Missionary echo of the Methodist Church

Material Information

Missionary echo of the Methodist Church
Abbreviated Title:
Missionary echo
Methodist Church (Great Britain) ( Author, Primary )
Place of Publication:
Andrew Crombie
Henry Hooks
Physical Description:
volume ; 31 cm


Subjects / Keywords:
Methodist Church (Great Britain) -- Missions -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
Methodist Church (Great Britain) ( LCNAF )
Missions, British -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
Missions, British ( LCSH )
Missions -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
衛理公會(英國) -- 宣教 -- 期刊
英國傳教士 -- 期刊
任務 -- 期刊
卫理公会(英国) -- 宣教 -- 期刊
英国传教士 -- 期刊
任务 -- 期刊
serial ( sobekcm )
Temporal Coverage:
1893 -
Spatial Coverage:
Europe -- United Kingdom -- England -- Greater London -- London
Asia -- China
Asia -- India
Africa -- British Africa
North America -- Caribbean
歐洲 -- 英國 -- 英格蘭 -- 大倫敦 -- 倫敦
亞洲 -- 中國
亞洲 -- 印度
非洲 -- 英屬非洲
北美 -- 加勒比海
欧洲 -- 英国 -- 英格兰 -- 大伦敦 -- 伦敦
亚洲 -- 中国
亚洲 -- 印度
非洲 -- 英属非洲
北美 -- 加勒比海
51.507222 x -0.1275
35 x 103
21 x 78
18.18 x -77.4
-8.7832 x 34.5085


General Note:
Catalogued from volumes 3 (1896) and 31 (1924)
General Note:
Title from cover and index
General Note:
VIAF (name authority) : Methodist Church (Great Britain) : URI

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS University of London
Holding Location:
SOAS University of London
Rights Management:
This item is licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution, Non-Commercial License. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this work non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms.
Resource Identifier:
123988723 ( OCLC )


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Full Text
fo nine





| United Methodist Church




| Rev. A. E, J. COSSON



| 1928, |
| Bat AE aN |
| |
| . |
| “The missionary spirit, as I understand it, is a passion to

| spread some knowledge that is possessed; it is a welling-up

| within the soul of a desire to communicate something which

| has proved to be of value to oneself; it is seeking out for

| others who may become sharers of what we have come to

: regard as good news.’’—Dr. HENRY T. HopGKIn.






Gee a

CHINA. Tree Worship among Miao. Rev. W. H.

; “ . 7 9) Dog Pp -PHakac Hudspeth ... vee vee vee we 91

: “Golden eorthe _ a R.. Heber 37 Up country again Rey. K. W. May... 181

; A new and greater China tee w. 41

i China and the English-speaking people. .

SS Rev. G. W. Sheppard ... wee ... 129 EAST AFRICA,

Christ of the Chinese Road, The. Rev. . Discovery of the African 7 147

; J. E. Mackintosh aes wee ve OL oy ° Tider

: Fish stories from China ... = .. 38 Hoping Wilderness, A. Rev. A. J. 164

ie Leper doctor of Hangchow. Lady Hosi 2 * ty tt a ay 7

SN Ecpers in China—a contrast . _ 137 inaystrial training at Meru. Mr. H. 8

2 Kenya. Rev. R. T. Worthington ... 44

. 1 ~ T Rebound for Africa. Rev. R.. T.

: NORTH . CHINA, Worthington vee see eo ... 193

aR At a Shantung Inn. Rev. H. T. Cook 57 Ribe says Good-bye. Rev. A. J. Hop-

: Chinese Mission School from within. kins te tee tee see w- 105

. Rev. H. T. Cook wet wes ... 189

x Craddock, Dr. and Mrs. F. R. w. 282

Si ind, Rev. John. Rev. J. K. Robson, io WEST AFRICA.

: Letter from Rev. W. Eddon _... .. 157 Advance in Mendeland. Mr. J. B.

Rejoicings in North China. Prin. Johnson tee vee tee wee 15

. : H. S. Redfern ... ae _.. 86 First Impressions of Mendeland. Rev.

s | Tongshan College. Prin. H. S. Red- A. C. Lamb tee see tee we. 24

: fern ay: we he wal ... 141. Letter to British boys and girls. Rev.

: | Tongshan’s great future. Prin. H. S. E. Cocker wee se oe . 54
| Redfern... a 2s oe ... 69 Mendeland = silhouettes. Rev. A. C.
| Turner, Miss Annie J. ... ves wee 115 Lamb. tee tee tee see .. 67
Widower of Tientsin, The. Lady Hosie 21 Mission field of fine opportunity, A. Rev.

; E. Cocker Lee tes eee . 121
| Off to Africa Again. Rev. E. Cocker... 223
SOUTH-EAST CHINA. . Prospecting in Mendeland. Rev. A. C.
Lamb wee ao vee wie ... 186

= | Councillor Railton Yuan. Rev. J. W. Visit to two new stations. Mr. F. A. J.
| Heywood wee ack Lee ... 209 Utting S53 wee wis vee ... 201
| Ladies’ Social Service... wes ... 84 Wonderful Mass Movement, A ... w. 46

Leaders from Ningpo a vee .. 11.
Message from Wenchow District Meet-
| ing bas or wee woh .. 170
| Village Christians of Chekiang. Rev. HOME AND GENERAL.
. 7 + 9
We Stable: ux — - 22+. 208 Areas unclaimed for Christ wa w. 72
Beginning at Jerusalem. Rey. J. A.
| TH AWES SET TN Thompson we _ vhs we 76
| SOU WEST CHIN Call to Prayer, A wee oe ... 216 Se
Chinawards Again. Rev. F. W. Cottrell 220 Christian World Mission. Rev. W.
Chinese Pastor’s letter, A. Rev. W. H. Paton re oa oe wee 11, 50
Hudspeth ... bei in ee ... 80 Conference Missionary Day. Rev.
Do it a second time. By R. H. Golds- Walter Hall ae co we .. 161
worthy oi8 ts Les wee ... 177 Editor’s Notes 12, 35, 52, 74, 89, 117,
London to Yunnan-fu. Rev. W. H. 132, 172, 191, 210, 230
Hudspeth a ons ee .. 196 Gill, Mr T. Rev. F. J. Lindley vee OS
Marriage of Rev. K. W. May and Miss Giving to Missions wes wes ... 213
C. Dymond oe ves ... 200 Grist, Rev. W. Alex. Rev.. C. G.
Men of Note in Yunnan. Rev. W. H. Hawken _... an ae oes ... 169
Hudspeth is fee og ... 221. Intercession for new Connexional year.. 178
| “Pearly skies’? in Yunnan. Rev. K. W. International Conference at Jerusalem
May bales seat es os ue ope 29 112, 184, 148
Some thoughts on leaving for W. China. Lepers are cleansed, The eas .. 63
Rev. W. H. Hudspeth ... wo ... 151. London Meetings, The ... ode ... 101

Mission House, From the Rev. C. Incense burner’s temple... vee we. 22
Stedeford 6, 27, 42, 64, 84, 108, 125, Map of China vee tee ee 1B
145 Women lepers of Hangchow ... 3, 63
Missionary Socials Lee vee ... 107
National Laymen’s Movement ... w. 49
New Missionaries : NORTH CHINA. /

D pry " ins BF

Ne & A peminsen 7 " ” ine Ancient and Modern Shipping... _ re

Miss D. V. Coombs... ea ... 176 Puente none ms ae nts 70

Nise 7 a ~ - ies Road to Chu Chia ... Les we w. 61

ee cy Be Staff of Peking Medical College ww. 41
On Seeing a Piece of Chinese Em- Taoist Monks i a _.. 159

broidery. Rev. L. H. Court .. 286 Tientsin District Meeting oo, ... 87
Our Forward Movement ... bes ..- 208 Tongshan College ",..84, 142, 189, 190
President’s Message. Rev. R. Pyke... 1 Tongshan College teachers and students
Reminiscences of furlough. Miss E. L. : . 29, 141, 143

Armitt te vee te tee .. 217 Victory Celebrations, Tongshan ... 280
Recollections of a letter read long ago. . .

Rey. T. Shawcross wee eis .. 18
Some call it Medical Missions and others SA Der ;

call it God We ae seg «| SOUTH-EAST CHINA.

Some things Missionaries have accom- Member of Bible School ... - 59

plished “ie ne os te --. £3 Wenchow District Meeting or .. 171
Stedeford, Rev. C. Mr. G. P. Dymond 127 — Women’s School, Ningpo 19
Students’ Missionary demonstration. : °

Mr. R. J. Hall... Le one we 95
Successful ‘collectors wee 36, 120, 124 ore .

Watch-Tower, From the Rev. W. A. SOUTH-WEST CHINA.

Grist ve 166, 184, 204, 2260 Blind girls o.oo ewe ey 198
What prayer will do of oo -» 220 Chao Tong Schoolhouse ... i ... 219 :
What our Missionaries say wee -» 20 Chao Tons market aS a . 210
W.M.A. 17, 39, 59, 79, 99, 119, 188, x Crowd at Stonegateway ts oy ... 207
3 : 158, 179, 198, 218, 233 Lepers at Stonegateway ... “3 .. 64
Year of. prayer for missions, A. Rev. Miao veterans Bes es 92, 93

W. F. Newsam wit te + 82 Saéred tree ... ves a2 wd w 94

Up-country in Yunnan 181, 182, 183, 184
7 - 2,

BOOKS REVIEWED. Yunnan teacher as i See ... 219
“A History of China”... i ee Bb
“Kenya from within”... we w. 44 A 3 !

“World Service”... bee ves we. 62 BAST SERICS:

“A Mind for the Kingdom” _... ... 75 Christian women, Mazeras ar we 45
“The Christ of the Congo River” .... 97 Plantation at Ribe ves i ... 105
“Daughters of India’ ... ue ... 100 Preparing a feast ee oi ... 89
“China and England” _... .. 118, 174 Ribe girls... ae Ses oe .- 106
“The Seven Lamps of Preaching” ... 132. Ribe household aos oe By w. 185
“What the East is thinking” ... ... 185 Woman carrying water ... oe ... 147
“Enter China”... be so ... 136 Woman hoeing ... oe ie ... 84
“Roads to City of God”... iA ... 158 Workshop, Meru... we wee B8
“The Grace of God and a _ World

Religion ”’ v8 sea oe waar LBB

“Expansion of Islam”... wes ... 156 WEST AFRICA.
“Story of the Miao ” os ves ... 160 :
“The Glory of the Garden”... ... 203 Bandajuma Group Pe a Ls. 228
“Brighter Skies” ... ti oe. ... 207. Bo Church... $e oe a wa 25
“Sam Pollard ” wt @: we ... 211 Bo, street in wes is es ... 122
“A Crusader in Kashmir ”’ ke ... 212 Bo, Conference at ... ar we .. 50
~ “Trail Blazers and Road Makers” ... 218 Bo, future members of ... ves .. 66
Freetown beach a ee wes ».. 16
Freetown, Congo Town bay of .» 124
ILLUSTRATIONS. Freetown Mission house ... es we 24
Futa ... vee wee res ... 201, 202

CHINA, Gbangemma Compound ... mS 202
Chinese lady on pilgrimage oe ... 21 God’s Acre ... és vee vee ... 68
Chinese passenger cart ... a3 ... 180 Levuma, Agent’s house ... ot +e eh23
Grinding at Mill ... ae an ... 227 Levuma railway station... ate ... 186

: Mende boys ... we vee wee .. 67 Groups:
Prophet Harris bes vee Lee we AT
Strolling players Lee ves we 65 Conference ves bee wes ... 166
Village congregation, Ivory coast .. 48 Hall Road, Leeds wee wee we. 215
Women at Tikonko tee wee ... 187 Manchester College wes wee .. 96
Seven Kings _... tee vee vee 182
PALESTINE. Woodseats, Sheffield... Lee .. 216
en .. . Hicks, Rev. C. E. wee ves ... 104
Ss Arriving at hospital wee bee . 81 Hinds, Rev. J. _ . 110
; Jerusalem Council delegates 112, 118, 149 Howe, Rev. R. A. “ “ _ "168
: Lake of Gennesaret vee ne .. 184 Hudspeth, Rev. and Mrs. W. H. ... 151
S Victoria Hospital... a ++ 820 Johnson, Mr. J. B. ... wes vee we 15
. ae Kenning, Mr. G. see wee ... 103
x PORTRAITS. Lee, Rev. John... -_ vee w. 221 2
x Armitt, Miss E. L. wee wee ... 173. May, Rev. and Mrs. K. W. .. 199, 200
Beer, Miss C. A. ... aes ste .. 176 Perriman, Roy wee a vee ... 120
x Callington, Mary ... ves vee .. 165 Pyke, Rev. R. wes Lee vee 1, 103
= Cocker, Rev. E. ... a 55, 121, 167 Railton Yuan, Councillor vee ... 209
‘ Coombs, Miss D. V. ne i ... 176 Sheppard, Rev. G. W. ... _ ... 129
; Craddock, Dr. and Mrs. F. R. ... 232 Shrubsall, Mr. G. Lee vee .. LOL
» Davies, Mrs. tee ses wee ... 214 . Smith, Nurse A. GS... wee ... 195
S Davies, Mr. and Rev. A. R. Balman ... 214 Stedeford, Rev. C. ves wee ... 127
. Ding Ngoe ... i. vee vee ... 206 Stedeford, Dr. and Mrs. E. T. A, 2388, 285
: Dymond, Miss R. ... wi vee ... 195 Tomlinson, Rev. A. H. ... wee .. 83
Dzing, Mrs. and Alan Conibear ... 89 Turner, Miss A. J. Lee .. 115, 116
eo Evans, Rev. A. H. wee vee ... 168. Warren, Mrs. E. G. ve re .. 17
BS Faulkner, Rev. W. H. ... ... 102 Watts, Miss D. vee Lee i .. 215
: Firmage, R. H. ... re tee ... B86 Weddell, Mr. H. E. cas wee .. 161
he . Gill, Mr. T. ... vee wee aes ... 73 Worthington, Rev. and Mrs. R. T. 198, 194
: Grist, Rev. W. A. ... vee i .. 169 Yang, Mrs. ... tee oe wee .. 40
ia fe se fo
| |
| Our Forward
| M t Begin to Give Now.
| ovemenit.
\ There are two ways of increasing our missionary income. One is by adding something to
: | the usual contribution; the other is by getting new subscribers. If all ministers, mission secre-
taries, W.M.A. workers and interested friends make earnest efforts in both directions the de-
| sired result is certain.
We know that for many people the times are hard. They would give more if they could,
| but they cannot. Some, indeed, may be compelled by their circumstances to give less. But
| happily, all are not out of work; all are not in straitened circumstances, and these will be willing
| for the most part to add something to their gift, if approached in the right way.
But why should not ai// our people have a direct share in the great work of spreading the
Gospel throughout the world? Interest in missions, at home and overseas, is a test of our con-
viction concerning our religious beliefs. Do we believe the world needs Christianity? If we
answer ‘‘yes’’— and can a Christian give any other answer ? —then we must support the miss-
ionary cause.
Will our friends begin to give now? Will they put something aside now? We cannot re-
trench. We are pledged to go forward. We have committed ourselves toadvance. We must
| not fail those in China and Africa who have given up so much for Christ's sake, nor the millions
n those lands who, through us, may come from darkness into light.

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“Come, cheer your souls, your fears forget; this suffering
wiil yield us yet a pleasant tale to tell.”’ —VIRGIL.
The President’s Rev. R. PYKE.
Message. |
ERHAPS of all the words we have Christ, and a Crown without the Cross.
[ worn threadbare, “problems” is the Our missionaries are ambassadors for
most shabby and best entitled to a Christ. They are the heralds of cer- :
rest. It is a sign to be taken account of, tainty. They come back to us. from the
that we find a problem wherever we turn. black and pagan fields, with a radiance
An age of faith is an age of certainty, and born of faith. They know what is gold
problems then only emerge shyly. We and what is clay. They know the utmost
have come to be proud of our uncertain- reaches of vice, and the paralysing power
ties, and spend much of our time in of spiritual darkness. In this, among
speculating on the next war, or the end eid Se
of the world. All kinds of cults flourish ),iNNeINNGI esse gm
in such an atmosphere. The raw stuff oo a :
called Science, and-the fumblings digni- Se Ya pane
fied by the name of Philosophy are the —_— & ae j 4
material which the untaught use to [y= a ae cee
fashion a new religion. We are beset y : oe pa
with all kinds of new Gospels—not one #3 | SZ aegis
of them could flourish for an hour if aes ee pee .
they were brought into God’s sunshine. ee) eae ee cee
To many, the Cross is an, unattractive Bees PS 4 wR PES
symbol ; repentance an unpleasant creed ; ll ee
and salvation by grace is repudiated. “= = as ee
There is a great interest taken in reli- [> ge
gion; but it is either on the one hand an [5 g oN : Cae Ree.
easy-going religion, or on the other it i “yiiecadl ee
caters for the conceit of people who have [| QU 0
no knowledge of history, and know [Rg ) ee
nothing of the New Testament as a [RR tGslsss sass: \giisaicneuiecmes ea
How this affects and challenges our Py wae Be
missions I cannot say. It is pleasant, [= 3 3m
at any rate, to contemplate men and fee) gies
women who have flung far from them > jesse ie tens
the speculations and experiments of ‘|jiiiieeaemaeeeeme ee :
people who want Christianity without — Rev. R. Pyke. se gee z
January 1928,

The Leper Doctor of Hangchow
other ways, they react for good upon the They know more than we do of China ;
Church at home. If we support them as they know even more than the news-
they wrestle, they in turn quicken our papers! And they are serene, unhalting,
faith. Our Church would be shorn of dauntless.
: all its glory and half its power if it were Let us pray that God will open the
ie not for our mission fields. way for them to take up their tasks again
= We have tried to appreciate what is soon; and meanwhile how inspiring it is
re happening in China. It is only a glimpse _ to know that the Church in China shines
SS here and there we get of what is taking on, amid the wrecks of war, and the
place ; and the mind of the Chinaman is tumult of an ungoverned people. That
: still a mystery. We know, at any rate, little Church, like the handful of corn on
: that we do not know. the top of the mountains, is the precur-
s But though we see in part, we are sor and the prophecy of a Church one
= happy when we look at our missionaries. and world-wide.
: The Leper Doctor Lady HOSIE.
: of Hangchow.
ES ERHAPS the Chinese Christian towards Orientals are irresistibly charm-
: ? who impressed me most of all ing, because they are the outward ex-
; the many I have loved to talk with pression of a sincere inward kindness and
= vas a Chinese doctor to lepers in Hang- the wish to understand his fellow-beings.
chow. He was working under Dr. Nobody better could have been chosen
| Main, of the Church Missionary Society. to represent you and me and English
| It is a great encouragement to meet people generally. He is now Governor-
5 | Christians of other folks’ making: to General of Canada. His wife, a daugh-
| realize that one’s own Church is not ter of the Lord Brassey of “ Sunbeam ”
| alone, that we are workers together. fame, had taken special interest in lepers
The knowledge of what others are ac- in India; one home in Madras is called
< | complishing makes one look on one’s — by her name. - She is a vice-president of
| own efforts more courageously and hap- the British Empire Leper Relief Com-
| pily. For those others often do not at mittee, of which the Prince of Wales is
all think they have done the miracles President. I read lately in “The Times”
; | which are apparent as such to us. Per- a plea for help for the African lepers in
| haps we also have builded better than our mandated areas ; and I must tell you,
: | we knew. in preparation for Union days, that the
| 2 Very rightly we revere the names of Primitive Methodists are doing some-
Father Damien and other Europeans thing for lepers in their African missions.
| who have gone to work amongst lepers. The Empire Leper Secretary, in his re-
| Yet they were, like us, products of cen- port, said that the “Prince of Wales
| turies of Christian faith and love. How told him he could never forget the mar-
can we sufficiently give tribute to such red faces of leper children.” Readers of
an one as my chance friend, Dr. Wang, a _ the MissIONARY Ecuo will remember that
Chinese whose Christianity is only one — our mission in Yunnan has been touching ~
{ generation back, and who is working — the leper problem there also.
amongst the lepers of Hangchow? This When the Boxer Delegation came to
is how I met him. Hangchow, the beautiful city on the
The head of the Commission on which | Western Lake, the capital of the pro-
my father went to China in 1926, the vince of Chekiang, in which are the big
| British Boxer Indemnity Delegation, was ports of Ningpo and Wenchow, we were
| Viscount Willingdon, who had done fine feasted and entertained by the Chinese
work in India as Governor-General in governor of the province. But Lady Wil-
Bombay and later in Madras. He is a lingdon said to Dr. Duncan Main that
man of much sympathy ; and his manners — she would like to see his Leper Asylum,

The Leper Doctor of Hangchow

cone of the few in China. Now it was seemed to expect me to go on with her
through visiting Dr. Main’s hospital, to the Leper Asylum, on the_hill-side
when he was a young missionary, that my apart, I am ashamed to say I hesitated.
father was filled with such Christian envy 1 had never seen a leper : my heart failed.
that he determined to get, by hook or She had seen many. To her lepers were
crook, a similar hospital for Wenchow. just like any other fellow human being’s ;
Our first Dingley Hospital was the re- to be cheered by a little attention from
sult ; and Dr. Main’s methods in organi- the outside world, liking small kind-
zation and administration were the nesses like any other sick folk, and es-
models, and still are, on which our _ pecially entitled to them considering the
medical work is run. Incidentally, do awfulness of their affliction and_ their
you know that our Wenchow hospital is segregation. She sent to a Chinese con-
the only one in China that has but the fectioner’s for packets of sweet cakes
one white doctor, Dr. Stedeford, with pro- and dainties, such as she used to give
portionately the largest number of her Indian leper friends. The packets
patients? The other missionary doctors, were wrapped in the gay red paper proper
and they work hard, stand aghast at what in China for such occasions, one packet
he has to do with his one pair of hands for each of the seventy lepers. There
and one brain. We can never admire are two homes, one: for men, the other
Dr. Stedeford enough, or Dr. Plummer for women, next each other, on the lovely
before him. They have done, and Dr. hillside overlooking the lake with its boats
Stedeford is doing, herculean tasks—too and white sails and curving parapeted
great for one man; and for one nurse bridges. Dr. Main thought lepers
also, Miss Petrie Smith, whom I found should have lovely surroundings, more
trying to do day and night work, as there than other folk. One of the accusations ‘
was nobody else. Even in funds we have brought against Dr. Main to-day by the
the largest number of patients for the Nationalists is that he has bought up all
smallest sum in money in all China. This the best sites round the lake! To be
is cutting matters too fine, is it not? sure, they were waste land before, and
Can’t we alter it a little? are being used for hospitals and con-

So it was natural for me, when Lady valescent homes and leper asylums for
Willingdon proposed it, to wish to see Chinese sick. But Hangchow nowadays
Dr. Main’s hospital. But when she is developing into a summer resort for

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The Leper Doctor of Hangchow

rich Chinese from Shanghai—and lo, the influence that there were no unscalable

lepers have the finest site! Needless high walls or locked gates to that

to say, only the few and the prejudiced asylum. The lepers willingly obeyed the

talk like this. The real, kind-hearted injunction not to go beyond a certain

Chinese speak far otherwise: rich and point lest they bring harm to the outside
Rf poor, Christian and non-Christian. world. It is an appalling sidelight on
ss The lepers, knowing of our coming, euinese poverty and eee Pom, thé
A had put on their clean clothes, and those a now “ISEASE it eee li re nd rom He
S tho could, waited on the verandah for peasantry around have c mmDed Ove! the

tis ° One of them had been a professional wall and stolen the lepers’ clothing |!

a « < ~e © - 7 rerv ev] 7 c A -
acrobat, and on our arrival he gave a’ It was very evident that the lepers
= display of his prowess standing on his loved Dr. Main, and Dr. W ans tons
%, re : / "> . the edifi with the love of perfect trust. Not that
‘ head and doing somersaults to the Satie they were always amenable. One of

cating of the assemblage. The doctors the difficult symptoms of leprosy is that
a ccourage all. possible Totes anorally ae the moral sense, owing to physical
; os - 5 . eed Se +e , 2CC orver pers
Ye well as physically. Lady Willingdon, causes, often becomes peiverted ope
es surrounded by her little red packages Willinedon told me are subject to une
. dropped, with a kind word, her presents 7 © ble fits of * black voor hich
. into each leper’s hand. She did not touch fade ik a der. sometimes oo “le ee
them for, though leprosy is no longer colony ° Vet here were these Hanocheog
x supposed to be so highly contagious, it lep os: fine peaceably together on ‘the
: is wiser‘to avoid contact. In the mean- i oar w ALE pea I y ogemer ti f
while I made the acquaintance of Dr. t TONE AN DUE a Taree propor vo hen
RS | Wane. the hero of my story. He wasa them had become Christians! Two had
: Bt thirty or so. clad in. the lone been baptized that very morning.
: oie Chinese scholer’s. sown: of “no On the wide verandah of the women’s
os ee _schouse, a group came around Lady Wil-
| great physique put ve a ae lingdon and Dr. Main, and asked me to
x | his face as ¥ seen only on the counten. photograph them, as I had my kodak in
| ances of some Chinese servants of â„¢Y hand. L did so, at a little distance.
| Christ I cannot tell how it is. or why But as I finished, there was a commo-
| it should be so in some Chinese Chris- ton, and down ue a was helped a
S | tians—not in all, by a long way—but a vending spectacle nORe Her Srechiless ove
| sort of heavenly candour shines: in cer- Were Bet their lids." she. woreoa
| tain of them with a spiritual illumination Il (et al | . head: |
| which nobody can mistake. Perhaps it lips, “ould. Tot "cadet * hee. cae ad
¢ 1 ’ ’

Sie phat shone in Sir Galahad’s or St. aftected. I could hardly restrain my

Stephen’s face. tears. “She has missed having her
| Dr. Wang told me something of the photograph taken,’ was the sympathetic

| treatment of leprosy. If a leper comes comment of the other leper ; “Oh, lady,
to the hospital before his leprosy has take another with her in it, and closer
been developed seven years, thanks to up.” What could I say to such an en-
modern research, the doctors can check treaty? I half thought I would make a
| the disease. The injections will not re- pretence about taking the film, but. the
(| store a finger or nose, or bring elasticity poor creatures sat down in a row,,. the
back to a solidified joint, of course; but elderly woman in their midst, trusting
the disease can be arrested—at least for me. As I was focussing them). . the
some years, perhaps longer. There is woman in the middle, the worst leper of
even hope that the day may come, with all so far as her body was concerned,
research, when the patient can return to began of her own accord—it seemed
his community. For it is the segrega- almost incredible—to sing that hymn’ of
tion which makes many lepers hide their our childhood, the song of the Desired
sickness. Unspeakably bitter must it Country, “There is a happy land.” I
be to leave wife and child and human _ took the snapshot, and I saw them, not
| intercourse and enter for ever a leper with their maimed and seared bodies,
{| colony. It speaks much for Dr. Main’s minus toes and hands, fingers or noses,

The Leper Doctor of Hangchow
. but as Dr. Main and Dr. Wang saw me weeping. I tried to murmur apolo-
them, gies for breaking down. He put his
Where saints in glory stand, hand presently on my arm, to comfort
Bright, bright as day. me, and said, “T’ai T’ai: only Christ
They all joined in, and I left them still can help those poor people. But He
singing with their poor cracked voices: does help them.”
not lepers, but loved ones—nay, lovely I took his hand, English fashion, and
ones. from the bottom of my heart answered,
The others had gone ahead, so Dr. ‘And you who bring Christ to them are
Wang and I followed hastily. We came _ truly His disciples.”
to a ward where one elderly man, with He gave a little smile at me, and we
a fellow-leper sitting beside to help him went on to see his tubercular patients,
if need arose, lay semi-comatose. The for he was in charge of them too. They
footsteps of Dr. Main and Lady Willing- were not easy to visit, either, for many
don had roused him, and he was raising of them had come to hospital too late.
his head with its sightless eyes a little But to those who wonder if mission
from his pillow. One glance at his face work in China has been of any use, I
and I knew that his spirit was loosening _ tell this story of the faith of those scarred
its bands. Dr. Wang stopped and told women singing their hymn, of the dying
him, for he was wondering evidently at leper, of that Chinese Christian doctor
the little commotion, that some foreign serving in that angelic manner.
guests had come to pay a visit and bring I have heard of him again. Three
gifts. Then Dr. Wang looked seriously months after our visit, his wife died of
at me and whispered “Speak to him; he. typhoid ; and his two children-are mother-
is dying. Soon nobody will be able to less. “It is a sore grief to him,” Dr. .
do anything more for him.” My heart Main ~ wrote. Then last spring, the
nearly failed. What could 1 possibly Nationalists came to Hangchow in full
say? This was beyond speech. But the force. They took down the Ten Com-
Chinese doctor kept looking at me mandments from the Lord’s Table and os
earnestly. That Eastern Christian, so. put up the portrait of Sun Yat Sen in- ,
short a while a Christian, took it for stead. They earmarked the Church Mis-
granted that a Western Christian, of so sionary Hospital for special attack. They
long a_ tradition, would answer to the made some attempt to keep the Leper
Call. So I steadied my voice, and lifting Asylum going: but some of the lepers,
my head, called to the dying leper, with fearing them with good reason, fled to
the politeness which China teaches, their homes taking their disease with
“Elder Brother, art thou at peace? ” them. Those who remain write sad
And from that frame almost unrecog- letters of the neglect and the ignorance
nizable as human, with an affected in treatment which they are now endur-
tongue and from a lipless mouth, came a ing. And Dr. Wang, because he had
voice back to me, cracked yet steadfast: worked in a missionary society, was a
“Yea, at peace, at peace. AndI shall Christian, and held to his British teach-
soon see my Lord.” ers, has had to flee for his life to
“The Heavenly Father help thee!” I Shanghai.
called again. Dr. Main retired last year from Hang-
Oh, unconquerable, wonderful spirit— chow, at seventy. | His worthy succes-
truly a candle lit by the Lord! sor, Dr. Gordon Thompson, wrote when
T went out with Dr. Wang, down some pleading for continued support for
steps, till we came to a gate and a boun- Hangchow Christians, “God never lets
dary wall. Then I put my head against anybody down. Neither must we, who
the bricks and wept. are His followers, let down these fellow-
The others had gone up the hill, to Christians of ours in their sore distress.”
the Tuberculosis Sanatorium at the top. (‘1 rights reserved in Great Britain and the United
Dr. Wang waited beside me, looking at — States.]
Se so “So

Eee ouee Rev. C. STEDEFORD.
Retrospect The Roman god Janus, with their posters. Apparently, however,
and Prospect. the god of gates and they could not get a sufficient fol-
opening events, whose lowing to support them. Meanwhile the
i name is given to the opening month of Christian community rallied around their
x the year, was represented as having two leaders, and Miss Squire is informed that
x faces, one looking forward and the other most of our people have made up their
Ss looking backward. These two faces of minds not to be afraid of persecution.
Janus symbolize a fitting attitude of | Members of the family of one of the
. mind at the beginning of the New Year. student agitators called to see Miss Li
S Happily, we are delivered from the Shuang Mei and told her how much
x pagan view of the past and the future. ashamed they were of such conduct. Not-
= We see in the past the guiding hand of withstanding these events, the numbers
Ke God and for the future we have the — in the Girls’ School, now being conducted
S assurance that the same hand will lead by Miss Li Shuang Mei, are very well
Xe us. As we review the past year and the maintained.
S hazardous time our missionaries in China
es passed through, we are grateful, unspeak- Stations in Last month we reported
; ably grateful, that no untoward event North China the immediate recall of
befel any one of them. We believe the Re-Occupied. our missionaries when
Re opposition encountered last year will they had returned to their
: prove the vitality and vigour of the — station at Chu Chia, in Shantung. The
x Church in China. Last year witnessed ladies being included in the number, it
evacuation, this year will most probably was considered necessary to return to
; see re-occupation. The storm has spent Tientsin without delay. It was then de-
: its fury and the skies are clearing. The cided that the ladies, Miss Turner and
spirit of patience and conciliation will Miss Milburn, should remain in Tientsin,
triumph in China. Truth will defeat and that the men, Revs. D. H. Smith,
| falsehood. We have not yet.cleared all B.D., H. T. Cook and Dr. R. P. Hadden,
the rocks and shoals, but with careful should once more return to their station
| steering’ we hope to bring our bark into in Shantung. After being.a fortnight in
calmer and safer waters. We rejoice to Tientsin, they set out again on October
= | think that we have Christ in the vessel, 31st, hoping they would be left undis-
and that the winds and the seas obey turbed to prosecute their work. Mr.
| Him. Smith writes: “Even if the North be-
comes disturbed again, I think all three
Persecution Letters received by our of us are united in a determination to
in Chaotong. missionaries from the stay on here, until we have the most
: | Chinese in Chaotong pressing and imperative reasons for
brine news of agitations fomented by the leaving, or until our presence threatens
| student class and directed against the to endanger our Chinese Christians. At
Church. The following particulars have present everything is peaceful in this
| come through Miss L. O Squire, B.A. locality, in fact, more peaceful than I
| The services on Sunday, October 9th, have known it all the two years I have
were greatly disturbed and violence was been down here. There is no brigandage
threatened. Miss Li Shuang Mei stood in our immediate neighbourhood. We
up in the church and strongly protested pray that this condition of things will last
against the irreverent language and be- for a long time, as it makes possible the
haviour. Afterwards some of the stu- travel of our Chinese preachers in a way
dents broke into the mission compound not possible for many months past.”
in their efforts to get hold of Shuang
| Mei. Rumours of intended violence were New Trial for The poppy, on account of
| rife all the following week, and the stu- Christians. the opium it produces, is
dents raised such cries as “Down with one of the most profitable
the Christian Church!” “Attack the crops a Chinese farmer can cultivate.
Preachers!” “Take over the Schools!” Nevertheless, Christians have refused to
They also placarded the Mission premises cultivate the poisonous drug. They have

From the Mission House
been willing to suffer loss rather than — stones, digging, washing and carrying
promote the degradation of their fellows. sand, and __ incidentally killing snakes.
In addition, they are now called upon to They have brought three to me this
suffer a cruel exaction. Mr. Smith says morning, two water snakes and one viper
of Shantung province: “There are many —handsome fellows all.”
things to try our patience and to hinder Mr. Lamb occupies a temporary house
our work. The latest command of the until the proper house for the mission-
mandarin, which I understand applies to aries is erected. The plans for this house,
all the province, is that all the people prepared by Mr. T. Howarth, of Roch-
shall put a proportion of their land under dale, on lines suggested by Rev. E.
poppy cultivation, or pay an exorbitant Cocker, have been sent. The activity
tax. This will fall very hard on our described by Mr. Lamb will soon trans-
Christians, as they have suffered so much form our Tikonko station. The fifty acres
that many of them are reduced to very of land at Tikonko which Rev. W. Vivian,
great poverty.” in a prophetic spirit, secured for the
In regard to opium, how: sadly China Mission over thirty years ago, is now
has fallen since 1910, when the cultiva- soon to serve its destined purpose.
tion of the poppy was suppressed ! At that
time some Chinese farmers were beheaded Meru ~ The third prize awarded
in their own poppy fields as a punishment Industrial to our Industrial School
for disobeying the decree. I saw the School in connection with the
walls of city gates covered with sur- Success. East African Show = re-
rendered opium pipes. China seemed to flects great credit upon
be delivering herself from her greatest Mr. Clay, and we offer him our hearty
curse. An evil hardly less injurious has congratulations. It is gratifying to -
been stealthily introduced into North know that our school is able to take
China, chiefly by Japanese, in the form a worthy place in comparison with similar
of morphine injections, and it may be | schools in Kenya Colony.
that 'the cultivation of the poppy is
adopted as a means of using one evil to Jerusalem, As “Edinburgh 1910”
expel another—a most disastrous ex- 1928. marks a distinct epoch in
pedient. missionary history, so it
is probable a similar prominence will be
Activity in The following sentences acquired by “Jerusalem 1928.” The state
Tikonko. from a letter of Rev. of the world and of missionary work has
A. C. Lamb, B.Sc., show changed very greatly since 1910. New
that there is something doing at Tikonko, problems have arisen which demand the
in Mendiland. wisest statesmanship. Some missionary
“This is my fourth week in the hinter- leaders considered it had become neces-
land, and the second at Tikonko. The sary to hold another world missionary
Chief is erecting two houses and a new’ conference similar to the one held in
school for the Training Institution, and Edinburgh, but the prevailing‘ opinion
he has at present about sixty or seventy decided upon a Conference with fewer
men at work on the woodwork .of the delegates, though hardly less representa-
houses and clearing the space for the tive of the missionary interests of the
barrie. I may say that I am hoping to world. The Conference will be held at
start the actual work of the training insti- Jerusalem from March 24th until April
tution after the District Meeting, when 8th, and will assemble on the Mount of
I return to my post. The buildings will Olives. Even the place of meeting carries
then be fit to be inhabited, and the school a deep significance. A gathering repre-
to be used. Iam expecting this week to sentative of all nations will meet at the
lay out the foundations of the new house, place where the disciples first received the
for I want to get as much as_ possible commission to “go and teach all nations.”
done before the beginning of the institu- Two hundred delegates will attend, one
tion work takes up all the time I can hundred representatives of countries
spare. I have already got thirty-nine men which sent out missionaries, and one hun-
working on the compound, doing’ the dred representatives of countries which
necessarv clearing, carting and breaking receive missionaries. Many experts are

Industrial Training at Meru.
preparing in consultation the papers missionary co-operation in education, in
which will introduce the important sub- social welfare, in providing Christian
jects to be considered by the Conference, literature, and in the upbuilding’ of the
subjects which will deal especially with Christian Church in missionary lands.
. | I d t ° l T e e
| & Mr. H. CLAY.
at Meru.
HE readers of the Ecno are in- greatest agency in the uplift of the
: | terested in the ever-widening scope African, and they will continue to exert
of missions in Africa, and particu- a far-reaching influence on the life of
S | larly our own Mission’s efforts to estab- the native as he emerges. from his
a, ; oS oe ; s ;
: | lish what is regarded amongst the primitive life. Whatever the African
RS | majority of missionaries as the ideal has learnt, in emerging from savagery, of
stalf—Evangelistic, Medical and Industrial gentle behaviour, of cleanliness and
workers. It is our primary endeavour sanitation, of improved housing, he
to bring the native into relationship with owes (by far the greater part of it) to the
| our common Father God through a _ missions. Those who have seen the
BS saving knowledge of our Lord Jesus educated African in Government service,
Christ. This is the object and aim of in private firms, or workshops, and com-
. Hh all our activities. But it has become in- pared him with the raw material, realize
| creasingly evident that we cannot simply the great work of missions.
implant our faith in his heart and_ life . .
and stop there. The Master’s mandate A Fascinating Task.
| is felt to embrace his whole life in all its The education of the native is one of
| : phases, spiritual, moral, physical and the most difficult, and at the same time
| industrial. one of the most fascinating tasks in
WH = The mission schools have been the Africa to-day. How best can the African
| ‘
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: eee ISAT ea A CA Get nee A Sa? cg te he ce PURRAEEN pooch TRE CE AGE emt seas ac aE Ca gin Re a PeareeaLT
Bia ie PS tea aS ke ey Le alo trae OP AC cra aS ag ane atc Coke
ies EAR tS eae RUM ae tS DN Sh ca rw ems a SP
| Temporary Workshop, Industrial Mission, Meru. [Photo: Rev. A. G. V. Cozens

Industrial Training at Meru
be changed: from more or less primitive Our First Workshop.
conditions, to conditions in which he will When approaching the Meru mission
be a useful citizen, and, from our stand- you will see on your right a small
point, a Christian citizen? But my object J ooden building about fourteen feet
is to show how the work of the Industrial square, which once did duty as a tem-
School is related to the other work of porary residence for one of our mission-
the Mission, and its part in the general Jigs” This was the workshop, and the
uplift of the African. We want first of craft consisted of Reuben, the present
all to bring the native to realize the jative instructor, together with Baaka,
Fatherhood of God, and to live his life 2, unindentured ‘apprentice. In Septem-
according to the ideal of our Lord and pe, 1996 we decided to take on trial
Saviour Jesus Christ, and the value and 4.6 Nthaka “boys” about seventeen
necessity of religious teaching is at once years of age ‘who had reached the “war-
seen. Similarly the doctor’s work in fior ” stage, and a month later two more
ministering to physical sufferings is of ere placed on probation. Work was
untold blessing. The value of Industrial commenced on the overhauling of the
training may not be so apparent. It is tools and the making of new benches,
axiomatic that the African cannot be ang steady progress was made. The
allowed to continue indefinitely as he is, povs taicen on trial proved good pupils
and that to a large extent his progress anq another one was put an trial. These
and the development of the country must boys were all Nthaka, and it was our joy
synchronize. One of the greatest prob- tg’ see them all, along’ with others, re-
lems is how to get the native, so long ggiyved into our church by baptism in
unused to work, to realize the necessity january.
and dignity of labour, and to work for °
the good of his fellow men, and help on A Government Order. .
his own emancipation. — : . In the latter month three of these boys
. Our primary object is to give a train- Were indentured before the District Com-
ing which will enable the native to go missioner, and here the real work of the
back to his own people and to help to school may be said to have begun. It is
build better houses, with new ideas of our aim to give them a three years’
hygiene and sanitation, and a full know- Course of training, in accordance with the
ledge of the value of light and air. We Government syllabus, and at the same
want him to make simple articles of time seek to train them in Christian man-
furniture, such as tables and chairs, and hood. During the period much work was
to learn habits of cleanliness In his done in the making of furniture for the
food which will have far-reaching effects. Ipdustrialist’s house, mission school re-
How far we are succeeding it would be quisites, and various repairs to buildings.
premature to say, but the signs are such In September the District Commissioner
as to give added impetus to our efforts aye us the opportunity of tendering for
to gain our ideal. the making of twenty-three chairs for the
. new native Council House at Meru.

How it Began. With some little misgivings, owing to

Many United Methodists will remem- the untrained nature of the apprentices,
ber that the Meru station was opened in a tender was sent in, and we received the
April, 1913, by Rev. R. T. Worthington order, which was duly executed satisfac-
and Mr. Mimmack. The Industrial School _ torily. This order was very timely, for
was commenced in the following Decem- it not only helped financially, but demon-
ber. Many boys who received training strated in a practical manner the work
at this time have since rendered service the school was doing in training the boys
in various townships and at farms; the to be able to furnish their own Council
present native instructor began his train- | House, a fact mentioned by the Governor
ing in this early period. After the'de- when he opened it in November. In the
parture of Mr. Mimmack the school latter month the Adviser on -Technical
languished for a lack of continuity of Education visited the school, and the
European instruction, reaching its lowest nature of his report can be judged by the
ebb in 1925-26. In 1926 a new period fact that the mission was given a tem-
of progressive work was begun. porary grant.


Industrial Training at Meru
It was found that some of the older Although the school was in its early
boys were reluctant to serve a term of stages, we decided to send an exhibit,
probation before becoming apprentices, comprising furniture, panel doors and
so it was decided to bring up from the glazed doors. We were very gratified
mission school each morning six of the when we found we had secured the third,
older boys for an hour’s work, so as to prize, only being beaten by two Govern-

. find any promising pupils. Several of ment schools. And so at the end of one

SS these were taken on probation; two year one feels, that something has been

: ceased work after a few days, their achieved, and the future is full of hope.

. parents wanting them to look after the

‘ goats, but the others have proved very The Present Workshop.

S good boys, and will, I hope, soon be The workshop accommodation was

i indentured. soon found inadequate, and the new tem-

ce The present staff consists of the native porary shop shown in the photograph has

. instructor, one apprentice improver, five been erected, capable of accommodating

\< indentured apprentices, with seven on twenty apprentices, together with a

S trial. The boys all attend the mission timber store. ‘This shop has been de-

x school from 7 a.m. until 10 a.m., when — signed so that when conditions permit it

S they come up to the shop for work until stone walls can be erected under the

. noon. Work is commenced again at 2 present permanent roof timbers. The

; p.m., and continued until 4.30. Lectures comfort and housing of the boys is one

have been begun in the shop for the boys of our primary considerations, and one

Re four mornings a week, from 9 a.m, to large airy house with wooden floor cn

S 10 a.m., at which they are taught to read piles has been built, another is in course

the two-foot rule and to make simple of erection adjacent to the shop. Beds

: measurements and calculations. They will are provided, with a table and seats, and

; also be taught simple geometry and itis good to contrast this house with the

: drawing. The Meru people have very old primitive huts, with the windows and

little initiative and no native crafts, but door open all day, the blankets folded on
considering how very backward they are, the beds and the floor scrubbed periodi-
they have shown great promise of becom- cally. It is a notable advance. _ Here
ing fair craftsmen. One finds just the one may mention that the new mission
same difference of temperament among lorry has been doing good service in
these primitive people as among English fetching timber for several of the church
> boys, and the ability to assimilate know- members in Government offices, who are
ledge varies just the same. Here is now erecting wooden houses of their
Daniel, one of the older boys, of some- own, perhaps stimulated by what we have
what surly demeanour, but who is learn- — shown them.
ing’ quickly and works sometimes too
fiercely. Then there is Gavan, slow, plod- To Build a Hospital.

é | ang and anew to teach, but wa. 1s There is great work ahead, a house
| brivht Ohne younge! 20s. Stent 1S a and hospital to be built in the hills at
| right boy with laughing eyes and a good Kjagoi, forty miles away! Does it not
deal of chatter: he does well when he fre ‘the imagination: the Meru boys
| gives his mind to his work. being trained to build their own hospital
| 5 “Le to help to succour their own people?
| A Prize Exhibit. Truly God has chosen _ this way to
At the great Nairobi show, representa- achieve something towards His great pur-
tive of East African agriculture and pose of drawing all mankind unto Him-
native industries, held on August last, self. Can. you not visualise the part
we gained added assurance of our belief Industrial Training is taking in this
| in the great possibilities of the Ameru. great object? I certainly can,
| ote <- <-
| 10

° °
The Christ |
e ris 1an Rev. WILLIAM PATON.
World Mission.

(This is the second article dealing with the petition provided by ro. one task ane
main issues which will be presented to the meeting private institutions | makes : we ke ‘ full
of the International Missionary Council, to be Maintaining Christian education aaa
held at Jerusalem from March 24th to April 8th, strength very difficult. Too often effects
1928.) of stress are shown in the gradual secu-

larizing of the tone of the school. In
ll. China it is obvious that the people ape
T4 | the immense importance of national edu-
RELIGIOUS EDUCATION, cation and are “determined to use the
HE share taken by missionary schools as the main weapon for the
T organizations throughout Asia and forging: of national character. This has
Africa in the work of education long been the policy of the Japanese
has been, as everybody knows, very people. Here we see plainly developed
large indeed. Until quite lately practi- what is becoming’ visible elsewhere—
cally the whole of the education of Afri- namely, the tendency to use the national
can natives was in the hands of missions, system of education to achieve con-
and even in countries like India and — sciously-conceived national ends.
China, where much more has been done, Missionary education is sustained on
missions were responsible for a very voluntarily-contributed finances which
considerable fraction of the whole. The are not indefinitely elastic. Missionary
education undertaken by missionary so- education is confronted by growing edu-
cieties has been an integral part of their cational systems throughout the non-
work. It has been carried on not with Christian world and by _ steadily-rising
the object merely of drawing people standards of efficiency. They are con-
within the hearing of evangelism, nor has fronted also by a more subtle movement
it been carried on merely with the idea and one which it is possible more easily
of providing good secular instruction—it to forget.
has been maintained as a part of the The world of education has undergone
Christian endeavour to show ‘all that is a revolution in the last two generations,
involved in a full Christian life. In and there has now been. applied to the
giving Christian education we are study of the human mind that same
making plain something of what is laborious method of piecing together the
meant by the gift of life more results of research all over the world
abundant. There are two great facts which has in the realm of natural science
in the world to-day which affect our as a whole wrought so great wonders.
Christian educational work. The first In certain quarters the modern educa-
is the development of circumstances in tional movement has been charged with
the different countries which are gradu- mechanistic ideas, but it is much more
ally creating’ a new situation for the mis- obviously true that there are in the new
sionary educator. In Africa the entry of world of education certain elements
Government into the field has created a which, whether or not they consciously
great opportunity for missionary schools proceed from Christian principles, un-
at least in the British-administered terri- doubtedly reinforce the Christian posi-
tories. Government is prepared to give tion. There is, for instance, in the in-
very large help to mission-conducted — sistence on the importnce of the child and
schools. It will, however, be necessary — study of the child as a basis of education,
for mission schools to be up to standard, an idea fundamentally akin to the Chris-
and the co-operation between missions tian viewpoint. The psychologist’s en-
and Governments in education depends on deavour to secure a single wide interest
missions being able to fulfil their part of | under which to harmonize the personality
the bargain. leads us to the thought of the Kingdom
In India the gradually rising standards of God. The psychologist’s emphasis on
and consequent expensiveness of educa- learning by doing has affinities with our
tion, together with the increased com- Lord’s continued emphasis on_ action.

The Editor’s Notes
These are but a few of the ways in which © sidering the resources which it is likely
one may without exaggeration feel that the — that we shall be able to obtain, to what
great development of educational science can we best devote our strength? Should
is helping the Christian movement. We we contract our work here in order
may, however, ask how far religious edu- to strengthen it there? Should we
: cation throughout the world is availing co-operate with others in this place,
Re itself of the scientific educator, and how perhaps curtailing work in some other
; far we are still using old-fashioned place in order that the total power exer-
Ke weapons when far more efficient and ted may be greater? These questions
S powerful ones are ready to our hands. must be resolutely faced.
Four points may be made. In the first Thirdly, how can we most adequately
S place, the call is to us to define what it avail ourselves of the resources of modern
Rt is we are aiming at in religious educa- educational science in the training of
i tion, not only in the specific teaching of | teachers, both missionary and indigenous
3 Christianity in schools but in the whole to the different countries for the great
Ne effort that we make to convey through task of Christian education?
: our schools the Christian life and mes- Fourth, in view of the great lack of
Ke sage. Only a clear-cut ideal resulting in adequate “helps ” in religious education
S a clear-cut policy will serve us as a basis in the mission field and the great develop-
. for the development of our work in the ment in the production of such material
: face of the great opportunities which in the West, how can we secure that the
Sf confront us as well as the somewhat educators of the mission field get the
s menacing forces which we are able to best possible equipment ?
: discern. The place of Christian educa- These are some of the questions that
EK tion can only be maintained in countries arise. They are being studied by indi-
: where education is becoming a passionate viduals and groups all over the world,
| concern of the nation, if Christians know and it is to questions like these that some
: exactly what it is that they are called of the discussions at the Jerusalem Meet-
upon to do. , ing’ of the International Missionary Coun-
Secondly, granted our ideal and con- cil will be directed.
7 9
| The Editor’s Notes.
O all our readers at home and over- WORK IN CHINA.
| seas we send hearty greetings for NORTH CHINA:
» the New Year. Prayer and effort In North China our mission has work
| will make 1928 a year of blessing to us in and around Tientsin, Wu Ting Fu and
all. Prayer inspires effort and hallows Yung Ping Fu, in the province of Chihli.
| it. Effort becomes sacramental when it The work also extends into Northern
| is the outcome of prayer. Shantung.
The missionaries in our North China
@ 8 8 & field are (in the order in which they went
| . to China) :
| Map of China. Rev. ‘rank B. Turner.
| The map of China which is printed Rev. W. Eddon.
on the next page is the work of the Principal H. S. Redfern.
| Rev. W. H. Hudspeth, M.A. Our Miss A. J. Turner.
readers will find it of great value in show- Miss L. Armitt (on furlough).
| ing where our mission stations are. Rev. E. Richards.
| Accompanying the map was the following Rey. D. W. Smith.
| Cee , uc as 5 Miss D. Milburn.
| statement, which will also. be found of Rev. H. T. Cook.
use : Dr. R. P. Hadden.
| 12

The Editor’s Notes
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: The Editor’s Notes
EAST CHINA: An increasing motive was the desire to
Here our mission has work in and help to solve world problems and to
around Ningpo and Wenchow, in the pro- promote good will between nations and’
ace of anc races,
vince of Chekiang. - ® @ ® @
a The -missionaries in :our East China But what is ¢ke motive compelling mis-
S Field are : sionary zeal? What is the one motive
: Rev. J. W. Heywood. alone sufficient and absolutely adequate ?
. Principal Tr. WwW. Chapman (on furlough). Love: love to Christ and Idve to men.
a My A. Stedeford. Loving obedience to Christ as Saviour
Nurse N. B. Raine. and Lord, anda compassionate love of
= Rev. A. A. Conibear. our fellows, whatever their race and
se Nurse B. P. Smith (on furlough). colour, is the all-commanding missionary,
: Miss E. Simpson (on furlough). motive. Any motive short of love is.
e Miss D. Doidge. always on the brink of discouragement
: Miss M. Fortune. . and failure. New conditions may call
Ny Dr. F. S. Dymond (on furlough). for changes in methods, but the supreme
< eon mem ; missionary motive is the same yesterday,
% SOUTH-WEST CHINA: to-day and for ever.
bk Here our mission has work in and
around Yunnan Fu, Tong Chuan Fu and @ @ ® &
3 Chao Tong Fu, in the Yunnan province. Pioneers! O Pioneers!
: and amongst the tribes (Miao, Nosu and ;
Kopu) of Western Kweichow. No modern poet has sung more finely
RS a — ee : ; of pioneers than Whitman.
ss x The missionaries in our West China Not for delectations sweet,
: Field are : Not the cushion and the slipper, not the
: Rev. F. J. Dymond. peaceful and the studious,
Rev. C. E. Hicks (on furlough). Not the riches safe and palling, not for
: Rev. H. Parsons (on furlough). us the tame enjoyment.
Rev. A. Evans (on furlough). Pioneers! O Pioneers!
Rev. W. H. Hudspeth (on furlough).
Miss L. O. Squire (on furlough). The Carey Press is doing the Baptist
Rey. Ee # Goldsworthy (on furlough). Church and all the Churches great ser-
; Bee idan ee tease Mi ao ats _mussionary _Publications.
| Miss C. M. Dymond. fore Pioneers. _ Brief Biographies of
Rev. K. W. May. Baptist Missionaries,” by H. L. Hem-
® &” &® ® mens, tells the thrilling story of six
Missionary Motives. pioneer missionaries. For a shilling one
- rae Lb: ; can enjoy “a crowded hour” with this
| Do the great Christian missionary — |ittle book. :
motives change. with changing times?
This is the question which was recently =o
| discussed in ‘The Missionary Review of
| the World.” Secretaries of Missionary
| Boards, ministers, professors, officers in Wendy and Co.
women’s missionary: societies, answered A urrtte London girl of nine came
| a questionnaire concerning the most down one morning to breakfast and said,
| powerful motives that impel Christians “Daddy, I’ve had a thought.” “Yes,
| to take the Gospel to non-Christian Wendy, my love, what’s the thought? ”
| "people. asked her father. Wendy said, “I’ve got
l}/ @ @ ® ® one-and-ninepence in my money-box, and
It was to be expected that the greatest I thought that if we could buy a Bible
number would put first the desire to fulfil and send it out to China, it might help
Christ’s mission to the world. Other to put thing's right.” The money was sent
motives which commanded large support to the Bible House and spent as the child
| were a desire to spread the Kingdom of — wished.
God, and a desire to develop the best Rey. E. W. Smiru, of the B. and EF
possibilities of those for whom we work. Bible Society.

The Advance in Mendiland.
The following article has been written ment School at Bo, and the U.B. Albert
by egloseph Cdomsen at heconlies Academy in Freetown, Packer begun to
7 ING. cer. Nite 4 enjoy the sweetness of education.
Coleen poy and ee Ne. is The other denominational bodies have,
now a teacher at 'Bo. in many places of Mendiland, well-built
ACCEPT with great pleasure the schools principailed by European ‘eae -
| opportunity given me by the General or the work in t nd Pde. ay wen
Superintendent, the Rev. E. Cocker promising and boys and girls are ne
: : 2 7 -) trained for the future usefulness of their
to write an article for the Ecuo, as I did country. I know and firmly believe that
ee ert evi I crane ached t nee our mission will succeed in its endeavour
this honourable task. yy have always to educate the minds of the Mend) boys
thought of writing to the Home Com- fom the future useluiness ee ny cened
mite to thank tiem forgiving’ me an %4,F2r the men who have been road
education which tou 1 aim provd of; ing prominent postions ia ie tod
gether fit for a large society but never- men whose education is fostered by the
theless fit for a small one. “The training religion of Mohammed, then eee whose
that you gave me at the Collegiate education will be mainly directed by the
- School has indeed left an indelible ex- _ a
pression on my poor native mind of your |, ; 4
great love to us Mendi men and women. | Sao
To show that I really appreciate your). Aiges|
kindness to me, a Mendi man, I extend e 2 oe)
to you all my sincere and heart-born icons 3
gratitude by using: a Mendi term, “Wu |. ek. & ae
se kaka.” — ae
The following are points upon which | eae ei :
I want to centre my thoughts whilst I | eg S ‘ ag
endeavour to write this article: (1) The | : Maram = Se
future education in our Mendi Mission; > Eee ie
(2) Our hopes ; (3) How these hopes can | Peete se eae 3
be realised. I feel altogether safe when ee a
I say that a glorious day has come at eee Ses as SS
last for the education in our Mendi mis- me | eee
sion field—a day which many desired to | Re ere 8 Ty So a.
see but died without the sight. I give .-. -i eet pe gee Se)
thanks to God for the fact that I shall Be setae ae sl
be spared to see something of the good | ta oe ST
work that is yet to be done at Tikonko—- | A eee. Vy
our present mission centre. Despite the | . i i.e fy
fact that an actual work of the Home Bee ee eo fae Sees
policy has not stood on its feet, yet I ERE it Pe ee) PR Re
fancy I see streaming into the school or BOG a Mae ee Seve 0 2
proposed College at Tikonko boys from | MMM o
our mission schools who are now waiting | gE heen oie) |
anxiously for the establishment of this | SRA cera ae nteregte
College. I feel and I know that the — . CE ea etka oe EY
minds of the youths of the Protectorate |.) > ear uae aaa
of Sierra Leone are now ready to receive | Sat Veono aes
the education and training which have ?. Rie) ica ;
made other tribes occupy honourable and _! ee ee Ener
prominent positions I believe then that | Ce eo
the Home Committee have brought about |. ‘Bo
this policy at an opportune moment—a |. ee ae
moment when the parents of the few of | oe ed
the Mendi boys educated at the Govern- Mr. Joseph B. Johnson.

The Advance in Mendiland
leading influence of Christianity will from this. If ever any good work has
surely occupy better status in life. been done at either of the above-named
The hopes that some of us are cherish- schools, it has been accomplished by the
ing for the future enlightenment of native men who have had previous train-
Mendiland can only be realised by the ing at these schools. If ever any success
possession of trained Mendi teachers has been achieved by the scholars who
cx who in their turn will train their country have passed through these schools, that
, folks entrusted to their care. Itis an un- has only been possible because of the
si deniable fact that the future education of | spirit of emulation that exists in the
8 our mission schools and all its attendant scholars as they daily come in contact
circumstances, solely and absolutely de- with their teachers. The father of a
‘ pends on the efficiency of its educators. Mendi boy is always anxious to see his
By We are all looking forward to that day own son become like, if not more, than
SS when the students from the proposed Col- the son of another father who reaps the
lege at Tikonko will stand to witness for benefit of his son’s education. With this
X Christ before their countrymen and - spirit I am sure that the Christian educa-
women. We want the future College at tion which we hope will be imparted to
‘ Tikonko to produce ministers of the the students at Tikonko will prove a real
SS gospel of Christ, and teachers of the blessing to fathers, teachers and scholars.
. youths of the Protectorate of Sierra It is hoped that the co-operation of both
: Leone. Other denominational schools Principal and teachers of the proposed
Si have produced men who are now telling College will result in such fruitful work
a the love-story of Jesus to their kith and that people will be led to exclaim, ‘‘ Never
kin. has such good work been done at any of
RS We want the future College to produce the denominational schools!’ There is
; God-fearing men. This is possible if at present a cry for efficient teachers at
only men whose minds are saturated with our mission stations, so much so that
| the love of Jesus are employed as teachers one begins to think of how soon our
of those who will by their preaching and hopes will come to their full realization.
living ameliorate the present condition of But we know that what seems hard to
their people. If the Home Committee us now is to God an easy thing. We
| then wish to realise the fruit of the therefore leave everything in His hands,
labours they now intend to do among the knowing that He will bring all things to
| ’Mendis—I say this with the strongest a satisfactory and successful end.
: emphasis—that the getting first of quali- I thank you again so much for any help
fied Mendi teachers is the one thing need- for my future betterment.
| ful; for all other things take their rise JosrpH B. JoHNson.
| ee cae
| Sg piece tee asia He Be 7 2e:) Ga
| eae ee, Me | hie
cee gh a a ee Pe ummnemno ty (a | all a ea
| | Fe oi aa a re aaa Se
| eee ee. | een a.
at ih
| ee ee a 1 | Coa ie cd
: Peek AL Se ee
The Beach, Freetown. 1g

Srp ap one
KB Cre eA
Fal ie sl i a ee IT a Sg ARR
y BG ‘ Fy ra a ak gia a ee ne ert ae 4 Sy
hess eo Ne re = 1 I ES a ceame, ~— we eh “st AES y
[is pees, . pe —_ cerca nme: ra ieee ee ee et Sar Cay (
Mrs. J. B. BROOKS, ’B. Litt.
Our President : By R.W.GAIR. @ Charm of manner and a gracious and
Mrs. E. G. WARREN. An Appreciation. "sunny disposition which make her a pleas-
F the President’s office in the W.M.A. fue yee tachooute antec devighttul
> “ nara riend. er husban r, &, G, Warren,
| isa great nonour— and beyond doubt J.P. , C.C., and for long: years the circuit
on a3, Beau seven Siew aman ott ena a
wurde ) " ye, grace, and their home life is as rich in
bury, merits it ; for she has to her credit its family affections as it is strong’ in its
a record of Service rendered in quict ioyvalties. To be under their roof is to
ways as well as in the public eye equalled 5.4) yourself in a temple of freedom or a __
by few. .
Mrs. Warren undoubtedly inherits from hayes of esse in the church Mrs
- ? - 2 r . S xX7 n . ‘ . * : .
he ge father the late Rew: J. Swat var gn nerve Everythi
which go to make up a most attractive early raining her to. Christian senviee
and compelling personality. She is ever which ‘influences she honoured by ready
alert, quick in discernment as in move- . obedience as to the voice of God By
ment, apt in speech, decided in her this road of real devotion to good causes
opinions, firm in her convictions, and her he h : t a hich vl: 8 tl . "
energy is boundless. To these she adds S76 DAS Come TO a hig’ place mm me Per
: sonal regard and confidence of others.
She finds interest in many fields of ser-
vice. She is keen on the Women’s Insti-
tute movement, and is a member of the
See County Committee of Wilts, besides
ae SS ee having been president of the local branch
Fem «ae ae in the village of Downton. She works
a ee % in a similar capacity in the county for
ee Va = the Blind, and has recently been ap-
eae pointed a governor of the new secondary
ia ee eee school in Salisbury. These, however,
Pe mh ea do not supplant her Church work to which
‘ A she has given herself without stint all
en through the years, and in which she finds
ll the missionary cause her chief joy. Her
i i i daughters used to say of her missionary
. es ae work, “It is Mother’s hobby.” E
ee ke tes It was through the influence of the late
5 a . Be Rey. John Truscott. that Mrs. Warren
Be 5, became the first secretary of the branch
ee te of the L.M.A., formed at Milford Street,
ee ee Salisbury. After Methodist’ Union she
ieee 2 es Se, was elected President of the W.M.A. in
Fo lle ies Ta Behe the newly-formed Portsmouth District, a :
a” ee = position she held for seventeen years.
Po ol iS She has .also served on the W.M.A.
Council. In. addition to a well trained
Perse Be a aes and fully informed mind, coupled with a

Recollections of a Letter, Read a Long Time Since
gift of leadership, Mrs. Warren brings to . we the true and earnest missionary spirit
her high office a real love for missionary ~in our hearts?” It should be as a lamp,
work. No call upon her time or gifts that once lighted, nothing shall shade or
will be lightly turned down. Our mis- belittle the light it gives: a light that
: sions and missionaries will be her first will ever grow steadier, stronger and
‘ thought. With such workers our Church brighter. Can we here at home realize
Re is rich and for their worth’s sake we ap- as we should what it means to those who
3 preciate them. have never heard of Christ, to be told the
“ wonderful story of Him who came to seek
= The President’s Message. and to save all,
As the newly-appointed President of “How beautiful upon the mountains are
s our W.M.A., I should so like to wish the feet of Him that bringeth good
ey you each one—as well as all the readers tidings; that publisheth peace.”
aS of the Ecno—“A Bright and Happy Our W.M.A. has a fine record that you
. New Year!” . ~ and I must keep up. We are increasing
2 I am sure you will know how deeply I !® membership and funds. | Now I will
5 appreciate the honour that has been ask you to promise me and yourselves
é bestowed upon me. Many years ago, that you will go on doing your utmost to
S when I was the first secretary for the further this work. Will you pray often
‘ W.M.A. at Milford Street, Salisbury, I for our missionaries, remembering how
: never dreamed of becoming the Council any prayers have been heard and
re President. If has grown into such im- answered by those of us at home, for
ES portance; so steadily, that I feel that, those on the field, in parts that we know
3 with God’s help and yours, it is going not ; neither do we know of all the dis-
RS {it to be a great organization for increasing couragement with which they meet. We
: | the knowledge of Jesus Christ our Lord do want them to feel that we are think-
; throughout the world. There may be ing prayerfully about them. .
some amongst you who remember my Let us ask for the great things and
Se | father—the Rev. J. Swann Withington. the small shall be added,
He was President of the then Free Ask for the Heavenly things and the
Methodist Church, and was Editor of the carthly shall be added.”
S Connexional Magazine for some years. Again i say, “A very Happy New Year
I want my message to you for this you!” and may God bless you each
coming year to take the form of a ques- One 1m your homes and in your churches.
> tion. Let us each ask ourselves, ‘Have B. WuTHINGTON WARREN.
: of> oS eo
| Recollections of a Letter, ted.
| Read a Long Time Since. T. SHAWCROSS.
| T was a letter ; and it was sent to me. letter contained news of a terribly dis-
| But it did not come through the quieting nature, concerning the health of
Post ; and the writer never knew me. two—very, very dear to me. The letter
Indeed, he had been dead many years was followed by a telegram. A telegram
| before I received the letter; he died be- in those days was an event. It is yet.
| fore letters (except in the sense of the I never open one without some fear. On
| alphabet) were of any interest to me. that occasion the fear was justified ; and
| And yet | doubt if any letter, ever re- I set out ona long railway journey, with
| ceived by me, has had so immediate an a heart stone cold with dread. A day or
effect upon me, er seemed more like a two before my news came, a friend lent
| message from a friend, who knew what I me Maurice’s “Letters to a Missionary.”
| needed. In what seemed at the time, rather an
_ The circumstances were peculiar. I excited mood, I slipped that book into
| had received a letter of the ordinary my bag.
| kind, through the ordinary course. This During the journey my mind seemed

Recollections of a Letter, Read a Long Time Since
quite sufficiently occupied with its anxiety. gions of the heathen that are fitted, pecu-
Yet, in time, this dread monopolist, like liarly, to them. Their environment, their
other monopolists, defeated itself; and culture, their religion—all of a_ piece.
the mind turned over, demanding some And God is surely with them. His
other occupation. I took out Maurice. Divine method of evolution may be .
I had not read many minutes, before I hushed. You must see that it would be
came across a sentence something like a hardship to impose our religion upon
the following : “Our Heavenly Father is them. Your missionaries seem to be ad-
always and everywhere working against mitting something along these lines.
the suffering and disease of His chil- .. . Trust in God, and leave them alone.
dren.” I do not possess the book ; and But we say, look at the horrors of black .
I know the unreliable nature of my qartness in which these children of the
memory. pst well, fo suggest that Ehaye Highest live. Before the issue of Crau-
quoted correctly. And yet the quotation fos “Thinking Black,” but much more
must be not far from correct. Psycholo- since, great numbers of people have
gists will understand my certainty. sickened at the bare imagination of the
, And so, the letter. It was sent tome. terrors of the “life” of myriads of the
There was no mistake in the delivery. It benighted. Missionaries, men. and women,
had not been detained in the post. At must be brave, to see, and still endure.
least its message came, just when it was “ - / ;
needed most. . . I donot think I read Well, but,” comes the reassurrance.
much more. I can remember, almost the “Use and wont.” The people have never
part of the, then, monotonous flats, be- known aught else. The difference be-
tween Northallerton and York, where this tween their experience, and your imagi-
light broke in upon my poor tortured nation of their experience, 1s almost in-
soul. And, to the end of my journey, finite. They are happy enough. Their
nearly, a healing hope possessed me. method of living is suited to them. They
My Heavenly Father, the Mighty God, re better than you can make them. ak
is fighting disease! And so one’s mind . , . . .
girded up its loins. All nature, at the In face of the spirit of the age, the
command of its Maker, is up in arms for case for Foreign Missions needs to be a
ws nd Hey the Conteolle, marshals Gmphasise. Part of the consequence of
ness that gains the right kind of victor the decline of Religion is, that “this pre:
Race on “Express ; jet tie bein’ at the cious cause of Missions becomes an
ficht , , © ‘eet of superciliousness, . And, thank
ne . . . . \.od, at this very time, and in face of the
age, the Cause is not only not languish-
Is it not strange that the cause of ing, but is actually girding itself for
Foreign Missions does not languish. fresh enterprise.
Think what attractive, subtle, spiritual What is the secret?
uence aye been at work for a My old letter has it. Our Heavenly
ae ; all tending to weaken the father is always and where fighti
appeal of missions to the heathen. . always. everywhere he hting:
. 3 against that which hurts His children.
The Judge of all the earth will do Disease, ignorance, bestiality, slavery,
right.” In these days there is no wist- oppression of all sorts: these are things
fulness associated with these words. Men against which the Mighty God leads His
are not timorously encouraging a hope, hosts. And whenever this Truth finds a
which, some day, perhaps, may become a__ man, he springs to his feet to join in the
settled conviction. We say that we know. fight.
Roe nae we neds eens _ That is, there is an ineradicable instinct
heathen. He has not left Himself with- pours to join up with that which is the
out witnes He will j : Best, for him ; and engage in that which
ness. e will judge aright. Let Gccupies his B mat ‘
them alone pies his Best. There is no argument.
vee : . He needs none. He sees, and, therefore,
Again.’ There are elements in the reli- if necessary, endures.

What Our Missionaries Say. Some New Year's Messages.
Great Changes Foreshadowed. We reply that we must have our
Ir is not unlikely that the future of revenge ! How shall we take our revenge?
: missionary endeavour in China will under- By an immediate increase of our Metho-
go a great change. The Chinese are dist forces in China. Tor it 1s not John
asserting themselves and desiring a Chinaman who is our chief enemy, but
si greater share in the direction of church — the evil forces which have enslaved him
ss affairs. The question arises: should and are utilising him as a tool to thwart
‘ self-government be given only in’ pro- and, if possible, defeat, all that makes
“ portion to the attainment in regard to for the uplift and ultimate salvation of
. self-support, or should the grant from the China.
Home Board be entrusted to. the Chinese Some of us can no longer stand up to
SS that they may develop the work of the the demands of this gloricus warfare, Yet,
= Church in their own way and accord- 1 Methodism is still part of the Church
< ing to their own understanding of the Militant, there must be scores of young
» needs of their people? We need to menand women who will hear in this tem-
S give to this matter sympathetic attention porary retreat a challenge to their souls to
; and to pray for the guidance of God in $0 forth, with the Son of God, to war.
ce this crisis in the development of the To all young men and women who love
= Church of Christ in China. a good fight, who do not want a “soft ”
~ c. E. Hicks. job, but a sphere where there is need for
: . daring, scope for initiative and sacrifice,
Be not Faint-hearted, but Believing. and opportunity for service which de-
BS Wuen building a breakwater in the mands all that they are, or have, we
sea, for months there is nothing but would Say, Enlist in the / Methodist
bx throwing away huge masses of costly “oreign Legion for service on the Chinese
= material, with no result to show. But battlefront. C. N. MLyNe.
only so can the foundations be laid, and The Preaching of Christ Will
: only on these unseen foundations can the Never Cease
visible structure be raised. Stop building mo . .
5 before the superstructure is finished and Ir is impossible to speak with any
vour labour is lost. A century ago, the certainty about the immediate future in
= Protestant Churches set out to build the China. The Church of Christ in that land
Kingdom of God in China, but this year a 1S passing through a very severe time of
: crisis has come and some lovers of the testing. Christians are being sneered at
missionary cause are becoming faint- for belonging toa foreign cult and there-
hearted. My New Year message to read- fore not being real Chinese, but merely
ers of the MuisstoNary Ecuo is: “Be the “running dogs ” of foreigners. aa
strong, fear not, pray everywhere, lifting believe that nothing can eliminate Chris-
up holy hands without doubting. The tianity from China. There are sufficient
foundations have been laid and a King- devout followers of the Master in almost
S | dom will be built which shall be the ¢very part of the country to ensure that,
| dwelling-place of a happy, peaceful even if the persecution becomes greater,
people, and in which the laughter of little nothing can extinguish the flame,
| children will be richer music than temple The Chinese Church will need our
| bells. To be builders of such a Kingdom — Prayers and our help as never before. It
is a great and glorious work.”’ may be that our help will have to be
: Wut H. Hupspertn. given in different ways, but it would be
fatal to the unity of the Christian Church
We Must Have Our Revenge! in the world if we were to allow a single
Herre we are dispossessed and dis- strand of the band that binds the Church
| inherited. © John: Chinaman is treating in this country to that in China to be
his best friends in a strange way. broken dy us. Whenever and however
| He has murdered some; inflicted all the opportunity is given us to carry on
manner of outrages and indignities on the work that we have set our hands to
others, sending us out of his country and given our hearts to, we must do it
while tolerating those who bleed him re- in the same spirit that out first
morselessly. How shall we deal with to work in the foreign field.
| him? Tuos. W. CHAPMAN.
| 20

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‘‘Many multitudes, whom none hath numbered, seek Him and find
Him, for He is not far.’’ —F. W.H. Myers’ ‘St. PAUL.’’
The Widower Lady
: : HOSIE.
of ‘Tientsin.
NE day in Tientsin I broke my next; but no glasses. So as I was visit-
GQ eye-glasses. Now in the south ing a friend of mine in his neighbourhood
of China there are spectacle-shops -—a young’ Chinese gentleman, Li Cheng,
at every turn and corner: too many by and his wife—I asked Li Cheng after tea
far, one hopes. Every second Southern to come with me to upbraid the spec-
Chinese seems to wear glasses, and one _ tacle-maker in good round Chinese. We
wonders if they really are necessary. arrived at the neatly-kept shop. The
The African of to-day, I hear, is just as
susceptible to their fascination; but :
very sensibly, he wears his round the ‘
back of his neck or under his nose if the : :
glass seriously incommodes him. In the
North of China, however, spectacles are . ii
pleasingly rare. The northern Chinese is Re Peal
a bigger, broader-made man than his se ow
southern brother : is less of a townsman, “i age jee Ser
and has glorious sunlight for seven A pa Uy ee a
months in the year. ce ee ee i Maar
However it comes about, instead of eee ee a Se. es:
being lamentably multitudinous as in ff weed a Soo eT ee ’
Shanghai, spectacle-shops have to be Pe jee
sought for diligently in Tientsin. On I |i > pe ore es
trundled in my rickshaw till at last, far [™) ys ‘OLS paste aeons,
in the heart of the Japanese Concession |, eee Sega en
with its wide streets, its trams, and its |°>~S="8By — Willig Fea: ae eee
hundreds of Chinese shops mingled with | “== eo.
relatively few Japanese, I spied the win- | °° =: a ie
dow full of spectacles of every variety |. . //aes ae
of American device for which I was seek- |~ .f ae ee
ing. The head of the establishment, a aap ee Re
young Chinese of seven and twenty, |peiiittress amnapll sane Sega:
dressed in a long dark grey gown, wear- Joes oe
ing a little round black satin cap with ae Caan ae Ga epee aes
a red button on the top, promised me [eee ge ee anes
my glasses the next day at the hotel. Tae Pee ; Pe uae ae
The next day came, and again the Sldjady doing her nterimage tothe
[All Rights Reserved.] (Photo: Lady Hosie.

The Widower of Tientsin
young shopkeeper saw me; came across cheeks. Silence—and that widower’s
and said, “You have come for your quiet tears.
glasses.” What could I do? What can anyone
“You promised me them yesterday,’ do, or say, in such circumstances? But
was my reproach. his sorrow and his silence came across
He looked at me; then, very simply the baize table to us like an_ electric
; but with very great dignity, said in his — shock.
~< student’s English, “My wife is died yes- Perhaps speech would be good for
Si terday.” The tears came to his eyes. him. ‘How old was your Within-One? ”
x “But,” he added, “if you will wait five I asked: the polite question China asks.
or ten minutes, your glasses. shall be “Twenty-two: only that,’ he an-
ready.”” I could but thank him. swered, lifting troubled eyes for a
S I sat down, opposite him at a table minute. ;
covered with baize ; and he began to work Alas ; only twenty-two.
SS away with his slender clever fingers, “Tt was a baby?” I queried ; for it so
xs | manipulating the tiny screws under a_ often is, in China.
; ; green-shaded electric lamp. Tor the “Yes, our first,” he answered; “a
: Chinese shop in the big cities and ports little girl, well and healthy, so my
xX - has all the appurtenances of modern mother-in-law says. But I—I cannot
SI material progress. Li Cheng sat near care.” ,
: me, clearing his throat at intervals. I He told me they would have liked a
could feel his embarrassed sympathy foreign doctor, but that would have been
Se with the man: for while we sat and the too dear. They did call in Dr. Mei at
S spectacle-maker deftly used his pliers, last, a Chinese doctor of the London
his hands being in the full light of the Missionary Society, whose reputation for
: lamp, there in the shadow we could both devotion and skill is deservedly great.
see the tears running slowly down his “But by that time, he had to tell me,
it was too late,” said the young husband.
Then silence again; and the tears
| | | flowed more freely for the speaking.
S } \ Suddenly a thought struck me. I put
| | my hand into my embroidered bag and
found what I wanted. The Rev. G. W.
| Sheppard of our Mission, whom we have
: | 2 been proud to lend to be head of the
| j | British and Foreign Bible Society in
Ea Pa Shanghai—a noble work—had invited me,
i aa aa when I was there, to go one Sunday
Saray fe eer | morning with him while he took a service
| eee e(ar | ie S| at the Municipal gaol for Chinese
| : BS i > aes prisoners. It is a model gaol, and its
Pe RE: eo > @| humane methods are beyond praise, as is
| eo ee Rie oe also the reformatory for young offenders.
ere 4 ped \ ae A few Englishmen are in charge, and
| aes ee ee ve : their kindness and justice and humanity
1 ee | Se cae ks. Se made me a proud and happy woman. The
Be ee aS ke ener aN prisoners walk about with the smallest
Rit ears es oe amount of oversight one could imagine.
Pa Sapte CAP Shea GS oe cc er eo The heaviest punishment for a recalcit-
Cate | rant is to be left in his cell, which has
| ee ~ Seem} = open bars all across the front, and watch
| i a my Y= =X | his mates work and be compelled to
: Pe eS Be Gey! ~~ endure a day’s idleness himself !
: es Ge he eae ae There is no chapel or central hall. But
| : 2 —! =the Shanghai Municipal Council, the
Incense-Burner’s Temple on hill above Hangchow. larger number of whom are British mer-
The tired coolie sits at its foot. The priest uses chants serving voluntarily as do our
| itasadrying-pole on washing-day. io: Lady Hosie. councillors in England, some time ago

The Widower of Tientsin
decided that good physical conditions Christ is risen and become the first-fruits
were not enough for the prisoners, but of them that sleep : in which, he calls
that the spirit needed help also. In upon all creation, from the fish in the
order to avoid controversy amongst the sea to the stars in the heavens, to wit-
denominations, they discreetly asked the ness to the certainty and reasonableness
head of the Bible Society, which is inter- of our resurrection with Christ, whatever
- denominational, to take charge of these the form it shall take, and joyously calls :
souls. Mr. -Sheppard has gathered a those “fools”? who quibble over matter :
little band of his former students at our and regard not spirit. Soon Li Cheng
Ningpo College. | Christians, they give handed me the open book. I hesitated,
up their Sunday mornings to this piece as anyone may, to intrude. Yet what x
of work. One was a clerk in the Mari- other comfort is there? So I pushed the |
| time Customs ; another, on the staif of a book diffidently towards him and said, |
British firm which sells kerosene oil and “We foreigners read this chapter of our
candles all over China, the Asiatic Holy Book when our precious ones return
Petroleum Company ; the third, a trader to Heaven. Can you read it? ’’—for I <
on his own account, who shuts up shop was not even sure that he could read. |
on Sundays. Mr. Sheppard left me with He took the book and began to read. |
the kerosene-oil man, having provided Then he pushed it away and broke into SS
me with a pocket Chinese New Testa- a radiance that astonished me.
ment. And a very beautiful face has this “Oh,” he cried, in Chinese, “then you
Mr. Wu—as strikingly illuminated as Dr. are a Christian too ! ”
Wang, the leper doctor’s, | had met at He put his hand below his desk, and
- Hangchow. In a few months Mr. Wu from a shelf that was evidently under- |
was to die of typhus. The water in the neath, brought out a Chinese book. It |
part of Shanghai where he lived was sup- was the Gospel of St. John—open at the
plied by a waterworks under Chinese — fourteenth chapter. / es
management. It had been allowed to He began to read those words, beloved, :
become badly impregnated with impuri- [ suppose, above every other words in
ties and with cholera bacilli, and Chinese the world, “Let not your heart be
that summer in that area of Chapei, a troubled.’’ “I have been reading this all |
crowded and insalubrious native area out- day long in the intervals of business,” he |
side the Settlement, died by thousands. said. ‘TI cannot tell you what solace it |
Well do I remember Mr. Wu’s text. I has been. For I do know that my dear
never heard a more applicable: “They wife is only in another of the Father’s
that are whole need not a physician; but’ mansions, and that He will look after
they that are sick.”’ The convicts smiled us both wherever we are—here or there. yl
like children when Mr. Wu asked them if Only, it will be so long before I see her
they had ever gone buying medicines at again. And she was so sweet.”
the medicine-shops when they were feel- He told me he was a member of the :
ing perfectly well: and their faces China Inland Mission Church. I was ‘in i
sobered like children’s when he told them amaze. Like the woman of Samaria, who |
that they were “sick.” took her water-pot to the well and found, 8
I had kept the little Testament in my instead, the Water of Life, I had gone }
hand-bag ever since, though I had never seeking for eye-glasses, and had been |
used it since that morning in Shanghai. vouchsafed a vision of faith, hope and oe
Now I had a use for it in Tientsin. While love.
the thoughts about the prison had Very true it is that to him that giveth
flashed through my memory, my eye- it shall be given—full measure and run- i
glasses were gradually being put together ning over. We send the Truth as it has |
under the electric lamp, and silence filled been given to us out to foreign lands. ;
the spectacle shop. I passed Li Cheng Back its echo comes ringing, clearly,
quietly the little Testament and whispered — surely, to reinforce and confirm our own fi
to him to find the fifteenth chapter of — faith. Troubled we are by many things |
First Corinthians. He also should share —by doubts (it would seem at times) as i
in trying to help. Perhaps that chapter to the power of Christ to help China: by
would comfort the forlorn young husband, _ perplexities as to whether China wants or
in which St. Paul cries out that of course is ready for the message as we try to |
23 i

My First Impressions in Mendiland
: send it. The voice of that Chinese his Gospel in Chinese, calls back to us
widower in Tientsin as he sing-songs, from round the echoing world, though
Chinese fashion, his way through the from the depths of sorrow, the Master’s
verses, running his delicate-pointed finger words, “Let not your heart be troubled.
down the strangely-printed columns of . . . Yebelieve in God . . .”
x a {- s-
< My First Impressions Rev.
: in Mendiland nan
oi ERE is an outline of our recent tour rivalled Joseph’s coat of many colours.
~ B round our stations in the Tikon- He has a natural gift of oratory, which
cs ko area, and of some of the was not clouded by his having to stop
‘ happenings which most impressed and _ occasionally for the sake of interpretation.
% interested me. He recalled the long ministry of the
RS Our first stay was at Bo. The Rev. Rev. A. E. Greensmith, under whose
= E. J. T. Harris had arranged a special supervision the present church was built.
: welcome meeting, in place of the usual He, himself, with many of his people had
Mendi service held on Sunday afternoons. helped to clear the ground, and carry
se The usual service is held in the chief’s materials for the building of the church,
ES compound. This was held in the church. and he retained an interest in its work.
The Paramount Chief, however, attended He had been to England and whilst there
; to bid me welcome on behalf of his people. he had met Mr. Greensmith, who had
| The General Superintendent was in the embraced him like a brother. He felt
chair, while one of our Bo teachers, Mr. that in the white missionaries who came
; Johnson, acted as interpreter. among them, he and his people had real
Kamanda made a picturesque figure as friends. When he saw the lovely country
| he rose to speak. He was adorned, rather of England, he could hardly understand
than clothed, in a brilliant scarlet robe, why Englishmen should leave it to come
S and wore slippers which might have to Mendiland, especially when they did
not come for
: & | personal gain.
a | = He _knew that it
il was for the
-| good of his
. people, and he
emit would support
, TEE afl the work, and
Al gE Be tell his people to
Sd Le [fe “| do so, too. They
: A TT 4 ase who had seen the
“A uae 11 aL i Light would wel-
ag MUN ME 8614 come those who
eZ aoe et i Ws A y came to bring
‘ see: es pu ay, pi | LP fae ae = ats te ea that Light.
ae os oti Np a ee Kamanda does
peor on | erie! be oes ele oa eee not represent a
Bog 2 ee | Wie TPT nd Sees fe view which is
ee lee | A ieee] 9° | common, yet
ee A | there is no doubt
ee that his visit to
ee | Created a new in-
Boma Sea Bence Sa a Rc PB cB REL Mia RE ee a asad ne aa ee terest in that
The Mission House, Freetown, Sierra Leone. [Photo : Rev. E. Cocker. Cause in which
a4 |

My First Impressions in Mendiland
we have left it, an interest which will workers, and told how he had_ served
spread in time through the hearts of his some. He regretted, he said, that he
people. had not benefited as he might have
Our second call was at Tikonko, my done from their work, but he was anxious
future home. The quasj-civilization one that his little son should be trained to
meets at Bo has not yet reached Tikonko, become a good and true man. Would I
and life here is still in a very primitive take the boy to live with me, and train
form. Vincent, our minister at Tikonko, him to be a Christian boy and man? He
has become quite an institution in the life would provide both food and clothing: if
of Tikonko, and is held by the people in 1 would do the rest. I promised I would,
respect and esteem. He, too, had ar- and the father replied that he knew the
ranged a welcome service, to be held in white man always kept his promises. So
the school-barrie. Kamgbai, the Para- that from the moment I take up my resi-
mount Chief, attended with several of his dence at Tikonko I shall be an adopted
headmen and many people. They brought father. I asked the boy’s father how old
with them two Bundu devils. These were Momo was. That puzzled him. Such
women dressed in a weird straw dress, things never enter their heads.
and wearing a mask which, for shape, Then we set out to visit our new
reminded me of the domes which sur- _ stations in the towns of Bendu, Kpeyama, :
mount the minarets of a mosque. .and Gbangema. Our first call was at
Attached to their hands were two or three = Kpeyama, and here we met the unpleas-
bells, which provided an unexpected ant side of our work. » Saidhu, the Para-
accompaniment to our singing. The mount Chief, had only heard of our in- ~
devils stayed outside the barrie until the tended visit on the previous afternoon,
service was over, and we could inspect and had had that morning a long walk
them at leisure. Christian worship inside through the bush to get to Kpeyama. He
the barrie—heathen devils outside—this was not in the sweetest of tempers, and
is typical of all our work in Mendiland. our palaver was not of the pleasantest.
The two opposing ways of life are found Mr. Cocker managed to get a smile on
always side by side, and those who gather his face before we finished, and then we
with us in worship, or at school, pass found out the probable reason of his surli-
from the Christian to the Heathen almost ness. The chief drew us on one side.
as soon as they recross the threshold of |The walk that morning had been a long
the barrie wherein they have met. one, and cold, too; had we not got any
When the crowd had returned to the fire-water to give him? Mr. Cocker ex-
town, one man stayed behind. He wasa_ plained that we thought that there was
brother of the chief’s, and had been a devil in fire-water, and had nothing to
trained in our school. He recalled all our do with it. As far as the chiefs are con-
wt". e ee }
RE fe s
re ae x ae a, = Z ~ 5
He eee be A oN
= Pr” AMER BA bale
Ser ee esi. a i aS Sta - a ee |
Bee ee a Ls eee Se eS Be
ee Ge acct . ace gh
Ee ee spe ae
a Pee eS :
Sit Rey Hee ete oregronnd. [Photo : Rev. E. Cocker.
: 25

: My First Impressions of Mendiland
> cerned at least, this is one of the big trained for baptism. The service was
troubles of this country. just a brief one, in the Mendi tongue. I
SI After such an experience, it was a gave a short address, one of the schoo!
real pleasure to arrive, though only after boys who had come with us acting as
x a measure of toil and tribulation, at interpreter. ;
; Gbangema. Mr. S. B. Johnson, our The missionaries at Bunumbu, their
nk agent, has toiled. faithfully and well at teachers, and the men from ‘the Evan-
x this station, and though it has been going gelical Training Institute there, trek to
Be only for nine months, he has established — ghout twenty villages around Bunumbu ~
Ss a prosperous and developing mission. each Sunday morning. There are vil-
Pokowa, the Paramount Chief, is a fine, lages where two to three hundred gather
Ss fatherly old man, interested in his to worship, often in no other church than
2 people’s welfare and favourable to our that which Nature herself provides in the
. work. - His son, Lahai, is a keen friend open air. The way to many of the vil-
= of the mission, and himself is a mission lages lies through streams which must
Ke boy of the C.M.S. Pokowa has two be waded, and which in the rainy season
= daughters at the Wesleyan Mission are almost impassable. Such lay in our
x School at Segbwema, and in honour of path as we went to our appointment. The
SS , the appointment of a new English mis- eagerness which these village folk in
S sionary to the Mendi people, he brought. Mendiland are showing for the Word is
: another to give to our school. I hope one of the signs of the coming of a mass
x the day is not far distant when we shall movement to Christ in this country. The
RS have a special girls’ school for such. We work of the last four years has made
3 should get the scholars. such a thing almost inevitable. We pray
Be We were met by Pokowa, Lahai, and that we shall’ be ready as a Christian
: many of the headmen and townsfolk. As Church when that time comes. The
es we had been stranded in the town for mass movement came in some parts of
S the night, Mr. Johnson arranged for a the West Coast, and found the church
: service in the barrie of the town. It was unprepared. I hope that we shall be
‘ for me an unforgettable experience. The ready when the ingathering comes here.
| barrie was lit by the light of one or two One thing tries the imagination of the
oil lamps. We could just discern the missionary traveller in Mendiland, and
xs rows of dark faces around the barrie saddens him too. The work that is being
walls. The schoolboys sat in the centre done is great, but almost one-sided,
Ss and led the singing of the hymns. The wholly. The women are untouched.
whole service was in Mendi, Mr. John- Few girls attend our schools. We have
son, a Mendi man himself, acting as only one woman teacher, at Bo. There
} interpreter for Mr. Cocker and myself, isa great opportunity for us, if we would
when we gave short addresses. As the but take it.
service progressed, I felt the promise ful- In the evening service at Bunumbu,
: | filled, that “Where two or three are Mr. Cocker gave the address. As_ the
| gathered together in My Name, there am interpreter gave it to the people, there
I in the midst of them.”’ were many murmurs, sometimes of
The next day we had to leave. We assent, sometimes of contrition. The
paid a very brief visit to Bendu, on our — subject was ‘‘The Way of Life.”’
; -way back to Bo, and saw the splendid “Vou know people who are treading
work that is being done by Mr. Taylor on the wrong pathway, don’t you?”’
| there. Immediately there came a voice from
Our tour was concluded by a visit to the rear, “We are treading the wrong
the Wesleyan Methodist Mission at path.”
Bunumbu, the centre of a far-reaching “But you want to tread along the
| influence in Upper Mendiland. On the right one, don’t you? ”’
Sunday morning I went with one of the “Ves!”
| two workers to a village an hour’s walk The desires of many, many folk are
vu through the bush from the Mission. The expressed in that confession. Shall we
whole village was out to service. Many not answer that craving by showing them
| of the folk were already members, whilst that path of Life revealed in the Christ
many more were catechumens, being of Nazareth?
| | 26

F th
eeacaen Rev. C. STEDEFORD. |
Mission House. |
Fighting and Glimpses of the state of Our Churches We are glad to be able to
Brigandage things in Yunnan, given — are kept report that our churches :
in Yunnan. in letters recently received in Peace. in Yunnan are quietly ;
from Mr. Dymond and continuing their work
Mr. May, show that the province is in a notwithstanding the troubled state of 5
most unsettled state. Brigands work the province. Mr. Dymond writes: “I
their depredations without restraint. The hear from Chaotong that things are
larger towns can establish some defence. quiet with them there. All is well, too, Si
The value, and even the necessity, of the at Tong Chuan and -Stone Gateway ;
walls around Chinese towns is amply though the work in the district around
demonstrated in such a time as this. Tong Chuan is hindered by brigands, the
Outside the towns the people are the city work goes on. It is really with all |
helpless prey of roving brigands. These of usa case of just holding on. To-day,
brigands enjoy complete liberty because Armistice Day, we had a good muster
rival military leaders are fighting for of missionaries at the China Inland Mis- =
supreme power, sion ; we had united prayer for China,
In the autumn the fighting was around the day being’ appointed as a day of fast-
the capital city, Yunnanfu. According to M8 and prayer throughout the churches
Mr. Dymond, “all shops were shut, © China.
streets barricaded, and throughout the
night the ‘ ping’ of rifle bullets kept up Geod News John Li, B.A., the
a ceaseless din.” Since that time the from Chaotong. brother of Miss — Li
approach of soldiers from the neighbour- Shuang Mei, is the pas- ,
ing provinces of Szechuan and Kueichow tor of our church at Chaotong. We re-
has caused the scene of the struggle to ported a short time since that some per-
move eastward in the direction of Chao- sons at Chaotong had requested baptism
tong. Writing on November 11th, Mr. and admission to church membership
Dymond says: “A big battle is impend- since the retirement of the missionaries.
ing at a place 75 li from here, on the The best evidence of the good work of
Chaotong road, called Chang-po. There the past is to see a church remaining
soldiers from Szechuan and Kueichow, steadfast, and even adding to its mem-
together with men under Hu-roh-iand Co, bership, after all the missionaries are
are meeting the soldiers of Long-uin and withdrawn. We can _ therefore read
his party. Many thousands of men went much meaning into the following sen-
out of the city yesterday and of course we _tences in Mr. Dymond’s letter. “John Li
all wonder what the result may be. All says that at Chaotong some are burning
kinds of things are possible.” idols and joining the Church. A lady
named Wang, who lived some time in
The Return of The state of things de- Shanghai, has come there and is a most .
Missionaries scribed in the note above ¢arnest Christian.” Let us thank God
Barred. bars the way for the ‘for these tokens of His help and guid-
return of missionaries to nce, and cease not to pray. that all ;
any inland stations in the province of | $tace may abound toward the Chinese
Yunnan. The British and American Con- Christians in this their day of trial.
suls refuse permission for them to proceed
further than the capital. The journey to The Life of The presence of Dr.
Chaotong occupies thirteen days and Mr, a Teacher Brassington saved the
Dymond was most desirous to get there Saved in life of one of our best
for the annual meeting, but permission Meru. teachers in Meru, named
could not be obtained. _ Missionaries of Hezekiah. Dr. Brassing-
various societies are waiting impatiently ton says: “On Thursday night, Novem.
for the opportunity to re-occupy their in- ber 17th, he was dying ; to-day, Novem-
land stations, and the opportunity still ber 25th, he is back in school after an
seems to be remote. attack of worms and cerebral malaria.
27 . }

; From the Mission House
However, I do not claim the credit, but manner.” We honour their memory, and
: as he is our best teacher I am feeling the memory of all our friends whose
grateful for his recovery, It was worth a names are recorded in our list of Legacies.
night’s watching.” We reckon, too, it
is worth having a doctor on the station to The National The fifth annual meeting
i deal with such emergency cases. Christian of the National Christian
S Council Council of China was held
= Rey. A. H. On January 27th, Rev. of China. last October. The Coun-
< Tomlinson A. H. Tomlinson em- cil has had to sail over
ae Sailing for barked on the P. and O. tempestuous seas. The wisdom and faith
: Ningpo. ss. ‘Mantua,” and is of the leaders have been taxed to the
SS now speeding across the utmost. Notwithstanding the present
NS waters toward Ningpo, the latest in the troubles the Council was held as origin-
= line of a noble succession of workers in ally planned. In a letter concerning it
; that sphere. Mr. Tomlinson was desig- the General Secretary, Dr. C. Y. Cheng
S nated for Ningpo by the last Conference, says-: ‘“‘The meeting was well attended,
2 but as Ningpo was then closed to and a fine spirit of Christian fellowship
Si Britishers he was appointed to a home dominated it from the first day to the _
eS circuit until the way to Ningpo re-opened. last. We have come back from it feel-
Re Ningpo was re-occupied in October. The ing greatly encouraged. A good part of
same month saw Rev. J. Jackson arrive the time of the meeting was given to
BS from East Africa on account of impaired reports of the experiences of the churches
> health. The Todmorden Circuit was re- in various parts of the land during the
quested to release Mr. Tomlinson and past year. It was thrilling to hear of the
: allow Mr. Jackson to fill his place until hardship sustained by the servants of
the Conference. This exchange was God and, at the same time, the spiritual
. made at the end of last year, when the benefit received through this time of
health of Mr. Jackson was fully re- tribulation. The note of hopefulness was
stored. Mr. Tomlinson had won the on the lips of each speaker for the future
S hearts of the friends in his circuit: they growth of the Christian movement in
were sorry to lose him, but for the sake China which was very encouraging
of our work in Ningpo they gave their indeed.”
consent in a spirit which is much appre- “This meeting held under these cir-
: ciated. May every blessing attend both cumstances has strengthened the sense of
Mr. Tomlinson and Mr. Jackson in their Christian solidarity. It was felt that
respective spheres. unless the Christian people show forth
their oneness with Christ and with each
A Laudable The bequest of £756 other, they cannot face the storm out-
Legacy. 9s. 10d. has been re- side. The Chinese Church has always
| ceived from the Executors longed for union and co-operation, but at
of the late Rev. Edward Thomas. The the present time this sense of Christian
money is being invested and will yield unity becomes a very great and important
permanent support for the work of our factor in the development of the work in
Church overseas. This last expression the immediate future. If the Church is
of his missionary zeal accords with the led to a greater degree of mutual under-
spirit which animated the long and useful standing and helpfulness, we certainly
ministry of Mr. Thomas. Born in Bel- should regard the events of the year as
fast much of his ministry was spent in a real blessing in disguise.”
Ireland. He lived to be ninety-two, and
during’ the years of his retirement he Wenchow Dr. Stedeford resumed
| joined with the late Dr. Townsend in the Re-occupied. residence in Wenchow in
founding and upbuilding of our “Church October. Rev. J. W. and
in Prestatyn. Our Treasurer, Mr. Joseph Mrs.. Heywood were expecting to return
Ward, J.P., says: “Ministers of our thither by the end of January, but the
denomination who have passed away definite news of their having done so has
have helped our funds in a remarkable not yet arrived.
{ 28

“Pearly Skies Rise O’er Darkened :
Hills” in Y
wis in unnan.
. . |
I.—Scenes amid War Clouds in .
Yunnanfu. Rev. KENNETH W. MAY.
iT me carry you in imagination to pay. If they can pierce the line we are
the busy Kuang Hsi Street, Yun- doomed to unrestrained looting. For
nanfu—a narrow, noisy Chinese more than six months rival armies have
street, oriental in sight, sound and smell. been contending’ round about the city ;
Pause for a while in the gateway of our but at no time was it more seriously
imposing new chapel and watch the rest- threatened than now. We hear that in
less, eddying stream of human life pass- the west General T’ang, who only a
ing constantly both up and down. month ago made a_ determined attack
Suddenly it parts. For a while the which brought him right up to the walls,
clamour ceases and its place is taken by is advancing again.
the soft, steady tread of many sandalled If you had stood in our gateway yes-
feet. The Tenth Division, its three terday afternoon you would have caught
orange and black banners floating another scene. Two companies of stu- ;
proudly at its head, is leaving for the dents in white uniforms marched past
battle front. A thousand well-armed under the banners of the city schools.
men, grim and silent. They have none Here and there in their midst you might
of the boisterous bravado of the new re- have glimpsed a half-concealed dagger or
cruit about them. One glance and you revolver. At intervals of about two hun-
recognise the weather-beaten, disillu- dred yards bands of about half a dozen
sioned old soldier. There is -business fall out, take their stand by the roadside
afoot. The advance guard of the Sze- and harangue the passing crowd. One
chuan and Kueichow armies, now in such group is near the chapel gateway,
league with our own renegade General and their words are heard distinctly :
Hu, is threatening the city from a point “Strike down the Nanking Government.
two days east. There the city’s first line Strike down all despots. Strike down all
of defences is established, and during the empires. Strike down the British Em-
last two days twenty thousand troops, pire. Strike down . . Strike down
fully equipped, have left to man that line. . . . Strike down.” Our provincial
A big battle is imminent, fraught with government is at present in league with
grave consequences for the city. Sze- Nanking and is anti-red. This is there-
chuan and Kueichow have old scores to fore sedition. Yestérday a student, while
1. aS,
— ae iB A 4) mare ‘sis Bs i
ARE : SS a, Eee :
Vat &, geert or fost fe ee of
| hi Be, agi we I, 9 coy, Ni 2 e Sarat,
ea “Se fd Bs Fp eee a ny eS cancer
peice a ce ee gg © i ra tan re pe 4 8 Oe a eae
\ pO el at Be CLA Vitek mec Ce Rho BREE Rigs oe
Br, oy | p04 poy *Â¥ ee f Py . 4 Mee
ee Ab ART Ae Ae as a \ it a 5 Sa
Jp ESA CN Ae seme BBP PO
K ; : } Oe Oe : Sd A 2A = ss be eed aks . 3 sf LN 3 ils
; : : he x SYS 3 ; : _ ae Se ee AN Rs
ae ss eo = ) ee ee ad ROE BS Basa.
[Be Dige® 7, Sa ae 7 S Aa - a
B ay ij Y Lf a i ae) wa 5 Mae Ue its 30
Cee” P ' rh . RNS ie Be a rae oy ae to whes es : on OBy ae Fee Se
, IR cs eo ne sey aed anne eee, era
Teachers and Students of Tongshan College.
(Principal H. S. Redfern in centre.)
29 |

“Pearly Skies Rise O’er Darkened Hills” in Yunnan
addressing the people on the street in every night for a week different men will
this manner was shot by a secret service proclaim to them the riches of God’s
% agent. To-day his comrades make a grace. ‘And what,” you ask, “is that
x united protest. strange object under the rostrum with a
The enemy without the gates, dissen- red line through the middle of it?” Well,
* sion within, the whole city in a state of you must excuse us. That is the best
S fear “and unrest—would you have held representation we can make of a thermo-
. your Harvest Festival services? We meter and the red line means that the
‘ did. mercury has already risen one hundred
*S Come away from the gateway. Step degrees and each degree represents a dol-
inside. See our chapel robed inthe glory lar given by some member or friend as
= of the ‘Thanks for Grace Festival.” The a thank-offering for the year’s mercies !
inevitable paper festoons adorn the walls Or I wonder if, under the circum-
mS and hang in graceful curves from lamp to stances, you would have considered it
Se lamp. Green palms with here and there wise to go out into the villages to preach.
. a flower make a rich, restful setting for We did. In the tea shop or at the street
. the rostrum and over the desk stands a corner we hung up our hymn sheet and
RK triumphal arch of firs sparkling in the sang and the people, wondering at such
s glow of electric fairy lamps. You will weird sounds, forgot the invading armies
S not fail to notice the two speakers on the and came to listen, and heard, perhaps
rostrum. Two of our young Chinese for the first time, the story of Christ and
o workers, both university graduates, cap- Him crucified. I might goon to tell you
PS ped and gowned. ‘True, the discourse is of the women who gathered each day at
‘ a little academic, and dear old Mrs. S., noon during the Harvest Festival and
‘ sitting in her accustomed place, cannot who still will gather week by week ; or
; understand a word; but she cannot fail of the crowds that gather in our street
: to be impressed by the grace and dignity shop at night, and you will rejoice with us
of a B.A. gown. Come up to the ros- that while two armies face one another in
trum yourself and study the attentive, grim silence not far away to the east, and
: respectful faces of the large congregation. martial law is proclaimed within the city,
| Every night for a week as large a crowd _ there is still a hearing for the Gospel of
: as this will gather to see and hear, and Peace.
= II.—Glimpses of our Churches at A Chinese
Stonegateway and Chao-Tong-Fu. Pastor’s Letter.
: ERE is a translation of a letter vice was held. Thanks be to God that
5 recently received by me from our we were able to hold this Bible School,
minister in charge of the work at and at the close everybody said how
Chao- Tong-Fu—the Rev. John Li, greatly they had been helped. This gave
B.A. : me unspeakable joy, as it made me feel
; “We know that in the abundant grace that during this time of unrest we were
of Jesus Christ there is no such thing as able still to bear witness to the Truth.
separation. On the 15th of the 8th moon Such good news as this I must send to
| (August) I went to Stonegateway. to con- YOU:
duct the Bible School (held each summer “Alas with our great joy there is also
| and hitherto held by a foreign mission- great temptation. On the 2nd of the 9th
ary). Wehad awonderful time. Onthe moon my little girl, who was only two
Sunday over seven hundred people years old, was taken home by the
gathered for worship, and the Bible Heavenly Father, and at a later date ©
School lasted a week, the programme some of my cattle died. On the 2nd of
each day being, morning 7—9, afternoon the 10th moon thieves broke into our
12—2, whilst at each evening at 7 home and stole many of our goods. The
o’clock a preaching service was held. loss to our bodies we can bear, the loss
The books studied were Hebrews and of our child how can we bear it? But
The Proverbs. One day we visited Mr. thanks be to God that He should have
Pollard’s grave, where a memorial ser- called me to work for Him.
i 30

Day of Prayer for Students

“In our Chao Tong Church the two she had finished speaking people called

Brothers Yang are working’ most nobly. out ‘ Beat her, beat her, beat her.’ Hear-
Their zeal and their beautiful virtue com- ing this cry, Shuang Mei escaped into
mands our love and admiration. This the old mission house followed by a
year I have realized suddenly that I am mob which beating down first one door
growing old, but I am happy in the and then a second door got into the
thought that younger men will carry on house and commenced to search for :
the work. An account of the persecution Shuang Mei. At that moment a squad

is written on a separate sheet of paper. of soldiers passed along the road and
Please give my greetings of peace to the people scattered, thinking the sol-
each of the pastors in England. diers had come to give protection. ee

“On Sunday, the 10th day of the 10th Afterwards we discovered that many ae
moon, as we were holding our Sunday siles had been hidden under the seats o
School, there rushed into the church the chapel. . ; d
scores of students from the Government On the following day the _ Students
Middle School. Two of them climbed @g@!n came to the church carrying flags,
into the pulpit, when one of these, ad- shouting wildly and distributing | pamph-
dressing the congregation, said they had lets, but happily once more soldiers ap-
received orders from the Government that peared to see what was happening and :
the Church of Christ. was to be de- the crowd dispersed. Subsequently for
stroyed and no one was to believe in several days scurrilous notices were
Christianity, as it was propagated by posted up on the city gates, on the
foreign money and its principles were streets and on the chapel walls, and now
undemocratic. Someone asked him to @ report is being spread that some of the
show a copy of these Government orders, church leaders are to be murdered, and
whereupon a second speaker uttered the first name on the list of those who
words which my mouth would not repeat @T° to be killed is mine. Ki
and my pen would not write and which From a letter received ten days later I
made my flesh feel numb. At this junc- learned that all was quiet and that the
ture Shuang Mei Lee (some readers will Chinese Christians were standing true.
remember this lady’s sojourn in England Let us pray for our fellow Christians in
when she visited our Churches with Miss Chao Tong and indeed for those through- |
Squire) stood up and said, ‘This is a out the whole of China.
place where God is worshipped.’ Before - W. H. Hupspetu.

The Day of Prayer for Students, February 19th.

Tur World’s Student Christian Federa- tually confused regarding their religious i|
tion can look back upon thirty years of beliefs; thousands are fighting fierce i
work for Christ among students of the moral battles ; national and racial feeling i}
world. In scope and membership it has present profoundly difficult problems.
grown out of all recognition and now The Church of Christ needs the service ]
numbers 300,000 members among the of such men and women as the colleges i
present students of 3,000 universities and can provide. Let us pray that the gospel
colleges in many lands. It unites stu- of Christ may win yet greater triumphs
dents of all races in Christian brother- in their midst.
hood.. Following long-standing custom, A copy of the official call to prayer, y
the leaders of the Student Christian signed by the leaders of the churches and i
Movement ask for the observance of containing suggestions for intercession '
Sunday, February 19th as a Universal and other information, will be sent on hi
Day of Prayer for students. They feel application to the General Secretary,
greatly the need for the aid which prayer Annandale, North End Road, London,
can bring. Many students are intellec- N.W.11.

31 ih

| 1928, A Year of Rev
° ° ev.
Prayer for Missions. W. F. NEWSAM.
S ISAIAH LXII. commotions, when missionaries have such
I God is speaking in verse 1, “I will anxious hours, and when still the tumult
| not hold My peace,” etc., what a continues, may we not say, “Lord, teach
wonderful utterance! What a great us to pray!” In every church, in every
aK thought from His lips! If man is speak- school, all of us should make much of
S ing, how very fine the words ! What prayer. .
Xs rhythm and beauty and splendid speech ! Missionaries have known much of the
s Our purpose is not the exegesis of these worth of prayer.
wonderful verses, but, pondering them Henry Martyn said, “Let me burn out
. quietly by our own fireside and largely for for God. After all, whatever God may
= personal devotion, an emphatic thought appoint, Prayer is the great thing. | Oh
: filled the mind. If the first verse is God’s that I may be a man ol prayer!”
3 utterance, does not a similar utterance What a baptism of power Hudson
: become ours? and while for years one Taylor got that Sabbath morning on the
S has had (vv. 6 and 7) views of prayer sands of Brighton, when there was such
x gladdening and helpful, as a rare accom- intense pleading for China. A memory is
S paniment of service, yet it seemed as if with us. John Innocent and W. Nel-
x prayer, and the right kind of prayer, came — thorpe Hall were the two noble pioneers
: with a new living force. We felt we had — of the Methodist New Connexion to China
got into a new atmosphere and our hearts in the year 1859. We remember in the
Re were made glad. early years of our ministry sitting in a
: The present circumstances of the world, real missionary home. Mr. Hall was
a and the needs of our owfi hearts at such there. He was home on furlough sitting
a time, call for prayer, rising to the by the cosy fire. We remember how he
highest point, filled with unwearying and — said, “Mr. Newsam, one of the things
importunate pleading, specially the we are needing most is the prayers of the
thought crowded the mind as we pon-_ people of England. Will you urge upon
| dered missions to-day. all our people to pray for us.” On our
How we would like 1928 to be largely part there was ready assent. What great
a year of prayer for missions, and the stretches of thought there are in this sub-
kind of prayer is vividly and graphically ject of prayer! Who can say what are
portrayed here. © The figure is very ex- its bounds?
: pressive. Giving God no rest. God is A New Year should be big with peti-
| always busy. It says, “Behold He that tion: bigger than any year before. What
keepeth Israel shall neither slumber nor can we do in these days without prayer?
sleep.” The wakeful activity of God is Puny are we, All-powerful is God. O for
very wonderful. There is something so a great pleading! O for a mighty urge!
mysterious about His movements. ‘God And what kind of prayer should it
moves in a mysterious way, His wonders be? It should be definite, determined,
to perform,” and it passes all thought delightful. ‘
and understanding how God’s hand _ is Definite. The apostle says, ‘This
touched, and His heart overflows when one thing I do.” As we think of the
His people call upon Him. One reads, immense value of prayer, may we not take
“ And seeing the multitude, He had com- up these words respecting it?
| passion on them.’’ We wonder how that This one thing is in reach of us_ all.
stream of compassion deepens and grows’ The little child with lisping utterances
as His people pray. We are privileged can join the old man in pleading with
to touch Omnipotence. Some of us have God. The merchant can be associated
been praying for years, but as the years with the working man; peer and peasant
are drawn out we get a more wonderful can join hands. The woman of refine-
| view of the surpassing goodness of God ment and culture can be leagued with
in answering prayer, The yerse has a the woman who loves her country dialect.
deeper meaning, “Ask, and ye shall. How well if every month of this year is
receive.” . steeped in intercession. Make prayer a
In this time of strange unrest in the habit, make it a privilege, make it a great
world, when China is passing through plea, make it a daily duty. Take no rest,

My Call to China
give God no rest. A lady has just called crowded with great aspirations it is well ;
at our house, and she said, “JT pray as we repeat, it is well.

I go about the streets.” Why not? If There should be delight in prayer. We
we can see God as we pass along the write it with a strange sense of rapture:
streets, and hear Him _in the country that God Himself delights in our prayer.
jane, and can make Him—I speak it We read with a strange thrill the other
reverently—our chum, it is well. Young day Proverbs xv. 8, “But the prayer of
fellows, have fellowship with God. the upright is His delight.” If God has :
Maidens, make much of the beautiful delight, will He not impart. it to us?
God. “Delight thyself in the Lord.” After a
Then there should be, about our prayer, fairly long experience we should say
determination. “I will not let thee go there may be pain in prayer at times ; i
- except Thou bless me.” Let us get that there may be strain; there may be a
great feeling in our hearts. Let us not sense of failure now and then, but if we
do thing's by halves with regard to prayer. are real intercessors, Oh, the joy of it! |
It is well worth while to do it well. We would like to leave this thought with
“| have finished the work which Thou you. An echo comes from that great :
gavest Me to do.” What a perfect intercessor, St. Paul (Phil. i. 4),‘‘ Making
finish! What a complete accomplish- my supplication with joy.” There need
ment! It is well if every day in the not be a desolatng experience in praying ms
quiet of retirement there should be a for China amid her throes, and as we
rare sense of morning decision splendidly pray for one missionary and then another,
executed. “Something attempted, Some- Our joy may be full.
thing done.” One retires too often with The year may be a truly happy one as
a sobbing sigh of unfinished deeds. more and more we come in touch with
Living a day at a time, and that day God.
of ae = |
My Call to China. Rev. A. H. TOMLINSON.
O give an account of one’s call to
service on the Foreign Field is not
an easy task, for it is tantamount EE.
to describing a deep spiritual experience. é Se
I have always had a great admiration for ca me ee m,
missionaries, particularly for the early a
pioneers, but the desire to “take up the —
torch and wave it wide’’ did not possess a
me until the occasion of Miss M. For- s — ara
tune’s valedictory service at our St. ae a
Stephen Street Church, Salford. It was oe “oan F
then that I was overwhelmed by the -_— = 4
magnitude of the task of our missionaries, ; We ee ; ge3A| *
and felt that it was God’s intention that < =
I should play a small part in the procla- al ; a
mation of the good tidings to the people os
who walk in darkness. Now, I hold a coma
missionary enterprise to be the greatest Cf
- eoncern of the Christian Church, and bao ieee ag Be
pray that I may: be a worthy follower of |. Gee ee
great men who have gone before. See (Bases
Why do I wish to go to China? The ; Lene Peay,
present age is undoubtedly one of critical oss este a ea Hi
importance for China, and therefore for : Rec Sa a nae ae 'f
the whole world. If she chooses to fol- |g z eas See
low the atheistic propaganda of Bolshe- ~ =
vism, if she puts her trust in “reeking Rev. A. H: To nlinson. :

A Chinese Ladies’ Social Service Club
tube and iron shard,’’ then she may fusion and darkness a beautiful and a
bring upon the world a greater tragedy pure China.’’? That is why I wish to go
than it has ever known. But if she to China: to assist in the revelation of
chooses to follow Christ, who is the Way, — Christ.
the Truth, and the Life, then her action China with her population — of
may go a long way towards establishing 400,000,000 people stands at the parting
a lasting international peace. China at of the ways. This is a direct challenge
a present is in the throes of a political revo- to Christianity, and yet at the same time
: Hi) lution, but the revolution which she most a glorious opportunity. What would it
: needs is one of ideals, thought, and spirit, mean to the world if those 400,000,000
which must have its foundation laid deep. people were ranged on the side of Christ?
It must be laid in Jesus Christ. I believe I go to China in answer to that challenge,
Christ to be China’s greatest need. An determined to do my best for the Master
acknowledged leader of Chinese Chris- that the day of the consummation of His
S . tianity has written of Christ, “He is the Kingdom may be brought a little nearer
One who can bring out of all the con- to its dawn.
: “se - as
2 | : e e 9 e e
. | A Chinese Ladies’ Social Service Club.
: Irom a recent letter from Tongshan, The club meets once a fortnight in the
North China, we learn of a Chinese houses of the members, and the ladies
P | Ladies’ Social Club which has been bring their needlework, and someone
formed mainly through the instrument- reads a paper in Chinese on such topics
: ality of Mrs. Redfern. About three as “Diet for Children,” “Importance of
| months ago several Chinese ladies asked Light and Air,” “How a woman ought to
| Mrs. Redfern to help them form such a spend her leisure time,” and so on. A
club, so she invited a number of these mass meeting of the Social Service Club
ladies to tea at They worked is shortly to be held in our Tongshan
out a constitution, made rules, and church, and one of our church members
| wanted Mrs. Redfern to be their first will speak on the Moral Training of
President. But Mrs, Redfern insisted that Children. Foreign ladies are cordially
no foreigners should hold office, though welcomed as members, and in addition to
| she and Mrs. Richards were willing to Mrs. Redfern and Mrs. Richards, Mrs.
serve on the committee. Muir, the doctor’s wife, and Miss
| i : os > Tatham, the nurse
| ! at the Chinese
| Bh { Hospital, Mrs.
| ic ie ws Holder, and
| | fe, A = SSee as ot hers, have
| | a ew ae joined.
| ee 1 ae spn a Sales pate It is int tine
eee ae eee ea eee
| t ieee a ee oe ee ve to hear from the
| 2 >, Bioer as Beny Pee a) eee SS = same source that
| ‘ee Oe. f Lo) ee Ea -e candidates
\ Be ee ee ee epply for admis-
| i, eae Pea TS eas ee = a sion to our Tong-
| he a Collewe cach
| Meo emer sok ere eS term than can |
| | 4 Be a, 3 eomer tae ae a fli, “eS ea ie ore term than can be
| Geli ca is) Re Pelle «Bac A oe ee accepted.
ek ge ens sie hae et ae ;
| ee This is a brigh-
| ee | x side of the
a ictere of curve
He ee fe.» ations with China,
| [Sg TR se OR A SN ee ee i and a very wel-
| Tongshan College. . . . come one.
| 34

. 9
[he Editor’s Notes. |
The Income. Many have asked why the recent anti-
Though we have no reason to think foreign outburst should have been direc-
sur imcor Hl chow fallino: off fr ted almost entirely against Iingland?
our income will show any falling off from . , we Oe /
Taare - : Professor Soothill says it is due to the
recent years, local officers and committees | io’ facts: that this country was
will do well to put forth their best efforts foll “lone nets : tL as oe foreion
during the next few months. The serious for long the mos eit, enka art f
trade depression in many parts of the nation in China, and is still, Japan apart, t
vee malcee it ditt 5 ai : ~ economically the most vulnerable; to a - ;
country makes’ it difficult to maintain the : , . © iat
: , giving i . .. virulent Bolshevist anti-British cam-
generous scale of giving in those places ; a aloofness and strict policy
but, wonderful to relate, where financial af ke to ve th oe an on vatarvins
weg qos ceepine the ring -interven-
difficulties are greatest there the genero- OF Keeping’ Phe ring, On ! “abl St
sitv is usually most abounding. vention ; to the fact that the deplorab e
* QB ~ & @ ar shooting of May 30th, 1925, however
: . - oe justifiable, was 7 e direction of <2
Some time ago the London Missionary justifiable, \ as py the Retnice - als t
Society announced that owing to a defi- police inspector who w as” eritish 5 also,
ciency of funds it would be necessary to unintentionally, to American ttaching of ,
; vt at ef istory 5 < ' leas criticism, true
recall several missionaries from overseas, history ; and not least to critic my aru
and close down the-work At a-recent but persistent, of certain British writers
« . i - + oe Mehea t ~4° CNM oo arthe _
meeting of the society it was stated that and journalssts mn China. Nevertheless. ;
no withdrawal would now take place, as 1? view of ae Seen Boe ms China,”
an additional twenty per cent, advance exists in eatin a ice. th , tice :
had been assured by the churches. This I oressor Soot at ieee uc es, “i re at - :
is the result we naturally expected from which its officia represen Ives on
the loyal supporters of this great society. have endeavoured to show, the uprignt-
“ @ @ & B : ness of its traders, and the services that
The “Presbyterian Messenger ” tells pave been wikingly sendered by a range :
of a small congregation with no substan- body of ine-spirite men, 118 ne friend
tial people, and having to make great 1° believe that a return to a more fr oO y
efforts to maintain its own work, which ae ie ae be Hong delay ed f +h.
has entered heartily into the scheme of with, should get this little book forth
raising additional funds for missions. W1!t- _ é . _
2. & % ® %
One girl gave up a dance, another a ”
night at a cinema, and a third a prospec- “ The International Review
HiT A raceant = - F r ‘ ‘ ’
tive present from her mother, and the of Missions.’
‘money. was given to the Self-Denial The January number of “The Interna
Fund. No doubt the young men followed 4:00.41 Re my £ Missi Dag col wae
this good example, and gave up their “TOR@ Ieview © Be ered ot cee
. 5 tg P : of over two hundred and fifty pages. It
cigarettes and tobacco for a week. It is : 6ORRT eae 3D 7 :
an excellent plan. Could we not all do contains a “World Survey,” not merely
something of the kind, say the first week of missionary movements: but of political
in Lent, and hand over the money to the survey is ani ot ression of sursihe life
minister or local mission treasurer? It is There are aéitain Fak roids on vnen’s
understood, of course, that the plan ap- lis af all iaadee fresdoni” batriotism
plies to non-smokers and non-dancers dommocricy And Something eich emerses”
equally with those who smoke and dance ! A woe 5: re 5
, < the fact that Christ is moving in all this
es _ @ Go e- “ passion of humanity, often going where
A History of China. His disciples do not go, is strikingly
We heartily commend Professor Soot- evident. Dr. T. T. Lew writes on Church
hill’s “A History of China,” in Benn’s Union in an article entitled “Lausanne
Sixpenny Library. Our readers will find and China.” | He makes a strong plea
it on most railway book-stalls. In eighty for a united front on the mission field
pages we have a fascinating story of this and in the lands from which missionaries
great country from about the year 3000 are sent. Denominational differences at
B.c. to the present time. To compress home are factors of dissension abroad.
so long a period in so short a space, and ‘The Christian message of love, of re-
omitting no essential fact, is a great conciliation, of redemption and of sanc-
achievement. tification cannot be adequately presented
35 I

Successful Juvenile Collectors
and made real to non-Christians when the it may be obtained from our own Publish-
: inner life and fellowship of Christians ing House.
themselves contains an element that does & & & &
not promote the spirit of the message.” . .
Dr. E. W. Wallace writes on “The Students’ Missionary Meeting.
; Future of Christian Education in China,” The Victoria Park College Students’
Re | and holds that the outlook on the whole Missionary meetings are to be held on
* - is one of distinct promise. He believes Wednesday, March 28th, at Openshaw.
| that no essential principle need be com- They hope to raise £200 this year. The
s promised, though some adjustment to speakers will be Revs. W. H. Hudspeth,
new conditions will be necessary. Many M.A. and F. W. J. Cottrell. Contribu-
: other valuable articles make this special tions for this effort should be sent to
“a double number of the Review of vital Mr. T. L. Wilson, Victoria Park United
: interest. Its price is five shillings, and Methodist College, Manchester,
: Jo sSse ne aa 2 Successful Juvenile
: eee Collectors.
: pee ehn mera eee Donald Smith, of Fishponds, Bristol,
Sich cet Ta aged thirteen, has collected £31 10s.
| os during the last seven years, mostly in
: | oo pennies and halfpennies. In 1920 he
| Ce oo collected in this way £3 6s. 10d. Last
: i oe Gee te fee : year he collected £4 6s. 10d.
are = - Richard Henry Firmage, of Down-
| Es ham, who has just turned eight, has
Sd collected £19 6s. 7d. in recent years.
| Bee eras a 2 us) Last year he reached the fine sum _ of
_£Z Es £5 2s. 11d. He was asked a short time
| Beers pop See ago if he would like to be a missionary,
: ee ase ee and he replied, “I am a missionary ; look
eS _— 2 Pars: at my box.” It will be noticed that
ees eee ae Richard is wearing the Missionary So-
ee er |, ee ans: ao ¥ 90
| ae ie —) 8 ciety’s D.S.O. We heartily commend the
cae SSS Bs example of these boys to others, and
oe See congratulate them on their success.
| see
| Say Cee Addresses to Young People.
Meats : i The Carey Press, 19 Furnival Street,
| [ Be E.C.4, send us two books of addresses to
ee a j et young people, “The Man in the Dark
as Hee: : % ee Room,” by Dr. Townley Lord, and “ Road-
| poo: ge. Me, : makers and Road-menders,” by Rev. John
i Meee vagal Fea it aii Macbeath, M.A. They are published at
| Be Sp é 2s. 6d. net. Most of the addresses have a
| ce missionary appeal, and they cannot fail to
> << oe > < be effective. Of the many books of this kind
<<< ge .- i! hoe ee aa

« two books very high. They have sound
| iia, cee ee mera 2 teaching, pleasantly served out. ‘We heartily
= , aeetee S|. commend them.
a |
Q> < Ys i fe
Hite — F -S> f Our readers will be interested to learn
- > ; that a daughter was born to Rev. and Mrs.
Richard H. Firmage D. Howard Smith, at Tientsin, on Novem-
Downham. , ber 26th last.

“And Yet Rey.
We Trust ..
VERY difficult thing to do, es- of the various circuits and churches is
‘EB pecially in the darkness! And yet being carried on by heroic bands of native
it is the only thing we caz do preachers and teachers. These are times
_ ... trust where we cannot trace. of testing for them all; their needs are
Call it Faith if you will, and you will pressing and they receive little human
recognize it as the only true antidote to encouragement ; they are thrown right
Fear. Patience must go hand in hand back upon God and the prayers of His
with Trust, and perhaps only those of us people, but we have no misgivings con-
who are working for the coming of the cerning them. We want still to bear
Kingdom of God know just how hard and them up before the Throne of God. There x
how irksome it is to possess our souls in are Li Shuang-Mei and her big brother
patience. But do it we must, or we shall John; Liang at Tong Ch’uan and lang
not see the wonders that God will perform in our Middle School at Chao T’ong ;
for the nations. Chong, lonely amongst the Ko-P’u, Peter :
Many of us are thinking about China Uang and the Nosu, and Peter Chu and
in these days, and thinking about her as the Miao. We must think of them and |
we have never thought about her before. Pray that their faith fail not. Their i=
Our lives are inextricably bound up in responsibilities are great and their oppor-
her, our deepest thoughts are centred tunities for service unequalled. We think
around her, a great love is lavished upon of their loyalty, their zeal, their courage
her, and she is the subject of our highest and their ability. We thank God and
hopes and fondest ambitions. And yet all take courage. | . wih
this in spite of her civil strife and ter- Now the main policy of our mission Is
rible turmoil! Surely we need more that of self-support, and so we are watch-
than ever to trust, and to realize that He 18 the present development of affairs :
that watcheth over China slumbers not With a peculiar and prayerful interest.
nor sleeps. Truly, the present situation in China has y
Some folk would have us believe that precipitated our. plans:in’ that direction,
the present upheaval in China marks the ao peewing: a coht we-are not with-
end of our hopes for China, but we refuse out hope! fora! bright future: -Indeed, I
to believe it outseléés. Rathee dorwe 5°, 7s108s of those hitherto unevangel-
cherish the belief that she will the more ized afeasi (end how many of them there
quickly be evangelized as a result of all oak we Ne an carer opportunity of
that is going on there to-day. I know sa ‘CI ron t Wie 5 the ‘present “disruption
that from the human standpoint there is wh nia.) Wily?” Simply because ° of
much to discourage, and a real tempta- “ ean Wed teens to. find when .we are
tion to pessimism, but let us not dwell tbo eged’ to oa to the field of our
unduly upon such aspects of the situation, d ours eee . When. we: get back we
but let us rather look off unto Jesus the h he ores finding. > derelict i
Author and Finisher of our Faith. Then, hackslid and: the: districts strewn with i
as God' in Christ Jesus, our acksliders, but rather shall we find our i
pessimism will be turned into a sane and pands of heroes: to -have:won ‘through and i
a holy optimism, and we shall realize burder themselves equal | to ‘the added |
afresh that He must reign until He hath urdens and responsibilities that have
put all enemies under His feet. been so suddenly thrust upon them. And ;
: ; : . then what? Finding them’ thus we shall |
_ Let us try to visualize the situation as feel ourselves in a position to place still |
it seems to be on our China mission field greater responsibility upon them, com- |
ees, and at the same time to realize missioning them to continue to carry on |
pw God is able {0 work out His own the _already established work of the |
pee Chie eet - ie nd, taking )our mission in order that your. missionaries i
est | s an example, that the may be released to enter and. possess other :
majority of our missionaries are away fields for Christ and His Kingdom i
from the field, those who are there being We long for the joyful privile e of
gathered together at Yunnan Fu. We evangelizin the hithért mid h
fide too that asa te works i g itherto —untouc ed :
; 5 consequence, the wor townships and villages innumerable scat-
” |

For the Young People
tered over the plains of the West, but difficulties! I. believe with all my heart
the labourers are few! We desire to that the things which are happening unto
: capture the River Miao for Christ, but China have fallen out rather unto the
the labourers are few! We want to bear furtherance of the Gospel. So, fellow
the tidings of salvation to the Babu, United Methodists, let us pray for our
; those semi-civilized wild-men-of-the-west, native staffs in China and for our mis-
i but the labourers are few! But the day sionaries as they return to their God-
> is coming for them, and all the quicker given tasks, that, leaving the established
%: because of the present unrest in China work in loyal Chinese hands they them-
ws necessitating the withdrawal of so many — selves may both sow and reap in other
missionaries. fields.
S How applicable are the word of Paul And yet we trust that somehow good
~S when writing about his own trials and Will be the final goal of ill. :
s & For the Young People. Fish Stories from China.
x | EXPECT my young readers will.have big stone, suddenly raises it, and very
S : heard that the Chinese have several often catches a number of startled fish,
S methods of fishing besides using which find themselves hauled up into the
: rods, nets, and lines You have heard of air before they have time to blink. Do
the cormorant, a web-footed water bird fishes blink, think you?
Se which is very fond of fish. Now, he is One more way of fishing in China is a
: a glutton so far as fish are concerned. rather startling one. You see a stalwart
His insatiable appetite for fish has been man coming along with a long heavy
: noted by the Chinese, so they, being a hammer across his shoulders. If I tell
: brainy race, thought out a plan whereby you he is a fisherman, you will laugh and
his desire for fishing’ might be put to. say he is surely a blacksmith. But he
better use than overfeeding himself. They isn’t ; he is really going to catch fish with
noticed that he gobbledup fish whole, a sledge-hammer. How does he do it?
: | and it took him all his time to swallow Watch him go along that rocky river-
them. So what do you think they did? side. Everywhere there are big boulders
They put a little iron’ring round his neck, and long ledges of rock. Very likely
| just small enough for him to swallow little fish are hiding in the crannies of the rock.
fishes. But he was so greedy that he He approaches very slowly and quietly.
always went after big’ fishes,-and when Then suddenly he swings the hammer
he caught one and brought it to the bank round his head, and Bane ! down it comes
or boat, he found he could not swallow on top of a rock at the water’s edge or
it. So the smiling fisherman said, “All standing in the middle of a shallow pool.
right, thank you!” and put the fish into In a moment you see several small fish
his basket. So away dashed the hungry float to the surface quite dead, and perhaps
and greedy bird for another. But the several large not quite dead, but unable
same thing happened, and the basket was to swim. Why is this? It is because the
soon full of fishes. I have seen several vibration of the heavy stroke of the ham-
of these birds being carried sitting on a mer has stunned them, just as a man
| frame, looking for: all the world like sometimes feels stunned by an explosion.
dunces in the corner. They looked half- It is an easy matter to pick up the fish
ashamed of themselves, and hung their now, and go on to another place suitable
heads. I suppose the Chinaman had been for a blow on the rocks that will stun
telling them they were too greedy. more fish by “concussion.” ;
Another method of fishing is by using I do not advise you to try this method
four big bamboos and stretching a net when you go trout fishing or when you
across them. The four corners are fas- fish at the seaside next August. But per-
tened to a long line which goes over a haps some kind and patient angler may
| : pulley at the end of a long pole stretched some day be good enough to show you.
out from a river bank or the stern of a A. F. W.
boat. The fisherman lets the net down + From “Great-Heart,” the Scottish Churches
into the water, and then, by means of a Magazine for Boys and Girls.

* i
CH, Ee aN .: PEED yp PD pn mn J fe) -)
MOS h |
Lip? cot jg ors) ep a Ho 5 SPA
LI WS \ Ze B/N oy aN
ON ih NOSE LG ES rcs ‘coef oy iid SY MIN cee ee
nia he SS OE a eR
We OR WIA Se oo Rey < Fe eee ae og ae ae ay 7
bY te ee WAG Ree BR RON ey i Ber Re a BS Be Bh Bey i ee ten og
eee ye ee sericea mane crcin rnc ete ae ee ee WAKES
Mrs. J. B. BROOKS, B.Litt.
; j successful meetings are still being held
Keeping. a ana Miss Mabel there, and those people who attend regu-
oing Yorward. Fortune, B.A. larly are encouraged to come to church
Loyal Christian Women on Sundays and become enquirers for ;
of Ningpo. church membership. . ;
INGPO in comparison with other The women feel that their prayers are
R places has not suffered greatly certainly being answered, and __ their
during the trouble in China, yet small group has now developed into a ;
the situation has been difficult enough for United Prayer Union for our three city
all concerned. The story of the doings churches, . - og 7
of our Ningpo women and of the spirit The missionaries were able to return
they have manifested during the storm Ningpo on October Ist, and as It was
that has recently raged in these districts, "°t possible to open the Girls’ School,
is full of interest and encouragement. we felt this was a good opportunity to
We are fortunate in having in our undertake some special work among the
church here a group of staunch, loyal Women, soa short term Bible School was
women, whose history dates back to the arranged for. We used one of the four
days of our earliest missionaries, and who = —__— es SS a —_
have an unbroken record of service in the [gia gukh ede oe” 3
; Christian witness. When all was con- ote ade —— Sr.
fusion in the early days of this year, | — rae Ve .
owing to the change of government, and has bike 0 settee Exe et STI Wa
missionaries had to leave the port, these te ee Na ae 1
women got together and formed a i} a al a: H
Prayer Union. They met twice a week tk _ \
in the little community church, where a ae wate ;
they could come together without fear 3 se PR ey i |
of interruption, and they prayed earnestly { ES . Se i
forthe peace of their country, for the 2s é& _ ae iY
triumph of Christianity, and for the ipa a, i oa i
return of the foreign missionaries. These eee | aici 1
meetings went on faithfully through the | % a ~~ by | }
summer months, and on one occasion of |» S°* iiaamee P| aS m |
special difficulty for one of the Mission | QeiiMMNRiccc a. “ey |
Girls’ Schools, they held a three days’ | < & SS eee i
fast. Others were interested in their | ~~ # ee
attitude, and there grew up amongst | 9) 4m S_ See i
some of the members of the Church a eae. Se ees os oe ee |
desire to undertake a definite piece of | — .8 —e | ae ie :
missionary work. This desire expressed Berna ee ps i ae
itself in the opening up of a preaching |. | city co Wea
place on a busy road near the railway |) Sig j ; -
station. One of our leading members on fee Kate
rented a room next to his own shop, Re : eee re phew /
fitted it up with furniture, and opened it Master Alan Fraser Conibecr
for use as a reading room during the day and Mrs_Dzing, Bible Woman in the Ningpo ;
and a Gospel Hall in the evenings. Very — D'sttictforover20years. 1 ay nontune. B.A.
39 i

Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
houses in this compound, and employed The women were diligent at their
as teachers three of our Bible women, studies, and their spare time was occu-
: (photographs of two of them, along with - pied in preparing winter clothes, most of
Master Alan Conibear, appear), and one them knitting scarves, woollen coats,
of the Girls’ School teachers. ; stockings, etc.
es We were few in number: six lived in Those who could already read studied
aS with the teachers, and four of the com- selected passages from the Bible. Others
3 pound servants studied for three or four studied a primer in Chinese character,
. hours a day. Three other women came \ith a view to reading the hymn-book
in by day, and you will realize their keen- and Bible. Those who could not read at
: ness to come when | tell you that they jj studied the Romanized form of
= had to rise at 4 a.m, to clean up their Ningpoese. At the end of three weeks
“ houses, comb their hair (an important these women were able to read—slowly—
~ rite to the Chinese woman) have break- the hymn book and Bible.
fast, read their Bible and sing a hymn, TI . ‘nine: Scripture less f d
: before coming to school in time for morn- wae val ming 4 ie lif eee les Sand
: ing prayers. Of the boarders two had A series ustrating the a we Jesus, “
ss ; scarcely ever left their homes before, and wudy. of th P obristi ven ‘howe fo ne
= though they looked strained and nervous f u 1 d i Wo shave ne O few oe
. for the first two or three days, they or t * Ov . , € Chose ont a ine orca
quickly thawed in the friendly atmo- hott — ee vords. studied those
sphere. They were greatly delighted to ——both tunes and words.
S be introduced to the mysteries of the . Each week one or two special devo-
inner workings of a foreign house. (They tional meetings were arranged in_ the
: decided that the carpet on the sitting- afternoons, and that taken by Mrs. Yang
room floor was good enough to sleep on, —one of our own members, who has de-
and the idea of sleeping between sheets voted the past three years of her life to
that were changed once a week rather voluntary preaching—really stirred the
stunned one or two of them !) hearts of the women, for the days follow-
ing were marked by a deeper earnestness
De ie ae, See and a yearning after spiritual things.
: | ae ; i, = hee) =Her missionary appeal, too, bore fruits in
ee ‘ ge Ve = | the lives of some of her hearers, who
ee on went to a neighbouring village to preach
ie ze = a to the people there. ~
| ; } i I ene; Ours is but a tiny portion of the work
| pa cc see z out here, but I know that the spirit mani-
. ae a”) fested here is typical of what is going on
t Vy lO in other places. There is real evidence
| a ie oe of renewed vigour among the Christians,
ee yr mae Eve and of the sustained and ever-increasing
eee pee Ex Saee power of Jesus. in the individual heart.
RR aaa ee a SES There is cause for encouragement and
be ae eee eee | thankfulness. It has been a special privi-
Wie : >= | Iege to me to be associated with the
| wage i [2 | women in this bit of work, and I have
| aod ey =) | certainly learned more from them during
(SSDS Seas Seeeee| (Our time together than they have learned
Sisco gare SR es from me.
bs : ue a Soh a ; Our last, meeting was in the form of
| | awe ae Lf < aeee| an impressive Communion service led by
ce ais =. Mr. Conibear, at which one of the women
L LH B Ue : was received into the church by baptism,
mo F and we went away having’ felt the glow
| 8 Saga Se of Christian fellowship and with a deep-
— ened sense of our responsibility as fol-
Mrs. Yang, ‘photo: Miss M. Fortune, B.A. lowers of Christ.
Bible Woman in the Ningpo District for over 20 years,
| | 40

= “ eZ i
7 2k Qa ee TTR SY oe
2 ° ~ % ° 7 °o 6 ° 3 a 8 ° e® 36 6 & a e® @ ¢ l
o f ~~ @ @ @ 8 © © @ THE. e @ © ¢ @ © ¢ # & 6 |
m aya m Omer © 8 8 &@ © 2 2 09 8@ 8 © w @ a 0 e |
a 5 0 IO BP 2 ee. Se Po xX 2 |
BAN: ay Bet oH se CR ’ °
an a da 4 oA y* of Pp 8 ‘ |
9 e : 8 y o > 0 A a 90 o et @ 9 © © @ o 9 © MF 9 }
2» 2 bp 8 & @ ¢ © 9 ew 6 9 8 9 tl
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a a . “ a 8 o ao ek 2 An
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a oo & XPS 2 9 9 ao # a 0 Cf 22 7)
= ) . <) Yn 6 LA =.
“The beatitudes of Jesus tell us not only of a limitless mercy above ° :
us, but also of a limitless possibility within us.’-—P. C. Ainsworth.
e . * .
Greater China.
HINA—that great and wonderful recent years are bringing about a healthy
country—is slowly and surely awak- change of opinion, and no longer is there
ing to the fact that force is no the superstitious belief, once so common,
remedy ; that money, position, military in fe almighty power of money and k
. . oO
power cannot avail to give her what she 1 ary strength. . :
Ceahtecins event “Glace: in. the ‘sun. aa China has much to give to the world. ;
d a P i 4 f the She has much to receive from the world.
ass UEce Des on amone .ae navions:o No Western nation wants to exploit
world. China ; the days of exploitation are gone
Dr. David Z. T. Yui said recently that for ever. . Western nations want to trade -
a new and greater China is steadily un- with China, and this for the mutual
folding herself. The bitter experiences of benefit of China and the rest of the world.
| fe BRO pereeh omer eer ,
<5 2 agin ee ae pe AL CA GETS, AE Lt tesa ies
+ BE ae PA ABO s : A |
ee. ea ; ‘ IA roar a es a aa : ae os i
eal So age a REE ge ac aah i a y
Spach 2. sits Pr eis a ‘ Se se ‘ i : |
ae ey @ ; “a: i: eae emt
Vi at olla te ae ee ae tai si
ma nc deer Be eee ee
Ba Riri re pe Sa PES \ : Page es i
5 See: sae =f a er ibe ; = re fe 2 Bs Pe Aer aes
= 2 ee aaron Ee ae ae =f fase 5 a ep no of =, v ;
; Pe fi : oa. eae aa aA Rete ca) | BANE Seen a tein & |
ee ae acu ~ eit aC xy a Mey ii
F7 , x riage : oe S a oe . ean i ae gs bee i
es AY “ ee ee Hl
poe a ee | & Pitieceiemmeens Hl
- y —) tee 4 aS Be re: oes eal |
i Peete at a . h rere MEEEER, A ot ey oe qf
Becta] ' p ee
i iri an oc Rae eae eens ok ene gene eae
Procession of the Staff at a PeKing Medical College Ceremony. : 1
Marcu, 1928, ;
E i]

From the Mission House
What contribution has Christianity to nationalism, she will find her path to rea]
make to a truly’ great and prosperous unity and progress clear before her.
China? It has already made much ; it Christian missionaries have been
: is destined to make a greater contribution China’s best friends, as many thousands
% still. Her missionaries, colleges and of Chinese acknowledge. They have
S schools; her Christian public servants, shown the way to higher ideals of life
es administrators and teachers have all laid than that of self-seeking and self-interest.
S a solid foundation. If the building erec- Far from being anti-nationalist and un-
: ted on this foundation has tarried, and patriotic, Chinese Christians have been
a if some parts have given way, reasons the truest nationalists and patriots. They
= can be found in the conditions of China want to see their country both great and
; herself, and in her wish to substitute good, and they hold that the way of
SS other material in the building. Christ is the only method of bringing
i China’s great need—like that of all this to pass.
~ nations—is for men of strong, disin- This country has given ample proof
x terested character ; she needs leaders who that she has no desire to be any other
SS see the utter folly of wasting millions of than friendly to China. And _ certainly
: money in military adventures that achieve English Christians, being united in a
es nothing but destruction of property, common faith and a common hope and
Ss famine, widespread disorganization and love with believers in Christ the world
“a ruin. In other words, China needs peace, over, pray for the day when China will
and if she will follow the teaching of One once more throw wide her doors and wel-
x who came to bring peace on earth and come those who bring the glad tidings
S good will among men, and rid herself of of peace. Already the doors are open-
the folly of thinking that by internecine ing. May there soon ring out earnest
SS warfare she can accomplish Chinese invitations to enter.
) - - “3
: From the Rev. C. STEDEFORD.
| Mission House.
3 The Hostile Since an account of this of October, three of the chief opponents
: Demonstration demonstration was given of Christianity, assuming the authority
S at Chaotong. in these notes an official of the Chinese Student Association,
report has been re- gathered several hundred followers and
ceived, through the Rev. F. J. Dymond, filled our chapel. The Principal of our
from the Pastor and School Principal at Middle School, Mr. Yang, pleaded with
Chaotong. This report, being in Chi- them for order, but was unable to pre-
x nese, has been translated by the Rev. vent them from occupying the pulpit of
: C. E. Hicks in the following terms : our chapel and shouting that the Chris-
““A Respectful Statement concerning the tian religion must be overturned and the
unprecedented persecution which the chapel burnt to the ground. We tried
Chaotong Church has recently experi- with gentle words to stop them but
enced. failed completely. Their leader cried out
\ “Our Harvest Festival Services this in a loud voice, ‘In doing this we are
year provided an exceptionally good acting under the authority of the Central
opportunity for proclaiming the Gospel. Chinese Government and the secret sug-
In the first place, the weather was good, gestion of our own local officials to the
and secondly, there were over twenty of intent that Religious Toleration shall no
Wed our scholars who testified to the worth of longer be granted to the people.’ The
| Christianity. The services were so whole city was placarded with foul pro-
arranged that women attended in the clamations urging the overthrow of the
Wiki afternoons and men at night. During Christian Church. The mob was armed
| the week not less than five thousand per- with weapons of violence and _ its
sons attended the various services. Alto- clamour was like a boisterous wind.
gether unexpectedly on Sunday, the ninth When Miss Shuang Mei Lee, realizing

From the Mission House tf
the danger of the situation, withdrew into prevails throughout the Church in China. |
the Mission House, the mob with a shout \Where such a spirit exists there is no I fi
like the sound of thunder gripped their risk of persecution destroying the Church li |
weapons. broke open the doors of the of Christ. Persecution often reveals the 1
Mission House, and began their work of — victorious power of the Christian faith. H a
destruction. lortunately, just as the Happily, our Chaotong Church, which . is
matter had reached this serious situation, faced the menace so fearlessly, has not I oe
the Principal of the Chinese Government been called to endure the severer test. I) is
Middle School arrived and persuaded the The student storm soon subsided. Many |)
students to return to their quarters. The of the students subsequently called upon ||
next day they returned and continued the church leaders and apologized for il i
their riotous behaviour, clamourously their unseemly behaviour. There is calm ‘|| ies
asserting their intense hatred to Great after the storm, and the storm served to \
Britain, and saying that a secret order reveal, as storms had done before, the Hit |
had been received from the Yunnan Pro- wonderful power of Christ. | i
vincial Government that the Christian Weil
Church was to be destroyed, and that, Rev. F. B. Rev. F. B. and Mrs. | he
although previously the Government had Turner Turner arrived in Tient- ie
urged them to act as a covering shield Arrives. sin on December 18th, ee
to the Church, it had now changed its after a stormy voyage |
attitude and desired the students to be- from Shanghai. Mr. Turner gives the |
come the leaders in expelling the Church, following description of the state of imo
and consequently all ‘Christians were affairs: |
given twenty-one days to recant and no ‘General conditions are good, though Hh l S
one was to join the Church henceforth. the prospects are not clear ; for the situa- i |
Everyone disregarding this order would _ tion is still complicated. What I said at Hi} ]
run the risk of losing their lives. home about the turn of the tide against li ‘ee
“Seeing how extremely dangerous the Communism is being illustrated more | i
situation had become, Mr. Yang-Chen- violently and thoroughly than I ex-
hsing and Mr. John Lee went to the pected. The devil of Sovietism has been i eS
General in command of the city and to unmasked and recognized for what it is; i!)
the District Magistrate to inform them Russia’s evil influence is, I believe, i}
of the tumult. Fortunately there were a doomed, though the Bolshevists will con- Ii
few soldiers on the Mission premises at tinue to work underground for anarchy. . l| i
this time who had come to listen to the “Tt is clearer than ever that there is Hit I
Christian Doctrine, and the students, now no disagreement in principle between i
thinking the Authorities were sending the South and the North ; yet antagonism | | i
troops to protect Mission property, began continues, the divisive influences being | |
to disperse. plainly personal jealousies, faction in- I ie
“We then decided to send a telegram terests, and ambitions for place, power i ;
to the Provincial Government, but finding and aggrandizement.”’ i ee
telegraphic communication broken we i |
had no alternative than to write a letter ‘* Your Young Mr. Lamb, in Tikonko, is ii |
to the various departments and to the Menshall see seeing bright visions of | x
central Provincial Government. We our- Yisions.’’ the future of our mission H
selves, as the united body of Christians in Mendiland. He has | &
in Chaotong, have determined to live in lost no time in getting to grips with his i 7
intensest loyalty to Jesus Christ and to great task, and I venture to predict that ||
shed our blood for the Christian Church. he will live to see many of his visions i
(Signed) Yang Cheng Hsing. realized. He has prepared detailed plans !
Lee Yoh Han.” for the development of our Mendi work !
on the broad lines approved by our Con-
The Martyr The last sentence of the ference. He emphasizes, however, the |
Spirit. above statement reveals need for a larger staff and a larger out- i |
the true martyr spirit, and lay than had been contemplated. We |
gives gratifying evidence of the sterling trust that many other young people will i
quality of the Christianity planted in share his visions and be ready, either ky
Chaotong. We believe the same spirit service on the field or at home, to pro-
43 | 1]

mote their realization. We fully endorse simply as possible to our scholars, not
the main purpose, which Mr. Lamb in any mechanical, unintelligent way, but
: states in the following words : as far as possible so that our scholars
“Tn planning these lines of development will grasp what is taught.
S we have kept in mind first and foremost “3. That the boys themselves look for-
: the fact that we are a Christian Mission. ward to becoming teachers, evangelists
ws Our education, our preaching, our all and pastors to their own people, and
. must be given so that Jesus is brought as count it a proud thing to sound forth the
x a living reality to the lives of the Mendi word of the Lord.
= people, especially to our scholars, for in “4. That the scholars learn to read the
them rests the future. Having thus vernacular, and to respect it, and to
S brought Him to these people, we shall enjoy reading in their own tongue.’’
x have to guide them as they try to relate
x Him to their life in the African bush. All Dr. F. 8. Dr. Dymond, who came
= other work must be subordinated to this Dymond to this country in order to
RS one aim. In one sense we have to scrap Returns to enlarge his hospital prac-
; the ‘ broadmindedness’ which .gives Wenchow. tice during the period of
Es simply a loose education without a real evacuation from Wenchow and has spent
Ss dynamic in it. All we have must be con- seven months as the Casualty Officer in
‘ centrated into the one aim of teaching and connection with the General Hospital in
: preaching Jesus Christ. Bristol, is returning to Wenchow now
Ss “Toward this purpose we need to take that the station is again open for occupa-
S the following steps : tion. He is booked to sail per the
“1. That our scholars are provided P. and O. s.s. “Malwa’’ on March 23rd.
RS with copies of the New Testament as soon Dr. Stedeford, whose furlough is due,
eS as they reach a certain standard of has decided to remain until the autumn,
elementary education, and that by classes in order that he may see Dr. Dymond and
: and corporate reading they are encour- Nurses B. P. Smith and N. B. Raine fully
aged to read the book carefully and established in charge of the hospital ~
: reverently, especially concerning the life before he leaves. Dr. Stedeford resumed
' and teaching of Jesus. residence in Wenchow last October, and
“2. That our faith is presented as_ he reports that the city is ‘“quiet.’’
feo Se - Kenya. Rey. R. T. WORTHINGTON.
HOSE of us who have had the to the effervescence of recent years. It
privilege of living in Kenya Colony is written in a most readable style, and
are sometimes asked for the truth with exact reference to the writer’s own
| about the curious political disturbances diaries kept at the time, and on the spot.
there. Rather a large order that, es- There is possibly too strong a flavour
: ; pecially for one whose time was mostly _ of self-consciousness in many parts of the
spent ina Native Reserve, quite as much book, and certainly in that part which
out of touch with these happenings as the deals with matters in which he was more
average man or woman in this country. directly concerned. He admits the point,
Besides which, truth is many-sided, and and I can bear it out, that he was for
HS perhaps no one sees it all. My own some time a political storm-centre himself,
reply, however, for the future will be to That makes the book more interesting to
direct such questioners to a remarkable read, but whether it is a qualification or
book just published; “Kenya from otherwise for the relation of what he
Within,’ by W. McGregor Ross, late describes as “cold history ’’ is open to
Director of Public Works for the Colony. question. My recollection suggests that
(Allen and Unwin; 18s.) Here they will his own excursions were anything but
f find at least one facet of the truth ably cold. And my imagination wilZ picture
and completely exposed. The book isa him often smiling to himself as he
keen and somewhat merciless criticism of writes a good deal of what is here set
persons and events in Kenya, leading up forth.

- 1) i
| ;
Kenya i
It may be the fact that acquisitiveness and is reputed to send people mad.
is one of the main motives of those who Could we, I wonder, do without the li
settle in that country, and they are, for moon? ; HI
climatic and other reasons, liable to dis- To enter in the smallest degree upon til
: — . . .
ordered liver and nerves. But is Kenya the discussions which these pages pro-
so very Singular in these respects? And voke would be greatly to exceed my iil
in this still imperfect world is there any allotted space. The temptation to do so |) ae
other motive likely to prove strong is extreme. Room must be found, how- a
enough to induce people to settle in a ever, to note that the writer regrets that 1)
strange land? That it should be con- the missionary community has not inter- )
trolled, well, that is a different matter; vened oftener and with more effect in the | |
and I certainly agree that where there is different affairs he mentions. This raises | |
small disposition on the part of the indi- a complex issue, and left in that form is i) a
vidual to control it, the Government, as hardly fair to the missionaries. Until Hi |
trustee for all sections of the population, quite lately they have been widely scat- Hi]
is the right agent of control. Is it not tered, and without any medium of con- ie
true, however, that even our solar system certed action, a section of the community :
is kept in order by conditions of mutual without a united voice. But that state |
tension? And while I personally regret of things is ending rapidly, and I think a
very deeply many of the pages in Kenya’s that such a criticism will soon be one aH
history, I still wonder what the native quite impossible to make. Meanwhile, ae
would have done without the settler, as some things have been done, and natives j
well as the settler without the native. have been sheltered locally from many of ie
Indians, too, had a large ‘share in the the worst effects of political experiment i) i
early opening up of the country, in a andexploitation. It may be that in some Hil &
subordinate sense, certainly; though | things mistaken action has been taken, as ll! i
whether that entitles them toa permanent in the Memorandum supporting Compul- Hil i
place there is still one of the burning sory Labour.. But the reasons by which i |i
questions. . At present they would seem such a step was probably influenced were iH | ee
to be best likened to the moon of our. powerful, and many of them still remain. il i
celestial system, which causes the tides, I do not believe, moreover, that the mis- }
ON ii)!
Reka og epee eae PERRIS abe k io eee Wil i
Dis ISA oe 8 wr Pe eee pi eee Cerne eS LP |
* ee eae a ee Ria aya ie el ne ee gale Hil i
SP igkeaes SES ‘ RR earn tle te a PRN Spee ec Ranta Say i
Pee ee sig oe Ea COGS Cae ts ee rss, Mira ne hema Hil
: ea ae TEE ee Va ice Wil i
DEAS 7 AES Rg” ava AN aik 2c Nara eee hee sy Hi)
Ra he En NG i a Be ES PN Le ii
. a \ ha Se uae ne e oh Ae Regt ou’ pee oe aa Soke a | i
Shad pe, Be Ae ae ayy bye Re eee fla) 7p eee See © aes i
O\ Seg AY Re Gar CAC Ge aun A SINS ii anes kn |) is
vag os Woe RT EN Gh PAAR, Condes tard is oar geeca ne ee canna ns i)
yee Ras A MSO fey Ne gy AR CO ABLE By ae te ke ARS ||| Ie
Ai alte BE SENG ONES \\ av) Be ey by are ieiaes Vane ies eda a easier eo ua i }
OE RN | CENA /.76 RGN ser ae ae eee nts EA? b i |
nd Se sitio Ss aOR ee ot Bd des Sumer Za eeu es o2 ees LR ha Pa eee | }
Oe a Rs ee RH AN NUT Ne Oe AaB ea Fea apes)’ p Saree el SY IS RY, \ aM ata j
oe * NS ‘eae ay a ae see im ba oe te ey ete 3 yey “\8 ce jen Dae} |
see SE Bie) Nigh JAN ONY EN Tc! AR Se Pek ee ode erie eee 1
Q “se NWA Ve ee 1 |
= Peg See ie ee aN NV cheer seeteoy F oe hi SNe ee pence ]
| gee “so iaigfana en Sy Pe ee Ne |
R ee, SA oy a * a ; ae oo ct i } ~
ee |! Ky SR OR > i i SS a
y esas i). ft Sp ae Yog eo a c Hill
me ae \ «| Bg EA r/ eo eA. Xe. \ 8 Bisse): a Hi!
es oe | dt Fale se ks, 8 SNR |
_ a ee iy Seer ae * o oe ee i)
— See t uy recs + 4 < 4 Veo | : i
: west ee — a |
ae 2. | een 6 ee , oO Reine { }
i f tag oper ‘ acme Nena eeeea
ners ea a ee Feo eae Sern pees
ait BE yee soe eee \ An Bs ae eee are ~~ ares * ees sv same :
SA ecco es a & ps = ons POS Mc i. Ro as re,

TO BAe OR sumac. ec ese aie ence WR RT oes poser Tage ar
oes Rote a San Rn a lead oS ae Cs ER RE i
Sceemeeene a a es eee ee

Christian Women at Mazeras, Kenya. (Photo: Mr. T. Butler, J.P. i)! }
45 We |

A Wonderful Mass Movement in West Africa
sionaries who supported that proposal had of one another’s existence, a less selfish
anything before their minds so much as and more courageous attitude towards
: the ultimate good of the natives who the difficulties that remain, a happier
were concerned. The coming of British future is assured. All young things grow
government has meant a complete revolu- by the noise they make, but nobody with
: . tion to the native, and during the transi- experience takes them too seriously, until
=a tion from tribal to ordered rule many of with greater comprehension of the ulti-
: them suffered greatly, both physically and mate good, they learn that they are mem-
Se morally. And it may easily be that some _ bers of a community, each of whom exists
ss of the missionaries had more confidence for the others, and none simply for him-
in the character and good intentions of — self, or even for himself and friends alone.
S their compatriots than Mr. Ross appears Once again, if anyone would under-
= to have. stand the salad days of Kenya, this study,
nS I am thankful to share the author’s by an eminent Government official, is
Â¥ belief that the troubles of Kenya do not most emphatically one of the books to
os lie very deep, and with a larger tolerance _ read.
; - 4
: A Wonderful Mass M t
‘ onder ul ass ovemen
: in West Africa.
: RE our readers acquainted with the vestige of their former faith. The sacred
RS A story of the Prophet Harris and groves of the corrupt fetish worship were
; mass Christian movement on the cut down, and on the Ivory Coast some-
Ivory Coast, West Africa? Some are, thing like a hundred thousand people
but not all. Let me tell it, in brief. I turned from their idols to God.
wish, though, I could tell it in full, for a The fame of the prophet spread like
S more wonderful story it would be hard to a forest fire. Crowds of people came
f find. from far-distant villages to hear him, and
Under God the movement is due to a thousands were converted. Naturally
eS native West African, William Wade enough, among a_ primitive people all
Harris. In his village the American kinds of legends began to be told about
=< Methodist Church had a mission station, Harris. It was said that he had miracu-
and his uncle was a native pastor. When lous powers, that he had seen a vision of
he was twenty-one, Harris gave his heart angels, that he had the power of life and
to God. He was a great lover of the death. But the prophet was a sincere,
Rible, and soon after his conversion he earnest man, .preaching with such pas-
| a began preaching to his own people © sionate conviction that his hearers were
e against the folly and wickedness of unable to withstand his appeals.
fetishism. He made his way through It was not his purpose to found a new
Liberia, and with great passion and_ religion, or a new sect. He said he was
energy cried, “Burn your idols. Wor- a herald, a forerunner, a messenger.
ship the one true God.’’ He achieved “Go back to your villages,’’ he said,
much success, though no small amount “build churches, sing hymns, keep the
of persecution. Indeed, he was im- sabbath, and some day a white teacher
prisoned for railing against the native will come and be your shepherd.”
| religion. Later he went on to the Ivory In 1914, Harris paid a brief visit to
Coast, and like one of the old Hebrew the British Gold Coast, and repeated his
prophets he went from village to village successes there, though to a smaller
i denouncing the old religion, and calling extent. It was here that the Wesleyan
on men everywhere to turn to the God of Missionary Society first heard of the
the Bible. work the prophet had done, though there
i Mighty things happened. Village after was no thought that it was on so vast a
village responded to his appeals. Chiefs, — scale.
fetish priests, and people, all joined in a Then dark days followed. The French
determination to rid themselves of every authorities of the Ivory Coast feared that
46 .

| He
A Wonderful Mass Movement in West Africa | &
this widespread change of native customs out to meet him, generally with flags I i
would cause grave unsettlement among and singing, and they carried him \ :
the people. Suppose there should be a off in rapture to their churches. In- Lyi
native rising, and the Coast drained of describable scenes took place in many HH |
troops through the European war? No villages; the enthusiasm was marvellous. iil :
sort of native unrest could be tolerated at Everywhere Mr, Platt was greeted with Hi
such a time. So in order to be on the ‘“You’ve come at last! ’’? Their joy knew | ze
safe side, Harris was deported three hun- no bounds. All they now asked was to tii] E
dred miles away, and forbidden to return — be joined to the Methodist Church, and 1) y
to French soil. The French Government to have white teachers. Halil f
of the Ivory Coast decided upon an even Mr. Platt sent a report of this extra- |
more drastic step: nothing less than ordinary tour to the Wesleyan Missionary | ee
destroying all the churches that Harris Society. Before it was read at the com-
had raised up. This was done. mittee the question of finance had been |
But the people remained 1]
firm. Though they saw fe = re |
their churches destroyed, |e | Sa eee Me ey ik
and were without their fe Se 2 ae de = I |S
leader, the good work Og ES Tae | ‘
continued to spread. In oe es iil
course of time they braved oe eg. ey
the wrath of the authorities sy ee ee a _ Sa %
and in many places re- |) aie Pe ES : Wel]
built their churches; but | j4# ee si =
whether it was only in the 97% be fe s te game Br.“ a 3
bush, or in some primitive J) @& eee ae | oe 3 Hil
shed of rough poles with a aie aes pS sd HU
roof of palm leaves, they Ji Bae — re } i
kept the Lord’s Day with [se eee j fh ‘3s ij iE
hymns and prayers, and J/â„¢ | et Hil |
some sort of preaching [ig ay, fh we i
such as could be given by peo GN S | a oe | | ie
the uninstructed native Jf LS aN an oi | i
“apostle.” et i i. f eNaL oe i]
Ten vears later a Wes- a {i | oe ‘on ! Hii]
leyan missionary, Rey. — iif; pdr BU =f |
W. J. Platt, whose work ae pt? 13 { Hill
was in Dahomey, heard Ve jj ra a. i Wi i
of these people who had ae Sg oe A ! |e
been brought to God by % > i og iY i
the Prophet Harris. He ae y -§ \ “a i
heard also that they had oF Ah i)
waited year after year for 4 Be aes A i) il
a white teacher. He deter- oe: o | ; il
mined to go and see for : 2 HI] .
himself what truth there Re i Hi) i
was in the reports that had : : bay He:
reached him. j ed 1)
Travelling by a dug-out : a
canoe he visited village 3 # | }
after village of the Ivory a 1)
Coast, and wherever he a i
went he met with an as- ; a oe , |
tonishing reception. He ok ; |
was greeted as the white \ 7 i
teacher Harris had_ said @ |
would one day come to i) ie
them. Huge crowds turned The Prophet Harris. (Photo per favour of the W M.M.S. |
47 i |
. H |
< i]

A Wonderful Mass Movement in West Africa
under discussion, and a serious deficiency Church if he wishes to be faithful to me.
was feared. The ultimate deficiency Mr. Platt, the director of our Methodist
turned out to be £20,000. Retrenchment Church, is appointed by me as my suc-
was likely ; certainly ‘marking ‘time.’’ cessor to the head of the churches which
Then came Mr, Platt’s report. I have founded.
- Jt has been said that those who were “All the fetishes, koubos, and ju-jus
RS present at the committee that morning must be destroyed. All must adore the
. will never forget the effect the reading of only true God in Jesus Christ, and Him
a that report produced. It came like a ajone must you serve.”
. thunderbolt—nay, it was as the Guiding - ye tas att
Voice calling Methodism to the greatest. he Prophet’s grasp of Christian truth
advance contemplated for many years.”? 1S imperfect, naturally enough. But the
: The difficulties were faced, and they were work this simple-minded, earnest man has
om great, but the solemn decision was made done is almost incredible. We ask our
to accept the call as from God, and to ‘eaders to get Mr. F. Deaville Walker's
send missionaries at once to shepherd 00k, The Story of the Ivory Coast,
these thousands of people. and read for themselves one of the most
‘ This was done, and at the present time remarkable stories ever written. It only
S six missionaries are at work. But more COStS @ shilling, and can be got through
are needed to guide this vast multitude, CU" Publishing House.
— and in addition there is the need of board-
ing schools for boys and girls. A few weeks ago there was launched
at Hampton “L’Evangeliste ’’—a motor-
= What became of the Prophet Harris? launch to be used for this great work.
All knowledge was lost of him for many To-day Ford cars and motor-boats are
= / years, and it was thought -he was dead. taking the place of hammocks and dug-
os But news at last came of him, and he was Out Canoes as means of travel for mis-
— discovered in his native village about ‘Siomaries, and many prayers will be
eighteen months ago, living in poverty, Offered that a
| but still strong in faith. | L’Evangel- i eee Fee
fail ~ He has sent many messages to the iste ” may 7)! PVN Gh Ds SSssiss =
| Ivory Coast Christians. In one of them become a mis- By Bip) i Cae eee
he says, “All the men, women and chil- Sionary ship evar Ne j A
| dren who have been baptized by me, Of e€ver~ BMV Ses eg
must enter the Wesleyan Methodist blessed fo | yf
| Church. I myself am a Methodist. No - memory. : ae
one must enter the Roman Catholic ALE. J. C. | =
SE TE EE STEER rat reese
ae. Bes OE ee Tm
Li . Le rs ae 4 ata
wt Tas RMI LS Se ge a fo UC The Wiese sed. ts cage ‘ee
| ew lair ine Sa ed ea es ee ei <% A Be, ee
Hi pes fe Be eat tre pcesed Be ce ge TR een GR ES OS 2 ‘ESS
Ha ei CP ye ts aes
HH gia Go here ee | en eo Gig al
hil ee el) ae Hee ee Wy oe Pees Bet wi)
i Ph gt Big cs a dF
Hin ee ae eek” Gee geet eB ins t \ Skea page es es PS ee ea ey | ee :
ie . see 8 S nivlige eS ee RL ar ee 1 tL
hie a dN A
ae Nia ee ee Ss ee
Wie A Village Congregation on the Ivory Coast, [Photo per favour of the W.M.M.S.

The National Laymen’s | &€&
Missionary M , &
onary Movement Hi
HE recent important Conference of ‘ live’ stuff—both in the countries and
T the National Laymen’s Missionary the peoples, in the human expenditure, '
Movement, held at the Bible in the heroic quality of our missionaries, l! 3
House, Queen Victoria Street, London, we have the best material in the world, sh
under the chairmanship of Lord Kil- but our use of it has been much too sen- y
maine, gave earnest consideration to’the timental. And in using’ that word let me |
question as to how men could be reached — say that, surely, we are too intelligent to
in the greatest task of the Church— decry sentiment ; it is sentimentality, not | 4
world missions. sentiment, that we object to. — Recently i i
The subjects considered were : missionary societies and others have been |
The Approach to Men: trying through such men as Mr. Basil |
|. Through Literature. Mathews, to provide the right kind of a
2 Throueh the Press writers. We have got the material. There ‘
_ 5 a is not a mission, there 1s not a mission- 1} a
fo Men in the Church: Church ary, that has not got heroic stories to dy | ie
Officials ; Ordinary Church Members; — tell; the problem is how best to work up {|
Men outside or on the fringe; Young that material. The football match in Mr. \) eh
Men ; through Interdenominational Basil Mathews’ ‘The Clash of Colour’ I} |
Groups ; Individual Effort. has gripped the imagination of the world. i
Mr. F. C. Linfield, ].P., spoke on The That indicates something of the line of il | es
World Position and the Call to Men. approach.”
In speaking on the Approach to Men Mr. Hird said that publishers are eager | 's
through Literature, Rev. Arthur Hird gy business erounds to get the right
said that the ordinary man is not read-— pooks, and missionary societies ought to 1
mg 5 that is, he 1s not reading books. see that the right books are written. Be
Even the man who is definitely Christian . © : |
; is not reading much besides the news- The subject of reaching men through i
paper. ‘The amount of reading he does the Press was dealt with by Mr. Sydney ii) i
is simply pitiful. We have sold 105,000 Walton, C.B.E., M.A., B.Litt. He said {|
copies of ‘Christ of the Indian Road.’ that, roughly, the readers of the morning i!) i
Take the Church membership, the num- P@pers of this country were 10,000,000 ; 1 i
ber of paid church workers in the British of evening papers 20,000,000; and of
Isles alone ; take the amount of discus- Sunday papers 10,000,000. He held that |i
sion that book has raised; take the fact there was no ill-will in any editor’s office | |
that it deals with ali sorts of problems towards missions. “There is, in fact, a i ie
—yet we proclaim that 105,000 as a Srowing’ sense in the editor’s office, and H |
record ! in the Press as a whole, of the reality of i
“Now the way to get at the ordinary the fact that man does not live by bread | ls
man through literature is to get at the alone. Articles on religion, you may i
ordinary boy through literature, and we describe them as a stunt—yes, in a sense* } e
can get the ordinary boy. Our first 4 stunt—but they were a_ revelation to i
approach, through missionary literature Fleet Street, a revelation of the depth and | |
has not been human enough. Our intensity of a man’s hunger to read about a
ordinary boys are pagan idealists, if you things which thoughts do but tenderly i i
will, though I would delete the word touch. We have left the editor in the,
‘pagan,’ and I would sav they are human dark about missions. The fault is not i
idealists. It seems fairly obvious to me his ; it is ours. |
that the approach to the ordinary boy is Mr. H. W. Peet, of the “Far and Near |
through fiction. That, I think, has not Press Bureau,” told of the ways he had Hy
been worked enough. Various mission- been able to communicate “live”? news of |
ary societies I know are looking at this missions and missionaries to the Press of i)
matter very closely. We have the finest the country, and to the fact that the i
material in the world for appealing to the P.roadéasting Corporation give a monthly i
ordinary boy —heroic, vivid, human, missionary travel talk. Editors were only | i
49 }
| |

The Christian World Mission
too glad to get readable news and = and Mr. A. W. Edwards. Our readers can
articles by men who know what they are get an excellent report of the subjects
writing about. dealt with at the Conference by sending
We are represented on the National sixpence to the National Laymen’s Mis-
Council of the Movement by Dr. H. Lloyd — sionary Movement, 3 Tudor Street, Black-
Snape, O.B.E., Mr. E. Cropper, O.B.E., — friars, London, E.C.4.
= se se =>
< The Christian The Relation between the Older Churches of
Christendom & the Younger Churches Overseas.
World Mission. Rev. WILLIAM PATON.
s N the first two of these articles we work is carried on, we begin to realize
| have considered the fundamental some of the difficulties. In the countries
Message, and the task of Religious of Asia, almost without exception, one of
; Education. Each of these questions the most prominent elements in the
RX brings us up against the fact of the national life and outlook is the spirit of
SS Church. That the Christian religion is Nationalism. This spirit is shown not only
; not merely a series of intellectual ideas, in politics, where it is, of course, a very
: but a life lived in an historic fellowship, important force, but in all departments of
does not need to be argued here. Any- life—art and literature, economics, philo-
| one who has given a moment’s thought sophy and not least in religion. It is an
: to missionary work must have realized undoubted fact that in India to-day a
= the extreme importance, in all missionary — fresh energy of a kind has been given to
planning and policy, of the Church in the Hinduism by the Nationalist passion ; it
mission-field, and of the fostering of its is the historic religion of the greater part
| life. Moreover, it is a universally ac- of the Indian people and is very naturally
cepted principle of missionary work that invested on that account with an added
Whi the “mission’’ in so far as it has a_ attractiveness by all who care deeply for
foreign origin and control, isa temporary the Indian heritage. Buddhism in Japan
thing, and that the Church, planted by relies for some of its power on the fact
: God’s grace in every land, is the per- that it has for so long been associated
manent Christian society. more than any other religion with the
; When we come to look more carefully typical Japanese culture. If, in such cir-
into all that is involved in the building of | cumstances, Christianity comes in a
the Church in the lands where missionary foreign guise, and the Christian society
(| Ba e@le
| sss i ee & e
Dips : see Pi sae hee ;
i Bae ie a k P= ee Goa 4 ie
Lik} Bo. Ses & “ey a 4
HG é PREC sai Re aye A! = ow Be ae fan ©
Ber RS oe ee air ey a
Hi oh sy aie i year Bs
thi hn : a a ce os me | Erk
Hild | ees i Be BS a RE EE
| The Members of the Conference held at Bo.
i (Photo: Rev. E. Cocker,

Hi Dec
1 3
The Christian World Mission
appears to be mainly a foreign institution, lutely certain that the effect will be
it must necessarily lose much of its shown in men’s attitude towards these 1" |
appeal. vital matters, such as baptism and con- tit
This is felt not merely by non-Chris- version, which are only properly to be 1 .
tians but more definitely and poignantly understood in relation to the Church. ti :
by Christians. There is probably no mis- It is therefore very plain that on the >
sionary society working in any of the true and wise adjustment of the relation \)
lands where the nationalist passion is between the foreign mission and the in- | 7
awake that has not been wrestling with digenous Church far more depends than
the problems -which arise out of this grow- mere questions of organization. | More- i
ing self-consciousness of the Church. over, we must not let ourselves think that |
What are they ? this is only a problem where there is Hi
How far is the Church in the mission- S¢lf-conscious Nationalism. It is a uni- {|
field naturalized in the lands where it is Versal_ issue. It is not less important in Hil
at work? Or do the facts of foreign the tribal communities of Africa that the |
origin, continued foreign — finance, an Church should grow up in the very heart =
measure of foreign control, foreign of the tribal life _than that, it should i methods in organization, worship, and so breathe to the Indian of a “Christ of the 1} ==
on, make the Church ineffective in its Indian Road. i
task of witness to the essential spirit of This subject, like those we have dis- |
Christ? Here one may say that it is cussed before, is being studied in anticipa- a
almost universally agreed that the Church tion of the Jerusalem meeting. It may | ee
in every land ought to be as “racy of the — perhaps be held that the most important »:
soil’? as possible, provided always that — service of all that the International Mis- ie
everything is subordinated to the spirit sionary Council can render in this respect iS
of Christ Who is for all men equally. But will be in the fact that it will bring to- Vel ;
disputes gather round questions of gether very many of those who, whether ! is
method and speed, and when _ national in the administration of great missionary (|) ioe
sentiment runs high men are inclined to societies, or in the leadership of the in- | |i
say that all foreign connection is fatal. digenous Churches of India and Africa, i} )
Even where there is the utmost possible hold responsibility in the matter. Where ll |
good will there are very delicate matters we touch something so delicate as | i
to be settled regarding the control of national feeling, and are concerning our- {} |
money, the control of missionaries, and selves with a living, developing organism i |
the rights of the foreign supporting working in a changing world, nothing is i} |
society. so important as personal confidence and !
One may, perhaps, refer to one aspect rust It may be that some contribution :
of this matter which ought not to be may pe made to this by the two hundred H i}
forgotten. On any of the different who will meet to pray and-speak to one i i
theories as to the nature of the Church— another about these things at Jerusalem. |
and Christians do differ among them- It may be, also, that to some who find the }
selves very vitally on this matter—it will terrible exigencies of national life so |
be acknowledged that the Church is a pressing’ that the significance of Chris- |
spiritual society, and that such a rite as hanity as an international society has
baptism, and such a fact as conversion, scarcely weighed with ‘them, that meet- | 7
have their meaning partly at least in ues fellowship. a reminces of-the world- i\
relation to that spiritual society. But if i © ie lowship, anc ra “convey jerful
the Church comes to be thought of as Bee experience oF -that .-wondertu
something other than that spiritual so- reas i
ciety, if it comes, as among many in ao !
China to-day, to be thought of as an
instrument of foreign propaganda, or, aS “Musa. Son of Egypt.” By Mary En- | ny
among many in India (and here we touch twistle. (Edinburgh House Press, 2s.) Hy
on another and grave issue) as merely one This is a charming and_ well-illustrated Hi) a
among the many “communities”? into story for children showing what the know- 1
which India is divided, then it is abso- ledge of Jesus means to Egyptian childhood. | |
1 1
51 i,
i |

. e 9
The Editor’s Notes.
Missionary Council at Jerusalem. were not. enough to go round they had
: The most important gathering of mis- given theirs to other PASSCNS ees oe
; sionary leaders since the Missionary Con- Says the writer of the notice 7 “It ve
ference at Edinburgh in 1910 will take always the same. If there were two ured
’ place in Jerusalem from March 24th to people ‘and tents casychairy we pare
ws April 8th. Some of the subjects for dis- ook t mu anarene, i en y~nece of
: cussion have been dealt with in our pages book, two hungry fo! < and one piece °
Ye by the Rev. W. Paton, the editor of cake, it was never Norah who took it.
S “The International Review of Missions.”’ Her friends grew to understand that ber
_ We hope to publish a brief account of the familiar oo you fa nd Me : gon t rea ;
~~ Council meetings from the pen of Mr. want it, was final, anc they acquiesced.
a Basil Mathews. So when at the end there were two people
s The subjects to be discussed include : and one life-belt it seems supremely
= The Christian life and message in rela- natural and lovely that she should pass
“ - tion to. non-Christian systems and inte the new life, with this thought, if not
: thought ; The principles and practice of on er Tips, at least *% her heart. ity j
kf religious education ; The relation of older his ew \ as i mrrs cau I r sliev «. he
Ss Churches of Christendom to the younger Enis c i See thi | 1e never Terane reed
e ; Churches overseas; Christian responsi- could do big things, and was always ready
: bility in regard to relations between to discount her own abilities. I would
: races, industrial relations and the life of love to covelie.” 7 any See I
Sx rural communities, and The future of can t even tare ; , COUTSE, bee |
! international missionary co-operation. treasurer, but I eon: thins T can do. alt
; We ask for the prayers of our readers you want.” Yet in her quiet, unassuming
for this great gathering. The number of way she did 0 much. Many People will
delegates will be about two hundred, of remember who. it ite iat was alm ays
Sw whom two-thirds will be nationals of their ready to wash up a ter vast committee
respective countries. teas ; who was always willing to do the
- . inconvenient jobs ; whose room, furniture,
5 , © - © ” books and crockery were at everyone’s
“Two Tired People and One service at all times ; whose generosity
Easy-Chair.” aah failed ; a ae never realized
won re . oe ow much it helped. She was one o
> 3 weak is eT ea ie ee Moen, those who would ask in utter amazement,
ment’? for February, left Bedford Col- teord wen Sa we Thee an hungred
lege in 1925 to take up teaching under * @ @ ®
the American Congregational Mission in :
Turkey, first at Smyrna and then at World Service, or only World
: Brusa. With a young Swiss girl she Invoices :
spent the Christmas week-end with a Why world service? World trade cer-
hospitable friend, Miss MacNaughten, at tainly ; and world culture, but why world
Constantinople. As they were returning service? Rev. W. J. Noble, of the
on the Monday after Christmas Day by Wesleyan Missionary Society, discusses
| steamer to Brusa they were run into by the question in an arrestive little book
another steamer in a dense fog. The published by the Cargate Press at a shil-
captain tried to rush his boat into port, ling. The world is on our doorstep, says
Hi but twenty minutes after the collision the Mr. Noble. “We can walk down the
boat sank, and the girls went down streets of any large town in England and
with it. meet an Indian, an African, a Chinese, a
From stories told by the survivors it Japanese. They are in our universities,
i appears these two girls were not the our medical schools, our colleges of
least afraid when the collision occurred, engineering, our houses of business. And
but were seen comforting the Macedonian _ they are learning more than classics and
(Hi refugees who had never seen the sea law, science and medicine. They are
before , and were terribly frightened. appraising and judging this land which
| One survivor said he was sure the girls calls itself Christian.’’ As for ourselves,
had life preservers at first, but as there we are not so much on the doorstep of

Le i y
Some Things That Christian Missions Have Accomplished ||
other nations, we have gone inside the shared in by his devoted wife. At last, I
house. for this saintly man, the journey is done 1

Is our only contact with other nations and the summit attained. Wi
to be what Carlyle called the cash nexus ? & ® ® © Hil
Have we no other purpose in China and A Juvenile Secretary who has | =

ia < A frice He - -acent 5 . |
India and Africa than to present them raised £1,041, 1 “i
our invoices? Our Missions are the At. Shernhall Church, Walthamstow ;
answer of the Christian Church. Free Mr Ha “old. C. u anh ’; . a no wenile li .
Trade in ideas has come to stay; the Mis . oe “et ay hac ‘ i t Juve © ||
Church deals with the most tremendous ' hee won se Dino te t tir S the fi o Hit
. . . a}y y F rine ¢ 2 j
idea which ever entered the mind of man, WOVE YCaTs- uring: tae time wie ane | é
: Ah ee tg a sum of £1,041 has been raised by the || os
that God is in Christ reconciling the world 5 i I] i

. : rt 5 Sunday School scholars. Mr. Humphreys |
unto Himself. We cannot escape the has had an averace of about forty col |
obligation of world service. The terms as had an average of about iorty Col iH

f - discipleship involve the spreadi lectors who collect money weckly, and |
of our discipleship involve the spreading ee a / ee

1. Pa . . 5 pay it in after the school sessions each ||
of this Idea throughout the world. n 5 . : . 1! || i

7 _ _ - re Sunday. By this method this splendid ell]

We urge our readers to buy “World - 4 : : ~ Hii]
St OP eo ge ith nde amount has been raised. We heartily ally :
Service. It is a stimulating book. Milit YS

. om a: congratulate Mr. Humphreys. Have we {|
» * ~ “ a juvenile secretary who can beat this | #
Rev. W. F. Newsam. record ?
: oe & & & &

A true friend of missions has passed wos . ET ;
away in the Rev, W. F. Newsam. — His Two Honoured Missionaries. || z
article in our last issue on “A Year of While these lines are being written, Hi) :
Prayer for Missions ” was written out of | two greatly honoured missionaries are on
a definite experience of the power of their way home. Rev. G. W. Sheppard -
prayer. Each year a subscription for is due shortly from Shanghai, and the » } | :
our denominational missionary gatherings Rev. E. Cocker from Sierra Leone. The
was received from him, with the words, latter will discuss with the missionary |) a
“From the home prayer meeting.” For committee important developments in Hil |
many years he has held such meetings in West Africa. Mr. Sheppard is the Bible ij
his own home, a work of faith joyfully ' Society’s secretary for China. all i


° ° e } j

Some Things That Christian a |

° ° ° nil ie

Missions Have Accomplished. | |
j i

r . . “41° i

HEY have been the means by which assistants and where twelve million treat- l i
the followers of Christ have grown ments are given annually. j i

from a despised sect in a small They have been the first to establish | i

subjugated colony until they are to-day philanthropic agencies to care for or- {
the most numerous of any religion in the phans, lepers, the blind and the deaf | z

world. where to-day over 27,000 unfortunates

By peaceful means, the preaching of are provided for, |
the Gospel, they have transformed the They have been the leaders in educa- .
countries of Europe and of the Americas ting the people of many lands in habits
from- paganism to centres of Christian of cleanliness and health, and in the |
civilization. care of children, thus lessening the i

They have introduced into non-Chris- danger of the spread of plague, pesti- tt
tian lands, schools and_ colleges which lence and disease.
have now a total membership of over They have introduced into many lands
2,500,000 pupils. trade schools and better tools and | I)

They have been the first to open in methods of work to increase the ability | i
many non-Christian lands, hospitals and — of backward peoples in self-support, to | :
dispensaries in which to-day there are promote better standards of living and to i
employed over 8,000 doctors, nurses and develop Christian character. \|

pio} , 1)
33 i |


| |



For the Young People
‘They have co-operated in efforts to part, into over 800 languages and dia-
establish peace and to promote righteous- lects, distributing over twenty million
: ness, to abolish human slavery, poly- copies in a single year.
eamy, intemperance and other social They have trained thousands of Chris-
; evils. tians in non-Christian lands to take
si They have been the means of opening leadership in their own churches sO as
aE the doors of education to women and to make Christianity and its institutions
‘ have helped to set them free from social indigenous in these lands.
a bondage, to lift them out of degradation The victories of the past and the needs
S and to relieve their suffering. and opportunities of the present are a
They have reduced thousands of lan- sublime challenge to the Church to com-
S guages and dialects to writing, have pre- plete the task of evangelizing the world.
pared dictionaries and grammars and From “The Missionary Review of the
S have translated the Bible, in whole or in World.”
3 ad fe
cS For the Young A Letter from West Africa
s People. to British Boys and Girls.
An open letter to the boys and girls at Tinsley, Sunsets on my right leg. The tsetse fly
x Rotherham, and Ecclesfield, at Arnold also is described as the purveyor of a bite
: (according to promise), and to all the other boys fatal to horses. I seem to be all right so
| and girls in all our churches, including the grown- far, and am venturing to conclude that I \
SS up ones who say they enjoy children’s addresses gm not a horse. I wonder if asses are |
: better than sermons. immune—the dictionary doesn’t say. |
Dear Boys AND GIRLS, am telling you the truth when .I say I |
To-morrow I shall be writing to a have had to stop just now to doctor my
prominent Government official, and it leg. You see, you only need mention the
i will be expedient, if not necessary, for word mosquito here and you begin to
: me to begin with : “I have the honour to tickle all over.
address you.” I cannot think of begin- I saw a snake the other day seven feet
ning my letter to you in that way, but long; the motor I was in ran over its
ss for all that the honour is mine, and I am tail. I have seen driver-ants coming
proud to say so. down a grassy bank like a cataract of
I hear you had a bad summer in Eng- ink. I have seen them stretched like a
land last year; you had rain every day black ribbon across a road, like a queue
but one, and that day was wet. But going into a cinema (I wish I could say
you don’t know what rain is: you church). I have seen them spread over a
lib should come here. I have. thought large space like a fall of soot in the
sometimes that the sea has run up the drawing-room just when mother has got
4 sky and then come down upon us again everything spick and span. I have
through a hole at the top. The rainy pranced through them like (only like) a
season which was heralded by tornadoes circus horse, afraid they would run up
Hi last April is retiring to the same march- my legs—the rascals! I saw an iguana
| ing-tune in November, and the dry one day, when the air was thick with
WT season is beginning. There will be flying ants. Have you every heard the
i glorious sunshine every day for about proverb, “When God wished to destroy
five months, and for pelting rain we shall the ant He gave it wings?” I have seen
have pelting sunbeams—think of that. monkeys, and lizards, and spiders as big
| Would you like to come and see? At this as donkeys (not quite) cockroaches, the
| very moment, as I tell you of these won- beautiful praying mantis. I have seen
ders, I can count seven bites on my legs the rainbow broken into butterflies, and
el and three on my arms. Mosquitoes are —but I am wandering away.
a responsible for a number of the bites ; I began with the intention of telling
ants have done a bit of excavating, but you how Mr. Lamb and I journeyed from
the deadly tsetse has painted the three Kpeyama to Gbangema_ last October.
| 54

For the Young People ih
We had to get to Kpevama first, travel- carrier, and after that we got on very t}
ling in the Government-Mail Sardine well. VN
‘Vin, which is another story. If that bus For about ‘three miles we travelled Wad
had only had another storey we should northward towards Bo, until we came to
have been more comfortable. Before we oribundu, where we turned to the right ||
got into the hammocks for the thirteen into the new road which will | link up | ¥
mile journey to Gbangema, the chief Sumbuya in the Southern Province with |
drew me on one side and asked as a Blama on the railway, running in a north- | ;
special favour that I should give him a easterly direction through Gbangema. i:
bottle of whisky. Now I ask you—those Three miles from Koribundu along the Hii]
who know me—do I look like a man Bo road stands Bendu, which place we |
who secretes bottles of whisky about his oped to reach in the evening after travel- 1
person? 1 used the word devil once or ling: twenty-two miles uP. and down two |
twice in explaining why I was out of sides of a triangle. Believing we could I}
“whisky, and left the Chief very puzzled. do this, we ordered Willy and James to Hell]
More could be said about this. goon to Bendu and wait for us: we had | Zz
; : : . been told that the road was almost ||
Now I believe it was a certain young — through to Gbangema and that travelling ||) ie
| lady of Tinsley who, when at school, would be easy. A few days later, when | =
wrote an essay on the cat (on paper we got hold of the good man who thus 1}
really) and stated as a fact that a cat had informed us, we threatened him with a |
four legs, one at each corner. A ham- terrible revenge. What a time we had! ; i
mock has more legs than a cat; it has Our first trouble was a most vicious Wl |
eight legs, two at each corner. The thunder-storm, during which (so it seemed l | %
hammock-seat is slung under a hammock- to us) a hose with a nozzle as big as the i
| frame which rests on the heads of four moon was being turned on us; and there I :
men, one at each corner. They need to is a dear person somewhere who at this i is
| be strong men, and all about the same point of the story would say, “And did |
height. It would never do to have, say, you get wet?” to which Mr. Lamb and I Wild
three men, 6 feet 6, and the fourth, Would reply, “Oh, no; we only perspired i
4 feet 4. When Mr. Lamb got going the ;ather freely.” But we carried on. The i
whole contrivance looked like a dog with sun came out and dried us, and we said, wil |
au lame leg, because one of the men was “Thank you very much.” About half way, i
too short. Of course, that little defect the road ran up against a wall of bush, i
had nothing to do with Mr, Lamb’s per- and we‘had to turn aside into a bush- Hitt
forming a back-somersault when he tried track. Later, we struck another section 4
to sit in the hammock sideways. Side- of the road. and soon after heard the Hi }
ways is the most comfortable position, happy laughter of boys. We came upon 1] cs
only you need to be careful when you sit — these boys near the end of this particular H
down. In addition to the hammock boys . i j
there was one carrying the big water- ER i
bottle, another bringing the chop-box, : a A
while my boy Willy, and Mr. Lamb’s boy ye = i g
James, carried odds and ends, including cece a H |
the fowl and eggs given us by the Chief foe ae : |
at Kpeyama. So we jogged along at half- —— eo | a
past ten in the morning. We hadn’t gone ‘<¢. e s }
far before my south-west corner boy — . ‘ee eage .
began to breathe in short pants—literally ef i
true, he was wearing short pants, but Ge Re i
vou know what I mean. He was either BS sth |
really, or feignedly, distressed, much to e ; :
the disgust of the Samson who did duty . Eee i
at the south-east corner. Samson became mw me if
sarcastic, so that his breath began to B | i
come in loud ironical short pants, and the — ' ‘ . |
other two boys laughed. In the end the ; |
panter had to change jobs with the water Rey. Edward Cocker. | 14
55 /

For the Young People
stretch of road. They were running in bush-track,) and—goodness! the rain
and out of the bush, each with half a had flooded all the streams. I was car-
kerosene tin on his head which he was ied half way across one stream, but had
filling with soil and carrying to where ¢o call a retreat. There was nothing else
two boys with dibble and line were set- 9 qo put go over on Samson’s shoulders.
ting the tufts of lemon grass which are How Samson kept his feet I don’t know ;
ws used for a border along these country jt would have been “a do” if he had
; roads. They were all a perfect mess from slipped. I turned round and saw Mr.
: ead to foot, for the rain had made the Lamb dithering on top of Sandow, look-
a muddy ‘1 pet 1 dear 4a pow they ing for all the world like a monkey-up-a-
aug and shriek renerally dis- : . ;
ote qa tne ees xe "ain generally d1s~ stick, which, of course, was exactly how
. we + alyvec x reryv . 7
: hes ce Ehem serves as being in a very | must have appeared to him. And would
heaven of delight. As we went along, you pelieve it? I saw also that blessed
x and came to bigger boys and men, we joy Willy, and James too. It was
found the same abounding cheerfulness ; Te doiro. : -
DS yd / r - - .
and yet all had been ordered out by the Willy's doing. After I had ordered them
Chief—but I tn’t i hi to Bendu, they had gone a little way, and
; ief—bu mustn’t continue on this 4), OVNI we inetiont a
: subject or I shall be eettine into conflict then, at Willy’s instigation, had come
RS . ; hos En lish ewes mro connict after us. I questioned him ; I reproved |
$ ae t sho sngash "ely. and no wich him: but in my heart I loved him, for,
. ¢ $ zr very sever ¢ t 4 e 7
: "idl ve ebout elavere ere 2B an a little though he did not tell me, I knew he had
WW about slavery saa pleas >eiariaiataae followed me out of pure devotion. That |
: . beine Anish a to past where {he road was poy’s loyalty and devotion to me is some-
F finished to where it was half com- : erie ; |
D> A © 2 2 r
= leted. then to where it was beine beeun thing to lift one’s hat to, I can tell you.
P ? . eng Pegun, It is wonderful. We had another stream
; and after that into quagmire, trodden to cross. and this time we “circum-
; - 7 - _ - i _ wented” it, though we still had to give
si i MAL AS tf VAR Relea g another exhibition of how Blondin carried
eee Be ‘\ ae Al | | Besos aman over Niagara. Then we footed it.
>}, Besa) ae. Rea ee. tae Se . 3
een, RE te ih ire es I wish I had time to tell you all about
Bea meet ikg ee ei ; IV Se a long trek through the African bush. I
EL SB RSet amet iE HWW Se will do no more now than give you the
Se mate iit AY ee 8 secret of it. You keep on putting one
: " a SR ay Fay j - at?
| a Ay Wen MERRITT i leg in front of the other, and that’s all
aaa NY ‘y ae there is in it. If you keep on doing it
: bi \\ Wea J Wig Ba you go quite a long way in a long time.
: ; aA perme br |) es —* - o y: 5 7 :
Tat eee UR Of course, while you do it,you can whistle
ony ee oes Yai a = if you like, or recall how you emptied
eee le ee te aati) te your Christmas stocking so many years
tha a Oe ago, or think yourself back into the
HM ae OS a chorus when with the rest you sang, “He
Cy doe ra Diet oth ieee that shall endure to the end.” Or you
i eae oi ite eee can reconstruct the Beethoven’s sonata
at eis Cae : Fe Ps your sister used to play, because it was
| fs ly ge 8 : a: d . Ppiay,
Wi [eae ss) = Me m8 Ager tee AN your favourite. And then, becoming very
a Saad 2 et “ee ee 7 . . .
j epee Cf Stet ~ aA NG n powerfully meditative, you might weave
hig : * ey Vidi ee ho three chapters of a book that will never
} # Bee Se MY Ba ae ee be written. Then, having pressed another
Hi ene as Gig the Gace ci rae button you go out to bat for England at
Hi oA ER ee shtie ¢ Acasa aioe Lord’s, eighth man in, with 320 required
ti Bae, sane. Bars ied Bree yen to save the match and the rubber, and
lilt ; Rete eee 5 you knock 36 in the first over, and keep
| ee Ras : os - . . . .
tha : ee Pee : on doing it until the match is won, and
i eae Seeks : ce fe you are carried shoulder high to Bucking-
1 pate eee | ham Palace—but here we are at Gban-
HU | Pa a < : gema, three and a half miles covered in
4 maa SERA a Tata tor ae al. .
1) a F no time.
Hai ome Future Members of [Photo : :
{ Bo Church, Sierra Leone. Rev. E. Cocker. But it was three o’clock, and all hope
| 56

| 5
At a Shantung Inn ||
of going on to Bendu was gone. Wehad _ picture of misery—no misery, I can assure {
to stop all night, sleeping in deck-chairs. you, for the hills around echoed with our ~ |)
Under the circumstances we were very laughter. Mr. Lamb carried on, putting Vi
thankful for Willy’s loyal disobedience; one leg in front of the other. That’s the
he knew, of course, that we couldn’t get secret, boys and girls. The way of life |
on without him. Mr. and Mrs. Johnson, lies before you. There is God’s plain and 1 3
the agent and his wife, have been work- straight highway of devotion and duty ; || :
ing wonders, and the Gbangema com-_ there is the other way which seems like
pound can now vie with the one at Bendu a short cut,, an easy way, a way with all f
so admirably kept by Mr. and Mrs. Tay- the drudgery ironed out But remember i]
lor. In one corner we actually found an God’s hard way is ‘best. Keep in that I a
enclosure with a notice at the entrance, way ; keep on putting one leg in front of e
“Cocker’s Park.” What do you think the other; remember that God’s best Peay |
of that? We left next morning at 5.30. gifts are for him that overcometh ; re- wi
How you would have laughed to have member that he who endures to the end HL |
seen the old Chief in his dressing-gown, shall be saved? Why not say, shall be ig
rounding up a laggard carrier with his supremely happy? What did that brave
umbrella. We found the waters subsided, wayfaring man St. Paul say? He said:
| so that we ventured to cross a tree-bridge ‘‘None of these things move me, neither |
unaided. Mr. Lamb went first, missed his count I my life dear unto myself, so that Weil
| footing, and sat down in the water. He I might finish my course with joy.” Paul i |
| got up with a water-colour map of the knew, and I hope all you boys and girls |
world neatly painted on his person. And will know, too, that the way to finish iI
he didn’t say, “Well, if this is being a your course with joy is to finish it. | ie
| missionary, I’m going home.” He seemed With very best wishes to you all, ( |
| to think that there was some credit in Yours very sincerely, i] 5
| being’ jolly when he found himself such a Epwarpb. CocKErR. ii ae
oe oe “So &&
, i
Ata Shantung Inn. Rev. H. T. COOK. Ht
E came to the place soon after © yards around which rooms are ranged, lI i
W noon. It was a cold winter’s and our cart had to stay outside in what | i
day ; the snow was thick on the one presumed was the village square. It i} |
ground, and the sun had only just suc- . stood in a row of shops, all with a kind ij
ceeded in breaking through the dull grey of open verandah in front, and doorways
clouds. Wrapped up as we were in wool- into rooms which looked, from without, i }
lined coats, fur caps and thick leather dark and mysterious, but which from iI ie
boots, we were glad to get out of our within were probably just dirty. Hill i
buggy and stamp around a bit; for sit- The innkeeper came out to welcome Ha i
ting in an open cart which travels at an us, for we have passed this way before, |
average rate of two and a half miles an and probably shall do so again. He is a ih
hour is not conducive to warmth. hard-faced man with a rough way of 3
Our stopping place was like most speaking ; his words were as_ intelligible |
Chinese villages in the North, though to a Westerner as those of a London i
this one had no wall, as most have, and dock labourer must be to an Oriental. il ei
its main street was not a straight line, We were shown into an inner room, which i
but. dodged around houses in a pictures- was long and narrow, almost like a pas- }
que and awkward way. The prevailing sage with a dead end. We entered at i
colour was that of mud—that browny one end, and sat down at a table stand- i
yellow that is to be seen everywhere on ing about half way down on the right. i
this great North China plain ; for houses, One of us sat on a chair, the other on the i
village walls, barns, threshing-floors and end of a small bench, and while our boy i {
the soil itself are all of that one hue. | prepared our meal we had time to look i |
Only when Spring comes does this little about us. The table at which we sat was i a
world adorn itself with the beauty of liv- square, and had been hastily brushed for Bh |
ing green. Our inn was more like a us by our host—we could see that by the |
shop than most inns, which have court- streaks in the dust left on it. At the side | })
57 Hi ae
i) ie

At a Shantung Inn.
of the door, tengthwise to the room, was On top of the coffer and on a shelf just
a k’ang, or bed, on which were spread above it were teapots ; nineteen in all we
some blankets; these -were old and counted, all in varying degrees of dirt.
ragged, and were probably inhabited. Hanging on the wall were several lamps
“ | At the farther end of the room, crosswise, of differing sizes, but all apparently out
was another k’ang, on which were rolls of use, and all covered with a liberal
ie of bedding, looking rather cleaner and amount of the prevailing element ; while
> neater. These we took to be the inn- from a_ nail further to our right hung,
F keeper’s own property. Opposite us was by a string, some dainty pieces of meat
‘ a large coffer of wood, with a Chinese —perhaps liver—from which our host cut
lock, and to this our host came frequently, a small portion for a newly arrived cus-
: depositing in it numbers of coppers, care- tomer. Next to the k’ang and at the end
: fully re-locking it after each visit. The of the room was a stove, shaped some-
‘ ceiling consisted of large beams spread thing like a very low copper; and the
= with straw and from it hung short lengths — thick black stain of smoke above the fire-
% of cobwebs, all heavy with dust. On the — place door disclosed the origin of at least
; walls paper pictures were stuck. They part of the dirt in the room.
: were Chinese imitations of the Western Our boy brought in our meal, some
S “Art” of some twenty or thirty years stew which he had brought in a bottle
S ago; naked babies sat in chilly com- and heated up for us. He spread some
ee panionship with rabbits and flowers, or newspaper on the table, and over that
even attended school, and a small girl in’ placed a white cloth. This, with the
i foreign clothes, but with a Chinese face, knives and forks we used, brought a
: seemed to have got fast into a huge little touch of cleanliness and the West |
basket ornamented with such flowers as into this Chinese room. It also brought |
R never grew on this earth: at least, we'll a few spectators into the room. They
hope not. These pictures were only came sidling in the door, and sat on the
\ murky, and their subjects were clearly k’ang there, watching every movement.
discernible. Under them, and larger, They were mostly boys, and their curio-
since the top and bottom of them showed _ sity could be forgiven, for foreigners do
, above and below the others, were other not pass through their village every day.
pictures of some sort; but under their One can forgive much to boys with rosy |
covering of dirt they could not be more cheeks and those dark bright eyes so
minutely described. Under those could often to be seen in China.
= be seen wall scrolls, stretching from the When our meal was finished and our
roof half way down the walls ; their read- boy had also eaten, we prepared to leave ;
ing matter could not be seen, as it was the reckoning was paid, and to our sur-
hidden by the other two layers in the prise the innkeeper thought us generous,
middle, and by a correspondingly thick and said it must be in anticipation of the
HH layer of dirt at the extremities. Other approaching New Year Holidays. Out-
ai layers could not be seen; so one hoped side there was some delay with the cart,
= and trusted that under the scrolls was and we had to wait a few minutes.
i the virginal mud of the walls. On the Observing a large notice up on a wall
hid lower half of the wall were arranged rows across the way, my companion stepped
of visiting cards, for it is the Chinese over to see what it was. He was fol-
custom to exhibit all the cards of their lowed by a crowd of small boys, whom
Ni visitors. They were stuck on the wall, he asked if they could read it. Confused
HI or on to whatever layers of paper hap- for a moment, they were soon unanimous
Hh pened to be on the wall already ; and one in pointing out one of their number as a
ti could amuse oneself by picking out the “Student of Books.” When the notice
card of the most recent visitor, for that was read to them by the foreigners they
td was the cleanest, and so on; it was im- were much impressed, as also were a
(Hit possible, however, to conduct this enquiry number of men who had come to the out-
too far, since the more ancient ones were _ skirts of the little group. We had a few
Wik alike distinguishable only by having so happy moments, and then, all being made
much dirt on them that even the printed ready, we were off in an attempt to reach
pei words were hidden. our destination by nightfall.

fg Sy LE ERS |
’ 2B ER JY se S\
(eS WER Oe iE.) &
HU NESS AI Aa NE es ee Nf. a CO SN
RS - y seal. Paes eae eae pee het Sr ee oe Snr ee ees Se Se
. Mrs. J. B. BROOKS, B.Litt. | | | i
An English Letter from a Yunnan “Certainly I like to return home with | &
Student. mem, but i 4 can continue my Aes _ |
or was written to Mr. Hud- Chengtu, that’s alright ; but i canno Hi
TO spetn'by a youth, a former scholar that’s a very pitty thing, for me and hae i
of our school at Chao Tong, who Hope of our Am a0, so t at 1 cannot u i | iz
while there was encouraged and helped ‘tay_at Chengtu. If the medical Iieht, ail
to take up a medical course at Chengtu continues to open as usual that is alright, Al
University, and thus qualify to serve as but if it is shut then I will take other i :
a doctor to his own people. ‘The spirit COuTSe until the medical course opens. al
and determined devotion revealed are in- 4? @%y Yate, of difficulty I do not care for
decd refreshing, and must be a delight to“ £ that is my goal. finish the medical 1
our Yunnan missionaries. The quaint ‘“7%¢ Mae 7s ‘: Hil
English is interesting. The letter begins: .. As fo aapotk 2 if fhe conor reas i es
“Dear Mr. Hudspeth, tinues to support me mie s alright, bu i |
“T regret having not written to you if not, I will earn personally. ; i
for a long time.” ° I hope that China civil war will soon Hi |
Several of the students had returned e Settled and you shall return quickly.
; home because of the civil war troubles. I also hope that you could Bupport mem Hi x
Of this-Wik- Wisin Shuen: writes: finishing the medical course personally, if i
the Church withdraws its supporting. ae
) Ss : “Hoping you are well. Will you please i
eee ee ~ -..-« .-| remember me to Mrs. Hudspeth, your i]
: fos) : whole family, and Mrs. ‘Pollard, when i
Sy you meet her. na
we re “With best wishes, |
s Soe 3 “Very sincerely yours, i}
—e CC, ‘““Wu Hsin SHUEN.”’ H }
peer 4
i Ady ee Ps . Journeying to the Annual Meeting il
ij Ml at Tientsin. - q )
a eo . : . ; | -
The annual business meetings were at A ;
4 hand. The countryside was upset but ail i
: a duty called. us to Tientsin, so at four |
ENO : ‘ o’clock on a Monday morning early in
March we three women-folk, Miss Tur- |
B ue: ; ner, Mrs. Smith, and myself, climbed on i ee
ii as to the cart in the grey darkness and set | it
ie Ri A ya eee | off. Soon afterwards we drove the lead- !
Gooaees Et re ing’ mule into the barbed wire barricade Al! ie
bees fates é ~~ “= | which protects the village at night, and i }
[ore ea “ ® "=| it was broad daylight before our whole i
ee te te OS | party was ready to proceed. As we could
Re eet of ea} then see where we were going we walked
oe aed Rik! ae gs eh Pies ‘ beside the cart, and thus avoided an un- i }
EMRE ae atis S R SEE] Comfortable jolting, and also kept our- Hi |
A Member of the Bible School, and Nellie— selves warm—a consideration in North I
aco et Brae (Photo Miss M. Fortune, B.A, China in March. !
‘ TH of 59 . i :
Hl |
| oe

Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
By two p.m. rain had begun to fall, so sat on our luggage on the platform and
a halt was called at tlhe nearest inn for waited for the train we had intended to
a hot meal and a rest, in the hope that catch.
the rain would cease by the time we were In due course it came, and was almost '
ready to resume our journey. However, full, so we were lucky to find a place in
| rain continued, and so we had to pro- a luggage van where there were already
x ceed amid a steady downpour, which some twenty civilians and about a dozen
“ soon wet us and our bedding right not too friendly soldiers. We were not
XK through. Darkness fell early, and as the molested, however, but were none the
S carters declared they had lost the way, less glad when we reached Tientsin at
we had to trust to the mules’ instinct at 7.30 the next morning.
‘ to take us to some village, sooner or Doris MiLBuRN.
SY later. By eight p.m. we reached Lien
x Chih Chih, but it might have been mid-
: night so weary were we: Sone “How the Light Came.”
: We do not usually stay at this village, . :
; so we were obliged to follow Chinese Aw African sketch has been written by
os customs, and instead of having a room Rev. A. J. Hopkins, of Meru, entitled
SS next our men folk in the big, airy and How the Light Came,” and is issued by
fe less dirty main compound, as we usually the Home Organization Department at
do, we women folk had to spend the night twopence. It can be had from the |
a in a miserable place in the women’s inner Publishing House.
x compound, where the rain came steadily The sketch can be played by some half-
through the roof all night. Through the dozen or more people, representing a mis-
. blue cotton curtain over the doorway a sionary, a witch-doctor, an African chief, |
crowd of women peeped, so our cook was and any number of natives.
stationed there to hold down the curtain Mr. Hopkins tells us in’ a Foreword
and keep off intruders while we prepared — that the conversations in the sketch repre-
for bed. The window was just a hole sent for the most part actual discussions
: j in the wall, also lined with faces, and he has had with native chiefs and elders.
there the table-boy stood guard. The The presence of the medicine man in the
numerous peep-holes in the walls we had sketch is not accidental, or put there for
to ignore. effect. “The fight for Christianity in
= There was only floor space for one Africa i largely a fight with the Witch-
camp bed, so Miss Turner used that, doctor,” says Mr. Hopkins.
and Mrs. Smith and I slept on a damp, Instructions are given as to how the
brokendown Chinese mud bed in an icy sketch may be effectively presented. This
draught from the window. I pulled my is just the thing to make missionary
; i fur hat down over my ears, turned up my meetings “live,” especially with young
| coat collar, put on my gloves and slept people. We hope the sketch will be
| like a log until daylight, wakening up widely used.
(i still wet through, and as stiff as could be. ry The rain ceased just as we set out
again, and by noon we had walked our- The World’s Best Roadmaker.
HH selves quite dry and so took no harm Wuo was the world’s best Roadmaker ?
from our soaking. It was noon when aug \hat was the best thy
ti we reached the railway station. Our jioqeo J a pathway ever
tik . cpt ? Jesus was the best Roadmaker
train was not due to leave until six p.m., He made a new and livi ,
Hin : 4b wy . . ade < iving way, not from
so after tiffin we spread ourselves out on G14 land to another. but fr Id
I our beds in the compound in the sun- ¢ 1 Dt aT On One wor's
hike shine, and slowly thawed through to our to another, from earth to heaven, from
s yan ywry tha 5 the heart of man to the heart of God.
bones, or so it felt. He not onl d : ’
. . y made the way, He is the
: i Just as we were ‘preparing to’ sit down way. Jesus is the way out and up and
Hl to tea, at four o’clock, a train was sig- home to the heart of God.”
a nalled. We left the tea on the table and F “R i»
hastened to the station. There was not rom “Roadmakers and Roadmenders.
| a spare inch of room on that train, so we By Joun Macseatu, M.A,

| | &
| ]
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eo Go 3 8 © 8 89 © ee an e@ » @ © 0 © ee =o Oe ¥ iy |
2 89s @ © © © » o eo TAB. 2 2 wo ce eo tl el

Be)? mm Ome e 8 & 2 © &© 29 2» 8@ © © w © © 9 e vi |

mf 1 o 3 2 ‘ ‘ . ¢ o Ss @ | | :

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3 an , or ro y of we? “ ? 5 a | ! .

w 8 vo ° 2 ov Q 8 Q zs @ a ” ® 2 Q e o ‘ ns ° 1 | ’

2 oo e ® 8 @ e la o ® » © o 8% 2a y | |
es 8 * &@ @ @ CHOwo ce |
0 3 a a oe a 6 e ye 2 9 ‘ |
fhe USN Set 8 ae eo ees o. € | |
oF AY 2 8 2 a 2 a 0 Sef y 29 ° ) i
: = Y) es g J vam ts Zh (2 ——— }
“The most powerful lever to put under a life or under a i
Church is Christ’s programme of world-redemption.” | %
Che Christ of the ue Bex |
Chinese Road. i
. ° e \

LL readers of Mr. Stanley Jones’s fidence, “Christ is on the Chinese Road, i
book on India—‘‘ The Christ of the never to be dislodged.”
Indian Road ”—have been im- In the first number of the first volume fii)

pressed by the proof he gives of the in- of “The Church Overseas,” a quarterly all
fluence of Christian teaching in regions reyjew of the missionary work of the |
beyond the confines of the Indian Chris-
tian Church. eee —_ |
The question is sure to rise in many | eee a a
minds, Is India alone in this? Such | ee See a : ile
a thing can hardly be thought. fae RI ce ca 4 i
mR : $ Bey Or ” }
Years ago I remember a returned mis- UE Sires cy ; i
sionary telling of a conversation he over- | See Sores pe ae
heard between two Chinese on a river | Ree rete eee ect eae Ni |
steamer. It was night-time. The steamer POM ea ee Piya av ie
was made fast to the river bank. The (Jess eee ec! oe
men were talking about things in general, Teper ence ¥ | i
Suddenly one of them asked the other Fees si= st ae . era os |
what the men of the Jesus doctrine were [fess 55sec al | |
teaching. Neither of the men was Chris- [ysis i Gigs) oro a |
tian, yet the answer showed that the °33Rpee Bee es = ee
answerer, though not a Christian, had a | aie * Ai)
fairly accurate conception of what Chris- | " Ga=eaeeesay ‘ay ' A ; ia
tians stood for. The missionary claimed |, 38)4AVa ny oT ig. 3 )
that it was a result of which Churches [same )ulEeaies 2 eee eas ion Hi
might be proud that there was a wide sagem 8 ee, ad ee eee i i
measure of comprehension of what Chris- ““".* 7) aagugiuugmrss lS = 0 agua |
tianity is in regions outside the mission 33" a@iWRRGugege gee
compounds. IEE Cte ae naar oe as |
Much history has been made since then, [ite == 9 See 6
not all of it pleasing. Yet despite the SETI ES Pe Ht)
pitiable and tragical condition of things, [=SeeS SSS Sse inven |
in China to-day, it may be said with con- Road to Chu Chia, N. China. i
Aprit 1928. 4
mie Oo
Wy |

The Christ of the Chinese Road
3 Church of England, the Rev. P. N. Scott, for a great meeting for prayer for Japan
an S.P.G. missionary in North China, which had just been desolated by earth-
: has some arresting things to say along quake.
these lines. 1 give below some of the Christianity was at that time holding a
: facts he records. position out of all proportion to its
| Paying tribute to a British missionary numerical strength. At any time it
ee | doctor who had died whilst fighting the seemed as if some dominating Christian
: | plague in Manchuria in 1911, the Viceroy personality might attain supreme power.
si of that day said, “He has exemplified the The following facts are given as illus-
= teaching of Christ in dying for the trating “reactions to Christian influence
people.” Speaking of others—mission in non-Christian circles.”
. doctors and medical students—who had A Chinese tract writer, warning his
a joined fearlessly in the same work, a fellow-countrymen against an approach-
x Chinese Commissioner asked the mission ing’ cataclysm, in appealing to the fol-
authorities, “What have you done to your lowers of each religion in turn to repent,
S students? They do not fear death.” places the Christian first amongst the
: Christian salvage action in plague-time _ religious believers he addresses.
s on the Mongolian frontier in 1918, during In a study of the doctrine of love of —
SS peril and destitution following floods in the pre-Christian philosopher Mo Ti, a |
& North China in 1917, and in time of distinguished Chinese publicist, “found
; famine in the five northern provinces in it natural to study Mo Ti by comparing
si 1920, have not been unnoticed by Chinese, his teaching on love with that of Christ.”
Be high and low. It has become a habit with It is significant that Tao Yuan, an
: authorities to call in the missionaries at association of scholars and officials for
ws such times. One Confucian scholar in- the study of religion, has associated |
= stances their deeds as proof that the Christianity with Confucianism, Bud-
Christian religion produces its own type dhism and Taoism as a subject of study.
of self-sacrifice. In Shansi, the scene of much of the
In Chinese politics Christian influence work of Dr. Timothy Richard, Chris-
= has been felt. Christian Chinamen have tianity has been “flattered ” by a real
held high office, including one prime kind of imitation. Buddhist priests are
minister and one envoy to the Peace Con- seeking to evangelize the people on lines
ference at Paris. followed by Christians in the past, and
When Yuan Shi Kai, in 1916, preparing they are blending definitely Christian
: to make himself Emperor instead of Presi- teaching with their own. They call on
dent, sought to secure a clause in the men everywhere to fear God and to find
Constitution requiring that Confucian- heaven in a reformed society. “If nota
ism should be the basis of all moral teach- result of it,” says Mr. Scott, “that is not
ing in the schools, the most active ele- a bad basis for Christian teaching.”
Wi ment in preventing the passage of the In the model prison in Peking where,
im |i clause through the Assembly were the under instructions from the Ministry,
Christians acting through the Religious lectures are planned for the reclaiming of
ti Liberty Movement of that year. A blow prisoners, the lecture hall is hung with
was thus struck for religious equality in portraits of Confucius, Buddha, and of
China. Christianity had appeared as a_ Jesus Christ,
Hi political factor. “To get a fair and unbalanced view of
Conflicting reports have been given religion in China,” says Mr. Scott, “it
Hi from time to time about the state of seems important that such facts should
morals and religion in the army of Mar- be borne in mind.” There is evidence
| shal Feng. But it is a fact that, in its that considerable elements of Christianity
earlier days, this force showed a morale have found a lodgment in the minds of
Hi and a consideration without precedent in non-Christians as well as Christians.
Chinese history. Last winter a group of Despite present discontents, the time
officers in this army still held together in will again come when Christians will be
Hf their barracks as a group of Christians. recognized as people “whose desire for
One of them, in 1923, in Peking, secured better things in the country gives them
| the use of the historic Altar of Heaven a right to help in their recovery.”
Hit G2

| |
6 99 |
The Lepers are Cleansed. FB
AN it really be true that at last a Does any story of missions reach a | |
G cure has been found for leprosy? higher level of Christian sacrifice than | |
This ancient scourge, which has that which tells of work among lepers? |
the distinction of being the oldest known The name of a young Roman Catholic | ;
disease, claims at the present moment, _ priest, Joseph de Veuster, later known to
so it is believed, four millions of victims. the world as Father Damien, stands high |
If at last a cure has been found, what a in the records of those who counted not ail]
dawn of hope has lighted up the world for _ their life dear to them so that they might Ma
them ! save the leper. He was no ascetic, but eS
Sir Leonard Rogers, who has taken a a strong man, a keen cliff-climber and Wilt
leading part in the British Empire Lep- swimmer, rejoicing in life. He went to
rosy Relief Association, recently an- the leper colony on the island of Molokai,
nounced that after many years of patient after nine years of missionary service in || i
investigation it has been found that the Hawaiian islands, the oniy healthy | i
hydnocarpus oil, obtained from the fruit man among these poor outcasts. He
of the hydnocarpus tree—a native of described the place as “a living grave-
South-East Asia—is a cure for leprosy. yard. In their miserable grass huts the f
These trees are being planted in all suit- lepers were living pell-mell, without dis-
able countries, so that ample supplies of — tinction of age or sex, old or new cases, |
the oil will soon be available. all more or less strangers to one another.
It is difficult to obtain reliable figures They passed their time in playing cards, og | :
as to the extent of leprosy, but some dancing, drinking and nameless de-
authorities have estimated the leper popu- bauchery.””. There was no law, no moral
lation of China at one million and that of _ restraint, no one to exercise authority. ail |
India at an equal figure. It is reckoned The presence of the Christlike Father
that there are five hundred thousand in Damien soon changed everything. White- i ,
Africa, and of this number there are at washed cottages took the place of the ill
least one hundred and fifty thousand in wretched grass huts ; fields were culti- }
our own African possessions. And now vated and gardens appeared; two |
at last a cure! churches were built and several schools.
— 5 i
it a ee 2 <2 a
i ‘ : oy \ A aa sA _—_
Pe a (og vy aN se Vat § Be,
oe Ww a ) | Wi r | :
he ee wa} a
y 5 i eee 4 % ct @ = |
i Sig Fe # ag x, £ F }
SCr ee fg Z . c : 3 big c - = ng = i
‘ } es Sa 4 i Th : Bh i
a ¥ | i
oe a. :
Women Lepers of Hangchow Hospital } qi
singing: ‘‘ There is a Happy Land.’’ Photo; Lady Hosie. i Hi
63 a

From the Mission House
Mie "2, gh. things for these poor un-
oy CN we tag Ae | fortunates, and readers
| Creme Sa ‘Ural will recall the beautiful
| oie Ge ie cm We| ©=Story told in the January
: Pea a -_... = tyge| issue of this journal by
: | Se @ Bes fae: Lady Hosie of the leper
oe | ce | | 2a + aOR doctor of Hangchow. The
; | Sai, Sag gis fgos ti a ' “| picture accompanying this
SU ee i y ‘| article was taken as the
: | 7 Dee = 3 re aN #3 leper women were singing
; a oo : = : e aa eG AE .| There is happy land,
: mee i & “4, <= (| Where saints in glory stand,
; ee st. ese Bright, bright as day.
. Rig Siege + Pes iid —- 4 a i o Our own doctors are
: ae eam rf 2 | doing their part valiantly,
: ee 3, CES eg cee ; 5 and several of the great
; Be eo ee ie missionary societies have
B ee ---\« leper hospitals as part of |
S oa, GRE EE eee cs ROM EE oe - their work. The Mission
ek : Some of the first Lepers under to Lepers celebrated its
treatment near Stonegateway. . :
jubilee four years ago,
; But in spite of all it was a leper island, and at the present time it has some
| and the chief occupation was the making eight thousand lepers under its care in
of coffins! India, Ceylon, China, Japan, in the Ar-
= For eleven years he was the one clean’ gentine, Philippines, and the Malay
oe man there, and during that time he States.
brought the comfort of Christ to two In what contrast is all this to the treat-
thousand dying lepers. Then he became ment of lepers in our Lord’s time! It was
one himself, and for four years toiled “up almost a point of honour to add to the
By to his Golgotha,” as he said. In 1889 the burdens of lepers. Even rabbis would
a | news of his death caused a thrill in the boast of throwing stones at them, and
whole civilized world. Father Damien heaping insults upon them. When Jesus
gave his life a ransom for many. touched the leper the door of hope was
: At a much earlier date another Christ- opened for them. ‘
| like man, St. Francis of Assisi, performed And now, thanks to a host of zealous
the same holy tasks for lepers as Father and patient workers, and especially to Sir
Damien had done, even kissing them in Leonard Rogers, millions of poor, dis-
| his great love for them. tressed lepers will learn “the world’s for
i Modern missions have done great the living, and not for the dead.”
= "fe “se “i
i .
| From the Rev. C. STEDEFORD.
Hl Mission House.
A Tribute to At a meeting of the Yun- Chinese splendidly, and rallied the Miao,
tH Mr. Pollard. nan Famine Relief Com- gave them books, put them to school
i mittee, Rev. F. J. Dy- and created a new race of men from such
it mond met the head of the Chinese dept aged fellows. He even nad ae idea
Li Chamber of Commerce, a gentleman © COIS the same amongst the-, Man-tst
i] ized Mr. Dymond 2@°TSS the river. He was a wonderful
Hi named Kao. He recognize yme man, a very wonderful man.” In this
it as the colleague of Mr. Pollard and im- way we see how the memory of Mr. Pol-
| | mediately began to speak of him, and, tard remains vivid and fresh in the minds
i according to Mr. Dymond, this is what of Chinese who were merely outside spec-
i] he said of Mr. Pollard. “It was won- tators of his life and work. His name
ti derful how he came to Chaotong, spoke ig ‘still as ointment poured forth.
| 64

: a |
| es
From the Mission House ie
Ningpo Our Conference sent a _ strength and security the true Kuoming- |
Responds message of sympathy to tang is essential . Wi |
to Conference our Churches in China. ‘““We sincerely hope that our brothers Vail |
Message. That message recognized and sisters of the Mother Church will &
; the exceedingly critical continue to pray without ceasing for our
period through which the whole Chinese Church and for our Nation. :
nation and the Churches in China were “From the Members of the Annual Dis-
passing, and sought to hold up the hands ty j¢¢ Meeting,
of our Chinese Christian workers in their “Ningpo United Methodist Church, i:
struggles for national progress and Chris- “M. C. H. Wane, Secretary.” | |
tian liberty. To that message the Annual . ° , ‘ |
District meeting, held in January at It should be noted that the letter is
Ningpo, has sent the following reply: . petet by the Secretary himself in |
“To the Members of the United Metho- 9 “"81S0- . .
dist Church in England. _ Our friends will appreciate the convic- |
“Some months ago we received the A courage and conta), expressed in | |
letter written by you and wish to thank '0'S Al fox th 2 u ust, will not torget the
| you most sincerely ; we will not forget @PP¢#! tor their prayers.
your kind wishes and thought towards us. Baptisms The spirit of the letter Hil
“It is impossible for our Church in a Ningpo. given above prepares us |
China to escape the pain and distress for the report of the
which afflict every part of the nation Christmas morning’ service at Ningpo,
during this period of revolution, given by Mr. Heywood in the following A
} “ Although the Communist Party have words: ‘Mrs. Heywood and I visited |
caused us considerable affliction yet we Ningpo for a period of three weeks cover- a
still, as before, are faithful in proclaim- ing Christmas and the New Year. The
ing the Gospel of Christ in the hope that Christmas morning’ service at our Settle- |
this Gospel will spread to the whole of — ment Church will long remain a gracious Ay
our nation. — en and happy memory. In the presence of a Hill
“In the midst of this distress we feel crowded congregation, I had the joy of
absolutely convinced that to save the -baptizing twenty-four men, women and
people of China Christianity is essential; children. In Ningpo there was an absence
and that to establish the nation ‘in of anti-Christian propaganda and feeling
A pe A ae rs 3° 7 ~ ie * "4 = AS | :
ee a ae | i
Estee te ae Pe i: eee ee eae ps /
ene Ce a OB oS ea ita ee {eae tam oe fap ae | }
ee > em is AE Ur am. oie) |
Bi Rae ai i ema Ge oe eee vi
mat Vo a Rates ee a ae 2 ey s. —— = eoted So |
ey M nee pape ai ae ae 5 2 iy ~
i al ay en Be 5 : ) « /\ ear eae S. HS.
a eee arise oy a. Fey; M3 ; Core (ay a ; \e a eek i. ye M BoA is Wat 3 ‘ ! 4. i)
oe r eS . et oh é We | Ve tl i ae
ee Pe ak concn RE EN ‘ iy d a a a. i i
a ry par ee 4 2 x KY if)» A res
ee (ta pace oe a / Pe Bee di
: Ca y. iN heh a aad I IT Tf OSES cea s i i
— ee fore ee ae ‘ Rot aes aes ce 5 i Ps ae p Bil)
K hd sr ab “ : : ee, i iain i mS a ee
Strolling Players, Sierra Leone. Hi |
65 Hid |]
i |

Missionary Liberality
which have been in evidence for the last three features of this success in the fol-
R two years.” lowing words :
| “1” He has concentrated on evangeli-
Conditions The persistent efforts to zation, and it has paid in the full sense of

Slowly secure the evacuation of the word. I look with envy (of the right

e Improving. our school buildings in sort) upon his standard of character as

S | Ningpo and Wenchow _ reflected in those he has baptized, and on

~ | have not yet been successful. The build- the list of 150 members on trial who will

‘s ings were occupied by local schools and presently make a church of splendid moral

i organizations at the time of the revolu- tone. Think of 750 children receiving

x tionary upheaval, and they so remain in Christian instruction day by day in the

: spite of all protests on our part, and in schools scattered throughout Meru, and

spite of the repeated declaration of the compare that with the number three years

: authorities that foreign properties should ago!

ie be restored. Anent thereto Mr. Heywood “9 He has actually made a tremendous

: says : “We have still to exercise patience, step towards self-support. By the magic

° and await further political changes before of consistent example some of these

Ss these difficulties are overcome. Chinese church members are actually giving up to

~ officials are either in full sympathy with six shillings a month to the support of

: this seizure of property, or, as I person- the Church, or rather to the extension of
ally regard the situation, they dare not it. That means, in several cases, one

x yet take action against the student class. quarter of their income.

S| Whilst the country is still in chaos, con- “3. He has also succeeded in getting a
ditions are slowing improving in many real sense of responsibility into his

: places.” church members, a thing which we have

never succeeded in doing at the coast,

S Hospital It is a great pleasure to although we have tried. He has a

: Site Granted — report that the promise of — properly constituted leaders’ meeting and |
at Kiagoi. a site for our proposed church council which function in deed as

i hospital at Kiagoi, in well as on paper.

North Meru. has been ratified by the “Tt is with a real sense of very great
Secretary of State. Our application for unworthiness that I am taking over from
15 acres has been approved and building = Mr. Cozens.”

: operations may proceed without further These words reflect credit upon Mr.
delay. We understand that Kiagoi is Hopkins as well as upon Mr. Cozens.
situated in the more thickly populated dis- Mr. Cozens has rendered unstinted ser-
trict of Meru. Much has been done pre- vice and Mr. Hopkins has given un-
paratory to the erection of, the hospital. stinted praise. We rejoice with them in

vi A new road is being built leading to the the success achieved and in the evidence
| hospital site. | Our industrial school in it affords that our mission will yet reap

a Meru has been engaged in preparing the an abundant harvest in Meru.

| woodwork for the buildings and the furni- ss
Hid ture. We hépe it will not be long before .
j Dr. Brassington is fully established in his Missionary Liberality.
medical mission at Kiagoi, and many O : I : - chiuteh
VT long-cherished hopes thereby fulfilled. F course,’ there are many, crurcy.
- that are examples of liberality and self-
HA Well done, It is delightful to read denial. But there are congregations
(i Mr. Cozens! a: eélleasue’s - unstinted where one is reminded at the time of
Hi a 5. ; one’s visit, and when reading the annual
praise of his predecessor. kof the -v b Epi li
Ht Mr. Hopkins transferred to Meru at the Teports. 0 M 4s Mrs . y. an’ Episcopanan
lit beginning of this year and took up the rector. in-Milwaukees 0.”
tit work of Mr. Cozens who removed to the The treasurer shuffles his bills,
i . . And his eye with anxiety fills;
Wi coast stations. In a letter written on People think it is flip
| February 3rd, Mr. Hopkins speaks of To pay God with a tip,
| “the amazing success which Mr. Cozens And spend fortunes on feathers and frills.
_ has achieved at Meru.” He emphasizes Dr. S. M. Zwemer.
| 6s

. i
S Mendiland &
Sithor e ian Rev. a |
ihouettes. A. C. LAMB, B.Sc. ef
“@ F w» men do a _ certain amount he explained the reason for his reluctance.
| of work in y minutes, how Between the mission compound and the |
much should they do in a work- town of Tikonko, there is an old disused | S
ing day?” This reminiscence of early cemetery, where, in the days of inter- | f
days came to me with great force tribal warfare, the warriors of the town
as I watched labourers in the Mission found their last resting place. It. still ia
Compound at Tikonko, gathering sand, bears the name of The War Cemetery. | | |
washing it, and carrying it to the place My companion assured me as we walked ||
of storage, in readiness for our building along, that the warriors were still active, | ee
operations. While I was looking at them, and that in the darkness of the night they
they were getting on with their work in a came out to attack the unsuspecting i
creditable fashion, yet on the whole day’s passer-by. Year by year there is a sacri-
work little was being done. Yet why fice put by it for the spirits to eat— |
could I not catch them idling away their cooked rice and palm oil in an iron pot.
time? That puzzled me. One sees many such at this time of the
year, as the rice harvest is just over. | “
The White Kettle. When I heard the reason of my friend’s a 7
I was setting out from my house to see fears, I asked him why the spirits did not | |
them one day, when, in the distance, a attack me, for J was often near their iit
labourer started singing. It was a rather haunts. He _ replied that I_was_safe— iS
monotonous sort of song, and consisted Cease I was _a_ white _man,and_the
of but a single phrase: “Faji Golei! spirits Were” afraid” of the white man.
Faji Golei!”—"The White Kettle! The Valiant warrior spirits !
White Kettle!” Others took up the :
strain and passed it on to the labourers at Ges A :
the sand-pit, “‘Faji Golei!” In the many eS : gee
cries I had heard from the workers before gos j ¥ SS ae a
I had never distinguished this, but I —.. % aS i, arn | |
became interested as I heard it being ta A an. pee Cec |
passed from one to the.other. Vincent, | Sane . 2 ‘i |
our pastor, went down to see them, and er eee) 6 ok eS
the cry went up then, “ Faji Gutoi! Faji nee W 4 ‘ as» , py |
Gutoi !”’—“ The Short Kettle ! The Short a a a Gee as
Kettle!” That cry, too, was passed on. - eee. 2 f |
I am white, and Vincent is shorter than lo ay sae Bee He ' hs
I am, and I then gathered that here was ey ma oe ae | |
the secret of my inability to discover the - ae eS We ce ie | ie
workers slacking. The song was their -— ha ce Pi oe |
Poro, I was the White Kettle, Vincent, >| - 2 oe Bee poe » i
the Short Kettle, and for once at any rate, ae ee fare
our appearance had been heralded with wee ey age Ss
song’, not of gladness of course, for work ae el A Bsa
seemed to be distasteful to many. Bo oe a ee + - | ;
<< . (ats
4 eed ers % ; }
The Spirits of the Night. . i — | or
I was sitting down for my evening chop sai 3 - i
one night, when a headman of the town A ae : i }
came to chat. He speaks the patois, and 1) os a:
conversation was possible without the aid
of the interpreter. We talked for some : | |
time, and when he rose to go, it was Oe | ih}

: quite dark. The headman rose, yet ey i
seemed reluctant to go, so I offered to so ni
accompany him to the town, two hun- - = —_ | ai
dred yards away. As we walked along Mendi Boys. |Photo: Rev. E. Cocker. i 11

67 ; i Wy
: ie

| Some Mendiland Silhouettes
A Curious Mixture. I was tempted to wonder if Kamgbai had
| Our evening’s service in the chief’s been making experiments in the synthesis
compound was over a few Sundays ago, of the four faiths represented, with his
and our school boys lined up in front of native, inbred animism; and I tried to
| the chief’s house to pay their respects to find some token of what the final result
se Hi him. When the little ceremony was over, of his experiments would be, in the pre-
< the chief invited mé into the house for a ponderance of the Christian emblems over
my it few minutes. Kamgbai, as a youth, the rest.
~~ ae showed a liking for decency which often At the Foot of the Rainbow.
Wit caused strained relations between himself
and his companions. Now he has become One of the most worthy of our agents
| chief he has tried to carry his ideas into stood one evening on the verandah of his
; practice, with somewhat queer results. house. Rain had fallen incessantly |
: His decorations presented as curious a through the day, but with the coming of
mixture as one could wish to see, es- eventide the clouds had parted, and the
oe pecially in a town in the heart of Mendi- setting sun fashioned on the dark clouds
mil land. Over the door was a text in 1 the east a bow of glorious colour. It
“ . are Mohammedans. Then, round the school barrie, where the bush began, and
mii, walls, there was a series of pictures, per- the bush was transformed by the colours
| haps half a dozen of our Lord, one of a which played upon it. Our agent watched
Pa Buddha, and one of Confucius. It was It for a few seconds, and then became
| i a little surprising to find such a mixture seized with desire. Here, he thought, |
| in the house of an illiterate Mendi chief. Was an opportunity to discover of what
St mysterious essence those glowing colours
| [Sear (aoe 1 ree = were fashioned. So down he stepped,
Pee Y = NaN fag. across the compound, by the school,
| iy See ae Ri NS GE, 2 | through the fence, until he reached the
i ae Be eee PSs cm, bush upon which ‘the foot of the rainbow
Haat eons a he had rested. But there he was greatly
Hi | ECT see ap R - disappointed. The bow now was a little
We ee rae a a farther off still, only a little way, just
| nue i SA i beyond the next bush, but he felt certain
bi ee NN E -f that he had not been mistaken at the
tN fo is first. Our agent is a man of determina-
tii Soy N ee Fi Ni of tion, and again he stepped on through the
| 4 EN i Te ie eX, aoe thick bush, until he reached the spot
ae al dip RN use Soe = = | where the bow had rested, but again he
| eee ee | = was disappointed. Again he went for-
| are a ag li ” a eh ward, striving to reach that elusive, mys-
1 ie Cae CU cy = terious bow, but each time he stopped
Gee rae bog ha fv that bow was just beyond his reach,
Hil eat. a Bs on r as : . always resting just beyond the next bush.
NH) oe H e ye eee At last the sun set, and took with it the
tit Pint te ea A uP PE bow to the place where all rainbows are
‘it eee gt nae age ase kept until they are required again on the
iH] he Paseo ee | earth, and the agent turned back, sad at
it (er ee = heart. A few days later he put wistfully
H ; ee oc ea = 2 =] ‘to me the thoughts which had come to
il ines We. es ee him as he pondered over the experience :
I (dese ee i eT tina ts “T don’t think I should ever have
ee ogc. a iditeeaa eae ae reached the foot of that rainbow.”
i ee ne The Eclipse of the Moon.
ti Peres a ih See. “Ae eared ‘“Gbe ngawui ma, nyangoma !
ae Sait a Gbe ngawui ma, ngei wo! ”
i A Little God’s Acre. (Photo: Rev. E. Cocker. | “Leave the moon, eclipse ! |
\ Segwema, Sierra Leone. Leave the moon, let daylight come!” |
i 68
| j

a ee aaa bet = v ob rt etra r 2 O Ld $ . . - i j *
|) a
1 ,
| |
This song echoed across the space would leave the moon alone, and let day- | |
between the town and the mission the light come again in its accustomed way. vi |
other night. It was being sung in Therefore it behoved them to beat on VA
Tikonko by an excited crowd of people. kerosene. tins to drive Nyangoma away.
Women and children were beating drums But Allah heard their prayers, and the :
- . Le ; . trust of the Faithful had not been mis-
—of kerosene tins—while the Faithful : Wily
stood in th hands tovether : placed. Slowly the moon, which had :
. © open, lands together, gazing heen partially engulfed in the monster’s
up to heaven, telling’ their beads in mouth, was disgorged, and soon it was |
earnest prayers. For the whole world shining in glory once again. Daylight Vi
was in danger. Across the sky there had would come again in peace, for Allah had i
come a great celestial monster, Nyan- answered His people’s prayers. My own .
goma, and steadily but surely It was eat- opinion, as I lay down to sleep, was that |
ing away the moon. Would It seize the the monster had actually been frightened
whole moon? Should this happen then away by the noise ; for, believe me, it
the whole world would be plunged into was quite sufficient to drive anything or .
lasting darkness. Therefore it behoved anyone away. I, for one, was glad when =
the followers of the Faithful to stand in thé songs died down and peace reigned ani
the street, uttering their prayers to Him once more. Unfortunately, it was not | -
on high: ‘Allah! Allah! Allah!” There- for long, for a Bundu feast was being . Y
fore it behoved others to sing out their held, and song's and dances were a neces- |
prayers to the monster Eclipse, that it sary accompaniment to that.
‘Tongshan .
° Great Future. H. S. REDFERN, M.Sc. ca
ONGSHAN is one of the most re- two points where this line crosses the | =
markable places in China. Its “brims” of the basin (the other point
position in the midst of one of the ‘being as yet unknown), and is the centre |
largest coal-producing areas in the world of the coal mining industry. On each }
ensures for it a brilliant future. Although — side of the railway following the “rims ”’ }
the full development of the town may of the basin are other mines, five in num- |
for a time be delayed through political ber. One of these, Chow Kuo Chuang, |
conditions, there is no doubt that sooner has the second biggest output of any |
or later it will grow into a mighty city, coal-mine in the world. These lie in the | |
the industrial centre of North China. form of a horseshoe with Tong’shan at the |
Consider for a moment what a unique head. As the mining operations in- |
situation it occupies. To explain it let us crease, the whole ring, and ultimately the oe ;
use a homely illustration. Imagine a whole area within the ring, will doubtless eB
number of enamel wash basins placed one _ be fully worked. |
within the other in an upright position In Tongshan itself there are two shafts, |
and buried under a layer of sand with a one of which reaches a depth of two
walking’ stick laid on the sand across the thousand feet. It passes through thirteen
concentric brims. These basins represent seams, of thicknesses varying from three |
vast seams of coal lying under a deposit feet to forty, and of these there are five / <
of sand one below another and forming which are considered workable. No one mil
an oval (not a circle) roughly ten miles knows how far down the deposits may
wide and thirty miles long. The whole © still extend, but it is certain that under i
deposit is in fact known to geologists as the writer’s feet as he sits at his desk
the “Kaiping basin,” and extends in an there are at least a hundred yards of this |
east-westerly direction between the sea valuable mineral. In the centre of the
and the hills. The walking stick repre- basin, for the reason that it would be 1)
sents the Peking-Mukden Railway, a necessary to descend four thousand feet )
trunk line which runs across the length before reaching the coal, there are at |
of the basin and connects China Proper present no workings, but at the edges of me
with Manchuria, Siberia and ultimately the basin the seams actually reach the |
to Europe. Tongshan lies at one of the surface. Quite close to the town of Tong- i iH)
69 | )
, | {| ;
i -<—

m= = i es Hatar
| e
| Tongshan
| . .
shan there are places where outcrops (of | Railway, already mentioned, the first sec-
| the twelfth seam) occur, and the Chinese tion of which was built for the purpose
have been seen carrying it off in barrows. of carrying Tongshan coal to Taku and
Hin Such unauthorized working of the coal Tientsin on the coast, has established in
is illegal, as the concession for mining all Tongshan a huge railway works, employ-
Ei | the coal of this area has been let to a_ ing five thousand workmen, and capable
< single company, the Kailan Mining Ad- of manufacturing anything connected |
mi ®.. ministration. This is a powerful cor- with a railway train from a bolt to a
: | poration, which was formed in 1912 by locomotive.
| the amalgamation of a Chinese and a Then, again, the district is a most
; | British Company. It is a joint partner- fayourable location for the manufacture
ma ship of Chinese, Belgian and | British of cement. For, in addition to the indis-
; interests. Thus the administrative staff pensable coal, there is found in the neigh-
is British, but the technical staff consists bouring hills abundance of excellent lime-
of Belgian mining engineers. The com- stone and many varieties of clay, to say
pany since its formation has grown very nothing of the sand which is found every-
: rapidly, so that last year, in spite of the where under the surface of the plain.
Re adverse political conditions in the coun- Accordingly, the Chee-Hsin Cement (and \
“et try, it_ employed 30,000 men, had_ the Pottery) Works, a Chinese concern in-
gigantic output of five million tons of coal corporated in 1906, has developed very
| and made a profit of £600,000. rapidly, until now it is the largest works
oi Mining is the principal industry, but of its kind in China. Space fails to tell means the only one in the town, for of the cotton mill and of other industries
from this basic industry have sprung established in the place, but enough has
: others which have now grown to tremen-_ been said to show that, being situated so
a dous dimensions. The Peking-Mukden favourably, and so good a start having
I “
| Wr Q
i ‘; SS iv
- : ae NY : : [
hae pa ? A
| ae ee,
Ml : ee ee Le
qi ae a ge, > z Ps
Hy Reed By ff ey ‘ee Hives d Ay | ea
Wa, — 7 ee a A eee es ome
1 See OS Bw it " H\ i am a _ he ie . Se an 2s 7 hee 4 a 4 es + £ |
Wa eee Alan 4S Loe etd i) ete i
hit eS 5. = aba ee ‘ to ees. ak aes i S oe) Se B
} seiscsntiepgaterie gen OSE CO NE oo ahs Ne Se ais i
| } aes a, eee a gett = 2 ae ae is Sai ee a ep
| Kailan Mining Administration. (Photo: sent by Principal H. S. Redfern.
} The North-West Shaft, fongshan. 96

iy i
7 |
already been made, a brilliant industrial with a population consisting chiefly of |
future awaits Tongshan. peasants, brought up in this rough school oe
As regards the town itself it must be (the Chihli-Shantung Plain), would be- Hi
remembered that twenty years ago, ex- come at once a centre of light and learn- |
cept that even at that time a Chinese mine 12g: | Nevertheless, an important begin-
was in operation, Tongshan was an in- Ming has been made. In the first place, | e
| significant place, in no way different from the Board of Communications has chosen :
the many thousands of such villages scat- the town to be the home of the Tong- Be
tered about on the great Shantung-Chihli shan University, one of its three techni- le
Plain. This plain might be described as cal colleges. This institution, though il
a huge delta formed by the fickle Yellow convulsed with student troubles in 1925, oi
River. Tongshan, in fact, lies just on has weathered the storm, and is now
the north-eastern boundary of this plain, doing really solid work and is struggling
the limestone hills already mentioned, hard to make up for lost time. The pro-
which commence just north of the town, vincial Board of Education also has 2
being the foot-hills of the great Asiatic recently transferred (from Yung-ping-fu) | Ni
ranges which, descending into the sea at its ‘Fourth Middle School.” Although
Shanghaikuan, form the northern frontier at present this school only occupies | :
of China. With the rapid development in rented premises there is every indication | :
this village of the mining and other indus- that it is becoming firmly established. > ra
tries, skilled workmen from Canton (im- The leading Middle school in the town, |
ported in the initial stages) and labourers however, is the Tongshan Methodist Col- :
| from the whole of North China, flocked lege, which entered into its newly-erected
into the place, until it grew to be a town buildings in the spring of 1925, and in
of 60,000 inhabitants. The population of — spite of the disturbed political condition
the whole district, of which it is the head, of the country since that time has con-

j having increased in like manner, the im- tinued to make peaceful and steady pro- ai ee
portance of the town is, however, a good gress. At the present time it has 165 | ae
deal greater than this figure alone would students (nearly all boarders) and eleven |

indicate. teachers (most of them _ university |
The character of this immigrant people trained). This school is conducted by the |
may best be judged from a consideration United Methodist Mission, the only Pro- | |
of the nature of the great Northern plain | testant Mission in the town, which com- }
in which the bulk of them had been © menced work in Tongsshan in 1884. |
reared. This plain, soaked with semi- But the most important work of a
tropical and torrential rains in the sum- social and philanthropic nature is that :
mer, ice-bound a foot deep through a long supported by the Kailan Mining Adminis- 4
and bitter winter, and dried up with tration. As was inevitable, the sudden a
dusty winds in the spring and autumn, growth in a small town of these huge | |
is a fit breeding-place for a race of industries has created many social prob-
rugged and hardy peasants. The small, jems. To its great credit the K.M.A.
agile and more sharp-witted Southerners jas taken the broadest and most gener- g
describe these people rather sneeringly ous view of its responsibilities in regard |
as “water buffaloes.” But slow though {9 such questions, and is conducting
they may be, they are heavy and solid in many forms of welfare work in Tongshan - a
more senses than one, and in.the history and ‘the’ other mining centres. _ First,
of China have repeatedly overcome, by there is a system of excellent Higher
virtue of their greater weight of charac- Primary Schools, having 2,000 children |
ter and physique, their brighter but more in attendance, which as shortly to be
diminutive Southern cousins. (It remains ¢¢owned by the erection at Ma-chih-ko, |
to be seen whether with the help of their eight miles distant, of a Middle: school, |
more extensive borrowings from the which should be the best-equipped insti-
West, ,in the struggle which is now ¢ytion of its kind in North China. Then H
going on, the Southerners may. be able there is an excellent medical service (in | 1}
| to reverse the verdict of history.) the inception of which our mission had a ee |
It could hardly be expected that a share), including a series of hospitals in |
mushroom mining and industrial town, which the poorest person has at his dis- We
71 j }
| | |

5 | “The Missionary Review of the World”
| posal, free of charge, all the benefits of | entrusted to the Roman Catholic Mission,
the most modern medical science and who hold a very strong position in the
| skill. Lastly, there is the Hospice, which town and neighbourhood. |
is under the supervision of a representa- Tongshan is destined in the Providence
tive committee, but is most generously of God to become not only one of the
(and almost exclusively) supported by great industrial cities of the country but
ae I the K.M.A. It is a very large and effi- a centre of widespread moral and _reli-
; cient institution which shelters 250 help- gious influence. The United Methodist
i | less persons—chiefly the blind, crippled, Mission, as the only Protestant Mission
mf infirm and indigent. It includes a very in the place, carries a tremendous respon-
large industrial department as well as a sibility for strengthening and guiding
x newly-organized agricultural one. The this influence. May God make us equal
= actual management of the Hospice is to this great task.
x se Se : “The Missionary Review of the World.”
ie HIS. important Missionary Review The missionary task still lies ahead of us
SS has existed for fifty years. We in China.
| offer it our warmest congratula- In Japan there are villages by the hun-
: tions on its jubilee of splendid service for dred, and half a dozen cities of fifty
the great missionary cause. A Jubilee thousand population each, in which there
RS Luncheon was recently held to celebrate is not one preacher or teacher of the
; the occasion, and warm tributes were Gospel of the Saviour of the world. When
Be paid to those who have made the “Re- in Persia recently, Dr. Speer rode from
view ”’ so striking a success in promoting the Afghan border, six hundred miles
missionary work at home and abroad. from Meshed to Teheran, and in all that
: . long reach he passed city after city in
Areas Unclaimed for Christ. which no one eas iiakings Christ known.
‘ Among the excellent articles in the In the unevangelized heart of South
March issue is one on the ‘‘Areas Un- America, containing 26,500,000 people,
ee claimed for Christ,” by Dr. Robert E. lines could be drawn four thousand miles
Speer, the President of the “Missionary north and south, and two thousand miles
Review” Publishing Company, and east and west, and never touch any
Secretary of the Presbyterian Board of Christian agency, either Protestant or
Foreign Missions, New York. Dr. Roman Catholic.
Speer tells of journeys he has recently These geographical and numerical de-
made in China, Japan, Persia, and South tails are only a small part of the prob-
America. In China he attended many lem. “There are great realms where
i gatherings of Chinese and missionary Christ is inadequately known, or if
|) leaders, and everywhere he was impressed known, is unacknowledged as Lord;
i with the fact that the Christian task realms where the relationships of the |
| still lies ahead, and that the great mass nations and the peoples intertwine. We
iit and volume of it is still unaccomplished. have made more progress. than some of
i] In Shantung he learned that not one us realize. But even so, how much is
WH - twentieth of the villages of this populous there stiii to be done before Jesus
HH province hear the Gospel once a year Christ’s lordship is recognized as fully
Hi from any missionary or Chinese Chris- in these ranges of collective relationships
il tian. In the province of Kwangtung there as we are ready to recognize it in the
Ht are only 36,000 Christians among a_ sphere of the individual life.”
i] " population of 28,500,000. ‘You might Dr. Speer’s article is a trumpet-call to
WY distribute these 36,000 Christians, one the Church in every land to make Christ
i by one, over all the towns and cities and Master and Lord in every realm of life.
i] villages of this province and you would No one can complacently read what he
i barely have one Christian for each city tells us of factory conditions in parts of
and village. Canton would only have China, Japan, India, and _ elsewhere.
one Christian and all other cities only Truly our task is only at the beginning |
one Christian, down to the last village.” of its accomplishment.

Hai |
/) =
{ |
° . | |
Mr. Thomas Gill, J.P. Rev. F. J. LINDLEY. | | |
| HEN the sad news of the death successful concern. He was chairman of ii
of Mr. Thomas Gill, the Home the bench of magistrates at Castleford, | |
Mission Treasurer, was first his native town, chairman of the Castle-
broken to us, it was almost unbelievable. ford Gas Company, and for many years | 5
His natural force seemed unabated; his served on the town council and took a Wl f
strength remained in him, and only a few deep interest in secondary education. ail
minutes before he passed away the doctor As a Governor and trustee of Ashville
assured him of his unspent constitutional College, Harrogate, he took a keen ia
reserves. Alas, to the great grief of his interest in the success of the school, and
many friends who loved him dearly, he was most regular in attendance at the “i
was not, for ‘‘God had translated him.” House Committee meetings. His long
The end came on Saturday evening, term of service in the Castleford Circuit
the 25th of Febru- has been men-
ary. At our ps % tioned in the Con- ik
Headingley PE. nexional magazine Hid
Church, Leeds, i See and the ‘“ United
where he and Mrs. a | Methodist.” As :
Gill have wor- ps : circuit steward he |
shipped for the last Bete oe rendered devoted. ‘
eight years, the es cea. gue | service for a gen- | |
following day was oe, a= ae » eration and was
very difficult. To eee ce oe | organist of Powell fei
every member of ea. a | Street for nearly
the church and aoe ce ee pened the whole of his
congregation the ~~ eo active manhood be- | ee
loss was a personal oe fore removing to
one. The day was ONS Leeds. It has been Hii
spent before the | — ee —*—~—~=<—~S*sSFGSaid that the his- tt]
Lord in quietness, | 2 -, == | Story of the Castle- |
and only toward | 4 =< BW = | ford Circuit is the
evening did (= - { es ee | history of Thomas
strength come with |) =e: Se ee | CGIll.
confidence in the Po Oe Baas ce His office of Con-
great goodness of | 7). 3535s: sealesnamme | Ss nexional Home
‘God. Re eee oe aa _ Mission Treasurer
He will be fF “a i es es brought him into |
missed most at ee Sie Nees ey Res a ae the larger life of lJ | If
home. Mrs. Gill yy. thomas Gill, J.P. the Denomination. ae oe
is loved for her In Conference he }
| own sake and because of her close was a familiar figure; in committee | |
connection with the central council a keen, capable, experienced man of |
of the W.M.A. and her membership business, noted for his thoroughness |
of the Foreign Missionary Commit- and accuracy; on deputation work, and |
tee, her presence at every meeting of the inquiring into the circumstances of intri- | |
Leeds District, and her deep interest in cate problems, his wise counsel and wide i |
every form of Connexional enterprise. experience met many a serious situation, :
Her loss is the greatest. May God com- and into many a struggling’ cause he |
fort and bless her and her son in their put new heart and life. On the very i |
great bereavement. morning: of his death he received a letter |
Mr. Gill was busily engaged inso many written in the course of ordinary mission |
different ways that it is difficult to say business from a church officer thanking |
| where he will be missed most. He was him for the way he had met the commit- |
| diligent in business and had developed his _ tee and the suggestions he had put before | ;
father’s firm of Wm. Gill and Son, pot- the church, which at last was on the way |
tery manufacturers, into a very fine and to better things. That was the report he |

ict ———————— = — SESS ASS MAY Ma Ls babe Rat
fi |
| The Editor’s Notes
1 liked to-hear. Only a few hours before and their circumstances of the moment.
| he died such good news gave him great Many of the readers of this issue of the
joy. Misstonary Ecno, who are now on their
: | It would be a mistake to think that stations abroad, or on furlough in the
| Home Missions crowded out the work of | homeland will know how true this is.
ce | Overseas Missions. Mr. Gill was keenly Alas this great gift of God to the
SS | interested in the work of God abroad. Church is no longer with us in the flesh,
$i | He scarcely referred to his own section but in the last verse of his favourite
, | without adding that he was just as much hymn—words often sung by him—the
: | interested in the work of our missionaries message of his life rings on even now,,
in China and Africa. “he being dead yet speaketh.”
S Most missionaries and many of their ; a
: Pe RF . God calls our loved ones, but we lose not
: wives have been the guests of Mr. and wholly ,
= Mrs. Gill during some part of their fur- What He has given.
% lough.. Their names were often men- They live on earth in thought and deed as
: tioned, their faces were familiar to him, ‘truly
: he knew the exact location of their work As in His heaven.
S ; i ’
| The Editor’s Notes.
& The London Meetings. this was one of the last messages Mr. .
= : . Gill read—is to finish one’s course with
E call special attention to the joy. But it is not easy to see the wisdom
announcement on another page 6f this call in the midst of the years. As
; of the important meetings to be Charles Kingsley said of a great grief
held in Wesley’s Chapel, City Road, on that came to him, “It must be God’s
Monday, April 23rd._ A splendid list of © qoing ; it is so painful and so strange.”
speakers ; chairmen of tried worth and of — But we do not say this in bitterness ; we
H passionate interest in missions at home gay it in humble trustfulness that clearer
a | and overseas ; stirring music ; a place of knowledge will show the rightness of
meeting dear to world-wide Methodism: what seems to us error and mischance.
all this should make the gatherings vastly @ @ @ @
: sneces stat _ One of the joys of these The Power of an Endless Life.
gatherings is to see So many present from “ :
our provincial churches. Why should not It was said of a certain good woman
many more spend the week-end in Lon- that “her sixty-seven years were spent in
don and share in the delight of the putting her life into the life of others.”
: it occasion ? : In a large measure her fine spirit was.
ili @ @ @ ® found in scores of others after she her-
i . self had gone. In the neighbourhood
i The Late Mr. Thomas Gill. where she livedi=a suburb of a city in |
It is hard to realize that we shall not America—instances of her life of service
i hear the voice of Mr. Thomas Gill again were found everywhere. There was a
| in Committee or in Conference. His _ little coloured girl who felt so keenly the
ui sudden call in the midst of abounding race problem, but who lifted up her head
My labour left us for the moment dumb. We and looked at the world a little more
tH could thank God that our friend did not confidently because this good woman
(il know the bitterness of slow-wasting always noticed her and spoke kindly to
li} decline, but that death came unheralded her. There was the widow whom she
i \ to him. Months of lingering sickness, had started in life again when the prob-
Ki “the ague of delay” would have been a_ lem of reconstruction seemed insoluble.
trial to one to whom rest was never easy. There was the church she attended ; the
1 He had a happy ending, as Mr. Lindley women’s meeting where she always
t tells us in his tribute in this issue. To radiated pleasantness; her Sunday
Hh 2 know that your work has been fruitful, School class where she was instrumental
1 and to hear good tidings concerning what in giving a fine moral education to many,
i you have tried to do to help others—and the fruit of which is seen in many loving
i 74

The Editor’s Notes !
homes to-day. There was the children’s obligations the facts imply. There must cE
hospital which she so greatly helped by be knowledge and will; thought and the int
money and service. There were the activity of love. “Knowledge quickens
young lives in danger of drifting apart, love; love brings brings obedience ; | é
but which were knit closer together by obedience and love dedicate the mind and ea
her tactfulness and sympathy. Indeed will to a fuller and deeper knowledge and ee
everywhere one could see this woman’s thought. In that fullness and obedience | |
unselfish spirit and her loving works. She is the end of missionary education.” We Hl
is still alive in the lives of others. cordially commend this stimulating book, i) |

& ® ® @ especially to those in charge of study | 5
on groups. | eH
Citizens of the World. ® @ @ ® |
We are all world citizens now. Our “Die; $9
daily newspaper can only be read in this What the “ Big Steamers” Carry. Hil
sense. It is true that national problems Kipling asks,
engross much of our time and thought, “Oh, where are you going to, all you Big tH) xa
as indeed our personal problems do. But Steamers, : : |) es
we are all conscious that the families of With England’s own coal, up and down the
~ mankind, the white, black, brown and salt seas?”
yellow races, are bound together in a Well, we know they are not only going eo Be
common life, and the all-important prob- to fetch us our bread and our butter, our |
lem is how to knit them all in a single beef, pork and mutton, eggs, apples and et
great community of friends. cheese. They are taking our sons and is
& & & @ daughters to our great. Dominions, to
The Church has a great responsibility Chinaand Rio, Tokio and Peru. Do these ie
in relation to this task; it has the 'ePresent worthily the land of their birth :
supreme responsibility. The Kingdom i? the countries where they settle? With- s
of God knows nothing of the limitations OUt question many of them do. — They =
of race. It allows no walls to be built â„¢ake the name of Britain to be honoured
which would divide races from each other, 2d admired. They are not only “mis- nad
“Am I not a man and a brother? ” was Sionaries of empire” in our overseas ) i
the inscription beneath the figure of a dominions,’ but what is more important, Wi
negro in chains on the seal of the Anti- they are ambassadors of Christ too. |
Slavery Society. The great task of the Some—but not all. How can we reach | }
Church is to make it manifest that it Our own people in other lands, and help |
brings the whole world within the range them to strengthen the hands of the mis- |
of its prayer and its service. sionaries, and not hinder them? This is i
® @ ® @ a question which many earnest minds are ti
In a book just published by the Edin- considering: |
burgh House Press entitled ‘““A Mind for e ® = . |
| the Kingdom,” written by Miss Hilda T. Here are words worth pondering. i
Jacka, and sold at one shilling and six- ‘The religion and character and life of | iz
pence, a convincing plea is made for a_ every British community overseas is a
more definite Christian education for concern of the whole race. They carry &
world service. In a general way educa- the reputation of the race; they may in- | o
tion is given by means of sermons, lec- volve the whole race in some new and
tures and addresses, missionary books awful race antagonism, or they may help H
and magazines. But this needs to be it forward to some new and_ generous
supplemented ; it needs to be more direct comradeship. They may cause another
and practical. The study-group method race to identify us with mere exploitation | ge
has much to commend it, and a great and tyranny and overbearing . harshness, |
deal has been done in recent years by or they may draw it to look on us as | i
study circles to give thoroughness to deliverers from turmoil and injustice and | |
adult Christian education on world prob- all dark horrors. In each place where | i)
lems. We must know the facts; but this’ British people settle it is the duty of the ie
is not enough. We must seek the power whole race to see that the impression they | 1}
God is willing to give us to accept the produce and the influence they exercise is | 1H
75 | i
| yt

| 66 : . ”
| Beginning at Jerusalem
good. We are ‘among many people,’ as Medical Missionary Society shows that it
1 the prophet said of old. Let us see to it is carrying on its great work with un-
: that we are ‘among many people as dew abated vigour. This society trains doctors
1H from the Lord.’” These words from for missionary service, maintains hospitals
iy “Tn the Year of the World Call” should © in Nazareth and Damascus, and carries
: be laid to heart by all in the Church in ona Home Medical Mission in Cowgate,
x the homeland. Edinburgh. All missionary societies owe
: @ @ @ @ much to it, and it is hoped that the
i | . : deficiency reported on the year’s work of
= / The Edinburgh Medical £725 will soon be cleared off The head-
Missionary Society. quarters of the society are at 56 George
s The annual report of the Edinburgh Square, Edinburgh.
se eo se fe
« et Beginning at A Plea for Aggressive
; J 1 5 Missions at Home.
. erusalem. Rev. J. A. THOMPSON.
5 HE present challenge to the United the inspiration and comfort of the glori-
: Methodist Church lies in its Home ous Gospel. And the few folk left to
Mission work ; but, of course, this carry on the burden have become de-
Re statement involves that here is our pressed. They are so immersed in the
eT opportunity. To say this does not mean necessities of the situation that they have
3 any disparagement of the urgent claims scarcely heart for a splendid venture.
of our Foreign field, and is not setting The multitude is not attracted by the
two departments in opposition. Mission spectacle of feebleness, and passes them
: work is one, whether at home or over- by. If we read the signs aright a bolder
seas. It is our joyous privilege lovingly policy is imminent, for along with some
to support that heroic band of men and few schemes for extension there is a
vi women who represent us in Africa and more general desire to emphasize the es-
— China. We cannot conceive of our — sentially missionary character of the work.
Church neglecting them. Our prayers : oe 3s
our gifts, our service are theirs. We are A Revived Missionary Spirit.
= a missionary Church, and glad, to be Many men of fine intention fail because
| such. My plea for closer attention to’. they see too wide an horizon. They
Home Missions is on behalf of these are paralysed by its immensity, and have
honoured brethren and sisters. Weak- no courage for the immediate task. There
ness at the home base is a serious detri- is a task, well within our powers, which
Hid ment to them. The obligations of Chris- if we address ourselves to it earnestly,
a ||) tian discipleship demand our best efforts will renew our life, and solve many of |
iy to. bring the whole world to Jesus, and — the difficulties which have recently proved |
| our friends abroad receive mighty in- so appalling. It is that of reviving the
iy spiration from a really vigorous Church missionary character of our work for the
Hi at home. neighbourhoods our churches serve. Of
| For several years the temper of our course, some will counsel delay. There
Ni land has scarcely been favourable to are those who speak of the approach of
i ageressive Christian work and witness. Methodist Union, and bid us wait. That
il True, the faithful ones have not faltered, event has not arrived yet, and when it
I and courageous venture has had its re- does come we shall desire to contribute
| ward. Conference has never hesitated in to it a strong and vigorous Church. The
Bey declaring the necessity for a forward prospect of Union should be an incentive
policy, but there have been some Jean and not a lullaby. Much more formid-
iH years. We have seen the abandonment able is that judgment which desires to
ih of village causes, and in our great cen- defer action because of present financial
tres of population there are far too many strain. They say that any decided ad-
splendid premises badly attended, though vance is bound to cost money, and times
surrounded by masses of people needing’ are hard. Grant this, and yet, may it not

| ieee
“B : : ” | |
eginning at Jerusalem e
~ truthfully be said, even church members The Heroism of Hard: Toil. |
spend more money than ever on luxury . . . HH
and personal comfort? The Church of There is the question of income, so Wy
Jesus is in danger of losing the joy that distressingly inadequate for the tasks to HH
comes through sacrifice. As a mere be performed. There is a growing con- | 4
matter of history, the Kingdom of Christ viction that the Committee should adopt | >
has progressed most when financial con- * bolder appeal to the sympathies of our
ditions have not been easy people enlisting them in a well-conceived Wad
. forward endeavour. There may be a Waly
Recovering the Spiritual Glow. © difficulty, because there is so little of |
Happily, it is a spiritual, rather than a that glamour of romance, or that fascina- 2
financial impulse which is at the very 0" which belongs to worl: “in. distant | =
heart of micsion work at home. With /2nds and amongst strange peoples. Yet
the recovery of the spiritual glow other a is splendid heroism and hard toil. |
results will follow. It is imperative that For instance, there are circuits too weak, |
we recover the passion of evangelism. It et depressed, or foo eth fo maintan i
is no part of the present purpose to enter 120" TeS¥ “The amink without financial im
into controversy regarding any particular See eee cacti aT ee a f ‘thin “Ai :
type of evangelism. Too frequently un- ee ane Mission C | :
wise words have been spoken by parti- eg Ce ot 2 fed
sans We are content to urge in the mittee has to determine to what extent Wa =
broadest possible way that by its very nelp shoud De elven ee eel ect 7a
nature, as well as by explicit command, Now much heh tae about heel But lh
our Gospel demands that we shall make reat wisdom is Reeds Ta sine “quate | :
disciples. Surely no one will object to grea 1 b ad q 1 |
that. Around us there is a population ters ‘there “may “bea tendency soamare | ©
foe fende.ta become increasingly page Connexional grants a substitute for self- a
and yet the desire to win men is in danger hel, cor this has ey be resisted porte | ee
of being lost, crowded out by a multitude Ok 2 . - cereusts 4 ke Ao ig ki |
of other concerns. We who profess the Pee Deon ge wate Dacre on esto |
Pork jesus do ee aah anne cof «Tis where the Home Mission Committee | i
solicitude for the souls of men. Hosts of unites ‘with the Chapel Committee to en- | &
our young people, members of-our own courage circuits and churches to an |
families, “may row to manhood and cana financial position by ‘onle Die ae |
womanhood without a single approach slant if pee eo te Fi iy
being made for a definite personal experi- 4), id b fi: propre’ bE GE
ence of the Christ life. We seem very Pree Mtesian Bde. better support o | |
much more concerned about their material TI bl frural E d | es
prosperity than about soul experience. A ne'problem of rural England lemands | i
former generation did very much more careful thought. The countryside has - |e
in the way of open-air preaching, and Over and one again’ vindicated, its: right |
) Hat a j
gave very definite invitations to the te eee tee enon BY pe =:
people. There is still a need for this quality..0m ine men and women. : at Aas %
kind of work, and it can be.a great bless- reared,-and: by: its contribution to the
ing when properly taken up. We have . national life. | United Methodism owes |
to a large extent suffered the politician ere ee) and though some | | ae
to become the expert in the open air, and 7° think t ea iture is unremunens,
° ¥ tive it must be maintained. e have
have been content to let our own attempts : . . :
prove a démonstration of feebleness. We ar to ma the vivage problem ‘ina |
criticize certain forms of speech, but older way than we have done. |
surely our urgent duty is to bring the ; ee
word of invitation to the people. A con- We Must Try New Methods. : i
secrated sane evangelism will find the Another source of difficulty is the | Hi
right word of approach. The spiritual altered character of some town areas.’ i
quality of our membership determines our Churches that once prospered are now a
activity. Our business as churches is in- left almost derelict. In some instances Wi)
finitely more than providing social fellow- their witness is still needed, and it is very \
ship or entertainment. much more than mere sentimentgthat | 1}
VI Ne ie
i i
he : ia

| .
Ses 1 | “ Beginning at Jerusalem”

1] keeps them struggling on. We cannot is inevitable loss to our Church. We are
leave a neighbourhood simply because constantly losing membership from re-
the people around are not in the same movals to these neighbourhoods, and, if

social grade as formerly. -We are un- _ the truth were known, large numbers drift
worthy of our high calling if we desert out of all association with any section of
; Vi the slums and confine our message to the Christian Church. For the sake of
a || suburbia. But having said that, it is for every best interest in life we cannot afford
: us to recognize there are spheres where _ this process to continue. In former days
“i the possibility of useful service has some temporary arrangement would have
= passed, and it is wiser to close down. It been made, and the nucleus of a Church
is a subject bristling with difficulties when and Sunday School obtained. We can-
x particular cases are involved, but it ought not build without some fair prospect of
ee to be laid down as a distinct policy that success, and the people nearest often have
for every church closed there should be _ their energies absorbed by their imme-
5 at least one opened. In some instances, diate task. We need a number of com-
RS what is needed is a change of method, mittees throughout the country on some-
: and illustrations can be quoted where what similar lines to the London Exten-
x - decaying causes have revived. The prob- sion Committee, with men of vision who
RS lem can only be solved by consecrated are prepared to give their best for a
; statesmanship, and I would suggest that stronger Church. There is no thought in
: in each District,. or city, there should be _ this of entering upon any chapel building
x careful survey, but with the set determina- competition with any other section of the i
nS tion to advance. It may not be neces- Christian Church. We have our own
sary to put a Central Hall in every down- work to do, but when we enter a neigh-
ea town area. It is essential that we adapt bourhood we must make sure that we
ourselves to suit the needs of a neigh- really do our part, and not simply go
bourhood, and that we put first and fore- there to keep someone else out. For this |
most the progress of Christ’s Kingdom. aim funds will be needed, but when we
have the vision of what we can do then
5 What About New Areas? the money will be there.
The urgent call of our day is in the To-day is the time of our opportunity,
eS. number of new neighbourhoods that ap- and lethargy is perilous for our future.
pear. There has been a tremendous in- The task may be a big one, and the ques-
S crease of new areas during the past nine tion may arise as to whether we are big
years, and the imperative need is for us enough for the task.
to be represented worthily in some of Yes, assuredly. By faith, prayer and
them. The alternative to such extension courage all things are possible.
MONDAY, APRIL 23rd, 1928.
} HOM™= Speakers—Rev. GEORGE H. McNBAL, M.A. (Wesley’s Chapel).
| é MISSIONS, Rev. W. H. FAULKNER (Leeds).
| | 3 o’clock. Rev. T. SUNDERLAND,
f Soloist: Madam MABEL TARRANT, L.R.A.M.
i TEA in Schoolroom at 5 p.m.
| ! OVERSEAS Speakers—The Fresident.of Couference (Rev. R. PYKB).
i MISSIONS, Rev. E. COCKER (Sierra Leone).
i 6.30. Rev. C. STEDEFORD.
| Chairman—Mr. GEORGE KENNING, J.P. (Sheffield).
| : The singing will be led by the Forest Gate Circuit Choir, under the direction of
| Contributions to Chairmen’s Lists should be sent to Rev. WALTER HALL, 51 Moyser Road,
| Streatham, London, S.W.16.
‘ 78

aes wn |
Cea AM a
ihe ee ero) Sey eee Ae eee A
i oC Vi re Ce SS Pore Pi ea es re Sic eae
Gil. OW RYE SAN PEI DS G1 EB oe S Fear |
Sy jue ek : Sag ae Sommer et = os pgoas eR csca re Soe Norte Le ee p |
Mrs. J. B. BROOKS, B. Litt. i
“Women Who Labour in the denced again and again. — It is no small | :
Gospel.” part of the task of our missionaries and |
| tak of our Women’s Missionary Auxiliary to. -
ONFUCIUS said : “The woman fol- develop and train them for. the further- Walt
lows the man. In her youth she 1108 of the Gospel
follows her father and elder * Sper ik
brother ; when married she follows her After serving a few months a lady mis-

‘husband ; when her husband is dead she — sionary wrote to a friend in England: “I Vi :
follows her son.” am wondering what the word ‘ Bible- Vi :

We know that in spite of the distinct woman’ means to you. It is only since Hii]
advance in education among girls, and knowing some in the flesh that I have ore | |||
the larger life now open to women in realized how I used to think of them. 2
China, in many places, perhaps in most ‘They were generally standing up with a Wid
places, Chinese women still lead limited, large Bible in hand, ready to go on a i
secluded lives with little knowledge of or round of visits. They were clean and Waid
contact with the outside world. Yet in neat, patterns of Christian virtue and
no country have women more influence. doing splendid work, without much

Think of the part played by the home- Christian mirth or intelligence, I am :
keeping Chinese woman. When her sons afraid. Now put aside that dull picture
grow up and marry they bring their and think of anyone you know with a few |
brides to the old home. There the grand- children and no servant. Think of your
children are born and brought up. Each jolly old charwoman ; watch her sweep |
little group will likely have its own apart- and see how untidy her hair gets. Think
ment, but all share a common board and of a good, hearty mothers’ meeting : Hie
form one big family. At the head is the these women are like that. hd
Pai Pai or grand
mother. She man- ces _? Bice ; |
ages the household rae foe 2 fe orf} eee :
and gives to each |fR =| eee. Se RC es . |
daughter-in-law her [Ryo ae ) | eee Oe ge

. : i ie +2 F ewe tL Sa 9 i oe f i

various duties. She Soa a we Gee sa. ta y- ee weiss |
superintends thecare Pap. 2. ee ae Fini }
and upbringing of a? in oN id i. ae te Us
each little grand- Sie $ 7 <3 ton , ae: 4 a oe
child that comes to Bane Sawa GET 3)! PR bal aot af tae |
gladden the home. Ay era nay nae fF fe . Ak ge } : &

Is there not here | & “=? SS i ee ee FS rs 72 | }

' ample opportunity ee ; eS Zoe , Foe A a : Lae
for the exercise of Cpe \ a G = = 3 a J 4 es Ft ee
organizing ability |e Per. a ss ne }
ond for the” cultiva- be eae a gt ee ae i *
tion of insight and pet y 4 ee gS Scadl cP call 2
tact? That these |, Vea EN Ee eS ao

: . Se Fe ee os ee ene 7 POP na ;
gifts are now being |% Bae ed & xz 2 aG a So Ee Fd ee
dedicated to the ser- ‘|RSS 0) al "A "hat Sincere ete eo ee | 1

| vice of Christ and | BeReeaRORDAmsaresariretans Accleil one eae eee 3 abo Hi i
the Church is evi- The Women’s School, Nee 1927. [Photo: Miss Fortune, BA |

mr —————— SA SSRN SN howe ect
} |
Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
bi “They may wear different kinds of “ Away in the south of India there is a
| clothes, and talk a different language, but little dark-eyed, bright-faced __ Bible-
they have just the same concern for their woman, whose name must be written in
| children as the women of your mothers’ golden letters in heaven, and whose work
| meeting. They like simple things and for the Master is one to which many an
‘i 1 are interested in their homes and hus- Englishwoman of higher birth and edu-
| || bands. They have most courageous cation might gladly aspire.
‘ | hearts. To them you can go in any “This little Indian sister is a widow with
: emergency and find all you want of sym- — six children. She lives in a small two- .
Â¥S pathy and wisdom, to say nothing of roomed house ; her yearly income is only
mirth. They are all so different from one about £10, and yet her life is a continual
. another. One whom I know is as re- psalm of praise. Her daily work is to
ve freshing as a cool breeze and relates the live and preach the Master she loves.
eS smallest thing in a way which sends you From eight in the morning till five in the
: into hysterics. There is another in whose evening she is on duty visiting from house
ie presence you feel as if you have dropped to house, and everywhere she finds a
3 into heaven. They have no more re- welcome anda listening crowd.”
a | semblance to a flock of sheep than the Such a tribute could be paid to the
Ss girls in your Sunday School class.” quiet work of many native Christian
Here is a picture from a Chinese women in other lands. When we pray
prison yard, where forty women prisoners for our missionaries let us never fail to
eh had gathered round the Bible-woman and remember those who share with them the
‘ group. ‘Mrs. Chang hung up as the J. B
or text for her address a picture of the risen uo
Christ meeting Mary Magdalene in the te
; garden, and then said quietly, ‘Let us |
, 1 rer?
pare a few moments of silent prayer. Some Recent Missionary Books.
nstantly every tousled head was bowed, ; :
: and for a time there was perfect stillness. “The Taming of a King,” by Arthur
I do not know,” continues the writer, E. Southon (Cargate Press, Is.) is a
Beas ‘how many of those women found it ‘ the thrilling West African story, showing
House of God, the gate of Heaven,’ but how a brave young missionary brought a
that is what I felt it, and when she began _ particularly bad native king to book. It
s to speak there was a very wonderful spiri- is a vivid picture of what white men have
tual atmosphere. The scene was the sometimes to endure when coming into
more impressive because it was in no- contact with pure savagery. It also
wise the outcome of the usual procedure reveals the courage and loyalty of native
it or custom, but a great revelation of the Christians in a time of real trial.
iH way in which one Chinese Christian can In “Glass Bangles,” by Mabel Pillage
iN] lead her sisters into the very presence of (Cargate Press ; 1s.) we have a beautiful
{| God. story of a missionary Home for Women
| We are not surprised to read that the in South India. Those who enjoy the
| demand for Bible-women far exceeds the hospitality of this Home come from the
| supply. In emphasizing the need for more _ police-court and street, from hospital and
H of these workers a Wesleyan missionary — village, and from high-caste home and
i| | writes : “Among the agricultural classes outcast hovel.. Here they find what they
it who represent Old China, the work of never dreamed of: love, sympathy, ten-
{i Chinese Bible-women is invaluable. These derness, and wonderful Christlike help.
women often penetrate into places the This beautiful book is an answer to what
li foreigner cannot reach. They can visit some lightly say: “India’s religion is
country villages where the people have, good enough for her.” But a religion
(| never spoken to a Western lady, and which holds no lighted torch to the uni-
where they are afraid of her: and there versal mysteries of pain and death, but
ti) they can find opportunities of telling the utters terrifying warnings of curses and
Gospel story, thus opening the way for witchcraft, cannot be “good enough ”
more sustained evangelistic effort. for anyone.

| |
Ss a i |
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a a 8 DoS 2 a fm 4a Soa Le foy E=*} )
2 - Go.
‘We must never rest until a Cross of Light shall be laid on the bosom of |
Africa, from west to east and from north to south.”—Dr. W. Y. Futterton. <
e di ] Mi e
Some call it Medica issions,
and others call it God. THE EDITOR. &
HERE is a well-known poem
T entitled “Each in his OW? ppppgpgg mm ee ea sear
| tongue,’’ in which the last [Ra : % Sess :
lines of each verse run, ‘‘Some call ” e a
it Evolution, and others call it 5; a 4 a
God,” and ‘‘Some call it Consecra- q i | le ‘3 . jaeaeres /
tion, and. others call it God,” and a y G6 yereso eee |
so on, : PO eee Bo | |
As we think of what medical x as SESE ERS
missions have done an additional Ee eee
verse might be written to that e : seen a), Beemer tens
poem, with the refrain, “Some call [ie ee a | (pia ee
it Medical Missions, but others RRRRRS SIS: JP ee ee | Preres meses ea
call it God.” Doctors are modest [Mam A eee RO Ree oa Ee. apa ;
men ; missionary doctors are par- /*¥ame we: Se oa “ae a
ticularly so. They tell us very little [3s = mee We)
of their work: they are too busy a Se an wae,
healing people to find time to write | "HRBES: #ARRNVe 255 —
of their doings. When it is re- |) 3m iB a ‘. ae ,
membered that a medical mission- [| & : ee g ws Le i
ary treats many thousands in a | | a eee Sao i i =
single year—Dr. Stedeford reported | Wee & Sage sie 1 * Fe aS
last year he treated 37,902 patients | ~ ee co eee ae Be
in the Blyth Hospital, Wenchow | - eee CEES "Ges oD ;
—it can be easily understood ke Me ee ey i a |
has neither time nor energy left to gg : a. . Eee ; :
tell much about his work. But it Me 7 pie ce
goes on every hour of the day and a — Poa i
night, and every day of the year. daoee Sie ES ae
In a striking pamphlet just pub- ar Ce Ee yo dl
lished by the Student Christian | o —— le eh i
| Movement entitled “The Contribu- Arriving at Hospital. Photo by javour of the Edinburgh
tion of Christian Thought to the ; . Medical Missionary Society
Science and Practice of Medicine ” (This woman cared her grandson in be cradle for | i
y wenty miles across e ain oO sdraeion.
May, 1928 Na

i : : SEU z tee ne % x = se s SRE : mB pak, Si = BSNS
Hint |
1} Some call it Medical Missions, and others call it God
Hl! |
| | the author, Dr Harold Balme, points to reconsider it and to understand it, and
a out that the wisest of the ancients altered the attitude of men towards it.”
| in the practice of medicine did not go
ft beyond highly trained observation and a Jesus and the Practice of Medicine.
“ | conception of disease as a Process of Dr. Balme points out that the evangel
. | | Nature. The religious thinking of Greece of Jesus has affected the course of medi-
Ba |} was largely pessimistic in outlock, and cal progress and influenced the science
: i possessed pile eet a 1€ ae ht and practice of'medicine in four directions.
Hi mankind. Even the best religious thoug’ 7. ven > yaluati
aT | of Judea had no higher interpretation to First, Jesus has given a new valuation
ce - _ of human life. From this new sense of
: | offer than that of the fathers eating sour values our hospital system has sprung.
grapes and the children’s teeth being set One of the first Christian hospitals was
: on edge.” But with the coming of Jesus founded by St. Basil at Caesarea in the
the whole conception of sickness and year 369, | Six years later a large hospi-
; ee] has been utterly een tal of 300 beds was opened at Edessa for
; ne nearnation meant iden fealty, plague-stricken patients, and others
RS with common humanity, In all its frailty, quickly followed. “It was the religious
: Mi suffering and physical limitations. orders and fraternities, which were grow-
d ‘ail of ts ad's life an oon every ing up in the Christian Church at that
| : aaa our de aoe rh Shich He time, which founded these institutions,
| the infinite tenderness with which He where, as Mrs. Hamilton King beauti-
ie ‘bare our infirmities’ and entered into fyi, describes it
Ba the sorrows of the afflicted, as in the ex- A small art ik ¢ the house ketved
i oo . : : z or 0. e se rve
; quisite sy mpathy which compelled Him to The brethren's ‘heeds ; but all the larger
stretch out His pure hands to touch the rooms,
i loathsome leper, and which made it im- Lofty and bare, they made their hospital,
possible for Him to deafen His ears to mn whieh by ay s night they mania
° S$ nto e : 7 .
I the appeal of a Syropheenician mother, or Ang’ all of them had diligently learned
Wi to pass, unheeded, the cry of blind Bar- The art of healing, and among them were
Hh) BA timzus.” He shared pain, as Dr. Glover Some surgeons and physicians much expert.
: says. “He sympathized with sulfering Of course, we no longer think of hos-
and His un Gene fe o et and, pital practice as a duty confined to reli-
above all, His choice of pain, taughtmen — Gigus bodies. “But let us never forget
Wi NT: . a — pe separate . aT 2 t 3 that the in-
Wt eee SS ee eee a Pa Le stinct which im-
a — oe Pe ety) to the help of
| } ; feo ae Bch See ba iG so eased ba eis : talk
! - | = PR eae aes ee fee =the sick and
we a ee iL ae | fe) wounded, the
II} eee ae : ' seme) instant response
i yes Fo) fs > % is : |} to the call of
i ; Boe ger eete ian ; i of \f | rhi
oe | Cy ee im ia Py) need which
i eo Pe Se Aa wef drove aviators
} ome I ved i eT ai oi . f { y a a n d s I © , 8s he
i i _ eae at f eee a a See po drivers hun-
iit peers 4. yuo 4 ag iam 4 Sheed So Se eke j pee = Ss :
i Kearse Tn ff S tag fea ths, 2 P| Aa dreds of miles
i Bee ae et ae Hae Lee [3 Sos feces | ~.4 last year, in the
Wit § ee RO ee 4 teeth of a sixty-
| | Her ee A Rs = Sere a mile - per - hour
i ae og IE a pet eee eee See, CO lizzard, to take
: DR ARE Ra SE pe Rete oer ee RN i-toxin to th
1 ee ee | he 5 oft ae ees ee gad aeciia — anti-toxin to the
i eee me Sac oe i oe Se be ey PRY ) diphtheria pa-
a a a at a MASE AO ASE re SN KON tients in far
al cone! bed eae NS? eK: DAS hal ee CIN ae Alaska, the
i me ME pfs Soy sn NORE RPS 1 DN A Le on
Ht } Nani oa B a at 7 Vi ta ae aa » eis hy jab j e is ; ; comp e ] ] 1 n g
. LO, avour oO, € imnburgh ‘
Hospital, Damascus. seen “Medical Missionary Society. 6 force which
\] 82

Some call it Medical Missions, and others call it God | 5
leads a sea-captain to change his course anxious our readers should learn the eon
in order to carry medical aid to some sick nature of this beautiful contribution to | |
man on the heaving ocean—these instincts the literature of medical missions. — Dr.

all find their origin in the new valuation Balme was at one time President of the

of human life and sacrifice which our Red Shantung Christian University, and also |:

Cross flag for ever symbolizes.” Professor of Surgery there. We trust ;
Then Jesus has given a new “motiva- his pamphlet, which may be had for six-

tion” for medical research. The end of | Pence, may have a very large sale, and on

this research is not a mere discovery of that many young men and women of

hitherto unknown facts, but the forging ability will be lead to offer themselves ea

of a new weapon with which to alleviate for the ministry of healing as the result

the sufferings of a stricken humanity. of reading it.

A Medical Missionary Society.

The “Roll of Honour” of the We referred in a note last month to
Medical Profession. the splendid work done by the Edinburgh a
And Jesus inspires men and women to Medical Missionary Society. Their hospi-

undertake hazardous and devoted acts of tals in Nazareth and Damascus still \

service for their fellows, with utter dis- prove that the Spirit of Jesus the Healer

regard of personal danger. “The Roll of is present in that holy land of inefface-

Honour of the medical profession, and of able memory. Could anything be more

its sister-profession of nursing, is arecord fitting than a Christian hospital. in |

, of which we may well feel proud, in- Nazareth, where the boyhood of Jesus a
cluding, as it does, not only the names of was spent? Here is an impression which |
those who have actually given up their a visitor carried away with him after a ;
lives in the»pursuit of science and the ser- visit to the Nazareth hospital : $s

vice of humanity, but also of hundreds “One was a glimpse of the children’s i

more who ‘ have jeoparded their lives unto ward, where one found little Jad, the

death in the high places of the field.’ ” baby boy with the face of a wizened old H
Then Jesus has created and sustained â„¢2@n, whose greeting, when one ap- 2:

the feeling and conviction of trusteeship proached the cot, can only be described |

in the physician and nurse. They hold 45 4 resentful croak, Sarah, the other |
their knowledge, skill, ability and power starved little baby, too tired to take
to serve as a trust for the community. notice of anyone, being slowly brought

This is acknowledged in the fine language back to life. Najmy, the child of eleven,

used by one whom doctors revere as the who after her five operations performs |

Father of British Clinical Medicine, Wonders with her one arm in the way of hs

Thomas Sydenham, who in 1666 wrote : relping ia tite seechen and even purine
“Whoever applies himself to Medicine the hospital’s own baby, the pet of the

should seriously weigh the following caf Rlizabeth Bh the shine eyes and |

considerations : first, that he will one day silky hair—beside whose cot on the front

have to render an account to the Supreme porch every visitor lingered and was \\s

Judge of the lives of sick persons com- awarded one of Elizabeth’s engaging

mitted to his care. Next, whatever skill smiles, Deserted by her mother, her Sy

or knowledge he may, by the divine future uncertain, she was conscious only f

favour, become possessed of, should be of joving arms that held her and hands

devoted above all things to the glory of that ministered to every want.”

God, and the welfare of the human race. The hospital in Damascus, “the city |

Moreover, let him remember that it is of praise . . . the city of my joy,”

not any base or despicable creature of 45 Jeremiah describes it, has fifty beds.

which he has undertaken the care. For Thousands attend its out-patient depart- iH

the only begotten Son of God, by becom- ment, and hundreds are admitted to its i

ing man, recognized the value of the \ards every year,» : {|

human race, and ennobled by His. own What a thrilling book could be written i

dignity the nature He has assuntéd. on “The Christ of the Hospital Ward ’’! i

| We have quoted largely from Dr. Truly, some speak of Medical Missions, ‘|
Balme’s fine pamphlet because we are but most of us would call it God. iy
83 ae

| |
From th
i rom the Rev. C. STEDEFORD.
|| Mission House.
| The Passing Our missionary veteran, none was more faithful or more devoted
im || | of Rey. John — John Hinds, was called to to the cause he served. His name is
a Hinds. his eternal reward on written upon the foundation of our mis-
my March 2ist, at the age of — sion in North China.
; 1 seventy-six. He has left a name which is John Hinds possessed noble qualities of
5 i) worthy of perpetual honour in the United — heart and mind which combined strength
wt Methodist.Church. His missionary ser- with tenderness, solicitude with caution,
: | vice extended over forty-three years, a intensity with prudence, faith with prac-
period during which he saw our mission _ tice. Sham and pretence were entirely
x in North China develop from its earliest foreign to his nature. — His words and
a stages to a work extensive in area and deeds were invested with the charm of
: consolidated in character. Toward this unaffected sincerity. He loved his work,
: development John Hinds made a great and asked for no higher honour than to
RS contribution in the form of patient, con- toil in the Master’s vineyard, and no ser-
SS scientious, zealous and unremitting toil. vant, when called into his Master’s pres-
He made no bid for popularity and rather ence is more likely to have been greeted
shunned the limelight. He was less con- with the words, ‘Well done, thou. good
spicuous than some of his colleagues, but and faithful servant: thou hast been
‘ faithful over a_ few
a Ee a Bi a6 se e Get oe Ss: ae oy pete Ae Bee things, I will make thee
I Eset Me ear alae yite ky | enter thou into the joy
a PPE Se PNP Cote se WNL AG: Lhe ted) of thy Lord.” |
Hh eras “Ai ie Baye ss SEK OR) See Many hearts will be
| (3° re. xe ye J "s pad By SEY. m8 Bab Ure ee ee moved in sympathy to-
1] Ci as NOE Peleg ie ph Ys) werd Mrs. Hinds in
qt i at ee se sae, wens ee AG TY? i eA her solitude and_= sor-
Ht iP alae \ ee poe Bees - a row. A true partner
iH Be x -e) yee iat SS tame. We Pye with her husband, she
S| * 3 Raa NS iZ ‘f ee iy / fe has been through sacri-
Hi Pe Dar

Ht a eee. gr BS Say a gage iy shared with him the
i eS » See i By Piaee. perils of the siege of
i nes.) ce ~ es & wee paid | seme. Tientsin in 1900, and
WA ) $3 ie em ee wee the Woes hes much of her life has
i F (oD as . fa s oes fet ae been spent on lonely
| vie OR A | a ; ey SW eaets mission stations. To
i BN ey (ae 4 eo i [ae ocnite ; the gracious |
li bs \e ff a, W) Lo age iospitality of her home
Ve) = ca s j i 2 Se was one of the happiest
| ie = aN aes o Y ‘ P Se | experiences which could
A Rye eS a : pu mie yf come. to a. missionary
; Re ees iA Se ea, gi. LAS f traveller, and it was
it SO ee a ‘ a a. also to discover the
a eines aN Sohn Geneon meme een, Wane Ha ay | secret of the buoyancy
| a eee SH Gs aes RT nt gen ee! Sar A of spirit and ease of
| \ Delsey eat Ad locates eo col ea oe ap NEPA EO as MG | : : age
| PEN A NUN es ke ee eee yates ETERS [i mind which _ distin-
i pee Bae BN AUR foe ie} $= guished her husband
| See | Be Eee Ne) As ir of the
| PENS eee oN f aie bogie oe See, As the daughter of the
1 Wea Be as ee eS PGES ces eo ee es Cx. Rev. Dr. W. Cooke she
Za Zee Ok 6S Nee Me|, 2 fine tradition, and the
| cece ae ORE i eS G pr at. ‘ieee Og yi en tai|- family line will end with |
i SEN oe Sie nL Os bead ae wake, Naot her record of mission-
i A Mazeras Woman Hoeing (Paoto: ifr. T. Butler, J P. ary devotion.
i | .

| eae
From the Mission House ee
Missionaries When the missionaries longing love which our pens cannot ‘Be
Invited to had to leave their stations adequately express. i
Return. on account of the wave of ‘Because we, the Church, have received | |
anti-foreign feeling which the abundant grace of the Heavenly ee
swept over China, and the public mind Father, the great gifts of the Mother
was intoxicated with wild communistic Church, and the nurturing help of the om
notions, many of the missionaries won- Mission, there has developed a_ great 5
dered whether they would ever again re- burden of responsibility which we feel .
ceive any welcome to their spheres of unable to carry. Our ability is feeble, he
jabour. Some of the Christian leaders and we hope eagerly, as those who hun-
were affected by the rampant spirit and ger and thirst, for the return of our et
were not unwilling to find release from Western friends. We hope they will
any kind of missionary control. There- come back quickly to occupy, respectively,
fore, it is very gratifying to the mission- their previous positions that they may
aries to receive from the Chinese churches show us how we, together with them,
they fostered a hearty invitation to return may make progress in the truth as it is | |
and to resume their sacred charge. in Jesus Christ, that so we all may, hand =
Our Yunnan District has been more ' hand, proclaim nag oe jove, His “
completely cut off from the missionaries S*VINS srace ane the exeeee sed by the
than any other of our Districts. For the CU®. Gospel, ve ord ee en . 1 7 ; Ea
first time in the history of the mission, feeling ore seat wor a entirely d :
the annual District Meeting was held last ©XPTESS me dept Do ees ma ek bine Se
January without a missionary being close our letter by respectfu y wis Ins :
tacent The etranoe exnerieng wan for you all a New Year full of the bless-
present. The strange experience seems .- f pe d cood will.”
to have made a profound impression upon "8 OF Peace anc’ SooC WI” :
the assembled representatives, Chinese, Signed by John Li 2 -
| Miao and Nosu. They keenly felt the and Yang-chen-hsing, . oS:
absence of the missionaries, and they sent on behalf of the United Methodist ee
to our Conference a letter of which the Church District Meeting, Ss
following is the translation as rendered by S.W. China, Jan. 16th, 1928. H
Rev. C. E. Hicks : - ao : | ee
The Response. In spirit the response is |
“We respectfully present this letter for as complete and hearty as }
the united consideration of the Confer- the invitation, and we hope it will soon !
ence of the United Methodist Church and be so in fact. A cable has been received /
our Western friends of the United Metho- from Mr. Dymond to say that men are |
dist Mission. now permitted to travel in Yunnan, if i
“As we gather in our eighteenth Annual they are prepared to do so at their own 2
District Meeting we are influenced by risks. The first of our missionaries to a |
thoughts in which sorrow and joy are cane for Yunnan are Rev. and Mrs.
intermingled, and which we earnestly W. H. Hudspeth and Dr. I S. Dymond, | Bee
desire to speak about with our Western Who are expecting to sail in May. The |
friends. remainder of the staff will be taking their ie
pan . . . departure soon after the Conference. On
‘ The first thought in our minds is one the Yunnan staff Dr. Dymond is taking \§
of joy, as we contemplate the new grace the place of Dr. Austin who, we deeply i:
of our Lord Jesus Christ shown in the fact regret to say, has resigned from mis-
that all we Chinese pastors and repre- cionary service and has taken an appoint- M}
sentatives from the five areas in which jnent ‘under the Colonial Office in Fiji.
we work have been able, in spite of great Consequently Dr. Dymond has been
persecution and hardship, to assemble to- transferred from Wenchow to Yunnan. i
gether in fellowship and worship. He welcomes the change because it takes 44
“The second thought in our minds, him back to the province where he was Ny
however, is one of sorrow because at this born, and where his parents have devoted un
District Meeting all the seats of our their lives to the missionary cause. The |
Western friends are unoccupied. This name has gained a high reputation in Ai
fact provokes in us unutterably deep. Yunnan, and will serve as an excellent 1]
| thought and emotion, and ‘stirs in us a introduction for Dr. Dymond. i
85 i

1 | Rejoicings in North China
1 | Chaotong Until recent months the many utensils, and all the medicines
Premises Chaotong area had been which had directions for use on the
Invaded by free from military strife, bottles. Fortunately, we do not know of
rs Soldiers. but early this year re- the houses being ransacked or of the
: Ht | treating soldiers swept private property of the missionaries
ei | over the district and left the usual being looted. No doubt many details
~< | | depredations in their train. These sol- have yet to be reported.
: 1 diers from the neighbouring province of
os | Szechuan had joined the force which John Li, B.A., Our Chinese pastor, John
‘ attacked the ruling war-lord. They were — Beaten. Li, is the only person we
defeated and driven back, and they seem hear of having been
: to have vented their exasperation upon roughly treated by the soldiers.
vi the hapless towns and villages through The soldiers demanded from him a
: which they passed. In comparison with certain key which he refused to give up.
the military barbarities inflicted upon They dragged him off to a Temple
: other towns in China, we may be very where he was rudely handled and beaten ;
: thankful that our property has not suf- he says he was not seriously injured.
RS fered worse treatment. Our Chaotong One student sneered at him, saying,
= Chapel and the various rooms connected ‘Can your God save you now?” and he
be therewith were occupied by about 126 replied, ‘““You can only hurt my body,
soldiers. Soldiers also took possession you cannot hurt my soul.” They rudely
3 of the hospital. They appear to have ordered him to “skidaddle ’’ (a term ap-
ES behaved with some amount of decency, plied to beggars and such-like), and that
for the Girls’ School was re-opened was exactly what they had to do them-
; according to plan and continued undis- selves a few hours later, on account of
: turbed. The property was treated in the the advance of the victorious force. Mr.
usual soldierly manner, windows were Li says, “they went like dust; before a | |
smashed, frames and doors were used as great wind.” Thus it was thé invaders |
fuel. The soldiers who occupied ‘the fled, and our Chaotong Christians were
ae) hospital broke all the locks of the hospi- able to sing a song of deliverance and
tal rooms, took away all the bedding and — thanksgiving. \
se se Se \
_ oor elas \
i Rejoicings in A Successful Principal \
4° 5 H. S. REDFERN,
| North China. — Year’s Work. MSc,
| qt annual meetings of the North to record advance in every direction.
| China District were held in the Nevertheless the report taken as a whole
. . . \
Tung Ma Lu Church, Tientsin, on gave ground for feelings of profound \
March 9th—12th, under the chairmanship thankfulness to God that the work had
KI of the Rev. F.. B. Turner. Forty Chinese © been maintained so well. As regards the
| and nine foreign delegates were present, two Shantung Circuits, it had been neces-
| representing the five circuits—Tientsin, sary in April, 1926, for the missionaries,
NA vied Laoling, Wuting, Tongshan and Yung- resident at Chu-chia-tsai, to retire to
ping—of which the North China District Tientsin. The men, Revs. D. H. Smith,
i is composed. Also for several days pre and H. T. Cook, and Dr. Haddon, re-
vious to these meetings, and for several turned in the early autumn, but the
il days after, meetings of the Executive ladies, Miss Turner, Mrs, Smith and Miss
ti Committees (comprised of foreign mem- Milburn, were still in Tientsin at the time
1 bers only) and of various mixed commit- of the meetings. Accordingly throughout
tees were held. the year the Girls’ School in Chu-chia-tsai
At these meetings the whole work of had been closed. The total church mem-
| the mission for the previous twelve bership for the District reported was
months was passed under review. As ‘4,494, a decrease of 145 on that of the
1 was to be expected after such a year of previous year.
political disturbance, it was not possible The report showed, however, many
Ii} £6

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ae 3 i / . e 4 Cae mA Breen, ROR Tm AB Ae
(fe) eer ue / |
«% Se attri fr gem ee Eg “OES es Se pret 3 : =, See
—. bar et 1 iste lg Hf arcane, a Pee ee m
: ni ei the ey pa aa i ri - ae A i ae ee °
he. E hae Bs A NE Sia wae | i a °,
aoe Tice - i ae | : e tid < | ; © gi ; ae 5
tinea 23 Bike ot rf tr ar eee) ae 1 7 aa { ok a ee ie gq
+ Po ote toleeig bee Gee) |:
Sc ge EN fa ay IE —— CAN. Sige aie "a ee
ae a et AMM oie " ins a ee ee ae oe 3" ‘
rey ae x - - s es ee 2: rr oe ¥ > Petite tick
> oe ee eae oe ae ee ee Me | Z “|
+ ere Ne ee ee mE
oe a Pak Wee et de a — eae Bie =p hs a cy. iP ;
icc) ad Wes «ee Neon Caen Ok are ee 0 =
[pee ee ree ae) es H Seen : Ne Re eee : RAE ekg
Pe ye ts Set ; 5 ‘ ‘ Ri Wea! ; : te ol ae oh oats; a .
nee oie di is. ee ow >. ‘ 7 ee Po Pak eS tae | meee
— ie cee ee) Rg? e
. A | i ) meee “ ee
me if athe TS ae ee : YG ac, res ‘ oy oS nl Se ane cd i h
# 2 ane de. Fea Gc LO OS t Kaieaangcrs seweneh 7
United Methodist Mission North China District Meeting,
held at Tung Ma Lu Chapel, Tientsin, March 9—I2. (Photo sent by’Principal H. S. Redfern, M.Sc,
Rey. Frank B. Turner, Chairman. ° 4

mT = = =e : . HLS SE SS snel SEEM SO et be
| } .

* | i

| |
1 |

. | | Rejoicings in North China
| |

3 i features of a more encouraging nature. ings of the Church and sympathizing with

: 1.| Amongst these was the successful year’s Mr. Hinds in his recent sickness.

- working of the Laoling Hospital, now Whilst the meeting was taking farewell
% under the direction of Dr. Haddon, whose of the Rev. W. Eddon and Miss Turner,
Ss appointment by the Home Board as a_ who are expecting to return home on
ml permanent member of the mission staff furlough this spring, a most touching
SS || was announced. This news was received incident occurred. The Shantung Chris-
3 with acclamation, The recently appointed tians presented to Miss Turner a Wan
se | Education Committee, which is in charge Min I (Gown of a Myriad People). This
ml of the elementary schools of the District, is a decorative garment sometimes be-
i presented a very detailed and varied re- stowed upon departing magistrates as a
3 | port, which showed that these schools had signal token of popular affection. The
eA made definite advances during the year. rendering of such a gift to Miss Turner
aS There were now forty Primary schools, was a high honour, to which very few
with 1,021 pupils in attendance—an in- foreign women have attained, and a most
< crease of three schools and 181 pupils loving recognition of her twenty-five
: over last year’s figures. The new curri- years of saintly devotion and unselfish
KX culum recently issued by this committee, service.
= corresponding with the Government sys- Another most significant and touching
oe tem and co-ordinated with that in the incident was the announcement by Mrs.

: Middle School in Tongshan, has been Yu of a most generous gift to the Girls’
re widely accepted. Concern was felt,.how- School, attached to the Tientsin City
S ever, that the linking up of the system, Church, of which she is honorary prin-
| as shown by the passing of pupils from cipal. Mrs. Yu is the daughter of the
nS the lower schools to the higher, was late Rev. Chang Chih-shan, who was a
SS very inadequate to the needs of the mis- much revered pastor of the Tientsin
| sion. This problem was the subject of Church. His widow recently jdied, leav-

a long and intensely interesting discus- ing to the daughter the old man’s |

% sion, many reasons being given for this savings. Mrs. Yu, however, decided not

a li state of affairs, and several plans, such to receive this money, but to donate it to

vn as the development of more schools of an the school as an endowment fund in
S intermediate (H.P.) grade, were sug- memory of her father. She communica-
gested, for bridging the gulf. Other ted this decision to the meeting in a

S| problems were the shortage of candidates charming and modest little ra She

il for the ministry, the need of giving better said that she made this gift feeling that

Wit equipment and recognition to. our local it would please her father, who was in

| preachers, and the carrying out of the Heaven, to see his savings being\ used
1 plans of the Home Committee for more for promoting the Christian educatida of

| extensive evangelism. It was encourag- girls, an object which was always very

% | _ ing to see the larger share now taken by near to his heart. The amount of the

|| Chinese delegates in the discussion of legacy was not yet definitely known, but\ .
| these and other questions. Mr. H. SS. she undertook to make it up to $1,000
| Redfern, Principal of the Tongshan (£100) if it proved to be under that
Hae Methodist College, gave a very encourag- amount.
| ing report of the continued growth of the The meetings closed on an optimistic
Md institution during the year. There were note. It was decided that conditions
now 162 students and ten teachers. Half were sufficiently improved to permit cf
ih the teachers were University graduates, the return of the ladies to Shantung,
i and all were earnest Christians. Of a_ though it was considered that it would
i total expenditure for the upkeep of the not be advisable to re-open the Chu-chia
| ; . school during the year of £1,100, the Girls? school until the autumn. The pre-
i sum of £945, or 86 per cent, was locally Vailing sentiment was one of thankfulness
raised. to God for His protection during a par-

— ticularly difficult year, and of confidence
A letter was sent to the Rev. J. and in His guardianship in the unknown
Mrs. Hinds conveying the loving greet- future.

i |
jit &S$



: | |
| 5
Far and Near. |
Rev. John Hinds. look on his face which revealed his in- |
HOSE of us who gathered in St. tense appreciation and admiration of the
7 James’s Church, Forest Hill, on Speaker who, likely enough, was many
the occasion of the funeral of Mr. Years his junior in labours and experi- x
Hinds, felt that in the passing of this ¢nce. But that was John Hinds.
good man a priceless and precious life & & & &
had gone from us. It was a murky day, The tribute which the Rev. Charles
a day of gloom and dreatiness, yet some- Stedeford paid to his memory at the
how there was a radiance in the church funeral was as true as it was beautiful. | ik
as we stood in silent and reverent tribute “In going to China forty-nine years ago,
to the life and service of this noble Mr. Hinds adventured into a realm of |
missionary. unknown difficulties, unknown perils,”
& & & ® said Mr. Stedeford. “Those were the
I tried to recall the occasions when I days when heroic pioneers laid the foun- ik
had heard Mr. Hinds speak, and, dations of that missionary work which
strangely enough, I could only remember attracts universal attention in China to-
one. It was at a meeting in a country day. For forty-four years Mr. Hinds .
chapel with about a score of people continued in active missionary service.
present. There was no attempt at effect, On two occasions it has been my privi- ~ |
yet his speech had a very special quality lege to visit him on his missions stations.
of vividness, a simple charm, which I have travelled long journeys with him Hi
greatly moved the little company of in China, and I can say that for single- ma
hearers. But I had seen him on several - ness of aim, purity of motive, conscien-
occasions on the platform at great gather- tions devotion to duty, unflagging and
ings, but never on his feet except when untiring zeal, courage in the face of dan- ae
| singing. His part was to sit and listen. ger, true and faithful comradeship, John i
And he would listen with an uplifting Hinds is worthy of a place among the i
' i
ee ere es see es Bet : a "ARE.
Soe ees Nc Seis es ta es
} oT : ee eae Ste oo IS Map t 5 ek a j
ibe ee gk ee lea RR a
ie Ro : Bey pate: EE ROA eran ©
t “ne AVERT es, Derma Cini 3 ¢ :
me ae vite. ch pes SR emer a ,
— oe eee” GE, Te rage Baers S.- ‘ |
POs MM Say. eee Peg eG. ee ares on See i |
a — Regi bo ee a ie oS ]
| ae a ee a
Â¥ 5 ie A apart as d. saipnd Aibameee tt ts SOUT LY eC PPE |
me AS - Se S Tue Sa" oe END fg gee FRR os, |
bar @ ae me. 8 eee ee ie ee Se
os ts eee ae ge oe Ba Qik. Pees aa
: eee) een ei oo OR i Se aye aes
. >) “ane lt, le a ee eh A
i a oS ee A =. Ro ay Pee “mma }
es. cade eet: ae tad” . 2 SE 2 + ae oF ge i eee Nee ne
= ee eS fs a a f - ie pest ea cyt Sage aes on Spee]
Be eee e Bag. RRM Rc GL oeeaeagireiteaeee ca guar A cc i
: soe OS eal es mse Ve Bar ee ew mt pe POR coin i
3 a Rees Ce i Re TS GO ae > galls ae RG ee rita riley ame tea f
i °°. Cee ee ee |
Pe eis ae ea Dene ee «re °° epee Se
pop : ee ee or Apes ae tere nee
a a ee Serene Re remo Ta
ao ‘i Fs a! aN i Cat 5 ae a ‘ tne Sai ae a Oa Nee
hea ae Se BE gic. Sanco eae * -_ ciara,
ES aS TG nS Ar sa ere a ee ese
Eee on alpen ow Fe nT gis > ae ae of eae gas ae romeae ay a Bit |
Bae ee coking ck amet ig 8 a ae i
SS eg he pio z Be ae ce TN epee RA he . or tae, - atk ERO SE
| RL Sear ee ge le
Preparing a Feast: Mazeras, E. Africa. (Photo: Mr. T. Butler, J.P.
89 ;
| i

1 |
1 of
| |
| Far and Near
H finest missionaries the Church of Christ into life she had been gradually changing
1] has ever produced.” the words into, “She did the work of
; | & ® © ® one woman well—and set the other nine
An article on Mr. Hinds will appear to working.” ;
: | next month, written by Dr. J. K. Robson, Those who knew Mrs. Cronk best said
si | an intimate friend of many years. that both statements were true of her.
a 1 ® & Q- @ In the tirelessness of her service she
: a ‘ : always seemed to be doing the work of
“A To Fight Opium. . ten people; and,she had a rare gift of
Ss } || Lady Hosie sends me a cutting froma setting others to work.
bi Chinese newspaper, in which the an- @ @ @ @
R nouncement is made that the Chekiang

ee Ma, formerly secretary of the Hangchow I take the following from “The Bible
> Y.M.C.A., as head of the Opium Sup- in the World” for April:
« pression Bureau in Shaohsing. With a “With great gratitude we are able to
: number of secretaries and clerks, Mr. report that the circulation of Scriptures
x Ma had opened an office and planned a in China during 1927 reached a total of
SS great campaign of publicity, suppression 3,640,282. In view of the chaotic state
2 of sales, and cure for opium victims. In of affairs in that country we were pre-
, regard to the latter the facilities afforded pared to hear that there had been a fall |
by the various hospitals will be used. of at least two millions in the number of
P Mr. Ma was one of Principal Redfern’s books circulated. That the decrease
= | | pupils in Ningpo College. We feel there- should only be about half a million
il fore that we have some small share in prompts us to wonder and praise.”
Mr. Ma’s noble work. & & & &
in © © 7 We do not Believe it. |
} A Kingly Letter. Sir Charles Marston a member of the |
It is not often that an Introduction to House of Laity in the Church of Eng-
ih a missionary book is written by a King. land, is engaged in the noble task of
5 But the book reviewed on another page, endeavouring to get some terrible words
‘ Bil “The Christ of the Congo River,” has in the Athanasian Creed struck out from
the following letter at the beginning : the revised Prayer Book. \
| “Tt is with pleasure that I take the op- The words are: eee would
| portunity given me by the Jubilee to express be saved needeth before all things, to hold
ty publicly my admiration of the devoted work fast the Catholic Faith. Whick faith
of Evangelical, Educational, Moral and except a man keep whole and unde filed
j Social Uplift which has been carried on for jyithout doubt he will perish eternally.” \And
i so many years in the Belgian Congo by the at the end of the Creed: “This: is ‘the \
a || Baptist Missionary Society. Ce Catholic Faith, which except belied
Hi “Tt is my sincere wish that this civilizing « c Barth, wich except a mam v¢ eo |
work may develop still further in years to he cannot be saved. ; .
come. Does the missionary believe that God
ty . . “ALBERT.” has consigned the countless millions of
1 This letter is written by the King of India, China, and Africa to eternal
the Belgians. . misery because they have never heard and
1a ” B® @ ® & accepted the “Catholic Faith”? We
ih “ : do not understand the Bible to teach that,
I ae aie the Work of Ten and we earnestly hope that Sir Charles
. Marston: and his friends will succeed in
i A Christian woman who recently passed their laudable effort.
Wh) away, Mrs. Katherine S. Cronk, a worker @ | ® @® @
for missions who was known and loved ; yA
a all over the United States, once said at The International Missionary
Northfield that for years she had been Council at Jerusalem.
ti thinking how wonderful it would be to Delegates from fifty-one countries met
have on her tombstone the words, “She at Jerusalem to consider missionary needs |
did the work of ten women.” But with and problems early last month. On !
the passage of time and greater insight Palm Sunday the delegates made a pil-
\ 90

Tree Worship among the Flowery Miao | |
grimage from Bethany to Jerusalem over unbroken annual gifts he has given to |
the route Christ followed. Appropriate the Lord’s treasury an aggregate of over | :
hymns were sung, and passages from the forty thousand pounds.
Scriptures were read by the Bishop of , ® & & @
Jerusalem. or eee was spent on Movements of Missionaries. S
& @ @ @ At Home: :
. Rev. E. Cocker, from West Africa.
An Unfulfilled Desire which has Rev. G. W. Sheppard, from Shanghai
Furthered the Gospel. (Mr. Sheppard is the Bible Society’s im
In “The Christ of the Congo River,”’ O pied i China).
Dr. Fullerton tells of a volunteer for the n the way Tome: , Su
Congo who, owing to the medical verdict, Rev jane Mrs. W. Eddon, from North
was not permitted to fulfil the desire of Mrs. LL S. Redfern and Miss Turner,
his heart. In his disappointment he from North China.
decided to devote his life to business and Departures : ;
to give all the profits to the sending of Rev. and Mrs. W. H. Hudspeth, to
others. This he has done, starting at . Yunnan.
seventy pounds and rising year by year Dr. F. S. Dymond, to Yunnan. ©
to seven thousand pounds. After thirteen A. E. J. C.
se se =e
‘Tree Worship among Rev. W. H. HUDSPETH, ie
the Flowery Miao. M.A. |
N Yunnan and Kweichow, West China, year the ceremony is observed early in
| | there exists an elaborate tree cult the second month (which corresponds to a
which is of extraordinary interest to our February or March) before any work : }
students of comparative religion. It isa has been done to prepare the ground for
vital rite amongst many of the tribes of | sowing and reaping. The head of each : |
these provinces and it is intimately con- home in the village accompanies the |
nected with the fertility of the land and priest to the holy tree. The priest is a }
with the fecundity of the cattle. Here I layman who assumes the priestly office
will detail the tree cult as observed by only when definite sacrifices are to be |
the Flowery Miao, remarking that the made. Ordinarily he attends to the work
| ceremonies followed amongst other of his farm, and is a lay priest, not a :
aborigines assimilate to this. priest such as one meets with in Budd- es
Each village or hamlet reverences a hism or Taoism. When certain sacrifices }
local tree. Invariably it is an oak (of are to be made, only the priest can make }
the dwarf oak species), the best oak in| them. They cannot be offered by the
the vicinity being selected. The tree is ordinary man. Each district has its own
more efficacious when it stands on a_ lay priest. No special regalia is worn iz
_ hillock at a higher elevation than the nor are there any purificatory ceremonies.
hamlet, and can, as it were, overlook it. The office of priest is handed down from
Such a tree is the village guardian, and one generation to another, the eldest son wi
is an object of deep religious veneration. being’ heir to the priesthood. One priest
To peel the bark from it or to break even can serve several villages. At the time
a twig would be sacrilege. The axe is of sacrifice women are not allowed to visit
never laid upon it nor upon those trees — the tree though children of both sexes are
in the immediate neighbourhood. No permitted to be present. :
wood may be hewn and no branch broken For the sacrifice a large cock and a
in the grove, and generally women are measure of buckwheat are needed. With ay
forbidden to enter it. twigs the priest builds a small altar next
The worship of the tree is of two to the tree. It is some twelve inches long, i }
kinds : one is an individual, private wor- nine inches broad and some nine inches {|
|. ship, the other a communal worship, but — high, measuring from the ground. Kneel-
| the latter is of first importance. Each ing before this altar the priest first i
91 |

mir ae Se |
| Tree Worship among the Flowery’ Miao ,
| } |
i | divines to ascertain whether the tree is other touching the ground) the omen is
| | pleased to accept the sacrifice. To do most satisfactory. If the two halves
i || this a small piece of wood cut from a when they touch the ground lie on. the
HH sumach tree is used. It is four and a ground without separating it is believed
| half inches long and from a half to three- that the sacrifice will give great pleasure.
ml i quarters of an inch in diameter. The Should it happen, however, that the
i i bark is taken off (this is imperative), the two halves each lie on the flat surface or
a ends are pointed, and then the wood is each on the rounded surface, so that they
a | split down the centre lengthways. Kneel- do not, as it were, properly mate, the
iia I ing, the priest takes this split twig, and, omen is inauspicious. In such a case the
Hi holding it under the altar a few inches divining twig is dropped again, and, if
: | | from the ground, offers a prayer and then necessary, again until the two halves fall |
He | drops it. If the two halves separate but in an approved manner. If this necessi-
- lie on the ground in such a manner that tates more than two or three throws the
a the flat surfaces face each other (i.e., the - worshippers feel that for some reason the
His flat surface of one half touching the tree is displeased with the village. When
. i ground and the rounded surface of the it is ascertained that a sacrifice will be |
| Ba acceptable, the priest takes the
ih i ees =cock and with a knife cuts its
i throat, holding it in such a
~ Bek Denia a ae se car ee eet Wty Seah Se eae Be ea : Bie falls on the tree above the
a ce Besa Ri ae =| altar, but not on the altar itself.
Ha P 6 : A few feathers are plucked
Bn ees [Gf Fa coe from the cock’s throat and by
Hi i gee SS means of the blood are stuck
Wy ee Ne on the tree. During this pro-
Wet > a SS e : cedure, and, indeed, through- |
ve ae pak = 4 A Se out the whole ceremony, the
Hat Se , > Se Ee Be Ae devotees stand in front or at
ill Ha fa Ss ms a) vy y * ae the side of the tree. On no
| | a pa ke 7 ea ee account are they allowed to
Ii} eae ims, eee eae gee 3 stand behind. A little distance
i — aes. a ees from the tree and to the side of
Wee , e< ie F (RE a = eit a hole is dug, _ water is |
ae ee a Ct |:SCérought, a fire is kindled and |
i} ——— | A , BS) gee ee ‘— en here the cock is plucked and
Wa a pie , kee g 3 geome boiled. At the same time a
We ae! “alle. “ee oa Se €o% —*| small quantity of buckwheat is |
Waal ah 7 aie & i — ia ae ~ = |' steamed. As soon as the cock |
! 1 - ae go %.. a | y a | and buckwheat are cooked,
a Fe < oe i —. *
lf * agg ie ee a ae ee leg, part of a wing and a piece
Hs eae 1 EP cee from the breast, are laid side
Wedd SS es os Boe : ast, e °
Wea ee * SS Se by side on the altar together |
\ | Pie : é eras e with four small portions of the
Wi or re Re My steamed buckwheat, the priest |
Wet ey BEE uttering these words “Oh
I } (2 Sc fn : eee are 5 . ) |
Ha Se eee ER Si tree, Oh hill, we beseech. you
| i ce «Sigs SS ae ieee = | to watch over our village.
Hh aa Se a hs =| Guard us from the tiger, the
Wk a — . wae A gees pace et! §6wolf, the leopard, from thieves,
| ra : see Se & WF) from destructive rains, from
lH ; me is, a - at hailstorms, from illnesses. ”’ |
ae Pa bee ee Later a rite is observed for |
| ee oe Ge A aay each family of the village. In
Be AL ee —_——_ every case, as the name of the
| } A Miao_Veteran. [Photo: Rev. W. H. Hudspeth, M A, family is called, the divining |
4 92
| : |
ii i

Tree Worship among the Flowery Miao |
twig is employed to ascertain whether the is precisely the same as that in the
tree is pleased to accept the sacrifice, the worship of the tree. Amongst stones, ;
twig being used in the manner described one shaped like a human being is
above. If the two halves fall in a satis- most highly prized, even though the
factory manner it is felt that the tree is likeness be extremely crude. Such a |
pleased with the family whose name is stone should stand alone and should be
being called. If it is necessary to drop upright, though one stone which I have :
the twig several times before the two visited stood only three feet high. It was
halves lie on the ground in the approved — shapeless, but it was the biggest and
manner it is felt that the tree and hill ere — most distinctive on the hillock behind the
: not pleased with the family in question. village, and this explained why it had
The divining twig having fallen in the been chosen for worship. The selecting hh
approved manner, a little gravy, a little of the holy tree or stone is made by the
meat and some buckwheat are placed in village elders, and when once a stone or
st wooden spoon (the Miao use spoons for tree has been worshipped it is sacred to ,
eating : they do not use chopsticks or all succeeding generations. If at any ik
knives and forks), and this the
priest pours over the twig say- ; |
ing, ‘Oh tree, Oh hill, we be- ; a
seech you to protect all the : gt a
members of the family of this se aa? oa
man, his cattle, his harvests.’’ % <~. Vaez 3 oe sige pce
A libation of wine is then poured . eae ier, Wi
over the whole, this completing A id ae oe | Ps i
the ceremony for the family H 2 3 4 ae
which has been named. After- % saat A E a
wards the twig is taken up, a is Pd co
second name is called out and fee es F :
the same procedure adopted. Zz’ : 2 * £ ee
This ceremony is performed for a oe > ag
each family in the village, every 8 ¥ a Se fee of
detail being carefully observed. eS pir oe ghey i
The sacrifices being completed a Bre 4 Je apo hee jae
the men partake of a communal @ Be Nene ee Ree re ee ie
meal of maize and chicken. The [o> ee RS. eee ame a
meat and the buckwheat, which |"% Gi mao Lg Se eS Be”
have been laid upon the altar, |) og (pee? ee io
are solemnly eaten by the priest. | a : ia — Peas
The annual sacrifice is now |RSeee , ie gs
over and each man returns to ee? wy : _ :
his home feeling that the year’s |Raaes BL : i
crops will perforce be satisfac- |fReeaes= : ;
tory, that there will be no illness |assey So |
amongst cattle or people and +9" ;
that all will be well. The divin- |, 333 é ‘
ing twig is left lying under the i |
altar which is not taken down e }
and which is most sacrosanct. oe . | ae
It is not touched until the fol- ety ’ ee Oe i
lowing year when a new divining bt PE, _ ers
twig is sought and a new altar |i Seema Roe”
built. : 4 a ae /
If a suitable tree is not found |F* hs al
near the village a stone is |iâ„¢ - ES [rr
selected to be the village guar- |i. y oa |
dian. Usually a stone is pre- Bae _ a a | |
ferable to a tree. In sacrifices — _ !
to the stone the order of ritual A Miao Mother. (Photo: Rov. We Hy Hudsbeth, M.A, |
93 | |

| | OO ne '
| 1 Our Missionary Library |
i| i time anything should happen to the tree oak is sturdy and long enduring. The
i i and it should wither and die, a new tree stone is worshipped because it lasts for
i {| it sought. The withering of the tree, if ever, Water comes and goes, but not
WAR 4 from natural causes, does not adversely <6 a stone; it is always standing. Men
| | affect the welfare of the village. Some- are as water: the stone is strong and
mel il times small chips of sumach wood, to- . org hee +
a ee an : : stable. Hills and trees stand higher than
Bil gether with chips of a species of wild " d an protect hi
am |} holly, are placed under the altar, the idea man and so can protect him.
my tl being that the sumach tree chips, which During the year should any member
Wied Ld are white, are to represent silver being of the village be ill, man, woman or |
: ti offered, while the holly chips are to repre- child, the stone or tree is visited, a cock |
i sent gold. From such chips every par- sacrificed and help invoked. In these cir-
em || ticle of bark is stripped. cumstances the ritual is simple and the
a The sacrifice commences in the early Services of a priest are not required.
it morning. It-is a long ritual and takes There is a quaint superstition about
| up most of the day. There is no rever- natural stone archways. If a man has
€ | ence as we understand reverence, though been ill for a long while, on his birthday \
eer each detail is rigorously observed. Wine he invites his friends to a small feast and
mt || is freely drunk, and before the close of going to his archway he creeps through.
; iH the ceremonies some of the devotees be- As he emerges from the other side his
Wl come inebriated. friends call out “Ah, you are born again,”
me An old priest informed me that the and it is believed that in this way the
Hi 1 reason for tree worship is because’ the illness will be cured.
mh —< : : se
; i
ee "a Our Missionary Library.
i * , . “A Bit of Old China. The Romance of |
ie 1) Golden Hill.’ By F. H. Easton. (Hul-
Hae ae bert Publishing Co., Ltd., 7 Paternos-
Wn ter Row. 2s. 6d.)
iW : No one can read this book without being
Ih | the better for it. Mr. Easton has laboured
i : $y in China under the direction of the China
I w| Inland Mission, as his parents have before
i; aes Ge es ee ee * | him, and here he tells some of his mission-
Wa Benen ae to eas oe Se ee ary experiences. How the work started in
| Co gellill Golden Hill, in the Province of Shensi, is
Ha ee ee I S| a remarkable story. A little company of
He a] Beet | : ©4| evangelists went to a fair to preach and to |
i | : \ 26 seil Christian books. Their mission seemed
Ha | Ca failure; they only sold one book, and
ti | sees Oe a ak that was on their way home, as they. rested
ae a Sgnezs + e5))| in a Chinese inn. But that chance sale,
i] (er sews tiert ie Se ee after a “fruitless? evangelistic tour, proved
a isa ge eke ee ee met a ==) a wonderful happening. A fine work has
| i S e | SXbeen done at Golden Hill, an out-station
da ST eee cde =) | in Hanchung; not without trials and diffi-
Ha ee | culties, but proving how mighty the Gospel
it i eee an 3 te Ze get aaa ate See Sees is. in that great land. The story is told |
i oe ie oes a aes ay with a rare charm, and the author, now at
i i (sR gee ye on Reed? work in London, having been invalided |
| a ee 4s ee : os cae i f ai ae es home, has done a good service to the mis- |
| | {| * cause by writing this story
i ERA ee ee ee , ~~
Fa! Jesus is waiting on the shore of every |
| A Sacred Tree in Miaoland. foreign land to welcome His friends as
[Photo: Rev. W.H. Hudspeth, uA, . they come to join Him in His work.
1 a
{ih j |
7 |

The Students’
re . Mr. |
Missionary Demonstration. R. J. HALL. |
ICTORIA Park College closed its people at Stone Gateway. Five men
year of quiet but persistent mis- were willing to die with their teacher— :
sionary activities with a highly men of this character were worth :
successful demonstration held at the while, and testified that work out in
Central Openshaw Church, Manchester, West China was not a failure. j
on Wednesday, March 28th. There was another side of the picture. |
The afternoon meeting was presided His enthusiasm was intensified, but there “sh
over by Mr. E. Armitage, J.P., of Hove was a burden on his heart. There was
Idge. After prayer by Rev. G. M. the tragedy of those who do not realize
Beard, the chairman said that every force, the magnitude of the task. Circuits are
intellectual and moral, must be harnessed wide, one under his charge is as large as
to make modern England aware of the Wales, with fifty churches and 14,000 :
importance of missions. He rejoiced in members. There is a leper hospital to
that gathering as an evidence that an maintain and an orphanage to build.
important part of the student section of Some of the Miao are drifting back :
Methodism was keen for missions. He through inability to shepherd them
was hopeful of Methodism’s young people properly. Unless we are careful we
taking a. great share in this fine might lose them. He had sufficient faith
enterprise. to believe that this challenge would evoke ,
Rev. F. W. Cottrell, of Yunnan, spoke response. Home from the outpost, he ’ 2
on “The Challenge of China.” He said appealed for more men and supplies to
that it was only five years ago since he — fight and win the battle.
sat as a student in the demonstration. Miss W. M. Hancock sang very beau- :
This did not seem long enough to put on — tifully two solos, “Jerusalem,” and “O e
the extra “bit ” which experience is sup- for the wings of a dove! ”
posed to give. He wished to take us in Tea was kindly given and served by
imagination to the hills of West China, the ladies of the church. During the in- !
to the people of the Miao, whose name _ terlude, before the evening meeting, |
cannot be disassociated from the name — several students entertained a large com- }
of Pollard. He told how that great pany in the schoolroom.
missionary went to work amongst them. Alderman J. Rothwell, J.P., the ex-
how: he proclaimed the God who was the mayor of Salford, presided at the even-
friend of the despised, outcast and down- ing meeting. Rev. G. G. Hornby, M.A., }
trodden Miao. Now Pollard rests in the B.D., offered prayer. h
land of the people he loved. The chairman congratulated the stu- }
As missionaries go about in England, © dents on their enthusiasm and concentra- eS
| they are often questioned as to what sort tion of effort for the greatest interna-
of success is achieved, what sort of reli- tional movement in the world. When the
gious experience the converts have, or Master sent out the disciples He alone
whether they are out for what they can knew what the full effects would be. The
get when they join the mission. Heap-_ ideal is still a long way off. Sometimes
pealed to the facts of West China, and it seemed a hopeless task. During his as
told of a Miao preacher, Peter, who after visits to Ningpo it seemed impossible for
braving terrors to take the gospel to a four missionaries to do much in a city
wild tribe, lost his only boy. After a of a million population, but it was not
conflict of soul, he won through and kept quite so impossible as it seemed. There
| His faith, and this after fifteen years of were noble-hearted men and women in
Christianity, not centuries of it. Another China carrying on the work and preach-
| instance was that of a young man: in ing the Gospel. This period of trial will —
charge of a small church, who when the mean a greater spreading of truth than 1
bandits came, gave his life for his faith. ever before. | i
Mr. Cottrell gave us a thrilling account He met many missionaries in China, 1
| of his own capture by bandits and of his and the impression left on him was a
release, which he feels convinced was great pride in his countrymen. It was IM
secured by the prayers of his faithful an amazing thing that men should leave \t
: 95 ;

| |
| Students’ Missionary Demonstration
| ||
| a ; |
i] home to be the odd man in ten thousand. _ by the “party that goes ahead,” had come
1} Mr. Conibear had told him that it would into conflict with the North, “the party
Hl | be impossible without the urge within. that keeps on the old ways.” Civil war |
Ay Pp . . : . . . °
i The present commotion in China seemed and brigandage were incidents in the new
HA like the ferment on top of things. Deep birth of China. They would be forgotten
| down the Chinese wanted better things, in fifty years’ time, but the new move- |
a | and if we gave their children the educa- ment was going to shape the future not
s || tion of a Christian home then we shall only of the East, but of the whole world.
: i see a transformation from within. During the past thirty years Chinese
Na Miss W. M. Hancock sang the solo, students have been going all over the
We “From Mighty Kings,” and the choir world studying civilization. They have
bind D5 y on. y D> . . °
hi rendered an anthem. Rev. W. H. Hud- returned with.a determination to make }
: speth, M.A., spoke an ‘The New Tide their country equal to any in the world.
a in China.” He appeared in a Chinese They were working in several ways,
| scholar’s dress in order that the audience chiefly through the press, which was
i ~ . . ~ . .
Hid could see China as he saw it. He ex- undergoing rapid development. They
a pressed great joy in addressing students, were tackling the immense problem of
vi) as he did not have many opportunities of | education and language by seeking a new \
i 7 speaking: to bodies of men. There was phonetic script. As missionaries the
me dt much misunderstanding in England as to position was whether this new tide could
meh what was happening in China. By be captured for Christ. Had the Church
We reference to a map he pointed out the in [England the grit to capture it?
me ey four towns playing a great part in cur- The last eighteen months have been
HBS aT . ° . . .
Wa rent events: Peking, Shanghai, Hong- most severe, but Christians were remain-
a Kong, and Canton. What was hap- ing‘ loyal to Jesus Christ, thus proving
Hy pening was that the South, represented themselves worthy of all the work that
Hy }
read Rass: eS ; Sp hppOARE teR Eas ST ELLE RSE LE BUR GRE
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Regd ; e ete eo eee od ae eee P piel eps S50 eos
Wit ! aig cs 2 Dio ash cee es § | ain ea eae Pete orth igen
ana i DRS SBE oe oS eee 5 nee Be ae Bs
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a oe Ms schist aces Nr, a BESS rere ame ki Cae pk
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| oa ak eae eS oe
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Wa ee ee es es ea es gilt
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Ha Eo ep ta es Sco See ree [7 er, wee ef iF Se ge
Md Ee aeaget \iiehaes aae Ps 5 5 eae 2. oe Faas i
as OO RR © AS Se oe eae Es TR Baan flsl bay Sete p< sage a Behe See
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Wa Eee ne er ee ee
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PsA aie Pata Fae Ge eeu eaten A Can a5 Se eee ET Snape SS eee CES
i i FESS Ee Serpe ee ee len oes neree > ete es aes gee GRO 4
i I | Manchester College Professors and Students, 1927-28, : |
| | Back Row—(Left to right) H. W. Carlisle, F. R. Stopacd, J. Law, T. L. Smith, A. W. Abbotts, G. G. Gresswell,
Asie a E. A. Baker, W. H. Paddon, T. H. Johnston, A. Stott, J. L. Nix. |
| i Wig 3rd Row—S. C. Challener, B. C. Solomon. W. R. Aylo‘t, G. Wallace, H. W. Smith, J. Mayne. G. Stephens,
} C. E. Job, D. W. Lawson, F. Sidaway, F. Heslop, D. Robson, P. Thurman, F. Johnson,
2nd Row—W. T. Harvey, W. Horswill, H. Edwards, R. S. Reed, S. W. Jones, J. W. Jordan, Mrs. Brewis,
Fala The Matron, G. Vernon, A. T. Marchant, S. H. Spode, G. C. Marshall, S. Wilding, G. Bassett,
| ; 1st Row—L. G. James, A. E. Beeden, R. Hindle, Mr. W. Clunne Lees, Prof. of Eloc., Rev. W. L Wardle,
M.A., D.D., Prof. A. S. Peake. M.A.. D.D., Rev. G. G_ Hornby, M.A., B.D, Rev. Prin J. T.
RE HH Brewis, B A., B_D., Rev. Prin. H. J. Pickett, Rev. E. W. Hirst, M.A., B.Sc., Rev. A. L. Humphries, j
itt M.A., Prof. A. Lee, M.A., T. L. Wilson, R. J. Hall, J. Bown.
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