A dictionary of the Grebo language.

Material Information

A dictionary of the Grebo language.
Payne, John, 1815-1874
Place of Publication:
New York
Edward O. Jenkins
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
100 p.


Subjects / Keywords:
Grebo language -- Dictionaries ( LCSH )
Spatial Coverage:
Africa -- Liberia
Africa -- Côte d'Ivoire
6.5 x -9.5
8 x -5


General Note:
VIAF (Name Authority) : Payne, John, 1815-1874 URI :

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS University of London
Holding Location:
Archives and Special Collections
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
415271 ( ALEPH )
656617476 ( OCLC )
EB86.629 /168525 ( soas classmark )


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_ Sound of Vowels,
& pronounced as in father! i pronounced as in ravine
4 6s “hat Y rT) “pin
9 f Ct 6 all oO “ tt no
© or they |6 g & “not
r é “6 “met u “ “ rule
tl ag. “ “ but
é ai pronounced as i in pine, /
‘ au « —. © ow in now,
iu “6 “ u in pure,
Sound of Consonants.
G always hard as in go, y is used 1s a consonant as in
¢. yard; ch is pronounced as in church; bw, gm, gmw,
hml, kb, kbw, kp, kpw, mw, and ny, are combinations
which have no representatives in English pronunciation. |
x Hm and hn at the beginning of words, and nh at the
end, represent the nasal sound.

Albena. -
Tux Grebo people inhabit the West Coast of Africa
_about Cape Palmas, in lat, 4° north, Like the Tribes
gencrally ‘n this region, they have come from the Interior
at a comparatively recent date. Of this no bottor proof is
needed than the current tradition that 1 Kobo Kai
(foreign house)—ano doubt Portuguese slave factory—was
found at Cape Palmas when the Greboes made their first
settlement there.

It does not appear, however, that the Greboes camo
directly to this place in their emigration from the north,
Their ‘earliest home near the coast was in the rear of
Bereby, sixty miles below. Ilere, after becorait.% too
numcrous for comfort in their narrow territory, a portion
of the tribe determined to embark in canocs on the
ocean, and scek a new home towards the west. As, how-
ever, the movement was opposed by a majority, it was
necessary to make preparation for it in secret, and to em-
bark at night. In doing this a number of the canocs
capsized, aud the people in them were left. These were
called Worébo or the capsized, from woré, to capsize.
Those who launched successfully bounding over the waves,
took the name Grebo from the monkey gré or gr?.


Proceeding up the coast the Greboes landed in de-
tachod parties in the country now inhabited by the
Baboes below the Cavalla River, and at.Cavalla and Capo
Palmas above. The towns built at this time seem to
have been small and temporary. The Greboes continued
their migration up the coast as far as Grand Sestros,
forty miles above Cape Palmas, At length directed by
an oracle, the scattered fragments of the Tribe collected
and built a large town, on Cape Palmas, called Dreine, or

These migrations of the Grebocs, account for the
affinity of their language with those of the tribes along
tho coast between Cape Palmas and Sinoe ninety miles
to the north-west. At Grand Sestros, indeed, are to be
found large branches of Grebo families, and the dialects

‘ along all this portion of the coast are so much alike, that
the people readily converse with cach other, The re-
semblanco is continued and increased by constant inter--

It is from this part of the coast that the Avroomen or
native African seamen are obtained in greatest numbers.
The term vroo is a forcign corruption of Jtravh, the
name of the tribe at and near Settra Aroo, seventy-five
miles above Cape Palmas, The A‘foo people were the
first to go to sea, and as other Tribes have followed their
example, the name Avoomen has been extended to them.
It is now synonymous with seamen.

Of this class, the Greboes at present furnish a larger
number in proportion to their population than any other
Tribe. They are to be found in permanent or temporary
communities at Fernando Po, a thousand miles below
Cape Palmas, at Monrovia and Sierra Leone two hun-
dred and fifty and four hundred miles above, at other
convenient shipping places and factories, as well as on

board of scores of trading vesscls and mcn-of-war, They
arc, moreover, active traders themselves, doing for
foreigners a considerable commission business with the
people of the interior bordering on their own territory.

The proper Grebo population including those at home
and abroad, does not probably much exceed forty thou-
sand; but with that of kindred tribes referred to, it is at
least one hundred and fifty thousand. Tow far the
Grebo may supersedo similar dialects cannot be foreseen ;
nor is it ascertained at present to what extent it may be
used as the medium of communicating religious instruc-
tions in those dialects. But its affinity with these, and its
value for instructing those who speak it, make it well worth,
the labor required to have added it to the number of writ.
ten languages, while tho character and position of the
Greboces themselves—now being gradually brought under
the influence of Christianity, through tho efforts of the
Episcopal Mission at Cape Palmas—would seein to’
designate them as a part of God’s chosen instrumentality
for spreading the Gospel and developing lawful commerce
in Western Africa,

The following collection of wogds has been mado
during a connection of twventy-19 years with tho
Episcopal Mission at Cape Palas, Its publication has
been delayed partly by a press of dutics which left com-
paratively little time for such work, and partly from tho
conviction that a good degree of familiarity with a
language is essential to any reliable vocabulary of it... It
is still incomplete; but so far as it goes it may bo relied
upon as correct.

The system of orthography adopted, is that recom-
mended by Pickering for reducing the Indian languages
to writing. It was inaugurated by the Rev. J. L.
Wilson, late of the A. B. C. F. M., who during his


residence at Cape Palmas, devoted considerable attention
to reducing the Grebo dialect to writing. The diacritical
marks used donotaccurately designate all the vowel sounds
in the language. But it was deemed inexpedient further
to encumber the words; especially as there aro many
shades of sound and intonation, only to be apprehended
in a thorough acquaintance with the spoken language.

" A.

A, pr. we, our.

Adui, pr. ourselves.

Ab, pr. ye, your. .

-~ Ahdui, pr. yourselves.

Ahmonh, pr. you.

Ahmu, pr. ye. ‘

Abnyebwetu, pr. yourselves. ‘

Ahwio. A word of salutation in the plural number;
also, an expression of thankfuiness on recciving
a. gift or act of kindness.

Ake, (Eng.) n. ark.

Amo, pr. us,

Amu, pr. we.

Aua, (Zng.) n. hour.

Awi, adv. yes,


A, pr. he, she, his, her. ;

Abe, pl. ohbe, pr. other.

Ada, pl. ohde and wade, pr. such, one such,


Adui, pl. ohdui and wadui, pr. himself, herself.

Alta, pl. alte, (Zng.) n. altar.

Ah, sign of possessive case. .

B, sign of potential mood, e.g. “be,” “I must; “ba,”
. ‘he must.”
~ Ba, adj, maimed.

Baa, 7. namesake.

Bande, n. namesake's mother.

Babe, n. a bier.

Babo, pl. babe, n. branch.
‘~Babid, pl, babioh, ». maimed person.

Ba, p. bada, v. to catch with a hook, .

Badé, pl. bade, n. key, chain.

Bae, pl. bitto, n. fellow, companion.

Bae, n. burial, eg. “oh kba n& bae,” “Thoy have

taken him to burial.”

Bahea, n. a. whitish clay used in casting rings, etc.

Baible (Zng.) n. Bible.

-Baka, adv. much, greatly.

Bama, conj. or.

Banh, conj. or.

Banh, pl. benh, n. tail.

Banhe, ». ambush,

Banh, p. banhda, v. to be deaf.

Banh-tu-yi, p. banhda, v. to hang.

Ba-plénh, pl. ba-plenh, nm. @. a reddish rat, living

chiefly in the woods,

Baro, pl. bare, n. a fresh water fish, one foot long,
light body with dark back.
Basowaie, pl. basewa, n. sea fish about two feet long.
Bata, p. batada, v. to spoil, to pollute.
Bata, p. batada, v. to be. foolish.
Batio, intj. “attend ye; let us keep silence!” used
when a public speaker begias an address,
Bati, intj. response to the above by the peuple, equiva-
lent to, “ we assent ; we attend; we keep silence,”
Bato, s. & pl. n. an animal about the size of a goat.
Batyo, pl. batye, n. a small yellowish snake, four feet
long and venomous.
Ba-yé, p. bada-ys, v. to stand or be aside, apart, or
alone, to hide. 2 1
Ba-yiwa. Phrase used at the end of an adress, equi-
valent to: I wish you well; may you prosper.
- Ba-yi-td, n. pestilence causing deafness. 4% : .
Ba, p. bida, v. to let, to permit.
- Bade, p. bideda, v. to be last. - ~
Bade-ni-yi, p. bideda, ». to rebuke by a look.
Bido, pl. bide, adj. young. !
Bidimlimle, n. fat of sheep or goats. /
¢Bade-li-nd, p. badeda-li-né, v, to come or be last,—*
~ Bade-na, p. bideda-né, v. to come bebind.
» Bad, pl. bie, n. mug.
Banh, n. collection of farms or cultivated land.
Bay6é, pl. ba, a ring.
Biime, (Zng.) n. balm,
Biptaise, (Hng.) p. biptaiseda, v. to baptize,
Béptisém, (4nz.) n. baptism. °
Be, I know not. . .
Be, pr. other, whatever, any, what. (@c ¥ ate |.


Be, adj. male, Gr."

Be, p. beda, v. to spring or leap as a monkey,

Be, p. beda, v. to knock, to beat asin making an
earthen floor.

*Be-bowd, p. beda-bowé, v. to invoke.

' Be, n. contraction of “ beyn =“ friend.” (manner,
Bebe-yé, p. bebeda-yé, v. to beckon in a forbidding

. Beble-yd, p. bebleda-yé, v. to strike against ; come in

contact with.
Boblé-ni, p. bebléda-né, v. to fecl about; to feol
after, as in the dark,

+ Bebe-ké-nd, ». bebeda-ké-nf, v. to press down,

*Bebu, pl. bebuno, x. brother, male relative.

~ Bede, p. bededa, ¥ to pray.

~~ Bede-winh, 7. prayer.

Bede, p. bededa, v. to cheat.

Bedine, adv. perhaps.

Bedébe, pr.. whatever.

Bedi, ». controversy.

Bedi-poa, pl.. bedi-pooh, n. counsellor, lawyer.
Bee, adj. interior.

- Bee-pe, pl. bee-w6, n. inhabitant of the interior.
Behanh-behinh, adj. eight. [ant,
Be-kbunh-y3, pl. be-kbunh, n. a species of large red
Be-tade, p. beda-tade, v. to cluck in contempt or
Bouro, n. the interior, [defiance.
Be-yd, p. beda-yé, v. to knock against any thing.
BeySkburu, pi. beyf-kburi, ». the great toe.

Beyé, pl. beya, n. the beetle in the grub or larva
state. It is eaten by the natives,

Beyé-konh, pl. bey’-kwenh, n. toe-nail.

Beyé-kiyd, pl. beya-kiye, n. heel.

Beyf, pl. bébo, n. captain, oh gyee™
Beya, pl. be, adj, male. we
Beyu, pl. beyabo, n. friend. e:
Beya, adj. barren, .
Beya-yaa, pl. beyd-yaoh, n. a barren person.
Bé, n. slime; also, a white clay of which water-pots
are made,
Bé-bidié, pl. be-bidi, n. slime pit.
Bébaka, adv. wickedly, fiercely. |
Bé, p. béda, v. to be large, fierce, savage, bold.
Bé, p. béda, v. to cut as timber. (sugar.
Bo, p. béda, v. to taste; to suck, as juicy fruit or
Béde, pl. beds, (Lng.) v. bed.
Beédika, 2. shrub or herb, used for witchcraft, and
supposed to cause sudden death. _
Béde-ké, p. bédeda-k¢, v. to pass on the other side,
Béde, p. bédeda, v. to pass by or across one's way. |
Béde, . badeda, v, to beg, to bescech.. "
Béde-nya, p. bédeda-nya, v. to meet. -
Béka, adv. boldly, fiercely.
Békbenh, adj. very large.
Bé-ma, p. béda-mi, v. to be alone. -
Bémoad, pl. bémoaoh, n, potter.
Béwd, s. & pl. a grey animal with white spots, larger
than a cat; feeds on crabs, palm nuts, ete.
Bé-tid, p. béda-tid, v. to pass through; cut in two.
Bi, p. bida, v. to beat, to fall, or goin; to play on
an instrument.
Bibidd, pl. bibide, n. music, or musical instruments, -
Bibli-yind, p, biblida-yind, v, to gather together.
Bididé, pl. bidide, n. a scourge. |
Bide, ». bideda, v. to fall, to enter. . |

Â¥Bide, p. bidade, v. to fail ina purpose; to have ill
Bide-nf, p. bidade-né, v. to mistake, as in music or
Bidid, pi. bidi, n. a cave, pit, deep, abyss, gulf.
Bidi-k6, pl. bidida-ké, v. to increase, add to, join;
sometimes “ bi-ké,”
p Bidd, adj, grocn.
Bi-fro, p. bida-fro, v. to whistle.
Bi-lu, p. bida-lu, v. to come upon,
Bi-ni, p. bida-ni, v. to bathe.
Bisi, p. bisida, v. to thank, to salute,
* Besida, », thanks, salutation,
Bi-yi-ké, p. bida-yi-ké, n. to fall into a trance; to
have a vision.
Biyo, prep. into, under.
Biy6é, adj. every, all.
Bible-ké-na, p. biblida-ké-nf, v, to increase.
Bidu, n. mire, mud.
Bla (sometimes bra), 2. rice.
Blablo, pl. blable, n. a fresh water fish, about six
inches long; bluish color.
Blafo, n. flattery. <
Blafa, pl. blafoh, n. flatterer, clown,
Bla-ha, pl. blahe, x. nine “ hawe,” or bundles of rice
Blakwenh, n. rice in the chaff.
Bli, pl. ble, n. bag, sack, a
“ Blabld, pl. blitble, n. sheep. 9 (fee tenc rr.
‘Blabls-yu, pl. blible-iru, n. lamb;
‘Bliblé-buru, pl. blible-buri, 2, sheepfold.
Blablekba, n. owe.
Bliblebe, n. ram.

Ble, p. bleda, v. to sing, to fall, to carry or hold on
the head.
Ble, p. bleda, v. to be quiet, to be settled, « g. ' pla
ble ne,” “heart is glad or settled.”
Blebwi, pl. blebwe, n. boat. —-
Bleble, adv. softly.
Blede, p. blededa, v. to limp.
alee, adj. soft, as hair.
Blekebleke, adj. feeble in body and voice,
Ble-briinh, pi. ble-branhe, 2. organ, musical-box.
Ble-na, p. bleda-né, v. to fall off,
Ble-pai, pl. ble-paoh, n. bridegroom,
Blé-ni, p. blada-nd, v. to drive away.
Bl&se, p. bléseda, v. (Zng.) to bless.
Bléseda, n. (Eng.) blessing,
Bléde-yé, p. blédeda-yé, v. ought to.
Bléde-yd, p. bléda-yé, wv, to fit, to be suitable to,
Bléde-mf, p. blédeda-ma, v. to follow in order; come
next after,
Blédekayé, adv. properly, next in succession or excel.
Bl&blo, pl. bléble, x. dark sca bird of the gull family,
‘Bii, pl. ble, x. country, home.
Blipe, pl. bliwé, n. countryman, native. ,
Blidi, ». quarrel, palavir.
Blie, p. blieda, v. to reel, to stagger.
Bli-kwa, p. blida-kwa, v. ‘to hold.
'_Bili-yé, p. blida-yé, v. to lose. °
Bhi, pl. bllé, . bullock. —
Bllikba, pl. bilékbe, 2. cow.
Bllibeyd, pi. bllébe, n. a bull.
Blliyu, pl. bilgiru, n. calf.


Bllibido, pl. blidbido, n. yearling.

Bld, pl. ble, ». specics of frog, of dark blue color.

Blu, n. slime.

‘Bo, pl. be, n. fool.

- Bo, p. boda, v. to be a fool.

Boa, p. boada, v. to be large.

Boakbenh, adj. very large. ;

Boaro, p. boare, n. a species of hard timber of which,
boards are made.

" Boa-yi, p. boade-yi, v. to be great, exalted, magnified.
Boade, p. bonadeda, v. to be competent to.
Woae-winh-né and wond, p. boaeda-winh-né, v. to an-

swer saucily.
Boa, pl. boinh, ». thicket, clump of bushes.
Boi, pl. boiino and boitbo, x. father-in-law.
Boa, pl. booh, n. fool. ;

‘ Boboka, adv. foolishly.

Bobo-te, n. foolish things.
Bobo-kodu, pl. bobo-kodia, n. a fly, co called, because
it is easily taken. |
Boboa, n. size, largeness,
Robsnh-nf, p. bobtnhda-nd, v. to scatter, disperse,
break up, (also spelled “ bobwS" and “kbokbs.”) ?

Bobra, n. redemption.

Bobrée, pl. bebrde, n. ancle. 2
Bodo, pl. bodi, n. the shoot containing fruit, of the

palm, plantain, &c,

Boe, p. boeda, v. to deceive,

Bo-ké-né-tudé, pl. be-ké-na-tudé, n. footstool. e
Bonh, n. fine red cotton cloth, called by natives taffety.
Bonh, n. proof, ;

. Bonh-na-podé, n. testimony, proof, illustration.


Bopopla, pl. bepiple, n. foot. |

Bosuwa, pl. bosuwe, n. a small animal of the squirrel

Botro, n. (Zng.) butter.

Botyu, pl. botye, n. hog.

Botyu-kodu, pl. botye-kodia, n. a fly that is very
troublesome to hogs.

Bo-tuda, pl. be-tuda, n. foundation,

Bou, pl. bwia, n. billhook. @

Boutudu, pl. bwitidi, n.‘basket used for carrying bill- *
hooks. '

Bowaré, p. bowaréda, v. to stagger.

Bowé, n. invocation.

Bowodé, n. amazement. —

Boya-beya, pl. boya-be, n. a boar.

Boya-kba, pl. boya-kbe, 7. a sow.

Bé, p. bdda, v. to stop, cease, hinder. — ,’ ’

Bonh, pi. benh, n. floor, deck.

Bonhbonh, adj. very red.

Brad, pl. braoh, n. redecmer..

Brabo, n. an association of middle-aged women.

Bra, p. brada, v. to open.

Brakado-nf@, p. brakadadonf, v, to throw off allogl-
ance, to rebel. .

Bra-ya-mi, p. brada-ya-mf, v. to loose, to let out as a
fishing line—hence, to bear with, to allow in,

Briinh, pl. brenh, n. box, chest. |

Branh-kwa, pl. briinh-kwe, n. chest-lock.

Bré, p. brada, v. to redeem.

Brede-kudi, p. brededa-kudi, v. to embrace.

Bré-ni, p. brada-ni, v. to arrange in rows, to spread out,

Bro, n. carth, ground.


Bro-pudu, 2. a plain.

Bro-ah-dichnihnié, n. earthquake.

Brd, pl. brd, n. foreskin.

Brubwi-né, pl. brubwida-na, v. to be round.

Bua, pl. bui, n. fresh water-fish, six to eight inches
long, body whitish, with brown stripes on the back.

Bua, pi. bui, n. fruit.

Buanh, n. dunghill.

Bufinyea, adv. without the house.

Bubli, y. bublida, v. to be crowded together so as to
prevent passing; also, to break forth, or rush by
_ with violence.

Bublida, n. a breach.

Bubu, n. a garner.

Bubwiyé, pl. bubwi, n. rib.

Bubwi-kranh, pl. bubwi-krenh, n. rib.

Bubwi-waa, n. side of the chest.

Bubwi, pl. bubwe, n. a spotted animal, size of a dog.

Bubudé, pl. bubude, x. lump or protuberance.

Buda, pl. budi, n. species of crab living on the sea-
shore—very small.

Budeda, n. joint.

Budi, p. budida, v. to be moved by some great calamity.

Budi-lu-ni, p. budid-lu-n4, v. to cover.

Budede-kudi, p. budedade-kudi, v. to embrace.

Bude, p. budeda, v. to go aside in order to avoid

Bade-ko, p. budeda-ké, v. to turn over on the side, as a
canoe or vessel.

Budee, ». India Rubber tree.

Budu, n. palm cabbage.

Buenh, n. (s. and pi.) fig.


Buenh-tu, pi. buenh-ti, x. fig-tree. .

Bui, n. fruit. | . ae

Bui-mé-nf, pl, buda-mi-nd, v. to woo, to entreat, to -
strive with. | . .

Bui, pl. bui, n. a species of alligator, two fect long,
black color—lives in marshes,

Buuh-na, ». apple of the eye.

Buna, n. direction.

Buo, pl. buono and buno, x, father.

Buru, pl. buri, 2. chamber.

Buye, p. buyeda, v. to trouble oneself.

Binanh, s. and p. n. the gazelle, called by natives

Burlt, n. antelope. . [king of animals,

Buténd, pl. biitsne, n. a species of bat, measuring
from two to three feet from tip to tip of the wings.

Bwaide, p. bwaidade, v. to be opposite to; also, to fel,
to recognize, to spy out, =

Bwede, prep. between.

Bwede, adj. second, twice.

Bwedeba, pl. bwedebe, n, ladder, stairs.

Bwebe, pl. bwebo, virgin, young single woman.

Bwebwi-ni, p. bwebwida-na, v. to shake the head in
disapprobation, denial, or contempt.

Bwedabwi, pl. blwedabwi, n. a small fishing bird,
dark back and wings, and light breast.

Bwei, n. wash-basin, (used by the Cape Palmas people.)

Bwete-bwete, adv. one, only. |

Bwete, s. & p. n. a bird which lives on palm-nuts, has
a black body and white breast. .

Bwéde, p. bwédeda, v. to be towards an object.

Bwé, p. bwéda, v. to set as a trap.

Bwi, p. bwida, v. to wander.


Bwide, pl. bwidi, n. bracelet.

Bwise, ». bwiseda, v. to hold, as an axe ready to strike

Bwiyd, p. bwiyéda, v. to worry, to trouble. [with-

Bwi, adj. small.

Bwida-kuu, pl. bwida-kui, n. a bird of a greenish
color, crowned head, size of the common fowl:
probably of the peacock family.

Bwida-sanh, pl. bwida-senh, n. specics of rice bird—
black with yellow neck.

Bwida-bedi, pl. bwida-bede, n. male bird of the sanh,

Bwised, pl. bwiseoh, n. traitor.

The words below, in books heretofore published, began
: with ty, and kty.

Cha, n. jealousy.

Chaka, adv. jealously.

Cha, p. chana, v. to express or squeeze, as in mak-
ing palm butter.

Chiredte, n. (Zng.) chariot.

Chéi, adv. much; very. much.

Che, n. (Zng.) chain.

Cheyé and chéché, par. n. cutting, reaping.

Chéi, pl. chéoh, n. cutter; reaper.

Chébwe-yind, ». choboda-yin4, v. to blend; to mix.

Chébe, ». band of music.

“Ché, n. gall.

Chéda, n. pasture.

Ché-wode-na, p. chiida-wode-ni, v. to undress; to strip.

Ché-winhe, p. chéda-winhe, v. to talk sportively or

Ché-wora, p. chéda-wora, v. to make or sing songs.


Ché-wiyé, adj. greedy.

Cho, adj. ripe.

Chondyeya, adj. rough; uneven.

Chowanh, p. chowanhna, v. to knead.

Cho, n. game, like casting lots.

Chiibo, ». chiibe, n. portion of food.

Chie, x. (Hng.) church.

Chiie-kai, pl. chite-kiya, n. a church building.

D. "

Da, adj. old.

Daa, n. famine; drought.

Dabadaba, pl, dabedabe, n, duck.

Dabadaba, n. pestilence causing violent pain in the
back and affecting the throat, so as to cause a pe-
culiar sound, similar to that made by a duck.

Dabi-bwi, pl. dibi-buwi, n. a sea-fish, one foot long,
and very broad in proportion.

Daba, n. strange country; visit.

Dabwé, pl. dabwe, 7. stranger ; visitor.

Dadekba, pl. dadekbe, n. parable.

Daka, adj. old. )

Dako, pl. dakic, ». nation.

Dakéua-honinh, pl. dakéna-honenh, n. moth.

Dalu, n. upper gum.

Da-wora, n. interpretation.

Da-la-kina, pl. dala-kine, n. a yellow insect, which
has the property of forming threads within itself,
passing them out through a hole in the back,
and thus making a sort of web like the spider,

Da, p. dida, v. to plant.

Da, adj. blind.


Df, pr. that one. .

D4, pl. dino and dibo, n. mothor-in-law.

Da, adj. different.

Dia, pl. ddoh, n. a blind person.

Dida, adj. different.

Dimianh, p/, dimienh, 2. gate.

Diro, pl. daré, n. cloth.

Diro-pli, pl. dire-pli, 2. white cloth.

Dikai (abbreviation of “ diiro-kai”) n. umbrella.

De, adv. there.

De, pl. deno, n. nother.

Dede, adj. considerable.

Dedi, adj. not a great many.

Dedeka, adv. for some time.

Deke-deke, adv. hereafter.

Demos, n. (8. and p.) species of palm.

Demé, n. (s. and p.) fibres of demo& used in weav-
ing cloth.

De-u, n. a stringed instrument.

Deyii, pl. deyibo, n. doctor, demon-man,

Dé and débe, pr. what.

Dé, adv. here.

Dé, pl. de, n. something. .

Dé, ». dada, v. to call.

Dé, adj. some. |

Diba, n. desert; also, deserted place.

Débwi, adj. little,

Dobré-ni, p, dabrada-na, v. to stagger.

Dée, (Hng.) n. deck,

Dos, tnéer. pr. what.

Déné, pl. dene, pr. what, that which.

-Di, p. dida, v. to eat, to come.

Dibade, ». food.
Dib4, pl. dibwi, n. sen-turtle.
Dibo, pl. dibwi, n. island.
Dible, pl. dibli, x, kingdom.
Didedé, pl. didede, food.
Dida, adj. right, (as hand or side).
Didi-pidi, . herbs.
Diebebla, p. . the driving away.
Diebideda, n. the last.
Diebénhdé, pl. dicbénhde, n. a ruin,
Diebobré, n. firmament,
Dieboba, ». breadth.
Diebideda, adv. lastly, at last.
Diebobenhda, p.n. overthrow.
Dicbubwia, pl. diebubwioh, ». a wanderer, a traveller,
Diegididé, pl. dicgidide, n, creeping things, .
Dicgidea, pl. diegideoh, ». lame person.
Diehlohlie, n. length,
Dichmlénena, p.n. preparation, garnishing.
Dickwidié, pl. diekwidioh, 2. a fugitive.
Dieko-konede, p.n. crookedness.
Diekikleda, p.n. affliction, perplexity.
Diekinbklinhna, p.n. crookedness, .
Diemia, pl. diemioh, n. a helper. .*
Dicndnena, n. peace.
Dieniina, ». a walk.
DienyIned, pl. dienyincoh, n. enemy.
Diepode, n. clothing, apparel. oe
Diepinhna, px. secking.
Dieprrud, 2. anointing.
Dieprrudé, pl. dieprrude, 2. ointment.
Diepopod, n. saying, reasoning. “


Dieprudé, n. that which is current, (as money).

Dietata, and dieteta, ». sight.

Dietetd, n. deliverance, release.

Dieyedfa, adj. smooth.

DieyYdua, pl. dieyidaoh, n. witness.

Dieyadadé, n. invention. .

Dikedu, pl. dikedi, n. street, (moro properly, thor-

Dikra, pl. dikre, n. a name applied to several vari
eties of lizards.

Dimu, ». mourning.

Disef, pl. diseoh, ». a needy person.

Diyé, pl. diya, ». needle, spear.

Diyd, adv. outside, without.

Di, adv. again.

Disé, pl. dise, . (Hng.) dish.

Do, n. honey,

Do, 7. a song in ridicule.

Dode-na, p. dodeda-ni, v, tosink, as the eyes in faint-
ing or sickness, or death.

Doda-bod, p. doda-boe, n. large brown fly—infests
mangrove swamps,

Dodo, p. doda, v. to bo near doing anything.

Dodo, pl. dede, n. specific namo for heart,

Dodoé, n. wandering.

Donh, adj. one.

Dohndonh, adv, atonce, =

Dowé, pl. dowa, n. elephant.

Dowé-kodu, pl. dowa-kodia, n. olephant 4y.

pl. di, n. a heap, an anchor.

Du, p. duda, n. to marry, to take, to defeat, to over-

come, to pound as rice,


Dudi, p. dudida, v. to begin.

Dudu, pl. dudi, n. bird size of a pigeon—dark brown
back, whitish breast.

Duduidu, n. wind.

Dui, pr. self.

Dui, p. duida, v. to blow.

Du-kudi-ni, p. duda-kudi-nf, v. to conceive.

Dukanh, pl. dukenh, n. species of crab living on land.

Du-nyine, p. duda-nytne, v. to have dealing with, to
speak about.

Du-yé, p. duda-yé, v. to arise, to take up.

Duwo, n. year, (little used!) when one passes a year
working at any place, it is said, “kre & nunede
duwo,” “there he makes the year.” .


Eh, pr. they.

Enje, p. enjebo, ». (Hng.) angel.

Eh, pr. it.

E-8, adv. yes, even so.

Ehbe, pl. chbe, pr. ‘other.

Emo, conj. whereas, the truth is, nevertheless,

therefore. |

Enh, a particle meaning, I know not.

Ebné, adj. pr. any.

Enje, p. enjebo, n. (Zng.) angel.


Fa, pl. faya, n. knife.

Faa, p. faana, v. to be bushy, dishovelled, lean, ill-

Fanh, p. fanhna, v. to vanish. [grown.


Fa, p. fiida, v. to wait, to rest.

Fada, n. resting, waiting.

Fido,.n. (Eng.) fort. .

Fide-kai, pl. fide-kiya,n. castle. = *

Ie, p. foda, v. to watch, to wait for.

Fefonds, pl. fefdnde, n. light, a shining object.

FS, p. fena, v. to shine.

FS, p. fda, v. to rest.

IS, n. flesh, |

Fitaa, adv, very low, near setting, as the sun.

Fitekwa, x. light.

Fla, p. flada, v. to catch, (as a hawk does) to prey
upon, to snatch.

Fla-yé, pl. fle, n. small sea-fish.

Flédé, pl. fidde, n. prey.

Flidé, pl. flide, n. flying things.

Fli, p. flida, v. to fly.

Fod, pl fooh, n. watcher, waiter.

Fobo, pl. fobwi, n. guard, band of soldiers.

Fodu, pl. fodia, n. bundle.

Fofindé, pl. fofiinde, n. spice.

Fofré, adj. blasphemous.

Fofré-winh, n. blasphemy.

Fonh, pl. fenh, n. mane, bristle.

Fonhna, pl. fonhne,n. comb,—pronounced, “fra”&" fre.”

Fonanh-nebla, pl. fonanh-nebld, n. small rice-bird—
yellow, with black spots,

Foro, p. foroda, v. to dig about.

Foksé, pl. fokse, n. (Bng.) fox.

Frafro, adj. valueless,

Frageys, pl. frage, n. fish with o very large mouth; it
is about six feet long.

Frauro, adj, small.
Fra-yi-nf, p. frana-yi-nd, v. to fusten tho eyes upon,
Fra, n. bread. [look sternly.
Fré-pumo, 2. flour. ‘
Frabo, adj. soft.
Fré, p. frada, v. to strip, to deride.

Fro, n. emptiness, loneliness, -.
Fro, pl. fre, n. the white paper-like web of a
spider; 2 scab on a sore; a whistle. |
Frokada, pl. frokade, n. 0 bectle; the torm includes

many species, : :
Fufli, p. fuflida, v. to fly.
Fuflidé, pl. fuflide, n. a flying thing. .
Fatt & fud, pl. fi, n. hole, entrance, room, space,
(sometirnes spelled ‘“ fo,’’)
Fué, pl. fi, n. bowl.
Gad, pl. gaoh, n. a mediator. . a °
Gaba, pl. gabwe, n. jaw, side of road,
Gaba, n. evil disposition or temper.
Gafa, n. town people; asa corporate body; hence, town
drum. |
Ganh, p. genh, ». bones abuut the fundament.
Gasa, pl. gase, n. fresh water fish, from four to six inches
long, dark back, red sides and belly.
Giildse, (Zng.) n. gallows.
Gabui, p. gibwi, n. padlock.
Ge, pl. geya, n. farm.
Ge, p. geda, v. to cut or clear, as farm.
Geda, ». agreement.
Gedide, p. gedidade, v. to wonder, to be amazed.


Gedidé, pl. gedide, n. wonderful thing.

Ge, p. geda, v. to cleave (as wood).

Gedika, adv. wonderfully.

Gedide-yi-nf, p. gedideda-yi-na, v. to accuse to one’s
face, to announce painful tidings suddenly.

Gegida-te, n. covenant, thing settled.

Gei, n. a name sometimes applied to God.

Gei, pl. geiru, n. a slave.

Geiya, n. slavery. |

Geidé, n. a commission to use force, e. g. when soldiers
are employed to enforce payment, &c., it is said,
‘4 kba sedibo geidé.” '

Ge-mé, yp. geda-mil, v. to strip or make desolate.

Ge-y6, p. geda-ys, v. tu appear suddenly.

Gé, p. gada, v. to launch, push off from the shore.

Gée, p. géeda, v. to be partial to, to make choice of,
exclusive choice.

Géde, p. gadeda, v. to deny.

Géde-ye-nd, p. gédeda-yé-n4, v. to divide amongst, to
share or take permanently.

Géde-na, p. gédeda-nd, v. to be troubled.

Génh, pl. ginh, n. sore, boil,

Gé-néna-yé-nd, p. géda-néna-yé-na, v. to set out in dif-
ferent directions, to act independently.

Gé-woni, p. gada-wond, v. to open.

Gé-yd, p. géda-yé, v. to possess as one’s own.

Ghéné, p. ghini, n. a sea-fish half a foot long.

Ghneé-tu, pl. ghnec-ti, n. pawpaw tree.

Ghned-bué, pl. ghneé-bui, n. fruit of the pawpaw.

Gi, pl. gia, n. leopard, tiger.

Giakburu, pl. giakburi, x. thumb.

Gibatenha, s. & p. a smnall species of monkey, little

larger than a squirrel, very large eyes, slow and
stealthy in its movements,

Gide, n. queen. ?

Gidu, n, fog.

Gie, pl. gia, n. finger.

Gie-konh, pl. gia-konh, n. finger-nail..

Gigli, adj. spotted, speckled. .

Gigidi, p. gigidida, v. to yawn or stretch.

Gikaiya, pl. gikaiye, . scorpion.

Gikbunh, pl. gikbinh, x. largo frog.

Gikoba, pl. gikobe, x. small bird, brown color, found
in marshes, .

Giklé, s. & p. n. an animal like the leopard in appear-
ance and habits, about the size of the common dog, »

Gima, s.& p. n. a small furred animal, ycllow color,
short legs, and ears like a cat; amphibious,

Gina, pl. gine, ». small crawfish. no

Ginh, p. ginhna, v, to interdict (as done by deyabo.)

Ginhedé, pl. ginhede, n. things interdicted.

Ginhgle, p. ginhgleda, v. to be green.

Ginhglinh, n. gladness,

Ginhglinhka, n. gladly.

Gisai, 2. white cotton or linen cloth.

Gise, p. giseda, v. to stir up.

Gise, n. thread. ’

Gitabo, pl. gitabe, n. eel.

Gidé, pl. gida, n. boa constrictor.

Gidé, pl. gidi, n, fetish, greegree, medicine.

Gidé, p. gidéda, v. to conspire, to determine, to
break, to settle.

Gid&lu, p. gid&da-lu, v. to end; hence, “ koné &h lu
gidéda,” “the end of the world.”


Gidi, p. gidida, v. to creep.

Gididd, pi. gidide, n. creeping thing.

Gidibe, pl. gidibo, n. twin. [tions,

Gidibo, n. saying or actions of an individual; tradi-

Gididi, p. gididida, v. to curse.

Gidu, (pronounced giru) n. mist, dew, fog.

Gidu, 7. a tree; the decoction of its bark is called
sassa wood, and administered by: the natives for
the purpose! of detecting and punishing witch-
craft and other crimes.

Gisd, pil. gise, n. handkerchief.

Gisi-yi-nd, p. gisida-yi-nd, v. to mix together,

Gj6, p. gjéda, v. to charge, to caution.

Gli, n. a musical instrument composed of pieces of
light wood,

Glla, n. purification of Jand after war.

Gmanh, pl. gmenh, n.. standing laws, commandments;
sometimes spelled gmwanh. (thunder.

Gmanh, p. gmanhna, v. to burst forth suddenly, as

Gmanh-tebwé, pl. gmanh-tebwe, n. family stock in

Gmé, p. gmana, v, to mend, {money.

Gminhe, n. posteriors.

Gmonh, pl. gmenh, adj. green; unripe.

Gmwonh, pl. gmwenh, n. horn; sometimes the “w”
is omitted,

Gmwénb, p. gmwanhna, v. to cleave to, to join.

Gmwinhe, prep. after.

Gnamo, pi. gname, n. trumpet.

Gnanedé, pl. gnanede, n. thing interdicted by tradi-
tion or superstition.

Gneé, pl. gne, n. egg.

Gneé-bud, pl. gnet-bui, x. egg-plant,


Gne, n. the right; advantage in controversy; with
“ti” prefixed, “to answer.”

Gneka, adj. holy, sacred, forbidden.

Gnd, s. & p. n. very large antelope, size of a horse,
horns two feet long, red color with white stripes
down the back. ,

Gnd, p. gnéna, v. to choose, to appoint.

Gnone, p. gnanena, v. to interdict or forbid by tradi-

Gnénd, p. gnéndna, v. to melt. _ (tion.

Gnéyé, pl. gnéné, n. small scrubby brush, with long

Goa, pl. goi, n. a fresh-water fish, reddish color, about

Goda-nyens, n. rainy season, [six inches long.

Gomla, (4ng.) n. governor.

Goto, adv. continually, “

Goyé, pl. go, n. large species of red ant.

Grae, n. a scourge.

Grafeyé, pl. grafe, n. a species of beetle.

Gridede-nf, p. gridedade-na, v. to surround.

Grad, pl. grioh, n. divider. _

Grebe, or grebwe, n. hearth, fire-place, oven. ;

Gre-bua, pl. gre-bwia, n. a very small species of fresh-
water fish, tho minnow.

Gredé-lu, ». south-wind.

Greilu, 7. south.

Grese (Zng.) n. grace.

Gré p. grida, v. to divide.

Gri-woré, pl. gri-wora, n. a species of rice bird; red,
with black spots.

Gri, pl. grii, n. a grey monkey—hence the Grebos
have their name. .

Grid, pl. grioh, n. captain of soldiers.

Gribd, p. gribfe, n. grey squirrel.
Grudo, pl. grudi, ». a small crab living on rocks in
the sea, it has hairy legs.
Gyua, pl. gyui, n. basin,
Gyuro, s. &p.n. barrel.
H. -
Habé, pl. habe, n. fowl.
“Habdkba, pl. habekbe, n. hen.
Hade, n. rise in water from rain. "
Hé-kon4, p. hada-kond, v. to raise from the dead.
Hanhe, n. lunacy.
Hanh, adj. good, true.

*Hanhka, adv. well.

“ TIanhte, n. truth. ‘
Hanhte-popoé, x. faith. '
Tlanhtenonh, adv. truly.

Hanhno, pl. hanhne, n. snail. .. .
Hanhnopebe, ». harmattan wind. _.
Hawa, pl. hawe, n. sheaf of-rice tied up in the straw.
Hibo, pl. habe, moon, month.
Tabote, pl. hibotebo, x. officer.
Hana, pr. he who, she who, who.
Hiine, adv. how.

Hanh, adj. four.

Ilinhe, p. hiinhena, v. to famish,
Hayo, 2. onion.

Heda, n. species of black bead.
‘Hede, adv. then.

Hedé, x, noise.

Heds, x. bill of'a bird.

Hedi, prep. midst.

Hedo, pil. hede, n. portion.
Hedode-yi, p. hedodeda-yi, v. to fasten the eyes upon,
Heidé, n. darkness.
Henh, cony. as.
Ifenh, p. henhna, v. to allude to, .
Henu, pl. héne, n. sea-fish, one to two feet long,
TIeunh, pl. hwinhe, n. leaf.
Heunh, adv, very noisy, deafening.
Heya, n. burial.
Meyé-yé, p. heyada-yé, v. to separate, to open,
Hcyé-ma-n4, p. heyada-mé-na, v. to divide, to separate.
Heyé-ké-na, p. heyada-ké-ni, v. to explain, to inter-
pret, to testify.
TIé, p. hada, v. to take away, to open.
—Hé (after “k4”), conj. and, also.
Tiéde, p. hadade, v. to choose, to select,
Heéde-nd, ». hédeda-na, v. to gainsay.
Héde-winh, py. hadade-winh, n. to revile.
Hée, p. h&eda, v. to help.
Héeda, n. help. @
II6-gne, p. hada-gne, v. to accuse, condemn.
Hé-huru, p. hada-huru, v. to put away. |
H¢é-hids, p. hada-bidé, v. to make a noise.
¢jlé-kon4, p. hada-koné, v. to raiso from the dead.
I8-kpanh, p. hada-kpanh, to avenge.
Hé-ku, p. hada-ku, v. to trouble, to worry, wu
Héne, pr. which, that which.
Ilé-huru, p. hada-huru, v. to pluck up, to break up
or send away.
Hé-ni-td, p. hdda-ni-ta, v. to minister to, to wait on.
U6nu, x. palm butter. |
II&o, p. hadao, v. to drive away, to destroy, to bury.


I1do-winh, p, hadao-winh, v, to transgress.

Hérese, (Hng.) n. heresy.

Ilé-te, p. hada-te, v. to atone, to pay a fine.

Ho-ta, p. hada-ta, v. to bring to light.

Hé-wuni, ». hada-wuni, v. to utter, to declare.

Hé-woni-n4, p. hada-wond4-n4, v. to desist from speak-

Hi, p. hina, v. to pass. [ing to.

Hidiba, pl. hidibwi, n. shadow. |

Hi-dé-yi-ké, p. hina-dé-yi-ké, v. to blindfold.

Hidu-pombwe, s. dp. n. a species of large black ant ;
emits a disagreeable odor.

Hie-bwI, p. hiena-bwi, v. to spoil.

Llie-m4, p. hiena-ma, v. to turn about.

Hie, p. hiena, v. to revolve.

Ilie-wore-n4i, p. hiena-wore-nii, v. to reflect, to remember.

Hid, p. higna, v. to give.

Hina-wenh, p. hinade-wenh, v. to sojourn.

Hine-lu-né, p. hinene-lu-ni, v. to overshadow.

Hine-nd, p. hinena-n4, v. to change.

Hinh, p. hinhna, v. to remain, to alftde.

Hio, p. hinao, v. to excel. ({shoulder.

Hidade-nd, p. hidideda-ni, v. to suspend from the

Hids, p. hidéda, v. to count, to read, to crow.

Hide-nd, p. hidéda-na, v. to be bereft, to be alone. @

Ilidée, n. a species of bead found buried at Popo, on
the Gold Coast; hence called Popo bead.

Hidée, n. a tree from which a red dye is obtained.

Hidu, p. hiduda, v. to be soft, as ripe fruit.

IlIna, n. leprosy.

Hina-nua, pl. hina-nuoh, n. leper.

Hinéwé, p. hinénawé, v. to faint.

Hinu-ma, p. hinuna-mé, v. to forget.

Hinuwinhyé, n. outside of the town; any private place.
Histore (Zng.) n. history.
Ila, n. spittle.
Hla, p. hlada, v. to pick up, or eat as a fowl,
Hii, p. hiida, v. to be long.
Hlie, p. hideda, v. to lengthen.
Hlée-yé-nd, p. hiiedu-yé-na, v. to protract, as in
Hla-mié, p. hlida-ma, to be distant,
ilé, p. hldda, v. to strike.
HIé, p. hlada, v. to choose, to appoint, to disouss, to
cut down.
Hé-ké, p. hléda-ké, v. to turn back.
TIlé-té-lu-na, p. hléda-te-lu-nd, v. to accuse.
Hié-winhe, p. hléda-winhe, v. to jest, to contend with,
to speak against, to be sarcastic.
Hhi, p. hlida, v. to plaster, to smear.
Hii, pl. hii, 2. nest.
Hii, p. hiida, v. to speak, to command.
Tilé, x. speaking
Hlihli, p. hlihlida, v. to speak together,
Ili, n. graveyard on an island. .
Hlilé ke-na, p. hliléda-ké-n4, v. to turn backs to one
e another, hence to divide.
Hli-nyebo, ». hlida-nyebo, v. to backbite.
I{manh-y6, adv, like.
Hmé-yé, p. htinéna-yé, v. to turn to.
Hmléne, p. hmlénena, v. to prepare.
Hmli, p. hmlina, v. to snuff up or take liquidsin the nose.
Hmnh, adj. five.
Hmnhledonh, adj. six.
Hmophlesonh, adj. seven. .

Hmonhmanh, n. beard.
Hmonh and hménh-dé, ind. what!
Hneble, s. & p. sea-fish, three to four feet long.
Hneyedé, pl. hneyedi, ». species of black cat-fish,
often three feet long.
Hné, pi. hni, x. fish.
Hnéyé, pl. hnéyd, n. star.
Hnibabwe, n. palsy.
Hnibabwe-nud, pl, hnibabwe-nuoh, zn. a paralytic.
Hni-na, p. hnina-nd, v. to tremble.
Hnima, s. & p.avery small bird, dark color, white
breast. |
Hno-odofe, s. dp, m. a small sea-fish, reddish color.
Hnobo, pl. hnobwi, n. violent wind, hurricane.
Hnonanh, pl. hnonenh, n. border,
‘Hnonanh-kbinh, pl. bnonenh-kbinh, 2. boundary
Hnyi, p. hnyina, and Hid, p, higna, v. to give.
Hnyihnyidé, pl. hnyihnyide, and Hiédé, pl. hiéde, n.
Ho, p. hoda, v. to be abundant.
Toba, pl. hobwe, n. harp.
Honiine, pl. honiinena, v. to tarry, to be idle, to be lazy.
Toninh, adv. down. e
Honanh, pl, honenh, n. roach,
Honhnonh, n. breath; life.
-Honh, n. buttocks.
Honh, adv. backwards,
Honh, pl. hwenh, n. large sea-fish, nine feet long.
Honhna, pl. honlne, . bunch of palin-nuts,
Hori-kponhma, pl. horo-kpunhmwe, 7. smallsea-fish.
Horé, p. horéda, v. to sip or suck,

Horobwe, s & p, 7. small dove.
Hord, p. hordda, v. to overgrow, so as not to produce.
Hosina, (Hng.) n. hosfnag/. .
Huba, pl. hubwi, n. hundred.
Hudi, p. hudida, v. to hide.
Hudébé, p. hudébéda, v. to be rank or luxuriant.
y Hudite, . a secret.
Hudi-yi, p. hudida-yi, v. tohide from one’s presence.
~Huhudika, adv. secretly.
Huminh, n. southwest wind,
Huntgmwinhe, p. hunéaagmwinhe, v, to drive away
or follow gently.
Hunumanh, 7. manslaughter, murder,
Hunumanhkpod, pl. hunumapooh, n. one guilty of man-
slaughter or murder.
Hunubwe, pl. hunubwi, n. pigeon. [fect long.
Hunubwe, pl. hunubwi, n. a sea-fish, three to four
Huni, p. hunina, v. to sift, to fan, to blow, as in
kindling fire.
Huru, 7. ground.
Huru, p. huruda, v. to be ripe or red; to remove
from one place to another.
Ifurubade, x. descent.
Hurutuda, n. beginning. ©
* IIuri, p. huruda, v. to move, as houses; to carry
clay for floors. .
Huwe, n. drying south wind blowing in July.
Hwaidi, ». threshold.
Hwanonh, 2. fear.
Hwanh, pl. hwenh, ». guinea-pig.
Hwanh-buo, 2. the head of a company. |
Hwanh-plénh, pl. hwanh-plenh, n. the largest spe-
cies of woodrat.


Hwanhonh, pl, hwanhenh, n. shoulder.

Hwambo, n. ancients who lived before any well au-
thenticated tradition.

Hwaro, pl. hwade, ». sea-fish three feet long.

Hwaé-ne-bwehbo-ta, ». small bird remarkable for con-
cealing itself till near approach, then suddenly
flying up, thus inviting pursuit, but always
escaping, hence its name, delaying the virgins
(in pursuit) til? night. |

Hwé, pl. hwe, adj. great, large.

Hwénh, p. hwanhna, v. to fight; after “ta” “night,”
to be late, (i. e. night fights with the day.)

Iiwide, p. hwideda, v. to come upon suddenly ; take
by surprise.

Hwinhnyanhe, x. hair, bristles, fibres of trees.

‘Hwinhso, 7. forgiveness.

IIwinhso, n. herb used for seasoning food.

IIwinhyé, adv. after.

Hwinhyé, pl. hwinh, n. palm-nut.

Hwonb, conj. or, nor.

Hwonh, (def. v.) to say—rarely used, and only in the
present tense.

Iwombo-kodu, pl. hwombo-kodia, ». a species of
green grasshopper, very destructive to green.
vegetables. |

Hwonh-blu, pl. hwdnh-bli, n. large rapacious bird of
the eagle kind, the male white, with black wings,
female, lead color.

Hwinhyé, adv. like.

Hya, pl. hyéiru, n. child.

Hyode yi, p. hyodeda-yi, . to behold steadfastly.


Iba, n. corn. ve

Ibo, p. iboda, v. to know.

Ibo, pl. ibooh, n. acquaintance,

Idaede, adj. new, young.

Idé, p. idada, v. to desire, 20 beg, to ask.

Idi, prep. in.

Idikbobo, pl. idikbobwi, adj. black, blue.

. _Idu, n. sea.
‘. Tdu-dé, pl. idu-de, n. wave.

Idu-lu, 2. east.

Idu-kedi, n. south.

Iduidu, adv. ever,

Idukau, adv. never; by no means,

Idu-poa, pl. idu-pooh, n. fisherman, | :

Idu-dow3, pl. idu-dowa, n, sea-elephant, largeat spe-
cies of whale known,

Idu-wisi, s. & p. n. porpoise.

Idu-winhe-kai-gi, . a sea-shore spider, having a long

Idu-winhe-soo, pl. idu-winhe-soeya, n. a bird of a
dark color, . size-of common fowl], frequents the
sea-shore; feeds on fish and crabs,

Tdu-gind, pl. idu-gine, n. lobster.

J. |
Jaie, p. jaicna, v. to give the first fruita, usually to
: demons, but also to friends.

Jaunh, adj. red, yellow.

Ja, pl. jae, n. sort of marsh rat.

Janhno, n. oil, rice, meat prepared for the dead.

Jenh, n. (Eng.) jail.

Jenhnef, pl. jenhneoh n. prisoner.
Jenh-yi-tud, pl. jenb-yi-tuoh, n. jailor.
Ju, pl. ji, n. flock.
Ka, m. manner, cause, sake, custom.
Ka, pt. kada, v. to close, to restrain, to stop, to ar-
rest, to shut. .
Ka, pl. kana, v. to wander, to mistake,
Kade, p. kadeda, v. to enclose, to surround.
Kade, n. light timbers used for rafters, also posts of
‘Kado, pl. kadobo, n. sweet-heart.
Kai, pl. kiya, n. house.
Kai-tuaoh, pl, kai-tuenb, n. foundation. |
Kai-gi, pl. kai-gia, x. generic name of spiders—there
are many varieties not otherwise named.
Kainhe, n. pollution of country caused by war.
Kai-yida, pl. kai-yide, x. guinea fowl.
Kanonh, v. hunger.
Kanonh-nua, pl. kanonh-nuoh, ». hungry person.
Kapa, pl. kape, n. porch.
Kasia, p. kasiada, v. to be active or strong.
Katwi, pl. katwanh, 2. species of monkey, small, blue
Kau, adv. at all.
Kautyé, pl. kautye, (Zng.) n. couch.
Kaworékbaa, pl. kawordbaoh, x. neighbor.
Ka-yé, p. kada-yé, v. tocover, to hinder, to prevent.
Ka (with he), conj. and.
Ka p. kdda, v. to have, to own, to belong to.
Ka, pl. kwé, n. skin, bark.

Kaa, pl. kéoh, ». master, lord.
Kaboké, pl. kiboke, (Zng.) n. cup.
Kida, past form of the conj. “k4,” asin Gen. 7: 16.
Kadai, pl. kide, (Z’ng.) n. coat.
Kade, (pro. kare,) n, dust. :
Kademé, pl. kadedama, v. to have charge of, concern
with. -
Kadé p. kideda, v. to nail, to fasten.
Kite, p. kiieda, v. to be born.
Kanh, pl. kwenh, n. mat. .
Kano-winhyé-bae, pl. kino-winhyé-bdye, n. pitcher.
Kino, pl. kine, n. shoot, bud.
Kare, conj. since, as, because.
Kimlé pl. kimle, n. (Zing ) camel.
Kiisera, pl. kiisere, n. donkey. ’
Kislé, pl. kiisle, (Zing.) n. castle. vt ;
- Kba, pl. kbe, 2. female, s0- -crack
Kbaia, pl. kbaoh, n. heir,
Kbada, pl. kbade, adj. older.
Kbada, pl. kbade, n. stool; also, charge, authority.
Kbadé, pl. kbade, n. native chair.
AKbanh, pl. kbenh, n. palm of the band.
Kbanh, n. revenge. .
Kbanhno, 2. trial, test, temptation. |
Kbanh, p. kbanhda, v. to hang up, to sprinkle, to
Kbanh, pl. kbénh, n. top.
Kbenh, n. strength.
Kbenhde, adj. strong. |
Kbenh, s. & p. n. small bird, dark blue color, white
ring around the neck, and white breast, ;
- Kbenh, n. trust, credit.


Kbenh-kwa-blié, pl. kbenh-kwa-blioh, n. debtor. "

Kbé, p. kbada, uv. to carry, to take.

Kbéde, p. kbédeda, v. to waste or squander.

Kbéo, p,. kbéeda, v. to publish, .

Kbonh, p. kbdnhda, v. to be old.

Kbénh, p. kbanhda, v. to lock, to fasten, to set a trap.

Kbinhde, p. kbenhdeda, v. to comprehend, tio under-

Kbénh-ni, p. kbanhda-né, to scatter, to drive away,
sow seed.

Kbénh-wond-na, p. kbanhda-wond-n4, v. to proclaim.

K bots, p. kbétéda, v. to spoil, to waste.

Kbinh, n. wall, fence,

Kbobwé-na, p. kbobwéda-né, v. to shake off.

Kboda, pl. kbode, 7. a branch or cluster of fruit.

Kboda, p. kbodida, v. to tear, to rend, (but not applied
to cloth).

Kboii, pl. kboi, n. camp of trees, a fruit resembling
cherry or cranberry,

Kbonhnu, n. stem.

Kbonhkbonh, adj. firm, unshaken.

Kbonhwads, n, rashness, indiscretion.

Kbonhwadeka, adv. rashly, indiscretly.

Kbonh, p. kbonhda, v. to grunt approbation, or dis-
approbation, surprise or contempt, &c.

Kbonhnenedé, pl. kbonhnenede, n. jewel.

Kbonhwa, pl. kbonhwé, n. species of frog.

Kbonh, pl. kbinh, knot, protuberance.

Kbonhmny, pl. kbonhmni, x. whelks caused by blows

Kbonhhabe, pl. kabonhhabi, n. spot, e g. “ktyd
kbonhhabe,” “spotted.”

Kboné, p. kbonéna, v. to snore. .


Kbobo, ». 8 shore.

Kbokbénh, p. kbokb&nhda, v. to scatter.

Kbokbéde-li-na, p. kbokbédade-li-na, v. to contradict.

Kbé, n. the bottom; hence, dregs; also, stern of canoe
or ship.

Kbinh, pl. kbénh, n. floor, deck.

Kbonh, p. kbénh, n. large black bird with parrot bill,
makes o noise like a trumpet; hence, called
trumpet bird.

Kbranh, adj. few.

Kbréé, p. kbrééda, v. to unbend, to be unloosed.

Kbroa, p. kbroéida, v. to be barren, as land.

Kbru-nyini-pide, n. fire-fly,

Kbrrumo, n. young man, wiser st

Kbude, 2. seed of plants. .

Kbudo, pl. kbudi, 7. kind, sort, bundle or piece, as of

Kbu, p. kbuna, v. to grunt disapprobation.

Kbukbu, p. kbukbuda, v. to be thick, close, crowded.

Kburu, adj. same.

Kburo, pl. kburi, n. garden, yard.

Kbuni, ». kbunina, v. to rob, to deprive one of office.

Kbu-ure, 7. astonishment.

Kbuii, n. slice or piece.

Kbiine, n. conduct, custom.

Kbiine-nyined, pl: kbiine-nylacoh, n. evil-doer.

Kbwebé, pl. kbwebe, n. a hat.

Kbwenhyie, n. the portion or perquisites connected
with peculiar offices amongst the sedibo—hence,
the office itself and its authority,

Kbwese, n. secret intelligence conveyed by spies or


Kbweseé, pl. kbweseoh, n. traitor.

Kbwinh, pi. kbwinh, n, a dog.

Kbwinhdut, pl. kbwinhdui, n. a reed or hollow piece
of wood, used as a musical instrument,

Kbwids, ». kbwidéda, v, to pluck, to take away.

Kbwidd, p. kbwidéida, v. to rub or scrub; hence, to
take away violently, to rob.

Kbwebe, nl. kbwebo, 2. a virgin; also spelt without k.

Kbwe, . a stop, a pause. .

Kbweya, pl. kbwee, 2. large wooden bowl, used for

Kbwéde, p. kbwédeda, v. to be towards an object or

Kbweé, p. kbwéda, v. to break up, to scatter. [place.

Kbowa, pl. kbowe, n. sea-fish, two feet long. _

Kbodu, adj. deserted; also broken, unfit for use.

Ke, conj. or.

Ke, pl. kebo, n. eagle.

Ke, p. keda, v. to choke.

Kebée, pl, kobaie, n. large palm-nut bird.

Kobwé, p. kebwi, 7. pinnacle, top, tower.

Kedibo, n. class of young men, next below the sedibo.

Kediwu, n. quiver; also scrip or bag.

Kedi, n. kede, adv. buck again.

Kee, x, brass,

Keka, n. brass,

‘Kekudé, pl. kekade, n. brass thing.

Keké, p. kekada, v. to hasten.

Kekeka, adv. hastily.

Kekénh, ». a sigh,

Kekids, p. kekida, v. search out, to investigate.

Kekide-wond-nd, p. kekida-wona-né, v. to examine by
asking questions. ~


Kénh, p. kénhna, v. to beshut up; to restrain, as water.

Ko-pddedd, pl, ké-pédede, n. o bed.

Kéwot, pl. kdwooh, 2. defender.

Ki-y3, p. kéda-yé, v. to dry up, staunch, restrain,
hinder, prevent.

Khe, p. khena, v. to learn.

Khé, n. cold.

Khé, p. khida, v. to laugh.

Khéklu, pl khékli, n. frost.

Ki, s & p. yam.

Kide, n. trouble, difficulty. |

Kima, pl. kimi, n. a species of fishing bird.

Kini-ké, p. kinina-ké, v. to threaten, to charge strictly.

Kinyo, n. Portuguese people. _

Kiys, pl. kiya, n. a worm that destroys vines.

Kii-neblo, pl. kiti-neble, n. an insect’ of the locust
kiad, found chiefly under ground. It makes a

'« chirping noise. It is also called, from its ingenious
habits of building and storing, “ Bina-ith-nyine,”
or “‘gazelle’s wife,” being on this account deemed
a fit companion for the prudent king of animals.

Kide, p. kideda, v. to shave.

‘Kidea, pl: kideoh, n. a shearer, barber.

Kide-woné-ni, p. kideda-wonf-nad, v. to perplex by

Kidsb, p. kidtbéda, v. to revolve, to turn over, to
brandish as a sword,

Kidé-nd, p. kidéda-né, v. to turn over, to examine

; with a view toselection. __

Kiddba-mémunh, pl. kidéba-mdmi, n. water snail; so
called because in swimming it turns over.

Kidinyima, n. a bird that lives on fish,

Kime, p. kimena, v. to be small. .
Kimbo, n. the class of boys not having attained the
_ age of puberty and below the sedibo.
Kind, p. kinana, v. to tear.
‘Kine, p. kinena, v. to be in pain.
-Kinede, n. pain. .
Kini, p. kinina, v. to tend towards, incline to, be
intent upon.
King, n. evil disposition, disagreeable manner, cruelty.
Kine, p. kinena, v. to mark, to write.
Kinea, pl. kini, n. a beam.
Kinhdo, . the fat part of an animal.
Kinh, pl. kinhbo, (Hng.) n. king.
Kinh, pi. kinh, n. a rapacious bird of the hawk kind.
There are two varieties called by this name—
‘one inhabits the forest, and preys on birds and
smal] animals; the other frequents the sea-shore
and rivers, and feeds on fish. Both are rather
larger than the Muscovy duck. |
Kinhklanh, p. kinhklanhna, v. to force or excite vi-
olently to anything. -
Kinhklinh, p. kinnklinhda, v. to trouble, to perplex,
Kinhgli,n. arace; ¢.g.,ba kba kinhgli—tet us run a race.
Kinh-lu-nd, ».-kinhnia; py. kinhna-lu-ni, v, to oppress, -.
; as when overtasked by work, mental or physical.
Kinedd, pl. kinedo, n. book, letter.
Kinedé-ni, . ink, bk La
Kinedé-fro, n. paper. oo
Kinedé-lu, 2. superscription.
Kinh-lu-na, p. kinhna-lu-nd, v. to oppress, a8 when:
overtaxed by work.

Kined, pl. kineoh, n. scribe.
Kinu-winhéd (or winhyé,) 7. & gate.
Kise, p. kiseda, (Eng.) n. to kiss.
Kjede, p. kjadade, v. to blow very hatd; also spelled
Kjé, p. kjéda, v. to feed.
Kjidida, n. quarrel, palaver, punishment.
Kjididaka, adv. in aquarrelsome manner.
Klede, p. klededa, v. to feed, to nourish,
Klcu, p. kleuda, v. to be thin,
Kllinh, n. breast.
Kilinh, n. torment; excessive pain.
Ko. prep. for. me,
Koa, pl. kooh, n. corpse. © 7°! *'*
-Kodanh, pl. kotnh, ». cock.
Koba, pl kobe, 2. back of the hand. ’
Kobanh, p. kobenh, n. household idol or greegree. -
Kobé pl, kobae, n. large black bird with bill like a
_ parrot.
Kobia, n. fragments.
Kobo, adj. forcign.
Kobona, 7. brimstone.
Kobonfinh, n. rum.
Kobodo, n. sugar.
Kobotonh, pl. kobotenh, n. vessel.
Kobo-yak, pl. kobo-ych, n. iron pot.
Koboyonhwunh or koboyonh, n. pine apple.
Kobota, pl. kobotabo, n. speaker of English, (a
Kobo-yi, p. koboda-yi, v. to wink with the eye.
Kobo-soo, pl. kobosoya, n. a horse.
Kobi, pl. kobwi, n. a fresh water fish, whitish color,
two fect long.

Kobi, pl. kobwi, n. a sea fish, about one foot long.
Kodo, pl. klli, n. mass of anything, e.g.,.“' fra kodo,”
“9 loaf of bread.”
Kodi, . favor, assent, approbation, eg. “po na kodi
k6,” “to look with favor upon him.”
Kodiu, pl. kodia, n. locust; grasshopper,
Kodu, pl. kodi, n. staff.
Kodu, pl. kodia, n. a fly.
Kodu-gi, pl. kodia-gia, n. a fly that bites severely and
kills other flies.
Kodu-flaa, pl. kodu-flee, n. a specios of fly very
troublesome to cattle.
Kofode (pronounced kyéfre), n. a name common to
the butterfly family ; it includes many species,
Kokée, s. & p. n. small red ant.
Kokidé, p. kokdde, n. possession.
Koko, n. scrip.
Kokona, adj. hard, as applied to ice.
Kokradé, pl. kokride, n. spoils.
Kokri-gidé, pl. kokra-gidi, n. greegree or idol.
Kokwé, n. dying, death.
Kokwé-nd, p. kokwéda-né, v. to be perverse,
Kokwecd, pl. kokwede, n. a gathering, store.
Komla-sonh, n. left hand.
Komu, pl. komi, n. mackerel.
Kona, pl. kone, n. knee.
Kona, 2. world.
Koné-adh-nya, adv. hereafter.
Konii-se, adj. everlasting.
.Kona-sea, pi. kona-scoh, n. one who, lives always.
- Konaé-haa, pl. koné-haoh, n. a saviour.
-Koni-ne, adj. living.

Koné-th-kon&, adv. world without end.
Konf-wowé, n. resurrection.
Konh (£ng.) n. coal.
Konho, pl. kwenh, 2, finger nails, shells of fish, scales,
Konhwa, n. work.
Konhdu, pl. konhdia, n. grasshopper. .
Ko-ofu, pl, ko-ofi,n. a species of monkey, middle size.
Koohku, pl. koohkwi, n. a corpse... :: feeds.
Kora, s & p. n.small land tortoise.
Koré, n. cough.
Koré, p. koréda, v. to cough.
Koro, p. koroda, v. to dry up.
Kd, p. kéda, v, to nail, to fasten.
Kpainh-yd, pl. kpainhe, n. name for a variety of
beetles, beautifully marked with green and gold.
Kpala, pl. kpale, n. a kind of fortress.
*Kpamo, pl. kpame, n. skin, leather.
Kpada, pl. kpade, n. elevated fortification.
Kpanh, pl. kpenh, troop, ‘band.
Kpanhkpanh,adv. tightly, closely,stead fastly, strongly.
‘Kpanhonh, adv. uprightly, perfectly, perpendicularly.
Kpanhmg, pl. kpanhme, n. large fly; it has something
resembling a tiger’s tooth on the neck.
Kpanhe, n. tree called dragon’s blood; the leaves are
used for making mats,
Kpanh-woro-ké-ni, p. kpanhna-woro-ké-nd, v. to have
‘Kpenh, adv. uprightly, straightly.
Kpanh, p. kpanhna, v. a word used to express “ not
to burn well,” as when farms fail to burn.
Kpanhma-wénh, pl. kpanima-wa, n. a species of ba-
boon, larger than the chimpanzee, black color.

the prefix ‘‘kpanhma,” derived from “kpanh,”
to have fortitude ; as no beating or other ill treat-
ment can extort a cry from this species,

Kpfnhana, n. heaviness.

Kpénh-wore-ké-nf, p. kpanhna-wore-ké-n4, v. to be
bold, to show fortitude.

K péte, adj. great.

Kponhne, p. kponhnena, v. to dress, to ornament,

Kponhnenedé, pl. kponhnenede, n. ornament.

Kpona-ké-na, p. kponana-ke-na, v. to blot out.

Kpodasia (pronounced, kprasia). .

Kpoda, p. kpodida, v. to scrape, to wound, to bruise.

Kponhkpanh, n. boldness. .

Kponhmwa-diye, pl. kponhmwe-diye, n. pin.

Kpdnh, pl. kpenh, n. sheath. .

Kpénh, pl. kpénh, n. snake, four feet long, greenisk
back, white breast. ‘

Kpra-akpra-a, adv. very well: as applied to kealth.

Kpraakpraa, 2. bramble bush.

Kpra, n. a multitude.

Kpra-diro, pl. kpra-dare, n. sheet; large cloth worn
by the natives. .

Kprikpraka, also kproakprda, adv, continually.

Kprakpra, adv..high upon the top.

Kpré, p. kpréda, v. to slip or slide.

Kpré, n. doubt, dispute, argument.

Kpréde, p. kprédeda, v. to bruise, to slip.

Kprré, p. kprrada, v. to sew.

Kprra, p. kprrada, v. to tear the flesh, to rend.

Kprué, adj. coarse.

-Kpumnhni, p. kpumnhnina, v. to rob.

Kpumobnué, pl. kpumnhnouoh, 2..a robber,



Kpunhkpunhé, par, n. ravening.

Kpunh, pl. kpinh, n. bruises caused by fighting.

Kpuni, ». kpunina, v, to miss or fail to accomplish,

Kpua, pl. kpui, n. part cf the fist formed with the
little finger.

Kpwanh, pl. kpwenh, ». a lump or piece of bread or
rice. .

Kpwanh, pl. kpwenh, n. an official sent by the sedibo
on any errand; a sergeant.

Kpwenhunh, adv. atall, in any degree.

Kpwenhklli, . the brightness or excessive heat of
the sun, in the morning, between the land and
sea breezes.

Kpwéts, adj. very great.

Kpwéekpwée, adv. softly, stealthily,

Kpwénhkpwoénh, ». a small drum beaten with one

Kpwinh, x. a ery of distress or importunity,

Kra-te, p. krada-te, v. to mind, to respect, to long
for; to be fond of.

‘Kranh, pl. krenh, adj. hard, wicked, evil.

Kranh, pi. krenh, n. a bone.

Kranh, p. kranhda, v. to be hard, to be hurtful.

Kranh-wona, p. kranhda-wonii, v. to be bitter.

Kranh, p. kranhna, v. to bo greedy, voracious.

Kranhwodi, n. north; also, interior,

Krad, pl. kraoh, n. sick person.

Krapna, n. a soft bitter stone,

Kraunhnonh, also kraunonh, 1. greediness, in-

Krawa, 7. 0 loan,

Kre, also ke, adv. n. so, there,


Krenonh, adv, there.

Krede, adv. there.

Kreds, adv. here.

Krede, n. forest. ,

Kré, p. kréda, v. to be sick, . "

Kré, p. krada, v. to open.’ “

Kré, p. krada, v. to catch, seize, attach property for

Krés, p. kraeda, v. to hurt.

Kréd-noenh-na, p., krééda-noenh-nf, v. to rehearse in
the ears, i

Kréde-k6, p. kride-da-ké, w. to delight.

Kré-te, p. krada-te, v. to insist upon.

Kri, p. krida, v. to open a channel for water, :

Kridi, p. kridida, v. to groan.

Krihaa, pl. krihaoh, n. parent. vo

Krine, p. krinena, v. to draw near. “ ‘

Krré-y6, p. krréda-y6, v. to receive, hold on to.

Krro, p. krréda, v. to beset, to besiege, to seize,

Krri, p. krrida, v. to crowd, to press.

Krroikrroi, n. dirt washed from the skin after hard or
dirty work.

Kru, pl. kri, n. half bushel ; also, mass., Le

Krubwe, n. happiness, blessing.

Krubwe, p. krubweda, v. to roll away.

Krudo, pi. krudi, n. a sca-fish, one foot long, very red.

Krusefai, p. krusefaida, (Jing.) v. to crucify.

Ku, pl. kwi, n. devil, demon, departed spirit.

Kube, pl. kobo, n. foreigner.

Kude, n. fetters.

Kudé, pl. kude, n. inheritance.

Kudé-did, nl. kudé-dioh, n. heir. F

Kudi-hlé-ké, p. kudida-hlé-ké, v. to travail.
Kuditededé, pi. kuditedede, ». vessel.
Kudo, zl. kili, n. mass of anything.
Kuku, pl. kukwi, adj. wicked.
Kukudu-winh, n, groans, groaning.
Kunabe, s. & p. species of grasshopper, spotted yel-
low and black.
Kunf, p. kundna, v. to be hard, difficult; also,
Kunhne, p. kunina, v. to hire,
Kunhnedé, pi. kunhnede, x. hire.
Kunhi, pl. kunhoh, n, hireling.
Kunhkunhé, n. stature, growth.
_Kunhknnhd, n. old age.
Kunhne-woro-yé, p. kuuhnena-woro-yé, n. to set the
heart on, to trust to. 4
/Kunh-kwa, p. kunhna-kwa, v. to be heavy.
Kuph-lu-né, p. kunhna-lu-n4, v. to be stubborn, hard-
Kunh-lu, p. kunhna-lu, v. to be immovable, obstinate,
difficult to persuade.
Kupebu, pl. kupebwia, x. fool.
Kusebwe, pl, kusebwi, animage. , /,
- Ku-tunh, n. a dead body. pee nate p Pad
Kuwowé, n. affliction, distress.
Kuwudu, pl. kuwudi, . groan.
Kwada-kwe-pumu, n. lime.
Kwanh, pl. kwenh, n. stand made of native rope, to sct
- earthen pots on,
Kwanh, pl. kwenh, n. an animal about the size of a
goat, reddish color, thick skin impervious to mus:
ket shot, armed with long and sharp claws.

Kwane, p. kwanena, v. to be near.
Kwa, pl. kwe, n. hand.
Kwa-yé, pl. kwana-y6, v. to be short. |
Kwado, pl. kwade, n. oyster.
Kwade-kwenh-pumo, n. lime.
Kwaedo, pl. kwaede, n. fist.
Kwe, p. koda, v. to die.
Kwe-yibwa-nd, p. kweda-yibwa-nf, v. to gather to
collect. ;
Kwenhe, adv. scornfully. :
Kwé, p. kwéda, v. to follow, to continue.
Kwéde, prep. from.
Kwédekba, pl. kwddekbe, n. a gift.
Kwéde, p. kw&deda, v. to send.
Kwénh, pl. kwénhde, n. disease.
" Kwénh-nud, pl. kwénh-nuoh, n. sick person.
Kwénh, n. steep bank or cliff.
Kwéo, p. kwédao, v. to be calmed; also, to be fixed
in purpose. "
Kwé-yé, pl. kwéda-yé, v. to fulfil.
Kwéyé, pl. kwée, n. a species of small black fish,
found in swamps; it includes several varieties.
~ Kwidi, p. kwidida, v. to run.
Kwidia, pl. kwidioh, n. arunaway, a fugitive.
Kwi-hya, pl. kwi-iru, n. orphan.
Kwiye-diro, pl. kwiye-dire, m. a mourning garment.
Kwi-laa, pl. kwi-laoh, x. a murderer, manslayer.
Kwinh, py. kunbna, v. to grow.
Kwinh-winhe, p. kunhna-winhe, v. to give a perverse
Kwiyé, pl. kuu, n. fruit of the plantain tree; also,
the name of the tree.

Kwré, pl. kwra, n. wild animal of dull color, some-
what smaller than a sheep, short legs and horns.
Kyanhka, adv. violently, roughly.
Kyaunh, ac). green.
Kyi, p. kyida, v. to laugh.
Kyédekyéde, adv. incessantly,
Kyéde, ». kyddeda, v. to blow hard; algo, to dun.
Kyéfrd, p. kyéfre, n. flower. .
Kyé-yd, p. kyada-yé, v. to open, as earth or heaven.
Kyékyéidu, n. rushing wind.
Kyubete, (Zg.) n. cubit.
Lade, p, ladeda, v. to season, as food, sy
La-yibwa-y5, p. lada-yibwa-yd, v. to be of sad or sul-
_ len countenance. .
%4e, n. dropsy.
Lo, p. leda, v. to send (nearly obsolete) ;. also, to
Lele, p. leleda, v. to tell.
Leledé, pi. lelede, n. a plant. nee
Leyu, pl. leyiru, n. servant.
Lé, p. lada, v. to kill.
Lée, p. eda, to kill in a sacrifice or for a visitor.
Lé-y5, p. lada-yé, v. to bind or tie up. -
Li, a. & p. contraction of birli, n. antelope.
Li, adv. back again, behind.
Li, p. lida, v. to leak,
Li, p. ida, v. to urinate.
Lo, 7, to work,
Lo-unf, pl. lounch, n. laborer,
Lo, n. urine.

Ld, pl. n. neck. .
Lu, pi. li, head; top chapter.
Lu, prep. over, above.
Lui, ». luida and luda, v, to swim.
Lu-ké-podé, pl. lu-ké-pode. n. pillow.
Lukonh, n. skull.
Lukru, pl. lukri, n. a fresh-water fish, whitish color,
six inches long.
Lukunha, pl. lukunhoh, n. an obstinate person.
Lulu, pi. lili, ». string, vine.
Juuludé, pi. lulude, x. swimming creatures,
Luhwinhnyaie, ». hair of tho head.
-Maa, adv. continually; e.g. “oh ni n&é ne maa,” they
do it continually.
Ma, adv. at first. f
Mabo, adj. few. ’
Makonh, pl. makwenh, n. @ name including several
species of winged inseots.
Mamo, pl. maine, n. a bird about the size of the com-
mon fowl, bluish with dark spots. . .
Manhheyé, ». market. ,
Matye, pl. matyebo, n. merchant.
Ma, pron. I.
Ma, prep. to, for, of, ete,, ete,
Ma, p. mana, v. to be.
Mae, p. méena, v. to sleep.
Mi-bla, adj. distant, far off.
Mah, pron. thou, you.
Manaa, pl. minaob, n. disciple.
Mandsenaned, pl. mindsenaneoh, n. magician.

‘ Mianeyé, pl, mane, n. plate of a house.

Mabwinhi, pl. mihwanhoh, n. adversary.

Mina, (Zng.) n. manna.

Mindreké, p. mindreke, (Zng.) n. mandrake.

Mio, p. minao, v. to join to, to assist, to stick to,

Mi-yd, def. v. to be neat in appearance or otherwise.

Miiyio, p. minayio, v. to be careful, circumspect.

Me, p. mena, v. to grow.

Meanh, pl. menh, n. nose, end, point.

Meanhfua, pl. meanhfi, x. nostril.

Meanh-nycbo, s. & p. species of fishing bird, blue color,
dark breast, size of the common fowl.

Menhyé, pl. menh, n. tear.

Menhye, pl. menh, ». pricks, sharp sticks put into
the ground for enemies to tread upon. .

Menie, pl. meni, n. a species of small dark crab.

V Menu, n. an intermediate place through which persons
are said to pass to their final destiny, and where
they recount all their past deeds,

Meyu, pl. meya, n. door.
Meyu-yitud, pl, meyu-yituoh, . a porter.
[M6, p. mina, v. to press, to squeeze.
Mé, p. mina, v. to dry,
M6, n, joke, trifle, sport.
“Md, 2. tongue.
Médeo-yé, p. ménao-yd, v. to yield the full crop, to
‘give the full increase, to be perfect.
Méima, n. rice and palin oil prepared for the dead.
“Moma, adj. dry. |
Moma, pl. méme, crow, raven.
Méma-bro-kudo, pi. mima-bro-klli, 7. a brick.
Monede-yé, p. ménenade-yé, v. to yield the usual
crop; be ef right measure; complete.


Mé-nf-pof, pl. mé-nd-pooh, n. a hired person.
Mén1-fa, pl. meni-f6, n. a brown fly.
Métabiyo, ». part between the tongue and bottom of

the mouth, -
Mi, p. muna, v. to go.
Minh, n. entrails.
Milydn, pl. milyone, (Zng.) n. million.
Mine-kuu, 7. banana tree.
Mine-kwiyé, pl. mine-kun, n. fruit of the banana tree.
Minista, pl. ministabo, (Zng.) n. minister.
Minunh, n. decay, as “nyenh pa minunh,” “teeth de-

Mlatedu, pi. mlatedia, . lamp.
Mla, abbre. of ‘mo na,” pron. me.
Mlimle, n. fat, grease. -
Mlimoni, pl. mlimone, n. throat. ‘
Mle, 7. broken grains of rice (little used).
Mle, abbre. of “‘ monh ne,” pron. you.
M16, p. mlina, v. to swallow. |
Mlémle, n. worms found in the human stomach.
Mli, p. mlina, v. to bite, to talk.
Mli, ». matter from ulcers,
Mlimli, ». bed bugs.
Mlina, p. mlinand, v. to play, to be merry, to talk

~ about.
Mllé, pl. mili, x. wild beast.
Mo, pron. me.
Moane, p. moanena, v. to tie, to bind up, wrap up.
Moanedé, pl. moanede, n. bonds.
Mo, p. mona, »v. to go out, extinguish, quench.
Mo, prep. to, for, unto.
Mobo, n. meadow, grass field.

Moe,: p. moena, », to cool.
Mogmwénh-né, p. mogmwénhna-né, v. to thunder.
Momay38, p. momanayé, v. to sew or tie together.
Momanh, adj. peeled, streaked.
Momon4, p. momonina, v. to be weak, inactive, slug-
Monh, pr. you. (Olj. case.)
Monh, pl. menh, 7. wen.
Mum, n. reeds, rushes.
Munhu, pl. munbi, 7. a. sea-fish, two feet long,
striped white and blue.
Muniyé6, p. muninays, v. to close.
Munu, pi. muni, v. flat sea-fish found in shoal-water.
Musu, n. taciturnity, extreme reserve, unapproach-
ableness, .
Mur, (Zng.) n. myrrh. .
Mini, ». miinana, v, to leap or jump as a monkey.
Mwane, p. mwanena, v. to bring forth.
| Mwane-nyiné, pi. mwane-nyino, &% midwife.
| Mwane-nyené, n. birthday.
Mwaine, p. mwainena, v, to meet.
Mwasa, pl. mwiise, n. fanner.
Na, n. wood, cunning, craft, fire.
Na, pr. my, mine.
Na, aux. v. may, might.
Nabo, n. follower; protege—used in ridicule of serv-
Nablibo, x. white crane, so called because it walks at
the feet of cattle; hence,
Nablibo, ». ox and ox-cart driver.


Na-genh, pil. na-ginh, n. a spark of fire...

Nagmanh, pl. nagmenh, n. furnace, fireplace.

Nah, pr. thy. vo

Nah, adv. not.

Nahwio, pl. ahwio, a form of salutation equivalent to

“how do you do?” also, “thank you.”

Nakpunhb, (or kponh,) pl. nakpinh, n. chunk of fire.

Nanedé, pl. nanede, n. trough for cattle, ok

Nanea, pl. naneoh, n. cunning, crafty person; a wise
person; also, a guide.

Naneka, adv. cunningly, wisely,

Nane, p. nanena, v. to narrate.

Na-ne-kd-bey6, n. a species of grub that appears to
go backwards ; hence its name.

Napod, pl. napwe, n. live coal.

Nasino, n. smoke. * as

Nasino-kobtonh, pl. nas{no-kobotonh, n. ‘steam-boat, .

Natyo, n. flame of fire.

Nays, pl. naye, n. messenger.

Nayé-poa, pl. nayd-pooh, n. one who entertains a
visitor ; a master or mistress of a house.

Na, pr. him, her.

Na, prep. upon, to

Nadeo, p. nidedao, v. to be becoming.

Na-kbiine, p. nfina-kbiine, v, to be good, to be liberal.

Nana, pr. he, who.

Nanonh, pr. that.

Nine, p. nénena, v. to prosper.

Nanh, n. palm wine; also used for rum.

Ni-wond, p. nina-wond, v. to be pleasant to the taste.

Nayind, p. ninayind, v. to be beautiful. A

Nible, adv, within doors,


N&blepe, pi, niblews, x. member of the household.

Nined, pl. néneoh, 7. nurse, leader.

Ne, sign of subjunctive.

Ne, p. nena, v. to be, to live. “

Nebla, pl. neblé, n. bird.

Nebli-gide, pl. neblé-gidi, n. large species of crane,
tall as a man, black color.

Ne-fS.nd, p. nena-fé-na, v. to be fat.

Neh-te, conj, lest.

Neh, adv. not.

Neké, prep. beyond.

Ne-kudi, p. nena-kudi, v. to be pregnant.

Ne-kona, p. nena-kona, v. to be alive.

Nekba-wudi, 2. tribute money,

Nekba-wudi-kwea, pl. nekba-wudi-kweoh, n. publi-
can, tax-gatherer.

Nemne, x. dew. .

Nené-ké, prep. beyond.

Nené, pl. nene, pr. own.

Nenh, conj. and—also an expletive particle.

Neo, p. nenao, ». to sit.

No, pl. ne, pr. it,

N6, p. nina, v. to walk.

No, p. nana, v. to drink,

No, p. néna, v. to be on terms of friendship, to be
intimate with,

Néma-pu, pl. ndma-pi, n. pistol.

‘Noma, conj. but.

‘Ndmu-se, conj, but.

‘Nome-ndme, adj. sweet.

‘Nome, p, némena, v. to be sweet,

Néme-wond, p, ndmena-woné, v. to be sweet to the


Néne-m4-na, py, ninena-mf-nd, v. to narrate, to confess,

Néna-hedo, pl. néna-hede, n. drink offering.

Néna-timé, pl, nénatumo, n. a company, companion.

Noné, pl. nene, pr. this, these.

Nénonh, pl. nenonh, pr. this, these.

None, p. ninena, v. to nurse, attend to, lead.

Néneo, p. nanenao, v. to press. to squeeze,

Ngé, p. ngéna, v. to choose, to select.

Ni, p. nuna, v. to affect, to do, to cause.

Ni, n. water.

Nibo, pl. nibe, n. branch of a river.

Nibwi, pl. nibwi, n. a brook.

Niblié, pl. nibli, n. species of rattan.

Ni-bidié, pi. ni-bidi, n. a well.

Nibanh, pl. nibenh, x. a river. -

‘Ni-dabadaba, pl. ni-dabadabe, n. water duck.

Ni-gaba, pl. ni-gabe, n. .water-side.

Nihedo, pl. nibede, ». rapids.

Nihudiye, s. & p. fresh water mammal, eight to ten feet
long, dark color, head resembling that of a
hog, body lilze a fish, very thick skin. Jt is

Nihano, pl. nihane, n. valley, gulf.

Ni-klli, . ice.

Ni-keya, n. calabash for water.

Ni-kodu, pl. ni-kodi, n. a well.

Ni-na-to, n. thirst. .

Ni-na, p. nina-na, v. to deceive; make a fool of.

Ninh-se, n. pestilence that causes swelling of the
stomach, generally fatal.

Ni-nud, p. ni-nui, n.. water-pot.

Ni-sedi, n. the west.

62 | GREBO DIcrionaRy.” **

Nitie, pl. niti, n. a lake,

Nitunh, pi. nitinh, n. canal, drain.

Ni-woro, p. nuna-woro, v. to persuade, to please.

Niblo, s. & p. 2. species of locust,

Nimle, n. adultery. - |

No, pr. them.

Noanh, pl. noenh., n. ear.

Nogméanh, pl. negmaie, n. hippopotamus.

Nonh, particle equivalent to “that,” “the,” “a,” “it,” &c,

Nonh, n. bad smell. |

Nonhweyé, pl. nonhwe, 2. louse.

Noniné, p. nonandina, v. to live. well together, to
prosper together.

Nonoanh, adj, fat.

Nowine, p. nowinena, v. to love, to like.’

Nowdanh, n. landing place.

Nowifro, pl. nowdrobo, n. female relative.

Nud, pl. nui, n. earthen pot.

Nua, pi: nuoh, and nuunh, 2. maker, also creature.

Nunh, n. rain. no oe

Nunbh-sine, n. fine, misty rain,

Nunh-hedi-ba, n. heavy rain, flood,

Nunb-hié, p. nunh-hléda, v. to rain.

Nunh-klli, n. snow, hail.

Nunh-kpanh, pl, nunh-kpenh, 7. a cloud...

Nunudé, pl. nunude, n. anything done or made;
actions, avocations, employment.

Nunhweyé, n. entrails,

Nuswi, n. flesh under the jaw and ear.

Nya, adv. before.

Nya-a, pl. nyae, 2. a species of rice bird.

Nya, pl. nyae, n. a small fresh-water fish, black and


Nyae-nii, p. nyaana-na, v. to defile.

Nya-kbonh, pl. nya-kbénh, n. avery large fish, some-
times upsets canoes. 5

Nyaneo, p. nyanenao, v. to be before.

Nyanh, pi, nyenh, 7. wild goat.

Nyaned, pl. nyaneoh, n. leader.

Nya-po-winhb, n. promise. .

Nyase, . species of palm bearing a small fruit like
the date.

Nyf, pl. nyo, pr. who; any person.

Nyana, pl. nyono, pr. who; he who.

Nyanhyé, pl. nyanh, n. a remarkable species of black
ant, which goes in large companies, scouring the
country through which they travel, and eating
up all kinds of meat and insects which fall in -
their way. |

Nyinhé, pl. nydnhoh, n, enemy.

Nyinh, p. nyanhna, v. to go to stool.

Nyesoa, pl. Nyesoe, n. God; a, “nye,” contraction
of “‘nyebwe,” person, and “soa,” abiding.

Nyebwe, pi. nyebo, n. man.

Nyebey4, pl. nyebsbo, n. husband.” __

Nyebé, pl. nyebébo, adj. male.

~ Nyebé-yu, pl. nyebé-iru, n. son,

Nyeblu-tedd, pl. nyeblu-tedi, n. species of serpent, six
feet long, dark, has apparently two heads, can
move, it is said, backwards or forwards, and has
so tough a skin that it is almost impossible to
kill it. "

Nyebo-kpanh,. pl. nyebo-kpenh, ». a crowd, a host.

Nyebaero, pl. nyebaere, n. a servant.

Nye-hwé, pl. nye-hwebo,-n. great man.



Nye-pamo, pl. nye-pame, n. a very old man.

Nye-peu, pl. nye-pedi, n. a tall man.

Nye tibwe, . 9 small man.

Nye-kbada, pl. nye-kbade, n. an old person.

Nye-kranh, pl. nye-krenh, ». giant, bad man.

Nye-lad, pl. nye-laoh, . man-slayer,

Nye-tedu, p. nye-tediabo, n, a great man, an illus
trious man.

Nyebwe-tu, pr. self, one’s own person.

Nyebwe, pl. nyebwi, n. a large black antelope, size of
a bullock, with receding horns.

‘Nyené, n. day, to-day.

Nyenilyedo, pl. nyenadyede, n. day.

Nyendiru, ». morning. ;

Nyené-mi-ké, n. three days hence, or three days back,

Nyené-dia-nyd-m4, . to-morrow. !

Nyené-diade, n. to-morrow.

Nyendma, n. day after to-morrow, also day before
yesterday, also before daylight.

Nyekeda, pi. nyekedé, n. very small black fish, found
in swamps. '

Nyenh, prep. among.

Nyenhnyanhdé, pl. nyenhnyinhde, n. abomination,

hateful thing.

Nyenhnyine-kwe-ma, p. nyenh-nyinena-kwe-mé, v. to
dip hands in the same thing; hence, to eat
together, to associate with intimately.

Nyenhnyénh-winh, par. threatening.

Nyenhhni, n. the gums.

Nyenhbwi, pl. nyenhbwi, x. large black antelope.

-‘Nyenh, s. & p. n. tooth.

Nyomli, p. nyémlina, v. to be tender, as food ; also,
delicate, helpless.

Nyé6, p. nydna, v. to dawn, to suck,
Nyénh, p. nyanhna, v. to hate,
Ny&wond, nyana-wond, v. to kiss,
Nyina, n. sleep.
Nyide, pl. nyidi, n. breast.
Nyidi-ni, n. milk.
Nyini, n. dung.
Nyinyinén4, p, nyinyindna-né, v. to disagree,
Nyined, s. & p. m. small species of bat.
Nyiné, pi. nyino, n. wife, woman.
Nyine, n, name.
Nyine-woé, n. fame. *
Nyine, p. nyInena, v. to dip, pierce, throw.
Nyiné and nyineo, p. nyinépa and nyinenao, v. to
arrive at. °
Nyiné-yu, pl..nyino-iru, n. daughter.
Nyina, n. blood. .
Nyinao, p. nyinanao, v, to stand up, to stand still.
Nyiné-yind, p. nyindna-yind, v. to be ugly, bad.
Nyinéne-na, p. nyinénena-n4, v. to dislike, show aver-

sion to, trouble one.
Nyinanh, 7. thatch tree, a species of palm.
Nyind, p. nyindna, v. to spin, to twist a cord.
Nyine-tunh, pl, nyino-tunh, 2. aslovenly, dirty woman.
Nyow%, p. nyowana, v. to squeeze, to choke.
Nyuatu, pl. nyuati, n. image, likeness.
Nyesia-side, pi. nyesia-sida, n. a yellow serpent, about
three feet long, black stripes, very hard to kill,

Oh, pr. they.
Ohbe, pr. others. .

Ohdo, pr. their, of them.
Ondu, adv, no.
Onh, and onh-o, conj. or; also, adv. no,
Orinh, pl. ornh, n. town. ONS
Oranhba, n. hereditary chief.
Orobé, pl. orobae, n. crocodile.
Obe, inyj. here |
Pada-horobwe, n. a species of dove.
Pade, n. species of furred animal, much valued.
Pade-gu, pl. pade-gui, 7. lion,
Pala, pl. palabo, n. potato.
Pala-lulu, pi. palalili, n. potato vine. - ,
Pamo, pl. pame, adj. old. |
Pame, prep. within, adj. during the whole.
Paneo, p. panenao, v. to meet at the same time and
Panh, pl. panhe, n. small species of crab, dark, found
on rocks, ,
Panh, pl. penh, n. large crawfish, found in fresh water.
Panhatu, p/. panhati, n. generic name for orange and
lime trees.
Panha-bud, p. panha-bui, n. lime, orange. |
Pané, pl. pane, n. large species of lizard, often five to
six foet long, dark, beautifully variegated with
yellow spots.
Pano, pl. pane, an infant.
Pido, pl. pide, . general name for frog.
Padé, n. a kind of clay used for white-wash.


Panhnedé, pl. pinhnede, n. a trap for catching animals
or fish; also, means of support. r.

Pinh, p. panhna, v. to be sour.

Pinhno, pl. p&anhne, n. a boil.

Panhmad6, pl. pinhmade, n. something sour, leaven.

Pimfro, pl. pamfre, n. tin cup.

Pinh, p. pinhna, v. to be rich.

Pinha, pi. piinhoh, n. rich person.

Pinhno, n. trade, traffic.

Panhno-pod, pl. pinhno-pooh, n. merchant,

Pe, s. dp. n. the flying squirrel.

Pe, sing. of “w6," n. citizen, 5 <6 2%",

Pe, p. poda, v. to place, put, say, construct, make—ns
‘pe panhno,” “ to make trade.”

Pea, n. pepper.

Pebaiero, n. shade, shelter. c

Pebay6, pl. peba, n. an.insect that eats weavel; also
a leech. .

Pebeo-nii, p. pebedao-ni, beopen,

Pebe, n. light.

Pebe, p. pebeda, v. to be clear, perspicuous.

Pebd, p. pebida, v. to be cool. "

Pe-bowode, p. peda-bowade, v. to amaze.

Pede, n. bread, crackers.

Pede-konh, n. ship biscuit.

Pedi, . rope.

Pedi, p. pedida, v. to straighten, to lengthen.

Pede, p. podade, v. to promise.

Pe, p. peda, v. to land,

Pede-n4, p. pededa-ni, v. to bo left alone, as an orphan.

Pede-ni, p. pededa-nf, to discuss probabilities in
reference to an event.

Pede-yeu, p. pededa-yeu, v. to hang up or aloft.
Pedu, adj. long, tall, bigh.
Pee, adv. plainly; also, adj. plain. ,
Pee, p. peeda, v, to cross a river, to land, to load, to
Peeyé, pl. penh, n. footstep, footprints.
Pé-gmonh, p. poda-gmonh, v. to forbid, withhold, deny
a request.
Pe-hanhte-ké, ». poda-hanhte-ké, v. to believe.
Pe-kd, p. poda-ké, v. to add to; also, to charge upon,
to accuse of.
Pe-kwa, p. poda-kwa, v. to beckon.
Pe-kwéde, p. poda-kwéde, v. to box, to fight.
Pe-lu-nd, p. poda-lu-nd, v, to accuse, also to condemn.
Peméno, pl. peméne, n. whelks caused by whipping.
Pema, pl. peme, n. small bird, like the sparrow.
Pe-mé-na, p. peda-mé-nd, v. to call, to summon to work,
Pe-menh, p. peda-menh, v. to weep. -
Pe-méké, p. poda-méké, v. to trifle.
Penh, n., a sling.
Penh, . stead, place.
Penhyé, pl. penh, n. step.
Penh, n. species of bat.
Pe-na, p. poda-n4, v. to say.
Pe-nonh, p. poda-nonh, v. to smell badly.
“Penhyé, pl. penh, n. a bow.
Penhya-kpfnh, pl. penhya-kpenh, ». a quiver.
Penhya-tu, pl. penhya-ti, n. arrow.
Penhya-poa, pl. penhya-pooh, 1. an archer.
Penhyénh, p. penhyanhna, »v, to heal.
Pepa, par, n. sinking.
Pepé-né, p. pepdda-nd, v. to be pleasant,


Peps, p. pepéda, v. to get better, to improve.

Pepéero, n. shade. . . ~

Peplinde, adj. many. -r $2 uiyis

Pepl&, n. tardiness, delay.

Peplé-ka, adv. tardily, slowly.

Pepli, p. peplida, v. to change color.

Peple-wona, v. pepleda-wona, v. to discuss.

Peple-nd, p. pepleda-né, v. to talk together, to reason.

Pepé, p. pepéda, v. to improve, get better,

Pepéyedo, n. cool shade.

Pesi, n. sand,

Pe-so, p. poda-so, v. to preserve, as meat, &o.

Pe-sonb, p. peda-sonh, v. to put in store, with a view
to its remaining long.

Pe-wanh, p. poda-wanh, v. to put away, to throw

Pe-wanh, p. peda-wanh, v. to hunt. . ‘ '

Pe-wore-mf-na, p. poda-wore-mé-n4, v. to be merciful.

Pe-wore-siba, p. peda-wore-siba, v. to conjecture, to

Pe-wona-ni, ». peda-wona-nf, v. to murmur,

Peyido, n. rainbow.

Pe-yi, p. poda-yi, v. to wink; hence, ‘yeu pe yi,”
‘to lighten.”

Peyiepeyiie, adj. supple, easily bent, frail.

Pe-yero, z. peda-yero, v. to get angry with, to re buke

Pe, p. pada, v. to enter.

P&-ble, p. pada-ble, v. to begin, to keep house, to
marry. )

Péde, p. pédeda, v. to put on full dress, to attire.

Pédeyé, pl. péde, n. small sea-fish, with long pointed


P&dd-psds, adj. very thin,

Pédé-péds, adv. entirely, totally.

Pde, p. péeda, v. to pay.

Péeda, n. pay, reward.

P&, adv. securely, safely.

P&S, adj. very pleasant—applied chiefly to the feel-
ings; also, cool.

Péfre, adj. soft.

Péflé, adj. thin. Cow

Péma, pl. péme, n. tent, temporary dwelling, or
shelter. .

~Pé-nimle, p. pada-nimle, v. to commit adultery. ~

Péne-ys, p. pénena-ys, v. to visit, to oppose.

Pénh-ni, ». pénhna-nd, v. to seek.

Pénhna, pl. penhne, n. piece of timber, with part of
the branches ieft on, used for climbing palm
trees, )

Pénhma, n. riches, wealth. .

Pénh, yp. panhna, v. to clear aroad, dress timber, draw
boards, form a canoe, image, &c. |

Pénohmads, pl. pénhmade, n. graven image, or any:
thing cut out or prepared with tools.

PSo, p. pédao, v. to lie down.

Pé&pé, adv. all.

Pépe-wore-ni, p. p&peda-wore-nd, v. to perplex, to
confuse, disturb. |

Pikza, n. (Zing.) piazza.

Pi, p* pida, v. to fear, usually joined to hwanonh.

Pidi, n. grass.

Pinh, p. pinhna, v. to cook.

Pinhi, adv. afar off.

Pio, p, pinao, v. to fall.


Pi-yi, p. pida-yi, v. to be abashed.

Pimeno, pl. pimene, n. whelk, protuberance, pustule..
Pimli-y3, pl. p{mli-ye, n. hair.

Pima, pl. pime, n. small black bird.

Pipla, par. n. folding,

Pipli, p. piplida, v. to be green. os
Pipld, n. washing; also, sloth.

Pipléka, adv. slothfully,

Piplé, n. a quarrel,

Pla, n. clay.

Plade, p. pladeda, v. to tread.

Pla, p. plana, v. to bark. -

Pla-yé, p.. plada-yé, v. to. fold up.

Plimle, n. crumbs,
_ Pld, pl. plé, n. liver. Q ,
Pla, v. abbreviation of “ po-nf,” “to say.” -

Pliat, pl. plaoh, n. quiet person, m

Pla-bleeda, n. peace, tranquility of mind.

Ple, ». iron. ;

Ple, conj. before, until ;. also, sign of a question..
Ple-badé, pl. ple-bade, n. chain.

Pledonh, adv. first, in the first place. |

Plede, p. plededa, v. to change, to turn into another

Ple, pl. pli, n. shoot, young vegetable. a
Pleiplei, n. great sorrow, anxiety.
Ple-ni-nd, p. pleda-ni-na, v. to creep stealthily, as for
game or in war.

Plé, p. pléda, v. to quarrel, reprove, rebuke.

Plé, p. pléda, v. to bathe, to wash. -

Plé-diro, pl. plé-dire, n. wash-towel.

Plg-yi, p. pléda-yi, v. to speak harshly to one's face.


Pld, pl. pléda, v. to grow luxuriantly, to look flour-

Pld, pl. pla, n. a species of monkey, long black tail,
white at the end.

Plénh, adv. alone, bereft.

Plénh, pl. plenh, n. generic name of rat.

Plinh, p. plinhda, v. to squeeze, to wring.

Plifro, n. vain boasting.

Plidé, pl. plidi, x. a large, brown, venomous snake,
three feet long, large head.

Pliyé, pl. pliya, n. sword, cutlass.

Pllu, pl. pili, ». porcupine.

Ploiploi, n. trouble, harassment from labor or other
causes, |

Plu, p. pluda, v. to be white.

Pau, pil. pili, n. a bundle, as wood, &c.

Po, p. poda, v. to be mouldy.

Po, n. snuff,

Poa, pl. poe, n. a species of crab, living in water, dif-
fering from other African species in having
pointed extremities.

Po, p. pona, v. (Hng.) to be poor.

Pod, pl. pooh, n. (Eng.) poor person. .

Pobo-gida, pl. pobo-gidi, n. a small species of hawk:

Pobo, pl. pobowi, n. owl.

Pobowudi, ». alarm, as of war, &c.

Pobwe, pl. pobwi, %. wing.

Podi, pl. podibo, n. hunter,

Podo, pl. podia, n. saddle, seat in which children are
carried on the back.

Pogi, pl. pogwe, n. snuff-box,.

Poh, n. seed, applied to men and animals.

Pombwe, pl. pombwi, n. cat. +
Pombla, n. reed, rush,
Ponhenh, p. ponhenhna, .v, to preserve by drying,
salting, &c., to embalm,
Podpod, adv. very white, fair.
Popleyina, adj. all. oo
Poplinde, adj. many, ;2:/+ Se" SO
Pople-wond-ni, py. popleda-wonf-nfi, v. to converse
Popinhdé, pl. popanhde, n. anything spoiled or sour,
Popla, p. poplada, v. to fold together, as cloth,
Pople-ké-na, p. popleda-ké-na, v. to. put upon, pile
Pople-ma-n&, p. popledu-ma-nf, v, to mix together.
Pople-woro, p. popleda-woro, v. to be of one accord,
Popo, m. hearth, =’
Popo, p. popoda, wv. to add to, to stoop down.
Popode, ». produce, as grain.
Powd, pl. powé, n. thigh.
Powa, n. multitude.
Pédo, pl. pdde, n. frog.
Pda, n. white clay, used for ornamenting the body,
or whitening houses,
Pdmbla, n. seed, rush,
'Ponhd, p. ponhana, v. to be feeble.
~ Priste, pl. pristebo, (Hng.) n. priest.
Pri, p. pruda, v. to sell or give.
Pro, pl. pile. n. neck.
Préfete, p. prdfetebo, n. (Hng.) prophet.
Profesaie, p. profesaieda, n. (Hng.) to prophesy.
Prdsclaite, pl. proseluitebo, n. (Jéng.) proselyte,
Prri-nf, p. prruda-nfi, v. to anoint.


Pru, p. pruda, v. to be white.

Pu, adj. ten. ,

Pu, p. puna, v. to be full, satisfied with food,

Pua, n. perspiration.

Pubwi, n. dust.

Pudu, adj. flat, plain-like.

Pudu, p. pududa, v. to be careless about the house,
person, &c.

Pudu, adj. slovenly, careless.

Pudu, p. pududa, v. to be empty, to be void.

Pudo, n. lime, whitewash,

* Pumo, nm. ashes, fy 0 ees,

Pumnu, n. powder.

Pumbwe, n. gun-lock pan.

Pumuni-n4, p. pumunina-né, v. to leap, jump, gesticu-
late violently, ,

Punh, pl. pinh, n. gun.

Punhnonh, n. gunpowder.

Punhdi, pl. punhdia, n. bullet, shot.

Punha, pl. pwinh, 7. rocks or reefs on which the sea

Puni, p. punina, v. to boil, as water.

Pudbla, n. species of lily. |

Puplé, n. whiteness, 9 ae

Pupwé, p. pupwéda, v. to shake the head contemptu>

Putu and putuputuka, adv. vainly, to no purpose.

Pu-wudi-nd, p, puda-wudi-nd, v. to be dim.

Pirneptrne, n. large black flying insect, appearing in
houses at night.

Pwemigéeyd, pl. pwomigée, n. sca-fish about a foot


Pwédpwés, adv. softly, privately.

Pwikie-bwi, n. an animal about the size of a cat, red-
dish color, lives chiefly on fowl.

Pwikle, . great heat.


Rauro, pl. raure, n. garment,

Raurobo, n. pantaloons,


Sa, 7. soup, stew.

Saa, pl. sae, n. a small fresh-water fish, whitish color.

Sadede-yeu, p. sadedade-yeu, v. to catch anything
thrown up. .

Sagna-budu, pl. sagna-budi,. ». species of rat which
feeds on ordure, and smaller rats and fruits. It
has a long nose, and emits a disagreeable odor.

Sanh, n. intelligence, information.

Sanh-yé, pi. sanh, n. a species of ant, commonly called
white ant; its proper name is termes, pl. termites.
It is very destructive to all wooden buildings.

Saonh, ». one of the first great causes; according to
some, the father of foreigners.

Sapoté, n. mist, twilight, cobweb.

Saunh, n. joy, gladness,

Sauh-po-ta, n. a small black insect of the spider family,
remarkable for spinning large fine webs very

Sauro, pl. saure, x. bundle of rice, consisting of
twenty kroos,

Sa, n. womb. re

Sabo, pl. sibe, x. worm.


Sabo-miina-miina, n. the jumping worm.

Sibo-jaunh, n. red worm, or ordinary earth-worm.

Sikrefaise, p, sakrefaiseda, (Hng.) v. to sacrifice.

Sikrefaiseda, n. sacrifice.

- Sika, n. gourd with pebbles or beads tied to it, so as

“ to make a noise when shaken. It is used os an
instrument of music.

Se, n. lie. |

Se, p. seda, v. to leave, to endure, to remain, to leave

Sebade, adv. nevertheless, notwithstanding.

Sebe, pl. sebia, x. small bird, size of the sparrow,
black buvk and white breast, found in flocks.

Seble, pi. sebli, n, net to catch game.

Sebli, x. pestilence,

Sebwe, p. sebweda, v. to float.

Sebetabe, 2. bird like sebe, but with a long tail.

Seda, ». end.

Sedi-teble, n. precious things, jewels.

Sedika, adv. appertaining to a gentleman.

Sedi-yu, pl. sedi-iru, 2. a gentleman.

Sedibe, pl. sedibo, n. free citizen.

Sedo, n. excuse, obstinacy.

Seeda, adv. long ago.

Sekre, adj, good, proper, fortunate,

Sekreedee, adv, rightly, properly.

Se-kia, pl. sekfoh, n. liar.

Seke, p. sekeda, (Zng.) v. to shake, to move,

Sekeda, n, (Hng.) shaking,

Se-lu, p. seda-lu, v, to rest upon, remain unsettled.

Seni, 2. gold.

Senhsenh, adj. sweet, fragrant.

Senane, p. senanena, v. to measure, to mock,
Senhnonh, n. sweet smell.
Senh, p. senhna, v, to search, investigate.
Senhyé-nf, p. senhydda-né, v. to rise, move upon, (as
smoke,) to gesticulate angrily or violently.
Senh, n. broken particles of rice.
Senha, n. secretion from the nose, <;,-;.
Seo, p. sedao, v. to forsake.
Seonh, pl. sonhwe, 7. corner, termination.
Sero, n. bar of a river.
Sesdné, adj, early.
‘Sesduh, adj. double.
Seya, pr. other,
Seya, n, skill.
Seyiinedd, pl. seyinede, n. miracle, v Kee ets,
Seyiino-pod, pl. seydno-pooh, magician.
Se-yeu, p. seda-yeu, v. to disappoint.
Seyé, p. seyada, v. to excel, to overcome.
Seyo, n. species of cloth, striped.
Seyo, pl. sowe, n. a sea-fish, two feet long.
Seyo, n. feces, excrement of any kind.
Se, p. stda, v. to pare, cut off the rind.
Scba, n. smallpox.
Scbapliyé, n. a hard white stone. .
Sébe, 2. measles.
Scbawude, pl. sebawudebo, n. a spy.
Scbisdbs, adv. softly, gently, deliberately.
S&bayu, pl. sébai, three Aawe, or small bunches of rice.
Séba-pliyé, 2, a hard white stone.
Sebwé-ah-kranh, pl. sebwé-th-krenh, n, ancle bone,
Side, p. stdeda, v. to go over, search over, pervade.
Stde-wond-na, p. stdedade-wont-nd, v. to catch one’s
words out of the mouth,


Sédesde, adj, few.

S35, adj. clean, fine.

Scké, n. gold ornament.

Scklé-yd, pl. sdkle, n. (#ng.) shekel.

Sonh, p. sonhna, v, to praise.

Scyd, adj, genuine, true, right.

Sdyo, pr. itself, yourself.

Shiu and shiyu pl. shuwi and shui, n. spirit.“ . — ;

Sianode, pl. sianede, n. wonder, miracle.

Sid and sie, p. sina and siena, v. to burn.

Siade, adv. nothing in vain.

Siade, n. triumph.

Sif, pl. sis, n. stone, rock.

Sif-pa-hwé, n. a great stone.

.Sid-yedee, n. granite rock.

Sibo, pl. sibwi, . warp of cloth.

Sibo, pi. sibwi, n. shadow.

Sibwi, pl. sibwi, 2. conceit, imagination, guess.

Sidu-tu, pl. sidu-ti, n. tree yielding gum, pitch..

Sidu, n. pitch, gum from the sidu-tu.

Siedonh, adj. nine.

Siti, p. sitina, v. to grind, to mash.

“Siyu n. heat, flame.

Si-yi, p. sina-yi, v. to come to, to collect one’s thoughts,
refresh one’x self.

Sida, n. council.

Sidéde, p. sidédeda, v. to covet.

Side, p. sida, n. snake.

Side, adj. ripe as fruit; also, pure as water; hence,
applied to doctrine,

Sideka, adv. transparently, clearly.

Sided, p. sidedda, v. to be clear, transparent.


Siku, ». (Zing.) school.

Silva, n. (Zng.) silver.

Stnonh, 2. play, sport.

Sinonh, 7. a magical preparation used to induce per-
sons to do anything desired, as to make a woman
leave her husband for another. Hence, applied
to the act resulting from this process: as ‘a ya
sinonh,” “she has brought sinonh,” or “come to
marry a new party.” °

Sinegigé, pl. sinegige, n. (Lng.) synagogue.

Sini-yé, p. sinina-yé, v. to straighten ; also, to enchant,

Sina-nd, p. sinana-na, v. to wipe, to rub off.

Sing, n. cutaneous eruption, like itch.

Sind, p. sintna, v. to fine.

Sina, p. sinena, v. to blot out

Sina, n. term used for God in fables and songs.

Sinonh, n. sting of bee, sucker of mosquito, beard of
rice, fibre of palm nut.

Sisingnhe and s{ndnhe, adv. to the brim: e.g, full to the

So, inj. word of contempt. .

Sobo-yind, p. soboda-yind, v. to mix together, as rice
and water.

Sobwe, p. sobweda, v. to float upon.

Sodo, 2. shoals.

Soda, pl. sodi, n. bottle. .

Soko, p. sokoda, v. to stretch forward the neck in
intense gaze.

Sonh, n. mire, marsh.

Sorh-wond, p. sonhna-wond, v. to pout.

‘Sonh, pl. swenh, nm. arm, .

Sonhpla, pl. swenh-plé, n, muscle in the arm above

the elbow. -

Sonhdede-nya, p. sonhdada-nya, v. to pout.
Sonhgodu, pl, sonhgodia, n. elbow.
Sonhineanh, pl. swenhmeanh, n. wrist.
Sonhboma, pl. swenhbomi, n, part of the arm between
the wrist and elbow.
So-0, p. socya, 2. lizard, horse.
Soro, p. soroda, v. to stretch forth.
Sos&pe-tu, n. (Zing.) sour-sop tree.
Sosdpe, n. fruit of the sour-sop.
Sowa, adv, secretly.
Sowiinhe, 2. sea-fish, a foot and a half long, whitish
Sowate, 7”. secret slander.
Sowanh, p. sowanhna, wv. to scour.
Sowa, 7. tree with fruit like the walnut.
Sowa-bui, n. fruit of sowa.
Sowa, n. agony.
‘Sowanh, adj, grievous.
Stnh, adj. two.
Sinh-sdnh, adj. two and two,
eSdnh-tu, pl. sdnh-ti, n. the fun-leaf palm.
Su, p.suna, v. to chink, to cover so as to conceal,
Suboe, p. suboéda, v. to be in great confusion or
Sudié, pl. sodo, n. cassada.
Suah, pl. suinh, x. pestle.
Su-na, p, suna-na, v. to be taciturn.
Suah, p. sunhna, v. to be deaf.
Sunhwé, n. influenza, cold in the head.
Sunh-yidé-kwa, n. a very large species of caterpillar.
Sunh-sunh-kanh, ¢. d& ». a species of crab, so called
from the idea that eating them produces deafness.

Sunu-donh-sdrh, 7. a small ant that bites once, twice—
hence, the name. ;
Suriy6, pl. suri, ». species of tree resembling white oak,

Suwe, p. suweda, v. to struggle.

Suwé, p. suwédna, v. to masb..

Suwe-na, p. suweda-nd, v. to wriggle.

Siimne, n. marrow.

Siinde, n. (Jing.) Sunday.

Siinh, x. forest.

Siinh-kai-gi, pl. stinh-kai-gia, n. a variety of spider
which walks on the water.

Siinh, p. stinbna, v. to be corrupt, to rot.

Stitnh-tu, pl. stinh-ti, n. the fan-leaf palm. a

Stirktimsaise, p. stirktimsaiseda, v. to circumcize. ¢«"..!

Swa, p. swana, v. to be very ill.

Swabua, pl. swabui, n. fruit of fan-leaf palm.

Swanh, 2. whisper.

Swamadé, n. meat.

Swenh, 2. generic name for ant, usually applied to
very small pismire.

Swénh, p. swanLaa, v. to teaze or puzzle with ques-

Swé, p. swada, v. to talk secretly, to slander.

Swée, 2. cocoa-nut tree.

Swée-bué, pl. swenh-bui, x. fruit of the cocoa-nut tree.

Swénh, 2. affliction, trouble.

Swénh-yid, pl. swénh-yiunh, n. an afflicted person.

Swénh-nyebwe, pl. swonh-nyebo, n. a poor and afllicted

Swénhne, ». swénhnena, v. to speak evil of any one.

/ Swé, pl. sowa, n. species of ant-cater, three to four feet
Jong ; when disturbed, it rolls itself up into a hole.

Swi, p. swina, v. to sting.
Swinh, adv. scatteringly.
Ta, (after ha,) . to find out.
Ta, (after th,) n. sake.
Ta,n. salt.
Taa, n. spectacle, show.
Taba, pl. tabwe, n. calf of the leg.
Tabataba-yi-buo, 7. small bird of shining black color ;
it makes a chirping noise.
Tabéyé, pl. tabe, n. board.
Tai, pl. te, n. stone of palm nut. °
Tai, jol. te, n. heart, kidneys.
Tagé, pl. tage, n. species of hawk, preys on small birds.
Takataka, adv. confusedly.
Takade, p. takadade, v. to drive hard, to overdrive.
Tama, pl. tame, n. a pledge.
Tamna, pl, tamne, n. ordinary black-fly.
Tanh, adj. three.
Tanhdé, pl, tanhde, n. armor.
Tanh, pl. tenh, ». stem on which fruit grows.
Tanh-kbinh, ». war fence or wall.
Ta-pi, s. & p. smal] rice bird, dark brown color.
Tausene, n. (Zng.) thousand.
Tausene-wenh, 7. thousands.
Tafay6 ,pl. tafa, n. herring.
TA, n. fire, night.
Titbo, pl. tibe, n. a very large and broad fish; the
natives say as large as a small house.
Taibo, s. & p. species of lizard, reddish color.
Taded, pl. tadeoh, n. teacher. /


Tido, pl. tide, n. handle of an axe.

Tido, or twado, n. constellation of the Great Bear,
so called from resemblance to an axe-handle.

Tahwinh, p. tihwanhna, v. to be late.

Tinh, n. wisdom.

Tinh-kaa, pl. tinh-kfoh, n. wise man.

Ti-po-dé, or ti-po-hedo, n. burnt offering.

Tiyedo, pl. tiyede, n. night.

Tilyede-kee, n. insect of the locust kind ; it attaches
itself to a tree or side of a house, and makes a
chirping noise through the night.

Tiba-du, pl. tiba-du, n. large species of rat.

Tibanekdle, (Zng.) n. tabernacle.

Te, adj. some, certain other.

Te, p. teda, v. to descend upon, assuage, also to load.

Teé, def. v, equivalent to “is.”

Te, with “neh” prefixed, conj, lest.

Te, n. thing, matter, subject—-used as the Latin “res.” “

Te, def. v. to continue, e. g., “oh te oh ni nd,” “They
continue to do it.”

Tea, . a species of monkey, remarkable. for never
letting go its hold.

Tea-kwa, adj. holding on, e.g., “&ne tea kwa,” lt,
has a hand like “tea.”

Teble, s. & p. things.

Teble-blia, pi. teble-blioh, n. creditor.

Teble-dia, pl. teble-dioh, . an eater; hence a spoiler.

Teble-yd, pl. tebleda-yé, v. applied to the sun’s course
past meridian. ;

Tebe, 2. an animal somewhat smaller than 4 cag,

Tebwe-lu, pl. tebwi-li, 2. a hill.

Tebaé, pl. tebe, n. basket.


Te, p. teda, v. to lay, as wood; to load, as a gun.

Teda, pil. tede, n. net.

Tedé, pl. tedi, n. a striped mouse.

Tedi-tyo, s. dp. the common mouse.

Tedé, adj. first.

Tede, p. tededa, v. to stretch out, to visit.

Tede-y6, p. tededa-yd, v. to show to, exhibit, appear to,

Tede-yede-ké-nd, p, tededa-yede-ké-na, v. to be ring-

Tede-yede-ké-nfi, par. striped.

Tede, pl. tedi, n. a law.

Tede-poa, pl. tedi-pooh, ». a lawmaker.

Tedu, pl. tedia, ». torch.

Tedu, pl. tedia, adj. illustrious.

Tegai,/pl. tegaoh, n. umpire, judge, arbitrator.

Te-hlad, pl. tehlaoh, n. a judge, lawyer, speaker.

Te-hla-ti, n. judgment time. |

Te-hadedé, pl. te-hadede, n. sacrifice, atonement. ”

Tekénahéyaa, pl. tekénakeyaoh, n. on arbitrator, one

who explains. |

Telu, pl. teli, n.a vine, the leaf of which produces
smarting when rubbed on the skin.

Tend, pl. tene, n. small black ant.

Teng, pl. téne, n. small bird, dark shining color, long
bill, feeds on the sap of flowers; species of hum-
ming bird. |

Tedi-pof, pl. tedi-pooh, n. a law-maker.

“Tetd, n. temptation, trial. 4 tecle: 7
Téné, adv. as,
Ts, adv, when, since.

~Té, p. tdna, v. to try, to tempt.
Té, p. tana, to cross over, to survive, to anoint.


Té, p. téda, to send, to eat; also, to gather, as wood.

To, p. tada, v. to behold.

Tébe, adv. where, in what place.

Ts, pron, that; also, sign of potential mood.

Tobld, p. tébleda, v. to be tender. 7

Teboe, p. tobida, v. to sprout, as from a branch that
has been cut off.

Téd6, pl. tede, n. place.

Téde, adv. perhaps.

'Téde-tih-tede, adv, sometimos, any time, by and by.

Tédenaté, pl. tédendtéoh, mn. messenger. -

Téé, adj. right, proper.

TS, p. téeda, v. to thrust out,

TSkade-ni, p, ttkadeda-né, v. to overdrive,

Tékéde, p. takadade, v. to bein distress or perplexity,
to trouble.

Jékré, n. sap ; also, glue.

Té-kwa, p, tana-kwa, v. to escape.

Téncka, adv. temptingly, tryingly.

Tonia, p. téda-nd, v. to release, to let go.

Téne-wond, p. ténane-wonii, v. to taste.

Ténh, ». thunder.

Téno, pl. téne, n. muscle, artery, vein.

Téné, adv. where; also, conj. as,

Téna, adv, there.

Téno, pl, téne, n. specific name for a variety of insects
of the grasshepper family.

Téo and td, p. tadao, v. to look upon.

Ts, p. téda, v. to pick up, e g. “a téda aid,” “he
picked up stones.”

Tet, adv, softly, carefully.

Tétinonh, adv, now, instantly.


Ti, « & pn. time.

Ti and tu, p. tina, v. to abide, to dwell.

Ti, p. tuda, v. to approach, as timo, « g., “td widid
tuda,” “as night approached.”

Ti, p. tuda, v. to speak.

Tibo, pl tibwa, n. species of frog, living chiefly in

Tibwe, adj. short.

Tibwe, p. tiboda, v. to take leave of.

Tibwa, n. credit; goods taken on credit.

Tibwa, pl. tibwi, n. family.

Tibwa-nyind, pl. tibwa-nyino, n. a family woman
separated from, or without a husband.

Tibwi-did, pl. tibwi-dioh, n. debtor.

‘TidSmonanhe, n. place where two roads meet.

Tidd, pl. tidi, n. road, ant-hill, mound of earth.

Tide-bano, p. tideda-bano, v. to tantalize, to tempt, to
try, to make afraid.

Tide-wond, p. tudade-wond, v. to suborn.

Ti-dumu, p. tida-dumu, v. to mourn,

Tidie, pl. tidi, n. pillar, mound, hillock.

Tidi, n. the dross of brass.

Tidi-nyYne, p. tidida-nyine, v. to name.

Tieta, (Hng.) n. theatre.

Tid, pl. ti, n. half, part, piece.

Ti-gne, p. tuda-gne, v. to answer.

Ti-kranh, y. tuda-kranh, v. to dislike, to bear ill-will.

Tiko-nyin6, p. tiko-nyino, n. widow. ~

Timiya, pl. timi, x. pillar.

Timeyu, pi. timeiru, x. a young man.-

Tine, conj. as.

Tine, adv. where.


» Tinuké, adv. now.

Tina, n. dwelling place.

Tinh-ble, ». tinhna-ble, v. to keep home,

Tinhtinh, x. perfect silence.

Tinhi, p. tina, v. to be so much.

Tio, p. tudao, v. to honor, to promote.

Tio, p. tudao, v. to place,

Ti-swénh, p. tida-swénh, v, to afflict, to persecute.

Titeata, adv. sometimes, .

Ti-woro-wudi, p. tuda-woro-wudi, v. to comfort.

Ti-yede, p. tuda-yede, v. to make peace,

Ti-yé, p. tuda-yé, v. to place before.

Ti-yima, p. tida-yima, v. to keep, to observe, to take
care of.

‘Tiba-daro, pl. tiba-dire, n. widow’s dress.

Tigre-tigre, ady. all together.

To, n. desire.

Toba, s. & p. species of porcupine, differing from the
ordinary one by having shorter quills and longer

Toblu, pl. tobli, x. large white crane.

Tobo, n. herb used in seasoning.

Toda, pl. todi, n. a long basket used in fishing.

Todi, s. & p. n. straw.

Todobawude, n. a deep hole.

Tohanh, pi. tohanhe, n. fishing bird, blue color, size
of common fowl.

To-kai, pl. to-kiya, n. store house.

Toma, n. tobacco.

Tomayah, pl. tomayeh, n. pipe.

To-nyebwe, pl. to-nyebo, man. .

To-neblé, pl. to-neble, n. sea-fish, about one foot lonv.


To-na, p. toda-n4, v. to touch.

Tonhwanh, n. pregnancy by fornication; applied as
an adj, to illegitimate children.

Tonh, pi. tenh, n. canoe.

Tonh, n. war.

Tonh-ké-kraa, pl. tonh-ké-kriob, n. captive.

Tonh-kwioh-ih-kpanh, pi. tonh-kwioh-&h-kpenh, n.
an army.

Too, n. deportment, conduct.

Too-wudé, pl. too-wude, n. large-sized menkey, black
back, red sides, white underneath, black tail.

Toto, pl. tote, n. fruit, production.

Towa, pl. towana, v. also, twane, p. twanerh, v. to

Td, p. tina, v. to buy.

Tdmbwi, . an herb or shrub possessing powerful
cathartic properties.

Tréré and triradi, n. yesterday.

Tu, p. tuda, v. to push,

Tu, pl. ti, n. tree, stick.

Tu, ». form, appearance.

Tu, n. foundation of a charge, proof.

Tuawé, pl. tuawa, n. chimpanzee.

Tufnh, pl. tuinh, x. foundation.

Tude, pi. tidi, n. whale.

Tude, pi. tidi, n. trap.

Tue, p. tueda, n. to thrust, to push,

Tudié-tu, n. temptation.- (Ae }

Twinh, pl. twanh, n. black antelope, very large, reced-
ing horns,

Tukridef, pl, tukrddeoh, n. witness, ¥

Tunh, x. a lot.

Tutidé, pl. tutide, n. a post.
Tutu, pl. titi, n. o trap.
Tutuple, 7. a dale; also, a desert place,
Twaa, 7. hollow in a tree.
Twanh, p. twanhna, v. to shoot with a bow or gun.
Twe, p. twena, v. to shoot forth, to kindle, as fire,
Twenh, n. shame,
Twenh-d6, pl. twenh-de, n. a reproach.
Twe, p. toda, v. to yield abundantly.
Twe, p. twana, v. to strike, as with a stone or gunshot.
Twene, p. twanena, v, to be early at any thing.
Twenh, n. an indigenous tree of the mimosa species ;
the natives rub the leaf on their faces when
about to ask a favor, with the idea that it will
be granted, from shame to refuse,
Tw6, pl. twu, n. hatchet, axe.
Twéde, p. tideda, v. to show, to teach.
Twénh, pl. twanh, 2. a species of monkey.
Tyo, n. steward.
Vau, (Eng.) n. vow.
Vénhe, n. native blacksmith’s hammer, or piece of
iron so used,
Wa, p. wada. v. to save.
Wa, pron. their.
Waa, pl. wae, n. side.
Wadiu, pron. themselves.
Weh, x. anchorage.
Wainend, p. wainenane, v. to be equal, alike, to fit, to


Wanh, n. wilderness, bush.

Wanh-dié, pl. wanh-duoh, n. clump of bushes.

Wanhne, p. wanhnena, v. to lose.

Woanh-pido, p. wanh-pide, n. small species of frog,
living in trees, sometimes in houses.

Wanh-widi-bida, n. a place of refuge.

Wanede, y. wanendde, v. to come out at—in nautical
phrase, ‘to make a place.”

Ware, n. sorrow.

Ware-ka, adv. sorrowfully.

Wai, p. wida, v. to be faint, to be withered, wearied,

Wa-kd, p. wida-ké, v. to be weak. e

Waniwini-ka, adv. peaceably, quietly.

Wainh, p. winh-na, v. to be tired.

Wa-piyd, pl. wi-pd, n. fresh-water fish, dark color,
two or three feet long, the body smooth and

' ghiny like the eel. ,

We, p. weda, v. to weep, Yofret coe |

We, p. woda, v. to go out.

Weda, pl. wédabd, n. son-in-law.

Wedede-nii, ». wededade-nd, v. to change or veer about
rapidly in the wind.

We, p. woda, uv, to grow luxuriantly, as rice.

We, p. woda, v. to appear, as the new moon; tocome
out; to put or bring forth, as “&h we nyind,”
“it brings forth blood;” “éh we wuldi,” ‘it
brings or costs,money ;” also, to contribute, e. 7.,
‘oh we wuldi;” “they contribute money.”

Wee, p. weeda, v. to cause to go out.

Woe-fonhyd, p. wéda-fonhya, v. to foam.

We-htru, p. woda-hiru, v. to come or grow out of the

ground; also, to remove.


Wea-kd, p. wdda-ké, v. to defend.

We-kt, p, woda-ki, v. to be in trouble.

We-nyine, p. woda-nyine, v. to be famous.

We-na, p. weda-na, v. to warm at the fire,

Weo, p. wodao, v. to depart.

We-td, p. woda-td, v. to appear, to remove.

We-wo, p. woda-wo, v. to bruise.

Wé. pl. of “ pe,” n. citizen. oe

Wé, adj. all.

W6, pl. n. fishhook.

W6, pl. wabo, x. chimpanzee.

Wéde-winh-kwa, p. wédeda-winh-kwa, v. to protest
solemnly. /

Weéde-nd, p. wédeda-na, v. to humble oneself, as a sup-
pliant, to entreat, to press earnestly. °

Wéde-yé-né, p. wédade-yé-ni, v. to complete, to be in
full measure or weight.

Wéde, p. wedade, v. to be able,

Wéde-yé-nd, p. wodade-yé-ni, v. to be complete.

Wee-wo, p. wida-wo, v. to wound.

Wee, p. wéeda, v. (Lng.) to weigh.

Weéenh, n. wine.

Wé-fe-né, p. wéda-ft-nd, v. to be lean.

Weé-hine, ». wéda-hine, be free from dirt, to be

Wé-la, p. wéda-la, v. to go over, to porvade.

Wé-li, p. wéda-li, v. to collect together.

Weé-ma, p. wéda-mii, v. to finish, to bo ready. 4

.Wénaa, n. grape-vine.

Wé-naa-kbadi, n. vineyard.

We-ne, p. wida-ne, v. to be exhausted.

Wénh, p. winhna, v, to hear. la


Weonh, p. wdnhda, v. to break.

Wanhde, n. crockery.

Wé-ne, p. wéda-ne and wé-n4, p. wéda-nd, v. to be

Wenhne, p. wenhnane, v. to confess, to assent.

Wéenhne, (yd and ké,) p. wénhnena, v. to assent.

Wenh, n. sun.

Wenhcho, n. noon, 2 c¢e

.Wénhcho-widid-ka, n. immediately after, noon.

Wencho-dibade, n. dinner.

Wone-ké-nd, p. wSnena-ké-na, v. to be even, or level.

Wéo-ni, p. wedao-né, v. to he exhausted. <«:<*

Wess, n. small, brown, venomous snake, ~

Ws-te-y6, p. wéda-te-yd, v. to possess great ability.

We-y6, p. woda-yé, v. to be in love with.

Wi-bloble, s. & p. plant having thistles,

‘Wide, widéka & widsti, n. evening.

“Widé-dibabe, supper.

Wie, pl. wi, n. week.

Wiise, n. (Zing.) whiskers.

Will, n. (Zing.) wheel.

Winh-na-wored, pl. winh-né-woreoh, n. flatterer.

Winys, and winhé, n. mouth, entrance, shore.

Winh, n. word, voice, language.

Wio, n. salutation.

‘Witu, pl. witia, ». thorn.

Wisubé, pl. wisube, n. shoe.

Wiwé-winh, par, n. weeping, ver tet.

Wo, pl. we, n. wound.

Woda, p. wooh, ». kinsman.

Wod6, pl. wode, n. shield or buckler.

Wade-né-chéché, n. nakedness.


Womleyé, p. womle, n. small sea-fish,

W6-ma, p. woda-m, ». to let alone, to permit.

Wonhbwé, p. n. hearing.

Woah, pl. wenh, n. day, time.

Wonh-donh, adv. at one time.

Wonhdonbh-ih-ta, adv. at once.

Wona, p. wonana, v. to spit out.

Wonf and wunf, n. mouth,

Woni-ni, p. wondna-ni, v. to make friends, by spitting

Woni-kbobo, pl. wond-kbobi, n. lip.

Wond-foulna, pl. wond-fouhne, a trumpet.

Wonene, p. wonenena, v, to be cool ; also, to be slug-
gish, inefficient.

Wonsne, p. wonénena, ». to shine,

Wone, p. wodaine, v. to be wounded, or make a sore,

‘Wone, p. wonena, v. to burn.

Worada, p. woraddda, v. to explain, to interpret.

Wora-wudi, n. one who casts brass or iron, &c.

Worse, p. wordda, v. to cast, as iron or brass; also, to
unloose, to untie, to upset.

Woro, adj. twenty.

Wore-sénh, adj. forty.

Woré, p. wordda, v. to pour out.

Woréda, p. wora-da, v. to explain, to turn on the back.

Word-yi-ya, p. worada-yi-ya, v. to look upon.

Wori-bro, p. woradii-bro, v. to destroy, to throw down.

Wora-wona, p. woradi-wond, v. to devour greedily.

Word-wona, p. worida-wonti, v. to be insipid, to want
seasoning. |

Wordd, adj. insipid.

Word, n. a native game.


Wora-yé, p. worada-yé, v. to turn back,

Woré-sibé n. conjecture, speculation.

Woré-sibad, pl. wors-sibaoh, n. a speculator, a conjec-

Wore-né-pepada, n. trouble, affliction, perplexity.

Woré-kudi-né-gd4, adj. one broken-hearted.

Woréde, p. worédedd, v. to reproach, to implicate ;
also, to unloose.

Worés, p. woréddo v. to capsize, to be at rest.

Worédé-na, p, worddadé-na, v. to be abundant; also,
to be much in the heart,

Woré-na, p. worédd-na, v. to be quick.

Woradé, pl. worade, n. a song. ’

Woré-heds, p. woéradi-hédé, v. to cry out, to shout,
to speak loudly.

Wora-chéa, n. a poet, a minstrel.

Woro-woro-sdbe, s. & p. n. small bird, size of the spar-
row, dark shining back and white breast.

Woro, pl. wore, n. mind.

Woro-kpra, 7. a girdle.

Woro-kidi-tui, pl. woro-kudi-tuoh, ». a comforter.

Woro-ni-ké-na, adj. good of heart.

Wore-ké-nanaé, n. good-will.

Woré-woro-ni-na, p. worédd-woro-ni-nf, v. to be cool,
deliberate. (Zit. to pour water on the heart.)

Woré-woré, adv. quickly.

Woré-te, p. worada-te, v. to transgress,

Woro-yé kinh-nedd, n. treasure.

Wo-te, p. woda-te, v. to pay a fine or contribution. ‘!

Wow’, n. salvation, foc:

Wowodne, par, flaming; also, dry, ready for burning.

Wowora, par. transgressing.


Woworé-na, p. woworéda-na, v. to confuse.

Woworeé-na, p. woworéda-né, v. to hasten.

Woworé,-yind, p. wowdréda-yind, v. to be mixed to-
gether, to confuse. |

Wowédé and wéde, pl. wowéde, x. crockery.

Wo-teble, p. woda-teble, v. to increase.

Wowora, p. woworada, v. to deceive.

Woworé, p. woworéda, v. to bewitch.

Wo-yé, p. woda-yé, v. to be like.

Wo6-nyine, p. woda-nyine, v. to make known, to reveal.

Wratre, n. wickedness; usually, licentiousness, .

Wraure-ka, adv. wickedly.

Wraured, pl. wratreoh, wicked person, a rowdy.

Wude-ti, n. a tree bearing a bitter nut which is eaten
with salt as a tonic.

Wide, n. fruit of the wade-ti.

Wide, p. wideda, v. to rest.

Widebwe, n. wilderness,

Wide, pl. wuda, 2. species of scorpion, whitish breast
and dark back—tho bite often fatal.

Widsé, 2. breast.

Wido, p. wudeda, v. to multiply ; also, to roast in the

Wudo, n. channel.

Wodida, pl. wididi, n. grave.

-Widida-kai, pl. witdida-kiya, n. a sepulchre.

Widi, prep. within. |

Widi, pl. wida n. goat. .

Widi-bdya, pl. wide-be, n. ram.

Widi-bado, pl. wida-bide, n. half-grown goat.

Wadi-yibwi, pi, wida-yibwi, n. kid.

Widibade, n. cattle.


' Wadi, n. money, beads.

. Wadi-kwéda, 7. treasury,

~ Widi-kwad, pl. widi-kwéoh, 2. publican,
Whdi-brinh, pl. widi-brneh, 2, purse,
_Whdi-kinedé, pl. widi-kinede, n. a bill, Fe. ef.
Widise, pl. widisi, . chair, seat. |
Widid, pl. widioh, n. herald.

Widebwi, n. a small collection of temporary houses.
Wild, pl. wilt, n. a very poisonous species of spider,
brown, with hair on the legs and back.

Ware, n. public drum of the sedibo.
Ya, prep. up.
Ya-boyé, p. yada-beyii, v. to be barren.
Ya, p. ydda, v. to enter.
Yade-ya, p. yideda-ya, v. to ascend, to go or come up.
Yide, p. yddade, v. to be fulfilled, to be verified.
Yadede-honhnonh, p. yddedade-honhnonh,v, to breathe.
Yé-blolad, n. height.
Yo-bli-kai, pl. yd-hla-kiya, v. high house, hence a
- tower,
Yib, pl yeh, n. a pot.
Yakra, p. yakrada, v. to harden
YA, adj. one.
Y4, pl. yd, n. seed of plants.
Yapinha, pl. yapinhdh, n. cook,
Yo, adv. not. (4c. |
Yebli-lu, pl. yabli-li, x. grey head.
Yobli, adj. clean; white, Jilke rice.
Yeda-nil, p. yedadd-nd, v. to ask,
Yoda, pl. yedaodh, n. a beggar.


Yedanh, adj. full.

Yedii p, yeddadd, v. to make smooth or level.

Yedaf, adj. smooth, not hairy.

Yedebd, n. summer, dry season.

Yedé, p. yedéda, v. to wash, to melt, dissolve; also, to.
boil. |

Yedéde, p. yedédedd, v. to walk round, to go along
the shore, .

Yadi, adv. also, .

Yéedi-sibo, pl. yedi-sibe, n. a worm found in the man-
grove tree.

Yeds, p. yeddda, v. to withor.

Yedo, pl. yede, . large fresh-water fish, three feet
long, whitish body.

Yedo-wéde-nebla, pl. yedo-wéde-neblé, n. ao large
species of crane, 80 called because it is heard to
ery at the close of the year.

Yedo, pl. yede, n. year.

Yede, n. deceit, hypocrisy.

Yedeka, adv. deceitfully.

Yeda, adv, exactly, only. ,

Yedi, m, mangrove tree.

Yedi-tomaya, n. fruit of the mangrove tree.

Yeke and yekee, intj. good luck, good! well! .

Yero, nm anger, |

Yerohwanh, pl. yerohwenh, . a small snake, one foot

long, brownish, not very venemous.

Yeu, pl. yeui, n. sky, heaven,

Yeu-kpanh, pl. yeu-kpenh, n. cloud. CO

Yeu-sibo, pl. yeu-sibe, n. a large variety of worm -
which, on being touched, throws out from holes _
on its back a whitish fluid. | SO

. 6

Yoya-kwéyé, pl. yeya-kwée, n. a fresh-water fish of
reddish color. .
Yeyedeii, pl. yeyedeoh, nm. n deceiver. --
Yeyeds, n. hypocrisy, deceit. -
Yeye, pl. yeya, n. dream. os
-Yeyeyai, pl. yeyeyaoh, n. a dreamer.
Yeyeds, p. yeyedéda, v. to smart. y
pO, pl. ye, n. piece, place.
Y6, p. yada, v. to bring, to rise, to.ascend.
Y8, p.yéda, v. to say—little used except in the pres-
sent tense.
YO, prep. to.
-Yoba-diiro, pl. ySba-dare, n. small piece of cloth worn’
by women in front.
‘Y¢ba, adj. private, retired.
Yeboyebs, adv. softly, as in walking.
_Yéble, p. yébleda, v. to be soft.
Yoble, adj. soft. .
Yede, p. yodeda, v. to find, to meet with.
Yeéde-n4, p. yadeda-ni, v, to invent, to introduce,
discover, create. e
Yée, p. yacda, v. to bring in, cause to enter. F
Yéea, pl. yGeoh, n. an accuser. i
Ychwinhé, ‘pl. yohwanhoh, n. adversary, as in battle.
YO-k6, p. yada-k6, v. to overtake, come upon,
Yckade, n. hindrance.
Yo-kranh-wudi, p, yada-kranh-wudi, v. to vex, to trou-
Yémuned, pl. ySmuneoh, x. an antagonist. [ble.
Y6-nd, p. yeda-nii, v. to boast, to excite oneself to fight.
Yéo, p. yadao, v. to find, to come upon.
Ydo-na, p. yadao-nd, v. to come, to arrive.
Yotedé-fro, 2. shewbread. ”


Ydtededs, pl. yetedede, n. anything for exhibition,
Yswé-winh, n. courtship, swect words, =
Yi, p. yida, v. to see, to fill, to dance.
Yi, pl. yie, n. eye. |
Yibwa, pl. yibwi, .-a face.
Yibwa-daro, n. a veil.
Yibwa-hiénedé, pl. yibwa-hiénede, n. an offering.
Yidi, adv, also.
Yidi, p. yidida, v. to steal.
Yidia, pl. yidioh, n, thief. —
Yide, pl. yida, n. genericterm for monkey: = °
Yida, pl. yidi, n. looking-glass.
Yida-fud, pl, yida-fuoh, n. window.
Yido-na, p. yidoda-na, v. to understand, recognize.
Yidodeds, pl. yidodede, n.asign, | -
Yidu, pi. yidi, n. a black snake, 6 feet long, veriomous.,
Yi-dd, p. yida-dé, v. to regard, to value; with “ neh” ‘wer!

prefixed, to despise. |
Yidodedé, pl. yidodede, n: a piece of charcoal; also,

black paint.
Yido, n. large sea-fish, black color.
Yi-lu-nd,p. yida-lu-nd, v, to despise, to be proud.
Yimépoii, pl. yimépooh, n. a beggar. - «
Yini, conj. also.
Yinind, adj. fine, beautiful. — -
Yipie, . dread.
Yipod, pl. yipooh, n. witness,’ .
Yitud, pl. yituoh, n. keeper.
Yitikumé, pl. yitikumi, n. greon pigeon.
Yi-w6, adj. barren. vo
Yi-yi, p. yida-yi, v. to intend or design. _
Yiyi-ni, n, flond.


Yiyide, pl. yiyide, n. price, ~
Yiyika, adv. intentionally. i 7
Yi,adv.too,also. oe
Yodi,n. mangrove tre. =. ot
Yoke, (Zng.) n. yoke. . a mg
Yonhwanh, p. yonh, n. palm. tree, producing the oil of
Y6, p. yoda, v. to bear much fruit, ~ § [commierce.
‘Y6ba, p. ySbida, v. to soften.
Yoba, ydbada, v. to be soft.
YobaySba, adj. soft.
Yu, pl. iru, n. child,
Yude, n. the womb, 42%)
Yu-lu, pl. iru-lu, n. eldest child.
‘Yu-plenh, 2, child born prematurely.
Yundke, (Zng.)n.eunuch, =
Yu-wéde, pl. iru-wéde, n. youngest child.

Zanb, n. flirtation. . ;
Zanh, n. intelligence, information.
Zanh-bulu, , musk-rat.
Zanhtitodo, . rain water. |
Zanbgmanh, n. showery rains in Jan. and Feb.
Zanhtodo, pl, zanhtodi, m. pool of standing water.


Zénh, p, zéohna, v. to praise; also, spelt “sénh.”
Zeno, pl. zéne, n. small root.
Zodo, n. apprehension, disquietude.
Zoro, n. bar of a river.
Zu, n. stringed instrument.
Zunh, n, confusion, shame.
Zuku, p. zukuda, v. to shake together.