Missionary echo of the Methodist Church

Material Information

Missionary echo of the Methodist Church
Abbreviated Title:
Missionary echo
Methodist Church (Great Britain) ( Author, Primary )
Place of Publication:
Andrew Crombie
Henry Hooks
Physical Description:
volume ; 31 cm


Subjects / Keywords:
Methodist Church (Great Britain) -- Missions -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
Methodist Church (Great Britain) ( LCNAF )
Missions, British -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
Missions, British ( LCSH )
Missions -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
衛理公會(英國) -- 宣教 -- 期刊
英國傳教士 -- 期刊
任務 -- 期刊
卫理公会(英国) -- 宣教 -- 期刊
英国传教士 -- 期刊
任务 -- 期刊
serial ( sobekcm )
Temporal Coverage:
1893 -
Spatial Coverage:
Europe -- United Kingdom -- England -- Greater London -- London
Asia -- China
Asia -- India
Africa -- British Africa
North America -- Caribbean
歐洲 -- 英國 -- 英格蘭 -- 大倫敦 -- 倫敦
亞洲 -- 中國
亞洲 -- 印度
非洲 -- 英屬非洲
北美 -- 加勒比海
欧洲 -- 英国 -- 英格兰 -- 大伦敦 -- 伦敦
亚洲 -- 中国
亚洲 -- 印度
非洲 -- 英属非洲
北美 -- 加勒比海
51.507222 x -0.1275
35 x 103
21 x 78
18.18 x -77.4
-8.7832 x 34.5085


General Note:
Catalogued from volumes 3 (1896) and 31 (1924)
General Note:
Title from cover and index
General Note:
VIAF (name authority) : Methodist Church (Great Britain) : URI

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS University of London
Holding Location:
SOAS University of London
Rights Management:
This item is licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution, Non-Commercial License. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this work non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms.
Resource Identifier:
123988723 ( OCLC )


This item has the following downloads:

Full Text
Missionary Echo
,Ulnttcb flftetbobiet Cburcb.
Editor :
“He prophesied that Jesus should die for the
nation : and not for the nation only, but that
He might also gather into one the children
of God that are scattered abroad.”
—John xi. 51, 52.

Betrothal, A Chinese, Miss Aber-
crombie ...... 258
Brewin, The late Rev. R. - - - 80
Budget, The Missionary, C. T. Bate-
man ...... 104
Campbell on Missions, Rev. R. J. - 155
Candlin, The late Mrs. ... 272—4
Chapel Openings - - 5, 49, 145, 207
Chaotong Children, F. J. Dymond - 16
China, U.M. Missions in, E. J. Dingle 9
China and Christianity, Dzang Chao
China : Its Light and Shade, C. - - 138
China, The Outlook in, A. H. Shar-
man ...... 181
China, Mv Journey to, F. B. Turner,
193, 217
Chinese Sayings - - - - 60, 88
Chinese Proverbs - 114, 243
Chinese Pastors, The Work of - - 117
C.E. Topics, J. EUis - - 133, 209, 280
Christmas Card, A, W. Udy Bassett - 37
Church Unity, S. j. Gee - - - 187
Conference and Missions - - 199, 214
Committee, With the - - - - 131
Confucianism, G. T. Candlin - - 104
“Dare You Hear It?” F. J. Dymond - 157
Debt Extinction Efforts ... 150
Debt, The Extinguished, F. H. Robin-
,, ,, R. Squire 172
,, ,, T. J. Cox 174
District Synopsis of Debt Efforts 154, 203
East Africa, A letter from, By Rev. W.
U. Bassett......................277
Evangelizing, Adequate, Dr. Moulton 161
Faith in God ------ 271
Friendless Eighty-four, F. L. Dymond 110
Friesland Cap, The Story of the, J. E.
Arnold ...... 90
Furlough Reflections , A. Evans - - 232
Gauge, Marriage of the Rev. T. M., J.
W. Heywood......................25
Girls, The Education of Chinese, J.
Hinds ...... 67
“ Go ye— ” ! Am I included ? A. Col-
beck - - - - - - 83
Gravelly Hill : A Jamaica Story, W.
Hall ..... 39, 57
“ Handfuls of Purpose,” J. E. S., - - 248
Heathen Happy? Are the ... 70
“ He called some ”—Members of Com-
mittee, A. E. J. Cosson - - - 253
Home Base and Missions, The, W.
India, Christianity in - - - - 156
Intercession, The Ministry of, F.
Barrett - - - - 143
International Choir, Art - - . 144
Jesus, The Missionary Faith of, W.
Redfern (the late) - - - . 121
Kikuyu, J. E. S. - - - - - 115
Ladies, Two Elect, Mrs. Soothill - - 81
London Meetings, The, J. E. S. - 126
Livingstone College, The - - - 180
Mailed Fist and Pierced Hand, The,
Lux ...... 246
Medical Mission Stories - - 34, 250
Medical Missions and Nurses - - 35
Medical Missionary •on Furlough, A,
F. H. Robinson .... 113
Meru, Nairobi to, R. T. Worthington 13
Miao Village After Eight Years, H.
Parsons ------ 224
Miao Progress, “Twenty-one,” S. Pol-
lard ...... 102
Miao Progress, “Two Hundred and
Thirty-one,” S. Pollard ... 125
Missionary Societies, Conference of - 184
Mouse and the Lion, The, S. Pollard 6
Moody Bible Institute, The - - - 38
Mullion Again, W.M.A. - - - 141
New Year Message, The President - 1
Ningpo, Glimpses of, G. W. Sheppard 111
Ningpo Reminiscences, F. Galpin - 251
Ningpo, 1864—1914, H. S. Redfern,
North China District Meeting - - 185
Nosu-land Journeyings, C. N. Mylne - 62
Noteworthy Helpers :•—
70. Miss L. Couch - - - - * 19
71. Mrs. Ware .... 19
72. Miss Inch.......................19
Great Harwood Group - - 47
73. Annie Smith . ... 48
74. David Smith .... 48
75-7. Highams Park Trio - - - 56
78. Edith Storey - - 56
79. Muriel Wharton ... 86
80-1. Tom and Charles Sterland - 86
82. Mrs. Naylor .... 112
83. Sydney Berry .... 112
84. Miss Mabel Doar ... 132
85. Miss Gladys Thurman - - 132
86-7. Joe and Majorie Akester - - 164
88. Edith Huby .... 164
89. Edwin Firth .... 186
90. Edwin Houlton - - - - 186
91. Hilda Bloomfield ... 211
92. Mildred Bull - - - - 211
93. Mrs. Gay ..... 212
94-7. A Shebbear Company - - 235
98. Miss Wilkinson .... 261
100. Gertrude and Clifford Holroyde 261
101. Miss Askew .... 278
102-3. Frank and Marjorie Goodhand 278
Observatory, The, The Editor 18, 31, 61,
96, 116, 140, 159, 182, 210, 234, 279

Opium Points ----- 165
Poetry :—
The New Year, 1914, Miss Taylor - 8
Missionary Snowdrops, Miss S.
Gertrude Ford - - - - 35
Christ! John Sayes - - - - 54
Easter, Miss Taylor - - - - 76
Exiled in April, Miss S. Gertrude
Ford ------ 79
To a Missionary Hero, Miss S.
Gertrude Ford - 101
The Leper, Katherine Tynan - - 115
Live, Love, Serve, B. M. Rumsby - 163
Out of the Night, G. F. Scott - - 165
The Watchman, Miss S. Gertrude
Ford - - - - - - 189
A Missionary Tree, Miss Taylor - 192
Heart’s Ease, W. H. Abbot - - 198
China’s Darkness and Dawn, Tessie
My Morning Bird, El. Sie - - 206
War and the Prince of Peace, Miss
S. Gertrude Ford - - - 229
The Saviour Calls for Service - - 243
Christmas in War-time, Miss S.
Gertrude Ford - . - - 268
The Song of the Christmas Bells,
Miss Taylor ----- 274
Prayer Meeting, The Monthly, 24, 46, 72,
95, 120, 143, 168, 192, 216, 240, 264, 284
Profits for God, All - 158
Rose-bower, Through the, El. Sie - 114
Retrenchment or Debt, W. Hardy - 204
,, Dr. Brook - 205
Reviews : —
“By the Equator’s Snowy Peak,”
Rev. R. Brewin - - - - 11
“ Everlasting Pearl ” - - - - 12
“ Drifting Wreckage ” - - 20
“ Missionary Principles ” - - - 20
“ Men and the World Enterprise ” - 20
“God’s Fellow-Workers” - - - 21
“Religions and Religion,” Henry T.
Chapman - - - - - 32
“ Modern Missionary Crisis, The,” J.
E. Arnold ----- 42
“ Greatheart of Papua ” - - - 47
“ A Missionary Mosaic ” - - - 47
“The Crown of Hinduism,” G. Corin 107
“ Christian History ” - - - - 160
Bookland ------ 168
Reports of other Societies - - 223, 237
Our Own Report - 248
“China’s Dayspring,” W. E. Soothill,
M.A. - - - - - - 256
The Quarterlies - 21, 98, 185, 260
Missionary Triumphs - - - - 279
Secretary’s Notes, The 3, 27, 51, 77, 99,
122, 146, 177, 196, 221, 244, 269
Ship, A Missionary, W. J. Redmore 262
Signs in the East ----- 284
Soothill, M.A., The Rev. W. E.,
J. Naylor.......................73
Soothill, M.A., The Rev. W. E., Miss
Ford ------ 101
Students’ Missionary Demonstration,
A. J. Viney ----- 89
Summer School ----- 160
Sunbeams, The, W. R. Clark - 134
Thanksgiving Day - 222
Thermometer, The Missionary 3, 31, 55,
77, 100, 122, 150, 177
Twenty Years Ago - 281
“Twenty-one,” S. Pollard - - - 102
“Two Hundred and Thirty-one,” S.
Pollard - - - - - 125
U.M. Missions in China, E. J. Dingle 9
Vow, The Broken, F. J. Dymond - 53
Wenchow Mission, Our, J. W. Hey-
wood - - - - - - 227
Wenchow : A Leave-taking and a Wei-
come, H. T. C. - - - - 232
West Africa, Letter from, Rev. A. E.
Greensmith - - - - - 275
Why? A Handful of Reasons, J. E.
S. ------ 55
Women, A Prayer for, The Late R.
Abercrombie 95
Women’s Auxiliary 22, 44, 71, 94, 118, 142,
166, 190, 213, 238, 263, 282
Worthington, Marriage of the Rev. R.
T....................85, 98
Yang Chir, H. Parsons Yunnan, Facts from, F. J. Dymond • 241 30
Abercrombie, Rev. R. E. (the late) - 39
Baron, Mr. J. W. - - 200
Bassett, Rev. W. U. and Mrs. - - 210
Brewin, The Rev. R. (the late) - - 80
Butler, Mr. W. H. - 197
Butler, Mrs. T. - - - - - 213
Candlin, Dr. - - - 178
Candlin, Dr. and Mrs. - - - 273
Evans, Mr. and Mrs. - 52, 232
Galpin, The Rev. F. - - 252
Gauge, Mr. and Mrs. - - - 25
Greensmith, Rev. A. E. and Mrs. - - 275
Hancock, M.P., Mr. J. G. - - - 127
Lyttle, Rev. W. - - - - - 223
Mazera, Thomas - - - 246
Missionaries at Conference - - - 199
Missionaries at Conference, Ex- - 201
Redfern, Rev. W. (the late) - 1, 121
Robson, M.D., Rev. J. K. - - 28
Sharman, Rev. A. H. - - 245
Sheppard, Rev. G. W. - - 244
Soothill, M.A., The Rev. W. E. - 74
Steen, Mr. J. C. - - - 38
Stedeford, Dr. E. T. A. 149
Stedeford, Rev. C. - - - 202
Students, Manchester and Sheffield - 89
Sze Ping-yu, B.A., Mr. - - - 265
Vivian, Rev. W. - - 202
Wakefield, Sir Charles - 129
Ward, Mr. Joseph - - 198
W.M.A. Platform at Conference - 214
Worthington, Mr. and Mrs. - - - 85

Missionary Leaflet for 1914.
®he ?United Alethodist ffihtirch
Dear Friends,
Thousands of hungering souls surround our Mission stations
and look to us for the Bread of Life. Some stretch out their
hands in eager entreaty, but an inadequate income prevents our
supplying their need. Will you help to feed this multitude?
In China we maintain 574 Chapels and Preaching Places with
40,000 in regular attendance, five Hospitals where last year
43,000 sufferers received medical aid and at the same time heard
the Gospel News, two Colleges with 270 students, and H0
Elementary Schools where Christian education is given to 3,089
boys and girls.
In East Africa we support 14 Churches and 14 Sunday and
Weekday Schools with 577 scholars.
In West Africa we have 21 Churches and 15 Elementary
Day Schools with 878 boys and girls.
32 Missionaries, 19 Ordained Pastors, 106 Native Ministers, 98
Catechists, and 14 Bible Women are wholly engaged in this work.
The Foreign work requires a least /"17,000 per annum simply
to maintain it without extension. Painful reductions in grants leave
an expenditure of /"16,000 for the present year, and that is /"1,000
in excess of the income last year. This increase must be obtained
or further retrenchment is inevitable.
The Home Mission Fund also requires an increase of /"1,500
to meet its demands, making the total increase required for Home and
Foreign work /"2,500. This needed increase has been apportioned
among the Districts and Circuits, and each Church and Circuit is
earnestly requested to secure the small increase allocated, so that
our missionary work at home and abroad may be more adequately
The famishing crowd is with us : Christ’s command is in our
ears. Let us not hesitate to yield our resources to Him that by
His blessing the multitude may be fed.
Yours in the Master’s service,
O. PARKER, President.
J. WARD, Foreign Missions Treasurer.
J. GODFREY, Home Missions Treasurer.
J. MOORE, Home Missions Secretary.
C. STEDEFORD, Foreign Missions Secretary.

Thee in other Lands, and be Thou
their Guide and Companion. May
no adversity harm them, no difficulty oppose them ; may all things turn out
prosperously for them ; that by the aid of Thy right hand whatsoever they
have asked with reasonable desire may speedily be brought to good effect.
Through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
Tbc President’s
New Year’s Message.
IN the larger Magazine I have ven-
tured to make an appeal for special
and simultaneous prayer on behalf
of our Missions. I have suggested that
missionary prayer-meetings shall be
held; that all our preachers, in their con-
ducting of public worship, shall remem-
ber the missionaries; and that all our
members, in their private devotions,
shall bring this burden daily before the
throne of grace. I have given reasons
why I think that missionary prayer is the
duty of the hour.
It is appropriate, then, that in the
pages of the MISSIONARY ECHO, which
is read by those who love missions, I
should ask my readers to give this ap-
peal their practical sympathy. Twelve
months ago my honoured predecessor,
the Rev. John Luke, wrote in the
ECHO : “ Much may be realized and ac-
complished during the coming year if in
all our churches we have the true spirit
and prayer.” That sentence explains,
I believe, the happy events of the year.
It explains why such a remarkable mis-
sionary blessing was poured upon us at
the Conference. If it was true in 1913
it is pre-eminently true in 1914. God’s
call to our churches at this critical hour
is, as I interpret it, a call for missionary
I. Is there any request in which
Christian people can unite with greater
confidence? The Apostle John says:
“ This is the confidence that we have in
The Rev. William Redfern, President.
[Favoured by Ed. U.M.M.
January, 1914.

The President’s New Year’s Message
Him, that if we ask anything according
to Plis Will, He heareth us, and if we
know that He heareth us, whatsoever
we ask, we know that we have the peti-
tions that we desired of Him.” Surely
the missionary cause is according
to His Will. It is His Will in actual
and visible operation. It stands by it-
self as embodying the genius of the
New Testament. It is not an incident
of the Gospel, but the Gospel in its es-
sence and its centrality. It is not an
adjunct, an optional undertaking, an
extra, a separable department, of the
Church: it is that which the Church
stands for. It is laid upon us by the
authority of our Lord’s direct mandate.
It is the burden of the Cross. Its im-
pulse is the evangelical experience, out
of which it flows as the stream from the
fountain-head. Whenever we say,
“ Thy Kingdom come,” we realize, or
ought to realize, that the missionary
cause is the Kingdom actually in the
coming. And whenever we listen to
the prayer of our Redeemer, “ That the
world may know that Thou hast sent
me, and hast loved them as Thou hast
loved me,” we know how full His own
heart was of the missionary yearning
and the missionary passion. What
strong unwavering faith, then, ought
to be ours when we pray to our Lord
for the spread of His Kingdom ? If we
only knew it, His warm loving heart is
panting to answer us before even the
words are on our lips. And how over-
flowing must be His joy when His
people enter into missionary sympathy
with Him and feel His missionary sym-
pathy with them!
2. It is also helpful for us to reflect
that there is a power in united prayer
which does not belong to individual
prayer. All true prayer is effectual.
There is no lonely soul who may not
touch the hem of Christ’s garment, and
feel the healing virtue which flows from
Him. There is no midnight wrestler
who, through prayer, may not know
“the new unutterable Name.” There
is no solitary communion into which
there may not shine the transfiguration
glory. There is no individual who,
through prayer, may not wield the
supernatural and redemptive power.
And yet there is a special promise at-
taching to the prayer of God’s collective
people. “ If two of you shall agree on
earth as touching anything that they
shall ask, it shall be done for them of
My Father which is in heaven. For
where two or three are gathered to-
gether in My Name there am I in the
midst of them.” These are deep sug-
gestive words. “Twice one,” as the
old Puritan said, “are more than two
when they meet for prayer.” Christ is
in the midst of them, and they are
gathered together in His Name. Have
we fully considered the significance of
the fact that the company of believers
were all of one accord in one place ? 11
was then that there came a sound from
heaven as of a rushing mighty wind.
It will be so with us when we all speak
to God out of one heart and with one
voice. And the grand uniting power, I
repeat, is the missionary power. Here
is a cause we all love, a burden we must
all share, an obligation we must all ac-
cept and honour, a fire which will fuse
us, an ideal which will win us, and a
promise which will gladden us all alike.
In the presence of this missionary
theme and in the exercise of missionary
prayer—a theme and a prayer so broad,
so imperial, so spiritual, and so Divine,
we become essentially and vitally one,
and discover the mystic power which
lies in the fellowship of consecrated
souls. What a Church we should be if
only we united in prayer for our mis-
sions! And what a missionary Pente-
cost we should witness!
Wm. Redfern.
The Wcpcbow
Fuller particulars of this interesting event
arrived in time for this number, but the
photographs, so necessary and so excellent,
did not reach us till a fortnight afterwards
—too late ! Rather than not use the photo-
graphs we have decided to defer the Rev. J.
W. Heywood’s contribution till next month.
In compensation we show a photograph of
the bride, in artistic surroundings. (See p.

To Extinguish our Debt !
Foreign Secretary’s
By tbe
Best Wishes
for the
New Year.
May abundant joy and blessing at-
tend the readers of the MISSIONARY
Echo during the New Year; may
our missionaries be enriched with
every spiritual gift that the fruit of their laboursâ– 
may be multiplied; may the Spirit of God en-
lighten, guide and teach all the converts among
the heathen and raise up powerful native preachers
in every . land; and may every Christian beâ– 
baptized with the missionary spirit.
A Retrospect. The past year brought its unantici-
1 pated changes. Notable among
them is the retirement of our honoured missionary^
Dr. W. E. Plummer, whose health compelled him
to terminate services which had filled twelve very
active years in Wenchow. We were also called to
mourn the loss, by death, of Mr. W. E. Northon,.
our agricultural missionary in East Africa.
These events cast their shadows, but on the
whole the year has been bright with hope and'
promise. The Halifax Conference with its fine
outburst of missionary zeal and liberality will
stand out as its brightest feature, and will make
the year memorable in the history of our missions..
On the foreign field the year witnessed steady and
gratifying advance. The Chinese Government
almost startled the Christian world by its appeal
for the prayers of Christian churches, ah appeal
which marked the beginning of a new era in that
land Where the missionary had always encountered
prejudice and hostility. The year also saw the
settlement of our pioneers in Meru where already
they have been encouraged by promising signs.
×´,. n×´+i×´×´v What will the New Year bring? It
will bring its surprises, possibly of
sorrow and gladness. At present the outlook isâ– 
clear and bright. This year our church is atÖ¾
tempting great things and expecting great things.
We expect to remove our missionary debts. There
is no doubt about the disappearance of the debts if
all the circuits and Districts fulfil their promises.
We think they will. Every circuit must take its-
share as if the success of the whole scheme de-
pended upon it. Many circuits have set to work
vigorously and completed their part of the effort.
We can work with better heart when we have good
prospects of success. Such prospects may cheer
our friends in working and giving for the removal!

Foreign Secretary’s Notes
of our Missionary debts. At the same
time we must realize that the result can-
not be gained without each church rais-
ing its proper portion. We must act
upon the Cornish motto “ One and all.”
The outlook in our foreign work was
never brighter than it is to-day. If
peace and progress are maintained in
China, as we have good reason to ex-
pect they will be under the more settled
government, and the present spirit of
enquiry spreads, we may look for great
The First
Six Months
in Mern.
I gather from a re-
cent letter from Mr.
Worthington some in-
teresting facts and inci-
dents relating to the work of the first six
months in Meru. He says:—
“ From the beginning of May we have
held a service every Sunday morning.
At the beginning it was well attended,
•our congregation averaging about 50 in
number. But latterly the attendance
has dwindled, though there are one or
two that we count as our regulars.
This is the experience of others beside
-ourselves when the first curiosity has
passed. Our services have been simple
little affairs with prayer and singing.
Sunday morning service at Meru,
Preacher, the Rev. R. T. Ö¾Worthington.
[Photo: Mr. F. Mimtiiack.
One of the boys has then read a portion
of the Gospel in the vernacular, translat-
inpÖ¾ from the Swahili Testament. An
address translated, or a few words based
upon a picture of an old Sunday School
lesson in England, have completed the
service. And yet often have they
seemed to be veritable means of grace.
It is too soon to say they have passed
with no more effect than that we have
seen. A daily reading of the Gospel,
an occasional word of instruction in the
way, now of admonition and again *of
encouragement and promise, and simple
prayer and hymn morning and night
have been our ministrations to those
with whom we have had more intimate
contact. Our church it should be un-
derstood is, unless it rains, “a building
not made with hands ”; we meet under
the vaulted roof of heaven and we have
no problems of decoration, ventilation,
light or heat to settle.”
Mr. Worthington expresses his sense
of indebtedness to Rev. R. Brewin, and
others, who have supplied the rolls of
pictures which have helped to sustain
the services. These pictures have
shown him how valuable would be a
lantern with Gospel slides. He could
use one lighted with oil or acetylene
gas. He asks,
“ Is there any
chance of get-
ting one sent
out to us?” He
would like also
a portable or-
gan suitable for
services in the
open-air. Pos-
sibly some
mends reading
these lines may
be glad to sup-
ply these needs.
M r. Worth-
ington is able
to speak of a
few who display
very real in-
terest in his
“ We have
one, at least,
who manifests
an interest con-

Foreign Secretary’s Notes
stantly. He came to the services
first and then to work here, and one
night he came to ask for words of
God. He has shown manifest concern
if at any time he has missed prayers
morning or night. And when I have
tried to tell him of the joyful hope of
those who trust the Lord Jesus I have
seen a wondering joy in his face. We
have another man who works for us as a
hewer of wood and carrier of water,
whom, when we went on safari a little
' while ago, we left to look after the
house. When I got back I had a chat
with him, to find that he was forming
the habit of prayer, each night before
he went to sleep kneeling and covering
his eyes to pray. There is a third man
whose regular interest is a thing to be-
hold. He does not say much, but this
fact speaks for him that twice he has
left us and twice returned. All these
are in some capacity now associated
with us. The little girl of the man I
mentioned first, comes often, and we ob-
served that even she was forming a
reverent habit during prayer.”
As a concluding word Mr. Worthing-
ton says. “ It would not be fitting to
finish without a word of thankfulness to
God for continued health, which as far
as any serious complaint is concerned
has been unbroken. Also a word of
thanks for the great privilege of open-
ing this work, and for the growing hope
before us. And another word of ap-
peal! Our position is indicated by a
parable of the country. East Africa is
a wonderful land of immense untouched
resources, but short of fuel. Send us
the fuel, and I feel sure that from our
far-off land we shall be able to send
back the glad message to put life and
spirit into the tired workers at home.
The people that sat in darkness have
seen a great light.”
Personalia. brothers J. Hinds and F.
B. 1 urner report their safe
arrival in North China' after a fairly
comfortable journey. Both׳ express
their peculiar pleasure in finding them-
selves once more amid missionary scenes
and service. Mr. Turner asks me to
Mpdical Work Mr' Worthington has
. Mo*n proved the brief course of
a eiu' medical instruction he re-
ceived at Livingstone College most
valuable. Indeed his medical skill is
the chief attraction which brings the
people to him. From the beginning
there has been no lack of applicants for
medicine, and it is well within the num-
ber to say that 30 cases have been
treated every week. In addition, 5°o
people have been vaccinated. The
cases brought to׳ Mr. Worthington are
chiefly neglected wounds, which have
got into a very bad state as the result of
the unclean habits of the people. It is
the treatment which gives the patient
immediate relief, such as dressing ulcers,
which brings the greatest credit to the
physician. It is expected that medicine
will produce immediate and miraculous
effect and when this expectation is dis-
appointed the native often discontinues
his application for treatment. Mr.
Worthington regards the medical work
as of the first importance and pleads for
a hospital and a doctor as the most ef-
fective means of winning the people and
thus establishing the mission.
Rev. R. T. *Worthington, operator•

The Mouse and the Lion
thank the many friends who have writ-
ten to bid him God-speed.
Mr. Eddon left Tientsin in October,
and is once more superintending his old
circuit. He says that Wu Ting Fu is
very quiet and peaceable, but that rob-
bery with violence is rife in the sur-
rounding district, and the soldiers are
not strong enough to suppress the
robbers. He gives this instance of
Chinese military daring. “ Only the
other day a village about 30 li from
Yang Hsin’ was broken into and sent
to the city for help. The officer marched
his men out a's though he would go׳ in
pursuit, but when three li from the city
he asked his men if they did not feel
tired. They all said ' Yes,’ and sat by
the roadside smoking and resting till
evening, when they simply blew their
trumpets and retired to their quar-
ters! ”
apd tlje Liop.
A Chapel Opening ip West Chipa.
By the Rev.
GVERYBODY knows the story of
how the mouse got the lion out of
the net. I have thought of this
story in connection with a new chapel
opening at River Bed, a Chinese market
a few miles east of Stone Gateway. For
many years the Chinese kept away from
the missionary, believing the most ab-
surd rumours about the man with the
blue eyes and fair hair who was sup-
posed to be in league with occult powers
and terrible demons. Years ago it was
most distressing to find all over the
countryside lovable people, savable
Part of the congregation at the opening services. [Rev. S. Pollard.
"Notice the Miao School Band. The two cornets were given by Handsworth
and Devonport friends. Wish we had a dozen. Mr. Dytnond and Mr. Hudspeth
are seen to left: Mrs. Pollard on extreme right. Mr. Ching, head teacher at
Stone Gateway, stands at back with an English hat on.״—S.P.

The Mouse and the Lion
The River Bed Chapel. [Pev. S. Pollard.
“ Fancy £25 providing such a splendid chapel. Ten such in
West China a far better investment than Carnegie organs.
Indian corn in the foreground."—S.P.
people, bound down tight with the cords
of superstition and fear and deep pre-
judice. How to cut these cords we did
not know: how to set free these people
whom Christ died to save was the great
God has many ways of working and
all of them admirable. Here in one
part of our field He chose a downtrod-
den, ignorant
race of people
to bite away the
nets of pre-
judice, the cords
of fear. These
Chinese about
h e re have
watched the
Miao closely
and at last some
have resolved to
follow their
At Stone
Gateway in the
Miao school-
room Sunday
services have
been held for
vears for any
Chinese who
Two Miao Preachers. [Rev. S. Pollard.
"Peter and Phillip, two of the Miao Preachers who 'gnaw at the cords'
by telling the story of Jesus to Chinese as well as Miao."—S.P.
cared to come.
Sometimes a s
many as forty
or fifty were
present, and
after a while
fears and pre-
judice were
overcome and
idols were taken
down. Christian
books and texts
began to appear
in the homes,
and at last there
was a demand
for a chapel on
the Chinese
market of River
Bed. Many
were the diffi-
culties, great
was some of the
opposition, but,
at last, on
Thursday, August 14th, the new chapel
was opened. The photographs show
what a lovely village chapel it is. Rev.
F. J. Dymond came out from Chaotong
to open the chapel. He has promised
to open every Chinese chapel we can
build, and we wish we could keep him
The greater part of the chapel walls

To the New Year, 1914
are built of uncut stone, and the build-
ing with fair play should last many tens
of years. It will seat 200 and stand
500. It was full for the opening ser-
vices. For the inevitable feast two pigs
were killed; but among the guests were
a score of Mohammedans who are very
friendly, and for these a goat was sup-
plied. We are all things to all men if
by any means we can win some. We
sincerely wish these followers of
Mohammed would find out that Christ is
their Saviour also.
Mr. Hudspeth, who has worked like a
Trojan to make the River Bed chapel a
reality and a success carried on the
opening services for a week. Between
Stone Gateway and the new chapel
there is a stream to be crossed. Usually
it is a mere trifle, but on the evening of
the opening great rain fell and the
waters were impassable. Three
foreigners and many natives had to
sleep in the chapel.
Night after night the people came,
and we are earnestly hoping this new
outstation will be a success, and the first
of many such.
The cost of the chapel was between
£25 and £30. The cost to the Mis-
sionary Society is nothing. If one only
had £250 he could open ten such
centres, and bring multitudes to the
knowledge of the Cross.
The congregation at River Bed is a
very strange one. Fully half of the men
have been thieves or worse, and prob-
ably some of them are still what they
ought not to be. The chief man was a
terror. Over them all we rejoice with
trembling. To make these men into
fine Christians means hard work and
muoh patience for Jesus. We believe
He will not shirk it. There are no men
too bad for Him to save.
There are several more chapels being
built—some of them very fine. The
cost to the Society will be almost nil. I
think I am correct in saying that
seventy chapels have been built in
our West China Mission, and the
cost to the home funds has not aver-
aged five pounds a chapel. Every-
body will agree that we deserve the
fullest sympathy of the friends at home.
After Mr. Dymond had given his
opening address a tall strong Chinaman
whose record has been a black one got
up and said, “ I am a sinner and there-
fore have no right to speak, but I re-
member we are all sinners and as a
sinner I speak to you sinners.” The Son
of Man came not to call righteous, but
sinners to repentance. He at any rate
has not left the old paths.
The mice are at work in other parts
nibbling at the cords.
To the New Year, 1914.
^JRADLED last ! Of all the fairest !
Cherub of the glad New Year !
Nestle to thy mother, Nature :
Feed her hope, and check her fear.
Blind thou art, yet canst thou whisper
Words inspiring, maxims true :
Daily will experience teach thee
Much thy forebears never knew.
Well it is thou’rt welcomed sightless—
Martyrs’ baptism is thine:
Fresh from the Divine creation ;
Heir of all thine ancient line.
Bearer of its matchless burdens,
Nucleus of power untold,
Infancy which passeth gauging,
What shall thy ripe age unfold ?
Mingled sorrows, joys and tears ;
These shall fill thy blended cup !
Canst thou, day by day, inspire us—
Myrrh—or wine—to drink it up ?
He Who made the first fair morning,
Spake it forth, and called it good ;
Wooed thee to thy mystic dawning
In the same parental mood.
Thou wilt be what man shall make thee—
Thou art dandled on his knee ;
Used for good ; or fraught with evil,
Man evolves thy destiny !
Great Creator ! make Thy creatures,
All subservient to Thy will:
Tread the troublous waves of Time, Lord*
Speak again Thy “Peace be still” !
—Elizabeth Taylor.
Oxford, Dec. 6th, 1913.

Tbe Cpitcd Methodist
Missions ip Cbipa.
Author of “ Across China on Foot,** etc.
AY I ask for a little space to refer
to the work of the United
Methodist Mission in China ?
One hears whispers of vacating fields
and giving up work and so forth; but
surely no thought should be seriously
given to abandoning either of the three
fields in this country.
I have just returned from Wenchow
and Ningpo, and I am sure the mem-
bers of the Connexion who are as
ignorant as I was of what is going on
in those two centres will welcome an
outside pronouncement upon what is a
magnificent work. As readers of this
magazine may be aware, I take׳ a deep
interest in all work carried on by United
Methodists in China. Until recently,
however, I had had no opportunity of
seeing the south-east section. I know
the south-west well. Many a hard night
have I spent out in that wonderful Miao-
land, studying the revival among those
downtrodden people which is still the
great unwritten missionary romance of
Asia of this century. How Sam Pol-
lard and I, wet through, tired, hungry,
lying in soaked beds in rooms in which
you would not keep your horse, used to
beguile the sleepless hours with “ Home,
sweet home ” on his mouth-organ ! How
we laughed in our dilemma—in the dire
discomfort, the disease, the distress, the
dirt! But it would be a long story—a
wonderful work is that work of the
United Methodists among the Hwa
Miao. I know Chaotong, too. I have
pleasantest recollections of embarrass-
ing attentions of Dr. Savin, when he
took me, an uninvited traveller, housed
me and helped me ; and of the many
subsequent kindnesses of Dr. and Mrs.
Savin. I’ve never seen congrega-
tions in China such as you get in that
Chaotong Church—the work is worthy
of a' much better building.* * And I
know Tongchuan also, five days south.
Surely no more beautiful mission station
in all China than Tongchuan!—where,
as the guest of Mr. and Mrs. Evans;
after they had nursed me back to life on
mountains three days away, I lived for
*They are to have it. See Conference list of
many months recuperating, f I re-
member how Mr. and Mrs. Evans and
myself used to sing trios on Sunday,
and how the Chinese used to say,
“Why, listen to the Dingle Teacher!
He can’t sfeak Chinese, but he can sing
it! ” (I was reading typed romanized).
But of West China enough—with this
remark only: that of all the mission
work I have seen in many parts of
China, I have seen none more
truly prosperous than that carried on by
that small band of missionaries whom I
remember with gratitude.
Down in Wenchow and Ningpo, of
course, you meet a different class. Here
you are near the influence of the ports—-
altogether in a much more enlightened
area. I had heard of the work in these
places, but I must confess I had
thought of it as small. It had not been
written of much. But as I was steam-
ing up the river to Ningpo, a fellow pas-
senger pointed out a building, a longÖ¾
brick building standing out from all the
surrounding Chinese architecture ■—•
“ That’s the English Methodist Col-
lege! ×´
“Oh,” I said, “really! Fine build-
ing, isn’t it?”
My fellow passenger turned to me,
and prepared to speak. He was an
outside man in the Maritime Customs
Service, and a man whom one could tell
easily enough, had roughed it. He
came closer to me, and then said:
“ You know, I am not what you would
call a religious man, but I must say I
like the English Methodist missionaries
in Ningpo. Yes, that’s a fine building,
and it’s a good college, too ; and they
turn out some good students.” He then
spoke of his experience of missionaries
in general, but his conversation was not
edifying to me until he mentioned by
name the missionaries you and I are in-
terested in. “Ah,” he said, “he (men-
tioning a Ningpo U.M. missionary) he’s
the finest fellow I ever met. He’s more
like a good old English squire J than a
missionary—and that’s what we like.”
+See 1913, pp. 16, 17.—Ed.
*That settles who it is! Our friend and namesake.—Ed.

The United Methodist Missions in China
The man gave me no very definite in-
{formation about the work, but I thought
Ö¾this fairly good eulogy of our mission-
•aries as men.
The time I spent at Ningpo only al-
lowed me to see the College, and there-
fore, I cannot give an opinion upon any
other of the mission’s activities. I hap-
pened to be there the day before col-
lege opening in September. I was as-
tonished to find that Mr. Redfern was
responsible for such a big work. I
know the mission colleges in some parts
of China where there are four foreign
masters and not so many boys as Mr.
Redfern has. In short, I was convinced,
in both Ningpo and Wenchow, that a
grand work is being done by the two
principals. Probably the best way of
building up an educated church is by as-
•sisting these colleges ; and I felt proud to
see such fine institutions, turning out
men of influence in this struggling land.
Now, when I come to speak of
medical work, I find it difficult to
say just what I want to without giving
the idea that I am flattering Dr.
Plummer. I spent a morning in the
hospital at Wenchow, and an intensely
interesting morning it was. I am ac-
quainted with hospitals in Shanghai,
Hanking, Hankow, Wuchang, Ichang,
Hanyang, Chunking, Suifu and other
places in China. Some of these are
perhaps better supplied with general
equipment and are in a better state of
repair—I mean, that the paint may be
newer and all that sort of thing; some
are bigger, too. But I have never been
into a hospital in China which gave one
so much of the feeling that he was in a
hospital. It’s a grand work. No praise
of mine would be too great. Dr.
Plummer has made a work here that
will go on and continue to be a blessing
to a vast number of people who will
turn round and call him blessed. And
perhaps it was a little bit more of a
romance because at the time my wife
was responsible for the mission medical
work in the absence of Dr. Plummer.
I did not see any of the evangelical
work, for which I was sorry. But what
I did see of the whole south-east China
field impelled me to write you these hur-
ried lines to encourage workers at home
to go on jointly in well-doing, and not
to be discouraged.
Interior of one of the Men’s ־Wards, Ningpo Hospital.
[Photo: Dr. J. Jones.

“By the Equator’s
Spowy Pcalp”•
IN the absence (for the present) of
any volume on our own Mission in
Meru Land, this book by Mrs. E.
M. Crawford, of the Church Missionary
Society, ought to be read and studied
by all United Methodists. The half-
crown spent on its purchase is repaid
over and over, in the information it
gives upon a country that almost adjoins
Meru, and is in sight of the “ snowy
peak ” which looks down upon our own
two brave missionaries (God bless them)
who are, for the first time, unfurling the
banner of the Cross in that part of the
The frontispiece of this splendidly-
written work is a full-page coloured pic-
ture of Mount Kenia, with its cap of snow,
and is reproduced from a painting: be-
sides which the book contains a clear
map of East Africa, and thirty-seven
fine black-and-white pictures, many of
them being whole page photo-engrav-
Dr. and Mrs. Crawford were for some
years appointed to stations in the neigh-
bourhood of Nairobi, or between that
place and Fort Hall, among the unevan-
gelized Kikuyu tribe, who differ in
many respects from the once-dreaded
Masai, but who also resemble them in
other ways. Among the pictures are
several illustrating pioneer travelling in
East Africa, including a fine view of a
Kenia waterfall; portraits of Masai and
Kikuyu warriors, groups of natives, and
their dwellings; and, toward the end of
the volume, pictures of Christianized
people, which form a great and pleasing
contrast to the earlier illustrations.
After labouring for some years, chiefly
as medical missionaries, among the
Kikuyu, Dr. and Mrs. Crawford were
asked to take up medical mission work
at Embu, within sight of Mount Kenia,
and the painting from which the frontis-
piece is uroduced was taken from the
front of the mission-house there.
How greatly we need a medical mis-
sionary at Meru we may form some idea
* By Mrs. T. W. W. Crawford. A record of Medical
Missionary work and travel in British East Africa. C.M.S.
1913, 2s. 6d. net.
A Review.
By tbe Rev.
from Mrs. Crawford’s account of the
commencement of medical work among
the Embu people. She says:
We had not been many weeks in Embu-
land before a small temporary dispensary
was opened. Not many patients came
round at first, but it did not take longâ– 
for the “white doctor’s” fame to spread,
and, during a few months, the numbers
rose steadily until at last there were three
or four hundred patients daily. Watching
this pathetic throng of diseased and suffer-
ing humanity one was often reminded of
the words, “When He saw the multitudes
He was moved with compassion on them.”
Day by day, at the dispensary door, they
heard for the first time of that tender,
compassionate Saviour who could heal, not
only physical infirmity but soul-sickness
Concerning the building of their first
large “ hospital-chapel ” among the Em-
bus, Mrs. Crawford says :
Amongst other building operations, my
husband soon started a large hospital
chapel, which took nearly two months to
complete, although we boasted no grander
materials than the usual poles, sticks,
mud and banana bark! . . . The next
problem was how to contrive seats for our
congregation. This was eventually solved
by having a great many long, straight
poles brought from the forest, each of
which when supported horizontally on
small posts, emerging about a foot above
the ground, formed quite as up-to-date a
pew as we could desire, considering the
present status of our parishioners ! When
all was finished there was seating accom-
modation ifor five hundred and fifty.
Evangelistic work was by no means
neglected. Mrs. Crawford says, after
describing the opening of the church :
An evangelistic school was started next
day in the same building. Twenty-eight
boys were duly enlisted as scholars, and a
few days later the number was almost
doubled; but, to my dismay, they all went
“on strike,” demanding wages for thus
obliging the Europeans.”
(This reminds us of Mr. Wakefield’s
similar story of the School at Ribe in
1863.) Mrs. Crawford continues:
The situation had to be carefully ex-
plained, and we tried to make them under-

“By the Equator’s Snowy Peak”
stand that the obligation was the other
way round. When they found that we
were quite firm, and prepared to close the
school, if need be, then most of them gave
in and settled down quietly. The following
month quite ninety people had been en
rolled, but the average attendance was
about seventy-five.
As illustrating the language of the
people in the Embu region, Mrs. Craw-
ford gives us the Lord’s prayer trans-
lated into their dialect. It is as fot-
lows: Ö¾
Vava wetu uri mature. Ritwa reaku renenevue,
Uthatnaki waku oke. Marwendo mako marulwe
inavorore toria marutagwa mature. Utuve omonthi
irio cetu cia gutuigana. Utukirire mevia metu, toria
tumakiragira aria matuevagia. Ndokatuvireugeriare
no utuvonokie weeire. Kwa undu uthamaki ni waku,
na vinya, na ugocwa. tene na tene. Amina.
It will be seen there is very little re-
semblance to the same prayer as used at
Ribe, in Kinika or Kiswahili.
The last chapter of this really fine
book deals with “First Fruits of Har-
vest ” : and it is really wonderful how
soon the ingathering has come in that,
till recently, degraded and heathen land.
All who read this book should have their
interest deepened in our own Meru Mis-
sion, and should be led to pray daily and
earnestly for our brethren there.
“Everlasting. Pearl, one of China's
Women." By Anna M. Johann-
sen, for sixteen years a missionary
in China. (C.I.M. and Morgan
and Scott; is. 6d. net.)
A story of missionary work in one of
rhe Central Provinces of China. The
conversion of “ Everlasting Pearl ” is
taken as a typical case. In a graceful
way the story touches such questions as
foot-binding, marriage, persecution—
and shows how the women of China
suffer. It follows Mrs. Lu through her
life’s journey for nearly fifty years, and
we rejoice that her earthly ministry is
not closed, but that she “ is still seek-
ing jewels for her Master.” A readable,
suggestive, and instructive book.

Advance, Lei?doi? !
Issued by tbe Committee for tbe raising of at
least £1,250 for tbe MISSIONS DEBT FUND.
To the Ojurdjes of the
Lopdop District.
lE have cordially accepted the
suggestion that our magazine
should be localized for six
months, as a special appeal to you. We
are deeply concerned that the London
District should take its fair share in
what must be done in the space of time
suggested. Our motto may well be,
“ What thou doest, do quickly.”
We believe somehow that we shall
not only raise the requisite sum, but we
shall maintain or even increase our
normal income. A word of exhortation
may be needful. It is not intended
that any of the ordinary giving shall be
diverted to this special channel. This
would mean landing us in another debt.
Consider what London has received,
and is receiving annually from the
Home Mission Fund, thus supplement-
ing what the London Church Extension
Fund has done for Metropolitan United
Page 168 of Minutes of Conference
shows that we raised last year for
Foreign Missions, £791 ; for Home
Missions, £517; total, £1,308. Then
we turn to p. 218, and find that we re-
ceived in grants £1,306. And this has
been going on for many happy years.
Surely our ideal for the “ most im-
portant District ” in the denomination
should be £2,000 per annum; so that
the raising of this special sum this year
will be but the payment of a debt of
honour. If we are agreed, let us act
with the prayerfulness, courage, tact,
and enthusiasm of which we are capable.
Tlje Secretarial Attaclf.
“ A copy of the following letter was
sent to every minister, in time for the
December Quarterly Meetings. It is
for the members of our churches to de-
termine what answer their ministers,
shall make. Only by hearty co-opera-
tion and sacrificial giving can a worthy
response be made.
“ We plead for
Consecrated service.
Prayerful sympathy.
Sacrificial giving.
The present is the opportunity of a life-
time. If we hesitate to seize it we
Cripple our missionary work:
Limit the spread of the Gospel:
Fail our Lord and Master.”
Dear Brother,
At the last District Meeting it was
decided to hold a Missionary Bazaar
and Exhibition for the purpose of rais-
ing £1,5.00 towards the reduction of the
debt on our Connexional Mission
Funds. The bazaar was to be held in
the autumn of 1914; officers were ap-
pointed, and arrangements well in hand.
The Halifax Conference, with its
splendid Missionary enthusiasm and
generosity, compelled an alteration
of our plan of campaign. With
complete unanimity and great hearti-
ness, we decided, not only on the reduc-
tion, but on the extinction of the whole

Advance, London !
debt by Conference 1914. There is
every prospect of that result being at-
The District Committee unanimously
said that, though it meant altering our
plans, London must make its contribu-
tion during the next seven months. It
has therefore been decided to abandon,
for the time, the idea of the Bazaar and
Exhibition, and make immediate ap-
peals for direct contributions from our
people and churches.
We should raise from £1,250 to
£1,500, and it can be done! At the
Halifax Conference it was realized that
the present is an opportunity for sacri-
ficial giving that seldom comes in a life-
time and the gifts were generous and
large. Can we catch the same spirit ?
In the London District we have 9,187
adult members; an average contribu-
tion of 3s. 3d. per member would raise
Notwithstanding the many appeals
made to them, we confidently beseech
our ministerial brethren to lay this
matter as a burden upon their people.
Will you please let us know, as early
as possible, the amount you think your
church, circuit, or section can raise ?
Each church or circuit is to adopt its
own method of raising its contribution,
but we venture to suggest the follow-
1. The minister, or some person ap-
pointed by the Church Meeting to
solicit subscriptions from all members.
2. A Sunday might be set apart as a
Missionary Day, when sermons should
be preached and collections taken on
behalf of the Fund. The Sunday
scholars should have a special oppor-
tunity of contributing. â– 
3. A Circuit Missionary Rally would
do much to educate and stimulate.
4. Circuit Missionary Bazaars and
Exhibitions could be held. One or two
churches are already arranging for such
efforts, and arrangements might be
made for loan of scenery, exhibits, etc.
(See p. 4, on Walthamstow.)
Write us early as to what you can do.
Let us know if we can help you in any
What you do, do quickly, do gener-
ously, do “ for the sake of the Name.”
Sincerely yours,
The Secretaries.
Rev. James Ellis, 3, Avon Road,
Walthamstow, N.E.
Rev. Fred Barrett, 152, Windsor
Road, Forest Gate, E.
Halifax, 1917.
In issuing the list of promises at Con-
ference the Secretaries wrote as fol-
“ It began in a manner most unex-
pected. A friend in West Cornwall,
who desires to remain anonymous, pon-
dered the situation and was moved to
offer the last £1,000 if all the debts on
our Missionary funds were paid by the
Conference of 1914. The next offer
was another £1,000 from an anonymous
friend in Halifax. In a Conference al-
ready aglow this was enough to kindle
the holy fire. Surely the set time to
favour Zion had come. Hearts were
touched and purses unloosed. Promises
flowed in a steady stream. We gathered
the first fruits of revival. The de-
nomination is being knit together in a
spirit of sacrifice. Hope is rising and
joy is spreading as the grace of liber-
ality abounds. God, who touched the
hearts of the first donors can touch all
hearts, and if they as readily respond it
will not take a year to pay the Mission-
ary debts; they will disappear in a
month. When the noble list is read
who will not be eager to have a share in
this thrice-blessed effort for Christ and
the world ?
C. Stedeford,
202 Gravelly Hill, Birmingham ;
John Moore,
30 Coppice Road, Nottingham.”
Then follows a glorious list of pro-
mises amounting to £8,753, £1,845
which had been paid in. A copy of this
list may be obtained from either of the
Secretaries signing the above letter.
See thermometer in December, p.
273, and in present number, p. 3.

Advance, London !
Delightful Examples.
Our friends in the London District will
have noted with pleasure the early and
assiduous efforts made by some of the
Districts to liquidate our Missionary
Debt. As early as 1911 the Sheffield
District was mobilising (membership
8,594), and a distinctly successful
bazaar and exhibition was held in April,
1912. Its educative side was valuable:
its gross receipts were £1,313 and the
net result £1,026. The organization of
this exhibition was most thorough: a
handbook, distinguished openings, re-
presentations, etc., etc. And all this is
writ in the ECHO for June of that year,
and from the final paragraph we quote:
“Then the chief Minister called the people
together in the great hall, and they all
sang with one voice praise unto Him from
whom all blessings flow, and every minis-
ter and circuit steward, and church officer,
and all who had in any wise contributed
their service, and of their substance, re-
turned to their homes with melody in their
hearts, for the Lord of Hosts had greatly
helped His people, and blessed His in-
Leeds District (membership 10,628)
was then preparing for a similar effort,
and it was consummated in the Town
Hall, June 25th—29th. A fine or-
ganization here also, many hands and
hearts combined, and the gross receipts
were £1,703, and the substantial and
useful sum of £1,531 was handed to our
Missionary Treasurer. Again we copy
the concluding sentence, from the ECHO
for August, 1912 :
“In conclusion we will only say that this
effort is a striking proof that our Church
has still great undeveloped resources, upon
which it may draw. And if we are able
to kindle the imagination, and fire the
hearts of our people, most of our Con-
nexional debts and difficulties will melt
like snow in the sun.”
The next in order is Manchester Dis-
trict—membership 10,966. The idea
of a bazaar and exhibition was not
adopted. Instead, they depended upon
the churches in the way we are doing, to
levy themselves “according to their
several ability,” hence the illustration is
to us the more applicable and inspiring.
An elaborate scheme was prepared, by
which every circuit was shown its obliga-
tion and privilege and then left to raise
the portion as it would. Right royally
has the call been met. They are not
yet in a position to make a complete
statement, as the fund was not closed
till December 31st, but the Secretary
has kindly reported the progress made.
On December 1st they stood at £1,850
(net) and the confident hope was ex-
pressed, that the amount handed in will
be £2,000! It has done the District
good. God is blessing the Churches
most that get nearest to the point of
sacrifice. So will it be with us. Other
Districts are gathering the clans, and
are about at the stage we are. Our
example will therefore urge on others,
so that in July next the work will be
Shall we not
“ Take occasion by the hand, and make
The bounds of freedom wider yet ”—
for our beloved Church ? She is unable
by the crippling of her finance to do the
work for which she is so eminently fitted.
Progress is the mark of the Church
abroad: this will surely re-act upon the
Church at home. Let us at once regis-
ter the amount we will raise and report
it to the secretaries. Their task is
heavy : every circuit may make it easier,
and at the same time it will do a bigger
thing—it will lift the load from our two
important Committees, Home Missions
and Foreign Missions. We commend
this momentous question to Him who
is “able to do for us exceeding abun-
dantly, above all that we ask or think,
according to the power that ivorketh in
us,” and so leave it with confidence to
the circuits and churches of our District.
Sacrifice Or Superfluity.
Jesus said, “Verily‘I say unto you,
that this poor widow hath cast more in
than all they which have cast into the
treasury (she had only given a farthing);
for all they did cast in of their abund-
ance: but she of her want did cast in all
that she had.”
What made the widow’s gift supreme ?
Wherein did it differ from the gifts of
the rich ? The rich gave superfluities,
the widow a sacrifice. They gave the
parings, she cut to the quick.
We plead for the “ widow’s mite ” and
that is sacrifice. God asks nothing less,

Advance, London !
and to deny God is to starve your own
soul. Niggardliness lies at the root of
the unripeness and unhappiness of many
Christians. It is when the fire of sacri-
fice ascends that the blessing of God falls
upon the worshipper. When the sacri-
fice is on the altar the Song of the Lord
begins in the heart. F. B.
Waltfoaipstow’s Effort.
The five churches of the Walthamstow
Circuit have decided to hold a Mis-
sionary Bazaar and Exhibition on
February 26th, 27th and 28th. Ar-
rangements have been made with a
front-rank firm of bazaar decorators to
transform the large Shernhall Institute
into African and Chinese “ Courts ” ;
and a generous supply of curios and
material from the “Foreign Field” will
make the work of the several lecturers
easier, and the comprehension of the
auditory clearer.
Two results are being aimed at:
(a) To educate our members as to the
real nature of missionary work. The
arrangements made by our tireless secre-
tary (Rev. A. C. Lockett) will include
the attendance of sufficient experts in
practical missionary operations to en-
sure vivid descriptions of the ordinary
and extraordinary routine abroad.
(b) To raise a generous share of the
total monetary contribution expected
from London for the Missionary Debt
Extinction Scheme. The circuit unani-
mously and swiftly said that the propor-
tion asked for must be raised. Local
debts on new buildings still remain:
but they are not as imperative in the'r
urgency as is the Missionary deficit.
Every member of the churches will be
asked to contribute, at Least, one article
to the great “ work stall ”—and every
visitor to the exhibition will, we trust,
catch something of the glorious sacri-
ficial spirit that made the Halifax Con-
ference historic.
Then at our March quarterly meeting
we shall be able to cry “ Thanks be to
God.” ' J. E.
“ We are Debtors ! ”
“ Leave the twaddle of sacrifice for
those who do not appreciate the sacri-
fice of the Cross. Let the Church give
her best, her very best, in heart, mind,
and body, for Christ’s world-work. The
best and greatest of all works requires
the best and greatest men. We want
men who will thoroughly enjoy all kinds
of roughing it, who will be glad when
ease and comfort can be had, but who
will look upon all that comes as only the
pepper and salt, giving zest to work,
and creating the appetite for more. The
harvest ripens fast, where shall we look
for labourers? The Master has said.
Pray! May they soon be sent! The
light is being sown, the darkness is
breaking, the thick clouds are moving,
and the lost ones are being gathered'
“We have given the Orient warships
and telephones, steam-cars and sewing-
machines, silk hats and cigarettes, but
except the old man be changed within,
all these adventitious trappings will
make Orientals more potent forces for
Prize Offer.
A splendid Home Mission work, “ Drijt-
ing Wreckage,×´ by the Rev. W. L. Morton
(Hodder and Stoughton ; 6s.) will be given
for the best list of those who have gone to
the foreign field from the London District.
The fullest possible particulars must be given,
and, if passed away, date of death.
E.g.—The Rev. F. Galpin went to China•
from the old London Fourth in 1867, was
there thirty years, and now resides at 176â– 
Browning Road, Manor Park, E.
The lists must reach the Editor on or beforeâ– 
February 1st.
Interesting campaign items received •
any time by the Editor or Secretaries :
“ Let us consider one another to provoke
unto love and good works.”—Heb. x. 24-

Op Safari: froip
Nairobi to Mora.
The conclusion of the march, the story of
which has been told in three previous
I EXT day we delayed a while
to give the men a chance to
get together for the next
stage, which was a long climb. We
had to be content when a few of
them came, and we got away about 9
a.m., sending a few back to relieve the
rearmost. The desire for a taste of
fresh meat sent me in pursuit of a herd
of antelope, but cover was scarce and I
was unable to get near to the wily
beasts, which have keener senses than
we can conceive. Still further on, I
had a gallop after some zebra, but could
not get within half a mile of them, as I
judged, though it is hard to judge with
accuracy in this unaccustomed clear at-
mosphere. But while unsuccessful in
one sense, these side excursions lent
Wameru—ornamented. [Mr. F. Mitnntack.
By tbc Rev.
pleasant variety to the journey, without
delaying our progress.
As we ascended, the vegetation be-
came even scantier both in quantity and
variety; for long stretches only short
thin grass growing at all. While it
is pleasant to look at, there is no
Warmth in the scene here. Nor at
the time we passed was there
much in the atmosphere. A strong
effort of the imagination was needed to
convince us that we were actually cross-
ing the Equator. We were enveloped
in cold clammy clouds and the wind was
piercing. Sometimes the clouds would
lift a little, but only to give place to
pitiless rain. And while to myself it
was bracing to get a real touch of March
weather in season, for I have not yet
had time to become sensitive, to our
porters, dusky children of the sun, it
meant privation, as they were far more
scantily clothed than I. One of our
boys asked plaintively whether Ugereza
(England) was like this, and on hearing
that it was did not express any wish to
make acquaintance with our homeland.
Just when the invisible sun should
have been (and perhaps was) directly
overheard, I came up to a poor fellow
on the ground, huddled beneath the
scant shelter of his blanket. He was
one of our men who, a little sick the
previous day, had been relieved of his
load. He had utterly collapsed, so that
he had to be held in my saddle when I
placed him there. A very little longer
exposure in that weather would have
been serious for him. It was impossible
to do much for him there, but making
what haste we could afoot to camp, the
warmth of a fire, shelter, and a nourish-
ing drink soon helped him to pull him-
seif together. Camp was ready when
at 4 p.m. I arrived there, and we were
soon keeping the cold from our insides
with hot tea and enjoying the warmth
of a pleasant fire. This camp is at an
altitude of nearly 10,000 feet, and, as
we reached it by a long descent, we
reckoned on having touched probably
10,500 feet on the days’ journey. At

On Safari
the last camp we had had our experi-
ence of hunger; at this it was the turn
of the porters, who had consumed their
six days’ rations in four, and were now
without. We could do nothing, for all
the food we had with us would not have
made a bite apiece, and we were still in
no-man’s-land. And as this was our
last camp, and to-morrow our last day
of travel, things might have been worse.
I hoped they had the philosophy with
which a modern dramatist credits a
Thames-side vagrant, making him re-
mark: “ It is a bad habit to eat every
day,” and I was surprised that they bore
their hunger with so little complaint.
They shouldered their loads next
morning with as keen a desire as ever
we had, to get to Meru. We continued
the descent, crossing a stream near the
camp, and for a long while travelling
along the edge of the forest. In about
three hours we came upon a good road
which, starting from Meru, reaches the
edge of the District, and there awaits
its completion into Nyeri. Hencefor-
ward travelling was more easy, the
streams were bridged in a rough
fashion, and, except for a little broken
stretch in the forest, or maybe a fallen
tree across the road, going was smooth.
Now we came again across evidences of
mankind, herds of sheep, goats and
cattle, and by-and-by a little group of
men and boys, the first apart from our
own men, we had seen for days. About
11 a.m. we entered the forest, with
something of the feeling with which one
enters a great cathedral. Trees ; that
was all; but surely no work of man can
outface this great work of the Creator.
There they were, tall and graceful, in
the full glow of their vigorous life, more
beautiful shades from green to brown
than we thought existed. Some of
them were no doubt destined to be
served up, carved and polished to
beautify the houses of men, and others,
their strength to form the walls and sup-
port the roofs. But never will they look
the same either for beauty, or strength
as here in their own home and among
their brothers.
What a delight to the sense was that
ride through the forest, as the brilliant
insects floated gracefully in the air, and
the birds carolled their melodies over
our heads. They were “ over our
heads ” in another sense, too, sometimes
spoken of a preacher by his perplexed
people; for they sang so blithely and
carelessly as knowing the all-pervading

On Safari
Presence, that we anxious creatures of
God’s greater love fail to notice. We
had no encounters with beasts on the
way through, though one hears that oc-
casionally elephants, monkeys, and
leopards are to be seen on this route.
As we proceeded on our way it almost
began to seem as though the population
had turned out to meet us, for we met
many people passing along. Our
porters were glad to see them, for they
got their burdens shared, and some, at
least, got a little refreshment, by the
way, for which they were right ready.
This part of the ride lasted about two
hours, when suddenly leaving the forest
we saw Meru, as fertile valleys set in
a circle of the mountains, the Govern-
ment station on its hundred-acre green,
and away just at the edge of the picture
the little white building of grass which
was the Mission House and our home
We came to it by devious ways
through tracts of waving com, ready for
the harvest. It was a lovely day, as
different from the cold bleak heights of
yesterday as another continent. And
everything tended to make our coming
auspicious, as I trust it may be, in the
great interests we are . here to serve.
Soon a fair concourse of people gathered
to have a look at the new arrivals, and
at the strange things the white man had
brought; offering to work for us, so
that, for men, we might have started a
factory had we wished, at once.
And we? It was not easy to realize
that our wanderings were, for the
present over. Yet we were soon estab-
lished in our “ mansion,” glad to be at the
end of our way and glad to rest. “ It is
better to travel hopefully than to ar-
rive.” So said Stevenson when his
hope and his soul were alike in travell-
ing. But our travelling had been with
a mixture of hope and anxiety and it
was good to arrive. We had raced the
rains, we were in the land we had left
home to reach, among its people, at the
beginning of our course! Ah! there it
was, we were at the end of a stage only,
at the end of the preface; but at the
beginning of our road. There were
many questions in our mind as we looked
over the land and upon the people, but
no doubts. It would have been a sin
to doubt at such a moment as this.
Long road or short road, rough road or
smooth road we felt we could hencefor-
ward travel with hope to the great end
appointed for us.
״Our Mansion.” [Mr. F. Mitntnack.
(See also p. 208, 1913, for the actual arrival scene.)

T1?e Cry of tbc
Cbactcpg Cljildreij.
By the Rev.
GVEN in China the tables turn and
riches do not continue long in the
same family. The grandson of a
Governor of this Great Province is the
subject of this sketch. Without cloth-
ing, a tiny beggar of seven summers!
who׳ would connect him with a Gover-
nor? Yet such is the case. A char-
woman in our employ spoke to Mrs.
Dymond of his sad condition, he used to
be lying in the street as she came to
her work in the morning. Brought to
our house my wife learned that his
mother was dead, his father had left the
neighbourhood entrusting the child to
an uncle who sent him to the streets to
steal and beg as best he could. Young
“ Ready ” (as my wife calls him) used on
occasion to take what he gathered to
some fortune-teller who would give him
a few cash with which he could buy
sweets. For doing so he was thrashed
by his guardian; who. finding such
punishment ineffective, determined to
resort to sterner measures, and this led
to his coming to our notice. Paraffin
was poured over his seven-year-old arms
and ignited, burning hands and arms
badly; a red-hot poker was put into
his thigh to the depth of an inch, scald-
ing an ugly hole which festered and bred
Mount Street School, Salford : [Photo : Mr. Ernest Mann.
Juvenile Missionary Meeting.
This choir sang Chinese, Miao, and East African hymns.
Dr. Robson, Deputation.
maggots. The poor child was then sent
to beg; the agony was intense, and at
last he could hardly walk. An ex-
superintendent of police who knew the
whole case said “ Ah! if you will only
save the poor lad! ” He seemed much
moved at the horrible cruelty per-
petrated on the poor waif. My wife
took him in hand, as Dr. Savin was ab-
sent from town, and bathing with lotions
worked wonders. The poor little chap
soon brightened up, until now his sore is
nearly healed, and he has hat, shoes, a
pair of pants and a tiny gown for the
first time in his life. Yesterday going to
service he walked by my side, clean and
tidy, and the people said “ Look! that is
the little urchin who was so׳ cruelly
burnt, see what a difference ”! Such
cases as these we feel we must save
at whatever cost: so young “ Ready ” is
playing about our house and only has
one great dread, viz., that we will turn
him adrift. Sometimes he looks up so
plaintively in my wife’s face and says
“ Don’t let me go, don’t let me go.” The
streets have an horror for the poor wee
laddie, but an English matron with a
great mother’s heart has found him and
he is safe, never fear.
Some time ago at a place north of the
city called Kuan-pa-hai,
where we have a chapel
erected this year, a man
named Shen-lao-Kong
quarrelled with his wife.
He picked up his wee
baby girl of fifteen
months and deliberately
dashed it to the ground.
As it was not dead he
repeated the cruel treat-
ment and then called a
man to carry it out and
throw it away, paying
him one hundred cash
for his trouble. The
child was his, has he not
a perfect right to do
what he likes with it?
The Chinese think he
has, and are surprised at
our indignation.
Reading Professor

The Cry of the Chaotong Children
Giles’s book on China one is as-
founded at certain statements there-
in. Can it be that there are two
Chinese? Infanticide is fearfully com-
mon all around us; girls are thrown
away to our certain and frequent know-
Have you ever heard of sewing the
limbs of a person together with coarse
string ? Such was the cruel punishment
inflicted upon a slave girl by four women
in this heathen city. For some misde-
meanour or other the lower parts were
sewn up: she was sent on the streets to
buy oil, when the oilman noticed blood-
marks and asked the poor thing what
was the matter. Learning the slave-
girl’s story he immediately reported the
matter to the police with the result that
the four women were arrested and a
severe punishment meted out. The
people of Chaot’ong wonder that any
notice was taken as she was only a
But what of those things of which we
never hear ? Poverty, sinfulness, cruelty,
are very prevalent all around us. No
people are more needy of the Gospel
than the Chinese of Chaot’ong.
Our school is too full, our accommo-
dation quite insufficient, new dormi-
tories, a dining hall and large airy
schoolroom are absolutely necessary. I
have also to build a boundary wall
around the piece of ground recently pur-
chased, but so far the funds will not per-
mit it. May I ask. through your
columns, that /\oo may be given to
these objects as we believe that the
school would rapidly grow were our ac-
commodation equal to present needs.
The school was never so full as now,
and we Eave hopes of many more
scholars attending.
In a later letter Mr. Dymond utters more
heart-words, which must be pondered by our
readers. He says:
You must have had an enthusiastic
Conference. Report says subscriptions
have reached £8.900. This will give
the debt a heavy blow.
What can one do for homeless, house-
less, street waifs out here, naked boys of
12 and 14 upon the principal streets,
sleeping on ash heaps at night and act-
ing as beggars during the day ? To pass
by on the other side is as easy to-day as
ever, but not more satisfactory.
The worrying wail of the waif has been
puzzling me a great deal lately. The
Chinese say, “the Door of Benevolence
is hard to open ” and they keep it shut in
too many instances, but what ought we
to do ? Are not we guilty of the “ Be
thou warmed and filled ” attitude ?
I was reading lately that Ausgar
bought boys to train them as Christians
on his landing in Denmark. They only
need some ground maize and turnip
greens and are supplied with a meal.
Their clothing is of the cheapest. Ought
missionaries to leave starving children
alone ? Ought we to care ? Ah me!
would we had more of His Great Com-
passion; He was moved with compas-
sion for sheep without a shepherd. Have
any of us the faith of George Muller,
of Bristol?
There are many people “halting be-
tween two opinions,” hesitant about
joining us, yet wonderfully drawn by
the blessed Evangel we preach, for the
Chinese have deep down in their hearts
longings for goodness and purity and
heaven, thirstings for pardon and for
We praise God for the reducing of
the debt. Jehovah-Jireh.
May our people, knowing God, be
strong and do exploits.
An article by Mr. R. Fleming John-
ston (District Officer, Wei-hai-Wei) ap-
peared in The Nineteenth Century and
After for November. The title is “ The
Religious Future of China ” and is a
fairly strong appeal for the adoption of
Confucianism as the Chinese National
Religion: preferably by the voluntary
principle, but if any danger from that,
then by Establishment. The spirit of
the deliverance may be judged by the
following sentence, though we would
carefully note certain guarded expres-
sions:— (The italics are ours.)
“ Moreover, there is some reason to sus-
â– pect that the recent exaltation of Chris-
tianity (which culminated in the request of
an evanescent Chinese cabinet for Chris-
tian prayers) was to some extent fictitious,
and was connected with circumstances—
political, social, and economic—which be-
long• to a transitory phase of Chinese
national life.”

Tlje Observatory. the editor.
We wish all our readers A Happy New Year.
have all been impressed with
the beauty as well as the
earnestness of the letter sent
out by our officers on this question. It
has as its prelude the great text, “ Ex-
ceeding abundantly.” It proceeds to
remind members of last Conference and
those who sympathise with the pledge
then taken, of their solemn obligation,
and their enthusiasm then, which should
be and must be, followed by action now.
“We had the vision at the Conference,
and we saw, not only that God could enable
us to maintain all our missions, but there
were unfolded before our minds the greater
works which might be done through our
Almighty Lord.”
This letter is signed by the President,
who appeals to us in his message in this
number; by the Treasurer, who is al-
ways faithful to his responsible position
and eager with his gifts ; and our Secre-
tary, on whom the burden of the deficit
is falling in a way few can appreciate.
Before the meeting of the Committee in
April there not only ought to be an
earnest of the wiping out of the debt,
but a promise of an uplift in the or-
dinary income. May God baptize us
with His own Spirit, and may the Dis-
tricts, the circuits, the churches, and the
members be suffused with a gracious
and noble enthusiasm.
We may now say that all who left us
so recently are now at their work. We
trust all has gone well with every one of
them, and theirs.
In the W.M.A. department we have
extracts from Miss Armitt’s letters en
route, and she reached C'hu Chia on
Nov. 20th. The Rev. John Hinds arrived
at Tong Shan towards the end of Oct.
.There were 21 missionaries on their
train. They were only about ten
minutes late on a 13 days’ journey. He
thanks all for their personal interest in
Mrs. Hinds and himself since Union,
and especially during their furlough.
The Rev. F. B. Turner is also safe at
Tientsin, and the Rev. J. B. Griffiths at
W. Butcher and Sons, Farringdon
Avenue, E.C., are offering a very fine
set of slides on the life and work of Liv-
ingstone, â– complete in a strong carrying
case, together with a lecture, Jor 21s.
Miss Ada Holt (now Mn. T M. Gauge) [” Taken ” by the Rev. T. M. Gauge.
in the Courtyard of a Temple, Wenchow.
In our December
number (p. 267) we
showed a portrait
of this Conference,
we are now
watching with in-
terest certain de-
velopments. The
Conference was
esse n t i a 1ly a
united one, and
was intended for
the promotion of
co-operation and
unity. It now
transpires that
nlans for the
formation of a
united native
church were car-
ried to an ad-
vanced stage.

Notable Collectors
ancl the proceedings were closed
with a united communion service con-
ducted by the Bishop of Mombasa, the
Bishop of Uganda being also present.
When the news reached this country it
provoked severe criticism from members
of the High Church party, as a result of
which the Edinburgh Continuation Com-
mittee, without implying or expressing
an opinion on the merits of the case,
have pointed out that such corporate
union as was foreshadowed at Kikuyu
lies quite beyond the present range of
the operations of the committee.
Notable Collectors.
The Launceston (Tower Street) Circuit has
a number of notable collectors as the Mis-
sionary Report from year to year witnesses,
but it will be readily adjudged that the group
which we have pleasure in presenting to your
readers, bears the palm. They were all some
time connected with our village church at
Lerwannick—iwere close ■friends—and their
love and service have gone far to make the
annual Missionary meeting the most “not-
able” in the District.
Mrs. Ware—then Miss Congdon—took fhe
box in 1894, and notwithstanding her mar-
riage two years later, she held on to this
work, and even when she moved so far away
that she could not regularly worship at
Lewannick, her interest was maintained and
help ungrudgingly rendered, as her record
shows. Unhappily she left the neighbour-
hood last year, and the link is broken.
Miss Inch—as a child in the Sunday School
•—took a card in 1896, and again in 1898, and
from thenceforward a box, which she has
used assiduously to her own delight and that
of her friends, and also that of her minister.
Miss Couch, also, as a child took a card in
1901, and again in 1902, and then in 1904 a
box, and although never strong, except in her
attachments, yet such is her love to Christ and
His Kingdom that she never wearies in this
Here are their records : —
Mrs. Ware. Miss Inch. Miss Couch.
£ s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d.
1894 l 2 2
1895 l 8 0
1896 l 4 0 0 8 6
1897 l 4 0
1898 l 0 0 0 15 4
1899 l 0 0 1 0 6
1900 l 2 0 1 5 9
1901 l 7 0 1 7 0 0 13 6
1902 l 8 3 1 7 6 0 17 0
1903 l 8 0 1 12 9
1904 l 10 6 1 14 6 1 3 0
1905 l 13 0 1 19 0 1 15 0
1906 l 9 0 2 0 6 1 17 9
1907 l 10 3 2 2 6 1 18 10
1908 l 12 6 2 3 0 2 0 0
1909 l 16 0 2 3 0 2 0 0
1910 l 16 6 2 3 0 ’ 1 13 6
1911 l 16 6 2 3 3 2 0 0
1912 l 16 6 2 3 6 2 0 6
1913 2 3 6 2 1 0
Totals . 27 4 2 28 13 1 20 0 1
Grand Total £75 17s. 4d.
—Per Rev. Edwin Hortop.

Tlje Missionary
“ Drifting Wreckage: A Story of
Rescue?' By W. Lockhart Morton,
Adelaide. 6s. (Hodder and Stough-
This book is in two parts: Rescue
Work in Home Lands, Missionary
Work in Foreign Lands. Both are full
of fact and illustration. The former is
indeed a marvellous story. In a fore-
word Dr. J. Wilbur Chapman says, “ In
almost every city of Australia we find
the fruit of Mr. Morton’s labours.”
Every possible detail of Home Mission
work is dealt with most thoroughly, and
will be helpful to British readers.
We naturally turn to “the Missionary
work,” the story of which occupies about
53 PP• of the 317. Men and women
are deliberately trained for foreign
work, the plans are interdenomina-
tional, and they mission Africa and
China. So as the writer deftly quotes,
in his preface,
“Thoughts are expressed, not deftly spun
From loom of loyal heart or busy brain :
But gathered in the haunts of thoughtful
That I may test their worth and pass
them on :
Thoughts neither theirs nor mine, but gifts
of God;
Let all the glory be to Him alone.”
"Missionary Principles?' By the Rev.
Roland Allen, M.A. (Robert
Scott; 2s. 6d. net.)
In our issue for July, 1912, Dr.
Clemens reviewed Mr. Allen’s “ Mis-
sionary Methods: St. Paul’s or Ours.”
In this case the author has a more diffi-
cult task, as the books on Principles and
Methods are numerous. â–  We are de-
lighted with his brief preface in the light
of this remark.
“If I have attempted to restate a few
commonplace truths, let their frequent
neglect by my excuse : if in restating I
have untruthed any, let my censure be their
Very smart, except in the use of a new
and clumsy verb. Yet, on such themes
as “the impulse, the hope, the means,
the re-action,” which the author has not
commonplaced, he has bright and in-
spiriting things to say, e.g.,
“Christians do not question the com-
mand of Christ to preach the Gospel to all
nations. Tliev do not doubt that Christ
gave it; they do not doubt His right to give
it; they simply disobey it.”
“We know Christ can appeal to us. We
know something of His power, His nature,
His purpose. If we know any more to-day
it is because we have had Foreign Mis-
“At home the things we are asked to
give are very largely things which we can
see. They touch our own comfort and ap-
peal to our own senses.
“Nothing is really given till it is given
away, but this giving is largely giving to
ourselves. ... In giving to Missions we
escape from this snare, and it is an in-
valuable lesson in the meaning of giving.
This necessarily reacts upon all our giving
at home.”
The book reminds us of Malden’s
“ Foreign Missions: A Study of Some
Principles and Methods,” and it is a
great compliment so to speak.
"Men and the World Ö¾Enterprise?'
(Oliphant, Anderson and Ferrier;
is. net.)
The book serves an admirable pur-
pose in presenting the Layman’s view
of present missionary problems and in-
eludes contributions from representative
men connected with the various Chris-
tian communions in this country. De-
livered first as addresses at the success-
ful Laymen’s Missionary Conference,
held at Buxton, these are now revised
and enlarged, and amongst the contents
are the following:—Mr. Kenneth Mac-
lennan on “The World Outlook”; Dr.
Karl W. Kumm on “ Africa ” ; Dr. Lav-
ington Hart, Dr. W. H. G. Aspland,
Mr. M. T. Z. Tyau, and Mr. George
Rowntree on “ China ” ; Mr. N. Mick-
lem and Professor Raju, of Agra Uni-
versify on "India”: Mr. R. P. Wilder
on “Prayer as a Means of Promoting
the Work of Missions ”; and Mr. J. D.
Crosbie, D.L., on “Discipleship and

The International Review of Missions
Service.” An introduction is con-
tributed by Mr. Douglas Eyre. The
book is edited by Mr. Charles T. Bate-
man, of the Missionary Press Bureau.
“ God's Fellow ־Workers and the House
that is to be built for Jehovah” By
C. B. Keenleyside, B.A., B.D. (Mor-
gan and Scott; is. net. (Original Edi-
tion, 1910; 6s.)
A CHARMING book. Under the
happy similitude of the building of the
Temple of Solomon the author, a
Canadian layman, gives us a manifesto
for Missions, which deserves to rank
with Andrew Murray’s “ Key to Che Mis-
sionary Problem.” He dwells eloquent-
ly on “ The House, the Material, the
Builders, the Resources, the Cost, the
Progress, and the Prospects.” There is
also a chapter, “ Intensely and purely
personal.” It will be seen how the out-
line lends itself to delightful treatment;
but it might have been tame and poor
from some pens. Its appeal, its illustra-
tion, its freshness—all commend the
book to both the enthusiastic, and those
willing to be enthused. Take two illus-
trations from the chapter “ The Cost,"
on a theme which always touches tender
Stand at the nursery door to-night,
Christian mother in the home-land, and
look upon the sleeping bairns, and
imagine, if you can, what it would cost
you to send them away for years, half
round the world, to be trained and educa-
ted by others. Think how it would trouble
you to choose between this sacrifice and
the other one, of leaving the work you love
and the side of him whose sworn helpmeet
you are. Either choice must rend the
heart-strings : and yet. this goes on
amongst the missionaries as a regular
part of their inheritance. It is a portion
of the price they pay for their place in the
great Temple-building plans of God.
Two million Christians in the non-Chris-
tian world, out of their poverty gave last
year for Missionary purposes some
;£960,000, or an average of 10s. each—
nearlv a quarter as much as forty millions
of Protestant Christians—the wealthiest
people in Christendom—gave. In Chris-
tendom, out of our superfluity’ and mean-
ness, we give an average of 2s. to 2s. 6d.
per head.
" On the. Banks of the Besor, or the Man
Behind, the Baggage” By C. B.
Keenleyside, B.A., B.D. (Morgan
and Scott; 75 th thousand; one
penny.) Its circulation is testimony
sufficient to the excellence of this
The Iptcrpatiopal
Review Of Missions.*
Q ESIDES other valuable features
the new number contains a
“Missionary Survey of 1913)” by
Mr. J. H. Oldham, based on the Re-
ports of Missionary Societies and or-
ganizations in the mission field, on a
regular examination of 250 magazines,
newspapers and reviews, both general
and missionary, and on personal com-
munications from over 150 corres-
pondents in all parts of the world. The
international resources at the service of
the Continuation Committee of the
Edinburgh Conference have been fully
utilized to make this connected literary
record of a year so full of world-wide
political, social, and religious signific-
ance unique in value to students of mis-
sions. Ministers will find in this survey
a background for the missionary propa-
ganda of their own denomination. The
material is grouped under different
countries, including all the mission fields
and the Home Base in America, Great
Britain and the continent of Europe;
side-notes facilitate reference to the
various topics, and the main published
sources of information are indicated in
“Nevertheless Afterward” By the
Rev. Alexander R. Saunders. (Mor-
gan and Scott, and C.I.M. ; 3d. net.)
A TENDER remembrance of losses in
China during the Boxer year, and re-
cords of the rich growth since. Thir-
teen years’ 'history shows “there is no
such thing as waste in the pouring forth
of our lives for Christ and our fellow-
*January, 1914. No. 9. 2s. 6d. ; subscription price,
8s. per year. Oxford Press, London, and 1 Char-
lotte Square, "Edinburgh.

New Year’s Messages from YV.M.A. Secretaries.
TN view of the present outlook my
Ö¾*â–  message to the W.M.A. members,
and all interested in missionary work is
this. Arise ! work ! our opportunity is
now; 1914 will only come our way this
My New Year’s Message to our mem-
bers and helpers is a threefold one,
gathered after earnest prayer for guid-
ance, from my “ Precious Promise ” box,
to which I always turn for special mes-
sages, either for others or for myself.
“ Why art thou cast down, O my
soul,.....hope thou in God (Psa xlii.
5) for “ In quietness and confidence shall
be your strength” (Isa. xxx. 15), and
“ God will wipe away tears from off all
faces; and the rebuke of His people
shall He take away from off all the
earth: for the Lord hath spoken it”
(Isa. xxv. 8).
The last few years have been some-
what trying to those who have really
desired with a great yearning the com-
ing of God’s Kingdom into the hearts
and lives of our Sisters in China and
The enormous Missionary Debt has
seemed to cripple and crush our efforts
at every turn, and however hard we
have worked we have ,net apparently
made much progress, in our own par-
ticular work. We have been “cast
down ” in soul, and yet God’s wonderful
work has been going on all the time,
in His own way. Over thirteen years
ago, in China, thousands of her people
were cruelly prit to death for their faith-
fulness to the “Jesus” religion: to-day
she asks for the prayers of the “ Jesus ”
followers all over the world. This an-
cient and resourceful country realizes
that if she is to be the great and
powerful nation that she may be, her
daughters, as well as her sons must be
educated. So she has established her
board of education: schools and col-
leges are being built and (a most sig-
nificant fact this) Christian teachers are
to have the preference; for, above all
else, China realizes that it is Chris-
tianity that makes a nation great.
We are hearing and reading on every
hand of the wonderful way in which
God’s Holy Spirit is moving among
this truly remarkable people. Nosu
landlords, wealthy, powerful, giving a
fortnight in our Bible-school to learn of
Jesus from Mr. Mylne. A Mandarin
giving largely of his wealth and time,
towards the provision of a home for the
hundreds of poor lepers in Yunnan,
which Mr. Pollard is to get established.
The mighty effort that China is mak-
ing to rid herself of that dread curse,
opium—(truly God’s words are being
literally fulfilled1 in this, as in much else
“the rebuke of His people shall He
take away from off all the earth ”). Hun-
dreds of people coming for baptism at
our services—and so one could go on,
for it is wonderful—“beyond all telling."
We will “ hope in God ” and “ in
quietness and in confidence ” we will go
on praying, giving, and working, find-
ing truly enough that “ strength ” has
been given.
We shall find, ere long, that it will
not be possible for China’s women to be
shunned, ignored, treated as slaves; nor
her girls to be “put away” or cursed
from their babyhood upwards—for
“ God will wipe away tears from off all
faces ”......for the Lord hath spoken
So we will rejoice, pray, believe, and
work, until God’s Kingdom has come,.

The Work of Our Women’s Auxiliary
and His will is being done, in China,
in Africa, even as it is in Heaven.
“ Lord, teach us each to take some share
In answering our daily prayer
Thy Kingdom come.”
May this be our prayer for this year,
the year which is to see us free from
A happy New Year to you dear
readers. I am so glad that there
are 2,500 more of you now than a
year ago, and hope you will help us
to the very limit of your powers. Jesus
said, “ Go ye into all the world and
preach” It is an imperative command
to go yourself or send an equal.
There are many ways of helping
Jesus to save the world. The story of
the beginning of what is termed the
Miao movement illustrates what may be
done in other places, if we have the
right spirit. A missionary, while on a
journey in that land of mists and moun-
tains rested by the wayside, in order
that he might partake of his lunch. (I
do not know if it was “bread and sun-
shine ”). He observed a Miao tribes-
man near by who was wistfully looking
at the foreigner’s food ; the missionary,
thinking the man was hungry, shared
his lunch with him. This simple act of
kindness so impressed the Miao that he
could not forget it, for he had never
been treated so by a stranger. He
talked about it to his feUow tribesmen
and together they came to the con-
elusion that the missionary must be pos-
sessed of some wonderful knowledge
and power, something of which they
knew not. They determined to find
out the truth, so one day 50 of these
men walked many miles to visit a C.I.M.
Mission station and asked to be taught
the Truth. The missionary in charge
was already overburdened with work,
and advised them to go to the Chao
Tong Mission. Acting on his advice
a number of their chief men paid a sur-
prise visit to our Chao Tong Mission,
and were heartily welcomed by Mr. Pol-
lard and party. And so began a mighty
work which is still growing.
Have we no blessing which we may
share with Africa and China’s sons and
daughters ?
A young lady, carrying a Dorothy
bag, taxed to its fullest capacity, sus-
pended from her wrist, and a bunch of
chrysanthemums in her hand which
seemed to light up the dull November
evening with sunshine, stood at the
Manse door and greeted the minister’s
wife with the eager question, “ Am I
too early for the magazine ? ” and
while offering the flowers said, “I am
out with my missionary box (it was in
the Dorothy bag) several folk put in
weekly pennies and I try to visit them
This is how she became a collector.
One Sunday when she was coming out
of church the minister said to her, “ I
wish you would take the MISSIONARY
ECHO monthly.” She did so, and while
she read her first number she was filled
with a desire to do something to help
the Missionary Society. She then went
to the minister and asked for a mission-
ary box. That was six years ago, and
A fortune teller at Chu Chia. [Dr. A. K. Baxter.
Blind from birth: Operated
on for congenital cataract.

The Work of Our Women’s Auxiliary
now her friends say, “ She always has
that box with her.” Can we not say to
our friends, “ I wish you would take the
Missionary Echo, and so help to cir-
culate our splendid missionary month-
Extracts from Sister Lily Armitt’s
“ Since leaving Port Said, the weather
has been tropical, after we have passed
Singapore we shall have it cooler......
The C.I.M. missionaries from England
and Germany are well represented on
this boat....... Many American mis-
sionaries left us last Saturday at
Colombo for India .... As a mission-
ary party, led by Rev. Barclay Buxton,
of the Japan Evangelistic Band, we have
daily Bible readings from “ The Acts of
the Apostles,” which have proved help-
ful and searching....... The children
of several missionaries keep us young
with daily games, and on Sundays we
gather for a children’s meeting........
The ports of call on this line have been
very interesting, especially Genoa,
Naples, and Colombo. The visit to
Pompeii from Naples will never be for-
gotten. In company with some German
Bucharis !Lilies, Bo, Sierra Leone.
Grown in the Mission garden with Practically
no attention. —Rev. A. E. Greensmith.
sisters I went ashore at Colombo, and a
native Christian known to them acted
as guide....... A fortnight more, and
we shall be in Shanghai. 1 feel lost with-
out the “ U.M.,” and my usual letters. I
expect a batch will await my arrival in
China . . . . . . Some missionaries in
the cabin next to mine are friends of
Dr. and Mrs. Parrott, of the “ Door of
Hope,” Shanghai......... I send my
love and thanks to all the dear ones of
the W.M.A........ The weather to-day
has been that of cloud and sunshine—a
parable of life, but God’s clouds always
have a silver lining ....
Nov. 5th.—Here I am at Shanghai,
with Miss Hornby, at her “Nursing
Home for European Patients.” I stayed
yesterday with a friend who works
among the Japanese, little is done for
them in Shanghai........ Dr. Swallow
has arrived to-day; we are having a
happy time. I go on to Tientsin on
Saturday. (See p. 18.—Ed.)
The latest news regarding Miss Ethel
Squire, B.A., is that she is at home
with her father, but must report herself
at the Hospital at intervals.
“Father, let me dedicate, this New
Year to Thee,”
“ I am Thine, O Lord, I have heard
Thy voice,”
“ Take my life, and let it be.”
Scripture: Romans x.
Praise: For safe arrival of Sister Lily
in China and for the growing interest
which the women of our churches are
taking in the work of our W.M.A
Prayer.—That Mrs. Savin, who ex-
pects to return to China early in the
year may receive all needful help in ar-
ranging for her departure, and that she
may have a very safe and happy voyage.
That our missionaries in West China
may be Divinely guided in the matter of
the leper settlement. That we may
witness unprecedented prosperity on all
our foreign stations, and that a spirit
of true consecration may possess all our
churches at home.

these alone, but for them also which shall believe on Me through their word ;
That they all may be one ; as Thou, Father, art in Me, and I in Thee,
that they also may be one in Us ; that the world may believe that Thou
hast sent Me.”
John xvii. 11, 20, 21.
A Weijcljow
By tbe Rev.

' T Wenchow, on October 4th,
1913, the marriage of Miss
Ada Holt and the Rev. Tom
M. Gauge, was celebrated under happy
and auspicious conditions.
*This requested contribution arrived too late for
last issue.—Ed.
Rev. T. M. Gauge. H. S. Rich, Shanghai.
February, 1914.
This interesting event of two United
Methodist Church missionaries being
joined in matrimony marked a red-letter
day in the history of our Wenchow Mis-
Shanghai has been the favoured place
in which most of our â– missionaries have
Mrs. T. M. Gauge, [Seaton, Bury,

Wenchow Marriage
been united in holy matrimony. This
has not always been a matter of choice,
but of necessity, though involving
11,000 miles of sea-journey. This mar-
riage had another distinctive mark so far
as our South-Eastern China Mission is
concerned. It was the first union of
two active and fully recognized mis-
sionaries of our churches.
The W.M.A. have every reason to
feel proud of their choice of Miss Holt
as an Educational Missionary. In lan-
guage-study she has excelled. As a
teacher and organizer she has had
great success, five of her pupils having
passed the Government examination
with credit, and obtained pupil teachers’
certificates during the present year.
The Rev. Tom M. Gauge has also
rung true in the tests which challenge
the missionary in his early years. The
difficulties of the Wenchow dialect have
had no terrors for him. He has sue-
ceeded beyond the average in obtain-
ing a working knowledge of both
Chinese character and colloquial. When
left in charge of our Wenc'how College
during the absence on furlough of Prin-
cipal Chapman, he proved himself
worthy of such an honurable responsi-
bility. As minister in charge of an im-
portant group of Chinese churches he
is likewise proving himself a “ good
workman,” and preparing for greater
The day was gloriously fine—a typical
Wenchow autumn day.
The chapel was filled with foreign
and Chinese guests. H.BiM. Consul
honoured the bride and bridegroom by

Reception at Marriage of Miss A. Holt and Rev. Tom M. Gauge.
Front Row: Mrs. Heywood, Miss Scott (Bridesmaid), H. B. M. Vice-Consul (O.W. Pearson, Esq.),
Miss Elsa Saville (Flower-girl), Mrs. Gauge, Rev. T. M. Gauge, the Deputy Commissioner
(C. Talbot Bowring, Esq.).
Second Row (standing): Rev. A. H, Sharman, Mrs. E. J. Dingle (left of Consul), Mrs. Chapman
and Marguerite (behind bride). Principal Chapman (behind the Commissioner), Rev. J. W.
(Wenchow Photographer.

Foreign Secretary’s Notes
attending in full uniform, and the
Deputy-Commissioner of Customs, C.
Talbot Bowring, Esq., was also present.
The Chinese had some difficulty in
following the hymns—
“ Breathe on me, Breath of God ”
“ O perfect Love, all human thought
But when the Chinese marriage hymn
was sung, there was no doubt about
their entering into the spirit of the ser-
vice. The following is the first verse in
Wenchow romanization
“ Chang Zaih ji Zaih da Ko hue shi,
Chiae Chi sing tsz Kung ’ae hue li;
Sang-loa Sang-vu n Zang Zing iaih,
Taih Ko, iaih t’i, iaih sang, iaih i.”
In the evening a number of guests
were entertained a la Chinese. The
whole day was truly a happy one. East
and West .vied with each other in con-
gratulations and gifts to Kuh Sie-sae
and Kuh Siz-mo. The parents of the
happy couple, Mr. and Mrs. J. Holt, of
Bury, and Mr. and Mrs. J. Gauge, of
London, were not forgotten. To them,
although divided by the seas. “Whu-
Shi,” was expressed, and the prayer ut-
tered that their children may long
honour them and the Home Churches
by faithful and successful work in the
Mission Field.

poreigp Secretary’s
The Kikuyu THE Conference of Mis-
Controversy, sionaries labouring in
East Africa, held at
Kikuyu last June,* stands out with unan-
ticipated prominence and is likely to de-
rive historical importance from the con-
troversy it has excited, The con-
troversy arises from the action of the
Bishops of Uganda and Mombasa in
holding true Christian communion with
missionaries of other churches in the ob-
servance of the Lord’s Supper, and in
approving the plan of co-operation be-
tween missionary societies which prac-
tically disregards any exclusive epis-
copal and sacerdotal claim on the part
of the Church of England. It is a
strange irony of events which makes a
Conference, convened to express and
formulate the broadest Christian unity
and co-operation, the occasion of ac-
centuating the internal dissension of one
of the Churches represented in the
worthy endeavour. The action of the
Bishops of the Protectorate in striving
to establish nnion and co-operation
among all the missions labouring for the
uplifting and evangelisation of. East
Africa is perfectly loyal to the true
Christian spirit and must win the hearty
approval of evangelical Christianity
* See p. 267, 1913, for group.—Ed.
By tbe
throughout the world. But the spirit of
Christian love and unity conflicts with
the letter of episcopal pretensions as re-
Father, Mother and Daughter—
Kikuyu Tribe.

Foreign Secretary’s Notes
presented by the Bishop of Zanzibar.
The Bishop of Zanzibar did not attend
the Conference; if he had done so, it
may be that the manifestation of the
Spirit there experienced might have
reconciled him to the action taken.
In view of the distinction this Con-
ference has attained, it is interesting to
refer to the report of the Rev. W. U.
Bassett, who attended as our representa-
live. From what he says, it is evident
that the Spirit of God moved powerfully
upon the assembly and that all alike
were conscious of being directed by Him
who abides in the Church as her per-
petual Guide and Teacher. Mr. Bassett
“ It must have been a sight that gave
pleasure to the Great Head of the Church
to see Anglican and Baptist, Presbyterian
and Seventh Day Adventist, Methodist,
â– Quaker and Lutheran, all of one heart and
mind. Bishop Peel (of Mombasa) said,
This occasion is to me the most wonder-
ful in all my mission experience. One
can only thank God that one has lived
through missionary years to come to a
time like this. The presence of God has
:Rev. J. R. Robson, ISd.D.,
.North China, 1883—
[New photograph—Pendry, Nottingham.
never left us throughout the Conference
for a moment. We have had given to us
heart union and unity though we have not
got that outward union which it is not
possible ,to obtain at this moment; but
we have a heart unity that the Lord Jesus
has begotten in us by the Holy Spirit.’
“The devotional services will never be
forgotten. Special mention should be
made of a devotional address by Bishop
Willis (of Uganda) on ‘ Washing one
another’s feet.’ One can understand in
some measure after a week’s close contact
with this man of God why he is so beloved
in his diocese. The first suggestion of a
native African Church iwas made by Bishop
Willis, and he itold me that he was certain
the idea was planted in his heart by the
Holy Spirit.”
Presentation When the Committee was
to Dr. under the much-regretted
Plummer. necessity of accepting the
resignation of Dr. Plum-
mer, there was a strong desire to give
him some token of the affection and es-
teem in which he is held on account of
his noble character and his unstinted
services in connection with the Hospital
and Mission at Wenchow for the last
twelve years. With a true missionary
spirit, he made monetary and other
sacrifices for the sake of the work he
loved. Such labour cannot be measured
in money. It was decided that the token
should take the form of a time-piece suit-
ably inscribed. Our worthy treasurer,
Mr. W. H. Butler, undertook the selec-
tion of the gift, and "by his generosity,
the testimonial is presented without any
charge whatever upon our funds.
The testimonial is composed of a very
handsome clock and two side ornaments
made from green Algeria onyx and
bronze. Two female figures stand on
either side of the clock movement and'
hold between them over the clock gar-
lands of flowers surmounted by the figure
of Cupid, the subject being the
“ Triumph of Love ” by the celebrated
sculptor, George Maxim. The side
ornaments are also emblematic, one
representing “ Commerce ” and the other
“ Industry,” being representations of the
statues of the French Sculptor, Pieffer.
The inscription reads: “ Presented to
Dr. W. E. Plummer by the Treasurer
and Missionary Committee of the United
Methodist Church in recognition of his

Foreign Secretary’s Notes
valuable and devoted ser-
vice for 12 years in Wen-
chow, China.”
ZIDotto for 2>ebt
Our Debt The mercury
Thermometer, is rising, but
we want our
friends to do their utmost
to accelerate its rise by an
early fulfilment of their
promises to the debt. It
is also most desirable for
the churches and circuits
to pay their quota into
the fund as early as pos-
sible. There is a ten-
dency to defer payment
until the last moment
which we hope our friends will resist.
“ He gives twice who gives in a trice.”
The LIGHT that
From “ Missionary Review
of the World."
A Worthy Our church at Becket
Example. Street, Derby, is not large
nor wealthy, but it has set
an example which, if followed by all the
Churches in the Denomination, would
settle the question of the Missionary
debt in a very short time. Its quota at
the rate of 5 s. per member was L38. A
Saturday evening social tea and evening
followed by the services on Sunday re-
suited in the entire sum being promised.
Nothing was taken from the Sunday
collections, except the sum received
above the average offerings. Local
claims and needs might have been
urged against a special effort for
the debt, as can be done in most
places, hut any such considerations
were not allowed to hinder the achieve-
ment of a great denominational pur-
Sister Lily We are exceedingly sorry
Armitt’s to state that Sister Lily
Illness. Armitt contracted typhoid
fever almost immediately upon her ar-
rival at Chu Chia. During her voyage
and when she arrived she enjoyed ex-
cellent health, and wrote most cheer-
fully of her new experiences. Her in-
troduction to her new sphere ha'd deeply
impressed her with the great need
around her, and she expressed much
satisfaction in having an opportunity of
doing something to supply the need.
But she has been called to enter upon
her service through suffer-
ing. The latest report
states that it is a normal
case of typhoid, and with-
out any complications we
may confidently hope that
by this time, Sister Lily is
making a satisfactory re-
covery. Tended and
nursed by Dr. and Mrs.
Baxter in their own home,
Sister Lily has been for-
tunate in having the ut-
most care and attention.
Mr. Turner says it is the
first case of typhoid that
has occurred among the
staff in North China.
Unfortunately it is not rare among mis-
sionaries newly arriving in China, as a
person is peculiarly liable when first liv-
ing under tne new conditions. We all
extend our sincere sympathy to Sister
Lily and pray that her recovery may be
rapid and complete.
Chu Chia Hospital. A former patient
and beggar, now earning his own
living as a barber. [Dr. Baxter,

Facts from Yunnan
Tent Mission In connection with the
in Chn Chia, local fair, Rev. G. P.
Littlewood held a remark-
able five days’ tent mission at Chu Chia.
The local authorities reared a mat shed
capable of accommodating 800 people
and invited the missionary to preach.
So for five days there was almost con-
tinuous preaching, and at night the lan-
tern was displayed. Mr. Littlewood
calculates that thus he had 10,000
Another event of interest at Chu Chia
is that a son was born to Mrs. Littlewood
on December 16th. Both doing well.
Facts froip Yuppap.
By tl>e Rev. F- J. DYMOND.
THIS is Thursday evening. Since
Sunday I have received the fol-
lowing news:
1. From Mr. H. A. C. Allen, 21
years on the field, now stationed at Yun-
nan Fu.
“ Our people are greatly enheartened
by seeing God’s hand stretched out to
save. It is a day of marvellous oppor-
tunity; almost appalling to realize that
—I believe one is about correct in say-
ing—the majority of people worship no
idols now; great numbers have neither
idols, tablets, nor ancestral tablets.
What an open door is ours! ”
2. From Rev. H. Parsons.
“ Have had a fortnight among the
Ko-p’u and 'have arranged for another
month or so with them. A fresh host of
10,000 from the Hsiiin-tien Cheo side of
the main road are coming in. Books
and teachers are in great demand. Idols
are being burnt and a big movement is
in progress. We hope it will yield many
grains of pure gold.”
3. From Rev. C. N. Mylne.
“ Had a good time at Wei-ning. Spent
a night as the guest of the Mandarin.
Our preaching was listened to with
respect and without interruption.”
Only the news of a few days. But
listen to the world's missionary news!
The advance is enormous! Who cannot
hear the tramp, tramp, tramp of the bat-
talions of the King!
May we never cease to hear of men
crowding to the Christ!
[Rev. H. Parsons.
Miao Scholars.

I Ö¾ ×´

To Extinquish our Debt !
By July, 1914.
Tl?c Observatory.
JT may interest our readers to know that the
Committee for raising the Missionary Debt
fund in the London District is localising the ECHO
for six months. A different cover, and a four-
page inset, and the magazine still sold at id.
The sixteenth annual missionary demonstra-
tion will be held at Brighouse on the 17th.
Subscriptions will be gladly received by Mr. S.
J. Adie, and he will send all particulars.
The annual meeting of the Student Christian
Movement will be held at the Y.M.C.A., Tot-
tenham Court Road, London, on the 6th inst.
Further particulars from Mr. W. Paton, Annan-
dale, Golder’s Green, N.W.
Let us not imagine that this word will pass into
history for anything but good. It has been a real
word, with a magnificent connotation, for many
happy years. The controversy that has for a time
raged around the Conference held there is but a
passing phase of the tremendous religious energy
of to-day.
Some of our readers will remember Dean Stanley
in 1869, when he administered Holy Communion
to Scotch Presbyterians and English Nonconform-
ists. This was denounced, but the Church was
truer at heart than its critics. More will recall
Shanghai (1907) which is a parallel case. We are
not concerned for the ark of God: the righteous,
we will not say the charitable, view will prevail.
8 We are glad Mr. Stedeford deals with it in
his notes.
The Report of the twentieth session refers to
the celebration of the Centenary of the birth of
David Livingstone, and the desire to raise a Cen-
tenary Fund for the College of £10,000, £660
has been given, and it has been decided to con-
tinue the appeal for £10,000, that an endow-
ment may be formed,
We regret to note that Dr. Harford, who was
mainly responsible for the founding of the College
in 1893, and who has been its Principal since
that date, has intimated to the Committee that
he must resign his post in the summer of 1914.

Ap Illuipipatipg
apd Ipspiripg
IN the centenary year of the “Wes-
leyan Missionary Society ” it was
most fitting that the famous Fern-
ley Lecture should be on “ Missions.”
The lecturer was Dr. James Hope Moul-
ton, Didsbury College, Manchester.
Right royally has he discharged his
task. His book, “ Religions and Re-
ligion,” is a noble piece of workman-
ship. We do not know another Englisii
book on this great and vital question so
comprehensive, going so directly to the
root of it, and in which there is such a
deep note of conviction and so contagious
an enthusiasm. Some weeks ago Rev.
Professor James Denny, D.D., in an ap-
preciative and able review said: “ In his
Fernley Lecture Professor Moulton has
given us a much needed Tract for the
Times.” Yes; provided the word
“ Tract” is construed in its technical and
not its common meaning.
The book is divided into four sections
which at once indicate its splendid and
vital scope :—“ A Century and Its Les-
sons ” ; “ Comparative Religion and
*,*Religions and Religion.” By Dr. James Hope
Moulton. (Methodist Publishing House, 3s. 6d. Being
the Fernley Lecture for 1913.)

L 7»
Part of the great Lamasery
at Lama Miao, !Lower Mongolia.
A Review.
By ti>e Rev.
Christian Origins ” ; “ Christianity and
Other Religions ” ; and the “ Christ that
is to be.” In the treatment of each of
these several aspects of his great theme
the author, without a particle of parade,
reveals the ripest scholarship and a
wonderful range of reading. The
master-hand is everywhere seen.
In the first section Dr. Moulton treats
of many things of first-rate and central
significance. On the very threshold he
calls attention to a fact commonly
enough overlooked, and by not a fewÖ¾
boldly denied, viz., “that in the history
of Christianity it has ever been quick to
seize on the new developments in the
world around and press them into ser-
vice for its supreme purpose,” and
quotes Roman organization and the
Greek world language in proof and il-
lustration. In the second section of his
task the lecturer deals with two main
points: First, whether the results of the
science of comparative religion have
done anything to shake the general
credit of the Christian documents;
secondly, whether and how far compara-
five religion will help us to frame a
general theory of
the divers manners
in which God has
made Himself
known to man!
In the working out
of these two vital
positions he passes
under review:
Historic Christ-
Myth; Book of
Jonah; Paul’s Use
of Old Testa-
ment; the Pro-
phets of Israel;
Evolution; and
relation of Chris-
tianity to other
Religions. In the
third section in a
masterly way Dr.
Moulton deals
with: The new
[Rev. G. P. Littlewood.

An Illuminating and Inspiring Missionary Book
attitude of the Missionary; the two-
fold character of his work; the old
and effete missionary motive; the
glorious and unique work of the
B. and F. Bible Society; and'
the way in which “ Christ completes
and crowns all other religions.” In the
fourth and final section the lecturer deals
with the “ Christ that is to be.” It is
impossible in the limits necessarily im-
posed to even note the many important
questions pressed into the great argu-
ment of the Thesis of the Book—the
glorious supremacy of Christ, and the
solemn urgency there is for making
Him known to all mankind! How it
matters what men believe; the great
dynamic force of Christianity: Paul’s
plan of campaign; treatment of old
faiths ; the “ Heathen at home ”: the
Home base; and the Supreme Motive
have all their place. This is no dry-as-
dust Missionary book; it is masterly,
argumentative, easy to read, and throbs
both with passion and pathos.
The book has a distinct message to
at least three classes of readers: (1) To
the earnest Christian. No man or
woman need longer remain in doubt as
to both his duty and privilege in relation
to the world’s evangelization. (2) To
Ministers. The book is not an encyclo-
pasdia of Missions, but in many ways it
introduces the reader to the main master-
works on this great theme. This book
with W. Robertson Smith’s lectures on
“ The Religion of the Semites ” ; Dr. W.
N. Clarke’s, “ A Study of Christian Mis-
sions,” and the “Fourth volume of the
Report of the Edinburgh Conference "
will furnish him with a full equipment.
Finally it has a clear and definite mes-
sage, all the more powerful because
indirect, to Missionary Boards. In four
particulars: (i) The glorious scope of
Foreign Missions; (2) The kind and
measure of training to be given to mis-
sionaries to fit them for their great
work ; (3) The strategic line of policy to
be pursued ; (4) The throbbing urgency
of the whole great question.
To the thoughtful and earnest of our
own church, in view of tasks we have
before us this year to raise ;£25,000 to
wipe out our Missionary Debt. I would
ask them to consider Professor Moul-
ton’s appeal to the Wesleyan Church to■
raise in future, beginning with this cen-
tenary year two-thirds of a million
sterling, or twenty-six shillings per
member per year. The Society of
Friends contributes thirty shillings per
member. In this there is much to both
humble and inspire us as a Church.
Idols in Temple just behind Wenchow College. [IV. H. Butler, Esq., J.P.
“ Such is the gospel of Buddha, a gospel without Ood, and whose only hope
lies in the cessation of consciousness.”—(Soothill. "A Mission in China.”)

I/,׳' n
(/’ n\uf/ifude e
C, on tJ\en\ Ancf
gk Aeafecf lAevy
\ SXey ^8
yfarf orv whole
f neecff\o? &
6ut tfey ifotA
j^arc1 57^^S
■ uww»־?rgy mu—I״ iinn^'.'t!

A Hospital Patiept wl>o becaipe
a Supday School Teacher.
By Dr.
THE evening before I left Wenchow
the Sunday School teachers came
to my house and very kindly gave
me a photo of themselvesÖ¾ with their
names inscribed below.
Among them was Lui-Rivai-loa, who
was one of the first to offer to take a
class. While I was talking with the other
teachers, he came up and presented a
soapstone ornament which he begged
me to accept as a token of gratitude “ for
having saved his body and his soul.” I
replied that I did not remember ever
doing anything for him as I
only knew his face during the
time the Sunday School had been
in operation. “You saved my
life five years ago,” he said,
“when I came to the hospital
with a big tumour on my back
which was constantly bleeding,”
and he took off his coat and
showed the scar.
Very often I remember an ail-
ment or operation, but quite for-
get the face of the patient; in
this case the tumour was vividly
impressed on my mind, and I
said, “ Are you indeed that man ?
I am so glad to know.”
When he came to the hospital
five years ago he was typical of
many of his country men. His
home was in Nyoh-tsing, about
twenty miles from the city, and
here the Chinese doctors' had
burnt holes in the tumour with
the result that serious haemorr-
hage had occurred, so that he was
in a pitiful condition, covered
with blood which he had vainly
endeavoured to staunch, and his
face pale from the losses that had
occurred. The operation was
impressed on my memory as the
haemorrhage was unusually severe
and difficult to control. The convales-
cence was uneventful, and when the
patient left for his home in the country
he was given a New Testament, and up
to the time of leaving I thought I had
not seen him since.
In the meanwhile he had become a
believer (he knew nothing of the Gospel
when he entered the hospital) and about
a year after the operation removed to
the city and as before mentioned be-
came a teacher when the Sunday School
was started.
Mr. Li (on left), his
brother, and son. [Photo: Rev. T. M. Oauge.
*,Mr. Li is chief assistant at Wenchow Hospital,
and superintendent of the Sunday School."

Tlje Call for Medical
Missionaries, ai?d Nurses.
The utility and necessity of medical
missions have become so apparent that
there is an increasing demand for quali-
hed medical workers, who are willing to
consecrate their lives and abilities to the
service of humanity for Christ’s sake in
distant lands. While there is in most
parts of our country an overplus of pro-
fessional medical men, there is in the
most populated and needy parts of the
world a crying call for their services.
Not only is the work of the Christian
physician coming to be appreciated, but
the call for Christian nurses increases
also, for the nurse is now inseparably
associated with the work of the doctor.
While the doctor goes from house to
house and from patient to patient, the
nurse follows up his work, and it is well-
known that the execution of the orders
of the physician cannot be safely left to
untrained and unintelligent hands.
There is no occasion to draw any in-
vidious comparisons between the work
of the physician and that of the nurse.
Their spheres of labour are sufficiently
distinct, and there need be no misunder-
standing or any occasion for ill-feeling
of any kind; and these things do not
exist amongst nurses or doctors who are
trained in the ethics of their professions,
and are willing to abide by the dictates
of good usage and common sense.
The work of the nurse has to do very
largely with the details of the medical
profession. She is not only a helper,
but a teacher of the common people;
she is a companion of mothers, a teacher
of children, a handmaid of the Gospel.
In the midst of the darkness and ignor-
ance which prevail in all unenlightened
countries the Christian nurse is qualified
to shed a bright and beneficent light
upon the pathways which lie in the dark
valleys of ignorance and superstition.
It requires no prophetic gift to predict
that in the near future the value set
upon the work of the Christian nurse on
the mission field will Come to its proper
proportions; this is indicated by the
numerous and pressing calls that are
coming for such workers from every part
of the mission field. There should be
hundreds of young people preparing
themselves to enter upon this service.
—From “ The Medical Missionary'.'
Where yet the hosts of winter dwell,
Grim warriors of tyrant king,
A little silver sentinel
Keeps, still, the gates of spring ;
One who shall lead her armies forth,
Charging and conquering one by one,
To gain, east, west, and south and north,
The snow-lands for the sun.
So seems, where gloom and storm keep tryst.
Yet light grows up and night grows old,
The firstling of the flock of Christ
Born in an alien fold.
The icy citadels and towers
Tremble and crumble, crest on crest,
Because that first of all the flowers
Is earnest of the rest.
O ye who till that frozen sod
In faith—who speak where no man hears—
Rejoice ! the flower of grace and God,
Whiter than snow, appears.
His spring returns—who knoweth how ?
From wintry lands of dearth and dole
Surely the gardener gathers now
A snowdrop of the soul !
S. Gertrude Ford.
Double snowdrops.
Favoured by E. O. Greening, Esq..
Editor of the Agri. Econ. and Hort Review.

Cbristiap Missions By tbc Rev.
apd Hoipc Ctyurclj. william barnes.
'HERE is a consensus of opinion,
throughout the civilized world, as
to the need, the utility, and the
value of missions. The only criticism
there has been, or is, relates to the
methods of mission work. Lafcadio
Hearn, who lived in Japan for several
years, and was a tutor at the University,
said that the methods of missionaries in
China and Japan to destroy ancestor
worship would weaken the worshipping
instinct of the soul, and do much harm.
In this he was entirely wrong; and
certainly no such statement could be
made to-day. Missionaries are turning
all that is true and beautiful in Budd-
hism and Confucianism to good spiritual
account, and are leading the people
through the defects of these systems to
the Lamb of God, who taketh away the
sin in the world. The modern question,
as to whether the Pauline methods of
propaganda are better suited to mission
work than present methods, is interest-
ing, and worth considering, but it does
not arise from any sense of failure.
These are the most glorious days in the
history of Missions ; yet strange to say
they are the days of diminished mis-
sionary enthusiasm, embarrassed funds,
and of arrested enterprise. There are
open doors which cannot be entered,
and new worlds which cannot be con-
quered for Christ, through lack of funds.
One excuse for this indifference is that
more attention is now given to Home
Missions, and the social betterment of
the people, in our own land; and that
on this, the church must concentrate.
This idea is not only contrary to the
spirit and purpose of Christianity, but
disastrous to the Home Churches. The
most prosperous times in the history of
the Church were those of the deepest
faith in, and the greatest sacrifice for,
foreign missions. The most powerful
and successful Churches now are those
of the greatest zeal and gifts for the sal-
vation of the world. An increase of
missionary activity and passion, would
probably arrest the decline in the
Home Churches, and be their salvation.
(1.) Missionary enthusiasm prevents a
mere parochial view of Christianity.
This narrow idea is easy, but false.
Christianity is not only for the city, and
the community, but for the race. It is
as broad as the blue sky above, as ex-
tensive as the atmosphere, as all-pervad-
ing as the light. We must not only
think imperially, but universally. It
was by ignoring ecclesiastical boun-
daries, and realizing that “ The world
is my parish,“ that John Wesley kept
the universal purpose and destiny of
Christianity dominant in his mind.
When people think only of their Church
and denomination they cease to realize,
that the kingdoms of this world are to
become the Kingdom of our God', and
His Christ. This parochial idea and
spirit are at the root of much of the in-
difference to, and neglect of, Foreign
Missions. The way to prevent such
paralysing notions of the Gospel, is to
pray, work, and give for the salvation of
the world: service and sacrifice for Mis-
sionary enterprise, not only captivate
the soul, with a vision of redeemed
humanity, but inflame our zeal for the
success of the Home Churches, and for
the salvation of the heathen in our own
(2.) Attention to Foreign Missions
keeps alive in our hearts the doctrine oÖ¾fÖ¾
the oneness and brotherhood of the
human race.
Nothing was more plainly taught
by Christ than the Fatherhood of
God, and the brotherhood of man;
which most people theoretically ac-
cept. Nobody denies that “ God hath
made of one blood all nations of men for
to dwell on all the face of the earth.”
Still, in the battle of life, in its fierce and
selfish competition, and its greed of
power and possessions, this divine truth
has been outraged, and trampled under
foot of men. The huge armaments and
devastating wars of the world show how
terribly and ruthlessly the brotherhood
of man has been violated. To-day the
nations are using their highest inventive
genius, and draining the financial re-
sources of the people to produce the
most deadly and destructive instruments
of war. With an almost fiendish pas-
sion, men use these war machines for

Advance, Lopdop !
Issued by tl>c Committee for tl>e raising of at
least £1,250 for the MISSIONS DEBT FUND.
To tlje Cburcbes of tlje
Lopdop District.
A Message frorp the Cbairn?ap of tbc District.
Doubtless nearly every Church officer In our London District could truly;say that
our burdens are more than we can bear, owing to our heavy liabilities and heavy
cost of living. Yet we must remember that in spite of our comparative poverty
“ there is that scattereth, and yet Increaseth; and there is that withholdeth more
than is meet, and it tendeth to poverty.” We must make a little more self-sacri-
fice to help the great Mission work for our Brethren across the Seas ! London
must not be behind I !
A Message frdip tl>e Secretary of tl?e District.
I am most anxious about three things :—
1. That we may make this Missionary Debt Campaign in the London
District a complete success. £2,000 would not be more than our
large obligations in the past cry upon us to contribute.
2. Either a large decrease in the table of annual demands for Grants for
the District, or a large increase in the number of Churches, and
of earnest work carried out upon a not larger total sum.
3. A continual increase in the normal contribution from the District for both
Home and Foreign Missions.
And I pray—I think we shall not pray without success—that the beginnings of
these desirable things will be seen in the present campaign.

6 Advance, London !
Why ?
IT may be that some amongst our
10,000 members are asking why we
should be called to this extra task!
Not in a spirit of aloofness, or in
the sense of its not being our own
cause; but honestly wondering why we
are so like other societies, in allowing
a debt to accumulate. With all due
respect for, and sympathy with such a
feeling, we think a few moments will
suffice to remove objections and turn
apathy into earnestness.
1. We have helped to cause the
debt! Not personally, of course, but
as a district. This we showed last
month by unmistakable figures, and we
shall not further labour the point. In a
sense we view the matter with satisfac-
tion, for the money thus received in
grants has kept us from stagnation and
comparative failure in the needy metro-
polis. This being so our obligation is
the greater. Further, we have helped to
cause the debt by our insistence in hymn
and prayer and toil that the world should
be missioned. We have prayed against
closed doors, and they are open: we
have sung of Christ’s conquests and de-
sired them: and it is our success, not
our indolence, which has caused our em-
barrassment. Surely we shall rejoice in
meeting the bill involved.
Again, we have caused it by not mak-
ing our circuit contributions—year by
2. We are always in debt to the
world. What is now deficient in our ex-
chequer has been spent to make London
better, and the world purer—and we,
consciously and unconsciously, are reap-
ing the benefit. Our civilization, our
commerce, our relationships, all reveal a
debt—understanding which we cannot
help but discharge it.
3. We are always in ׳ debt to the
Church. This debt we can never repay
—but we may try, and the trying will be
a benediction. The Bible, the books it
has called forth, the Sunday School,
Temperance, Fellowship, Burden-bear-
ing—all these are built into the life of
the Church of Jesus Christ. When we
are convinced of this, we must pay to
the utmost of our power. St. Paul was
a “ tell-me-anything-more-to-do-and-I-
zt'ill-do-d-Pharisee! ”
4. Because it hampers our operations
both at home and abroad. The debt
has crept up, not because of Union, but
through the widened sphere Union gave
us. And with a crippling debt the two
committees concerned can neither ade-
quately maintain the present work nor
respond to the clamant calls for exten-
5. Thus we can say decisively, it will
advance that cause for which all our
readers are toiling and praying. We
took Christ “ for better for worse.” Dare
we say this is a bit of the worse ? It is
a tax, but a voluntary one: it is a debt,
but a debt of honour : it is an obligation
which if fulfilled will flood the life with
light and thankfulness. We shall pass
through the valley of weeping to the
mountain of rejoicing. Only those who
share the burden will receive the re-
“ It־ is not life to rise and sing and play,
Wasting the hours God lends us day by
day :
It is not life to take and never give,
For he that gives the most, the most doth
live :
We cannot judge mankind by creed or
So, like the vine, we judge by what they
bear :
I had not known what life could be,
Had I not known adversity.”
J. E. S.
Ai? Appeal fron? tlje J־erei£i?
We confidently expect the London
District will fulfil its resolution to raise
at least £1,250 toward the £25,000 re-
quired before next Conference to re-
move completely our missionary debts.
Proportionately to membership, this is
not more than other Districts are doing,
and some Districts will exceed it. Man-
Chester District has already paid £1,250
as its first instalment of the £2,000 it in-
tends to raise. Loyalty to our de-
nomination’s best interests and loyalty
of church to church demands that all
shall share equally in the sacrifice and
effort to required to complete the enter-
prise. Who can be deaf to the appeal ?
Who can disregard this urgent call to
lift this burden from our Missions? The
arm of the Lord is not shortened, and
He can enable us to do valiantly.

Advance, London !
Awake, awake, put on thy strength, O
Zion.” Instant action and instant
response will swell the sound of triumph
and send a thrill of joy to the farthest
fields of missionary toil.
C. Stedeford.
The Secretaries’ Monthly
It is not easy to report how much pro-
gress has been made toward realizing
the sum of money for which the London
district is responsible. From many cir-
cuits loyal communications have been
received showing that no efforts will be
spared to honourably meet the Con-
nexional obligation.
There are many pleas of pressing
financial burdens, and it is pathetic to
read how in certain quarters the struggle
for existence is fierce and long con-
tinued. With our brethren in such
localities our sympathies are sincere and
constant. Perhaps it may be possible,
however, to enlist the support o.f the
general public in a missionary exhibi-
tion or demonstration-lecture. . When
the “ Orient ” Exhibition was held in
London, all sections of the Christian
Church thronged to the Hall: for a wide
appeal is possible on behalf of Christian
Missions. If this idea commends itself
to any of our circuits, the secretaries
will gladly render any possible assist-
The first local exhibition will be held
in Walthamstow. The Shernhall Insti-
tute is to be handed over for decoration
purposes to Messrs. Womersley, of
Leeds; and on Thursday, February
26th, a three-days’ exhibition and
.bazaar will be opened. All the signs
encourage one in the hope that the
amount aimed at will be secured. Visi-
tors from other churches will be heartily
welcomed. The list of lecturers and
speakers on Missionary work should
guarantee fine educational work being
There has been no response from one
or two of our larger circuits in the Disâ– 
trict. We believe that some plans are
being discussed there, but no news has
come to hand at the time of going to
press. It will greatly inspire both the
officials and some of the smaller circuits
if good reports can be published from
these leading churches. The table of
averages published this month will serve
to show how heavy the burden must be
on some weak centres ; therefore it will
be necessary for some circuits to raise
more, than the average.
In this connection may we say a word
to the wealthy laymen of our District ?
They will doubtless be appealed to from
headquarters for help which will be re-
corded on the special Conference pro-
mise list. It is only fair to state that
the sum fixed for the London District
was decided upon before the last Con-
ference, and it is quite certain that it
will not be reached if those who are best
a.ble to give, send all their gifts to a fund
apart from the District effort. It is
true that the Connexional result will be
the same. But London will stand as a
defaulter. It is not for us (or any of-
ficial) to say how men should allocate
their contributions; but the London
District will raise more than its £1,250,
if rich and poor alike unite in this great
James Ellis,
Fred Barrett.
3, Avon Road. Walthamstow.
152, Windsor Road, Forest Gate.

See Thermometer (p. 31) which shows that the amount paid in during Dec. was £1,672.

Tlje Circuits of tlje Lopdop District:
Members. The Ideal. The Promise. Remarks.
£ £
203. N ewington 170 30
204. Lambeth 238 40
205. Hackney 1,098 160
206. Woodford 24 50
207. Limehouse Included in 210
Pimlico and Westminster Included in 214
208. Bermondsey 375 60
209. Forest Hill and Dulwich 469 75
210. Poplar and Bow . . 279 45
211. Forest Gate 1,805 300 150 Missionary Bazaar.
212. Walthamstow ... 740 125 150 Missionary Bazaar.
213. Brix.ton ... 990 160 100
214. Fulham ... 332 50
215. Willesden 350 50
216. Lee 371 60 Hither Green. Grant of
/TO from Bazaar.
217. Thornton Heath 280 40 30
219. Chatham, Gillingham and
Rochester 627 100
220. Faversham 133 20
221. Sittingbourne ... 134 20
222. Elhanr ... 64 10
223. Ashford ... 147 25
224. Hastings 49 5
225. Oxford ... 330 50
226. Sevenoaks 80 15
227. Walton and Felixstowe 96 15 10

Christian Missions and the Home Churches
the wholesale slaughter of each other,
denying, through awful carnage, the
brotherhood of man. War embitters
human relationships, intensifies human
hatreds, and delays the realization of the
divine truth, “ that men should brothers
be the wide world o’er.” On the other
hand nothing so deepens and extends
the fact and feeling of the oneness of
mankind among the nations as mission-
ary work. The Cross of Christ unites
people of all nationalities and will even-
tually make human
brotherhood a
glorious reality. No
party or movement
is doing anything
comparable with mis-
sionaries to establish
peace on earth, and
good will toward men.
While prophets are
dreaming, poets sing-
ing, and social re-
formers talking of the
millennium, mission-
aries are working for
it, and hastening its
accomplishment. No-
thing feeds the soul’s
love of mankind and
creates a passion for
the salvation of the
world like sympathy
with, and prayer and
self-denial for,
Foreign Missions. We
should remember the
words of J. R.
“And he’s a slave
most base,
Whose love o f
right, is for him-
And' not for all the
(3) Interest in Mis-
sions is of the ut-
most importance to
the children and the
young people of our
Churches. It is of
vital moment to our
young people and to
the future of our
Churches that they
should realize that

>)<< ׳
>S> 8> the death of Christ was for the sal-
vation of all mankind, and that
His purpose will not be accomplished
until the world is won for Him.
“ The world for Christ ” is a splendid
young people’s motto, and should be
woven into the enthusiasm of their souls.
It cannot be too early, nor too deeply
impressed upon the minds of the young,
that the main duty and the supreme
object of the Church is to establish the
universal reign of Christ. The realiza-
A Christmas Card.
Malaika Akawambia, Msiehe,
kwani mimi hapa nnawahubirini
habari nzuri ya furaha nyingi
zitakazokuwa ni za wenyeli wote ;
kwani leo amezaliwa kwa ajili
yenu katika mji wa Daudi,
Mwokozi, nae ni Masihi Bwana.”
Luke II ; 10. 11.
,it’/tee- /ttttc ■ t^LceSjCchuicc tS$cai-c/t'C
1913, â– mcc Itiicclitmcccuc tuct/t.ct/e
jficilcc/icc /ilt-4t.tlCC MinO /ICC /t-Cc/cC let! ClliCC
/iccH/tcc t>MeaccAcc

IStoana na 56tbt tKtfrjr Bassett.
Printed at
Received by the Editor, and many other friends.
(Reproduced in facsimile.)

Moody Bible Institute
tion of this would fascinate their
imagination, stir the fire and forces of
their souls, and deepen their interest in
their own Church. We have exhausted
our minds to find institutions and amuse-
ments, to keep the young in our Sunday
Schools and Churches. Billiard-rooms,
smoke-rooms, and other pleasures have
been provided; yet we have not kept
them. Social pleasures have their uses,
and we bring no railing accusation
against them, but they cannot, and do
not, keep young people interested in the
spiritual work of the Churches. The.
one thing which probably would make
them useful in our Churches we have
overlooked■—the cultivation of a passion
for Foreign Missions. We suggest to
Sunday Schools, and C.E. societies that
the best way to keep young people, and
to render them a great power in our
churches is to get their souls permeated
with missionary zeal. Enthusiasm for
Missions abroad would make them a
mighty driving power in the Home
Churches. It will be a great day for
our Churches when young men and
women sing with full purpose of heart—
“ Christ for the world we sing,
The world to Christ we bring,
With loving zeal;
The poor, and them that mourn,
The faint and over-bome,
Sin-sick, and sorrow-worn,
Whom Christ doth heal.”

Tlje Moody Bible Ipstitate.
Mr. J. Charleton Steen, who was for-
merly associated with the Central London
Y.M.C.A., is now at work in connection with
the Moody Bible Institute, on whose behalf
an office has been opened at 52, Queen
Victoria Street. This has been necessary be-
cause of the large number of students who
constantly apply from the British Isles for ad-
mission to the Institute. Mr. Steen will hold
Bible and evangelistic meetings in different
parts of the country, and in this way come in
touch with those interested in the Institute.
Altogether a thousand students from the
British Isles have gone through the Institute
and have been trained for various forms of
Christian work. Mr. Steen has recently re-
turned from a visit to the Institute in Chicago
and studied the work on the spot. He is
therefore able to give the necessary inform a-
tion to student applicants and to others in-
terested in the work.
“The idea of the Institute is primarily a
missionary one,” says Mr. Steen, “We are
looking out upon the need of the World and
we see that there are thousands of Christian
young men and women who could be quali-
fied to take part in meeting the religious
needs of the world if the means were provided
for them. The trustees of the institute con-
sider that it would be wrong to keep back
any approved candidate, even for a time, by
placing his name on a waiting list. In other
tvords the Institute never refuses an applica-
lion for want of means or on account of the
necessary provision. They either rent new
buildings or erect them at their own charges,
feeling assured that if men and women are
eager for training, God will send the means
to provide for the emergency.” (See also p.
231, October, 1913.)
Mr. J. C. Steen.

Gravelly Hill.
JUST where the Crocodile River
opens its wide mouth as though
it would devour the Caribbean
Sea, there is a broad, steaming
plain, on which all that is beautiful
seems to have dropped from nature’s
lavish hand. The verdure wears a
glorious tropical sheen, whether seen in
the metallic lustre of the sun by day, or
in the softer witchery of the moon
by night. Here, the adventurous
planter hastens
to be rich;
here, alas! he
hastens to die.
The serpent
raises his
vicious head
even in the
open places of
this Eden, and
creates a mias-
ma deadlier
than that of
the mangrove
swamps which
cut off the City
of the Plain
from the
healthful lave
of the azure
sea. But
squalid native
huts and
p 1 a n t e r s’
houses are
alike e m-
bowered in
luxuriant vege-
tation, and
above all there
rises a heaven-
ward - pointing
steeple s u r-
mounted by a cross.
On the opposite side of the river, in
striking contrast to this fertile plain, is
the bold, bald headland of Gravelly
Hill, from the summit of which the
river’s course can be traced, wriggling,
like some serpentine monster, about the
feet of towering mountains, until its
tapering tail is lost in the distant
hills. Gravelly Hill seems to have been
1blasted at its volcanic birth. Only
Rev. Richard R. Abercrombie.
A late Superintendent, of fragrant memory. Born
1839, died in Jamaica, August 30th, 1897, after only
two years’ service there.
A West Indian Story.
where fissures in the rock have filled up
with shallow soil is vegetation to be
seen; elsewhere, huge boulders are
strewn in wild confusion. The old
Hill-dwellers were steeped in supersti-
tion, suspicious of one another, mhos-
pitable to strangers; and they always
managed to keep out of the main cur-
rent of the Island life.
At the Mission Station in the City of
the Plain lived the Rev. John Con-
quest, whose''
wistful gaze,
was often
turned across
the wide-
spreading river
to the hill be-
yond. Dare he
attempt to take
that impreg-
nable - looking
position in the
name of his
King? That
challenge was
constantly pre-
senting itself
to him. Was
he able to ac-
cept it?
On the land-
ward side of
Gravelly Hill,
where it gently
slopes towards
the interior,
lived one
Michael Me-
P h a i 1, a
coloured man
of Irish des-
cent, and the
largest land-
owner in the district. He frequent-
ly boasted of his white ancestors,
but neither in the colour of his
skin, nor in the disposition of his life,
could any evidence of them be found.
His ideas of religion were as mixed
with superstition as those of the people
among whom he lived, though he was
occasionally blessed with a flash of
spiritual insight, as Providence granted
to him a glimpse into the faith of his

Gravelly Hill
forbears; but the subsequent darkness
seemed the denser because of these
moments of illumination.
Michael’s busher, Silas Stone, lived
with him, and they often squatted to-
gether as their evening meal was cook-
mg, and speculated on the chances of a
missionary coming to Gravelly Hill.
Their thoughts at such times were
naturally turned to the City of the
Plain, where the nearest missionary
lived. Michael had a presentiment
that John Conquest might establish a
preaching station on Gravelly Hill, but
no communication ever passed between
them. One night, however, after con-
versing with Silas on the subject, there
came to Michael what he regarded as a
favourable omen. He dreamt that he
saw a white man in a church in tfhe atti-
tude of prayer. For a long time, as it
seemed to Michael, the man’s features
betrayed unutterable anguish, but he
ultimately gained the power of speech
for which he had agonized, and Michael
caught a few significant words of his
petition: “ Hill . . . neglected . . . dark-
ness . . . Gospel . . . light . . . lost . . .
Saviour.” There the dream abruptly
Next night, Michael and his busher
took up their usual position during the
cooking of their meal, and Michael con-
tided to Silas his dream, and demanded
from him the interpretation thereof.
“’Terpretation! ” replied Silas, “dat
dream need no ’terpretation, sah! it
'terpret itsel’ like.”
Michael nodded assent, but insisted
on knowing exactly what Silas thought
of it.
“ Dat dream, Massa Michael," con-
tinued Silas, “jus’ mean dis—what we
t’ink de Great Massa mean te do, dat
Him now do ; Him gib te we one white
teacher: de Voice Massa hear no voice
ob buckra (white man) ; it de Voice ob
de buckra’s God! It tell him we people
like dem dat travel by night, an’ dat we
lost on lone mountains, seein’ no way
yed (ahead) yah (see)? an’ dat him
neglec’ no longer, but bring lamp te
find, an’ light de way fe we.”
“Why, Silas,” exclaimed Michael,
“ ye be nearly wise as Massa McPhail:
dat de bery ’terpretation me put ’pon
.same mesel’. Now, what fe do ? ”
“ Do ? ” repeated Silas. “ Me know
what me do ; me do nothin’! Me jus’
wait, Massa ; dats arl; jus’ wait.” .
“ No, no; me no wait,” declared
Michael, emphatically. “ Dis dream no■
come te teach we wait; we wait long
’nough: me say do somet’in’: now,
Silas, what fe do ? ”
“ Well, Massa, me know what me do,
me jus’ sit still so,” said Silas, fixing
himself to the place where he sat, as a
statue might be fixed on a permanent
pedestal. “ But what you do, Massa? ”
he asked pointedly, turning to Michael.
Michael’s confidence wavered. A
dark shadow of superstition passed over
his face. “ Me t’ink,” he said, “ dat me
do jus’ dat same t’ing. After arl, me no
sure wheder dis dream not ob de
debble! him cunnin’ now, habin’ much
experience ob we! ”
The change in Michael immediately
produced an effect upon Silas. In spite
of his determination to sit still, Silas be-
came fidgety, frequently stood up, and
walked round the fire. Michael also
seemed terrified. Neither spoke, but
they peered into the darkness now and
then, as though apprehensive that some
common enemy was lurking there, only
waiting for an unguarded moment to
pounce upon them.
Michael was the first to regain a
measure of composure, and expressed
the view that it would be better to take
the Hill people into their confidence
before communicating with the white
missionary in the City of the Plain.
Silas agreed, and they arranged to go
together to the rendezvous of Gravelly
Hill folk, where they had assembled
each week, from time immemorial, to
air their views and try to settle their
differences. This was on an overhang-
ing cliff, which jutted out from the main
face of the headland, and tapered off
at the edge to a few feet in thickness.
At such a place, some were tempted to
settle their differences by other means
than those of debate. When a mem-
ber of the Hill community mysteri-
ously disappeared, heads were nodded
significantly in the direction of the cliff.
At heart, Michael felt that the sub-
ject was too urgent to wait even until the
next day of meeting. He showed his
restlessness, in the meantime, by find-

Gravelly Hill
ing his way each morning to a
point which commanded a view of
the river, and gazing wistfully to the
City beyond.
It was a lovely morning on which
Michael and Silas set out together from
their huts on the lower slopes for the
meeting place. Fresh vistas of beauty
opened up as they ascended. One turn
in the winding road revealed a lowland
landscape with the green-gold pennons
of the sugar cane drooping lazily in the
still, hot air; another, and the distant
mountains were seen, their precipitate
sides terraced and planted by the dar-
mg cultivator, and their summits aspir-
ing to kiss the sunlit heavens ; while the
crossing of a shoulder of the hill brought
a dazzling seascape into view as
abruptly as the change of scene at a
panorama. There was the palm-
fringed shore, with the roots of the
coco-nut wallowing gratefully in the
briny backwaters ; there the mysterious
sea, stretching like an awful flood of
heaving molten lava into the vastitudes
of the unknown; there, above and
around them all, the blazing vault of
the sapphire sky. What a setting for
the bickerings and dark designs of the
people of Gravelly Hill!
Many had already assembled by the
time Michael and Silas reached the
cliff. They stood or squatted in
groups, some speculating as to the ques-
tion Michael had to propose for debate.
When Michael and Silas arrived, there
was a general movement towards a
large, flat-topped stone, which furnished
a natural platform for the orator.
“ I have come to confer with you,”
Michael began, speaking in good Eng-
lish, as many negroes do on public oc-
casions, “ about a matter that affects us
all.” A brief pause. “ It has to do,”
he continued, turning dramatically in
the direction of the City of the Plain,
“ with that Church.” The audience
wheeled round together, as though
Michael’s arm was a magician’s wand,

Montego Bay, St. James. [Photo: James Johnston, Esq., M.D., Jamaica.

“ The Modern Missionary Crisis ”
and faced the direction in which he
pointed. Their eyes fell on the brazen
cross at the top of the steeple. It was
ablaze with the light of the tropical sun.
Though so near, the City of the Plain
was little known to the people of
Gravelly Hill—as little as Gravelly Hill
was known to the citizens of the Plain.
But many had seen the Cross on pre-
vious occasions, yet none had asked its
meaning before. Michael, however,
had aroused a spirit of enquiry. What
was the Church there for? For what
did the Cross stand? Michael pro-
ceeded to recount his dream, and ven-
tured to express the hope that Silas’s
interpretation of it might prove true.
His own cherished desire thereby
escaped from him before he fully
realized its significance. He continued
to stand on the stone, as thought lost in
thought. An ominous silence fell on
all around. For some time, no one
spoke; then a tall, gaunt negro, who
had lain on the ground, seemingly in-
different to what had been going on,
stood up, moved towards Michael, and
mounted the stone. Michael vacated it
as he did so.
“ What Massa McPhail say,” Jim
Fearless began, “ be no good: sich
t’ing neber hear in de history ob dis
people. We satisfy widout any City
ob de Plain people cornin’ te we. Our
faders lib here; we lib here; let our
childer lib here! Let dis people say
wid one voice, * No, Massa McPhail,
we no want buckra te come from de
City, neider,’ ” he added defiantly, “ ‘ de
buckra’s God! ’ ”
No one else would dare thus openly
to oppose Michael’s wish. But Fear-
less was not less influential than
Michael himself; for while Michael, the
landowner, could bring deprivation
upon the people in ways they perfectly
understood, they believed that Fearless
was in league with evil spirits, of which
Michael stood in mortal dread not less
than the others. Michael instinctively
knew that the people had decided
against him, and the gathering
gradually and silently dispersed.
(To be continued.)
“Tlje Modcrp
Missionary Crisis.”*
A Review.
By tl>e Rev.
THIS volume constitutes the fif-
teenth “ Hartley Lecture,” and is
from the pen of the Rev. James
Pickett, who for some years sustained
the office of Missionary Secretary in the
Primitive Methodist denomination. Jt
may therefore -claim to represent the
views of one possessing special know-
ledge and feeling more than ordinary
interest in the subject with which he
deals, and, as a matter of fact, the book
is one which will well repay attentive
perusal and suggest serious thought.
The title may appear somewhat omin-
ous, as if implying that we have reached
a point in missionary enterprise at which
same alarming dilemma has to be faced.
But though a situation is depicted which
certainly calls for anxious consideration,
no pessimistic note is really struck and
*By James Pickett. (W. A. Hammond, Primitive Metho-
dist Publishing House.)
every encouraging feature of the case
is duly emphasised.
The book is divided into three main
sections, dealing respectively with the
crisis itself, its challenge, and its conse-
quepeps. In the first section, after sum-
marising ‘the constituents of the crisis,
a review of the present position of af-
fairs in China, Japan, India and Africa,
with a glance at other lands, is given.
The “ unchanging East” is shown to be
unchanging no longer, but to be fast
awakening to new lines of thought, and
to be assimilating Western ideas in a
fashion not always favourable to the
reception of the Christian faith. In
Japan, for instance, Mr. Pickett points
out the fact that a stream of agnosticism
fed by an eager study of the writings
of prominent European sceptics, has for
years been setting in. Though there is
a growing discontent towards the anci-

“The Modern Missionary Crisis”
ent faiths, yet in a land where religious
teaching is excluded from school and
home, there is a danger that the people
may “ build up for themselves a system
of ethics in which there is no room for
God.” As to India, while it is stated
that the relaxation of caste, the strong
cry for education, and the recent up-
lifting of womanhood, may all be re-
garded as encouraging signs, yet the
warning words of Dr. Duff are very ap-
propriately quoted, that “ if in India
you give the people knowledge without
religion, rest assured that it is the great-
est blunder that ever was committed.”
In pointing out the position in Africa,
great stress is laid upon toe special
menace presented by Mohammedanism
in the “ dark continent.” In several
parts, indeed, of the book before us,
the character and influence of Islam,
both in Africa and in India, is enlarged
upon, and shown unquestionably to be
one of the gravest obstacles to the ac-
ceptance of Christianity. This arises
from Islam being itself a “ missionary"
religion, unprogressive in thought, but
ever progressive in its propaganda, with
a low standard of morality, and a fierce-
ly intolerant spirit towards other faiths.
Its rapid advances from Egypt and the
Sudan into Nigeria and the Gold Coast
have almost threatened the extinction of
the Christian communities in West
Africa, while the percentage of truth in
its doctrines makes its hostility all the
more formidable.
The second section of Mr. Pickett’s
book, entitled “ The Challenge of the
Crisis,” deals with certain wise methods
of procedure which would undoubtedly
clear the way toward success. Among
the most important of these may be
reckoned the study of other religions,
the new apprehension of obstacles, and
the training of native teachers. It is
worse than useless to come to the hasty
conclusion that all religions except
Christianity are absolutely useless and
absolutely false. To treat simply with
ridicule or contempt the teachings of
Confucius or Buddha, or the contents
of the Koran or the Vedas, is to preju-
dice at once the claims of Christianity,
and to awaken an opposition that will
be exceedingly difficult to quell. There
need be no attempt to “ pare down the
Gospel,” or to set aside its supreme
authority to be the world’s one hope of
salvation, but the votaries of an alien
faith will only listen with patience
to a Christian teacher when he is
prepared to admit all that is good
and true in their own system, as
well as to point out the radical de-
ficiencies which they exhibit. Among
the “ obstacles ” which the writer in-
sists should be clearly understood, be-
sides such well-known hindrances as
drink, opium, and the low morals of
many European residents, the cultured
antagonism of certain native races calls
for special consideration. India and
Japan, for instance, have their Young
Men’s Hindu Associations, worked on
the same lines as our own Y.M.C.A.’s,
but for the express purpose of vili-
fying and undermining the Chris-
tian faith. In Upper Egypt, like-
wise, the British Government ap-
pears to have shown an unfair
partiality towards Moslem views and
prejudices, especially with regard to
the administration of the Gordon Col-
lege at Khartoum, and has thus been
creating an impression upon the native
that his best way to social advancement
lies in the embracing of Islam and the
rejection of the Gospel. The writer
wisely lays a stroug emphasis on the
training of native teachers on all mission
fields—teachers whose capacity shall
be thorough and not superficial, with
the ultimate view that every mission
shall be not only self-supporting, but
self-governing and self-propagatingalso.
The more precise allotment of fields
and forces, the definite occupation of
unfilled areas, and the perfecting of
home administration, are also made the
subjects of thoughtful remark.
What should be the consequences to
church work when the Missionary Crisis
is conceded to exist ? This is the ques-
tion dealt with in the third and last
section of the volume before us. The
raising of the tone of the Home
Churches, the thorough mobilization
of forces and utilization of all re-
sources at command, are points
brought under careful review. The
special importance is likewise con-
sidered of the dissemination of mis-
sionary literature at ׳home of an “in-

The Work of Our Women’s Auxiliary
forming” character, and providing the
fields abroad with ably written apolo-
getics, as well as careful and accurate
translations of Scripture into the
vernacular tongues.
Altogether, we may say that Mr.
Pickett’s contribution to this important
tonic is one of distinct value and inter-
est, written in a clear and forcible style,
and well worthy of the practical con-
sideration of all Churches represented
in the Mission field.
HE following letters, from Miss
Turner and Miss Lettie Squire,
B.A., have been received by Mrs.
Miss Turner:
“ You will be grieved to know that we
have Miss Armitt down with typhoid.
This is the tenth day, I think, for she
began to be really ill just a fortnight
after her arrival at Chu Chia, though
she had a bad cold previous to that.
Dr. Baxter says it was probably con-
tracted in Tientsin or even earlier than
that as it is long in developing. We
have brought her across to the doctor’s
house, and Mrs. Baxter, who is a hos-
pital-trained nurse does the lion’s share
of the nursing, and I give what help I
can. So far, it is a normal case and we
are hoping for the best. The doctor
fears lest we should have any complica-
tions to battle against. The girls are
holding little prayer meetings in their
rooms at odd moments and all our
people are muohâ–  concerned; as I am sure
you will be too. Keep on praying for
us all. There is a good work going on,
and even this trouble seems to draw us
nearer together and nearer to God.”
Miss Lettie Squire, B.A.:
“ During the summer months our
numbers were so high as to make work
somewhat inconvenient; as in all
our Chinese schools (at any rate
in this part) the numbers gradually
lessen as the year goes on. Attendance
being quite voluntary, we have no hold
over lazy or indifferent scholars ; more-
over we have increasing competition, as
new premises are being built for
Government schools, and of course our
rule of unbinding the feet keeps away
many. Some girls unbind their feet to
get admitted, and then slyly try to start
binding again underneath their large
socks and shoes. When we find out
this sort of trickery and insist on the
rule being observed some girls leave.
However, those who are really trying to
make headway appreciate our school.
Owing to the very wet weather and to
the consequent muddy state of the roads
this autumn, the Republican fete could
not be held when appointed, but was in-
definitely postponed, and was at last
held, a week ago to-day (November
15th). Our girls had prepared to go,
but had not kept in practice, and as I
was also a little fearful there there was
some recognition of Confucianism im-
plied I told them we would not attend.
However during the previous day the
officials in authority sent repeated re-
quests, and finally sent a letter, urging
the attendance of our girls; I was as-
sured the fete had no connection with
Confucianism, and as the scholars were
eager to go, I at last decided to allow
them to take part. So on the morning

The Work of Our Women’s Auxiliary
of November 8th one hundred and ten
scholars turned up wearing their finest
clothes. As a distinguishing mark this
year they wore rosettes of the national
colours. All who could afford it had
contributed cash towards making some
extra flags, their rosettes, and for their
lunch on the day. The authorities of-
fered them time to go, through all they
had prepared for the two days ; the girls
went in three times, but let the fourth
go. The first time they entered the
ring they formed up in a Maltese cross,
with the little ones towards the centre,
and all had flags of some sort to carry.
With four senior girls standing in the
centre to lead the four sections, they
sang some simple four-part rounds to
English words. The chief difficulty was
to train them to keep in time. On their
second entrance they played “Nuts and
May ” adapted to Chinese words. The
senior girls formed one section and the
juniors another, but both sang together.
Those acting as “ Nuts and May ” had
flowers to hold, and the winner of each
contesting pair got possession of the
flowers. Each time they played three
pairs contested in each section, and af-
terwards the winners raced for flags, and
prizes given by the authorities. For
their third day turn they sang two Chris-
tian patriotic hymns—one to the tune
“ Moscow ” and the other to “ Auld Lang
Syne.” They marched into the ring in
threes, the little ones being in the
middle. Thus, in threes, they formed a
circle ; then each pair of the bigger girls
faced each other and crossed flags, at the
same time joining up the inner and outer
circles by looping their last years’ sashes
between the pairs of girls. The little
ones being thus between two circles,
walked under the flags, and between the
sashes, while all joined in singing the
national songs. Sometimes the little
ones ran round. This third perform-
ance was what took the public fancy
most, as there was more to be seen.
The majority of the Chinese here ap-
preciate what appeals to their sense of
sight more than what appeals to their
sense of hearing. The whole school
went in each time, and after the third
turn they formed up in twos, and pre-
sented two Bibles (with cases made of
“ A Missionary Parliament,” as represented [Photo: Mr. W. Fisk.
at Moffat Road, Thornton$Heatli. Miss Elliott and Mr. Lacey, conductors.

The Work of Our Women’s Auxiliary
the national colours) to the two head
officials, afterwards the authorities gave
enough handkerchiefs to distribute to all
present. I did not go myself, being
rather tired, but I hear that some
scholars from one of the Government
schools went through a little acting
which really cast ridicule upon Con-
fucianism rather than honour.
“ I am wondering if any one has yet
been found to come here as my sue-
cessor. It is essential that a foreign
lady should be in superintendence. A
girls’ school, especially where some are
boarders, is no light responsibility, and
constant supervision is necessary. If a
lady could come before I have to leave,
I could do my best to make the way as
plain as possible for Her. However
soon she comes she will necessarily be
inexperienced in the language and in
Chinese ways, and the more difficult
will be her life at first; but as regards
the school, a foreign lady teacher, how-
ever new to the work, will be vastly
better than none at all. I am doing my
best to prepare girls who will be good
helpers, but to leave them in charge is a
very different matter, and I couldn’t
answer for the consequences. In my
opinion it will be disastrous to the school
if no lady teacher is sent, and really the
school ought to be closed in such an
event. The competition is keener than
before, and the girls cannot possibly
keep up the work, however hard they
try. It will be a thousand pities if the
work of years is cast away, especially
as this school is comparatively inex-
pensive, but I really cannot conscien-
tiously advise any other than the closing
of the school if no one can be sent. The
gifts, sent by kind friends from Eng-
land, will lend a little festive brightness
to our Christmas here, though apart
from our own small celebrations, no
sign of the Christmas season surrounds
“With Christmas greetings and best
wishes to all helpers of the Missionary
Mrs. Eayrs has also received a splen-
did letter from Mrs. Bassett: but we are
obliged to defer it to next month.
The following extract of a letter sent
by Miss Ethel Squire, B.A., to Mrs.
Eayrs will tell its own tale : “ I am sorry
that I seem to make no progress to-
wards real recovery. Trouble such as
mine, in the head, is very difficult to
cure, and also very difficult to endure.”
On behalf of the W.M.A. the follow-
ing are thanked : Dudley Road Sunday
School, a parcel; Miss Mawson and
Girls’ Guild, Duke Street Church, South-
port, box of bandages; Sutton Junior
Endeavour (Thornton Heath), parcel of
knitted and fancy goods; Mrs. Guest
and helpers, Charlton, London, box of
useful articles :Thankful, 5s.; Y.P.S.C.E.,
Valley Road, Sheffield, 16s. 6d.
It must be clearly understood by all
our friends that any gifts for the use of
missionaries must be additional to the
regular income.
“ O Those who earnest from above.”
“ Never further than Thy Cross.”
“ Lord in the strength of grace.”
Scripture: Psalm xlvi.
Praise: That the work on our foreign
stations is progressing, and for the pro-
mise, “ Lo! I am with you always.”
Prayer: For a clearer realization that
Christ is King, and that all things are
subject to His will.
That a qualified teacher may quickly
be found to take Miss L. Squire’s place.
That Miss Ethel Squire and Miss
Armitt may be graciously helped in
their affliction, and if it please God, be
speedily restored.
Under a misapprehension, it was
stated last month (p. 21) that Mrs.
Savin would be going to West China
early this year. We now find she is
not able to go until the autumn.
<=>§=> .כ>§=>

Tl>e Missionary
■“ Greatheart of Papua (]antes Chai-
mers).” By W. P. Nairne, M.A.
Vol. 2 of the Pathfinder Series.
(Oxford University Press ; 2s. net.)
James Chalmers has â– been often
״ done ” but will never be overdone.
This book follows “ Livingstone the
Pathfinder” well, and we trust it may
have an equal circulation. It is excel-
lently produced and is full of incident
and illustration. No book more suitable
for placing in the hands of a sixteen-
year-old lad. “Tamata” was not only
great in heart, he was great in deeds.
“A Missionary Mosaic from Ceylon'.'
By the Rev. Edward Strutt. (Wes-
leyan Book Room; 3s. 6d., 1913.)
An excellent missionary book, and it
is rendered pathetic by the death of
the author before its issue. His wish
has been carried through with reverent
hands by Mrs. Strutt and her son—Mr.
R. H. Strutt. The dedication is expres-
sive of its purpose, and the book is well
calculated to fulfil that aim.
“To all lovers of Foreign Missions, in
ithe earnest hope that some wind of God
may blow through its pages, causing its
readers’ love to burn with intenser flame.”
It is gratifying to find in the “Moslem
World ” for January* a more hopeful
note. There are several admirable ar-
In “ Islam in Bengal ” we read thus—
“In one district, Nadia, ■there is a Chris-
tian community, at least five thousand of
whom are either converts or descendants
of converts from the Mohammedan faith.”
“ The dying forces of Islam ” by Dr.
Zwemer (the editor), is based on the
heart-confessions of a young Sheikh,
and states that
“the vital forces of Islam have been sapped,
and collapse is inevitable.”
* The Nile Mission Press, 35 John Street, W.C. Is.
[Photo: Mr. John Sixsmith.
Annie Smith and David Howard Smith are first
on^the front row, and last on the back row.

Notable Collectors
In “ Tempora Mutantur ” the Rev. W.
H. T. Gairdner, by a striking illustra-
tion shows that
1‘the Christian contention in regard to
marriage is openly asserted.”
“Missionary Joys in Japan? By
Paget Wilkes, B.A. (Morgan and
Scott, 1913 ; 7s. 6d. net.
A finely-illustrated and well-produced
book. It is “ a record of God answering
by fire in Japan, and the manifest re-
suits in the hearts and lives of the
The incidents are selected to repre-
sent a variety of Christian activities,
though all of an evangelical order. It is
the transcription of a missionary journal,
and therefore in itself valuable to all
who sympathise. Mr. Wilkes has also
placed us under obligation by the trans-
lation of a number of Japanese poems,
of which a rich specimen may be given.
“Faith is the slender thread that binds
Another heart to mine ;
Love, living in a loyal breast,
That tells me * I am thine,’
Seemeth of all things most divine.”
“The Expansion of Christendom■. A
Study in Religious History. By
Mrs. Ashley Carus-Wilson. New
and revised edition. (Hodder and
Stoughton; 3 s. 6d.).
The author considers the question
under the following suggestive subjects:
“ The Case for Missions :■ the Course of
Missions: the Crisis of Missions.” To
show how complete is the examination
we give the headings of the six chapters
under Part I. The motives elucidated
are the Philanthropic, the Eschato-
logical, the Theological, the Loyal, the
Fraternal, the Filial.
Very useful is “ The Course of Mis-
sions, in its illustration and history.
Equally helpful is the treatment of “ the
Crisis,” rendering it a most useful book
to put into the hands of either a deep
sympathiser or an honest waverer.
Notable Collectors.
This group of missionary collectors during
1912—1913 collected the sum of £35 17s. 2d.
They are connected with our Mount Zion
and Windsor Road Churches. The two,
David Howard Smith, and Annie Smith his
sister, have collected the sum of £17 2s. 9d.,
which is included in the above amount.
This missionary box has already raised over
£100. Last year it contained £16. Coun.
J. W. Baron is uncle to the above, their
mother being his sister. The box has been
in the family and its connections for many
years. —Per Rev. T. Naylor.
73. —Annie Smith.
74. —David Howard Smithy
[Photo : Mr. John Sixsmith.
כ>§=> «£^=>


Holy Will. Protect and guide Thy labourers wherever they go. Give
them patience, love, and a right judgment in all things. Gather in
Thine elect from all nations and hasten Thy kingdom : through Jesus
Christ our Lord.—Amen.”
Tlje Re-opepipg of Ziop
Cljurcl?, Bapapas Islapds,
Sierra Leope.
By tbe Rev.
General Superintendent.
I REPORT with joy the good news of
the re-opening of the Zion Church
in the village of Dublin, on the
Bananas Islands. The old chapel, built
in the time of the lateThos. Truscott, had
fallen into a state of decay, there being
considerable danger of the roof falling
The work of renovation was begun
about three years ago, and the church
Zion new Church, Dublin, Bananas Islands.
March, 1914Ö¾ * '

The Re-opening of Zion Church, Bananas Islands, Sierra Leone
was ready for re-dedication, in the
month of November last, when Rev. J.
B. Nichols, the Acting General Superin-
tendent, preached the opening sermon.*
It may seem a little strange to English
readers that a period of three years
should elapse between the beginning of
such a work, and its completion. This
is explained, partly, by the
poverty of the people, and by
the fact that the work must be
paid for as it proceeds, as it is
impossible for the members
to bear a heavy debt on its com-
The Bananasonians threw
heart and mind and soul and
strength into the task of recon-
struction, giving generously
out of their limited resources,
and paying in labour what they
could not do in pence. The
women-folk went to the sea-
shore, with baskets for the sand,
while the younger people went
to the stone-quarry to fetch the
red-laterite stone for the builders.
Some of the fishermen, belong-
ing to the church, manned their
boats, and sailed away to some
distant islands to gather oyster-
shells, which, when burnt, pro-
vided the necessary lime. The
sight of the women carrying
their baskets of sand, and the
younger members with their
burden of stone, singing rous-
ing hymns and choruses, as
they blithely performed their
tasks, is one that will not soon
fade away from my memory. It
seemed more like a joyous holi-
day than a time of strenuous
In order to secure the need-
ful money to carry on the work,
the minister, Rev. C. L. W.
Coker, had to undertake long
journeys, visiting the towns of
the Peninsula of Sierra Leone, and also
the traders in the Sherbro country, and
others in French Guinea, immediately
north of Sierra Leone.
The Bananas Islands, on which Zion
Church stands, are about forty miles
*The writer being then in England on furlough.—Ed.
from Freetown by sea, and in order that
well-disposed friends might be present
on the occasion, a steam-launch was
hired, and thus enabled a number of
friends to go for the great day, who
otherwise, would have refused to have
spent a possible twenty hours, in a. small
boat, on the bosom of the Atlantic.
Stalwarts at Bananas, Sierra Leone.
[Rev. A. E. Greensmith.
Brethren C. E. Davies, Lieut. J. B. O. Johnson, T. B.
Campbell, J. A. Harris.
All are leaders and local preachers of many years'
standing on the Bananas Islands. J.B. O. Johnson
rose from the ranks, and earned a commission in the
West African Frontier Force. Mr. T. B. Campbell
is the father of the Rev. T. T. Campbell. Mr. J. A.
Harris is headman of the Town of Bananas.
Zion Church has been a source of
great strength to United Methodism in
Sierra Leone, having given three of her
sons to the work of the native minis-
try; while many of her sons and daugh-
ters have contributed, not a little, by
their godliness, generosity, and religious
enthusiasm, to the development and

Foreign Secretary’s Notes
success of our church-life there. They
are to be found in nearly every walk of
life in the Colony, in the Customs, in
trade, and in education; well-built,
healthy, godly men all, nourished and
nurtured in the church on their island
home, at the opening of which we all re-
joice. May the more commodious
church still continue to yield such godly
men for the uplifting of Africa. Mr.
G. B. D. Campbell, who hailed from this
church, has practically done the work of
a paid worker in connection with one of
our small causes in Freetown, and has
earned for himself by his devotion to
the little church, the title of “ Bishop of
Angola Town.”
It is a fact worthy of record, that a
stipulation made between the early
settlers on the Bananas Islands, and
the Colonial Government, that there
should be no liquor shops on the
Islands, has been kept until the present
Foreigp Secretary’s
The Progress THE sum paid into the
of the Debt fund during the month of
Campaign. January was £512, raising
the total payments to
;£8,366. Including the £1,000 condi-
tionally promised, there still remains in
the Conference list promises
amounting to nearly £6,000
awaiting fulfilment. We shall
be glad if our friends can
make it convenient to redeem
their promises without further
delay. We also appeal to
our ministers and leaders to
organize a thorough canvass of
our friends who have not yet
made their promises to this
fund. Many circuits are
achieving splendid results
under wise and generous
Young people may do much
to promote the success of the
effort. The Wolverhampton
Christian Endeavour Society
has engaged to raise £25.
Here is an opportunity to dis-
play true loyalty to the
Church’s highest mission. In
some places the service of the
choir has been requisitioned
with good effect. If every
choir were to arrange a
musical evening for the benefit
of the fund, the total realized
would make a most valuable
By tbe
Speech Day At the Speech Day cele-
at Jfingpo brations held on January
College. 14th at our Ningpo Col-
lege, Principal H. S. Red-
fern, M.Sc., was able to report that the
high records of previous years had been
Dr. Swallow and his fine batch \ Photo: Rev. W. Lyttle.
of Medical Students, Ningpo Hospital.

Foreign Secretary’s Notes
far exceeded. The number of students
had reached 160 and the accommodation
at the College had been taxed to the
This is an increase of 25 scholars not-
withstanding the fact that the fees for
non-Christian students have been raised
from 72 to 80 dollars per annum. This
made it possible to strengthen the
teaching staff, and in each term signal
service was derived from an additional
foreign teacher. During the first term,
Mr. Grant, the son of a greatly respected
local missionary, and during the second
term, Mr. Shaw, who is making a
journey around the world, working in
missionary schools and other missionary
institutions as he proceeds, rendered
Principal Redfern just the assistance he
desired. With the more efficient staff,
the order and discipline of the school
have considerably improved. The
spiritual side of the work has been main-
tained as the following paragraph from
Principal Redfern’s Report will show.
“ There has been during the year a
marked change in the attitude of non-
Christian students towards Christianity
which has rendered this extremely im-
portant class much more accessible to
Christian influences than in the past.
During the year, a number of our
students have expressed a determination
to become followers of Jesus and a
[Photo : Mr. E. D. Le Page, Guernsey.
The Rev. A. and Mrs. Evans
are jointly doing much useful deputation work
through the country. They are now in the north-
ern districts. They frequently appear as above,
in Chinese and Miao costumes.
Special class was formed for preparing
the more promising amongst them for
entrance into the Church. Up to the
present time, five of these have been
baptized, all bright boys of good charac-
ter and most of them from non-Christian
homes. There are also two more await-
ing baptism and a number of others who
have asked to be allowed to join the en-
quirer’s class next year. Let us pray
that God’s richest blessing may be given
to these young Christians so that they
may live lives of real usefulness.”
Principal Redfern gratefully acknow-
ledges that the blessing of God alone can
account for the uninterrupted prosperity
that has attended the College. He says
that there is every prospect that next
session will begin an even more success-
ful year.
The Miss Mackee, the bride-
Departure elect of Rev. R. T. Worth-
of Miss M. D. ington, sailed from South-
L. Mackee ampton on January 22nd
for Meru. to arrive at Mombasa
about a month later. The
Foreign Missions Committee and the
Connexional Committee, in considera-
tion of the very exceptional circum-
stances under which Mr. Worthington is
wonting, granted his request for permis-
sion to marry a few months before the
completion of his period of probation.
The permission was given in the
best interests of the mission.
Miss Mackee is a lady animated
by the true missionary spirit and
by studying first-aid and nurs-
ing she has been qualifying her-
self to render most valuable as-
sistance to Mr. Worthington in
his most important work. Her
father most generously desired
to defray the entire cost of out-
fit and passage.
Miss Mackee was able to take
with her a useful portable organ,
given by the Fenton people.
This organ meets one of Mr.
Worthington’s deeply-felt needs
and will contribute greatly to
the brightness and attractiveness
of the services in Meru. Miss
Mackee also took with her a
lantern and 30s. worth of Gospel
slides given by Miss Akrill, of

The Broken Vow
Lincoln, in response to the appeal
of Mr. Worthington in the ECHO, who
has found that to preach the
Gospel by pictures is the most ef-
fective way to impress the native
mind. We gratefully acknowledge the
kindness of tnese generous friends. We
all pray that the elect lady going to
Meru as the pioneer of Christian woman-
hood in that land may reap abundant
ioy and blessing as the reward of her
service in planting the first Christian
home among a barbarian people.
!Missionary’s There can be nothing
Keenest Pain, more painful to a mis-
sionary heart than to see
the opportunity of doing splendid work
and being hindered and prevented by
want of funds. In more ways than one,
this bitter lament has come from our
brethren abroad during the recent years
when necessity has compelled the Com-
mittee to reduce estimates in such a
drastic manner. Rev. C. N. Mylne,
working among the Nosu tribe in Yun-
nan, writing in reference to this curtail-
ment, says:
Tbc Broket?
THE service was ended; there had
been nothing extraordinary about
it; just the usual method, the
usual time, the usual tunes and hymns,
and some of us were wishing that a
token of good were given us, some evi-
dence of life somewhere, something to
encourage spirits liable to droop.
Presently, from among the women
(who sit together in our chapel) two
elderly persons came forward, one lead-
ing the other.
The leader was a deformed little body
with a smiling face whom we know well,
a great sufferer, one to whom life has
brought few joys and many many sor-
rows. Her name is Mrs. Cloud, the
wife of a candle-maker, one of the best
makers in the city. She comes on tiny
feet gently leading an old lady of 76 up
to the pulpit and says to the pastor,
" Mr. Tie, this lady wishes to have her
name put down on the church roll, she
“ Do you understand what this means ?
It means that I have had to ruthlessly
cut the work down, dismiss workers and
recall teachers.”
Mr. Mylne has made every sacrifice
for the Nosu, living under conditions
which few men would tolerate,* and us-
ing his own resources to the utmost, in
order to give these people the Gospel
they need, and which they are conscious
they need. To him it is unaccountable
that there can be such׳ wealth in Chris-
tendom and that a few pounds cannot be
spared to minister the Bread of Life to
hungry souls. This is not a solitary in-
stance. Reduced estimates mean re-
duced service and an increased burden
for the missionary to carry. There is
only one alternative. Either we must
liberally and adequately support the
work we undertake or pass it on to those
who are able and willing to do so. The
missionary income this year will largely
determine which alternative our Church
decides to adopt. The Church that does
not endeavour to increase its income is
casting its vote for retreat.
* See Page 62.—Ed.
By tbc Rev.
has been trying to earn merit as a vege-
tarian for 16 years, has now broken her
vow, and desires to trust in Christ for
salvation.” We call one of the pupil
teachers to write her name and address,
and she is enrolled. Her eyes are dim
with age, but erect and healthy looking
old Mrs. Li takes her stand before
many witnesses.
Just what lies behind this is the ques-
tion. That which is on the surface soon
passes, but in this land one has to be
able to understand indications. Some-
one has been "fishing for men,” bearing
testimony to the saving, transforming
power of the Christ. Mr. Cloud was one
of the most vicious-tempered men this
city possesses, he was a great opium
smoker, lost his business through it,
came down to abject poverty. Saunter-
ing around he heard the Gospel in the
centre of the town, came frequently and
enjoyed it, laid hold of it by faith, and is

Christ !
now very changed, though his temper
is by no means of the sweetest yet, but
his frail little wife of nearly fifty testifies
to a great change having come over the
man. Once he threw her out of a
window, and injured her spine perman-
ently. Chao (Cloud) is a dour man,
persecuted throughout the town but
quietly and severely holding his way.
His place is shut on Sunday: no one
may buy his candles. Moreover, he is
always and everywhere bearing witness
to Christ, and this is a result of that
ministry : his neighbours on the north and
south have come through him, and now
this old vegetarian, has broken from her
.old faith and is groping after Christ.
She took her vow never to eat meat
if the gods would change her wicked
son and give him success in his office.
She lived so abstemiously that her ears
rung with׳ weakness. Her son has come
back, is as bad as ever and quite unsuc-
cessful, so that she trusts no more in
heathen methods and heathen promises,
but in that One in whom all the pro-
mises of God are yea, and Amen.
Hosts of these poor women en-
deavouring to heap up sufficient merit
Another old lady, aged 70, who found
Christ and learned to read, in her old age.
[Rev. S. Pollard.
to enter heaven, or escape some at least
of the horrors of a Buddhist hell.
Would that we could preach more lucid-
ly that Christ is all our Merit, that in
His name whosoever will may come.
What Merit was His! What infinitely
stupendous Grace He has bestowed on
men! He is just the One the Chinese
need. What a privilege to make Him
Fancy finding salvation at 76, and
that an old heathen lady steeped in
grossest superstition. When at home I
heard someone say, “ It is no use trying
to save Chinese women, you must go for
saving the girls,” a statement altogether
too sweeping. I believe the Lord is
equal to any case and that the Gospel
is “ the power of God unto salvation to
everyone that believeth,” and that it is
possible for any living person to believe.
Seventy-six and having her name put
down! Ha! “ There is joy in the
presence of the angels of God over one
sinner that repenteth.” May the dear
old lady stand among the Redeemed on
that great day.
Christ, Man Divine!
Christ, Gracious God Incarnate!
Christ would I hold before a loveless world.
Christ, Blessed Christ,
Beloved of the Father!
Christ, by whose hand Love’s banner was
Christ! lie has lived
And known our imperfectious:
Christ well has proved the lovelessness of
Christ! He has died
To save a race of sinners.
Christ, He has died, but now He lives
Christ, still the same,
lie mourns our heartless strivings;
Christ, still looks down in pity from above:
Christ; Risen Christ
Again proclaims His Message,
Christ speaks again the mighty word of
“ Love.”
Christ, Jesus Christ
Alone can save the people,
Hope for the world is centred all in Christ:
Christ, come to Christ!
Oh! break with sin and weeping,
Love, peerless Love, is waiting you in
T , —John Saves.
lomic *×™

To Extinguish our Debt !
By July, 1914,
Wljy ? A Hapdful
of Rcasops.
IT may be that some amongst our 143,000 members are
asking why w׳e should be called to this extra task !
Not in a spirit of aloofness, or in the sense of its not
being our own cause; but honestly wondering why we
are so like other societies, in allowing a debt to accumu-
late. With all due respect for, and sympathy with, such
a feeling, we think a few moments will suffice to remove
objections and turn apathy into earnestness.
1. We have helped to cause the debt! Not personally,
of course, but as a Church. This can be shown by un-
mistakable figures. In a sense we view the matter with
satisfaction, for the money thus received in grants has
kept us from retrogression in many Districts. This
being so our obligation is the greater. Further, we have
helped to cause the debt by our insistence in hymn and
prayer and toil that the world should be missioned. We
have prayed against closed doors, and they are open : we
have sung of Christ’s conquests and desired them : and
it is our success, not our indolence, which has caused our
embarrassment. Surely we shall rejoice in meeting the
bill involved.
Again, we have caused it by not making our circuit
contributions—year by year■—larger.
2. We are always in debt to the world. What is now
deficient in our exchequer has been spent to make our
country better, and the world purer—and we, consciously
and unconsciously, are reaping the benefit. Our civiliza-
tion, our commerce, â– our relationships, all reveal a debt
—understanding which we cannot help but discharge it.
3. We are always in debt to the Church. This debt
we can never repay—but we may try, and the trying will
be a benediction. The Bible, the books it has called
forth, the Sunday School, Temperance, Fellowship, Bur-
den-bearing—all these are built into the life of the Church
of Jesus Christ. When we are convinced of this, we
must pay to the utmost of our power. St. Paul was a
“ tell-me-anything~more-to-do-and-l-ivill-do-it-Y\vAx\ie.e! ”
4. hampers our operations both at home
and abroad. The debt has crept up, not because of
Union, but through the widened sphere Union gave us.
And with a crippling debt the two committees concerned
can neither adequately maintain the present work nor
respond to the clamant calls for extension.
5. Thus we can say decisively, it will advance that
cause for which all our readers are toiling and praying.
We took Christ “for better for worse.” Dare we say this
is a bit of the worse? It is a tax, but a voluntary one :
it is a debt, but a debt of honour : it is an obligation
which if fulfilled will flood the life with light and thank-
fulness. We shall pass through the valley of weeping to
the mountain of rejoicing. Only those who share the
burden will receive the reward.
“ I had not known what life could be,
Had I not known adversity.”
J. E. S.
[Adapted from London Localised Edition for February :
reprinted by request.]

Notable Collectors
Higbams Park Trio,
London, Walthamstow Circuit.
This is a group of three of our best
Missionary collectors. Their record up to
now is as follows :
75•— 76.- 77. —
Alan Harvey. Ivy Darkins. Leonard Bird.
1909 — £1 8 4 £1 4 6
1910 — 2 13 4 2 8 0
1911 £0 15 6 2 11 11 2 6 0
1912 3 0 3 2 5 8 2 3 3
1913 3 3 2 2 0 0 2 4 3
Totals £6 18 11 £10 19 3 £10 6 0
—Per Mr. F. T. Dean, Missionary Sec.
75•—Alan Harvey.
76. —Ivy Darkins.
77. —Leonard Bird.
78.—Miss Editb Storey,
ALTHOUGH comparatively a new collector
for Missions, Miss Edith Storey deserves a
place in our Missionary album of earnest and
faithful collectors. The family with which
she is connected are all devotedly attached
to United Methodism, and are ardent
workers at Claughton Road. Her father is
our circuit treasurer, and her maternal
grandfather (Mr. Henry Kay) was for many
years officially connected with Wellington
Road, Liverpool. Many of the ministers
stationed there will remember his gracious
personality and his earnest work for the
cause. Although an invalid, he takes a
warm interest in our Birkenhead Church,
and is a generous supporter of all its in-
terests.. So Miss Edith Storey comes of a
good stock, and promises to be a useful
worker in future years. Her collections are :
1911- 12 .............. £6 13
1912- 13 .............. 4 7 2
£10 8 5
—Per Rev. G. Coates.
78.—Miss Edith Storey.

Gravelly Hill.
A West Indian Story.
eN the night of Michael’s dream,
John Conquest was unable to
sleep. He therefore dressed,
and, crossing the graveyard, made
his way to the church door, un-
locked it, and entered. Outside,
the frogs and crickets and lizards
chanted in chorus, but inside the church
their warning sounds seemed resolved
into a subdued and restful harmony.
The moon shone brightly through the
plain glass windows, and Conquest had
no difficulty in treading the familiar
way to the communion rail. Here he
knelt, the moonbeams falling upon him
with a soft and tender radiance. It
was the spot to which he had been com-
ing daily for several months to gain
strength for his attack on Gravelly Hill.
But this was the first time on which he
had come thither at night. The mail
had brought news a few hours before
that a neighbouring colleague had been
invalided home, and that, in view
of straitened missionary finances, he
would be required to divide his energies
between the two spheres. This dealt a
staggering blow at hopes which Con-
quest had long
allowed himsel 1
to cherish. His
heart was set
on “ regions be-
yond,” but al-
ready he had
the work of two
men, and his
stricken col-
league had not
had less ; how,
then, could he
contemplate the
addition of an-
other station on
Gravelly HilL
Yet he had per-
suaded himself,
before the news
came, that he
would be able
to bring those
dark, unpromis-
ing people with-
in the sphere of
his operations,
Negro Cabins. [Photo: Cooper, Barbados.
[Favoured by the Foreign Field.}
but now, with the work of an in-
valid missionary added to his own,
arid the home call for retrenchment
—what could he do ? That ques-
tion was responsible for his sleep-
lessness, and for his presence in
the sanctuary at midnight. For some
time he knelt in silence, the struggle
within being too great for words. At
last, the hindrance was removed, and
in an agony of soul he prayed: “ O
Lord God, who knowest the needs of
all these people, view with special
mercy and favour, we beseech Thee,
the dwellers on Gravelly Hill. Their
dark superstitions, their unnameable
sins, their natural aloofness and their
neglected condition, all these things are
known to Thee. Thou also knowest, O
Lord, that it was in Thy servant’s heart
to minister to them, but he is so beset
with difficulties that his spirit faileth
him and he cannot go. Almighty God,
Thou seest their need. Exert Thy
strength in their behalf and deliver them.
Pitifully behold their dense darkness,
and send the Gospel of Thy dear Son
that it may be their light. O, they are

Gravelly Hill
lost upon the mountains: Good Shep-
herd, seek and save these ‘ other sheep.’
May my Saviour be theirs! Amen.”
Conquest remained kneeling. He
thought he heard a voice. It bade him
go to Gravelly Hill, and assured him
that the Lord would be with him, but
alas! before he left the Mission House,
Conquest had decided in his heart that
he could not go. When he rose, the
Church was in darkness. He had been
there longer than he knew. Storm
clouds obscured the moon, and the wind
sighed heavily. He groped his way to
the door and opened it, but the wind
was so violent that he had difficulty in
closing it again. By a supreme effort,
however, he succeeded, and crossed to
the Mission House under a burden of
dejection and defeat.
Months had elapsed since Conquest
gave up the idea of missioning Gravelly
Hill. In the meantime he had striven
heroically to cope with the additional
duties imposed upon him, not alto-
gether without success. According to
his burden, God had increased his
strength. But for the voice that spoke
to him in the church on that decisive
night, his satisfaction would have been
complete ; but the voice had since be-
come more real and insistent, and its
command more imperative; so much
so, that he had latterly found himself
resorting to a point of vantage, and gaz-
ing long and intently across the river
to the headland beyond. For several
days in succession, he had seen a
solitary figure standing on a narrow
strip of sand at׳ the foot of Gravelly
Hill, the face apparently turned towards
the City of the Plain. Had this hap-
pened but once, Conquest would have
dismissed the matter from his mind, but
having seen the figure in the same place
on successive days, the face always
turned in the direction of the City, he
had come to believe that it had some-
thing to do with his call to Gravelly
Hill. One night, after a wearisome
journey from a distant out-station, Con-
quest felt that he dared not turn in
without facing this question again in all
its bearings. Action of some kind had
been made inevitable by a strange
phenomenon he either dreamt of or wit-
nessed the night before. The impres-
sion it had produced on his mind was so
vivid that he believed he had actually
seen it taking place before his eyes.
High up on the treacherous edge of the
overhanging cliff stood a man, his arms
stretched wide in a mute appeal for
help. The form was silhouetted against
the moonlit sky, and the outline sharply
defined. For a moment the figure was
drawn up to its full height, then it
silently disappeared—the arms still ex-
tended appealingly—over the edge of
the cliff into the deep engulfing sea.
Wherever Conquest had turned that
day, he had seen this tragic episode re-
peated before his eyes, and it brought
to his heart this conviction—that if he
had been there a soul might have been
Since his public oration on the cliff,
Michael’s relations with the people had
been somewhat strained. He was still
influential in ordinary matters, but on
that fateful morning he had unwittingly
stepped into a province in which he was
no match for Jim Fearless. Fearless
had so terrorised the people that they
were now worked up to a pitch of super-
stitious frenzy regarding the missioning
of Gravelly Hill, and all their an-
tagonism was artfully directed by Fear-
less against Michael and his busher.
Fearless had kept them both under the
closest surveillance. He knew how
frequently Michael had gone to the
little beach at the foot of the cliff, and
how wistfully he had looked towards
the City of the Plain. There were
lengths, however, to which the people’s
respect for Michael would not allow
Fearless to go, but no such considera-
tion deterred him in the case of Silas
Stone, and it was therefore through him
that Fearless determined to wreak his
vengeance on Michael. He accord-
ingly caused the word to go forth that
the spirits were aggrieved by Michael’s
suggestion, but that they could be pro-
pitiated by the sacrifice of a life.
Choosing half a dbzen men who lived
in daily dread.of his supposed miracu-
lous powers, Fearless planned with
them to appease the wrath of the
spirits by the offering of a human life.
Stealing forth one night before the
moon arose, he and his companions hid
themselves on the lower slopes of
Gravelly Hill near the huts of Michael

Gravelly Hill
and Silas. After they had watched
Michael and his busher retire for the
night, Fearless crept into Silas’s hut,
around which his companions had drawn
a cordon. Silas was asleep, and was
easily gagged, though not before he
had sent an appealing cry ringing out
on the silence of the night. It wakened
Michael, who opened the door of his
hut, and peered into the darkness. He
was just in time to see a number of men
disappear into the bush with a strugg-
ling burden. He ran across to his
busher’s hut, called, and groped about,
for Silas, but he was not there. The
awful truth suddenly dawned on his
sleepy mind. His trusted servant had
been kidnapped. The threats of Fear-
less took on themselves an ominous
significance, and smote his heart with
terror. Had Silas been chosen to pro-
pitiate the angry spirits? Trembling
in every limb, he made his way to the
spot where the men had entered the
bush, and followed for a short distance.
Hearing voices, he stopped. Someone
was giving orders:
“ Him big,” a voice said jocularly,
“ an’ slow like donkey : him no go: need
patient man ride jackass!” Silas was
evidently proving stubborn. Michael
dared not approach lest he should be
discovered. Suddenly he heard return-
ing footsteps approaching: his heart
almost failed from fear: if he were
found there, even his life would not be
worth an hour’s purchase. But he had
no time to retreat, so he stood where he
was, as motionless as a statue. The
footsteps came nearer, and a moment
later two dark forms passed him and
disappeared into the bush behind.
They soon returned, however, dragging
some of the long withes which festoon
the trees of the tropical forest. There
followed another brief wait, during
which Michael thought they were bind-
ing their victim. At last they moved
Burlington on the Rio Grande. [Photo: James Johnston, Esq., M. D., Jamaica.

Chinese Sayings
forward, and when Michael emerged
from the other side of the bush they
had altogether disappeared.
The next night, as Silas had not re-
turned, Michael feared the worst, and
being unable to sleep, the following
morning found him, at daybreak, on
the narrow strip of shingle at the foot
of the cliff. His keen eyes scanned the
waters as far as the morning mist would
allow, then he waded a few yards, after-
wards plunging in and swimming for
some distance. By and by, he clutched
something floating on the water, and
getting to seaward of it, pushed the
floating mass before him until he laid it
tenderly on the beach. It was fhe body
of his faithful busher, Silas Stone.
From the other side of Crocodile River
a canoe had set off while Michael was
engaged on his gruesome task. On
and on it came, dexterously paddled by
a solitary occupant. For a time it
seemed directed upstream, then its bead
was turned seawards, and, carried
Cljipese Sayipgs.
The rivers and the seas are the kings
of brooklets and streams, because of
their fondness to reside low.
The soft overcomes the hard and the
weak the strong: therefore the tongue
is soft and is preserved, while the teeth
are hard and break. (This saying re-
minds us of Prov. xxv. 15. A soft
tongue breaketh the bone.)
Although there are the best dishes, if
you do not eat them, you do not know
their goodness.
A potter can make myriads of
vessels ; but not one vessel can make a
potter, or hurt him. (Compare this say-
ihg with Rom. ix. 20, 21.)
Confucius said, “ There are three
thousand kinds of punishments ; but the
greatest crime is to have no filial piety.”
rapidly by the current around the head-
land, it was beached before Michael
was aware of its coming.
“ My friend,” said a kindly voice,
“ this is a sad sight which confronts me
on my first landing on Gravelly Hill.”
Michael’s back was towards the
speaker, but he turned and looked into
the face he had so ardently longed to
see--the face of John Conquest, the
missionary from the City of the Plain.
Of Conquest’s work on Gravelly Hill,
it may be simply said that he came and
conquered. The church there is a re-
ligious beacon which can be seen for
miles by passengers on land or sea. It
stands on ground presented by Michael
for that purpose when Conquest gave
his busher a Christian burial a few
hours after landing on Gravelly Hill.
In the churchyard, beside the grave of
Silas Stone, is that of Jim Fearless, a
persecutor who afterwards became an
״=>§=> «
Collected by tbe Rev. R. BREWIN.
Few words nourish the mind.
Few cares strengthen the soul.
Few wants increase the strength.
These three rely on each other and
are called the three precious things.
The really superior man prefers to die
a death of honour, rather than to live a
life of shame.
The superior man looks at death as
returning home.
In the ninth mooit (October) the
winds are high and the children play at
flying kites.
In the ninth moon the autumn sets in,
and old people prepare their winter
clothes. ׳
Looked at in your own room be there
free from shame, where you are only ex-
posed to the light of heaven.

Advance, Lopdop !
Issued by tlje Committee for the raising of at
least £1,250 for tlje MISSIONS DEBT FUND.
To tl?e Cljurcljes of
Lopdop District.
How ?
A Hapdful of Suggestions.
should we try to extinguish our
Mission Debts ? ” and have ac-
cepted the handful of reasons given last
month, or others equally adequate, we
shall at once proceed to ask, “ How can
it be done ? ”
We know that every church in every
circuit is doing just as much as it can
do. If it be doing LESS it ought to be
downright ashamed. So we will accept
the former as gloriously normal, and
otherwise we would not have it.
So we are convinced that we are all
doing as much as we can do: it is always
those who can do just a wee bit more!
It is the man and woman with five to
nine children that oftenest adopts an
Here is a circuit of six churches, and
the ideal amount is U6o.
1. Let them, if fairly contiguous,
combine for a bazaar and exhibition, and
aim at Two.
2. If the churches must, through dis-
tance or other reasons, work apart, let
each arrange for a week-end of services
(on the same Sunday if possible) with
special offerings Sunday and Monday—
not less in any case than would be spent
in travelling to the seaside for another
sort of week-end. Something like the
effort put into an annual harvest thanks-
giving would amply suffice.
3. In some churches the young people
might raise half the amount by three
months’ penny trading: the other half
could be obtained by donations from
adults at so much per week for three
4. Have a missionary representation
by the Juniors (see cover of Echo), and
a concert provided by, and for, the
adults. For both, African, Chinese,
Miao, and Indian songs may be obtained
and sung, preferably in costume.
5. A missionary at home is both
educative and profitable. Let the
waiters be in costume in this also, and let
each country where we have missions be
illustrated by either men, women or chil-
dren. Dialect songs, and suitable pro-
gramme, a princely opener, “ the cup
that cheers,” and the thing is done. It
might be open two nights, and the same
things repeated, and those who could not
come on one of the nights would be
without disappointment or excuse.
In some way, in any way within
reason, let the thing be done, for

Advance, London !
Tlje Secretaries’ Meptbly
Slowly the tide is swelling and flow-
ing. In many cases definite promises
have been made from circuits that al-
ready have burdens more than suffi-
ciently heavy. Indeed, the problem
does not seem to be so much financial
inability, as the presence or absence of
a holy determination to respond to this
exceptional call.
In certain churches the officers have
seen the Missionary problem in its true
light and proportion. The thought of
our Foreign and Home enterprises
being freed from the incubus of per-
manent bank charges has fired many
imaginations and stiffened many wills.
We would venture to emphasize this
aspect of the campaign. It is worse
than a shame that so heavy a charge
should be made yearly upon the mis-
sionary funds for bank overdrafts. This
is the occasion for ending so lamentable
a state of affairs. And if the sacrifice
of time and leisure can achieve such a
result, who will utter a word of protest
or be guilty of indifference ? May we
plead for more talkers! Not in pulpits
simply: but in the ordinary circles of
church fellowship, let those whose hearts
warmly glow in sympathy with this
movement speak often and earnestly in
its behalf.
One of the most encouraging reports
comes from the Westminster and Pirn-
lico section of the Fulham Circuit. Rev.
W. P. Austin writes that the average of
3s. 3d. per member will be raised—the
total reaching £13 13s. Those who
know the situation can only say. “Well
The Brixton Circuit is carefully con-
sidering ways and means, and it is cer-
tain that a very creditable sum will be
The Forest Gate Circuit has arranged
to hold an exhibition and bazaar in May.
The details have been entrusted to one
or two experts, who are supported by
strong sectional committees. East Lon-
don will quite maintain its position in
the District.
This month’s ECHO may be in the
hands of some readers before February
is quite gone. If so, may we mention
the exhibition and bazaar to be held in
the Shern Hall Institute, Walthamstow?
The date will be February 26th, 27th,
28th. A careful decorative scheme is
being professionally carried out. and
lectures on China, Africa and Polynesia
will be given at frequent intervals. Mis-
sionary pageants and recitals will be
given daily. Trains from Liverpool
Street to Wood Street, Walthamstow.
Ask for Oliver Road.
One of the swiftest responses came
from St. James’s Church, Forest Hill.
The case having been stated after an
evening service, forty friends promised
ten shillings each, thereby almost
guaranteeing the church’s proportion.
Other circuits report the preparation
of plans for raising the required amount,
and on all hands there are most en-
couraging signs. If any reader wishes
to help, and can find no way, please
write to
James Ellis ; or
Fred Barrett.
Missionary Mass Meeting ip
forest Gate Circuit.
Taking advantage of the President’s
visit to our Seven Kings Church, a mass,
meeting to inaugurate our special effort
to raise at least £150 for the great cam-
paign was arranged. The meeting was
held at Katherine Road on February
1 Oth. A capita] attendance.
Rev. W. Bainbridge outlined our
scheme. Bazaars and exhibitions on
May 21st, 22nd, 23rd, the churches
divided into three groups responsible
for the three openings and the three
stalls. Three missionary courts, repre-
senting the work in China, in Africa,
and Medical Missions.
The President had a favourite theme
and gave a thoughtful and stirring ad-
dress. He reviewed our missionary
heritage and spoke of consequent
responsibilities. Methodism, he de-
dared, was a prime cause of the mis-
sionary revival. The message of
Methodism was and is, “ God loves every
man and lives in every man.” A church
with such a message must be a mission-
ary church. Eloquently, tenderly, con-
vincingly, Mr. Redfern pleaded for a
vision of Christ’s pity for man.
We shall get our ;£150—and more!

Advance, London !
Manchester's Example.
GO ! ! Our Church is saying that with
emphasis. We thank God for the en-
thusiasm He has aroused in the heart of
our members. The determination of
London District is another sure sign.
You ask for a few particulars relative
to Manchester District. We com-
menced with a central meeting attended
by representatives from every Circuit,
who pledged loyal support. They de-
cided in favour of a financial scheme
rather than a bazaar. Their recom-
mendation was to aim at an average of
five shillings per member, or £2,750.
This was a high standard, for our cir-
cuits vary so in financial ability, but it
was thought wise to announce a worthy
aim. Circuits were then left to follow
their own methods. The Missionary
Committee would help where requested.
Sales of work, tea meetings, social even-
ings, trading schemes, have all been em-
ployed. The chief results, however, have
come from direct giving. We prepared
a special promise fund, which has been
freely used. Rich stories of self-sacri-
fice and consecrated zeal reach us that
are convincing proofs of the spiritual up-
lift that has come along with the effort.
A quarterly statement of progress has
been issued, recording the advance made
by each church and circuit, and giving
the average per member of each circuit.
In the final report this will be extended
to each separate church. By this we
have been saved from vague promises.
Backward circuits have felt a strong in-
centive to keep the effort to the fore,
and others have been gratified by the re-
Results to January 7th are:—Pro-
mises £1,675 19s• 3d. Paid to our
treasurer £1,486 4s. 4d. ' Average per
member so far 3s. ojd. We are not
complete yet as there are eight circuits
promising additions. We have confid-
ence that our lowest figure will be
£1,850. Expenses under £25 ; covered
by interest.
Success to your effort, and prayer that
you may achieve your highest expecta-
tion. We in the provinces will rejoice
with you. Trust London will lead the
provinces. I find Rochdale people are
fairly confident of reaching £1,800.
They have divided the District into sec-
tions and have averaged at the rate of
4s. per member.
Rev. J. A. Thompson,
Tfoe Coppexiepal Crusade.
The General Secretaries write
The Debt Campaign is being carried
on throughout the length and breadth of
the denomination. The Districts have
all entered loyally into the scheme and
nearly every District expects to con-
tribute a worthy share into the fund. In
the Birmingham and Dudley District
plans are promoted which aim at £1,500,
and the circuits are making a splendid
response. Unett Street Circuit under-
takes £120, Edgbaston £125, Small
Heath and Farcroft Avenue Circuit
aims at £100, Dudley and Wolverhamp-
ton Circuits £150 each. Tamworthpro-
raises £125. Bristol and South Wales
Circuits have been grouped for special
efforts and the response is good. Corn-
wall West expects to raise its £750.
Halifax and Bradford District is working
well for £2,400. Manchester District is
confident of £1,850 and hopes for
£2,000. l'he majority of the circuits
in the Newcastle District have accepted
their share. Rochdale expects to raise
£1,800, and Plymouth and East Corn-
wall, Exeter and Shebbear, Notting-
ham, and London Districts have fair
prospects for £1,000 each. Portsmouth
District gave assurance for £500 and
some of the circuits have practically com-
pleted their portion. The other Dis-
tricts are not so definite in their expecta-
tions, but they are recognizing their ob-
ligation and striving to meet it.
In addition to the District efforts we
are hoping that the Conference list of
special subscriptions, which must be re-
garded as quite distinct from the District
efforts, will reach a total of £12,000. It
is hoped that influential laymen will con-
sider their obligations, not only to Dis-
trict efforts but to the Conference move-
ment to raise £12,000.
John Moore,
Charles Stedeford.
In “ United Methodist,” December 11th.—Ed.

Advance, London !
Result of January Competition.
The prize (“ Drifting Wreckage,” by
the Rev. W. L. Morton. Plodder and
Stoughton ; 6s.) has been easily won by
Miss Olive A. Taylor,
58, Neville Road, Forest Gate.
Ministers wbo have $one to tbe foreign
field from tbe London District.
1. Rev. John Myers fB), son of Rev.
M. T. Myers, went to Jamaica in 1882.
His father was then stationed at Poplar,
in the London 2nd Circuit. He worked
as an engineer with the gentleman who
is now the Right Hon. John Burns, M.P.
He superannuated at Jamaica, and re-
signed the ministry in 1895.
2. Rev. Joseph New came from
Walham Green, Fulham, which he left
for Sierra Leone. He and his wife ar-
rived there in 1859 ; both had an attack
of fever. Mr. New died August 6th,
3. Rev. Charles New, brother of the
above, who also came from Walham
Green, was born in 1840. He reached
East Africa in 1863. He worked with
Rev. T. Wakefield. In 1872 Mr. New
returned on furlough, and went back in
1874. During his first stay in Africa, in
1871, he made a journey to the interior
of Africa, and was the first Euro-
pean to climb Kilima-Njaro. After an
unsuccesssful attempt to establish a sta-
tion at Usambara, he set out for Ribe,
but never reached it. He suffered much
physical pain at the hands of the chief of
Moche, who robbed him of all his pro-
perty. He managed to reach Rabai
(C.M.S.) but could not get as far as
Ribe. He sent for Mr. Wakefield, who
went at once. He died February 14th,
1875, when only thirty-five years old.
Memorial tablets to the brothers have
been placed in our Walham Grove
4. The Rev. W. R. Fuller went out
from London 4th, now known as Ber-
mondsey. He went to Ningpo,
China, in 1864. He laboured there
seven years, and eventually retired from
the ministry.
5. The Rev. Frederick Galpin also
went from London 4th. He was born
in Bermondsey in 1843, and went to
China in 1868. He laboured there faith-
fully for thirty years, being instrumental
in helping to lay the foundation of our
successful mission work in China. He
was to China what Mr. Wakefield was to
East Africa, and the Rev. W. Griffith to
Jamaica. It was at this time that Mr.
Galpin lost his devoted wife. He re-
turned to England in 1877, where he was
warmly welcomed, but again arrived in
China in 1879, accompanied by a lady
whom he had married, and who pos-
sessed every qualification for a mission-
ary’s wife. Soon after his arrival a mis-'
sion was opened at Wenchow. Mr.
Galpin returned to England for good in
1897, was president of the U.M.F.C. in
1900, and has since his return to Eng-
land, been stationed at Clitheroe, New-
castle, and East Ham, in the London,
Forest Gate Circuit, of which he is now
superintendent. The last honour which
he had conferred upon him was the
chairmanship of the London District last
year. He is an indefatigable worker, a
never-grumbling toiler for his Master.
6. Rev. James Brown was born at
Rochester in 1828. He went to Sierra
Leone, but his health soon failed, and
he returned to England. He travelled
in the Runcorn, Brigg, Tonbridge,
Fakenham, Holt, and Wisbech Circuits.
While returning from an appointment in
1878, he was thrown from his convey-
ance, and almost instantly died.
7. The Rev. John Hinds went from
Packington Street Chapel to North
China in 1878, to which field of labour
he and Mrs. Hinds recently returned for
their 3 5th year of service.
8. The Rev. T. M. Gauge went to•
China from Earlsmead, Tottenham, in
1909. As the Echo has told us, he was׳
recently married at Wenchow. He is
doing magnificent work in that Mission.
9. Mr. F. Mimmack also went from׳
Earlsmead as an agricultural mission-
ary to East Africa in 1911. After be-
ing engaged at Ribe and Mazeras, on
the coast, he was chosen to accompany
the Rev. J. B. Griffiths in opening the
Mission at Meru. Here he is now la-
bouring, along with the Rev. R. T.
Worthington. Full details may be•
found in the Missionary Echo.
Olive A. Taylor.
Will some surviving relative send to theâ– 
Editor the photographs of the following in׳
the above list : John Myers (n), W. R. Fuller,
James Brown. The copies shall be duly

E have cheering tidings from
Dr. Baxter of the gradual re-
turn to health of Miss Armitt.
Miss Turner also writes:
â– 1.She is now making definite progress.
She has been out in the open air for the
first time to-day (January 13th). This I
know you will rejoice to hear, for she has
had a very severe illness.”
Mr. Hudspeth wrote when they were in
the midst of preparations for Christmas.
“We are expecting nearly 3,000 people,
all of whom will sleep on our compound;
which is worth ^)1,000, and towards which
we have probably received yClOO from the
Home Committee. To-day we have come
in from the Kopu, and they tell us that the
people are coming, not in hundreds but in
thousands, yet you at home are so debt-
ridden that you cannot help us.”
The words in italics are ours. We cannot
imagine any one who is not moved by
such words as these from West China.
Mr. Griffiths reports himself safely at
Mazeras. He arrived about Christmas.
He had a fine passage, but started his
voyage with a bad cold, and did not get
rid" of it easily. Mr. Bassett and many
of the people met him. He was looking
for the appearance of Miss Mackee, the
future wife of Mr. Worthington. She
sailed January 22nd, and we had the
pleasure of seeing her off from Water-
loo, as representing the Secretary.
A sermon by the Bishop of Uganda
appeared in the Christian World Pulpit
for January 28th. It throws much
light on the great and noble work of the
C.M.S. :
“From one little centre, where one man
lived alone five-and-thirty years ago, the
work has spread out until we have a great
body of native members numbering some
90,000. ... Of the twenty county
chiefs not one is a pagan : thirtv-five years
ago every one was pagan. There are nine-
teen of them Christian, and one Moham-
medan. All the government of the country
has passed into Christian hands.”
A correspondent quotes in the “ Spec-
tutor ” the following from the corres-
pondence of the late Bishop French, of
L ah o r e:
“ Those dear, good, American Mission-
aries (Presbyterian) and Professors will sit
. much nearer to the Lamb at His Supper
Table, I believe, than I shall, and I should
blush if admitted there, to think that I had
warned them off the Eucharistic table on
This review holds its position well.
This time there are articles on Japan,
Sweden, Norway, in some phase of
Christian or social work. A feature of
the reviews is that there is often a
contribution in French or German ; this
number has one in each language. (Jan.,
2S. per annum.)
Missionary secretaries should know
that a new handbill has been prepared
for reverse printing. It is not given
away, as the leaflets sent out annually,
but is sold at a nominal price. The local
printing may be done at the Magnet
Press, if desired. Specimen and prices
may be obtained of the Editor of the
ECHO, or at The Magnet Press.
Lap tern and Costume
We deeply regret to announce that
the Rev. R. Brewin is seriously ill, and
cannot deal with any correspondence re-
luting to this department.
Mr. T. H. Simpson, 18 Leicester
Road, Loughborough, his kindly con-
sented to act for Mr. Brewin for the
time being, and friends requiring slides
or costumes are requested to apply to
him.. The costumes and curios have
been booked up to May 21st, so that
further applications cannot be granted
till after that date.
C. Stedeford,
Foreign Secretary.

More “Jourpeyipgs
ip Nosulapd.
(See pp. 176 and 204, 1913.)
THE end of our previous journey
found us back at the “ Universal
Spring.” Three days’ breathing
time is allowed and then, on a Friday
morning, Zammy, looking as sulky as
a bear with the toothache, is saddled,
and given an extra feed.
Old Sol has not been seen for nearly
a month now. It is rumoured that he
is suffering from frostbite and chilblains.
A few days ago the temperature fell
over zero and has not recovered yet.
The whole countryside is disporting it-
self in the latest fashions from the South
Pole, and the wind is bawling about his
travels among the Eskimos. Apart
from these trifles, however, the weather
is perfect.
Our destination is only six miles
away, so we take things in a leisurely
manner. Arrived, we find that the
people have not been notified. The
message we sent a few days ago has
not been delivered. So we go on to the
next station, getting in just after dark.
We are not expected, of course, until
to-morrow. However, our “ apartment "
which until to-day has been utilized for
a stable, pigsty, and oher unsavoury
uses is soon swept and garnished, and
we are ushered in. Here in this damp
odoriferous atmosphere we spend Friday
night, Saturday and Sunday, but make
no pretence of liking it. By Sunday
evening we begin to feel the benefit of
our environment and, though sitting near
a roasting fire and wearing garments for
two, we start shivering like a frightened
jelly. Ague, that old established friend
of the Nosu, has paid us a visit, and
when it comes there is neither time nor
inclination to attend to anything else.
On Monday morning we continue our
journey through the snow to the house
of a rich Nosu who has been in touch
with the Gospel for several years. In
spite of this his idols are still occupying
the most honorable places in his home.
So we say to him, “Well now, Mr. Loh,
since you say that you know the Gospel
and believe in it, why do you still keep
your idols up?” He replies, with a
laugh, “ Oh, well, if I took my idols
*׳״*L By tl>c Rev.
down, all the people of the district
would make a laughing-stock of me.”
Could candour further go ?
The next day we proceed, and after
a miserable journey through snow and
ice we reach the house of a well-to-do
Nosu who is being used by the Man-
darin as a local official. Now for deep
craft and all subtlety, commend me to
the Chinese ; but for bloodthirsty piracy,
commend me to the Nosu. When, how-
ever, you meet with a Nosu who has had
much intercourse with the Chinese and
imbibed some of their cunning, then be-
Tower outside Chaotong.
[Rev. S. Pollard.
ware! It is a sort of tiger-cum-snake
combination. Our host is a typical
example. Oily and full of soapy com-
pliments, he will talk on anything under
the sun, except the Gospel, and he will
not come within a mile of that. If the
conversation seems to be getting round
to anything connected with the Church,
he makes some excuse and slips away.
On the morrow we go on another
stage and reach a small Chinese city. It
happens to be market day, andi a great
crowd of farmers and pedlars jostle each
other in the same street of the city.
After finding an inn we go on the street
with the idea of preaching. One of the
most difficult things one is called on to
do is to stand up in front of a pro-
miscuous crowd and preach in Chinese.
It is almost preferable to pay a visit to
the dentist. Very few foreigners have

More “Journeyings Oft” in Nosuland
visited this place, and so we are re-
garded as a curiosity.
Having found a small elevation, we
make an attempt to preach. But the
clamour makes it impossible for more
than three or four people to hear. It
needs an extra large, double booming
foghorn to make any impression. So
after we have had a try to get a hearing
and failed and after Peter Wang, B.A.,
has had a similar experience, we desist
and commence to distribute a few tracts.
Then ensues a furious scramble. We
are surrounded on all sides by a crowd
who snatch at the tracts, pull at one’s
clothes, and keep up a constant shout of
“ Give me one ! ” Presently we make
our escape to the inn, but the crowd fol-
lows us still demanding tracts and
books. For the next six hours pande-
monium rules the proceedings. This
sort of thing is quite unexpected, and
the supply of tracts and Gospels is no-
thing like equal to the demand. Later
on in the day several people come and
say that they will join the church if we
will open a foreign school. This is
typical of the new China. Eager for all
that the West can give—except the
Next morning, almost before day-
light, the crowd arrives and will not be
satisfied with the statement that our
stock is sold out.
After breakfast, we move on to a dis-
trict a few miles from the city, where
there are some wealthy Nosu land-
owners. The first place we make for
upsets our calculations. The gentleman
sends a message to say that he is “ not
at home.” We go further on and try
again with the same result. Then we
get desperate and boldly invade a fine
well-built house where live two young
men, brothers, one twenty-two years
old and the other slightly younger. The
elder of the two has spent some time at a
school, run on foreign lines, at the
capital of the Province. He therefore
considers himself to be vastly superior
to anyone else in the neighbourhood and
in no way inferior to a foreigner. He
does not make a great show of enthusi-
asm on our arrival, in fact he is quite
icy. After some conversation he thaws
considerably and extends quite a press-
ing invitation to us to stay the night.
We declare most emphatically, that we
could never think of such a thing, we
would never presume to, we have no
manners, we do not understand eti-
quette, we shall put him to great incon-
venience, we shall delay his business
(his daily round consists of eating,
drinking, smoking and sleeping) ; oh no !
we should be ashamed to put him to so
much trouble over such unworthy people
as we are! He, on his part, as strongly
maintains that our stay will confer un-
thought-of honours on his disreputable
cottage, it will be the most fortunate
thing that has ever happened to him in
his life, he would die with shame if he
allowed us to go without offering us his
rude hospitality. After a few minutes
of this pantomime, we reluctantly (?)
consent to stay, with many protestations
signifying our utter unworthiness, while
all the time we are inwardly congratu-
lating ourselves that we have no need to
go back to the city to spend the night.
In the evening we hold a service and
our host listens to the preaching of the
Gospel with a half-amused half-disdain-
ful air. Next morning he buys two Bibles,
and we â– leave the house hoping that our
visit will not have been in vain. If we
can lay hold of this young man we shall
have secured a valuable recruit.
Our next march brings us to one of
our centres where live two families who
have been enquirers for several years.
They are looking forward to the ser-
vices of the morrow with a lively in-
terest. To-morrow they are to receive
baptism and become members indeed of
the church. To them it is one of the
great events of life, marking out the
distinction between the old life before
the Gospel came and the new life which
is the direct result of the Gospel.
At this place are some ironworks. If
old Tubal-Cain could be resurrected and
shown over some ironworks in England,
he might be slightly interested but that
is all. Should he, however, chance upon
these ironworks in Nosuland he would
go into transports of joy. ״ Aha ! ” we
can hear him' exclaim, " Aha! these are
the people for me. Just watch them!
They know how to work! Their
method of smelting iron is the method,
and I ought to know, since I, Tubal-
Cain, invented it!! ”

More “Journeyings Oft” in Nosuland
In the stable, which is separated from
our bedroom by a board partition, are
Zammy, a pig, and Mr. Wang’s mule.
During the night, to judge by the bang-
ing, snorting, grunting, and thumping
which went on, something special was
going on there. After lying awake for
a few hours, listening to the hubbub,
we came to the conclusion that the mule
was giving Zammy and the pig a course
of lessons in jiu-jitsu.
On Sunday four receive baptism, and
afterwards at the Lord’s supper, there
were fourteen present, seven being mem-
bers of the China Inland Mission and
seven members of the United Methodist
Monday morning sees us on the move
again. Wonder of wonders, the sun
breaks through and immediately every-
thing begins to look more cheerful. At
our resting place for Monday evening
there is as yet no church, but there is
one home where we are always wel-
come. In the evening a party of about
twenty gathers together for a service.
As usual, a fire is lit in the centre of
the room which turns the room into one
big chimney. For fuel there is fresh-
cut pinewood. Being damp, it sends up
columns of thick acrid smoke which
makes the eyes smart most painfully.
Mr, N'eh, B.A., and his
Nosu School,
The people sitting round the fire do not
seem to mind, but the preacher is not at
all accustomed to this atmosphere and
is soon reduced to tears, smoky tears.
So by special request, the congregation
faces round, the preacher takes his
stand at the other end of the room, a
door is left open so that the draught
shall take the smoke away from the
“ pulpit ” and the service proceeds.
The house is partly built of mud and
partly of wicker work. Our “ bedroom ”
is separated from the combined stable,
pigsty and cowshed by a wicker parti-
tion. The cold is most intense. We
double our sleeping rugs and pile all the
clothing we possess on top and still the
cold penetrates. We can now understand
the feelings of a refrigerator. But we
were unfeignedly glad when the cocks
announced the dawn.
Next morning, feeling neither amiable
nor energetic, we continue our journey.
It is not a long iourney to-day, only
about ten miles. Presently we arrive at
the house of a rich Nosu named Liu. He
is responsible to the Chinese Mandarin
for the good order of this district. Both
he and his wife are heavy opium
smokers. He is very anxious that his
six sons should receive a good educa-
tion, and is both able and willing to pay
for it if there was
the chance to get
it. There are
scores of Nosu
families in the
same Dredicament.
Mr. Liu closely
questions us as to
the possibility of
our opening a
Nosu Training
Institution. He
himself is not
greatly interested
in the Gospel as
yet. He appears
to take the atti-
tude that it will
be a fine thing for
the young people,,
but that he is too
old to change. -
lust near to Mr.
Liu’s house is a
high tower. We
[Rev. S. Pollard.

More “Journeyings Oft” in Nosuland
asked whether or not there were
people living inside. Yes, was the
reply, Mr. Liu’s old mother lives
there with twelve girls. As the or-
dinary word for a “ girl ” had been used
we were somewhat surprised and won-
dered whether it was some sort of girls’
school, a rare thing indeed.
So we asked our informant as to the
age of these girls and were told that
they would be about thirty-five years
old. Who said, “Too old at forty?”
“ But what are they doing in there ? ” we
further asked. “ Oh! they practise
vegetarianism and good works, was the
reply.” So far as we are concerned these
“vestal virgins” are welcome to all the
merit they can get by their good works.
If a sample of every sort of food procur-
able in Nosuland were to be put on the
table at one time, we fancy that most
readers of the ECHO would prefer to go
hungry. But if you are going to take
away everything which has, or has had,
life, and live on the remainder, then in-
deed you are worthy of a place in the
Buddhist Saints’ Calendar! Tor my
part I am going to take all that I can
get and remain a sinner.
These twelve virtuous maidens, with
their Mother Superior, paid us a visit
and took away a large quantity of medi-
cine, chiefly quinine and santonin,
which, however, they did not pay for.
If this is the sort of virtue acquired by
the practice of vegetarianism, all that
we can say is that we don’t think much
of it. We have always had a great
respect for any religion which teaches
the merit of paying our debts.
Another stage brings us to the house
of a Mr. An. He is not the Mr. Paul
An, B.A., our Nosu evangelist. This
Mr. An also holds the B.A. degree, but
did not get it as the result of an ex-
amination in scholarship as Messrs.
Wang, An, and Nieh, our three preachers,
did. He got his degree by passing a
certain sum of money to the authorities.
It has been rumoured, too, that this sort
of thing is known elsewhere!
This Mr. An is a wine drinker who
guzzles all the day and half the night.
The rest of the time he spends with his
opium pipe. After our arrival he fol-
lowed us round saying that henceforth
he was not going to drink any more
wine. We said that we didn’t believe
it. So he brought out the earthenware
jar (an empty one), in which the wine is
kept, and offered to make us a present
of it. Mr. Wang took it and smashed it
to pieces. The drunken old reprobate
then sneered at Mr. Wang and said,
“You think you have broken my wine
jar? Well! I can get another one for
a few cash.” “Yes!” was Mr. Wang’s
ready retort, “and some day you will
want to buy a new soul, but you won’t
get that for a few cash!”
The next day we descend a long,
steep hill, coming to a wide river _at the
bottom. At this crossing, even when
the river is low the water is usually three
feet deep. This is quite enough for
Zammy, or for any Chinese horse. As
the hills rise abruptly from the water’s
edge, it only needs but a few showers of
rain to bring the water up a foot. One
is always liable to be held up here for a
few hours and sometimes for days until
the water is low enough to permit of
crossing. There is no bridge, only two
or three long poles, which furnish a road
about twelve inches wide. When you
are crossing the poles (the bridge rather)
these poles have a way of sagging in a
most disconcerting manner, also of ris-
ing and falling with each step you take.
The effect of this, when you are sus-
pended about ten feet above the tor-
rent, and with only a few inches of foot-
ing, is exceedingly unpleasant, remind-
ing one of an old sailing tub in the Bay
of Biscay.
As this is a main trade route there is
a constant crossing and re-crossing of
packhorses with their drivers, and the
river takes an annual toll both of human
life and horseflesh. Yet the people will
not combine to build a bridge. Oh no !
“ If I put a penny towards building a
new bridge, someone who has not con-
tributed anything might get the benefit
of the bridge. But if I could ensure
that everyone who uses the bridge shall
contribute as much (or more) than I do,
then I. might be willing to consider the
matter.” The value of the horses and
goods, not to mention human lives,
which, in one year, are thrown away at
this crossing, would be almost sufficient
to build a substantial bridge.

More “Journeyings Oft” in Nosuland
Crossing the river and climbing the
hill we come to the home of Mr. Nieh,
B.A. Here we have a church and small
school.* The next day is Sunday, and
Easter Sunday, too. At the midday
service both the preacher and his con-
gregation were nearly perished with the
cold. Ten enquirers received baptism
and afterwards Mr. Wang congratulated
the new members on the fact that they
were Methodists and so were not com-
pelled to be immersed, on such a cold
day with an inch of ice on all the ponds.
On Monday we go forward to the
stage of the journey for which we are
most devoutly thankful. We are long-
ing to get to a house where there is some
attempt to keep things clean, and where
we can get a meal a 1’Anglaise,'instead
of a la Nosu.
The house we stay at is a wicker
house. Doubtless for the summer months
a most delightful residence, but just now
with a relentless north wind raging
over all the land and with snow falling,
we should prefer something with a little
less ventilation.
Next morning, after a night spent
with a most vicious attack of our old
friend, ague, we set off for home. We
could wish that there was an ambulance
here for our conveyance instead of flop-
footed Zammy. However, wishing does
no good, so, with an effort and several
sharp twinges, we climb into the saddle,
resolved that though the roads are as
slippery as glass, Zammy must carry us
all the way. If he falls down, why, he
must get up again. We have neither
energy nor inclination for walking. After
jogging along for a few hours we reach
the “Universal Spring” once more. So
ends our second trip.
We rest here for a week or so, attend-
ing to the business from the other
centres which has accumulated during
our absence, and then set our face to a
new district, stretching away to the
north-east, where, we are told, there
are large numbers of Nosu. There is
also a Chinese city which as yet has not
been evangelized.
But if you wish to hear of this journey,
and if the Editor can “ swallow ” any
more of this stuff, we will write about
it on a future occasion.
â– See Page 64.Ö¾ Ed.
«=§d> <=§•
April 27th.
Afternoon : HOME MISSIONS.
Rev. F. L. WISEMAN (Ex-President Wesleyan
Conference), Rev. J. MOORE, Secretary.
Chairman : Alderman Sir CHARLES WAKEFIELD,
Kt., J P., D.L. Speakers: The PRESIDENT, The
You can do more than Pray
you have prayed. But you
cannot do more than Pray
you have prayed.
W. B. MILLAR, New York.

Tlje Education of
Cbipcsc Girls.
HE education of girls has not
hitherto amounted to much in
practice, so far as the Chinese
themselves are concerned. The an-
cient saying has been, until the other
day at any rate, far more representa-
tive of Chinese thought and belief,
“ If a woman is without ability that is
her virtue.” It is true that they have
had school books for long centuries for
girls, teaching them to read and under-
stand their various social and domestic
duties; and Pan Chao, sister of the
historian Pan Ku, who flourished in the
first century of our era, has rendered
her name famous as the authoress of a
favourite textbook for girls, used in
their education for nearly two thousand
years. And Pan ,Chao, with others of
the women of antiquity, are held up as
models for all succeeding generations.
A girl’s lot in China is not the most
enviable. She has no welcome on her
entrance into this world. She is not
prayed for, nor longed for, nor received
with effusive demonstration. She is
scarcely reckoned in the family census.
In some parts if you ask a man how
many children he has, he will probably
reply two, when, as a matter of fact, he
had five. But when he spoke of chil-
dren he meant sons, the daughters he
did not count.
For their little boys they find all kinds
of fancy names, but often the little girl
has to be content to be known as No. I
or No. 2 or “ slavey.”
Infanticide has been charged against
the Chinese as showing their want of
natural affection; and though it does
not exist in the North to the same ex-
tent as in the South, it is‘׳.to be met
with in most parts, and is owing, a good
deal, to the poverty of the people. But
what I want to point out is this, that
the victims of the unnatural practice are
almost invariably girls. And in a time
of famine or distress, it is always the
girls that are parted with or sacrificed
Domestic slavery is still an institution
of China! but seven-tenths, at least, of
the slaves are girls, as the Chinese
themselves admit.
By tl>e
In the North these slaves are, as a
rule, fairly well treated. I have, how-
ever, known of cases of brutal cruelty;
but unless it shocks public sentiment too
much, nothing whatever is done to the
master or mistress of the poor friendless
Then, at an early age, the girls’ feet
are bound. This is done in the follow-
ing way. The toes, with the exception
of the big one, are doubled underneath
the feet and tightly bandaged. The
process is a most painful one, and often
the toes decay and drop off; and at the
age of maturity the foot is said to
present an appearance as if the fore part
had been amputated, and the remaining
portion swollen to an unnatural size.
The reform in this respect so far
only touches the outer fringe; but we
hope the cruel practice is in a fair way
to be done away with, and the next ten
or twenty years will see a great change
in regard to the practice, even among
the agricultural people, who, more than
others, stick to old customs. The of-
ficials have been very insistent upon the
doing away with the practice, and
thanks to their efforts, nobly assisted by
the Chinese newspapers, the end aimed
at is in a fair way of being realized. It
will be readily understood, therefore,
that hitherto girls have been seriously
handicapped in the race of life as com-
pared with their brothers.
For it is not only that they were
crippled, they were also uneducated.
We look a few years back, and girls’
schools in China were almost an un-
known quantity outside the missions.
But China has travelled a long way on
the path of reform, and nowhere is the
advance of thought more evident than in
the education of girls, for there are now
girls’ schools in most of the cities. And
in these girls’ schools unbinding the feet
is made a condition of entrance. The
curriculum not only includes the Chinese
classics, but subjects hitherto altogether
outside ; as arithmetic, geography, and
history of other countries, to which is
added physical drill. The methods also
are changed, so that instead of com-
mitting to memory and repeating their

The Education of Chinese Girls
lesson to the teacher with their back to
him, the teaching is after a fashion that
neither they nor their fathers ever
knew—the lesson being explained by
the teacher while the children are
grouped in classes. In view of the in-
creasing number of boys’ national
schools, the question arises whether it is
needful for us to continue these boys’
elementary schools. But that time is
not yet, so far as the girls are concerned.
The missions must for years to come
take the lead in this branch of educa-
tional work, even as the initiation came
from them.
In trying to bring themselves into
line with Western civilization there is a
danger of going too fast: and getting
too far ahead of the people they are
trying to benefit. And in such case
much of the labour must be to little pur-
pose. A short time ago there was an
account of a marriage of two young
Chinese in Shanghai in European style,
and decked out in foreign garments,
which was bad taste, to say the least
of it.
Anent this some of the Chinese in
council passed the following resolution.
“ Resolved that it is not advisable to
adopt free marriage at present.” That
is, marriage as arranged between the'
young people themselves, without the
intervention of a third party or go-be-
tween. The proposer in his speech
goes on to say:
“ That as China is a patriarchy, the head
of the family being held responsible for
the deeds of its members, it is only natural
in the interests of the family for the head
to see that the proper bride is selected, and
introduced into the family. . . . For
the Chinese to imitate the foreign custom
is like the crow imitating the peacock by
putting the latter’s feathers on her own
back. She found no comfort, neither
satisfaction, and was not respected by
either party. So with marriage in foreign
style—it ill suits the Chinese atmosphere.”
Fine work has been done in the edu-
cation of girls by other missions. In
case of some institutions the education
has not only been along ordinary lines,
but also special professional training has
been given in (e.g.) medicine. One writer
“Among the present-day developments
of Mission work there is nothing’ of greater
importance than the training of Chinese
young women in Western medicine. The
field for such when properly qualified is
a •large one.”
And that the Chinese appreciate such is
evident from the fact that years ago in
Canton where, such a school was started
the Chinese in the neighbourhood, to
show their appreciation of the work, sub-
scribed £300 towards the erection of
the women’s hospital. And now the
Chinese having entered upon the path of
“During the Revolution, and after the abdication of the Manchus, Chinese
girl3 adopted a new style of hair-dressing. It has since died out.”
[Photo : Miss Murfitt.

The Education of Chinese Girls
reform have in one line at least gone be-
yond their teachers ; for at Wu Chang
a short time ago a Law school for
women was opened, with accommoda-
tion for nearly one hundred students.
In this work we have in North China
at last brought ourselves into line, and
our Laoling Girls’ School, of which we
are justly proud, will compare favour-
ably with any for its efficiency and dis-
cipline. And these are achievements
hard to win, and have underlying them
in their daily routine work much strain
and worry. For it is not easy at all
times to enforce discipline and cleanli-
ness in the school. The Chinese in their
ways are so different from us, and
cannot much understand our laying
such stress upon mere matters of
detail. It is hard to impress upon
girls, coming from such homes as
they do, that they must be order-
ly and cleanly in their persons and
habits. And it is not alone the scholars
that are at fault in these matters: the
matron even does not see things from
our point of view. “ On one occasion,"
said a lady teacher, “ I drew the matron’s
attention to a very untidy cupboard,
when all she answered was, ‘ I am al-
ways telling them to keep the cupboard
door shut so thatyou cannot see inside.’ ”
I remember on one occasion going
with my wife to inspect a girls’ day
school which we had in Laoling. There
were very few scholars present in the
school, so I asked to see the attendance
register. Judge of our surprise when
we found that the attendance was en-
tered up in the register some days in
advance. The teacher was well ahead
in this one respect at least. Dislike of
detail had induced her to have a good
spell of marking when she was at it.
Many of the girls make good students,
apt and acquisitive. Though not to the
same extent as in Western lands yet we
do find a slight danger from the exces-
sive demands of modern education.
Boys are said to be protected in some
measure from these excessive demands,
by a certain amount of healthy lazi-
ness ; but girls, more conscientious, run
a bigger risk of being tempted into the
desire to rival or surpass the other sex.
And this except in a small degree is
mot good.
China needs to have her girls edu-
cated, not precisely along our lines, but
more along their own lines, that they
may fill the part assigned them in life
faithfully, efficiently, and with becom-
ing grace and dignity. New branches
of industry and new callings in life are
opening up to the woman of present-
day China. Hitherto they have been
severely handicapped in the race of life.
The conditions under which they have
lived their lives do not approximate at
all to those which govern our exist-
ence. There have been no branches of
industry to which a young woman could
turn for a livelihood ; and if she gets be-
yond the age of 20 and is not married,
those who have charge of her interests
begin to get desperate. There is reason
for believing that these conditions are
changing, and that in school work and
medicine, as well as in some industrial
enterprises and other lines, women will
at no distant date take their rightful
place. But this is impossible without
education. At present, therefore, the
emphasis must be here.
But that is not by any means the
whole of the case. The great result
aimed at, and, in many instances
achieved, is to bring the girls to know
and love Jesus. In many cases they
get a strong intellectual and spiritual
grasp of the truth. During the siege of
Tientsin in 1900, I was one day pass-
ing through the yard where the Chinese
Christians, with their families were shel-
tered, and above the din of the bom-
bardment I heard one little girl inside
the mat-shed singing to herself. And
she was singing these words, “ Shang Ti
Ssii wo ti Shang Ti” (God is my God).
She knew even in adversity and danger
in whom was her trust.
Many of those educated in our schools
become useful workers in the church:
for they begin in their school-days. A
short time ago I was at one of our small
county stations. It was in the middle
of a working day, and most of the
members were out at their work or away
at the market; only a few old people
were there for a short service, the oldest
over 80 and the youngest 60. I said
“Wnatshall we sing? ” Theyreplied “Sing
‘ Jesus loves me! this I know,
For the Bible tells me so. ”

Are the “Heathen” Happy?
This had been taught them by the little
girl of the family who is a scholar in
Miss Turner’s school, when home for
her holiday.
At another place where two or three
of the girls had once been scholars in
the mission school, the cleanliness and
orderliness of the home are striking.
And it is always a pleasure to the mis-
sionary to visit the church in their
home: the orderliness of the service,
and the deep reverence of spirit, all pro-
duce a lasting impression. The influ-
ence can be traced all through the church
These, and other instances which
might be •given, prove that the educa-
tion of girls is an important branch of
our mission work.
It was the evening hour and the lady
doctor had lifted upon her knee the baby
of the ward, a deserted girl, whose
mother, having tried in vain to sell
her, left her behind as a worthless im-
pediment. Another little girl seeing the
child nestling close to the missionary
stepped out of her bed and crept up to
the pair, and, taking the lady’s hand
in hers laid it on her own head, and ut-
tered the wistful cry : “ Love me too."
What is this but the cry, uttered or un-
expressed, of every little girl in those far-
off lands to-day• .They are hungering
for love. And in the case of those who
come under our care this ever is the
aim: to make love—human and divine
—the great power i« their lives.
Are the “ Heatbep ” Happy ?
We still hear the statement made by some
\vho disparage missions that the heathen
are “ happy as they are. If so, why not leave
them alone ? ”
Replying to this statement and question,
Dr. Hertslet (South Africa) says :
“Let the man who labours under this de-
lusion visit the middle of a large native
kraal. Let him sit down on a dirty mat, by
a smoky fire, in an unventilated heathen hut.
Let cockroaches and other creatures crawl
over him; let him see and feel the greasy
skins and blankets worn by day and night.
Let him sleep a night in such a place and
then report. Let him hear the cursing that
puts English bad language in the shade. Let
him learn the filthy customs common to
men, women, and children. Let him wal-
low in all the ‘ morals ’ of polygamy. Let
him see the utter laziness and selfishness of
the men, the ignorance and dirt of the
women, the neglected condition of the chil-
dren. Let him attend a ‘ beer drink ’ or
native wedding, and see heathenism in all
its naked ugliness and grossness. And then
let him say honestly if he still holds the
delusion that the heathen are ‘ all right as
they are.’
“ But even if the ‘ heathen ’ were as care-
free and contented as a well-fed and un-
abused dog, would that be a sufficient reason
for letting them alone. Yes, if man is only
an animal; but, No, a thousand times NO,
if man is made to be like his Creator; if
Jesus Christ, the Son of God came to give
life and immortality to mankind; if it be
true that ‘ there is none other name given
under heaven among men whereby we must
be saved. ’ ”
A friend wrote and asked me about “the
Chinese Christians —before and after.
Were they happier ? ”
This Photo is of Mr. Yieh, one of our pioneer
Christians, a man of the Hebrews xi. type—and'
happy. I wish you could look into his keenâ– 
merry eyes and catch the light of his smile.
T. M. Gauge,-×´

kE are pleased to get the follow-
ing very interesting letter,
which Mrs. Bassett, of East
Africa, has sent through Mrs. Eayrs, in
which, after some allusions to her severe
illness, she says:
I had had nearly six .months of
malarial fever. I began to feel there
would be nothing for it but a return to
England. But I am glad to say a
change of scene and climate put new life
into me. With the exception of an at-
tack of gastritis, which kept me between
the blankets for about a week, I have been
in far better health for several months.
We spent our holiday right away in
cloudland, being nearly 8,000 feet above
sea-level. We hardly caught a glimpse
of the sun, although staying on the
Equator. The nights were so very cold
that we were glad of a big roaring log-
fire in our bedroom. Here we never
need a fire except in the kitchen, and
that is always away from the house.
The heat just now is scorching, and there
is worse to follow, for the months of
January and February are always the
hottest. It is the time for the second
rains of the year, but there are no signs
of their coming. Our natives are fear-
ing that there will not be any Indian
corn to reap this season.
To their simple minds it is difficult to
believe that God is good when He re-
fuses to send rain. We shall be glad for
their sakes, as well as for our own, if it
does come. If these rains should fail we
shall have to wait until next April or
May, and that spells a famine in a short
time. There has been a great deal of
sickness at the coast this year—small
pox, bubonic plague, cerebro-spinal
meningitis, and measles. Two of our
Ribe native Christians were victims of
small-pox. The wife visited a case at
Mombasa and caught the disease. Her
husband nursed her back to convales-
cence and then took the disease and
died. At Jomvu, where we have a mis-
sion station, and where there is also a
Mohammedan town close by, there has
been a unique thing. Forty Moham-
medans died, either from plague or
meningitis and not a single Christian was
affected, although many of them passed
daily through the Mohammedan town.
One of our Christian girls here said that
our people escaped because they were
Christians. I was afraid some of our
people might get it, but they did not.
When we were on holiday we attended a
United Missionary Conference.* It
was a pleasure to meet some English
and American women. For a whole
year I had only spoken to one white
woman. I was not alone in this experi-
ence, for others had been away in
spheres as lonely. You will have read
all about the sad death of our industrial
missionary, Mr. Northon, and I feel sure
that in W.M.A. circles we have been
often remembered in the hour of prayer.
It came as a great shock to us. It must
have been a heavy trial for his aged
father and for the aunt who brought him
up, and of whom he often spoke.
For four months we have been the
only missionaries here and we have been
busy. My husband has had to take
control of our large plantations, besides
looking after the native teachers.
We have never worked so hard in
Africa before, but God has given us
strength day by day. I do not find my
life lonely or monotonous here. I have
too many things to do to admit of that.
Of late I have often been on the station
alone for my husband has had frequent-
iy to go to Mazeras and Mombasa, and
then I do all the dispensary work and
anything else that I am able. I never
know when I get up in the morning
what I shall have to do before evening.
A little while ago a child came to our
dispensary for medicine, and when I
The now famous Kikuyu Conference.—Ed.

The Work of Our Women’s Auxiliary
examined her I found her little body in a
terrible state. She is a motherless tot,
and has a worthless father who has put
her to live with a blind woman! She
has a recollection of her mother, and
often when she has been hungry or in
pain the other natives have heard her
calling to her late mamma to come and
take her to her old home. Her mother
was most devoted to her children when
she was alive, and this little girl misses
her so much.׳ I saw at once that if I
were to help her I must begin by giving
her a good cleansing. I got a native girl
to help me, and we put her in a big bath
with plenty of hot water, and we didn’t
spare the 15 per cent, carbolic soap.
(Mr. Eastwood, of Manchester, very
kindly got this for us from a friend of
his.) I do not think she will soon forget
her first real bathi When we had done
you would scarcely have thought it was
the same child, and she looked quite
bonny. She has such a sweet little face,
and big piercing eyes, that no one could
help loving her. I had a piece of red
cloth by me that came in Miss Stacey’s
parcel, and I wrapped her in this, and
she looked ever so pretty. She comes
to see me now several times a day, and
nothing pleases her better than to sit
and watch me. I have taught her to
wash herself and I take care to see she
does not go hungry. To-day I gave her
seven bananas, and in a few minutes she
had eaten the lot. An English mother
would think twice before giving her little
child so many at once,, but this little
missy is a negress. My husband asked
her last Sunday if she would like to come
and live with us at the Mission House
altogether? She did not see that he
was joking, and her little face lit up with
such a sunny smile as she said very em-
phatically that she would. We left her
on the verandah as we were going for a
walk. When we returned at sundown
we found her rolled up in her little cloth
and fast asleep. She looked so disap-
pointed when we roused her and told her
that she must go home.
Most of the little girls here have very
attractive faces, and if only they had
white skins they would be called pretty
children. The tiny babies are not at all
handsome, but just the opposite. Some
time after I came a little girl was born in
the town, and the parents wanted it to
be named after me. I called to see the
mother and new arrival. The baby was
three days old and the mother was about
her duties as usual!! She brought it
out for me to see with great pride. I
can’t tell, of course, how I looked, but
the child was so very unlovely that I was
unable to say anything. I thought I
had never seen anything so repulsive,
and there was the mother smiling upon
it as if it were an angel. Perhaps, after
all, it is a kindness for love to be blind.
That most unpromising baby has de-
veloped into a sweet little girl. She is
one of my many callers, and her little
prattle is ever so pretty. I am about the
only white woman she has ever seen, and
my clothes and hair and the pictures in
the house are all wonderful to her. She
has a great liking for my mirror! White
or black, red or yellow, our sex is the
same everywhere, isn’t it ?
Since my return I have had sewing
classes for the school-girls and a crotchet
class for the women. An English lady
traveller from Newnham College, Cam-
bridge, was here in August, and when
she saw the lace they were making
asked me to get them to make some for
a friend of hers in New Zealand. They
learn very quickly. EMILY BASSETT.
[See also Mr. Hinds’s article, pp. 67—70.
Mrs. Eayrs reports that:
The “Young Helpers” of the Hands-
worth Church, Birmingham, have formed
a branch of “ The Rose Bower,” and are
already working for China and Africa.
“When I survey the wondrous
“ Jesus, Lo.ver of my soul.”
Scripture: Isaiah lix. 16—21.
For Miss Armitt’s recovery.
For the loyal service and un-
remitting toil of W.M.A. workers.
For signs of growth in the branches.
For a general outpouring of the
Spirit in our Churches at home and
That the native Christians may be
kept true to their professed faith in
Jesus Christ.

may not fall and perish through neglect. Pour forth Thy sanctifying
Spirit on our fellow-Christians abroad, and Thy converting grace on
those who are living in darkness. Through Him who died for us,
and as we remember at this Easter time, rose again for us all.”
Bishop Mi! man, 1816•
Tlje Rev. W. E.
Sootbill, M.A.
*HE United Methodist Church has
much reason to be proud of her
staff of missionaries in China.
Candlin, in North China, Soothill, of
By the
Wenchow, and Pollard, of Yunnan, are
representative of the three widely
separated centres of the Celestial Em-
pire where our work is being done.
Lecturers and Students at gueen’s College, Oxford. [Mason, Oxford.
[Series arranged by the Board of Study for Missionaries.
Mr. Soothill is in second row, fifth from left.}
April, 1914.

The Rev. W. E. Soothill, M.A.
They are also finely emblematic of the
enrichment and strength which we
gained by the Union of the three de-
nominations in 1907, for each uniting
church brought one of these centres into
The Rev. W. E. Soothill, M.A., F.R.G.S.
[As he appeared in “ The World's Work,” with biography, October last.]
the embrace of the United Church.
Moreover, our Mr. Candlin has the
unique distinction of being the first
doctor of divinity of Peking University;
Mr. Soothill was the second Principal of
the Imperial University of Shansi, and
for his literary work in China has re-
ceived the M.A. of Oxford University;
and Mr. Pollard is recognised by a wide
public as a bril-
liant writer on
Chinese topics.
By a singular
coincidence each
of this noble tri-
umvirate has la-
boured in his
respective corner
of the vast vine-
yard some thirty
The subject of
our sketch was
born in Halifax
in 1861. He is
the son of Wil-
liam Soothill, an
honoured local
preacher in the
Church. In this
church the young
missionary was
brought up along
with his younger
brother Alfred,
whose successful
career as Prin-
cipal of Ashville
College is a
happy parallel to
his own success
in China. Quite
early in his career
he began to serve
his Sunday
School in various
ways. Working
in the town as a
shorthand clerk
he cherished the
ambition of be-
coming a solici-
tor, and to that
end directed his
studies. But the
coming of
Charles New to Halifax changed the
line of his ambition. He heard New
*Actually 36 years, 32 years, 28 years. A
fine record !—Ed.

The Rev. W. E. Soothill, M.A.
describe in a missionary lecture on
East Africa the ascent of Kilima-
Njaro, whose snow-capped summit
gleams in the far distance to the
south of the Uganda Railway, and
which was first climbed by New him-
self.* This lecture was the occasion of
the kindling of missionary zeal in the
soul of the embryo solicitor, and led him
to turn his back on law and offer him-
self for service on our East African
station. As there was no vacancy there
just then, he was accepted for Wenchow
in 1882 to succeed the Rev. R. I. Exley,
whose death had closely followed the es-
tablishment of our Mission there.!
Thus China gained what Africa lost.
The closed door of the Dark Continent
turned his steps to the open door of the
more enlightened Far East. Surely
there was a providential influence at
work. Could East Africa have given
him anything comparable to the golden
opportunity which he found in China?
Thank God for closed doors which com-
pel us to find ampler spheres of service
better suited to our powers. C. H.
Spurgeon was rejected as a candidate
for the foreign field. Therefore he
stayed in London to speak to the whole
English-speaking world.} Livingstone
was rejected for China, but it was surely
because Africa needed him for a task
which he alone of all men could carry
out. Paul and Silas on their second
journey found a closed door barred
against their entrance into the province
of Asia When and how would the Gos-
*This is claimed by Dr. Hans Meyer in his
“Across East African Glaciers.” When this
book was reviewed in the Literary World in
1891 we fought the question, and it was stated
that Mr. New went to the height of 13,000 feet
while Dr. Hans Meyer ascended to 19,718. So
it was claimed that “the first successful ascent
of the ice-bound peak ” was Dr. Meyer’s. Of
course we admitted distance, but held that Mr.
New’s words suggested that he climbed to the
height of 16,000 feet. Leaving that, however,
we concluded thus :
“The sub-title of Dr. Meyer’s book still re-
mains, and this, however unintentionally, treats
as non-existent the adventures of Rebmann,
Von der Decken, Thomson, Johnston, and New.
At whatever sacrifice of rhythm, brevity, or eclat
it should have read 1 The first completely
successful ascent of Kil׳ma-Njaro.’ ”—Ed.
t See 1906, p. 129.—Ed.
4 See 1913, pp. 105 and 131,—Ed.
pel have come to Europe if that closed
door had not compelled them to makeâ– 
straight for Troas, where the vision and
the call of the man of Macedonia
awaited them? It was expedient that all
these messengers of the Lord should be
diverted from their first choice.
Mr. Soothill’s work was slow uphill
labour like all Christian work through-
out China, prior to the Boxer massacres
in 1900. Then began the marvellous
success which has multiplied four or five-
fold the number of native Christians in
the land. Wenchow, under Mr. Soothill’s
superintendence, shared richly in the
harvests whose seed had been the blood
of the martyrs—30,000 of whom had
been slain. The weakness of 1882 has
become the strength of 1914, for the
Wenchow district comprises more than
200 preaching places, over 10,000 ad-
herents, over 30 elementary schools, and
two middle schools or colleges, whilst
over 20,000 patients were treated by the
medical staff last year. The river Ow
flows through a hilly country with lovely
valleys opening into the main valley for
more than 100 miles. In these valleys
are the churches of the eight circuits
into which the district is divided. How
sweet the names of the circuits sound to
a Westerner’s ear—Cedar Creek, Green
Fields, Clear Music, etc! But sweeter
far are the lives which the love of Christ
has transformed in those circuits.
The work of superintending a thriv-
ing district has not prevented Mr.
Soothill from cultivating his faculties as
a student of Chinese literature and re-
ligion. His lively and shrewd humour
and love of humanity have made him
primarily a student of life; but his in-
tellectual bent and ability have made
him a specially equipped Chinese
scholar. In one of his several books,
XA Mission in China,” all his diverse
faculties come into play, and make the
book one of the very best introductions,
to Chinese life to be found in English.
As a scholar he has contributed to
Chinese learning the “New Testament
in the Wenchow Dialects,” the “ Chinese
Students’ Pocket Dictionary,” “ The
Analects of Confucius ” and “ The
Three Religions of China.” It is an
honourable record of diligent and com-
petent scholarship. His last book deals;

with the religions of China in a lucid
and interesting fashion, and consists of
lectures given at Oxford under the aus-
pices of the University.
It is natural that with such a record as
the one outlined above Mr. Soothill
should be singled out by that great mis-
sionary statesman, Dr. Timothy Richard,
to be Principal of the Imperial Uni-
versity of Shansi—a university which
was instituted by the Chinese Govern-
ments as an act of restitution for the
crimes of the Boxer outbreak. Soon
after the expiration of his term of
office, he was selected as Principal-De-
â– signate of a new Christian University,
which it is proposed to establish at Han-
kow—the great commercial centre of
â– China. This proposal to establish such
a University is exactly similar to the
movements in India to transform the
Baptist College at Serampore, founded
by Wm. Carey in 1816, into an unde-
nominational University, whose main
object will be to complete the education
of graduates in a Christian atmosphere.
The reason for this step in both China
and India is that those countries are fol-
lowing the example of the West and es-
tablishing secular Universities to which
the youths of our Mission schools are
drawn, and where they drift away from
the Christian faith.
Whatever the future has in store for
Mr. Soothill we rejoice that he is one of
our missionaries, equipped to face the
needs of rapidly-changing China, and
ready to follow wheresoever his Master
will lead along the path of service for
that great people to whom he has so
long been devoted, and whom he long
since learned to love.
*=§=» <=§=> c§e»
-“He sat upon it ” ! On the sealed stone,
With face like lightning, and a robe of
An angel-king enthroned! No muttered
Escaped his lips ; but message of delight :
“Christ Jesus lives”!
The seal is broken, Rome’s best soldiers
Behold her “ watch ” no better are than
*Outside the tomb the angry earth did
Within lay clothes, and napkin for the
“Christ Jesus lives”!
־Who rent the rich man’s cave, and Satan
Has not the kingdom of Messiah come?
Has not the Lamb of God the grave des-
He that was “led before His shearers
“Christ Jesus lives”!
The Marys, sad, rise with the dawn of
Yet, happy they who first the message
“ Come, see the place where the Redeemer
lay ”;
Who list the Lord’s “All Hail”l and
cease to fear,
Because He lives!
They hold Him by the feet, and worship
Until He bids them pass the news along
To Galilee—the trysting place—they go,
And echoes still the first glad Easter
song :
“ Christ Jesus lives ” 1
“The First fruits from the dead”—the
Blessed Lord !
What supposition this? What OTHER
grain ?
Oh, dare not doubt, my heart, the un-
erring Word :
Thou art included, thou shalt rise
again :
Thy Saviour lives 1
—Elizabeth Taylor.

To Extinguish our Debt !
By July, 1914.
Foreign Secretary’s
By tbe
Our Debt The month of February registers
Thermometer, the insignificant rise of only ^189.
This must not be interpreted as an
indication of inactivity or indifference. Circuits
are taking their part in the Debt Effort with most
commendable loyalty, and they assure me that the
fruit will appear in good time. Many have had to
accelerate their plans to bring them within the
time specified by the new condition, and they can-
not complete them much before the Conference.
At the same time, we must urge our friends to
speed up as far as possible, so that we may know
that our object is achieved some time before the
Conference arrives. Resist the temptation to de-
lay payment until the latest date. Unfortunately,
it is a general practice to defer the collection of
missionary subscriptions until near the end of the
year, and the present month will be occupied in
obtaining the ordinary income. The payments
for the debt may have to wait a while on that ac-
count, but we specially appeal to all our circuits to
pay in their quota at the earliest possible moment.
Our spirits will rise with the mercury in our ther-
mometer and we shall be able to prepare for a
great day of denominational thanksgiving and re-
Tbe Late A loving tribute is due to the
Rev. R. memory of the late Rev. R. Brewin,
Brewin. whose death has closed a life of
singular devotion to the cause of
missions. His soul was aflame with the mission-
ary passion and the fire burned with undiminished
intensity to the very end. His zeal for the work
abroad was the counterpart of his fervent evangel-
ism in the ministry at home. He spared no pains,
shrank from no toil, and regarded no expense, in
order to illustrate and expound the missionary
theme. He made every effort to present the sub-
ject effectively to children as well as to adults.
His success in preparing diagrams, collecting
curios, etc., caused the Foreign Missions Com-
mittee to seek his aid in forming a Lantern, Cos-
tume and Curio department in connection with our
home organization. During the years of his
superannuation, he gave himself to this depart-
ment with untiring zeal, a zeal all the more exalted
because his service was purely voluntary.

Foreign Secretary’s Notes
I visited him a few weeks before his
death when there was only a faint hope
that he would ever resume his work. His
mind was as calm as the unruffled sea
which mirrors the glory of the evening
sky. The worker was quietly resting
in preparation for a call to higher ser-
vice. Thus the workers pass but the
work remains. Every vacancy created
is a call to someone to fill the place and
continue the task. More missionary
enthusiasts of the type of the late Mr.
Brewin are wanted to take up and pass
on the torch that “ lights T ime’s
thickest gloom.”
Efficient One of the most hopeful
Organization, signs is the attention
given to the necessity for
efficient organization, both in dis-
seminating missionary information and
collecting missionary income. Investi-
gation shows that some circuits have
practically no missionary organization,
and sometimes there is little or no pre-
paration for the missionary anniversary.
The missionary obligation is not always
regarded as an essential part of the life
and work of the Church. Many of our
ministers and laymen are feeling acutely
the need of a deeper and truer mission-
ary spirit, a spirit which impels to evan-
gelism at home as well as to missionary
work abroad. It is the greatest fallacy
to imagine that work at home can bene-
fit by disregarding the claims of the
regions beyond. The same spirit am-
mates both forms of activity. Together
they flourish or together they decline.
It is the quickening of the missionary
spirit that is calling for more efficient
organization. Our financial embarrass-
ments will be a blessing in disguise if,
by compelling attention to missionary
questions, they produce a quickened
sense of missionary duty. Undoubted-
ly there is a rising tide of missionary
interest; through sacrifice, the United
Methodist Church is making her mis-
sionary heritage more truly her own,
and with intense and yearning purpose,
is preparing for advance both at home
and abroad.
Ningpo The Ningpo District
District Meeting was held on
Meeting. February 5 th and 6th,
and in addition to the
missionaries, was attended by sixteen
representatives of the seven circuits
composing the District. The Chair-
man, Rev. G. W. Sheppard, gave a
general survey of the work of the year,
and found several reasons for devout
thanksgiving. Notwithstanding the re-
duced number of paid preachers, the
work had been well sustained. The re-
maining preachers had been required
At I«o Dza, Inner -West Brook Circuit, Wenchow. [Rev. T. M. Gauge.

Exiled in April
to take oversight of a greater number of
churches; very valuable service had
been rendered by over sixty lay
preachers; and the elders appointed in
each Church had assisted in pastoral
oversight and business affairs. The
grouping of the Churches into circuits
had proved of value in promoting more
corporate life, had brought the lay
preachers and elders into closer associa-
tion, and had made possible more de-
finite effort towards self-support in each
circuit. The total number . of adult
members in the District was 1,274,
juniors 144, total 1,418, and inquirers
numbered 689. There had been 112
adult baptisms during the year, and 39
juvenile baptisms. Twenty-nine mem-
bers had been lost by death. One
pleasing feature had been the baptism
of five students from the College. Mrs.
Swallow had held a three-months’
school for women and girls, who had
gained much knowledge of Christian
truth and had progressed in reading.
Several of those who had attended had
been baptised. A new church had been
opened at T’ah-ling near Ziang-deo
which, gives promise of becoming well
established. The boys’ day schools and
the girls’ school had all been success-
ful, with an increased number of pupils.
At Si-hwo a boys’ school had been es-
tablished with 25 pupils.
The principle of self-support is con-
sistently advocated, and each circuit is
making progress in that direction.
Idol In a letter written at the
Burning. beginning of the year,
Rev. W. H. Hudspeth re-
ports fresh signs of the awakening in
Yunnan. He says, “ During the past
few days, I have been busy burning
idols. Now that the country is becom-
ing more peaceful, there seems to be a
steady turning to Jesus Christ amongst
the country Chinese. What the out-
come will be, we cannot foretell, but we
shall do our utmost to catch as many
fish as possible. Some time ago, after
I prayed at the burning of the idols and
paraphernalia of a devil driver, the
devil driver came to me, white with
fear, and said, ‘ Teacher, pray again
for me, for I have had a lot of dark
dealings with the devil.’׳ It is strange
what a power superstition exercises
over this virile nation. To gods of
paper, wood and brass, strong men will
kneel and women in pain will seek
them, coax them, sacrifice to them.
“ One of our most interesting converts
is a Szchwan man who had had four
wives, two of whom are still living. He
is a man of great strength, and before
he joined the Church, he was afraid of
neither heaven nor hell. Being the
headman of a very large district he has
very great power. Before the Revolu-
tion, he could even sentence a thief to
death. Since he became interested in
the story of the Cross, he has read
through the New Testament seven
times, and now he is studying the Old.
He knows by heart the chapter and
verse of many of the great truths and
he has an ingenious method of inter-
preting the Scriptures.
“ Last Sunday we had at our River-bed
Chinese Chapel a mandarin with a
number of his soldiers. He listened
intently to the preaching, and after the
service, we had a long talk about the
Eternal Truth.”
Exiled ip April.
(The Song of an Outgoing Missionary).
April in England! laugh of light
And play of clouds all rainbow-lit.
God’s exile from the happy sight,
I, at His word, go out from it—■
Go out, though English hills are green :
The everlasting hills, for them,
About my Father’s house are seen,
As round about Jerusalem.
O little flowers of lea and lane,
The English lane, the English lea,
When shall I pluck your like again,
Cowslip and wood-anemone?
Can I for alien flowers forego
Gems of mine own land’s coronet?
Yea 1 round my Father’s house will grow
Flowers of a country fairer yet.
The bow unto the cloud is sent :
The gain of loss can I discern.
Home, home by way of banishment 1
Singing the Exile shall return.
Then shall the future for the past
Make rich amends, and close at hand
My Father’s house be mine at last,
And, where He is, my Fatherland!
—S. Gertrude Ford.

Ii? Meipcrian?: Tl?c Rev.
Robert Brewip, 1842—1914.
Rev. R. Brewin
in 1910.
It falls to our lot again
to notice the decease of
an ex-Missionary Edi-
tor. The Rev. Joseph
Kirsop, the first .Editor
of this magazine, died
May 8th, 1911. The
Rev. Robert Brewin,
the last Editor of “ Wei-
come Words,” closed
his eager earthly career
[From conference on February, 24th, at Loughborough, in the
72nd year of his age.
His association with Missions was
close and vital. He was an excellent
illustration of how “ Home ” and
“Foreign” may be blended for every-
one’s advantage, and chiefly to the one
possessing the passion. He was an
evangelist in home work, and an en-
thusiast in foreign. He lived under
the domination of the ideal view—he
knew no difference—he wanted just to
spread the knowledge of Jesus Christ
throughout the world.
Following several sore bereavements
in his early manhood, he was called
upon to suffer another (and perhaps a
sadder, as she was his only remaining
near relative) in the death of his sister
Rebecca, who went to East Africa as
the wife of the late Thomas Wakefield
in 1870, and died in 1873.
We cannot say that this was the de-
termining factor in his development of a
sort of madness for Missions, but if it
did not start it, it deepened it and made
anything else unthinkable: and for 41
years he has been faithful to, and
thoughtful for, the men and women who,
like his beloved sister, give up all for
Christ in far fields of labour.
He was elected Missionary Editor in
1877. We have several volumes of “ Wei-
come Words” before us, and we can testi-
fy to their brightness and suitability for
young people. No better editor could
have been found, for though (unfor-
tunately) never married, he loved the
society of children and young people,
and they loved him. He continued this
congenial work for 14 years, and in
1891 the magazine was discontinued^
the Echo taking its place.
In addition to this form of happy
service to our missions Mr. Brewin was.
a prolific author. His first book wasâ– 
the Life of his sister, Rebecca Wake-
field, which has passed through four edi-
tions. It is a United Methodist classic.
It relies more upon its author than itsâ– 
subject, winsome woman though she
was, for she had only been a mis-
sionary for two years when she wasâ– 
stricken down. Testimony as to its•
chaste style has been freely borne.
His next book was “ Gospel Sermons■
for Children,” and he used to tell with
relish a story of meeting with a clergy-
man when on holiday, who, when some׳
one called him by name, asked him if
he was the author of the above. He
then admitted he' had been so struck
with the beauty of the sermon on “ The
Hand of Jesus ” that he had freely used
it. Then followed “ Sanctified Humour,"
a short, life of a useful but eccentric
Rev. R. Brewin in 1912.
[Smith• Loughborough.

Two Elect Ladies
minister—the Rev. J. W. Ackrill. Then
came his missionary books, in rapid
succession. “ The Martyrs of Golbanti ”
(1889) was a touching story of the
murder of Mr. and Mrs. Houghton, at
Golbanti. This was written by request
of the Foreign Missionary Committee,
as also “ In the Flowery Land ” (China),
and “Among the Palms” (West Africa),
and a short life of the first Mrs. Griffiths
of East Africa (1900). All these books
met a need at the time and are now out
of print. Later in his life, and in his
four short years of retirement mainly,
he devoted time and money to a bio-
graphy of the late Rev. James Caughey,
an evangelist of an earlier time, and it
is ready for the press. Beside all this
he was a frequent contributor to our
magazines, chiefly on missionary topics.
He had a long day’s work in the
ministry—46 years—and whatever were
the claims of his circuits he was faithful
to the smallest task, counting this his
true welfare and joy. He was “in la-
hours more abundant ” and few minis-
ters made more friends, and fewer have
so many sons and daughters in the Lord
throughout the world. Ministers,
Two Elect
*HE year 19x3 will be a memorable
one to many missionaries, their
wives and children also, in that
it removed from our midst two “elect
ladies ” of United Methodism—Mrs.
Robert Turner and Mrs. William Mai-
linson. They were friends during life,
and they were not long separated in
death. Both have left a “ felt want ”
behind, for their influence was the
growth of long years. Both were “ given
to hospitality,” and the world is less a
home, because of their departure from
I write as a missionary, and my
memory lingers lovingly over twenty
odd years, during which I could give
more than twenty instances of the kind
generous heart of Mrs. Turner. Dainty
and slight in appearance, gentle and re-
tiring in disposition she was large in
deaconesses, many of his relatives, and
people who have gone abroad acknow-
ledge him as their spiritual father.
“ This is the victory ” of a minister
of Christ.
We have no space to speak of our
own friendship for nearly 30 years, ourÖ¾
holidays together, and his influence׳
upon our life. It is suitable, however,
to say that the last time spent together
was the ten days at “Edinburgh, 1910,"
and it was a holiday indeed, verily a
“ feast of fat things.”
Robert Brewin is a fine illustration of
how a minister with little more than
average ability, may, by charm of per-
sonality, knowledge of his Bible, love to
Jesus Christ, a great spirit of helpful-
ness and indomitable energy, become off
eminent use in the Church of Christ.
“ Guided thus, O friend of mine!
Let us walk our little way,
Knowing by each beckoning sign
That we are not quite astray.
“Chase we still, with baffled feet,
Smiling eye and waving hand :
Sought and seeker soon shall meet,
Lost and found, in Sunset Land.”‘
J. E. S.
By Mrs.
her thoughtfulness for others, in waysâ– 
too, that rarely occur to the average
man or woman. A very formidable foe
was she also to disorder, and in every
particular, made of her house what a
fellow missionary would call “ a little
heaven below.” Yet it was one in which
she did not love to dwell alone. Mis-
sionaries and their wives were her
honoured guests, and there given of her
best. Even in her last illness, this
loyalty to our churches was paramount.
I had the joy of visiting her, and on re-
marking that some addition to the
guest-room had made it fit for royalty
she quickly replied, “ But I had rather
have one of our ministers in it.”
And I knew it was true. In what es-
timation she was held by those nearest
was shown by an incident which has
quietly lain in my memory for more

Two Elect Ladies
years than I can count. A boy was
seriously ill. What he craved for to
make him well was a visit from his aunt.
Away went Mrs. Turner, leaving a
houseful of guests, and all else, while
she sped on the errand of love and sym-
Rarely, I imagine, did a missionary
leave her roof without some gift for his
wife or children. To one of these was
once given a choice present for his chil-
dren. But accidents will happen, and
somehow it got left behind in the train,
and was heard of no more. Confession
had to be made, in response to which
came the charming rebuke of another
parcel—the exact duplicate—just to
â– show him what he had lost! Mrs.
Turner had a delightful way also of
commemorating events—as a girl I know
can bear witness. When she put her
fear aside and, at short notice, filled a
gap at a missionary meeting she, soon
after, received a memento she little ex-
pected, in the form of something that
went round her neck, and which can be
worn on high days and holidays! But
I must stop, Mr. Editor, pulling out
from my linen press these sweet spikes
of lavender, the perfume of which will
outlast me. Mrs. Turner was a good
friend to all good work, but the mission
cause lay very near her heart, and I
imagine the Rochdale W.M.A. knew
her well as a generous supporter. The
beautiful Denehurst grounds have been
constantly opened for the benefit of
both the W.M.A. and all Church work.
Perhaps it was as the mother of her
children that Mrs. Turner shone
brightest. She was devoted to their
every interest and one and all have
justified her confidence in them, and
have risen up to call her blessed. All
were able to gather round her as she
passed to the realms of the blessed, even
though it meant the hurried return of
one from the other side of the Atlantic.
Until late years Mrs. Turner was one
of the familiar figures at our annual as-
semblies, and often took with her a
friend to share the joys of that happy
meeting ground. At our last Redruth
Conference both Mrs. Turner and Mrs.
Mallinson were there to grace it by their
presence. How little we thought then
that both our friends would have passed
to the higher Conference before
Redruth’s turn should come again.
With Mrs. Mallinson, I was not so
familiar, but all I do know leads to the
conclusion that what I have said about
Mrs. Turner others could repeat of Mrs.
Mallinson. One incident I feel con-
strained to add, from personal experi-
ence. On a summer evening, years
ago, I went abegging to “ The Limes.”
Mrs. Mallinson was ill in bed, but in
spite of protests, got up to receive me.
I told my tale to both, and when I had
done—almost before the words were
out of my mouth, Mrs. Mallinson said,
“ Now, father, what can you do for
her ? ” She “ ran to my relief ” and
her attitude that day was the attitude of
her life, and the measure of her faith.
The passing away of two such women,
calls for recruits, though their places
will be hard to fill, for their power and
influence were won by years of devo-
tion. I look eagerly around, wish-
ful to find in the present genera-
tion, those who shall continue our
honoured traditions. So far as Free
Methodism is concerned we seem to
have but only a few “ elect ladies ” left.
Let us value and honour them while
they are still in our midst. With re-
gard to the future, if the times can
bring the man (as we say it does) then
a similar need can bring the woman.
April 27th.
Afternoon: HOME MISSIONS. 2.30 p.m.
Speakers: Revs. F. L. WISEMAN, B.A., OHN
MOORE, and R. W. GAIR.
Evening: FOREIGN MISSIONS. 6.30 p.m.
Chairman: Alderman Sir CHARLES WAKEFIELD
Kt., J P., D.L. Speakers: The PRESIDENT (Rev.

“Go ye — ”
Arp I included ?
By the Rev.
IE were strangers. We met in a
place far away from the
separated homes of either of
us. But we were drawn together by the
Gospel read devotionally at the domestic
morning service. That morning the
reading touched upon a controverted
phase of Eastern life. The Great Healer
was frequently brought into intimate
contact with it, always pitied it, and
never failed to cure it. My impression
was that this terrible phase of life, de-
moniacal, more of the mind than of the
body, and more of the soul maybe than
either, was peculiar to the East, and per-
haps peculiar to the ancients, and that
happily no such strange phenomenon
was observable in our own day.
“ You are mistaken,” said he. “ It is
still observable in China. I have seen
Then, in reply to my rather eager
questioning, I discovered that he was a
missionary from one of the central pro-
vinces of that vast empire.
Our conversation reverted to the
original topic. I wanted information—
evidence. He gave me both.
“ Have you read ' Pastor Hsi ’ ? ”
I confessed that I had not. In the ten
years since its publication it has amply
justified its issue, and may now be had
for the nimble sixpence. Morgan and
Scott are the publishers, and the writer
is Mrs. Howard Taylor.
He advised me to read it, and told me
that I should find in it further evidence,
more detailed information. I thanked
him ; and I should have been glad, if op-
portunity had been given me to renew
the thanks with interest after I had read
the book. It is a remarkable record of
Christian service, and a no less remark-
able portraiture of a wonderful man. I
pass on his recommendation, not be-
cause of the information and evidence
which I sought for, and found, within
its pages, but for other reasons, and
better. It is a very suggestive book—a
revelation of the working of the Gospel
leaven in the lump of a dense popula-
tion, redeeming it from its vices, and
quickening it into spiritual life.
Among other incidents in the book, I
came across the one that Dr. Horton
used so effectively as an illustration for
the closing of his interesting address at
our last Missionary meeting in the City
Temple. An old woman, convinced of
the truth, and living a good life, declined
nevertheless to be baptized, because, as
she said, how could she become a dis-
ciple of the Lord Jesus Christ when she
could not obey His command! Her ad-
vanced age, well over seventy, made it
impossible for her to “ go into all the
world and preach the Gospel to every
creature.” Simple and clear interpre-
tation was needed, and much affection-
ate and tender persuasion, to satisfy her
sensitive soul that she could justifiably
join the church, and remain among her
own people, and yet obey. The Saviour
said, “ Go ye-----and she felt, that, if
she became His follower, she would
have to go. She would be included within
the scope of the command.
Why not? We are all included.
When the Master said, “ Go ye ----------”
He meant them all to go. And that
word of His has never yet been lifted
from the conscience of a single disciple,
who, since then, has attached himself to
the glorious company of believers. We,
who are His followers, are all mission-
aries, treading in the steps of Him who
was the greatest missionary of all, even
though He was sent only to the lost
sheep of the House of Israel. We can-
not contract out. Am I included ? Cer-
Appeals are sent out occasionally to
students and probationers, and to minis-
ters in their earlier years of service, for
volunteers for the foreign field. A few
respond. Many are silent. Are they—
the silent—included within the sweep of
that majestic command upon which all
missionary appeals are ultimately based ?
Certainly. They—the silent—cannot
escape the compelling responsibility
arising out of that command. They are
His disciples also, and to them His
words are spoken; and, rightly con-
sidered, they must weigh as heavily with
them as with those who respond. Their

“ Go ye
Am I Included?
consciences must be satisfied, that, under
the searching light of the Holy Spirit,
the Divine Illuminator, they, too, are
ready and willing to carry out the Sa-
viour’s command.
Candidates for Methodist Colleges
are required to state on their application
forms whether their offer is for the
Foreign Field or for the Home service.
They can offer for both by using the
term—“ General.” After two years’
training an opportunity is given them
either to confirm the decision or revise
it—an excellent precaution in view of
the remainder of their training, and a
fairly safe guide in the selection of the
men best fitted for wide and varied
spheres of labour. But the majority,
who, after two years in College, still use
the term “ General,” or the more definite
term “ Home,” are not less responsible
than the others for the fulfilment of the
Great Commission. How can they be,
if they, too, are proclaimers of the
Evangel! Not one was exonerated of
all to whom the Risen Redeemer spoke
when He said, “ Go ye ---------- ” and not
one is exonerated now. As the Father
sent Him, so now He sends us, all of us,
to carry on the work which He began ;
and there is no distinction of responsi-
bility in this work between minister and
layman: we are all one in Him.
Dr. Len Broughton, one of the few
Americans who has taken charge of an
important and historic English Noncon-
formist pastorate, speaking some time
ago at. a missionary gathering in the
Memorial Hall, told how he had
struggled for eight years with a convic-
tion that his duty was to offer for the
China mission field. At last he had a
severe illness, followed by long con-
valescence, during which his resolution
came to a head. His medical adviser
derided the idea, giving him only twelve
months to live.
“Very well,” said he, “ if I have got to
die, I will die in China,” and he con-
tinued his preparations for the voyage.
“ When once I had given myself up to
to China,” he went on to say, “the
way was closed, and I was shown that it
was at home I was wanted. I saw the
explanation of that strange guid-
ance. I had to be ready, to be willing
to go to China before I could be of use
in America. You are never qualified to
preach at home till you have been will-
ing to surrender yourself to preach
The worthy doctor may be correct.
He is correct so far that each Christian
worker must settle for himself, seriously
find conscientiously, where his work is
to be done, whether at home or abroad ;
or, to put it differently, to place himself
under the Holy Spirit’s guidance, and be
ready to step after, nay, to step along-
side, the Holy Spirit, into whatever
field He may lead him ; and there, to all
who will listen, to make known the Sa-
viour’s love. Wherever he may be, he
is Christ’s ambassador, beseeching men,
in Christ’s stead, to be reconciled to
God. He cannot refuse this task. He
cannot resign this embassy. No one,
except the King whom he serves, can re-
lease him from the duty of regal repre-
sentation in that particular court of the
world where he may happen to be.
Two ideas emerge in explanation of
the equal pressure of Christ’s command
upon all His disciples.
First: In the mind of Christ, when He
gave the command, there was nothing
corresponding to our division of labour
into Home and Foreign. All the world
was Home to Him. We speak geo-
graphically of spheres of labour. He
knew only one sphere—all the world.
“ The world is my parish,” said John
Wesley, in the spirit of the Master ; but
the parish of John Wesley was more
restricted than His. It could not be so
spacious as His. For His was so
spacious as to transcend space. His
cure of souls broke all circumferences,
and gathered the whole race within its
healing mission. The most obscure
Chinaman, the most degraded negro, is
as dear to His loving heart, is included
as completely in His redeeming purpose,
as the proudest and most gifted intel-
lectual of the races of the West. Alas!
for the intellectual whose heart remains
untouched by the saving grace of the
Lord Jesus Christ! Home and Foreign
are merely departmental words, terms of
convenience merely, invented to meet
our poor necessities, to help out our es-
sentially local views; and they both
melt into nothingness in the white light