Missionary echo of the Methodist Church

Material Information

Missionary echo of the Methodist Church
Abbreviated Title:
Missionary echo
Methodist Church (Great Britain) ( Author, Primary )
Place of Publication:
Andrew Crombie
Henry Hooks
Physical Description:
volume ; 31 cm


Subjects / Keywords:
Methodist Church (Great Britain) -- Missions -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
Methodist Church (Great Britain) ( LCNAF )
Missions, British -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
Missions, British ( LCSH )
Missions -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
衛理公會(英國) -- 宣教 -- 期刊
英國傳教士 -- 期刊
任務 -- 期刊
卫理公会(英国) -- 宣教 -- 期刊
英国传教士 -- 期刊
任务 -- 期刊
serial ( sobekcm )
Temporal Coverage:
1893 -
Spatial Coverage:
Europe -- United Kingdom -- England -- Greater London -- London
Asia -- China
Asia -- India
Africa -- British Africa
North America -- Caribbean
歐洲 -- 英國 -- 英格蘭 -- 大倫敦 -- 倫敦
亞洲 -- 中國
亞洲 -- 印度
非洲 -- 英屬非洲
北美 -- 加勒比海
欧洲 -- 英国 -- 英格兰 -- 大伦敦 -- 伦敦
亚洲 -- 中国
亚洲 -- 印度
非洲 -- 英属非洲
北美 -- 加勒比海
51.507222 x -0.1275
35 x 103
21 x 78
18.18 x -77.4
-8.7832 x 34.5085


General Note:
Catalogued from volumes 3 (1896) and 31 (1924)
General Note:
Title from cover and index
General Note:
VIAF (name authority) : Methodist Church (Great Britain) : URI

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS University of London
Holding Location:
SOAS University of London
Rights Management:
This item is licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution, Non-Commercial License. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this work non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms.
Resource Identifier:
123988723 ( OCLC )


This item has the following downloads:

Full Text
Missionary Echo
Xlruteb flbetbobist Cbuvcb.
Editor :
“After these things I saw, and behold, a
great multitude, which no man could num-
ber, out of every nation, and of all â– tribes
and peoples and tongues, standing before
the throne and before the Lamb, arrayed
in white robes, and palms in their hands.’’
—Rev. vii. 9.

The Magnet Press,
188 Rye Lane, Peckham,
London, S.E.

Apologia pro recessu suo, D'r. Smerdon 180
Anniversary and Exercise at South
Shields - - _ _ . 236, 237
Anniversary, Young People’s’ - - 261
Bassett, Rev. W. Udy Rev. J. B. Grif-
fiths and Rev. J. C. Pye - - 105
Bible Picture Words, Rev. A. Bromley
67, 258
Butler Scholarship Students, Mr. T. W.
Chapman, M.Sc. - - - - 77
Bo, The Church at Rev. A. E. Green-
smith 193
Chao Tong Mission, Rev. C. E. Hicks 179
Chapel, The Fall of the “Tired” Rev.
S. Pollard ----- 31
Children’s Service, Mrs. H. S. Redfern 8
China, An Increasing Purpose in Yang
Lien Fang........................132
China Emergency Appeal Committee - 213
Chinese Revolution, ,The Rev. F. B.
Turner ------ 270
Christ and the Eastern Soul, Rev. G. R.
Goodall ------ 43
C.E. Missionary Meeting - - - 24
C.E. Topic The Editor _ _ - - 118
Christian Marriage, A - - - - 86
Christ in the Andes - - - - 73
Collectors, Notable Junior 10, 36, 59,
83, 112, 132, 148, 186, 212, 226, 255, 279
Competitions 23, 48, 72, 9|j 120, 144,
168, 192, 216, 240, 264, 284
Committee, With the Foreign Mission.
ary Rev. W. L., Smith - -133, 165
Conference and Missions, The Man-
Chester ....... 187
East Africa, British - - - - 159
East Africa Jubilee:
An Old Love and a New Rev.
A. E. J. Cosson - - - - 175
1861-1911...................Z1112 Ö¾Ö¾
Impressions and Experience, Rev.
W. Udy Bassett - - - - 149
Memories and Hopes Rev. James
Mombasa to Meru Mrs. Wakefield 152
Our Work in East Africa Rev.
J. B. Stedeford - - - - 176
Possession and Prospects Rev.
H. T. Chapman - - - - 145
Reminiscence and Prophecv, Rev.
B. J. Ratcliffe - - ' - - 157
The Story of the Years, The Editor 160
East and West, Rev. G. P. Littlewood 256
Ecumenical Conference, Rev. Henry
T. Chapman ----- 273
Eddon, Rev. W. Dr. Robson - - 138
“Edinburgh, 1910”:
Rev. George Packer 49 ,38 ,11 Ö¾,
169, 199, 229, 248
Rev. H. T. Chapman 97, 121
Famous Names Recalled :
George Innocent, Rev. G. S.
Hornby _ _ _ - 63
R. M. Ormerod, the late Rev. J.
Kirsop _ . _ - 162
Fifth Moon Festival, Rev. F. J×´
Dymond - - - - - 197
Foreign Secretary’s Notes, Rev. c.
kjCvl 'LLcllj o 1\CV, .
Stedeford 3, 28, 53, 74, 102, 126,
164, 173, 195, 220, 244, 267
Four Hundred Miles in Fortv Days,
Rev. S. Pollard - - ' - - 217
Fraser in India, Sir Andrew The Editor 185
Freedom : A Story Rev. W. Hall 212, 232
Halt! Rev. George Coates - - - 198
Hart, Sir Robert The Editor - - 247
Harvest Festival at Wu Ting Fu, Rev.
W• Eddon.......................66
*SSepworth, The late Alderman Rev.
F. B. Turner ----- 265
Hymn, Chinese ----- 85
Hymn, East African - - - - 156
Hymn, Miao - - - - 47
Hymn, Missionary - - - -322, 185
“ Inasmuch as ye did it not,” Rev. S.
Pollard - - - . - - - 88
Incidents from the Field, Rev. C. E.
Hicks ------ 70
Innocent, Memorial to John Rev. J.
Young• ------ 41
International Review of Missions, The - 283
Islam in China, Rev. J. Harrison - 134
Juvenile Meeting, Rev. J. H. Duerden 17
Kirsop, The late Rev. J. The Editor - 125
Letter from Mrs. F. J. Dyrnond - - 55
Letter from Wenchow - - - - 15
Letter to the Home Mission Secretary,
Open Rev. J. T. Shaw - - - 84
London Missionary Demonstration,
Rev. R. Pyke...................128
Medical Work at Chu Chia, Dr. Baxter 110
Medical Work at Stone Gateway, Dr.
Lilian Grandin - - 228
Medical Work in Wenchow, Dr.
Mendi Language, Rev. A. E. Green-
smith - 227
Miao, St. Mark in - - - - 207
Missionary Report, Thoughts on Rev.
J. H. Squire, B.A., B.D. - - 276
Mohammedanism, Rev. J. Harrison 34, 60
90, 107
New Year’s Greeting, Rev. Henry T.
Chapman -......................2
New Year’s Eve at Tong Chuan, Rev.
W. H. Hudspeth - - - -14
Ningpo College, Mr. H. S. Redfern,
Ningpo College Curriculum, Mr. H. S.
Redfern, M.Sc. _ - - - 68

Offer for the Foreign Field, Miss Holt 6
Plague, Dr. Savin - -. - - 113
Plague Martyr, Dr. Jackson the - - 114
Plague Story, Rev. J. Hinds - - 191
Poetry : •
Battle Hymn, Julia Ward Howe 10
Bether, ELSie _ _ - - 124
Britain’s Debt, J. Sayes - -• 281
Dona Nobis Pacem, S. Gertrude
, Ford . - - _ _ 216
On Different Quests, El.Sie - 65
“Tell it not! ” Dr. Jessup - - 279
The Missionary Prayer, S. Ger-
trude Ford - - - - - 172
׳.־־ The Missionary’s Secret, S. Ger-
trude Ford - â–  - - 70
The White Man, Ella Wheeler
Wilcox - - - - - - 159
The World’s Waking, S. Gertrude
To the Prince of Peace, S. Ger-
trude Ford...................246
Rachael, Rev. C. Ellison - - 156
Unto the Hills, “H89 - - - ״
Vision of Peace, A S. Gertrude >׳«/
Points and Parables, Rev W. H.
Proudlove - - - - 45, 115
Returned Missionaries :
Miss Squire ----- 78
Dr. Savin ------ 79
Rev. W. Eddon 80
Rev. H. Parsons - - - - 82
Returning Missionary, A Rev. C. E.
Hicks - - - , - - - 52
Reviews, 92, 93, 96, 144, 163, 185, 188,
226, 227, 236, 262, 280
Road-making at Golbanti, Rev. J. H.
Duerden............................- 23
Sacrament, The First Rev. W. Lyttle 254
Secretaries since 1836, Mr. W. T.
French ------ 96
Sierra Leone, Kent Rev. A. E. Green-
Soothill, The Rev. W. E. New honour 195
Sowing Beside All Waters, Rev. W. R.
Stobie ------ 223
Subscription List, A New - - - 195
Sundav School Class at Newton, Rev. /ay
G.' F. Walters - - -, - - »5
Sunday School Missionary Anniversary,
Miss Lily Lowe _ _ _ - 117
Training Institute, A Chinese Union
Rev. G. W. Sheppard - - - 214
Tour in Yunnan, Rev. A. Evans - 19
Universal Races Congress, Rev. G.
Corin ------ 203
Watchtower, The The Editor 7, 37,
86, 116, 139, 189, 207, 239, 260, 278
“Where Duty Calls, or”—Hardship
Rev. W. H. Hudspeth - - - 182
Women’s Missionary Auxiliary 22, 47,
71, 94, 119, 142, 166, 190, 215, 238,
263, 282
Women’s Work for Missions - - 72
Work Again, At Rev. W. R. Stobie 56
World Conference in Session, The - 12
Balfour of .Burleigh, Lord - 169â– 
Barton, Dr. J. L. - - - - - 60
Bassett, Rev. W. Udy and Mrs. 105, 151
Brown, Rev. F. - - - 38 ־ך
Burnley, Councillor W. P. - - - 188
Cairns, D.D., Professor D. S. - - 98
Chapman, Rev. Henry T. - - - 1
Chapman, Mr. T. W. 2
Chapman, Mrs. T. W. ... - 260
Chatterji, Dr. K. C. - - - - 51
Dymond and Family, Rev. F. J. - - 143â– 
Eddon, Rev. W. and Mrs. - - - 81
Eddon, Rev. W...........................138
Gibson, Dr. Campbell - - - - 38
Greensmith, Rev. A. E. - - - 241
Hart, Sir Robert ----- 247
Holt, Miss................................6
Innocent, The late George M. H. - 64
Innocent, Mrs. ----- 41
Kirsop, The late Rev. J. - - - 125
Krapf, ,The late Dr. - - - - 147
Lambeth, M.D., F.R.G.S., Dr. - 39
Low, The Hon. Seth - - - - 171
Macalpine, Sir G. W. - - - - 248
McKenzie, D.D., LL.D., President
Moore, Professor E. C. - - - - 42
Ormerod, The late Rev. R. M. - - 162
Pannett, Mr. E. C. - 129
Parsons, Rev. H. - - - - - 131
Parsons, Rev. H. and Mrs. - - - â–  82
Richter, D.D., Herr Pastor Julius - 122
Robson, D.D., The late Rev. George - 121
Savin, Rev. Dr. ----- 72
Soothill, F.R.G.S., Rev. W. E. - - 195
Spiller, Mr. G. - - - - -205 Ö¾
Squire, B.A., Miss E. M. - - - 78
Stobie, Mrs. ------ 57
Swallow, Rev. Dr. - - - - 187
Sultan of Turkey ----- 90
Wardlow, J.P., M. Esq. - - - 130
Warneck, The late Professor Gustav - 140
Weardale, Lord ----- 204
Wood, Mrs. Truscott - - - - 22
Wenchow Staff ----- 102

Missionary Echo
Gbe IHniteb flbetbobtst Cburcb.
There is a special fitness in beginning our new volume with the
portrait of the President of Conference. For the past sixteen years his
official contributions have appeared month by month in our columns.
[This portrait is new to our readers.—Editor.]
January, 1911.

Tl?e President’s New Year’s
Greeting apd Missionary Appeal.
E are grateful to Mr. Editor for
offering to us the privilege of
addressing a few words to our
old, and gratefully-cherished, friends,
the readers of the MISSIONARY ECHO.
In the first place we beg most cor-
dially to wish both Editor and reader
a very Happy New Year. How swiftly
the years fly past; much that in our
heart we purposed to do we have to
leave undone, not from want of dis-
position but want of time. As the years
hasten along our vision becomes clearer
and broader, and new spheres of service
open to us and beckon us to enter them.
Alas! we cannot; our limitations hold
us back, limitations both of time and
energy. What is the great lesson
brought home to us by these facts? To
do with our might what we can do ; to
work with greater system so that both
in quantity and quality we may do all
that is possible to us.
In the mission field the year 1910
Mr. T. W. Chapman, M.Sc.
Wenchow College, 1902—.
(Taken since his return on furlough.)
will stand out in the history of the
Christian Church as one in which the
momentous question of missions was
placed in an absolutely new light, and
m which it became one of the most
powerful apologetics ever given to the
Christian faith. “ The World Missionary
Conference,” held in the month of June,
placed the Gospel, as a dynamic force
for the revolution of human nature,
along the line of its own best and
highest nature, in a new setting and
created for the Church a new and en-
larged responsibility. This was done
by facts gathered from the whole world,
and on the testimony of experts,
which, for number and quality, and ex-
ceptional opportunities of observation,
were without parallel in any and every
other sphere of thought or of life. Mis-
sionary methods, successes and failures,
in every continent and island of the
world, were subjected to a scrutiny the
most searching and scientific, making it
impossible for the great and glorious
enterprise of the evangelization of the
world ever again to be treated as a
negligible question without incurring
the greatest possible moral Nemesis.
Henceforth foreign missions must have
the first place in the Church’s thought,
prayer, gifts, and effort. The Church
knows now, if never before, and as
never before: (i) That the Gospel is
the supreme need of all nations ; knows
not as a matter of belief, but as a matter
of fact; (2) that the world’s mind and
heart are swept and garnished in a
unique degree, and are ready to receive
the Gospel; (3) that there is a desire
for the Gospel on a scale, and with an
intensity, never known in any preced-
ing age of the world. These three facts
place on the Church a responsibility
and privilege new in her history. The
“ open door ” is in every land, and
amongst people of every caste and
Previous to “ Union ” each section
knew for the most part each missionary
personally and in consequence a large
personal element entered into their
gifts and prayers. The Union has, to

Foreign Secretary’s Notes for the Month
a considerable extent, destroyed this
distinctive personal element, and there
is not a little danger of this fact seri-
ously affecting our missionary income.
We fear it must be confessed it has
done so already. This is wrong. Mis-
sions rest not on this or that agent, but
on the authority of Christ, and the deep
and urgent needs of man. We must
rise from persons to principles, from
men to Christ, from agents to causes.
The personal element remains, it is the
main factor in the glorious enterprise,
but it centres in Christ. “ Go ye into all
the world . . . for My sake! ” What
is done for men is done for, and to,
If we are to “ grow in grace ” we
must grow in knowledge. If our mis-
sionary faith is to increase, and our
missionary enthusiasm to become more
intense our missionary knowledge
“must grow from more to more.” We
cannot have fullness either of life or zeal
without fullness of knowledge. Mis-
sionary information, well ordered, exact
and concentrated, is an absolute neces-
sity. Hence the necessity for, and the
wisdom in, having the MISSIONARY
Echo. It is a necessity, never more
so than now! Our enlarged missionary
area, our completer missionary
methods, and an ever-growing mission-
ary literature makes our own missionary
Magazine an absolute necessity. All
other helps must be gratefully and
heartily welcomed, but the MISSIONARY
ECHO becomes more imperative as the
years pass!
If you do not take our missionary
Magazine, begin with the New Year.
For the sake of the children, when their
ideals are being formed, let a number
of the ECHO find a place in every
family. It will help both to broaden
ideas and enlarge sympathies! Not
only do we plead for the taking of the
ECHO, but also plead that both in the
church and in the home prayer be made
without ceasing for our missionaries
and our missions.
F©rei§p Secretary’s
Notes for the Mouthâ– 
Salutations. When I was in North
China I was taught to
salute the Christians with “ Pingnan,
Pingnan,” which means “ Peace,
Peace.” At the opening of the New
Year I offer the same most ancient and
most Christian salutation to the readers
of these Notes, and I trust that the
New Year will bring to them abundant
peace, joy and blessing.
When addressing Chinese Christians
my salutation completely exhausted my
conversational resources, and it was
awkward when persons were encour-
aged by my familiar opening to con-
tinue their addresses. But my salu-
tation does not exhaust what I have to
say to our readers. I desire to say to
them that the peace I desire for them
it not the peace of indolence and in-
difference in regard to missionary
affairs, but the peace of a good con-
science toward God, the peace of duty
faithfully done, the peace of noble aims
stedfastly pursued, the peace of victory
won through faith.
There are many Christians who do
not deserve a very happy New Year
unless they do more for the greatest of
all causes. Their gifts to missions have
no proportion to their means nor to the
magnitude of the work. In many cases
the crown might be increased to a
sovereign without any perceptible re-
duction of personal comfort. But what
an immense effect it would have upon
our missionary operations. Our plans
for extension in each part of the field
could be realized, and we should be
delivered from all financial embarrass-
ment. I venture to predict a much
happier New Year for all who will
listen to the call of Christ, and
humanity, and respond with a more
generous dedication of their substance
to God.

Foreign Secretary’s Notes for the Month
Miss Holt’s
Special The Conference has re-
Intercession, peatedly called our
churches to observe the
second Sunday in January as a day for
special intercession on behalf of our
missions. If this were done throughout
our Denomination what a glorious re-
vival would be the result! How the
men upon the different foreign stations,
who often look out upon parched
ground, would see the coming of the
gracious rain with wonder and delight.
When we remember that it is in the
power of the churches to bring down
a blessing upon each of our mission-
aries, our native workers and communi-
cants, one cannot over-estimate the
value of properly observing this day of
special intercession. Let it be done
in all our chapels, and in all our Sun-
day Schools. Let there be mention of
the pressing needs and then special
prayer that they may be supplied. I
suggest the following subjects as re-
quiring our prayers not only on one
day, but always:—
For our missionaries, that they
may receive a renewal of the baptism
of power.
For all native preachers and
workers, that they may be baptized
by the Holy Spirit and become lumin-
ous leaders of the people.
For all enquirers, that they may
grow in faith and knowledge and
For all the students in our schools
and colleges, that they may experi-
ence salvation through faith in Jesus
That the right men and the money
may be found to successfully open
the work in Meru.
That a doctor may be secured for
the Hospital at Ningpo;
That a spirit of liberality may rest
upon our people, that the work be not
hindered for the lack of funds.
I cannot close this paragraph more
fittingly than by recalling the words of
our Lord as the best encouragement to
pray: “And whatsoever ye shall ask in
My name, that will I do, that the
Father may be glorified in the Son. If
ye shall ask anything in My name I
will do it.”
With the opening year
Miss Holt will be leaving
for Wenchow. She is
booked to sail from Southampton in
the N.D.L. steamer “Yorck” on Janu-
ary 3rd. It will be a New Year indeed
for her, and as it will bring new ex-
periences of difficulty and trial our
friends will pray that it will bring
abounding joy and blessing. (See p. 6.)
Brightened Dr. Fletcher Jones says
Hopes at Yung that the arrival of the
Ping Fn. news that Conference had
granted ^150 for the ex-
tension of the Hospital at Yung Ping
Fu brought great pleasure and relief.
To supply the most urgent need it will
be used to provide accommodation for
women patients. But for the kindness
of Mrs. Jones there would have been
no better place for a baby suffering
from bronchitis than the little room
without any fire. The wife of a major
had to be accommodated in the school
premises, because there is no suitable
ward for women. These instances show
the urgency of the case. The extension
will cost more than the ^150, but the
balance will be given by local Chinese.
One grateful Major in the army gives
about £10.
Dr. Jones reports that one poor fel-
low crawled twelve miles to reach the
Hospital. He had complete paralysis
of the legs, and took twenty days to
make the journey. This shows what
faith the people have in the missionary
New School Mr. Candlin has been re-
at Tongshan. organizing the educa-
tional side of our work in
Tongshan. He says :—
“ Seventeen students are already in rooms,
and within a day or two we hope to re-
ceive three more, bringing up the number
to twenty. The curriculum is a thoroughly
modern one, and includes daily instruction
in the English language. I have secured
the services of a new teacher for the English
lessons, who will I trust do good work.
Sons of members are paying ten dollars per
term and the sons of non-members fifteen
dollars. The year is divided into half-yearly
terms of four months each. ,The boys who
have come in look bright and promising.
׳There would be no difficulty in getting more
pupils, but twenty is all that our premises

Foreign Secretary’s Notes for the Month
“We are also forming a night class for
teaching English only. This is to meet the
need of those who are employed during the
day. They will pay two dollars per month
each. This branch will not cost the mis-
sion anything; in fact, I hope it will bring
in a small income. Altogether, the pro-
spects for forming a good elementary Anglo-
Chinese school here are very bright.”
College The structural alteration
Improvement of our Ningpo College, to
at Ningpo. provide accommodation
for more students, a
laboratory and lecture-room, are now
completed with very satisfactory results.
The building has gained in appearance
by raising the central part one storey,
and there is room for twenty additional
students. The laboratories and lecture-
room are three fine rooms. The lecture-
room holds forty or fifty students, the
seats being arranged in tiers so as to
command a good view of the lecture
table. The College has now its maxi-
mum number of students—one hundred
and twenty. Sixty new boys have been
received recently, nearly all of them
non-Christian. Mr. Redfern says :—
“Amongst these young men we are carry-
ing on an increasing, aggressive, carefully-
planned evangelistic campaign. I believe
that God will bless the work, for it is done
very prayerfully and earnestly, and we
have five teachers engaged in it, besides
our Christian students and several outside
agencies. I believe in this work with my
whole heart, though there are many who
are more or less doubtful about it. . . .
This evening a boy, who has been here
only six weeks came into my study and told
me that his father had found a good posi-
tion for him, and that much to his regret
he was compelled to leave the College. He
is a bright, charming, young fellow of
about eighteen, and I felt sorry to lose him ;
but, after discussing the matter for some
time, I assented, and said that I was sorry
that he had not had more opportunity of
receiving Christian instruction, and asked
him if he had a Bible which he might con-
tinue to read. He said that he quite in-
tended to continue his Scripture reading,
and that he had already ordered a Chinese
Bible and was about to get one in English
also. I presented him with a Chinese copy,
giving him a few words of counsel, and
1 feel confident that that boy, although only
six weeks with us, has been considerably
influenced and will continue to read the
Coining The Rev. Dr. and Mrs.
Home. Savin, the Rev. H. and
Mrs. Parsons and Miss E.
Squire, B.A., left Hong-Kong on De-
cember 24th, and are due in England
at the end of January.
The Committee has already, in the
name of our people, conveyed to them
a hearty greeting and warm welcome
to the homeland.
Ningpo College, after Extension. [Photo : Mr. H. S. Redfern, M.Sc.
(Compare with page 228, 1909.—Ed.)

My Offer for the
pereigi? Field.
?ROM childhood I have been in-
tensely interested in missionaries
and their work. Memory carries
me back to a Junior C.E. meeting held
many years ago at which a missionary
topic was considered. After the ad-
dress, Sister Sarah—a deaconess—
pleaded that one from that meeting
should be set aparCto work for God on
the foreign field, if He willed it so.
Though only eleven years of age at
the time there flashed across my mind
the thought that I was to go; and so,
through all the years missionary dreams
have mingled with my thoughts of the
Contact with missionaries served to
deepen my interest, and to keep alive
the desire to take part in their work.
But with the wish to go came the doubt
of its ever becoming a possibility. Then
some words, written in my album by a
Miss Ada Holt, designated for
Wenchow, China.
[Photo: Whitehead, Bury.
prominent Free Church minister, came
as a guide. “ Be sure,” he wrote, “ that
God has a plan for your life, and He
will reveal it to you as you wait upon
Him.” Did His plan for me mean mis-
sionary work? I believed so, but—
Following the gleam, I sought to pre-
pare myself for the work. Keeping in
touch with missionary work, and be-
coming more fully acquainted with the
great need of the heathen world, the
command of Jesus sounded with greater
persistence in my ears—“ Go ye ! ”
Then, during my second year in Col-
lege, the day came when doubt was no
longer possible. I knew that the wish
to go was from Him.
Thus I go, in His strength, to seek
to win the girls of China for my Saviour.
It is interesting to trace the spiritual
growth of one who has made such a
decision, and the following will be
deeply gratifying to other than our
friend to whom it was addressed. We
rejoice with him, thank God, and take
Writing to the Rev. Henry Hooks,
who was minister at Bury 1889-1902,
Miss Holt says:—
“Although I was only fifteen years old
when you left Bury, I was conscious then
of a great struggle between the higher
and the lower in my life, and somehow I
felt that you understood it. At a time when
I felt myself to be undergoing experiences
which seemed foreign to the girls about me,
you stood to me as God’s representative, and
along with Sister Sarah’s influence, made
it possible for me to grow. . . . It is a
debt I can never pay, but to know that you
have had a great deal to do, under God,
with the making of a missionary, will, I
know give you real joy and encouragement
for the future.”
A Christian minister can receive no
more acceptable present than such a
letter as this. He kneels and praises
God! Editor.



(Visitors' Gallery.)
LKcprutiucea oy permission or Messrs. Hislop ami Day, Edinburgh.
On Platform: dr. mott, sir Andrew fraser, lord bai.fovr of bvrleigii, tiie iion. setii i.owe, new york, anu lord reay.
At Table: dr. ROBSON (leaning forward timing photograph); On his right, Mr. •i. II. OLDHAM

ourrounamg Table: members of commission vii. “missions and governments.”


(Moderator's Gallery.)
[Reproduced by permission of Messrs. Hislop and Day, Edinburgh,
On Dr. Robson’s left, dr. barton. u.s.a. In right corner, facing Dr. Robson, dr. campugu. GIBSON, swatow;
Immediately behind him, general beaver; In corner, by door, the uon. w. j. brvan.
Set• d. 7

Tl?e Watchtower.
WITH this number we commence
the eighteenth volume of this
Magazine. We are grateful
to our contributors and readers, and re-
joice that the number of the latter has
during the past year so substantially
increased. Our new cover will be
noticed, and we trust with pleasure. It
has been reproduced from a drawing
prepared by Mr. Isherwood, late of
Carlisle, now of Leeds, a United
Methodist whose admirable work we
have had the privilege of showing be-
fore in our pages.
The one set for this month was sug-
gested by the request from a reader on
the subject, and we found that books
were scarce or little known. We
gathered some information for the sake
of the friend who wrote, but we will
withhold this till the competition has
run its course, as these books may be
named by competitors. We shall
always be glad to receive suggestions
as to suitable competitions, though we
have a large number still in hand.
This has proved an interesting inter-
lude! Our Wesleyan friends, and Mr.
R. James, Mus.Bac., especially, are a
little late with the “ discovery ” of this
tune. It was never lost! The fact that
it was hidden away in tune books
through being set to other words in
almost every case, and the title not dis-
tinctively used, had misled us. We
thank many readers for telling us that
it can be found in “ Robertson’s Sacred
Music” (1854) in “ Melodia Divina,” in
Songs of Gladness,” in “ The Sunday
Scholars’ Tune Book,” in the C.E.
Hymnal (314), and in the Primitive
Methodist Hymnal (1091). ’It is evident
that taking us altogether we know
Mr. Sowton naively says:—
×´ It is a tribute to the keenness with
which your readers watch your pages, that
you have this pleasant evidence of their
Surely never was a more striking
memorial presented to the British Go-
vernment than the one prepared by Mr.
Broomhall “from the delegates to the
World Missionary Conference,” with a
foreword by the Bishop of Durham.
Roughly it contains about 370 names—
the pick of the earth! (We note our
President-Designate is credited to the
U.S.A.). Copies of the memorial may
be obtained of Mr. Broomhall, 2 Pyr-
land Road, London, N., but those ask-
ing for it should really send a small
subscription, as it has been prepared at
considerable cost.
We think these will be regarded as a
fitting memorial of the great World
Conference. To have reproduced only
one of the three would have given no
idea of the Conference, so expense has
been disregarded in order to show the
Conference worthily. Should readers
wish to frame the three we will send, on
application, a specially printed copy of
the one on page 12 so that they will
not need to mutilate the Magazine.
(Threepence to be sent with order.)
Mr. Hedley has sent us the syllabus
of the above association of which he is
president. We are deeply interested in
two items, and we give them:—
Jan. 16. At Mr. Andersen’s house. ״The
Inter-relation of Evangelistic, Medi-
cal, and Educational Work.” Rev.
W. E. Soothill.
Feb. 20. At Mr. Griffiths’ house. ״The
Jubilee of the United Methodist
Mission.” Rev. G. T. Candlin.
Monthly prayer-meetings are also held
at the different missions. Let us pray
for this association, and will readers
specially remember our dear friends on
the dates above named?
In an article on “ Some Difficulties of
Bible Translation,” Alexander F. Chamber-
lain, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Anthro-
pology in Clark University, says :—
×´ In a recent legend of one of the Indian
tribes of Canada, based in p'art upon the
story of the fall of man as given in our
Bible,. Adam is represented as giving the
apple to Eve, because in the opinion of these
aborigines, for a woman to have been guilty
of such a world-changing and momentous act
would have been an insult to the dignity
of the male half of the race. Deeds of evil
consequence, if they are great, must not
be attributed to women.”—״Harper’s Maga-
zine,” October, 1910.

How wc Started a
Cl?ildrep’s Service.
JLA lege there is a village called Ah
־“־ Sae Yi. In this village we have
a very small chapel that will hold about
thirty adults comfortably, and which is
under the care of the College ; students
going in bands of two or three to take
the services there; and the masters also
preach there occasionally.
One Sunday morning I went with
Mr. Redfern to a service there at which
he was to officiate. Our congregation
consisted of two old women, three men
and a number of little children who had
come in to stare at the foreigners, es-
pecially at the foreign lady. As I
looked at those children my heart
burned within me, and I was glad when
my husband shortened his prepared ad-
dress, and spoke some words especially
to them. I got a “ concern ” as the
Quakers say, then and there, to start
a children’s service, and to teach those
village children simply, and from the
beginning, about our Blessed Lord, who
said: “ Suffer the little children to come
unto Me.”
On the way home I told Mr. Redfern
of my idea, and was anxious to start
the services the very next Sunday after-
noon. Now my husband and I are op-
posites in one respect. I want to do
things straight away; he wants to think
them over carefully first. I pull him
on; he keeps me back, and so between
us I hope we strike the happy medium.
When I told him I wanted to com-
mence the next Sunday afternoon,'and
to go early and collect the children from
the streets, he told me that I had better
wait, and get the idea known among
the villagers first.
My knowledge of the Ningpo dialect
is very limited, and I could not speak
or hold the services by myself, but I
got one of the College students, Mr. Sze
Ping Yu, who speaks English pretty
well, and told him of my desire to start
a children’s service. He took it up very
readily, and said if I would organize it,
and tell him how to carry it on, he would
be very glad to help.
But first we arranged to spend one
whole afternoon in visiting the homes
at the village, and asking that the chil-
dren might be sent to hear the “ doc-
trine.” So one fine afternoon we hired
a boat, and Mr. Sze Ping Yu, a Bible-
woman and I went to the village, and I
had a hard day’s house-to-house visita-
As I said before I do not know the
language very well, and beyond a few
phrases of greetings and compliments I
was not able to speak to the people,
but I could smile, and I did that so
much that at the end of our afternoon
I felt I had got a smile that wouldn’t
come off, and my face simply ached
with it.
Our afternoon’s work was most dis-
appointing—even our own few church-
members in the village being very luke-
warm about it, and the other people,
though receiving us courteously, did not
promise to send their children. We
were told that if we would go about one
mile further up the canal we should
find, an old woman who was a very
earnest Christian, and who had many
grandchildren. We were all getting
tired, But thought the old woman might
be hurt if we did not visit her, so we
went on, and were well repaid for our
trouble. She was exceedingly pleased
to see us, and when she heard our plans
she was most enthusiastic about it, and
promised to bring her grandchildren,
and to urge her neighbours to let their
children come also.
This old woman interested me greatly.
She was a faithful attendant at the
chapel in the village, but a few Sundays
previously had had an accident the
cause of which might interest you.
She had three sons who were very
wicked, and she was much concerned
for their salvation, and fasted and
prayed much for them. She had fasted
a number of days, and spent all her
time in prayer for them, and when the
Sabbath came round she set off to walk
to the chapel, but being very old and
much weakened by fasting, she fell into
the canal on her way. Fortunately, on
account of a long drought, the water
was low, and she was picked up much

How we Started a Children’s Service
bruised and shaken. She told me that
her neighbours had advised her not to
fast any more, and she was much re-
lieved when I. told her that we did not
consider God would like us to fast to
the injury of our health, and that He
would hear her earnest prayers for her
sons without the f asting.
The following Sunday the Bible-
woman, Mr. Sze Ping Yu and I again
entered a boat, and went to the village.
The distance was not too great for Mr.
Sze and myself to walk, but the Bible-
woman having rather small feet it would
be a great tax on her strength. Perhaps
you wonder what the Biblewoman was
to do! Well, she came as a chaperon.
In China it is not wise for a foreign
woman, single or married, to go in the
company of a Chinese man, even to do
work, unless a Chinese woman also ac-
companies her, and the Biblewoman
moreover was very useful in helping to
keep the children in order.
Our first Sunday was a great success.
We had the little chapel filled to over-
flowing with children as well as a great
number of adults who crowded round
the door to see what we were going to
do with the children. I took a note-
book with me as a register, but we only
§ot eighteen names. The following
unday I was much surprised to find
that with the exception of the old
woman’s grandchildren, not one child
whose name was down had turned up,
and we afterwards found that their
parents had been much frightened when
they heard that their names had been
written down in a book, and thought
by doing so I had gained a special evil
influence over the children.
However, we got twelve more names
that Sunday, and the chapel was again
crowded. For six Sundays before
Christmas we continued to grow in
numbers till we had sixty names en-
rolled; but we did not often get more
than thirty-eight present of those on the
register as many children had to work
in the cotton mill close by, and only
came when they were free.
At Christmas I gave them a Christ-
mas Tree and gifts which had been
very kindly collected and given to me
by Mr. Eastwood while we were at
home. Many of the children had not
seen foreign toys before, and I am sure
Mr. Eastwood and the little boys and
girls in England, who gave the toys,
would feel amply repaid if they could
have seen the pleasure and wonder of
the recipients.
One of the boys, who had been a
regular attender, a bright, apparently
well-to-do boy, and a scholar at the
village school, was absent from our
Christmas Tree, and I found that he
had been punished by the village school-
master for attending our service. He
kept away for a few Sundays, but I am
glad to say he has joined us again.
At the New Year I started a new re-
gister, and have now sixty-two names,
but we have very many listeners who
are not willing to have their names
down, and I often feel that the adults,
who crowd round Sunday after Sunday,
learn more from our children’s service
than probably they would do at an or-
dinary service.
We have taught the children the
Lord’s Prayer, and three hymns, and
are teaching them the life of our Lord
according to St. Matthew’s Gospel. We
go very slowly and catechize them every
Sunday. Like all the Chinese they
have good memories, and we find them
very bright.
I gave every child a copy of St.
Matthew’s Gospel, and have promised
a hymn book to each one who repeats
the beatitudes without a mistake. Eight
have received hymn books, one, a little
boy of six, who had been taught by
his father.
They have no idea of singing as we
know it, and I spend about five minutes
every Sunday teaching them to sing up
and down the modulator with me.
Mr. Sze Ping Yu is a very good
teacher, and keeps the children well in
hand, and they seem very fond of him.
I believe he is an earnest Christian. He
is the son of a church-member, and his
brother is one of the English-speaking
masters in our College. He himself has
just graduated after a seven years’
course in our College. He is very eager
to continue his studies at St. John’s
University, Shanghai, so I am afraid I
shall lose his help, but hope to interest
one of our other senior students in the
work next term.

Tl?e Battle Hyipp
of tl?e Republic.*
By tbc late
Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming
of the Lord;
He is trampling out the vintage where the
grapes of wrath are stored :
He hath loosed the fateful lightning of his
terrible swift sword:
His truth is marching on.
I have seen Him in the watchfires of a
hundred circling camps;
They have builded Him an altar in the eve-
ning dews and damps :
I can read His righteous sentence by the
dim and flaring lamps :
His day is marching on.
I have read a fiery Gospel writ in fiery rows
of steel—
“As ye deal with My contemners, so with
you My grace shall deal! ”
Let the Hero born of woman, crush the
serpent with His heel :
Since God is marching on.
He has sounded up the trumpet that shall
never call retreat:
He is sifting out the hearts of men before
His judgment seat:
O be swift, my soul, to answer Him! be
jubilant, my feet,
Our God is marching on.
In the beauty of the lilies Christ was born
across the sea,
With a glory in His bosom that transfigures
you and me:
As he died to make men holy, let us die to
make men free,
While God is marching on.
* Written in 1861 for the air “John Brown’s body.” Mrs. Howe has just passed away in America at the age of 91.

Notable Jupior Collectors.—XII.
The Junior C.E. at Sutton.
The leader is Miss Olive P. Carpenter, herself famous in earlier Missionary Reports,
along with her sisters. The photograph shows the work they have done for the girls
of China, at the suggestion of Mrs. Heywood. For many •months they were busy
dressing dolls and knitting scarves and gloves, etc* The happy â– result Mrs. Heywood
took with her to China. (See p. 257, 1910.)

“Edii)bur$l>, Tl״'-as|)
1910 Before Vs.
IN the lasting impressions made, and
the high emotions excited, the
memorable Conference is as much
alive to-day as it was six months ago:
probably even more alive, since the
thousands who were so deeply moved
last June are now scattered throughout
the earth, and as they cannot but speak
to others of the wondrous things they
heard and saw and felt, the moral in-
fluence of the Conference is likely to
grow and spread. Like the concentric
rings caused by some object cast into
the middle of a lake, the impulses
started in Edinburgh will expand until
the most distant shore is reached, and
because of their energy expand without
being much weakened in their farthest
There are now many missionary
societies, no fewer than 159 being re-
presented at the Conference, from
Great Britain, America, many parts of
Europe, Asia, Africa, Australasia, etc.
The handful of corn scattered by Carey
and his brave little company who met
in the Kettering cottage in 1792, has
so increased that harvest fields now
wave like the mighty forests of Le-
banon in all parts of the world. But
every missionary society has its special
burdens and cares, and these are gener-
ally so absorbing that its vision is re-
stricted thereto. The Conference that
inaugurated what may be called a
science of missions took a much wider
survey, and endeavoured to measure
and to realize the needs of the whole
world. The labourer working in the
midst of his own field cannot see very
far. When he ascends a neighbouring
hill, and half a county spreads beneath
his gaze, with reapers in every direction,
he has a larger idea of the harvest that
is being gathered. But the workers at
the Conference sought to rise even
higher; to ascend the hill of God, and
look at the whole wide world from the
pointÖ¾ of view of Him who died for us
men and our salvation.
And one of the first impressions pro-
duced by this great world-view, with
a fair grasp of what the whole church
By tbe Rev.
is doing, and the dire needs that exist
not only in those dark places of the
earth which are filled with the habita-
tions of cruelty, but also amongst the
teeming peoples who boast ancient
philosophies and civilizations, is of pro-
foundest, of heart-breaking sorrow and
humiliation. Oh, the pity of it, that
after all the centuries past, Christ
should still be so far off seeing the com-
plete and successful issue of the travail
of His soul!
In some parts of India there is one
missionary toiling amid a heathen
population varying from two hundred
thousand to nine hundred thousand; in
some parts of Japan the proportion of
one for a number varying from four
hundred thousand to seven hundred
thousand souls; and in many districts
in China a proportion startlingly less
adequate. The population of China is
confessedly difficult to compute; we
have sometimes been charged with
exaggeration in speaking of its four
hundred millions, but Professor T. Y.
Chang, representing the U.S.A. Pres-
byterian Mission, declared emphatically
that the true figure is eight hundred
millions. Dr. Julius Richter, of the
Berlin Missionary Society, is probably
below the actual reality in his calcula-
tion that there are a thousand millions
waiting to be evangelized, only the
outer fringe of this appalling mass of
destitution being at present touched. A
thousand millions! Who can grasp the
significance of such figures? Who can
measure the variety, men of all colours
and races and languages and beliefs?
It was related that in the last Madras
Decennial Conference (1902) the ade-
quate supply of missionaries was
earnestly, prayerfully, scientifically con-
sidered, and the calculation was made
that there should be one missionary for
every twenty-five thousand souls:' not
excessive this, when it is remembered
that not all are evangelists, some dis-
charging the important duties of doc-
tors, teachers, etc. And yet on this
moderate computation it was found that
nine thousand additional men were re-

(Visitors' Gallery.)
[See p. 7

“Edinburgh, 1910”
׳quired for that limited area alone! In
the course of the discussion we heard
from the Soudan, where there is a re-
vival of Mohammedan enthusiasm, from
the Equatorial regions of Africa, Por-
tuguese East Africa, China, North, East
South and West, Mongolia, all parts
of India, Korea, Japan, Central Asia,
South America, Oceania; and as the
magnitude of the task unfolded itself,
and scene followed scene of the desti-
tution of peoples who might well say:
"No man cared for our souls,” one felt
plunged into the consternation of irre-
vocable despair. But as the great as-
sembly drew nigh to God in confession
and intercession, the occasional silences
intensified by the consciousness of the
numbers around us similarly engaged
in entreating guidance and strength,
the conviction deepened that God was
making us penetrate into the depths of
the great world’s dire sorrows, and to
realize our own utter weakness, only
that we might be driven to rely on His
sufficiency, and be led in His strength
to make more heroic and sustained en-
׳deavour to obey the Saviour’s last com-
And who that looks at the vast re-
sources of the great Christian nations
â– can doubt that God has made them able
for the duty laid upon them ? It is not
without significance that just as the
missionary impulse was stirring in the
Church, Captain Cook was returning
from his circumnavigation, making
known peoples who had never been
heard of before, as distant up to that
time as if they had been denizens of
another planet. Soon, under the direc-
tion of such men at Watt and Stephen-
son and Fulton, powers of motion were
developed whereby the extreme ends
of the earth could be easily reached.
Languages were studied and classified
by which intercourse with heathen peo-
pies was made easy, and gradually the
great Bible societies were girding them-
selves for the magnificent result now
achieved of printing the Bible, or some
part of it, in every known tongue.
At the same time the wealth of Chris-
tian nations has so increased that given
only the disposition, missionaries might
be sent forth in sufficient numbers, and
maintained in their work, at far less
cost than is actually incurred by un-
necessary luxuries and pleasures. At
present the heathen have only the
crumbs that fall from our tables; a
broadening Christian impulse will lead
us to give them a welcome in our hearts,
and a share of our abundance.
But it is not exclusively, perhaps not
even largely, that the work will have
to be done by existing Christian peo-
pies. Thanks to the missionary sue-
cesses already obtained, native churches
are being formed in every land, and
each church becomes an active evan-
gelistic agency. It is the glory of the
Gospel, that, teaching every saved man
he must save others, it is self-propagat-
ing: the leaven works, the light shines,
the mustard seed becomes a great tree.
All missionaries testify of the successful
training of native workers, and of the
far-reaching effects of their zeal as they
go forth to evangelize their fellow
countrymen. The native evangelists of
Korea, of China, of India, of Uganda
are doing great things, and this agency
is receiving development on every mis-
sion field. It is recommended not be-
cause it is cheap, but because it is
effective. The native preacher finds
the quickest way to the hearts of his
own brethren, and his advocacy of the
Gospel leads to the recognition that it
is not an exotic, but is indigenous to
the soil.
The Conference concluded that
knowledge, full, exact, detailed know-
ledge of all the facts, must be insisted
on in home churches; that the duty
and the opportunity and the urgency of
mission work must be affirmed, and re-
affirmed and affirmed again; that this
must be attended with strategic plan-
ning to enter upon all unoccupied
fields; that the great ideal of carrying
the Gospel to all the world must be
consistently and steadily upheld. No-
thing less than the frank and full and
general acceptance of the worldwide
scope of our Lord’s commission can be
satisfactory, and with this it will be dis-
covered that tremendous as the task
undoubtedly is, the Church has suffi-
cient resources for its accomplishment.
The following words of Dr. Mott,
admonitory and timely, are well worth
pondering: “ The concern of Christians

How We Spent New Year’s Eve at Tong Ch’uan Fu
to-day should not be lest non-Christian
peoples refuse to receive Christ, but
lest they, in failing to communicate
Him will themselves lose Him. A
programme literally worldwide in its
scope is indispensable to enrich and
("This articles introduces a series, to pass through the year, on
complete the Church. The life of the
Church depends on its being mission-
ary. The missionary activities of the
Church are the circulation of its blood,
which would lose its vital power if it
never flowed to the extremities.”
the various “ com-
How Wc Spent
New Year’s Eve
at Top§ Cfi’uap Eu.
By the Rev.
IT was New Year’s Eve, and the city,
looking very gay, was painted red.
During the day everybody was
busy settling accounts, pulling down
old picture-gods and putting up new,
and, at darkling, as an offering for sin,
sprinkling the blood of the fowl on the
doors of the houses. For the first time
since last New Year’s Eve the women
were sweeping their homes, polishing
the family gods, and preparing the
family altar for the burning of the in-
Even the mission station was affected,
by the bustle of the Chinaman. Pre-
sents were being sent to, and received
from, different people. On the doors
and walls of the compound new mottoes
were being pasted. Some of these
would not look amiss at home,
the motto on the medicine-room door
being: “ It is good to heal the body,
but it is more important to heal the
soul.” Good wishes were being ex-
changed and greetings sent to many
Towards evening a classroom was
made ready for the social which was
to be given to the Chinese Christians.
Everything was done to make this a
great success. Tea, cakes, oranges and
nuts were provided; selections were
given on the gramophone—called by
the Chinese “Lin-yin gi-chi,” meaning
“ The voice-retaining machine ”—while
during the evening different games
were played.
Those which pleased the people most
were “ Tailing the Donkey,” “ Blowing
out the Candle,” “ Trencher,” and
“ Chinese Character Building.” A tail-
less donkey was drawn on the black-
board, and a blindfolded person tried
to sketch the tail. Whenever this was
attached to the mouth of the donkey, or
to any other out of the way place, the
people shook with laughter. In “ Cha-
racter Building” part of the character
was written on the board, and each
person had to try to add a stroke until
the character was complete. We all
threw ourselves heartily into the games.
At half-past eleven, with Bibles and
hymnbooks, we gathered round Mr.
Pollard, who, owing to Mr. Evans be-
ing slightly indisposed, was to take the
Watchnight service.
After a hymn had been sung and a
prayer offered, the Scriptures were read
and a short address given. Then with
heads bowed and eyes closed we all
repeated a prayer after our leader, pro-
mising our Master that during the New
Year we would be better disciples.
As soon as service was over, instead
of joining hands and singing “Auld
Lang Syne,” we formed a ring, bowed
to one another, and exchanged con-
gratulations on having passed another
As the old year died, and a new child
of time was bom, there was no clashing
of bells and shaking of hands, but still,
as we went home, some of us felt that
even in China Jesus Christ had brought
a very Happy New Year to many peo-

A Letter fron? Wepchow
to Dr. Plurpiper.
Our dear friend, ere he left, sent a letter (and translation) received by him
from his second assistant at the Hospital. He has rendered it as literally as
possible. He says :—
“ It is cheering to know that the Church is increasing and that the Hospital is also
•doing spiritual work. When we left Wenchow the opium dens were only nominally
closed, so that it is good news to hear that vigorous steps are being taken. Wenchow
is a little out of the way, and so one of the last to fall into line.”
There is also a reference to the modern army of enquirers about im-
perial affairs; both indicating the new spirit that has come over China.
24 Dec., 1909.
Dear Dr. Plummer,—
Sang nyie toe ba. Choa Chang Vu
â– shi nyi, Choa Chang Vu shi nyi.
Sie toe Ke nyie Oh teh djah Bing ue,
yi tah djah ih kai Sang nyie, zaih ze
itu-zi Zang-Ming fu zang, Ah choa
Chang Vu Shi Sz-mo ta t’ung-t’ung ge
nang, ts’ing nyi de ng Pa moa.
Nyi ge Sang, ng Sin tae ba. Koa toe
I yue de z-kue, nang t’ung-t’ung Oh
Bing ue, Bing-nang zie Kai nyuch neh.
Wha Chue ts’z ts’z, yao 1416 nang. Kai
nyuch neh yi Chang yoo 1096 nang ba
Ki nyie dza ti Chue ge Bing nang yao
1409 nang ba.
Sa-zang-lao ts’z shi ta ts’z K’ae, zie ze
fu t’ung-t’ung ts’z, ts’z yao le iae Chang
ge moe Bing ts’z tsz.
K’e moe-bing Ah yao, Kaih lae neh
yao lae Kai nang, na de Sae liu, Oh K’e
goa ba.
Djue-doe neh neh yao Sie Sae tsao le
Koa, ng t’ing djah ah yao le nang yoa
I yue de tsao Ch’uch, Ah Sie Sang doe
li Chi, Chao-Chu-Roa-Sae, Ke nyie
I yue de yoo tu sie tang K’o Chi, Ah
yao tse-ngah tah Ch’i. Noa nyieh Sie,
li Pa ng, li Pa liuh, li Pa neh (’oa Shue).
Ah yao nang koa doe li.
Kung-whai toa chung Oh Bing ne,
Ah Shang ’oa zang, tsing Die da-ling-
’ao di foa, yoo ih Kai li-Pa-doa Sang
׳Chi ge.
Koa toe Wenchow zie ze ge Kue
Chang u ie li Chang Sie, yoo ih whai
lung-ko-yue z tsao Ch’uch, Po ma u ie
ge nang ta Ch’ih-ou ie ge nang Boh 6
Dear Dr. Plummer,—
The New Year has come, and I very
heartily wish you the compliments of
the season. As we think of the mercies
of the past year, and that we have been
spared to see the commencement of a
new one, I do indeed thank God from
the bottom of my heart. I want also
to pay my respects to Mrs. Plummer;
the other assistants desire to be remem-
bered to you.
I have received your letter, and am
glad to say that all the assistants and
servants at the Hospital are well. The
month before last there were 1,416*
out-patients seen, and this month there
have already been 1,096. This year
there have been 1,409 in-patients. We
have had a good many operations, and
during the past two or three days have
removed two carcinoma mammae.
Every day a preacher comes to speak
to the patients, and I have heard of
some who have professed conversion
when leaving the Hospital.
This Christmas the Hospital is being
decorated with lamps and flags so that
the place is very attractive. On Friday
Saturday and Sunday evenings we are
having services in the Hospital Chapel.
The church is at peace and flourish-
ing. Tsingdie and Dalingao both have
new chapels recently opened.
The present Wenchow magistrate is
very strict on the opium question. One
day he went out himself and caught
an opium-seller and six smokers, and
×´ This is an increase of 150 on the previous year's record ;
so that Dr. Smerdon has done splendidly.—W.E.P,

A Letter from Wenchow to Dr. Plummer
Rai nang ki. Ziuh Po gi tae goa, Ah
Ka Ch’i, Ah neh neh Po gi a ’oa
Yung-Ko-yue diu mang, ,a le nang
ts’z ts’z, wha yao tsao Sie-o di foa fu
K’a nang Po u ie Choa Ch’i.
Zie ze ng da ko nang z ta duh shi,
zinh z ho-’oh ta Kah-tsz, ih kai li-Pa
duh 3 neh, yao 3 neh K’e moe Bing ta
Bieh z kue.
Wenchow zie ze yao tu Sie nang, tsao
k’i tsu Sang ge Ping Ah yao Ping ge
kue tsoo li Koe Ch’i.
Roa toe Ts’a-sz-mo, zaih ze k’o Sih
Sie, du-o-doa de ’oh Sae, o Po nyie
fu ga nyie tu.
Ng t’ing djah kao-tung ta koa-Si lae
kai die-foa, yoo tu Sie teh-kwaih ge
Ping z ta, nyi yao t’ing djah fu ?
T’ie Sih lae, ng fu tse koa.
Tse Vai,
Dzing Suih Ming Si.
beat them and put them in prison.
Every day they are placed at the
front of the yamen wearing wooden
collars as a warning to all passers-by.
This magistrate has also gone into the
country, and will not allow anyone to
grow or cultivate the poppy.
Three afternoons a week are now
being given to operations, and the other
three days Dr. Smerdon teaches us
Recently a number of Wenchow men
have gone away to enlist in the modem
army; officers have also come here to
drill the men.
I hear there are a number of French
soldiers in the South of China. Have
you any news of this?
It is now very cold so I will not write
any further. Good-bye.
Written by Dzing Sui Ming.
Threshing Rice at Wenchow. [Dr. Plummer.
The rice as it grows is Doe ; when threshed Ruh.
The Prayer of a Christiap South Sea Islapder.
“ Grant, O Lord, that the good words to which we have listened be
not like unto the beautiful Sunday clothes, which we lay aside speedily
and put away until the Lord’s day comes again. But let these truths
be like the tattoo-marks upon our bodies, which cannot be removed
while we are alive.”

A Javepil© Bvtb־is״■
Missionary Meeting. J• H• duerden.
SUGGESTED ADDRESSES. (Each Address may, if found too long, be given in two parts by different
persons, as indicated by the asterisks.) The Chairman should also be a young person.
QY ft Y Dear Friends,—This is, as
IVI you know, the occasion of our
missionary anniversary, and I
have been asked to say a few words to
you. The subject of my address is:
Why should we support foreign mis-
sions ?
First of all—Because we owe so
much to missions ourselves. People
who say they do not believe in mis-
sions, have either never read, or have
forgotten, the history of our own land.
Much of what is noblest and best in
our British civilization, we owe to the
influence of Jesus Christ. How did
Christianity come to this country ?
The story is beautifully related by
John Richard Green in his History of
the English People. “ A memorable
story tells us how Gregory, a young
Roman deacon, had noted the white
bodies, the fair faces, the golden hair
of some youths who stood bound in the
market place of Rome. ‘ From what
country do these slaves come ? ’ he
asked the traders who brought them.
‘׳ They are English, Angles,’ the
slave dealers answered. ‘ Not
Angles, but Angels,’ he said, ‘ with
faces so angel-like.’ And what is the
name of their king ? ‘ALlla,’ they
told him, and Gregory seized upon the
word as of good omen, ‘Alleluia shall
be sung in ^Ella’s land,’ he cried, and
passed on, musing how the angel boys
should be brought to sing it.”
Gregory afterwards became Bishop
of Rome, and when he had an oppor-
tunity he sent a good Roman abbot,
named Augustine, to preach the gospel
to the English people.
He landed with his band of monks,
on the Isle of Thanet, and after the
English king had listened to a long
sermon preached in the open air by
Augustine, the company of monks en-
tered Canterbury singing the litany of
their church. Then, following that,
came the jubilant cry of the older
Hebrew worship, and Alleluia was
sung in ^Ella’s land. In that way the
Gospel of Jesus was brought to this
country by missionaries from other
(Suitable Hymn.)
Another reason why we should
support foreign missions is—-Because it
is our Lord’s direct command. Our
Lord Jesus Christ said, “ Go ye and
make disciples of all the nations, bap-
tizing them into the name of the Father
and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.”
What our Master commands, His ser-
vants must do, and it is this command
that has impelled all missionaries to
go on their errands of love and self-
sacrifice. It was this which sent Wil-
liam Carey to India in 1793, to begin
the grand work of evangelizing that
great and wonderful collection of peo-
pies. The work began in a very small
way in the back parlour of a widow
in Kettering in Northamptonshire.
There were only twelve very ordinary
people present at the meeting, and the
collection they took up only amounted
to ^12 2s. 6d. With this sum they
started upon the work of converting
the world. But they remembered that
it was not their work only, but God’s,
and so they started, full of faith. God
has prospered and blessed the work,
so that now there are probably a
quarter of a million communicants in
India, and nearly a million adherents.
* * * *
Obeying the same command Robert
Morrison went to China at the be-
ginning of the 19th century. When
Mr. Morrison had taken his passage and
and was leaving the shipping office, the
agent wheeled in his chair and said,
“ So, then, Mr. Morrison, you really
expect to make an impression upon the
idolatry of the great Chinese Empire ?
Mr. Morrison quickly but quietly re-
plied, ‘‘No sir, but I expect God will,”
and Christ has been true to His prom-
ise, for to-day in China there are no less

A Juvenile Missionary Meeting
than 11,500 Christians belonging to
the United Methodist Church alone,
beside many more thousands in other
missions, many of whom endured g’eat
sufferings for Christ’s sake during the
Boxer riots in igoo.
(Suitable Hymn.)
I wish to speak for a few moments
upon the subject of our East African
mission. This mission was started
in 1862, when the Rev. Thomas
Wakefield and James Woolner ar-
rived at Ribe (pronounced Reeb-eh), a
few miles inland from Mombasa. They
had great difficulties to contend with;
a new and difficult country; a strange
language ; and a depraved and savage
people. They were accompanied by a
distinguished German missionary, Dr.
Krapf, who acted as their counsellor
and guide. It was not long before Mr.
Woolner became very ill, and had to
return to Europe, and shortly after-
A Galla woman.
In front of orange tree.
[Photo : Rev. J. H. Duerden.
wards Dr. Krapf also broke down, so
that Mr. Wakefield was left entirely
alone. After six months’ loneliness he
was joined by the Rev. Charles New,
a devoted and brave-hearted man.
After a few months these two were
joined by another, the Rev. Edmund
Butterworth, but within two months of
his arrival he fell ill of fever and died.
Mr. New was an earnest missionary,
and a daring explorer. He was the
first to reach the snow-line on Mount
Kilimanjaro, but he, too, fell a victim
to the hardships he endured and the
unhealthy climate, and died in return-
ing from a journey of exploration.
Notwithstanding these and other great
and terrible losses, with other difficul-
ties of various kinds, Mr. Wakefield
laboured on for twenty-five years, and
had the joy of seeing many of the
natives won for Christ. At the present
time we have 485 members in our
churches in East Africa. The Rev. J.
B. Griffiths is our superintendent
there, and he has as his col-
league, the Rev. W. Udy Bas-
sett, and several native helpers.
Mr. J. Smith, an industrial mis-
sionary, is also serving us there.
(Suitable Hymn.)
I wish to give you a few facts
about the wonderful land of
One third of the human race
lives in China.
Every third person who lives,
and breathes upon the earth is
a Chinese; every third child
born into the world looks into
the face of a Chinese mother,
every third weeping orphan, and
every third widow is in China ;
evey third person who come to
die is Chinese. With what hopes
will these multitudes depart, for
thirty-three thousand of them
die every day?
Take your Bible and count
every letter in every word from
Genesis to Revelation, not once
but eighty times and you will

Another Tour in Yunnan
have counted the living millions of the
Chinese Empire.
What are we doing to save them?
To aid in this great work the
United Methodist Church has missions
in three distinct parts of China. In
North China we have 3,200 members.
In South Eastern China 4,500 mem-
bers, and in South West China 3,800
members : a grand total of about 11,500
members. The work that is carried
on is very varied. There are hospitals
where the sick and injured bodies of
the people are cared for by competent
doctors and skilled nurses; schools
and colleges, where the children and
young people are taught under Chris-
tian influences; and there are many
churches and chapels where the gospel
of Jesus is preached regularly to the
listening people. In addition to these
agencies our missionaries and native
preachers go out into the highways
and villages to proclaim the good ti-
dings of the birth, life, death and resur-
rection of Jesus. To keep all this
good work going a lot of money is
needed, and we want you to give very
generously to the collection.

Another Tour
ip Yuppap.
FTENTIMES I purposed to
come unto you, but was let
Our autumnal visit to Loh Yin Shan,
this year, gives an insight into the
‘ buts ’ and ‘ lets ’ that come in to upset
the plans of missionaries. Though
these cause keen disappointment at the
time, our faith in God, “ Whose we are
and Whom we serve,” keeps us plod-
ding on, doing the best we can.
We had previously arranged that to-
wards the end of the seventh month
Mr. Wang, one of our evangelists,
should visit Loh Yin Shan, but
the seventh and eighth month passed,
and no sign of the Miao, who were to
come in as escorts. (The employing
of Chinese coolies is unwise, would be
expensive, and, very often, impractic-
able.) At last, in the ninth month two
Miao made their appearance, and re-
ported the river to be passable—for in-
trepid travellers. It was then decided
that four or five men should come in at
the end of the month, and the mis-
sionary* himself would take the trip
(circumstances preventing Mr. Wang
from going). In course of time five
men arrived at the Fuh Yin Tang, and
were detained for a week, on account
of the Quarterly Church Meeting and
Sacrament. Monday morning it rained
By tlje
Rev. A. EVANS.
heavily, and the Miao advised delaying
a day. Tuesday saw us ready to start
—books and packages on the table—
when another ‘ but ’ appeared, this time
in the shape of an old symptom (since
my illness), that made it impossible for
me to go on a journey, and the men
had to return alone, and come again
in three weeks’ time.
Between this last and their next visit
we had the pleasure of seeing a man
discard his idols, and put the Ten Com-
mandments up in his home as a sign
to all of his acceptance of God as his
God. Three or four of us from the city
went to his home on the day appointed,
and as we sung a hymn to the praise
of Jesus, he, Mr. Dju, put a lighted
match to the pile of idols, and soon it
was reduced to dust and ashes. This
Mr. Dju has been brought to the know-
ledge of the truth through the influ-
ence, mainly, of our evangelist Fu, who
early in the year removed to his old
home across the plain, and there
started a small school, and instituted
evening service.
Soon after the twenty-fourth day of
the month, with no ‘ buts ’ or ‘ lets,’
we started for Loh Yin Shan — five
Miao (four men and a boy), the evan-
gelist Wang, the Pastor and his boy,
with Mrs. Evans and Mr. Dingle to

Another Tour in Yunnan
escort us out a few li. When travel-
ling over this road in the spring we
had narrow escapes, but this time there
was no sign of an accident. By four
o’clock, having crossed the still swol-
len river (some on horses, some on the
backs of men, and the rest as best they
could), we reached our first day’s desti-
nation. Here, of course, the usual
and unusual excuses for not receiving
us—all in vain, however, for I informed
the kindly folk that here was the place
to stay, of a truth; and soon we were
enjoying our evening repast on friendly,
terms with everybody. Since last year
the owner of this house has been
added to the vast number of China’s
blind. A strong healthy man, it was
pitiable to see him as he groped his
way from fire to room, or came out to
receive the inn-money. “ Our medi-
cine was good ” (thanks to the late Mr.
Turner, of Bristol), “ could we give
him a little to swallow, and so cure
him.” Unfortunately, we could not.
His only hope is the doctor, and though
some folk assert the contrary, we have
not yet a real live doctor at Tung
Passing the night at this poor
man’s home, we started at seven next
morning, and kept at it until five in the
evening, again finding difficulty in ob-
taining accommodation for the night.
At last we secured a loft, and passed
another night. Please don’t think of a
loft as a place where sweet hay and
clean straw is stored. If you require a
definition let it be : —“ A loft is a place
which it were wise not to see by day-
light.” Of necessity we were up early
next morning, and having fine weather
we succeeded in reaching Loh Yin
Shan by 2 p.m.
Here we remained for seven nights
with an interested and eager people.
Last year we held a Harvest Festival,
but as it had been such a hard year for
them, we were almost afraid to men-
tion it this year. The people, how-
ever, had settled the matter for them-
selves and for us. They knew what,
and how much, they were going to give,
and by Saturday evening ten bushels
of peas, beans, rice, buckwheat, etc.,
were presented before the Lord. How
is that for a village of one hundred and
seventy souls ? It is well known that
the Miao are good singers. It will not,
therefore, seem surprising that in seven
nights they learnt eight or nine new
tunes. Alas, I spoilt my melodeon over
the business. Were we at home a few
shillings would put it right, but then
you see, we are not. Will some musical
friend kindly send us a Campbell’s
Grand Chromatic?
During the day Mr. Wang and I had
Fifth-Moon feast. Group of Miao at Stone Gateway.
[Photo: R«v. H. Parsons,

The World’s Waking
school. And such a school. We were
out-of-doors all the time. I had taken
some books with me, hoping to improve
any spare time by learning a few char-
acters; and so had Mr. Wang. And
so had the scholars, big and little. This
was their harvest time. From sunrise
to sunset we held our school, or to be
more correct, our school held us.
Teacher, what is this character ? ”
And one, two, three, four, live, six
pages of St. Marie’s gospel, with a
pencil mark against a character or two
on each page, would be presented for
our inspection. These are our scholars.
For eleven months of the year they
have no teacher, but they “ do their
books,” and reap their harvest when
they can. And so when they come
into the city, or the teacher goes
to them, from morning to night it is,
Teacher, what is this ? ” “ What
does this mean?” “Teacher, I’m so
foolish, I’ve ׳forgotten again.” Far
from foolish are these scholars. One
little boy from this Miao school,
who has had the advantage of
a teacher for about three months
in two years, could read' a Chinese
tract in a way that surprised me,
and would have put most of our
Chinese scholars of his age to shame.
He will have his chance when Mr. Pol-
lard’s Miao Training Institute is an
established fact.
Whilst at Loh Yin Shan we in-
spected the steward’s book and audited
the accounts, and were pleased to find
the church still retained its self-sup-
porting character. At the last audit
the steward had a balance. During
the eight months the regular contribu-
tions have been sufficient to pay all or-
dinary expenses, bring the travelling
preachers on their journey, send men
in to the city and back as escorts, and
still have a balance of two thousand six
hundred cash, equal to 1.3 oz. silver.
According to rule we appointed an-
other steward, and adopted the mar-
riage regulations as drawn up by Mr.
Nicholls, of the C. I. M.
We then started on our return
journey and after travelling thirty-
three miles over some of the roughest
roads in the Tung Chwan prefecture,
we found rest for the night at Monkey
Hill. Before retiring to the loft I saw
one of ray men, with needle and string,
sewing up the cracks in his feet.* The
boards of the loft were not nailed down,
and care had to be exercised to prevent
catastrophes. Forty miles on Thursday
brought us to our desired haven.
T1?C World’s
The New Year wakes, and the world is
waking :
Throes of travail and birth are rife.
Look where Africa’s bonds are breaking!
Listen—Asia has leapt to life 1
Thrones are falling and systems shaking;
Old and new in the Age keep tryst,
For the world is waking,—a world in
making :
Win we that world for Christ 1
Waits the Fountain of Power; yet drink
Wait the sheep of the thousand folds.
Waits the web, but the bright threads link
Waits the Vision, but who beholds?
Waits God’s work for the workers—think
Heaven does ever what earth can do?
Waits His war : from the fighting shrink
Waits it for me? For you?
As the year wakes be the world’s awaking,
With a wind of hope, with a peal of song!
Thrills all earth to a sound of shaking :
Surely He comes who has tarried long!
Grows the light of a Star in making,
Grows till the Kingdom and King keep
For the world is waking, the day is break-
Is it the Day of Christ?
S. Gertrude Ford.
* Sic. Surely meaneth shoes.—Ed.

Oar Wonpep’s Auxiliary. By Mrs. balkwill.
BOUT the time this is in the
hands of many of our readers,
Ö¾* Miss Holt (whose portrait ap-
pears on page 6), will be on her way
to China, as she expects to sail in com-
{)any with some China Inland Mission
adies on January 3rd. During the last
few weeks Miss Holt has addressed
several meetings in various counties. A
special effort has been made by our
W.M.A. Rochdale District to further
help the mission fund by raising her
passage-money. We earnestly com-
mend our sister to the care and guid-
ance of Him to whose service in a far-
off land she has consecrated herself.
Appeals for more workers come from
other stations. Miss Roebuck, North
China, writes:—
Smerdon attended me, and helped me in
every possible way, but when I did not im-
prove he advised me to consult a doctor at
Shanghai. The latter thought a change to
Chefoo would be beneficial, so I stayed at
Chefoo four months, and returned to Wen-
chow in July. I was not very strong when
I came back, but have gone on improving,
and I am feeling very well at the present
time. With a little care I shall be able to
remain in Wenchow. I know you are pray-
ing for me and that knowledge has helped
me so much.
When Mr. Soothill was here last Chinese
New Year he asked me to give my time to
the School work, and I have done so. We
have a very good day-school now. At the
beginning of the year we had twelve girls,
now we have over forty. We had sixty for
some time, but when I had to leave Wen-
chow the girls did not come. In the New
Year I hope to start a boarding school.
“Advance must be made speedily, or the
work will suffer. At Tongshan there is
great need for someone to work among the
women; Yung Ping Fu is asking for a
Girls’ School, while at Wu Ting Fu the
Day School will be closed when Mrs. Eddon
leaves for home next spring.”
Dr. Lilian Grandin, writing recently
also from Chao Tong, says:—
“We need a single lady in this city to do
visiting and evangelistic work. The people
here are so friendly and ready to be taught,
it is a great happiness to me to be back
amongst them again.”
And yet, in face of all this, we have
this year to report a decrease in our
missionary returns. Dear fellow
workers, shall we not make a strenuous
endeavour next year to at least recover
lost ground? The reports, unavoidably’
delayed, will, we trust, be in the hands
of our secretaries early this month.
Friends of Miss Boardley, Wenchow,
will be glad to hear that her health is
better than it has been for some months
past. In a letter, dated October nth,
she says:—
I am pleased to say that I am now well
again. I was ailing all last winter, though
I did not stop working. Probably it would
have been better had I done so. Dr.
Mrs. Truscott Wood, the new
Corresponding Secretary.
[Photo: Brunnell, Launceston.

at Golbapti.
By tbe Rev J. H. DUERDEN.
BETWEEN the River Tana and
the mission-house is a tract of
ground about 400 yards in
breadth. Half of this, during the flood
season, which lasts for several months
each year, is under water, making it
impossible to pass from the river to the
house without using a canoe. When
the flood is receding this space be-
comes a morass of mud and shallow
water in which even a canoe is useless.
The late R. M. Ormerod, a man of God
whose memory is still green among the
Gallas of Golbanti, built a road and a
bridge across from the village to the
river. This, however, was washed
away. The photograph shows the re-
building of the road, in 1905, by which
communication from village to river on
dry ground was secured at all states of
the flood. This road and bridge (upon
which latter the workmen stand) re-
sisted three floods and were still intact
when I left Golbanti in June, 1906.
Prize Competition.
No. 13.
COPY of “Edinburgh, 1910,” by
the Rev. W. H. T. Gairdner,
M.A. (2s. 6d. net), will be
given for the best list of books on
Women’s Work for Missions.
Competitors must have been sub-
scribers to the MISSIONARY Echo since
January last. Initials or nom de plume
may be used, but name and address
must also be given. Papers (written on
one side only) to .be received at 61 Park
Road, Newcastle-on-Tyne, by the 25th
inst. Award in March.
The prize (a copy of “ By Temple
Shrine and Lotus Pool ”) has been
gained by Fredk. T. Hall, of Bishops-
ton Circuit, Bristol, for the paper on
next page.
The competition has been very keen,
and the other papers are placed in the
following order of merit:—
Class I: N. B.
Class 2: “ Missionary Collector,”
W. T. F., “Echo,” J. E. M., C. D. A.
Class 3: M. E., E. M. G., “A
Northern Endeavourer,” M., T. W. W.
[Photo: Rev. J. H. Diierden.
Road-making at Golbanti.

How to Copduct a
C.E. Missionary Meeting.
Prize Paper by
' HE grand purpose of the meeting must
be the creating of interest in the
spread of the Kingdom of God : this
interest in time to deepen, and to mature
into consecration, of person and means.
The first and indispensable preparation
•should be Prayer—a wrestling with the
Great Unseen that we may seek to evange-
.lize the world, enlighten the obscure parts
of the earth and reclaim humanity. The
leader should come direct from the Throne
of Grace, not for his own sake, but for the
sake of the assembly. The practice of secret
prayer should be inculcated throughout the
whole society, and especiallyÖ¾ encouraged in
the Prayer Committee, where a circle of
private prayer •should surround the whole,
and each should become the habitual inter-
cessor for all.
To consider other׳ preparations.
Not much insight is needed to observe
that our societies divide themselves naturally
into two divisions, which may be designated
“passive” and “active.” An inborn dislike
seems to possess our passive friends to
associating themselves with any project de-
manding prominence. Useful folk they are,
working for their Master, away from the
glamour attending publicity; meditative, a
little critical perhaps, but capable of enjoy-
ing the sensation that arises from listening
to speech of good quality and delivery. To
meet their requirements, the services of a
capable speaker must be requisitioned; one
with a ripe knowledge of his subject—prefer-
ably a missionary on furlough. If such be
not obtainable, there may be found—in many
of our larger centres at least—students in
training, one of whom, keen on missionary
enterprise, would willingly consent to serve.
The active members will lay themselves
out, without restraint, to participate in the.
meeting. Articles peculiar to heathen lands,
illustrative of the habits there, would be
shown, and native costumes would need to
be borrowed. Some would not mind for the
occasion “ Donning the garb of the .stran-
ger.” In the event of the garments not
being forthcoming, are there not always
“ Loving hands and nimble needles ” cap-
able of fashioning such attire? Want of
precision and accuracy need not be a barrier.
It is probable that considerable expense
might be incurred in fashioning the gar-
ments; but in the event of other societies
requesting visits, arrangements might be
made that would somewhat diminish this.
The illustrations in the MISSIONARY Echo
would yield a clever designer valuable hints,
from which patterns may be devised. In the
Special Conference Number last July is an
illustration entitled “Chong-huan-ran, with
wife and child ” (p. 168). A good example
is there afforded in the dress of the native
lady; and for the same purpose an inspection
of the September number would present three
bright little fellows in charming attire
(p. 227). It may here be stated, in paren-
thesis, that a supply of the MISSIONARY
Echo should be at hand, and the statement
made that the dresses were replicas of illus-
trations taken from its pages. This may in-
cidentally lead to an increase in the local
The speaker should be cognizant of all
these preparations, or, better still perhaps,
should be consulted, so that these exhibits
might serve as a kind of commentary upon
his address.
In most societies there are those who are
talented as paper writers, and two such
might be asked to contribute short and com-
prehensive papers on, say (1) Our Deputation
in China and (2) The World Missionary Con-
A valuable adjunct is song—an English
hymn might be translated phonetically into
a native tongue and learnt, e.g., “Jesus
wants me for a sunbeam,”* might be ren-
dered in a Chinese dialect, by Juniors attired
as “ Ting Feng and Chung” (ECHO, p. 227).
During the meeting five minutes should
be employed by members reciting from
memory texts bearing on missionary work,
carefully selected beforehand, also a short
period may be allocated to those who would
like to speak upon the subject. The aim of
the meeting should be kept steadily in view,
and an invitation extended to any to remain
at the close for consultation.
The programme should be prepared be-
forehand, and judiciously circulated; this,
with a pulpit announcement should secure
the attendance of those most likely to be
benefited and make for an advance in mis-
sionary interest, not only in the society itself,
but in the congregation.
Perhaps one danger may exist—whether
the desire for effect may not unduly bring
into prominence the characteristics of an.
entertainment. The tone that should prevail
is one of quiet seriousness, not forgetting
the presence of the Spirit of the Living God.
*This has been Translated into Miao by the Rev, S. Pollard.
We have written Mrs. Pollard for a copy, and it shall be
printed next month•—Ed.

Missionary Echo
Cbe TUniteb finetbo&ist Cbuvcb.
Sidelights op Medical By Dr
Missionary Worfi at Lilian m.
Slope Gateway. grandin.
SEVEN-HOUR ride on pony-
back has to be faced before
Shi'h-men-k’an is reached from
Chao-t’ong City, over lonely roads
superlatively accidentee, and one is
always glad of the Sabbath rest ensu-
ing. Medical work among the Miao,
by its very nature monotonously unin-
teresting, has, however, a peculiar
charm about it not met with in work
among the Chinese. For here you are
brought face to face with rough, undis-
ciplined sons of nature, erring mankind
in the rawest condition—yet, too,
themselves the organic filaments of a
people who are reaching out to a future
built on hope and faith in a Heavenly
Father, and one cannot but look upon
them with an indefinite pity as poor,
wandering, wayward children.
A short article, in some way descrip-
tive of how the medical work is carried
out on these periodical visits, may not
be without its interest to the ECHO
readers at this time, in view of the fact
that the eyes of the Connexion have
been riveted upon our field during the
last few months of trouble and rebellion.
f 5
Medical visits are made at sacrament
[Photo, Mr. E. J. Dingle.
Hwa Miao patients awaiting attendance
on medicine-day at Stone Gateway.
February, 1911.

Sidelights on Medical Missionary Work at Stone Gateway
[Photo, Mr, E.J. Dingle.
Dr. Lilian Grandin outside the Dispensary.
time. After that service the announce-
ment is made that “ Medicine Day ”
falls on the morrow, that people must
come on that day and on no other day,
and that anyone putting in an appear-
ance after that day will find that the
doctor is gone. But should one stay in
the hospitable home of Mr. and Mrs.
Parsons for a few days’ rest, one realizes
how futile such exhortations are: on
each succeeding day in they come with
childlike plausibility as strong as their
excuses are weak. A great attraction
to the mothers and children, whose
skins present such a striking contrast
in colour, is the white baby, tiny Elsie
Parsons. They exhaust their endear-
ing epithets on the little lady, the most
frequently heard being, “ the little
We start early on Monday morning
to prepare for the expected crowd, and
continue busy for the greater part of
the day. Compared to former days, at
earlier times in the Miao work here,
dispensary work is now carried on in
a comparatively luxurious fashion. The
chief room of the cottage, formerly the
missionary’s dwelling-place is now re-
served for seeing patients, and dispens-
ing medicines to them. It is a large
room lighted by one window—large as
it is, however, the request has to be
made that patients not being im-
mediately seen must remain outside;
otherwise, the atmosphere becomes too
heavy for European nostrils to breathe
with comfort.
Mothers come with their babies
strapped on their backs wrapped to in-
visibility in the characteristic felt cape
of the Miao. Sometimes another child
is carried in the arms. A frequent com-
plaint is that “ the baby, cries so ”—no
wonder, poor child, when too often it
is shut in the house alone, while the
mother is out in the fields helping in
the primitive ploughing, or sowing, or
reaping. What infantile digestion
could endure such fasts without rebel-
lion ? That so many survive their in-
fanfi woes is a marvel to a European.
Many, sadly emaciated and ill-cared for,
need proper feeding rather than drugs.
This lack of ordinary care leads to the
contraction of chest disease and diges-
tive troubles.
Another very interesting class is
made up of those disturbed by dreams
and by the influence of the “ evil eye ” !
One man, who says the “ evil eye ” has
been cast on him, fears that the pains
already racking his bones, are but the
harbinger of his speedy dissolution.
Scarcely necessary is it to say that the
pains are due to rheumatism, the relief
of which frees the patient’s mind from
its burden of fear. If the Miao could
only be got to believe absolutely in God,
who saves them to the uttermost, losing
their fear of outside evil influences and
multifarious demons, it would work a

Sidelights on Medical Missionary Work at Stone Gateway
remarkable transformation in the cha-
racter of the whole race. The past has
a tight grip on them still, and they find
it hard to shake off its trammels and
to rise into the new life in Christ. To
treat the Miao by suggestion alone,
without the use of drugs, would be
time wasted; they need some tangible
proof to help their faith. But they cer-
tainly believe that the medicine will
cure them, and so, taking it mixed with
faith, it does them double good.
The Chinese, on the other hand, will
allow their own people to do what they
will with them. I heard of a case of
such faith, unfortunately too mistaken,
only this morning. A man who came
from Szech’uan to this city gave out
that he was a doctor and able to cure
every sort of disease. Six days ago
a woman came to him, and asked him
to cure her of headache. To relieve
this complaint, the quack drove a nail
into the patient’s righjt temple, and
was to obtain thirteen taels for this
treatment, telling her this was a certain
cure. After a time the patient found
the nail inconvenient, and asked the
quack whether he could remove it.
“Set your heart at rest,” said the quack,
“ and drink this water, then it will come-
out.” The water was drunk, but the
nail stayed in. Forcible means were
finally used to remove the nail, but the
unfortunate patient died three days
ago, having probably suffered more
severe headache in those three days
than she had before known in the whole
course of her life. The patient’s friends
subsequently brought an accusation
against the quack, who is now in prison
awaiting the sentence of doom. It is•
said that he is not quite responsible for
his actions.
Again, with the Miao, there are leg
ulcers of long standing, unsightly sores
which one can only begin to treat and
then leave to the missionaries on the
station to continue caring for. Then
come the scarred throats and hoarse
unmusical voices, the deformed skins
devoid of all their natural elasticity and
innocent of glands. Another class-
come, not to be seen, but to ask for
medicine for some one left at home—
an old person too feeble to walk across
the secluded mountains; a little child
too ill to be carried, or who cannot
leave the mother. But, unsatisfactory
as such second-hand treatment is bound'
Dr. Grandin and Miss. Ethel Squire, B.A., [Photo, Mr, E. J. Etngie.
returning from the Dispensary.

Foreign Secretary’s Notes for the Month
to be, one cannot refuse these requests,
and so we send what one hopes may do
some good. It is as impossible to force
every patient to come to the doctor, as
it is for the doctor to go to the patient.
I did pay one visit to a patient over
eight miles away. Her husband came
about one p.m. to ask for medicine. I
-could not give any, and we debated
whether it were possible to go and re-
turn the same day. We decided to try:
so the ponies were saddled, and we set
off. Our uneven road lay down the
steep hillside to the market village,
across the river, then up a hill opposite.
After this climb, we had about four
miles of moorland and fairly level coun-
try, across which we could scamper.
The village for which we were bound
lay in a hollow in the hills and pine
trees grew amongst the huts. The
women, stripped to the waists, were
gathering the maize and cutting down
the hemp, and in the village itself one
breathed the spirit of the life as it was
lived in the East 1,000 years before
Christ walked the earth. Had I room
I should like to describe the natural
magnificence of this hill-country, and the
life of the people echoing the days of
long, long ago. After attending to the
patient, which did not delay us as long
as we expected, and taking some re-
freshment, we departed amidst earnest
entreaties to stay the night. By fast
riding we reached the mission premises
just after dusk, weary, but trusting that
some good had been done. But many
journeys of such a nature would be too
great a tax on one’s powers of physical
endurance, especially when the weather
is unfavourable.
I hope to pay one more visit to the
Shih-men-k’an Dispensary this year,
and then to devote myself entirely to
the Hospital work in Chao-t’ong City.
Chao-t’ong, September 15th, 1910.
Foreign Secretary’s
Notes for the Month.
By tbc
Two New Two candidates have been
Missionaries accepted for agricultural
for East missionary work in East
Africa. Africa.
t One is Mr. R. N. Ash-
ton, who has had six years’ experience
of industrial missionary work in East
Africa. He went out in 1904 in con-
nection with the Industrial MissionÖ¾Aid
Society to work at Frere Town. When
the operations of that society were
taken over by the East African Indus-
tries, Ltd., he was transferred, but ulti-
mately left because he desired more dis-
tinctly missionary work. His wife was
for seven years C.M.S. missionary at
Frere Tow׳n, and had charge of the
Elementary and Higher Grade Schools.
They are both anxious to give their
lives for the uplifting of the African,
and when :they heard, through the Rev.
J. B. Griffiths, that we required more
agricultural missionaries, Mr. Ashton
immediately offered himself. In a brief
interview he commended himself by his
spirit, knowledge and experience for the
position he will hold in connection with
our mission. He is now upon furlough,
and as soon as he considers they have
sufficiently recuperated, Mr. and Mrs.
Ashton will return to East Africa in
connection with our mission.
The other person accepted for this
work is Mr. W. E. Northon. Mr.
Northon comes of United Methodist
parentage, his father has been a local
preacher on the Spalding plan for forty
years, and at an advanced age will see
his son enter upon a missionary career,
for which the father’s prayers and
preaching have been a preparation. Mr.
Northon has been a Sunday School
worker and a local preacher, so that he
will be perfectly at home on the mis-
sionary side of his work. For the other
side he is equally well qualified, for he
is an experienced farmer, and has given
considerable study to agriculture. He
I place my little upon the altar of sacrifice,
not for my own sake, not for the sake of
the United Methodist Church, but for the

Foreign Secretary’s Notes for the Month
sake of Him who said : “ Go ye into all the
world and preach the Gospel.” A wish of
my sainted mother will be fulfilled, that if
any of her sons went abroad, it would be
as a missionary.
We commend these devoted brethren
to the earnest prayer and sympathy of
all our readers.
A Disappoint- The yield of rubber this
nient and a year from our mission
Compliment, plantation in East Africa
falls far below the esti-
mate. Instead of 7,000 lbs. there has
been gathered 1,600 lbs. of wet rubber
which will reach the market as about
900 lbs. dry rubber. Both Mr. Griffiths
and Air. Smith are greatly disappointed
with this result, and while there is no
doubt that the estimate was formed in
a very rosy light, there have been ex-
ceptional conditions which would have
prevented the most reasonable anticipa-
tions from being fully realized. In the
midst of the busiest season Mr. Smith
was seized with blackwater fever, and
since then has suffered more than once
from an attack of ordinary fever. Pie
nobly did his utmost notwithstanding
his enfeebled strength. Then again
there was a long period of drought
which caused ordinary crops to fail, and
which was as much as the young rub-
ber trees could endure, and to have
tapped them then would have injured
them for future years. The tapping
season will not begin again until March.
All this is disappointing, but it forms
only one of those checks and miscalcu-
lations which we must expect in con-
nection with a tropical plantation.
Nevertheless there is. no real cause
for discouragement in regard to this
part of our work. That our mission
plantation is an excellent one and full
of promise is confirmed by the testi-
mony of an independent witness, Mr.
H. Powell, the Chief of the Economic
Plants Division, who, in a report of his
tour of inspection, in which he visited
the various plantations along the coast,
An inspection was completed also at Ribe
where the United Methodist Mission has a
plantation of upwards of sixty acres o׳f
Ceara rubber, of less than three-year-old
trees, second to none in the Protectorate,
and yielding splendidly.
This report appeared in the “East
African Standard.” We have over 300
acres of which only about 100 are
planted, and Mr. Griffiths believes,
though Mr. Smith is not so sanguine,
that the present plantation will, when
fully developed, be sufficient to meet
the present expenditure on our mission
in East Africa.
But it is essential that the estate shall
be thoroughly well worked, and our
friends will see the wisdom of adding
two capable men to our agricultural
A Miao In connection with one of
Wedding. his harvest festivals, Mr.
Pollard arranged to con-
duct a wedding service, but the wedding
so completely eclipsed the harvest fes-
tival that the latter had to be postponed.
He says:—
The wedding was a great affair, and as
Mr. Hudspeth and I looked at the large
gathering of about 100 guests and watched
their behaviour, remembering what it would
have been a few years ago, we both agreed
that we were in the presence of a miracle.
I do not think the word “ miracle ” at all
over-describes the scene. No trace of any
drink, and years ago there would have been
[With acknowledgments to the Editor of
“The Agricultural Economist and Horti-
cultural Review," E. O. Greening, Esq.

Foreign Secretary’s Notes for the Month
many drunken. No trace, as far as I could
see, of anything unseemly, and years ago the
scene would have been such that no paper
of ours would have published a true des-
cription. We had a big Christian service
at night, and sang and sang till we were
tired. Jesus was honoured and given first
place at that wedding.
Idols It is well to be able to see
Bewitched. ourselves as others see us.
That privilege was given
to Mr. Pollard in one of his recent
journeys. A Nosu trader travelling
with him stopped at the house of an-
other Nosu and tried to persuade him
to be a Christian. He mentioned that
the missionary Pollard was not far be-
hind. The man answered, “ That Pol-
lard foreigner is a bad man. He has
cast a spell over all our idols so that
now none of them answer our prayers.”
Mr. Pollard adds : “ That is a testimony
w’orth coming to China for. The truth
is that Christianity is working in all
directions, and there will be a great
change soon.” May God hasten the
A Medical In a recent letter Dr.
Missionary Baxter says that he en-
at Work. joys the work at Chu
Chia very much, He
Since May we have performed about one
hundred and fifty operations, most of these
under a general anaesthetic, and several en-
titled to be called major operations. Too
frequently we are crhmped for room to ac-
commodate all who seek admission. It is a
small hospital with about forty beds. We
would welcome the addition of fifteen more.
1 have visited the dispensary of Laoling on
several occasions. We start from here about
noon, and arrive at Laoling about four hours
later. In the evening we hold a preaching
service and then see patients. The next day
we do the same in the forenoon, and about
one start for home again. On our first
visit we called upon the chief officials, be-
ginning with the magistrate, who has a
good reputation among the people for up-
right dealing. He was very pleasant and
courteous. In the course of our conversa-
tion we mentioned the existence of several
illicit opium shops in the village here. Ten
days later a raid was made, one man was
apprehended, fined and put in the cangue
for thirty days. Just now we have ten men
breaking off the opium habit. Opium is
very dear, and, on account of the expense
many wish to give it up. One man was
spending a shilling a day, a large and ruin-
ous sum for the average Chinaman. In
the village here are about fifteen chronic
opium smokers.
The Te-ping magistrate sent me a man
who had been shot by a robber. He dame
several days after the injury, which was in
the shoulder. The wound was suppurating.
The bullet, when extracted, turned out to be
“ We breakfast alfresco at the * Hotel Cecil,' beyond the
Great Wall of China, in the heart of the brigand country.
Picture by the donkey-man.”—Rev. G. P. Littlewood.

Terrible End of the “Tired” Chapel
a globular brass button. It carried in with it
some cloth and wadding from his clothing.
As a mark of appreciation for our service in
connection with the first case sent, this
magistrate presented us with a large com-
plimentary tablet, which Was erected with
the usual Chinese accompaniments of music,
etc., excepting that the customary prostr׳a-
tion before the t'ablet was omitted.
Several patients are in with tuber-
culous disease of the bones. One of the last
operated on had her knee excised. She is
doing well. Cancer is, unfortunately, fre-
quently met with. One woman will soon
leave us after an extensive amputation of
the breast. In the same ward was a woman
successfully operated on for cataract. One
little boy has just left us who came in prac-
tically blind. He can see now a little
through a small opening made in the iris of
one eye.
* * *
I have pleasure in acknowledging
from “Anonymous” £10 for the educa-
tion of a Chinese boy. As no address
is given I take this means of acknow-
ledging the receipt of this sum. May
others hear a voice saying:—
“ Go thou, and do likewise.”
* * *
From the Rev. R. W. Gair who re-
presented me at Southampton, to bid
farewell to Miss Holt:—
“ It was another great privilege to be
your representative at Southampton to-
day, to give a farewell to Miss Ada
Holt, bound for China. Mrs. Gair went
with me, and we were joined by some
Southampton friends, including the
Rev..J. Ash, Mrs. Gibbs, Miss G. Bull,
and Mr. W. Johnson. We met Miss
Holt and her father and mother as they
left the train, and at 11.30 the tender,
on which there was handed to Miss Holt
a packet of telegrams and letters, took
us out to the “ Yorck.” We boarded the
liner, and met the party of C.I.Ms. with
whom our missionary is travelling.
“ Miss Holt was bright and cheerful,
though she has felt the strain of the last
few days. Among her last words was
one of appreciation of the many tokens
of affection shown, and the great kind-
ness received up and down the Con-
nexion; and she wished all her friends
to accept her thanks. We said ‘ Good-
bye,’ and left Miss Holt and her parents
to themselves for the last few minutes,
while we breathed a prayer to the Great
Father committing our brave young
friend to His care, and asking comfort
for those who were giving up so much.
As we returned, Mr. Holt said: ‘ We
have given our best, and Ada would
only be happy as a missionary.’ ”

Terrible Epd of tbe
“Tired” Cbapel*
IN the November number of the
ECHO, 1908 (p. 251) there is an
account of the chapel at Rice Ear
Valley, about thirty miles to the north
of Stone Gateway. The story of the
building of this large chapel, in which
more than a thousand people have often
gathered, is one of constant disaster.
Five times the walls gave way, and
when we succeeded at the sixth time in
making the building keep up we all
felt glad. There was, however, a feel-
ing of insecurity, and no one could be
sure that the chapel would not collapse
once more. It is not at all an easy
matter to build in these lonely country
places where roads do not exist, and
By the Rev.
where building materials are conspicu-
ous by their absence.
For a few years services were regu-
larly held in this chapel at Rice Ear
Valley, but at last the walls began to
bend ominously, and it looked as if the
whole building were tired of standing
up, and determined at all costs to lie
down for a long sleep.
To prevent catastrophe the roof was
taken off, and preparations were made
for the dismantling of the whole. On
my return from furlough, story after
story was brought me of the plight of
the worshippers at this outstation. In
good weather open-air services are de-
lightful. In snow and rain, or in a

Terrible End of the “ Tired ” Chapel
[.Photo, Rev. S. Pollard.
“Waiting for me at the ferry on the
way to Rice Ear Valley.”
burning tropical sun, they are anything
but pleasant. As soon as I could get
away I went to visit Rice Ear Valley.
It was pleasant meeting friends all the
way down. Four days to do thirty
miles’ travelling denotes a state of
affairs which is not quite up to the
latest quick run between Euston and
Birmingham. The third day out a lot
of folk were waiting at the ferry, and
together we went on to the “Valley
of the Copper
Mine.” In the early
days we tried hard
to get the land-
lord’s permission to
build the chapel
here as the climate
is much warmer,
but he had refused
all entreaties, and
we were compelled
to go farther
among the hills to
Rice Ear Valley.
While staying at
this latter place
heavy rains came
on, and in the
night I was startled
several times by
the loud boom of
falling walls. The
chapel was gradu-
ally taking itself
down. Before I left
the whole of the
wooden framework
on which the roof
rested was taken
down, and the peo-
pie resolved to
once more rebuild-
We cannot, ho\y-
ever, build until
next year, and, in
the meantime, a
smaller building is
being erected
which will do for a
day school later
on. The second
Sunday I spent at
Rice Ear Valley,,
there were about
700 people present,
among them being
TÖ¾Ian-yoh who was so nearly sacrificed
by the rebels in the early part of the
year. It was not an easy thing preach-
ing from the end of a lot of boards
placed over the rostrum to keep the
rain from spoiling it. At each of the
holes where the windows formerly were
there were gathered groups who were
unable to get inside the walls of the
ruins. As usual, the mothers had
brought the babies in large numbers
[Photo, Rev. S. Pollard.
The ” tired ” chapel in ruins.
View from the north side.

Terrible End of the “Tired” Chapel
Inside the ruins. The planks are put over the
rostrum to protect it from the rain. The native
preacher on my right is Wang Hsiao, who has had
eight children and lost them all. [Photo, Rev. S. Pollard.
and some of them were kept quiet by
giving them cucumbers to eat. It does
not quite seem the right thing when
one looks down from the rostrum and
sees infants in arms struggling to eat
and not digest large raw cucumbers. It
is also a bit humorous to give a small
lecture on the evil of infants eating
cucumbers just before one gives out the
second hymn. There is no necessity
for a card with “ Please remember the
children ” being placed right under the
preacher’s eyes. If he forgets anybody
it will not be the children. On this
special Sunday there was present a
talkative old lady who persisted in
chatting to her neighbours. At last I
could stand it no longer, so when she
was deep in one of her confidential
chats I startled her by throwing my
small hymn book at her. That touched
the spot!
After the service was over about fifty
elders remained and promised to see
that their villages gave generously to-
wards the new chapel. Then my little
room on the hillside was crowded while
we did our best to bring together again
a young couple who had separated after
eight years of marriage. The husband
is only nineteen years of age now so
he could not have been a very aged
bridegroom. After a lot of talk both
husband and wife agreed to live to-
gether again, and the next day they
went home escorted by two elders, one
of whom was to take to the young
couple a pair of goats as a re-wedding
present from the missionary.
In another similar case we were not
so successful. The father of the hus-
band who had got rid of his wife, said
that if the missionary insisted on the
two living together again then they
would give up their Christianity. The
missionary still insists and awaits the׳
After the marriage troubles were
finished with pro tem., over a hundred
cases were waiting for help in one way
or other. Thin babies and sick hus-
bands, fever patients, and many with
ague. All sorts and conditions of men,
“ Some of our Scholars outside the south
wall of the ‘tired * chapel.” [Photo, Rev. S. Pollard.

Mohammedanism in the Light of Recent Developments
women and children pressing on one
until I was as tired as that “ tired ”
chapel, and wished that I, too, could
sit down awhile. We ought not to have
to do this work, and possibly we are
Blamed by some for doing so. The
blame, should surely rest on men and
women at home who are sorely needed
here and won’t come. Or rather on
the Christian Churches who could give
for the support of such medical mis-
sionaries, but will not do so. Criticism
we do not mind, but blame does not
belong to us. If we refuse to help then
the medicine man, the spiritualistic
wizard is around the corner, and if he
gets a footing in the home there is
tragedy awaiting the missionary.
Service among the ruins! The sun
scorching down on one’s huge sun hat
while preaching! Hundreds with their
little cups and bits of buckwheat bread
remembering Jesus! Babies and
cucumbers! The old lady with the
hymn book flung at her! (N.B., it was
only a little book and not a stool. It
is ladies who throw stools at the
preachers!) Quarrelling husbands and
jealous wives !׳' Generous elders and
visions of a new chapel which shall
stand for ioo years! Crowds of sick
and afflicted! Cheerful boys and girls
anxious to learn the latest tunes of
which there are two, one being “Ye
Banks and Braes,” and the other
“What can wash away my sins.” A
beautiful blue sky and brilliant stars!
All ending in mixed ideas and con-
fused thoughts, and then sweet sleep to
the “tired” missionary.
Stone Gateway, September, 1910.
<£§=> <־>§=*
Mcbaipipedapisin ip
Light of
Recent Developments.
By tl>c Rev.
I.—The Mountainous
•‘Who art thou, O great mountain? be-
fore Zerubbabel thou shalt become a plain.”
—Zechariah iv. 7.
tF all the difficulties in the way of
the worldwide spread of Chris-
tianity Mohammedanism has
long been recognized as the most for-
midable. It has been customary for
some time past to "plead for the more
rapid evangelization of Africa on the
ground that Mohammedanism is spread-
ing so rapidly there, and that when once
people have become Mohammedans
their conversion to the Christian faith
is almost past praying for. And this
is one of the strongest arguments in
favour of expedition in mission work in
Africa at the present time.
Not many years ago we were startled
and shocked to find a Canon of the
English Church teaching that Moham-
medanism was better for the African
than Christianity. Mohammedanism
meant Mohammedanism plus total ab-
stinence from alcoholic liquors; Chris-
tianityÖ¾ meant Christianity plus bad gin
and ruinous rum. For many centuries
the relations between Mohammedans
and Christians have been those of bitter
hostility. To the Mohammedan, the
Christian has been a dog; while to the
Christian, the Mohammedan has been
an infidel—the infidel, and Moham-
med the false prophet. George Adam
Smith tells us that—
“ for centuries the Christians have had no
spiritual intercourse with Mohammedans,
that׳ indeed to try to convert a'Mohammedan
has been for twelve hundred years a capital
Once he asked a cultured and devout
layman of the Greek Church, “ Why
then did God create so many Moham-
medans ? ” The answer came hot and
fast: “To fill up hell!” No wonder
that another recent writer should say:
“ Mohammedans in these countries have
never had an opportunity to understand and
accept true Christianity. From the days of
Mohammed until recent years, the contact
of Moslems with Christians has not been
such as to commend Christianity. The re-

Mohammedanism in the
lations which the Mohammedans have had
with the Christians of Europe, in Spain and
during the Crusades, were not such as to
make the Mohammedan believe that his
own religion is inferior. The Arab, the
Turk and the Persian have known Chris-
tianity as a religion only to hate it and to
regard its devotees as their sworn enemies.
Christianity has never been presented to
them until recent years in a spirit of love
and self-sacrifice.”
It is to be feared that that witness is
only too true.
From the Christian point of view
events which have been occurring in
Turkey during the past three years have
been of absorbing interest. Not many
years ago “ Abdul the Damned,” as a
popular journalist styled him, was per-
secuting the Armenian Christians until
the world rang
w i t h the outcry ____________________
against his atroci-
ties. Those poor
Armenians seemed
like sheep given up
to the slaughter
with no helpers in
Heaven or earth,
except that the
Society of Friends
and a few choice
$ o u 1 s like “ St.
Francis of An-
Coats” and Dr.
R e n d e 1 Harris
ministered to their
heed as best they could, keeping them
from perishing from starvation, when
they had managed to escape butchery by
the Kurds. W. E. Gladstone came out of
his retirement at tlawarden, tottering
with age, and appealed to the Rosebery
Government to interpose and bid the
Sultan halt; but even this appeal was
in vain. It seemed a dark day in Eng-
lish history and in the history of Chris-
tianity. God had a better way of ac-
complishing His purpose and avenging
His. slaughtered saints. It is most in-
structive to ponder, most inspiring to
reflect upon, suggesting once more those
well-known lines:—
'“Deep in unfathomable mines
Of never-failing skill
He treasures up His bright designs,
And works His sovereign will.”
Verily I say unto you, If
ye have faith as a grain of
mustard seed, ye shall say
unto this mountain, Remove
hence to yonder place; and it
shall remove.
Matthew xvii. 20.
Light of Recent Developments
All through those dark days the
leaven was quietly at work which was
preparing the way for a new time. One
morning the world woke up to find that
there had been a revolution in Turkey,
a revolution that proved to be no mere
flash in the pan. It has been a source
of continual astonishment to find how
wisely it was conceived, and how
skilfully it was executed. “ Abdul the
Damned ” has since gone into retire-
ment to meditate upon his evil deeds,
and his subjects have rejoiced to find
themselves free from the incubus.
Throughout the Turkish Empire, civil
and religious liberty have been pro-
claimed; the Mohammedan, the Jew,
and the Christian have been declared
to stand upon an equal level of civil
right and privilege and duty; a free
press has been in-
stituted; compul-
sory education has
been enacted; re-
presentative Go-
vemment has been
established. And
all this has been
done with the for-
mal sanction of the
High Priest (?) of
Islam (the Sheikh-
ul-Islam) who has
declared that it is
only putting into
practice the sacred
trusts of the Mo-
hammedan religion which have existed
from, of old. In making these statements
there has been perhaps more of diplo-
macy than loyalty to truth, but the
significance of them has not been
lessened thereby.
To fully appreciate all that this has
meant it is needful to remember that the
Sultan of Turkey has come to. be re-
garded as the Caliph of Islam for all
the world. He is, we are told, the
guardian anl keeper of the sacred
shrine. In his possession are the re-
vered relics of Mohammed. The vie-
torious banner, said to have been borne
by the Prophet himself in his conquests,
lies ready for still greater triumphs if
called forth by “ The Shadow of God

Mohammedanism in the Light of Recent Developments
on Earth.” The in-
fluence of the Sul-
tan of Turkey over
Moslems of all
races far surpasses
that of any other
living man. When
the United States
were at war with
the Spanish for the
possession of the
Philippine Islands,
a few years ago, negotiations for
the peaceable submission of the Mo-
hammedans in the Philippines, twelve
thousand miles away, were carried
on at Constantinople between the
United States minister and the Sultan
of Turkey; and a communication
from the Sultan of Turkey did
much to induce the Philippines to ac-
cept the authority of the United States.
The name and office of the Sultan as
the successor of the Prophet are spoken
of reverently and with affection in India
and China as well as among other
Moslem peoples. It is therefore im-
possible to over-estimate the signifi-
cance of the step which has madte the
Sultan of Turkey a constitutional
monarch, and made Turkey itself the
home of civil and religious freedom.
The entire Mohammedan world has
been thereby brought nearer Chris-
tianity, and a better opportunity has
been provided for the presentation of
the claims of Christ than ever before.
The Revolution in Turkey may prove to
have been one of the most notable
events in the history of humanity. Ac-
complished with so little bloodshed,
with such wonderful self-restraint on
the part of its authors, piloted through
its *difficulties with such consummate
skill, it is one of the miracles of modern
times. It seemed too good to be true.
The world waited to see if it would
last. It was confidently expected there
would be reaction, but as the reaction
is so long delayed, and the new con-
ditions become consolidated, thoughtful
and devout people may well feel that a
great obstruction—a mountainous diffi-
culty—has been removed from the path-
way of Christianity. In it we may see the
fulfilment of the prophetic word, “ Every
valley shall be exalted, and every
impossible with men are pos-
sibie with God.
Luke xviii. 27.
which are
mountain and. hill
shall be made low,
and the crooked
shall be made
straight and the
rough places plain.
Is not this revo-
lution in T urkey
as great a sight as
that which once
excited the reverent curiosity of Moses,
when, seeing a bush burning but uncon-
sumed, he said, “ I will turn aside to see
this great sight ” ? We may see how this
mighty and wonderful movement in
Turkey originated, but that story must
be left to another issue.
Samuel R. Loxley, nine years of age. His father is
one of the stewards of our Milton Street Church,
Middlesbrough. Sam was born in 1901, and has
collected as follows : —
1902 ... 0 5 9
1903 ... 0 8 1
1904 ... 1 13 10
1905 ... 2 9 0
1906 ... 2 10 8
1907 ... 2 8 8
1908 ... 2 18 8
1909 ... 3 15 3
1910 ... 5 0 0
£21 9 11
(Per Rev. H. Holroyde.)

The Watchtower.
from Yung P’ing :—
We have been greatly stimulated
by the Conference vote of ;£150 for a
Women’s Hospital. Now we are starting a
Chinese subscription list to complete the
scheme. A few weeks ago a grateful army
major patient gave us $100 (about _£9) for
building purposes.
This is the title of a well-illustrated
article in “ The World’s Work ” for
November. We rejoice in the indus-
trial offers reported by Mr. Stedeford
in his “ Notes ”: when shall we have
ministerial acceptances?
In a letter from his father, Colonel
Smerdon, we have an account of the
way in which Dr. Smerdon is returning
home. Miss Smerdon went out to
Wenchow with the Plummers, that she
might accompany her brother on a tour.
The Colonel writes from Rathgar, co.
I heard from my son from Hong-Kong.
He and his sister, after leaving Wenchow
by junk visited Fuhning to see friends of the
C.M.S. station there. From there to Foo-
chow, and caught a steamer to Hong-Kong
calling at Swatow and Amoy. They visited
a mission station at Canton, and also Macao,
and then returned to Hong-Kong, where
they embarked for Colombo. They are now
spending a month in the hills with my
youngest son. We expect them home the
end of February or early in March.
As is well known, Mr. Brown is
spending his furlough at Harrogate, or
rather in frequently visiting some of our
churches. He has many engagements
in the North for this month and March
and April. His early associations with
our Bishop Auckland Church are well
remembered. The photograph shows
the decoration conferred upon him by
the Chinese Emperor—the order of the
“ Double Dragon,” for services rendered
during the siege of Pekin. The G.O.C.
thus wrote:—
We much regret the departure of the Rev.
F. Brown on furlough. His connection with
the North China command dates from the
march to the relief of Peking in 1900, when
he was the only chaplain of any church with
the British force.
This is but one of the incidents in a
career revealing “ years of faithful toil.”
Mr. Brown occupies a worthy position
in connection with the American
Methodist Episcopal Church.
The Editor will give full price and
postage for two copies per month for
1908, especially February and April.
Friends will please send a post card
first that there may not be needless
Our friend has a few evenings to
spare for this and succeeding winter
months. He specially desires to serve
our own churches. (29 South Avenue,
Levenshulme, Manchester.)

II —
Tl>e Cl>urcl>
ip tlje
Mission Field.
By the Rev.
O’ HE primary purpose of all mission-
I ary work is evangelistic. It seeks
* to lift men out 'of hopeless gloom
into bright and enduring light, and to
make them glad with the heavenly
evangel. It deals directly with indivi-
duals, and leads them through the gates
of repentance and faith into a home of
peace and joy. And so successful has
been the work of the past hundred years
that church-membership in heathen
lands now approaches two millions of
men and women. This membership
means much more than it often signi-
fies in Christian lands. A Christian
profession maintained in a Christian
atmosphere is not always a very hardy
thing: its roots spread lightly along the
surface of the soil, and immunity from
destructive tempests encourages a soft-
ness in stem and branches. But trees
that grow on the hills where they are
tossed by every wind that blows strike
their roots deeply, and develop a
Dr. Campbell Gibson, of Swatow.
Chairman of Commission II.
[Favoured by Rev. W. Dale,
Presbyterian Foreign Missions.
strength of endurance and resistance of
which the sheltered dale knows nothing.
A Christian profession in heathen lands,
even when not exposed to open and
active persecution, has to run the gaunt-
let of a thousand minor oppositions, and
can only be sustained by a strength of
purpose not commonly found in more
favoured countries. One instance out
of many was seen ten years ago in
China. Christian men and women who
had borne the Cross daily, patiently
enduring annoyances at home and con-
tempt abroad, suddenly displayed a
heroism and a magnamity in the fierce
and terrible Boxer outbreak, which
placed them on a level with the martyrs
and confessors of the early centuries.
But in every part of the mission field
the formation of Christian Churches has
meant much more than a mere personal
or selfish salvation. The vigorous life
of these churches is expressed in a
variety of evangelistic, philanthropic,
humanitarian forms that are an astonis-
ment to the self-centred Paganism, and
must ultimately rend it with dynamic
force. In China and India, where idol-
atry is buttressed by ancient civiliza-
tior.s and philosophies, and defended by
a thousand professional, or class, inter-
ests, progress may be slow; in Korea,
in Central Africa, in the islands of the
sunny South, where life is less complex,
ignorance more profound, and idolatry
more gross, opposition has been over-
come more rapidly. But everywhere,
once the Gospel is accepted, a living
germ is planted which, as it grows, will
with irresistible power shatter all an-
cient idolatries and superstitions.
It is well, therefore, to recognize the
fact, duly emphasized at Edinburgh,
that while we seek to make the mission-
ary impulse at home more generous and
general, it is not merely by the labours
of missionary societies as such that the
world is to be converted. Through these
societies churches have been planted
which are now aggressive and self-pro-
pagating. Dr. Gibson, the chairman
of Commission TI. reports:—

“ Edinburgh, 1910 ”
The Church presents itself no longer as
an inspiring but distant ideal, nor even as
a tender plant, or a young child, appealing
to our compassion and nurturing care. We
see it now, an actual Church in being,
strongly rooted, and fruitful in many lands.
The child has in many places reached, and
in others is fast reaching, maturity, and is
now both fitted and willing, perhaps in a
few cases too eager, to take upon itself the
full burden of responsibility and service.
This is a view perhaps not so common
as its importance demands : like the man
who could not see the wood for the
trees, we have failed to comprehend the
vast significance of the native churches
because not directly knowing what to
look for. Hence the value of the sub-
jects discussed the second day of the
Conference: constitution and organiza-
tion of the Church ; conditions of mem-
bership ; Church discipline ; edification
of the Christian community; training
and employment of native workers;
character and spiritual fruitfulness of
the Christian life; Christian literature
and theology, etc.
Parents often but slowly and reluc-
tantly accept the idea that their sons
are become grown men, and must go
on their own way on their own proper
responsibility. And the question of
control is even more difficult in the
hobbledehoy period, when their sons
are too much men to be treated as boys,
and too much boys to be treated as
men. This perplexity now exists in
missionary societies in regard to the
churches they have founded and fos-
tered. In Japan, in China, in India, the
conviction is rapidly forming that the
churches must be allowed to grow from
their own roots, and take such shape
as the life within shall fashion. Mere
copies, whether from England or
America, could not be tolerated. No-
body can desire that the differences of
Established and Free churches, of Ep:s-
copalianisin, Presbyterianism, Congre-
gationalism. with their wellnigh in-
numerable varieties, should be repro-
duced among peoples who know nothing
of their origin or significance or history.
Missionary societies generally have not
been insistent on any particular church
polity. If Methodist or Congregational
forms have been adopted it has been
for temporary convenience merely, and
not by any means under the idea that
they were supported by Divine authority.
The attitude of the mission churches
was indicated by a Chinese delegate
who frankly said that the differences
existing in Christian lands had for the
Chinese no interest or significance
whatever ; and by a Japanese, who held
that neither our system nor theirs was
necessarily the final type of Christianity.
One cause, perhaps, precipitating the
desire for self-government, is a serious
failure or mistake on the part of mis-
sionaries for which allowance is to be
made on the ground of unconsciousness.
The Englishman or American assumes,
without ever thinking of it, that it is his
right to govern by reason of his superi-
ority. The people with whom he has
to do are regarded as an inferior race
who must accept his direction unques-
tioned.* This is another phase of the
colour difficulty existing in America
where the negro is regarded as in-
* Our readers may be referred on this question to Harold
Bindloss’s “The Liberationist.”—Ed.
Dr. Lambuth, M.D., F.R G.S. (Sec. of the Board of
Missions of the Methodist Episcopal Church South).
Vice-Chairman of Commission II.
[Favoured by the Editor of "Our Missions.”

11 Edinburgh, igio ”
herently belonging to a lower type of
humanity. So the white man finds a
difficulty in recognizing as his equal his
bronze brother in India, his yellow
brother in China. Hardly knowing it,
he awakens prejudice by his cool as-
sumption of a superiority that cannot
be challenged, an authority that must
not be disputed. But just as the negro
has shown that given equal advantages
he can confidently take his stand on the
level of the white man, so it has. been
abundantly proved, and the Conference
itself afforded many illustrations, that
the peoples of the East are as capable
as those of the West. The aloofness of
the white man, however unconscious or
unintentional, has been deeply injuri-
ous : instances of which were cited in
the remarkable address of the Rev.
V. S. Azariah, who ended with this
passionate plea:—
The Indian Church will rise up in all
ages to attest the heroism and self-denying
labours of the missionary body. You have
given your goods to feed.the poor. You
have given your bodies to be burned. We
also ask for love : give us friends.
Doubtless, too, both dress and food
have contributed to keep the mission-
ary separate. We can hardly expect in
either complete assimilation to Chinese
or Hindu habits. But all things go to
show that the missionary is only a
second best, and that not less on the
ground of efficiency than that of
economy, the peoples of these great
countries must be evangelized by their
own brethren who have a common race
origin, and similar, if not identical,
habits and feelings. And if the asser-
tion of independence, and the accept-
ance of self-government, will develop
the native Church, and set it with more
eagerness on aggressive evangelistic
operations, the sooner such autonomy
is granted the better. We have a right
to expect that He who guided His
Church in the early days as its emis-
saries went forth to preach and estab-
lish Churches in regions beyond will
not fail the Church in the Orient * or
the dark continent to-day.
The native churches, freed from the
separating influences of the West, will
have less difficulty in achieving the
* See Mr. Goodall’s article on p. 43 et seq.—En,
union set forth by Christ in His high-
priestly prayer which will be one of
the best means for hastening His world-
wide victory■—that they may fee one
even as We are one, that the world may
know that Thou hast sent Me.” It is,
of course, a great exaggeration to say
as was reported by one of the speakers
that Jesus Christ is hopelessly handi-
capped by His connection with the
West! But we may be sure that when
the Church becomes truly and properly
indigenous in the East, it will not fly
asunder and split into mutually repel-
ling fragments as it has done in the
West. The conservative principles
which have shaped and maintained such
colossal empires as China and India will,
when sanctified, produce a consolidation
and unity for which we sigh in vain in
the old world. The prospect should
not mean relaxation of missionary fer-
vour at home, but rather its augmenta-
tion, that we may fit the Church in the
mission field to develop in its own way
under the impulse of its own intense
spiritual life. The task of founder and
instructor, which has been put into our
hands, is not yet completed : it needs
to be done soon, to be done bettef, and
to be done on a wider scale, if we would
have Christ’s Kingdom established. To
pass on the spiritual life we have re-
ceived is ours ; freely we have received,
and as freely we must give ; and that
without masterfully presenting formal
creeds or elaborate polities for other
peoples: these will come with them, as
they came with us, with the develop-
ment of the Church’s life. The best we
can do will be to give such aids as will
enable them to understand and inter-
pret, after their own moral and intel-
lectual genius, the essentials of the
Gospel, those great affirmations of
Divine truth, the making of which, as
Dr. Gibson said, is of the very essence
of the Christian life, and of the testi-
mony of the Church of God. And we
can further agree with this distinguished
missionary, that those who have shown
themselves ready to die for the Faith,
as so many mission churches have done,
are not likely to be found lacking in
the positive affirmation of truth.
pin further study of this subject read Vol.
2 of the official report of the Conference, and
chapter 8 of "Edinburgh, 1910.”—G. P.j

to the
Scotland Street
Chapel, Sheffield.
THE young men of Allen Street
Sunday School have done them-
selves honour in the erection of•
a mural tablet to the memory of the late
Rev. John Innocent, one of our two
pioneer missionaries to China. Mr. In-
nocent went out in 1859, with the Rev.
William Nelthorpe Hall. Both were
scholars and teachers in Allen Street
School, and were sent into the ministry
b y Scotland
Street Church.
A marble tab-
let was erected
some years ago
by the young
women’s class
to the memory
of Mr. Hall,
and it was right
that the young
men should
claim the hon-
our of paying a
similar tribute
to the life and
work of Mr.
The tablet,
which is of
bronze, is a
beautiful work
of art, executed
with much skill
and precision.
On the left is
the figure of
an angel plac-
ing on the tomb
a palm branch
and laurel
Mrs. Innocent.
wreath. The figure on the right repre-
sents a “ herald of the angelic host,”
halting to mourn the loss of a faithful
ambassador. Suspended from a cord is
a medallion in alto-relief, draped in
mourning, of Rev. John Innocent. The
centre of the tablet bears the following
inscription :—
Tin memory of iRcv. 3obn Innocent,
born in Sheffield, ©ct. lotb, 1820. Was
a scholar and
teacber in 2lllen
Street School, a
member of tbis
Cburcb, a local
preacher, 211 tbe
age of 22 ^ears
was received
into the ministry
of tbe /ibetbodist
IHew Connejion.
Un 1859 be was
sent as one of our
pioneer missionÖ¾Ö¾
artes to China,
where be labourÖ¾Ö¾
ed with success
until IS97. . . .
!Elected iPresiÖ¾Ö¾
dent of our
Centenary ConÖ¾Ö¾
ference, and
subsequently a
Guardian IRepÖ¾Ö¾
/!bodes ty and
humbleness of
mind, combined
with tenacity
and earnestness
of purpose were
bis prominent

Good News from Tientsin
characteristics. 2>iet> 1140V. 2Stb, 1904,
aged 75 pears. Ibis last word was ‘ ©lorp.’
4“China for Christ;”
The unveiling ceremony took place
on November 3rd, 1910, and the graci-
ous influence of the service will not soon
be forgotten.
Mr. Joseph Ward presided, and Mrs.
Innocent performed the unveiling cere-
mony. After having displayed the
tablet, amid profound silence and in-
tense feeling, she proceeded to give an
impressive review of the work which
she had shared with her devoted hus-
band. “You have come together,” she
said, “ to show your love for your fellow
townsman, and, long ago, member of
your church.” She had often heard the
two missionaries from Scotland Street
Chapel speak with affection of the dear
people and their old class leader, Mr. J.
Gledhill. The beautiful and artistic
memorial now unveiled would be a last-
ing remembrance of her dear husband,
and also a memento of their devotion to
foreign missions. They had all read
the life of her beloved husband. She,
too, had read it, but the lines left out
came before her in the waking hours
of long nights. She would sum up his
characteristics in the words : “ Always
faithful, always ready.” No matter how
difficult or dangerous the path he went
on in the assurance “ Lo, I am with you•”
She spoke of the voyage out, on board
the “ Heroes of Alma,” and their experi-
ence on arrival at Tientsin. During
their early years in China Mr. Innocent
made long journeys distributing portions
of the Holy Scriptures and preaching
the Word. There were no Bible
Society agents in those days, nor any
postal arrangements. It was sowing the
seed broadcast to be found after many
days. They soon felt the need of lady
teachers and medical missionaries ; and
a girl’s school was established, doctors
sent and hospitals opened. Young
Chinese converts had now taken hold
of the Christian Endeavour and the
Students’ Missionary movements, and
in that way were seeking to instruct
their fellow countrymen, and help them
into the Kingdom of Jesus Christ. The
Spirit of God was breathing on those
people, and darkness fleeing before the
Sun of Righteousness. But there was
much need for labourers in that vast
field. She pleaded for bright-souled
men and women to offer themselves for
that great work. So many of their
loved missionaries had gone to their re-
ward—first, Mrs. Hall, then Mr. Hall,
William B. Hodge, Benjamin Turnock,
her own beloved son, George,* and her
dear husband, followed so soon by John
Robinson. It was fifty-one years since
Sheffield sent out her first two mission-
aries. Were no others hearing the call ?
Was there no young man present who
would give himself to that high and
holy work ? The appeal, so earnest, so
pathetic, so full of subdued passion,
touched all our hearts.
Other speakers were: the Rev. F. B.
Turner, who has been associated with
Mr. Innocent in China; the Rev.
Thomas Scowby, an old personal
friend; Mr. Bernard Firth, one of the
superintendents of the school. Then
the Rev. John Young, on behalf of the
young men, expressed appreciation of
the efficient and loving service rendered
that evening; and the helpful and im-
pressive meeting was brought to a close
by the singing of the hymn:—
“ For all the saints who from their
labours rest,”
and the Benediction. J. Y.
Good News froip Tieptsip.
CfCJt RS. INNOCENT writes: “Don’t
IVI you think this should be in the
Echo? Mrs. Hedley writes
Things are moving here apace as regards
the Chinese Christians founding a church of
their own. Some influential and reliable
Christian Chinese have taken entirely over
the work of the American Board Mission
in the city, and are intending to support it
themselves; they have already called a pas-
tor for their own church, which is to be
opened on Sunday next. The American
Board has lent their church for three years;
some of the promoters of this self-support-
ing and self-controlling church have in their
heart the desire to build a church to hold
some thousands of people. We say from our
hearts "God speed” to this new enterprize;
we feel it is a great advance in the right
direction, and we feel sure God’s blessing
will be upon the work being done by these
* Of whom we shall have a sketch next month.—Ed.

Christ and the Eastern Soul
faithful, spiritually-enlightened Chinese to
lead their own people to the Light of the
“ This is good news. Dr. Blodget
commenced the American Board Mis-
sion in Tientsin in the winter of i860,
six months before Mr. Innocent arrived
there. The little units have become
thousands since then. We pray and
expect the thousands to become mil-
lions in the near future. May leaders,
men, and women, be raised up among
the millions of China to teach the evan-
gel to their fellow countrymen.”
Christ apd the
Eastern Soul.
“East is East, and West is West,
And never the twain shall meet! ”
IS there any more completely dis-
credited fragment of popular phil-
osophy, to-day, than Kipling’s
mis-quoted jingle? All our stock
phrases concerning the Oriental world
are obsolete. The passive East is
in revolt; the unchanging East is the
scene of kaleidoscopic transformations.
“ Plastic and changing ” is Dr. J. R.
Mott’s* description of the situation with
which Christian missions have to deal
in the present decisive hour. And this
latest text-book for Mission Study
Circles opens with an impressive survey
of the unrest and travail of the non-
Christian races in the twentieth century,
a world-movement compared with which
the Renaissance of Europe, five hun-
dred years ago, is dwarfed into insig-
nificance. The main features of this
Renaissance of the East are familiar
events of our own time. In the near
East we have seen a nation born in a
day. In the strongholds of immemorial
custom, China, Japan, Korea the great
wall of division has crumbled and col-
lapsed Through the passes that guard
the most inaccessible regions of Central
Asia the caravans carry their loads of
sewing-machines, gramophones, smoke-
less rifles and motor cars. The Dark
Continent itself is pierced and inter-
sected in all directions by highways,
railroads, 7,000 miles of steamship
routes, and 5,000 miles of telegraph
wires. In the externals of civilization,
in the use of the material resources of
the modern world East and West are
rapidly becoming indistinguishable.
*“The Decisive Hour of Christian Missions.” 1910.
(Publishing House. 2s. net.)
By the Rev.
And what of the Eastern soul? Is it
there that we encounter the impassable
gulf between East and West? Is all
this eagerness to adapt Western
methods and machinery, Western in-
stitutions and laws, merely imitative
and superficial, masking a racial psycho-
logy that differs widely from the Euro-
pean ? Time alone can bring an answer
to that question, perhaps; we are all
conscious of a certain suspense of
In the Mountains, thirty miles from Ningpo.
[Photo : Rev. W. Lyttle.

Christ and the Eastern Soul
judgment concerning the Eastern peo-
pies. But, at any rate, we have out-
grown the sense of “ creepiness,” of
vague distrust which the Oriental ex-
cited in the minds of our fathers. No
enlightened Englishman could write of
the Japanese, for instance, to-day, as
Mr. Ruskin wrote in “Time and Tide”
forty years ago :—
The impression produced upon me was
that of being in the presence of human
creatures of a partially inferior race, but
not without great human gentleness, domes-
tic affection, and ingenious intellect; who
were nevertheless as a nation afflicted by an
evil spirit, and driven by it to ... a
certain correspondence with the nature of
the lower animals.
Dr. Mott’s little volume has some
valuable evidence to offer concerning
the Eastern soul. He shows the presence
of a great spiritual element in the
awakening of the East. The non-
Christian religions have become alert
and aggressive. In Japan, Burma,
Ceylon, temples and shrines are being
renovated, and the priests are mani-
testing great activity. The same is true
of Confucianism in China, and of Hin-
duism in India. While the missionary
zeal of Islam in Africa and India, and
its rapid increase—six millions in India
alone in ten years *—is one of the most
disquieting signs of the East. But the
most suggestive and interesting point in
our author’s survey is this: that the
Eastern religions, in order to hold their
own, are remodelling themselves on
Christian lines. Buddhism is learning
the value of the pulpit, the press, the
school for religious propaganda. The
initials Y.M.B.A., Y.W.B.A., stand for
flourishing institutions whose origins
will be easily guessed. Buddha is
adored as “ Our Lord and Saviour,” and
the day of his birth is observed in imi-
tation of our Christmas festival. So in
China Confucius has been raised, by a
recent edict, to the rank of deity. The
Sage of China has become a rival to our
Lord; and adoration of Confucius is
now made the test and condition of ad-
mission to Government schools and ap-
pointments to Government offices. Hin-
duism, again, shows the same revival of
activity, and the same endeavour to
* Mr. Harrison commences a short series on this subject
on page 34.—Ed.
adapt Christian institutions and expres-
sions, and even doctrines, to the needs
of the native races of India. Experts
appear to differ as to the influence of
these religious movements on Christian
missions. But do they not, at least,
suggest that the Eastern and Western
minds are less widely separated, less
irreconcilable in their attitude to reli-
gion than we have been accustomed to
believe? Here we have the Oriental
faiths making a last desperate effort to
hold the fort against Christianity, on
the one hand, and indifferentism on the
other. And how? By becoming as
Christian, in their propaganda and ap-
peal, as they dare.
Perhaps the best discussion of the
appeal of Christianity to the Eastern
mind in recent missionary literature is
to be found in Dr. C. C. Hall’s Barrows
Lectures, “ Christ and the Eastern
Soul ” (Chicago University Press,
1909"). Dr. Hall devoted his life to the
mediation of Christianity to the edu-
cated classes of the great Eastern
nations, and these lectures were de-
livered in twenty cities of India and
Ceylon in 1906-7. (A previous course
of Barrows Lectures, by Dr. Fairbairn,
remains unpublished.) Dr. Hall vehe-
mently opposed the view that the sole
opportunity of Christianity in India lies
among the poor and the pariahs, a view
that receives some support from Dr.
Mott’s sketch of the present religious
situation in the Empire. But he saw
clearly that the Oriental world would
claim the right to modify our Western
religious institutions to meet its own
needs. He sought to commend to the
Eastern mind not the external Chris-
tianity of Church and creed, but. its es-
sential revelation of God in Christ. And
be believed that the revelation of God
in Christ would not only satisfy the needs
of the Eastern soul, but would unfold
new depths of meaning in the contact.
The metaphysical and mystical spirit of
the East has affinities with many ele-
ments of the New Testament which
have awakened only a slight response
in European Christianity. Dr. Hall dis-
cusses four “ elements of sublimity in
the Oriental consciousness ” by which
the Eastern soul may be expected to lay
hold on Christ. The first is the love of
the contemplative life. The second is

Points and Parables
the vivid sense of the Unseen. The
third is the metaphysical element, the
aspiration towards Ultimate Being.
And the fourth is reverence for the
sanctions of the past. On all these
points of contact between Christ and
the Eastern soul, Dr. Hall has much
that is suggestive to say. And his
deep conviction that the East has the
key to many hidden things in the Chris-
tian faith has, at any rate, the support
of history. For have we not already a
Greek Christianity, and a Latin, and a
Teutonic? And why not then a Hindu,
a Chinese, or an African ? As a river
changes its colour with the changes in
the soil of its basin, nut-brown in the
moorland valleys, and milky-white
among the limestone crags, so Chris-
tianity has been stained throughout its
course by racial characteristics of mind
and soul.
But it is possible to make too much
of these specific contributions to what
we call, broadly, Christianity. We have
learnt, in these days, to question the
purity of much of this alluvial deposit.
And perhaps the weakness of such mis-
sionary apologetic as Dr. Hall’s interest-
ing volume is an over-eagerness to
mediate between Christ and men’s intel-
lectual prepossessions. Is it not
enough, after all, to lead men of all
races to “ see Jesus ” ? Confronted with
Him the soul is neither Eastern nor
Western, but just human.
Professor Max Muller tells an interest-
ing story of the conversion of one of his
Hindu friends to Christianity. This
young man, a Brahman of high family,
and a scholar deeply versed in Hindu
philosophy, began to study the Old and
New Testaments, but, saturated as he
was with philosophical ideas, he turned
from them in some contempt. Two
pamphlets, which he published, one
against the Old and the other against
the New Testament were supposed at
the time to have given Christianity in
India its death-blow. But the fact was
that in studying the New Testament he
had received into his spirit the seeds of
conversion, and shortly after he became
a Christia.n. At the time Max Muller
made his acquaintance he had paid a
terrible price for his new faith, having
lost father, wife and son. When the
professor pressed him to explain how
in the end he succumbed to Christianity
this was his answer: “ I can explain
everything, I can explain why I rejected
Siva and Krishna and Allah ” (for he had
sought light in the faith of Islam, also),
“ and tell you everything that kept me
back so long from Christianity, as
preached to us in India, and made me
reject the new as well as the Old Testa-
ment as unsatisfactory to a Christian
man. But why and how I became a
Christian I cannot explain. I was
caught in a net, and I could not get
mvay from Christ?

Poipts apd
Short Talfys
Youpg 11$©ץ.
By tl?e Rev.
W. H.
I.—Op Circles of Interest and of Life.
׳UM had just come home from
school, and was entertaining his
uncle with his boyish talk until
mother returned to get tea ready. He
had many tales to tell, and the minutes
were passing merrily by when a knock
at the door interrupted their gaiety.
Tom answered it. A young lady,
whom he did not know, greeted him
with a smile, and proffered the request,
“ Can you give me something to help
our missionary work, please ? ”
“Mother’s out,” said Tom. “Well,”
was the unexpected answer, “perhaps
you will give me something yourself?
If it is only a penny, I shall be so
pleased, and you cannot give to a better
cause.” But Tom was in no generous
mood. “ No,” he said, “ I want my
money for myself.” The collector made
one more effort. “Why,” she pleaded,
“ if we all keep what we have for our-
selves, what will the poor people across
the seas do ? ” “ Well, they must look
after themselves,” said Tom. His
uncle was very sorry to hear him speak

Points and Parables
like this, though he made no remark
as the young lady turned away, but he
resolved to give him a word of counsel
when a suitable opportunity presented
itself. * * * *
The chance came that very evening,
after tea, when Tom sat down to his
homework. He was very busy with
his pens, pencils and drawing instru-
ments, and his uncle watched him for
some time with interest, and at last he
walked over to the table and stood by
him. He picked up his compasses, and
looked at them carefully, and then, as
he placed them again upon the table,
he asked, “ Well, what do you use these
for, my boy?”
Tom looked up: “ Oh, for geometry.”
“ Oh! ” said his uncle. “ Geometry!
I don’t know anything about that. I
had but little schooling in my day. I
never learned geometry.”
The World 1.900 years ago. The World To-day.
Facts worth recollecting and acting upon.
[Favoured by C.M.S.
Tom began to explain. “ These are
compasses, uncle, and we use them for
drawing circles. You see this sharp
point, that is for the centre of the circle,
it presses into the paper and holds
firmly. You must have a steady centre
or you cannot draw a circle. And this
other point is lead to mark the line of
the circumference, the line which
bounds the circle, and encloses its
area. See,” he went on, “this is the
way we use them,” and he drew the
lead-point wide from the sharp centre,
and described a large circle.
“ Then you don’t keep the lead-point
pressed close to the centre-point ? ” said
his uncle.
“ Why, no,” cried Tom, “ you couldn’t
draw anything of a circle like that.
You would have no radius, there would
be no area, there would be nothing in
your circle—you must stretch out from
your centre if you would draw a circle,
and the farther you stretch out the
wider your circle is.”
“And the more there is in it,” said
his uncle.
Tom assented.
“ And if the circle were drawn upon the
surface of the earth, the farther you
stretch out the larger, the more inter-
esting, the richer would the circle be ? ”
Tom nodded.
“ So, then, if you made your centre
in London, and stretched your radius
to Wenchow in China or Meru in
Africa, you would have a larger, better
circle than if you limited it to Hull or
Plymouth ? ”
Tom assented, but not quite so
readily this time.
“ Ah,” said his uncle, “ I see, a circle’s
stability depends upon the steadiness
of its centre, and the richness of its
interest upon the width of its radius.
Well, I know nothing of geometry, but
I know something of life, and this that
you tell me of circles is all true of life’s
interests and its joys. Many people
miss much because they fix upon mis-
taken centres, and limit themselves by
too narrow an outlook. If you make
your centre in yourself, if you don’t
draw out your interest beyond what
you can get for yourself, you will have
a small, narrow circle, and most of life’s
sweetest, richest joys will be outside of
it. Tom, my boy,” and he put his
hand on the lad’s shoulder, “life’s right
centre is in God’s grace, that will keep
life steady and sure; and its true radius
is as wide as the world. Then your
circle will include everybody that lives,
and every joy that full-orbed life can
know, and you will go from interest to
interest until you have measured God
and fathomed man.”
He did not say any more, for he had
said enough to make Tom think.
Although his uncle did not mention it,
he knew that he heard what he said to
the missionary collector, and as he pon-
dered the implied rebuke, it did him
good, for he resolved to widen his in-
terests, and take the whole world into
his circle. And that is true wisdom,
to make life’s circles as sure as God
and as wide as the world.

Our Woipcp’s Auxiliary. «y Mrs. balk will.
are very glad to hear, through
the latest news from Tong
Ch’uan, that Mrs. Evans is
much better in health, and able to take
up her work again. She is most un-
willing to leave Mr. Evans and all her
work, unless it is absolutely necessary,
so, although this is her ninth year in
China, her home-coming is still de-
Mrs. Evans writes the following ac-
count of their harvest festival (received
December 4th):—
Last Sunday was our harvest festival, and
services have been continued all the week.
One afternoon the chapel was occupied
chiefly by T’ai-tais (ladies) who came in
chairs, first sending their cards, and asking
whether they might come. You would have
been amused to see me go out and bow them
in ; we both put our hands to our sides, as
though we were in pain, and looked on the
The first few nights the crowds were
almost unmanageable. Large numbers had
to be turned away. The harvest festival is
a very great attraction to all; in fact, I think
it is taking its place with all the other
Chinese festivals.
Many outsiders sent contributions, and
better attention was paid to the speakers
than on former occasions. It is a grand
opportunity to give the “old, old story.”
Mr. T’ang (one of Mr. Evans’s English scho-
lars and Mr. Hudspeth’s Chinese teacher), a
young fellow who is probably considered one
of the cleverest in the city, spoke on two
occasions. He told the audience plainly
that he believed in Jesus, and that the doc-
trine we preach is true, and all others false.
Very many are praying for this man’s con-
version. Another, who spoke and rendered
much assistance, was a Mr. Wang (Mr.
Evans’s Chinese teacher). He remarked that
formerly he had been the same as they were,
and disbelieved the Jesus religion, but now
he was determined to follow Him, and to
discontinue all that was false (i.e., idol-wor-
ship, etc.). We were agreeably surprised
to hear him speak like this. His sister is
supposed to be second amongst the devout
women of Tong Ch’uan, a very strict vege-
tarian, and a Pharisee of the Pharisees. We
were at their house for a feast the other day,
and it was quite amusing to see the attitudes
she put herself in. She cooked her own
food, and every time she passed our table
and anyone invited her to eat, she proclaimed
again and again, “I’m fasting,” Poor
Mr. Wang had a good talking-to this morn-
ing from his lady wife because of his havingÖ¾
publicly proclaimed his faith. As a final
argument she said : “ I suppose you will
scon be like that Mr. Fu, and want me to
unbind my feet! ” She was very angry.
By several things we have heard I am
persuaded that the Spirit of God is at work
among many, and they are beginning to
count the cost. God grant that they may
be willing to count all as lost for His sake.
One young man told his mother of his in-
tention to join us, and said: “Look here!
that ancestral tablet and other things are
no good. It is as well to sell them.” Then
followed a scene, and the irate lady asked
what was the use of having a son if he be-
came a Christian ! She dared him to join
us. Pray for the women, their all is in
their idol-worship, and they can and will
prevent their sons from joining the church.
Miss Holt’s farewell meeting at
Castlemere, Rochdale, was a most sue-
cessful one. At the close a Mizpah ring
was presented to her by W.M.A. mem-
bers. The collection was afterwards
made up to Z30, and handed over to
the Treasurer towards Miss Holt’s
travelling expenses.
Mia© Hytpp.*
Translation by Rev. S. Pollard.
Time—“Jesus mints me for a Sunbeam.”
YEA-SOO yah koo ah nee too-njo
Tsah noo ah nee zow noo.
Jea tee kow chang koo jah Yea-soo
Heli yah koo you jah you.
Ah too-njo, ah too-njo
Yea-soo yah koo ah nee too-njo
Ah too-njo, ah too-njo
Koo yah ah Yea-soo too-njo.
Yea-soo yah koo cha loo teh-neh
Yah koo-ncheh tsow tsah leh
Heh yah koo ah say shoo gah dee
Yah-ncheh tsah leh koo day.
Koo yah choo Yea-soo ah vah too
Yah ntsah koo say koo loo
Neo nee koo tsah noo ah too-njo
Choo keh lee ntee choh neo.
Too-njo—disciple. The “n ”-sound before
the “jo” runs on to the “too,” as if it were
in the sentence, “sing in tune-joe!”
In other places where the “n” begins a
word drop it, if you like.
* As promised on p. 24.—Ed.

Prize Competition
Prize Conjpetitiop.—
No. 14.
cA Reign ” (6s.), by the Rev.
Ö¾*J. I. Macdonald, will be given
for the most complete list of the Mis-
sionary Secretaries, and years of service,
in the three sections of the U.M.C.
from the formation of each missionary
society to the days of Messrs. Chap-
man, Packer, and Stedeford.
Competitors must have been sub-
scribers to the MISSIONARY ECHO for
twelve months. Initials or nom de
plume may be used, but name and ad-
dress must also be given. Papers
(written on one side only) to be re-
ceived at 61 Park Road, Newcastle-on-
Tyne, by the 25th inst. Award in
The prize is gained by Miss Banbury,
of Nottingham, for the paper printed
at foot, who it may be remembered won
in the August competition. (See page
252, 1910.)
Miss Banbury asks for “ The Life of
John Innocent,” instead of the book
offered, with which request we have
willingly complied.
The other papers are placed in the
following order: C. D. A., “Truth,”
W. F. F. A., A. C.
If we are to see our missionaries at
work we need to take a voyage, either
in fact or in imagination, around the
Arriving first at Sierra Leone, on the
West African coast, we find flourishing
churches with 2,505 members, twenty
chapels and eighteen other preaching-
places, maintained by native ministers
and agencies, under the general super-
vision of the Rev. A. Green smith. The
work in Mendiland, begun so dramati-
cally, has many features of encourage-
ment, but a second missionary is greatly
Our next point of interest in our mis-
sion tour is Ribe, a few miles from
Mombasa on the East African coast.
Here the work begun with, such bright
hopes in 1861 has been carried on under
great difficulties. Time after time
malaria and tribal war have levied a
heavy toll, bright hopes have arisen to
be shattered by death and rebuff. Still
much good has been done, some noble
native ministers trained and industrial
work developed. Now the time has
come for a long-looked-for extension of
sphere, and volunteers are needed for
pioneer work in healthy, attractive
Now we sail for China. Here we find
strong and flourishing stations in the
Districts of Ningpo, Wenchow, Tient-
sin and Yunnan. Here schools, training
colleges, hospitals, dispensaries and
evangelistic work are actively in opera-
tion under the direction of thirty-two
missionaries. The Work in South-East
China presents many features of inter-
est; the College and Hospitals being
especially efficient. In the South-West
plodding work for many years met with
no special success. Then a wonderful
movement began amongst the aborigi-
nals. Thousands of Miao and Nosu
are now under instruction in churches
of their own construction.
As we voyage homeward we should
take a glimpse at our thirty-seven
churches in Jamaica with 4,261 mem-
bers and eight itinerant ministers, and
then pray for all. E. B.
A TELEGRAM from Peking to the
"New York Herald” says that the
Throne of China, approving a recom-
mendation of the Board of Education,
decrees that English shall be the official
language through the Empire for scien-
tific and technical education. The
study of English is made compulsory
in all provincial, scientific, and technical
schools.—“ Missionary Review of the
“We have received a cheque for
£6 6s. 6d. from a friend who desires to
be anonymous, but who explains the
contribution thus: Saved: By not smok-
ing, 3s. ; by travelling second instead
of first, 7s. ; a missed cup of tea, 6d.;
an unbought suit, £4 15s. ; a regular
subscription to the society, £1 is.;
total, £6 6s. 6d. We commend the
contents of this letter to the prayerful
attention of our readers.”—“C.M.S.

Missionary Echo
ftbe *Ututeb finetbobiet Cbuvcb.
“ Edipburgl?,
Ill —
Education in
Relation to Chris-
tianization of
National Life.
By tbe Rev.
WHEN the first stage of mission-
ary activity is passed, and the
appeal to individuals has been
so successful that they have surrendered
to the Cross in sufficient numbers to be
formed into Churches, there at once
arises the problem of education and de-
velopment of spiritual character, and
the training of preachers to carry the
Gospel further afield. The importance
of competent and continuous instruction
will be appreciated when it is remem-
bered that the new Church has to
breathe an impure atmosphere, and the
converts will have to struggle with all-
powerful hereditary influences within
and without in favour of idolatry and
superstition. For their own edification,
therefore, careful culture is necessary;
and for their children, whom they would
have grow up in Christian truth, educa-
tion is all-essential. Hence in every
mission, schools, both primary and
secondary, shoot up as naturally as
flowers and fruit respond to the quicken-
ing influence of the spring sun;
humble, indeed, and miserably inade-
quate at first, and yet productive of re-
suits, often tested by cruel opposition
and persecution, which are not to be
lightly regarded.
But a larger idea than that of self-
edification and progress soon arises:
every true Church is a living testimony
of the Gospel, and seeks to witness
faithfully in its own neighbourhood, and
to use all means possible for the spread
of saving truth. Hence mission schools
soon open to non-Christian children,
and the truth begins to touch the fringe
March, 1911.
of heathen people. In fields like India
the leavening influence of education has
accomplished great things, and even in
China, notwithstanding all hostile in-
fluences, it has so far developed as to
inspire great ambitions reaching even
to the dignity of well-staffed universi-
ties. “ If God has no need of human
learning,” Dr. South said when narrow
bigotry belittled scholarship, “ He has
Professor Edward C. Moore
(Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.),
Vice-Chairman of Commission III.
[Favoured by “ Our Missions,” F.F.M.S.

“ Edinburgh, igio ”
still less need of human ignorance.” It
is not likely that learning will be under-
rated by missionaries or mission
churches since it is accepted that
ignorance is perilous to their most pre-
cious interests, and freedom and safety
can only be found in growing know-
The report of Commission III. shows
what has been aimed at, and what ac-
complished, in educational work in
India, China, Japan, Africa and Mo-
hammedan lands in the near East; also
what has been done in Industrial Train-
ing, in the training of teachers, and in
the diffusion of Christian literature. It
contains also a masterly chapter (7) on
the relation of Christian truth to in-
digenous thought and feeling.
The very idea of a catholic or univer-
sal religion was at the beginning a diffi-
culty even with the apostles themselves,
whose utmost vision was bounded by
their Jewish horizon. To the Romans,
throughout the early centuries, it was
a thing to laugh at that the same reli-
gion would do for black and white,
bond and free, civilized and uncivilized.
Had they not their Pantheon where
gods of hill and valley, of land and sea,
of war and peace, of Britain and Gaul
and Rome, dwelt together in mutual
tolerance, a happy family ? But the idea
became rooted in men’s minds and grew
notwithstanding all distinctions of race
and clime and culture, and the first
conquest, that of Europe, is only pro-
phetic of the wider conquest which
will include the whole world.
Of this, the Report gives the follow-
ing brief review :—
(1) A special inspiration of the Divine
Spirit is recognized, guiding the minds
of the great apostolic teachers to pre-
sent the original message in the form
best suited for catholic acceptance.
(2) After this there was very little
conscious accommodation of the origi-
nal doctrine on the part of the evangel-
ists of Europe. The message was de-
livered to all, and accepted by all, as
the same message from God.
(3) Christianity became indigenous in
each race and place from the first be-
cause it was entrusted to native teachers
and rulers almost at once.
(4) There was, somewhat later, a con-
scious accommodation to such national
religious customs as were thought to
admit of a Christian interpretation and
The result was the diffusion of a
catholic religion exhibiting local varia-
tions of custom and presentation such
as are associated with Alexandrian,
African, Roman Christianity, and later
Byzantine, Celtic, English and Ger-
man; while all the time the funda-
mental ideas and practices were identi-
cal and all alike acknowledged that as
the . Scriptures which they used were
Jewish, so the salvation, for which they
gave thanks, was of the Jews. The
success of the Gospel was largely due
to the fact that it did not become
exotic or represent a foreign influence.
Drawing again from the illuminating
Report, the functions which education
is expected to fill in the missionary
activities of to-day are thus described:
(1) It may be conducted primarily
with an evangelistic purpose as an
evangelizing agency direct, or as an
attractive force to bring the youth under
the influence of Christianity.
(2) It may be primarily edificatory,
having for its object the development
of the Christian community through the
enlightenment and training of its mem-
(3) It may be leavening, gradually
permeating the life of the nation with
the principles of truth, creating an
atmosphere in which the Church may
live and grow.
(4) It may be philanthropic, extend-
ing the hand of help to a heathen peo-
pie with a view to promote their general
As regards the last, a minority of the
Commission were unwilling to include
among the proper objects of missionary
education the general philanthropic aim.
They held that Christian education
could best contribute to the general
wellbeing of a country by ministering
exclusively to the first three objects as
stated above, and that any vague phil-
anthropic aim would be likely to
weaken the definite Christian motive,
and to fail of positive Christian fruit.
This view was largely supported in the
discussion, for missionary after mission-
ary asserted and reasserted that the

“ Edinburgh, 1910 ”
direct purpose of all mission schools
must be to win men for Christ, and to
train them in the Christian life.
It will be seen how true is the asser-
tion of the Bishop of Birmingham, the
chairman of the Commission, that the
Christianizing of any country “will be
the work of the Spirit of God through
teachers belonging to the country ”—;
the schoolmaster as well as the evangel-
ist and the pastor must help forward the
grand consummation.
Of the leavening influence exerted by
Christian schools there is perhaps no
more striking instance at the present
moment than is found in Turkey, the
recent reforms and fresh hopefulness of
that hitherto decadent empire being in
considerable measure due to well-
managed American educational institu-
tions at work there for many years.*
Japan, too, affords a significant object-
lesson: four Japanese delegates present
were all connected with important edu-
cational institutions, and one of them
read a letter from the Marquis Kat-
suma, Prime. Minister of the “ sunrise ”
empire, who, while recognizing the
great services rendered in political,
literary and business, as well as religi-
ous circles, adds : “ I am of opinion that
your school has been specially instru-
mental in emphasizing character and
manhood in the young men of Japan.”
China has renounced its time-hon-
oured system of examinations and is
seeking to learn the secret of the ob-
viously greater power of Western
nations. Only a few years ago a million
of the literati crowded the old examina-
tion halls. To-day they are succeeded
by larger numbers eager for the new
ideas of the Western civilization pre-
viously regarded with supreme con-
tempt, and these are the men who a
few years hence will be installed in the
principal seats of authority and influ-
ence throughout the whole empire. So
imperative is the need, that Chinese
students are being sent abroad for
foreign education, and are to be found
in many universities in Europe and
America, and there are not less than
4,000 studying in Japan. In the new
universities, colleges and schools, now
being founded in China, there is a
* See Mr. Harrison's Article, pp. 60-63.—Ed.
lamentable dearth of competent pro-
fessors and teachers, and a large pro-
portion of the men now available for
the new education are found in mission-
aries, or in native graduates of Christian
schools. One of our own esteemed mis-
sionaries, Rev. W. E. Soothill, has been
temporarily borrowed from the station
where he is so much needed for service
in the Imperial University, Tai Yuan
Fu, Shansi. Similarly in West Africa,
Rev. J. Proudfoot has been detached
from our mission work that he may
superintend as Principal a school for the
education of the sons of native chiefs.
In China and India and Africa and else-
where the demand has suddenly become
acute and intense, and if at the present
Dr. K. C. Chatterji, Punjab, India.
(A native Indian,—
Presbyterian Church of U.S.A.)
[Favoured by “ The Missionary Recot d."
critical juncture the Church could
supply an abundance of devoted and
qualified instructors a forward stride
would be taken greater than any the
world has yet seen.
That mistakes with the best inten-
tions will be made by good men in too
much of a hurry is likely enough. Mr.
Chang Yun Chi, president of the
Commercial Press of Shanghai, and
a former Commissioner of Education
for Peking, recently addressing the
New York Chinese Students’ Club, ad-
vocated the immediate adoption of
Christianity as the national or State re-
ligion of China. This gentleman has
yet to learn the wisdom of preserving

A Returning Missionary
religion altogether apart from any poli-
tical programme or propaganda. His
further advice is less questionable, that
the Chinese educated in America should
promptly go back to evangelize their
own people rather than leave it to the
foreign missionaries.
Especially is there need in China for
new and greater exertions for the in-
struction of women and girls, two hun-
•dred millions in number, and the vaster
proportion with little or no education
at all. The common attitude which has
not yet been greatly disturbed is ex-
hibited in the proverbs :—
“For a woman to be without ability is her
“A learned man builds up the wall of a
city, but a learned woman overthrows it.”
To spend money on a girl who soon
leaves the parental roof for a place in
her husband’s family is regarded as un-
utterably foolish ; it is expressly likened
to “ weeding another man’s field.” The
bound and crippled feet, preventing
free and graceful movement, but sym-
bolizes the fettered mind imprisoned in
darkness for generations. The schools
for girls now existing are inadequate in
number, and are mostly elementary, and
have not yet generally passed the stage
of making provision for the missionary
community alone. Much larger effort is
demanded, and with it will come larger
success, for the Chinese girl is found
to be as capable as the American or
European, and as eager for knowledge.
Nearly one-half of all China now
perishing of thirst cries out for the
water which we possess in abundance,
the bestowal of which would increase
rather than diminish our own supply.
Every day of the Conference em-
phasis was given to the fact that it is
no part of the missionary purpose to
denationalize, to tilt against any foreign
custom or peculiarity that is not ex-
presslv anti-Christian ; that our agents
go forth not on a crusade in behalf of
English customs, but to enable every
nation to exhibit and develop its own
genius and make the best of its own
special aptitudes and opportunities. To
quote Dr. Gore, the common message
is to be :•—
comprehended by very different and vari-
ous peoples and individuals, each with very
different gifts, so that each in receiving the
one message brings out some different or
special aspect of the universal truth or cha-
racter which lies in the common religion.
So it is, and so only, that the glory and
honour of all nations are brought within the
light and circle of the Holy City ; so it is
alone that the real breadth and catholicity of
the light are brought out. We look around,
we see the profound and wonderful qualities
of the Indian, the Chinese, the Japanese, the
African, and we are sure when the whole
witness of Christianity is borne, when Christ
is fulfilled in all men, each of these races
and nations must have brought out into the
world a Christianity with its own indigenous
colour and character, and that the rising up
of any really national Church will be to us
who remain, who were there before, life
from the dead.
[Commission IV., “The Missionary Mes-
sage,” will be dealt with in April or May by
the President. Mr. Chapman was a member
of that Commission.—Ed.]
A Returpipg Missionary.
(See next page.)
, N Thursday, November ioth,
Dr. L. Savin, with his wife and
three children, left Chaotong
for England. A large number of peo-
pie gathered at the Hospital to bid the
• party farewell, and many of the church-
members escorted them a long distance
from the city.
The Commander-in-Chief of the
troops stationed in Chaotong and Tong
Chuan Districts was waiting at the spot
where farewell is generally said to out-
going mandarins. This act of courtesy
has seldom, if ever, been shown before
to any member of our mission, and may
be taken as evidence of the esteem in
which Doctor Savin is held in this dis-
trict where he has worked unostenta-
tiously, but with great patience and per-
severance during nearly eight years.
His departure leaves a gap which no-
body on the field is capable of filling,
for besides his skilful work in the Hospi-
tai, which he also built, he has had
charge of the important Chaotong
Church, and his lucid expositions of
Scripture, with their apt application
to Chinese life, have done much to
edify and establish the moral character
of the members.
Charles E. Hicks.

Foreigp Secretary’s
Notes for tl?c Moptl?
England I am sure our readers
Once More. will join in offering the
warmest welcome to our
brethren and sisters who have recently
arrived from China, Dr. and Mrs.
Savin with their three . children, Mr.
and Mrs. Parsons with their babe, and
Miss E. Squire from Yunnan, and Mrs.
Eddon with her little girl from Shan-
tung. They have all spent a full term
in China during which each has been
called to experience much toil and hard-
ship. We thank God that their lives
have been preserved, and that they
have arrived in fairly good health. Mrs.
Eddon made the journey from Tientsin
across Siberia in thirteen days. Mr.
Eddon expects to start for home
some time this month. The others
came by steamer, and altogether
were travelling two months. Dr. Savin
says: “ I am feeling somewhat be-
wildered on getting to England this
second time.” The others are tasting
the joys of their first furlough. May
those joys be multiplied abundantly.*
China The Chinese can welcome
Once More. missionaries as well as we
can. They gave Mr. and
Mrs. Hey wood a reception at Ningpo
which .must have done much to heal
the pain of parting from loved ones left
in the homeland. On Sunday, Novem-
ber 27th, reception services were held
in the city churches, and attended by
large congregations. On the following
Wednesday the students gave a recep-
tion in the form of a social evening
which was greatly enjoyed by all. On
succeeding Sundays similar welcome
services greeted our friends in visiting
the more remote stations.
Mr. Heywood also speaks of long
conferences with his colleagues on the
problems and policy of the mission, and
the mapping out of the winter’s work.
Missionaries have to be both architects
and builders. They prepare their plans
and carry out the work. We may well
pray that they be inspired with sublime
visions of the glorious temple of
* We shall show photographs of the friends who have thus
arrived, next month, in anticipation of the London meetings,
April 23rd and 24th.—Ed.
By tbc
humanity they are called to build, and
that they may make all things accord-
mg to the pattern shown to them in the
Chinese According to the request
Pastors of the North China Dis-
Ordained. trict Meeting, and the
sanction of Conference,
five Chinese preachers have been or-
dained as pastors. Three, Li Ching
San, Cheng Yuan Hsiang, and Li Fu
Chen, who are labouring in Chihli pro-
vince, were ordained at Tong Shan on
November 16th. The Revs. J. Hinds,
J. Hedley, and G. P. Littlewood con-
ducted the preliminary devotions and
examination, and Pastor Li Ngan Su
offered the ordination prayer, and the
Rev. G. T. Candlin gave the charge.
The other two who are labouring in
Shantung, Chou Shang Chen and Li
Hsi Sheng, were ordained at Wu Ting
Fu on December 7th, when the Rev. J.
Hinds delivered the ordination charge,
and the other parts of the service were
taken by the Rev. W. Eddon, Dr. Rob-
son, and Pastors Li Ngan Su and Li
Lien Chen.
We now have in North China seven
ordained pastors. I met these men
when I was in China, and they appeared
to be well qualified, both by grace and
training, for theÖ¾ responsible positions
they are called to fill. These men are
practically supported by the contribu-
tions of the Chinese Church. Self-
support carries with it self-government,
and upon these men will devolve,
as they are able to bear it, the duty of
administering the affairs of the Chinese
Christian Church. Let us pray that
Christ will pour upon these men the
rich and enriching gift's of the Spirit.
The Coining Pastor Li Ngan Su, who
Rain. went from Tientsin to Wu
Ting Fu to take part in
the ordination service, remained a few
days to hold special services for the
deepening of spiritual life. These ser-
vices were characterized by great power
and blessing. They were attended by
all the preachers of the circuit and

Foreign Secretary’s Notes for the Month
many stewards and members, also a
few preachers from the Laoling Cir-
cuit. Daily the school was full four
times a day, and on the last day prac-
tically all who attended testified to the
good they had received. The Rev. W.
Eddon, pastor of the Wu Ting Fu Cir-
cuit, speaks with great joy of these
signs of revival. He says they sent ten
of their preachers and members to at-
tend some revival services in connection
with the Baptist Mission at Pei Chau.
They brought back such wonderful ac-
counts of what they had seen and heard
that the whole quarterly meeting was
roused by them. As a result some re-
vival meetings were held for five days at
one of our country centres, Feng Chia
T7ien, and did much good in stimulating
and quickening the souls of all who at-
Mr. Eddon is able to testify that in
going round the circuit he has noticed
a new tone in the life of each little
church, and he is hoping there will be
a general revival throughout the Dis-
Baptisms at The spirit of revival is
Chu Chia. spreading to Chu Chia.
Pastor Li Ngan Su con-
ducted special services there on his way
back from Wu Ting Fu to Tientsin,
with the most gracious results. Mr.
Hinds has been cheered by witnessing
a spiritual quickening of the church at
Chu Chia. He says that in connection
with their winter classes they have a
Bible reading every evening and the
average attendance is ioo. On Christ-
mas Day the chapel was crowded with
members and inquirers who had come
for the Christmas festival. At the close
thirty-five persons were baptized. One
of the men baptized is the great-grand-
son of the old dreamer who first led the
missionaries to Chu Chia. Another was
in the Hospital three years ago, and
then connmenced the change which re-
suited in his baptism. Mr. Hinds bap-
tized two men at Lien Chen, a station
situated on the Grand Canal, and likely
to become an important centre on ac-
count of the new railway line.
New Chapel The Rev. A. E. Green-
at Bo. smith reports good pro-
gress with the new chapel
at Bo. During the past four years he
and his wife have raised A400 for this
special object, and they were hoping to
open the chapel on February 28th free
of debt. He says : “ Just fancy, we have
raised £400, and have not had a bazaar,
a coffee supper, a social nor a tea
party.” He had recently gathered £34
The Treasurer in the Wenchow City Church. [Phoio : Mr. T. W. Chapman, M.Sc.
On his left, Mr. Soothill ; on his right, Mr. Stobie.

A Letter from Mrs. Frank Dymond
in Sherbroland. One Sierra Leone
United Methodist felt so honoured by
his visit that he promptly gave Mr.
Greensmith four guineas for his fund.
We heartily congratulate our friends
upon their success.
What Will We are coming within
the sight of the close of our
Balance be 1 financial year when we
shall have to balance our
income and expenditure. What will
the balance be? That will be deter-
mined by the diligence and liberality of
our friends during the next few weeks.
Please pay your subscription promptly
and double it if possible. We need a
much larger subscription list. Will all
our church missionary secretaries give
all the members of his church an oppor-
tunity of giving a donation toward our
mission funds? There are some of our
churches without any missionary sub-
scription list. No church should be
content to send less than 5 s. per mem-
ber to the mission funds, and some can
do much more than that average. To
balance our accounts we shall need a
general increase of 10 per cent, and we
urge all our friends to help in securing it.

A Letter fren? Mrs. prapfi
Dyipopd to her Six
Clpltlrep 117 Euglapd.
Y©utj£ People’s
Nearing Singapore,
November 25th, 1910.
y Dear John, Frank, George,
Elmslie, Cathie, and
A month ago to-day we sailed from
England, and a month hence will be
Christmas Day. A Merry Christmas and
a Happy New Year to you all. It will
not be a very merry one for me away
from you all. How much my thoughts
are with you ; the farther I go the more
I feel that the separation must not be
very long. We are nearing Singapore,
we will anchor just outside the harbour
to-night, entering first thing in the
morning. We hope to spend the
greater part of the day ashore. Yester-
day we were at Penang, arriving about
ten, and leaving again at eight. We
paid a visit to a famed Chinese Temple.
A party of eight of us took an electric
car, a most interesting ride afford-
ing us quite a good view of the many
sides of life in a place like this where
Chinese, Malays, Tamils, Indians and
many other peoples live. The first
place we noticed was the Post Office,
where we got stamps and sent post
cards; then the railway station for the
Federated Malay States, and a lot of huts
where the Malays live, or rather human
pigsties, built near the shore where
the tide leaves a residue of slime and
filth. The houses are built on poles
raised above this, so that sometimes
the water flows underneath the houses ;
boats and houses are mixed up in a
strange sort of medley. The Malays
are not an attractive-looking people, I
suppose you might describe them as
children of nature; they live in a wild
state, wear very little clothing; the
little children most of them wearing
nothing but a bracelet and a necklace.
I should think they have an aversion
to‘water and soap. You can smell some
of the streets before you see them. We
were quite glad to get to the Chinese
part. The Chinaman is industrious,
though, according to our ideas regard-
ing sanitation, cleanliness, etc., there is
room for improvement. However, we
soon passed through the town into the
country. How beautiful it was, through
coco-nut palm groves, and many kinds
of tropical foliage!
A few minutes from the terminus is
a fine Chinese Temple, one of the sights
of Penang. The Chinese always
choose the most enchanting spots on
which to build their temples. This is
built on the brow of a hill, the temple
winding through courtyards and gar-

At Work Again
dens right up the hill, so that from the
top you get a magnificent view. There
are quite a number of fine guest-halls,
and many idols: a great image of
Buddha, with the light on his brow to
indicate the state of perfect tranquillity
he has reached ; the god of pestilence
and his son god of war, and many other
deities whom the Chinese worship. In
the Temple of Hell, there were paint-
ings of the dreadful torments which are
in store in the future for the wicked,
instead of images, such as we are used
to seeing in China. There was a large
pond with numbers of sacred tortoises.
Some of the guest-halls were very
elaborately furnished in black ebony.
A Buddhist priest showed us around.
He could speak Mandarin which we
could understand ; he provided tea, nuts
and biscuits. We noticed the signa-
tures of the Duke and Duchess of Con-
naught, and the Princess Patricia hang-
ing on the wall, also a photo of them in
a group with some Buddhist priests.
Later. We are now nearing Hong-
Kong. This is Monday evening, and
we expect to be in Hong-Kong early
on Thursday morning. It was predicted
that we should have a very stormy run
from Singapore to Hong-Kong. A
strong monsoon was blowing, and a
vessel that arrived the night before we
did had a very rough passage. We
At W01T5
I KEPT a sort of diary of my voyage
more for personal and domestic
use, but I must not inflict it on
you. Suffice it to say that as to climatic
conditions the journey on the whole was
very nearly ideal—but a bit tropical in
the Red Sea—though the many familiar
stopping-places, dear by association
with wife and child on former occasions,
now being rapidly left farther and
farther behind, tended in a retrospec-
tive or introspective mind to diminish
the exuberance with which one visited
them before. Still there were some very
real compensations, one of the greatest
evidently got into the calm after the
storm, for the sea was smooth, and to-
night it is cooler. The day we spent
at Singapore was very hot. We went
round the town in the morning, on the
tram and in rickshaws, and also went out
into the country. In the afternoon we
visited the Botanical Gardens. They
are immense, and it would have taken
hours to see all; lovely palms, ponds
covered with the sacred lotus, rare and
wonderful plants of all kinds ; the sensi-
tive plant grows in abundance. Singa-
pore is almost on' the Equator, and
the heat is very great all the year
Europeans find it hard to live there
for any length of time. The wonderful
colourings of the plants and flowers one
can never forget, they are never seen
out of the Tropics. This is the rainy
season and heavy showers are falling
every day. Last evening, indeed all
yesterday, was far from smooth. We
were very tired, the continuous vibra-
tion and the heat makes one very
weary. I am hoping we may have a
day or two at Hong-Kong before going
on the next steamer, it would be restful.
How glad we shall be to reach Haifeng.
No more long sea voyages for me, the
Siberian route is far and away better.
With much love to your all.—Your
loving Mother.
By tbc Rev.
being that at very many of these stop-
ping-places, indeed, right through to
Shanghai, long letters awaited our good
ship from• the dear ones at home. A
solid advantage it is to the traveller to
have a wife who knows the ropes. I
always had a cheery and affectionate
welcome from, and link with, home
awaiting me at Genoa, Naples, Port
Said, Aden, Colombo, Hong-Kong, and
Shanghai. How different from the first
trip! Not being in the run of things,
and there being then no Siberian Rail-
way one was out of touch with one’s
home for about three months. In our

At Work Again
metaphysics classroom at Edinburgh is
the favourite aphorism of Sir William
“ On earth there is nothing great but
In man there is nothing great but
but the women folk about him must not
have reckoned for much, or, in spite of
his philosophic acumen, he failed to ap-
predate true greatness, unless he in-
tended to include the qualities of the
heart in the term “ mind ” ; but I for one
say that, at least, besides mind, con-
sidered as a faculty of reason and ap-
prehension and knowledge, there is
marvellous greatness in womanly kind-
liness and affection, especially in that of
“ the. woman.” Besides highly-prized let-
ters from wife, child, mother and sister,
friends of one’s own family, I had a
most helpful and fatherly letter at the
very outset of my journey from the Rev.
J. H. Batt, of Mitcheldean, Gloucester,
whose sterling friendship I had the good
fortune, with my wife, to make at the
Nottingham Conference. The world
has a wonderful number of kindly peo-
pie whose lives exude deeds of thought-
fulness as naturally as the violet its
gently-pervading perfume, or the sun its
kindly warmth, thoughtfulnesses which
in the aggregate must have created
mountain-systems of happiness. But
enough! let me say as to the voyage
that on the appointed day, Sunday,
October Qth. almost as punctually as
an English train, “The Yorck” landed
us in the morning at Shanghai in time
to get one’s things to an hotel, and one-
self to an enjoyable Christian English
service. About two or three days later
Dr. and Mrs. Plummer and baby, with
Miss Smerdon,* who had all come bv
Canada, joined me, and we had a week
more to await the Wenchow coasting
steamer. This delay enabled me to get
a new edition of our Chinese Hymn
Book into the printer’s hands, as well
as giving us an opportunity to spend a.
day with our Ningpo friends all of
whom we found well, and just about to
launch out into another winter of hard
work. On October 21st we reached
*To join her brother at Wenchow, thence to travel awhile
(see p. 37, February).—Ed,
Wenchow where another hearty wel-
come was given us.
We had our city circuit meeting on
Monday, November yth, here in the
city, attended by about sixty repre-
sentatives. Mr. Sharman was at the
same time holding a circuit meeting in
one of his circuits about forty miles
away. The City Circuit is in my sec-
tion, and is our largest circuit in the
Wenchow country, being really four cir-
cuits. I believe it is somewhat rare, or
has been until quite recently, for a mis-
sion to have so strong a work in its city,
but our city work is our strongest, and
perhaps it is owing to our church
“ heart ” being as it is that many of our
country places are as vital as they are,
for in earlier days our city men used to
travel long distances when our country
circuits had not so good a staff. We'
had the first hour of our session, which
began just before ten a.m., devoted to
prayer mostly, and I gave a short ad-
Mrs. Stable and children at
Wenchow House, 14 Albert Crescent, Lincoln.

At Work Again
â– dress in which I contrasted Eli, the
priest of God, perhaps lolling on Ö¾his
•seat at the Tabernacle door—as one
often sees a Buddhist priest here—too
indolent to take careful observation of
the worshippers, and thus mistaking
Hannah’s inarticulate prayer for intoxi-
cation, and his culpable mismanage-
ment and easy-going conduct of affairs
in home and church alike, with Paul and
his description of those who hold office
as given in 1 Tim. iii. 1—13. From
eleven a.m. to half-past one p.m. we
discussed the business of the forty-four
societies included in the city circuit,
which circuit stretches inland from the
city for about fifteen miles, and out to
sea for nealy forty miles on the other
Nearly all the churches were repre-
sented. Mr. Gauge represented the Col-
lege, Dr. Plummer and Mr. Li (his as-
sistant.) the Hospital, and with represen-
tatives from the City Christian Endea-
vour society, and the preachers, we
totalled about sixty.
Mr. Gauge wrote out a short report
for the present term of the College in
English, which I translated. He re-
ported 62 pupils there, including 37
boarders, and average attendance 55.
Fees $336-^, equals about ^30. Three
students are now assisting in class
teaching who finished their preparatory
course last year, besides continuing pri-
vate studies. The College had been
honoured by visits from the Educational
Inspector, and a Tao-t’ai greatly inter-
ested in education; the health of the
students was reported satisfactory and
good progress made in study. At the
Wednesday evening College service,
quite a voluntary thing, the average
attendance is 16. There are 13 Chris-
tian scholarship students besides 7
students who come from the C.I.M. I
am indeed deeply thankful that we are
able to get this enlarged Christian ele-
ment into the College. I am sure it
cannot but make for good. The very
atmosphere at the Sunday afternoon
College services seems different For-
merly not one of the Chinese preachers
cared for that service, and, for myself, I
always had least pleasure in it, but on
Sunday last I had my first service there
under these new conditions, and I most
thoroughly enjoyed it myself. The at-
tention was good and the interest evi-
dent. Mr. Gauge gave hearty thanks
to the preachers who have conducted
these afternoon services so well, and to
Dr. Smerdon for presiding at the organ.
Mr. Chapman is missed very much, as
A Scene in Clear Music Town.
.[“ We travel a great deal in this kind of boat rowed in gondola fashion, and sleep under
the bamboo cover visible in the photograph. Observe another kind of bridge, with a
heathen temple and Chinese lamp-post at the end.”—W. R. Stobie.]

At Work Again
is natural, by Mr. Gauge, but he was
able to report that the Christian scholar-
ship students were doing well.* The
prayers and help of the representatives
were asked for the College that it might
be used to extend God’s Kingdom.
Miss Boardley reported thirty-six
girls in attendance at the City Girls’
School, a falling off from the beginning
of the year of over a dozen. But this
is incidental to day schools in China I
should think generally, and is one of
the disadvantages which call for great
patience and sagacity on the part of
those who carry on such work.
The Hospital continues to be over-
crowded, and Dr. Plummer is looking
forward to greatly-improved work with
his new stock of improvements, the in-
stallation of some of which is already
going on. The end of the year we ex-
pect will report the largest numbers of
patients in the history of our medical
work. The City Boys’ School, with
considerably over a hundred boys, goes
on apace under the general supervision
of Mr. Sharman, who, with Dr. Plum-
mer is eagerly looking forward to the
erection of our new Sunday School
already begun-with in the way of clear-
ing the site and buying material. This
school will adjoin the City Chapel into
which it will open, so that adult classes
can be held in the chapel, if necessary,
while the juniors are being taught in
the schoolroom, capable
of seating four or five
hundred, if not more.
This school will be used
as a day school to which
our present Boys’ School
will be transferred, and
being much more cen-
tral will be very con-
venient, and the present
Boys’ School—the old
Hospital—-will make a
fine Girls’ School for
boarders, if desired.
Nine members are re-
ported as having died
in the City Circuit, and
eight to have ceased
attending service (two
of them through gam-
* We shall have photograph of
these next month.—Ed.
bling), one woman joined the Roman
Catholics, and two' brothers, young men,
who allege that they are too hardly put
to it to make a living to be able to afford
the time for public worship. One small
country school is to be closed next year,
and in another the teacher to be
changed because of irregular attend-
ance. One young man, formerly a local
preacher, who fell into grave sin several
years ago, was restored to communion,
and another voluntary preacher was
added to the list. It is a pleasing fea-
ture of our preachers’ plan to notice the
increased number of free services given
by our regular men.
After the meeting the representatives
sat down to a quiet Chinese dinner,
after which those preachers who had
half-yearly accounts to settle with me
met me in my house for the same, and
then dispersed for home.
[Ö¾This will be followed by the story of a
nineteen days’ tour by Mr. Stobie.—Ed.]
Tight Corners in China. By Samuel
Pollard. (Publishing House; Is. net.) We
acknowledge the receipt of this book, and
are delighted with it; but we shall have to
defer review till next month.
The Editor thanks the friends who have
responded to his appeal for copies for 1908.
He is now amply supplied.
Three members of our Circuit Steward’s family have collected no less a
sum than £107 2s. 7d.
Miss Muriel Stevens (centre) £30 17s. Od. in six years.
,, Marie Stevens ... £42 12s. Od. ,,
Master Leslie Stevens ... £33 13s. 7d. in five years.
—Per. Mr. G. H. Andrews, Cir. Mis. Sec., Mansfield.

M©ban?n?edai?isn? ip
tl?e Light of
Recent Develcpipepts.
By the Rev.
II.—“A Great Si£bt.”
“ And Moses said, I will now turn
aside, and see this great sight, why the
bush is not burned.”—Exodus iii. 3.
'HE “ great sight ” with which we
are concerned in this article is
the Revolution in Turkey in
1908, and the new order of things
thereby introduced—a revolution that
in many of its features has been un-
exampled. To see how this wonderful
movement originated it is necessary
to go back almost a century, to the
time when missionary effort was com-
menced in Turkey by the American
Board of Commissioners for Foreign
Missions. The aim then was, primarily,
to spread evangelical truth and light
among the ancient Christian Churches
in Turkey, Armenia and Syria; but
also ultimately to reach and Christian-
ize the Mohammedan and the Jew.
Dr. James L. Barton.
[Secretary of the American Board of Com-
missioners for Foreign Missions. The Sec-
retary referred to.]
[Favoured by “Our Missions."
As the years went by and the work
began to tell, opposition was aroused,
and evangelization by direct effort was
discovered to be almost impossible. No
thought of retreat was entertained, but
the policy was changed. It was seen
that educational efforts gave most pro-
mise of success in opening the way to
better things, and attention was largely
concentrated for the time upon educa-
tional enterprise and activity. The
Bible was translated. The primer was
introduced. Around these sprang up
the primary and boarding school. After
half a century of planting and growth,
the high school and theological training
schools could not meet the demands of
the newly-awakened intellectual life.
Then Robert College, Constantinople,
was established, and in its wake other
similar institutions followed securing
pupils from all parts of the Turkish
Empire, from the Danube to the Eu-
phrates. At the (!Ecumenical Confer-
ence of Missionaries, held in New York
in 1900, the secretary of the American
Society which has won so much honour
in connection with these enterprises
The success is not measured by the nearly
50,000 evangelical Christians who are num-
bered among the Protestants. The great
results are found in the changed idea which
obtains in a large measure in nearly, if not
all, of the old churches of Turkey, that to
live the life of Christ is better than formally
to worship Him; and that intelligence,
purity and righteousness are essential quali-
fications for high and sacred office in the
Church. The evangelical spirit of indepen-
dence of judgment, of personal responsibi-
lity, and of the necessity o׳f the life’s com-
porting with professed beliefs, IS PRODUC-
Those words deserve to be printed in
bold type ; they were truly, though not
formally, prophetic. Subsequent events
have written large the truths they con-
tain. “ The mighty changes ” spoken
of, visible to the instructed eye in 1900,
became visible to the eyes of the whole
world in the revolution of 1908. That

Mohammedanism in the Light of Recent Developments
revolution had its explanation in the
fact that nearly all the chief actors in it
had been trained in the mission col-
leges. Though they had not embraced
the Christian faith, they had imbibed
Christian ideas and principles. One of
the most eminent of them declared that:
“ In inaugurating the new regime they
put absolute reliance upon the work
done by the large number of Christian
institutions scattered throughout the
empire, and,” he added, “we find we
did not misplace our confidence.” At
one time the permanence of the new
order seemed threatened by impending
complications with Bulgaria, but the
evil did not come. That it was averted
was attributed to the fact that so many
of the leaders of thought and action in
Bulgaria had also been educated at
Robert College, and were more or less
in sympathy with the Turkish leaders in
Further evidence might be adduced
were it necessary, but enough has been
said to show that the source of this
movement in Turkey, which has aston-
ished and is astonishing the world, has
been the educational work carried on by
Christian missions in
Turkey. Such being
the case it is easy now
to understand that it
was just as well Mr.
* i.e., for the time being.
Church of St. Sophia, Constantinople.
[Photo: Abdullah Freres, Constantinople.
Gladstone and those who thought with
him, did not succeed in setting the Brit-
ish Army and Navy to work to coerce
the Sultan in 1895. It was a great disap-
pointment to many at the time. It
seemed to be a humiliation to Christen-
dom and a dishonour to the name of
Christ that those inhuman Kurds, at the
will of the Sultan, should be permitted
to harry and massacre Armenian Chris-
tians so mercilessly, and that Christen-
dom should look on and witness the
proceedings, and be deaf to the appeals
for help. We can see now that military
or naval operations might have set
Europe by the ears and intensified the
fanaticism of the Moslem. There was
a better way of avenging those Arme-
nian atrocities, a way more in harmony
with the genius of the Christian reli-
gion, and incomparably more effective ;
and without realizing how great a thing
they were doing, the Christian
Churches were actually pursuing the
better way. The Gospel was doing a
greater work than the British army
could have done. Now Turkish
tyranny has perished almost,*“ without
hand,” without bloodshed, with very
little reaction; the explanation being
that Turkey had already been prepared
for it by the confidence Christian mis-
sionaries had inspired and the work they
had done. It is a truly wonderful
chapter of history, the lessons of which

Mohammedanism in the Light of Recent Developments
Christian workers should never tire of
learning. It is full of inspiration and
instruction. It should teach us to have
less faith in armies and navies and
policemen as instruments of reform, and
more faith in the teacher and the
preacher, in the Bible and the printing
press, in the sowing of good seed, and
the cumulative power connected with
patient continuance in well-doing.
“ The weapons of our warfare are not
carnal but mighty through God to the
pulling down of strongholds.” Rarely
has history afforded such illustration of
that apostolic word. The Bible is
mightier than Dreadnoughts, and much
cheaper. The Christian Church is the
salt of the earth, and the great regene-
rative force of humanity. Recent events
in Turkey should teach us to have more
faith in the institutions and expressions
of Gospel grace—in the grace and truth
which came by Jesus Christ.
It is not intended by all this to con-
vev to the reader an impression that
Turkey has become entirely Christian-
ized, nor that the administration of the
Turkish empire under the new regime
has been perfectly wise. The task was
a very great one, and the success has
been stupendous. From a Christian
point of view it has been, however, a
“preparing of the way of the Lord,”
and an anticipation of the greater
triumphs which may be expected now
Interior of St. Sophia, Constantinople.
that in those lands “the word of the
Lord has free course ” once more. To
Turkey the gains have been substantial.
A special correspondent of the “ Daily
News,” writing from Constantinople, in
the issue of that paper for January 16th,
having spoken of improvements in
sanitation, communication, taxation,
administration, says:—
“It would be easy to add to the credit side of
the new regime but I will only add two other
items. The first, the voluntary spread of educa-
tion ; the second, the new spirit which has been
developed in the population. I could fill columns
with enumerations of the educational work volun-
tarily undertaken by Turks and Christians. Its
most remarkable feature is the determination
which women, Moslem and Christian alike, have
shown to educate themselves and their daughters.
The quiet, unobtrusive work being done for
education is excellent. The new spirit shows it-
self in freedom of speech and freedom of move-
ment. Three years ago, in the cafes, the streets,
and steamboats, people spoke with bated breath
—if three persons met, one would be a spy—now,
in all such places, opinions are expressed with as
much freedom as in London or Paris.”
The enumeration of these things as
among the results of missionary work
in Turkey may help to remind the
reader how much greater are his obliga-
tions to Christ and Christianity in Eng-
land than is commonly recognized.
The story of these triumphs in Tur-
key should be of special interest to us
in view of the outlook in China. Mr.
Marshall Broomhall, in a book just
issued from the press entitled “ Islam
in China ” [of which a review will ap-
pear in these columns shortly.—Ed.],
has reminded us that more than once
Mohammedanism has threatened to
overwhelm China, and is even now an
important element in that great empire.
Independently of that, however, it is
not impossible that there may be some
recrudescence of the anti-foreign feel-
ing in China which may make the work
of Gospel preaching as difficult there
for a time as it has long been in Turkey.
If such should be the case, the oppor-
tunity for Christian work along educa-
tional lines will remain. China cannot
dispense with Western knowledge.
English and American Christianity
could do no greater service to China,
under such circumstances, than to in-
fuse into her intellectual life Western

Famous Names Recalled
and modern ideas. It is not generally
understood how directly these are the
products of Christianity; nor how,
sooner or later, they presuppose and
necessitate Christian faith for their
completion and successful operation.
Altogether hopeful, from the Christian
point of view, is that movement to give
China Christian universities which was
recently inaugurated, and in which
English Christian efforts should be
largely reinforced from America. Mat-
ter for thankfulness and holy pride to
the United Methodist Church it should
be to have been able to contribute the
services of an able Principal to one of
the most influential of existing universi-
ties (in the province of Shansi) in the
person of one of its own missionaries,
the Rev. W. E. Soothill.* During the
next decade there may be done for
China, in preparing the way for the
peaceful reign of Christ, what Robert
College and its compeers have accom-
plished for Turkey.
By way of summing up the contents
of this and the preceding article one
thing remains to be said. Dean
Church, in his book on “ The Gifts of
Civilization,” has told how, “ on the
bronze gates of St. Sophia, Constanti-
nople, may still be seen—at least, it
* See Mr. Packer's Article, p. 51.—Ed.
might be seen some years ago—the
words placed there by its Christian
builder, and left there by the scornful
ignorance or indifference of the Otto-
mans—I.X.NIKA—Jesus Christ con-
quers. The Ottoman may have erased
the words from the bronze gates of St.
Sophia, as Dean Church appears to
have suspected, but they are written
large over the Turkish Empire and else-
where. It seems but yesterday that the
present writer saw mention of the fact
that the literary censor of Abdul the In-
famous had prohibited the printing and
circulation of the hymn:—
“Jesus shall reign where’er the sun
Doth his successive journeys run.”
Some disloyalty to the Sultan was dis-
covered, or some rivalry suspected.
Well! The Galilean has conquered
once more. The Sultan has retired into
private life—into very private life ; but
Jesus Christ conquers, and “ of the in-
crease of His government and peace
there shall be no end.”
* # *
Not more wonderful was that burning
bush to Moses than the recent history
of Turkey should be to us. In both
alike we discern with infallible certainty
the presence of the Living God. The
readers of this Magazine will surely be
moved to reverent worship by the
“ great sight.”
Faipous Naipcs
XIII.—G. M. H. Innocent,
China* 1859—1892.
By tbe Rev.
George morrison hallam inno-
CENT, a worthy son of a worthy
sire, was born at North Shields
on July 24th, 1859. His father, the
Rev. John Innocent, had been appointed
at the Manchester Conference held in
that year, together with the Rev. W. N.
Hall, as the first missionaries of the
Methodist New Connexion to China;
so that within three months of his birth
George was “ out on the ocean sailing.”
His parents resided in Shanghai for
about a year. Then they removed to
Tientsin in 1861, and it was in these
two places that the infant years of
George’s life were spent. When seven
years old he returned to England to be
educated at the School for Missionaries’
Children at Blackheath. On leaving
school he commenced active life as a
tutor, first in North Shields, next at
Jesmond, and finally in the High School
at Oldham. In the last-named town he
lived with his intimate friend, the Rev.
George Parker, under whose happy in-
fluence he joined our church in Werneth
and devoted himself to Christian use-
fulness. Beginning to preach, it was

Famous Names Recalled
soon discovered he had gifts of a high
order, and the Werneth Church, im-
pressed with his fitness for the minis-
try, recommended him to the Oldham
quarterly meeting as a candidate for
the ministry. The Conference accepted
him, and resolved that he be sent to
Tientsin to undergo a year’s training
with his father before entering upon
the work of a missionary. Completing
his course as a student and probationer
he was ordained in December, 1887, in
the Union Church, Tientsin. Minis-
terial brethren of various Denomina-
tions, representatives of English and
American Churches took part in the
impressive ceremony. “ After his or-
The late George M. H. Innocent.
dination,” says the Rev. G. T. Candiin,
in the touching memorial sketch of his
beloved colleague:—
“The chief sphere of his labours was the
Lao Ling Circuit. That large circuit forms
the backbone of our China Mission, and
afforded ample scope for the most enthu-
siastic enterprise. He spent himself in noble
service, never grudging pains and never
shrinking from hardship.”
The Yellow River, the second largest
river in China, is subject to periodical
and dangerous overflows. In 1887 and
1890 the inundations spread over a
wider area than usual, and did incalcul-
able damage. Over a million persons
are known to have been drowned, and
millions more were ex-
posed to terrible suffer-
“From what I have seen
and heard,” writes the
young missionary, “ I can-
not write down the number
of flooded villages at less
than a thousand. I should
not be at all surprised to
find out that over two thou-
sand villages are inun-
In 1890, Mr. Innocent
and Dr. Shrubshall re-
1 i e v e d the famine-
stricken inhabitants of
upwards of a hundred
villages. They slept at
night in our chapels, and
spent the days amongst
the destitute, flooded-out
villagers, and whenever
opportunity served they
preached Jesus to the
sufferers. “ At one time
or another,” says Mr.
Candiin, “ every member
of our mission took a
hand in the work, but
George Innocent may
fairly be said to have
had the lion’s share —
he laboured unsparingly,
risking his life in danger-
ous situations, to snatch
victims from the black
jaws of death.” That the
Chinese appreciated the
arduous, self-denying

“On Different Quests”
labours of our devoted agents is
evident from the dress in which
Mr. Innocent is represented in the
photograph. That robe, made of
Chinese silk (plum coloured), and
embroidered with white silk, with
over 300 characters representing names
of a hundred converts and others, was
presented to our brother by the mem-
bers of our churches in the Shantung
Circuit on the eve of his return to this
country, and was accompanied with the
request that on every occasion on which
he appeared before an English audi-
ence he would wear it as the outward
and visible sign of Chinese gratitude
for English help.
In 1891, after nine years of devoted
service, he returned to England on fur-
lough. A few months later he was
united in marriage to Miss Pottinger,
of Sunderland, a young lady whose cha-
racter and devotion to Christian work,
rendered her in every respect worthy of
him; and after spending a few weeks
amongst friends in various parts, he and
his young bride sailed for China along
with the Rev. G. T. Candlin and family.
Hardly had the voyage commenced
when our brother was seized with ill-
ness. Sea-sickness was followed by an
eruptive complaint. At Singapore he
went ashore in the hope that a day on
land would improve his condition ; but
he was restless and soon returned to
his berth. He gradually grew worse,
and. in spite of all that medical skill
and loving affection could do, he passed
away on Monday, May 30th, 1892.
The next day, in presence of the ship’s
officers, crew and passengers, and some
Tientsin friends, and many English re-
sidents, he was interred in the Happy
Valley Cemetery, Hong-Kong “ in sure
and certain hope of the resurrection to
eternal life through our Lord Jesus
The brief sketch of our brother which
appears in the “ Minutes ” for 1893 I
prepared and read at the Huddersfield
Conference. From it most of the facts
here chronicled are taken. The esti-
mate of his character reflects the views
of others as well as my own so that I
offer no apology for giving the closing
sentences in this sketch.
As a man he was naturally modest,
playful, brave and genuine—“ as gentle
as a woman, as frolicsome as a child,
and as determined as the most resolute
of men,” is the testimony of the Rev.
G. Parker who knew him well. As a
student, diligent and painstaking, he
worked so hard and stored his mind
so richly that “ in his yearly examina-
tions he acquitted himself well, giving
full satisfaction to his brethren as to
his competent acquaintance with theo-
logical truth and ecclesiastical history,
and his proficiency in the use of the
difficult language in which his great
message must be told.” As a mission-
ary his heart burned with enthusiasm.
His motto was “ China for Christ.” He
belonged to China, body and soul.
“ Born within the period of his father’s
appointment to that field, his childhood
days passed on its soil, when he went
to China he went for life, and could
never have imagined himself other than
a Chinese missionary.” Thus spoke the
Rev. G. T. Candlin. “ The Connexion
never had a more devoted or promising
missionary,” is almost the closing sen-
tence in Dr■. Townsend’s touching tri-
bute to his memory, and all who really
knew him will readily concur in the
sentiment. Dying in his thirty-third
year, stainless in life, noble in charac-
ter, complete in consecration, he went
from us just when we were anticipating
wider service and nobler triumphs, but
the Master accounted his work on earth
to be done, and He who had a right to
his service in either world called him
higher. “Even so, Father; for so it
seemed good in Thy sight ”
“ Op Different Quests” *
(Vide “U.VL,” Nov. 17rh. p. 851.)
״Athirst for tiger-blood”—“No converts,”
here! /
But trophies of the jungle shown.
“Athirst for souls”—no thought of lurking
’Midst wild beasts, only angels known ;
Set heart, spent life, to win the best—
Thus, contradiction of report.
Though one will scoff, each found his quest, +
The man of prayer, the man of sport.
El. Sie.
*Mark i. 13 (cf. I. Cor. xv. 32—11. Timothy iv. 17).
+ Mr. Galpin tells me that the Chinese actually distinguish
between tiger-men and Bible-men !

Harvest Festival
at Wu Tip§ fu.
JUST lately everybody has been
busy round us gathering in the
biggest harvest for the last four
or five years, and owing to the pressure
of the work the congregations at our
chapels have been smaller than usual.
We are now, however, hoping for better
attendances, and looking forward to a
good spell of work.
Last Sunday we had the first harvest
thanksgiving services ever held in this
district. Arrangements were made that
all the stations in the circuit should hold
the harvest festival on the same day,
and members were exhorted to bring
grain, vegetables, etc., to place in
chapels, and also to contribute to a
special thanksgiving fund. I am now
awaiting reports from country places.
At Wu Ting Fu here we had quite a
good time. The enclosed photo will
give you an idea, perhaps, of how the
school looked when arranged for ser-
vice. The members gave very liberally
both of grain and cash, and considering
By the Rev.
that it was a first attempt at such a
sendee it was very successful. In the
morning Dr. Robson, Mr. Li Hsi Shang
(the pastor), and the two stewards gave
short addresses, and in the afternoon I
conducted a Bible class. Both meetings
were very well attended, and altogether
the results were very encouraging. The
contributions amount to 56,000 cash
for this one place—equal to about
/,2 6s. 8d., a sum by no means small
when we know it is given by a handful
of people who at the best of times can
barely make a living for themselves and
families from their plots of ground.
Next week we commence one of a
series of winter Bible classes for mem-
bers. It will be for women, and will last
three weeks. In addition we have two
women here for the winter studying in
hope that next spring they may be
used as Biblewomen in the circuit.
We all keep well and hearty, and are
looking forward to coming home. (See
p. 53.—Ed.)
FirstIHarvest Festival at Wu Ting Fu, N. China.

Bible Picture
£|*HE Bible is a beautiful picture-
book. Its language, both in the
* Hebrew and Greek, is illustra-
tive. The ear is helped by the eye ;
sight is linked to sound to make the
meaning clear. Every principal word
is a picture. To look upon some of
these Bible pictures may be both inter-
esting and instructive.
This word is used thirteen times in
the Book of Numbers, and translated
“ Standard.” It is also used thrice in
the Canticles and once in the Psalms,
and translated “ Banner.” But neither
“ Standard ” nor “ Banner ” conveys an
exact idea of the graphic meaning of
the word. In Assyrian the word means
“ to see ” ; in Arabic “ to burn, to en-
lighten, to glitter ”; and from it our
modern English word “ dazzle ” is pro-
bably derived.
A Degel was neither a military stand-
dard nor a banner, but a portable beacon,
Lilium loiif’itlorum harrish.
[With acknowledgments to the Editor of
" The Agricultural Economist and Horti-
cultural Review," E. O. Greening, Esq.
By tbe Rev.
I.—The Buri?ii?g Cresset.
somewhat like an iron fire-stove, carried
on the top of a long pole. These fire-
beacons, or burning cressets, were used
by caravans of travellers through the
deserts in their night marches; and in
order that each company of the caravan
might know its own signal, the beacons
were of various shape—oval, square,
triangular, and circular. When the night
march began each company followed its
own Degel, the fire-signals flashing up-
on them to guide them in the way. This
custom gave rise to the Bible illustra-
tion : “ Terrible (or awe-inspiring) as an
army with fire-standards.” In the march
of the Israelites through the wilderness,
in four-square order, at the head of the
four squares was—
lifted up the fire-beacon of Judah, the fire-
beacon of Reuben, the fire-beacon of
Ephraim, and the fire-beacon of Dani
and the Lord went before them—
in a pillar of fire by night to give them light.
Centuries afterwards, when the Jews
were celebrating the Feast of Lights, in
commemoration of the Pillar of Fire
which led their fathers through the
trackless desert, every house and street
in Jerusalem lighted with lamps and
lanterns, the Temple blazing with
many-coloured lights, a Voice was
heard, saying:—
I am the Light of the World ; he that fol-
loweth Me shall not walk in darkness, but
shall have the light of life.
Jesus proclaims Himself the True De-
gel, the Pillar of Fire, the Burning
Cresset, a burning and shining Light,
flashing on the whole world the Divine
light of the True Life. Confucius may
be the light of China, Buddha may be
the light of India, Mohammed may
be the light of Arabia, but Christ is the
light of the whole world, enlightening
every man coming into the world.
They are but broken lights of Thee,
And Thou, O Lord, art more than they.
In Eastern lands marriage celebra-
tions take place in the evening. The
bridegroom, attended by his friends
carrying lighted lanterns, goes to the

The Ningpo Curriculum
house of the bride to bring her to her
new home. In the Canticles we have
a graphic description of this custom.
As the bride comes forth, the bride-
groom describes her as dazzling like a
woman adorned with jewels shone upon
by the nuptial lamps. The bride in
reply compares the bridegroom to “ a
chief of fire-standard bearers, among
ten thousand,” and adds: “ He brought
me into his banqueting-house, and his
Degel (his fire-standard) over me was
for love.” His was a love-signal, not a
war beacon. The ten thousand far-
flashing fire-signals were lighted not for
battle, but for illumination of a wed-
ding festivity. “ His lighted lamp was
for love of me.”
In the New Testament the parable
of the Ten Virgins illustrates this cus-
tom of “ the girt loin and the lighted
lamp,” the friends of the bridegroom
standing ready to escort him and his
bride through the darkness to their new
home. Even as Christ declared Him-
self to be the Light of the world, so
also He declares Himself the Bride-
groom ; the world is to be His Bride;
He will wash it, and cleanse it and pre-
sent it to Himself, a glorious Church,
not having spot or wrinkle, or any such
thing; He has lighted His Lamp of
Love, and gone forth to seek His
Bride ; and we, who are His friends and
followers, are to trim and light our
lamps, and assist Him in bringing the
Bride into His banqueting-house. We
are “ the lights of the world,” “ lights
shining in a dark place,” and we
let our light so shine that it may give
light to those who are seeking to enter
the house.
Shall we whose souls are lighted
With wisdom from on high,
Shall we, to men benighted,
The Lamp of Life deny?
Tfie Nipgp© Curriculurp. “;tnsclPaiEI>FERN
THEREWITH I send a list of text-
r-j books used at the College, which
* I should very much like to see
printed in the ECHO. It will give our
people a good idea of this portion of
our mission work, and help to dispel
the delusion so harmful to our real sue-
cess that the Chinese are destitute of
culture and refinement. The truth is
that there is a great thinking class in
China who lead the body of the nation
like a flock of sheep. Whilst conscious
of their narrowness and prejudice, the
more I know this class, the more I
respect them. I believe they are worthy
of our very best: the best of our
prayers, the best of our men, and the
best of our poor offerings. In the past
we have been content to say, “ Christ
worked amongst the poor, and up-
braided the Pharisee,” and have left this
class almost untouched. In Ningpo we
occupy a splendid vantage-ground for
influencing them, but we do not receive
sufficient support to render our position
at all secure. I wish I could bring half
a dozen of our best young men over to
England, not to show off on public plat-
forms, or to be spoiled in the homes of
the people, but to be introduced to the
best men of our churches, that they
might plead for themselves. They
would convince even the most half-
hearted of the good work to be
done out here. It is a shame that there
should be any half-hearted amongst us
yvith such a task before us. I know
that such a scheme is impracticable, but
we really ought to-do more to convince
our people that the Chinese are worth
saving. (See next page.)
Archdeacon Potter, Hon. Secretary,
League of Honour, has issued a booklet
on the above under the title of “ Great
Britain, Slavery, and Indentured
Labour.” It has special reference to
the Congo, San Thome, South Africa,
and the coloured problem generally.
Most useful and timely. (Robert
Banks, London, 6d. : 25 copies at half-
price, plus 4d. for carriage.) Orders
may be sent to the Publishing House.

List of Text-books used in the ENGLISH METHODIST COLLEGE, Ningpo, China.
Collegiate DepartmentÖ¾ Preparatory Department.
\ Si ® Scripture. ® $ Mathematics. $ » Science. lb a English Literature. English Language. 81 £ Geography. a ifi History. & S Chinese Literature. £ @ Chinese. Classics. $
T & fll (««£X) Class D (Preparatory Class in English.) According to Standard. According to Standard. According to Standard. Juvenile Readers. I, II, III. Language Lessons. Si ■ft £ X $ W According to Standard. According to Standard. According Jo5 Standard. According to Standard.
Class C 8E * G » Pott’s Life of Christ. # © Liu Gwang-djao’s Arithmetic. Vols. I and II. ® (t Elementary Lessons in Physics and Chemistry. Juvenile Readers. IV. New’ English Readers. I, II. I. Elementary Com- position. Bf4 44 3tfb^3k 2. New Grammar. »ft«ft£X®«R 3. Language Lessons. K ft, £ X « « ft « HU tt »r Geography of Chekiang Province. & #85 'b ft ft ז# # # & 14 History of China for Secondary Schools. w-»»««£ w^jSiRft i. The National Reader for SecondarySchools. Book.I. & « « & £ a a נ. Easy Sttps in Chinese Grammar. 3• National Reader for Secondary Schools. w yg The Four Books.
Z. M Class B X Ui ־ft » G » Pott’s Parables of Christ. &E, & A £ Pott’s Preparation for the Kingdom. ® » k n ,J• £ tS * * ׳ft Liu Gwang-djao’s Arithmetic. Smaller Vol. II. Algebra. B « ft $Hb A Modern Text Book of Chemistry. New English Reader. III. H ® * 3? 3ft £ X Citizen Reader. * 31 E IS £ X V Elementary Compo- sition. f£^3k 2. Newsom Grammar. 3. Chapman’s Conver- sation. XftSSSXBSffi ® #ft׳J> || Geography of China for Secondary Schools. B # ffi ׳b ft ft $T History of China for Secondary Schools. »Xi״H«£hOSS3ftft i. The National Read»r for Secondary Schools. Books II, IIL x Easy Steps in Chinese » ft «mt xS'as a # 3• General Commercial s yg The Four Books.
¥ &S0 Class A Lessons from the Old Testament. a »i » » Royal Hall and Arithmetic. Knight’s Bks.VI.VII. Algebra. «»X #ftX *4i£ *#£ I. McDougall’s Laws of Health. # 3$ £ £ 3k 2. Evans’ Botany for Beginners. 8 Bit ft « £ X The Twentieth Century Reader. Book VI. * & tB + X Lamb’s Tales from Shakespeare. 8 » 8 « The Mother Tongue. &»«»£XJSi>a A Class Room Conversation Book. « « ft ׳!> ffi ft Geography of China for SecondarySchools. S 14 # & & ® * History of China. rara#«««£«£««* :. National Reader for Second- ary Schools. Book IV. - f״j A Jffir 2. Easy Steps in Chinese Composition. Book. II. th 5? £ ■Jr 3• A Collection of Model Essays. « yg The Four Books.
ft &1W Class HI New Testament in Modern English. #j 37r £ B£ Hall and Barnard Knight’s and Child’s Algebra. Geometry. #»£ *M McDougall’s Elemen־ tary Physics and Chemistry. * « » ft « HU ft « ® 1. Easy Steps in Chinese Composition. $ E ft A & l& 2. Commercial Letter Writer. it #? £ ־£• 3■ Easy Steps to Chinese Composition. Book III. < It The Spring and Autumn Annals.
& & iW Class || I. New Testament in Modern English. ft 3ft £ bj 2’.\Adengy’s How To Study the Bible. a a b ® I. Geometry (Without Text-book) S « M « 2. Lock’s Element- ary Trigonometry. » H 3. Coordinate Geometry. * PI S X T I. Roscoe & Lunt’s Chemistry. * S S Jfc 3. Sanderson's Magnetism and Electricity. * « » & I. Mrs. Fawcett’s Political Economy. St 2. Rhetoric. * » fc £ X I. Jevon’s Logic. »2 *K 2. Rhetoric. 9> 8 ® £ X Macmillan’s International Geography. « ft X * a ia Myer’s General History. ג® ifi 3k & w & & 8( 8? £ * 1. A Series of Classical Essays. ASM0 2. Famous Letters of al 1 Times. M * The Spring and Autumn Aunals.
Class | Macmillan’s International Geography. « ft x * 3 03 Mackenzie’s Nineteenth Century. « ifr $ 3k 3? & W £ ® 8f £ # 1. A Series of Classical Essays. OA£ « 2. Famous Letters of $11 Times. $ * The Spring and Autumn Annals.
Note :—In this list the name of the Text-book is written above as it appears on the title page, and the translation, whether into Chinese or English, is added below.

Tbe Missionary’s
“As seeing Him who is invisible”
Endure we and resist: the way is long,
Weary the feet, the heart how far from
Yet is it well with us, and shall be well.
Within us and without the storm may swell
Threatening, and round us persecutions
Yet which of these things moves us?
which can wrong?
Set fast in peace, girt round with grace we
Wherefore we fear not, nor can• fear for ever,
But are at rest withal; let come what may
Our cable holds; our anchor what shall
From its sure ground and everlasting
Hope smiles, and sings; let Faith the reason
“As seeing Love that is invisible.”
Bournemouth. S. Gertrude Ford.
Study Circles.
HE following unique story will be
an incentive to those who feel
their difficulties too many to
make a Study Circle possible :—
Following a student missionary campaign
in one of the districts of Greater London, a
Mission Study Circle was formed amongst
a few people employed at a large municipal
establishment. Its membership of six in-
eluded one Congregationalist, one Plymouth
Brother and four Baptists. They meet for
twenty-five minutes in the midday dinner
hour to study ״The Decisive Hour.” The
five days, Mond'ay to Friday of each week,
are devoted to one chapter of the book.
The members are becoming very keen, and
the best of it all is that they are in positions
of leadership, between them holding two
positions as deacon, two as Sunday School
superintendent, one in the Men’s Own
Brotherhood, one as choir master, one as
Band of Hope superintendent, and one as
leader of an infant class. Thus, their know-
ledge and interest are certain to be com-
municated to a very large number of young
«=>§=» ■י=^=>
Incidents frerp tl?e
R. STEPHEN LI, returning
from our northernmost out-
station recently, passed
through the seat of the disturbances of
the beginning of 1910. He states that
the people consider that the rebels who
were executed are worthy of pity if not
of veneration. They regard them as
having suffered vicariously in a right-
eous endeavour to deliver their fellow
men from the iniquitous yoke of the
foreigner. The district is one of those
where the people dwell in darkness and
the shadow of death, upon whom the
light has not shone. They think that
the magistrate who was robbed suffered
the just penalty of his deeds, for two
foreign books were found amongst the
plunder, which is clear evidence of collu-
sion with the feared and hated
From Ta Ching Pa, another place
where the people were rebellious, comes
By tl>c Rev.
a request for books and teaching.
“ Send us a preacher, for we
idols, and in our schools we are.using
Christian books.” Unfortunately there
is nobody to go.
At Lu tien three preachers received
a good welcome last week when they
went to conduct a service in the open
air. Only one man refused the offered
tract, and he grimly remarked that he
had not sufficient wastepaper baskets
for such stuff. This town is only
eighteen English miles from Chaotong
and should be opened by us as an out-
station: but where is the preacher ?
We were greatly interested in the
photos of Faux Namty Bridge.*
Remember I am ready to do all I can
to help your Magazine. I believe in the
Missionary Echo.
*1910. PP. 239-41,—Ed.

Our Worpcp’s Auxiliary. By Mrs. balkwiul
to whom, with Dr. and Mrs.
Savin, and Mr. and Mrs. Par-
sons, we accord a very hearty welcome
home, writes the following account of
her long journey from Yunnan:—
Early in November Dr. and Mrs. Savin,
with their three children, started from Chao
T’ong, and on November 14th Mr. and Mrs.
Parsons, with their baby and myself, left
the city. When one leaves one’s home and
friends to go to China it seems very dififi-
cult, but after living among the people for
some years it becomes just as hard to leave
them, and the good-byes were very painful.
We travelled in sedan-chairs for a fort-
night, spending the first Sunday at Tong
Ch’uan with Mr. and Mrs. Evans, and the
second Sunday at a Chinese inn, where we
had a quiet day, but unfortunately we were
rather short of food, as the bread we had
brought from Tong Ch’uan was all gone,
and the meat we had bought the day before
had mysteriously disappeared during the
night. From the capital we all continued
our journey by the new railway, which en-
abled us in four days to travel a journey
that would have needed several weeks in
chairs. The railway journey was very
wonderful, all among the hills of Yunnan,
and, to us, the engineering seemed marvel-
lous; such bridges, such tunnels (one hun-
dred and sixty in two days), such sharp
curves and windings, and such grand
scenery. The journey was necessarily some-
what rough and shaky, especially when we
turned the sharp curves. We had some ex-
citements on the way, one calling to another
to see the first bicycle, the first horse and
trap, the first tram or motor car, etc., until
we realized how far away from the modern
world we had been living. At Haiphong,
on the coast of Tonquin, we met Mr. and
Mrs. Dymond and Dorothy (on their way to
Yunnan), and spent a pleasant evening to-
gether, hearing from them of English life
and people, while we gave news of the
friends in Yunnan. The next stage of our
journey was to cross the Gulf of Tonquin—
we had a very rough passage, and were
glad to reach Hong-Kong, where we much
enjoyed a few day’s rest. The others stayed
at the Rhenish Mission, and I stayed at the
German Foundling Home. I was glad to
be among Chinese girls again, although we
were not able to talk to each other, their
dialect being so different from ours. It
was interesting to hear of the work, and to
see so many girls, some quite tiny children
—all outcasts from Chinese homes—gathered
together, well cared for and happy. We
spent one afternoon at the Blind School on
the mainland. Here were ninety girls, from
two to nineteen years old, all blind. It was
very pathetic, and at first seemed too sad
to look at; many faces were disfigured, but
some were beautiful. After their evening
meal they assembled in their schoolroom,
when Mr. Parsons, gave them an address,
and we heard them sing. One accompanied
on the organ, and they sang hymn after
hymn, their faces lighting up with pleasure
when we asked for just one more. Later on
the little ones went through their drill, and
I was touched by the little tots who came
along feeling my hands and face and clothes.
We left Hong-Kong on Christmas Eve,
first catching sight of all the good things,
including Christmas trees for the children.
We had a very sorry Christmas going
through our first experiences on the boat.
Our first steamer was the ״Himalaya,” and
we had a comfortable time when we had
settled down, although I always welcomed
our arrival at a port, being glad of any
opportunity of having a little time on land.
At Colombo we all had to be vaccinated, as
a case of small-pox occurred on the boat.
We were afraid we should not be able to
tranship to the “Morea,” but were allowed
to do so, and in this ship we concluded our
voyage. We much enjoyed our stay at
Colombo; so many varieties of people and
dress, and the life so different from that
to which we had been accustomed. At
Aden several passengers from India joined
our boat, among them a few missionaries,
and I was glad to compare notes with two
or three who had been teaching Indian girls.
One night in the Red Sea a passenger
jumped overboard. Buoys were flung out,
the life-boat was lowered, and we stayed
over an hour searching, but no trace of the
man could be found. We went through the
Suez Canal on a Sunday—gliding peacefully
and quietly along. The palms and luxuriant
vegetation that we had seen before were
now replaced by stretches of sand, with
occasionally a few Arabs and camels. We
had a most wonderful sunset, the best for
the voyage. When we reached Marseilles
I decided to come overland. I was heartily
tired of the sea. It was never terribly rough,
but often pitching or rolling enough to make
a bad sailor unhappy. Five of us—one be-
sides myself from China, and three mission-
aries from India formed a party,—and took
the night train to Paris. We spent Sunday
at the Y.W.C.A.,‘ where there was great
excitement over haying five live missionaries
together all at once. The young ladies over-
whelmed us with questions during the day.
In the evening a meeting was held when
three of us spoke. Some of them called me
“China,” and when two from India had
spoken, one of the liveliest in the Home
said : “Now let China have a turn.” We left

Prize Competition
Paris the next morningÖ¾, reaching Dover
shortly after three p.m., where my father
and brother met me, and we arrived home
at seven o’clock. I was so glad to see
everyone, and thankful that my long jour-
ney was at an end.
Letters received from Miss Holt state
that she was having an enjoyable
voyage, in company with six other mis-
sionaries, mostly belonging to the China
Inland Mission. The steamer was well
up to time.
Prize Ccrppetiticp. No. 15.
Copy of “A Thousand Miles of
Miracle in China,” by the
Rev. A. E. Glover, M.A.
(3s. 6d.), a painfully-entrancing book,
will be given for the best ioo-word re-
view of “ The Life of John Innocent ”
(Crombie, 3s. 6d.).
• Competitors must have been sub-
scribers to the MISSIONARY Echo for
twelve months. Initials or nom de
plume may be used, but name and ad-
dress must also be given. Papers
(written on one side only) to be received
at 61 Park Road, Newcastle-on Tyne,
by the 25th inst. Award in May.
This has proved an interesting competi-
tion. There has been a slight ambiguity
apparently. We did not mean “Women’s
work on the mission field,” nor “Work
among the women in certain countries,” but
“Women’s work for missions.” The prize-
winner only names seventeen volumes, but
nearly all are within the description, the
second contributor names fifty-seven, but
only a few of these are appropriate. E.g.,
the two following are not what is meant : —
“Life of Rebecca Wakefield.”
“ Persian Women and their Creed.”
It will serve all purposes the best if we
extract from the lists sent the books useful
in fitting women for coping with the felt
demand for personal service for missions :—
“ Home Work for Missions; A Message
to Women.” Mrs. Parker.
“Missionary Nuggets; Extracts for Read-
ing at Working-parties.” D. M. Pike.
“Urgency of the situation among African
Women.” Mrs. Springer.
“Work for Women in China.” Harriet
“Special Opportunities in Japan.” Maud
“ Possibilities among Women in South
America.” Harriet Taylor.
*“Women’s Work for Mohammedan
Women,” Mrs. Labaree.
“,The Preparation of Women for Mission-
ary Service.” Susan T. Knapp.
“What Can I Do? How to Help Mis
sions.” Annette Whymper.
*“Women who have Worked and Won.”
Jennie Chappell.
“ Our Eastern Sisters and Missionary
Helpers.” Ellis.
*“Overweights of Joy.” Amy W. Car-
*“Christian Work in Indian Zenanas.”
*“The Wrongs of Indian Womanhood.”
“Faith Working by Love. Life of Fidelia
*“Things as they are in Southern India.”
Amy W. Carmichael.
*“Dawn of Light: Story of Zenana Work.”
M. E. Leslie.
,Those marked * go beyond the purpose, but
are included because of the bright sugges-
tions for work they contain.
We add the following : —
*“Women’s Work in the Maratha Mis-
sion.” J. Torrance, B.D.
“Women of all Nations.” R.. T. Joyce.
“Hands Across the Sea: Jubilee History
of the Wesleyan W.M.A.”
“India’s Women and China’s Daugh-
ters.” C.M.S.Z.M.
“ Our Sisters in other Lands.” Presby-
“Zenana Mission Magazine.” Baptist.
“Open Doors.” Palestine and Lebanon
Nurses’ Mission.
“White Fields.” Zenana Medical Quar-
“Women’s Work.” Irish Presbyterian.
“The News of Female Missions.”
Church of Scotland.
“Women’s Missionary Magazine.”
U.F.C. of Scotland.
[Claims on our space prevent our giving
publisher and price, but these may easily be
obtained from local booksellers, or our own
Publishing House.]
* * »
Prize. “Endeavour.” A copy of “Edin-
burgh, 1910.”
Class 1. L. W. Lowe.
Class 2. “Bookworm.”

Missionary Echo
Cbe IHniteb flbetbo&ist Church.
“Christ ip the Apdcs.”
“Far up among those lonely crags on the crest of the Cumbre, deserted
and Isolated, storm-swept and glistening in its unique dignity, stands the
figure of the Christ.
‘Sooner shall these mountains crumble into
dust than the people of Argentina and Chile
break the peace which they have sworn to
maintain at the feet of Christ the Redeemer.’
Argentina and Chile have sculptured at its base. The drifting snows may
cover the rock-hewn words, but the spirit and ideal for which they stand
will ever breathe its blessing on all mankind through the pure crystal winds
which Sweep down from it. _prom “South America's First Trans-Continental Railway"
by Charles W. Furlong. "World's Work," January, 1911.
[By kind permission of the Editor.
[By courtesy of the Editor of
“ World's Work."
The “ Christ of the Andes.” The Peace Monument on the boundary
line, 13.000 feet above sea-level.
April, 1911.

Foreign Secretary’s By tl,e
Notes for tl?c Mopth• Rev c S1EDEECRD•
The Plague. We have all read with the
gravest concern the ac-
counts of the terrible plague which,‘ like
the very scythe of death, has been
mowing down humanity in Harbin and
other parts of Manchuria. It is notable
that this scourge should centre in Har-
bin, a town of evil reputation where
the worst elements of East and West
commingle, where since Manchuria was
wrested from Russia that country has
had only nominal control, and where
the absence of proper authority has
made a home for any kind of rascality.
There Prince Ito was murdered and our
missionary, Mr. Pollard, was robbed of
all the money he had. This place has
now become like a city of the dead, and
it looks as though the Chinese town
will be almost destroyed.
One of the many painful incidents in
connection with this terrible visitation
is the early death, after only two years
residence on the field, of the young and
brilliant Dr. Jackson who was working
in connection with the Presbyterian
Mission at Mukden, and who nobly
volunteered his services to combat the
plague. We all feel that such a death
means a great loss, and our sympathy is
with the friends of the Presbyterian
Our gravest concern has been lest
the plague should travel to the regions
occupied by our own missionaries in
North China. While some cases have
appeared in Tientsin and in Yung P’ing
Fu we have had no report of a violent
or general outbreak on our mission
ground. Our missionaries have been
very active in arousing the officials to
enforce precautionary measures. When
the danger appeared at Yung P’ing Fu
Mr. Hedley characteristically offered to
go there to co-operate with Dr. Jones
and Mr. Littlewood in establishing
necessary safeguards. Happily the
latest intelligence informs us that the
plague is checked, and we may hope
there is no longer any cause for concern
for our friends in North China on ac-
count of it.
What it While the facilities of
Means for modern travel seem to
Europe. reduce distance they cer-
tainly increase the perils
arising from closer contact with other
nations. Harbin is only eleven days
from London, and that is near enough
to give London a very real interest in
the state of things in Manchuria. As
a wise protection the Trans-Siberian
railway has been closed to passenger
traffic. As a consequence the Rev. W.
Eddon cannot book his journey, as he
intended, by that route. If it is closed
much longer he will be under the neces-
sity of returning by sea instead of by
Now while it is possible for Europe
to protect itself from plague by closing
the line of travel we have to remember
that there are moral plagues from which
we suffer danger of infection by closer
contact with distant nations. Europe
cannot afford to be indifferent to any
plague, physical or moral, in any part
of the world. And the only sure pro-
tection is the moral and spiritual uplift-
ing of heathen nations. The mission-
ary enterprise may become not only an
expression of Christian benevolence,
but also the recognized basis of the only
sound and safe system of social and
political economy. Christian missions
are laying the foundation of wise inter-
national political economy.
The Outlook In a letter just received
at Chao Tong, the Rev. C. E. Hicks
takes a very hopeful view
of the work at Chao Tong. He says
Mr. Dvmond has arrived and has taken
over the work of the Chao Tong Church.
It seems to me that the prospect is brighter
than it has ever been. We are expecting
a great year. I think our truest interest is
to bend our energies in Chao Tong during
the next ten years. We may then reap a
great harvest. It has often happened thus
in the history of missions. The first twenty
years have been years of hard and apparently
unfruitful^ toil and then the succeeding ten
have resulted in great response to the Chris-
tian message. As far as it is legitimate I

Foreign Secretary’s Notes for the Month
would ask you to consider seriously the deep
need of this prefecture.
We had an interesting Christmas Day, and
also the day following. The Sunday was a
solemn occasion, for I baptized twelve adults,
three youths and four infants. Some of the
men and women thus openly declared to
be members of the Christian Church stood
firmly by us during the whole of the recent
troubles. On Monday we had a feast, and
I showed my magic lantern.
A Record During the year 1910
Year at there were no less than
Wenchow 21,836 visits to the out-
Hospital. patient department of the
Hospital at Wenchow, and
I believe that is the highest number
recorded for a single year. On his re-
turn, Dr. Plummer found 103 patients
in the wards receiving treatment, and
the total number of in-patients for the
year was 1,487—1,164 men and 323
women. In addition to these there were
8,175 purchasers of medicine; 301
operations were performed. The
Chinese assistants undertake the minor
operations and have become quite ex-
pert. Since his return Dr. Plummer
has made three of the senior assistants
responsible for three of the wards so
that they act as house surgeons in his
absence, and are thus helping to bear
a share of the burden, and at the same
time gaining valuable experience for
Important Dr. Plummer says :—
Testimony. I have been impressed more
than ever with the wonderful
opportunity which the hospital offers for
reaching the people with the Gospel, and I
have been much cheered during the last
month by hearing from five different pastors
of patients, who first heard the Gospel in
the wards, becoming members of the
Church. Every morning my wife has a little
service in the women’s ward, and I have
one with the men, and we make a point
of getting one of the assistants to repeat
what we have said, so that the country peo-
pie shall not have the excuse that they
could not understand the foreigner. The
little addresses are listened to with the
utmost attention, and when at the end we
have a short prayer all who are able volun-
tarily kneel down.
The Sunday afternoon service at our City
Chapel has ah average attendance of 300.
It has been decided that this meeting shall
be conducted on Sunday School lines, and,
as the Hospital keeps me in the city on
Sundays, I have been appointed its super-
intendent. A preliminary meeting has been
held, and eighteen teachers 'have volun-
teered their services, and we hope to start
with the Chinese New Year.
New As a variation to the
Experiences incessant grind at the
for Mr. Chinese language, Mr.
Hudspeth. Hudspeth has had a taste
of missionary itineration.
True missionary, as he is, he thoroughly
enjoyed the experience notwithstanding
all the discomforts, of which he saysâ– 
nothing. Here is his account:—
On October 19th I started on a journey
through Miaoland. Toward the close of my
second day from Tong Chuan, Mr. Pollard
met me, and for ten days we travelled to-
gether. Everywhere a loyal welcome was
given me. The people are in good heart,
and many inspiring meetings were held.
With Mr. Pollard as interpreter I, several
times, addressed the gatherings. To me
the harvest festival services were unique.
At Chang Hai-Tsi some five or six hundred
Rev. G. T. Candlin and family when
Rev. C. Stedeford was their guest at Tang Shan.
[Photo : Mr. W. H. Butler, J.P.

City Temple Meetings
[Photo: Mr. W. H. Butler. J.P.
A busy scene in Pie Ho, near Tientsin.
;people gathered for worship. Many of these
had travelled fifteen, twenty, twenty-five
and some thirty miles bringing with them
gifts of maize, buckwheat, beans, etc. On
the Sunday I had the pleasure of baptizing
four young men each of whom was able to
read, and of whom the deacons gave a good
report. In one village so many people
gathered that it was impossible to find homes
for them. Between twenty and thirty shared
our bedroom. Those who could not find
any shelter built up large wood fires, and
around these, although it rained the greater
part of the night, they slept.
At the Nosu centre, Si-shih-u-hu, we had
a, very remarkable meeting. Nosu and
Miao, landlord and tenant,' gathered under
the same roof and worshipped as brethren.
Before the close of the service four of us,
each in his mother tongue, prayed. There
were Nosu, Miao, Chinese, English prayers
offered. The effect was wonderful. Even
the natives were affected. I thought that
here in Western China the spirit of the
World Missionary Conference was being
interpreted. I’ve been two months in Miao-
land. The story of this people is not fiction,
'!here are problems, grave problems, to be
faced, but the work is wonderful.*
Rev. A. E. Greensmith reports a
good District meeting in West Africa,
and that it was one of the most har-
monious they have ever had. He says
he is in good health, and never had
such unbounded gladness in the
* We have an article from Mr. Hudspeth on this tour,
■which shall, if possible, appear next month.—Ed.
Master’s service as during the past year,
and that it is a joy to live and to work.
Miss Holt, writing from near
Colombo, appears to have been having
a very enjoyable voyage. She found
very congenial company in some C.I.M.
ladies who are devoted to the same
work. She was quite well and happy,
and looking forward with confidence.
According to his plans, the Rev. W.
Udy Bassett, from East Africa, arrived
in England for his first furlough on
March 25th. We all accord him a most
hearty welcome.
City Ten?plc
APRIL 2+tlj.
E. C. Pannett, Esq., in the chair.
Speakers, Rev. E. F. PI. Capey, Rev.
W. Kaye Dunn, B.A. ; Rev. John
Moore, secretary.
Chairman, Marmaduke W ardlow,
Esq. Speakers, the President, Rev.
William Eddon, Rev. H. Parsons, Rev.
James Ellis, Rev. C. Stedeford, secretary.
See advertisement on cover.

Tlje Butler
Scholarship Studepts By
at Wepchow. T. W. CHAPMAN, Esq., M.Sc.
I HAVE pleasure in sending you a
photograph of ten students who,
through the generosity of the Trea-
surer, W. II. Butler, Esq., J.P., are
receiving a three years’ course of in-
struction at our College at Wenchow.
The boys all come from Christian
homes, and in some cases their fathers
are in the service of the mission.
At the time of the visit of the de-
putation (the Rev. C. Stedeford, Mis-
sionary Secretary, and W. H. Butler,
Esq., J.P., Treasurer) to Wenchow, the
College had been suffering for a year
as regards numbers under the disabili-
ties consequent upon the issue of an
Imperial Decree prohibiting students
from colleges under foreign control from
entering into official life. While the
staff of the College had been reduced
as much as possible, consistent with
efficiency, yet a considerable increase
in the number of students would not
have meant any increase in the expendi-
ture, and so, in order that the College
could be of even greater service to the
Christian community, Mr. Butler made
the generous offer to support’ six
boarders (from the country) and four
day students (from the city) for a period
of three years.
The first year has just been com-
pleted, and the report of each of the
ten students is eminently satisfactory.
In the case of one or two of the stu-
dents considerable ability has been
evidenced, and in all cases ample proof
has been shown that a very wise selec-
tion has been made.
In return for their education each
student is under obligation to serve the
mission—e.g., as teacher in country
school—for a certain period at a
nominal salary.
The number of students at the Col-
lege has increased, there being now over
seventy names on the roll.
The Ten Students enjoying Mr. Butler’s Scholarships.
[Photo : T. W. Chapman, Esq., M.Sc.

Our Returned
I’LL warrant those two little girls are
top of the list again,” said one
of a group of students who were
rushing down the stairs of Hartley Col-
lege * to inspect the preparatory exami-
nation list. The two little girls were the
Misses Squire who had left Edgehill
College for an extended course of study
at Southampton. The “ two little girls ”
were so frequently head of the list in
the test examinations that the Principal
asked where they had been to school.
“ You have received excellent ground-
work at Edgehill,” was his comment.
The two sisters at Hartley gained
simultaneously the teachers’ certificate
and the London B.A. degree. Then
they entered a school in the great city
in order to acquire practical knowledge
in teaching. It was while here that
Miss Ethel read the appeal from China.
Our girls at Chao Tong were in need
* Now Southampton University.
tbc Rev. W. A. GRIST,
tbe Rev. F. B, TURNER, and
Mr. G. P. DYMOND, M.A.
of a teacher. They had steadfastly
prayed that one might be sent.' Miss
Squire gave herself for the work. What
a splendid equipment she had. The
missionary box had a part in the train-
ing for she was an ardent collector.
Shillings never satisfied, her box always
contained pounds.
She was delayed at Hankow for lack
of an escort. She bought native books
and settled to study. She studied on
the river journey, and two months after
her arrival in Chao Tong taught a class
in the native Sunday School. Within
two years of her arrival in China she
had completed all the advanced sections
with high percentage of marks. What
a little hustler! The girls studied their
Principal as they studied their books,
and when one of the scholars fell ill,
and Miss Squire started out with a new
travelling rug taken from her box to
cover the patient, the girls exchanged
glances of quiet reverence.
Miss Ethel is not parochial in her
interests. Every branch of missionary
work has a share of her time. Fre-
quently a holiday is spent amongst the
Miao; she finds rest in change of em-
Before the Hospital was built we
sometimes had a traveller from the
country fall sick on the mission pre-
mises. The little hustler would rush in
and out of the schoolroom to help give
medicine and nourishment to the
patient. The bottle of perfume sent
for her birthday was gladly used to cool
the burning brow.
During harvest, or other festivals,
school work would be suspended and
the room scattered with grain, etc.,
where teacher and scholars were busy
making mottoes and chains for the ap-
proaching feast.
There was one duty which Miss
Squire, found difficult at first to perform
—that was prayer. All missionaries are
alike in this. We can write out our
addresses, we can talk, but we wait a
long time before venturing to pray in
Chinese. We do not think it proper to
write out a prayer though I knew
a missionary who did, and when he was

Our Returned Missionaries
walking out to the meeting one of his
boys mischievously said : “ Have you got
your prayer, teacher ? ” Miss Squire
held back from public prayer in Chinese.
The girls noticed this, and tried to get
her over this bridge of difficulty. So
one afternoon the address had been
given, the hymn sung, and the teacher
was about to request a girl to pray
when the scholar quickly said: “ Will
Miss Squire please lead us in prayer.”
On one occasion when the girls wit-
nessed their teacher tearfully place a
wee little Chinese babe in its coffin and
strew flowers on the lid their growing
admiration reached its climax, and a
scholar exclaimed : “ Truly this teacher
loves others as she loves herself.”* Miss
Ethel has led the girls along by her
energetic, consecrated personality ; from
observation has come the passion for
imitation. The girls are following in her
footsteps so it is not surprising to find
the once inert, ignorant, useless, des-
pised Chinese girl now in the Hospital
actively nursing the sick, or in the
school as assistant mistress, or away up
on the hills ministering to her heathen
sisters. The influence these girls wield,
and the way they are looked up to by
the less enlightened women and girls
is a splendid testimony to the good • of
our mission school.
Emmie Pollard.
'HE missionary is everywhere the
ambassador of Christ, and his
fidelity to this vocation makes
him the pioneer of civilization. In the
contemporary renaissance of the Orient,
missionaries—educationists, doctors and
evangelists—have played, and are still
playing, a part of unsurpassed import-
ance. This reflection may give an
added force to the welcome offered to
Dr. and Mrs. Savin on their return from
China for a second furlough. It must
now be about twenty years since Lewis
Savin was chosen by the Bible Chris-
tian Church as the most suitable of the
young ministers to be trained asÖ¾ a
medical missionary. A few strenuous
years of study in London enabled him
* It is so painfully common for the little ones just to be
thrown to the dogs after death.—E.P.
to pass his examinations, and in 1895
Lewis Savin, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P.,
bade farewell to home friends and jour-
neyed to Yunnan. After tedious delays
en route Dr. Savin reached Tong
Ch’uan where he spent some time in
acquiring a working knowledge of
the language and in dispensing
medicines. Three years later he
married Miss K. Howe of the same
mission, and these two missionaries
have wrought tirelessly for Christ’s
Kingdom in China. With unobtrusive-
ness characteristic of the man, Dr.
Savin transferred his ministry to
Yunnan Fu, probably the most impor-
tant centre in West China. But in
1900, although remote from the Boxer
influence, Yunnan Fu became one of the
storm centres of anti-foreign riots. Dr.
and Mrs. Savin, together with the Rev.
F. J. Dymond and other missionaries,
were driven from their homes, and
forced to journey through Tonquin to
the coast for safety. The mission pre-
mis'es were destroyed, and since no pos-
sibility for resuming work seemed likely
to occur for a long time Dr. and Mrs.
Savin returned to England for rest.
Dr. Savin, West China, 1887—

Our Returned Missionaries
Only those who have passed through
a Chinese riot can understand the
shock, and appreciate the resolve of our
missionaries to return to their work as
soon as the country was pacified. Du-
ring his second term of service—from
1903 till 1911—Dr. Savin has done a
work which will without doubt influence
all future developments of the Christian
Church of Chao-tong. Among other
achievements he planned and carried
out the building of a hospital, which,
considering the restricted finance of the
mission, may be regarded as a monu-
ment of economy and skill.
Dr. Savin’s life in China shows him
to possess the patience which refuses
to be daunted, the kindness which
masters all enmity, and the judgment
which adapts the worker to his task.
Should he be your deputation, expect
no voluble descriptions of his successes ;
for the most part he is content to do his
work and leave to others the telling of
it. All the more readily, therefore, do
we say that those who have seen Dr.
Savin and his wife at their work are
furnished with uplifting memories of
Christlike gentleness and cultured skill.
The doctor does not wear his heart
upon his sleeve; anyone suffering from
inflated self-esteem might be hurt by a
certain surgical skill he exercises in con-
versation, and think of him as a cynic.
But in reality no missionary hides a
tenderer heart than he. Among many
incidents proving that this is so his
fellow-workers cherish the memory of
the doctor’s long night watch amid dirt
and heat and mosquitoes in a Chinese
hovel as he did his utmost to save the
ebbing life of a promising schoolboy.
Overtasked as both he and Dr.
Lilian Grandin have been at the
best of times, vet in the absence
of the Revs. S. Pollard and F. Dymond,
Dr. Savin did not hesitate to add to all
his other work the duty of giving pas-
toral oversight to the mission.
Now Dr. and Mrs. Savin have come
back for a hard-earned rest. They
leave a little grave in Yunnan, and they
find a new grave in the old land! In
presence of these shadowed experiences
we observe the reticence due without
obscuring the recognition. But how
glad we are that Dr. Savin has the ioy
of meeting his father once again. My
knowledge of the glowing spirituality
of Mr. John Savin, of Faversham,
has helped me to understand and appre-
ciate his son. Those who have followed
Dr. Savin’s career will need no remem-
brance such as this, but perhaps what I
have written may serve as an introduc-
tion to many of the new friends in the
United Methodist Church who join with
the old ones to say : “ Welcome home! ”
W. A. Grist.
Tbe Rev. W. EDDON, jun.
OME twenty years ago two young
men, close friends and fellow-
workers in the cause of God,
went together to a missionary meeting
in one of our chapels in Newcastle-on-
Tyne. Their deepest feelings were
stirred, and that night they both deter-
mined to devote themselves to the sal-
vation of the heathen. These young
men were William Eddon and John
After due preparation they became
students at Ranmoor, and then laboured
with acceptance in several of our Eng-
lish circuits.
When men were needed for the China
Mission both volunteered: Mr. Hedley
was accepted and sent to China in 1897,
Mr. Eddon continuing in theÖ¾ home work
for a time longer.
During my furlough in 1899 I pleaded
for an additional missionary: the more
urgently as the Rev. J. Innocent, though
proposing to return to North China,
would be unable with advancing years
to take full work. Volunteers were
again asked for, and I heard, in the
Missionary Committee, the letter in
which for the second time Mr. Eddon
offered himself for the Chinese work.
The letter breathed a beautiful and
devoted spirit—a spirit which, through
long years of contact, I have learnt to
associate with him—and his offer was
Mr. Eddon was designated for ser-
vice in China at the Newcastle Confer-
ence of 1900, at which also my furlough
was due to terminate; but while Con-
ference was in session there came to
England, day after day, word of the
terrible Boxer rising, the dispersion,
flight and massacre of missionaries and
Chinese Christians, and it became evi-
dent before the final reading of stations

Our Returned Missionaries
it would be impossible for us to get into
At the last moment Mr. Eddon and
I were appointed to labour temporarily
in English circuits, and we have the
unique distinction, as the “ Minutes ”
will show, of each being appointed to
two circuits by the same Conference—
Mr. Eddon being down for Shantung
and Longton, and I for both Tientsin
and Sheffield West.
At the end of that year the way re-
opened, and, after the Conference of
1901, Mr. Eddon set out for China in
my company. Mr. Innocent, through
failing health, being unable to return,
the young missionary’s work began just
as the veteran was laying down his
Mr. Eddon’s first years of service
were spent as the colleague of his old
friend, the Rev. John Hedley: during
part of the time he travelled with me
to Shantung, and saw there something
of the effects of the Boxer storm, and of
the extensive restoration work which it
rendered necessary.
After his marriage in 1903 to Miss
Lovatt, of Fenton, he lived for a
year in Tientsin: by this time he had
made good progress with the language,
and at the close of 1904 he was ap-
pointed to the newly-constituted Wu
Ting Circuit, and worked it from my
station, Chu Chia, as a base, pending
the erection of mission-houses at the
new centre.
This arduous building work Mr.
Eddon attacked and put through in a
'most creditable manner: he then went
into residence at Wu Ting Fu—accom-
panied by Dr. Marshall—and this has
been his home and the scene of his
labours ever since.
Wu Ting Fu is a prefectural city, the
centre of our largest Chinese circuit: it
is further removed from civilization than
any station on the North China Mission
and lies on the vast plain of semi-barren
land bordering the Yellow River.
It is, perhaps, the least attractive and
desirable of our circuits as a place of
residence, but its people are of the salt
of the earth ; and Mr. Eddon has worked
amongst them with splendid patience,
devotion and success, undaunted by
great difficulties and deep sorrows.
His labours there are now concluding
under the happiest auspices, for he
writes that a wave of blessing is passing
over the circuit, and the people have
been experiencing something of the fer-
vour of the great revivals in Korea and
The Rev, W, ®•?J Mrs. Eddon, at Wu Ting Fu.

Our Returned Missionaries
Mr. Eddon will have a grand story to
tell of mission work on the great Shan-
tung plain. I am looking forward
eagerly to seeing him again and hear-
ing from his own lips some of his thril-
ling experiences since we parted in the
Land of Sinim.
He was expected to leave Tientsin on
March 13th, via Siberia, and is due to
speak at the City Temple on the 24th
inst: it is not unlikely, however, that
as the railway route passes right
through the plague-infected area, and
traffic is in consequence disorganized,
he may be compelled to travel home-
ward by sea. God bring him in safety
to the desired haven and make his visit
to the homeland a joy to himself and
a blessing to many!
F. B. Turner.
[During a recent visit to Mansfield we
had the pleasure of seeing the esteemed
father of our friend, who is spending his
retirement in that town. He has been seri-
ously ill, his life being at one time des-
paired of, but he said, with a joy inexpres-
sible : “ I felt I should see my son again.”
IT is given to few men to be living
witnesses of the birth of a nation.
Such an event, however, is happen-
ing before the eyes of the missionaries
stationed in Western China. The
awakening of China is a fact to which
the whole civilized world has now to
give credence, but this awakening is of
the nature of a new birth, for China,
as a whole, has had some degree of
civilization for many hundreds of years.
Away in the remote regions of Western
China, on the contrary, there are hill-
tribes who have been kept in a state
of aboriginal darkness until this
twentieth century, when there has come
to them the light of the Gospel through
the instrumentality of the agents of our
own missionary society.
Mr. Harry Parsons entered the Bible
Christian ministry in the year 1899.
After spending four years in the home
ministry (two at Bampton and two at
St. Dennis) he left for China. He was
at first the colleague of Mr. Frank
Dymond at Tong Chuan Fu, but, as
the great revival had broken out in
the Miao country, it became necessary
to set apart one of the younger mis-
sionaries to assist Mr. Pollard in that
work. The lot fell upon Mr. Parsons,
and those who have read his interesting
accounts of his work and tours in Miao-
land, as given by him in the pages
of this Magazine, will know how
earnestly he and his wife have striven
to fulfil their mission.
The camera, of which he makes such
The Rev. H. and Mrs, Parsons. West China, 1899— [.Photo : Dinham, Torquay.

Notable Junior Collectors
effective use, has set before our eyes the
places he describes, besides acquainting
us with many phases of his work. Stone
Gateway, Rice Ear Valley, White
Cliff and Long Sea have become
familiar names to readers of our mis-
sionary literature, and to those who
have had the privilege of listening to
the delightful addresses which Mr. and
Mrs. Pollard have given from time to
time at various missionary meetings.
Mr. Parsons has made it possible for
us to see the crowds in the chapel at
Stone Gateway and the beautifully-
situated mission-house there which he
himself built in a manner also illustrated
by his camera. At Long Sea we behold
the Miao Chapel which reminds us of
Billy Bray’s “ Three Eyes.” Then we
have been introduced to the brothers
Loh, the landlords of Cat Hill, on the
summit of which stands their home
which has given shelter during the re-
cent outbreak of persecution in the dis-
All this kindles the imagination, and
makes us realize in our best moments
that there is a modern Acts of the
Apostles in the making which will be
to the future history of that part of
China as the New Testament story is
to that of Europe. The rate of de-
velopment, however, is likely to be
much more rapid. His old friends at
East Street, Stonehouse, in the Ply-
mouth Circuit, where he grew up as a
Sunday School boy, are proud indeed
that one of their number should be
honoured of God in connection with so
great a movement.
Ip Wcstcrp Africa.
“All around were scrubby forests, desti-
tute of anythingÖ¾ man or beast could eat
. . . but the deep valley was green and
fertile as a garden. It had, however, only
been made so by patient labour, for even
in the tropics there is no escape from the
primeval ban. It is by somebody’s tense
effort that man is provided with his daily
bread, and where he labours least he lives
most like the animals, for nature unsubdued
is very׳• rarely bountiful. She sends thorns
and creepers to choke the young plantations,
and the forest invades the clearing when
the planter stays his hand.”—“The Libera-
tionist,” by Harold Bindloss. A good mis-
sionary story.
Kathleen Truscott Wood, of Launceston, aged seven,
(and “ Spot," a well-known character !)
[Daughter of the Council Secretary of the W.M.A. (see p. 22), granddaughter of the Rev.
J. Truscott, and grand-niece of the Rev. Thomas Truscott, of Sierra Leone. She has
collected in 1908, £l Is. 2d.; 1909, £l 13s. Od. ; 1910, £l 7s. 7d.l

To Rev. J ©bv Moore,
Hotpe Missiop Secretary.
(Ap ©pep Letter.)
Your well-known geniality
and respect for the opinions of
your obscure and diffident brethren
have no doubt often caused you to fall
a more or less willing victim to “ The
Here is another seeking to “ hold you
with his glittering eye,” and he knows
that however harassed you may be
by the demands of a splendid but
thankless post, you will give him credit
of, at least, meaning well.
Being yourself a preacher first, and a
Secretary next, you will know how
necessary a text is, if only to start from
and get back to before announcing the
collection. My text may be found in
“ Minutes,” 1907 — “ Constitution of
Committees,” page 143.
Home Mission and Extension Committee.
Duties : “To have special supervision of all
Home Mission Stations and Aided Circuits.
To make grants in aid of such Stations and
Circuits. To undertake the work of the
U.M.F.C. Evangelistic Committee. To
make grants from the Extension or Home
Mission Funds towards the erection of new
chapels and Sunday Schools.”
I humbly hope, sir, that I am a loyal
United Methodist. As such I am anxi-
ous to believe that the Uniting Con-
ference, in its collective wisdom, was
enabled to do its work and constitute
its Committees “ without error, infirmity,
or defect.” May I confide in you, sir,
and sorrowfully admit, that, so far as
this Committee is concerned, I am beset
with doubts?
Home Mission Stations; Aided cir-
cuits; Grants from either Extension or
Home Mission Funds towards the erec-
tion of new chapels and Sunday Schools
and in the “ middle distance; ” the
work of an Evangelistic Committee!
This reminds me of the ancient story
of the wolf and the lamb—reconcilia-
tion being effected by the latter being
In the nature of things, a blend-
ing of such activities as are covered by
the functions of this Committee, seems
only possible at the price of the less
clamorous (though not necessarily
least important) being absorbed or
stultified. There are in the Connexion
140 home missions and aided circuits.
These in the Connexional year 1909-10
have taken in grants eleven thousand
pounds out of a total income, from all
sources, of, roughly speaking, twice
that amount. Seven thousand pounds
have gone to the meeting of deficiencies
consequent on unifying the funds.
Among the items of miscellaneous pay-
ments, which total over two thousand
pounds, is the significant entry, “ Evan-
gelists, one hundred and seventy
I have tried to look at the matter
from the sympathetic outsider’s point of
view. Surely to him “ home missions ”
mean primarily evangelism—getting
people to believe in Jesus, carrying
the Gospel to the lost, announcing the
good news of a Deliverer to the heathen
in England as our honoured brethren
carry the news to far-off lands. When
the outsider hears of a deficiency in the
Home Mission account, he will pro-
bably assume that our zeal for the sal-
vation of our fellows has led us into
spending seven thousand pounds more
than we had received. He does not
know that the deficit is probably
caused by including chapel building and
aiding circuits in home missionary
operations. It matters little what peo-
pie think of us; it matters a great deal
what we know about ourselves. I say
nothing derogatory of the uses to which
the money has been put. We shall not
die of a deficit of twice seven thousand
pounds, but if we, in the press of anxie-
ties as to chapel and school building,
cease to go out after the lost and sin-
stricken, we may have buildings free
of debt, free, too, of people to worship
in them.
Perhaps we as a Denomination would
(if it lay in our power) erect splendid
halls as the Wesleyans have done at

Chinese Hymn
Manchester and Nottingham and other,
places. Meanwhile I venture to sub-
mit that a greater work even than that
waits to be done, and needs no immense
capital to commence with ; a work that
need not make a single church in any
town the poorer by the loss of a single
attender at its services ; a work that
need not empty a lot of small chapels
to fill a big hall. The work I mean
would be to arrange for religious ser-
vices in districts where the churches
do not reach, using such buildings
as the neighbourhood affords, the home-
lier and the cruder the better for a be-
ginning. At these services the singing
is a big factor: simple and hearty, and
with more emphasis on the number
joining in it than the musical correct-
ness of the performance. The preach-
ing should be definite in its statement
of the love of God, the terror of His
wrath, the reality of the devil, the
need for repentance, and the power and
willingness of Jesus Christ to save with
a full, free and nresent salvation all
who truly believe in Him, the obliga-
tion of public testimony and prayer, and
the duty and privilege of all saved per-
sons to labour together with God for
the salvation of their fellows. If I
have read the history of Methodism
aright, it was in such a manner its
earlier triumphs were won, and if I
know anything of the common people
greater achievements are still to be ac-
complished among them by such a pro-
The Home Mission Committee ought
to have, working in this way, at least,
ten picked men. Say five seniors and
five probationers. 1'hey should work in
couples and be responsible only to the
H.M.C., which would find their salaries
and receive all monies they raised in
collections, etc. £1,500 a year would
do it, and, dreamer as I am, I venture
to assert that their work would soon be
I am not ignorant of the existence of
many serious difficulties in the way of
such a scheme, but the possible gain, in
my humble opinion, outweighs them all.
I know that the Gospel preached by a
man who believes it, is eagerly listened
to still. I know that honest acceptance
of Christ’s salvation still turns men from
darkness to light. I know something
of the tragedy that makes a great part
of the lives of the poor. But sadder
even than their bodily need is the
spiritual starvation in which millions in
this country are born, and sin, and
suffer, and die.
Cannot we do something, sir? I am
fain to believe that it is not a question
of men fit or willing for the task. I
think there are many in the U.M.C. not
only fitted but burning for the oppor-
tunity. It can hardly be a want of
money that stands in the way. We are
hoping that now the deficits are pro-
vided for, or, at least, taken into ac-
count, we may set ourselves to the
labour of meeting the forces of the
devil in hitherto uncontested positions.
I know that I can tell you little in
this line that you do not already know.
I believe you most sincerely yearn to
see something of the sort attempted.
The writer will pray, with you and the
Home Mission and Extension Com-
mittee, that the Lord of the harvest
“ will send labourers into His vineyard,”
and, if need be, will pray that a place
may be found on a crowded agenda for
consideration of such orders as may
come from “The Father of Lights”
touching this matter.—Believe me,
yours respectfully,
J. Tunnacliffe Shaw.
Cbipcsc Hyipp.
Translated by the Rev. S. POLLARD.
“ There were ninety and nine." Sankey’s Tunc.
Yew jew cher jew meen wo an ling
Tung teh yang pung hoo bee
Dan yea ee cher too tsai shan ling
Yane ee gin mun shang lee
Too tsai shan ling woo tsow yea dee
Woo yew lang moo qwan lee i ching.
Fan bee shoo jeh woo ee show teh
Choo tso gee shen cher shway
Soh koh cher yea boo cher gee heh
Tsai chow wang yang er qway
Bee tsai yea wigh choo ting i ming
Bing loo woo kow chang sir ching shing.
“Tsai,” “i,” and “wigh,” rhyme with
“high.” “Ling,” “ching,” “ting,” “ming,”
“shing,” and “bing,” rhyme with “win.”
“Shway,” rhymes with “way.”

The Watchtower. the editor.
lE have received the tidings that
the Rev. John Hedley has
been called to mourn the loss
of his mother, who passed away on
January nth, after thirty-three years
of widowhood. The letter previous to
this intimation recorded the fact of her
serious illness, and the son’s wish that
he could be by her side. This was not
to be. And with her missionary son
far away the dear soul has passed into
the better land. This is one of the
penalties of our brethren. We accord
to him our deepest sympathy.
Dr. Samuel Macfarlane, of the New
Guinea L.M.S. Mission, has passed
away at Southport, aged seventy-four.
He was one of the noble group which
included James Chalmers and W. G.
Mr. Liang Fah Ch'ee. [Photo: Rev. H. Parsons.
Lawes, and now he has followed them
to their rest. He joined the mission in
1859, and gave to it twenty-eight years,
of “ exceptionally-arduous and exciting
work.” He has left us in “ The Story
of the Lifu Mission ” a graphic account
of the work of a pioneer missionary in
a very dark land. We have had this
honoured name in our records. Samuel
Macfarlane (U.M.F.C.) after a long
and honoured ministry in England and
New Zealand, died in the colony, June
25th, 1898.
What is known all over the world as
the A.B.C.F.M., otherwise the Ameri-
can Board of Commissioners for Foreign
Missions, was founded in 1810, and has•
therefore just celebrated its centenary.
As the L.M.S. in Britain, it is the out-
let for the humane sympathies of the
Congregationalists. The Board is the
oldest and one of the most successful
of the American societies. The first
five missionaries sent out included
Adoniram Judson. As a centenary
memorial an endowment fund is being
raised for the higher educational insti-
tutions of the Board, and it is expected
it will reach at least two million dollars
(;£400,000). Dr. Wardlaw Thompson
of the L.M.S.. crossed the Atlantic to
express in person the greetings of his
Through the kindly help of the Rev.
H. Parsons we are able to show the
photograph of Liang Fah Ch’ee, one
of our preachers who was recently mar-
ried at Chao Tong, a report of which,
from the pen of the Rev. C. E. Hicks,
appeared in the “ United Methodist ”
for February 9th.
“ His wife is the sister of Mr. John
Li, our senior Chinese preacher. She
and her sister, who is now the wife of
the preacher among the Nosu, were the
first girls in Chao Tong to unbind their
feet. . . . Needless to say one felt
a peculiar interest in beseeching the
blessing of our living Lord upon these
two heroes of the Christian life. The
lives of my wife and myself have been
wrapped up in theirs for the past
thirteen years.”

The Watchtower
We have received a copy of the pro-
gramme of the District meeting referred
to by Mr. Stedeford in his “Notes,”
and a very comprehensive one it is. We
note it is the fifty-first annual meeting
in connection with the mission, so with
great quietness we have allowed the
jubilee of this mission to pass over.
What shall we do to celebrate the
founding of our East African Mission?
It was in 1861 that the four young men,
of whom Thomas Wakefield was one,
sailed, with Dr. Krapf (C.M.S.) as their
leader, to what was then a little-known
land. It may be said that “ Meru ” is
the jubilee signal. Shall this year see
the enthusiastic founding of that im-
portant branch of our work? It is for
the Church to say. In the meantime
we draw attention to our competition
for this month, and hope it will be re-
garded as a worthy and serious task.
An African Marigold.
[With acknowledgments to the Editor of
" The Agricultural Economist and Horti-
cultural Review" E. O. Greening, Esq.
Our good friend arrived home (Nor-
ham, Orwell Park, Rathgar, co. Dublin)
on March 7th. We give him hearty
welcome. He is at once entering upon
further medical studies, and we await
developments in great hope.
We have been delighted to receive
a letter from a young friend in Liver-
pool—Lucy Martin Laver—aged four-
teen. She has composed a very com-
mendable set of verses to recite at a
junior C.E. missionary meeting. We
have read them with pleasure. Natur-
ally she is a collector, too, and last
year her amount was 17s. iod. She has
been busy thus for six years, and each
year has “ got a little more in her box.”
Our readers will follow the accounts
in the daily newspapers with deep sym-
pathy, and pray for our brethren and
sisters. Reference will be found in Mr.
Stedeford’s “ Notes,” and we have asked
Dr. Savin to write us a short article,
which is unfortunately crowded out
this month.
We deplore the sudden death of
Arthur Jackson, B.A., M.B., Ch.B.
Cantab., D.T.M., who passed away at
his post of duty while ministering to
sufferers from the plague. He was
twenty-six years of age, and arrived in
Mukden only last November. Lie re-
presented the United Free Church of
It is stated that Mrs. Jackson, of
Birkenhead, mother of Dr. Jackson,
has received £2,000 from the Chinese
Viceroy, and that she immediately pre-
sented it to the Mukden Medical Col-
lege, in memory of her lamented son.
The Quarterly Paper of the Edin-
burgh Medical Missionary Society has,
in its last issue, copied in full (with due
acknowledgment) the article by Dr.
Baxter on “ Hospital Work at Chu
Chia,” which appeared in our columns
for November.

“Ipasn?ucb as ye
did it NOT.”
SOME days something happens to
cheer up one splendidly. Now
and again a word is dropped
which gives you an insight into the
hearts of the converts, and you see that
the same Jesus who saves you. is saving
This morning a man came in with a
letter from “ Thomas ” one of our Miao
preachers who is in charge of a difficult
work about twenty miles from here. He
has a lot of hard matters to settle, and
was evidently feeling a bit down. He
told the man who brought the letter to
say that he was feeling lonely and
downhearted, and wanted very much a
letter of cheer and comfort from the
missionary. When the man left him,
Thomas said: “ Go quickly and return
quickly.” I sympathize with Thomas
for I have been like he has many a time.
I wrote the letter, of comfort, and I
hope that when Thomas gets it the
“ blues ” will disappear. It is nice to
see a native taking the work so to heart
that the sins of others make him lonely
and downhearted.
This evening we had a nice number
to our meeting. The subject was
Lazarus and the problem of disease and
death was discussed. Many answers
were given to my questions. None of
them were very striking until I turned
to the wife of one of our preachers, and
said: “ You lost your little boy some
time ago. Why is it I have not seen
you angry with God like some others
are ? ” She blushed a little as I ad-
dressed her so plainly, and then she
said : “ I know that God can never make
a mistake in His actions.” The trust-
ful smile on her face showed that she
meant what she said. I wish I always
had that sweet trustful faith. Jesus has
made himself known to that heart.
Sweet, gentle, loving Jesus!
This afternoon I rode about fifteen
miles on Brother Hudspeth’s pony.
Yesterday at the service I missed one of
my little friends whose name is “ Pre-
cious Happiness.” I asked for her, and
was told with great seriousness that she
was home ill with the “ black disease.”
By tl>e Rev.
The “ black disease ” is the Miao name
for enteric fever, and the people are
more afraid of this than of any other
disease. So many of them die every
year from “ black disease.” Precious.
Happiness comes from a family where
the father and most of the others are
still heathen. She was a pretty littleâ– 
girl of ten years when I first knew her,
and we soon got very friendly. With
other children she came reguarly to
service, studied her books and was.
baptized. We tried very hard to win
her parents, but with no success.
Returning from furlough I found my'
little friend grown up and now and
again I heard that she was not living
as a Christian should. If you knew her
home and what Miao heathenism means
you would not marvel. I try never to
let one of these young folk go if possi-
ble, so we stuck to Precious Happi-
ness praying and hoping that she
would learn to love Jesus with all her
The sun was shining beautifully as•
I went on my journey. This glorious
weather among the great hills, 7,000â– 
feet above the sea, makes one feel very
happy. It was easy to sing aloud as one-
went along. I left my pony outside
the village and went on alone.
Presently I found Precious Happi-
ness’s home, and went in by invitation
of the father. I said “ home,” but you
never find a home like this in the worst
slums of London. It gives me the hor-
rors to think of it. A poor rough hovel
with no windows and only a door of a
few sticks tied together. Through the
back wall I could plainly see the dogs
who were fighting outside. There were
no chairs or tables. I sat on one of
two small stools. Where was the
patient suffering from this dreaded
black disease? Just inside the door-
way, lying on the hard mud floor with
just a coarse rough mat to make the
floor soft, was Precious Happiness.
There was no bedding at all. A few
weeks ago the mother died. Then the
brother fell ill with the much-feared
disease. Precious Happiness nursed

National Expenditure
him for a month. He got well, and now
she is very ill. Poor girl! It makes me
awfully bad when I think of her and all
such. No one had washed her face
since she had been ill. Her hands were
as black as a collier’s. There were no
signs of medicine anywhere. A coarse
basin of water with a wooden spoon in
it was by her head. Her pillow was a
slanting board with one of her garments
on it.
Enteric fever! Black disease! Mud
floor! No bedding! A board for pil-
low! This for a beautiful young girl
of sixteen. A member also of your
United Methodist Church 1
The poor girl’s home is in the pro-
vince of Kweichow where Stone Gate-
way lies. This province is as large as
Great Britain, has seven millions of
people, and not one missionary doctor
in the whole province!
You fathers and mothers! Were it
your daughter ill with this fever what
would you do? Would you give her a
mud floor to lie on; and a board for a
pillow ; and no white sheets at all; and
her feet near the open door where the
pig roots and grunts ? Don’t you think
you would like a doctor to be some-
where near you ? In your hour of
trouble you have everything at hand
that can be got. Even the poorest in
London have many brave doctors and
nurses and beautifully-equipped hospi-
tals at their disposal and thousands of
ministers and missionaries only too
willing to love and help. There are
more people in Kweichow than in the
whole of London, and not one properly-
equipped ,doctor in the whole province.
One cannot write all that he feels.
If I did you would say: “He is mad.
He has Miao on the brain.” Miao on
the brain! Jesus Christ has Miao right
square in the centre of His heart.
She had not anything to wipe the
perspiration off her face except her
clothing. I took out the only handker-
chief I had, and gave it to her. It was a
cheap travelling handkerchief. I wish
it had been a beautiful soft silk one.
She seemed so grateful for the foot and
a half square of common cloth.
Presently we prayed together, and I
told Jesus all about her which He knew
already. Then we said good-bye to
each other, and I came away. I am
sure the Master stayed behind.
Perhaps she will get better. I have
known so many of them die of this
terrible fever. If Precious Happiness
were your child, What would you do for
her? Why should you not do just as
much now ? Cannot you hear Him
speaking to you about it, and saying
that beautiful, awful word “ Inasmuch ” ?
l)pt© tl>e Hills. ps. 121.
I LIFT mine eyes to Thy high hills, O God,
To seek the strength they give :
The patience of their mighty lives
Can teach me how to live.
I lift mine eyes to Thy calm hills, O God,
And passionately pray
I may go on with dauntless heart
To face the darkening day.
I lift mine eyes to Thy dark hills, O God,
When lo, there breaks a light,
The eternal promise of Thy law :
“Fear not, day follows night.”
I lift mine eyes to Thy great hills, O God,
And through the clouds above,
I clearly see Thy wondrous hand,
That guides in changeless love.
H.—“Westminster Gazette.”
National Expenditure.
This country has now fifty thousand pri-
vate motor cars, twenty-five thousand taxi-
cabs and motor omnibuses, and three thou-
sand less armorial bearings. In the last
year the sale of playing-cards has increased
to the extent of more than ;£10,000. Mr.
Henry Leach, writing in “Chambers’s Jour-
nal,” gets these facts from the Commis-
sioners of Customs and Excise. He then
says: “ I would give back to Somerset
House a very large bundle of its best statis-
tics if it could give me in exchange for
them one small table which would show
the' number of hours given bv men and
women of brain-capacitv and intelligence
that are absolutely thrown away, cast un-
used upon the rubbish-heap of time, through
cards alone.”

Mobarmpcdapisn? ip
tl?e Light of
Recept Developipepts.
By tbc Rev.
III.—A Dream and its
(TV T a great crisis in the history of
the people of God in Old Testa-
Ö¾* ment times, the divinely-chosen
deader crept down to the camp of the
enemy, and, there hiding in the dark-
ness, overheard what afforded him great
encouragement in the arduous and
hazardous enterprise he had on hand.
“Behold,” said one man to another in his
hearing, “ I dreamed a dream, and lo, a
cake of barley bread tumbled into the host
of Midian, and came unto a tent, and smote
it that it fell, and overturned it, that the
tent lay along. And his fellow answered,
and said, This is nothing else save the
sword of Gideon the son of Joash, a man
of Israel, for into his hand hath God de-
livered Midian and all the host. And it was
so, when Gideon heard the telling of the
dream and the interpretation thereof, that
he worshipped and returned unto the host
of Israel, and said, Arise; for the Lord hath
delivered into your hands the host of
And so the event proved.
Something like that has been
experienced by the leaders of
the Christian host in relation to
that Mohammedan difficulty
which, as we have seen, is with
reason regarded as the greatest
obstacle to the progress of the
Kingdom of Christ. The leaders
of Mohammedanism have been
having evil dreams, dreams not
of the night, but of the day.
Their communings have been
overheard by Christian ears.
Conferences have been held by
them to consider the situation,
notably at Mecca in 1899, and in
Cairo in 1907. Many of those
leaders it appears are uneasy,
and conscious of failure. They
realize that much of the ancient
glory has departed from their
communion; that the hated in-
fidel has won his way to do-
minion; that Moslem powers do
not count for much in world
politics; and that Mohammedan
peoples are bound to be left
farther behind still, if the new
knowledge, which makes for
progress, is disdained and rejected.
Hence the holding of Conferences, the
members of which represented Turkey,
Arabia, Egypt, Tunis, Persia, Afghan-
istan, Russia, India, and China. The
minutes of the Conference at Mecca,
reported by Professor Margoliouth in
the “ East and the West,” October,
1907, g^e “ Mohammedan Explanations
of the Failure of Mohammedanism.”
Fifty-six causes of declension, religi-
ous, social and political are enumerated.
Some of these causes are: the doctrines
of fatalism and asceticism, lack of in-
tellectual and religious liberty, discour-
agement of learning, absolute and irres-
ponsible government, prohibition of
tree speech, the ignorance of women,
social disparity in marriage.” The in-
dictment is formidable enough. “ The
conviction is coming to the Mohamme-
dan world, has indeed come to parts of
it, that the Christian forces are the pro-
gressive ones, and that they will hold
The New Sultan of Turkey.

Mohammedanism in the Light of Recent Developments
the future unless Mohammedanism can
prove itself a worthy rival. If anything
can give encouragement to the Chris-
tian host at such a time as this it should
surely be that at the heart of the Mo-
hammedan world there are these mis-
givings—that the leaders are having
these ugly dreams. A man of the type
of Gideon would be moved to worship,
and then would say to his friends:
“ Arise, for the Lord hath delivered
into your hands the hosts of Moham-
Equally encouraging is the fact that
strenuous efforts are being made to
effect reforms in Mohammedanism in
order to enable it to hold its own in this
modern world. Of these efforts an
article on “ Moslems in Russia ” in the
“Moslem World” for January, 1911,
supplies an illustration:—
In order to make Islam more acceptable
to men acquainted with European learning
a tendency to rationalize Islam is develop-
ing in the Russian Moslem world. The
Moslems of Russia contend energetically,
that Islam does not prevent the development
of science, and that the present immobility
of Islam is only a temporary condition
which does not characterize Islam in itself
any more than the Catholic superstitions,
the inquisition and the stake of the Middle
Ages characterize real Christianity. A num-
her of writers work in that direction. At
the head of them stands Ahmet Agaeff, who
writes in the Moslem newspapers edited in
the Russian language at Baku. Recently
Agaeff has become a Turkish subject, and
has been named inspector of primary schools
in Constantinople.
Similarly, in India great efforts are
being made to establish a Mohammedan
University to enable Mohammedans to
compete with the enlightenment of
Christians. To all such efforts Chris-
tians may well wish success, in the be-
lief that though they may for the
moment arrest the advancing tide of
Christian progress, it can only be for
a time, and eventually they will be
found to have prepared the way for
For compeer with Christianity Mo-
hammedanism can never be. Its bad
treatment of women is its utter con-
demnation everywhere, and it seems in-
separable from the system. Mr. Stan-
ley Poole tells us that the degradation
of woman, from early childhood on-
wards, is a canker which has eaten into
the whole system of Islam. The testi-
mony of Lord Cromer and others is toâ– 
the same effect. The system is a blight.
The Bazaar at Salonica. (This is the place alluded to in the New Testament as Thessalonica.)

Mohammedanism in the Light of Recent Developments
T here is no redemption for woman, no
sure hope for childhood, no self-realiza-
tion for man ; and, therefore, no racial
promise in Mohammedism.” It differs
from Christianity in this : that, as Chris-
tianity reforms it is only coming to it-
self. The purer it becomes, the truer it
is to its origin and source. But when
Mohammedanism attempts to reform
and really succeeds it will be Moham-
medanism no longer. Mrs. Cams
Wilson has told us that:—
Some Moslems, recognizing lately that
their prophet’s biography is painfully con-
nected with many of the worst features of
his system, have actually attacked the ques-
tion of getting rid of his name, and having
Islam without Mohammed.
Contrast with this the testimony of an
Indian Christian professor who writes:
As to the things which have the greatest
appeal, the character of Christ is the first
thing. It is wonderful to think how tacitly
the grandeur of this character is admitted
on all hands : His meekness, purity, selfless-
ness, and forgiving spirit. The quarrel is
with Christians and Christianity not with
Exactly. As the light grows Mohammed
dwindles, Christ becomes enthroned.
Recent events in Turkey have shown
the path by which the Christian hosts
may move to victory. Education has
accomplished much. Robert College,
and other similar institutions, have done
exploits. Hitherto., education in Tur-
key has reached only the more or less
privileged classes. If that universal
education, which has been decreed, and
for which as we have seen the people
are eagerly seeking, can be made a
reality, Mohammedanism will perish
without hand. Of that there can be
no doubt. All this seems obvious
enough now, but it is not long since it
would have been earnestly if not bitterly
Medical missions have already done
so much in and for the Mohammedan
world that all agree that there is no
more powerful agency. Dr. Mott has
expressed the opinion that Turkey could
almost be won by this one method
alone. Volume after volume has testi-
lied to its value. One of the latest of
these says that, “ it is without doubt
the golden key that unlocks the door of
the heart of the most fanatical Moslem,
be he Persian, Arab, Kurd, or Yezedee
(devil worshipper).”
That evangelism should be inter-
woven with, and dominate educational
and medical and industrial activities,
and must always be the leading note,
the inspiring spirit in all missionary en-
terprise, in this Magazine happily goes
without saying.
But what special interest have United
Methodists in all this, that articles of
this nature should be obtruded upon their
attention in the Connexional Mission-
ary Magazine? To some extent the
question has already been answered in
a former article by the reference to
educational mission work in China and
its possible effects. A further and con-
eluding article next month will answer
the question more fully, and will show
that our Connexional interest in Mo-
hammedanism is very great indeed.
“ Let him that readeth understand,”
and through these pages he will see,
it is hoped, “ the pillar of fire ” leading
the way to a great Connexional ad-
The Call of Cathay. By Rev. W. A.
Cornaby. (W.M.M.S. Is. 6d. net.) A
Wesleyan Study Text Book.
The Wesleyans are strong enough to stand
alone! There is this additional justification
that the three books, of which this is the
first, are being issued in connection with
their Missionary Centenary, with which we
all deeply sympathize. A glorious hundred
years! “ O may we triumph so! ” We do !
Proportionately we share the service and
shall have the Master’s praise. We shall
celebrate a centenary soon ! We have onlv
to wait till 1938! Some of the young men
now praying about offering for East Africa
will be back from the field, and ready to
share the spoils of victory—precious souls
won for Jesus.
"Phis book is purely about missions of the
W.M.M.S., and rightly so, and their work
in China only. As such it is interesting to
others of fellow-feeling, and we shall
look eagerly for the other two volumes. It
is a thrilling story, and is well told by Mr.
Cornaby, assisted by the Revs. S. G. Tope,
G. A. Clayton, and E. C. Cooper—all mis-
sionaries at present in China. Hence the
book, and the teeming facts therein, are up
to date. J. E. S.