A dictionary of the Grebo language in two parts

Material Information

A dictionary of the Grebo language in two parts
Place of Publication:
Fair Hope
Printed at the press of the A.B.C.F. Mission
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
124 p.


Subjects / Keywords:
Grebo language -- Grammar ( lcsh )
Spatial Coverage:
Africa -- Liberia
Africa -- Côte d'Ivoire
6.5 x -9.5
8 x -5

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS University of London
Holding Location:
Archives and Special Collections
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
596065 ( ALEPH )
794220525 ( OCLC )
EB83.288 /23602 ( soas classmark )


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In settling the Orthography of the Grebo Tanguage, a se | |
tious difficulty has been encountered, in the great diversity of i
pronunciation which prevails. In relation to a very large pro- 14
portion of the words of the language, it would be a difficult, | ; :
if not an impracticable task, to find any two individuals in the | a
same cotnmunity, who would pronounce the same word in pre- 4 |
cisely the same way; atid what is still more remarxable, the if i
same individual would not be likely to pronounce the same word | i
in the same way on two different occasions. This diversity in a
pronunciation arisesia part fromthe commutable nature of a a
large number of their consonant sounds, and partly, from the t
want of a written standard. And to this latter cause, may be i
attributed the great number of dialects which are to be met with | 2 |
in Africa. In every separate community there is a tendency i
| to the formation of a new dialect; and these dialects will con- _ : |
tinue to multiply until they are restrained by the introduction | |
of written systems. The rule adopted in the Dictionary, of fix- Li
ing the orthography of words, has been, to select that pronun- |
| ciation of a word, which upon extensive inquiry, has appear- | |
ed to be generally used. Ina few cases, where ithas been :
ascertained that there were not more than two pronuncia- Fl
tions of the same word, both of them have been retained, and |
may be used in writing, without necessarily occasioning g |
any confusion, 4
A very cursory notice of the pages of the Dictionary, will | i
show, that a large number of English words are laid down, | |
which have no exact counterparts in the Grebo, and in all sucly in
cases, the idea has been expressed hy the use of a phrase. | |
| |
2 | a]
| | al
: Se 5 ee 4 5

| :
For example, the word sorry has no corresponding word 1%
| the Grebo, but has to he expressed by a certain phraseology,
as, wari ni na, sorrow affects him. In like manner, the word
- drunk has no corresponding adjective in Grebo, but is trans-
lated as follows, nah ni na, rwn affects [works] him. On the
E other hand, there are words in the Grebo, which cannot be
| converted into the English by the use ef a single word. Thus
I the word wo means from, when used as a preposition; when it
L | is converted into a verb and is inflected, in the past tense it
| becomes a woda, he fromed (if the word were allowable) a cer-
ie tain p'ace, and must be rendered in English, he came from:
i Another circumstance equally werthy of notice, is that there
| ~ are many words in Grebo and English which correspond with
L | - each other on cne or two peints, but do not in all the shades
| and variations of meaning which respectively belong to the
| two words. ‘The following examples will illustrate this re-
L | mark. The English word barren may be applicd to a female,
|] to a tree, or to unpreductive Jand, Vhe Grebo word which
H corresponds with barren when applied to females is yabiya,
but the same word could not be applied to an unfruitful tree
Ht or to sterile land. The Grebo word kréda may be applied to
unproductive land, but not to females. The English word thick
may be applied to a turbid liquid, to a dense cloud, to the di-
ameter of a solid body, to a dense forest &c., but for each of
i these the Grebo lias an independent word. In English we
i -. have one word for washing the face and hands, the body,
H clothes, or dishes, but the Grebo has an independent word for
1. each one of these. The translations whicl. are appended to
: most of the Grebo words, were designed not only-to show their
derivation, but likewise the limitation of their meaning.
; The consonant sounds which it has been found necessary
| to be used, are, b, d, f, g, h, j, k, 1, m,n, p, r, 8, t, V, We Yo
& 2 ane iceicpaiaieact eel mua ae ————— = :

@ndz. The letters, v and z do not occur more than once or
twice. W and y are never used as vowels; y however at i
‘the beginning of a syHable always has the prolonged sound |
of i, and cannot always be distinguished from it. The letter
thas, and more frequently after b and p, a rolling sound, as i
if it had a half vowel or sheva before it. In all such cases
it is written double (II) to distinguish it from the simple and i
imore common sound. “There is a sound intermediate be- \
tween band p, which is extremely difficult of articulation,
but is evidently made up of k and b, and is characterized by |
kb. In uttering it, the lips are tightly compressed, and the
«xniration is forced out, so as to give the lips a quivering mo- “Fi
tion, When this character is preceded by a vowel sound, ;
the k always attaches itselfto the vowel which precedes i
it, and the b assumes its simple and natural sound. Thus 14
kbe @ pause when preceded by nu, becomes nuk-be to make
a pause. Besides this, there are a good many consonant i
combinations peculiar to the language. The following are /
common, bw, mo, hm, ml, nh, hy, gn, ny, hl, kh, and ky. |
The combinations gn and ny are employed to designate the . | i
same sound; nh is always fouid at the end ofa syllable, and |
employed merely to indicate the nasal sounds of the vowels;
kh has the sound of ch in our word chemistry. The letter h
* . at the end of syllable, serves only to distinguish words
which are sounded alike, but. have different signtfications. i
‘The consonant sounds constantly run into each other, and — /
occasion no.small confusion in the pronunciation of words. . ‘
Some ofthe more common interchanges of this kind are, ] and |
r,randd, band p,n andd&e. The vowel sounds which 1
have been used, are, a sounded as a in father, e as ain hate, :
ias iin machine, 0 aso in note, u as u in rule and oo in 4
inood,and their respective modifications, which are 4 sounded Hl
: i
7 ss a

BE :

EE |


| as ain awe, Aas a hat, é ase. in met, i}, 6 as 0
= not, i as u in but.

e | Each one of these short yowels viz a, €, 1f-6, 0, have a
| corsesponding nasal sound or sudden fecthing up of the veice
| in utterance, which is usually idicated by the finalah,andin —

LE a few cases by h alone. The dipthongs are ai sounded as 4
| pine; aw as ow in how; iwasu in pure. No letters are ad-
LE | miited into the spelling of a word which may not be distinct-
Le | ly heard in the pronunciation. There area few words so
i | completly nasal, that they cannot be properly speiled by any
| | combination of letters. ‘Vhe word for five is spelled hmu and
Le | eh-hmu, but this is an arbitrary combination. ‘This class of
- words however are not numerous.
Ie The Etymol: gical principles of the language as laid down
HP | in the Grammatical Analysis, have, upon more thorough in-
EI | vestigation, proved to be generally correct. The singular
HI and plural forms of the nouns are laid down in the Dictiona-
| ry.. ‘The pronouns, especially, in their combinations with o-
| ther parts of speech, will be best understood by reference to
| aS the Analysis.
= | In relation to the verb, those parts of it are laid down
H | from which the others are derived, viz. the Present Tense of
| the Indicative, the second person singular of the Imperative
| (when it differs from the Present Tense of the Indicative) the
| Past tense, and one of the forms of the Infinitiye mood. Gre-
H bo verbs have two voices, the active and the passive. The
i | passive voice is not much used; ils use is avoided by circum-
Hef Jocution whenever it can be; thus instead of saying he was
: loved by the people, they say, the people loved him, instead of
saying, he was killed, they say, some one hilled him, &c. - A
| large number of verbs in the Grebo, which would correspond
| with what we call neuter verbs, are inflected lie actiye yerbs |



and have an active signification. ]
Grebo verbs have five Moods, the Indicative, Imperative, i
Potential, Subjunctive and the Infinitive*. The same form |
af the verb, (as will be seen by reference to the paradigm. in
the Appendix), belongs to three of these different moods, 1. ¢, i
the present tense of the Potential, the third person -singular E
and all the persons plural of the present of the Subjunctive |
and one of the forms of the Infinitive are the same, so that the fi
phrase be nu né, may mean, Tinust do ttt If Ido it, when Ido |
it, and to do it, and the sense in each case must be deterni-- |
ned by their relation to the other members of the sentence i
and the force of the context. -
* There is no mood in the Grebo to’correspond with what is
ealléd in our {nglish Grammars the Potential, and what in i
the Latin Grammars is denominated the Subjunctive mood. 4
To say I may dott, they use the adverb bedane, which means, \
perhaps, may be so &c. and use a phrase like the following, be- i
dane mi né numu, i.e, may be Lam going. to dott. To say, I {
ean do, they say, waidé be nu né, i.e, 1 am able'to do it.
+ It is doubtful whether the form be nu, and its: kindred i
words, ba nu, beh nu, ba nu, bah nu, and boh-nu, belongs to: i
the Infinitive, or is to be regarded as a verb in the Subjunc-
tive or Potential, used where-an Infinitive would be according.
to the idiom of the English. \
+ The following is the manner in which the Past Tense of- \
the Subjunctive is conjugated 1’st Per’s singular Ne nu né, if: /

I did it, 2’d Per’s singular, Neh nu né, if yeu did it, 3’d Per’s- |
singular, Ba nu né, if he did it, i’st Per, plural, Ba nu ne, |
if we did it, 2’d Per. plural, Bah nu né, ifye did it, 3’d Per: ‘|
plural. Bohnu né, if they did it. The Subjunctive has. the force |
eithea of when or if.





: Grebo verbs have no less than thirteen tenses, viz, the Pres
Ee FI sent Tense, the Indefinite Past Teuse, the Imperfect Indefi-
Fh nite Past Tense, the Past Tense of to-day, the Imperfect Past
| | Tense of to-day, the Past Tense of Yesterday, the Imperfect
| Past Tense of Yesierday, the Past Tense of time previous to
Li | Yesterday and the Imoerfect Past Tense of time previous to
He | Yesterday, the Indefinite Future Tense, the Future Tense of
| || to-day, the Future Tense of To morrow, the Future Tense of
He | time subsequent to To-morrow.
ia | The Present tense of most verbs is the same with the SECs
H | ond person singular of the Imperative. In some cases~ii is
i {| expressed with, and in others without the auxiliary verb ne
Fl to be; thus they say nin’, I do it, orniné ne, Lam doiag it. :
LE | | The Indefinite Past Tense has reference to an action that
i" | has been completed, but indefinite as to the period of its com- =
| pletion.
f The Imperfect Indefinite Past Tense refers to an action
| I | that was Incomplete at an indefinite past period.
I tt The Past Tense of to-day, refers to an action that was com-
i | pleted the same day. The Imperfect Past Tense of to-day, re-
|| fers to an action that was incomplete some past hour of the day.
i The Past Tease and Imperfect Past Tense of Yesterday, :
| | refer to actions which were periormed or were in the act of
LE performance yesterday,
ae The Past Tense and Imperfect Past Tense of time previous
aaa “to yesterday, refers to actions which weve completed or were
\ | | in a state of performance sometime previously ta yesterday.
FE The Indefinite Future Tense refers to some indefinite fu-
f | sture period. The Future Tense of to-day reférsto some
| | transaction which is to take place to-day.
Â¥ The Future Tense of to-morrow refers to transa*tions of
| | “to-morrow. The Future Tense of time subsequent to to-mar-
bot |
LT |

row, referg to transactions which are to tae place subsequent- "|
ly to to-morrow.* The Indefinite Past Tense sometimes tahes | |
the place of the cther past tenses, when more particular ref | i
erence is had to the completion er incompletion of an action, 1
than to the time of its performance, and the same may be said i
in relation to the use of the Indefinite I'uture ‘Tense, and the \
other Future Tenses, (amore satisfactory view of the verb
may be obtained by reference to the paradigm in the appen- |
dix.) : : |
Vhe Passive voice may alva:s be knewn hy its taking | |
the letter e after the final vowel of the Active voice, which is li
carried through all the moods and tenses.
‘The intervegative verd imay be kuown by its taking a final &, |
which without particular care, may be mistaken for one of i
the radical forms of the verb. In some cases the letter 6, in- L
stead of being connected with the, verb, is shifted to the end of |
the sentence. 5
There is an adverb cf place (dé) which aly ays incorporates
itself with the verb whenever there is any reference to place; I
thus, 4 mudé Bligi, he went (there) Bligi—a munadé BhgiXs.
It may be found in almost every tense and mocd of the verb i
There is a large class of verbs which are found connected |
with nouns and prepositions, and are seidom used without |
these adjuncts. In all such cases, the noun or ; reposition is
joined to the verb by means of a hyphen. ‘The word g>vern- 1
ed by verbs of this class are always to be found between the |
verb and its adjunct. Thus a pe-yera’, he is angry, 4 po na |
yera, he made him angry. In the Infinitive mood, the adjunet i
Be ee nt eee e
* The Future Tense is formed by using the auxiliary mi to go |
instead of will or shall as in English; thus mi né numu, Lane i
going to do u#, and not I will do it it. |


, |

: 5 ri






i : whether it be a noun or preposition always precedes the verb;
| but-in the other moods, it follows. Thus 4.mi nf yerdpodémus
HY ° .
1 | hers gome to make him angry.
| ‘The Appendix not only contains a number of words which
f were omitted, but likewise an ample reference to words,
I which though not strictly synomymous in English, are so in
i} | S 7 ?
Hi} ~ . ~~ . At .
i | Grebo. Ifthe word sought is not found in the body of the Die-
i | _ tionary, it may be in the Appendix, and reference will there
| be given to the word to which it most uearly corresponds.
i | Many important English words are omitted, both in the body
MH of the work and.the appendix, because there are no corres-
hf : . ° . ‘
i | ponding words for them in Grebo. Words which pertain to
F | the Christian religion, the arts and improvements of civilized
| life, terms which strictly belong to moral and physical science,
are of this class. Foreign words may be introduced into the
a 8 x
i | tanguage by giving them.a vowel termination when they end
it | in a consonant sound, :
it ' :
i} {
a |
| :
i |
He ;
i | :
} =
He t :
i , S
a |
| | :
| 3 |
iE |
th : ?

| - | 1)
, : -
3 & |
| OF THE _, , 1
(FIRST PART.) : | |
i i
A 7 ll
Abandon, v. seo & -se; p. seda,, first means the sky, & the o-
imp. seo & se, inf. s'emu. | ther the head. |
Abash, v. twé ni mli, or ka twé,'Abort, v. po yu plénh; to pro- }
i.e. shame works me, or I} duce an immature young. Hi.
have shame. Abound, v. ka plandi; to have 4 I
Abate, v. teyana, p. tedayana| a plenty. |
&c; this word in a strict sense About, prep. kredé; when the Ii
means ‘‘to go down,” rather; word is used in the sense of, _ i:

than ‘‘to lessen.”’ relating to, éh-te or ah-ta is
Abet, v. mao & ma, p. mando,| employed & means, the things I
imp. ma, inf. mamu. of. : i
_Abdomen, n. kudi. Abscess, n. ginh, sid & pana; - bi
Abhor, v. gna & gné, p. gnan4; the first is generick, and in- !
inf. gnamu. cludes tumours of all kinds; )
Abide, v. ne, p. nena & neda,| the second meansastone,and . qi
imp. ne, inf. nemu is applied to those that are I
Able, a. bé & kunah. hard only; the last refers te EH
Aboard, ad-kobotonh-kudi & ko-, tumours ofa smaller size. — = |
botonh-wudi; the first means;Abroad, ad. 4 mu daba; i.e, he I

in the belly, of the vessel, is gone a stranger. 1

_ & the other on the vessél’s Absent, a. ye-dé; not here. : : i
deck. ‘Absorb, v. mla, p. mlana and | ||
Abode, n. tedéh & blih, pl.; mlada, inf. mlamu. I
bleh. Abscond, v. hudi, p. hudida, |
Abolish, v. wora & woré. p, wo-, inf. hudimu; the same word t |
rida, imp. wora, inf.woramu.| means to conceal. f |
Abominate, v. (see abhor) Abase, v gninnéidu; this word . i

_ Aborigines, n. bro no-ah gne-| has great latitude of mean- I
bo; men of the soil. ing. 4
Above, prep. yau & “Iuh; the|Abundant, a. plandi, peplandi, i


: ; ey f |

= :

bm « - . e ; i

F . : 3

i L Soe = 12 AG

f |

i E poplandi & pimlandi. Afar, ad. hia; this word i
f F Accept, v. du &.kba, p. kbada,)' sometimes verbalized, & ther
| ‘inf. kbamu; the latter which] the past tense becomes hladi,
Ht Ot is the one most commonly|Affair,n. blidi pl. blidi.

used, means to carry or take|Affirm, v. yé, yi, pe& po, p
ce away. (of the two former) yéda & yi.
I Accomplish, v. wé-m4, p. wéda-| da; (of the two last) plik
i F mii; the subject of this verb] pond, imp. po & tu, inf. po-
| _ always comes between its} mu. .

Ht | syilables. Affront, n. (see insult)

= : Accompany, v. kwé, p. kwé-|Afraid, v. pihwinu, p pidi,
= ds; imp. kwé, inf. kwému. — hwany &c; the noun which
| Acknowledge, v.4 pla ahwih;| is the ‘Subject of this verb,
= ie. be says yes. comes between its syllables,
Al I ' Acquire v. 4 yite plandi, or a] as, pi ua hwanu, heis afraid
Fi | ut-te plandi; he has seen, or| of him &c.

pf made many things. Again, ad: di. $

. ee] Aocuit. v, téna, p. tédana inf./Against, prep. teo.

i | ténadmu. Age, n (there is gno word for
i fet n-déh. this, a native would-ask, how
Hy Ache, v. khéné and kré. old are you?)

= Acid, a. le. Aggregate, v. kwe, p. kweda,
i ' Active, a. bokbuda. imp. kwe, inf. kwemu.

Ht | Adage. n. dadeh. _ +jAggregation, n. duh Pp. dih,
E.| Adhere, v. mao, p. madao, impiAggress, v. towa-kedidih; 1.¢,
| mt ma, inf. maomu. : to begin aggression.

i | Admre, v. nowani, p. nowani-|Aggression, n. kedidah.

I EI : né, inf. nowanimu. Agitate, v. puba, p. pubada, inf
| = Adult, n. kunh-gnebwi. pubamg.
| L | Adyantage, n. (see excell) Agree, v. gida, p. gidada inf,
I | Adversary, n. gnaa pl. gnaoh.| gidamu.

Pe | Advise, v. (they have no other/Ague, n. nibakbé. ¢

J way to express this, than tojAhead, prep. gnah.
iF | : say I told him to do so and so)|Aid, v. ma, p. maona, imp. ma
i | : Adultery; (to comit) v pa-nim-| inf, mamu.
i ae le, p pada-nimle &c. Aim, v. so, p. soda, imp. so, inf.
et | Adulterer, n. saura-gnebwi or| somu. ae
be raura-gnebwi,pl raura-gnebo/Air, n. pepeiru.

Hi | Adulteress, n. raura-grina, |Alcohol, n. kobo-nah, i. e
| } '
| : :
tr ?
| Sa ee )
rf. , :
i = : a


AM ig. AN i |

white man's rum. or I have uttered true Hf
Alike, a. wowodé & woyé; the words. - |

- gyllahles of this word are fre+Amiable, a. hah; this word has |
quently divided, the first go-| great latitude of meaning: | i

ing before, & the latter fol--Among, prep. gneh.— | i
lowing the noun which it/Ample, a. boa & hwé or hwo. | i
qualifies. Amuse, v. ni bokadé; makes |
Aliment, n. dibadi. amusement. i i
Alive, a. ne-kuna. Amusement, n. bokadé. iB
_All, a. pépé. Ancestry, nu. bubno; fathers. } i
Allegory, n. dideh. Anchor, n. dul: pl. dih. |
Allow, v. ba. Ancient, a. daka. eae |

_ Almost, ad. yeba & dora; thelAnd, conj. né, idi, ka& ka-he; |
,word kwa near, is also used} the syllables of the last }

in the same sense. mentioned are divided, .the ee 1 \
-Alone, a. aduh; he one. first going before, & the oth- e | ;
Along, ad. ide; generally join-| er following the noun which ie

ed to tide path. is coupled; it never couples

_ Alter, v. ha-li; the objective) more than two nouns howey ae
| case of this verb, comes be-| er, i |
tween its syllables. Anecdote, n. mlih. wy

_ Altercate, v. pllé, p. plléda, infiAnger, n. yera. i
pliému. ft Argle, n. seya pl. soyé. I
Altercation, n. popllé. Angry, v. peyeré, p. pediyera, ; i

_ Altogether, ad. popleyina. inf. yerapomu; the noun gov- ft
Always, ad. ti biyé; i.e. time] erned by this verb goes be- j ti
every one. : tween its syllables. : ti

| Am, vy. ne & ma, p. nena, nanajAnguish, nv wari baka; grief ; |
and mana, imp. ne, inf. ne-| very great. i

| mu and mamu or mama. Animal, n. nekuna. -~ ‘ {
Amass, v. kwé, p. kwéda, imp|Ankle, n. sébwa pl. sébwe an
kwé, inf. kwému; the samejAnnoyance, n. swch, 5 |
word is used in the sense of|Anoint, v. plluna, p. plludanda, ue i
accompany. imp. plluna, inf. 1a piluma. { F
Amaze, v. kbu, p. kbuda, infj|Another, a. abi, pl. ohbe. 1 F

; kbumu. Answer, v. wal, p. waina & i
_ Ambition, n. woro-hwé; big} waida, imp. wai, inf. waimus .
heart. iy Antelope, n kasedah. : .

_ Amen, ad. hahtenu; true words, |Antick, a. (see buffoon) a
} eee 4 |
t = : : i i.
‘ ve « fl 4}
= i @

| | |
HE i aR. ta AT
| [ ; Anvil,n. blA-sid; a blacksmith’s) kra, inf. kramu. |
stone. Arrive, v. di ne; is come.
| Apart, a. béda. Art, n. sia.
HE .. Appease, vy. pla-ble p. pli-|As, conj. kré.
| bleda, inf. plablemu; i. e. to|Ashore, ad. bobo yéh.
A | : settle orassuage the liver. |Artery, n. téhnah, pl. téhneh;
| Appetite, n. (there is no word) they make no distinctior
| in the language to corres-| between arteries & veins.
| pond with this; to express the/Ascend, vy. mu yah; go up.
/ sensation of hunger, they ys v. twé ni or ka twé3
PR kanu ni mii, i. e. ‘ hunger| i.e. shame works him, or
fe works me’) he has shame.
| s Applause, n. hih gnene; good'Ashes, n. pumu.
HES name. Aside, ad. béda & wih.
} Approach, v. kwané, Pp ees v. ira, p. irada, imp. ira
Fy | na, inf. kwanemuy; this word) inf. iramu.
| is also used as a prepos:tion.|Asleep, ad. moa ne.
Lf Approve, v. [-ee admire} — Assasinate, v. [see kill]
= Arbitrate, v. gida bl'di;. adjust|/Assault, v. hla, p. hlada, inf.
Rye the palaver. hlamu. :
Fl | Arbour, n. kapa pl. kape. Assembly, n. poka,
ty Are, n. ne [sce am] Assisi, n. [seé aid]
a Arise, v. du-yah, p. duda-yah,jAstride, ad. dé bo dénh bo; here
Ree inf. dumu-yah. a leg & there.a leg.
: | i Arm, n. sonh pl. sowénh. At, prep. dénh; this is also u-
| rk Aamful, n. yie-sonh kéh. ~ sed as an adverb and means
| L Armilet, n. sonh-bwide pl. sonh-| there. = '
Fee .- eenliS Ate, v. [see eat]
AH Armpit, n. honoma. - |Atmosphere, n. [see air]
ET: Arms, n. tadeh. Attempt, v. téné & tédé.
} cs. Arouse, v. ha na nyinu; i. e Attendant, n. yie-tua, pl. yie-tuu
HH pull him from sleep. — Attire; n. raure. 2
i . Arrange, vy. mléné; p. mléné-|Avaricious, 2. nowani or kra-
bin da, inf. mlénéinu. wore te; he loves or burns |
BIE Arose, v. dudi-yah. | for things. i. e. money.,
It Around, prep. gradé; this word/Averse, v. [see abhor|
eae = is alsoused as a verb, & then/Aunt, n. buh-ah noiro; a fath-
aie it means to surround. | er’s sister, or deh-ah noara,
tik Arrest, v. kra, p. krada, imp.] i. e. mother’s sister.
| :

BA 15 BA i
Author, n. buh; father. i this kind.
Awake, v, wo nyinu; from/Bamboo, n, nyéni & diéma; it
sleep. there being two species of |
Awkward, a, muni. this plant known te this peo- |
Axe, n. twéh, pl. twah. . ple. ; |
Banana, n. kuh pl. kwih;- this 2 i :
; word is distinguished from |
Bs. the word, Kuh ‘‘Devil,” in |
| pronunciation by the pro- t
longation of its vowel. i
Babe, n. pano, pl. pane. Bane ,n. wéh; the same word : |
Baboon, n. katuwi. is also used in the sense of P|
Back, n. kéh; this word also} bewitch; the people seem ff |
means. surface; & still more} not to distinguish between Hf
frequently, it is used ag a) an actual material poison, & iH
preposition, & means wpon. | the super-humau influence i
Back, ad. li, and sometimes di.| of witchcraft. |
Backbite, v. hlina li; i.e. toBang, v. [see beat] ; ff
speak behind him. Banish, v. ha na orah, i. e. to 7 4a
Packoone, n. kéh-dakra. take or pull him out. of the '
Backwards, ad. kéh. town. I
Bad, a. gninné, and sometimes|Bank, n. sedu. |
gninnéidu; the syllables ofBar, n. (of a river) nihba.. ~ ti
the last are frequently ae n. tuh-kah; the tree’s
arated, the two first go-| skin. i
ing before, and the two lastiBark, v. (of adog) be, p. beda, i)
following the word that is} inf.bemu. | I
qualified. Banquet, n. (There is no wor& i

Radge, n. yidoda. to correspond with this; te
- Bag, n. blah, pl. bléh. say aman makes a feast, it is.
Bait, n. méh. a pié gnebo, i.e ‘‘he cooks 4]
Bake, v. wudo, p. wudoda, ‘nf.| for men”) a
wudomu. Barrel, n. juri pl. jure. es I
Bald, a bokba. Barren, a. yabiya and krédé; |

' Ball, n- budube. ‘| the first refers to females,, i
Ballard-singer, n. togya-hita-| the latter to unproductive Li
blea, a female singer; dabé &| lands. : i
béh-blia, a male singer; there|Barricade, n. tabwi: i
being a variety of offices. of\Barter, v. pane-po. - i

5 * |




, fi


7 |


? wr 3 eae Cr ee . x
/ :

fe: BE 16 BE :
| F a Base, a. (see bad) ee, n. do pl, do.

Tt Bashful, a. 4 ka twé or twé ni!Beehive, n. dotuh; bee’s tree,
it ni: i, e. he hag shame, or|Beef, n. blli-ih fai; cow’s flesh,
HF shame works him. Before, prep. ple, when the re-
Ht Basin, n. buyi, pl. buy. ferenceis to time; gnah when
| | Basket, n. téba, pl. tébaye. -| it means in front of.

i Bastard,n. raura-yu & tewayu.|Beg, v. badi, p. badida, imp.
| Bat, n poéné. badi, inf. badimu. It is fre-
| E Bathe, v. nih bi, i. e. to go into} quently pronounced bari.
AP the water. They use one/Beget,v. ni; (see do)

BE ii. word to express bathing in a Beggar, n. yidaa.

i : ‘3 : stream, another for washing Begin, v. tu, p. tuda, imp. tu,
BPE the body with a towel, & a inf. tumu. This word does
Hf third for washing the face,| not convey the full meaning
i hands, feet or cloth; for the} of begin, except when itis
HY second they use, plé, for the) connected with or accom
| third yeda. panied by the word huru or
| J Be, v. (see ain) hudu, which means in the
Pree | Beach, n. idu-winh; the ‘sea’s| ground or well grounded; the
I | ; = word, or the place where the; original meaning of the
Et | sea makes a noise. phrase is very obscure. The
| Bead, n. wudi. same word is used in the
| f | Beak, n. (of a bird) hedah pl.) sense of keep, & ina few in-
Hit ys _— hedéh. ; stances to speak. The word

Lh . Bear, n. (to carry) kba, p. kba-| tow is used in the same
da, imp. kba, inf. kbamu |; sense,

DEES Beard, n. mamé (Begrudge, v. peyimé p. peda
LE} Beat,, p. bida, imp. bi, inf.| ytmé, inf. yimépomu.
ft | ‘bimu. ae poking, prep li, sometimes di,
BEER ek ‘Beautiful, a. nono & noino; this) and not infrequently kéh.

EE: e word also means sweet. Behold, v. yi, p. yid&, imp. yi,

in ec ‘Because, conj. kari. inf; Sane << 055
Pre: -Beckon, v. pona kwah; he mo-~ Belch, y. kle, p. kleda, imp. y
eas tions with, or stretches ‘his inf, klemu.

| hand. oie v. woro-yé; the mean-

| Fe ‘Bed, n. kah pl. kwéh; a mat! ing of this word is that my
Rik or skin. heart or mind says There is
ae Bedtime, ad. pé ti; time to lie} no simple word in the’ lan-
FTA _ down. guage to express this: idea;
| | | |
Pi 3 |

| |
BE 17 2 es I
& the same combination isem' ney. a
ployed for the word think &c.\Betray, v. pro, p. proda, inf. |
Bell, n. bikr:, pl. bikri. | promu; this word means, in it i
Belong, v. ka or na ka né, 1. ®.) strictest sense, io sell. | |
he has or owns it. Betreth, v. t6 or pro; i. e. to | EI
Bellows, n. fribudi. buy or sell. y
Belly, n. kudi. Eos prep. heidi. : | |
Bellybound, a. kudi-ka-yéh; Bewail, v. (see mourn.) ! i
the belly shut up. |Beware, v. foné & mayo, i |
Bellyfull, n. kudi-yié &nipu. |Bewitch, v. pe-wéh-yé; the i
Below, prep. biyo & bah. noun which is governed by
Belt, n. wodo pl. wode, this verb comes between the ‘
Bemoan, n. (see mourn) first & second syllables. fi
Bend, v. k6 & kéné,-p. kénédaj|Beyond, prep. gnih. iB
or kina, int. kému- —|Bid, v. leli, p. lelida, imp. leli a
| Beneath, prep. (see below.) ~-| inf. lelimu. i |
- Benefactor, n. buh; father. Big, a. boxh, hwo & hwé, i
| Benevolent, a. hib. Bile, n ninnapona & sena. ft
= Beseech, v. (see beg.) _> |Bill n. (of a bird) henah 14)
| Beside, prep. wah; the samej)Pillow, n. boahdoh pl. boaldeb, Hi
| word is used as a noun and/Bind, v mo&h, p’ moahna, imp. Fi
, then it means the side. Idil moah, inf moahmu. - L
; when connected with tide,/Bird, n-nible pl. nibla.
the path, also means beside.|/Birdsnest, n. niblé-ah hlth. |
Besmear, v. & pedé ‘dui plah,|Riscuit, n. pede. i
| i. e. he hascovered -himself|Bitch, n. bwihkba. i
_. Sewath dirt: Bite, v. mli, p. mlida imp. ml,
Besom, n. (see broom) | inf. mlimu. |
| Best, a. chhio pépé; adjectives|Ritter, a. kra & gninné. 4
in this language adinit of no|?lack, a idibo & idikpobo. ‘
| degrees of comparison; to ex-|Blacken, v. nu-idibo. 1
press the comparative they|Rlacksnuth, n. bla-gna.
say, one thing passes orex-/Rladder, n. loba pl. lobé. t
ceeds another; & to express|Slade, u. (of a knife) yéh. i
| the superlative they say, this|Blame, v. There is no. word to |
or that excells all others) correspond with this; they |
. asin the phrase above. say simply that “he did so |
Bestow, v (see give.) & so”, : |
= Bet, v. podé-wudih; stake mo-|Bleach, v. nu béh plu; make Hi
SS |
H |
. |

; rt i ae eR = =
t t '
| | BL 18 BO ;
white. Bolt, n. meyu-tuh; the door’s,
i Bleareyed, a. yt swé. | stick,
|) [ Bleed, v. we nyina & ha nyind.|Bone, n. dakrah.
res | Blead, v. khebo, p. kheboda, Book, n. kinidi; this word com-
| inf. khebomu. prehends every thing in the
Blind, n. dah; a blind person. | - form of writing.
Pea. Blind, v. nu na dah; make him Border, n. noah and miah; the
eas blind. wo ies ear or nose.
| Blister, n. nihbob’da. Bore, sede, _p. sededa, inf. se-
Pp Bloat, v pu, p. pudc, inf. pumu demu.
ig Blockhead, n. kuhpebo, & gne-.Born, v. 4 wo kuna; the lite-
| boké-na. ral meaning of this phrase
HF Blood, n. nyina. is that, he has come from @
i Bloom, v. pe-kéfre; to produce| world. The people believe
Pe blossoms. that they existed unconsci-
| Blossom, n. kéfre. ousky in some other world
bet | Blow, v. (with the mouth) hwu-| before they were introduced
| Ts di, p. hwudidi, inf. hwudimu.|- into this—& the same phrase
hy =| Blow. v. (the wind) fri, & dui, is used in relation to being
HT | p. frida, inf. frimu. | raised from the dead. When
a2 Blue, a idibo; this people dis-| they die, they goto another
| tinguish but four original world, & coming to life is
rie colours, idibo includes black; merely coming back to this
| | eI blue; huru embraces red, yel-| world.
Ee | - low &e. Bosom, n. kIth.
| Eo Blunt, a. kbu. Both, a. ehsuh, when refered
Bree LE: Bluat, v. nu kbu;) to:.make} tosmall objects; ohsuh, when
Eee . blunt. refered to. larger ones; the
pty | Boar, n. botyubiya. word simply means they two.
BP EE¢ Board, n. toru. Bottle, n. sodih-pl. sedeh,
fe Boast, v. hlewinh; p: hlewinh-/Bottom, n. bah,
| =e da, inf: winhhlamu., Bough, n. babo, pl. bobe.
Pe Boat, n. blebwi. Bought, v. tna (see buy.)
bie : ‘Body, n. franhbini and gneb-/Bounce, v. yahgninaga, p. ya-
LE wi-tih. hgeninagada.
Li Boil, v. puné, p. punéda, infjBoundary, n. yidoda, and now~-
bie punemut _ ona.
Pin | Bold, a. kbé. Bow, v. wa luh; to bend the -
i Fa head. ; :
ae : |
a :
tT 3

7 ip
BR 19 BR i
Bowels, n, mih. \Brisk, a, woréworé & wrewre. |
Bowl, n. fuh pl. fih, wooden Bristle, n. vanh. This is 8 i
bowl; kaboke, china bowl. solitary instance in which the 1 3
‘Box, n. brAnh. letter v oceurs ‘in the lan- 7 |
Boy, n. gnebé-hyah. guage.
Boyish, a.hyahbwi. Brittle, a. kénhka. ;
Boysplay, n. hyéhiru-nisisinu, Broad, a. boih-kena.
Brackish, a. nihtah ‘Brook, n. nihba-bwi. t
Brandy, n.‘kobo nah, all spiri- Broom, n. puba pl. pubwi. : oi
tuous liquors are denomina- Broth, n. sah. . |
ted kobo-nih; white man’s Brother, n. bebuh; this word tt
| rum. also conveys the meaning of
Bread,-n. frah. | sister & kinsman.
Break, v. wanh & wénh p. wa-\Brow, n. yi-nahnih; when it i
nhda imp. wanh, inf. wanh-| refers to the lair: yi krah; i
' mu; the passive voice of ne] when the bone is inten- i i
verb‘is wénh. ~- ded.
Breakfast, n. gninnairu-dibidi; Brown,-a. janhwé. Hi
the morning’s food; »the peo- Bruise, v. bada, p. badada, inf. Hi:
ple however have no regular, badamu. I
-stated meals. Brush, v. séna; sweep. Fi
Breast, n. gnidi and klih. ‘Brute, n. wandé, i
Breathe, v. worahonah; literal- Bud. v. pe-kanah; to produce |
ly ‘‘to vomit the breath.” | buds. |
Breed, v, mané, p. manéna or Bud, n. kanah pl. kaneh. fi
manéda, inf. manému; this Bug, n. fifride. |
means more properly, to give Build, v. pe, p. poda and peda,
birth. 2 imp. po, inf. pomu. a
Breeze, n.duduidu. Bull, n_ bilibiya. i
Bribe, v. td, p. téna inf. t6mu Bundle, n- punu pl. puni. {
to buy. \Bunghole, n. juri-ah wuna; the ;
Bridge, nu. banb. | barrel’s mouth. |)
Brig, n. kobotonh-tih-suh; aBuru, v. sie, p. sieda and siena, I
white man’s canoe with two inf. siemu. i
trees or two masts. Burst,-v. wanh and wénh (see — i
_ Bright, a. woré, or woné. break.) |
Bring, v. ya, p. yada imp. ya, Bury, v. hao, p. hadéo inf. hio- |
inf. yamu. | mu; sometimes they use bail. qi
Brink,n. gaba idi, and noah‘idi Buryingplace, n. wudida. Li
| |
> 7

i we anna enna nnn us
ei} CA 20 CH
i ‘
: : Bush, n. su and wah. Uanoe, n. tonh, pl. tenh,
Te «| Bushman, n. bawihpeh and ba-Cap, ne fléiplifili.s «
Hey bakwihpeh, ‘Capable, a. waidé,
RE Busy, a. ni-deh; I am doing/Capacious, a. bodh.
1 something. |Cape, n. (promontory) tebwé. i
Ht But, conj. néma. - > {Capita}, n. ordh-hwé; the big
Re | Butcher, n. khéa pl. khéoh. town.
ios. Button, n. raure-ah te; gar-|Captain, n. kuba.
Hp ment’s thing. Captive, n. geil; slave.
| P| Buttonhole, n. raure-te-ah fuah/Care, v. déhyi.
ect Buy, v. to p. tna imp. t6 infjCarry, v. (see bear)
! | tomu. : ‘jCase, n. bah:
ae! By, prep. The verb hio to er-\Cask n.juri (see barrel)
| cel, pass &c, supplies the|Cast, v. po, p. poda, imp, po,
| place of this word. inf, pomu.
| Castrate,/ ha taba.
Es | C Cat, n. pombwi, pl. pombwi.
| e} | Cateh, v. kra, p. krada, »imp.
I Bt i Cable,n. duh-pédi, kra, inf. kramu.
I i Cackle, v. kédé, p. kédédi,|Caterpillar, n. kheakhé.
At ? inf. kédému., altle, n. wudibadi.
Sa Cag,-n. juri. Caise, n. déh ni né; what
Pres | : Calabash, n. keya. makes or causes it.
I Et. | Calf, n. blli-ah yu; a cow’s\Cease, v. ba kba ,p:kbada imp.
| ro young. : kba, inf. kbamu. Sometimes
| 4 Calico, n. swanga: they say, nu kbe, make a-stop.
| = Call, v. da, p. dada, imp. da,/Cement, v. suné, p. sunéda,
Let inf. damu. _ | imp. suné inf. sunému.
F | BR Calm, a. ble (settled) Censure, v (see blame)
ried Came, v. didi & didadé (see/Centre; n heidi.
| i . come) _jiChair, n. bada.
K ! Can, v. waidé, ° Chairman, n batipo:
| ae Canine, a. wo-bwih-yé; like alChange, hihi, p. hibida, imps
By dog. | hiht inf. hihimu.
| ~ Cannibal, n. gna di gnebo;/Cheap, a.
tt one who; Chea‘, bede, p. bededa, imp.
a | Cannon, n. puh-hwé pl. pih-| bede, inf. bedemn..
Fin i ' —Ewé; big gun. Cheek, n.gaba, pl. gabwe.
Fite Cannot, nah nu, Cheer, v. ni pla ble ne, and ns
L |
i ky j
te .
bre :

= Tah a
, Se 1
CH 21 Co |
j ve
saunh; the first means to! inf. sowimu. 1
settle the liver, which is sup-|Climb v. yah; this word is H i
posed to be excited in the op-| frequently used as a prepo- | |
posite state of feeling. | sition & means up. |
Cheerful, a pla ble ne. Cloth, n. daro, pl. dari. ~ I
Cherry, n. boba; a wild fruit Clothes, n. raure. i
that much reseinbles the Cloud, n. sibo & nuhkbénh. H
cherry. Coadjuter, n. tegau. | i
Ghest, n. branh, pl. branhwé. |Coal, n. nah-po & yidoyido; | |
Chew, v. ta, p. tada imp. ta,| the first is an ignited cval; |
inf tamu. the other is charcoal, a |
Chicken, n. habi-bwi; a little(Coarse, a. nyaha; rough. | |
fowl. \Cobweb, n, samta. 1
Chide, v. pedé na yera; toiCock, n. koka. : q
speak to him in anger. ‘Cocoanut, n. sowéh. z | \
Chief, n. sedeyu; the words'Cockroach,* n. hohéna, _ pl. |
bodio, & wurabanh, are fre-| hohoni. :
quently used in the same Coffin, n.. babwé, pl. babwé; . | i
sense. asection of an old canoe iE
Child, n. yah, pl. hyéhiru. serves this people as a coffin; a
Chimney, n. nih wuna i. e.| the interior tr bes have no- l
the fire’s mouth. thing for-this purpose, but a- i
Chin, n. mamityie. few poles lashed together. a |
Chirp, v. hly & bli i.e. talks Cold, n. khéh.
or sings. ‘Colt, n. soh-bwi; a little or 1
- Choke, v. kra mlamla i. a young horse. #
seize the throat iComb, n. frah, pl. fréh. _§ |
Choice, n. hedah. ae v. di, didé & dio, p. di- i
Choose, v, ha hedah. d., imp.-di, inf. dimu. i
Circle, n. budu. ‘Comet, tédu; a- flaming - a ;
Circular, a. kata:; this word) torch, or a torch made by ||
= is used only in connection, lighting a very combustible « i
with a circular house. | wood called be. .
City, n. orah-hwé, & timah. |Command, vy. leli; tell. _ /
Clapboard, n. toru, pl. toru. Commander, n. beyda & kuba. I
Claw, n, kwénh. ‘Compel, v. ni; simply one indi- -
Clay, ‘n. bro. | vidual makes another do sem — i
Clean, a. woné. | and so. : a
Cleanse, v. sowa, p. sowada,' Competency, n. plandi, or wu-
. 1
; 3 |
Se eee ie lial

iY ,
Lh :
AE cil CO 22~" CU
i i
| dih plindi; enough goods or{ his face. This seems to be
eh effects. | the only phrase to express
HE | Competitor, n. huwé. consolation or sympathy.
AE Complain, v. tu-swéh;. to tell Conspire, a. gidi, p. gidida &e
| troubles, | This word is not necessarily
fei Complete, v. wé, p. wéda inf.) restricted to conspiracies of
i ES | ’ wému. This word lke a good) crime or treason, but applies -
Pea many others ofthe same class} to any deed of concert or a-
| Fi is. invariably foilowed by) greement.
aoa mi or mih. . When the verb Constable, n. banh.
A has a subject, it comes be-'Consiruct, v. ni & pe, p. poda
' a tween the verb and this ad-) dof. pomu. ‘The latter is ap- ;
| it junct. [f not, them m2 or plied to the construction of
Ht _ mah always stands in juxta-| houses alone.
F | position with the verb. ‘Consumption, n. (disease of the
a Pe Connive, v. & wo6ro neo no} jdungs) ginh-swéh & to-kekré
fies i mah; his heart is with them! Contract, v. heéyé, p. heédayé
LE i. e. with the~ perpetrator of| inf. yé-heému.
i et the deed. | Converse, v. mili ne.
I Py | Conquer, v. du, p. duda &c;\Cook, v. pinh, p. pinhda, inf.
| - this word doves. not a pinhmu. By some itis pro-
i Er i fromdu to take, except that] nounced pié.
aa I its vowel is more. prolonged; Cook, n. yapia.
Hit. | in the pronunciation. Cool. v..pebé p. pebéda, inf.
Et i Conscience, n. woro ta; l.e.| pebému.
L HH the wise mind; in contradis-|Copper, n. seni; this word is
: | fil tinction, no doubt, to woro| applied to gold, brass & cop-
i Be hwé the big mind in which| per indiscriminately.
' Pee “there is implied a preva-|Corn, n. iba,
a3 li lence of the passions of the/Corner, n, sey4, pl. seyé.
Po heart, in opposition to judge-|Cast, n. kbai & &bé.
| | HL . ment or conscience. Costive, a. kedéyé & kudi ka
‘| ea @onsider, v. mina lull yimu;! yéh. - S
rie lit. I am_going to look my)Cotton, n. gise.
ty H head. : Country, n. blih pl. bloh.
Eft #/onsent, v. wai ne; is willing |Country-man, n. blih-peh.
bee ii onsole, v. 2 mu na yiba yi-|Cover, v. bide-yéh; the noun
PLE f mu; he went to look upon] governedby thiswordcomes .
Pie |. between its syllables,
het} = .
Fie ? :
| ii
Pie il

. . : |
DA 23 D it i i
Cow, n. bili pl. bilé. ; longed in the pronounciation HS
Crab, n. kah, pl. keh. | and it is only in this particu- a
Coward, n. hwanua. | lar, that it is to be distinguish- |
Crack, n. ganu. | ed from the word yi fo see, !
Cramp, pile. | which is short and sudden ii
Crazy, a.luh wénhda; his head its articulation. :
, is broken. : Dark, n. heidé. i
Creep, v. khi, p. khida, inf. khi- Dastard, n. (see coward.) _ !
mu. ‘Daub, v. hii, p. hlida&, inf. hli- \
Crime, n. déh kuhkuh or bina! mu. i |
kuhkwih. \Daughter, n. gnina yu; a fe- h |
Crow, v. hedé, p. hedéda, inf.) male offspring. . } |
hedému. Day, n. gninnk & gninnayedé. Hl
Cruel, a. a gninné-kbtine. Daylight, Nn, gninna-ayana, . H
. Crush, v. plide,.p. pladeda. Pamala n. tuabe. i
Crust, n. kwénh. ‘Dead, a. ko ne, 7s dead; & I
Cry, v. wi p. widd, inf. wimu.} koohkuh a dead devil, a i
Cultivate, v. dowé, p. da, inf. name whick they apply to Bp
damu; to plant, rather than ail dead people, & which \
. to grow or cultivate. | doubtless grows out of a: t
Cunning, a. brabro. ,. common belief that all de- |
Cup, n. kaboke. ceased persons are endowed 1
Cure, v. pia, p. piada & pia-| with superhuman powers. Ii
na inf. piimu. (Deaf, a. sunh. 54 |
Curse, v. gididi, p. gidid:d’, Dear, a. (high price) kbéh & |
inf gididimu. peh. f i
Curse, n. gidid‘da. Dearth,n. -kanu ti; hungry 1
Cut, v. bé & khau, p. béd&é & time. |
khedio inf. bemu & khaumu. Death, n. kokwé. =F
Cutlass, n. suna & kobo pli. (Debate, v. ti blidi té; to talk A
| some matter. .
D ‘Debauchee. n. raura gnebwi. i
Decay, v. éh hi bwih; it passes 1
Damp, a. tyowé & poah. | dog. There is no object more i
Dance, v. yih, & yihwora; the! degraded in the estimation of }
first means simply to dsunce;| the people’ than a dog, and i
the other means to dance a whatever corrupts or decays, , |
song, & is the one most com- is said to be worse tlan & i
: monly used. Its vowelispro+| dog i
| t
- ,
| — |
: i

? ri. Te ORE Se ee oe ee pet aa see F
r Ht .
it DI 24 Di
ii Deceitful, a. ninch. Difficult, a. éh krah.,
asi Deceive, v. & ni mu nah, ‘Dig, v. bru, p. bruda, inf. bra-
| Boi Decorate, v. pédé p. pédéda, mu; the rin this word has a
Te te inf. pédému; the meaning of rolling sound. The word
He S| this is simply to dress, though, wéh & weéhda are used in
HES I it is also applied to decoraie.| , the same sense.
} Fi Deep, a. hla wudi or xudi hl4; Dinner, n. wénbyadibadi; the
oi a far bottom or belly. | noon’s meal.
| FS iH Defer, v. podé né gnah; to put Dip, v. nyena, p. nyénana,
Pht it ahead. | inf. nyénamu.
HET Defraud, v. (see cheat) ‘Dirt, n. siru.
Hit 2 Deject, v. wari ni na; grief Disagree, v. oh nah gida; they
| Hi works him. | cannot or do not agree.
AE Deliberate, v. (see consider.) ‘Disappear, v. pah p. pahda,
pr Delicious, a. nono & noino inf pahdamu.
et (see beautiful) ‘Disappoint, v. na woro seye;
Ev ii Delirious, a. dpe kubadé; he my heart is disappointed.
i Ei ie speaks fvolishly. \Disapprove, v. ye né nowani;
Hees Hi Demand, v. ira, p. irada, inf.| Ido not like it.
He iramu; simply to ask. ‘Disaster, n. tudu te.
| ee Depart, v. mu ne; is gone. ‘Discover, v. yi or ibo; to see
PY | i Deride, v. khé & kha p. khé- or know any thing.
it da, inf. khému. ‘Disease, n. kwainh,
bpee Descend, v. te & té, p. teda, inf. Disgrace, v. a po twé yibaé na;
tk iit temu | he has put shame on his face. :
| | : HT ~ -Deseription, n. bona. Disguise, v. wowora, p. Wowo-
| Fi Mt “Destroy, y. wanh, p. wanhda,) rada, inf. woworamu. ;
Pe HI inf. winbmu. ~The passiveDislike, v. ye ne nowanl, i. ©.
fii? ii voice of this verb isformed by| I do not like it; or gna ne,
aa changing the radical vowel { hate tt.
i iH : lato e, thus, wénh, p. wénh- dispute; v..oh pe kbide.
a I vi : da, inf .wanhmu. Dissolve, v. word; this seems
PA i ‘Deteriorate, v. pént. to be the same word with
bee Devil, n. Kah, pl. Kwih. work to transgress, particu-—— -
i Dew, n. gidu & gidu nimlé;) larly used in connection
be oT the former is vapour, the lat-| with the violation -of some
bie ter is vapour’s water. civil or moral law.
Pie HW Die, v. ko, p. kod’ inf. komu. Distant, a’ hla.
Fie - Different, kyudékbudé. \Distort, v. sé, p. séda, inf. sé-
r 4 Na: ‘
bee ot
Hf H /

, iV
r He
ey 4
i |
mu. Dream, v. ya-yaye, p. yada«ya- 1
Distribute, v. gradé & gra p, _ ye, yaye-yamu. ” iT f
gradéda, inf gradému &|Dreamer, n. yuye-yaa. Ht |
gram, Dregs, n. frénh. Bl
Disturb, v. hé mu kuh; to stir/Dress, n. raure; every article I i
up the Devilin me; or tH of dress is called by tvis ii i
mi woré na, i €.to troable| name, except where | the -
me.’ The former is the) names of a few articles of |
phrase most commonly used.| Europearr dress have been !
Dive, v. pa nihmih swé; to go} acquired. I |
down into the water. Drink, v. ne, p. nani, inf, ni- i |
Divide, v. gra & gradé (see mu. ; E
distribute) Drip, v. l6é, p. kéda, inf. Wé-. iB
Do, vy. ni, p. nu, nun’ & nina,| mu: | |
imp. nu, inf. numu. This Drive, y. bla, p. blada, inf.
word -has great latitude of blame. Hi
meaning, as to do, to maxe,|Drizzle, nm. nuly siné. 7
to cause, to beget, to com-|Drop, v. bli, p. biida, inf. blli- '
pel, to influence &c. mu. . I
Doctor, n. deya, pl. deyabo. |Drought, 4s. dakate. i
Dog, n. bwih, pl. bwih. Drown, v. se nih, p. sed& nth, I
Dodge, v. blle, p. blleda, inf! inf. nih semw. |
bllemu. Drowsy, a. bé nyine yi. i
Domestic, a. wudea. Drum; n. tuuh & wude; they I
Door, n. meyu, pl. meyé. have two kinds of drum. © |
) Double, a. eh suh. Drunk, v. nah ni na; rum |
Doubt, v. peébebe, p. pedabe-| works him. ; |
— be inf’ bebepomu. Dry, v. mae, p. Maeda, inf, l
Down, prep. hwona. | maemu. t |
Dowry, n. gnink wudih; the!Dry, a. ma. t')
woian’s money, or the fmo-'Duck, n. dabadaba. i
_ hey paid for the woman. Dull, a. kbu. |
Drag, y. gidi.p. gididi, inf. Dumb, a. heh po winh; can- i |
gidimu. ~ | not speaile. | |
Drake, n. dabadababiyas a Dust, n. pubwi. I
male duck. Duty, n. hbada. |
Draw, v. kah, p. kahdi, inf. Dwarf, n. yestnh. |
__ kahmu. pret vy. he & neo} the verb /
Bream, n. yaye: | of existence ne of neo is |
4 }

q i :
! 1 | i ©. 26. EM
f i employed to express the idea{ his effects as closely as if he
ia of dwell. buried them in the ground,
HE OH Dye, v. pi, p. pid; simply, to}. which is no uncommon mode
i boil or cook the cloth. with them, of keeping out of
Hl | sight many articles of value.
AE i E Eclat, n. hah gnene; a good
eit name.
eS a _ ‘Bach, a. duh; one. Edge, n. yidih.
| aa Eager, a. pedepe. Efface, v. woréh, p. woréhda,
Pa Eagle, n. keh. inf. worému,
1 bit Ear, n. noah, pl. noéh. Effeminate, a. mah gnini-gne-
Pe | Earring, n.noah-bah; the word) biya; 1. e. you are a woman-
ial bwide is applied to rings of al main.
a EL ik larger size, as armlets, leg- Egg, n. gnéh.
Bet lets &e. (ight, a. behanhbehanh; four
| | i Earth, n. bro; the preposition! and four, or four to four.
be ie | mah is almost always appen-|Kighteen, a. puh-ni-behanh-
i F< iil ed to this noun, & in some} behanh; ten & eight.
bee instances, appears tobe aiKighty, a. woré-hanh; four
| Ei part of the noun. . twenties.
| tt ii East, n. idu-luh; the head o |Elastic, a. siékéh,
'@ i the sea; the names of all the|Elbow, n. sonhgoru.
bidet cardinal points are directly/Elegant, a. hah & nono or noino
EE; it connected with the geogra-|Elegy, n. hé kooh Matu keh;
| | (it phy of their country. to draw the dead out of hb. a
BPS ii Eat, v. di, dine & didé, p.dida,| tu; Matu seems to be a :
FEE) We | inf. dimu. This word can be| middle place, where all dead
Pres Hee distinguished from the word people stop before they get
| tit oi di to come, only bythe con-| to God, to rehearse the
I ie | nection in which it stands.| deeds they have done in this
tit Ebb, v. te ne, teya, p. teda inf; world; hence to sing an ele-
HT i ii temu. gy, is ‘‘to draw the dead out
bie OR Eclipse, v. habo or wénh pe, of Matu.”
Pe heidé; the sun or moon grows Elephant, n. dowé & todowé,
Lis Wet dark. and sometimes it is contract-
bits i Economica}, a. a pe te es ed into dénh, p}. dowa.
he i lit’y, he puts his things (ef-Eleven, a. puh-na-duh; ten &
fie fects) inthe ground ,by which] one.
bie. il it is implied that he keeps|Emancipate, v. 4 po geh a ir
Pin |

: ” | 1}
He |
ER 27 EX | i
gnch; i. e. he puts his slave Escape, Vv. kwadi; to run away;, | | |
on an equality with his chil- and bi wih wudi, he has got, i i
drea; which is implied, as a to another place or side. |
/ mean treats his emancipated Even, a. wénékéhna. H |
slaves just as his children. Evening, n. wide. [ |
Â¥mbark, v. a mu kobotonh wu-Everlasting, a. sekuna. | ; i
di; he is gone on board a tvil, n. déh kuhkuh, biné kuh- | i
vessel kuh, & ka kuhkuh. Wh
Embassador, n. bodibo. Exceed, vy. (see excel.) it {
Empty, a. fro & fra. Excel, v. his hio, p. hina, inf. iH
Enact, v. pe, p. peda, inf. po-| himu. This word Las great i
mu. latitude of meaning, as, to Hf
End, n. mith § noah; simply,) go by, to surpass, better
the nose or the ear of any, than &c.
thing. (Exchange, v. hihine-m4, p. hi- dt i
Enemy, n. gna, pl. gnaoh;! hinéna-ma. inf. m4-hihinéma. Hf
one who hates me. [Execute, v. (see do) a
English, a. dobo & debo. Exhibit, v. tadi, p. tadida, inf. |
Jinlarge, v. nu né boah; to, tadimu. The same word is i
nake it large. used in the sense of teach. fy
Enough, ad. eh-hwo. Exile, n. mitio. u
Enter, v. pa, p. pada inf, pamu Exist, y. ne, neo and ma,p. ne- : !
Entertain, v. kadabwé; Thave| ni, nedi, mina and some- I
stran ‘ers. times, nina, inf. nemu and 1
Entire, a. pépé. mama. This word is used in 1
| Envy, vy. pe yimé yé, p. peda-| the same sense with the verb |
yimé yé, inf. 2 mi yimé-po-| of existence in the Englisk 1
mu; the noun which is gov-| language. Hi
erned by this verb comes be--Expand, v. bu, p. buda, inf. bu- Fl
tween its syllables. | mu. I |
Hepistle, n. kinidj; they have Expect, v. ni woro ye; my 4
but this one word for every heart says. |
species of reading & writing./Expiate, v. ha-ma, p. hada-ma, 1 |
Equal, a. buru and woyé or wo-| inf. ma-hamu. |
déyé. ‘Explain, v. tadi; the same q
Eradicate, v. ha né huru; pull| word is used in the sense of i
it out of the ground. | exibit, teach &c, i
Err, v. ku, p. kina, inf. kti-/Extend, v. sedo, p. sedoda, /
mu. inf, sedomu. |
: |
| i

i i RE
| }
iti : |
| i FA 28 FE
i | i Exterior, n, kéh (see back.) | word bah is applied to a_col
H Evil Wxtinguish, y. moye, p, moye-. . lection of farms owned by’a
Bal da, inf. moyemu | community of people.
Pee Fxtract, y. ha; to pull out, |Farmer, n. ge-gea, pl... ge-ge-
| Exult, v. 6h ni saunh, oh,
ia i Kye, nv ye, pl. yi. Farther, a. They have no
| " Hye-ball, n. yi-pruh. degrees of comparison for
Ht Eye-brow, n. yi-krah, & yi na their adjectives. To say
Ameri nih; the latter is applied to, one town ts farther than an-
iH the hair only. | other, they employ the verb
i ! i Fye-lash, p, yi-pampe. | hi or hio to erceed, & use a
rei i Eye-lid, n. yi-jiu. | phrase like the following, viz
i . | | one town exceeds another
ye ii F | in point of distance; or thus,
| | word be hlaé ma koh no
Pee He | Fable, n.dideh; thesame word mah? i.e. which town out of
| et is used in the sénse of allot ihemis far? emphatically, far
I P< ie i pory, | away.
t | i Face, nh. vipa Fashion, n. biné or kbtné;
q | Je Pace, y. m4-yéh, — this word has much. latitude
| Pe Fade, y kulé, p. kblédi, inf} of meaning, as, deed, habit,
ret oe kblamu. action &c.
Bi ec Faint, v. hinéwé, hinénawé,|Fast, ad. woréworé, frequently
EE oe inf’ wéhinema. contracted into wrewre.
| | Hi Fell. v piyo, and bi, p. pinayo,|Fasten, v. moahné, p. moahneé-
PE ES int’ vopimu. ni, inf. moihnému.
Pil We Baise. a.¢h ye hahte; it is not|Fat, n. fai.
i | Te a true thing. : Father, ni. buh,pl. buhno.
bt | Family, n.tibah, pl. tibéh. Fathom, n. pado;. when com-
| i We | Famish, v. kanu ni mili bik3) pounded with another word
eel hunger oppresses me very) it is contracted into pa.. as,
RIG i much; pa-diro, a fathom of cloth.
File We Far, ad. bl4;. this word also|Fatigue, v. wah, p.. wada inf.
Pie oe means, high, long &v. wimu,.
kK i i: Farewell, ad. mi ne & mi neo;|Favour, v. ma, p. mana, inf.
| E| i simply, Lam going, being the] .mamu; this word is invaria~
ree Wi only phrase they use asa] bly accompanied by its ad-
Pie ii parting salutation. junct mah; thus. ma mu
i bee Farm, n, ge, pl. geeh; e mah, help me; & ma amu
iH ; t
Pre i
i } {

; F , Ha
: i
AT 4 Hi
FE 29 FI
mah, help us | agreeable as well as those-. It
Tear, n. bwinu, | that are disagreeable. | |
Fear, v. pi-hwanu, p. pida/Fever, n. 4 fai sinu ne; his, iW |
hiwinu inf... bwanu-pimu;) flesh is hot. | i
tis is a compound word, & Few, a. khimi, and ye hwo; the.
in this, as in most similar, former'is used in the sense i |
cases, the subject of the of little, small, &c; the latter | j
yerd comes between its com-| means not many or inuch, | i |
ponent syllavles, thus, pi 4 Fuel, n. nah. i |
hwanu, J fear him. Fifteen. a. puh-né-bmu, | t |
Peasi, n. ‘Phere is no simple Fifty, a. woro-suh-na-puh; two | i
word to correspond with this) twenties and. ten. |
To say, he gave a feast or Fight, v. hwa aad hwé, & some- ‘
dinner, it would be express-| times, to iwa i. e. to ight | Hi
ed thus, a pinhd& koh gnebo) war. if |
mob, i.e. he cooked for peo-\Vilch, v. yidi, p. yididé, «inf. ie
pie; eating, in their minds, yidimu. he
being a necessary and obvi- Jill, v. yied!, p. yiedida, inf. li
cus sequence of cooking... | yiedimu. | |
Feather, n. pyeni, pl. nyenia. Fin, a. pobah,, pl. pebwih. |
beesle, a..a kbeh, widé; his tind, v. yi, .p. yida anf yimu; ie
strength is done. | to.see. imi
Feed, klede, » klededi, inf. Fine, a. hih, nono & noino. | 1
Miedeniuor kiedema, Finger, n. gie, pl. gie; they 1
Feel, vite, ps téna, jink téni-| call the thumb, gie-kburu; ii |
mu. | the fore finger, tal-bo-gie | |
Peiga.v. wrauwre na ni; be) i e.the finger with whieh |
practiced deception,.or he| they. apply © salt) to their | }
was auder the influence of| tongues in eating; the little ) I
» deception. finger is gie-tada., t |
Hemale, a kba, pl. kbé. Finish, *v. wé-m4h, p. wéda- ; I
ence, n, kbih. | mé&h inf. mah-wemd. Thez 1a
Ferment, v. puné; to boil. | subject of this verb always |
Meteh, v. ya, p. yadi inf. yu-| comes between its compo- 1H
mu. | nent syllables, thus, wé né |
Fetid, a pend; the more. pro-| » mah, 1 have finished it. |
per meaning of this word. is'Fire, n. nih and wonenah; the | i
that tomells, for it is appli-| latter means burning wood. | |
ed to those objects that are) In- general’ they give the ‘ | \
. . |
| |
| i
; i

a :
| Hi FL 30 FO
i Bi same name to wood and five,{ mu.
Hos for the reason, perhaps, that Fly, n. tawoné.
HE Ai they do not think of fire asFoam, n. feya.
Pee | an element independent of Foe, n. (see enemy.)
| the combustible substance to Fog, n. gidu.
a which it is attached. pele v. plla, p. pllada, inf.
HT i Firm, a. nu-nah, pllamu.
Ae ow Fit, a. wéh and wai, also wéh- Follow, v. kwé, p. kwéda, inf,
A i ne dé and waidé. | kwému. ‘his word is used
Hei Five. a. hmu, soinetimes eh in the sense of accom
] bol hma; the spelling of this pany.
i Poi word is altogether arbitrary,’ Food, n. dibidi,
Ae | as the sound 1s emitted whol- Fool, n. kuhpebo or kuhpebu,
re ie Ue ly through the nose. | pl. kwihpebi.
AE Fix, v. séni-yé, p. sénina-yé, Foot, n. bopora and bopobla,
ec ie | inf, yé-sénimu ‘The sub-|_ pl. bepible. .
Pie | ject of this verb always For, prep. koh, keh, kre, koh-
Ft He Hi comes between its sylla-| mah and kre-mah. In rela-
Pes te ‘| bles. tion to the the two last, the
h | bie Flame, n. popiyede. | substantive which is govern~
| Lt ii Flank, n gah. , ed by them goes between
Pic ike Flat. a. wréao. the syllables, thus, koh na
Heit i Flea, n. mah, ‘for him.’
bet Hi Flee, v. fri; to fly. Forbid, v. leli na 4 nih nu né,
| Bie | Flesh, n. fa. tell him he must not do it.
bere i FPlexable, a. pine; the vowel in Forehead, n. yiba-krah.
Le ie i the first is much prolonged'Foreign, a. kobo; this word is
Free We i in the utterance, | applied only to European ar-
Pier We Oh Fling, v. po, p. poda, inf. po-| ticles.
| | mu. ‘Forenoon, n. gninnairu; the
PES ie | Flint, n. pésia. | meaniug of this is, the’ day’s
Ph i Float, v. sobo, p. soboda, nt child, or the, youthful part
fie io : sobomu. of the day.
= Flock, n. jiu. Forest, n. krahyidi; this name
fie it Flog, v. (see beat.) | is confined to portions of
Pee Floor, n. bro; ground. They} land which has never been
Pee have only dirt floors, & they| cultivated.
Pri ie call these the ground. Le ia v. hinu-mah, p. hiny-
biG ie i Fly, v: fri or fli, frida, inf. fri-| na-mah. The word govern-
{ 1} Ht i
bi ke

| |
PR 31 GE iW
ed by this verb comes be-| it produces much fruit. i
_ tween its syllables. Full, a. yic, and éh yied!; itis |
Forgive, v. po-worémana, pj full. ’ “
poda-worémana, inf. woré- fumigate, v. po-nahsinu mih. | i
mana-pomu. Funeral, n. dimu-nimwé. i |
Formidable, a, ne kbéh; he isiur, n. pade; the name of the | i
strong animal which yields fur, HY
Fornicator, n. rauri gnebiya. i
Forsake, v. seo and se, p. sedi G | |
inf. semu (see abandon. ) 1h
Fortify, v. oh hih or&h kbih. |Gale, n. hnabo. ii |
Fortune, n. krubwi. Gail, n. kyéh. H
Four, hanh, and eh-hinh. Gape, v. he, p. heda inf. hemu i i
Fourscore, a. woré-hanh; four(aarden, n. buru: when the i
twenties. word is uttered quickly it is ii
Fourteen, a. puh-nia-hénh, bru, the r having a rolling ip
Fowl. n. habi, & by some it is) sound. 4
pronounced harbi. Gargle, v. kbadé nih wuna, ne
Frame, n. kai-bédo; a house ‘arment, n. raure. /)
frame. The word bedo, aGarret, n. kaiwudi; the house’s |
frame, is used only in this| upper floor. ; i
connection, Gasp, v. yié ne, p. yieda, inf. | |
Prequent, a. ti peplandi;, yiému. 1
times many. Gate, n. buru-wuna; the yard’s hi
Freshwater, n.. néwora-nih. mouth. | |
Friend, n. bayitime & beyu. (Gather, v. kwe, or kwé, p. kwé- | |
From, prep. wo; this word al- di, inf. kwému. ; |
so means come from, get out,Gazel, n. kiésedih; This is | }
& is inflected like a regular, a generic name, and is ap- ih
verb, | plied not only to every spe- ¥
“Frugal, a. pete huru; i.e. a cies of the antelope known | |
man who conceals his effects: to them, but te almost all wild 1 |
in the ground; it being no| animals which have cloven i
uncommon thing for them tol feet. it
bury crockery ware & other,Generous, a. nd kwah; open .
articles in the ground for, handed. Fe
safe keeping. Gentleman, a. hah gnebwi, & | I
Fruit, n. buih. | sedeyu. ; al
Fruitful, a. 4 pe buih plandi;'Get, v. There is no word in: |
Pes 1m |

is ; 1a

‘ iB Bi





Ham 4

rt co -- aa maka
ik ao 32 GR
| Hh the language to ‘corfespond last has the force of Creator;
is i} with this. Sometimes it is, and tne other is used ‘chief-
| E | exoressed by ya to bring; kaj ly in their songs.
i ai fo have; and still more fre- Gold, un: seni; this word i al-
a quently by, yi, to see, obtaun) so applied to silver and cop.
ren me. I per, and they distinguish one
[| i Giddiness, a. izu ni mii; gid-\ trom the other, when neces-
| Elie ii diness works me. | sary, which is rarcly the cace
eed Gift, n. yibch, | however as they kooy but lit-
cH Gill, n. (of a fish) hnthtanéh. tle either about cold’ or’ sil-
I Girl, n. gnina hyah; a female, ver, by the use of their n-
peu | child, | glish names. :
i | ia Give, Vv. gui, p. gnida & gnina,;Good, a. hah OF hanh Sethe hk,
| Pi ie | inf, gnimu. (Goods, mn. wudih; this name in
a “Gizzard, “n.’ tat; “the can applied to every species’ of
cil name is applied to the hearts] merchandise.
| Pe ie | of other animals & as ‘their;Govern, v. ka, to have or po-
HT | ti li knowledge of physiology is{ sess; they have no word that
Ho imperfect, if is probable! strictly correspunds « with
| by we | that they have mistaken the} this. nor have they any very
ee ie gizzard ofthe fowl for its; distinct ideas of the mean-
rio | "heart ing of the term as used
Bi iat Glad, a. pli-ble; the liveris} among civilized people.
Pei ie | settled;. which seems to be} When one man is exalted
| | i the sensation of happi4 above others in point ofan-
aS ness. Soinetimes they say,| thority, it is satd that, he
i | | Ht Ht ni saunh; but the first is by] holds the land, or the people.
i a) far the most common. Governor, nm. ‘They have a-
bith it Glass, n. yedih. inong themselves several im-
h i ii Glossy, a. woré or wone, — portant offices as Worasinh.
Pie Si | Glutton, n. 2 kinane; he is al Bodio, Ibidis, & Mrhbawa ;
FER ' 4 elutton. but none of these can justly
fe We i Go, v. mi, mio and mine, imp.’ be regarded as possessing
he oi i mi, p. mu and muda, inf. . the functions of a governor.
ih ie mumu. Grape, n. kaielih-ch ya.
Pie Goat, 0. wudi, pl. wudé. (yrass, n. pidi. : E
hike i i Gol, n. Gnissuwah; there are Grave, n. wudida; this word is
Pipe te 4 two other nameg applied to} applied to every kind of a re-
Bie ue ‘the Deity, Sena $ Geih; the! ceptable of the dead, wheth-
tte A
| | Hi f
a a
Pi i
ei fl

| A
: i |
Gu 33 HA
er it be a house ora grave. (Gun, n. puh, pl. pih. i
Gravel, n wudi nyini sia; goatGum, n. seiro. Hi
dung stones. (Gunpowder, n. puhmunu, and |
Graze, v. di pidi; to eat, grass.) | puhmnu, !
Grease, n. kéna; this is the Gut, n. mih. f |
common naine for palin oil,| i
but is applied also to every| H i
kind of grease. | : 1
Grease, vy. po-kéni; to apply Hair, n. piple; the hair of the | \
grease | head is called luhya; & (
Great, a. both, both te, & sometimes luh-hwiya which i
sometimes contracted into! means the paim-nut fibres | i
baite, also hwo & hwé, of the head; there being H
Green, a. pipri. some resemblance between — i
Greegree, n. gidih: straight hair & the fibres of i |
Grief, n. wari &wari. a palm-nut. H |
Grieve, v. wari ni na; grief Half, a. tie. ; i
works him. |Half-moon, n. hibo-tie. |
Grind, vy. sowa, p. sowana,'Hand, n. kwah, pl. kwéh.. i
inf. sowamu. Hang, v. ba-yau, p. bidi-yau, | i
Groan, v. kudi, p. kudid& | inf. yau-bamu. i
inf. kudimnu. Happy, a. & pli ble ne, his i) |
Ground. n. bro, hudu & huru.| liver is settled; 4 ni ‘saunh, |
Grow, v. kunh, p. kunhda,| he is glad. The first is the i
inf kenhmu. one most commonly used. | i
Grown, a. kunh ne; is grown./Hard, a. krih ne; is hard. | |
Guana, n. pane. ae n. dih. |
Guard, n. foah, pl. fooh. Hat, n. bebwi, pl. bebui. }

Guard, v.tuné yimu; keep aHatch,. v. wanh enénh; to I
look-out. | break egos, i
Guest, na dabwé; my stranger. Hate, vy. gna § gné, Pp. gnana, | |
Guide, n. tide poah & tadia; | inf. gnimu. ; 1
the latter means my teacher, Haul, v. gidi, p. gidida, inf. gi- | |

_ or the person who showsme.| dimu.
Guide, v. poé-tide; to point out Have, v. ka, p. kad’, inf. k4- ii
the path. | mu; this word has great lati- ||
Guilt, n. biiné kuhkuh, or déh’ tude of meaning, as to own, I
kuhkuh; wicked Labit, ox! to possess, to beget &e. (
what is bad. ‘Hawk, n. oida, pl. gidi. |
5 Hi




- F |

. ih

; | | ‘|

bE | HE a4 HO
| i ii ¥fe, pron. 2 & na; these words| led dénh, aud can be - distin-
Hp also mean she, if, asthey have| guished from the above e+
Hall but one word for the mas-| ample in utterance only by
i Pa i culine, feminine and neuter; giving the vowel a nasal
H | i pronouns ofthe third person} sound. One of these two
PES | singular. words is, always joined tothe
eu Head, n. luh, pl. hh. _ verb whenever there is any
i Eli i Head-ache, n. luh kré ne;} reference to place. The first
/ boi i _ head is sick. is joined to the adverb, when
ry Hl Heal, v. pea, & pra, p. peani.| the adverb would naturally
aS inf, peamu. assume the inflections of the
i Heap, n. duh, pl. dih; the! verb it qualities.
i ih same word ts used for the Hernia, n. khe-mo. :
i ei i anchor ofa vessel. Herself, pron. adui, or nadul,
Ai Hear, vy. wa & wai, p.. wa-Hew, v. pa, p.. pana. inf. pae
| ef na & waina, inf. wamu. &| mu.

=| waimu. Hide, v. hudi, p. hudida,. inf.
i Bene il Heart, a, tai is the proper, hudimu. |
I a) ii word for the heart; but/High, a. hla, & hla-yah; the
igea|\ =, when the mind 1s refered to,, same word also means, long
| li Hy as they usually do, cs disiant Xe. : :
PY | i H they use the English word Him, pron. na, or a. This
Hite | heart, woro is the corres-| word is the same in the ob~
| | ei il _ ponding Grebo word. jective as in the nominative,

L | | Heat, n. sinu. though ais not frequently
i | be oie | Heavy, a. kunkwa. used in the objective case.
re ti ti Heed, v. mayo. _~ |Hip, n. gah.

Pee; ie Hell, n. Kuh yéh; the Devil’s Hire, v. ku, p. kuna, inf. kumu
i | Hoe ow place, or up to the Devil. |His, pron. a or na,
| ih in Help, v. ma, p. mana or mada, Hiss, v. pe sch, p. ped-seh, inf
hs i Hi inf. mamu; This verb is gen-| seh-pema; the noun which
oe erally accompanied by the}! is governed by this word

dae i i preposition mah, thus, ma-| goesLeteen its syllables.
Bi iy lip mu mah, help me. Hit, v. bloc, p. hlada, inf. hla-
Pe Oe Help, n. mamama. — mu.
rei ‘Hen, n. habikba; a female fowl|Hog, m. boty, p. botye.
Ba Her, pron. 4 & na; (see He) |Hold, bli-kwih, p. blida-kwal
Ti ik i i Here, ad. dé and dédé; the! inf.. kwah-blimu; the noun
i | | | word for there is usually spel-! governed by this word comes
| le ot
RH | | ;
EY Hit t

HO 35 ID
Seiween its syllables, andthe ofthe verb comes between
import of the word is, tohold|, its syllables. Budéd8-kudi is |
with ov in the hand. also used in the same sense. Hl
dole, n. bidi, when the exca-jHull, n. fréh. > |
vation is made in the ground; |Humid, a. poah. H |
"hat the word fud is used forHumorist n. bukadé.
a hole in cloth, ina wall &c.,Hundred, a woré-hmu, i.e. |
Hollow, a. wra. five. twenties. Two hun- '
Jdonest, a. hah; simply, good;| dred is huba. , I |
They have no word to desig- Hunger, n. kanu. I |
naie a quality, which they Hunt, v. pend & pana, p. pé- Hi
searcely know or believe to) nana inf. na-pému. |
exist. urry, v. kéka, p. kékada. i
Home, n. blih; this word also) .nf. kékamu. |
means country, place &c. Hurt, v. kré, & kra, p. kréda (
Honey, n. doh. & krada, inf. kramu. |
Hoof, n. tidusembwi. ‘Husband, n. gnebiya; a man. i
Wook, n. kabwé; the wordHush, v. ba heda & po kbe. ie
wéh is used for a_fish hook. Hypocrite, n. yeyedae. \
Hoop, n, bath, pl. baéh. ; i
Hop, v. pe- kenibwebwi. i {
Hope, v. hwoué, p. hwonén’, i
inf. hwonému. If, pron. ma; the pronouns of the : !
Horn, n. monh, pl. ménh, first and second person sing- i
Horse, a. sob, & koboso': the ular, are distinguished from i
laiter, the one most common-|_ each other in speaking, by a i |
dy used, means the ‘“‘white! certain intonation of the 1
man’s lizard,” & no doubt is| voice; the former is written i
thus named, from the resem- without, & the latter with a fi- | i
blance between them. nalh, merely to aid the eye to |
Host, n. dababuh; the stran- distinguish them in reading. 1
ger’s father or protector. ‘Idea, n. No word in the lang- i
Hostage, n. toma. uage is known to correspond i
Hot, a. sinu and snu. exactly with this. It is pro- q
House, n. kai. pl. keya. bable, that they would Say, | |
Housekeeper, n. kai-foah. te ne na woro kudi, i, e. 1
How, ad. hani. something is in my mind. Pi
ETug, v. hla- tedi, p. hlada-tedi, Idle, a. A neh nu déh; he does |
inf. tedi-hlamu; the subject! not do any thing. a

: : a







7 , iT

re FT :
| =) LM 36 IN
a Idol, n. gidth; this word is ap-| erned by this word comes be-
ak plied to fetichs of all kinds. | tween its syllables.
| eae ih If, conj. This conjunction ne-Importunate, a ida né baka; he
He te ver stands by itself, but is) wants it very much.
oP always incorporated with Importune, v. (see beg.)
EOI I the pronoun & the auxiliary [mpotent, a. Monana.
ew verb. If with the first per-Improve, v. éh nu n& hahka; it
H Eon son, it is expressed by ne or| made him well.
| Pai ii be, if with the second, it isImprudent, a. 4 ka krah.
a tl neh or beh, if with the thirdIn, prep. biyo, & sometimes
i itis 4; & inthe plural it fol-| kudi the inside is used.
il ]. ws the same order. Inadequate, a. a yedé né wé;
Ed Ignite, v. po né tah; put it to) he is not adequate to it.
Ht | | the fire. Inaugurate, v. tanh, p. tanh-
Pe Ignorant, a. ye ibo;I do not) na, inf. tinhmu; the mean- —
| Eile know. | ing of this word is Is to an-
Et ii Ill-natured, a. bi-irana. oint or besinear; this being -
i Be il Illustrate, v. tadi ,p. tadjda,) the process by which all im-
hi il i inf. tadimu. | portant officers are inducted
i | fii Image, n. kuhsiinhbwi: this into office.
| ih word is applied to pictures..Incapable, a. (see inadequate. )
h i i The word stbo is applied tolncest, n. There is no word
HT | Te all reflected images. to correspond with this,
| Lf it Imitate, v. senané 4 wuni; the) though it is considered a
| He literal meaning of which : crime of an aggravated na-
i | Ee oe i that, he has measured his| ture. They would ex-
ies Hite mouth; a phrase originally,| press the idea, by saying 2 _,
Pees ie to mock, but now has a wider) pada a bebuh ye, 1. e. he
i oie Ii latitude of meaning as to imi-| has cohabited with his’ sister.
bee ies tate, personate &c, Incline, v. kini, p. kinida, inf,
| i or Immediately, ad. woréworé or| kinimu; this word corres-
hei il tétinu. ponds perfectly with our
gee ' ii Immense, a. both baka, dr hwé} word incline, whether it be
PP ee baka. applied to a material object,
Pi eo Immortal, a. nah ko ne; can-) or to a certain bias of the
poi om not die. mind. :
Peo i Impair, v. hi-bwih; the samelInclose, v po né kudt; put it
Pik ie i term that is used for decay into the inside.
I [3 i eorrupt &c, The noun gov-
|| {if i
| reoie |
ae {Ht
fe ot Wt

aS es Son eT NT NE aintebateneticinnae Pm tnimiatraticinn el eS a ae

; ‘TE
IN 31 Is |
1 |
inconsiderate, a. 4 neh. bli te| to express anger, indignation, |
& woro mah; he does not| ensult Sc. |
hold the thing with his mind. Intellect, n. woro, pl. woré; i
Increase, v. kunh, when it is) sometimes the word luh fhe | i
applied to any thing that, head is put for tor the mind. t |
grows; po be, pul more. Intelligent, a aibote plandi; i |
Incubus, n. yaye kuhkuh, or, he knows many things. 1 |
gida-yaye; the first_ simply Intemperate, a. naa, literally, } !
means, a bad dream, the, a drunkard or drinker. |

' other means a hawk dream, Intend, v. éh ne-na woro kudi: |
suggested, perhaps, by re-| it is in my heart |
sembling themselves in aInier, v. (see bury.) |
in a distressing dream, to alutercede, v. (see beg.) l
chicken in the claws of alnterdict, n. teteh; simply, a i
hawk when carried into the) law. H i
air & liable to fall. “Interfere, v. ga p. gada ga- | |
Indeed, ad. hihtenu. | mu; to interfere in making H |
Indifferent, a. a ye né déhyi;) peace. ; ; |.
he does not care for it. daterior, n. (cf a country) ba-- Hy ]
Ingenious, a. a ki seka or si-| wero. : i
a; he has art. interrogate, v. (see ask, )- i
Inhabit, v. a ne dé; he lives,Into, prep. bi, biyo, and swé. a
Iniquity, n. gninné biré orlnvent, vy. yadé-ya, p. yadéda- Hi
biné kuhkwih. ya, inf. yana-yadému: The I |
Injure, v. (see impair.) noun governed by this word 1a
Inquire, v. (see ask.) goes between its syllables: i
Insane, a. a ye luh ka, or alInvert, v. hié-mZh, p. hicni- i
luh wénhda; he has no head,| mah, inf. mib-hifmu. This :
or his head 1s broken; the} verb is ofthe same class as j
words luh being put for sense, the preceding. : I
reason &e. Invite, v. di; simply, to call. ) {
insect, n. fifride. 4 Invoke, v. da & yeda, p. yeda- |
Inside, prep. pa, biyo & kudi.| da, inf. yedimu. Bedi is u- |
Instruct, v. tadi, p. tadida, inf.) sed in the the sense of pray. |
tidimu, Iron, n. plede. 1
Insult, vy. a krah wudé ya; hells, v. (see am.) | |
has raised a bone in hisIsland, n. dibo. . |
breast; a phrase they uselt, pron. éh & né. & in some. i

| cases, 4 & na. iit |


| Wh



. 1 a) |

- 4


| 48 |


i a

j i

oe KI 38 LA

| aa

| HM lich,.ne prapre. Kick, v. hla-bajé p. hlada-ba-
reew iil : | jé, inf. bajé-pomu; to strike
Hel J with the foot. ‘

He aE ‘Kid, n. wudi-bwi pl. wudé-bw1;
| Jam, v. plie, p. plieda, mf. a hitle or young goat.
aa pliemu, Kidney, n. hwanhpla.

rel January, n. The people divide Kindle, v. towé, p. towédi,
Pete Wi _ their year into moons but inf. towéiu.,

i have no names for them. (Kill, n. 1a, p. lada inf. Lamu.
Pie Jaw, n. gaba: | By some individuals, this
Pec Jerk, v. kuedi-yé kbédida-yé,; word .is aspirated and the
HH iat. yé-kbodimu. | sound hla may be distinctly
pic ik Joia, v. koka-yé, p. kokada yé heard, though this is not so
ese Wn inf, yé-kokcunu, | common as the first viz. Ik.
Pet ie Joiat, n. kokwéh. Kind, a. hich.

i Pil Joy, n. saunh; the phrase, pla King, n. This people have ve-
Pee | ble ne, a setiled ler, is gen-_ ry little ideaofthe nature ofa
| ES We fil eraily used to express this) monarchy, in the general ac-

Piste i state of mind. | ceptation of this word, and

H| to ie Judge, n. batipo; this word al- there is no office among them
PP He a so means a chairman, or one) which corresponds with that

| | i iI who presides in a meeting. ofahkmg. There are three

| rite i Jug, a. gitrdi. prominent officers called, Bo-

| | in i Juice, n. nin; the waler of any, dio, Worabaah, Ibadio and
Pee ie i substance | Tihbawah, to each of whom

| | i i} Jums, v. mdna, p. monina, inf.) are assigned certain duties;
Pee WE mouamu. | but neither of these have a-

i EE ie i ny ascendency over the oth-

ri oie Wi IK ers, except so far as personal
ei character or family connec-
Is i 4 Keep, v.tuné, & tuné yimu;, tions may secure that ascend

aa | aaa the latter phrase is most ency. In writing, the Eng-

aes : i commonly used & means, fo, lish word king is retained,

re oie keep a look-out. modified into kinh, to suit
Lee eh ' §Xeeper, n. yimé tuo. the genius of the language.
Lh oi OM Key, n. badéh, pl. baedeh; in Kiss, v gnih, p. gnahda, inf:

bie so the pronunciation of this) gnahmu; to suck. -

Pie Ie. i word, the first yowel isKitten, n. pombwi bwi.

PtP | Hi : much prolonged. Knee, kona.

ae e

| Ih ie |

¢ }

Pra An

a |

ee en ay. eaten ee

| | a ’
i |
2 1
La 39 Eat |
Kneepan, n. kdna-yie. Large, a. boah; this word is
Kneel, v. koné, p. kénédi, inf, used also in the sense of. | i
konému. ‘The word hurul great, be, broud Se.

the ground is usually con-Last, a. lebadi. i

. nected with this. [Late>a. péple and honiné, Hy
Knife, n. fah, pl. fahya, uateut, a. hirdid:; this word is |
iKnock, v. hla, p. hlada, inf! more generally used on’ the | I
hlamu. | sense ofa verb. | H
Know, v. ibo, p. ipoda inf. ibo--Laugh, v. kha, p. khada, inf. | i
iT _ | Khamu;: {
ILaugher, n. khaa 1

L ‘Law, n. teteiz the word manh | i

( which more properly ‘means | j

Labor. n. kwowi; work. | a commandment, ic lvequent-_ /
Labor, v. ni kwowa. | used in the sense cf daw. |
Lack, v. ida; to want. Laxative, n nunu gidh; and
Ladder, n. badiba. { sometines, nunu tinh, 1. e. H
Lade, v. te, p. teda inf. temu. | wood that has the properties 4
Lake, n. nibties half water, in} of a laxative. i i
distinction from mh which is Lay, vy. po & pode, p. podeda, | 4
sometimes used by way of; inf. podému. In a great i i
eminence for an ocean of, many cases the letter e Hh
water. | takes the place of 0, & the | |

. Lamb, n. bliblé yu, or blablé) word becomes pe, peda, po- |
bwi; the offspring aofsheep,| mu. ‘There is no word in | i

ov a liitie sheep. the language that admits of ~ T
Laine, a. wowabo, _ a greater latitude. of mean- i
Laivent, v. tu or ti dimuh, p., ing ‘than this. Besides its |

_ tud. dimuh, inf. dimuh tumu., meaning ‘put, lay, ihrow down I
Lamp, . mictedu; a light. Sc, it is jomed toa great a
Land, nu. bro. many nouns so as cut of the | 1
Landmai k, mn. hnona & yidoda.| combination, to form a clags- i
Language, nm. winh; a word, | of verbs which correspond, |
language, dialect &e. | in sense with the noun whick: |
Lantern, n. There is no sim-- has been combined. The |
ple word to correspond with! word pe-yera to be angry is hi
this, they say mlatedu kudij one cf’ this class; it is made: i

: tudé, i.e. the thing which up of pe & yera, the latter i
contains the light. | of which is a substantive. &: | i


? | iv

| : :

| | i

: aaa ae RSE ONS RR OE s ;
iy 4 SSS =
i |
ee ae lint
h | ii) LE : 49 Iu {
a means anger. | to distinguish between this
Ree WE Lazy, a. hwoni. | word & the auxiliary ve«b
| Boe Lead, n. panih; to go in the ba must if Gc. The same
Pe ; water. They never uselead word is used in the sense of
! Wig for any other purrose than — stop, cease Se.
i | i to stuk their fish nets, hence Letter, n. kinid!; this name Is
ee a it takes the naine of some- applied to every kind of wyi-
res WW thing that, sinks into the water, tiag, book &c,
| | ead, v. nab ni 14; to walk Level, v. nu né wentkthna; to
ree il : him, or make him walk. | make it level.
i i _ Leaf, n. hau, pl. hauwi. « (Level, a. wénékéhni,
te i League, n. (confederacy) yer Lewd, a. rauri-gn¢bwi ;
| i Lay deh. (Liar, n. seha, pl: sehoh. :
i Ee ie Leak, v. li, p. lida, inf, limu. ‘Liberal, a. ndkwab; open hand-
Bi WR Lean, a. wé fai na; his flesh is ed.
es te | done or worn off. Lick, v. ba, p. béda, inf. bému.
| BYE Leap, v. (see jump ) = lid, n, jiu a
Peet HE Ail Learn, vy. khi or khe, p. khina, Lie, n. seh; this word is used in
| Pi a a inf, khimu. the sense cf m'siake, error
t Pe Lease, v. gni; to give. &c, or what is equally proba-
| i ne Least, a. bwi; the litle one.| ble, one individual never tells
ici The word assumes the sense) another he is wrong or mis-
a | eA of the superlative, by being taken but flatly charges him
| L | i called the little one, in dis- with a le.
| | Pi Wi tinction from all the others Lie, v. ni seh, or ka seh; you
E | Li i i which ave supposed to be lar- fabricate a falsehood, or
i ger. po YOU have a lie,
ao | Leave, v. se & seo, p sedi inf Lie, v. (to be in a_ horizontal
rie ie semu. position) pé or péo, p. péda,
bit ie Left-hand, n. kéinl kwoh, inf pénmu.
H | ul Leg,n. bo, pl. be. ‘Life, ‘n. han.
| a a Ht Leisure; n. ti; time. ‘Lift, v. du-yéh, p. duda-yeh,
a os Lend, v. ba mu be du né;_ inf. yah-dumu; this word al-
He ie jet me have it. | so mvans to get up.
I i 4 Length, n. hla. ‘Light,n. pebe.
Pie i Ha Leopard, n. gi, pl. gié. Light, a. (not heavy) fekwa.
fia ie WH Lessen, v. (see abate.) Light, v, bei, p. béida inf. bé-
i a fat, v. ba, p. bada, inf. bamu;, imu, |
| || Pil it is dificult in mmany cases|Light, v. (to fall upon) teyo,
| He i |
ae 7
t ff tHe et ; {


ha] 41 LO hl
i i
ee | |
p. tedao, inf, tema. | the word bwi is more eom- 1H |
ao a Sauces cis lot nize weed | ||
Lighten yau a pe yi;the sky amouly used, | /
winks ils eyes. Live, v. ne & neo, p. nena. & if
Like,. a. wo-ye, & wodéuyé. nedi, inf. nemu. ‘The word |
the noun with which this ad- ‘ mi, p. mana, inf. mama, Is u- }
1 i @ i he «a Ve sAtysa 3 i |
jective agrees, comes be- sed i the same ‘seuse, ny 3 i
: tween its syllables; thus, wo! not so frequently as the for- .
a care ifeioe vin? | mer i |
na ye, lune uote \ mer, - wet Anes’ Hi
Limb, n. babo, when apidied Liver, “ pl ’ yi ee 1¢ liver Is :
fo the branch of a tree; da-| considered by the natives, as 1
to the brat en IL-8 2 kar ) = Z a y gee eee
de, when refered to one of; the seat ofthe affections; and 1
the members of the human, the head that of the intellect. } {
body. Lizard, n. soh; they apply this | :
Limber, a: (see, flexible.) word to the horse also. It is 1
Lime, n. (fruit) panh. doubtful whether this name |
Limit, n- hnoni; this word 1s) was given from a resem- |
annived a vy gn ny . oe oa 3 Hh |
_ applied only to landmarks. | blance betw o “ or i
Line, n. tide; the same word whether the word was bor- Hy
that is used for a path or) rowed from the language ot i }
road. one of the » Wimdward i
eae ; ae ; : i
Link, n. (ofa chain) yééh. tribes, who also give the |
Lion, n. This animal is not). same name -to the. horse. if i
tobe found on this part ofthe!Lo, interj. yi & aio. |
Seer - Say Apt 1
coast, nor is itknownto the Load. n. bebledch. i
people, consequently there is Load, v. (see, lade.) |
( vyord 1 : : ‘ oe cod Hi)
no word in the language to Loaf, n. kodu, ae i |
correspead withit. When Lothe, v. gna (see, abhor.) i
a picture of a Lion is show-Lock, n. gabu, a padlock;
ed to a native, he invariably, branh-kwih, @ chest’s hand, I
ealls it, gi hwé 1.e..4 huge) for a chest-lock. I
leopard. Lock, v. ba, p. bada inf. bamu. : i
Te; a : ‘i
Juip, n. wuna kbobo, iLog, n. tuh; the same word is |
Listen, v. wa, p. wand inf; used in the sense of tree, i
wamu; whena question is) lumber &c. |
SiTâ„¢ tae atv Wat.) . San, i
asked the indicative is wat.|Loin, n. sah
y y . = in yA |
{he word simply means, éo|Long, a. hia. I
hear. Look, v. yi, and tana. I
Little, a. khimt; when refer-/Lookout, n. mayo. 5 be i
ence is made to an soimalli loose, v. wodé, p. wodéda ing. |
: |
| |
| i

a oS
a ia
Vi |
he a ni ‘ \
| a M A AQ MA
a Mi — wodému. (Make, v. ni, p. nu, nina andnw.
re Goose, a. nidéna. na, imp. nu, inf, numu. This
| a Lord, n. There is no word inj word has the force also of,
He we WH the language, which co ae ogee
HE a Ni ponds with this, and it has/Malady, n. kwainh,
= the “Englch ta Mr ica penned
Pe TE s ar, Is lf, be ,
/ i Nh Greboized into Masa. to the noun whichit qualifies
| i = Kose, v. wainh, p. wanané, ae woro kuhkub;.
Pr ine uh , wamu. a bad. heart.
eS Loud, a. hedah baka; a eee v. hu nd buné kuh-
oe noise. kwih; to do him wickedly.
i He Louse, n. nowé, pl. nowé. Man, n. gnebiya, pl. gnebo;
/ Ei ae Lousy, a. nowé na. = the plural of this noun, viz
Bey a Love, v. nowani, p. nowani-; gnebo, is used for mankind,
| Peie a na, inf. nowanime. Some- people &c.
Pei il times the word. wé-yé is u-|Manage, v. miné yimu;I1 will
boi il sed, but the former is the _see to it.
I Py He most common, & has itch Man iieot n. kunhkunh gne+
He ae the greatest latitude of ap-,| bwi; an adult.
eee ie A _ plication. — Manifest, v. tadi; to show, ez-
i i Hai Low, a. kwayé. hibit, teach.
mec ae Luck, n. krubwi; this word/Mankind, n. gnebo or gnobo
| ei atl has much latitude of mean-|_popleyina. pe
ee ae i ing, as, favour, gaunr Manner, n. bine: | ee
i be ie ail Lung, n. foah. Many, a. peplani, poplandi,
Pee ae Ue Lurk, v. hudi (see, abscond.) | pumlandi and plindi.
rE I Hy Lust, v. wé-yé Mare, n. sohkba; a female
Rie il hil Lustful, v. (see, lewd.) horse.
| | i Lye, n. simli nih; soap’s water:|Mark, n. yidoda. ae Re.
co i Lyre, n. hoba. Mark, v. 4 tu na 4 yidoda; he
| h | HH 4 put his mark upon it.
aes | ie M Marriage, n. There is no word
Pir ie ne to correspond: with this; nor’
Pee Mad, a. haiyu. have the people any kind of
2 S| a) | Magnify, v. nu né boah; to, nuptial ceremonies whatever.
Pee make it large. | When a man has paid the stip~
it i He Maimed, a. (see lame: ) ' ulated sum of. money for a
ee oa Majestic, a. hwé. - :
| ‘A eC
tf] Hit WEA g

3 ¥
| i |
' 1 |
MA 43 ME - 10
«girl, he goes or sends for her,|/Mate, n. (an officer of @ mer- :
and she becomes his wife} chant vessel) yubo; thisname |
without further ceremony. is‘applied to the individual |
‘Marrow, n. siimre; the same who is the second most proin-
word is used for the brazn. inent person in any commu- it |
Marry, ‘v. du gnina; to take 4 nity. (affair) blid i |
-wife or woman, Matter, n. (affair) blidi. / a i
Marvel, v. bu & gedi, p. bud’ Mature, vy. kunh, and kunh ne, ; | |
and gedida, inf. bumu & ge-| p. kunhda, inf.kunhmu, |
‘dimu. The word bu prep thy Bay n. They have no names |
is nothing more ‘tham an e-| for their months, but they |
jaculatory expression of sur- divide their year into moons. | !
prise, wonder &c; but is reg- May, v. aux. brane. |
ularly inflected and has the Me, pro. mu, mii, and in some - |
meaning of marvel, ee few instances, |
ke. Mean, a. gninnéidu. q)
Marvellous, @. te hwé;:a great Mean, v. peyé; it says so & so. 4
affair. To ask what this or that Hy
A A A A a e . ~ j
Mash, v. bada, p. badada, int thing means, thev say, hani i 1
badamu. Sometimesthe word, éh peyé i.e. how it. speaks or | |
wénh, wah, to break, is used, says. a
an the same sense. ‘Measure, v. senaneé, p. sena- i
Mast, n. (ofa vessel) tuh ‘pl.} néna, inf. senanému. if
pl. tih; a tree, or the body Measure, n. senané-déh. { i
of a tree. ‘Meat, n. dibadi, when the ref- ii |
Master, n. kuba, 1s the word ap erence is to food generally ; 4
plied to the master of a ves-| swamdé when referred to the i |
; sel, and is, probably, com-| flesh of animals. |
pounded of kubi, a white man, Mechanic, n. seka-nud, pl, se- Hi
and binh a leader. Slaves, ka-nuoh, fl
apply the word Buh (father) Meddle, v.:biyo, p. bidaio, inf. — -
to their masters. | biomu. A i
° ¥ Sate . t is z x a ; ia
Masticate, v. ti, p. tad’, inf. Mediate, v. ga, p. gada, inf. Bt |
tamu. | gamu; (see, interfere) i
x | : ; |
Mat, v. kah, pl. kweh. The Mediator, n. gaa, pl. gaoh. i
same word is applied te the Medicine, n. gidih & geh. The a
skins of animals, bark of| first isthe word most com-’ 1a
trees &e. monly used, Sts the name | i |
Boe 4 i
, a
q |
| : | | /

i. re ee aT oer '
i { }
i rt At
i i (My 3 ‘
peu it : MI
| | He M Ef. $3 |

| i} . ‘

i ii : “p earino heart.
‘a a 5 fied merciful or fordearmg heart,
rea lilt they also give totheir felaches a . e 5 yer wreaose his
+e | ARS wade Merry, a. a Wore hehe
HE alll ' Meek, a, a ka wadi h. ae , Ys Fea T patp r smooll. Kiv-
HE ih 1 -Adéh, This} heart is level or smooin.
Hee ll Hea Te 1 eans| ery sensation of uneasiness,
HY i ia a 20 P Ss eae :
re word more properly m eA eee Seatac be ohar-
H Ni} aap VITN tNEemM, Se = ia
| \ modest 4 ka musuh; acterized by an unsettled
ia Hh Melancholy, . a Ka ane state of the seat cf emotion;
it iit i . ~ . e mele tat Me S€at r
PeaW I he is melancholy or Las m and the feelings of happiness

| i| Seep cee } 2 ANE ee
ie Ni ancholy feelings. metimes| on the contrary, is the result
Se HU Mellow, a. hidu; sometimes ; et aries) atatt.ot
fee GW | , “Le lainl e. a is| of a calm and settled sta
Pec they say, éh kunh ne, 2 the liver or heart. The

os) nalured. 0 ttle d:
Ee Tn Sige : They have no phrase, pla blene, a s¢ tiled
Pe it GE Memory, mp. iney rae liver, is always uased to,-ex-
Ae Sw ames for the diferent racul- Sa eee sinwiess
Ab i | names : 3 ‘ess the idea of happiness
Ae ies. of the mind, They) press ta Dat ones
aa) oe Mee HA idea ofal and is not, unlixe the exam-
te would express the idea oti a aaa

= : ane. wre ple above mentioned.

sie | good memory by saying, a WO" Tessage, h. tibusa

bot ii ro blite kwih, i. e. hts mind|Message, n. Lan

BS Me TRI EDO ee ne IMescenaer n. nuye.

} Nt nt 2 > ‘a 44 VU os . \f ZS z ? 5 ve . ~~ , .
Pca i holds or retauns U ings = IMidniaht n tib-heidi: the mid-
I ri Menace, v. tudé na = a ee TE night.
yf i - Mend. v. m: da, int, Ma- € Soe Pe ae
ET Mend, v. ma, p. Mada, Milk n. bili gnidih nih; titer~
EH iil mu [a NS Vieira baoabha ce

{ il RNY we ¥ ».| : ! 20OWwW Ss Dreast Ss yc

ini ; Ee ; d’s ully, the co
| i Ha Mental, a. woro te; the be : ee > ait aoat oe atvotl the
Hie things, or the things of the
b pee il ; 4 : cow's breast.
ii mina. Ng . 1. woré
bei We il . i} Mind, n. woro, pl. —
Cie il Merchandise, n. wadih. Re eee ine Wiebe
: it A = , pAnO-poOa; aman Mina, v. Mayo & B
ee He iil Meoyenantar sae re | first means lake care, be on
PERS He ie : -es trade. rs SA Spe a
Pelt oe who menset: PAS he Was your guard &c; the second is,
REE We aN Neapciti Lae War; SANS, .
i: i oi Merennt 2. sa : | keep your eyes upon i,
| iF | a pity or sorrow. co ete Rea sual n. woworkadeh orswo-
ee Mercy, n. wari and woromana; ssineral, D. Eo ae elec haan
bhi ih ' . Mercy, n.¥ “1 the. sense! woda-deh; the literal mean
He AN the first is used in the sens | ae tae eacdaned fou le
ah HU Ss 212 MPASSLON,| : : ae :
a oe of, sorrow, puy, compassion) he o They know nething
Pie ie cae The second is things. They ees
BI ! HE AA PPE &G: anes i 2, 54 “p10
bee ee meee ii nnected| of mineralogy as a science,
FI | ijk eS ng sONNe CLEC aie 8 : ae
ii te Wa very generally a sec | and their classification of min
i . aS r simaihies| — IY C1ass :
I W Stag Nee: a ie | eral substances, as well as m
3 iit Peet BS Haraon a al subs es 3
bec to show mercy, eS “VV | all othe departments of natu-
re eo bearance and paivence. V0- ; “gies icaniily
PER | Hi ee \ ans. a ral science, must netessarits
i iy i Tae remana probably means i) a
iF Bes itt a a -
ht } {
et] i Hi
Fits i ie
f it iW
‘Bae 4 i ;
PRET Ae reas


, WE AL 45 MO | i
: i |

be defective. | applied only to a woman who | Hi
Mingle, v. (see mix.) is kept for lewd purposes. Te
Minute, n. ‘The people know There is no word 1m the lan- |
nothing of the division a ee guage to correspond with nvs- i] |
- into seconds, minutes, and) ivess when it means the fé- ‘Hi
hours, and of course, have male head of a family. >. Li
no words to correspond with|Misunderstand, vo ye nah winh i
these. | ibo} I did not know, your i aH
Mirror, n, yedch; this word 13| word. | | |
not only applied to looking Jfitigate, v. éhmi khékba; it i
classes, but to all polished] is some easier or better. if
substances which retiect im-jJh ix, v. khebo, p. khebeda mi. ii
aves. | khebomu. | i
Miscall, v. kit, p. kiina,, inf Mock, v. 4 seniné na wun; i
kimu; the same word is u-| he measured iny mouth i} |
sed in: the sense of err (seeJMode, n. bind or kbiné (see: | |
err) fashion.) - i
Mischief, n. pod te, you have Model, n. beh nu né bah wo. ai}
brought mischief. ‘Fhe word] né yé; you .must make i 3

fe has greater latitude of| it like this ‘or that thing. . i]
ineaning than, any thin! There is no word in languane 1] |
word in the language (see; to correspond with the word i 4
the word, ting) : | model when used in the sense i i
Miser, n. kun&b-kwah & gnin- of a noun. 1H !
nékwah; atight-handea man Modern, a trayedé; the same | ee
Misery, n. swéh baka; He) word is used in the sense of - \j |
great trouble er distress. new, young &c. | ! |
Misfortune, n. a ka kideh; he Moment, n. There is no word if
has misfortune. | to correspond exactly with i
Mislaid, v. éh wa ne mli; itis, this. They say tétinu, movw,. if (
lost from me. and duhduh one dime or wnme- i i
Mislead, vy. & kbhad@mu seha| drately. ial
tide; he took me along the,Mfoney, n. The word wudih is |
wrong road. | applied to every species ay
Mist, n. nuh siné (see drizzle.), of merchandise; and when | i |
Mistake, v. ka, p. kuna, int they see silver coin, they cali | i i
kiima (see, err) | it silva. wudih, 3. ¢. sever mo- a
Mistress, n. kada; this word is| ney. a i

: Monkey, ne yidih, pl. yidahy | (

2 | a

A i



ae a

: ‘ 1a

| A â„¢

| | i i MO 46° MU

| it - onth, n, ‘They divide their! sect which we éall the moth.

eet th year into so many moons, | Mother, n. deh. i
aaa. hence they say, one moon,|Motive, n. blidi or-te ne 4 wo-

eae an | two moons, | ro kudi; an affair, or a thing

i Fe a Moon, nu. habo; this word is is in his heart.

| | i also ayplied to a lunar month Mountain, n. tebwé; a moun-
Fe (see, month.) | tain, hill, cape, ridge,

gaa) More a. be &#hbe. Mourn, v. oh ti dimuh, or ob ,

Hi | to Morning, n. gninniaru; the, tu’ dumuh, they keep a

| PM day's child, or the youthful part, mourning,

hie a _ of the day, /|Mourniag, n. d'muh or dumuh. |
eae ae Jorrow, pn. gninnimii, & Mouse, n. boduh pl. bodih.

Et gninnamiinyamu; the day!Mouth, n. wund & wuna.

Ed ‘| thatis going to be lighted, Move, v. wo-tana p. wodi-

Hed i or to give light. | tana inf, tana-womu.

ie 1 Mortar, n. toh; the vowel in Much, a. hwo & éh hwo, &
uae ~ this word is much prolonged, sometimes baka; the ‘ast

| Lue i in the utterance, & in this) of which, may mean very

tt i Ne Way it Is distinguished from, much, very fust, very quiek,
iae4, the word fo, war. | according to the context. |
Bl} wei JMortify, v. twé ni mii; shame}Muddy, a. pudu.,

| sil i __ affects me. (Murder, v. 4 pe hunum’; he

ri ‘Most, a. behio; — this word, has-committed murder.

i Pie ae seems ty be compounded of Murder, on. hunuma.

| ue the words be more, and hio toMurderer, n. 4 po hunuma, a

| i Hi exceed, and the sense of it} man who has committed

| | ae a is, it exczeds more, which is) murder.

fi fe equivalent to the superlative Must, v. The letter,b, either

BE EG i , degree of much or many. | by itself, or. in combination
Ae -Moth, n. papai, and hohon4bwi with some vowel which is

ci HH the first is applied toa sta] not known, always has the

a ti insect which cuts holes iuto, force of must & uf, & in some

i i wood, and often injures their, cases of let. It is always

| ie ne canoes. ‘The second is a lit- combined with the pronoun,

Roi ow tle cockroach, a name they, andthe two together consti-

hte i more frequently give to an tute what may be regarded

Pei insect which injures woolen, as the auxiliary of the verb,

aa clothes and fur hats, and is| both in the subjunctive and

I | He it sprobably a @pecies of the in-| imperative modes. It can be :
Pre Be

be i

i b> bi .

Pen a

il 3
| ] |
: | |

NA AT NE | |
determined to have an imper-| Mlé gno, the people of Ameriet He
dive or subjunctive sense on | forthe American nation. And i |
lv by the connection. (see| a blih wé, eur country people, i i
Grammatical Analysis, art.) for our nation. Hil
48.) JVative, n. blih pe, a country Hi i
Myself, pron. dui; the mu man; or bro-ih gne, men of" i |
word is used for yourself ex-| the soil. ©
cept that the intonation is/Navel, n. nowana. te
different, and for the sake of/Nay, ad, ondu. a
distinction, ‘tis spelled duih.|Near, v. kwané, p. kwinén’, i |
| inf, kwanému. Hi ai
N Near, a. kwiné, and kwiné. a
Neat, a. titi. | :
Nail, n. ptinhma, Neck, n. prod. | |
Naked, a. khéwodéna. ‘Need, n, There is no corres | i
Name, n. gnene; this word is} ponding noun for this; they i i i
not easily pronounced by aj would express the idea by aif,
foreigner; itis uttered by aj saying, 4 ida né baka, he 4 i
sudden and quivering motion] wants it very much, i | |
of the organs of speech, and Needle, n, di¢h. Hi i
can be acquired only by a'Needy, a. poh (see poor) a
great deal of practice. Neglect, v. 2 neh tu né yimu, i Vi
Nap, n. nyinu-yi. he did not look to it, a ye ii |
Nape, n. proh kéh; the back} né déhyi, he did uot care 1a
part of the neck. for it. They have many o-- nil |
Napkin, n, plé-diro; the cloth) ther phrases to express the | | i
to wash with. idea, but no one word to core dil |
Narrow, a. kéké, kékédina, &! respond with neglect. a |
khimi; the first is moreiNegociate, v. A nu né; simply, ai i
commonly applied to a nar he did or settled the matter. a
row path; the second toNegro, n. gne idikpobo; a ei
cloth & similar articles; the| black man. i!
_third is used indiscriminately|Neighbor, n. kai woro gnebwi,. t i
for small, little, narrow &c. and panhno gnebo; the first” 1a
Nasty, a. gninné & gninnéidu) means a person whose house: ” ie
& héné, ranges ina line nearby. The. i |
Nation, n. There is no corr¢s-| second is a person who iy i i
: ponding word in the Grebo! near by. Neither of these | i
language for this. "Ihey say,! phrases is much need. : i zB
. , a |
“1a it

i f it , : . -

! it
eeu |

Et i . wT fa ay oy
tah Nok, 46 NY

i Hib -

i | aa Netvher, prem. ch ye; not they! this people is divided into
Hed Nh -Werve, Cae Vhey ha .e no word, three distines parte... Wide is -
i | aa fo correspond with this,) the part of the-night from the

ie i A aad they have too litle know; ,oing down of the sun until
| ii ledge» of physiology, 0) bed-time; tab: heidi exteads

AE ie a know any, thing about ihe) from bed time uutil four o
i; f | nerves asa distinet part oF clock = the Morning 5 the

Le a the human system. | remainder of the night iscall-
| Le oi Nest, n. nibla-ih hlih, is the) ed eninnémah.

fhe nane of a birds nest; habi--Nightimare, n. (see Incubus)
EE ne th tidah, is'the name of a'Nine, a. seiduh; probably one
tA a fowls nest. leveling, i. e wanting one of fen.
i i | Net, n. ted:.h, pl. tedéh. INineteen, a. puh-ni-seiduh;
| Ei 4 Netttle, n. tusunisu and gin’ 5 ten & nine.

Ata aa these words apply to two:Nineteenth, a. They have no:
hfe a kinds of the nettle. ordinal beyond cwaio; in wri-

| Pf Never, ad. idukau. This word) ting we adopt ‘the cardinal

aa a: is uttered with a hissing, ve+ numbers, &in this instance
| PW ' hement sound, the last sylla ! it would be, puh n4-seiduh
| 1 ble particuiarly, is pro nineteen.
| Lae me, longed like the crack of a Ninth, a. seiduh.

| i ld whip. nee n. gnidih miih; the
ea a New, a. irayedé. breast’s nose or the end of
| | a | , News, n. te; things; the ques} the breast.

| | a tion ‘‘what’s the news’"is te!No, ad. ondu, and ye or yede,
4 boi Ht ne Gh bla? any thing lives! the latter stands connected
Pein (is) your country. Vibusé uy with, & qualifies a verb. —
| Pe : some instances means OES OT a. hah, nono, or noyino.
| a Next,:a. kwatoy this word also Nod, v. kbé nyiuu yi; he.carr

Lf i ie means second. ie ries sleep on his eyes.

KI He Nibble, v. di ne;is eating. — |Noiie, ad. déh ye, something

| hi Ae | Nice, a. nono & noyivo. is not.

ea ma Nickname, n.:Khadé gnene; a'Nonsense, n. winh fre or winh

tere ia name of derision, or a name] fro; empty words.

Lei : to be laughed at. Noon, n. wénhtyo or wénh-
rae Nickname; v. oh gnind kha-+ yah; the latter means that
Pe a dé gnene: they give him al the sun has brought or come
FI HEH He nickname. | up. 4
L | Lie ie Night, 7. tihy the night withjNorth, n. biworo; the mean+
Bae es ae
| i.

Ppa iN
et eS
Pi ii :

i )
| re
NO 49 OB i
ing of this word is the intern ka orch yéh, i.e. I shut up ai fi
or, or main. body of land,| the town. a
which les in a Northerly di- Now, ad. tétinu qi
rection from the Grebo Number, n. tid; how many, or Ht
country, or is supposed by| hat number. To express the | |
thein, to lie in this direction.) idea of a great or simall num- i i
Nose, n. mich; the same word ber, they would say, pl-ndi i | i
is used to signify the end or muny, or khimi few. ‘There 1a 4)
termination of any thing. | is no one word however, ai
Nostril, n. mich-fus, pl. mich-) which strictly corresponds el
fui; the hole of the nose, or, with the above. ai
the nose’s hole. ‘Nurse, v. tun’ yimu, to attend ih al
Not, ad? neh, nah, & sometimes to, or to keep a wateh over , !
ye, yeda or yedé;. the first it. ai |
two are those most common- Nurse, n. kra-yu-te; one who i |
ly used, the latter of which has charge ofa child. a) |
frequently hosthe force of Nut, n. tai; the heart. i) |

- must not, cannot &c. They| ai i
can be distinguished from thel C ili ‘
auxiliary of the subjunctive' ai |
mood in one instance, and Oar, n. wado or waro, pl. wa- Hi |
from the adjective pronoun) de or worc; this word means r i
nih your in the other, only| a paddle rather than an oar, Hi
by their connection with the! but it 1s also applied to a Hi
context. The word ye fre- boat’s car. et
quently assumes the inflec-Oath, n. a bedi Gnissuwah Tan 4
tions of the verb and be- yeh; he swore to or by Ged. 1 i
comes yeda, yedidé and The people do not distin- q
yedé (see Grammatical An-| guish between an oath, and al 2!
alysis, art 21.) | a prayer, owing to the fact, f (
Notch, n. yedeh; this word perhaps, that their caths are i (|
_ also means year. always of an imprecatory na- TE
Notch v. pe yedeh; to put ; ture, and hence they have | i
make a hotch. but one phrase for both. HI |
Notify, v. leli gnebo, to tell the Obedience, n. wadéh; meek- . i }
people; and in some instan-| ness, docility, obedience. mi
ces, particularly when the Obedient, n. & ka wadéh; he Hl |
object of the notification is) has got obedience, or he exe ni |
to keep the people at ote | ercises obedience. i | i
aa |

7 \ 1 i i


| aay oi

[ I

(| 4)


l= )
aaa OC 50 OF
gag Obey, v. There is no word to!Ocra, n. tedih, and terah
ree Wt correspond with this; they October, n. (see January. }
eh would say, nu déhné leh-Odd, a. éh ye yénaminé.
HE Be dina ba nu, he has done Odor, n. noh.,
fete what Liold him-to do. Off, ad. kre; by.
| Ee aN Oblige, v. & podé na pla ne, Offend, v. pe-yerA, p. pedi-ye-
rE Hi) when oblige has the force of,| rd, inf. yerd-pomu; the sub-
ith to piease, or lo do a favour &c;| ject of this verb comes be-
ee a when it means fo, compel Sc, tween its syllables.
| Pe an nu nibanuné, fmade himOfense, n. A pe no yera; he
ite it do it. | made them angry, or offend-
Bi Observe, v. yi né; simply, I ed them, instead of, he gave
iga a. saw, or! noticed it. | offense.
' ih Obsolete, a. gnekbadé or hwa- Offer, v. There is no word to |
| Li tT | bo te; old people's thing, or, ccrrespond with this; they
ee aa word: <3 ; would express the idea, by
| Ll a Obtain, v. ya né né? simply,) some such circumlocuticn as
| Ee git have you bronght it. | the following, lelin4 ba du
EY . Obtrude, v. & po yimé; the, né, I told him he might take
Hey ea precise meaning of this, it.
| i iH | phrase is rather obscure, Offering, n. méma, and géwo-
| i vali | probably, its meaning is) no. ;
aaa | something like, he evinces Officer, n. when the office is of
Lie ae covetousness; from the fact,| a civil nature, itis orah: hah
: | Hel perhaps, that a man is apt to gnebwi, the towns’ good man,
1 a render himself more obtru-| ora prominent man ‘n the
He nh sive by evincing a covetous, town; when it isa military
I+} He ae spirit, than he does in any| office, the incumbentis call-
a Le ae other way. | ed, sedibo-kunh, a matured
eae | Occiput, n. tineh. | soldier. Neither of these
iN al Occupy, v- dned@; he ishere,) phrases however correspond’
| 4 a or he lives here. _ | strictly with the word offi-
aaa Ocean, n. idu. and according) cer. Their forms of gov-
| Fy Boer to the pronunciation of some) ernment (if indeed they de-
Le ier it runs into yidu. The first’ serve the name) are, in Mma-
| ke i mii however isthe common pro-| ny respects, perfectly uni-
Hey at nunciation. Sometimes the} que. ‘The legislative, judi-
| Hu ay word nih water, is used by, dicial & executive depart-
| | a i way ofeminence for ocean.| ments are blended: together,
ee ae
| Le 3
te sit ee
et} ein }
Pe i
et ee : ‘

| | i)
: , 1 an A
OP 51 OR | |

| {

and the people legislate; wp; and the noun governed a i

judze aad execute their laws} by it, goes between its sylla- } ;

almost en masse. They sel-| bles and is also used in the | Hh

dom think of investing any; same sense. Gi, p. gida inf. |

. one individual with special,| g@amu, is also used in the |- t |

oficial duties, hence the ab-| same sense, especially in | nih

sence of a word for officer| connection with opening the vel

. DOften, ad. ti biyé and tipeplin-| mouth. | ’ i

; di; every time, or many Open-handed, a. na-kwih, 1a
times. Open-hearted, woro ké- * aa

Oh, intj. ma and Madéh. | na; smooth heart, and by im- | | |

Oil, n. kéndh; this word is ap-| plication, open-hearted. i

plied to palm oil, as well toOperate, v. ni, p. nu, nina, nu- ai :

every oily substance wha:e-| 1, inf.'numu (see, do.) Bil |,

ver. Opinion, n. There is no cor- y |

Old, a. daka, and hwonAné. responding werd for this. It a)

Omit, v. se, p. sedi, inf semu.| would be expressed, by say- Ai 2
Omnipotent, a. There is no| «ing, n& woro yé, my heart or i t

word to correspond with this) mind says so and so. i |

The idea would be expres-Qppose, v. ké-yéna, p. keda- i) |

sed by saying, Gnissuwch) yend, inf. yénd-kému; he ay

waidi ba nu tebli biyé, God) binds me up, or restrains me i |

1s able to do all things. | The subject of the.verb goes Al |

On, prep. kéh; the back. between its syllables. HE

On, ad. gnah; this word also Oppress, v. tina swéh; to cause Ai |,

i means ahead, beyond &c. | himsdistress or trouble. I |
Once, ad. wouduh and won-Or,.conj. he, and sometimes 1 |
duh-ah'ta; sometimes, ti duh bama. : nal 2!

; ag S js z a ; ia 4)

one tume, is used, Oracle, n. bwedé-gnimma; this | | il

One, a. duh, by some it is pro-| is the nanie they give to the ai |
nounced doh; the former is} ‘‘Grand Devil oracle’ near Bil
the one most commonly a-| the mouth of the Cavally ri- | |
dopted in writing. ver. WE
Only, a. 4duh and éhduh; AeOration, n. biti & pe bati; to H
one, or it one. . deliver a speech. ail |

| Open, a. kra-yéh. Orator,h. bati-poa. ! |
Open, v. kra-ych, p. krida-yéh, Origin, n. There is no word Al |
\ .inf. yéh-kramu; the im-|. to correspond with this; the i i
port of the phrase is, open| idea would be expressed in ail

al |




1a |

if | |

: | [|


a ot 52 OV

gang 3

| ai some such way as the er son both of the singular and

Hh | i 1H . Ing, téh te kwé, ortéhte woé?! plural number, is wiitten,

l aa where did such a thang origin-| for the sake of distinction in

He ua afe, or come from? In some] reading, duth (see myself. )

1 few cases, they wouid say,/Out, ad. wo, and wodé; from,

aa ie rih luh, the river head for! or out of.

| ih} origin of ike river Outer, a. kh; the back, or

| i | Ornament, a, paodth and kbi-| outside thing.

| be aut nch; the first is applied gen [Outside, n. ‘There is no cor-

fr eae erally to the ornaments} responcing word with this

| | ( aah | wiich men wear, the latter, which will admit of gen-

Eo a to those of the female sex. eral application; thus they
i | Orphan, n, kwi-hysh and kwi-| say, kai pu, ihe outside of the

| = a hy: h: this name is given tol house; and or&h hwuna, the

te ae a child who: has lost both of| oufside ef the town, &e.

i: i BBTiT | its parents. Orphans areOver, prep. luh and yau; the
LAE Hn | regarded as’ th eobjects of| first means the head, and
Fi A (od’s special care and love. | the latter the sky.

five Other, pron. abi or abe, pl. oh- Overcome, v. bio p. hina, inf.
ten be; this is a. compound word,| himnu (see excel.)

i Wi | and is composed of a he, andOvertlow, vy. They have vari-

| i be more or other; & the plu-| ous phrases to express this

aaa ral form is oh, they, & be; idea. If a vessel of any
t ra 1 | others, so, ohne they others. kind is filled until it over-

| mi Ought, v. bléde; this verb has,) flows, they say €h yié éh
4 | as its corresponding word in} wora hwona, 1. e. it fills, it

| ai English, no inflectons what- runs (ra:her vomits over.) In
Pe ever, though it is used in} relation to the overflowing
| i id most of the tenses of regular; ofa river from a freshet it is

a verbs. | said, ch yieyi ne; if to the

| iy Ha | Our, a. pron. 4%; the possessive overflowing of the regular

| hf u case, of this pronoun is the! tide, they say, yeyi ne.

| ea same with the nominative. \Over-hear, v. wa; simply, to

iH de Ourselves, pron. adni;. the) hear (see,.hear.) ee

| F: i i dui means self; when it pe Oe 10 v. a nisaunh bake;

Pe ah alone it means myself, when) to be very glad.

[| Hl a in combination as ‘dui, it is Over-look, y. 4 ti no’ yi.
FT fei aa himself, adui ourselves, ohdui Over-pav, v. hie 4 péda; I exe
| Le themselves,. The second per-| ‘ceeded his pay.
Br eo i Mey
| aa
PEE Bp .
f 1 | / Ht
A ke ah |

, =
7 : il
Rx 53 Px | i
i | i |
Overseer, n. wayituo: this! hold, by giving ] in the first, - ni 1
word is not very generally _ a roiling sound; and this roll- ( i
sed nor understood. ing sound of J is indicated | |
Overthrow, v, his-né mah; the, by using ll. As now spelt |
same word is used for invert it dees not differ either in | oe
Own, v. 4 bling wudih kwah;} sound or writing from bili ay
he holds my money in his, a cow, and they are to be dis mt
hand or he has my money. | tinguished from each other, i |
Own, v. k4, p. kidd, inf ka-| as a numerous class of words | f i
mu; to have, to own, to pos-| in English are, by the con- . Tie
sess &c. (see, have.) | nection with the context. a | |
Owner, n. There is no nownPadlock, n. gibu pl gabul.
to correspond with this. They Pain, n. déhycde and ycde, and | ql ;
would say, M4,ka né, Ihave khekra. Hi
or Town ‘t, or, gua ki néPain, v. khekra ned@, pain: is a \
who owns 1? there; and semetimes, deh aif
Oyster, n. kwari or kwaré, pl.| ycdé ne. | aii
kware. Paint, v. se, p. seda, infsemu; | il) 4
| this word does not differ in \@ | }
P pronunciaivn — or wriling, Hi
from the word se and seév to Hie
Pacific, a hah; good. Some- leave, abandon Sc. Hi i
times they weuld say, a ye Pair, n. ‘Vhey have no word to iil
blidi nowini, he does not love, correspond with this; in- \
palaver, or aye to now ani,) some cases suh-suhiwo would * i i
he does not love war. | be substituted for it. (aa |
_- Pack, v. te, p. ted, inf temu; Palatable, a nohwund; some- Hi
the same word signifies to, thing pleasant to the mouih h |
lide, to stow &e. (Palate, n. mlamla tibwi; a a |
Paddle, n. wado and waro, pl. short throat, or a hal@throat. a i
wade and ware (see oar) The Palaver. n. blida, pl. blidi; this a |)
letters d and r are commu-, word has much latitude of | ai |
table; and the same individ-| meaning, as affur, quarrel, i i
| ual would be just as apt to dispute, law-suit, disturbance, ete
use the one asthe other. | alarm, distress &e. ‘There 1s | i
Paddle, v. blli, p. bllidi, inf) no word in the English lan- | i 1
biimu; this word 1s distin- guage which is an exact | I)
guished in common conver-| counterpart to it. if |
sation from the. word bli \toPalin, n. (of the hand) kwih i el
A | oa 3
| ll |
‘ | ag
‘ ee ee E|' eet
| l
! hs

4 arr SS ———————._ es See *
i | :
Leia PA fh 4 PA
! ai kud?; the hands belly, or the tincups. .
Heh at inside of the haad; kbah Panic, n. hwanua baka; great
Heh the whole internal surface. | fear.
| Fi Palin-nut, a. hwiya. Pant, v. wora hondh baka, and
aa) Palm-oil, n. kénsh; the accent sometimes, hwudi honah bi-
| | be an is on the first syllable; the ka; to breathe violently (see
j E i) same word is apphed to all breathe.)
It | P| : oily substances. Pantaloons, n. si’mu; this word
| = Hl) Palm-Jjuice, n. (commonly call- ot late has been almost -en-
rea ediy those nativeswho speak tirely superseded by the King
| | bt English, palm-wine) yonah lish word trowsers, usually
i fa} i, €, rum from the palm-tree, pronounced trausa.
YE or the palm-free’s rum, The Papa, n. Children generally
b | i i liquid itselfis nothing more, cal! their parents by their
H a than the sap ofthe palintree common names. in some
i aa _ extracted by making an in-, few instances they may say,
Lae in scission in the body of the, bub and deh father and moik- |
| at tree, or by cutting down the er, but this is very uncom-
Sat tree and having the sap ooze «omen.
Ht i a out of. the end. It ferments Papaw, n. nyénya.
| | i if} | very rapidly, and afier twen- Papaw-tree, n. nyénya-tuh; the
L | Au ty four hours, it “becomes papaw-tree.
| fa highly intoxicating, hence Paper, n. difro’ and dcifra pl.
" i its name, paliv-wine. | difre. .
| 7 fa Palmetto, n. sch, and sah-tuh; Paper-money, n. difra wudih;
| 1 i this name is given toa splen- paper-money.
He i did tree of the palm kind, Par. n. oh wode-ve5 they are
Hi | J Fe which closely resembles the, the same, or they are onan
1 Se eee palmetto. | equality.
tiie Palpitate, v. pi-nah and piyo-Parcel,-n. di and éhdi; simply,
fl Mt nah, p., inf.nah-) some.
\ | : pimu. Parch, v. dah p. dahda, inf.
hf i ‘Palsy, n. wah; this word is, d.hmu; this word is spelt with
| Fs Beil sometimes used for half-dead, a finalh, merely to distin-
| { il and probably they say ofa guish it from the word da
Lite i man who has the palsy heis, to call. srs
Lie ah half-dead. ‘Pardon, v. po-woro-maéna, p,
i HT i “an, n, (tinpan) pafro ; the, peda-woro-mana, laf. Wworo-
Basa same name is also given to, mana-pomu; the meaning of
i = i HT -
Papa |
Pita |
bie i
Ay ui Ah

| z \
| ey
PA 55 PA Ti
‘ ; Ba a)
this phrase 1s, fo excercise aj tector, guardian &e. ! : H
merciful heart. ‘Phe word gov-|Patronize. v. 4 ma ni buh; he af i
erned by this verb, is always) is my father, by which it is i i
found between its syllables. | implied, that he acts as a fa~ I
Parent, n. There is no weid ther, qi
in the, language to corres-iPause, v, nu khe; to make a | H
pond with this; the words,! pause. When these woidsare a
buh and deh, father & mother uttered in connection, the i i
are always used. | k ofthe second is) souaded i |
Parrot, n. khoh, plikhéh. This)” as ifit belonged to the first, i |
word dees not ‘differ frem) thus auk-be. ‘Che word kbeis a il
the word, khi ambtnous, jea-| comt-enced by a consonant if | \
lous, Sc. except in being) sound interinediate between | i i
written with a final h (see) b and p, which is more near- i i |
ainbiten) | ly represented by kb than a- a j
Parsimonious, a, ga*nné-kwihs| ny other consonant combi- ai
an ugly, and by inplication,) nation. Sometimes, aid es- a [|
a close-hand. |. pecially in language addres- ii | i
Part, on. wah, wehke oe sed to children, po is used q | i
when faken in its most! instead of nu, which makes ai
limited sense. | the phrase, po kbe, istead of iF |
Part, v. (see distribute ) | nu kbe : i
Partake,e. duna wih; take Pause, n. kbe. i |
your part or share, iPaw,n koba, pl. kobwé. | i 1)
Partial, a. nowan: na; I love Paw, v. fré and fro p. froeda, an
him, for, lam partial tohim, inf. fromu. i !
Party, n. wih and wihke; side ‘Pawn, n. tema. al |
Pass, v. hi ard his, p. hina inf Pawu, v. pond tema; Tlaid or a
himn (see, excel.) | gave a pawn. ie i
Path, n. tide. Pay, v. td, p. tén’ inf. tému; an
Patience, n. woro-mind: the} the same word was used to ’ ai
the same word is used for signify buy and pey, but the- 4 |
forbearance, mercy &c. (see) English word pay has super- ay |
mercy.) | seded the Grebo té, and is Al
Patriarch, n, buh, pl. buhno;+ pronounced and written pé. : | |
father. Pay, n. peda; this is also an if i |
Patron, n. buh; this word pri- English word adjusted to the if i
marily means father, but it form of.a Grebo noun. | | i
is also used for, pation, pro-\Pea, n. denhyé,'pl. denh. ai |
ail |


ia |h



Wadi 3)

| q

wil 4)

i BOR ed F
I Re Bh tt '
oe Re ea a “4
AF Ra P i 56 PE

pis 3}

qaain Peace,n, There is no noun in Penetrate, v. kbunu, p. kbunu-

RY ‘i . ore
HE Hi the langnage to correspond ‘da, inf. kbunuaiu.

\ Rai with this, but the verb, @a,Penurlous, a.” gainndé-kwih

i anit th Se es 2 4 ; jas

} EE p. gada, Inf:gauu, to wmeke, [see parsimonious. )

te oR or establesh peace, supplies the People; a. gneho; the pruna-

= 4 ae : - . . “a : - ‘esac

itt i place. ‘Uhe tdea of peace is! ry signification of this word
rey Hi sometunes expressed in the) is men, but it is also u-

i i Hi nevative order, by saying, se sed in the sense of. people,
| LH HH) ye de ne, no palaver is here;| maniind &c. (see men.)

Bi | H i = Soh
re en and alsu, to ye de ne, warPepper, peya. |

} PT ; : - 5 3 : ;

be ah is not here. Perceive, v. ilo, fo know, or yi
ete a Peaceable, a. (see pacific) fo see; these are the oualy
aaa Peace-offeriing, n. towe; this) words to express the idea

te at . : ~ | ~ .
| t \ I word is applied to an offer-| of understanil, percewe &c.
th att s . ‘ 7 | eh or

Ty ei ing which is brought prefato-Perch, v. teyo and pé; the first

cee ry to the settlement of a} means to light npon, the oth-

bide i _ palaver, litigation, or law- er to sleep. (sec light & le )

Be suit. : They say of a bird it lies
a ‘i i Peace-maker, n. ga; one who! down fo sleep.

L | a establishes peace. 'The same Perfidions, a. gne-kuhkuh; a
i ai word is sometimes used in! bad man.

i a the sense of advocate. (see Perhaps, ad. bed‘ne.

Pr a : advocate. ) (Perish, v ko, to die, or kanu

| it | . 4 s Se a . .

HB Pedigree, n. buh and buhno;! lida na, hunger tilled ham.

| 4 ail) fathers or fore-fathers. Perjure, vy. anu seh kch Tane

i EL r + ‘ ~ es ae = > | Sone Be a ve

| He TA Peel, v. friaid fre, frida, inf; pano;i.e.he has told a We

Hf | frimn. an the Bodio’s square. They

1 Pte AR =e : S E pee ne lc aati ees

Pd e Peeling, n. fra. oe | have not strictly speaning a-

Lae Ree) Peeo, v. nyonané kai yi, i.e.) ny word to correspond with

pi i 14) E FE ~ S . =f . AY ee Cet .

aa to thrust the eye through the perjure. When an cath ot

TTT . . t : i
| fl mut house. | great importance isto ve ta
Bal Pee, n.tuh pinhma; a wooden| ken, it is performed in an o-

EEE | a 5? oe Pot tl

een ae nail. pen square in front of the

e: a Pelt. v. po and pe, p. pedi inf.) Bodio’shouse, aad to utter a

ae i pomu. (see lay.) lie under such circumstan-

| ; i The 2 $ . .

1 SAE Ta Pea, n. (an enclosure) bru;| ces, is perjury of the deep-

Pb Way ‘ oe ‘ / : : ry : . ore ae |
| LA hth this word is applied to any) est dye. ‘Phe Bodio is some
ti ree ia small enclosures, as a gar-| times called Tape, especially
ij re hh | den, pen &e. | in the above connection.
Bie ee eh

| Este By)
aang ; :

: f fH 1a
Pete gh
Pik va
‘Baba igs is
‘ 4 itt } Hit |

3 a i ratte " ]
PI b. 8g Pl | i

Hi |

Permit, v. ba, p. badd, inf. ba-‘Picture, nm. kuhsinhbwi; this i
mu; this word cannot be dis name. is given to all sinds of 4 i)

tinguished from the com-= pictures, images Sc. Sibo is i |

pound auxiliary ba Ae must, the word for all reflected im- qi

except by the connection with) ages, (see image. ) ey

the context. ‘Piece, n. (of cloth.) kpodo; & t |
Perpetrate, v. nt,imp. nu, p.| sometimes tie a half, or part. qi |

nu, nuna, nina, inf. numu. (Piece, v. mana-yé, p. Manana- nay ti
Perpetually, ad. ti biyé; all yé, inf. yé-mamu or yé-ma- | |

times, or every time. | namu. The word governed Ai i

Persecute, v.oh ni mli biné) by this verb comes between / iH
kuhkwih; they have treated, its syllables. | i

me very badly; or more lit-Pig, n. botyu bwi, a young, or Tie

erally, they have done me little hog. ai |

devilish fashion. Pigeon, a. bunubwi, pl. hu- i

Person, v. gnebwi, pl. gnebo. | nubwi. The domesticated |
Personate, v. senané wuna; to) pigeon which differs some- a) i

meaure the mouth (see, im-) “what from the wild pigeon, i i L

_ itate.) | is designated by the name | {
Persuade, v. teli, fo tell, or bad? of kobo-hunubwi, ie. @ i i

to beg, are the only words! while man’s pigeon. ail |

they would be likely to use Pile, n. (see, heap.) Ai

for persuade. Pile, v. te,’p. teda, inf. temnu. } i

Perverse, a. kehkuh. Also kwe, p. kweda, inf i
Pestle, n. sunh, pl. suuhwi. kwemu. The first of these i ‘
Petulant, a. bi-yera-na. two is used in the sense of ni

Phial, n. sodah bwi; a little! Iade (see Jade;) the second Hi |

bottle. | is used in the sense of gath- oH
Philanthropic, a. hah gnebwi;! er up (see gather.) al |

and when they would be Pilfer,y. yidi, p. yididA, inf Oi i

more specific, they would say, yidimu. They aiso use the il)
_ a mowani gnebo, he loves men, phrase, akhé kwéh na, hz | i

Phlegm, n. kokréh:and kakréh;) bears it off in his hand, and ‘| |

the same name is given to a sometimes, a bé- kwéh na t | i
cough, because they believe) i.e. he hooked it with hand. i

that phlegm is the cause of; These two phrases are used al |

the disease. | as milder expressions of this " j|

Pick, v. khe and khau, kheda, odious vice, the latter of ai ||

inf, khemu. | which is an: exact counter- : | i

| Te

Vall 4

’ | i|

| a t
i I)

h mc a
ij 4 avy
aan PI 58 : PL
bei 3
| He part of the quaint phrase! affects me omhis account, or
aaa a he hooked this or that thing. | his grief affects me.
HY H wy Pillage, v. ha orah, to ran-'Place, n: tedéh, and blih; some
| E | ei sack or plunder the town, or, times, tedéh is contracted in-
Fe ee country, | to téh and téhbe, especially
1 ea Pilly, n-luh-kéh-po-dch ; some when a question is asked.
| [ Hi thing to put the head upon ;) The second word is more:
He a block of \vood » always commonly uséd in the senge
Ht | i mi - serves this purpose. | of country, home Xe.
| | f MW - Pin, wm. kbo-dieh; a needle with Place, v. po and pedé, p. poda
rea | a knot. | and podidé inf. pomu, and
aaa Piach, v. su-mu-pap§, p. suni- podému.. This word cannct
Ee Ma | popa, inf. papa-sumu; the, be distinguished from, po ¢a
E fi Bi literal meaning of this is, he) speak, except by the context.
| i | has siung ine with a pinch, or, ‘The same word is used in the:
Ty a by pinching. | sense of lay, put &c (see lay)
iL a Pine-apple, kobo: yo, or kobo- Planet, n. They have names:
i i you; a white man’s, ora for-, for a few of the planets, but
Ld ti eigs palm-tree. It is prob-' none for them as a class. :
| i tl able from the name which Plant, v. dowé, imp: da, peda;
| beni this fruit bears,that it is not, inf damu,
i itl i idigenous to the country, and:Plantain, kuh, pl. kwith.. The
\ ani has been so named fromoits! same name is given to a
| | a i bearing.some slight resem-' banana; sometimes the ba-
ae Sie blaice tothe palm, | nana is called,- ména-kuh:
(f By Pinnacle, a. ckdicih -kebwé;| (see banana.)
i ait this same is given to thePlaster, v. hli (see daub.)
HI i terminal peaks oftheir hou- Plat, v. lih, p. lahda, inf. lah-
t if Hl | ses, mu; this word - is spelled
Le me Pipe, n. tam’-ah yah, -usually| with a final h to distinguish
Lie mh contracted into tamaiyah;| it from the word 1a, to-kill:,
| : i H a tobacco pot. iPlay, v. ni sinu; to make:play..
ean Piss, v. li, p. lida, inf. imu: |Play, n, sinu,
LEA i Pistol, n. némih-puh. Playday, n. diemli-gninnaye-
LR Pit, n. bidi (see. hole.) du.
Hed i Pith, n. sesedo. Plead, v. 4 hli-a@ te, or a badi
K ie it Pity, n wari, and wari. a te: he spoke -his cause, or
| a ii Pity; v. wari mi mii koh na he begged for him.
i | HI mT wah, or a wari ni inl; pity Pleasant, a. nono and noyine, &
ia a :
a 7
F | be Hi |

a Pay
| fl |
PO 59 PO i
sometimes hih. The first) ‘pohoh, a poor man’ or’ poor ' /
and second words have great men. It is probable that poh i /
latiiude of meaning as, plea-| ‘is nothing but the English el
sunt, sweet, pretty, nice &c; word poor Greboized. It is i
‘Pledge, ‘n. tomi. extensively used and there is i)
Plenty, a. hwo, plind?, poplin-) no other word in the Jan- ai |
d-and peplindi; ail of these, guage. which will ‘answer to il) 1
words, except the “first, are the English'word poor. ai i
only so many ways of pro-Popular, a. Tlié¥e is no word ’ |
nouncing the same -word “in the language to corres- Hi 4!
(see many. ) : pond with this. The idea H |
Pliable, a. (see; flexible.) would be expressed by say- f | i
Plot, v. (see conspire;) ing, gnebo nowani n4, ‘or A 1
Plug, n. yésunédéh. gnebo biyé -yé, 4 ma hah | i
Plunder, v. (see pillage.) gnebwi, he is a good person. | [
Plunge, v. bidé nih mah; get Porcupine, n. puruwih or pru- ai)
into the water. | wih; the r in the ‘second " i if
Poet, n. work-yadea; the com- word has quite ’a rolling Hi {
poser, or one who ‘starts a| sound. | ‘i | |
song. ‘Pork, n. botyu-fai; hog’s flesh. Hl |
Pomt, v. so, p. sod’, inf. so- Possess, vy. ka, p. kada, inf. Bil
mu; this word is used only, kamu; this word ig applied i i)
when agnn is pointed;when to have, possess, beget, own Bl
the reference. as “to point- &c. (see, have. ) i
ing the hand, finger, stick Post-pone, v. po né gnah; to el
&c, they use the word sena- put it ahead, or put it off. !

_ -né, to measure. Pot, n. yah, and kobo-yah; Wi
Poison, n. wéh, and gine; the! the first is an earthen pot u- | |
; first also means witch, or, sed ‘in cooking; the second A i
‘that which has the power of, is an iron pot, and is called Ail |
exercising witch-eraft. The a foreigner’s or white man’s A
‘second means a substance, pot, because they fabricate Hi i
that is poisenous (see witch.) none of these themselves, & A |
‘Pole, n. tuh, pl. tih; this word. they use such as they pur- al |
_ means, tree, log, stick, lum |~ chase from vessels: 4
ber, mast of a vessel &e. Potato, n. pala. Hit |
Pond, n. nih-tie; half water, the Potent, a. a waidé ba nu né,or eh 1
same as lake. | a bé ne, he is able to do it, bi i
Poor, a. poh, poor: Poha,- pl.) “orheis strong. al 1
| i

: aii) |}

a ;

Pha 3 60 shew
ii i il PR is governed by an
tt ane ind.| which i a bediGnissuwi
= HH {EY | = bird kin | rd; thus, a tod: and
Hi i ia iblé, the SEs | word; d to God;
BER aH ltry,n.n : Onana, A e prvye i Gnuis-
| Hi i Pou ys v. mona, p.m ord) mah, he p itis. & bedi Gn
‘aaa Pounce, y. This w stimes Itis, ¢ : seems
| Ha ° Onimu. ‘This_ ‘or, sometimes which seems
Bt tH . mon: an or ss véh. yh pred
eH i | inf, ly means to ap 8 the! suwah ehakbsctie of, he pre J :
ia k hi i mero rds nd to complete ' | to haveth eh is equivalent ae
HE i i THOP Bt would couple A} by God which eh ves people
i f Heme e they : y kra EN ab Goc hg 1d
i sens 3 : h ut V1Z, { SECT UN y lersta
Iho = ord wit ’ like. swearutg not une
lf it AH nother WwW jhrase I | 1erally do it is ne-~
L i Hi h3 so that a | ed}| . ger istinction, but i 7 a
Eel to catch ; 8c uld be us | this distinctio me such dis-
aan llowing wo t “iv SNS t some st
oe me Sonn krada né, he ae cessary tha established ‘to
ey Bit | a mona a ht it, which stric inction _be : between an
i Bit uoht a, e-| tin ference d
i. i ed, he ca caecuran ie er | Spake wane r. The phrase,
Pee Ht ) : aprayer. is
i j i ih i} ly he language. . f. oath ee mah, to talks
) Ce nius ee p. duhda, =, hhi Gnissuwa ently used to
Sau 5 oe ee ‘iH- : u 3
ga Pound, v This: word is WE i- God, is = a of praying.
HH | See cd wees ister espa gnah; to go
Ha Hill ith a , com-}_ e} mu
Bh ten w the more ceed, \v.
anti ish it from et Pro nay
faa | . guish it fi to take, to get before. adia pl., tadioh,
| | fe Aan} word, du | : n. tadia P 73 oF
ie oe dé — one who show
a get i) ai te e “ er
#4 dat &e: gp pod. ’ a teac ’ we
He ABTS : . wns.
| er Pour, ¥. pode: is the a teaches any = Sands =
ti ta! } podému. bl which ISU Peecioas, * ha 2 There is no
ba word, proba os &e. '‘Predetermine, v. lage to cor-
| Hi if - sed for place, p to be angry. — jn the _ the dea
Me PI = anél Ww. . is; the ea
ve gn “yera; ‘une ith this; by some
| i Bai | Pout, x = biné or kbi respond. omeeee BY S ahe
He ait it . . 3 , : ao. the
|} BE | Practice, ion.) would be locution as t .
ae ey fashion, nu iréumlocuil aes
a Bui (see ni imp. Bu, P Thel such e éh nenadé & if.
if Gk Practice, V. “Ts numu. ‘fes following, ish Galle = =
a a nuna, nina, which signuie ro kudi ple ad before thas
1 Be same word : as im his mand, .
a mi fis. in nies: ; a good w ae aa |
a a to do, ~ nene;,; 2 | lume, - é na 10a 3 > _ I
| | i 14h Ht c n. hah § | Po déhné_ : a of E
| if Mi } Praise, ne: Prefer : ‘ant. instea a
} ‘ ae name. aS dsl phe ’ ne. I w 3 There is |
Lhd a aos pan | . > that one. d éxac--
4 1 TEAS ol Ne a good name. (see) prefei d to correspon
re : 21m : jum | ir
1 He att ive ona; to yu P Oo Wo , x {
| Ls 4 | Pics vy. mona; to J ¢| ily with eee kudi; or 2 \
p> HOBIE =
| hee eI - : ida, imf.; Boa lly.
ae | ae vedi, P: sti mah Pees eee ey
a “Elbe Pall = Bee ee ae
bit | PaeiaM ic Bee BFS the. n
Hi Hy always
| HAE a.
i Ee ia |
i fi Tatty |
Pr {He Ben t
Ee any
aay ani |
a bth Wat
Pete a as
PEt , 1 ee
PE be {it Hy


PR - 6 PR i 4 |
Prejudice, n. There is no cor-| “ most every object which is i i
responding word for this.) pleasant to any one of the al
The idea would be express- senses, and it may miean, | i
ed by saying, a gnana, he beautiful, sweet, pleasant, i Hi
hates him, or & ye na nowi-| melodious &e. |
ni, he does not like him. Price, n. déh mf ¢h piino; ay |
Premium, n. yibih; simply, a © what is its trade’, or what is if |
present. | its worth in trade, | i 4
Prepare, mléné, p. mlénéda, Pride, n. woro hwé; a big Al
mlénému. Sometimes. — the! heart; the word khah, which qi {
word wé-mah, to finish; com-| strictly means ambition, is ai 4
plete &c, is used in thel sometimes used in the sense ; i \
same sense, | of pride. ii)
Prescribe, v. tadi, to show; le- Priest, n. ‘There is no partic- — | i
Ti, to tell &c, would be used! ular class. of men who are : a |
for this word. appointed to officiate in sa- fi)
Present, a. Anedé, or & neo;| ered things. When an off- | i
he is here, or he lives, ering is made to the Devilin Hl i
Present, v. gni, to give. the name of the whole town, ' | |
Present, n. yibah, is the prop-| the Bodio of that town offici- - Hi
er Grebo word for present;} ates, but with the exception Ay
but it is alinost altogether; of this and one or two other i i i}
superseded by the foreiga things, there is nothing to i |
word dash, or dasi, asit is u-|- characterize the Bodio as a ai
sually pronounced. | priest. Doctors (dey abo) ai |
Preserve, vy. tu né éhneh di yi make greegrees for the peo- ni |
gninné, or, tu né éh neh di ple and consecrate them, &, al i
bwi hid; the first means they are supposed to be on aa |
keep it, so that it does notl terms of special intimacy i (|
hecome bad; the second, with the Devil, but there is a {|
keep it, that it does not ex- nothing else, which can prop- u i )
ceed or be worse than a dog! erly, characterize them as ni i
(see decay.) | priests,1n general, every man a
President, n. batipo, and bati-- is hisown priest, and there ai |
poa; the man who presides is no word of course to cor- |
‘n deliberative assemblies, | respond with it. a ||
(see Chairman, ) \Prince, n: There is no word ai i
Pretty, a. nono, ana noyino., to correspond with this. (see | i
_ his word is applied to al-) King) : ’ i


i | ‘

é if
Haat |)

i Me ||
; i i itt
a f A PR 62 PR
aaa Dei
Et aii rint, v. ni kinidi; to make a‘. and so.
Pee book; the same phrase would Progeny, n. iru, and iru-ah j-
ao i be applied to manuscript,) ru; children and children’s
Be as well as to printed matter. | children,
Ye nt They have heretofore been Prolific, a. a pe buih plandi; i
aaa iguorant of the modus operan=, produces much frut, when the
} Ey v di of printing, and of course reference is to the soil; when
HI i | they have no other mode of | refered to a woman, mané
| a i expressing it, than by that a- gnina;a woman who gives
re bove mentioned. : | birth to children, :
| A Prison, n. kai wudi; the gar- Prolong, v. 4 nu né éh hla ya,
| aa ret, this being the only or 4 nuné pedi; he made it
gaa ii place of confinement they| long.
bi i i ever use. iPromise, v. a leli mu; he told
ti H Privately, ad. seda. | me so and so,
i | a I Prize, n. kra déh; something’ Promontory, n. tebwé; an el-
aaa ii that has been taken or cap-| evation of land. ‘The same
Ee il I tured. | word is applied to promonto-
| f! Probably, v. beda — ne; the ry, cape, hill, mountain &c.
Li HH H same word is used for per- Prompt, a. kasii.
| if Hy | haps, may be so &c. iProof, m. bwisea; this word
. Hi Procede, _ mune, or mu ne; rather means an informant
a Na ai to go, and by way of empha- than proof.
i i Hi sis, go on; and so, pu né, do: Prop, n. branh, ES
- al it, or continue lo do it. rep, v. po né branh biyo; put
1 i Proclaim, y. When a procla-; a prop under it.
KI | ; _ mation is made to detain the Proper, a. hah; good.
: if Bl people, they do it by beating Property, n. koka deh; the
ft | | i i the drunr. Ifalaw isto be} things which I have.
| | Ce ay proclaimed, they say, mu te- Prophesy, y. a tute ple éh ti
| 7 a teh po, go and speak the neo; he spoke someth'ng be-
ae _law. | fore its time. c
| ae i Productive, a. pe buih plindi;\Prophet, n. Gnissuwah gna, |
aca. i it yields mich fruit. or Gnissuwah = gnebiya;
Li wl Profane, 2, winh wuna gnin-| God’s man, or the maa of
fe i me néa; aman who hasa bad; God. This phrase however
ea ait mouth, or a man from whose] is not necessarily restricted
ee mouth bad words proceed. | to prophet, but is equally ap- |
pi} Be al Profess, v. 3 lcli; be says so} plicable to a preacher, teach-
Pree nh
bie a
Pe aT
ea |

| a]
: tH
PR 63 PU i
er of religion §c. Just as it) any truth by witnesses; the “an
is frequently used in the! point would be managed ‘in | |
New Testament, | an indirect way, by saying, He
Propitiation, n. (see soe 9 some one saw him, or by ask- ! i
ering.) The word towé, is; the question, who saw hiin? 8 |
used only in cases where] When the word proveis used ie
wars are to be settled, or, in the sense, to try, examine i |
some great national differ | Sc, té, p. téna, inf. tému, is | |
ences wre to be adjusted. In | used. i 1 |
cases of private quorrels or Proverb, n. dideh. Hil 4
differences, the word bidi-ba Provide, v. péne-yé, p. péne- hE
is used, and its meaning is na-yé, inf. yé-pénem4; the : |
something like a bee-offering.| word governed by this verb ii i
Neithertowé nor badi-ba cor- is always to be found be: i i
respond exactly with propi- tween its syllables. i i
tiation. ‘The first of the two Prudent, a. There isno word in aio
however may be safely u-; the language which is an exact nih}
sed in translations for the counterpart of this; hah gne- i) i
_ Word propitiation. | bwi, a good person or gna, ka i i i
Proprietor, n. There is no ta, aman who has wisdom ai |
no noun to correspond with or sease, would be used to ai
this word; the idea would be! expressthe idea of prudence. i
expressed by saying, na ka-Publicly, ad. 4 nu né, gnebo iH |
née, he has it; or gna ka yiné; he did it where all nn
né, who owns it. | men could see it. ‘ i !
Prostitute, n. rauri gnina (see Publish, v. beh leli gnebo bi- Hi) |
adulteress. ) | yé; to tell it to every body. i
Protect, v. fe, imp. fo, p. fo-Puke, v. word, p. worada inf. a | i
di, feda, inf. fomu; to keep,| woramu; this word also ‘i ({
watch &e, means, throw up, throw out a ||
Protector, n. fo4, pl. fooh;} &c. as work honda to throw 4 i i
sometimes the yi tuo or yimé out the breath (see breathe.) Ail 7)
tuo, is used in the same sense;,Pull, vy. gidi, p. gidida, inf. gi- ai i
the word fod means also, a dimu. ail ||
watch, keeper &c. (Pulse, n. téhndh, pl. téhneh © ai
Proud, a. (see pride.) | (see artery.) nh |
Prove, v. There is no Grebo Pulverize, v. su, p. suda inf su- an |
word to correspond with this, imu; this word is used when a H i
when it means to establish, @ substance is reduced. to a | /
i I
. i {i
| i
. al 3)

———— QU
Pe U : idik podo;
i ia : “y, 1 ik DO
i t i Nh P ( century ; libo and id I de-
aaa a When| le, a. idi is used to
Pea * grinding. ting Purple, e word is ss
H hh i i i S amd Tr hy. 8: b bea v 2 the sam “fe &e, Y
i i i Me POMRde! iverize.| me bada blue, blach a kwe, P:
Sali . it is pul the wou aus kwé a the same
He | He shing Sc, sh.) Pursue, ¥ f. kwému: Sanh:
ii is used (See mash.) we keweds Ing koe aecompan
i wi is use hn, Juri; barrel, | vord is usece Ses
Hf ii Ni i} ncheon, for keg, | wee 13 ind
He Pu d is used fo i- follow &e. tuuhda,
| ia ae wor i-kedi- tunb, p.
if n &¢ a, & ni-Kkedi- sh, v.
a 1H puncheo i-kedida, & nish- Pus = ae A place. )
Ea | ish, v. ni inflict pu d_ .tunhr > Jay and | hwanu;,
| | ki Hi Puni Sh SSO compoun ‘p it. Vv. (see of és ka We /
Tee aA da-ma ‘This is a f it is'Py = imous, a.
Peg ject of it sillan — Je-
| } Wal sare & the aulyeds ee has fear. bwih (see, I
Hoe aH ay . © . 5 . oy S Wi
| | i ih I ver ’ = be foun 1 les: thus) ; efy, éh hia : be
ret a = always ent syllab : ashe] auren nd yestinh
td ih its compon ida he-is pu | cay.) restinh ae ren to
| i ait | ifs ; a-kedida, | ‘omy, ny ame is SLY -ha
Lf ain 4 ni-na dicks Sak Pyg s this na f men wv z
; i a ine him. kedida, f; ibwé; S race ol ve in the
bt HH} Hi ng t. n. ond or) fabulou live
Ee a ishment, he sec ly, a fe ted to Ii
acu Punis ~-mah: t idently| epo} ’ Africa,
ree kedida-mah; ords. evi ded’ are rahpaw of An
wee © 0:. WO) pone ntral pai
Ean Se uicanon| -
eh nes peepee ae Q =
int . u ror <4 Pe ® :
bee to it, b ing the wor of this, di, p. thd da, int
' ‘| P| mean 5 uence = : tidi, p- : ruct KE
; a oO . onseq | lify Vv. ~h. inst
ae aay és 1n. conse g Qualify, ; to teach, plénhda,.
it i | 8° ot known. rl; a young tadimu; lénh, p plé
| i i oe n. bwih bw; | uarrel, v. p quarrel.
Pall SH . » e : :
rh a Puppy, tona, Se ee = penh, word
ihe Bi dog. to, p.t cative. ) | : ‘rel, n. ee re 1s a? t
+} Me Hi se, Vv. laxa Quar1 Pher bu
be tin Purchase, (see la: le. be= ol, ‘ih this,
ji i ; tive, n. pas eop Quarter, nd wi E umlo-
Te wait Purga n, ame place correspo d by ciret e
i Le Purgatory, e isa eee souls to expresse ah duh-ah a
.e apt Tar ere eee os 3 ) ha
LR ne lieve = idie where rethey) it tion, thus, w art) half,
F ant d Midie before | cution, di »s (or P Tn
Hy il ‘ia called } en stop, sarse the 3 ONO WOE one half. fic
ea fdead m rebears n 1. e. uf of one specific
| te 0 to God, to done a ete hal they have “I parts
te ag = s TiS |
F peat ret 0 have ybab € cases - ifterent, }
| EN & 3 they taht ro i-- somec ra he di arter
aa) aT cist. = eee quart
| i Hae | deed It is hig ‘their reli names for as of q ishta
i Pah arth. . ot been! vhole, ths elg! |
Hea : his item have, beer ef a w der, fifths, e of
Hie A that eed, wee Portu- kegs of pow each one
ae. gious 7 from the visited Sie RC,
be i! borrowe ics, who ith, ten
i th = bor atholhie > sixteen }
1 i it i i guese C try in the si
ite aT : n
Lay the cou
bie y ve t
LEE ian
Reon Ae
re I 7 A a
Pil t iy
Pht tae
mee ih th:
[. it jhe
i HH ft Hite

RA 65 RA :
which has a name peculiar! themselves in running «@ race. - A
to itself, (Racket, n. hedah, a racket or i i
Queen, n. Women are never noise of any kind. The Hy i
raised to any political offi-, word is written with a final | |
ces, and the wife or wives of; h to distinguish it from the Wil i
the man who, in imitation’ verb heda, to cownt. Vi |
of foreigners, stiles himself Radiate, v. fai, p. faida, inf. fai- Hi j
King, is distinguished by no, mu; to shine. i |
other title than Kinh-ahgnin- Rag, n. diro plample; an old i 1
na,the King’s woman. «| piece of cloth. i
Quell, v.. heha-yéh, p. he Raiment, n. raure; this name ; i |
hada-yéh, inf. yéh hehamu,| is indiscriminately applied to ; | |
The word governed by this, every article of wearing ap- ane
verb, goes between the verb} _ parel. a i 1
and its adjunct véh. ‘Rain n. nuh, | |
Quick, v. woréworé, and some- Rain, v. nuh hlé or hla, p_ hla- Ht |
times contracted into, wre-\ da, inf. bliumu; the rain lays Hh Hl
wre; this word also. means on, or beats. |
soon, quickly &c. ‘Rainbow, n. pahiru. aii }
Quiet, a. plih, Rainwater, n. sanhtedu, and ii \
Quill, n, nyeni, pl, nyenid; hlili-nih; the second means 4 i
the same name is given to the waterthat beats down or Ww i
feather. rains down; the derivation ii
Quinsy, n, mlamla kré ne; the of the first is not known. f |
throat is sick. Raise, v. du-yih, p. duda-yih i i
Quit, v. nu kbe, make a stop; inf. yih dumu; the suffix i | i
and ba neo, let it be; some- yih, is simply the prepositi- ai |
times kba, to cease, stop &c, on for up, aud the expression ih
is used, | is raise up. The noun gov- A ||
erned by this word is to be | i
R | found between its svllables ai
| and is. precisely like the ait |
Race, o, kuduh; a race. To English phrase, reise i up. i
rin a race they say, oh The word means get up. all |
kba kwidida kuduh, the Rake, vy. kwé andkwe, p. kwe- a i
: _ meaning of whichis rather, da, inf. kwemu; this word _ | {|
ebscure, but something Jike, means in its strictest sense,. Af |
the following, they carried to gather up, ratirer than to ay
they rum a race, or they corred, rake up. i
: ia ai
ai «
id i
7 re
: | I

aF EH i
| ti | . 68 RA
Pe BR R :
aaa ar e
ha tablished for the first a
5 a 4 $e GR male, ta : ations they
a bla-biya a two na
Bk He i a, n. bliblé-biy | between t . they
Hee bh ah Ran ) . | oh tu-yedeh bey =
F Hi er h, p. duhda.inf.) say, sic flesh mark; the
| Ram, v. oo sid means to speak by £ which, is to be
| | 4 =e : S nv and to) meaning 1 i the modus op- .
= Fe HI eat. DoW: FOSS rstood by t ae 3
| Ef oe beat,. pee ounding that unders ratifying this treaty. |
ii 7 kind of pou > ‘andi of rati JAhs :
aa) Overy si d with a pestle erandi treaty of this kind
1 eH : srformed with ¢ as ' Whena reat) eer
aa is perfor shia fAalancto ished: aninScis
| = Hil [tis written with a fina rord is to be established, the flesh
ee a [SS ish it from the wo: fs st be made in the | =e
Ht i) A i distinguish I / » fon mus aos Fs belonging
Led Ht ret 2099 Se et ‘two individuals eS
| i ji i du, to Set uy a ol sunhwi ; ot 4 t parties with the
FoR tM % er, HW. sunn, pi. s tne two parties in vir-
ry, a ammet to Vil
a i Ht Ra sae a e pestle. ). 2 instrument, and in
| fe aN : a pestle (se ’ Es a noh:ite-| saneji = it is said. that
aa vancid, a. a pe sisi noh; _ | tue of which, it is ; s in
Sa il Ranci as smell. lood of the two is mi:
! f Bl: Duis a rotten : p pipleda, | ee they hecome one i
aia ii Ransack. y. pipie, Cee ied, and they ssetIo
| Li | : ae ipferan. Soinetimes the ef le; hence the phrase, -t
the a inf. p a hunt, is used ia S P : flesh mark.
1 word pani to hunt, | speak by a fle le of ratifying
oe } : < 4 = ae QC vay Ks
| Lt ili the same sense, Lissaward Another mode is for per-
He a eee Om? s | ies ¢ .
Le ail Ransom. n. tom; ae treaties of oes the two
dee tity aes o WRC he. - Le
! a also means aE aEe, f bimu;; sons belonging rater in-
Poe at a1 > bi », bida inf dt : ties to take up wat
see | Rap, v. bi, pa outh, from the same
Le i; to beat. nd f:h: the! to the aaa nirt it: out:
ri TH 5 pra Foe “ily : = sc
| | Hi Sees eae iio to be] vessel, an ee a treaty of
i i first of these, Se oe = hence to rat 7 % La
aaa = indefinite super-| hence sy say, oh wunz
1 UI yy kind tan inde fini Which =ahis kind, they say, ee
ba ait . neaning of wh ea ae lly, to mouth ou
Lhe ae lative, the m« to be deter-; nih, literally,
Un ai See SOR ee ea a re ,
+ Ak Pais m any ca 9 - rd it quali ter. S Se this is the
a ae ined by the wor Raven, n. mémi: a
£ i i, mine EZ : a he very) maven, = to the African
LO a fies; thus it a me much) name given
| i nr fast, very Tak | ae h; those not ac-
| ba &c. (see, much.) ka; he has/Raw, a. khaun Se 5 feces at-
4 titi | : Na ae ro Ka; z é d to oiy =
aii: , a ye wo 3 ae stome >
| : Wie fe 2 d a by implication, a tothe sounds of the
a Ho 2a lection. en : apt to
| | i he acts without reflection language, wold be ei
te ae iéh, pl. pleh. HH this word khaua (ter :
FS a al i Rat, n. pie go an are several! spel } =e bh n) whereas it 1S |
Hd lt Ratify, v. es vey the mean-) nating on t theregular na-
as i We phrases to con y When a nothing ut ¢ 1j hans au.
1 FY if wa i thi word. i ‘ d of the ap >.
Pe aah ing of this is to be es-! sal soun
sie nh : iance is : :
be -friendly allian
Et tia waits
Pee ae
as it a
bie ee
es. a
aoe a |
Pir ia
Lt ae :
PLES i } |
Lee ane -
Rie a
a: i vi a
I i he
bie (iB

RE 67 RE i
Razor, o. génh, pl g’nhyi. ‘Recall, vy. ob di na Vi; they Ai 1
head, v. hli; to speak. They called him back. 4
say, bli kinidi, speak the Recieve, v. blic-kwih; he took ' i

book or speak eff the book. it with the hand, er recieved il

Children are very ant to say it into the hand (see, Held ) | i |

- heda kinidi, count the book, The word, du io take, is also wa i

fee for read it. | used in the same sense. li 1
Ready, a. a wé-mih; he is rea- Recent, a, wih-tie; the strict Hi)
dy: it is the same word -used literal meaning cf which 1s, i |) |

for accomplished, finished &c.| times half, in contradistine- ay

Reap, v. khé, p. khédi, inf.) tion to wih-plindi i. e. mani : i |

khémn; to recy, pluck, andin, times, or a long time. Some~- HH:

some few instances, it means times the word tétinu,. 4 | i|

fo cut. They say, khé diro now, just now, is used in the Hal fi

cul cloth; and khé mlé cut sense ef recent. i

meal; but never khé tuh, cad Recline, v. tedé-kéh, p. tedé-- i y
a slick, or tree, | da-kéh, inf. kéh tedému; this a |

Rear, lt; behind. | is a compound verb, and the Hi i

fear. ¥. pe, imp. po, p. pedi, subject of it, comes between ' i a

and poda, inf. pomu. | its syllables. ii | 1

Reasou, un. 4 luh k&, be has Recollect, v.. There is no sin- Hi i

head; and sometimes, 4 gle word to correspond with: HT |

: woro ka, he has. mind. | this, but the idea is express-- i i; i
Reason, v. 4 hie 4 woro nah;, ed by a variety of phrases, i |)

he turns over and over his as, ch ne na woro kudi, a is * a |

mind; the word also means in my mind; ni _woro bli né ai |

think, reflect, meditate &e. | kwith, my mind holds it; €he 1 |)

Rebuke, v. pedé-yera, p. pd bidé mu kudi, a has entered aie
drdi-yerd, inf yerd-padé- into my belly; bh bidé na wo- ai] |

mn: this is acompound verb; ro kudi, i has entered to my” a i

pod®, fg speak, and yera an- mind; and in some few cases ay

eer, the meaning of whichis, it is, ¢h nedé na luh, i is m ai

he spoke to him angrily. The my head, The first inention- a

uoun governed by this werd — ed cf these, is the one most ni

is always to be found be- commonly used. ai |

tween its component parts— Red, a, huru. ai i

thus, a ped’ hyih yera, he Redeem, v. bra, p. bradaa inf. di i

| scolded the child, ov, he spoke brimu; this word means to a
! to ihe child in anger. | redeem by paying moncy. a i

ai |!

| 6
; : : j | (


aay i

; il |

se : i}

PS , Ma: 3 .
ar :
i | RE 68 RE
Pe |
ae [ ni Redeemer, n. brad pl. brioh! &e, |
' i Reduce, vy. ba nuné béh khi- Reject, po né wah; to throw |
HET nr im 5 we Must make it small. | it into the bush, or away.
Hi f Bl Reef, un. sii, pl. sie; rocks. Rejoice, v. pla ble bika (see,
FH Bal Reel, v. hié 4 nih, to go a- glad)
ib fen round; and yedé to reel or Relate, v. leli, p. lelida, inf.
| | A stagger, | lelimu; to tell, relate, re-
| | na Reflect, v. A hie a woro nah; ‘hearse. and narrate &e.
i L i | ! he turns his mind about. ‘Relative, n. bebuh; brother,
| aa Reform, v. & woro wodé yau; _ sister, cousin, uncle &ce, This
| t fy his heart is come fom above,| word embraces ali the shades
i 4 a or his heart is come down; of consanguinity (see, Bro-
i i Ay by which it is implied, his ther. )
Lt a heart 1s subdued, or his heart Release, vy. pae, p. paéda, inf.
| i a has given up its perversity.) paému.
Pa Sometimes the phrase, a wo- Relieve, vy. mA and mio, p.
I+ e ro hiéma, his heart ts chang-- mana or mada, inf. mamu;
Lt a i ed has the same sense. | to help (see, Help)
| | ai Refresh, y. They have no oth- Relinquish, v. se and seo, p.
| re er way of expressing this seda, inf. semu; to leave,
| i i thought, than by saylug, na Relish, Vv, nowani; to love, to
| Ld fs pla ble, my liver is settled, lke, relish &e. :
aa ~ or Lam happy. |Reluctant, a. & ye wé, he is
va Refuse, v. d ye wé; he is not) not willing. The same word.
i al _ willing, he refuses &e. | is used for, unwilling, refuse
a ih Regard, v. yi déh, p. yida-déh &e.
| a ink, d°h-yinn ; when this Remain, y. ne and nedé; the
He iy verb is qualified by the ad- verb of existence. to be, to
. if ie verh ye or no, no and not it stay, remain &c.
the a follows the noun which it Remainder, n. wahbe; the oth-
Le aa governs, and the constituent er side, or part.
cf a parts of the word are traus- Remember, v. (see, recollect. )
| . posed ; thus a ye nd déhyi, Remind, vy. pedé née na woro
ee te does not care for him. | kudi; to put it into his mind.
lite ah giet, v. wari ni mli; sorrow Reiss, v. 4 ye né nu, he has
I | ul ailccts ne. The same phrase not done it, or 4 yené déh-
K | Wh is used in the sense of grieve yi, he does not care for it. : |
L 4 i __ sorrow &e. Remote, a, hla-yé or hld-mi;
a A iu aegrel, L. Wari; sorrow, greef| itis far off.
as 2 || -
| a )
AE 3 |
hen Ei
Pie Pi : a.
He aa
a ti

3 ie
RE 69 RE i
Rend, v. kéna, p. kénina, inf|Repress v. heha-yéh, p. heha- iy |
| kénamu; to tear, | da-yéh, yéh-hehamu. Yéh Pee
Renew, v. nu né déhirayedé| is the inseparable preposition aay |)
mih; to make something! ofthis verband the noun gov- * i) i
new. : erned by it, goes between the i
Renounce, y.ténh-nih, p.ténh-| verb and its adjunct. The 4 } {|
da-nah, inf. nah-ténlimu; to] word means, to subdue, re- 4 | i
drop, to throw away, to let| press, quell Sc. (see, Quell.) i
go, to reprieve, to give up/Reprieve, v. ténh-nah (see ul 4
&c. Nah is an inseparable Renounce.) The word has a}
preposition, and always fol-/ great latitude of meaning as : |
lows the noun which is goy-| will be infered from the fact j ‘|
erned by the verb. that it covers words which ile
Renown, n. hah gnene; a good} are very nearly opposite to | } A
name, each other in meaning. j |
Rent, v. to wah; to buy ground.|Reproach, v. (see, Rebuke.) ait
Ifthe phrase, t6é bro, to buy|Reprove. (see, Rebuke.) f | ii
land, was _used,it would be/Reptile, n. digidé deh; things ai 4
implied, that there was. per-| that drag about, or things ait ‘i
manent purchase; but when) which drag themselves a- 4 i i
the first of the two phrases! bout. au
as used, it implies only a tem-| Request, vy. ira, to ask; or ba- au
porary lease. Both words|_ di, to beg. Te
wah and bro are used in the Require, v. ira, p. irada, inf. qi }
~sense of land and ground, s0) iramu; to ask. a ||
that the distinction which is Rescind, v. (see, reprieve.) 1 Wi
‘made, seems to be entirely\Rescue, y. hi nd kuné; to take Hi ||
arbitrary. | him-away or keep him from Hi |
Repair, v. (see, renew.) | another world. This phrase qi 2
Repast, n. dibidi; food. is limited to the signification F Hi
Repeal, v. hi teteh; to remove of rescuing from death. 'The ai 4!
or take away the law. | people believe that they ex- | HY
Repeat, v. A po né di; he said’ isted in some other world be- ‘ i 4
it again. | fore they were introduced to |
Repent, v. wiri ni mli; sorrow! this, hence to be born is to ai i
affects me. | come from the (other) world; a
Replenish, v. be yiedi né di;) and so to die; hence to res- we |
you must fill it up again. {| cue one, is to keep him from an |
Reprehend, y. (see, reouke.) | the (other) world. (see, Born,) Hii


: =a ;


. a



ai :
: fl tl | RE 70 RI !
ie Mi
H t Li Resemble, vy. wo-yé or woié-\Revenge, n,
| nh yé; when this word is used/Revengeful, a & woro tu na
ae ai either as an adjective or| yimu; his mind keeps a watch
| BA Pa verb, the noun which is quel for him, by which it is- im-
ee nn fied by it, in the one case, or| plied, that he has a determin-
He ea governed by it in the other, " ation to revenge himself up-
jaa hi to be found between its sylla-| on another.
| i A bles. Thus, a wo nayé, he Reverse, hié-mah, p. hiéna-
Lid Wal as like to him, or resembles him.| m4h, inf. mah-hiému; to turn
i PR ah Reserve, v. bli-kwih, simply,| around, to invert, to reverse |
Lid | | to hold it in hand. - | &e.
EF i Reside, v. ne and: neo, p. ne-'Revile, v. po-yera (see, Re-
| i ii na, nana, neda, inf. nemu;| buke. ) :
Eh a Ihis is simply the verb of Revive, v. wo-kuna (see, Born)
5 i cl existence. \Revoke, v. When refered to
It ae Residence, n. blih, tedéh, place| civil enactments, ha teteh, to
| Le Aa and sometimes ordh ftown;| remove or take away the
| fi the first is the word most! law.
PE Be commonly used. \Reward, n. péda; pay (see,
| | : fl Resign, v. ba or kba; to cease Pay.) =
| Lei any thing. Rib, n. bubwiyé, pl. bubwi.
| | i Resolute, a. 4 kunh luh; he Rice, n? blih. Rice in the
Phe a has got a grown or matured! chaff, is blah kwi; a bundle
gaa) head, and by implication, res-|_ of rice is, hah kwah; if it is
i a olute, firm, determined &c. | alarge bundle, it is, hah
if a Resolve, v. ne na woro; it is! blih, which is equal to akru
| Oe aH in my heart. | or half bushel, and is some-
Le i, Respect, v. nowani, p. nowa-|_ times called blah-kru.
LEST i i nina. inf. nowanimu; tolove, Rich, a, tedu. A rich man, the
| | i a admire, approve, respect &c phrase that is most common-
| i aa Rest, v. fé, imp. fo, p. foda, ly used, is gne tedu, a rich
HM tt féda, inf. fomu. man, a genteel liver &c.
ih i Restore, v. gni; to give. sometimes they say, a pane,
Le a Retain, v. 4 bli né kwih; he) he is rich.
LE a keeps it. ‘Riches, n. te plandi; many
eo Retreat, v. ba mu li; we must) things, inclusive of articles
LEE a go back. of household furniture, mer-
H i wi Return, v. a dili:hehascome| chandise, live stock etc. The
ttlcd a back. word te cerresponds very
Ae a
Hee |
PeeCR Gl 3 |
rit a : |
Pht i ie

le :| a
bes RI 71 RO | ! i |
nearly with the Latin res.JRing, n. bwide a large size iF |
Sometimes the phrase, wu-| ring,; bah isthe name appli- a
dih plandi, i.e. muchmerchan-| ed to rings of a small size, H

dise, is used in the sense of| as earring, finger-rings &c. i 4
riches; also popanhte, rich-|Ripe, a. huru & kunh ne; the | \

. 8s. first means, it is yellow Hit} 4)
Ride, v. ne soh kéh, or bi soh| or red; the second means, it Hi 1
keh; to sit upon the borse’s| is grown. ! {i

back, or get on the horse. (Rise, v. du-yah or du-yah, p. H |

Ridge, n. tebwé: mountain,| duda-yah, inf, yah-dumu, to i

hill, cape, promontory, ridge) get up. Yah up is the prepo- Wi |

xc. | sition which is always connec- — jj
Ridicule, v. kha, p. khida,inf.| ted with this verb, and the an |
khamu; to laugh. | noun governed by this word, fil
Right, a. hahte: good, prop-| comes between the preposi-: i i

er, just, right thing. | tion and the verb. The word i | t
Righteousness, n. hah biiné;| du-yah means also, to get up, ad |

good fashion, good oe lift up &e. i Hi i

and to any natural goodnessRival, n. huwé; competitor. ii a

of the heart. But so far asRive, v. ge né wuna, p. geda j if }

the word has any reference to né wuna; open its mouth, ai 4
conformity to the Divine law, River, n. nihba. | il i

there is no word in the lan-\Rivet, n. piinhba; a nail. i iit i

guage to correspond with it, Rivet, vy. kané ptnhba. ' | |

nor is it at ail probable that Road, n. tide; path. wi

they, heretofore, had any Roadside, tideidi, andtide wah; i i
conception of its meaning'— the first means along the road, au |
_____—when faxen in this sense.| and the other the road side. a
The same may be said in Roast, v. po né tah and tah po i i !
relation to every other Chris-| soru. We

tian grace. In writing the Rob, v. 4 ha na wudth; he has \
English word is retained, but taken my money. at i)
conformed to the orthog-Rock, n. sia, pl. sie; stone, i i |

raphy of the Grebo, and is rock &c. By some this word ait i
written, raityiinési. | is pronounced shia. ao ni |

Rill, n. nihba bwi; a little Rod, tuh, pl. tih; this name is | i :
stream. given to every piece of wood ai

Rim, n noah: the ear. from a twig to the largest i |

. Rand, n. fréh. tree in the forest. _ 4 | |
ae an




aii |

rf ' i . |
a , RU 2 SA ,
| | i i - Roll, v. krabé, p. krubéda, inf| or gninné né idu, to injure it.
ia E Ht krubému. 7 ‘Rum, n. kobo-nah: white man’s
eae) Roof, n kai kéh; the house’s, rum: nah isthe word applied
iE Aa back, | toall spiritous liquors, hence
Tee ae Room, n. buru; this word 1s kobo-nih is the name given
it a applied to any apartment or; to every kind of foreign spir-
EE enclosure whatever, as a‘ itous liquors.
Hl | } ai! yard, garden &c. Run. v. kwidi, p. kwidida, inf.
kD a Roost, v. éh pé tuh kéh: it lies kwidimu.
{ Lf ad in the top of & tree. ‘Runaway, n. kwidind; one who
hy ane Root, n. bo, pl. be; the leg of has run away.
aa atree, plant Sc. Rust. v. pa tih, p. pada tab
| aa Rope, n. pédi, pl. pédia. | Sc, to generate or occasion
| f i fl Rot, v. sodnh, p. sdnhna, inf salt; .(see, rust. | ;
i i, soénhmu: Rust, n. tah, salt; it receives
| ea Rotten, a. sdnh and. sésit. | this name from the fact that
fas Rough, a. nyaka. | the oxydation goes on more
| a found, a. bubube; the same rapidly in salt air, and also
| ria word is used in the sense of from the fact, that rust form-
hy ; . a ball or any thing round. | ed under such circumstances,
It ‘a Rouse, n. (from sleep) ha na) is always saltish to the taste.
| aa nyinu; pull kim out of sleep.|
il he Rub, v. pedé-nah and prurnah, S
Py p. pedéda-nah pruda-nah,
Lh BI inf, nah pedému, and nahSabbath, n. They have no
| 7 a prumu; ofthese twowords pe- knowledge of the division of
| i Ak dé is the one most common-| time ists weeks, and conse-
| HE i : ly used. The noun governed, quently have no knowledge
Hn awe by either of them, always ap- of the names of the different
| | at pears between the verb, and, days of the week.
Lee | its adjunct nah. When they Sack, v. (see, Pillage.)
| hs 4 a speak of rubbing the hands Sacred, a. kagné.
PE ae? together, the word. sisu is u- Sacrifice, n, Kuh-blli, or Kuh
e i. sed thus, sisu na kwéh, rub) wudi; the Devil’s cow, .or
LFS aan your hands. | the Devil’s goat. The Dey-
ihe Rudder, n badéh; the key, or) il is the only being to whoim
| fe | i j : koboténh badéh, the ship’s! they offer sacrifices.
asa key. ‘Sacrifice, y. Ja bili, or 1A wu- |
Hi it Ruin, ¥. wanhné, to break it,,| di; to kill the bullock or |
feb ay
L| a
PRC ie Hetty |
Lip en
| rea
) LESH ai
Ei fl ai
Pie a |


SA 73 Sk ti |

goat or whatever may be off-| John, the things of John, for ii |

ered. Sometimes they ay, the sake ct John, concer- 1 i

pinh Kuh dibadi, to cook the sing John &c, Val,

Devil’s food. ‘Saline, a’ tah ne; is saltish, |

Sad, a. warinina; grieforsad-Salt, n. tah, j i |

ness afiects him. Salt, v. poné tah; put salt to i i

Sadness, n. wari; this word it, tik i

has great latitude of mean-Salute, v hli na mili; to speak { Hf it

ing, as grief, sorrow, oe to hn. ‘Lhe word of salu- Hy

gtion, sadness &e. tatien, when addressed to Hal |

| Safe, a éh woré ne; it is clear.) one person is, nawinho; t- Ht (
Sagacious, a. 4 ka lub; he, more than one, &hwinho. i} 4

has head or sense. Same, v wo-yé and wodé-yé. i 4!

Sagacity, n. luh, head, sense;} also budu. ‘The syllables « il

and in some instances the] the first aro always separa’ |

word ia reason, sense, wis-+ ted and the noun which is Hi |

dom &e is used. qualified comes between Pen

Sage, n gni ka ta, one “who them. : ai i

has wisdom; or gna ka luh, Sample, n. tad? déh; the show Hil a

one who has sense or reason.| thing, or the thing to be ex- vi ii

Sail, n. kobotonh-diaro; aship’s) hibited. i

cloth. Sanctify, v. ba nu né bth kig- i i

x Sail, v. kobotonh nih ne, the) né; we must make it sacred. ] ih i
vessel is walking, or ne dariSanetuary, n. Gmissuwih kay i 4)

yah; it is got its cloth up: | the howse of Ged. Ve

Sail-yard, mn. daro-tuh theSand, n. pisu: the first sylable ai 4)

cloth’s tree or stick, in dis-| of this wordis strongly ac- i

tinction from tuh the mast. | cented. Hi i

Sake, ta and te; these woirds:Sandy, a. pisu hwo.baka; the i) i

which seem to be used indis- sand is very abundant=— Hah i
criminately one for the oth-Sane, a. a ka iuh; be has got i

er, mean for the sake of, on| his head, or his reason. 2 a
account of, concerning, aboufSap, n. tuh nih; the tree’s wa- i Hy) 4
&c:. In every case it is| ter. ‘lhe word also used im i

preceded by ah the sign of| the sense of juice, milk i. e. : i |

the possessive case Thus,| they call the juice of a line : i i

the phrase Youni-ah ta or) its water, and mils they cal j i
| or Youni-ih te, may mean} the water of the cow’s bag. Wi)
on account of John, aboutSapienece, n. ta (see, wisdom) < f | 1
ai |
ee: a 4
, i : i
7 WA

| i ij

i hii

| i

! rr |
i aah il
Ee e SA "4 SC |
| b He Sash, n. wodo, pl. wode; the) consequently no word for
ry } Lh meaning of this word is bet savage. In some few instan-
HEE th but they apply the same to a ces they designate savage
| E | He ‘sash, | communtiies by certain atro-
He a Satan, n. Kuh, pl kwih; they cious crimes which prevail a-
Lf i believe in a pluraiity of Dey) mong them, as gnono di gne-
| | E yi us or evil spirits, hence the: bo, ‘people who eat nen.”
| : He plural form. pave, vhadé né kuna; .lit’y
/ L J it Satisfy, v. heir idea of con| take it out or keep it out of
| , ne ientinent is expressed by tre world, aad by inmplica-
ree saviag ka pland:, Lhave a tion the other world, to which,
| } a plenty, or éh who, is enough it is supposed that menand
| Lf ei yeida be, I dynot want burtes go when they die. (see
L aa more. When reieredtothe) Born and Rescue )
| | i i ! gratification of the appetite,|Saviour, n Kuna-haa; one who
aes they say, nipuf am full, om saves from great dauger.
| | | : i éh wé-mih, Lamdone &c. Saw, n. grika; this name was
ea Saturdoy, n. (see Sabbath.) | given in imitation of the noise
| ea ii Sauce, n sih; this word also| made by the saw. Itis an.
a : A means soup. Sometimes they| antiquated word, and has
Ly at Re) say kénah, when the meat) been superseded by the use
| | if Ha has been prepared with) of the Hnglish word.
° | li — palin oil, \Saww, v. yid’. (see, see.)
ae Saucy, a. @ gninné kbiiné, joay, v. yé and yi, p. yéd& inf.
f A Saucy-wood, n. gidu (a tree} yému. Sometimes the word
dl a known on other parts of the} tu, po, bli which properly
| fain coast as the ‘‘ved wood”,| mean to speak is used in, tle
Hise | and used, along almost the sense, or inthe place of yé
I fi i. | whole of the sea coast re-,_ lo saz. a =
Ef i i Wa —gions of Western Africa, as aScab,nokonh.
Le test of witchcraft; the same/Scale, n.(of.a fish) konh pl.
| i | : = name is given vo the tree and) kwéoh; this word isthe same | |
| 1 the desoction prepared fromm) as the one next above.
a Me the bark of it; and is adininis-|Scamper, v. nona;to jump (see
as a tered to all persons suspec jump.)
aca ‘ted of wite?-craft. ‘Sear, n.pah.
asa | ‘Savage, n. They have no clas-Scarce, a ye hwo; or ye plan- |
LAG a sification for the various). di, not much; sometimes éh |
Li HA grades of human society, & khimi ne; itis few or a_lit- |
eee 3) ||
Le a |
LEC le |
aa : 3 |
Pe ann
Pek ae

ER ee Me eae — on eee ee
: 3 Se a en ee eee eee in 7 }
i i ;
$0 15 SE iy
tle | ‘yiba’ kwénh, he scr_tched lt ‘
Scare, v. pi ni’ hwinu; to! my face with his nails Vi 7
frighten him (see fear ) IScream, v. pla p. plana, inf, | i
Scatter, v. boba-nah and poplé-| pl. mu. 1 i
neh, iScufile, v. huhwa, p. huhwdi, | 1]
scent, v 4 wa anoh; he hears; mf. huhwamu; a mock or a j i |
his smell, | half-tight. 1 | i|
jhool, n. ‘They have never|Scum, n. feya, Bi i]
heard of schools until withinjSea, n. idu. t iii ||
afew years past, and they/\Sea-breaze, n. duduidu. 1a 4
adopt the English word, con. Sea-coast, n idu-winh; the sea ||
formed to the Grebo orthog-| coast, or sea. I
raphy, skult. ISea-sick, a idu nina; the sea i i]
Scold v. a po ni yers, he! works, or affects him. i] i
spoke to him angrilv (see,Sea-side,n. idu-winh. This | i
rebuke.) | word also means, sea-beach i |
Scorn, via gna na bika; he sea-coast &e. ae 3
hates or abhors him very Sea-water, n.tah-nih; salt wa- Pi 4
much, | -$ter: Hi ii
Scorpion, n. gikaiya, el. gikaiyeSeal, v. hii, p. blida, inf. hlimu; ih ji
Scour, v. sows; to grind. | to daub. i i
Scowl ,v. hedidé na yi, p. heda-\Seam, n. kokwéh; a joint. Hy
déda- inf. hedidému; theSearch, v. péna, imp. pa, p. Fi fi
mneaning of this word isl pana, inf. paimu; to seek, 4] !
doubtful; it may be, he counts,! bunt, search &c. iH |
and secondarily, he speaksSeat, n. kéhnedéh; semething i
with his eyess*or*it may: to -sit upon. Phere are’, a i
simply mean, he draws his) names for the various kinds: ai ||
browsover his eyes. | of chairs, benches, blocks | |
Scrap, nn plample; crumbs &ce, which they use for seats. H 4]
fragments &c. Second, a. kwaio; this word 1s: ii |
Scrape, v. kbana, p. kbtinada; probably derived from kwé _ | i}
: inf kbanimu. | to accompany, follow &e, and i 3]
Seratch. v. pli-kwénh plidd-| means the follower of one. ti i|
kwénh; to scratch with the’ This word, and tedé first, are i |
nails or claws. The noun the only ordinals in the- Jan- | i
governed by it comes be- guage. 7
tween the component. partsSecond, v. 4 wé na winh keh; 4!
of the verb: thus a plida nai the meaning of this phrase is. a
: au 4}
Hl |
: | | '
Hi |
i 4

h tt . ‘
a | A
PE eu sm 16 SE
| E He that he has strengthened or brebre. The same idea is _
REE i sustained my Word. | often expressed by circum-
l | Wa Secrecy, n. é | docution, thus, a neh didé
| L f Mia Secret. a > = | baka, he does come very offen.
Hee i Hil Secret, u. } There is but-one Select, v. ha déhné nowini;
Ft l | word by which the idea con-, take out the one you like.
| | k Hil veved by these three parts . There is no word which cor-
F k Hi of speech cau be conveyed responds with choose, select
He in the Grebo language 1. e. ete; when they say take «nt
i | h Hi hudi, to hide, conceal Se.) your portion or a portion,
i aa S$ metimes the expression of the phrase hadé hedah is u- |
tha the idea is aided by the use. sed. :
i aa ah of béda atone, apart &c. Self conceit, n. A wé timé te;
| t ‘ Ht | Seduce, v, t0, p. ton’ inf. t6- he loves dandyism, or he is
| i Ht anu; to buy, to bribe, to hire. a dandy. This phrase does
Pte Gee &c. They have no word to not precisely express the i-
1 | a i express the idea of of seduc-, dea of self-conceit, but there
te tion without the interven-, is no other in the language
| a tion of a bribe. | which more nearly approx-
a | fT See, v. yi, p. yida inf. yimu.| imatesto it. -
| aa The word ta-nah, p. tada-Selfish, a. gninnétena.
Ft / Ha nah, inf. nah-tamu, meansSell, v. pro and pru, p. proda
\} | i ui to look around or about, be-| -and pruda inf. promu and
FP a ing compounded of the verb) prumu.
i BA ti, fo look, to sec, and theSend, v. ténh and ténhda, p.
di Bae preposition nah about, a- ténhda and ténhdéda inf.
| if aa ‘reund &e. | ténhmu and ténhdému ‘ito
i ie Seed, an. ya | send. (see, tempt.)
ea Ae l “Seek, v. (see, search.) Sense, n. luh, head; and some-
| | it i “Secin, vo tenihwa, looks like; times, ta wisdom.
i aia Abe derivation of this word isSensible, a. a ka luh, he has
Ky Ve rather obscure, probably head or sense; and aka ta,
LE Ni from ta to look, and woyé he has got wisdom.
a ‘ ie hike. Itis is not very much Sensual, a, There is no one
aa ae used. _ | word in the language to ex-
Lee ee Seize, v. kra, p. krada, inf. press the idea of sensual. If
Lhe Hi kramu; to catch, seize §c. | a man is addicted to glutto-
Lhe ni i Seldom, ad. boréboré, and ny, it is said, a nowani ba
ik i i -semetimes contracted into. didibadi, he loves io eat;
faa |
acre eet an
ei |
ELA hs
hs ie dap
mae it

| ie |
| ad
SE 77 SH i |
and so in relation to the ex-| this verb always comes be- i |
cessive indulgence of all 0-| tween the verb and its ad- Va
ther sensual passions and ap- junct yeh, oi ii i
; petites. ee a. dedi or didi. ee i i
Separate, v. gra and grida, Sew, v. bra, p. brada, inf. bra> | i
(see, distribute.) | mu. ii
September, h, (see, January.)Shade,n. pépéiru. — , a
Sepulchré, no, wudida-kai; aShade, v. tuh peda pépriru j ! \
burial house. (see, Grave.) | uh né, the tree throws a il i
Serpent, n. sidi, pl. sida. | shade over its head. ii |
Servant, u. leyu, pl. leyidu orShadow,, a. sibo; the same ia
leyiru. | mame which is given to all re- ii:
Serve, v. nu na leyu; to act, A flected images. (see, image. ) i |
become my servant. Shake, v. puba, p. pubada, inf. Piet
Sef, v. po and podé, p. poda! pubamu. The phrase nu né |
and podadé, inf. pedému. | nah, i. e. do ti about, is also i |
Set, v (as the sun) wénh bi used, perhaps more fre quent- Piet
nih; the sun is gone into thel ly than the above. it 4
water. This phrase is con-Shallow, a. kwa kudi; near bot- i
nected with the geography| tom, or something whose fit |
of their country, as the sun| bottom or belly is near at } i) ii
sets over the sea, they say, hand, ay 4
ut goes into the water, Shallow-brained, a. aluh kwa a4
Seitle, v. ble, p. bleda, inf. ble-- kudi; his head has a shallow Fl |
mu. | bottom. This phrase is ie
Seven, a. hmu-le-suh, five and) much used and it coincides i 4)
two. perfectly with the word shal- va |
Seventeen, a. puh-na-hmule-) low brained in the Waglish ti
suh; ten and-seven, or ten,| language. Fl |
five and two. Sham, v. a pe aduiseh keh; he ah) ‘|
| Seventh, a hmu-le-suh; se- puts a he upon himself | |
ven, aad by general usage,) Sometimes, a nu yeyedao, he Fe
it becomes seventh. | acts the hypocrice, is also used. ti 7
Seventy, a. wore-tiink na puh; Shame, y. twé ni na, shame i 3
three twenties and ten. | avorks him, or affects him; a i
Sever, v. heha-ych, p. hcha- or a ka twé, he has got i I
di-yéh,.inf. yeh-hehamu: to) shame. I ij
separate. Lhe subject of Share, n. wih; side, part, por- 1
' tion &e, |
4 ii
; i
ua 4

mh os
as b 1 SH 78 SH
S| Hi :
i i, Share, Vv. gra and gradé, p. dé. The first is perhaps the’
ai) gradéda, int. gradému; sep-| most common pronunciation
th | F oll arate, to share, to divide, to ofthe word.
| EI nh distribute &e. Ship, n. kobotonh tih tinh; a
bE Shark, n. khanh. | white man’s canoe with three
| L i it Sharp, a. sowé ne; Is sharp. _| sticks or trees. The class
| I k he Sharpen, v. sowa né bébnu ne) of a vessel is always desig-
| 4 vee SOW’; griud it to make’ it? nated by the number of its
lI i bl snarp. SS : masts.
| i Shave, v. khidé, DP khidéda, Ship-board, ad. kobotonh wudi.
tf is inf. khidomu. Phis word isShip-carpenter, n. kobotonh-
Bal used in connection with sha-_ sland.
| | HI ving the head and beard. _Ship-master, n. kuba.
| Be Shaver, nm. khidé&; one who Ship-wreck, v. kobotonh wanh:
Li ia shaves. | me; the vessel is broken:
i a She, proa, 4 and'na, (see, he:) Shirt, n. raure; this name is
Edi | it Sheath, n. bah or kbah | given indiscriminately to ev-
71 | Sheathe, v. po né kbéhs put it ery article of Huropean ap-
| al into tie sheath. == | parek ,
aa ak Sheep, n. blablé; pk. blable. Shoal, n. sedu; a bank of sand,
| 4 Ah I Sheep-skin, n. blablé kih: the a mass of rocks or any thing,
| L skin of a sheep. :. | of the kind.
4 di ae Shell, n. konh, pl. kwenh. Shock, v. gedé-déh, p. gedéda-
1} UP Be The same nameis givento déh, inf. déh-gedému.
ae) ie the scales ofa fish, or what Shoe, n. wisubé, pl. wisuibé.
aa) ii is equivalent to this, they Shoot, v. po-puh, p. poda-puh,
Aa call the scales ofa fish, its) inf. puh-pomu.
Hy i shells, (see, scale.) Shore, n. bobo-yéhi
Hy nie Shepherd, n._ blablé-poa; a Snort, a. kwa and kwane ; this
Ley He i keeper of sheep. = word is used also in the
Le, Sheriff, n. banh; this officer is, sense of near, and frequently |
| Sa connected with an order a-| itis verbalized so as to mean, ie
BY a mong them, called the soldier-| to near, to approach &c. :
| H fe y, and is employed in their ser-Shoulder, n; wahu; pl. wawé.
Ly eae vices. ‘Shove, v. tanh, p, tunhna, inf, |
Lise Hi | Skin, n. kah; the same nameis' tunhmu. (see, push. ) = |
i ' i given toa maf, and also to Shew, v. tadi, p. tadida, inf.
ted ll ir the bark of a tree. | tadimu. This wordhasmuch ~ |
Hee ae Shine, v. woné, woré and. wo-| latitude of meaning, as, to |
Ley ee |
ee |
a 3
faa 7
he |

3 , | |
si 79 34 1
exhibit, to show, to learn, to| dry eye. The idea is, if a | |
guide &c. | man has a watery eye, he Vit i
‘Shower, n. nuh hwé hlé; a big} cannot see well, and hence | i
raiv has fallen. | if he has a dry eye, the op- ith 4
Shrewd,.a. brabro. posite consequence, 1. e. Lin 4!
Shriek, v. pla, p. plana, inf, good sight, must necessarily tit
planiu;the same as scream follow. q 1]
(see, scream.) Sightless, a. dah, pl. dahoh; a 1
Shrill, a: kekha. | blind person, ii i
Shrink, v. koka, p. kokada, inf Sign, n. hnona and yidoda; the ii
kokamu. latter is the word most com- |
Shrub, n. baké. | monly used, and has consid- | | |
Shun, v. pléde, p. plededa, inf} erable latitude of meaning, a
plédemu. | as, mark, sign, signal, and ‘| i
Shut, v. ka, p. kada, inf. kamu.) in some few instances, itis I
Shutter, n. meyu, a door and) applied to flesh marks, though Hi |
ye-déh-wuna meyu (window)! yedeh is the word niost com- ie 3;
Ye-déh-wund, nieans the monly used in this sense. | i i)
eye’s thing’s mouth, or the Silence. v. nemunu; this word He a
mouth of something through, is more generally used by i ji
which the eye looks. Meyu children than by -adutis. a i
is a door or shutier, and in Silence, v. nu kbe, to make a it 1
connection with the above, it stop; or kba heda or pokbe, i) i
is a window shutter. | to be silent or make silent. i |
Shy, a. & pihwanu;-he fears. Silent, a. 4 neh poh winh; ‘he i 41
Sick, a. kré. ne, p. kréda, inf. does not speak a word. H 1)
fee 4 i
krému. ‘Sill, n. tuh, pl. tih; a tree, log,. i i
Sickly, a. krakwaite. | or any thing of the kind. i '
Sickness, kekra and kwainh, Silly, a. 4 yeluh ka; he has ne | |
pl kwezh. | head; or kuhpebu, he is a i i
| Side, n wah; this word also: fool. Hy
| signifies, part, portion, share, Silver n. (see, gold.) | i
cause etc, s Similar, a. wodé-yé or wo-yé; ih ||
Sieve, n. téba, pl. tébiyé; a the syllables of this word are i} ‘|
basket. This is the only| generally separated, the first ii {|
instrument used for this pur- going before, and the latter |
: pose and hence its name. | following the noun which El
Sight, n. a yi hahka, orma yi, it qualifies. The same word Ho
na; he sees good, or he has) is used in the sense, of same i
iW i
; as
Pa 44

i ant F en
L ry
PE en
q SI 8) gt
Pe like, alike &e. (mu.
| h a Sin, nh. _gninné _buné, buné Singe, v. sie; to burn (see, |
EP Ma, gninnéidu, bané kuhkwih, &) burn.)
te déh kuhkuh; these differ-\Singer, n. blia and wor’ -bli4;
HE ne ent terms nearly all amount] the first means a singer, the
' He to the same thing, and may| second Is a singer of songs.
EY i he translated, bad, fashion,/Single, a. Aduh or éh duh: he
| | ii aA wicked practice, devilish hab-) one, or it one.
i it, what is bad Se; but it may Sink, v. hid‘de, p. hid’deda inf.
He i ni reasonably be infered that! hididemu; to sink. The |
| | y a ) neither of these phrases, pri-| phrase, pa nih swé, fo dive a
Lae 4 mavily, had any decided ref-| into the water, is sometimes
Lf ML erence to the violation of al used in the sense of sink, but
tt i i i divine command, as the peo-|_ not frequently or properly.
| i A ple have not been in the ha-Sinner, n. gna na nu biné kuh
Hl | at bit of refering their moral) kwih; one who does wick.
| ae actions to the cognizance of} edly.
| | iu God; but they naturally aoe: v. huni-yéh, p. hunina-
ea readily apply the same — yéh, inf. yeh-hunimu; to sip.
|| Ae to the transgression ofa di-Sister, n, noéro or nowaro and
| | i He vine law, whenever this mat-; bainoaro: a brother calls has
| | Mh has been held up to their} sister noiro, but a sister
Fy en minds. calls her sister bainozro; the
i | Hh Sin, v. ni biné kuhkwih, or ni) the reason of this distinction
Pa al bins gninnéidu ; he does or} is not well understood, The
ea perpetrates sin. : word bebuh /insman is more
| Na Since, ad. ti né; that time, or| frequently used than the
H a ie the time which fills up some} foregoing term.
| i Ap vacancy; wo ti né, from thet\Sit, v. neo and neyo, p. nena
Li ae time, is used in the sense of or nenfyo, inf. nemu. It is
cf He since. ‘There is no word in, difficult to distinguish — this
Pe the language which is af word in auy of its tenses ex-
| He a exact counterpart of the; cept the present, from the
Les ee word. since. verb of existence neo. In
LEE Be Sinew, ténah; the same name|_ the present tense the sound |
k if : ei is given to arteries and veins.| of y may be distinctly heard, |
Ley aie but the reasonof it is not} but in none other of the ten< |
Hel He obvious. ses. These two are more )
PT ae Sing, v. bli, p. blida, inf. bli-] liable to be confounded with
| Lee ple
eC ape
ld a |
| Le all |
Lhe a A
Hi lk th
ea |) |
ee |

y |
: 8K 7 Si | | |
eac1 other, than any other| word is used for edge, bor- - 1aa
words in the language. | der &c. Va 3
Six,a. hmu-le-duh; fiveand one. Skulk, v. hudi, p. hudidi, inf. , |
Six-score, a woré-hmu-le-duh | hudmu; te conceal, hide, lj 1|
six twenties. | oskulk de. He |
Sixteen, a. puh-na-hmu-le-duh;/Sky, n. yau; by some indivi- | \
ten five and one, or ten and duals this word is proneune - ws
Six. | ced yeu, asif it had two fi {i
Sixth. a, hmuleduh; six, and, syllables. It is also used in 1 i
by usage siath. | the sense of above, overhead, La |
Sixty, a. woré tinh; three -up ce i |
tweaties. Slack, a toblu and tibia. ii 4
Size, n. ‘There is no word in'Slack, v.toblu or tabla, p to- | i]
the language to correspond bluds, t:blida, inf. toblumu i] f
with this. Instead of asking, | Sometimes the phrase, po n3 - il
what is the size of any thing, | mab ni, is used in the same i
they would say, hani éh bee?) sense. | | |
how big 1s it? Slander, v. hl, p. hlida, inf. te i
Saill, n. sia; skill, art Sc. | hlimu; this phrase in its most ie
Skilful, a. 4 kA sid, he has art; restricted sense means sim- i |
or skill. In general the par-| ply, to speak, and when it is i i
ticular department in which followed by the preposition. ell
he is skilful is expressed.) mh, its import is, to speak to iit i
Thus to express the idea, him, about him, or with him; i} |
that a man is skilful in con but when it is anattended fl
s:ructing a house, they would by the preposition as conju- We |
say, 4 ka kai sia i.e. he has! gated above, it has the force a
house skill,(skill in building) of slander, It is difficult to 4
a house)—and soa ka téba,} account for this usage unless ij |
skill in making baskets. | it arises from the natural sus i! ‘|
| Skim, vy. bi feya; take off the, piciousness of the people, a
scum, | who can scarcely imagine Hi
: Skin, n. koh, pl. kweh; the their fellow men could or | i|
same word is applied tu the| would speak of them in any- ik i
| bark of a tree. | other, than in terms of slan- if ||
| Skin, v. ba kah; to tase off the, der. The word sewa, p. sewa i
| gkin | di,inf. sewamu, also signi- Hi
Skirt. n. noih, and miih; the) fies, to slander, but 3s not \ Ji
| nose andthe ear; the same much used, 1 |

TT _ ae
q me et
ia | . < ?
ia He 3 SL 82 SM
tT a Slanderer, n. ene hlia; a man; Sling, n. peh.
rep who slanders. |Sling, v. po peh; to shoot or
Hh f ne. Slap, v. hla nA kbah; to strike) discharge the sling. |
| Ff ie E him with the palm or inside Slip, v. kbrédé and kbrédé,
LP of the hand. | p. kbrédeda, inf. kbrédéma.
t i Slaughter, v.1a, or 1é, p. lcda, Slippery, a. yedaka.
a i _ inf liamu: to halk. |Sloop, n. kobotonh-tuh duh; a
i ; ‘i Slave, n. geil, pl. oeidu. | canoe or vessel with one
: Hii a Slaver, n. geidu-kobotonh; a, tree.
H | i he slave vessel; the English Slow, a. kbékbé.
i | i i term, Greboized into sleva, Sluggard, n. hwonka; one who
| k ak is more generally usedthan| is lazy.
aa the one above. - [Sly, a peé, ple,-and pe: some-
| i Slavye-trade, n. geidu-pino;| times they say, & nu né wo-
| i ia slave-trade. | reworé, he did-it quickly or
It Sa Slay,v li, or dé p.1ada,inf.1i-| adroitly. :
| H Be mu tokill, to slay, to murder. Small, a. bwi and khim’s; -the
| i Sleep, v. moa ne, p. ae latter is used in the sense of
aa inf moamu; to sleep. - This| small, little, scarce.
H i ir word is not distinguished in Smart, a. kasea. des
aia ‘pronunciation fromthe word,|Smear, v. pllu, p.. pliuda, inf.
! i i s mo&h, to bind; the latter is} pllumu. Also, hl, p. hlida
| \ hh a written with a final h to aid) «mf. hlimu. ‘The first is. u-
it i i - the eye to distinguish them) sed when oil or any other
bE Bee in reading. unctuous substance is appli- |
d oa Sleep, n. nyinu. ed; the second is used when
if iB] Sleepy, a. nyinu ni nA; sleep| clay, mud or any other sim-
| i works (affects) him. ilar substace is applied, and
oa Sleeve, n. raure sonh; the jack-| properly means to daub. (see
| i Hi - “et’s or coat’s arm. daub.) :

BL Slender, a. nyisé, and seda. |Smell, v. wa déh noh; to hear |
iy H ei Slice, n: kobia.’ | some smeli, or to hear some-
ih Bi ‘Slice, v. sé, p. séna, inf. simu.| thing that emits a smell. |
HE a Slide, v. kbrédé, p. kbrédéda.|Smell, n. noh; a_ pleasant |
LE i Pie inf kbrédimu; to slide. smell is, sese noh; a disa-
iE i 4 Shght, v. a nehtand yimu; he} greable one, is gninné noh.

Li i i does not attend to him, equi-|Smile, v. nonoa, p. nonoaina,

Hl Het valent to slighting him. | inf. nonoama.

He 4 i Slim, a. (see, slender ) ISmite, v. hla, p. hlada inf,

ik ae |

ein |

Loe |

Lege aa ,

ia |

Lee Ea


He A 4

Ae |

it |

Iie) i

a 7

SN 83 sO rE

ia as

hlimu; to strike. Snuff, v. pe poh, imp. po poh, ft |

Sinith, n. blogna, ablacksmith — p. poda poh, inf. pch pomu: F) i

or ab iron-smith; wora-wu- te take snuff. i |

dih, (lit’y a melter of money) Suufl-box, n. pohga, pl. pch- Hi

the name given to a copper gweé. ia 4

smith. . So, ad. kré, B |

Smithery, n. bli-kat; a black- Soak, v. po né nih; to put inte i | |

smith’s house. |. the water. Ei |

Smoke; n. nihsnu, and some- Soap, n. simlé. a 4

times pronounced nihsinu, Soar, v. fri, to fly. (see, fy.) — } | |

as if it had- three syllables. Sob, n. tete. a

Smoke, v. éh ni nihsnu, it Sob, v. pe tete, p. peda tete, | ‘|

makes or causes smoke. | inf, tete pomu; to utter a sob. i i B

Smooth, a. yedika; this word Soft, a. yaba and tyada; the - ii 3!

also signifies, level, smooth, latter of these terms, implies | i \

even. Sometimes the word a greater degree ofsoftness. | i 1)
wénékéhna is used in the ‘The first has the force of i I i

same sense, | smooth, even. ee i ij

Smocth, v. nu né béh wéné- Soften, v. nu né béh yaba, and He ‘

kéhua or nu né béh yedaka. | nu né béh tvada; to make it | i i!

Smut, siru, and byéné. | soft. ‘The second is .the | i

Snake, n. sidi, pl. sida. | phrase mere commonly used. a

Snap. v. gida, p. gidada, inf. Soldier, n. sedebe, & sede, pl. ce
eidimu, | sedebo. Vhis name is given - iif }

Snare, u. tidu. to au organized body of men | ‘|
Soatch, v. kra, p. krada, inf. who .call themselves the it 4
krimu; to catch, seize ete. ‘‘‘soldiery.”? The word is de- | i '

Sneak, v. ple ne, p. pleda, inf. rived from sedeyu, a gentle- Hh i

plemu. | manor arich man. The or- i |

Sneer, v. ma miih kéh; to der originally, was an asso- ; i ii

turn up or bend back the ciation of the more respecta~ ail
nose, | ble and wealthy men of the i! i

Sneeze, v. seya, p.-seyida, community, and hence the it 4

inf. seyimu. | origin of the name; of late : | ii i]
Snore, v. kbina or kbrai; he years however it has heem | i
scrapes or rakes. _ organized and has become ~ | |

Snot, n. senya. | one of the most: powerfuk . H ||

Snout, n. noh. ' branches of the body-politic, . el

Snuff, n. poh. . and embraces persons of alk Let
il i
= ; il i
| i
| We

Pa 4}

| ae Hs

> iH ati
i Hau Yt
Rae: :
Dr wis os es
Be 5 O ee SO
EL Wipe
eee aii:
} ae a : : . : - Tae
Pe Ee - ce ndiiton in society, | the indefinite sense of child.
HR ; tsa ' ry. . “
H | ie i Sole, a dub vr aduh; one or The plural of yu, isiru. Gne :
| yi Heit he one, | bé iru, sons, aid gnina iru
BMT, ~ ose ~ ay 2 esc ! S $
HE ie: Solicit, v. bidi, p. pbiddi, inf: daughters. Hyéh ire, and
FE badimu; to beg, ent¥eat,im-| sometimes hyihnubwi, child-
1 fh \
Lhe Hi plore, ESSRoiy
E L hie Solid, a krih ne; or yah-krih; Song, n wora.
be PORTE . if . ¥ ¥
li } ein hard, solid. Kundh, is some-Soon, ad. woréworé, some-
aa times used with the same! times contracted into wre-
Se iii ee : oe
ry i l | signification. | wre; this word means, quick |
| ; ai Soliloqnize, v hlihlin&. p. hli- fast, soon. |
| a: A Fi hiida-na. Soot, n, kaifu or kafu.
bo ia Some, a. di, Sooty. a. a ne kafi; it is sooty
; it i ih} x Ss = ; 4 2 ne + ,
| | Ae Somebody, n. gnebwé té. Sordid, a. gninnékwah: close,
; # A in) Somehow, ad, tébe. or mean handed.
bP Te aa . ~ 1, y
it i aie Somethin n. déh, déhdéth,'Sore, n (see, abscess. } |
aa and sometimes d ie Sometimes, ad. titiihti, and) this word has great latiude
Be HSM ~ sy eas : . .
+ et tedéaht2dé; the first means,| of meaning, as, grief. an-
ia i ee time’s time, and the second, guish, pity, compassion.
| i tlh il when’s when, and by common'Sorry, a. wari nina; sorrow
te en usage, both of them have the| affects (lit’y works) him.
[ ; Weng} wares. | a
aaa. force of sometimes. ‘ Sort, n. tu, and kburu.
|| i at Somewhere, ad. tedéh, place;|Soul, n. Shiyu; pl. shiwi; soul,
wat and tedéhih-téhdé, where’s| Spirit. This word is some-
Ra aii where, a phrase much like} times improperly contracted
He i HH : - I
ioe HP ab ‘the next one above. Into Shu.
4 Wages th es - : Ven -
a FBS “Son, n. enebé yu; a man child Sound, n. hah; good.
Fe Mart tal ao ©. ’ | ; , &
Hy He Hd There is no one word im theSound, n. winh, word: and
| Se HGP ARTA E z . | 1 a }
ital Janguage, either for daugh-| sometimes, heda a noize. |
a ial a aaeeeg = OS 2
d ied ter or son. The word yu isSound, v. bi, to beat; they say |
a Mi ee | : ee : : se
aa et the coimmon name for off-| bi bikri, beat the bell, bi |
{ EB : os | 2 2 |
aie ea spring or child; the sex must) nyamu, beat the bugle Xe. |
bbe Se Rt ‘ a * lo ZS
Les ee be determined by having the Soup, n. sah.
tf PMB 2 ~ = ~- lo
Hi prefix, gnebé, male, or gni-\Sour, a. le.
Fee Be gti . ha
PbS fe Rae na, female, to it. The word Source, n. luh, the head the |
ace a ait Se : . . . aiisae 2
Le He chyah, pl. hyéhiru is used with| origin, source. |
He at the same signification, but, South, n. idukéhdu, the back
© Fe a : ’ é . S
TS a in general, hyih is used in| or body of the sea. |
a |
ee ie Rte |
ree ie |
ae |
Le ea
Hee |
3) i et |
Fi ea _
ace aw ical
a Wa
Ht Ral
i oa

i i

SP 85 SP a

Pee is ia i

Sovreign, n. (see, king.) | promu; to sell or part with. 1a

Sow, v dowé, p. da, inf. da-Spew, v: wora, p. worada, inf. ee

, mu, to plant; they never sow! workmu; to vomit, to throw, / | t

gram, ey enh, Spill: 1

Space, n. fuo, Spill, v. wora (see, spew.) Thé ia 1
Spacious, a. boah; large, big,) word pidi ts also used in “| I |

great, spacious. : | the sense of spill. i |

Span, n. gie-pido; a finger’sSpin, vy. nyiné, p. nyinéna, inf. HW
fathom. | nyinéma; to spin, twist. ae 1)

| Span, v. seniné né gie-pado; Spine, n. kehdikra; the back- tl
measure it with the finger’s) bone | 4

fathom, Spirit, n. shivu, pl. shiwi; spir- \ | {|

| Spanish, a. Pagn’; this is com-, it, soul. ‘bhe name is ap- ie | ‘
pounded of pa, which is ev-| plied to all spiritual beings. . id
dently a corruption of Span ' God, evil spirits, and the | | /

ish, and gna, a manor per-| spirits of the dead, are all ‘ H

son, | called by this name, when ie 4)

Spark, n. nahyé. any reference to their spirit- il 44
Sparkle, vy. ch pe feya; to e- ual nature is made. i i}

mit bubbles jopit, n, hah. ve}

' Sparrow, n. pinhpa. Spit, v. po hlak. p. peda hlah, I i iq

\ Speak, v. hli, p. hlidA, inf. hli-) inf. hloh pom; eject spit. | i;
“anu; sometimes tu has theSpite, n. woro kubkuh; a bad i |

1 force of speak; and the’ heart; sometimes déh kana. j i l
phrase, po winh, speak or uf-Sptteiul, a. gninné-wore; a bad i i

- ter a word, is also much u-| or spiteful heart. ui |

sed, Splendid, a. hah te orte neyi- t i

Spear, n. dih; a spear, har- no; a good, or pretty thing. i

poon, ‘Splice, v. ma né yéh and la ne ly i

: Speckle, y. be nu né béh gik- yéh, p. mana né yeh, and la- i ll
li; to make it speckled. | dayéh, inff ych mamn, and I Hi
Speech, n. winh; this word al- yén lamu. i |
so means language, word, Split, v. ge, p. geda, inf. gemu, HH al

voice, Spoil, v. éh hi bwih; it ex- i |
Speechless, a. Aneh po winh;| ceeds dog. (see, decay.) The it i
| he does not speak. | phrase éh gninnéidu, it ts UF i
Spell, v. heda, p. hedana, inf, bad, 1s also much used. i |
} hedamu; to count the letters. Spoon, n. mina, pl. mini. dt |
Spend, v. pro, p. preda, inf:Spoonful, m. mina-yicdéh; a || i
| Fel
| i
| ae 4)

Wn 4

Ne t 86 ro=-
: Walt g S Ae to p
- a Ha “> koné;
Ph 3B Sprout, vi ‘po Kot rout.
aa See Hee Da ea Bike
Let duce o “a cock) taih. the
Pr Ws nfull. : Spur, n. (ofa orn on t
i i a Spao sinu: play. > lay. Spt ; ‘omment " nits HOU
: i HEU h. SIE ae ake } Sh asti am rPsema q
| be i i) Sport, aes sinu; to m or ni li 1 of a hors ople, ang
i A WHat wy . c | , i >
| r BE | - ert, Vv. nl La. THM C : r' hee the peo uk
etd Sp Na g s an. 0 | p to ro for it.
PE i i Spouse. n : ;, my man, | know no name hate
Lene at Spouse, a; simply, | they have ee ikea; to hate
if i Baia hat rReOLY A, & x | Lid oY x Jaa;

BF ava | GveoL ; ss ‘ Pio. wise gua t |
HE I i my woman, 1. menh; ho Spurn, v. g Kich4G
iF ai my nonh, pl. ‘d, he-Sp ria ; wuna; fo
thy a a Spout, th. 1 the word, se ereatiy hi nih of
iF | a : spout, imes the ab: is ¢ vy. ha rater out

bl uh Sometir ll of ab ar tSpurt, foree wate

Ei is the bi ‘ay, but! or f s
te a i? n 4 h, th same WwW ay 2 ost draw, th ae wude
thon ait ‘ in the s : ‘ Oo nouth. = Seba
if i Ha ed in the he terin m | the mou awudi. pl. sébé ‘he
i | t eis Us irst is the sébawu d numu 3

‘ eee the firs sed a Spy, n. : i sebawudi
oe ee a S only use ‘ Pun 3 oO s 7, m1 se } . Spy.
re ie te OcRMens' : nih wu at Spy, ve to act the a
tye co in lin. Sp gs toac ‘

1 | ae : Vesey 3f the mout eee Gog t she-idu,

t ate Spout, -ater out of honah is 5 A khekhe Says s
aa ‘aw wat ny Say, Squall, chekhe-i : dik
eh draw w s they say Sa eee a. «he a wu
Lt hey Sometimes tl out water. ’sSqually, a. 7, & poh a his

LE een 2S fo breaihe o 2 sea sq ete Ve. er away
A alist! th, to bre iné; thes Squander, hrows ¢@ d be
i Hein Rin, idu sine 2 og % he t I - woul

} ee | Spray, n. i dé, inf. wah; ‘The idea unless

ee) Bik 2] leat: brida, a ney. | vever, ne
ae drizzle . br jin mo nchete hov her ex
| } t a Ha ¢ Vv bra, P f is used 1 . comple L S furt i€ se

i aan Spread, v. This word is ling a ine was some ht, as, he is

Pee | “bramu. ion with spreac — ee of though his mind,

ee att = GO Witk nt > acl s :

aa connect! ‘ing, mat or Then — pressi has lost snd
bh | a th oe kind. W ae foolish, he of the kind. aa

f i AAG il C10 ) 7 ah nl arn ‘ead- ~ sthing . Oo WO

fn ; a sit to spre r some : e isn
rit Hii Li t bing of < ; de tO 8 ors "I he3 Z rer to
UE ee tang eis ma bstance, ‘e. n. nswe
| ne reference iscous tt oats ne oe language ae express
oe aa ae eee ea in the lk See :
i tHE ing - né kénah, & rae They es house by
eh Bs imple ne : nIS; Pa ser es a
Le Hee eu isused. mé; the t idea of a sq kai i. @.,
3 = enah, teu id ke he the Ree er
He a st x Ps TMC Sal ut of t ve ing, 2 sles. A
eee ‘ing, V. :ONLE O 0 say ‘ith angles d by,

‘Bee Spi ans, l0 ¢ nd, to sé WI (presse
PES Bes hrst means, the second, | hous igure Is @xp hing re-
Hy ed I a wd, and ng figure something
f Bo LTOUNEL 3 The lo 5 tonh, Crs ra eanoe
| f i a sprout. pil water. btainz -éh Pe a canoe, o

' Ted ‘ ing, Dn. oe vater 1S oO Ss sem I 5 $ 1s a

Hea Spring “here. w is gen- v Sara “this ;
es 6 OS ee Het 1 inferior
faa) aa | rally charact ne. Ahi; name g * the : of
ace ie ere ‘ircumstanc ih — ecies ’ ‘of uly kind

te k a } loeal € pimplé hii | sp ahi the 0
Hie wed | Sprinkle, v. : ' squash,
| Fe i i | 5p | ead water. :
eee. ie i Spre v=
i if ea | to - n. k6né.

i Hie | Sprout,
ae tha} ‘ena i 4
TAG te |
ED |
aa x {! ; i
a i Wa
Fret He
| rae

tt a

ES fe aa at Hat:
bp? i Taina itt
the a
the fe dail
He ia —~

plata Sa Sela aa
He |
i de) a]
1a a
ST 87 Sar ie |
squash known te them. \Stammer, vy. pe winh-méh (see ft |
Squat, v sokru, p. sokruda, inf.| stutter.) | a
sokramu. his word is u-,Stand, v. gninnio, p. gninnae | 4 li
sed only where an individu-| nao, inf. gninnanamu '. or HF |
al sits on his bams, or heels, gninnaomu. a 4
and corresponds exactly with Star, n. neyé, pl. neye or neya i | |
the English word squat. ‘Starboard, n. didah wah; the i 1 |
Squeeze, v. pri (by some, pli) . right hand side. Vit |
p. prida inf. primu; toStare, v. ta nah baka; to look | ae 4)
squeeze, compress; and se- at it hard. re
condarily, to take advan-Start, v. ha-ta, p. hida-ta, inf. 1)
tage, to extort &c. ta-hamu; this word is limit- | } 4
Squint, v. a yi wiké. ed in its application to origi- i &
Squirt. v’ ha nih wuna; todraw| nating dny matter; and ne- | i Hi fi
or throw water out of the) ver applies to any kind of bo- a i
mouth. There is no sin-| dily motion. i iH
gle term to correspond with Starve, v. kinu-ni-na, hunger ae a)
squirt. | affects him; or kanu la na, a
Stab, v. pru, p. prud’, inf. pru- hunger bas killed him. i i i
mu. The instrument with Statute, n. teteh; a law. qn 4
which the deed is performed Stay, v. ne and neo; to be, or ie 4]
is always’ specified, as, a remain. i
pruda ni fah, i.e. he stab-Steal, v. yidi, p. yidida, inf. tn
bed fim with a knife. | yidimu. : el
Stable, n. soh kai; a horse’s'Steam, v. slyu. a 4)
house, ‘Steam, v. hunum, p. hunuma- i i
Stack, n. duh; a stack, pile,| na, inf. hunumamu. ban 4
heap. ‘Steam-boat, n. nahsnu kobo-+ ie |
Stack, y. po éh duh; .to put in tonh; a smoke-vessel. i Ho
a heap. Steep, a. kéyé. at
Staif, a. koduh, formerly ka-Steep, v. po né nih mah, or po I i (
tui 1, e€, something which) nénih; put it into the water ii 4]
touches, and by ne instead of steep or soak, a |
touches the ground. Sometimes Steer, v. ba, p. badd inf. ba- ae ||
the word, tuh a stick is used.| mu; the sense of this word a 4]
Stagger, v. breke, p. brekeda,| when used in this connec- it i
iaf brekemu; to stagger, to) tion, is, to lock, or unlock the | |
waddle. | vessel i.e. to use the helm ie
Stalk, n. tuh and kbani. asakey. (see lock.) i i i
a a4
; He
= 5 ES

ST ee
— i nu kbes ext
i... ; . a? teR lends: i
8 5 ; aris F
Pees a1 Se made
A | ery pete
aaah din; silent. : s+
aa word in veeercn iuh. a inf. s¢
a 5 qa : Vv. “here is no aspond. ine. n. sit suda
ee Be nay say, 2 nahSting. Su, p. e-
Eke He Step, n. age to 7, a na sting, Vv. ah close
| i ais St ngzuag 7 Say, ‘S S tins. é-kwah
re th nia ; the la 2 They | > tO St e ianeé-k led,
ass ith tus. i; themu; a ene an-haade and |
Pet With lks. d wéyi; Stingy, a need oh,

i | wa | W w da: t ¢ d oY S e-n a
He Ms 616 krédeé anc lan Leet ande Ys gainwe ans,

} Pia a pes a. kre that the | ha vy. @h > first mee it
pt ane | Stovil 2. iae . Si a) r. € } y MUS
| ee Steril, d implies ‘il by age. e Stink, oh; the fi ae
Pi ae ECON a steri Le tre sesu-no e sec
ie HEH sec : come Ss ih: stic 4, | ses nell ; th ke

| I al has Dd fuh. pl. if ‘log. he bad vicil ge to ma :

Ee it | Stick, nt (OOeeE sips a; tl | ten smel ye pa pargal

re al | Sti ot av : nyin + ad te ¢ VV. ] ra a Dp e
| i) maast oO sru- and (omege Stipulate, r to maxe p eae

ie W niet $ W Dd To hess ik 0 Ae J. ¢
t i ae a ick. Yi eeb lways SEARS, amen \ trade, “nada, Ni
i Hil sue ise. a gee insty "a ; g!se- isému. d-
KE ty an first 1 use of as of ‘Stir, vee nah-gis arable a
tf i ahs ith the SIZe, thers at int, : senal : all
| i bal With lareer v : the OF d-l nah, 3 an ins b as im fi

| | A i of a oe = sins, nee | about f this vel e betwe
; ies op spea ( ® eae re : ¢
Et ae knife, he use re Nar mstru | junet o cases, Co djunct.
RSH i 1 y c - 4 a ei .
| ae | with ‘ other simil for exam | similar b and its Aleks S
Ri tat i ne : Bea asi rbd < U- vg
re a {i les anc They ear he a the oa C a : ee

} ai ats, - Sees ; but ok-lock, Oo 1s
1 8 i oe pruda ss a, he Stock 2 ely ave only : of

Le mits le, ¢ it - | door BY. De kin

uber k we, W die ’ { C hey

tia : \ | k me a mii dle, | si ; very

Date i stuck da e 4 vl, ore

Pe stu A pru ith a ne | Joe fo
| i | never, ‘1 i with 3 | one A ae The a |

2 1 a 1cK first r-LOCKS, le 2 sA(

i ie ae has sti rersa. ; the firs ' door-l Won, ntly use

va ev ane; ] h. n. requel

; HI a ; and Tee ka and ye commony Stomach, lly, is freq ;
| itt ata 1 1: of nm . > ’ 3
Ht He Sif, a ba rm most acres kudi be couaet ie, This |
t ; ig chi 2 2Or? mt roard) SUC 5S ¥ 2D
| i a = is the Ae afne° the wore for the s sia, pl. like to peb
1} lai ed, ar ly with is gener- ne, fA. lied a ks.
tie Si vee DERE nd is ge bo- Stone, is app d rocks kai-

Ef ey more The Pe dead and: word fones, a kai, or k

SH Na ““P f * and: 8, sto a~

a a sift pplied a heasts; ue Soe ouse, Ni. Sl se. ad

8 ally ay dia thes F Stone-h stone hous proune

He ri ies of me -icted é inf. $ S: 4 sto A stony g 34a
} el h dies irely resti kbeda, ul $185 ee this a d
Lek ke is entht he Wee rase, Tu, ony, 4. a] nedéh; is applie

aa 3 i kbe, hra ‘ston St kéh ad is

f ite dl 7 C ill Y;, he P ce as st ( ol, a “TM, a * .
Ha till, : ke Sto te ats.
i lin st u. ma uch . ric ¢t f° Seats d i=.

‘SP lie kbem khe, is m Oe Is of s and g

eS or pak ce, is | g all kinds h duh, foun

; ie kbe, ke silen used, Sill toa Z pela, is the te

i ae i or et uently sttle. Slr Stoop, V 3 the first
gem a i more mo to se ih ble peas di-yéh;
aca ape nie, 5, nin ' f
jk eS still. a. would Toe
hE | te. r is settle

+ Ge | rater 15
HA i = the wat
ace Wee a
are: a {Bvt '

Prey iia
4 i a \ |
PLES i i q ’
LESH re '
ae at at
Hee ea
FE Bik i
{ht fe iy Pt :
HE i a ;
ke He al ai

Sr 89 ST ] i
: ; An di
more frequently used. | used only in the sense of a, iT 4,
Stop, v. nu kbe, and sometimes stream of water. i a
po kbe; to make a stop. Strength, n. kbé or kbé ne} is [a4
| Sometimes the word kbe is strong or simply, strength. 4 ||
used by itself, and when thus The phrase 4 kunch ne, he Lin 1
| used, it is conjugated as is strong, is frequently u- i |
follows, kbe, imp. kba, p.| sed with the same signi- | i
kba, and kbed&, inf. kbamu., fication, «it i

Stop, v. (to close) ka né yéh; Stretch, v. bra, p. braids, inf. i |

( shut it up. | bramu; to streich, cover dl
| Stop, n. kbe. | spread out. | |
Storm, n. khekhe-idu, and wah Strife, a. peplénh., | ij

idu; the first means a squall Strike, v. hla. p. hlada, inf, 4

at or from sea; the second, hiimu; the word bi, p. bid 2, ‘| ;

is a storm from land. | inf. bimu, to beat, flog &e, is i

Stout, a. bouh ne; large,! used in the same connection. al [,

stout, athletic. String, n. luiu; this word is u- I |

Straddle, v.(see, astride.) | sed in the sense of a vine, tt
Straight. a. sedede, and some-| string or any thing of the il i

times contracted into sede. | kind, A string of beads would ih |
Straighten, v. nu né sedede,| be wudibo, i. e. a leg of 4

and seni-yéh; te make it beads. 4 i
straight or straighten it out. Strip, v ha, p. hadi, inf. hev- a
Strand, n. sedu. | mu. This word has great tt }
Strand, v. yae, p. yaeda, inf, latitude of meaning, as. to ed

yuemu. | take away, take out, take off, it i]

Stranger, n. dabwé pl. dabwi. draw out &e. ie a
| Sirangle, v. oh tyowé a mli-Strong, a. aka kbé, or a kbé ih |
mli oh lina; they squeezed ne, and sometimes, a kundh. i} i
his throat, they killed him, i. Stumble, v. dawora, p. dawo- : ih |

es e. they killed him by squeez-) radu, inf, daworamu, Fel
ing his. throat. Stutter, v. 4 pe-winh-méb; he a i]

Stratagem, nu. There is no utters his words with his ie |
corresponding noun for this| tongue, It is implied by this i |

word, but the idea is ex-| phrase, that there is some it i

pressed by using the verb, defect in the organs of a

sida, to conspire, to unite aa speech, and they have no o- ian 4]

any undertaking. ther way of expressing it, i ||

Stream, n. nihha; this word is’ but by saying, that there is a |

; Wt


: Ws

- iH 4}


| : |

: sesaiiiiin : iT


eee : ' |
i i, | SU 90 SU
a li an excessive use of the’ corresponds with the word
Ef he i tongue in the utterance of, sue in the English language.
if He. yords)
FE ee Subdue, vy. ni, imp. nu, p. nu is used in the sense, of al-
|| i iia aad nuna, inf. numa; to do, low, permit. |
i | i to accomplish, to compel, toSufficient, a. éh hwo, it is e- |
as subdue, succeed. | nough. |
I } me ’ Submit, vy. ate né moh; he Suifocate, v. (see, strangle.) |
| f i _ gave it up, or he yielded. Sugar, nm. kobo-doh: white
ft | t at Subside, v. ble, p. bleds inf., man’s honey. The sa:ne
| i Ais ble:na; to settle, subside. | name is given to molasses,
Hy Bae Subsist, v. ne, when the word preserves aud every article
Hid Ha isto be understood in the of the kind.
: | i ie sense of exist, helives Gc, Summer, n. The Grebo peo-
i i t when it means, {9 feedupon,' ple divide their year into
tie | the word di, to eatis used. | t.vo parts. Geiro includes
| i a Substance, nm. déh; what,’ the whole of the rainy. sea- |
il something, su stance etc. | son,commencing the latter |
| rT Succeed, v ni (see, subdue ) | part of April, and termina- |
| | Succer, v. mag, p. madao inf.) ting about the first or mid-
i } msaomu; to help, to aid, toi dle of October, Yedeba or
iE | succor. | yedebanh, is applicd to the
| ae | Suck, v. ava, p. myada, inf, dry season; which includes
i i) nyamn; this wordin the pro-| the remaining part of the.
i ee nuncia') differs very slight- year.
1 i | t ly from goa to hate. Summit, n. Tah, the top, head
: | lee HT Sudden, a. ? | or summit.
Hime oF ~Suddealy, ad. § woréwors, of-Summon, v. di, p. dada, inf.
| ne b tey contracted into wrewre,, damu; to call.
A an I or rere. Sun, n. wénh; this word dif-
| ‘ ay ie Suds, n. feya; foam, froth or, fers fromthe word, wéh, a
i | suds. | wiich, by the nasal sound of
ih We i Su.o, v. a ni blidi koh na m4ih;) the vowel in the former.
iE ie if “he made a palaver for him. Sunday, n. The people. know
i fuer } ‘To prosecute according to, nothing of the division of
ik i | the forms of law ina civil-| time into weeks, and of
IE Hf ized country, is no part of; course,have no names for
a Ht their political system, and | the different days of the
Pr ie H .they have no term which week, In writing the En-*
rete |
ae . ;
i =
il 2 ;
ee |
PRL ae Binal
ae |

) P| }
SU 91 SW > i ||
i /
lish word has been retained the idea of suppress. | |
and is spelt, stinde. Supreme, v.-‘t here i. no word |
Sun-set | inthe language which coin- | i!
Sun-dawa § wénh bi nih; the cides exactly with this. ‘Lhe | | i
sun is gone into the water.! word buh father, they would i i
‘The Giebo country is bound- give to the head-inman ot a a 4}
ed onthe West by the ocean, town. i |
hence when the the sun dis Sure, a. hih te, true word. Ni
appears, in their estimation, Surf, n. idu-deh; the sea’s 4
it sinks into the water. l aaveve. if
Sianshine, n, wénh-fai ne. Suriace, n. kéh, the back, ‘Re
Superb, a hch te, a fine thing’ | surface. 4 {|
or €h novino, it is beautiful Surround, v. gridé, p. gradé- ie
to behold, | ds and gr.dédodé, inf. gra- | i |
Superior, a. éh hi te be; it ex- dému, to’surround, come a- i
cectls or surpasses some- round, ‘ | ! 1 4
thing else. Swallow, v.mla, p. mlana, inf. , | Ih i
. Supersede, ? |; the meaning of this, r| i
Supplant, §@duna tedth, he, isto throat tt. li 1
bas taken my place. Lither Swarm, n. doh-kuh. Te 4
of these words would be u-\Swear, yv. bedi Gnissuwih i i]
sed in this sense. | yéh; to pray by God. (see at
Support, v. 4 gnidé na dibzdi:| - pray.) Th 4}
he gave him food. (Sweat, n. puba. i f
Suppose, v. na woro yé; my Sweat. v. puba wé mu, p. pu it i
pid says. When the word ba wéda mu, inf. puba it i
has a conditional meaning,, womu; sweat comes out of 4)
the auxiliary ba, bé, boh &c,) ime di |
has this force. Sweep, v seni-nih, p. senani- : P| ‘
Suppress, v. heha-yéh, p. he- nah, inf. ndh- senamu. Al-- Fe
hada-yéh inf yéb-hehimu;) so, yi-nah p. yida inf. nah-yi- ih {
to take or pull apart. This) mu. Both ofthese words are Hy |
is the process by which riots) much used and their signifi- ‘a i ij
and tumults are overcome; cation is pretty much the a
and hence to suppress an af- same. Fi |
fair of the kind, they sepa- Sweet, a. noh-wuna, sweet to At i
vate the parties. The word, the mouth. ‘The noh indef- 1 |
| . hito excell exceed &c. is; initley means sweet, plea— ii \
Apcapently used to convey! cont, fragrant, melodious, I |
: Wai
| i
(ae 11
Wr i
TE 4
eit ee

: — vere , '
P | i i i :
; i Rat | ’ ri
| Be Ra Q fe
: t " Hs \ Pp A OY I =
Baa ui y
! i
: | i: ent letinttie’ they have no word do answer
Pr i ae aud receives a). dei t- toit. ‘Lhe Kimolish word ta-
ree | hy being connect- toit. ‘Lhe Eng a
ne i ineantlng by being Peat ble, Greboized into dedble, has
Hi t i a | ed with the naine sus 8 Ro craisedt flnke
F cae ti particular organ of rense Te nok po winh} he
Te Ht oa a aca AUS | Sa oe et Ly
{| \ nia whieh it is addressed. ee a. not sveak a word.
| b te a i j . : = < netoine 4 , Ne ay ra ° ey.
ET Ae polars Le ok Ko 'Pail n. banh; this word is fre-
| ee By 9 it iN ¢ mda’ . = ~ stalls
tk ie pleasant lo the mouth. on ear used, — especialls
ie aii S c ‘ Wan ah ) J * +
Hae ci yino, someting pleasant = ee ebanecied. wall -the
i tf ie exe or prettv, handsome; noh- Tord Gra hcan Woe. town, In
aa eee 1 generally contrac-| Wol € ye li
Hr Eee Hoar a gener a the sense of a leader. lao
i | f ted into nohao, pleasant to their war excursions, the
f “al eas Noh-winh pleasant ee always brings up. the
Lf Wa to the ear cr — h- rear, being the post of most
| t ee Sweeten, v.. au né béh danger, and hence he re-
ft n ak i swee oO e ;
; fe wuna; make it sweet | eeives the appellation of
7. a the mouth. « inf} ora@h-banh or wora-banh, i.
Lo é 2 : | < . eae ng
| , ii oo alin Ge noe e. the town’s tal, instead of
FG | : y
Pie punhmu, | ad of the town.
i Mien | pu * ; . - the head o
Pa : r wift, a. fh; this word is gen : uda inf. du-
bol hie i Wik, ’ : iolent Take, v. du. p.
td he erally uttered with a vio a mu. Sometimes the. prepo-
| i Hel expulsion of the air from the sition yéh up, is connected
th RH ipa ax ; nike
| eH He | mouth. i lu. with this verb, so as to reeks
CP TE . sometimes EY i
i i led Sa: ¥ a Wey oan | the seuse take a up. l he
| EV Brey any .duda inf. lumu, | Z ae ot unire-
ma yinh) Pe : : tes / word kba camry, BO ee
a Swine, n. botyu, pl. abada| quently signifies /o take, and
euaad as - i“ pubDada.! 5 2 ¢
q " | Swing, v. pubié, p. pubdc __ is used instead of du.
Seis if inf, pubdmu. ae eh: this wordis res-
: Ie H : ae obopli also. suna Fale, n, leh; this:s Ras aes
aa ie | Swords fe Bobepl Jae ae tricted in its use almost en
Eee Remind ‘ RES | RILp aS 7 tories
i | no y (see Cutlass. ) 2 ing- _tirely to fabulous stories. —
| f a ‘Sycophant,n. bli-gna, a Talk eat pl. hlida, inf. hli-
it } = : : Ce ye ae : "9 : =
| cf Hea er, a professional sve ‘phaut. a to talk, to speak &c.
Nee | The phrase, gnepunha, pg ee a 8 nk waehicch
i Beg ee a es ¢ ; ‘ : -
i i i who sweils or puffs another, Tala es is a speaker of
if i | | zs Re Se - words, or one who pours out
tee i : a US :
LH { Hii) Ht yy | 7 wen (ik rain.
Hy Wat a words (like ) bak: the
tee | fall, a. hia, and bla en
B pA oe RB f 5 a. Souey Sins
ee ih rd hla, means high, long,
Bee Anh it Pe 5 word Nia, ae © ie
' He) Fable,n The Grebo people far, tall Se
cee | Z Se yf irse, fi i
Pee i a He | use no tables and of cot ,
ih ie
Pee ee |
be H
ee |
Kee ea
LES A eal
eh ie
bt lanai i
a4) | :
Ve ee

a )
: yi
i i
| TE a3 TH | FF
Vane, v. There ig ne Word inl word differs very slightly | i
the Janguage to correspond from the word gheh ege, i i
with this, but the idea ig ex-'Tell, y. Jeli, p. lelida, inf. leli- i
“pressed, fur example, by say-; mu; this avord iuvolyes ‘to i |
ing, blabl-ah yu ni gnebwi; some extent, the idea of iH i
kbiné, i. e. the lamb acts like’ authority; the word tu, to if \
@ child, or a hunen being, | speak, tell §c, is frequently i |
Tan, vy; the art of tanning is’ used with the same sig nifica- 4
unknown to the people, and tion, |
of course, they have no word Tempest, (see, storm.) pao: Hl
to express the process by/Temple, n. Gnissuwih kai; i
which it is done. | (od’s house. el
Tar, n. kobo-seiro or kobo-se-’Tempt, té, p. ted Inftému, this hl
du; white man’s gum, | word does not differ froin the iti
“Farry, ‘v. ne, and neo; to be, - word, té to touch, taste &c,-ei- |
or exist in any place. ther in pronunciation or wri- i }
Paste, té né wana, p. téna né ting, though its Sivtiification i) 4
wuna, inf. né wrnd:tému;, is very dissimilar. The ih ii
to feel (or touch) it with the, word ténh to send ‘differs from i 4
mouth; the sense oftouch is: both in having anasal sound, i
used in connection with the, and is characterized by the ii i
organ of taste. ‘final nh. i 4}
Teach, v. tadi, p. tadida, ‘inf.’Fempter, -n. téa: one ‘who i |
tadimu; to teach, to show,| tempts. if {|
to exhibit, to guide &e, (Ten, a. puh, i |
“Peacher, n. tadia, pl. ‘tadioh, Fender, a. plé. i i
one who teaches. Tenth, a. puh. 4 i]
“Tear, vy. kéna, p. kénind, inf. Terrapin, n-kor& or kod’. i |
kénaimu. The accent is on: Territory. n. bro; land. t 4]
the first syllable, and in this Testicle, n.. monotai, pl. mono- | aH
way, it is distinguished ‘in' te. ie
‘pronunciation from kénih Thank, -v. bisi, p. bisida, «inf. i 4|
oil. | bisimu. Hl |
“Tear, n. kéna ne, is fear; and That, pron. nana, is used when i i
sometimes itis changed into’ reference to
kida, | made; and nénu when the i 1]
“Yeat, n. gnidih miaih; the nose, reference is-to athing The li |
. or end of the breast. | distinetion between this and, i 1
Teeth n.nyéh or gnéh; the! that in the English does not i |
it aj
; : H |
r x
7 | :
5 ‘Bj

a { AE >= IF SITAR SSeS Se een _ men = Pe Sa f
‘ ; Ae joe ood a — = cca a aeiaalalile ens i a ei '
tie} .
aaa) we ; =
Pee vie |
| EF i | exist im Grebo. Instead of: of sentences.
Hh | ee | saying give me that knife, "There, ad, dénh; this word is
| bk han they say, gnimufahnedénh,) usually spelt with final” af, |
| Hie | 1.e@, give me the knife that the siga of the nasal 8 suid, |
| He : ee bere: = —— | Eo distinguish it from = an-
| bie | Phatch, ue nyénh, dism’ and. tithetic word di here; though |
la ; Vee i sine. The fiest two are spe-, in this, as ina many other
| Ey Va i cies of the bam oo; the se-! similar cases, the difference
| i wie cond is a broad leaf found is more an wrlondhon of the |
tif Hh chiefly in the back countiy,! voice, than a pure na val i
| f ie butis not so durable as the, sound, - ;
Ef Hh bamboo. |Phereadouts, ad. kre-dénh.:
PH Mea Paatch, v. lah nyéna, lah di-‘These, & 2
i i es ik éma, or lah siné, i.e. weave Those, §$ nono and neag”
i ae || in, twist or platin:the thatch The same distinction holds |
| Fa (see plat.) | betweea these two words, as -
| a) = The, arte mi, nini or nant 1) the case of this and that |
7) a There is no article, definite, (see, that.) |
| : a n or indefinite, inthe langnage. They; pron, oh and no; the lat-- |
L Wied ‘Fhe place of the definite ar- — ter ts frequently used in the
| | cE ticle is supplied by one ofthe nominative case, but the for- |
| a three pronouns adoye mea- ner never in the objective. |
ee tioned; thus, gnebwi ni, Thick, a kunih ne; is thick,
i ee || that person, for the person.) when reference ts made toa
f iu (| Kai nénu, thal or this house, - turoid liquid; bokudu is used:
( Wes. __ for the house. | when the reference isto any
HT fee Their, proa; oh, they andtheir.; substance’ or body which»
hey | " ‘The adjective pronoun does has thickness; nyine is used« |
| A Whe not differ ia form, from the, in connection with a dense
HY | ie personal pronoun. forest or jingle; bokuda 1s”
4 ee Vi Them, pron. no. sometimes, but not very fre-
Ete i Then, ad t3; this wordis also, quently, used with the same
ee ah H used in the sense of; arid,’ signification as nyine.
LH 4 We HT when, then; and mi many ea- Thick, v, beh nu kunih ne; to-
iE i He Ve ses it seems to be a mere, make thiols. | a
i J Ne li rest or pivot upon woich the Thief, n. yidia, pl. yidioh.-
He i i] a yoice turns: [tis much u-,Thigh, n: posh, pl. poth:
|) ee sed, apparently, as a mere Thin, v. poeta and flokas the
it ee || expletive, at the beginning first is used ia connection
Lech Pee .
oe | i“) |
Lae ie be
fete aa =e :
Ee 3] :
tad it ‘ |

i I
7 Hi
Hie ;
a eee ee : a
with liquids, thin cloths &c., woro yé, my mind says, seems Hi 3)
The second has the force of| not to be inflected, but the i i
sparse, scattering &c. word or phrase which stands i t
Thing, n. te; this word has ve-| connected with it, is inflect- HI |
ry great latitude of meaning) ed, and imparts a past or fu- a il
as affair, matter, news, thing; ture sense to it. Thus, na fi ||
se; and pretty nearly coin-, woro yé éh dida dé, 1. e. [
cides in meaning with the) ‘‘my mind says it would have fF
Latin res. The word déh, come,’ instead of ‘‘I thought i
what, something &c, is often it would have come.” iF}
used in the sense of thing. (Thought, n. woro-popowé or i
Taink, v. na woro yé, my woro-popoé; something that i |
, mind says. There is no the mind has said. — i
no simple word in the lan- Zhousand, a. hubwi-hmu, i. €. it
guage to correspond with five hubis, a huba being two ~ a4
think. Sometimes the phrase, hundred. i 4)
_ & hie & woro nah, which Thread n. gise; cotton. i {|
more properly signifies re- Three, a tinh; by some indi- I 4
flect,is used for think. | viduals this word is —pro- Bi
Thinking, a, a hie 4 woro nounced lanh. i 1
nih, he turns his mind a- Throat, n. mlamla. i i
bout, which is equivalent. to Throw, v. po, p. poda.inf. po- ' |,
a man of thought, or reflect-- mu; this word-is frequently i i)
) ion. followed by the prepositien | |
bird ,-a. tanh; three. | mah. When it signifies to i i]
Thirst, n. toh. + | throw away it-is followed by | i
-Thirsty, a. nth-nah toh ni ma, the word wah thebush, and the Hl 4
i.e. athirst for waterto drink phrase, po ne wah, to throw | |
or a thirst for dvinking wa- ‘it away means literally, to \ ‘|
ter, affectshim, The phrase throw tian the bush. i
is rather obscure. ‘Thumb, n. gie-kburu. There ih 4
Thirteen,a, puh-na-tinh; ten are names for all the fing- i |
and three. | ers except the middle one. i
Thirty, a, woro-na-puh; twen- Thunder, n. ténh, thunder; i i
and ten, ténh ne, is thundering. The HH 4
| This, a. nénu (see, that.) | word is frequently prolong- i 1|
| Thorn; n. wih, and wih-tuh; ed in pronunciation so as to i) i
| the latter means a thorn tree.’ immitate the protracted noise i
| Thought,-v., Lhe phrase, na of thunder. : Ht
| | H
| : V4
—_ Za}

ae | | |
PvE. |
Bea |) ae 2 :
ug : tO 96 10
Peeya |
| ihe Thus, ad. kré. | In many instances it is omit-
He euRe | Liekle, v. nyenva, p. syenya-| ted especia‘ly when refer-
} EI hie | da, inf. nyenydma. |. ence is had to place; thus
a L Binet 1 Tide, a. There is no word to instead of saying, 1am go-
| | bh answer to this. They say,) ing to Wah, a Grebo _would
| is i nih yah ne, the water. comes say, mi Wah. Igo Wah.
|| i i up, and nih té ne, the water Tobacco, n. tama. sos
iE | ye \ goes down, for the flowing Toe, n. beye, pl. beyd; they
| : ie ' _ and ebbing of the tide. | have names for the tees |
Hit ee i Tie, v. moah, p. moahna, inf.) which correspond with the
| E Hie | moahmu; to bind, to tie,|. names of the fingers, with
| i ne to fasten &e; the word ‘is, the exception of the names
Ph | ; spelt with @ final h to distin-| given te the forefiner; the
: fee i guish it from the word moa) great-toe is called, be kbue
| | i Bre ne, to sleep. | ru; the iniddle toe is, be hei-
oa Tight, v..éh plimlé; is tight. | dé, &c.
| a Till, v. oh nt blah Joh or oh Together. ad. popleyina, and
| HW ‘ ni soru loh; he performs the, ah popleyina, and sometimes
It | ie -culture-of rice or cassada. | poplemana.
Le ie i Timber, n. tuh, pl: tih. tree, Tomb, n; they have no know-
I i / - | log, stick, lumber &c; the; ledge of tombs, but they fre-
ry ey | English word timber (timba)| quently build houses for the
i oeee 7 has of late years been incor-| bodies of distinguished per-
| a porated into the language. | sons and these houses are |
Bt ad ea . * = . .
hae Time, n. ti. called’ wudidi-kai, i. e. a
| Lh i Timid, a.4k4 whanu, he has grave yard house.
i i fear; 4 piwhanu, he feels Tongue, n. méh. .
Hay bl \ fear; and sometimes, a ka To-night, n. wide, has refer-
| f if cl ! baure, which expresses an ence to the early part of the
fl i : | intensity of fear or timidity.; night, tah the more advanc-
ee 1 Tin, n pafre. part of it.
Ny ee | Tire, n. wa p. wida inf wamu ;\Toe, ad. hé; this word is gon+
aie A this word is articulated on erally used in connection
ea V ' a natural tone of the voice.| with the conjunction ka;
ik i 7 | The word wa to hear is ut-| thus, Dwéh ka & gnina hé, i.
he i i tered on a higher pitch of| e. Dweh and his wife too.
Hel da ‘ the voice. Tooth, n. (see, teeth.)
TG 4b I To, prep. mah; this word has/Tooth-ache, n. gaba-nyéh kré
Ie i ba = sometimes the force of with. | ne; the jaw-teotlris-sick,
ree :
ee ot
at ae
| Ti | | :
a 2
eGo |
ie ef |
: 2 PS ee eg ee ee eee By

: ay
“id !
TR 97 TR /
: i i
Top, n. Kebw8, when refer-{ inf plidému. |
ence is had to the top of the/Transact, v. ni; to make, {| i
house. Luh, headis more! cause &e. I H
generally used. Bah is a/T'ransforin, v. plede, p. plede- i i]
child’s top. di, pledemu. Somerimes the i !
Torch, n, tedu. word hihi to change is used it| |
Torment, v. ha mu Kuh; to! in the same sense. ial
raise the Devil inme; nun4/Transgress, v. woré and wo- i
| kedida, or tuna swth, the! rs, p. worad4, inf woramu; |
| first means to punish, the} to break, violate, transgress i |
second to occasion distress. | &e i
Tortoise, n. diba, pl. dibwi, /Translate, v. hihi né winh i ‘i
Torture, v. (see, torment.) mah, to change one laa- HI
Toss, v, po né yau nah, guage into another. et
Total, n. pépé, all. Trash, n. kidéh. Hf
.Touch, té, p. téda, inf. tému. |Travely y. 4 mu daba, he is i
Touch-hole, puh-ah yi; the; gone stranger. hey have | f
: gun’s eye. | no idea of traveling for the i a
. Tough, a. tyaka ne; is tough,|’ sake of traveling. i i
strong &c. |Praveller, n. naha, pl. nahoh; i I
Tow, v. poné téné; to put it! walker. ii i
behind; the English word Tread, v. (see, trample.) 3
tow has been very exten-'TJ'reaty, n. yedeh. i) 4
sively adopted into the lan-Tree, n, tuh, pl tih. The {|
guage. | same word is applied to lig, |
Towel, n. plé-daro, a wash! lumber, mast of vessel Kc. Ht |
. cloth, or cloth to wash with. Tremble, v. 4 fai ni nah; his i i]
Town, n. orah, pl. oréh. By, flesh trembles. i !
some individuals it is pro-, Tribe, n diblé; tribe, nation | |
_ Mounced worah or worah. | &e. i ‘|
| Track, n. pénhé, pl. pénh. | Trifle, v. & pedé mu make. i |
Trade, n. pano. iZ'rigger, n. puh kiti, a gun’s i
| Trade, v. pe piano, and some-| penis. {| |
times, pano po. | Trim, v. kbiina; to scrape. i |
Trail, v. kwé 4 pénk mab, to Tripe. n. woh. i {|
follow his trzack. | Trivial, a, khimi. : 1 i
Praitor, n' sébawudé; a spy,/Trot, y. fofo, p. fofoda, inf. fe- it ii
= traitor &c. | fomu. : i i
Trample, v. plidé,p plidéda, i i
i ie 44
iH a
| -—
= ie 44
: : 1)
j if 4
— aes}

Xoo ; oe :
ee =
fag TY 92 UN
PL ewe ?
i ue Trouble, v. yi swéh or ha mu U
HF} nee Kuh; to see trouble, or to|_
Ti ei | raise the Devil in me. BothUgly, a gninnéidu and gnekra;
F | tee | of these phrases are much| ugly, bad Sc.
Ie | used, Ulcer, nm. ginh.
| He | Trouble, n. swéh. Unable. a. & yedé né wé; he is
He bi True, a. hah te; true words;| not adequate to it.
HH | } i cs sometimes hah is used by it-|[Unaccountable, a. gniye ibo
a self. : né; noone knows or under-
igen. i @ Truly, ad, hahte, true words,| stands it. : S
| | 4 Bier truly, amen &c, Unbend, v. pedi, p. pedid:, inf. |
ae Trunk, . gi-branh; a Teo-| pedimu,
Lf le pard’s chest, i.e. achest co-|Unbind, v. wodé, p. woddi,
| / pe : vered with Leopard’s skin, |. inf. wodému. Unbind, loose
h ay 4 Trust, v. gni mu krawa; give| &ec. .
| ithe tl me trust. Unbolt, v. brah, p, brahda. inf.
| bie Truth, n. hah te; true thing, or} brihmu.
| eee true word. Uncertain, a. a ye ibo; he.does
i | i a Try, v. (see, tempt.) not kuow.
It ee Try v. (to make an effort) thelUncle, n. buh-Ah bebuh, or
| y Hid same as the word above (see, deh-ah bebuh; father or mo-
Li | 4 tempt. ) : ther’s brother,
Hees il Turn, v. hié né mah, hiéna wé|Uncover, vy. hao’ jiu; to take
aoe, ft mah &c. up the cover.
4 tee | Tusk, n. syéh or gnéh, alUnction, n. kénah; any oily
| tae | tooth. substance.
He i \ 1) Twelfth, n. puh-nd-suh; ten|Under, prep. biyo; under, in-
Hf Mee 4 and two , side &c.
HT Ui bh Twelve, a. puh-na-suh ;ten|Underground, v. bro-biyo, un-
ie ne and two. der the ground; sometimes
| fl ies | Twenty, a. woro, pl. woré| they say, Atuné déh buru,
| a | The people count by twen- he says something in the
ee i _ ties, hence the plural form. | ground.
Lf ae i Twice, a. wih suh; two times.|Understand, v. ibo, p. iboda,
li i i Twist, v. nyiné, p. nyinédi,| inf. ibomu; to know, to un-
if RW 4 inf. nyinému. derstand, to comprehend.
ieee iy T h Understanding, n. woro, and
es iL wo, a. suh, n g, Nn. ;
aa) i Type, n. kinidi te; book thing.| sometimes luh head.
Ha ; it Undertake. There is. no. word
a) :
ae am i :
i |
Hee ae ||
aa oe
4) ae |
Pei iti a ;

| / }
| which will correspond fully’ ly ground; or unhealthful ae
oe witi this. Lhey would say place. — (| {|
| towa ov, i have begun it; or Unhospitable, a. oh ne gninné- |
dudi, 1 have sei about it. | kwéh' i.e. they are close- i |
Undo, v. wods or wor.; Ihave’ handed, or they are stingy. i
unbound, or untied, undo, Unintelligible,a gnaye ibo né; fy |
do over again &c | no one knows or under- Hi
Unegual, a. iyobo, aad some-| stands it. I |
ie ti ves, oh ye yé-wodé, Uninterested, a. 4 ye né déhyi; Hl
Uneven, a. ayekehna | he does not care for it. i |
Unteriile, a. krédé (see, bar-Unite, v. koki né yé, p. koka- i} i
ren.) | diné yé inf. yéné koka- th i
Unfetter, v. ha ni plede sonh,' mu; to join together. i &
take the iron from his hands; Universe, n. kuni and .kuna-. /
or ha na tus 4 bo, taxe off, m«h; this word is appled toe i
e the stocks from his legs. the world in which we live, it |
a Unit, a. (see unable.) the world to which departed A 4
| Unfoid, v. wodé or word. p.| spirits go, and also to the n- _ | 4
woded’ or worada, inf. wo-' niverse. i i
dému or woramu; to unbind lnjust, a. } Hi
untie, loose, unfold &e. Unkind. a. § 4 yehih gnebwi; iH
Unfriendly, a a gn. mli, he hbeis not a goodperson, — Hi
hates me; or a ye mu nowa- Unknown, a gnaye ibo né; no Hl |
mi, he does not love me. | oue knows it. i /
Unfruitful, a. (s:e, barren.) ‘Unlade, v_ ha déh tebli; take i |
Ungrateful, a. 4 ne sinh gna; __ out things. Hi |
he is an ungrateful man. Unlawful, a. éh kagné; it js sa- i i]
Unhappy ,a. krah yéhniwude; cred, must not be touched, | |
a bone is up in the inside and in some instanees, it is vi 4
of his breast. They resem-. unlawful. There is no word i i
ble the feeling of anger to in the language however i i|
the sensation ofa bone or which corresponds perfectly Ha
hard lump in the breast.’ with unlawful. i i{
Semetimes the idea would Unless, conj. There is no cor- . i i
be expressed by using the’ responding word for this, et
opposite phrase for that of; except when it has the force a
happiness, i.e. wari ni nil of af. (see, if.) i
sorrow or grief affects him. alike, a. oh ye yé-wodé, or i i)
"Tnhealthful, a. kékra bro, sick-| oh ye yé-wowodé; they are Hi
| |i
| : yi
| -
| ia
| ‘ Het 23
i 4
| Hy

pruererneence 2 ————e *
a " . phrase @: |
= 100 fthe ¢ ess.)
.— ning 0 hteousn is not
fy i i mea rig it is |
b a ie | UN oy (see, kunh, ed:
He ks a. éh ye Pere ae
i : A 3 i ) nripe, ipe, 0 A ye ne or
a1 i ees unlade en it.|U rown, ry, a thke it,
, ie i ; fk re ty ae ® 4
| ee Sees eon a eh: Ersatifactory, rd with it. it is
ke He i, Unload, ee se i r- ani; he ased \ ti; 1 |
aS i HS f - oe = Ry Ved 2 phras . ene wan 3 plea se &@ ;
Ht i i Tnlock, ig no i g G ot | éh Y
ree Re | Unio ghia 35 idea = rase, to he is.n ble, a. ; he |
IE f i | ‘Lnere t the ph isonal ih; |
Hib | Se ck, bu dia the 2! Unsea time. a pou
HE hee iene d work not the tir a gn itude. -
t f Hie aly 1 i as ap nee multi 2 fe w fit
Eee | ee ade wee Ss ar |
Lea | Unloose, ae yedé | dish able, a etent,
Ete tb UG loose / éh J any, ulta cum} ]
| ie s (See. ry, @. ot do = Uns is not iness. nerateful.
Ht} Hy \ Vanecdssti does ee he the busin ee uae!
HE iy i see he -a ate for yedé ae for t kful, a. aa
| i i ; “ae = = gue. 9 one is Unthank (see u ‘t is not
H | a a veuyied, oy aaa t Untie, a P aiives oe
EE | vals h at i bie take: o util, p a. ye ha a kbad;
i Wi a i ee or Pp tedl:, ry ruc, & irawa
LY in i there; 0 had ade) 1 am Unt e ae years gigs se
fl Wee 3} pack, v B, Uni aA We 3 tru yp, @. e to has ebwi
4 ro 4 Un ae (see, ye ma sae &c. Untrusty ofa Tan Bhat gn tele.
aa ii thing red, a. fread) he is nota a. eee
| i ia . v ssaread, no ne. - e, pers 1S
i iit i Unpre, Y era ‘ed, kde. i. ) Uisvholesome, a a Oa: he
| ee | 1 Bre} ; barren. Aer A itt e
ed ; D SRE: - e, bart wor kré, it a kuhp fool. ‘
' He i cs - POM » o. (se > and the a ise, a. he is 2 ah: seme
ty ae i janes ot wod times Unwis: h, or ne d yah; overs
tH ihe i Us vel... ¥. Seme is used foolish, éh an head, the
| x Th JNEAVE se.) rode, 48 in- ep. y he he va
tee | Un loos wode, pe r h th se y e
f H } 4 | (see, = “ne In som ek Up, e s. luh i: alse ins sane
| | ha tH a e iE a. Id say, i" 4 es ee has ¢ :
a ‘oF os oe wou lige broke hea , quenu)
| ieee | Unvea a5 Ue) ti head ccm- sky, {re ion. ald.) Id
| f Ba | staice bdé.iwk more aah Sah nike ee, sca to hold
LE Wed i = oe ee but = Wa Ne |} signi v. (s a yéh,
Ue a hit it lub nove; is, a ne not o7 braid, du na d him. rard
a ity : iH or ce hrase 1 le does nm VOU ae old, v. uphol his wa
ot es Hi Tron paras e.h isdom y Uph or to. t kéh: ¢ back,
Une I saeeilh & r the wis him, Se crea
Hy Hh Me i not hea ri kuh- Upon p po BE oes the
H \ ! a | will — man. U means, on, a yéh;
Wea it ter. SP a fac uy
Li i a utte S, a vilis d| Le surf lu
| i oa i irighteou q or de for: bad, the IrEp.. per. ih
He | Uni e a ba term ference per. er up nd tuil
| hike i kuh; have Sant re Tao Upper. Fhe a
Vee 4 “he e
He es y 1 ney has sp n of the radu- proar, 0
te # i “I: } vhich iolatio is is gt 5) Up
{| Ripe | V hevio this 1s ona ;
Hi We to t oh ate
HS Hh i] Gs ee the
wae i a; min =
i 3 | a t ally beco
es Hi
Re | :
my ie |
Be ee it
re ae L
Fae iti
On ae i
Hy a |
ies i ec ih
fe i
Ne i Veh H
ie i ne ve
ee i