Saint Christopher advertiser, and weekly intelligencer

Material Information

Saint Christopher advertiser, and weekly intelligencer
Place of Publication:
Basseterre, Saint Christopher
S. Cable
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Saint Kitts and Nevis -- Newspapers ( LCSH )
Basseterre (Saint Kitts and Nevis) -- Newspapers ( LCSH )
Saint Kitts -- Newspaper ( LCSH )
Antislavery movements ( LCSH )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
North America -- Saint Christopher and Nevis -- Saint Christopher -- Saint George Basseterre -- Basseterre
17.3 x -62.733333


General Note:
Source document on deposit at SOAS University of London by the Methodist Church
General Note:
The issue for 1836 September 6 is volume XXVI [26], number 4809
General Note:
The Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis is more commonly known as Saint Kitts and Nevis.
General Note:
Includes an article on a meeting of the Wesleyan Methodist [Missionary] Society.
General Note:
This title is believed to be in the public domain.

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SOAS University of London
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This item is licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivative License. This license allows others to download this work and share them with others as long as they mention the author and link back to the author, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially.
Resource Identifier:
MMS/Special Series/Various Papers/FBN 45 (fiche 2022) ( Order with reference )
MMS/17/03/03/06/02/06 ( CALM reference )
MMS box 665 ( Shelf reference )
42731328 ( OCLC )


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Full Text

Saint Christopher advertiser,
and weekly intelligencer

Vol.. XXVI

TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1836. No. 4809.

THE Friends of the 'Female Be-
nevolent Society are respect-
fully informed, that two SERMONS
will be preached for its Benefit, Hi
Wesley Chapel, Basseterre, on SU|
DAY next, the 11th instant, at 10₃
o’Clock, A. k, and at
Rev. James Horne.—Collections
Will be made at the close ol each
September 6. â– 


Special Justice Room, Dieppe Bay,
Avgust 30, 1836.
^â– <7 HERE AS, Candice, a Freedial Appren-
. VY ticed Labourer attached to Lynch s
Estate, being desirous of obtaining a discharge
from her Apprenticeship, hath made application
to me for that purposes and I have, under my ,
Hand and Seal, duly summoned Andrew
Lynch French, E-quire, who is the Person
entitled to the Services of the said Candice,
io attend before me, §peI Jisttce
Room, Dieppe B^y, on TUEbRAY the 13.h
September, at 1^ o’Clock at Noon, in order
that the necessary legal slep^W bs l^ⁿ for
discharging the said Cdndice, from the re-
rnainisg period of her Apprenticeship. ; ;
Notice is hereby giyen. That all Persons
having, or claiming to have, any right,, title,
or interest in or to the services of the said
'Cbndibe, either in their own right, or as
the Agents, Trustees, Guardians, or Repre.
sentatives of others are hereby required to
1 v^l *t the time and place
mentioned, to prefer such Claim. áµ¥
Special Justice.

Provost Marshal's Office,,%d September, 1836.
PUBLIC Notice is hereby givpu, That a
Count of King’s. Bench, andTommon
Pleas, will be held (by Ajjpurnipent) Ati
Our Common Court Hall, in the To^n .of
Basseterre^oh TUESDAY the 13th day of
.September instant, when the Attendance of
the Grand Jury, and the following Jurors
and Constables, residing throughout the Is-
land, vid bo requred prec’sely at 10 o’Clock
in the Forenoon, without further Notice, un-
der all the penalties of the Law, ih case of
neglect or default. ' . -
Ry Order of the Court, K i I
Provost Marshal General.'.
. Names of the Grand Jury.

R W M Pick ed, F.
William Aiferfott
John W Gould
Joseph Salter
Thomas Ottley
Henry Hart Rawlins
Charles Pearie
George N ^dson
Edward Hazell
N J Lynqh I
Edward Osborn <
Francis M raylpr.

Wm. A Rawlins
Robert Mathews
Horatio Ad lam
Peter Joyes ;
George Watson
F W Wilalieu
James Warner
John Barr . ;
A Ie gander ᵣM‘Gregor
James Watson ,
Anthony Tapshire

Names of Jurors.
William Amory
Robert Armstrong
William Armafrading

Anthony B Hill

John. Arm trading
Edward Azular

E J Akers ;
William Adamson
W U I i a m,-, A b b,o t C _â– 
Gharjes F Amory
Francis N Ad lam


SeECiht. Justice Room. Diepfs Bat,
August 30, 1836.
ixrHEREAS, Fanny, a Non Prmdial Ap-
vv preoiiced Labourer attached to the
Hermitage Estate, being desirous of obtain-
ing a uiecnarge from her Apprenticeship,
hath made application to me for that purpose;
and I dive, under my Hand and beal, duly
summoned The Honorable James Edward
Ash Sadler, Esquire, who is the 1 ersun
entitled io me Services of the said Lan>hy,
io attend before me at the Special Lutjcc
Room, Dieppe Bay, on lUEbDAY the loth
beptemuer, at 12 o’Clock at Noon in order
tHui the necessary legal steps may betaken
for discharging the said Fanny, from the ie
maiiiuig period of bet Apprenticeship.
Notice is hereby given, That all Persons
fiaVing, or claiming to have; any right, title,
or interest in or to the services di the said
FJnny, either in their own right, or as the
A-euts, Trustees, Guardians, or Repre-
sentatives of ady other Person or Per-
sons, are required to attend before me, at toe
time aud place above mentioned, co prefer such
Special Justice.

Robert BelL :
Donaldson Burroughs
John Bradley
Thomas Brownhill
W illiam Bond
William J Burroughs
Thomas Beard,
Michael G. Berkeley

Secretary's (fjjtce, September 6 1836.
WHEN the Price of thelThe Weight of
,W Bnrel of Flour of 196 the Dog Loaf
Nett Weight, shall be as shall be.

■ o; Dollars or 7£ Shillings,
or Si .e. ••



L 3

or 90
or 99
or 108
or 117
or 126

5 1-4 Ounces.
4 2-3
4 1-6
3 3-4
3 1-3
3 1-4

•••••• - - - ' i ’ 'A .
rdupffis Weight; and all other Loaves in

â– oraon*


For Sale-at the Office of this Paper,
BLANKS of various kinds.


Stephan Peters
VViiiiqm Thomas
John F :S e ab ro n
G eor g e W a 111 ey i
\Thomjfc Woodcock
Seb^tian VValters
Edward Berkeley
John M Palme?;
James M Statham
Lewis Redder
Johh T . Fraser
Hedry Gould
James Barnes

Names of Constables.

;| Lucas Hart
I H B Phipps
’ Edward Rivers .
Aarpn Manchester
Frederick Maillard
George Beard
3 Robert Richards
• Lewis Warner
John Maillard^
i Robert Wallace
. Henry Warner,
i William,Phipps
j Joseph Polack

MOST respectfully notifies to
th^ Gentry and /Inhabitants
generally of this Island, that he has
lately arrived from Scotland, and
intends to carry cm Business in this
â–  .Island. Mn, M;C. was brought up
under the most qualified and ap-
proye^ workmen; therefore, he feels

William Heard
W H Hixon.
Samuel Jones
William Johnson
William Kelly
J P Knight
John Lewis * •
Donald M‘Kerzfe
Samuel R Manchester

sb Alexin tier M**l.
j Thomas Miss^t

Thomas Myles
William Mulrain
James MTotyre
.Alexander M‘Kenz:e
Hugh Si‘Cavitt,

AN airy and commodious FA-
i M1LY RESIDENGE, on the
North Side of Fall-Mall Square,
.with requisite Out-buildings, Coach-
House, and Stabling.—rEnquir.e at
th^ Store of John Berkeley, Esq.

i Secretary's Office, August 30, 1836.
'wTQTIQE is hereby given, That a Court
for the Relief of Insolvent Debt-
ors, will be held at Our Common Court Hal!
in the Town-of Basseterre, on SATURDAY
the 10th of September next, foi the Relief of
Edmund Jones Akers, a Prisoner now con
fined for Debt in the Common Jail.

Beg leave to inform their Di ends and the
Public . generally, that they hau. ust re
c^oed.bu the Schooner Nimble, thbáµ¢L., anus
Arr?>ng'. ^ «y * —x «>

no hesitation in saying, he shah give
ample satisfaction in the following
Branches of his profession—-that is
to say, in- Cleaning, and .Repairing
Chronometers, Duplex Horizontal
Patent Levers, Repeaters, and Ver-
tical Watches, and Clocks of every
description. ,
. SP. S. He has on hand, a small
assortment of Watches and Jewel-
lery, which will be sold very cheap
for Cash. Old Gold and Silver
bought, or taken in exchange for
Jewellery or Repairs of Watches.
C^m. Street. Jngnet 23.

Deputy Commissary General s Office.
West Indies, Barbados, ^iffijuly, 1836.

Thomas Barrett
Robert Burns
Wm J Bowrey
Henry .Berkeley .
Benjamin Burroughs
Joseph K Baines
John Cook
Edward CaMb
James Cook
Gedrge Crawford
Henry C Clifton
Thomas Canqil
Thomas Cook
William Campy
Richard Challenger
rndrew Cannonier
Henry â– 
John Challenger
Thomas P.Cleghorn
William Delves
John A Deming
Joseph Dunbar
John Davy
Henry Davis
J K Edmead
John.M Evins
Hugh Fleck
Thomas Fraser
Joseph L Foster
John Forrester
George Fraser;?
John H Garnett
Walter Gray
Robert Gibson
Edward Gould .;
William S Gilbert
James Qoiild
George I Goater
Wm Gilbert
George W Gould
Richard Horton
Richard F Huthersall
Henry Hewit
Jonn H Hill
James Harvey
William Henry
Henry B Henville
Samuel Hazell
Henry Hazell
Henry Henderso

Edward Norford
J G Nutall
James Ottley
James F Palmer
James W;Puncheon
Willi rm Peets
Joseph B Peniston
Christopher Patterson
Stedman R Peets
Thomas Phipps
George.Perry â– '
Christopher Pickering
Davis Percival
Archibald Patten
Jahn J unes Peets
Wiiliam Ritchie
Laurence Rojero.
William D Rivers
William Ross
John Sword
John Slack
Aretas Seaton 7
Henry Swan?ton
James ft Seaton
Hoary Souch ,
George. Seaton
Richard Shelford
William Scott ,
William Sindelij
Thomas A. Stratford
Henry Scott
Edward Souch
John James Swanston
Charles Swapston
Henry Sipdeli
George Tat am
William S Tackling
William S Tittle^
Robert T Thornton
Anthony R Taylor
John Taylor
Thomas Turner
John Terry
Stafford A Tapshire
Robert Terry ,
Charles Tiller
George Vas$
Giles Webbe
George Ward
William C Watson
Solomon A Wade
Abraham Warner

A Large and beautiful Assort-
nient of DRY GOODS^ sucli
a| they usually import, PROVI-
signs, Wines, bottled li-
(^JOllS, GLASSWARE, ^c., Which
will, be sold reinarkably cheap, for ;
Cash, or short Credit.
Nevis, August 29.

l the Store of
PORlt, in barrels and half barrels,
1Â¥JL Irish Butter, in firkins and half firkins,
Hams, Cheese,.
Mustard, Porter. and.Winb Corks,
Oars, in four-bushel bags.
Brandy, London.bptlkd Porter,
r Madeira.and For;; .Wine,
Flour, P.ilot Bread,
Wine Bf&edit, Navy Bread,
Cypress Shinghg,
Whiae.and Spruce Pine Lumber^
R. O. Buvesi &c. &c.
August 25.

FOR SALE, at the Store of the Subscriber,
cheap, for Cash,—
FRESH Philadelphia CORN

AND, , .
Ah assortment of GARDEN SEEDS,
i Wm. AMORY.

August 23.

a LL Persons are hereby cau-
.lJl tioned against trespassing, or
allowing their stock to trespass, on
(he Lands of the Subscriber, situate
in the Parish of Trinity, Palmetto-
Point; as, in the event of their do-
ing sd, they will be dealt with ac-
ebi’ding to Law
August 23.

’'^T OTICE is hereby .given, that scaled Ten**
ders will be received ax.this Offoe until
Wednesday, 5th October next, at 11 a’Clcck*
for the Supply of. such Ouantities of FUFJ»
WOOD as may be demanded for ch $ use of
His Majesty’s Troops la the several islands
and Colonies in this Command, viz____
Berbice, Demer ar a, Barbados, T< ba-
po, i ejisJd^d, Grenada, Saint Vin-
cent,: Saint, Lucia (including Pigeon
Island), Dominica, Antigua (includ-
ing Montserrat), Saint Kitts (in-
cluding Nevis),
for 4he period from??lM January 1837, to 31st
J^iarch 1838— delivered injo the Cum-
missariat Fuel Yards, and at the different
Out Posts inithe several Islands and Colonies
(those in Barbados excepted), free of all char-
ges except the Contract price.. .
The Wood is to be-perfectly dry apd to be
of the best quality produced or imported at
the Station Jrhefeáµ£ furnished; and is to be
subject to jbe \approval of aₜ JJpard of Survey.
Three months’ supply to be delivered at a
time, and a week’s notice to be given io ii,e
Contractor fur delivery.
Paynwit.. will be .made upon production of
he proper Receipts and Certificates of Survey,
other in British Sfive^ Money,?or by Bills at
30 days’ sight, on thq Lords Ccmmiesn ners of
His Majesty’s Treasury, at.the ra^.of a Bill
for dPIOO for every sum of J?10] 10.v. due on
the < onlract, or when under <£J100 10^. of
Doubloons at ^3 ₑₐch, at the option in
me Deputy Commissary General.
The Renders must be maiked on the enve-
lope ‘ Tender for Fuel IVoodC and the.y aᵣₑ
to state the .prices jn Sterling, in voids at
length, per Cord ;; and jbe a< ;< cj t.'v a
>etter signed by two pe.sons ot kno^n prou< r.
-y engaging to become bound with .the party
endermg, in a sum ngt exceeding one third of
.be value of the estimated quantity tâ‚€ be de
livered, for the due fulfilment of the Con;rac/
Persons tendering from an Outstation wjji
.orward their proposals (sealed up) io the De
puty Commissary Geperal through such chan-
nel as may be mos(convenient to them • but
the names of their Securities must be given in
to the Senior Resident Commissariat Officer
m suftcent time,for hi. Report thereon to
reach Barbados before the 5 h October.
la case a lender shall be for more than one
station, bupnot for the whole Command the
Deputy Commissary General is to have the
option of accepting the Tender for each St&.
tion separately. ,
AU Customs duties (if any} the tonnage du.
ty excepted, wjil b««mitted to the Cemrac.
tor at the period of importation.
Further information may be obtained on an
plication at this Office, or at the
at Offices at the respective Stations.



to your notice such remarks as shall ot :tir to
ine in reference to it:— .

That tha doubts which are entertained respec ing the
validity of Marriages solemnized in this Island, by-Mi-
nisters of the Gospel not in connection with U s
blished Church of England, operate sadly to th injury
of pubife morals, and will lead to pio^t 4Uasfrous re-



This resolution addresses itself first fo the
expediency of maintaining our moral condition
id a state of health&ilness. It has been said
in that ’Bock, in spe. king of which the Cele-
brated Mr. Lnclte has observed, “It has God
for its author, and truth, without any mixture
‘of error; fd'r its matter/’ that “ righteousness
exalteth a nation';” and, as morality fihms
no inconsiderable component pari of righteous”
ness, it behoves us to lock well into the tqofal
condition of our community, if we dtsire to see
our nation exalted. The resolution, ih the
next place, adverts to a fact; to which; from
my Experience, I cah (most ubfort^riaielyj
testify that disastrous results will flow froffi the
doubts which are entertained respeddn’g; the
validity of ’Marriages, performed by Mhaiaters
of the pospel, other than those of the E^ta-
blished Church;
It is a fact within my linowlcdg&; 4nd it
particularly occurred in the Idistrict which I
nave had under my official charge, that piferaoni.
ho have bean married by the WeskJ'ai and
Moravian Missionaries, ha’-e thought pipper,
m violation of the sacred obligations tinder,
which tney had Hid themselves, to set.Bucr/
marriages at defiance, and to form Detv coi|nec
tions; bringing about themselves a new .and
distinct offspring. The evils which must Una-
voidably attend so immoral a proceeding as Ibis
must Be evident to ail,—and the time is hap -
pily net far distant; when every one will be
dependent upon his own resources; and then
it will be; that those who had been imprddent
enough to encumbbr-themselves with twpfa-’
milies, will ieei the error into which they have
plunged theffisilies The dissentibns which
will be creited, and the injury done (o Chil-
dren, are but parts of ihe great misqbtef which
will necessarily accrue. It seems that an opi-
nion is prevalent, that marriages solemnized by
Missionaries not connected with the Establish-
ed Chdrch, arb not valid, and out of this opi-
nion has grwbn the disregard which some per-
sons have shewn to them* For my own part,¹
I cab only say that I know of no law in force
in these Colonies, save one to which I wiif
presently advert; and which I think I shall
s mw dues not apply to the case before us,
which v/ouid render invalid marriages perform-
ed by the'Reverend Gentlemen of the Persua-
sions I have alluded to. The law of which I ;
ju^t spoke, is an insular law, passed in 1731/,.
for ib'e purpOse of preventing ctahdestine mar
â–  riagee-^-the preamble stating ibat pereonX lM
Been robbed' of Ijheir children' wufwui in|ir
consent. Now, it is unnecessary tec gay, tla;
ihe marriages t?hieh are soletnn’^ed withhi
these sacred walls/ are not clandestine/ ffcd
therefore I conceive the* law was not iaWriacd
to apply to this case. I admit that it tfripiles
a penalty upon any one who shall pfesumqto
marry any two pergous without tceir. Ua|ns
â–  having been previously called in Church thrie
unaes, or without a hceHc> ; but the impqsi-
uon of this penalty in no wise in validates Jhe
marriage, and this is the point to which bur
atteiiudri is directed. Although I.dp 1 tre«o-
leninly record iby opiniqri, that marri gesio-
lemnized in this Colony by ted M.iss Ad/
aries of any Christian defiomiaation; are good
j;alid binding in law ; yet, as we know .arid riav^
beard from' ii e reverei d gentleman w o has
pteceedcd m‘e, that doubts do exist upon this
matter/ we aie bound to adopt,- and we fia^e met
for the purpose of adopting, that constitutional
means which is best calculated to dispel all
doubts—-namely/ to petition the Legislature oh
the subject. I have before said, that I consi-
der the subject one of die most vital importance
h to the best lotere.-ts of the colony, and I shall
thetetbre g ’- e it iny hiimblq but most eordiftl
sdppbttj both here and elsewhere.

A Meeting of the Membets of the Wesley-
an Methodist Society, and other persons
friendly to religion and rnorality, took place
at the Wesleyan Chapel in this Town, on
Wednesday evening last, to take into con-
sideration the evil tendency of the doubts
which are entertained respecting the validity of
Mirrirges solemnited in this Island by M nis
ters of the Gospel not in connection with the
'Established Cnurch of England, and to adopt
measure! to ot/tain a settlement of the ques-
tion.— The Rev. Mr Horne opened the meet-
ing with singing a few verses of a hymn, and
•praying fir divine guidance. The Ref. Gen-
tleman then said he would take che liberty, of
Stating some of the reasons which had induced
him to call the meeting—he re id a requisition
signed by several respectable persons call hg
upon him to resort to this step, a,sd stated how
desirable it would be to have doubts and un
certainties rem >ved from the subject of ihe
Marriages performed by thesr Ministers, b -th
its to the past and future—he bad iib doboi
whatever on his mind of his right to marry the
people o'f hts congregi jon, and that quite legal-
ly, but he felt very great ieluciance to do it in
any way that won d occasion dissferition with
the L ‘gisla’u.e—inde’ed this was daiy rea-
son why he had riot married persons who had
applied to biih tor that purpose. The first
thing that ptessed on his mind the need of stir-
ing in this mat er, was, the acknowledged fact,
that several pe sons who had been married by
Wesleyan MusionarTes, have thrown behind
them theif wives arid children, with thh vows
they had taken'at the altar of God, and got
marrieii to others. He did not mean lb say
that the Ministers who had performed the^e
latter majriag^s, had done so knowingly, fur
be urn’erstood in many instances that was not
the case ; but the offenders; by the use of dif-
ferbrlt names, removing to other Parishes, and
other means, bad imposed on the Clergy dnd
escaped detection until after the bertmony;—
Now, so long as the thousands of persons who
have been mdrried by Wesleyan Ministers,’ to
say nothing of others, are exposed tu the
ieirip ai.ioh to trarigreas, owing to toe impunity
with which s me have been permuted to do
so, injury to individual families, aurf to the
public morals of the country, must continue to
be of fearful magnitude J'ne next thing he
would m Colonies the question of marriages had been
settled by Legislation, or conceded as a right
in Lt"; this h d Deen tne case in Ca-
b ’di, Nova S’ona, and the Cape of Good
Hope, for at least, 12 or 14 ye>rs, and more
ricendy in the Bermudas and in the Ba-
hama Islands. The acknowiedgme-nt of the
validity of past marriages took place in the
Bahamas in the cou e of the last 12’months.
He, Mr. H , had the pleasure of framing the
Petition wuich ted to (hat result, and also tne
honor of advising with the Committee of the
Assembly in framing the Bill, in order to meet
all the difficulties Of the case;—now, he kndw
no reason â– why privileges erjoyed so exten-
sively in the larger Colonies, should not be
suu^ht for, aiid erjuyed; in the lesser ones-——
t .is” argument would be found to have much
force, when it was recollected that His Majes
ty’s Government had recently addressed Ges
pa'ches to the Governors of the Colonies; con-
t dning its most explicit wishes in favor of the
q iestion. He read L ird Glenelg’s despSlch
on the subject; and proceeded—he was happy
to advert to one other argument in favor of
calling the meeting, and which would have
been qui’e si ffieiem if bone other existed—it
was the very important fact, that not a few of
the Gentlemen, both of the Council and As-
sembly, are believed to be friendly to such a
measure . as is. required. If the >e should com-
pose a m j ritj, we owe it to them to express
our sense ot ? e need of the measure; but if
the friendly party should be small, this is the
only consutuiional way in which we can help
tiem* The Rev. Gentleman then proposed
that N cholas J. Lyiieh, E q, be called to the
M<. Lynch, on taking the chair; remarked,
that the Kev. Mr Hurne, had so ably stated
the objects of the meeting, that it would be
supeifl.ious far him to add another word on
the subject.
R. B "Cleghorn, Esq, Stipendiary Magis-
trate, and a Member of the Assembly, ad-
dressed the mesiiug in nearly the following
terms My friends, I have been called upon
move . this evening ; and aitho’
I am unprepared for such en undertaking,
and whol y unaccustomed io address so nume-
rous. an audieuge, yet feeling as I do, the
importance of th® subject, 1 Hhull make an
fcburu ' I shad first read the resolution which,
has been juot pul iqtq my then offer

ton also had lately spoken to the same effect—
these 'Were both most excellent authorities.—
Now yid'Act of the Imperial Parliament, pas-
sed subsequently to the treaty of Utrecht, ex-
tended to, thi.s Colony, .unless adopted by jhe
Colonial Legislature—-thii? had ne'er been
done in,.respect of that therefore on this
point, we stood on the same footing as persons
similarly circumstanced in England previous to
the year 1756 —There was however one .other
point to be dealt with, and this was; an old
Act of this Island passed a century ago, for
the purpose, as was mentioned by hi*. friend
who had preceded him, of preventing clandes-
tine marriages—this Act provided that banns
should be published 3 times in the Church, or
a L cenc® obtained previously to the Marriage
of any persons, and imposed a penalty of
T100 oil the Minister who shall solemn.-he a
marriage without those formalities—this Act.
it must be seen, did nothing towards invalids
ting marriages—the most that qould possible
be done under it, was to fine a Mmi.stir ,€100
who, Should solemnize marriages, without fi.t
publishing banns in a ■“ Church" or without
a Licence—and even here, the question, what
is d Church P might reasonably be asked—the
Churca of Eng land Prayer Boqk defines .a
Church to mean, a congregation cLfaitfiful
men, in whiefi the Word of God.i^ faithfully
preached; and the Sacraments duly ad minis'
'ered—the Statute was a penal one, anti
must bb construe^ strictly—he however would
not dwell upon this point,—he contended ra-
thej- for the validity or those marriages which
had been already performed—and bis object
was to shew that their obligation could no.t be
overthrown—he quoted the opinion Of the Jud-
ges of #6 Bahamas, whp he was informed were
regularly educated Lawyers—these Gentlemen
had decided that the Marriages pt the Wes--
leyans could ndt be considered invalid,—
they howeverjrecommended, that a declaratory
Act of the .Legislature should be passed to
settle the question,' and this wah the object
which the,, promoters of the present meeting
had in view.
The second Resolution—
That with .,the view of settiinff this question, and thus
promoting the moral w. lfaie of the Colony, a Petition be
presented to .the Hon. Bo^r i of.Council, and House of
Assembly. pr.ajing them to pags a Law, declaratory₍of
the validity of ail Marriages heretofore splemniKud with-
ih this IslaiiJ, by Mi isters of the Gospel, of alt K^ligious
deno Uon of Marriages by such Ministers—

was moved by the Reverend Mr Horne—he
said the views and proceedings' of the VVesiey-
i ans have been in keeping with what is now
' sought by this. ResbJuuon. The state of sla?
v^ry formerly threw m^tny pbstaeles io me Way
of, the marriages e Staves—-there was trie
jealousy of the Masters, lest marriage, if con-
1 seated .to by them, should lessen their right
in, qt control oyer, the slaves ; hfenbe the dif-
ficulties, in some places of getting |eave to
marry them by a religious c&remony/ The
Missionaries were anxious too, for some au-
ithority whereby to enforcb the sanction of
matrimony amongst the people of their charge,
and having from time to time laid these thiqgs
before the Committee of the Wesleyah Mis-
sions, they received about 18 or 19 years ago,
a letter of explicit insiructions on the subject;
by these he had been guided in all his conduct.
He read extracts frtm those instruction^,
which ye re to this effect—that the Marriage
Act of England did not extend beyond ^hat
Country—where there was no local Act re-
straining the performance of marriage express-
ly ‘.ojhe Clergy, marriages by the Missionaries
would be held valid upon proof of a regular
registry, or by. witnesses. He, Mr. H., had
married slaves for many years in Jamaica, un-
der the e instructions/ with little hindrance—
be did the same in the Bahamas/ arid was
calhd upon by the Attorney General to shdw
by what authority he aced thus. He shewed
those instructions, which the Attorney General
read; and said/ that is right; I have no power
to interfere; He afterwards removed to Bef


R. Challenger, E^q , a Member of the As^
sembly—i-sec^nded the Resolution.— Hbsaiff he
d d not thank hiS honorable friend, for cast-
ing so heavy a burden on his shoulders—nfe
would' however endeatvofir to say a few words
on the subject before the meeting—he wished
particularly to speak his sentiments in refer-
ence to the validity of the marriages which
have already been solemnized by Ministers not
in connee ion with the Established Church-^—
he was Unxidus to do this, because he hopfed
would do good in shewing to those who had qo
opportunity to examine tor themselves, th|l
there was ranch error in the supposition of the
invalidity of marriages solemnized by suci
Ministers—he did not profess to be much of t-
Lawyer, but he had tried to look into this pial-
ter in a common sense way—he felt that th3
question deeply affected the moral well-being
of the Country; .and that was his mp.tiv^t
Mr. C. then entered into a consideration of
the validity of such Marriages-the Marriage
Act of England (26. Geo. 2) was the Actc
which invalidates Marriages performed by?
others than Clergymen of the Established;
Church—he quoted a passage from the deci-
sion of Sir Joan Nicholl, in the case of Kemp
vs. Wickes, to substantiate this—Dr. Lushing-
’I ' ■■

muda, where the only law oh the su;Jest was.
against marrying slaves without their owners¹
tfiitten consent, which there was little di®-
Cuhy, in getting in general. His Brethren in
that Island had since married agreeably to the
opinion of the Attorney General of the Cofo-
ly, thtft there was no law on the question;
During the 6>rty part of 1835, a person at
Tuik’s Island,- who had been previously
married by a Missionary; had been entic-
ed away, and the Clergyman published
banns for a second marriage; He; Mr* H ;
forbad them, and submitted thb case to the
Governor, who was then leaving the Cdlttny,
Mr. Balfour ; but His Excellency did riot think
be could prevent it, and the parties were mar-
ried. This event produced mu6h excitement
among the class bf persons who had bebn mar-
ried by the Missionaries, and who had lived
many years in the belief of the validity of their
marriages. He, Mr. H; having had an op-
portunity of consulting the new Governor, Co-
Ibnel Colebrooke, on the case, His Excellency
advised that the people should petition him on
their grievance, which petition was immedi-
ately transmitted to the Colonial Secietafy;
and speedily alter a Despatch was received,
directing the question to be submitted to the
Law 0nicers of the Crowh, and should they


not pronounce the marriages valid, that ti e
Governor should endeavour |o obta n tht pa s-
ing of an Ac,t of the Legisla.ture for that pui-
pose. The Judges to wnpm jhe cate - sub
mitted, admitted the validity of the nu ri^t:
has been already mentuyp. t \ j.
lengef, but recommended, in order to settle
doubts, that.ade hratory Art .> d ) â‚š Oáµ¢. , .
ed, which was accordingly .doiu • and A u/t!
matter wqs attest.. T^e Reve;ei i
Gentleman.concluded as fb lowg—Tbe cₒₙc ,
Eions to which tneso conn bran, us lead, a. â– 
these, ihat we have mar.- d â‚‘ people w;i .
the sanction of the Vptpru.-ii Go-'ei r>nj,i ntth.• t
in constqnence.uf the English Malmge Ac"
not feeing in force in t e Colonies, ,wâ‚‘ h^ve
married under the old L »w, winch admits chd
fact, that parties.fiontraCting and acknowledg-
ing each oth^r as husband and wife, iâ‚› th
substance of marriage^that our marria«res arr
tn themselves, good and valid, but have been
misrepresented ihro’ prejudice or ignorance
and that we are therefore entitled to the inter-
ference of f the Legislature- to remove doubts
and reproach • and also to secure, for the fu-
ture, the settlement of a question â‚’f great im-
portance to the well being of the Community
generally, especially at this crisis*
_S. Cable, Esq., rose in support of-the re-
solution wnich, had just been proposed : it
po’ⁿfe4 °yt,,.he said, the true constitutional
mode in which the important subject under
consideration should be treated, in order to its
fipal settlement. It was unnecessary for him,
after the very satisfactory expositfun of thj
La?v of the case? as set forth by the Gentle-
men who had preceded him, tosiy much on
that subiect-^-he would, however- mfiark, that
at the period when the Law of the island al-
ready referred to was phssed, Marriage a-
.mongst the Sl&ve Population was, neves* con-
lemplated, aneh jhat class, of persons is not
named in it. By labors,, however, of the and Moravian Missionaries, the
Slave, Pupulaiion?,nad greatly advanced m
civilization .and morality, and,⁷ Cynseqaently.
had been made acquainted wi fi Uje nature
and cblig .uoas ot the Marr age ₐ;ₑⱼ iᵣₜQ
which many oi iliem had entered,through the
ipsirumeniality of the Missionaries. As them
was no Law, therefore, on the sul ject/or Slave
, Marj*age⁸r the Marriages performed by epe
Missionaries wert just as binding u. a moral.
’ religious pr int of view, as if the same
bad been celebrated by the Ministers of the
Established Chinch. Since the passing of the
Abolition Law, and the i, boring Population
have become free subject a riue^L.n has
; arisen us to ine legality ot |bur Marri<^ₑ₉
by the^ Missionaries, which question has hud
â– a tendency to unsettle tire minds of some of
I those individuals who had ocen unueKby
; these t eachers of Religion. Although
doubt existed in his (Mr. C.’s) mind, as to thX
validity of the Marriages celebrated by these
Missionaries ; ye / it Was thought by some
persons, that they would subject themselves
to a penalty, by joining together persons of
freri condition, bmee the passjng, then,' of
i the Abolition Law, the Missionaries have
ceased to celebrate Marriages. . The. present
meeting has therefore b^en called, io order
that this question might be finally settled ; as,'
it has a tendency to shake the confidence of
the Laboring Population in their Ministers,
^cd, consequently, to hinder the, spread of
I religion and morality, throughout the Colony.
With these observations, he would second tpe
resolution vrhich had just been proposed.'


Moved by jhe Iley. James Horne, seconded
by John Berkeley, E q, a member of the As-
the Petition now read to this Meeting, b* adopted
and signed „by those now present, and that it be lett at
pome cout< hient place for the signature of any other Per-
sons friendly to the meaatfre.
After the petition had been read,
Mr. Cleghorn rose and said, I have a fe^
words to say, which will I trust be a stifiicichi
excuse for my again trespassing upon the at-
tention of the meeting. Although it would be
evident from the tenor of the petition, arid frt m
the whole of this evening’s proceedings, that
we had admitted the existence of a doubt, arid
were desirous to Clear it up/ yet that doubt was
wholly pf a’legal nature and not in the slight-
est degree of a moral description I have two
objects in now again presenting myself to you,
the first is to express my sincere hope, as some'
time may elapse before this legal difficulty is
satisfactorily got rid of, that none whom I
now address will feel himself or herself justifi-
ed ib throwing off or disregarding the solemn
obligations into which he or she has entered
within these sacred walla at the Solemn zition
of matrimony. If there be one in this numex
foils assembly who Coiild so act, I will only
ask him whether he Conceives there is a sha-
dow of difference; morally speaking, between the
oath which he has taken at this altar before the
reverend Mr. Horne, and that which he would
take before the reverend Mr. any one else in
am Abet piach of worship. 1 wilf ask whethet
he conceives that that God who oversees us
will make any distinction between the two
cases.- Sitting, as you do, under the minis-
tration of God s word, faithfully preached io
you, as I am a witness, I cannot' belief,


i iinA

you will, for a moment, allow the. doiibt wo
have mentioned to have any .weigh* with
you: I again repeat my soleran conviction
that the doubt which is by others entertained
is not well founded. I aver, that, without
exception, it is not based upon any moral¹
grounds. My second object, in addressing
you now, arises out of a conference which has
jast been held near me. My reverend friend,
as I hope he will permit me to call him, (Mr.
Horne.)? and the other gentlemen behind me,
appear to be doubting as to whether females
should sign this petit-ion, tf the-value and
weight? of a petition be rated according to the
interest which the signers ha^e in its prayer as
well as the number of signatures appended to
it, then I think there can hardly be a doubt
that oiir petition should be sign-edljy females.
Petitions are frequently signed in England by
females, and as there existed in this Case-so
good a reason and so good a precedent, I hope
to. .see the ladies ex pressing their opinion m fa
vor of the observance of the moral obligations
. of marriage. . áµ£ '
Moved by William Amory, E-q, seconded
by Samuel Cable. E -q — - i . > . j
That the Honorable Robert ClaXton be req’l- Sted to
present the Petition to the Hoard Of Ubuoeil, arb Riclinin
Challenger, Esq., be rtq.iedted to present It to the H®use
pf Assembly. > . <.
Moved by R. B. Cleghorn, E q, seconded
by Richard Challenger, E q —- - -t .
That the tbanM.uf this Meeting ba elven to Nicholas
J. Lyneh, Lsq , for his able coyducl in the Chair. . .. .
Similar Meetings will bo held in the princi-
pal Wesleyan Chapels throughout the Island,
and Petitions proposed to be presented to the

Sept 1, Brig⁻ George Loyal, Davis, NeW Haven.
Passengers.—Henry Beecher, Hugh Fleck, Henty
DaVoren, Jo^n W. Gould, Esquires, and Mr. Robert
Gibson: and, from Nevis, John Huggins, Esquire, 9
â– t gtro
s / ; -*•— •
$3" The Malls for the Ranger, Packet, Will be mrtde
Up at the Post Office, on Wednesday next, nt 3 o'Ciock.

On Wednesday night. at the Estate of the Bight ifb-
trbfaMe the Earl of Rofnney, HctriN HCiinjNGTdN
WaTson, aged 10. sixth Daughter of the lute RjChai^)
CaudIn. Esq.,-—affording another melancholy proof to so
many others sustained by this bereaved and afflicted Fo-
tnily-^TIiat “ life is even a vapour that appearelh for*
IJttle time and then Vai isheth away I” bu>—> Blessed are
the dead who 'die in ure Lord J¹’— (Communicated.')
This day, Mr, Mary Osborn, Reli t of tire late Mra
John Osborn egt d 6if years. 'â–  X
On'the $9th July, et Clifton, near HrLslol. John Lyons
Nixon. 1 squire, Lieutenant-Governor of this island.
Rec^nlty, in Ergland. Sir Francis FreeHng, for many
years Secretary to the General Post Office. London.
At Dublin, on tl g Ifith July, of ‘searktina. i'nnly;
ngmi‘, 13 c»-ar«. daug'nti r or Deputy Cdrnmissgry^Gt'r.erat
Elliot. A visitation aiore aiEiciiiig’y h'u«1‘ stfrtd*, ly
Ai-vhre. seldom has befallen any family ; |i beUA'eir
C'hiVlreli havirg suvk Vidius- f<> 11 e'same fatal compialilt
within one I rief month.^-dlttSgo Com icr.



IMPORTED this-day, and FOR SALE

* /


by the? Subscribers,—, ■ ₄ , /’I'
BARRELS Spring .Mackerel,
'^17^.^ Herrings, ;
Casks superior Cod Fish,
Barrels. Planters’ Beef, / -
Kegs, containing Rounds of do.,

together with the Dwelling House,
and Teheinents thereon, in the oc-
cupation of Hill Dasent, Esquire :
That Is to sav,—
J _ - : si
Lot No. 1—ALL that PLAN*
TATION. pr / ESTATE, ^called
MONTPELLIER, situate, 1) ing, and
being ih the Parish mf Saint John,
Fig-Tree, in the Island of, Nevis,
abutted and bounded ps follows
to the North and Northwest, by
Lands of the, Heirs or Representa-
tives. of the .late Lord Le De Spen-
ser; on the South, by an Estate
called Budgen's;: on the East, by an
Estate called Gut;—-contain-
ing about 79. 3. 21. of Cane Land,
(be the same more or less) and 50
Acres of Pasture Land, together
with a spacious Dwelling-House-and
Out-Offices, requiring repair, with
Wind Mill and Boiling House, in
< complete repair,
Curing Houses requiring repairs,



47 Girls ditto,.
:7 Male Son-Preedials,
41 Female ditto,
1 Boy ditto.
Lot No.,.3.—ALL-that- PICN-

TATION or ETAJ'E called SaIL
DLE ptLLf) sjtuateplyinix. or being
in theTarish oL St. John. FL Tree,
in the, sameâ‚› hland, rJ
bounded^.to the North, by Lauds
lateáµ¥ Of FiNtAx Nichol m u of
Thomas BuncEk, E-q.; < : t by p e

next mehtioued LsUu
Heath; ,to the East... I



bed CM¹

die last

On Tuesday evening last, a place of Wor-
ship,, built by the. Apprenticed LtWers df
-Nichol^ Town, was opened by the Rev. H.
Cbeesbrough, and the Rev J. Pukes, in gen
necctiuq with the Wesleyan Methodists. The
people of that District grs itly feeling the want
of a Chape;! nearer to themselves than that at
;Cayon, resolved to go into the mountains, and
’ jeut the necessary timbers, and purchase such
.other materia?³ as were needful, tn order to
erect a House^pf Prayer. Wi’h much perse
,vera nee, they accomplished their object, by
devoting⁻ their days, the Situvdays, io this
purpose 5 and altho’ the Building is .necessarily


*, Ox Tongues,
•j„ ? Butter,
Barrels Superfine Flour₅ ₃ₜ 4.
Bags Oats, 3| bushels each,

13 Mules,
78 Head of Horned Cattle,
12 Sheep,
Plantation Utensils,, and the uh


Boxes rich, Chocolate,
Pairs Ash Oars.
W. GRAt St co

September 5.

^expired term of apprenticeship of

an hum.b e one, being only thatclud, still it is
highly creditable to them. There we>e seve-
ral hundreds of person present on this oc-
casion; and, after tne Service, they wafeed,
.expecting that a Collection would be made.
"^A** no I ~ ‘ * *
- Society in building the place, recourse no such
jhing was intended-. The poor .people how-
ler waited a considerable time, and at length
w^ut to the Preachers and offered the money
they had brought, amounting to several dol-
lars, and seemed much grieved when it v/us
. declined.

GTJCE is hereby given, that Messrs.
1^1 Wigley & BUrT, will, in fu ure, con-
duct Professional Business with;Mr. Pigue*
nit,sunder the F rm of Fjguenit, Wigley.
& Burt, at theft Chambers above the Post-
Office. • ? ?
Basstierre, August 18S6. . .

unvvitvu. wuuiu ue unmuji -v- /#. «. -r
h«fl been me itred by fhe ! ' ¹ ■ *
he siLice. nf.rnnrs4» nn snrh ■ ’ FOB, THE

Secretary's Q/pce, September 6, 1836.
" “ ' ■ i5 ,he-.ebv given, That, a (juu.KT
for, the Relief of Insolvint DtBt-
(.bs, will be held at Our Common Court Had,

in. the Town of Basseterre, on SA 1 URDaY
the lOjth of September nest, fox the Relief if
Thomas Tucker, a Prisoner now bonhotd
for Debt in the Commoc jail.

f6r sale or rent,
A LOT OF LAND at the Road^,
formerly the property oi Mrs.
1. C. Garvey.—Also, the Remains
)f a House.
August 2S. A. G. RICHARDSON.

lEVIS., „ >
In Chancery. 5
Denfis.toun 1
and others, j


Deje.nd( nts.

80 Male Pr^dials,
82 Female ditto,
it Boys ditto,
19 Girls ditto,
_ _ Male Non-Prsediats,
Female ditto,

mentioned Estate^ called Chit/ Gut;
and to the; So|ith, by Lams'Lte of
Hawdock Pri^tis/ now of the As-
signees of Edward Fiirrc; deceas-
ed ; and to the.West, bv the Seii j —
containing about 94 Acks of.Care
Land, and about 40 Acres of Pas-
ture Land, together with 6 Dwelling
House, in tolerable repair,
Cattle Ali]] and Sugar Works^ in
good order,
44 Horned Cattle*
3 Mules*
17 Sheep*
Plantation Implements and Uteh^
sils* and the unexpired term of ar>
prenticeship of



Boy ditto,
Girl ditto;

ALt the besietit an J advantage
of the Rent of an Estate, adjoining
the above Inentioned Estate^ late of
Lord Le De Spenser, deceased;
^uirtainnig by estimation abobt 800
Acies, be the same more or less,
and uoW rented by the said Re-
ceiver at the yearly Rent of ^450
Sterling. To this last mentioned
Estate, are attached
^2 Apprenticed Laborersj
3 Mules,
60 Horned Cattle.
Lot No. 2.—AₜLL that PLAN-
WrUI\ situate, lying, and being in

the Parish of Saint George, Ginger-
Wtd, in the said Island, abutted and



Male Praedials,
Female ditto,
Boys ditto,
Girls ditto.

Male Non- Prsedial
10 t'emale ditto,
1 Gir] ditto.

Our obittiary '’m^^is day contains an ani
Douncemeot qt the death, ofou- late Dieute-
hint Governor. Altho* one of our maxims is
de mortius nil nisi boniimf yet we never can
descend to flutcry, or to praise, wiere praise
is hot due, and thereto e we abstain from offer-
ing any comment upon the deatn of Mn Nix-
on, beyond expressing⁻ our hope—a hppe teriamed by toe large m: j iruy of out inhabi-
tants— Urn, as a Governor,—
“ We ae’er shall look upon bls like again."

The first August Mails were received here
on Thursday. The Papers Contain nothing
................... 7 â–  ! ; ---y---------------
Sitting Magistrate's for the present iFest.
ISfuxetfTrv—*Roqi?.r WepDBU'*ne. Esquire.
Cfmstabi^—John JaM-S fnoiiAS.
Otd-doitd— Hbnrv Da Vis, Esqnir*.
Constable^- A if r h o n y T i tt L i A.
Sajidy-Point— Wm. Penneyffatheh. Esqairft.
able—A a u o n M a k c hsst e h .

Medical Attendant Jpr the present week—Dr Cliftqn.
Members of Committee. J I. Woodcock, F
' "f ; | AhTHpNV 1 ApSHlHE.

Lot Koi d.-^-ALL that PLAN*
HEJ^THy situate⁻, lying, and bdrg
in the Parish of St John, F g-Tiec^
in the said hlami, and a’ nt ted rr/d
bnmdbd, to the North, vPh
of George Clarke Forbes, deceas-
ed ; to the South, with Lands c Beauchamp's, and part ol tne soM
Estate called ^adoL: Hill; to tie
West, by the Sea, ; . 1 w:ti Lands
late of Finlay Nicu >Lio», nott- < f
Thomas Budgen; co-t L.i ig alu ut
170 Acres of Cane l.t-L and 50
Acres of Pasture Lam', with
Wind Mill and Sugar Works. Boil-
ing Hbuse^ Curing House, aud
Still House, in good order,
46 Head Honied Cattle
14 Sheep;
7 Asses,
Plantation hhpleinen's arid Uteti-
tensils, and the unexpired term of
apprenticeship of

bounded as follows: to the East,
by Lands of the late John,
noW of EdWarD Huggins, Esq, ; to
4ie South* by the next hereinafter
tientioned Estate, called Saddle Hill;
ti> the West, by the last mentioned
Estate, called Low Grouhd^ late of
Lord Le Db Spenser, and by the
s|id MimipeUiev Estate* and by the
Road running between the Said Clay
Gut Estate and the Said Saddle Hill
Instate; and to the North, by the
High Road dividing the said Clay
Gut Estate from the Lands late of
Robert Pemberton, deceased; or
however otherwise the same is abut-
ted and bounded* containing about
164. 3. 0. Cane Land, and 2o0 Acres
of Pasture Latid, together With the
remains of a Dwelling-House;
Wind Mill, and Sugar Works; and
Still House* in tolerable repair,
4 Horse,
4 Mules,
46 Head Horned Cattle,
; 2 Sheep,
’Jaiitatioh Implements and Uten-
sib. and the utleXpired term of ap-

R: Original Bid,
â‚– and
Comrie, Ail )
minpitraior I
of Hamil J- Complainant;
T N. of
Herbert, J

and others, ) ’
Hill of Revivor <§• Snpplf^enl.
I^URSL’ANl' to a Decree of this
I Honorable Court, bearing date
the 16th day of May, 4836, WILL
BE SOLD, on the First day of March,
1837, by the Honorable George
Webbe, Master of this Honorable
Court, at his Chambers in Charles-
Town, in the said Island of Nevis,
at 12 o’clock irt the Forenoon of
the same day,—The several PLAN-
TATIONS hereinafter described,
together with the unexpired term of
Apprenticeship of the Apprenticed
Laborers, severally attached thereto,
the Plantation Stock and Utensils,
and live and dead Stock, thereunto
severally belonging; also, a small
LOT ot LAN D, situate in the Parish
of Gingerlandj in the said Island,


Male Prsedialsj
Female ditto,
BoVs dittO;
CUrD diUo,
Male Non-Praedials,
Fertile ditto,
Boys ditto,
Girl ditto.

3ept, 1. Mail Boat Cliarib Resterick, with first July
MpiU,— failed for Tortvia aqd 8v. Thomas ) •

pnnticeship of


Male Prsedials.

Female ditto,
Boys ditto,

, Or, such of the feaid Stock, and
the unexpired terta of Apprentice-
ship bl such Labourers r speedveb/
aS may be on the said Estates, re-
spectively, on the said Day of slle.
Ldf No. 5,-^-The said Lot of
Land; about an Acre; with a small
Dwelling House thereon, how in the
Occupation of Hill Dasent, Esq.
Particulars of Sale may be obtain-
ed from the said blaster, in Levis*
from MessTs Ci.AxroN WoOD!
cock, and J. G. PioIjenit, Esquires
Solicitors, St. Christopher’s • and
Mess’rsCrowder ^Maynard So-
licitors; Mansion-House Place, Lon
don. J
. , , Master in Chaneem '
Dated August 24, 1866.

From the Dominica Observer, Aug. 10.
The Domestic Intelligence which we are
called upon to announce this day is of the
most painful kind and such as must constrain
every lover of Eominica to acknowledge that
the Colony is about to sustain a public Be«
reavement unparralleled by any former one
-—Our beloved Sir Evan Murray MacGregor
is to leave us ! His Excellency has been ap-
pointed to the Government of Barbadoes and
the Windward Islands, in the room of Sir Li-
onel Smith who is to assume the Governor*
ship of Jamaica, vacant by the resignation of
Lord Sligo-—Assailed by news so unexpected
and in its result-, so lamentab e to the interests
of this devoted Colony, but just recovered
from the baneful effects of political mis rule,
the whole face df the Community (with one or
two excepiions that we have heard o^) has
during the week been overcast wi h disappoint-
tnent and grief —We can discourse together
to no leng'ih, without givini? vent to the absor-
bing thought-—“ We are to lose our noble
Governor !” And well may this be the case,
considering the revolting circumstances chil-
ling 16 every lively thought, in whidh the peo-
ple of Dominica were found at ths time of the
last arrival of Sir Evan amongst us.—Truly,
that was a propitious season when from his ex-
alted position the ken of the “ Spirit of health”
discovered our condition and forthwith marked
us for renovation.—A comparison of the actu-
al state of sdcieiy flow existing, with that at
the period to which we have, referred must
forcibly impress every unbiassed Ob-erver with
the important advantage? which under Divine
Providence, our G vernor-General has confer-
red upon the Country.—-The path to Honour
and Competency has, by him been opened a-
like to all His Majesty’s Subjects without re-
ference to their Colour dr any other adven-
titious circumstances, however unfortunate
these might have formerly been regarded, and
to the period of Latest posterity the pen of the
Historian will have to register the acts of Go-
vernor MacGregor as those which had no pre-
cUent in Dominica—amongst these will shine
vhh prominent Splendour the appointment of
Justices of the Peace, without confinement to
the Class from which alone such were selected

even after that class had ceased to be the only
legally privileged one
The labouring population placed under a
training intended to prepare them for future
and momentbus privileges have since the re-
establishment of the Governor General here,
learned to pul in practice the understood ptiii-
eiole of English Government that “ theie is
r o Decision without an Appeal” and they have
found but the way to Government house when conceiving themselves aggrieved.—-The
reformation of some Planters and of some of
the Stipendiary Magistrates considering the
impartial consideration given to complaints by
the Governor, Bas it is admitted, riot been com-
mensurate ill extent to what was expected but
greater degrees of consideration of the claims
of the Apprentice than were known here be-
fore have been evinced.—For instance it is
now generally recognized that the extra lime
of Apprentices can Be hired by their Employ-
ers only with the consent of the people.—The
fetums of Punishments forwarded to the Ex-
ecutive now require a column to be introduced
in which is noted the clause of the L iw under
which any offence has been punished.
Thssb and many more instances of substan-
tial Ileform which we need not enumera’C have
been silently but effectually softening down the
asperities of former grievances and the lime
really did seem to be advancing when some
would no longer “ forget that they are men—
and men that they are Brethren.” To such a
consummation the thoughts of Str Evan Mac.
Gregor it was evident had not feebly been di-
rected._Nor were the expectations of the peo-
ple, exempt as they were from any forebodings
of bemg suddenly cut off, deficient in earnest
ness or confined but to a few—No~we dd
think that the Governor who had gained 10
himself laurels of the most unfading kind would
be left over u'3 ’till the promising work would
have been finally accomplished.—A truce,
however, to these reflections. Sincere we avow
they are.-— The freer have we been io indul-
ging them not knowing who is nominated to
Succeed over us either permanently or for the
time being —Of this we are certain, that Sir
Evan MacGregor carries with him the
grateful hearts of the Dominicans and their ar-
dent prayers to Almighty God for his Health,
Honor, and Happiness.

The middling class in France holds a parti-
bular position, and is different from any body
that we should call by the same name in any
older country.
la England the middling class is entirely
composed of persons engaged iu trade, the
Jowei¹ branches of commerce, farmers, attor-
neys, and persons, letired from business, and
living on the small capital they may have ac-
ouire^i in it. Their respectability is great,-
tueir views and'feeling sensible and moderate,
but their influence has been much exaggera-
ted â–  it is cruaned between the great fortunes
of tft® aristocracy on the oue hand, and the ex-

tensive elective franchise of the working clas-
ses on the other,
In America there is no especial middling
class. This class were its original founders,
and have been its constant settlers.
In France there is a middling class, not like
the nation in America, not like the middle

class tn this country, but a middle class com-
posed of the ruins of an bld, and the elements
of a new, state of society. We see there, aS

in those strata of the earth where we find the vinci al administration, wielding the judicial
mingled fossils of animals, and offish', and of power, and thus maintaining in the will of the
government that unity, which a centralised
administration gives, to its force.—-Bulwers
, Monarchy efthe Middle Classes.

herb’, Spree antediluvian, the traces of a migh-
ty shock &hich threw into unexpected com*

paniopship, things, once heterogeneous, and
buried the witnesses of a former world in the
womb of the present one. Not only did the
revolution of; 89 Break down the separate
ranks—it broke down the habits. During
that terrible reign, in frhich a noble name w §
a title of proscription; the lower classes lost
all deference for the u iper, and the upper all

con «jnpt for the lower.
The feelings which, on either side, had
kept the two portion^ of society a pari; disap-
peared ; and as the Victories of th'e consiilate
succeeded; elevating the peasant to the com-
mand of the provinces and armies; and carry-$
ing a successful soldier of fortune to the top-
most pinnacle of power, even that halo which
sheds itself upon the aristocratic mansidn andp
the princely palace, descended upon the cot-

cage. High place and great consideration ob-
tained by a quality—-which, for the very rea-
son perhaps, that it is the most commonly
respected,—-high place and great consideration
—the consequence of successful valour—-crea-
ted a nobility without ancestors, and which
had frequently its relations ainon^ the htirii-
bier orders of the people.
Here the daughter of ati illustriods race,
brought up by a mother almost starving, with
no fortune a; d little education, vVas too happy
to espouse the son of a grocer, whose bill it
would have been diffibuit to pay. Here, too,
the son of a grocer, risen into a distinguished
general, emulated the equipage, lived in the
society^ and perhaps married idio one of the
famibfes of that courtly set, who enchanted
the modern master ivuh the ancient tecollpc-
lions of Versailles. All men had been every
thing, and connected with evbry body during
thosB few eventful years, which only form half
the life of this generation, but which will be
iHe history of a republic and an empire—to
posterity.* The middle class in France, then

— I mean that t^iass who have moderate, or
what we -should call a srhall fortune, and move
1 in ah Ordinary sphere of life—cannot be said
j td have altogether one particular set of recol-
lections, or one pat€ cular set of desires.
The seigneur has fallen into this class, the
servant has risen ihtd it; and these changes
have taken place, end this amalgamation has
been brought about, nut by the steady hand
of Time, that great but slovz revolutionist,
but by the running blow of Fortune, which
altering the position of men, still leaves theit
manners and their memories.
Thus; though the middling class in France
may to a certain degree represent what may
be called the shopkeepers, still it does not
wholly represent them; while the shopkeep-
ers them elves are not, if I may thus express
myself, so completely shopkeepers as in other
countries. They afe more connected and more
in the habit of mfixing with other persons and
other classes. They have less frugality and
caution, and more of elegance and iuxtiry in
their taste and pursuits. They live in inti-
matecompanionship V^uh the artist, the litera-
teur,' the soldier, and feel no sort of barrier,
either Between themselves and those who have
not yet risen into their sphere or between
themselves and those whose fortunes are supe-
rior to
It is becausd a're hot so much A Body!
apart in France as in other countries, thai
they better fill the station that is assignee
to them in the French na’tioB. They fiava
not, to the same extent, those feelings of dastei
which b|Jcⁿg tn the middling order in govern-
ments whose ranks have been less mingle^,
: sod history is less violent and confused. They
' do riot feel sb alien to the lower classes noV,
so distinct from the higher*
Still, the man who has sunk from opuldnpe
to mediocrity, or the man who is rising from
indigence to wealth, is equally partial to dr-
der and tranquillity ; and here the middleclass
in France, though Composed so differently fron
that elsewhere, is moved by the same impuisp.
Containing the soldier, it is averse to wa ,
and springing in part from the lower ranks vt
the people, it is averse to revolution. Besides,
though the middle class’ in France is not ei -
clusively a class of shopkeepers, though tie
shopkeepers in France are different in manv
respects horn those in countries where they
form—-yet it is th6 shopkeepers who compose
the most biilky and imporlant part of ihhs
class nor are they wholly without the feelings
sand dispositions natural to their calling. The
government of the middling class, then, is
sometimes called, the government of the shop-
keepers, and we represent sufficient of its cha-
racteristics, when we oppose it to what might
be called the government of the aristocracy or

the govervinent of the working classes to jus-
tify such a description.
I say the government of the middling class
—-for the object of the present constitution
in France is to give this class (though within
a very limited sphere) the legal and repre-
sentative power of the state. The Chamber

of Deputies, the municipal councils, the juries
are all the representatives of this body—vo-
ting the public money, regulating the pro-


“ 'Ilia name is never heard”

Late one evening, a packet of letters just
arrived by the English mail, was handed to
Mynheer Von Kapeil, a merchant of Ham-
burgh. His head clerk awaited, as usual, for
any orders which might arise from their con
tents ; and was not a little surprised to observe
the brow of his wealthV employer suddenly
clouded ; again and again he perused the let-
ter he held, at last audibly giving vent to his
“ Douder and bliti n,” he burst forth, “ but
this is a shock, who would have thought it ?
phe house of Bennett and F ud to be shaken
thus !—What is to be done P”
“ Bennett and Ford failed !” cried the as-
tonished clerk.
“ bailed ! ten thousand devils ! not so bad
aS that; but they are in deep distress, and

have suffered a heavy loss ; but read, good
Yansen 1 and let me have your advice.”
The clerk read as follows :—
London, August 21st.
“ Most respected friend,—Yours of the 5th
instant; came safe to h aid, and will meet
prompt attention. We have to inform you,
with dbep regret, that the son of the trust wor-
thy cashier of this long established house has
absconded, taking with him Bills accepted By
our firm to a large amount, as per margin ;
and a large amount in cash; We have been
able to trace ihp misguided young man to a
ship bound for Holland, and we think it pro-
bable he may visit Hamburgh (where our
name is so well known, and, we trust so ,highly
respected), for the purpose of converting these
bills into cash. Ho is a tall; handsome youth,

, about five feet eleven inches, with dark hair
- and eyes, speiks French and German well,
I and was dressed in deep mourning, in conse-
tjueuce of the recent death of his mptber. If
I you should be able to find him, we have to re-
quest you will use your utmost endeavours to
regain possession of the bills named in the
margin • but, as wfe have a high respect for the
father of the unfortunate young man, we will
furlhr thank ^’ou to procure for him a pas-1
sage oh board the first vesesl sailing for Bata-I
via, paying the eXpehsbs of his voyage, andl
giving him the sum of two hundred louisd’or,|
which you will place to our account current,!
on condition that he does not attempt to visitl
England till he receives permission so to do. I
“ We are, most respected friend, I
“ Your obedient servant, I
Bennett, Ford, & Co. I
“ Mynheer Von Kapeil.” I
“ My life on’t,” said Yansen‘ “ Tis the veJ
ry ’ad I saw this day, walking up and dowj
in front of the Exchange who appeared halfl
out of his wits; looking anxiously for somJ
particular object, yet shunning general obher-1
vation ; his person answers the description.¹’ ■
“ That’s fortunate,” said the merchant^
“ you must devote the morrow lb searching
for him : bring him to me if possible, and I'll
do my utmost to serve my excellent friends,
Bennett and Ford of London. 1
₍ E'triy neXt morning, Yansen went to the
Exchange, and kept up an anxioUs watch for
many hours in vain ; he was returning hope-
less, when he saw the identical youth coming
out of the door of a Jew money-changer; he
brushed hastily past him, exclaiming, “ The
ubcohshroBabfe scoundrel! seventy per cent for
bills on the best bouse in England !”
Yansen approached him'. “ Young gentie-
man, “ said he, in a very mild tone, “ you
appear to have met with some disappointment
from that griping wretch Levi. If you have
any business to transact, my house is close by;
I shall be happy to treat with you.”
“ Willingly,” replied the youth, “ the
sooner the better. I must leave Hamburgh at
day break.”
The clerk led him' to thb house of the mer-
chant, and entered it by a small side door,
desiring the young man to be seated whilst he
gave some direction. In a few minutes he re-
appeared, bringing Von Kapell with him.
The worthy Hamburgher having no talhYA for
roundabout way of doing business, said blunt-
ly. “ Sb Mynheer, we are well met; it will
be useless to attempt disguise with me ; look
at this !” and he put into his band the letter
he had the night before received.
Overwhelmed with consternation, the young
man fell at his feet.

“ Oh heaven !” he cried, “ I am lost for
ever,—my father, my indulgent and honorable
father, is heartbroken and disgraced by my vil
lany My mother !” Here he became nearly
inaudibly, and hid his face in his hano .
“ You,’ he continued, “ are spared ill parti-
cipation in the agony your wretched son 1
“ Boy, boy !” said the merchant, raisin.
him, and ^uiie melted at this show of pc-nj -
fence, “ listen to me, are the bills safe ? I
so, you may still hope.”
“ They are,” eagerly exclaimed the youth .
how fortunate that I did not listen to the of
fers of that rapacious Jew. Here, sir, take
them, I implore you,’’ pulling from his breast
a large pocket book; they are untouched,.
Spare but my life, and I will yet atone. Oh !
spare me from a shameful death.”
There was a pause, broken at last by Yan-
sen's saying significantly to his employer, “ as
per margin,”



1 he merchant turned to the unhappy young
man. “ Take heart,” said he. “ f Wenn die
notp ist amgrbsfzem die .hulle Set am nachestT
en. There s an old German proverb for
you. Sit down and hear what I have to say.
I th.nk myself not a little fortunate in so soon
being able to fulfil the wishes of my English
correspondents; your natural alarm did not
suffer you to finish their letter - you will per-
ceive how generously they mean to act; their
house’s credit saved, they intend hot to punish
you. Read, read ; and, Yansen, order some
eatables, and a bottle or two of myoid Heidel-
berg heck, trouble always makes me thirsty-—
three glasses my geo l Yanser?’
Again the young Englishman Kid his face,
and sighed convulsively, “ I do not deserve
this lenity, my excellent father ’ this is a tri-
ante to your virtue.”
Von Kapel left his guest’s reflections undis-
turbed, ’till a servant entered, who placed re-
freshments on a well polished oak table ; when
he retired they resumed.
And now, what the -devil tempted you to>
play the------runaway ?” swallowing the term
he had intended to use “ Was it for the
wenches; or the dining table ?”
“ Spare me, most kind and worthy sir, I
entreat you ? To my father t will make full
confession of all my faults; but he must be the
first to know the origin of my crimes.”
“ Well, well, take another glass of wine;
you shall stay in my house till, we can find a
passage for you. It was but Jast. night my
good ship the Christine sailed for Batavia and

“ Under favor,” interrupted Yansen, she
has not yet left the barbunr ; the wind blew too
fresh for her to venture on crossing the
baoks at night, . \
You are luclto, youngster,” quickly added
the merchant, “ the Christine has noble ac^
comodations; you shall ab 71 d this evenrCJL—

so fortunately
In less than a. fortnight the following letter
reached the good did German—
“ Sir,—We have to inform you, that we
never lost the bills sent in your favour, every
one of which is fabricated,' and our acceptance
forged. Our cashier has no son, nor has be
lost a wife. We are sincerely grieved that
your friendly feeling towards our house should
have led you to listen toso palpable a cheat.
We remain, with great respect,¹
“ Yours,
“ Bennett!, Ford, & Co.
u F S.—If you should ever hear again of
the person who you have, at your own expense,’
sent to Batavia, we shall be glad (o know ” ;
What can be said of the good old German’s
feelings, but that they may “ be more easily
conceived than described?’’

* When things are at the worst they must mend.

Prince Sheremetofl, who is said to have
120,000 slaves on his estates, has generally ia ‘
his retinue, when in Moscow, nearly 1,000,
comprising- servants, musicians, .comedians,
carpenters, builders, tailors, mechanics, and
artisans of all kinds. Most of the slaves mi-
grate with the nobles in summer to their coun-
try seats.—Sketches in Russia, ..