. Verbs ending in sa change into sitse, Hosa, Hositse. '!'hose ending in a1a change into ere, Chwara, Chwere. Those ending in nya change into ntse. Henya, Those ending in aua change into anye. Tlhabana, 'l'lhabanye. Those ending in ela change into etse. Chwa netse. '!'hose ending in anya change into Lekanya, Le Some verbs having the game termination form the perfect differently. Ala, Adile; Cohala, Cohetse; Jthwala, Ithwele; Ila, Iditse; Sila, Sidile; Gama, Gamile; Kgama, Kgame; Raea, Reile; Tsamaea, Tsa.maile; Hea, Hile; Bula, Budile; Dula, Dutse; Bona, Bonye; !{gona, Kgonne ; Gotsa, Gotsitse ; Bot.sa, Boditse. Some verbs form the perfect ilTegularly. Ya, Kgora, Kgotshe; Nwa, Nole; Shwa, Shule. A few verbs have the perfect in two forms. Cwa, Cwile, Du le. Verbs ":hose vowels are lon,g: generally have those vowels shortened m the perfect. Loa, Loile ; Kgona, Kgonne. Passices.-As a rule, the passive is formed by changing final a into u:a, iu:a, or eu:a. Rata, Ratwa; Ha, Hiwa; Yo., Yewa. In some cases a change takes place also in the consonants which precede the final vowel. Ala, .Aywa; Itsa, Idiwa.

PAGE 21

19 Verbs ending in nta change nta into 11wa. Roma., Roiiwa; Kama, Ka1iwa. Verbs ending in pa change into cwa. Kopa, Kocwa; Bipa, Bicwa. Some verbs with the same termination form the passive differently. Baca, Bewa; Bolaea, Bolawa. Some verbs have the passive in two forms. Kgatlha, Kga tlhwa, Kgatlhiwa; Kgwetsa, Kgwecwa, Kgwediwa. Secwana verbs have certain formtttions which are not found in English. 'rhe most common of have been called the Causative, the Relative, the Reci1)rocal and the Reflective. The Causative is generally formed by changing the final a of the verb into isa. Rata, Ratisa, Cause to love. The following are other forms of the causative. Horosetsa; Robala, Roba;tsa ; Huhana, Huhantsha; Kgaotsa, Kgaodisa; He la, Hetsa ; Goroga, Gorotsha; Bola, Bodisa ; Bona, Bonesa; Opela, Opcdisa; Itse, Itsise; Taboga, Tabosa, Bolola, Bolotsa. 1'/te Relative is genemlly formed by changing final a into eTa. Roma, Romela, to send for. The chief exceptions to this rule are verb:; which end in sa and change into selsa. Thusa, 'rhusetsa. Verbs ending in tsa somtimes change into letsa. Bitsa., Biletsa. The Recip1ocal is formed by adding nya or na to the final a, 'l'husa., 'l'husanya ; Rata, Ratana, love each other. 'l'here is sometimes a slight elision. Raea, Raana, Say to each other. The is formed by prefixing i to the verb. Thusa, Ithusa, Help oneself. There are sundry euphonic changes involved in the forma tion of the reflective. Beta, Ipheta; Hara, Iphara; Dihela, Itihela; Godisa, lkgodi,;a; Loma, Itoma; Sega, Itshega; Sira, Itshira. T!te Iuterrogative form of the verb is indicated by a at the beginning of a sentence. A u tla yt, Sha.ll you e
PAGE 23

P.ART I.-ENGLISH-SEC,V.ANA ABASE, ro. Kgiibalatsa; katisa. To abase or humble oneself, ikobobetsa. AllA'rE. 'l'o decrease, iilr above all things, lcwa godi modimo ga dilo cotlhe, kwa kgakala godimo ga dilo cotlhe. A JlltEAST. 'l'o be side by side, bapa; to be a. breast of him, go bapa nae ; to keep oneself a. breast of him, go ipapisn. nae. ABRIDGE, TO. Khutsahatsa. ABROAD. To be noised abroad, tuma. ABROGATE. To abrogate a treaty, golaganolola; to abrogate in law, laololn.. ABRUPTLY. Ka choganeco. ABSCESS, AN. Tlhagala; nthii. See SWELLING. To open an ab.

PAGE 24

scess, a.ra ; to make a large opening in an a.bscess, arola ; aboln; to close up, as the opening of an abscess, khnmo kela ; to reopen a closed ab scess, ABSCOND, TO. N wega, ABSENT. He is absent, ga a eeo; he was absent, o la a seeo ; they are absent, ga ba eeo ; ba seeo; to absent or withdraw oneself, ikutla; to be absent for along time, fiwalala. Ansoan. To absorb, as a sponge, hupa. ABSTAIN. To restrain oneself, ithiba; to abstain from, ithiba mo; to avoid doing, ikeha ; to shrink from doing, .or shirk; itsemeletsa. _4.ns't'RAC1'. ro take out, ntsha; to abstract a part, as of money, fiobetsa. ABSTEMIOUS. To be abstemions, go ithiba mo diyofi. ABUNDANCE. Letlotlo ; botlalO. ABUNDANT, or plentiful, as pro visions for a big feast, mma. ga.raga, maanyaanya. ABUNDANTLY. Ka maanya.anya. AnusE. Abuse or blasphemy, kgalii; angry abuse, or railing, kiimafi; to scold, omanya, gobola, kgalemela; to abuse him, mo4'gobolela; to abuse violently or blaspheme, kgala; to treat badly, dihela mash we. ABYSS, AN. Molete, molete o o senafi botlhatshe. AccEDE. To agree, dumCla. AccEPT. To receive, chola, amogela; to take, tsaea. AccEPTABLE. To be acceptable, or pleasing to, tsnlaba, nate hilla ; to be acceptable, or welcome, lebosega; things which are n.cceptable to God, dilii tse di lebosegeii. mo Modimoii.. ACCIDENT. By accident, ka lechocha. Acc!DENTAJ.LY. Ka lechocho, 22 AccolUIODATE. To help, thus&. AccoMPANY. ro go with, ea le; to go a little way with, when starting on a journey, buledisa; helegetsa ; to accompany on a journey, pata ; he is accom panied by, o pa.til we ke ; to accompany in an inferior capacity, bopela; to compel an animal to accompa.ny others, kgokgwetsa ; to cause to ac company, pntisa. AccOlli'LISH, ro. Dihabatsa. To be, or become accomplished, dihahala. AccoaD. To agree together, dumala.na, dumclana; with one accord, ka boi'lwe heht yoa pelo, mmiigil. AccORDING '1'0. Kaha, followed by nouns and verbs ending in ii.. According to his will, kaha thatofi ea gagwe, ka.ha go rateii. ga gagwe ; according to what he has done, lmha o dihileii. ka giina. AccouNT. An account, or reck oning, pa lii; on account of, lm., ka ntlha ea ; an account., or story, polelii; to account, or regard as, l!aea ; to give an account of oneself, ikarabela.; on this account, ka mouo ; to give an account, or relate, bolela. AccoumE, To. Tlhiimela. AccuMULATE, 1'0. Kokotletsa. To gather, phutha ; to hea.p up, koela; to be accumulated, phnthiiga, koega. AccuRATE. He is accurate in work, o ma.atlametlo. AccuaA1'ENESS in work, maa tlametlo. AcCURSED, TO BECOME. Hn tsega.. AccusATION. A false accusation, pa.teleco; a written accusation, lokwalO loa molato ; to bring an accusation, pega molato; nam mola.to. AccusE, ro. Noea molato, bala

PAGE 25

molat.o,pcgamola.to. Too.ccuse falsely, pa.teletsa., L'O.rJ.anyeletsa., tlhabeletso.; to accuse or crirnina.te each other, go bans.; he is falsely accused, o lomoge!elwa hCla; to accus!' of, molato kaga; they will accuse him to the chief, ba tla. mo naea mola.to kwa kgosiii ; things they accuse you of, dilil tsa ha lo naedit molato ciina ; he was accused, o la n. peg1va molato. AccusTmr;to. 'flwaets:t, lematsn, lamatsa. AccusTOMED. To become ac customed, tlwae!a, lamala, itcma, le mala; I am accus tomed, ke thvaetse, etc. ; they are accustomed to prayer, bn. lemaletse thapclo ; they are not accustomed to the laws, ga ba lemalele melaii ; he is accustomed to teach them, o tic a ba rute ; he was accus tomed, o tla a bn. rute. In this form the vowel accents disappea.t from the verbs; i.e., he is accustomed to arrive there, o tie o gorogele gcma ; they were accustomed to help their father, ba ne ba tie bn. thuse rra bi;oa ; he was ac customed to receive, o na a tla a chole; he who is accus tomed to evil, eo o it! wa.etseii boshula. AcnE, AN. Botlhoko. Tooth. ache, motlbagare ; stomnchn.che, kgadikegii ; to have a stomach ache, gadikega; to have headache, iicwa ke tlhogu; I have a headache, ke iicwa ke tlhiigo. ACHIEVE. To do, diba. Acm. Botlha. Very acid, mo tsarara.. AcKNOWLEDGE, TO. Ipobola; ipolcla. AcQUAINT. To tell, bolela.; to cause to know, itsise. AcQUAINTANCE. Those who are 23 their Rcquaintances, ba ba. itsanyeii nabii. AcQUAINTED. Hewasacquainted with him, o la a itsn.nya na.('; o la a mo itse gale. Acq,mEscF:, To. Dumela. ACQ,Ulli.E, TO. B<>nn.. To acquire by trade, bapala. Acq,ut'l', TO. Atlholo.. He has acquitted him, o mo atlhotse; he is acquitted, o Rtlhocwe; he was acquitted, being one of two contending parties, o la a at.lhoga. ; to set free, golola; to decide a cause in favour of, atlholela. Ac uoss. To lie across, rapalala; to stretch, or cause to lie across, rapalatsa; to come across, or meet with, rakana le; to lay across, as a bird the sticks of its nest, pbek
PAGE 26

to beer, o boyn.lwn.; he ha.s a great liking for beer, o chwn.kgocwe ke boyn.lwa. \DDING, AN. Kokeleco. ADDITION, AN. Kokeco; koke leco. ADDRESS. To speak to, bua. le. ADHERE TO, TO. Ma.tama; matarela ; k!fakgathegela. ADHESIVE. See ADHEitE. ADIEU. Farewell, sala sentll>; to bid a
PAGE 27

ka.ha mokgweil. ; o.ter his parture, sehularoii. sa gagwe ; shortly after you left us, he came here, e bile u seno. go re tlogelo., a salo. a tin. mono ; after the carrying away captive to Baby ion, kwa momgo ga go isi wa Babelona ; after those days, malatsi auo a sena go beta; after the temple was ngain built, tempela e sena go ba c agwa ; after one another up to six, moiiwe ha morn.gii go. eo moiiwe go hitlbtilo. kw" go oa borataro ; a little while after, morngwana, moragwa nyana. An"EBiliRTH. See PLACENTA. AF"l'EBNOON. Maitsiboeo.; mo tshegare oa maitsiboea; mai tseboea; maitsiboa. Just after midday, molebela ; to start in the afternoon, ii<>bo.. AFTERWA!tDS. }lorago; nama; kgabagare. We shall afterwards hear, re tlo. nama re utlwa; things which will afterwards come to pass, dilii tse di tlo. namaii di diho.halo. ; he was afterwards hungry, a namo. a utlwa tlala. 25 AGAIN. Gape; ba; hi\la. He will again refuse, o tla ba o gana ; he again denied, a hC!o. a latola ; we have again come, re bile re tsile ; it is again written, go bile go kwadilwe; we shall again be hearing, re bile re tin. nna re utlwa; where sha,ll I meet you again P ken. bo ke tin. kopana nau kae P again and again, gaiiwe le gape. AGAINST. Kgatlhanoit le, book word. To be over against, go leba.go.no. le; to be, or blow against, go tlho.bo.go.nya le; I am against him, or opposed to him, ke emana nae ; to sin against God, go leohela Mo dimo. AGE. Bogolo. His age, bogolo yoa gagwe ; he is o age, or grown up, o godile ; before they were thirty years of (l,ge. ba le ba e se bo. nne bogolo yoa dinyagn di le 30 ; he was ten years of age, o la a le bogolo yoo. dinyaga di le shoml'; a bo a le dinyaga di le shomc ; when I came to the age of understanding, e rile ke cwu. motho ; from age to age, mo tshika tshikeii; an age or time, motlhtt. ro liECOliE. Cohala. AGENT, AN. Agent (hybrid). A worker for, modihedi. AGITA1'E. Stir up, hudua, kgo. bera; shake about, as water, cubua, kgiiba. AorrATED. To be agitated or troubled, huduega; to be agi tated by st(trtling news, gosh<>ma. AGGRAV A1'E, To. Rumola; shuo.. Aoo. Some time ago, maliibu. ; fourteen years ttgo, ii.waga ono e le oa bo 14; long ago, bogologolo ; very long ago, bogologolo tala ; he came long ngo, ga a bolo a tla; they did this work long ago, go. ba bolo go diba. tihii e; a short time ago, mali">ba. AGoNY. Tlalclii. AGREE. To agree together, dumelana, duma.lana, ela goii we ; they agreed with him, ba le ha dumalana nal', ba le bo. golo.gaua nae ; to agrre to do a thing, go ea seiipii seitwe; to ogree after a quarrel, agi sana. AGREF.ABLE, TO nE. Nateho.. To be agreeable to, natehCla, tsruaba. AGREEMENT, AN. Kgolaganii; kgiilaganii ; kiiliiaganii ; tnma lanii. 'l'o mo.ke an agreement., golagana, giilagana, kiiliio.gana. AID. 'l'hushii. To aid, thusa. AIL. What ails him P o dihe tseii.? go ntse yait nae ?

PAGE 28

A llf, TO TAKE. Kaea. To aim 11t, kaeJa.; to miss the 11im, hosa; to aim ut or attempt, leka. Am. Wind, pheM; open space in the sky, loa pi; atmosphere, miea; to spread things out to air, ala; to go out into the fresh air, as a sick person, ipbokaphokisa. ALAJnr, TO. Chosa; tlhaga. An alarm, or loud shouting, mo kgosi ; to be alarmed, tlhagega. ALAS! au! aua! ALBINO, AN. Leshwahe. Au:Jn'. See AcnvE. ALIEN, AN. l\loei1 .. ALIENA'l'ED. 'l'o become, eiihala. ALIGHT. Hologa; pagologa. Alight as a bi1d on a tree, dula; alight as vultures on the ground, \\'0.. ALIKE, TO liE. Chwana. They are alike, ba chwana; they are just alike, b. To enter into an alli ance, golngana, giilagana .. ALLIGAToR, AN. Kwena, kwena. ALLOw. 'l'o permit, lescletsa; to admit, dumeln; allow me, ntesa; ullow me to speak, mma ke buc ; nkctla ke buc ; allow oneself, iteseletsa ; itesa. ALLURE. 'l'o tempt, raela; to entice, hepa. ALl([GHTY, 'fHE. Mothatietlhe; mothatieotlhe ; mothatiesi. ALliOS'l'. See NEARJ;.Y. ALliS. Kaci>, pl. dikncii; lenco, pZ. maacu. 'l'o give alms, acwa.; to give food, ha.; to give things, naea, thusa. ALONE or 0Nr. Y. Si or osi affixed to the pal'ticles. I alone, nna nno3i ; he alone, Cna. esi; tbou olonc, wena wesi ; they alone, biina bosi ; these things alone, dilil tse ka cosi; I shall go away alone, ke tla tsamaea ke le nosi ; his will alone, thltt<> ea gagwc cosi ; something or somebody standing alone, setlhoka ; he was 1tlone, o ht a le esi; to leave alone, lesa ; to go about alone, ALONGSIDE. To be, or to go alongside, iknma, ipnpatha; to go alongside, or near to the sea, go ipapathale lewatla. ALOOF. 'l'o stand aloof from them, cma ha go biina, itemolola. ALREADY. Le yana. Already ye are filled, lo setse lo kgotshe. ALso. Le gona ; bn ; bile. The ox also, kgomo le euna ; the man olso, monona le cna; the dogs also, dinca. le cilna ; I also, le nna; she is also married, o bile o nyccwe; he heard, and he also went away, a utlwa, a b1t a tsamnea; they also went on seeking, e bile ba ntse ba senka; I saw a boat, and a house also appeared, ka. biina mokiira e bile ntlo le eona

PAGE 29

e Mnala; when he stood up to read, he also tauqht, e1tre ha a ema. go bala, a bile a ruta. ; we thank, we also beg, rea leboga, e bile re kopa. ALTAR, AN. Aletara (hybrid). ALTER, TO. Hetola. 'l'o alter one's mind or purpose (for a good reason), hetoga, thinya; (for no reason at all), tlhanoga; to alter knowingly and pur posely what one has he1ml, when relating it, pipietsa; to alter or adjourn the time of a meeting, thintsl1a picii. ALTERED, TO BECOliE, or changed, hetoga; to become different, chwanologa; it l1as its branrl altered, c tlogile mo lochwaofi loa eiina. Ar:rERCATION, AN. Kgaii. ALTERNATE, '1'0. Hapaana.. To cause to alternate, hapaanya. AL'l'HOUGH. Leha. ALTOGETHER. Gotl11e. Altogether they were ten, ba le mmogo ke leshome. ALWAYs. Gale; ka gale. It is always, or still lacking, lo sa ntse lo tlhiikahala ; we are a!ways, or continually cheated, re ntse re tsiediwa. All. I am here, Ire hano ; I am a stranger, ke le moeii; ke moei1 ; I am buying, ke ntse ke ri\ka; I am not buying, ke ntse ke sa reke. AMASS, TO. Phutha. AMAZE, TO. Tseanya; galrga matsa. To become amazed, tseaua ; silohala. AllnASSADOR, AN. Moron wi. Al!IIIGUOL"SLY, TO TALK. Bua ka tbeleJ<. Allli11'ION. Boikgodishii. AliiiUSH, AN. 'l'ale!ii. To lie in ambush, lalela; to discover people in ambush, kwaa. A li!AIILE. Bori. AMI'l'Y. Tetlanyo. Ditlhatlhelo. AMONG. Gare; mo ; mo gare 27 ga. Among men, gore ga batho, mo b1tthui1; among them all, gare g,, bi"ma botlhe, mo go bi"ma. botlhe. AMONGST. See AliONG. AlrPU'l'A'rE, To. Kga.ola. ANCESTORS. Bogolo. ANCIElii''I'S. Ba bogologolo. AND. Me ; le. And he said, 1ne a re; a man and a woman, monona. le mosa.di ; he will be called and told, o tla bidiwa a ba a bole!elwa; it is killed and eaten, se holailwe, se be se yewa; he who ploughs the ga.rden and herds my cattle, eo o lemafi tshimo ea me le go disa dikgomo tsa me ; it was he who was grown up anu married, e le e le ena eo 0 godileii, a bile n. nyetse ; did we not eat and drink? a ga rea ka ra ya, 1-a ha ra nwa ? I saw a boat, and a house also appeared, ke le ka bi"mn mokoro, e bile le ntlo e biinala. ANEW. Sesha; gosha. ANGEII. Bogale; bocarara; kgakaco; kgalehii ; chakgalii. ANGLE, AN. Lenya. ANGIIY, TO BECOl!E. Galeha; gakatsegn. ; shakgala. He is angry, o bogale; he was angry, a na bogale, a tuka molelo ; to make angry, galetsha, shakgatsa; to be angry with, galebela, tukela; to be angry, or indignant, gakala; to be very angry, shakgala; angry looking, biiriitiilii. ANGRILY. To speak angrily, kgalemn. ; to speak angrily to, kgalemela; to contend angrily, shalrgala; to look angrily at him, go mo dilola. ANGUISH. 'l'lalelo; manoiiOnofio; manoiionoiio. ANUIAL. A living thing, setshedi, se se tshedilefi; a large, powerful animal, seoka. A wild animal that hiiB hoofs like a goat is designated a

PAGE 30

pbo-,l,jhOJii; one with paws is a sebatana; and the latter are usually ravenous. A:-la, tlotsa ; to anoint or smear things, tshasa; to n.noint with much fat, hiima; to anoint oneself, itlotsa ; anoint your head, u itlotse tlhiigo. ANOIXTED, TO BE. Tlodiwa. ,An anointed one, motlodiwi. ANOINTING, 4_N. Tloco. ANOTHER. N we affixed to the particles. Another word, lehoko ye leii.wc; another person, motho eo moii. we ; anothe1 path, tsela e ii. we ; another name, or a different name, leina le sele ; another or a different path, tsela e sele. ANSWER, AN. Karabo; phetoli>. To answer a person calling or speaking, araba; to answer :t letter, hetola. ; to answer for oneself, ikarabela ; to answer b:tck when spoken to angrily, bnsbulosa; to refuse to answer a question, khutlogcla poc<;; to refuse to answer when called or spoken to, iba Ax1, AN. Choshwane. A white ant, troublesome in houses, motlhwa,pl. metlhwa; a white ant that eats gmss, lesetlhaoka, pl. ma; small red ant, sing. and pl., lorwe ; venomous black ant, ntlopane: common red and black ant, choshwane; flying ants, used only in the plural, dikokobele; swarm of small ants, moshweshwe ; larvae of white ant, nthlwa ; 28 young white ants, sing. and pl., bokuduba, a queen ant, sebolro, kgosi. ANT-BEAR, AN. Thakadu. ANT-EATER, AN. 'l'hakadu. ANT-HEAP, AN. Seolo. A small pipe in an ant-heap, lecolo; a large pipe in an ant-heap, motlhObiiliikii. ANTELOPE. See BucK. ANUS, AN. Scbono. The inner part of :tn anus, kutukwe. ANVIL, AN. Patolo. ANXIETY. 'J'Ja]e]i>; t]hodiegi>. Anxious, troubled thought, moetlo. ANXIOlls, 'fo nE. Tlhodiega; Tlalelwa. To be troubled in spirit, rekisega; to be anxious or desirous, tlhologelel wa ; I am anxious to see you, ke tl hologelecwe ke go gu bonB. This form is only used in cases where the thing or person desired has been seen beforP. To have anxious and troubled thought, go yewa ke moetlo ; to be auxious for or a bout, tlaledj wa. ANY. Nwe affixed to the. par ticles. Any person, motho moii.we; any time, in negative sentences, motlha ope; not at any time, motlha ope; ka motlha ope ; any more, or any longer, tlhi-.Ja, tlhole ; he was unable to lift his staff any longer, o la a retelelwa ke go tlh
PAGE 31

sepe; anything else, seiiwe se sele ; in negative sentences, sepe se sele; anything particu lar, or such and such a thiug, selebClebi!. ANYWHERE. Bokaekae; kwa bokaekae. APART. See ALoNE. APE. A baboon, chwene. APERTURE. See HOLE. APEX, AN. Ntlha. APOLOGIZE, TO. lkwatlhaea; kopa. boich warelii. APOPLECTIC. He has had an apo plectic stroke, o shule mohama. APOS'fLE, AN. }loapiistoloi (hybrid). APOTHECARY, AN. l\Iodihamere. APPAL, TO. Boihisa; bo'itsha; rera. APPAREL. Diaparii. To dress, apa.ra. APPAREN'f, It is ltpparent that, etc., goa bonala ha, etc. APPA!ll'l'ION, AN. Sedimo. APPKAL. To appeal or pray, rapela; to appeal to, ipiletsa ; an appeal or prayer, thapelii ; an appeal or request, tiipo. APPEAR, TO. Biinala ; To appear, or come into view, thunya, kwetoga ; to appear suddenly, photscga; to appear unexpectedly, dimologa; to appear among people no one knows how, iioii. waela; to appear above the surface or peep oat and disappear again, unya; to appear or peep, kukunya ; to appear to him, mo senogela ; to cause to bimatsha, bontsha ; to cause to or come into sight, kwetola. APPEJ.RANCE, AN. Ponalii. Simi larity in appearance, tebaii., tebagaiq of a number, lllll.le bagll.ii. APPEARING, AN. Piinatshego. APPEARS. It as though, go ntse APPEASE. To pacify, kokobetsa; 29 to silence, didimatsa; to make a noisy child silent, kgaodia. Al'PE1'11'E. Hunger, tlala; desire, keleco ; a depraved appetite, bonoit; to whet the appetite, ntaea rnathe. APPLAUD, ro. Baka; boka. APPLE, ADAM'S. Kodukoma; kgiigoya. APPLY. To give oneself to, inela; to apply again and again, boaboela. APPOIN'r, TO. Laola. To estab lish, tlhiimamisa. APPREHEND. 'l'operceive, lemoga; to seize, eh wara ; to binu, golega. APPRENTICE. An old colonial apprentice or slave, lekgoba. At'l'ltOACH, AN. Katamelii. 'l'o atam1ila ; to approach in numbers, ologela ; to ap proach in a direct line, to approach stealthily, or by stooping, ratela, kukuna; to approach and spread out, as an attacking force, akametsa ; to approach by creepinl!' or crawl. ing towards, gagabCia; to ap .proach, or be approaching from a distance, kwetega, kwetoga, ketoga. APPROPRIATE. To take, tsaea; to be appropriate or fitting, chwanela. APPROVE. To agree with, dumalana le ; to like, rata. APPROVED, 1'0 BE. Leboscga. An approved one, moleboscga. AIRIL, '!'HE OF. Kgwedi ea moranaii. APRON. Skin worn by women in front, khiba ; skin worn behind, moses ; strings hang ing in front, lokgabe, pl. ma. APT ro TEACH. Secwiriri mo go ruteii.. ARBITltATE, TO. Atlhola. Arbi trate in of, atlholela. ARBITRATOR, AN. Moatlhodi. ARCHED, TO BECOliE. Kokorala. It is arched, e kokoretse ; to be

PAGE 32

drawn up like an arch, gaba. lala. ARDENT, TO JIE, Tlhiiahala. ARDOUR. 'l'Jhiiahalii. AttE. Are vou ill ? a ua bobola? these tl1iugs are so, dilo tse di ntse yalo ; all hearts are evil, dipelo cot! he di boshula; they are not all, ga di cotlhe ; you are our friend, u tsala ea chona; those who are not with us, ba ba seeoi1 le rona ; those who are his servants, boua la e leii batlbanka ba ga.gwe; they are not his servants, ga se bona batlhanka ba ga.gwc ;'they are as if they thought, ba ntse yaka ba gopotse ; they are helped, baa thusiwa; those which are they, ba e leii biina, ; horns are made (usually) into spoons, dinaka di tle di dihwe dinchii ; they are no longer twain, ga e tlhole e le bobedi; they aro many, ba bantsi. ARGUE, TO. Busabusanya; tsaea kgaii. ARGUliENT, AN. Kgaii. There is an argument, go kgaii. ARISE, TO. Coga; tloga; nanoga ; manologa. To arise E'arly in the morning, cogela, phakela, tlhagega; I arose early to go there, ke le l ; to lift up the arm of another person, goletsa leciigii ; to raise the arm, as if about to strike, el
PAGE 33

arriving as parties at a pie<;, lemega. ARROGANCE. BoikgodishU. AllltOW,AN. Mocwi; mocu, Int. To prepare a poisoned arrow, boma; a notch or nick in an arrow, senya; small irt.n tip to a bushman's arrow, tliHtgare. ART. Doe wiriri. ARTERY, AN. Loijika, pZ. di. tshika. ARTFUL. Matsetselekwe. As. Y a.ktt. While, lm; as re gards, kaga ; as it were, ekete, ekote; as though, yaktt ekete ; as, or when, they went away, ba le ba re ba tsamae>L ; as, or when, he sowed, o rile a yala; as the days of N oah were, go etsa yaka metlha ea ga N oe e lee ntse. To. Tlhatloga. To climb, palama. AscENT. An _11Scent or place of ascent, botlhatlogo ; a steep ascent, mokoii; a sandy ascent or slope, lerotobolo. AscERTAIN. 'l'o ask, hots.!; to hear, utlwa; to ascertain the facts in reference to a doubtful or disputed matter, tlbotlho misa, botsisa. AsHAMED. 'fo be aijhamed, tlhayw>t ke ditlhoii ; to make ashamed, tlhabisa ditlhoii; to be confused with shame, sbo shobagaiiwa ke ditllwit; to be ashamed of, tlhaywa ke ditlhoii kaga. AsHES. Molora. Hot ashes, thura, kupa. AsiDE. 'fo go out of a path, bapoga ; to go away from others, ipeola; he went aside, a eo, tboko; he took them aside, a ba itsc1ila thoko. AsK. 'fo enquire, botsa.; to beg, kopa ; to ask o, person questions so as to try him, opotsa; to ask many questions, or cross-ex amine, botsa katloku ; to each other, botsanya; ask 31 :tbout, or enquire into, botsisa; be will be asked a bout the child, o tla bodi wa ii wan a ; he will ask about the child, o tla botsa kaga i1wana; I will ask about it, ke tla se botsa ; ask from him, mo liipa; ask a favour for oneself, itiipa; I ask to g'>, ke1t itiipa go ea; ask or enquire for the man, u botoc monona ; I will ask or enquire of them, ke t la ha botsisa; they asked euch other questions, b1t le ba botsisanya. Asr \N"l'. 'l'o be, or to lie aslant, phekama. AsLI>EP. He is asleep, 0 ro betse ; to discover :tsleep, kwaa. Ast'EltSE, TO. Pat.eletsa. Ass, AN. Esela (hybrid). An ass colt, eselana. AsHSSINAl'E, To. Bolaea; khicla; bitiela. Ass.u:LT, To. Tlhaijcla.. To storm, phomcgela ; to rush upon, phagcla; an assault, tlhasClo. To assemble people, phutha ; to assemble or be as sembled (of people), phutbcga; to assemble in large numbers, ],ok wann.. belethana, bolo lmua ; they assembled there, ba le ba kokwancla giina; they aijsembled to hear, ba le b11. phuthCgcla go utlwa; to be assembling, as a crowd, lemcga. AssEMBLY, AN. Phuthcgo. A political assembly, pico. AssENT, ro. DumCla. To aijsent by nodcliug the beau, goma ka tlhi'>go. AssEnr, 1'0. l{aea. AssiGN, ro GIVE. Naea. To place for, beela. Assrsr, TO. Ses HEr.P. AsstS'l'ANCE. Thusho. AssociA'rE. ro be friendly, tsalana ; to go together, tsa.maa.lana. AssoRT, To. Tlhaola; tlhupho..

PAGE 34

AssUAGE, To pacify, kokobetsa. Assu11E. To exalt oneself, ikgo disa. .AssuRE. To tell, boliHela; to cause to trust, ikantsba. AssUREDLY. Ka mmanete. To know assuredly, itsetsa rure. AsTONISH, TO. Gakgamatsa; kgakgamatsa. To be aston ished, gakgamala, kgakga mttla; it is astonishing, goa tseanya; ke se se gakgamatsaii.; to be astonished at, gakgamalela ; to be open mouthed with astonishment, atlhama. AsTOUND. terrify, rera; to astonish, gakgamatsa. AsTRAY, 'l'O Go. Timela. To lead astray, timetsa ; be has gone astray, o timetse, o ile sehoha. AsTRINGENT l!EDICINE FOR SORES. Molemii 0 0 phapba. latsaii. dinthii. AsUNDEIL. 'l'o cut ttsunder, ha tola; to part asunder, or be come split up, tsctscregana, tsatsamgana; to fall asunder, as a broken pitcher, salalagana; to pull asunder, phatlola ; to cause to part asunder, tsetscrc ganya, tsatsaraganya ; to part asunder, as water, kakabolol11; to become J?'Lrted asunder, ka kabologa; tt is split asunder, e kgaoganye ka legare. AT. Kwa; ha. At once, k11 goii.we ; at, or on my first answering, mo go ikarabeii. ga ntlha ga me ; at night, ka bosigo; at mid-day, ka mo tshegare; he arrived at the town, o la a goroga kwa mo tsiit. A'l'HIRST. See THIRSTY. ATMOSPHERE. Moea. Wind, phehii. ATONE, ro. Leha; ruana. To atone for, lehlila. ATONEMEN'l', AN. ; thuanyo. ATTACK, TO. Tlhasela; phomc 32 gela; phageiNa. To join in 11ttacking, ela moshwiyane; to :Lttack, or rush upon, gaegcla. A'f'f.UN. 11rrive at, bitlha mo ATTEMI''l', TO. Leka. An attempt, teko. An'END, '1'0. Tlhokomela; ela tlhoko. A'l'rENTION. Kelotlhoko. To pay attention to, tsaatsia ; at tention! tsa11ntsia! to call ttt tention to, or point out, shupetsa. Ari'ES'I', TO. Shupa. A'l"l'laE, TO. Apara. Clothes, diaparo. ATTRACT. To draw, giiga. AucTION. sell by auction, shwantisa (hybrid). AUDACIOUS, '1'0 BECOME. Kga. kgahala. He is audacious, o makgakga. .AunmtE, ro BE. Utlwala. AUG);R, AN. PhCtlbela. AUGUS'l', 'l'HE MONTH OF. Kgwedi ea phatwe. AUNT. A mother's elder sister, mmamogolo ; a mother's younger sister, mmaiiwana; a father's sister, rakgadi. AusTERE. An austere person, motho eo o semLii pelo, motho eo o senaii. mahoko. AUTHOR. A beginner, mosimo lodi; a pioneer, mothobolodi; a writer, mokwadi. AuTHOltll'Y. Taolii. To speak with authority, as the ruler of a feast, rlna ; to give him authority over, mo naea taolo mo. AuTVliN. Goetla. AVAIL. To be able, nonohir.. AVARICIOUS. Segagaru; segagapa. AVENGE, 'l'O. Busholosa. To judge and decide for, atlholcla; I will avenge this act, ke tla busholosa tibo e ; to avenge oneself upon or for, ipusholo setsa; to avenge, or judge for, sekela ; I will avenge this

PAGE 35

person, ke tla busholosetsa motho eo ; I was avenged by tuis person, ke le ka busholo scdiwa ke motho eo. AVENGER, AN. 1\lmusholosi, AVERSION, AN. Tlhiio. To re gard with aversion, tlhoa. An:RT. 'l'o avert the face as in shame, shoshobaganya seha tlhogo. Avom, ro. Tila. Avoid a mis sile by stooping or moving aside, ribela; to move out of the way, thiboga; to pass by at a distance, kgetla. A WAI'l'. To watch, leta ; to ex pect, lebClcla. AwAKE. To awake of oneself, tsitseboga, thanya; to awake and perhaps fall asleep again, kubnga. AwAKEN, TO. Kubula. To a rouse, cosa. AwARD, AN. Katlholo. To give an award, atlhola. AwARE. To know, itse; be aware of the people, lo itisc mo bathufi. AwE. 1'error, thcrcgii; fear poiho. AwFUL. 1'hn.t which is fearful, se se boitshcgafi. AWHILE. A time, lobaka; a little time, lobakanyana. AwKWARD. Boatla.. He is awkward, o matlhiigiilc. AwKwAitoNF.ss. Botlhogolc. AWL, AN. Tbokii. AxE, AN. Selcpli. A straight h>tndled axe, or chopper, sekgobii; a battleaxe, chaka. B BABBLE, ro. Balabala; ithathathu; blira; popotla. A babble, as when several a.re talking to gether, kcbe; there arose a greRt babble, ga coga kcbC klibli. BABBLER, A. lfmalabadi, BABBLING, A, Palabalo, 33 BABOON, A. Chwene. A small baboon, chweuyane; to talk as a baboon, kgalema. BABY. See INFANT. BACHELOR. An unmarried per son, kgiipe. BACK, A. 1\lotlhana. To keep back, see KEEP ; to set up the back, as a dog about to spring, kokoriiga; to lie on one's back, tlhanama; tlhanama ka mo tlhana, lcanama; to put a person to lie on his back, tlhanega; to carry on the back, kaba; to turn the back upon, hularcla; to walk with bended back, as through weakness or age, gogQrala; to bend the back in bowing down, iuama; a back to a form or seat, moikaego ; to lean back, as in sitting, ikaega. B.\CKBI'l'E, '1'0. Seba; oncla; scgetlha. BACKBlTEit, A. 1\-Iosebi. BACKBONE, A. 1\-Iokotla; mo kokotlo. A piece of the back bone with flesh on, molciitii; letlhotlhiilo ; bone at the ex tremity of a backbone, mokukutho; a. joint in 11. backbone, lelokololo ; a bone betwe.en the joints of a backbone, twlcwane. BACKWARDS. To go backwards, boNa kwa morago ; to jump backwards, as in avoiding some thing, tila; to step backwards, kata ka morago. B.m. Nasty, leshwe, mashwe, boshula; evil, boshula; it id bad, go mash we; to become very bad or incurable, as a sickness or sore supposed to have been caused by contact with a menstrual woman, gatcgu BADLY. To do a thing badly, kgometlm, tlamakClela, tlhatlhampa; he sews badly, oa roka digwara ; badly made garments, diaparo tse di ronaii. BADGER, A, Lenyedi. a

PAGE 36

R\G, A. Kgetsc. A small bag mtde of one skin, kuana, kuane ; a small ba.g or satchel, sal; bobolokclii. To g.tther into a barn, rorcla mo polo kelofi. BA!tUEL, A. Shwakc {hybrid) ; the barrel of a gun, lopo ea tlhiibiilii (hybrid). BARitEN, or BARRENNESS. Bo. opa. A barren man or woman, moopa, pl. baopa; a barren anima.l, moreba, pl. me; !L barren womb, sebopclii boopa; a barren cow, often with a hull, setetwa ; she was barten (of a woman), o la a le moopa ; to become barren or impotent, opahala ; he is im potent, o opahetse; to be bar-

PAGE 37

rcn (of cattle), iwpu., iiopana; to doctor a barren woman, bo hClcla. BAIUtiElt. A stoppage, sekhutlo. llASE. Dase things, dilo tse di nyatscgai1 ; rubbish, matlakala ; to be despised, nyatscga. DASHI'Ur.. Masisi. To be bash ful, sisimoga. DASIN, A. komeke (hybrid). A washing basin, setlhapclo. DAsK. 'l'o bask in the sun; se DASKET, A. Seroto. A small bttsket, serctwana; a fiat bNTS, Walls, ditha.ko; buildings, dikagO. DAwL, To. G"otla. D.n, A. Nonti. A bay horse, pitse e klmnou. BE, 1'0. Nna. It shall be, go tla nua; be ye not, lo se nne ; he who cnn he fooli bear with or endure, ichul;a; to bear or carry on the bu.ck, kaba; to beltr up Ol' carry on outstretched hands, lcgcle!.t; to bcttr patiently with, iplm paanytL le ; to bear each other's burdeus, chodisanya mekgwnlcO; to bear fruit, uma, ui1wa; to bear, or bring forth, see Dltii'iG l'Oitl'H; she will be:tr child to this man, o tlu. tsala le monona eo iiwana; she will bear thee a child, o tla gu tsalellt invana. llEAHD. A man's bcnrd, tedu; a gOttt's beard, seledu; he is heu.rded, 0 ditedu ; to cut or trim one's beard, ipeola. BEARER, A. .Mmelegi, pl. babe legi ; murwadi, pl. bar wadi. BEAST. A wild auimal having hoofs, pholohiilo ; a wild ani m:tl having paws, and generally ra\enons, sebatano.. 'l'o beat Or punish when standing, betsa ; to beat or punish when lying dowu, kgwathisa; to be beutcn standing

PAGE 38

up, bedivra; to be beaten, or become beaten, lying down, kg1vatha ; to beat severely, seola ; to beat very severely, totoula, seolaka; to beat hard with one s.troke, lmnyn, riboln.; to beat w1th a gentle knock, khwanya, rwanya; to beat., or shtp, with the hnud, bata, baila; to beat a drum, letsn moropa; to beat on the head with a stick, etc., gatln, rutha; to beat to pieces, or splinters, lokotla ; to beat very severely, with a stick, or OpE:n hand, papatsha ; to bent much or hard, with a downward mo,c ment, tlu.tsea; to beat off or shake off, tlhotlbora; to beat out dust with stick or hand, phua; to beat or thresh, photha ; to beat, as a heart, or an infhtmed wound, i>paopa ; to beat slightly, popoot; to beat out iron, as a smith, thnla; to beat out so as to sharpen, as a spettr, etc., batoltt; to heat tt tree or bush, so as to remove thorns or leaves, goba; to beat with u. stick, set.la ; to beat, or knock about with the fists, uba., tebcla; to beat or knock about much with the fists, ubula, tebelaka; to bent offn. calf when milking, kiitcln.; to beat tl1e ground with tail, as a bewitched ox, tubot ; to beat back, as a rock water, l. BED. A mattrcs, or skin for sleeping on, phut.C, sealO ; a sleeping place, bolao; to go to bed, robala.; nursery or seed bed, lekedi. BEDAUil, '!"0. Tladilm. BEDINGE. See lNDEl\"T. BEDCLOTHES. Kobo, pl. dikoho. BimROOli, A. Ntlo Pa borobalc. BEDSTEAD. An iron bedstettd, sealo stt ditshipi ; a. wooden bedstPad, seal<> m dikgofi ; dikgoii tse di ulwait. BEE, A. Ntsi ea dinose; ntoi ea diuotshc. A mason-bee, nt.i ea pudumo; bees, dinose; a swarm of bees, motshitshi oa dinotshe; cement used by bees, sekano ; a bees' nest in the ground, mosima ; a bees' nest in a reek, lngaga; beeswax, masite.

PAGE 39

BEEF. Nama. ea kgomo. BEEFS"rEAK, A. Legopelii. BEER. Boyahva, pl. mayalwa. Kind of weak beer, letiit; honey beer, kgadi; fermented beer before cooking, tlhamu. ; beer before it is ptoperly cooked, serobo ; to make much be('r, mthola; a large vessel for cooked beer, tsaga ; a small vessel for cooked beer, moeta; a ln.rge beer cup, phaha; a small beer cup, .pbahana. 37 BEESl' or BEES'l'INGS. Kgatsclc. llEETLE, A. Khukhwane. A large sea venger beetle, khukhu; a small scavenger beetle, khukhwnne; a large coloured beetle, kgaladua; a large black beetle with yellow marks, se ; a large fat beetle with lu'Jrny neck, setotoyane; small corn. eating beetle, photonono; small fiat beetle, eating fruit and green corn, mogolagaii ; a night screech beetle, sekiikwalala ; a nasty smelling beetle, podile; a string of beetles worn on the neck of a chilrl whose brothers and sistets have died, dikgiimana. BEFALL, 1'0, Dihala. BEFIT, TO. Chwancla. BEFI'I'1'ING. The frock is not befit. ting to her, moses oa mo rona. BEFORE. Pele; ha pele ga; e se. Before we eat, re e se re ye ; before the house, ha pele ga ntlo ; to be before another in doing or saying, raka; be fore, or a little way in front, ha pelenyana; before the time, e se e ne motlhn.. BEFOitEHAND. Go sale gale. BEG. 'l'o beg from or of, kopa, liipa; to pray, mpela; to beg earnestly, kiikiitlNa, to beg from one another, legalega; to beg humbly or piteously, tlhounama; to beg of or from humbly or piteously, tlhounamela; we beg from God, rea liipa Modimo ; he came to beg a child from me, o la a tla go ntopa iiwana ; he begged from them, o ht a b. Go kgaola tlhogi>. '!'hey beheaded him, ba le ba mo kgaolo. tlhiigu. REHIND. MoragO ; kwa. morn.gi',. Far behind, moragiiragii ; to go behind, dika ;. piita kwa morn.gii ; behind the house, morn.g<) ga ntlo ; kwa morag<> g nait they were beholding afar off, ba lebile b11 le kgak
PAGE 40

BELIEF. TumClo. BELIEVE, '1'0, Dumela. To be lieve in everything ono heare, elmekuga. Bro:r.mvEit. Modumedi. A beliecr in cve.-ybody, maherego. A. 'l'shipi. 'l'o ring :1 bell, letsa tshipi ; to sound, as a bell, lcla. BEr.r,ADONNA PLANT, rnE. Mol'Ol:L. Fl'llit of a belladonna plant, thola, pi. dithola. Afull,orlargebellicd person, socompn. Br:r.r.ow. 'l'o bellow a nn ox, lela; to bellow as a bull, boptt; to bellow much, n.s a cow leav ing her calf, bclcbctlcga; to bellow or scream, as n. dying animal, bokoleln ; to bellow, or scream, over the olfal of a t; to blow the bellows, mmubn,. Dnr.r. below the navel, mpt ; between navel and breast bone, lobala; in the belly, mo mpeii ; to ba1e pain in the belly, gadikega; pain in tbe belly, kgadikago. B RT.O:SGS. '!'his lmife belongs to me, thipa e ke ea me ; that which belongs to me, se e leit same. To BE. Ratcga. He who is beloved, eo o rategaii; my beloved, moratwi oa me ; mora.twn. on. me. DEr.ow. Kwatlhatshe; tlhatsbe ga. Dro:r.T, A. moitlesi. The belt which supports the tshega, monape. Br:LTF.D. As an ox, tshega; as a cow, tshegana. BELl'ONG, STitiPS OF. Digwapa; ruekgoii. BENCH. A seat, setulo. BEND. To bend over, or down, actively, oba.; to bend the head 38 low, as an untrained ox in t.he yoke, ti"ma, tonaka ; to bend or force back, as a book cover, pena; to bend the legs out lightly at the knees, kuba maiiole ; to bend the lmePs slightly, as in holding a shield, kubcgt mai1iile; to be b<>nt out, or curved much, as legs, tlathm1la; to be bent, or crooked, kgopama.; to cause to bend, or curve, or make crooked, kgopamisa.; to bend, or pl'ess in, as a soft hat, kuba ; to be bent, or bowed down, as growing grn.in, konn.Inn. ; to become bent, as a man with chest thrown forward and head thrown btLck, or as a polo bent forward in the middle and backward at the top, menyama ; to be bent over or down, okega; to be bent back, pencga; to become bent or bowed down, lmtagana; to bend, or bow down, lmtaganya; I am bent by sickness, ke hut.Lgancwe ke pobolo ; to be come bent, or doubled up, as fingers from sickness, kgiiro pana ; bent, as a sickle, kgiigoropii ; a bend or curve in a pole, semene ; a bend or turn in the rocks of a kloof, scgorii ; a rPcess at the bend of a river or hill, iionti ; land at the bend of a river, seodi. BENEATH. See BELOW. BENEFI1', TO. Thusa. A benefit, thushii; to receive mutual bene fit, amogana. BENUllliED. Setlashu BEREAVE. To deprive of, tlhakola; to rob, tbulrhutba. BEREFT, or stripped bare. Loho rotlo. BERRY. Of rnoretlhwa bush, tlhetlhwa; of rnotlhaye bush, motlhaye; of seringa tree, mo rolana; of hakdoorn, sekgalo ; of morola, thola; sun-dried ditlbetlhwa berries, chwabi;

PAGE 41

ditlhetlhwa berry or berries dry on bush, lomama ; a pre sent of berries, mokome; stone or pip of a berry, thaapo. BESEECH. To pray, 1-apcla; to importune, kokotlcla. BESE"r. To cleave to, ii.aparCla. BESIDE. To be beside oneself, or mad, tsi'm wa. BESIDES. More than, bogolo go ; outside of, kwa ntle ga. BESIEGE. 'l'o invest or surround, nnela seduledi ; they besieged the town' ba le ba nncla motsc seduledi. RESOlr, A. Lohclo. BESPF:AK. To bespeak a thing, anu it put 011 one side, 39 llES'l'. 'l.'hnt which is best, se se molemo bogolo ; se se ntlu bogolo. BEsTow. To give, naea; to divide for, BET, A. To bet, bCclana; I will bet with thi man, ke tla b:!Claua le monmlit eo. BETRAY, -ro. Oka. To betr11y each other, okamt. BEraAYAr., A. Koko; mooko. BE'l'ltAYEII, A. Mooki. BE'l'IW1'H, TO. Bcclcla. To boor become betrothed, bcclclwa ; she is betrothed to J oeph by the parents, o beelccwe Yosefe; she is betrothcu by Joseph, o beelecwe ke Yosefe. BF."fltO'l'HAL. An ox killed by boy's frienus at betrothal, mokwele ; food provided by girl's friends, serwala. To excel, sita; to re cover from sickness, b.:ila ; better than, molemo bogolo go; he is better, :ts after sickness, mt hula; o bonye lobaka; o botolm; it would have been better for this person, go ka bo go le molemo mo mothuii eo ; a better hope, cholohlilo c e gaisaii ; the sickness is better, or has diminished, pobo!O e kokotsegile. llE'l'WEEN. Gare ga. A go be tween, motsirigauyi. BEWAitE. 'l'o look to oneself, iteba ; to take care of oneself, itisa ; to beware of people, or look out and avoid them, tlhaleha batho ; beware ye of the scribes, lo ne tlhagtt mo bakwauiii l to beware of, or be ou one's guard against, itisa mo. BEWILDERED, "1'0 BE. AlmbahL. BEWILDERliEN1', A. Ka.lmbal<->. llEwrrcn, 'l'o. Loa, blipha. ro have power to bewitch, ns an animal that beats the gl"Ound with its tail when lying down, tuba, tiba; to have power to bewitch, as ttn ox that bellows much without cause, or drinks its own urine, tlholn.. BEWITCHED, '1'0 BE. Loesega. He is bewitched, o loesegile ; ba mo yesitse mokaikai ; ht mo loile ; a bewitched person, mokaikai ; lt bewitched or be witching tnimal, setlhodi. BEWI"rCIIER, A. Moloi ; sehepllc. 'BEWITCHING. The bewitching power of an anim:tl, etc., botubi, botlhodi. BEWRAY, '1'0, Senol11. BEYOND. 'l.'he other side, moseya, boseya; beyond, or on the other side of Jordan, moseyn. oa Yoredan ; moseya g:t Y oredan ; boseya yoa Y oredan ; to go beyond, or jump over, tlola; those who are beyond them, ba ba ba potileii ka kwn. ; in going beyond this, mo go hetisai1 mo. BIBBER. A winebibber, momvi oa boyn.lwn.. Bm. 'l'o command, laoh; to call to, biletsa; to call, hitsa; those who are bidden, ba bot bidicweii; those who were bid den to it, ba ba o bololecweii. BIE!t, A. Secholo; sehata. BIG, 'l'onnn.. lt is so big (size

PAGE 42

being shown), ae kano.; he is a bout as big as he is, o kana ke eno.. BIGAMIST. He is a bigamist, 0 nyetse lehnba ; she is a biga mist, o uyecwe lehuha. BIGGER. He is bigger than I am, o touna bogolo go una. BrLE. Gaumakwe. BIN. A grain bin made of clay, sehah ; a large wicker basket with small mouth, sesigo. BrND, To. Boha ; golega. To bind about many times, hapaka; tanta; to bind up, o'r repair. mamatlelela ; to bind or wrap round, hapa ; to bind to, gole11a mo; to bind, or wrap oneself round, iphapa ; to bind roun!f the bottom of a roof, or the top of a lolwapa, balela; to bind oneself round, or gird oneself round, or gird oneself, ikwakwaela ; ikokwa.1lla. BmD, A. Nonyane. 'l'he various birds must be sought under their different names, as dove, hawk, etc. A young bird, or nestling, lempho, lemphor wana, lenchorwana ; to run mund a bird in order to detain and kill it, cua ; nest of a bird, setlbaga; egg of a bird, lee, pl. mae. BIRDLIME. Bolecwa. BIRDS. To drive up birds in a cloud, kuulola; to rise up in a cloud, as a drove of birds, kuuloga. BIRTH, A. Botsalo. To give birth (of a woman), belcga; to a:ive birth in a stooping posture, khubama; elega ; to give birth (of an animal), tsala; the cow will give birth, kgomo e tla tlhologeliilwa; the cow has given birth, kgomo e tlholo gelecwe ; to give birth to a first-born child, itibola ; to lri ve birth to a very small calf, fiomotsa ; to be conscious of approaching birth, ikutlwa; to 40 show signs of being about to give birth (of animals), dusa, si gama ; to help a woman at time of birth, elegisa; a helper at time of birth, moelegisi; to give birth every year (of animals), tsala moelcla; to give birth every other year, or less fre. quently, tsala ka motshCl
PAGE 43

thing, se se galakati ; bitter herbs, merogo e e bogala.l;a, BITTERLY. Ka bogalaka. BITTERNESS, Bogala.ka. Br.ACK. Ncho, affixed to the particles. Black stones, maye mancho ; a black horse, pit.se e ncho; a black person, moncho, mohihadu; to become black, nchohala; to make black, nchohatsa; black (of cattle), phihadu, ncho, fem. chwana ; black (of a sheep), pirwa, fern. pirwana; black (of things), bobihadu. BLACKNESS. Boncho; bohibadu, BLACKSl!ITH, A. Mothudi. BLADDER, A. Setlba. BLADE. A hanging blade of corn, mogwaii; a bladebone, legetla. BLAl!ADLE, 1'0 DE. As a neglect ful parent, kctega. BLAME, A. Molato. To blame, or give blame, pcga molato; naea molato; they will blame him, ba tla mo pcga molato, ha tla mo necla molato ; to blame each other, neelaua molato; to blame wrongfully, sikclela ; be has no blame, ga a na molato, o se na molato. BLANCH, '1'0. Sheuhatsa. BLANKE'r, A. Kobo; kombers (hybrid). A smooth cotton blanket, lepai. BLASPHEliE, TO. Kgala. BLASPHEMER, A. Mokgadi. BLASPHEl!Y, Kgalo. BLASTED. 'fo become blasted, as corn in the sun, chubega. Br.AZE. See FLHIE. TO. Sheuhatsa. Br.EAR. 'l'o become bleared, or smudged, as eyes and face from much crying, kgamatha, kganatha. BLEA'I', A. Telo; selclo. To bleat as a sheep, le la; to bleat as a goat, gwCtla. Br.EED. 'l'o bleed by lancing, scga : to bleed by cupping, see CuP; to cause to bleed 41 freely, by cutting open, ikara ; to or ooze out, from an unseen wound, kga; to bleed >tt the nose, dutla moluila; to bleed from the pores, tshit lhn. FROM MOUTH Olt 'l'riilOA'l', iii>pe; blPeding from the uosP, mokula. BLEMISH. A scar, lobadi; a deformity, bogule; a speck, selubc ; a fault, molato ; a wealmess, bokua. BLESUUCK, A. A solitary male blesbuck, sephile ; a troop of blesbucks, mosetlha oa, clinune. BLESS, TO, Tlotla, tshegohatsa, tshcgahatsa, tshegehatsa. He is blessed, o tshegu, o segu, o tlhogonolo, o o letlMggonoluhala ; to become blessed, or praised, bakega. BLESSING, A. Letshegu, letlhOgunolO, tshc!:(ahaco. Let it be a blessing a se tlc ka pula! BLIXD. To become blind, lwu hala, hohuhala; I am blinil, ke houhetse, ke hohuhetse, matlM a me a kalegile ; to make blind, houhatsa, hohuha tsa. ; a ,blind person, sehohu; to walk as a blind person, paputla ; a person blind of one eye, moitlhii; to feel, or grope, as a blind man, apatla ; a blind, or cover, sebipii. BLINDFOLD, TO. Bipa matlhO. BLINDNESS. Bobohu. 'l'o re cover from blindness, houhologn; l10huologa. BLINK, TO. Bonya. Br.JS'I'Ell, A. Lesbophi. To blis ter, or gall, as a rope the hand, chuba; to raise a blister, plwisn. BLIS1'ERF.D. To become, phoa; to cause to become blistered, phoisa. To become swelled

PAGE 44

; to become swellecl, of a. dead body, seka.ntsa. Br.ocK. A block of wood, mle; long pieces of blood in sevme hromorrhage, matlhiile; to luwe an issue of blood from the womb, to ooze out ns blood, kga, tshitlhtt; to !low out in a jet, as blood, sisn.; to flow freely, as blood, thoboga ; to swell through con gestion of blood, gamakeln.. BLomr. 'l'he tree is in bloom, set! hare se thuntse; the tree is in full bloom, setlhare se thuntse thata, setlhare se tlhakaladitse. BLOSSOl!, A. Sethunya. To blos. som, thunya. BLOT. PitiClii. A spot, selabe; to blot out, phimola; to dry up by blotting paper, omisa. BLow. 'l'o blow, as wind, hoka; to blow ots a strong wind, rutha; to blow a fire, bucwCia; to blow a nose, mimL; to blow anything out of the mouth, kgwa. ; to blow, or blow off, or blow away, with the mouth, budula; to blow off to, ot' into, with the mouth, budulela ; to blow against, as a contrary wind, tlbabagnnya le ; to blow upon, as the wind a person, 42 kgatsimola; to become blown about in the wind, a.s a loose sail, rurubala; it is blowna.bout by the wind, e rurubadicwe ke phehii; a heavy stroke or blow, sentco ; to parry a blow, hema; to blow a bellows, u bela. BLUE, or BLUENESS. Bobududu, with nouns in me, mebududu. Blue clothes, dikgai tse di pu dudu; a blue sky, legodimo le le bududu; light blue, of an ox, kwebu, fern. kocwana. BLUN'l'. Boboi. 'l'o become blunt, dilahala; to be blunt, as a. spear's point, kuba; the knife is blunt, thipa e boboi; thipa e dilahetse. BLUNTNESS, as a knife, or as teeth, throngh eating sour things, bodila. BLUSH, ro. Thunya. BoACONSTRICTOit, A. Tlhware. BoARD, A. Lomati. A small board, lomatsnna. Bo.\S'l', TO. Belahala.; tumisa. 'fo boast of or about, helahah kaga; to boast in, belahala ka; to boast or glory over another, k
PAGE 45

BoiL, A. Sesho. A very large hoil, lo botsare ; to boil, be la ; to bubble up with noise when boiling, lrgakgatha; to bubble up when boiling, bilogu,; to rise up and run over when boiling, hohoma; to sw''Y from side to side when boiling, herelCla; boiled cor11 and beans, mixed, dikgiibe ; boiled corn alone, dikgobe tsa lohnta; boiled mealies alone, dikg ye legolo ya serope, leshuhn ; lower bone in the leg of nu animal, momo ; bone above the momii in animal's front leg, lohare; bone above the momii in animal's hind leg, moiiobutsa; bone of the neck, kidilddi; small bone between the eyes, lobolCia, lobelcla; a 43 lohare bone when used as a. trumpet, phare; outer layer of the head of a lohare bone, kgola; edible part of ox bone, leshetlha ; edible purt of bone, loraga; to pick a bone, kukona; to suck marrow out of a bone, mokona ; to break or smash a bone, as in tiring, ko mola. BooK, A. Lokwalo, pl. dikwulii ; to open a book, t11\ka; to shut a book, phutha; to turn over the leaves of a book, menolola. Boolr. 'l'o boom as a distant gun or tlnmder, tiba. BooN. A gift, nM ; a goou thing, seiiwe sa molemi>. Boor. See SHoE. Boo"L'H, A. Loiibi>; seiibo. A hut made in a garden, mogope; :1 square hut in a garden, leobo, Int. BoRDER. A boundary, mole! wane : w bite edge on n kaross, peeledi; border of a garden, marincpc, siny. and pl. ; all the boruers, or parts round about, tikologo cotlhc. BoRE. 1'o bore with a natin tool, hi\tlha; to bore with an augur, phunya; to b01e wit.h 11 needle for sewing, tlhaba; to bore with a needle, ete., so as to put 1t thong through, shu kula. BoRN. To be born, of chiluren, or young animals, tsalwa; I was born at Tauii, ke le ka tsalClwa lnmTauii, ketsalecwe kwa Tauii ; they were born there, b.t tsalecwe l!i'>na; he was born in this house, o tsnlecwe mo tlui1 e; who wn.s born of her, eo o ke Onn.; a first born child, iiwann oa moitibolo, iiWana oa boiti bolii; a first born calf, namane ea maitibolii; to give birth to 1t tirstborn, itibola; who is her tirstborn, eo 0 itibolaii kit cua.

PAGE 46

DORNI!I. She has home a. child to this man, o tsetse iiwana le monona eo. Bmmow, 'J'O, Adima. I bor rowed a horse from the other one, ke le ka adima eo moiiwe pitso; those who have bo rowed mealies from us, ba bu a coopedi. BOTHER, TO. Tlhodia. To dis tract, akgaakga ; to bother by asking many questions, or making many requests, thama thamisa; to bother oneself about, potlaka. BoTHERED, .,.o nE. Tlhodiega; akg-.takgcga. 'fo be bothered by, nkgaakgwa ke. BoTTLE, A. Botele (hybrid). A leather water-bottle, mohalii. Bo1'0l!. 'l'he bottom of a beker, pot, etc., marago; the bottom, or standing place, in water, boemii ; the bottom of a deep pool, letlhatshe ; the bottom of a hill. to one standing on the top of it, botlhatshe. BoT'l'OliLEss. Bosugatweii. A bottomless pit, molete o o senait bogato ; molote o o senait bolekanyeco. DouGH, A. See BRANCH. BoUND. 'l'o jump, tlola; it is bound, e golegilwe ; it is bound to a tree, o golegilwe mo se tlhariii. 44 BouNDLESS. Sedika.diki ; sedi. kwadikwi. BOUNTIFULLY. Go le gogolo; ka botlalii. Bow, A. Bora, pl. mara ; ]p. kamphane, Int. 'l'o bend a bow, and tix the string, la(>la; to bend a bow by pulling the string, gol.ara; to shoot with a bow, hula; a bow on a wag. gon tent to g;ive shade, loriba; a piece of wood bent like a bow, lokoro ; to become bent, like a bow, korolaht; to bend something into a bow shape, korolatsa; it is bent likea bow, e lwroletsc. now DOWN I TO. Oba ; iibama; ikhnbega. To bow down to, obamcla; to bow down the head, iiba tlhiigii; kiinatlhiigo; incga tlh ; moiibti'>; the lower bowel, te lele; that :part of the bowel which descends in dysentery, kotukwe; contents of an animal's bowels, bote ; to press out the contents of the bowel of a slaughtered animal, gama; a piece of a lower bowel prepared for a head man, rniiliibii; to cut off the miiliibo, liiba; tl1e end of a bowel, eaten by a servant, lecorwane. BowL TO. Kokolosa; isa. A large wooden bowl,mogopo; a small wooden bowl, mogocana..

PAGE 47

Box., A. Letlole. A small box, letluyana.; lid of a box, se cwa.lo, sekhururnCl<->; in a box, mo letlodiii ; tJ shut n. box, cwa.la ; to box, or strike with the fists, iiat.t k>L macwele, kgotla ka ma.cwele. BoY, A. 1\Iosimaue, mosima nyana. A kid herd-boy, le pempetlhwane; u: goat herd boy, lekuchwana, lekuru ; a boy. growing up to youth, lekolwane, lekolwanyane. 'fo brace, or gird one self up, ikokwacla, ikwakwaC!a BRACELET. See RING. BRACK SOH,. Lobu. A place in brack soil where animals lick, lobu, pl. dimpu. BRAIDED. A string of braided hair, loctsc. BRAINS. BobLi. BttAN. :Mase. Husks frum t:;ieving, mu.tsbCtshCthO. Btt,tNcH, A. Kaht. A little bmnch, kalany>LUa; a bmnch, or sprout, leewcla; a branch with smaller bmnche projecting from it, letlhare ; to branch otr, as veins, meram ; to branch out, ag a cornstalk, iphara; a branch of a family, ; branches sticking out in all directions, ditlhatlhampa, matlhatlharapa. No sinynlar. BluNn, A. See MARK. A burn. iug br .. nd, lobiinc. llrtANinsn, '1'0. Kgatikama. BRANDY. Boyalwa, brandevine, (hybrid). BuAss. Kgutlbu. 'fo work orna mental work in brass, goma. BllAVE. lie is brave, o semttla, o pelokgale; to become brave, gankahala; a brave man, se ganka. BnAVEltY. Bopelokgalo, boganka, bonatla, botlhokapoihii. BaA WL, 'l'O, Lwa. Of two per aona, lwana. 45 BRAWLER, A. Molwi; bo1umolaii. BRAY. 1'o bray in a mortar, tlhobola; to bray skins, shug.t; to bray by rubbing between l>antl, or tramping with feet, kgopha; to hray, as an >tss, le la. BRAYING, A. Of skins, chugu; a braying when completed, ; !L staff for braying, titcclii; to rub in braying. See !tun. BREACH. A breach in friendship, khamologii; a breach in a wall, kgiiru. Bll),!AD. BogiibC ; senkgwc; boroto (hy bl'id). 'fo rise, as bread, gogomo!(a. BrtEAD'l'H. Boatlhamu. BREAK. 'fo bre>tk n. stick, riiba, rubaganya; to break a pot, etc., thuba, tbubagauya; to brettk a rhiem, etc., kg-.tola; to break, or smLp, a stick or branch, itota, nOta., iujtCICla; hre>tk in pieces, or pound, thug>L; break out in an erup tion or sh watoga, kgwa;._. thogu, tutumolog>t, roko mologa; to break out, or through, thubtt, hntllm ; break u. bone, as in shooting an u.nimal, komola; brettk to pieces, lokotla ; break a ],. w, tlola; break into a house, phunyt; break in uron, plmragatl>tna., thobeselel>t; break lLW>ty from, tr, as clouds, or darkness, anoga, tlhu.sa; bre:tk up, or sep>trate, >ts >L meeting, lmlaht; break up into pa.rties or bLeak iu, or train, as aninutls, katisa; break with a mol>tmu, Pte., r1tnyu.; break off, aR a pumpkin, bunch of fruit, etr., kgomolu.; break off a branch tLt a joint or stem, phalolu.;

PAGE 48

brea.k off n.t a joint, as meat, lokolola ; break off a twig from a stump, or out of the ground, kgetla; break off, leaving a part remaining in, of a root or thorn, kgonosetsa; of a cork, robesetsa; break, or snap a tightly draw11 rhiem, t.hu.poht; break, or become brokcnj, as a tightly drawn rhiem, thapoga; break off a bit, as bread, etc., iiatha ; break up into bits, kumaganyu, iia.thag>tnya., iiathoganya; break in pieces, as a pot, etc., tlctl/!.raganya; to break in pieces, or become broken in pieces, as a. pot, etc., brea.k up, or tear up, o.s a piece of flimsy paper, kumn. ; bre>tk off, or fly ott in small pieces, as a hard thing beaten with a hammer, haharCga, hohorCga; break, or become broken, as a pole, leg, etc., butlcga, sipoga, robcga. kgomCga, shuakana; break off a. piece, as a mn.son a stone, lmbola; break in, as through a hedge, break through when surrounded, a.ud escape, halola, cbemoga; break with a hammer, thuba ka nOtU; break against, at-J w>tter agn.inst a rock, kgaphascla; break down, rntlolola. llREAKFASI', A. Sehitlholo. To have breakfast, hitlholn. llREAS'l'. An a.nimal's bre>tst, aud a person's chest, sehubu. ; a woman's breast, let.clc, pl. mabClc ; a. breast ilestitute of flesh, as that of an ostrich, Rekgarabn.; to make a cle>Ln breast of it, icwa, pe1j. icnle, auu itule; to strike oneself on the breast, ititaca sehuba ; breasts, mahatlha, Jnt. llREASTJ'L,\'l't.:, A. Seiphemclu sehubeii. llimA'l'H. Moca.. A deep-drawn breath throngh t.he nose, mo shnmo ; to w a deep brcat!J, 46 tshe,.etsa. mciea hegClwa to be ';,ut of or gehClwa, hegClwa, hCgclw>t; to be out of breath, or tired, kgathala ; to take breath, sehemola, sehumola, kgwala lachwcga, hupologa; to re cover breath, hupologa ; to blow out breat.h, budula; Le took breath, as a person after running hard," kqwa sec be; he is out of breath through racing, o hupedicwe ka. go simm. BREATHE, 'I'O. Ntsha moea. To breathe through the nose, shuma; to breathe lmrd, or pant, hcgelwa, ubm:a .. BRF.ATHING 'l'Un:, A. 'fsehumulo. ro give a breathing time, hupolola. BREECHLOADixo Gnx. Tlhobolo e" gaterelae (hybrid). BREED. 'l'o bring forth,. of >tnimals, tsala; to increas<:>, ata. llREEZE, A. Phehi'J. BitE'l'HJI.EN. My brethren, or bl'Others, baua ba rra echo ; their brethren, bana ba rrabci, bana ha g>t rmbci ; two brethren of one father, bannaba.lcbabedi <:> le bana ha manna a le moinve he la ; brPthren or social equals, b>tkaulei1w<:>. BmnE, A. 'l'uClu. To bribe judge, ducltt tshcko. BittcK, A. Lekote ; setenc (hybrid). To spread bricks out to dry, n.ncga. llmcK BA 'I', A. Phatsa. BRIDE, A. Monyadwi; monya lwa. RRIDEGROOM. Monyadi; motsei. BitiDGE, A. Burogci (hybrid). 'l'he briilge of a nose, mmopo; to bridge, or juin together by bridging over, lomagany>t. A. Dikgolo tm tom (hybrid). llridle of a pa.ck ox, kao ; to briule, or 1estraiu, kguncla.. lliUEFLY. Ka. bokhutshanc; ka bokhuchwo.ne.

PAGE 49

B!t!GH'r, TO nE. Phatshima; phatsima. To be slightly bright, rcdimoga. BRIGHTNESS. l'batshimu; pha tsimii. A slight brightness, thedimogu ; brightness, or radiance of the rising or setting sun, moraii. BmAI. A brim of a cup, etc., losi, lotshitshi. BimiSTONE. Sulefura (hybrid). BRING, TO. J.ere; kctola; kwetola; tlisa. Bring it here, e !ere kwano, e kweto!Cic kwano; to bring for, or to, leretsc ; to bring for, or upon oneself, iteretse ; bring back, or cause to return, busa, bosa; to bring out, ntsha; to bring up a child, godisa ; to bring forth, see BIRTH; it will bring out a sore on you, se tla gu ntsha nthii ; to bring oneself, itere; to bring, or cause to go, isn.; bring home, or cause to arrive, a c:1ttle, goros:1; to bring together, or collect, kgobolcanya. BRINK. The brink of a river, losi, lotsitsi. BRISKET. The brisket of an ox, bokwcn:t. BmsTLE, A. Seditse. BRI1'1'LE. Lokhehli. Sing. andpl. BROAD. See WIDE. BROIL, '!'O. Besa. BROKEN. See BttEAK. 'l'o be broken, as a reed, phitsega; to become broken in, as an ox, kata; to be broken, us a rope, kga.oga; an eruption has broken out on me, ke dulwe ke dintho. BRoon, A. Losika. ro sit on eggs, elam:t; to brood over, yewa ke moetlo. BRooK, A. Molacwana; mola camt, tacwana, tacana. BttooM, A. Lohelu. A bush resembling the broom plant, monnu.mocwe. BttoTH. Mori>. BROTHEr.. l\Iy elder brother, nkgononc ; nkgolole. Thy elder brother, mogolou; his-mogo !owe i my younger brother, nnnkc ; thy-moumtu ; his monnawC; a woman's brother, kgantsadi; Simon's younger brother, monna Simon; their younger brother, monn:t oa b; tn brush, or sweep, heclo. ; to brush up, or take up rubbish, gopa; to brush off, as dust from a person, hohora; to bruoh, or sh>tke anything oft' oneself, itlhotlhora, ipopotha; ikudubatsn .. BullHLE, A. Lctshetshe. To bub ble up, as a opring, biloga; to bubble up with a noise, as boil. ing wate1, kgnkg>ttha.

PAGE 50

Buno, A, Lobotsare. BucK. A goat, podi; a spring buck, tshCphc; a bush buck, photi; a stem buck, phudu hudu ; a reed buck, mocostt; >t hillbuck, bluish, with white tttil, lehele, pl. diphele. 'l'o buckle, as tt stmp, kiipcla. Duo, TO, Kukunya; thunyu.. A bud, serokolo. BuiFALO. Nate, A young buffalo, natshana; a bull buffu.lo which lies down to awnit and attack the hunter, tttlclalorole BunE-r, To. Tlhanyaka; nt11ea. BuG, A. Bileis (hybrid) ; some times called tsitsiri. BUGLE. A post-bugle, phala ea piis (hybrid). Buu,n, TO. Aga. To build oneself up, ikagot. BuiLDElt, A. 1\I'>agi. BUILDING, A. Kagii; loagii. Bun,DING-Pf,ACF.. A. Boagii. BULB. A small edible bulb, nakal.tdi, eh use, kgatla.na, kgogo ; a lu.rge watery bulb, lerishii, lerishwu.; large bulb composed of layers, leshiima; half of an edible bulb split in up, the flower of a bulb, phnhi. BuLGF.. To bulge out, tot.oma; a bulging out bag, etc, scshob11. BULK. Botonna. BULKY. Large, tonna; stout, matlaba; bnh!'ing out, seshob11. BULL, A. Piio ; kgiitlokii. A young bull, piiana; to bellow as a bull, bopa ; flesh on neck of a bull, titamere. BuLLET, A. Lerumii. BuUF.l' A. Tshelii ; thCiii. Bt;LLOCK, A. Kgomo. A young bullock, kgoii wn.na .. BULTONG. Motlhokoloco, pl. me. BUM!'. A swelling, thurngii; 48 borurusa ; to knock against, khutla; to bump or knock, as a calf its mother's udder, tbunya. BuNCH. A bunch, or cluster of fruit, lesitlho_. BUlmT,E, A. Nata. To make a bundle of sticks, etc., ready for tying up, aletsa. BuNG, A. Setsihii. BuoYANT. Light, boheho, se hellO ; to float, kokobala. Bun. A grass bur, bogopa. BliltDEN, A. Minclego, pl. me bclcgii; pelesbii, a hea
PAGE 51

on wooden spoons, etc., babola; to burn a person's house, chubU!a motho ntlo ; a scar from a burn, pala ; a mark of a burn purposely m;1de ou the arm, kgomma. BURNING, A. Peseco; phishu. A smell of burning ot singeing, segau. BmtNISII. To burnish, or polish, by rubbing, gotlha. ButtJWW, TO. Hat>t. To burrow, as a spreading sore, l
PAGE 52

CALAliiTY,A. Bosbula. A fault, molato; an adversity, tlalelii. CALCULATE, TO. Bala. CALF, A. Namane. A large un weaned calf, lesbiile, ma shiile; a troop, mariile; a calf weaned and going to feed with cattle, moalole!ii; a calf drink ing at two cows, namane ea phatla; calves born in the win ter, bomarigane; to be in calf, nemeru; time of being in calf, bonerneru; it is in calf, e ne meru ; to cast a calf, holotsa; t,o drive away or wean a calf, husetsa; to let lt calf out to drink from its mother, hesa; to beat off a calf when milking, ];iitcla; to stop or turn back a calf at milking time, thibiHa ; to suck as a calf, rokotsa; first dung of new-born calf, tilane; to give birth to a very small calf, iiomotsa; to have a calf every year, tsala moelela; to have a calf every other year or less often, tsala ka motshelii ; she has long been without a calf, e letse motshelii, e tshe dilwe; to adopt another calf after its own is dead, lomege lclwa. CALF OF A LEG. Thin part, momii ; thick part, letlhadio. CALICO. Kgai; khai. CALL, TO. Bitsa. To call aloud, kua, goa,, thomeletsa; to call aloud to, kui!ola ; to call with a yelling voice, as women going to a dance or work, duduetsa; a shrill call, made by a woman or girl, moduduetsa, modu dueco, tudueco; to call upon or visit, yanala, yelanala; to call to a work or meeting, cpa; a call for a meeting, sekakhu! to call a person to help in work, thapa; to call or sum mon, laletsa; to call to mind, gakologCI wa ; to call out I'egi ments, phutha mepbatii; to call to a pico, iipa mokgoai ; to 50 call out loudly to, or shout to a person at a distance, tlhaele tsa; to call a person when un certain where he is, hopholetsa; you shall call him Tau, u tla mo raea, u re, Tau, u tla mo sha leina, u re, Tau; to call to, bi letsa ;'.he who is calleu Tau, eo o bidiwaii Tau ; a town which is called Tauii, motse o go twaii 'fauii, motse o go tweii 'l'anii. CALLOUS. He is callous or shame less, o sehala matlhoii, ba dihala matlhoii. CALM, A. Tshisibalii. To be or become calm, sisibala.. CALmiNIATE.h TO. Pateletsa. CALUMNY. .t'a.teleco. CAME. When he came, a. re a tla., e rile a tla ; there came a. person, ga ha. go. tla motho. CAMELOPARD. See GIRAFFE. CAllELTHORN. A red camel-thorn tree, moka.la ; a. white camelthorn tree, mooka. ; a grove of red camelthorn trees, lokala. ; bush of the white camelthorn, mookana; a grove of white camelthorn trees, loo Ita. CAMP, A. Botlhaoll'llii, kampa (hybrid). CAN. Ka. I can call, ke ka bitsa, nka bitsa. CANCER, A. Kanker (hybrid). A spreading sore, nth< e e keke laii. CANDLE, A. Lobiine, pl. dipiine. To light a candle, chuba, timcga. C.\NDLESTICK, A. Setlhiimii sa Iobiine. CANE. Sngarcane, nch, nyiiba. CANNIBAL, A. Moyabatho. CANTANKEROUS. Segagltpa. CAN'l'EU, TO. Khwanya. CAP. A fur cap, tlhoro, pnane; a cap of a gun, topi (hybrid). CAPABLE, ro liE, nonoha. CAPE, A. Tlhiigii, lebatshe ye le tsenaii mo lewatleii. A cloak, kobii.

PAGE 53

CAPER, To. Kalapa. CAPRICIOUS. See CHANGEADT,E. CAI'TAIN, A. Kgosi, kgosana. CAI'TIVE, A. M.ochwarwi, mochwarwa, mogacwi, scchwaro, mogolCgwa. CAP'fiVI1'Y, Bochwaro, bochwarwa. CAPTOR, A. l!ochwari. CA!tllUNCLE, A. Kwatsi. CARCASS. An animal's carcass, setoto; a corpse, serepa, setoto. CARDS. Karata (hybrid). CAitE. Anxiety, tlalelo, tlhodiegii, tlhodiegelii; weariness, tapi shO; a providing for, tlamlilii, cbwarii ; to take care of, tlamela, cwacwaela, kwakwaela, shomarela; they don't care for him, ga ba mo re sepe ; to care for or provide for each other, tlamalana ; to take care of or guard against, itisa mo ; to take care of oneself,itisa; to be taken care of or guarded against, disiwa; I don't care, ga ke re sepe. To be careful of or sparing, iwmaela, itibatibela; to be careful of, as a weak thing, mamaisa; to use or carry carefully so as not to spoil or spill, neneketsa. c.utELESS. He is careless, 0 bo atla, o sechwarea, o sechwakga; to be careless, as in doing work, atlabala. CARESS, TO. Retba. CARNAL. Sa nama, senama. CARPENTER, A. Mmetli oa dikgoit. 'l'o do the work of a car penter, betla. dikgoii. CARPE1', A. Sealii. CARRIAGE, A. Ka.m (hybrid). CARRIER, A. Morwadi, mmelegi. CARRION. Nama. e e bodileii. CARROT. A carrot-like edible root, segwere, segwete, segiite. CAituY. 'l'o carry, or bear, belc ga ; to carry or be11r between two persons or more, chola ; carry for, a.s a servant for his 51 master, cholela; to cause carry, belesa; to carry on the back, or between the shoulders at the back, kaba ; to ca.rry on the shoulders between two per sons, sikara ; to catTy slung over the shoulder, sikara ; to carry on the shoulder, sikara, kaba; to carry slung over the shoulder on a stick, tlhomcla; to carry under the arm, kwaa ;. to carry on the palm of hand, with arm stretched out, legclela ka seatla, legelela ; to carry in the arms, or in both hands, kakamara; to carry a heavy thing on or by the head, sup porting it with both hands, sisela ; to carry carefully any thing liable to spill or be spoilt, neneketsa ; to catTY home corn, tom; to carry away, as a flood, kgophola; to carry a long dis tance, as a rifle, khuetsa. CARTILAGE, A. Lohibiri, p. di khibiri. Cartilages of the ribs, mabibiri, no sing.; cartilage of a. nose, legwakgwa. CAR't'ItiDGE, A. Sekotlopo, pa terone (hybrid). CARVE. 'fo carve wood, seta; to carve moot, khaca. ; to carve meat for, khaela; a carved ima.ge or idol, modimo oa. seseto. CARVER OF WOOD, A. Moseti. CAitVING, A. rscto ; sesctii. A tool for carving, moseto. CAscADE, A. LephOtophiito. CASE. A box, letlole; a case for 11 knife, kgatla ; a lo.rge case for needles and threa.d, morutshe; in one case, goiiwe; mo ntlheii ii we; in that case, or, lest per chance, ekare kgotsa. CASK. A cask for water, sepako s11 metse, shwake (hybrid). CAS'!'. To cast away, latlba.; cast it from thee, u se latlhc go wcna ; that which is cast away, selatlhii ; be can cause us to cast it away, o ka re se lat.lbisa;

PAGE 54

to cast away, or disinherit, ru tlola.; to cast out, ntsha.; to cast out by force, kgoromeletsa kwa ntle; to cast down, diga ; to cast down a heavy thing, go shumetsa, piriganya, diga; to cast, or rub off oneself, itlho tlhora, ikudubatsa; to cast a hook, kimiipela kobe; to become cast away, latlhega; to cast, or throw up dust, kubucla lorole; to cast a net into the sea, latlhe la lotloa mo lewatlci1 ; to cast lots for them, di laola k::t bola; to cast, or break do,wn, rutlo lola; to cast, or cause to fall down from a precipice, kgoko to cast down a weak person, or light thing, phua gnnya. CASTING. A casting down, tigii; a casting away, tatlhegii. CASTRATE, TO. Gahola, hagola. To castrate by bruising with a stone, thuliila. CAT, A. Kats (hybrid). A wild cat, phage, phahe, tibe; a pole cat, nukedi ; a meercat, see SQUIRREL; to purr us a cut, rurariira; to scrntch as a cut, impa; a muskcat, tshipa; a kind of red cat, CATARAC'r, A. Lephiitophiito. A thin membrane, lotha. CATCH. To catch a thing thrown, kapa; to catch or lay hold of, eh wara ; to catch liquid in a vessel, dibeletsa; to catch hold of with arms, tlamparela; to catch, or try to catch them in speech, ha lalela; to catch an animal running fast, tomola; catch an ox by the leg with a rhiem, tbapodisa kgomo. CATERPILLAR, A. Seboko. Nest of a caterpillar sticking to a branch, letlhao; a worm of a caterpillar in the nest khwena. CATTLE. A herd of cattle, ma tlhape, sing. and pt ; a cattle post, moraka; pl. meraka. CAUL, A. Lomipi. 52 CAUSE. No separate verb. Verbs put into the causative form, i.e., to cause to love, ratisa; to happen without a cause, dimologa; they have done this without cause, ba dibile yalo hela, ha dihile yalo ka boomo ; for this cause alone, mo ka gosi ; for this cause, ka ntlha ea giina. CAVE, A. Moi1ubii. A cave in a cliff, moiiiibii, logaga. CA vrrY. A hole, lechoha ; a hollow, khuti. CAw, TO. Lela. CEASE. To end or be finished, hCla; to finish, kbutla, wetsa; to cease for a while, or hold up as rain, gagamala; to cease or pause for a while, as one not knowing how to do a thing, gamarcga; to cease entirelY' from doing, baka, bakela; I have ceased from helping, ke bakile go thusa; I have ceased from work, ke baketse tihii ; they did not cease to teach, ga ba lea ba bakcln go rutn; that they mny cense to kill people, gore ba khutlclc go tlhiila go boluea bntho; when they ceased to be written, e rile di khutla go kwal wa; to cease to lovo or like what one had loved or liked before, giila ; to cease dripping, as blood, kgnla; he has ceased from sin, o baketse boleo, o baketse go Ieo ha. CEMENT, TO. Kana. A cement made from a bulb, boka; ce ment used by bees, sekanii, kanii. CENSEit, A. Sensera {hybrid). TO. Naea molato. CEN'l'IPEDE, A. Sebokolodi. CENTRE. In the centre, legare, ha gare ; it is split in the centre, e kgnoganye lra legare. CER'l'AIN. A certain man, mo nona. moiiwe; a certain thing, selii seiiwe; n certnin person, or such and such a person,

PAGE 55

mole be; a certain ox, or such and such an ox, kgomo ea. tc bete be ; a certain city, name not being mentioned, motse oa bole be ; a certain place, or such and such a place, bolebelebe. CERTAINLY. Ka amarure, ka mmanete, lea tlhiimamii. CERTAINTY. Boitlhiimamishii. CERl'IFY, TO. Shupa. CHAFE. 'ro rub off, kgobola; to rub against a sore, or sore place, ronkga. CHAFF. Mmoko, pl. meboko. Chaff, or husks of caffir corn, moroko. CHAIN, A. Ketan (hybrid). CHAIR, A. Setulii. CHALK, Taka. CHAMBER, A. Kamore (hybrid). A night convenience, or com mode, seruha. CHAMELEON, A. Lobodu, lelobu. CHANCE. An occurrence, kwelii; by chance, or unexpectedly, ka lechocha; to happen by chance, dimologa. CHANGE. To change, actively, hetola; to change, or become changed, hetoga ; to change oneself, iphetola; to change one's mind for a good reason, thinya; to change one's mind from caprice, tlhanoga; to change one thing for another, or exchange, ananya ka; to change one s place of lying often, as one in pain, tlhaba makgotla ; to change colour, or blush, thunya,; to change the time of a meeting, thintsha picii ; a change, pheto lo, phetogii ; change, or money given in change, madi a orliis lhybrid); sixpence change, se kespens orliis, (hybrid). 53 CHANGED. 'l'o become changed, he toga, phetoga; to be different to formerly, chwanologa; to become changed by auother, hetolwa; to become changed for the worse, gobercga. CHANGEABLE, TO BE. Kenoga ; akgaakgega ; imenoganya. He is changeable, o makenokeno, o makanokano, o matlhano tlhano. CHANNEL. A gully, loiiope; a narrow strip of water, kgogo. m1ilii. CHAP. A deep chap in hand or heel, leiia; to chap, or break out in chaps, go cwa maita. CHAPEL, A. Ntlo ea thutii. CI!APLE'r, A. Patika. CHAPTER, A. Kgaolii. CHARACTEII. A reputation, leina; a habit, mokgwa; a custom, temalii. CHARR)m. A piece of charred wood or stick, motimela, mo cwaishii. CHARCOA.L. Magala. Black off charcoal, mosidi oa magala. CHARGE, TO. Laea. To give a charge to, or instruct, lacla ; he charged them, o la a ba laca., o la a ba laela; to command, laola; to give a mess.,ge to, laetsa ; to charge a gun, tlhatlheia. CHARGER, A. See BowL. CHARITY. Food given in charity, mphii; things given in charity, dinco ; to give food, ha ; to give things, naea. CHAlllll, A. l'heko. One who sells charms, mophekodi; a bag for charms, ruoraba, mo rabana. CHARllED. A child who has a charmed life through having been doctored, itwakii. CHASE. To chase away, or chttse after so as to bring back, leleka; to chase eagerly, gwatelela ; to chase or pursue perseveringly, khukhela. CHASM. A deep chasm between rocks, selomo ; a bottomleos chasm, bosagatweii. CHAS'rEN, 'l'O. Watlhaea. CHASTENING. Kw,ttlhao. CHAS'l'ISE, TO. Watlhaea; betsa.

PAGE 56

CHASTISEMI!NT. Kw11.tlhao; peco. CHAT, A. Mlli.tisho. To have a. chat, itisa.. CHATTER, TO. Balabala; ithatha-tha. CHATTERER, A. Mmalabadi. CHEAT, '1'0. 'fsietsa. CHECK, TO. 'l'biba. CHEEK, A. Lesama; leshama ; lerama, pl. ma.rama. A check bone, phoni. CHEEKINESS. Makgakga. CHEEKY. He is cheeky, o ma kgaka. CHEER. To cheer .a victor, duduetsa; to cheer up, or cause to rejoice, ituruedisa ; to be of good cheer, namctshega. CHEERFUL, TO BE. Itumela., CHEEitFULNESS. BoitumClo. CHEESE. Kase (hybrid). CHEST. A box, letlole; a person's chest, sehuba; all the upper part of the body in front, mahuba; to heave, as the chest in sleep, ubuga; severe chest complaint, lohuba, lehubn CHERisH, TO. Nomaela. CHEW, To. Tlhahuna. To chew the cud, iitla; to. chew a very hard substa.nce, pupura ; to chew hard berries, etc., hura; to chew sweetreed, rushes, etc., chotlha ; to chew the soft part of a bone, sletla. CHICKEN, A. Lemphorwana, pl. mamphorwana, maborwanu, mahorwana. CHICKENPOX. Thutlwa. CHIDE, TO. Bnela. CHIEF, A. Kgosi. CHIEFTAIN, A. Kgosana. CHIEFTAINSHIP. Bogosi; bogosana. CHILBLAIN. A crack from frost, leiia, pl. maiia. CHILD, A. N wan a, pl. bana; a little child, ii.wanyana, pl. banyana; an infant, losea, pl. ditshea; a child just weaned, serathana ; a child able to run 54 alone, leshokgola ; a child of a person's child's child, koko mana ; a grandchild, setlogolo ; the eldest child, ii. wana oa borure; a sole-surviving child, iiwann oa mabu; the last child a woman will have, and hence, a spoiled one, goahele, gohele ; a child supposed to be suffering from its mother's adultery be fore or after its birth, ii wana oa diphacane; when be had no child, a e se a bone ii.wana, a e se a dihane le iiwana; to pacify a child, kirietsa ; to fondle a child, atlatla; to pat a child, opaopcla. CHILDBIRTH. See BIRTH. CHILDHOOD, Bonyana. CHILDISH. He who is childish, eo o bonyana; he is childish, o leatlhamana; they are childish, ba maatlhamana; a noted childish person, mohelepe. CHILDLESS, TO llE. Opahala. A childless man or woman, moopa, pl. haopa. CHILDREN. Bana. Little chil dren, banyana; a number of male children, tshimane; a number of female children, tsetsana; children by one father, senona ; children by one mother, setsalb; she has had children by him, o bonye bana nae ; a number of chil dren, lonyana. CHILL, See CoLD. CHIN, A. Seledu. The part under the chin, kodu. CHINK, '1'0. Lela. A chink or crack, logagu; a chinking noise, tsikidi. CHIP, A. Lohatsa; phatsa; lohatsana, pl. diphatsa. A flying chip, sebekedi, phekcla; a chip made by using an o.dze, sebetlela ; a chip made when cu.rving wood, etc., tshctela ; chips partly cut off, and sticking out of the wood, ditlha tlhapolo..

PAGE 57

CHIRP, TO. Lela. CHOICE. A choosing, boitshen. kelo. CHOKE. To strangle, beta; to suffocate, hupetsa ; to cause a choking sensation in the throat, balela ; to be choketl or strangled, bet1va ; to be choked or sulfocated, hupediwa; to choke, as bushes and weetls corn, hupetsa ; to kill by chok ing or throttling, gonola; I have a choking sensation in my throat, ke balecwe ke mathe. CHOOSE, TO. Itshenkela. To cl10ose for oneself, itebalebela; to perplex, and make one un able to choose, kama ; they make me unable to choose, dia nkama; ke kaii.wa ke cona; to choose or like or wish, rata. 55 CHOOSING, .-\, Boitshenkelo. CHoP. To chop across, rema; ratha; to chop lengthwise,, hatsa, phatlola, hapha; to chop oft' a branch, rema ; to chop oft' many branches, sheketla ; to chop in a slanting direction with an axe, kgcba ; to chop in a slanting direction with a spade, as in cutting up grass, kheba; to chop or cut up into pieces, kgabetlcla ; to chop meat in a mortar with a straight-handled axe, kgiiba nama. CHOl'PER. An axe, selepe; a straight-handled axe, sekgiibii. CHoPPING, A. Themo. A chop ping block, sebetlCla. CHOSEN. To be chosen as one of two things, lehCga; a chosen one, moitshenkedwi. CHRONIC PAIN, OR SICKNESS, A, Senyema ; senyama. CHRYSALIS, A. Khwena. A nest of. a chrysalis, lotlhao. CHUCKLE, 1'0. Tshega. CHUlll, A. Molekane ; selekane. CHURCH, A. Ntlo ea thutii; an assembly of believers,phuthcgii. CHURN, TO, Ntaea, CICADA BEETLE, A, Sekokwalala. CICATRIX, A. Lobadi,pl. dipadi. CINDER, A. Legala, CIRCLE, A. Sedikadiki. A ring cushion for the head, kgare ; a ring made of beads, tilwane. CIRCUIT, A. Bodikologii. To make a circuit, potologa, dikologa, copodiega. CmcurTous. Copodia; moco kodia ; mocopodra. Cmcur,Alt. Sedikadiki; sedi kwadikwi. CIRCULARLY. Segare. To cut circularly, sega segare. CIRCUMCISE, ro. Sega, isa bogwera. Cause to enter the circumcision ceremony, rupisa. CIRCUMCISION. Bogwera. One who has not been to circum cision, lekatla ; one who refuses to go to circumcision, moiiala, lekgola; boy just out of cir cumcision, lekoloanyane ; to refuse to go into circumcision, ii.aloga; to come out of cir cumcision, aloga; whipping dance at circumcision, secho ; to enter circumcision,.rupa; a helper or guard at the chcum cision, kgayane ; the head man among the circumcision helpers, kgaye ; the procession coming near to the town and returning to camp, tbalalagae. CmcUMNAVIGA'l'E, TO. Dikologa. CIRCUMSPECT. To be circum spect or watchful, tsctselcka ; he is circumspect, oa tsetscleka, 0 matsetselekii, 0 matsetsele kwe. CmcUliSPECTioN. Tsetscleko. lJIRCUMSU.NCE, A. Tihalii; tiha halo. CISTERN. Hole for holding water, ledibela. CITY, A. Motse. CIVETCA'r. A polecat, naketli. CIVIL. They have a civil war, ba tlhabana ntwa ea gae. CLAIM. To claim persistently what is not one's own, tatalala;

PAGE 58

he is one claiming or taking back a lent thing soon, or be fore the time, o Iotlhiitlhii ; a persistent claimant to that which is not his, setatalala. CLAMBER, TO. Palama; pagama CLAYOUJt, A. Telenyii. To clamour, Ielenya. CLAN, A. Losika. CLANG, '1'0. Lela; tsirima. CLAP, TO. Opa. To clap hands, opa diatla, opanya diatla. CLASH, A. 'rhulanii. 'l'o clash together, thulana; to cause to clash together, thulanya. CLASI'. To clasp in one hand, huparCla ; to clasp with both hands, tlamparela; to clasp in the arms, kampa. CLASs. A company, mophato; to class or set in order, rula ganya .. CLATTER. To clatter, as cups, etc., tsirikana; to clatter or tinlde, as iron, tstrima. CLAVICLE, A. Calii. CLAW. A claw or paw of a wild beast, lechoo, leroo ; a claw of a fowl, moniitii; to claw, as a tiger, etc., iiapa. Cr,AY. Soft mud, setCtse; boretso ; stifF mud, boraga ; black clay, tiika, tiiko; clay for pottery, mmopa, lecopa; white clay, taka; a lump of wet clay, leribi; a lump of dry clay, lekiito ; to throw clay and make it stick, phara. CLEAl'i. 'l'o become clean, phopa; to become clear as water, itsheko., itshepa ; to become pretty, ntlahala; I am clean or washed, lte tlhapile ; to make clean or cleansP., itshekisa, ntlahatsa, itshepisa, tlhapisa. CLEANNESS. Bophepa. 56 Cr,EAR, To BECOME. Itshlika. It is clear J e ph cpa ; to clear a space by chopping off weeds, etc., kgcba; to clear up, or pass a. way as rain, ntist, etc., sa; it has cleared up, go selo; when it has cleared up, e sena go sa; to clear out or clear away, as a purgative medicine, or a flood, kgoshola. CLEARLY. To see clearly, bona sentle. CLEARNESS. Bophepa. CLEAVE. To cleave, or stick to, by holding, iiaparela; to cleave to, as a glued board, iiamana; to cleave through the middle, hatola, chabn.ganya; to cleave asunder, or divide lengthwise, aroganya. CLEF'!', A. Lohn.rii, pl. dipharo. A narrow cleft, pharagaii, pharaganc. CLEl!A'l'lS, A WILD. Segope, thara. CLENCH. To clench a fist., huna lecwele ; to clench a band upon, huparcla. CLEVER. Senatla, 2'l. dinatla; sethakgn. ; secwiriri ; setsetse ; maatlametlo; clever with a gun, marwaka, maroka ; he was a person clever in teach ing, e le e le motho eo o senn.tla go ruta; a clever worker, motsetseneke, motsantsabetsi. CLEVERLY. To work cleverly, tsotsena, tsotsonelm ; to work cleverly in ornamental work, tsantsabetsa. CLEVERNESS. Bonatla; bo cwiriri. CLICK, ro. Tsirima. CLIFF, A. Logaga, pl. dikgaga. A difficult or steep place in a clifF, lomonoko; an unclimb able cliff, sepatii. Cr,nm, '1'0, Palama, pagama. To climb a hill, tlhatloga; to climb up spirally, ns a snake or a creepmg pla.nt, ichiipelela.. CLING. To cling to, as a child to its mother, ikhwakhwacla. Cr,INKING NOISE, A. 'fsidild. CLIP. 'l'o embrace, kampa.. CLOAK. See KAROSS. 'l'o cloak or hide, sbuba. CLoCK. In winter time. About

PAGE 59

57 five or six o'clock, boa sa; about eight o'clock, magamii a dikgomo; about nine o'clock, djpodidi bolola; twelve o'clock, seleba.lii; sethiibiiliikii, mo tshegare ; about one or two o'clock, meruti e le mammpa; about three o'clock, motshe gare oa maitsiboea. ; about four o'clock, maneiii a tlipodi ; about five o'clock, dik'l'omo di CLOD, A. Lekotc; lekwete. Cr,osE. See SHuT. 'fo close, or plug up, kaba ; to become closet! up, kabala ; the path is closed, tsela e kabetse; to close in or surround, dika, hola ; close or near, gauhe, gu.uhi; to come close together, bopagana; to be close together, as corn stalks, nnalana; to be close upon, chwaraganale. CLOT. A clot of blood, leshwele, leshwele ; to become clotted, as blood, tsena. CLOl'H. Kg-.ti; khai. CLOTHE, ro. To clothe oneself, ikapesa ; they do not clothe themselves, ha sa aparc ; ha sa cwale ; he clothed the boy with them, o la a di apcsa mosimane. CLOTHES. Diaparii. Fine, or ornamental clothes, mekgabii ; to put on clothes, apara ; to take off clothes, apola, cola ; to give a boy or girl new clothes on coming out of ceremony, alosa; to rend, or tear clothes, gagola ; he rent his clothes, o la a ikgagola diaparii; a pole for hanging clothes over, mosi pori. CLOl'HING, AN ARTICLE OF. Sea parii, pl. diaparii. CLoUD, A. Leru, pl. maru. A cloud of locusts, leshogodi ya tsic; to rise up in a cloud, as smoke, kuuloga; to drive up in 1t cloud, as birds, kuulola; to tlisperse, as clouds, sh wao.lala ; to break up, as clouds, anoga, kaologa, tlhasa; to pass over quickly, as scudding cloud", sesela ; !t path or opening be tween clouds, motsila; dark, winter clouds, mororodi, mariirii ; to rise above the horizon, as clouds, kukumologa, kwetoga. CLOVEN. Maphata. To be cloven as hoofs, patologana; a cloven stick, thupa ea diphata; cloven hoofs, ditlhuko tse di patolo ganyeii. CLUB. A knobbed stick, molamu ; a staff for beating sandals, etc., monteo. CLUCK, TO. Lela. CLVMP. A clump of trees, sekgwa ; a clump of cattle, lekgathi ; a clump of people, lecwele ; small cl,umps or groups of cattle, people, etc., makumaganyane. CLUMSILY. To do a thing clumRily, tlhatlharapa. CLUliSINEss. Botlogiile; boatla. CLUMSY. He is clumsy, or un skilful, o boatla; he is clumsy or awkward, o matlhiig-lc. CLUSl'Elt. A cluster of fmit, lesitlha. CLU"l'Cn. To clutch with one hand, hnparcla; to clutch with both ha.nds, tlamparCla. CoADJU"l'Oit, A. Mothusi. CoAGULATE, TO. Rema. CoAL, A. Legala.. COALESCE. See UNITE. CoAsr. A boundary, molelwane; a sea coast, losi loa lewatla, pl. dintshi tsa lewatla. CoAT, A. Baadje (hybrid) ; a lmross, kobo. COAX. 'ro coax with a view to deceive, hepa.. Con. See MEALIE Con. COIIWEB, A. Bohi, pl. Mabi. CocK, A. Kok e tona; koko e tona. The comb of a cock, lotliipii; the spur of a cock, moniitii ; to crow as a cock, le la; to cock a gun, lac la ; the

PAGE 60

gun is cocked, tlho bulii e laecwe .. CocKcRow, AT. Ka makuku ; ka malelii a kok e tona. CocKLE. A cockle or cockle shell, kgetla. CoCKROACH, A. Cusbu. CoFFEE. Kiishe (hybrid). Coffee grounds, moro; to roast coffee, gadika. CoGrrATE. To think, gopola; to reason, akanya. CoGI"l'ATION, A. Akanyo. CoiL, ro. Gara. To coil, as a large piece of meat in. a small pot, garaganya; to coil oneself as a snake, ikga.ra; to coil one self as a dog going to sleep, ikga.raganya. CorN, A. Ledi. A small coin, ledinya.na. Cor,D. Tsididi ; letsididi; maala. Frost, serame ; how cold tshikhi tshi to become cold, or be overcome by cold, sitwa; to become cold (of a thing), tsidihala ; I am becoming cold, kea sitwa; I am cold, ke sitilwe; to make cold (of .a person), sitisa. ; to make cold (of a thing), tsidihatsa; to cause oneself to become cold, itshitisa; cold water, metse a a tsididi; cold, dark weather, letlololo ; a cold in the head, disM ; a severe cold in the head, with running at nose, mohikela. CoLDLY. To. treat one coldly or keep aloof from, biha, Int. CoLic. Kgadikego. To have colic, ga.dikega. COLLAPSE. To fall, wa. CoLJ,AR. The collar of akaross, lokoye. COLLARBONE, A. CalO. COLLECT, TO. See GATHER. CoLLECTION. A church collection, kolekt (hybrid). CoLLISION, A, Thulani>. To come into collision, thulana. COLOUR, A. Mmala,pl. mebala. 58 For colours of cattle, see Ox ; what colour is it P e caii P we coloured people, rona boncho ; many coloured, matsabatsaba, marabaraba, ma1orodi; be is liffht coloured, o phepa ; to be mued, as colours, and indis tinguishable, tobekana; the colours are mixed, mebala e tobekanye .. CoLT, A. Petsana. CoMB, A. Kam (hybrid). A cock's comb, lotlopo; to comb the hair, kama (hybrid); to be combed, kaiiwa. (hybrid). CoMBINE. See UNrrE. COME, TO. Tla. I ha.ve come, ke tlile, ke tsile; to cause to come, tlisa; to come for, tlela; come now ntla come here, tla kwano, ntlo; where do you come from P u cwa ka.e P come here, and take (as in calling to a. dog), chwa! to come out, cwa; they have come out, ba. dule, ba. cwile ; to come out, or exude, nnya.; to come out of a pla.ce, cwela ; to come across, or meet with, raknna le ; to come out upon suddenly, photscga ; to come back, or return, boa, boea., reologa. ; to come ba.ck soon, or without going all the way, geloga; to come short, or fail, tlhaCla; to come short of doing a thing properly, tlamakelCla ; to come down, hologa, pagologa; to come together, kopa.na; to come to, or arrive at, hitlha; to come to pass, dihala., diha. hala ; to come to oneself, after fainting, rulwa; to come to, or start up after a fit, tsitsibo ga; to come to oneself, as one demented, ra.rabologelwa; to come of itself, as a boil, itshema; to come close together, bopagana, amana ; he came out of the place, 0 la. a cwela kwa heloii ; it comes down from God, _se hologa kwa go

PAGE 61

modimo ; he came down from the monntain, o la a hologa mo lencwen, o la a hologa lencwc; it came out upon him long ago, ga e bolo go mo cwa; a swell ing has come out upon me, ke dulwe ke boshwa; to come upon unexpectedly, wela; to be come upon unexpectedly, welwa. CmrET, A. Naledi e e mogatla. CoMFOUT. Kgomoco. To com fort, gomotsa, gomola; to encoura,ge, nametsa, namctsha; to be comforted, gomo diwa; to become comforted, gomotsCga, nametsCga, name. tshcga; to comfort each other, gomotsanya. A. l\fogomotsi. COMING. He is coming, o tla, oe tla; a coming, botlo ; his coming, go tla ga gagwe ; that it is coming, ha e etla; the coming month, kgwedi e e kwa ten, kgwedi e e kaha. ten ; to be or approaching, kwetoga, ketoga; to be com ing, or returning, reologa. CmiMAND, To. Laolu .. CmrMANDlfENT, A. 'l'aol<>. CmDIENCE. See BEGIN. CmntEND. To praise, baka; to extol, haka; to commend with out a good reason, kaclela; to commend oneself, iphaka. CmrMENDAl'ION. Pako. Cmurrr. To give to, nccla. CmDIODE. A commode, or chamber, seruha. CmDION. A common thing, se e len selii he!a. CmnroTroN, A. Phuduegii. To be in a commotion, huduega. CmniUNICATE. To relate, bo11\la; to tell to, bolelela; they refused to communicate with him, ba mo khutlogela hcla. CmniVNICATION, A. Polclii; phoko. Bokopanii. ColtPANION. Monkana; mole-59 kane; selekanc. A companion on a journey, mopati; his companions, ban we ka cna. CoMPANY, A. Leshomii, thaka, lekiikii, mophatii. A small company, leshoiiwana. ColiPAitE, TO. Chwantsha. To compare with, chwantsha le ; to be compared with, chwan tshiwa le; compare oneself with, ichwantsha le; to com pare with, or make equal, leka nya; to compare, or place side by side, bapisa; if that time be compared with this, ha. go buiwa lobaka loa motlha ouii le gompiyeno. Cmi!'AltlNG, A. Papisbii. Cmii'ARISON, A. Papishii. Com ASS. 'l'o surround, dikanya, dikanyetsa; to fetch a com pass, dikologa; to bring things into a small compass, bopa ganya ; to be compassed, or surrounded by, dikanyedicwe ke. Bonomi yoa pelo; kutlwelo botlhoko; bopelotlhomogi; bopelonomi. To have compn,ssion, tlhomoga pelo ; to have compassion upon, utlwcla botlhoko, tlhomogcla pelo. To. Kgola; shubclcla; p>Lteletsa ; patelcla, .lnt. ; to compel to take, or force upon, golegela; to compel to go, kgokgweetsa. ColiPENSATE, -ro. Dnela. CoMPLAIN, TO. Itiika; galala. To complain of, itiika ; to complain to, itiikela; to com plain about a thing offered be cause it is not such as ono wished for, galala; to com plain to a superior about a person's conduct, tlalaea, tla.!ea; he complained to the chief about him, a mo tlalaea kwa kgosiii. COMPLAINER, A. :r.fogaladi. COMPLAINING, A. Boitokii. COMPLAINT, A. Boitokii.

PAGE 62

COMPLETE. To finish, wetsa., hetsa ; to complete a. work, digela ; to complete, or carry to completion, shwa la!C!a. Com'LETED, To nE. Wela. CmiPLE1'ELY. To do anything fully, or completely, is ex pressed by adding ka to the verb ; to bind round completely, hapaka. CoMPLETION, A. Boheco; bo weco ; bosh weco ; boheio ; bo helelo ; pheco. Col!PLl". To comply or. agree, dumcla ; to comply, or to act, diba. ColiPOUND. See MIX. A com pound for native workers, tlhatlhelo. CoMPREss. To squeeze between the hands, pitlrt. CoMPULSION. Pateleco, kgoio. CmiPU1'E, ro. Bala. CmmADE. See CoMPANION. CoNCEAL. To hide, shuba; to cover up, biticla ; conceal a thing by denying that one has it, liiba; to cover the sky, as clouds, khuakanya, khuanya; they are concealed from them, di lobilwe mo go bona. 60 CoNCEDE, To. Dumela. Co::-!CEIVE. To conceive (of a woman), ithwala; to conceive (of cattle), emern, emara; she has conceived without men struating, o phukwane; to cause to conceive in sin, ithwa disa. CONCEIVABLE, IT IS. Go gopolescga. Boithwalo. CoNcERN, A. Modiho. That which concerns him, se se mo amaii.; that which concerns my weakness, se se amaii bo kiia yoa me ; as far as he is concerned, ktga gagwe ; to be concerned, or anxious, tlalClwa; to be concerned for, tlaledi wa. Col1CERNING. Kaga, ga; CoNCERT. To sing, or speak in concert, ratlatlela. CONCILIATE, TO. Rapela, olobO la. CoNCLUDE. To conclude or end, khutla. CoNCLUSION. In conclusion, g-.1 bohelii. CoNCOCT. To concoct, or make plans, loga maano. CoNCORD, or Agreement. Tu malano; kutlwanii. CoNCUBINE. An inferior wife, mogadiiiwana; a paramour, nyatsi. CoNCUit. To concur in opinion, dumalana, dumelana; to con cur in opinion with, dnmalana le, dumclana le. CoNDEMN, ro. Sekisa; naea molato. They will condemn him to death, ba tla atlhola gore a shwc, ba tla mo atlho lela go shwa, to condemn, or forsake ns one guilty, cwa; they condemned him, ba le ba mo cwa; to condemn oneself by one's own confession, icwa. CoNDEliNATION. Tsbekishii. CoNDESCEND. To humble one self, inolohatsa, ikgiibalatsa. CoNDITION. A condition, or formation, popegii; it is in good condition, though not fat, ea ciitlhwa. CoNDucr. ro direct, ka.ela ; conduct, or action, tihii, ditibo. CoNEY. See CONY. CONFEDERATE. 'l'o be confeder ate, or on friendly terms, ika ma, ikamaga.nya le. CoNFEit. 'l'o give to, necla. To consult together, gakololana. CoNFF.ss, 'l'O. Ipolela; ita.ta; ipobola; to confess a fault, icwa ; he has confessed, o itulo ; to confess me, impolela. CoNFESSING, A. Boipolelo; boi pobolii. CoNl'ESSION, A. Boipolclii, boi pobolo. CoNFIDE. See T1wsr.

PAGE 63

CONFIDENCE. See TRUST. CONFINED. See BIRTH. CONFIRM, TO. Tlhiimamisa. CoNI'lSCA'rE, TO. Gapa. CoNFLICT. A battle, tlhabanii; a wordy strife, kgaii. To disturb, here tlha ; to confound speech, kgaoganya puii ; to be con founded, or confused, romcga; to confound, or make foolish, silohatsa. CoNFUSE, '1'0. Kgwereanya. To confuse, or cause to doubt, etsaetsa; to confuse with much talking, piipiitla; to be con fused, kgwereana, etsaetsega ; to bA confused in the head, dimokana ; to confuse, or make confused in the head, dimokanya; he is confused with shame, o shoshobagancwe ke ditlhoii ; to be confused, or ltstounded, romcga; to be con fused in the head, tlhakana tlhogii. CoNFUSION. A commotion, phuuuegii; a jumble, mahereciiki;, tlhakanyo ; disoruer, lehara tlhatlha. To. Int. It is congealtd, se ga tset.se, se gaketse, Int. CoNGKST!ON. 'l'o be swelleu through congestion of blood, gamakela. CoNGREGATE. See AssE:UJlT,E. CoNGREGATION, A. Phuthcgii. CONICAL HILL, A. Lencwe ye le ntlhana, pl. maye a diu tlhana. CoNJECTURE, TO. Kabakanya, shwaba. CoNJUNCTION; To act in con-junction with, dihana le. CoNNEC'l', See UNITE. CoNNEC'l'ION. See CoPULATE. CoNQUER, TO. Henya. He conquered, o hentse ; to cause to conquer, hentsha. CoNQUEIIOR, A. Mohenyi. CONQUEST, A, Phenyo. 61 CONSCIENCE, A. Segakolodi. To have conscience, oT con sciousness of sins, ikutl wa dibe. CoNSENT, TO. DumO!a. CONSIDER. To think of, akanya; to look into, okomO!a, iikiimela; to take notice of, tlhiikomela, clatlbiiko, tsaatsia; to consider, or think oneself, ikaea. CoNSISTENTLY. Ka tekanii. Coxsor.ATION. Kgomocii, na meco. CoNSOLE, TO, Gomotsa. CONSPICUOUS, 'l'O DE. l'ep(mwa. It is perspicuous, se pepenwe ; to make conspicuous, F.inosa ; to cause to be conspicuous, pepentba. CONSPICUOUSLY, TO SET OU'l', Pcpena. 'l'hey are set out con spicuously, di pepenne. CoNSI'!ItACY, A. Kgolaganyii, kgolaganC!ii, kgolaganyeco. 'l'o enter into a conspiracy, gola.gan}'a. CoNSP!ItF. AGAINST, TO. Gola ga.nyetsa .. CoNSTANTLY. You are constantly braying, u tlluila ua shuga. CoNSTIIAIN, TO. Kgola; patele tsa; shubclcla; patelela, Int. CoNSTRUCT. 'l'o form, bopa; to builu, aga. CoNSUL'!'. 'l'o consult together, gakololana. CoxsuME. 'l'o eat, Ja; to de stroy, nyeletsa. CoNsm!PTION. Severe chest complaint, lohuba, lehuba, bo tlhoko yoa lohuba. Phete. To spread contagion, chwaet.a. CONTAGIOUS. Phetc. It contains, se na le. CoNl'AMINA'l'E. To infect, as sickness, cbwaetsa; to infect evilly, riima. CON'l'Kl!N, '1'0. Cwitla, CON'l'EMPLA'l'E, TO. Okome!a. CONTEMPT, Mockery, chotlu,

PAGE 64

leshotlii ; to treat with con tempt, bcka, khutlogcla, shwi nya. Co:sTEMPTUOUSNESS. Lonyacii; lobi\kii. CoNTEND, TO. Gani\la. To contend with, ganC!a le; to contend angrily, shakgala; to contend continually, emalana le; to contend together, ganalana, ganelana, ewalalana, emcla lana, ganetsanya ; he contends with him about the truth, oa mo ganetsa boamarure. Co:-rrENT. 'l'o content, or satisfy, thethe hatsa ; to be contented, or satisfied, thethebala; a contented spirit, miiea o o thethe betseii. CoNTENTION. Kgaii. Angry contention, chakgalii. CoN'l'EN1'A!EN'r, or peace. Lo dule, kagisho. CoNTES'r. A wordy contest, kgaii; a battle, tlbabano; to contest, ganela, tlhabana. CONTIGUOUS. See NEAR. CoN'l'INUAL. Ka gale, ka ma latsi aotlhe. CONTINUE. We will continue in prayer, re tla nnela mo thapeloii; to continue, or be joined to, in a straight line, tlhiimagana; I will continue to buy' ke tla una ke rcka; it will continue to be done, go tla tlhiila go dihwa. CoNTUACT, ro. See SHRINK. CONTHACT, A. See TREATY. CoNTRADICT, '1'0. Ganetsa; hPrekana. 'l'o make a contra. dictory statement, herekanya pu.-> ; that which cannot be contradicted, se se sa kakeii stL ganediwa. 62 CON'l'JtAIIY. To be contrary, of wind, tlhabaganya le ; the wind was contrary to them, ba le ha tlhabaganye le phehii, ba bo ha lebaganye le phehii. CONTRAST, '1'0. Chwantsba. CONTRIBUTE, TO. Naea; ntsha. CONTRITE, TO BE. Utlwa botlhoko; hutsahala. CoNTROL. To command, laola ; to direct, kaCla. CONTUMACIOUS. See OBSTINATE. CONTUMELY. lobekii. TO. 'l'eteela. A. 'l'eteelo. CoNVALESCEN'r, TO BE. Kgiishii-ha ; thamoge!wa ; rarana ; leaua. CoNVENE. See AssEMBLE. CoNVERSATION. Puo .A friendly conversation, or chat, maitishii ; to have a friendly conversation, or chat, itisa. CoNVERSE, '1'0. Bua. To con converse together, buana. CONVERSION, A. Phetogii; cho kologii. A making new, bosha bacii. CoNVERT. To change, hetola; to turn back, shokolola ; to make new, shahatsa. CoNVEY. 'l'o cause to go, isa; to bear, see BEAR. CoNVICT. 'l'o convince, hea; to judge, sekisa. CONVICTION. Convincing, pheii; a judgment, tshekishii. CoNVINCE, TO. Hea, To be convinced, hiwa; to agree, dumcla. CONVOLVULUS, A WILD. Kwidibi. CoNVULSE, 'l'O, Hahamisa. 'l'o be convulsed, as a person in a faint upon whom water is thrown, hahama. CONVULSION. See FIT. CoNY, A. Pela. Coo, TO. Kurwetsa. CoOING, A. Kurwcco. CooK, TO. Apaca. 'l'o become cooked, bucwa, apcga; to cook nmch food, shumunya, shusbutsa; to cook till the food is thick, loisa; to cook much, or overdo, shua ; to cook in a new pot, kgakola ; to cook in a dirty, or slovenly manner, apaea boatl1t; a cook, moapei ; to cook for, apcela; the food is

PAGE 65

cooked, diyo di budule, diyo di apaihve; we have cooked the food, re apeile diyo. CooKING. Kapcii. A place for cooking, leishO; a thing for cooking on, sebesho ; sticks in a pot for cooking meat on, sealiilo. CooL. Tsididi. To become cool or cold, tsidihala ; to become cool (of food, etc.), hiila; to make cool, or cold, tsidihatsa, to make cool, as wind blowing on, kgatsimola; to cool down, as a.n angry person, bcpa ; to cool oneself in the wind, as when in a perspiration, iphokis,\ phehii; to cool down, or be come hard, a.s fat, gatsela., gakela. CoOLIES. Makula. (hybrid). CoOLNESS. 'fsididi. Co-OPEUATF., TO. 'fhusanya. Cool', A. Kgogonoka. CoPPEU. Kgotlho. CoPULATE. To copulate (of a per son), tsala; (of a bull), gwela; (of a cow), gwelwa.; (of a dog, or horse), heka; (of a bitch, or mare), hekwa; (of a ram, or he goat), bekara; (of a ewe), bekarwa; to copulate often, without conception (of a male), t.et:J.; (of a female), tetwa. CoPr, A. Sekao; sekaolii. To copy, etsa. CoUANN.\, A. Mokgotho. Tbe Coranna language, sekgotho. Coun. A thin cord, thodi; a thick cord, mogala, tbapo ; to cord, see BIND. ConK, A. Setsibii; sethibii. To cork, tsiba; to take out a eork, tsibolola.. CouN. Mab1illl. A sinttle gra.in of corn, letsclc; English corn, or wheat, ma.bele a sekhoa; mabe!e a ma sesa.ne; inferior kind of native corn, maidi; old, or last yea.r's corn, chupa, mabeleachupa; corn destroyed by birds, motlhose, motlbiise 63 oa mabCle; corn withered by sun or frost, mapapa ; the first fruits of corn, given to the rain maker, dikgahela ; remnant of corn left in the bin, corn given to a chief for the entertainment of strangers, dikgablila, Int.; boiled native cm a, dikgobe tsa loha.ta; the nn beaten out grains or bunches of corn ta.ken out and p:mnded, kgoha, pl. dikgoha, kgorola.; a grain of corn cracked in roasting, pabi ; a shock. or heap of corn, mokoa oa mabOIO; prin. cipal ea.r, or head of corn, seakii; inferior ea.r, or hea.d of cam, sehare ; a.n ear of corn after it is threshed, sekolola ; chaff or husks of kaffir corn, moroko ; a cornfield, tshimo; rust in corn, phori ; a large clay corn bin sehala; a large corn busket, or bin, of wicker work, sesigo; a receptacle for untbreshed corn, made of poles, serala ; a corn house, sehala ; to carry home corn, rora ; to glean corn bu. clutsa.; to stamp corn, tlhobola; to take off t.he dikgoha when winnowing, akgola ; to bring forth an inferior head of corn, hara ; the corn stooled, mabele aiphara. CoUNEU. Corner of a boust>, kgokgochO, sephiri ; corner of a. garden, tlhohi; a corner, or turning, cokeco; in a cornm, mo sephiriii ; to turn a corner, icoketsa ; to put, or cause to go, or bide anything round a corner, coketsa. CoRPSE, A. Serepa; setoto. A carciU!s, setoto ; screpa is somt> times used for one nearly dead, and setoto for one actually dea
PAGE 66

64 or tell correctly what has been incorrectly told by some one else, thathololn. mahoko. CoitltoBOitATE, TO. 'l'lhomamisa. CoRRODI(. 'fornst, bona morodi; become tarnished, kgona. Coaltul"''. To become corrupt, bola; it is corrupt, se bodile; to make corrupt, bodisa; to make oneself corrnpt, ipodisa; they were corrupt, ba le ba nkgoa sebodu. Comtul''l'ION. Sebodu. In their corruption, mo go boleii ga br111a. CosT. What does it cost P se ya eii ? se ye le madi a le kae? cost, or price, thcko. Co'l'TAGE. See HousE. CoucH, A. See BED, CoeoH, A. Kgotlholii. To cough, gotlbOla; to be troubled with a ceaseless cough, kgcrega.; to cough much without expec torn,ting, kgcrugn,. CouLD. Ka bo ; tla bo ; kabo ; tlabo. He coulL behn. ka lehoko )'C. COUN'PERPAXE, A. Kobii. CoUN'I'ItY, A. Lchatshe. The open country, senn.ga, nageii ; of what country is he P e le molme? CoUPLE. To couple together side by side, pataganya. ComtAGE. Bopelokgn.le; hope lokima; botlhokapoibii; natlahn.lo. Good courn.ll"e, name ; to be of good courage, nn.metscga. Comt,\GEOUS, TO nE. Natlo.hala. CouRsE, A. Motlhala. A conrse or turn, phapaanii ; to go in a stmight course to, siamela; to turn the course of, thiba; of course, o.itse. CounT, TO. Shreia (hybrid). A magistrate's court, kantor (hybrid). CoU!ITEous. Bori. CoUIITYAitu. A front courtyard, lolw:1pn.; a back courtyard, segotlo, CousiN. Father's sister's child, and mother's brother's child, ntsala; mother's elder sister's <'hild, invanamamogolo ; mo t.her"s yonnger sistel"'s child, ii wanamP.iiwane. CovE, A. See CREEK. CovENANT. See TREATY.

PAGE 67

CovER. To cover up, khuru metsa. ; to put a cover on, khurumela; to cover, as water of a flood a garden, elama; to cover, or shade, sira; to cover, or shade oneself, itshira; to cover, or spread all over, ham ham ; to be covered, or spread all over, haraharwa; to cover oneself up, ikhurumetsa; to 65 cover over, or spread over, bipa; to cover the head, rwesa; to cover by putting somethiug htrger over, ribegetsa; to cover by pasting on, manega; a cover or lid, sekhurumelo; a cover, or veil, sebipo. COVET, TO. lphetlha. To de sire, eletsa; he covets these things, oa iphetlha ka dilo tse; to covet, or wish to have, me letsa matbe. COVETING, A. Boiphetlho. CoVETOUs. Segagapa. Stingy, timana; greedy, segagaru. CovE'l'OUSNESS. Bopelotshetlba; boiphCtlho. Cow, A. Kgomo e namagadi. A cow for milking at home, lemdu ; a cow still suckling a large calf, leshole; a number of cows just calved, lotsetse; for colour of cow, see Ox. Cow AitD, A. Dislmshe, pZ. bo dishashe. He is a coward, o dishashe, o borutwe, o lega tlapa, o boboi. COWARDICE. Bogatlapa; boboi. CoY. Sesinu. To be coy, sisimoga. CRAB, A. Leio. CRACK. A crack in a wall, legagu; many cracks, magagugagu; a crack under a toe, made by a sandal, sebabela ; a crack in wood, p!Jatogo ; a crack in a road, logagu; to crack, as a whip, thanya ; a crack of a whip, thanyo; to crack, as a smeared floor, kekebala; the smearing has cracked; go keke betse boloko ; to crack, as fire lL pot in the kiln,-babanya; to become cracked, as a .pot in the kiln, babanyega ; to be cracked by the fire, llallaii wa ke molelo ; it is cracked by the fire; e babancwe ke molelo ; to crack, or become cracked (of plaster, plank, wall, etc.), batoga, balega ; to crack, or become cracked (of a wooden or skin vessel), phamphanyega, phanyega; tocrackinastraight line, as a pot, rala; the pot is cracked, pitsa e radile. CRACKLE. crackle, as a mealie when roasting, thanya CRAG, A. Legaga. CRAMP. Bogacu. CRANE, A. Mogolodi; kokolorutwe. CJRASH 'l'OGETHER, TO. Thulana. CRAVE,1.'o. Kokotleta. CRAW, OR CROP O.F A BIRD. nchu. CRAWL. To crawl on hands and knees, gagaba, gogoba ; to crawl fast on bands and knees, or on bands and feet without the knees touching the ground, pharitlha; to crawl round, ga gabela; to crawl, as a cat when bunting, gagaba, ikukuna ; to crawl as a snake, lelemela ; to crawl towards stealthily, and for an evil purpose, batela. CRAWLING, A. KgagabO. CltEAK, TO. Kgwasa. l'o creak, as new boots, lela; to walk with creaking boots, gatletsa ; a creak, or creaking, kgwasho. CREAM. Lobebe. 'fo cream, okola. CREASE, A. Leshwashwa. To crease, or become creased, sho sbobagana. CREATE, To. Tlhola. To form, bopa. CREATED THING, A. Sebopiwa. CREATION. Popo; tlbolo; lo bopo; tlholego. CREATOR, A. Motlbodi; mmopi. CREATURE. Lobopo; sebopiwa. Jii

PAGE 68

CREDIT. Molato. CREDITOR, A.. Mufi oa. molato. CREEK, A. Nonti. CREEP. See CRAWL, CREEPER, OR CREEPING PLANT. A ground creeper with longish smooth fruit, seropologane ; a ground creeper with large yel low flowers, sebetebete; a ground creeper with purple flowers, letlhalago.di; a ground creeper, having melon-like fruit with horny knobs, mokawa.; a ground creeper having small hairy balls, moshumo ; a bush creeper like clematis, segope, thara.; bush creeper with edi ble finger-shaped fruit, mo gaba ; a. bush creeper with small balls, lerakanchane, lo-. she, losh ; an interior edible creeper, moga.bala.. CREEPING THING, A, Segagabi, CREEPS, To give one the creeps, sisimosa. CREVASSE, A. Selomo, CREVICE. A crack in the ground, etc., logagu; a deep and un scalable crevice between rockP, selomii. CRICKET, A. Tsiritsiri. CRUIE. A fault, molato; wick edness, boleo; boikepii .. CRIMINATE, or accuse each other, goba.na.. CRIMP. To crimp together, huta.gatiya, gogwanya ; I am crimped, or drawn together by stomach ache, ke gogwancwe ke kgadikego. CRIMSON. See RED. CR,NGE, TO. Iii.odisa. CRIPPLE, A. Segole. To be come a cripple, giilo.hala. CR.oAK, TO. Lela. CROCODILE, A. Kwema; kwena. An animal resembling a croco dile, kgagabi. CROCUS BULB, A. Chuse. CROOKED, TO BE, Shiikama, kgopama. To make crooked, kgopamisa., shoka.misa; it is 66 crooked, e kgiipo, e lokgopo ; a crooked heart, pelo e kg()pii; crooked, or uneven, or out of square, mokea; tha.t which is crooked, se se mokea ; very crooked, or much twisted, ad a branch, speech, etc., legwe letlha, segweletlha. CROOKEDNESS, Bokgiipo; chOkamii. CRoP. A harvest, tbiibii; the crop of a fowl, nchu; to crop, or graze, hula ; to crop or pluck, hula. CRoss, A. Mokgoro. A cross beam or piece, at the top, pha kalcgii, mophekalego; to cross a river, tshela, kgabaganya; to be placed across, or cross wise, rapalega, mpalala; to carry a cross, sikara. mokgoro, kaba mokgiiro ; to cross ex amine, bua katloku; botsa ka tloku, they have crossed each other, or missed each other, in the road, ba bapanye mo tseleii; he is cross, or fretful, o bobeto, o sebeto; cross ness, or fretfulness, bobeto ; o.ugry crossness, bodipa; to be cross, or angry, see ANGRY. CROUCH, '1'0, lkokobetsa; ku kuna ; ikhuna. CRow, TO. Lela. A blo.ck crow, mohukubu, lehukubu; a. black and white crow, mogakabe, legakabe; awhite-neckedcrow, mokgomilo. CRoWBAR. A thick crowbar, mol1ana; a thin crowbar, pha.fi. CROWD, A, Leshomii ; bontsi. To go in a crowd, kgoula ; to go in a dense crowd, shubele!a; to crowd or press upon,.kiikwa.nela; to crowd together, ko kwana, kgoboka.na, boka.na., bolokana; to crowd together thickly, kokwana seima; to crowd together, oi' to, kgobo kariela ; to be crowded,. or pressed together, as people m. a; crowd, kgotlhagana ; "to

PAGE 69

crowd, or press upon in n crowd, kgotlhaganya; to assail, or press upon, as a crowd, bo kanela ; immense crowds of people or cattle, macwelecwele. CJtOWN, A. SerwalO. To crown, or put on a crown, rwal1t ; crown of head, phogii, pho gii ea tlhiigii ; a crown made of porcupine quills used in danc ing, kga.re. CauciFY, TO. Bapola. He who has been crucified for us, eo o re bapolecwefi. CJIIIEL, roBE. Borumolafi. He is cruel, ga a na pelo, o borumolafi ; cruel, or ferocious, setlhogo. CRUELTY. Borumolanii; bope loethata. CRUMBS OR FRAGMENTS OF FOOD. Matlhiitlhiira ; matlhotlhora. CRUMBLE. ro crumble by hold ing something in one hand and rubbing it with the other, shugelela. CRUMPLE. To crumple up, go gwanya ; to bo crumpled up, gogwana. CRUSH. 'l'o crush between the hands or fingers, pitla; to crush one person bAtween two, pitlelela; to crush togethm, pitlaganya ; to crush by mb bing between the hands, or rubbing on with a foot, gehi tlhanya, higitlhanya; to crush, or crowd upon, kgotlhaganya ; to be crushed by, pitlagancwe ke. CRusT. A crust of bread, or cold porridge, logogii, p. di kgiigii ; crust in a pot after porridge is taken out, bogiigii, p. magiigii. CitY. To weep, lela.; seka dike ledi ; cause to weep, ledisa; to cry without cause, betoga, itshema ; to cry, or call out loudly, kna, thomeletsa, goa.; to cry loudly and piteously, gwetla.; to cry bittercy or wail, 67 lelcla gouimo ; to cry much, as a. cross child, belebetliiga; to be always crying, kgerega; to cry out very loud, biikiileia, ntsha mokgwasa.; to cry out, as anumberofpeople, tlaatlaa; he has cried, o ledile ; o itshekile dikeledi ; to cry out with a shrill cry, as a woman in the dance, duduetsa; a shrill cry made by a womanin the dance, etc., modndueco, moduduetsa, tudueco ; to make a wry face as if about to cry, betlelelt, khukhwisa; a crying, or weep ing, selclii, telo ; n. death cry of an animal, piikiiliilii. CRYSTAL, A. Lcgwa.ka; legakwa. Cun. A lion's cub, tauana; a leopard's cub, leilB.uana ; a ti ger's cub, nkwane ; a wolf's cub, phitsana. CucKoo. A bird that cries like a cuckoo, segwetsane ; cuckoo spit or small ball of foam in grass, botete. Cun, THE. Moiitlo; to chew the cud, otla. CuDGEL. See STICK. CUFF. See BEA1'. CULPABLE. He is culpn.ble, o nn. le molato, o moln.to. CuMBER. To cumber, or burden, imela. CuNNING, or Deceitfulness. Boherehere, bohelepa. A cun ning one, tlhalemaleye ; he is cunning, or deceitful, o leherehere ; to be cunning iu work, see CLEVER. CuP, A. Senwclii. A beer cup, phahana; the hn.ndle of a cup, mokgothi ; a cupbearer, mo chola phahana; to cup or let blood by cupping, !omega, loma ; he has cupped me, o utomegile, o ntomile; mn.rk left by cupping, tomega ; a cupping horn, motlhogo. CuRDLE. To curdle, or become curdled, tlhanya; the milk is curdled, mashi a tlhantse.

PAGE 70

CuRE, A. Phodisho. To cure, or cause to heal, hodisa. 68 CUJtL. To curl hair, hiira moriri; a spiral curl, mochophe. CURSE. To curse, by naming or pointing to any of the private parts, roga, rogaka, tlhapatsa; to curse, by calling for evil upon, hutsa; to curse, by striking the ground with a moses, etc., and uttering imprecations, hepha ; to curse, or bring evil upon by cursing, neelela; he is cursed, or doomed to evil by this person, o neelec:we ke motho eo ; to curse each other, rogana, rogakana, hutsanya; a curse, thogii, thogakii, phuco ; expression used when cursing with a moses, kuruthu. CuRS ER, A. Morogani; mo hutsanyi. CURTAIN. A hanging curtain, setshirii; a thing that covers, sebipo. CURVE. To curve wood by cutting or bending, gata logofi; a curve in a pole, etc., semene ; curved, semene ; curved, as a sickle, kgiigoropii ; a much curved or bent thing, sego goropii ; it is curved, se kgiipo, se kgopame; to become curved, kgopama; to cause to be curved, kgopamisa. CUSHION. A pillow, mosamii ; a cushion for the head when .carrying water, etc., kgare ; to put something on the head as a CIJshion for water pot, etc., garC!a ; to put anything (as a cushioa) between things so as to keep them steady, garcla. CusTOM. A custom or habit, mokgwa, temalu, loci>, tamalo; a wont, botlwaelii; a tax or tribute, lekgetho ; a regular custom, mokgwa ou. gale le yanofi. Cur, TO, Sega. To cut a thick thing, segaganya ; a cut, or cutting, tshegii ; to cut, or hew much, sheketla; to cut badly, or be blunt, dilaha.la ; to cut or chop off a shoulder from a carcass, hamola ; to cut, or chop down by the backbone, removing leg, shoulder, and ribs, kgekgetha ; to cut, or chop down the *ddle of n. backbone, tsatsa.raganya; to cut into thin pieces, or strips, giiliila ; to cut meat or hide into long. strips, tlhokolol;sa.; to cut meat into large pieces, kgabetla ; to cut meat into small pieces, or mince it, kgabetlela ; to cut up meat for cooking, dihi\la na.ma; to cut meat into thick pieces, reolola; to cut up pumpkin for cooking, gabela; to cut off pumpkin rind, or bad part of meat, setolotsa; cut a hole for a patch, dibola ; to cut circularly, as a hide for rhiems, dikolola ; to cut through or sever with one cut, tipola, sipola, sibola; to cut down the middle with an axe, chaba.ganya; to cut or chop across, rcma ; to cut or chop by splitting, hapha, hatsa., phatlola; to cut straight down the middle, tsarola ha gare ; to cut open a sore or swelling, ara.; to cut deep into a sore, arlila; to cut a large opening into a sore, abola ; to cut down the stomach of animal, roposa. ; to cut length wise down the middle, or cut asunder, hatola.; to cut with a knife as with a saw, setlha; to cut open lengthwise, aro ganya ; to cut open a roasted kid, khaca ; to cut, or trim round a skin after braying, sekeletsa. ; to cut by putting the knife under, and jerking, ragola.; to cut across, or make a short cut, .kabama, rapa.ma; I will cut across to the path, ke tla rapa.mela tsela. ; ke tla kabamela tsela.; to cut up

PAGE 71

meat, kgaega; to cut ofF at a joint, lokolola; to cut ofF twigs and shoots, tlhokotla ; to cut ofF, or sever, kgaola, poma; to cut ofF from church fellowship, kgaola; to cut off a pa.tch of hair, dibola; to cut hair off close, or shear, beola; to cut with a sharp knife or axe, as the sinew of an ani mal, shctla ; to cut haiL with scissors, kut.; to cut lmir unevenly, kuta.; to cut much, or in many places, segaka ; to cut off a p10ce of meat, etc., while holding it in the mouth, setlbcla ; to cut or slice meat, beka ; to cut a tense rhiem, tha.pola ; to cut up grass, etc., with a spade, DABBLE IN WATER, TO. Pha chanya.; phacbakga.nya. DAGGA, or Indian hemp. Ma.to kwane. Wild dagga, t.lha shunyele ; pipe for smoking dagga, naka. DAILY. Ka ma.latsi aotlhe. DAINTY, in eating, to be. Sinama. DAISY. A shrub with daisy-like flower, logiili.i. DALE. See VALLEY. DAM. A dam across a stream, morathii ; a hole for pouring water into, ledibola; a dam for storing water, tarn (hybrid). DAMAGE, ro. DihOla mashwe. 'ro do damage to or for, senye tsa. ; damage, or fault, molato ; damage, or loss, lehuma; dam age, or destruction, tshenyii, tshenycgii. DAMN. See CuRsE. DAMP. To make damp or wet, nona ; it is damp, se nonnc. Loiiola. Dampness after rain, bokgola. DAMSEL, A. See GIRL. DANCE, ro. Bina. To dance the bogwera dance, rupa ; to dance with another, bela; I will dance with him, ke tla m me la; I will dance with the woman, ke tla be la mosadi; to dance 69 together (of two people), be lana; to dance up to, and away from, ram, tshela. ; an all-night dance round a' fire at the close of the boyale ceremony, thOyana; the whipping dance in the bogwera, secho; a dance, pinii, pin a; a dance tune, pina; to worship by dancing, bina.; to dance or quiver, as wnter in a breeze, phapba.scla; to cause the body to quiver in dancing, pbaphasela. DANCER, A. Mmini. DANDLE, '1'0. Akgola. DANGER. Diphatsa., sing. and He is in danger, o rno di phatsefi, o mo rnashwefi ; o rno bobifi; a time of danger, lobal'a loa mashwe, lobaka loa mabe, lobaka loa dipbatsa; he ventured into danger, though warned, a ea hela, a itsiba ditscbe. DANGEROUS. A dangerous path, tsela ea diphatsa; tsela o e leshwe. DANGLE. To bang down, lcpc lcla ; to cause to hang down, lepeletsa. DAnE. He will dare, or try, o tla leka; he will dare to do, or he won't fea.r to do, ga a kctla a boiha go diha ; we dare, or are bold to go in, re pelokgale go t.slma. DARING, or Brave. Pelokgale. Daring. or rash, pelompe. DAilK. To become dark, hihala.; it is dark, go lehihi ; a dark house, ntlo e e lehihi ; to grope in the dark, see GROPE. DARKENED, 1'0 BECOME. Jlibala. To be darkened by, hiha.diwa ke. DARKNESS. Lehihi ; phihalii. A slight darkness, lehicwana ; an expression denoting pitch dark ness, khuru ; it is pitch dark, lehihi ya re hela ya re khuru. DARLING, A. :Moratwi ; moratwa. DARN, TO. Tlhamaganya.

PAGE 72

DART. An arrow, mocwi; to dart out, photsega; to dart out the tongue, as a snake, ntsha loleme ; to dart out upon, or jump out upon, as a lion or dog, kgomogela, kgogogcla ; to dart down, as a hawk, cu ulala. DASH. To dash to the ground, ntaanya ; to dash to pieces, phatlakanya, rabanya; to dash or throw down a heavy thing, piriganya. DATE. A time, motlha, lobaka. DAuB, l'O. Tladika. DAUGHTER, A. Morwadia. My daughter, morwadiake; thy daughter, morwa.dio ; his daughter, morwadie; Tau's daughter, morwadia Tau, morwadie Tau. DAUGHl'ERIN-LAW. Man's daughter-in-law, same as child; a woman's daughter-in-law, iiwetsi. DAwN. Phepa; bophepa. At dawn, ka bosasa; just as dawn begins, makuku ; ka mapha. kcla; just after dawn, l

PAGE 73

he is debarred from lea.ving, people refusing to point out the wa.y, o kga,necwe tsela., o ta.tecwe tsela.. DEBATE, A. Kga.ii. To deba.te, tsaea. kga.ii, ga,nela.na., ga.na,la,na,; to debate with, ga,nela. le, ga,nela.na. le; to debate or rea.son in one's mind, a.ka.nya.. DEBAUCHERY. Riotous mirth or plea.sure, tlha.pclo; fornica. tion, boa.ka. DEBILI1"Y. Bokoa.. 71 DEBRis. Debris of a. ruined house, leshope; rubbish floot ing on, or left by wa.ter, kgogodi. DE:uT, A. Mola.to. Part of a. stipumted price rema.ining un pa.id, seshuga; to pa,y pa.rt of a, debt, ehwisa.; pa,y me pa,rt of a. debt, nch wisa.. DEBTOR, A. Eo o mola.to. Those who a.re our debtors, ha ba. lei1 ha. le mola.to le rona.. DECAPITATE, TO. Kga,ola, tlhOgo. DECAY, TO. Bola.. To ca.use to deca.y, bodisa.; to deca.y, or grow old (of things), ona.la.; to be quite soft from deca.y, a.s putrid mea.t, cberetlha.ga.na, cheretlbega. DECEIT. 'l'sieco ; tota.ha.lo ; bo helepa. ; boherehere. DECEll'FUL. To be deceitful or false, hereka.na, ; to become deceitful, or a.ct deceitfully, lotsa.hala., retheha.la.. DECEITFULNESS. 'l'sieco. DECEIVE, TO. Tsietsa; lotsaJratsa.. 'l'o deceive by fa.ir promises, retheha.tsa ; to deceive by fa.lse smtements, hereka.na.; to de ceive by denying possession of wba.t one ha.s, or knowledge of wha.t one knows, lob&; to de ceive by lying, or by promising a.nd not performing, hora. ; to deceive oneself, itsietsa., iphora; to become deceived, tsietsega,. DECEIVER, A. Motsietsi; lehere here; leberecuko ; lecwa.laniiga.. DECEMBER. Sedimothulwe. DECENTLY. Sentle hela, ku.tshi amo. DECEPTION. Bee DECEIT. DECIDE. To decide a. dispute, a.tlhola ; to decide in fa.vour of, atlholela.. DECISION. A decision or a.wa.rd, ka.tlholii. DECK. To deck, or a.dorn, kga,ba. DECLARE. 'fo sa.y, ra.ea.; 'to ca.use to know, itsise ;. to re late, ka.ka.nya.. DECORATE, TO. Kga.ba. DEcoY. 'fo tempt, ra.ela.; to entice, hepa.. DECREASE. To decrea.se, iiotla. ha.la. ; to cause to decrea.se, or make small, iiotla.. DECREE. A law, molao; an injunction, taO ; a word, le hoko. DEED. An act, tiho ; a writing, lokwa.lo. DEEP. Teii. Very deep, teii teii; it is deep, se teii, se boteii ; deep, as a. vessel, or an empty sore, kga,mpu ; this sea. is not deep, lewatla ye go, le boteii. DEER. Bee BucK. DEFAME, TO. Pateletsa. DEFEA"l', TO. Henya. To be defeated, heiiwa. DEFECT. A fault, molato; a deformity, bogole. DEFENCE, A. Phemelo ; phemii. An answering for oneself,ikara belii; a weapon of defence, sebemo. DEFEND. To defend oneself, hema; to defend another, hemela.; defend, or answer for oneself, ika.rabela; to defend, or smnd by, ema nokeii; to defend, or stand over, okama. DEFENDER, A. Mohemedi. DEFER. 'l'o a.djourn, thinyo.. DEFIANCE. Bogwa.nto.; bodipa.. To act in defiance of, gwanta. DEFIANT, TO BE. Gwanta. To act defiantly, or be headstrong, totologa..

PAGE 74

DEl'ILE. To make filthy, leshwe hatsa., itshepolola. ; to contami nate evilly, cwaetsa, riima, bepha ; to walk in single file, boplilela; a. defile, or pass, kgiirii. DEFORMED, TO BECOME. Gola hala.; it is. deformed, e gola hetse; a. deformed person or thing, scgole. DEFOUMITY. Bogolc; segiilc. DEFY. 'fo despise, nyatsa; to upbraid, kgoba. TO.. Tsictsa. DEGENEUATE. To become worse, keketscga; to become un trained, ka.tologa. D};GUEE. One of low degree, khutsana. DEGREES, BY. Ka thaholo. DELAY. To detain, dia; to be detained, diwa; to delay a long time, iii.ala., emaema; to procrastinate, nyahala; to be come delayed, or to tarry, diega. DELIBEUATE, or slow. Bodiki. To deliberate, or think, gopola; to deliberate, or reason, akanya. DELIBEUATION, or slowness. Bodiki. DELIGHT. To rejoice, itumcla; to please, kgatlha ; a delight, kgatlhego ; to be delighted, kgatlhwa; to become delighted, kgatlhega. DELIRIOUS, TO BE. Buabua. He is deliriou!l o tlhakanye tlhogi>. DELIVER. '.L'O set free, golola; to take out, ntsha; to give to, ncela; to from evil, golola mo boshuleii ; delivered or confined. See BIRl'H. DELIVERANCE, A. KgololO., DELIVEREU, A. Mogolodi. DELUDE, TO. Tsietsa. DEMEANOUR, Tsamao. DEMOLISH. To destroy, senya; to pull down, or break .down, rutla, rutlolola. DEMONSTUATE, TO. Shupa. DEN. A cave, moi1ob0. A natural 72 pit, moii.Obo; a lion's sleeping place, serubi sa tau. DENSE, TO BECOME .. Kweua. It is dense, so kwenne ; to be dense, as a thicket, cuba; to be dense, as a swarm of locusts, or a crowd, phikama. DENSI'rY, or DENSENESS. Bo kweno. DENY, l'O, Latola. To be of a contrary opinion, kgala; to deny a fault, latola ; to deny a fault in oneself, itatola ; to deny falsely that one has a thing, loba; to deny falsely to another, liibcla; to deny, or refuse to acknowledge, itatoht; they denied his existence, ba mo latola ; he denied that he was guilty of this, a se itatola ; to deny, or contradict, ganetsa ; deny me, intatola; he denied himself, or stinted himself food, o la a itima diyo. DEPAUT, TO. Tloga; emoga; katoga; tlhomoga; huduga. To depart from, or leave, tlogCla ; depart hence, tloga ha; he departed from them, o la a ba tlogela ; they departed from him (of a person who had been surrounded), ba lebamokaologela ; to depart from one place in order to go to another, cwela kwa. DEPARTURE, A. Sehularo; pololo. After his departure, sehularo:ii. sa gagwe. DEPEND UPON, or trust in. Ikanya. DEPOSE. To give testimony, shupa. DEPRAVE, TO. Roma; hiJpha. DEPitA VIl'Y. Boiltepo; boshula. DEPRIVE. To deprive of, tseela, tlhakola ; to deprive of food by taking the largest share, amola; to deprive of by making away with, lolora; to deprive of, or rob, thukhutha. DEP'l'H. Boteii. Depth of earth, boteii. yoa mbu ; to try the

PAGE 75

depth of water, lokolcla, leke. letsa. DER.\NGE. To scatter about, halatsa, gasa, g311agasa, rula ganyolola.. DERIDE, TO. Sbotla; fiofiiila; tshcga ; he derides me, oa. shotla ka nna. DERISION, Cotlii; fiofiolo. DESCEND, TO. Hologa ; pngologa. To descend from, hologi\ mo ; to descend on the other side, tsetmmliill ; to descend in a line, as cattle down a hill, repologa ; to descend suddenly, kgokologa, kodumlila.; to de scenil suddenly to,kgokologlila; to descend from a mountain, hologa mo lencweii, bologa lencwe ; a. thing to descend by, sehologo; to descend from a height, pagologa ; to descend in a slanting direction, ribama. DESCENDANT, A. Nwana, bo tsalo. A grandchild, setlogolo ; a great grandchild, kokomana, setlogolwana. DESCENT, A. Pbologo; bohologo. A gradual descent, mokgoko losa, mokolo, Int. ; an abrupt descent, moko dumetsa. DESCRIBE. 'l'o point out, kaea; to relate, kakanya ; to tell, bolela. 73 DESECRATE, TO. ltsbepolola. DESERT. A waterless or desert l:tnd, lehatshe ya sekaka; the desert, kgalagadi ; the desert side, to the north west, bolala ; to desert, tlogcill, cwa; they desert him, ba. mo cwa ; they desert me, ba ncwa; a dweller in the desert, mokgaillgadi ; a deserted, or ruined house, leshope ; a deserted, or unin habited house, letlotla. D!!:SEirrElt FROli A REGIMENT, A. Legatlapa. DESERVE, 'I"o. Chwanclwa. He deserves to die, o chwanetse go shwa; we deserve to be beaten, rea chwauchva ke go bediwa; things which we de serve, di!O tse re di eh wancts<'ii ; a deserving one, mochwanedi. DESIGN. To purpose, ikacliila. DESIGNATE, TO. Kaea DESIRABLE. Eletscga. Precious, ratcga. DESIRE, TO. Eletsa ; rata. To desire to have, o1 covet, iphc tlha ; a desire, keleco. Dl(SillOUS, TO nE. Uatn.. DEsK. A table, lomati; a box, letlole. DESOLATE, TO. Senya. It is left to you desolate, lo c tlogelccwe kgakgabalu. DESOLATION. Kg-.tkgabalo. Dc sbnction, thcnyegu. DESPAIR. Nomoga; iiomogcla polo; tlhoboga; tlboooga; to cease hoping, sholohologa; they despair of, or give up hoping for him, ha. mo tlho. boga. ; to cause to despair, tlhobosa. DESPAiltER, A. Motlhobogi. DESPATCH. To send (of persons), roma; to send (of things), isi\. DESPERATE. To become despc mte, sholohologa.; a desperate person, mosholohologi. DESPICABLE, TO JIECOliE. Nya tscga. DESPISE, To. Nyatsa. To be despised, nyadiwa; to refnse to heal' or accept, cwitla. ; to regard as worthless, kgobotla; to drive away with contempt, koba.; to despise others through pride, ipega; to despise food, or turn up one's nose at it, totologa, nyokologa. DESPITE. To do despite unto, rumoli\. DESI'ITEFULLY, To usE. Gobo lola. DESPOND. To despond, or be despondent, iiodia, nodicg't ; to give up hope, tlhoboga, tlhoboga. DESPONDENCY. Nodicgb. DESTITUTE, '1"0 BE. lohaia. I

PAGE 76

am destitute, ke loshn.i; to be destitute as a fugitive, ipho tlhere ; to be destitute, or in need, maramara. DESTROY, TO. Senya; nyeletsa; lot la ; rophehatsa ; to destroy, or lick up, as war, lakaila., la.ila. DESTROYED, TO BECOl!E. Senyega. ; salalaga.na. ; to become destroyed in large numbers, ga.tlampulega. DESTROYER, A. Mosenyi. DESTRUCTION. A destroying, tsheliyo; a. being destroyed, tshenyego; destruction from ligh winds, strife, etc., dikgolobe; a casting away, ta.tlhego. DETACH. See SEPARATE. 'l'o become detached, as fu.llen stones from a cliff, ma.nologa.. DETACHMENT. A regiment, mo pha.to; a detachment for war, spying, etc., bonokwane. DE'rAIN, TO. Din.. 'l'o be de tained, diwa.. DETECT, TO, Phoroma.. He has been detected in adultery, o phoromilwe mo boakeii. DETERIORATE MORALLY, TO. Beha.. DETERMINE, To; lkaelela ; itlho ma.. To be determined for something, ga.kalela.. DETERMINATION, Boikaelelo; boikafio ; boitlhomo. DETEST, TO, !la; tlhoa, DETESTATION, A. Moila.. DETRACT, 'l'o accuse falsely, pateletsa.. 74 DEVASTATE, TO. Senya.. DEVIATE. 'l'o turn aside, ha pogo.; to wander, timela. DEVICE, A. Lea.no; toga. maa.no; togo maa.no. DEVISE. To devise, or devise plans, logo. maa.no. DEV01'E. 'fo give to, nccla. DEVOUR, TO. Metsa.. DEw. Monyo ; monye, Int. DEWLAP OF AN OX, Lobodu; lebodu. DIAPHltAmr, A. Locwalo, DIARRHIEA. Lochega.; mochego; mota.bogo; to have dia.rrhcea, ta.boga., cholola, tsha.ba. mo ma.lefi, ts.ha.bisiwa ke mala. DIBBLE, TO. Ka.bela. DICE, A small bone dice, bola, pZ. mala ; a small dice, re garded as female, puba.ga.di, kga.tsha.ne ; a large dice, re garded as male, moremogolo, segarwe l to cast dice, tshela bola, thela. bola ; to decide a matter by the dice, laola. ka bola.. DID. I did love, ka le k.a. rata.; I did not love, ga kea. ka ka. rata., ke le ke se ka ka rata. ; he did it long ago, ga. a bolo a se diha, o kile a se diba. ; he did not go away, a sa ka a tsamaea ; those who did not go, ba ba. sa ka.fi ba ea; he .. was as if he did not any longer think, a nna yaka ga a tlhole a gopola ; they did not know, ba. sa ka ba. it.se ; as the chief did in this land, yaka kgosi e kile ea diha. mo lehatshiii ye. See paradigm of verb. DIE, TO. Shwa. To die sud denly, tsakuga., campega, kantsega., phatloga. ; to die after a long illness, or from starvation, gonoga; to die in large numbers (of people or animals), rii bOkega. ; to die in the water, shwela mo metsifi ; to be about tQ die, gorega.; he was about to die, o la a letse loa go shwa; he nearly died, but recovered, o gomile go shwa ; a thing that is sure to die, sekashwa. ; he is sure to die, o ga.uhe go shwa ; a spot where an animal has died, sebibi; sehihi. Dll!i!EK. To differ from, ga.nela le ; to differ, or disagree, as news, or stories, hapa.na ; tshe lepa.ua ; to differ or vary in an account of an occurrence, akgaua; to differ from, harolo-

PAGE 77

ga.na.; it ditrers from the other, e ba.rologa.nye m' go e iiwe. DIFFERENCE, A. Chwanologo. A difference of opinion, kgaii. DIFFERENT, TO BECOME. Cbwa.no loga ; to make different, chwa nolola ; they are different, ba sa chwa.ne, ga ba chwane ; a different language, puo c sele. DIFFF.RENTLY. Go sele; ka go sele. DIFFICULT. 'fhata. Difficult, or heavy, borale ; to be too diffi. cult, retC!a; it is too difficult for me, go nthetClela ; very difficult, or almost impossible, senkadi. DIFFICULTY. Botbata. To be surrounded, or hemmed in with difficulty, kaila; to sunound, or hem in with difficulty, kaidisa. Dw, TO. Epa. 'l'o dig up, or out, epolola ; to and thro1v out earth with hands, hata ; to dig superficially so as to cut off grass, etc., kbitla ; to dig, or l'lough, lema ; to dig for water, cpa metse; to dig .or hollow out on one side, after digging straight down, garuba ; to dig into an animal's hole at a dis tlmce from the opening, and in the direction the bole points, arc la. DIGGER, A. Moepi. DIGGING, A. Kepo. DIGNITY. A dignity, or impor tant personage, mogolo; digni ties, bagolo. DILIGENTLY. I sought him dili gently, ke le nnnatla ka tlhoo halo ; ke le ka ichoka mo go mmatleii. DILUTE. 'l'o dilute or dissolve, tlhaolosa; to dilute, or make less strong to the taste, tima ; to become diluted, tlhaologa. D Ill. 'l'o become tarnished, kgona; dim or dimness, looto; the sun is dim,letsatsi le looto; a dim light, lorotho, lorothana. DIMINISH, TO. Okocolola. 'J'o 75 take meat out of a full pot, tlhatlolola ; to take milk, etc., out of a full pot, hokotsa ; to diminish for, hokoletsa ; to diminish weight, bokotsa. bo kete ; to become diminished, hokotsega. DIMINUTIVE. See Sl!ALL, DBINESS. Looto. DIN. See NorsE. DINGE. To dinge in a. yielding substance with the flat part of a finger end, tobetsa; to dinge in with the point of a. finger, kgotla. DINGY. To become tarnished, kgona; it is tarnished, ae kgonne; to become dingy, or old, onala. DIP, TO. Ina. To dip for, inela; to dip oneself, ikina; to dip, as a sop in soup, etc., iia.ma; to be d1pped, iiamiwa. DIRECT, To. Kaela; laCla. To go direot to a place, lolama. ; to direct straight to a place, lola misa; to take a direct course, siama ; to direct or instruct in a work, kae!a mo tihoii. DIREC'rioN, A. Kaeio. A direc tion, or copy, sekao ; in all directions, mo ntlheii cotlbe. Dun. Rubbish, or sweepings, mabebe; matlakala; dirtcaused by spilt fat, etc., matladika ; dirt removed by the s111earing of a doctor, or by rubbing bands or face, diphorola. Durrr. Leshwe; mashwc; mpe; dimpc. To be dirty, mokgona; it is dirty, se mokgona, se makgomoku, se makgome; to be dirty, or tarnished, kgona; it is tarnished, se kgonne; to be dirty, or smudged, as with grease, milk, etc., kgamatha; kganatha ; to dirty clothes with grease, etc., tladika; to dirty oneself with grease, etc., itla dika. DISAGREE. Ganelana; ganalana. To disagree with what another

PAGE 78

76 has stated, gancla ; to disagree, or differ, as storie, hapana; tshelepana ; to disagree, or differ m an account of an occur rence, akgana. DISAGREEABLE. Motlhatlha. To become disagreeable or unple sant to, shwahala; it is disagrec>Lble to him, se shwahetse go cna, se sh wahetse IIlO go Cna.. DISAGREEMENT, A. Kgail. DISAPI'EAR, TO. Hcla ; nyclcla; nyercga. 'l'o disappear (of clouds), to disappear, hy running fast, hadima; to disappear below the horizon, or over the brow of a hill, kolimcla ; kiitlomcla ; to dis uppco.r from among people, no one knows how, fioitwacla; to d)sappear, as darkness, rain, etc., a; to cause to disappear, hedisa. DISAPI'OINT, TO, Shwabisa. DISAPPOINTED, TO BE. Shwaba. 'l'o become diso.ppointed or grieved, shula pelo; I am dis appointed or grieved, pelo ea me e shudile ; to look disap pointed, tlhonya, bcha .. DISARRANGE, TO. Tsenkolola. DISAVOW, TO, Latoht; itatola. DISCERN, TO, Harologanya. To discern between, hotrologanya mo. DISCERNMENT. Pharologanyo. DISCHARGE. 'l'o set free, golola; to unload, olola, laolola, golola; a discharge, as of blood, chologo. DISCII'LE, A. Morutwi; morutwa. DISCIPLINE, A c_HILD, TO. Gapa. DISCONTEN'l', Nofiorcgo. DisCON'l'ENTj;;D, TO BE. Betwa ka pelo. To'grumble, iloilorcga. DISCORD. K1,,>aii. DISCOURAGE, TO. Nodiegisa pelo ; to be discouraged, iiodicga, shwa pelo. DiscovER, 'J'O. Bona. To dis cover people hiding, or animal asleep, kwaa; to discover, or come upon, wela; to be dis covered, welwa. DISCREPANCY. There is a dis crepancy in these words, ma hoko a a hapana ; go tlhokilo segwe mo ma.hokuii a. DISCRE'l'ION. 'l'o come to yeats of discretion, go cwa motho. DISCitiMINA1'E, TO. Harologanyu.. Discuss, ro. 'l'saea kgaii. 'l'n discuss a matter, as a proposed mania.ge, etc., rCra. DISCUSSION, A. Kga.ii. There is discussion, go kgail; they still have a discussion, ba sa ntse ba na le kgnii. DISEASE, A. Pobolii; bolwetsE>. Foot and mouth disease in cattle, botctc; to draw out a disease with the mouth, as a heathen doctor, dupa. DISEMBOWEL. To cut down the stomach in order to disembowel, roposa. DISENTANGI,E, TO. Rarnbolola. 'l'o become disentangled, ram bologa. DISGRACE, A. Mohtto. DISGUISE. To alter oneself, iphetola ; to put on other clothes, ikapcsa diaparo di sele, to go about among people in disguise, ikgakisa batho. DISGUST. To surfeit, tena; to be surfeited, tenwa; to disgust, or turn another away from in disgust, tentsha ; you make this person disgusted with me, u ntentsha motho eo ; to be come disgusted, tenoga. DISH, A. Seyana. A wooden bowl, m,ogocana, mogocwana; to dish up food, chola, raha ; dish up for them, ba cholcla ; to take food out of a dish, chola. DJSHEARl'EN. See DISCOURAGE. DISHONOUR, TO. Tlotloloht. DISINHERIT, TO. Rut)oht. DISLIKE, 1'0, Tlhiia. He dislikes them, o ba tlhoile ; oa tlhoanya nabo; to dislike, or

PAGE 79

cellSe to like what one liked before, giila ; they disliked him, or no longer liked him, ba le ba giilega mo go ena ; I dis like it, or do not like it, ga ke se rate; a dislike, tlhii
PAGE 80

for, ila.-1 I .have a distaste for it, ga. ke se rate. DIS'rEND, TO. Gaga.matsa. To become distended, or stretched out, ga.ga.malu. ; distended (of nostrils), mu.phara. DISTINCT. 'fo make distinct (of letters nearly rubbed out), tlhabololu.. DISTINCTION, A. Tlhaolii; phu.ro loganyii. To make a distinction, tlhaola, hu.rologanya. DISTINGUISH, '1'0, Harologanyu.. To distinguish between feat and anger, go harologanya mo poihofi le mo bogadifi ; a dis tinguished, or well-known per son, motho eo o itsegefi; a distinguished, or noted person, motho oa bonatla ; a dis tinguishing mark by which a person or animal can be recog nised, selile. DISTOR'r. 'l'o distort, or mis represent words; ree!elu. ; to become distorted, or changed (of a countenance), behega. DISTRACT, TO. Akgaakga. To become distracted, akgaakgega. DISTRACTION or DoUI!'l'. Kaka balo. DISTRESS. Khutsahalii ; bolm tsa.na; tla.lelii ; masetlu.na. 'l'o distress, hutsabatsa, tlhoko hatsa, patika, tlalela ; to be dis tt-essed or sorrowful, tlaleJ wu. ; to be distressed, or oppressed, patikega. DIS'l'RIIIU'l'E, TO. Abelu.. To be come distributed, or to spread over, harahara. DsrRIBU'l'ION, A. Kabelii. DISTRUST. 'fo cease to trust, ika.nyologa ; to doubt, belaela; distrust, or doubt, pela.Clo ; a ceasing to trust, boika.nyo logo. Dts'l'URB, TO. Heretlhu.. To dis arrange, tsenkololu. ; to become disturbed, heretlhega. DISTURBANC!l, A. Pheretlhii. A commotion, phuduegii ; a dis78 turbing, pheretlhego ; to cause a disturbance, heretlha. DrroH, A, or Gully. Loi1iipe, pl. mafiiipe. DIVE, TO. ltbabuetsa ; itho buetsa; inyeletsa. To rise to the surface after a dive, biloga.. DIVERGE. To diverge, as path, lomologa.na. DIVERS DISEASES. Malwctso maii.we le maii.wc. DIVIDE, ro. Kgu.ola; poma. To separate, kgaoganya; to divide into parts, aba ; to be divided into parts, aywa, a hi wa ; to divide, or select, tlhaola ; to divide, or cause divisions among people, kgakgamologanya, kha mologanyu.; to divide cattle into lots for drinking, etc., noketsa, raholu. ; to divicle into parties, or isolated groups, kumagana ; to be divided into pat-ties 1 kumaganwa ; to divide for, abela; to divide meat for, or carve for, khaelu. ; to divide among each other, ahu.lana, abelana; to divide o.mcing the people, abalanyo. hu.tho ; to divide, o.s in o.rithmetic, leku. nyetsa ; to divide contending parties, tsiriganya ; to divide, or part asunder, as water, kaka. bolosa; to be divided, as water, kakabologa; to be divided against oneself, ikgaoga.na; to divide lengthwise, or cleo.ve asunder, aroganya ; they are divided into groups or parties, -di beilwe dikofiwakofiwane; to become divided or broken, kgaoga. DIVIDING LINE, A. :Motsilo.. DIVINATION. 'l"iiii. DIVINE. Semodimo (hybrid). DIVINER, A. Moloi. DIVINITY. Modimo toto.; bomo dimo (hybrid). DIVISION. As in arithmetic, teko.nyeco; a part of anything, lekgathi ; a division between two rows, motsilu.; a division

PAGE 81

between people, kgaogano, kgakgamologano, khamologo; a division, or chapter, kgaolo. DIVORCE, A. Tlhalanii. 'l'o divorce, tlhala; to be divorced, tlhalwa ; a writing of divorce, lokwalii loo tlhalanii. DIZZY. To be dizzy or giddy, dimokana ; I am dizzy, ke ehwerwe ke sedidi. DIZZINESS, Sedidi. Do, To. Diha. To do for, dihela; to have to do with, ikama ; what do you do ? u dihaii ? do you read ? a ua bala ? you do not read, ga u bale, ga ua bala ; do I not read ? u. ga kea bala ? a ga ke bale P do not go away, u se ketla u tsamaea, u se tsamae ; do not steal, u se ucwe ; do not let it be thought, a go se gopolwe ; do not do thus, u se diM yalo ; do so diha yalo dihaii yalo what was he doing? o la a dihaii ? o la a diha eii ? DoCILE. (Of people), bori; docile (of animals), bokgwabo. DociLITY. B.ori; bokgwaho. DocToR, A. Naka; moalahi. To doctor, alaha ; to doctor a per son so as to protect him from danger, upClela. DoCTORING, A. Kalahu ; kahthi ; boiiaka. DocuMENT, A. Lokwalii. DoDGE. To dodge, so as to avoid or escape, tila, themelekana, relela. DoERSLAG. Senwedi. DoG, A. Nca, pt dinca; mpsa, Int.. A dog, as distinguished from a bitch, seheke ; a lean, starved dog, mokgara; an old and poor dog, motau; a wild dog, leteane, lekanyana., le tlhalerwa. ; to scratch a hole, as a dog, hata ; a sleeping place of a dog, or a hole s.cratched in the ground, kutla; to pqap a.t, as a. dog, kgogogllla ; to 'anal> as a. dog, kgogoga; to 79 copulate (of u. dog), heka ; to copulate (of a bitch), hekwu.; to be angry, as a dog, tlhonya; to doctor a dog so as to make it fierce, galodisa; the medicine for making a dog fierce, kgalola; a dog's lying-in place, serubi; a little dog, ncana; the dog is angry, nca e tlhontse. DoGGED. A dogged or sullen person,leiioiiobi; to be dogged, khutloga. DoLL, A. Sechwancho ; pope (hybrid). DoMINEEit, TO. Dipahala. A domineering persou, modipa, miiriitiilwe. DoMINION, TO HAVE. Busa. DoNE. You have done well to come, u yahile u tie ; to be done, or happen, dihala. Dool!. To doom to evil, hutsa. Doou., A. Secwalii. Doorway, u, moyakii, kgiirii, phata ; a doorpost, moyakii; a doorstep, serepudi ; the lintel of a door, searamo, phakii ea moyako ; at the door, ha moyakii ; to open an English. made door, bula; to open a Secwana door, aegolola ; to shut an English door, cwala; to shut a 8ec wana door, aega; to lean to, or be partially closed (of a door), phekalega; to go in u.t a door, tsena ka kgiiro; to rap a door once, khwanya, kgwanya, konya ; to rap at a door again and again, khwanyakhwanya, kgwanyakgwanya, konyakonya. DORMANT, TO DE, Riibala. Dor; A. Selabe, DOTAGE, TO J,IE IN, Gokgahula, DouBLE. 'l'o double or crimp up, hutaganya ; to become doubled up, or bent: up, as fingers in illness, kgiiriipana ; to double or turn round, menoga. Dounr. Pelaeiii, hkabalii. To doubt, or doubt about, belaela., belaela; to doubt, or be be

PAGE 82

so wiluered between two opinions, akabala ; to doubt as to the mea.ning of wha.t one hears, etsaetsega; to cause to doubt ns to the mea.ning of what one hea.rs, etsaetsa.; to doubt or hesitate wha.t to do, kgaratscga.; to cn.use to doubt or hesitate, kga.ratsa ; no doubt, gogwa giina., ka gona., aitse, kwa o giina., Int.; to be in doubt as to a. path, akabadiwa. ke tsela, nkgaakgega kaga tsela ; they doubted him, ba le ba mmelacla.; he will don bt about God, o tla belaela. Mouimo. DomnAnr,E, To Belaesega; belaetsega. DouBTEII, A. Mmelaha.di. DOUBTFUL. See Dou111'. nounuuLNEss. Kgakgaakgcgo. Douon. A lump of dough, leribi. DovE, A. Lephoi. A rock dove, or pigeon, letseba, leeba, leeba.rope ; a small dove with long ta.il, malommi, tseberu; to coo, as a dove, kuruetsa. DovETAIL, TO. Lomana,loma.gana. DowN OF Pons. Boboea. 'l'o take down, pagolola, lesholola. DowNCAST. To be downcast or fearful, nyera marapii ; he is downcast, o nyerile marapii. DoWNWARDS. Kwatlhatshe,kwa tlhase. Downr, A. Bogadi. Dozli:. 'l'o doze, or keep quite still, ipiitla. DIIAG. 'l'o drag a thing along the ground, kgobodisa, giiga, kgokgomisa, kgokgothisa; a mark made by a thing dragged along the ground, mogiiga ; to drag another back, kgothela; to drag bushes 'along the ground, goga ; to drag bushes with oxen, kgobola; to drag a person along the ground, kgokgothisa. DRAGGLE, TO, Kgokgotha. DRAW, TO. Giiga. To draw matter out of a sore, gopa; to dtnw or cause to ripen, as a boil, budusa; to draw out, or pull ont, khumola; to draw out, o.s a knife out of a sheath, shomola. ; to draw water, ga ; to draw in, as a leg after having been stretched out, namoga ; to draw in or back, as an arm, eto., gona; to draw back, so as to avoid something, tila, sisimoga; to draw back, as the head after peeping out, gonyetsa; to draw oneself up tightly, as when lying down, ikhutaganya; to draw people together, kgatlhanya batho; to draw water for, gcla ; to draw water into for, gclelela; to draw, or pull out, as a pole, tlhomola; to draw out a dis ease with the mouth, as a heathen doctor, dupa; to draw water by degrees from a weak chwapetsa; to draw up the mouth of a bag by a string let into it, gogwanya; to draw together things threaded on a string, gosetsa. DRAWING OUT, A. Chomolii. DnEAD. Poboranii; therishii. To dread, boborana; to rega.rd with a superstitious dread, ila.. DREADFUL. Boitshilga. DnEAM, A. Toro. To dream, or dream about, liira ; he dreamt about food, o la a lora diyo. DREAMER, A. Mo!ori. DnEGS OF LIQUID. Thothi; phophi. Dregs of fat after melting, bogoko; dregs of beer after cooking, dintshe. DRENCH. To cause to drink, nosa; to make wet, kolobetsa. DRENCHED. See SATURATE. DRENCHING, A causing to drink, monoshii. DRESS. To dress, apesa, a,para; to dress oneself, apara, ikapesa; to dress smartly, kgaba; to dress the hair, hiira .i to take off a dress, apola; an article of

PAGE 83

dress, seaparii, pZ. diaparii ; a woman's dress, or frock, moses. DRIBBT.E. To dribble as a child, chologa matbe. DRIED. 'l'o become dried, iimelCla ; to become dried or parched, as a throat, kga kgabala.; dried ditlhetlhwa berries, cbwabi; dried meat or fruit, losbwabii. DRIFT, A. See FoRD. DRILL A HOLE, TO. Hetlha. DRINK, '1'0. Nwa. To cause to drink, nosa; a drink, noo ; to give each other to drink, nosanya; to drink or sip any thing bot with a noise, goduma; to drink a little or take a mouthful, hupa ; to drink a little again and again, hupCla ; to drink, or swallow quickly, kampetsa, kala.metsa; to drink greedily, or gulp, kgatholela; he will make htm drink it, o tla e mo nosa ; to drink or lap, as a cat, la.cwa; to drink as a dog, tlbabuketsa; to drink by throwing water into the mouth, kapetsa ; to drink while kneel ing or lying down tiimana. DRINKER OF BEER, A. Monwa boyalwa; monwi oa boyalwa. DRINKING. A drinking, or drink, noi>; a drinking vessel, senweio; drinking vessels, dilo tse di nwclaii.. DRIP. 'l'o fall in drops, rotha. DRIVE, TO. Kgwetsa; to drive out, or oust, rolola; to drive away, or chase, lcleka ; to drive from the garden, lelcka mo tshimoii; to drive to and fro, kgamkgatsha; to drive loose cattle and small things, gatelela dikgomo le dilo ; to drive away with contempt, koba ; to drive away with imgasakanya; to drive up in clouds, as locusts, birds, etc., kuulola; to drive into a corner or enclosed svace, 81 patikcla; to drive animals to one side, so as to keep them from others, phaila; to drive along with others,kgokgweetsa; to drive slowly or carefully, pepetletsa ; to drive away a large number, budula; to drive fast or overdrive, pbuela, kho bakhobisa, kgotlbakgotlbisa. DRIVER, A. M.okgwetsi. DRIVING, A. Kgweco. A driving away, te!ekii. DRIZZLE, 'fO. Na medupe. DRONE, A. Oa bobodu, DaoP, A. Thothi; phophi. A large drop, as of rain, lero thodi; to drop, or drip, rotha; to drop in, as oil, etc., logetsa; to drop or slip from the band, relela ; I dropped oil into sore, ke le ka logetsa ntho ea gagwe; to drop or pour down, as honey from a tree, perspira tion, etc., ela. DROPSY. Pobolii ea metse. DROSS OF IRON, etc. Lenyelii. DitoUGH'l', Leuba. DROVE. To go in a drove, kgoula; a drove of pigs, spring bucks, etc., serapa; a drove of zebras, or other' animals, letlbape ; a drove of oxen, matlhape ; a drove of goats, marele ; a drove of goats and sheep mixed, marele, dihu tshane ; a drove of sheep, lecomane, lecomana, dihu tshane; a small drove of sheep, lecofiwane ; a drove of lambs, loonyana; a drove of kids, lobotsane; a drove of harte beests, lotlhaka ; a drove of blesbucks, mosctlba; a drove of ostriches, lokhukhwa. DROWN' '1'0. N wela. 'l'o cause to drown, nwedisa; they were drowned in the sea, ba lo ba nwOia mo lewatleii. DauM, A. Moropa. To beat a drum, letsa moropa. DRUNK. I have drunk, ke nole : the water will be drunk, metse

PAGE 84

a tlo. nowa; he is becoming drunk, o tagwa. ; he is drunk, o tagilwe ; to make drunk, o.s beer, etc., tago.; to cause to be drunk, tagisa; that which makes people drunk, se se tagaii ba.tho ; those who mo.ko people drunk, ba ba tagisa.ii batho. DRUNKARD. Motagwi; letagwo.; motagwa. DRUNKEN. To rave, as a drunken man, phokelCla; to be silly, as a. drunken man, tlhapclwa. DRUNKENNESS. To.gu ; botagii; boto.gwa.. Dltr. To become dry, iimo., umclcla, omelcla. ; to cause to dry, omisa; to become a little dry, as a wet skin, a plastered wall, etc., phaphalala, mana; to makE' a. little dry, phapha latsa ; the skin is dry, letlalii le manne ; the skin has been dried by the sun, letlalii le ma.ntsicwe ke letsatsi ; to dry up, or become parched, kga kgabala; to dry up or make parched, kgakgabatsa; to dry up, as water, cha; the water is dried up, metse a chele ; to dry .up, or cease running, kgala.; to dry up, as a milch cow, husa. ; to dry up, or cause to be dry, as sores ; pbaphalatsa.; to be dry (of a. thirsty mouth), bataolcga ; to dry, or become dried up (of a sore), gamoga; dry and hard, as a skin, or rhiem, kwatlapa; to dry up, as by blotting paper, omisa; a dry and waterless country, lokgcrc ; dry makatane or fruit, lofiafiale; dry, or dried meat and fruit,loshwabii. DJtrNESS. KomClelii. DUBBEJ,JE PLANT. MosctlhU. Dubbelje thorn, tshCtlbo. DucK, A. Pelepele (hybrid). A wild duck, sehudi ; a young wild duck, sehotsana. 82 DuE, A. ChwanC!ii. DuG, To BECOME. Epcga. To become dug up, epologa. DuLL. They are dull of hearing, ba kabetse dit.sc be. Du.MB. He is dumb, o semumu; a dumb person, semumu; a. dumb spirit, miiea oa semumu; he was dumb, o la a le semumu ; the dumb, ba bomumu ; a dumb ass, esela e e semumu; to be dumb or silent when spoken to, tuulala; he is dumb or silent, o tuuletse molomo; o tumotsc molomo. DUMBNESS. Bomumu. DUMPY. Sepoa; matlaba.. DuN. To come again and again, boaboela. DuNFLY, A. Seboba. DuNG. Wet cattle dung, boloko; dry dung, or dust in hall, lechotelo, mochotelii ; a cake of dry dung, sebi, pl. dibi; a lump of dry dung dug out of krall, bubi, pl. mabi; dung of sheep, goat, etc., thokiilii, pl. dithokolo; dung of human beings, masepa, mashepa ; soft dung of fowls, botute; hard dung of fowls, masepa; a lump of prepared dung for plastering, leribi ; to drop dung (of animals), nycla; to place under dung, as a skin for softening, tshelela; first dung of a calf, tilane. DUNGHILL, A. Thutubudu, DURABLE. Thata. DusK. Lotlatlana. DusT. Lorole. Much dust, dithole ; fine dust, loroyana ; fine dust, or powder, loupa, pl. dikupa; a pillar or cloud of dust, khonofi ; clouds of dust raised by high wind, dikudwane; very large clouds of dust, disetlana ; to throw up, or cast up dust, kubucla lorole; to come out, as dust when a skin is beaten, kuba. DusTER, A. Sephimolii:

PAGE 85

DusTY. To be dusty or dirty, kgiina. Dun. Chwanelii. DWARF ,A. Mokhutshanyane; kem ponyeketlaka.ka.e. A dwarfed or stumpy person, sepoa; to become dwarfed, or less, iiiitlahala. 83 DwELL. To be, nna ; to build, aga; where do you dwell? u agile kae? Dwll:LLER. A dweller by the 1-iver, seaga molapoii. DWELI.ING. A house, ntlo ; a dwelling place, boagii, bonno; a home, legae. DYE, To. Hetola meba.la; the dye from a new cloth when first washed, papa. DYING. To be dying (of an animal), gonoga; a dying animal, or newly-planted tree, etc., sekashwa. DYNAMITE. J>aenama.it'(hybrid). DYSENTERY. To have dysentery, taboga. madi ; tshaba madi; nyela ditede ; blood passed in dysentery, lotede, pl. ditede. E. EACH. Nwe le iiwe, with the particles. Each person, motho moiiwe le moiiwe; each sheep, nku iiwe le iiwe; to kill each other, bolaa.na; to hate each other, ilaua ; they give each other fault, ba neelana molato. EAGER. To be eager, or in earnest, tlhoahala ; to be eager for, gakalela; I am eager for war, ke gaka.letse ntwa ; to be eager to have, or to long for something one has had before, tlhologelela; I am eager to see it, ke tlhologelecwe ke go se bona; I was to see it, ke le ka tlhologeJel wa ko go se bona. EAGLE. An eagle or vulture, letlaka, lenoii ; eagles, mauoii, malelakokwane ; a large white eagle, dishiiwane, pl. bodishO wane; a large blaek eagle with white breast, bibiii. EAR, AN. Tsebe. The inner hole of an ear, tlhoka; wax in the eat, ditlhoka ; a protuber ance under the ear of a stout person, leiiana ; a ring for the ear, lenyena; to ring or buzz as the ears, shuma; to lead by the ear, shonola; to close one's ears ikaba ditsebe, itsiba di to open the ear, kabolo la tsebc ; to close the ear, tsiba tsebe; to give ear to, reetsa; a hanging ornament in the ear, letlatla; an animal with a small piece cut out of its ear, leshushu; an animal with a good deal of its ear cut off, lesibi ; an ox with one or both ears cut right off, kgomo ea boriniti; to incline the ear, inega tsebe ; an ear of corn, seako ; an inferior ear of corn, 11ehare. EARLY. Early in the morning, ka go !ale gale, ka go sale mosho ; to rise early, cogela, phakela ; to start early, phakela; I rose early to go there, ke le ka cogelC!a gona. EARN, To. ltimisetsa. I have earned it, ke se itimiseditse ; to earn or gather money for the children, bapalela bana madi. EARNEsr. To be in earnest, tlhoabala ; to be earnest for, galmJ.Ola, tlbOaha.lela ; to be in earnest about doing, tlhonama; he lis earnest in his work, o tlhonametse tihO ea gagwe ; an earnest, or pledge, pee!elo, sebee!e!o; an earnest one, mo tlhoahadi. EARNESTLY. Katlhiiaha.lo. Ve hemently, ka kgaka.lo. EARNESTNESS, Tlhiiahalo. EARTH, THE. Lehatshe. Soil, mbu; black earth, seloko; a lump of earth turned up by

PAGE 86

plough or spade, lckotc, lc kwctc; I will throw earth on it, or cover it with earth, ke tla se katcla ka mbu. EARTHEN VESSELS, or pottery. Diyana tsa mmopi. EARTHLY. Sehatshe (hyh1id). EARTHQ,UAKE, AN. Thoromo ea lehatshe. EARTHWORM, AN. Seboko. EASE. Boiketlo. Ease from a burden, tapolosho; to he at ease, iketla; to cause to he at ease, iketlisa, lapolosa. EASIER. Which IS easier, etc., go heho gohe, etc. ; it is easier, go heho. EASILY. Ka boheho. Gently, ka bonolo; slowly, ka bonya; one easily imposed upon, mae rcgo. EAST, THE. Botlhabatsatsi, kVI;a tlbase, Int. EASY. It is quite easy, go bo heho hela ; it is easy, ga se thata, go monate ; it is not easy, go thata; to take it easy, iketla, ineneketsa; an easy going one, maeregii ; he is easy going, o mosetla; he takes it easy, o mosetla. EA'l', 1'0. Ya. To eat up, or swallow, metsa; I have eaten, ke yelc; it will be eaten, se tla yewa; to eat corn, etc., fro.m the hand, ikhoha ; to eat very much, tliitlopa, shumela, shu shura, shushutsa; to eat fast, huta, bOha; to eat up all the food, ya mata ; he has eaten up all the food, o yele mata ; to eat the first piece in token of superiority, ya moraholii; eat on the sly something that has been stolen, ya nkaho ; eat on the sly, ycla thiikii ; to eat something watery, with a noise, tha.mutsa; to eat sparingly, or in a mincing manner, tlonka tlonka., sinama; to eat a little, or whet the appetite, ntaca 11' a the ; to eat into holes, or 84 eat holes into, kgautla; to eat together, go ya mmiigo ; to eat of each other's food, go yalana. EA'l'ABLE1 THAT WHICH IS. Se se yewaii. EATING. Eating vessels or utenRi!s, dilii tse di yclaii ; an eat ing place, boyclo. EAVES. Underneath the eaves, or overhanging roof of a native house, masenamelo. EnB. 'fo return, boea; to dry up, cha. EcHo, AN. Karabo. To echo, araba ; the rocks echo, go araywa mayc. EcLIPSE, AN, Thibalo; phihalii. 'l'o become eclipsed, thibala, hihala. EcoNoMICAL, To nE. Nomaela. EDDY, AN. Tikologo. To eddy, dikologa. EDGE. 'fhe edge of an axe, bo yetla, bogale ; a weak and flexible edge of a knife, boyebu ; the edge of a bank, losi ; white edge or border of a kaross, peeledi; two edged, magale mabedi. EDIBLE. It is edible, sea yewa. Emc-r. A command, taolo; a law, molaii. 'EDIFICATioN. KagclC!o. EDIFICE, AN. Kagii. EDIFY, TO. .Agclcla. EDUCATE, TO. Rut a. EDUCATION. Thuto. EFFACE. To wipe oft', phimola; to take away tloea. EFFECT, TO. Diha. To become of none effect, dihi\gela lebCla. EFFERVESCE, TO. Chachanycga, shashanyega. EFFICIENT, '1'0 BE. Nonoba. EFFIGY, AN. Sechwanchii. EFFORT, AN. Tekii. To make an effort, leka, icholra; I will make an effort to go, ke thL leka go ea, Ire tla ichoka go ea. Marai1. Eoo, AN. Lee, mae. A large egg, letsae ; an egg laid

PAGE 87

.outside the nest, or one re maining unhatched after the rest are hatched, lekhue ; an addled egg, lekhue ye le bodi leil; the white of an egg, khwaan; the yolk of an egg, tlaee; the shell of an egg, or piece of egg shell, lokhadu, pl. dikhadu; an empty ostrich egg shell, mogopo; to sit on eggs, elama. EIGHT. Go bcra menwana e le mebedi. Eight people, batho ba hiira e le me bedi. EIGHTEEN SHEEP. Din]m di shorn/) di cwa ka di hem menwana e le mebedi. EIGHTH, '!'HE. Ea bo hera e le mebedi. EITHER. Either this or that, leha e le se, kgotsa sele. EJECT. To eject in a stream, buganya, chabanya ; to cast out, Iatlhegela kwa ntle. ELAND, AN. Phohu. A troop of elands, mohohu. ELAPSE, '1'0. Heta. l!:L BOW. An elbow, or the elbow bone, sekgono ; an elbow, se gakabaeii, seyabana; the hol low inside the elbow, kgodu gochwane; to elbow, khutla; to press, or rub the chest or side with an elbow, segitletsa. ELDER, AN. Mogolo,mogolwane. The elder of them, mogolo oa bona. ELDES'l' CHILD, l'HE. Nwana oa burure. ELECT, TO. ltshenkcla. ELECTRICITY. 1.'ladi. ELEPHANT, AN. 1.'lou. A small kind of elephant, lekolon kwane ; the trunk of an ele phant, seiopo, selopa; the tusk of an elephant, lonaka ; to trumpet, as an elephant, there betsa ; to trumpet as an angry elephant, kgayaycga; a young elephant, seokana. ELEMENTS OP KNOWLEDGE, THE. Ditlhaka tsa thuto. 85 ELEVATE. To lift up, choletsa; to exalt, godisa. ELEVEN. Eleven sheep, dinku di shome di_cwa ka fiwe hCla. ELOPE, TO. Nwega. ELSE. Or else I will buy, nka tla ka rcka. ELSEWHERE. Go sele, ka go sele. He went elsewhere, a ea go sele. EMACIATE. To emaciate, or cause to be emaciated, tlhora ; to become emaciated, tlhorega, bopama; an emaciated person, or animal, setolc, Iowa ; an emaciated child, calf, etc., se royana. EMACIATION. Borole, popamo. JilMANCIPAl'E, 1.'o emancipate him (of a servant}, mo naea bogosi, mo naea kgosi, mo the lesetsa, mo rebola. EMBELLISH, TO. Kgaba. Elimm, AN. Legala. A large ember, sesikalala, Int. A national emblem, sebiiko, Int. EMBBACE, 1'0. Kampa. To em brace mutually, kampana; to embrace by laying hold of with hands, tlamparela. EMBROCA'rE, TO. Sedila. EMBROIDER, ro. Goma. EMERGE, ro. Cwa. 'l'o come out suddenly, photsega. EMIGRATE, TO. Huduga. EMPIRE. Bogosi. EMPTY. Lolea. It is empty, se !olea ; empty (of a sack), le shwashupa; empty, or empti ness from hunger, logaba. ENABLE, TO. Nonotsha. ENCAMP, ro. Tlhaolela. ENCAMPMENT, AN. Botlhao]i\lo. An encampment of waggons arranged for oxen to sleep in the centre, mosako. ENCIRCLE. See SURROUND. ENCLOSE. To enclose by a hedge, bea. ENCOMPASS, TO. Dikanyetsa. To be encompassed by, di-

PAGE 88

ka.nyedicwe ke ; the wall will encompass the town, lorako lo tla potonoga motse. ENCOURAGE, TO, N ametsa; kgwa. thatsa. 'l'o be encoumged, na metsega, nametshCga ; to feel encout;tged, namela. ENCOURAGEMENT. Nametsego, kgwathacho. 86 END, AN. Bokhutlo; sekhutlo; bohi'llelo; bohClo ; bowel<'>. To come to an end, khutla; to end or finish, or make an end of, wetsa ; to come to an end, as a time or work, aloga ; to come to an end, as years,, wela ; when they are ended, di sena go wela; to end, or come to an end, hela; it will end where it will end, e tla hCla kwa e tla helelafi gona ; to endure to the end, ichOkela bokhutloii ; to the end of the world, kwa bohelofi yoa lehatshe ; without end, ka bosenabokhutlo, ka bosakhutlefi ; without end or limit, sedikadiki, sedikwadi kwi ; the end, or point of a thing, ntlha. ENDEARMENT. A term of en dearment, or a pet name, mo reto. J.lNDEAVOUR,.TO. Leka. ENDLESS. Se se seuafi bokhutlii, sedikadiki. ENDURE, TO. Boga. To restrain oneself, ichoka; to endure per secution, ichOkela pogishO ; a person who is able to endure fatigue, etc., motho eo pelo ea gagwe e kgwaraletseii ; to en dure to the end, ichokC!a bo khntloii. ENEMA, TO GIVE AN. Thulega. ENEMY, "'N. Mmaba, pZ. baba. A hostile army, dira. ENERGE'riC. Kwanatlo.. ENGAGE. To engage a servant, laletsa; to call to help in work, thapa. ENGAGED, See BETROTH. ENGINE, Setimela (hybrid). ENGLISH. Sa sekgoa, sa sekhou.. 'l'he English language, puii ea Seeiieles (hybrid). ENGLISHMAN, AN. Lekhoa, le kgoa, moefielcsman (hybrid). ENGRAVE, 1'0, Seta. ENGRAVER, AN. Moseti, ENGRAVING, AN. 'l'setii. A picture, sechwanchii; an engrav ing tool, moseto. ENGROSSED. I am engrossed hy work, ke kakilwe ke tihO, ke kakegile. ENJOYMENT. Pleasure, boitumelo; noisy mirth, tlhape!o. ENLARGE. To enlarge, as a house, hole, etc., khutlolola, pitlolosa, pitlonosa ; enlarge by removing a sekhutlo, khu. tlola ; to enlarge by removing a pitlagano, pitlolosa ; to en large by making higher, godisa; to enlarge by adding to, oketsa; to become enlarged, phu thologa. ENLIGHTEN, TO. Bonesa. ENMrrY. Kilo. To cherish en mity, ila ; to be at enmity with each other, lotlhaua. ENNUI. Bodutu. I am op pressed by ennui, ke yewa ke bodutu. ENOUGH. To be enough, lekana; it is enough, go lekanye ; is it. not enough P a ga goa lekana P that which is enough, se se le kanyeii ; it is not enough, ga goa lekana ; it is enough for ns and you, go lekanye le Iona. ENQ,UIRE, TO. Botsa. I will enquire of them, ke tla ha bo tsisa; to enquire into, botsisa; to enquire into carefully, loto lotsa. ENQUIRER, or Catechumen, an, Moipobodi. ENRICH, TO. Humisa, ENSAMPLE, AN, Sekaii. ENsNARE, To. Raela. EN'l'ANGLED. To become entangled aa string, ete., kgwe.

PAGE 89

87 leagana; to become entangled, or jumbled up, tlhakatlhakana. ENTER, To. 'l'sena. They have entered, ba tsenye ; to enter by force, rolola. 'l'o take care of, tlamcla; to supply, thelesa, phumusa; we entertained them, re le ra ba thelesetsa, re le ra ba phumusetsa. ENTICE. Hepa; oka. To entice to war, hepisa ntwa; entice to speak, hepisa mahoko. ENTIRELY. Gotlhe. EN1'IRE1'Y. Boyotlhe. ENTRAILS. See BOWEL. ENTRANCE, AN. Botseno. ENTREAT, TO. Rapela. 'fo be. come entreated, ,rapelescga. ENVIOUS, TO BE. Nofiorega. To covet, iphetlha; to be envious of, or grumble at a person's things, tenegela dilo tsa motho; he will become envious, pelo ea gagwe e tla tshCtlhahala. ENVY, or ENVIOUSNESS. Bope lotshCtlha; pelotshCtlha. 'l'o envy, see ENVIOUS; envyings, maipbetlhO .. EPILEPTIC. An epileptic fit, mo fiatego, kidibalo; to have an epileptic fit, idibala; he is epi leptic, o tla ne a idibale ; those who are epileptic, ba ba tleii. ba idihale. EQ.UAL. To become equal, or like, chwana, lekana, lekale kana ; to make equal, or mea sure, lekanya; to make oneself equal with, itekanya le; to be equal to, or abreast of him, bapa nae; to make equal, OL' put on the same level, bapisa; equal to, or able for, nonohela ; you have made them equal to us, u ba lekantse le rona. ERADICATE. To destroy, senya; to pull out, khumola, shomola. EaE. Ere they went away, ba e se ba tsamae. ERECT. To makestift', paralatsa; to build, aga ; to e1-ect, as a springbuck the hair on its back, cwetla, sheshemolola; to be erect, or rough, as the hair of an angry dog, tlhonya; to be come erect, or stiff, paralala. ERGOT. Medicine used as ergot of rye, magoromecho. EaR, ro. Leoha. 'l'o stray, timela; to be crooked, shokama; to err in doing work, atlahala. EaRoa, AN. Teohii; timelo. A fault, molato; a deceit, tsieco. ERUCT, '1'0. Kgobola. ERUCTATION. An acid eruct."t tion, leshiikolela. EaUP1'ION. An eruption on tbo body, mochwa, marokomologii, mokwane ; to break out in an eruption, shwatoga, rokomolo ga, tutumologa ; the eruption of measles, thutl wa. EscAPE. To flee, tshaba, ii.wega; to break away from, betsega; halola, chemoga ; to be de livered from danger, tbelela ; to dodge, thllmelekana; he had a narrow escape, or he escaped by the skin of his teeth, o la a cwa ka lechoha ya mogodu; to escape from, halola; to cause to escape, halodisa; an escape, or escaping, phalolo. EscoRT. 'l'o escort or accom pany a little way at starting, buledisa ; an escort, or com pany, mophato. EsPJ<:CIA LLY. Bogolo. EsPY. To espy, as people in hiding, kwaa. EsTABLISH. To make firm, tlho mamisa ; to establish a dis puted question, by inquiring mto it, tlhotlhomisa; to estab lish oneself, itlhoma. EsTEEM. To honour, tlotla ; to regard'as, kaea ; to esteem one self, or be puffed up with pride, horega; self-esteem, boitlotlo, ESTIMATE. To count, bala; it may be estimated at so much, go kana ka bokalo.

PAGE 90

EsTR.\NGE, To become estranged, or be at a distance from each other, katologana. ErcETEII.\, Efi le efi; le efi le efi. E'I'ERN.\L. Eternal life, botshelii yo bo sa khutlefi. ETERNITY. Ka bosenabokhutlo. EuNUCH. See B.\RREN. An offi cer, !.ala ea kgosi. Ev.\DE. ro slip away or dodge, thernclekana. EVAPOlt.\TE, TO. Cha. NVEN. Smooth, boreledi; flat, sepapetla ; even now, hela y11n11, le l

PAGE 91

le ba helel wa ka metse; to be exhausted, iiodiega ; to sink down exhausted, koama; pha rama; to be very tiret!, phu ega. EXHIBIT, TO. Bontsha. l!:XIS"l'. 'l'o be, nna ; we still exist, re sa leeii, re sale giina. ExiT. A place of exit, bocii. EXPAND. See SWELL. ExP.-tNSE, AN. Bobididi; boe diedi. ExPECT, To. Lebelela. To ex pect, or look out for with cer tainty, kiiba pelo; cause to look out for with certainty, kobisa pelo. EXPECTATION. Tebelelii; kobi. shiipelo. 89 EXPECTORATE, TO. Kgwa. ExPEL. To drive away, leleka; to banish, hudula ; to cause to remove one's residence, hudu tsha. EXPERIENCE. To be experienced in, or accustomed to, tlwaelwa; an experience, tlwaelii; a self trial, boitekii ; an occurrence, tihalii, tihahalii. ExPERl'. He is expert, o senatla; they are expert, ba dinatla. EXPERTNESS. Bonatla. ExPLAIN, m. Phutholola ; to explain or rehearse, tlhatlologanya; to explain, or unravel, rarabolola. EXPLANATION, AN. Phuthololii. EXPOSE. 'l'o reveal, sinosa; to expose oneself, or be naked, ichaia ; to be exposed, or made visible, biinalesega ; to be in decently exposed, tumusa, go sa ikatega; go sa cwale, ichata. EXPOUND '1'0. Phutholola. NX'l'END. 'l'o spread out, atla bala ; to cause to move back, katosa; to become widely ex tended, or spread out, peno loga. EXTENSIVE. Bobidibidi. To be. come extensive, atlabala. EXTENT. Katlabalii. EXTERliiNATE. To destroy, se nya ; sweep off, laila ; to kill a large number, gaila. ExrtNGUISH, 1'0. 'l'ima. To ex tinguish a fire by knocking it about, cupuetsa ; to become extinguished, or go out, tima; it is becoming extinguished, oa tima; the candle is extin guished, lobiine lo timile. ExToL, TO. Haka. 'l'o praise in song, baka. ExTORT, TO. Gapa. To extort from, gapela. EXTORTION. Kgapii. EXTRAC'r. See 'l'AKI!: OuT. Ex-rRAVAGANCE. Bohahalele. ExTRAVAGANT. To squand3r, saha ; he is extravagant, o se hahalele. EXTRICATE. To set free, golola; to pull out, ntsha. EXUDE, TO. Nnya; kga; tshi tlha. EYE, AN. Leitlhii. Eyes, mai tll:tii; matlhii ; white ofthe eye, nyetse ea leitlhii ; pupil of the eye, thaka ea leitlhii ; corner of the eye, nyoitlhii ; white speck in an eye, tlhaka ; small purulent sore, or white speck in an eye, moleka ; any small thing in an eye, selabe ; a cata. ract in the eye, lotha loa leitlhii; bone over and round the eye, kgapa; to close an eye, bata leitlhii ; to bat or wink an eye, bonya ; to bat the eyes, bonya bonya ; to take a thing out of an eye, hatlholola ; to take a thing out of an eye with a tongue, laba ; to be painful, as a11 eye, galaka ; ointment for tb.e eye, chola; to open an eye or eyelids, with the fingers, petlosa; the hollow left by a lost eye, kgapa; to open the eyes, budulola, apola ; when his eyes were opened, o rile a buduloga matlhii ; he opened his eyes, a budulola matlhii; to open the eyes wide, hamola,

PAGE 92

phantsha mat!Lu, bilola matlhu; to become opened, as eyes, bn duloga ; to cause the eyes to shut, budulatsa; to shut one's eyes, ipudulatsa matlho ; the eyes are shut, matlho a budu letse; to become shut, as eyes, budulala; they have shut their eyes, ba ipuduladitse matlho; to lift up the eyes, or look up, lelala ; to cover the eyes with lids and look down, l'ibega matlho ; to fix the eyes u pun him, tlhoma matlho mo go ena, mo kalela matlbo, mo tlhahetsa ka matlho, mo tsepe gela matlho, mo gorolcla matlho, mo gobolcla matlho, mo gotolela matlhO; to shade the eyes with the hand when look ing, itsheka segano; a poke or screen for the eyes, losire ; to twinkle, as eyes, nyedima ; to drop medicine into eyes, lo getsa; to look aside or round, with eyes turned down, toba; to be weary, as eyes with look ing, kalega; to be heavy, or closing, as eyes through sleepi ness, bokalala; to be inflamed, as chronic sore eyes, kgetlega ; to be large or projecting, as eyes, rotoga; large staring eyes, matlho a dikala, matlho a makalaba; weak-sighted eyes, matlbo a bori ; eyes readily cast down, matlho a bol'i; for getful eyes, matlbo a boroko ; watery eyes, matlho a makgc me; sore eyes lengthened out at the corners, and black un derneath, matlhO a diphina; weakness, or. soreness of eyes in children, mone. EYEBROW, AN. Losi, pl. dintshi. EYEn. A weak-eyed person, sehoohwana; a one-eyed person with one eye useless, moitlho ; a. one-eyed person, with one eye wanting, mogapa. EYELASH, AN. Losi. EYELID, AN. Losi. To lift the 90 eyelids in order to tu.ke out something, petlosa, hatlholola. F. FABI,E. A parable, sechwanci; a tradition, tlhamane ; an idle tale, leinane. FACE. 'l'he part just above the eyes, sehatlhogo ; to make the face look sorrowful, shoshoba ganya sehatlhogo; to lie on the face, ribama; to withstand to the far-e, ganetsa mo matlhoit ; to make a wrv face as if about t.o cry, betle.lela, chukhwia; to make a wry face after eat ing something nasty, tsitlama; to fall on the face, wa ku phutla ; to look at each other face to face, le banya dihatlbi) go, lebantsha dibatlhOgo; to avert the face, as in shame or anger, shoshobaganya seha. tlhiigii; the face of the heavens, ponalii ea legodimo. FACTION, A. Lekiikii. FAnE. 'l'o fade, as grass, etc., on a hot day, shwaba; to cause to fade, shwabisa. FAGOTS. Bushes, matlbaku ; branches, dikala; sticks, di kgoii. FAIL. To come short, tlhacla; to fail in, or come short of, tlhaelwa ke; fail of one's pur pose, or intention, hosa ; time will fail me, ke tla tlhaC!wa ke lo baka ; they failed to reach the town, ba le ba tlhacla motse. FAILURE, A. Phosho. A short coming, tlhaelii. FAINT. To faint in sickness, idibala; to fall down insensi ble, iiatega; to be faint from hunger, dimelela; to come to after a faint, idibologa ; to start up trembling after a faint, :ts when one has been sprinkled, tsitsiboga, tsiboga. FAINTING FIT, or FAINT. Mona tego ; kidibalii.

PAGE 93

}'AINTNESS, or Dimness. Looto. FAIR. Beautiful, ntle. It is fair or right, go siame ; it is fair (of a change in the weather), go se le ; a fair, or gathering place, borakanelO. F Al'rH. 'l'umOlii. To have faith, dumcla. FAITHFUL. Boikaiio. Thou hast been faithful, u dihile ka boikaiiii ; to be faithful or be trusted, ikaiiwa. FAITHFULNESS. Boikai1ii, FAITHLESS, TO BECOME, or Un believing. Dumologu. FALCON. See HAWK. FALL, TO. Wa. He has fallen, o ole ; to cause to fall, usa, osa; to fall on the ground as a voluntary act, we!a ha hatshe; to fall from a tree as an in voluntary act, wa mo setlhariii; to fall upon him, mo wela ; to fall short, tlhaela ; to fall down, as atree,goshumetscga; to fall asunder, or be destroyed, salalagana ; to fall down from where one had climbed, reologa; to fall down on the knees, khuchama ka maiiiile ; to make to fall down, diga, goshumet.sa; to fall down on the ground, potokana ;to fall down from above, go wa kwa godimo ; to fall away in principle, tenega ; to fall out or separate, as people, kgaogana ; to fall on the face, wa ka phatla; it has fallen from heaven, se. ole mo legodimoii ; to stumble and be as if about to fall, kgokgwee tsega ; to fall oft', as a scab, kgoboga ; to fall oft', as hair or wool, kutega; to fall off, as leaves, tlhotlhorega ; to fall or be thrown flat on the ground, ba tanyetsega ; to fall off or out, as a piece of a jug, etc., kaboga ; to fall oft', as a piece of plastering, etc., matologa; to fall oft' a precipice, kgokologa; to fall away from stead. 91 fastness,katoganaletlhomamo; fall down or sink down, as an animal from poverty, or a per son from fright, pharama; to fall down, as a weak person or a light thing, phuagana; to fall down, as a heavy body, pirigana ; to fall in, as earth pushed into a hole, phomegela; to fall into a hole, khabuela, shOtlhOmela ; a fall, koii. FALLING, A. Koii. His falling, go wa ga gagwe. FALLOW. Ground ploughed bnt not sown, thobu; garden ground in winter time, lotlha gare ; to plough ground a second time, lema thobu. FALSE, TO BE. Herekana. To make a false statement, here. kana, raraanyetsa; a false person, leherehere; he is false, o leherehere; a false prophet, moperofeti eo e seii ena ; a false accusation, pateleco ; to accuse falsely, pateletsa ; a false witness, moshupi oa l
PAGE 94

FANG, A. Leino,pl. meno. FAR. Kgakala. Far from, kgakala le; far more, bogolo bogolo ; to journey far, iiiala; to become far, kgakahala; to go far away, ikakga; not very far, kgakayana, kgakalanyana ; to feed far, hulcla kgakala ; he moved far from him, a katogana nae. FARNESS. Bokgakala. l!'Aim, A. Naga; plas (hybrid). A farm house, ntlo ea nageii.. FARTHER. Bogolo go, kgakala mo. FASCINATE, TO. As a snake a bird, reta. FASHION. To form, bopa r to become fashioned, bopega. F AS1', 1'0. itima diyo ; ithiba mo diyoii. To hold fast, tshegetsa ; to be fast, as a rag on a wound, ii.amana ; to hold fast, as rust on a lock, ii.amanya; to make fast by wedging or stamping, as a pole in the ground, setlcla; to become fust in a cleft or narrow place, thama ; to break the fast in the morning, hitlhola. FASTEN. To fasten by tying, hunela; to fasten, or bind, golega ; to fasten for, or bind for, golegela; to fasten, or bang about the neck, gokelela mo thamuii. ; to fasten, as a tlag to a pole, gokcla ; to fasten to. gether at the ends, gokaganya. tlhomaganya; to be fastened .together at the ends, gokagana, tlhOmagana ; to fasten or gird round the loins, cwala ; perfect, cwele ; to fasten up a girdle, tseta; to fasten on by pasting, manega; to fasten off in sewing, konela. FA'l'. Mahura. The oil of liquid fat, lookwane ; the dregs of fat after melting, bogoko ; fat enclosing the bowels, lomipi ; fat round a kidney, letlha nama; fat for smearing, locho; 92 hard fat for braying skins, eye salve, etc., chola; fat of bull frogs, mokadi, mekadi; fat on the breast of au animal, bokwcna; to melt out fat, gadika ; to congeal or harden, as fat, gatsela, gakcla; to rub with much fat, homa ; to smear the face with fat when eating, tlhamukctsa; to fizz, as boiling fat, chachanyega; to become fat (of cattle), goma marapii, nona, okola ; it is fat, e nonne, e akotse; a fat one, moanyo; a fat calf, namane e e nonneii, namane, ea moanyii; fat oxen, dikgomo tse di nontsicweii ; the meat is fat, nama e mahura. FATNESS. Boniino. FATHF.R, A. Hara; rara; rra. Fathers, bara, borra ; my .father (if speaking to), hara, rara, rra; my father (if speak ing of)' hare, rare, rre ; thy father, hu.rago; his father, haragwe; Tau's father, rragwe 'l'au, rra 'l'au ; their father, rrabo, rra bona ; our father, rra echo, hara oa chona ; your father, rra eno. FA'rHERINLAW. Aman'sfatherin-law, mogwadi; my father in-law, mogwagadiake; thy father-in-law, mogwagadiago, mogwagadiu; his father-in-law, mogwagadie, mogwagadiagwe ; 'l'au's father-in-law, mogwa gadie Tau, mogwagadia 1'au ; a woman's father-in-law, same as fathet. FATHERLF.SS. A fatherless child, khutsana, lesiela. FA1'IGUE. Tapisho. To be fa. tigued, lapa; to fatigue, lapisa; to sink down from fatigue, koama. F A'l'NEss. Moniino. FAur.T, A. Ma>lato. To attribute a fault to him, mo pega molato ; to find fault with or scold, kgalemela, omanya ; to find fault with or complain, itoka ;

PAGE 95

93 he has no fault, ga aria molato; they found him in fault, ba le ba mmona molato ; to bear a fault or take its consequences, rwala molato ; to find fault or complain, galala. FAvouR., 1.'0. 'l'likictsa; letla. To honour, tlotla; to favour or spare from partiality, rcl
PAGE 96

A stone fence, lorakii, lerakii; to fence or assume an attitude of self -defence, hema. FERHENT. To become leavened, bela ; to fizz, shasbanyega. FERN, A. Patadikgagane. }'EROCIOUS. Savage, bogale ; cruel, setlhogo. FERRY, TO. Kgabagantsha. FERTILE. The soil is fertile, rnbu o bogale. FERVENT, TO DE. Tuka. FERVENTLY. Ka kgakalii. FETCH, 1'0. Lerc. FE"rLOCK. A horse's fetlock, tilatshi. FETIER, A. Kgole ; rnohiri ; kgolegii. A chain, ketane (hybrid). FEUD, A. Kgaii. FEVER, A. Tutumii ; mogote; pobolii ea mogote; pobolii ea mogotelii ; bolwetse yoa mo gote; kiirose (hybrid). To be in a fever, tutuma; climatic or malarial fever, bol wetse. FEw. A few, baiiwenyana, ba nnye, diiiwenyana; a few towns, metse e mennye; a few words, mahoko a ma biitlana; a few names, mainyanana; not a few, bantsinyana ; the reapers are few, barobi ba biitlana, barobi ha bannye; a few things, dilii diiiwenyana; a few fishes, bobiitlana yoa ditlhapi; few words, mahoko a le makhu tshane. Fm, A. Leakanyana. FICKLE. To be changeable, 94 akgaakgega; to alter one's mind without cause, tlhanoga. FICKLENESS. Botlhiikatlhiimamii. FIDDLE, A. Seyolo (hybrid). ;To fiddle, letsa seyolo. FIELD, A. Naga. A garden, tshimo ; a ploughed field, bo lemii, tema. FIERCE. Bogale; bolalome. A fierce, angry man, seganka. FIERCENESS, (Of a warrior), boganka ; cunning fierceness, bolalome. FIERY. A fiery trial, tekii e e gotetsaii. FIFTEEN. Fifteen sheep, dinku di shome di.cwa ka ditlhano, FIFTH, THE. 0a botlhano. FIFTY. Mashome matlhano. FIG, A. Feige (hybrid). A fig tree, setlhare sa mofeige ; a wild fig bush, sethwanye; fruit of the wild fig bush, thwanye. Fwm. To fight, as individuals, lwa; to fight, as armies, tlhabana ; to close in fight, tsikana ; to fight at close quarters or hand to hand, chiichiimela; to fight with the fists, iiata ka macwele, kgotla ka macwele ; to fight against superior numbers, losa; fight one's own battle, itwe!a; to fight with a bull, losa piiii ; to fight or quarrel over, lwela; to fight or tear each other, as dogs or wild animals, thataulana ; to fight for, or assist an ally, tlhabantsha. FIGURE OF SPEECH, A. Sechwa. nchii. FIGURATIVELY. Ka sechwanchii. FILE, A. Shwail (hybrid). 'l'o file or rub down, gotlha; to make smooth, rethehatsa ; to walk in single file, or line, bo pelela : are they walking in single file ? a ba bopeletse ? FILL, '1'0. Tlatsa. To be filled, tladiwa; to fill with, or become filled with, tlala, tlala ka ; the smell filled the house, monkii o lo oa tlala ka ntlo, monkii o lo oa tlala mo tluii; to fill up something which is nearly full already, phopheletsa; to fill up, as a pool with earth, kate setsa, katC!a ; to fill a water vessel, gclcla; to fill up, as a pot in which pumpkin, etc., is boiling, and sinking down, lo kclcla ; to become filled up, as a hollow with soil, kategela; it

PAGE 97

is filled up, e kategetse ; to be come filled, or satisfied with food, kgiira ; he is filled, e kgotshe ; they were filled with auger, ba le ba tlala bogale; the house is filled with, or full of people, ntlo e tletse batho, ntlo e tletse ka batho. FILLING UP, A. Motlacii. :b'ILM. A thin membmne, lotha. 1!'IL1'II. Matladika. Rnbbish, or sweepings, matlakala. FILTHINESS. bobe. All filthiness, mash we aotlbe. FILTHY. Leshwe; mashwC;rnpO; dimpc. Very filthy, makga matha; filthy through being covered with blood, mud, etc., matladika, matapeta. FIN. A side fin of a fish, leciigo ;, fin on a fish's back, moetsc. FINCH, A. Talenyana. FIND, TO. Bona. To find a thing not belonging to oneself, bega, tliika, th wala; to find out, or observe, lemoga ; to find a hiding person, or animal, kwaa, phoroma; to find or come upon, wela; to find out or detect in a fault, phoroma ; to find out, or search into, bo tsisa, tlhotlhomisa ; to find or see, hitlhCla ; to find fault, or complain, galala; to find game that has escaped and died, be ga. FINE. Be:tutiful, ntle; l:trge, tonna; thin, sesane ; very fine, or small, sesanyane ; fine, or soft, as linen, bolet:t; very fine, or small, as beads, los:tg:tmn:t ; fine flour, or meal, seton; a fine, tehii; to fine, lehisa; to pay a fine, leh:t. FINGER, A. Monwana, pl. men wana. The tip of a finger, ntlha ea monwana; a finger joint, tokololo; to poke the tip of a finger into, kgotla ; to dinge in with flat part of a finger tip, tobetsa; to bend 95 down a finger, as in counting, hCra ; to wet a finger and point it at, in auger, kgotletsa; to take between finger and thumb, or take a pinch, hina.; to rub with a finger, bitla; to break into pieces with the fingers, kuma ; to shake a finger at in anger, or so as to defy, thokgo seletsa; the little finger, mon wana oa kgwencche. J!'INISH. To cease, khutla; to cause to cease, kbutlisa ; to make an end of, wetsa, shwe. tsa, hetsa; to finish a work in which one is engaged, digela ; to finish a journey, or arrive, giiriiga; when you have finished this work, u sena go wetsa tihii e ; to become finished or ended, wela; to become fin ished or exhausted, hela ; to become finished, as a time, or work, aloga; the work is fiu. ished, tihii e alogile ; when he had finished these words, a sena go wetsa mahoko a; when the yea.rs are finished, or ended, dinyaga di sena go hela; he finished his teaching by a par able, o la a khutlela thutii ea gagwe ka. sechwanchii. FINISHER, A. Mowetsi. J!'I NISJIJNG, A. Boheco; boweco ; boshweco ; pheco. FINIKIN or FINECAL. To be proud in gait or manner, mo lotwe, bolotwe ; to be dainty in eating, sinama. FmE. Molelo. The lights of many fires, manyediyedi; to fall into a fire, khabue!a. mole Ion ; to light a fire, gotsa mo lelii; to take fire, tuka; to cause a thing to take fire,. as a piece of dry dung, kuketsa; to set fire to anything inflam mable, tlhosetsa; to blow a. fire, bucwcla; to push sticks into, or stir up a fire, kgotletsa; to fan a fire, pnputla ; to ex tinguish a fire, tima; the fire

PAGE 98

is extinguished, or gone out, molelo o timile ; to extinguish a fire by knocking it about, cupuetsa ; to lie or sleep by a fire, thokama, thokamela; to make a large fire, thetha; to take anything off a fire, ogola; to put a pot on the fire, tlha tlaea; to !lame, as a large fire, tutuma; to set on fire, chuba; to set fire to a person's house, chubcla motho ntlo; a moun tain burning with fire, thaba e e shaii molelo ; unquenchable fire, molelo o o sa timei1 ; an enclosure of bushes round a fire, motlaagana. FIREBRAND, A. Logoii loa mo lelo. FIREFLY, A. Sebonesawa. FIREWOOD. To gather firewood, rwalcla ; sticks, dikgofi. FIRM. 'l'o be firm, or firmly fixed, tlhomama ; to make firm, tlhomamisa; to be firm, or steady, sisibala; to make steady, sisibatsa; to make firm by wedging, or knocking in, as a pole in the ground, setlC!a to stand firm and immovable, tsetalala; to make firm, or hold firmly, as a washer a screw, garcla. FIR)IAMENT, THE. Loopi, !ego. dimo, phuthologo ea legodimo. FIRllLY. See FIRM. FmsT. The first, oa ntlha, ntlha, etc. ; at first, pele; first, or at first., simoga; it is first beautiful, bo simoga bo le bo ntlc : the first or foremost, ke tapele ; to be first, or before others, raka. FmsTBORN,A. Nwanaoaburure; iiwana oa boitibolo; iiwana O>L tibola lotha. A firstborn calf, namane ea tibola lotha. FmsTFIWIT. Lebucwapele. FIRSTLY. Ga ntlha. FISH, A. 'l'lhapi. A small fish, tlhacwana, lecwala ; a, grea.t fish, or whale, leruarua; to 96 fish, or catch fish, chwara di tlhapi. FISHERMAN, A. Moch\vari di tlhapi. FISSURE, A. Logagu, pl. dikga gu. F1sr, A. Lecwelc, pl. ma.cwele, mabole. 'l'o strike with a fist, setla; to strike with tile fist,as in boxing, fiata ka lecwele, kgotla ka lee wele ; to clench a fist, huna lecwele ; to close the fist upon something, huparela; to stamp with a fist, tuba ; to open one's own fist, phutholola. lecwele; to open, or force open, the fist of another person, huporolola; he is close listed, or stingy, o timane, o bohula; to strike each other with fists, ubana ka macwele. FIT. A fainting fit, moiiatego; a convulsive fit, with stiffness of limbs, karalalo, mokaralalo; to have a fainting fit., iiatega ; to have a fit with convulsions and stiffening of the limb, karalala ; to have an epileptic fit, idibala; to have a, trembling fit, tetesela; a fit of trembling, teteselo ; to be convulsed, as when water is thrown on one in a fit, haha.ma; to convulse, as by throwing water on, ha ha.misa ; to come to after a fit, idibologa, rul wa ; to start up trembling after a fit, tsiboga, tsitsiboga; to fit or be fitting, chwancla; to fit badly, rona; they fit you badly, dia gu rona ; badly fitting garments, diaparo tse di ronai1 ; to be fitting, chwancla; was it not fittintl', etc.? a ga go no gosachwane la? a fitting time, loba.ka loa tebafi ; a badly fitting garment, seaparo se se ronaii; to fit nicely together, as dovetailed wood, lomana. FnI'ING. See FIT. FIVE. Tlhano. Five sheep, di nku di tlhano, dinku di le

PAGE 99

tlhano; the five fishes, ditlhapi tse tlhano. Fix. 'l'o fix, or make firm, tlho mamisa; to fix in on end, tlho. ma ; to fix two pieces of wood nicely together, lomanya; to fix a time, laola motlha; to fix on, tlhomela; they fixed it on a pole, ba le ba se tlhOmcla ka logoii; to fix the heart, pelo; to fix the eyes, see EYES; to be fixed, or permanent, riti bala. FIZZ. To fizz, as beer fermenting, shashanyega ; to fizz, as fat boiling, chachanyega. FLABBY. To be flabby, as poor meat, matepeta. FLAG. To tire, lapa; a small flag, sekgelc, mokgcle. FLAGSTONE, A. Lethtpa. FLAIL. A threshing flail, moo tlwana. FLAME, A. Kgabo. To flame, tuka; to flame much, tutuma. FLANNEL. Flane (hybrid); khai; kgai. 97 FLAP. To flap the wings, as a cock, opa diphuka; to flap the wings slowly, as a vulture about to settle, abula ; to flap or shake a cloth with one or both hands, in order to get out the dust, udubatsa; to flap flies off, boka dintsi; to flap, or be blown about in the wind, ruru bala. FLAT. Papetla; sepapetla; dipa. petla; sematla, Int. 'l'o be. come flat, papetlcga; it is flat, e papetla, e sepapetla; to be flat, papetla; to make flat, or flatten out, tlapetla, b.petla; they were flat, a bo a le a dipapetla; fiat stones, mayc a dipapetla; a flat phtnk, lotnati lo lo sepapeth; a flat stone or flagstone, letlapa; a fiat., smooth place, patlclo ; a fiat, or open treeless space, sebatla; a flat place on the top of a hill, setlhaba. FLATNESS. Bopapet!a. FLAT'I'EN,'l'O. Papetlisa; tapetht; tlapetla. FLATTER. To extol, halm; to deceive by flattery, rethehatsa. FLATTERY. Phako. FLATULENCE. 'l'o rumble from flatulence, kurutla; to void wind, phinya. FLAVOUR, A. Lonko; moutlwalii; molodi. To flavour, as with s'tlt, loka, cwaisa ; to lose flavour, cwapoga; it has lost its flavour, le cwapogile; to take away the flavour, cwapola; he has made it flavourless with water, o e cwapotse ka metse. FLAVOURLESS. Securucuru; co la; ribi. 'l'o become flavour less, cwapoga; to make flavour less, cwapola. FLAX. Lodi. FLAY. 'l'o take off a skin, bua; the skin is taken off the flesh, nama e builwe ; the flesh has had the skin flayed off, letlalii le builwe. FLEA, A. Lesai, pl. masai, bosai. FLEE. To flee from, tshaba; flee to, tshabela kwa; to flee from, not from fear, tshabela; to flee, or escape from, halola mo; to cause to flee, or put to flight, lcleka ; to flee from, or avoid, thibogcla. FLEECE, A, Sesetlho, setshetlho. FLED. It fled, or flew, e le ea hoha; he fled, o la a tshaba; he has fled from him, o mo tshabetse ; he has fled from him, from fear, o mo tshabile. FLEET. Bonakii. See RuN. FLESH. Nama. To rise above the flesh, as proud flesh, or be raw, a.s a wound, betologa.. To Shwela. It is flexible, c shwetse; flexible, or soft, ni>lo; flexible at the edge, as a knife too much sharpened, boyebu. Fr,ICKER. To flicker, as a tant fire, nyedima. G

PAGE 100

FLIES. Dintsi. To fan away flies with a flapper, boka dintsi. }'LIGHT, A. Phohii; tshabii. To put to flight, lelcka. FLIMSY. Kgetlcga. }'LING. To fling or cast away, latlha. FLINT. Lekgethu, lencwo. FLI'l'. To change one's resi dence, huduga. FLOAT, TO. Kokobala. To 11llow oneself to float on, or to go down with a stream, keledisa ; a thing floating on or going down with 11 stre11m of running water, seikeledis11 ; 11 flo11t, or pole to swim on, ta,a ; a: :fl.o11t, or raft, sehata ; 11 floating stick etc., kgogodi; to :float in the air with unbent wings, as 11 hawk, iba. FLOCK, A. See DROVE. }'LoG. See BEAT. l!'LOOD, A. Morw11lel11. To w11sh 11way, as a flood, kgophola,. FLoOR. On tbe :floor, ha hatshe; a pl11stered floor, bopa,pathii ; a plastered floor in 11 b11ckyard, sebupi; 11 threshing floor in a y11rd, se bupi ; a threshing floor m 11 garden, seboana; to floor, or put planks down, alll dimati; it is floored with planks, e 11dilwe dimati. FLOUNDER. To flounder in mud, bidikama mo seretseii. FLOUR. Bupe ; boo:pe. Fine flour, bupe yo bo boleta, setou. FLOURISH. 'l'o prosper, tshego hala ; to brandish, kgatikllnya; to shake, or wave over the head, iiatets11, kgana. 98 FLoW. To :flow, as water, cla, clCla ; to flow freely' tho boga ; to :flow, as 11 large body of water, sesela; to flow freely (of blood), ikara; to flow abun dantly, or stream out, tsitlo loga ; tt riYer that flows with water, noka c e c!Claii mctsc; to flow. or drop, ela; to flow the ground, ela ha hatshe; to cause to :flow, or gush out, thobola. FLOWEit, A. Seshesbe. A flower or blossom of fruit-bearing plants or trees, setbunya ; a flower of a bulb, phuhi; a flower of grass, kaba, sethun ya sa boyaii ; a mcalie stalk flower, lohCtlhii. Fr.uc'l'UA'l'E. To be fluctuating, as a ripe abscess when pressed, bokapukapu; the sore :fluctu ates, nthii e bokapukapu. }'LUENT. Ho is fluent, o seleta mo puoii. FLUTE, A. Phalll. l!'r.ul'l'ER. To flutter, as clothes in a wind, or chaff falling, phaphama; to flutter the wings, as a fowl when caught, or a hawk about to dart down, pha phasOla. FLY, A. Ntsi. A gadfly or dun fly, selioba; a swarm of flies, motshitshi; to fly, hoha; to fly, or flee, tshaba ; to :fly about, as sparks, thanthanycga ; a dog fly, leiiodu; to fly about, or flap m the wind, rurubala ; to fly, or sail with unbent wings, as a hawk, iba ; to :fly, or hover over, as a hawk, kala; to :fly down, or dart down, as a hawk, cuulala. FoAL, A. Petsana. l!'oHr. Loshulu ; leshulii. Foam left on ground by retreating water, maphoko; a little ball of foam found in new grass, which contains an insect and is supposed to cause foot and mouth disease in cattle, botcte ; to foam at the mouth, phoka mashulii; to foam, as milk in a milking vessel, phoka. FoE, ;A. Mmaba, baba. }'oF.Tus. A foetus when very little, madi; a foetus 11bout three months old, tlhaka; a large human foetus, i1wana; a large animal foetus, namane ; foetus of a wild animal, sena-

PAGE 101

mana; an aborted foetus a tame animal, seholotsona ; a foetus of a dead ar.imal, mo cwateii. Foo. Mist, mouwane. FoiL, To. l'alcla. To be foiled, Palclwa. FoLD. .A. sheep, or cattle fol, .. 9D FoN::>. To be fonJ cf, rata. FONDLE. 'l'o caress, reta; to kiss much, at laatla. Fooo. Seyii; tliyii; moyii; meyii; mayii. \V ord. most in use,
PAGE 102

100 kwane; a foolish, or weak headed one, legakgamatsana ; a wilfully foolish one, lepaccla; to make foolish, tseantsha; silohatsa. FooLISHLY. They act foolishly, ba diha yaka hanyana; he talks foolishly, or jestingly, oa hua dinya. FoOLISHNESS. Dinya; dinyana; bonyana; boeleele. Malicious foolishness, bosilo, bo be to. FooT, A. Lonao, pl. dinao. On a foot, mo lonauii; foot of a hill, mhapha ; sole of a foot, se bete sa lpnao ; print of a foot, kgatii ; sore ness of foot, leshware; foot of a sheep, ox or horse, tlhako ; foot of a dog, cat, or ravenous animal, lechoo, leroo; foot of a fowl or bird, meniitii; one claw of fowl's foot, moniitii; an iron threefoot, letshegii ; to set a foot on, gata; to take a foot off, gatoga ; foot and mouth disease in cattle, botetc. FooTED. To go barefooted, shakaila ; sore footed, le shware; to walk while sore footed, kiikiiba. FooTPRINT, A. Kgatii. FooTSTEP, A. Kgatii. FooTSTOOL, A. Setlhiimii sa dinao. FoR. Expressed in verbs by the relative termination, cla; to work for, dihela; for fear that, e ka re kgotsa, ekare kgotsa ; for, or because, gonne ; it is good for a man, go molemii mo mononeii; it is for you and me, a le game nau ; one for thee, moiiwe e nne oa gago ; let an eye be for an eye, a leillhii le cwelwe leitlhii. FoRAGE, TO. Gapa, ucwa. l'oRBEAit. Iphapaanya. To te strain oneself, ichiika. FmtBEARAJSCE. Boiphapaanyii; boichiikii. FoRBID, TO. ltsa ; tata ; tatetsa. To forbid oneself, ikitsa ; they will forbid him to build, ba thL mo tatetsa go aga; that which is forbidden, se se idicweii, se se tatecweii ; let them be for bidden beer, a ba tatediwe boyalwa; be is forbidden the path, o kganecwe tsela, o tate cwe tsela; it is forbidden, se moila, se idiwa; God forbid, a go se nnc yalo, a go se tualo. FoRCE. Compulsion, kgolii ; strength, thata; to force, or compel, kgola, pateletsa ; to force one's way in or through, rolola; to force upon, or com pel to take, golegela; to force carnally, see RAVISH; to force :tlong, or compel to go, kgo kgweetsa ; to force up, as a fast stone, manolola, matolola ; to take by force, gapa, gapa ka thata; to force oneself in, or intrude oneself upon, ichu be liila ; to force one's way through bushes, shwaila. FoRD, A. Botshelii; letsibogii. To ford, tshela, kgabaganya; to ford a stream on foot, gobua. FoREHEAD, A. Phatla. An overhanging forehead, as of a baboon, loriba; a white mark on the forehead of an animal, kolo, nyato. FoREIGN. A foreign, or strange thing, selii se sele. FoREKNOWLEDGE. Kit.seciipele. FoREl!OST. 'l'he foremost one, or thing, ketapele; the fore most men in the ranks, diketa pele tsa ntwa. FoRERUNNER, A. Ketapele, moe teledipele. FoRESKIN, A. Molomii. }'mtEST, A. Sekgwa.. A dense forest, dikgwa. FORESTALL, 1'0. Raka. FOitGE, A Leishii; mouba. TO. Lebala. He has forgotten, o lebetse; if I don't forget, ha ke sa gakwe ; to forget, or escaJle one's memory,

PAGE 103

101 galea; be never furgot it, e se ka. ea mo ga.ka gope ; they for got everything, ba le ba gakil we got! he bcla; we forget, rPa gu.kwa, re gakiwn; he will be forgotten, o tla gakwa; it has been forgotten by them, se gel kilwe ke bona. FoRGE'l'FUL. Forgetful eyes, matlhO a boroko ; a forgetful mind, pelo e mareme, pelo e seremc ; lle is forgetful of news, ga a tlhoko mo mahokuii. FoltGE'l'FULNEss. Tebalo. l!'mtain:, TO. Ichwarela. To forgive each other, ichwaralana, ichwarclana ; thy sins are for given, dibe tsa gago di ichwa recwe. FORGIVENESS. Boichwarclo. FoRK, A. Lotlhabo; setlhomelo sa dinama. FoRKED. Diphata. A forked stick for holding bushes down when cutting, iiakale. Fmnr, TO. llopa. To become formed, bopega ; a form, po pt.go, sebele ; a hare's form, selao; a form, or seat, setulo. FmtMATIOY. A natural forma tion, lobopi>, popo, popcgo. FORNICATION. Boaka; bonyatsi. 'l'o commit fornication, akaba. la, gokahala, diha boaka. FoRSAKE, To. Tlogela ; katogela. 'l'o come out from, cwa mo; to leave desolate, tlhoboga dikbu. tsane. FoRSWEAR. To forswear one self, ikana ka maaka. FoRl'H. To go forth, cwclela; to go forth into the land, cwcle.Ia kwa lehatshiii. FORTUNATE, liE 18. 0 chego; 0 tshego. FOlt'rY. Mashome ma ne ; ma. shome a le mane. FoRWARD. To go forward, cwe lela pele, ctela pole ; to set forward, or help on in journey, helegetsa; forward, or impu dent, makgakga. FORWARDNESS, or impudence. Makgakga. FoSTER. 'l'o care for, tlamC!a; to take great care of, pepetle tsa. FouL. See FILTHY. :E'ouND. 'l'hey were found, or come upon, di le tsa weiwa; he has found a sack, o bonye kgetse ; he has found a sack not belonging to him, o begile kge tse ; to found, thaea ; it was founded, se le se theil we. FouNDATION, A. Mothao ; mo theo. 'l'o mark out or lay a foundation, thaea, thea ; from the foundation, or creation of the earth, mo tlholegoii ea le batshe. FoUNDER. To work as a founder, the la. FouN'l'AIN, A. Mocwedi. A small fountain from which no water flows, iiale ; the eye of a foun tain, motlhodi ; leitlho ya mocwedi. Foun. Ne with the particles. Four sheep, dinku di ne, dinku di le ne ; his four children, bana la gagwil ba ba ne ; four tens, mashomC n. ]e ma nC ; four times, ga nil; the four things, dilo CO ne, diJU tse ne ; four people, batho ba ne. FouRTEEN. Fourteen sheep, dinku di shomil di cwa ka di nO. FoURTH. The fourth day, tsatsi ya bone. FowL, A. Kok (hybrid). A fowl house, seru hi sa dikok ; to scratch as a fowl, hata. Fox, A. Phokoye. A little fox, phokoyane ; foxes, bo phokoyc ; to cry as a fox, kgana. FRAGMEN'l'. A fragment of a btoken thing, kabetla, betla ; fragments of food, matlbotlbOra, matlhotlhol'a. FRAME. To frame, or join together, kitlanya ; framed, or ;oined together, kitlanye.

PAGE 104

102 FRAUD. Tsieco. FRAY. To fray, or tub off, kgo bola; to be frayed, lrgobogn. FREE. To become free from danger, thele!a; to set free, or deliver, golola; to set free a hired servant, rebola; to set him free (of a slave) mo naea bogosi, mo naea kgosi ; he is set free (of a slave), o thelesedi wa bogosi, o dihilwe kgosi; I was born free, ke tsecwe mo tlhUmamoii ; to be free or inde pendent, ipaea; they are free, ba thelesicwe; to free oneself, ikgolola; free from, golocwe mo; a free or independent person, moitaodi, leipei. FREEDOll. Botlhokabotlhanka. FREELY, Yehavereceivedfreely, lo neilwe FREEMAN, A. Nwana oa motse, mogololwa, FREEZE, To. Gatsela; gakcla. 1'o cause to freeze, gatsedisa. FREIGHT, A. Dithoto, f01-aga (hybrid). FREQUEN1', To frequent a place often with no purpose, herestt. FREQUENTLY. See OFTEN, FRESH. '!'ala; naua. FRIEND, A. Tsala. A com panion, molekane, selekane; to become friends, letlana. FRIENDLY, '!'hey are friendly with them, ba etalana nabii ; they are friendly, or at peace, ba agelelana; they are friendly, ba tsalana, ba tsamaalana, ba etalana; to live on friendly terms with, ikama, ikama ganya ; we are on friendly terms with the Becwanas, re ikamile Becwana, re ikama ganya le Becwana. FRIENDSHIP. Tsalanii, botsalanii. FRIGHT. Fear, poiho ; terror, therego ; to sink down with fright, pharama. FRIGHTEN, TO, Boihisa, boitsha. To startle, rera ; to startle, chosa; to frighten, and drive away, as game, tlhaga; to be come frightened, as game, tlhagega. FuiNGE. A fringe on a man's girdle, lekantsana, lekantsa. FltJSK, 1'0. Kalapa. FRIVOLITY. Nyalakegii. To be full of frivolity, nyalakega, nyelekega. Fuo. 1'o wander to and fro, timela kwa le kwa, kgara kgatscga. FROCK, A. Moses. FRoG, A. Segwagwa ; segogwn .. A bull frog, letlametlo ; fat of a bullfrog, mekadi. FROGSTOOL, A. Setutuchwane. FROll. From him, mo go cna; from birth till death, go simo lola ka botsalo le go ea kwa loshuii; from the beginning, mo tshimologoii ; from the least to the greatest, go cwa mo go eo mmiitlana, le go ea kwa go eo mogolo ; to come down from a mountrun, hologa mo thabeii; from Abraham to David, go simolola ka Abera hame le go ea go hitlha mo go Tafite ; from that time, go tloga mo lobakeii louii, e sale ka lobaka louii. FuONT, In the front, ha pele. FuosT. Serame. Hoarfrot, kgogochoane. FROTH, See FOAM, FROWARD. A froward person, mokgopami ; he is froward, o kgiipii. FROWN, TO. Dilola. To frown at a person, dilola motho. FROZEN, 'fO BECOME. Gatsela. It is frozen, se gatsetse. FRUIT. Louiiwii; mauiiw<; louiio; mauiio ; dikuiiwa. To bring forth fruit, or bear fruit, uii wa, uma; to eat the firstfruits, loma ; to fall as fruit, tlhotlhorega ; to gather fruit, hula ; to pick ripe fruit from the unripe, khukhuna; first fruit, or fruit first ripe, lebu-

PAGE 105

103 cwapele, pl. mabucwapele; fruit begiuningto ripen, bogoto, legoto ; fruit nearly ripe, bo gelcgele, lekgele; ripe fruit, or fruit first ripe, podisa; we are eating ripe fruit, rea. ya. maui1wo a podisa; dried fruit, lofiaiLale, loshwabo. FRUITLESS. It was fruitless, ga ea ka ea dihana le maufiwo. FIWS'fRA'rE, '1'0. lletsa.; pa.ie]a. To be frustrated, palelwa. FRY, TO. Besa. FRYINGPAN, A. Pane (hybrid). }'UGI'l'IVE, .\. Jl,!otshabi. FULFIL, TO. Dihatsa. To be fulfilled, dihala; to make firm or establish, tlhOmamisa. FULFILMEN'l'. 'l'ihaco. FuLL. To become full, tlala; it is full, e tletse; to be full, as 11 pot, etc., sheshemologa ; to make full, tlatsa,sheshemolola; to become full, as boiling w11ter about to run over, hohoma; a full sack, or full-bellied per son, secompa; 11 very full thing, setete; it will be full of light, e tla tlala lesedi ; the veldt is full of sheep, dinku di tlctsc ka naga; to become full when eating, kgora; he is full, or satisfied, o kgotshe ; to become full again a.nd aga.in, as a river, rwalelesega ; full, matleketlel
  • . To have fun, tshameka; to mal eametsc; foro (hybrid); a fur row, or trench ronnel a house, for carrying water off, mosCle. FURTHER. Ha pelc. A little further, ha pelenyann. Funr. Yayarcgo. 'ro be in a fury, yayarega. FUl'UitE, THE. Lobaka lo lo kwa pele. G. G.!.BllLE. See BABllLE. GAD. 'l'o gad about, naln.nala, kgabatlolega ; a gadabout, sc lialii, mokgabatlolegi. GADFLY, A. Seboba. GAIN. To conquer, henya; to seize, to gain for oneself, ipapalela, itsadisetsa; gain, or things gathered, papadi. GAINSAY, '1'0. Ganela, ganetsa. 'rha.t which cn.nnot be gainsaid, se se sa kakeii sea ganediwa.. GAINSAYING. Kganelii. GALL. Santlhokwe ; particle o ; to gall, or blister, chuba. GALLOP,1'0. Paraganya; tlharoa; kwara.ganya. GAMBLE. To bet, bi\elana. GAMBOL, '1'0. Kalapa. GAliE. Wild animals, diphii lOhUlO. To kill much game, gakanya ; to wound game and hence have a claim to it, bala; a gamepit, lemena ; a large game pit, gopa ; an enclosuro for trapping game, seduku to make game of, or deride, shotla; a game, tshameko; a game in which a lrgenwe is rolled and pierced, kidibi ; a

    PAGE 106

    104 game in which the bolatsi, etc., are pierced and removed by a thorn or bit of sharp wood, khweba, shwanka. GANG, A. Mopbato. GANGRENE. NthO e e kelek:J.ii. GANGWAY, A. Mola. GAP. An opening among trees, or in a hedge, phatlha. GAPE. ldimola. GARDEN, A. 'l'shimo, pl. masi mo. A ploughed garden, bo lemo ; a large garden, or group of gardens in one enclosure, leota, letseto; a go.trden ploughed for a chief, phacha; a reaped garden, not yet ploughed again, lotlhagare ; a garden that has failed to give fruit, but still has things eatable for cattle in it, legola, mogola ; a garden ploughed but not sown, thobu; in a garden, mo tshimoii ; to pick, or plough a garden, lema; to pick or plough a garden in new ground, kgatha ; a corner of a garden, tlhohi; a border of a garden, marinepe, no sing.; to pay, or reward for work done in a garden, ruha ; payment or wages for garden work, tlmho. GARDENER, A, Molemi oa tshi mo; modihi tshimo; modisa oa tshimo. GARGLE, TO. Icukula; icukunya. GARl!ENT, A. Seaparo. A rag ged, or much worn garment, sekatana, pl. malmtana. GARNEll, See STOREHOUSE. GATE, A. Secwalo. GATEWAY, A. Kgoro; phata. GATHER, To. Phutha; pbutha-kanya; kgobokanya. 'fo ga ther into a heap, as stones, koa ; to gather for, as stones, koCla; to gather, as by a net, gogoba; to gather by picking up with fingers, sera, tlotlona, tlotlona ; to gather by picking up one by one with hands, ola, kokwanya; to gather into with the hands, olela ; to gather by raking or scraping, kokola ; to gather by trading, bapala; to gather as by different purchases at differ ent times, kotla; to gather different things together at the same time, kgokgoa; to gather, or pluck fruit, hula; to gather pumpkins, etc., gokga; to ga ther up one's garments, as in crossing, a stream, itsbemelcla; to gather up thoroughly, kgo pha, phuthakanya; to gather up small things, as locusts, twigs, etc., gogoba, gogobCla; t.o gather stones out of a gar den, kokola; to gather into a small compass, bopaganya ; to gather or become ripe, as a sore, bucwa ; to gather up en tirely in the hands, riripa ; to gather into a garner, rorela mo polokeloii; to gather together, or assemble, phuthl\ga; they gathered together unto him, ba phuthegela go ena; where they are gathered together, kwa ba phuthegetseii goua ; to gather together, or assemble, in a crowd, kokwana, bel<> tbana ; to gat.her firewood, rw
    PAGE 107

    105 GENTLY. Ka bonolii; ka bori. GER)[. A sprout, momela. GER:IUNATE, TO. Mela; tlhaba. GET, TO. Bona. To get up, see ARISE ; to get, or acquire by trading, bapala; to get there, or arrive, giiroga; to get in, or enter, tsena; get hence tloga ha! GHoST, A. Sedimo ; sepoko (by. brid). GIANT. A very tall and st)ut man, mogokotlou ; a very strong man, mokaloba; a giant in capacity, or a very able man, morobana. GwDINESS. Sedidi. GIDDY, TO BE. Dimokana; chwarwa ke sedidi; to m>tktJ giddy, dimokanya. G IF'r, A. Neo; leaco. A gift to a mother's brother, leshori. GIGGLE, TO. 'l'shega. GIN, A. Serai. GIRAFFE, A. Thutlwa. A soli. tary male giraffe, madikweii, mamisi. G1 tm, TO. Tlama. To giril one. self, itlama, cwala, ikwakwaela, ikokwaela; to giril oueself (of a man), ikg>ttla; to gird oneself, (of a woman), itlama. GmDLE, A. Moitlamii; patana; moitlesi ; moikgatlii. A girdle of beads or bits of ostrich shell round a female's loins, mo letsa; the girdle of a letebel!', mothekga; the coril of a man's girdle, monape ; the skin of a man's girdle, tshega; the fringe of a girdle, lekantsana, lekan tsa ; to fasten up a girdle, tseta, iiantla; to fasten up one's own girdle, iiiantla. GmL. A little girl, mosetsana, mosetsanyana ; a biggish girl, morwetsana ; a marriageable girl, moroba. GIVE. Aba; ntsha; naea. I will give an ox, ke tla a.ba kgomo, ke tla ntsha kgomo ; I will give him an ox, ke tla mo naea kgomo; to give to, naea, nee la; to give oneself to, inaea, ineeln.; I will give them to you, ke tla di gu naea; he will give him self to this work, o tla ineela tihoit e; to give away foolishly, or squander, saha; to give away, or waste another per son's things, lolora; to give to, or lend, as a cow for milking, siela ; to give without being first asked, laletsa; to give a boy or girl new clothes when coming out of the ceremony, alosa ; to give back, or restore, rebola ; to give place to, or move for, shutela; to give ono thing for another, or exchange, anauya ; to give a greater pOL tion to one than to another, hekela; to give food, ha; give me food mpha they were given to him by his father, o di necwe ke rragwe. GIVER, A. Monei. GIZZARD, A. Nchu. GLAD, TO BE. ltumela; ipela. To be glad to see, as chililren a father, ipelCla. GLADE, A. Patlelii ; po.anama. Gr.ADNESS. lloitumelii; moipe lii. Mirth, letlhapelo. GLARE. 'l'o glare, or shine, ga.lalela; a glare or shining, kga. lalclii ; to glare at, as in anger, gotola matlho. GLASS. Glas (hybrid). A looking glass, seiponi. Gr.EAN, 'J'O. ltiioopa; builutsa. To glean fruit, khukhnna. GLEANING, A. Puducho. GLEANINGS. Mabuducho; ma riiniipo. GLEET. Matsabane; mantsa bane. GLnmER. To glimmer or shine dimly, o:vetsa. GLISTEN. To glitter, as a dia mond, phatshima, phatsirna; to glisteu as distant lightning, bebenya; to be dazzling, ha tlha.

    PAGE 108

    106 GLr!'TEit, To. Galalela. A glit ter, kgalalelii. GLOBE, A. Kgolokwe; thele. GLOBULAR. Sedikadiki ; sedi kwadikwi. GLORIFY. ro glorify, or cause to shine, galaletsa; to glorify oneself, ipelahatsa. G L on Y. Shining, kgalalelii ; honour, tlotlii; to glory, or boast over another, komakii mcla ; to glory in, tumisa ; they glory in the chief, ba tu misa kgosi. GLow. 'l'o glow with redness, hubila; to glow, as with, red heat, teku ; the iron is glow. ing, or red hot, tshipi e teku; a glow, or radiance, marafi. GLOWWORM, A. Sebonesanawa; to glow as o. glow-worm, nyetsa. GLUE. To cement, kano.; to paste on, mancga. Gr.urroN. Mokgori; moyi. He is a glutton, o ya bobe, o sea pu; they are gluttons, bo. dia pu. GtU"ITONOUS. To eat continually, tliitlopa.. GNARLED. Gnarled or knotted, scgweletlha.. GNASII. To gnash the teeth, huranya m!mo ; o. gnashing of teeth, phuranyii ea menii. GNAT, A. Montsane; montsana. GNAW. Tognaw,asadogabone, or as a festering sore, gantbo.. GNu, A. Kgokoii. Go. To go, ea; he is gone, o ile ; to cause to go, isa ; to cause to go to, isetso. ; to go away, tso.maea, tlhomoga, ernoga, tloga; he is gone away, o tsamaile ; to go in, tsena; to go on one's way, cwe!clo.; to go up or climb, pagama, p:t lama, tlhatloga; to go before, ctela kwa pele ; I will go before you, ke tla lo ctelela pele; to go before, siela, siela pele ; to go about the land, tsamaea le lehatshe; to go out, as a candle, tima ; the C>tndle is going out, lobone loa tima; to go to and fro, or go about, kwidia ; to go to or follow, lata; to go to one's destination without turn ing aside, tamalala ; to go round, potologa, dikologa, potonoga ; to go neo.r, or o.p proach, o.tameio.; to go out of a path, hapoga; to go on, or persevere, cwelela pele; to go between or mediate, tsiri go.nya; to go in order or in single file, bopC!ela; to go back or return, boea, bo:t, hulara, rulam; to go back wo.rds, boe!a moragii ; to go from or forsake, cwa, tlogclo.; to go from one village to another, tlhotlholaganya metse; to go through a country, ralaln lehatshe; shall 'we go on speak ing? a re tla hClo. re bua? to go down, hologa; to go down to, hologelo. mo; hologeL
    PAGE 109

    107 GoD. lliouimo. A gou, mouimo, pl. medimo. GoLD. Gouta (hybrid). GoNORRH!EA. Matsabane; mantsabane; rasephiphi, Int. GooD. Molemii. He is good, o molemo ; a good tree, sctlbarc se se molemii ; it is good for thee, go molemii go wena; it is pretty good (of meat), ea ciitlhwa; he is a good man, or real man, o na le botho; to become good, lemohala. GooDLY. A goodly child, iiwana eo montle. GooDNESS. Molemii. Goons. Dithoto; thoto ; di lwana ; dilii. GoosE, A. Gans (hybrid). A wild goose, legou ; a young wild goose, legoa.na. GonE, TO. 'l'lbaba; shegola. GoRGE, A. Kgiirii. A gorge having no outlet, mogiigiirii. GosPEL, A. Efangelio (hy-brid). GoUGE, TO. Gaba. To become gouged out, gabCga. GovEttN. To command, laola; to reign over, busa. GovERNING, A. Mmushii. A self-governing one, Moitaodi. GovERNMEN'l', Bogosi; gober-ment (hybrid). GowN. A woman's frock, moscs. GRAB. To grab food, tlbaka. GRACE. 'l'shegahacii; letlhiigiiniilo. GRACEFULLY. To walk grace fully or proudly, liita. GRACIOUS. He is gracious, o pelo e ntle, o chwarii. GRAFT, TO. Lomanya; lomela. 'l'o be grafted, lomana, lo ml!lwa. GRAIN, A. Tlhaka. See ConN, MEALIES. Grains from beer, tlhotlhori. GRANARY. A corn bin roofed over, GRANDCHILD, A. Setlogolo; setlogolwana. A great grand child, kokomana. GRANDFATHER. hummogolo; raramogolo ; rramogolo. GRANDMOTHElt. mmamogolo. GRANT, TO. Naea. GRAPES. A bunch of grapes, lesitlba ya mofina ; a grape, tlhetlhwa ea mofina. GRAPPLE-PLANT, A. Seiiaparile. Fruit of the grapple-plant., seiiapi. GRASP. To grasp with one hand, buparela; to grasp with both hands, tlamparela ; to graI) with both bands, as a sack's mouth, or person round tbc waist, gamutlba ; to grasp or bold fa.st, thegetsa. Grass. Boyaii. }'lower of j!'ras3, kaba; young grass, lorcme, boyai1 yo bo nana; kind of grass used by children in play ing, seloka; seeds of grass that stick to clothes, seloka; quick grass, or long roots of grass, motlbwa; long, thick grass, mosikiri; dry, standing gras, tlhaga; a patch of burnt grass, pilii; a patch of burnt gmss with new grass appearing, logoko; stubble (of grass), or grass growing next the ground, serite ; long, sour grass, maseka; green grass, boyaii yo bo tala ; young grass growing among the old, mocwatlbaga, Int. ; dried grass, loshwabii ; long grass, or weeds hindering growth, fiwaii ; a lonst stalk of grass, Jotlhiikwa loa boyaii ; to burn grass, hisa boyo.ii, cbuba boyaii; to pull, or pluck up grass, khumola; on the grass, ha boyaiiyeii. GRASSHOPPER, A, Tsianc; tsienchwane. GRASSLESS. A shallow grassiE'sS pool, lopapa ; a grassless country, dikgaht()pa. GRASS-SLANG, A. Kgiiriisane. GRATE. A fire-grate, sebesM; to grate or scratch, as a bad pen, dilabala.

    PAGE 110

    108 GRATIFY, To. Kga.tlha. To be gratified, kgatlb wa .. GitAVE. An open grave, lecwe, lebitla; a tomb, phupu; the grave or darkness, bobipii, sebihi ; to be grave, sisimog>t; he is grave, o masisi ; they are grave, ba masisi. GRAVEL. Masagarana. Pebbles, makgara.pana, makgwarapaua. GRAVITY. 'l'shisimogo. GRAVY. Moro. Jellied gravy, borerepu. GRAY. Gmy (of an ox), kwebu; gray (of a cow), kwocwana; to become gray-haired, tlha.ba ketsa, thunya, thunya moriri ; he is gray-haired, o thuntse, o thuntse moriri, o modudu, o tlhabakeditse; gray hair, moriri o modudu. GRAZE, TO. Hula. The oxen have grazed, dikgomo di hudile ; to go out to graze before being milked, hula mo iitlwa.na; to gmze, as a bullet, kgeledisa; his stomach is grazed, as by a bullet, o kgeledisicwe mpa.. GRAZING PLACE, A, Bohudishii, pZ. mahudishii. G !tEASE. Fa.t, mahura ; oil, lookwane. GREASINESS, As of an unwashed pot, plate, etc., makgamalha, makganatba. GREASY. Greasy or smudgy from milk, fat, etc., kgamatha, kganatha. GREAT. Kgolo; golo. A great king, kgosi e kgolo ; a great tree, setlhare se segolo ; great things, dilo tse di kgolo ; very great, kanakana, i
    PAGE 111

    109 GRIQUA, A. Lesctedi; legerikwa. GRISTLE. 1\fogano. (hybrid). GROAN. A. CMnclo. 'l'o groan, shonela; a groaning or sighing, phegelo. GROIN, A. Lr.gwaha ya morago. GROPE. ro grope in the dark for a thing whose whereabouts is known, apaapa; to grope about in the dark for a thing whose whereabouts is not known, hopbola; to grope, as a blind man feeling his way, apatla. GRoss. It has waxed gross (of a heart), e kgotshe. GROUND. '!'be earth, lehatshe; soil, mbu; on the ground, ha hatshe; a plot of ground, tema; rich or fertile ground, mbu o o bogale; to flow down to the ground, ela hatshe; newly ploughed ground, mbu o o kgathwai1 ; to plough new ground, kgatha; to become ground, as a tool, lootsega. GitOUNDS. Coffee grounds, moro; grounds or grains after brewing, tlhotlhori. GRouP, A. Lekgathi. .A. corn compact group of people, lecwele ; a small group, tlho pbana; groups, or parties, marathirathi, mekgathikgathi ; methalethale ;, small isolated groups, ditlhopbana, maku maganyane. GRovE, See TREES .A. thicket of trees, sekgw1L. GRow, TO. 'l'utuga. To grow, or grow up, gola; he grew up there, o la a golela gona ; to grow in number, or become numerous, kokiitlegela; to grow quickly, or too fast for one's strength, tlhomokcla, tlotlomcla; to grow er spring up, as bush, grass, etc., mela, tlhoga ; to grow high before grain appears, photha; to grow thickly without a t-are space, cuba. GRowL, To. Bobora; karetla; duma. GROWN. .A. full-grown male animal, pholo; he is full-grown, o godile. GRuB, A. Seboko .A. large grub found in kralls and rotten wood, thethe. GRUDGINGLY. Ka iii>i1iircgii. GRUliULE. 'l'o grumble or com plain, iiiiiiiirega; to grumble at, iiiiiiiiregC!a; to gr.:umble about, itoka kaga; to grumble lLbout a thing offered because it is not such as was wanted, galala; to grumble or speak under the breath, as one afraid to speak out, borabora; to grumble or talk in a murmur ing voice, bobora; to grumble at, or be envious of a person's things, tencgela dilo tsa mo tho. GmmnLER, A. :Moiioiioregi. GuARD. 'l'o keep watch, lebcla, lalela ; to take care of, disa ; to keep safe, boloka, dibcla; to be on one's guard against, itisa mo; to guard a door, disa moyakii ; to be guarded against, itisiwa; a guard or watch, tebelo; a bodyguard, lekiiko; an advanced guard, dikCtapelc tsa ntwa. GuEss, '1'0. Shwaba; shwaba sbwaba; to conjecture, ka bakanya. GUEST, A. Molalediwa. GurnA!WE. Kaelii. GuiDE, A. Mokaedi; moshupa tsela. .A. guide to a blind man, mogogi; to guide, kaela, shupa tsela; to guide, or turn the olll!n in front, simega dikgomo kwa pele. GUILE. Boliitsana. GulL'!". Molato. GmL1'LESS. He is guiltless, o pbcpa., ga a na molato. GuiL'!'Y. He is guilty, o molato; to plead guilty, icwa; he has pleaded guilty, o itule, o icule.

    PAGE 112

    110 GUINEAFOWL, A. Kgaka. Comb of a guineafowl, lotlopo. GuLF. .A deep pit, molete; a narrow gulf, or strait, kgogo mClo. GULP. To gulp food, biiba; huta. to gulp, or drink greedily, kgatholcla. GuLLY, A. Loiiope. .A rut made by water, logagu. Gmr. Light-coloured gum, hard or so;>ft, boruku; liquid black gum, kgiinkgiinyane; hard black gum, nkgothuwe; a gum or toothless place, lehinini. GuN, A. Tlhobolo ; tlhobol<>. .A breech-loading gun, tlhobolo eagaterelae(hybrid); the barrel of a gun, lopo ea tlhobolo (hybrid); stock of a gun, logofi loa tlho bolo ; lock of a gnu, seloto (hybrid); nipple of a gun, tlhoko ; to load a gnn, tlha tlhCla; to cock a gnn, laela; to aim at with a gun, kaea; to put down the hammer of a gun, laolola. GIJNI'OWDER. Godi (hybrid) ; mosidi. GusH ouT, TO. Betsega. To gush out in a stream, goromcla, goromCtsega, to cause to gush out iu a stream, cbabanya, gorometsa, lemesetsa, phuthumetsa. Gt:ssET. .A piece let in to widen, tsctla. H. HABIT. .A habit, or custom, tamalo, temalo, tlwaelii, loco; a natural habit, or formation, lobopii; I am in the habit of seeing him, ke nntse ke mmiina, ke tle ke mmone ; I am in the lmbit of buying, ke tle ko reke; In this tense the accents dis. appear. llABITATJON. .A house, ntlo; u,n abode, boago, bonno. I habitually buy here, ke tie ke reke mono. See HABIT. HACK. See CuT. HAD. Had he done so, o ka bo a dibile yalo ; he had sinned, o la a leohile ; he had a knife, o la a na le tbipa ; he had no knife, o la a se na thipa ; I had expected, ke le ke sholohetse; I had a knife, ke le ke na le thipa ; it had no mealies, ga ea ka ea dihana le m midi; she had died long ago, a bo a sa bolo go shwa; now I had given up hoping, yanoii ke tlhobogile; he had never yet bought, o na a e se a be a reke ; we had a child, ra bo re na le iiwana ; when they had authority, e rile ka ba bo ba na le taolo ; she had a child by this man, o la a tsala le monona eo iiwana; he had no child as yet, a e se a ka dihane le n\vana; I had journeyed here, ke ne ke etetse mono ; I had gone there, ke le ke ile giina; when he hau found, o rile a bonye ; each part had its ruler, kgaolii iiwe le iiwe e le e na le molaodi ou. eiina; the horses had come, dipitse di le di tsile; when ho had looked round about, a sena go na a shCbateba. HAD BEEN. She who had been the wife, eo o kileii a le mosadi; if we had been there, ha re ka bo re le re le giina; he had been sent, o la a romil we ; if it had been a man, e ka bo e le e le monona; things to which they were strangers, dilii tse ha le ba le baeii go cona; there had been no rain, go le go e so pula; if a law had been given, ha molao o lo o nccwc. llAD NOT. He lutd not known, ga a ka a itsilc; if I ha.d not believed, ha ke le ke se ka ka dumela; I had not yet bought, ke le ke e se ll:e reke. :

    PAGE 113

    111 HAD NOT Bli:EN. He had not been healed, a se ka a hodisiwa; had it not been for his help, they would not, etc., e ka bo e se thushO ea gagwe, ba ka bo ba se, etc. HADEs. Bobipo. HMMORRHAGE. Chologo ea madi; thololo ea madi; hmmorrhage from the nose, mol{ola ; he has hmmorrhage from the nose, oa dutla mokola ; to flow freely, as blood in a hmmorrhage, tho boga ; hmmorrhage from throat or mouth, fiope. HAFT. See J;lANDLE. HAIL. Sehako ; dihako. A single hailstone, tlhaka ea sehako. l'IAIR. Moriri; meriri. a hair, thiri, pl. dithiri ; hair, or wool (ofammals), boboea; a tuft or lock of long hair, leodi, pl. maodi ; a ball of hair found in animal's stomach, thele; hair on animal's back standing up, or turned the wrong way, sesbowa ; it has the hair on its back standing up, e seshowa; hair on the face, ditedu; gray hair, moriri o modudu; a bob, or plait of hair, loctsc ; a bunch of hair left on the top of head, setlopo ; a lock of hl!
    PAGE 114

    112 it hand, including the fingers, logc.he loa seatla ; back of the hand, ka ntle ea seatla; to draw in a hand, gona lecogo; to close the hand upon, or grasp something with one hand, hu pareia ; to grasp with both hands, tlamparlila ; to open one's hand, huporola; to open the hand of another person, huporolola; to stretch out the ltands, iitloliila; to hold out the hands expecting to receive something one does not get, asetsa, ashets>t ; to beckon with a hand, gwetlha; to take away, or sweep away with an open hand, phaila ; to put hands upon them, go ba baea diatla; he had his hands folded, a menaganye diatla; to rub the hands together, gotlhanya diatla ; to hang from the hand, akgcga mo seatleii ; to shake hands, naana diatla ; the palms of both hands held out together, maatla, no sing. ; to spread the hands wide, atlega ; to clap tha hands, opanya diatla ; to stretch out the palms of both hands. so as to receive food, etc., legelcla, atlarela. IIANDED. He is left handed, 0 molCma. HANDFUL. Totakeouta handful, tabola. HANDLE. The handle of a knife, lonaka loa thipa ; handle of an axe, or pick, mohefi, mohenyana; handle of a spear, lore; the end, or grasping place of a spear handle, theko ; handle of a cup, or emmer, or beker, mokgothi ; movable handle of a vacbje or pot, mogala; fixed handle of a saucepan, fryingpan, etc., moshnshu; to handle, chwarachwara. IL\NDMAlD, A. Lelata. lLINDSOJ!E. See BEAUTIFUL. HANG. To bang up, pega; it will be bung up, se tla pegwa; bang up, or spread out, as a curtain, tsarolola ; hang up, or fasten up, gokcla; to hang down, or be suspended, lcpclela; to cause to bang down, lepeletsa; to hang, or strangle oneself, ipeta; to cause to hang down, as by throwing over a beam, tsetlametsa; to hang down, as a broken branch, kwanama; to hang, or bo"' the head, inega tlhiigo ; to hang from the hand, akgega mo seatleii ; to hang down to the ground, lcpelegela ha hatshe; to hang about the neck, gokc lela mo thamuii; to hang over, iikama ; they hang over the path, di iikame tsela; to hang on to, kgomarela, khumarcla. HANGING. A hanging thing, selcpC!clii ; a thing for hanging on, as a peg, sehata. HAPLY. If haply he might find, e tie e re kgotsa a bone. HAPPEN, TO. Diba)a; dihahala. 'ro happen to, dihalela, diha halela; to happen by chance, dimologa ; to happen to, or come upon, wela; it happened to me, se le sa nkwela; all this has happened, gotlhe mo go dihahetse ; what happened tn them now ? go le ga una yafi mo go bona yanoii? what has happened ? go ntse yaii ? go dihahetse yaii ? HAPPINESS. Boitumelii. HAPPY, TO BE. Itnmela. How happy, or fortunate, they are! ba HARBOUR, A. N onti; segiiro. HARD. Thata. 'l'o become hard, thatabala ; to be bard or diffi cult, pitlagan)a ; to be too hard, retela ; to be too hard for, retelela; it is too hard for me, go nthetclela ; hard and dry, as a slrin or rhiem, kwa tlapa. HARDEN. To harden or cool (of melted fat), gatsela, gakela;

    PAGE 115

    113 to become hardened, tbata bala. IIAitDHEARTEDNESS. Dopeloe-thata. HARDNESS. llothata; bokgwara. HARE, A. 1\fmutla. My hare, mmutla oa me; a small hare, mmutlana ; a kind of small hare, maboe ; a large kind of blackish hare, moduolo ; a small red animal like a bare, tlbOlo; a spring bare, tsbipo; a hare's tail, kiipo; a hare's form, selaii. lTARK! Utlwa! Utlwaii.! liART.OT, A. Seaka. liARM. Molato. To do harm to, dihela mash we; to do harm or damage to, senyetsa. HARMLESS. Dosisi; bokgwnb
    PAGE 116

    114 large hawk, ncwi; a large hawk which makes a screech ing noise, logwedi ; a night hawk, chogwi; to hover in the air, as a hawk, lmla.; to sail with unbent. wings, as a hawk, iba ; to hover over with vibrat ing wings, as a hawk, phaphascla; to dart down, as a hawk, cuulala; to seize, as a hawk, cnbula. H.n. Boyai1 yoa loshwabii. HAZARD. He hazarded, or cen.sed hoping for, his life, o la a tlbo komologa botshelii yoa gag we. HAZE, or HAZINESS. Lotobii. HE. 0 ; ena. He who does thus, eo o dihaii yalo. HEAD, A. 1.'lhiigii. A small head, tlhiigwana; the top, or crown of a head ; phogii ea tlhiigo ; a bald head, tlhiigo e mahatla; to bow, or bend down, the head, bending only the neck, iibama, inega tlbiigii; to bow down the head, bend ing the back, iuama; to put anything on the head, rwala; to take anything oft" the bead, rola ; to nod the head in token of assent, goma ka tlbiigii ; to shake the head from side to side in token of dissent, thu khutha tlhiigii ; to strike, or wound on the head, onya ; to lean the head back, or so as to look up, lelatsa tlhiigii ; to put the hands at the back of head, and cry, ithwala megono; to hold the arms stretched out above the head, tlhamalatsa mabiigii; to draw in the head as a tortoise, ikgonyetsa tlhiigii; to trouble the head, iphatlola tlbiigii ; to be confused in the head, or giddy, dimokana; to have an oppressive sensation in the head, as a man in fear, bopagana moriri ; point of the head of a horse, or hornless ox, setliipii; to chop an animal's head for cooking, rntha tlhiigii. HEADACHE. I have a headache, ke ocwa ke tlbogii. HEAD-COVERING, A. Serwalii. HEAD-BURDEN, A. Morwo.Iii. HEAD-DRESS, or Ornament, as a tail, etc. Kola. HEADMAN, A. Mogolo; mogol. wane ; tlhiigiitlhiigii. HEADED. Aweak-headedperson, segakgamatsana ; to become gray-headed, tlhabaketsa, bn dusetsa. HEADLESS. A headless thing, bogonoko. Logwadi. To be headstrong, tiitiiliiga. HEAL, To. Hodisa. ro heal, or become healed, l1iila. HEALING. A l1ealing, or cure, phodishii. HEALTH. Phiilii. HEALTHY. Healthy, or clear, of a skin, phepa. HEAP, A. Mohuta; mokoa. A rubbish heap, thuthubudu; a heap, or prominence, as things covered over, lehupu; to ga ther in a heap, hutega, koa; to become gathered together in a heap, koega, hutega ; to heap, or pile up, tlhatlaganya. HEAR, TO. Utlwa. It will be heard, se tla utluiwa; se tla utluwa; I will cause him to hear, ke tla mo utlwisa, ke tla mo utlusa; to hear indistinctly, thaisa, halodisa, utlwa mathai thai, utlwa mahodile; to hear of or about, utlwela; he has heard of, or about them, o di utlwetse; I have not yet heard of, or about him, ga ke e se ke mo utlwele ; I heard about them yonder, ke le ka di ut! we. lela. kwa; it is heard, or under stood, go utlwcga. HEARD. 'l'o become heard, utlwala, utlwega. HEARING. Kutlwii; kutlii. He is hard, or dull, of hearing, o kabetse ditsehe. HEART, A. Pelo. Hardness of

    PAGE 117

    115 heart, bothata you, pelo ; io umw out tho heart in pity, tlhomola pelo ; to shut up tho heart, or be bard hearted, iiona pelo ; to break the heart, pha tlola pelo; you will break my heart, lo tla mphatlola pelo ; he became brokenhearted, o la a phatloga pelo ; to beat, as a heart, iipaopa ; to lose heart, iiodia; to become down-heart ed, ii.odiega ; hard hearted, bokgwara, maloiiwane; hard hearted, or cruel, setlhogo ; to be hard-hearted, ii.ona pelo. HEARTBURN. LoshiikiilCla. HEARTLESSNESS, botlhiikapelo. HEARTH, A. Leisbii. A bot hearth, with fire removed, loupa; a rain-maker's hearth, sebeshii, sebeseco. HEA"r. BothitbO; bothuthii; mogote ; kgiitelii. Extreme heat, khankhu; expression de noting great heat, cbu chu kbu to be in heat, as a dog, baloga; to heat, thithohatsa; heat of the sun, or a body, mogote. HEATHEN, A. Mohcitane (hy brid). HEAVE. To heave, as a panting chest, ubnga ; to lift up, chu letsa. HEAVEN. Legodimo. Birds of the heaven or sky, diniinyane tsa loapi. HEAVILY. To be heavily laden, imelwa. HEAVINESS. Bokete. Heaviness of heart, manoiiiinoiiii a pelo, maniiiiiiniiiio a pelo. HEAVY, Bokete; lekete; boi ma; borale. To become heavy, ketehala; to make heavy, kete hatsa; to be heavy, as eyes through sleeplessness, bokala la; to be heavy or weary, as limbs, leshologa; to be heavy on the feet, toutega; heavy burdens, mme belegii e e bokete; merwalii e e bokete ; their eyes arc l1eavy, matlhii u, bona a bokaletsc. HEDGE. A hedge of loose bus logora; hedge of a front yard, lolwapa; to hedge, or enclose, bea; to hedge, or make a hedge round, hera ; to make a lolwapa hedge, shOma; to bind a lo hvapa hedge round the top, balela; binding round the top of a lolwapa hedge, lobalelii: sticks for making a lolwapa hedge, matlhare; to put sticks for a tempol"ary hedge, aka metsa; be hedged it, o la a e belila ; to break out through a a hedge, tbOba ; to break in through a hedge, tbobela. HEDGES. Dikgora. A path be tween hedges, seherii. HEDGEHOG, A. 'flhoii. HEED. To take heed, or beware, itisa ; to take notice of, cla tlbiiko; to give heed to, tlbii kiimcla ; to take heed to one self, itisa, itiba; to cease to give heed, tlhokomologa; they did not heed him, ba le ba mo tlhokomologa bCla. HEEL. A person's heel, serctbc; an animal's heel, borethC ; back part of hoof, of horse or ox, sercthe ; to sit on one's heels, kiikiimala, kotama ; he is sitting on his heels by the fire, o kokometse ha leishoii.. HEIFER, A. Kgomo ea moroba; kgiiii.wana ea namagadi. A heifer just taking the bull, mogatelii. HEIGH'r, Bogodimo. To in crease in height, tutuga ; to vary in height, hetahetana. HEm, A. Muii oa boshwa ; moyaboshwa ; moyiboshwa. HELL. Molete oa molelii. A. Lomati lo lo kac laii.. HELMET, A. Helemeta (hybrid). HELP. 'l'hushii. A lit-tle help, thusl1onyana; to help, thusa; to defend, hemela ; to stand

    PAGE 118

    116 by, iima nokeii ; to cull a per son to help in a work, thapa; to help each other, thusanya, chodisanya; I will help them in the work, ke tla ha chwarisa tiho; to help in a difficulty, or straits, elamOla ; to help one who has suffered loss, acw>t; my friends will help me, di tsala tsa me di tl::J. nkacwa. liELI'ER, A. Mothusi. liELPT,ESS. 'l'o become helpless from pain, etc., topetcga; to sink down helpless, or ex hausted, koama, pharama; to be helpless or exhausted, nycm. marapii; they are helpless, ba nyerile marapo; to lie helpless in the power of another, toto bala, totom1lla. HELPLESSLY. 'J.'o be helplessly l::J.me, nnaoa ; a helplessly lame person, mona.nni. llElf. A hem, or fold, momeni">; to be hPmmedio, or surrounded with difficulty, kaila, lmlelwa; a hem, or edge round the bottom of a kaross, peeledi. HEN, A. Kok c namagadi. liF.NCE. Nteko.ne, ntekwanc. Get hence, tloga ha HENCEI'OKTH. Go tloga ha. I will henceforth try, ke tl>t tloga ke leko.. llEK. Mo ; gagwc. I will love her, ke tlo. mo rata ; I will sPo her, ke tla mmiina; her hea!l, tlhiigo ea gagwc. JIEilB, A. Moriigo. HERD, A. Modisa. A goat-herd, lekuru; a kid-herd, lepempe tlhwane ; a herd of cattle, etc., see DROVE; to her!l, disa. HERDSMAN, A. Modim. Mono; hano; l1a; kwano; gona. Come here, tl::J. kwano ; from here, go tloga hano; here are the letters, dikwalo ke tse ; here is a horse, pitse e hano ; pitse ke e ; he is not here, ga a eo ha, o seeo ba. HEllEST. :jlloikeolo; lekoko. HERETICAL. To be heretic>tl, go itomolola mo go ba baiiwe. HERITAGE, AN. Boshwa. HERO, A. Motho oa bonatla. HESITATE. To hesitate, or he uncertain what to do, tebatcba; to hesitate, kganela puii. HF.'l'EROGENEOUS MIXTURE, A. Macwakacwake ; mahereciikii. HEw. 'l'o chop, rcma; to chop or hew much, sheketla. HICCOUGH, A. 'l'hahi; thai. I have a hiccough, ke ntewa kc thahi. IliCCUP. See HICCOUGH. ll!CKT,F.DYI'ICKLEDY, '1'0 JlE, l\la haratlhatlha. Hm. She hid him from the chief, o la a mo lobela kgosi. HIDE, A. Letlalo. A remnant of ox-hide, gatsbane; to hide, shuba, bitlha; to cover, bipa; to cover over, biti1lla; to bide oneself, ichuba, ipbitlha; to l1ide from, shubela; to hide a. thing by causing it to go romul a. corner, coketsa; to hide one self by stooping behind some thing, buba; to hide, as clouds, the entire sky, khuanya.. liiDDEN, TO m:COME. llitlhcga.; hubcga. To be hidden by, hitlhwa ke, lobilwe ke; to he come hidden from, hitlhegcla.. llrDING J>LAcre, A. Boichubelii. 'l'o a hiding place, botho noga. lliGn. Godimo. On high, kwa. godimo; to lift high, or exalt, goletsa; to be lifted l1igh, golediwa; a. high hill, lencwc ye le godileii ; high places, as in scriptme, mahelo a dithota. HIGHE!t. 'l'o make higher, or increase the height of, goletsa; to be made higher, golediwa.; the heavens are higher than the earth, magodimo a godile mo lehatshii1. HIGHWAY, A. l\imila, pl. me hila, HILL, A. Lencwc, pl. mayc; a

    PAGE 119

    117 mountain, tbaba ; a hilly ridge, lekhubu ; a small bill or mound, thota ; a conical hill, lencwe ye le ntlha; the top of a bill, flat, setlhaba ; a top of a hill, not flat, tlhora ; a long range of hills, leri">pii ; an opening be tween hills, kgiirii, pbata ; a sand hill, or slope, leroto bolo ; the foot of a hill, mohapba, mhapha ; a small hill, lokgabana; to ascend a hill, tlha tloga. Hm. Mo. I love him, kea mo rata ; with him, nac ; about him, kaga gagwe. HIMSELF. Le ena; ka esi; tiita. Jesus Himself, Yesn tiita; he himself, ena ka esi ; he will kill himself, o tla ipolaea. HINDER, '1'0, Retela; kgoreletsa ; reteletsa. To hinder one who wants to pass by sitting in the way, tlabama; to hinder or stop a person when speak ing, titinya ; to hinder, or re fuse to allow, itsa; to binder or be too much for, palela; to hinder each other, retelelanya; to hinder, or frustrate, iletsa; to hinder one from speakibg by talking fast, cupuetsa; that which hinders us, se se re retelctsaii; to be hindered, retc lelwa, palelwa, kgoreletsega. HINDI!:R PARTS. See FuNDA-MENT. Hinder parts of an animal, maragii. HINDRANCE, A. Sekaka; kgorc leco ; molato. HINGE, A. Kgokelii. To hinge, gokela. HIP, or HIPJOINT, A. Niika. HIPPOPOTAMUS, A. Kubu. HIRE, To. Laletsa; thapa. To hire for, laleletsa; a hire, or wage, tuelii ; hired servants, balalediwi ; hatlhanka ba ha laledicweii. HIRELING, A. Molalediwi. Hrs. His knife, thipa ea gagwe. Hrss, 'l'O. sbuma. A hiss of a snake, mosbumii ea noga ; hiss, as water poured into a hot pot, chachanyega. HISTORY, A. Polelii. Hn. See STRIKE. To hit hy throwing at, konopa; to hit by shooting at, hula ; to hit with out piercing, as an arrow, kuba; to hit without piercing, as a s'(lear or bullet, padimosa ; kubelela; you have hit the mark, lo tantse yaka kama. HITHEU. See HERE. liiTHEitTO. Le go yana. Ho! Ho you there, be; hela. HoARD, TO. Boloka. HoARFROST. Kgogochoane. Ho.,RY. See GRAY. HoAX. To hoax by promising and not performing, hora. HoDGEPODGE. Macwakacwake. HoE, A. Mogoma. To hoe, or pick, lema; to hoe, or root out weeds, tlhagola ; to hoe, 01' ridge up potatoes, katlila ma kwele. HoG, A. Kolobe. Horsl'. Choletsa. HoLD. 'l'o lay hold of, cbwara; to hold fast, tshegetsa; to hold or cleave to, iiaparela; to bold or grasp with hands or arms round, gamutlha ; to hold a goat's leg under one's knee when milking, pbeka; to hold up a weary arm, goletsa; to hold carefully between the hands, cwacwaela ; to bold, as a belief, o1 doctrine, tshegetsa; to hold fast for, tshcgeletsa; to hold out one's hand in vain, as in begging, asetsa, asbetsa ; to hold fast, or grasp in both hands, tlamparela ; to hold fast, as rust a lock, iiamanya ; to hold back, or restrain a person, eola ; to take bold of thorough ly, or possess, tiipela; to bold in such a way as to spoil, m injure, tlamuka; to hold on one side, or slope, sekega; to hold, or carry, witl! both p.rms

    PAGE 120

    or hands, kakamara ; to hold up a heavy thing, supporting .it with both hands, sisCla ; to hold up, or cease for awhile, as showers, gagamala ; to hold very fast, katlcla ; to hold him to it, mo chwarisa ; hold your peace kgaotsa! to hold down, or press down, betelela; to hold firmly, or keep firm, as a washer a screw, garcla ; to hold a book, etc., upside down, hula tsha ; to hold a thing in the hand before putting it down, gokara ; to hold an arrow on the drawn string before shoot ing, gokara; a hold or shutting up place, bocwalelo. HoLE, A. Lechoha, pl. maroha. A little hole, lechohana; an animal'a hole in the ground, mosima; a hole in the ground made by peoJ.lle, lehuti i a hole made in diggmg out a fox, etc., seabo ; a hole of a springhare, leyelo ; a very deep natural hole or pit, molete; a hole or opening in a wall, lecboha; a hole cut for a patch, tibii ; a hole into which water is poured, ledibela; a hole, or hollow in a tree, lechwago; a deep hole in a stream, lediba; a peep-hole in a wall, seokomelabagae; a ground squirrel's hole, letsa tsa; a side chamber in a ground squinel's hole, phola; to scratch a hole in the ground, hata ; to make a hole in or pierce wood, phunya; to pierce a hole in leather, shukula; to bore a hole with a native augur, hCtlha; to stop a hole, as with a cork, tsiba ; to stop hole or leak, kaba; to stop a hole with cement, kana ; to fill up a hole with soil, katela ; to reopen a hole that has been filled up with soil, katolola ; stopping for a hole, of cement, kano ; a hole, or hollow from which ijOil h11,s been tn,ken, 118 kgatampi; a separate hole in a kgatampi, kunyane ; they are having a hole and corner meet ing, ba ile khuduthamaga. HoLES. Many holes, or tatters, maros ; a group of holes, or a warren, matsatsa; to riddle with holes, or eat into holes, kgau tla. HoLINEss. Boitshepo. HoLr.ow, A. Khuti. A small hollow, khutsana; a hollow made by game, kati; a hollow in a tree, lechwago; a hollow from which soil has been taken, kgatampi; hollow of a sore from which matter has come out, kgapu; a dug out hollow, lehuti; asmall'dug out hollow, lehutsana; hollow, or empty from hunger, logaba; to hollow out, gaba; to become hollowed out, gabCga. HoLY, 'l'O llEC01IE. ItshCpa. To keep a day holy, or as a holi day, as the day after a new moon, etc., ilcla; a holy one, moitshepi. HoliE, A. Legae; gae. He is at home, o kwa gae, o mo gae ; their homes, magabona ; here is their home, mono ga eno ; at home, mo gae; a stayer at home, seati, mosalagae, p!. basalagae. HoNEY. Dinose ; dinotsbc. Honeycomb with honey in it, lomepa; empty honeycomb, lekhaba; honeycomb with larvm, mana a dinose ; honey beer, kgadi; a bird that guides to honey, tshetlho. HoNouR. Tlotlo; tlotlego. To honour, tlotla, letla; an honoured person, motlotlegi. HONOURABLE, TO BECOME. 'l'lo. tlega. Hoon. A l1ood, or collar of a kaross, lokoye. HooF, A. Tlhako. In a hoof, mo tlhakufi; a horny knob above the hoof, tilatsbi ; the

    PAGE 121

    119 back part of a hoof, serctho; a disease of the hoof with sores, tlhakwo.ne ; the foot and mouth disease, botetc ; hard part of hoof, or part that presses on the ground, kgatii. HooK, A. Sekgoge; lcgoge; mo lrgiilaseco. A barb, or barbed hook, kobe; to hook out, kgo setsa; to be joined, or fastened by hooking, golagana, eh wara gana ; hooked, as a stick, lrgoge. HoP. To l10p as a locust, tlopa; to hop about much, as a bird, tlopatlopa; to hop, as a young locust, kopakopa; to hop on one leg, kokotla, matumn, Int. HoPE. CholohClii. To hope, sholohcla; to cause to hope, sholohetsa; to hope, or look for with certainty, koba pelo ; cause to look for with certainty, kobisiL pelo; to hope in, sholo hi\la kaga, sholohCla ka ; those who hope in a resurrection, ba. ba sholohe!aii go coga ga ba Rhwi; to cease to hope, tlho boga, sholoholo1,>a; they gave up hoping for him, ba le ba ruo tlhoboga. HoPELESS, 'I'O BECOME. Tlhobo ga; tlhiibiiga; sholohologa.. I am hopeless about him, ke sholohologile mo go ena ; I am hopeless about the youth, ke sholohologile mo lekaufi ; a hopeless person, mosholoholo gi. HoRIZON. Below the horizon, khuti; to l'ise above the hori zon, as clouds, kukumologa.; to sink, or disappea1 below the horizon, .kiiliimcla, kiitliimela; to rise above, or be visible on the horizon, kwetoga, kwctega; I saw him far away, on the horizon, ke le ka mmiinn ha kgaleii. HoRJZONl'ALLY. To place hori zontally, as one pole on others, ph!t.ka; a pole so placed, phnk<;. HoRN, A. Lonaka, pt dinaka. A small horn, lonakana; the flesh, or pith inside a horn, mosctse; the fibrous part of the pith of a :horn, khumela ; to horn with a side movement, putla; to horn, or poke with horn, tlhaba; a cupping-horn, motlhogo; what shape, or kind of horns has it ? e lcmile yaii ? I don't know what shape of horns it has, ga ke itse kaha e lcmafi ka giina. lloRNED. down horns, horns being fast, kiikwata ; horns being loose, segwCtlha ; horns stretching out in dif ferent directions, mo lcma ; one horn bent back, sebale ; horns curved and hooked at ends, kgiipii, dil;gii pii. HmtNET, A. Moruthwane. HoRNLESS. Hornless (of an ox), choca, boriniti; (of a cow), cho cana. HoRROit. See TEilltOR. HoRsE, A. Pitse. A young horse, or colt, petsana, pctsiL na ; a number of horses, ma bitse ; an entire horse, or stallion, pitse ea seheke ; to knee-halter a horse, kina pitse. HoRSEMAN, A. Mopaga.mi. HoRSE-SICKNESS. Seterfe (hy brid). HosPI'l'ABLE. To supply with food, thelesa, ha, phnmusa; to be hospitable to, tbelesetsa, phnmnsetsa ; to care for, tla me!a; to give things to, t:wu.cwu.ela. HosPITAL. Hiispetal (hybrid). HosT. A large number, bontsi; an entertainer, motlamedi. Hor. To become hot, giitela, thithohala, thnthu.bala ; to make hot, giitetsa ; to become hot, as water, lelahala; the water hot, metse a lelahetse ; the body is hot, mmele o mo gote; red hot, teku; to be very

    PAGE 122

    120 hot, as the sun, lela; that which is hot, se se mogote ; hot water, metse a mothithii, inetse a bothithii. HoTEL, AN. Hotel (hybrid). HoTIENTorGOD, A. Seremape tlii; seremnpetlwane. HouGH. See CuT. HouR, AN. Oura (hybrid); loba. ka. HousE, A. Ntln, pl. matlo; seshoa. A small house, ntlo ana. mogope; in a house, mo tluii., mo ntluii.; a ruined house, deserted but still stand iog, letliitla, ntlo ea letliitla ; a ruined house, debris only, le shape ; site of a desE>rted house, leshope; a fowlhouse, serubi sa dikok; a. temporary house, or tent, lotha ; a badly-built house, motlaagana ; the top, or pinnacle of a house, setlhoa. HovER. 'l'o hover, as a hawk, kala ; to hover with quivering wings just before darting down, phaphasela, How. Yaii.; yaka; kaha fol lowed by ka gona. How it is, kaha go ntsE>ii ka gona ; see how they do, bona yaka ba diha, biina kaha ba diha.ii. ka. giina; how is he ? o ntse ya.ii. ? how he did, kaha o h a diha ka. gona; how far it is go kgakala yaii.! how is it that the tax does not help things P lekgethO ga le thusetseii. mo diloii.? How LONG? Lobaka. lo le kae? go lele go le kae ? Ilow MANY. How many people? batho ba kae? how many oxen? dikgomo di kae? how many are they P di le kae P ha le l
    PAGE 123

    121 ravenous, or wild beasts, losa ; to hunt elepl1ants, losa ditlou; a hunt, or hunting party, lecholo; a hunting party sleeping only one night in the veldt, lecholo ya rnalao. HUNTER, A. Mocumi; mocomi. HuRRAH! Hoiha! To shout hurrah, as a crowd, tshela leshoa. HumtrCANE, A. Sesetlana; seshetlana ; ledimo. HuRRY. 'J'o be in a hurry, po tlaka., itlhagancla ; to hurry another, potlakisa; a hurry, potlako; in a hurry, ka potht ko ; hulTy them up a ba. a.kotshC! a di akotshli! Huu'l', '1'0. Tlhokohatsa.. To hurt a. sore, or sore place, by rubbing, or pressing against it, ronkga.; to hurt the feelings, as by sa.ying something unpleasa.nt, ronkga ; to be hurt, or offended,ronkgwa; he has hurt my sore, o nthonkgetse. HusnAND,A. Monona. Ayoung husband, moraladi; your hus band, '!'ogaco; her husban; bochwakga. Want of work, botlhokatiho. IDor,, AN. Modimo oa sesetO; modimo oa sechwancho. IF. Ha. If it could, or can be, e ka re ; if it shall be, e tla re ; if it be thou, ha e le wcna; bo ke wena.; if he has a knife, ha a na le thipa ; if one wishes, ha mofiwe a rata; as if he were praying, yaka ekete oa rapcla. ; if thev should have eaten it, c tla re 'ha ba se ye le ; if I can, ha nka; if we had knowled!!'e, re ka bo re na le kico; if it were not so, e ka bo e se yalo ; if I have done so, e ka re ha ke dihile yalo. IGNITE. See KINDLE. lGNOitANCE. Go bisa go itse, bothhoka go itse. IGNOitANT, TO BE. Go tlhoka go itse. IGUANA, AN. Kgwate, Int. ; a tree igwana., gopane; a water iguana, polo. ILL. See SICK. lLLEGI1'DIATE. An illegitimate child,fiwanaoa dikgora;fiwana on. boaka ; a woman who has illegitimate children, mosadi ou. dikgora. lLLUS'l'RA'l'E. To illustrate by comparing, bapisa. IMAGE, AN. Sechwancho. A like ness, eh wano ; a carved image, seseto. I11 UECII.R. Soe FooLISH.

    PAGE 124

    122 huTATE, To. Etsa. IMITATION. Keco. hnTA'roR, AN. Moetsi. lm!ED!A'l'ELY. I will go immediately, ke tla tlogu. ke tsamaeu.. hB!ENSE. Morota. Immense crowds of people, or cattle, macwelecwele ; immense in size, as wide-spreading clouds of dust, maewelecwele ; to be come immense, ropnma ; it is immense, se ropame. hLiloVABLE, l'O BE. Pala. It is immovable, e padile; to stand firm and immovable, tscpalala. l.IIPASSABLE. The country is impo.ssable, as from want of water, lehatshe le kadile. IMPATIENCE. Legwegwc. lliPATIEN'f, He is impatie11.t, o legwcgwc. 1MPEDI.II4EN'r, AN. Sekaka; kgo releco. An impediment in speech, koakoeco, kwakwecii ; to have an impediment in speech, or stammer, koakoetsa, kwakwetsa ; to be as if the tongue were too large, phelea. IMPENETRABLE. As a forest, cuba. !.IIPERFECTLY. To work imper fectly, or badly, kgometha; imperfectly or badly done, digwara. IMPERIOUS. (Of a man), mogiima; (of a woman), mosata. h!PERIOUSNESS. Bogiima. IMPETUOUS, '1'0 BE. Phoumela. l.I!PLY. It implies, goa kaeu.. lMPORl'UYATE. To be zealous, tlbiiahala. IMPORTUNE, TO. Kokiitlela. IMPORTUNITY. Kokiitlelii ; mokii kiitlclii ; kemele!o ; eager im portunity, tlhiiahalii. IMPOSE. To impose upon, tsie tsa ; one easily imposed upon, maheregii. IMPOSSIBLE, TO DE. Retela, To be impossible to, retelela ; it is impossible to men, go rete tee mo bathui'l; it is very diffi cult, or impossible, go senkadi. IMPO'l'ENT. To become impotent or weak, thatahologa ; to be impotent, or barren, opahala; he is impotent, o opahetse; an impotent, or very lame nian, monanni. ll!PRECATE, To. Hutsa. lMPitECATION, AN. Phucii. IMPRISON, TO. Ncla kgolegofi. to be imprisioued, nC!wa kgo legofi. ImROVED. 'l'o be improved (of a person,or work), tlhamatsega. IMPUDENCE. lll:akgakga; bodipa. Impudence in gait or manner, bog wan tu. IMPUDEN'l'.. He is impudent, o makgakga; he is impudent, or defiant, in manner, oa gwanta ; to become impudent, kgakgu hala; beleega. ;IMPUDENTLY. Ka pclecgii. IN. Mo. Followed by nouns ending in i'l, and vowels changed, mo go. In a house, mo tlui'l ; in a work, mo tihofi; in a tree, mo setlharifi ; in him, mo go ena; in a heart, mo pedufi; in a body, mo mme diii; in enduring, mo go icho kei'l ; in doing, mo go dihei'l. INACCESSIBLE. An inaccessible, or unclimbable cliff, sepatii. INASMUCH AS. Le moriirii; ka lemoriirii. INCANTATIONS. To perform in cantations, rcrcrela badimo, Int. INCENSE. Ensense (hybrid), lNCI'l'E. To incite or persuade, tlhotlheletsa ; shoshueletsa; to incite to war, hepisa ntwa. lNCI'fEMEN'l', AN. 'l'lhotlheleco. INCITER, AN. llotlhotlheletsi. INCLINE. To slope back, penoga ; to incline the ear, inega tsebe ; to incline the head, inega tlhiigii; to incline, or lie in n. slanting position, phelm

    PAGE 125

    123 ma; to cause to slant, pheka misa ; a sudden incline, or fall off, in a road, mokodumetsa; a gradual decline in a road, mo kgokolosa. INCOGN11'0. Bee DISGUISE. INCONSTANT. Bee CHANGEABLE. INCORRIGIBLE. Mokaka. INCORRUPr!ON. Bosaboleii. INCREASE, AN. 'l'otahalo; ntsi halo ; loato. To increase, ata, tota., kokotlegela, totahala ; to multiply, ntsihala; to be with out increase, or profit, horoka; to increase for, totela; the in crease of lent cattle, mahisa. INCUBATE, '1'0. Elama. INCURABLE. 'fo be incurable (of a sore or sickness), through sufferer having come into con tact, as is supposed, with a menstrual woman, gatcga. INDECENTLY. To treat a woman indecently, kgokgometsa; to take indecent liberties with, isetsa ; to expose oneself inde cently (of a woman), ntsha phcpisa; (of a man), tumusa; an indecently exposed person, eo o sa cwalaii ; he is indecently exposed, o sa cwala; o mo hololo ; to go about indecently exposed, purposely, hcpha. INm:ED. Ka mmanete; ka ama rure. INDEFATIGABLE, TO BE. Tlhona. ma. He is indefatigable in his work, o tlhonametse tihO ea gagwo. INDENT. To indent, by pressing in with the finger, bobetsa; to become indented, or pit, bobOla. INDEPEN.DEN"r. Bee FREE. INDICATE, '1'0. Shupa; shupa ka monwana. INDIFFERENCE. Contemptuous indifference, leshotlii. INDIGNANT, ro BE. Gakala; Mkega. INDIGNA'l'ION. Bogale ; kgo.-kalii ; chakgalii. 'l'o be moved with indignation at, gakatseg& kaga. INDIGNITY. Lobekii. To treat a person \vith indignity, bcka. IN DISPOSED. 'l'o be indisposed to do anything, itsemeletsa; they are indisposed to go, ba itsemeletsa go ea. INDISTINC1'LY. Ka borwenya. 'l'o hear indistinctly, utl wa mathaithai, utlwa mahodile, thaisa, halodisa; to see in distinctly, halodisa, tbaisa, bona ka lorotho ; talk heard indistinctly (as of people at a distance), maganii. INDIS'l'INC'l'NESS of seeing or hearing, borwenya. INDISTINGUISHABLE, TO BE. As colours, to bekana ; to make indistinguishable, tobekanya. INDUCE, '1'0, Kgona. INDULGE. To indulge a child, tlikietsa. INDUSTRIOUS. Senatla.. They are industrious, ba dinatla. hDUS'l'RY. Bonatla. INEXPERIENCED, or young. Mo nana. INFANCY. Bonyana. INFANT, AN. Losca, pl. ditshea, :iiwana oa lororwana; a male infant, mosimanyane ; a female infant, mosetsanyana.; infant powder, bolao. INFECT, m. Chwaetsha. To infect evilly, roma. INFEm'IoN. Phete. INFECTIOUS. Pbetc. INFillM. Bee WEAK. lNFIRl!ITY. Bokoa. A chronic infirmity, senyema, senyama. INFLATE, 'l'O. Budulosa. To be come inflated, buduloga., budu losega. INFLUENCE, TO. Kgona.. lNl'LUENZA, with running at the nose, mohikela. INFORM. To tell, bolela ; to re late, ka.kanya; to tell to, bole llila; to give secret informa.. tion, loma tijebe.

    PAGE 126

    124 INFORMATION. To g-ive secret information, loma tsebC. INFORMER, AN. Molomats/lb/l. INGENIOUS, He is ingenious, o senat.Ia, o sethakga, o maatla metlo ; o secwiriri. INGENUITY. Bonatla; bocwiriri. INHABIT, 1'0, Nnn. An inha bited country, lehatshe ye le nncweii; to be inhabited, nnwa; houses that are not inhabited, matlo a a sa nnwaii. INHABITANT, AN. l\Ionni. INHERIT, TO. Rua. lNHERI'l'A!IICF., AN, Boshua. In-herited things, thuo, lorui>, dithuo. INIQUITY. Bnikepo; tsiamololo. To do iniquity, ikepa. INJUNCTION, AN. Tao; taeo. INJURE. To injure by laying hold of, tlamuka ; to destroy, senya ; to injure, or cause to suffer loss, senyetsa ; to be injured, or made to suffer loss, senyediwa. INJUitY, AN. l\folato. INJUSTICE, To do injustice to, epa. INK. Inka (hvbrid). INLET, AN. Kgoro; botseno. INNOCENT. He is innocent, o phepa. INNOCULATE, TO. Tlhaba; enta (hybrid). INNUAIERABLE. Sedikadiki; SC dikwadikwi. INOFFENSIVE. Bori. IN ORDEil THAT. Gore, followed by verbs ending in e. INOltDINATE. To have an inor dinate liking, chwakgoga; he has an inordinate liking for meat, o chwakgocwe ke nama. INQUIRE, To. Botsa. To inquire as a catechumcn, ipobola. INQUiltEB. A catechumcn, moipobodi. INSANE. Bee MAD. IssANl1'Y. See MADNEss. INSATIABLE. Mata. He is insatiable, o mata. INSENSIBLE. To become, kara lala, iiatega. INSERT, 'l'O. Tseuya; gokcla. 'l'eii; moteii; kwateii; ka ha teii. inside a house, mo teii ga ntlo; he is inside, o mo teii. INSIGNIFICANT. Potlana thata; piitlanyana; nyennye bobe. INSIPID. Ribi ; cola; seshushu. To become insipid, cwa.poga; to make insipid, cwapola. INSOLENl'. See IMPUDEN1'. lNSPAN, TO. Golega. 'l'o inspan for, golegela. INSPECTION. 'rhey will submit the sheep for your inspection, ba tla gu shupetsa nku. INSUBILI'l'Y. .Kakgaakgcgo. INSTANCE, AN. Chupo. For instance, rC. !l'STANTLY. Ka choganeco ; ka bonakonakii. INSTEAD. In the place of, mo bonnoii yoa; rather than, bo golo go ; not, eseii. INSTIGATE, TO. Tlhotlheletsa. INSTINCT. That which excites to, seitlhotlheleco. INSTRUCT. 'l'o direct, laela; to teach, ruta; to tell, laea ; to instruct in regard to, kacla. INSTRUCTION, Thutii ; taeo. !NSTRUliiENT, AN. Sedihi; scdi ho. INSULT, TO. :Epa; pomngeia. INSURRECTION, AN. Cuulolo; pberetlbo. To rise in insur rection, cuulola. IN'l'END. To purpose to do, itlboma; to resolve upon doing, itlboma, ikaelela. INl'EN'r, AN, Boikaelclo. IN'l'EN'l'ION. A thought, boitlbo mo ; a resolve, boikaelclo, boitlbiimo ; to alter, or aban don one's intention, thinya. INTENTIONALLY. Ka bomo; ka omo. INTERCEDE FOR, TO, RapCJela.; emelela. INl'ERCEssoR, AN. Morapeledi.

    PAGE 127

    125 INTERCOURSE. To have friendly intercourse, as between tribes, etclana, tsamaalana; be did not have sexual intercourse with her, ga a ka a tlhakana nac dikobo. lNTERES"r. 'l'o please, kgatlha ; interest of money ; int.ihaco, papalo. INTERLACE. To be interlaced, as the fiugero of both hands, iin.nogana.. lN"l'ERPRET, TO. Phutholola; hetola. Which is, being inter. preted, ke go re ka go phutho lolwa. lNn:RPRETATION, AN. Phuthololo. lNTEilPRETF.R, AN. 1\lophutho lodi; motoloki (hybrid). INTEllltUl'l", TO. 'l'hiba. He in terrupted or stopped him in his speech, o la a mo thiba mu puofi ea gag we; to interrupt., or stop, in speaking, not wishiug to hear more, titinya. INTERSECl". See lN'U:RTIVINF.. Loga; raranya; haranya.. To le intertwined, mrana, hn.mua, logn.gnna. INl'EltvAL, AN. IN'l'ES"l'IXE. See llowi:T,. IN'l'lllA'l'E. I am not intimate with him, ga ke itsn.nye nu.C. INrmmAn:, To. lloitsha; boi hisa. INTo. See IN. They will go into all the land, bt\ tla ea lo lehatshe yeotlhe. IN'l'OXICA'l'ED. See DRUNK. lN'l'ltlCA'l'E. To be intricate, as a winding path, ichopodiagauya. INTRUDE. 'l'o intrude oneself upon, ichubele!a. INvADE, TO. 'l'slina. INVALID. He is an invalid, o di bobo; they are invalids, bn dibobo. lNVER'l'. To turn upside down, phecola ; to turn inside out, tlhanola. INvEsT. See BllRROllND. INVESTIGATE, TO. Tlhotlhomi>a. To investigate very carefully, lotolotsa. INVES'l'IGATION, AN. Tlhotlho misho. INVESTMENT, AN. Scduledi. INV11'E, ro. llitsa. To invite or call to, biletsa. INWARD. 'feii. Theinwardman, motlw oa teii. IRoN. 'l'shipi. A little iron, tshicw:111a; iron ore, bom.I .. ; to iron or mo.ke smooth, shoh. IRONICALLY, '1'0 SPEAK. Noiio!a. l!tltli:PAilAJlLE, or useless. i\la tlhaga. lnRIGATE, 'l'O. Nosa. llmiTA'l'E. 'l'o vex, rumola; to co.use to itch, baba. Is. It is he, ke ena; he ;s ;u the house, o mo tluit; who he? eo, e mo.it? he who js king, eo e lefi kgosi ; what is this ? eit se? it is his food, ke uiyu tsa gagwe, ke cono, diyo ts,, gagwc; I know that it is he, keo, itse ha e le euo.; lte is usuo.lly sick, o tl:t :t ne a bobo. le; it is nothing, e be e se sepC; ga se sepC ; it is never. theless, e be e ntse e le; it is by your help, c ntse e le ka tlmsho ea ga.go; if the light i, or he, darkness, ha lesedi e l.J lehihi. Is NOT. It is not so, ga se yn1o ; is it not so ? a ga sH yalo ? he is not here, ga a eeo ha ; see. ing that it is not the so.bbath, a bo go se sabata; it is not, or it not being, e be e se. IsLAND, AN. Setlhake. A little island, setlhakenyane. Isor,ATED. 'l'o go about alont:', kalaotega ; isolated groups, makumaganyane. IssuE. A continued issue, or overflow, as water from a .fountain, keleketlii ; an issue of blood, medibela; to issue con tinually, ail water from a fonn tain, keleket).a..

    PAGE 128

    126 lsTmiUS, AN. Thamo ea lcha tshe. l'r. See Is AND Is NOT. It is a man, ke Cna monona ; it is nothing, ga se sepc. It' i3 expressed by the noun particles. He perceived it, a lemoga mo, a go lemoga, a e lemoga, etc. ; where it is written, ha go kwa dilweii. gonn.; he who is able to receive it, or this, let him receive it, eo o nonobileii. go nmogela mo, a a go amogele. l'l'cH, 'l'HE. Sebabi. To itch, or be irritable, ba.ba ; to cause to itch, baba; the sore itches, ntho ea baba ; my sore itches, nthii ea me ea mpaba, ke ba ywa. ke nthii. ITCHING. Itching ears, ditscbc tse di babanyegait. ITSELF. Life itself, botshelii le yiina.; the tree itself, set! hare le shona ; heaven itself, lego dimo tiita; to come or appear of itself, as a boil, itshema.. IvoRY. Lonaka loa. tlou. J. JABBER, TO. Balabala. JACKAL, A. Tlhose. A silvPr jackal, phokoye ; a young sil ver jackal, phokoyane ; a kind of animal like a small jackal, tail we ; to how I, as a jackal, kgana. JAY, l'O, Pitla. JANUARY. The month of Janu ary, kgwedi ea herikgoii. JAw. A jaw, or jawbone, lo tlhaea. JEALous, TO BE. Huhana. To make jealous, huhanya ; to be jealous for, hnhanyetsa; they were jealous of, ba le lehuha kaga. ; they were jealous of him, bale ba nna lehuhn nae. JEALOUSY. Lehuha; khuhanii. JEER, TO. Shotla. JELLY. Jelly, or jellied gravy, borerepu, borere. JERK. To jerk a plant out of the ground, kgothcla ; to jerk oneself out of another's grasp, ithuhula ; to jerk any wet thing out of the hand, tsapoht. JEsr. See JoKE. JE'l', To flow out in n je, as blood, sisa. JIXGLE. To jingle, as a woman's ornaments, tlhasinyega. JorN. 'ro join together, loma ganya, kitlanya, kiipanya ; to join, or bridge over between, lomagana; they will join to gether at the top, di tin. kiipanela. kwa godimo; to be joined together at the ends, goka gana ; to join together at the ends, gokaganya; they are joined at the ends, di gokaga nye; to be joined together, side by side, patagana, loma gana, kitla.na; to be joined to gether in alternate layers, matama; the spleen is joined to the stomach, lobete loa mata ma mo mogoduii; to be joined to, or cleave to, iiaparCla; to be joined to, in a continuous line, tlhomagana ; God has joined them, Modimo o ba ko pantse. JOINT. A joint of a limb, toko lolo, lelokololii ; a joint, or join ing, lekitlano ; a wrist, o:r an ankle joint, legweyana; part between the joints, as of a reed and spine, nokwane ; to be out of ,joint, khwiga; to cut, or break off, at a joint, lokolola. J O!NTS OF MEAT. A leg, serope; a shoulder, leciigii ; a. back, mokiitla.; a rib, logopii; a neck, thamo ; a brisket, bokwena ; shoulder, ribs, and leg, cut off by backbone, mohama., mo kgekgethO ; part remaining after these are cut off, mohama o mogolo ; piece of the back bone, letlhOtlhiilo, mokiitii; joints of meat, mahube; many joints of meat, mahubehnbe ;

    PAGE 129

    127 to become cut up into joints, buega ; the meat is cut up into joints, nama e buegile. JoKE, To. Nyaela ; bua dinya. Jokes, dinya. JOKER, A. Mot:ho oa dinya; motho eo o nyaetaii.. JoLr, '1'0. Kgorokotsa. JosTLE. To jostle each other, as a crowd, lrgorometsauya; to jostle, or pull about, shubshuk>L. JouRNEY, A. Loeto, pl. dinycto, diketo. 'l'o journey, eta; t" begin a journey, bolola; to finish a journey, goroga; food for a journey, mohago, mhago ; to journey far, iii.ala; to be absent a long time, fioalela; to take a hurried journey, and re turn quickly, halo la; to journey to another country, etela kwa. lehatshifi le sele; a day's journey, or walk, mosepele on letsnts1; to help one on one's journey, or accompany a little way, buledisa, helegetsa; to journey with, pata ; to journey with, m an inferior capacity, bopela; to journey quickly, kgopoga. JoY. BoitumClo, moipelo. JoYFULLY. Ka boitumelo. JuDGE, A. Mosekisi; moatlhodi. To jndge, sekisa, sekaseka; to arbitrate, atlhola; to judge each other, sekisanya ; to judge or regard, kaea ; to be judge
    PAGE 130

    K. KAFFnts. Black people, ba.tl10 ba ba ncho ; Zulus, matebele ; colonial kalfirs, ma.khonkhobe, Matebele; Basutos, mashutn. KAuoss A. Kobo. A double ka.ross of hartebeest skin, ma s:tri, Int.; white edging round a kaross, peeledi ; Jappet on the bottom of a kaross, moya; the middle lappet of three, tlhn.gare ; collar of a kaross, lokoyc ; corner at t.op of kaross, seatla; hem of a ka.ross, mu. menU ; sea m of a kaross, lro ; o. small kaross, koyana ; a woman's kaross of kgo.mo. skin, motati. KEEN. See SHARP. KEEP. preserve, boloka, sia; tn keep for, or S(Lve for, bolo kelo.; to keep out, thibo.; to l
    PAGE 132

    129 KI'ITEN, A. Katsenyana (hy\>rid}. KLOOF, A. Kgiirii. A kloof without an outlet, mogiigiirii. KNEAD, ro. Duba. A thing to knead in, bodubelii ; a place for kneading, boduyii. KNEE, A. Leiiole. The hollow under a knee, kgodugiichwane; to knee-halter a horse, kina pitse. KNEES. To fall on the knees, khucbama ka ma.iiole ; to force down, or cause to fall on the knees, khuchamisa ka maiiole ; to creep or crawl fast on hands and knees, pharitlha; to be weak in the knees, relema. KNEEL, TO. Khubama; khu chama ka ma.iiiile ; to kneel to, khubamela; to drink while kneeling, tiimama. KNEW. See KNow. KNIFE, A. Thipa. A nick in a knife, lokabo. KNIT, TO. Loga. KNOCK. To knock or rap once, kgwanya, khwanya, konya ; to knock or rap again and again, or often, kgwanyakgwanya, khwanyakhwanya, konya konya ; to knock a bone to get marrow out of it, kgokgotha ; to knock in, or hammer in, kiikiithela ; to knock with a hammer, as a smith, thula; to knock or strike down, ntaea ; to knock each other down, ntaana ; to knock against each other (of things), khutlana; to knock each other, as knees, ntaana ; to knock things against each other, khutlanya; to knock against with head, foot, etc., khntla; I shall knock against the wall, ke tla khutla lomiita, ke tla khutlwa ke lomiita; to knock violently against each other, or come into collision, thulana; to knock a pick, etc., on the ground to get it off the handle, kgola ; to knock against a stone, khutlwa ke lencwe; to knock down, or throw down, diga, piriganya ; to linock Wa.ter from side to side, cubna; to knock an udder with a hand when milking, thenya. KNOT, A. Lehutii. A slipknot, segiile; a difficult or intricate knot, lelepa; a knot in wood, lephoto ; a knot in a stick where a leaf has been taken off, legotlhii ; a knot where a bud or branch has been cut off, letlhokotlii ; to tie a knot, huna lehutii ; to tie a knot in grass, huna boya.ii; to make a knot in fastening ofF when sewing, kiinCla ; to untie a knot, hunolola lehutii; to nu fasten a knot made in sewing, konolola. KNO"rTED, or gnarled, segwe letlha ; knotted or matted, of wool, etc., digare. KNOW, TO. Itse. To know each other, itsanya ; to cause to kn01v, itsise ; you know, aitse, aitsane ; they know of a truth, or once for all, ba itsetse rure ; he did not know him, a se ka a itsanya nae ; to let the people know, go itsise batho; to make known, senola; I know him very well, kea mo itse sebele bele. KNOWLEDGE. Kicii. Self-know ledge, boikitsisho. KNOWN. To be known, itsiwe ; To become known, itsehala, itsege, senoga; he is well known, o itsege, o na le botho. KNUCKLE. A knuckle on a hand, tokololii; knuckles, ditokololii, malokololii; a knuckle of meat, letlhadio. KORAN, A. Tlatlawe. KRALL, A. Lesaka. Kralls, masaka, maraka ; a large krall with several gates, mosakii ; an unenclosed krall,'sebothii; a kid krall, serubi ; put them in the krall, di tlhatlheie mo sakeii. I

    PAGE 133

    130 L. LABOUR. 'l'iho. To labour, diha, bereka (hybrid); to labour hard and perspire, huhula; to be in labour, see BIRTH ; to labour for oneself, or gain for oneself by toil, ikgokgolela, ipapalela; to labour, a.s a parent for his child, tsenela letsapa. LABOURER, A. Modihi; mmereki (hybrid). LACERATE. To tear, gagola; to become lacerated or torn, gagogile. LAcK, TO. Tlhiika. To cause to lack, tlhokisa; those who lack teaching, ba ba tlhaecweii ke thutii. LADDER, A. Sepalamii ; sepa gamo. LADEN. To be burdened, imclwa; the waggon is hea.vily laden, koloi e laecwe thata. LADLE, A. Dusho. LADY, A. Mobumagadi. LAG. 'l'o lag behind, tenega, diega; a !agger behind, sekoba. LAGER, A. Mosakii; laara (hybrid). LAGGARD, A. Sekoba. LAID. 'l'o become laid open, senoga. L.A.IR. A lion's lair, kutla. LAKE, A. Letsha. LAliB, A. Kwana. A little lamb, kwanyana ; lamb meat, nama eakwana. LAME. To be lame, tlhotsa; to make lame, tlhotsisa ; a lame person, setlhotsa., motlhotsi ; to be helplessly lame, nnana ; a helplessly lame person, mo nnani. LAMENESS. Setlhotsa. LAMP, A. Lobone. LANCE. A spear, Lerumo ; to lance a aore, ara ; to lance oneself, ikara; to la.nce freely, or make a large opening, arola, a.bola. LA:I'D, A. Lehatshe. LANE, A. Seherii. A little lane, seherwana. LANGUAGE. Puo. A partially known language, chomi ; to talk a language imperfectly, chiima. LANGUID, TO BE. Phepa. LANGUISH, TO. To be very weary, kgobega. LANTERN, A. Ntlo ea lobone. LAP. To lap, as a cat, lacwa; to lap noisily, as a dog, tlhapu ketsa ; to put a child to sit or lie on a lap, hara. LAPPET. A lappet of a kaross, moya. LAPWING, A. Lethacane. LARGE. Kgolo; golo; tonna. A large knife, thipa e kgolo, thipa a tonna ; a large tree, setlhare se se golo.; to become large, tota, totahala ; so large (size being specified), kana; very large, see IMMENSE; large.(of eyes), makalaba. LASCIVIOUSNESS. Boaka. LAss, A. See GmL. LAsT. The last, oa bohelo, bohelo, boheco ; the last child a woman will have, gohele, goahele; last night, bosigo yo bo hetileii ; last year, iiogiila ; the last, or last one, oa bohelii ; he is the last, or the slowest, o sekoba. LASTLY. Ga bobelii. LATE. To lie late in the morn ing, selwa; do not lie late, u se ka ua selwa; he has lain late, o secwe; late in the day, ka maabanyane. LATELY. Yale ; bosha ; bosheii; sesheii. A little time ago, malo ha; he who came lately, eo o simolaii a tla; they lately knew nothing, ba simogile e le ba ba sa itseii sepe. LAT'riCE WORK in wood. Dikgoii tse di raranyeii. LAUGH. To laugh aloud, tshega; a laugh, setsbegii ; to laugh at, tshega. LA VE. To lave with cold water,

    PAGE 134

    131 kolobetsa; to lave or foment with hot water, apaea. ka metse a bothitho, thiiba. LAVISH. To lavish or squander, saha ; he is lavish, o seha halele. LAVISHNESS. Bohahalele. LAw, A. Molaii; tao. To be submissive to law, laolega, laolesega; to go to law, seka.; to keep a law, boloka molaii ; to break a law, tlola molaii ; to lay down a law, laea; to lay dO\vn a law for all the people, tlhiimela batho botlhe molaii; abrogate a law, laolola molaii; he goes to law with his brother. a ea. go seka le mokauleii.we oa. gagwe. LAWFUL. It is lawful, go laocwe; that which is not lawful, se se sa laolwaii.. LAWLESS, 'fO BE. Naloga. A lawless one, moii.ala; lawless people, batho ha ba sa laolegeii., batho ba ba sa laolesegeii.. LAWLESSNESS. Bokgola; bokgiipii. LAXITY. Lax or laxity, as an easy-going ruler, bolea. LAY. 'l'o layan egg, tsala; to lay down, or cause to lie down (of a. person), la.tsa.; (of a. thing), ba.ea. ; to lay oneself down, itelega.; to lay hold of, chwara.; to lay on, baea ; to lay down before them, ba. beela pele ; to lay up for oneself, ikoko tleletsa ; to lay one thing across another, phekaganya ; to lay by, or put on one side, beela thokii; to lay hold of, as a dog with its teeth, ii.aparela. ; to lay hold of and refuse to let go, ; to lay hold of and lift a thing between the hands, ka.nka.betsa. LAYERS. To make a wall, etc., in layers, bopelela. LAYING. A laying on, peo. L4ZILY. To do anything lazily and without effort, itlea. LAZY. See IDLE. LEAD. To draw, giiga; to lead out water, ntsba metse; to take the lead, or lead the way, bopeletsa ; to lead or pull away by arm, rope, etc., thuula.; to lead to or into, giigela. ; they were led along by the others, di le tsa kgo kgweediwa ke tse diii.we. LEADER, A. Mogogi. A leader of oxen, mochwara.kgiile. LEAF, A. Lekakaba. A leaf of a book, tsebii; a stripped off leaf, lehotlbO ; leaf of a reed, mogwaii.; to burst into leaf, tlhoga ; to put forth leaves, tlhoga makakaba. ; to strip off leaves, hotlha; to fall off, as leaves, tlhotlhorega; to turn over the leaves of a book, menolola. LEAGUE. See TREATY. LEAK. To leak, dutla ; to leak, as the roof of a house, na ; to leak, as a pot, or wooden vessel; piiriitla ; to leak, as a milksack from a badly fitting plug, ntaea kgokgwane ; to leak much, as a roof, piiriipiitlba.; to cease to leak, as a barrel when wet, kanya. ; it no longer leaks, e ka.ntse. Lean (of meat), chushu; lean (of an animal), mokoduwe; to become lean (of an animal), bopama ; to lean, pheka.ma ; it leans, se pkeka.me ; to lean oneself back against something, ikaega; to cause one thing to lean against another, aega ; to lean back, as the upper part of body, penoga ; to lean back, so as to look up, lelala ; to cause the head to lean back so as to look up, lelatsa tlhiigii ; to lean upon a staff with chest; or hand, or side, itlbabetsa ; to lean the head or cheek upon palm of hand, ichwara boyaba ; he leaned himself on the top of his staff, o la a ikokotletsa ka

    PAGE 135

    132 tlhiigii ea thiibane; to remove a leaning thing, aegolola ; to hold a thing in a leaning or slanting position, tsekega, se kega, phekega; to lean upon, ikiikiitlela ; to lean to, as a Secwana door, phekalega; to lean back upon, ikaega mo. LEAP, TO. Tlola; tsapola. To leap with joy, kalapa. LEARN, TO. lthuta. To learn of me, ithuta mo go nna ; to learn by careful enquiry, tlho tlhomisa. LEAST. Bee SMALL. LEATHER. Letlalii. LEAVE. To go away from, tlo gela ; to retire to a distance, katoga; to leave alone, lesa; to go away from others, ikeola; to leave food, etc., sadisa; to leave desolate, tlhoboga dikhutsana; to leave in a body, or with all one's things, ikgoshola; to leave a place, or people, and go far away, ikakga; to leave for oneself, itshadisa; to leave on one side, or pass by without going to, ntela, ditcla; leave out, or do nothing with, ntcla, ditcla ; to leave, or go away, tsamaea; they leave the outposts, ba tloga ka meraka.; he was debarred from leaving, ba mo tlhokisa tsela; to leave a hiding, sleeping, or resting place, bothologa, bo thonoga. LEAVEN. Sebedishii; letlhabcgii. 'l'o leaven, bedisa; to become leavened, bela. Fragments of food, matlhotlhora, matlhotlhora. LEDGE. A narrow shelf, sephakwana. LEECH, A. Monopi. LEES OF NA1'IVE BEER. Dintshe. LEFT. See LEAVE. A left hand, seatla sa. molema ; he is left banded, o molema. LEG, A. Lekoto. Legs, maoto ; hind leg of a. dead animal, serope ; front leg of a dead animal, lecogo ; to be stretched far apart, as legs, hatalala ; to stretch legs far apart, ha.ta latsa ; to be much curved, or bent out, as legs, tlatlarala. ; to walk slowly, with legs stretched far apart, hanka. LEGEND, A. 'l'lhamane. LEGGED. To be bow-legged, goba; he is bow-legged, o digobO. LEISURE. I have no leisure, ke kakilwe ke tihii, tihO ea nkaka., ke kakegile. LEND, TO. Adima. To lend a milk cow, etc., to, siela; to lend to, adima ; I will lend him a waggon, ke tla mo adima koloi ; a thing lent, leadimo ; an animal lent with a view to in crease, lehisa ; to use a thing beyond the time from which it has been lent, hakuha ; to pass from one to another, as a thing often lent, akgan wa; he is one lvho takes ba.ck a lent thing before the t.ime agreed upon has expired, o lotlhotlhO. LENGTH. Bolele; botelele. To speak at length, bna ka thano lo. LENGTHEN, TO. Lelehatsa. To lengthen by stretching, shwa pola ; to make higher, goletsa ; to add to, tlhomaganya ; to splice, tlhome!ela; to lengthen (of speech), golola pno, golora le puo, lelahatsa puo. LENG'rHWISE. Ka bolele. LEOPARD, A. Leii.au. A young leopard, leii.anana. LEPER, A. Moleperwi (hybrid) ; molepero (hybrid). LEPROSY. Lepero (hybrid). LEss. To become less, ii.otlcga. LESSEN. To diminish by taking out, hokotsa. LESSON, A. Thutii. LEST. E ka re kgotsa; e se be kgotsa; e se re kgotsa; e ka re goii.we. Lest I buy, gore e se

    PAGE 136

    133 re kgotsa. ke reka.; lest a. tumult arise, go ka. tla. ga. na. phudue go. LET. Let us go, a. re tsa.ma.en; let us two go, a. re tsa.ma.e ; let there be light, a. lesedi le nne ; let it not be so, a. go se nne ya.lo ; let me speak, mma. ke hue, nketla ke hue, ntetla. ke hue ; let them not be among you, a. di se nne mo go Iona. ; let us enter, a. re tsenen; let it go, a. e ee ; let me alone, ntesa.; to let alone, lesa.; to let go (of a. person), rebola.; to let out, or enlarge, as a. garment, khutlo lola; to let go (of something in a. closed hand), huporola.; to let down, as a. bird its wings, le sholola. LETTER. A document, lokwa.lo; a. letter of the alphabet, tlha.ka.. LEVEL. See FLAT. A level, bopo.petla.; to be level, papa mala.; to put on the same level with, or compare, bapisa; to make level, or smooth out, as earth, pa.pama.; the road is level, tsela. e pa.pametse. LEVER. To raise a thing by a. lever, matolola, mantolola. LEWD. A lewd person, mma. tedi. LIAR, A. Moaki. You are a liar, u mv.a.Jra. LIBERALITY. MphQ. LIBERA1'E, To. Golola. LIBERTIES. To take indecent liberties with, isetsa., kgokgo metsa. LIBERTY. Kgololego. LICE. See LousE. LICENCE. Licence money, madi a. tema.lo, madi a ta.malo. LICK, TO. Lacwa.. To lick one self, itacwa.; to lick up with one lick, la.ila ; to lick up by licking again and again, laka.ila.; to lick up, as a. fire, la.ila., la ka.ila; to scrape out food with a. finger, and lick it, gora.; to lick oneself, as a. dog its wounds, ikgora. ; to lick sores, as a dog, ronkga; to lick its own sores, dinthO. LID, A. SekhurumelO. The lid of a Secwaua. pot, moritshana, mohaya.na; an eyelid, losi, pl. dintshi. LIE, A. Kako; lea.ka.. Lies, maaka.; gross lies, maaka a tshetlha. ; to tell lies, or lie, aka.; to tell lies to, or lie a. bout, a.ki\la., aketsa ; to lie against, or for a. purpose, aketsa. ; to lie to each other, aketsa.nya ; to deceive by lying, hora; to pub lish false stories, ra.raa.nyetsa. ; to lie down, lala, roba.la., goba lala ; to lie with head on arm or hand as a. pillow, itsametsa; to lie in a blaze, or heat, tho ka.mlila ; to lie in the sun, seka mela. ; to lie with legs and arms drawn up, ikhuna. ; to lie with legs folded across, ipha.:rU.; to lie stretched out stillly, as a. dead animal, nama.lala, toto halo., totomala, kakaba.la; to lie on the belly, panyega ka se bete, pacama ka. se bete ; to lie on the face or stomach, ribama.; to lie upon, with the whole body, gatelela. ; to lie across, pheka.lala., rapalala ; to cause to lie down, latsa, ri>ba.. tsa. ; to lie on the side, ra.paraa., rapega; to lie on the back, tlhana.ma, tlhanama. ka. mo tlhana., ka.nama ka. mokotla ; to put a. person to lie on his back, tlhanega; to lie crouching, or llat, so as to hide, bata.lala ; to lie with, la.Ja le; to lie with him, !ala. nae ; to lie in wait for, or lie at the catch, la.leta.; I will lie in wait for him, ke tla. mo l11.lela; to lie in after a. confinement, elama. ; to lie late in the morning, see LATE; to lie upon each other, or be piled up, tlha.tlagana. ; to lie, or be lying in the road, as a. fallen sack, or drunken man, bidila.Ja ;

    PAGE 137

    it is lying in the road, e bidi letse mo tseleii. LIFE. Botshelo. To give signs of ,life, by moving, bukunya, bukunyega ; to come to life, or revive, rulwa; to bring to life, or cause to revive, rudisa; to be careless of life, itlhoa. LIF'r, TO. Cboletsa. To lift up by putting a hand, or lever under, matolola, mantolola; to lift up a heavy thing, runya; to lift up, or assist to rise, kakatlolola ; to lift up an arm, as if about to strike, eka, eka eka; to lift oneself up, ikina molola ; to lift up the eyes, or look up, lelala ; to lift a thing between both hands, kanka betsa; to lift up, and throw over, henola; to lift up a thing in order to look or search under it, henosa ; to lift up, or hold, between hands or arms, kakamara; to lift oneself up, as in leaping, inanola ; to lift up the head after bending the neck, iibamologa; to lift up the head after bending the back, inamologa ; to lift or raise up, as a mole earth, or a man a box on to his shoulder, runya; to lift up, or make proud, bela; to be lifted up, or made proud, belwa; to lift, and throw down in wrestling, chweka. LIGHT. Lesedi. An artificial light, lobone, pl. dipiine; a very dim light, lorotho, loro thwana; a ray of light, maraii; the lights of many fires, ma nyediyedi ; a little light, as of stars, or moon, phepa; light (of weight), seheho, boheho, le khaha, motlhiihii, motlhoho, mokhOhO ; light, or thin, in texture, lotsatsa ; he is light coloured, o phepa; a light coloured person, or albino, leshahe, to become light (of weight)1 hehohala; to make light, nehohatsa ; to make 134 light, as opposed to darkness, sedihatsa ; to become a little light, phepahala; to give light, or cause to see, bonesa ; to bring to light, or reveal, sinosa; to move out of the light, sino ga; move out of his light, mo sinoge ; to strike a light, he tlha; to light a fire, gotsa molelo ; to light a candle, chuba lobiine ; to light one thing by another, timega ; to li!fht upon, or come upon, we la. LIGHTEN. To lighten (of light ning), gadima; to make less heavy, behohatsa, hokotsa bokete. LIGHTNING. Logadima. A thunderbolt, tladi ; to shine, as lightning, badima; to flicker, as distant lightning, bebenya. LIKE, TO. Rata. To be pleasing to, or satisfactory, tsalaba; to be like or alike, chwana; he is like him, 0 chwana nae; he is like him, or such as he is, o kana ka ena ; it is like an ox, go etsa kgomo. LIKING. 1'o have an inordinate liking for, chwakgoga; he has a great liking for meat, o chwakgocwe ke nama. LIKELY. It will most likely be his, ekete e tla bo e le ea gagwe. 1 LIKEN. To liken to, or compare with, chwantsha le, chwautsha ka. LIKENESS, A. Sechwanii, se chwanchii. LILY. The bulb of a lily, leshii ma; the flower of a lily, phuhi ea leshiima. LIMB, A. Tokololii. To become weary, or numbed in the limbs, lesbologa. LiliESTONE. A block or slab of limestone with holes and de pressions in it, lenyaphiri. LIMIT. Without limit, sedika diki, sedikwaqikwL

    PAGE 138

    135 LIXP, TO. Tlhotsa; relema. LIMPID, TO BECOME. ltsheka. LINE. A cord, lodi; a path, tsela ; to walk in line, or in single file, bopelela, kelebela; to go in a straight line, rala ; to draw a straight line, rala ; a straight line, moralo ; to be in line, side by side, iphapha. LINEAGE. Losika. LINEN. Lene, (hybrid). Cloth, kgai, khai. JJINGER, TO. Diega. LINTEL, A. Searamii ; phako ea moyakii. LION, A. Tau. A young lion, lednmedi ; a lion's cub, tau ana ; a lion with large bushy mane, seririntlhok\ve; to walk with lordly tread, as a lion, fiobiita; a lion's lair, or sleep ing place, kutla; a lion's geni tals, dilau; to roar, as a lion, haologa, duma; a loud roar (of a lion), logan. LIP, A. Pounama. To purse up the lips in token of contempt, shwinya. LIQUOR. Intoxicating liquor, boyalwa. TO. Reetsa; retsa; ntlwa. To listen to atten tively, or obey, akela; to incline the ear, inega tse be ; to sit with head in a listening attitude, iba ditsehe ; to refuse to listen, and take one's own course, gwalala ; they refused to listen to him, ba mo khutlogela hela. LISTENER, A. Moreetsi; more tsi. LrrTER. See RuBBISH. LITTLE. A little, go le go nnye, go le go nnyennye ; to become little, nnyehala ; a little dog, nca e e piitlana; a little water, metse a ma nnye ; a very little water, metse a ma nnyennyane; a little while, lobakanyana, kganteye, kgantele ; a little bit of anything, kabetlana ; kape tlana; little by little, ka thaholii; a little, lemme; he has only given me a little, o nneile lemme hela. LITTLENESS. Bonnyennye; bo botlana. LIVE, m. Tshela. We still live, re sa tshedile ; to survive, phela ; to cause to live, or keep alive, tshedisa; where do you live ? n agile kae ? they still live, or exist, ba sa leeii; to live with, and in the care of, agelela; they live with him, ba agCllila ha go ena, ba age lela mo go ena; to live near, or on friendly terms with, ika maganya le, ikama. LIVER, A. Sebete. LIVING. A living thing, setshe di, setshidi. A living one, ruotshedi, motshidi. LIZARD, A. Kgatwane, lnt. A smooth black lizard, modicwe; a rough lizard, blue on throat, kgantlape, kgantlapane, tlan tlape; a red lizard, patadikga gane. Lo! Bona pl. biina.fi! LOAD. To lead, or gather into a waggon, etc. 1 iile!a; to load a gun, tlhatlhela; to load a pack-ox, belesa ; the waggon is loaded, koloe o olecwe ; a load, foraga (hybrid) ; a load or pack, mokgweleo ; mo kgweleii ; a load or burden, for the head, moralii. LoAF, A. Bogiibe. LoATHE. To loathe, or be sur feited, tenwa; I loathe my food, kea ten wa ke diyii tsa me. LoA"rHSO:llE, or despised, Nyatsega. LOCHIAL DISCHARGE. To cease (of the lochial discharge), aloga botsetse. LocK, TO. Kiipela. A lock of hair, lekandi ; it is locked in the house, se kopelecwe mo tlnfi; a lock, seliitii (hybrid). LocusT, A. l'sie. A stray locust,

    PAGE 139

    leniito. The leg of a locust, leniitii ; a kind of large, red locust, molome ; a kind of wingJess locust, matane, lechocho ; a kind of large yellowish locust, kgope ; a large bright-coloured locust, which emits a strong smell, legotutua i eggs of lo custs, mae a tsie ; to lay (of locusts), tsala.; to bore for lay ing, hetlha ; young locusts, boiyane ; locusts in the first stage, diutsi ; in second stage, hoppers, mesitla.phala; in third stage, that preVIous to flying, mogokoii.; fat locusts, good for eating, motlha.kane ; locusts in the flying stage, segoii.wane ; a swarm of locusts, lekgathi ya. tsie ; a large swarm, leshogodi. LOCUST BIRD. A large white locust bird, lekiiliilwana ; a small kind of locust bird, le tlhapelapula.. LoDGE, TO. Lala; riihala. A lodging place, bonnii. Lol!TY. See HIGH. LoG, A. Morapatse. A short and thick log, sekiimiita. LoGGERHEADS. To be'at logger heads with tlhiianya le ; to be at loggerheads with each other, kgotlhagana ; he sets the child at loggerheads with his father, oa kgotlhaganya ii.wana le ha ragwl'l. LorNS,THE. Lotheka; ditheka; mankopa ; mankwitsipi. To fasten anything round the loins, cwala; to fasten a thing round the loins for another person, cwesa. LOITER, TO. Diega. To loiter about a person's premises, he resa. LOITERER, A. Sekoba. LoNELY. To feel lonely, yewa ke bodutu ; to go about alone, kalaotega. LONELINESS. Boyosi; bodutu. LoNG. Lele ; telele. A long time, lobaka lo lo lele; a long 136 stick, thupa e e telele ; a long finger, monwana o mo lele; how long? go lele go le kae ? go lele go kae? long, draggling garments, diaparii tse di kgo kgothaii. ; to become long, lele hala, lelahala. ; to cause to be come long, lelehatsa, lelahatsa ; very long, lelelele ; the path is very long, tsela e telele thata ; a long strip of anything, cwa ketla; tomakeinto along strip, cwaketla. LoNG AGO. Bogologolo. Very long ago, bogologolo tala. ; he went away long ago, o la a se bolo go tsamaea, ga a bolo go tsamaea ; I haye bought long ago, ke le ke sa bolo go reka ; he made a chair long ago, o dikile a dihile setulo. LoNGER. He no longer loves, ga a tlhole a rata, ga a tlhola a rata ; I no longer bought, ke le ke sa tlhole ke reka ; he was unable to keep silence any longer, o la a retelelwa ke go tlhiila a didimala. ; it is no longer nice, ga a tlbole a le monate ; he did not allow him to snck it any longer, a sa mo leseletse go tlhola. a se anya. LONG FOR. To long for a thing previously possessed, or a per son previously seen, tlhologe le!wa; I long for them, kea tlhologele!wa go di biina, ke tlhologelecwe go di biina ; he longed to see him, a la a tlho logele!wa a ba a mmiina; to long for what one has not yet had, eletsa ; to long for, or wish to have, meletsa. LoNGSUl'FERING. Boiphapaanyii; bopelotelele. LooK, OR LOOK At, TO. Leba. To cause to look, lebisa; to look towards, leba kwa ; to look on, leba ; to look intently, gwaila, tsepega matlhii, gorola, gobola; he will look at him in-

    PAGE 140

    137 tently, o tla. mo gwa.ileia matlhii, o tla mo tsepegela. matlhii, o tla mo tlhabetsa ka malthii, o tla mo gobolela matlhii, o tla mo kalela. matlhii ; to look back, sheba ; to look round about quickly,shebasheba,kiibakiiba; to look up, lelala, lelaleia godi mo ; to look into carefully, or examine, keleka; to look down, leba kwa tlhatshe, lebelela tlhatshe ; to look straight in front, hulara ; to look for, or seek, batla, senka ; to look upon, or esteem, kaea; to look at, and turn the eyes quickly away, phadimola; to look out for people, or beware of them, tlhaleha batho; to look for, or expect, lebelela ; to look over the shoulder, kiiba, sheba; to look down upon, or so as to consider, okomela, iikiimeia; to look sideways, gadima; to look at each other sideways, gadi mana; to look with one eye partly closed, and the lids puckered, shiika leitlhii ; to look aside or round, with eyes turned down, tiiba; to look forward eagerly with raised eyes, papalatsa matlhii ; to look at earnestly, or watchfully, tsetseleka ; to look sorrowful, or disappointed, beha, tlhonya; to look like, or be like, chwana; to look for with certainty, kii ha pelo ; to look over, or have oversight of, lebaleba. LOOKING GLASS, A. Seiponi. LooP. .A loop in a rhiem, segwe; to make a loop, or knot in fastening off sewing, kiinela; to unfasten a loop, konolola. LoosE. To loose, or unfasten a sticking thing, iiaparola; it is loose, or unfastened; se iiapa rocwe ; to loose, or set free, golola ; to become loose, or slack, repa ; it is loose, se re pile ; to be loose, or shake from loose:oess, goshiima ; to become loose (of a rhiem, tied tongue, etc.) kgolologa; to make loose, as a rhiem, etc., kgololola ; to become loose, as stones on a cliff, mauologa; to make loose, as stones, manolola ; to tie a knot loosely, lea ; the knot is loose, lehutii le leilwe; to be loose, or shaky, as a disjointed thing, or loose pole, leketla ; loose, as carded wool, bolea. LooSENESS. .As of a disjointed thing, boleketla. LoRD, A. Morena .A proud, lordly one, mogiima, modipa ; they lord it over them, ba le bodipa mo go biina; ha le bo giima mo go bona. LoRDLY. .A lordly one, modipa, mogiima. LORDSHIP. Bodipa; bogiima. LosE. You will lose your knife, thipa ea gago e tla latlhega, u tla latlhegelwa ke thipa ea gago ; he will lose an ox, by death, o tla shweJ wa ke kgomo ; he has lost an ox, by death, o shwecwe ke kgomo; he did not lose anything, or have it de stroyed, go. a ka a senyegelwa ke sepe ; to lose one's presence of mind from fright, pharama. Loss, A. Tatlhegii; lehuma. To make good a loss, acwa ; my friends will make good my losses, ditsala tsa me di tla nkacwa ; to be at a loss what to do, kamega. LosT, TO BE. Latlbega. To be come lost, or stray, timeJa; I have lost my knife, ke latlhe gelwa ke thipa ea me; I have entirely lost my knife, ke la tlhegecwe ke thipa ea me ; it is not lost, ga sea latlhi\ga; the lost, balatlhegi. Lo1. To cast in one's lot with him, go patagana nae. LoTs. To draw lots, shomola; a drawing of lots, chomolii ; to cast lots by dice, tbela bola ; tshela bola ; they cast lots for

    PAGE 141

    them, or decided about them by the dice, ha le ha di laola ka bola; to sepamte cattle into lots. for drinking, noketsa, m hola. LoTH. To be loth to do any thing, itsemeletsa ; nyiikiiliiga, liosela. Loun. A loud voice, lencwe ye le godileii. LoUDER. To talk or shout louder than others, thomeletsa. LOUDLY. To talk loudly, gelebetega. LousE, A. Nta, pl. dinta. To kill a louse against the kata ; to kill a louse between the thumb nails, runa; an egg or nit of a louse, lentsetse, letsetse. LouT, A. Setho. LovE. LomtO. Mutual love, tetlanyii. To love, rata; to love very much, tlikietsa; to love one more than another, letla ; to cease to love what one had loved before, giila ; a loved one, momtwi, moratiwa. LoVER, A. Momti. She is a free lover, ke ena mosadi Olt matlo mantsi. Low. To low, as a cow, lela; to bring low, or humiliate, niiliihn.tsa, kgiibalatsa ; to be low, go nn:t tlha.tshe; one of low degree, khutsana.. LoWER. To lower a sail, koko betsa sail ; to let down, or make lower, lesholola. LowEsT. The lowest place, bo tlhatshetlhatshe. LOWLINESS. Boikokobeco. LowLY. Lowly in heart, or lowliness of hea.rt, boikokobeco yoa. pelo. LOWERING. The sky is lowering, legodimo le boncho. LUBRICA"rE, TO. Tsb:tsa; hiim:t. To drop in oil, logetsa. J,ucKY. He is lucky, o tshego. LHKEWARM. 1\[otJha; bothithii; bothuthii. 138 LULL. A stillness after a wind, mohiilehiile. LULLABY, A. Kurweco. LuMP. A lump of wet cla.y, or dung, preplued for smearing, loribi; a lump of dry cla.y, lekiite ; a. lump of pa.ste made of locusts and berries, moiioloi; 1t lump, or swelling, see SWELL ING. LUNATIC, A. Setsenii. LUNG, A. Lechwaho; lekhwa.ho ; lekgwn.bo. LUNG SICKNESS IN CATTLE. Ntar-n.mane ; nteramane. LuRcH, to. Thekela. LURE, TO. Raela. LusT. Kgatlhegii; boakii. To lust, kgatlhega; to desire, eJetsa ; to covet, iphetlha. LuxuRIES. 1\Iaitlhapedishii. LuxuRY. To live in luxury, itlhapedisa. ; to eat luxuries, ya. monate. LYING. A lying in wait, talelii ; a lying down, thiibalii ; to be lying in the roa.d, as a fallen sack, etc., bidil:tht ; it is lying in the road, e bidiletse mo tseleii; a lying in, see BIRTH. LYNX, A. Lekobo; thw:tne. M. MAD, To nE. Tsenwa.. He is m:td, oa tsenwa; to make mad, tsentsha ; to be mn.d against, galakeia. MADE. To be m:tde, dihwa ; it is made, se dibilwe; he has made up his mind to go, o laotse go ea ; o ikaeletse go en.. MADMAN, A. Setsenii; oa se tsenii; oa setsenwa. MADNESS. Botsi"mii ; setsi"mii ; botsi"mwa. MAGG01', A. Seboko. Maggots, mautsana ; the meat has mag gots, nama ea nyeu.Ja diboko ; diboko dia nyeul:t mo nn.meli. MAID, A. See GIRL. A servant maid, lelata; an old maid, kgarebe, lekgarebe.

    PAGE 142

    139 MAIDENHOOD. Boroba. MAIMED. To become maimed, golahala ; he is maimed, o golahetse ; to be maimed by having lost a limb, or a mem ber, bogonoko ; a maimed one, segole ; the maimed state, bogole. MAIZE. See MEALIES. MAKE, TO. Diha. 1-'o make, or gain by trading, bapala ; to form, or mould, bopa ; make anything out of wood, betlha ; to make ready, see PREPARE; to make a treaty, golagana; to make away with a person's things, lolora; to make a path, ntsha tsela; to make an opening, phunya kgoro. MAKER, A. Modihi ; mmopi. MALE. Tona; nona. Anumber of males, lonona, lotona ; a number of male children, tshi mane; male and female, nona le tsbadi. MALIGN, TO. Pateletsa. MALLET, A. Monteo; titeeJo. MAN, A. Monona; monna. A ruighty man, seganka ; an old man, mocohe ; monna mogolo ; a little, or old man, monnonyana ; a young man, leko loane. MANE, A. Moetse; seditse. MANGE. Sebabi. MANHOOD. Botho. MANIFEST. To become manifest, bonatshega; "to be laid open or known, senoga; to be con spicuous, pepenwa; to reveal, sinosa ; to make manifest, bonatsha, senola, pepena ; to become manifested, bonatshega ; to be manifested, or made visible, bonatsiwa. MANIFOLD. The manifold grace, tshegabaco e ntsintsi. MANLINESS. Botho ; natlahalo. MANLY, TO BECOME. No!obala; natlahala. He is manly, o na le botho. MANNER, A. Mokgwa. All man-ner of evil, boshula boiiwe le boiiwe. MANTATEE A. Lekgadi. A-IAN'r!S. See HoTTENl'OT GOD. MANTLE. See KAROSS. MANY. Ntsi. With the particles. Many people, batho bantsi ; many nations, merahe mentsi ; how many people ? batho ba kae? a great many, or a multi tude, bontsi; bontsintsi ; many oxen, dikgomo di le dintsi ; they are not many (of oxen), di se dintsi; so many, bontsi yo bo kalo. MARAUDER, A. Senokwane. MARCH. The month of March, kgwedi ea mopitlwe. MARE, A. Pitse e namagadi. MARGIN. The margin of a river, losi. MARIGOLD, plant and ftower, cheshe. MARK. A sign, seshupo; a brand, lochwao; mothisa; a distinguishing mark, sei'lle ; the mark of a burn, seele ; a mark, or scar, lobadi, pl. dipadi ; to mark, or brand, chwaea; to mark out a founda tion, tbaea; to mark by a straight line, raJa; to make, or put in a mark, as a sign for guidance, beelela ; to mark, or take notice of, ela tlboko; to mark, or observe, lepa; to mark time, bala lobaka; to miss the mark, hosa; to mark by cutting a scallop in the ear, huhumela ; you have hit the mark, or spoken appropriately, u tantse yaka kama; it was marked, or branded, e le ea bewa lochwa6; to mark for, and give to, chwaela. MARKET, A. Mareko (hybrid). A meeting place, boraka lano. MARKS. To make marks on the body, ranya; what are its dis tinctive marks or colours ? e cai!?

    PAGE 143

    MARKSMAN. He is a good marks man, o maroka ; o marwaka. MARRIAGE, A. Kemisho; nyalo; nyalano. A marriage feast, mabotsa, modiho. MARROW. Moko; moko. To extract marrow by knocking the bone, kgokgotha. MARRY. He will marry, o tla nyala, o tla teaea; she will marry him, or be married by him, 0 tla nyalwa ke ena; 0 tla tsewa ke ena; he has married in polygamy, o nyetse lehuha ; she has been married in polygamy, o nyecwe lehuba; to marry against consent of parents, go ea madilotsane; a newly married man, moraladi. MARSH, A. Lehatshe ya Jotlhaka. MAsH. To mash vegetables, hudua; mashed vegetables, logadu, dikgadu. MAsoN-BEE, A. Ntsieapudnmo. MAss, A. Botonna. MASSACRE, A. Kgailo. To mas sacre, gaila. MASSAGE. To practise massage, sedila. MASTER, A. Muii; morena; your master, muiiwago; your masters, beii ba Iona ; a hard master, modipa; to master, or press down to the ground, beteleia. MASTJCATE, TO. Tlhahuna. MAT. A rush mat, mosema. MATCH, A. Logoii loa molelo. He wanted to be a match for his friend, o la a rata go nonohela tsala ea gagwe ; to strike a match, hetlha, kgwara. MATCHED in colour, malebagaii. MATCHES. Dikgoii tsa molelo; fur ouches (hybrid). MATE, A. Molekane. MATTED, as wool, etc., digare. Matted wool, bobiiea yoa digare. MATTER. Pus, boladu. What is the matter? go ntse yaii. ? it does not matter, ga se sepe, 140 MATTRESS, A. Phate. MAW. A crop, nchu; a stomach, mogodu. MAY. The month of May, kgwedi ea phukwi ; we may go, re ka ea ; that we may serve them, gore re ba dihele ; gore re tie re ba dihele ; there may be two, e ka ne e le babedi ; ba ka ne ba le babedi; it may be, e ka ne e le; they may be de spised, di ka tla tsa nyadiwa ; that I may eat, gore ke tie ke ye ; we may not, or cannot go, ga re kake ra ea. ME. To love me, nthata ; to kill me, mpolaea ; to help me, nthusa; to deliver me, nkgo lola. MEAGRE. To become meagre, ota ; to make meagre, otisa. MEAL. Bupe ; boope. Much meal, kupe, maupe ; finely ground meal, bupe yo bo bo leta, seton ; meal sunk to bottom of pot before boiling, dikoro ; very coarsely ground meal, ditlhatlhapola, matlha tlhapola ; to pour meal into a pot, haga; to pour meal in in too large a proportion to the water, tuelela; a meal, moyii; the morning meal, sehitlholo ; the evening meal, selalelo. MEALIES. Mruidi; semaka, Int. Many mealies, mebidi; my mealies, mmidi oa me ; new mealies, mmidi o mosha ; a mealie grain cracked in roast ing, pabi; to beat out mealies, photha ; a bush for hanging mealies on, sehata. MEALIECOB. A cob before threshing, segwere, seako ; a cob after threshing, setlhotla; to strip a mealie-cob, obola; large and thick (of cobs), maka. laba; a small and stunted cob, kokothane. MEAN, TO. Kaea. This means, goa kaea; I mean, or say, you, ke raea wena ; by other ml'ans,

    PAGE 144

    141 ka. go sele ; which means, ke go re, mo ke go re. MEANDER. 'fo meander, a.s a river, ikgara. MEANING. To speak, so as to conceal one's meaning, heleka. puii, pheleka puii. MEANS. See MEAN. MEASLES. Thutlwa; maseles (hybrid). MEASURE, TO. Leka.nya. A mea. sure, seleka.nyii ; the measure of a thing, tekanyii ; to mea sure, or run into, ela ; to take beyond measure, lealetsa; heta tekanyii. MEASURELESS. Sedikadiki; sedi kwa.dikwi ; se se senaii bole kanyeco. MEAl". Nama. Substantialfood, diyii tse di loileii ; food, diyii ; poor, or lean (of meat), chushu, matepeta; the meat is fat, nama. e ma.hura; much-cooked meat, manyere ; dried meat, loshwabii ; cut np slices of meat, ma.kgabetla. ; minced meat, makgabetlela; to chop meat fine, or mince it, kgabetlela ; to prepare meat for the pot, dihela nama ; to cut meat up into thick pieces, or strips, reolola ; to pull lean meat into shreds, in order to dip it into fat, tliiba; to cut meat off a bone, turning it back, reolola ; to slice meat for curing, beka; to cut meat into long strips for drying, tlhokolotsa, giiliila; a. piece, or strip, of dried or cured meat, motlhokolocii ; a bundle of dried meat, segwapa; mo shopa ; pieces of meat cut off in slaughtering, maiiatana; to alter the position of meat in a pot, by putting the top pieces at the bottom, lokolola ; to sit at meat, .dula ha diyoii ; to stir up meat in a pot, when cooked, rita, shwas.; stewed meat well stirred, loritii, losh waii ; joints of meat, see JoiNTS; meat cut up into joints, mahube ; much meat cut up into joints, mahubehube, mahubehube a dinama. MEATUS URINARIUS, THE. Mosirnanyane. MECONIUM. Tshidi. MEDIATE, TO. 'l'siriganya. MEDIATOR, A. Motsiriganyi. MEDICINE. Molemii ; setlhare. Witchcraft medicine, more ; medicine to put to the nose to see if life is extinct, moilolo ; medicine for smearing a house walls, moreo, moraii ; medicine for keeping away birds, wild beasts, etc., moupii ; medicine given to stimulate the uterus to action, magoromecho ; to give medicine to, alaha ; to smear the walls of a. house, etc., with medicine, mea, tha lela, phekola ; to sprinkle witchcraft medicine, upa, upelela; he sprinkled medicine in his garden, o la a kgatsa moupii mo tshimoii ea gagwe ; to burn medicine, or cause the smoke to go to, kubetsa ; he smoked the oxen with medicine in the krall, o la a kubetsa dikgomo mo sakeii; to give medicine to a dog in order to make it fierce, galodisa ; medi cine for making a dog fierce, kgalola. MEDITATE, TO. Gopola. MEEK. Peloniilii. To be meek, kgwathalala ; a meek spirit, miiea oa boniilo ; the meek, ha ha peloniilii ; I am meek, ke boniilii yoa pelo. MEEKNESS. Bopeloniilii ; boiko kobeco. Lowliness, kgwatha lalii. MEERCAT, A. Samane; sekate, Int. MEE1', TO. Kgatlhana. To come together, kiipana; to meet with him, mo kgatlhantsba.; to meet after coming by different roads, rakana; to meet at, rakanela ;

    PAGE 145

    142 to meet, or come to unex pectedly, atlela; he met with them, a rakana nabii; he met him with a question, a mo raka kapocii. l\IEETING, A. Kgatlhanii, kii pano. A public, or political meeting, pico ; to call a public meeting, epa ricii, iipa mo kgosi ; the cal to a meeting, sekgakhu ; the meeting is called, go opiwa mokgosi; to break up, of a meeting, halala ; the meeting is broken up, picii -. e haletse ; to hold a secret meeting, ea kbudutbamaga, dula khuduthamaga; a meeting place, borakanelii, dikgatlbii, kgatlhanii. MELON. A water melon, legapu; a sweet melon, spansbeck (hybrid) ; a nice ripe melon, senwane ; a wild water melon, kgeii we, kate. MELT. To cause to melt, gako losa, tlhapolosa ; to melt out fat, gadika ; to melt, or become melted, gakologa, tlhapologa. MEMBER, of the body, tokololii. MEXBRANE, A. Lotba. MEMENTO. See MoNUMENT. MEMORY, A. Segopocii. To es cape one's memory, gaka; it has escaped my memory, se nkgakile; be has a good memory for \'fords, o tlbiikii mo maho kuii ; to pause through a failure of memory, kakamala. MEND. To repair, mamatlelela; to darn, tlbamaganya. MENSES, THE. Sekhiba. MENSTRUATE, TO. Tsenya mao to, ipiiha, ikhunela, bapoga, bona moses ; to menstruate for the first time, itbalega. MENSTRUATION. First menstru ation, boithalegii; unclean from menstruation, medibela; to be come clean after menstruation, ikalosa ; she has conceived without menstruation, o phn kwa;ne. MENSTB.Uous. A menstruous woman, mosadi oa medibela, mosadi oa phapagii. MENTION, To. Kaea. He men tioned a year, o la a kaea iiwaga; to mention (of a name), umaka; to make mention, umaka. MERCENARY, A. Leshwebelega. MERCHANDISE. Papadi ; thoto ; dipapaoo; thekelo. MERCHANT. Morekisi; moreki. MERCIFUL. To be merciful, tlbomoga pelo; to be merciful to, tlbomogela pelo, utlwela botlhoko ; the merciful, ba pelotlhomogi. MERcY. Boutlweliibotlhoko; bopelotlbomogi. They will obtain mercy, ba tla tlbo mogelwa pelo. MERRY. ro be merry, tlbapelwa; they are merry, ba tlbapecwe ; to make oneself merry itlha pedisa. MEss. A mess of food, seyii. MESSAGE. To send a message by a passer by, laetsa; to send a message by special messenger, laela; I sent him with a mes sage, ke le ka mo laela; will you send me with a message to the chief ? a u tla nthaetsa kwa kgosiii ; a message, taeco, molaeco. MESSENGER, A. Moroiiwi; mo roiiwa ; motsaea mahoko; motsei mahoko. An oft-sent messenger, mokadisiwane. METAL. Tshipi. METE. See MEASURE. METEOR. A meteor falling with a noise, sedumedi. MEw, TO. Lela. MrcTURA'rE, TO. Tlhapa; ithoma. (Of cattle), rota. Used as a curse. MIDDAY. Motshegare ; selebalii ; sethiibiiliikii. Just after mid day, molebela, motshegare o mogolo o beta. MIDDEN, A. Tbutubudu.

    PAGE 146

    143 MIDDLE, THE. Legare ; bogare. In the middle of, ha gare ga ; to cleave asunder in the middle, tsetsereganya ; he will break it at the middle, o tla e riibcla hagare. MIDGE, A. Montsana; mon tsane. MIDGET, A. See DwARF. MIDNIGHT. Gare ga bosigii; bosigiigare ; garegabosigii. MIDRIFF. See DIAPHRAGM. MIDST. In the midst, ha gare, mo gare, bogare ; in the midst of, mo gare ga. MIDwnE, A. Mmelegisi, babelegisi. MIGHT. 'l'hata; bonatla. Ability, nonohii; that they might hear, gore ba ut! we; although she might speak, leha o ka bua, leha o kabo a bua ; he might have thought, o kabo o gopotse; that they might eat, gore ba ke bu. ye ; as though it might be, yu.ku. go ka una : that he might not rule them, gore a se ba buse. M I G H T Y Bonatla. Mighty works, ditihii tsa bonatla; they were mighty in war, or brave, ba una dinatla mo ntweii. MILCH. Logamii. Milch cows, dikgomo tsa logamii. MILD. Bori. A mild-tempered person, motho oa tsisimogii, motho oa boniilii. MILDNESS. Boniilii; bori. MILDEW. Mokobii. To become mildewed, kobu.. MILK. Mashi ; mash. Sweet milk, mashi a !obese, mashi a dipese ; curdled milk, mashi a a remileii ; thick milk out of a sack, mashi a lekuka; sour (of milk), botlha; very sour (of milk), botlhoko, bodila, madila; milk remaining after a calf or kid has drunk, morokoco; lump of thick milk when the whey is removed, sekgwethe ; the last milk in a sack, makube!o first milk, or beest, kgatselc. MILK, TO. Gama. The goat will be milked, podi e tla gaii wa ; to milk into the mouth, thumotsa; to milk after the calf has drunk, kebetsa: to milk a cow dry, tsapola; to milk dry a cow which has but little milk, taila; to give much milk, sisa; to give milk after the calf is dead, gaiiwa bonyetsana; this cow gives milk after her calf is dead, kgomo e, e senyetsana ; to cease giving milk, husa ; the cows have ceased to give milk, dikgomo di husitse; to go out to graze before being milked, hula moiitlwana; to come back to be milked after grazing in the morning, giiriiga moii tlwana. MILKBUSH, A. Mositlanokane. A pod of a milk-bush, louiiwii loa mositlanokaue ; down of a milk-bush pod, bobiiea yoa mositlanokane. MILKER, A. Mogami. MILKING, A. Kgamii. The side of a cow for milking, phekelii ea bogamii ; a cow for home milking, leradu a vessel for milking in, kgamelii, morubana. MILKSACK, A. Lekuka. A dry milk-sack, sekgoropa; a plug in the bottom of a milk-sack, thobola; to pull out the bottom plug, thobola ; to plug up the hole, tsiba; to shake or knock a milk sack so as to get out the milk when the whey has been drained off, kubela lekuka. MILKY-WAY, THE. Mo!a oa go dimo. MILL, A. Lolwala; lelwala. An upper mill-stone, tshilii; a lower mill-stone, lolwala, le tlapa. MILLET. Maidi. MIMIC, TO. Etsu.. A mimic, moetsi. MINCE. To chop very tine,

    PAGE 147

    144 kgabetlela ; to eat in a mincing manner, tlonkatlonka; minced meat; makgabetlela. MIND, THE. Tlbaloganyo. To mind, or take care of, disa; to mind, or take care of oneself, itisa; to change one's mind for a good reason, thinya, hetoga megopolo ; to change the mind from caprice, tlhanoga ; to put in mind, gakolola ; to keep in mind, or remember, gako logelwa; he has made up his mind to go, o laotsc go ea, o, inetse go ea; to come to, or occur to the mind, gakologClwa; he was minded, a bo a gopotse. MINE, A. Moraho; motlobo. To mine, or take from a mine, raha; the ox is mine, kgomo ke came. MINGLE. See Mix. MINISTER, A. Moruti. To minis ter unto, or serve, dihela; to minister unto, or provide with food, thelesetsa, phumusetsa. MINT. A kind of wild mint, kwcna. MIRACLE, A. Tiho e e gakga matsaii.; tiho ea bonatla. MIRAGE. Moenenc. MIRE. Seretse ; seroroma ; dico botla ; maragaraga. MIRROR, A. Seiponi. MIRTH. Letlhapelo; tlhapelo. To be full of mirth, tsenekega, tlhapelwa. They are mad with mirth, ba tlhapecwe. MIRY. Maragaraga. A miry place, lehatshe Ja dicobotla. MISADVENTURE, BY, Ka lechocba. MISCARRY. See ABORT. MISCHANCE, BY. Ka lechocha. MISCHIEF. He makes mischief, oa diha kgotlhaii. ; he makes mischief, or causes strife be tween the father and the child, oa kgotlhaganya :iiwana le ragwc. MISERLY. He is miserly, o seiioma. MISERY. 'l'lalelii; Bohutsana yo bogolo. MISHAP, BY. Ka lechocha. MISLEAD, TO. Timetsa; kgaratsa. To deceive, tsietsa, hora. MISREPRESENT. 'l'o misrepre-sent or distort words or acts, mara, reelela. Miss. A miss or a failure, phoshO ; to miss or lack, tlhiika; to miss the aim or object, hosa; they have missed, or crossed each other in the road, ba hapaanye mo tseleii. MISSILE. 'l'o avoid a missile by stooping or moving aside, ribela. MISSIONARY, A. Moruti; mo ro:iiwi. MIST. Mouwane; men wane. MISTAKE, A. Timelo. To make a mistake, timela; to be mis taken, timela ; you are mis taken, u timetse; if I am not mistaken, or, have not for. gotten, ha se sa gakwe. MISTINESS. Looto. MISTLETOE. Motlhagala.. MISTRESS, A. Mohumagadi. A concubine, nyatsi. MISTRUST. Boikanyologo. To mistrust, or cease to trust, ikanyologa. MISUNDERSTAND, TO. Etsaetsega. MIX, TO. T.Ihakanya; peka ; pekanya; shobokanya; to mix together, or jumble up, tobe kanya; to mix up matters in speaking, chwekanya mahoko, tsikanya mahoko. MIXED. To be mixed, tlhakaiiwa, pekwa ; they are mixed, di tlhakancwe, di pekancwe; to become mixed, tobekana, tlhakana; mixed (of colours), marorodi, matlhakaii ; mixed up, or muddled up, marara ; mixed, or motley garments, diaparo tsa matlhakaii. MoAN, A. Kono. To moan, iina. Man, A. Bontsi. They mobbed him, ba le ba mo shuashuisa.

    PAGE 148

    145 MocK, To. Shotla. MocKER, A. Moshotli. MocKERY. Chotlii. MocKING, a. Chotlii. MoDEST. Bori. A modest woman, mosadi oa bori. MoDESTY. Bori. MoiST. Metse. MoiSTEN. To moisten the mouth with somei;.hing, itokotsa. MoiSTUitE. Nolo. Moisture after rain, loiiola. MoLE, A. Serathi; serun:yi. To lift up earth, q,j! a mole, runya. MoLLIFY, 1"0. Nodisa. MoMENT, A. Ponyo ea leitlhii ; momenta (h:ybrid). MoNEY. Madi. A piece of money, ledi; a small piece of money, ledin:yana; how much money? madi a le kae P MoNKEY, A. Kgatla. A small yellowish monkey, kgabo; a baboon, chwene. MoNs PUBIS, senana, dinana. MoNTH,A. Kgwedi. Lastmonth, kgwedi e e shuleii; next month, kgwedi e e kwa teii; a whole month, kgwedi e e tletseii ; first month in Secwana :year, or month for eating the first fruits, kgwedi ea molomii. MoNUMENT. A stone monument, sehikancwe. MooN,A. Kgwedi. Anewmoon, kgwedi e e rogwaii. The new moon will appear, kgwedi e tla badima, kgwedi e tla rogwa ; the moon is full, kgwedi e kgotshe; to rise (of a moon), cwa; to set (of a moon), phiri ma, koliimela ; the moon rises (of a large, full moon), kgwedi e cwa sehutuhutu, kgwedi e cwa kgoloeamarale ; change of the moon, thogo ea kgwedi ; the moon will wane, kgwedi e tla selwa; the moon has waned, kgwedi e secwe; to keep sacred, or abstain from work, the day after a new moon, ilela kgwedi; a. halo round the moon, picii ; the moon has a halo, kgwedi e epile picii. MooNLIGHT. Nwedi. MooRHEN, A. Kgogonoka. MoRE. Bogolo. More than, bogolo go; that which is more than this, mo go hetaii mo ; how many more oxen have you than me P dikgomo tsa gago di beta tsa me di le kae ? more than forty, forte eo o naii le moco; more questions, dipoco tse diiiwe; more and more, bogolo bogolo ; I will bu:y no more, or no longer, ga nka ke nna ke reka, ga nketla ke tlhiila ke reka ; sin no more, u se tlhole u leoha, u se ka ua tlhiila u leoha. MoRNING. Moshii. In the morn ing, mo moshoii; at early dawn, makuku, maphake!a ; after dawn and before aunrise, ma mosho ; after sunrise, moshii ; to-morrow morning, ka mosho ; early in the morning, ka go sale mosho, ka go sale gale; to rise early in the morning, co ge!a ; to start very early in the morning, or at daybreak, phakela; when the morning was come, bosigo bo sena sa, ka bo sa bo sele, e rile bosa boo sa ; the morning star, naledi ea bo sa. MoaosE. A morose person, le-iioiiobi. MoRRow, THE. Moshii. MoRSEL. A morsel of food, tha thana, thathanyana, nthatha nya.na. MoRTAR. Seretse. A mortar. kika ; to stamp in a mortar, tlhobola, setla; mortar, or clay, for plastering with, phatego. MoRTISE, To. Lomela. Mosq,urro. Montsane ; montsana. Moss. Water moss in long shreds, bolele. MosT. Bogolo. For the most part, bogolo ; most of my K

    PAGE 149

    146 friends, bogolo yoa ditsa.la tsa me, bontsi ,yoa ditsala tsa me. MoTE. Any little thing in the eye, selabe ; a sma.ll splinter, lohatsana. Mol'H. A coloured moth, sern ru be le ; a moth destruati ve to alot.hing, motoutwane, sekoba, motoro ; a moth that eats stored corn, phoha ; a moth destrnative to skins, ahwele, ahele, chole, Int.; a kind of moth, mothuthwa, Int.; a fish moth, tshisiri. MoTHER, A. Mma. My mother (when speaking of), mme; my mother (when speaking to), mma; thy mother, mmago; his mother, mmagwe; Tan's mother, mma Tau ; mothers, bomma ; their mother, mma bona; mmabo. MoTHER-IN-LAW. A man's mother-in-law, see MAN'S FATHER-IN-LAW. A woman's mother-in-law, matsa.la; my mother-in-law, matsale; thy mother-in-law, matsa.laago; his mother-in-law, matsalaa gwe; Tau's mother-in-law, ma tsala a ga Tau, matsala a Tau. Also same as mother. MOTHERLESS. A motherless child, khutsana, lesieia. MoTION. To have a motion, ithoma ; go ea kwa ntle, go ea kwa ditlharifi ; to have a mo tion (of a child, or animal), nyela; to clean an infant after a motion, yaha, tlhakola; foul motions, mixed with blood, matsere, matseremela ; first motion of infant, or the meco nium, tshidi ; first natural mo tion of an infant, thola. MoTIONLESS. To become mo tionless, as a dead animq.l, toto bala ; it is motionless, e toto betse. MOTLEY. Matlhakafi. MOTTo, A. Seane; lehoko. MouLD, A. Tshl!lo ; .thelo. Fun gus of mould, mokobO; to mould or fashion, bopa; to mould or pour in, tshela, theia. MouLDER, A. Mmopi. MouLDY. To become mouldy, koba; it is mouldy, se kobile. MoUND. A small hill, thota. MoUNT. To ascend, tlhatloga; to climb, palama, pagama ; to mount him on horseback, mo pega mo pitsifi. MOUNl'AIN, A. Lencwe, thaba; a mountain top, tlhora, tlhole, Int.; a mountain brow, phatla ea lencwe ; an inaccessible D).Ountain, madilotsane, Int. ; a mountain range, leropo. MouRN, TO. Hutsahala. To mourn with a plaintive cry, knrwetsa. MouRNING, A. Khntsahalo; khntsahale!O ; selelo. MousE, A. Peba. A striped field mouse, tadi ; a small sharp nosed mouse, thue ; nest of a mouse, tsina. MousTACHE, A. Tedu. MoUTH. The outer part of mouth, molomo; the inner part of mouth, legano ; the roof of a mouth, legala:J;la, magalapa ; to wash out one s mouth, icu kula, icuknnya; to blow out of themonthinastream,buganya; to open the mouth, momolola, tumolola; to cause a mouth to open wide, atlhamolosa ; he opened his mouth in speaking, a cwa molomo, a bna ; to shut the mouth, tnmola molomo, moma molomo ; to sweeten, or moisten the month by putting something into it, lokotsa, ito kotsa; he shut the mouths of the lions, a thiba melomo ea ditau ; open its mouth, u e atlhamolose molomo ; my mouth is dry and parched, legano ya me le bataolega; to make a chirping noise with the mouth, otsa.

    PAGE 150

    147 MoUTHED. k mall mouthed vessel, kurwana. MouTHFUL. To take a mouthful of liquid, hupa. MovE, To. Shuta. To cause to move, shutisa ; it does not move, ga se shute ; it has moved, se shutile ; move for him, mo shutele ; to move out of the way, thiboga; to cause to move out of the way, thi bosa; move out of his way, mo thibogele; to cause to move or shake, tsikinya, tshikinya; to be moved or shaken, tsikinyega, tshikinyega; to move, or incite, tlhotlheletsa ; to move about excitedly, and in all directions, as a crowd, gobea, kgobea; to move a thing back, katosa ; to move back to a distance, or retire, katoga ; to move to a distance from, katogela ; to move to a distance from each other, katogana; to move, or take one person or thing off another, gatosa; move me off nkgatosa; to move a thing off me, nkgatosholola; to move a little, as a person under a covering, bukunya, bukunyega, to move one's position, as a suffering person seeking rest, ichunuka, tlhaba makgotla; to move out of the light, sinoga ; move quickly, or flee from place to place, kudubitlega; to move to and fro, as a tree in the wind, ebela ; to move to and fro, as wind a tree, ebe disa; to move, or be movable, as one thing under another, kgwetl ha; to move, or shake a thing that is under another, kgwetlhisa ; to move from a purpose, kgwetlhisa; to move from side to side, as a restive horse when tied up, ichushutsa, ichunuka. MovABLE. To be movable, or shake a little, kutuma, kgwe tlha. Mow, To, MucH. Thata ; segolo. So much, kalo, bokalo ; it is so much, go le kalo; much water, metse a ma tonna; metse a le kalo ; for so much, ka bokalo ; very much, bobe, mash we; very much so, tiita ; it cried much, e le ea lela gole go tonna; thus much, go kalo; to be too much for, chweka; it will be too much for us, se tla re palela; to be too much, as a large supply of game, locusts, etc., atlanega; they are too much for him, di mo atlanegetse. Mucus, from the nose. Ma mina. MuD. Boraga; boretse; loraga; seretse ; locopotla. A mud pool, or pool of very muddy water, lokgobe; deep mud, senwedi, seroronya ; to sink into mud, r6r6mela; the mud iu muddy water, cocopa; to throw mud, or throw mud at, phara. MUDDLE, A. Maherec6k6. To muddle up together, tobekanya; muddled up, marara. MUDDY. Very muddy water, or water with much mud in it, locopotla ; to make muddy by tramping, kg6ba ; to become muddy by being tramped, as water, kg6bega; muddy water, metse a lokgobe; to be covered with mud, as a person from a mud hole, _MuLE, A. Esela (hybrid). MuLTIPLY. To become numerous, k6k6tlegela.; ntsihala ; to multiply, or cause to become numerous, ntsihatsa. MULTIPLICATION. Ntsihac6. MuLTITUDE, A. Bontsi. A great multitude, bontsintsi. MUMBLE, TO. Pepeduma. To mumble, as a person afraid of speaking out, borabora. MUMPS, THE. Lenyediana.

    PAGE 151

    148 MuRDER. Polaii. To murder, bolaea, khie!a; to murder a large number, khila, chilatsa; to conceal a murder, bitiela. M.URDERER, A. Mmolai ; mmi tiedi. Murderers, babolai; murderers of their fathers, babolaea borabo. MuRMUR. To murmur, or com plain, ii.onorega; to murmur at, or against, ii.oiio1egela le ; to murmur, as water over stones, phothosela; to murmur, as wind, dnma; to murmur, as people talking in a low voice, beta beta, korotla, bObOra; borabora; a murmur, or clom plaint, ii.oii.orego ; a murmur of voices, boroboro; a murmur of water, lephotophoto. MuRMURER, A. Moii.oii.oregi. MuscLE, A. Mosiha. Muscle on each side of neck at the back, mogano ; muscle, or ball of tiesh between elbow and wrist, and in calf of leg, letlhahu; muscle above the elbow, when arm is bent up, photoii.wane ; a water muscle, or its shell, lrgetla. MUSHROOM, A. Tutuchwane; thnthuchwane. To spring up, or swell like a mushroom, khumpologa; a kind of mush room found in the interior, le boa. Musw. Kopelo. MusiCAL. 'l'he sound of a musical instrument, teco; to play on a musical instrument, letsa ; letsa. teco. MusKET. See GuN. Musr. It must, go chwanetse ; you must not go away, or do not go away, n se ka ua tsamaea; you must go away, go lopiwa gore n tsamae. MUSTARD. Mosetara (hybrid). MUTTER. Borabora; pepeduma; beta beta. MUTTON. Nama ea nku. MY. My knife, thipa ea me; my chair, setulo sa me ; my eyes, matlho a me; my feet, dinao tsa me. MYSELF. By myself, ka nnosi; I will help myself, ke tla i thusa; I will nnbind myself, ke tla ikgolola ; I will kill myself, ke tla ipolaea. MYSTERY, A. Boteii.. A puzzle, lelepn. MYTH, A. Tlhamane. N. NAIL. A nail, or lomapo; a finger, or toe nail, lonala; to nail, or knock in a nail, kokothela. NAKED. To be naked, or un dressed, apoga ; he is naked, o sa ikatega ; to be naked, bothama, ichaia ; he is naked, except for a girdle, o segwere, o setoto ; he is stark naked, o sholobotla, o moshampa, o loshai; a naked, or indecently exposed person, eo o sa cwalafi. NAKEDNESS. Boipipololo; bosaikatega ; bosaikategaii; to cover the nakedness, cwala. NAME, A. Leina; lebicho. What is your name ? leina ya gago e maii. P names, maina ; a few names, mainyana ; to give a name, sha leina; thou shalt name him John, u tla mo sha leina u re, Y ohane, u tla mo raea leina go twe Y ohane ; he was named, o la a shewa ga twe, 0 la a rewa ga twe ; he named them, or called them by name, o la a ba bala ka maina; to name after a person, sheleJela., reelela; he is named after his grandfather, o shele lecwe leina ya ragwemogolo ; this person is called Tan, motho eo oa bidi.wa Tau; to name, or mention a name, nmaka; such and such a name, when the name is forgotten,

    PAGE 152

    149 nnetlane ; to make for oneself a name, itumisa. NAMELY. Eboii. This word, namely iron, lehoko ye, go twa tshipi. NARRATE. Kakanya; bolela. NARRATIVE, A. Polelii. NARROW. Mociilii; tshesane. A narrow gateway, kgiirii e e pitlaganyeii. NASTY. Mash we; mpe. To be come nasty, shwahala; nasty water, metse a mothugii. NATES. The division between the nates, diphara. NATION, A. Morahe. A little na tion, moracana, morahenyana. NATIONALITY. Of what nation ality is he ? e le mokae P NATURAL. A natural habit, popegii, mokgwa oa tlhiilegii. NATURE. By nature, tlholego:ii, 1ra tlholego. NAUGHTINESS. Bosilii. Stub bornness, bokaka. NAUGHTY, HE IS. 0 bosi!o. NAUSEA. To have a feeling of nausea, heroga sebete. NAVEL,A. Khubu. Asore,and swelled navel, khuyane, mu tlwane; a large healed navel, mohubu; to project, as a swelled navel, betologa; a little swelling sometimes found above a navel, tshikiri; a navel cord, of an infant, moeledi, setliiwana ; a navel cord, of an animal, lohihiri. NAY. Nya; nyaea; gae. NEAR. Gauhe ; gauhi; gauchwa ne. Very near, gauchwa. nyane, segauchwane; to be so near as to touch, chwaragana le ; to be near, but with a space between, bapa ; to be drawing near to, or approaching, kwe toga, kwetega, ketoga; to be near death, gorega ; to bring near to death, giira ; he was near to die, o la a le gauhe le go shwa; to go, or pass near, or be alongside of, ipapatha. NEARLY. Nearly all of them, bogolo yoa bona; I nearly fell, ke batlile go shwa; the food was nearly done, diyii tsa bo di batlile go hela; he is nearly dead, but will most likely re cover, oa gomela go shwa ; he was nearly dead, but recovered, o gomile go shwa; he is nearly dead, there is no hope, o gauhe go shwa; hunger has nearly killed me, tlala e nkgorile. NEARNESS. Bogauhe. NEAT. A neat ntlo ea sethakga. NEATLY. A person who does things neatly, motho oa setha kga, motho oa secwiriri, motho oa secwerere. NEATNESS IN WORK. Bocwiriri, bocwerere. NECESSARY. It is necessary, go lopiwa, go chwanetse; was it not necessary ? a go no go sa chwanela? it is necessary to beat this child, :iiwana eo o chwanetse go bediwa. NECESSITY. Force, kgolii ; need, botlhiikii. NECK, A. Thamo. In the neck, mo thamu:ii; neck and throat, all round, thamo ; hollow at the back of neck, koduiilii ; muscle on each side of neck, at the back, mogauo; hump on the neck of an ox, se rota; to bend the neck, bowing down, iibama ; to be broken, of a neck, komoga. NECKLACE. A necklace of hang ing beads, lotlawana ; a neck lace of beads twisted on a cord, semecane. NEED. Botlhiikii. To need, or lack, tlhiika; to be in need of, maramara ; I have need to be, or ought to be, ke chwanetse. NEEDLE, A. Lomaii. The eye of a needle, lechoha ; to thread, as a needle, shomela, hololela. NEGLECT. A shortcoming, tlhae lii; to abstain from doing, itse

    PAGE 153

    150 meletsa ; oease from attending to, tlhokomologa. NEGLIGENT. To be loth to do a thing, itsemeletsa. NEGRO, A. Lekgt)ba. NEIGH, TO. Kgwafikwanyetsa; kwidinya ; kukunyetsa; kwi dinyega; kgwankwanyega. NEIGHBOUR. Mofi, pl. ban; my neighbour, moD. ka nna ; thy neighbour, moD. ka wena, monkau, oa ga eno ; their neighbours, ban ka bona; our neighbours, ba ga echo; his neighbours, oa ga gabo; to be neighbours, or live togetl;ter, agalana. NEIGHBOURING. The neighbout" ing houses are burning, matlo a sha mabapa. NEITHER. Le esefi. NEPHEW. Man's sister's child, my nephew, sa me ; elder brother's or s1ster' s child, my nephew, fiwanamogolole; younger brother, or sister's child, fiwanannake. NERVOUS, TO BE. Hahamoga. To have a nervous orstartled look or manner, hahamoga. NEST. A bird's nest, setlhaga; a hen's nest, or ostrich's nest, khodi; a bird's nest woven of mahatlha blossom, sesetlbo, sesitlho; a mouse's nest, tsina; to build a nest, aga, loga ; to come off a nest with chickens, thuba; it has come off its nest, e thubile. NESTLING. A. Lemphoro. A little nestling, lemphorwana. NET, A. Lotloa. To tie things up in a net, kgwelea; a pack in a net, mokgweleo ; to be come broken, of a net, kgaoga. NETTLE, A. Sebabetsane. NETTLE-RASH. Mochwa; mo kwane. NEvER. Kagope; gope. Never! legoka le bogologolo they will never know, ga ba ketla ba le moga gope; never, or ever since I was born, e sale ke tso.lwa; it was never so seen, ga flOe se go ke go biinwa yo.lo gope; it is never refused by any one, ga e ke e ganwe ke ope; I never knew you, ga ke e se ke ke ke lo itse ; they had never seen this work, ga ba e se ba ke ba biine tiho e ; he who had never walked, eo o e seD. a ka a tso. maee. NEVERTHELESS. Leha go ntse yalo; it is, nevertheless, e be e ntse e le giina. NEw. Ncha; bosha; sesha, etc. New bodies, mebele e mesha; new things, dilii tse dincha ; dilii tse di ncha ; a new patch, sebata se sesha, se bata se se sha; a new town, motse o mo sha, motse o mosha ; to be come new, shahala; to make new, shahatsa; a making new, chahacii, boshahacii ; the thing is new, selii se le sesha ; a new one, or novice, eo mosha. NEWLY. Bosha. NEWNESS. Bosha. NEWS. Mahoko; phoko. To tell news, bola; kakanya ; to tell news without being first asked, ithaupa, ithokotsa; to correct news, or tell correctly what has been incorrectly told by some one else, thatholola mahoko ; to refuse to give news, giipa mahoko ; a teller of news, mmodi, pZ. babodi ; a bearer of news, motsaea mahoko ; motsei mahoko. NEX1'. Next Sunday, tshipi e e tlafi, tshipi e e kwa pele ; the next house to this, ntlo e e tlhiimaganyefi le eiina e. NmBLE. To bite off a bit, kuma; to nibble with a clicking noise, nyeta. NICE. Monate. It is nice, se monate; to taste nice, loelela ; to make to taste nice,loeletsa ; nice, or neat, or nicely done, sethakga ; to become no longer

    PAGE 154

    151 nice, tlhasa, shwahala ; nice water, metse a a monate ; the water is nice, metse a monate. NICK. See NoTCH. NIECE. See NEPHEW, NIGGARDLY, TO BE. Timaoa; shwalaea. NIGH. See NEAR. NIGHT. Bosigo. In the night, mo bosigoii; at night, bosigo ; this night, bosigo yono ; bosigo yoa gompiyeno. NIGHTFALL. Maabanyane. NIGHT-HAWK, A. Chogwi. NIGH1'SHADE. Plantofthedeadly nightshade, morolana. NINE. Nine sheep, dinku di hera monwana o le moiiwe heia. NINETEEN. Nineteen sheep, dinku di shome di cwa hera mouwana 0 le mon\ve hela. NINTH. The ninth sheep, nku ea bo hera o le moiiwe hela. NIPPLE. The nipple of a nursing breast, thoba; thoba ea letsele ; a young girl's nipple, tlhoko ; the nipple of a gun, tlhoka. NIT. The nit of a louse, !en tsetse, letsctse. No. Nya; nyaea. There is no strength, ga go na thata, go se na thata; there is no one, ga go na ope, ga go ope ; he thinks that there is no difficulty, oa gopola ha go se na pitlagano epe ; no work, in negative sen tences, tiho epe ; there is no work, ga go na tihO epe. NoBODY. E seii ope ; ga go na ope. NOD. To nod the head in token of assent, goma ka tlhOgo. NoisE, A. Tumo; modilmo. A startling, or deafening noise, logau ; a loud noise made by a number of animals running, moropa ; noise of a waterfall, lephotophOto ; noise of seveml people talking together kwa lanyo; to make a noise, cosa modumo ; noise of water run ning o\ter stones, kgwasho ; to make a noise, as water running over stones, gwasa ; noise made by feet of an approa.ching person, mogwasa; to make a noise, as the feet of a. person, kgwa.sa ; to make a jolting noise, as a waggon going over stones, tlha.tlhasela. NoiSED. To become noised abroad, tuma ; to noise a. mat ter abroad, tumisa. NoNE. There are none, ga di ee6 ; there is none, ga e eeo. NONSENSE. J eats, dinya. ; he talks nonsense, oa bua dinya. NooN. See MIDDAY. NoosE. A slip-knot, segole. NOR. Le e seii ; leha e le. NORTH, THE. Kwa bokweni; kwa bokalaka; the north-west, kwa bolala. NosE, A. Nko. The bridge of a nose, mmopo; he has a. high, or arched nose ridge, o lo biipii ; bleeding from the nose, mokola ; he bleeds from the nose, oa dutla mokola; carti lage of the nose, lekgwakgwa.; to breathe through the nose, shumo. ; to blow the nose, mina. ; mucus from the nose, mamina; to get up the nose, a.s wind, shwatla dinko; a run ning from the nose, bolwetse ; water running from the nose, mochomilo ; to turn up the nose at food, or despise it, nyokologa; totologa; a spoon for cleaning the nose of a. snuff taker, segwadi, lobeko. NosTRIL, A. Nko. Widely ex tended, as nostrils, ma.phara.. N01'. Eseii; so.; se; ga. You know not, ga u itse; not at all, ka gope ; not to fear, eseii go boiho. ; weep not, u se lele, se leleii, lo se lele; .he is not, ga a eeo, a se eeo; I will not go, ga nketla ke ea. ; do not steal, u se ucwe ; those who are not many, ba ha seii bantsi ; things which do not help, di!O tse di sa thuseii; he knows that it is

    PAGE 155

    152 not the time, oa itse ha e se loba.ka; we know that the child did not eat, rea ha iiwana a se ka a ya; is not the meat yet cooked P a nama ga e e se e bucwe P they are not new, ga di di ncha. NoTABLE. A notable man, mo nona oa botho ; monona oa bonatla ; a great or notable work, namane e tona ea tihii ; to become notable, itsege. NOTCH. A notch cut in a stick, senya ; notch or nick in an arrow, senya; a notch cut in a stick for counting, lekwalii ; to cut a notch in a stick for counting, kwala ; a notch in the stick through a pack ox's nose,. or in a yoke skey, thibedi. NOTCHED. To be notched, as a knife, or dish, kumega, kabog-.t; notched, or rough in the edge, makekete. NoTE, A. Lokwalii. To note, or take notice, ela tlhiikii. NoTED. A noted, or great son, mogodi. NOTHING. Nothing or nothing ness, bosenasepe ; nothing, sepe with the negative par ticles ; it is nothing, ga se gepe ; there is nothing, ga go na sepe ; there was nothing, go le go se na sepe ; it being nothing, e be e se sepe ; it is good for nothing, ga le tlhole le na le gope; for nothing, e se ka sepe ; they have nothing (of fugutives), ba iphotlhere. NoTICE. To take notice, or con sider, lemoga; to watch, lepa; to observe, elatlhiikii; to take notice of, tlhiikiimela; to cease to take notice of, tlhokomologa. NoTICEABLE. It is, goa lemo sega. NOTWITHSTANDING. Leha go ntse yalo. NouGHT. To set at nought, or naught, nyatsa. NouRISH. Otla. To be nourished, otliwa; to nourish one self, ikotla. NoVEMBER. The month of No vember, kgwedi ea iiwanatsele. NOVICE, A. Eo mosha. Now. Yana, yanoii, ka yeno, yano. The summer is now near, selemii se setse se le gauhe; they now come, or they are just come, ke giina ba tlaii; and now, me yana; not now, eseii yana; now at once, yana heia yana; until now, ga tsa maea ga nna yana; from now, yana ; children who are now born, banyana ba e leii yana ba tsalwaii. NowHERE. Gope. The servant went nowhere, motlhanka o la a sa ea gope. NuMBER, A. Palii ; bokae. An odd number, mocii; an equal number of ten, or tens, bore thiti; an equal number, ten, leshome ye le borethiti; to number, bala; to be numbered, badilwe; mme than the num ber, bogolo go bokalo. NuMBERLESS. Sedikadiki, ma gomeamagome, mashomeama shome. NUMBNESS. Bogacu; segacu. Dead to feeling, setlashu. NUMEROUS. To become numer ous, sheshemologa, kiikiitlegela; to become numerous (of things), maanyaanya. NuRSE. 'l.'o suckle amusa; to take a child, ; to wait upon a sick person, iika ; a nurse, or one who suckles, moamusi ; a sick nurse, mooki. NuRSERY. A nursery bed, or seed bed, lekedi. NURTURE. To nurture, or pro vide for, tlamela ; to nurture, or bring up, godisa. o. OAR, AN. Lomati lo lo tsamaisaii. OATH, AS. lkanii. Oaths, mai-

    PAGE 156

    154 OFFERING, AN. ChupClii; sea belii. A gift, neo. OFFICE. A work, tihii ; a house, ntlo. OFFICER, AN. Mosimegi. OFFICIAL, AN. Mosimegi. 0FFLOAD, TO. Belegolola. 0FFSADDLE, TO. Belegolola. OnscoURINGS. Filthy rubbish, matladika. OFFSPRING, AN. Lecwela; letlogela. OFTEN. Gantsi; kagantsi; very often, gantsintsi ; how often P ga kae ? to do a thing often, kapetsa; he does this act often, or repeats it, o ikapeletsa tihii e. OH Au Oh that au ntlha OIL. Lookwane. To drop in. oil, logetsa. OINTMENT. tshashii; rnolemii o o tliilwaii. Prepared fat, chola. OLD. To become old(ofpersons), cohala; he is old, o cohetse; to become old (of things), iinala.; it is old, se onetse; my dress is old, ke onalecwe ke moses oa me; to be very old (of people or animals), go kgahala; an old book, lokwalii loa bogologolo ; an old per son, mocohe ; a very old per son, mogiigaie; an old man, mononyana, monnamogolo ; an old woman, mosadinyana, mo sadimogolo, sesadinyana; old things in strips, rnakga.sana; an old, worn-out thing, th/l. repe, kiinalii; old age, bocohe ; a very old person or thing, mokaotu ; an old and worn-out garment, sekatana ; an old and worn-out shoe, secbwahele ; to become old and useless, shwa hala, therepana ; it is old and useless, se therepanye ; an old path, tsela e kgologolo; be was two years old, a le hocohe yoa dinyaga di le pedi, a le hogolo yoa dinyaga di le pedi. OLIVE. An olive tree, motlbware; an olive grove, lotlhware; olives, mauii.wii.a matlhware. OMEN. An evil omen, botlhodi. OMINOUS. Something ominous, botlhodi. OMNIPOTENT, THE. Mothatietlhe; mothatiesi. ON. Mo; ha. Followed by nouns ending in ii., and altered in final vowel; on the tree, mo setlhariii.; on a wall, ha lorakoii. ; on the housetop, mo setlhoeii. sa ntlo ; on the ground, ha hatshe ; on, or at, his speaking, mo go bueii. ga gagwe. ONCE. Gaiiwe; gaiiwe hCla ; at once, ka goii.we; once more, gape; I was once a stranger, nkile ka nna inoeii. ; he entered once for a.ll., o .la a tsenela rure ONE. Nwe. Affixed to the par ticles. One thing, selii seii.we; one sheep, nku ii.we (e elided); one person, motho moii.we; one land, lehatsbe leii.we; one horse, pitse e le ii. we ; there is no one, ga go na ope ; with one heart, ka boii.we hela yoa pelo; one shepherd alone, or only, modisa a le moii.we hela; to be one with him, go patagana nae; one by one, ka tatalanii, ka monokela, ka monoketsa; to take oxen one by one, go monoketsa dikgomo. ONLY. Hela; osi, affixed to the particles ; gosi, after verbs. The only path, tsela eosi ; this is the only name, leina ye ke yeiina yeosi; thy only son, morwau eo o esi oa gago; these things only, dilii tse ka cosi ; water only, metse a le aosi; one day only, letsatsi le le leii.we hcla; one time only, lobaka lo le loii.we bela. OozE. See Mun. To ooze out, as from pores, or unseen wound, kga; the blood oozes out, madi a kga; bhod oozes from the

    PAGE 157

    155 wound, ntho ea kga madi ; to cause to ooze out, as a can oil, cwecwena. OPEN, TO. Bula. To open for, hulela ; the door is open, Sll cwalo se bucwe, secwalo se bulegile, moyako o bucwe ; to open wide, so that anything may rush out, thobolaLto open a door wide, thobola kgoro; open the gate wide for them, d1 thobolele kgiiro ; to open, or lance a sore, ara; to open a sore by a. large opening, a.bola, arola; to opena shut-up place, or thing, bnla, cwalolola; to open a corked bottle, kabolola; to open a plugged-up thing, tsibolola ; to open wide a book, or hand, aWlga ; to open the eyes, apola matlhii, budulola matlhii; to open the eyes, or eyelids with fingers, petlosa matlhii; to beopened(of eyes), buduloga; to open the eyes wide, phantsha matlhii ; to open the mouth, tumolola molomo, momolola molomo ; to open the mouth wide, or cause it to open wide, atlha. molosa, atlhamisa ; to become opened wide, atlhama, atlha mologo ; the heavens were opened wide for, or to him, magodimo a la a mo atlhamo logela ; I will open my mouth in parables, ke tla cwa mo lomo ka dichwanchii; to open the ears, kabolola, phunya; to open a book, menolola, petleka; to open the seams of a box, khamolola; to be opened, as the seams of a box, khamologa; to open one's own hand, hu porola; to open, or force open, another person's hand, hu porolola; an open or treeless space in the veldt, se batla, patliilii ; the open space in a kgotla, le batla ; in the open, mo pepeneneii; to sleep, sit, or lie dead in an open space, shakalala ; an open place or pool in river or lake surrounded by trees or reeds, bodiba. OPENING,AN. Kgiirii. Anopen ing or gap in a hedge, or among trees, phat.lha ; an opening be tween hills, kgiirii, phata ; an opening, or cleft, loharii; an opening in a sore, loarii ; an opening, or space free from trees or bushes, paanana, paa, loboa; to be without an open ing, as a thicket, cuba; to make an opening, ntsha kgiirii. OPENLY. Mo bathuii; mo pepe neii ; mo ponatshegoii. OPINION. An expressed opinion, lehoko; a thought, mogopolii ; to decline, or fear to give an opinion, tita, titatita ; to re reserve one's opinion, tita; to alter one's opinion, thinya; a difference of opinion, kgaii ; there is a difference of opinion among them, go kgaii mo go bona ; to halt between two opinions, akabala. OPPONENT, AN. Moganetsi. OPPORTUNITY. Lobaka. We shall have an opportunity for hearing, re tla na le kaha re ka utlwaii ka giina. OPPOSE, 1.'0. Cuolola; ganetsa. To oppose, or be at variance with each other, emalana le; They oppose themselves, ba ikgantsha; they are opposed to each other, ba ganetsanya; he opposed me, 0 la a emana le nna. OPPOSITE. To be opposite, leba gana; to be opposite to, leba gana le ; a village opposite to them, motse o o lebaganyeii nabii. OPPRESS, TO. Bogisa; patika ; yesamanya. OPPRESSION. Pogishii ; patikii. OR. Goiiwe. Or even, leha e le. ORDAIN. To set over, laodisa.: ORDER. To command, laola; to

    PAGE 158

    156 bespeak, bCelela; to set in order, rulaganya, baakanya, baanya ; to go in order, or follow each other, latalana; to go in single file, bopelela ; to go out in order, or one by one, cwa ka monokela; to take in order, or one by one, mono ketsa; in order, ka thulaganyo; in order that, gore, followed by verbs ending in c, mancho ; in order that I might know, gore ke itse, gore ke tie ke itse, mancho ke tie ke itse ; it being in order that he might love him, e be e le gore a mo rate ; he will seek in order to destroy him, o tla mmatla gore a tie a mmolae. ORDINARILY. See UsuALLY. ORE. Iron ore, borale. ORGANS. The internal organs of a slaughtered animal, diretlo. ORNAMENT, AN. Mokgabo. A worked ornament of beads, or brass, segomO; an iron orna.. ment for ear, letlatla; to orna ment, kgaba, kgabisa; to work an ornament with brass or beads, goma ; to ornament wooden articles by burning marks upon them, babela. 0RNAMEN'rAL. To do ornamen tal work in brass or with beads, goma ; to be clever in doing ornamental work, tsantsabetsa. ORPHAN, AN. Khutsana; lesiela. OsciLLATE, To. Akgega. OsTRICH, AN. Nche. Ostriches, bonche, manche; a young os trich, nchane ; this ostrich, nche eo ; my ostrich, nche oa me ; an ostrich nest, khodi ; an ostrich egg, letsae ; a drove of ostriches, lokhukhwa loa bonche. 0 'rHAT! Au ntlha 1 OTHER. The other person, mo tho eo moiiwe, motho o sele; the other oxen, dikgomo tse difiwe, dikgomo di se le ; the other day, or a little time ago, maliiba; the other side Jordan, kwa moseya ga Y oretan, kw a moseya oa Y oretan. OTHEltS. Seven others, ba baiiwe ba shupa. OTHERWISE. Ka go sele. OTTER, AN. Lenyedi. OUGHT. I ought, ke chwanetse, ke lebanye; he ought to die, or is worthy of death, o chwanetse go shwa, o leba nywe ke go shwa; I ought not to do so, ga ke eh wanele go diha yalo, ga kea chwanclwa ke go diha yalo. OuR. Our people, batho ba rona, ba ga echo; our things, dilii tsa rona, dilii tsecho ; our fa ther, ra echo. OURSELVES. Le chona; le rona. OusT, TO. Rolola. OUT. To come out, cwa; to take out, ntsha; to come out of a house, cwa mo tluii ; these things came out of him, dilii tse tsa mo cwa ; to go out, or become extinguished, tima. OUTCOME. An outcome, or re sult, bohelelii. OuTPOST. Cattle post, moraka. OuTsiDE. Kwa ntle; ntle; ka ha ntle. OuTSPAN, To. Golola; belego lola ; tlhao!Cla ; thibe!ela. It is outspanned, e golotse ; an outspan place for a waggon, legololii ; an outspan place for foot travellers, bonnii. OuTWARD. '!'he outward man, motho oa ntle, motho oa kwa ntle. OvEN, AN. Ntlo ea bogobe; ntlo ea peseco; ntlo ea loupa. OVER. Godimo. Overthehouse, kwa godimo ga ntlo ; to stand over, or above, Okama; over Jordan, kwa moseya ga Yore tan; over against the house, bolebana le ntlo ; they sat over against the house, ba dutse ba lebagana le ntlo. OVERBEARING, TO BE. Dipahala.

    PAGE 159

    157 OvERCOME, TO. Sita. To over come by speech, hea ; to con quer, henya; to overcome by force, betelela, gatela; to over come by persuasion, kgona ; to overcome, or be too much for, tsemelela, chweka ; to be a match for, nonohela ; to be overcome, sitwa, sitega ; to overcome, as sleep, imela ; he is overcome by sleep, o imecwe ke boroko ; to overcome with an evil intent (as a man a woman), kaka lekoto; to be overcome by weariness, phn ega. OvERFLow, AN. Chologo; Ke leketlo. To overflow, chologa, thologa; to overHow, as a full river, chaama; the river l1as overflowed, noka e chaame. OVERHANG. Okama; okama. The trees are overhanging the path, ditlhare di okame tsela ; an overhanging forehead, as of a baboon, loriba. OvERLAY, TO. Manega. That which is overlaid with gold, se se manegileii. gouta. OVERSEER, AN. Molebalebi ; molebedi. OVERSHADOW TO. ChutihaleJa; khurumetsa. OvERSIGHT. To have oversight, lebaleba, lebela. OvERSLEEP. 'l'o oversleep one self, selwa; he has overslept himself, o secwe. OVERSPREAD, TO. Harahara. OVERTAKE, To. Hitlhela; chwara mo tseleii.. OVERTHROW. Thulega. OVERTURN, TO. PitikoloJa.. OVERWHELM. To cover up, khurumetsa. OwE. I owe him an ox, ke mo lato nae ka kgomo, ke molato nae kgomo ; if he owes you anything, ha a gu tseetse se ii.we molato. OwL, AN. Morubisi; lerubisi. A young owl, morubisina, lerubisina; to hoot, as an owl, lela. OwN. To own, or possess, rua; his own city, motseoaga gabo; their own people, ba ga gabo ; it is my own ox, ke kgomo ea me rure. OWNE a, AN. Muii.. Owners, beii.. Ox, AN. Kgomo. Apack-ox,see PACK-OX. A young ox with horns just growing, kgoii.wana; one larger than, kgoii.wana, mo gatelo; one just being trained, mokgatishwane; an ox with horns haJ grown, pholwana ; a full.grown ox, pholo ; a hornless ox, kgomo e choca ; a tailless ox, mokoto ; a. leading ox, kgomo ea tlhOgo ; a hind ox, kgomo ea morago ; an ox with a piece of its ear cut off, kgomo ealeshushu; an ox with a good deal of its ear cut off, kgomo ea lesibi ; an ox with one ear, or both, cut off alto gether, kgomo ea boriniti. For shape of ox's horns, see HoRNED. Colour in oxen gives rise to endless discussion. A few of the leading colours are given here. What colour is the ox P kgomo e caii. ? white, cheu; feminine, choana, mo shoana; black, ncho ; femi nine, chwana, moshwana; black, masculine and feminine, phihadu ; black with small white spots, or black and white with small spots, tilodi ; femi nine, tilotsana ; black and white, large patterns, pha chwa ; feminine, phachwana ; black, or red, with a mixture of black and white, or red and white about the belly, kgweba; feminine, kgwebana; belted, tshega ; feminine, tshegana ; dark brown, tokwa, thokwa; feminine, tokwana, morokwa; dark brown, with yellow about the nose, tlhaba ; feminine,

    PAGE 160

    158 tlhnbana; yellow, tshetlba; feminine, tsbetlbana ; white backed, or a little white about head or tail, nkgwe; feminine, kgwana; red, kliunou, khwibidu ; feminine, khunwana, mo hunwana; red and white, J?&t tern distinct, nala; femimne, nana; red and white, pattern indistinct, thamaga; feminine, thamagana ; red and white, colours indistinct and running into each other, kgwaripa ; feminine, kgwaripana ; light blue, roan, or. gray, kwebu; feminine, kiicwana; dark blue, pududu ; feminine, puducwa na ; white face, throat, or belly, chumu; feminine, chwi nyana. OxEN. A drove of oxen, ma tlhape; a lot of matched oxen,. dikgomo tsa malebaga.ii. ; to put oxen into a krall, tlhatlhela dikgomo; to let oxen out of a kral! bolotsa dikgomo ; to be unable to continue a journey, or to return, through loss of oxen, phopha.ma. OYSTER SHELL, AN. Kgetla. P. PAAUW, A. Kgori. PACE. A fast pace, macho bane, lobelii; at a slow pace, ka bonya; at a fast pace, ka bonakii. PACIPY, TO. Kokobetsa. To pacify an infant, kirietsa ; to become pacified, kokobala; the pacifying of infant, kurueco. PACKAGE, A. Nata. p ACKOX, A. Pelesa ; lekaba. A side pack of a pack-ox, lekii koma; a bit, made either of thong or stick for a pack-ox's nose, pema, mogala. PAGE. The page of a book, tsebe; to turn down a page, mena tsebe. PAIN. Botlhoko. A chronic pain, senyamn., senyeroa ; a piercing pain in the breast, setlhabi; a gnawing pain, bo tlhoko yo bo bura.ii. ; a labour pain, or any sharp, cutting pain, motlotsedi ; to have a shooting pain, thathanyega ; to have severe pain or soreness in bones and body, tlha.tlhara; I am in pain, ke botlhoko ; to have pain in an eye, galaka. pAINFUL. It is painful, go bo tlhoko ; to be painful, as an eye with something in it, galaka. PAINT. Ferf (hybrid). To paint, tsasa. PAIR. See Two. PALA'rABLE, TO BE. Loelela. To make palatable, loeletsa. PALATE. The roof of the mouth, legalapa, magalapa. PALE. To become pale from sickness, fear, etc., khwata. PALLID. See PALE. P ALK. The palm of a band, lo go he ; the inner part of a hand including the fingers, khuti ea seatla ; palms of both bands held oat together, maatla, no singular; to receive something on the palms of hands spread out, legeiela, lagalela' atlarela; a palm tree, mokolane. PALSIED, TO BE. Tetesela; tatasela ; reketla. Palsied, or tottering knees, ma.ii.iile a a reketlaii ; a palsied person, moteteselo. PALSY, THE. Teteselii. PANT, TO. Ubuga; begelwa; gehelwa. PAP. Bogiibe. Pap made with sweet milk, logala ; pap made with thick milk, sebube; hard pap for a journey, senkgwe; skin on cold pap, logiigii ; to boil and bubble up as pap, kgakgata. PAPER. Pampir (hybrid). PARABLE, A. Sechwanchii. PARALLEL. To lie parallel with, as a boundary, ika.ma.

    PAGE 161

    159 PARALYZE. He is pa.ra.lyzed on one side, o shule leciigo, o shule mohama.; a paralyzed person, motho oa setlashu. PARAMOUR, A. Nyatsi. PARASI'l'E. A tree parasite, or mistletoe, motlhagala; a veget able parasite, having juice used as birdlime, J:>olecwa.. PARCEL, A. Nata. A parcel of land, sebsta sa lehatshe. PARCH. To parch, or make dry, as a throat or mouth, kgakgabatsa; to become parched, or dry, a.s the mouth or throat, kgakgabala, bataolega, pha phalala; to become parched, or burnt up, as corn, chubega. PARDON. Boiohwarelii. ropar don, ichware!a. PARE, TO. Setolotsa. PARENT, A Mogolo; motsadi. Parents, borra le bomma. PARRY. To parry a blow, hema. PART. A part of a country, thokii ; in all parts, mo ditho koit cotlhe, mo ntlheii ootlhe; a part, or portion, kabO, kabelii; a part or group, lekga.thi ; for the most part, bogolo ; in part, ntlha iiwe ; to take the part of, cwa le, tsha bs le ; I will take his part, ke tla tshaba nae, ke tla cwa nae ; to part, or separate, mutually, kgaogana; to cause to separate, kgaoga nya ; to part, or become parted asunder, tsetseregana; to cause to part asunder, tsetsereganya. pARTAKE. He partakes in his evil, 0 tlhakanetse nae boshula yoagagwe. PARTAKER, A. Moaberwi. Par takers of a calling, ba ba abe cweii picii ; to be partakers with them, dumalana nabii ; they are partakers of fiesh and blood, ba abecwe nama le madi. PARTIAL. To be partial to, or favour from partiality' reke gela. PAR'fiALITY. Thekegelo. To show partiality to, or favour, tlikietsa, rekegela. PARTICULARLY. Ka tbanolii. PARTICULARS. To enter into particulars, ranola, bua ka thanolii. PARTNER, A. Monkana. PARTRIDGE, A. Leshogo. ANa ma.qua partridge, lekwetekwio. PARTY, A. Leshomii; lekgathi. A small party, leshoiiwana, tlhiiphana. PARTIES. They divide them. selves into parties, ba ikgao ganya marathirathi, ba ikgao ganya mekgathikgathi. PASs. Apass,oropening,kgiirii; a pass, or permit, pssa (hy brid) ; to pass away, or pass by, beta ; to pass each other, hetana ; to pass under, by stooping, huhumela ; to pass by at a distance, kgetla ; they passed by him at one side, and at a distance, ba mo kgetla ka thokii ; to pass through a country, ralala; to pass quickly from one work, or argument to another, putukanya, tlhatlo logana; to pass, as time, heta; to pass the night, hetisa bosigo; to come to pass, dihala ; to bring to pass, dihatsa ; to pass one thing through another, hololela ; to psss by swiftly, shaluganya ; to pass in at one side, and out at the other, po lolela, phololela; to cause to pass in at one side and out at the other, pololetsa, pholole tsa; to pass over, or step over, tlolaganya ; to pass over a river, kgabaganya, tshela; to pass away, as rain, darkness, etc., sa; the night is passed away, bosigo bo sele ; to pass bf., or leave on one side, ntela, d1tela; to be passed from one to another, as a much lent thing, akganwa ; to pass over quickly, as a passing shower, phadimoga.

    PAGE 162

    PASSAGE. A passage between two banks or things, mola; an opening, kgiirii. PASSING, A passing by, pbetii; to be passing away, iiiitlega; a passing over, tlolaganyii. PASSION. See ANGER. PASSIONATE. See ANGRY. pASS OVER, THE. Tlolaganyii. The passover feast, modihii oa tlolaganyii. PASSPORT, A, Pasa (hybrid). PASTE. Semanegii. To paste on, manega. PASTURAGE. Bobulii. A grazing plaee, bohudisbii. PAT. To pat oneself, itita.ea ; to pat a child, iipaiipela ; to pat clay, in making a floor, etc., papatha. PATCH. A patch before it is sewn in, pitiela, sebata, setsi ba ; a patch after it is sewn in, pitielii ; a patch of colour, se cubaba ; to cut a hole for a patch, dihola ; a bole cut for a patch, tibii ; to patch, bitia ; to put a patch on, bitiela; a patch or gusset let in to widen, tsetla ; grain growing in patches, matsagale. PATH, A. Tsela. A path in water, kgiirii ; a path, or lane, between hedges,\ seherii ; a small path between hedges, seherwana; a broad path, or road, in a town, mmila; a narrow road in a town, mmi lanyana; a wide path, tsela ea moabula, tsela e mohern, tsela e mhern ; to cross or step over a path, kgabaganya,tlolaganya; to make a path, ntsha tsela; to shut up, or stop a path, tsiba, thiba ; the path is shut up, tsela e thibetse ; to turn out of a path, hapoga tsela ; to turn into a path again, hapogela mo tseleii ; to cause to turn out of a path, haposa ; a circuitous path, tsela e e mocokodia, tsela e e mocopodia. 160 PATIENCE. Bopelotelele; boi phapaanyii ; boichiikii. Have patience with me, u nne pelo telele le nna. PATIENT, TO BE. Ichiika; baea pelo; baa pelo. pATIENTLY, 'fO BEAR. JchiiJra ; iphapaanya. PATitlli!ONY, A, Boshwa. PATTERN, A. Sekaelii, paterona (hybrid). To work beads, etc., into a pattern, goma. PAUNCH, A. Mogodu. PAUSE. To rest awhile, iketla, ineneketsa, itulela ; to pause in speech through a failure of memory, kakamala; to pause, or cease for a while, as one not knowing how to do a thing, gamarega ; wait a bit baea pelo itlepe itleii we PAVEMENT. A plastered floor, bopapathii. PAW. A paw of a dog, or raven ous beast,lechoo, leroo; paws, maroo. PAY, TO. Leha. To pay for work done in a garden, ruha, shuduta ; to pay to, or for, lehela ; to cause to pay, lehisa; to pay a debt, leha molato; to pay part of a debt, chuisa; to pay me part of a. debt, nchui setsa ; to pay out a rope, gwaea.; I will pay it out to wards him, ke tla. e gwaela kwa go ena; to pay, or reward, duela. PAYMENT, A. Tue!O; tehii; ma duii; thuhii. PEA, A. Nawa. PEACE, kagishii ; lodule; thaga mii. Ease, boiketlii ; to be at peace, thagama; the people are at peace, batho ba thaga me; to cause people to be at peace, agisanya batho ; to be at peace with God, agisanya le Modimo ; to make people at peace with God, agisanya batho le Modimo ; they are at peace with each other, ba agelelana,

    PAGE 163

    161 ba agisuya ; they were not at peace with each other, ba le ba sa agisanye ; hold your peace kgaotsa PEACEABLE. Bori. PEACEMAKERS. Ba ba agisanyaii ; ba ba letlanyaii. PEACHES. Perekes (hybrid). PEACOCK, Pikok (hybrid). l'EAK. Lencwe ye le ntlha. PEARL, A. Perela (hybrid). PEA'f-SOIL. Borobu. PEBIILE, A. Lokgarapana; lo kgwarapana. Pebbles, makga rapaua, makgwarapaua. PECK. 'fo peck up, nopola; to peck at, as a fowl, etc., loma ; a bird pecked it, niinyane e le ea se loma. PECULIAit. A peculiar person, motho o sele, motho oa me kgwa. PECULIARI'rY, A. Mokgwa. A peculiarity in gait or manner, mabela. PEDLAR, A. Smous (hybrid). PEEL. Peel, or rind, lekape; to peel potatoes, seta makwele; t.o peel pumpkin, setolotsa le phutse; to peel. bark off, huma; to peel sweet-reed, obola; to become peeled off, oboga. PEEP. 'fo peep out, kukunya; to peep out and disappear again, gonyela, unya. PEEP-Hou;. A peep-hole in a wall, seokomelabagwe. PEER, TO. Papalatsa matlho. PEEVISH, '1'0 BE. Betwa ke pelo. PEG, A. Lomapii. A peg for hanging things on, sehata ; to knock in a peg, kiikiithela; to stretch out a skin for pegging down, bapola. PELVIS, A. Selalo. Bone of a pelvis, lesapii ya selalii. PEN, A. Pen (hybrid). A cattle pen or kraal, lesaka ; to press hard on a pen in writing, gatclela; to press lightly on a pen, kokobatsa ; to be open. nibbed, as a scratching pen hatalala. PENCIL. A lead pencil, piitlot (hybrid) ; a slate pencil, lencwe. PENHOJ.DER, A. Kgatla ea plm. PENINSULA, A. Seodi. PENIS, A. Piilo; ncucu. Both used as a curse. A child's penis, peyana ; a bull' s penis, pata; a horse's penis, chukii. PENI'rENCE. Boikwatlhai\. l'ENI'fEN'!', TO BE. lkwatlhaea. PEOPLE. Batho. A nation, mora.he ; a tribe, sesbaba, lo shaba; his people, or descend ants, ba gagwc; his people, or father's family, ba ga gabii. PEPPER. Pipper (hybrid). PERADVEN'l'UR);. Perhaps, kgampo ; lest perchance, e ka re kgotsa, ekare kgotsa. PERCEIVE, TO. Lemoga. To cause to perceive, lemotsha. PERCH, TO. Nna; dula. A perch, sehata. PERCHANCE. Lest perchance, e ka re kgotsa ; e se re kgotsa. PERFECT, '1'0 BE. ltekauela; be ye perfect, lo unc boitekanelii. Boitekanelii. PERFECl'f.Y. Ka boitekanclii. To do a thing perfectly, lalola. See BoRE. PERFUME. A powder used as a perfume, bolaii. PERH,lPS. Kgampo; goiiwe; uampi; nampo; kgana; kn.na; kgotsa; ntla. Perhaps it is it, ntla ke eona. PERIC.tll.DIUlll, THE. Leaparapelo. PEII.IOD, A. Lobaka. PEIIISH, TO. LotlhCga; nyelela. 'fo die, shwa; to vanish, hela. PERITONEUM, 'rHE. Lomipi. l'ERJIIANENT, TO BE. Ritibala ; tlhiimama. PEitlLUH:N'I'LY. Ka tlhomamii. PERMEATE. To permeate, or intertwine, rarana; they per meate the whole country, ba raranye le lebatshe yeotlhe. L

    PAGE 164

    162 PERMISSION. Teseleco, PERMIT, TO. Leseletsa ; lesa. To permit oneself, itesa, itese letsa ; to permit me, ntesa ; permit me to speak, mma, ke bue. PERPENDICULAR, TO BE. Ku nama.; simalala ; tlhamalala. It is perpendicular, e kuname, e tlhamaletse ; to make per pendicular, kunamisa. PERPLEX, TO. Tseanya; kama. These things perplex him, dilo tse dia mo kamn.; to be per plexed, kamcga, akabala; I am perplexed by these things, ke kaiiwa ka dilo tse, k\l tsiancwe ke dilo tsc. PERPI.EXITY. KakabalO; tba-ranii. To be in perplexity, tseana, akabala. PERSECUTE, 'fO. Bogisa; yesa manya. PERSECUTION. Pogisbo. PERSEVERANCP:. Bocwclelii pele; tlhiiahalii ; bobokwe, Int. PERSEVERE. Cwclela pele; lekela kwa pele ; tlhiiabala ; icbiika ; to persevere in doing or following, sbwalalela; to persevere in different work3, and finish them all, budu butsa. PERSIST. To persist, or be per sistent, tatalala. A persistent person, setatalala. PERSON, A, Motho. His own person, sebele sa gagwe; a worn-out, or useless person, setho. PERSONALITY. Sebele; botho. PERSPIRATION, Mobuhucii. To induce perspiration by drinking bot things, ikapaea ; to cool oneself in the wind when in a perspiration, iphokapbokisa. PERSPIRE, TO, Huhula; tsbitlha metse. To cause to perspire, buhudisa. PERSUADE, TO. Kgiina; tlho tlbeletsa, I have persuaded him, ke mo kgonne. PERSUASION, kgiinii. To over come by persuasion, kgiina. PE RSU AS IVE. Persuasive, or slippery words, mahoko a bo rethe. OF SPEECH. Borethe yoa puii. PERUSE, TO. Bala. PERVERSE. He is per\erse, o logwadi ; o loshiikii; o kgiipii. PERVERSENESS. Bogwadi. PERVERSITY. Bogwadi; loshiikii. PERVER1', TO. Shiikamisa. PEs'rEtt. 'l'o pester by coming often, phatlhola tlhiigii. PEs '1'1 LE N c E. Pesetelense (hy brid). PEsnE, A. Motshc. PET, 'l'O. Rl\ta. To love a favourite child, tlikietsa ; to pull about in pet.ting, phora phora; to kiss much, atlaatla ; a pet child, as being the sole surviving one, iiwana oa mabu; a pet name, or term of endear ment, morotii; a pet dog, nca ea boraka (hybrid). PE'l'ITION, A. Topii; thapelii; mokokiitlclo. A _petition or memorial, memori (hybrid); to petition, rapela, kiikiitlela. PETTICOAT, A. Moses. Skin worn in front, khiba. PHARISEE, A. Mofarisai (hybrid). PHEASANT. A kind of bird like a small pheasant, khohe. PHLEGM. Segiitlhiila. PHYSIC. See MIJllliCINE. PHYSICIAN, A. Naka. PICK, A. Mogoma. A thin pointed stick, phaii ; a thick pointed stick, mohana; to pick, or assort, tlhopba ; to pick, or choose, itshenkela ; tn pick a garden, lema; to pick new ground, kgatha; to pick a bone, kukona; to pick any thing out with a knife, gonya; to pick up with the fingers, one by one, sela, tlotlona; to pick, or peck up, one by one,

    PAGE 165

    1G3 nopola; to pick one's teeth, itukula; to pick teeth of another person, duknla ; to pick stones out of a garden, dukula maye; to pick, or clean grain by picking, tlhOpha; to pick up, or gather together with hands, kiikwanya ; to pick up the feet, or walk fast, tlhomola dina.o; to pick to pieces, tlhatlhola; to pick ripe fruit from unripe, or dry sticks from n hedge, khukhuna. PICKAXE, A. Pik (hybrid). PICKING. An authorized picking time, lctsema; n picking ground, tshimo; picking ground in winter, lotlhagare. PICTURE. A. Sechwanchii. PIECE. A piece of a broken stick, axe handle, etc., putlC!a; piece, or fragment of a broken pitcher, etc., a small piece, bbetla; a large piece, kabetlana; a piece of stick, or small log of wood, sekiimiitwana. PIE 1'0. 'l'aputa; phunya; tlhaba. 'l'o pierce, or tiddle with holes, kgautla; to pierce slightly, kwenesa; to pierce through, so as to come out at the other side, phololetn; tu pierce with a sharp instrument, gatletsa; to pierce, and sland upright in, tsepam
    PAGE 166

    164 with spikes in it, lemlma ; pit of the stomach, sepernperu, sechwabo ; to pit, or become pressed, as a swelling, bobela; to cause to pit, bobetsa. PITCH. Boka. Pncn ER. A water pitcher, nkgo. PITFALL. See PIT. Prm. Pelo; moko; moko. Pri'IADLE. A pitiable object, motho oa matlhol,!lola pelo. PITILESS, 1'0 DE. Nona pelo. Pnv. Bontlwelo botlhoko; bo nomi yoa pelo; to pity, or have pity upon, utlwela botlhoko, tlhomogela pelo; to draw out the heart in pity, tlhomola pelo. PI.ACE, A. Lobaka; helo; golo. Places, mahelo ; this place, helo ha, golo ha; one place, he!O goiiwe, golii goiiwe; l1is place, helo ga gagwe ; a halt iug place, bonno; a regufar, or dwelling place, bonno; a place where things are set down, bobeo; in your place, mo boe. moii yoa gago ; a pretty place, helo kwa go ntle ; an open place, patlelo; another place, helO go sele; a desert place, helo go l(areganaga ; the place where, helo ha, golo ha; to place, or set down, baea ; to place lightly upon, okega; to give place to, shutela ; to place upon oneself, ipaea; to give place, thiboga ; to take )Jlace, dihala, dihabala; to plnce across, phekaganya; to place across in a slanting tti. l'LANT, '1'0, Tlhoma. A plant, setlhomo ; a young plant, or shoot, letlogela, lecwela. PJ.AS'l'Ell. Plastering material, boloko, phatego; to plaster a floor by putting on clay, and patting it, papatha ; to plaster u. wall by throwing on lumps of clav, batega; a plastered, or made floor, bopnpatho. l'LAT, 'l'O. Loga. PLA'rE, A. Seyana. l'LA'l''l'Ell, A. Seketla; seketlano.; sekel. 'l'o play, thameka; to play on an in trument, lctsa., lotsa ; to play for, leletsa; to play about, us calves, ralotsa ; child's play, tshamekwane. PLEAD, TO. Rape la. Plead for, rapelela. PLEASANT. lionate. To be

    PAGE 167

    165 pleasant, nateba; to be pleasant to, natehela ; to cause to be pleasant, natetsha. PLEASANTNESS. N ateho; bomo nate. PLEASE, TO. If you please, cwC, cwCcwC, codiocOcU; to please oneself, inatetsha; if it pleases God, ha e le go rata ga Modimo ; hear us, please, u tlo u re utlwe, a ko u re utlwc. Pr.EASED, TO liE. Kgatlbwa ; ipela; kgatlhcga. 'l'o become pleased with him, kgatlhCga m" go (ma ; I was pleased, or rejoiced, ke le ka itumcla; to appear pleased, or smile, ruma ruma; with whom I am well eo ke itumclait mo go ena; you have done just as you pleased with the things, u tlhotse u dibaka dilo. PLEASING. To be pleasing to, natehela, tsalabt, kgatlhCga ; things which are pleasing in his sight, dilo tse di kgatlhaii mo matlboii a gagwe ; it is well pleasing to thee, go rata ga gago go ntse yalo. PLEASURE. Nateho; moipelo; monate. Mirth, tlbapelo, le tlbapClo ; delight, kgatlbcgo ; to have pleasure in, or be pleased by, natebClwa ke. PLEDGE, A. Pcclo. To receive in pledge, chola pcelo; to give back a pledge, rebola pcclo. PLEIADES, THE. Selemcla. PLENTIFUL, See ABUNDANT, PLIABLE. See FLEXIBLE. l'LIAN'r. See SUPPLE. PLIGur, A. Tshitegi>. PLOT. A plot, or a lying in wait, mooko ; a plot of ground, tema; a small plot of ground, temana ; a plot of level ground between two hills suitable for ploughing, tidima. PLOUGH,A. Mogoma. Toplough, lema; to plough for, lemela; a ploughing, lctsema ; a plougher, molemi; to plough new ground, kgatha; to plough one day for payment, lemisa ; to plough more than one day for payment, ea temeii; to plough. without sowing, lema thobu ; to plough before rain falls, kgera. PLUCK. A pluck of a slaughtered animal, diretlo; to pluck out, or off, with the fingers, tlhoba, cua ; to pluck out, or hook out, gonya; to pluck from a tree, hula mo setlhariii; to pluck, or pull up by the roots, khu mola; to pluck fruit, hula ; to pluck a fowl, tlhoba; to pluck out of a hand, cubula. PLUG, TO. Kaha. A plug, or cork, setsibii, sethibo ; a plug for bottom hole of a milk sack, thobola; to push in a plug, tsiba; to take out a plug, tsibolola ; to take the plug out of a milk sack, thobola. PLUGGED. To become plugged or closed up, kabala ; it is plugged up, or closed up, e kabetse. PLUNDER. Kgapii; thopii. To plunder, gapa, thopa. PLUNGE. 1'o plunge anything into water, thabuetsa, tho buetsn. ; to plunge oneself in, ithabnetsa ; he was plunged into the sea, o la a thabuediwa mo lewatleii. ; to be plunged in, with a noise, t.habuela, thobuela; it hn.s been plunged in by him, se thabnedicwe ke Cna. POCKET, A. Kgetse. PoD. A poll, or shell of bean, etc., lekape ; a seed pod on thorn tree, kalabua. PoET, A. Motho oa dipina. POINT, A. Ntlha. The point. of a thorn, etc., broken oft' in the flesh, tlhagare ; it has no point, or it is blunt at the point, se kubegile ; to point, or m:tke pointed, of tL pole,

    PAGE 168

    166 etc., tlhokola ; to point out or describe, kaea; to point out, or show, shupa; to point out to, kaela ; to poiut out to, or show to, shupetsa ; to wet a finger, and point it at a person, in anger, kgotletsa. PoD1TED. Pointed stones, maye a dintlha; a thin pointed stick, loshane ; a thick pointed stick, phaii., kepu ; thin pointed sticks, dinchane; as I have pointed out, yaka ke kaile. PoiSON. Mobolii ; more o o bo laeaii; chefe (hybrid). 'l'o poison, to poison with a deadly poison, kgatlhola; the cattle have been poisoned by eating withered corn, dikgomo di yele mokgau. PoKE. 'l'o poke the point of a finger into, kgotla; to poke in the ribs at play, tsitsitla, tsi kitla ; to poke with a horn, forward movement, tlbaba; to poke with a sideward move ment of a horn, putla ; to poke, or lift up with a ho!"n, or horns, she go la. PoLE. A centre pole in a Secwa na hut, or supporting pole in front verandah, lekotwana, leotwana; thick pole in house wall, leotwana; thin pole in house wall, kgotl wane ; a pole on the top of verandah poles, mophakwana; a pole supported by two other poles for banging kll.rosses on, mosipori; a side pole, and a cross pole of a krall gateway, mokotii, mopakii ; a pole or long stake, mokoro, mopakii; to cut straight poles, anyolola ; to fasten a pole in the ground by stamping or wedging, setlcla; to draw out a pole, tlhomola ; a pointed pole or stake in a game pit, mohatsa. POLECAT, A. Nakedi. PoLIUEMAN, A. Leotlana, Int. ; lepolis (hybrid). POLISH. To polish by rubbing, gotlba ; to polish by rubbing two things together, gotlhanya; to polish boots, shutlba di tlhako. PoLL, 'l'O. See SHAVE. POLLUTE, TO. ltsbekolola. PoLLUTION. ltshekologii. PoLYGAMIST. He is a polygamist, 0 nretse lehuha. PoLYGAMY. Lehuha. POliEGRANA1.'E. Garanata (hybrid). POND. See Poor.. PoNDEit, -ro. Akanya; gopola. PoN-r, A. Ponto (hybrid). PooL. A pool in a stream, lekadiba, lediba ; pool, or open space in lake or river, sur rounded by reeds or bushes, bodiba; a large pool, or lake, letsha; a. muddy or tramped pool, lokgobe; a rain pool, mogobe; a small rain pool, mogoyana; a shallow rain pool, lopapa; a bank, or dam, en closing a small pool, lekgelebe. PooR. 'l'o become poor, hu manega; I am poor, ke hu manegile ; a poor person, st>humanegi, mohunu1ncgi ; poor (of meat), chuehu; poor (of cattle), mokoduwe; to be come poor, or mea.grc, kodua hala, bopama. PoRCH. A porch, or entrance, kgiiro. PoRCUPINE, A. Noko. A quill of a porcupine, m uti wa; a head dressof porcnpinequills, kgare. PoRK. Nama. ea. kolobc. PoRRIDGE. See PAP. PoRTENT. A portent, or omen, botlhodi. PORTION, A. Kabo; l
    PAGE 169

    167 PosiTION, A. Popego. PosiTIVELY. Toforbidpositively, iletsa rurP. PossEss. To possess, or take hold of thoroughly, topela; to possess, or own, rua; he did not possess anything, or remain possessed of anything, a se ka a salelwa ke sepe; the things which we possess, dilo tse re naii naco ; to be possessed with a desire to be or to do, loescga ; to be possessed or mad, tscnwa; those who are possessed by devils, ba ba tscnyweii. ke botiabolo. PosSESSION. It is in my posses. sion, ke se chotse ; a possession, moruii, boshwa; possessions, or goods, dithoto, dithuo. PossiBLE. It is not possible, go retetse. PosT. A pole, see PoLE; a cattle-post, moraka; the post, pos (hybrid). Por, A. Pitsa. A small. pot, pitsa.na ; a. clean, new pot, pitsa ea mokgako ; a large rc tining pot, a pot for boiling beer in, tlhama. e e apaeaii boyalwa.; a water pot, nkgii ; cla.y for making a pot, lecopa; to make a pot, bopa ; to burn a pot,. besa.; a mov able pot handle, mogala; a fixed pot handle, moshushu ; black off a pot, mosidi ; a stone for supporting a pot, letsbegii; to arrange stones for support ing a pot, tshegeJela pitsa; to scrape a pot, hala ; a pot scraper, segwadi; to put a pot on the fire, tlhatlaea; I have put the pot on the fire, ke tlbatleile pitsa ; to put any thing to cook in a new pot, kgakola; to pour water into a pot on the fire, tlhadia; pre pare me!J,t for the pot, dihCia nama ; to wash corn, etc., for the pot, okela ; to put sticks in a pot for meat to rest on, alela pitsa ; sticl
    PAGE 170

    animals, mokoduwc; to sink or fall down through poverty, pharama. PowDER. Any fine, dusty sub stance, loupa, dikupa; gun powder, godi (hybrid) ; powder used for children, bolao ; to grind or pound to powder, Iota, touta; to powder by breaking, thuga.. PowER, Ability, nonohii ; strength, thata; a ruling power, mmusho. PoWERFUL. Thata ; senatla. To become powerful, thatabala; to make powerful, thatabatsa; nouotsha. Pox. Small-pox, segagane, se kgwaripan, kgwaripana; ag gravated form of chicken-pox, thutlwa. PRAISE. To praise in song, baka, boka ; to extol, haka ; to praise for, bakela, bakela; to' become praised, bakega. PRANCE, TO. Matla. To prance about, as a warrior shaking his spear over his head, i1atetsa; kgana. PRANCING, A. 1\fatlii, PRATE, TO. 13ahtbala; bcra; popotla. PRATTLE, TO. Balabala; itba thatha. PRATTLER, A. 1\lmalabadi. PRAY, To. R'l.pela. 1-'o pray for, rapcleJa. PRAYER, A. Thapclii; morapclo; thapelclo. PREACH. To teach, ruta ; to proclaim, bolcla. PREACHER, A. Moruti ; mmu. ledi. PRECAUTION. To take pre caution, itisa. PRECEDE. 1-'o go in front of, etCla kwa pele ; to precede him, mo ctClcla pele, mo ete lela kwa pele ; to precede or go before, sie!a; the day pre cedin}' the Sabbath, tsatsi ye le gogau sabata. HIS PRECIOUS, TO BE. Ratega. PRECIPICE, A. Logaga. PRECISELY. To speak precisely, ranola; he speaks precisely, or to the purpose, oa re tshe. PRECISENESS, 1.'o speak with preciseness, or fully, ranola, bua ka thanolo. PREDIC'l"t To. Bolelcla pele ; shupelela. PREDICTION, A. Lehoko ya polclcli:i pele. PREFERENCE. To have a pre ference for, chwakgoga; be has a preference for meat, o chwakgocwe ke nama. PREFERRED, '1'0 BF.. Lebcga. PREGNANCY. Boima. Pregnancy of cattle, bonemeru. PUEGNANT. To become pregnant, ithwala ; she is pregnant, o ithwele; she is pregnant of an illegitimate child, o ithwele mpa ea dikgora; a pregnant woman, moima., moimana, moi thwadi ; I was pregnant with so and so, ka bo Ice ithwele ka maiimaii.; to become pregnant (of cattle), nemeruhala; it is pregnant, e nemcru ; to show signs of pregnancy (of cattle), sigama. PUEJUDICE. To refuse to pre judice one's own cause by answering questions, or giving evidence, ikelamela. PRELIMINARY WORDS. Dikctapele tsamahoko. PREPAUATION, A. Paakanyii; paakanyeco ; ketleco ; ike tleco. PREPARE, TO. Baakanya; baanya. To prepare for, baakanyetsn, etleletsa, baanyetsa ; to pre pare for oneself, iketletsa; those who were prepared or ready, ha ba leii. ba iketleditse; to prepare for oneself gold, iketletsa ka gouta ; they pre pared to go, ba le ba ipaakan yetsa go ea ; I have prepared to go, ke iketleditse go ea ; to

    PAGE 171

    169 prepare one's things for start mg on a journey, iketletsa, itshemelC!a ; to prepare food for a person to journey with, etleetsa ; to prepare to receive visitors, start on a journey, etc., tobaka; he is preparing to go, oa tobakela go ea ; to be prepared, etleetscga, etlele dicwe. PnEsAGE, A. Botlhodi. PRESENCE. In his presence, ha pele ga gagwe; to lose one's presence of mind, as through fright, pharama. PRESEN'r, A. Nco. A present of bulbs, or berries, mokome; a present t" one's mother's brother, leshori; to return a present, being offended with the giver, itlhwaea; to present, or give, naea; I have been presented with meat, ltlela; to be pressed down, gntelwa. PRESUME. To presume, or exalt oneself, ikgodisa; I presume, ekete, ekote. PRESUMPTION. Boitaleco. PRETEND. 1'o feign to be, ipaea., itshema; to change oneself, -iphetola ; be pretended to be angry, a ipaea bogale. PitEuxr, A. Seipato. PRETTY. See BEAUTIFUL. PREVAIL. To prevail against, heoya, hekeetsa; to be able for, nonohilla. PREVARICATE, TO. Liitsahala; tidika; shuba m1thoko.

    PAGE 172

    170 PREV>:NT, TO. Reteletsa; thiba. To prevent from moving, dia; to prevent a person from speak ing, when he wishes to speak, titinya ; he has prevented him from speaking, o mo titintse; he is prevented from speaking by the chief, o titincwe kc kgosi; to prevent, a person from doing, by holding him back, eo la. PREVIOUSLY. Pele. PRICE, A. Thekii ; pereise (hy brid). Money, etc., to buy with, tlhotlhwa. PRICK, TO. 'l'lhaba; to prick, or irritate, as very fine thorns, baba.. PRIDE. Bopelompe; boikgodi sbii ; mabela ; boikgogomoshii. ro be puffed up with pride, horCga. PltiXCE, A. .Kgosana. PRINCIPALITY. Bogosana. PRIN"r, 1'0. Gatisa. To be printed, gatisi wa; a print, or scar, lo badi. PRINTER, A. Mogatisi. PRISON, A. Ntlo ea kgolegelo; toronko (hybrid). 'l'o break out of prison, thoba. PRISONER, A. Mogolegwi ; mo golegwa. PRIVATE. The private parts as a whole, of male or female, le pele, ha pele ; these terms can be used with propriety, but all the distinctive names are used as curses when mentioned at all ; to be properly covered about the private parts, ika he is exposed about the private parts, o sa ikatega, ga a ikatege. PRIVILEGED. Ncmelcle. PRIVILY. See SECRETLY. PRIVY, A. Ntlo ea boithomelii; to be privy to, itse. PRIZI':, A. Tuelii. To pri7.e open, or lift up with a lever, matolola, mantolola. PROBABLE. It is probable, ekete. PROBATION. Buitekil. PROCEED, '1'0. Cwclela pele. PRocLAm, To. Bolela. To call out, kua ; to call out to, kuela. PROCRASTINATE, "1'0. Nyabaia. PltODIGAL. He is prodigal, or wasteful, o sehahalele. PRODIGALITY. Bobahalele. PROFESS. 'l'o make a profession, as an enquirer, ipobola. PROFESSION, A. Jioipobolii. Plwrn. 'l'husho; temohalo. To profit, lemohala; to be of no profit, horiika; it is of no profit to me, sea mphoroka. PIWF11'A It is profitable, se n& le thushii, se molemii. PROGENITOR, A. Mots&di. PROGENY, A. Losika. To have a large progeny, tototsa; he had a large progeny, o la a tototsa. PRoGitESS. To make progress, go ea k\va pele, go cwelela pele. P1t0JECT. To project, or stick out, kbutlola; to project, as a swelled navel, betologa. PROLIFIC. To have a large family, tototsa. PROMINENCE. A heap of things covered over, lebupu. PROMISE, A. Poleli\lo pele ; po lelo; lehoko ya polelelo pele. To promise, or confirm, tlbii mamisa. Puoll!oNToaY, A. Tlhogo. PRONGED. A pronged stick for stirring food, lohetlho ; a prongeu stick for holding down bushes, iiakale. PRoor, A. Chupo. PROPER. It is proper, go siame; it is not proper, ga goa siama. PRoi'EitLY. To fail of doing anything properly, tlamake lela. Pitoi'HECY,A. Perofeshii (hybrid). PltOI'HESY, TO. Perofeea (hy. brid). PROPHET, A, Moperofeti (by. brid).

    PAGE 173

    171 PROPITIATION, A. Thuanyo. PROP!liE'rY. With propriety, ka chwane!lo, ka tsbiamii. PRosEcUTE, To. Scka. To prosecute an innocent person, siltclela. PROSECU'l'ION. Tsheko. PROS PElt, TO. Kokotlegela; tshegohalii. PROSPERITY. Tshegohalii ; bo cwelli!ii pele. PROSTITUTE, A. Seaka; mosadi oa dikgora. PROS'lTI'U'riON. Boaka. PROST!tA'rE. To prostrate one self, ikisa kwa tlbatshe ; to be prostrate from weariness, etc., iiodiega ; to prostrate, or lay hold of thoroughly, as a serious illness, tiipcla ; I am prostrated by sickness, ke topecwe ke botlhoko. PnoTECT. To defend, hemela; to take care of, disa. PltOTECTION. Phemi\lo; tishii. PROTES1', TO. Ganela. 1'o vow, ikana. PROTRUDE. See PROJECT. PR01'UIIERANCE. A protuberance under the ear of a fat per.;on, leiiana. Pnouo, roDE. Ikgodisa. To be self-atistied, tomeega; he is proud, or finicky, in dress, gait, ete., o boliitwe, o mo liitwe; to make oneself proud, or puff oneself up, ikgogomosa; he is proud, o mabela; to be proud aml despise others, 1pcg>t; a proud person, mme lahadi, moikgogomosi. PROUDLY. 1'o walk proudly, gwauta; to walk proudly, or gracefully, Iota. Pnon;. To testify, shupa; to establish, tlMmamisa; to try, tlhotlhomisa. PROVERB, A. Seane. To utter a proverb, tlhabn. seane. PROVIDE FOR, '1'0. TJamCla; mvacwaela. To provide for each other, tlamalana. PROVOCATION. Kgakacii; kgala. kish<>. PRovou:, TO. Galakisa; gakatsa; rumola. He is provoked, o gakatsegile, o tlhotlheletsegile ; to incite, tlbotlbeletsa. PROVOKING. He is a provoking one, o borumolaii. PROXIMITY. Bogauhe ; bogau eh wane. PnuDENCE. Tsisimogo. PnUDKNT, TO BE. Sisimoga. A prudent, or wise person, moi tse.anape, moitseoanape. PRUNE. 'l'o cut, sega; clean away leaves, etc., baakanya. PUBIS, THE. Senana; dinana. PUBLICLY. l\1o bathuii.; mo pepeneneii. PUBLISH, TO. Utlwatsa. PucKEit, TO. Klmaganya. PUERPERAL INFLUUJATION. Molatlhadusbwana. PuFF. To puff oneself up, ikgo gomosa, ipudulosa; to puff up, or inflate, budulosa ; to be. come puffed up with pride, horega.; to become puffed up, as a dead body, or from paiu, gogomoga.. PuF.FADDEit. A. Lebolobolo. PULL. 1'o draw, to take out, ntsha; to pull one thinl( out from under another, shwahula; to pull out with finger and thumb, tomola; to pull anything out from under wat.er, inola; to pull out by the roots, kbumola, tlhomololu,, t.lhomola; to pull out of a sheath, shomoh; to be pulle
    PAGE 174

    172 itlhomolfl; to pull or snatch out of the lire, sb.watola mo moleloii.; to pull, or pluck, a pumpkin or bunch of fruits, kgomola; to pull out, or stretch, so as to lengthen, shwnpola; t
    PAGE 175

    173 plish a purpose, henya boikae lelii ; to speak without purpose, kgwereana ; he speaks to the purpose, oa re tshe; for what purpose? ka ntlhafi? on pur pose, ka bomo, ka omo, ka tomelecii. PURPOSELESS. A purposeless remark, kgwereanii. PuRPOSELY. Ka bomo. PuRsE, A. Kgetsana. A le:tther pouch or purse, kgwa,tlha; to purse up the lips in contempt or scorn, shwinya. PuRsuE, To. Leleka. To follow, late la, httelela; to pursue e:tgerly, outdistancing others, gwatelcla ; to pursue persever ingly, kiinatclcla; to pursuA a fleeiug foe, or an animal either to turn back or capture, lcleka ; to pursue persevering ly, follow h:trd :tfter, or track a wounded a,nimal, khukhela. Pus. Boladu. 'l'o squeeze out pus, tamutsa,; the pus is 1ipe, bola,du bo botute; the pus is not ripe, or watery, boladu bo lore me. PusH. 'l'o push anything for ward, or away, kgoro1netsa; to push, or throw along tbe ground, kga.rametsa; to push into a sheath, shomcla; to push one thillg between othet things, shukunyetsa; to push sticks into a tire, kgotletsa; to push ot constrain by pushing, shubelela; push earth down into a hole, or off a bank, phoma; to push down e:trth into drink ing places, a,s cattle do, pbo mesetsa; to push a thingin, and shake it about, sh watlh; to push one thing through another, hololela; to push down, as a tree, goshumetsa ; to push up into a corner, or narrow sp:we, kgorobelela; to push a thing off, as off a wall, kgiitla; he pushed it off with a piece of wood, a se kg0tla ka logoi\; to push out, or take out, soil in digging a hole, keolola,. PuT. 'l'o place, baea ; to put in, tsenya; to put away from, as a dog with a stick, ikgoha; to put on a pot, tlhatlaea ; to put on a hat, shoe, yoke, etc., r1mla; to put, or gather into, a box or sack, iilela; top ut food by for a person, siela; to' put away a wife or husband, tlhala; to put on one ide, beela thokii; to put on a sword, itshemelela; they put him forward, ba le ba mo shuteletsa ha pele; he put himself, a ipaea; to put forth leaes, tllwga malmkaba; to put. ont a light, tima; a fire that is not put out, molelii o o sa timegei1 ; to put up, or stay at a, place, golola, belegolola, tlhaolela, thibelela,; to put oxen into a krall, tlhatlbela; to {:Ut on, ot fix on, tlhiimela; to put things where they ought not to be, or out of place, bidilcga; to put into, as into water, inCla. PuTRID. 'l'o stink from being putrid, nkga sebodn ; to be soft from being putrid, ohwe retlhega, hetlhega. A. Lelepa. To find out, or resolve a puzzle, kgololola lelepa ; to puzzle, or make difficult to remember, gaka ; they will puzzle us, di tla re gaka. Q. QuAcK, TO. Lela. QuAGlllRE, A. Seriiriima. QllAIL, A. Lephurwana; chosabanne. QUAKE. To shudder, sipoga, ai poga mmde. QuARREL, A. Kgail. A noisy quarrel, komaii. ; to quarrel, or be at strife, lotlhana; to pro voke others to quarrel, lotlhanya; to help him in a quarrel,

    PAGE 176

    174 go mo loUhanCla; to provoke with a ,iew to quarrel, hepa, hepenyetsa; he desired to pro voke a quatrel by means of them, a iphi\tlha ka bona ; to fall out, or disagree, lcgaogana; to fight, I wa; they have fought, ba lolc; to fight or quarrel over, lwela. QuAatu;:LsOM);, TO nE. Phomela; a quarrelsome person, mopho medi. QuARTER. A qmuter, or place, helo. QuARTZ. See CRYSTAL. A, Mohunmgadi; kgosi ea sesadi; QuENCH. 'l'oquench a tire; tima molelo ; to quench the thirst, nona locwalo. QuESTION, A. Poco. To ques tion, or ask, botsa; to question, or doubt, belaela; to question in a round-about way, botsa ka tloku; to question each other, botsanya, bot.sisttnya; to qnes tion, or doubt about, akauya kaga. QUICK. Quick, or quickness, bonako; quick in work, or action, bobebe, boheho; he is quick, or active, o tlhaga, o bouako; to bec01ne quick, tlbagahala; to cause to become quick, tlha. gahatsa; to be quick, or make haste, itlhaganela ; he is quick in belie\'iug, 0 bohcho go uu mi\la. QUICKEN. To quicken the uead, rudisa bashwi. QuiCKLY. Ka bonako; ka bo heho ; ka pela. To go, or do quickly, tlhagahala; to come quickly towards, akoha; to run quickly away, taboga; he will go quickly, or soon, o tla alcoha a ea; let them come quickly, a di akotshe ; to come or go quickly, hehoga; to walk, or journey quickly, kgopoga; the water will boil quickly, metse a tla akotsha a bela ; will you come quickly P a u tla akotsha u tla? QuiET. Senya. It is quite quiet here, go senya bela mono; to he quiet, or calm, sisibala; to he quiet, as in passing a snake, sisibala; all is quiet, or at rest,, go sa ducwe hola, g.J nncwe hela. QuiETED. To becomequioteil, or pacified, kOkobela. QUIE"l'LY. Ka boniilo,ka bonya; to go about qnietly, nyanyaeia, tsamaea ka nyanyaolo. QUIETNESS. Senya. QunE. Just, heh; to be quite sure, go itse entle, go itse rnrc. QuiVER, A. l\Iokokwana; tlho bolo. R. A rock rabbit, pela. lt.wE, A. lobelO. A race, or family, losika; to race, or run fast, sia ; to run toge t.hl'r in a race, siana, tbuba lobelo ; to cause to race, siau tsha; to start in a race, bolola; to beat another in a race, ia; I have won the race, ke siile ; a conqueror in a. race, mosii; a stick placeu as a in a race, sekhukbu, sekgelc. ltADIANCE. Maraii. RADIANT. To shine, phat3hima. ltAF'r. A pole for crossing tt stream on, taa ; a pole structu1e for crossing good on, sehata. RAF1'loat, A. 'l.'Jhomeshii. 'l'o fix the rafters, tlhomea; old mftel', or rafters, lorutlela. RAG, A. Sekatana. Rags, dika tana, makatana, makgasana, makgagokgago; in rags, or tagged, makgOga. RAot:, A. Yayarego. To be in a rge, yayarega; to ra;{e, or spea.k loudly in a rage, kgaya yega ; to rage at, or rail at, kgayayegCia.

    PAGE 177

    175 RAGGED, TO BE. J'>falrgega. RAIL, A. See PoLE. 'l'o rail at, or upbraid, kgiiba; to mil at with a loud noise, kgayayegel>t. RAILING. A railing, or noisy quarrel, komaii. RAILWAY, A. Relwe (hybrid). ltAIMENT. Diapa1ii. RAIN. Pula. Winter rain, or rain after harvest, pula ea kgogolamoko ; very heavy showers of rain, leshogodi ya pula; a hoo.vy, pelting shower of rain, leebana, leshogodi ; slight shower, mokubisana, modupe, mokode, Int. ; a very slight shower, moducwana; steady rain, pula ea medupe; a slight shower of rain, falling at a distancP, sephadi ; the scent of rain, lohoka; moisture from rain, loitiila; sign in tho sky of coming rain, serogaba liipii ; to rain, ua ; it has rained, e ne le ; to cause to min, nesa; to rain on, nCia.; it rains, pula. ea na ; the moon has a halo, and hence rain may be ex J:ected, kgwPdi e epile picii; it has rained there, e netse gona ; to send rain on, nesetsa ; to fall (of the rain of the season), phaila; thfl 'first rain has fallen, pula e phaitse; the rain did not cease, pula e "e ka ea kgaotsa; the rain ceased, pula e le ea khutla; to quickly, as the rain of a passing shower, phadimoga; to rain gently, or in slight showers, komakoma ; it 1ains continu ally, pula ea philm; to rain in a continuous noisy downpour, shwaela; to ro.in in occasional large drops, riitha ; to rain in a thick stream, riithalala, du tlalala; to hold up between the showers, gagamala; to make rain, diha pula; to ab stain from pie king, etc., after rain, ilela loiiiila. RAINBOW, A, Mola godimo; motshe oa godimo ; motshe oa badimo, Int. R.uN-liAKEil, A. Moriika.; mo rwaka ; modihi pula ; rainmaker' hearth or fire, se beseco, sebeaho. UA!NY SEASON, THE. Lotlhabula. 'fo raise, or lift up, choletsa, nanola; to raise by putting hands, etc., under, mauolola; to mise or lift up, as a mole earth, or a man a heavy thing on to his shoulder, runy:t; to raise, or cause to Rtand, emisa ; to raise anything that is stretched out on the ground, namolola ; to raise oneself from lying on the ground, ikanamolola ; to raise up a sick person, elola ; to mise oneself up, as wl>en re coveringfrom sickness, inanola; to raise oneself up, or stretch up on tiptoe, gwalala ; to raise an arm as if about to strike, elm ; to raise the head, or raise oneself up from a stooping posture with back bent, ina mologa ; to mise ot person up by lifting, or helping him to rise, ; to raise up from the dead, cosamo loshuii; to raise the head after bending the neck, iibamologa. RAISINS. Ditlhetlhwatsa mofina. HAKE, A. Harak (hybrid). 1'o rake together, kokola, gogoba. RAM, A. Pheleu; phelehu. A goat ram, phiikii ; to ram in with a stiek, shwatlhela; to ram in soil round a pole, to make it fast, setlela. RAMIFY, TO. Rarana. RANDOM. A random speaker, motladiki. RANGE. A mountain range, leriipii. RANSOli, A. Thekololii ; sere kolodi; serekololii. 'l'o ransom, rekolola. RAP. To rap once at a door, khwanya, konya, kgwanya; to

    PAGE 178

    176 rap again and again, khwanya khwanya, kgwanyakgwanya, konyakonya. RAPE. See RAVISH. RAPID. See QUICK. RASCAL, A. Moliitsana. RASH. A rash on children, mokwane ; an itching rash, moch wa ; to break out in a rash, shwatoga; to come out thickly as a rash, tsitsipologa; to be rash, or precipitate in speech, phonmela; a rash m hasty person, mophoumedi ; to be rash in speech, or action, khakhabuela, kgakgabuela; ,. rash, or venturesome person, moipolai eo o sa lelelweii. RASHNESS. Khakh!Lbuegii; kga kgabuCgO. RASP, ro. Gotlha. R ..r. A rat found near water, lebodi; a yellowish rat found among stones, lekiite. RuE, TO. Buela. At any rate, gogwagiina., A. Tlhiima.misho. HATIFY, 'fO. Tlhiimamisa., RA1TLE. To rattle, as planks knocking together, tuduka.na ; to rattle, as sticks thrown down, tlharakana.. RA YE, TO. Pbokelela. RWEN, A. Mohukubu; lehu kubu. RAVENING WOLVES. Dipbiri tse di tlhiiahalelaii go ya. RAVING, A. Phokelelii. RAvisH, 1o. Gatelela.; kaka; hen.,ya. RAY, A. :Mara.ii.. RAZOR, A. Logare. REACH. To reach to, chwara; to reach a thing down, lesholo la; toreacb,orarriveat, hitlha; it has reached this land, se hitlhile mo lehatshiii yeno ; he reached him, a hitlba mo go ena, a hitlha kwa go ena. READ, '. Bala.. READER. Mmadi. Readers, babadi. RE.\DINESS. Iketleco. READY. See PREPARE. REAL. To be real, or lasting, tlhiimama. REALITY. Bomannete. Inreality, tiita. ll.EALLY. Truly, rure; really! gone! To reap by cutting, sega; to reap by breaking off, riiba. REAI'ER, A. Morobi. ltEAit. To rear as a horse, kwela; to rear, or bring up, godisa. REASON. To reason, or debate in the mind, akanya; he reasoned with them, o la a. hetolana nabii ; we have 1eason to hope, re na le kaha re ka sholohehtii ka giiua ; by reason of that, ka ntlha ea mouii ; to lose one's reason, go tsenwa, go tlhakana tlhiigo ; to have the reason restored, go rara bologelwa. or conceivable, gopolesega. REASONING, A. Akanyo; seaka nyo; kakanyo. A device, leano. RE llEL, A. Mocuolodi. To re bel, cnolola; to rebel against, cuo lolela, tenega go ; they have rebelled against him, ha mo cuololetse, ha teuegetse go ena. ll.EIIELLION, A. Cuololii. HE BOUND, A. Mouyao; to re bound, nyaoga. REIIUKE, '1'0. Buela; buisa. To scold, omanya ; kgalemela. REBUT, To. Husholosa. RECEIVE, TO. Chola; amogela. I have received it, ke se chotse, ke se amogetse; those who re ceive blessings with them, ha ha cholanaii matshegii nabo ; to receive with open arms, or with the of hands spread out, atlarela; to receive with the palms of hands spread out, legelela, lagalela. RECEIVING, A, Ka.mogelii. RECENTLY. Maliiba.. RECEPTACLE, A, Secholii; seelii.

    PAGE 179

    RECEPTION, A, Kamoghlo. RECESS, A. N onti. RECKLESS, TO BE. ltlhoa. RECKON. To count, bala; to think, itlboma; it may be reckoned at, go kana. ka.; it moty be, go ka nna. RECKONING, A. Polo. RECLINE. 'l'o lean back, i\{aega ; to recline on the side and elbow, rapama. RECOGNISE. To recognise him by certain distinguishing marks, or characteristics, go mo itse dielc ; he is unable to recognise one whom he has seen before, o na le matlhii a bori. RECOLLECT. See ltECOlll'ENSE, To. Duela; lehetsa; a recompense, tuclii, tebo gii. R):<;ONCILE, TO. Letlanya; letla. ro be reconciled to him, go letlanya nae ; to reconcile, or make peace between, agisanya; to reconcile man to God, go ugisanya motho le Modimo; reconciled, letlancwe ; be re conciled to your brother, u letlane le mokaulei1we oa gago. RECONCILIA"riON. Tetlanii. RECORD. To tell, bolela; to mention a name, umolta. RECOUN"f, TO. Kakanya. RECOVER. recover from sick ness, hiila; to be able to sit up and recline, ikaega ; he is re covering, o botoka. RECTIFY. To molte straight, siamisa ; to rectify bad worl{, halolola ; to rectify a mistolten act, kgopolola. RED. Khwibidu; hhwibidu; hibidu; khibidu; khubidu; bobibidu; hubidu. To be red, hubela; it is red, se hubitse ; ve1-y red, or red -hot, teku ; red (of an ox, or horse), khunou; red (of a. cow), khunwa.na; red (ofskyatsunset), mahube; the sky i& red, legodtmo le mahube; a reu horse, pitse e khunou ; a red cord, thapii e e khibidu. REDEEM, TO. Rekolola. REDEMPTION. Thekololo. REDNESS. Bohwibidu; bohibidu. U.EDUCE. To reduce by taking out, hokotsa. REED, A. LoUhaka. Heeds, ditlhaka; the root of a reed, kgopu ; a joint in a reed, senya; a portion of reed between the joints, nokwane ; the leaf of a reed, mogwaii; stubble of reeds after cutting, serine ; a bruised, or broken 1eed, lotlhaka lo lo phitsegileii ; a cracked reed, lotlhaka lo lo hatogileii ; sweet reed, nch, nyoba, iioba, iiwaba; rind of sweet reed, lomeku ; pl. dimeku; to chew sweet reed, cotlha. REEL, To. Theekela. REFEit ro, TO. Bua kaga. U.EFLEC"l". 'l'o observe, lemoga; to consider, tsaatsia. REFOitM,TO. becomeclmnged, hetoga ; to turn the course of, simega ; beat him and reform him, u mmetsC, u mo simCgC. REUOitl!A"l"ION, A, Phetogii. R):FRESH. To cause to rest, lapolosa.; to minister to, phu musetsa, thelesetsa. REFUGE, A. Botshabelii ; boi chubelii. REFUSE. A cast.away thing, selatlhii. See RuBBISH. 'l'o refuse, gana ; to refuse an offered thing because it is not such as one wished for, galala ; to refuse to listen, and take one's own course, gwalala; to refuse to believe, or do, iia.loga; to refuse to allow, or hinder, itsa; to refuse to accept, cwitla ; to refuse through dissatisfac tion, imla ; to refuse to help one in distress, iiona pelo; to refuse to do something when told, shiiniilcga, nyokiiliiga; the calf refuses to drink the milk, nama.ne ea kgaba. mashi ; Ill

    PAGE 180

    178 to refuse to sell or to give that which one afterwa.rdij disposes of to another, rontsa. ; they refused to speak .to him, bale ba., mo khutlogela. hela.; they refused to give him land, or they forbade him laud, bale ba. mo itsa. leha.tshe ; they refuse to have him, ba. mo gaua. ; they refuse to give him, ba. ga.ua. ka. ena ; he refused to speak, a. :iia.la. g& bua.; to refuse to examine a question, khutlogela. pocii. REGARD. To look upon, leba; to regard as, ka.ea. ; I regard myself as a. chief, ke ika.ea. ke le kgosi; in regard to this, I 'don't know, hofi ga ke itse; they regard him as a. prophet, ba mo ka.ea ha e le moperofeti ; to take notice of, tlhiikiimela.; have a. kindly regard for, iiiika; have a regard for each other, :iiiika.na. REGARDS. As regards, ka.ga. REGENERATION. Go tsa.hva. se sha. REGIMEYT, A. Mopba.tii. To call out a regiment, phutha mopha.tii. REGION, A. Leha.tshe. REGRET, TO. Ikwa.tlha.ea.. REGULAR. He was our regular helper, e tie e le ena mothusi oa rona. REGULAULY. Ka. gale; ka ma latsi aotlbe. REHEARSE, TO. Tlba.tlologa.nya. mahoko. REIGN, TO. Busa. To reign over, busa. ; a reign, or reign ing, pusbii. REINS, THE. Dipilii. Reins of a. horse, dikgiile tsa tom. REITERA'I.'E, TO. Touta.. REJECT. 'l'o push away, kgoro metsa.. REJOICE, To. Itumela. ; ipela.. To rejoice for, or over, itume lela, ipelela; to cease to rejoice, itumologa. RELAPSE. To relapse into sin, tenega. ; to have a. relapse in sickness, tlhabologa; a relapse, or falling away, tenegii ; a re lapse in sickness, tlhabologii. RELATE, '1.'0. Kakanya; bolela. To relate to, kaka.nyetsa., bolelela.. RELA'fiON. A relative, tsa.la ea madi; what relation is this person to this ? motho eo oa re a mmiina, a refi P motho eo a refi a biina. motho eo P RELEASE. To unbind, or set free, golola ; to release a ser vant, rebola; to release one in difficulty by helping him, ela.mela.; a. release, kgololii, kgolo gololii; to release oneself, ikgolola. REr.EN'r. To feel sorry, ikwa tlhaea.; to become changed, hetoga.. RELIEF. Help, thushii; deliver ance, kgololii. RELIEVE. To help, tbusa. ; to deliver, golola. RELUCTAN'I'LY. Ka boitsemeleco. RELY. To rely upon, ikanya, kgantsha. REliAIN, TO. Nna. To remain behind, sala; to cause to re main, sadisa; to remain, or tarry for a time, time being specified, tlhola; to remain, or tarry, for a. long time, dika.. REMAINING. One remaining living, out of a number, mosa le, lesalela.; a few remaining, bomosa.le, masalela; the re maining doctors, difiaka. tsa ma.salela ; a few remaining, after the majority have left, makunantsha.ne. REMAND. He remanded my case, 0 la. a. re ke nnelc. REMARK, A. Lehoko. A. pur poseless remark, kgwereano. REMEDY, A. Phodisho. REMEMBEU, TO. lkgakolola gakologelwa. To puzzle, o; make it difficult to remember,

    PAGE 181

    179 gaka; to remember things well, or have a good memory, t\lu>kii ; ho remembers words well, o tlhOkii mo mahokufi. REl!EMBltANCE. Kgopodisho. To call to remembrance, ikgakolola. REMIND, TO. Gopodisa; gopotsa; gakolola. 'l'o be reminded, gakologelwa; I am reminded, ke gakologecwe. REl!NANT. Of people, mastgogii. REL'AIR, To. Mamatlclela. To repair by darning, tlhama. ganyi.L. REPAY, To. Leha; duela. How shllOOF. To listen humbly to reproof, kotsialala., kgwatialaln,. REPUGNANCE. 'l'o have.arepugnance to, ila. R"I'UGNAN"r. 'l'o become repugnant to, ilega. ltEPU"l'A"I'ION, A. Leina. REQ,UES'r, A. Tiipo. To request, liipa. REscuE, TO. Golola; halodisa. 'l'o rescue from difficulties, amola. REsEII!IlLANCE. A resemblance offeature, etc., tcbagaii, tcbaii, tcbagan< ; a .resembhtnco of colour, nmlebagn..i1.

    PAGE 182

    180 RESEMBLE. To resemble, or be alike, chwana.. RESERVE, TO. Sia. To reset"Ve for, siela; to keep in reserve, sia; to reserve for oneself, itsa disetsa. RESIDE, TO. Aga; nna. RESIDENCE, A. Bonno ; boago. To change one's residence, huduga; to change one's resi dence often, tlobatloba. RESIDUE. See REMNANT. RESIS1', TO. Ganetsa; kgnrn. metsa ; ganela le. RESOLVE, A. Boikaelclo; boi t.lhiimi". To resolve, ikaelC!a, itlhom11. RESOLUTION. See RESOUND. Sec RESPECT. have respect of persons, tlhaola batho ; to show respect to, by putting on tbe best clothes, kgabela ; to re. spect people, sisimoga. batho ; in one respect, mo ntlheii iiwe. RESPECTFULLY, Totreatrespect. fully, sisimoga. RESPONSIBILITY. To go on one's own responsibility, inanola. REsT. Boikhuco ; tapolosho ; tapologii ; the rest, tse diiiwe, ha baiiwe ; to rest oneself, ikhutsa.; itapolJ>ea ; to take it easy, iketla ; ineneketsa; to take rest from war, iketla mo tlhabanoii ; to take breath, hupologa ; to be at rest, ncga.; the heart is at rest, go nega pelo, pelo e negile; to rest, as cattle after feeding, botha ; to rest or shelter, kwaea; to rest for a while from work, homo la; to rest or sit down for a while when there is nothing doing, itnlela; to rest for a while, as foot-travellers on a journey, riiba maoto; to cause to rest, ; to rest or lean back, mega. RESTED, TO BECOME, Lapologa, RESTINGPLACE, TO LEAVE A, Bothonoga, RESTLESS. To toss about, bidi. kama; to move one's sleeping place often, tlhaba makgotla; to go from house to house, ko bakoba. RESTORATION '1'0 LIFE. Thu disM. RESTORATIVES. Dilo tse di ru disaii.. RESTORE. To give back, rebola; to restore to life, rudisa ; to cause to return, busetsa. RESTRAIN, TO. Thiba; kganela. To restrain oneself, ithiba, ichOka, ikheha ; to restrain oneself from evil, ithiba mo boshuleii; to restrain oneself from answering, iiona; to re stmin speech, kanya puo; to restrain, or force back, kgapha; to restrain, or hold back, eola ; to restmin or pull back, kgotha; to be restrained or forced back, kgapbcga. RESTRAIN1.'. Self-restraint, ithi. bii, boithi bo. RESULT. A result, or outcome, boheleiO. RESURREC'l'ION, A. Cogii. RESUSCITATE, TO. Cosholosa ; tlhabolola. RETCH, 1'0. Giilolega. RETINUE, A. Leshomo; mopbato. RETIRE. To retire to a distance, katoga ; to retire to a distance from, katogela; to retire mu tually, katogana ; they retired to a distance from the moun tain, ba. le ba. ka.togela lencwe ka kga.kala. RETREAT, TO. Tsbaba. RETURN, TO. Boea; boa. To return to, boela. kwa ; to cause to return, bnsa., bosa; to return from, boea. mo ; his return, go boea. ga. gagwe ; to return home, boela. gae ; to return, or turn back, rulara, hulara. ; he has returned, o hulere ; to re turn, or turn back from, hulam mo ; to return whence one came, reologa ; to return, or

    PAGE 183

    181 pay back, rebola.; to return, disappointed, having failed in one's object, shanshanyega; to return again and again, boa bo1ila; when I returned thence, e rile ke boea koii ; to return quickly, as from a good distance in a day, bol!lela. ; to return soon, or without going all the way, geloga. REVEAL, TO. Sinosa ; senola.. To reveal to, senolela. REVELATION, A. Tshinosho ; tshenolo. REVELRY. Tlhapi!lo. REVENGE. See AVENGE. REVENUE. MakgethO. REVERBERATE, TO, Duma. REVERE, TO. Sisimoga REVERENCE. Tshisimogo; bo nolo yoa pelo. To reverence, or regard, sisimoga.. REVERENT. That they be reve rent, gore ba nne tshisimogo. REVERSE. To turn upside down, phecola ; to turn inside out, tlhanola.; to turn a thing round, dikolosa ; to suffer a reverse of fortune, goberega; to become reversed, phecoga, tlhanoga. REVILE, TO. Kga.la.; gobolola.. REVIVE, TO. Rulwa. To cause to revive, rudisa; to revive after fainting, or being stunned, tsitsiboga.; to revive or renew, cosholosa. REVOL'l', TO. Tenega; cuolola.. They will revolt from his authority, ba tla tenega no taoloii ea gagwe, ba tla. mo cuololela.. REVOLUTION, A rebellion, CUOlolo; a revolving, tikologo. REVOLVE, ro. Dikologa. To cause to revolve, dikolosa. REVOLVING, A. Tikologo. REWARD, A, Tuelo; tehishO. Wages, maduo; to rewlll'd, dueta. REWARDER, A. Moduedi. RHEIM, A. Kgole. A longrheim for tying a pack-ox ,load, moya; a smallrheim, kgiiyana; a shrivelled-up rheim, loiiai1ape ; a rheim for fastening a cow's legs when milking, kao. RHEUMATISM. A kind of rheu matism of the joints in cold weather, tsegatsetsa. RHINOCERos, A. Chukudu. A short-horned rhinoceros, ke nenyane, bodile; a large, long horned rhinoceros, mogohu; a large, very long-horned rhino ceros, koba.Oba, kgetlwa. Rm, A. Logopii. Ribs, dikgopii ; the small rib, logopo loa gohela.. RICH, To be rich, or rich in, huma; he is rich, o humile: to make rich, humisa. ; a ric h person, mohumi ; to be very rich, humolotsega; one who is abundantly supplied, letleke ; he is rich in cattle, o humile dikgomo ; he is rich in good works, o tletse ditihii tse di molemo. RICHES. Khumii ; lohumii; ma humii ; to be steeped in riches, humolotsega. RID, To get rid of, or take away, tlosa. RIDDLE, A. Nywaha ; nyiiba. A puzzle, lelepa; to propound a riddle, shwabisa nywaba ; to guess at a riddle, shwaba nywaba; to resolve a riddle, tlhaba nywaba; to resolve a puzzle, kgololola. lelepa ; to riddle with holes, kgautla. RIDE. To ride, or mount, pala ma, paga.ma; where will you 1-ide to P u tla palamela. kae P RIDER, A. Mopalami; mopaga mi. RIDGE, A. Lekhubu. A long ridge, kwelekwele ; a little ridge, lekhuyo.ila. RIDGES. To be drawn np in ridges, or humps, kweletlana. RIDICULE. Chotlii. 'l'o ridicule, shotla. ; to ridicule him, go shotla ka ena.

    PAGE 184

    RIFLE. A breech-loa.ding rifle, tlhobolo ea agterelai (hy brid). RIGHT. Tshiamo ; cbwanelo. To be right, siama; it is right, go siame ; it is not right, ga goa siama, glt go siame ; right things, di],-, tse di shtmeii ; things which ltre not 1ight, dilO tse di sa shunn.fi, magwe letlha; it wlts not right of you, e le e se cbwanclii ea gago; to inalre right, siamim ; that' 8 right, or that is so, ke gona ; a right hand, atla se se siameii, atla se se yaii, atla se segolo; to set right, or rectify, kgopo lola; to set right, as bad work, etc., halolola ; a l'ight.-hand man, moka.disiwane. RIGHl'Eous, TO BE. Siama. A righteous man, mosiami. RIGHTEOUSNESS. 'l'shiamii. RIGID, TO. BE. Paralala; papa lala, To make l'igid, paralatsa, papalatsa. Rm. A rim of a cup, etc., losi .. RIN'D. A piece of rind, lekape ; rind of sweet-reed, lomeku, dimeku. RING. 'l'o ring a bell, letsa tshipi; to ring, or tinkie, as a coin, tsirima; a ring, tilwane, rinke (hybrid) ; an ear-ring, lenyena ; a plain iron wrist ring, mohitshana, mhitshana; a thick ring of beads, or metal, 1woven on cord, tilwane, same cane ; a ring for below the knee, or on the arm, leseka, patika; an ankle ring, of bark, seoti; to put on a ring, rwala; to take off a ring, to put a ring on another person, rwesa; 11. ring sew,n into a .. as a,n ornament, leitlho; to cut a ring, or l'Onud hole, .fQr a patch; dibola. R.rNSE. To rinse out a vessel, cokotsa; to rinse out one' 8 mouth, icukula, icuknnya. RIOT. A riot, or uproar, tlhapeo; 182 to riot, tlhapea ; 1iot, or re velry, tlhapelii. RIP, l'O. Gagola. RIPE. To become ripe, bucwa ; it is ripe, se budule; those which are not ripe, tse di .sa bncwufi ; fruit beginning to ripen, legoto, bogoto ; fruit Jlearly ripe, lekge!e, bogele gcle ; fruit first to ripen, podiB>L; we are eating the firot ripe fl'Dit, re ya mauii wii a podisa; to become ripe, and ready to open, as a boil, tutela ; it is ripe, e tutetse boladu ; to cause to be. ripe, tutetsa,. budusa ; 1-ipe (of _pus), botute.; the pus is ripe, boladu bo botute ; the pus is uot ripe, boladn bo lore _me. J,trsE: To rise, coga, tloga; the wind will rise, phehii e tla coga; to rise against, cogela ; He has risen from the dead, o cogile mo loshuii; to rise, as bread, etc., gogomoga, boho moga; to rise to the surface, as a fish, etc., biloga ; to rise, as food boiling, kokomoga; to rise above the horizon, as .clouds, kukumologa, klvetoga, kwetega; to rise,. or appear above the surface, kukunya; to assist a sick person to rise, ka.lm.tlolola ; to rise up from a stooping posture, inamologa ; to rise up from lying on the belly, namologa; to l'ise from a crouching or sitting posture, tlomoga; to rise from a sitting posture, nanoga, coga; to rise from lying on the. back, namo loga, kauamologa, ikanamolola; to rise from kneeling, or stoop ing_ forward on the knees, khuhuloga ; to rise above the skin, as proud flesh, betologa ; rise, or swell, as a full river, popomala; to rise up in a cloud, as locusts, kuuloga; to rise, as smoke, or dust, kuha; to rise (of the sun), tlhaba.

    PAGE 185

    183 RISING, A. Cogii. RITE. Heathen rite for girls, boyale ; rite for boys, see Cm. CUJIICISION. RIVAL, A. Mogadikani. 'l'o rival or annoy, gadika; to rival each other, gadikana. RIVE!l. A large river, noka; a small river, molapii ; a small side stream in a river, paposane; space between the banks of a river, mola; river bed, where the water has retreated, lo tshitshi ; brink, or shore of a river, ntshi; the under-bank of a river, mosikii ; land jutting into a river at a bend, seodi; something in sight on the other side of a river, kgalalapii; to ford a river, tshela; to over How, as a river, chaama; to become full and spread out, as a river, penologa; to become full often, rwalelesega. RIVULET, A. Molacana; mola cwana. RoAD, A. Tsela. A roa!l in a town, mmila, lobila. RoAN (of an ox), kwebu; roan (of a cow), kiicwana. RoAll, TO. Duma ; haologa. To roar lou!lly, karetla; a loud roar, logan. RoAsT, TO. Besa. To roast coffee, etc., gadika; to roast with a large fire, shua. RoB, To. U cwa ; gapa; thukhutha; to rob, or deprive of, tlhakola; he has been robbed of his goods, o gapecwe dithoto tsa gagwc. RoBBE!l. See THIEF. RocK, A. Lehika. A cliff, logaga ; a white rock, leshala; a fiat stone, or rock, letlapa; a little rock, or hill, lokgabana ; an unclimbable rock, or cliff, sepatii ; a difficult place in a rock, lomonokii. RocK-PIGEON, A. Letseba; leeha; leebarope. RocKY PLACE, A. Lokgaba. RoD, A. Thupa ; mpa. ROGUE, A. Molotsana. RoLL, TO. Hidika. ro roll to, hidikela ; to roll back, hidiko lola; to roll over and over in sickness, phethakgana, bidi kama, ipidikanya; to roll into a ball, gololra ; to roll, smear ing smooth with a stone, ritela boliikii ; to roll from side to side, or stagger, theekela; to roll, or fold up, mena; to roll, as a horse, ipidikanya ; to roll a thing along the ground, ko kolosa; to roll over, or turn over, as a log, pitika; a roll, or anything rolle!l up tightly, potokwe. RooF. Rafters, ditlhomeshii ; thatch, dirulclii; to put a roof on, tlhomesa; to break up a roof, rutla, rutlolola; a fiat roof, setlhaba; roof of a ver an!lah, where things can be hung and kept, masenamelii; to put grass on a roof tem porarily, akametsa; to thatch a roof, rulela; the roof o a mouth, legalapa, magalapa. RooK, A. Mohukubu; lehukubu. Rami, A. Kunyane; mocucu, Int.; kamor (hybrid). Room, or .place, bonno ; room, or stan!ling place, boemii ; room, or sitting place, bodulii ; in the room of, or in place of, mo boemoi1 yoa. RoosT, TO. Riibala. RoOT, A. Mocwe ; modi. A projecting root, see S-rul!P ; the extreme end of a root, tiintiilii; the root of a reed, kgopu ; root of quick gmss, motlhwa; an edible root, se gwete, segwere, tharua, mosedi; to take root, .or spread, nama mecwe ; to spring up, as a root, mela; root used in making khadi, seretse. Roo'l' Ul'. To root up a plant, tlhomolola, tlhomola; to root up a tree, khumola ; to root

    PAGE 186

    184 up, or thin out, mumula ; to root up, a.s a pig, khitla; to root up with a spade, khitla. RoPE, A. Kgiile ; tbapii. RoTrEN. See PUl'RID. To be come rotten, as wood eaten by insects, tlhwaega. RouGH. Magwata. Rough on the edge, or notched, ma kekete ; rough, as a person's hair, tlbatlhabala; I"ough, as a dog' a hair, tlhonya. RoUND. Round, as a circle, sedikadiki, sedikwadikwi ; a round thing, or ball, kgolokwe, kolokwe; it is round (of a rod), e potokwe; to make a thing round, or form it into a ball, goloka ; to go round an object, potologa, dika, piita; to go round and round, or revolve, dikologa; to go round a corner, ichoketsa; to go round about, or make a circuit, copodiega, potologa, ichoketsa; round about, tikologii, tikologoii. ; round about the camp, tikologii ea botlhaolelii, tikologoii. ea bo tlhaolelii ; to cut round a hide, dikolola; the wall which is round tl1e town, lorakii lo lo potologileii. motse ; a place to go round by, bodikologii, boi chokeco. RoUNDED. The rounded part of a garden or krall hedge, le shompu. ROUNDNESS. Bokgolokwe. RousE, TO. Cosa; kUI-usa. To rouse or irritate, hepa; to rouse up a lazy person, or rouse a fainting person, by throwing water on him, tsitsibosa ; to be come roused up thus, tsitsiboga., tsiboga. Row. stand, or be in a row, as fingers, or soldiers, iphapha ; to go in a row, or in single file, bope!ela ; a row, one following another, pope!e!ii; a division between two rows, motsila; a noisy row, or quarrel, komaii.. RoYAL. A royal law, molaii oa segosi. ROYALTY. Ba bogosi. Run. rub with pressure, as in anointing the sick, sedila; to rub with fat, tshasa; to rub in, as salt in meat, tshasa. ; to rub another when itching, shutlha; to rub oneself when itching, ichutlha; to rub the hands together, gotlhanya dia.tla.; to rub or file down, gotlha; to I"Ub so as to polish, gotlha. ; to rub in the palms of hands, as corn, etc., shiishiiro.; to rub skins with a stone, etc., when braying, chela, ii.waela, tlhotlha; to rub two things together, gotlhanyo.; to rub or press one's side or chest with an elbow, gotlhetsa, segitletsa.; to rub medicine on face, wall, etc., ro.ea, phekola; to rub skins or rheims between the hands when braying, kgopha ; to rub with palm of hand, or sole of foot, gotlhetsa ; to rub between palms of hands, as in striking a light, hetlha.; to rub off or be rubbed off, as paint, kgoboga; to be rubbed off, or fall oft', as a scab, kgoboga ; to rub or crush in the hand or under the foot, gehitlhanya, higitlhanya ; to 1-nb off, or pull off a scab, ronkga; to rub against a sore place, and hurt, ronkga; to rub off, or wipe off liquid, phimola ; to rub with a finger, as a sore eye, or vermin on a skin, bitla; to rub, or brush off dust, hohora, shutlha; to rub or wipe perpiration oft' oneself, iphimola, ichutlha.; to 1-ub between the lmuckles, as in washing clothes, shogotlha ; to rub oneself, as an ox against a chain, ikgotlha; to rub a skin or rheim between the hands with a revolving movement, potC!a; to rub the body with moshwaii, as a doctor, horola ;

    PAGE 187

    185 to rub one's hands aud face with milk, in order to remove dirt, iphiiriila; to rub one's face witUat to make it shine, iphotlha. RuBBISH. Sweepings, mabebe, malele ; large-sized sweepings, matlakala; foul rubbish, ma tladika ; rubbish floating on water, or left by flood, kgogodi; to remove rubbish, gopa; something to remove rubbish with, segopii; a rubbish heap, thuthubudu. RuDDER, A. Lomatsanyana. RUDDY. 'l'eku. RUDIUEN'l'S. Ditlhaka tsa thutii. RUIN, '1'0, Senya; to ruin, or as a swarm of locusts, gobera ; a ruined house, recent parts still standing, letliitla ; a ruined house, or debris, nothing standing, leshope; site of an old house, leshope. RuLE. To command, laola; to reign over, busa ; to rule a straight line, rala. RuLER, A. Mola.odi; molaodisiwi. RuLING POWER, A. Mmushii. RUMBLE, TO. Duma. To rumble, as bowels, kurutla. RUMINATE. To chew the cud, iitla ; to meditate, gopola. RUMOUR, A. Modumii. RuN, ro. Sia. To run together in a race, siana ; they have run, ba siile ; they have run a race, ba sianye; to run away, taboga; to run away, as a 1vild ox, paratlela; to run away, or abscond, ii wega ; to rnn pranc ingly, matla; to run as, with a burden, tenta; to run slowly, tsitsiela, khikhia; to run in a clumsy fashion, as a loose jointed person, tlabatlaba ; to run about hither and thither, as calves at play, kalakatlega, ralotsa, raloka; to run about, as a dog on a scent, sesela ; to run about, as wild oxen, golora ; to :run 11.bout, or move about, as an excited crowd, gobea, kgobea; to run with elbows drawn in and body swaying, tlhi\tlha, tinta ; to run fast, and soon disappear, hadima; to run with all the might, ragoga, nanoga ; to run about, as an animal shut up in a kraal, kga ratlha; to run, or trot, khoba khoba; to run, or canter, khwanya; run, or gallop, kwaraganya, paraganya ; to run or gallop, as a wildebeest, iiaroa, tlharoa; to cause to run fast, or drive away fast, gopisa ; to run, as a large bird, kokotla; to l'un, as an ostrich, making a noise, like eo eo, copa; to run, or rush (of many people), thuba; they run, or rush, to it, ba se thubela ; to run a person .to death, bolaisa motho seche, bolaisa motho sechane, bolaisa motho ka se. chane ; to run round a bird, making a whistling noise, in order to detain and kill it, cua ; to run, as water, ela, elela; to rise up and run over, as boiling 1vater, hohoma; to run, or trickle, as sand into a hole, or grain from a torn sack, hiiriisela; to run out slowly (of liquid), minologa. RUNNER, A. Motabogi; mosii. He is a fast runner, o na le lobe lii, o na le machobane ; a run ner of a creeping plant, monamO. RuNNING. To cease running, as blood,. kgala ; running power, lobelii. RusH. A common, round rush, mokhasi ; a rush mat, moseme ; a grooved rush, with tuft, mose me ; a kind of weak rush, mo phutlu; a thin rush, used for making boyale girls' bands, tlhatlha; to rush out to, chologela; to rush upon, or attack, phagela, chiichiimi\la, pha gelela, thubCia, tlhasC!a, tshc

    PAGE 188

    186 legela, gasegela; to rush with oue accord, thubegi\la mmogii ; to rush down, kgokologcla; to rush out in a crowd, gorome!a ; to rush through, or force a passage, shwaila. RusHING. 'fo make a rushing noise, as a storm of wind, cu butla. UusT morodi ; mmodu. Rust in corn, phori ; to rust, or be come rusty or tamished, kgona; it is rusty, se ye! we ke morodi. Rus-rr.E, TO. Gwasa, shuma. Rusn. See Rus1. Uu-r. A rut in a roau, logagu; ruts, uikgagu. B. SABIIATH, A. Sabata (hyb!'id). SACK. See BAG. SACKCLOTH. Cloth, kg,ti, khai; rags, dikatana. SACRED. 'l'o keep sacred certain days, as after new moon, etc., ilela; it is sacred to their god, e ilelwa modimo oa bona; they regard it as sacred to their god, ba e ilela modimo oa biina. SACitiFICE, A. Chupeio; tlha belo. To sacrifice, or slaughter for, tlhabela; to sacrifice at the grave of an ancestor, thebola; a sacrifice at the grare of an cestors, thebolii. SAD. A sad heart, pelo e bo tlhoko ; a sad life, botshelo yoa bohutsana ; to be sad, tlhoko hala; to make sad, tlhoko hatsa ; it is sad, go botlhoko ; to make oneself of a sad coun tenance, itlhontsha sehatlhiigii. SADDI.E, A. Saal (hybrid). A saddle cloth, kgai ea sebeelelii; saddle-backed (of a horse), se mene ; they saddle me with the work, ha nchwarisa tiho. SADNESS. Bohutsana; botlhoko. SAFE. To become safe, bolokega; to be safe from, bolokl\"a mo. SAFETY. Poloko. SAGE. Wild sage plant, semonamone. SAID. I said, ke le ka re ; I said to them, ke le ka ba raea ka re ; what is said P go twa eii ? go hveii ? as it is said, ka go twe; while it is still said, ka go sa ntse go twe ; it can be said, go ka twa ; it was said, go tua, ga twa, go twile, go tu! we. SAINl', A. Moitshepi. SAKE. For my sake, ka ntlha ea me, lraga me ; for the sake of, ka ntlha ea. SALAD. A kind of herb used as salad, thepe. SALARY, A, Tue)o, SALIVA. Mathe. To cause saliva, itokotsa. SAr.T. Lecwai. A salt pan, letsba ya lecwai ; salt water, metse a a lecwai ; to llavour with salt, cwaisa, loka ; to put salt into one's mouth, itoka. S.uUTA'l'ION, A. Tumedisho. SALUTE, ro. Dumedisa. SALVATION. Polokii; poloka. SALVE. 'l'sasho. Eye salve of hard fat, chola.. SAl!E. It is all the same, goii we hela; they are the same, or similar, di chwana hela; it is just the same, go chwana hela; these things are still the same, dilo tse e sale cona ; the same thing, selii se le seiiwe bela.; with the same stick, ka thupa. e iiwe hela.. SANCTIFIED, TO BE. Tshepega. SANCTIFY, TO. Tsbepisa; itshe pisa. SAND. Mbu. Uiver sand, mo shawa ; desert sand, mouputsa. SANDAL, A. Setlha.kii. The un brayed thong of a sandal, molepa ; the upper thong of a. sandal, kgiile ; to put thong into a sandal, kgoka ; a crack

    PAGE 189

    187 made under a toe by a sandal, sebabela; furrow or crack in a heel made by a sandal, leiia. SANDY SOIL. Red soil, mbu; light-coloured, mouputsa ; sandy, or gravelly soil, mosha gopa ; a sandy hill, or slope, lerotobolo. SAP. Macwecwenii. To send up sap, cwecwona. SARCASTIC. To speak sarcasti cally, fiiifiiila. SATCHEL. See BAG. SATIATE, ro. Kgorisa. SA'l'IA'I'ED, TO BE. Kgora ; gorogcla. I am satiated, ke kgo tshe. SATISFAC'l'ION. Natehii. SA'riS}'IED. ro be satisfied when eating, kgora; to be satisfied with, kgora; to satisfy, kgorisa; I am satisfied, ke kgotshe ; to be satisfied, or contented, thetebala.; to satisfy, or makA content, thetebatsa; a satisfied person, motho eo o thethebetsefi. SATISFY. See SATISFIED. SATURA'l'E, ro. Kolobetsa. To saturate, or wet through, as rain, tliipiitla. SATURATED. Matlaputlapu ; manyemunvemu; maliibiiliibii; manyerenycre. It is saturated, se kolobile. SA'l'URDAY. Matlhacwa. SAUCEPAN, A. Pitsanyana. SAUCER, A. Phirin (hybrid). SAVAGE. Bogale. SAvE, To. Boloka. To save from, boloka mo; to save frotn danger or death, tshitsha ; to save or spare, rekegela ; to save each other, bolokana. SAVED, 1'0 BECOME. Bolokega. The saved, babolokwi; babolo kwa. SAVIOIJR, A. Mmolold. Our Saviour, Moreboloki. SAVOUR. See FLAVOUR. SAw, A. Sag (hybrid). To cut with a Sltl\'1 sct!ba ; to saw asunder, setlhaganya; I saw, ke le ka biina. SAY, TO. Raea. To say to, raea; to speak, bua; I say, ka re, kea re ; he has said, o reile ; what do you say ? ua refi? who says so? go baa yalo man ? to say to each other, raana; S3Y t.hns, lo re Jana, lo yalo, lo ri:ma, lo rialo. SAYING. By saying, ka go re; we can ask, saying, re ka bota re re; it is he of whom it is written, saying, kc ena eo go kwadilwei1 kaga ga.gwe, go twe. ScAn, A. Logogii. Scabs, di kgiigii ; to pull off a scab, kgobola; to fall off, as a scab, kgoboga; to l'Ub off, or pull off a scab, ronkga. ScABBY. 'fo become scabby, rokomologa; a scabby disease in sheep and goats, lopalii, sekgwaphii. ScALD, TO. Hisa. To be scalded, sha.; he is scalded, o shele. ScALE, A. Lekape; letlotlobo. ScALES. A pair of scales, sekale (hybrid). ScALLOP. A scallop-on a kaross, lenya ; a scallop cut on two pieces and fitted into each other, lenyeketshane. SCAMP, A. Senokwane; molii tsana. You are a scamp, u moliitsana. SCANDAL, A. Kgopisbii. SCAR, A. Lobadi. Scars, dipadi; very many scars, dipadipadi ; a scar left by cupping, tomega; a scar left by an accidental burn, pala; a scar on the arm, left by a purposed burn, lrgomma. SCARCE, '1'0 BECOME. Tlhiika hala. ScARLET. See RED. SCA'lTER. To scatter actively, phatlalatsa, l1alatsa; to scat ter or become scattered, halala, phatlalala ; the people are scattered, batho ba lmletse ;

    PAGE 190

    188 they are scattered by, ha haladiwa ke, ba phatlaledicwe ke ; they were .. scattered or spread in the land, ba le ba phatlalala. le lebatshe, ba. le ha ha.lala le lehatshe ; to scatter about in all directions, gasaga.sa ; to be scattered, or thrown about in all directions, gasagasega ; to become scattered in all directions, as oxen, gasama; the oxen are scattered, dikgomo di ga.same; to scatter, or become spread about over a wide space, phantla.. ScENT. See SMELL. To follow a. scent, a.s a dog, dupelela; to scent, a.s a. game its foe, or a. dog its master, dupa. ScHEME, A. Leano. To scheme, loga. maa.no. [twa. SCHOLAR, A. Morutwi; moruSCHOOL, A. Sekole (hybrid). ScissoRs. Logare ; seker (hybrid). ScoFF, TO. Shotla. The scoff of an ox's neck, serota.. SCOFFER, A. Moshotli. ScoLD, To. Buela ; omanya; kgalemeta. To scold each other, oma.na; to scold violent ly, shua.shua; to scold much, or continuously, phogutsega ; to scold with many words, and silence another by scolding, cuaka.nya. ; he scolded the people, and they scolded him, o la a. omano. le batho. SCOLDER, A. Moomani. ScoLDING, A. Koma.nyo. ScooP. To scoop, or hollow ont, gaba.; to become hollowed out, gabega ; to scoop soil out of a. hole, hats.. ScoRcH, TO. Babola. To be scorched, baboga ; it became scorched;( of grain), e le ea. sha.. ScoRN. To despise, nya.tsa.; to ridicule, shot la ; scorn, or con tempt, lonya.cii ; scorn, or ridicule, chotlo ; to purse up the lips in scorn, shwinya. ScoJtPION, A. Phepheii. ScouNDREL, A. Molotsana. You a.re a scoundrel, u boliitsana. ScouR. To scour by rubbing, gotlha.. ScouRGE, A. Senteo. To scourge, seola ; to scourge while lying on the ground, kgwathisa.. SCOURGING, A. Titeo ; kgwa. tisbO. ScowL. To scowl, or scowl at, dilola. SCRAMBLE. To scramble for food, tlba.ko.. SCRAP. See MoRSEL. SCRAPE. To scrape with a. knife, or scrape a. pot, halo. ; to scrape out with a. finger, and lick it, gora; to scrape out, or make hollow by scraping, gaba; to scrape soil out of a hole with a hand, .hats. ; to scrape out with a hook, gonya; to scrape or wipe off with the hand, gelola. ScRAPER. A pot scraper, se gwadi. ScRAPING. A scraping off a hide in braying, tlhono ; scrapings, mahalo. SCRATCH. To scratch another, ii wa.ea., iia.rotsa ; to scratch oneself, iii waea ; to scratch, as a cat, iiapa ; to scratch, a.s a. bad pen, dilahala.; to scratch a hole in the ground, ha.ta. ; to scratch out, as writing with a penknife, halo.; to scratch up on the surface, as a fowl, kbela, hats. ; to scratch, as a thorn, iiapa.; to scratch with the nails, kgwaripa, napa, kga ritsa.; to scratch much, or make deep scratches, kgeleka ; to scratch each other badly, kgeleksna.; a deep scratch, mokgetedi. ScREAM. A loud scream, logan; to scream, gala. ; to scream out, as an angry elephant, ga le la ; to scream out in singing, tseremetsega. ; to scream out

    PAGE 191

    189 loudly, as a.n animal in death, bOkiili'lla; a death scream, of an animal, piikiilelii. ScREEN. A screen, or poke, for the eyes, losire. SCRIBE, A. 1\Iokwadi. Scttotu:u:, A. Leshiitlhii. Used as a curse. ScuD, m. Scsela. ScuM. Foam, loshulii, leshulii ; froth left by water, maphoko. ScuRvY. Sebabi. SEA, A. Lewatla; lewatlc. Shore of the sea, dintshi tsa lewatla. SEAL, A. Sekani\; lochwa(>; sechwaii. 'l'o seal, kaua; I have sealed it, ke se kanne ; to be sealed, kannwa. SEAl!. A seam in a gannent, morokii. SEARCH, To. Hukutsa. To seek, batla, senka ; to search or inquire into a matter, tlho tlhomiea, botsisa; hopholetsa ; to search into carefully, kelc' ka ; to turn over earth, etc., in making a search, kheleisa ; to search for anything in soil, by turning it over with a side movement of hand, khcla ; to search in clothing, or on the person, kheleisa. SEASON, A. Lobaka. A time, motlha; to season with salt, cwaisa, loka. SEAT. A chair, setulii; a sitting place, sedulii ; room for sit. bonnii; a back to a seat, motkaegii. SECOND, THE. Bobedi; oa bo bedi ; sa bobedi. SECRET. In secret, mo chuboii, mo go sa itsiweii, mo sephiriii; to tell a secret to, or whisper to, hohonyetsa ; to speak se cretly, give secret information, loma tsebe ; to have a secret talk, or meeting, go ea khudu. thamaga, go dula khudutha. maga; he called them secretly, a. ba biletsa thokii ; he was sent secretly, a la a romilwe ka bonokwane ; a secret or spying party, dinokwane; to join or leave people secretly, iioii waeJa. SECRETARY, A. 1\Iokwaledi. A secretary bird, tlhaiiwe. SECRR1'E, TO. Shuba; hitlha; bitiela. SECRETLY. See SECRET, SECT, A. Lekiikii. SECTION, A. Kabii. SECURE. To fasten, gokela; to lock, kiipcla. SECURITY. To take securit:v from him, go mo lehisa ; 'r will stand security for him, ke tla mo ema nokeii. SEDGE, A. :Motebii; motsitla. SEDIMENT. Sediment of native beer, dintsbe. SEDUCE, TO. lthwadisa. SEE, TO. Bona. To see indis tinctly, halodisa, thaisa, bona ka lorotho ; to see, but to take no notice, itimetsa ; to cause to see, or enlighten, bonesa; to cause to see, or sbew, bo ntsha; I have seen, ke bonye. SEED, A. Peo; tlbaka. A pip, thotse ; a stone, or pip, tbao.po; seed, or family, losika. SEEDBED, A. Lekedi. SEEDs. Diyalo ; dipeo. SEEING. Seeing that, ecwa, e re ka, ka le moriiro ; seeing it is not the sabbath, a bo go se sa bata; seeing that I am not your child, a bo ke se ii.wana oa gago. SEEK. To seek, or seek for, batla, senka ; to seek in many places, putla, putlaputla; to seek or follow after, lo.teli\la 'i to seek a thing here and there, at a distance, kalakatlega ; to seek, or look out for, among ourselves, ite balebela ; to go back tho way one has come in order to seek something that is lost, itatelela. SEEKER, A. Mosenki ; mmatli,

    PAGE 192

    190 SEEll. Chwaua. It semns as though, go chwana yaka, go utse yaka ; he seems like him, o chwnna yaka i'ma. SEIZE, TO. Chwara. They have seized him, ba mo chwere ; to seize by grasping with one hand, huparela. ; to seize by with both hands, tlamparcla; to seize by autho rity, or by force, gapa; their oxen are seized, ba ga.pecwe dikgomo. SELECT. 'fo select for oneself, itsheokcla, itlbiipha; to select, or make a. selection, tlhaola, tlhiipha. SELECTION, A. Tlhaolii ; tlhiiphgana; to separate oxen for inspan niog, tlhaloganya ; to separate oneself from, for an evil mo tive or purpose, ikcpa; to separate friends, sctlbaganya ; to separate mutually' sctiha gana; to separate oneself from, or keep aloof, ikeola, itlhaola, itomolola, itomolotsa ; to sepa rate some from others, lomo loganya tse diiiwe mo go tse diii we ; to separate cattle into small lots for drinking, no ketsa, 1-ahola ; to separate con tenders, tsiriganya. SEPTEliDER. The month of September, kgwedi ea piiane. SEPULCHRE, A. Phupu. SEaliON, A. Thutii, thcro. SERPENT. See SNAKE. SEitPEN"CINE. 'fo have a serpentine course, ikgara. S}:RVANT. A server, modihedi; a slave, motlhanka ; a hired servant, molalediwa ; a female scrvaut, lelata, mohula; a con fidential, or superior servant, kala. SEitvE, -ro. Dihela ; to serve him, go mo chwarisa tiho, go mo chwara lecogii. SERVICE. 'l'ihelo. Eye-service, tihclo matlhoii. Botlhanka. SET. To setjdown, baea; to set right, siamisa, kgopolola ; to turn from evil ways, lemolola ; to set free, golola; to set free a servant, rebola; set out on a journey, see S'l'ART; to set, as the sun, phirima, koliimeJa, kotlomcla; the sun set as I was going to the river, ke phirimelecwe ke letsatsi ke sa ea kwa nokeii ; to set oneself against, ikemisetsa ; to set at !lou1.!'ht, nyatsa; to set oneself, 1tlhoma; to set. or place for, hC(,Ia; to set the face stead fastly, tlhiJmcla rure sehntlhiigu; to set a tunc, tlhabeletsa;

    PAGE 193

    191 to set the foot down and stand fast, tsetsepela, itsetsepela. SETI'LE, To. Dula. To settle a question, atlhola ; to settle down quietly, or stoop, kiikobcla; to settle or become clear, as muddy water, itshcka; to be settled, or decided, atloga. S}:n:N. Shupa. Seven sheep, dinku di shupa, diukn tse di shupaii ; seven times, ga shnpa ; they are also seven, le ciina di shupa. SEn:NTEEN. Seventeen sheep, dinku di shomc di cwa ka di shupa. SEVENTH, TH}:. Oa boshupa; oa boshupo. SEVER. See Cu1. SEVERE. Thata. A severe bat tle, tlhabano e e thata. SEw, TO. Roka. To sew with stitches far apart, namalatsa; to sew slackly, lea. SEx. What sex is it? of a ehild, o moii P moii.? moei1 ? of a young animal, e caii ? SHA-DE, A. Moruti. To shade, sira; to shade oneself, itshira ; a shade or veil, setshirii ; to shade oneself from, itshiretsa ; to shade the eyes with hand when looking, itsheka segano; I will shade him, ke tla mo shela ; ke tla mo dihela mo ruti; to go into the shade, kwaea. SHADED, TO BECOl!E. Sircga. SHADow, A. Mornti. Shadows, mernti ; a shadow cast by a cloud, lechnti ; to cast a shadow upon, rutihalela, chu tihalela ; he is only the shadow of a man, o mankgoln oa motho ; to shadow or over shadow, khurnmetsa. SHAKE, TO. Tsikinya ; tshi kinya. To shake or ftap, so as to get out dust, udubatsa ; to shade oneself; as an animal, ithukhutha, ikudubatsa; to shake oft", or beat off, tlbo-tlhora; to shake a cloth, etc., about, popotla ; to shake some thing oft" the hand, ipopotha; to shake from looseness, as a pole, goshoma; to shake from side to side, so as to mix, kgorokgotsa; to shake a mar row bone up and down, kgo tlokgotsa; to shake, or be shaky, as the spokes of a wheel, shogiima; to shake with the hands, as a tree, cubua; to shake, or be shaky, as a door, kgwetlha; to shake, or toss about, as wind, ha hetla, heheutla; to shake or jerk anything clammy oft" the hand, tsapola ; to shake from side to side in a sieve, sekela ; to shake from side to side, as an animal its tail, or so as to rinse out a vessel, cokotsa; to sha lte from side to side vigor ously, as a vessel while being washed, cukunya; to shake up and down, as a person his finger, or a dog its tail, ota; to shake up and down, so as to remove bran, hehera, tsetsetha ; to shake up and down, as a milksack, kublila ; to shake or pull about, as a tight pole, sbunuka ; to shake hands, na ana diatla; to shake or jolt, as a horse its rider, kgorokotsa; to shake or wag the head from side to side, in token of dis sent, thukhutha tlhogo, tsikin ya tlhiigo ; to shake anything off oneself, itlhotlhora; to shake, or become shaken, from side to side, reketla ; to shake, or cause to move from side to side, reketlisa ; to shake, as a disjointed thing or loose pole, leketla ; to shake a lifted spear in battle, or at drill, iiatetsa, kgana.; to shake a little, as a stone when being moved, ku tnma; to cause to shake a little, kutumisa ; to sh>tkc the bo
    PAGE 194

    a man dancing, phaphsela; to shake down or together, a.s corn in a. measure, segitletsa, tsikitlcla. SHAKEN. Shaken by the wind, tsikincwe ke phcho. SHAKING. A shaking, a.s of a disjointed thing, boleketla. SHAKY. As a door, kgwctlba; shaky, as jelly, boreperepe. SHALL. Tla. I shall go, ke tla ea; I shall not go, ga nketla ke ea; shall you go ? a u tla ea ? I shall have bought, ntlabo ke rekile ; my food shall be his; diyb tsa me e tla ho e le tsa ga.gwc. SHALLOW. As a. ford, khe khele. SnAMBLES, THE. Setlhabelo. SHAME. Ditlhoii, botlhabisa. ditlhoii. You shame me, u ntlhabisa ditlhoii; he is with out shame, o sehala matlhoii, o ipha.dile ditlhoii ; they will put him to shame, ba tla mo tlhabisa ditlhoii. SHAMEFUL. Botlhabisaditlhoii. SHBIELESS. See SHAME. SHAMPOO, TO. Sedila. SHANK. A shank bone, momo. SHAI'E, OF A THING. Popego, chwano. SHARE, A. Kabelo, kabo. To share among each other, abe lana, abalana; they shall share in his things, ba tla tlhaka.nela. nae dilo tsa gagwe; to share, or divide, aba. SHARER, A. Moaberwi. They are sharers in flesh and blood, ba abecwe nama le madi. SHARP. Boga.le, boyetla. He is sharp, o matseba; sharp, and not easily deceived, matsctselekwC; a very sharp thing, segale ; to make a stake sharp, tlhokola. SHARPEN. To sharpen, by beat ing out, batola ; to sharpen on a stone, lootsa ; to be shar. pened, lootsega. 192 SHARPNESS. Bogale. His sharp. ness, ma.tseba a gagwe. SHAVE. Bee HAIR. To shave, beola ; to shave oneself, ipeola; he has shaved his head, o ipeotse tlhogo ea gagwe. SHAVING. A wood shaving, tshetela, ditshetela; a shaving scraped from a hide in braying, tlhono. SHAWL, A. Carle (hybrid). SHEAR, TO. Beola. SHEARER, A, Mmeodi. SHEATH. A sheath for a knife, or needle, kgatla ; a large sheath, or case, for needle and thread, morutshe. SHED, A. Loobo. 'l'o shed blood, cholola madi, tholola madi; to be shed,. chololwa, thololwa; the blood is shed, madi a tho locwe. SHEEP, A. 'Nku; sehutshane. Many sheep, manku ; a fl.ock of sheep, dihutshane, lecomane, lecomana; a small sheep, nku nyane; a male sheep, or ram, pheleu, phelehu ; a flock of sheep and goats, mixed, di hutshane, marele. SHELF, A. Kobotlo; botlhayana, Int. A narrow, flat shelf, sephakwana ; a broad or slop ing hack shelf, sebata. SHELL. A shell, or pod, lekape; a tortoise shell, logapa lou. khudu ; an egg shell, or piece of one, lokbadu; an empty ostrich shell, mogopo; a cockle, mussel, or oyster shell, kgetla. SHELTER. A shelter made of boughs, loobo ; to take shelter from the heat of the sun, kwaea; to shelter a thing from the sun, kwaisa. SHEPHERD, A. Modisa. SHEW. See SHow. SHIELD, A. ThCbe. To plant a shield when attaeked, khubega. SHINE, To. Pbatshima.; phatsi. ma. To shine, or glitter, g11r Jalela; to shine with a fl.ickering

    PAGE 195

    193 ght, nyedima.; to shine with a feeble light, nyetsa.; to shine, as distant lightning, ba.dima., be benya ; to shine or glisten in the sun, ga.la.lela. mo letsa.tsiii ; to shine, as a. glowworm, nye tsa. ; to shine a. little, as a. wet Hat stone, or a. ba.ld head, redi moga.; to shine for, or upon, pha.tshimela. SHINING, A. Pha.tshimo; pha.t simo. .A. slight shining, tbedi mogo. SHUilllER, TO. GaJa.lela. SHIP, A. Shepa. (hybrid); sekepa (hybrid). SHIRK. To shirk work, itsemeletsa.. SHIRKING, BY. Ka. boitsemeleco. SHIRT. Emp (hybrid). SHIVER, TO. Tla.ka.seia.. To shiver, as from cold or weak ness, tetesela.; to shiver, as from fear, roroma.. SHOCK. .A. shock, or hea.p of com, mokoa oa. mabeie. SHoE, A. Setlha.ko. .A. shoe of home made leather, se khobe; an old, worn-out shoe, sech waheie, seete ; the sole of a. shoe, setlha.ko; the upper leather of a. shoe, kgole ; to put on a. shoe, rwa.la; to take off a shoe, rola.. SHOOT. To shoot at, and hit, hula; to shoot at, and miss, hosa; to shoot a near object, kokobetsa.; to shoot out, as a tree, tlhoga. ; a. large shoot, letlhogela. ; a sma.ll shoot, le cwela. ; a. shoot from last year's corn sta.Ik, or root, lecwabudu ; a shoot from last year's seed, leiyadi ; a. shoot, or bla.de, of corn, mogwaii. SHOP, A. Vinkel (hybrid). SHORE. .A. seashore, dintshi tsa lewatla.. SHORT. Khutsha.ne; khuchwane. .A. short and thick thing or per son, sepoa.; to become abort, khutsha.ha.la. ; to come short, or come short of, tlhaela., tlha.el wa. ke ; a. short road, tsela. e e khu tsbane; the food comes short of them, or fails to reach them, diyo dia. ba. tlhaea. ; they came short of the _proofs, ba. tlha.etse mo dichupon; they came short of Ca.na.a.n, ba le ba. tlha.ela. ka.na.na. ; we are short of food, re tlha.ecwe ke diyo ; a. short person, mokhuchwane; to go by a short cut, ka.ba.ma.; to make a short cut and enter the path a.ga.in, ka.ba.mela tsela.. SHORTCOMING. .A. fault, molato ; a failure, tlhaelo ; a. sin, teoho. SHORTEN, TO. Khutsha.batsa.. SHORTLY. Kga.ntele; kga.nteye. Shortly, or briefly, ka. bokhu ch wane ; shortly after you left us, e bile u sena. go re tlogela.. SHORTNESS. Bokhutsha.ne. SHOT. Ma.rumo a ma. sesa.ne. He is a good shot, o ma.rwaka., o ma.rOka. SHOULD. Tha.t we should learn, gore re ithute; we should have done so, re ka. bo re dihile yalo, re ko re dihile yalo; where he should be killed, kwa. o la. a. tla. bolaelwa gona.; if there should be, or were to be one only, e ka. re kgotsa ga. bo go le moiiwe hela. ; I should, or would be, ke ne ke tla. nna. ; I should, or would not be, ke ne ke se nka. ke nna.; I should be a person, nkabo ke le motho; I should not be a person, nkabo ke se motho; if he should be there, ha a tla. bo a le gona. ; that they should go with them, gore ha. tle ba tsa.ma.ee nabo; if we should not be given them, we sha.ll know, etc., ha. re sa di nelwe, re tla bore ntse re itse. SHOULDER, A. Lerudi. .A. shoulder, or place for a burden, tsh1karo ; a shoulder of meat, lecogo ; to carry slung over the shoulder, sikara.; to carry on the shoulders, between two N

    PAGE 196

    194 bearers, sika.ra. ; to carry o.cross the shoulders, at the back of the neck, ka.ba ; to out, or chop olf, a shoulder of meat, hamola. ; to look over the shoulder, koba, ikoba., sheba; to shrug up the shoulder, khutlola. ; to give the cold shoulder, bibs.; he gave me the cold shoulder, o la. a mpihela. SHOULDE!lBLADE, A. Legetla; lehetla.. A joint in a shoulder bla.de, kgons ; 1lesh on the shoulder-blade of a person, mophomo. SHOULDERED.Round-shouldered, lokhutlo, marota. SHOUT, TO. Kua ; goa; ntsha mok!fosi. A loud shout; mo kgosl ; a loud shout, of a. number of people, leshowa, leshao, leshala.o, lesha.la.ba. ; a. shout of a. returning army, moopela.ne ; a. shout of women in the dance, etc., moduduetsa., modudueco, tudueco; to shout to a person at a distance, tlha.e letsa.; to shout at oxen, buisa clikgomo ; to shout, as women, dancing, going to work, etc., duduetsa.; to shout, as a crowd rejoicing, tsbela leshowa, tshela.lesha.lao. SHOVE. To shove towards, kgorometsa. SHow. To point out, shupa..; to point out to, shnpetsa, kaela.; to cause to see, bontsha, see VISIBLE; to show oneself to, ipontsha, ipontsha mo. SHowER, A. See RAIN. SHRINK. To shrink from doing, itsemeletsa. ; to shriuk back, ikgogons; to shrink back shuddering, as at sight of a. snake, tsipoga. ; to shrink up, see SHIUVEL. SHRINKING. A shrinking, timid child, iiwa.na. eo o seha.wa.. SHRIVEL. To shrivel up, or be come shrivelled up, as a dry skin, khua.gana.; as a. dry leaf, omelela.; as a. withered leaf, shwaba.; as corn, ma.pa.pa; to be shrivelled up by, khua. ga.nowe ke; to become shriv elled up into a. ball, or a. small compass, khurupa.na.; to be come shrivelled up, as a. dry corn-stalk, or poor animal, boduma; a. shrivelled up ox hide, or rheim, loiia.ii.ape; a shrivelled up goat skin, mogo goro. SHRUB. Tbe shrub of a. large tree, setlhatshana ; an edible shrub, morogo. SHRUG .. To shrug one's shoul ders, khutlola.. SHUDDER. To shudder, or start, sipoga., sipoga. mmele. SHUN. To shun, or shrink away from, ikgogona.. SHU'r, TO. Cwa.la. To shut a. door, cwsla., kgosetsa; I have shut it, ke se cwa.dile ; it is shut, se cwecwe ; to shut up, with bushes, or stones, kgobela; to shut up, as in a krall, or compound, tlhatlhela ; to shut one eye, ba.ta leitlho ; to shut one's own eyes, ipudulatsa ma.tlho ; to shut the eyes of another, budulatsa. matlho ; iliey have shut their eyes, ha ipudula.ditse ma.tlhO; to shut the mouth, and refrain from speaking, moma. molomo, tumola. molomo ; to cause the mouth to shut, tumodisa. mo lomo ; he shut the mouths of the lions, o la a. thiba. melomo ea. ditau ; to be shut up, as a road, or mouth, thiba.la; the road is shut up, tsela e thi betse ; to shut up the heart, iiona pelo SHU'rTER, A. Secwalo. SHU'J."riNG. A shutting up place, tlhatlheio. SHY. To be shy, aisimoga.. SICK. To be sick, bobola., lwala; to feel sick, or ill uthva bo tlhoko ; to feel siok, or about

    PAGE 197

    195 to vomit, ht>ro-ga."sebete; he is sick, oa. bobola.; he is always sick, o dibobo; he is very sick, but will most likely recover, oa. gomi\la. go shwa.; he was very sick but recovered, o gomile go shwa.; a sick person, mobodi, pt babobodi, mo lwetsi,pl. balwetsi; to lie sick and silent, kgwa.thalala ; to wait Upon a Rick person, oka. l tu help a. sick person to rise, Plola.. SICKLE, A. Thipa ea. ma.bele; sikela. {hybtid). SICKl!iESS, A. Pobolii; bolwetse. Pain, botlhoko ; a. chronic sickness, senyema, senya.ma.; a. wasting sickness, bolwetse; to break up, as a severe sick ness, tlhasa. ; the sickness is better, or has become dimin ished, pobolii e hokotsegile ; a stick placed by a doctor to keep people from a house where there is sickness, letlhakwana; to draw out a. sickness with the mouth, dupa; a. sickness supposed to have been caused by one with whom the sufferer has qun.rrelled, dikgaba. SIDE. The side of a person, mohama; the side of a person, or thing, lotlhakore ; a side, or direction, thokii, ntlha; which side has he gone to ? o ile ntlha. ehe ? the other of a river, etc moseya, boseya ; he has gone to the other side, o ile kwa. moseya.; I will be on his side, ),e tla cwa nae, ke tla. mo ema. noke:ii. ; the other side of Jordan, moseya. oa Yoreta.n, moseya.ga Yoretan; this side of the river, and the other, moseya. ono oa. noka., le moseya. ole ; on this side, moseya ono ; on the other side, ha. moseya; to go by the side of, ipa.patha le. SIDE BY SIDE. To be side by side, bapa; to plaoe side by side, ba.pisa.; they are side by side, di ha pile; to stand, or place oneself side by side, in a. row, iphapha; to be together side by side, pata.ga.na. ; to place together side by side, pata.ga.nya.. SIEVE. A fta.t b11osket, loselii; a sieve with holes, setsetsethii. SIFI'. To sift by shaking from side to side, sekel11o; to sift by shaking up and do,vn, hehera., tset;etha. ; to sift by shaking a. bout with a. sieve in a. slanting direction, tlokolola. SIGH, A. PhP-gelo; phegelo ; tsishiipelo; to sigh, hegelwa, hegelwa., ubuga. SIGHT. Pouii. In sight, mo ponoii, mo matlhoii; to come into sight, tbunya., kwetoga. ; come here into sight, kweto gi\la kwa.no ; to cause to come into sijrht, kwetola.; to recover sight, houhologa ; a. recovery of sight, phouhologii. SIGHTED. Weak-sighted eyes, matlhii a. boriikii ; a. weak sighted, or weak-eyed person, sehiichwana.. SIGN, A. Seshupii. A sign, or mark, of ownership, lochwaii. SIGNS. Tomakesigns,orbeckon, gwetlha, gwa.ea.. SILENCE. 'l'idima.lii. A silence, or lull in wind, mohiilehiile ; a great silence, tshisibalii ; to silence, didima.tsa, kgaodisa.; to put them to silence, go ba tlhokisa. puii ; to silence or conquer in talk, by a. number of arguments, shiipanya. ; to sit in silence, upala.la. SILEN"r, TO BE. Didima.la.; :ii.o iiobala ; kga.otsa.. 'l'o be silent and not answer when spoken to, tuulala. ; to be silent and sulky, khutloga. ; to be silent u.nd refuse to tell the news, giipa. ma.hoko ; to be silent, or shut the mouth, moma. mo lomo, tumola molomo ; he is

    PAGE 198

    196 quite silent, o tumotse molomo; be silent kgaotsa. a silent person, lenonobadi, motuula.di, letuuladi. SILK. Sei (hybrid). SILLY. See FOOLISH. SILVER. Selefera (hybrid). SnliLAR, TO BE. Chwana. SnnLARITY in appearance. Te baii. ; tebagaii. ; tebagano ; malebagan. SIMPLE. Bor ; sisi, Int. SIMPLICITY. Ka bori. SIMPLY. Hela. SIN. Boleo. A sin, teoho, sebe, seleo; to sin, leoha, otlahala ; to sin against, leohela. SINCE. Since I was born, e sale ke tsalwa; it is a long time since I saw them, ka ba bonye e sale bogologolo ; since the day I sa.w them until now, ka. tsatsi ye ke len ka ha bona le ka yeno ; they knew him ever since he was a child, ha sale ba mo itse a le nwana; some years since, dinyaga din we di hetile; a little while since, maloba ; since I have not a horse, ka ke sena pitse. S 1 NEw A. Losika. Thick ainew, or muscle, mosiha; thin sinew, or membrane, lotha; thread sinew for sewing, tlhale. SING, To. Opela. To sing a dance tune, bina ; to sing loudly, or louder than others, thomeletsa; to sing plaintively, kurwetsa; to sing to, opelela ; to scream out in singing, tsere metsega ; to sing in concert, or well together, ratlalela. SINGE, TO. Babola. To become singed, baboga; to smell of singeing, nkga segau. SINGER, A. Moopedi. SINGING. To take the lea.d in singing, tlhabeletsa ; a leader in singing, motlhabeletsi. SINGLE. 1.'here is not a single one, ga !fO na OJ?e, leha e le monwe hela ; a s1ngle, or unmarried person, kgope, le kgarebe. SiNK. To sink in water, ikgata, nwela; to sink into mud or mire, roromela; to sink into, or tramp mud with a noise, cobotla ; to sink down, as an animal from poverty, or a per son from fright, pharama. SINNER, A. Moleohi. SIP, To. Hupa. To sip again and again, hupela. SISTER. Same as Brother. A man's sister, kgantsa.di. SISTER-IN-LAW. Man's sister in-Jaw, sa.me as Brother ; woman's sister-in-law: my, mogokane; thy, mogokau; his, mogokane oa gagwe. BIT, To. Dula. To cause to sit, dudisa; he has sa.t, o dutse ; to sit down for a little time when there is nothing doing, itulela; to sit on one's heels, kokomala, kotama ; to sit ftat on the ground, tlabama; to sit in the way, or to continue sitting, so as to hinder, tlhabama; to sit on the haunches, kotsma ; to sit with folded legs, iphara ; to put to sit on a lap, as a child, hara; to sit with legs stretched out, ipetleka; to sit, or sink down in hopelessness, koama; to sit in the sun, sekamela ; to sit quite still, ritibala ; to sit ou eggs, elama ; to sit round a fire, dikanyetsa. molelo ; to sit with the hea.d bent in a listen ing attitude, iba ditsebe. SITE. Site, with ruins, of a deserted dwelling or kra.ll, leshope; site from whence a house has been removed, setsha. SITTING. He was sitting there, o la a dutse giina. SITTINGPLACE, A. Bodulo. SITUATION. A position, pope go. SIX. Thataro. Six sheep, dinku di thataro; six days, malatsi a

    PAGE 199

    197 le ma. ra.ta.ro; six people, batbo bale barats.ro. SIXTEEN. Sixteen sheep, dinku di sbome di cwa. ka di tha.tha.ro. SIXTH, THE, Sa. bo ra.tba.ro; oa. boratbaro. SKELETON, A. Losbwaela. A living skeleton, or a. much. emaciated person, Iowa ; the skeleton of an anima.l covered with skin, seknkuru, sekoloa.. SKEP. To skep food, cbola; to skep first food for bead man, ra.hola.. SKILFUL. Bee CLEVER. SKIM:. To skim oft', okola. SKIN, A. Letla.lo. To skin, bna; a skin for sleeping on, pbate, sea.lo ; a skin for wearing, kobo; a skin for carrying a. baby in on the back, thari ; a skin oft' a. bulb, leka.pe ; skin on cold porridge, logog0 ; skin of a snake, letlotlobo; piece of skin, from desqna.ma.tion, letlo tlobo ; a thin skin, or mem brane, lotha. ; a. thick skin. letla.lo ye le kwenneii. ; to bray a. skin, shuga., see also RuB; an unbra.yed a.nd shrivelled up skin, mogogoro, sekopa, sekolOa.; a. set of three tlhose skins, or two pbokoye skins, motlbwaela; an imperfect set of two tlbose skins, mokbutla; to cast a. skin, as a. snake, itloba.; to pluck hair oft' a. skin, tlhoba., cua ; a skin, or ;part of a skin, destitute of b&.lr or wool, lo gwete ; a dry skin, sekgoropa.; to trim round a. brayed skin, sekeletsa. ; to work a. skin be tween the hands so as to soften it, tsebetha. ; a. skin water bottle, moha.lo; a. skin, or fur cap, tlhoro, pua.ne. SKIP. To skip with a. rope, go ya. ntimo, go nts.ea. ntimo ; to skip about with joy, ka.lapa.. SKULL, A. Loga.ts.. Skulls, di kga.ta. ; hollow at the base of the skull, koduolo. SKY, THE. Sky covered with fleecy clouds, loapi; red sky, a.s at sunset, ma.hube. SLAB. A flat stone, letla.pa.. SLACK. Your sewing is sla.ck, go roka. ga. ga.go go leilwe ; to become sla.ck, lewa.; to sew, or tie sla.ckly, lea. to become sla.ck, or loose, to make slack, repisa.. SLAM:. To slam a. door, nta.nya. secwa.lo. SLANDER. TsbebO. To slander, or backbite, seba, segetlha. ; to revile, kga.la; to accuse falsely, pa.teletsa. SLAN"r, TO, Pheka.ma., seka.ma. To be on a. slant, as a Secwa.na door, pheka.lega.. To hold a thing on the slant, phekega., tsekega., sekega.. SLAP, TO. Ha.phola, ba.ta.. To slap gently, popoa.; to slsp one. self on the thigh, a.s a joyful person, ikopa.opa. serope, ikopa. serope, ba.tola serope, ipats. serope ; slap oneself on the cheek, ikopa. lesa.ma. SLASH. To slash with a stick or sword, kga.tika.nya. SLATE, A. Letla.pa. ye le kwa.. lelaii. ; selete (hybrid). SLAUGHTER. To slaughter O.D animal, tlhaba.; to slaughter a. large number of persons or animals, ga.ila. SLAVE, A. Mot.lha.nka.. An in ferior, molala.; a colonial ap prentice, lekgoba; a fema.le slave, lelats.. SLAVERY. Botlhanka., SLAY. Bee KILL. SLEEK. Borethe. SLEEP. Boroko. To lie down t.o sleep, roba.la. ; to sleep soundly, thulamela; to sleep in an open or exposed place, sha.kala.la ; to sleep in the veldt, go tsa.ma.ea. bogoba. ; to sleep alongside the fire, thokama ; to moan in one's sleep,

    PAGE 200

    198 ona ; deep breath drawn in sleep, moshumo; where did you sleep, or where did you arise P u cogile ka.e P to be heavy with sleep, bokalala.; their eyes were heavy with sleep, matlho a bOna a bo a bokaletse ; they are overcome by sleep, ha imecwe ke boroko; to be unable to sleep, khidiega, tlhoba.ela; while men slept, e rile go robecwe. SLEEPING. To prevent from sleeping, khidia. SLEEPING-CHAMBER, A. Ntlo ea. borobalo. SLEEPING-PLACE. Bol&O. To leave a sleeping-place, botho loga; a sleeping-place or hol low of wild animals, kati. SLEEPING-TIME. Jt is sleeping. time, go robecwe. SLEEPLESS, TO BE. Khidiega.. SLEEPY, TO BE. OtsCla.. 'l'o be sleepy, with eyes heavy, boka lala. SLEET. A shower of drizzling sleet, seraii wane. SLEIGHT. Phoro. SLENDER. See SLIGHT. SLICE. A thin kapet-lana ; to slice meat for curing, beka. ; to slice a pumpkin or cut it into thin strips, tlhabela. SLIDE. See SLIP. SLIGHT. Sesane; mosesane. A very slight one, mosesanyane. SLING, A. Kgii)ana e e kono paii ; motsikidi. 'fo sling over the shoulder, sikara. SLIP, To. Relela. To cause to slip, releilisa; to slip from the baud, relela mo seatleii ; to slip on one side and escape, themelekana. SLIP-KNoT, A. Segole. SLIPPERY. Borethe. A smooth, slippery place, boreledi; to become a slippery character, rethehala ; a person of a slip pery character, motho oa thelelo. SLOPE. To slope or bend back, penama.; it slopes, e pename ; a. slope, mokgokolosa; a sandy slope, or bill, lerotobolo; a. nice gradua.l slope, bothologii yo bo ntle. SLOTHFUL. See IDLE SLOUGH, A. Maragaraga. SLOVEN, A. Seshwapelo. SLOW. Bonya. Deliberate, bo diki; lazy, serorobe, toutega; he is slow, o modikologa., o mosetla, o sekoba, o bonya ; he is not slow, ga a bonya.; a slow work, tiho e e bonya ; to be slow, on account of stout ness, gokgola ; to become slow, nyahala; to be slow or loth to do, itsemeletsa ; slow (of a only), bodikologe; slow (of a horse), maoto a chupa.. SLOWLY. Ka bonya; ka bonolo. To walk or work slowly, on ac count of stoutness, gokgola ; to act slowly, iketla.. SLOWNESS. .Bonya. SLUGGARD, A. Mmoduha.di. Sluggards, ba.boduhadi. SLUMBER, To. Otsela. SLY. On the sly, mo sephiriii; to go away on the sly, ikucwa. SMACK. 'l'o smack, as a whip, thanya; to mal
    PAGE 201

    199 wall, dila; to smear the body, tlola, tlotsa.; to smear a :floor with dung only, kgapha. ; to smear with medicine, ra.ea, phekola ; to smear a skin for braying, tshasa. ; smear the mouth with fat, when eating, tlhamukela molomo ; to smear the face with tears, or milk, kg"natua, kga.matha. ; to smear w1th much fat, kgoma, nyemu ka, tlapuketsa ; to smear a face with fat, to make it shine, iphotlha ; to smear the body with moshwaii, as a doctor, hiiriila ; to smear or wash with milk, to remove dirt, ipho rola. SMELL, A. Lonko ; monkgo ; monko. A strong smell, seho ka; a bad smell, bodupa; a smell of burning, or singeing, sega.u; a very bad smell, se bodu; to smell, nkga; to smell out, as a dog its master, dupa.; it smells nicely, sea nkga. mo nate ; it smells badly, sea. nkga. bodupa; they caused the land to smell very badly, di le tsa nkgisa lehatshe sebodu; without smell, ribe, cola. SMELT. See MELT. S .111 I LE. To smile or appear pleased, without showing the teeth, rumaruma ; to smile, showing the teeth, nyenya. Slll'l'E. ro smite with the open hand, haphola, hopha; to smite with a fist, uba; to smite with a staff, etc., ubula; to smite, or cut oft', kgemetha. SMITH, A. Mothudi. To work as a smith, tbula. SMITHY, A. Ntlo ea. mmuba. SMITTEN. See SMITE. To be smitten with, or pleased with, kga.tlhwa ke. SMOKE. Mosi ; mu si. To rise, as smoke, kuba; to rise up, as dense smoke, kuulojra; a cloud, or pillar of smoke, khonoii; to smoke a pipe, goga; the bread is smoked, or scorched, bogohe bo nkga segau. SMOKING. Smoking wood, logoii lo 16 kuba.ii mosi. SMOOTH. Boretbe ; boreledi. To become smooth, rethehaJa ; smooth, as finely.ground meal, or cloth, boleta, bolecwa; he is smooth in speech, o seleta mo puoii ; to smooth, or stroke out, shola ; to smooth out, as a wet skin, papana ; to make smooth by rubbing, gotlha; to make smooth by rubbing two things together, gotlhanya; to smooth, as with a hand in plastering, or by filing, rethe batsa.; a smooth, or slippery place, boreledi. SMOOTHNESS. Boreledi. SMOTHER. To smother, or sutfo cate, hupetsa; to be smothered, hupela; to be smothered by, hupediwa ke. SMUDGE, See SMEAR. S.IIUDGINESS, PROM CRYING. Se kga.ma.tha; sekga.natha. Smud giness, from grease, milk, etc., makgamatha, makganatha. SMUDGY. To become smudgy, from CrJing, grease, etc., kga matha, kganatha. SNAKE, A. Noga. A small red snake, harmless, seleka; a very large snake, nenebu, Int. ; a large river snake, said to bleat like a kid, noga ea potsa.ne ; a yellowish snake, noga ea pho hu ; a ringhals snake, kake ; a yellowish snake, black about the mouth, magalane; a long, black snake, very poisonous, mokwepa, phika., mokopa; a putfadder, lebolobolo; a green tree snake, logwere; a boa con. strictor, tlh ware ; a small black and white snake, or viper, sheusheua.ne, shaushauane ; a thin striped black and white snake, mosenene, mosenenya ane; a very large water snake,

    PAGE 202

    200 phika kgolo ; to cast the skin, as a snake, itloba ; the track of a snake, modila. ; the skin of a snake, letlotlobo; to go in a serpentine course, as a snake, ikga.ra. ; to hiss, as a snake, otsa., shnma.. SNAP. To snap, or break, a stick, iiota; to snap a tense rheim, thapola; to snap, or become broken, as a stick, sipoga.; to snap, or become broken, as a tense rheim, tha.poga; to snap, as a pole, butlega; to snap, as a dog, kgogoga ; to snap at, as a dog, kgogogela. SNARE. Sera.i; sern; mutlwa.na. SNARE, TO. Gamma. .. SNATCH, TO. Pha.mola; cubula.; utla.. To snatch or catch any thing thrown, ka.pa.; to snatch, or pull on one side, as a child out of danger, thibosa.; to snatch out of a fire, shwa.tola. mo moleloii. SNEEZE, TO, Ethimola.. SNORE, To. Rora. SNow. Cha.laii; ohela.ii; seho ka.bolea; ka.pokwe (hybrid). A drizzling snow-storm, sera iiwane. SNUPF. Mocoko. SnufF of a candle, mapomo ; to take snuft, goga ; to take a pinch of snufF, hina, tlhoba. ; to snuff a candle, poma lobone. SNUFFERS. Dipomo. So. Y a.lo. Just so, le gale, le gona ; so large (size being speoi Jied), ka.na. ; it is so large, e ka.na. ; so great riches, mahumo a a kalo; by so much as, go etsa. yaks. ; so heavy a weight, bokete yo bo ka.lo; so and so, ma.iimaii; so much, go kalo, go le kalo; so many, bontsi yo bo kalo. SOAK. To make wet, kolobetsa; to soak, as rain, tlopatla.; to dip, ina ; to soak for, inela. SOAKED. See SATURATED, SoAP, Molora. SoB, To. Sisa. pelo. A sob, tsisho pelo. SoBER. To be temperate, ikgapha., ikgapa. SOBERLY. Ka. tekano. SOBRIETY. Teka.no; ikgapho. SoCIABLE. He is sociable, o na le mahoko; he is not sociable, ga a na mahoko. SocK, A. Sekaos (hybrid). SoD, A. Thito ea boya.ii. SorT. Soft, or smooth (of cloth, etc.), boleta, bolecwa ; soft to out, nolo ; soft to eat, bornma. ; soft (of wood), lekhwaho; soft, as very ripe fruit, botObetobe; to be very soft, or tender (of well-cooked meat), nyera, he tlhega, ohweretlhega. ; it is very soft, e nyerile ; to become soft, nolohala; to make soft, nolo hatsa. SOFTHEARTEDNESS. Bopelonomi ; bopelotlhomogi. SoFTLY. Ka. bonolo; ka. bonya. To go softly, or quietly, nya :nyaela., go tsama.ea ka. nyanya elo. SoFTNESS, as of soaked flannel. Boleta; bolea. SorL. Mbu. Black soil, seloko ; sandy, or gravelly soil, mosha gopa., moshauwana.; red soil, mosesebe; brack soil, lobu ; black, peaty soil, borobu; sandy soil of the desert, mouputsa ; to take soil out of a hole, katolola. SoJoURN, TO. Tlhola. To sojourn for a good while, tlhola.tlhOla; to sojourn for a definite pur pose, yaka ; I shall sojourn for corn, ke tla ya.ka ma.bele. SoJOURNER, A. Motlhodi; moyak:i. SOLDER, TO. Ka.na.. SOLDIER, A. Motlba.bani. SoLE. The sole of a shoe, se tlhako ; the sole of a foot, se bets sa lona.O. SoLID. Solid or thick food, diyo tae di loileii.

    PAGE 203

    201 SoLITARINESS. Boyosi. SoLITARY. To lead a. solitary life, ikutla.. SOLITUDE. Boyosi. SoLvE. To solve a. riddle, or a. difficult question, kgololola.. SOJIIE. Nwe, affixed to the par ticles. Some people, ba.tho ba.iiwe ; some things, dilo din we ; some dig, others rest, ba. ba.iiwe la. epa., ba. ba.iiwe ba. ikhutsa.; some day, motlha. moiiwe. SOMEBODY. Moiiwe. SOMEONE. Moiiwe. SOMETHING. Seii we. SOMETIMES. Motlha. moiiwe. SOMEWHERE. Goiiwe; helo goiiwe; golo goiiwe. SoN. My son (speaking of), morwa.ke; (speaking to), mo rwa.ka.; thy son, morwao; his son, morwa.we; Tau's son, morwa.Tau. SoN-IN-LAW, A. Mogwe. SoNG, A. Pina ; sehela; kopelo. A war song, koma. SooN. Kga.ntele ; kga.nteya. They will soon come, ba tla. a.koha. ba tla. ; as soon as ye enter, lo tla re lo sa tsena. ; I shall soon go, ke tla. tloga ke tsa.maea. ; as soon as he heard, a re a. utlwa., a. sena go utlwa; they soon broke the law, ba tlogile ba. tlola. mola.o ; the water will soon boil, metse a tla. akotsha a bela. SoOT. Mowa. SoP, A. Tha.tsna. To sop, or dip in, ina.. SoRCERER, A. Moloi. SoRCERY. Boloi; too. SoRE. Botlhoko. To be very sore, thathanyega ; it is very sore, e botlhoko, go botlhoko ; a sore made by a. burden, saddle, etc., leka.; a. sore, ntbo; to come out, as a. sore, cwa. ; the sore came out on him long ago, nthO ga. e bolo go mo cwa; to spread, or burrow, as a sore, kekela. ; the sore has swelled, but has no opening, ntho e sema.tla; to hurt a sore by rubbing or pressing against it, ronkga.; to open a sore, ara. ; to make a large opening in a. sore, a.rola, a.bola ; an opening made in a. sore, loaro ; to lick a sore, as a dog, ronkga. ; to dry np, or become dried up, as a sore, phapha.lala, ga.moga. ; to cause a sore to dry up, pha pha.latsa ; a sore on a kid's mouth, chwa.shwa. SoREFOOTED. Leshware. SORENESS. Botlhoko. SORROW. Bohutsana, manoi\.0noiio ; khutsahalo. To rest head on hand, in sign of sor row, ichwara.Iehuma.. SoRROWFUL. To be sorrowful, hutsa.hala; to be very sorrow ful, or heavy with sorrow, iio iiosela ; to look sorrowful, tlhon ya., beha. ; to cause the countenance to look sorrowful, tlhontsha; what makes your faces look sorrowful P dihatlho go tsa Iona di tlhontshicwe ke eiiP SoRRY. To be sorry, utlwa. bo tlhoko, hutsa.hala ; to be sorry for, or repent of, ikwatlhaela. SoRT. To sort, or select out, tlhaola. ; what sort of a person is this P motho eo o ntse yaii P motho eo o kana kaii P SoRTS. Of all sorts, ga. ditshika cotlhe. SouL, A. Moea. Souls, meoea ; a person, motho. SouND, A. Modumo. A sounJ of wind, moshumo ; a rustling sound, chumo; a loud sound, lora.ts ; a deafening sound, logan ; a sound of a musical instrument, t.echo, molodi ; to sound, or become audible, utlwala; to sound, as a beaten iron, lela.; to sound a trum pet, Ietsa; to sound, or try the depth of, lelekela., leleketsa ;

    PAGE 204

    202 sound speech, puo ea. tlhoma. mo. SouNDNESS, or health. Phiilo. (A word that must be uttered very carefully, to distinguish it from polo.) SouP. Moro. SouR. Botlhoko ; bocarara. Slightly sour, botlha ; very sour, motsarara.; very sour (of .milk), bodila; sour bread, bo go be yo bo bedileii. SouRCE. The source of a river, mocwedi. SoURNEss. Botlhoko ; bocarara. SoUTH, THE. Kwa borwa. SoUTHERN CROSS, THE. Thu. tlwa. Sow, A. Kolobe e na.maga.di; to sow, yala.; to sow a. second time, lemolola; to sow thickly, ya.!a motlele; to sow itself, iyala. Smn:R, A. Moyadi. SPACE, A. Sebaka; lobaka. A space between two things, mo la; an open space, pa.t.Ielii; an open space io a kgotla, leba. tla ; an open space in the ''eldt, sebatla. SP.
    PAGE 205

    c'SPEAR, A. Lemmo. A. barbed spear, lerumo ya kobe ; a spear handle, lore ; a piece of a broken spPar handle, putlcla.. SPECK. A wllit.e speck or spot, seba.ta; a white speck or spot in an eye, tlhaka.. SPECKLED. (Of an ox), kgweba; (of a cow), kgweba.na; (of many cattle), bogweha. f::PECTACLE, A. SPECTACLES. Berile (hybrid). SPECULATE. To spl'cnlate or conjecture, ko.bakanya. SPEECH. Puo. A. preliminary speech, diket.a.pele tSIL ma.boko; to have an impediment in speech, or stammer, kwakwa etsa, koakoetsa ; to be as if tongue-tied, phelea. SPEECHLESS. See DUMB. He was speechless, a tlhoka puo. SPEED. Lobelo; machoba.ne ; mora, Int. ; boheho. A slight speed, bohechwana. SPEEDILY. See QUicKLY. SPEND. To squander, hurosetsa, saha. SPENDTHRIFT, A. Lesaha. SPENT. The day is spent, le tsatsi le he the Sunday in the veldt, tshipi e le ea mo nnela mo nageii; to be spent, or helpless, koama; he is spent, or helpless, o koame. SPEW. See VOMIT. SPICE. Se se nkgnii monate. SPIDER, A. Segok!!O. A. taran-tula opider, selaledi, selialii; to hang, a.s a spider, nkgega; to spin, a.s a spider, rara; web of a spider, bobi, p!. mabi. SPIES. Dit.lhOla; ditlholwa; ditlhOla t.sa teb.. A pa1ty of pies, or a ecret party, bono kwane, dinolcwane. SPIKE. A. stake in a game pit, mohatsa. SPILL, TO. Cholola; tholola. To carry carefully, so that it may not spill, neneketsa; to shake about and spill, as water when carried, kgaphea.; to be come spilt, chologa, thologa ; to put a thing in water to pre vent its being spilt, boga; a thing put in to prevent spilling, lobogo, pl. dipogo. SPIN, To. Otlha. To weave, logo.; to spin, as a. spider, rara. SPINAL CORD, A. Mokolela. SPIRAL. MocbOphe. SPIRALLY. To turn np spirally, chOp ha ; to climb up spirally, ichOpheiela. SPIRIT. Moea. Spirits, meoea; evil spirits, ba:dimo. SPIRil'UAL. Samoea; semoea. SPIR:r. 'l'o opirt out, as blood from a wound, gasegeia. SPIT, TO. Kgwa matbe. To spit anything out of the mouth, kgwa ; to spit out with a noise, as if from between the teeth, tsaranya ; to become spat out with a noise, tsaranyetsega; to spit out in a stream, cbabanya; to spit out food, etc., on to the ground, buganya; thev will spit upon him, ba tla mo "kgwela mathe. SPllTLE. Ma.the. To stop too abundant a flow of spittle, lokotsa. SPLASH. To oplash water about with hands or feet, phacha kanyn, phacn.nya. SPLEEN, A. Lobate. SPLICE, TO. 'l'lhomelela. Sl'LINTI!:lt, A. Lohatsa; lohatsana. To splinter, or brea.k into splinters, lokotla. SPLll', TO. llapba; hatsa; ha. tola; hatoganya.. He split them up into planks, a di ha togauya. dimati ; to become oplit or cracked, hatoga. SPOIL. To destroy, senya; to plunder, thopa ; to spoil quickly, 'as bread, etc., tsena; to spoil a favourite child, tli. kietsa; to spoil a child by giving, and thus inducing an

    PAGE 206

    expectation of repeated gifts, lematsa ; he is a. spoilt one, o molema ; a. spoilt child, being the last a. woman will have, goa.heie, goheie; to spoil, or ruin a. land, as a. swarm of locusts, gobera.; to spoil a. child by allowing it to grow up untrained, roma.; to spoil, or become spoilt, by growing old, sh wa.ha.la; to spoil a. thing by laying hold of it, tlamuka; spoil or plunder, kga.po, thopo. SPOKE. I spoke to the people, ke le ka. bua le batho. SPOKEN. To become spoken, buega; to be spoken, bolelwa; to be spoken of, rewa; they are spoken of, go rewa. bOna. ; that which was spoken by, se se boil wen Jte. SPONGE, A. Nami. Nest made of maha.tlha. blossom, and used as a sponge, sesetlhO, sesitlho. SPOON, A Dusho. Spoons, dincho ; a. small spoon, du shwana.; a large spoon for eat ing, dushO lo lo ya.fi ; to orna ment a. spoon by burning, bab6la. SPOOR, Spoor of a. vehicle, motlhala. ; spoor of an animal, ditlhako; to follow on a. spoor, latela; to follow up a. spoor pereveringly, khukhela.; to go back in one's own spoor, as when looking for a lost thing, itateieia.. SPORT. See PLAY. SPOT. A spot, or place, loha.ka.; a white spot, or patch, sebata.; a. white spot on an animal's forehead, nyato ; a spot of colour on an animal, secubaba ; a white spot, or speck in an eye, tlhaka.. SPOTTED. See SPECKLED. SPOUT. To spout, or spirt out, as blood, ga.segela ; to spout out in a. jet, sisa. SPRAINED, TO BE. Phitsega ; khwiga.. He ;has sprained an 204 ankle, o phitsegile legweya.na ; a sprained, or strained wrist, sebitlo. SPREAD. To spread, or become spread, hala.la. ; to cause to spread, halatsa ; to spread ont, as a. fnll river, penologa., chaama ; it is spread out, e cha.a.me ; to spread a skin on the ground, ala ; to spread a. skin for oneself, ika.lela. ; to spread abroa.d, or as a tree its roots, nama, a.na.ma.; to spread abroad in the land, anama. le lehatshe, pha.tla.la.la.le lehatshe; to cause to spread abroad, a.na.misa, phatlalatsa ; to spread over, or cover up, bipa. ; to spread all round about, as a. swarm of locusts, phantla; to spread open, as a. book, or the hands, petleka, atlega ; to spread out, or open out, phu tholola, tsharolola ; to spread things out to air, dry, etc., a.nega, atlega., cha.ega. ; to spread as a. disease, or burrow, as a sore, kekela, keketsega. ; to spread out, or extend, as a. plain, a.tlaha.la. ; to spread out a. curtain, etc., tsha.rolola ; to be spread, or noised abroad, tuma.; to spread all over, or cover, ha.ra.hara ; to become spread, or scattered, as cattle, gasa.ma. ; they are spread in all directions, di ga.same; to spread out in approaching, as an attacking force, aka.metsa.. SPREADING. Wide-spreading, as a ftood, logadigadi ; wide spreading, and sha.llow, as a pool, lopetleke ; a. spreading out, phuthologo. SPRING, A. See FOUNTAIN. Spring-time, dikga.kologo; to bubble up, as the water of a spring, biloga.; to spring up as a mushroom, khumpologa.; to spring as grass, tlhoga ; to spring up, as a. root, mela; to spring or jump, tlola.

    PAGE 207

    205 SPRINGBUCK, A. A small springbuck, tsbechwana ; a male springbuck, lokgware, maponye. SPRING-HARE, A.. Tshipo. SPRINKLE, TO. Kgatsa ; gasa metse. To sprinkle on, or strew on, as salt, knbuela ; to sprinkle, or strew, witchcraft medicine, ; it is sprinkled with water, e kga tsicwe metse ; to become sprinkled or wet, tsapoga ; the person is sprinkled, motno o ; the water has spnnkled him, metse a mo tsapogetse. SPRINKLING, A. Kgachii. A thing for sprinkling with, sekgacho ; a vessel for sprink ling from, sekgatseco. SPROUT. To sprout, as seed sown, mela ; to sprout, as a seed germinating, tlhaba; to sprout, as a tree, tlhoga ; a sprout of a tree, ; a sprout, or young branch, le cwela ; a sprout, or germ, a sprout, or shoot, still white, motJhaba ; a sprout or shoot just out of ground, mogwaii.. SPUR, A. Seporo (hybrid). A cock's spur, lonala, monotii. SPURN. To spurn, or refuse to accept, cwitla ; to spurn, or push away, kgorometsa ; to spurn, or knock, with foot, khutla; to spurn, as a cow her calf, kwela ; tc spurn, or answer with contempt, koba. SPURT. To spurt out upon, as blood, ; to put on a spurt, as m racing, tlhabo loga. SPY, A.. Motlhodi ; setlhiila ; setlholwa. To spy, tlhiila, tlhiila ka bonokwane ; to spy out tne land, tlhiila lehatshe, lehatshe. SPYING. By spying, ka bono kwane. SQ,UANDER, TO. Sa ha; horosetsa; abaka. A. Lesaha.. He IS a squanderer, o sehahalele. SQUARE. A squa.re patch, sebata se se dihilweii. manya; out of square, mokea. SQUAT. Squat, and dumpy (of a thing, or person), sepoa. SQUEAMISH. To feel as if about to vomit, heroga sebete. SQUEEZE. To squeeze out with a hand, gamola, tamola ; tc squeeze between the hands or fingers, pitla ; tc squeeze a yielding thing between finger and thumb, as a sore with matter, tamusa; to squeeze out into, gamolela; to squeeze anything into a small compass, hutaganya, khurumanya. SQUIRREL. A ground-squirrel, yellowish, ii.he, mosha ; a meercat, gray, with whitish ta.il, samane, sekate ; grayish, with short tail, kotiikwe ; a musk cat, striped black and white, tshipa. ; red cat, tip of tail black, kganwe; the hole of a ground squirrel, letsa.tsa ; a ground squirrel's warren, ma tsatsa. Eject from the mouth 1n a stream, buganya, cha banya. STAB, TO. T_aputa. To pierce, tlhaba ; to kill quickly, with a deadly stab, kgatlhola. STABLE, A. Ntlo ea dipitse; to be stable, tlhomama. STAI!'I!'. A staff for walking with, tsamma; a staff for old and blind people, lore ; a staff or support, seikokotlelo ; a staff with large knob, for throwing, molamu ; a staff for braying sandals, monteo ; a sta.lf for braying skins, titeelii; a stamp ing stalf, motshe ; tc lean upon a staff, itlhabetsa. STAG. See BucK. STAGGER, TO.

    PAGE 208

    206 STAIR. A la.dder, sepa.lamo; a place of ascent, bopa.lamo ; a stair, or step, of wood, sepaga.mo ; a stair or step of earth, or stone, serepudi. STAKE. A pointed stake, mo hatsa. ; a stake or pole, mo kgoro, rnopa.ko. STALK. A stalk of corn, etc., motlhaka ; that part of a stalk near the ear which is chewed for tying, senimii ; a stalk of a bulb, motlafi; a stalk or runner of spreading plants on ground, thapii ; the stalk of a pumpkin, kgothi; stalk of a large leaf, kgopn. STALL. Stall or place for stalled cattle, botlhatlhelo. STALLION, A. Pitse ea. seheke. STUIMER, TO. Kwa.kwetsa.; koa koetsa.. STAMP. To stamp with a. foot, tiba.; to stamp with a fist, tuba; to stamp in a mortar, tlhobola; to stamp in soil, as in making a pole firm, setlela, chiihela. STAMPING. A staff for stamping with, motshe ; a mortar for stamping in, kika. STAND, TO. E!ma. To canse to stand, emisa ; he has st<>od, o erne ; to stand, or rise up, nanoga., tlomoga. ; to stand fast, or firm, tsetsepela, itse tsepela, taetalala ; to stand fast, or be firm, tlhomama, ema ka. tlhOmamo ; to stand on tiptoe, gwalala ; to stand upright, tsepalala, topa.lala, lo pa.lala ; to stand or stick up right, as a stake in the ground, tsepa.ma; to stand with legs stretched wide out, batalala maoto; to stand over, or above, oka.ma ; to stand aloof from, ka.kamologa. ; to stand aloof from them, ema ha go bOna. ; to stand by or defend, ema nokefi ; to cause to stand or stay by stopping, -kga.Mla ; to atand np, as a person's rough hair, tlhatlha.ba.la ; to stand up, as an angry dog's hair, tlhonya; to stand secnrity for, ema noken; to stand for, or be in the place of' eme!a ; to stand round a. fire, dikanyetsa mo lelii ; to stand afar off, emela kga.kala; to stand side by side, as a.. row of soldiers or rii.Cers, iphapha; a stand for setting things on, setlhiimo. STAN DAIW. A national st.a.ndard, sebOko, Int. ; standard bearer, diketapele tsa. ntwa. SrANDING. A standing or con dition, seemo; a standing-place, boemo, boga.tii. STAR, A. Na.ledi. 'l'he day-star, or morning star, naledi ea bo sa.; the seven stars, selamela. ; stars coming out at dawn, maga.kga.la ; a star or meteor, falling with a noise, sedumedi ; a falling star, naledi e e ra.lafi ; the Southern Cross, thutlwa; a star near the Southern Cross, manake ; constellation west of Southern Cross, thutlwa e na magadi; to twinkle as a star, nyediml\; to lighten up the sky, as a falling star, timegetsa. STARE. To stare at, kalela ma tlhO, gotolela matlhii. STARING. Large, staring eyes, matlho a. dikala. STARLIGHT. Phepa. ea dinaledi. START. To start on a journey, bolola ; to start when on a journey, or from where one has gone, bothologa; to cause to start, bolotsa ; to give a start off, or accompany a little way at starting, buledisa., hele getsa. ; to sta1i at day break, phake!a ; to start early, and before others are up, tlhagega. ; to start in the afternoon, fioba.; to start out, or out of place, betsega.; to start, or be startled, choga., chogomoga. ; to start up trembling, tsitsiboga., tsiboga..

    PAGE 209

    207 SuaTLE,TO. Chosa.. Toterrify, rerera.; to startle game, tlha.ga; to sta.rtle, or cause to shudder, as by throwing water on, etc., tsipola.; to startle, as by com. ing behind one suddenly, ha. hamisa. STARTLED, TO BE. Choga ; cho. gomoga ; to be startled, as game, tlhagega ; to be startled, or terrified, rerega ; to be startled, or nervous, hahamoga; to be startled, or surprised, by an unexpected, or unwelcome event, tlhii!Clwa; to be much startled, nyera ; to be startled, or surprised, chogana ; to dra.w back startled, as at sight of a snake, sisimoga ; to throw one's arms out. as when startled by some one, hahama ; to jump up startled, tsitsiboga, tsi boga. STARVATION. To die of starva tion, gonoga. STARVE. See HUNGER. STATION. A railway station, se teshon (hybrid). STATURE. A man of great sta tore, mokaloba. STAY. To be, nna; to delay, diega ; to sojourn for a short time, tlhiila; to remain behind, sala ; to stay for a purpose, yaka; to stay for a long timetime being mentioned, dika ; to stay a long time, a.s visitors, agelela ; a stay, or support, seikokotlelii. STAYER. A stayer at home, mosalagae. STEAD. In your stead, mo boe mo:ii yoa gago. STEADFAS'r, TO BE. Tlhomama. He is steadfast, o tlhiima.me. SrEADFASTNESS. .Tlhiimamii. S'!'EADY. To be steady, or firm, sisibala; to make steady, or firm1 sisibatsa ; to steady, by putting cushions between, ga re la. Su.A.Jt. A steak, or fteshy piece, legopelo ; eaten iu the kgotia, mawttana. STEAL, To. Ucwa. To st.eal, as cattle from an enemy, gapa; to steal, or plunder, thopa; to steal from, ucwela, gapela; to steal, or take on the sly, kgwatla ; to steal, or pocket, tenetsa ; to steal a portion of food out of a dish, natha., :iiwatha; they steal them, and bring them here, ba di gapela mono ; to steal and eat an animal on the sly, go ya nkabo. STEALTH. To go away by stealth, ikucwa, taamaea ka kukunii. STEALTHILY. To do anything stealthily, ikakuntsha ; to ap proach stealthily, ra.tela, mn ya, kukuna, babea; to creep stea.lthily, ikukunya ; to creep stealthily to, kukune!a. STEAM. Miiea oa metse. SrEEP. To steep, or dip in, ina; a steep ascent, moko:ii; a steep or sudden descent, mokgoko losa. SuM. A leaf stem, kgopu ; a stem of a pumpkin, kg.>thi. STEMBUCK1 A. Phuduhudu. STENCH, A. Sebodu. STEP. A step of stone, or earth, serepudi; a wooden step, sepa lamii ; to step or stride over, tlolaganya ; places for stepping over, matlolaganyii ; a door step, lomiicana ; a step in a bank,lomiicana; a step, or foot step, kgatii ; to step backward, kata ka moragii. SrEPDAUGHTER. Same as daughter. Sl'EPSON. Same a.s son. STERN. Bogale. STEW. Stewed meat, loritii; to stir meat and make stew, rita. STEWARD, A. Molebedi; motla medi. A divider, moabi. STrcK. A piece of a stick, sekii miitwana ; a thin stick, thupa; a thick &tick, thiibane; a stick

    PAGE 210

    208 with a small knob, thOba.ne e tlhOgwana ; a stick with ala.rge knob, mola.mu; the end of a mola.mu, theko ; a walking stick, tmmma. ; a stick put in the nose of a pack-ox, moga.la ; a stick for fire, logoii. ; sticks for fire, dikgoii.; to whittle a stick, tlhokotla ; to stick fast, as a glued board, ii.amana ; to stick fast to, or cleave to, ii.a.pa.rela., kgomarela; to stick fast to, or adhere to, matama, kga.kga.thegela, ma.tare!a ; to stick out, or project, khutlola.. STICKY. Bonyedi; boleta.. STIFF. Sepa.re. To becon'ie stilf, kgwa.ra.lala, tlhama.lala, kwatla.lala. ; to become stilf, or bent up, as fingers in sickness, kgoropa.na.; to become stiff, or erect,. pa.ra.la.la. ; to become stilf, or stillly stretched out, ga.ga.mala. ; I am stilf and tired, as from toil, kea tsena matsa.di, ke tsenye matsa.di; to make stilf, or tight, by pulling, ga.ga.matsa.. STIFLE, TO. Hupetsa. To be stifled, hupela. ; to be stifled by, hupediwa ke. STILL. Sa; sale ; sa.ntse. I am still here, ke sale hano ; they still trouble, ba. sa ntse ba. eh wenya ; he still SJ!eaks, o sa bua.; to be still, or silent, didimala. ; to be qmte still, ip6tla ; to be still, or motionless, totoba.la.; to become still (of wind), kokobela.; when he was still thinking, e rile a sa. ntse a akanya. ; he is still there, o sa ntse a le gona; what do I still lack P ke sa. tlhokaii. P they still do it, ba tlhotse bs. se diha ; thef are still new, di sa ntse di le di ncha; there was still dark ness, ga bo go sa ntse go le lehihi. STILLNEss. Tshisiba.lo. A lull, moholehOle. STING, A. Lobelela. ; lobOlela ; lobOnela. To sting, loma. STINGY. To be stingy, timana; you have been stingf. to us, or stinted us, u re timile ; be is stingy, o seii.oma, o come, o tima.ne, o bobula. ; he is stingy with corn, o seiioma ka mabele. STINK, A. Bodupa.. It stinks, sea bodupa. STINKBLAD PLANT, THE. Mogoia. bosigo. STINT, TO. Tima. To cause to be stinted, timisa. ; to stint, or give stintingly, momotla.. STIR. To stir about, as food in a pot, hudua.; to stir up, or agitate, kgobera.; to stir, or move, as a person under a covering, bukunya., buknnye ga ; to stir up, or incite, tlho tlheletsa. ; to stir np, or arouse, cosa; to stir a fire, or push sticks into it, kgotletsa; to stir well-cooked meat with a pronged stick, rita., shwa.a ; to stir up, or cause a disturbance, heretlba. ; to stir up cooked pap into which milk has been poured, hucwela. STITCH. To sew, roka; to fasten oft' a stitch, konela. ; to unpick stitches, thantholola.. STOCKING, A. Sekaos (hybrid). STOLEN. My oxen have been stolen, ke ga.pecwe dikgomo. STOMACH. A belly, mpa; a paunch, mogodu; the small stomach of an animal, ncho twane ; the pit of the stomach, contents of an animal's stomach, moshwa.ii.; sma.llness of stomach from hunger, lolese; stomach-ache, moga.dikego, kga.dikego ; to have stomach-ache, ga.dikega ; to cause a stomach-ache, gadi ka; to have a full stomach, gogorela.; a child or dog with a full stomach, segogora. ; a sharp, cutting pain in the stomach, motlotsedi ; to have sharp, cutting pains in the stomach, shebetlega. mo ma.leii..

    PAGE 211

    209 STeNE, A. Lencwe. Stones, maye ; a fl.'l.t stone, letlapa; a block of limestone, with holes it it, lenyaphiri ; a large white stone, or rock, leshala ; half of a broken stone with sharp edges, lophatlo ; a sharp stone, or flint, for cutting, lekgethu ; small stones, or gravel, losaga rana ; a stone for rubbing skins with, leii. waelo, legwatane; a heap of piled up stones, or monument, sehikancwe ; small stone, or pebble, lokgarapana, lokgwarapana ; a stone for making ointment for smearing women's faces, codocokwane; stone with sharp edges, and rough, of volcanic origin, le kwakwa; a stone for a pot to rest on, letsbego ; a stone with saw-like edges, makgaege,Int.; stone or pip of berry, or fruit, thaapo ; stones with sharp cutting edges, ma.ye a magwagwa, maye a magagaripa ; to stone with many stones, kgobotle tsa ; a corner stone, mothM oa kgokgocho. STONY. A stony country, lo korwana. STOOD. I stood, ke le ka ema. STOOL, A. Setulo. To go to stool, see MOTION; to stool, as corn, iphara. SrooP. 'fo stoop, so as to look, okomela ; to stoop, as behind a shield, ikhubega; to stoop, as in approaching game stealth ily, kukuna ; to stoop, so as to pass under something, kokobe la, huhomela; to stoop, so as to hide, boba ; to stoop down, inarna, ikhobega, inega tlhogo; to stoop down, as a fowl, ele ga. STOOPING. Having a stooping gait, lokbutlo. STOP. To cease, khutla; to cause to cease, khutlisa ; to stop, or tum the course of, thiba; to stop, or cause to stand, kganela ; to stop a hole with cement, etc., kana ; to stop a hole with a plug, kaba; to stop a hole with a cork, tsiba; to stop a person when speaking, titmya; to stop< as calves from sucking, thibela; to stop, or delay for a time, tlhi>la ; to stop the ears, kaba ditsebe; to stop one's own ears, ikaba ditsebe; to stop at, or ootspsn at, tlhaoleia, thibe bela ; a stop in punctuation, sekganelo, kganelO. SroPPED. To become stopped up, kabala, thibala; his ear is stopped1 o kabetse teeM; his mouth 1s stopped, o thibetse molomo. STORE. To store, or save, boloka. Sroa..:HousE. Ntlo ea polokelo; polokelo; bobolokelo. STORIES. Stories having no foundation, diphaila.ne, ditlha. mane. STORK, A. Tlhaii.we; tlhame. STORll!. A strong wind, sese tlana; a whirlwind, secoacue, seheho ; to storm, or attack, phomegela. STORY, A. Polelo. STOUT. Astoutperson, mokima., motho eo o mokima; he is stout, or thickset, o matlaba.. STOUTNESS. Bokima.. To walk, or work slowly, on account of stoutness, gokgola. STRAIGHT. 'fo be straight, sia ma.; to make straight, sia.misa ; to rectify, kgopolola; to be up right, simala.la; to tear, or cut straight, tsa.rola; a straight line, moralo; to cut, or draw a straight line, ra.la ; to cot straight poles, anyolola; to stretch out straight, as arms, etc., tlha.ma.latsa; to be straight, as a path, etc., tlha. malala, simalala; to go straight, siama.; to go straight to a place, siamela, lolama ; to go straight on, tapalala; to stand 0

    PAGE 212

    210 straight up, topalala, tlhama la.la. STRAIGHTWAY. I will go straight way, ke tla. tloga ke ea, ke tla akoha. ke ea.. STRAIN. To st.rain out, tlhOtlba. STRAI1'. A difficulty, pitlaganii, sekate (hybrid) ; a strait (of water), kgiigiimelo ; to be in a strait, pitlagana. STRAMONIUM PLANT. :Mogolabo sigo. STRANGE. Strange teaching, tbuto ea seeii. A strange, or unusual event, regarded as ominousi.botlbodi; a strange, or foreign thing, selii se sele ; a strange animal, or one with out an owner, keii. STitANGER, A. Moe:ii. To be. come a stranger, e:iihala. STRANGLE, TO. Beta.; beta.dikuco. He will strangle himself, o tla ipeta. ; I will strangle him, ke tla. mmeta dikucii. STRAP, A. Kgiile. To buckle a strap, kopela. STRATAGEM. A device, leanii; an ambush, to.lelii. STRAW. Stai'L:s, metlhaka; stubble, dirite. STRAY, TO. Timela. STREAK. A stripe, moraladi. STREAM. A stream, molapo; a small stream, kelelo, molacwa na, molacana, taca.na ; a side stream in a river, paposane, leciigii; to eject in a stream, cbaba.nya ; to gush out in a stream, cbabauyetsega ; to go down with, or float on a stream, ikeledisa.. S1:REET, A. :Mmila. Streets, mebila. STRENGTH. Tho.ta.; bothata. To lose strength, nonohologa; thatabologa. STRENGTHEN, TO. Thatahataa. 1' o strengthen, or encourage, nametsba, nametsa. STRETCH. To stretch out the hands, iitliiliila diatla; to stretch oneself up on tiptoe, gwalala.; to stretch, or smooth out, a wet skin, :iiamola; to stretch oneself out when sleeping, nama, inamalatsa ; to stretch out, and peg down, a hide, ba.pola ; to stretch out a crumpled skin, kacolola; to stretch oneself back, or stretch out arms from weariness, iko tliiU.la; to stretch out tightly, as a cord, gagamatsa; to stretch the legs wide apart when standing up, hatalatsa maoto ; to stretch out a leg sideways, kaka lekoto ; to stretch the arms out wide, phatlalatsa mabiigo ; to stretch the legs out wide, pbatlalatsa maoto; to stretch, in order to lengthen, shwapola; to stretch out in order to widen, katla; to stretch a line ncross, rapalatsa lodi ; to stretch a leg out in front of some one, namela. STRETCHED. To be stretched across, rapalala; to be stretched out when lying down, namala la, t.lharalala; to be stretched far apart, as legs of a person standing, hatalala; to be stretched tightly, as a cord, gagamala, paralala. STREW, TO. Gasa; halatsa.. 1'o strew near at hand, kubuela.. STRIDE. To stride, or step over, tlolaganya ; to stride, or take a long stride, tlhaetsa dina.O ; a stride, tlha.eco ea dinaii. STRIFE. Kga:ii ; chukachukanii. There is strife, or discussion, go kga:ii ; to be at strife with each other, lotlhana, ganetaan ya, sbukashukana; to stir up stories of an old strife, cosa diletseii. STRIKE. See BEAT. To strike very bard, tsibega ; to strike, and knock down, ntaPa, ditaea; to strike with the open hand, hop ha, ba.ila; to strike or slap, haphola ; to strike hard with a

    PAGE 213

    211 thick stick, tsekaganya, gatla, rntba; to strike, and wound slil{htly on the head, onya ; to stnke a near object, kokobetsa.; to strike a match, hetlba, kgwara ; to strike from side to side with a stick, pu tla ; strike wit.h a thin stick, betsa ; to strike hard with a downward movement, tlatsea ; to strike with a fist, stick, etc., tlhanya, setla ; to strike a side blow with open hand, phaila ; to strike so as to make a large gaping wound, arola; strike with stick, etc., and wound, nba, yanya; to strike with a foot, tin, etc., ra.ga; to strike oneself on the breast, ititaea sebuba; to strike, as a giipane with its tail, chumpula ka. mogatla; to strike with a fist, as in boxing, iiata ka lecwele, kgiitla ka lecwele. hotlha; to strip the peel off sweet reed, obola. STRIPE, A. Mokbisa ; mora\adi. A stripe in colours, motbaladi ; a stripe in beating, pecii; thupa. STRING. A string or rope, tba pii; thin string made of chewed bark, thodi ; thick string made of chewed bark, mogala; string made of unchewed bark, kgobata; a piece of bark for mak ing string, lodi; to descend in a string. as cattle from a hill, repologa. STRINGENT. To make stringent, or establish, tlhiimamisa. STRING'S HANGING AS AN APRON BEFORE GIRLS. Makgabe. STRIP. A strip of land, sebata sa lehatshe ; a strip of cloth, sebata; a strip of a ragged garment, lekgasa; a strip of dried meat, motlhokolocii ; a strip of pap, etc., left in a dish, motbaladi ; a long strip of something, cwaketla; to strip otf inner bark for string, huma lodi ; to strip otf an upper gar ment, apola; to strip off a lower garment, cola; to strip, or throw otf clothes, anyoga ; to strip otf bark, kwatabolotsa; to strip off leaves with a hand, STRIPED. Striped and coloured, as a field mouse, meretii. STRIPPED. Stripped, as a stick, or as a person bereft, lohorotlo. STRIVE, TO. Ganela; lwa. To strive with, ganela le, shuka shuka, sholtashoka; to strive together, shukashukana, sho kasholrana, emalalana le, gana lana, ganelana, ganetsanya ; strive to enter, ganelaii go tsena; to strive together in talk, busabusanya. STROKE. A heavy stroke, titeo, senteii ; he has bad a paralytic stroke in one side, o shule mo hama; to stroke a dog, etc., shola. STRONG. Thata. To become strong, thatahala; to make strong, thatabatsa; to be too strong for, hekeetsa; strong or energetic, kwanatla.; a strong person, motho eo o thata. STRONGHOLD, A. Kagii ea phe melii .. STRUCK. He was struck by a falling stone, o la. a gatlwa ke lencwe; he was struck by a stone thrown, o la a gatlwa ka lencwe. STRUGGLE. To struggle as a dying animal, ikiitlela; to struggle together, shukashu kana. STUBBLE. Stubble of grass, or wheat, dirite; stubble of mea lies and Kaffir corn, ditbitii ; stubble, or root stalk, of sweet reed, serine. STUBBORN. To become stub born, kakabala, shiiniilega, iia loga; he is stubborn, o tlhiigo e thata, o logwadi, o sekaba tsebe, o kgopo. STUBBORN ONE, A. Mofiala.

    PAGE 214

    212 STUBBORNNESS. Logwadi, bo tlhogot>thata. STUDENT, A. Morutwi; moru twana. STUDY. .A st.udy, or reasoning, seakanyo. STUMBLE. To stumble, and nearly fall, kgokgweetsega; to stumble, or cause oneeelf to be tripped up, ikgopa; to cause another to stumble, or trip him up, kgokgweetsa ; mind you don t stumble, lo itise gore le se kgopege. STUMBLING, A. Kgopi>; kgo. kgweetsegii. .An occasion of stumbling, kgopishii. STUMBLINGBLOCK, A. Sekgopii; sekgopishii ; sekgopi ; kgopi shii. STUMP. A stump of a tree, still standing, sesipi; a small stump of a tree, sesichwana; a stump, or root, sticking out of the ground, sesa, sesana; a thick stump of wood, or log, lotlha rapa; a small, thick log, lotlharapana ; a short, thick block of wood, sekiimiita, mokasa; to remove a stump, either by pulling up, or break ing off, kgogola. STUN. To knock down, and stun, iiata. STUNNED. To be stunned, iia tega ; to come to, after being stunned, rulwa; he has come to, o rudil we; to start up trembling, after being stunned, tsitsiboga, tsiboga. STUPID. To make stupid, silo hatsa, tseantsha; he is stupid, o tseanye; he is stupid, or foolish, o leatlhamana ; they are stupid, or foolish, ba ma atlhamana. STUPIFIED. To be stupified, or giddy, dimokana; to be stupi fied, and unable to think, as after sickness, tiikiimela. STUPIFY. To stupify, or make giddy, dimokanya; to stupify, or make unable to think, toko metsa. STUPOR, A. Timokanyii. STUTTER, TO. Kwakwetsa; koa koetsa. STY. A pig's sty, serubi sa ko lobe. SUBDUE, TO. Henya. To be subdued, heiiwa. SUBMISSION. Boinelii. SUBMISSIVE. To listen to re proof, kgwatialala ; kotsia lala. SUBMIT, TO. lnela; utlwa. SUBSIDE. To subside, as a flood, cha; to subside, as a full sack becoming empty, iiiibilla; to subside or brellik up, as a sick ness, tlhasa. SUBSTANCE. A person's sub stance, or patrimony, loruii, pl. dithuii. SUBSTANTIAL. Substantial food, diyii tse di loileii. SUBTILTY. Treachery, moiikii; deceit, tsieco. SUBTRACT. Ntsha; hokotsa. SUBTRACTION. Phokocii. SUBVERT, TO. Thulega. SuccEED. To come after, hula.ra, rulara ; to succeed better tha.n another, gaisa; he was suc ceeded by, o la a salwa ke; to succeed, or conquer, henya; to succeed, or follow each other, as months, tlha.tlologana.. SuccEss. Phenyo. SuccESSION, A. Tha.hotsanyii. To follow in succession, ra.ho tsanya. Succoua. To help, thusa; to succour in a strait, elamela. SuccoUREK, A. Mokokotletsi; mothusi ; motlamedi. SucH. Such teachings, dithutii tse di ntseii ya.lo ; such words, mahoko a a ntse:ii yalo; such is life, botshelii bo ntse hela. yalo ; such and such an one, molebelebe, ma.iimaii; such a.nd such a thing, nnetlane, nnetla, aennanne; such and

    PAGE 215

    213 such a. place, bolebelehe ; to such a.ud such a. man, kwa go molebe; such and such a city, motse oa bole he. SucK. To suck, as a. sweetmeat, etc., mono.; to suck, a.s a.n in fant, anya. ; the child has sucked,ii.wa.na. o a.nyile; to suck, as a. calf, rokotsa. ; to suck one self, as a. cow sometimes does, ika.nya.; to suck marrow from a. bone, gosetsa. ; to suck up, as cattle, a small quantity of water, gopa; to suck matter from a sore, gopa.; to suck up water through a. reed, etc., muna., Int. ; to suck a nipple, as an infant, mokoua. SucKER. Bee SPROUT. SucKLE. To suckle a. child, or give suck, a.musa. SuDDEN. Choga.neco. SUDDENLY. Ka. choganeco, ka ponyi> ea leitlho. ro come suddenly upon, choganetsa. SuET. Letlbana.ma. SUFFER, TO. Boga; utlwa. bo tlhoko. To cause to suffer, bogisa, utlwisa. bothoko; suffer me to speak, mma. ke bue; to suffer, or allow, lesa, leseletsa ; to suffer or permit, leseletsa. SunE&INGS. Dipogo; dipogishO. SUFFICIENT, TO BE. Lekana. It is sufficient, go lekanye ; it is not sufficient, ga. goa lekana ; sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof, letsatsi le le kanywe ke bosbula yoa yeiina. SUFFOCATE, TO. Hupetsa. SUFFOCATED. To become suffo cated, hupela, hupa moea; they were suffocated, ba le ba hupela moea; to be suffocated by, hupediwa ke. SuiCIDE. 'l'o commit suicide, ipolaea ; a suicide, moipolai eo o sa lelelweii.. SUITABLE, TO BE. Chwanela. A suitable opportunity, lobaka loa tebaii.; those which are suitable, and those which are not suitable, tse di lebanyeii., le tse di sa. lebana.ii.. SULKY, TO BE. Kbutloga.. SuLLJ:N. Kgopo. Asullenper son, leii.oii.obi. SULLY, TO. Lesbweba.tsa. Su:&t:IIIED. To be summed up, or comprehended, tlhakancwe, shobokancwe. SUMMER. Selemo. In summer, selemo. SUMMIT, A. Tlbora. SuMMON. To call, bitsa; to call for any purpose' epa ; to call to a. meeting, epa pico. SUMMONS, A. Taleco. An official summons, takafara (hybrid). SuN, THE. Letsa.tsi. To rise, or appear, as the sun, tlhaba; to arise or ascend, of the sun, tlhatloga. ; to set, of the sun, phirima, kolomela, kotlome!a; to sit, or lie in the sun, sekamela letsatsi, a.ramela letsatsi ; to lie towards the sun, sekamela kwa tsatsiii.; to take shelter from the sun, kwaea; to warm oneself in the sun, ikgotetsa mo letsatsiii. ; to be very hot, of the sun, le la ; heat of the sun, mogote oa letsa.tsi ; slight warmth, of the sun, moga.nonyana oa letsatsi; when the sun set upon them, e re ba pbirimei Wa ke letsatsi ; be causes the sun to rise upon them, o tlhabisa letsatsi mo go bona ; to smite, as the heat of the sun, babalela, Int. SUNRISE. Botlha.bO yoa letsatsi. Just before sunrise, bo sa., bo sele. SuNSET. Bopbirirno yoa letsatsi. About sunset, maitsiboea.. SUPERIOR. Memelele. lt is superior to the other, se thwadi mo go se seii.we, sea ga.isa se seii.we. SUPERSCRIPTION, A. Sekwa.lo. SUPERSTITIOUS. To regard with superstitious fear, or dread, ila. SuPPER, A. Selalelo; modiho oa ma.itsiboea.

    PAGE 216

    214 SuPPLANT. To deceivP, tsiet>a. SuPPLE. To be supple, as a brayed skin, shwela; to make supple, sh wedisa. SUPPLICATE, TO. Kokotlela; rapilleJa. SUPPLICATION, A. ThapeJelo; morapelo. An importunate supplication, mokiikiitlelo. SUPPLY. To give, na.ea; to supply with food, thelesetsa, phumu setsa. SUPPORT. To support, or bold up, kolrotletsa ; to support, or hold up between arms or hands, kakamara ; to support, or help in a difficulty, elamela ; to sup port oneself, by leaning on a staff, itlhabetsa; to support by feeding, otla; a support, seiko kot.lelo. SUPPORTER, A. Mokokotletsi. SUPPOSE. Ekete ; ntla. I sup pose, or think, kea gopola; to suppose, itlhoma. SURE. Sure enough, kaitsane; I am sure, ka amarure. SURELY. Kaitsane; ka amarure; aitse. He will surely die, o tla shwela rure, o tla shwa rure ; he will surely go away, o tla tsamaela rure. SURETY, A. MotlhOmamisi. SuRFACE. To appear above the surface, unya, kukunya; to rise to the surface, biloga ; to rise above the smface, as proud flesh, bE>tologa. Sual!EIT, To. Tena. I am sur feited by, ke tenn we ke ; kea tenwa ke; it has surfeited him, se mo tenne. SuRLY. Kgopi). A surly person, leiioiiobi. SURMISE, TO. Shwaba. SuRNAME, TO. Reta. He who is surnamed,eo o retilweii, eo o okeledioweii leina; a surname, mareto. SHRPASij. See EXCEL. See ASTONISH. SURPRISED. To be surprised, or startled, ; he wa.s sur prised, o la a chogana; to be surprised by an unlooked-for, or unwelcome event, tlhiilelwa.. SuRROUND, TO. Diko.; bola. They will surround him, ba tla mo dikanyetsa, ba tla mo ko koretsa, ba tla mo dikelPtsa ; to surround, a.s by a hedge, di keletsa. ; to surround, as by n.n army, nnela seduledi; they surrounded, or shut oft' the mountain by a hedge, ba le ba dikanyeletsa lencwe ka logora; we were sutTounded by a crowd, re le ra dikelwa ke bontsi. SURVIVE, TO. Phela. To cause to survive, phedisa ; to escape from danger, thelela. SURVIVOR, A. Mophedi; lesalela; mosale; a sole surviving child, iiwana oa mabu. SusPEND. 'l'o cause to hang down, lepeletsa. SusPENDED. To hang down, lepelela ; to hang over on the other side, tsetlamela; to swing, as a spider, akgega. SUSPICION. Pelaelo; SUSPICIOUS. To doubt, belaela; to conjecture, ka.bakanya. SUSTAIN. See SUPPORT. SusTENANCE. Kotlii. SWALLOW, A. Pelwane; phei waue; to swallow, meteo., ko dumetsa ; to swallow without much chewing, theneketso. ; to swallow a small thing, ko metsa; to swallow a liquid quickly, kalo.metsa, kampetsa; to swallow anything that is chewed, or a thing difficult to swallow, gwet.so.; to swallow or gulp down a liquid, kgatholela; to swallow without chewing, metsa eseii ka go tlhahuno.. SwAMP, A. Leho.tshe ya dico biitla. SwARM. To swarm or climb, palama; to swarm with, or be full of, nyeula; the meat

    PAGE 217

    215 swarms with maggots, nama. ea. nyeula. diboko, diboko dia. nyeula. mo nameii. ; to swarm about, a.s flies, boka.nela. ; a swarm of young things or children, losa.isai; a swarm of locusts, leshogodi ya ditsie ; p, swarm of bees, motshitohi oa dinotshe. SwAY. To sway, as corn or trees in the wind, ebela, tsebea, ebelega; to sway, as water boiling, herelela, tlhanasela. ; to cause to sway, or wave, as the wind a candle, heheutla; to sway, or move oneself from side to side while sitting, ichu nuka; to sway from side to side, as a person running, or a weak pet-son, kubitla ; to cause to sway, as the wind a tree, ebedisa; to sway, or be swung, akgega. SWEAR. To take an oath, ikana; to swear to, or unto, ikanela ; to swear falsely, ikana ka maaka ; he sware unto him, o la a mo ikanela; to use obscene language, roga. See l'ERSPIRE. SWEEP. Tosweep,hi\ela; !have swept, ke heetse ; to sweep otf, or remove with open band, pbaila; sweep off, as a pesti lence, laila. SWEEPINGS. See RUBBISH. SwEET. Botshe. Sweet wine, boyalwa yo bo botsbe; sweet water, metse a a monate. SWEE'fEN. To sweeten, as with sngar, etc., cwaisa. SWEETNESS. Botshe. Without sweetness, securucuru. SWEETS, or SWEETMEATS. Le ker gut (hybrid). SWELL, TO. Ruruga; popoma; khumpoga ; kamuga. To swell out, as a sack when being filled, buduloga; to cause to swell out, as a sack, budulosa; to swell out, as food in cookery, kokomoga.; to swell through congestion of blood and serum, gamakela.; to swell up in the shape of a mushroom, kbum pologa ; to swell up, as a dead animal, gogomoga, popomala.. SwELil'ED. Mahelepe. Swelled and bruised through being beaten, mahupuhupu; swelled or bloated, sekautsa; he is swelled, or bloated, o sekantsa. SWELLING. Thurugii; pudulogii ; popoma. A swelling like a wen, boshwa; a swelling or lump, borurusa, boruruga ; swellings with spaces between them, makukunopu; an isolated swelling, kgorogoba; a swelling caused by a blow, lehupu; a wateryswelling,magamugamu; a painful swelling of the glands, or mumps, lenyediana; a little swelling sometimes seen above the navel, tshikiri ; a swelling found chiefly in the groin, or bubo, lobotsare. SwEPT. Heecwe. SwrFT. Boheho. He is swift to speak, o bobeho g.:> bua ; to be swift, behoga. SWIPTLY. Ka boheho; ka bonakii. To run swiftly, see RuN. SwiLL. To swill out a vessel, cokotsa. Swni, TO. Sapa; hara, lnt. To float, kokobala. SwiNE. See Pw. SWING'. To swing a thing, akga. To swing, 01 be swinging, a.kgega. SwiSH. 'fo swish a tail about, as an angry giipane, cupuetsa mogatla; to swish a tail, as a horse troubled with flies, ipoka, icoka; to swish a tail, as a cat, or tiger, ikiita. Swrrca, A. Thupa; mpa. SwooN, A. Maibi; mofiategii. He is in a swoon, o ii.ategile, o chwerwe Jw maibi. SwooP. To swoop down, as a hawk, cuulala..

    PAGE 218

    216 SwoRD, A. Sabel (hybrid). A battle-axe, chaka.. SWUNG, TO BE. Akgega. SYCOPHANT. To act the part of a sycophant iii.odisa. SYMBOL, A. Sechwancho. SYMPATHIZE. To pity, utlwela botlhoko, tlhomola pelo ; to feel in sympathy with each other, utlwana; to feel in sympathy with them, utlwana nabo. Sn!PATHY. Kutlwelo botlhoko, kutlwano; boutlwelo botlhoko. SYNAGOGUE, A. Senagoge (hy. brid). SYPHILIS. Tlosolo,lnt. Disease caused by syphilis, mataabane; sore, or ulcer, caused by syphi lis, chuchwa. T. TABLE, A. Lomati. A table for putting things on, aebeo; a table for food, seyelo. TAcK. To tack together, as in sewing, tlhabisa. 'l"AIL, A. Mogatla. Tail of a hare, kOpo ; the tip of a tail, boloka ; animal with a very short tail, mokoto ; animal with no tail, bogonoko ; to beat the ground with tail, and hence bewitch, tuba; to wag a tail, ota ; the dog wags its tail, nca ea ota mogatla, nca ea ikota ka mogatla; hair of tail of a horse, etc., seditse ; to strike with a tail, as a gopane, chumpula ka mogatla ; to swish the tail about, see SWISH. TAKE, TO. Tsaea. I have taken it, ke se tseile, ke se taere ; to take a thing offered, amogela; take! mme! come here, and take chwa to take place, dihala, dihahala ; to take hold of, eh wara.; to take by author ity, or by force, to take from by force, gapela; to take away, or remove, tlosa; to take out, ntsha; to take out a handful, spoonful, etc., tabola; to take out two haodfnls, tabola gabedi ; to take more than one has received permis sion to take, gagapa. ; to take without measuring, or in a large quantity, lealetsa; to take a thing out of water, inola; to take anything out of a fire, ogola ; to take meat out of a too full pot, tlha.tlo lola ; to take out, or pull out with finger and thumb, tomola ; to take out a thorn, pole, etc., tlhomola ; to take out by hook ing, gonya; to take out a thing from under other things, or from under soil, tsbelola; to take anything off the head or feet, rola ; to take anything off one's own head or feet, ithola ; to take back, through strife, what one had given, tl h waea ; to take a pot off a. lire, tlhatlola ; to take one thing off another, tlhatlolo ganya ; to take off an upper garment, as a coat, apola ; to take off a lower garment, as trousers, cola ; to take down, pagolola, lesholola. ; to take care of, disa; to take care of, or carry carefully, C\vacwaela ; to take notice, lepa, elatlhoko ; to take all the things ont of a place, una; to take a thing without the owner's permis sion, or against his will, amoga; to take, or deprive of, tlha kola ; to take everything that can be taken, riripa; to take up that which is spread out, alola; to take up, or lift up, choletsa ; to take, or cause to go, isa ; to take to, or cause to go to, isetsa ; to take a woman to wife, tsa.ea mosa.di ; to take from or deprive of, tsee!a; to take notice of, tlhOkomela ; to take breath, after violent exer-

    PAGE 219

    217 cise, kgwa seche, kgwa. se chane; to take off, or move one person off another, gatoaa; take me, or move me off, nkga.toaa. ; to take or move a thing off me, nkga.tosholola; to take out a little l of food), etc., tlhopora ; to take oneself out, intaha ; to take a thorn out of oneself, itlhomola; to take away from, or diminish, hokotsa., okocolola. ; to take out of a thing, or place, ra.ha; to take out food for a head man, ra.hola; to take out little by little, ra.hola ; to take off the dikgoha when winnowing, akgola ; to take out, or push sand, when digging a hole, keolola ; to take in, or pull in, a rope, gwa.ea; to take any thing out of an eye, hatlholola. ; to take anything out of an eye with the tongue, la.ba.; to take, or steal a little food out of a dish, natha, iia.tha. TAKEN. 'rhe tree has taken two years to grow, setlhare se ye le dinya.ga di le pedi mo go golefi. TALE. A tale, or story, polelo. TALEBEARER, A. Mornni ma hoko, mornni oa ma.hoko. TALES. Idle tales, dit.lhamane; tales without foundation, di phaila.ne ; to tell tales of a person, onela. TALK. Puo. To talk, bua.; to talk to, bua le ; to talk over, or discuss a matter' rera. ; to talk clamorously, lelenya.; to talk incessantly, bera., ba.labala, popotla, kgerega., porotleia ; to talk loudly, gele betega ; to talk loudly, or rave, as a drunken man, phokelela. ; to talk confusedly, as several talking at the aa.me time, kwala.nya, tla.a.tla.a. ; confused talk as of several talking together, kebe, kebekebe ; to talk much, and without regard to truth, ithama.ka. ; to talk in a language not known to hearer, chOma ; to talk without effect, ka.elela; a person of much talk, motho oa. sephoko. TALKATIVE. A talkative person, motho oa. aephoko. TALL. Telele; molele. A very tall man, lotlha.opa lo lo lele ; the tree is very tall, setlhare se shwapogetse kwa godimo, se ahwatogetse kwa godimo. TALLNESS. Telele; botelele. TAME. Bokgwa.bo. To tame, katisa., kgwabohatsa, tha.ntsha, kgobala.tsa; to become tame, kgwabohala; tame(of animals), as opposed to wild, ea gae, ea legae. TAN. Bas(hybrid), To put in tan, basa (hybrid); to bray, shuga.. TANGLED. See ENTANGLED. 'l'ANNER, A. Moshugi. TANTALIZE. To tantalize by offering something, and then refusing to give it, komako metsa., konkometsa.. TAP. To tap once, kgwanya., kh wanya, konya.; to tap again and again, kgwanyakgwanya, khwanyakhwauya, konya.konya. TAPERING. Ntlha; ntlhaua. TAPEWORM, A. Khumela. 'l'ARANTULA, A. Selaledi ; selialii. TARES. Mohoka; mhoka. 'l'ARNISHED, 'l'O BECOME. Kgona. It is tarnished, se kgonne. TARRY, TO. Diega; tlhola.; ema.erna. To tarry for a long time, time being specified, dika. TAsK, A. Tiho. '!'ASK-MASTER. Mogobagobetsi. 'l'AS'l'E. To taste, utlwa, leka.; to taste with a finger, mona ka mon wana; to taste nice, or be palatable, loelela ; a taste, or flavour, molodi, moutlwalo, lonko. TASTED. Bad-tasted, mothugo;

    PAGE 220

    218 bad-tasted water, metse a mothugo. TASTELESS. Securucuru; mo cola ; ribe. To become taste less, cwapoga, tlhanyega. TAsn, To BE. Loelela. To make tasty, loeletsa. TATTERS. Maros ; makgasa ; maphaga ; makgasana. TATroo, TO. Ranya. TAUGHT, TO BE. Rutwa. Taught of, rutwy. ke. TAUNT. Noiiola; gakata. TAX, A. Lekgetho; kgethelO; opgaf (hybrid). To pay a tax, kgetha ; to tax, kgethisa; to pay a tax to, kgethela; they paid the tax with an ox, ba le ba kgetha ka kgomo ; a tax: of corn paid to the chief for the entertainment of visitOrs, and for rain-making, dikgahela. TAXGA'rHERER, A. Mophuthi oa lekgetho. TEACH, TO. Ruta. To teach oneself, ithuta. TEACHER, A. Moruti. TEACHING. Thuto. The end or effect of teaching, thuthelelo. TEAR. A tear from the eye, keledi; to shed tears, lela, seka dikeledi; he has shed tears, o itshekile dikeledi ; smudgy traces of tears on face, sekga matha; to remove the traces of tears, tlhapa sekgamatha. TEAR. A tear or rent, kgagogo; to tear, gagoga; to tear much, gagoganya ; to tear with the teeth, or hands, garola ; to tear with the nails, tsarola; it will tear, or become rent, se tla gagoga ; to tear to pieces r .. venously, as dogs, gagautlha; to tear asunder, or pnll a.sun der, kakabolosa ; to tear by pulling, as a rotten rag, kga molola; to tear off, rutla ; he will tear his clothes, o tla ikgazola diaparo; to tear off, or bite off, a piece of meat, holding it in the hand, buna; to tear each other, as dogs and animals when fighting, tatau-lanB. TEASE, TO. Chwenya. To voke, rumola, shua, kgekge1sa; to tease each other, eh wenye tsanya ; to tease, or pull to pieces, thantholola. TEASEL. The wild teasel plant, tlhashunyele. TEAT, A. Letsele. A hole in a teat, thoba ; to swell, as of a cow about to calve, siga. ma. TEE'rH. Meno. My teeth, meno a me ; to show the teeth, sheoa meno ; to gnash the teeth, huranya meno ; to pick one's teeth, itukula; to take something out of another person's teeth, dulmla; to set the teeth on edge, as a rasping noise, sisimosa ; to become blunt, as teeth, by eating sour things, dilahala; bluntness of teeth through eating sour things, bodila. TELEGRAPH. Tl'IPgrafe (hybrid). 'l'elegraph pole, pole ea tele grafe (hybrid) ; telegraph wire, thodi ea telegrafe. TELL. 'l'o tell, bolela; to tell to, bolelela ; to cause to kn01v, itsise; to cause to hear, utlusa; to tell the chief about him, go mmclelela kgllsi ; to t"ll secret news, lotlega; to tell to an other what one does not want to be responsible for, lotlegela; to tell the news, kakanya ; to tell secretly to, or whisper to, hohonyetsa. TELLER. A teller of news, mmodi; tellers, babodi. TEMPER. He was in a bad tem per, o la a khutloga. TEMPERANCE. lkgapho; ikgapo. 'l'EMPERATE. To restrain one self, ikgapha, ikgapa l let them be temperate, a ba ne tekaoo. TEMPESl'. A strong wind, sese tlana.

    PAGE 221

    219 TEMPLE, A. Tempela (hybrid). TEMPORARILY. 'l'o put grass on roof, or sticks for hedge tem porarily, akametsa. TEll PT, To. Rae!a; leka; lalela. 'l'o tempt by speech, raela ; to lie in wait, with a view to catch, !ale la ; to place a trap for, tbae!a. TEMPI'ATION. Thaelo; teko; talelo. TEMPI'ER, A. Moraedi; molaledi. TEN. Ten sheep, dinku di shomc ; the sheep are ten, din ku di le shome ; the ten, ba ba shome ; ten towns, metse e le shome ; ten, or an equal number of tens, boretbiti. TEY D. To tend cattle, disa; to wait on the sick, oka; to watch, !eta. TENDER. Soft, nolo; tender(of food and disposition), bornma; very tender (of meat much cooked), nyera ; it is very ten der, e nyerile ; to make very tender, nyerisa; tender, or young, nana; young or tender corn, mabe!e a ma nana ; a tender twig, thupa e nana. TENDER-HEARTEDNESS. Bopelonolo ; pelonamagadi ; bJpe lonomi; bopelotlhomogi. TENDRIL, A. 'J.'haapo. '!'ENT, A. Tenta (hybrid). TENTH, 'fHE. Oa bo shome; sa bo shome. TEPID. Motll1a. TERMINATE. See FINISH. TERRIBLE. It is terrible, go boitshega; in terrible, or fearful circumstances, mo mashweii; that which is terrible, se se boitshegaii. TERRIFIED, TO BE. Rerega. TEIIKIFY, TO. Rera; boitsha. To startle, chosa. TERRoR. Therego; poiohO; choshO. TEST, TO. Leka. 'l'ESTICLE, A. Lerete. Used as a curse. TESTIFY, TO. Shupa; ka.ea. To testify of, shupa kaga; to tes tifyfalsely,pampa; theytestify falsely about me, ba mpampa ; one who testifies, moshupi; mokaea. TESTIMONY. Chupo. To bear testimony to, shupa kaga. TETKARCH, A. 'J.'eterareki (hy brid). TEXT. A small plot, temana. TEXTURE. Light, or thin in texture, lokgehe, lotsatsa. THAN. Bogolo go. This stick is stronger than that, thupa e e thata bogolo go ele. THANK, TO. Leboga. To thank some one for, lebogela, itume le!a ; we thank for rain, rea leboga pula; I thank you for it, kea gu e lebogCla. THANKFUr.. I am thankful, kea leboga. THANK-OFFERING, A. Tebogii, pZ. malebogo, ditehogo. THANKSGIVING. BoitumeleJo. 'l'HA"r. Ha. I know that he will come, kea itse ha o tla tla; that knife, thipa euii; that knife yonder, thipa ele ; in order that, gore; in order that they may enter, gore ba ts(mc; that is to sa.v, ke go re, go twa; that I may buy, gore ke reke, (future) gore ke tie ke reke j that I may not buy, gore ke se reke, (future) gore ke tie ke se ka ka reka j is it that, etc. p a ke go re, etc. P that is all, ke gona gotlhe ; that is all I know, ke giina mo ke go itseii gotlhe. Trurcn, TO. Rulela. Thatch, or materials for thatching, di rule!O; a thatch peg, tlhabela, setlbabela ; a stick for thatch ing on to, lobalelo, pZ. dipale!o; to bind round the edge of a house thatch at top, biiha ; at bottom, balela ; a binding round the bottom of a house thatch, lobalelii.

    PAGE 222

    220 THAW, TO. Tlhapologa. THE. No separate word. The knife, thipa ; the two trees, ditlhare tse pedi ; Herod the king, Herote kgosi, Herote oa. kgosi. THEI!l. Gu; wena. I will beat thee, ke tla gu betsa ; I say thee, ke raea wena. THEF'r, Bogodu. THEIR. Bona; cona; eona, etc.; their food, diyo tsa bona ; their shepherd,modisaoacona; their people, ba ga gabo. THEM. Ba; di, etc. I love them, kea ba rata ; I will feed them, ke tla di yesa. THEMSELVES. The people them selves, batho le bona; the sheep themsAI ves, dinkn le cOna. THEN. Ke gona; ediha gona, followed by verbs ending in ii. Then, or at that time, or junc ture, ka lobaka louo, hoii, boo; then I shall know, ediha gona ke tla itseii, ke gona ke tla itse, mancho ke tie ke itse; when I am weak, then I am strong, eare ha ke le bokoa, e be e le gona ke nonohileii. THENCE. Hoii, koii. Whet) I returned thence, e rile ke boea. koii. THERE. Hoii, gona. Yonder, hale; I was there, ke le ke le gona, ke le ke leeo ; I was not there, ke le ke se giina., ke le ke se eeo ; there is nothing, ga. gona sepe ; that there is nothing, ha go sena sepe, ha go se sepe ; there was no wind, ga. bo go se na phehii, go le go se na pheho ; there will be no food, ga. go ketla go noa diyo ; there came a boy, ga tla mosi mane, ga. ba ga tla mosimaue ; I am taking them there, ke di isa ka gona; there is a call, go pico ; there is water and grass, go le metse le boyaii; 1there stood, ga. bo go em e. THEREli'ORE. Ke gona. There fore I say, ke gona ke reii, ke gooa ka re. THESE. Ba; tse, etc. These people, hatho ba ; these stones, maye a, maye wa. THICK. Kima; ima. ; kwena. To become thick, imahala ; thick walls, dimota. tee di kwen neii; to become thick, as pap, liia; to make thick, as pap, loisa ; the pap is thick, bogiibe bo loile; to become very thick, as overcooked pap, iianya; it is very thick, bo nantse, bo seiiaiia ; to be thick, as corn1 bushes, rash, etc., cuba, ts1tsipologa; the pus is thick, or ripe, boladu bo bo tute; thick in consistency, as tar when poured out, lepologa., bolepolepo ; to become thick or dense, kwena; the skin is thick, letlalo le kwenne. THICKET, A. Sekgwa. An im penetrable thicket, secwacwa ; opening, or place not dense, in a thicket, matsagale. THICKLY. Seima. To come out thickly, as a rash, tsitsipo loga; to sow thickly (of corn), go yala motlele. THICKNESS. Bokima. Denseness, bokweno. THICKSET. Matlaba; sepoa. THIEF, A. Legodu; leiioiiobi. A confirmed thief, lesetlha. THIGH, A. Serope. Thigh bone, see BONE. The upper and in ner part of a woman's thigh, lopara; to slap oneself on t.he thigh, ikopa serope. THIN. Sesane; tshesane. Thin, or poor in flesh, mokoduwe; to become thin, or poor in flesh, ota., bopama, kodua.la ; to be come thin, or shrivelled, bodu ma; to thin, by plucking out or off, hntlha; to thin out growing grain, mnmula ; thin in tex ture, lotsatsa, lokhehe. THING, A. Selo; seo. Things,

    PAGE 223

    221 dilo, dio ; a certain thing, selo se:ii.we. THINGUlllliiYBOB (name forgot ten). Nnetla; nnetlane. THINK, TO. Gopola; itlhoma. To consider, lemoga; to cause to think, gopodisa, gopotsa ; to think a lot of, or rely upon, kgantsha; I think, kea gopola, ekete, ekote, erete, erote ; to think upon, :ii.oka; to think little of, or despise, nyatsa; to think, or reflect, akanya ; I think it is so, ke itlhoma go ntse yalo, ke itlhomane go ntse yalo ; to think a great deal of oneself, or be proud, horega; to think of onesel, or regard oneself as being, ikaea ; to think of oneself, ikgopola. THINNESS,from hunger, popamo. THIRD, THE. Oa bo raro ; sa ho raro ; ea boraro. The third part, seraro. THIRST. Lenyora. To thirst for, nyorelwa; to quench the thirst by drinking a little, nona locwalo. THIRSTY, TO BE. Nyorwa. I am thirsty, ke nyoril we, ke bolai l we ke lenyora ; a thirsty one, monyorwi; the thirsty, ba ba lenyora. THIRTEEN. Thirteen sheep, di nku di shome di cwa ka di tharo. THIRTY. Mashome mararo. No, affixed to the particles, yeno, ono, etc. ; particles after the nouns. This knife, thipa e ; this person, motho eo ; is this all ? a ke yona yotlhe yo ? a ke shona shotlhe se, etc. ; when they knew this, e rile ba itse mo; and this will we do, memo tla go diha:ii.. THISTLE. .A. kind of thistle, sitlwasitlwane. THITHER. Ho:ii. ; ko:ii.. THONG, A. Kgole. .A. small thong, kgoyana. THORN, A. Mutlwa. Thorns, mitlwa, a dubbelje doorn, tshetlho ; to take out a thorn for some one, tlhomola; to become broken off, as a thorn in the flesh, kgomogela ; to break off a thorn in the flesh, kgomose tsa; to scratch, as a thorn, :ii.apa. THORN TREE. Red camel thorn tree, mokala, pl. makala, many, lokala; white camel thorn tree, mooka, pl. maoka, many, looka; a small white camel thorn tree, mookana ; a white camel thorn bush, lorwa na ; thorn bush, with small hooked thorns, mo:ii.ana ; thorn bush with long thorns and small hooked thorns, moku ; a wait a bit thorn bush, or hakdoorn, mokgalo, mokalaba ta ; a very small thorn bush, with leaves and fruit, like the mokgalo, mokgalohatshe. THOROUGHLY. To do anything thoroughly, or go through with it, shwalolela, shwalelela. THosE. Bauo ; tseuo, etc. Those people, batho bauo ; those names, maina auo ; those yonder, bale, ale, etc. ; those things which are found, dilo tse di bonwa:ii.; those people who went away, batho ba, ba ba le la tsamaea ; those who will be his people, ba e tla nna:ii. batho ba gagwe. THou. Wena; u. THOUGH. Leha. As though, yaka, yake ekete. THOUGHT, A. Kgopolo; mogo polo. An intention, boitlho mo ; I thought, ke le ka gopo la; I have thought, ke goputse; he was thought, o la a kaiwa ; to have such a thought, go di hana le mogopolo o o ntse:ii. yalo ; it is thought, goa go polwa; to have anxious thought, tlalelwa. THOUSAND, A. Leshome ye le golo.

    PAGE 224

    222 THRASH. See THRESH. THREAD. Tlhale. To thread, as beads, hololela ; to threa.d, as a thong through a hole, gokela; to pull together threaded beads, gosetsa. THREAT, A. Piipii. 'l'HitEATEN, To. Biipa. To threaten each other, biipalana; he threatened them, o 1,. a ba biipela. THREATENING, A. Piipii. 'fHitKE. Tharo. Three sheep, dinlrn di tharo; three days, malatsi a le ma raro ; three towns, metse e le meraro. THRESH, TO. Phot.ha. To thresh with oxen, or horses, hola. THRESHING-FLOOR. A plastered threshing floor, sebupi; a threshing-floor in a garden, seboana. THRESHING-SUCK, A. Motlwana. THRESHoLD. A doorstep, sere pudi. THRICE. Gar.tro; ga raro. THRoAT, A. Momecii; dilmchii. To eize by the throat, beta dilrnchii ; he seizPd him by the throat, o la a mmeta dikuchii; his throat is closed up, o bete gile momecii, o betegile dikhu chii ; my throat is sore, ke botlhoko mo dikhuchofi, mo mecii oa me o botlhoko; to cause a choking sensation in the throat, baleta ; I have a choking sensation in the throat, ke balecwe ke mat he. THitOB, To. Uba. To pulsate, opaiipa THRONE, A. Sedulii; Retulii. THRoNG, A. Bontsi. To throng, or press upon in a. throng, kgo tlhaganya. THROTTLE, To. Beta dikhuchii. To kill by throttling, gonola. THRow. To throw away, latlba.; to throw without a.ny particu lar aim, latlha; to throw at a. mark, konopa; to throw fa.r, lla; to throw clay, '!tc., from the hand, and make it stick, phara; to throw about, or scatter, gasa; to throw water into the mouth in drinking, kapetsa; to throw, or push a thing along the ground, kgara metsa; to throw or cast down, goshumetsa, diga; to throw down a light thing, latlha ; to throw down a heavy thing, piriganya; to throw down any thing soft, matha ; to throw down flat on the ground, ba tanya, batyanyetsega; to throw down, or over, henola; to throw over, or upset, kgophola; to thro1v dust up, kubuela lo role; to thr.>w a spear, so as to make it stand up, tsepa ; to throw dust on oneself, ikuhne la lorole. THRUST. To thrust in, shiimela, sbotlhometsa ; to thrust away from, kgorometsa. THUMB, A. Monwana. oa kgwen eche; monwana oa mono; to take between finger and thumb, hina. THUNDER. Tumii ea marn. To thunder, go duma maru ; thunder without clouds or lightning, sedumedi; it thun ders, maru a duma. THUNDERBOLT, A. Tladi. THus. Yalo. It is thus, go ntse yalo; thus and thus, ka go re ka go re. Tar. Gago. Thy knife, thipa. ea gago.

    PAGE 225

    223 THYSELF. Le wens.. TICK. A tick found on cattle, kgoa., TICKET, A. Teketa. (hybrid). TICKLE, TO. Tsitsitlha.; tsikitla.. 1.'ICKLING. Sensations caused by tickling, masisi, mano:iio. no:iio. TIDINGS. Ma.hoko; phoko. TIDY. To make things tidy or straight, sepa.. TIE. 'L'o tie two strings together, hunela; to tie round, or bind, boha, hapa.; to tie an animal's legs together, kaoa, katloa, katoa ; to tie a knot, huna. le huto; to tie a knot in grass, huna. boya:ii; to tie things in a net, kgwelea ; to tie up a. front leg of a horse, or knee-halter it, kbina pitse ; to tie a knot carelessly or loosely, lea ; to tie in an intricate and ditlicnlt knot, lepa ; to tie a girdle round one's waist, ikgatla. TIGER, A. Nkwe. A. young tiger, nkwane. TIGHT. To be tight, or close fitting, papamala; to hold tight, as rust a lock, :iiamanya; to be come tight, as a barrel put into water, kanya. TILL. See UN1'IL. To till the ground, lema; to till for, or plough for, lemela. TILT. ro tilt up, tsekega, to tilt up, and pour out, kutlu metsa; to be tilted up, sekama; it is tilted up, e sekame. TIME, A. Motlha; lobaka. A. long time, lobaka lo lo lele; a short time, lobakanyana; a. very short time, lo baka lo se lope, lobaka lo se lopane; at the present time, yanoii ; a fitting time, lobaka loa teba:ii; a little time ago, maliiba; in the present time, nako e sa ntse e le eno, nako e sale eno ; at that time, or then, hoii ; any time, in negative sentences, motlha ope; not at any time, motlha ope, .ka motlha ope ; some time back, or ago, yale ; about, or at this time, go le kana ; it will be at this very time of day, e tla bo e le nene; for a long time previously there had been drought, ka go dikile go le lenba. TIMES. How many times P ga kae P ten times, ga shome; at times, motlha moiiwe, metlha meiiwe. TIMID. He is timid, o sesinn, o sehawa; they are timid, ba dihawa. TINDEit. Soft, or rotten wood, konu. TINGLING. Tingling sensation from cramp, bogacu. TINKLE, TO. Tsirima. To tinkle, as a woman's ornaments, tlha sinyega, tlhatlhasela. TIP. A. tip of a. finger, ntlha ea monwana; the tip of a tail, boloka. TIPSY. See DRUNK. TIPTOE. To stand on tiptoe and stretch up, gwala.la. TIRE. To tire, or become tired, lapa; to make tired, lapisa ; to tire out, or wea.ry, tseme lela.; to tire of, or dislike wha.t one liked before, gola. TIRED. To become tired, lapa; I a.m tired, ke lapile ; to be over-tired, or exha.usted, phue ga ; I am tired of work, ke la.pile mo tiho:ii. TITLE. A. title, or superscription, sekwalo. To. To believe, go dumela.; he is gone to the krall, o ile kwa lesake:ii ; to go down to, holo gela ; he is gone to such and such a. person, o ile kwa go ra ma:iima:ii. ToAD. See FRoG. 'l'oBACCO. Mocoko. A roll of tobacco, toga; strips of to bacco leaf cut up but not yet twisted, mashwashwa.; a tobacco plant, lotlha.ka loa mo

    PAGE 226

    224 coko ; tobacco seeds, ditlhaka. tsa. mocoko ; a. seed bed for tobacco plants, lekedi. To-DAY. Gompiyeno; ka. yeno; gompiono. ToE, A. Monwa.na.. A great toe, monwa.na. oa mono ; to walk with turned-out toes, bails.. ToGETHER. Mmogo. To place together, or side by side, pa.ta. ga.uya.; to come close together, bopa.ga.na.. ToiL. See LABOUR. ToKEN, A. Seshupo. ToLD. We are told, rea. bole lelwa.; who told you P u bole lecwe ema.ii P ToMB, A. Phupu. To-l!ORRow. Ka mosho. The day after to-morrow, ka. mosho omoiiwe. ToNGS. No word in the south Dipa.ti, Int. ToNGUE, A. Loleme. Tongues, diteme ; to be tongue tied, kgwelea.ga.na. ; he is tongue tied, o kgwelea.ga.nye loleme, loleme loa. ga.gwe lo kgwelea."ga.uye ; to dart out the tongue, as a snake, ntsha. loleme ; to take anything out of the eye with a. tongue, la.ba. ToNSIL, A. Loleiiwa.na. ; lelehu. TooK. He took, o la a. tsaea.. TooL, A. Sedihi ; sediho. Too JIUCH. Bobe. To overcome, or be too much for, chweka.. TOOTH, A. Leino, pi. meno. To pull out (of a. tooth), kgola., shomola., ntsha.. TOOTHACHE. Motlhaga.re. TooTHLESS. A toothless place in a gum, le hi niui ; a toothless ox, kltmo ea. boriniti. ToP. The top of a. house, se tlhoa.; the top of a mountain, tlhora. ToPsY-TURVY. To tum things topsy-turvy, phethakga.uya. ToRCH, A. Setime ; lobOne. ToRHENT, TO. Tlhokoha.tsa. A torment, botlhoko; torments, dibotlhoko. ToRMENTOR, A. Motlhokohatsi. ToRN. 'l'o become torn, ga.goga.; tom clothes, dia.pa.ro toe di gagocweii. TORTOISE, A. Khudu. A small kind of tortoise, kga.kga.na.; a. kind of water tortoise, kga.du bane ; a. shell of a tortoise, loga.pa loa khudu ; tortoise shell coloured, mereto. TORTURE, TO. Tlhokoba.tsa; te. keta.; keteka.. Toss. To toss up, as a. ball, konopela. kwa godimo ; to toss with a horn, shegola. ; to toss about, as the wind, heheutla, hahetla.; to toss about, as on a sick-bed, pbethakgana., bidi to toss up and down, as an infant, a.kgola. ToTTER. To totter, or be shaken, reketla ; to stagger, as a. drunken man, theekela ; to totter, as a. pole about to fall, goshoma.; to totter, or walk slowly, as an old man, totoba. ToucH, TO. To touch each other, a.ma.na.; to be touched, aiiwa; he touched her hand, o la. a. mo a.ma. seatla.; to examine by touch, a.paapa.; to touch each other, a.ma.na., a.maga.na ; to put things so that they touch, a.ma.ganya. ; touch him, a.mana. nae. ToUCH-WOOD. Konu. ToUGH. Tough, as imperfectly cooked food, segweletlba.. TOWARDS. Kwa; bolebana.le. TOWEL, A. Sephimolo. 'l'ow.l!at, A. Turw (h}brid). To tower, or be high, shwa.poga. TowN, A. Motse. Towns, metse; outlying towns, metse ea. din tlha.na.. Ton. Dilo tsa tsha.meko. TRACE. To trace or track a. spoor, latela. motlhala.. TRACK. See Sl'OOR.

    PAGE 227

    225 TRADE. To gather by bapala; to trade together, re kalana; trade, papalo. TRADER, A. Mmapatsi; semaus (hybrid). TRADITION, A. Tlhamane. To keep or observe a tradition, tshegetsa tlhamane. TRAIL. A trail or spoor, mo tlhala; a trail of a snake, mo dila ; to trail along the ground, as a long garment, kgokgotlia. TRAIN. To teach, ruta; to break in, katisa; to become trained, kata ; it is not yet trained, ga e e se e kate ; a train, tren (hybrid). TRAMP. See TRAMPLE. A tramp, or tramping noise, mosito. TRAMPLE, TO. Gata ; kataka ; shobotla; shuputsa. To trample much, gataka ; to trample, as a large number, kgobola, kgwa botsa; to trample to pieces, shuga ; to trample on each other, katakalana; to trample or tramp down loose soil, kata; to trample on, katela; to trample mud with a noise, cobotla ; to trample under foot, gatela kwa tlhatshe. TRANCE. A dream, toro ; a vision, sebono. TRANSEPT, A. Bohuku (hybrid). TRANSFORM. Bee CHANGE. TRANSGRESS, TO. Tlola. TRANSGRESSION, A. Tlolo. TRANSGRESSOR, A. Motlodi. TRANSLATE, TO. Hetola ; phutholola. That which is trans lated into,se se hetolPcwAii mo. TRANSLATOR, A. Mohetodi; mo phutholodi. TRAP. A trap made by gun, spear, etc., serai; a trap made of stones, seru; a snare, mu tl wana, sern; a falling log, mogotlha; to trap, or place a trap for, thaela. TRAPPER, A. Mothaedi. TRAVAIL, 1'0. lkutlwa; belega. A travail pain, motlotsedi. TRAVEL, ro. iha. To travel to, ere la. TRAVELLER, A. Moeti; motsa mai. TRAVERSE. To pass through, ralala. TRAY, A. Secholo. TREACHEROUS. He is treacherous, o maloiiwane. TREACHERY. Mooko; koko. TREAD. Bee TRAMPLE. TREADING PLACE, A. Bogato. TREASON, A conspiracy, kgiilaganyo. TREASURE. Khumo; mahumii ; lohumo. TREAT. To give a treat, itume disa; to treat badly. diheht mashwe; to treat well, dihela sentle ; a treat, or pleasure, boitumelo. TREATY, A. Kgolagano; kgii lagano ; koloagano. To make a treaty, golagana, golagana, ko loagana. To make a treaty in the old heathen way, kono pana ka moshwaii, kabakana ka moshwaii ; to abrogate, or annul a treaty, golaganolola. TREE, A. Setlhare. A dead tree still standing, lotlharapa, mo shwaoeme; the standing stump of a cut down tree, sesipi; a short stump, sesichwana; a young tree, or shrub, setlha tshana ; a hole in a tree, or a hollow tree, lech wago ; to root up a tree, khumola; to seek the shade of a tree, kwaea. TREES. Ditlhare. A thick cluster, or grove of trees, sekgwa. TRRMBLE, TO. Roroma ; tetesela; tatase!a; tlakasela. To tremble from cold, or weak ness, tetesela; to tremble from fear, roroma ; to cause to tremble, roromisa; to tremble, as the lips of an angry, or amused person, bebenya. TREMBLING, A. 'feteselo; thoromO. TRENCH, A. Mosele. p

    PAGE 228

    226 TRESPASS, A. Tlolo. TRIAL, A. 'l'ekii. A self-trial, TROUBLER, A. Lechwenyii. TROUBLESOME. To make oneself troublesome, ikadisa; a trou blesome person, or animal, lechoko, sepapathegi. boitekii. TRIBE, A. Sesbaba; loco. 'l'aiBES. Dichaba ; dicii. TRIBULATION. 'l'lalelii. TRIBUTE. See TAX. TRICKERY. See DECEIT. TRICKLE. To trickle, as a liquid, m una; to trickle, as sand, grain, etc., hiiriisela. TRIGGER, A. Bora yoa tlhObiilii ; bane (hybrid). TRIP. To trip up, kgopa, kgo kgweetsa; it has tripped him up, se mo kgopile ; he has been tripped up by it, o kgo pill\e ke shiina; to be tripped up by a thing on the ground, kgocwa ; to be tripped up by a thing above the ground, khu tlwa. TRIPPLE. To vibrate or qniver, as a trippling horse, kgaphasela. TRIUMPHAL. Triumphal shouts of a returning army (when on the road), meepeletsane; (when entering a town), meepelwane; triumphal shouts of women when welcoming a returning army, megolokwane. TRIVET. Stone used as a trivet, letshegii ; an iron ttivet, tshi pi ea letshegii. TROOP. A company of soldiers, mophatii ; a troop of animals, see DRoVE. TROT, TO. Khobakhoba; kgo bakgoba. TROUBLE. Chwenyegii. Distren, tla.lelii; to trouble, tlhi>ahatsa ; to tease, chwenya; to agitate, hudwa, kgobera ; to annoy, yesa manya; to be sore troubled, go betwa ke pelo; to trouble for, chwenyetsa.; to trouble each other, chwenye tsanya. TROUBLED, TO BE. Tlhoohala ; tlhodiega; chwenyega. To become troubled in mind, siloha.la. TROUBLING. A troubling, or teasing, chwenyii. TROUGH. A receptacle for catch ing dropping hquid, sedibeleco. 'fROUSERS. Borokgwe (hybrid). TROWEL. Dusho loa seretse ; troft'el (hybrid). TRUE. The word is true, lehoko le boamarure ; true, or lasting joy, boitumelii yoa tlhiimamii; the true God, Modimo o o boa. marure ; to make true, rurehatsa, rurahatsa. TRULY. Aitse; amarure; rure; aitsane; ka mmanete. To speak truly, buela rure. TRUMPET. Terompeta (hybrid). A lohare bone used as a trum pet, phare; a post bugle, phala ea piis ; to blow a trumpet, letsa ; to sound, as a trumpet, lela; to trumpet, as an ele phant, tlerebetea; to trumpet, as an angry elephant, kgaya yega. 'l'RUNK. A box, letlole; the trunk of a dead tree, mokgiiro ; an elephant's trunk, seliipii, seliipa. 'l'Rusr, TO. Ikanya. To trust in, ikanya mo; I have trusted, ke ikantse ; to t111st, or have confidence in, kga.ntsha ; I trust, or hope that it will be so, kea sholohela ha go tla nna yalo ; his word inspires trust, lehoko ya gagwe le agela mo sakii ; to cease to trust, ika nyologa.; trust, or confidence, boikanyo i t!"llst, or faithful ness, boilmiiii ; to cause to trust, ikantsha. TRUSTED. To be trosted, ikail wa ; they are trusted, ba ikancwe; a trusted one, moikailwi. TRUSTY. A trusty or trustworthy

    PAGE 229

    227 servant, motlhanka eo o boika no. TRUTH. Boamarure. Of a truth, amarnre, ka mmanete; in very truth, tota. TRY, To. Leka. TUBER. An edible tuber, le kwele, kwele; an edible tuber, or root, like a carrot, segwete. TUESDAY. Loa bobedi; 'l'usdag (hybrid). TuFT. A tuft of feathers on a bird' s head, tlopo ; a tuft of hair, see HAIR. TuG. To tug at, and pull tigbt, kwatlalatsa. TULP. Teledimo. TUMBLE. See FALL. TUMOUR, A. Tlhagala. A pain less tumour, boshwa. TUMULT, A. 'flhapeo. A com motion, phuduego. TUNI!l, A. Pina. To set a tune, tlhabeletsa ; a tune-setter, mo tlhabeletsi. TURBID. To make turbid, kgo bera, kgoba ; to be turbid, kgoberega, kgobega. 'l'URK.EY, A. Kalkun (hybrid). A wild turkey, or bustard, kgori. TURN. To turn aside, hapaana; to turn from side to side, or over and over, as a sick person, phetekgana, bidikama ; to turn out of a path (of oneself), ha poga ; to turn a person or animal out of a path, haposa ; he turned out of the path, o la a hapoga mo tselen ; he will turn you out of the path, o tla gu haposa tsela ; he turned into this path, o la a hapogela mo tseleil e ; to turn back, or turn the course of anything, thibu., menola; to turn another away from evil, thiba mo boshulen; to turn people away from old habits, lemolola; he will turn them from their customs, o tla ba lemolola mo mekgwen ea bona; to turn back, or hinder from going, iletsa; to turn round (of oneself), retologa, shokologa, ithetolola, imenola, iposa, hulara, rulara ; to turn another round, menola, retolola, shokolola; to turn to one side, menoga ; turn that way, menogela kwa; to turn aside to, menogela kwa, hapo gela kwa; to torn a thing upside down, pitikolola, phecola; to turn upside down, as a pot, etc., ribega, thula.ma ; to turn a thing round, or cause it to revolve, dikolosa ; to turn round, or revolve, dikologa; to turn round a corner, icoketsa; to cause to go round a corner, coketsa; to turn up, or tilt up, to turn over a thing held m the hand, piti kolola; to turn, or roll over, a. log, etc., moving it from its former place, pitika. ; to turn the back, hulara ; they will turn their backs upon him, ba tla mo hularela ; to turn back without going all the way, geloga ; to turn oneself back suddenly, thimoga; to turn back, or over, as a skin when flaying, bushulosa. ; to turn the head back, after looking round, sheboga ; to turn the head away without moving the body, pha.moga ; to turn the head away, and move, cubuga; he turned away from them, a ba cubugela; to turn a thing over to the other side, phecola ; to turn an animal over when skinning it, tlhaoega; to turn anything over in the mind, akanya; to turn inside out, tlhanola ; to become turned iuside out, tlhanoga; to turn a perou or animal into another path, or course, simega ; to turn away, or take another course, thuulola; to turn away one's hea.d or face quickly, icubula, ithuhula ; to turn up,

    PAGE 230

    228 or fold up, as leaves in the sun, or crimp up, as a wet skin in drying, shopana, causative shopanya; to turn and twist, as a crooked path, or stick, imeueka; to turn up spirally, chopha; to turn down, or fold down 0. page, mena tsebe. TURN. A turn, or bend, in the rocks of a gorge, segoro ; a turning, or corner-bend, co keco; a turn, or course, pha paano; a turn, or time, lo baka. TURNS. To take turns, hapaana, rulagana. TusH! Osho! TusK. An elephant's tusk, Jo naka loa tlou ; a pig's tusk, leiu o ya kolo be. TuToR, A. Moruti. TwAIN. The twain, bobedi yoa bona ; in twain, or in the middle, legare, bogare. TwELVE. Moco e le mmedi. Twelve sheep, dinku di shome di cwa ka dipedi. TwENTY. Mashome mabedi. TwiCE. Gabedi; sebedi; go le gobedi. TwiG, A. Kalana; kalanyana. Twigs on a dry branch sticking out in all directions, ditlha tlbarapa, matlhatlharapa ; to seek, or gather up twigs, gogoba. TWILIGHT. Looto ; lorotho ; lorothwana. TwiN, A. Lehatla. Twins, mahatla. TWINE. See STRING. To twine, or twist, shoka; to twine up, or be twisted up spirally, chopha ; to twine or twist round and round, chophelela. Twi.SKT.E. To twinkle or bat an eye, bonya. TwiNKLING. The twinkling of an eye, ponyo ea leitlho. TWIST, To. Shoka. To twist, by rubbing on the thigh, otlh11; to twist, or break off a joint, lokolola ; to twist, or be twisted upwards spirally, chO pba; to be twisted, hunagana; m.uch twisted, or very crooked, legweletlha, segweletlha ; to twist, or twine oneself in and out in climbing, as a creeping plant, ichOphelela; to twist or twine round and round, cho phelela. Two. Dipedi; mabedi, etc. The two, copedi, coopedi ; two parts, sebedi; two sheep, di nku di le pedi; the two sheep, dinku tse pedi ; two units, moco o le mmedi ; the two arms, mabogo ao mabedi; it is divided in two, e kgaoganye ka legare, e kgaogunye ka bogare ; the two dreams, or both dreams, ditoro coopedi. TYING. To unite by tying, hunaganya. TYRANNICAL, TO BE. Dipaba!a. TrR.\NT, A. Morotolwe ; modipa. u. UDDER, AN. Thele. UGLY. Mme ; mashwe. An ugly person, motho mme. ULcER, AN. Ntho; tlhagala. UMBRELLA, AN. Sekhukhu. UNABLE. To be unable, retele! wa ke, pale! wa ; they are unable to plough, ha retelelwa ke go lema; you will be unable tu desh-oy it, go tla lo retelela go se senya. UNADULTERATED. Bosapekwa. UNALTERED. He is uualtered, ga a chwanologe. UNBEcomNG. The frock is un becoming to you, mosese oa gu rona. UNBELIEF. Go bisa go dumela; tumologo. UNBELIEVING, TO BECOME. Dumol<;>ga. TO. Boholola; hapo lolu; golola; thantolola.

    PAGE 231

    229 UNBOUND, It is unbound, e golotse. UNBURDEN. Imolola.; belego. lola. To unburden oneself, ipelegolola.. UNBU'ITON, TO. Kopolola. UNCERTAIN. To be uncertainin one's mind, or doubt, belaela.; to be uncertain where to go, or what to do, titatita, tebateba. UNCIRCUJIICISION, STATE OF. Bokgola.. UNCLE. My father's elder bro ther, ramogolo; thy ramo gol wago ; his ramogo lwagwe; my father's younger brother' ran wane ; thy raiiwanago; his raiiwanagwe; my mother's brother, younger, or older, malome; thy malomaago ; his malomaagwe. UNCLEAN. Leshwe; mashwe. To become unclean, itsheko loga, leshwehala; she is un clean, through menstruation, or childbirth, o medibela. UNCLEANNESS. Itshekologo. UNCLiliiBABLE. An unclimbable clift', or wall, sepato. UNCLOSE. To unclose one's closed hand, huporola. ; to un close the closed hand of another, huporolola. UNCLOTHED. See NAKED. U NCOCK. To uncock, or let down a trigger, laolola.. UNCORK, TO. Tsibolola.; kabo lola.. UNCOVER, TO. Bipolola; khuru molola ; shubolola; to uncover the head, rola.; uncover a thing on which soil had been placed, tsbelola ; to unshade, sirolola ; to expose, sinosa. UNCOVERED, TO BE. Bipologa; khurumologa ; sinoga. UNDER. Tlhatshe; kwa tlhatshe ga, tlhasse; very far under, botlhatshetlbatshe ; to stoop, and go under, huhumela.. UNDERNEATH. See UNDER. UNDERSTAND, TO. Tlbaloganyai They do not understand one another, ga ba utlwane ; to make us understand, go re tlhaloganyetsa ; it is under stood, or heard, goa utlwega; I have understood, ke tlhalo gantse. UNDERSTANDING. Tlbaloganyo. To come to an understanding, go cwa matlho. UNDERSTOOD. Their words are not understood, mahoko a bona ga a utlwege. UNDO. See UNFASTEN. UNDRESS. To undress oneself, ikapola.; to undress another, apola ; to be undressed, apoga. UNEVEN. Rough, magwata ; not straight, or square, mokea. UNEXPECTEDLY. KR cboganeco, ka lechocha; to appear unex pectedly, dimologa; to come upon unexpectedly, choganetsa. UNFASTEN. To untie, hunolola.; to unbutton, kopolola.; to nu fasten a bundle, hapolola.; to unfasten the rheim of a pack-ox burden, kgololola ; to unfasten something sticking, iiaporola; to unfasten oneself, as from thorns, iiiaporola, iiiaporolola. ; to unfasten a cow's legs, katlo lola, kaolola; to unfasten, or set free, golola.; it is unfastened, e golotse. UNFIT. They are unfit, ga ba chwanele. UNFOLD. Phutholola.; menolola. UNFRUITFULNESS. BotlbOkalouiiwo. UNGIRD, TO. Tlamolola. UNGODLINESS, Boikepo. UNGODLY. To be ungodly, or separated from God, ikepa. UNHANG, TO. Pagolola.. UNHOLY. That which is unholy, se se sa itsbepaii. UNINHABITED. (Of a house), letlotla. ; uninhabited houses, matlo a a sa nnwaii. UNION. Kopano; bokopano.

    PAGE 232

    230 UNIT, A. Mocii. UN 1 T E. To unite mutually, kiipa.na., kitlana. ; to cause to unite, kiipa.nya, kitlanya. ; to unite, as two na.tions, ilmma; to unite by tying, huoagunya ; to unite in a.ttackiog, or a.tta.ck unitedly, ela. moshwiya.ne; tluy will unite a.t the top, di tla kiipa.nela kwa. godimo; to unite people, go kgatlha.nya. batho. UNITED. To be joined together, lomagana.; to a.gree together, kitlana; to be connected at the ends, or united in a. continuous line, goka.gana.; we 8.l"e united to him, re .Pata.gancwe nae. UNITY. Bonwehela. UNJUST, THE. Ba.sia.molodi. UNKINDNESS. Bopelotha.ta.. UNLEARNED, or inexperienced, monaua.. UNLEAVENED. Se se sa bedisiwaJi. UNLESS. Except, ha. e se. Un. less you see, e tla re ha. lo sa. bone. UNLOAD, TO. Belegolola.; olo lola ; laolola. The wagon is unloa.ded, koloi e ololocwe. 1J NLOCK, TO. Kopolola. UNLUCKY. An unlucky person, sehihi; an unlucky occurrence, botlhodi. UNliAKE, TO. Bopol<'ga. UNMANAGEABLE, TO BECOJIE. Pala. It is unmanageable, se pa.dile. UNMARRIED. An unmarried per son, kl(iipe, kgope, lekgarebe, kga.rebe. UNPICK, 1'0. 'fhantholola. UNPLEASANT, TO BECOME. Shwa hala. UNPLUG. Ka.bolola; tsibolola. Unplug, so a.s to let a. thiug rush out, tlhobola. UNPROFITABLE, TO BE. Horiika. It is unprofita.ble to me, sea. mphoriika ; it is unprofitable, ga se na thnshii. U NPROFITABLENESS. Botlbiika loniiwii. UNQUENCHABLE FIRE. Molelii o o sa. timeii. UNRAVEL, TO. Rarabolola.; kgo Jolola; tha.ntholola. UNRAVELLED, TO BE. Rarabolo ga ; thanthologa. UNRIPK. Unripe (of pus and gra.ss), loreme; unripe, but beginning to ripen (of fruit), bogoto ; unripe, but nea.rly ripe (of fruit), bogelegele; a.n unripe fruit, legoto, lekgele ; unripe fruits, ma.goto, ma.kgele. UNRIPENESS. Bogoto. UNROLL, TO. Menolola. UNSEAL, TO. Kanolola. UNSEARCHABLE, TO BECOME, hopholesega. UNSHEATHE, TO. Shomola. UNSKILFUL. Careless in work, boa.tla. UNSKILFULNESS, or carelessness in work, boa.tla.. UNSTABLE. He is unstable, o a.kga.akgega. UNSUCCESSFUL, or unskilful, 8.8 one who fails in shooting, ma tlhiigiile. UNSUITABLE, TO RE. Rona. This work is onsuita.ble to you, tihii e ea. go rona.. UNTAMABLE. MoJrnka. UNTIDY. To be untidy, or rough, as uncombed hair, tlha.tlha bala. UNTIE. To untie a. knot, huno lola ; to untie ma.ny knots, tba.ntholola. ; to untie a difficult knot, lepolola ; to untie an animal's legs, katlolola, kaolo la; untie, or unbiud, bobolola; to become untied, hunologa; to become untied (of a.n ani mal's legs), kaologa. U N'riL. In the past, ga tsamaea.; in the future, go tsa.ma.ea, go tla go tsama.ea.; until I came, ka tsama.ea. ka tla; until he come, a. tla. tsama.ea. a tla, go tla go tsamaea. a tla, go tlo go tsamae a tie; until now, na.ko e sale eno ; until I tell you, ga

    PAGE 233

    231 tsa.mae ke go bolelele ; until the harvest, go ea. thoboii.. UNTO. Unto sa.l va.tion, go tla. lo bOna poloko. UNTRAINED, TO BECOME. Ka.to loga.. It is still untrained, ga. e e se e ka.te ; untrained oxen just inspa.nned, ma.kga.tishO. UNTRUTHFUL, TO BECOME. Lotsa.ha.la.. UNTUTORED PEOPLE. Ba.tho ba ma.gwa.ta.. UNTWIST, or unwind. Chopho lola.. U NVEIL1 TO. Sirolola. ; bipolola.. UNWASHED. Unwashed hands, dia.tla tse di sa. tlha.pisiwa.ii.. UNWILLING. To be unwilling, or loth to do anything, itse. meletsa.. UNWILLINGNESS. Boitsemeleco. UNWRAP, TO. Ha.polola.. UP. Get up, and go, na.noga., n tsa.mae; I saw him early in the morning, and up to now, ke sa.le ke coga, ke ntse ke mmona. UPBRAID, To. Kgoba; gobolola.. To scold. kga.lemela. UPON. Ha; mo. Upon the table; ha.lomatiii.; upon him, ha go eoa, mo go ena ; upon the a.lta.r, mo godimo ga ale ta.ra. UPPISH, TO BE. Peleega.. UPRIGHT, TO BE. Thokga.ma.. It is upright, se thokgame ; to cause to be upright, thokamisa.; to stand upright, tsepa.lala, tset3lala, topalnla, lopala.la. ; to be bolt upright, or perpendiou la.r, t..imala.la., tlha.malala; to stand, or stick upright, as a spear in the ground, tsepa.ma.. UPRIGHTNESS. Thokga.mo. UPROAR, AN. Tlha.peo; phudu ego. To set in an uproar, heretlba.. UPSE'r, TO. Kgophola. To be upset, kgopholwa. UPSHOOT. An npshoot from last year's corn root, lecwabudu; an upshoot from last year's scattered grain, leiyadi. UPSIDE. To turn a thing upside down, phecola.; to turn a pot upside down, ribega; to hold a thinsr upside down, as a book, hula.tsha.. UPSTART, AN. Modipa. UPWARDS. Godimo; kwa.godimo. URGR, To. :mmelela.. To incite, tlhotlheletsa., shoshueletsa; to urge on, in working, goba gobetsa.; to urge on slowly, as tired oxen, pepetletsa., pa.petle tsa; to urge a person to do his duty, kgorokgotsa.. URGENT, TO BE. TlhOa.hala. To be in eager haste, potlaka. URINE. Motlhapo. Urine of cattle, moroto. Us. .Rona; chona. UsE. To use, or make use of, shwela molemo ; to use beyond a specified time without owner's permission, hakuha; to be of no use, or profit, horoka ; it is of no use to me, ea mphoroka, ga. e na. thusbo epe mo go nna, ga. e nthuse ka sepe. UsED. See ACCUSTOMED. It used to be that people were killed, go no go tlo go bolawe; I used to be a person, nkile ke ne ke le motho; I used to buy, ke le ke tle ke reke ; I used not to buy, ke le ke se ke ke reke. UsEFUL. To become useful, shwelega molemo. UsELESS. Useless, or weak (of wood, etc.), mophutlu; useless, or not repairable, ma.tlhaga; to become useless, or worn out, therepana ; it is useless, se therepanye; a useless, or worn out thing, therepe ; a useless, or foolish person, setho; to treat as if useless, or despise, kgobotla. UsuAL. I am buying as usual, ke ntse ke reka yaks. gale, kea bo ke reka ; I am not buying as usual, kea bo ke sa reke.

    PAGE 234

    UsuALLY .. They are usually built, di tie di ag we; they are usually seen, di tie di bon we. UTENSILS. Washing utensils, dilii tse di tlhapelaii ; eating utensils, dilii tse di yelaii ; drinking utensils, dilii tse di nwelaii. UTTERMoST. To save to the uttermost, bolokela rure. UvuLA, A. Loleiiwane. V. VACCINATE, To. Tlbaba; enta (hybrid). VACCINATION. A mark left by vaccination, seele. VACCINE LYMPH. Boladu. VAGABoND, A, Moliitsana; mo kgarakgat$egi. 'l'o lead a wan dering, vagabond lifP, kwidia. VAGUELY. To hear vaguely, utlwa mathaithai. VAIL. See VEIL. VAIN. In vain, lehela; to s:peak in vain, buela Iehela ; it 1s in vain to do thus, ke Iehela go diba yalo ; to make oneself vain, ithamaka; a vain person, motho oa boitbamako ; he is vain, or proud, o pelompe. VALIANT. To become valiant, gankahala, gankega. V ALLEY. An opening between two hills, kgoro, pha.ta; a kloof without an outlet, mogogiirii. VALoUR. Boganka. VAI.UABLE, To BE. Ratega. VALUE. To be of more value than, sita, gaisa. VANISH, TO. Hela; nyelela. To cause to vanish, hetFa, nye letsa; to vanish from sight, as a far distant object, dimelela, nyelela. VANITY. Boithamako. VANQUISH, ro. Henya. V A POUR. Lotobo. VARIANCE. To be at variance, emalalana, emelalana; to be 232 at variance with. emalalana le. VARY. To vary. in height, or length, hetahetana; to vary in an account, akgana. VAUNT. To vaunt oneself, ikgantsha. VAUNTING, A. Boikgancho. VEAL. Nama ea namane. VEHEMENTLY. Ka kgakalo. VEIL, A. Setshiro; sebipo. To veil, sira, bipa. VEIN, A. Losika. Veins, di tshika.. VELDSCHOEN. Dikgobe. VELDT. N aga; senaga; gare ganaga. He slept in the veldt, o la a tsa.maea bogoba. VENGEANCE. P11sholosho. To take vengeance upon, bnsho lola; I will have vengeance upon you, ke tla gu busholola, ke tla ipusholosetsa mo go wen a. VENISON. N ama ea diphOlohi>lO. VENTURE. To venture in ignor ance, phaphauletsa; at a venture, or not knowing, ka pbaphauleco ; he ventured into danger, though warned, a ea hela, a. itsiba ditaebe; to venture on a risky enterprise, phoumela; I venture to say, ke phaphauletsa ke go re, nna nka re. VENTURESoME. A venturesome or rash person, moipolai eo o sa lelel weii. VERANDAH. A verandah round a native hut, moka.tako mari bela, lnt.; the roof of a verandah, mathudi, Int. ; eaves of a verandah roof, mase namelo. VERIFY, To. Tlhomamisa. VERILY. Ama.rure; kammanete; nay verily, le bogologolo. VERSE, A. Temana. VERY. Very much, bobe; my very heart, pelo ea me tota. ; the very image, sechwancho sebele. VESSEL. A plate, seya.na; vessels,

    PAGE 235

    233 dil wana; anything that receives, secbolo ; a small mouthed vessel, kurwana; a large earthen vessel, moror,a ; a drinking vessel, senwelo, s.e se nwelaii.; a vessel for eating from, se se yelaii. ; a vessel for keeping beer in, phaba ; a water vessel, nkgo. V EX, TO. Rumola; kgopisa ; kgekgeisa; shua; kgopa. To be vexed, betwa ke pelo; to vex, or grieve a person by losing something belonging to him, runtsba. VEXING. A vexing person, borumolsii.. VIBRATE. To vibrate, as water after beating against a rock, kgaphasela; to vibrate, as the wings of a hawk about to dart, or the legs of a man in dancing, pbaphasela. VICTOR, A. Mohenyi. VICTORY. Phenyo. VIEW. To come into view, thunya. VIGILANT, TO BE. Tlbaga. VILLAGE, A. Motsana. An out lying village, motse oa din. tlhs.na. VILLAIN, A. Molot.sana. VINDICATE, TO, Siamisa. To vindicate oneself, itshiamisa ; to attempt to vindicate oneself by lies, itlhacwa. VINE, A. Mofine (hybrid). VIPER, A. Sheusheuane; shau shauane. VIRGIN. An unmarried p('rsou, lcgarebe, kgope, lel;garebe. VIRUS. Boladu. VrscEitA. The viscera of a slaughtered animal, diretlo. VISIBLE, 1'0 BE. Bonala. To make visible, bonatsa, bontsha; to become visible, bonatsega; to make oneself visible, ipona tsa ; to become visible, or come into view, thunya; to become visible, as a person appearing over a rise, kwetoga. VISION, A. Se bOno; sebonwa ;' piina!O; piinaco. VISIT, TO, Lekola; lata; tlhiila. To call upon, .yanala, yelanala ; to visit unexpectedly, atlela; to be visited unexpectedly, lttlel wa ; he was visited by, o la a goriigelwa ke; he visited me, o la a nkete!a ; Tau and they visit each other, ba yelanala le Tau;. I have visited him, ke mo yetsenala ; to visit a country, tlhola; to cease to visit as formerly, ikutla; a visit., tekolii. VISITATION, A, Tekolo. VIXEN. A vixen, or scold, moo mani. VLEY. A lake, letsha; a rain pool, mogobe ; a shallow rain pool, lopapa. VOICE, A. Kodu. The sound of a voice, lencwe ; a great voice, lencwe ye le godileii. ; a murmur of voices, boroborii. VoLATILE, HE Is. 0 akgaakgega. VoLUNTEER. A hired volunteer, leshwebelega. VoMIT. Matlhatsa. To vomit, tlhatsa ; to feel as if about to vomit, heroga sebete ; to retch, or strain when vomiting, golo lega ; to seem about to vomit, as a dog, behoga. Vow. See OATH, and SWEAR. VRYBURG. Native name of, Hohodi. VuLTURE. See EAGLE. w. WADDLE, 1'0. Naii.ka. WAG. To wag a tail, iita ; it wags its tail, ea ota mogatla, ea ikota ka mogatla ; to wag the head,thukhutha tlhiigii; to wag a bent finger up and down in derision, iitaote monwana. WAGER, A. Peelanii. To lay a wager, beelana. WAGES, Tuelo; maduo; matane

    PAGE 236

    234 (hybrid). Wages for garden work, thubii. WAGON, A. Koloi. Wagons, dikoloi; many wagons, ma.koloi; to load a wagon, iilela; to un load a. wagon, belegolola., la.o lola.. WAGTAIL, A. Mokgoronyane. WAIL. The death wail of an animal, piikiilelii. WusrcOAT, A. Onder bace (hy brid). WAISTED. A thin-waisted per son, motheneki. WAIT. T., wait, or have patience, baea pelo ; to wait for, !eta, nnela.; I will wait for them there, ke tla. ba nnela. giina.; to wait, or pause, iketla; to wait upon a. sick person, iika ; to wait upon oneself in sickness, ikiika ; wait a bit! etlepe etloku itleiiwe to lie in 'wait for, la.lela.; be waited awhile, o la a. betisa lobaka. WAKE. See AWAKE, WAKEl'UL. To be wakeful, kbidiega., tlbobaela.; to make wakeful, kbidia, tlboba.etsa. WAKEN. See AWAKEN. W A.LK. .A. walk, or walking, bosepelii, mosepele; to walk, sepela ; to walk, or go away, tsa.maea.; to walk proudly, gwa.nta.; to walk gracefully, or proudly, liita; to walk softly, as with sore feet, kiikiiba., babea; to walk stealthily, babea; to walk slowly and with difficulty, a.ila; to walk with turned-out toes, ba.ila.; to walk with lordly tread, as a lion, kiikiiriiga., iiiibiita.; to walk about visiting, yanala.; to walk as a. very weak or tired person, iitoba., giigiiba; to walk slowly, as a stout person, gokgola.; to walk about a little after illness, rarana., leana ; to walk as a blind ma.n, paputla.; to walk round, or C<>mpa.ss, potologa ; to walk with a. swaying gait, as if about to fall, retekela; to walk slowly, or totteringly, as an old man, totiiba; to walk slowly, nodding the bead, onya; to walk slowly, with legs stretched far apart, ba.nka. ; to walk quickly, gabela., kgo poga ; to walk fast, or pick up the feet, tlbomola dinaii ; to walk with bended back, as from age or gorogala. ; to walk with a waddling gait, iiaiika. ; to walk in single tile, bopelela; to walk a. little, as a child just learning, abula, ma maisa. ; to walk feebly, as a young child, or animal, ma tlama.tla.. WALKER. He is a quick walker, o sekg9.phii. WALKING-STICK, A. Tsamma. WALL. .A. wall of a. boose, mine, etc., lomiita., pl. dimiita; lo biita., pl. dipiita. ; the wall of a krall, etc., lorakii, pl. ditha.kii ; a little wall, lomiita.na, lokii cwana; an unclimbable wall, sepatii; an opening, or hole in a wall, lecoha.; a wall-plate, pbakii ; a pole, stick, or reed used in making a wall, kgii thvane. WALLET. See BAG. WALLOW, TO. Bidika.ma. WANDER, To. Timela.. To cause to wander, timetsa.; to wander hither and thither, kwidia, kgarakgatshega, pbolea, pbo letha.; to wander about in search of food, robarobega; he has wandered, o ile sehoha ; my ox has wandered, kgomo ea me e timetse, ke timecwe ke kgomo ea. me; where they have wandered, kwa ba timeleteeii giina ; to allow. cattle to wan der, bidilega ; to wander about hopelessly, or be unable to find a path, kaila. ; to wander from the faith, gotimelwa ke tumelii; to wander about the country, tlha.batlhaba. le lehatshe.

    PAGE 237

    235 W ANDERIIIB, A. llotimedi. A wandering a.nimal, letimela, _p Z. matimela. WANDERING, A, Timelo. Wan dering sheep, dinku tsa ma timelo. WANT. Need, botlhOko, botlho kwa; poverty,lobuma,lehuma; to need1 tlbOka ; to like, rata ; to desire, eletsa; to seek, bstla ; I want you to do thus, kea rata. gore lo dihe yalo ; to want to have, or to get at, meletsa. matbe. WANTING. Some things are wanting, dilo tse diiiwe dia tlbOkahala. WAR. Tlbabano; ntwa. ; dira. To war, tlha.ba.na,lwa.; bywa.r, ka dira; they have a. civil war, ha Uhaba.na ntwa. ea. lega.e ; to war against, or with, tlha. bantsba. WARD. To ward off blows, hema ; to ward off by lifted bands, eha. WARFARE. Ntwa. WARINESS, Tsetseleko; bo tlba.go. WABH. To become warm (of water), etc., omoga; to wa.rm up cooked food, etc., ga.kolosa., omosa.; the water is warm, metse a. omogile ; to warm oneself, ikomosa; to warm oneself at a. fire, ora, ikgotetsa. ; they warm themselves with these woods, ba ora dikgoii tse; to be warm, or lukewarm, thuthabala; to make warm, thu tbahatsa.; to become warmed, thuthaha.la ; very warm, bo thithO ; lukewarm, bothuthO, motlha ; to become warmed after being very cold, sitologa. ; to sit or lie, so as to warm one self by a. fire, thokamela. WARMTH. Bothitho ; mogote. WARN, TO, Tlbagisa; to warn against, tlhagisa kaga.; to warn, or turn the course of by warn ing, simega.; be ventured after beio!l warned, a. ea a. itsiba. ditsebe. WARNED, TO BECOME. Tlbage gn. ; he has been warned by, o tlha.gisicwe ke. WARNING. To give warning, tlbagisa. WARPED. To become crooked, kgopama., shokama; to become sh1-ivelled up, boduma. WARREN. A ground squirrel's warren, matsatsa. WART, A, KhotO; tlhoko. WARY, TO BE. Tsetseleka ; tlba ga. He is wary, o tlhaga., o matsetselekwe, 0 matsetseleko. WAS. I was there, ke le ke le gona ; he was with him, o la a nna nae ; he was not with him, 0 JaIL se DOlL oae, 0 la a se ka IL nna nae, ga a ka a nna nae ; it was a hard work, e le e le tihii e e thata ; it was built, e le e agwa, o lo o agwa ; his food was meat, diyii tsa gagwe e le e le nama; he was a believer, e tie e le 10odumedi; it was not hard, go le go se thata ; the river was full, noka e ne e tletse; he who was greater tha.n the king, eo o la a le bo golo go kgosi ; the time was near, motlha oa bo a le gauhe; it was sta.nding, ea bo e erne ; how was be P o la a ntse yaii ? there was a man, go kile go le monona ; it was said, ga na ga tuwa ; it was not righ,t, e le e se tshiamo ; I was with you, ke ntse ka na le Iona ; he was angry, a bo a le bogale, o la a le bogale ; its fall was great, go wa ga eona ga.na gogolo. (The above are only some of the ways in which was is ex-_pressed.) WASH. To wash a thing, tlbacwa; I have washed them, ke di tlhacwitse ; they will be washed, di tla tlhacwiwa; to wash the body, tlhapa, tlbapi sa ; to wash oneself, itlbapa;

    PAGE 238

    236 to wash or smear hands and face with milk, iphorola ; to wash out one's mouth, icukula.; icukunya ; to rub clothes when washing, shogotlha; to wash the bands, tlllapa diatla.; to wash sores, tlhacwa dintho ; to wash, or rinse out a vessel, cokotsa ; t.o wash, or take away, as a flood, kgophola; to wash corn, etc., with the hand for cooking, okela; to wash one's face, itlhapa sehatlhogii, itlhapa mo sehatlhogo:ii. WASHING, A. Tlhaco ; tlbapo. A thing or place for washing in, setlba.cwecho. WASP, A. Moruthwane. WASTE, TO. Saha. To destroy, senya; to waste or destroy another person's things,lolora; waste, tsenyo. WASTE AWAY, TO. Ota. WASTEFUL. A wasteful person, lesaha ; be is wasteful, o seba balele. WASTEFULNESS. Bohabalele. WASTER, A. Seha.balele. WATCH, A. Orolosi (hybrid). A watch, or watching, tebelo, tisho, teto ; to watch, !eta ; to look for, lebe!e!a; to take care of, disa ; to observe carefully, lepa ; to be on the watch at night, itlwaea; to watch corn, !eta; to watch, or keep guard upon, lalela. WATCHER, A. Molebedi. An observer, molepi; a garden watcher, moleti ; a corn watcher's pla.tfonn, serala. WATCHFUL. See WARY. WATCHFULNESS. See WARINESS. WATER. Metse. All the water, metse aotlhe; this water, me tse a, metse wa ; in the water, mo metsi:ii ; to draw water, ga; to draw water for, gela.; to draw water into for, gelela. ; a thing for drawing water, segelelo; a little water, metsana; to dabble in water, pha.cha. kganya ; to knoCk water about with hands or feet, pha.cba kganya, cu bua, pha.chanya ; to flow. as water. ela., eieia. ; to break out, as water, tboba; to stop water from running out, ka.ba ; to :pass water, tlhapa ; to pass water (of children and animals), rota. Used as a curse. To pass through water on foot, gobua; to dry up, as water, cha; the water has dried up, metse a chele; to put a thing into water, ina; to take a thing out of water, inola; to provide water for a long dis tance, or take it far, paka; muddy water, metse alokgobe ; bad-tasted water, metse a mo thugo ; clear, pure water, me tse a a itshekileii ; to water an animal, or garden, nosa ; to water a garden by pouring, kgaphela; very muddy water, metse a lecopetla; to draw water by degrees from a weak spring, chwa.petsa ; to become warm, as water, omoga ; to be come hot, as water, lela.bala.; lukewarm (of water), motlha. W ATERBRASH. LeshOkoleJa. WATERCOURSE, A. Foro (hybrid). WATERFALL, A. LephOthophOtho. To make a noise, as water over a fall, phOtbosela. W ATERHEN, A. Kgogonoka.. WATERLESS. A waterless country, lehatshe ya sekaka., lehatshe ya lokgere. WATER JIIOSS. Bolele. WATER PITCHER, A. Nkgo; a sma.ll water pitcher, nkgwana. WATER POX. Thutlwa. WATERY. Watery (of food), bokapuka.pu; watery (of clay), lorepe ; watery (of cooked pumpkin), tepe; watery (of eyes), makgeme. WAVE, A. Ntelo; lekhubu ya metse; waves, dintelo, makhn bu; to wave to and fro, or brandish, kgatikanya; to wave,.

    PAGE 239

    237 or tlourish, a spear, etc., over one's head, :ii.a.tetsa, kgana. WAVER. To waver, or totter, reketla. WAX. Wax in the ear, ditlhoka; beeswax, masiti. WAY. A path, tsela; a habit, mokgwa; a little way, or short distance, lobakanyana; a very little way, lobakanyana; to stand out of the way, thiboga; to go away, emoga; to go out of the way, kgetla; he went out of his way, o la. a mo kgetla kaha thokii ; to be unable to find the way, kaila ; I have lost the way, ke timecwe ke tsela, ke kalelwa ke lehatshe; move out of his way, mo thibogele. WAYLAY, TO. Lalela.. WE. Re; he. WEAK. Bokoa; bokoa; sekiia. A weak one, sekoa, motliiho, motloshwana ; weak, or easily broken (of a reed, etc.), mo tliihO ; a weak, or useless thing, mophutlu; very weak, as people throng h illness, or cattle through hunger, phepha; he is always weak and ailing, o dibobo, pt ba dibo bo ; to become weak, nonoho loga, thatahologa, koahala, tloohala ; to be very weak, go phepha marapo. WEAKEN, TO. Koahatsa. WEAKNESS. Bokoa; bokoa. WEAL, A. Mobipo; mopopotlo. Weals, mebipo, mepopotlo. "VEALTH. Lohumo; mahumo. Much wealth, khnmo. WEAN. To wean a child, kguisa; to wean, as a cow her calf, husa; it wil1 wean its calf, e tla husetsa namane ; to separate a calf from the cow, lomolola.. WEAPON, A. Sebola.o ; tlhomelo. A weapon of defence, sehemo. WEAR, To put on clothes, apara ; to be worse for wear, goberega; to wear out, or be come old, onala. WEARIED. To be wearied out, or overdriven, kgotlhakgotlha; to be wearied in spirit, go ya manya; to be wearied, or bothered, tlhodiega. WEARINESS. 'l'apisho; letsapa. WEARY. To become weary, lapa; I am weary, ke la.pile ; to make weary, lapisa; to be thoroughly weary, or prostrate, iiodiega, phuega ; to in spirit, yesa manya; tsemelela. WEAl'HER. It is fair weather, or it has cleared up, go sele ; it will be bad weather, a tla tlhOla a thibile. WEAVE, TO. Loga; rar>t. To weave wire on a stick, ko bela. WEB. A spider's web, bobi; pl. mabi. WED. See MARRY. WEDDING. See MARRIAGE. WEDGE. To wedge in, as a pole, setlela. WEDGED. 'fo become wedged in, or fast, in a narrow open ing, thama. WEDNESDAY. Loa boraro; Wunsdag (hybrid). WEED, A. Mohero. To wetld, tlhagola; to weed in a slovenly manner, knta; \veeds, or long grass, hindering growth, :ii.waii. WEEDED, TO BECOME, 'l'lhago. lega. WEEDS. Mehero. To rake to gether wt!eds, kokola.; to gather up weeds, gola.. WEEK, A. Weke (hybrid). WEEP. See CRY. WEEPING. Selelo. WEEVIL. Chupa. WEIGH. Lekanya. W.EIGHT. Bokete ; boima. A weight, lekete. WEIGH'l'Y. Boima; bokete. WEIR, A. Moratbo. W ELCOlllE Goroga ka pula! WELL, A. Mokole; sediba. To

    PAGE 240

    do well, diha sentle ; I am well, ke ntse sentle ; it is well, go aiame, e ya.hile ; he spoke well, a. yahile a. bua ; to do anything very well, la.lola; to make well, or cure, hodiaa ; you have done well in coming, u ya.hile u tie; it is well that the people have come, e ya.hile batlo ba tla. WELL-DISPOSED. Bosisi. WEN, A. R>shwa. WENr. See Go. I went, ke le ka ea. WERE. They were there, bale bale g6oa, ba ne ba le gooa, ba bo ba le gooa; 'they judges, ba bo ba le basia.misi ; if the land were his, ha leha tshe e ka bo e le ya. gagwe ; were it not so, e ka bo e se yalo; they were not taught, ga ba. ka ba rutwa; those who were in the house, ba. ba le ba le mo tluii; those who were gathered together, ba ba le ba. phuthegetse; if we were to enter, re ka. bo re. tseoa.; they were 12, di ka ne di le 12; they were together, bo ba le mmogo ; if it were not it, e ka bo e se eona. WEST, THE. Bophirima.tsatsi i bophirimo yoa letaatsi, kwa. go dimo, Int. WET. 'l'o become wet, koloba; to make wet, kolobetsa.; to wet through, a.s rain, tlopotla ; to wet anything that is dry, or dusty, nons.; dripping wet, or muddy, maraga.raga, see SAT URATE ; to be wet, or watery (of cooked pumpkin), tepe; (of clay, etc.), lorepe; to be wet, a.s a. skin, nola. WETNESS. Lonola; bokgola. WHALE, A. Lerua.rua.. WHAT? En P What is this? en se? what do you say P ua. ren P u ra.ea.fi P what are you doing p u diha.fi p ua diha. en p what do I still lack P ke sa 238 tlhoka.fi P what you say is, etc., mo u go bua.ii., etc.; what-do you-call-it, senna.une, selebe lebe, nnetla., nnetlane ; what is that to you p e be e le en go wens. p WHATSOEVER. Whatsoever you do, senwe le senwe se u se diha.fi ; whatsoever is more than this, mo go hetisa.fi mo. WHEAL. See WEAL. WHEAT. Ma.bille a. sekgoa.. An ear of wheat, seako sa mabele a. sekgoa.. WHEEL, A. Lekoto. Wheels maoto. WHELP, A. Ncanya.na. WHEN. When? len P At the time when, moga.n, etlare, e tla. re ha., eare, erile; when yon arrive, e tla re u goroga, e re u goroga.; when I was a. child, ke rile ke le nwana; when you have seen, u tla re u sena go bona. ; when he came out, erile a. cwa., o rile a. cwa.; when they shall give, etc., e tla. re mogan ba. naea.fi, etc. ; when we shall see him, e re mogan re mmona.fi; when we ea. me out, ra. re re cwa., e re re cwa. ; when it shall be, e tie e re; when I come, e tie e re ke tla ; when he saw it, I was there, e rile a se bOna, ka bo ke le gona. ; when they are asked for it, they deny it, eare ba e lo piwa., ba e la.tole. (The above are only a. few of the many ways in which when can be ex pressed.) WHENEVER. E tie re moga.n. WHERE. Kwa. Where?" kae? Where is he gone P o ile kae P I know where he comes from, kea. itse kwa. o cwa.fi gona.; wheretherea.re no people, kwa. batho ba aeon gooa.; where we do not know, kwa. re sa. go itsen; where there was a. syna gogue, mo go lefi ha. sena.goge sa bo se le gana.; where they

    PAGE 241

    239 were a.t tba.t time, kwa. ba. bo ba. le gana. ka. loba.ka. louo ; it ends where it ends, e kbutla. kwa. e khutl.aii. gona. ; he spoke a.bout where he should find him, o la. a. bua. ka.ga. go o tla mmona.ii gona. ; there is no doubt a.bout where he did thus, ga. go na pela.elo ka.ga. golo kwa. o la. a. diha yalo gona., ga. go na pela.6lo kaga. helii ha o la. a diba yalo gona.; where they live, mo ba. a.ga.ii gona.. WHEREAS. Le mororo. WHEREBY. Mo e leii gona.. WHEREFORE. Ke gona. WHEREVER. Kwa le kwa. Whet:ever we go, kwa le kwa re eaii gona. WHET. 'fo whet, or sharpen, lootsa; to whet the a.ppetite by eating a little, ntaea. ma.the. WHETHER. E ka. re kgotsa.. Whether I come, or be absent, e tie ere leha.ka tla kgotea ke seeo ; they doubted whether he were a helper, ba.le ba. be laela. e se be kgotsa e le mo thusi; whether ye are obedient, bo lo ua le kutl wo. WHETSTONE, A. Tooco. WHEY. 'l'lboa. WHICH. Which P He, affixed to the particles. Which horse P pitse ehe P the horse which I have bought, pitee e ke e re kileii ; he devised pla.ns by which, o la. a loga maauo a go re ; the people which hea.rd, batho ba ba. leii ba utlwa ; which were found, tse di ki leii tsa oon wa. WHILE. A while, lobaka.; a little w bile, kga.ntele, nteyi'l, loba.kanyana lo sena. go beta ; a little while ago, maloha., kgantele; a little while after, kgantele, moragwa nyaoa; while you are still here, ka. lo sale hano; while be still spoke, ka. a sa bua. ; after a little while, e rile kgarltele but all the while, ntekwane, utekone, nteka.ne. WHIP, A. Seme (hybrid). To crack a thantsha; to crack, as a whip, tha.nya. WHIRLWIND, A. Seheho; se cuacue. WHISKER, A. Tedu; legwagwa. WHISPER. To whisper to, sebe tsa, hohonyetsa; to be whis pered, sebediwa; to whisper to each other, sebetsanya ; to whisper evil, or backbite, seba, seha. WHISTLE, TO. Letsa molodi ; 01virioya molodi. I called them with a whistle, or whistled for them, ke le ka ba. gwetlha ka molodi. WHITE. Cheu; sheu; gosbeu. A white ox, kgomo e cheu; a white cow, kgomo e choana; a white person, motho eo mo sheu, lekboa, lekgoa; pertain ing to white people, sa sekhoa, sa sekgoa; to make white, sheuhatsa ; to paint white, taka, thasa, ka taka ; a whitened house, ntlo e e ta kilweii.; white entirely, and without spot, mocwacwa; the white of au egg, khwaan ea lee, khwa.an ea letsae. WHITENESS. Bosheu. WHITENING. 'l'aka. WHITEWASH, TO. Ta.ka; takisa. Clay for making whitewash, taka; t.o try and whitewash oneself by lies, itlhacwa. WHITHER. See WHERE. WHITHERSOEVER. Goiiwe le goiiwe. WHI'fTLE. To whittle a stick, tlokotla. WHo ? Emaii P maii P Who are you? wlma u mail.? who a.re ye P Iona. lo bo maii P who is he who has come P eo o teileii emaii ? we do not know who began, ga. re itse eo o la. a simolola., ga re itse e bomaii ba.

    PAGE 242

    240 ba. le ba shnolola; thou who despisest, wena eo u nyatsa.ii ; he who has come to help us, eo o tsilen go re thusa, eo o tsile go re thusan. WHOEVER. Leha e le manmaii.. WHOLE. See ALL. To become whole or perfect, itekanela; the maimed were whole, digole di itekanetse. WHoLLY. Gotlhe; ka gotlhe. WHOM:. The friend whom I love, tsala e ke e ratan ; the child whom I love, nwana eo ke mo ratan ; he of whom I spoke, eo ke la ka bua kaga. gagwe ; in whom p mo go man ? WHOMSOEVER. Leha e le man maiL WHoRE, A. Seaka; sepepe; mosadi oa dikgora. WHOSEThe man whose ox is dead, monona eo kgomo ea ga gwe e shulen. WHYP KantlhanP kantlhaeanP Why weepest thou ? u lelelan P why do you speak to them ? u buelan nabii? why do they fast ? ba ithibelan mo diyon ? why don't you eat of the food? ga lo yelefi diyo ? WICKED. A wicked person, moi kepi ; to be wicked, ikepa. WICKEDNESS. Boikepo; tshia mololo ; bosh ula ; bolotsana. WIDE. ro be wide, atlhama; it is wide, se atlhame ; to make wide, atlhamisa; to be wide open, atlhama; to make wide open, atlhamisa, atlhamolosa; wide-spreading and shallow, lopetleke; a .wide river, noka e e atlhamen; a wide road, tsela ea moheru, tsela ea moa bula ; wide spreading, or ex tensive, logadigadi; to stretch out the arms wide, pbatlalatsa mabogo ; to become opened wide, atlhamologa; to open wide, thobola; open it wide for them, di e thobolelc; to make wide by stretching, katla. WIDELY. To become widely ex tended, or spread out, penolo ga; widely extended (of nos trils), maphara. WIDow. A. MotlhOlagadi; mo shwagadi. WIDOWER, A. Motlholagadi; moshwagadi. WIDOWHOOD. Botlhiilagadi. WIDTH. Boatlhamo ; katlha mo. WIPE, A. Mosadi. My wife, mosadi oa me, mogatsaaka ; thy wife, mogaco; his wife, mogatse; Tau's wife, mogatsa Tau ; to take a wife, tsaea mo sadi; to live with a wife at her father's house, ralalela; to take a wife to her own house. beka ; to put away a wife, tlhala ; a second, or inferior wife, moga diii.wana. WILD. Tlhaga; naga. Wild looking, matseba, logala; to go about in a wild or excited man ner, hoahoa, hoahoega; wild (of an animal), as opposed to tame, ea naga, ea nagen ; a wild animal having paws, seba tana; a wild animal having hoofs, pholoholo ; to kill large wild animals or ravenous beasts, losa. WILDEBEEST, A. Kgokon. A solitary male wildebeest, kwa lare ; a blue wildebeest, pudu mo ; a solitary male blue wilde beest, pbera ; a troop of wilde beests, boduma yoa dikgokon letlhape ya dipudumo. WILDERNESS. Naga; garegana ga ; bogaregana. In the wil derness, mo nagen, kwa gare ganaga. WILFULLY. Ka omo; ka bomo. WILL. Thatii. His will, thato ea gagwe, go rata !(a gagwe; a will or document, lokwalii ; I will go, ke tla ea; I will not go, ga nketla ke ea; we will n'?t _go, gll: re ketla re ea ; he wlllgo, ons accustomed to go,

    PAGE 243

    241 0 tla. a ee ; he will, or may be found, o tla a bonwe ; you will have heard, lo tla bo lo utlwile; will you tell me, or will you please tell me,a ko u mpolelele. WILLINGLY. Ka pelo e cheu; ka peleego ea pelo. WILL-O'THE-WISP. Molelo oa badimo. WILLOW. A willow tree, modi. bonoka. WIND, THE. Pheho. To blow, as wind, hoka; to void, or break wind, phinya ; a rushing, roaring wind, sesetlana, seshetlana, ledimo ; a noise of wind, modumo, moshumo ; to toss about, as wind, heheutla, hahetla ; to make a rushing noise, a.s wind, cubutla; to fall, or cease, as wind, kokobela. ; to cool oneself in the wind, ipho. kisa pheho ; to become inflated with wind, bndulosega; to wind, as a watch, etc., shoka. WINDING. See CIRCUITOUS. To go in a winding course, ikgara. WINDOW, A. Seipone; seboni; fenester (hybrid). A window, or hole in a hut, lechoha. WINDPIPE, A. Mokgokgiima. WINE. Boyalwa. WINEBIBBER, A. Monwi bo-yalwa; monwa boyalwa. WINEPRESS, A. Segatelo. WINESKIN, A. Lekuka. WING, A. Lohnka. Wings, di. phuka; the wing of an army, lonaka loa ntwa; to flap the wings, as a cock, opa diphuka; to flap the wings slowly, as vul tures about to alight, abula ; to let down the wings, lesholola diphuka. WINK. To wink an eye, bonya leitlhO. WINNOW, TO. Olosa. WINTER. Mariga. In winter, mariga, mo marigei'l; to winter, nnela. mariga. WINTRY. Cold, wintry weather, letlololo. WIPE. To wipe off, or up, phi. mola.; to wipe a filthy thing, yaha; to wipe or clean an infant after a motion, yaha, tlha kola, Int. ; wipe, or blow a nose, mina; to wipe away with a hand, gelola.; to wipe per spiration off oneself with a hand, ikgelola. ; to wipe off, or destroy utterly, Ja.kaila. WIRE. A telegraph wire, thodi ea tshipi ea telegraph ; wire. work or netting, ditshipi tse di raranyei'l ; to work, or weave wire on a stick, kobela.. WISDOM. Botlhale; tlhaleho. WISE. To become wise, tihale ha ; he is wise, o botlhale ; to make wise, tlhalehisa, tlhale tsha ; a wise, or slim person, letlhale, moitseanape, tlhale maleye ; a wise person, motho eo botlhale. WISH. A desire, keleco; to wish, or desire, eletsa; to wish, or like, rata ; we wish to go, rea rata go ea, re rata ra ea ; by his wish, ka go rata ga. gagwe ; to wish for, or wish to get at, meletsa mathe. WIT. To wit, eboi'l. WITCH, A. Moloi; sehephe; setlhodi. WITCHCRAl!'T. Too; boloi. Witch craft, or power of bewitching, in an animttl, botnbi. WITH. Ka; le With him, nae, le ena; with thee, nau, nao; with it, nayoo; is he with a servant P a o na le motlhanka ? he is not with a servant, ga a na motlhanka, ga a na le mo tlhanka; those who are with the chief, ba ba nai'lle kgosi ; I will cut a stick with m"! knife, ke tla. sega thupa ka th1pa ea me; he will go with the boy, o tla ea le mosimane; he came with a stick, o la a tla. a na le thupa ; it will be with loss, go tla di hana le molato. WITHDRAW. To withdraw oneQ

    PAGE 244

    242 self from others, ikela, ikutla; withdraw a head, etc., go nyetsa ; to withdraw, or shrink away from, ikgogona; to with draw, or separate oneself, ikga.oga.na.; they will withdraw to a distance from the house, ha. tla ka.togela. ntlo kgaka.la. WITHER. To >Vither, as gmss on a hot day, shwa. ha; to cnuse to wither, shwa.hisa; to wither, or dry up, omelela; it is withered, or dried up, se omeletse ; to become withered, or shrivelled, as a corn-stalk, hoduma. WiTHHOLD, TO. Eola. To for bid, itsa. WITHIN. Teii; mo ten; ka. ha teii.. WITHOUT. Sena; go bisa., I am without an ox, ke sena kgomo ; without praying, ka. go bisa go rapela. ; those who are without helpers, ba ba senaii ha.thusi ; without, ot outside, kwa ntle, ka ha ntle. WITHSTAND, TO. Ikemisetsa. To rebel, cuolola. i to with stand him to the race, mo ga. netsa mo matlhoii.. WiTNESS, A. Mosbupi. A. false witness, moshupi oa kako, mo. pateletsi; to witness, shupa; to witness falsely, pampa. WIZARD, A. Moloi. WoE. See SoRROW. WoLF, A. Phiri. A small wolf, phirichane; a black wolf, le thonkana ; a wolf cub, phi tsana. WoMAN, A. Mosa.di. Women, basadi; a young, or marriage able woman, moroba; an old woman, mosa.dinyana, sesa.din yana ; many women, tshadi. Wm1B. The womb of a woman, popelo, sebopelii ; the womb of an animal, setsala. ; a. barren womb,sebopelii sa boopa; fruit of a. womb, lotsalo; a cow's or wild animal's womb, lekan; a. falling down, or projection of the womb, sehudu, need as a curse ; medicine acting on the womb in childbirth, magoro mecho. W o N DE R, TO. Gakga.mala. Wonder at, gakga.malela ; to cause to wonder, gakga.matsa; a wonder, kga.kgamaoo; to pre tend to wonder, ikga.kga.ma disa.; to wonder, or be in doubt, a.kanya ; I wonder if he will come, ka re, ka.na a o tla tla. P a rure a o tla tla P WONDERFUL. That which is wonderful, se se ga.kgama.tsaii. ; a wonderful work, tibo ea bo natla.; it is wonderful, ke mo go ga.kga.matsa.ii.. WONT, TO BE. Tlwaela. A wont, or custom, tlwaelii; I am wont, or accustomed, to do thus, ke tie ke dihe ya.lo ; I am not wont to do thus, ga nke ke diha yalo; his wonted work, tiho ea ga.gwe ea gale. WooD. A piece of wood, logoii., pl. dikgoii. ; on wood, or in wood, logonyeii.; to work in wood, as a carpenter, betla ; to gather wood, r>Valela ; I am going to gather wood, ke E'a dikgonyeii.; a wood, or thicket, sekgwa ; a fog of wood, see LoG; a lnmp of partially burnt wood, mocwaishii, motimela; touchwood, or rotten wood, konu; a piece of wood, cut off another lengthwise, phatsa, phaphi; to ride wood to mar ket, reia (hybrid). WooL. Boooea; boboa. Matted wool, boooea bo diga.re ; a fleece, or bundle of wool, se setlo, sesetlbii ; a place in a skin destitute of wool, logwete. WORD, A. Lehoko. Words, ma hoko ; the word which say, ye go tweii ; words heard from a distance, maga.no; first spoken, or preliminary words, diketapele tsa. mahoko ;. upon my word! ana!

    PAGE 245

    243 WoRDY. A wordy person, motho oa. sephoko, motho oa. diphoko. WoRK. TihO; pereko (hybrid). To work, diha., bereka.(hybrid); to work for, or serve, dibela.; a. mighty, or wonderful work, tihO ea. bona.tla. ; to work care lessly, or badly, shwala.ea.; to be full of, or hindered by work, kakega. ; to engross, as work, ka.ka. ; to urge a. person on in work, or be exacting in expect ing work, goba.gobetsa.; to do a. great deal of hard work, khu bitla ; to work cleverly in orna.. mental work, tsa.ntsa.betsa.; to work cleverly, or cunningly, tsets{ma., tsetseneka. ; to work badly or bunglingly, kgometha.; to work, or labour for them, ba tsenela. letsa.pa.; it will work together with death, e tla. diha.na. le losho ; work thou to gether with him, u dihisa.nye na.e ; he will make them work, o tla. ba eh wa.risa. tibo, o tla. ba. dihisa.. WORKER, A. Modihi; mmereki (hybrid). A clever worker, motsetseneki, motsa.ntsa.betsi. WoRLD, THE. Leha.tshe. WoR1I, A. Seboko. A thick, w bite worm found in kralls and rotten wood, thethe; a. small worm destructive to clothes, motoutwa.ne ; a. small worm living in a. grass-woven case, kgorosa.ne. WORMWOOD. Loiiana. WORN OUT. See OLD. woRsE. To become worse, ke ketsega; to make worse, ke ketsa. ; to become worse in wickedness, beha. ; to be worse for wear, goberega.; to make worse than before, gobera ; worse than, ma.shwe bogolo go. WoRSHIP. Koba.melo. To wor ship, o ba.mela. ; to dance to, bina.. WoRSHIPPER, A. Mooba.medi; mooba.medi. WoRTH. What is its worth, or price P sea. ya. eii. P WoRTHLESS. A worthless person or thing, sesho. WoRTHY, To BE. Chwa.neia.; leka.na.. He who is worthy to be praised, eo o chwa.necweii ke go ba.kwa., eo o leba.nyweii. ke go ba.kwa.; he is worthy of glory, o chwanetse kga.laleio; to be accounted worthy, go ka.iwa. chwa.neio ; he is worthy to be helped, o cbwa.netse go thusiwa. ; a. worthy one, mo chwa.nedi WouLD. Kabo, ka. bo, ko, tlo. He would have said, o ka. bo o reile, o ko a. reile ; it would be well, go ko go le molemo ; you would say, lo tlo le re ; the heart would not have known, pelo e ka. bo e se ka. e itse ; we would not eat it, ga. re ka. re se ya. ; it would be said, goa. tlo go twa.; he who had vowed would, etc., eo o ika.nneii. o 18. a. ka. a., etc. ; I would buy, nka. bo ke reka.; I would not buy, nkabo ke sa. reke ; he would have worked, o ka.bo a. dihile; he would have gone a.wa.:f, a. bo a. tsama.ea.; they would listen, di ne di tla reetse ; I would have bought, nka.bo ke rekile. WOUND. A slight wound, kwe nesho; a. severe wound, tsa.nko ; a. gaping wound, ka.rolO; in ternal wounds, or bruises, diii.alo, matsadi; to wound him, go mo ntsha dintho; to wound slightly, kwenesa; to wound superficially, or graze, kgele disa; to wound severely, tsanka.; to wound by striking hard, yanya ; to wound slightly on the head, onya; to wound by bruising seriously, keteka., te keta.; to make a large, gaping wound, arola ; to wound by beating, uba.; to wound with an axe, rema..

    PAGE 246

    244 WouNDED. They were wounded, ba le ba le dinthii ; to kill a wounded animal, hohotsa. WoUNDS. Many wounds, ma tsaukatsanka, matsankiitsanko. WOVEN. A woven thing,selogii. WRAP. To wrap, or wrap round, hapa ; to wrap oneself round. iphapa; to wrap or cover one. self in a cloak, ikhurumetsa ka kobii. WRATH. Kgalehii; chakgalii; boshakala. To be wroth, ga. leha, shakgala. WRENCH. 1'o wrench open a closed hand, huJlorolola. WRESTLE, TO. Kampana. To lift and throw in wrestling, chweka ; to press down to the earth in wrestling, gatelela ; one thrown in wrestling, se heno. WRIGGLE, TO, Imenekanya; imeneka. WRING. To wring or twist, shiika ; to wring out, gamola; to wring off, or break off, at a joint., lekolola; to wring a neck, shiika thamo. WRINKLE, A. Leiitlhii ; leshwabi; khwanii, Int. WRINKLED. To be wrinkled, or creased, shoshobagana; he is wrinkled, o maiithlo. WRIST, A. Legweyana. A sprained wrist, sebitlii. WRITE, TO. Kwala. WRITHE. See WRIGGLE. WRITING, A. Lokwalii. WRONG. To do wrong to, or oppress, patika; to wrong, or damage,senyetsa; to do wrong, siamolola. WRONGLY. To do a. thing wrongly, a.tlahala. WROTH, TO BE. Ga.kala. WRY. To make a wry face after eating something nasty, tsitlama ; to make a wry face, as if a.bout to cry, betlelela. Y. YARD. A front ya.rd, lolwa.pa.; a back yard, segiitlii. YAWN, TO. Edimola; idimola. YE, Iona, nyima. YEAN, TO Tsa.la. YEAR, A. Nwaga; nyaga. This year, monoii.waga; last year, ii.ogiila ; next year, isa.gii ; to commence a new year, heathen fashion, I oma ii.waga ; the new year has commenced, ii.wa.ga oa loii.wa; year by yea.r, ka iiwaga ii.waga. YEAST. Sebedishii; letlha.begii. YELLOW. Setlha.; tshetlha, fem. tshetlhana. Those who are yellow, ba ba setlha; a yellow horse, or, the horse is yellow, pitse e le tshetlha. YELLOWNESS. Bosetlha. YESTERDAY. Maabane. Theday before yesterday, maliiba a maabane ; he came yesterday, o letse a tsile ; he did not come yesterday, ga a ka a. !ala a tsile ; she went to the boyale yesterday, o letse a ile boyale; she did not take it out yester day, ga aka a. !ala a se ntshitse maabane. YET. Yet, or nevertheless, leha. go ntse yalo ; I bave not yet seen it, ga ke e se ke e bone ; it is not yet full, ga se e se se tlale ; the end is not yet, e be e se e ne bokhutlii ; they were not yet helped, ba bo ba e se ba thusiwe ; I have not yet seen, ga e se nke ke bone. YoKE, A. Yokwe (hybrid). To put on a yoke, pega yokwe ; to wear a yoke, rwala yokwe ; to be yoked together with, pa.tagana le. YOKEFELLOW. My yokefellow, morwala yokwe oa me. YoLK. 'rhe yolk of an egg, tlaee ea lee, tlaee ea letsa.e. YoNDER. Kwa; hale; ka hale. Yonder horse, pitse ele; yon

    PAGE 247

    245 der town, motse ole ; yonder person, motho eole. 'YoUNG. Young or tender, nana, nananyana; he is young, o monana ; they are young, "ba banana ; a young wild animal, senamana; a young child, or animal, serametlsne; a young sprout, lecwela; a young ll)&n, lekoloane; a young woman, moroba. YOUR. Your ox, kgomo ea gago, kgomo ea Iona; kgomo ea ny{ma; your father, rrago, harago, rra. Iona, rra eno; your people, ba ga Iona, ba ga eno. YounsELP. Ka. wesi. You will kill yourself, u tla ipolaea. YouRSELVES. You youmelves, Iona ka. losi ; you will kill yourselves, lo tla ipolsea. YoUTH. Bokau. A youth, le kau ; a youth just out of cir cumcision, lekoloanyane. z. ZE.A.L. TlbOahaJ.ii ; kgakalii. ZEALOUS, TO BE. Tlhiiahala, gakala; to be zealous for, ga kalela ; a zealous one, motlhiia. ha.di. ZEBRA., A.. Pitse.

    PAGE 249

    LOKW ALO LOA MAHOKO A SECW ANA LE SEENELES. 1.0 RULAGANCWE KE JOHN BROWN. KABO EA BOBEDI. MAHOKO A SECWANA A HETOLECWE MO PUON EA SEENELES. LO GATISICWE KE BUTLER & TANNER, FROME AND LONDON. !895

    PAGE 251

    A. against another ; to canse to lean. 0 aegile lomati, he has A. These. MatlbO a, these caused the plank to lean. eyes. Sign of the possessive: AEGILWE. Secwalo se aegilwe, matlho a gagwe, his eyes. Sign the door is put to lean. of the imperative : a ba. tie, let AEGOLOLA. To remove a leaning them come. Sign of the interthing. rogative: a ba tsile? have they AGA. To build. come P AGALANA. To live together ; to ABA. To give; to divide ; pass. be neighbours. abiwa., and aywa. AGECWE. Built for. ABAKA. To divide, as with both AGELA = Beela. Lehoko ya bands; to squander. kgosi le agela mosa.ko, the ABALANA. To divide among each chief's word inspires trust. other. AGELELA. To tarry with, or live ABECWE. Ke abecwe, I am prewith for a time, as when visit. sented with. Ba abecwe nama ing i to edify. le madi, they are sharers of AGELELANA. To be friendly with flesh and blood. each other; to be at peace with ABELA. To divide for; to give each other. Go agelelana le to ; to present with ; to distribOna, to be on friendly tenns bute. with them. ABi:LWA. To be made a partaker AGILE. PeTf. of aga. Ke agile of. nae, I live with him. ABILWE. PeT/. pass. of aba. AGISA. To cause to build; to ABIWA. Pass. of aba. make peace. ABO LA. To make a large openAGISANTSE. Perf. of a.gisanya. ing; to break open, a.s a house AGISANYA. Go agisa.nya. batho, or wound. to make people at peace with ABULA. To flap the wings slowly, each other. Go agisa.nya batho as vultures about to alight; to le Modimo, to make men at try to walk, as an infa.ut. peace with God. Ga ba agisa.nye, AcwA. To help those who have they are not at peace with each suffered loss; to make good other. Go agisa.nya le Modimo, a loss; to give to a needy per-to be at peace with God. son. AGIWA. Pass. of aga. ADILE. PeT/. of ala. AGTERELAE. Tlhobolo ea. ADILWE. Perf. pass. of ala.. E agterelae, a breech-loading adilwe dimati, 1t is floored with rifle (hybrid). boards. AHE. Maina ahe P which names P Annu. To lend; to borrow. AICWE=Aitse. ADINWA. Pass. ofa.dima. AILA. To walk slowly, picking Ai:GA. To put one thing to lean up one's feet with difficulty. 249

    PAGE 252

    250 A ITS E. Of course; truly; surely; you know. AKA. To lie ; to tell lies. AKABADIWo\. Pa,ss. of akabala. Go akabadiwa ke t!ela, to be in doubt as to the road. AKABALA. To be perplexed ; to be bewildered ; to halt between two opinions. AKABATSA. To cause to be in doubt; to bewilder. AKAHALA. To commit adultery. Used either of a. man or wo man. AKAJIETSA. To approach and spread out, as an attacking force ; to put grass on a roof temporarily; to put sticks, etc., as a temporary fence. AKANTSE. Perf. of a.kanya. AKANYA. To reason; to debate in one's mind; to think over; to-ponder. AKANYETSA. To reason for ; to consider, or think for. AKANYO. A reasoning ; a. won dering or cogitation. AKEDITSE. Perf. ofa.ketsa. AKELA. To lie to, or about ; to listen attentively to; to obey. AKETSA. To lie to ; to lie against; to speak falsely about. AKGA. To swing anything from side to side. AKGAAKGA. To bother. or weary, as by leading about hither and thither. AKGAAKGANA. To bother, as by many speaking at once; to pass speedily from one work to another. AKGAAKGEGA. To be unstable; to be changeable in purpose; to be in doubt, as concerning a path. Go akgaakgega mo peduii, to be distracted, to be bothered. AKGANA. To vary, or dift"er in telling a story ; to disagree in making a report. AKGANWA. To pass from one to another; as a thing much lent. AKGATECWA. To be too long tongued. AKGEGA. To be swung from side to side; to sway. Akge!l& mo, to hang from. Se akgegile mo seatleii. sa gagwe, it is hang ing from his hand. AKGOLA. To dandle, as an in fant; to toss up and down ; to remove the dikgoba with hand when winnowing. A KO. A ko n tle, please come. AKOHA. To hasten ; to make haste; to come quickly. 0 tla akoha a tsamaea, he will soon go. AKOHISA. Oaus. ofakoha. AKOLA. To become fat (of ani mals); to be fat (of meat). AKOTSE. Perf. of akola;. Di akotse, the_y_ are fat. AKOTSHA. :Metse a. t]a; akotsha a bela, the water will soon boil. Akotsha come quickly A di akotshe, let them come quickly. AKWA. Pa,ss. of aka. -ALA. To spread a skin, etc., out on the ground. ALAHA. To doctor. ALAHIWA. Pass. ofala;ba. ALAHWA. Pass. ofala;ba. ALE. Maru ale, those clouds yonder. ALELA. To put a framework of sticks under meat in a pot. ALETSA. To make a bundle of sticks, etc., ready for tying up; to scold, or talk against anum ber of people without distin guishing one from another. ALOGA. To be finished, as a work, ceremony, etc.; to come out of a heathen ceremony at its close. Go a.loga botsetse, to cease (pf the lochial dis charge). Nwana o alogile, the child's navel is healed. ALOLA. To take up that which was spread out;= Leleka. ALOSA. To give a boy -or girl new clothes on coming out of heathen ceremony.

    PAGE 253

    251 AKA. To touch. AKAOANA. To touch each other. AMAGANYA. To put things so that thez touch each other. AMANA. To touch each other. Amana nae, touch him. AKANYE. PIJ'Y'f. of amana. AHARURE. Verily ; truly ; of a truth. Lehoko le amarure, the word is true. AMILE. P!J'Y'f. of ama. AHOGA. To take; to ta)i:e with out leave, or contrary to wish. AMOGANA. To give and receive mutually ; to receive mutual benefit. AMOOELA. To receive or take a thing offered. Mo amogele, receive him. AMOLA. To deprive of food by taking the largest share ; to help, or rescue a person in difficulties. 0 mo amotse mo go eo moii.we, he has rescued him from the other one. AHOLOGA. To become divided, as friends. AMOLOGANA. To separate by mutual consent. AHPO=Kgampo. AMULE. Pe1j. of anya. AMUSA. Caus. ofanya; to suckle. ANA. An inte!"-\ection denoting surprise; why. upon my word ANAMA. To spread, as a tree's roots; to spread out, as a land. Go anama le lehatshe yeotlhe, to spread abroad into all the world. Metse a anametse kwa kgakala, the water is spread out far and wide. ANAliiiSA. To cause to spread. ANANTSE. P!J'Y'f. of ananya. ANANYA. To exchange. ANAPA=Apatla, and Apaapa. ANEGA. To spread anything out, so as to dry or air. ANOGA. To break up and dis appear, as clouds or darkness. ANYA. To suck, as an infant. ANYALOOA. To throw off a cloak, etc. ANYILE. P!J'Y'f. ofanya. ANYIWA. Pass. ofanya. ANYocu. To strip ; to throw off clothing. ANYOLOLA. To cut straight poles. ANWA. Pass. of anya. Ao. An expression of sorrow, or reproach. Ao ntlha! oh that if only Aosi. Madi aosi, blood only, AOTLHE. Madi aotlhe, all the blood. APAAPA. To grope, or feel in the dark for a thing whose whereabouts is known. APAEA. To cook; to bathe, or foment, with hot water. PIJ'Y'[. apeile. APARA. To dress ; to put on upper garments ; to dress one self. P!J'Y'f. apere. Ba sa apare, they do not clothe themselves. APARWA. Pass. ofapara. APATLA. To or feel one's way, as a bhnd man ; to walk with a foolish gait, as a drunken man ; to travel by a road not known; to feel one's way when speaking about an unfamiliar subject. APEELA. To cook for. APEGA. To become cooked. APERE. Perf. ofapara. APESA. Caus. of apara. To clothe. A di mo apesa, he clothed him with them. APESIWA.0 Pass. ofapesa. APoGA. To be undressed. APOLA. To undress; to take off upper garments. Go apola matlhii, to open the eyes. APOLWA. Pass. ofapola. APOTSE. P!J'Y'f. ofapola. ARA. To cut open a swelling or sore. ARABA. To answer. Pass. araywa. ARui:ELA. To warm oneself ; to smoke with medicine. Go di aramela musi, to them with burning medicine.

    PAGE 254

    252 Go aramela.letsatsi, to lie, or bask in the sun. Se o ka ara mela.ii. ka. shona, that which he can warm himself with. ARAYWA. Pass. ofa.raba. ARELA. To cut deeply into a. sore, so as to let out the matter ; to open an abscess at the lower part, or on one side ; to dig into an animal's hole at a distance from the entrance, and in the direction in which the hole points. AaoGANYA. To cleave asunder; to divide lengthwise, ARoLA. 1'o make a large open. ing in a sore ; to make a large, gaping wound. To hold out a hand expecting to receive something one does not get. AsHETSA=Asetsa. ATA. To breed (of animals); to increase (of people). ATAMALANA. To approach each other. ATAMEDIWA. Pass. ofatametsa. ATAMELA. To approach. ATAMETSA. To cause to ap. proach. A1-i:LA. To increase for ; to breed for. ATLA. To kiss. ATLAATLA.. To kiss much ; to fondle. ATLA.BALA, To extend; to spread out. ATLA.HALA. To work"carelessly or clumsily ; to bungle ; to err in doing work, either from carelessness, or incapacity. ATLANEGA.. 'fo be too much, or too numerous, as a large heap of gathered locusts, a super abundance of food, or an im mense drove of game. ATLANEGELA. To be too much for. Diyo di mo atla.negetse, the food is too much for him. ATLAPA=Apa.tla. ATLARELA. 'fo receive with open arms ; to receive with palms of the hands sptead out. ATLATLELA. To provide medi cine or food for a sick person. ATLEGA. To spread things out; to the hands wide open. ATLELA. To visit unexpectedly ; to come to, or meet unexpect edly. ATLELWA. To be visited unex pectedly ; to be met unex pectedly. ATLHAMA. To be wide; to be wide open, of a mouth, etc. ; to be open-mouthed, as with astonishment. ATLHAME. Perf. of atlbama. Mamphorwana a a.tlhame me lomo, the chickens have their months wide open. ATLHAMELA. To open wide for; to open wide into. A:rLHAMISA. To cause to be wide open; to make broad or wide. ATLHAMOLOGA. To become wide open. ATLHAMOLOSA. To cause to be come wide open. ATLHOCWE. 0 a.tlhocwe, he is acquitted. ATLHOGA. To become settled satisfactorily; to be decided to the satisfaction of one inter ested. ATLHOLA. To decide a disputed question ; to arbitrate ; to judge. Ba mo atlhola. gore a shwe, they condemned him to death. ATLHOLELA. To decide for; to decide in a manner favourable to. Ba mo atlholela. go shwa, they condemned him to death. ATLHOTSE, Perf. ofatlhola.. Ba mo atlhotse, they have ac quitted him. A:I'SA.NYA.. Go atsa.nya magano, to speak at cross purposes. AYWA. Pass. of aba.

    PAGE 255

    253 BA. Again. Perf. bile. Particle of nouns beginning with ba. Pers. pron. they. BAA. Baa roiiwa, they are sent. Baa pelo=baea pelo. BAABERWI. Pt of moaberwi. BAAKAHADI. Pl. of moakabadi. BAAKANCWE. Perf. pass. of baaka.nya, prepared. BAAKANTSE. Perf. of baaka.nya, BAAKANYA. To prepare; to make ready; to set in order. Pass. baaka.ii w a. BAAKANYEDICWE. Prepared for. BAAKANYETSA. To prepare for; tc make ready for. BAAKI. Pl. of moaki. BAANYA=Baakanya. BAANYETSA=Baaka.nyetsa. BAANWA= Baakaii wa. BAAPOSTOLOI. Pl. of moapo-stoloi. BABA. Pl. of mmaba. To itch, or be irritable; to irritate, or cause to itch, as vermin; tc prick, as very fine thorns; tc smart, as an eye. BABADI. Pl. of mmadi. BABALELA=Tlamela, and gote lela. BABANCWE. Perf. pass. of babanya. BABANTSE. Perf. of babanya. BABANYA. To crack, as fire a pot in the kiln. BABANYEGA. 'fo be cracked (of earthen vessels, worked wood, etc.); to deny vehemently. BABAPATSI. Pl. ofmmapatsi. BABEA. To walk softly, on account of sore feet; to walk stealthily. BABEDI. Two. Batho babedi, two people. BABELA. 1'o ornament wooden spoons, etc., by burning marks on them. BABELAHADI. Pl. ofmmelahadi, BABELEGI. Pl. ofmmelegi. BABELEGISI. Pt. of mmelegisi. BABEREKI. Pt. of mmereki. BABOBODI. Pl. of mmobodi. BABODI. Pl. of mmodi. BABODUHADI. Pl. ofmmoduhadi. BABOGA. To become scorched, or singed. BABOLA. To scorch, or singe. BABOLAEA. Pl. of mmolaea. BABOLAI. Pl. of mmolai. BABOLEDI, Pl. of mmoledi. BABOTLANA. Pl. of mmotlana. BABOTLANYANA. P/,. of mmo tlanyana. BABUISI. Pt of mmuisi. BACUOLODI. Pt. of mocuolodi. BACWAIWA. Pl. ofmocwaiwa. BACWANA. Pt. ofmocwana. BADIHI. Pl. ofmodihi. BADILE. Perf. of bala. BADILWE. Perf. pass. of bala; counted ; read. BADIMA. To appear (of a new moon) ; to shine, as lightning. BADIMO. Evil spirits. BADISA. Pl. of modisa. BAEA. To place ; tc set down. Perf. beile. Baea pelo, wait ; have patience. BAELEGISI, Pl. of moelegisi. BAEN. Pt. of moeii. HAETI. Pl. of moeti. BAETSI. Pl. of moetsi. BA GA. Bana ba ga maii P whose children are they P BAGALADI. Pl. of mogaladi. BAG ANI. PT,. of mogani. BAGODI. Pt. ofmogodi. BAGODUN. Pl. of mogoduii. BAGOGABANYANA. Pl. of mo gogabanyana. BAGOGAIE. Pt. of mogogaie. BAGOGI. Pl. ofmogogi. BAGOGWADI, Pt ofmogogwadi. BAGOKAHADI. Pl. of mogoka.badi. BAGOLO. Pt. of mogolo. BAGOLWANE. Pl. oj'mogolwane, BAGOMA. Pl. of mogoma. BAGOMOTSI. Pl. of mogomotsi, BAGWE, Pl. of mogwe. BAHE. Batho balre P which people P

    PAGE 256

    254 HAHULA. PZ. of mohula. BAHUMANEGI. PZ. of mohu manegi. BAIKEPI. PZ. ofmoikepi. BAIKGOGOMOSI. PZ. Of moikgo. gomosi. BAIKI. Wood-boring beetles, Int. BAILA. To beat with the open hand ; to walk with turned-out toes. BAIPOLEDI. PZ. ofmoipoledi. .BAIYI. PZ. of moiyi. BAKA. To praise; to praise in song; to extol ; to, applaud; to cease entirely from doing. BAKAULENWE. PZ. of mokau leiiwe. BAKEGA. To become praised ; to be blessed. BAKELA. To cease entirely from doing. BAKETSE. Perf. of bakela. 0 baketse boleo, he has ceased entirely from sin. BAKGETHISI. PZ. ofmokgethisi. BAKGOBI. PZ. of mokgobi. BAKGORI. PZ. ofmokgori. BAKGOTU. PZ. ofmokgotu. BAKHONKHOBE. PZ. of mokhonkhobe. BAKWA. Pass. of baka. BALA. To count; to read ; to kill, or be the first to wound an animal, and hence have a claim to it. BALABALA, To babble ; to chat. ter; to prate; to talk without ceasing. BALALA. PZ. of mola.la. BALALEDIWA. PZ. of molale. diwa. BALATODI. PZ. n.f molatodi. BALE. Ba.tho bale, those people yonder. BALECWE. Perf. pass. of balela.. Ke balecwe ke mathe, I have a choking sensation in my throat. BALEGA=Hatoga, and Sia. BALEKANE. PZ. of molekane. BALELA. To bind round the edges of a. thatched roof, or the top of a lolwapa hedge ; to read for; to count for ; to cause a. choking sensation in the throat. BALEOHI. PZ. of moleohi. BALKPI. PZ. ofmolepi. BALkTI. PZ. o.f moleti. BALOGA. To be in heat, used of a bitch, or any animal having paws. BALOMATSEBE. PZ. of molomatsebe BALOTLHANYI. PZ. of molo-tlhanyi. BALOTSANA. PZ. ofmolot.sana. BALWETSE. PZ. of molwetse. BAMBANYEGA = Babanyega. BANA. PZ. ofiiwana. BANANA. PZ. ofmonana. BANE. Batho bane, four people. BANKANA. PZ. ofmonkana. BANKANE. PZ. o.f monkane. BANNA. Pl. ofmonna. BANONA. PZ. ofmonona. BANTSI. Many. Used with nouns in ba. BAN'l'SINYANA. Not a few. BAN YAN A. PZ. of iiwanyana. BANYATSI. PZ. of mon_I_atsi. BAN YE. Few, small. Used with nouns in ba. BAN. Neighbours. Ba.ii ka bona, their neighbours. BANONOREG 1. PZ. of moiioiioregi. BANWE. Some. Used with nouns in ba. Baiiwe ka Ema, his, or her companions. BANWENYANA, A few. BA6=Bauo. BAOBAMEDI. PZ. oJ moobamedi. BAOBAMEDI = Baobamedi. BAOMANI. Pi. of moowani. BAOPA. PZ. ofmoopa. BAOPEDI. PZ. of moopedi. BAPA. To be side by side; to be near each other, side by side, without touching. BAPAGA:MI. PZ. ofmopagami. BAP ALA. To gather together by trading; to acquire by trade ; to collect.

    PAGE 257

    255 BAPALELA. To acquire for; to collect for. BAPATELETSI. Pt ofmopateletsi. BAPATSA. Oa;u,s. of bapala; to sell. BAPELO=Baea pelo. BAPETISA. To baptize (hybrid). BAPETSE. Per.f. of bapala.. BAPHOUJIIEDI. Pl.ofmophoumedi. BAPISA. Oaus. ofbapa, to place side by side ; to compare ; to put on the same level ; to make equal. BAPOLA. To stretch out, and peg down, as an ox-hide for braying; to crucify. BARARO. Three. Used with nouns in ba. BARATARO. Six. Used with nouns in ba. BARATWA. Pl. ofmoratwa. BARATWI. Pl. of moratwi. BAROBI. Pt of morobi. BAROKA. Pl. of moroka. BARRA. Pl. of rra. BARUTI. Pl. ofmoruti. BARUTWA. Pl. ofmorutwa. BARUTWANA. Pl. ofmorutwana. BARUTWI. Pl. ofmorutwi. BARWA. Pl. of morwa. BARWADI. Pl. ofmorwadi. BARWETSANA. Pl. of morwe. tsana. BAs. A root used in tanning (hybrid). BAsA. To tan ; to colour in tanning (hybrid). BASADI. PZ. of mosadi. BASALAGAE. Pl. of mosalagae. BASEBI. Pl. of mosebi. BASETI. Pl. of moseti. BAS Pl. of mosetsana. BASHOTLI. Pl. of moshotli. BASHUPA. Seven. With nouns in ba. BASHUPI. Pl. of moshupi. BASHUSHU. Pl. ofmoshushu. BASHWAGADI. Pl. of mosbwa. gadi. BASHWI. PZ. of moshwi. BASIJIIEGI. Pl. ofmosimegi. BASISI=-Ma.sisi, lnt. BASOTHO. Pl. ofmosotho. BATA. To slap with the hand ; to smite. Go bata leitlho, to shut an eye. BATALALA. To lie down so as to hide. BATANYA. To throw flat on the ground. BATANYETSEGA. To fall, or be thrown flat on the ground. BATAOLEGA. To be dry, or parc.hed, as a mouth. BATEGA. To plaster a wall by throwing lumps of clay on. BATEI,A. 'fo creep to by stealth, for an evil purpose ; to desire to have criminal intercourse with. BATHo. Pl. of motho. BA'fHONYANA. A fe1v people. BA1'HUN. Mo bathuii, among the people. BATIMEDI. Pl. of motimedi. BATLA. To seek ; to be about to do, but not actually to do. BATLADIKI. Pl. of motladiki. BATLAKW A. Pl. o.f motlakwa. BATLHALE. Pl. of motlhale. BATLHANKA. Pl. of motlhanka. BATLHANO. Five. Used with nouns in ba. BATLHATLEI. Pl. ofmotlhatlei. BATLHODI. Pl. of motlhodi. BATLHOMEDI. Pl.ofmotlhomedi. Pass. ofbatla. To sharpen a spear, etc., by beating it out. Go batola serope, to slap the thigh. BATSADI. Pt ofmotsadi. BATSANTSABETSI. Pl. ofmotsan. tsabetsi. BATsETSENEKI. Pl. of motsetseneki. BATSHEDI. Pl. of motshedi. BAUCWA. Pl. ofmoucwa. BAUO. Those. Used with nouns in ba. BAUTLWI. Pl. of moutlwi. BAWETSI. Pl. ofmowetsi. BE. E be e le go boea, it l)eing to return. Ke be ke tle, I come again.

    PAGE 258

    256 BEA. To hedge; to enclose by a. hedge; to make a. hedge. Pass. beiwa.. BEBENTSHA. Oaus. of bebenya.. BEBENYA. To tremble, as the lips of an angry, or a.mnsed person; to flicker, or shine, as distant lightning. BECWANA. Pt ofmocwa.na.. BEDILE. Perf. ofbela. BEDISA. Oaus. ofbela.. BEDITSE. Perf. of betsa.. BEDIWA. Pass. ofbetsa.. BEELA. To hedge for. B:E:ELA. To place for;' to allot. Beela pele, to place before, to place in front of. Beela dia.tla., to stretch out the hands, as when about to lay hold of .a. fugitive. Beela thOko, to put by for, to put on one side for. BEELECWE. Betrothed. Beelecwe ke, betrothed to. BEELELA. To betroth; to be speak a thing ; to give a. pledge for ; to make, or place a. mark as a sign for guidance; to place a. thing under a burden, as a cushion, or a. skin on a pack ox's back. BEGA. To find a thing not be longing to oneself; to find, or pick up accidentally ; to find a wild animal that had been wounded and escaped. BEHA. To fall (of a counte nance) ; to look sorrowful, or disappointed; to deteriorate morally; to become evil. Tiho e e behileii., tiho e e mashwe. BEHEGA. To become changed, as a. countenance. BEHEL.\.. To look at, as if offended or grieved. BEHOGA. To seem about to vomit, as a. dog. BElLE. Perf. of ba.ea.. BEISA. Oaus. ofbaea.. BEIWA. Pass. ofbea.. BBKA. To cut meat into thin slices for curing ; to take a. wife to her new home. BEKA. To affront; to offend; to treat with indignity, or contempt ; to presume. Mosese o bekile mosadi, the dress does not become the woman, being too good for one in her station. Lehoko lea. mmeka, the word hurts his feelings. BEKARA. To copulate. Used of male sheep and goats. BEKARWA. To copulatt>. Used of female sheep and goats. BEKEGA. To become cut into thin slices. B:EKEGA. To become affronted, or offended ; to be stabbed by a word; to be heart-sore. A ua bekega ? are you affronted? are your feelings hurt ? B:EKWA. Pass. ofbeka. BELA. To boil; to become leavened; to dance with a per son ; to lift a person up in pride, and cause him to become boastful. B:ELA. See BEELA. BELAELA. To doubt ; to be in doubt about; to be uncertain in one's mind. Bi:LAELA=Belaela., Int. BELAESEGA= Belaetsega. BELAETSA. Oaus. of belaela. BELAHALA. To boast; to become boastful; to behave proudly. BELEHETJ.EGA. To bellow much, as a. cow when leaving her calf; to cry much, as a cross child. BELEEGA. To be impudent ; to talk impudently. BELEGA. To bear a burden; to carry ; to bring forth-used of a woman. BELEGE. Perf. ofbelega. BELEGISA. Oaus. of belega. BELEGOLOLA. To unburden. Go belegolola. kgomo, to free a from its burden. BELEGWA. Pass. ofbelega. BELESA. To cause to carry; to load upa pack-ox. BELE'rHANA. To gather together in a. great crowd.

    PAGE 259

    257 :BELETSA. To beat for. }!EL WA. To be exalted, or lifted up. Used in a bad sense. BENO. Batho beno=batho ba gago ; batho ba Iona. BEN. ofmoii., a master. Beii. ba rona, our masters. BEocw:E. Perf. pass. of beola. BEOLA. To shave ; to shear; to shave off a part of the hair. BEPA. To cease from anger; to cool down, as an angry man. BERA. To prate ; to talk incessantly. BEREKA. To work (hybrid). BESA. To roast; to broil; to bake. BESICWE. Perf. pass. ofbesa. BESIWA. Pass. ofbesa. BETA. To choke; to strangle; to grasp by the throat. Go beta dikucho, to seize by the throat. BET ABET A. ro speak in a low, murmuring tone. BETEGA. 0 betegile momeco, His throat is closed up. BE'rELELA. To hold down; to overcome for an evil purpose; to master ; to press down, as in fighting. BETELWA. Go betelwa ke pelo, to be bitter against. BETLA. To work with an adze ; to work in wood; to do the work of a carpenter. BETLELELA. To make a wry face, as if about to cry. BETOGA. To cry without cause; to be dissatisfied; to be dis pleased without cause. BETOLOGA. To rise above the skin, as proud flesh ; to swell and protrude, as a child's navel. BETSA. To beat when standing; to punish. BETSEGA. To gush out; to burst out; to come out of place; to rush out. BETS!. Pl. of Nwetsi. BETWA. Pu-ss. of Beta. Go be twa ke pelo, to be sad; to be peevish; to be angry. B:EwA. Pass. of Baea. BIBIN. A kind of eagle or vul ture. BxcwA. Pass. ofBipa. BIDIKAJIIIA. To roll oneself about on the ground, or in bed; to wallow. BIDILALA. To be in the wrong place, as something fallen from a wagon. BIDILEGA. To put things where they ought not to be ; to strew about out of place. Di bidile gilwe ke ena, they have been strewn about by him. BIDILETSE. Perf. ofbidilala. BIDITSE. Perf. ofbitsa. BIDIWA. Pass. ofbitsa. BIHA=0manya. BILATSA. To eat up all the food; to drink up all the drink. BILE. Per f. of ba. Again ; also. Ba bile ha robetse, they are asleep again. A bile a tshedile, he was alive again. A bile a na le ditsala, he had some friends also. BILETSA, To call to. BILOGA. To shoot up, as water; to bubble up ; to rise to the surface, as a fish, etc. BILOLA. To cause to shoot up, or rise up, as water, etc. BINA. To dance ; to worship by dancing; to venerate a fetish ; to sing a dance tune. Perf. binne. BINNE. Perf. ofbina. BIPA. To cover; to bide by covering ; to spread over; to veil. Pass. bicwa and bipiwa. BIPILWE. Covered. BIPIWE. Pass. of bipa. BIPOLOLA. To uncover; to remove a covering; to unveil. BISA. Go bisa go bona, not to see ; without seeing. BITIA. To patch. Pass. bitiwa. BITIELA. To cover over ; to put a patch on ; to kill on the sly ; to assassinate. BITIWA, Pass. ofbitia. B

    PAGE 260

    258 BITLA. To rub with the finger, as a sore eye, or a kaross when killing vermin; B ITSA. To call; to cry out. P61"f. biditse. BITSANYA. To eaU each other. Bo. The varying uses of bo are so numerous that it is imprac ticable to explain them all. A few examples only are selected. Ba bo ba na nae, they were with him. Ka go bo=ka gonne. Bomonnawe, pZ. of monnawe. Bogobe yo bo yewaii, the bread that is eaten. Ea bo e le mo t1uii, it was in the house. A bo a mo thusa, he was helping him. Bo ke ena=ha e le e!la. Bo ra maii.maii., so and so's family. BoA=Boea. BoAno:ELA. To return again and again ; to apply often ; to dun. BoAGO. A dwelling place; a habitation ; a building plane. BoAKA. Fornication; lascivious ness; debauchery. Go diha boaka, to commit adultery. BoAMARURE. Truth ; true. Ka boamarnre, truly. BOATLA. Unskilfulness; clumsi ness ; carelessness; failure or error in work. PZ. diwatla. BoATLHAMO, Width; breadth. BoBA. To hide by stooping ; to hide behind something. BonA. To eat fast ; to gulp down food. BonE. Excess ; very much; too much. Danger, Int.=Mashwe. BooED!. The second. Used with nouns in ba. Bon:ELA. To pit, as a swelling when pressed ; to become in dnted, or pressed in. Bon:Eo. A place fur putting things. BOBETO. Cross, or fretful; crossness in a child. BonETSA. OOIUB. of bobela. To cause to pit ; to indent, or press in with a finger. Bonr. A spider's web. Pl. mabi. Bonmmmr. Impenetrable; the place where the babidibidi live. Bonmmr. An expanse of land, or water; very large or exten sive, as a large swelling, a large army, or a wide-spreading plot ofland. Bonr"N=Mashweii.. In danger, Int. BonrPo. Future darkness; hades. Boooou. Laziness; lazy. BOBOA=Boboea. BoHOKA. Wool; hair of an animal. Bonor. Fearful ; blunt. Bon6K6. Brains. BonoKWE= Bocwelelopele, Int. BonoLA. To be ill ; to be sick. BoooLOLO. A letting out time for cattle. BOBOLELARUR!i:. Truth, lnt. BonORA. To murmur, or talk in a low voice; to growl, as a dog. BonoRANA. To fear; to be drawn up, or shrugged up, a.s the arms and shoulders of a very cold or frightened person. BonoTLANA. Few; small. Ka bobotlana, in a small measure. Bonuounuou. Blueness; blue. 0 apere bobudubudu, he is clad in blue. BoBOLOKELO. A place for stor ing; a storehouse ; a garner. BocARARA. Anger; sour {of fruit, etc.) ; sourness. BocHOSABANNE. PZ. of chosabanne. BocHOGWI. PZ. of chogwi. BocHWAKGA=Bobodu. BoCHWARO. Bnndage. Boco. Place of exit. BocoHE. Old age. BocooucoKWANE. Orange-col. oured ointment used to smear women's faces, pZ. of ooduoo kwane. BocwALELO. A plane for shut-

    PAGE 261

    ting up cattle, etc. ; a hold, or fastness. BocwANA. Pertaining to a mo. cwa.na. BocwELECWEL E= Leherehere. BocWELELOPELE. Perseverance; advance. BOCWERERE=Boowiriri. Bocwmrar. Neatness, or nicety in work ; art. BoDIBA. A pool in a river bed; an open space of water sur. rounded by reeds, etc. Boor no. A a doing. BODIHOKWANE. Pt. of dibo. kwane. BoDIKI. Deliberate; slo1v in speech or action; deliberation. BoDIKOLOGiil. Slow. Used of a person. BoorKOLOGO. A place to go round by ; a circuit. BoDILA. Bluntness of teeth from eating something sour ; very sour. Used of thick milk. Pl. madila.. BoDILE. Perf. of biila. A small short-horned rhinoceros. Boouw. Phekelii ea bodimo, the opposite side of a cow to that used in milking. BoDIPA. Headstrongness; de fiance; stubborn pride ; im pudence ; crossness of a child. BoorsA. Cam. of biila.. BoDISETLHANE. PLof disetlhane. BoorsHASHE. Pt. of dishashe. BODISHOWANE. Pl. of dishiiwane. BoorTSE. Perf. of botsa.. Hair of the tail of a horse, giraffe, etc. BooiWA. Pass. ofbotsa. BoDUHALA. 'l'o become lazy; to be lazy. BoDUIIATSA. Oaus. ofboduha.la.. BoouLi:Lo. A vessel for knead ing in. DoouLo. A sitting pla.oe ; room for sitting. BoDUMA. To become shrivelled, a.s a dry oorn stalk. Boduma. 259 yoa dikgokoii, a troop of wilde beests. BoDUPA. A bad scent, oril.avour; a stink. Sea bodupa, it smells badly. BoDUTU. Loneliness; ennui. 0 yewa ke bodutu, he is lonely. Boouro. A place for kneading. BoEA. To return ; to return from ; to shrink, a.s cloth. BOEABOEA. 'ro return again and again. BoEuu. Blue. BORDIEDI=Bobidibidi. Boi:LA. To return to. Go boela. kwa motsiii, to return to the town. Go boela kwa moragii, to return back ; to turn back. BoELEELE. Folly; foolishness. BoELELA. To return quickly, as from a good distance in one day. Boi:MO. Standing place ; stand ing room. Mo boemoii yoa. gago, in your stead, in your behalf. BoG A. To bear; to suffer; to endure. Rea. boga., we endure, etc. To put a thing in water, so that the water may not spill when carried. BoGACU. A tingling sensation in a cramped limb ; numbness. BoGADI. A dowry; cattle given to a wife's parents. BoG A GAP A. Contentiousness, Int. BoGAISHO. Excellency; excellent. BoG.UAKA. Bitterness; bitter. Ka boga.la.ka., bitterly. Meriigii e e bogala.ka., bitter herbs. BoG ALE. Anger; sharpness ; sbarp. Mo boga.liii, in anger. BoGAMO. 'l'he pla.ce of milking. Phekelii ea boga.mii, the place on a cow's side where the milker puts his head when milking. BoGANKA. Bravery ; fierceness in battle. BoGARE. The midst; the mid-

    PAGE 262

    260 die. E tla kga.oga.iiwa ka. bo ga.re, it will be cut asunder in the middle. BoGAREGANAGA. The wilderness; in the veldt. BoGATLAPA=Boboi. BoGATii. A. treading place. BoGAUCHWANE. Nearness. Ka boga.uch wane, close. BoGAUHE. Nearness. BoGELEGJ!fLE. Nearly ripe, used of fruit riper than bogoto. BoGISA. Caus. of boga.. To cause to bear ; to oppress ; to persecute. BoGISEDICWE. To have been persecuted for. BoGISETSA. To oppress ,for; to persecute for. BOGISITSE. PeT/. of bogisa.. BooiiBA. A tsamaea bogiiba. He went away and slept in the veldt. BoGOBE. Porridge; bread. BOGODIMO. Height. BoGODU. Theft. Boaiioii. Crust on the side, or bottom of a porridge pot. PZ. magiigii. BoGOKO. Dregs of fat after melting out. BoooLA. To bark, as a dog. Perf. bogotee. BoGiiLE. Deformity ; maimed state ; a blemish. B o G o L o Great ; greatness ; age. Bogolo go, greater than. Mo bogoloii, in greatness. BOGOLOGOCWANYANA. A. good time ago. BoooLoGoLo. Long ago ; of old. Le bogologolo, not a bit of it; never! nay verily BOGOLWANE=Bogolo. BooiiMA=Bodipa. BoGONOKO. An animal maimed through the loss of a member ; lacking a tail ; headless. BoGOPA. A. bur, or seed of grass which sticks to clothes. BoGOROGO. An arrival; time of arrival.. Boo68ANA. Chieftainship. BoGOSI. A kingdom; a govern ment. BoGOTSE. PeT/. of bogola.. BoGOTO. Unripeness (of fruit, etc.) ; unripe fruit in the first stage of ripening. Boo wADI. .Perverseness; obsti nacy. BooWAGADI. The town from which a man ha.s married a wife. BoowAYAGWE. The house of a man's father-in-law. BoGWANTA. Impudence; defi ance. BoGWEBA. Speckled. PZ. of kgweba. BoowERA. The circumcision ceremony. Go isa bogwera, to order the circumcision cere mony to take place. BiiHA. To bind; to tie round. BOHAHALELE. Extravagance ; wastefulness; prodigality. BoHECO. The last; a finishing; a completion. BOHECHWANA. A. little speed. BOHEHO. Light, not heavy; swift. Ka boheho, easily. 0 la a le boheho go bua, he was swift to speak. BoHELEHELE. Activity, lnt. BoHELELA. To give medicine to a barren woman. BiiHELELA MO. To bind in. BoHELELii. An end. BoHELEPA. Deceit; cunning. BoHELii. The last. Kwa boheloii, at the last. BoHEPHE=Botlhodi. BoHEREHERE. Deceit ; cunning. BoHIBIDU. Redness; scarlet; purple. BOHIHADU. Black ; blackness. BOHITLHANYANA. Obscurity. Ka bohitlha.nyana, obscurely. BoHIYE. A. woman's sister-inlaw; the wife of a woman's brother, Int. BOHOHU. Blindness.

    PAGE 263

    281 BongLooo. A place for descend-ing ; a descent. BoHOLOLA, To unbind; to untie. BonUBE. PZ. 'lf hube. BOHUBIDU=Bohibidu. BonuDisno. A grazing place. BoHUKU, A side chamber; a transept (hybrid). BoHULA. Greed; stinginess. 0 bohula, 'he is greedy, he is stingy. BoHULO. Pasturage. BoHUTSA.NA. Sorrow; sadness. Bonw A. Pass. of boha. BoHWIBIDU=Bohibidu. Bm=Boboi. BoiCHOKO. Self-restraint. BoiCHUBELO, A hiding-place; a -refuge. BOICHWARELANO. Mutual for giveness. BoiCHWARELO. Forgiveness. BOICOKECO. A place to go round by. BoiHA. To fear. BoiHANA. To fear each other. BoiHISA. To cause to fear. BoiKAELELO. A purpose; a determination ; an intention; a resolve. BOIKANYO. Confidence ; trust. BOIKANYOLOGO. Mistrust ; dis trust ; a cessation in trust. BOIKANO. Trust; faithfulness; faithful. BOIKEOLO. A going aside. BOIKEPO. Wickedness ; ungod liness ; a separation of oneself, with an evil purpose, or mo tive. BoiKETLO. Peace ; ease. BOIKANCHO. Self-esteem; pride; vaunting. BoiKGAPO. Self-restraint. BoiKGODISHO. Self-exaltation; pride. BoiKGOGOMosno. Self-exaltation ; pride. BoiKHUCO. Rest. BOIKITSISHO. Self-knowledge. BoiKOKOBECO. Meekness; hu-mility; lowliness; lowly. BoiKUTLWO. A feeling; a sen sation ; a sense of feeling. BOIKWATLHAO, Repentance; penitence. BoiLE. Perf. ofboea and boa. BonllA. Weight ; weighty ; heaviness ; heavy. BoiNOLOHACO. Humility. Bm:NoTLo. Humility. BoiPATLELo. Self-seeking. BoiPATO. An excuse. BoiPELAHA eo. Self glorifica-tion; glorying. BoiPHAPAANYO. Self-restraint; forbearance. BOIPHETLHO. Covetousness ; coveting; envying. BOIPIPOLOLO. Nakedness. BoiPOBOLO. A confessing; a confession. BoiPOLELO=Boipobolo. BoiTALECO. Presumption, Int. BoiTEKO. Self-trial ; probation; experience. BoiTEKANELO. Perfection ; per fect. B OITHALEGO. First menstruation. BoiTHAMAKO. Vanity. Motho oa boithamako=a vain man. BoiTHATO. Self-love. BoiTHIBO. Self-control; self restraint. BoiTHOMELO. Ntlo ea boitho melo, a BoiTHW ALO. A conception ; a conceiving. BoiTIBOLO. Firstbom. Nwana oa boitibolo, a firstbom child. BoiTIMOKANYO. Hypocrisy; dissembling. BoiTIRO. A self-made work. BOITLHAGANELO. Haste. BoiTLHOMAMISHO. Certainty. BOITLHOMO. An intention ; a thought. From itlhoma. BOITLHOMO. A set purpose ; a determination ; a fixed resolve. From itlhOma. BoiTLOTLO. Self-esteem. BoiTOBO. Nown,from itoba. BoiTOKO. A complaining; a complaint.

    PAGE 264

    262 BOITSEME. Unwillingness. BoiTSEMELECO. Unwillingness. Ka boitsemeleco, reluctantly; by shirking. BOITSENKELO. A. choosing; a choice. BolTS HA. To cause to fear. BoiTSHEGA. Drea.dfql; terrible ; fearful. Bon"SHEKISHO. Purifying ; pu Thanksgiving. BoiTUMELO. Gladness; joy. BoiYANE. A. young locust just out of the ground. Generic term for a.ll young locusts while still unable to fly. BoKA. A black, sticky substance obtained from the root of a. plant with flat, broad leaves; the bulb which yields a. cement for stopping holes ; pitch ; to. fan another. Go boka dintsi, to fan flies off with a. flapper. B6KA=Baka, to praise. BOKABAKAIEWE. Pl. of kabaka yewe. BoKAE. How many; number. BoKAKEAE. Anywhere; a. sup posed place. BoKAKA. Naughtiness; stub bornness; obstinacy. BOKALALA. 'l'o be heavy, or closing, as eyes through sleepi ness. BoKALETSE. Per f. of bokalala. BoKALO. So much; a. quantity. BoKANA. To crowd together .BoKANELA. 'l'o crowd upon ; to assail in crowds; to swarm about, as flies. BoKAPUKAPU. Watery, as food; in a. state of lluctuation, as a ripe abscess. BoKAU. Youth; the state of )OUth. BoKAULENWE. The brotherhood. BoKEI'ISHO. A furnace. BoKETE. Heaviness; heavy ; weight. BoKGAKALA. Farnrss; distance. BoKGAKGA. The soot or ashes inside a. pipe. BoKGAREBE. Pl. oflekgarebe. BOKGAYANE. Pl. ofkga.ya.ne. BoKGOLA=Lekatla. BoKGOLA=Loii.ola. BoKGOLOKWE, Roundness. BoKGOMA. Thickly set, as trees, pimples, etc. BoKGONWANA. A. number of young oxen. BoKGOPE. Pl. of kgope. BoKGOPO, Crookedness; la\vlessness. BoKGWABO. Tame; ta.menesa; docile ; harmless. BoKGWARA=Bothata. BoKGWOP6=Bokgwa.bo, Int. BoKHOHE. Pl. of khohe. BOKHUCHWANE=Bokhutsha.ne. BoKHUTLO. An end. Pl. di khutlo. BoKHUTSHANE. Shortness. BoKIMA. Thickness ; stoutness. BoKOA=Bokoa.. BoK6A. Weakness ; weak. BoKOLBLA. 'l'o scream, as a dying animal. Go bokolela moshwa.ii., to scream, as oxen over the contents of a. dead animal's stomach. BoKoLoBi:. Pl. ojkolobe. BoKOPANO. Union; commnuion; fellowship. BoKUDUBA. Young white ants. Sing. and pl. BoKUDUNKO. A. plant with ser rated leaves, and edible root. Sing. and pl. BoKWENO. The fat on an ani mal's breast ; the brisket of an ox. BOKWENI. The Bakwena coun. try; the north, to dwellers in the south. BoKWENO. Denseness; thick. nees. BoLA. To tell news ; a small bone used in divining; a dice. Pl. mala. B6LA. To become putrid ; to become rotten; to decay. Yo

    PAGE 265

    263 bo sa boleii., that which does not decay. BoLAANA. To kill each other. BoLADU. The ripe matter from an abscess; pus. BoLAEA. To kill. BOLAECWE. Perf. Pass. of bo laela. BoLAELWA. Pass. of bolaela. Go bolaelwa giina, to be killed there. Go bolaelwa rure, to be really killed. BoLALA. The desert side of the country; the north-west. BoLALOME. Fierce and cunning. BoLAii. A sleeping place; a kind of powder made of the taii bush; infant powder. BoLATSI. A kind of plant re. sembling tobacco. Sing. and pZ. BOLAWA. Pass. ofbolaea. BoLEA. Loose, as carded wool ; soft, as a wet fta.nnel; lax, as a mild ruler. BOLEBANA=Lebagana. BoL:Eu:E. Motse oa bolebe, such and such a town. BoLEBELEBE. Such and such a place ; a certain place, the name not being mentioned. Kgosi ea bolebelebe, a certain chief. BOLECWE. Perf. Pass. ofbolela. BoLECWA. A vegetable parasite with red flowers, and contain ing a juice which is nsed as birdlime. Also=Boleta. BoLEKANE. Fellowship. BoLEKI!:LECO. A bottom, Int. Not known in the south. BOLEKETLA. A shaking, as of a disjointed thing. BoLE LA. To relate; to tell; to preach. DoLELECWE. Perf. pass. of bo Ielela. BoLELELA. To tell to. BoLELELANA. To talk to each other in ordinary conversation. BoLELE. Length; long. BoLELE. Water moss. BOLEMO. A ploughed field ; garden ground. BoLEo. Evil; sin; error. :Mo boleuii., in siu. BOLEPOLEPO. Still:' in consis. tency, as tar when poured out. BoLETA. Smooth, as finely ground meal ; soft, as cloth ; slimy. BoLETSE. Per_(. of bolela. BOLEUN. :Mo boleuii., in sin, in error. BoLO. When preceded by the negative particles sa, se, or ga, bolo expresses Long ago. Ga ke bolo go tla, I came long ago. E se bolo nna gona, it was there long ago. Ba ka bo ba sa bolo go ikwatlhaea, they \vould long ago have repented. BoLODITSE. Perf. of bolotsa. BoLOGWERE. PZ. of logwere. BoLOr. Witchcraft. BoLOKA. To save; to keep; to spare. The tip of a. tail. BoLOKANA. 'fo save each other. BoLOKEGA. To become saved. BoLiiKii. The wet dung of cattle. BoLOLA. To set out on a. jour ney. BoLOTSA. Caus. of bolola. BoLOTSANA. Roguery. U bo liitsana, you are a scamp. BoLOTSE. Perf. of bolola. BoLOTWE. Ingenious ; clever ; able. Proud or finnicking in gait or manner. BoLWETSE. A disease; a wast ing sickness ; a lingering ill ness; a. running at the nose. Bolwetse yoa mogote, climatic fever. BoMAMATHWANE. PZ. of ma mathwa.ne. BOJuN. PZ. of maii.. BoMANMAN. Such and such people. Bomaii.ma.ii. yoa mo. tho, a man's personality. BoMAB.IGANE. Calves born in winter. BoMASHWE. Abomination.

    PAGE 266

    264 BoMMA. Pl. of mma. BoMliiANETE. A reality. BoMONNAWE. Pl. ofmonnawi'i. BoliiORWA. Pl. ofmorwa. BoliiORWADIA. Pl. ofmorwadia. BoMOSALE. Pl. of mosale. Bo111o. Ka bomo, wilfully, on purpose. BoliiPONYEKETLAKAKAE. Pl. of kemponyeketlakakae. Bo111UMU. Dumb; dumbness. BoNA. To see; to find; to get; to have. PIJ'f"f. bonye ; pass. biinwa; pers. pron., they. BoNAKO. Quick ; quickness. Ka bonakii, quickly. B6NALA. To appear; to be visi ble. B6NALASEGA. To become ex posed. BoNANA. Young; tender. Used with nouns in bo. B6N AN. Be bold ye B6NATSA. To make visible ; to show; to cause to be visible. BONATSEGA. To become visible; to become manifested. BONATSIWA. To be manifested. BoNATLA. Cleverness; power; notable; mighty. Ditihii tsa bonatla, mighty works ; mir acles. BONCHE. Pl. ofncbe. BoNCHO. Black ; blackness. B6NE=Bona. They. BoNE. The fourth. B6NELA, To find for; to get for. BoNEliiERU. 'fhe time of being in calf. BoNESA. To cause to see ; to enlighten. BONETSE. PIJ'f"f. of biinala. BoNKWAI, Pl. ofnkwai. BONNO. A regular sitting, or dwelling place ; a halting place of foot travellers. BONNONYANE. A little place, or room. BONOKWANE. A detachment of men for war, spying, etc. Ka bonokwane, by spying; privily. BoNOLO. Humility; meekness ; softnes$ ; tenderness ; gentle ness. Ka boniilii yoa pelo, meekness of heart. Ka boniilii, gently. BoNOMI. Bonomi yoa pelo, pity, compassion. BoNONA. A man's private parts. BoN6N6. Fatness. BoNON. A depraved appetite like that of a vulture. BoNO NW ANE = Boliitsana. BoN'l'LAHACO. A purifying. BoNTLE. Beauty. BoNTLOPANE. Pl. ofntlopane. BoNTSHA. To cause to see ; to show ; to make visible. BoNTsr. Many; a multitude. BONTSINTSI. Very many; multi tudes. BoNY A. To twinkle; to wink an eye ; slow; slowness. Ka bonya, slowly. Ga ha bonya, they are not slow. BONYABONYA. To bat the eyes. BoNY ANA. Childhood; foolish ness. Eo o bonyana, he who is foolish. BoNYATSI. Fornication. BONYE. P!J'"f. ofbiina. BONYEDI. Sticky, as gum. BONYENYE. Littleness. BONYETSANA. Kgomo e gaiiwa bonyetsana, the cow is milked after her calf is dead. BoNYWE. PeT/. pass. of biina. Bo:NANA=Boshushu, Int. Bo:N6LA=Loiiiila. Bo:NWALE. Pl. ofiiwale. Bo:NwE. One. Used with nouns in ba. Boiiwehi'ila, vanity. Boo=Ba bo. Bo6KAN A. Strongly built; thicknecked, Int. Boolllo=Bomo. BooPA. Barrenness; barren. BooPE=Bupe. Boo RA=Bo ra. BOPA. To fashion; to form. B6PA. To bellow, as a bull; to threaten an absent or distant person,

    PAGE 267

    265 BoPAGANA. To come close to gether. Go bopa.gana moriri, to have a sensation as if the hair were being drawn together, as in fear. BoPOGANYA. To gather together; to bring into a small compass. BoPALAMO. A place of ascent; an ascent. B6PALANA. To threaten each other. BoPAMA. To be thin; to be poor in flesh. BoPAME. Perf. ofbopama. BOPAMELA. Di tla bopa.mela mo sakeii., they will become poor in the krall. BoPAMELWA. Ke tla bopameiwa ke bana, I shall have hunger in my family. BoPAPATRO. A plastered floor; a plastered wall ; plaster. BoPAPETLA. A level; flatness. BoPEGA. To become formed. B6PELA. Go ba bOpela, to threaten them. BoPi:LA. To journey with a su perior. BoPELELA. To follow in line; to walk in single file; to walk in line ; to proceed in order. BOPELETSA. To take the lead; to lead the way. BOPELOETHATA. Hardhearted ness; unkindness. BoPELOKGALE. Boldness ; fear lessness; courage; bold; brave. BoPELOKIMA. Boldness; courage. BOPELOMPE. Pride; BoPELONOLO. Meekness; tender. ness ; tenderheartedness. BoPELONOMI. Tenderhearted. ness ; kindness ; compa.s$ion. BoPELOTHATA. Unkindness. BOPELOTELELE. Patience. BoPELOTLHOMOGI. Mercy; com. passion ; tenderheartedness. BoPELOTSHETLHA. Envy ; en viousness. BOPHAGE. PZ. ofphage. BoPHEPA. The dawn of day; purity ; clearness ; cleanness. BOPHIRIMATSATSI. The We$t, where the sun goes down. BOPHIRIMOYOALETSATSI. The west. BoPIWA. Pass. ofBopa. BOPOLOGA. Reversive of bopa. Tounmake. BoPOTA=Go p6ta. Bo RA. Bo ra maii.maii., so and so's family. BoRA. A bow. Pl. mara. BORABORA. To mumble ; to mutter, as a person ordered to do a thing, and afraid to speak out. BoaAGA. Still' clay ; mud. BoaAKA. N ea ea boraka, a pet dog (hybrid). BoRAKANELO. A meeting place; a market; a fair. BoaALE. Iron ore; heavy ; difficult. BORAMAGA. Red and white,colours being indistinct and mixed. BoRARA. Pl. of bara. BoRARO. The third. BoaATARo. The sixth. BORELEDI. Even; smooth; smoothness; a smooth, slippery place. BoRiiPIIIREPE. Shaky, as jelly, etc. BoRi!Ril. The jelly of cold gravy; the marrow of an emaciated animal's bones. BoREPUREPU. Jellied, as cold gravy. BoRE THE. Slippery; sleek, smooth. BoRiiTHE. The heel of an animal. Sing. and pZ. BoaETHITI. An equal number. Leshome ye le borethiti, ten. BORETSE. Clay; mud. BoKI. Peaceable; gentle; mild; modest. Matlhii a bori, weak sighted eyes. Used of a person who fails to recognise one seen before, also of one dazed by the sun. BORINITI. Kgomo ea boriniti, a

    PAGE 268

    266 toothless o:r,. a hornless o:r, an ox with one or both ears quite off. BoROBA. Maidenhood; state of being marriageable. Boa6BAL6. Ntlo ea boroba.lo, a bedroom, a sleeping chamber. BoROBORO. A murmur of voices. Boaosu. Black, peaty soil ; peat. Boaoo6. A bridge (hybrid). BoROKGWE. Trousers (hybrid). BoR6K6. Sleep. Matlho a boroko, eyes that fail to.recognise one seen before. BoROKU, Light-coloured gum, hard or soft ; the sap of a tree, Int. BoROLE. Ema.ciation. BoR6T6L6. Angry; angry-look ing. BoauMA. Tender; soft; tender in disposition. BoRUMOLANO. Cruelty. BoRUHOLAN. Cruel; a brawler; a vexing one. BoRURE=Burure. .BoRURUGA. A swelling; a lump. BoauausA. A swelling ; a lump. BoRUTWE. Cowardly. 0 borutwe, he is a coward. BoRWE. The country of the bushmen ; the south. BoRWENYA. Ka. borwenya., in distinctly, either of seeing or hearing. BosA. The dawn of day. Ka bo>!IL bo sele, when morning wa.s come.=Busa, to cause to return. BosABOLEN. Incorruption, in corruptible. BoSADI. A woman's private ,P&.rts. BosAGATWEN, That which has no treading pla.ce. BoSAI. Many fleas ; sometimes used of one flea.. BOSAIKA'l'EGA, Nakedness; naked. BOSAIKAEGAN. Nakedness; naked. BosAI'rSIWEN. That which is not known ; secret. BosAKHUTLEN. Endless ; that which has no limit. BOSAPEKWA. State of purity, or una.dultera.tion ; sincerity. BosASA. Nearly past. Used of the night. Ka bosasa, at dawn. BosEA. Infancy. BoSELE. Just before sunrise. BosENABOKHU'l'LO. Endless without limit. BosENASEPi:. Nothingness; nothing. BosEPELO. A walking ; a walk. BosESANE. Fineness. Bosi:TLHA. Yellow. BosETSA=Busetsa. BosEYA. The other side, as of a etc. BosHA. Lately; new. BosHAHACO. A making new; a renewing. BosnAKGALA. Wrath. BosuE:N=Bosha. BosHEU. Whiteness; white. Bosu6Li:. A drove of large, unwea.ned ea! ves. BosuoHi:. The tenth. BosuuLA. Evil ; bad ; nasty. Eo o boshula., he who is evil, an evil one. BosHUPA. 'l'he seventh. BosRUPO. The seventh. BosHUSHU. Deaf ; deafness. Monona. oa boshushu, a deaf man. BosHWA. A wen.; a painless tumour, or swelliug; an inheritance; a _possession. BosawA=Bohwa. BosHWECO. A tinihing; a com pletion. Bosi. Alone; only. Used with nouns in bo. Bona bosi, they only. Bosxoo. Night; a night; in the night; the night-time. Mo bosigoii, in the night. BosiGOGARE. Midnight. BosiLO, Foolish ; wilful folly ;

    PAGE 269

    267 foolishness. 0 bosilo, he is foolish, he is naughty. Bosrsr. Well disposed; harmless. Bouao. Drunkenness. BOTAGWA. Drunkenness. BoT ALA. Greenness; green. BOTE. The contents of an animal's bowels. Bo'rELELE. Length. BoTEN. Depth; mystery. BoTENYEN. In the depth. BOTETE. .A. small ball of foam found in new grass, and sup. posed to cause foot and mouth disease in cattle ; hoof and mouth disease ; cuckoo spit. BoTH A. To repose after feeding, as cattle. BoTHAHA. To be naked; to lack the covering required by de cency. BOTHAHE. Perf. of botha.ma. BoTH AT A. Difficulty; hardness. BoTHIBE=Bophage. BoTHIBELELo=Botlha.olelii. BoTHITHO. Heat; hot; warmth; warm. BOTHO. Notable; a. good one; humanity ; manliness. 0 na le botho, he is a well-known man, he is a good man. Ga. a na. botho, he is not a. good man. BOTIIOLOGA. To start from where one has gone ; to leave a sleeping place, resting place, or hiding place BOTHOLOGO. A descent. BOTHOLOSA. Oa.us. of bothologa. BOTHONOGA=Bothologa. BoTHUTHO=Bothithii. BoTILELO. The place to which one !lees when avoiding some thing. BOTITAMERE. Pl. of titamere. BOl'LALO. Fulness; abundance. Bo'l'LANA. Small. Bol'LHA. Slightly sour; acid, as a. quince. BoTLHABATSATSI. Where the sun rises ; the east. BO'L'LHABISADITLHON. Shame shameful. Bol'LHAGO. Watchfulness; wari ness; wary. BOTLHALE. Wisdom ; wise. 0 botlhale, he is wise. BOTLHANKA. Servitude; a state of servitude. BoTLHANO. The fifth. BO"fLHAOLELO. A camp ; an en ca.mpment; a. place for dividing cattle, etc. BoTLIIATLELO. A place for cattle ; a stall. BOTLHATLOGO. .A. place of ascent; an ascent. BoTLHATSHE. The bottom of a hill, to one standing on the top. Bo'fLHATSHETLHATSHE. The very lowest point; deep under. Bo'I