Transactions of the Missionary Society

Material Information

Transactions of the Missionary Society
London Missionary Society ( Author, Corporate )
Place of Publication:
London Missionary Society
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
4 v.


Subjects / Keywords:
London Missionary Society ( LCNAF )
Missions -- British ( LCSH )
London Missionary Society -- History -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
serial ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Europe -- United Kingdom -- England -- Greater London -- London
51.4989727689739 x -0.104194658087981


General Note:
VIAF (name authority) : London Missionary Society : URI

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS University of London
Holding Location:
Special Collections
Rights Management:
This item is licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivative License. This license allows others to download this work and share them with others as long as they mention the author and link back to the author, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially.
Resource Identifier:
305637 ( aleph )
416654715 ( oclc )
CWML H725 ( soas classmark )


This item has the following downloads:

Full Text
oe . ’ te . i a ea ‘ , , P . ; ’
+ te ' Pe , - - ed , aa “ “4 es seg nde tent er eae ee Pisid as dlattiilibte dill, tile eh m shee lPithendetice i
ss ro ee > 7 S x - : . tet = ane S
1 aw Ms : ae pat ee : " boas aibiibtsei aa. 3
4 E a P Tae . » ns . ae . mn * oe sscateibenc a tan
. rte ; < dewna « & x ™ - . “4 cain abe
oe «<¥- A ae . ; bs ‘ 2 “ . : < J ¥ es
re Bh . _ : mae . ms * ‘ she lon sli saiallir ie iets pre
ees +2 o * n fe , : : chp tite er-pochcsies ended sgitteioare Risener
Re gs i nner er o “ : pabivgabrah ines ee ‘
1, an a . ‘ B . te , cael " aioli nt Rite 4 APR ete ME. as ¥
pee eo ee | Pee - ‘ : . “ 7. Pe ee a LR TR RAM RO Litt
ope ile at De” by - " F “ ; . : y 3 Rew nae AR 9h este <4
* "3 3 < “ mg ae ~ 2 . a he Oe Pe
¢ Bt , aes ue : By see ye Pi
: “Bi ¥ rs bs « ? . * ‘ . . * . os . ae ba
oa \ a . maps yf poe Naaire4 Pes — > A . rs 5 th Pietra ita caiAtaipesinaniairedien, a
ak Sy ns eh ae re ” * - ; RB : NR es ie
Pome 3339 Tre. gg Mae er ; Seat wae er kwh eee |
Shs arth» a ay | S y ~ . ' r ? a * . tex « te; ” oa ne 7
Pong: 2s! Spee seg eae TE ee a mip ee < :, a et eo ee:
R, es oe at Sone ho ° it ih ‘a sd ih i 4 Holby, aa 2 5 j > _ wes ‘ a 7 Rat ale 3 ‘
ae | 5 eee a a allan " ’ > - “ 5 . é wee +" 1
ate * = wheter te RE aaa, af a . é : if - isan . pen ;
Axe 4 ; A ‘ P % et mo . 2 ” cillite: a
Reh sane nt i oe a *) oie vies ae + eo = ve 4 : - ‘ . se abit d PY ee “are ‘
Pina ' nan nT agian ee wal s “a . aie han ‘
nie 6 t 4a ee ye a ‘ 5 F or m Mr 3 % ne bag . n iba ign aie
Peek Se i catia aa al * ea - " Saye dial ceca ae
i ae age PE ee . aid oe esdbln a F ec ei : ; pth phate sins -sabensaiooe- ecko aor ‘ '
Lae CS as ae ile ee ; = re : . y - a y od ts Rare af ebassaamaaia i.
ee + ; ST ele Pee ee ee sl ‘ rw sey “ ad =n) eH. ae - ne ;
ey gd woh eae a ie c . : ‘ 4 “ A gsm Sept eeonad or
ore oc} Sea eae ee a le * ‘ . - 5 dite te teecti o 2 ne atiieccmatia ‘
Ct aD Bare % ies » Sa Gln aba ie 2 aie " » : AE Rp BI Tan nna eeManaEE tt ¢|
a ae rate he ek No.” , on ee , . , as cet ime teint 1)
a (ae Se, a a adr ee ee me ee. dm ee penne rman |
m ora ; f i” ao * * eae es
P| A oe ons ORR ene ie Bl eee 7 Wt . - nme iM
f. : > -% , * C P a - attendant r a iB
Pie 3: oes sy meer - ‘ , An Fg ett hone in |
Sea ee ae. eens 4 te t Fi es acieihen , p " ps ‘ : ‘ Pah . ee ae pee “4
bi eS Se. eee eee eae pty pa > : a “ Ee é k pecaed 3 ote ON SEU Sh Pe Se at ie '
me “se “ we " OO eae ‘ . ~ ae “Aeee. ited oa mm
co. | |) | aueenhamenaeneen Ae pear ens : Rep enee ple eee Putas
rice i bin ee : 5 . bof Aaa RGR A HI eae
, nics od . w bo pte A;
ee seem pega a ee ae f , toss Se nd ee
ey | b+ gO ee Ne eT ‘ . iO ? ‘ ‘ vi ak a ee !
3° a eset a ts * Ee SE, Sa oe o - 7 ~ ’ od " nw 2 pene ww — albino. debs areca ‘ }
aw, t ¥ Le ARO ee ee en dy ananeneatagitat "eda mane enna . . a “ a Ae eel prt Mae th = es ser wee |
- ap (Oe + ae ae ee NN me aw ae 7 . 7 Bonet or. j om a m4 " *
F eee ee” came apts) Soli ys ~ . in ee ditie- that pene aner ey
oe opiates ae ‘a anne * ‘ eR , ‘ A Rb ee hori a aos
‘ > 7 ae ea Bsns Ge arise 8 » settee a ee niet ier iaity anand
1 + 2 Tg re A Me CRD AE nH NI rer “ a ae . i 4 wae eae eee Pes . ;
“a ro 4 ; Peni As Oe7) Ca eS * ; ; . aioe ow
pete as Gt ef A aS eae r ‘ 4 ad ve See Paes a wer eo
Sy Reiman. SEIS Tet eT een . , ‘ : ‘ uiniivehtieins te apomtaamanen |
Fe: oe oe ing FR SD AO" ¥ sl eal " : oa ‘ : pp, ae
a aes . oe hn Beet ee Se a ee « > * a y Oo y pe in
ome © Sage he kait te te ae eS . mr een ; mae ; “ = .
me. ov mame 58 toe a . ei a ane wine
eae + TA at cal, ee ra A a ne ~ é > ; or . >
Be SRE SSS, Sapiens ned Age in é : . : aegeoreamkenian:
Eee MN se aes om ? . 4 “ rs . sae
pe anew S * << a dh) Aine Mal lal ite. yf " . . “7 - ibedidbiabhassintinttile mite dans
es Sage ~ Spay ok ee Seraee's ti aneieinicis, ees
ae ee Oe eee a ; " . : on ; ; : nino nae ss :
> . be ee 4 a . atnide a L
ee as eR SE ee - a m ad r cae
eek S etait eR ee ae th ld : - 3 3 - a r pee he
eee eS en sc eee | as i . : , . a ee Rt. wah hehehe ie >
ae i > ee pee eee ’ S os * v7 Ps rs dion alli: Se as 7 :
we a foe a Be * ar 4 . ee " = iaiteeenie see ae io ads, 7 oe aw
to ssn fies. ah Alecia Ga. gh, ys « vies ther BAS: sik del ee F
7 : ast tie es ae - “ : a .s ” ad — “ rs id a . ng
tke bs olndhs - Syaets a - «
NE ORC eo - rs 7 ee ilidtniaerads hs. ati
Po ae i Oe cae he * “ os — - * PR, other a . 8
, ee 4 Oo ae Mc’ ee age 4 ‘ > ad « , hensen 4 PARR ARS yh tS AAR: Ry
a RE ER re bad . . . . - ako . Se " ro aghtens
Â¥ eon, Nea San le Re EES va : on . b : = Na Fr eget 7 i
(ae a pei x. at et goo . a Aha 3 * 1 z ~ a © oe -
ee cde ae eee . * * a fete eecatitass H
Be 3 oe ae eS ee ac te ai aeiaitenn i ? . . <7 ne 5 . - een P< a
ae ae PS Ree Te aie a ‘ ss + ; . Giethaiicedle . . satin in aon x.
ee eae on gas Sie eee os * i . iy rm NMA OEBEN5 ra . :
ok 7 Se ae ida aiilad Fees tis * *» - a - pr rr - en .
ee > pies Seta ar OT we ae 2 - » Pi MO € - n * |
ee. Ye LN Te en Te aes " : thse: : denabieierandaetes â„¢
Pee, ee eens TO ait: » i. : r ’ 5 en - ’
: 8 ER ee eae amaranth s » . ie *
rae, ase at Ate ee a me Pi * 7 De - “ *
qi th “> ' q ee , ees Sa . ba . . oan , ° sual :
i> ome ae De ota iene e * ee tn se
oo ht Ra eae F Oe Saeed ~ - * « m . Mee aah
bs = Ree " 4t4> peeled ~ al a. ee
ett # . SN eee yey caus mika aceeeane . se . »
i. dae has Cis neg vere. ene pn na : :
, ' + | Ne ee ee ee Lamcanaatell . é 7
at ‘ -_ Ne ee Saal a . ~ "
P > i tina e ieee ales “ * ” : on
a n ae Ne to RS eae ee a ? - - - 3 + 89
ea a : : yee ae ie ay Oe rant Oe dean ale ip ; + od ee ae
es ane ee ee * PORnrney ee ae % " . - “ ; 5 - Scag os noe
i oe oe Bae OU er — . dol : Os i
—— weet et ae ead e a n 7 a - :
* x a ARE Ai otter acre Sah RO ee ie led Gana =
et ae ret pe RR aE SP LD ao vin Re , y tr wesaleing
= th OAT, Re HENS ae a ‘ acorn ceneg .
ot ee Te ee sah a aemeaiaena m6 ‘ a $n aah a ai
; Sonia gee omg aby oF nied Bs > e Fs Pos whe . we - . . ia eu
PS Se at gg BigP FAIS es peti aaa a 7 p . : : os
~ aan 50 SO nt Tie aa aan . ath pice
" SN ee Mi Lae ie aie cy P a ee “ 4
- " Pee ‘ A 4
# a a ee hip = thine erin pee ee * - elie en ee
r ~ ona Pet aa eo cas a « ” « o
3 haere: eS sn le ty NAP. SOM s sn settee. .
= 7 ee ae kee ae ill . y - : Mie
e . , : B.-* ee ee anaes = ; - oats se 2 ort
: Je PRE ee aoe r . * i “s
> 4 ious eae te ie ahd * 2 a ae peers
9 a eT Le casita A anid 7 a s 2 . hee i sdnenaeoiet
. # . ~ y sy fmt Sy ge egg 7 ae 7 * . 0 . 4 m era a *
i em “ REE ee et eee saa ine ca . eI Me er é
" , pee reek Pariah tee . a 8 . uae ’ on A i :
“ " ee ee ee ee es " Rea ae pe ‘
ie =~ a dena ge tten eonanal a ‘ a , * ” : t: .
f ey MORE ALO OSM , . ae ; 5
—— ait a, ae tae, 1 alana As ee $ 7
‘ re 4 é M “s
wn » : Ore oe es a ~ -nbiices
i tee Big cat teste r “ ~ atte
wR Dee ee ere a ha . oo Pl 4 P ~ ie ‘ dng
pt = ee eee ea ae ~ " is . . 2 eer, i
‘ oe oe M . 5 * nee
, aa ~t +5 aecue « im /
: oe ey ~ "
wm e ees eee ¥ ~ .
a = ees a oe bs
; oa ‘lean > . - meena * , ee
sia ee ee * = ; - : ; . , * oa ;
a oe ee | Are a
¢ lp 5 +8 agate Reng Ss > , 4 n 4 a eee .
ee ee ee a Ps : , - eed
Se: ¢ “ - ; rier N eit :
ie ee 33.8 A
yy gi I noe 4 , Pomerat ae
' bie lhe “th oS " e - 7 a »
Kae ee = eee - rr A . ms - Ps i ‘ - wath
ne NS esol SH 5 *
‘ el ae od P “ “ ;
. a de ten ‘ ‘ : , Pr
: 8 nlite a ” -
\ y .
cE: 5 tabiae namie i , as - m ‘ a eee a
q Si ees im = * ei a ° a ® -
BS a > llanaminatc te 5 a
i : % 7 se - cS » eer o =
' _ < -—Tae a .
-_ 7 . on
Sal = we aes i
+ ame . ‘ nae a
* on , ¥
+ a | a
oe eas - - |
a ‘ eet Soe " ee |
ae i eae Ne ;
. > . . ere
a ee 7 sage ipl ‘
+% . > -
, a ~ eoadlleal “ ——
® ee .
; L¢ 7 f 3 = ea netinerna tion
pf Pate free am ma J a 3 aie ties fee |
ome ie or wy, ° : ‘ ” . a a ae
/ : BP hi . , ~ |
F be bry s ea ag 5 ;
‘Sasi ne he 3 . ‘ ap s *
re ¥ “on ‘ a R "
i ms + = ‘ 4 s
ra a oa 7 inavenoe
Ss |. sl sare ' 7
: et e ae it
: S caaee aortas . od S ‘ ee 4
‘. : . Es = = x
aaah “et ; pay ee
fades. ee ¥ re 7
~ a wee *
a ee pie ann aati
; 5 os ” Me my
% a . " en
L : . rn ca a -
5 z eit ,
sha . 7 ~ e
a d — S . Pao .
o » ~~ a 2 a . eating, baal
A e : eneesdeiendena
rs ; — “ s ms wea a q
> : = 4
z . et a ,
» : es 7 a ”
’ % « p a
Ca dual . a ear we .
: > Sa 4
eS ts 1 - Sa
ae * - » . _
a eae o y , a ah eat ; |
Pig ea ~ , . aan nm
3 x mee : te .
oh oS : A Fs
sw ss ‘ . -
: bl : perros
. “ ee
. ad ieee Pe o si ‘
4 i ; i ; a
f 3 _ hs ts an)
eae pean meen
‘ - ax m 7
: ot o . tap oe Ot
a x rs
E ere 4
‘ »~ 3 |
+ e wee ah: |
~ 2 a “ a
a geal wee . bad m mi '
; ee aad . " altel 7
rf S a ‘a aoa |
- re eo ~ - ms .
i > Cn + a - sd = - â„¢ ri on 4 "
1 ae i , . . ‘ sms ‘ 4 .
eee " we * gent
; se , a bi 7
2 7 bf
ci ¥ ee 1
— ve paaee : 5
=a ’
; — : ab.
. * re % “
2 4 a A win
La . r we oa 5 eh
; - a ee . . Leica
ees 4d #
t ae & 2 ‘ _ é
if zy . ea os z
4 a md + aerial ) Mi Ps 4
ae es
yp ee ‘ :
pen a
et + is es ,
\ weno 3 eas
; ah "
4 hee & P
ae oe « t
4 " : , 4 "
} ke ; ——° *
j a ies % Bas,
RA, i » |
Ci, Se - “
| 4 ot :
= i be ; ;
: eee ee M
> = ie
or ey ae fs z ¥ :
A Me ¥ e taey, =
t ” : t
see ; cd
‘ na |
f ar ae ’
be: > > ee 4 i
SS x a -~ se + . !
; 3s eal
. “ es
pt em
f x ee ‘4
_ ee _
9 ome
my _ + = . at
Se) i ?
vA . ae |
d 3 aes . *
| ghd >
Pane .
Kaa e ee ; a
bet ao * #
, e i” 2 ~ ye
"be 4 ” | ae he r
: ie de> Re : Srrt » >
Pe et | : | bt SF
os = , yas " ss
os ae La > Wee ie
4 >) ae § he ; a J
f ae Yes -
=" mie : * . “wl
; par G, \ wre :
By Rai ped M ; .
es rey rk F q x cn pigememseneeaanens rT , Pe
Mf x "
Meme ee. 4 , ' eal
A + 3 . aig Ef
a ; a . cm
Ps \ oe ( oe eae one " J aE
ata ‘ ‘ v c nl am . ‘ A ik eal “ i ae SR 7 de i $ . 7 2 7 iii =

J 4 4
Misstonary Hocietp,
———=> 86 4 @-B: @ (08 =






On the Promulgation of the Gofpel, by the Evertions
of Missionaries, previous to the eighteenth Cen-

THE first of Missionaries was the incarnate Lord,

the great High Priest of our profession Jesus Christ,

who was ordained of God, in all things to have the
pre-eminence. rom his baptism, and solemn inau-
guration, by the Holy Ghost descending upon him ;
he ‘entered on the great work he had undertaken, as
the prophet of his people, to whose teachings and
doctrine, whosoever should refuse to hearken, the
word ot prophecy, had by Moses, threatened utter
extermmation. |

His own active and laborious exertions laid the
foundation of that church which he came into the
world to erect, and against which, to the present
hour, the gates of hell have not been able to prevail.

This church must extend to the ends of the earth,

and the heathen of all nations and colours shall see

the salvation of our God. ‘* The mouth of the Lord
hath spoken it, and not one jot or tittle shall fail
until the whole be fulfilled. Let no man stagger at
the promise through unbelief, God will work in his
own time and none shall let it.”

Ag When


When the great Apostle, or Missionary, Jesus
Christ, had finished his ministry here below, and was
about to ascend to his throne, invested withvall power
in heaven and inearth; he gave his last solemn charge
to the persons whom he had chosen to be his heralds,
that they should spread his everlasting Gospel through
the whole world. ‘‘ Go,” said he, ‘into all the
world and preach the Gospel to every creature.” And.
having, according to his promises, endued them with
power from on high, they instantly went forth,
preaching every where, the Lord working with them,
and confirming the word with signs following.

Two things that greatly contributed-to the success
of Missionary labours at this time, were the vast ex-
tent and general laws of the Roman empire, under
the same head, which gave free access to all its pro-
vinces ; and the gift of tongues, which enabled the
Missionaries to address the different nations in their
own language.

In asmall space of time, the Gospel spread through-
out the Roman empire, and penetrated into the bar-
barous nations far beyond its frontier. We read of
the exertions of Paul with wonder and humiliation :‘
how much was done by this one man, whose heart
was wholly devoted to the work, in the face of all
dangers, ditficulties, opposition, disappointment, still
instant in season, out of season, filling, trom the depths
of Arabia to the distant regions of Spain, a space so
immense, with the glorious light of the Gospel, and
with the means of cqntinuing and increasing it to
the end of time. |

Those who are acquainted with ecclesiastical his-
tory, know the various changes which the church
hath undergone; her sufferings, declensions, revivals,
inte which it is pleasing to enter; and trace the
wonder-working hand of the great Head, preserving
the Bush burning, yet unconsumed, to the present
day; m general it may only be observed, that in no
age has Missionary zeal been extinct, though often


the taper burned dim, and only shewed the surround-
ing darkness.

In the mysterious ways of Providence, some sin-
gular events had opened to Missionaries a very wide
door into various parts of the globe, hitherto unknown.
The voyage of Gama to the East by the Cape of Good
Hope, and the amazing discoveries of Columbus in
the West, drew back the veil from a new world, the
circumstance of the discoveries being Spaniards and
Portuguese, nations strongly adhering to the Papacy,
opened tothe court of Rome a newand vast field for
Missionary exertions; and whilst the cross of Christ
was in their hands, the great object was to subdue the
newly discovered heathen lands, not more to the
despotic powers of the respective governments of
Spain and Portugal, than to obtain dominion over the
souls of men, and subject them to the triple crown.
Accordingly the wily pontiff, as the vicar of Christ on
earth, gave the eastern part of the globe to Portugal,
and the western to the Spaniards, on condition of
converting the heathen to the catholic faith. America
chiefly fell to the Spanish portion, as did the Phi-
lippine islands; while Africa, and the coasts of Mala-
bar, with the East, fell chiefly to the share of Portu-
gal. The spirit of the monkish orders revived with
fresh activity; instigated by zeal for their religion,
Franciscans and Dominicans contended for the palm
of Missionary labours, and the newly established or-
der of Jesuits carried the prize from both; if not by

the fervor of theig zeal, by their wisely and politically
planned establishments. ‘he amazing extent of domi-
nion obtained, from the Gulph of Florida to Cape
Horn, is truly astonishing. ‘hither the Missionaries
flocked, and labourers rose up host after host, to
fivht the battles of popery, to cast down the idols of
the natives, in order to put new saints and idols in
their place, and with such success, that to this day
the whole continent of America, south of the Gulph
of Florida, is become the servile subject of Rome,



without a voice that dares to mutter against, or an

eye to pry into any of her abominations.

Nor did Africa and the Fast farnish a less _pros-
perous appearance; wherever the sword of papists
conquered, the religion of Popery, intolerant in the
extreme, was introduced; every where the immensely
humerous conversions, not only swelled the number
of subjects, but added trophies to the religious zeal of
Jesuits, Jacobins and Dominicans. Nor was their
activity confined within the pale of their. own terri-
torial acquisitions, but penetrated into the populous
regions which the arms of Spain and Portugal could
not subdue; the fervent zeal of a Xavier, a Loyala,
and their ardent associates, carried them into the 1m-
menscly extensive countries of China, Japan, Tartary,
Siam and Abyssinia; and with such success, as for a
while raised the most lively expectations, that all these
kingdoms and empires would bow to the cross, and
submit to the dominion of Rome.

We enter not into the causes that ip great measure
frustrated these expectations, and rendered much of
these fervent labours abortive; but what yet remains
of these m the East, shews how wondertully success-
ful were the efforts of these Missionaries, and evinces
how much might have been done had Protestants
gone forth with the like zeal, and a better cause.

We know that many have joined the infidels in ex-
pressing contempt and aversion towards these men
and their labours, and in branding them as fanatical,
disordered and contemptible ; but we are not ashamed
to profess our admiration of their zeal and diligence:
they have afforded a demonstration how much may
be cone when unreserved devotedness, indetatigable
labour, deadness to the world, and contempt of death
and danger, animate the faithful Missionary.

The rude shocks which Popery hath sustained from
various monarchs emancipating themselves trom papal
domination ; the irreparable loss in the humiliation
of the religious orders, especially the destruction of


the Jesuits, who were the life blood of the papacy:
but above all, the ravages committed by the satellites
of infidelity, have smitten the image of jealousy,
which appears crumbling into dust. Nor is it
an inauspicious circumstance, that just at this
time of Rome’s decay, a spirit of zeal seems to be
awakened from a spark kindled in Britain, and to
have communicated its flame to various parts of Ku-
rope, to America, Africa, and the Last; and though
as yet a day of small things, as the morning spread
upon the mountains, we fain would flatter ourselves
the great day begins to dawn, the Sun of righteous-
ness is lifting his disk above the horizon, to illumine
a world lying in darkness and the shadow of death.

That he would arise and shine and cause his light
to go forth as brightness, and his salvation as the
lamp that burneth, cannot but be the fervent prayer
of all who love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity.
O! when at last will real christians of every denomt-
nation extinguish their intemperate zeal for their own
little peculiarities, cast to the moles and the bats the
unscriptural Shibboleth of mere party religion, and
unite cordially in one glorious universal effort, to
render the name of God our Saviour more known, re-
vered, and adored inthe heathen world. If such
shall be the happy effect of the labours of the Mis-
sionary Society, and if the present publication con-
tributes a mite to so desirable an end, then shall not
the labour be in vain in the Lord.

On the Efforts of Protestant Missionaries in the
last Century.

Irom the time of the reformation, to the eighteenth
century, the efforts of Missionary zeal were few and
feeble. More attentive to preserve themselves and
their flocks from the assaults and seductions of Po-
pery, than to extend their labours to the unknown
heathen, with all the difficulties of access and ex-

9 pence


pence necessarily attendant on such an undertaking,
the service languished, and at the various establish-
ments which the Protestants formed in the East and
Africa, their chaplains attended only on the garrisons,
or served the few, very few churches erected by
the government.

The Danes seem to have shewn the most attention
to Missionary attempts, and in Greenland and at
Tranquebar, in the East Indies, a few labourers
struggled to dispel the thick darkness of heathenism ;
as the English, growing in prosperity and [astern
acquisitions, enlarged their borders on the coast or
Coromandel, a society, which had been long formed
for the propagation of the Gospel, adopted the Danish
Missionaries at Tranquebar, and with the addition
of a few excellent Germans, a successful Mission was
carried on in the lower part of the Carnatic; chiefly
under the care of the Danish Missionaries, and lat-
terly by the zealous efforts of Mr. Swartz (now gone
to his reward) Mr. Jeenicke and Mr. Gerické; who
seem truly devoted to their work, and blessed in their
labours, but lament much the afflictive reduction of
their number by death, and the want of labourers
where the harvest might yet be plenteous.

The next considerable effort may be justly ascribed
toa man, of whom the world has heard the bitterest
abuse. Count Zinzendorff, after kindly harbouring
at Bethelsdorff, the poor exiles from Moravia, be-
came their bishop and ordinary; and directing their
attention to those whom no man had cared for, the
heathen in general, and the slaves in the Caribbee
islands; he sent forth, in a great variety of directions,
some simple-hearted and plaingollowers of the Lamb
of Ged, to testify of the efficacy of his blood, deter-
mined to know nothing but Jesus Christ, and him cru-
cified. We cannot enter into the detail of their zealous
labours, successful or unsuccessful, for many of them
have failed where they deserved the greatest praise
for their zeal and fidelity, but the accounts which


they have published of the state of their Missions,
manifest the most patient perseverance, and afford
the pleasing prospect that they will have many of the
heathen as stars in their crown of rejoicing in the
day of the Lord. |
_ Soon after the Moravians revived in Germany,
the Methodists rose up in England, and, among other
instances of their zeal for Christ and his cause, Messrs.
John and Charles Wesley embarked for Georgia, in
North America, and commenced those labours which
their successors have pursued, with unremitting zeal,
to this day; in the conversion, we hope, of many
thousands among the Negroes in the plantations, and
other heathen on the Continent.

Some efforts were made among the Laplanders, by
the Swedes. The North Americans have made some
attempts to evangelize the Indian nations in their
vicinity, where the labours of a Brainerd and an El-
liot deserve to be had in everlasting remembrance.
Tite Dutch, amid all their commercial enterprizes,
have not forgotten the Gospel, and in all places of
their dominion, at the Cape, Ceylon, and the Mo-
luccas, have brought many of the Inhabitants to the
profession, at least, of Christianity. Among later
efforts, we would notice, with cordial approbation,
those of the English Baptists ; who, stirred up by one
of their zealous brethren, (now a Missionary) com-
inenced their career in India, and have exhibited de-
grces of zeal and perseverance highly deserving of
approbation. Some small beginnings, after years of
patient waiting, give promising hope that their labour
will not be in vain in the Lord, especially as their
converts have relinquished the cast, which was con-
sidered by many as an insuperable obstacle to the
introduction of Christianity. ‘Their translation of
the Scriptures into the Bengalee language, now hap-
pily accomplished and published, claims the admira-
tion and praise of every true Christian. May that
word have free course and be glorified abundantly Th

a €

The Origin and Proceedings of the Missionary Society.

The voyages of discovery, made by order of his
present Majesty, in the Southern Ocean; brought to
light vast countries, before unknown, and innume-
rable groups of fertile islands, which invite the visits
of the humane, to soften, by civilization, the savage
customs of their inhabitants, and to communicate to
them the inestimable blessings of true religion.

It was soon discovered, that in the present state
of these islands, little was to be fognd which would
excite commercial attention, and that extent of do-
minion over such savages was not an object to the
potentates of the earth; they were therefore again
sinking into oblivion, and, after having awakened
the investigations of curiosity, were ready to be
abandoned to their original ignorance and barbarism.

Suggestions had indeed been made, of the desira-
bleness of attempting to communicate to them the
knowledge of our holy religion ; and a feeble effort to
accomplish it had failed, through the unfaithfulness
of those who had voluntarily offered themselves for the
service, and been a year under tuition with a view
to this important object. But when the Lords of the
Admiralty had given their consent, and the worthy
Captain Bligh, who, after his miraculous escape, was
returning to Otaheite for the bread fruit-tree, had
most humanely advised how the measure might be
accomplished, and promised accommodation to the
Missionaries, without the smallest compensation ; on
the very eve of their enbarkation, those who had
professed to devote themselves to the mission, raised
so many new ditficultics, and manifested such a re-
creant spirit, that they were dismissed, and the at-
tempt was frustrated. ‘The bread fruit-tree was car-
ried to the Leeward Islands, but the seeds of the tree
of life were withheld from the‘islands of the south.



Disappointment for a while quenched the ardour of
missionary pursuit; and though it ceased not to be
an object of fervent desire, yet the. difficulties in the
way, and the apparent insufficiency .of individual
means for so great a work, forbid every hope of sue-
cess, and despair paralized every idea of renewing the
attempt: untila Society, which had united for pro-
moting a spirit of true religion, by the diffusion of a
work called the Evangelical Magazine, had their
thoughts directed, among other schemes to advance
the glory of God, to the desirableness of a mission to
the heathen.

A warm address to this purpose was accordmgly
inserted in that work, im September, 1794. A con-
catenation of circumstances presently succeeded, head-
ing to the same object, and calling attention to the
heathen world. The Rev. Melville Horne, who had
been Chaplain at Sierra Leone, a colony established
on ‘truly Christian principles, the success of which
every good man must desire, had returned on account
of his family, but had brought back a heart inflamed
with desire for the salvation of the heathen. He
published Letters on Missions, which glowed with
the spirit of zeal and charity; these being reviewed
and strongly recommended in the above Magazine,
excited a spirit of missionary zeal, and added fresh
encouragement to proceed ina work, which, however
desirable, required considerable funds, and an active
body of men to carry it ito effect. Accordingly a
number of Ministers in London, together with some
of their country brethren, held every fortnight, du-
ring six months, a mceeting for prayer and consul-
tation, on the most effectual means of commencing
and carrying on a Mission among the heathen. ‘This
led them to circulate an Address to the Public in

' the same Magazine for January, 1795, and to send
circular letters to Ministers in each county, intreating
their consideration of the subject; from many of
them were received assurances of the most cordial
approbation, and intimations that their own munds

a & had


had previously been led to fervent prayer for the ae-
complishment of the laudable purpose. These in-
timations were accompanied with liberal pecuniary
offers, in aid of the undertaking, and various asso-
ciations of Ministers in different countics expressed
their cordial concurrence. Encouraged by these
sympathetic movements, a general meeting was sum-
moned to be held in London, on the 22d, 23d, aud
g4th of September following. ‘The persons by whom,
and places where, discourses should be delivered on
this occasion, were fixed upon, and a Committee ap-
pointed to prepare a suitable plan, to be submitted to
the Meeting for their approbation.

At the time which had been fixed on, immense
multitudes of all denominations assembled. An ad-
dress made to them on the occasion, produced a very
general impression on the mind of the public, and
was attended with a very unanimous concurrence tor
its execution, as soon as the Instruments and means
could be provided. Near eight hundred pounds was
subscribed at the very first meeting, and letters from
men of devoted hearts, offering themselves on the
service, were read, and after suitable discussion the
subjoined Plan of the Society was adopted :


J. The Name—Tue Misstonary Socrery.

Il. Zhe Object—The sole object is to spread the
knowledge of Christ among heathen and other unen-
lightened nations. ,

Lil. Zhe Members—Persons subscribing one guinea,
or more, annually. I'very Benefactor making a do-
nation of 10/4 One of the Executors, on the pay-
ment of a legacy, amounting to 50/. or upwards; and
Ministers, or other Representatives of Congregations
in the country, which subscribe or collect for the use
of the Society 5/. annually.

IV. General Mectings—To be held annually, i
London, on the second Wednesday of May, and of-

| tener

tener, if necessary, to chuse a Treasurer, Directors,
Secretary, and Collectors, and to receive reports,
audit accounts, and deliberate on what farther steps
may best promote the object of the Society.—At
every such Meeting, one Sermon, or more, shall be
preached by one or more of the associated Ministers,
and notice given, as is usual on such occasions; the
President for the day shall open and conclude the
Mecting with prayer, and sign the minutes of the pro-
ceedings. All matters proposed shall be determined
by the majority of the Members present.

V. The Direction—To consist of as many Directors
annually chosen out of its Members as circumstances
may require. At the first Meeting twenty-five shall
be elected, with power to associate with themselves
such an additional number, as may be judged by
them expedient, when the extent of the Society is
ascertained. ‘Three-fifths, and no more, of these Di-
rectors shall reside in'or near London; where all
Monthly Meetings shall be held for transacting the
business of the Society. Not less than seven shall
constitute a Board.—For greater facility and expedi-
tion they may subdivide into Committees, for ma-
naging the Funds, conducting the Correspondence,
making Reports, examining Missionaries, directing
the Missions, &c. but no act of these Committees
shall be valid till ratified at a Monthly Meeting. No
expenditure, exceeding 100/. shall be made without
consulting all the Directors; or 500/. without calling
a General Meeting of the Subscnibers. Annual Sub-
scribers of 104 or upwards, and Benefactors of 1007.
and more, may attend, if they please, with the Di-
rectors, at any of the Monthly Meetings. On any
emergency the Directors shall call a General Meeting
of the Society, to whom their arrangements shall be
submitted: Nor shall they enter upon a new Mission
till they obtain the general concurrence.

VI. Lhe Funds—Anising from donations, legacies,
subscriptions, collections, &c. shall be lodged, as soon
as collected, in the hands of the Treasurer. The: Di-

| rectors


rectors shall place in the public funds all monies so
paid, whenever they exceed 300/. until they are re-
quired for the use of the Missions; except it appears
to them prejudicial to the interests of the Society.

VII. Salaries—The Secretary shall receive such a
salary as the Directors may appoint; but the Direc-
tors themselves shall transact the business of the So-
ciety without any emolument.

The Sermons delivered on the occasion are before
the public, in which the grandest object that ever oc-
cupied the human mind—the salvation of souls, was
presented in such a variety of views, and in so striking
a manner, by the preachers, that every serious person
awoke, as from a dream, filled with surprise that se
noble a design had never before been attempted by
them; and longing, by future exertions, to redeem
lost opportunities. Many Mi£unisters, who before
doubted whether the Lord’s time for such an attempt
was come, were now completely satisfied, and joined
with equal ardour in a cause so glorious. ‘The great
number who attended as delegates from various parts
of the kmgdom—the multitudes who thronged the
largest places of worship in London—the countenance
and liberal donations of the wealthy—the appearance
of so many Ministers in one place, and in so conspi-
cuous a situation, were grand and pleasing.—The
suitableness of the hymns, and the fervour with which
they were sung—and above all, the most evident and
uncommon out-pouring of the Spirit on the Ministers,
in their sermons, exhortations, and prayers, impressed
the whole congregation with a solemnity and pleasure,
not usual even in religious assemblies, and constrained
them all to say, Zhus is a new Pentecost ; nor was it
a doubt with any, whether the Lord was among us
or not. .

Another consideration that rendered these seasons
unspeakably delightful, was the visible union of Mi-
nisters and Christians of all denominations: who, for
the first time, forgetting their party prejudices and


partialitics, assembled in the same place, sang the
same hymns, united in the same prayers, and felt
themselves one in Christ. This sentiment was so unt-
versal, that, when Mr. Boeue in the course of his
sermon, said, ‘‘ we are called together this evening
to the funeral of bigotry, and I hope it will be buried
so deep, as never to rise again,” the whole vast body
of people manifested their concurrence, and could
scarcely refrain from one general shout of joy. Such
a scene was perhaps never before beheld in our world,
and afforded a glorious earnest of that nobler assem-
bly, where we shall meet all the redeemed, and in the
presence and before the throne of the Lamb, shall
sing, as in the last hymn of the service, Crown him,
crown him Lord of all!

Every man returned with a heart inflamed to pray
for the prosperity of Zion, and to use his most vigo-
rous exertions to promote the Missionary Work.

The Society determined to make their first efforts in
the South Sea Islands, and their funds soon encreased
with a liberality that encouraged vigorous procedures,
whilst the singularly kind offer of Captain James
Wilson, to conduct the expedition without any re-
muneration, animated every heart with hope of a
speedy attempt. A ship was purchased, and a body
of Missionaries, consisting of twenty-four single, and
five married brethren was selected, who embarked at
London on the 10th of August 1796; and after a
prosperous passage, without the loss of a man, or any
material sickness, they arrived at Otaheite on the 6th
of March, 1797; when twelve single and the five
married Missionaries were left at that island, one at
the Marquesas, nine at ‘Tongataboo, in the Friendly
Islands, and two returned with the ship, which pro-
ceeded to China, and thence to England, completing
her voyage in twenty-one months.

The details of this voyage being before the public,
in a quarto volume, it would be superfluous to repeat
them; sutfice it to observe, that so auspicious a com-
mencement naturally led to follow up the work with

1 zeal


zeal and vigour, and the liberality of the public ex~

ceeding all our hopes, it was not long before the Ship

was again equipped, and after selecting from the great
number who pressed to go, ten married and about
twenty single brethren; a second voyage, under Cap-
tain Thomas Robson (who had sailed with Captain
Wilson, and who was warmly recommended by him)
was undertaken. The ill success attending this
voyage, owing to the capture of the Duff, off Cape
Frio, by the Bonaffarte French privateery and the
great losses thence resulting to the Society, produced
the most aftlictive sensations in those who were in-
terested in its success; and though the calls seemed
but to be the stronger to support the Missionaries
already in the islands, yet the tidings which shortly
followed, respecting the departure of a number of the
Missionaries from Otaheite, and the reasons by them
assigned for that measure, gave a greater blow to
the work, and seemed to shake it to its foundation.
Though the refusal of part of the Missionaries to
quit their station, encouraged a hope that matters
bore a much more favourable aspect than the Socicty
had reason to expect from the representations of those
who quitted the island, and the intelligence some
time after received from the remaining Missionaries,
confirmed this hope, and strengthened their purpose
of persevering in their attempts.

In a short time the Royal Admiral, Captain Wil-
liam Wilson, (who had been First Mate of the Duff
under his uncle Captain James Wilson) being engaged
to carry convicts to Port Jackson, an agreement was
made with the owners to convey any number, not
exceeding forty persons, to the Society and Friendly
Islands, but only twelve were found to embark for
the work; these were single men, several of whom had
been captured in the Duff; one of them, after sailing
and being driven back, was taken ill of a fever, and
sent on shore; the rest, through the good Providence
of our God, arrived at Port Jackson, where one died,
and one, forgetting his engagement with the Society,


chosé to remain; the rest arrived safe and well at
Otaheite ; and, with another Missionary from Ton-
gataboo, who is since gone thither from Port Jack-
son with his wife, greatly refreshed the hearts, and
strengthened the hands of those who had obtained
grace to be faithful. | -

At Port Jackson they learned the afflictive intelli-
gence of the wars at Tongataboo, the desolate state
of which island and its neighbours were witnessed by
Captain Wilson on his return, where not a hog was to
be seen, and all the beautiful plantations, once culti-
vated like a garden, now laid waste. These calami-
ties prevented the intended division of the body of
Missionaries on board the Royal Admital, and no
alternative remained but to go to Otaheite.

There is not, we trust, an individual servant of
God who may read the following Journals, who will
not have the fullest conviction that the Lord has been
eminently manifesting his care of the Missionaries,
and who will not cherish the hope, that, if we
patiently persevere, there is rational ground to look
forward for final success in God's own time. Good
men, while they read, will acknowledge, that if the
Missionaries have been attended with the infirmities
incident to our fallen nature, or have. found more
dithculties in conquering the language than had been
apprehended, yet that the Journals bear upon them
the strong stamp of men of God, acting in simplicity
and godly sincerity. ‘Their own accounts will be the
authentic documents of the state of the Missions; the
issue is in his hands who doth whatsoever pleaseth
him among the Hosts of Heaven, and the Inhabitants
of the Earth. |

The number of persons, of which the South Sea
Mission consisted ,when the last advices came away,
were three married and eleven unmarried brethren,
and two or three children, besides Connor’s daughter,
who was taken into Mr. Henry’s family. Two Euro-
peans, Hayes and Connor, attended the worship,

VOL. L. b and.


and a Chapel was far advanced for the preaching of
the Gospel to a more numerous auditory.

One Otaheitean youth, who was in London under
the care of the Society, departed this life in May
last, leaving behind him the inost satisfactory testi-
mony that his heart was renewed by the Spirit of all
grace, and that his happy soul has winged its flight
to the mansions of eternal glory. ‘Two other very
promising youths of that nation found in England,
named Obi and Madona, have lately been put under
the tuition of our Moravian Missionary brethren for
instruction, with a view to their return, should God
preserve them, to their native country, improved in
our arts, and civilized. May the Lord Jesus add his
benediction, and bestow upon them the riches of his
grace. From a letter recently received from their
Tutor, it appears, that they manifest much aptness
for instruction, and voluntarily attend divine worship.

But whilst the attention of the Society has been
occupied in supporting and replenishing their first
Mission, they have not been unmindful of other dark
parts of the Earth. They have equipped several
Missionsto the Cape of Good Hope, from whence
their Missionaries have penetrated into the interior of
South Africa; in the face of dangers innumerable,
arising, not only from beasts of prey, with which
they are often surrounded; but from savage men,
and from the subtle artifices of still more savage
European settlers, whose jealousy has been roused at
the instruction of the natives. Still the good hand
of God has preserved them, and the illustrious Van-
derkemp, whose Journals will be inserted in the pre-
sent work, was about to establish a Hottentot Village
or Settlemement near Algoa Bay, under the auspices off
the government, for the purpose of civilizing and
collecting such of the natives as are willing to hear
the Gospel of the kingdom; while other Missionaries
are labouring among the Corannas and the Boschemen,
and at several other stations, in the Colony, forming
an extensive chain of Missionary efforts in a Country


hitherto enveloped in gross darkness. The visits of
our Missionaries to Cape-town have also had the
happy effect of exciting a spirit of Missionary exertion
at that place, as well as at Stellenbosch, about thirty
miles distant, at each of which a Society has been
formed, who are exerting themselves with laudable
diligence in the instruction of the Heathen Slaves and

The Society has also sent two Missionaries to Ca-
nada and Nova Scotia, with a view to explore the
situation of the native Indians; but having met with
encouragement froin the Christian settlers, they have
accepted their invitations, and one of them especl-
ally appears to labeur with considerable .success; in
which we cannot but rejeice, although for the present
it suspends our designs tor the benefit of the Heathen
in that vicinity.

Our compliance with the request of some Christians
at Twillingate, Newfoundland, in sending Mr. Hill-
yard to labour among them, has been blessed with
considerable success, and a number of persons have
formed Societies for prayer and Christian com-

The state of the neighbouring nation of France
has also engaged our attention, where the enfeebled
condition of the Romish Church appears to open an
ample field, in which we may-sow the seeds of the
pure Gospel. A Deputation of four Directors has
recently visited that country, where they met with
every encouragement to proceed in the laudable work,
as will appear from their report at the close of the
present volume; since which, effective measures have
been adopted for the printing and extensive circula-
tion of the Holy Scriptures, together with the other
yublications therein mentioned, both in France and
Italy. | |

From a conviction of the important advantages
which attend any Mission composed of persons who
have received suitable instructions, the Society has
justituted at Gosport a Missionary Seminary, jn which

| b Q | eight


eight young men are under tuition, among whom is
a descendant of Abraham, whose heart being warmly
impressed with the love of Christ, olows with desire
to communicate the knowledge of the Messiah to his
brethren according to the flesh, who still remain in
jenorance and unbelief.

~ We have also one Missionary, who 1s under a
course of surgical instruction, i which he enjoys
the advantage of attending the Lectures and practice
of men of the first ensinence in London; while another,
who has nearly completed his studies in divinity and
medicine at Edinburgh appears to possess accomphish-
ments which promise much usefulness should he be
employed on a Mission to India; where we have at
prisent one diligent Missionary, and in which country,
as well as at Ceylon, we hope to accomplish, in the
course of a few months, those important objects, which
have been tco long delayed for want of suitable per-
sons to engage in the work.

The paucity of British Missionaries, together with
the advantages arising from a knowledge of the
Dutch language ina Mission to South Africa, have
induced the Directors to engage several Students from
the Seminary of Berlin; whom they have placed
under the care of the Rotterdam Society for further
instruction, as well as to attain a proficiency in the
Dutch language.

It must be obvious that the vast extent of the
Society's coucerns involve a large annual expence,
having not only to support the Missionaries during
their course of instruction, and upon their respective
voyages, but even when settled they require constant
supplies of clothing, medicines, &c. and in some of _
the stations are wholly supported by the Society.

As the proposed Missions to the East will neces-
sarily enlarge the current expenditure in a very con-
siderable degree, the Directors entertain a confidence
that the munificence of the religious public, which
has been sO eminently manifested on every former
occasion, will.not, at this time, be a less prominent


feature in the character of British Christians: and
that the Society will be strengthened by the additional
aid of many respectable friends, who were not, at the
first, fully convinced of the utility of the Inftitution;
but from the stability which Divine Providence has
given to it, and the evident success with which the
oreat Head of the Church has blessed several of its
Missions, may now be disposed to favour its interest,
though for want of a special application they have
not as yct subscribed to the funds, or assisted in
the work by personal influence in their respective

To the candid perusal of Christians in general we
submit the following pages, trusting that the impar-
tial reader will be earnestly desirous to promote an
undertaking of such extensive benevolence, according
to the ability which God has given him.

The proceedings of the Society have had the happy
effect of giving a great impulse to the faithful in
various nations, calling them tothe help of the Lord
against the mighty, the impression which has been
made, and the Societies which have been formed for
Missionary exertions in a variety of places originated
in the interest excited by our first endeavours, which
alone would be more than an adequate reward for
every past exertion, and render us inexcusable, ‘did
we not acknowledge the good hand of our God over
us, and also in the collateral good which has arisen
beyond our expectation. Let any one consider the
state of the religious world seven years ago, and view
the astonishing excitement which has roused to un-
paralleled exertions both at home and abroad, and
will he not acknowledge that this ts the finger of God ¥
and that it directs us steadily to pursue the grand
object of sending the glorious Gospel to Heathen and
other unenlightened Countries.

It will be proper to apprize the Public, that we
have not inserted the daily transactions from the
Journals, which might appear tedious repetition ; yet
jt is pleasing to observe, that those repetitions particu-

] larly


Jarly dwell: on the daily course of worship, prayer,
and praise, in which they were constantly employed ;
in frequent occasional exercises of devotion, and in
the constant regular observance of the duties of the
Sabbath, which evidence their care to maintain a
life of communion with God, as became the office
committed to their trust. We shall therefore chiefly
dwell on events which more generally interest the
Public, though none ought to impress us with more
respect for the Missionaries themselves, or Inspire us
with greater confidence, that our God and Saviour
will hear our continued supplications, and crown our
Jabours with the desired success,

December 31, 1802,

Subscriptions and Donations to this Society are recetved by
JosEPH HARDCASTLE, L/q. Treasurer, No. 9, Old Swan
Stairs, near London-Bridge, London.

The Directors respectfully ‘submit the following Form,
RY, neh any Benefaction may be given to the Society by


I AB do hereby give and bequeath unto C D of
and E F of the Sum of to be paid out of my
PERSONAL Estate, upon trust, and to the intent, that they, or
either of.them, do pay the same to the Treasurer, for the time
being, of a Voluntary Society, commonly called or known by:
the name of the Missionary SocieTy, which was instituted
in London In or about the year 1795, and now do, or lately
did, hold their Annual Meetings at Haberdashers Hall Meet-
ing-House, in Staining-lane, Wood-street ; which said Sum of

I desire may be applied towards carrying on the bene
volent designs of the said Society,

On the exertions of Missionaries previous to the eighteenth century lil
On the efforts of protestant Missionaries in the last century — vil
The origin and proceedings of the Missionary Society —_ — x
Transactions after the departure of the ship Duff ~— :
Journey to Hapyano —_— — — — — 4
A. public exhibition by the natives — tote —_ 16
Journey to Opare — —_ — — _ 21
Address to the chiefs — — — —~ — 425
Separation of the Missionaries — — — — 37
Reception of the Missionaries at Port Jackson — _ 70
Death of Temaree, a Chief. — — ~ _ 76
—————— Mannemanne, the High Priest — — — 90
Journey to the Morai at Opare — — wane — 98
Marriage of a Chief — — — _ _ 114
Human sacrifices — — — a — 143
Return of Mr. Henry and family to Otaheite — one 166
Phenomenon of the sea — —_ — — — ibid
A native under concern for his’salvation = = —_ — 17%
Erection of a chapel commenced — ~_ —_ 174.
Remarkable instance of cruelty _— — _ — 187
‘Two infants spared through the influence of the Missionaries — 199
Correspondence between Governor King and Pomere = 206, 226
Description of a sacred canoe — _ —e —_ 214
Travelling players — —_ — —_ 216°
Ceremony at an interview of the chiefs — one 219
Image of Ooro stolen by the people of Attahooroo — 221
Arrival of the ship Royal Admiral with Missionaries _ 233
Rules for the government of the Society _ = —= 245
List of Missionaries at Otaheite _ oome = 255
Opinion of the natives concerning the prayers of the Missionaries 267
Plot against the lives of the brethren. — ~~ — 270
Commodious settlement of three Missionaries at Ardeo — 257
Description of Vavaoo islands —_ — ~_ ibid
Instruction of children impracticable _ oe 280
Death of the principal chief na — — 231
War commenced among the natives Co — 232
CANNIBALs, exceeding any former account — — 283, 288
Destruction of Mr. Buchanan’s house, &c. at Moco ~e 287
Loogalala’s flL¢ts of war canoes _ ~— _ 237) 296
4 Battle

Battle of Tagéow oo — — aah 233
-Plundering the brethren at Aheefo ~~ — 289
They conceal themselves among the rocks — — 290
Death of the three Missionaries at Ardeo — — 291
Refuge of the brethren and natives in the house of anidol — 294, 296
Horrid devastation by the war — ~— 297, 31f
Burial of the brethren at Ardeo —_ — “ne 299
The survivors upbraided as the cause of the national calamities — 303
Perilous situation of Mr. Wilkinson — — 306
Account of a Hurricane — — _. 462
Providentia! arrival of a ship when the Missionaries were in imminent
danger — —_ — _: — 913
Departure of the brethren from Tohgataboo — a 314.
Mission to the Boschemen —_ o _: 328
Promising appeardnees of success — —< 329, 344) 345
Manner of living, &c. — — — 332
Letters from two natives “ne nw _ 348
Mission to the Coramuas | _ — —. 345
Conversion and call of Dr. Vanderkemp es as dag
Successful labours of the Missionaries on their Voyage to the Cape of
Good Hope o— — — _ — 360
Formation of a Society at the Cape on a 368
Journey to Caffraria — = cms _ 372
First attempt to enter Caffraria — i _ 381
Appearances of grace among the Hottentots and slaves — 385, g05, 412,
420, 423, 424) 425, 426, 428 471, 473, 480, 481, 485, 490, 491, 492
Second attempt to enter Caffraria aie _ = 4390
Pirst audience of king Gika ~— ~ _ 394
Account of the ink plant — ws es aot
Attempt to settle in Caffraria — = = 404
Applications to Dr. Vanderkemp to procure rain 410, 422, 423, 426
Design of Gika providentially frustrated — _ 417
Hottentots baptized by Dr. Vanderkemp — 425, 4745 4.78
Account of the religion, customs, &c. of Caffraria — 432
Specimen of the Caffra Language _ — ~ a Gar
Account of quadrupeds, &c. and history of Caffraria _ 460
Apparent conversion of an English deserter ni _: 474
Account of sulphureous baths — _ _. 479
Return to Graaff Reinet — _ _ hid
Insurrection of the colonists aint ous 7 480
Mediation of Dr. Vanderkemp _ a _ 485
Visit to the King of Caffraria — — _, 487
Land given to the Missionary Society _— a: 490
Correspondence with the Governor relative to a Missiottary settlement 492
The Lord’s Supper administered to Hottentots and slaves — sot
Removal to Algoa bay — a _ 502
List of Missionaries in Afriea ~~ —_ _ 507
REPORT on the state of religion in FRANCE sina — 509


Transactions of the Missionaries, from the Departure of the
Ship Durr, on the 4th of August, 1191, to the Separation,
which took place on the S\st of March, 17198.

August 4th, 1797.—This morning the ship Duff was got

under sail, and lay to without the reef. The boat went off

with our dispatches for England, and we took, with tears of
love, our last farewell of the captain, officers, and seamen; and
stood gazing at that highly-favoured ship, in which we had lived
almost eight months; and sailed more than twenty thousand
miles, over the boisterous deep, till it vanished from our sight ;
not forgetting to liff up our hearts to God, in fervent prayer,
for her protection, and safe passage to our native shore. _We
also gave ourselves, in a iiore particular manner; to the Lord,
to aid and uphold us in our imporrant undertaking, praying that
he may grant us such qualifications, as shall enable us to act
with consistency before the poor benighted heathen; and that
many may, through our instrumentality, be translated from the
sower of darkness, into the kingdom of his dear Son Jesus Christ.
We are now situated in one of the most delightful countries in
the world ; here the cares and anxieties, which possess the poor
man’s breast, with respect to the maintenance of his family, ré-
quire not a thought ; but stilk we have our troubles and anxi-
eties, when we considet our critical situation, upon a small
Island, many thousands of miles distant from our mative cotntry;
and surrounded by an uncivilized people. We have, it ts true, re-
ceived from them kind treatment, greatly surpassing what we
expected ; bur, from our knowledge of human nature, we have
cause to apprehend, that much deceit and covetousness may bé
mingled with their actions, as well as professions of kindness ;

VOL. B and

g Otahettean Journals,

and are therefore taught the necessity of some degree of caution
in our transactions with them. Probably, we are in no danger
at present, from an open attack, as they stand in dread of our
fire arms; but what craft or stratagem they may use to jure
us, we cannot tell; and, therefore, we keep a guard of two
brethren, through the whole of the night, to prevent any sudden

Augusé 5th.—Prayers as usual. A division of trinkets, knives,
scissars, and various other things, which were thought necessary
as presents to our Otaheitean friends, and to distribute among
the natives, as occasion may require, took place. While the
brethren in general were engaged in the above employ, the
watch (who was supposed by the natives, either not to under-
stand, or altogether to disregard thesubject of conversation among
them) overheard Edéa, the king’s mother, and the most power-
ful person upon the island, talking of the great quantity of
property we had in possession, and the propriety of taking it
from us ; when it was suggested, that sabbath-day was the most
proper time to effect this, as we should be then unarmed and
easily plundered. ‘The watch reported this conversation to the
society, and a consultation ensued upon the necessary steps to be
taken to preserve ourselves from their wicked machinations. It
was objected by some, that he might be mistaken, not naving
a sufficient knowledge of the language ; and, therefore, we coul
not determine upon our conduct, on the ground of a report that
was as likely to be wrong asright. It was allowed, that he
might have been mistaken in some expressions, but that the
subject of our having much property, and that it was no dificult
Matter to strip us of it, was introduced in their conversation,
seemed to be without a doubt, and it would be criminal in us
to neglect caution. It was therefore thought necessary, by the
society, to put ourselves in a state of security, and desire the
natives to withdraw from our dwelling. des was not a little
alarmed at our conduct, and requested to know the reason of it.
she was informed, that she had been overheard devising a plan
to plunder us upon our sacred day, when unguarded and en-
gaged in worship. On receiving this answer, she sent Peter
the Swede, to inform us we were quite mistaken in our con-
ceptions, with respect to the charge brought against her. She
allowed that such a thing was talked of, but only as a plan
laid by some ill-designing men, in an inland part of the country.
We had some réason to suspect the truth of this, but judged it
prudent to lide our suspicions ; we thcrefore, by Peter, desired
Edéa to think no more of it, and again invited her to our dwell-
ing. E-céa soon made her appearance among us ; no expression

| | of

from Aug. 4, 17197, to March 31, 1198. 3
nf respect ‘was wanting on our part towards her ; and a good
understanding between us was re-established. ce

Sunday, August 6th.—Prayer meeting at the usual time.
Preaching in the morning by brother Jefferson. The Sacrament
of the Lord’s Supper, which should have been administered to-
day, postponed till the next Sabbath, on account of the report of
yesterday. In the evening brother Lewis preached. ‘The day,
passed without molestation.

August ith.—Old Mannemanne, the priest, though, perhaps,
seventy years of age, came running about our house with as
much agility as a young man of twenty, enquiring for the men of
Brittane, to haul his boat on shore ; assigning as a reason for his
applying to us, ‘‘ That the Otaheiteans were too idle ta do it.”
His request was complied with.

Tuesday, August 8.—Held our monthly prayer-meeting at
half past nine in the morning ; which nearly answers to the tune
of the monthly prayer-meetings on Monday evenings in
England; we find these opportunities very profitable. At the
close of this meeting it was agreed, that the 17th of this month
be set apart for fasting, and prayer to Almighty God ; to humble
ourselves under his mighty hand, and, at the same time, to
implore his aid and protection, in the great work of the mis-

August 9th.—The mechanics sorted such tools as were neces-
sary in their different employments. We have formed an hos-
pital near our house, for the reception of any sick natives that
will come, as many of them lie languishing under the vene-
real disease; a few have come, but the generality of the poor
souls seem afraid, or are insensible of our rood-will towards
them ; some have even expected a present before they would
take any thing, and every thing must be sweet, or they think
it is not good ; and they expect to be cured in three or four days.
Oh! may the Lord make us honoured instruments of bringing
their souls to Jesus Christ the great Physician. |

August 11th—Pomére sent for Mannemanne, to offer an
human sacrifice, at an assembly of theirs called Towré6oa; he
either had, or pretended to have, no inclination to obey Po-
mére, but feared the consequences of disobeying ; he therefore
requested, that two, or more of the brethren, would accom-
pany him to Papara (the district of Temaree, and the intended
place for this diabolical ceremony) suggesting that Pomére would
not require it of him in the presence of those to whom he had
promised that he would abolish the custom, The brethren having
considered: the matter, it was concluded, that brothers Cover,

B 2 an

4 | Otaheitean Journals,

and Main (whd are the Towwa’s, or friends, of Pomére and
Temaree,) would probably have the greatest influence to dissuade
then from so inhuman a practice ; and, therefore, they should
accompany Manngmanne, and try, with God’s blessing upon
their. endeavours, what could be done. About ten o’clock,
the two brethren, with Mannemanne and followers, proceeded
upon their journey.

August 14th.—The inconvenience of the spot we dwell
upon, as weil as the house we inhabit, having been often the
subject of private conversation, together with the eligibility of a
removal to some other part of the district ; a few oi the brethren
traversed Matavaj, in order to acquaint themselves with the most
proper situation to crect a building upon, if a removal should be
generally approved.

. August 15th.—The brethren who were out vesterday exa-
mining the district, for a commodious spat for the erection of
a building, on their return, in general agreed, that a plain,
which lies about half a mile to the south of our dwelling,
appeared the most eligible place they could see. The plain is
about half a mile in length, from the edge of the sea to Matayai
river, east and west, near a quarter of a mile broad in some
places: level ground, but stony, free from trees, a good thorough-
fare for the sea-breeze, the river running across it; and the
whole place capable of being rendered, by industry, suitable for
our evéry purpose. It was in the middle of this plain that the
mutineers of the ship Bounty built their schooner.

August \7]th.—Thig being the day appointed for fasting and
prayer, jt was opened by a pyayer-meeting, in which three bre-
thren engaged. At half past ten, brother Jefferson preached from
«Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and he shall lift
you up.” James i. ver. 4. At half past one; a prayer-meeting.
At four; brother Eyre preached from 1 Chron. iv. 10. At
seven in the evening, family-prayere What few natives we had
near us, appeared attentive and surprized at the duties of the day.
In our addresses at the throne of grace we remembered them
before God. | -

August 18th.—Brothers Jefferson and Cock asked leave of
the society to visit their friends at Hapyano and Tearee, and it
being granted, about noon they departed. A little before their
departure, brother Cover, with two of the natives, that had
accompanied him, arrived, having left brother Main at Papard.
The following is brother Cover’s account of his journey:

“ Friday, August 11th.—On our way we passed the resi-
‘¢ dence of Edé2, who informed us, she would follow us imme-

‘* diately.

from Aug. 4, 1191, to March 31, 1798. 5
«¢ diately. About one o’clock we arrived at the house of
<«¢ Mowroa (husband of Pomére’s sister) m the diftrict of Opare,
‘© who received us very kindly, and killed a sucking pig for us.
«« Having spread a piece of Otaheitean cloth on a table, he placed
‘© thereon the pig, in a white earthen dish, and a plate for each
‘¢ of his visitants, which made a decent appearance, and we par-
‘© took of the provision placed before us, making a comfortable
‘meal. About four o’clock Edea arrived, accompanied by a
<“ number of natives; it not being her intention to proceed any
‘« further this night, our host began to make preparation for
“‘ our repose during the night. ‘Lhe writer and brother Main
‘© withdrew from the house, which was crowded with natives ;
‘© and, after reading a chapter, the writer engaged in prayer.
‘ Qn our return we found a supper provided tor us, of which
‘< we partook, and retired to rest, and slept very comfortably.
“ Saturday, August 12th.—As soon as we arose this morn-
‘ing, we found a dish of fish provided for breakfast, after
‘¢ which we retired, and brother Main read a chapter, and en-
‘« gaged in prayer, we then took leave of our host, and pro-
‘< ceeded on our journey as far as the great house, and waited
‘¢ the arrival of Idéa and Mannemanne; the former stepped
‘¢ but a few minutes with us, and went to a house at a small
«< distance to procure some refreshment; the old man came
‘¢ just in time to dine with us, on a pig the natives had provided
‘© for us. After dinner, the writer, and brother Main, accompa-
“* nied by a few of the natives, went forward on our journey,
«* Manneimanne intending to follow us in a canoe, and ap-
‘¢ pointed to meet usat the house of Peter the Swede, in the dis-
“6 trict of Attahdoroo, at which place we arrived about three
‘¢ o’clock in the afternoon. ‘The old man did not arrive tll late
‘‘ inthe evening. After taking some refreshment, the writer
‘¢ read a chapter, engaged in prayer, and retired to rest.
“ Lords Day, August 13th.—Prayer this morning by bro-
‘¢ ther Main, atter which we went to breakfast. About eleven
‘¢ o’clock, a number of the natives arrived with provision for
‘© Mannemanne; they brought with them ten hogs ready dress-
‘‘ ed, anda large quantity of bread-fruit. Sceing so many of
‘s them together, J thought it a favourrble opportunity to ad-
‘¢ dress them ; accordingly, I read an address to them in their
#* own language, which they appeared to understand, but did
‘“ not shew any concern, or desire, to be instiuc.ed in the
‘« things of God. ‘The more I see of the customs, temper, and
‘© conduct of this people, the more [am confirmed in an opinion
** that 1 have some time formed; viz. That our success will
** not be speedy ; the Lord, however, can reinove all obstacles,
‘¢ but

6 . Otahertean Journals,

<< but we are not to expect it out of the ordinary way. After
<* supper the writer engaged in prayer, and we retired to rest,
<* but were soon alarmed by a report, that the inhabitants of
<* the district intended to come in the dead of the night, and
«« seize on Mannemanne, and destroy him, and also strip us.
« Accordingly, we gota light, and some of the natives who
«* accompanied us sat up to watch, and got Mannemanne’s ca-
* noes ready to put to sea incase of an assault. ‘The wniter,
<* and brother Main, retired to rest, and slept without interrup-
“< tion during the night, considering ourselves safe in the hands
“© of the Lord.

“© Monday, August 14th.—We set off on our journey this
** morning before breakfast, and proceeded to the house of
<< Oboo, the friend of Mannemanne, who dressed us a hog, of
«© which we partook. ‘The writer, brother Main, and about
“¢ six of the natives, then set off for Papara, leaving Manne-
«<< manne, with the Swede, his wives and servants to Plow us.
«* The natives treated us very kindly, as we passed their habita-
‘<* tions. We arrived at the house of ‘Vemaree, the chief of
¢* Papara, about four o’clock in the afternoon, who gave usa
<‘ hearty welcome, and provided us refreshment, and a lodg-
‘‘ ing. Prayer this evening by brother Main, after which we
‘* retired to rest.

“ Tuesday, August 15th.—Prayer this morning by the wri-
«ster. After breakfast we paid a visit to Otoo, who has a
‘‘ residence in this district. On seeing us approach his house
‘< he came out to meet us ; he appeared to have been drinking
«¢ Yavva, as all the symptoms of it were evident. After some
‘* Jittle conversation, he accompanied us part of the way to-
‘« wards the habitation of Pomeére; we were met by one of
** Pomére’s youngest sons, the chief of ‘Tiaraboo, the lesser
‘¢ peninsula. When we arrived at the habitation of Pomére,
** we found him busily employed in superintending his servants
‘¢ in dying of cloth, it being customary for him to make large
‘* presents to the chiefs and Areeoies at the annual feast, which
‘* is near at hand, for which he has been making provision some
‘‘ time past ; at this feast it 1s also customary to offer human sa-~
‘* crifices, and distribute the limbs of the victims to the Popu-
‘¢ lace, in the same manner as they do the cloth, the heads
“« being deposited on the Moraj, and the eyes presented to the
“ young king; after taking some refreshment, we took our
‘© leave of Pomére, and returned to the habitation of Temaree.
‘¢ On our arrival, we were informed of a very awful and affect-
‘* ing circumstance having taken place: viz. that the servants of
‘© ‘Temaree had killed a man; on enquiry, they informed us,
‘¢ that the man was a thief, that they caught him robbing the

) ‘¢ plantations

from Aug. 4, 11971, to Marth 31, 1798. 1
*¢ plantations of Yavva, and stoned him to death. We were
‘« desirous of knowing, if they had offered the man as a sa-
‘¢ crifice to their Eatooa; they replied, no: that they had bu-
‘‘ ried him, and that thieves should be punished. To this we
‘« could make no reply, being unable to inform them (for want
‘* of knowing their language) how to proceed in such cases.
‘© In the afternoon, several men from Tiaraboo came to Te-
‘¢ maree, and seemed much displeased, on account of the man’s
‘“‘ being killed.” In the evening, the natives who came with us
‘“ from Matavai, being alone with the writer, informed him
‘© that it was very bad of Temaree to kill the man, who was no
** thief, but only came to ask for (or demand) the Yavva, being
‘* a principal servant of Pomére, but that they were afraid to
‘© say much for fear of the images, or gods, which Temaree had
‘‘ in his house, who would come at night, when they were
‘¢ asleep, and kill them. I endeavoured to convince them their
‘‘ fears were groundless, but to no purpose, they told me, I
* might ask Peter, or John the Swede, 1f what they told me
‘* was not true. It growing dark we took some refreshment,
‘‘ and the writer engaged in prayer, after which he retired to
‘rest, leaving brother Main in conversation with Temaree.
‘© In ashort time we were alarmed with the cry of Tamai!
‘¢ Tamai! 1.e. War! War! occasioned by a report that the
“ people of ‘Tiaraboo intended to attack ‘Temaree in the night.
‘¢ ‘The writer immediately got up and put on his clothes. Bro-
‘¢ ther Main coming im, informed the writer of the report, and
‘« that Temaree and his servants were making the necessary
‘* preparations for defence, observing that he did not know how
“‘ to act: the writer replied, If the people of ‘(iaraboo come,
‘© we must endeavour to coinpromise matters, and act as media-
‘‘ tors. Brother Main then went to see what was going for~
‘© ward, and the writer laid himself down to rest with his
“* clothes on, to be ready in case of analarm. In a short time
“ brother Main returned with a musquet, and presently one
“ of Temaree’s servants entered with a blunderbuss m his hand.
‘© The writer, not liking to see it in the hands of the natives,
© took it and laid it by his side, brother Main doing the same
‘* with his, he laid down to reft, Temaree’s servants keeping
‘* a watch all night, some of them being sent some distance
‘* from the house, to give the alarm, if they saw any body of
** men approach. We did not meet with any further interrup-
** con during the night. ° |
“© Wednesday, August 16.—Prayer this morning by brothe¢
s¢ Main, after which we went to breakfast ; the alarm of wat
‘¢ having in some memeure abated, the natives were quiet, and
“6 turned their attention to the Yavva, the juice of which is an
‘© antidote

$ Otaheitean Journals;

‘< antidote to all their cares and complaints. After breakfast f
““ went to Pomére’s house, where I was surrounded by many
“‘ natives, who, thinking I was a friend to Temaree, looked
“¢ very sternly at me ; having their war weapons in their hands,
«* and their turbans on their heads, their appearance was truly
“© formidable. I remained at the house the whole of the night,
‘“ but had bat little rest, being often disturbed with the cry of
«’ war! Pomére slept with a spear by his side, and had a mus-
«« queteer to guard him. Having been preserved from danger -
“through the night, the next morning I set off for Matavai,
“¢; with orders from Pomére to inform the brethren there would
‘© be‘no war. Pomére advised me to go over the Isthmus, to
* avoid any ill-designing men among the opposite party, and
“make the best of ny way home. Accordingly, after a
“ friendly parting, I set out for the Isthmus, which I crossed
‘the same day, and siept at Tearee in the evening. This
“ morning early I left Tearee.”’ |

‘After hearing the above account, the society were concerned
for the welfare of brother Main, it was therefore proposed, a
message should be immediately sent, to require brother Main’s
mstant return to Matavai.

August 2ist.—The brethren employed ,chefly in rendering
their apartments secure from the depredations of the natives.
Morning and evening prayers as usual.

August 223.—Brother Main returned from Papara, he in-
formed us the difference between Pomére, and Temaree, is ami-
cably settled.

August 23d.—EKarly this morning, discovered an entrance
made into the smith’s shop, and a number of small, but valuable
articles, stolen. “The manner of: this robbery was somewhat
curious, and shews the artifice and cunning of the thief. It is
supposed, the man was destitute of a knife, with which he
might have cut the lashings: of the sticks that composed the «
Walis, as it were, of the shop; and by so doing, have entered
with ten-fold less trouble as well as time; but instead thereof,
he dug out the sand, apparently with his hands (the emmon
spade of the natives), and made a hole large enough to admit
himself through, with the articles he had stolen, under the ends
of the sucks, which were not less than two feet deep in the
ground. ‘This must have taken him some time to compleat;,
and he must have been under continual apprehensions of being
detected by the watch, who was walking round the house, and
must have passed him at the time. Once the watch’s attention
was attracted towards the place where the man was at his work ;

| but

From Aug. 4, 17191, to March 31, 1798. $
but he had so coiled himself up, in the hole he had digged, that
the watch took him for a hog, and left him unmolested. Pitea,
the deputy chief of the district, being applied to on the occasion,
he soon recovered the stolen property; and restored it to the so-
ciety. |

August 29th.—Another atternpt was made upon the black-
smith’s shop last night, but without success. ‘The natives that
surround us, are as void of gratitude as of principle; and seem,
in general, to be watching opportunities to impose upon us.
We endeavour to preserve ourselves from depredations, without
doing any injury to the depredators, when we have it in our
power ; thereby manifesting, that we desire to do them good, and
not hurt. But our lenity hath been misconstrued into cowardice,
by some, and they take encouragement therefrom to animate
each other in their évil practices.

Sept. 14st-—This day brothers Jefferson and Cock returned
from Hapyano. After evening service, brothers Jefferson and
Cock laid before the society the result of their journey, the sub-
stance of which is as follows: They were received by Vitua,
the chief of the district, and brother to Pomére, in the most
friendly manner, and treated with every mark of respect that
could be shewed by that chief. Vitua’s behaviour, and the de-
sire he expressed, of having the two brethren to reside with
him, inclined brother Jefferson to think, it was a favourable
door, opened by the Lord, for the introduction of his gospel
into that district; and communicating the same to brother
Cock, they agreed to accept of the chief’s offer. Having stated
this to the brethren, they added, If it met with the approbation
of the society, it was their intention to go and reside in the
district of Hapyano; hoping not only to render themselves use-
ful to the society, by supplying them, as far as lay in their
power, with any produce of the district, if necessary, but more
especially in acquiring the language of the country ; brother
Jefferson declaring that he had learnt more in the twelve days
he had been out, than he had in twelve weeks at home. Bro-
ther Cock likewise said, he could not learn the language while
engaged in so many worldly concerns, as he was, with the so-
ciety. ‘This declaration of mind from the two brethren, caused
a division of sentiment in the meeting: with respect to the pro-
priety of any person leaving the settlement at Matavai; some
argued, ‘That residence from the body of missionaries, among
the natives, exposed to too many temptations; and, moreover,
to give our sanction to the departure of the two brethren under
consideration, would be a bad precedent, which, if others should
follow, we should be rendered defenceless, In that case, it was

VOL. I, Cc not

10 Otahettean Journals,

not only likely that our property would be plundered, but our
sisters treated with brutal indignity. Others argued, that if a
retired situation among the natives, was so advantageous to the
study of the language, that ought to be chosen by those who
were disposed, and other things left unto God. These debates
terminated in a majority of about eight, in opposition to their
going ; upon which, brother Jefferson said, He would not act
rashly in the affair, but again supplicate the Lord, and the next
evening give in his determination.

Sept. 2d.—After evening prayer, brothers Jefferson and Cock,
informed the society, That it was their determination, in the
strength of the Lord, to go and reside at Hapyano. As there
was such an opposition, on the preceding evening, to their pro-
position for removing, their determination could not meet with
approbation now : and, as the conduct of brothers Jefferson and
Cock, was deemed an unjustifiable inflexibility, ‘in the pursuit
of an object, which might probably disappoint their expecta-
tions, it was thought too important to pass unnoticed; conse-
quently, the opposing majority declared, that as brothers Jef-
ferson and Cock persisted in their determinations to leave the
society and settlement at Matavai, they should no longer be con-
sidered members of our civil society, nor be entitled to any of
its privileges. Brothers Jefferson and Cock replied, They acted
from conscience, had made it a matter of prayer, thought ir
might prove advantageous to the cause they were engaged in >
and, therefore, were resolved to pursue their purpose.

Sept. 4th.—After morning prayer, brothers Jefferson and
Cock took their leave of the society, and with their property on
board a double canoe, sent by the chief of Hapyano, for the
purpose, departed for that district; on their passage the canoes
were overturned by the surf, and their books, papers, &c. met
with material injury.

Tuesday, Sept, 5th.—At half past nine in the morning, an-
Swering to seven o’clock on Monday evening in England, we
held our monthly prayer-meeting, for the spread of the gospel.


Sept. 6th.-In the evening held our experience-meeting. At
the close of which, it was brought forward for considera-
tion, whether the meeting first adopted on board the Duff, in
which each member spoke his thoughts upon a text, would not
at this time, with a few alterations, be advantageous? The
question being discussed, it was unanimously agreed, That the
meeting should be re-established.

Sept. Zist.—In the afternoon brother Cock arrived at our
dwelling. «As the purport of his visit was of a public nature, an

4 : assembly

Srom Aug. 4, 1797, to March 31, 1798. 11
assembly of the society was called, and brother Cock stated the
occasion of his coming; which was, to request some tools of
the brethren, in order to build himself and brother Jefferson an
house at Hapyano. After consideration had upon the matter, it
was agreed, As brothers Cock and Jefferson had left the society,
against the consent of the majority of brethren, they were not
entitled to any thing from the public store room; but, notwith-
standing, as the application was principally at this time for a
pit-saw, they should receive the loan of it, which pit-saw, it
was expected, should be returned at the end of three months.
Also, any member was at liberty to lend, or give, from what
property they had in possession. Brother Cock received the
saw, &c. and various needful articles from the brethren, chiefly

Sunday, Sept. 24th *.—Prayer-meeting, at half past six.
Morning service by brother Broomhall, who preached from
Psalm cxxxix. 23, 24. In the evening brother Cover preached,
and the day closed in peace. ‘Thus are we permitted to worship
God, without molestation, week after week, and month after
month, notwithstanding we are less than the least of the many
mercies we are daily partakers of. O! that our gratitude may
jncrease with our obligations !

Monday, Sept. 25th.—Most of the brethren employed in
flooring their apartments ; brother Main at building his house.
Jn the evening held our speaking-meeting, which was concluded
with prayer by the moderator.

Tuesday, Sept. 26th.—Employed as yesterday. In the
evening the society met, and conversed upon the language of
the country, to communicate such discoveries as any brother
had been able to make therein. Concluded with prayer.

Wednesday, Sept. 21th.—Brethren employed in general about
their births. In the evening brother Eyre preached. The wor-
ship of God, morning and evening, according to regular course.

Thursday, Sept. 28th.—Employed as yesterday. In the
evening held our experience-meeting,

friday, Sept. 29th.—Brethren variously employed through
the day. In the cvening brother Lewis preached.

Saturday, Sept. 30th.—The principal of our brethren,
employed in flooring our apartments ; brother Main, with some
Natives, erecting his house; others variously engaged. Morn-
ing and evening worship in order, as usual. ‘Thus we are

* We have here given the employments of one week in detail, which may
serve as a specimen of their general conduct.

c2 brought

12 Otaheitan Journals,

brought, in peace and safety, not only to the end of another
week, but likewise of the month; in the course of which we have
experienced manifold mercies from God, who hath not per-
mitted the inhabitants of the country, high or low, to do us
any harm.

Sunday, Oct. \st.—Prayer meeting at the appointed time.
Morning service by brother Harris, who preached from ‘Titus 11.
14. and administered the Sacrament of the Lord’s Supper. Bro-
ther Jefferson attended. In the evening brother Henry preached,
from Prov. iv. 23.

Oct. 3d.—This morning held our monthly prayer-meeting
as usual. Old Mannemanne visited us, with his ten young
wives ; he 1s almost blind with age, and drinking Yavva. What
he cannot obtain from the natives by hjs priestcraft, he begs of
us. His own power seems to depend on his priesthood : the
poor natives say, ‘‘ If we deny him any thing, he will pray to
‘6 the Eatooa, and we shall die.’’ We often, as far as our
knowledge of the language will admit, enter into conversation
with him respecting his notions of religion, and find him very
bigoted in his opinions, concerning the gods of Otaheite, but
from no other authority than, as he says, ‘“‘ my grandfather told
my father, and my father told me.” But, when we can dis-
course intelligibly, we confute him in argument.

Oct. 24th.—The brethren much interrupted at their employ-
ments, by the arrival of a great nunber of natives, who inform-
ed us Pomére, who intends to pay us a visit, is not far distant,
and that probably he will be with us to-morrow. The society
me: in the evening, to converse upon the language, which
was done without molestation. ‘The meeting concluded with

Oct. 25th.—The brethren mostly in their apartments, pre-
serving them from the depredations of the surrounding natives.
Heard of Pomére and Edéa’s near approach ; we, therefore,
judged it prudent that two brethren should keepwatch. The
chief and his wife soon arrived, with a large retinue, and pre-
sented the brethren with twenty-fix hogs, a great quantity of
bread-fruit, and cocoa-nuts, &c. of which they set out an allot-
ment for our sisters and young children. After the customary
saiutations, in which they never fail to call over all our names,
we invited them within our dwelling ; and, at Pomére’s request,
fired off the two swivels and some musquets. ‘This is the first
tune of Pomére’s visiting us, since the Ist of May last. He
was at the farthest part of the lesser peninsula, till some time
atrer the Duff took her final departure. Both Pomére and Edéa

| - appeared

from Aug. 4, 1191, to March 31, 1798. 13
appeared very friendly, and we shewed them every mark of re-
spect in our power. ‘The number and noise of the natives being
too great to admit of public service as usual, our prayer-meeting
was deferred, till the evening constrained our noisy visitors to
retire, wlien we held it in peace. After prayer, a consultation,
concerning the things necessary to be given to Pomére, &c.
The chief sleeps under our roof to-night.

Oct, 26th.—The natives flocked about our dwelling in great
numbers very early. “The watch continued; the principal part
of the brethren kept to their apartments. Much noise and con-
fusion around us, from the islanders, who were incessantly en-
gaged in feasting, wrestling, hooting, &c. through the day. In
the evening, when the house was cleared, performed family-
prayer. After worship a present was made to Pomére, who had
retired to brother Puckey’s apartment to receive it. ‘The present
consisted of spades, axes, pick-axes, and other useful implements,
with a number of trinkets, provided for the purpose by our
friends in England. ‘The chief went to rest under our roof,
apparently much pleased with the goods he had received.

Oct. 271th.—Many natives about our house, who take every
opportunity to steal from us. After a troublesome day, when
our noisy visitors were departed, we enjoyed our evening wor-
ship. Brother Lewis preached from 1 Pet. 1. 3. Evening prayer
after preaching; and after that a present, like to the one made
to Pomére last evening, was made to Edéa, in the same manner
and place as the former, with which she seemed equally well
pleased. Pomére and Edéa sleep under our roof, with a few of
their servants.

Oct. 30th.—In the afternoon the chief, with his numerous
train of attendants, left us; some of the revellers still remain.

Nov. 9th.—Some of the brethren, on hearing of various in«
stances of the great barbarity of the natives in murdering their
children, having in a private meeting consulted on some means
of preventing so horrid a practice, did this evening, at a general
assembly of the society, propose the following question: ‘ Will
f¢ it be proper for us, as missionaries to the heathen, to attempt
‘© the abolition of the horrid custom of murdering infants? and
‘‘ if so, what means should be adopted for the accomplishment
‘“* of such an end?’ The question appearing of great import-
ance, and the evening being too far advanced for a discussion of
it, it was moved, ‘ ‘hat a meeting be held the ensuing morn-
‘‘ ing, at five o’clock, at which time we should be free from
‘* the interruption of the natives, as well as be under no neces-

} “* sity

Lt Otahertean Journals,
‘¢ sity of concealing Otaheitean names, which might occur in
‘‘ the debate.”’ Agreed.

Nov. \0th.—At the appointed time the society met; and,
after prayer, a president was chosen, who requested the brethren,
who were the occasion of the present meeting, to lay before the
society the subject for consideration. ‘The question proposed
last evening was repeated (*¢ Will it be proper, &c.’’) To the
first part of the query, “ Will it be proper for us, &c.”” it was
answered by some, ‘hey could see no impropriety in it, pro-
vided it could be done without endangering ourselves, and the
cause we are engaged in; but the latter part of the query, re-
specting the means for the accomplishment of such an end, pro-
bably the querists could answer best. ‘The brethren who called
the meeting proposed ; Ist. ‘Phat as the principal persons in the
island held us in esteem, we should make use of our interest
with them, and request their exertion, for the abolition: of a
custom which would depopulate their island; and if they should
consent to the same, it would be well. 2d. If the chiefs would
not agree to our proposals, we would use every means in our
power for the suppression of such barbarities 7 our own district.
"Fhese propositions met with much opposition from many of the
brethren; and after many arguments on both sides, the meeting
was adjourned till the following morning, at five o’clock.

Nov. 11th.—The brethren met at five o’clock. After prayer,
chose a president, and the subject of last morning’s meeting was
resumed. Many arguments were brought, which shewed their
attempt would fail without doubt, as it respected the first pro-
position ; because the chiefs were the prumaters of infant mury
der. And the second proposition was proved to be wholly in-
consistent with the characters we sustained, it not being our
duty to exercise the least civil authority over the natives, nor
even to inflict any corporal punishment on persons who “might
be taken in the act of stealing from us. It was therefore con-
cluded our duty in this matter to be simply this , ‘lo inform the
chiefs, when they were assembled, the object of our mission,
and point out to them the dreadful consequences of murdering
their offspring ; and, as a farther inducement, should any of
the Aréeoie society be prevailed on to save their children, and
put them under our care, we would instruct them in our arts,
which would make them far superior to their neighbours around
them, and more useful members of society. These sentiments
being generally acceded to, the meeting closed.

Nov. 17th.—After evening-prayer, brother Oakes informed
the society, it had been much upon his mind, What would be


from Aug. 4, 11971, to March 31, 17198. 15
the consequence of an hostile attack upon us from the na-
tives: though he did not apprehend any thing of the kind at
present, yet, as he knew there was a difference of sentiment in
the society, respecting self-defence, he desired to know, how the
society would proceed, should such an attack be made? He
likewise brought forward an enquiry, If any brother should find
himself disposed to marry one of the native women, would it be
thought by the society an improper act? It was moved, That a
meeting be held to-morrow afternoon, to give these things a
paruicular consideration. |

Nov. 18th.—Assembled according to last evening’s appoint-
ment. Opened the meeting with prayer. A president being
chosen, brother Oakes was called upon to state his first enquiry;
which he did as follows: ‘* I should be glad to know how the
‘‘ society intend to proceed, should an attack be made upon us
‘‘ by the natives?”? This question brought on a long debate, in
which the brethren being disagreed, it was judged prudent to
adjourn the contideration of the subject till the following Monday.
Clesed with prayer.

Nov. 20th.—Brother Main’s house being finished, he is gone

to it to reside. In the afternoon the society assembled; and,
(he same order being observed as on Saturday, brother Oakes’s
enquiry was resumed; namely, What we intended to do in case
of an attack? It was answered, Our having the musquets on
shore, was professedly with no other design than to intimidate
the natives, and to intimidate only, without ever firing upon,
or injuring them; and if an attack was permitted to be made,
Query, Would it not be our duty to give up ourselves, and all
we possess, to the enemy? This query met with great objec-
tions, in consideration of the insults our sisters would probably
meet with from such characters as the Otaheiteans are known
to be. It was answered, by a brother, Were it not for the
feelings he possessed for the women, and the children, he should
not hesitate a single moment concerning his duty in the matter.
It being therefore deemed necessary, that we should stand upon
our defence, in the case of an hostile attack upon us by the na-
jtives, it was proposed, That our dwelling be barricaded all
round, that if an attack should ever be made, opportunity may
be given for a parley ; but no one, on any account whatever, to
go without the boundary, on pain of being charged with blood-
guiltiness, if any native should be shot. ‘This was agreed to,
and the meeting closed. ,

In the evening the society again met, and order being ob-
served, brother Oakes’s second enquiry was brought forward:
viz. “ If any brother should find himself disposed to marry one of

‘¢ the

16 Otahertean Journals,

‘«< the native women, would it be thought by the society an ime
‘“ proper act!’ Reference was had to the word of God, by which
it was proved to be an unlawful action for any brother to marry
a native woman in her present state; an idolatress. It was re-
phed, It ought to be considered, that if a native was not taken
in her present condition, there was no alternative, but to remain
single, and exposed to all the dreadful temptations with which
we were surrounded. To this it was answered, God changes
not his mode of government for the accommodation of his crea-
tures, and whatever he calls us to we ought to look to
him for strength to endure. It was then requested, for the bre-
thren to express their sentiments individually, and in order, upon
the subject. This was agreed to, and beginning alphabetically,
each hrother acknowledged, ‘That to marry an heathen woman
was directly contrary to the word of God, and resolved, im
the Lord’s strength, to abide as they were. Concluded with

Nov. 271th.—This morning, brothers Bicknell and Lewis went
with Peter the Swede, to his place of residence, in the part of
Atahooroo district called Otamaro ; brother Bieknell for change
of air, having been indisposed for some time; brother Lewis to
accompany him, and to endeavour to obcain from an old priest,
the father of the woman with whom Peter cohabits; some his-
toric account of the origin of the Oraheiteans.

Dec. 2d.—This day brothers Lewis and Bicknell returned.
Brother Bicknell mended in his health. Brother Lewis met with
but poor success, in his endeavours to learn something of the
origin of the Otaheiteans. Nothing certain can be gathered
from any account he hath received.

Dec. 4th. —Early in the morning, a few natives from Opare
gave us itimation, that Pomére, with a large company of his
attendants, were on their passage to Matavai. About ten o’clock,
a number of canoes were seen in the bay; as they advanced we
heard their musick playing, which consisted‘of drums and nasal
flutes; while a number of actors, at the head of the canoes,
presented the spectators with an expedition of the most disagree-
able distortions of face and limbs. Upon enquiry, we under-
stood the actors were Aréeoies, who in general attend the chief
in his travels. The canoes passed the west side of our house,
and turned point Venus, directing their course for Matavai river,
which they entered. When they came opposite the east side of
cur dwelling, they drew up ina line, and were joined by some
friests and public speakers. ‘The greater part of the assembly
were dressed in English clothes, and had each a spear, from
twelve to fifteen feet in length. In a little time after the arrange-


from dug. 4, 1191, to March 31, 1798. 17
mierit of the canoes; Pomére, and a train of his attendants,
arrived at our dwelling, and presented us with some hogs, and
a large quantity of bread-fruit. The usual salutations being mu-
tually exchanged between thé society and chief, each party con-
fronted the Aréeoies, Priests, &c. and the orators began an ura-
tion, succeeding one ariother to the number of three or four:
they addressed Pomére and the Society alternately ; and, at the
end of each address, presented to the party-a young pig, anda
plaintain leaf. ‘The subject matter of the speeches we uriderstood
not, but we have reason to think, it was a kind of congratulation,
upon Pomére and the Society being united in the bonds of fi1end-
ship. Directly after the orations were finished, the general re-
quest was to fire off some musquets ; upon much solicitation
their request was complied with. ‘The muskets being discharged,
great numbers of the natives dispersed very quietly; the rémain-=
ing multitude made it necessary to keep watch. We had much
interruption the remaining part of the day, which prevented us
holding our Monday’s exercise for speaking. Concluded the
very noisy day with prayer in quietness.

Dec. 5th.—The natives visited us very éarly; At half past
nine, held our monthly prayer-meeting. ‘The iricessant noise of
the people around us, rendered it impracticable to pursue any
duty of great importance. Concluded another day of bustle
with prayer.

Dec. 6th.—Pomére took his leave of us in the afternoon; to
go to Opare.

Dec. 19th.—The society wete informed, the Towréo4, or
great feast, would conimence very shortly at the Nanu, at which
all the chiefs in the island would be assembled. It was then
proposed, That a meeting be held at ten o’clock, to reconsider
the resolution formed by the society, on November 11th, and
which is contained in the two last propositions there inserted. —
Agreed, At ten o’clock the society met according to dppoint-
ment. ‘The first subject for consideration was, The best mea-
sures to be adopted, in order to inform the chiefs universally of
our intentions in settling upon their island, &c. mentioned in the
last proposition of Nov. 11th. It was argued, should we ema
brace the ensuing opportunity at their great feast, we should
have an assemblage, not only of the chiefs of this; and the
smaller peninsula, but a principal part of the natives also, with
great numbers from different islands in the society group ; by
which means, instead of confining ourselves to a comparative
few in this island, we might probably lay a foundation for use-
fulness to others. It was therefore proposed, That the com4
mencement of the aboye-mentigned meeting, be the time deter-

yOu. I, D mined

18 Otaheitean Journals,
mined on by the society for communicating these our inten-
tions. —Agreed.

In the delivery of our message to them, it was thought proper
to make use of every argument which appeared likely to affect
them, without any regard to advantage om our part; such as
from a knowledge of their esteem for us as a set of useful men,
&c. It was thought proper, should they reject our advice, to
tell them, we could not, consistent with our religron, be friends
to them, or supply their wants; and that im a short time our
God would call us to another island, &c. But, on the other
hand, should they attend to what we should then advance, to
inform them, they would see far greater proofs of our useful-
uess, than they had hitherte done, particularly m those things
they most esteemed. And, in order to add strength to our pe-
tition, a promise should be made to Pemére, of repairing the
lock of a musquet he left with us on Dec. 6th, should he favour
our request. It was then agreed, that six brethren be delegated
by the society, to lay before the islanders, at the ensuing feast,
the purport of our meeting, with other things that may appear
necessary ; and that each delegate draw up a kind of syllabus, of
what he should think most proper to be said upon the occasion,
and lay it before the society for inspection.

Dec. 2\st.—In the evening held our experience-meeting.
After prayer, the syllabuses, agreeable to the resolution of Tues-
day, were read, and the following made choice of: First, To
inform Pomeére, the chiefs and people, the object of our mission
to this island. Secondly, If they hearken to our counsel, to as-
sure them, they will, in all probability, be greatly benefited,
not only as a nation, by the arts we shall teach them, but more
cspecially in the concerns of their immortal souls, by having the
word of Jehovah, the living God, declared unto them. Thirdly,
That in those countries, where the word of Jehovah is known,
the worship of idols, and the offering of human sacrifices, are
utterly abolished ; and the perpetrators of the horrid crimes of
sodomy and murder, punished with death. Fourthly, ‘To advise
them to adopt the custom of those countries, and earnestly to
entreat the chiefs to use their utmost endcavours to puta stop to
the inhuman custom of mfant-killmg, which is so great an evil
in the sight of God ; and also tends, not only to the depopulating
of the island, but to the extirpating of their race. Fifthly, To

further the design of saving the infants, to promise to build an
house for the reception of such children as may be saved by the
Aréeotes, and to instruct them in building vessels, and other arts,
which will give them a superiority over the neighbouring islands.
Sixthly, ‘l’o promise Pomére, if he will use his utmost power to
fulfil his word to us on a former occasion, in putting a stop to

from Aug. 4, 1991, to March 31, 1798. 19
the horrid practice of killing infants, we will render him, and
the island, all the services in our power; and, among other
things, repair the lock of a gun he is so urgent to have immedi-
ately done; but, if he refuses to comply with our request, we
must return the aforesaid lock unrepaired.

Dec. 22d.—The brother who was servitor for the week, in-
formed the society, that our stock of hogs was wholly expend-
ed. It was deliberated upon the best methods of a future supply,
and agreed, That each brother should receive, at the beginning
of the week preceding his servitorship, one tée and two shark-
hooks, with which he should purchase a sufhciency of meat for
four days in the week, and that the brethren go a fishing in ro-
tation, for the supply of the other three; and in case of non-
success, the society should live on bread-fruit, &c. those days.

Sunday, Dec. 24th.—Began the day with a_ prayer-
meeting. At half past ten, brother Cover preached from Heb.
xii, 14. Mannemanne arrived from Opare, and privately in-
formed the brethren Pomére had killed a man for a sacrifice,
contrary to his promise, but upon Mannemanne’s refusing to
offer him to his god he had buried him. ‘The reason of this
horrid piece of superstition, is said to be as follows: Pomére
dreamed in the night his god came to him, and told him he must
sacrifice a man to him, or he should be angry. In obedience
to this he arose, and laid hands on the first man he caught
suitable to his purpose, whom he murdered without hesitation.
Evening service by brother Eyre, who preached from 1 John
ii. 8. Pomére arrived at the west end of Mattavai, where he
took up his residence, and sent a man to tell us to beware of the
thieves inthe night. We returned an answer, expressive of our
thanks to him for the caution, Kept a double watch through
the whole of the night. Closed the evening with prayer.

Dec. 25th.—After prayer, brothers Broomhall and Harris
went to Pomére, who had sent to the brethren for one to go
and dress his eyes, which were sore through drinking Yavva,
and much inflamed. Otoo and attendants visited us to-day ;
also very many of Pomére and Mannemanne’s people, which
occasioned us to keep a watch through the day,

A short time since, as a number of our little boys were ga-
thering bread-fruit, one of them fell from a tree, and broke his
left arm, which was immediately set by brother Clode ; and re-
mained in good order during five days, but the boy being wild
and inattentive, broke it again; brother Clode attempted to re-
set it, the lad remained in agony several hours, when his father
came and insisted on taking him home, saying, ‘ he would take

D2 ‘+ him

20 Otaheitean Journals,
‘© him to a native doctor, and pray to the Eafooa, and he would
‘© soon recover.”?’ We all endeavoured to persuade him to let
him stay, but in vain. Brothers Puckey and Smith went the
next morning to the place, (which was several miles off) to sce
him, when they found that he died the night before; having
been placed in a cold running water, while in a very high fever,
he expired immediately. The father confessed with tears, his
error in taking him from our house, and was lamenting him
greatly ; and had lost a large quantity of blood by cutting him-
self with a shark’s tooth, which he carefully caught on a piece
of white cloth, and laid it down by the deceased ; who was de-
corated with flowers, and a garland round his head. A number
of spectators came, who, as usual, stood gazing at our brethren,
and admiring their clothes ; when they endeavoured to tell them,
‘© that they would all be one day as dead as the body before them ;
‘¢ and that their souls must appear before owr Katooa ; that there
‘* is a place of happiness for the gond, and a place of imusery for
‘¢ the wicked,” their lightness soon ceased, and a solemnity
appeared on every countenance. Brother Puckey promised to
make a coffin for the child, which was carried the next day by
four little boys, and several of the brethren followed. ‘This
being the first coffin ever made at Otaheite, they were sur-
rounded by crowds of natives, who admired the construction of
it; and said, ** jt would make a fine chest to put clothes in.”’
A long ceremany was performed by the father over the deceased,
which appeared to consist principally of an oration on the pros-~
pect of his future usefulness had he lived ; after this, the father,
mother, and relatives of the deceased, would have cut them-
selves on the head, &c. with a shark’s tooth, but our brethren
prevailed on them to desist. a
Sunday, Dec. 3\st.—Brother Cock attended the services of the
day. ‘Thus we are brought to the conclusion of another year ; the
principal part of which we have spent among rude and barbarous
heathens ; and, notwithstanding the fears that are inseparable
from our situation, and the danger which surrounds us, hitherto
our God hath not suffered any one to do us any real hurt, nor
has he exercised us with any sickness of consequence, since
we have been on the island.
_ Jan, 2d, 1793.—Monthly prayer-mecting at half past nine.
Jan. 9th.— We are informed the 'Towréoa commences to-
morrow, as all the chiefs and principal people are arrived at the
place of celebration. ‘The following brethren who were ap-
pointed to meet the chiefs assembled at the Nanu, on the busi-
ness of Dec. 19th, and 21st, viz. Brothers Cover, Eyre, Main,
4 / | W. Puckey,

From Aug. 4, 1197, to March 31, 1798. 21
W. Puckey, Smith, and Nott, were desired to be ready on the
morfow, to go to Opare. :

Jan. 10th.—In the evening the six brethren returned from
Opare, and informed us, That after many fruitless attempts to
speak to the people, they were under the necessity of returning,
without accomplishing the business they went upon. The fol-
lowing is brother Kyre’s account of the journey, and the trans-
actions of the day :

‘© About seven o’clock we departed, to meet the chiefs and
<< people assembled at the Nanu, to deliver an address, drawn up
< and agreed to, Dec. 21st. Upon our arrival, we were di-
<¢ rected to the west side of the bay called Towpo, where Pomére,
<¢ and some other chiefs, were abiding. When we came to the
‘¢ place, we were received with the usual salutations from Pomére
‘¢ and others, in a friendly manner. We found the chiefs sur-
* rounded by many people of all descriptions. After waiting
«¢ about a quarter of an hour, a long piece of coarse cloth was
‘¢ brought, and a stone, with leaves bound round it; Pomére
‘¢ then began an oration, (the people around became immedi-
‘< ately silent, and the man, holding the stone bound round with
‘¢ leaves, stood in a sedate posture while the address was deli-
‘‘ vering.) ‘In the address, the names of the several captains,
‘© and vessels, which had touched here, were repeated, and not
“© much more added. ‘The speech being ended, the stone bound
‘«¢ up in leaves was presented to brother Main, then the fore-
‘© mentioned piece of cloth was spread out, and the brethren
‘<¢ directed to join some of the natives in taking hold with one
‘© hand of the corners and sides of the cloth, and to follow bro-
‘<¢ ther Main, who carried the stone, and was conducted to the
<¢ Nanu, which was about a quarter of a mile distant. When
$¢ we arrived there, we all stood holding the cloth, and brother
‘© Main the stone, till a short speech was made; afterwards a
‘‘ hole was dug on the spot, and the stone, and leaves, were
‘¢ deposited therein, which ended the ceremony. In order to
‘¢ expedite the business we were sent upon, we went in search
‘© of Peter the Swede, who had been previously requested to
‘“ meet us at the Nanu. Having met with him, we together
“© returned back to Mannemanne at Nanu-house, and made
‘¢ known our design in coming, to Peter and Mannemanne.
“ We requested them with speed, to desire Pomére to assemble
‘¢ the chiefs and people in that place he should think most

‘¢ proper, for we had a good message to deliver to him and
“‘ them ; to which Perer and Mannemanne agreed. After this,
‘© Mannemanne conducted us to a platform, raised about five
ff feet from the ground, within Nanu-house, which he calied

*¢ his

oe — Otahetiean. Journals,
«¢ his bed-chamber ; telling us, there to continue, till he and
«© Peter returned from Pomére. For this accommodation we
«© were very thankful, as we thereby avoided somewhat of the
“ noise and frantic humours of the people, which were such
<¢ as we never before heard or saw. About one o’clock Man-
<< némanné sent us a small baked pig, with bread-fruit, and
“© cocoa-nuts ; of these we partook. Some time after, Manne-
© manné returned, and informed us, That he thought he should
<< not be able to assemble the chiefs and people this afternoon,
«< as the people were so very noisy and tumultuous; but said,
«© he would do what he could. When we had waited a con-
<< siderable time, we dispatched a brother to go in search of
<< Peter, desiring our brother to be speedy in his return, that
<< we might be all together as much as possible, as we did not
«© know what might occur : for we were informed, the common
¢¢ people did frequently break in upon these who had any pro-
<¢ perty, and plunder them ; for which reason, the natives that
‘¢ have any property, are armed with spears, ready to withstand
‘an attack. In the course of the afternoon, Mannemanne’s
‘© wives, with others of the principal women, marched in pro-
«© cession, within the Nanu-house, several times ; they had
<¢ many yards of coloured cloth bound round their bodies, and
«© which came almost as low as their ancles. The Avécoies
¢* in companies, passing the side of the house often, and were
‘© frequently joined by others, in giving loud huzzas, in their
‘¢ way, which made such a rude, barbarous noise, as is only
** known, perhaps, among gross heathens. Our brother, who
‘¢ went in guest of Peter, soon returned with him. Peter gave
‘© us no satisfactory account, concerning the business we had
‘sent him upon: he informed us the Maré was but lately
“ come from a distant place southward ; and thought, as the
‘6 afternoon was so far advanced, our business could not be
‘« done till a future and more favourable opportunity. Upon
‘¢ being made acquainted, that a similar feast was to be held in
‘© Mataval, at which all the chicfs would be assembled, we
‘* agreed to go to Pomeére, and invite him, and request him to
‘¢ invite the other principal chiefs to our dwelling, when they
‘“* came to perform their feast-rite in Matavai, judging it would
‘* be a much more favourable opportunity than the present to
‘* deliver our address. Accordingly, we went and communi-
‘* cated our wishes to Pomére, who readily consented. After
‘* tarrying awhile, we took our leave of him and others, in the
** customary manner, and hasted towards Matavai.”’
After the above relation, brother Cover informed the society,
that he had met with brother John Cock, at Opare, who had

From Aug. 4, 1191, to March 31, 1798. 23
made application to him, concerning marriage with one of the
native women.

Jan. 23d.—Some of the brethren intimated, they had some-
thing to lay before the society, respecting our dwelling; and
requested, that a meeting might be held for that purpose in the
afternoon.—Agreed. Accordingly the society met ; after prayet
a president was chosen, who desired the brethren that called the
meeting, to state the reason for so doing. The brethren then
informed us, They had been long sensible of the great inconve-
niencies of our present habitation, such as the want of room, and
a freer circulation of air; and the apartments, being level with
the ground, were consequently much exposed to the natives.
The consideration of these inconveniencies, with their attend-
ants, had been the occasion of a determination in their minds to
build a small house, a few yards distant from the large one, at
the north end of the same, and which was intended to have been
two stories high, whereby the above inconveniencies would
have been removed, and they be better able to attend to the
object of the mission ; but from the mroads made by the sea
on the west, and the river on the east, which they had been
witness to in times of the westerly winds, and land floods, the
were sufficiently convinced, that to build upon that narrow neck
of land, would be improper ; and, although they were convinced
of as great impropriety in remaining as they then were, yet they
could by no means think of building any distance from the habi-
tation of the body of missionaries, as that would expose both
themselves and the society to danger ; and as there was no other
alternative should they build at all, they requested the society
to consider, Whether it would not be better for the whole body
of missionaries to build a house upon a more advantageous spot,
and more healthful construction than our present habitation is.
After some conversation upon the subject, in which little oppo-
sition was made, each one being sensible of the propriety of re-
moving, it was unanimously agreed, ‘That a house should be
erected, two storics high, one hundred and thirty-two feet in
Jength, and eighteen feet in breadth ; each room to be ten feet
long, and eightecn fect wide; in the middle, a public dining-
room, twenty-two feet by eighteen, upon the lower floor; and
over that a preaching, and school-room, of the same dimensions ;
That five lower, and five upper rooms, be for the married bre-
thren at one end; and six lower, and six upper rooms, be for
the single brethren at the other: And, that a balcony, about four
feet wide, surround the building upon the upper floor. As much
time had been spent before, in examining the distriet for the most
convenient place to build, the spot now determined upon 1s om
the other side of the river, about eighty yards from our present

O4 Otahetedn Journals,

habitation. After many incidental considerations, it wds ptos
posed, That the meeting be adjourned till the evening, and that
we then take into consideration, The division of time, &c.
Agreed. In the evening, the society met according to appoint-
ment, and after much consideration upon the above-mentioned
subject, it was agreed, ‘J‘hat we each day begin our work at six
o’clock, and continue till half past ten; that the bell be then
rung for public prayer, from the conclusion of which, tll three
o’clock, the time be employed for mental improvement: and
that at three o’clock we renew our labours, which shall continue
till sun-set. Brother William Puckey having begun a boat for
the use of the society, it was agreed, that brothers W. Puckey
and Oakes go on with the same till finished.

Jan. 25th.—In the evening, brother Cock, and Peter the
Swede, called on us. Brother Cock informed the society, he
was just come from Opare, where he had been with Vitua, the
chief of Hapyano, for several days. At our request; he related
the feelings of his mind, the substance of which was, that he
had been for some time in great distress of soul, through various
temptations, and now he requested to know, If brother Cover
may be permitted to marry him to a young native woman,? He
was immediately answered im the negative, and informed, that
the church had already determined such conduct, in any of her
members, to be a departure from the faith. As â„¢ was supposed
that the situation brother Cock had chosen among the natives,
exposed him to great temptation ; and, that however sensible
he might now be of the propriety of the advice, and the warp-
ings that had been given him; yet, as his feelings were such, as
prevented his asking for re-admittance into our house, it was
thought prudent to give him an invitation toreturn, and take his
former place among us. He accepted the invitation, and abode
with us that mght. Peter the Swede asked the society, if the
woman he lived with, and whom he called Mary, might be
baptized, and he married to her? The answer made was in the

Jan. 26th.—Brother Cock requested of the society, that he
might fetch his property from Hapyano, and one or two of the
brethren to go with him. In our manual labours we are
assisted by some few of the natives, who receive presents from
us for their labour.

Jan. 29th.—This morning early, brothers Cock and Puckey,
atcompanicd by Peter, and two natives, set out for Hapyano,
in our flat-bottomed boat, to tetch brother Cock’s property from
thence. In the afternoon they returned, and informed the bre-
thren as follows: ‘* We arrived at Hapyano about seven o’clock

66 in

from Aug: 4,1797, to March 31, 1798. 25
*< in the morning; but, upon our arrival; we found a high sea
‘¢ from the northward, beating in upon the shore. We made the
‘* attempt to land, and seeing a high sea rolling upon us,. we en-
«s deavoured to put the boat in a proper position to meetit; but;
«© before we could accomplish our intention, the boat was com-
‘¢ pleatly upset, and all its contents dislodged. In this situation
“ we were in imminent danger, especially brother Cock; who, by
‘“ the weight of his clothes, was kept much under water. A na-~
‘tive, who came to our assistance, was taken out half dead,
‘¢ though he recovered ina little time. Another native launched
‘sa canoe, and brought us safe to land. When the boat was
‘© hauled on shore, it was found to have received much injury,
‘© insomuch that it must be repaired, before it can be brought
‘“ to Matavai. After spending some time with brother Jefferson,
‘© we set off to return by land.”” Evening prayer at the usual
time, when we praised the Lord for his delivering mercies, be-
stowed upon our two brethren. .

Jan. 3\st.—Early this morning sister Hassel was delivered of
a fine boy. The Lord appeared in his goodness on her behalf,
as the Godall-sufficient. It was brother Harris’s turn to preach
this evening; but he proposed, That a meeting of prayer and
thanksgiving should be held, for the mercies of this day, and
of Monday last. ‘Ihe chief, Teeari, Noe-noce, sent his men
with several rafts of trees, and spars, for our building, from his
district, which is about twenty miles off. _Pomére has also sent
us a great number from Opare: they wait with the utmost so-
licitude to see our house finished, as we have promised then, to
build them a vessel. We have, in some measure, been the
happy means of preventing Pomére from going to war with the

Feb. \st.—Early this morning, Pomére, Otoo, Temaree,
and Mannemanne, with their retinue, arrived at the west end
of Matavai; soon after, Peter the Swede paid us a visit. It was
now thought a favourable opportunity to declare the address,
drawn up Dec. 2Ist, and judged prudent to embrace it. Ac-
cordingly, some of the brethren were dispatched, to invite the
fore-mentioned chiefs to our dwelling. On their return, they
informed the society, the chiefs had engaged to come in the af-
ternoon. About five o’clock our visitors came according to
their promise, and after the usual salutations on both sides; we
informed them, it was our desire to make known to them those
things we had given them intimations of on a former occasion.
They immediately assembled on the east side of our house; and
Peter was desired to read the translation he had madé of the
above address ; but finding himself very deficient as a reader, he

VOL. §. E- Case

26 Otaheitean Journals,
cast aside the paper, and translated from the mouth of brother
Cover. There appeared much attention among the natives ;
and, at the conclusion, the chiefs expressed themselves as
pleased, and promised us, that thenceforth no more children
should be destroyed. On the other hand, they were told by
us, that it was our business and pleasure to do them all the good
that lay in our power, and that a fulfilment of the promise they
had now made, would not only endear them to us, but likewise
to all the good people in England. After this the assembly
broke up, and we taking leave of the chiefs, they peaceably dis-
Feb. 7ith.—Pomére and Mannemanne sent to the society, for
some of the brethren to go to the Nanu to receive a pair of
canoes, and a quantity of cloth, &c. as a present. Brothers
Lewis and Harris were nominated by the society to go and re-
ceive the present; they returned in the afternoon, having re-
-ceived the cloth, but the canoes were left. The following sad
disaster took place this day :
In the afternoon several of the brethren went to the south-
west end of Matavai, in order to roll some trees into the sea,
that were cut down a few days before; some natives accompa-
nied them, who were to bring home the trees by water, the
only method of conveying them with ease. Ubon their arrival
at the place, they found a heavy surf beating in upon the shore,
but not apprehensive of danger, they began their work. After
much trouble in getting a large tree down to the beach, as they
were rolling the same into the sea, a heavy surf broke in upon
them: all that were rolling it, except brother Hodges, sprang
back, and by so doing, escaped unhurt; but brother Hodges,
keeping his hold of the tree, was with it, by the violence of
the sea forced backwards, when, by a sudden cant of the tree,
he was thrown upon his back, and it rolled upon his thighs ; in
which situation the sea left it. “Che brethren immediately went
to his assistance, and with all expedition removed the tree from
off him, when they found his right leg broken. With feelings
that cannot be expressed, he was Jaid on a broad board, which
was upon the spot, and in a small timber carriage was drawn
over the sand. In the mean time a person was dispatched to
prepare, in some prudent manner, the mind of his wife, for the
reception of a spectacle of distress so affecting, in which she
had so much interest. Probably, the intention was accomplished,
for on his arrival home, sister Hodges appeared to bear it with
much resignation to the will of God. Upon examination of
the leg, it was found to be a simple oblique fracture of the tibia.
The leg was not much swelled, nor any otherwise bruised.
After such applications as our stores afforded, it was set without
4 | much

From Aug. 4, 1797, to March 31, 1798. 27
much pain, and he placed in his bed with as much care as pos-
sible. Prayer was made to God on his behalf.

Feb. \0th.—Brother Hodges restless the past night. In the
conrse of the day he complained of pain about the ligatures,
which he said, arose from too tight lacing, and requested, that
the ligatures might be taken off. His request was complied
with ; when oper, finding the bone much out of place, it was
judged prudent to break and reset it.

Feb. 15th.—From the restlessness of brother Hodges, his
pain, and the symptoms of his leg, a mortification is feared.
Prayer in the evening at the usual time; made the case of bro-
ther Hodges the subject of our supplications at the Throne of
Grace. |

Feb. 1'1th.—Some of our members considered it their duty to
speak to brother Hodges, upon the probability of his being upon
the brink of the grave: they discharged their consciences in this
particular, for which he thanked them.

Sunday, Feb. 18th.—Morning prayer-meeting at the usual
time. Forenoon preaching by brother Harris, from Heb. xu. 24,
The discourse ended, he baptized brother Hassel’s child, who
was named Jonathan. ‘This is the second child that hath been
received into the visible church of Christ on Oraheite.

Feb, 27th.—This afternoon it was thought proper to examine
brother Hodges’s leg ; upon removing the bandage, it was found,
that instead of the bone being united, the ends of the fracture
lapt over each other, so far, as to reduce the leg two inches
shorter than the other. On various parts there appeared eschare,
most of which were not less than a quarter of an inch deep, and
in one or two places where the ligature had been bound too
tight, there were sores. Every one felt considerably for brother
Hodges, under his distress; and whilst a lively sense of his af-
flictions, put us upon prayer to God, to support him in the
same, and in due time give him deliverance from them; they
served to shew us, our safety is only of the Lord, and that it
is of his mercy alone, that we are exempted from greater, both
in body and mind. .

March 6th.—About seven in the morning, a cry of a vessel
being in sight to the eastward, was echoed among the natives:
About eight o’clock she was seen by some of the brethren, who
went for that purpose down to the point. A visitation by, a
vessel so unexpectedly, and so speedily atter the departure of tne
Duff, together with the singularity of its being the same day
twelvemonth upon which the Duff first anchored in Maitavai-

E 2 bay,

28 Otahettean Journals, |
bay, laid a foundation for manv conjectures. Af¥er breakfast
the society met, in order to nominate the persons who should
go on board, to gain all necessary information, respecting the
vessel, and her object in touching at this place. Brothers Cock,
W. Puckcy, and Smith, were the persons appointed. As the
vessel approached the mouth of the harbour, with her-colours
up, we hoisted our Enelish jack ; she hove-to at the entrance,
and seemed to wait the arrival of some one on board. ‘The
delegated brethren then went off in a pair of canoes. After the
vessel’s making a few tacks in the bay, she let go her anchor
about a mile and a half from the shore. About five o’clock the
brethren returned on shore, accompanied by brother Jefferson,
who, from Hapyano, boarded the ship a few minutes after bro-
thers Cock, &c. did. They informed the society, the vessel’s
name was Nautilus belonging to Macao, im the bay of Bengal,
commanded by Messrs. Bishop the captain, and Simpson the
supercargo ; that she was originally bound to the north-west
coast of America, on the fur trade, but meeting with a tremen-
dous gale of wind in high latitude, was driven, almost a wreck,
to seek shelter in Kamskatcha, on the south-east of Asia. In-
capable of pursuing her voyage, as intended, she quitted Kams-
katcha, with a design to seek seal skins on the island of Masue-
fero, near Juan Fernandez, on the coast gf South America. Fn
prosecuting her intention, she touched at the Sandwich islands
for refreshments, and at her departure therefrom, brought away
two Englishmen, as an addition to the ship’s crew, and five
men and two women, natives, who weie purposed to be left
on Masuefero, for peopling that island. Qn. their way, It was
their design to have made the Marquesas, but were defeated in
their intentions, by the set of the current, or foulness of the
wind, which compelled them to shape their course for Otaheite.
In their passage to this place, they discovered two islands, sup-
posed to be unknown before. Moreover, the brethten further
informed the society, that finding the vessel in great distress, and
destitute of most of the necessaries of life, and that the captains
had little else to barter with, but muskets and ammunition, (the
very things the Otaheiceans wanted, but the very things the
brethren upon reflecting, what might probably be the conse-
quence of their getting them into their hands, thaught most im-
proper for them) brother Jefferson, with the consent of the three
rethren, proposed to Messrs. Bishop and Simpson, their wants
should be supplied, as far as possible, by the Society of Mission-
aries on the island, on condition they kept their muskets and
ammunition from the hands of the natives. This proposal met
with the approbation of the commanders, and was readily ace
geded to by them. : —
: The

from Aug. 4, 1797, to March $1, 1198. 29

The state of the vessel, as thus described, kindled compassion
in every breaft. “The proposal of the brethren to the captains
was much approved of by the society, and brothers Cover,
Lewis, Jefferson, and Harris, were immediately sent on boerd
again, to entreat the captains, on no account whatever, to let
musquets and ammunition go out of their hands, as it would
render our situation very perilous, particularly with respect to
the women and children; and, as was declared before, every
assistance in our power should be rendered them, both as to
watering, and also to victualling the ship. Great numbers of
people went on board, when she anchored, among whom was
Pomére, who shewed expressions of contempt in his counte-
nance, at the apparent poverty of the ship, and the distresses of
the people, Much confusion and noise with the people through-
out the day. Morning and evening prayers as usual.

March 1th.—Brother Harris went on board to cooper the
water cafks; found them very bad, by which the ship’s crew
have suffered for want of water. Trimmed some casks on the
shore belonging to the society, that would contain about two
hundred and sixty gallons, in the lieu of some that could not be
madetight through the rottenness of the timber. Others of the
brethren assisting in watering the ship, &c. Those on shore
caflecing supplies, which is done chiefly by those persons who
call themselves our frienas, who bring large quantities of bread-
fruit, cocoa-nuts, plantains, and also a few hogs. Heard that
the five natives of the Sandwich Islands made their escape from
thé ship last night. The vessel being but ill manned, and those
eloped natives knowing something ot the sea (especially one or
two, who have been two or three voyages to distant parts), the
captains declared, their intentions were, not to sail without
them, and requested the exertions of the society for their reco-
very; at the same time informing us, that should they be left
upon the island, we might expect much mischief from them, as
their supcrior knowledge made them capable of stilling evil
into the minds of the Otaheiteans. Some of the natives, be.
jonging to our settlement, were sent as soon as possible in quest
of them. Pomére, ldéa, and Otoo are at Opare, they neither
yisit us nor the ship, nor send any food to the vessel. ‘Cowards
evening, the people who went in search of. the deserters re-
turned with one of them. He is a short man, well-made, and
has lost three front teeth in his upper jaw, which were broken
out at Owhyee, upon the death of three several chiefs belonging
to that island, as a token of respect; the four absent men, and
the two women on board, are disfigured in like manner. Put
the man under security, till an opportunity offers of sending
him on board.


30 Otaheitean Journals,

March 8th.—We were informed, the four remaining desert-
ers had taken shelter with the king, who refused to give them
up; and, moreover, that he was angry with the men who took
their fellow yesterday. Brothers Harris and Jefferson, and Peter
the Swede, went on board with the Owhyee man taken yester-
day, and informed the captains of the above, who secmed un-
willing to go without the men, and requested the society to in-
form Otoo, that if he would send the men on board they weuld
give him two muskets in return. Some persons were sent off
to inform Otoo of this. In the afternoon one of the brethren,
being upon a visit to the sick of the district, he was met by Po-
mére’s sister (the queen’s mother) and party: She enquired,
whether the society was angry or not; saying she had been
told that we were, and that it was our intention to bind her
brother and Otoo. The brother replied, we could not help
being angry at their keeping the people belonging to our coun-
trymen’s ship; but to say we were going to revenge their in-
jury, and bind Pomére, &c. was false, we designed no such
thing. We hear Otco promises to send the men on board.
We have collected for the ship, cocoa-nuts, bread-fruit, and
about twenty hogs. When the brethren came on shore, they
informed the society, it was the intention of captains Bishop
and Simpson, to sail on the morrow, hang a sufficient stock
for their intended voyage: ‘That they expressed themselves in a
very grateful manner, for their receiving such unlooked for sup-
plies, where least expected: ‘That they offered tc make any re-
turn within the compass of their ability, and tnat they should
not be satisfied without something was received. ‘The society
having consulted what answer to give the captains, it was
unanimously agreed, that a note should be drawn up and sent
to them, to this effect: ‘* That what the society had done, was
‘* not from any pecuniary view; that they neither had wished
‘<< for, nor should have asked for a return, but as they (Messrs.
‘¢ Bishop and Simpson) had declared they should not be satis-
«« fied, unless an acknowledgment was received, the society
‘‘ requested a musquet or two, with a little ammunition, if 1t
‘* could be conveniently spared.”

March 9th.—Heard the Owhyee man, taken on board the
Nautilus yesterday, has made his escape the second time. Some
of the brethren went on board with a few articles, and the note
drawn up the last evening. Otoo has not fulfilled his promise
by sending the men on board, and refuses to send them at all,
without a musquet for each man, which the captains are un-
willing to give. In the afternoon our brethren returned on
shore with the following note, and articles, as mentioned in it:

“ To

: From Aug. 4, V'197, to March 31, 1798. 34
“ To the society of British residents on the is!and
‘“ of Otaheite.
‘© Gentlemen,
‘© We are favoured with your note,
‘‘ and pleased with your attention. We are also desirous of
‘¢ returning, at least as far as lies in our power, the kindnesses
‘© we have received. We therefore beg your acceptance of
‘‘ three musquets and bayonets, ten jars of powder, twenty
«« pounds of ball, five cutlasses, and fifty flints.
‘ We are, Gentlemen,
‘¢ Your much obliged servants,

With the above-mentioned articles were sent a quantity of
spices, and six red boxes. Brothers Clode, Cock, Main, and
Wm. Puckey, purchased a musquet each for themselves. Bro-
thers Cover, Lewis, and Henry, purchased two jars of powder,
and two or three red boxes. Otoo not sending the Owhyee
people, the captains took three Otaheiteans who were desirous
of going. ‘The captains informed the society that early on the
ensuing day they should depart. Many of the brethren in the
afternoon went on board to take leave of our countrymen, and
then returned on shore, except brother Harris, who remained
on board with the captains, with a view of taking a lunar obser-
vation in the morning.

March 10th. —Brothers Cock and W. Puckey went on board
with a few plantain stocks for the hogs. The vessel kept plying
off and on till three or four o’clock in the afternoon, when bro-
thers Cock, W. Puckey, and Harris, came on shore, and the
vessel stood away to the north-east. Our brethren brought with
them an ensign for the society’s use.

Sunday, Afarch 1\th.—Heard by some of the natives Otoo
is angry with the society, for what cause 1s not known.

Mareéh 22d.—The great people of the island remain at Opare:
their absence makes us very uneasy.

March 23\.—The cry of a ship being in sight was given by
the natives. Some of the brethren going to the point, by the
help of a glass discovered a vessel in the north-west quarter.
‘Towards noon perceived the vessel in sight was the Nautilus.
Alarmed at her sudden appearance when we expected she was
a considerable way on her passage to Masuefero, a meeting
was called, and various conjectures formed upon the occasion:


32 Otahettean Journals,

in the end it was determined, that brothers Jefferson, Cock, and
Wm. Puckey, should go on board, and know the cause of her
revisiting Otaheite. After they were on board, the vessel then
in the bay, but not at an anchor, the wind shifted from the east
to the northward, and having some appearance of blowing hard,
and being afraid to anchor upon a lec-shore in the shattered state
of the vessel, and bad anchor-tackle, the captains judged it pru-
dent to keep out to sea all night. Brothers Jefferson and Cock
remained on board, but W. Puckey returned on shore, and with
the above informed the society, the Nautilus had been among
the Society Islands, and that she had met with a violent gale of
wind from the westward of Huaheine, which had continued
eighty-four hours, by which gale they had increased the damages
formerly done to the ship, insomuch that they were again obliged
to alter their plan of proceeding, and instead of going to Masue-
fero, their object now was to withdraw to Port Jackson, in
New SouthWales, there to repair the injuries they had sustained
by repeated cross-providences; and from Port Jackson to
proceed upon their fore-intended voyage to Masuefero. To
effect this design, they needed a fresh supply of hogs and

The heads of the land continue in Opare.

March 24th.—¥arly this morning the Nautilus was seen a
great distance to the eastward. About noon she entered the
bay, and after making a few tacks for the advantage of good
anchorage, she came-to something nearer the shore than the
former time. Brothers Jefferson and Cock relanded. After
dinner the society met to consult upon the measures to be adopted
for the securing of hogs for the supply of the ship, as all ours
were nearly expended. It was concluded, that each brother
should procure one hog either by favour or purchase. In the
afternoon some of the brethren went inland to purchase their
quota, but the natives either said they bclonged to Pomére, or
advanced the prices enormously ; so that they were obliged to
return without accomplishing the object of their journey. From
the consideration of this circumstance, together with Pomére,
&c. not visiting us, or the vessel, it was concluded that a pro-
hibition had been laid upon the people from parting with any

Sunday, March 25th.—Two sailors having come on shore
during the might with the Nautilus’s boat which they had co-
vered with boughs of trees, and were gone to secrete them- ”
selves, a letter was received from the captains, expressing thet
determination to recover them, lect the cost be what it would;
and requesting the socicty’s assistance to effect it. By the help

From dug. 4, 1797, to March 31, 1798. 93
of some of the society, the ship’s boat was brought to ouf house
in the afternoon.

March 26th.—The society took into consideration, what are

the most prudent measures for us to adopt to recover the two
deserters from the Nautilus, as also the people of the Sand-
wich Islands, who had escaped from the said vessel, and de~
termined, ¢hat a formal request should be made of the above
persons from Otoo, Pomére, and Temaree, the three great
chiefs who were together at Opare, and where, we understood,
the seamen and Sandwich islanders were. Lf the chiefs, on
a proper statement of the matter to them, of their desertion
From the ship, and the captain’s determination to regain thems;
should refuse to give them up, tt should be considered as their
having an evil intention against the missionaries. In that
case, as the district of Matavat had been in a manner pur-
chased and made over by Pomére to the society in the pre-
sence of captain Wilson, the society should forbid the entrance
of any of the inhabitants of any other district over the boun-
daries of the district of Matavar, without the permission of the
society, Ke. Ke.

To make this resolution known to the chiefs, four of the
society were appointed, viz. J. Jefferson, EK. Main, B. Broomhall,
and W. Puckey.

The following account of the success of the embassy is taken
from brother Jefferson’s private journal.

«© About eleven o’clock in the morning, I, in company with
‘© brothers Main, Broomhall, and \WV. Puckey, and attended by
‘¢ brother Main’s poy brother Broomhall’s boy, and a young
‘¢ man assistant at the house, proceeded for Opare. We had
“ not got far from our dwelling, when we perceived three or
‘¢ four of the king’s servants a-head of us, and who appeared to
“ be making the best of their way to their master before us.
« As some of us thought if the servants should get to Otoo
‘«¢ sooner than we did, they might alarm him with the report of
‘¢ our approach ; and he, thinking we were coming upon some
‘«< hostile design, (though we were unarmed) might secrete him-
‘© self so that we should not be able to sec him; and conse-
‘¢ quently, the object of our jcurney disappointed; brothers
‘< Broomhall and W. Puckey therefore, ran and overtook the
‘“* servants, and by conversation kept them from oing on before
‘us. On our way we were informed of the different Situations
‘‘ of the chiefs. We passed on without the smallest opposition
“or appearance of evil against us from the people, though
«¢ brother Main received an information which feemed to indi-

VOL. I. F ** cate

3 f Otaheitean Journals, :
<< cate something was intended against us, but what, we could
‘¢ not understand, and therefore disregarded it. About one
‘© o’clock we arrived at Temaree’s house, who is brother Main’s
“° towwa, or friend. As we did not think it proper to commu-
‘‘ nicate the purport of our journey to him without the pre-
«¢ sence of the other two chiefs, we requested him to go with
‘< us to the king’s house, to which he consented, and followed
‘© in the way. About a quarter of an hour after, we reached
‘¢ Otoo’s habitation. We found him seated amidst a number of
‘‘ his attendants, among whom were some of the Sandwich
‘¢ islanders, employing himself in cleaning a small-tooth comb.
‘¢ He received us with the usual salutation of friendship, and
«© asked the occasion of our visit. As ‘Temaree had not followed
<¢ us into Otoo’s dwelling, and as Pomére was at some distance,
‘¢ we forbore acquainting him till his father (whom I had sent
«< for by a man I saw and knew, a few minutes before we got
‘* to the king’s house) should arrive. After abiding with Otoo
* near twenty minutes (during which time the young king eyed
‘us, I thought, with a particularly gloomy aspect, and without
‘¢ saying much) I conceived in my mind the fnessenger I had
*« sent for Poinére might be dilatory, and our time unnecessarily
‘* prolonged. I therefore proposed to my three associates, that
«© we should ourselves proceeed to Poméie, (who was near two
‘ miles off) and entreat him to meet his son and ‘Temaree, that
‘© we might unfold our business to them together. ‘To this the
‘© three brethren consented ; and we took our leave of the king
“ for a short time with as little suspicion of evil as we had en-
« tered his dwelling. A few yards from the king’s house we
‘“ met ‘lemaree, who on being questioned—why he did not
“ follow us into the king’s apartment ?—alledged for an excuse
«he could not enter into the king’s dwelling in his present
“ dress—which was no more than a piece of cqmmon cloth
‘¢ round his loins. We were satisfied with the answer, and, in-
“ forming him where we were going, took a friendly leave of
¢ him.”
‘© We passed many natives, who saluted us with their usual
‘ freedoin, and tokens of amity, and continued our course
‘¢ without apprehensions of danger. We were got about three
‘« guarters of a mile from Otoo’s house, near to the cdge of a
‘‘ small river we had to ford, accompanied by about thirty
‘“‘ natives. As this had been the case in former journies, we
‘* took no notice of it, till suddenly three or four of the natives
«¢ Jaid hold on brother Broomhall’s coat, (which he had taken
‘* off, and was carrying under his arm) and began to wrest it
‘¢ from him. I went to his assistance, and enquired the cause
“ of their so doing. ‘Turning my head round, I saw brother
4 W. Puckey

Srom Aug. 4, 1197, to March 31, 17198. 35
‘¢ W. Puckey upon the ground, and a number of Otaheiteans ,
‘¢ stripping him with great eagerness. Casting my eyes another
‘¢ way, I perceived brother Main in the hands of the natives,
‘© who were rending his clothes from off his back. At that
‘¢ instant I was seized upon by four or five persons, who began
‘© to pull me violently different ways, contending who should
‘© have my dress; which they would not give me time to un-
‘¢ button, but stripped it off meas they could. In the scuffle
“© they dragged me through the river, but without much hurt
“¢ to my person, though I expected nothing less than death from
‘< their savage brutality. I was no sooner made naked, than a
‘young man, whom I had some knowledge of, presented me
‘© with a piece of cloth to wrap round my waist. My clothes
‘‘ being gone, two or three who had hold of me seemed
‘¢ indetermined what to do with me. One was for taking me
“ towards the mountains, another towards the sea; but [ en-
‘* treated them to take me to Pomére. Many natives who had
‘¢ no hand in stripping me, gathering round, and recollecting
‘‘ me, seemed to feel for my situation, and began to take me
‘¢ out of the hands of those that held me. During a short con-
‘¢ test who should have me, brothers Puckey and Main were
‘* hurried before me naked, except a narrow slip of cloth
“© called a mdrro, which is worn round the loins, and between
‘“¢ the legs, and answers the purpose of breeches. I desired those
‘¢’ who had now the charge of me, to take me, with my brethren,
‘© and conduct us to Pomére: which they consented to do.
‘¢ Having overtaken brother Main, we congratulated each other,
‘‘ and acknowledged the goodness of the Lord in giving us
‘* our lives for a prey thus far. As we passed, escorted by a
‘* few natives, the women of the different houses we approached
‘¢ expressed their compassion for us with many tears. Ina
‘* little time we overtook brother Puckey : after recounting to
‘‘ each other our several sufferings and escapes, we began to
‘¢ express our fears on brother Broomhall’s account, whom we
‘© apprehended had fared worse than any of us; though the per-
** sons who stripped brother Puckey had treated him with much
“ brutality, dragging him into the river by the hair of his head,
‘¢ and making some attempts to drown him. ‘The natives who
“ now accompanied us behaved faithfully, and conducted us to
‘¢ Pomére, whom we found under a shed by the sea-side, with
‘“‘ his wife Edéa, and a few attendants. “They received us with
‘* the utmost humanity ; Edea expressing her compassion with
“‘ tears. Cloth was immediately given us, and we were made
‘* as easy by the promises of protection, and speedy return to
‘* Matavai, as the state of our minds would admit. Our doubts
** respecting brother Broomhall’s safety continuing, we requested
‘* Pomére to send in quest of him, which he directly did. After
| F 2 “ resting

36 — Otaheitean Journals,
‘resting ourselves about en hour, Pomére, Edéa, and we, pro-
‘¢ ceeded on our return towards Matavai.”’ Se
«¢ A little before we came to the place where the natives
‘* stripped us, to our agreeable surprize brother Broomhall joined
‘Sys. The barbarians had more than once threatened to take
‘* his life; but they had not only spared that, but had even spared
¢¢ his shirt, trowsers, and watch: and the king, to whose house
‘¢ he had been taken, procured him his hat again. When we
«© arrived before Otoo’s dwelling, Pomére stopped and called his
<¢ son: he came to him, and some questions were put concerning
‘¢ the treatment we had received, which appeared to us as if
<< Otoo was privy to it: whether it was sa or no, [ cannot posi-
«¢ tively assert. Otoo said but little, though his countenance
<< towards us seemed more favourable than when we had seen
«© him before. On application, some of the articles of which
«© we had been plundered were restored, and a promise given of
<¢ the restoration of the rest. The two sailors belonging to the
«© Nautilus, who had sheltered themselyes woder the protec-
<¢ tion of the king, made their appearance among us: as did also
«6 the Sandwich islanders. ‘Che seamen continued disposed to
«‘ remain on the island: one in pamicular, (Michael Donald)
“said, ‘If they take me on board again, they shall take me on
“* board dead,” Pomeére insisted on Otoo’s delivering them up,
‘* and assured us they should be carried on board the following
“‘ day. As this was the object of our embassy, we declined
“‘ saying any thing upon the subject; but expressed our desire
‘* to return to our brethren at Matavai, who, we conceived,
‘« would be in great anxiety on our account, on their receiving
‘¢ intelligence of what had befallen us. “Fhat our adventure at
‘¢ Opare could not be long unknown at our dwelling we knew,
‘* as brother Broomhall, in the midst of the confusion during
‘¢ the time of the natives stripping us, had presence of mind to
‘¢ dispatch his boy, who kept near him, to Matavai, to acquaint
‘¢ the society with what he saw; and the other servants ab-
‘* sconded with all expedition. ‘Therefore dgsirous to go before
‘« the darkness came on, (it being near sun-set) we requested
‘«¢ Pomeére to let us proceed on our way to Matavai. He con-
‘«< sented ; and to expedite our journey, ordered a double canoe
‘s to be launched to take us by water, it being the nearest way.
‘« Multitudes of natiyes surrounded us during our conversation
«« with the king, &c. who all appeared friendly disposed
‘“< towards us; nor did I hear the smallest intimation of any
‘© intention to hurt our persons, or the persons of any of the
‘* society at Matavai, or to make any attempt to plunder them
‘* of their property; Though brothers Broomhall and Puckey
‘ informed me, that they heard the different parties which
‘¢ plundered

from Aug. 4, 17197, to March 31, 1798. 37
é¢ plundered them, say one to the other, “‘ We have now four of
‘<< them in our possession, and there are only fourteen of them
«6 remaining at Matavai, we will go and take them also.”

‘¢ Pomére and Edéa’s conduct was very humane, and plainly
‘© indicated to me they were not concerned in the treatment we
s had met with. We endeavoured to assure them all we were
‘© not offended, nor harboured any resentment against any one,
‘¢ for their behaviour towards us, and gave the chiefs, Otoo,
‘© Pomére, and Temaree, a friendly invitation to our house.
« About sun-set we embarked, and proceeded. on our way
«‘ home. In crossing Matavai-bay, we boarded the Nautilus,
‘¢ and informed the two captains of the occurrences of the day,
‘© as also of Pomére’s promise to restore the men on the
‘¢ morrow. Between seven and eight in the evening, we landed
at our dwelling, and were gladly welcomed by the society.
«6 We found them under arms, having heard of our dangerous
‘¢ situation at Opare, by brother Broomhall’s boy, only half an
‘¢ hour before; when, fearing the consequence might be facal
‘6 to themselves, they put themselves in a posture of defence ;
‘«¢ while flying false reports from some natives around them,
«* kept them in a continual alarm ‘of an attack.”

After prayers the watches were doubled and appointed for the

March 271th.—No disturbances through the night. Early in
the morning the society assembled ; after prayers it was taken
into consideration, What the society should do in the present
situation of affairs? Among the many things offered, the fol-
lowing was judged most proper: “ That from the recent oc-
“ currence, and present appearance cf things, a removal of
‘© the society off the island seemed necessary.’ Yo this the
greatest part of the brethren assented, and brothers Cover and
W. Puckey were nominated, to lay the society's situation be-
fore captains Bishop and Simpson, of the Nautilus, with the
major part of the society’s determination ; and to request their
advice and assistance. When they returned from the vessel, the
society assembled, and brother Cover informed the meeting in
substance as follows: ‘‘Itis captains Bishop and Simpson’s unt-
‘¢ ted opinion, that the society should, by all means, embrace
‘‘ the present opportunity of quitting Otaheite, and retire to
*¢ New Holland, to which place they are bound, and will glad-
‘« ly render the society every assistance in conveying them and
‘‘ their property to that: place. As to removing to another
‘‘ island, they judged it would be ineffectual ; as the society
‘< would be no more free from danger on the neighbouring
-* islands than on Otaheite.”” This judgment of the two cap-

| tains

38 Otaheitean Journals,

tains of the Nautilus, fixed the determination for future pro-
ceedings ; and it was agreed, * That as many as would, should
« retire to Port Jackson.” On some of the members desiring
a little time to consider the subject, the meeting was adjourned
till five o’clock in the evening, when the chairman put to each
individual, the substance of the following question: ‘ Brother,
“7s it your determinaiion to abide in Otaheite, or remove to
“© Port Jackson?’’ 'To which the following members gave in
their determination to go: viz. Brothers Cover and wife, Has-
sel] and family, Henry and family, Hodges and wife, Main,
Oakes, J. Puckey, W. Puckey and Smith. The following
members gave in their determination, in the strength of the
Lord, to remain on Otaheite: viz. Brothers Bicknell, Harris,
Jefferson, Lewis and Nott. The following members seemed
undetermined, and requested till the next morning, before they
gave their final answer: viz. Brothers Broomhall, Clode and
Cock; brother Eyre declared his willingness and desire to re-
main on Otaheite, but when he reflected on the situation of his
wife, when left by the sisters, the dangers she would be expo-
sed to, and the weakness of her sex ; he considered it his duty
to consult further with her on the occasion, leaving her at
liberty to determine on staying, or going, as it should please the
Lord to incline her mind. Some reports were brought, that
the natives meant to attack us this might. The watches were
again doubled, a strict look-out kept, and every prudent disposi-
tion made to guard us from surprize.

March 28th.—The night passed without any molestation.
Early in the morning the society met, and the four membcrs
gave their determination as follows: viz. Brother Broomhall to
go into the Nautilus, as surgeon of her for the voyage : that is,
from Otaheite to Port Jackson, from Port Jackson to Masuefero,
for seal skins, and from Masuefero to this ifland ; when, if it
was practicable, he purposed to remain and prosecute the work
of the mission. Brothers Clode and Cock accompany the bre-
thren that go to Port Jackson ; and brother Eyre and wife con-
tinue on Otaheite. As soon as the matter was thus concluded
on, the brethren, who had come to the resolution of quitting
Otaheite, prepared accordingly for their departure; and notice
was given to the commanders of the Nautilus, of the number of
missionaries who intended to embark in their veffel for -New
Holland. Between nine and ten o’clock in the morning, Man-
némanne came to the house, with a messenger from Pomére to
the four brethren, stripped at Opare, on Monday, with a chick-
en, and young plaintain tree, as an atonement and peace-offer-
ing to the brethren, for the injury they had received: at the
same time also, the messenger restored to the brethren most of


from Aug. 4, 1191, to March 31, 1798. 39
the articles they that day lost. According to the mode of re-
conciliation in this country, the ehicken and plantain-tree were
received; and Mannemanne informed, no kind of resentment
was retained against any one. ‘The report, that the greatest
part of the missionaries, with the women and children, were
going to quit the island, soon got abroad among the natives,
who seemed to express sorrow on the occasion. At night the
watches were again doubled.

March 29th.—That part of the society which had deter-
mined to quit the-island, employed in packing up, and sending on
board the Nautilus, such articles as they thought most useful,
and capable of being stowed in the vessel, which is very small.
Pomére, Edéa, and Pemaree were at our house in the course of
the day. The Nautilus this afternoon made the signal for sail-
ing, so that our brethren, sisters and children, were obliged to
embark with a hasty farewell. Many people around the house
to-day, but not the smallest molestation was offered; the most
were ready to lend their assistance when asked; while great
quantities of plantams, cocoa-nuts, &c. were brought for the
use of those gone on board.

When our brethren quitted us, we who remained, delivered
up the public store-room, with all it contained, into the hands
of Pomére, with the blacksmith’s shop, and all in it, as’ also
our own private property, if he demanded it, but this last he
refused, the others he accepted. °

The two sailors, who had ran from the Nautilus, came to
our house. ‘Ihe natives had plundered them the night before,
of some few articles; and, as they informed us, threatened
to kill them, because they would not join with the people
of Opare in coming against us. ‘They both expressed a desire
of returning to the ship, and went on board with an intent of
remaining in their former stations; but one of the captains
threatening to prosecute them at Port Jackson, for stealing the
ship’s boat, they were afraid to stay; they therefore came on
shore again, and told us of their fears. We thought it not pru-
dent to forbid them the house; but, on the contrary, gave them
a part of the shelfer we ourselves enjoyed. In the evening the
people withdrew, and we were left in quiet possession of the
house: a few of Pomére’s servants were left to keep watch

through the night. Between seven and eight we enjoyed a
peaceable and profitable prayer-ineeting. About nine, two na-
tives, armed with spears, called upon us, and informed us they
were going to Opare, to fight against those who had stripped

the Englishmen of their clothes.
Before the brethren went on board, the following letter, for the

40 | Otahertean Journals, — .
Directors of the Missionary Society, was read to brother Cover,
who made no objection to it, and after. it was read twice to,
and signed by the brethren, it was given to brother Cover, to
forward from Port Jackson: | |
‘From the Missionaries on the Islasid of Otaheite, or King
‘‘ George’s Island, in the great South Sea, to the Directors
‘¢ of the Missionary Society ; who, under the great Prince
‘<< of all Missionaries, for the preaching of his gospel in all
‘¢ parts of the World, were instrumental in commissioning
‘<< us to go forth and teach the Heathens in these Seas ; grace,
“© mercy and peace from God the Father, and our Lord Jesus
“« Christ, to whom be glory for ever. Amen.”
‘© Dearly beloved brethren,
‘¢ Time and circumstances will not
“© admit us at this present to enter upon partuculays. The change
«¢ that has taken place in our situation, by the sudden resolu-
“tion of the major part of the Society of Missionaries, to de.
‘ part from this island of Otaheite, for Port Jackson in New
‘ Holland, we trust will nothing hinder that work which first
<< induced us to offer our service to the Directors of the Missi-
“¢ onary Socicty, supported us under the heavy trial of forsaking
‘¢ parents, brothers, sisters, friends, &c. &c. and still encou-
‘“‘ rages us patiently to abide the will of God concerning us on
‘‘ this island. We can only assure the Directors of the Society,
<< our confidence is the strength of the Lord Jesus Christ, whose
<< aid we depend upon, and whose servants we desire to mani-
“ fest ourselves to bc. We also humbly request the Directors
‘Sof the Missionary Society not to forget us either in their
‘« prayers, or revisiting us, if any favourable opportunity for so
* doing should occur. We do not expect, nor solicit, that
«¢ the Missionary Society should put themselves to any further
“© expence on our account; but if the Directors should judge it
‘* prudent, and find it convenient, to send out a few presents
‘for those who shall have shewed themsclvcs most friendly
‘© towards us, such as knives, scissars, a few axes, and such
“articles, they will be gratefully received. Experience has
“ taught us, the more we are encumbered about worldly things
*¢ the less concern we have for the conversion of the heathen:
‘and the more we arc detached from sccular employments,
** the more, we trust, owr minds will be attached to the propa-
* gation of the gospel of Jesus Christ. Otaheite affords food
‘‘ and raiment, suitable to its climate, and sufficient to answer
‘¢ the great end of Providence, in granting us these blessings ;
‘6 viz. to cover our nakedness, and to sustain for a while our
| ‘¢ earthly

from Aug. 4, 1191, to March 31, 17198. 4.
‘< earthly perishing tabernacles, and having those things, we
‘¢ hope the Lord will teach us to be content. We think it
‘¢ needful to inform the Directors of the Society, that it appears
‘to us at present, a reinforcing this island, with a body of
‘¢ missionaries, consisting of men, women, and children, and s
“ furnished after the manner of ourselves, when we quitted
‘¢ our native country in the ship Duff, would nothing forward
‘© the work of God, on Otaheite, or the adjacent islands ; but,
“if four or six christian men, void of worldly encumbrances,
“ will be willing to hazard their lives, for the sake of the Lord
‘* Jesus Christ, m the salvation of the heathen, and led by the
‘‘ eternal spirit, forsake all and follow us, we shall glory, if
** spared, to give them the right hand of christian brotherly
“* fellowfhip.

“We conclude, with our prayers to our God, and your
*“ God, our Lord Jesus Christ, and your Lord, for his blessing
‘€ upon your labours for spreading abroad the savour of the
‘* grace of Christ, through the four quarters of the world,”

| ‘<6 We remain,

‘“ Dearly beloved brethren,
‘© Your brethren, in the Gospel of Jesus Christ,
B. BicKNELL, J. Eyre,
J. Harris, ]. JEFFERSON,
T. LEwls, H, Nort.” :
Otaheite, Matavat District,

March 29th, 1798.

To the above letter, brother Eyre subjoined the following
lines : :

“ From Joun Eyre, to the Directors of the Missionary

‘«¢ Society in England.”
‘¢ Dear Brethren, /

| Having, after many temptations, and

‘© severe conflicts, given myself and wife up to the Lord Jesus,
‘and to you his servants, for the propagating of the Gospel
‘« among the Heathens in the Society islands ; and having, ina
‘¢ solemn, publick manner, received a designation from you
‘‘ for the same: I now solemnly pray, that I may be found
VOL. I. C “ faithful

43 — Otaheitean Journals, |
‘« faithful-to the Lord, and my engagements with you, After
‘s hearing the determinations of the brethren, concerning re-
*¢ moving for Botany Bay, I laid the matter open before my
‘¢ wife, with the dangers and distresses that were very likely to
» *¢ befal her continuance here, anid left the Lord to dispose her
‘¢ mind to his will. J now join with her in giving ourgelves
‘f up to the Lard, hoping we shall act more like the servants
*¢ of the Lord than ever, willing to bear the reproach of good
‘and bad men, for my present conduct, till we meet at the
‘¢ bar of Him, who trieth hearts, and weigheth actions.
: Joun Eyre.”
Afarch 30th.—Heard this morning that Pomére was avenging
our cause, on some of the people of Opare, and: that he had
killed two, whe either were the principals, or assisted in strip-
ping the four missionaries, The Nauulus not having sailed
last night, the part of the sociely on board coplinued to send
for wartous articles throygh the day, which we sent them, as
far as we were able. In the former part of the day, brothers
Smith, Oakes, Broomnall, and Hassel, with the mate of the
vessel, were on shore, but all (brother Broomhall excepted) soon
returned to the ship again. Many people thronged the house.
Edéa paid much attention to sister Eyre (her towwa, or particular
friend) and assured her no one should hurt her. In the evening,
brother Broomhall laid before us his undeterminate and _per-
plexed state of mind, as to going in the Nautilus, or abiding
with us, and desired our advice on the occasion; saying,
he would abide by our determination. We conceived, it was
not brother Broomhall’s duty to follow his proposed plan, there
appearing no just cause for so doing: it was therefore agreed,
That he should remain on the island. By this determination
he declared himself content to abide, and a few lines were sent,
signifying this intention to our brethren on baard the Nautilys,
and the captains of that vessel. After dark Pomére arrived
from Opare; he confirmed the report of his having killed two
men on the missionaries account ; we told him, we were Sorry
for it. | -
March 3\st.—Past the night in great tranquillity. Pomére’s
people kept watch. ‘The ship (it is supposed by us) parted her
cable, and put to sea; hut she stood away to the northward, with
a fresh easterly wind, and in a few hours was out of sight, ‘Vhe
kjng, with many of his attendants, came to the house. to-day :
a musguet, with a small quantity of powder, was presented
hum in the hame of the society, and hkewise a musqueé, and
a Ijttle aAMInpNH Qn tO Pomere, with which, they scemed Very
: 4 well

| from Aug. 4, 1797, to March 31, 1798. 43
well pleased. All the rest of the arms and ammunition (two
pistols excepted, which were left unwittingly, one in brother
Harris’s possession, and which was afterwards presented to the
king, and the other in one of the departed brethrens’ apartment,
and which was stolen by a nativé) were sent on board the Nau-
tilus. Our situation appeared now critical to a degree. The
preat quantity of European goods exposed to view, were
looked upon with a most greedy, and covetous eye, by sur-
rrounding multitudes. ‘They evidently appeared to be waiting
the word of command, from a superior power, to break upon
us with united and resistless force, and plunder what their eyes
beheld; but God, into whose hands we had committed our-
selves, whose cause, we trust, we are engaged in, and to
whom alone we looked for protection, was pleased to shew
fis mighty greatness, in defending us from the depredations of
the natives, and forbade them to lay a finger upon our persons.
It is utterly beyond our capability to form any judgment, or
draw any conclusions from the late wonderftl, we may say,
évent, which has taken place among us. We all acknowledge
the finger of God in it; but confess his ways are infinitely
too incomprehensible for such worms as we are; to fathom.

In the evéning the natives began to withdraw from the house,
and we were suffered to present ourselves im peace before the
throne of grace, and praise God for his goodness manifested
towards us. ‘To-morrow being sabbath; and the first day of
a new month, we have resolved, through grace, to celebrate the
remembranceé of the death of qur most blessed Lord and Master,
according to his holy institution of the same.


44 | Otahertean Journals,

Transactions of the Missionaries, from the Departure of
their Companions on the 31st of Alarch, 1798, to the End
of the same Year.

J, UNDAY, April \st, 1798.—Preserved in safety to see re-
turning day. At half past six in the morning, we assembled
and enjoyed an undisturbed prayer-meeting. At half past ten
again met in quietness: three brethren engaged in prayer, and
brother Eyre gave a short exhortation, and administered the
sacrament unto us. The two seamen attended the prayers and
exhortation, and during the service Peter the Swede arrived at
the house. In the afternoon our dwelling was much thronged
by idle noisy visitors; but towards evening they withdrew,
thereby giving us another opportunity of meeting at*the throne
of grace. It was agreed by the society to sanctity ‘Tuesday next
as a fast unto the Lord.

April 2d.—A day of great noise and bustle at our dwelling.

It is surprising to see with what an avaricious eye they look
upon every thing we have. Pomére and Edéa seem insatiable :
they range from apartment to apartment night and day, and
carry away great quantities of all kinds of articles that they find.
LT'wo or three of the brethren employed in making the store.
room moré secure at Pomére’s request, in which is lodged
abundance of unwrought iron, &c. &c. The rest of the bre-
thren engaged in securing their apartments from the depreda-
tion of the natives, who are watching every Opportunity to

April 3d.—At half past nine held a prayer-meeting: suppli-
cated the forgiveness of our manifold transgressions, and be-
sought the protection of God, and his blessing on our labour to
spread abroad the savour of his grace among the heathen. At
three in the afternoon we again renewed our public addresses
at the throne of grace, and committed our bodies and souls into
the hands of Almighty God, through Jesus Christ our Mediator.
Many of the natives around us to-day, and much noise. Otoo
was presented with some articles, and a large chest for his mus-
qucts. .

} Aprib

from March 31, 1798, to the End of the same Year. 45
April 4th.—Some person or persons during the night at-
tempted to break into brother Eyre’s apartment, but he awaken-
ing at the time prevented them from effecting their design.
Brother Harris was also visited by some of the natives, (the
king’s people we suspect) who got into his room, ransacked
his chest of many valuables in books, cloth, and hardware :
while they were rummaging for something else, he awoke, and
they made their escape. In the morning brother Harris saw
his cloth in the hands of Pomére, and claiming it for his, the
chief restored it. After breakfast brother Jefferson went to.
Hapyano, the chief of which district shewed himself particularly’
friendly to us on the late trying occasion: he took with him a
small bundle of wearing apparel belonging to sister Eyre, to put
under the care of that chief’s wife. ‘The day proved very noisy
and uncomfortable from the tumultuous behaviour of the inha-
bitants, who now take many liberties they durst not have taken
before ; but still the Lord does bind them from doing us any

April 5th.—To-day Pomére and attendants, Otoo and attend-
ants, went to Hapyano to a feast, so that we enjoyed a state of
quietness, grateful and refreshing, after the hurry and confusion
we have of late been exposed to. Fidéa anda few of her domes-
tics remained at the house. A native who worked at the forge
with brother Hodges, has taken possession of the blacksmith’s
shop, and already has begun to shew his dexterity in doing
little jobs. Brother Broomhall, accompanied by the two sea-
men, went to Hapyano: he took with him a sextant and mari-
ner’s compass belonging to brother Harris, to place under the
charge of the chief of that district, in order to preserve them from
falling into other hands. About noon brother Jefterson re-

A pru 6th.—In the evening held a prayer-meeting, after which
it was agreed, Zhut Wednesday and Priday evenings should
be set apart for praycr-meetings, and that the word of God
should be preached twice on the Lord’s day. Also consulted
on some method for the more expeditious study of the language ;
to acquire which we have all hitherto found it very difficult.
One was proposed, and we agreed to make trial of it.

April Ith.—Edéa remains with us; she resides at a house
brother Main built for himself a few yards from our dwelling :
she frequently eats and drinks with brother Eyre and wife in
their apartment. 'dé4 is a woman of great understanding and
considerable influence.


46 Onhettean Journals, OS

April 10th.—We have enjoyed great outward peace these
few days past ; but from various réports among the natives; some
of us are led to imagine it will not be much longer. What may
befal us is only known to the Lord, who governs and orders all
things. We are embarked in a very important cause. on which
much depends: if it has God for its author; to weapon formed
against us catt prosper. oo -

April 13th.— By the help of the seamen, we have been put
into a way of preserving our pork by salt, which we were before
ignorant of, and by which a very great saving is made. The
method used 1s to kill the hog in the cool of the morning or
evening, take out all the bones, dip the flesh in salt water, and.
salt it while warm; then put it into a tub with some holes bored’
in its bottom to admit the brine to drain off, and press the meat
with a weight: in a few days it is sufficiently salt to keep for.

Sunday April 15th.—The day wassed quietly considering
the number of natives. In the evening we were. somewhat
alarmed with a report of the people’s intending to plunder the
house. ‘They take every opportunity they can to do it secretly,
To-day one found two kitchen jacks (stolen from the store-room)
buried in the sand at a little distance from the house. ‘They
were brought back, and returned to the place whence taken,
As we have delivered the contents of the store-room into Po.
mére’s hands, he is more concerncd for its safety than we are,
It 1s true Pomére’s servants watch round the house at night, bu
they are as great thieves as any others: they frequently, at mid.
night, get into the store-room, and cary off many things. On
account of the report spread abroad of an intention to plunder
our dwelling, Edéa doubled the watch, and was herself upon
guard the former part of the night armed with a war-club.

April 16th.—Though we were mercifully preserved from
the attacks of a body of plunderers last night, yet we did not
escape depredation. Some of the people who have been wih
us in the house many months, assisted in dressing our food, &c.
and whom we treated with more freedom than others, suffering
them to come in and out our private apartments without restraint,
do very often betray their natural disposition to thjeve. Last
evening, or some time in the night, two of the servants got into
brother Broomhall’s room, and carried off two small cases of
surgical instruments ; one case containing all the apparatus fot
cupping, and the other for amputation. In the mornin
Kdéa brought the two cases to us again: that containing the
apparatus for cupping was entire, nothing lost; but the other
case was stripped of all but two saws. In a little time after


from March 31, 1198, to the End of the same Year. 4
[:dé4 produced. two’ of the knives. How the articles came into
her hands we do not know; but she acted with a principle of
honesty we did not expect from her, in restoring the cases to us
unasked for, and indeed ignorant of their being stolen. Also
in the middle of the night, brother Eyre happening to awake,
and drawing back his bed-cyrtain, saw by the light he kept
burning, two of the natives (watchmen) attempting to get over
into his apartment: one of them was half over the partition.
On being asked what- he wanted, he began to make an excuse
by saying, ‘* I thought I heard some thieves within, and wag
coming to look for them.’? On being reproved they withdrew,
and made no more attempts for the night. Otoo and wife, with
their attendants, returned from Hapyano: some presents were
made to them by brothers Lewis and Kyre. Many people kept
coming and going: they were very noisv; but God was pleased
to preserve us In a gracious manner among them. We can
safely say, fZitherto the Lord has been better unto us than
all our fears. |

April \1th.—The king came early to the house, and asked
for a clinker built boat brother W. Puckey had begun to build,
but left unfinished. As we gave the boat some time ago to
Pomére, we could not do any thing in the matter, (we told the
king) till his return from Hapyano. All this day we have been
surrounded by a most noisy, clamourous, and importunate mob,
who beg and stcal on every hand. In the midst of the confu-
sion that thus surrounds us, our minds are unavoidably agitated
with various perplexing thoughts on our present situation, which
is still critical. This afternoor? we heard the natives of the place
where the Swederesides, (about fourteen miles to the westward)
had made an attempt to plunder him, but did not succeed.

April 18th,—Rumours of. way were sounded in our ears to-
day. The district of Opare has determined to revenge the death
of the two men Pomére killed en our account , and, as weare
informed, have declared war against Otoo and Pomére. Edéa
Jaid her hands on a young man who had been guilty of some
theft about the house, and confined him for a time. Otoo has
had some conference with the two seamen, (as they tell us)
enticing them to accompany him to the war at Opare. Otoo
told them he expected we should go. The seamen, by their
words to us, appeared as if they had’no inclination to engage in
the undertaking. In the evening Pomére arrived: we all went
out and bade him welcome: he brought with him four or five
hogs as a present, and behaved in a friendly manner. As he
did not seem disposed ta enter the house directly, we ‘quitted him,
and met together to pass a little time at the language. We were

48 Otahettean Journals, |

just seated at the table, when Pomére entered our apartment, and
put this question to us, How many of you know how to make
war ?”” Brother Nott replied, “ We know nothing of war.”
A conversation then began to take place among us upon the
subject, (Pomére withdrawing without saying any more to us
soon after brother Nott made him the above reply) in the end
of which we were unanimous in our resolution, Zhrough the
grace of God, not to intermeddle with arms either for offence
or defence. After this we held a prayer-meeting, and suppli-
cated the guidance and protection of our heavenly Father,

April 19th.—Pomére spoke to the seamen about going to
fight for him at Opare: they told him, if they went to the war
they would not work for him, but if he would suffer them to
remain in peace where they are, they would assist in building
him vessels, &c. ‘To this Pomére assented, and they imme-
diately began to finish brother W. Puckey’s boat. Our deter-
mination not to engage in war is made known to Pomére, and
we trust, through the mercy of God, we shall be no more soli-
cited on that head. The two sheep we brought from Rio
Janeiro have produced three fine lambs this week. We have
now nine sheep and twelve good goats. .

April 20th.—Received the agreeable intelligence that there
would be no war at Opare. ‘The principal chiefs continue to
come and go, and shew us as much respect as they can. Surely
we have great cause of thankfulness to God, who disposes the
hearts of these barbarous people, to shew men in our circum-
stances so much favour as thep do. May we be enabled to
requite their kindness by declaring unto them successfully the
glad tidings of the gospel. Pomére and his concubine, Manné-
manne and two of his wives, sleep beneath our roof to-night in
one of the vacated apartments. In the evening held a praver-

April 23d.—Two or three days ago we were rejoicing at
the intelligence of peace: to-day we find the sparks of discord
are not extinguished, but kindling into a flame which threatens
to consume many lives. It appears Pomére had sent to makc
peace with the disaffected inhabitants of Opare; but they re-
yected the offers, and have declared themselves for war. The
consequence of which is, Pomére and his party are going to-
morrow to make war upon them. The man who has taken
possession of the blacksmith’s shop, and its contents, for Po-
mére, is making an iron head, with several barbs to it, to fix at
the end of a lance; which terrible instrument of destruction
is to be taken with them to the war. This is what we expected;
namely, that they would soon attempt to forge themselves in-


from March 31,1798, to the End of thesame Year. 49
struinents of death, more deftructive than those already in their
possession, from the materials put into their hands; As we
were able we laboured for peace; but in vain: however we
were not solicited to join in the war, for which we have reason
to be thankful unto God.

Apri 24th.—A great noise about our habitation very early
this morning, occasionéd by the natives preparing themiselves
for the war at Opare: for which place many went, so that by
eight o’clock we were left to ourselves. Pomére, Mannémanne,
and Edéa, took their leave of us in a very friendly mariner.
Edéa, though very unwell, carried a small fowling-piece in her
hand, which it 1s said she knows how to use. At six in the
evening a man sent by Edéa arrived, who, in a speech uttered
with great vehemence, and much action with his body and
arms, informed us, Otoo and party had driven the enemy to
the mountains, and burnt some houses, but that no blood was
shed on either side. Edéa requefted us to send her a little tea,
and a tea-kettle, which we instantly complied with. We di-
vided ourselves into watches to-night with a few natives that
were left to mind the house: one upon guard for two hours.
Our reason for so doing was because Pomére sent us word to
be careful lest any one should set fire to the house.

April 25th.—Passed the night without any disturbance. At
noon the chief of Hapyano and wife arrived at our dwelling in
their way to Opare, where many of the chief’s people are gone
before to the war: he tarried dinner with us, and then proceeded
on his way.

April 26th.—The watch continued the past night. We were
informed Pomére and party had driven their adversaries up to
the mountains, had burnt between forty and fifty of their
houses, and killedsfour or five of their men. As we did not
know how far some wicked persons might be prompted to vent
their malice upon us, in revenge for the present calamity con-
ceived to be brought on them through us, and set fire to our
house, (no uncommon practice in this country) we filled the
water-engine, wetted the roof of the house, and kept the engine
in readiness in case of such an attempt.

April 30th.—The report of peace confirmed. We hear the
adversaries of Otoo, &c. have had ten men and two women
killed, which, with the two men killed before, and one that
died of his wounds, make fifteen lives lost since the brethren
were stripped of their clothes at Opare, and which was the
foundation of this slaughter. We have not heard of any of
Otoo’s party being slain. We cannot but rejoice at the grate-

VOL, I. | H ful

50 Otahettean Journals,

ful intelligence of the reconciliation between the contending
parties, and pray that it may continue. ‘Termaree and wife, with
several others, at our house to-day.

May \st.—This morning Edéa arrived, as also Mannemanne
and others. Pomére and Otoo remain at Opare.

May 2d.—Scarcely a day passes without our suffering from
plunderers. Last night the store-room was again searched.
We have now hardly an axe left for public use. Every day we
see more and more of this peoples’ deplorable situation. Our
prospect of planting the Bospe among them 1s very unpromising
at present. It is true, the things impossible with men are pos-
sible with God; and notwithstanding our doubts, fears, and, we trust the Lord will make all grace abound
towards us, and bless us to the conversion of some of their souls.

May $th.—At nine in the morning held our monthly prayer-
meeting. United our supplications with those of our brethren
in our native country for the spread of the eveslasting gospel.

May 18.~—Received two large presents from Pomére and
Mannemanne of hogs, brcad-fruit, &e.

May 19.—¥requent visits from Otoo, wife, and their at-
tendants. On taking a survey of our situation, we cannot but
acknowledge the signal interposition of the Lord Jehovah
Jesus in our daily preservation, and the great portion of tran-
quillity we enjoy. ‘Though surrounded by multitudes of untu-
tored heathens, who carefully embrace every favourable season
to commit secret depredations upon our property, yet we go ia
and out among them without molestation, and a degree of awe
of us seems to be so impressed upon them, as restrains them from
using any open violence to our persons, or our property.

May 22d.—The king and queen several times around the
house in their usual manner of riding on the shoulders of their
attendants. In the evening Pomére arrived from Opare : he
brought us a present of hogs, and behaved in a friendly

May 23d.—-This day passed as the preceding. A report
spread among us that the principal chiefs of the island are ina
short time going to the neighbouring island of Kimeo, and that
prior to their going they mean to burn the house in which we
reside. What gave rise to this report, or what foundation there
may be for the truth of it, is at present uncertain. From what
we every day see of the natural disposition of these people, we
have no reason to doubt, but, if left to themselves, they would


From March 31, 1798, to the end of the same Year. 5\
not hesitate at committing so desperate an act of wickedness,
notwithstanding their many professions of friendship made to us,
and the temporal advantages they have reaped by our visiting
their country. The Lord God omnipotent reigneth, and not
Satan. ‘The counsel of the Lord, that shall stand, and not the
devices of the heathen.

Sunday, May 27th.—The chief of Papara (Temaree), &c.
visited us; he made usa present of four baked hogs, a large
quantity of bread-fruit, &c. &c. which we divided among se-
veral of the surrounding natives.

May 28th.—The chief of Hapyano, visited and presented
us with alarge live hog, a quantity of raw bread-fruit, &c. &c.
Temaree took his leave of us and returned home.

May 29th.—Received a present of baked hogs, bread-fruy,
&c. from Pomére. We have of late had many such presents ;
however, that is not the smallest proof of any real friendship
towards us from those who sent thein.

June 2d.—T'o-day we divided among us same of the mast
valuable of the books that composed the library; the others
were carefully packed up in a dry cask, with a quanuty of
printing paper, and put into the store-room, as also several
files. We tonk out of the store-room some tin-ware, and di-
vided it among us. The printing and binding-presses, with
their appurtenances, and some printing paper, brother Lewis (by
the consent of the brethren) will keep in his possession, if pos-
sible. After we had lodged the above articles in the store-room,
by the directions of Pomére, the key was delivered into the
hands of the Swede, who carried it directly to Edéa.

June 16th.— Stili we enjoy great peace among the islanders,
notwithstanding the threats we from time to time have heard
have been issued out against us. We also partake of as abun-
dant a portion of the productions of the country as we can de-
sire. ‘Io these blessings of peace and plenty, are kindly added,

by our gracious donor, good health of body, and the unmo-
lested enjoyment of the means of grace.

June 18th.-~-Otoo and ‘Tat6oa-noce, his queen, were
several times about our dwelling. Otoo has been of late
asking brother Lewis to teach him the Hebrew language, and
has been inquisitive to know if the king of England is acquaint-
ed with Hebrew. What can have excited such an out-of-the-
way desire, in the Otaheitean chief, we cannot tell, unless the
Strange appearance of the Hebrew characters in some Hebrew

HW 2 book

52 Otahettean Journals,
book shewn him, caught his fancy; however, as it is probably
only a spark of passion, it will soon die away again. About
three o’clock we were surprized, by the cry from the natives
around us, ‘* A ship, under the island of Eimea.”’ At first some
of us conceived it was a ship, but on nearer inspection, by the
help of a glass, it was discovered to be a large canoe, Fine
weather. Brother Lewis went to his friend’s house inland.
June 20th.—Brother and sister Eyre went tc Hapyano, in a
double canoe, sent for them the preceding evening, by the
chief of that district. ‘The brethren at the house employed in
sundry duties, Otoo and attendants make frequent visits to the
house. Otoo seldom makes his appearance without soliciting
something of one or the other. In the evening brothers Jef-
ferson, Eyre and wife, returned from Hapyano. Weather se-
rene and pleasant.
June 21\st.—Passed the day peaceably, and in various exer-
cises, Clear weather, with a fresh easterly, wind, | |
June 22d.—Received a visit from the king and queen last
night, after nine o'clock. They came to take their leave of
us, prior to their departure for Opare. Otoo and Tatéoa-noce,
stil! continue their regal privileges of riding across the shoulders
of their attendants; and, however unseemly the custom is, and
uncommon, to an European, yet it must be acknowledged,
they sit as easy, and what is termed graceful, as any expert
horseman can on the back of a horse; and, although Otoo
and ‘Tatdoa-noce, are well grown persons, yet their bearers
carry them, when travelling, generally a trotting pace. The
young king continues friendly to us. Yavva continues to be
prepared, as related by Capt. Cook, &c. and drank to excess
by chiefs and common people. The effects it produces are
visible, in some, from the head to the soles of their feet. The
eyes of the great yavva drinkers are much blood-shot, some-
times very sore; their skin covered with a greqt thick scurf,
and the soles of their feet chopt or cracked; it also subjects some
of them to strong fits. Notwithstanding the filthy manner of
preparing, its nauseous smell, and reputed disagreeable taste,
it is as much admired by Otaheitean epicures, as the finest wines
produced in Italy or France, are by the most refined sensualist in
England. : 7 : | 7 |
June 25th.—The society thought it prudent to come to the
resolution of breaking up the public mess-table, and of living
two or fhree together in our own apartments. The reasons
for this resolution are; First, The number of servants (as

from March 31, 1198, to the end of thesame Year. 43
they call themselves) exceeds the number of the society, nor
can we lessen it; for if they are told to leave us, they will
not, unless they please; and if we give them no food,
thev will steal it if they can. If one servant goes another
quickly comes ; for the doing the smallest action towards
dressing our provisions (whether desired or not) they ima-
gine entitles them to a place at our table, and constitutes
them our servants for so long a time as they shall think
proper to stay. Secondly, The servants (or those who call
themselves so) are only tied to us for the sake of the food that
they get, which is a great abundance, for but a small part of
what is brought to the house in presents, 1s eaten by the society,
while the servants, who therewith are much pampered, become
very indolent, and very impudent; and, notwithstanding all kind-
nesses, take freequent opportunities of thieving. ‘Thirdly, Mul-
titudes of the natives flock around us at our meals, who come to
gratify an impertinent curiosity; and, at times, are almost ready
to pluck the meat out of our hands, so that we can seldom sit
down to eat with any degree of comfort. These things, and
some losses we have lately experienced, induced us to come to
the above resolution, when we hope, by the assistance of one
boy to each mess, to be able to dress our meat and eat it with-
out the unnecessary interference of numerous attendants, and
the repeated intrusions of rude visitors.

June 271th. --Pomére sent us a large quantity of mountain-
plantains. This fruit, which grows on the mountains, in vast
abundance, forms a principal part of the food of the natives,
when bread-fruit is scarce. There are various species of them,
and they are alla wholsome fruit, baked, boiled, or when ripe
eatraw. ‘They are, by the most of us, esteemed superior to
the common plantains.

June 23th.—The report, that some time ago prevailed, of a
determination to burn our dwelling, seems to be forgotten; and
all thoughts of such an event taking place subsided among us
at present. ‘The Lord keeps us under the shadow of his wings,
and preserves us as the apple of his eyes. The Otaheitean keeps
the forge constantly at work, in making fish-hooks, a kind of
adz called foe, repairing musquet and pistol locks, and other
things; he burns chiefly charcoal. Weather pleasant, a mode»
tate sea-breeze.

June 20th.—Pomére prescnted us with a large cavally, which
had juss been caught. According to the custom #f the country,
on similar occasions, we presented him with a part of it again,
a part to Edéa, and the remainder to some people about the
house, The Otaheiteans are particularly fond of fish, which


54 Otaheitean Journals, —
they frequently eat raw, from a sea shark to a small river fish,
Pomére procured us a large carving-knife, that was stolen from
us last week.
July 2d.—We this morning received information, Edéa has
‘Deen delivered of a child; and, that according to the inhuman
cuftom of the country, it is destroyed. “This is the second in.
‘fant Edéa has murdered, since our residence on the island. The
assigned reason for this abominable custom 1s, Edéa is of royal
blood, the man she cohabits with 1s of menial birth, should the
fruit of their unequal union be permitted to survive, the dignity of
the royal family would be considered as polluted and dishonoured;
to prevent which, the savage parent suffers her babe to be
strangled as soon as it comes from her womb. ‘The rest of the |
chiefs of the island, who are of the royal family, follow the,
example of their head; so that, if any of them (male or female) |
are connected with persons of inferior birth, all the offspring, |
Issuing from such a connection, are mass&cred. As every per- |
son of inferior class is left to follow his, or her inclination, to |
save or destroy their children, the number of infants murdered |
is very great; it being no uncommon thing to destroy the first |
three a woman has; and if a woman has twins (which is often
the case) it is very rare that both are permitted to live. Same
of the Otaheiteans are acquainted with the satanic art of de. |
Stroying the fetus in the womb, on the first discovery of a con- }
Ception, but this 1s, in general, attended with bad consequences
to those who practise it. |

July 4th.—Some report was spread among the people, that |
Temaree was coming to make war against this district. The
reason of this we have not heard, but we are informed, Pomére
is going to endeavour to prevent, in an amicable manner, such a
procedure. |

July 5th.—The report of war 1s again hushed. Pomeére is
gone to ['emaree, who, we hope, will succeed in preventing
war. Edéa has not visited us since the death of her infant; at
her desire, we have sent to her at her house on the point, tea, |
and pork, dressed after our manner.

July 1th—We are informed, Temaree has accepted of Po-
anére’s tarra-d-hdrra, or atonement, and consequently peace
is restored. If the person offended isa chief, the tarra-a-hdrra |
is a live pig, and a young plantain tree: if a ratéera, or under-
chief, a young chicken and a plantain tree. The pig and chicken
‘may be considered as a sin-offering, and the plantain a peace-
offering. ‘The cause of ‘l'emaree’s anger, it is said, originated
from some unbecoming jest that had been put upon one of ns |

amuy. |

from March 31, 2198, to the end of the same Year. 58
family.. As we donot hear that the offence was given by Po-
mére, we cannot-tell how hecameto atone for it. After family
worship this evening, brother Lewis informed the society, it
was his determination to quit us, and by himself go and dwell
with his friend at Ahénoo. Some few dissuasions were used,
but brother Lewis being best acquainted with his own views,
he was left to follow his determination. Brother. Broomhall
also informed the society, himself and brother Harris had some
thoughts of visiting Mytéea, a small island to the eastward; a
principal person from thence, having lately arrived at Otaheite,
and had given them an invitation.

Sunday, July 8th.—No interruption through the day. Be-
fore the division of the society, the natives in the neighbour-
hood forbore the making of their cloth on the Sabbath, but
now they have returned to their custom, and the sound of the
cloth-beater 1s heard near to us. Edéa has not visited us since
the murder of her infant; she is quite recovered, though she
has not been delivered above eight or nine days. The man who
cohabits with her, the father of the child murdered, breakfasted
with brother Eyre this morning ; an opportunity was taken of
informing him anew, of the evil of the custom; all he could
say, in justification of the action was, his being a mannahiwne,
or mean man, and Edéa an arée-vaheine, or chief woman.

July 9th.—Brother Bicknell heard, that the large axe he had
had stolen from him, in the month of May, 1s in Edea’s possession.
it was taken by one of her domestics, and given to her. This
is a full confirmation of our suspicion, of her being privy to
the robbery. Brother Lewis went to Ahonoo. —_

July 10th.—Brother Lewis returned from Ahdénoo, to which
place he in the evening again went, taking with him his bed,
and various articles of his property. -

July \ith.—Edéa still remains at her dwelling on Venus
point. An opportunity of re-informing her of the barbarity
of infant murder, has been embraced. .

July 19th.—This day Edéa visited us. A confusion of face
Was visible in her, which wore away by degrees. She brought
two large live hogs, and a quantity of. plantains and cocoa-nuts,.as
a present for brother Eyre and wife. Her present was received,
and herself as hospitably entertained, as our circumstances would
adinit. |

July 18th.—Brother Jefferson went to Opare, to see the
chief of Hapyano, brother Nott accompanied him; m the even-

| ing

36 - * Otahettean Journals,
ing they returned. While they were at Opare they saw what
in this country is termed a hoeva, or ceremony over the dead.
The person for whom it was performed was the chief of
Hapyano’s wife’s father; he had been buried after the custom
of Otaheite, upwards of a fortnight, and the ceremony was
still continued for him. About twenty persons, men and boys,
their bodies daubed all over with smut, and red and white clay,
in various forms, and most of them armed with sticks, at-
tended by a person arrayed ina fantastical habit, calleda mourn-
ing dress, made their appearance, ran about from house to
house, and round the corpse for a short time, and then disap.
peared. While these frightful objects were running from house
to house, beating their sticks against the outside railing, &c.
those in them pretended to be much frightened. After this su-
perstitious, unmeaning rite was finished, many of the party en.
gaged in it came round the house where the two brethren were: |
some of them were painted as if they bad black jackets turned |
up with white, with a double row of buttons, their thighs and |
breech painted red, and their legs white, while their faces were |
daubed in as hideous a manner as it was possible. |
July 20th.—Seven men, five women, and two children ar-
rived here, and were this evening introduced to Pomére with |
some ceremony. ‘They belong to a small island in the neigh. |
bourhood, to the eastward, called Mataya ; they were driven
off their coast ina double canoe, by a fresh of wind, and forced [
on shore in the district of Hapyano. ‘Their language is nearly
similar with the Otaheitean; the persons of the men also the |
saine, but somewhat darker in complexion. The most of the
men are tattooed across the breast. “Che women resemble the |
lower order of the Otaheitean women, darker in complexion,
and rather shortin stature. One of the menisa priest, elderly, |
and in his appearance respectable. ‘Che men wore a piece of |
white cloth round their loins, the priest the same, with the ad-
dition of a flesh-coloured cloth thrown over his shoulders. The |
women were dressed as the women of this island usually are,
At their interview with Pomére, in their oration upon the oc- |
casion, the speaker, after delivering a few words, began singing,
in which he was joined by the rest (except the priest, who was |
seated near Pomeére, and said nothing:) thus they went on }
speaking and singing alternately, till the oration concluded. The |
Strangers presented Pomére, as a gift for his god, a sprig of small |
red feathers, and alittle twig about a foot long, which Pomére’s }
orator tied together, and stuck up ina part of the thatch of the |
chief’s house where he was sitting, as also a bunch of green
leaves given with the feathers and twig; a bunch of the same |
leaves |

Srom March 31, 1198, to the end of the same Fear. 5%
leaves was by one of the strangers placed on the outside of the
roof of the house: a small pig, during the harangue, was held
by another of the strangers till the orator had done, and then he
let itrun at hberty. After this ceremony the strangers approached
Pomére, and shook hands with him; and then an appointment
was made among them for going the next day to the chief's

Sunday, July 29th.—We enjoyed the means of grace with-
out molestation, though the poor heathens were very noisy with
their drums, singing and shouting at the large house on the
opposite side of the river. We each of us, as we have ability,
at times endeavour to attract their attention to spiritual
things; but the Lord’s time is not yet come for our preaching
to thein in a clear comprehensive manner, nor their giving heed
to the things they hear.

Aug. \st.—Received the following letter from Mr. Lewis:

‘¢ Brethren and Sister,

‘¢ After a long and great conflict of mind, I
‘© now inform you it is my fixed determination to take to wife
«* one of these natives, and abide faithfully towards her until
«¢ death, thinking it the most eligible step in the present circum-
“ stances, all things considered. Dear brethren, although you
‘«¢ may be otherwise minded, yet I pray you to remember this,
‘¢ that while in this tabernacle we see but in part, and know but
‘¢ in part; many things might be said on the present subject, but
‘¢ I forbear, submitting the whole to Him who disposeth all
‘events to their final end, and may the Lord order our steps,
“ both yours and mine, to his eternal glory, and our feli-
“city. I hope you will return an answer to this by the
‘* bearer.’

«* T remain,

‘“¢ Your’s affectionately,
‘¢ In the bonds of the gospel,
‘* ‘THoMas Lewis.”
August Ist, 1798.
“To the Rev. Mr. Jefferson,”

Brothers Eyre, Harris, and Jefferson, considering the above
letter too important to give an hasty answer unto, declined
sending any. In the evenjng brother Lewis’s letter was read to

vaL. I, I the

58 Otaheitean Journals, =
the society, as also the 21st article of the articles of faith, aces
drawn up on board the Duff, entitled ‘* Of marriage ;”. which
article, and brother Lewis’s determination, we each of us deemed
very opposite. That such an event would take place, we long
have had reason to fear, from brother Lewis’s conduct towards
the females. About three weeks or a month ago, brother Lewis
called brother Harris apart, and privately interrogated him on
the propriety of his marrying a native of Otaheite : afterwards he
interrogated brother Eyre in the same private manner, T'wice
or thrice he called brothers Harris and Eyre aside, and queftioned
them upon the point. At farft they seemed favourable to his
inclinations upon certain conditions—that he aimed at the glory
of God in what he did; and that he had reason to think favour-
ably of the person’s chastity whom he had chosen. Butat the se-
cond interview with each of them, (having reflected upon the mat-
ter) they objected to the lawfulness of the action, and used argu-
ments to dissuade him therefrom. Brothér Fyre having informed
brother Jefferson of the substance of his private interviews with
brother Lewis, brother Jefferson did, on Saturday, July 7, after
evening prayer, desire the society to stop, and mentioning to
them the cause of their detention, requested of brother Lewis to
say, Whether he was determined to marry an heathen woman
or not? He for some time evaded the question, considering (as
he said) such a mode of procedure unjustifiable; but in the end
said, he had told brothers Harris and Eyre his mind upon the
matter a day or two before; which was—he should drop all
thoughts of it for the present. The conversation then turned
upon the inconsistency and unlawfulness of the action, for proof
of which was produced | Cor. vi. 16: from thence arguing the
impropriety of a christian man’s marrying an heathen harlot.
Bui brother Lewis maintained that the apostle there referred to
fornication, and not to matrimony. In reply it was said, it
would equally apply to marriage with an harlot, from whom no
pledge of conjugal fidelity could be expected: and it wasat thesame
time asserted, that from the manner in which the children of the
natives are brought up, itis probable that there is not a female
on the island, above the age of twelve years, that is not debased.
In the course of conversation it was also mentioned, that some
few weeks before the separation took place, on a certain occa-
sion, when the question was agitated before the whole body of
missionarics, Whether it was lawful for a missionary to marry
an heathen woman ?—It was answered and clearly proved in the
negative. And at the same time it was agrecd to by the body,
(brother Lewis being of the number) That if any missionary
be connected with an heathen woman, he should no longer be
considered a missionary, or a member of the church. As vwo-
morrow is the day appointed for the church-meeting, the society
" weré

From March 31, 1198, to the End of the same Fear. 69
were of opinion, that we should defer till then all proceedings
on this very interesting matter.

August 2d.—At the time appointed, brother Lewis being
come, the church assembled in brother Jefferson’s apartment.
Brother Eyre began with prayer, then read the 7th chapter
of Joshua, and afterwards the following address to brother

‘© Brother Lewis.—The circumstances that gave rise to this
‘¢ church-meeting, are the many evil reports we all hear of
“ your conduct and behaviour among the female natives of this
«“ island. Your sustaining the sacred character of a minister of
the gospel, a designated missionary to the ignorant perishing
“ heathens of Otaheite, and a member of our church, we hold
‘* it our duty as christians, as a body equally concerned with
“ yourself in the like object of designation, to demand of you
“< now, in the presence of the heart-searching God, and us his
‘‘ people, and your brethren, an open and a frithful declaration
“of the truth to the following qucstion:—Hlave you had any
‘< carnal connections with any one of the female natives of thig
‘ island since the day of our first landing on it ?”’

Brother Lewis answered, ‘“‘ No.” Brothers Eyre and Jeffer-
son repeated the question twice or thrice, calling upon brother
Lewis to remember where he was—before whom—in the pre-
sence of an heart-searching God. ‘Io which brother Lewis
replied, ‘* I am not insensible of that.’ Brother Eyre asked,
if brother Lewis was willing that the woman with whom it was
reported he had had connections should be brought before him?
he answered in the affirmative. Brother Lewis was requcsted to
withdraw for a little, which he complicd with, and a short con-
sultation took place among the brethren, when it was agreed,
that we should proceed on the subject of his mtention of takin
an heathen woman to wife, which we had under his hand
Brother Lewis was again called in, and brother Jefferson read
his letter to the society of yesterday, and the before-mentioned
2ist article of marriage: After some observations tending to
shew the impropriety of his conduct, he was asked, how his
intended marriage was to be performed? T’o which he replied,
«© That requires consideration, as { am unacquainted with the
society’s determination.”” The form of marriage out of the
article was again read; and the question put—* How can a
minister of God unite a christian man and an heathen woman ?””
Fach of the ministers present protested against the unlawfulness
of the action, and their ever performing the ceremony. After
this, twice was brother Lewis interrogated, ‘* Do you mean to

12: persist

60 Otaheitedn Journals,

persist in your determination to take to wife one of the heathen
women?” He answered, ** You know my determination.”’
Having given us his final reply, he was again requested to with-
draw. [very member was sensible of brother Lewis’s guilt,
and five of us were unanimous in declaring, he could not be
considered any longer a member of our church under his present
determination. Brother Bicknell maintained, a suspension from
church-communion for a scason would be sufhcient; but the
other brethren, contrasting his former unseemly conduct with
his present unscriptural resolution, and considering it a direct
erring from the truth of the gospel, were of opinion we should
not act unbecoming our characters as christians and missionaries
in excommunicating him without farther consultation had upon
the matter. A few words were therefore drawn up, he called
in, and brother Jefferson read as follows:

‘© Mr. Lewis, we are unanimous in,not considering you a
‘¢ member of our church: our particular reasons we will assign
‘¢ on a future occasion.”’

To this declaration of our mind Mr. Lewis began to raise
objections ; but as we were well convinced his conduct had ren-
dered it indispensably necessary for us to act thus for the glory
of the gospel of Christ, we gave him to understand we should,
without entering into any contention, abide by our determirta-
tion. In the afternoon Mr. Lewis returned to Ahdénoo. In
the evening the church assembled. Proposed a meeting on the
morrow to take into consideration our letter of excommunication
to Mr. Lewis. Brother Bicknell continued to think Mr. Lewis
should not be excommunicated, but only suspended: the bre-
thren differed in sentiment from brother Bicknell, thinking his
conduct fully justified our proceedings.

August 3d.—At ten in the morning the church met. The
transactions of yesterday were again read. A letter of excom-
munication was directed to be drawn up by the secretary for
Mr. Thomas Lewis, with the reasons assigned for our proceed-
ings against him. At three in the afternoon the church met,
when a copy of the letter of excommunication was read, and
approved of. It was then considered, what should be done re-
specting brother Bicknell’s signing the letter: as he disapproved
of our judgment on Mr. Lewis, we could not expect he would
add his signature to ours. As brother Bicknell was absent, it
was recommended that brother Eyre should interrogate him by
himself on the subject, and in the evening report to us the re-
sult of the confercnce. In the evening, when met for prayers,
brother Eyre informed us he had conversed with brother Bick-

l nell

Jrom March 31, 1798, to the End of the same Fear. 61
nell on the subject proposed, and said, that he found him in a
distressed state of mind, and unsettled ; but his prevailing opinion
was, that Mr. Lewis should not be excommunicated. It was
agreed to sign the Jetter to-morrow morning. About six in the
afternoon we felt a gentle shock of an earthquake: the weather
was very serene and mild at the time.

August 4th.—After prayers this morning the following letter
was signed by the under-written brethren, and delivered into
the hands of a native, in whom we could confide, to carry te
Mr. Lewis at Ahénoo. ;

‘¢ From the church of Christ residing on Point Venus, in the
‘© district of Matavai, Otaheite, August 3, 1798.

‘© We, whose names are underneath expressed, the professing
‘© members of the mystical body of the Lord Jesus Christ, in
« the fear of God, and with prayer and supplication, repeat the
‘¢ words publicly addressed unto you at our church-meeting,
“held on Thursday, August 2d.—‘ We are unanimous in not
‘ considering you a member of our church.’ Our reasons for
‘© this determination are as follow :—

“© Ist. We conceive your conduct towards the females of Ota-
* heite, while dwelling with us, in many instances which we have
‘* all been eye-witnesses to at diffcrent periods, and for which
‘© you have received divers private admonitions, and public re-
‘* proofs, to have been exceedingly unbecoming a christian
‘* professing godliness, a holy minister of the blessed Son of God,
‘© and a missionary to the idolatrous inhabitants of Otaheite, to
‘** turn them from darkness to light, from the paths of sin and
‘* death, to the service of the one true God, in three persons,
“ the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.

«< 2dly. Your professed determination before us to take a na-
“ tive of this island, in her present unconverted state, and to
‘¢ cohabit with her as your wife, in direct opposition to the ar-
ticle of marriage, drawn up (by your confession) principally
“by yourself, acceded to by the seven brethren, who, with
“ yourself, composed the committee of eight persons, that were
“* instrumental in the hands of God, for framing such articles
‘¢ for faith and practice as we believe are agreeable to the scrip-
* tures of truth, and subscribed to by the whole body of missi-
‘“ onaries on board the Duff, is so manifest a proof of your de-
‘« parture from the truth of the gospel, that you, at your ordi-
‘‘ nation for the sacred office of a minister of the word of God;
‘* did solemnly bind yourself to teach and live, as we doubt not
“* will justify us in the view of the Dyrcetors of the Missionary

« Society,

62 Otaheitean Journals,
“ Society, of the Missionary Society at large, and all real chris-
« tians, IN excommunicating you, and while you remain in a
«< state of impenitency, prevent us from considering you 4 missi-
« onary to the heathen, a minister of Christ’s word, and a
‘¢ christian man. |
‘¢ Joun Eyre.
‘« JoHN HaRRISs.
‘Henry NOTT.
‘6 To Mr. Thomas Lewis.”
In the afternoon the messenger returned, and brought from
Mr. Lewis the under Letter :——
«¢ Brethren,
‘¢ Yours I received, and was not a little
“¢ surprized at the boldness and confidential air thereof. I am
‘© therein charged with an exceedingly unbecoming conduct
‘© towards the females of Taieite, and for which I have re-
«© ceived divers private admonitions and public reproofs; but,
«¢ God is my witness, I know got by whom, or at what period.
«© Itis moreover expressly asserted, that you all have been eye-
«<< witnesses thereunto; but how consistent with, or contrar
“© to, what was advanced at the meeting on Thursday, Aug. od.
‘© the Lord and your own consciences may bear witness another
“day. In regard to my determination being contrary to the
“ article which you pleased to subjoin to your letter, it may
*¢ not be improper for Mr. Jefferson, in particular, to call to
« mind the time of signing that article of marriage on board the
‘© Duff, when he demanded of the committee an explanation of
‘¢ it from the following words to the end—‘ Then the persons
‘«< about to enter, &c, &c.’ to wit, whether it was equally
‘< binding in form with the former part of the said article or
<< not? and was answered by the committee unanimously that
‘© it was not: he then replied he was relieved from his embar-
‘¢ rassment ; but zow he urges the said part as essential to faith
‘< and practice, but by whom considered as such I know not:
‘© not by the ccclesiastical law of England, nor by the body of
«¢ dissenting ministers of any denomination, some of whom, if
‘© not most of them, adopt another mode; yet I do not think
‘“¢ thateither of you will call in question the legitimacy of the
‘¢ connection thus formed. Andas Mr. Eyre urged me to con-
‘¢ sider the private conversation between us, I would but just
*© observe, that he said, that if I could declare that it was with
** a view to the glory of God such a connection was to be by
‘6 ge Sermed, he knew of no objection to perform his duty as a
" ‘© munitter:

from March 31, 17198, to the P’nd of the same Year. 63
«© minister: pray let him consider this, and discharge his con-
s¢ science. Moreover as touching Mr. Harris’s thinking I had
‘ finally dropped the subject in consequence of his remonstrance,
s¢ T call God to witness he advised me to no such thing, but
« the reverse, which was to the following effect :—Ist. As it
‘¢ respected the natives, that 1t would be better for me‘to live a
“ little while among them first. 2d. As respecting the bre-
‘¢ thren, 1t would perhaps meet with a more favourable recep-
‘¢ tion with them after the present heat was over, which my
© leaving the British house, and going to Ahénoo, might occa-
‘sion. Now I pray you consider the above observations, and
‘¢ be not too hasty in such matters as these.

¢¢ T remain,
‘¢ Your’s affectionately,
‘“ ‘THomas Lewis.”
ss Ahénoo, Aug. 4, 1798.

When the society met in the evening, Mr. Lewis’s letter was
read: the brethren thought no answer should be made, in order
to avoid an unnecessary and hurtful altercation; but for the
satisfaction of the Directors of the Missionary Society, the
Missionary Society at large, and all christians into whose hands
this register of proceedings may hereafter come, it was judged
requisite that the following short statement of facts should be
inserted in the journal by way of reply to the above. ©

‘© The unbecoming behaviour sccn in Mr. Lewis by many
“of the brethren ard ourselves, was frequent and indecent
‘ inahigh degree, (to detail all the particular instances adduced,
“ would be extremely offensive to the feelings of the delicate
‘ rveader.) Several of the brethren who have left us noticed
“ Mr. Lewis’s familiarity with the femaics, and spoke of it;
“if not calling upon him by name, yet 1 such terms as plainly

“indicated to whom tney alluded. Brothers Henry and
“ Hodges, sisters Cover, Henry, and Hodges, have particu-
“ larly expressed themselves in a very public manner ; and he
“has been spoken to in private by some of them. Freedom
‘“ with the females has been remarked in public preaching, and
‘“ reproved in such expressions of caution and pointed disappro-

“ bation, as to leave the guilty without excuse. Brother

“ Harris has spoken to Mr. Lewis in private on the same sub-

‘© ject. There was nothing said, to the best of our recollection,

* an ‘Lhursday, August 2d. inconsistent with, or contrary to,
| | ‘© what

64 | Otaheitean Journals,
«© what Mr. Lewis was charged with in our first reason assigned
«« for excommunicating him.” "

As Mr. Lewis has brought forth and supported a charge
against brothers Jefferson, Eyre, and Harris separately, they
have replied to the charge, each one for himself.


‘© I cannot call to mind the occurrence charged upon me by
‘© Mr. Lewis. I remember J did make some enquiry upon the
** ceremony of one of the articles, (if I am not mistaken it was
<< the one upon burial) desirimg to know if it was literally to
‘¢ be adhered to at all times without any deviation therefrom,
‘© and was answered in the negative. But granting it was
<¢ really as Mr. Lewis has stated 1t in his letter, yet I do not
<« perceive it will make any thing against my present objections
«¢ to his conduct, and censuring his determination to marry an
«© heathen woman. According to Mr. Lewis’s account, I de-
<¢ manded of the committee an explanation of the article on
«¢ marriage, from the following words to the end—‘ Then the
«© persons about to enter, &c.’ ‘To wit, whether it was equally
‘«¢ binding in form with the former part of the article? Here it
«© seems my enquiry was made upon the adherence to a form,
¢* not the lawfulness of a marriage between a christian man, a
<¢ missionary and a minister of God’s word, with an heathen
«© woman; which never appeared to me to bea justifiable
< action, but on the contrary, I always held it a departure from
«¢ the truth as it isin Christ. And certain it is, if I ever did
‘Ss make such a demand as Mr. Lewis asserts I did, it could
«* never be with a design of justifying hereafter what I then
« deemed, and do now, a great sin. And sure Iam, if I had
«© ever dropped the smallest expression on board the Duf that
«‘ intimated the propriety of a marriage between a missionary
<< and an heathen, before or after signing the articles of faith,
<< &c. one and all of the missionaries would have directly con-
«© demned my conduct, and if I had persisted in the same, no
‘¢ doubt they would have judged me a very unfit person for the
‘¢ mission. Mr. Lewis also says, ‘ But now he urges the said
‘¢ part as essential to faith and practice.’ When I read the ar-
‘¢ ticle on marriage at our church meeting, I asked, what minis-
<¢ ter of the Lord Jesus Christ could unite a christian man and
‘* an heathen woman together, and call upon the man and the
‘< woman to follow the minister in saying, I M. take thee N.
‘<¢ to be my married wife, and do in the presence of God, and
‘* before this congregation, promise and covenant to be a loving
‘* and faithful husband unto thee, until God shall separate us

66 by

from March 31, 1198, to the End of the same Year. 68
‘© by death ;? and «IN. take thee M. to be my married hus-
“band, &c. &c.’ This is the part, I apprehend, Mr. Lewis
‘+ particularly alludes to, when he charges me with urging the
‘‘ said part as essential to faith and practice. I neither urged it,
‘© nor hold it as essential to faith and practice ; but I hold matri-
‘* mony to be a very sacred and solemn ordinance of God’s ap-
‘¢ pointment, and that no christian persons should be united
« like brute beasts, or professed heathens or infidels, without
‘© a solemn address of some kind to the parties: and I conceive,
«¢ it would be very unseemly, at the celebration of such a solem-
<‘ nity, for a mimister of Christ to address the man as a servant
<¢ of Jesus Cnrist, and the woman as a servant of Satan; or to
<* recommend to the woman, to live with her husband in the
‘¢ love and fear of that God, whose redeeming power she never
‘¢ felt, and whose worship she contemns. As for what Mr.
‘¢ Lewis observes, concerning the ecclesiastical laws of England,
«© &c. I apprehend they are nothing to the present subject,
«“ as we contend not about rites and ceremonies, but against
‘¢ the union of a member of Christ, with a member of Belial.”?


«© The private conversation, between Mr.* Lewis and me,
“© was at three different times. Inthe first, Mr. Lewis informed
«ime of his thoughts of marrying a native of Otaheite, and
«¢ desired to know my views of the same. I knowing the be-
‘© haviour of Mr. Lewis towards the females that came to the
‘¢ house, replied, if 1t would prevent a greater evil taking
‘© place, and he thereby acting for the glory of God, and the
“person he chose for his wife, was strictly a virgin, I should
‘‘ consent. The conversation then turned upon the munister’s
« duty in marrying; in the course of which conversation, L
‘¢ said, uf the minister, after due publishing and examining the
‘“ persons intending to marry, found them not to be within the
“ degrees of consanguinity, and of proper age, he was cleared
“from being chargeable with guilt, from any other quarter.
“ But my saying, I should have no objection to perform the
“ ceremony for Mr. Lewis, I do not remember. Burt, admitting
‘¢T said so then, the second time Mr. Lewis called me out,
“and renewed the subject of his marrying, I told him, I had
‘* been concerned about such a proposal, since our last conver
“sation: I said, I had thought upon that scripture, 1 Cor. vi.
‘* 16. and was persuaded there was not a female fit for his wife
“on the island; not one but what was a debauched character.
“‘ T likewise reproved him for going to Ahénoo, and sleeping

VOL. 1, K fF out

66 Otahettean Journals, |
<¢ out of our house. The last time Mr. Lewis called me aside,
«¢ was to ask me, if I was agreeable to perform the ceremony
‘© of marriage? to which I gave him a denial: afterwards, he
«© applied to brother Harris.”
Joun Eyre.”

‘© Mr. Lewis’s letter, as it relates to myself, [ am under the
‘«< disagreeable necessity of answering. Mr. Lewis admits of
‘¢ my remonstrating against his intended conduct, the which I
‘¢ did in the most pointed terms. Some of the expressions were
‘¢ as follow: * Since the time you spake to me, on the subject
<¢ of marriage, I have thought much upon it, and must be more
‘¢ plain now, than in a former conversation; for, laying aside
‘¢ our rule in the word for a moment, as men professing god-
‘* Jiness, I have noticed something shocking in the person you
<¢ told me was the object of your esteem.’ Mr. Lewis replied,
‘s 6 he didnot now mean her, he had done with her, he had seen
‘¢ evident marks of disease bréaking out in her body; but he
‘s had another in view at his friends’ house at Ahénoo, where he
“¢ was going to live; and asked me if I would marry him to
‘her?’ I did not answer I would not; but I am sure I gave
‘* him no reason at all to believe that I would, for I began very
‘« faithfully to deal with his conscience, by telling him the many
** serious consequences that might follow upon it, and begged
¢s him to leave the matter alone for awhile, as he could not
‘¢ possibly have formed a proper judgment of things, by only
‘* going there, sleeping at night, and returning again in the
‘© morning ; adding, ‘ But as you are determined to leave the
‘¢ brethren, and go and reside there wholly, you will be able
«* to see more about it in a few weeks. And as there are some
‘¢ against your going to live there, in the very midst of tempta-
‘¢ tion, and as many altercations have taken place, it is best
‘“ to take caution, and postpone all thoughts about marriage,
«© till we are in concert.’ A man of less sense than Mr. Lewis,
‘«¢ might have seen there was more implied than expressed. On
*‘ account of his voluntary nocturnal visits there were many
‘* rumours among the natives, and many thoughts of heart
“* among ourselves.”

Joun Harris.”

Sunday, dugust 12th.—A day of peace. Mr. Lewis at-
tended forenoon service.

August 18th.—God is gracious to us, a ray of hope now and
then darts through many dark clouds, and encourages us in
Our way.

| | Sunday,

from March 31, 17198, to the End of the same Year. 6%
- Sunday, dugust 19th.—Mr. Lewis attended forenoon sere

August 2\st.—Mr. Lewis at work for some of the great
people at the forge; he cohabits with a young woman of Ahénoo
as his wife. |

August 24th.—Intelligence was brought, that two vessels
were in sight; at first, it was disregarded, but we ‘soon had
ocular proof of its being true; they hove-to with their heads in
shore. ‘The vessels having English colours hoisted, we dis-
played ours. Brother Jetferson went in a double canoe on board
one of them. As soon as it was noised abroad, there were two
large ships coming, a general panic seized upon the natives
around us, and they began to carry their property of every kind
towards the mountains with the greatest expedition. The black~
smith took out of the shop every thing that. was portable, and
hasted with it inland. On our asking some of the natives the
cause of such proceedings, they informed us, they were afraid
the ships were English men of war, that were coming to de-
stroy their country, because the people of Opare had stripped
the brethren of their clothes. We assure them
their fears were groundless, and that no harm would be done
to any of them. ‘The ships being obliged to make two or three
tacks each in the bay, before they came to an anchor, afforded
a very pleasing sight to numbers of the natives, who were ad-
mitingly gazing at them. About half-past four they anchored.
By this time many natives were assembling towards point Venus,
from the inlands and Opare, &c. among others were, Otoo and
Tatooa-noce, Pomére and Edéa, Mannemanne, &c. &c. they
all kept at some distance from our habitation. Between five
and six, the two captains, with brother Jefferson, landed at the
house. As the boat approached the shore, the chiefs drew near,
and immediately on landing, the captains were introduced to
them. The captains, and some of the chiefs, with the brethren,
then retired to brother Eyre’s apartment, and after an hour and
a half’s conversation, they returned again to their vessels. The
king and queen came, while the captains were in brother Eyre’s
apartment, and shook hands with them through the window,
and behaved in a friendly manner towards them ; as indeed so did
all, no appearance of mistrust being on either side. The ships
were the Cornwall and Sally, of London, in the whale-fishery,
in these seas, last from Port Jackson, in about five or six weeks,
Both the ships were in good condition, and their crews in
health. Capt. Blyth, of the Cornwall, delivered us a very un-
expected, and welcome packet of letters from England, with a
quantity of magazines, newspapers and prints; also, from New

K 2 South

63 Otaheitean Journals,

South Wales, he brought us letters from brothers Cover, and
W. Puckey, as likewise brother Broomhall’s chest, which was
taken away in the Nautilus. We read all our letters, and re-
turned thanks to God for the present kind providence, and all
his mercies temporal and spiritual, to ys and his church at large.

August 25th.—Employed writing Ictters for England. Many
canoes, with provisions, went off to the vessels. Most of the
principal chiefs on board; Otoo paddled round them. Mr. Lewis,
with the young woman he calls his wife, went on board. All
bustle around us.

August 271th.—About eight o’clock, to our surprize, we saw
the ships getting under sail, which was quickly effected. The
Sally, Capt. Moores, stood away to the northward, and was
soon out of sight: the Cornwall kept plying offand on, waiting
for our letters, as captain Blyth sent to inform us. ‘The evening
the ships anchored, we were told their stay was uncertain; a
short letter was therefore prepared for the Directors; but after-
wards understanding that they would not sail for three or four
days, we this morning opened the public letter, to make some
enlargements to it, when the unexpected sailing of the vessels
was announced, and it was obliged to be closed in an imper-
fect state. An Otaheitean lad, having a desire to go in the
Cornwall, and Capt. Blyth being willing to take him under his
protection, he went on board in the boat. Capt. Blyth pre-
sented the socicty with a few bottles of gin, a few potatoes and
onions for seed, and a small bag of rice. We endeavoured to
prevail with Captains Blyth and Moores, to reccive into their
vesscls the two men left here by the Nautilus, and who were
disposed to quit the island, but as gheir complement of men
was complete, they could not do it. None of the men of either
of the ships were left behind,

The following is a copy of our letter, for the Directors of the
Missionary Society, dirccted to the ‘L'reasurer, Joscph
Hardcastle, Fsy :

‘© Dear Brother,
““ We yesterday received, by the ship
“* Cornwall, Capt. Blyth, who, in company with the Sally,
‘¢ Capt. Moores, on the whale fishery, in these seas, anchored
*< in Matavai bay, a letter from you and our dear brother, the Rev.
“Dr. Haweis, a letter from our dear brother the Rev. Mr. Kyre,
‘a letter from our dear brother, the Rev. Mr. Wilks, as also
‘* a quantity of magazines, newspapers and prints. ‘I'lie pre-
‘< sent was most unexpected and welcome, for which we
‘¢ humbly and heartily thank God. In compliance with your
. ** requcst,

from March 31, 1198, to the End of the same Year. 69
« request, we scnd you a few lines, beseeching you to-com-
‘ municate the same to all whom they may concern. Our
‘© journal, the duplicate of which 1s not compleated, nor can it
‘© be possibly done in the time the ship Cornwall will remain in
‘“‘ our port, we must defer sending, till it shall please the Lord,
‘‘ in his providence, to favour us with another opportunity. The
‘ number of missionaries originally landed on this island, by
“ Capt. Wilson, was reduced about five months since to seven
‘¢ men and one woman, the rest having quitted QOtaheite, and
‘¢ departed for Port Jackson, in New folland, where we hear,
“‘ by Captain Blyth, who came from there last, in a passage of
‘6 about five weeks, ney were safely landed and favourably re-
‘“ ceived. ‘Lhe steps which led to this separation, would take
‘‘ up a longer space of time to communicate to the Directors,
‘‘ than the present will allow ; the circumstances are recorded
‘in our journal, which shall be transmitted in due time. We
‘‘ apprehend, our brethren who lett us, have written to the
‘« Directors, and laid before them the causcs, and assigned their
‘¢ reasons for what has taken place. Since the division of the
‘* body of missionaries, situated on this island, we have enjoyed
‘ great outward peace among the inhabitants. Our time has
‘“* principally been engaged in Jabouring to acquire a knowledge
* of the language of the country, which we find all Europeans
“who ever visited Otaheite, have utterly mistaken, as to
“ spelling, pronunciation, case in learning, and the barrenness
“ of it. We have already joined some thousands of words,
“and we believe some thousands yct remain ; a knowledge cf
‘“‘ which we hope to attain, through the blessing of God. We
‘ endeavour to speak a little to the inhabitants, as occasion
‘* offers, on the one thing needful, but our ignorance of the
“ language will not suffer us to say much at present. About
‘‘ six or sevcn weeks ago Mr. ‘Mhomas Lewis left the society,
‘and went to reside by himself, im a part of the district, about
“ three miles distant from our house, and in a short time after
* formed a connection with a female of the island. We testified
our disapprobation of an union being formed between a chris~
‘© tian missionary and an unconverted heathen, as we had before
“ his departure trom us, and as the whole society had done on
‘a particular occasion, that occurred before the division took
“ place; but Mr. Lewis determining to persist, in opposition
* t) what we conceived to be the truth, as it is in Christ; we
conceived it our duty to pass the sentence of excommu-
‘ nication upon him. The whole of, our proceedings against
‘“ Mr. Thomas Lewis are recorded, and shall be transmitted by
‘ some succeeding vessel that may touch here.—Through the
‘* blessing of God we are all in good health, feel no want of
‘* any temporal blessing, and arg ‘not without some hopes, we

2 ** shall

10 Otahertean Journals,
‘‘ shall one day see fruits arise to the glory of the grace of God
‘‘ on this island. We rejoice to hear a spirit of unanimity and
‘‘ zeal, for propagating the knowledge of the Gospel of Jesus
‘¢ Christ, prevails among our dear brethren in England; may
<¢ it increase exceedingly ! The ship is now under weigh.

‘© We remain yours affectionately, &c.

_ JoHN JEFFERSON, (for the Society.)”

Matavar, Otaherte, ;
August 27, 1798.

August 30th.—While brothers Bicknell, Broomhall, Harris,
and Nott, were at dinner, Pomére entered their apartment, and
informed brother Broomhall there was a person blown up with
gunpowder, at the great house called Nanu, in Opare, and re-
quested him to go immediately with some medicine, and give
him that assistance he was able. As Pomére appeared very
anxious for brother Broomhall to use dispatch, he arose from
his dinner, and made the necessary preparations he judged the
case required ; and, accompanied by brother Harris, proceeded
in a canoe, towards the place with all expedition.

Sept. \st.—It is judged prudent that the two letters received
from brothers Cover, Henry, and W. Puckey, be \nserted jn
the journal.

The following is a copy of brothers Cover and Henry’s letter:

‘¢ Dear and beloved brethren,

*¢ Grace and peace be multi.

‘* plicd unto you, through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus
‘¢ Christ our Lordy by the eternal Spirit the Comforter, who
<< is promised to abide with us for ever. We hope, these lines
“« (if they should reach your hands) will find you all in good
‘‘ health of body, and peace of mind, striving together for the
‘«< faith of the gospel, uniting in strenuous efforts to advance the
‘‘ kingdom of Christ among the heathen, where the divine
‘‘ providence has cast you, and to promote his glory in their
‘salvation. O that we knew what to say to you, that might,
‘¢ under God, warm your hearts, excite your zeal, and animate
‘‘ your souls in this blessed work ! We cannot, as yet, present
«“ you with such an account of our own exertions and success,
‘¢ since our alrival here, as is calculated to excite your emula-
** tion; but we can give you a detail of circumstances, which,
“< we think, you will consider a ground, if not to believe, at
‘« least to hope, that we have not been brought here in vain, or
‘* for nought, as it respects the grand object of our mission:
‘6 VIZ,

from March 31, 17198, to the End of the same Year. ‘7%
«« viz, Jo advance the kingdom of the great Redeemer among
“¢ men, especially heathen. Waving the recital of the circum-
<« stances of our voyage (of which we expect you will have a
‘¢ minute detail from some of the brethren here) we proceed to
‘«¢ mention some of those to which we have alluded. Aftera
“‘ safe, but rather disagreeable passage, we anchored in Sydney
«© Cove, the 14th May, where we soon received necessary and
«< much desired refreshments, and experienced a specimen of
‘¢ the kindness and hospitality of the inhabitants. Immediately
‘© after we had anchored, the officers on board the Supply, one
‘© of his majesty’s ships, stationed here, sent half a dozen of
‘¢ wine (scarce and dear as that article then was) on board, for
‘© the women, which was thankfully received. Governor
‘© Hunter, the next day, sent us a very desirable present, con-
“‘ sisting of a turkey, three ducks, &c. and renewed his kind-
“ ness the day following, by another present, informing us,
‘¢ that he would have us accommodated with houses, that we
‘“ might be relieved from the inconveniencies we laboured
« under, in the little bark, which he honourably did, granting
“us more indulgences than we could possibly expect, allowing
s¢ us provisions from the store, like the freemen and officers of
‘¢ the colony. The evening we arrived, we were informed,
‘¢ that the Rev. Mr. Johnson was then very il, and had for a
‘«« long time, from a weak and consumptive habit of body, not
‘© been able to perform the duties of his ministerial function,
“ and that there was but one other minister, a Mr. Marsden,
‘“ then residing at Parramatta, to attend all the settlements in
‘the colony. At this information (we.the undersigned) were
‘¢ much affected, considering it providential that we were brought
‘ here, seeing there was evidently much need of us in the place.
“ We then considered it our duty to acquaint Mr. Johnson of
‘© our arrival, and also to offer him our services in the ministry,
« which we did the next morning by letter, to which we soon
‘“‘ received a very friendly and encouraging answer, informing
“us he would willingly do all in his power, to encourage such
‘“¢ persons as us, in a wicked colony where sin and intyuity did so
‘© much abound, and requesting us to visit him as soon as we could
«© make it convenient, he not being able to cometo us. ‘This we
‘¢ accordingly did, and were very kindly received by him and Mrs.
‘¢ Johnson, whom we, after some conversation, were happy to
‘¢ find, were people that loved our Lord Jesus Christ in since~
“rity, and earnestly desired the prosperity of his kingdom:
“¢ they very kindly invited us and our wives to stay with them,
‘© and make their house and table our own, &c. &c. ‘The
““ next day we were introduced to the governor, who received
“‘ us with great kindness, and treated us with much respect,
“* inviting us to dine with him that day, which invitation we

, ‘* accepted,

712 Otaheitean Journals, :
“© accepted. These circumstances wore a very agreeable aspect,
«< and gave us expectations of having an immediate opportunity
‘¢ of sounding the trumpet of jubilee among the captives ; and
‘< our expectations were heightened, by the friendly behaviour
«< of Mr. Marsden towards us, in coming to see us on board,
«¢ and inviting us to his house at Parramatta ; and the governor
‘© told us, that we were at liberty to open a place of worship
‘¢ in any part of the colony, and preach where and how we
«“ pleased. And, moreover, the governor has since purchased
‘‘ a large room in Sydney, from the officers, which they had
‘© for a billiard room, for the purpose of a school (which we
‘* intend to keep) and has given us liberty to fit it up for a
‘¢ chapel also, and we have reason to hope it will be attended,
‘© from the kind disposition the officers and other gentlemen
«© manifested towards us: But this is speaking after the manner
‘ of men, it is God only that can incline their hearts to at-
«‘ tend, and make the preaching of the cross his power unto
ss their salvation. And, oh! if a work of conversion should
«* take place among the people here, and the gospel be establish-
«© ed, what a blessing would it be, not only to the colony at
«¢ large, but also to the barbarous, rude, and uncultivated na-
<< tives, whose deplorableness surpasses description; many of
«¢ ‘them who frequent the towns are considerably civilized, and
<< can speak tolerable English, from whom we expect to get a
<< vocabulary of the language, and through whose medium we
‘© hope shortly to be able to do something towards their own
‘¢ instruction, and the instruction of other natives; and for our
«© success we hope your prayers will not be wanting, but that
«* you will earnestly supplicate the divine blessing upon our en-
“‘ deavours, as we can assure you we constantly do on yours,
«« Before we close this epistle, we cannot but mention, as we
«« did before our departure from you, the inconsistency of your
«¢ letter to the Directors, with your own confessions, and the
«« conduct of some of you. Did not some of you acknowledge
‘© that had you an opportunity of going to Port Jackson, since
“the Duff's departure, you wou!d willingly embrace it? And
«© yet what a spirit of selt-sufhcicncy does your letter breathe;
‘* yea, and we might add pride too! And how does it reflect
upon us, though not directly, yet indirectly, for leaving
* Otaheite, though you all declared, that you thought it the
‘© duty of the married people to embrace the opportunity which
«© Providence afforded them, of going to Port Jackson. Now
*« had you acted consistent with this confession, you would
‘«* have expressed in your letter, your approbation of our con-
« duct in so doing (we mean the married people, for we do
*‘ not speak of the others) and have mentioned some of the
* circumstances at least, which occasioned ow departure. a
‘© wou

From March 31, 1198, to the End of the same Fear. 3
«« would conclude this point by saying, what we have told you
‘¢ before, namely, that we do not think that all who signed the
«¢ letter read it, Or properly examined its contents. We con-
« clude with our best wishes for your prosperity, hoping that
« you will, on every occasion, act consistently with your high
‘«‘ vocation, and be assured, it will give us great satisfaction,
‘to keep up a communication between Port Jackson and Ota-
‘¢ heite. Our wives join with us in christian love and respects
¢¢ to you all, and we remain,
‘«« Dear brethren, yours, &c,
‘I. F. Cover.
| “ Wh. Henry.”
The letter referred to by brothers Cover and Henry, was twice
read to the society, before signing ; no material objections were
made to any part of it. It was also read once to brother Cover,
prior to its being delivered to him, and at the time it was read
to him, he said, Ae saw nothing in it exceptionable. The bre-
thren embarked on board the Nautilus, about sun-set on Thurs-
day evening, March 28th, and the vessel did not sail till the
Saturday morning following, during which space of time there
was not any word sent to us, a: the disapprobation of
the brethren on board, to the letter; nor did the brethren who
were on shore, on Friday morning, speak a word on the subject
of the letter. Whatever conversation passed between Mr. Lewis
and the brethren, on the Friday night, when he went on board
the Nautilus, to communicate our determination respecting
brother Broomhall, we are ignorant of: Mr. Lewis never in-
formed us of any of those sentences of disapprobation, men-
tioned by brothers Cover and Henry, which if commissioned
to do, we believe he would have done it; though Mr. Lewis
did make mention of a great dissatisfaction prevailing among
the brethren, on account of the letter, but nothing of particu-
lars. The faults of self-sufficiency and pride, with which it is
charged, so far as we are guilty therein, we pray the Lord to
pardon us. Brother Jefferson said, at one of the public meet-
ings, held at the time when quitting Otaheite was moved, he
had endured many temptations in time past upon the matter,
but he considered, was he to yield to the temptation, he should
be ina similar situation with Jonah, and expect a signal display
of God’s anger. ‘Though one or two of the brethren might
justify a removal from Otaheite to a neighbouring island, less
inhabited, or uninhabited, or even to Port Jackson ; yet such a
charge cannot be fixed upon ad/ of us. It was declared quit-
ting this island, and going to Port Jackson, was giving up the
mission in these seas. ‘Che confusion that prevailed around,
VOL. I, L and

"14: Otahertean Journals,
and the perplexity of our minds at the time of the division taking
place, prevented us from entering into any of those circum-
stances which were the apparent causes of the separation.
Brother W. Puckey’s letter to the society was as under:
‘¢ Dear Brethren in the Lord,
| a - &* With a mixture of love and
‘¢ sorrow I now write unto you, trusting that things bear a more
‘* favourable aspect with you than when [ left you. ‘Ine Lord
<¢ has scattered us (andas it were) likesheep withouta shepherd;
‘but I trust, behind this frowning providence he will show a
‘¢ smiling face. The Lord’s ways are very mysterious, and he
‘¢ will be glorified by all his creatures. Notwithstanding cur
«© favourable hopes of the mission, and comfortable situation at
‘© Otaheite, God has separated us: And now things in my
<“* view evidence for themselves, that it was for his own glory ;
‘¢ yet I have cast many bitter reflections on myself, knowing
‘¢ that I had a superior knowledge of the language to what
‘© many of my brethren had, and I know that my departure did
‘“ not meet with the general approbation, but I can assure you,
«« my dear brethren, that I hope I had pure motives in leaving
‘¢ the island for a season. And when I come to reflect on my
< perilous situation, and the many temptations my weakness
<¢ would unavoidably be exposed to, I think, for the sake of
“the glory of God, I am justifiable in what I have done.
«* Dear brethren, I have the greatest respect for you all, neither
‘¢ do I bear the least disréspect for the poor natives, for the ill
‘* treatment they gave me; but, on the other hand, I wish you
‘‘ may be madegnstrumental, under God, for the salvation of
‘«‘ their souls. I have often thought what a hurry and confu-
‘© sion we left you in, and what fear possessed us; which,
‘© perhaps, 7n some measure, might be unnecessary. In
«¢ heaving up our anchor the cable broke, and a fresh breeze
‘< sprang up, and then with sorrow and confusion I left the
‘> fayoured island. We intended to call at the Friendly Islands,
“but the captain being ill we pursued our voyage for Port
“¢ Jackson. We saw all the Society Islands, and Wytutaka,
‘* a very beautiful island. Saw Nortolk’s Island, and four days
“after a dreadful gale took us, and we very narrowly escaped
‘* being wrecked, on a reef near Lord Howe’s Island. We ar-
*¢ rived at Port Jackson the 12th of May, met with a very fa-
‘* vourable reception from the governor and all the gentlemen;
“ the former wished us to become settlers, and form a litde
‘* township together, which for many reasons and inconvenien-
“* cies cannot be done at present. Messrs. Cover and Henry
** intend to keep a school, and have free liberty to preach any
: Seen ee OY OO ee) “© where.