Citation
Missionary echo of the Methodist Church

Material Information

Title:
Missionary echo of the Methodist Church
Abbreviated Title:
Missionary echo
Creator:
Methodist Church (Great Britain) ( Author, Primary )
Place of Publication:
London
Publisher:
Andrew Crombie
Henry Hooks
Language:
English
Physical Description:
volume ; 31 cm

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Methodist Church (Great Britain) -- Missions -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
Methodist Church (Great Britain) ( LCNAF )
Missions, British -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
Missions, British ( LCSH )
Missions -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
衛理公會(英國) -- 宣教 -- 期刊
衛理公會(英國)
英國傳教士 -- 期刊
傳教士,英國
任務 -- 期刊
卫理公会(英国) -- 宣教 -- 期刊
卫理公会(英国)
英国传教士 -- 期刊
传教士,英国
任务 -- 期刊
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
Temporal Coverage:
1893 -
Spatial Coverage:
Europe -- United Kingdom -- England -- Greater London -- London
Asia -- China
Asia -- India
Africa -- British Africa
North America -- Caribbean
歐洲 -- 英國 -- 英格蘭 -- 大倫敦 -- 倫敦
亞洲 -- 中國
亞洲 -- 印度
非洲 -- 英屬非洲
北美 -- 加勒比海
欧洲 -- 英国 -- 英格兰 -- 大伦敦 -- 伦敦
亚洲 -- 中国
亚洲 -- 印度
非洲 -- 英属非洲
北美 -- 加勒比海
Coordinates:
51.507222 x -0.1275
35 x 103
21 x 78
18.18 x -77.4
-8.7832 x 34.5085

Notes

General Note:
Catalogued from volumes 3 (1896) and 31 (1924)
General Note:
Title from cover and index
General Note:
VIAF (name authority) : Methodist Church (Great Britain) : URI http://viaf.org/viaf/158324772

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS University of London
Holding Location:
SOAS University of London
Rights Management:
This item is licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution, Non-Commercial License. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this work non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms.
Resource Identifier:
123988723 ( OCLC )

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Full Text
THE
Missionary Echo
OF THE
IHnttcb flbetbobist Gburcb.
Editor :
Rev. J. E. SWALLOW.
VOLUME XX.
(VOLUME VIII., NEW SERIES.)
1913.
“ My determination is to gather the nations, that
I may assemble the kingdoms .... For then
will I turn to the peoples a pure language, that
that they may all call upon the name of the
Lord, to serve Him with one consent.”
—Zeph. Hi. 8, 9.
London :
HENRY HOOKS, 12 FARRINGDON AVENUE, E.C.


INDEX.
PAGE
Armitt, Miss Lily, Offer and De-
parture ----- 227, 247
Africa, Map showing work on Dark
Continent ..... 128
Bible Institute of Chicago, The Moody - 231
Bible Society’s Diagram - 153
Boxer Movement in China, A Re-
miniscence of the .... 62
Building of the Ship, The - - - 180
Chao Tong :
Mrs. Pollard ----- 103
Rev. F. J. Dymond .... 79
Children and Missions, Mr. F. N.
Wood - - - - - - 280
China, Drastic Changes in - - - 7
China, The Present Political Position
in, Revs. J. Hinds and W. Little - 229
Circuit Revived, How a, Rev. E. Askew 137
Collection, A...........................107
Collectors, Notable :
Miss Parsons - ... .14
Nancy Plowe Johnson .... 42
Bessie Hooper..........................72
Mrs. and Miss Hollows ... 88
Mr. W. North ..... 107
Mr. H. W. Wood - - - - 107
Miss Plettie Garner .... 135
Mr. Clifford Ford - - - - 135
Mr. Walter W. Gledhill - - - 162
Thorpe Hesley Trio .... 163
Miss Mary Wills.......................189
Lilian Rose Blake .... 189
Miss M. Smith.........................211
Miss J. Challoner .... 211
Miss Phyllis Crossley (the late) - - 232
Misses Anne Read and Maud Foster 232
Miss Blanche Robinson ... 257
Miss Doreen Bunt......................257
Miss Elsie Schofield .... 278
Mr. Alfred Street .... 278
Conference and Missions, The Halifax,
Rev. A. J. Conibear .... 169
Conference, Impressions of the Halifax,
Rev. J. K. Robson, M.D. - - 201
Diagram, How the Money is Spent - 228
East Africa to Meru, Rev. R. T. Worth-
ington ----- 233, 241
Educational Missions, C.E. Topic, Rev.
James Ellis ..... 112
Education in China, Rev. John Hinds - 59
Evangelization, Rev. G. T. Candlin,
D.D..............................151
Ford, Miss S. Gertrude .... 209
Foreign Missionary Committee, With
the......................... 132, 282
Foreign Secretary’s Notes 4, 31, 55, 76, 100,
125, 149, 173, 197, 219, 244, 266
PAGE
Galla Beliefs and Customs, Rev. J.
H. Phillipson ..... 97
Gauge, Marriage of Rev. T. M. - - 279
“Gifts of God’s Love,” Peace, Rev. H.
Parsons..........................161
Girls’ School, A Chinese ... 58
Giving, Christian....................2X2
Giving, Systematic and Proportionate,
Rev. F. H. Robinson ... 164
Goodbye, The Significance of Saying,
Rev. James Ellis .... 34
Griffiths, Rev. J. B...................265
Heart of the Lotus, In the, Mrs. H. S.
Redfern.............................90
Hinds, Rev. J. and Mrs., Farewell and
Departure .... 225, 248
Industrial Missions, C.E. Topic, Rev.
James Ellis......................259
Jews and Christianity, Rev. J. Harrison
253, 283
John vi., Modern Interpretation - - 276
Journal, From a Missionary’s, Rev. W.
H. Hudspeth......................15
Laoling, Dr. Baxter .... 274
Lincoln’s Proclamation .... 18
Li Shou Shan, Rev. John Hedley,
F.R.G.S. ...... 39
Littlewood, Marriage of Rev. G. P. - 3
Livingstone College .... 236
Livingstone, David :
Rev. R. F. Bell....................8
Rev. J. H. Batt....................9
Rev. W. A. Grist .... 49
London Missionary Demonstration - 121
Medicine Chest for Africa, Rev. A. PI.
Robins ...... 69
Medical Missionaries, Our :
Rev. L. Savin......................43
Rev. Dr. Swallow - - 20, 93 and 182
Rev. Dr. Plummer .... 130
Medical Missions, C.E. Topic, Rev.
James Ellis ------ 186
Men and Missions.....................Ill
Meru, A Message from, Mr. F. Mim-
mack ...... 208
Meru, The Occupation of, Rev. J. B.
Griffiths ...... 25
Missionary’s Point, of View, The - - 114
Missionary Report for 1913, Rev. R.
Pyke....................- - 249
Missionary Thermometer - - - 273
Mustard Seed, The, Rev. S. Pollard - 102
Nairobi to Meru, Rev. R. T. Worthing-
ton - --- - 233, 241, 269
New Year Message, The President - 1
New Year Message (W.M.A.) Mrs.
Balkwill.........................21


PAGE
PAGE

I
Northon, Death of Mr. W. E. - - 200
Northon, The Late Mr. W. E. - - 222
Nosu Land, “Journeyings oft” in, Rev.
C. N. Mylne ... 176 and 204
Nyoh Zing, A Story of Wenchow, Miss
Ada Holt ..... 66
"O-mi-to’h-fu,” Rev. H. Parsons - - 159
Parker on Missions, Sir Gilbert - - 286
Poetry :
Baptism for Service, Amelia D. Lock-
wood ...... 2
The Great Pacificator, Bailey - - 14
The Field Without the Yield, S. Ger-
trude Ford . .... 33
David Livingstone, Ellen Clare Pear-
son --.... 54
!'raining for Service, El.Sie - - 63
The Pathfinders, S. Gertrude Ford - 88
Prayer of a Missionary Translator . 105
Concerning the Collection ... 107
To Bertram, five years old, Frank
Noble Wood - - - - - 129
Faith’s Vision, D. L. Gibbs - - 134
The Divine Purpose, A. C. Ainger - 179
To Miss Ethel Squire, B.A., S.
Gertrude Ford .... - 237
The Place of Power .... 261
Christmas on Foreign Fields, S.
Gertrude Ford ..... 272
The Costliness of Prayer ... 286
A Wish - - - - - 288
Prayer, China’s Call to - - - 134, 160
Proverbs, East African .... 231
Representation, A Missionary - - 192
Reviews of Books :
China’s Revolution - - - - 11
International Review of Missions 40, 105,
181, 256
These Little Ones .... 44
Men. and Manners in Modern China 64
Thinking Black . .... 85
Opals from Sand.................89
The Missionary Prospect - - - 110
Wesley’s World Parish ... 113
Martyrs of the Early Church - - 117
Ministering Women .... 118
Out of the Long Grass - - - 129
The Chinese Language ... 133
Problems of the Mission Field - - 144
Three Religions of China ... 156
.Thomas Ruddle of Shebbear - - 184
Child-Life in Missionary Lands - - 207
A Short Church History - - - 221
The Holy Land of the Hindus - - 251
Revolution and After, The, Rev.. G. T.
Candlin -.....................35
School, A Missionary Holiday - - 139
Sierra Leone Hinterland, Rev. A. E.
Greensmith, - Cannibalfsm 73
,, - Taboo Customs 193
Soothill, Marriage of Miss Dorothea - 57
Speaker to any Meeting, Any - - 30
Spurgeon and Missions, Rev. E. Boaden
(the late).................105, 131
Students’ Demonstration, Mr. W. J.
Bleathman . - - . . 115
Study Movement, The Missionary - - 207
Tobacco and Christian Missions - - 138
Travel, First Impressions of Missionary,
Mrs. Littlewood - - - . 145
Turner, Farewell to the Rev. F. B. - 225
and 248
Watchtower, The Editor’s 19, 41, 83, 106, 136
162, 183, 258
Wedding in Orange Free State, Rev. E.
H. Tuck ...... 82
Wedding in New China, Rev. G. W.
Sheppard.....................63
Wenchow College..................203
Wesleyan Methodist Missions - - 260
“ Women and Children First ” - - 18
Women’s Auxiliary, Mrs. Knight 22, 45, 70,
95, 119, 140, 165, 190, 213, 238, 262, 287
Yie La, The Selling of, Rev. T. M.
Gauge.........................217
Young People and Missions ... 210
Young People’s Page :
It is Like Sunlight .... 24
Pigs in Baskets.................24
Rain from Heaven, Rev. G. Coates - 48
The Glass of Life, Rev. W. H. Proud-
love ---..-.94
Through the Rose Bower, "Auntie
Beth”......................108, 191
Guild for Young People, Mrs. Eayrs 120
Missionary Pansies, S. Gertrude Ford 187
PORTRAITS.
Armitt, Miss Lily................227
Bird, Mr. Aid. C. H. - - - - 121
Derbyshire, Esq., J.P., John - - - 170
Dingle, Mr. and Mrs. .... 11
Evans, Rev. A. and Mrs. ... 123
Ford, Miss S. Gertrude .... 209
Goudie, Rev. W...................261
Hinds, Rev. J. ..... 248
Hodgkinson, Esq., G..................122
Knight, Mrs......................22
Littlewood, Mrs. ..... 6
Luke, Rev. John ..... 1
Lyttle, Rev. William .... 182
Mimmack, Mr. F. - - - - - 269
Northon, The late Mr. W. E. - - - 199
Robson, M.D., Rev. J. K. - - - 174
Ruddle, The late Thomas ... 185
Savin, Dr. Lewis . - ... 43
Soothill, M.A., Rev. W. E. - - - 156
Turner, Rev. F. B....................225
Wesley, Rev. Benjamin .... 260
Wong, Mr..............................77


Missionary Leaflet for* 1913.
The United Methodist Church Foreign Missions.
FACTS TO BE SERIOUSLY PONDERED.
IN CHINA we have 500 Churches with 13,347 baptized members
and 14,578 inquirers, 106 Day Schools with 2,767 scholars,
Two Colleges with 227 students, and Five Hospitals, where
many thousands of sufferers every year receive ministry for
body and soul.
IN EAST AFRICA we have 13 Churches, 13 Day Schools and
15 Sunday Schools.
IN WEST AFRICA we have 21 Churches with 2,532 members.
Unique and Wonderful Opportunities present themselves on every
field, especially in China. Thousands call in vain for preachers and
teachers. Instead of embracing the opportunities we have to restrict our
efforts seriously for want of funds.
During the past three years the expenditure has been reduced by
£”2,750 and the number of Missionaries by five.
It is estimated that £”16,131 is required to maintain the work this
year. Last year the ordinary income was £”13,519.
We must surrender some of our stations unless the income
is increased by about £2,500.
The Conference pledged itself to raise the money required and
most earnestly appeals to every Church and every member to support
this decision to maintain our missionary work unimpaired and un-
diminished.
Christ has commissioned his disciples to preach the Gospel to every
creature, and each disciple’s responsibility is equal to his ability.
For the sake of our Saviour we beg you to do your utmost to spread
the message of His saving grace.
Yours in Him,
W. REDFERN, President.
C. STEDEFORD, Foreign Missions Secretary.
202 Gravelly Hill, Birmingham.
W. H. BUTLER, Foreign Missions Treasurer.
THE MAGNET PRESS, PECKHAM, S. E


THE
Missionary Echo
OF
Gbe Ö¾United flfeetbobist Cbuvcb.
×´>
■A•

Tlje President’s
New Year Message.
The Rev. JOHN LORE.
£T*" O all those who are in the Master’s
I service in the mission field, and
* to those who, in distant lands,
have been won to the knowledge and
love of the Saviour, I would send
warmest greetings and sincerest wishes
that the New Year may be one full of
blessing.
And very heartily do I
hope that all the readers of
the Missionary Echo may
be able, should life be spared,
to do much personal and prac-
tical work to aid the exten-
sion of the Kingdom of our
Redeemer. If our hearts are
aglow with love for our
blessed Lord, if a spirit of
compassion fills our breasts
for those who, in far off
lands, have not yet our
Saviour known, we cannot
but feel intensely anxious
that the work on our mission
fields should be carried on
with earnestness and vigour,
and be crowned with abun-
dant success.
“O ’tis a sound should fill the
world,
The sound of mercy through
the Lamb.”
We owe a duty to our
brothers and sisters who have
gone to China and Africa as
missionaries of the cross sent
forth by the United Method-
ist Church. They are work-
ing magnificently, although
they are often placed amid
conditions which are difficult
and not seldom depressing.
It is not enough to feel a transient
interest in the cause, or to bid
our missionaries “ God-speed ” in their
great task, or to express a faint hope
that they may, in the course of time,
realise success, and then to dismiss
all further interest and concern. We
January, 1913.


Baptism for Service
must enfold them in our love and sym-
pathy, and pray for them daily, and
lighten their burdens and difficulties by
a more generous support of the funds.
A little retrenchment of personal ex-
penditure on the part of many, a smaller
outlay in respect of our Churches and
organs, and a revival of the spirit of
liberality among the rank and file, would
be exceedingly helpful in the mission
field, where just now for lack of funds
some chapels are being closed. Having
entered upon this holy and glorious work
of carrying the Gospel to the regions
beyond, we cannot honourably or with
an easy conscience, either withdraw
from it or ineffectively sustain it. The
awakening of the East, the unrivalled
opportunities which present themselves,
the successes already realised, the
yearning of many for the Gospel, call
for our prayerful and enthusiastic sup-
port. It is given to us to aid in evan-
gelizing the people of China, and con-
verting a possible Yellow Peril into that
which will be as another radiant crown
for the brow of the Redeemer. And in
Africa also great fields of usefulness are
open to us. Ethiopia is stretching forth
her hands unto God.
As a people, who bear the name and
sign of Christ, we need to turn away
from the din and noise of the world so
that we may hear clearly the voice of
our Lord bidding His Church to
go and preach the Gospel to
every creature. We shall act wisely
and well if we avert our gaze from
the glare and glitter and gold of earth,
and look upon the cross of Calvary
until we are caught in the spell of its
holy mystery, and become inflamed
with an undying zeal for the glory of
Christ and the consummation of His
redeeming purposes. Our Lord is to
see of the travail of His soul; and we
may, by our prayers and efforts and
sacrifices, help in bringing nearer the
day of triumph and glory.
Much may be realized and be accom-
plished during the coming year if in all
our Churches we have the true spirit of
prayer. And if we help in spreading
information respecting our work in the
Mission field, and our people get to
know something of its difficulties, its
possibilities, and its successes—surely
we should experience a revival of in-
terest and enthusiasm. It is a some-
what humiliating fact that the work of
the world’s evangelization should be hin-
dered through lack of financial support.
Would there not be a great augmenta-
tion of our income if, instead of occa-
sional and impulsive giving, we set aside
according to our circumstances some de-
finite amount for the cause of missions ?
The deeply important issue confronts
us as a Church as to whether our
Foreign Mission work is to flag and to
become weakened because of insuffi-
cient sympathy and support, or whether
the successes and triumphs of the past
shall be eclipsed by the happen-
ings which are possible to a people
full of faith and of the Holy
Ghost. It is not difficult to see
the hand of God, or to hear His
voice, in connection with many of the
events which are taking place. The
fields are white unto the harvest. May
the coming year be one which shall wit-
ness the sending forth of labourers im-
pelled by the Spirit of God; and may
there be rich and abundant reaping to
the praise and glory of the Lord of the
harvest.
«5»
Baptisip for Service.
Saviour, who Thy life didst give,
That our souls might ransomed be,
Rest we not till all the world
Hears that love, and turns to Thee.
Help us that we falter not,
Though the fields are white and wide,
And the reapers, sorely pressed,
Call for aid on every side.
Guide us, that with swifter feet
We may speed us on our way,
Leading darkened nations forth
Into Thine eternal day.
Sweet the service, blest the toil;
Thine alone the glory be :
Oh, baptize our souls anew;
Consecrate us all to Thee.
—Amelia D. Lockwood. (From The Pil-
grim Iiymnal, TJ.S.A.)
2


Marriage of tlje Rev. G. P.
apd Mrs. Littlewood.
eN Saturday, September 28th, Miss
Maggie Fairbrother was married
to the Rev G. P. Littlewood, in
Tientsin, N. China.
The religious ceremony took place at
the historic “ Old Union Church,” at 8
o’clock in the morning, in the'presence
of the Rev. J. and Mrs. Hedley, Mrs.
Candlin, Mr. Evans—a Professor of
the Anglo-Chinese College, the Rev. G.
T. Candlin officiating. The bride was
prettily attired in a dress of pearl grey,
with a hat to
match. The
aisles and chan-
cel of the
Church were
specially car-
peted; the fine
old building was
tastefully decor-
ated with a pro-
fusion of beauti-
ful white flowers
and stately
palms and other
plants; and
everything pos-
sible was done
to create a
“ homeland ” at-
mosphere for the
happy event.
After a quiet,
but impressive,
service the
wedding party
walked from the
church to the
Mission House
(but a few yards
away) amid a
shower of rice
and confetti.
The photo-
graph, which we
present to our
readers was then
taken, and a
host of friends
came to present
their congratula-
tions. At 9
o’clock, after re-
Rev. G. P. Littlewood’s wedding party, with a few members
who came to present a scroll, which is nailed over the door.
[Dr. Jones on the top step: Alwyn and Esme in front of the bride and bridegroom.]i
freshment had been partaken of, the
bridal party were conveyed in carriages,
drawn by horses (rarely used except on
such occasions), to the British Consulate
where the civil ceremony of marriage
was performed. This cold and formal
business over our friends drove to Tient-
sin station. Catching the 9.50 train
they journeyed to Lanchow, en route
for Yung Ping, where they arrived
about 7.0 p.m. The scenery on the way
was charming, but for the la.st half hour
3


Foreign Secretary’s Notes
of the journey thick darkness covered
the land. As’ the roads are indescrib-
ably bad it can be imagined that Mr.
and Mrs. Littlewood were very tired
when they reached their destination. A
little distance from Yung Ping Dr. and
Mrs. Fletcher Jones and native friends,
carrying lanterns, met them and gave
them a hearty welcome.
They had prepared a “ royal wel-
come ” for the honeymooners. In the
garden were Japanese lanterns and
“ fairy lights ” hung from all the trees.
In the home of Dr. and Mrs. Jones our
friends spent a very happy holiday, and
a few days after they went to their new
home at Tong Shan. Their postal ad-
dress is Tong Shan, North China.

Foreigp Secretary’s
Notes.
The Old Year The old year has left
and the New. memorable marks upon
our Missions. Destructive
typhoons in the Wenchow region and
drought and famine in East Africa have
made a record of suffering and loss
rarely equalled. But the year will be
remembered by its gains rather than by
its losses. In the year 1912 we re-
Sorted an increase of £2,500 in our
lissionary income. We opened the
United Methodist Mission in Meru,
thereby fulfilling the hopes and aims
of the pioneers of our Mission in
East Africa. These progressive steps
form the first definite forward movement
taken by the United Methodist Church.
They mark the beginning of a new
chapter in our missionary history.
The new year, if I may venture to
prophesy, will see the formation of a
stronger missionary policy both at home
and abroad. The financial difficulties
will diminish. , The prospects . are
brightening. There are signs that
some of our fields will yield a remark-
able harvest.
We plead with our readers to make
our missions the subject of special
prayer and faith during the new year.
Pray regularly for our missionaries and
their work. “According to your faith
it shall be done unto you.”
May the new year bring abounding
blessing and joy to all our workers both
at home and abroad!
The Ko-pu Another of the aboriginal
Tribe. tribes in West China is
beginning to knock at our
doors and to beg for preachers and
By tbc
Rev. C. STEDEFORD
teachers. The Rev. A. Evans, of
Tong Chuan, has found large numbers
of these people, and is doing his ut-
most to carry the Gospel to them.
According to the account given by Mr.
Evans they occupy many villages within
two or three days of Tong Chuan city.
Some attended the Miao Chapel at Loh-
yin-shan, and as far back as four years
ago Mr. and Mrs. Evans visited the
homes of some of these Ko-pu and in-
vited them to hear the Gospel. The
present movement is to a large extent
the fruit of early toil. A few months
since Mr. Evans made an extended tour
through the region inhabited by these
people. He visited nineteen villages,
and Mr. Fu,' the Chinese preacher,
visited others in a different direction,
and altogether they found two thousand
six hundred Ko-pu desirous to be taught
the Christian faith. Likewise there is a
stirring among three thousand more
who dwell in a district south of Tong
Chuan. Mr. Evans contemplated visit-
ing them early in the new year.
It cannot be imagined that these Ko-
pu have any notion of what the Gospel
is, excepting that the word promises
good tidings. They are dark and
ignorant and degraded. Then why do
they call for the Christian preacher?
Are they not conscious of a soul-hunger
which impels them to seek even before
they know what they seek ? Is not the
Spirit moving on the souls of these
darkened people and leading them to-
ward the light ? Is not the good Shep-
herd out upon those mountains seeking
the sheep that are lost ?
4


Foreign Secretary’s Notes
Miao Mr. Evans pertinently
Missionaries, asks. “ If we are com-
manded to preach the
Gospel to all nations, whether
they will hear or whether they
will forbear, how much greater is our
responsibility when people knock at our
doors and ask to be taught? And our
United Methodist doors are the only
doors at which the Ko-pu can knock.”
Our missionaries have not failed to do
their utmost to meet this new demand.
If there are no others ready the work
must be done by Miao missionaries.
Think of it! These Miao who a few
years ago were
themselves as deep
down in darkness
and degradation as
men could be have
now become mes-
sengers carrying
light and life to
other tribes.
Miracles of grace
indeed! Truly
God does some-
timfes choose the
“ base things of
the world and
things which are
despised ” through
which to reveal
His power and
grace. Who could
more effectually
preach the Gospel
than those Miao
who are themselves
living evidences of
its power ? Mr.
Evans found that
the Miao preachers
had done excellent
service. Four
were first ap-
pointed to visit the
Ko-pu villages.
They returned
with a good report.
The band was then
doubled and there
are now eight Miao
missionaries work-
ing under the
direction of Mr.
Evans for the evan-
The wedding party. Refreshments under
the spreading apricot tree.
gelization of thousands of Ko-
pu. On going forth the second
time these Miao evangelists were
provided with 1,000 copies of a
book of hymns and catechism, printed
on Mr. Pollard’s rotary machine. “ So,”
adds Mr. Evans, “ before long the hills
will be ringing with yet another people
singing the praises of God’s love—for
the Ko-pu are good singers.”
We praise׳God for the wondrous way
in which the holy fire is spreading in
Yunnan, and pray that it may soon
destroy all iniquity and idolatry.


Foreign Secretary’s Notes
Drought and We are grieved to hear
Famine in from Mr. Northon that
East Africa, there is drought and
famine in East Africa.
The second rains had failed. The
people had planted corn three or four
times and the wind and sun had parched
it completely. Even if the rains came
there could be no harvest for three
months. It is 15 or 16 years since the
last famine, when thousands died of
starvation. To-day the railway makes
it possible to obtain supplies, but these
supplies cost money. Mr. Northon is
using all the labour possible so as to
alleviate the distress without pauperiz-
ing the people. He says they say to
him, “ You are our father, we look to
you for food ; our hunger is very great,
send to the ‘ barra ’ (far country) so that
we may not die of our great hunger.”
Mr. Northon makes a distressing ap-
peal for money, he feels sure “that if
our people as a denomination knew the
acuteness of the situation they would
respond to the hunger call of our darker
brothers and sisters in East Africa.”
We shall be glad to forward any special
contributions for this purpose.
Tlie Mission One month’s labour on
House at the part of Mr. Griffiths
Meru. and Mr. Mimmack, as-
sisted by many natives, re-
suited in the erection of the Mission
buildings in Meru. The house consists of
three spacious rooms and is constructed
of logs with a layer of reeds inside and
out. Mr. Mimmack is very proud of it.
He says it is cosy and attractive, delight-
fully cool during the day and warm at
night. Both Mr. Griffiths and Mr. Mini-
mack testify to the excellence of the
climate, and the beauty of the land-
scape. They find our station is planted
in the midst of a dense population. The
adjacent villages are large and
numerous. Mr. Griffiths says the Meru
inhabitants are a fine race. He em-
ployed 46 in the building operations,
and they proved to be splendid workers.
The opening of this mission has been
most propitious. Our Brethren when
they joined in prayer in the newly-
erected house were able to thank God
for favourable weather, prospered plans,
excellent health, and for the cheerful co-
operation of all who had been engaged
in the work.
Personalia. Rev. W. Eddon reports
his safe arrival with his
little family at Tientsin. Their voyage
passed most pleasantly; the weather
was splendid, and they had no sickness.
Both Mr. and Mrs. Eddon are delighted
to be back in China again, and to re-
sume their much loved work.
To avert an imminent nervous break-
down, Rev. J. Hedley has felt it impera-
Mrs. G. P. Littlewood on the honeymoon.
6


Drastic Changes in China
five to take a trip to California for the
winter. Mr. Eddon says he found Mr.
Hedley in a very highly-wrought state
—nerves and brain both seeming to be
overstrained. The effect of the rest
and change will decide whether Mr.
Hedley will be able to continue in the
mission. We hope he will regain per-
feet health and return with his old en-
thusiasm to his important work.
In Mr. Hedley’s absence Mr. Eddon
will remain in Tientsin ; take charge of
that circuit, and fill the office of financial
secretary.
Miss Murfitt has unexpectedly left
Ningpo and has returned to England in
company with an invalid friend.
Miss E. M. Squire, B.A., has im-
proved a little in general health, but the
suffering in her head still continues. We
pray for her complete recovery.
Dr. Savin and the Rev. H. and Mrs.
Parsons left Tilbury on December
13th, amid the good wishes and cheer-
ful words of the Secretary and several
friends The s.s. “ Morea ” is a fine
vessel, bound for Australia, and our
friends tranship at Colombo. They
expect to arrive at Shanghai on January
17th. Mr. Worthington sailed on the
28th December. An account of the
farewell meeting and departures will
appear in our next. EDITOR.
Drastic Cbap^es
ip Cbipa.
On January i, 1912, the Chinese of-
ficially changed their New Year from
February 18 to January 1, from the
lunar to the solar year, to conform to
the Christian way of reckoning. The
people celebrated the new year, on Feb.
18th, 1912, for the last time.
The queue has been worn in China
since 1644. To-day none is to be seen
on the coast and very very few in the
interior.
The Government officials used to have
high-sounding titles, e.g., “The vener-
able gentleman of the Order of the Pea-
cock Feather,” etc., to-day they are
called by the simple title of Mr.
Even twenty years ago the mission-
aries scarcely dared to go near the
heathen temples. Now they are per-
mitted to take photographs of both the
buildings and the idols within them.
These idols have been worshipped for
centuries, some ,of them coming down
from before the Christian era. Now
many temples have been raided, the
idols have been broken and cast into the
street, while the people looked on, in-
different to their fate.—“ Missionary
Review of the World.”
Same of our visitors at the Mission (Wenchow) [Photo - Miss Holt.
last New Year’s day.
7


David
Livingstone.
CK1I R. HORNE is the man to write
/VI a book on the theme of Liv-
־* ’ * ingstone’s life. He has the
selective skill by which prominence and
emphasis are given to incidents and
sayings most interesting from a Chris-
tian standpoint. He has the literary
genius by which these incidents and
sayings become vivid and inspiring to
the reader. He has, above all, the
warm and sympathetic temperament by
which he enters into the sufferings and
rich ideals of the missionary explorer.
David Livingstone is a
profoundly modern man
because he was essen-
tially Christian. His
name in Africa will beÖ¾
the more enduring be-
cause he went there
for more than territorial
expansion; he went to
extend the Kingdom of
Christ. And the model
for Britons in Africa is
not Cecil Rhodes but
David Livingstone. Both
their purposes and poli-
cies were vastly different
Consciously or uncon-
sciously the author
steadily impresses us with
two supreme facts. First,
that the essential triumph
of Livingstone’s life was
the influence of a per-
sonality quickened and
clothed by the spiritual
force of his Master. The
book demonstrates many
natural qualities; indus-
try, prevision, scientific
instinct; but, from be-
ginning to end, there is
looming _ this Christian
personality which calms
and tames the most fero-
cious of the African
tribes. The people could
not understand any in-
*David Livingstone. By the Rev. C.
Silvester Horne. M.P. Macmillan,
1912• Is. net.
A REVIEW.
By tbc Rev.
R. JL BELL.
vasion of territory that “ did not mean
conquest and plunder.” Thus every
tribe judged each other by itself. Liv-
ingstone carries with him the key to the
moral confidence of the most degraded
and obstinately suspicious. Mamire, in
bidding him good-bye, said, “ You are
now going among people who cannot be
trusted, because we have used them
badly, but you go with a different kind
of message from any they have ever
heard before, and Jesus will be with
you, and help you, though among ene-
On the last March.
(An illustration from the volume. Lent by Macmillan & Co.)
8


The Great Missionary Scout of Central Africa
mies.” His effect upon the native mind
was marvellous; subduing, calming,
and even enlisting men whose habit of
life was of the most atrocious violence,
and often eliciting that which was
divinely heroic.
He held in terror the Arab slave-
dealers, fighting them single-handed,
“ ringed round by cruel and unscrupu-
lous enemies, whose dark deeds had
only him to fear ” ; and fear him they
did. He was “ almost beaten but never
quite,” because he relied on the “word
of a Gentleman of the strictest honour.”
WJiether he faces the hilarious students
of Glasgow on Degree day, or the
Arab slave-traders, or the savage tribes
of Africa, he exercises an influence that
commands respect always, and rever-
ence often.
The other fact is, his unconquerable
purpose as a missionary of the Cross.
He never loses sight of his high voca-
tion. His life had many interests, but
one interest was supreme. He pursued
scientific investigations, knowing that
societies in England expected important
results from his researches ; he was also
representative of the British govern-
ment, and under its pay ; but the upper-
most thing was the evangelizing of the
people. And when the political office
becomes embarrassing to his spiritual
purpose, he cuts away or modifies the
relationship in order that his work for
God and African souls suffer not. No
honours or financial securities in the
scientific or political world are sufficient
to lure him from the dominating ideals
of his richly gifted and highly inspired
life. One feels that he has for ever in-
terpreted the purpose of the Church’s
existence. “ The spirit of missions is
the spirit of our Master. The very
genesis of His religion. A diffusive
philanthropy is Christianity itself. It
requires perpetual propagation to at-
test its genuineness.” Surely this
should be written on the portals of
every Christian edifice; should fire the
imagination of every Christian.
The salient facts of Livingstone’s life
are presented in this book in a graphic,
suggestive, and inspiring way; while
there are given some of the choicest ex-
tracts from his diaries. In view of the
fact that the centenary of the great
missionary’s birth will be commemorated
this year, no church or school should
be without its lecture or address on the
theme of his life during 1913• I
heartily commend this book as part,
at least, of the provision of light and
stimulus.
<־§=> «»§=>
The Great Missionary
Scout of Central Africa.*
By the Rev.
J. H. BATT.
D
. R. GEORGE ADAM SMITH
said in his “ Life of Henry Drum-
mond ” that “ Central Africa left
a deep mark upon Drummond.” . The
same thing may be said of David Liv-
ingstone, with the additional remark
that Livingstone left upon Central
Africa a far deeper impress than was
possible to Drummond during his brief
and rapid Government survey of the
Zambesi, the Shire highlands and the
lakes. The “ Pathfinder of Africa ”
made his three great journeys his life-
work, and in the last of the wonderful
series he laid down his worn-out life,
*Livingstone the Pathfinder. By Basil Matthews. M.A.
Price 2s. net. Oxford University Press. Henry Frowde.
having pursued his quest to the end
single-handed, without cheer or stay.
“ Lone on the land and homeless on the
water ”—could he say—
“ Pass I in patience till my work be
done.”
The immortal story which was told in
the journals ; and by H. M. Stanley, who
“ found Livingstone,” whilst all the world
listened, has been retold in this book
for boys and girls, illuminated with
seventeen illustrations by Ernest Prater
and twenty-seven other pictures and
photos. It is produced in perfect type
and on best paper.
This delightful little volume will
charm young people; and new genera-
9


The Work of Our Women’s Auxiliary
can use us ; to be co-workers with Him
in bringing the world to Himself, wheri
our Lord shall “ see of the travail of
His soul and shall be satisfied.”?
We very gratefully acknowledge
the gift of £4 towards our W.M.A.
funds from five friends in New
Zealand, kindly sent through our
friend Mrs. J. Smith, of Christ-
church, N.Z. It . is interesting to note
that another of the contributors is Mrs.
Ready, wife of the Rev. W. Ready,
President of the New Zealand Methodist
Church. We are much encouraged by
this practical remembrance of the
Mother Missionary Society in its finan-
cial need by those who have many de-
mands in their own church. One of the
■contributors writes: “ There is none I
revere more than those who went forth
to China in the early days, and tackled
the work in the earnest way they did.”
By Mrs KNIGHT.
,^•IRST let me say, “A Happy New
׳T* Year ” to you all. A happy year
Ö¾*â–  must needs be a busy one, so I
wish you all a busy new year, one filled
with work for Jesus Christ.
There is so much to be done, and
every years that passes lessons our time
of service. Let us snatch every oppor-
tunity to work for our beloved Mis-
sionary Society, that we may increase
our membership, and raise the income
to the average prior to union.
Let us remember that “ He is able to
do exceeding abundantly above all that
we can ask or think.” He says to us
all, “ Hitherto ye have asked nothing.”
So again I say, let us be busy!
Our friends will be pleased to have
the following extracts from a letter writ-
ten by Rev. G. P. Littlewood while at
Yung Ping Fu, and sent to Mrs. Eayrs.
Speaking of the conditions of work
among the women and girls he says,
“ An unmarried man is rigorously ex-
eluded. Even the women of the church
get very little beyond saying ‘ Elu Ping
uyan,’ the happy phrase which you have
learnt (God be with you). And as for
outsiders, why, they would no more
think of speaking to me, or even look-
ing the side I am on, until my back is
turned, than they would think of speak-
ing to a cow.
“ The lot of women in China is sad in-
deed; not that I think they feel it so,
they simply have known nothing better.
Called 1 Ya Un’ (slave) when they are
so little, on their early marriage they
become the drudges of the mother-in-
law, being altogether uneducated and
with no interest beyond the bog-bucket
side of existence, and at the age of forty
they look like old women. It is strange
how anxious the majority of little girls
are to have their feet bound; learning
very early in life (at about nine years of
age) that it is a great thing to be in the
fashion, to wear finger rings, to have
pins for the hair, flowers for the fringe
and ‘ lily feet ’ like their mothers.
“ The ‘ Anti-Footbinding League ’ has
not a great following as yet; old cus-
toms die hard, and excepting the women
and girls in our churches, and the pro-
portion of women in the ports who are
in daily contact with Western life, it is
an almost unknown thing to see a girl
or woman with unbound feet.
“ The great difficulty with the women
here is, of course, the lack of anything
in the way of education. Our work
Mrs. Knight* Holsworthy.
W.M.A. Publication Secretary..
22


The Revolution, and After
It was amazing, considering the
enormous magnitude of the Empire, and
the greatness of the interests at stake,
that the Revolution was effected with so
little bloodshed, and with such compara-
tively small disturbance of the order of
society. It was a characteristic Chinese
revolution in this respect, that it fol-
lowed the natural genius of the Chinese
for compromise and for temporizing.
What distinguishes the Chinese above
all other qualities is their sense of the
practical, and in this instance they did
not see why 400 million people of their
own race should shed each other’s blood,
for the sake of giving all the good
things of the Empire to perhaps six or
seven million people of an alien race.
It needed but an understanding between
the Chinese in whom the Manchu trusted
and those with whom he was at strife,
and the Revolution was inevitable, its
success was assured. Foreign observers
of the situation might have saved them-
selves much trouble and anxiety if they
had but observed that from the begin-
ning of things an understanding existed.
It is said that Yuan Shih K’ai’s own son
was an ardent Republican. There is no
reason to suspect the good faith of the
present President, but it need not be
supposed that he was prepared to die
for a monarchical form of Government,
still less for a Tartar Emperor. When
T’ang Shao Yi went south as peace
envoy on behalf of Yuan it became evi-
dent at once that T’ang’s sympathies
were on the side of the South. After
that first peace mission all dilatory
operations on either side were little
more than a feint. The more the
dynasty hung back from abdicat-
ing, the more threatening became
the southern invasion, and the more
feeble seemed the resistance of the
North.
At the same time as the leaders north
and south made it impossible by their
joint action for the Manchu dynasty to
do anything else but abdicate, they
made abdication remarkably easy.
They built a golden bridge for the Em-
peror and his party to retire over. The
terms granted to the Imperial house were
most generous. To such a pleasure-
loving race it could not fail to
be tempting to have all the afflu-
ence, the form, and state of Im-
perial rule preserved to them, and
to be rid once for all of its thorny
responsibilities, and its accumulating
dangers. After a little vacillation, ac-
companied by truculent bluff from some
of the younger princes, the Empress
Dowager declared herself favourable to
abdication, and the bargain was soon
struck. Before long the Abdication
Edict was published. Down came the
Yellow Dragon flag. Up'went the five-
barred symbol of Republicanism. Post
office stamps were endorsed with the in-
signia of the Republic, names of offices
all over the country underwent a change,
pig-tails went off by the hundred.
There was some disposition to find
special meaning in the fact that no word
with the strict meaning “ to abdicate ”
was used in the three abdication docu-
ments. But there was nothing behind
this. Beside the fact .that it was diffi-
cult to find a word to express the exact
position—“Jang Wei” or “T’zii Wei”
would be apt to carry the implication that
the throne remained intact—it was
natural for them to avoid a word which
would be wounding to their pride.
There is little doubt that they under-
stood quite well the nature of their act.
Manchu supremacy in China has gone,
never to return.
The only time when our Tangshan
district became the scene of action was
at the end of January last. The troops
at Lanchow, who had for months been
playing a double game, mutinied, and
attemped to rush the railway line.
There was an action at Lei Chuang, the
result of which was never clearly known
to the public. The fighting was of no
consequence, in fact the Imperialists
though in overwhelming strength, pro-
vided a way of retreat for the mutineers.
But the revolt was effectually sup-
pressed, a number of seditious persons
were captured and executed, and com-
munication was restored. Six persons
who had been inducing the soldiers to
revolt and join the Revolution were be-
headed and left unburied: They were
either Christians or had Christian con-
nections. Dr. Pyke and myself inter-


The Revolution, and After
viewed General Wang and got permis-
sion to have them buried.
Since abdication the condition of the
country seems to be regarded by all
classes as quite unstable. The foreign
Press, as a whole, has taken the most
pessimistic view of the situation all
along. To this Dr. Morrison is an
honourable exception. Both sides have
been singularly free from anti-foreign
feeling from the beginning until now,
yet that is the scare-crow which the
editors of English papers in China, in-
•sist on dangling before us. The shock-
.ing disorders arising from mutinous
soldiery at Peking, Tientsin, Paoting,
.and, just recently, at Tungchow have
increased the suspicion and distrust of
the foreign public. The extensive occu-
pation by foreign troops kept up so
long, and still maintained seems to in-
dicate a want of confidence in the
stability of the Republic on the part of
the different foreign Governments. No
,Government so far appears to have
formally acknowledged the Republic.
Meanwhile the loan negotiations have
occupied public attention, and the
suspense attendant on this mixture of
׳finance and diplomacy
“ Drags its slow length along.”
So that the question of the hour which
is asked by everyone, to which no one
seems to attempt a definite reply is:
“ When will things resume a settled
•condition ? ” Could anything be more
rash than to forecast the future? The
most careful estimate of the wisest and
best-informed is liable to falsification by
the events of the coming hour. Yet it
is the summing up of the situation
which, just now, is most desiderated.
It forms almost the only subject of
general curiosity. “What do you think
of the outlook ? ” and “ What do you
think is going to happen ? ” These are
the universal questions, and at the risk
of proving a false prophet one cannot
refrain from attempting to give some
sort of answer.
First, it may be taken for certain that
the Manchu Dynasty will never be
restored. The Manchus form far too
small a part of the population. One
cannot get accurate information as to
Ö¾their numbers, but certainly they are
under ten million, perhaps not over five.
This is Ö¾fine or ten to every four him-
dred. Their military prestige is gone:
as soldiers they are beneath contempt.
Nothing is left them but a kind of dare-
devil incompetence. Even among the
Manchus there are advocates of Re-
publicanism. The terms on which abdica-
tion was arranged render it to the last
degree improbable that the heads of the
Imperial family will disturb the present
settlement. It was perhaps wise of the
Republican leaders to grant them such
handsome conditions. Those conditions
are a powerful guarantee of their good
conduct.
Second. Any attempt to set up a
new Chinese Monarchy would be
fraught with difficulties. The sentiment
for liberty and for democratic institu-
tions is so strong that it would have to
be a Constitutional Monarchy of the
most limited kind. It is a common as-
sertion that the Chinese are not ready
for a Republic, and cannot understand
Republican institutions. Quite as little
Manchurian Lady• [Photo: W. H. Butler, Bsq.
[Showing peculiar head-dress, and normal feet.]
37


Li Sl)eu Shat).
By tbe Rev.
JOHN HEDLEY, p.R.G.S.
T is with very great pleasure I send
you a short report of Li Shou Shan,
our blind evangelist. Testimony
to his devout spirit and his earnest zeal
for Christ is all the more delightful to
me, since I have been associated with
him during the whole of his Christian
life. He first heard the Gospel at one
of our little village chapels in the Yung
P’ing Fu Circuit. He was then, as you
know, earning his living as a fortune-
teller, but was no sooner converted than
he threw up that occupation, and that
without any promise or prospect of help
from us. It was after he had taken
that decisive step that I invited him to
live on our Mission compound for a
month or two in the winter of 1903-04,
that I might have him under my own
observation and tuition. During that
time he was baptized, and then, on my
application, was received into the Blind
School at Peking, a privilege for which
he will never cease to be grateful.
In three years he was taught to read
and write in a system for the blind, and
to play on the organ. He acts now
regularly as our organist in our Sab-
bath services. On the completion of
Lis training he was appointed as
hospital evangelist at Yung P’ing Fu,
working unde r
Dr. Baxter. His
diligence was a
pattern to all: his
whole-hearted zeal
for the Saviour,
and his desire for
the salvation of
the patients in
hospital were
often a rebuke to
some of us who
are older i n
Christian service,
and have had
many more ad-
vantages. Nor
was his work
without fruit. A
young woman
suffering from a
diseased arm,
necessitating a
stay of several
months in hospital, and her old woman
attendant, were both led to Jesus by
Mr. Li, while later another woman and
her boy, fourteen years of age, became
sincere Christians under his tuition and
guidance. We also occasionally sent
him to visit different churches in the cir-
cuit, with good results in all cases, the
Christians eagerly welcoming and
kindly caring for the blind man, who,
as they say, has eyes of faith that see
so far and so clearly.
Since April, 1909, on my transfer
from Yung P’ing Fu to Tientsin, Mr.
Li has been under me for special train-
ing for preaching. There was a dis-
position to prolixity in his addresses
that needed correction, and the two
years he has spent in our Preachers’
Training College have already shown
good results. He is a most painstaking
and teachable student, and his beautiful
character exercises beneficent influence
on all the other men. He can now pre-
pare and preach a sermon as clearly
and forcibly as any of the men in Col-
lege, and he promises to be one of the
most effective preachers on our staff of
over sixty.
In the summer of 1910, instead of
going to Yung P’ing Fu for the College
Mr• Li Shou Shan. [Rev. G. P. Littlcxvood.
[Physically blind; ordained to lead the spiritually blind.]


The International Review of Missions
vacation, I used him in one of our
Tientsin city chapels. There he made
many friends, and won a few adherents
to Christ, notable among them being a
“ shuo-shu-ti ” (story-teller), who gives
promise of developing into an active
and earnest Christian man.
We, on our Mission, all love and ad-
mire Li Shou Shan. We who know him
best, love and admire him most. Per-
sonally, I know him to be one of the
most saintly men I have ever known in
all my Christian life. His face, with
its interested smile, is an inspiration to
every preacher. His gracious, gentle
spirit makes us think of that “ Israelite
indeed, in whom there was no guile.”
His simple faith in Jesus Christ as his
personal Saviour, and his absorbing
passion for the salvation of all the
people to whom he speaks of Jesus, are
a praise among our Christians, and must
surely be a joy to our Lord. We are
grateful to God for giving us such a
man on our Mission.

Tb® Iptcrpatiopal
Review of Missions.
WE welcome with great heartiness
the fifth number of this invalu-
able review. It opens 1913
with a definitely strong number, and it
is a truism to say that no mission student
can afford to be without it. We are at-
tracted first by the Editor’s laborious
and able review of the year 1912, and
we hope sincerely it will be done every
year. Now that we see it we wonder
how it can be dispensed with.
After a brief general survey, Mr. Old-
ham passes in review the countries of
the world—Japan, India, China, Persia,
Mohammedan Lands, Africa, the Jews,
and the Home Base.
A paragraph from the last many be
given as illustrating its useful scope, and
partly in order to give our readers need-
ful information.
"A considerable number of changes in
the personnel of the staff of. leading
mission societies have taken place during
the year. In the Methodist Episcopal
Board in North America, the Rev. A. B.
Leonard, LL.D., who has been the corres-
ponding secretary for more than 20 years,
has retired on account of advancing years,
and his colleague, the Rev. H. C. Stuntz,
D.D., has been made a bishop. The three
new secretaries are Mr. S. E. Taylor, the
Rev. W. F. Oldham, D.D., and the Rev.
Frank M. North, D.D. In the Baptist
Board the Rev. J. H. Franklin, D.D., has
been appointed foreign secretary in succes-
sion to Dr. Barbour, who has retired from
active work.
In Great Britain the C.M.S. has trans-
ferred the Rev. F. Bayliss from his charge
of the African Missions to the administra-
tion of the China and Japan Missions, in
succession to the Rev. S. Baring-Gould,
who is about to retire. The L.M.S., in
view of the impending retirement of Dr.
Wardlaw Thompson has appointed Mr. F.
H. Hawkins, LL.B., and the Rev. Frank
Lenwood as its foreign secretaries, and the
Rev. W. Nelson Britton as organizing
secretary. The Rev. Henry Haigh, D.D.,
formerly a missionary in India, has been
elected one of the secretaries of the
W.M.S., and the Rev. W. Y. Fullerton,
the home secretary of the B.M.S.
Professor Siraj-ud-din contributes a
paper to the series on The Vital Forces
of Christianity and,Islam, and deals with
the subject as related to India. Pre-
vious papers have been on Egypt,
Persia, Sumatra and Syria.
Miss Ruth Rouse gives the second ar-
tide on The Ideal of Womanhood as a
factor in Missionary work. This fol-
lows Miss McDougall’s paper in the
July issue, and continues the presenta-
tion well. It demands the attention of
all women workers, and those who
realize this factor in our work.
An account of the Continuation Com-
mittee, the fifth paper on the “ Growth
of the Church in the Mission Field,” Dr.
J. Hope Moulton on “ The Word and׳
the World,” “ Industrial Work in India,”
“ Reviews of Books and International
Bibliography ” make up a most valuable
contribution to Missionary literature.
We wish we could spare more space to
this reference, but if that deficiency
compel purchase, our aim is gained.
The Editor.
40


The Watchtower.
THE EDITOR.
THE LARGER CHURCH.
OREIGN FIELD
been running a
1



” has
series
of articles on “ What
the Other Societies
are Doing.” A too-
brief story of our work
in the Foreign Field
appeared in the last
number, and was illus-
trated tastefully from
photographs supplied
to the Editor by our-
selves. Annexed is the
initial of said article.
FAREWELL !
The story of the
departures during the
month of December
has appeared in the
“ United Methodist ”
and we have not space
to repeat. It is a
pathetic thing to say
good-bye to men and
women whose hearts
God has thus touched,
feeling all the time
that we ought to be
there ourselves. That
something unavoid-
able prevents, makes
the harder at home,
to sustain those who
go. As we write, Dr. Savin, Mr. and
Mrs. Parsons, their little girl; and
Mr. Worthington, are still on the deep
waters, not always “ dark and drear.”
Our Father will guard them, and cause
them to reach their home in safety
under His protection. Many friends
were there to say farewell to the s.s.
“ Morea,” for China, on the 13th Decern-
ber, but the ship by which Mr. Worth-
ington travelled left before the time in-
timated, and many were thus prevented
from saying good-bye to him. His own
dear ones were there doubtless, and he
knows the reason why others were not.
As one putting on the armour it would
have been pleasing to have given him
a send-off. We must pray for him the
more earnestly in his new and untried
course. He will need all the grace and
At the opening of
Bo Church,
Mendiland in 1911.
us work all
while trying
persistence at his command for the Meru
work.
STILL THEY TESTIFY!
We are glad to continue to hear of
instances of enthusiasm. Take Bolton,
St. George’s Road. The Rev. T.
Cooper gratefuly reports that the young
people there have collected as their or-
dinary effort more than £30.
£ s. d.
Collected by books .. . 22 0 8
J} by boxes .. â–  4 11 11
7 ) in classes .. • 3 11 6
In the first item the amount of £5 ך s.
3d. is accredited to one collector—Con-
nie Cooper, while Phyllis Buckley fol-
lows with £4 8s. The anniversary was
held on December 22nd, and the pre-
sence and address of Miss Turner, who
was formerly a member of the Church
added considerably to the interest of the
meeting. Mr. Cooper hopes that this
instance will lead to emulation by other
young people.
Then Bowcombe, in the Newport
Ryde and Cowes Circuit. Mr. E. J.
Willsteed writes:
“ I was deeply interested to read in the
December issue of the Missionary Echo
. the report of the Holsworthy Junior
Auxiliary, and many readers of the Echo
will be interested to know that a Junior
Auxiliary was formed at Bowcomibe last
spring, and has proved a great success.
“At the present time there are about 25
members who pay a contribution of a
penny per week to the funds, and having
regard to the fact that Bowcombe is but a
wayside country chapel, and that some of
the members have to traverse dark country
roads to attend the meetings, I am sure
you will agree that the membership augurs
well. Meetings are held weekly under the
direction of interested adults, and the even-
ings are spent in doing needlework at a
reasonable charge for those who place
orders with them.
“The Rev. H. Parsons took back to
China a number of dolls which were
dressed by the members of the Auxiliary.
Socials are held also, and all profits are
for Missions.”
DISTRICT BAZAARS.
It is cheering to note how the District
are shaping themselves and their re-
sources for the extinction of the Mis-
41


Notable Collectors
sionary debt. Mr. Stedeford deals with
the question in his notes.
THE REV. ALFRED EVANS.
Our fellow-worker will be leaving for
furlough soon and has little time to
write the article that was requested.
He says, however
“The spirit of the Revolution is this year
like a Jack-o-Lantern, jumping all over
the place. All our members have been
‘ touched,’ and as I am not a Manchu and
so cannot be turned out, they quarrel
among themselves. They must hit some-
body, and, in consequence, we’ve had a
fine meke. Things are now improving,
but don’t speak with any certainty of
China, except to say that given the Grace
of God she is sure to come out top-side.
“I have entered more truly into Paul’s
Epistles this year and can now understand
why he continued to give expression to
such high spiritual truths, whilst he had to
complain so often of the conduct of the
church members.
“’Tis the same God keeping the mission-
ary to-day or—poor missionary 1 I am
stronger in faith now than ever, and more
restful.”
We are permitted to make an extract
from a letter to׳ Mrs. Evans (at South-
ampton) of about the same date.
“ I have been on tour round Miao-land
and district, and have visited nine fresh
villages. Of course many of the people
are ignorant of what joining the Church
means, but if we can get a hold in their
homes it will save them from much sin.
Many of the Heh-i (Black Ipien) are also
moving. This is partly accounted for by
the fact that they are being called upon to
provide schools in their villages and prefer
to get a teacher from the Church rather
than drop into the hands of the Han-pien
(Chinese). This means we must try to
run the schools, or we may not get them
to listen to our message. Several Heh-i
came last night to talk it over.”
Mrs. Evans explains that the Heh-i
are Nosu aboriginals.
THE LIVINGSTONE CENTENARY.
Our next issue will be a Livingstone
number, when an article will appear by
Rev. AV. A. Grist.
OUR CIRCULATION.
Notable Collectors.
50.—Nancy Hewe Johnson, Carlisle.
Daughter of Mr. and Mrs. T. Johnson,
who take great interest in Missions. Mr.
Johnson has been organist for many years at
our Carlisle Church, and some time ago was
presented with a gold watch in appreciation
of his services.
Though only 5i- years old, Nancy has re-
turned her fifth year’s box, as the following
shows : —
£ s. d.
1908 ............ 0 6 11
1909 ............ 0 16 10
1910 14 0
1911 18 6
1912 15 6
^?5 1 9
Nancy Howe Johnson.

We are glad to report that we ran out “ Our Missionary income will show an
of print for January, and a further large increase. No doubt the ECHO has
edition had to be printed. helped.”—From a recent letter.
42


Our Medical
Auxiliary.
G1
| LOSE under the edge of the eaves
of the roof of the world—like a
swallow’s nest—is built the little
city of Chao-T’ong, Yunnan, South-
West China. It stands upon a plateau
encircled by mountains, at an elevation
of 7,000 feet above the sea.
If a man had a giant’s stride, this
plateau would roughly represent one of
the three steps by which (in that quar-
ter) he could mount from the flat land of
central China to the summit of the
world. The people who form its scanty
population would do credit to any coun-
try. They are among the best of the
Chinese—unsophisticated, polite, pa-
Dr. Savin.
tient and industrious—while their
morals equal, if not surpass, those of
some European people. Such a people,
when terms of intimacy are reached,
can become your fast friends.
Chao-T’ong and its neighbourhood
has been a centre for some years past in
which medical missionary work has
been done by Dr. Lilian Grandin* and
the writer. Patients have been drawn
from all classes of society—from
Chinese, aborigines and Mohammedans.
Compared with some parts of China,
owing to the mountainous character of
the province, people are few; but
* Now Dr. Lilian Dingle.
II.—Ii? Cl?ao־־T’oi?g.
By the Rev.
L. SAVIN, M.R.C.S., L R.C.P.
diseases are many, and like the wolves
and other wild animals living among the
forests and mountains, prove destruc-
tive to human life.
There are small-pox, and the blind-
ness which in oriental countries often
follows it, chicken-pox, measles, mumps,
diphtheria, whooping-cough, typhus
and typhoid fevers. Dyspepsia is
chronic and universal. Rheumatism
and the diseases resulting from want of
food and cleanliness, and from parasites,
trouble both old and young. Some
diseases, rare now in England, such as
plague, leprosy, ague and the malarial
fevers are very prevalent. Though the
city stands at a high altitude there is
much overcrowding, and tubercular dis-
eases of bones and joints as a conse-
quence ; but there is little phthisis and
no scarlet fever or appendicitis.
There are seasonal complaints. The
high winds which blow from sunrise to
sunset during the late winter and
through spring, fill the air with coarse
dust, which not only finds its way into
all cracks and crevices, but into eyes
and ears and noses. Sore eyes, dry
skin, and running ears make one wish
for rainy weather.
The wet season, however, is the
time of great heat, unripe fruit, and a
plague of flies and mosquitoes. The
mortality from malaria and diarrhoea is
great. Patients become more numer-
ous, sometimes fifty or sixty per day.
The medical missionary work has \
been of use, not merely because it pro- J
vides healing for the body; it breaks
down prejudice and opens homes and
hearts that otherwise would be closed to
the influences of the gospel truths.
Patients attend the hospital and dis-
pensary accompanied by their friends,
and while waiting their turn for atten-
tion and medicine, great numbers _ of
people hear the message by preaching ,
and through conversation, who other- J
wise would have been unreached. /
Our Lord was a great medical mis- I
sionary. We follow his example. May 1
our numbers increase.
43


×™

I
'HE following has come from Mrs.
Eddon and is culled from two
letters which I have been privi-
leged to read :•—
“ As you will know our plans are
changed, and we are having to stay in
Tientsin. At first we were much dis-
appointed as we both like the work in
Shantung. But there is plenty of work
here, perhaps more for me than at Wu
Ting, as the air of unsettledness in the
■country makes women’s work difficult
just now. There are two women’s
meetings in connection with the Church
here, which, however, is two miles
away. Fortunately there are electric
cars. But I cannot go until we get
settled, and I can leave baby.
Our old nurse was free and has come
back to us. She is a good Christian
woman, she was with me in Tientsin
and the North two years, so I can trust
her with baby. We only got into our
house a few days ago, our goods from
Wu Ting Fu are to be unloaded from
the boat to-morrow, so we have some
â– unpacking ahead.
The changes in China are very
marked since we left. There is now a
semi-foreign air about nearly all the
Chinese who do not belong to the
lowest classes. It was strange to see
nearly all the men in Shanghai without
their pigtails. Here only about one in
ten of the lower classes are without
them.
My husband and I are the better for
our furlough. It has been a stimulus
to come in contact again with the home
churches and we feel the stronger for
it. We are hoping that we may be
much used for good during this time of
service. There is so much to be done,
and so few to do it, we are overwhelmed
with the thought until we remember
“ how much He can do with how little.”
It helps us to know of the real interest
so many take at home, and, how hard
they work at that end. We shall do
our very best at this. How well the
W.M.A. has done this last year! I am
sure the work out here benefits much as
a result of the prayers of our women
at home.
“ It is very cold here and especially so
after the journey through the tropics.
The change has upset our wee boy a
little, but I think he is getting all right
again now. We have had no news of
Miss Ethel Squire, but hope she is
better.”
The members of our W.M.A. will
share Mrs. Eddon’s concern about Miss
Squire. Her father, Rev. R. Squire,
writes : “ My dear Ethel was taken into
hospital last Thursday (January 2nd),
and on Friday put under chloroform
once more and the wound opened afresh
outside and in.” A later letter says,
“ She was able to sit up a little on the
6th.” We tender our sincere sympathy
to the sufferer, and her dear ones, and
keep on praying for her.
Miss Lettie Squire, B.A., of Chao-
tong, writes:
“October 22nd, 1912.
“ The ninth day of the ninth month,
according to Chinese reckoning or the
eighteenth of October by our Western
calendar, was a red-letter day in Yun-
nan province, for then was held the first
yearly commemoration of the new
Government. A year ago on that day
this province formally went over to the
Revolutionary party, although, accord-
ing to a Chinese patriotic song, not a
dog barked, not a cock crowed, to mark
the important event, so peacefully was
the change effected. Many of the
streets in Chaotong were decorated
gaily with flags, bunting, fir trees
and lanterns; the last being of
every conceivable shape and colour,
45


The Work of Our Women’s Auxiliary
each with its own signification. Some
streets were covered in with bunt-
ing, and were besides spanned with
frequent arches, where small mirrors,
reflecting the moving throng, proved a
great attraction. But one has been re-
minded how very easily comedy may
change to tragedy. One of these
decorative lanterns represented opium
smoking, and had the figures of a man
and a woman in this connection. A
young married couple, having passed
that way, the husband twitted his wife
who was addicted to the habit of opium-
smoking. The wife took it' to heart,
and waited her opportunity, when she
took a very large dose of opium, and
was past saving when her condition was
discovered. She had been the pride of
her mother’s heart, and not long ago
came to see our school and hospital,
brought by her mother, whose only
daughter she was. Her husband was
also fond of her, and had no idea that
his words had so wounded his young
wife. It would not be very surprising
should the poor old mother die of grief,
for she was unusually devoted to her
daughter, having actually given away
two sons in order to bring up this girl in
comfort. It makes one’s heart ache to
think of her. I must return, however,
to my subject. For the day mentioned
×´* Bonnie Corner,×´* Wenchow.
above, the officials and gentry arranged
a demonstration by all the scholars and
soldiers of the district, on a large green
outside the north gate of our city. We
knew of this only about a week before-
hand, so our preparations were neces-
sarily hurried. As we had no school
flags our girls put together to buy
material. They made the banners and
flags themselves, two large five-coloured
ones, and other smaller ones with
characters to denote our school in
general or the kindergarten department
in particular. A few of the bigger girls
were busy practising bat and ball, others
were learning to skip, while the little
ones were revising some action-songs,
as these were the three items we had
listed for our Girls’ School. Our small
programme would have been very or-
dinary in England, but in far away Yun-
nan these games and songs are still un-
common. The girls also practised a
few of their part songs in case they were׳
needed, besides learning a national'
song, prepared for the occasion. In ac-
cordance with regulations we got ready
four girls for Red Cross work in case of
accidents. These girls wore white gar-
ments with red crosses on their sleevesâ– 
and carried a bag fitted with simple׳
medicines ; they also had a small flag;
of their own. When we had only one׳
clear day remain-
ing, I was talking
over our arrange-
ments in Mr. and'
M r s. Dymond’s■
home; we were
wishingÖ¾ we could
have prepared
something d i s-
tinctive, so vari-
o u s suggestions׳
were made; one'
was the presenta-
tion of bouquets,
another the wear-
ing of the national
colours. In the
end Mrs. Dymond'
kindly offered to
prepare twoâ– 
bouquets, using
colours to corres-
pond with the flag
[Photo : Dr. Plutnmetx of the Chinese
46


The Work of Our Women’s Auxiliary
Republic. Next day the girls and
others worked hard making sashes,
of red, yellow, blue, white, and
black. These were worn over the
right shoulder and under the left arm.
On the eventful morning we were early
astir. The scholars, after an early
breakfast, came dressed in their best
apparel and were decorated with the
hastily-made sashes. After waiting for
one and another they formed up in twos
with the little ones in front. The two
assistant teachers with a few elder girls
acted as orderlies, and so, with the
national flags in front, and the others
along the line, we started. I rode in
a two-man open dhair immediately be-
hind and wore a five-coloured rosette.
Reaching the green, our way lay under
an arch and two crossed flags. Here I
alighted from my chair and walked on
with the girls, but was soon separated
from them and put among the guests,
as we all had our appointed places. It
is thought that several tens of thousands
of people were present, many country
folk having come to the city for the
celebrations. There were various pre-
liminaries, after which batches of
soldiers or scholars entered in turn the
large central ring and went through
their several parts, each item being an-
nounced by a man running round with a
blackboard. Our girls had thus three
turns, the little ones not coming on till
fairly late in the afternoon, so I was
kept more or less nervous for several
hours. The girls’ sashes looked pretty
and served as a distinguishing mark, as
well as being suitable to the occasion.
When their part was over all our
scholars present (ninety-four in num-
ber) lined up with two tiny girls in
front. They marched up to pay their
respects to the presiding officials, and
presented the bouquets to the military
mandarin who ranks first, and to the
former prefect who was helping in the
day’s arrangements. These officials
praised the girls highly and came over
to thank me, so that the little attention
evidently pleased them. Later on we
foreigners were invited to drink tea with
the officials and their ladies in a tent
put up for the occasion. The French
priest was also there, and the flags of
the three countries represented were
placed on the table. In dismissing, the
various schools had an opportunity to
sing, so our girls sang first the patriotic
song, and then continued to sing their
other songs on their way back to the
school, and folks seemed pleased to hear
them. Two policemen cleared the way
for them as they marched through the
streets. Many people have spoken
highly of our girls since, and the little
ones’ action songs seem to have been
especially popular. Some who were in
the crowd say that many people who
paid no attention to th!e mandarin’s
speech stopped to listen to the little
ones’ songs, and clapped their hands in
approval, which shows that in some
respects the East is not so very different
from the West. Next day many of our
school girls walked several miles to pick
greenery for harvest festival decora-
tions ; we finished our part of the chapel
about eleven o’clock Saturday night.
We had good services on Sunday—the
chapel crowded, despite the enlarge-
ment, and there are nightly meetings
throughout this week. Some scholars
from better class families, who have
never come to chapel before, have not
only come to listen to the preaching,
but have also helped with the decora-
tions. No outside scholars are com-
pelled to attend our religious services,
so it is a great joy when we see them
come of their own will. They all have
Scripture lessons in the day school, at-
tendance at which has never been a
problem ; Christians and non-Christians
come voluntarily, so we hope that the
leaven will work, and that all who at-
tend the school will be influenced to
believe in the God we serve. Our mili-
tary official, who is newly-appointed to
this city, invited our U.M. missionaries
to a meal yesterday, and said he wished
his daughter to come to the Mission
School to learn English, which subject
has been started this year, as it seemed
necessary in New China. This official
hopes that his little girl, now aged
twelve, will study medicine in England
later on, as there are so few qualified
doctors in China. We pray that all the
means we employ may be used of God
to uplift these people and bring honour
to our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ.”


Young People’s Page
Miss Squire, writing later—December
ist—says: “Mr. Dymond, in inviting
those who wished to be baptized,
mentioned the scholars. I brought
the matter before the school, and,
without any persuasion, quite a num-
ber gave in their names. I had a
talk with them, and their mothers were
interviewed. If parents objected, their
names were dropped, but in most cases
the parents were pleased. So this morn-
ing we had eighteen girls baptized.
Among them was one tiny girl of five,
but though so young she is very know-
ing, and has already refused to worship
the idols in her home.”
Mrs. Eayrs writes 'â– 
I desire gratefully to acknowledge
other gifts since our last number.
Mrs. Kimber, Milk Street Church,
Bristol.
A Friend.
Mrs. Shipway and W.M.A. Branch,
Redland Grove, Bristol.
Nurse Consterdine, Milk Street Church,
Bristol.
Four Nurses, Milk Street Church,
Bristol.
The Rev. R. Brewin. Loughborough.
Miss A. Chadwick and Class of Girls,.
Rawtenstall.
Any further gifts will be sent out
when our new Lady Missionary goes
forth. God speed the day!
THE MONTHLY PRAYER
MEETING.
Hymns:
“ From North and South, and East
and West.”
“ Jesus, lover of my soul.”
“ I gave My life for thee.”
Praise:—For the ready response of
our friends to the calls for help that
come from our foreign stations; and
for the many hundreds who are receiv-
ing Christian baptism among the
aborigines of West China.
Prayer.—For Miss Squire’s recovery
from her prolonged illness, and that
Rev. John Hedley’s tour may lead to his
complete restoration. For Mrs. Savin
and the children of our missionaries
who remain in the homeland.

Youpg People’s
Page.
eNCE a little girl, who loved her
Saviour very much for having so
loved her, came to her minister
with some money for the Missionary So-
ciety. He opened the paper, and found
eighteen shillings.
“ Eighteen shillings, Mary! How
did you collect so much—is it all your
own ? ”
“Yes! Please, sir, I earned it.”
“But how, Mary? You are so poor.”
“ Please, sir, when I thought how He
had died for me I wanted to do some-
thing for Him ; and I heard how money
was wanted to send the good news out
to the heathen.”
“Well, Mary?”
“ Please, sir, I had no money of my
own, and I wanted to earn some ; and I
thought a long time, and it came to me
Rail? froi? Heavei?.
By tbe Rev.
G. COATES.
how there were many washerwomen
that would buy soft water. So I got all
the buckets and cans I could collect;
and all the year I’ve been selling the
soft water for a halfpenny the bucket—
that’s how I got the money, sir.”
The minister looked at the little girl
who had been working so long and so
patiently for the Master, and his eyes
glistened. ,
“ My dear Mary,” he said, “ I am very
glad that your love to our Saviour has
led you to do this work for Him; 1
shall gladly put down your name as a
Missionary subscriber.”
“ Oh, no, sir, not my name.”
“Why not, Mary?”
“Please, sir, I’d rather no one know
but Him. If something must be put in
please to write “Rain from Heaven.”
And so the little disciple went away.
»


THE
Livin^stopc
Nurpber
Missionary Echo
OF
Sbe ׳United flbetbobtst Cburcb.
David
v • • . « By tbc Rev.
Livipgstene. w. A. grist.
THE approach of “ The
David Livingstone
Centenary ” carries
thought back to a period
before the introduction of
railways and telegraphy.
Our hero was born in the
Scottish village of Blantyre
on the 19th March, 1813.
The afterglow of the
F rench Revolution had
given place to storm and
darkness; the hopes of
liberty had been crushed
out by the barbarism of the
Napoleonic wars. At that
time Thomas Carlyle was
fighting his grim battle for
fame at Craigenputtock:
Charles Darwin, the dis-
coverer of evolution, was
just three years of age.
Not a few of the great men
who were afterwards to
adorn the Victorian period
by their achievements in
art, letters, and science,
were, in 1813, children of
obscurity and poverty. The
home of David Livingstone
is beautifully described in
Burns’s “ Cottar’s Saturday
Night.” Neil Livingstone,
David’s father •— first a
tailor, then a tea-dealer
—was a poor man, yet
withal a lover of good
books, and a zealous ad-
vocate of evangelical re-
ligion. The mother ol
Livingstone reading the Bible.
[Favoured by Mr. Basil Matthews, M.A.,
from his "Livingstone the Pathfinder.×´
March, 1913.


David Livingstone
the famous missionary is described as a
plain, homely, good woman who
maintained the high-toned thought
and conduct of Yne household by
her unobtrusive piety. David’s an-
cestors came originally from the
island of Ulva in the Hebrides. One
of the cherished traditions in the Liv-
ingstone family was that their ancestry,
through the several generations which
could be recalled, had never been
stained by a dishonest act. In the days
of his acknowledged greatness David
Livingstone looked back with gratitude
to the lowly beginnings and hard con-
ditions of his early life. Poverty may
be a more precious inheritance than
riches. In that Spartan home in Scot-
land Neil Livingstone taught his chil-
dren to understand the rule of noblesse
oblige.
At ten years of age David was a
factory boy, working from 6 a.m till 8
p.m. His indomitable temper was
shown by his earnest pursuit of learn-
ing. The first pocket-money he ever
earned was used to buy a Latin Gram-
mar, and this he fixed to the spinning
jenny, so that he might catch glimpses
in the flying moments of daily toil. His
memory had been drilled by learning
long passages of Scripture, and as a
child he was able to repeat the 119th
Psalm with only five mistakes. David
early evinced a strong taste for the
study of science—geology, botany, and
astronomy. He did not care for re-
ligious books and his refusal to read Wil-
berforce’s “ Practical Christianity ” pro-
voked his father to administer chastise-
ment. But the intellectual aspirant was
at last awakened into high spiritual pur-
pose by reading the writings of Dr.
Dick, who showed the youth that
science and religion were not necessarily
hostile. This conversion could not be
kept secret, and David recalls in later
years how a devout working man, when
dying, said to him, “Now, lad! make
religion the everyday business of your
life, and not a thing of fits and starts;
for if you do not, temptation and other
things will get the better of you.”
The Livingstone family had for years
availed themselves of all the missionary
literature which could be procured, and
the ambition to become an ambassador
of Jesus Christ in China was kindled in
David’s heart by an appeal from Dr.
Karl GiitzlafE, of Hong-Kong. The
Scotch youth now earned enough in
summer to become a student at Glasgow
University in the winter (1836-37).
Medicine and theology were chosen as
his special studies. During his second
winter’s course he was accepted by the
L.M.S. as a candidate for the mission
field, and sent to Essex for probationary
tuition. His first attempt to preach was
an ignominious failure, and he naively
confessed to the congregation, “ Friends,
I have forgotten all I had to say.” Even
in later years the thought of making a
speech seemed to him a more terrible
ordeal than to face the perils of African
travels. When, at last, the toil of years
was so far rewarded that David Living-
stone received his diploma as a doctor,
China was closed to him by the Opium
War. At this juncture that great mis-
sionary, Dr. Moffat, crossed Living-
stone’s path, and brought about his de-
cision to go to Africa. This was one of
the many links in the chain of Divine
Providences which the great explorer,
like another St. Paul, loved to trace in
his life. He felt that he was treading
predestined paths.
In 1840 Livingstone started on his
journey for Africa. At that time no
one anticipated a brilliant career for
him. He seemed a man of plain gifts;
some would have called him common-
place. And yet he had already given
proof of his unconquerable purpose to
use life nobly. The attitude of the
man is expressed by himself, “I am
ready to go anywhere—-provided it be
forward" He rejected the offer of a
Church at Capetown, and went on at
once to Kuruman—the farthest mission
station at that time, 150 miles north
of the Orange River. From the
first he exhibited the passion of a
pioneer; he could not be content to build
upon another man’s foundations. He
visited many tribes even in these first
years of missionary life and acquired an
easy command of their tongues. Pro-
fessor Blaikie says:
“ From the very first, his genial address,
simple and fearless yet firm manner, and
transparent kindliness formed a spell which
rarely failed. He had great faith in the
power of humour. He was never afraid of
a man who had a hearty laugh.”


David Livingstone
We catch a glimpse of the missionary
heart as we overhear Livingstone’s
lament at the death of a native
attendant:
“Poor Seehamy, where art thou now?
Where lodges thy soul to night? Didst
thou think of what I told thee as thou
turnedst from side to side in distress? I
could now do anything for thee. I weep
for thy soul .... But I told thee of a
Saviour : didst thou think of Hirn, and did
He lead thee through the dark valley? ”
The story of our hero’s encounter with
the lion is familiar to all readers. The
savage beast crunched his left shoulder
and maimed his arm for life. By the
marks of this attack Sir William Fer-
gusson and other doctors identified his
dead body when brought to England in
1874—thirty-four years after. He de-
signed and built a house at Mabotsa,
where he brought Mary Moffat as a
bride. Mrs. Livingstone became subse-
quently known as Ma-Robert, i.e., the
mother of Robert, and Ma-Robert is a
household word in South Africa to-day.
Dr. Livingstone described his wife as
a little, sturdy, thick girl, with black
hair. Those early years of married life
were characterized by united toil and
joyous love. Livingstone says that he
was Jack-of-all-trades outdoors, and she
was maid of all work within. When at
last they were separated by missionary
sacrifice, he wrote, “ I see no face like
the sunburnt face that has so often kind-
ly looked on me.” And when they met on
English soil once again, she welcomed
him with artless verses which are full of
pathos for those who can read aright.
“Oh ! long as we parted, ever since you went
away,
I never passed a dreamless night, or knew
an easy day.”
From Mabotsa the Livingstones moved
on forty miles farther to Chonuane
among the Bakwains. Here he won
the Chief Sechele to be a Christian, and
the new convert wished to compel his
people to join the Christian religion by
free use of whips! Whilst working
from this centre Livingstone came into
collision with the Boers, and soon
formed strong opinions concerning the
their barbarous and inhuman treatment
of the Africans. Step by step the mis-
sionary was led on to become the great
Path-finder of Africa. Like another
John the Baptist, he was to prepare theâ– 
way of the Lord. Accompanied by Mr,
Oswell, an elephant-hunter, one of Dr.
Arnold’s old Rugby boys, Livingstone
crossed the Kalahari desert and dis-
covered Lake Ngami. This achieve-
ment led the President of the Royal
Geographical Society to say, “ The lake
belongs to missionary enterprise.” Later
on Livingstone succeeded, after many
attempts and unimagined hardships to
himself and family, in reaching theâ– 
country of the famous Chief, Sebituane.
On this journey they were without
water for four days. The missionary
had hoped for important results from
friendship with this great African, but
after three weeks’ intimacy Sebituane
died, and Livingstone mourned as
David for Absalom. But Livingstone
had found the great task for which his
whole life had been a providential train-
ing. The passion of the explorer con-
sumed him ; he dreamed of opening the
dark continent to Christianity and com-
merce. In order to carry out this noble׳
purpose he gave up his wife and chil-
dren: they went to England, and he
stayed behind “ to open a path through
the country or perish.” The destruction
of his house at Kolobeng by the Boers
might have seemed to him the last proof
that he was destined for a career of wan-
dering; neither Boers nor Portuguese
were able to quench the courage
and passion of this modern Ulysses.
From Linyanti he slowly urged his way
North and West to Loanda and looked
again upon the Atlantic. There he felt
the yearning for home and loved ones ;
but he had given his word to his native
guides to see them safely back. David
Livingstone never dreamed of breaking
his word. Instead of starting for Eng-
land he conceived the daring project of
returning to Linyanti and then making
his way across to the East Coast. He
faced and overcame stupendous diffi-
culties. Savage beasts and more savage
men threatened him. His success was
beyond all anticipation; from Lake
Dilolo to Linyanti was now familiar
ground ; but afterwards his journey
along the banks of the mighty Zambesi
to the East Coast was crowded with
fresh adventures and valuable dis-
coveries. A fortnight after leaving


David Livingstone
ILinyanti, in November, .1855, he came
to the famous waterfall, and loyally
named it the Victoria Falls. It
was the first time any European
had looked upon this majestic scene.
There were five columns of water
.darkly mingling with the clouds
.above, while three hundred feet below
they poured a snowy, boiling, roaring
.mass through rock-bound channels
among the hills. But the intrepid ex-
plorer had not reached the goal; onward
he pressed towards the coast. At times
it almost seemed as if human strength
would fail, sickness prostrated him,
hostile chiefs threatened him ; but when
,confronted with direst perils he cast
himself upon the promise which accom-
panied the Lord’s great missionary
charge, saying simply: “It is the word
of a Gentleman of the most sacred and
strictest honour, and there is an end
on’t.” At last on the 3rd March, 1856,
he arrived at the Portuguese settlement
at Tette.
He had been sustained all along that
wonderful journey not only by the ex-
plorer’s instinct, but also by the mis-
sionary’s enthusiasm. “ The end of the
geographical feat is only the beginning
of the enterprise.” He has not changed
his purpose, but he holds it now with a
statesman’s grasp. “ The conversion of
a few, however valuable their souls may
be, cannot be put into the scale against
the knowledge of the truth spread over
the whole country.”
Dr. Livingstone’s first visit to Eng-
land after fifteen years in Africa was
the occasion of a great outburst of
national enthusiasm and his movements
almost became a splendid triumph.
Honours were showered upon him; rich
and poor, learned and illiterate, eagerly
sought to speak with him. He visited
the universities and aroused a new in-
terest in missions. He spent months in
preparing his fascinating and crowded
book on “Missionary Travels and Re-
:searches in South Africa.” He was re-
â– ceived by the Oueen, and the Zambesi
Expedition was organized under his
leadership. On returning to Africa—
this time as a British Consul—•he found
•some of his old native followers still
awaiting him on the East Coast. The
;great event of this expedition was the
discovery of Lake Nyassa in Septem-
ber, 1859. The Universities Mission
was founded under Bishop Mackenzie—
a direct consequence of Livingstone’s
appeal at Cambridge. But soon the
tide of success turned, and the Zambesi
Expedition was subjected to the secret
opposition of the Portuguese. The
horror of the African slave-trade was
burnt into Livingstone’s brain. Scenes
of fertility and peace which he had pre-
viously passed through were now
changed into tracts of desolation and
death. At this time, too, he sustained
the greatest personal blow of his life by
the death of Mrs. Livingstone. She
had wearied of separation and accom-
panied him on this expedition ; but now
she was stricken down by fever and
buried by the large baobab tree at
Shupanga. Then, for a time, the famous
explorer almost succumbed: “For the
first time in my life,” he said, “ I feel
willing to die.” “ A brave good woman
was she,” and again he reiterates this
sincerest of love’s tributes to a wife, “ A
right straightforward woman was she.”
The Expedition was recalled: it
seems as if our Government grew timid
at the manifest resentment of the Portu-
guese. The time was to come when
the influence of David Livingstone in
Africa would prove more potent than
the cautious diplomacies of State
officials. Those in high places feared
the plain outspoken statements of the
explorer concerning the slave traffic.
At one notable meeting when he was
the honoured guest of statesmen and
dignitaries of the Church, his speech
went unreported! Livingstone had re-
signed his post in the L.M.S., but he
could never forget that he was a mis-
sionary. Although treated with amaz-
ing niggardliness by the British Govern-
ment Livingstone returned to Africa
yet once again as a Consul, with a com-
mission to ascertain the watershed be-
tween Nyassa and Tanganyika. From
the start of his journey up the
Rovuma. he was dogged by mis-
fortune. The loss of his medicine
box was the beginning of the end.
It is impossible within our allotted space
to give the faintest idea of the marvel-
lous journeys, sufferings and achieve-
ments of this time. He reached Lake


David Livingstone
Tanganyika; discovered Lakes Moero
and Bangweolo. At first he imagined
that the dream inspired by Sir Roderick
Murchison, that he might discover the
sources of the Nile, was realized; but
later he knew that it was not. He was
cast upon the good will of Arab slavers,
—sick, nigh unto death, and yet he
writes to a brother, “ All will turn out
right at last.” For a period of eighty
days he was detained in a lonely hut at
Bambarre, and during his sickness, he
tells us, he read the Bible through four
times.* As soon as he gets strength he
is out again, tracing the course of the
Lualaba. The people of England and
America did not know whether he'was
alive or dead: he was lost to the world.
The story of Stanley’s mission is known
now in every land. Stanley’s right to
fame rests simply upon the fact that he
found Livingstone at Ujiji. Living-
stone listened wonderingly to Stanley’s
report of the Franco-Prussian War:
while Stanley heard with feelings akin to
awe the tale of Livingstone’s wander-
ings. But the great-hearted explorer
would not come home before he had
finished his task. Once again he re-
turned with a few faithful Africans to
the spongy jungle on the East of Lake
Bangweolo. At last he broke down
under the combined attacks of fever and
chronic dysentery. His attendants car-
ried him in a litter to Ilala, and on the
first of May, 1873, they found him
kneeling by his bedside—he had en-
tered into his rest even as he prayed.
Under a large tree Susi and Chuma
buried his heart, and then with a cour-
age worthy of their master’s teaching
and example, they carried his body to
the coast. The great Path-finder was
home at last. His remains were rever-
ently laid among Britain’s greatest sons
in Westminster, and on the black slab
are engraved David Livingstone’s last
written words as he prayed for the
abolition of the slave-trade, “All I can
say in my solitude is, may Heaven’s
rich blessing come down on every one—
American, English, Turk—who will
help to heal this open sore of the
world.”
From first to last Livingstone was
;governed by his unswerving belief in
* See illustration, •p. 49.—Ed.
the Divine purpose in his own life. “ He
was not disobedient to the Heavenly
vision.” He reminds us of Abraham
going out at the Divine call, not know-
ing whither. But although always
guided by a stern sense of duty, he in-
variably exhibited a broad and genial
humanity. He loved the Africans and
treated them with the same gentle
courtesy which he showed to the whites.
His courage has rarely been excelled in
the annals of discovery and scientific
research. He was a man of simple
piety: his communings with God were
as those of a child with a father. As
we review the steps of his career from
the factory at Blantyre to his entomb-
ment at Westminster we are filled with
reverence. He revealed Africa to the
world; an imaginary Sahara was
changed into a fertile land with great
rivers and lakes. About a million square
miles of inhabited land were laid open by
him to the knowledge of the West. Not
only did he prove, a successful
geographer, but he also won the ad-
miration of our greatest scientists by the
fullness and accuracy of his observa-
tions. Later travellers have done little
for this part of Africa beyond con-
firming the descriptions given by Living-
stone.
Most of all, this famous missionary ex-
plorer claims our homage by his fear-
less, unwavering exposure of the horrors
of slavery. Yet, great as were his
achievements, still greater works have
followed from his death. A spirit went
out of him that can never die. Many
missions have been planted in places he
discovered: trade routes have been
opened; and in many parts slavery is
now declared to be illegal, although the
Portuguese still ravage the districts held
by them. The Livingstone centenary
awakes again the potent memories of
heroism and sacrifice, and calls the
Church to fresh courage, enterprise,
and hope, for the enlightenment and
emancipation of Africa.
Tbc Livingstone Centenary X
Demonstration will be beld
at tbe Albert Hall, on
Wednesday, Marcb »9tb, 19לי•
53


David Livipgsteipe.
Born at Blantyre, Scotland, March 19th, 1813, Died May 1st,
Buried in Westminster Abbey, April 18th, 1874.
7S7J.
From out the grass-roofed hut in far Illala,
Beneath the shadow of the tropic palm,
Where sudden on that life of heat and labour
There settled evening’s healing cool and calm;
When he, who through long years of toil had wandered
Folded his hands for ever on his breast,
And they who watched him, drawing near with reverence
Whispered, “ The mighty master is at rest.”
Up from the tangled groves and reedy thickets,
By lake and river’s dank and marshy shore,
O’er mountain and o’er plain, ’mid foes and danger,
With faithful hands the cherished form they. bore.
Thus many moons had come and gone upon them,
Until at last they reached the longed-for strand,
And then they brought their dead across the ocean,
And laid him down within his father’s land.
Yes, long and grand the funeral march they gave him,
Those sons of Afric’, bringing home their trust,
Like them of old, who through their desert journey
Bore up from Egypt Joseph’s treasured dust.
Oh! traveller from that unknown wild’s recesses
For thee may Britain well her hands outspread—•
Well may she seek to give thee noblest burial
And lay thee with the mighty of her dead.
No warrior thou, borne home from fields of slaughter,
With earthly pride and blood-bought honour crowned,
But greater far, for' deeds of highest daring,
Of mercy, and of Christian love, renowned.
Wails of the vanquished, groans of the despairing,
Mar not the music of thy funeral hymn,
And with no smoke of burning kraal in ruins,
Or lands deserted, is thy glory dim ;
For thou went’st forth to loose the iron fetters,
The spoiler’s deeds of darkness to unveil,
And in the spirit of thy Heavenly Master,
The broken-hearted and oppressed to hail.
So, ages hence, when from her shores enlightened,
Glad voices peace and liberty proclaim,
Shall Africa thy blessed memory cherish,
And teach her sons this noble white man’s name.
And worthy sepulchre she. too, had found thee,
Beside the long-sought fountains of her Nile,
Within the shadow of her ancient mountains,
Or where Marava’s silver waters smile.
54


Foreign Secretary’s Notes
Protestant Christendom contributed
last year £6,080,880 to maintain its mis-
sionary agencies. Of this amount the
Britsh churches raised £1,977,802.
These are large figures, but they are not
so large as they would be if all pro-
fessing Christians took their proper
share in the fulfilment of the command
of their Lord to preach the Gospel to
every creature. It is computed that not
more than 25 per cent of the members
of the churches take any share in main-
taining missionary work abroad. If
this be so how easily might the mission-
ary income be quadrupled and thereby
made sufficient to send the Gospel to
every creature within the course of the
present generation.
Courage In one of his missionary
Rewarded. excursions to the hilly
country in search of Miao
and Kopu villages Rev. A. Evans found
himself in a disturbed district. Hostility
had been excited by evil reports of the
foreigner who was held responsible for
all the ills the people suffered. About
seven miles from a village Mr. Evans
was warned not to enter it because the
people would probably kill him. Not-
withstanding this report he entered the
village and called at the yamen of the
Temple at Chao Tong.
[Note incense-burner in front, and on either side a tree said to possess extra-
ordinary power to control the destinies of the devotees.—Rev. H. Parsons.}
landlord for lodging. The lad who
answered the call turned white with fear
at the sight of the foreigner. The in-
mates declared the landlord was not at
home, and directed the unwelcome visi-
tor to another house. Here also his ap-
proach caused alarm and the women
hastened to bar his entrance. But Mr.
Evans reached the house in time to pre-
vent the door being closed. He took
possession of one of the rooms, and, in
his most insinuating manner, assured
the women that he intended no harm
and that he must have lodging there
that night, and that he was quite ready
to pay for it. Fear and suspicion sur-
rounded him. No one would heed his
requests, and soon he was left alone. A
deaf old woman who could not share in
the altercation at last came to his relief,
showed him where he might find straw
for his horse and brought him eggs,
beans, etc., for his evening meal. Pre-
sently the frigid manner of the other
women melted and conversation com-
menced. Mr. Evans’s guide, who first
bolted, now returned and was soundly
cursed by one of the women for bring-
ing the foreigner to the house. Mr.
Evans told her not to curse him but to•
laugh at him for being a coward. This
she did so effectively that he threatened
to strike her
and was
promptly bitten
by one of the
household dogs.
Mr. Evans spent
the night as
pleasantly as
circumst a n c e s
would permit,
and the next
morning he left
on good terms
with the people,
and invited the
landlord to visit
our mission•
house in Tong
Chuan.
Miao Ingatherings
During recent
tours Mr. Pol-
lard had the joy
of baptizing a
56


A Chinese Girls’ School
Oxford, was the best man. The bride
was prettily attired in white Chinese
;silk. There was only â– one bridesmaid.
Miss Helen Scott, also of Newnham and
Bedford Colleges.
A reception was subsequently held at
Lancaster Lodge, and later the bride
and bridegroom left for their honey-
moon in Kent, where the bride spent
her schooldays. Her travelling dress
was of blue Chinese silk, and she wore
a sable coat which had been brought
from China by the bridegroom.
We have asked permission to append
the hymn, composed for the occasion
by the Rev. W. E. Soothill, M.A.:
Lord of Life to Thee we offer,
Lives we now unite
By a compact, solemn, mystic,
In Thy holy sight.
May they ever live to bless Thee,
And confess Thee
Lord of Life.
"Lord of Love, to Thee we tender
Hearts of Love that crave
Benediction from Thy presence,
Loving hearts and brave.
May they ever live to bless Thee,
And confess Thee
Lord of Love.
Lord of all the way, we pray Thee,•
Guidance grant and grace,
That together journeying onward
Thev may see Thy face.
May they ever live to bless Thee,
And confess Thee
Lord and Guide.
Lord of all the unknown future,
Yet to Thee all known,
As their day so may their strength be,
Joy divine their crown.
May they ever live to bless Thee,
And confess Thee
Lord most wise.
Lord of Grace, Thy grace their dower,
Father, add Thy love,
Spirit Holy, blest communion
Grant them from above.
May they ever live to bless Thee,
And confess 'Thee
Lord most high.
A Chinese Girls’ School.*
IN our issue for December last we
noticed the appearance of an exercise
prepared for juvenile missionary anni-
versaries, by the Rev F. B. Turner, and
stated that it had been printed and is-
sued by a friend of Missions. We may
now state that the friend is Mr. F.
Cooper, of the High Street Circuit,
Huddersfield. He has arranged for the
rendering of the exercise through the
circuit, and the photograph shows the
representation at High Street. Mr.
Cooper is standing near Mr. Turner.
*A representation of Missionary work as actually carried
on by the United Methodist Church, lid., post free 2d.
, i **Chinese Girls’ School,** at High Street, Huddersfield. [Photo: J. H. Shaw.
58


Education in China
allowed to continue unregulated from
year to year.
4. To have a department for the
study of Theology; which will mean
a thorough study of comparative reli-
gion, that will enable the students to
know wherein the strength and weak-
ness of each system lies. And instead
of giving a monopoly to any one reli-
gious system, they will grant degrees to
the teachers of each of the historic re-
ligions of China.
How much of this can be carried out
remains to be seen.
It is interesting, almost pathetic, to
see the industry with which the Chinese
—when they make a forward move—
look up the records of the past to find
something that will justify the step, and
prove to an incredulous world that their
action is in accord with ancient pre-
cedent.
Even our most recent invention—the
aeroplane, and other forms of flying
machines—is claimed as but a redis-
covery of what was known in ancient
China. Where they flew to, history
recordeth not, and “ no man knoweth of
their sepulchre unto this day.”
So in reference to this subject of edu-
cation, we are gravely informed by a
young Chinese gentleman addressing
an English audience, a little while ago,
that: “It may be inconceivable to you,
but we can possibly find in the works of
our forefathers—2,000 years ago—
something corresponding to the ele-
ments of the most modern science.”
Let those believe this who can.
This clinging to the past has its dis-
advantages ; but in some respects it is of
obvious utility. It prevents the Chinese
of falling into the danger of going too
fast; as, Sir Henry Maine says, was the
case in the early progressive Greek
communities. For unless the people
can be carried forward in the advance,
the reform can only be but partial and
temporary.
Different aspects of the work come
into prominence at different times. For-
merly the emphasis was on evangelistic
street preaching. At present it is edu-
cational work upon which emphasis is
laid. The reform movement in its in-
itiation and advance owes much to
Christianity. The Bible Societies and
Religious Tract Societies have supplied
the groundwork which made such a
movement possible ; and in later years
the Chinese Literature Society and the
60


Education in China
Education Association are supplying
a great and growing need, in the trans-
lation and distribution of religious and
•educational books. The importance of
this will be understood when it is re-
membered that Agnostic works are being
translated into Chinese, and widely dis-
seminated among â– the reading classes of
China. And some of the professors in
the universities from Western lands are,
to put it mildly, unbelievers. One such
died in Tientsin a couple of years ago,
â– and ordered in his Will, that no religious
service was to be held over his body.
Now this man had written a history for
Chinese students ; that is, history with
׳God left out. It is any wonder, then,
that Atheistic Societies, called “Wu
Shen Hui ” (no-God Societies) have
been established by the students in the
Universities?
The great Chinese publishing house
in Shanghai—the Commercial Press—
whose books are approved by the Board
•of Education in Peking, and used in all
the national schools, does not, I am
thankful to say, favour the Agnostic
propaganda. Their books are such as
can be freely used with profit in our
Mission schools. At the Mission Cen-
tenary Conference at Shanghai the
managers of this publishing house gave
a reception; and at the reception the
manager said, “ They never had, and
never would, print a word depreciatory
of, or in any way antagonistic to, Chris-
tianity.”
Of the work done of recent years in
the North, I think I should place that of
the Y.M.C.A. first. By their reading-
rooms and night-classes and lectures, and
religious services, they are succeeding,
as the Churches are not, in getting hold
of the influential young men in Govern-
ment service and business houses. And
one or two of the wealthiest and most
influential men in Tientsin have been
won over by the Association to the side
׳of Christ.
Then the London Mission has a large
Anglo-Chinese school in Tientsin;
founded by Dr. Lavington Hart, and
until lately superintended by him. It
has over 400 students, some of them
sons of the higher officials. The in-
struction is in English, and on Sunday
there is a service for the scholars con-
ducted also in English: a goodly num-
ber are reported to have professed
Christianity.
The Methodist Episcopal Mission has
a large middle class school at the Port,
in which English is taught as one of the
branches. Those scholars who remain
for the complete course, and who pass
are eligible for the Peking University.
Several of our boys have gone through
this school.
In former years the question frequent-
ly asked, and asked with the conviction
that there was only one possible answer
to it, was, “ What is the use of this in-
struction in English? What advantage
is it to the Church ? ” That, I am glad
to say, is no longer asked to-day. We
have broadened the basis of our work
since then ; convinced that in dispelling
error, and spreading general know-
ledge, we are helping on the Kingdom
of our Master. Our American Method-
ist brethren have been working along
these lines for many years, and amid
adverse criticism have quietly gone on
their way. To-day they are reaping
the harvest. For many of the young
men who in past years were trained in
their schools, are now filling responsible
positions in the Chinese service or in
other employment, and, true to their
obligations, generously support the
Church which gave them their start in
life. Wesley Church, in Tientsin, is
entirely self-supporting, largely through
the interest and help of its former
pupils.
Our Mission in North China has so
far done very little along this line; and
in consequence we are getting farther
behind each year, as we keep losing
some of our best scholars, who, natur-
ally anxious to learn English and get
on in life, go to other mission schools,
and in the end are lost to us altogether.
The scheme, which has been ap-
proved by the Committee and the Con-
ference, but which, alas, want of funds
makes impossible of realization at
present, is to have a large Anglo-
Chinese College at Tang Shan, to which
the children from our elementary
schools could be transferred, when they
had passed a certain standard. It is
expected that the College, apart from
the English teacher’s stipend—would
61


A Reminiscence of the Boxer Movement in China
be self-supporting, after the institution
was in proper running order. A good
English education extending over four
years, at least, would be given; fitting
the boys for a commercial career. Those
who wished to pursue further studies
would be eligible for the Peking Uni-
versity, or for the Railway Technical
College at Tang Shan.
It is generally recognized on the Mis-
sion fields that to achieve the greatest
success we must not work along denomi-
national lines; especially is this so in
our educational work. So in China the
work has all been reorganized and com-
bined—medical, arts, and sciences, and
theological. Our Theological Institu-
tion in Tientsin is now about the only
one run on purely denominational lines
which has survived till the present year.
That now, from the late Conference, has
ceased as a separate institution, and
has been removed to Peking, to be
affiliated with the College of the
American Methodists, and with their
Peking University.
We have been trying for the past four
or five years to put our elementary day
schools on a better footing, and grade
them as far as possible along the line of
the national schools. For if we receive
the official recognition under the new
regime we are hoping for, a certain de-
gree of uniformity with the national
system of education will be insisted on.
If full religious liberty be granted and
no objectionable tests applied to our
lads seeking entrance into the national'
schools, the question arises whether it
will be worth our while to continue
these schools; except in villages where
no national school exists. It would be
simpler, and might be the wiser course,,
for us to begin with the higher grade.
These elementary schools have not
been the success we had hoped they
would be; but in other respects they
have been of great benefit to our village
churches. They serve as a convenient
meeting place for our members at night;
and it is from the scholars that most of
our members have of later years been
gathered: and of the seven ordained
pastors in our North China Church, four
of them are our own children, brought
up with us from earliest years. Further-
more, as our Sunday is observed as a
school holiday in the national schools of
China, the children of our people could
be got into the Sunday School where re-
ligious instruction could be given.
Probably, also, others of the school
children might be got to our Sunday
Schools, and a great work be done
along new lines.
These are questions that must be
faced in the near future; and it would
be wise for us to devise some definite
measures to meet the new situation and
fit ourselves for the new duties.
«־§=> °§=י
A Reipipiscepce of the
Boxer Moveipept ip Clppa.
“ A Boxer Prophet assured the vil-
lage that no works of the West could
hurt him, no bullet could harm him, no
train could crush him. As a railway
ran near the village, he and some of the
inhabitants adjourned thither to put his
invulnerablity to the test. The daily
train came puffing along, as the Boxer,
waving his sword, stood right in its path.
The driver was a European, and, seeing
so'me< one on the line, he pulled up his
train to avoid running over him. The
Boxer pointed to the train triumphantly,
and the astonished villagers became
Boxers. There was, however, a sceptic
who refused to believe, so next day they
repaired again to the line, and the Boxer
again made his passes and uttered his
charms. Alas for him! this time the
driver was a Chinaman, and he was not
going to stop his master’s train because
a coolie fellow got in the way, so he put
on full steam and cut him to pieces, and
the village deserted the Boxer faith to a
man.”—From “Changing China,” by
Rev. Lord William Gaseoyne-CeciL
62


“ Mcp apd Mappers
ip Moderp Clpipa.”*
A Review.
By tbc Rev.
W. R. STOBIE.
THIS is not a new book on China
in the sense of being entirely
new information about that coun-
try and its people, for much of the in-
formation given may be obtained from
the works of other writers on China,
such as Wells Williams, Arthur Smith,
and Dr. Martin, among others, but the
method of presentation is as arrestive;
its popular treatment, with here and
there a glance of philosophic insight into
underlying principles as in chap. 2 on
“ How an Empire is Governed,” its
cinema-like style of rapid, yet continu-
ous, views of the people and the coun-
try, together with the introduction of
incidents which have come within the
author’s experience, as illustrating his
points, give if. all the novelty and at-
tractiveness of a new subject or a first
treatment. The illustrations are well
selected as regards their appositeness to
the contents of the book and are wisely
spaced, but one wishes to see in such a
book photos of better execution and
clearer in detail than several of them are.
The author has lived and worked
among the Chinese for half a century or
more, and in his profession as a mission-
ary has been able to obtain closer con-
tact with, and greater confidence of, the
people than is possible to any other
class of foreigners, and so may be re-
garded as a most reliable authority for
statements of fact, though occasionally
one meets with a slight mis-statement—
apparently quite accidental, but not
detrimental, happily, to the general ef-
feet of the book. Thus in chapter 1 he
says that many people thought that dis-
turbances would result from the erect-
ing of telegraph poles—the people re-
garding this superstitiously—but no-
thing of the kind, however, occurred.
Dyer Ball in “ Things Chinese ” tells us
that the people of the frontier town of
Li-chow in Hunan rose en masse in
1891 to prevent the introduction of the
telegraph and the Government had to
wait five years before it could be accom-
plished.
The second chapter, dealing with the
Government of the Empire, is specially
*** Men and Manners in Modern China.” By the Rev. J.
Mapgowan. T. Fisher Unwin. 12s. 6d. net. 1912.
interesting at this time when so much
thought is being focused on the new
political condition and social changes
taking place in China. On the one
hand we gain a view of the abject con-
ditions under which the people live,
and, on the other, we gain some impres-
sion of the potentialities of a people,
who, in spite of these conditions, have
preserved their national entity for so
long a period and appear capable of
showing greater virility than ever
before. And the wonder of it is, as
pointed out by the author, that this long
national existence has been preserved
by an idea—Responsibility. It is not
difficult to apprehend from this chapter
how much the Revolution is an index of
immense latent power and aspiration
among a people becoming actualized
against enormous odds—the breaking
away from such a long past and break-
ing through so much “ interest ” and op-
position.
One of the strong points and values of
this book is that it gives such an insight
into many of the really estimable quali-
ties of the Chinaman, and especially is
this so in the chapter on “ Literary De-
grees.” What prodigious industry, per-
severance and sacrifice the Chinese
aspirant for literary fame has shown
under the old scholastic regime ! It must
not be forgotten that Chinese scholars
are showing similar industry, persever-
ance and sacrifice in the pursuit of the
New Learning.
There is food for much thought in the
pages of this volume, especially for
those interested in religious matters and
in the evangelization of heathen peoples,
particularly as in chapter 7 on Ancestral
Worship; a very fine, illustrative, and
touching chapter on, perhaps, the most
important phase of Chinese life to the
missionary, showing how complex and
subtle are the difficulties of the mission-
ary’s work. The chapter on The
Chinese Classics shows us how power-
ful is the effect of lofty ideas on the life
of a people and how they have influ-
enced the corporate life of the Chinese.
But to have lived for years in China,
and to have seen that among the very
classes who have spent so much of their
64


“ Men and Manners in Modern China ”
time and energy in acquiring a know-
ledge of these ideas as they are found in
the Classics, there is a woeful paucity of
the ideal life set forth in those classics
or of any approach to it, and to know
that these very classes are generally
looked upon by Chinese Christians as
typical of the Scribes and Pharisees
of Holy Writ,
is to realize how
little, after all,
mere ideas can
sanctify personal
life and conduct.
Human beings are
more powerfully
influenced by Per-
sonality ■— Em-
bodied Ideas—
than by “ Ideal-
ity.” And herein
lies the secret of
the greater value
and ethical force
of Christianity—
it teaches devo-
tion to, and brings
the devotee under,
the influence of
the Personalized
Ideas of God, of
Truth, of Life, in
Jesus Christ. We
heartily commend
this book to all
who desire to ob-
tain an entranc-
ing, and at the
same time a very
realistic, view of
Chinese life and
customs, as they
are still to be
seen, and likely
to be at least for
a few years,
among the mass
of Chinese, not
forgetting, how-
ever, that great
changes are modi-
fying this view in
some of its as-
pects, notably in
Educational and
Political matters.
It is a pity, how-
ever, that such a book cannot be pub-
lished at a price which would ensure its
accessibility to the great number of in-
telligent people who need to become ac-
quainted with the condition of affairs in
such mighty nations as China, but
whose income cannot allow of their pay-
ing such a price.
A. City Street.
[The three large characters on the shop sign stretching across the street, are
most typical, and mean ' Not two pieces.' W^S.^ pubUsher
65


A Year’s View of a Typical Mission
to upper rooms in case the city should
be flooded. Nyoh-zing says that they
took little notice of this, and delayed
their preparations, not thinking that the
flood would assume serious proportions.
They prepared and ate their mid-day
meal. In the early afternoon the water
poured in and flooded the downstairs
rooms. Very quickly it rose above the
knees, and, after carrying as many
things upstairs as could be done in the
short time at their disposal they all had
to retire to the upper room. As dark-
ness came on they were seized with fear.
The water was still rising, and they
knew that they must crawl out on to the
roof for safety. Their house stood
higher than the surrounding ones, so
many of the neighbours climbed up,
until there were about thirty altogether.
Nyoh-zing describes how they were
there in the darkness, wondering if they
would be saved—each provided with a
beam from the roof, and two or three
trying to make a raft—when the whole
structure began to shake and move,
and, before they realized what had hap-
pened, they had been carried on the
Nyoh-Zing, and the [Aftss F. Holt.
School Ah-Mo.
roof over the city wall and into the
river. There was wreckage on all sides,
and hundreds of people were clinging to
it in the hope of being saved.
As they rushed on, the part of the.
roof to which the visitor was clinging
became severed from the rest, and a
whirlpool claimed him as one of its many
victims. Shortly afterwards Nyoh-
zing’s aunt lost her hold, and was
drowned. The rest were carried on-
wards, onwards. Forty miles brought
them to Wenchow, and still no friendly
hand was outstretched to save, and no
obstacle impeded their progress.
But they could not all hold on. By
the time that Nyoh-zing had passed by
the walls of Wenchow, and on past the
river islands out to sea, she was bereft
of companions. One by one they had*
gone, either having been unable to hold
on any longer, or having been caught
in some treacherous whirlpool and drawn
under the water. There was one other
of the seven saved—a boy who has
since returned to his home, having been
rescued at a different place from Nyoh-
zing.
Still clinging to a part of the roof,
Nyoh-zing was picked up on an island
out at sea, about a hundred miles from
her home. Her rescuers were not pre-
pared to find the means for her to re-
turn, but proposed to sell her. This
became known to one of our preachers,
who interested himself on her behalf,
and, having first obtained permission,
brought her to the Mission. Her
father and her betrothed’s uncle were
present at the interview, and willingly
gave their consent to our proposal that
Nyoh-zing should come to school for
two or three years.
She has been with us about three
months now, and is a bright, intelligent,
loving girl. When she came she had
not heard the “ Jesus doctrine,” but in
the recent examination in religious
knowledge she answered many of the
questions quite correctly. She is in-
terested in her new surroundings, and
thoroughly enjoys school-life. We
hope that while she is with us Nyoh-
zing may learn to love the Lord Jesus,
and that, when the time comes for her
to return to her home in the country,
she may be a light-bearer for the King.


Foreign Secretary’s Notes
dale people is, apparently, sacrificial in
its nature. Poverty, want, and famine are
diseases of the body politic, impositions
of wicked spirits who, as in the case of
bodily sickness, will be appeased by a
sacrifice. Blood sacrifice is one of the
most common phenomena among the
Mendies and Sherbros. No rice
plantation is made without an offering
of blood. It is true that nowadays, it is
only the blood of a fowl. In far back
primitive times, says Grant Allen, the
usual sacrifice was a human one, and
portions of the body thus sacrificed were
distributed through many farms. The
primitive idea was, that there was some
close connection between the giving of
blood and the germination of the corn.
Some such rude idea seems to lie behind
the human sacrifices of the Sherbro
people. The needs of the body politic
will be granted as the result of a human
offering: strength will replace weak-
ness, wealth grow out of poverty, and
the personality of protecting deities be
incorporated through the mystic symbol
of Blood.
The cannibalism of the Imperreh and
Timdale will scarcely be able to survive
many more years. The British ad-
ministration is keeping an increasingly
strict watch over these districts, and
every fresh case that is brought to light
affords additional help for the detection
of other cases.
There have been many hangings and
deportations. The persistence of the
habit alone argues a rude religious
motive. Of course, it does not mini-
mize the horror and cruelty of the prac-
tice when one has pointed out an under-
lying primitive religious idea, but surely
no servant of Christ can see these people
groping in the darkness, and stretching
out their hands to false and immoral
conceptions of a Supreme Power,
without an impulse to help them
being stirred within him. One can-
not help but reflect on the im-
mensity of the task that lies be-
fore the Christian Church in Africa,
when people on the Atlantic sea-
board are still in such a backward con-
dition. Is there not great need to work
and pray that they may be brought to
faith in the All-Father, and in Christ
the great Sacrifice for the sins of the
world ?
'o c§<־»
Fcreigp Secretary’s
NoteS. Rcv^C. STEDEFORD
Visions. “Just hold the ropes a
wee bit longer and
visions will burst into glorious reality."
This glowing sentence from one of the
recent letters of Rev. F. J. Dyrnond ex-
presses the hope which inspires and
cheers our brethren and sisters who
labour in Yunnan. The power to see
visions is one of the gifts of the Holy
Spirit and a very essential part of a
missionary’s enduement. For long,
weary years our missionaries toiled in
Yunnan with little more than the vision
of future good to sustain their hearts.
But they were ever rich in faith and
vision. They claimed the land as part
of Christ’s assured inheritance. They
knew the Cross must conquer. They
have seen the people coming in their
hundreds and their thousands, but the
vision is not fulfilled. Now they see
Miao Bairns.
[Rev. H, Parsons.
“ Lambs of Thy flock, O God, are they,
God save the children.”
76


Foreign Secretary’s Notes
them coming in their hundreds of
thousands, and we are assured that if
we “ hold the ropes a wee bit longer
these visions will burst into glorious
reality.”
The same note of triumphant optim-
ism is struck by our brethren who are
taking possession of Meru. Writing from
Nairobi, when about to begin the march
across country to Meru, Mr. Worth-
ington says, “ Mr. Mimmack has in-
fected me with his enthusiasm, and to-
gether we sketch plans that it will take
years to realize even at the best.” They
see the Kingdom of God coming in
Meru. “ Your young men shall see
visions,” the promise of Pentecost, is
being fulfilled. We thank God for the
visions given to His servants abroad,
and we earnestly pray that the same
gift of vision may come to our people at
home. May God save us from short-
sightedness, permit us to see the distant
good, and make us willing to sacrifice
ourselves to attain it.
Miss Turner. Our friend reported her-
self at Port Said on Feb.
nth, and by. this time will be in the
midst of her work at Ning Ching. She
wrote:
“We had a storm in the Mediterranean
Which cleared the decks of passengers. It
was only 12 hours long, but quite long
enough. Every nation is represented at Port
Said, and they seem to have more respect
for Chinese than for any other language.
We are now steaming slowly towards
Suez. I prefer China myself.”
China's, This is the title of a peri-
Young Men. odical conducted by Chris-
tian Chinese as the organ
of the Young Men’s Christian Associa-
tions in China. It is issued both in
Chinese and in English. The move-
ment it advocates is making rapid pro-
gress, stimulated by the generous aid
of the Y.M.C.A. in other lands. Last
year North America contributed
A 100,000 toward the erection of Asso-
ciation buildings in some of the chief
cities of China. During the last five
years the number of Associations grew
from 59 to 94, and the membership from
3,590 to over 5,000.
The Y.M.C.A. movement promises to
become a very powerful force in the sal-
vation of China. Its spirit and method
77
are very attractive to Chinese youths,
especially the student youth. It aims
directly and supremely to lead young
men to embrace the Christian faith and
to live the Christian life. It sets before
young manhood the Christian ideals of
character and service, holiness, and
righteousness.
It is intended to establish an Associa-
tion in the capital of each of the iS
provinces. At Yunnan Fu, the capital
of the Western province where we
labour, the Y.M.C.A. was started im-
mediately after the revolution and is
doing excellent work. It owes its
origin to two young men, Messrs. Li
and Tung, who during their student
days in Tokyo, there learned the value
of the Association in the moral and
spiritual awakening of young men. As
the capital draws young men to its uni-
versity from all parts of the province it
is a grand centre for the kind of work
the Y.M.C.A. seeks to accomplish. The
work there is now conducted by two
very competent secretaries, one an
American gentleman, Mr. C. D. Hayes,
and one a trained Chinaman named
Ma.
One most gratifying feature of this
Mr. Wong D-i-fah, Assistant Master at
Ningpo College. [Photo: Hwa Ing. Ningpo.


׳
Foreign Secretary’s Notes
great movement is that it is directed
almost entirely by Christian Chinese
young men. They too are seeing
visions. One of the able editors of
“ China’s Young Men ” unfolds his
vision as he writes:
“What a glorious time it will be when
China, our beloved country, becomes a
Christian power, when the Bible is uni-
versally read, when churches are dotted all
over the country, when the entire atmos-
phere is filled with the tolling of church
bells, when love and happiness fill every
family, and when the whole four hundred
million people all sing together the holy
chorus to praise and glorify our Almighty
God.”
A Good Year In his address on the
at Ningpo Speech Day which marked
College. the close of the first Col-
lege year since the revolu-
tion, Principal Redfern was glad to
state that, with the exception of a slight
disturbance at the beginning of the
year, the general work of the College
had continued without interruption.
The College had been filled to its ut-
most capacity with 147 students, and a
large number of applicants could not
be received. We regret to report that
the services of Mr. Railton Yuen, B.A.,
on the College staff, terminate with this
year. During nine years he has ren-
dered very valuable service and the Col-
lege owes much to his personal influence
and ability. Though he will maintain
his connection with our church and con-
tinue to serve as a local preacher he
feels called upon to enter wider fields
which now open to him. He will be
succeeded in the College by Mr. Wong
Da Fah who is also a graduate of St.
John’s College and an earnest Chris-
tian. Next term the College will have
the services of Mr. John Grant, B.A.,
the son of Dr. Grant, a medical mis-
sionary in Ningpo. Mr. Grant speaks
the Ningpo dialect like a native, and is
therefore most valuable as a teacher,
but his services will be only until the
summer when he returns to Canada to
continue his studies with a view to be-
coming, like his father, a medical mis-
sionary.
The religious activities of the College
have been well maintained, and the Col-
lege Y.M.C.A. is very prosperous.
Human Great surprise has been
Sacrifices caused by the discovery
in West of the extent to whicn
Africa. cannibalism has been
practised in the regions
beyond Sierra Leone.
This abomination has been fostered in
the Imperreh country by a society called
the Leopard Society. Sir Brandon
Griffiths was sent out as a special Com-
missioner to deal with the prisoners
charged with these crimes. The cases
have been tried in the Imperreh coua-
try, two prisoners have been condemned
to death and one to imprisonment for
life. It is hoped these proceedings will
put a stop to the Leopard Society.* Mr.
Greensmith remarks:
“One unpleasant development is that
these investigations have revealed the fact
that, under other guises, human sacrifices
are more widely distributed than was for-
merly imagined, and that it is a feature
of pagan religious life in considerable
tracts of territory outside the Imperreh
country. In the Imperreh country the
sacrifices are made through the Leopard
Society, and in other districts through the
Alligator and Baboon Societies. There is
one thing I can never forget when I think
of these ghastly practices, and that is that
these sacrifices are the expression of the
natural religious instinct of these pagan
people, instincts which purified and en-
lightened might be of great service in the
cause of Christ.”
Lawlessness Dr. Robson sends an
in Shantung, alarming account of the
lawlessness which pre-
vails is the remoter parts of the province
of Shantung. Similar reports come
from Dr. Baxter at Chu Chia.t Thieves
are numerous and violent, and the
officials and military seem unequal to
the task of suppressing these maraud-
ing bands ; it is even suspected in some
places that the military are in league
with the robbers. Dr. Baxter has
called the attention of the British Con-
sul a’t Chinan Fu to the widespread
disorder, and the consul has appealed
to the Chinese authorities. Our large
Wu Ting Fu circuit has suffered serious-
Iy in consequence of these disturbances.
Travelling has become perilous. The


3
* See Mr. Greensmith’s article, p. 73.—־Ed.
See p. 83.—Ed.
«


The Second Mission House at Chao-tung
newly-appointed magistrate to Wu Ting
Fu would not set out for his post from
Chinan Fu without an exceptionally
strong military guard to protect him.
The thieves are dreaded for their
cruelty. They have invaded the houses
of the rich and poured oil upon their
victims and threatened to bum them if
they would not surrender all their
treasures.
These fearful reports must â– have kept
our brethren, Dr. Robson and Dr.
Baxter, and their families, in a state of
constant alarm. They should have our
sympathy and our prayers.
Nevertheless, Dr. Robson, as ever,
can see the sunny side of the picture.
He says:
“ I confidently think the Revolution is
telling in our favour, and though our
churches may yet have to pass through a
baptism of fire the old will give place to
new and better days. Here in the city of
Wu Ting Fu the open service on market
days is most encouraging and at some
large centres, like Yang Hsin, the Sabbath
service is well attended. In this city we
have been encouraged by the kindly at-
titude of the Chief Magistrate. In a large
public meeting he urged the people not to
think unkindly of the Christian religion,
and especially not to listen to those who
ignorantly speak against Christians. His
own wife has for several Sundays attended
our services.”

Tlje Seccpd Mission
House at Cbac-tupg.
By
Mrs. POLLARD.
'HE first mission house at Chao-
tung* was remarkable for two or
three things. It was close to
and situated on the same street as the
Red Temple, i.e., the Temple of Con-
fucius, and the great Examination Hall,
two of the places most dear to the old-
fashioned literati who were in those
days most powerful everywhere. In
many cities the missionaries would have
been rioted out of such a position as this
without a moment’s hesitation. The
people of Chaotung, however, good
naturedly saw the missionaries enter the
house, and when they left it for the
second house did not show any kind of
pleasure. Most of the people were
indifferent to the movements of the
foreigners. The first house was one of
the smallest and cheapest of all mission-
ary houses in China. The second was
a great improvement on that It was
situated near the East Gate on the
Street of the Worthies. Colloquially
the street has another name which may
be roughly translated Wildman’s Street,
so called from the fact that for some
years the chief of a small neighbouring
petty state lived here in exile.
The house, which our pioneer mis-
sionaries removed into, was built by a
* See p. 177, 1912.
family of four brothers named Yang.
From their terrible deeds at the time of
the Mohammedan rebellion they earned
the name of “ The Four Great Heavenly
Princes.” No Chinaman mistook the
meaning hidden in this euphemistic ap-
pellation. These brothers were low
down in the scale of morals, but in the
troublous times they gathered men to-
gether and fought for the Government
with success. They were most unscru-
pulous in their dealings, oppressing the
people without mercy. They destroyed
their homes, looted them, and built the
house our missionaries lived in of
materials taken from these looted
houses. Their prosperity did not last
long. As the result of great gambling
they were almost beggars in the second
generation. Two only of the sons are
living now and both are worthless men.
The house was obtained on a mortgage,
that is, a certain sum of money was ad-
vanced to the landlords and as long as
they retained this money the house re-
mained in the hands of those who ad-
vanced the money. The interest on the
money was supposed to be equivalent
to the rent of the house.
The rooms were built round a stone
quadrangle of very limited space, and
there was not much light in the principal
79


I
A
A Horpc Missiop.
“ Opals ■from Sand? By Mary H.
Steer (with preface by the Duchess
of Bedford). (Morgan and Scott;
is. 6d. net).
“ Opals from Sand ” is the picturesque
title of an intensely interesting record of
rescue work amongst fallen women
and girls in that part of the East End of
London, near the Docks, once known as
Ratcliff Highway, but now more gener-
ally called St. George’s-in-the-East.
Here, in “ the Highway,” as far back as
1879, the writer herself, along with
other helpers, opened a Rescue Home,
calling it “ the Bridge of Hope.” Its be-
ginnings were in a tiny house of only four
rooms ; its development has seen the
growth of an organized institution, bear-
ing the same name, with well-appointed
premises in Betts Street, E.C., where is
carried on, not only permanent rescue
and preventive work, but night shelter
work also, and the scope of which in-
eludes the care of a number of Cottage
tlomes for Children, at Chingford, on
the borders of Epping Forest.
53. Dorothy Irving Hollows.
(
A Review. By tbe
Rev. E. C. URWIN.
The issue of such a work is helpful,
not only as a stimulating record of
Christian enterprise, undertaking brave-
ly and hopefully a task from which many
might be pardoned for shrinking unless
promoted by the heroism of Calvary,
but especially at the present juncture,
as casting many a sidelight on the
ravages of the revolting traffic in the
virtue of our womanhood on which the
public conscience has been focussed quite
recently. The tact and delicacy with
which Miss Steer tells her story reveal
the only fitting spirit in which such a
problem may be faced ; and her record
reminds us that, along with all that
may be done by enactments of the
Legislature and the power of the
Law, there must also be con-
joined personal service, inspired most
fully by Christian character, which can
bring sympathy, insight, and wisdom to
the task. Here the Christian Church
has something to offer which the Legis-
lature cannot, and we are glad to think,
when we recall the earnest toil of the
rescue workers in connection with the
Church Army, the Salvation Army, or
the great Central Missions, as well as
when we read a record of the kind
before us, that the Christian conscience
is not quite dead to this side of its
opportunity and responsibility.
A good deal of space is given by Miss
Steer to the appreciation of her helpers
and associates, most of them voluntary.
In this connection, a well-deserved re-
cognition is accorded, not only to those
who are mentioned by name, but to the
large number of quiet, unostentatious
and often unrecognised social workers,
spread all over the East End of Lon-
don, who contribute a moral im-
petus to public opinion and constitute a
kind of “ unhelmeted ” police force. “ It
was they who made the present busi-
ness-like state of things possible, who
helped the sanitary inspector with data
no official could enter those awful hovels
to acquire, who supplied facts to Parlia-
mentary Commissions because they
could go and did go where none but
they dared to tread, who were of the
greatest use to those Members of Par-
liament who stood for the moral im-
provement of the people, the closing of
89


In the Heart of the Lotus
badgers. One night many of us heard
three blood-curdling howls in the woods
and when I inquired next morning what
it was the only answer I got was, “ Oh!
it was some wild animal.”
I was awakened about four o’clock in
the morning by hearing the cow-boy
call out excitedly that a thief was steal-
ing the egg plants. At the time the
priests were having their usual morning
service, but they stopped abruptly and
rushed up carrying the gongs and bells
which they had been using. It turned
out to be a wild pig uprooting the egg
plants, and though this is a Buddhist
monastery, and therefore they ought not
to kill or eat meat, yet the priests joined
with zest in hunting it down. The ab-
bot being away, his gun (the only one on
the place) was not available, so they beat
the creature to death. It was a grue-
some sight, and the beast made a good
fight, and I must say my sympathies
went out to the poor thing as I saw the
heavy blows descend. It was soon cut
up and boiled and secretly stored away
to be eaten when the abbot should be
again absent.
When we first came I was much im-
pressed by the apparent devoutness of
the monks, but we soon found it to be
only apparent. The old abbot I believe
is sincere and devout, and certainly
when he is on the spot all the services
are carried out rigorously and no meat
is eaten: but when he is absent, as he
frequently is, the monks cut short their
devotions or omit them altogether and
the “ Three bows and nine prostrations ”
and chantings before the “ Three Holy
Ones or Trinity of Buddha” are care-
lessly and even irreverently performed.
We saw them eating meat and spending
their days in gambling. I am also told
that they are much given to a form of
gambling for which the inhabitants
round about are notorious. It is some-
thing like a roulette table and very strict
laws are made against this form of
gambling by the Chinese Government.
Only last winter some men were exe-
cuted by the authorities in that neigh-
bourhood as a warning to the others for
this offence.
The monks do not go in person, but
send their lottery numbers. This is no
doubt owing to the fact that they are
supposed to be examples of virtue to
those around. On the temple walls are
pasted rhymes warning people against
the evils of gambling.
The services of the temple begin at
about four o’clock every morning and
a good deal of chanting is done to the
accompaniment of gongs, bells, cym-
bals, drums and a hollow wooden in-
strument shaped like a fish which is
tapped with a wooden stick. The chant-
ing at first sounds weird, but one gets
actually to like it. Bells and gongs are
sounded at certain intervals during the
A Buddhist Abbot.
[Favoured by “ China's Millions."
day, and at 7.30 p.m. a big drum is
beaten to arouse Buddha from sleep.
This drum has such an unusually low
tone that the vibrations seem to come
from the ground, but it is beaten with an
agreeable rhythm. At the end of most
of the services the monks make a pro-
cession and march round the temple for
about ten minutes repeating the name of
Buddha. This reminds one of the
words of our Lord, “Use not vain
repetitions as the heathen do,” or even
of the scene on Mount Carmel where


In the Heart of the Lotus
the priests of Baal spent their time re-
iterating “ O Baal, hear us.”
The fear of spirits or ghosts among
the Chinese is very excessive, and as in
the seventh moon all the spirits in hell
are supposed to be let loose for one
month, this month the people do all they
can to propitiate these wandering spirits.
As one walks along the streets one sees
tables laden with food put out all day
for these spirits to partake of. In the
evening, the family feast on it, and, as
the food has been covered with blue-
bottles and flies, the weather being so
warm, we may trace this as one of
the causes of the dysentery and cholera
that break out in this month.
At this temple I witnessed a cere-
mony at which they offered food to the
spirits they imagine inhabit their idols.
They began by worshipping a picture
representing the Devil—they them-
selves called him “ The Prince of the
Devils.” Strange to say his picture was
not unlike that we see of Apollyon in
the illustrated Pilgrim’s Progress, even
to the flames of fire issuing out of his
mouth. They next went to the Ances-
tral tablets, then the smaller idols, and
lastly to the big idol of Buddha himself,
which is situated right in the centre of
the building. The presiding priest
wore a red silk mantle and a red crown
and carried a silk square on which he
knelt. After having gone the rounds
he sat cross-legged like Buddha, and
below him were the other priests with
their different musical instruments, and
then for about an hour he went through
some mysterious rites which were too in-
volved for me to follow in detail, but he
made mysterious passes with his hands
and knotted his fingers into all sorts of
curious shapes and put rice into a bell
and threw grains of rice all about and
rather reminded one of a conjuror. All
this was accompanied by chanting, beat-
ing of gongs, cymbals and bell-ringing.
The spirits of the huge drum and large
bell were also appeased with offerings of
food. The next day the old abbot gave
my little girl some pears and pomegran-
ates, which I think were part of the food
offered to the idols the day before. At
first I was at a loss, whether to allow
her to accept them or not, but I thought
that after all as St. Paul says “ Idols are
nothing,” and my little daughter, being
fast asleep in bed when the offerings
were made, knew nothing of them or
their meaning and could eat without
any offence or qualms of conscience.
Being vegetarians no animals are kept
here except two cows for ploughing,
four dogs to guard, and a white cock,
which is to be found in every temple for
the purpose of letting the priests know
when it is dawn. This reminds one
of the old nursery rhyme.
The most interesting figure in the
monastery is the abbot, an old man of
over seventy years of age but still very
strong and capable. He has adopted a
young priest to be his successor and also
a young boy as next heir after him. His
greatest treasures are his coffin, which is
ready in the temple courtyard, and a
fine grave which was prepared for him
several years ago.
He is very fond of children and we
would often see him walking about
holding my little girl’s hand. He used
to bribe her to sing “Jesus loves me”
in Chinese, with the promise of sweets
and biscuits; and he greatly regretted
she was not a boy and could not under-
stand that we valued her exactly the
same as if she had been a boy.
The old man is now greatly troubled
because under the new conditions in
China, he feels that the prospects of
Buddhism are not very promising. The
local authorities have already wrested
from him fifty acres for the support of a
Government school. He has gone to
law about this, and we witnessed a cere-
mony in which the case was read before
the big Buddha and then burnt and a
prayer made for his help in this law suit.
This changing of temples into schools
is one of the most significant signs in
China. The old abbot took Mr. Red-
fern on a tour of inspection of all the
temples in the neighbourhood, and
everywhere he saw signs of decay. While
welcoming the new light that is dawning
on this country, yet, after coming into
familiar contact with these simple
priests, one cannot help sympathizing
and understanding their dismay at these
sudden changes and at what appears to
them to be the ruthless robbery of their
lands and buildings.
92


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IV.—LU-TEH. By tbc Rev. R. SWALLOW, M D.


«
*
'IIAT dispensary-hour at the City
Church, was an anxious time for
us. We were wondering how
Lu-teh was. We had remembrances of
her gifted father, who was caught in the
grip of a cholera epidemic, away at our
far station, Stony-Creek; how bravely
he went to his doom, refusing to be
nursed by his eldest son ; commanding
him to leave his bedroom, “I must die,
you must live.” It was a statement of
a fact; the father went, the son remains,
a minister of one of our churches.
Her younger brother went down to
death by a kindred disease; how would
Lu-teh fare?
When we saw her in the Bible-
women’s room, in their sisterly care,
how fearful they were about her, and
how hopeless she was of recovery, “ You
saved my life once, you cannot save me
this time; feel how cold my hands and
my feet are.”
“ Do give me a drink.” She kept
pleading for something to quench the
fire that raged in her and seemed a con-
suming fire. It was distressing to see
her, and we planned to fight this terrible
enemy to the end. For two days and
two nights her nurses watched her. We
had our recompense, she got through
the crisis, and then lay on her bed for a
few weeks. Happily, she is strong
again, and is using her gifts to purpose
in the hospital, in school, and in the
churches. She has a spirit kindred to
that which pervades the “ Thompson
Memorial ” Church. That is high com-
mendation.
One other instance. At our usual
evening service, we were trying to
express our gratitude to God for
His saving grace, when a father,
with a girl over his shoulder, and
a mother, with a younger one in her
arms, went into our women’s ward. I
followed them. The mother said,
* See I., p. 20.
“ You must allow us to remain ; we lost
one child just an hour ago, save those
two for us.” There was a panic in the
ward from fear of contagion. “Yes,”
I said, “You must stay. We will all do
our utmost for you.”
Lopdop Missionary Sunday
and City Teipple Meetings,
April 27th apd 2Sth.
For particulars see “ United Methodist.”
Ruth, another Bible Woman, Ningpo.
93


The Glass
of Life.
Youpt People’s By the Rev.
Page. W. H. PROUDLCVE.
e
H, Auntie, what a lovely
mirror! ”
And Elsie, as she picked it
up, looked admiringly at the bright,
deep glass and its handsome frame.
“ Yes, it is, indeed,” said Auntie ; and
then, as she saw the girl’s eyes resting
longingly upon the choice work around
it, she added, “ but you know, dear, the
best part of it is not the lovely handle,
but the glass itself; it is a very good
one, and shows a true reflection when
you look into it.”
Elsie looked into the mirror straight-
way to see her own shining eyes and
rounded cheeks.
Auntie could not help laughing.
“ Ah,” she said, “ you like a peep at
your own pretty bonnie face.” Then
she paused for a moment, but almost
immediately went on: “ Do you know,
Elsie, that it is not always a pleasure to
look at yourself? I was reading the
other day a book by a Japanese writer
who was telling the story of his own
childhood. And he says that whenever
he was naughty his parents never
scolded him, but always brought a look-
ing-glass in front of his crying face. He
hated to see his own face so ugly with
the tear marks, and so he immediately
began to laugh. He was shamed by
the sight of his own face. But very
often when he wanted to cry a little
longer he used to scream, ‘ Oh! don’t
show me the glass for a few moments.’ ”
“What a funny little Jap,” said Elsie.
And then she continued, “ I read a story
once about a strange mirror. It was
just like an ordinary looking-glass when
you first saw it, but if you look.ed at it
carefully, it began to glow, and a bright
light spread over it! and then, as you
looked into it, you saw the story of your
past life over again; and it made some
people very sad as they looked, they
didn’t like to see their misdeeds and
mistakes again. I don’t think I should.
I’m glad this mirror is not like that one:
it just shows you yourself as you are,
and that’s enough.”
“Well,” Auntie said, “it shows you
yourself as you think you are. But,
you know, Elsie, there is a mirror into
which we shall all look one day—the face
of Jesus, and there we shall see our-
selves as we really are.”
“ But isn’t this what I really am ? ”
urged Elsie, as she looked again into
thq. glass.
“ Why, dear,” Auntie replied, “ we
see two sights of ourselves as we look
into the face of Jesus—we see what we
are, and what we ought to be, what we
have done, and what we ought to have
done, and it is not until we have those
two sights that we see ourselves as we
really are. Often when people look
into His face they see that they are not
so good as they thought they were.
Sometimes they won’t look at Him be-
cause they know that they are not so
good as they ought to be. People who
are doing wrong cannot bear to look
into His face. Do you remember how
it broke Peter’s heart to look at Jesus
when he had done wrong? And it will
break our hearts to look at Him if we
have not been living in the right way.
But we shall have to look one day, and
if we are not what we ought to be, it
will make us terribly ashamed.”
Elsie was looking thoughtful, as she
gazed into the mirror she still held m
her hand, and as Auntie saw it, she
slipped her arm around her, and said,
“ The best thin־'׳ to do, Elsie, is to look
into His face now, to let it be our mirror
of truth, and grace, and right living.
It’s plain to see how we ought to live
if we look into His face—to speak the
truth, to do the right, to love God, and
to share our blessings with all those in
the wide world who need them—that is
what Jesus wishes us to do, and if we
keep our eye upon Plis face, it will be-
come a mirror that saves us from doing
wrong or missing our way. We shall
see the beauty of the truth in Him, and
as. we look at it, its reflection will ap-
pear in us, and we shall become true,
loving, and sacrificial, like Him. Then
we shall never be ashamed of ourselves,
nor make others ashamed of us.”
Elsie was very quiet for a few
moments, as she thought over Auntie’s
words; and then she said, as she laid
down the handsome mirror, “ Thank
you, Auntie, I’ll not forget that the face
of Jesus is the true glass of life.”
94