Citation
Missionary echo of the Methodist Church

Material Information

Title:
Missionary echo of the Methodist Church
Abbreviated Title:
Missionary echo
Creator:
Methodist Church (Great Britain) ( Author, Primary )
Place of Publication:
London
Publisher:
Andrew Crombie
Henry Hooks
Language:
English
Physical Description:
volume ; 31 cm

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Methodist Church (Great Britain) -- Missions -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
Methodist Church (Great Britain) ( LCNAF )
Missions, British -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
Missions, British ( LCSH )
Missions -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
衛理公會(英國) -- 宣教 -- 期刊
衛理公會(英國)
英國傳教士 -- 期刊
傳教士,英國
任務 -- 期刊
卫理公会(英国) -- 宣教 -- 期刊
卫理公会(英国)
英国传教士 -- 期刊
传教士,英国
任务 -- 期刊
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
Temporal Coverage:
1893 -
Spatial Coverage:
Europe -- United Kingdom -- England -- Greater London -- London
Asia -- China
Asia -- India
Africa -- British Africa
North America -- Caribbean
歐洲 -- 英國 -- 英格蘭 -- 大倫敦 -- 倫敦
亞洲 -- 中國
亞洲 -- 印度
非洲 -- 英屬非洲
北美 -- 加勒比海
欧洲 -- 英国 -- 英格兰 -- 大伦敦 -- 伦敦
亚洲 -- 中国
亚洲 -- 印度
非洲 -- 英属非洲
北美 -- 加勒比海
Coordinates:
51.507222 x -0.1275
35 x 103
21 x 78
18.18 x -77.4
-8.7832 x 34.5085

Notes

General Note:
Catalogued from volumes 3 (1896) and 31 (1924)
General Note:
Title from cover and index
General Note:
VIAF (name authority) : Methodist Church (Great Britain) : URI http://viaf.org/viaf/158324772

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS University of London
Holding Location:
SOAS University of London
Rights Management:
This item is licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution, Non-Commercial License. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this work non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms.
Resource Identifier:
123988723 ( OCLC )

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Full Text
THE
Missionary Echo
OF THE
XHnitcb flftetbobfet Gbutcb.
Editor :
Rev. J. E. SWALLOW.
VOLUME XXII.
(VOLUME X., NEW SERIES.)
1915.
And the King’s servants said unto the King,
Behold, thy servants are ready to do whatso-
ever my Lord the King shall choose."
—2 Samuel xv. 15.
London:
HENRY HOOKS, 12 FARRINGDON AVENUE, E.C.


I N DEX.
PAGE
NORTH CHINA.
Candlin, The late Mrs., F. B. Turner - 24
Chart of Growth, 1859—1915 - - 56
China’s Call to Prayer, F. B. Turner - 9
Church that wouldn’t be Closed, The,
G. P. Littlewood - 162
District Meeting ----- 155
New Methods, G. P. Littlewood - - 33
Yung Ping Fu, Experiences at, A. F.
Jones ------- 112
SOUTH-EAST CHINA.
Chart of Growth, 1864—1914 - - 94
Chekiang Closed to Opium - - - 183
Coming Home for Third Time, J. W.
Heywood ------ 172
Ningpo College _ - - - 176, 191
The Things that Matter, G. W. Sbep-
pard ------- 145
Wenchow, A Peep into, Mrs. T. W.
Chapman - - - - - -110
Wenchow Address to Conference, 1915 117
Wenchow Light-bearers W. R. Stobie 65
Wenchow, Pastor Zing of, T. M. Gauge 40
Wenchow Trials and Triumphs, H. T.
Chapman. ----- 103
Wenchow, Women of, A. LI. Sharman - 31
SOUTH-WEST CHINA.
Birthday Letter from a Missionary - 8
Chao Tong, Glimpses of, L. Savin - 16
Chao Tong to Plymouth, Mrs. Dymond 74
Chart of Growth, 1885—1914 - - 94
Girls in West China, Education of, Miss
Squire -------76
Ko Kuei City, H. Parsons - - - 6
Ko-pu of Yunnan, The, H. Parsons 36, 113
Miao, The River, S. Pollard - - - 81
Miao-land Festivals and Baptisms,
W. H. Hudspeth ... - 50
Nosuland Journeyings, C. N. Mylne 10, 22
Pollard, Rev. S., In Memoriam, Editor 177
×´ ., R. E. Craddock - 179
,, ,, Mrs. F. J. Dymond 180
Thirty Years in West China, C. E.
Hicks - - - - - Ö¾ . . Ö¾
Women’s Work in Yunnan, Dr. Lilian
Dingle ------ 159
EAST AFRICA.
Meru an Eldorado, R. T. Worthington 17, 37
Mr. Mimmack, A Tribute, J. B.
Griffiths . - - - - 100
Mr. Mimmack’s Marriage 7 - - 125
WEST AFRICA.
Past and Present in Sierra Leone,
A. E. Greensmith - - 25
JAMAICA.
Griffith, The late Rev. W., H. T.
Chapman - - - - - - 105
״ ״ J• Wynn - 106
HOME.
Alderley, Our Christmas Band at
Nether, Rev. J. E. Mackintosh - - • 184
PAGE
Call to Service in Missions, The Presi-
dent ------- 1
Chairman’s Guinea, The, J. E. Mackin-
tosh ------- 138
C.E. Topics, Rev. F. Barrett, 27, 58,
91, 124, 154, 188
Demonstration at Paig'nton •• - - 55
Hymn tune, “Aspiration,” T. E. Askew 153
London Meetings, The Editor - - 88
Manchester College Demonstration - 70
Missions at Conference, E. C. Bartlett 129
Missionary Prayer Union, C. S. - - 150
,, ,, E. Ratcliffe- 169
Missionary Report, The F. J. Ellis - 167
Missionary Budget for 1915 - - - 156
Monthly Prayer Meeting, 16, 32, 48, 64,
80, 96, 112, 128, 144, 159, 176, 195
Noteworthy Helpers :
104-5. Nelly and Francis Morley . - 11
106. Elsie Warner - - - 14
107. H. A. Neath - - - 28
108. Phillip Middleton - - 28
109. Blanche Jackson - - 43
110. Edith Field - - 43
111. Arthur Jeffries - - - 61
112. Edward M. Probert - 61
113. Phyllis Buckley - - 73
114. Elsie Nicholas - - - 73
115. Annie Hall - 93
116. Ethel Collins - - 93
117. Miss Swinden - - 107
118. Mrs. Shaw - - 107
119. Shelley, Huddersfield - - 123
120. Eva Smith - - 123
121. Miss Boulder - - - 141
122. E. A. Richards - 141
123. Mrs. Browell - - - 157
124. A. R. Wilson - 158
125. Ethel Tidball - - - 173
126-9. Tiverton Group - - 173
130. Jessie R. Slack - - 174
131. Lamberhead Green C.E. Society 190
132. Mr. John Preston - - 191
Observatory, 13, 29, 45, 86, 108, 140, 170,
Opium Campaign, The - - - - 64
Queries ------ 128, 153
Secretary’s Notes, C. Stedeford, 3, 20,
34, 53, 67, 84, 101, 117, 133, 150, 164, 181
War and Missions, G. W. Stacey - - 119
War and German Missions - - - • 60
Womens’ Auxiliary, 15, 30, 46, 62, 79,
95, 109, 126, 142, 158, 175, 193
Young People’s Page :
Changed to Golden Service, W. H.
Proudlove ----- 44
POETRY.
New Year Song, S. Gertrude Ford - 5
He is our Peace, C. D. Aldis - - - 24
April, 1915, S. Gertrude Ford - - 52
War between Christians, S. Gertrude
Ford - -- -- --83
Maranatha, Elizabeth Taylor - - 106
Peace on the Battlefield, S. Gertrude
Ford...................................128


PAGE
The Magnetic Christ, W. L. Gibbs - 144
Agnus Dei, dona nobis Pacem, S.
Gertrude Ford ----- 153
Raymond Lull, Edward Shilito - - 156
We Love Him, A Child Song, Carey
Bonner ...... 186
Christmas Visions, Miss Taylor - - 186
Ngani Hymn ------ 196
Ring, Christmas Bells - - - - 196
REVIEWS OF BOOKS.
“Joyful Seekers” ----- 5
Bible in Brazil - - - - 7, 112
War should Rise, Though - - - 7
The International Review, 23, 69, 116, 174
Poems of War and Peace - - - 29
The Scholar and Missions - - - 32
Swahili Phrases, etc. - - - - 42
Missionary Speaker and Reader - - 42
Livingstone College Year Book - - 42
The Golden Chain ----- 57
The Quarterlies - 69, 96
The Wesleyan Centenary - - - 87
The War and the Future - - - 92
The Moslem World . . . . 139
Caroline Meta Wiseman - 168
John Williams, Shipbuilder - - - 192
PORTRAITS.
Brook, Mrs. David . . . . 159
Candlin, Dr. G. T. - - - - 3
Conference Missionary Platform - - 130
Hall, Mrs. R. S. - - - - - 160
Heywood, Rev. J. W. - - - - 172
Heywooo, Mrs. J. W. - - - - 175
Mimmack, Mr. F. - - - - - 100
Neden, Mr. W. P. - 88
Parker, Rev. George - - - - 1
Pollard, The late Rev. S. - 178, 179, 180
Proudfoot, Rev. James - - - - 90
Rattenbury, Mr., J.P., C.C. - - - 130
Sheppard and Family, The Rev. G. W. 182
Squire, Miss L. O., B.A. - - - 63
Thorne, The late Rev. S. T. - - - 57
Turner, Mr. C. H. 89
Women's Missionary Platform - - 142
Vanstone, The late Rev. T. G. - •» 57
OTHER ILLUSTRATIONS.
NORTH CHINA.
Tong Shan Bible Class - - - - 20
Chu Chia Harvest Festival - - - 21
Motor-cycles and Missions - - - 33
Cycle Corps (group) ... - 34
Wu Ting Fu Bible Class - - - 54
Rev. G. P. Littlewood and Mandarin - 155
The Church that wouldn’t be Closed, 161-2
Christmas Post Card, A. - - - 48
Chu Chia Church ----- 167
Chu Chia School, Class 2 in - - 194
SOUTH-EAST CHINA.
Summer School at Pei-tai-hoe - - 4
Morning Prayers at Ningpo College - 9
Girls’ School Staff at Wenchow - - 31
A Lesson in Physics at Ningpo College 36
Group in Honour of A. H. Sharman - 40
Ancestral Temple, Wenchow ... 41
Pastor Pan and Group, Wenchow - 65
Students at Ningpo PAGE 68
Wenchow House-boat - 84
A Roadside Shrine, Wenchow 85
A Temple Court-yard, Ningpo - - 145
A Lotus Pond, Pootoo. - ' - 147
A Ningpo Woman, 1892, and 1915 151-2
Farewell Party for Mr. Hevwood 171
Mrs. Heywood and Mrs. Mao - - 175
SOUTH-WEST CHINA.
Ko Kuei - - - - â–  6, 7
A Nosu Family - - _ . 11
A Study in Black and White - 15
Nosu Woman and Son - 23
Dragon’s Well Chapel - - - 49
A Bethel where 85 were baptised - 50
A Picturesque Wood 51
Bridge at Kiang Tu - - 74
Tong Chuan under Snow 75
Chao Ting Girls’ School :
Some of the Juniors - 77
Some of the Seniors - 77
More of the Seniors - 78
A Friendly Prefect - - - - 81
River-Miao Women 82
Miao Woman - - - 96, 99
Miao Gathering - - - - - 97
Three Miao Preachers - - 101
A Typical Chao Tong Flouse - - 102
Miao all : five real, one imitation - 109
Mr. and Mrs. King - - 113
Kopu Girls - - _ - - 114
Kopu Men and Boys - - 115
Nosu Enquirers - - - - - 134
Kopu School - - - - - - 136
Kopu Scholars . . . - • 137
Confucian Temple Gateway - - - 166
EAST AFRICA.
Under the Palms, Mr. and Mrs. Worth-
ington - - - - • - - 17
A Man of Meru - - - - - 18
Meru Government Station - 19
Wa-meru ----- - 37
Wa-meru Cultivating - - - — 38
Missionary Muster at Meru - - 39
German Church, M’wina - 60
Mr. Worthington well-surrounded 108
Consternation at Meru - - - - 139
Market Scene at Meru - - - - 165
St. Andrew’s Church, Nairobi WEST AFRICA. 168
Motley Group at Freetown, A - - 25
Mendi “ Barrie,” A - - - 188
Mendi Man, A - - - - . MISCELLANEOUS. - 189
The Queen’s Card - - - - 13
Chain Bar Young Women’s Class - 87
Missionary Breakfast at Conference - 132
Music, “Aspiration,” T. E. Askew - 153
״ “Tata Witu” - - 196
Morris Concert-Party at Redruth - 80
Nether Alderley Band - - - - 185
Niagara ------ - 149
Ploughshares and Swords - 120
The Hope of the World - - - - 187
“The Sunbeams ” at Paignton ־ 55


SPECIMEN HANDBILL FOR REVERSE PRINTING (four sets).
Supplied free on application to the Publishing House. Carriage free or included in the monthly parcels.
The United Methodist Church
FOREIGN MISSIONS
What is maintained ?
IN CHINA: 27 Missionaries, 414 Churches
5 Hospitals, 2 Colleges, 131 Day Schools
and Chinese Agents, including 6 ordained
Pastors, 94 Ministers, 69 Catechists, and
14 Biblewomen.
IN AFRICA : 5 Missionaries, 36 Churches,
11 ordained Native Pastors, 21 Catechists,
and 29 Day Schools.
“Flowers of God’s heart’’ in Miaoland.
Why a Larger Income
is Needed.
At Meru, Fast Africa.
THE MAGNET PRESS, PECKHAM, S. E.
BOCaUSO ^lere are 9 fewer Missionaries
than five years ago, as vacancies
in the staff have not been filled
for want of funds ; these vacancies
represent 2 Doctors, 3 Ministerial
Missionaries. 3 Nurses and 1 Lady
Educationist.
BeCaUSe grants f°r working expenses
are £1,559 less than the estimates.
BeCaUSe Native Preachers and Catechists
were discontinued last year: the
grants not being sufficient to
maintain them.
BeCaUSG some ^3y Schools have had to be
closed for lack of funds.
BeCaUSe many great opportunities present
themselves in every field.
BeCaUSe many new Stations and Schools
could be opened if we had the
money.
BeCaUSe the.G°sPel 's the only remedy for
the sins and sorrows of mankind.
C. STEDEFORD, Secretary,
202 Gravelly Hill,
Birmingham.


the right, as God gives us to see the right, we may strive on to
finish the work we are in : to bind up the nation’s wounds,
to care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his
widow and his orphan—to do all which may achieve and cherish
a just and lasting peace among all nations.”
(Adapted from Abraham Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address, March 4th, 1865.)
A New Year Call
to Service.
By the PRESIDENT.
'HE uppermost feeling of friends
throughout the Connexion during
the last six months has been one
of profound gratitude that the Mission
Debt was extinguished at the last Con-
ference, with some ;£3,000 over, which
is kept in reserve, the interest only to be
applied to current expenses. It was a
great effort, and the response was
spirited and general. At the close of
the Conference portentous clouds began
to gather on the political horizon, and in
a few days the storm broke. Since
then we have lived in anxiety, and our
hearts have been stirred day by day by
the stories of carnage and devastation
in Belgium and France. So far as we
can see any such special effort as that
completed in July would have been im-
possible during war time. Are we not
warranted in believing that a kindly
Providence has been over our beloved
Church, and this great hindrance to
our Missionary operations has been re-
moved by God’s guidance and blessing?
But debts have a tendency to recur,
and in the extensive work we carry on,
covering three great Districts in China,
that land of many millions, and two im-
portant spheres in East and West
Africa, and some eighty-six stations in
England, it is difficult to effect econo-
mies and almost impossible to check
January, 1915.
growing expense, except at the cost of
crippling the work.
13ut the Conference was quite in
earnest in its declaration that debt must
not again be contracted, and the per-
plexing task is assigned to our two Com-
mittees to carry out this injunction fully
and faithfully.
The President (Rey. Geo. Parker).


A New Year Call to Service
The paring-down process has been
applied all round, and apparently can
go no further, except it be by actual
withdrawals. There is indeed one hope,
one sure way of escape, viz., a much
larger income. And notwithstanding
the tax of the War, with its multitudin-
ous appeals for relief and help to winch
a deaf ear may not be turned, the Con-
nexion is going to take this nobler way,
and realize our best hopes. Increases
are already reported where decreases
might have been expected, and with
general co-operation we may anticipate
an income which, with prudent adminis-
tration, will suffice for present needs.
A word might be spoken to those
friends who, happily, have not felt the
grip under which so many writhe. The
ability of many, notably in Lancashire
but also in other counties, is greatly re-
duced, and the problem of how to make
ends meet and tie is acute. But it is an
accepted principle with Christian men
that the strong should count it a privi-
lege to help the weak, and in subscript
tions, as well as in collections, it would
go a great way if friends who are able
would spontaneously make up their
minds to contribute twofold or even
fourfold so long as the war lasts. No-
body wants our missions to be ham-
pered, or our work to be whittled down,
and such generous and gracious action
would meet at once with human grati-
tude and Divine blessing.
To present an apologia for Mission
enterprise, or to expound its many
methods of evangelistic, medical, edu-
cational, and philanthropic work, is no
more needful than to give a demonstra-
tion that the whole of a thing is greater
than any of its parts. The development
of our work abroad is directly related to
that at home, and both grow, or fail,
together. A forward policy is the only
safe one. To attack is better than
merely to defend, and year by year fresh
territory should be marked for conquest.
Methods are already projected for
China, which, when actually brought
into operation will have a great influ-
ence on the future of that wonderful
landi
If I might say a word or two to my
ministerial brethren, it would be to sug-
gest that in the ECHO and the “ Mission
Report,” they might find excellent il-
lustrations for many pulpit themes, which
would tell all the more because of per-
sonal interest therein. And further to
expound the latest efforts and achieve-
ments would be generaly helpful and il-
lumiriating, and especially as to China,
where things have changed with ka-
leidoscopic swiftness. No doubt in
some districts of the Flowery Land there
may still be ignorance of any revolu-
tion, just as in this country there may
be found people who do not yet under-
stand that the war in which we are now
engaged must profoundly affect the
most remote villages and hamlets of
Great Britain. Common conditions in
China have been so revolutionised that
descriptions, accurate enough׳ a few
years ago, are now as far from fact as
the condition of England at the time of
Wesley would differ from the conditions
which we know to-day. And that in a
country once supposed to be as un-
changing as a fossilized shell! How the
Gospel needs to be presented to-day,
and how it is influencing a people mov-
ing forward with great and rapid strides,
is a most interesting theme. Missionary
sermons grow rapidly when the Mission-
ary spirit fills the heart, and such preach-
ing cannot be restricted to anniversary
occasions.
And once more, for ministers and
leaders alike: Are we doing all we
should in the organization and support
of Missionary prayer meetings? Private
prayer is acknowledged to be all im-
portant; without it there can be no׳ true
Christian life. But there is a need for
the stimulating influence of social
prayer. Jeremy Taylor’s well-known
words are worth pondering: “Rely not
on a single prayer in matters of great
concernment, but make it as public as
you can by obtaining others to pray
with you: this being the great blessing
of the Communion of Saints, that a
prayer united is strong like a well-
ordered Army.”
Zechariah, ethical, practical, and
yet simply overflowing with visions-,
says: “ The inhabitants of one house or
street shall go to another, saying, Let us
go speedily and pray, before the Lord,
and to seek the Lord of Hosts: I will
go also.”
2


Secretary’s
Notes.
“ The Lord As we enter the opening
of Hosts is year we cannot rest our
With Us.” faith and hope upon a
surer foundation than the
truth contained in the words, “ The Lord
of Hosts is with us.” The good old
wish of a “ Happy New Year ” seems al-
most ironical when the black cloud of
war casts its terrible gloom over the
whole world. Nevertheless the year
may bring its surprises of joy. We
hope and pray that the war cloud may
be dispersed, never again to obscure the
shining heavens. As one hundred years
ago the destiny of Europe was decided
upon the famous battlefield of Belgium,
so it is probable that the condition of
Europe for coming centuries will be de-
termined by the issue of the struggle in
this year ’15. It appears now that the
advance of the Kingdom of God has
suffered a serious check, and that it will
take many years to recover from the ef-
fects of this devastating war. But we
may learn that it was necessary for some
barbarian notions to be exploded and
anti-Christian policies to reveal their
bitter fruit in order to prepare the na-
tions to build upon truer foundations,
and discover the principle of universal
peace and righteousness. The final
conquest of the world by Christ is a
hope not dimmed or darkened by recent
events. The missionary ideal, which
blends the highest prosperity of all
nations with the supreme interests and
welfare of our broad humanity, is the
true ideal which must ultimately domin-
ate mankind and terminate for ever the
kind of international and fratricidal, war-
fare which desolates the world to-day.
The Lord of Hosts is with us. He is
directing all the forces of His kingdom,
as we shall see, when the smoke and
cloud of battle have cleared away.
To Onr â–  Our Missionary income
Collectors. depends chiefly upon the
energy and success of our
missionary collectors, adult and juvenile.
Their work this year will present except
tional difficulties. In consequence of the
war so many extra appeals have arisen
which are worthy of the fullest sym-
By tbe
Rev. C. STEDEpORD.
pathy and support, that the missionary
collector may find the field already
gleaned. This should not deter the mis-
sionary collectors from making the most
earnest appeal. Mere gleanings are not
sufficient for the missionary cause. We
look for the “ handfuls of purpose ”
which Boaz ordered his men to let fall
in the path of Ruth. While the mis-
sionary gift this year will mean in many
instances an act of deliberate personal
sacrifice, it must not be withheld. Our
collectors will be able to show that the
demand is the same and even greater.
We cannot suspend missionary opera-
tions on account of the war, and unless
the income is considerably larger than
last year we shall be faced with a most
embarrassing deficit when the accounts
are closed. Some places have proposed
to give the proceeds of their annual sale
Dr. G. T. Candlia, [J. E. Shaw and Son,
North China, 1875— Huddersfield, 1914.
[Expects to leave for China on the 7th inst.]
3


Foreign Secretary’s Notes
to Belgian relief instead of missions.
Such a proposal means that instead of
sacrificing ourselves for the Belgians we
prefer to sacrifice the heathen. Extra
claims must be met by extra means, or
there is no generosity in supporting
them.
We hear that some friends are dis-
posed to decline to take their collecting
books and boxes this year on account of
the special demands. Let me urge that
such a course must not be contemplated
for a single moment. It would mean
disaster for our funds. Each collector
should take up his work as though the
whole of our missionary enterprise de-
pended upon his efforts. New sub-
scribers should be sought to fill the place
of those who fail. Every collector must
obtain one-tenth more than was ob-
tained last year if we are to prevent
another debt.
Sincere gratitude should make people
willing to give generously. When the
war began there was almost a panic of
alarm. We hardly knew whether we
should have sufficient food. But.
through wise administrative measures,
and by reason of Britain’s command of
the seas, the business of the country has
been wonderfully sustained. Our fears
have been dispelled and we should
gratefully recognise the protecting
Providence which spreads our table day
by day.
We are happy to report that the re-
suits of missionary anniversaries as far
as can be ascertained have been grati-
fying, in most places the receipts are
equal to last year, and in many places
considerably in advance. It is upon
our collectors and subscribers we have
to rely for securing their share of the
increase required to carry us success-
fully through the present difficult year.
First Dr. E. T. A. Stedeford re-
Impressions ceived a hearty welcome
of Wenchow, to Wenchow, and has al-
ready won generous
tributes from his colleagues. He has
found his sphere so congenial that he
says “ It seems that I have lived here
and known the other missionaries for
years.” He likes the situation of Wen-
chow with its beautiful river and sur-
rounding mountains. He is impressed
with the splendid scope offered by the
hospital at Wenchow. In comparing it
with an English hospital it lacks that
last touch of cleanliness and attractive-
ness given by English nurses, and he


A New Year Song
considers it would mean considerable
improvement if the nursing staff were
under the direction of a competent Eng-
lish nurse. While this is so it is a kind
of education to Chinese nurses to be
compelled tp observe the rules of order
and cleanliness required in. the hospital.
The doctor at present has to devote his
afternoons to the study of the language.
In his work at the hospital he has re-
ceived considerable help from two
Chinese assistants, who know a fair
amount of English.
The A Handbook has been
Missionary prepared under the direc-
Officers’ tion of the Foreign Mis-
Handbook. sions Committee as a
guide to missionary of-
fleers in the fulfilment of their duties.
In it the Secretaries of all grades, Dis-
trict, Circuit, Church, Sunday School
and Guilds, will each find directions for
making his part of the organization as
complete as possible. There are only a
few circuits which have anything like a
complete organization for missionary
purposes. The Committee desires to
make the organization for disseminating
information and raising income far more
effective, and the Handbook aims at that
result. A copy will be presented to
each Secretary and each Circuit Mis-
sionary Treasurer, with the request to
adopt as far as possible all the sugges-
tions it contains relating to his particu-
lar office. Any Missionary Secretary,
of any order, who has not received a
copy of this Handbook, is asked to
apply for one to the circuit or District
Missionary Secretary, and if that ap-
plication fail, to the Connexional Foreign
Missionary Secretary. We trust all our
ministers and leaders will heartily sup-
port the secretaries in any efforts to im-
prove the circuit missionary organiza-
tion.
“Joyful Seeders.”
SOME account of the doings of the
Sisters of the United Methodist
Deaconess Institute and Home during
the 23rd year of its existence. Price
One Penny.
An excellent pamphlet. The Warden,
the Rev. Plenry Smith, reports, much
solid work done, and narrates many
pleasing and inspiring incidents in con-
nection therewith. Every one should
see and read it. Specially do we sym-
pathize with the Institute in two facts:
the effort to extinguish the Missionary
Debt diverted income from them, and
the war has hindered the work still
further. Let us seek to help by annual
subscriptions, as large as may be, but
let no one withhold the small amount.
×´?=>
A New Year Sop§. By S. GERTRUDE FORD,
A voice of bells on the night,
Like the voice of morn!
The Old Year speeds to his flight,
As the New is born.
The Old sinks down in the stress
Of the whirl of strife;
The New may break us or bless,
Give us death or life.
0 Lord of Hosts, Thou art Lord
Through the whole earth’s span !
Thine, Thine the sceptre and sword,
And the heart of man.
Our soul has folded her wings
In her sheltering tree:
Turn Thou the hearts of the kings,
King of Love, to Thee!
The Year goes out in the dark
On a wave of war;
The flood, for us, has an Ark,
And the night a Star.
What hope is born for a light
Where the storm-winds cease?
A voice of bells on the night,
Like the voice of Peace!
5


Ko Ku’ei City.
By tl>e Rev. H. PARSONS.
THIS place is of more than usual in-
terest to ex-B.C.’s. .It was to
this City that Samuel Thorne journeyed
when suffering severely. It is three
days’ journey from Chao Tong, and is
in the midst of a rather lawless neigh-
bourhood. It is reported that a recent
magistrate decapitated or shot several
hundreds of thieves in the course of
three years. Mr. Thorne kept an en-
gagement in the City, then rode home
to die, falling from his horse several
times on the way.
When I passed through the town
some time ago, news was brought me of
a number of people there, being desirous
of “ joining the Church.” I was inclined
to think it was more anti-Roman Catholic
than a sincere desire for the Gospel.
However, I had no opportunity of ascer-
taining, for our hands were too full with
Miao work to permit of extensive de-
velopments at that time among the
Chinese. Mr. Dymond now writes
that a chapel has been opened there.
The usual method of crossing the
river is by a ferry-boat secured against
the strong current by the bamboo rope,
by which it is also hauled from one side
of the stream to the other. It was al-
most without doubt, at this ferry that Mr.
Thorne crossed the river.
1904—1914.
During this period extraordinary de-
velopments have taken place in this
land. Our district, as a mission, ex-
tends from Yunnan Fu to the northern,
boundary of the province of Yunnan.
It takes nearly three weeks to journey
from one extreme to the other. Ten
years ago, a person could only spend
two or three nights out of the twenty on
premises where the folk were Christian ;
and two of these were our centres—
Tong Chuan and Chao Tong. To-day
a person by travelling through country
running nearly parallel with the main
Ko Ku’ei. [Rev. H. Parsons.
6


Bookland
road need not stay more than one night
in a Chinese inn; all the remaining
nights he can sleep on chapel premises
or in the homes of members or en-
quirers belonging to the United
Methodist Church, excepting that the
first two nights would be on China In-
land Mission premises.
In going from Yunnan Fu to Chen
Hsiong: 1904, 16 inns and 3 mission
homes; 1914, 1 inn and 18 mission
homes.
God grant that growth intensively
may be as rapid as growth extensively.
We are in danger—a very real danger
of being swamped with numbers. Luke
xi. 2.
Booblapd.
“With the Bible in Brazil? By
Frederick C. Glass. (Illustrated
with a map.) (Morgan and Scott;
2s. 6d. net).
This is a story of life in Brazil, where,
for 15 years, the author has been at
work as a colporteur and missionary.
His adventures and experiences make
thrilling reading, as Rev. J. Stuart
Holden remarks in his “Foreword” to
the volume. The story of a modern
miracle is told—of a leper healed with-
out medical aid, of how a revolution is
“ managed ” in South America ; of
town-planning on novel and unusual
lines, of the author’s expedition into the
interior to the savage Caraja Indians—
who had never before seen a “ paleface.”
These are only extracts taken from a
book which is reminiscent of“ The Bible
in Spain.”
“ Though War Should Rise.” By Mrs.
Howard Taylor, China Inland Mis-
sion. (Morgan and Scott; 6d. net.)
A timely little book to place in the
hands of soldier or civilian. Quiet
meditations on well-known passages of
Scripture, suitable to “such a time as
this.” As the Rev. J. S. Holden says,
in his foreword, “ The immediate peace
and the ultimate security of God’s chil-
dren is in God Himself.”
Ferry near Ko Ku’ei. Disembarking. [/?ev• H. Parsons.
7


A Birthday
Letter.
AVING just passed what seems
one of the dividing lines in our
years, I send greetings to you
for tire time when you also may feel that
you are. crossing a similar line. Being
in advance of you, I can call back from
a mile-stone somewhat further ahead,
and tell you how the road seems to me.
I know quite well that sometimes the
way seems rough and difficult—dreary
and void of charm; and we may at
times wonder how our strength will last
out. But this mood comes upon us
when we are weary, and when we are
inclined to leave faith, hope, and love
outside our calculations. In our best
moments we may realise more truly what
our life is meant to be, air’d what it
really may be. We need sometimes a
new vision, a further revelation of God’s
purpose for us, and when we get this,
we shall have a new song upon our lips,
and in our hearts. I am sure that God
means our lives to grow in beauty, to
go from glory to glory. He does not in-
tend that all the good and valuable
treasures of life should pass from us
with the first flush of early youth. If
we live truly, the years should add more
than they take away. Our souls should
increase in strength, and in al’l good-
ness, until the “ beauty of the Lord ”
rests upon our faces, and upon all the
works of our hands, as well as the words
of our month. We should grow like
unto Him—the Altogether Lovely. True
loveliness should make our lives more
like the God of Love would have them
to be. If we will but have faith to
look up and press on, I am sure that
“The best is yet to be.” “No good
thing will He withhold from them that
walk uprightly.” “ Your Heavenly
Father knoweth that ye have need of all
these things.” If we will fully trust
God’s love and wisdom, I am sure that
He will order our lives infinitely better
From a Lady Missionary in China
to her Younger Sister in England.
than we ourselves could do. We can-
not see far enough, we cannot see truly
enough, to know what is our highest good.
Let us say from our hearts: “ I know
whom I have believed, and am per-
suaded that He is able to keep that
which I have committed unto Him against
that day.” “ I am persuaded that neither
death, nor life, nor angels, nor principali-
ties, nor powers, nor things present, nor
things to come, nor height, nor depth,
nor any other creature, shall be able to
separate us from the love of God.” “If
1 cannot realise my ideal I can, at least,
idealise my real.” (Gannett.) “ Thy
condition is but the stuff thou art to
shape that same ideal out of.” (Carlyle.)
“ The common problem—yours, mine,
and every one’s—is, not to fancy what
were fair in life, provided it •could be,
but finding first what may be, then how
to make it fair, up to our means—a very
different thing.” (Browning.) “ Be
thankful for the least gifts, so shalt thou
be meet to receive greater.” (Thomas
a Kempis). May this year bring to you
more true happiness than you have ever
known. In blessing others, may you
reap richest blessings in your own life.
“ The Lord bless thee and keep thee.”
“ The Lord shall be unto thee an ever-
lasting Light.” “The Lord of peace
Himself give you peace, by all means.”
I am sure that if we try to live in accord
with the thoughts I have expressed for
our mutual comfort, then we shall be
always renewing our youth. Our in-
terest in life need never slacken, our
hearts and spirits may retain the joy,
the freshness of youth, with an added
beauty from experience, right into old
age, if God shall leave us in this world
till then. I am afraid you will be quite
tired of my long sermon, so I must just
add the time-honoured wish: “ Many
haDpy returns,” and send my best love
and wishes to you. Your loving sister.
8


Cljipa’s Call to Prayer
for Peace Arpopg
tlje Nations.
By tbc Rev׳.
J. B. TURNER.
׳PIE following appeared in a Chinese
newspaper—the “ Kuo Chuan
Pao”—this week (October 3rd),
and has been translated and inserted in
the English daily paper published in
Peking.
A DAY OF PRAYER.
“ According to Scripture when people
come to extremity in their distress they
may call on God for help. Last year
when our National Assembly was in-
augurated the Churches of Peking called
for a day of prayer. They were joined
by the Christians of all nations. This
no lies. He would not have done it un-
less there was evidence of an answer
to prayer by God. Therefore it is hoped
that the President. Tsan Cheng, Chiefs
of Ministries and Boards, Chiang Chun,
Governors and all the people of this land
will join in prayer to God for the peace
of the world on the 4th inst.. the day
fixed by the churches.”
It will be of deep interest to Christian
people in England and an encourage-
ment to the many who fear with reason
that the spectacle of so many Christian
nations at war with one another will
hinder the progress of the Gospel in
Morning prayers at Ningpo College led by IYIr. Sze,
(Whose photo appeared last month, p. 255, 1914).
time on account of the war in Europe
the President of the United States has
appealed to the churches for a day of
prayer, desiring that peace be restored
as soon as possible. This day should
also be observed by the people of China,
because if the war should drag- on for an
indefinite period, it is almost impossible
for China to avoid danger. The na-
tional existence of China has been a
very long one. In ancient times when
there were troubles the Sage Emperors
used to appeal to God for help. Con-
fucius once said, ‘ I have always prayed ’
and ' should a man offend God he has
nowhere to go . for prayer.’ These are
heathendom. It will show at least that
there are those in China who have come
to the firm belief in man’s need of God
and in the efficacy of man’s appeal1 to
Him in great crises like the present.
But how humbling it should be to us
that China should have to pray for the
cessation of fratricidal strife among
Christian people. Have we so learned
Christ that we can find no better way of
adjusting national differences, however
deep seated, than this wholesale mutual
destruction ?
When we have said all we can in ad-
dressing Chinese as to the inevitable-
ness of this war and as to the righteous-
<×™


More Journeyings in Nosuland
ness of our British part in it, there must
still be left in their minds the feeling
that if Christianity has not taught us a
more excellent way it is not of such
value to them as we have represented it.
Not only for the sake of the countries
of Europe torn with war but also for
the sake of Christ’s cause injured here
by the news of it we hourly pray, “ Give
to us peace in our time, O Lord.”
The following, from the “ Peking
Gazette,” shows the President’s assent
and action :
President Wilson has asked for special
prayer to be held in the United States
on October 4th for the speedy coming
of peace.
The matter was laid before the Presi-
dent and Vice-President of China with a
view of having the Chinese people join
in this Day of Prayer. Both have ex-
pressed their cordial' approval and have
sent their representatives to arrange
with the Y.M.C.A., the Reform Bureau,
and the Christian Churdhes to have
special prayer, on October 4th, for world
peace. In addition to this a nation-wide
prayer-day was observed on October
28th in all parts of China to pray for
peace in Europe and Asia.
«Sje»

More Jourpeyipgs
ip Nosulapd.
nOT many days after the end of our
previous wanderings* we again
pack up our luggage, which in-
eludes bedding, paraffin oil, cocoa,
books, magic lantern, bread, medicines,
etc., and start out on the warpath.
It is not a very inspiring sort of day,
as it has been raining continuously for
twelve hours and shows no signs of
abating. But in Nosuland, it is use-
less to wait for fine weather, as our
weather clerk is a particularly mis-
chievous sort of person, and if he sees
you looking for fine weather he will
keep the rain going at full pressure.
But if you adopt a don’t-care-a-brass-
farthing attitude, and put your mackin-
tosh and leggings on and take your um-
brella and start off, then he gets vexed
and, turns a tropical sun on, just to
spite you.
Our destination is a Chinese city,
some say five, some say six stages
distant. The city itself has not been
evangelised yet, and that is sufficient
excuse for the journey. But in addi-
tion there are, in the district through
which we are to travel, many Nosu who
have often invited us to come and. teach
them. Colporteurs have been through
those parts and have made good sales of
Scriptures, etc., so the ground is partly
prepared.
* See p. 62, 1914,—Ed.
By tl>c
Rev. C. N. MYLNE.
So we get out and peg away in the
pouring rain for a few hours, until every-
one, missionary included, is drenched
to the skin. We do look a pretty crowd,
and if some photographer with a sense
of humour were to come along now he
could make his fortune ; but, fortunately
for our dignity, he doesn’t come.
It is said that an old-time Persian
King had a ring on which was engraved
the motto, “ This also will pass.” The
motto has helped us out on many a
weary journey (but is no good for the
toothache.) We whisper the motto to
Zammy, who is having a lively time,
now pirouetting on his near hindleg,
now sitting on his tail by way of variety,
while the poor rider remembers Gilpin.
However, after telling ourselves for
the ten thousandth time that “ this also
will pass ” we come in sight of our
destination, which is the home of Mr.
Nieh, B.A., and soon we are crouching
over a charcoal fire with bedding and
most of our clothing hanging round to
dry. With our party is a member of the
Universal Spring Church, a tall Nosu
who would look down with pity on the
diminutiveness of a British Life-Guard
The look on his face, as he sits drying
his clothes, plainly shows that he thinks
it is a poor idea to be out preaching the
Gospel in the rainy season.
We are glad that the next day is Sun4
day. as it gives the chance to rest and
10


More Journeyings in Nosuland
get everything thoroughly dry before
continuing the journey. On Monday
morning we set off again. The road is
׳ new to us all and is not a main road
as the Nosu are not found near the main
roads. After making careful enquiries
we decide that the day’s journey shall
be to Buffalo Place, which is a journey,
so we are informed, of about twenty-
seven miles. There seems to be no
resting-place nearer than this.
We climb up over two staggering hills
which lose their tops in the clouds, and
after going about fifteen miles, a halt
is called for lunch. After lunch we ask
the distance to Buffalo Place and are
told that it would not be ten miles away
now. So we are all very pleased and
we tell each other that now we shan’t be
long, and that we shall get in early, and
so forth. Poor misguided travellers!
Our road continues along the tops of
the hills for about five miles, and then
drops sheer down for another two miles,
and we find ourselves in a river gully
about ten yards wide, with steep walls
of rock on each side, and a temperature
like a baker’s oven.
Up this gully we go, clambering,
tripping, stumbling over boulders, on
and on for several miles (O where an׳*
O where is that Buffalo Place, O where
O where can it be!) Is it Jules
Verne in real life and are we bound for
the centre of the earth? We have al-
ready come fifteen miles since lunch and
where is that Buffalo Place? Also,
where is the wretchâ–  who told us that we
only had ten miles to complete the
journey? Presently we come to a place
where the gully widens out ana is
joined at right angles by another, which
is narrower and rockier than the one
we have come up by. A Chinese farmer
is standing near by and we enquire of
him the road to Buffalo Place. Evident-
ly he has not seen much of the foreign
devils, for he gasps on being addressed,
opens his mouth as wide as the jaws
will allow, says, “ Ah-ah-aahh!! ” and
runs for 'his life. A woman is also
standing near by, and we ask her as to
the road to Buffalo Place. She. is not
scared, but, pointing to the gully"on the
right hand she says in one breath, “ The
teachers must go up this road for a long
way and then turn off on to another
road and will the foreign teacher take
compassion on me as I have no food to
eat and no clothes to wear and nobody
takes any notice of me, and I have no
money and my son has run away and my
daughter has—” “Oh, yes,” we say,
“ we are very sorry for you, here is some
money to buy food with,” and we make
her a present of a sum of cash which
would be worth quite half a farthing,
and we are thanked as though it were a
munificent gift.
So now, Zammy, must put his best
leg forward as “ the shades of night are
falling fast,” and we are on a strange
road. We push on and by and by come
to yet a third gully which is narrower
still. We swing round to the left, and,
after a while, just as the darkness falls,
we reach Buffalo Place, with just enough
strength left to say “ How do ” to mine
host and no more. The pirate who told
us that we only had ten miles to go had
only made a trifling mistake of ten miles.
But in China, a mistake of ten miles is a
mere detail, providing that the other
man has to travel it. But ah! truly
A NO9U Family. [Rev. H. Parsons.
11


I
More Journeyings in Nosuland
mine host is a princely man. Soon the
supper is spread and the hearts of the
carriers are filled with a deep joy as
they see lumps of luscious fat pork
served up for their delectation. (For
ourselves we say, “ Next please! ”)
Then the bedding is unpacked, the
rugs are spread out and .... we remem-
ber nothing more until the crowing of
the cocks next morning awakens us, to
find ourselves lying on the bed fully
dressed. We had been so tired on the
previous evening—but what a silly thing
to do!
This morning we decide that to-day’s
journey must not be more than ten miles
at the outside, for if the carriers are
pressed too hardly they have an incon-
venient habit of dropping the baggage
and decamping, when it is well-nigh im-
possible to replace them at short notice.
We go to the house of a Nosu about
seven miles farther on. Our host was
once a wealthy man, but like many other
Nosu, he has spent his all in lawsuits,
fighting this one and that one, and in
the end the only ones to benefit are the
Mandarin and his underlings, while his
property is going to ruin. He receives
us politely, but without enthusiasm,
There is quite a village here, a most
unusual thing among the Nosu. But
not a soul will come near us, all be-
ing too much afraid of what the
foreigner might do to them.
And so we go on to the city, through
mud and slush, with sometimes a blue
sky above us, when we are glad, and
sometimes with torrents of rain, when
we are not. We pass a huge cave, used
as a temple and commodious enough, so
we are told, to lodge several hundreds
of people. It is a wild, rough׳ district,
where the people look at you with no
friendly glance, and will not stay to ex-
change a “ Good-day ” with you. In
this way, on the seventh• day out or the
sixth day of travel, we reach the city.
Tust. inside the city gate stood a
policeman (blessings on his head), and
he directed us, by a short cut, to an inn
on one of the side streets. Arrived, we
only allowed ourselves time to exchange
civilities with the proprietor and then we
made a dash for soap and water, towel
and razor, and half an hour of their as-
sistance helped to restore our self-
respect, which, for a day or so had been
on the wane.
When the carriers came hi we gave
them a little cash with which to buy some
meat, representing the height of luxury.
It was worth double the amount to see
the weary look fade from their faces at
the prospect of a good “ tuck in ” at that
most delectable of dainties—fat pork!!
After we have had evening meal,
which is tea and supper, combined, and
when the world seems a fairly nice place
(spite of rain, mud, lice, etc.), Mr. Wang
asks: “and what are the plans now?”
Well, we say, the best thing is that to-
morrow we sleep all day. The sugges-
tion is received with laughing approba-
tion. “Yes! ” says the practical one of
the party “ we shall save quite a nice
little sum, if we sleep all day to-morrow
and buy nothing to eat.” “ Silly! ” says
another one “ the teacher can’t go with-
out food all day.” But whether he was
really thinking of the teacher, or whether
he was afraid that there would be no
food on the morrow, is a question.
The guest hall of the inn was occupied
before we came so that all our party are
in one room. Only eleven of us, and
by and by you could have weighed the
atmosphere out in ounces.
While we are all sitting there chatting
about the events of the journey down, a
neighbour from just across the street
comes and stands inside the door. We
invite him to come and sit by the fire,
and after a while he does so. We ask
him, “his honourable name.” For a
moment, he looks at us with astonish-
ment, and turning to the rest of the
party he exclaims, “Why, he can speak
our words! ” “ F ancy that ” says one of
the carriers with mock seriousness, “ we
have been with the Teacher all this time
but we didn’t know that! ” The laugh-
ter that followed is lost on our friend,
Who cannot get over his surprise that a
Foreigner should be able to speak
Chinese, But 'he dare not trust his own
judgment, so he goes out and shortly
after returns with an old gentleman who
has evidently been asked to come and
give the final verdict. Every one rises
to receive the patriarch, and when all
are seated the inquisition commences.
(To be continued.)
12


Tlje Observatory.
THE EDITOR.
CLOUDS AND DARKNESS.
׳HE impenetrable gloom caused by
war, sorrow, death, is still hang-
ing over us, and we enter the
portals of 1915 with sad and stricken
hearts. And yet we look up with con-
fidence, for if “ clouds and darkness"
are round about us, “ Righteousness and
Judgment are the habitation of God’s
Throne.” The Allies are fighting a
moral battle, and, without hesitation,
we pray for victory. Husbands and
sons are representing us, and we pray
for them. Doctors and nurses are with
them, and we pray for them. And first,
last, and deepest, we pray
“ Give peace in our time, O Lord.”
A ROYAL CHRISTMAS CARD.
By the courtesy
of Messrs Raph-
ael Tuck & Sons,
we are permitted
to use an illus-
tration of the
Queen’s card,
which they are
publishing b y
Her Majesty’s
gracious perm is-
sion. The orig-
inal was painted
by Howard
Davie. It re-
presents Richard
Coeur de Lion
meeting his bride,
the beauteous
Berengaria, on
the coast of
Calabria and es-
corting her on
board the splen-
did galley he had
fitted up for her
reception. The
marriage was
celebrated May
12th, 1191.
PRAYER LIST.
The arrange-
ment of a series
of subjects for
private prayer
is under con-
sideration, and a report is to be pre-
sented to the Committee. We note
specially the remarks of the Rev. C. N.
Mylne in these pages in August last (p.
183). the article by the Rev. J. A. Bed-
ward in the “U.M.M. ” for November.
We shall be glad to have suggestions
from our readers.
STUDY CIRCLES.
The Foreign Missionary Committee
has had under its serious consideration
the necessity for an impetus being given
to the formation of study-circles in our
schools and churches, and a plan has
been made by which six studies of our
missions will be given during the
present year. The first will appear
next month.
The Queen’s Card.
7
13
t


Noteworthy Helpers.
104, 105. Nelly and Francis W. Morley,
daughter and son of Mr. W. Morley, church
steward at Mansfield Woodhouse, Mansfield.
Their excellent work is shown by the fol-
lowing list of amounts :
106. Miss Elsie Warner, Walham Grove,
l'ulham Circuit.
Francis.
Nelly
1903 ... 3 4 2
1904 ... 3 1 2
1905 ... 4 0 9
1906 ... 4 15 8
1907 ... 4 10 0
1908 ... 5 12 0
1909 ... 5 0 3
1910 ... 3 16 0
1911 ... 4 2 3
1912 ... 3 7 0
£41 9 3
1909 ... 0 14 4
1910 ... 0 8 3
1911 ... 0 14 10
1912 ... 1 2 3
1913 ... 5 12 0
1914 5 4 6
£13 16 2
—Sent by Mr. F. Willman, Mansfield, Cir-
cuit Missionary Secretary.
Miss Warner is now only 19 years of age,
soâ–  it will be seen she started her work for
Missions when quite young. She is as en-
thusiastic as ever, and the decrease in the
last two years is accounted for by the fact of
the removal of some of her subscribers, and
her own larger part in the world's work,
thus leaving her very little time.
1901
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
16 0
0 14 0
0 13 6
17 6
18 8
1 13 6
2 8 6
4 13
3 0 0
1 12 0
2 7 6
2 13 0
1 11 2
1 10 5
£26 7 0
—Per Mr. F. L. Berry', Missionary Sec.


By Mrs. KNIGHT.
Dear Friends,
WHILE wishing you a Happy
New Year I realize that some
of you may be mourning the
loss of loved ones, and you may feel
now that there are no more Happy New
Years for you. Many broken hearts
have found healing and comfort by ad-
dressing themselves to the task of com-
forting others, and once again we plead
the need of China and Africa’s heathen.
The motto “Your King and Country
Need You ” faces us everywhere, and
while responding tP that let us not dis-
regard the claims of the King of kings
who needs us to help Him carry out His
plan of saving the world. An incident
related by Mrs. Swallow, of Ningpo, in
a letter to our Foreign Correspondent,
will show how truly help is needed. She
writes: “ During the first eight days of
this month twenty new patients came
into our hospital, suffering from various
diseases. Amongst the number were
two little slave girls. One is the daugh-
ter of a man who trades in silk-worms.
His wife dying, he determined to sell his
eight-year-old girl. The sum of money
agreed on was thirty pieces of silver, the
price paid for Jesus. Her owners treated
her badly, and one day struck her in the
face, injuring her. Having done this,
they turned her out of doors. For four
nights she stowed herself away in Sedan
chairs, and during the day begged her
rice. A native policeman found her
and brought her to the Chinese Orphan-
age, which is only a few hundred yards
from us. They kept her there for a
time, and, theh seeing she was in need
of medical treatment, brought her to us.
She is trying to learn a hymn and a
prayer. So far she has made no attempt
to do any kind of work, but she is look-
ing much better and full of smiles. We
are glad we have a hospital scrap-album
to amuse her with. As I glanced at the
bed of the first of these domestic slaves
(whose story is told in the December
Monthly Missionary Letter) I read the
words ‘Fentiman Road.’ We closed
our school the last day of June. Dur-
ing part of the term Miss Song became
a pupil, she is thirty-five years of age,
and still a maiden. Her father is a de-
voted Christian and a man of means,
and like Job of old, he has given this
daughter an inheritance among her
brethren. She collects her rents and
looks carefully after her money. A
thrifty spinster. The Chinese think
that a woman who voluntarily chooses a
single life in order to do good attains a
higher ideal than an excellent wife, so
Miss Song is held in high honour.”
What is it? A study in black and white.
(Mr. Parsons’ little girl and a friend).
[Rev. H. Parsons.
15


Glimpses of Chao Tong
The Rev. S. Pollard writes :—
“To-day at the noontide service we
had four hundred people take the sacra-
ment, and to-night we have spent an
hour learning that beautiful hymn of
Newman’s “Lead, kindly light.” The
folk sang it very sweetly and nicely.
What a contrast to the fierce passion of
the battlefield! ”
MONTHLY PRAYER MEETING.
Hymns:
“ Standing at the portal of the
opening year.”
“ Jesus, where’er Thy people meet.”
“ I am Thine, O Lord: I have
heard Thy Voice.”
Scripture: Habakkuk ii. I—14
Prayer: For the fuller consecration of
our members. That wisdom may be
given for the carrying out of the work
of 1915.
That the war may not seriously im-
pede our work or reduce the Mission-
ary income.
1
Glirppses of
Cbao Topg.*
By Dr. LEWIS SAVIN.

ANY thanks for your kind letter
of some time ago. It was good
to get your words of cheer and
to know of the sympathy and prayers of
the Christian Endeavour Society of your
church for the Medical Missionary work
at C'hao-t’ong. If it were possible I
should be glad for the friends in your
society to see something of the work
they are helping to do in our Master’s
Name, but that cannot be. Could it be,
I am certain that all would agree that
their sympathy and prayers were not in
vain.
Our district at the present ,time is in a
disturbed state. Bands of robbers and
disbanded soldiers prowl about the
roads. The roads are very difficult to
police as they run through a very moun-
tainous country. A band of brigands,
said to number a thousand of well-
armed men, looted a mountain village
*Being an extract from a letter received from Dr. Savin by
the C.E. Society at Totterdown, Bristol, which maintains a
cot in the Chao Tong Hospital.
along the principal trade route, just
three days’ journey from this city. They
thought to find there a big caravan
carrying silver. It had left this city,
and was proceeding to the next pro-
vince. However, they missed the silver,
as the departure o'f the caravan was de-
layed a couple of days. The villagers
lost everything to the robbers; food,
fuel, clothing, and money.
In the city a mutiny broke out among
the soldiers. The people were panic-
stricken, fearing a general looting of
the shops. Before the mutiny could be
quelled several were killed and wounded,
while others made good their escape
from the city. Of those mutineers who
escaped, some have been recaptured
and their heads exposed upon the city
gates.
At our other Mission Station, Tong-
chuan, the Mohammedans have been
fighting among themselves. One fac-
tion of them threatened to kill all the
males belonging to the other, and many
scores were killed. Soldiers have had
to be drafted into the district to keep
order, but about 200 people have been
compelled to seek refuge in the city.
News comes to us of disturbances in
other parts of the province. We are
thankful for the safety and quiet we
have enjoyed in the midst of the
general unrest. The Christians up to
the present with one or two exceptions,
have been saved from persecution.
Thoughâ–  I have heard to-day that orders
have been given that the idols are to be
replaced in some temples that had oeen
given over to Christian uses.
I have been very busy with my
medical work during the past winter.
Over 10,000 people attended during last
year at the dispensary for medicines, be-
sides those who were treated in the hos-
pital. Just at present we are passing
through a severe epidemic of measles,
which has fallen heavily upon the
scholars of our boys’ and girls’ schools,
and our beds have been filled with cases
since the beginning of the school year.
The patients have much appreciated the
clean beds and bright rooms of the hos-
pital.
I pray that you may realize abundant-
ly the blessing and presence of Our
Lord.
16


El Dorado in East Africa
But, however you manage it, when you
have opened the oyster the pearl is
there.
Or, if I may change the simile, Meru
lies deep-set in a ring of rugged moun-
tains almost unbroken, like an emerald,
the green of its pastures and crops like
a living smile flashing back the prodigal
rays of the sun. It is three half-years
since I first came out of the cool depths
of the forest at midday and beheld the
beneficent vision, and yet the impres-
sion has not been erased. Indeed, a
longer acquaintance with the country
has fixed its spell. There is a great
deal of the homing nature about me;
my Zion is and ever will be Britain, and
I envy the very birds the swiftness of
their flight. But, only that I might
pass to and fro; for all of my heart that
is not in the Motherland is in Meru.
I hope to travel far, before I have done,
and to see other lands, but never can I
hope to surpass this place in beauty.
England is home, ever endeared by
childhood and youth’s remembrances.
A Man of Meru
[.Photo: Mr. F. Mimtnack
Away from England are those to
whom, under God, 1 owe my life, and
the land of their adoption, dear though
yet unseen, calls strongly. But Meru,
infinite in beauty, is the land where the
God of Abraham said: “This is the
land of which I told thee ; here lie thy
work, thine increase, and inheritance.”
Imagine a huge landscape after
Turner, whose distances are suggested
rather than painted. But here Nature
has beaten the painter, combining the
lure of mountain and river and forest
and even the sea. It is a conceit of
mine that in ancient days the sea was
here, running up creeks that now are
verdant valleys ; that the hill whereon
we dwell was once an island. Some-
times at night time the clouds descend
again into the valleys, and it is as
though the sea had returned. The
rocky promontories are there, which are
tops of ridges above the dwellings of
men, and the vapour billows and foams
upon them like surf. The bay is dotted
with little islets, and here and there are
quiet corners where the boats
might come home to sleep. The
road you walk upon is near the
margin, the sea is soundless—and
it is all a dream. Yet even in the
fulness of the day the illusion
sometimes returns. The distant
plains are like a mighty shore,
and far away is the melting of
sky into the great water—only it
is the plain. Is it the ghost of
the sea come back to haunt the
place where it was when the
world was young?
Our climate, too, for about
eight months of the year is ideal.
You never have time to tire of one
kind of weather before it changes,
and yet ft is usually dependable.
It takes no such liberties as our
old friend at home, and you al-
ways get sufficient warning to
save you from a wetting. The
soil is rich and deep. It is owing
to this combination that we get
the second feature of our scenery
—tall stately trees, which clothe
the land. And where the trees
are there are the birds which fly
in and out among the branches and
cheer the evening with their song.
(Highly ornamented.)


El Dorado in East Africa
There is the fascination of the forest
here.
We have also mountains and rivers.
Great Kenia* dominates all like a silver
â– crowned king, and there are hills that
as the evening approaches shade away
in sombre colours of purple and gold ;
and are among the most impressive
sights I have ever seen. There are
rivers also, and some well-stocked with
fish, some roaring torrents, some cool
little streamlets with no pride and no
thought but service. The country is
beautiful, it is well watered, crops are
abundant, droughts most infrequent,
here where we live miles above the rest
of the world.
Nature, it is often said, works on the
principle of compensa-
tion, so that the lot of
the world (so far as
Nature can ensure it) is
not too unequal. I have
therefore to admit that
even here we have not
lost acquaintance with
things that are of the
earth, earthy. I have
been reminded by a
high authority in the
house that the presence
of rats, and often fleas,
in the house places our
condition a good deal
below Paradise. But
these we have already
largely exterminated;
and when they are
gone, what?
Our warfare is against the darkness
which envelops the lives of these people.
In our little grey homeland so far away,
where often the street lamps are lit at
mid-day, we have light. Here׳, in spite
of the sun in its far greater splendour
we have darkness, so close and thick
and black that sometimes it seems to
invade even our own souls. Nature in
a kindly mood gave beauty where know-
ledge and truth were withheld. In a
land of surpassing splendour lives have
yet to attain the beauty of holiness.
And how can loveliness of place or form
.* Mr. Mimmack has taken a photograph of the distant
"towermg 17,500 ft.) by the aid of a telescopic lens,
and has sent to us the plate, to be retouched by a profes-
sional: but even after this it gives no adequate idea, and
regretfully we have put it aside.—Ed.
compensate for loveliness of spirit? We
are here, harbingers of light and truth,
to make up a deficiency which Nature,
having done her best, cannot supply.
We hold then a plot of five acres on
the edge of the population, and that,
with our homes of rushes and logs, and
our school and buildings of mud are our
fortress for God. And in that fortress
we prosecute our campaign of peace.
We have brought cleanliness, enlighten-
ment, industry, and above all, the
Gospel, to challenge dirt, superstition,
idleness, and ignorance. “ Kinyninjuri ”
they called Mr. Griffiths when he came
to put up the first of the buildings, in
reference to the fact that he built out-
side the populated area. And thus our
Meru Government Station. [.Photo : Mr. F. Mimtnack•
[District Commissioner’s house in background.]
method was determined for us. It is
that of a siege, investing the lives of the
people with everything that is better
than what they have, watching with all
patience and striving with all strength
by word and example, by ministration
and reproof to conquer the opposing
forces for our Lord Ghrist.
Thus we stand, introduced to your
â– notice, a rich promise in a marvellous
setting. And God will be better than
the promise seems, for we have neither
wisdom nor imagination to read it fully.
The way is prepared by faith: the faith
of pioneers who have given their lives
for Africa; the faith of you who sent to
the help of the Lord against the
mighty; of all who love goodness and
19


More Journeyings in Nosuland
other means fail, His work can be sus-
tained and strengthened.
The Gospel still triumphs among the
Miao folk. In a recent journey, of
which we hope a fuller account will be
forthcoming, Mr. Hudspeth baptized
over 200 people in one day, and when
the tour was finished he had added
about 400 to the number of baptized
Christian Miao.
Coining Rev. G. T. Candlin,
and Going. D.D., terminated his brief
furlough on January gth
and sailed for China per the P. and O.
S.S. “ Medina” An enthusiastic meet•
ing at Fentiman Road bade him farewell.
It hqs been a great joy to his old
friends, and likewise to a large number
of new ones, to see and hear Dr. Cand-
lin. His record extends to the early
days of the mission in North׳ China, a
record in whiefh loyalty, fidelity, and
ability have won the highest esteem of
all who know him. We pray that his
More Jourpeyipgs
in Ncsulapd. (Continued).
’HE old gentleman gravely as-
sures us that all the people in
the city are deeply sensible
of the honour we have paid them
by condescending to come to their
squalid, poverty-stricken little village,
and he begs us not to take offence or to
feel hurt at the bad manners of the
people in these parts, who are all an ex-
ceedingly rude and ignorant mob and
unworthy to meet with a gentleman like
ourselves.
This sort of conversation wants some
living up to, so when the flow of honori-
fics has slackened somewhat, we ask the
patriarch as to his honourable name and
his honourable locality, also his honor-
able lots of other thines. We ask him
how many exalted and gifted sons he
has, and he replies: “ Four little dogs.”
(The conversation seems to be somewhat
mixed surely ? Not at all! it is merely
the custom, and, maybe, this is the ori-
gin of the expression that So-and-so
is a gay young dog!)
And so for an hour we talk on and
ministry in China may continue with
unabated vigour for many years toâ– 
come. He is engaged in the important
task of training the preachers of the
future, a task in which his special
ability and experience find ample scope.
He will sorely miss from his side theâ– 
sustaining presence of the late Mrs.
Candlin, and we pray that he may be
more graciously conscious of the sus-
taining help of the abiding Comforter.
Dr. Robson will remain to complete
his post graduate course in Londonâ– 
-and will leave for China in the middle•
of March.
Mrs. F. J. Dymond, who parted from
her six children to return to Yunnan
with her husband in 1910, her daugh-
ter Dorothy and Miss L. O. Squire,
B.A., left Hongkong on December i8th,
and were due to arrive in Plymouth on
January 21st.
We pray that these friends may re-
ceive all journeying mercies.
By the
Rev. C. N. MYLNE.
we envy this ignorant old man his flow
of easy politeness, always natural and
self-possessed, with an appropriate re-
mark for every turn of the conversation.
When hie rises to make his parting bow
we present him with a Gospel and a
Picture Tract, and immediately he has-
gone we all tumble into bed congratulat-
ing ourselves with the׳ thought, that on■
the morrow we are not under the neces-
sity of rising with the lark, but can in-
dulge in the luxury of an extra half-
hour’s snooze.
But there is no rest for the wicked,
though. he be disguised as a mission-
ary, for, right at daybreak next morn-
ing there is׳ a hammering at the door,
and a crowd has come for tracts and
books. The tract and book given to
our visitors of last evening has been
shown round and the word has been
passed on that a foreigner has come who
can “ speak Chinese words.” So every-
one runs to find a few cash and they all
trot round to see this freak from the
barbarian lands across the sea.
22


The International Review of Missions
And thus, from dawn till nearly
midnight we were kept hard at it,
not being able to find time even to
eat. All the party were kept busy ;
even the carriers, usually lazy and
indifferent were excited by the
general bustle and came and helped
to sell books. In fact they were
so busy that frequently they had
no time to put the cash received
from sales into the missionary’s box
but slipped it into their own pockets.
It was real kind of them to take
care of our money in that way, and
when we came to reckon up we
found that they had been so rush-
ing busy that they had clean for-
gotten how many cash they had
helped us to take care of.
Anyway, that day’s work was a
magnificent sowing and some time
we shall see the result of it.
After staying a day or so we set
our faces homeward, but by a dif-
ferent route from that by which we
arrived. The road is nearly as
treacherous as an Irish bog, but
there is a blue sky overhead and
travelling is most enjoyable. After
a pleasant journey of four days
we reach a Chinese city about which we
wrote on a former occasion, this being
the place where we were nearly torn to
pieces by a crowd of people anxious to
have books and tracts given them. On
this occasion also the people are just as
excited at our coming and the demand
for tracts and books continues till long
after dark. The next morning we are
preparing to visit a few places not far
from this city, when a man comes in
bringing a letter. He has been sent by
the teacher at headquarters, and the
letter brings no good news. It says:
“ Please Teacher will you come home at
once as thieves have got into your
house, broken open all your boxes and
stolen everything you had.”
We are two days’ journey away, and
the next day is Sunday. So we turn
homewards and on Monday get to head-
quarters. We were hoping that this
affair would serve to bring to light some
budding Sherlock Holmes who would
discover the thieves for us.
P.S.—It didn’t!
[Rev. H. Parsons.
A Nosu woman and her son.

Tljc Iptcrpatiopal Review
of Missions.*
LWAYS a distinctive and wel-
come feature of the January
number is the Editor’s review of
the year in the Mission Field. This
time it occupies 54 pp. and is as deeply
interesting and useful as ever. From
Japan to China, to India and Ceylon,
through the Moslem World and Africa
generally, then away to other fields, as
e.g., Jewish Missions, and he returns to
the Home base.
Dr. Arthur Smith contributes an ar-
tide on “ The Christian Church in
Changing China,” which reveals a wide
experience, and finishes on an optimistic
note.
The series on “ The Home ministry
and Foreign Missions ” is continued by
contributions by a Yorkshire vicar, a
French pastor and an American Professor.
The review, thought slightly less than
its predecessor of a year ago, is full of
valuable and useful material.
* Price 2s. 6d. net. Annual subscription, post free to any
part of the world. 8s. (Oxford Press, London).
23


Tbc late
Mrs. Capdlip.
׳HE hearts of all the members of
our Mission in North China go
out in sympathy with our dear
old friend and colleague, Rev. G. T.
Candlin, in the bereavement which has
come to him during his furlough in Eng-
land, and while far away from the mem-
bers of his family who have settled
in the country of his adoption. And it
is well that at this time it should be
placed on record how much the mission
has owed to Mrs. Candlin’s devotion.
She so׳ little obtruded herself and the
work she did upon the public notice that
in our community in England her name
is far less associated than it ought to be
with our most successful work.
It is generally felt that in our Mission
operations in North China the most en-
couraging feature is our Girls’ School in
Lao׳ Ling. It is less known that we are
now very largely reaping what Mrs.
Candlin has sown.
Others have helped forward this
work and have found the means for its
continuance and extension and for the
provision of its excellent premises • but
we must look for its origin to the long
years of faithful work done by Mrs.
Candlin amongst the girls and women
of Chu Chia, and done under very diffi-
cult conditions.
For in those early years of her ’mis-
sionary life Mrs. Candlin had a young
family growing ud around her, and for a
long period she was cut off from all as-
sociation with other English ladies.
When I arrived in Chu Chia in 1887
and joined the Candlins there, she was
the only Englishwoman within a radius
of two or three days’ journey.
These conditions generally depress
and discourage energy : they stimulated
Mrs. Candlin to exertion, and long be-
fore it was possible to' appoint a lady
missionary or organize a girls’ school on
a permanent basis she was conducting
weekly meetings for women and classes
for girls from which has sprung our
present excellent women’s work in that
region.
In Tientsin and in Tong Shan in
later years she was not less active and
eager, but the present writer came into
A Further Tribute.
By the Rev.
F. B. TURNER, Tientsin.
less close touch with her work in these
circuits than in that in Shantung.
And her labours were most effective,
for she had the gift of speech both in
English ,and in Chinese: it may be
safely said that no lady on the mission
has acquired so good a knowledge of
both׳ written and spoken Chinese as
Mrs. Candlin.
So that she being dead yet speaketh
and her works do follow her: she will
be long remembered with affection both
by the many Chinese women whom she
has led into the light and by the members
of the mission amongst whom her days
have been spent.
He is our Peace.
He is our Peace, and peace He gives, pro-
claiming ever blest
Each one who to His glory lives, who has
His name confess’d.
Possessing peace in Him, Its Lord, we long
at peace to be
With all who love His sacred Word and share
His liberty.
Our puerile diff’rences we sink deep In His
boundless love,
And seek with one accord to think, as
heavenward we move.
Yet not content to be at peace with brethren
dear, alone,
We yearn for senseless wars to cease, with
service to atone
For all the errors of the past, and haste the
coming age—
The age of love that e’er shall last, our
blood-bought heritage;
The age of Christ, when He shall reign, and
strife for ever cease,
And all the world be one again, beneath the
Prince of Peace.
Norwich. C. D. ALOIS.
24


Past apd
Presept.
W1
j HEN last I wrote you* I closed
my letter somewhat abruptly,
having been interrupted in the
same by one of my fairly numerous
visitors. Sometimes I have to leave my
sanctum for an interview with a minister
on church matters ; at another time, to
hear the story of an out-of-work, and
then write a letter of recommendation
to one of the firms ; or attend to other
minor matters that come my way. Only
yesterday a young man came for an in-
terview, who was in Liege from the out-
break of the war until the 16th of Sept.
He had been allowed to leave the city
with the British Consul, by way of the
Meuse, through Vise, to Maastricht,
thence to Flushing, Folkestone, and
then was sent home by the Government
to Sierra Leone.
When I was writing to you the last
time, I was about to tell you a little
*See p. 275, 1914.
Another Letter
from West Africa.
By the Rev.
A. E. GREENSMITH
more of the old slave prizes that were
brought here from the inlets along the
West Coast, and from the high seas, in
the days of the dark past.
The average number of slave-ships
brought here in the forties of last cen-
tury, for a period of nine years was 32.
Some of them when brought in were full
of miserable human freight, and in such
cases, the Commission Courts had no
difficulty in deciding whether or not
such a vessel should be condemned;
but very frequently slavers were
caught before they had secured
a cargo, and then the case for
the Court was a more difficult pro-
position. In these cases, notwithstand-
ing every palpable proof of the nature
of the vessel, it was remarkable how the
captain and seamen would deny at their
examination that they were on a slaving
expedition, and would even employ coun-
sel to defend their cause. They pro-
tested against the legality of the cap-
A Motley Group at a Street Corner, Freetown. [Rev. A. E. Greensmith.
25


Past and Present
ture, particularly if the vessel were a
Brazilian, as they adapted the wording
of our treaty with Brazil, as if a slaver
were liable to confiscation only when
seized with slaves on board.
The articles of equipment, specified
by our treaty with Spain as giving cause
for detention of vessels sailing under
the flag of that country, were—a slave-
deck laid, or a quantity of planks fit to
be used for that purpose ; shackles and
handcuffs ; bolts or bars, used for secur-
ing the hatchways; hatchings with
open gratings, so as to give air to
the slaves between decks; a larger
quantity of farina and rice, of water
and water-casks, and of mess-kits or
wooden bowls, than is required for the
crew ; also a very large boiler, beyond
the requirements of the crew itself.
The slave-dealers, however, substi-
tuted mats, or even grass strewn on the
top of water-casks, for a slave-deck, or
sometimes sand or hides, little woven
baskets instead of mess-kits; a great
many small cooking utensils in place of
the interdicted boiler. Then yams, In-
dian corn, coarse biscuits in large quan-
tities, rendered the required quantity of
farina and rice less, while often during
the chase, slave-irons and other sus-
picious articles, with sometimes flags
and. papers besides, were dumped over-
board.
(This reminds me that when the
“ Professor Woermann ” sighted the
H.M.S. “ Carnarvon,” the other day,
there was an immense amount. of in-
criminating stuff thrown overboard, be-
fore the English officers boarded her.
This was observed by an Englishman,
who was on the “Professor”)
Such were some of the subterfuges
adopted by these wicked men to avoid
an adverse judgment in the Commission
Courts here. Even the word “ slave,”
was carefully avoided in the correspond-
ence found on board these prizes, and
all pains taken, by ambiguous wording,
to mislead and deceive the captors into
the belief that the lading destined to be
shipped was a legal one. They talked
of a cargo of “ salt,” “ palm-oil,” “ coun-
try cloths,” “ camwood,” or “ wax, ivory,
and gold-dust.” “ Bales,” used to be a
favourite and common name for slaves,
until the real significance became too
well-known. Fortunately, these ar-
tifices of the slave-dealers usually
proved insufficient to avoid condemna-
tion. Some of the vessels were sold
after being condemned, while some
others were broken up in a bay, a mile
and a half away from here.
In this' page of history one gets a
glimpse of the magnificent work done
by the British Government in bygone
days, and the strenuous endeavours we
made to right some of the wrongs that
we had previously inflicted upon this un-
happy land.
We had the “Highflyer” in the har-
bour for a few days. A Primitive
Methodist brother found his way to our
service last Sunday night, and expressed
his joy and delight in being able to join
in worship. He told me he hoped that
his ship would be at home for Christ-
mas, meaning that he thought the war
might be over by then, but I told him
I was under the impression he would be
fortunate to get home the Christmas
after.
The foundation stonelaying ceremony
of the new Jehovah day-school took
place a few days ago.
Mr. Leigh had organized the affair
well, and as the result he netted £132
and expected another That is ex-
ceedingly good, seeing that times are
pretty hard all round just now. You
will bear in mind that much of the
money subscribed on these occasions
comes from outsiders, or rather, to be
more explicit, from members of other
communions.
Thus do we work and pray, and
Africa, I firmly believe, will rise in
every way. But the patience, patience,
patience, that is required! Pray for us!
«=Jc»
26


Alternative C.E.
Topics for 1915•
CKJE IS SI ON ARY enthusiasts will
I VI note with &reat satisfaction that
Ö¾* ' * the C.E. Topics for 1915, in-
elude six on Foreign Missions. The sub-
jects chosen by the National Endeavour
Council are of wide interest and cannot
fail to profit students. Our own Mis-
sionary tlome Organization Committee
has, however, decided to suggest that
United Methodist Endeavour Societies
should take alternative subjects relat-
ing to our missionary enterprise. The
suggestion is made in no narrow de-
nominational spirit. Missionary in-
terest should begin with our own work.
When we know our own work better we
shall be more eager to know and sym-
pathise with the efforts of other
churches. Of the six missionary
studies, five will be based on the
Editor’s excellent manual, “ Coast and
Hinterland in Africa ”: but it has been
thought wise to begin with a brief
sketch of our missions in general.
WHERE WE WORK.
It is not possible, either in this article
or in one meeting of the Endeavour
Society, to give anything more than the
briefest sketch of the history and
spheres of our work. It must be suf-
ficient to name the fields and the time
of their entry.
The Foreign Missions were founded
in Jamaica (1838), North China and
West Africa (1859), East Africa (1861),
South-East China (1864), and South-
West China (1885). (The churches in
Jamaica are now self-supporting and
self-governing). Thus it appears that
for seventy-six years the U.M.C. has
been seeking to fulfil its Lord’s march-
ing orders. ’
In each field we have had “ saints,
apostles, and martyrs,” To name a
few would be to do injustice to many.
We have witnessed wonderful triumphs.
A marvellous awakening amongst the
Miao tribes in South-West China added
3,000 members to our mission in two
years. And we have sorrowed over
great disasters. We entered Mendiland,
West Africa, in 1892, and the work
amongst real heathen seemed ideal: but
the whole mission â– was swept away, na-
tive ministers and people were killed,
By the Rev.
J. BARRETT.
and our missionary barely escaped withÖ¾
his life, in the rebellion of 1898.
HOW WE WORK.
The missionary is essentially a man
sent to seek and save. How many-
sided his work is we do not always
realize. His aim is to save souls, but
his mission carries him farther than we
think. To save souls he must often
heal sick bodies, enlighten dark minds,
and teach men the dignity of labour.
Hence to our evangelistic work we add
medical, educational, and industrial
missions. In China consecrated Chris-
tian women are doing 1heroic work in
homes and day-schools for the
neglected women and girls; capable
young Chinamen are being trained in 1
the atmosphere of Christian colleges
and by Christian teachers. Our day-
schools in Africa are giving negroes a
chance they have never 1had, and Our
missionaries the opportunity of enlisting
dusky warriors on the side of the Lord.
To our medical work in China we
owe an unpayable debt. In many
cases the sick soul has been reached
through the healed body. Our in-
dustrial work in East Africa helps to
support the general work and teaches
the African to be self-respecting and
self-supporting “ I am become all things
to all men that I may by all means save
some.” The passage finds a fine illus-
tration in the missionary who is doctor,,
educationalist, and industrial worker,
that 'he may have added opportunities
of preaching the everlasting Gospel.
HOW WE STAND.
“ Minutes ” are illuminating docu-
ments: figures are only dry-as-dust
when not studied. Page 156 in Minutes
of Conference (1914) gives a summary
of wbrk in Foreign Districts. Every
column t^lls a story and points a moral.
M Members.
«5 §>.2 ’3 is U V) feQ ט> 43 o 1 ק 43 u c 3 5״ h ° <ע o rt o ■5 g 3 OWt m (3 O "w CO ׳ s aj 3 c/5 t-< O *3 a 0 Co שיב4 SH QJ r• S 0
Tientsin ... 66 144 7 3281 290 886
Ningpo 45 0 3 1274 144 689
Wenchow... 46 182 5 3191 — 7008
Yunnan 41 48 7 4805 1024 9474
East Africa 14 5 4 525 123 6
West Africa 21 8 1 2482 1321 528


Noteworthy Helpers
Do not read merely the figures. Get
at the facts behind the figures. Re-
member that every church is a haven of
refuge for weary souls, every mission-
ary a pioneer who has sacrificed much
in order to annex the territory of the foe
to the Kingdom of His Lord, and every
convert a light shining in a,dark place.
Let it be said, too, to their glory and
our shame, that the converts from
heathenism are often far more eager for
the salvation of their brethren than we
at home are.

Noteworthy Helpers.
107. Mr. H. A. Neath, Box, Bath Circuit.
How is this for a record of a juvenile col-
lector who is over 70 years of age, and wÖ¾ho
has the following list to his credit? We are
proud of him. He has collected regularly and systematically for thirty-two years.
£ s. d.
1882 0 5 2
1883 0 8 0
1884 0 12 6
1885 0 13 1
1886 0 15 3
1887 0 19 1
1888 1 4 9
1889 1 6 6
1890 1 9 0
1891 1 11 0
1892 1 7 2
1893 1 5 7
1894 1 0 10
1895 1 6 0
1896 1 6 1
1897 1 7 0
1898 1 7 0
1899 1 7 1
1900 1 1 4
1901 1 4 4
1902 1 2 8
1903 1 6 3
1904 1 6 6
1905 1 5 3
1906 0 18 5
1907 0 19 6
1908 , 0 12 1
1909 0 10 0
1910 0 ... ׳ 10 3
1911 0 11 1
1912 0 12 2
1913 0 13 6
Grand Total ... £32 4 5
—Per Rev. J. M. Ward.
We regret that Mr. Neath would not con.
sent for his photograph to appear.—Ed.
108. Philip Middleton, Walton, Wakefield.
Philip was 3 years old in June last. His
first missionary box opened this year con-
tained £3 3s.
His parents are enthusiasts in Missions;
the father is a local preacher. We handed
in from our little village chapel last year a
record sum of ;£20 net.
—Per Mr. E. C. Denton,
Missionary Secretary.
108. Philip Middleton.
28


Miss S. Gertrude Ford’s
New Bool)?
A Review.
7W
ISS S. GERTRUDE FORD
needs no introduction to
readers of the MISSIONARY
Echo. We have listened, from time to
time, in these pages, to the music of her
verse, and are therefore prepared to
weloome with the warmth of friendship
the little volume that now comes into
our hands. "Poems of War and
Peace? as the title suggests, is a col-
lection of verse, twenty-one poems in all,
obviously inspired by the fact that “the
wings of War” hover hawk-like, “a
poised and circling doom,” over the
nations.
“Twenty centuries! A scar
Like a brand on each is set :
Twenty centuries of war,
And the world, from sea to sea, -is warring
yet.”
The sense of the pain of this wonder
runs like a tense Ö¾ nerve through all the
book.
“While men say, ‘ It is nought,’ or ‘ It is
needful,’
What says the Saviour Christ?” .
Now and again the martial note is
struck, as in the stirring lines, “ The
Sound of the Trumpet ”—
“Arm We, 'fight we,! strongly smite we
For the house that is our own! ”—
but the larger number of poems weave
a mist of tears and bring out vividly the
mad incongruity of things. As is to be
expected we get the woman’s point of
view, a note of passion in the poem,
“ The Soldier’s Mother ” :
“They say I should but weep for joy
Because the hero’s death he died.
Alas! I can but see my boy
With â– that black wound along his side.
“Died for his country’s need? O yes!
Men made the war ; mere women we,
Born to accept and acquiesce.
But how long, Lord, shall these
things be?
Life for a life ’—shall this be said
Never where myriad murders loom?
O, had we made the laws, we had made
The War-lord’s as the Traitor’s doom !
* “ Poems of War and Peace.’
net. (Erskine Macdonald.)
By S. Gertrude Ford. Is.
“O men, whose kingdom was the world,
The home, ye said, sufficed for us.
See it in flaming havoc hurled!
Temples we reared ye shatter thus! ”
It' is to be hoped that Miss Ford’s
volume will command a wide circulation,
since, apart from its intrinsic value, all
profits on the sale will be given to the
British Red Cross Society.
E. F. H. C.
Tl?e Observatory.
THE EDITOR.
PAPERS FOR WAR-TIME.
G'
xxuwpiii'ty xvxmuxu, 10 me
series of “ Papers for War-Time ”
under the editorship of the Rev. W.
Temple, M.A. From the standpoint
of this magazine (and perhaps in-
trinsically) the very best of the series
is Mr J. H. Oldham’s “ The Decisive
Hour: Is it Lost ? ” If any of our
readers have, a tendency to hang harps
upon willows, the reading of this will
surely make them tune them afresh. “ Is
anything too hard for God ? ” Mr. Old-
ham says “ No! ”
A THOUGHTFUL OFFER.
For some time we have had before us
the offer of the loan of copies of the
World Conference Reports (1910). But
as the next exchange is June we have
kept it back a while. Here is the offer:
“ Anyone undertaking to preach,
speak, or teach therefrom is entitled
to a set for six months carriage free
both ways. The dates for exchange
are June 1st and December 1st.
Applications for the next exchange
should be sent in as soon as possible.×´
This is a commendable movement on
the part of a good friend, who desires
passionately that Missions may be
studied. And his name is Mr. L. H.
Ensor. 62 Myrtle Street, Bradford.
29
A


Foreign Secretary’s Notes
leader of the recent attempt to make
Confucianism the state religion was Dr.
Ch’en Huan-chang a graduate of
Columbia University. The strongest
tendency at present among the student
class is toward agnosticism. The writ-
ings of Herbert Spencer and Haeckel
are very popular. At the University
of Tokyo where many Chinese receive
their education Dr. Gamewell reports
that out of 4,966 students, 6 enrolled
themselves as Confucianists, 60 as
Christians, 300 as Buddhists, 1,000 as
atheists and 3,000 as agnostics.
us a Gospel of peace. And we cannot
answer them. But in spite of it all the
Lord is with us, and during my last
journey I baptized 406 people. It
was the finest experience I have ever
had in my life, and it will never be
forgotten. In one centre 1 baptized 223,
in a second 85, in a third 45, and in a
fourth 53.* There were men and women
and boys and girls of all ages, and many
finished up the day with a good cry. These
people have a keen sense of sin and some
of them realized what it meant to Jesus
Christ to suffer on the cross. As I heard
one of our preachers put it the other day :
It wasn’t the cruel nails which pierced His
A Lesson in Physics at Ningpo College. [Per Mr. H. S Redfern.
Baptisms Rev. W. H. Hudspeth׳ re-
Among cently made an extended
the Miao. tour to visit the Miao
preaching centres and
experienced the joy of baptizing many
who had embraced the Christian faith.
These simple Christians cannot under-
stand why it is that Christian nations
are at war. Mr. Hudspeth says
“Without a doubt the faith and teach-
ing we have brought to these people is
being shaken to its foundations. Why?
why ? they ask, does your country make
war since you have come here to teach
hands, but it was the faithlessness, of His
disciples which caused Jesus Christ His
greatest pain and suffering.”
Dr. Dr. Robson with his wife
Robson’s and little daughter will
Departure. sail from London on
March 6th per P. and O.
steamer direct to Shanghai Dr.. Rob-
son has been most unsparing of himself
in his services as deputation, and many
will long remember his stirring ad-
dresses. We pray that they may have a
prosperous journey.
* The full story of this gracious visitation will appear
next month.—Ed.


36


El
ip
Dorado
East Africa.
II.—The People.
A Descriptive SIfetcb> Iptro-
ducii)$ the Wameru.
By tbc Rev. R. T. WORTHINGTON.
“Ifertt, whose great Zion Britain's sons call El Dorado."—Adapted from Milton.
TÖ¾) ETWEEN our little station and
the nearest village there is a
great, high, strong, and yet, at
first, invisible wall, in which are several
gateways. Probably, from the inside,
that wall is more vulnerable than it
seems to us, for the people pass out
freely to us, while we, in trying to get
to them, are continually brought up
short. Not but what we have found a
way occasionally to the other side ; but
here is a strange thing about the wall:
to-day you may pass it, either chan-
cing on a gateway or scrambling over
it; to-morrow, you may try the same
way, to find it completely blocked.
Someone or something is continually at
work strengthening it, changing the
openings, guarding the portals. Several
things we have found out about it: it
is far less a bar to the native than to
us, but both native and stranger need
what may be termed a divining-rod
with which to discover the way.
Sometimes simple curiosity, or various
kinds of need have served them well.
We, for our part, have chosen simple
friendliness which, though it often has
to be used with patience, is never used
in vain. It is the
wall of native pre-
judice of which I
speak, a structure
strong, built of an
admixture of ig-
norance, fear, and
a kind of imagin-
ation in which
there is only
distrust of the
things a n t i c i-
pated. We hope
to see that wall
in ruins some
day, but the at-
tack must come
from the inside,
and it is slow
work massing our
forces there.
It falls within
the scope of this
sketch to tell a little of what we have
seen on the occasions when we have
penetrated beyond the wall. Only a
little, for this subject will1 expand itself
into more than one article and will be
found combined with the fortunes of
the people on our side of the wall.
On their own side they sit in little
circles round fires in the midst of the
villages; on the whole a fine heartsome
lot of people. To say that all do not
reach to their highest standard is only
to say they are a community of the
human genus. “ God’s image in
ebony ” ; and not only in ebony but in
many shades of brown. There are
faces that seem to defeat and absorb
the light like inferior coal, and others
that reflect it. Bright faces and dull
faces, and after all I wonder whether
the negro face has not quite as much
capacity for expression as those of our
own colour. There are faces that are
scarce restrained by fear from express-
ing the most evil things, and faces that
at least suggest that their owners are
barbarian saints. And there are true
hearts beneath unpleasing exteriors.
So far not unlike London, vou will sav.
37


Pastor Zing of the Wenchow Mission
advances. It is new to them to come
into contact with those who have an
unfeigned interest in them, and who
seek only their good. But among them
there are already some signs of an
awakening interest, a desire to know
more of us. As we go on to gratify
that desire and to minister to their need,
we make noâ–  doubt that we shall dis-
cover their hearts and find that they
have links with our own, which were
made in heaven, and that God Him-
self has sent us unto them with the
evangel of world-wide and eternal
brotherhood and love.
(To be continued,.')
<־^=־ ־־§=< ״=>§=»
Pastor of
Wepcbow Missiop.
Ip Mciporiaip.
By tbe Rev.
T. M. GAUGE.
D
kEATH, in the eventful year of
1914, has claimed toll from
amongst the foremost in our
beloved Church at home, visited also the
foreign field and took away the senior
Chinese minister from the Wenchow
׳ Church. On Friday, June 26th, Pastor
Zing passed away at his home at Yellow
Torrent, a hamlet in the heart of the hills
-of the Cedar Creek district, Wenchow.
Pastor Zing, who was co-pastor with
the writer, of the Western Circuits of
the Wenchow Mission, was but fifty-
three years of age, and was at the zenith
of his career. During the latter part of
last summer it was a great shock to the
whole Mission to learn that he was suf-
fering from tuberculosis. The autumn
was passed under the care of Dr. Angus
and by Chinese New Year the patient
had recovered sufficiently to return to
his home and subsequently to take up
residence at his station, Underbridge,
the head church of the Outer West
Brook Circuit. He was able to be
present at the Annual District Meetings
in February, and to deliver a helpful
address containing some of the results of
the months of quiet thinking whilst he
was laid aside. His subject was sig-
nificant, being, “ Church Independence,"
and included a scheme by which the
churches should gradually become self-
supporting. Had he lived it is probable
that his great
work for this
Mission would
have been in
this direction.
He went back
:0 his station;
but a month
later was com-
pelled to come
to the city for
medical assist-
ance. Every-
thing possible
was done for
him at the hos-
pital, but he
continued t o
grow weaker.
He began to
wish to be taken
to his home.
Two days in
small river
40


The Bookshelf
pathetic heathen rites around, and call-
mg it “ Gospel preaching.”
But probably Pastor Zing, will be
missed most as a church statesman. He
had the confidence of Chinese and
foreigners alike. He was a leader, com-
bining vision with abundant common
sense. For many years the Wenchow
Mission has been extending rapidly and
at the same time moving towards the ob-
jective of missions, viz., an indigenous
church. The crying need is for great
church leaders, and Zing was perhaps the
best we had at this time. And now he
is gone ; it is not a small trial of faith to
the writer.
If I have treated of the loss to the
Church first, it is not because I have
been unmindful of the loss to the Home•
Pastor Zing leaves a widow and two
married daughters and the little boy
mentioned above. The comparatively
early age at which he has been taken
away calls for our special sympathy for
c
Tlje Bookshelf.
“Everyday Swahili Phrases and Voca-
bularyl' Compiled and arranged
by the Rev. W. Udy Bassett.
Printed by the Caxton (B.E.A.)
P. and P. Co., Nairobi and Mom-
basa.
A VERY commendable effort on the
part of our friend to assist new arrivals
in British East Africa. It contains
“ Common Phrases,” “ Domestic
Phrases,” words used in farm and
plantation, and a vocabulary of over
50 pp. The whole neatly issued at
one rupee. The “Nairobi Leader” re-
viewing it says:
“Mr. Bassett may be complimented
on his dose study of utility in his choice
of “ Common Phrases ” which will go far
to assist the student or the stranger in
his daily intercourse with the native.
The vocabulary is alphabetically &r-
ranged, while all possible difficulties as
to pronunciation are got through in a
single lesson.”
“ The Missionary Speaker and Reader I’
Edited by W. E. Cule, B.M.S.,
London. (The Carey Press ; x s.)
MANY a weary missionary secretary
should be delighted to hail this volume.
his loved ones. Something will have
to be done towards the support of
the widow and the little boy. The
Pastor was not a man who had sources
of income apart from his Mission
salary. ' ׳
Finally, United Methodists in Eng-
land and on other mission stations will
think of the bereavement not solely as
an incident local to Wenchow, but as a
loss to the whole Church. And if the
life of our Church has taken on this
year, a deeper and more hallowed note
in the presence of the passing hence of
revered leaders like our late President,
Rev. W. Redfern and Rev. R. Aber-
crombie I would like to think that that
impression will be deepened somewhat
by the fact of this latest loss on the
Church’s foreign field, and that the name
of Pastor Zing, of Wenchow, will have
its place side by side with the others of
our honoured dead in the annals of the
United Methodist Church.
Here are gathered all the best and some
of the rarest recitations fop missionary
meetings. It is a marvellous prodr׳ c-
tion, and only one shilling. The Editor
of the “ Baptist Missionary Herald ” de-
serves all praise for the energy and
care enshrined within these pages. Its
cheapness ought to command a great
sale. There are 92 pp. of poetical re-
citals, and 60 of prose readings An
excellent and useful volume. Lt con-
tains, with׳ her ready permission and
ours, two of the poems of Miss S.
Gertrude Ford which have appeared in
the pages of this magazine.
“Livingstone College Year Book, 1915.”
(Livingstone College, Leyton, E. ; 6d.)
Once more we welcome the Year
Book of this College, and the first under
the principalship of Dr. Wigram. We
rejoice that there is some improvement
in the financial position, and that it has
an increased number of students. The
usefulness of such a college cannot be
over-estimated. Lectures on “ The pre-
servation of health in tropical climates,”■
are part of the curriculum. During the
21 years of its existence 548 students
have passed through the college and
gone forth as missionaries to all parts
of the world.
42


Noteworthy Helpers.
109. Miss Blanche Jackson, North Shields.
Miss Blanche Jackson is connected with
our Hudson Street Mission Sunday School
in the North Shields Circuit. She is a grand-
daughter of Mr. Thomas Scott, who is a
veteran Local Preacher and Sunday School
worker of over sixty years’ standing—during
the whole of which time, or practically so,
he has been an active supporter of the same
mission. Miss Jackson is an enthusiastic
missionary collector, and her book shows an
enormous amount of work, as almost all her
subscribers contribute a penny a week. We
are glad to know that she is still collecting.
Following are amounts she has handed over
to date :
£ s. d.
1908 0 17 6
1910 4 10 0
1911 5 0 0
1912 6 4 10
1913 6 0 0
1914 6 0 0
;£28 12 4
—Per Mr. J. Fawcett Hogg, Cir. Mis. Sec.
110. Miss Edith Field, Park Crescent, Clap-
ham, London.
Miss Field’s record is as follows
£ s. d.
1908 2 10 0
1909 6 0 0
1910 6 0 0
1911 6 5 0
1912 6 0 0
1913 6 0 0
1914 6 0 0
/?38 15 0
These amounts have been collected en-
tirely from a list of subscribers who con-
tribute Id. per week. The list was begun
as the result of a discussion in the Christian
Endeavour Society on “Systematic Giving,”
and owing to Miss Field’s painstaking ef-
forts the foregoing fine results have been
achieved.
■—Per Mr. E. J. Tresise, Mis. Sec-
Mias Edith Field.
1X0.
109. Miss Blanche Jackson.
43


The Observatory
a time of famine. The pennies are of
no use to you themselves; but changed
into Gospel books, into healing medi-
cines, into sehool primers, or into those
kindly gifts which enable you to make
a fresh start after some great trouble,
they are of great use to you, they come
as great blessings into your lives; and
there is a new light in your minds, a new
strength, a new power, a new hope
within you because of the ministry of
grace they bring! Are not these dear
children good friends of yours ? ”
And both in Africa and in China
many men and women, boys and girls,
too, would delight to confess that they
were.
The speaker paused and then he said,
“ And are there not many boys and girls
here who would like to share that bless-
ing? Are there not many who will
give their pennies that they may be
changed into helpful gifts?—that they
may send truth, healing, wisdom, and
kindness to those who need them in
other lands ? ”

«=5<»
Tlje Observatory.
MISSIONS AND THE WAR.
THE Committee’s anticipations con-
cerning our funds for the present
Connexional year are keenly
shared by our Circuit officials. Dif-
ferent views are expressed, varying
from the zero of pessimism, to the
summer heat of the most buoyant op-
timism. We are able now to take com-
fort from the societies who* close their
accounts in December. The zero
point appears to be reached by the
C.I.M., in £36,782 as against £51,089
in 1913. But it should be stated that
the income in 1912 was less than this,
viz., £36,549. On the other hand the
United Free Church of Scotland is
happy in being able to report as fol-
lows:
“The income for 1914, owing to
better legacies, has actually exceeded
that of 1913 . . . . Donations have
increased by £300, and the congre-
gational contributions (£28,420) have
only gone down £580. Legacies are
£15,796, against £11,001 in 1913.”
We have already read individual re-
ports in which a better average has
been reached all round than in the pre-
vious year. And remembering that in
some cases results were injured by the
herculean efforts for the extinction of
the Debt, we may hope for the Secre-
tarly’s eager expectation to be realized.
THE EDITOR.
SIERRA LEONE DISTRICT.
Mr. Greensmith has sent us a copy of
the Missionary Report for this district
—for which he is bravely and ably
responsible. It contains the ad-
dress of Mr. Greensmith from the
chair of the District Meeting: re-
ports of circuits and missionary sta-
tions, covering 18 pp. : the financial re-
port, occupying 27 pp., and then the ser-
mon preached at the District Meeting by
the Rev. J. E. Leigh, on “ The Divine
command and encouragement to Chris-
tian workers.” Altogether an instruc-
tive and excellent pamphlet. E.g., we
note with joyful surprise (well, not sur-
prise, for we have known it for years)
that a very high average is attained for
“class and ticket money” if the terms
thus used be not unfamiliar to our
readers. The highest average per mem-
bers is 9s. id., and the lowest 6s. 4d.,
and this amongst the poorest of people.
These offerings total £920, and besides
this there are offerings for Missions to
the extent of £528.
OUR JANUARY NUMBER.
It is difficult to estimate what will be
the demand at the beginning of a new
volume, and the first number for the
present year has unfortunately gone out
of print. We shall be glad to receive
spare copies to a small extent. Any
one having two or three to spare will
please send a postcard in first instance;
lest there be a miniature deluge. Full
price and postage will be paid.


'Ö¾Ö¾' I
Ningpo
widow;
several
worked
Tbc Niit^po Bible-weroep.
By Mrs. G. W. SHEPPARD.
\F the Chinese women whom I
j have come to know, those whom
know the best are our three
Bible-women. Each is a
they have all been with us for
years, and the three have
together much of the time.
The youngest of the three, but the one
who has been with us longest, was the
daughter of an earnest Christian and
local preacher, a carpenter by trade, who
lived at the seaport town Zih-pu, about
80 miles south of Ningpo. She was
therefore under religious influence from
her early years, and was married to one
of our school teachers. Her husband
died soon after the marriage. At his
home, where she had been living, she
found little in common with her rela-
tives, and money being none too plenti-
ful, she, not wishing to marry again, set
about finding some means of earning
her living.
When I arrived in Ningpo, now 13
years ago, she was one of the first
Chinese women I learnt to recognise(
Miss Abercrombie was just then trying
to assist her to find some work, and at
the same time giving her instruction in
the Bible. She brought her to me to
see my sewing machine, and almost im-
mediately it was arranged that she
should come to me to be instructed in
its use. This, when I had only been in
Ningpo a few weeks, and so was only
able to be a dumb teacher.
Miss Abercrombie soon saw in her
qualities which gave promise of the
making of a useful Bible-woman, and
â– sought carefully to train the young
widow for this work. She has more
than realized those hopes, and has
â– proved capable and devoted in many
directions. Most of her time has been
â– spent in going out, in company with
• one other, visiting the homes of the
people in city, town, and village, en-
couraging and instructing those already
attached to the Church, and spreading
the precious seed of the Gospel.
At times we have found it d sirable to
employ her temporarily as a teacher in
the Girls’ Day School, where she has
always proved useful.
About two years ago, she was ,chosen
by Dr. Swallow to be the hospital Bible-
woman, where she is fully employed in
talking to the large numbers of dis-
pensary patients who attend, and in giv-
ing more regular instruction to the
women in-patients. Many of these she
has taught to read, and it is always a
joy to her if a patient stays long enough
in the hospital to get a real grasp of the
truth. She does her best to supply
those who have learnt or are learning to
read with Bible, hymn-book, and other
helpful books, to take home with them
when they leave the hospital. She is a
bright and faithful worker, still in the
prime of life. May she have before her
many years of service for her Lord!
Another of the three Bible-women was,
in her young days, now more than 30
years ago, a pupil in Mrs. Swallow’s
school, where she made good progress
in learning and acquired considerable
Christian knowledge.
She was married early to one outside
of the Church, and went to live in a dis-
tant village where she was cut off from
connection with the Mission. But she
kept up her reading and did not lose
her interest in the things she had learnt.
Some seven years ago, her husband
having died, she came up to Ningpo
seeking work. One of our Chinese
pastors brought her along to us, but as
Mrs. Swallow was not then there, we
were strangers. I learned that after 25
years of married life, during which she
had known hard work and poverty and
had had a large family (some of the
children still dependent on her) she was
now seeking employment. She was
46


The Work of Our Women’s Auxiliary
willing to take a position as an “ Amah,”
if such could be found, or would have
liked to try teaching in a school.
A few months previously we had lost
a Bible-woman by death, and were need-
ing some one to take the place. After
consideration we decided to give this
woman a trial in that work. She proved
to be well adapted to it. A clever and
courageous woman, a very clear and
comprehensive teacher she has been
useful both in itinerating evangelistic
work and in teaching in the Bible
School.
The third Bible-woman had not the
early privileges of the others. Until
middle life she knew nothing of Chris-
tianity nor had she any knowledge of
books.
Her husband became a Christian
about 16 years ago׳, and was the first
Chinese whom Mr. Sheppard baptised.
His home was in a distant village.
About three years after his baptism he
was cruelly murdered for his profession
of the Christian religion. It was at a
time when Ningpo was greatly dis-
turbed by wild anti-Christian rumours.
His widow came to Ningpo in great
distress, and vainly sought redress and
compensation from the officials. Al-
though failing in this, she found friends
in the Mission, and some months later
became Amah to Mrs. Heywood’s chil-
dren. Gradually she came to under-
stand more of the Faith for which her
husband had died, and accepted it as
her own. Slowly and steadily she
learned to read, and growing in confid-
ence and zeal began to wish to help
others. It became her earnest desire to
equip herself to become a Bible-woman,
and helped by one and another of the
missionaries’ wives she has succeeded.
For some years now she has shared
in the itinerating work, and has also
taken part in teaching in the Women’s
School Where her knowledge has been
insufficient for the teaching, she would
day by day learn her lesson in advance,
thus benefiting herself as well. She
has lacked the school training which the
other two enjoyed, but has other quali-
ties which make her an equally valuable
worker. She has a happy nature, and
is always reliable. By grace she often
wins where cleverness would fail.
Generous in the use of her own money,
she is scrupulously careful in handling
Church money.
It has been my privilege for some
years to direct the goings and comings
of these Bible-women, and I shall hope
to write more fully of their work later.
Respected by both missionaries and
native workers, they are faithful ser-
vants of the Church and of their Master.
By Mrs. KNIGHT.
A few gleanings from letters received
concerning W.M.A. home work will
show our readers the variety of work
done by the officers.
Mrs. T. Butler, our President, has
been busy organizing in the North and
Midland districts. A Birmingham cor-
respondent says :—“ We hope to have
Mrs. Butler here again soon, she is do-
ing her best for us, and the reports are
encouraging.”
A letter from Miss F. Ashworth,
Council secretary, sheds light on an-
other side of the work; she says:—“I
went yesterday to stir up a branch that
was just about dead. The minister
said, ‘ If I would lay the sticks he would
see that the fire was kindled.’ I am
sure he will do so. One of the women
said afterwards she hoped I would come
again and share in the glow.”
Mrs. Vivian has been visiting Grims-
by, cheering the missionary workers
there • and helping them to forget that
they are in the danger area.
The Exeter District Secretary writes:
“ You will be glad to know that the
Shebbear Circuit W.M.A., the one we
organized some years ago, is proving a
marvellous success, and this year no less
than four of the churches have held an-
niversaries of their own.”
Mr. and Mrs. Argyle, returned mis-
sionaries from Japan, have done good
service in various parts of the Isle of
Wight. At St. Helens W.M.A. anni-
very, Mrs. Argyle was the chief speaker,
and Lady Hosie (nee Dorothy Soothill)
presided. The U.M. Church at San-
down finds in her a valuable helper.
We congratulate Sister Lily Armitt
on having passed her language examina-
tion with 80 per cent marks. Well
done! We are glad, too, that her health
is completely restored.


Thee in all Eastern nations, to be
the Way, the Truth, and the Life. Bless especially our National Missionary
endeavours, and give us graceâ–  to fulfil Thy purpose of Love, that Thy
salvation may be carried to the ends of the earth. Through Jesus Christ
our Lord.”—Amen.
Harvest Festivals apd
Baptisrps ip Mia© Lapd.
By the Rev.
W. H. HUDSPETH.
I WAS feeling pretty much out of
temper when I said Good-bye to
Stone Gateway, for I had just been
reading some of the attempts of our
Christian leaders to defend this modern
Armageddon. Those of us who are
living in far-off China can take a de-
tached view of this mad plunge into the
impossible, and we feel that the Faith
which we have brought to this people is
being shaken
to its very
founda t i ons.
When we are
asked by
young Chris-
tians what it
all means, and
why the
Mother Coun-
try should be
compelled to
go to war, we
are at a loss
t o find any
answer. W e
are as soldiers
whose com-
munic a t i o n s
are being cut
and whose
supplies are
being stopped.
But gloomy
April. 1915.
The Dragon’s Well Chapel, where 333 were baptised. [Rev. Sf'Pollard.
thoughts were thrown to the winds as
soon as I saw the bright, happy faces
of the school children who had come
to meet me, and we determined to
forget this nightmare. It was the
Heaven Born Bridge* harvest festi-
val, and friends from distant villages
had come long journeys to welcome the
teacher and to see their boys and girls
* See July, 1914.—Ed.


Harvest Festivals and Baptisms in Miao Land
who, at their own cost, study in the
school which our Miao have built here.
Sunday was a beautiful day, and by
7.30 a.m. three hundred Aborigines had
gathered for the morning prayer-meet-
ing, where heartfelt thanksgiving was
offered for the unusually good harvest
which we have reaped this year. For
the mid-day service people from all
the neighbouring Christian villages
gathered. It is an astonishing sight to
see dozens of people, wearing very pic-
turesque costumes, coming in every
direction and bringing with them gener-
ous offerings of maize and wheat and
vegetables. As I looked round the plain
white-washed building I fancied that
some of my old fellow students who love
the beautiful and artistic might criticise
the crude furnishings of this out-of-the-
way Bethel, but I felt sure they would
have nothing to say about the congrega-
tion, for over a thousand people
crammed the place. And this, twenty
miles away from any city! The old
hymns, which have meant so much to
Methodists throughout the world, were
sung and sung again until our hearts
danced with joy. At the close of this
meeting, as we made ready to celebrate
the Sacrament of the Lord’s Supper. I
wished I could have transported all my
English friends to join us, for the
Church’s Sacraments take upon them a
new meaning when they are observed
amongst those who have but recently
found Jesus Christ. The buckwheat
cakes were blessed and broken and
given by Him who instituted this holy
Supper, and as we drank the cup of
cold tea upwards of seven hundred Miao
remembered Him whose blood was shed
for many for the remission of sins.
Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday
were the most remarkable days I have
spent in Miao land, for during these
days I baptized three hundred and fifty-
three converts, some of whom were
nearly sixty years old.
The most significant day was Tues-
day, which was spent at a place called
the Dragon’s Well. Here, ever since
the Miao work started, we have had the
greatest of difficulty to make headway.
It was a long time before we could'get
permission to build a chapel, and even
after it was built few people joined us.
A good deal of spade work and trench-
digging has been done, but until this
year the devil has had the better of the
At this little Bethel 85 were baptised. [ןן^,- g. poJ]ard_
50


z
Harvest Festivals and Baptisms in Miao Land
fight. And why? The people were
afraid of a great landlord who lives near
here and who is a veritable human beast.
The list of his crimes is both long and
ugly. He has committed acts which
shame humanity—acts so cruel and
filthy that one’s whole nature revolts at
the mere knowledge of them. Here is
an example: Two thieves stole a large
quantity of maize from this landlord’s
granary and took it away to a distant
market to sell. This atrocious Earth’s-
eye (for such is the literal translation
of the Chinese name) made enquiries
and got to know where these thieves
lived, and the road along which they
would travel to get home. In a very
short time the wretch had called to-
gether a number of his tenants, who
dug a deep hole and then waited for the
coming of the thieves. As was ex-
pected, they came, and it was the work
of a few minutes to capture them. They
were bound, thrown into the prepared
pit, and buried alive.
But last year and this year the people
have thrown off the yoke of this fiend,
and in spite of his violent threats many
have joined the Church. Fifty or sixty
of them came five miles to meet me,
and before we reached Dragon’s Well
we were a procession of a hundred odd.
There were no seats in the chapel, for
all had been removed to make room for
the crowds of enquirers who crammed
the place, many being unable to find
even standing room. The service com-
menced at about four o’clock and fin-
ished long after dark. It was a won-
derful time—one of the best in Miao
land for nine years. Old men and
women of sixty summers on confession
of faith were welcomed into the Church,
as also were many young people. The
simple emblem of baptism meant much
to these two hundred and twenty-three
people, many of whom look upon this
rite as being necessary for admittance
into the Kingdom of Heaven, without
which they have no hope when death
overtakes them. As this soul-stirring
meeting came to a close, G. Rawson’s
hymn flashed through my mind:
“ Praise ye the Lord, immortal choir,
In heavenly heights above,
With harp and voice, and souls of fire,
Burning with perfect love.
Come aged man ! come, little child 1
Youth, maiden, peasant, king,
To God in Jesus reconciled,
Your hallelujah bring! ”
The aged man, the little child, youth,
maiden, and peasant were there.
Before going to bed I took a turn or
two round the school playground to
cool my nerves. In the schoolroom
boys were singing hymns, but away on
the other side of the valley I heard other
A picturesque wood near Long Sea Chapel. [7?ev. S. Pollard.
(The tall friend is Wu Kai Yang.)—W.H.H,
51


April 1915
music—unbelievers playing bagpipes
and girls singing dissolute songs. I
knew it was one of those immoral clubs,
which, though few, are still to be found.
To us there is nothing musical in the
weird strains of these pipes, but to our
girls the music is as bewitchingly sweet
as the singing of the Sirens, and they
are allured away to these obnoxious
houses. Thank God, we are like
Ulysses stopping the ears of our people
and lashing them to the mast.
There was much weeping when the
time came for me to leave on the fol-
lowing day, and I am told that since my
visit some of these new converts have
been holding prayer-meetings from day-
light to sunset.
Wednesday and Thursday were just
such happy days; for at one village
I baptized eighty-five converts and at a
second forty-five.
A new experience which it was my
privilege to enjoy was a visit to a
Chinese chapel which we have recently
opened. Here one of our young Chinese
evangelists, Wu Kai-yang, has been
doing some good work. In spite of a
good deal of opposition he has sue-
ceeded in converting a temple into a
small chapel, in which we carry on a
school, attended by thirty scholars.
I stayed a week-end here, and had
three packed meetings. Some of those
present were sitting on forms made out
of the idols which they formerly wor-
shipped. In this village two hundred
families burned their idols within three
weeks, and now I understand there is
not an idol in the place. These people
have thrown over their false gods and
are coming to us to ask for the Bread
of Life. We can only give it to them
if you will back us up and stand
shoulder to shoulder with us in this
sacred task.
As I ambled slowly home on my
sturdy little pony I noticed in the dis-
tance a high snow-capped hill. The
surrounding country was all black and
barren and dirty, but that white-clothed
hill towered above everything in ma-
jestic gradeur. And as I looked to-
wards it a great joy came to me, for I
thought to myself: Though there is
much of blackness and barrenness in
this dear old world of ours, yet away
in the distance we see towering above
all the great kingdom of purity and
righteousness and justice into which
some day we may be able to enter.
In the first paragraph we have deleted
“miserable” before “attempts,” and inserted
“compelled to” before “go to war,” and we
do not ask our dear friend’s pardon. They
take a “detached view.” Yes! In all kind-
liness we say it will never do to use the same
words as if we had entered upon a war of
aggression. Let “Belgium” be our reply!
—Ed.
April 1915.
Last year, when April broke her rainbow
tether,
From every nesting bird,
From brook and breeze and. leafing tree
together,
One shout of song was heard,
Hailing earth’s hope of Spring ; a hope how
long deferred !
This year—0 who has heart to join your
chorus,
Bird, brook, and tree new-clad ?
Who shall the splendour of the Spring
restore us ?
Peace, with soft tears and sad,
Dies in a whirl of War, and who can yet
be glad ?
Broods on our hearts grim Winter’s dark
reflection,
No less that Spring is here :
For hope of ours is any resurrection ?
With war’s red tempest near,
Vain, vain the cowslip’s smile, the cuckoo’s
word of cheer I
For Peace lies dead : surely the cross
released her
Unto the grave’s cold breath !
.. . Was it a bird which sang that song of
Easter ?
“There shall be no more death.
In Me ye shall have Peace: write, write,
the Spirit saith I ”
Was it a dream alone, an empty vision
Of night fulfilled in day ?
—Lo, the white angels of the Easter mission
Where Peace enshrouded lay I
“ Behold, she is not here ; for she is risen,”
they say.
—S. Gertrude Ford.
52



Cur Missions ip Cbipa, 1859 to 1915.
IT is proposed to illustrate our position
and growth in the great empire of
China by a series of charts in the
following order:—
North China (1859).
South-East China (1864).
South-West China (1885).
I.—Tl>c North China Mission•
By Mr. T. C. WARRINGTON, M.A.
The accompanying diagram sum-
marizes the history of what we now call
our North China Mission which was be-
gun by the M.N.C. in 1862. In this
summary, inferences from the diagram
are printed in ordinary type, the related
events in the history of the mission are
printed in italics.
1859 (Oct. 21).—Rev. John Innocent and
Rev. T. N. Hall sailed for China.
r86o'(Mar. 23).—Arrival at Shanghai.
1861 (April).—Mr. Innocent arrived in
Tientsin and was shortly after-
wards joined, by Mr. Hall.
1862.—First chapel opened in Tientsin.
1862-65.•—Small beginnings.
1865-70. — Extremely rapid growth.
Awakening of Chit Chia, 1866.
1870- 71.—Check. Tientsin massacre,
1870.
1871- 72.—Rapid recovery.
1872- 75.—Steady growth.
1875-77.—Very rapid growth.
1876.—Commencement at Yang Hsin,
near Wu Ting Fu.
1877-95•—Check followed by slow growth.
The Great Famine, 1878.
1884.—Commencement at Tong Shan.
1895-99.•—•Very rapid growth.
1899-1903.—Severe check. The Boxer
rising, 1900.
1903-1914.—Recovery and steady growth.
DIAGRAM SHOWING THE GROWTH OF THE NORTH CHINA MISSION.
Total Membership (excluding probationers and enquirers) shown vertically.
Drawn by Mr. T. C. Warrington, M.A.
56


Africa’s Need and Our Response
In reading this book, we are im-
pressed with the greatness of the work
accomplished by these men and women
with such scanty means. Making bricks
without straw! Building the New Jeru-
salem “ in England’s green and pleasant
land ” with small resources! But their
uncalculating faith surmounted all diffi-
culties as with the wings of an eagle.
Trusting in the veracity of God’s Word,
they dared to attempt great things for
God. “ God’s word is as good as ready
money,” said Billy Bray.
The story of this book is worth tell-
ing, if only to illustrate the splendid
audacity of these Bible Christian’s faith
in God’s Word. Bible Christians they
were in very truth and deed. What a
rebuke to our modern method of letting
“ I dare not ” wait upon “ I would,” when
we cannot, or dare not, stir hand or foot
until we have a complete equipment of
the most modem mechanical appliances.
We need to be often reminded of Sham-
gar’s oxgoad, Gideon’s pitcher, torch,
and ram’s horn, David’s sling and stone,
and the early disciples with their “ silver
and gold have I none, but such as I
have give I thee.”
That this Church should be a Mis-
sionary Church goes without saying.
Such God-filled men and women could
not conceive of any limitation to the
range of operation of the Word of God.
The Missionary instinct was in their
very soul, the mystic glow was on the
altar of their heart. It is not surpris-
ing, then, that they should stretch out
helpful hands to regions beyond, east
and west, Canada, Australia, and China,
and establish missions which were
destined in the Providence of God to
become valuable assets in a larger
Methodism.
Many psychological problems present
themselves as we read in these pages the
stories of revivals, which we cannot
dwell upon here. But the fact remains,
these early Methodists possessed the
Divine art of persuading men and
women, of getting them converted from
sin, and sweeping them wholesale into
the Kingdom of God. They knew “ the
tides of the Spirit,” and how to take the
occasion as it served. Is this a lost
knowledge? If the reading of this
book will send us on a Divine quest we
shall not read in vain, and Mr. Pyke will
not have spent his strength for nought.
We heartily commend his story to the
notice of the United Methodist Church.

Africa’s Need apd
Our Response.
Alternative C.E. Tepic
(April i8tb).
By tl>e Rev. F- BARRETT.
Text Book : “Coast and Hinterland in Africa.” (See February, p. 27.)
ft
FRICA has been aptly described
as a land of blazing sun and
blackest night. Its dusky sons
are bound in the chains of darkness,
and their eyes have received no sight.
The unceasing call of the Dark Con-
tinent is,
“ O ye who live in the ■Light of Life,
Bring us the Light.”
THE RELIGIOUS GEOGRAPHY OF AFRICA.
Miss Parsons, in her little book
“ Christus Liberator,” suggests an ex-
cellent plan for realizing the actual re-
ligious situation—
“Take an outline map of Africa. Dip
your brush in green, the colour sacred to
the Arabian prophet, and draw it with a
broad sweep across the map from the
Mediterranean to, say, ten degrees north
of the equator. This great green division
represents Mohammedan Africa, forty to
fifty millions. Next dip the brush in
black, and, beginning at Cape Verde,
gently draw a border all down the Guinea
Coast, and at the eastern bend sweep
heavily across the continent and down
through the heart of it to, say, the Orange
River. Here you have pagan Africa, one
hundred to one hundred and ten million
souls. For the remnant, from the Cape of
Good Hope to North Transvaal, make it
like the peace flag, white, and call it Chris-
tian Africa, three and a half million
souls.”


Africa’s Need and Our Response
Even if you do not draw the map, let
the figures soak in. Remember that
those hundred million souls are God’s
black children.* But they are as “chil-
dren groping in the niglht, crying for the
light, with no language but a cry.”
THE CONTEST FOR PAGAN AFRICA.
While rival countries fight for Africa’s
territory, rival religions strive to win the
African’s allegiance. Discussions at the
Edinburgh Missionary Conference made
it clear that in Mohammedanism Chris-
tianity has a keen and eager opponent.
Mr. J. R. Mott says, “ Paganism is
doomed. Either Christianity or Islam
will prevail throughout Africa, and Islam
is pushing hard to win the pagan shores
and people. If things continue as they
are now trending Africa may become a
Mohammedan continent”
It will do no good to minimise
the power of our opponents. Islam,
with its millions massed on the contin-
ent, has enormous odds in numbers and
situation. Its adherents are stirred with
a genuine missionary zeal, and they
have this advantage of not differing es-
sentially, in their ideas and emotions,
from the natives they seek to win. Once
received, Mohammedanism is Chris-
tianity’s most formidable antagonist. It
permits laxity of morals, breeds arro-
gance and pride, and hardens the
heart against the Word of God.
But the task is greater than the out-
stripping of Mohammedans: it is no-
thing less than their conversion. That
is a question too large for discussion
now: but it must not be overlooked or
forgotten that Christ claims Moham-
medan as well as Pagan Africa.
To the Church of the Twentieth Cen-
tury no greater opportunity is offered
for noble service and superb heroism
than the campaign in Africa
WHAT ARE WE DOING?
White men are heavily in debt to
their black brothers. Think of the de-
solation of the slave trade, and the
*See an informing map of Africa, p. 128, vol.
1913,—Ed.
havoc wrought by the gin poured into
Africa. The wrongs we have done de-
mand that we shall do the right we can.
We have sent our worst and must mot
keep back our best. Africa is awak-
ing to the fact that she needs more than
anything else the light Christians have.
In 1904 King Geddy, of Southern
Liberia, called on Bishop Hurtzell, who
at that time was inspecting the Liberian
missions. Age had told upon the
visitor. He walked with halting, shuffl-
ing steps, leaning heavily upon his long
stick. He had walked twelve miles in
this painful manner in order to make a
personal plea for a missionary to be sta-
tioned among his people. That in-
cident is typical of the whole Case.
Africa, struggling along in the dark-
ness, knows enough of the misery of
darkness to beg for the light.
How are we responding? What is
United Methodism’s contribution in the
day of Africa’s need? Our text-book
shows that our church has seen and
heard and answered. On two sides of
the great continent our representatives
are working. For over fifty years our
workers have been going as light
bearers. But the questions still press.
Do we know the story of our endeavours
to lighten the darkness? If not, how
do we know that our response has been
adequate ? In East Africa we have four
European missionaries and in West
Africa one. Is this the best we can do ?
On the field splendid sacrifice and devo-
tion have been shown. Is the generosity
at home worthy ? Let us read and study
“ Coast and Hinterland ” in the light of
Africa’s need. It will tell a story of
brave efforts and beget more generous
support. Missionary knowledge will
kindle missionary enthusiasm, and out
of our enthusiasm will come the prayer
and devotion that will hasten the day—
"When, like a swelling tide,
The Word shall leap the barriers, and the
Light
Shall sweep the land : and Faith and Love
and Hope
Shall win for Christ this stronghold of the
night.”
(The next Topic will appear in June.)
59


Noteworthy Helpers.
111. Mr. Arthur Jeffries, Pinxton, Ripley
Circuit.
Mr. Jeffries is a missionary enthusiast. He
does but little collecting in his own village,
leaving that to others, he goes to surround-
ing villages. Ils asks for a penny, and in-
eludes amongst his subscribers persons from
every section of the Christian Church and
even Agnostics and infidels. Though at
times hindered by personal and domestic
affliction he has accomplished much. 1-Ie
collected in
•־ £ d.
1903 2 0 0
1904 3 0 1
1905 10 0 0
1906 6 0 1
1908 4 9 0
1909 10 0 0
1910 10 3 0
1911 7 5 6
1912 9 7 0
1913 7 4 0
1914 11 0 0
7J80 8 8
—Per Rev. W. J. Christophers.

112. Edward Max. Probert, Irlams-o’-th
Height, Salford Circuit.
Master Probert is the grandson of the late
Mr. Henry Shawcross, whose loss the Irlams-
o’-th’-Height Church has just been called
upon to mourn, and the nephew of the Rev.
Thomas Shawcross. Mr. and Mrs. Probert
have been faithful to the cause of Missions
through many years, and the Church has
responded to their quiet work and that of
others, especially that of the friend who has
just entered into his rest. It was not sur-
prising that very early in life Max should be-
come a missionary collector. It will be seen
his amounts have steadily increased
y are as follows :
£ s. d.
1905 0 5 0
1906 0 10 0
1907 0 12 6
1908 1 0 0
1909 1 0 0
1910 1 7 6
1911 1 10 0
1912 1 15 6
1913 1 17 0
1914 2 6 6
12Ö¾/ 4 0
— Per Rev. J. H. Baron.
lia. Master Edward Max. Probert.
in. Mr, A. Jeffries,
61


By Mrs. KNIGHT.
7Vt
RS. BASSETT writes:
“ You will be glad to hear
that although I am so far away
-from Africa, I have been kept in close
touch with all that is transpiring in
Ribe, not only by my husband but by
the boys and girls in the school, and
girls of my sewing and crotchet classes.
“ It has been a great joy to me to get
their letters, and especially to know how
well they were keeping up their interest
in their work. I rather feared that
having no one to supervise them or en-
courage them they would soon weary
of their work, but instead, they write
most, enthusiastically of a patchwork
quilt they are making, and ask for more
print to be sent out from England so
that they can finish it. The very little
ones have a hand in this, and very de-
lighted they are to feel they are really
helping.
“ I have often been amused at their
keenness to know if every stitch was
just as it should be, and if not, how
their little faces drooped. It was a
real pleasure to teach them. Every
morning before commencing their work
they would come and ask me for soap
to wash their hands; which was always
necessary I can assure you, as they are
supplied at home with this luxury only
once a week, and then for the wash-
ing of their clothes ready for Sunday.
Some of the older girls are now able to
make a blouse or skirt for themselves
quite well, and very often earn a little
by working for other people. One of
their great ambitions now is to be able
to make woollen bonnets for the babies,
to protect their heads from the heat of
the sun, but this I was not able to teach
them to do for lack of wools.
Our trouble is that just when the
girls are getting on so nicely, and we
feel they will be a great help, they
!eave us to be married, some of them
when they are very young indeed. A
little while ago a girl of sixteen—one
of the brightest in the school left us to
be married. Her wedding was the
smartest seen at Ribe—the bride wear-
ing a wreath and veil, as near to an
English wedding as possible, and in-
stead of having just the ordinary native
food (rice and fowls or meat) they
gave their guests tea and biscuits.
In less than a fortnight I received a
letter to say that the bride had run
away from her husband and gone to
Mombasa, because he wanted her to
work in the plantation. The young
man was very distressed, and went to
my husband to see if he would write a
letter for him to take so that she would
be sent back home. I hear she has
now come back, and is I presume doing
her duties and sorry for causing so
much trouble. The native girl who
has been with me the whole time I
have been in Africa, and who has al-
ways been faithful and trustworthy, has
often been our only nurse when my hus-
band and I have both had fever at the
same time. But however difficult or
tedious may have been the things she
has ,had to do on such occasions, she
has never once murmured. During my
recent serious illness, she did every-
thing she could to assist my husband in
the nursing, and one night he knew she
must be very tired, and so told her that
she might go to her house. Instantly
she said, ‘ Do you think I could leave
“Bibi”* while she is so ill? No, I am
going to see her getting better before I
go,’ and she stayed by my bedside the
whole of the night. For some days I
was massaged twice a day, and my hus-
band who had been in attendance on
me for some time found this work very
trying. Then Alice, my girl, would re-
lieve him and assist the doctor for half
* The lady.
62


The Work of Our Women’s Auxiliary
an hour together, and the doctor was
surprised at the way she did the work,
and said she was a splendid pupil. By
the last mail I received some of her
work, done since I left (lace and
triangles for a tea cloth) and am sure if
you could see it you would be de-
lighted. When I left for home she be-
came a teacher in the day school.”
Miss L. O. Squire, B.A., says:
“ In a recent letter from China I hear
that the assistant girl teachers were still
carrying on the work of the school to
the best of their ability. I felt very
sad at leaving them in such difficult cir-
cumstances, but I trust they will have
reaped some benefit from their experi-
ences.
“ To show you the vagaries of the
mail services under war conditions, this
evening a letter of mine, which was
posted in Chaotong, July 1st, 1914, has
just arrived! In its travels it reached
Shanghai for the first time on July
22nd, and for the second time on
January 23rd, having paid a visit to
Germany meanwhile! ”
Mrs. Balkwill, referring to the death
of Mrs. J. Hopper, says:
“ I wish, as her successor to the office
of secretary, of the late B.C. Women’s
Missionary League, to pay a tribute to
the personal interest she took in the
various branches, and the encouragement
given thereby to the secretaries especial-
ly, which, in those early days of the
League contributed, I consider, in no
small measure to the steady increase of
its usefulness. Her annual reports were
appreciated not only by those who
heard them at Conference, but others
found in them an inspiration and
stimulus. For the work of the League
in its various activities the results of her
power of organization and her untiring
zeal made my task all the easier when I
was appointed to the office in which she
had given such unselfish devotion. Dur-
ing the years which followed her in-
terest in the Missionary cause con-
tinued, and in spite of many duties and
ill-health she gave much valuable help
in furtherance of our W.M.A. May her
promotion to the higher service be a
•call to others to follow in her foot-
steps.”
Mrs. Redfern, of the U.M. College,
Ningpo, writes:
“ I would like to acknowledge the
gifts sent to me last year through Mr.
H. S. Noble from Leeds and also from
Sunderland. We presented them this
Christmas to my Sunday School which
now consists mostly of women with their
young children, and to the members of
Tuesday evening service held in the
College Lodge Chapel, which is com-
posed entirely of men—college servants
and farmers of the neighbourhood. The
large handkerchiefs and soap were much
appreciated by the men and the mufflers
by the women. The articles sent were
very suitable, and it was a joy to us to
see the happiness the gifts brought them.
Twelve of the Hostel girls from the
girls’ school came and entertained us
with action songs and drill, and Mrs.
Swallow sent me twelve gifts to hang
on the tree for them, so they were also
made happy. We ended the proceed-
ings with handing round to all present,
oranges, nuts, and Chinese cakes. Wi11
the children in Leeds and Sunderland,
who so kindly sent me the gifts please
Miss I,. O. Squire, B.A ,
Chao Tong, 1907— [White, Felixstoxve.
To speak at City Temple, April 26th.
(See p. 64).
63


The Work of Our Women’s Auxiliary
accept the thanks of all the Chinese who
received them. Some of the people
expressed their wish that 1 would thank
the kind people in England. May I ex-
press a hope that more gifts may
be sent out to me for next Christmas.
Through the kindness of friends, I have
been able to have a Christmas tree
each year, and would be sorry to dis-
appoint them next Christmas. Please
work now and have the boxes sent out
in October to be sure to get here in
time.
“With this terrible war raging and
probably much poverty at home, I hope
I am not asking too much.”
The passing of Mrs. Gay, of Hols-
worthy, leaves a blank which it will
be hard to fill. A record of her work
for China was given in the Sep-
tember number of the ECHO. She
was indeed a “noteworthy helper.” We
tender our deep sympathy to Mr. Gay
and friends.
MONTHLY PRAYER MEETING.
Hymns:
“ See, Jesus, Thy disciples see! ”
“ Saviour sprinkle many nations.”
“ Speed Thy servants, Saviour,
speed them.”
Scripture: Psalm cxxii.
Praise: For the hopeful spirit which
prevails amongst our members, result-
mg in the formation of new branches
and an increase of members.
Prayer: That Dr. and Mrs. Robson,
with their daughter, may have a safe
journey to China, brightened by a con-
stant realization of God’s presence.
“ Aids to Prayer,” a choice booklet, prepared
by the United Council for Missionary Educa-
tion, may be obtained of the Foreign Secre-
tarv, or Editor of the Echo. Id. each, or
8d. per dozen post free.
Tlje Gpiun? Can?pai£p.
We have received the latest and pos-
sibly final issue of “ National Righteous-
ness,” the organ of the Christian Union
for the suppression of the Opium Traf-
fic. This Union was commenced in
1888. “Seeing that the purpose for
which the Union was established has
now, by God’s blessing, been accom-
plished, the time has come to wind up
the Union’s affairs.” These words are
from the farewell letter of Dr. Max-
well, the chairman of the Committee.
The work, in as far as it will have to be
continued, is now handed over to the
Society for the Suppression of the Opium
Trade, of which the Rev. G. A. Wilson
is Secretary, and the subscribers to the
Christian Union are asked to transfer
their subscriptions thereto. Here we
may gratefully testify to the toilsome
service of the late Mr. Benjamin Broom-
hall and Dr. Maxwell through these
many years in such a laudable cam-
paign. The organ of the Society tak-
ing over the work is “The Friend of
China,” and the address of the office is
181, Queen Victoria Street, London,
THE LONDON MISSIONARY MEETINGS, April 26th.
Afternoon : HOME MISSIONS. 2.30.
Chairman : Mr. W. P. NEDEN Speakers : Dr•
BROOK; Rev. F. BARRETT ; Rev. J. MOORE,
Home Secretary.
Evening: FOREIGN MISSIONS. 6.30.
Chairman : CHARLES H. TURNER, Esq. (Roch-
dale). Speakers : The President of Conference,
Rev. GEORGE PARKER ; Miss LETTIE O. SQUIRE,
B.A., Chao Tong ; Rev. G. W. SHEPPARD, Ningpo ;
Rev. J. PROUDFOOT, Bo, Sierra Leone ; and
Rev. C. STEDEFORD, Foreign Secretary.
All United Methodists who have
seen a vision of the coming time
when Christ shall reign and love
prevail in this world will surely
desire to assemble on this day to
unite their glowing hearts in holy
resolve and kindle to an intenser
heat that holy fire which Christ came
to send upon the earth to destroy all
iniquity.—C. S.
64


church may bear unfailing witness to Thy fatherly love for all men, and clearly
set forth the ideal of human brotherhood to which Christ has called us.
Strengthen the hands of all who are seeking to promote understanding and
concord between the races of the world, and grant that as the peoples of the
West and of the East have been united in war, they may be joined together in
a yet stronger comradeship for the common service of the world, through Jesus
Christ our Lord. Amen.”
From “ Aids to Prayer." Issued by the Standing Committee of the
Conference of Missionary Societies of Great Britain and Ireland.
Wepcbow Ligbt-bearers By tbc Rev
apd bow tboir w. r. stobie.
Torches were bipdled. (-Wenchow, 1897-1906.)
Or HREE years ago the writer, ere
a leaving China, requested the
* Chinese pastors of his district,
Wenchow, to write for him brief sketches
of their lives with special reference to
their conversion to Christianity and
their subsequent
experiences. The
following is a trans-
lation of one of
those a u t o b i o-
graphical sketches.
All these men are
known intimately
to the writer, most
of them have been
so for over fifteen
years, and all of
them for over ten
years. Many of
them passed
through the trying
times of the Boxer
R'pfs, allusion to
which is frequently
made, and have
seen the Wenchow
Church more than
double itself during
May, 1915.
their Christian life. It has been
the writer’s experience and privi-
lege to share their sorrows and appre-
hensions, to comfort some in despond-
ency and persecution, to inspire them
with the Christian hope, to help in their
[Photo : Rev. W. R. Stobie.
Pastor P’an is third
Pastor P’an.
[Mr. Soothill on left. Mr. Sharman on right
from Mr. Soothill in the back row.]


Wenchow Light-bearers
time of loss, to pass many happy times
with others, travelling hundreds of miles
together by land and river and sea;
with some in perils of robbers on the
land, or in perils of pirates and in ship-
wreck by sea, and these experiences
lead him to believe that for true Chris-
tian courage in facing physical dangers,
some of them, at any rate, would be
difficult to surpass.
The story of Pastor P’an (“ Manifest
Luck ” his Christian name) :
I am originally from Sui-an ( = Aus-
picious Peace, a town 25 miles south
of Wenchow), and had four brothers.
Until I was 15 I was employed to herd
buffaloes, then I became engaged in
farming, and at 17 I took to the study
of the military art which I practised until
I was 30 years of age. My disposition
was truculent as that of the tiger. I be-
came the recipient of the Lord’s great
grace when I was 35> meeting with a
gentleman who conducted me to the city
chapel where I heard Pastor Soothill on
the abounding sin of the Sodomites and
how God destroyed them in His anger.
As I heard it my heart was exceedingly
fearful, nevertheless I could not under-
stand its inner meaning, wherefore I
only knew fear, but not repentance.
Afterwards my father became a believer
in the Gospel of Christ, and day and
night exhorted me to believe the Word.
However, I would by no means give
heed to him. At my father’s death his
testimony was such that I began to un-
derstand that this teaching was of such
a nature that all men should believe it.
Henceforth day and night I prayed to
God, and under the power of the Holy
Spirit I also came to have some under-
standing of the Scriptures, receiving the
rite of baptism during the year of the
Boxer Riots (1900). On the 12th day
of the sixth month (Sunday, July 8th,
1900) when the Christians were being
persecuted by lawless characters, Pastor
Stobie was preaching in the city chapel,
comforting the hearts of the members
by saying that if this were from God
we could all rejoice, and if it were from
the devil much less need we fear like
this, for all would receive God’s protec-
tion. In the evening at 8 o’clock we
again gathered (for worship). Pastor
Stobie, in his prayer, said. “O God, we
are neither English nor Chinese, but we
are the subjects of the Kingdom of
Heaven.” When I heard this sort of
praying I was instantly comforted of the
Holy Spirit, and thereafter had not the
least fear. All the members of my
family, male and female, old and young
took God as their leader. Thinking of
these things, it is indeed true that God
loves me, Jesus has saved me, and the
Holy Spirit has helped me.
When I was 40 years of age, I re-
ceived the Lord’s call to go out and
preach, which I have done till now,
eleven years. For nine years I was at
the Lower Islands (about 30 miles east
of Wenchow out at sea) and estab-
lished a circuit of five churches. I was
pastor at Jade Ring Island for two
years. During that time, whether in
happiness or in distress, with my whole
heart I preached the Lord’s Gospel, de-
sirous that men would believe and trust
in the great merit of Jesus.
Note.—The date of the Sunday ser-
vice given above corresponds with
that in the writer’s diary of the events
that transpired during the Boxer Riots
in Wenchow. The following is the note
recorded in that diary, “ I took morning
service (July 8th, 1900, Sunday, corres-
ponding to Chinese calendar 6th month,
12th day). About 200 people there,
several outsiders and 30 or 40 women and
girls among the number. A very quiet
meeting. Mr. Zing* (pastor) took the
afternoon service. Shortly a servant
came in with a startling letter from the
Island (on which the British Consulate is
situated facing the city, and where the
foreign community had taken refuge the
day before) urging our hasty flight. The
doctor urged the speedy termination of
the meeting, and (after the Benediction)
we took our leave, calling at the Com-
pound on the way for some things.
The Taotai was urging the ladies and
missionaries to take his launch, and go
to Shanghai as he was enlisting the
Boxers to serve with the troops up
north. This was in agreement with
the edict of Prince Tuan ; we refused
his offer, but Customs officials and mis-
sionaries took refuge on the Island
(called, from its position, Heart of the
*See March, p. 40.—Ed.
66


Foreign Secretary’s Notes
River). Although the Nanking pro-
clamation had been received, favourable
to foreigners and against the Boxers,
yet the officials took no steps to make it
known. In the evening I went to ser-
vice at the Hospital chapel with Mr.
Sharman (who had had to look after the
ladies, meanwhile, on the Island). Very
few at the service. We slept on the
Island that night.”
<=5=×™
Foreign Secretary’s
Notes.
Encourage- Mr. Worthington is able
inent at to speak of steady if
Meru. quiet progress which has
brightened the past few
months. As dispensers of medical aid
the mission is gaining the confidence of
the people and Mr. Worthington’s one
regret in this connection is that his stay
at the Livingstone College was too short
to enable him to use to the utmost the
opportunities which present themselves
in this department of the work. On some
days the patients require many hours of
hard work. The chief work is in dress-
ing ulcers. The number of patients
would approximate 200 per month.
The evangelistic side of the work also
gives cheering signs of promise. The
attendance at the Sunday service grew
from 50 in October to about 100 in De-
cember and on the Sunday previous to
writing in January there were 160
present. The missionaries find the boys
in the Sunday School receptive and
responsive, as the following lines from
Mr. Worthington’s letter will show.
“ An indication of their mental and
moral state may be gathered from such
incidents as these. .When I told them
of the trick which Jacob with his
mother’s connivance practised upon
Isaac, to obtain the first blessing, they
grinned and thought it rather a smart
piece of work. As they were listening
to the story of the ten plagues sent upon
Pharaoh their sympathies were divided ;
they thought that a man who could hold
out like that was rather a fine fellow,
but after all too great a liar to go un-
punished. They are very responsive to
the great idea of the love of God and
are quite definite in their belief in
eternal life. For the present they have
to learn by rote their hymns, the Lord’s
Prayer, the Apostle’s Creed, etc.” Mr.
By tbe
R«v. C. STEDEfORD.
Worthington hopes to prepare a book of
such translations as may serve as a book
for worship and also as a reader in the
school.
All this is being done before Mr.
Worthington claims to have attained
what he regards as “ preaching pro-
ficiency ” in the use of the language. A
Meru boy from the American Mission
has rendered splendid service as the
regular mission preacher. Notwith-
standing all the difficulties Mr. Worth-
ington can see the evidence of the work-
ing of the Spirit of God and rejoices in
being able to regard a few who have come
most under his influence as sincere be-
lievers. They have not yet been
baptized because the rules of the federa-
tion of missions in East Africa require a
probation of two years before baptism.
We greatly rejoice in these signs of
blessing in our youngest mission, and
we ask our readers to unite in prayer
that the seed being sown in the hearts
of these primitive people may bring
forth an abundant harvest.
In Perils Rev. T. M. Gauge re-
of Robbers. counts some of the dan-
gers encountered by our
preachers in the discharge of their
duties in the lower part of the province
of Chekiang, which is a notoriously
brigand-infested area. During his re-
cent visit to that part of his wide circuit,
a band of four or five hundred robbers
was roaming about the district. He did
not meet them, but he came into close
contact with their evil work. One ham-
let was thrown into a state of great
alarm by the approach of Mr. Gauge
and his party, fearing they might belong
to the robber community, until a man
recognized the visitors and calmed the
people by calling out “They are Chris-


Foreign Secretary’s Notes
tians, they are Christians.” One of our
local preachers was carried off by
brigands when returning from his Sun-
day appointment. One hundred dollars
was asked as ransom money, meanwhile
he was kept a prisoner and somewhat
maltreated. Our preachers and Chris-
tians on the spot worked hard for his
release, principally among the. relatives
of the robbers. After seven, days’ con-
finement he was released on the pay-
ment of sixteen dollars, equivalent to
32 s.; a large sum for people of such
extreme poverty to raise.
A Word to Rev. T. M. Gauge in a
the Wise. recent letter speaks of the
immense value of the hos-
pital work and the splendid asset Dr.
Stedeford is to the mission. He also
drops a hint which I pass on in the
hope that some United Methodist will
be wise enough to take it to heart. He
says, “ I often accompany him (Dr.
Stedeford) on his evening round over
the Hospital and warmly testify to the
great work he is doing. Hospital work
is so absolutely worth while. One can-
not put it too strongly. I could cite
case after case, where but for the hos-
pital, life would have been lost or
ruined. But the Chinese working people
are so desperately poor that many cannot
afford even the very low charges which
the hospital of necessity must make. We
constantly have to aid cases amongst the
Christians, but soon reach the limit of
our resources. Therefore if I were a
United Methodist in England, and could
afford it, one of the first things I would
do would be to endow two or three beds
in the Wenchow Hospital, more es-
pecially for Christians, men, women, or
children, who but for this assistance
must drag out weary days of pain, weak-
ness and approaching death.”
Already we have a number of cots
supported in the way suggested, and it
would be an immense help to our
medical work if the number were con-
siderably increased.
What a In the course of my pere-
Tillage grinations I lighted upon a
Church certain village called Ar-
Can Do. did in the Sandbach Cir-
cuit. The village consists
of a cluster of houses, and the only
building of importance is a workhouse.
Planted in the midst of the village is a
comfortable little United Methodist
sanctuary, the spiritual home of a church
which numbers not more than fourteen
members. But these people have vision;
they see the far-off lands where heathen
darkness reigns and they know the il-
luminating power of the blessed evangel.
Each year they raise Z34 for our mis-
sions, and they find great joy in doing it.
They will tell you that the portion of
The Collegiate Students at Ningpo College. [PerJMr. H. S. Redfern.
68


The Missionary Quarterlies
the annual sale devoted to missions con-
siderably assists their local funds. Here
is a church which is making itself
a means of blessing to distant lands;
and how many village churches would
be quickened into new life, and experi-
ence a new joy, if the same high aims
were cherished and obeyed!
Recent Rev. W. U. Bassett and
Arrivals. Mr. F. Mimmack have re-
cently arrived from East
Africa. Mr. Bassett has been granted
a six months’ furlough on account of the
severe strain through which he has
passed and the unsatisfactory state of
his health which demanded a change.
The death of Mr. Northon and the
severe and prolonged illness of Mrs.
Bassett have given him a term of great
anxiety and labour.
Mr. Mimmack, our agricultural and in-
dustrial missionary, is taking his first
furlough. Rev. J. B. Griffiths speaks
highly of his linguistic aptitudes and
says he has proved a faithful colleague
and a most devoted worker* He re-
cently passed through a very trying ex-
perience at Meru in connection with the
Durning of the schoolhouse, and his own
lealth suffered considerably. On the
whole the climate has been kind
to him, and he has shown much fit-
ness for our work in East Africa. We
pray that our Brethren may soon regain
perfect health, that they may be ready
to resume their duties in due course.
Missionary
Quarterlies.
“ The International Review of Mis-
sionsf Vol. IV., No. 14. April.
2s. 6d. net. Subscription price 8s.
per annum. Oxford University
Press.
Packed full of readable and useful
matter. The article by Maurice S.
Evans on “ Black and White in South
Africa,” deals with a ponderous problem,
the reconciliation of the interests of
native races with the invasion of the
white races, always remembering that
* This appreciation is crowded out this month, to our
regret.—Ed.
rightly adjusted the presence of the
British race must tend to the true wel-
fare of the natives. After an able re-
view of the position he shows the four
possible policies. A sagacious sentence
will show his position. “ It is an easier
oourse to give them nominal equal
rights, as was done in America, and
practically to tell them to look after
themselves, than it is whole-heartedly
and conscientiously to take up the task
of guardianship and development.”
How close this comes to the missionary
question!
A brilliant contribution on “ Christian
Literature in the Mission Field” is from
the pen of the Rev. J. H. Ritson, who is
chairman of the Committee on Christian
Literature appointed by the Continua-
tion Committee. His article embodies
the result of an extensive enquiry under-
taken by that committee during the past
three years, and must be read thorough•
ly to be appreciated. It will surely be
issued separately.
A startling article is that by Mr.
Dwight H. Day, on “ The Work of a
Mission-Board Treasurer.” One can
almost guess the board which claims the
services of such a treasurer, with its two
hundred to a thousand letters per day.
How remarkably they do things in
America! Many treasurers reading
this in our little island will simply be in
despair. They ought to read it, never-
theless.
Space fails to tell of other splendid
articles in this number. “ Missionary
Intercession and the Crisis.” A search-
ing examination of our praying power.
“Self-Support in the Mission Field,”
etc., etc. They are losers indeed who
do not see the I.R.M.
'1The Moslem World,” Vol. V., No. 2.
April, is.
The first two articles deal with Ray-
mond Lull, whose martyrdom took place
six centuries ago, and are by the Rev.
W. T. A. Barber, D.D., and the Rev.
Percy Smith, B.D. “The Roman
Catholic Church and Islam,” “New
Light on the Text of the Koran,”
“Islam in Fiji,” “A Mohammedan
Tract Society,” etc., make up a useful
number on the important question of the
spread of Islam.
69


Tlje Victoria Parlf College
Missionary Deipopstratiop,
Marclj 17m, 1915.
By Mr.
PERCY S.
JOHNSON.
' HOSE who study the annual re-
port will be well aware of the
magnificent support given to
the Connexional Missionary Funds by
our Duke Street Church, Southport. _ It
has now added to its laurels by joining
the list of those churches which have
kindly entertained the demonstration
worked year after year by the Man-
Chester students. Much of the success
of these meetings is necessarily due to
the interest and co-operation of friends
living in the centres where they are
held. This year Rev. T. Nightingale
and his loyal workers rose nobly to the
occasion, and taking into consideration
the trying circumstances under which all
such meetings are now being held, we
owe them a special debt of gratitude.
The choice which fixed on South-
port as the venue was also very popular
because of the Principal’s long connec-
tion with the church. It was a happy
arrangement that Dr. and Mrs. Brook
should be taking their new flock to visit
the old, and that fact seemed to add to
the enjoyment of all concerned. The
party which journeyed from Manchester
was completed by the presence of Rev.
J. T. and Mrs. Brewis and Miss Fox.
Arriving in the forenoon, the visitors
were entertained to lunch through the
generosity of Duke Street friends.
Mr. George Cooke, of Barnsley, had
accepted the invitation to preside at the
afternoon meeting. At the last moment,
however, he was prevented from mak-
ing the journey, and he regretfully ex-
cused himself, sending a liberal dona-
tion to the Demonstration Fund. His
position was filled by Mr. Nightingale.
The first of the students appointed to
speak was the present writer, who de-
cided to deal with the general questions
of impulse and motive governing mis-
sionary work. It is surely a fact of ob-
servation that when the church’s
spiritual vitality is low, the missionary
appeal slackens. On the other hand,
when we are filled to overflowing with
“abundant life,” it is inevitable that we
shall pour forth this life—which is love
—to bless the world.
Mr. A. G. Bennett followed, taking as
his subject, “Factors Overlooked.” He
dwelt on the influence for good or evil
which the quality of our own national
life will always exert upon the success
of our missionary endeavours. We
may be so carried away by the rapture
of a great world-wide ideal that we shall
neglect the little duties that go to make
up an orderly state of society at home.
By every action we are either helping
or hindering the work of the mission-
aries on the field. Mr. Bennett drew a
vivid picture of the effect which our na-
tional sins probably have on the minds
of civilized heathen dwelling in our
midst. He further emphasized the fact
that much depends upon our attitude to
the black and yellow races in every
quarter of the globe. The most ef-.
fective representative of Christendom
in heathen lands is not the Christian
missionary, but the Christian trader.
The afternoon gathering was followed
by a tea kindly provided by a lady mem-
ber of the congregation, and the total
proceeds were thus devoted to the Mis-
sionary cause. We were proud to have
as our evening chairman the new
treasurer of the Foreign Missionary
Fund, Mr. Joseph Ward. Mr. Ward’s
interest in missions is well-known, and
all listened with attentiveness to his
solid counsel in this hour of opportunity.
Mr. N. S. Lobb, who presented the re-
port, specially thanked all the friends
who had in any way assisted the
students in their Demonstration.
Then followed Mr. A. G. Barker,
whose subject was announced as “ Now
or Never.” He pointed out the unrest
now filling the Eastern world, the ad-
vance of Japan, the awakening of
China, the present divisions in the
Mohammedan world. What were the
heathen nations thinking about the
crisis in the West? He instanced the
pitiable spectacle of German mission-
aries interned in India, and referred to
the present bewilderment of the Chinese.
But our humiliation might teach us our
duty as never before. This war was
teaching us the meaning of sacrifice, and
70


The Victoria Park College Missionary Demonstration
it would lead to reconstruction on better
lines. Christianity must speak out and
influence the growing civilizations of the
Far East. The leavening of society
with the spirit of Jesus Christ was the
only way in which wars could be made
to cease.
Mr. F. R. Craddock, the Secretary of
the Demonstra-
tion, then spoke
on the topic,
“ The Church
Militant.” He
said that it is
frequently
thought that war
is necessary for
the cultivation of
qualities of en-
durance. But his
purpose was to
show that there
were other
spheres in which
such virtues were
called forth. In
these depart-
ments of life men
lived for great
ideals, and
needed to be
fully consecrated
to their wo r k.
The missionary
field was clamour-
ing for such men
at the present
moment, and he
could not think
that God created
a demand for ser-
vice without
supplying the
workers. In-
stances of mis-
sionary heroism
came one upon
another, and our
own missionaries
were not for-
gotten. Here was
a field for the
letting loose of
the pent-up
energies of
young manhood,
and the fulfil-
Principal, Tutors, and Students, United Methodist
College, Victoria Park and Ranznoor, 1914-15. [F. B. Wyles, Manchester.
Back row: W. King. C. W. Mann. D. V. Godfrey. H. J. Lewis. S. Gibson.
Second row: A. Dimond, P. W. Luxton. A. G. Bennett, A. G. Barker. J. Burton.
D. D. Dibble.
Third row: C. Littler, F. Lee, N. S. Lobb, A. C. Rees. A. Mason, H. N. Naylor.
Front row: P. S. Johnson, B.A.. Rev. J. S. Clemens. B.A.. D.D , Rev. D. Brook.
M.A., D.C.L., Rev. J. T. Brewis. B.A.. B D.. F. R. Craddock.
71
ment of life’s highest ideals. Mr.
Craddock concluded his address with a
passionate appeal for more workers.
Thus a memorable day ended. The
musical arrangements were very capably
carried out. It is probable that £73
will be reached as the financial result,
being an advance of £14 on last year.


Car Missions ip C^ipa, 1859—1916.
IT is proposed to illustrate our posi-
tion and growth in the great empire
of China by a series of charts, in
the following order:—
North China (1859). See page 56.
South-East China (1864).
South-West China (1885).
II. Tbc South-East China Mission.
By THE EDITOR.
The diagram below epitomizes the
history and progress of the above Mis-
sion, comprising the Ningpo and Wen-
chow Districts, both in the province of
Chekiang. As last month, inferences
from the chart are printed in ordinary
type, the related events in the history
of the Mission in italics.
1864.—Appointment of W. R. Fuller and
J. Mara. Mr. Fuller and his fam-
ily arrived at Ningpo, Oct. 14th.
1865.—J. Mara, after preparation,arrived
j Ningpo, June 12th.
First preaching place opened.
1867.—Appointment of the Rev.F.Galpin,
Arrived Ningpo, Jan. 9th, 1868.
1874.—Seven stations now reported.
1874.—Appointment of the Rev. Robert
Swallow. After preparation
arrived Ningpo, July 1875.
1877. —Rev.R.I. Exley appointed to Wen-
chow. (Mr. Exley died 1881.)
1878. — Wenchow opened.
1882.—Rev. W. E. Soothill appointed to
Wenchow.
1891.—Rev. J. W. Heywood appointed.
5.—Wenchow Hospital opened.
1897. —Rev. IE. R. Stobie appointed.
1898. —Rev. G. IE. Sheppard appointed.
1899. —Ningpo Hospital opened.
1899. —Rev. A. H. Sharman appointed.
1900. — The Boxer Rebellion. VEas not
felt much in Ningpo district:
somewhat seriously in the Wen-
chow district. (See p. 66.)
1904. — Wenchow College opened. Prin-
cipal Chapman appointed 1902.
1905. —Rev. W. Lyttle appointed.
1906. —Ningpo College opened. Principal
Redfern appointed 1902.
1909.—Rev. T. M. Gauge appointed.
1911.—Rev. R. Swallow, M.D., re-
appointed.
1889-14.—Steady growth in both districts.
DIAGRAM
SHOWING THE
GROWTH OF
THE NINGPO
AND
WENCHOW
MISSIONS.
Total Membership
(excluding
Probationers and
enquirers) shown
vertically.
[Drawn by
Mr. J. Isherwood,
Manchester.
72
ft


Noteworthy Helpers.
113. Phyllis Buckley, St. George’s Road,
Bolton.
Phyllis is a mixture of Methodist and
Anglican blood : not a bad mixture from a
missionary point of view. Her mother was
the daughter of the late Mr. Benjamin Mulli-
neaux, one of the first seatholders in the St.
George’s Road Church, her father being an
Anglican Churchman before marriage, but
who now holds the office of circuit missionary
treasurer. Phyllis is fourteen years old, and
has been a collector for eight years, her
amounts increasing substantially from year
to year. Ider effort in 1913 was a record in
our school, but she exceeded that in 1914,
which means a good deal of work, as it is
made up of pence and halfpence. If more of
our young people would “go and do like-
wise ” the desire of our Secretaries would be
realized.
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
£ s. d.
0 14 6
1 0
1 1
2 15
4 8
7 12
8 0
£25 11 4
-Per Mr. Jonathan Wright,
Juvenile Missionary Treasurer.
114. Elsie Nicholas, Hebron, Bedminster,
Bristol.
Elsie Nicholas is the fifth generation associ-
ated with our Hebron Church. She is of a
Phyllis Buckley.
good stock and bears for a young sapling
the mystic green of rich fruitfulness. Her
father is one of our honoured Chapel
stewards, a strong and respected man in the
district where he resides. Her aunties
(the Misses Sperring) are most active in
social work. Elsie has a good parentage, a
kindly heart, and eyes lit with love for the
missionary. There is a transmitted love of
truth and all good causes in Elsie’s home.
The family stock on both sides is serious,
devout, hopeful and reverent : a truly Bible-
loving people. Their eyes brighten as they
look on the Foreign Fields of service,
white unto harvest. They love the cause,
and derive from the work of Elsie a
relation to all good work. They are all con-
scious that the missionary deals with realities,
and, further, that vital issues are at stake.
Our girls are doing well. By what “bell”
may we awaken the heart and hands of our
boys?
1906 ...
1907 ...
1908 ...
1909 ...
1910 ...
1911 ...
1912 ...
1913 ...
1914 ...
1915 ...
£ s. d.
1 11 3
2 11 3
5 0 7
6 6 4
8 5 7
7 4 0
5 3 4
5 7 2
4 16 1
5 3 6
£51 9 1
—Per Rev. T. J. Cox.
Elsie ]Nicholas.
73


Chao-tong to Plymouth
to a village by the riverside, where the
inn accommodation is the worst on the
journey. The next morning we cross
the bridge at Kiang Ti and pass through
some magnificent wild mountain
scenery. The roar of torrent and
cataract, the precipices and giddy
heights gradually lessen as we descend
to the plain, through which׳ flows the
peaceful river, which we had seen in the
morning rushing and foaming with
thunderous noise. The rich mineral
red of the earth, the purples, browns
and other shades of the mountains, the
autumn-tinted foliages of chocolates
and ambers, make the Ichao-siiin
plain not easily erased from the
memory.
It was here we first became aware of
the far-reaching effects of war. Hun-
dreds of coolies were returning to their
homes, because the tin mines in the
South had been closed, that the French
might follow the pursuits of war. How
unexplainable it all is to the Chinese
that Christian nations should be fighting
one another! After five days we reached
Tong Chuan, our old home, and rested
lor the Sunday, and to make pre-
parations for the nine days to the׳
capital. Tong Chuan is beautiful for
situation, lying in a fertile plain en-
sconced in pine-covered mountains.
•Down the river float boats stacked high
with pine wood, for in this district little
coal is burnt, and the distressing sights
of blindness and partial blindness so
prevalent here is caused by this wood'
being burnt in homes without any
chimneys. A short distance out we׳
climb the highest mountain on the
journey—12,000 feet above the sea.
In some of the market towns we
noticed different tribespeople who, as
yet, are without any missionaries. To
the west we saw the white-washed
walls of a Ko-pu chapel and the rough
tracks up the steep mountain sides
where these people make their homes.
Every morning saw us up with the
dawn, partaking of a hurried meal,
packing up our bedding and provisions
for another day’s journey through val-
leys, round mountain sides, past vil-
lages, indescribably poor and dirty. ׳
The chairmen chatted about the good'
[.Rev. H. Parsons.
Part of Tong Ch'uan premises under snow.
75


The Education of Girls in West China
old days that have passed away, when
opium was cheap, and Mandarins, with
their long retinues, dispensed favours
in wines and tobacco among their re-
tainers, when the scholar and not the
military man was the man in power.
The evenings were spent in inns where
you reach the acme of discomfort.
After thirteen days we entered the
Capital City which is being quickly
modernized by the French. Broad
streets are being made, hotels and
European buildings erected. Euro-
pean goods are being sold every-
where, while electric lights make
ghastly some sights that have long
evaded daylight. From here we took
train which in three and a half days
brought us to Haiphong, the seaport of
Hanoi. This is said to be one of the
finest pieces of engineering skill in the
world. Three days by boat from
Haiphong brings us to Hong-Kong.
This was the most unpleasant part of
the journey. A small French boat,
and a strong• monsoon blowing gave us
a very rough passage, so that we ar-
rived ten hours late, with our bridge
partially swept away.
On the “Malta” and “Malwa” we
completed the rest of our journey. The
“ Malwa ” would have been a great
prize, for she carried three million
pounds sterling of cargo and ammuni-
tion. However, we suffered but little
inconvenience because of War. All
lights burned dimly, and sometimes all
deck lights were extinguished and port-
holes darkened. For more than half
the journey the sea was very rough,
which was attributed to the heavy and
extensive artillery firing. We arrived
in England after almost eleven weeks
of travel, and having experienced the
hand of God upon us for good all the
way.
Tl>e Education of
Girls ip West Cl^ipa.
By
Miss SQUIRE, B.A.
IN response to the Editor’s request, 1
send a short account of the Chao-
tong Girls’ School and my connec-
tion with it. At the time of my arrival
on the mission field, my sister Ethel was
carrying on the school in the small in-
expensive premises which had been put
up, when other accommodation proved
insufficient for the scholars who came.
As an aid to the study of Chinese, I
attended the Scripture and certain other
classes in the school; also a few of the
senior girls read Chinese with me.
Gradually, as I was able, I took some
part in the teaching. I remember that
the girls were very good in making the
best of my first crude attempts to speak
their language. As time went on, the
building proved altogether inadequate,
both in extent and condition, until,
finally, the foundation collapsed—-the
ground being marshy. Thus another
and a larger building became an abso-
lute necessity, and school was conducted
in various small guest-rooms on the
mission premises, while my sister, in
addition to all her classes, superintended
the building of a new school. These
premises are a very great improve-
ment on the former ones. I remember
that the large schoolroom was reckoned
sufficient to seat 80 pupils, and, with a
few class-rooms for teaching, we felt we
were set up for years to come. After
my sister left on furlough and I took
over the management of the school num-
bers were still on the increase, until,
after the Revolution, we had so many
girls seeking admission that we were
compelled to refuse some. During the
first half of the year we are especially
crowded, though when harvesting com-
mences the numbers thin out for a time,
as some of the girls are required to help
at home. I had a good-sized new class-
room built two years ago, that being all
the extension possible. Our ground
for recreation and drill is far too small,
and, if the school is to be given a chance
to grow, further buildings will be
needed. For the last two years we have
had 130 names on the roll, exclusive of
others who have come and gone. We
have, during the same period, generally


The Education of Girls in West China
had about 20 boarders,
this number being the
most we can accommo-
date without over-crowd-
ing. There are only two
girls being kept from the
school funds. Could we
afford to accept girls and
support them, naturally
we might have any num-
ber we chose. The an-
nual grant made by our
missionary society for
the ’current expenses of
the school, including
native teachers’ salaries,
was, until quite recently,
only about £20 or /,25•
Even now that the school
has grown so much, we
have only gone up to
about £50, while just
now the grant has been
cut down considerably,
so that it is only between
£30 and ;640. So you
see we have to practise
strict economy, and can
afford to buy no expen-
:sive apparatus—in fact,
we have to rely upon the
resourcefulness of our
local carpenter to pre-
pare as much as pos-
sible. As we have so
many poor children
attending our school we
cannot make fees com-
pulsory without shutting
the door against them, as well as against
those scholars whose parents would re-
fuse to pay, seeing that Government
schools are free. Moreover, our aim is
to influence for gqod as many as we can,
and if they will comply with our rule of
unbinding their fe.et, and are prepared
to listen to Bible-teaching, then we do
not wish to refuse them admittance. An
endeavour has, however, been made to
impress upon them a sense of responsi-
bility with regard to the upkeep of the
school, and. during each of the last two
years over $70 have been paid in volun-
tary school fees. There are, among our
scholars, the miserably poor and the
[Chinese photographer.
About half of these are Nosu, the rest Chinese.
Chao Tong School•
Another group of seniors.
well-to-do ; we have city girls chiefly,
but also a good number from the coun-
try; there are Chinese and Nosu ; we
have them of all ages from four years to
over twenty, and in all stages of pro-
gress, even where ages are the same;
yet all these girls mix freely together—
the rich and the poor sit side by side.
May I request the prayers of our
people for our school ? I ask them also
to remember that, although Government
Girls’ Schools are being established in
Chaotong, our mission school is the only
one in which the girls are taught the
Christian religion, and trained to be
Christians.
78


Foreigp Secretary’s
Notes.
Menchow About ioo delegates, re-
District presenting eight circuits,
Meeting. assembled in Wenchow on
March 5th, for the annual District
Meeting. This is one of the most, im-
portant meetings of its kind in the
United Methodist Church. Few Dis-
trict Meetings have to survey so wide a
field and such a variety of work and in-
terest as are there represented. It is
in these gatherings the representatives
of the circuits are being trained in
methods of Church government. The
first day was devoted to the dis-
cussion of circuits and institutions. All
the city institutions—hospital, col-
lege and schools — were able to
report gratifying progress. The
numerical returns revealed an increase
in membership; at the same time
there were churches which had grown
cold, calling for special attention.
The subjects discussed on the second
â– Wencfiowi The IVlission House-Bout.
[Photo.: Rev. A. H. Shartnan.
By tbe
R«v. C. STEDEFORD.
day indicate the stage of development
the church has attained and the im-
mediate needs it experiences. The
subjects were, “ The need of realizing
the solidarity of the Church.” “ Sugges-
tions for bringing enquirers to bap-
tism,” and “ Plans for increasing Church
contributions.” A Committee was ap-
pointed to give practical effect to the
suggestions received.
On the Sunday morning the city
Church was crowded with not less than
nine, hundred people. A memorable
service was conducted by Rev. J. W.
Hey wood and Pastor Ng. In the after-
noon the delegates gathered at the City
Sunday School to see the working of
that prosperous institution. The Dis-
trict Meeting expressed its esteem for
Mr. and Mrs. Heywood, in view of their
departure for furlough, by the presenta-
tion of beautiful silk and soapstone
panels. One unique act of Christian
sympathy we shall all greatly ap-
predate; the Chinese Secretary
was asked to send a letter to our
Annual Conference humbly assur-
ing the English Churches of the
affection and sympathy of the
Wenchow Church at this time of
war.
The missionaries were delighted
with the District gathering, and
Mr. Gauge concludes his report by
saying, “ This Annual District
Meeting has marked a distinct ad-
vance on the preceding ones, and
both by its spirit and the decisions
arrived at will have far-reaching
and beneficial consequences in the
Wenchow Church.”
A Noble Gift The members of the
from One of Redruth Conference
Onr Chinese will not forget the
Members. earnest appeal made
by Dr. Candlin for a
number of scholarships, to provide
students with the best training for
the Chinese ministry. He longed
to secure endowed scholarships,
which would provide in perpetuity
for the training of an efficient
ministry. Any one who reflects for a
84


Foreign Secretary’s Notes
moment must see that the future of our
Church in China must, on the human
side, depend chiefly upon the type and
standard attained by our Chinese minis-
ters. The first to respond to this ap-
peal is one of our members in China,
Mr. Chang Feng Lung, of Hsien Shui
Ku in the Tientsin Circuit. Immedi-
ately at the close of the District Meet-
ing he called upon Rev. F. B. Turner
and said he had been impressed by the
appeal for a scholarship fund for our
students in Peking; thereupon he pro-
duced 1,000 dollars and handed them to
Mr. Turner for investment in China,
the interest to support one of our
students in Peking. This 1,000 dollars
would represent about £100 in sterling,
but that would not represent really the
greatness of the gift. It must be
measured by the standard of values in
China ; and if it is to be estimated by
comparison it must be regarded in Eng-
lish terms as equivalent to a sum suf-
ficient to endow a scholarship in
one of our training colleges, and
that would not be less than
£600.
This gift proves the intelli-
gence and devotion displayed by
many Chinese Christians. There
are many who would follow this
example if they had the means.
Think of our Miao Christians
contributing out of their poverty
toward the support of a preacher
in preparation at Chentu. Dr.
Candlin says, “ I am proud of the
fact that one of our Chinese
members has been the first to
contribute to this fund. If this
will not stimulate our friends at
home to do something I do not
know what will.”
for want of funds and there is no imme-
diate prospect of adequate help being
obtained from our ordinary income.
The Committee therefore proposes to
invite individuals, churches, or schools
to give, in addition to ordinary income,
scholarships of £10 per year for four
years to cover the ordinary course of a
student’s training. Under these pro-
posals it is designed, as scholarships
are received, to distribute them among
the various Districts in China. These
four-year scholarships, involving no
obligation beyond the four years, form
the simplest and easiest way of meeting
the present demand. It is hoped, how-
ever that some friends will be willing to
follow the example of the Chinese mem-
ber, and to endow a scholarship with a
capital sum which will yield in per-
petuity the interest sufficient to train a
preacher. Some may be willing to be-
queath a sum for this purpose. Some
may be ready to honour departed
friends by establishing such a memorial
The Committee has
The long felt the su-
Committee’s preme importance
Proposals. of giving better
training to our
preachers in China. The estab-
lishment of central union Theo-
logical Colleges in which differ-
ent missionary societies unite in
a scheme for training preachers
shows how this prime necessity is
realized by all societies working
in China. We have been hindered saadside^Sbrlae. Up Country, Wenchow. [Rev. T. M. Gauge
85


The Observatory
in their names. Fifty endowed scholar-
ships would supply the most pressing
need of our Church in China to-day.
Tlie Debt Since the Redruth Con-
Fund: Final ference the Debt Fund
Statement. has received £269 5s. 5^•
This money has come
from circuits which could not honour
their engagements earlier and we much
appreciate their fidelity to their word. The
last payment was received on May 1st.
The Conference list, inaugurated so
splendidly at Halifax in 1913, realized
£9,492 7s. 3d., the District efforts
brought in a total sum of
£18,984 17s. iod.; interest added be-
fore the Redruth Conference amounted
to £321 13s. 2d., making the grand
total sum of £28,798 18 s. 3d. After
meeting the debts as they stood at the
last Conference there is now a reserve
fund in the Bank of £3,200 19s. 4d.
We dare not contemplate what would
have been our position to-day but for
this fine achievement, and every person
who had any share in it will find an
ample reward in its complete success.
We shall never cease to praise God for
the inspiration and guidance so mani-
festly given to our Church.


Observatory.
SERBIA.
w
kE have a letter from the Serbian
Legation enclosing appeal for
the relief of suffering caused by
the war. The touching appeal is worthy
of being printed, but it is impossible to
spare space. The Legation address is
195 Queen’s Gate, London, S.W.
A BIT OF HISTORY.
The Rev. John Hinds writes:—
“When I was a student at Forest Hill
Dr. Cooke had a letter and a subscription
from the Rev. Samuel Dunn, of Wesleyan
Reform fame, which subscription he kept
up yearly till his death. So there was a
true Missionary bond between the
U.M.F.C. and the M.N.C. Missions.”
A ONE-MAN REPUBLIC.
Mr. Hinds also sends a cutting from
the “Peking and Tientsin Times” with
the above suggestive title. The writer,
Mr. W. R. Giles, states and seems to
prove the following position:—
“Our fond hopes of freedom and con-
stitutional rights have been rudely shat-
tered. All signs of a Republican form of
government have disappeared and in its
place there prevails a military despotism
all powerful and far-reaching. China is a
Republic in name only, and while Presi-
dent Yuan Shih Kai has not assumed the
title and rank of Emperor, he has taken
upon himself the powers and prerogatives
of one. His government is autocratic in
THE EDITOR.
the extreme, and has all the characteristics
of an unlimited monarchy.”
Mr. Hinds then says:—•
“ It is scathing, but it sums up the situa-
tion fairly correctly. In some respects the
people are worse off than under the old
regime. We have a magistrate here in
Lanchow, who is a terror—not to evildoers,
but to the law-abiding.”
On a more congenial topic he says :
“Our people at a village 10 li from here
are building ai church entirely at their own
expense. One of the leaders is giving the
bricks from his own kilns.”
WENCHOW COLLEGE.
News is just to hand that out of the
five students who sat for diploma in this
year’s examinations four were success-
ful. This is a fine proportion. It is
pleasing to hear that all are members
of the church.
CHAIN BAR, MANCHESTER.
The Second Springtide Festival of the
Chain Bar Sunday School was cele-
brated on Saturday, March 27th. The
portrait on the opposite page represents
the second class of young ladies, who as-
sisted by Mr. and Mrs. Nichol (who are
in the centre) prepared and rendered
the programme. Over £5 10s. was col-
lected for missions. The Chain Bar
Church with 57 members sent this year
£23 ns. 2d. to the Mission Fund, aver-
age 8s. 3d. per member.
86


The Wesleyan Missionary Centenary, 1813—1913
Mr. Lunt at 3 Tudor Street, Blackfriars,
London, E.C.
“AIDS TO PRAYER.”
We were in error in April (see p.
64) in saying that these were issued by
the United Council for Missionary Edu-
cation. They proceed from the Stand-
ing Committee of the Conference of
Missionary Societies of Great Britain
and Ireland, and are published by the
U.C.M.E. As stated, the booklet may
be obtained of the Foreign Secretary or
Editor of the Echo at id. each or 8d.
per dozen post free.
JAMAICA.
We regret to record the fact that the
Rev. William Griffith, of Jamaica, has
passed from earthly service. He died
on March 29th. We shall insert a
sketch of him in our next number.
On February 2nd there also passed
from the Kingston Church a man who
had rendered long and excellent service
to the cause of Christ in Jamaica—John
Bennet Armstrong, who was born
March 18th, 1836. The Rev. Francis
Bavin preached his memorial sermon to
a crowded congregation in Hanover
Street Church on March 7th.
Tlje Wesleyap Missionary
Ceptepary, 1813—1913.
We are glad to receive the complete
report of one of the most admirably-
organized pieces of work seen for a long
time. So far as a swift glance indicates,
every Wesleyan circuit and probably
every church in Great Britain and Ire-
land sent some contribution, amounting
in the aggregate to about £250,000,
while about £25,000 came from foreign
districts. The working expenses of the
huge undertaking were about £15,000
■—not too large considering the almost
faultless organization and the princely
result. One of the concluding para-
graphs reads as follows :—
“The Centenary movement has succeeded
beyond our hopes. We set out with the
hope of raising a fund of £260,000; we
have received, including interest earned,
£284,000; and this gift has been received
without any undue pressure on the Church.
We have asked no one a second time; we
have suggested to no person or place what
their gift should be; we have advertised
no names; and we have reproached no one
for giving little or for withholding alto-
gether. ”
Chain Bar Young Ladies’ (second) Class. [Per Rev. W. Richardson.
87


The Lopdop
Missiepary Deipopstraticp,
April 26th, 1915•
£|-HERE was some foreboding lest
I the European heartache would
“ affect prejudicially our City
Temple meetings. It did, but not in
finance, as will be seen: and yet, in
song, in applause, in greeting, there
was indication of a suppressed solicitude
which made the meetings strange, as
though we were rejoicing when we
should not; for while we met in com-
fort and ease strange sad things were
happening within a hundred miles of
us. How was it possible for this not to
affect us, when so many who were there
had sons and brothers who had nobly
responded to the national call? And
yet again, the meetings were just
splendid; the speaking excellent, the
enthusiasm, if suppressed, strong,
though “ some natural tears ” would
well up, as we thought of other things.
W. P. Neden. [Tear, Clapham.
The frequent and inevitable reference
to the titanic struggle by the speakers
also served to keep the atmosphere
heavy: but we would not and could not
have it otherwise. If this were the
only price we had to pay—happy should
we be.
Heme Missions.
The strain on every nerve was in-
dicated in the first sentence our optimis-
tic secretary gave us. Mr. Moore said
it had been a year of exceptional stress.
Just as we were rejoicing in the free-
dom from debt, secured by the her-
culean effort which culminated at
Redruth in July, we were plunged into
the European conflict. This burden
was only partially indicated by the
wish of some nine circuits to diminish
their ministerial supply. On the other
hand he could report satisfactory pro-
gress at South Durham Street, Sunder-
land, and in the South Yorkshire Mis-
sion. The work of the Deaconess In-
stitute and Mr. R. T. Buttle had been
steadily carried Qn, and much blessing
had resulted. Especially did he rejoice
in the way in which the war had
brought out the heroism of our young
men, and that the spiritual side of this
great campaign had been met by the
appointment of several chaplains, and
the determination to take our share in
building huts, for social and religious
work in the camps. He appealed for
larger offerings for this work: only
£700 had been received and they would
see that the Rev. Henry Smith was
hoping to secure at least ;£2,000. He
hoped this would be forthcoming.
The Chairman, Mr. W. P. Neden, said
that as village work had been dealt with
last year he thought he might treat of
the tremendous difficulties attending
work in London. London church work
was attended with a struggle which
our provincial friends could not under-
stand. He believed the large majority
of those who attended church in Lon-
don neither knew nor cared about con-
stitution or Conference: they went to
worship, and if they found themselves
88


The London Missionary Demonstration
comfortable in that one respect every-
thing else was unimportant. Then the
population was so migratory and church
buildings were left stranded. There
was a lack of united effort, so that some
worthy workers grew tired. There was
nothing easier than to “ give up.” We
keep our village churches open for a
few good souls, why not the town
churches ? He called the meeting to en-
thusiasm, service, and withal patience.
Dr. Brook was heartily welcomed,
and he mentioned the fact of his com-
mencing his ministry in London. His
buoyancy so belied the figures he gave
that we forbear to mention them.
He dwelt on the fact that United
Methodism needed to realise its unity.
Europe was engaged in a herculean ef-
fort to “ save its soul.” Here a touch-
ing reference to Albert, King of the
Belgians, who, as the “ Punch ” car-
toon so well put it, had lost all but—his
soul. The ideal of human brotherhood
must be real. We cannot fight in
Flanders or the mission field without
co-operation at home. Progress is de-
pendent on reinforcements, as well as
on the missionary. Through the zeal
of our fathers our distant frontier is
long, but in the strength of our God we
shall be equal to it. Home Missions
will bear a special emphasis to-day. We
have a knowledge of God and so we try
to infuse the world with religious ideals.
Five years of irreligion in a village or
town will leave a dark streak. After a
beautiful picture of the value of the
church of Christ in these sad times, and
in all times, the speaker emphasized
the following principles:—
I. We must act in harmony with
the orders of our unseen General.
.2. Our last man and our last shilling
must be at His disposal.
3â–  Sacrifice is the very fibre of our
Christian faith..
The Rev. F. Barrett expressed the
belief that his presence there that day
was a recognition of his association
with the meetings as secretary for
several years, a remark which was
cordially confirmed. He then ׳ gave a
strong, well-conceived, and happily-
phrased address. We need to realise
Home Missions as a deliberate and or-
ganized campaign. A clearer vision of
our militant mission would give us a
nobler passion for its fulfilment. Have
we an adequate Home base? Are we
ready for an attack ? Of all the people
with whom God cannot work the chief
are those who think He cannot win.
We often have strength for the trivial
things of church life and none for the
essential. Our work is a campaign,
not a picnic. An effective plan of cam-
paign would call out the latent talent of
our young men as the war had. Sup-
posing we have been putting the claims
of Christ too low! Let us ask them for
sacrifice, not offer them comfort, and
there may be a quick and eager
response.
Mr. John Gee made the announce-
ments and appealed for response to a
challenge of Mr. Neden, that in addi-
tion to his offering as chairman he would
give a further sum of £$ if four others
would give the same. As we write this
held of service is still open for candi-
dates.
Mr. C. H. Turner. [Kay, Rochdale.
89


The London Missionary Demonstration
Foreign Missions.
The evening meeting was well-
attended, though the great building
was not quite full. The Rev. C. Stede-
ford gave a rapid survey of the foreign
field and the work done therein, and as
was inevitable referred to the incidence
and hindrance of the war. He made a
happy reference to the fact that there
were two missionaries on the platform
who could carry our thoughts back for
nearly 50 years, Mr. Galpin, who went
to China in 1867, and Mr. Soothill who
went in 1882. What should we do in
the next 40 or 50 years? There was
an outcry for extension on every hand
in the foreign field, and yet we seem
scarcely able to sustain the work we
have already. He pleaded for a
sublimer enthusiasm, and a truer spirit
of sacrifice.
Mr. C. H. Turner, as the son of a
well-tried friend, Mr. Robert Turner, of
Rochdale, received a splendid welcome.
He expressed his deep sympathy with
the cause which had made the meeting
possible. We were living in abnormal
times, and we were tempted to the fre-
quent query, “ Is this the sort of thing
Rev. Jas. Praudfaat, Jamaica, 1885—1896; [Simiiett, Burton-on-Trent.
"West Africa, 1897—1914.
we are to expect ? ” It was a strange
sad experience and he hoped we should
still prove ourselves equal to the claims
made upon us. After the war is over
there would still be the old and glorious
campaign for life to the world, not
death, a warfare which would not put
towns and cities into ruin, but con-
tribute to their truest good. This
struggle would appeal to all. He
feared that too often the missionary
afar had felt himself alone. We must
show him that he has gone at our com-
mand, and that the needful support shall
be given him. This brief and strong ap-
peal to the best in us was highly appre-
dated by the audience.
The President was called upon to
distribute certificates to all young
people in the London District who had
collected £1 and over. Their number
was nearly 100. With an interesting
story of a reward of 2d. in his boyhood,
the President went on to cheer and en-
courage the young folk to whom the
certificates were presented. He then
gave a too-brief address. When the
war is over there will still be sin, and
sorrow, and suffering. Christian mis-
sions were inevit-
able: whenever and
wherever there was
a Church of Christ
the efflorescence
would be Christian
missions.
In the enforced
absence through
temporary illness of
Miss Lettie Squire,
B.A., Mrs. T. But-
ler, the President of
the W.M.A., was
called upon to speak.
She rejoiced that the
organization she re-
presented was re-
cognised as a divi-
sion of the United
Methodist Army;
and they were
11,000 strong. They
were glad to take
some part in the
effort to evangelize
the world, and their
flag was the flag of
90


United Methodism in East Africa
the Cross. They were now raising
■£1,000 more per year than the
three sections did in pre-union days.
Naturally they were specially in-
terested in the work amongst women
and children, and never was the vision
of the need greater. Notwithstanding the
stress of the last few months many new
branches had been formed. As Mrs.
Butler proceeded in her review of the
excellent work one could not help re-
membering Mrs. Browning’s - words—
“Man’s need of woman here,
Is greater than the woman’s of the man.”
The Rev. G. W. Sheppard, as was
expected, gave an address of such rare
quality that we have asked him to allow
us to print it in full. It will appear as
early as possible.
The Rev. J. Proudfoot, on retiring
from 29 years’ tropical service well
represented Western Africa. He
pleaded that the African must not be
treated as a joke. He must be ele-
vated, but elevated on African lines.
He must not, and cannot be, made into
a European. We must not summarily
brush aside even human sacrifice, lest
we eliminate sacrifice itself from his
creed. There was a tendency to
change the clothing and name, and yet
that was not the change we sought.
The African is not to be for ever a
hewer of wood and a drawer of water
for the rest of the world. We must
train him in the light of the Christ-
spirit, for God hath made of one blood
all nations of men to dwell on the face
of the earth.
The chairman of the District, the
Rev. C. H. Poppleton, expressed thanks
to all who had contributed to the sue-
cess of the gatherings, and Mr. S.
Arnold had the joy of making the an-
nouncement that the proceeds of the de-
monstration were about £475, more
than double last year’s result; which had
been made possible not only by dona-
tions of £25 from Mr. Neden, and £100
from Mr. C. H. Turner, but by two
anonymous gifts of £100 each, one
from the London district, and one from
the provinces. This glorious result in
war-time was exceptionally gratifying.
J. E. S.

Cpitcd Met^odisrp
ip East Africa.
ALTERNATIVE C.E. TOPIC, JUNE 20th. Text Book :
Tl>e Beginning of the Mission•
By the Rev. F- BARRETT.
“Coast and Hinterland in Africa, pp. i—n.״״
THE first Annual Assembly of the
United Methodist Free Churches
was held at Rochdale in 1857. In
1858 Free Methodists began to talk
about the need of the denomination
turning its attention to the evangelizing
of some heathen race, and Africa at
once appealed to their imagination, and
called for their sympathy. A report of
the Assembly held in 1861 says, “Mis-
sions opened in Eastern Africa with
considerable enthusiasm.” That early
endeavour to reach and save a purely
heathen people is an eloquent testimony
to the missionary zeal of the founders
and first members of Free Methodism.
It is for us worthily to maintain what
they so nobly started.
THE OPENING OE THE DOOR.
There is something romantic about
the choice of the East African field and
the commencement of the work there.
Just at the time •men were discussing
Africa as a field for missionary enter-
prise a book entitled, “ Travels, Re-
searches, and Missionary Labours, dur-
ing an Eighteen Years’ Residence in
Eastern Africa,” by the late Dr. J.
Lewis Krapf, fell into the hands of the
late Charles Cheetham, Esq., who was
at that time Connexional Treasurer.
That was not an accident, but a Divine
arrangement. Dr. Krapf was invited
to meet the Missionary Committee: an
invitation to which he responded with
great cordiality and earnestness. A
meeting was held in Manchester on the
14th of November, i860, and it was re-
solved that a missionary enterprise in
Eastern Africa be undertaken. The
doctor recommended that four men, at
least, should be selected for the work,
91


United Methodism in East Africa
and nobly offered to accompany them,
instruct them in the language of the
country, advise them in the selection of
localities, introduce them to the chiefs,
and assist them to commence their
operations. He also recommended that
two of the four men required be taken
from the Missionary Training Institu-
tion at Chrichona, Switzerland. His
recommendations were endorsed, the
'two Swiss selected and appointed, and
an appeal made to the Free Churches
for men from the ranks of the ministry.
To this appeal eight young men
â– responded, and Revs. Thos. Wakefield
and J. Woolner were appointed. Little
time was lost, and the party reached
Zanzibar on the 7th of January, 1862.
THE GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION.
The first mission station was com-
menced at Ribe, in Nyikaland. Subse-
quently stations were established in
Duriima, at Jomvu and Mazeras. It
was not until 1884 that work was com-
menced at Golbanti, on the Tana River.
For full details as to geographical posi-
tion, “ Coast and Hinterland ” should
he studied. Here it must suffice to say
that our stations are in a sub-equatorial
situation, lie within the boundaries of
British East Africa, and bring our
workers into contact with two distinct
peoples, the Nyikas and the Gallas.
MAN’S EXTREMITY, GOD’S OPPORTUNITY.
The mission in East Africa was
originated with great spirit, no reason-
able expense was spared, and every-
thing that human foresight could sug-
gest to secure success was done: san-
.guine hopes were entertained and con-
fident expectations of the Divine bless-
ing cherished: and yet at the com-
mencement the enterprise seemed on
the verge of failure. Within a few
months of the settlement at Ribe only
one of the five missionaries sent out
remained. Dr. Krapf honourably ful-
filled his promise, and returned. The
two Swiss missionaries, who had
probably mistaken their calling, retired.
Rev. J. Woolner, completely broken
down in health, could only live by leav-
ing Africa. Fortunately, t'he Mission-
ary Committee of the Free Churches
did not lose its faith in God: its faith
was severely tried, but not shaken:
it took firmer hold of the Divine pro-
raises, and no thought of giving up the
mission was entertained. God did not
fail the men who put their trust in Him.
Only one man remained, but what a
man ! For twenty-five years Thomas
Wakefield “ held the fort,” and did
work that made future success certain.
And further, no man who• knows the
story of Charles New’s call and conse-
cration can doubt that God came to the
help of a people whose faith lived
through great discouragement.
In 1885, Rev. Joseph Kirsop wrote,
“ The East African Mission has always
been popular in the Connexion. It is
dear to Free Methodists as their first
mission to a purely heathen people: as
the burial-place of devoted men and
women, whose memory will be cherished
for years to come: and the scene of
the devoted labours of the heroic Thos.
Wakefield. The worth of such a mis-
sion has not to be tested by the num-
bers it returns. It is ‘ a light in a dark
place,’ which, I trust, will ‘shine more
and more unto the perfect day.’
The United Church, now responsible
for the mission so nobly begun, and in
which the Hand of God is so apparent,
will join in the love and the prayer.
“ The War apd the Future.”
A VERY important and timely pamph-
let, with the above title, has been
issued, as the result of the recent Con-
ference at Chester organized by the
joint committee of the Laymen’s Mis-
sionary Movements of England, Scot-
land and Ireland. Among the men
who have shared in its preparation are:
Viscount Bryce, O.M., Sir M. Dods-
worth, Sir Philip Baker Wilbraham, Sir
Geo. Macalpine, Mr. C. A. Flint, Mr. J.
H. Oldham, M.A., Mr. Kenneth Mac-
lennan, Mr. Albert Head, Mr. Charles
Eason, Mr. W. Jacob, Mr. H. Me-
Cleery, and Mr. T. R. W. Lunt, secre-
tary of the Committee.
We have no space to print even the
briefest selections from the pamphlet,
and this is the less necessary as copies
of the paper may be obtained free in
small quantities from Mr. C. T. Bate-
man, 3 Tudor Street, Blackfriars, Lon-
don, E.C.


Noteworthy Helpers.
115. Annie Hall, Allen Street Sunday
School, Sheffield.
Annie commenced collecting in 1907 and
during the eight years she has been collector
has the following amounts to her credit—
also the distinction of being the highest
collector each year.
£ s. d.
1908 2 10 3
1909 2 14 0
1910 3 0 6
1911 3 6 10
1912 3 9 4
1913 3 18 0
1914 4 2 9
1915 4 2 4
£27 4 0
116. Ethel Collins, Lady Lane Sunday
School, Leeds.
Ethel has collected for Missions, without
intermission, since she was six years of age,
and has achieved difficulties :— the following amid many
£ s• d.
1904 1 7 6
1905 1 8 5
1906 1 5 4
1907 1 1 9
1908 1 1 10
1909 1 4 9
1910 1 3 2
1911 ;.. i io 0
1912 1 5 2
1913 1 3 0
1914 1 3 0
1915 1 4 4
;£14 18 3
—Per Mr. J. A. Spencer, Missionary Secre-
tary.
Annie Hall, Sheffield.
—Per Miss May P. Coxah, Juvenile Mis-
sionary Secretary.
Ethel Collins.
93



Our Missions ip Cljipa, 1859 to 1915.
WE are illustrating our position and
growth in the great empire of China
by a series of charts, in the follow-
ing order :—
North China (1859). See page 56.
South-East China. (1864). See page 72.
South-West China (1885).
III.
Tbc South-West Ch*na Mission.
By the Rev. J. A. DOBSON.
The diagram below epitomizes the history
and progress of the above Mission, com-
prising the circuits in the Province of
Yunnan.
1884 Rev. J. Hudson Taylor and
Mr. Benjamin Broomhall,
of the China Inland Mis-
sion, addressed the Con-
ference on the needs and
claims of China. Confer-
ence resolved to send tw'o
brethren.
1885 Revs. T. G. Vanstone and
S. T. Thorne set apart
for China. Great en-
thusiasm and liberality.
A remarkable baptism of
the Holy Spirit. They
sailed on November 4th.
Arrived at Shanghai,
December 24׳th. Reached
Chao Tong (Yunnan),
June 23rd, 1886, nearly
eight months after leav-
ing England.
1886 Revs. S. Pollard and F. J.
Dyrnond sailed for China.
Worthy of note that three
of the first four mis-
sionaries were ministers’
sons.
1888 Mr. Vanstone baptized first
converts. Seven mem-
bers reported.
1889-95 Exceptional difficulties.
Two missionaries—Revs.
T. G. Vanstone and S. T.
Thorne — died. Several
more greatly afflicted.
Work in the capital had
to be suspended. No
members reported. Yet
the missionaries saw
many indications that a
delightful change was
coming.
1896-1903 Slow but real growth.
Much excellent work
done, Educational and
Medical, as well as Evan-
gelistic. Dr. Savin’s
medical work most valu-
able. Many riots. Premises in the
capital destroyed, and work again
abandoned. Missionaries lost all
possessions. Most of them had to
return to the coast for safety.
Strong pressure on native Chris-
tians to deny their Lord. Nearly
all remained faithful.
1904 Membership reached 100 for the first
time. Several native preachers on
probation.
1904-05 Unprecedented year. Hundreds
of Miao tribe visit the Chao Tong
Mission-house to hear the Gospel
DIAGRAM SHOWING THE GROWTH OF THE
WEST CHINA MISSION.
Total Membership (excluding Probationers and enquirers)
shown vertically. [Diagram by Mr. Dobson.
94


The Work of Our Women's Auxiliary
story. Dr. Lilian Grandin — our
first lady doctor—accepted.
1906-09 Wonderful work among the Miao.
Several thousands received salva-
tion. Rarely in missionary history
has this record been equalled. Ex-
cellent work also being maintained
among the Chinese wi.h gratifying
success. Nosu work begun.
1909-11 Check. Many reverted to pre-
Christian customs.
1912 Splendid recovery notwithstanding
revolution in the Province. Work
among the Nosu tribe highly sue-
cessful. Hundreds baptized.
1912-13 Chao Tong baptisms over 100 for
the year—“an honour we have never
previously had.”
Yet another tribe—the Kopu—seeking
out the missionaries in thousands.
Miao and Nosu work still making re-
markable progress.
1914 A conservative report of the Kopu says
there are 2,000 eager inquirers. The
tenth annual Miao report speaks of
several hundred baptisms. Among
the Nosu there are ׳abounding oppor-
tunities and great successes.
An outstanding element of the movement
among the tribes is that they have built
many chapels entirely at their own expense.
Marvellous though the successes have been,
they would be very much greater if more
agents could be employed.
One explanation of the Chart is necessary.
Prior to the Union members on trial were
included in the total. But as it is decided to
exclude probationers or enquirers this plan
has been adopted in the Chart from 1907—
the date of the Union. An extraordinary
feature is that there are no fewer than 9,474
members on trial, a large proportion of
whom will probably be returned as members
within two years.
By Mrs. KNIGHT.
THE Connexional year is drawing
to its close, and we hope to give
a statement recording the results
of the W.M.A. work, in our July num-
ber. We are able to say that a good
year’s work has been done, the W.M.A.
has helped in a large degree to avert a
decrease in the missionary income. I
have heard of one branch, which in its
first year raised over £$, and saved the
circuit from a decrease, giving an in-
crease of £2 instead of a decrease of
Z3. Duffield Branch (Belper) has also
prevented a decrease in the circuit mis-
sionary income, by raising 7,5 7s. This
branch is one year old. Crewe, another
one-year-old branch, has raised over £ך.
Grimsby W.M.A. report shows an in-
crease of members, and an income of
£29 ios. 8d., which is an increase of
£3 7s• 5d. And Downham Circuit re-
ports a branch recently formed, with
54 members and £5ז i6s. for the funds.
95
Suchâ–  instances of loyalty and devoted
services abound.
The Annual Demonstration in the
City Temple, London, was a huge sue-
cess. The Home Mission report re-
vealed the fact that 12,000 of our men
are engaged in the war; their absence
making it necessary for those at home to
increase their gifts of time and money.
The singing of Miss Louie Stubbs
helped us to realize in a fuller degree
tha.t “ The Lord is mindful of His own."
The speakers drew our attention to
the fact that there is a spiritual warfare
to be waged, in which we may all share.
Deep heart-searching questions were
asked. Has the Church represented
the Christian religion in its true light;
or, has the standard been lowered and
so made it appear as something of not
mudh value ? If the religion of Jesus
had been shown to the young men of
our churches as a thing worth fighting


The Work of Our Women’s Auxiliary
and dying for,
would they not
have responded to
its call as eagerly
as they have done
to the call of King
and Country?
Mr. C. H. Tur-
ner, one of our de-
nomination’s great
young men, pre-
sided over a large
audience, at 6.30.
The Foreign Secre-
tary reported that
we have 32,000
members in China,
413 chapels, 3,000
scholars, and no
schools. The work
in East and West
Africa advances,
and is in a hopeful
condition.
Rev. G. W. Shep-
pard, of Ningpo, in
an eloquent ad-
dress, dealt with
the question of the
effect of the pre-
sent war on China,
and showed that it
may even result in
good to that
country.
Miao Christian
Woman, Yunnan.
[Rev. H. Parsons.
Rev. J. Proudfoot, of West Africa,
gave an interesting glimpse of that
country and its people. He showed us
clearly that what Africa wants is not
England’s customs and fashions, but
England’s God.
Great disappointment was felt at the
absence, through ill-health, of Miss L.
O. Squire, B.A., but Mrs. T. Butler, our
President, proved an admirable sub-
stitute. She gave an outline of the
Auxiliary’s work and told us that last
year the Auxiliary raised £1,000 over
and above what the three denomina-
tions raised by women’s work before
they were united.
The President presented 91 cer-
tificates to young missionary collectors
of the London District. It was an in-
teresting sight to see the boys respond
with military salute and the girls with
courtly grace. Miss Wills has again
won the distinction of being the cham-
pion collector in the London District.
Mrs. Hicks and Miss Ethel Squire,
late missionaries in China, were among
the listeners. Miss E. Squire is much
better, and, although not completely
restored to health, she is longing to be
actively employed in Christian service.
The Foreign Missions Committee met
in London on April 27th and 28th. The
meetings were held in Shernhall Street
Church, Walthamstow. The members
were royally entertained by Mr. Mallin-
son and others.
Rev. G. W. Sheppard, A. H. Sharman,•
and Mr. F. Mimmack were present, and
gave the latest news from the front, and
much valuable information respecting
the work in China and Africa.
Thanks are due to Miss Loram and
Queen Street, Exeter Branch for splen-
did parcel.
MONTHLY PRAYER MEETING.
Hymns:
“ Oh, safe to the Rock that is
higher than I.”
“ Simply trusting every day.”
“ Lord, while for all mankind we
pray.”
Scripture : Isaiah lxiv. 1—8.
Praise: For substantial increase in
offerings at the missionary meetings
held in the City Temple.
For the way in which many W.M.A
Branches have helped to increase mis-
sionary income.
Pray: For Miss L. O. Squire and
other returned missionaries, that they
may have happy furloughs and strength
to perform their deputation work.
That a righteous peace may soon
come to our land, bringing honour to
God and joy to all.
“ The. Women's International Quarter-
lyT April. (W.Y.W.C.A., 26
George Street, London, W.; 2S.
per annum.)
Contains: “ China’s Response to the
Message of Christianity,” by Mr George
Sherwood Eddy, and “The Disintegra-
tion of Islam,” by S. M. Zwemer.
96