Citation
Missionary echo of the Methodist Church

Material Information

Title:
Missionary echo of the Methodist Church
Abbreviated Title:
Missionary echo
Creator:
Methodist Church (Great Britain) ( Author, Primary )
Place of Publication:
London
Publisher:
Andrew Crombie
Henry Hooks
Language:
English
Physical Description:
volume ; 31 cm

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Methodist Church (Great Britain) -- Missions -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
Methodist Church (Great Britain) ( LCNAF )
Missions, British -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
Missions, British ( LCSH )
Missions -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
衛理公會(英國) -- 宣教 -- 期刊
衛理公會(英國)
英國傳教士 -- 期刊
傳教士,英國
任務 -- 期刊
卫理公会(英国) -- 宣教 -- 期刊
卫理公会(英国)
英国传教士 -- 期刊
传教士,英国
任务 -- 期刊
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
Temporal Coverage:
1893 -
Spatial Coverage:
Europe -- United Kingdom -- England -- Greater London -- London
Asia -- China
Asia -- India
Africa -- British Africa
North America -- Caribbean
歐洲 -- 英國 -- 英格蘭 -- 大倫敦 -- 倫敦
亞洲 -- 中國
亞洲 -- 印度
非洲 -- 英屬非洲
北美 -- 加勒比海
欧洲 -- 英国 -- 英格兰 -- 大伦敦 -- 伦敦
亚洲 -- 中国
亚洲 -- 印度
非洲 -- 英属非洲
北美 -- 加勒比海
Coordinates:
51.507222 x -0.1275
35 x 103
21 x 78
18.18 x -77.4
-8.7832 x 34.5085

Notes

General Note:
Catalogued from volumes 3 (1896) and 31 (1924)
General Note:
Title from cover and index
General Note:
VIAF (name authority) : Methodist Church (Great Britain) : URI http://viaf.org/viaf/158324772

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS University of London
Holding Location:
SOAS University of London
Rights Management:
This item is licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution, Non-Commercial License. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this work non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms.
Resource Identifier:
123988723 ( OCLC )

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Full Text
THE
Missionary Echo
OF THE
United Methodist Churches.
Editor,
J. E. SWALLOW.
VOLUME XXXI.
1924.
And the king's servants said unto the king. Behold thy servants
are readv to do whatsoever my lord the king shall appoint.
II. Sam. xv. 15.
London :
HENRY HOOKS, 12 FARRINGDON AVENUE, E C.4.


INDEX.
CHINA. PAGE
New Movements. W. A. Grist ... 87
China’s Christian Army. G. T. B.
Davis ..............................221
CHINA NORTH.
Candlin, the late Dir. G. T. J. Hinds 1C2
Ditto ditto. C. Stedeford ... 163
Ditto ditto. Editor ... ... 166
Ditto ditto. T. Bryson..........167
Ditto ditto. F. B. Turner ... 168
Candlin, G. T. : Then and Now ... 5, 27
Chang Tsun Shih. D. V. Godfrey ... 80
Gratitude of Scholar ....................80
District Meeting. E. Richards..........110
Hospitals, Two. W. E. Plummer ... 92
Lao Ling Hospital ... ... ... ... 233
New Year in Shantung. D. V. Godfrey 76
Patients, Five. W. E. Plummer ... 153
Smith, B. D. D. Howard ... ... 187
CHINA SOUTH-EAST.
Austin, Dr. C. J.................. ... 46
Chaos in China. W. Tremberth... ... 197
Doidge, B.A., Dorothy M.................198
Fifth Term. J. W. Heywood ... ... 208
Fortune, B.A., Mabel ............. ... 198
Gratitude, Chinese. W. P. Bates ... 56
Industrial Ningpo. H. S. Redfern
111, 128, 149
Night-watch at Ningpo. F. Galpin ... 211
Ningpo, Twenty Years in. H. S. Red-
fern ........................ 201, 229
Perry, B.Sc., E. W. J...................187
Scott, Irving...........................187
Stobie, Rev. W. R. A. H. Sharman ... 126
CHINA SOUTH-WEST.
Ba-bo'o Country, The. R. H. Golds-
worthy .................. 101, 132, 189
Dymonds, The. W. A. Grist...............127
Five Hundred Genii. R. H. Goldsworthy 83
He Did It. Why? A. Evans ... 213, 22<:
Nosu Rock. A. Evans ..................... 8
Note-book Jottings. W. H. Hudspeth... 2i
Slavery in China. R. E. Craddock ... 141
Superior Man, The. C. E. Hicks ... 181
AFRICA EAST.
Complexity. A. J. Hopkins ..............145
Cozens, A. G. V....................... 188
Harvest Festival at Meru. A J. Hopkins 219
Mimmack, The late Frank ... ... 170
Tana Conference, A. B. J. Ratcliffe ... 50
AFRICA WEST.
Call Thereto. A. E. Dymond ... ... 207
Cameo. Stanley Sowton................... 11
Leigh, Rev. J. E. Editor................217
Scholarship Student, A. W. S. Mickle-
thwaite..............................48
War Captive Story. W. S. Mickle-
thwaite ... ... ... 193, 233
FOR YOUNG FOLK. page
Buddha : A Story. W. H. Hudspeth ... 175
Ciphers, Mind Your. E. W. Smith ... 116
Li Shuang Mei and the Birds. N. B.
Raine ... ... ... ... ... 20
Tu’ti Idol, Story of. W. H. Hudspeth 160
REVIEWS.
Japan. J. E. Mackintosh................ 15
Francois Coillard. E. F. H. Capey (late) 17
International Review ... 26, 100, 180, 220
African Idylls. Hirondelle ............ 32
Miss Laburnum. Mrs. Wood ... ... 33
African Literature. W. Vivian.......... 35
Missions as I saw them. Lucanus ... 53
The Light-bearers. J. A. Bedward ... 55
Creative Forces in Japan. Editor. ... 60
Timothy Richard. G. T. Candlin 72, 94
Worthington’s St. John. J A. Bedward 86
Kingdom without Frontiers. Editor ... 106
Clash of Colour. Editor ... ... ... 152
Robert Morrison. E. C. Urwin ... ... 195
Empire’s Debt to Missions. J. A.
Thompson ........................ 216
Bookland ................ 16, 177, 220
The Race of Heroes ....................236
POETRY.
The First Convert. S. Gertrude Ford... 40
Hymn set to Music. ,, ... 47
On the Way of the Cross. ,, ... 63
The Two Rose-bearers. ,, ... 114
Tn Harvest-time ,. ... 177
Denmark’s Gift ... ... ... ... 228
Peter’s Shadow. Facing p. 229
Anchored. Markham ......................25
Compassion. Mabel Fortune, B.A. ... 60
The World the Field. C. Ellison ... 74
Deo Gratias. A. A. L. Barwick.......... 96
Tn te Christi. St. Cuthbert ... ... 157
A Book. Garrison.......................186
Giving and Living. Anon... ... ... 200
T shall not pass again this wav • •• ... 244
“Unto us a Son ”.......................232
HOME AND GENERAL.
Calumny Refuted. W. E. Soothill 75, 96
Christ’s Claim and Ours. Mrs. Butler 209
Conference and Missions. C.Weodall 140, 172
Empire Exhibition ... ... 61, 89
Empire and Missions^ .................. 14
Labour and Christianity.................37
Laymen’s Movement. E. C. Bartlett... 70
London Demonstration. Editor... ... 81
London Extension Committee.............232
Missions and World-politics. R. Muir 67
Moslem Conference. Basil Mathews ... 121
Observatory. Editor .........91, 139, 215
Praver Union ... 4, 36, 42, 63, 96, 116
135, 148, 186, 215, 222
President’s Calll ...................... 1
Questionnaire. A Challenging F. W.
Stevens ........................... 30
Rothwell, Dr. Annie. A. Rathmell ... 70


PAGE
Secretary’s Notes ... 2, 24, 43, 64, 84, 104
123, 144, 171, 183, 204, 223
Seden, Rev. James. Editor ...........136
Societies’ Finance ... ... ... ... 186
Students’ Demonstration. E. J. Hough 81
“Young men shall see visions” ... ... 26
W.M.A............. 18, 38, 57, 78, 97, 118
136, 158, 178, 198, 218, 234
World-prayer Cycle ... ... 136, 210
ILLUSTRATIONS.
CHINA.
Confucius ... ... ... ... ... 181
Feng’s Army. General ... ... ... 221
Heavy Load, A .................. ... 183
Home Industry .......................130
Han-yeh-ping Works ... ... 112, 113
Kiangnan Works ... ... 149, 150, 151
Peking Medical College....... 91, 93
Petroleum Works......................128
Shanghai, the Creek .................124
,, busy scene ..................129
Whitewright Exhibition................ 7
CHINA NORTH.
Chaff from the Wheat ........... ... 83
Five Patients........................153
Lao-ling Hospital ... ... ... ... 92
,, Staff ..................... 5
,, Men’s Ward............. ... 27
New Year Band ........................76
Robinsons, Grave of the ... ... ... 28
Turner’s School. Miss ............... 39
CHINA SOUTH-EAST.
Children at Wenchow ................. 98
Chinese, Some Typical ................97
College, Ningpo ............... 202, 205
Boarding the Karmala ... ... ... 224
Long Dyu dong .................. ... 211
Medical Students, Ningpo........ ... 212
Ningpo College Model ........... ... 229
Staff in 1906.'................. -...230
Pretty Corner, Wenchow...............137
Wenchow Children................ ... 97
,, Women’s Ward................. 58
,, a Street......................30
,, View ... ... ... ... 53
CHTNA SOUTH-WEST.
Ah-nie’s Baboo Home ... ... ... 191
Be-Boo-Go-Go ... ... ... ... 134
Buddha, A............................175
Christian Forces in Yunnan ..........141
Goddess of Mercy ... ... ... ... 83
Lu-hai-ting..........................133
River Scene........................ 105
Sacred Trees... ...........21
Ta toh, Yunnan ... ... ... ... 189
Temple of 500 Genii ..................83
Unwanted Children .............. ... 142
Village Store, A ... ... ... ... 227
Yangtze at Ta ton ... ... ... ... 101
,, a Gorge in ...................... 9
,, Upper gorges .............. ... 132
Yen and companions, Mrs. ............219
PAGE
AFRICA EAST.
Burden-bearers ........................118
Congregation at Meru ..................147
Meru Chiefs... ... ... ... ... 225
Pokcmo Teachers and Preachers ... 3
Scholars at Meru.................. ... 146
Women Ex-Slaves................... ... 51
AFRICA WEST.
Mendi Chief and Attendants ............193
School House in Mendiland ... ... 11
PORTRAITS.
The President, Rev. C. Pye ............. 1
Austin, Dr. C. J. ... ... ••• ••• 46
Banrett, Rev. F........................107
Bates, M.A., Rev. W. P. ... ... ••• 231
Brooks, Mrs. J. B., B.Litt ............ 19
Candlin, the late Dr. ... â– â– â–  161, 163
,, and Mrs................... ... 162
„ in 1909 163
,, in 1910 164
in 1914 ... ... ... ••• 165
„ in 1916 166
,, in 1923 168
Chambers, Rev. F. H. ... ... ... 107
Chengtu Principal................. ... 65
Chester, Esq., H. G....................107
Ching Tsun Shih, Rev................... 41
College Staff and Students............. 81
Cozens, Rev. A. G. V. ... ... ... 188
Crowther, Esq., Lawrence...............172
Dobson, Mrs. (the late) ... ... ... 34
Dymond, Rev. A. E. ... ... ••• 207
Dymond, Rev. F. J......................109
Eddon, Rev. W. ... ... ... ••• 43
Galpin, Rev. F..........................56
Heywood, Rev. J. W............... 108, 208
Mrs. Hicks.............................223
Johnson, Mr. J. B. ... ... ••• ••• 48
Keevill, Dr. and Mrs. ... ... ... 13
Leigh, Rev. J. E. ... ... ••• ••• 217
Nichols, Rev. J. B................... 24
Perry, B.Sc., E. W. J................187
Redfern, Mr. and Mrs. ... ... ... 201
Richard, Timothy ... ... ... ••• 13
Rothwell, Dr. Annie ................... 70
Spurgeon, J. P., Sir A. ... ... 108
Scott, Rev. Irving.....................187
Smith, B. D., Rev. D. H................187
Stobie, Rev. W. R. and Mrs............12^6
Stobie, Mrs.............'â– .............234
HOME AND GENERAL.
C. M. S. High School ...................62
Conference in Jerusalem ... ... ... 122
Dartmoor Rill, A........................23
Fraser, Dr. Donald ... ... ••• ••• 32
Hankow Methodist Hospital ............. 71
Lawrence Memorial, Lucknow............. 61
Medicine Chest, Derby .................218
Nazareth Hospital ... ... ... ••• 68
Peking Medical College ... ... 91, 93
Plymouth Sound ........................174


Peter’s Shadow.
1 No preacher orthodox
Was he,
Who climbed the quiet stair,
Into the high raised box
That day,
To talk, and read and pray.
2 With a wondrous winsomeness
Of way,
When lesson hymn and prayer
Had seemed in quietness,
To draw
All hearts with holy awe.
3 The preacher bowed his head
Silent;
The people conscious of a Third.
Then from the Book he read
A word
They had so often heard.
4 “They brought into the streets
The sick,
On beds and mattresses, so thick
That Peter’s shadow could not miss
them, where
They lay,
As he passed by them, on his healing
way. ”
5 The preacher read and paused,
Then talked
Of Peter’s healing shadow as he
walked
And moved among the sick,
The aisles
Of pain lit up with smiles.
6 Then spoke he of Scutari and
The Lamp,
Of stricken, dying soldiers in the
camp,
Who turned to kiss the shadow
At night
Of the Lady all in white.
7 And of another glorious One
The Lord,
Moving about in lanes and homes-,.
Healing till the set of sun ;•
Who knew
His tassel’s touch shed virtue.
8 Then of a modern labouring man
He told
In corduroy, and with a heart of gold1
Plying his business in the streets
By day,
But answering the sick’s knock, at
night, al way.
9 Peter, His Lord, her of Scutari too,
Men sought ;
Yea, and the hawker of the street ;
And you ? Do needy ones seek you ?
And feel
Your shadow works their weal?
10 “They pass this world-way only once,”’
He smiled ;
“This wondrous wav,” the little child,,
The prince, the aged, the beggar-man
Must tread,
Needing your love as daily bread.
11 In home and street and market-place
The tired
And those whom none hath hired,
The sick and desolate,
Broken,
Seek still the shadow-token.
12 The preacher ceased ; they sang a
hymn,
And went
From out the sacred place with look
intent,
None dared to turn and glance at him,
Above,
Bowed, praying that all might look
on love.
J. B. Bkocks.


The President’s
Message for 1924.
HAPPY NEW YEAR
to all readers of the
“Missionary Echo,” and
may their number be
largely increased.
This magazine sets forth our
missionary operations and keeps us
in touch with our brothers and sisters
who have gone forth to make known
the Gospel in all its social and
spiritual implications.
The past successes of our mission-
ary work are making great demands
upon us for a larger income and
greater enthusiasm. There cannot
be adequate individual co-operation
in our great overseas’ work unless
we are constantly gaining informa-
tion, and this necessity is met by the
magazine in which I am now empha-
sising the clamant call for continued
and increasing missionary zeal.
We are all extremely thankful for
the devoted labours of Mr. and Mrs.
T. Butler and the Secretary, and it is
a real joy to hearthem describe their
wonderful journeyings. Their pre-
sentation of the case for our missions
has deepened the zeal of those
Rev.
CHARLES PYE.
already on fire, and aroused in many
hearts new desires and resolutions.
The work at home is great, not only
for the sake of our Churches here,
but that they may continue to be
an inspiration and support to those
who are at the front and thus share
in the triumphs of “ the Gospel of
the Ever-Blessed God with which
we have been entrusted.”
The President.
January, 1924.
“Your shadow-selves, your
influence, will fall
Where you can never be.”


From the
Mission House.
Rev.
C. STEDEFORD.
“ The Lord is
able to give
thee much
more than
this.”
These words are recorded
in 2 Chron. xxv. 9 as the
assurance the “man of
God ” gave to king Ama-
ziah in order to encour-
age him to put his whole
trust in the Lord rather than to employ
hired soldiers. I suggest them now as a
suitable text for the New Year, for the
encouragement of all missionary workers,
including those abroad as well as those at
home. To our missionaries they are a
reminder that the attainment of the past
•should not be the measure of our hope
for the future. Whatever the result
already gained, it may be said, “the Lord
is able to give thee much more than this.”
We talk sometimes of having come to
the limit of our resources. So it may ap-
pear, but we can never come to the limit
of Divine resources. Let us learn to' look
beyond the human medium to the Divine
â– source, and our hopes will expand like
the broadening day.
This assurance should come also as a
stimulus and encouragement to all our
-missionary workers at the home base. We
see our income to be inadequate, we see
the unpromising industrial conditions, we
see in the state of the world the growing
urgency of the missionary propaganda,
but we need to see above everything else
that we have unlimited resources in God,
and that He can multiply His gifts to
those who honour His claim. Many
churches and circuits have settled down
to a very meagre contribution to the mis-
sionary exchequer. They forget that all
forms of enrichment, whether material or
spiritual, are determined by the Lord who
has commissioned His Church to propa-
gate His Gospel. There would be no
lack of missionary donations if this faith
were firmly fixed in the hearts of God’s
people. We lose by withholding and we
gain by giving. “The blessing of the
Lord, it maketh rich, and he addeth no>
sorrow with it.”
Evangelism
in Mern.
Rev. A. J. Hopkins has
sent a report after his
first three months in
Meru. The Sunday services at Meru
were being very well maintained, the
average attendance being about fifty, with
two or three new comers generally
present. To people just emerging from
primitive paganism heathen dances have
a strong attraction, but those who join
the church have to break with this
ancient custom.
We have five out-stations ; two have
been recently opened, one by Mr. Ratcliffe
in Muthari and one by Mr. Hopkins a
little further north in Igembi. The out-
stations are flourishing in the sense that
there are many more scholars in attend-
ance than three months ago. The Dis-
trict Commissioner in his visits has urged
the tribal chiefs to get their people to
read, and this partly accounts for the
growing numbers, in the schools. Never-
theless it enlarges the scope of our appeal.
Mr. Hopkins wisely insists that the
teachers shall impart Scripture instruction
every day as well as on Sundays, both in
the form of catechism and in learning
Scripture passages. He says : “ I believe
in sowing even by the wayside. If these
people have even a few ‘ tags ’ of Scrip-
ture in their minds, the meaning of which
they very dimly comprehend, they are
bound to think of them sometimes and
possibly repeat them to others in fireside
gossip.”
Mr. Hopkins further reports : “ In my
talks with the teachers I have instructed
them that they must not consider the
place where the school is built to be their
only sphere of work, but each must have
at least one other visiting station at
which he teaches regularly. Similarly the
evangelist here will have three other
places near which he will visit regularly.
They accepted cheerfully the new regime
which increases their labour materially,
and this step has the effect of greatly
enlarging the sphere of our activity with-
out increasing the cost of working the
mission. I really believe the teachers will
derive more joy from their service. Each
Sunday evening we go to an outlying vil-
lage and hold a service. One evening we
came across about forty men engaged in
building a house for a chief. They
stopped their work while we held a ser-
vice on the spot. Another time, the sound
2




A Promising Christmas
and New Year.
WHEN our people know the needs of the £80,000 Fund
they respond willingly and generously. They are now
quite ready to bring the Fund to a speedy and success-
ful completion. £66,000 had been subscribed before this final
effort was started, and with the help of every Minister, every
Circuit, every Church and every Member we shall surprise
ourselves and more than complete the £80,000.
We have already announced that Scarborough was the
first Circuit to complete its final effort with an average of 24/-
per member. Most of the Circuits are now busy with the
arrangements for the distribution and collection of the envelopes
and, even in this time of depression, our people will again prove
their loyalty to the Church and their devotion to its aged
Ministers and their Widows.
Victoria Road, Leeds,
was the first Circuit to start the £80,000 Fund, which it did
with most generous gifts.
This Circuit has not yet completed its final effort, but
we are happy to state that we have ALREADY received
from this Circuit
AN AVERAGE of £3 PER MEMBER
towards this final effort.
With such promises and your help we hope to
complete the £80,000 this Christmas and New Year.
All Donations forwarded direct to the Financial Secretary—Rev.
GEORGE PARKER, 41 The Valley, Scarborough—will be gratefully
acknowledged and will be placed to the credit of your Circuit.


From the Mission House
of a dance in progress provided the cer-
tainty of a large audience, and the dance
was stopped while the Word was
preached.”
In this way Mr. Hopkins sows beside
all waters, and friends at home may share
his ministry in praying that the seed sown
may bring forth abundant fruit.
News from the Rev. B. J. Ratcliffe re-
Tana River. ports having recently
visited every one of the
stations on the Tana river, from Fetina,
our first station from the coast, to Hola,
the farthest up the river. Hola is a
station where one of the German mission-
aries resided. Mr. Ratcliffe says>: “ It is
nine years since these people had a white
missionary permanently resident among
them. During the whole of that time the
teachers and church elders “have fought
a good fight and have kept the faith.”
Amid the ravages of war, the scourge of
pestilence and famine, they have main-
tained an organization which has exploded
the notion that our native converts cannot
stand the test of loneliness.”
Mr. Ratcliffe bears further testimony to
the quality of the Tana River churches
in his account of the Conference of the
Teachers held at Chunoni on September
20th and 21st. He says : “This Confer-
ence has provoked my profound admira-
tion for these splendid fellows who have
kept down to their work with a tenacity
of purpose I have not seen excelled any-
where. In business sessions they revealed
wonderful capacity in organization and
clear judgment : a combination of busi-
ness acumen with spiritual intensity of
which I did not think them capable. As
each one rose to make his speech, I was
impressed by his demeanour, amused by
his prefaced address to ‘ the chair and the
conference ’—did anyone fail to observe
this piece of etiquette he was quickly
called to order by his brethren. In the
speeches there was no attempt at showy,
flowery utterance, but simple, direct ad-
dress to the matter in question. The
various subjects that came before us had
been dealt with in Committee the previous
night in a clearing between the native
houses and the tropical bush and under
the light of the silvery moon. Thus were
we prepared to legislate upon the elemen-
tal facts of each item. The Conference
has been an inspiration toi me and simply
dwarfs any other experience I have had
in the course of my years in East Africa.”
It appears that these churches developed
an uncommon degree of strength and
stability during the period of severe test-
ing through which they passed. Real
gold is not destroyed by the fire but rather
purified thereby. We have undertaken
the oversight of these Tana River
churches, and it is a joy to know that they
are worthy of the guidance and direction
we can give, and which in their present
stage of development they so much need.
Pokomo Teachers and Preachers in Conference at Chnnoni,
Tana River. Sept. 21st. 1923. (Re^. B. J. Ratcliffe incentre.)
3


Prayer Union
Sickness in Our The wife of Dr. Plummer
N. China Staff, has had to undergo a
serious operation. It was
performed at the hospital in connection
with the Union Medical College in Peking.
We are pleased to> report that the opera-
tion was completely successful, and that
the doctor states in a recent letter that
his wife is quite herself again.
Rev. W. Eddon also' has had to go to
the same hospital in Peking. During the
past year Mr. Eddon has suffered several
lapses in health which have made it diffi-
cult for him to continue his work. Last
October the doctor decided that it was
necessary for him to go to Peking for a
thorough examination and probably to
undergo an operation for the removal of
gall stones. Our friends will deeply sym-
pathise with Mr. and Mrs. Eddon and
earnestly pray for his complete recovery.
A Call for Our Committee is very
Missionaries. desirous to hear of a suit-
able candidate for educa-
tional missionary work in China. A man
is needed who is fully qualified to take the
principalship of a Middle School. Above
all, he needs to possess the true mission-
ary spirit, whose supreme desire is to im-
part a knowledge of God through faith in
Jesus Christ. We trust that among our
young men one will find in this oppor-
tunity a call to combine high educational
qualifications with the highest spiritual
vocation.
Our Committee also calls for a minister
who is willing to exercise his ministry in
West Africa. He would need a sound
constitution and aptitudes for leadership.
It is said that one volunteer is better than
ten pressed men, and we pray that the
hand of God may be laid upon one quali-
fied for this important work.
Dr. C. J. Dr. C. J Austin has been
Austin. appointed to serve as the
colleague of Dr. E. T. A.
Stedeford in our Wenchow hospital. After
completing his course in tropical medicine,
he will sail for Wenchow per the P. and
O. ss. “China,” on February 1st.
BOOKS TO HAND.
Dr. Donald Fraser’s “African Idylls ” ;
Mrs. Dobson’s “Miss Laburnum and
other stories.”
Reviews next month.
Prayer Union.
And those who were scattered went
through the land preaching the Gospel
. . . And the croxvds attended like one
man to what was said by Philip, listening
to him and watching the miracles he
performed . . . So there was great
rejoicing in that town.—Acts 8 : 4, 6, 8.
“THIS WASTE.”
When Mary, for the love she bore her
Lord,
Poured from the alabaster box the frag-
nant nard,
Men spake of waste
But Jesus saw the fitness of the deed,
The selfless love that prompted it, the
spirit pure,
And He in haste
Turned in rebuke. The while through all
the house
The perfume breathed. Christ saw love’s
offering sweet
Unto his taste.
The odour of the ointment filled the house,
And thence its sweetness has pervaded all
the world,—
A wondrous waste.
Cuthbert Ellison.
Hymns :
Thou Lord, hast blest my going out.
C. Wesley.
Eternal light, eternal light. Binney.
Arise, O Lord, and shine. Hurn.
Jan. 6.—New Year in our five fields.
Three in China, two in Africa. Readings
from Echo. Psa. 103.
Jan. 13.—Peking Theological work. Dr.
Candlin. Pp. 48-49 in Report. Isa. 66 :
10-24.
Jan. 20.—East Africa : Coast and Meru.
Messrs. Griffiiths and Hopkins. Pp. 51,
52. Luke 5 : 1-11.
Jan. 27.—W.M.A. Message and Re-
ports. Mrs. Rounsefell, Mrs. Wood,
Mrs. Brooks. Pp. 62-4. Psa. 19.
“ O my Creator, my Eternal Love ! O my
Father, my Heavenly Father ! Weary, yet
full of trust ; worthless, but truly loving
Thee ; on earth still and very far from
heaven ; mv home and my rest are in Thy
fidelity.”—F. W. Faber.
4


Then and
Now.
ORTY-FIVE years ! A large slice
out of a man’s life. I went to China
in 1878 : I return for this fourth
time, and forty-five years have fled.
Forty-five years of almost unique life,
amongst a quite unique people, and now,
at this advanced stage of my missionary
experience, what message can I bring you
which can strengthen and encourage your
zeal for the great work? How enlarge
your sense of its greatness ? How indi-
cate to you without discouragement the
.extreme difficulties of the task? How
paint on the canvas of your imagination
in sundawn colours of redly glowing light
the beauty of ultimate triumph ?
Forty-five years! The briefest sketch
•of the history of the nation during the
period would take more time than is at
our disposal. A sketch of the general
development of missionary work would be
equally impossible. Even the story of
â– our own mission for the period would be
all too long.
So I attempt no more than a few con-
trasts by which I hope to bring into light
some of the most salient and dominant
facts. Seen with missionary eyes, this
China which between then and now has
passed through such great crises : war
with France, war with Japan, encroach-
ments by the nations, threatened dismem-
bership, the coup d’etat, Boxer outbreak ;
revolution, the oldest existing empire
suddenly become
the youngest of
the republics ;
â– stormy, troubled
a n d paralytic
governm e n t s ;
flooded with mis-
sionary societies,
British, Ameri-
can, Canadian,
French, German,
Danish, Luther-
an, Swiss—what
do we see in its
condition then as
compared with
now which arrests
attention, is sig-
nificant of change
*Being the substance
of his address at Con-
ference, 1923.
[Dr. W. E. Plummer.
Staff at Lao Ling- Hospital, N. China.
(The Dr. in centre.)
By the
Rev. G. T. CANDLIN, D.D.*
or which promises us success ? Between
then and now over what ground have we
travelled, what stars have we seen over-
head ?
1878 and 1923—how do they compare?
In one respect—I speak here only of our
own field in North China—though I sus-
pect much the same is true of the other
fields—we have not much to be proud of,
viz., the number of our foreign staff.
Then, we had five male missionaries, now
we have six, an increase of one only.
The work amongst women and girls on
the mission has compelled us to send two
lady missionaries which the splendid
devotion of our ladies at home has amply
provided for.
United Methodism.—Then our entire
Connexion in North China, members and
probationers, was less than 500 ; now it
lias added to that number 5,000. Then
we had a base in Tientsin and centres
at Chu Chia Chai and at Yangshin, in
Shantung : now we have run along the
Grand Canal to> Tangkuan T’un, Shing-
chi, Paot’ou, Tung Kuang and Lien-
chen ; swept out nearly to the eastern sea
at Ta Ma Li Chia and Wang Pi Chia,
extended to the Yellow River on the
South, and reached the barrier of the
Great Wall on the North.
Then our Training Institution in Tient-
sin was but just founded. Our first Medi-
cal Missionary had not yet begun his
5


Then and Now
work in Shantung ; we had hardly any
schools, our Churches were few and scat-
tered but enthusiastic; the Mission was
almost without organization, no1 quarterly
meetings, no Chinese representatives in
District Meeting, not one ordained pastor,
no definite source of local income, no col-
lections. By far the largest contribution
made by our members to the finances of
the Mission were the rooms lent to us
free of cost for religious services, a
generosity which continues in no lessened
deg'ree until now. We had no, settled rules
in China, no scale of payments tO’ either
preachers or teachers, all was indefinite,
hand to mouth inchoate, unformed.
Now we are a well-organized Mission
of five Circuits, which ought to be called
Districts, themselves grouped intoi sub-
Circuits, which ought to be called Cir-
cuits, each in charge of a trained preacher
or a catechist. We have six ordained
Chinese Pastors, three self-supporting
Churches and a number of Churches ap-
proaching self-support; a Chinese Provi-
dent Society, and improved stipends for
our preachers and a well - organized
Chinese District Meeting.
General Missions.—Then, there were
but few Missionary Societies working in
China, now they count several hundred.
Then, the total membership of Protestant
Missionary Societies was but a few thou-
sand : now, it is approximately half a
million. The Roman Church, which has
been in China from the days of Marco
Polo, claims two million. Then, it was
immediate death for a foreigner to pass
within the gateway of many of the
southern cities of China : now all China
is open and free. The network of Pro-
testant stations covers the whole of China
proper, so that no one is very remote
from a Christian centre. Then the per-
secutions of Chinese Christians was most
severe : now it has entirely ceased. This
statement may be disputed ; but it is sub-
stantially true. There is persecution of
a lonely Christian in a village : but that
is only what takes place in England or
any other country. What is called ban-
diting is worse than ever, but it is applied
to Christian and heathen alike. Super-
stition no longer credits us with black
magic, and the name “foreign devil,”
though sometimes heard, does not imply
any connection with the arch-fiend. Man-
darins do not now deflect justice either
to gratify local gentry or to placate the
missionary or his consul; but only in the
interests of their own pockets 1 There
is no longer any persecution of Chris-
tianity as such. We hear no more of
adulterous rites in Christian Churches,
of the magic medicine which used to
saturate our literature, of charm-water
distilled from the eyes and hearts of
young children. All that is as dead in.
China as tales of witchcraft in England.
An anti-Christian society has recently
been formed in China, but it is born of
fear and alarm. It aims to oppose the
spread of Christianity, not to impose suf-
ferings on individual Christians. It ap-
peals to Agnostic not to superstitious
motives, and is as much opposed to other
religions as to Christianity. It really
represents a complete change in the
thought-life of young China. It sounds
very loudly in our ears the all-important
lesson that our true enemy, the foe with
whom the missionary abroad, as the
minister at home has incessantly to strive,
is not heathenism or idolatry, but Agnos-
ticism. The awakening mind of Youth-
ful China, like that of India and Japan, is
not moving toward superstition and mis-
belief but toward, materialism and
unbelief.
Education.—The reason of these signi-
ficant changes is the absolutely revolu-
tionary movement in the nation’s life in
three respects—Education, Transporta-
tion, Information. Vast strides have been
made in Education. Everywhere through-
out the Republic Universities, Colleges,
Schools, even night-classes, have been
formed, and the number of students in-
creases by thousands every year, so that
China is steadily pulling up into line with
Europe itself in educational activity. In
Peking alone we have the Government
University, the Normal College,the Ch’ing
Hua College, our own Missionary Uni-
versity and numerous schools of every
description. Most notable of all, the large
number of Girls’ Colleges and schools
which seek to lift the Chinese girl to the
same level as the boy. Our Methodist
Academy in Peking has in all more than a
thousand scholars—boys and girls. Our
concern is lest the tremendous enthu-
siasm in favour of Educational Missions,
in which all branches of knowledge are
6


Then and Now
included, should divert too large a por-
tion of our slender finances into these
channels, to the impoverishment of our
Evangelistic work. It is a significant fact
that to-day throughout China no boy,
however poor, perhaps no girl, need go
untaught. There are Lower, Primary
and higher Primary schools everywhere
supported by Government, to which ad-
mission is free, and all our Mission schools
are simply auxiliary to these. We still
continue to speak of only one boy in ten
or one girl in a hundred being taught, but
in another generation this will be a thing
of the past. If you remember that the
Chinese people are per se the intellectual
equals of any nation, that the Chinese
brain and heart have long ago produced
masterpieces in religious classics, in his-
torical, poetic, biographical and critical
literature, and that in the ancient world
there was no more inventive and self-
sufficient nation than theirs, the illimitable
possibilities of this intellectual awakening
will startle you. And no cause has been
anything like so potent in producing this
marvellous renaissance as Missionary
Schools and Colleges. They have been
the models on which Chinese educational
institutions have been built.
Transport.—Consider again the facili-
ties of trans-
portation which
have come in. In
1878 China had
no single foot of
railway. A rail-
way had been
built between
Shanghai and
Wusung, b u t
had been torn up
bv a superstitious
and infuriated
people. It was
entirely a for-
eigner’s venture,
hated by rulers
and people alike.
The first railway
was built, a sin-
gle line of six or
seven miles in
length between
Tangshan and
Shii Kio Chuang.
It was so neces-
Whitewright Exhibition, Tsinan Fu. Main Hall. [Mr. T. Butler, J.P.
(For account thereof see p. 183 October, 1922.)
7
sary for carrying coal from the mines
to the sea that it had to be sanc-
tioned : . and so out of the way in
rural China that popular opposition was
reduced to a minimum. Fortunately it
had two ends to it, one of which extended
first from Hsu Ko Chuang to Lu tai,
then to T’angku, then to Peking, thence
to Kulgan, and is still continuing until
it shall link up with and shorten by some
days the great Siberian route. The other
end was lengthened to Kuyeh, to Shan
Hai Kuan, to Moukden, to Ch’ang Ch’un,
to Harbin, to Irkutsk, to Petrograd
and Moscow, and links up with the Euro-
pean system. It began as a private en-
terprise. It is now Governmental, and a
great source of income to the Republic.
Railway extension is an almost uninter-
rupted process, and many thousands of
miles have been built, connecting Peking
with Paoting, with Chinanfu, with Nan-
king, with Ch’ing Tao, with Hankow.
Soon facilities will extend to all the prin-
cipal cities of China, while a line through
Kansu running through the New Domin-
ion and Ili to Samarkand ; and a train
from Peking to London in a week is a
dream of the future. This increase in
accessibility to all parts of the Republic


Nosu Rock !
must have the most pronounced influence
on the life of the nation.
Information.—Newspapers for good
and ill have a potent influence on the life
of a nation. When I went to China there
was not a single newspaper circulating
in the Empire. There was the “Ching
Pao,’’ the “Peking Gazette” only. This,
I am well aware, has been spoken of as
the oldest newspaper in the world. Well,
the statement was true enough, just as
the Great Wall may claim to be the
longest wall in the world. But the Great
Wall kept nothing out : and the “Peking
Gazette ” had nothing in. It certainly
was the hoary parent, like the Neander-
thal man, of Chinese journalism. In
relation to Chinese newspapers, it was
like the beginning of the “London
Times,” a Court Circular. It gave a
meagre list of official appointments or
Imperial Decrees. Its only circulation
was among officials.
Now China is almost snowed under
with Chinese newspapers. All the prin-
cipal cities have their own organs, many
have several, of differing shades of politi-
Nosu Rock!
PETER WANG is a Nosu. The
Nosu tribe are to be found in S.W.
< China. Some of them have come
under Chinese jurisdiction, and form a
part of the Chinese nation ; others of
them still live in the “ Independent Lolo ”
country, as it is called,—rightly called
“independent,” wrongly called “Lolo.”
Peter Wang is a Nosu Chinese ; that is
to say, he is a Chinese citizen, has com-
peted at the Chinese examinations, and is
a Chinese B.A.
Until' very recently the Nosu lived very
much under the feudal system, even those
who were under Chinese jurisdiction.
They had, and still have, their overlords,
or barons ; their free-men, landlords and
tenants ; their serfs and their slaves. And
many a time a baron would call together
all his retainers to go and wage warfare
upon a neighbouring baron, very similar
to the doings recorded in early English
history.
The man of whom we are speaking is a
Nosu of the free-men class, and was a
cal opinion. Tientsin has at least a score.
Peking, perhaps, half a score. Shanghai
has a much larger number. They pub-
lish all the daily telegrams, are a great
organ of advertisement, are not without
courage, for their editors frequently suffer
arrest. Everything of importance passing
in European countries is known through-
out the Republic as quickly as Chinese
news is known to us. They have heard
of the eruption of Mount Etna, or the
defeat of Hagen in the Golf Tournament
as readily as we have learnt of the bandit
attack on the Peking Pukow train, or the
resignation of Li Yuan Hung. And uni-
versal journalism is heavily supplemented
by countless magazines disseminating in-
formation of all kinds. In a word, these
forty-five years have seen in China what
is far more important than any political
changes whatsoever, a mental training
for the young, boys and girls alike, an
intimate intercourse between all parts of
the Republic and a spreading of know-
ledge almost unprecedented in their rapid
increase.
(Tobe continued)
Rev. ALFRED EVANS
wizard among his own people. We may
not fully understand the position of a
wizard. But we can illustrate it if we
think of the position that the Apostle
Peter is supposed to' hold for some people
—he holds the keys of the kingdom of
heaven ; if the people get to heaven,, the
apostle lets them in ; and if they fail to
get there, the apostle keeps them out.
Wihout troubling ourselves about the
truth of such. a report, it illustrates
the position of a wizard among the
Nosu in those earlier days. If the
people were to, get to the happy
regions of heaven, the wizard aided
them to this success ; if they reached
the place of woe, the wizard had had
some share in getting them there ; and
whatever came to them in this life of good
or evil came by the way of the wizard.
Consequently, he was a very important
man ; so much so, that even the baron in
his castle must treat him with the utmost
respect, send him substantial presents,
and provide a horse for him to' ride and
8


Nosu Rock !
servants to- wait o-n him, if he should wish
to obtain the beneficial services of the
wizard.
Peter Wang is a Nosu; he was a
wizard ; he is now a Christian pastor. I
heard him preach at the annual meeting' ;
he was the appointed preacher for that
conference. We have advanced so, far in
our district that the annual sermon to the
conference is always preached by one of
the native pastors, not by the foreigner.
The foreign missionary takes the second
Sunday.
Peter Wang wa the appointed preacher
that year, and after reading his lesson,
etc., he came to the time for the sermon.
He gave out his text, “Who came not to
be ministered unto, but to minister ” ! and
then he laughed ! He read the text the
second time, and he laughed again ! He
said, “I’m afraid you are not listening.
You do not take in the significance of
these words, which have reference to the
Lord from heaven, who came—‘ not to be
waited on, but to wait on others ! ” And
then he laughed again !
Why did he laugh? He had seen a
vision. A new truth had caught hold of
his soul. Ordinarily, a Nosu would not
lift his little finger to move any article
of furniture from one side of the room to
the other ; he would call one of his serfs
or slaves to do- it, and if the slave was not
there to- do it, he would know the reason
why, and the slave would probably be
there the next time he was wanted.
Several years after these people had joined
the church, your missionary was among
them for a Bible School. A hundred o-r
so of the men had come, some of them
several days’ jc-urney, bringing their food
and bedding with them, for a twelve days’
Bible School. And towards the close of
the school it was suggested that a photo-
graph should be taken, and your mission-
ary was very busy carrying the forms out-
side the church preparatory to the photo-
graph being taken outside the church
doors, when he awakened to the fact that
he was the only one carrying a form ! All
the others were contentedly looking on.
And then I said to them, “ Look here !
if you are Nosu, so am I ! Come and help
me carry these forms I ” And they did,
willingly, cheerfully, laughingly ! But the
natural thing for them to do, the thing
they did without thinking—was to let
someone else do it for them. And Peter
Wang, the wizard, had been brought up
under such conditions (or upon them), and
one day he read—and a new light broke
upon his soul as he read—“Who came,
not to be ministered unto, but to minis-
ter 1 ” From that day Peter Wang was
among those who* served.
I remember a second service he was
called upon to conduct—another sermon
to the conference, and by way of intro-
[Favoured by the F.F.M.A.
A Gorge in the Yangtse.
9


Nosu Rock !
duction to his sermon, he said, “Breth-
ren, I take off my hat to the devil! I
do 1 I pay my respects to the devil!
Why? He knows his job I He’s always
at it; you can never down him ; he never
takes a refusal; no matter how you treat
him, he is sure to come again,—if not as
a roaring lion, then as an angel of light.”
“And,” said the preacher, “I pay my
respects to the devil I But I also pay my
respects to Jesus Christ; far greater
respects to< Him, for He, too, knows His
job. It is recorded of Him, that ‘ He left
the ninety and nine in the sheepfold, and
went out after the one that was lost, until
Tie 'found.'' He did not return after a very
casual search, and report that He could
not find him. It was not a second search,
with a similar reply that He could not find
him, but ‘ He sought until He found.’ ”
And Peter Wang was a follower of this
Jesus Christ. Many a time has your mis-
sionary been with him around that rough
Nosu circuit. It means hard travelling,
every day, and all day. And it means
hard work at the end of the day,
carried on late into the night, and
then, another hard day, to start in the
morning for the eight, ten, or twelve
hours’ rough riding up and down those
hills and across the rivers. And on more
than one occasion, I have heard Wang tell
the men who were with us, to get straight
along without delay to such and such a
church, and be sure to get there before
sundown, and there was no need to wait
for the teacher, etc. And then as he and
I were travelling along, he on his mule,
and I on my horse, he would often say to
me, “ Teacher ! do you see that house up
there?” Up on the mountain side,
nestling among some trees, it might be a
mile or two out of our way ; and he would
say, “Teacher! I’ve often tried to get
hold of that family, but I’ve not succeeded
yet. Now, if you could visit them,
Teacher ! have a cup of tea in their home,
—perhaps crack and eat a few of their
walnuts,—it may be have a slight lunch
with them,—perhaps we may win them,
teacher! What about it? Will you go?”
And we went, and it often meant a long
delay, albeit, many times, a pleasant
delay ! but it made the journey longer !
And then later in the day, he would say
again, “Teacher! do you see that house
up there?” Up some other valley along
our route ! “I have a relative living there,
teacher ! And its awfully hard work to
get hold of one’s relatives ! He is a
wizard, too! Can we gO' there, teacher ?
And we went. And I testify tO' that man’s
work. Year in and year out, around that
rugged district, never straight from one
church to the next, but always, zigzag,
from this home to that. Oftentimes he
would be delayed beyond sunset; many
times he would lose his way ; but he was
seeking the sheep I
And I shall never forget one day, when
we arrived at a home where the man and
his wife had recently been received into
church membership. And when we ar-
rived there was much rejoicing! Wang
was a cripple, but he could dance around
in his excitement, and very great was the
rejoicing that day. And then I heard him
say to the men who had recently been bap-
tized, “ Do you remember the time when
I first came to see you? ” And the man
said, “No.! I do not know when it was.”
“It was about twelve years ago,” said
Wang. “And can you remember how
you treated me when I called that time? ”
“No,” said the man, “I do not remem-
ber, but I can make a guess. I probably
showed you the door, and called you many
ugly names, and wished you never to
come again.” “You did,” said Wang, “ and
you cursed me well, as I was leaving.
But,” said he, “do you remember what
I said to you as I was leaving the house
under your abuse? ” “No,” said the man,
“what did you say?” And Wang re-
plied, “As you were cursing me whilst I
walked down the garden path, I said,
‘ Look out! I’ll get you yet! ’ And you
see,” said he, “I got you ! didn’t I?” It
was twelve years work, but he got him !
He was a follower of Jesus Christ, of
whom he had read, “He sought until he
found him ” ! Jesus had made him a fisher
of men, and he is still serving, under very
trying circumstances, during these
troublesome days, in S.W China.
I wonder how this man—this impas-
sionate, reckless, rugged, obstinate,
sometimes foolish but often wise, man—I
wonder how this man came to be called
“ Peter ” ? a Rock ! He has seen the
vision. The “serving-man” Jesus has
heard him cry, “Thou art Christ, the Son
of God, “And to whom else shall we go ;
Thou hast the words of Life,” and upon
this rock Jesus is building His Church.
Can you help Him ?
10


A Missionary Cameo
from West Africa.
IT doesn’t do always to listen to what
a missionary tells you—not even such
a missionary as Mr Bethel, the
Chairman of the Sierra Leone District.
I was due down at the Girls’ High School
to take their little Sunday morning ser-
vice. There are two ways of going down,
by the beautifully-kept, carefully-graded
motor-road, or by a shady, rough little
by-road through the village of Wilber-
force. Mr. Bethel had said that I’d better
take the motor-road, that is a high road
with no native houses alongside. But the
native houses fascinated me, so when I
came to the turning it was the shady by-
road that had it.
It was “the goods” in the matter of
a Sierra Leonean village. I badly wanted
half a day there with my camera, but I
never got it. Ramshackle frame houses
shouting for paint. A black face looking
good-naturedly out of nearly every open
window. Chattering women in the un-
tidy gardens. Little stark-naked boys
running about. A stiff, straight, arrogant
Mohammedan with scarlet fez, baggy
STANLEY SOWTON,
W.M.M.S.
trousers and tiny apolcgy for a beard.
The place smelt African, not because of
unpleasant odours, but from the oil used
in cooking and from the fragrant wood
fires. Mothers were washing babies. The
village baker had turned out his batch of
bread. Strange fruits were on the trees
behind the houses. A few folk in Sun-
day black or Sunday white (according to
sex) were going to a Sunday School. A
bell tinkled musically away in the dis-
tance. There was a delicious tropical
noon-time-drone over the whole place.
I went down a steep street with shacks
on either side, in picturesque disrepair,
each of them a home for one family in this
great African ant-hive of humanity.
I paused to admire the brilliance of the
gay bougainvillea and the leafless frangi-
pane (no, I haven’t made up the names,
though I don’t guarantee the spelling).
Two big lizards very obligingly came on
the scene and performed acrobatic feats
on the front of one of the cottages. They
dashed over the surface like greased light-
ning. As I looked I listened. I heard a
C Muddingthe walls of a new School-house in Mendiland. L/?ev. A. E. Greeusinith.
11


They Call Me Strong
voice, an old man’s voice. He was pray-
ing. I got closer up to the tiny house.
In a quavering tone he was going
through some of the prayers of the
Church Service. I pictured him, perhaps
an old Anglican with his wife and possibly
a grown-up daughter or grand-daughter
by his side. He stopped. Then he struck
up, “O happy day that fixed my choice,”
and it had sufficient magnetic power to
make me want to sing' it with him.
I went to the back of the house and up
the stairs. I knocked at the outer door
but got no reply. But I wanted to join
in the hymn. I knocked at the door
but got no reply. I knocked at the lattice
inner door. Still no reply. I never
wanted to sing a hymn so badly in my
life, so I pushed open the flimsy door and
walked in.
The old man was alone. At least there
was nobody Else there to be seen. A clean
little room with bamboo couch and tiny
table on which was an open Bible, a
prayer-book, almost in pieces, and a
linen-backed hymn-book. The old man
looked up.
What did the tall, strange white man
want? To buy an egg perhaps, or some
yams ? That was not the time. “ I am
at prayer,” he said severely in the voice
of one not to be disturbed.
“I heard you,” I replied, “and I’ve
come in to ask you to let me join you in
your hymn. I can sing ‘ O happy day,’
too.”
“You sing, too?” he said, his eyes
shining ; and we sang it together. You
won’t laugh, will you? I wonder what
some of our organists at home would have
thought of it. But we weren’t singing
for them.
“You pray, sah,” he said. Very natur-
ally he remained in charge. I did as I
was told. Then he started to chant the
Lord’s Prayer. I joined in as best I
could. “Now the grace,” he said, and I
pronounced the benediction.
Then he told me he had been a car-
penter, had been to Nigeria with a British
officer, had come home to his native land
to end his days. He lived quite alone.
I asked him what mission he belonged to.
He said the “United Methodist.” “What
you, sah? ” I told him “Wesleyan Meth-
odist.” “Why, that’s all the same, sah,”
he said triumphantly, and the handshake
I got was about fifty times as hearty
as the average handshake of a Salleonian.
“Me a Local Preacher, sah,” he said,
and fumbled for a plan. Adding regret-
fully : “Too old now to take appoint-
ments.”
“Very glad I am you came in, sah. . .
We shall meet again, sah. . . When our
day’s work is done.” This followed me
as I went down the steps, the old man
beaming at the top.
Can you imagine how I walked for the
next ten minutes of the way? I had had
a week of accounts and ledgers of cash-
books and balance sheets.* I had also
been sickened that morning as I read in a
Government pamphlet of the pagan, ig-
norant, moral laxity in the Mendi hinter-
land.
God in His great goodness that morn-
ing let me see another and a brighter side
to the picture.
(From “The Foreign Field,” by
permission.)
-?•
They Call Me Strong.!
They call me strong, because my tears I
shed where none may see ;
Because I smile, tell merry tales, and win
the crowds to me ;
They call me strong because I laugh,
to ease my aching heart,
Because I keep the sweet side out and
hide the bitter part :
But, O, could they who call me strong,
live but an hour with me
When I am wrung with grief, in my
Gethsemane 1
They call me strong because I toil from
early morn till late,
Well knowing there will be no smile to
meet me at the gate.
They call me strong, because I hide an
inward pain with jest
And drive away the care that comes un-
bidden to my breast.
Perhaps ’tis strength — God knoweth
best; He sent the cares to me !
And His—not mine—the strength that
keeps through my Gethsemane.
* Mr. Sowton was a member of an embassy from the
Wesleyan Mission House to audit and systematize the
accounts of the West African districts.
+ Appeared in the ‘‘Sunderland Echo" some twenty
years ago. Rev. Cuthbert Ellison desires to find the
name of author.
12


The Observatory.
THE EDITOR.
Reminiscence.
HIS magazine has now been in exist-
ence for thirty years, and has only
had two editors : the late Rev. J.
Kirsop for twelve years and the writer
for eighteen. It is a certificate of the good
temper and generous appreciation of our
readers that in all the latter'period there
have been only three complaints ; while
what we call “unsolicited tributes” have
been wonderfully numerous. These are
not permitted to occupy our precious
space, but are placed at the foot of
the monthly advertisement in our ever-
helpful contemporary, the “ United
Methodist. ”
When, in 1906, we commenced our edi-
torial work, the late Henry T. Chapman
was writing the monthly notes from the
Mission House. With the beginning of
1908 our present Secretary commenced
his contributions, and with the exception
of a few months when away as Deputa-
tion to the field, they have been continued
without intermission. His writings have
ever been marked by fitness, variety, and
vitality. Our comradeship has been in-
spirational and unalloyed for these sixteen
years. To know him is to trust and
esteem him.
Expectation.
We do not wonder that the Secretary
should eagerly phrase his desire for a
great increase of income in 1924. The
Secretary of the Presbyterian Church of
England thus spoke in issuing his latest
appeal for Thanksgiving week :
“The division of Christians into two
classes, those who deny themselves, and
those who refuse to do so, has no warrant
in the teaching of Christ. Self-denial is not
an optional extra in the covenant of the soul
with its Lord, but is of the essence of the
contract : Self-denial! Do you ask at
what point it becomes unreasonable?
At what stage does it become quixo-
tic, fantastic? The fields, white unto
harvest, suggest that there is no such point
or stage.”
Dr. Candlin.
We asked our good friend for his great
speech at Conference as soon as we heard
of it, and we regret that we have not been
able to insert it till now—through pressure
on our space. We commend it to the
careful study of our readers. (P. 5.)
Dr. and Mrs. Keevill.
It will be remembered that in October
we recorded the offer of one of o.ur young
men of Bristol to' the Moravian Mission-
ary Society, as a medical man. He, and
his wife, have gone to Sikongo, Central
East Africa. They sailed September 7th,
and we are able to report their safe arrival.
Also, by the kindness of the Secretary of
Moravian. Missions, to show their photo-
graphs.
Roses in January.
The Rev. Cuthbert Ellison has issued,
through our Publishing House, a booklet
called “December Roses.” It was sent to
Dr. A. J. Keevill, M.B., Ch.B.. M.R.C.S..
L.R.C.P., Diploma in Tropical Medicine.
Mrs. Keevili.
13


Kenya Colony
us just too late to be reviewed in our issue
for that month. We commend it heartily,
and a specimen poem is chosen from it for
the Prayer Union column on page 4.
Idiosyncrasy.
A gleaning from a letter.
“There is a charming simplicity about
the Chinese. Even their roguery is
simple in a way. Their prayers are very
Empire and Missions.
The following passages from a new book
are, in view of Sir Charles Lucas’s high
standing as an historian of empire, of rather
unusual interest.
ECAUSE Livingstone, with his
breadth of view and strong common
sense, advocated commerce and in-
tercourse, it must not for a moment be
thought that he was unmindful of his
missionary calling. To the end he was
a missionary in the best and highest
sense. If ever a man literally walked
with God, it was Livingstone. No other
African explorer won to the same extent
as Livingstone the love and admiration
of the natives. He could not have gone
where he went or achieved what he did
without their good will. Even the Arabs,
or some of them, were good to him. He
went year after year through wild Africa
and among wild Africans with his Bible ;
he died kneeling at prayer ; his native
boys read the Burial Service, embalmed
his body as best they could, and carried
it with his few belongings for hundreds
of miles to the coa‘st to be taken home.
Is there any record elsewhere in travel of
so great a tribute of loving faithfulness ?
* Livingstone,’ said his friend Sir Bartie
Frere, ‘ was intellectually and morally as
perfect a man as it has ever been my
fortune to meet, one who formed vast
diesigns for the good of mankind and
placed his hopes of achieving them in no
earthly power.’ Is it wonderful that a
man of this type, coming when he did,
and uniting behind him the forces of
religion, of philanthropy, of science, and
love of adventure, carried forward, almost
with a rush, the final' stages in the open-
ing up of Africa?”
“ Missionaries and their work should be
held in high admiration, especially in con-
direct and free from emphasis, but Pastor
said this morning :
“Thou knowest, Lord, that our
President got his office by bribery. He
has never been much good. Grant that
he may see the evil of his ways and
repent.”
In what other country could you have
a public prayer like that? ”
nection with Africa. At all points they
have laboured, in the main with singular
success. To the various missionary bodies
is due the advancement, industrial as well
as spiritual, of the native races of
Africa.”
“The War has been no respecter of
colour and in so far has worked for racial
equality. What the War has done brutally
and in haste to increase knowledge and to
engender a spirit of equality, missionary
effort and education have long been doing
in a better way. The tenets of Chris-
tianity are radically opposed to discrimi-
nation of race, class or colour ; they have
for their fundamental basis equality in
the sight of God. As Blake puts it :
‘ My mother bore me in the southern wild,.
And I am black, but, oh, my soul is white.’’
From “The Partition and Colonization
of Africa,” by Sir Charles. Lucas,.
K.C.B., K.C.M.G. Oxford Uni-
versity Press.
Kenya Colony.
It is proposed, says the “Times,” to
put in hand at once the extension of the
Uganda railway, so as to give a through
route from Mombasa to the Nile. The
Kenya Government is anxious to continue
its present railway to the Uganda frontier,
while the Uganda Government is equally
desirous of completing the proposed ex-
tension to Jinja, which is situated on the
Nile at the point where it issues from the
Victoria Nyanza. It will give a direct
rail-route between Uganda and Mombasa,
and also open up undeveloped cotton fields
and native reserves.
We have made enquiries, and reg'ret to
find that the proposed extension will not
go anywhere near our Meru Mission.
14


A Book
About Japan.
FOR YOUNG FOLK.
Rev. J. E. MACKINTOSH.
THE harrowing accounts of the
destruction and ruin wrought by
the recent earthquake in Japan
have awakened long dormant sympathies
for the gifted and progressive residents
of those islands. Strained relations be-
tween the United States and Japan and
our Government’s plan for a naval base
at Sing'apore had awakened fears of
future conflict in the Far East. This
disaster, leading, as it has done, to an
awakening of brotherly feeling, may well
mark the turning of the tide.
Coming at such a time, this little book,
“Leaves from a Japanese Calendar,”
issued by the Women’s Missionary So'-
ciety of the United Lutheran Church in
America, is full of interest.
It tells how a Japanese family became
interested in Christianity, and found,
through faith in Jesus, entrance into a
new and richer life. The good work
began with the baby girl Tomeko, who,
when six years old, was sent to the Chris-
tian Kindergarten. Later, the mother
went, just to see what interested her child
so much. Later still, the grandmother
became interested. Then the elder boy
Taro, who meant to be strong and brave
as a tiger and become a soldier like his
father some day. Lastly, the grandfather
became interested ; and the book closes
not without hope that the soldier father
will be won over.
And there are such intriguing glimpses
of Japanese life in the book. Did you
know, for instance, the poetry in the
Japanese Calendar? January is the Month
of the Pine, February the month of the
Plum, March of the Peach, April of the
Cherry-blossom, May of the Wistaria,
June of the Iris, July of the Morning
Glories, August of the Lotus, September
of the Seven Grasses, October of the
Maple, November of the Chrysanthemum,
and December of the Camellia.
You have heard of the stately Japanese
manners. Taro, the tiger, who means to
be a soldier like his father, greets his
mother on New Year’s Day thus : “ I have
been a great trouble to you all this past
year, but I hope you will continue to ex-
tend to me your kindness during the New
Year.” His grandmother had taught him
that. And they were all saying that kind
of thing to each other all the day.
And what about this for the boys? It
is a cold morning. Taro is wearing three
kimonos instead of two. “It is four
kimonos cold to-day,” he says. “Not
for a boy,” says Grandmother sternly.
“ Boys must be strong and brave. Look
at the plum-blossoms budding out in the
snow. They are the symbol for the
Japanese.”
Here is a bit about the discomforts of
the rainy season. “The mats felt damp
and soggy. Food had a mouldy taste.
Grandfather’s back ached. Grandmother
lay in her bed most of the time. Mother
and the maids were kept busy drying
things out, and wiping mildew off clothes
and walls every day.”
Here is a human touch. When their
lovable man-servant Hirata had to leave
them, they all felt very sorry. “Tomeko-
(the little girl) cried because he could not
pull her to Kindergarten in the shiny
jinricksha any more. Taro cried too, until
he remembered to be like a tiger. Then
he was cross for the rest of the day.”
Here is a picture of the Candy Man,
who “not only made the candy there
right before the children’s popping eyes,
but blew into each piece till it was hol-
low, and then by blowing some more
made it into all sorts of pretty shapes.
Birds, animals, tops, balls, dolls and
balloons appeared as if by magic. The
boys and girls had only to give their
orders and they got just what they
wanted.”
And did you know that in Japan they
“Spring Clean” in October, and that the-
policeman comes round afterwards to see
that it is well done? If it is not well
done, there is no certificate of cleanliness
to place on your front gate. Our women
might not like that, but our boys would
surely sympathise with Taro, when he
said crossly, “ I shall bathe when I
please, not when a girl tells me I am
dirty.”
Whoever would know more of this book
may obtain it for fifty cents from the
Women’s Missionary Society, 844 Drexel
Building, Philadelphia.
15



A Cabinet Minister on Missions
Bookland.
Smith of Demerara.*
I have just taken down a volume from
my shelves which I have prized ever since
I bought it in 1894. It is called “The
Demerara Martyr. Memoirs of the Rev.
John Smith, by Edwin Angel Wallbridge,
with a preface by the Rev. W. G. Bar-
rett.” It was published in 1848. An
article thereon appeared in this magazine
in March, 1921. I refer to the book
mainly to record that the author made a
quotation on his title-page from Milton.
“There will one day be a resurrection of
names and reputations, as certainly as of
bodies.”
In this year of grace this prophecy has
been once more fulfilled, for the L.M.S.
have asked Mr. David Chamberlain
(Editor of the magazine kindred to this—
the “ Chronicle ”) to write a sketch of this
hero, who preceded the renowned John
Williams in his martyrdom by fifteen
years.
It is done right well, and we advise our
readers to purchase it. There is an appre-
ciative preface by Sir Sydney Olivier,
K.C.M.G., C.B., from which we quoted
last month. (P. 229.)
“Everyland for boys and girls.”t Our
Baptist friends publish “Wonderlands”
as their children’s missionary magazine.
They claim that “it is the modern repre-
sentative of the first missionary magazine
for children published in Great Britain.”
Perhaps our historians will g'et busy. This
book is not the bound volume of “Won-
derlands,” but the best of the monthly
issues is retained in the volume, the purely
ephemeral references being omitted.
It is a handsome well-illustrated volume
of 190 pp., and owes much to the editor-
ship of Mr. W. E. Cule, as in the case
above the editor of the missionary
monthly issued by the Mission House. It
is also, under obligation to' the Carey
Press for its embellishment and produc-
tion. It is just splendid for a prize. By
the by, the title trespasses a little on the
Bible Society’s children’s monthly, “For
Every Land.”
To their missionary books for young
people Messrs. Seely, Service and Co.,
have added—
* By David Chamber ain ; Is, net.
I Edited by Mr. W. E. Cule ; 3s. 6d. net.
“Hannington of Africa.”
“Pennell of the Indian Frontier.”
“Judson of Burma.”
Nigel B. M. Graham writes the first and
second and Norman J. Davidson, B.A.,
third.
Well suited for missionary rewards,
3s. fid. each.
From the Carey Press we have received
“Five pounds down,” by Kathleen M.
Bell. 2s.
A happy story of how a boy determined
to' raise the deficiency in the missionary
income in a certain church, and how it
proved the truth set in gold by Mrs.
Browning : “ Thou shalt be served thyself
by every sense of service that thou ren-
d erest.”
A capital missionary prize.
A Cabinet Minister on Missions.
Mr. F. S. Malan, the acting Prime Minister
of the Union of South Africa, has been on
tour in the Cape Colony (autumn, 1923), and
at a meeting at King Williamstown paid a
great tribute to the work of the missionaries.
“We have not realised sufficiently,” he
said, “that the work the missionaries are
doing is part and parcel of the ordinary
administration of the country. I have
come to the conclusion that the work of
the missionary should be recognised as
part of the uplifting of the native races
and part of the administration necessary
to maintain law and order. Where mis-
sionaries are concerned, the use of force
is never, or very rarely, required, and
that is because of the missionaries. We
(i.e., the white race) are able to govern
millions of natives, not by physical force,
not by policemen or soldiers, but by the
moral force which civilization and the
example and influence of white men can
give. It is for the reason that I think
that the principles inculcated by the mis-
sionaries, which are based not on physical
force, but on obedience to moral prin-
ciples and the principles of Christianity,
should be supported, that I urge you to
recognise those principles and encourage
them. We should see that the relations
which exist between the administration
of the country and the missionaries and
their work are co-ordinated so that they
can work together for the one great aim
—salvation of the State.”
16


Francois
Coillard.*
HIS will be regarded as a missionary
I classic. Mr. Shillito has a fine story
* to tell, and he tells it finely. There
is distinction of style even in chapter titles,
the litterateur’s sense of the meaning and
music of words, and, withal, a sustained
and throbbing interest in the romance of
Christian enterprise in dark and difficult
fields. If anyone had forecasted the career
of “tender, sensitive, shrinking, little
Coillard,” he would scarcely have pictured
him playing the part of the fearless
traveller or the courageous challenger of
African chieftains and kings. Yet this was
the ministry to which this young French-
man was called ; in Basutoland first of all,
and afterwards among the Barotse. We
can understand the pride of the Paris
Evangelical Missionary Society in the ser-
vant it was their honour to train.
We cannot recount the story of the book
in a review—it would not be honest jour-
nalism. Readers must not fail to secure
the volume for themselves. The pub-
lishers—to whom, as to the author, we are
sincerely grateful—disappoint us in one
matter. The only portrait they present is
of Coillard, taken after forty years’ ser-
vice on the mission field. We should like
to have seen other portraits and scenes
too—the face of “Mother Kindness,” as
she stepped out of her cottage home at
Asni&res to go to labour for her fatherless
Francois among the vines, and the por-
traits of M. Arnie Bost, the minister of
the French Protestant Church of the
village and his daughter Marie — es-
pecially the photo of Marie. Every-
body adored Marie. They called her
“Mademoiselle le pasteur.” Yet the
things she did seem hardly worth talking
about. She arranged meetings for young
people, taught them songs, decked the
Christmas tree, but everythng was done
in such a way that love shone through the
least things, radiating warmth and joy.
Then we should have welcomed a portrait
of Christina Mackintosh, Coillard’s wife,
“a charming and radiant being,” who
joined him in Africa in January, 1861, and
with whom he enjoyed thirty years of
“perfect fellowship.” Like her husband,
*Fran9ois Coillard: A wayfaring man. By Edward Shillito
(Student Christian Movement, 51- net).
A Review.
Rev. E. F. H. CAPEY.
Christina was a great reader. Wander
where they would and with a minimum of
luggage, “they were never without
books.” During one of their treks to-
wards the Zambesi, through regions
where there were many wild beasts and
creeping things of the earth to' dread, they
read together “in their moments of
leisure” Carlyle’s Frederick the Great!
We are not keen about the portrait of the
apostate Molapo, chief of Leribe, in
Basutoland ; but we should have been
grateful for a glance at the face of
Lewanika, king of the Barotse, not be-
cause we admire him, but because Coillard
watched for his soul with such persistent
earnestness and unwavering hope. Le-
wanika was about thirty-five when he and
Coillard first met—“strong, well-built, in-
telligent, with prominent eyes, and pendu-
lous lower lip ; his clothing the skins of
small wild animals, attached in bundles
round his loins ”—so perhaps we can hang
up in the chamber of imagery our own
picture of the man. He and his people
were the most polished persons in the
world. “They stole ; they killed ; they
lied ; but their manners were charming.”
Among the crowd of notabilities who came
to England in June, 1902, to pay homage
at the Coronation of Edward the Seventh
was this king of the Barotse. What a
perfect gentleman ! With what grace
and ease and dignity he carried himself !
Heathen born, he remained heathen to the
end.
Coillard died at Lealui on 27th May,
1904. “His last look on earth was upon
a scene of failure, still unredeemed. The
far horizon was radiant, the near wrapped
in mist.” In 1921 there was an assembly
of the Barotse—two thousand in number
—with the representatives of the British
Protectorate and the merchants ; the King
Litia, who is a Christian, was presenting
to the assembly the new Prime Minister.
Amongst other things he said :
If we have not perished, to whom do we
owe it To the missionaries. . . . That
which is important for us to do above all
things is to hold fast to the gift which has
saved us, the Gospel of God.”
They say that Coillard’s life-story is the
story of a heroic failure ; it is rather the
story of a deferred and glorious success.
17


Mrs. J. B. BROOKS, B.Litt.
The President’s New Year
Message.
IN the “Life of Samuel Pollard,” in ex-
tracts of letters to his son in England,
occurs a phrase, arresting and
striking. It is, “Plan for the Future,”
and I am sure if that great missionary
were alive now, he would feel it to be a
good New Year’s message to, all our
W.M.A. members.
Mary Slessor, writing to! the women at
home, said, “ Gird yourself for the battle
outside, somewhere, and keep your heart
young. Give up your whole being to-
create music everywhere, in the light
places, and in the dark places, and your
life will make melody.”
Standing at a station a year or so ago,
I saw on a saloon carriage of a train for
the North, “Rotary—Edinburgh.” The
name was comparatively new in England,
and new to- me. But when I learned its
significance—“ Service—not Self,” and
realized that all over our world, business
men were making this their motto, I felt,
the Kingdom of God is coming in many
ways.
Women of our W. M.A., plan for the
future of that Kingdom !
“Gird yourselves.”
Make “Service, not Self,” your motto,
and you shall see the whole world at the
feet of Christ—transfigured—glorified.
Lovingly yours,
Laura Rounsefell.
Moving Pictures in Miao Land.
Mrs. H. Parsons.
Writing from Stone Gateway Mrs.
Parsons says :
Last week, while Mr. Parsons was
attending Quarterly meeting in the city,
Keith, Kenneth, and I, took a short trip.
We reached the first Miao village. It
was muddy. You at home can scarcely
imagine it, or the state of a Miao house
in the summer months, with thousands
of flies, thick dust everywhere, and clouds
of smoke from the cooking of food. Net
caring for things indoors the twins went
out to explore, and one of them must
needs slip right into the mud just out-
side the house.
After the evening meal we held a ser-
vice with the magic-lantern. Many of
the people had not seen the pictures be-
fore. With their help we were able to
make the Gospel message more real and
plain to these simple country folk.
The climax was reached when we threw
Mr. Pollard’s photo on the screen.
“If only he would speak toi us.”
“Teacher, will our sinfulness prevent
us from going to the Father-Mother’s
home above with Mr. Pollard ? ”
Mothers were telling their little children
how fond Mr. Pollard was of the children.
1 hey talked on and on—not a very or-
derly meeting perhaps, but very thrilling
for anyone who could understand what
was being said. “He being dead yet
speaketh,” is very true of Mr. Pollard.
In this village is one poor woman who
is doubled right up and is gradually being
eaten away by a terrible disease. I went
alone to see her and we had prayer to-
gether. She sits on a piece of board on
the floor, and is only able to> move her
hands to drive away the Hies which tor-
ture her.
“ I should like toi hang myself and end
this misery, but would our Heavenly
Father want me if I did? I so much want
to go to Heaven, because my girlie,
whose name was ‘ Barley Flower,’ is
there, and I want to be with her. Thank
you so much for letting me see your face
before I die. I do wish I had some eggs
and something else I could give you.”
How pathetic the sight was ! She has
been ill ever since I first saw her nearly
twenty years ago, and has been suffering
a living death. The Gospel came too
late to save her from the penalty of sinful
living.
18


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
On our way to1 our next stopping' place
we staved for lunch in a small village, and
looked up some of the women who have
not been to service very regularly of late.
A heavy storm made the rest of the jour-
ney uncomfortable. Before the friends
gathered for evening service we climbed
to the top of the hill, from which we
could see a distance of many days’ jour-
ney. Range after range of hills stretched
away, and the native preachers pointed
out the places I did not recognise. We
could see a chapel here, another there,
until we discovered there were chapels
right around us. Twenty-five years ago'
there was only one chapel in Chao Tong,
and none in the district. Now in each
direction, some one day, some two days’
up to eight days’ journey from where we
stood there are places of worship—Miao,
Nosu, River Miao, and Chinese. And
connected with each there are those who
have a living faith in our Risen Lord. I
think I must have felt a little of the thrill
which Moses felt when he stood on
Pisgah. One day all these mountains
shall be filled, yes, filled, with
the glory of God as the waters
cover the sea.
During the past twenty-five
years much has been done, but
there remaineth much land to1 be
possessed.”
Our heartiest greetings to the
many friends who prav and
labour for that Day.
“ The Power of the
Evangel.”
By Nurse Raine.
A short time ago' the four
children of Mr. Yang—the
school master at the Boys’
School, Chao Tong — had
measles. The youngest, a fine
baby boy of about six months
old, became worse, and I
was asked to go to see the
child. I found him so ill that I
summoned Dr. Wang, who said
his condition was very serious
as broncho - pneumonia had
supervened, but that all pos-
sible was being done. I did not
leave him again, and he died in
my arms about dawn the next
morning.
The poor parents were greatly upset,
but bravely determined to' devote them-
selves to their other three children, and
try not to grieve too much about the little
one, who had gone to' be with Jesus, the
Friend of little children.
The next day I went to* Stone Gateway,
and was absent three days. On my re-
turn I learned that Mrs. Yang’s next
youngest child—a boy of two—was now
dangerously ill. I hurried across and
scarcely left his side again. Everything
possible was done by doctor and mission-
aries, and the little patient himself, but
on the third night he too> passed away,
exactly a week after his brother. How
were the parents to stand this shock?
Two boys in one week? Sons are very
precious in China. Mr. Yang had always
been a happy Christian, his smiling face
brightening up our Sunday School, which
he conducted every Sunday—and we all
wondered how he would behave. For a
few days he did not smile. He did SO'
miss the little fellow who' used to call
him from school when his meals were
Mrs. Brooks. Publication Secretary (wife of the
Rev. J. B. Brooks). Elected June. 1923.
19


For Young Folk
ready, and who would never sit down for
his until “ Daddy ” came. And the wee
baby, too, who was just beginning' to'
know him. So for a few days we missed
his smile, but the next time he conducted
the Sunday School it was there. Such a
brave smile—that brought a lump to the
throat and tears toi the eyes of those who
knew his tragedy. His bravery has been
a lesson to many. His wife, too, is great.
Their other two children, a boy and a
girl, are old enough to go* to' school each
day, so the mother is left alone with very
little to do now that she has noi babies to
care for. For a few days she gave way
to grief and nothing seemed to touch her.
She was suffering, too, from the strain
of nursing and lack of sleep. Mrs. Hicks
was a real friend and went to see her
every day. At last she persuaded Mrs.
Yang to- come out visiting with her. Now
Mrs. Yang- goes out each week with Mrs.
Hicks preaching, and often speaks at
Mrs. Hicks’ class. “Because, you see,”
she says, “I have plenty of time now.”
No English mother could have been
braver, I feel sure. How can one help
loving such women ?
This incident made a great impression
on me. With all our skill and care we
could not save these little ones, though
God knows we did our best. Then the
evangel came, and made a brave man
and woman out of a distracted father and
a grief-stricken mother.
For Young Folk.
Li Shuang Mei and the Birds.
O you remember Shuang Mei? Of
course you do I When she was in
England, she was so kind to you
all, and even now, she often talks about
you, and says she would like to see you
all again. I’m sure you sometimes won-
der how she is, and what she is doing, so
I thought I would write and tell you how
vcrv kind she has been to the birds.
One day, while walking along the
street, Shuang saw a bov behaving very
cruelly towards a tiny bird. The boy
had tied a long string to the little crea-
ture’s leg, and each time the bird flew
up, the boy would pull it back again.
When Shuang saw how the poor little
thing endeavoured to get free, she felt
indignant, and asked him if he would sell
it her. He consented to do- this, for the
amount he had paid for it, so, when she
had given him the money, she untied the
string from the birdie’s leg, that he might
soar away. But it flew only a tiny dis-
tance, because it was so wounded, and so-
tired, so1 that Shuang picked it up again,
and nourished and cared for it for a few-
days, until it could rejoin its friends.
Outside our home stands a very tall
tree, in the branches of which some
kestrels had built their nest. One day, a
baby kestrel fell out of the nest. Shuang
looked at the baby bird. It was such a
poor, helpless little thing', and it had had
such a nasty big fall. She wondered if
the mother bird would seek it, find it, and
bear it to the nest again, sa she left the
little bird lying there, hoping that the
mother would come. But day wore into
evening, and still the mother-laird did not
come, so Shuang made a nest from a
waste-paper basket, and put the wounded
unwanted bird in it. Since that time she
has been feeding it daily, and now, the
baby kestrel has grown into- a big bird.
Last week, we were standing in the
garden, when our attention was suddenly
directed to a sparrow, which was making
many vain efforts to fly. Shuang imme-
diately took the wee thing in her hand,
and discovered it had become hopelessly
entangled by a spider’s web. The fine
threads were spun around one wing and
the legs of the sparrow, so> that it could
scarcely move. Very carefully, Shuang*
untangled the thread, and released the
bird, so that it flew joyfully away.
That night Shuang had a dream, and in-
it lots and lots of birds, with all kinds
of illnesses and pains, came to her to be
healed. “We have heard,” they said,
“that you are kind to birds, and that you
can heal ,us when our bodies ache, when
we cannot fly, and when our hearts are
anxious. Will you heal us now?” and'
then the Mother Kestrel came, and said,
“Thank vou, thank you, for looking*
after my baby.”
“Are not two sparrows sold for a
farthing?” asked Jesus, “yet not one of
them shall fall unless your Father wills-
it.”
I think the Father must have told
Shuang to look after those little birds,
don’t you?
A. A. L. Barwick.
20


“ If you do not write in your own
life-blood, you write in water.”
—Gerald Bullett.
Jottings from a Rev
Note-book. w. k hudspeth, b.a.
E left home this morning with the
call of the hills in our hearts.
For four months I have been
shut up in the city. It is a new experi-
ence to me and one which will take a long
time to learn to appreciate. Ever and
anon there comes the call of a thousand
hills on which are dotted pretty little Miao
hamlets, where a welcome always awaits
the missionary. We love these villages,
for they are small islands of Christianity
set in the midst of an ocean of darkness.
The azure sky is cloud-flecked, shadows
chase one another, and the sun is shim-
mering on the hills, which are robed in
purple, brown and green, and bedecked
with richly coloured flowers and pretty
ferns. A lark (called by the Chinese “the
heavenly
song ster ”)
soars in the
air pouring'
out his full
heart
“ In profuse
strains of
u n premedi-
tated art ” ;
a d e s o late
hawk rests on
a crag and
f r o w ningiy
looks round ;
small birds
are twitter-
ing in the
trees; the
long, deep
call of a
thrush is
heard ; a squirrel furtively steals across
the goat track along which we amble.
In the valleys fruit is ripening . â–  .
pears, peaches, plums, apricots, wal-
nuts and the friendly apple. But it
is from these great hills that we Yun-
nan missionaries draw our greatest in-
spirations. Here one hears the voice of
silence, and stern solitude is companion-
able.
As I ride along, my horse-boy regales
me with strange stories. Noticing that
in many places the ears of oats were being
eaten by a small, dark-coloured cater-
pillar, I asked my boy why these cater-
pillars were not killed. The damage they
do is considerable. He tells me that to
kill them brings bad luck. The people are
[W. H. Hudspeth
February. 1924.


Jottings from a Note-book
so stupidly superstitious about these pests
that at times rather than kill them they
lose a great part of their crops. He re-
marked that even the birds did not eat
these caterpillars. When, however, they
become too numerous, God sends a larger
species of caterpillar which quickly kills
the pests, and when these larger cater-
pillars commence their work, the birds,
too, commence to eat these destructive in-
sects. It is related how a woman once
took the risk of killing a number of these
larvee, but heaven punished her daring
spirit. While weeding she placed her babe
on the ground some little distance from
her. On returning to feed the child she
found him covered with the caterpillars.
She snatched him up and hurried to the
river to wash them off. Alas ! As she
did this, lightning struck her and both
she and the child were killed. Thus was
she punished, they say, for having killed
the caterpillars.
We passed a grave which had been
destroyed, and of this a weird story is
told. Many years ago an old Moham-
medan died. After much discussion he
was buried at the foot of a small hill some
four miles distant from his native village.
When the funeral was over, and the burial
completed, everything in the village
seemed to go wrong. . . the dogs
stopped barking, the hens! stopped laying
eggs, and the cocks stopped crowing. It
was clear that something had affected the
“feng-shui” of the village (a word used
by the Chinese for “luck ”). There were
happenings of a most startling nature. At
times without any warning there was
heard the sound of many voices, and of
the blowing of trumpets, and of the clang-
ing of cymbals. Hastening to their doors
people could see dozens of spirits with
flags, trumpets and cymbals marching up
the valley, and those people who were
brave enough to followi discovered that
the spirits disappeared into the grave of
the old Mohammedan. A geomancer
was brought who with his geomantic
paraphernalia searched the hills. As was
anticipated, he made the distressing dis-
covery that the grave had been dug in the
wrong place, and that it destroyed the
good influences which hitherto had come
to the village down the valley. After
many counsels had been held, the grave
was demolished, but lo! on the following
day it was fully restored. Again it was
demolished, and once more it was
mysteriously restored. Then the geo-
mancer proved his power. He had made
a large copper nail, and this was driven
into the middle of the hill to> nail down all
the evil influences. The secret had been
discovered ; the grave was not again dis-
turbed ; once more good influences flowed
down the valley ; the dogs barked ; the
hens clucked ; the cocks crowed, and all
went well with the village.
A man called me by name, and asked
where I was going. It was necessary to
look at him twice before I recognised who
had called me. He was once a school
boy with us . . a bright, pure-faced
boy who learned our hymns and under-
stood something of our teaching .
a boy whom we readily loved. Now, how
different I He has taken to opium, that
cursed drug of the East, and it has worked
its vile marks upon his face. The thin
lips, the bent brow, the drawn, sallow
cheek, the sunken eye, told a story that
is becoming alarmingly frequent here.
He made me think of a delicate flower that
had been crushed carelessly. I ambled
on thinking of that story about the
driving out of one devil and the coming
back of seven. A tragedy of our work is
that we are too few to shepherd the
sheep. We are compelled to leave them
in the wilderness. I wonder if it is right
for a Church to teach men the wrongness
of their ways, to destroy their belief, and
not to put anything in its place, or,
rather, not to lay firmly the foundation of
a new belief. Our inability as a Church
to do' this is an intense disappointment.
In Yunnan we have a field of tremendous
opportunities and of extraordinary poten-
tialities, but I fear our Church has not
the courage to- develop it. This is true
of North, East and West China. I blame
myself for failing to make the people at
home see the vision which brought me to'
China. If we missionaries could give you
the vision, our workers would be doubled,
and the sheep would be shepherded. “ My
sheep wandered through all the moun-
tains, and upon every high hill : yea, my
sheep were scattered upon all the face of
the earth ; and there was none that did
search or seek after them.”
Two' sacred trees were pointed out to
me. There was little to' distinguish them
from other trees, though I noticed that
they were the best and straightest trees
22


Jottings from a Note-book
on a hill that has been almost denuded.
In the springtime the Ibien (Nosh) offer
oblations of wine to these trees. Their
help is invoked to protect the newly-sown
maize and corn from every kind of harm
—cold, frost, hail. A good harvest is
besought, and the simple ceremony is
ended. In the O.T. sacred trees play an
important part. We are told that Abra-
ham planted a sacred tree in Beersheba.
It was under an oak at Shechem that
Jacob hid his treasures ; it was under an
oak that Gideon met the angel of the
Lord and there built an altar. Without
its sacred tree no Canaanite high place
was complete. Strange how men turn
instinctively to the unseen. You cannot
separate man and God. On the crest of
a hill I descried a small temple built to
the spirits of the earth. It was small,
carelessly and rudely built with a thatched
roof. Within were three ugly mud idols
covered with dust and cobwebs. The
ears of one were broken and the nose of
a second. Yet the Chinese farmers of
the neighbourhood pray to these gods and
of them entreat good harvests.
The services to-day (Sunday) have been
rather wonderful. We are in a back-
wood Miao village where life goes on
much as it did five hundred years ago.
At the seven o’clock prayer-meeting this
morning 193 people were present, and at
the mid-day service there were 607. At
the close of this meeting we observed the
Sacrament of the Lord’s Supper. Over
four hundred members partook of it. We
used common, inexpensive earthenware
cups, tea (in place of wine), and buck-
wheat cake ; nevertheless men realized
that the buckwheat meant that His body
was broken for them and the cup meant
that the new covenant was ratified by His
blood.
A woman has come to ask the mission-
ary to pray for her. Three of her kid-
dies have died, and she is sorely troubled.
Prayer is offered, and the woman goes
away with a new hope, a strengthened
faith, a peace which only our religion
gives. We have explained to her that
her little ones will be all right, as they are
with the Father, whose heart is so tender
that He feeds the sparrow and clothes the
lily.
We turn up and read that strong Psalm
—the 46th.
God is our refuge and strength.
A very present help in trouble.
Therefore will we not fear,, though the
earth do change,
And though the mountains be moved in
the heart of the seas.
There is a river, the streams whereof make
glad the city of God.
That river has flowed to the ends of the
earth, it has flowed to West China .
a pure river of water of life . . and
on either side of the river, was there the
tree of life . . and the leaves of the
tree were for the healing of the nations.
Blessings abound where’er He reigns ;
The prisoner leaps to lose his chains ;
The weary find eternal rest;
And all the sons of want are blest.
Ah, yes ! in spite of all our difficulties
and disappointments, we are glad to be
in Yunnan.
My journey is ended. I close my note-
book and cry you farewell.
A Dartmoor rill. [A drawing by Rev. L. H. Court.
23


From the
Mission House.
Rev.
C. STEDEFORD.
The Rev. W. Last month I stated that
Eddon. Mr. Eddon had been ob-
liged to go to Peking for
medical examination and probably for an
operation. He was found to be in a
critical condition and an immediate opera-
tion was necessary. This was performed
on Thursday, November 22nd. He came
through the operation very well, and for
a few days appeared to be making satis-
factory progress. Then came a set-back,
and for some days his condition was most
critical, and the doctors were very
anxious. Still more anxious were his
watching wife and his colleagues. For-
tunately, Mr. Eddon was in the hands of
experts, and by God’s good grace he was
brought safely through the period of ex-
treme weakness and reaction. Both. Mr.
and Mrs. Eddon testify to being wonder-
fully sustained as they passed through
this furnace of affliction. Mr. Eddon has
never been too’ robust, but until recent
years he has not been hampered by ill
health, and could steadily pursue his
Rev. J. B. Nichols.
At College in Manchester, 1887-90; commenced his
ministry the latter year in Sierra Leone, and has
faithfully fulfilled its conditions ever since. Born
July 8th, 1863.
work. Once fully recovered from the
effects of this operation, there is good
reason to hope that he will be much
stronger than he has been for a long time.
It is with profound thankfulness to God
that we are able to report the preserva-
tion of our esteemed brother, and we pray
for him and his wife growing strength
and success in the service they love. •
Rev. J. B. Rev. J. B. Nichols, the
Nichols. veteran among our West
African ministry (whose
portrait the editor shows) has been spend-
ing six months in England on account of
his health. He arrived last August, and
has spent his time in London and Brigh-
ton in order to receive the services of Dr.
A. E. Cope and a specialist, Dr. Parsons
Smith, and at the same time benefit by
the bracing air at the seaside. Under the
treatment of these eminent men he has
made a remarkable recovery, and, we
hope, has gained a long lease of life and
service. He is warned that it will be
necessary for him to go more slowly in
the future and he is advised not to resume
duty until April, and then only in a much
modified form. Even with less strenuous
labours, the work of Mr. Nichols will be
most valuable in West Africa. His ex-
perience, his ability, his wise judgment,
and, above all, his Christian grace, have
made him a tower of strength among our
churches there. His record is one of
which any minister in England or in
Africa might well be proud, with that
pride which gives all the glory to God.
When the superintendent has been on fur-
lough he has acted as his deputy. We
pray for our brother complete restoration
to health, and that he may live long to
see the fruit of faithful labours. Mr.
Nichols returned to Sierra Leone per the
s.s. “Aba” on January 9th.
Leprosy in Few people realize to what
China. an extent leprosy still
scourges mankind. It is
computed that one in every 800 persons
in the world is a leper. It is particularly
prevalent in the Far East, where poverty,
dirt and ignorance of the elementary prin-
ciples of hygiene produce conditions most
24


From the Mission House
favourable for its spread. It is estimated
that there are 400,000 lepers scattered
over the 18 provinces of China. In the
past the Chinese method of dealing1 with
the wretches so afflicted has been by
destruction rather than by relief. In his
recent book on “The Charm of the Middle
Kingdom,” Mr. James Reid Marsh relates
how a certain governor, in order to deliver
his province from leprosy, invited all the
lepers to a certain place under the promise
that their needs would be met. They came
and found a feast had been provided for
them on a piece of ground excavated and
levelled. While the lepers were feast-
ing, soldiers were drawn up on either
side of the sunken space and, under
orders, they fired into the assembled
guests until no sign of life remained, and
then the space was filled in and the lepers
and their feast were buried together.
Thus the governor sought to free his
province for a time from leprosy. In
striking contrast to this outrage is the
method dictated by the Christian spirit.
In the year 1874 the Mission to Lepers
was established for the special purpose
of alleviating the lot of these sufferers
and of conveying to them the consola-
tions of the Gospel. This mission does
not send out missionaries. It supplies
the funds for the establishment and main-
tenance of leper asylums, and relies upon
various missionary societies to provide
the missionary superintendence and the
means of imparting Christian instruc-
tion. More than one hundred such
centres have been formed in India, China
and the Far East generally.
' Through the medium of our mission in
Yunnan, the Mission to Lepers has pro-
vided accommodation and sustenance for
about 40 lepers in a settlement situated
near Stone Gateway. It is now pro-
posed to give more permanence to this
institution. A large piece of land has
been purchased on a hillside within sight
of our Stone Gateway centre, but so in-
accessible that there is no risk arising
from proximity. It will be possible for
Mr. Parsons to give the necessary over-
sight and to provide the Christian
workers. With the aid of a pair of
strong field-glasses he can bring the place
into distinct view from his own house.
Dr. Dingle also is taking a deep interest
in this development. She has visited the
site and pronounced it to be satisfactory.
The discovery of the efficacy of Chaul-
moogra oil in the treatment of leprosy has
fascinated her with the hope of being able
to cure some of these sad sufferers, and
her deepest compassion has been stirred
by the cruelties so often practised upon
the lepers. She says : “This work is
very near to the hearts of those who
know most of the ravages of leprosy and
of the fear which the leper excites in the
minds of the Chinese. ” She also relates
the following terrible cases of native
treatment. “A leper was buried alive
recently, at his own request, after being
made drunk with wine ; when he came to
himself he clamoured for three days to
be let out—and he was not let out! A
girl was burnt alive by her brothers in a
grass house on the hill.”
With the discovery of the new remedy
there is a world-wide movement for
stamping out this ancient and loathsome
disease. In the Middle Ages leprosy was
prevalent in Europe, including Great
Britain. Segregation and improved con-
ditions have greatly reduced the plague
in all lands where these have operated,
and we hope we have now come to the
final struggle with one of mankind’s most
dreaded foes.
Anchored to the
Infinite.
The builder who first bridged Niagara’s
gorge,
Before he swung his cable, shore to
shore ;
Sent out across the gulf his venturing
kite
Bearing a slender cord for unseen hands
To grasp upon the further cliff and draw
A greater cord, and then a greater yet :
Till at the last, across the chasm swung
The cable. Then the mighty bridge in air '
So we send out our little timid thought
Across the void, out to God’s reaching
hands :
Send out our love and faith to thread the
deep;
Thought after thought until the little cord
Has greatened to a chain no chance can
break
And—we are anchored to the Infinite.
Edwin Markham. (California.)
25


“Your Young Men
shall See Visions.”
Day of Prayer for Students—
Sunday, February 24th, 1924.
By GERTRUDE MADGE Missionary Secretary of the Student Christian Movement.
DO we still think of Foreign Missions
in terms of a few heroic, domina-
ting white missionaries and a mass
of ignorant, perishing “heathen ” de-
pendent on the goodness of the white man
for all that makes life happy and holy?
Or are we learning to think of them in
terms of the native Christian community;
the Body of Christ in India, China,
Japan, Africa, needing us, their fellow
Christians, to back them up, and
strengthen their hands for the task of
making the character and Will of God
known and lived in their lands ; just as
we, indeed, need the backing of our fel-
low Christians in this and other lands in
our continual struggle against inertia,
nominal Christianity, error and evil?
If we come more and more to' take this
latter point of view, as the leaders of mis-
sionary policy at home and abroad are
doing, we shall more and more come to
see the Church of Christ as an interna-
tional fellowship, in which there is neither
greater nor less ; a fellowship which
denies to no people its full right of charac-
teristic self-expression, but transcends
all racial and national cleavages with its
message of “One God and Father of all,
Who *is over all and through all and in
all ”—so that a narrow, exclusive or self-
satisfied patriotism can never be possible
for a Christian.
It is this vision of an international fel-
lowship in Christ that the World’s
Student Christian Federation has consis-
tently held before the eyes of an ever-
widening circle of young men and women
for the last 30 years. It summons them
when they are still in the years of self-
preparation in college to hear God’s call
to life-service, and to see the whole world
as His vineyard, and every vocation a
“missionary” one, the expressing of His
Character and His Will in all the mani-
fold circumstances of human life.
It calls them to look not only at their
own land, but to see their fellow-Chris-
tians in Africa and the East all at this
great work of God, needing their help
and friendship that they in turn may re-
flect back upon the West some new facet
of the “many-coloured wisdom of God.”
It gives concrete and tangible evidence
of this Fellowship in its periodic confer-
ences of students and student leaders
from all lands, where men and women of
all races and denominations may meet
and talk together of the things concern-
ing the Kingdom of God. And every
year on the last Sunday in February it
asks all those who take any interest in
students—and who does not ?—to observe
a Day of Prayer for students in every
country in the world, and in particular
for the Fellowship of Christian Students
who are keeping alive this vision of the
world-wide family of God.
This year especially we would ask our
friends to* remember that before the next
Day of Prayer, the Student Movement
of Great Britain and Ireland will have
held its seventh Quadrennial Conference,
at which the special claim of missionary
work abroad is laid before the students.
This will take place in January, 1925.
Let us pray that God may so reveal to
the students of this generation His
Reality and His Power, that many may
be led to offer their lives for His service
wherever He may call them.
-5-
The International Review.*
Once more we welcome the January
number of this valuable quarterly.
Mr. Oldham and Miss Gollock ar«
to be congratulated on their work
through twelve years, and there is no
abatement in freshness, vigour or wealth
of matter.
Perhaps the most arrestive articles are
two: “ Modern money-changers of the
Gospel,” by the Rev. R. W. Howard,
C.M.S., and “ Khama : a Bantu re-
former,” by the Rev. W. C. Willoug'hby,
of the Kennedy School of Missions,
U.S.A. But full of interest and sugges-
tion are the following — “Islam in
Africa”; “Indian Education and the
Indian Church and nationality.” There
are two special articles on the National
Christian Councils, one dealing with
India and the other with China. These
are instructive and prophetic.
There are other features of deep in-
terest, which the careful reader will enjoy
and use.
* 3s. net, 10s. 6d. per annum, post free. Of our
Publishing House.
26


Then and
Now.
(Concluded.
POLITICS.—You must not attach
too much importance to the poli-
tical situation in China. It is cer-
tainly very bad, and I do> not wish to
minimize it. Just now it is occasioning
the greatest anxiety toi the Western
nations. But, after all, it in no< sense
represents new China. That great mass
of chaos and confusion at the top will
have to: be dispersed somehow ; but the
life of the nation is sound beneath. All
the disorder, political corruption, rivalry,
brigandage, and lawlessness have abso-
lutely no religious significance. And
even in the political life of China Chris-
tianity is a great factor. Most of the
leading men under the Republic have had
contact with Christian missions. W. W.
Yen, C. L. Wang, and many others, are
members of Christian Churches. Wang
Ch’ung Hui, the Premier of half a year
ago, who is said to be the finest patriot
in China, is a pronounced Christian.
Chang Pao Lin, one of the highest edu-
cationists in Government service, is an
outstanding reformer of a high spiritual
experience. And we have, as prominent
a figure as any in our Christian General
Feng Yu Hsiang. He is a member of
The
Rev. G. T. CANDLIN, D.D.
See pp. 5—8.)
our own Methodist Church. Fie was a
baptized Methodist when he was but a
lowly officer in the Army. He is now
among the highest of the Tuchuns. His
army is one of the largest and incom-
parably best disciplined in China. I am
no advocate of soldiers. Disband the
troops, abolish the Tuchuns by all
means. I say, with Lord Fisher, “Sack
the lot! ” But if we must have soldiers,
give us more of the Feng Yu Hsiang
type : men of simple heart, direct aim,
true patriotism, transparent piety. I
addressed a body of his troops a few
months ago; A show of hands revealed
that nearly every one of them was a
Christian. The missions of Peking an*4
the Y. M.C.A. are working every Sabbath
day in his camps. One Sunday alone,
about three months ago, over 4,000 were
baptized. Pentecost with a considerable
balance to the good ! A few days before
I left Peking he spoke at our University
Commencement exercises, and distributed
medals to sixteen of his soldiers who had
come to us and been taught how to
tan leather and make boots. Later
he was chief speaker at the Commence-
ment—Commencement means winding-up
Interior of Men's Ward at Laoling Hospital. [Dr. W. E. Pmmmer.
Note the man with his head reposing on a wooden pillow.
27


Then and Now
and conferment of diplomas—of our
Methodist Theological Seminary, and he
addressed the graduates we have trained,
on the duties and responsibilities of the
Christian ministry. We are proud of our
Methodist general.*
Christianity.—The fact of most hopeful
significance just now is the formation of
the all-China Church Council, which took
place last year. Its avowed object is the
establishment of an autonomous Chris-
tian Church. A council has already been
formed on which the representation is
predominantly Chinese. It is being pro-
moted by a section of very ardent and,
withal, very ambitious young Christians,
and has the whole strength of educated
Chinese Christian thought behind it, and
the enthusiastic support of the Y. M.C.A.
It is restive under the control, not
always wise, which the foreign mission-
aries exercise over the development of the
Church. It is anxious for the Christian
Church in China to develop in accordance
* See pp. 121, 2, July last.-Ed.
InSTientsin Cemetery. [T. Butler. Esq.,J.P.
The Grave of Rev. J. and Mrs. Robinson.
with Chinese ideals. It should be care-
fully studied, observed and wisely en-
couraged by foreign missionaries and
boards. The task is indeed gi,antic, of
transforming the many differently-pat-
terned samples of Christian fellowship
which have been formed, into one
national, homogeneous, native Chinese
Church, retaining all that is essential in
our Christian faith.
The need which at the present stage is
most paramount, most insistent, is the
promotion of self-support. On this sub-
ject as the all-essential, crucial need of
the time, I am a bigot, a fanatic. I do
not want you to think our people in China
are doing nothing. They are doing
much. Perhaps so long as we organize
as we are doing, they are doing as, much
as we can reasonably expect. Notwith-
standing that there is loud call for a
change of method. We are attempting
to do what we can never do, viz. : To
provide Chinese pastors for an uncount-
able number of Chinese churches. Ex-
pect me when I come round as deputa-
tion, to worry you on this subject.
Our Chinese churches must be
self-supporting, must be made so
at some risk and by judicious
pressure. They are clamouring
for self-government. They must
be constrained to self-support.
Let us help them all we can, but
let us force them to it. Let us
help, and help only those who
help themselves. The keynote of
the great Conference in Shanghai
was a truly self-governing Chinese
Church. Hands off to missionary
control. I fully believe in that.
But I follow that with its neces-
sary corollary. Hands down from
missionary support. It is our duty
to evangelize China. It is not our
duty to support pastors in Chinese
Churches.
I can illustrate my meaning by
a -very simple figure of speech.
The Churches in China have
reached the weaning stage. Now
we all believe that it is an excel-
lent thing for a mother to nourish
her own child. There is unspeak-
able comfort for the babe, and the
purest joy to the mother in this
beautiful act to which nature im-
28


Then and Now
pels. But even this may be overdone,
the weaning- time is bound to come. The
child cannot wean itself 1 But it is as
necessary as it is wholesome. The Church
in China, budding into youth and adoles-
cence, will be stronger and more virile,
rich in vigour, glad in freedom when the
weaning process has been relentlessly
undertaken. And the time when ardent,
ambitious, restless spirits in the Chinese
Church are loudly crying for self-control,
sounds the hour when self-support should
begin. So far as I know, the history of
modern missions has never yet shown us
a heathen nation turn into a Christian
nation through and through, self-govern-
ing and self-dependent. May China be
the first.
Retrospect and Forecast.—What sign
do we see in the heavens that our work
is approaching success. Ah ! It has
been a long warfare, a heavy task. It
was in 1807, well over a century ago,
when Morrison, the first Protestant mis-
sionary, broke the first clod. If we had
known what it meant, what it really
meant! They say he was over 20 years
in making one convert, and that was his
cook. Those were the ages of faith? It
was pure faith maintained in the face of
fierce and murderous opposition, under
the eyes of amazed incredulity, unsus-
tained by any ray of reason. In the face
of all likelihood they pursued what even
to Christians of cold heart and cynical
judgment appeared the wildest, maddest
dream. You will never convert China.
It is impossible! That was the cheer
they got from their very friends. How
stands it now? Even in 1878 it would
have been difficult to find in the Empire
one white man not a missionary, minister,
consul, customs officer, merchant, mer-
chants’ clerk, who admitted that China
might, even by the grace of God, even by
the love of Christ, become a Christian
nation. How stands it now?
Let us be clear. In some sense it still
remains the
“ . . one far-off divine event,
To which the whole creation moves.”
The complete Christianization of China
still awaits the unfolding of God’s eternal
mind. Are our countries, Britain,
America, Europe, are they completely
Christianized? But nominally Christian,
even as we are nominally Christian, with
many curious anomalies, many marked
exceptions, measurelessly inconsistent, for
China to become no more, no less, but
Christian in that sense, is that possible?
It looked frantically impossible then.
How does it look now? If you think that
a result of little worth, why are you so
proud of your Christian light and privi-
lege and joy and blessedness ? Does any-
one believe it possible now? I say it
deliberately : I do not think there is one
white man in China who on careful
thought or study of the actual conditions
of the profound changes that have taken
place, would deny its possibility, and few
would question its probability.
Do not be too ready to say China will
take the way of India, of Japan. Not
toward faith but toward Agnosticism. I
admit that is now clearly the only alterna-
tive. Witness what among non-Chris-
tian Chinese students is known as the
new tide, the new wave. China cannot
remain heathen, the old religions are
dead, dead beyond hope of resurrection.
What is good in them, even in Con-
fucianism (fast passing into desuetude)
depends upon Christianity for its preser-
vation. But I refuse to believe China
will find complete, eternal eclipse in the
darkening shade of Agnosticism. No
nation has ever' yet become Agnostic.
The Chinese are a most religious race,
not cold and sceptic like Japan, a prac-
tical race, not dreamy and mystic like
India. Their past is past. You may
relegate it to a museum. They must have
a future, this ancient, industrious, in-
genious, intelligent, gifted, homogeneous
people, must have a future, and I am
going back to spend the remaining frag-
ment of my life waiting in hope for the
pink-fingered tips of the coming dawn,
when “ God has provided some better
thing for us,” in some better thing for
them, “that they without us should not
be made perfect.”
And I challenge you to say what will
be the effect on every great ideal which
woos the heart of man—world’s eternal
peace, removal of social evils, advance
in the love of man for man, true science,
art, industry—of the turning of this
Eastern continent, of four hundred million
people, a quarter of the world, toward
“The light that never was on sea or land.”
29


A Challenging
Questionnaire.*
IDO not speak as a religious man, only
as a business man who is deeply
interested in China—her present
deplorable condition, her future. My
remarks will be the first I have ever
made in public upon a religious subject.
Now and then I hear reputable
foreigners in China express the opinion
that Christian missions are not helping
China. These remarks are made by people
not particularly interested in nor familiar
with mission work. They have not inves-
tigated, and they draw conclusions from
misinformation.
When I hear a man express such an
opinion, I want to be a lawyer again and
have the privilege of asking him ques-
tions. I shall mention some of them. I
want to ask him :
1. What do you really know about the
work of Christian missions in China?
2. How many of their 24 Y.M.C. A.
city centres, of their 12 Y.W.C.A. centres
and 80 student associations ; how many
of their many schools, academies, col-
leges and universities, workshops and
hospitals, churches and Sunday Schools
and other places of activity have you in-
vestigated or even visited?
’From a paper read before the Faculty and Students of
the Peking Union Medical College, and published in the
" Peking Express.”
A Street in Wenchow.
By Mr. F. W. STEVENS,
Director in China of the
International Banking Consortium.
3. With how. many Christian mission-
aries themselves have you talked seriously
about their work? Or with how many
Chinese who know about such activities ?
4. Have you read any issue of the
China Mission Year Book that tells about
them ?
5. Do you know what is being' done in
the cities of China through Homes for
Boys and Homes for Girls, and otherwise,
by the Salvation Army, a great and
worthy Christian missionary organization.
6. Do you know even a little about the
many fine activities long continued among
the very poor of China by the Roman
Catholic Church?
7. Do> you know of anything more re-
pulsive in human form than Chinese
beggar-women, and do you know that it
is educated, genteel Christian mission-
ary women who are little by little getting
them and their children off the streets,
cleaning them and getting them intoi self-
supporting condition ?
8. Do you know what the Christian
missionaries are doing among the Chi-
nese peasants, toi bring a little joy into
their g'rey lives ?
9. Do you know that about 80 per cent,
of the Chinese people are farmers ; with
about 50,000,000 farm holding ; that they
are backward in
methods ; that
their position in
respect to ade-
quate food sup-
ply and articles
to be sold in
foreign markets
is threatened ;
that about 85
per cent of
China’s exports
are products of
the soil ; and
that Christian
mission institu-
tions are doing
nearly all that is
being done at all
for their economic
as well as their
•spiritual and so-
cial welfare? Do
you know a
LT. Butler, Esq., J P.
30


A Challenging Questionnaire
single thing about the importance of
agriculture in the yearly programme
of the missionary organizations—about
soil fertility, plant diseases, seed' se-
lection, animal husbandry, as they relate
to Christian missionary efforts in China?
Do you know of missionary work in
sanitation and health promotion, or in
helping to rid China of the awful
narcotic curse?
10. Do you know that there are about
236,000 Chinese children in missionary
day schools, and 100,000 in Roman
Catholic schools, and that most of them
would have no schooling but for these.
11. Do you know that the Chinese
modern system of education in China
began with the work of the Chinese mis-
sion teachers and that modern medicine
was mediated to China by the Christian
medical missionaries? Do you know
that China was devoid of anything re-
sembling modern hospitals and trained
nurses until they resulted from mission-
ary effort; and that now there are over
three hundred mission hospitals in China,
nearly one hundred of which are con-
ducted on approximately-modern stan-
dards with up-to-date equipment and
nursing ; and that there are few cities in
China having even one such Chinese hos-
pital which is of non-missionary origin?
12. Do you know that the building up
of the nursing profession in China is at
the present time almost entirely in the
hands of missionaries and of Christianized
Chinese?
13. Do you know that although leprosy
has existed in China from time imme-
morial, and there are now estimated to be
400,000 lepers in China, the first leper
hospital or asylum was established by a
missionary society?*
14. Do you know that there was never
in China a hospital or asylum for the in-
sane until Christianity provided one.
15. Do you know the missionary type?
Do you know with what respect and con-
fidence the people within the range of the
missions have come to regard the mis-
sionaries ; and that they are advisers and
friends to the whole community in all
kinds of trouble?
16. Have you some better way than the
one followed by the Christian mission-
aries for implanting into the minds of the
* See p. 24.—Ed.
Chinese masses, ideas of right living that
will help to uplift China?
17. Have you thought how important a
factor moral regeneration is in China’s
political and industrial development?
18. Do you know of a single organized
activity in China, on a scale of import-
ance, that aims at moral improvement or
that is calculated to bring it about, that
is not traceable in its origin to missions?
My remarks have related principally to
the Christian religion. I have come to
believe that America’s greatest con-
tribution to China, greater even than
America’s political friendship, is her
Christian missionaries in China.
Dr. John Dewey, whose attitude in the
early part of his recent stay in China was
construed, wrongly, I believe, to belittle
the benefits which Christianity could
bring to China, was thought before he
left to have become highly appreciative
of missionary activity ; and in an article
dealing with education in China, pub-
lished by him in America after he left
here, Dr. Dewey said :
“Instead of carping at missionaries we
should remember that they have been
almost the only ones in the past with a
motive-force strong enough to lead the
Chinese to take an active interest in
education. ”
Religion is valuable to a nation to the
extent that it lessens sin. Sin is selfish-
ness in some form manifested in the daily
relationships of life. Sin decreases as the
spirit of unselfishness increases. I am
for the Christian religion above all others
principally because I believe that its
simple teachings of charity, service and
brotherhood inculcate in mankind that
spirit more than any other religion does.
It is more important for China to have
in abundance that spirit of unselfishness
than it is for it to possess more railroads
or canals, highways or factories, intellec-
tuality, science, art or literature.
What a pity that all those in a position
to influence Young China do not realize
that only by the general upbuilding of
personal character can a nation become
strong, that character must rest upan a
foundation more solid and enduring than
any study, aesthetics, or philosophy, and
that the best foundation of all is a belief
in a Supreme Power over the earth and
all life therein.
31


African Idylls.*
Dr. DONALD FRASER.
(A Review).
BE was a sagacious man who advised
Dr. Donald Fraser to gather to-
gether a few of his literary im-
promptus, and give us this book. They
illustrate his keenness of vision, appre-
ciation of the least an African can
give, and, withal, a modesty in himself
almost painful.
A reviewer naturally and simply says,
“This book must be read to be appre-
* Seeley, Service and Co. Second edition. 6s. net.
I)r. Fraser in his office at Loudon.
Breakfast on the verandah.
The author and family. Mr. W. P. Livingstone (on tour) sits on the left.
[Favoured by Seeley .'.Service and Co.
32
ciated.” It is a truism, but it is gloriously
evident in this book. Commend us to
an “African beadle” or “A wanderer
returned ” for incisive writing. Rich in
illustration, unabhorrent of detail, the
sentences arrest us, and afford rich
enjoyment.
Next day as we tramped along, the men
laden with dried meat on the top of their
bundles, one of them said to me : “ But why
did you drop the flakes of paper? ”
“That you might find
game,” I said.
“It was a clever idea,” he
answered, unsatisfied. “But
you took a strangely-wind-
ing way home.”
And I, who have so little
sense of direction, held my
silence before these men to
whom no wilderness or
thicket hides the straight
way home.
In these few lines I can
see five distinct qualities
of character. If any
reader finds more he may
write—but not to Donald
Fraser !
His power of observa-
tion, and action thereon,
is here illustrated :
By these precautions we
were able to diminish the
severity of the disease and
possibly thousands of lives
were saved. . . . Many
of those who were very ill
lost their mental balance.
The sickness found the
weakest point in the neu-
rotic African, and attacked
his brain.
He can put the follow-
ing African aphorisms
into limpid English :
Every day when he sits
among the villagers, he
says, “Money is smoke.
Wealth is like morning
dew. I had gold, and now
nothing. All the best I had
was lost when I sought for
gold, and then gold was lost
too. The Word of God is
the only thing that lasts,
and is worth the seeking.”
I should like to quote
in full “The beloved mad-
man.” Says he: “Old


“Miss Laburnum and Other Stories”
Bellows was a delightful African gentle-
man.”
As a specimen of descriptive writing
commend me to this. Short words, quick
perception, calm generalisation.
In contrast to the hot valley, our plateau
sometimes appears to us like a land of
Canaan, flowing with milk and honey, on
which the sun smiles gently, and through
which life-giving breezes blow, where men
walk and are not afraid, a land greatly to
be desired. But I write this ip the High-
lands of my native Scotland, where, too,
there are sun, moon and stars and a wind
on the heath, and a free people with soft
speech and gentle manners, and perhaps this
too is a land to be desired. Yet when we
climb out of the scorching Loangwa Valley,
where water is hard to find and dangerous
to drink, where the tsetse fly pierces like a
red-hot needle, and trees close in on all sides,
and the poor people, hunted for generations,
are feeble and cringing, Ngoniland is a para-
dise by contrast.
I would ask the editor to print a whole
chapter, so deeply has this book moved
me, but I have heard him say there is no
room to spare. Let this suffice.
To-day I have been filling-uip, with rebel-
lious feelings, schedules of figures for the
annual report, writing up the balance-sheets
of income and expenditure and costs of
agents.
“Miss Laburnum,
and Other Stories.”
IT is with mingled feelings that anyone
attempts to review a book by a
writer who' has passed through that
â– narrow doorway which we call death.
There is eagerness to come into touch
again with the active mind which we
remember so well ; we have once again
the sense of physical contact which the
writings of a friend can give. There is
sadness, too, at the remembrance that
this must of necessity be the last utter-
ance of the writer, and there is a certain
•disinclination to criticise any work of one
who now possesses the freedom of eter-
nity, and who, has entered into the wis-
dom of the immortal dead. Yet this little
book of some 150 pages is bound to
attract all those who worked with Mrs.
Dobson and knew her personally, and
* By Annie E. Dobson. U.M. Publishing House, 2s. 6d.
As evening fell, and the last of these mis-
leading or tongueless sheets was completed,
I folded the papers with a sense of futility
and falseness. For figure values here are
so different from anything the home-reader
will place on them. Twenty shillings is not
the measure of -£1, in a land where labourers
earn 2d. a day and teachers 6s. a month.
What content will you put upon one hundred
baptisms, when each soul has its own his-
tory, and each is beyond price? What record
of the Kingdom is there in a thousand
church members.
The figures I have entered are great and
small. We count the pennies where you at
home would look for notes. If some curious
eye should glance along the columns which
record the progress of the Kingdom of God,
he will not read them in my language. I
hear each figure speak—of breaking light, of
"liberty and faith, of growth and backsliding,
of grateful giving and selfish withholding,
of growing intelligence and stolid ignorance.
These figures are a cinematograph to me.
Then he speaks of countless inter-
views, great gatherings—the church holds
2,500 people seated on mats—holy com-
munion, and so on, and we thrill with
him, we love him, we pray with him.
Thus may the reader, happily, transport
himself to Central Africa ; some perhaps
putting into God’s treasury what it would
cost him. to go ! Hirondelle.
A review.
will, we believe, also gain the ear of that
wider circle o.f acquaintances with whom
she dealt, month after month, in the
W.M.A. letter. It is well printed on
good paper, and although its appearance
is handicapped by its over-ornamented
front cover, yet on the whole it may be
termed creditable to our Publishing
House.
The book is divided into three sections,
Missionary, Cornish and Miscellaneous
stories. Knowing Mrs. Dobson’s deep
love of Foreign Missions, it is scarcely
surprising that the missionary stories are,
in the main, the best in the book. They
show just the keen imagination, the
power to' visualise strange conditions, the
ability to put yourself in another’s place
which every missionary enthusiast must
possess. Miss Laburnum, the story
33


“ Miss Laburnum and Other Stories ”
which gives its name to the book, con-
sists of three chapters of a biography,
and is so, palpably true to life, that yon
feel it only needed to be lifted straight
out of our real existence and to be pinned
into position as it were by the writer’s
pen. The story of Gwynne Jones’s Isola-
tion Hospital is very convincing, and
should be a very useful story for Girls’
Auxiliaries, Bible classes, Mothers’
meetings, etc.
Next to the missionary stories, I like
best “The Carol Singers,” in the Cornish
section. Mrs. Dobson is at her best
when she is writing of life’s little trage-
dies. Her own constant battle with
physical weakness and delicate health
sharpened her comprehension of the
struggle which must arise under certain
conditions. She was able to write of a
poignant situation and to keep it poig-
nant, yet at the same time bearable,
which is just what some would-be authors
can never do. They paint the black clouds
The late Annie E. Dobson, nee Argali.
so black, that they are obviously daubs
of paint and not clouds at all. Mrs. Dob-
son, on the other hand, succeeds in pre-
senting life’s enigmas and problems as
absolutely genuine.
Amongst the miscellaneous stories my
own preference is “For Irene’s Sake,”
and “Elsie’s Happy New Year,” both of
which are happily conceived, delicately
and skilfully carried out, and fulfil the
exacting test to which every short story’
must submit—that of being a bit of real
life. The book closes appropriately
enough with a little sketch termed “An
Ivy Leaf.” This is very brief, but it
shows, 1 think, Mrs. Dobson’s philosophy
of life. In it, she holds up for us, still
stumbling along life’s troubled way, the
light which lit her own path right up to
Heaven’s gate.
“ And we stay so long in the darkness of
the living-room . . . that the Divine
light never gets a chance to shine upon us..
But in God’s providence something unto-
ward shakes us up, trouble and tears may
be the medium through which the light of
love is reflected from our poor selves . . .
What matters it, if God only has His way,
and through misfortune or sickness, leads
us out to catch and reject the glory of His-
sunshine ?”
This little book is—through a hus-
band’s kindly thought—Mrs. Dobson’s-
last gift to the Women’s Missionary
Auxiliary. That the gift may be as
valuable as possible, it behoves the
W. M.A. to buy up the whole edition
rapidly. It is just the book which leaders
of Women’s Meeting's and Sewing Circles
are constantly needing, and should prove
well worth its modest price. The stories
are just the right length and right type
for reading aloud, and all of them are
interesting. If every Branch W.M.A.
will buy three or four copies (some have
already done this), this edition will be
rapidly exhausted, and Mrs. Dobson’s
last bit of work will be—what all her
W.M.A. work always was—a great
success.
A. Truscott Wood.
3-t


The British
Commonwealth.
[Writing in “Outward Bound,” under the
title “ After the Empire,” the Right Hon.
C. F. G. Masterman pays a valued tribute
to the righteous rule of the British Govern-
ment in other lands, from which he passes
to most excellent encomiums of mis-
sionaries.]
HERE can be no controversy con-
cerning the satisfaction with which
A we may regard the sedulous
scrutiny of what such men as Clive,
Warren Hastings, or Cecil Rhodes did
so many incredible miles away. “ Down-
ing Street ” became almost a byword at
one time for* interference with the man on
the spot, who knew how a nigger should
be walloped or a native prince cajoled
or frightened. But Downing Street has
always stood for an impersonal end. It
has never tried to compete with the man
on the spot in the extortion of wealth
from other races. Sometimes, perhaps,
unwise, and sometimes blind, it has yet
stood for righteousness and the square
deal. It swept slavery out of British
Possessions, and helped to sweep it out
of the world. With but few exceptions,
better forgotten, its test has always been,
“Where is Abel thy brother?” Is your
rule just as between man and man ? Are
you increasing happiness, overcoming
ignorance, combating famine, pestilence
and plague? Can you solemnly declare
through each succeeding generation, that
there is an elevation of mental and moral
qualities in the races, which, through
strange vicissitudes of fortune, you have
been called upon to govern ?
African Christian
Literature.*
IT is when one gets a brochure like this
into one’s, hands that one catches
sight of the tremendous Christian
energy being poured out in the endeavour
to evangelize Africa. This boo1: is a sort
of aerial photograph. It surveys activi-
ties in a landscape which comprises a con-
tinent. It is. a bibliography constructed
*A Bibliography : Edited by F. Rowling, M.A. and C. E.
Wilson, B.A. 4s.net. 140 pp.
And next to “ Downing Street ” I
should put the missionaries and the great
missionary societies. We have never
tried to impress our religion upon the
people whom we have ruled, as, e.g., the
Spanish imposed their religion on South
America. But we have tried to persuade,
to convince, to place before other nations
the claims of a religion in which we have
believed for a thousand years. And
although we have made millions of Chris-
tians within the arena of the British Em-
pire, we could not affirm, and rightly, that
we have made it an empire with the same
religious beliefs as our own. But the mis-
sionaries, on the other hand, have a splen-
did tradition, established now through
many generations, of standing for the
native and the welfare of the native, even
if that native has not become a Chris-
tian. Men and women of culture and
energy have gone out from Britain and
devoted their whole lives to a great cause
amongst the learned and sophisticated
natives of India or the more primitive
races of Africa. In the midst of the
great tombs of statesmen, poets, war-
riors, in Westminster Abbey, you may
find the plain slab inscribed with the name
of David Livingstone: and there are
thousands of humbler David Livingstones
who in every corner of this great Imperial
rule have determined that the treatment
of the people with whom they have been
associated shall be humane, merciful and
just, and who have run considerable risks
when they gave public testimony against
powerful firms or officials who have
violated that standard.
A Review.
Rev. W. VIVIAN, F.R.G.S.
from a somewhat different standpoint
from that appearing quarterly in the
International Review of Missions ; but it
is an equally-thorough piece of work, and
admirably realizes the intention of the
joint editors, and the Committee they
represent.
This work reveals an amazing con-
centration of loving toil. Patience and
industry are condensed into every page.
35


Prayer Union
It is quite unique as a Handbook to
African Missions. There is nothing else,
just of its kind. Its heartening list of
missionary societies operating in the
African sphere is impressive. It is
evidence that the whole of Christendom
has taken the burden of Africa on its big
heart. More than one hundred separate
agencies share this strenuous service.
But the chief value of this bibliography
is the index it supplies- to< the wonderful
literary output which enriches the central
purpose of the missionary’s work. Cyni-
cally, this is sometimes spoken of as a
“Come to Jesus” programme. Here is
proof that brains, culture, linguistic
ability, imagination, enterprise, and the
printer’s art, are all conspiring to, pour
wealth into the mind as well as into the
soul of the native convert.
This is not a compilation describing
books about Africa, but concerning books
published for Africa. Here we are fur-
nished with the delightful conviction that
every literary avenue through which the
inflow of Christian thought can be stimu-
lated to fertilize the mind of the negro—
is being employed.
Though this work is in comparative
infancy, there is every sign of vitality
and growth. There are very few tribal
languages in which the Bible is not avail-
able. That fact alone represents a tre-
mendous achievement in language-study
and translation. But here you have
troops of books, elementary and advanced
-—fine instruments already in the hands
of the missionaries to promote spiritual
illumination—culture, social and material
progress.
We are given the names of 195
languages spoken in the African con-
tinent ;'and a language map, showing the
six divisions of these, helps us to see their
distribution and locality. It is a sad re-
flection that as yet the large majority of
these languages have nothing but the
Bible or portions thereof and a hymnal.
We understand that the object of this
Committee, representing all the societies
working in Africa, is to place in the hands
of the natives translations of some of the
great books of England and other
countries. Two experiments have been
made, others are in progress. They are
printed in diglot, the language of the
country producing the book, and the
native language, at an opening.
The bibliography may stand as a sign
to, us of the consecrated Christian ability
which is focused on the Dark Continent
to transfigure it into' a Land of Light.
It is a survey which will promote both
knowledge and inspiration.
Being technical it has a limited circula-
tion ; and is not obtainable from book-
sellers. The editor of the Echo will send
a copy (post free) on receipt of the price
stated.
Prayer Union.
In that day I will raise up the ruins
of the tabernacle of David that is fallen,
and I will build it as in the days of
old : that they may possess the rem-
nant of Edom, and all the nations.
—Amos ix. 11, 12.
I heard the Master call :
“ Come follow! ” that was all :
My gold grew dim,
My soul went after Him.
I rose and followed, that was all,
Who would not if they heard Him call?
Hymns.
Speed Thy servants. Gerhardt.
Give to' the winds thy fears'. Kelly.
Light of the world. Bateman.
Feb. 3.—Lading Girls’ School. Page
in Report, 66, 67. Miss Turner. (See
photograph on p. 39.) 1 Cor. 13.
Feb. 10.—Wenchow. P. 25-28. Rev.
W. R. Stobie. Gal. 5 : 13-26.
Feb. 17.—Among the Nosu. P. 34-
36. Rev. C. E. Hicks. Amos 2 : 6-16.
Feb. 24.—Day of prayer for Students
in each hemisphere. See Miss Gertrude
Madge’s article on p. 26.
Dr. J. H. Jowett, who died December
19th, lived a prayerful life. In 1903 he
issued a book of prayers, “Yet another
day,” which has been widely used. Let
us repeat the prayer he wrote for Decem-
ber 19th, the day of his translation.
God of glory, may some of the light
of Thy glory shine through me ! May
my poor life be transfigured by Thine in-
dwelling ! May all my days minister to
the honour of my God !
36


A Labour Leader
on Christianity.
Kagawa, the famous Japanese Christian
labour leader, whose influence as an inter-
mediary between capital and labour checks
the development of Bolshevism in Japan, has
made a statement of his view of the place of
Christ in the world, which has appeared in
“ Outward Bound.”
Mr. Kagawa, who is a graduate of Prince-
ton, owes his Christian development and
education mainly to Dr. Myers, of Kobe,
Japan, an American missionary.
Y chief work is the building and
rebuilding of the Human Temple.
It is the Carpenter Jesus alone
who is able to do this work. I am helper
and servant to Him. The material for
this building is Life, Labour and Liberty.
Hitherto, religious teachers have con-
fined their efforts too much to doctrine
and emotion, and men of the world have
emphasized matter and money. They
must all learn to worship God through
life, not merely through doctrine or emo-
tion or matter or money. I am strongly
opposed to the Marxian materialistic con-
ception of history. Economics and reli-
gion are not separate but one. To live a
life, and to live up to life is economics
and it is religion. Without God there is
no economics and there is no life, for God
is Life Eternal.
The action of Life is Labour ; therefore
man must enjoy labour. I am opposed to
the system which makes a mere human
machine of labour and labourers. Labour
is not a commodity to1 be bought and sold,
it is a gift of God to be respected and
honoured. But labour without God is use-
less effort, a tread-mill that brings man
to no goal. Labour expended, for in-
stance, at a brewery or in making muni-
tions at the arsenal, is destructive, and
does not accord with God’s purpose of
Life for mankind. Unemployment is not
in accord with God’s will, for we must get
a realization of life through labour. The
exploitation of labour for selfish purposes
is one of the worst of evils. Paul says,
‘ If any will not work, neither let him
eat.’
The third material in the Human
Temple is Liberty. This does not mean
equality. God has given to man different
degrees of ability. If a man is allowed
to realize and employ all the powers that
God has given him, that is liberty. No
man has a right to hinder this liberty in
any other man. The principle of equality
lies in the fact that God has given life
equally to all. Men must have liberty to
do everything that is right.
Just now, Life, Labour and Liberty are
all three being destroyed. Class hatred
and revolution are being emphasized from
the side of the oppressed. The leaders
are preaching revolution with a promise
of bread. The real demand and need are
not for bread alone, but for Life, Labour
and Liberty. Violence and revolution will
never bring men these three. Souls must
be redeemed first. The wounds have
pierced too deeply into the souls of men.
Without regeneration and rejuvenation of
the souls of men from within, men can
never see the Kingdom of God. We can-
not redeem ourselves ; we must believe in
the power of God to redeem. The work
of Christ is to' supply our deficiency, and
the mission of the followers of Christ is to
go out in the power of the Spirit of God
to save the suffering ; armed, not with a
sword, but with love. Christians must
glorify God in the flesh, as Christ glori-
fied Him in the flesh. This is the building
of the Human Temple and the Gospel of
the Incarnation. To live a Life is a fine
art, it is to' glorify God in our bodies.
This is where art and religion meet.
Economics is a part of art ; it is the art
of making life enjoyable and happy. Art
without God is nothing. To live a reli-
gious life, a man cannot withdraw to some
desert-cave or mountain-temple. He
must bear his cross in the flesh and live
a life of service among men. That is the
.art of art, the economic of economics, and
the religion of religion. That is the
Gospel of Christ.”
Toychiko Kagawa.
This, and the item, p. 30, by courtesy
of the Missionary Press Bureau.
37


Mrs. J. B. BROOKS, B.Litt.
West China. From a Woman’s
Standpoint.
By Miss Barwick.
ISN’T the scenery wonderful 1 ” These
words, spoken by Mrs. Parsons, were
more an exclamation than a question.
We were on our way to visit some Miao
villages, and had dismounted at the com-
mencement of a steep decline, where we
stood gazing at the hills, which never
cease to fill our hearts with awe and
admiration. Many voices spoke to us
as we stood thus. There were cicadas,
piping their shrill song ; there was the
bleat of sheep and goats grazing upon the
hillside, the chirp of birds, the sound of
rushing water ; yet, despite this music
of Nature, a silence seemed to brood over
all, and with the quiet rapture of our
hearts, came the sense of an Infinite
Presence. I looked across at the hills,
and idly noticed their ever-changing
lights and shadows, yet it was not of
those things that I thought as much as
of their strength and steadfastness. “T
will lift up my eyes unto the hills, from
whence cometh my help,” resolved the
Psalmist, and we missionaries often echo
his words. When our day has been
filled with apparently small duties, we
turn our eyes to the hills, and gain
courage to dream again, the dreams of
our mission work. The heights are there,
we tell ourselves, and we commence the
next day with the visionary outlook.
When we reached the base of the slope,
I remarked to the boy who led my horse,
“The hills of your country are very beau-
tiful.” “Yes,” he replied, “but they are
very difficult to climb.” That is so, I
thought, but what of the view when the
summit is reached?
We remounted and commenced to
scale the road, which looked like a thread
stretched up the mountain-side.
When we reached the top, some
women and girls were waiting to greet
us. The welcome they gave us was ex-
tremely generous. Turning to me, Mrs.
Parsons said, “Miss Barwick, the love of
these women makes me feel very un-
worthy.” Truly their love is a very
sweet thing, as trustful, and as con-
fiding, as the love of children.
They took our hands, and piloted us
to the village, where we purposed stay-
ing the night. Soon we were seated, and
surrounded by an excited crowd. The
visit of Mrs. Parsons meant much to
these women, whose lives are so drab,
so hard, so lonely. Small wonder they
all love her so. She enters into the
smallest detail of their lives with sym-
pathetic understanding. Their joys are
her joys ; their sorrows, her sorrows.
Many were the tales of woe she had to
hear. Many times some words of hers
would cause the tears to be wiped away,
and a smile to break through clouded
features. What distressed and puzzled
me was the number of wee human flowers
that had been plucked so early in life.
So many mothers had lost their bairns.
One mother was telling Mrs. Parsons the
story of the death of her child, when
another of her little girls put her hand
upon the mother’s knee, and asked,
“Mother, has Jesus given baby any medi-
cine yet to make her better? ”
Darkness gathered, and soon Mrs.
Parsons was showing the magic lantern,
and telling stories of Jesus. Perhaps the
picture which made the biggest appeal
was that of Christ as the Good Shepherd.
To these people of the hills, the care of
the flock is familiar. They know its way-
wardness, and its frequent helplessness.
They understand the weariness of the
lamb, after the day’s wandering. It was
nice to see Jesus carrying the lamb so.
Mrs. Parsons suggested the hymn,
“Jesus is our Shepherd,” and it was sung
with earnestness and feeling. That little
Miao hut was transformed into a temple
of praise and thanksgiving. Long after
38


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
the service was over, the women lingered
to talk, and then, tired, they lay down on
the hard floor, and fell asleep. Next
morning we held another service.
Just as we were preparing to g'o, two
women arrived from a long distance.
They had commenced their journey before
dawn, and had trudged many weary
miles, having heard the mistaken news
that I was a doctor. The disappointed
look on their faces when they found I
was not, brought the tears to our eyes,
and made our hearts very heavy. The
women were weak and ill. We could do'
nothing to help them, and the wistful
faces which we saw as we left the village,
stamped a picture upon mv mind which is
with me now. “We doi need an itinera-
ting doctor,” said Mrs. Parsons. “Yes,”
I answered, “but dare we hope that our
Church can supply one?”
As we paced easily to, the next village,
we looked around on a world of palpitant
beauty, light and colour. The delicate
pink of the buckwheat flower, against
the azure blue of the sky, gave a light-
some, pleasing effect. Gaily-coloured
butterflies flitted to> and fro, and some-
times circled round us, until, but for the
memory’ of pain, and sin, and sorrow, we
might have imagined ourselves journey-
ing through some fairyland.
Ere long we reached the hamlet,
where many people waited to sing hymns
and listen to the Gospel stories. Often,
in the midst of a story, the women would
ask questions, and Mrs. Parsons, in
answer, would use some simple illustra-
tion, which they could understand. It
was just what Jesus did, and would do,
I thought, when dealing with people such
as these.
After the service, the women drew their
stools a little nearer, and talked about
their everyday affairs. One woman, in
trying to describe how miserable she felt,
said she was so sad that the tears fell
on her feet as she walked.
We should like to have made a longer
stay, but as we had another village to
reach before nightfall, we regretfully said
“Good-bye,” and once again mounted our
horses. Rain fell, and our way lay
through narrow ravines, on either side
of which grew many species of fern. As
we inhaled the aroma of moist earth
mould, Mrs. Parsons asked, “Doesn’t
this remind you of Devon?” “Yes,” I
answered, “China has been far away
during the last few moments.” It was
almost dark and raining heavily when we
reached our destination. There was a
wonderful atmosphere in the service
which Mrs. Parsons conducted, a still
and quiet reverence which realized the
Holy Presence. I felt that it was good
to be there ; and I do> not always feel so>
in our native services.
[T. Butler, Esq ,J P.
Miss Turner’s School, North China.
Miss Turner on left.
39


The First Convert
Before leaving in the morning, we went
to see a woman who was very ill.
Neither of us thought she would recover.
Mrs. Parsons put the question to her,
“If Jesus came to claim you soon, would
you be afraid to go to Him? ” Her smile
was very beautiful to see. After prayer,
we left her, lying upon her rough mat-
tress, in that poor, rude dwelling, which
the cattle shared with her. Here she
waited the arrival of the Heavenly
Visitor. There were many prayers in
my heart, as we wended our way home-
ward, prayers for bigger love and greater
faith.
“There’s Stone Gateway,” exclaimed
Mrs. Parsons, and then we hurried our
horses just a little.
Sister Ethel Simpson in
Wenchow.
Sister Ethel Simpson is now safely
settled in Wenchow. From an early
letter we quote the following':
“We had a good voyage out on the
whole. Mr. Stobie met us at Shanghai.
The coastal steamer, the ‘Feiching,’ had
on board three hundred refugees from
Japan, of whom two had gone mad
through the earthquake. We reached
Wenchow about 10.0 p.m., and were
received by Mrs. Stobie, Nurse Ball, Dr.
Stedeford and Mr. Sharman, who gave
us a warm welcome.
The streets of the city are very narrow,
filthy and smelly : but already I am get-
ting used to them. The pigs, fowls and
children seem to wander in them at will.
Then, as the coolies come down carrying
their loads, and the rickshaws and sedan
chairs go by, one must simply g'et out of
the way of the traffic
There are cholera patients in the hos-
pital, but it is hoped that this spell of
cold weather will stamp out the disease.
Last Sunday I was introduced to the
Women’s Christian Endeavour. I said
a few words in English which Mrs. Stobie
interpreted. Then the women stood up,
and one of them prayed earnestly for vic.
My heart was stirred, and tears filled my
eyes. How glad I shall be when I have
sufficient knowledge of the language to
be of service to them ! ”
Thei First Convert.
As the first snowdrop comes,
While yet the snow benumbs,
So, to seek pasture by the Eternal Rock,
This soul comes timorously,—
Comes, Shepherd, unto Thee,—
A lamb of the fold, a firstling of the
flock !
Where night no' door unlatched
The under-shepherds watched,
Sick for one star to shine the clouds
away.
Now, where Hope slakes her thirst,
We offer Thee the first
Lamb that has seen, has known, has
brought the day.
On a bleak field and bare
Thy pasture we prepare,
Going before Thy face as one of old.
Shepherd of all the sheep,
With them Thy firstlings keep,
Feed, lead and multiply a hundredfold ?
Good herbage it shall yield,
This February field !
Green, green the grass beside the Eternal
Rock.
Keeper of each and all,
Let bars, let frontiers fall,
Fill one the fold, and Thine the world-
wide flock I
S. Gertrude Ford.
The Moslem World.*
No. 1 of vol. 14 (January) is chiefly
remarkable for “A Moslem view of the
Christian Bible,” which covers 24 pp.
In another article the modern and
unorthodox Mohammedan viewpoint in
regard to the crucifixion of Jesus Christ
is given by an Ahmadiya “missionary”
to America, Maulvi, Muhammad Din.
This review is invaluable for those
who desire to study the progress of Chris-
tian Missions in Moslem lands.
*156 Fifih Avenue, New York City, or The Church House.
London. S.W.l. 50c.
40


Ordination of Mr.
Chang Tsun Shih.
Rev. D. V. GODFREY.
THE news that Conference had sane-,-
tioned the ordination of Mr. Chang
Tsun Shih was received with great
joy in the North China District, and par-
ticularly in the Shantung circuits, where
Mr. Chang has chiefly lived and laboured.
The District Executive arranged for
the ordination service to be held at Chu
Chia Tsai on the 16th November, when
delegates were to be with us from all our
circuits in North China. Unfortunately,
owing to the unsettled state of the
country, nobody ventured to come from
Yung Ping. The Rev. Wm. Eddon was
also unable to be with us, as he was pre-
paring the Peking house for the arrival
of the Rev. E. Richards. Nevertheless,
there was a large gathering. The Rev.
F. B. Turner and the Rev. Su Jui Hsi
represented Tong Shan, and the Rev. Li
An Su, Tientsin. All the preachers of the
Lao Ling circuit were present, and all of
Wu Ting, save one or two who nobly
stayed in Wu Ting city to preach to the
crowds assembled for the annual fair.
There was also a good number of mem-
bers and adherents who forgathered out
of love for Mr. Chang, or (in some few
cases) to see what an ordination service
was like. Such services are rare in China,
and probably this was the first ever held
in Chu Chia Tsai.
The Rev. Cheng Yuan Hsiang an-
nounced the first hymn, and offered the
opening prayer, after which the Rev.
Chou Shang Chan read the lesson :
various passages from Paul’s Epistle to
Timothy. The Rev. Su Jui Hsi then gave
March, 1924,
Rev. Chang Tsun Shih.
Per'Rev. W. Bainbridge, who sustains him in memory
of the late Rev. John Addyman.


Prayer Union
a brief address and put the usual ques-
tions to the candidate. In course of his
replies, Mr. Chang informed us that he
had been a Christian from his earliest
years, and paid a tribute to his parents,
his grandparents, and the Rev. John
Hinds : those who influenced him in early
years.
The ordination ceremony took place by
the laying' on of hands. Pastor Li An
Su offered the ordination prayer. Depth
and poetry of feeling, combined with sim-
plicity of language in this beautiful
prayer, made us all feel that we were in
the very presence of God.
After the presentation of a Bible and
the singing of a second hymn, the Rev.
F. B. Turner gave the Charge, which was
based on two passages of Scripture :
“Neglect not the gift that is in thee,”
and “ I have chosen you, and ordained
you.’’
The sermon was too big to be effec-
tively summarised here. It emphasised
the high office of the ministry, its great
responsibility, its great difficulty and bur-
den, and its opportunity that angels might
â– covet. Finally, Mr. Turner spoke of the
power which makes a successful ministry
possible : power of the Holy Spirit.
The many preachers who were present
were greatly impressed by this sermon,
which will be to them and us, as well as
to Mr. Chang, an inspiration for many
-days to come.
Immediately after the service, before
the people left their seats, Mr. Turner
caught sight of Mrs. Chang, the newly-
ordaineed minister’s mother, and called
her to the front. Without a trace of em-
barrassment, the dear old soul came for-
ward, and in a few homely phrases, made
eloquent by gestures (which almost form a
speech of their own in China), charmingly
thanked everybody and expressed her
gratitude to God. She was evidently
proud of her son, who, by the way, is the
first Christian of the third generation to
enter our ministry in North China.
As we left the meeting, we all agreed
that we had never been at a more beauti-
ful ordination service. Nay, we know
not how it could have been improved
upon. The hearers were most reverent,
the candidate modest, the sermon impres-
sive, and, best of all, God was with us.
Prayer Union.
Never let your zeal flag : maintain
the spiritual glow : serve the Lord : let
your hope be a joy to you : be steadfast
in trouble, attend to prayer, contribute to
needy saints, make a practice of hos-
pitality.—Rom. xii. 11, 12 (Moffatt).
Dr. Clifford, who after a winsome life
passed from us on November 20th, re-
viewing his own life said,
“All I wish is to use my gifts and
opportunities so as
1. Not to hurt any soul, and most of
all any feeble, sensitive, suffering soul.
2. Not to enjoy any benefit life offers
in such a way as toi injure another.
3. To make every enjoyment and use
, of life an aid to someone else.”
At 87 he said :
“The perfect calm and deepening-
serenity of unquestioning faith in the
Eternal Father was never so gratefully
felt as now.”
March 2.—Among the Kopu. Rev.
F. J. Dymond. Page in Report, 36.
Rom. 12.
March 9.—Ningpo'. The schools, and
women’s work. Mrs. Bates. Pp. 70, 71.
Acts 1.
March 16.—In and around Yung Ping
Fu. Dr. Robson. Pp. 19-21. Acts 16.
March 23.—Our Hospital at Chao
Tong. Dr. Lilian Dingle. Pp. 41, 42.
Acts 21 : 1-17.
March 30.—Our Tana River stations.
Rev. B. J. Ratcliffe. Pp. 52-54. Acts
19, 1-20. See p. 50.
My Father and my God, let the fire of Thy
love consume the false shows wherewith my
weaker self has deceived me. Make me real
as Thou art real. Inspire me with a passion
for righteousness, and likeness to the Man of
Nazareth ; that I may love as He loved, and
find my joy as He found it, in being and doing
good. Dwell Thou within me that I may
have His courage, Hi9 tenderness, His sim-
plicity, to transform my own poor shadow-
self into the likeness of His truth and
strength. Amen.—(Samuel McComb).
In view of the British Empire Exhibi-
tion, opening on April 25th, we shall have
next month a thoughtful study of “Mis-
sions as a factor in world-politics,’ by
Ramsay Muir, M.A., M.P. for Rochdale.
42


FoReiGtt (OiSSionaRY seeRe53RY’s Roses.
Rev. C. STEDEFORD.
“ Missions as This is the title chosen for
I saw them.” the book in which Mrs. T.
Butler relates in graphic
style the travels and experiences of the
Deputation while touring around our
stations in China and East Africa. Other
writers will properly appraise the merits
of this work, but as a member of the
deputation I wish to congratulate the
authoress, and to express my high appre-
ciation of the service she has rendered in
giving such an excellent record of a very
memorable tour. Perhaps I know better
than anyone else the amount of labour this
task entailed throughout the journey, as
well as in weaving the story when the
journey was completed. Mrs. Butler was
always most diligent in her inquiries and
in recording information and impressions
received, and her great desire has been to
enable those who cannot visit the mission
fields to understand fully the nature and
extent of the work that is being done. In
this volume she has rendered a crowning
service to thecause she has always served
with unstinted devotion.
The Recovery I am happy to say that
of Mr. Eddon. Mr. Eddon is able to write
cheerfully concerning his
recovery. He was in the hospital for a
month, and he passed through a very
critical period for some days following the
operation, but after he began to amend
his progress was steady and continuous.
Writing on January 2nd, he was able to
say, “ I am like a new man compared with
three months ago.” He also says :
“During my stay in hospital the preachers
and friends in all our circuit centres had
daily prayer-meetings for me, and on
Christmas Sunday, when I first ventured
to our Tung Ma Lu Church, I got such a
royal welcome it almost overwhelmed me.
What a lot of loving hearts there are in
the world, to be sure ! ” When Mr. Eddon
rejoices in the affection manifested by the
members of the Chinese Church, he
simply receives a reflection of the spirit he
has always bestowed upon them. We
thank God for the restoration of our
honoured brother and pray that his
strength and service may abound yet more
and more.
Rev. William Eddon, North China, 1892—
(We rejoice in his return to service.)
43


Foreign Missionary Secretary’s Notes
The Churches Our friends should re-
on the Tana. member in much sym-
pathy and prayer our
brother B. J. Ratcliffe who, without a col-
league, is at present directing the work on
the Tana river, where the climate is
always trying and where difficulties have
been augmented in recent months by
disastrous floods. Notwithstanding these
adverse conditions, the year shows re-
markable growth in church life. There is
an increase of 293 adult members and 180
Sunday School scholars. Also during the
year there has been the systematic effort
to establish the churches on a self-support
basis. It is remarkable that this growth
should have been witnessed during a year
of exceptional trial and during the endeav-
our to promote self-support. The experi-
ence has convinced Mr. Ratcliffe that a
policy of early self-support is the right
one. He says that in a conference of the
representatives of the churches the discus-
sion of the subject “began with heart-
burning, passed to soul-searching and
ended in sanctification.” The climax
came when Mr. Ratcliffe addressed first
to the teachers and then to the elders the
two questions, “ Do you believe you are
called of God? ” and “ Do you believe that
this work is of God ? ” The answer came
in a unanimous affirmative. Then the
teachers were asked the crucial question,
“Will you leave your work?” and the
elders, “Will you lay down your burden? ”
The response was again unanimous with
a firm “No.” Thereupon, says Mr. Rat-
cliffe : “ There was nothing more to be
said. We went to our knees, and that
time of prayer will never be forgotten by
anyone present. The effort at ‘ Self-sup-
port ’ will be carried out.”
Mr. Ratcliffe gives the following ac-
count of a recent itineration.
“I am just back from a 22-days’ tour of all
our river churches, and I have had a confer-
ence of the teachers and elders. In spite of
the terrific tropical storms that broke upon
us and the rain which soaked everything in
our boxes and half filled the canoes time and
again, it has been a Wonderful experience for
which one can only thank God. I have been
preaching every day throughout the tour,
sometimes twice and even three times; min-
istered Communion in each one of our
twentv-two churches—and several times in
the humble grass huts of faithful Christians
who we^e too ill to attend public service;
and baptized ninety-eight adults and seven-
teen juniors. The Christian demeanour, the
atmosphere of humble reverence in worship
and withal the intense appreciative earnest-
ness has moved me beyond words. The
Conference with teachers and elders was not
only a time for the transaction of business
but of spiritual preparation for the services
in Christian villages, and in some we have
not as yet occupied. It has been a time I
shall not readily forget.”*
Through The following points con-
Chinese Eyes. cerning the strength and
weakness of the Church in
China are taken from an address by Mr.
T. C. Chao, one of the most prominent
leaders of the Christian Church in that
land.
He considers that one element of
strength is the general intelligence of the
Church. At present 60 per cent of males
and 40 per cent of females within the fold
are capable of reading the Bible. This
literacy of the Church as compared with
the appalling illiteracy of the non-Chris-
tian population is full of meaning ; for
ability to read God’s Word opens up
spheres of life, of comfort, hope, courage
and spiritual blessings which are closed to
the illiterate. This intelligence is largely
due to the importance given in missionary
work to education. Of the children at-
tending schools in China, the Church has
in her care one in thirty-five boys and one
in three girls. While the ratio of Chris-
tians to non-Christians is only about
one to a thousand, the ratio of students
under Christian influence and nurture to
those under non-Christian influence is
one to nineteen.
Another element of strength is the in-
crease of able, educated, intelligent Chris-
tian leadership. Mr. Chao says : “The
significant thing I wish to bring out is
that in answer to the urgent call of the
changing environment there has arisen a
class, a small class, of better qualified
and equipped ministers and laymen. In
this class of leading men and women of
the Church, there has been a rapid
growth, almost a mushroom growth, of
self-consciousness and Church opinion.
There is now a tendency toward a unified
church-consciousness and homogeneous
church ideal.”
The Church is also strong in her insis-
tent demand for high standards of moral
*See also p. 50.—Ed.
44


A New (yet Old) Dualism
conduct. “ If now I speak for a small
body of Christians within the Church, I
nevertheless think that in them lies the
strength of the Church, because they are
burdened with a sense of responsibility as
never before, they understand the mean-
ing of true Christian fellowship regardless
of racial differences and denominational
lines, and they understand also that with-
out a pure heart and without love, they
are unworthy to be called by the name of
Christ.”
In speaking of the weakness of the
Church in China, Mr. Chao, mentions first
the general weakness of her ethical con-
sciousness and life. “The non-Christian
critic observes this more clearly than our
statistics reveal it, although he is more or
less a casual observer. A great many
sins have been committed in the name of
Christ through ignorance, economic dis-
tress of various kinds, and moral corrup-
tion. It may seem strange to sound the
note of the moral backwardness of the
Church, but it is nevertheless true.”
“Then the Church is weak because she
Is still foreign and divided. This is not
because the Christian religion is alien to
the Chinese mind and heart, but because
the Church which expresses Christianity
is so variously and rigidly organized that
it does not fit in with the Chinese genius.
She is foreign both in thought and form.
So sealed is Christianity within the
organized variety of forms that its true
life and spirit can be liberated to touch
Chinese hearts and minds with very much
difficulty. This foreign character of the
Church is seen most clearly in the exist-
ence of denominations and denomina-
tionalism.”
He shows another weakness of the
Church to be her inability to adapt herself
readily to a new social and intellectual en-
vironment. “The Church to-day is frankly
rigid and dogmatic in thought, still pre-
sents herself in cloaks of the fourth and
sixteenth centuries. She does not lay suffi-
cient emphasis upon life. Thoughtful
people fear that the Church is defending
certain metaphysical concepts instead of
Christ, enthroning prejudices instead of
God, worshipping the Bible instead of the
Saviour, emphasizing traditions instead
of life, preaching orthodoxy instead of
the Gospel, perpetuating accretions in-
stead of the essence of Christianity, and
exhibiting the spirit of strife, conflict and
division instead of the spirit of love, sym-
pathy and brotherhood in one God the
Father and one Saviour Jesus Christ.”
Another weakness mentioned is the need
of a more unified and definite evangelistic,
social, economic and educational pro-
gramme for the conquest of the village for
Christ, and the need of the power to bind
Christian students in love and loyalty to
Christian service.
A New (yet Old) Dualism.
The greatest service one can give is
service for the living Church of Christ. I
know of no service so fascinating.
Here (in Central Africa) you come to a
people living under the dread of magic
and of the spirits, and you speak to them
the Name that is above every name, and
you see the whole current of national life
turning from, war to peace, from drunken
insolence to sober industry. You see this
one, and that one, believing ; and then the
little society of believers appears, and
there is a church of Christ.
Think of the glory of trying to give to
this Church its form. We may not super-
impose upon Africa our own cumbersome
elaborate system, but may create for
Africa an African Church, an African
model, with African architecture.
What we need to give them is a doc-
trine which reveals to< them the simplicity
and the wonder of God.
If I were making a creed, the first simple
article in my creed for Africa would be
that God is good ; and it is the most won-
derful thing you can tell them—that there
is character in God, and when you tell
them that He is holy, righteous, good, you
are giving them a profoundly new truth.
And the second article I should like to
teach them is that he who worships God
must be good too. For they have never
thought of associating conduct with wor-
ship, and we must save the African
Church from the most awful heresy that
can come into the Church—an unethical
Christianity. We must try to help them
to present to the world the most glorious
and convincing witness that the Church
can give, a Church that is Christlike in
its character and service.—Dr. Donald
F rasei4.
45


Why I Go
to China.
IN attempting to write a few lines under
the above title, I find it noi easy task.
It is never altogether simple to ex-
plain any decision, for one’s motives
themselves are so rarely simple, but the
cardinal fact stands out that I am going
because I must—“I can no other.” The
statement o>f this inner compulsion,
though, is merely the statement of an un-
explained fact, and carries us little farther.
The two great factors underlying it
are, so far as I can see, the true mission-
ary atmosphere of both home and church
life. While still living at home, my
youthful enthusiasm was kindled by the
visits of various missionaries on furlough,
but especially bv those of Sam Pollard,
whom we regarded as particularly our
own,* for was it not from our Providence
Church, Exeter, that he and Frank
Dymond were sent forth for the first time
to their great pioneer work ?
In spite of this, it was not with the mis-
sionary field in view that I commenced
medical study, but as time went on and
* Dr. Austin is Exeter born.—Ed.
Dr. C. J. AUSTIN.
my thoughts naturally turned on the ques-
tion as to what I should do when qualified,
I realized that there could be only one
answer.
A realization of the past history of
medical missions, both as pioneering and
consolidating agencies, together with an
assurance of their future value, was fos-
tered by a certain amount of reading on
the subject, especially in “Thirty Years
in Moukden,” by the veteran Dr. Christie,
of the U.F. Church of Scotland (whom I
also had the good fortune to meet in Edin-
burgh), and in Professor Balme’s “China
and Modern Medicine.” Both these books
can be heartily recommended to anyone
interested in the subject of medical mis-
sions and desirous of understanding
more about the practical working of medi-
cal missions.
Finally I am convinced that the close
association between the Gospels of teach-
ing and healing as exemplified in the life
of our Lord Himself, will bring a much
truer picture of the message we wish to
carry than would be possible by word of
mouth alone ; and though great things
have been done in the past by missionaries
untrained or only partially trained for
medical work, their own welcome to the
fully trained medical man indicates their
belief that nothing’ but the best of our
Western medical science is good enough
for association with the Name we bear.
Missionary Diagrams and
How to Use Them.*
Deals with the advantage, the making,
the ideas for, the sources of information,
and gives illustrations.
A simple untechnical account, by one
who is continually making diagrams, of
the materials to use, the different methods
of treatment of paper, linen and card-
board, the size of lettering, combination
of colours, practical hints as to brushes,
pasting, etc. In fact, contains all the in-
formation needed by the amateur for the
execution of a really good diagram.
U.C.M.E. Hugh Martin and A. J. Melloy. 1/6 net.
46


A HYMN FOR MISSIONARIES.
GleilWOOd. 14.14.14. Rev Arthur E. Sharpley, B.D.
Miss S. Gertrude Ford.
9 ' M r- —i 1—J i —1 • *- • -i ii
ZT I J 1 o
ftn. - - II

>> 1 I r 1 r r i i 1 > i 1
cres. 1 1 f \ poco rit. A - - men.
-J- -J- - ,-J- .CJJ-.-J- J ' 1 -0- 4 ~ * * 1 -St-* —$> —T5 1
F=r -—F— —F—f j :—
| : : l U——r—l j U—i ! L J -i—■ 1
On land and
The splendour of
Q WHITE, O white and wonderful, God’s birds are on the wing !
On land and sea * ---------- - - ’ ’ ' " '
the
a glory grows, a splendour as of Spring:
coming of the Kingdom and the King.
On far fields, on the home-field, where the plough upturned the sod,
All glad with gold of harvest laughs the way the sower trod:
Glad reapers are, and gleaners, bringing home the sheaves of God.
O hark! the challenge and the call, the trumpet and the drum !
Ready are we, and worthy, that the day of God should come ?
The stars sing; let the saints sing, though the world be deaf and dumb.
The Great King seeking servants on the far field, on the nigh,
Seeks sign of our allegiance: what can you bring, what can I ?
Now let us own Him; serve Him; let us live for Him or die !
For now His flowers are springing, and His birds are on the wing:
And like a rose His glory grows; with sound of welcoming,
With shouts of acclamation, to the Kingdom comes the King !
This hymn appeared in our issue for September, 1919. A lady deeply interested in the great cause wrote our
esteemed contributor expressing regret that there was no tune extant that fitted the lines.
So we have asked the Rev. A. E. Sharpley, Wesleyan Minister, to write a tune. We think it will be appre-
ciated. Mr. Sharpley has three tunes in the Methodist Hymnal (150. 410, 957).
As in the case of our comrade’s "Hymn for war-time," in 1915 (which was set to music by Mr. T. E. Askew.
fxeter’’ we anticipate a demand for a leaflet, and the Editor will supply them at the rate of 10 for 4d
25 for 8d., or 50 for Is., post free.
47


For Young
Folk.
A Scholarship-student
in Sierra Leone.
Rev. W. S.
MICKLETHWAITE.
I am sending you a letter written by
Joseph B. Johnson, who is receiving the
advantage of the Missionary Scholarship
fund. It is his own composition, and I
think creditable. I asked him to write,
to thank the Committee for giving him the
•opportunity of receiving a good education.
W. S. M.
Our readers will see that it would have
been unwise to Anglicise this simple story.
The boy is left to speak for himself, and in
his own idiom.—Ed.
My dear Sirs,
Although you have never seen me,
yet the fact that you have heard some-
thing of me makes me think that you
may be glad to receive a letter from me.
Joseph B. Johnson.
[Rev. W. S. Micklethwaite.
M I am the boy whom the General Super-
intendent, Rev. W. S. Micklethwaite,
brought to Freetown from Mendiland
for training in the Collegiate School as a
Scholarship boy, in August, 1921.
My home is at Moyamba, and I was
sent to< school together with my cousin,
most probably in 1911, for the main pur-
pose of learning to write and read their
letters, as our fathers held positions- of
importance as advisors in the service of
the Paramount Chief who was then
ruling. We were not sent to- a Protes-
tant School, but to* the Roman Catholic ;
but being very small and foolish, we told
our fathers that we did not wish to have
anything to do with education, and
accordingly we were sent back to drive
the birds from the farms. At the end
of 1911, our fathers sent us again tO‘
school, this time to the United Methodist
Church, under the guardianship of the
late Rev. J. B. W. Johnson, who died in
February, 1912. Our fathers told the
reverend gentleman to train us for God,
and not for reading and writing their
letters. I had played truant from the
Roman Catholic school with my cousin,
but I did not play truant with him from
the U.M.C. school. We were left under
the guardianship of Mrs. Johnson after
the death of her husband. I think that
as God wants me to bring my country-
men into Christ’s fold, this made our
mistress to have a greater liking for me
than my cousin, and consequently being
jealous of this, he played truant and he
was sent to another school in the Sherbro1
country.
In 1915 I suffered from sore feet, and
was taken home by my people, and they
did not send me again to Mrs. Johnson
because she was not sending me to school
regularly, but sent me into the villages
belonging to Moyamba to buy rice, plan-
tains, and other native products which
she would send to Freetown to retail
them.
In 1918, I was promised by the Rev.
G. O. Gabbidon, who w'as stationed at
Moyamba, that if I did well in an exam-
ination called “The Elementary Certifi-
cate Examination,” he would see that I
should be sent to the Collegiate School,
48


For Young Folk
but, unfortunately, I failed. In 1919, I
had reached the highest class in the
school, and my people took advantage of
this, especially the Paramount Chief. He
went and told my father and uncle he
wanted me to become his clerk. My
father and uncle gave their consent, and
accordingly I left school in June and be-
came his corresponding clerk. Through
all these proceedings I was preparing,
little by little, for the above examination
in order that I might be successful, and
then sent to the Collegiate School. Luck-
ily, in December, 1919, I succeeded in
the examination, but was sorry I could
not be sent to Freetown for the Col-
legiate School as I was under the employ-
ment of the Paramount Chief who loved
me dearly. When I was in his employ-
ment I never forgot to ask God in my
prayers to open a way for me so that I
might one day be sent to the Collegiate
School for a training that would fit me
to lead my brothers, sisters, families and
country folks to the Cross of Jesus. I
even asked God one day in prayer that
He might make the Chief to think less of
me. So accordingly, one day I refused to
go with him to one of his towns, Gbon-
jema, where they had put or formed a
“Wonde Society.” I thought as I did
not follow him he would be grieved with
me when he returned, but he was not
vexed ; he simply went and told my
father and uncle that I had refused to go
with him to Gbonjema, and the matter
was settled after father had given him
four shillings. This was in February,
1921.
The next month he was vexed with me
because I interpreted for the present
pastor of Moyamba, the Rev. W. T. C.
Ashley, for a piece of land which the
church wanted, to build a new and sani-
tary church. I was glad now because he
was vexed, and then I told him to his face
that I was not going to interpret for him
any more ; that is, I have ceased to write
and read his letters for him. I told him
that I received my little education which
was enabling me to write and read for him
from the Church I had interpreted for, and
therefore I was not wrong in helping them
by interpreting concerning a piece of
ground.
I went and told Rev. Ashley that the
Paramount Chief was vexed with me be-
cause I interpreted for him, and he asked
me whether I would be able now to do
mission work, as he had heard from the
members of the church that I was sent to
school for that very purpose. So he told
me to go to the school every day. He
promised to give me 10s. monthly. I was
not vexed, though I used to receive six
times this sum from the Chief ; because I
was very anxious to teach and exceedingly
joyful to be able to tell my countrymen
about Jesus Christ. When the General
Superintendent came to Moyamba in 1921,
Rev. Ashley told him about me, and he
consented to bring me to Freetown for
the Collegiate School, and accordingly 1
began my studies at school on September
1st, 1921.
I know that the Home Committee has
been good enough to pay for my school-
ing, and for this great kindness I want to
thank them very very much, and to say
that if God spares my life and it is His
will, the future of my life shall be spent
in the mission work, so that I may show
them how thankful I am for their good-
ness to me a Mendi boy. I have not been
so foolish as to kill away the opportunity
that has been granted me, and therefore
I am trying hard to pursue my studies in
school. I suffered greatly from my eyes
in May of this year, and consequently was
stopped from studying by the doctor for
three or six months. But I am thankful
to God that I got better in August and
took up my work again on the 13th. I
was greatly sorry when I was stopped
from studying. I think that as God
wants me to do His work He brought me
round before the doctor’s time.
My people are all glad that I attended
the Collegiate School, and they wish me
to become a teacher who will instruct the
children of Moyamba. I am sure, sirs,
that if I happen to become teacher of the
Moyamba school, the fact that I have
been trained at the Collegiate School will
make the people of the town send their
children toi my school.
I remember that I gave an address at
a Mendi meeting held in December last
at Moyamba, over which my father and
uncle presided, and the people who were
present were very glad and attentive too.
I must not forget to say that the
General Superintendent has been taking
49


A Conference on the Tana River
care of me, and I live with him at the
mission house.
There are times when I could wish to
leave school simply to preach Christ to
my country people before they die. For
these reasons I have never been anxious
for another situation in life, and I feel
that I was born on purpose to do the
work of God at Moyamba amongst my
people. Perhaps my native name, Wam-
beh, meaning “Come for me,” is
the ground of my coming for my
A Conference on
the Tana River.
THE conditions of life on the Tana
are different from those of our other
stations, particularly Meru. Having
been here before, I knew pretty well what
to expect. There are times when one
needs to . be almost amphibious, and
almost always one needs a hide like that
of a hippo to resist the proboscis of the
ubiquitous mosquito.
This has been a very trying year. The
abnormal rains up country have sent the
river down to the lower reaches in an
enormous flood which rose above the high
banks of the river and spread itself over
miles of the Tana valley. The houses of
the people in some instances stood in three
or four feet of water. From Fetina, our
first station from the coast, to Hola, our
farthest outpost up-river there has been
scarcely a dry hundred yards that one
could walk. Perforce, one has had to
travel by canoe.
Since my arrival in July I have visited
all the twenty-two churches, and have
preached in almost every one. The recep-
tion accorded me was occasion of un-
bounded joy. News of my coming
travelled with a rapidity surprising in this
country. As we went our wav, rounding
a bend in the river and came within sight
of a mission station, the air was filled
with tunes familiar. The Christians were
singing their welcome in tunes not inhar-
monious. The choice of hymn was in
most cases appropriate, but in two in-
stances the humour of the writer was
slightly stirred, e.g., at one place the wel-
come was, “ God be with you till we meet
people who are still groping in darkness.
I hope I have not tired you with my
letter, or that you will think me bold in
writing to you as I have done. My English
father, Rev. W. S. Micklethwaite, asked
me to write, and I want you to' know
how thankful I am to you for all you have
done for me, and I pray that God will
bless you all with long life and prosperity.
With all due regards,
Yours respectfully,
Joseph B. Johnson.
Rev. B. J. RATCLIFFE.
again.” and the farewell hymn at another,
“Hold the Fort, for I am coming.” But
of sincerity there could be no doubt.
The service at each place was soul-
moving. In every instance the church was
so full that there was scarcely standing
room. The hymns were rendered with
deep feeling, and I was strangely moved
as here and there I caught the strain of
a tuneful bass and a harmonious tenor.
The spirit of reverence prevailing was for
the most part unsurpassed by that of any
church I have visited in England, and the
eager listening was all that a preacher
could desire.
It may be of interest to you to know
that from the very early stages, when the
Wapokomo began to respond to Christian
effort and teaching, they were brought
into the councils for advance. Trained to
feel that the responsibility of winning
Pokomoni for The Kingdom was their
work equally with the white man, the
teachers were brought together for con-
sultation and mutual help in spiritual
matters.
Arising out of these consultations was
established an “Annual Conference,” first
of teachers alone, then of church elders
and teachers together. Conference deci-
sions became law which could not be
altered save by the voice of a succeeding
Conference. This is all to the good, and
whilst the resident missionary gives of
what wisdom and experience he pos-
sesses, directs here and corrects there,
the final decision goes forth not as his
voice but that of “Conference.” This
50


A Conference on the Tana River
time it was held in our Chunon.i church
two days’ journey from Ngao.*
The course of procedure is, first the
notice is sent to all the churches. This
consists of a letter in duplicate, handed
to the church elders of Ngao, whose duty
it is to send one letter to the first town
down-river, and one to the next town up-
river. The elders of that town having
submitted it to the teacher to read, they
despatch a runner to the next town with
the precious missive. The same course is
there followed, and the letter is passed on
thus until all concerned are notified.! The
members of Conference know how many
days it will take them to arrive, and they
set out accordingly. It is a fixed law
that no representative must reach the Con-
ference Town until sunset before the day
upon which Conference opens. This .is no
holiday trip or time to stay with friends.
The journey means business, serious
business.
Thus, on this occasion, the teacher
farthest south set out and met with the
next teacher, and so on, until two days
before Conference they reached Ngao,
and we proceeded together for the two
long days’ pull up-river, picking up other
teachers as we journeyed. We made good
going, and we had to stay for a couple
of hours at the village nearest to Chunoni,
so as not to break “the law of arrival.”
The teachers from up-river had timed it
*This Conference is referred to by the Secretary on p. 3.
January. See also p. 44 —Ed.
f This reminds us of the Bud-stick in Norway.—Ed.
to a nicety and their arrival synchronised
with ours.
Can one forget the scenes at the open-
ing of the various Conferences that it has
been one’s privilege to attend in the home-
land? The greetings of friends long
parted ! ! I The same thing happened at
Chunoni on September 19th. “Eh !
Stefano, peace to you ! How are you?
It’s good to see you again ! ! What’s the
news? Eh, Filipu, peace to you 1 ! And
what’s your news? I am so glad to see
you ! ! How is the work? ” So on all
sides, hand-shaking and greeting most
sincere. Yes, and the quip is not wanting,
for these men are not without humour.
“ Say, Sylvano, you look well ! ! ! Who
is your tailor? ” And the laugh goes up
from those of us who look on. But sun-
set in Africa means speedy falling of
night’s sable cloak. Yet the moon had
been consulted in making our arrange-
ments, and, with that luminary at half,
groups still chatted despite the armour-
piercing proboscis of the thousand un-
invited guests—mosquitoes. For some
time the odour of cooking had been in the
air, but now the Ladies of Conference
Town saw the end of their toil for that
day, and Conference members were soon
assembled in the place where “ they had
all things in common.”
The meal over, they settled down to
business, and I stood aside and listened.
Here was the Connexional Committee at
work I ! ! Picture the scene ! Around a
smoke fire, to minimize as far as may be
51


A Conference on the Tana River
the attacks of mosquitoes, these men
gathered ; not to spin yarns, nor to ex-
change notes, or even sermons. In a
clearing a little apart from the town, with
its houses of grass, behind them the deep
shadows of tropical trees and scrub, over
all the light of the silvery moon, and
these men, “in committee ” ! They have
forgotten the hours and toils of their
journey, they are in for business and no
time is to be lost. There are problems
that will infringe too much on the allotted
time of two days if left for the morrow :
these must be brought down to the ele-
mental facts for decision, shaped before
submitted to open Conference. Here is
one with all the ardour of the youthful
visionary, who says, “ it must be thus and
thus.” A grey head rises and says, “Not
so, brother Yohana, it is thus and thus
that these matters are settled,” and youth
bows to experience. As I listened, I
thought “These men know what they are
talking about! They can think ! They
can organise I Logic is theirs ! Yes,
and soul! All will be well I ” Far into
the night that committee sat, long after I
had sought the comfort of my camp-bed,
and slumber brought me dreams of a far-
off land where I saw again many a
“father” of our beloved Church speak-
ing of things that move the soul.
Conference opened with public service
and sermon, conducted and preached by
myself at 8 a.m. on September 20th. A
time I shall not soon forget. As the rich
tones of those teachers’ voices led the
congregation in the opening hymn, I saw
beyond the work of the day something of
what all these people of swarthy skin
may be, will be, in the day of the United
Choir.
Business session opened with a soul-
moving prayer in which Joseph Jara-—an
old Golbanti boy of Ormerod’s day—led
us to the throne in a petition for grace
and guidance and the spirit of brotherli-
ness. And he did not forget the mother
church in England. With a stirring tone
of thankfulness for her past, he prayed
for her enrichment still. Then Confer-
ence settled down to business with the
calling of the roll. The morning" was
given up to a Report and discussion upon
the Spiritual condition of the churches.
It was a time of searching and refresh-
ing. Two pointed questions were put to
the members from the chair. “Have you
joy in your work? ” “Is the work in its
deepest sense progressing? ” To the first
the countenance illumined was sufficient
answer, but backed by vocal expression,
stirred me to the deeps. These men had
been through the test of lonely ye.ars,
fighting against old-time prejudice, some
had witnessed the ravages of war, all
had faced the gaunt spectre of famine,
but with joy undimmed they rejoiced in
the service of their common Lord. One
thing, however, was pressing heavily
upon them, the young men were leaving
these outlying districts for the larger
towns and more populous areas touched
by the forces of a new civilisation, and
where commerce afforded opportunities
of gain, and where were greater attrac-
tions. They feared for the well-being of
these youths : their souls. The chair ex-
horted them to undismayed service. These
young men were hearing the wider call of
things that are new. The movement to
new spheres could not be stayed. It was
the law of the universe. Theirs the price-
less privilege of fashioning and mould-
ing these young men that they be not
despoiled by the allurements of material
gain and the subtle influences of things
that are new.
There was a break for lunch. But
Conference resumed again at two o’clock,
sitting almost until sunset. Again the
committee sat far into the night preparing
the matters for the following day.
A baptismal service, in which three
adults were received into the fellowship
of the church, opened the second day of
Conference. Throughout the remaining
sessions business acumen and spiritual in-
tensity were a combination that impressed
me with the fact that unspeakably good
work has been done in the years that are
past, to the gathering of whose fruit the
years ahead will bear still more joyful
record.
Conference was brought to a close on
the morning of the third day, when I
again conducted public service.
Farewells were speedily taken, and the
members of Conference went back to
their stations, whilst I pursued my way
up-river for services to be conducted in
other of the churches. In our souls was
thankfulness for all that had been re-
vealed to us in our gathering, and the
prayer that blessing may still attend the
labours of the church in every land.
52


“ Missions As I
Saw Them.”*
By
Mrs. THOMAS BUTLER.
A Review.
HIS is the book United Methodists
have long been waiting for. Mrs.
Butler tells us in the preface how
she had dreamed for years of one day
seeing with her own eyes the places where
our missionaries were toiling, the homes,
chapels, colleges, hospitals, the native
peoples and their surroundings. Many
of us have had the same dream, but shall
die without the sight. In this book we
have the next best thing. We see them
through the eyes of one who understands,
and who has a marvel-
lous gift of vivid and
picturesque description.
The Deputation ap-
pointed by the Confer-
ence of 1921 to visit our
Chinese and East Afri-
can Missions was an
ideal combination. Rev.
C. Stedeford had long
and intimate experience,
from a similar visitation
many years ago and
from constant correspon-
dence with all the mis-
sionaries. Mr. Thomas
Butler brought into the
service an exceptional
expertness in photo-
graphy, and in all prac-
tical questions associated
with the building of
houses or chapels or col-
leges, a sound judgment,
withal a life-long enthu-
siasm for missions and
a tenderness of heart
which sometimes sur-
prised those who did not
know him well.
The third member of
the Deputation was the
most interesting of the
three. Mrs. Butler’s
name had already become
a household word among
us, through her long as-
sociation with the
'Women’s Missionary
Auxiliary and the pros-
perous period of her
Presidency. A Woman,
*Henry Hooks. 12 Farrinfidon
Avenue, London, E.C.4. 6s. net.
at a time of life when she had earned some
right to partial retirement, she undertook
the bravest task of her life.
She brought a valuable asset into the
combination from the mere fact that she
was a woman. Wherever she went she
would ascertain in particular what was
being done, or left undone, for women
and children. The very wonder of her
coming would be a means of grace to the
Chinese converts ; perhaps even more to
the African.
View from the 600-step temple, Wenchow.
(Lent by Seeley, Service & Co.)
53
[Mr. T. Butler, J.P,


“Missions As I Saw Them’’
The Deputation thus constituted visited
all the great centres of our work in China
and East Africa, did their work un-
hurriedly and thoroughly, and returned by
the mercy of God in good health. They
presented their report, a competent and
convincing piece of work.
In our deliberate judgment this book
will do what the best report could not do.
Imagination, poetry, picturesque descrip-
tion, eloquence, enthusiasm, you do not
expect in a report. These qualities are an
impertinence. It is an achievement if the
Divine glow can make itself visible in a
report.
But here is a book with all these quali-
ties in it. It is written, every page of it,
currente calamo and from a full heart.
It is occasionally critical, it is never cyni-
cal. You see what the author sees, and
you see it as she sees it. Each centre has
its graphic description. In Yunnan, in-
deed, the way to the uplands was blocked
for Mr. and Mrs. Butler, and the Story of
Lights and Shades in Yunnan Hills is told
by Mr. Stedeford. We congratulate him
on his charming chapter. The scenes he
describes are fragrant with memories of
Sam Pollard, and of wonderful Pentecos-
tal times. I hank God, the glorious toil
goes on. We have fine workers on all our
fields to-day and the book tells you all
about them. At Ningpo, the next centre
to be visited, we see in the dim back-
ground the venerable figures of Galpin
and Swallow, and are introduced to their
vigorous successors, no less competent
and devoted.
Thence to Wenchow, inseparably asso-
ciated with the name of Soothill, and still
revealing his prescience and energy.
Only lack of means and men hinder the
developments and extensions which he
foresaw. Mrs. Butler pleads with
pathetic earnestness for a re-enforcement
to those who are heroically holding the
fort.
North China comes next. With a fine
unconscious impartiality, Mrs. Butler
says of. Shantung: “It is the most com-
plete mission we have in China.” She
tells the story of a dreamer coming to
Peking more than fifty years ago and
asking for a missionary to be sent to Chi
Chia Tsai, 130 miles away, and of the
phenomenal successes there, as inspiring
as those in Yunnan to-dav, and creating
ft sensation through all the missionary
world of China. The thrilling story is
told in a few paragraphs, but it will fire
the spirit of everyone who reads it. The
great pioneers again stand out—Innocent
and Hall; and the 44 and 46 years' dis-
tinguished service of Dr. Candlin and
John Hinds is not forgotten.
We have no- space left to tell of what
Mrs. Butler saw in East Africa, of the
adventurous journey up the Tana river,
of the visit to Meru, our youngest
station, of romantic possibilities, of the
long service and patriarchal influence of
Mr. Griffiths, of the memories of Wake-
field and New and Carthew, of palavers-
with village communities, of the strange
but generous hospitalities of the faithful
native Christians, nor even of the labours
in face of enormous difficulties of our
present-day missionaries.
Two or three general remarks may be
added. It is bare justice to call attention
to the profound impression made on the
deputation by the extent and success of
our whole missionary enterprise, and the-
possibilities on every field of still more
brilliant results if our resources could only
be made equal to our opportunities.
Quite as whole-heartedly they rejoice in
the efficiency of our staff, and in their sus-
tained enthusiasm and devoted labours..
The pity is that the staff is too small for
its purpose.
There is a chapter on the great Mission-
ary Conference at Shanghai for the in-
auguration of “the Church, of China,”'
and there are shrewd touches on the
perennial question of general policy.
Christian education and concentration, or
far - flung evangelism. Probably' the
answer is “Neither, but both.” “ This-
ought ye to do and not to leave the other
undone.” It is probably true that if Lon-
don, New York and Paris could be con-
.Verted to God in this generation, the
world would be converted in the next. But
experience shows that there are peoples
and communities ready and eager for the
Gospel. They should have it, and they
should have it soon. Yet educate, cer-
tainly, for the Church of China of to-mor-
row will need all the native pastors,
preachers, teachers and Christian rulers-
and leaders that all your colleges and’
universities can produce.
This remarkable book, by a writer of
most versatile ability, contains vivid
descriptions of places of renown in China
5t


“ The Light-Bearers ”
quite remote from any of our missions.
The wonders of that strange land and of
its civilization and glories when yet our
own Britain was dark in barbarism have
evidently stirred the writer to the deeps.
She has not only the artist’s sensitive-
ness to beauty of earth and sea and sky,
but she feels the melancholy charm of
ancient monuments, of ruined temples, of
half-forgotten imperial dynasties, and
appreciates the bizarre and sometimes
grotesque artistry of the native talent.
The book should command a public in-
terest beyond our own Church.
Yet primarily it is for us. If it could
only be read in every United Methodist
home it might well be the means of in-
spiring a new era of missionary enter-
prise, and securing for our Church a yet
more honourable place in the resolute war
to secure a new and better world under
the kingship of Jesus Christ, Whose sole
right it is to reign.
Lucanus.
“ The Light-Bearers.” *
A Review by
Rev. J. A. BEDWARD.
ETHODISM in its several parts
has put its hands effectively on
the Continents, and the world to-
day is indeed John Wesley’s parish. Apart
from other considerations, the re-union of
British Methodism makes a strong ap-
peal to such as love our missions, because
it will bring India and other centres of
vast populations more immediately into
their sympathies and their prayers. This
book does not deal, as far as one can dis-
cover, with Methodist missions in India,
but it tells a fine story of Christian work
in that great Empire.; and if any of our
Women’s Auxiliaries are anxious to.pro-
vide variety and widen the outlook of their
members much of this book might be read
month by month to their members.
Written primarily for the encouragement
of Indian Christians, the writer hopes to
draw out the sympathies of English
Christians towards their Indian brethren,
many of whom bear steadfast witness to
Christ in face of not a little persecution.
The opening of the story bears
some resemblance to that of the “ Old
dreamer,” whose visit to Tientsin led to
the opening of our fruitful Shantung field.
From far Radhapur there came two
strangers, and standing outside the mis-
sion school they heard the youngsters re-
citing' their tables. Invited to enter, they
heard the closing hymn, “Dare to be a
Daniel,” and noting the quality and
lustiness of the singing, the order and
obedience, were greatly impressed. The
strangers had come seeking a Teacher.
The Teacher listened to their request, and
passed it on to the mission authorities, but
like Frank Crossley, when he thought of
* By Anstice Abbott. Christian Literature Society for
India and Africa, 35 John Street, Bedford Row, W.C 1. 2/6
installing the Salvation Army at the .Star
Hall, in Ancoats, the teacher heard a voice
saying, “Goyourself !” After much heart-
searclhing and consultation with his. wife,
Balwantrao gave up his successful work,
and with his wife, Walubai, struck out
for Radhapur. The story is one of
humble beginnings, of persistence in spite
of difficulties, of prejudices slowly over-
come, of careful sowing of the Gospel seed
and, of course, of persecution which in-
evitably marks the attack on heathen
darkness. The native Headman is cau-
tious, but, ambitious to appear well in the
eyes of his. people, he encourages the
Teacher. The conceit and patronage of
the Headman are amusing'. The native
priests play their sinister parts and bitter
suffering and even martyrdom are the
price enquirers a'nd converts pay when
coming into the light. The issue of much
consecrated toil was seen in the erection
of a suitable churcih, a respectable school-
house, built and paid for bv the villagers
themselves. The burden of the teacher’s
salary was removed from the mission
funds and borne by the villagers. Fara-
bai, the teacher’s daughter, becomes the
popular mistress of the girls’ school ; and
the Mahar quarter, the slum of the out-
casts, is transformed. Boys of the vil-
lage and the Mahars are sent for industrial
training, or to the Government Agricul-
tural School, some even to the Divinity
School, and one of the latter returns to
be pastor of the flock.
The teacher and his wife were Indians
converted to the faith of Christ. The
woman is the more heroic figure of the
two, a not unusual thing; but the value
of the story lies largely in the fact that
55


The Gratitude of a Chinese
these two are just such as, by the grace
of God, any two of us might be. Knowing
nothing of a “colour line” we recognise
them, as we do our beloved native
workers in China and Africa, as one with
us, in Christ Jesus.
The Gratitude of a
Chinese.
The Rev. Frederick Galpin has received
the following letter from Ningpo :
Dear Mr. Galpin,
Perhaps a little news of the above-
named College, which is so, closely asso-
ciated with your name* may not be un-
welcome to you.
Frequently as I move about among the
older members of our Mission in Ningpo,
I hear your name mentioned with respect
and love'. Mr. Zi, pastor of our Settle-
ment Church and Chinese teacher in the
College, is very fond of referring to you
as “his dear teacher.”
About six months ago a beautifully
framed portrait of yourself was presented
to the College by Mr. Tsiu Cong Liang,
with suitable inscription appended there-
to. Mr. Tsiu, a former student of the Col-
lege, has become one of the richest
* The Chinese name for our Ningpo College is “ Fidih,” a
transliteration of the name “ Frederick."
I-’
The Rev. Frederick Galpin (“ Fidih,”)
Rev. W. P. BATES, M.A.
merchants in Ningpo, and has a house in
the city that I believe is larger than the
College itself. He has been one of our most
generous supporters in extension work.
The portrait is large and beautiful. The
following is the gist of it in English :
“The Rev. Frederick Galpin, my teacher,
took me under his care when I was eight
years old and taught me with untiring devo-
tion. No one who became acquainted with
him could fail to feel the kindness and
friendliness of his disposition. I regret that
my extreme youth prevented my understand-
ing all the meaning of his profound teaching,
but even that which I grasped abides with
me to-day, and I ponder it every time I eat
my rice.
“ My teacher is now eighty years old, but
still continues in the service of God in the
City of London with as much spirit and
energy as, when a young man, he organized
the ‘ Society for Natural Feet ’ and the
‘ Anti-Opium Society,’ and in addition in-
stituted boys’ and girls’ schools in my coun-
try. All the work he has done in this respect
is too valuable and too great to be described
by this humble pen.
“ Some time ago Mr. H. S. Redfern sent
me a photograph of my revered friend, and
while regarding it I was brought suddenly
into the light of his former days. I was then
moved to have this photograph enlarged,
framed and hung in the Ningpo Methodist
College as a permanent memorial of my be-
loved and honourable teacher.
“From his faithful student,
“Tsiu Cong Liang.
“A.D. 1923.”
I am delighted to, say that the College
continues to be very prosperous. Last
term we admitted 230 students; more
than ever we have had before, and our
capacity for accommodation was strained
to its utmost limits. As I am single-
handed, I realize that the work is far too
great for one man and am looking forward
ardently to the return of Mr. Redfern.
There is nothing to do, however, but to
hold on, and I trust with God’s blessing
that I shall be able to hold out.
Hoping that this little reminder of your
former days may not be unacceptable,
56


Mrs. J. B. BROOKS, B.Litt.
A Visit to a Station Class.
By Sister Lily Armitt.
Chu Chia Tsai,
Dec. 6, 1923.
URING the past month my time has
been spent in station class work.
In order to give you a better idea
of this branch of women’s work, just pre-
tend you are a visitor, and I will introduce
you to the classes and their members.
Our first class, which is held at Wu
Ting, is a day’s journey from Chu Chia.
On the way we call at Middle Village and
pick up the preacher’s wife, Mrs.. Dien,
who at one time lived at Wu Ting, and
longs to attend the class there. We stay
here for a sandwich lunch, and have a
meeting with the members and school
girls. One of Miss Turner’s old girls is
now in charge of the school. Dr. Plum-
mer’s visit two days previous paves the
way for a message on “They that are
whole need for a physician.”
The day following our arrival at Wu
Ting is a day of various duties ; receiving
members for the class and other visitors ;
getting the house in order and meeting in
committee the three co-workers, Pastor
Chang Tsun Shih,* Mr. Sun, and the
Bible-woman Mrs. Liu.
One promising feature of the arrivals is
that four out of the fourteen women are
young brides from 17 to 21 years, two
being the wives of students in the Higher
Primary School, and another the wife of
the school-cook. Surely the young men
are asserting their rights a little more,
and the iron of the mother-in-law is lessen-
ing its grip!
The daily programme has to fit in with
the two meals per day, so> the reading
classes commence at 10 a.m. ; all the be-
ginners reading the Catechism, and church
members “Short Steps to Great Truths.”
* See p. 41.—Ed.
At eleven o’clock they listen to the ex-
planation of a fine book for women, “The
Christian Home in China,” the part
selected this time being “ How to train
my children in Christian virtues.”
At 11.45 classes are again formed to
teach hymns they wish to learn or to know
better, those chosen being “Jesus loves
me, ’’“Come to Jesus,” or “I’ll forsake
the sinners’ ways.” How much we owe
to Christian homes and influences ! For it
would be unthinkable at home, for anyone
to> grow up without knowing one hymn.
A period of prayer closes the morning
session, when it is a privilege to help
beginners to form their first sentences of
prayer to the one true God, and express
their individual needs.
This time the afternoon talks deal with
sin, repentance, Jesus the Saviour, the
fruits of the Spirit, the means of grace,
etc. The last classes of the day are for
the phonetic script. Those who have at-
tended previous station classes read a
primer with Mrs. Liu, while I teach the-
forty signs.
The second meal of the day is at four
p.m. The evening they spend in review-
ing the lessons of the day, closing with,
prayer.
How they enjoy the trip to the city with
me on market day ! They take as long to
buy hair cord and garters as we did in the
old days when we had a halfpenny to
spend on sweets.
The lantern slides are again of absorb-
ing interest, whether to the members and
school boys or to the outsiders. For the
former we give the “Life of Christ”
series, and another night for the latter,
the parables of the Lost Sheep and the
Prodigal Son. Surely some of the prodi-
gals in the congregation, after hearing
such an earnest explanation of the pictures
must form the resolution expressed in the
57


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
last hymn, “I’ll forsake the sinners’
ways.”
Our second class is at Chu Chia, and
the new arrivals, together with the Bible-
school women, form a happy family.
Former members returning are now ad-
vanced enough to read their Bibles at
prayers and for reading lessons. This is
our aim for every woman member of
Christ’s Church in China.
Mrs. Chang, who puts down a silver
dollar apart from her station class fee,
says : “ I want to stay on a fortnight
longer.” S'he has made wonderful pro-
gress with her reading; last New Year
she was just a stray visitor who bought a
catechism which God has used to open
her heart to the truth. Another woman,
Mrs. Liu, says she is coming back a little
later, and these, with several others, hope
to confess Christ in baptism this coming
Christmas Day.
Pastor Cheng’s lecture on “ Pilgrim’s
Progress ” made us love the old classic
more deeply and wish that all our
preachers knew and loved it more. My
gramophone affords two first-class Eng-
lish concerts, and the women receiving an
explanation of each record enjoy the new
and strange pleasure. Mrs. Kuo, who
bends down to see where the sound comes
from, is a new enquirer from Tei Ping.
Last year she lost two sons by death, one
a soldier and the other learning a trade
in Tientsin. Her husband heard the Gos-
pel at the city fair last June, and on re-
turning home advised her to believe in the
new doctrine, for, said he, “ It will com-
fort your sorrowing heart.” She took
his advice and visited Mr. and Mrs. Wang
at the church and bought a catechism.
As her husband cannot read, she got a
relative to teach her, so that, on coming to
our class, she was forward in her know-
ledge of character, but did not understand
the meaning. So many, like the Ethiopian
eunuch of old, when asked, “ Understand-
est thou what thou readest ?” answer,
“How can I, except some man should
guide me? ”
She has been very diligent and full of
interest in all she saw and heard ; learning
to pray for herself and her one remaining
boy of nine who, s'he says, must believe
as she does. Surely for her the “Light of
the World ” is dispelling the darkness
and despair of heathenism, and you are
helping to send the light.
God bless you, and make your gifts a
blessing to many others is the prayer of
E. Lily Armitt.
The women’s ward in
Wenchow Hospital.
[.Hr. T. Butler, J.P.
58


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
Autumn Glory and Harvest
Thanksgiving in Chao Tong.
By Miss Lettie Squire, B.A.
My Dear Friends,
There are many to whom I should
like to write personally, but cannot, for
lack of time. Will you accept a homely
letter, sent through the pages of the
Echo ?
We are having, on the whole, beautiful
weather this autumn, even though the
rain did come just as I had planned a
day in the country. On referring to my
notes, I find that this was not the case
last year, for then the month of October
had been so unusually wet that the rice
harvest was in serious danger of being
ruined. On the last day of the month the
city authorities felt that it was time to
take the matter in hand ; accordingly
they closed the gate which faces north, in
order to shut out the inclement weather,
while they also fired into the sky to break
up the clouds. Strange to say, these
measures heralded a change in the
weather, there being a sharp frost that
very night, and bright sunshine the fol-
lowing morning ! We have been more
fortunate this year, for we have all been
rejoicing in day after day of invigorating,
golden sunshine, and the rice harvest is
especially good. I am so glad, for it
means cheaper food, and makes a great
difference to the welfare of the people.
One cannot help realizing here the great
importance of the weather, for almost
everyone has crops of some kind depend-
ent on its vagaries. I wish you could
take a journey across our Chaot’ong plain
on a fine autumn day. In the beginning
of October the people are busy gathering
in the maize harvest ; you would be in-
terested to see the workers, in blue garb,
stripping the standing stalks of their
bulging cobs, and throwing them into
deep baskets which are carried on the
back ; these, when full, are emptied into
the waiting ox-carts, whose solid, ill-
shaped wheels are dragged bumping
through ruts over a foot deep, by the
patient, plodding oxen. You would enjoy,
too, gazing" across wide stretches of ripen-
ing rice, glowing a rich gold-brown in the
sunlight, to the distant mountain-ranges
that ring us round, and provide an ever-
varying study in colour, as also in light
and shade. Your attention would also
be attracted by splashes of bright colour
here and there, formed by strings of scar-
let chillies hanging against the sun-dried
mud bricks of the houses, and the orange-
red pumpkins which are thrown into relief
by the thatched or clay-tiled roofs. At
this time of the year, too, numbers of
wild geese fly overhead in an irregular
V-shape, calling to each other as they
journey through the blue from chilly
northern climes toi the sunnier lands of
the south. I am not, however, fortunate
enough to have these outdoor pleasures
as my daily portion, for my work keeps
me within the city walls ; it is only when
a free day and fine weather coincide, that
I can taste the delights of a visit to the
country.
In connection with the church we have
recently celebrated our harvest festival.
It has been the custom for many years for
the schoolgirls to decorate the women’s
side of the chapel and the schoolboys the
men’s side. So, as the time draws near,
schemes of decoration are evolved which
might astonish some English congrega-
tions—angels and sickles, rainbows and
snow crystals, the gifts of the seasons,
and many other ideas have been repre-
sented in various forms. Chinese written
characters are themselves very decorative,
so suitable inscriptions are often carried
cut either in seeds of some kind or in
cotton wool. The girls used one design
throughout this year, instead of several
small ones as at other times. They pre-
pared eighteen diamond shapes of alter-
nating colours (red and blue, to tone with
the colouring of the chapel) and on these
were carried out, in cotton wool, the
eighteen characters which represent the
nine “Fruits of the Spirit.” They also
made a star with the inscription “Fruits
of the Spirit.” The red shapes were
edged with moss and the blue with red
berries. In addition, they fastened sprigs
of evergreen and flowers to split bamboo,
which could be bent round the! eight win-
dows on our side of the chapel. The
scheme was simpler than many which
have been carried out in previous years,
but it looked quite pretty, besides being
appropriate to the occasion. The scholars
also brought some gifts in kind—cobs of
maize variously coloured, from ruby-red
to gold, chillies, marrows and pears:
these we arranged in front of the rostrum
together with some flowers (mostly chry-
59


Bookland
santhemums) and asparagus fern. One
small boy of five brought some tiny fancy
baskets filled with rice and maize ; they
were very precious to him, and he
thought God would be pleased ; but when
the end of the week came (for services
were held daily) and his offerings were
still in evidence, this same small boy was
reduced to tears. He said he thought
God would have come to take his gifts,
and he was bitterly disappointed when it
seemed as if God had taken no notice.
Poor little chappie ! we had to' comfort
him as well as we could by telling him
that God knew all about it, and was
pleased with his little baskets of grain.
The harvest festival services always
attract large crowds of people, so that
this year1 it was only possible to1 have one
united service on Sunday morning ; the
chapel was filled to overflowing, and we
had to have forms down the aisles. From
Monday to Friday meetings for women
were held in the afternoon, and those for
men in the evening. Mrs. Hicks had also
Compassion.
O’er the grey earth
The mists come stealing down.
But in my heart
There glows a light
Mists would disown.
For well I know that through life’s wind-
ing maze
Hath walked the Son of God.
Over its thorny ways.
His feet have trod.
His heart—unloved by those for whom it
yearned—•
Still loved !
His touch—tho’ by His brethren He was
spurned—
Still healed !
And why should I—
For whom the shadows do not always
fall—
Why should I seek a flowery path and
bright
While thousands go a-hungering for the
light?
Nay, rather let me seek His will to do.
“Who shares My travail, shares My glory
too.”
Humilitas.
arranged a children’s service in the old
chapel one afternoon, when three of the
schoolgirls gave addresses—it being their
free half-day. Our hope is that these ser-
vices will prove to have been a sowing-
time, which shall in future days bring
forth a rich and plentiful harvest ; and in
this hope we know that you join with us.
When the reaping time comes we shall
all rejoice together, for have we not been
co-workers, and workers together with
God in this vast harvest-field of China?
Shuang-mei sends love toi you all. We
often speak together of the happy days
spent in your homes, when everyone was
so kind to us both. I am so thankful that
we are able to work together in the
school, for Shuang-mei is an invaluable
helper, being always so dependable, and
so much in earnest. She also exercises a
very good influence over the scholars
among whom she is very popular.
May 1924 be full of the richest bless-
ing for you all.
Lettie Squire.
Bookland.
“Creative Forces in Japan.” *
The author writes as a life-long lover,,
servant, and teacher of the Japanese, and
the book was passing through the press
just as the people of Japan were “being
swept by a terrible earthquake into the
foreground of the international stage.” It
is therefore a timely and helpful contribu-
tion, and explains very clearly the resili-
ence of the people concerned. Mr. Fisher
shows us their assets and liabilities, the
effect of militarism, reaction and liberal-
ism, and deals effectively with their social
and religious problems. After acknow-
ledging the achievements of the Christian
movement, he deals with the Challenge of
to-day and to-morrow.
He instances a scene at the World’s
Sunday School Convention in Tokyo three
years ago as vividly representing the
forces now moulding Japan. “A great
chorus of young Christians, reinforced by
a hundred missionaries, made the gal-
leries of the Imperial theatre resound to-
the thrilling harmonies of the Hallelujah
Chorus. All distinctions of Orient and:
Occident, of foreigner and Japanese,
were fused into one mighty ensemble.”
* Galen Fisher. U.C.M.E., 3s. 6d.
60


Missions and the Great
British Empire Exhibition. THE EDITOR
THIS will be the event of the year.
The vantage - ground is to be
Wembley, north-west London, and
the exhibition will open on St. George's day,
April 23rd, and continue until October 31 st.
Ever on the alert for expression
solidation, the eager officials of
the Conference of British Mis-
sionary Societies convened a
meeting to consider the ques-
A
It
or
con-
is very precious.)
a display such as
,” in 1922, nor
tion, quite early last year,
committee was formed,
seemed at first too formidable to
attack, but gradually organiza-
tion followed courage and re-
source. The notable organizer
of missionary exhibitions for the
C.M.S.—Mr. T. H. Baxter—was
elected secretary, and later Miss
Lettice M. Shann,
B. Sc., was made
his assistant for this
special event, with
headquarters at the
C. M.S.
Ultimately it was
found that the or-
ganisers would be
the S.P.G., C.M.S.,
L.M.S., W.M.M.S.,
S .
C.
P.
U.
U.E.C.S., P.C. of
I., and E.P.M.S.
(We apologise in a
sense for using
initials instead of
- *
p.
E.
M.
M.
The Memorial to Sir Henry Lawrence, Lucknow.
[Favoured by the Bible Society.
titles, but. our space
This is not to be
“Africa and the East
“Harrogate 1923,” but it is an effort to
relate Christian missions to the marvel-
lous exploits of our Empire : to bring
before the visitors from all parts
of the world the spiritual forces
which have contributed to its
up-building and expansion.
When we hear the word “ Ex-
hibition ” there springs to the mind
at once a vision of the world ; for
Britain forms so great a part
of it. We must narrow the vista ;
there are empires and empires.
We must think of the mission-
ary impact which has been felt
on the great countries of the
world which are beneath the
sway of His Majesty King
George, aided by his alert and
sagacious peoples.
We possess one-fifth of the
habitable globe. In our domin-
ions there are
Hindus !
Mohammedans
Christians
B u d d-
hists
Pagans
a total of 397,000,000
—nearly as many as
the great continent
of China. And of
course w h e n we
speak of Britain, we
mean Australia, New
208 millions.
94
60
12
23
) )
(
April, 1924.


Missions and the Great British Empire Exhibition
'Zealand, Canada, and the Africas, as well
as these tiny islands in which we favoured
ones live.
But more than that :
“ For more than a century a long suc-
cession of great-souled men and women
have gone out from Britain, as adminis-
trators, soldiers, doctors, traders and
missionaries, to labour for the uplift-
ing of other peoples, to ensure that they
should reap where they had sown, to
bring them into the obedience of Christ.
There are the Gordons and Lawrences
and Livingstones, who constitute one
of the chief glories of our race. The
support they have received, and the
reverence in which they are held by
their fellows testify that to a very large
degree Britons have realized the great
responsibility for the extension of the
Kingdom of God that has been placed
upon our nation.”*
May the Christian Church—in Britain
and Greater Britain—be nobly true to
her high calling to evangelise, evan-
gelise, evangelise. After the tragedy and
suffering of nearly ten years, may it not
*The Rev E. W. Smith, in an able article in “The Bible in
the World” for March.
be that we are having a vivid reinforce-
ment of what is a privilege as well as a
responsibility as we witness the pageant
of empire? All this I—and Jesus Christ
as Master, Lord and Saviour I ! Nothing
less is worthy», nothing else will satisfy.
It is certain that much of the Exhibi-
tion will constitute an attempt to belaud
the commercial and military greatness of
the Commonwealth, and this is inevitable.
But the union of the Missionary Societies
should draw the mind—also inevitably—to
that greater and superimposing force,
which every man and women in the em-
pire realises as the greatest, whether he
or she follows it closely or not. The secret
is our Bible? It has bound the world
together, it is. saturating the human with
the Divine, the transitory with the
permanent.*
After the spectacular comes the prosaic.
We are to take our share as United
Methodists in the deliberate demand that
Christian thought and purpose have
benefited if not yet permeated our Empire.
Our Foreign Missions Committee have
contributed a modest grant to the expense
incurred by the preparation of what are
called “Christian Service Exhibits.” These
open a large arena for voluntary service
in the provision of stewards for the
various courts, representing
India and Africa. There
will also be a Book
Room. For this and Africa
we are asking for about
seventy stewards. Offers
may be sent to the Editor
of this magazine right
up to the time of open-
ing and even beyond.
We have six separate
weeks to fill. All particu-
lars will be given as
they arise, in the “United
Methodist,” to which we
refer our readers.
As many a time when
we have felt the thrill of
the great Christian pro-
gramme, also at the Ex-
hibition, and afterwards,
we may join in the addi-
tion so wisely made to the
National Anthem :
*See advertisement on cover of our
March issue.
62


On the Way
One realm of races four,
Blest more and ever more,
God save our land.
Home of the brave and free,
Set in the silver sea,
True nurse of chivalry,
God save our land.
Kinsfolk in love and birth
From utmost ends of earth,
God save us all.
Bid strife and hatred cease,
Bid hope and joy increase,
Spread universal peace,
God save us all.
Prayer Union.
“ Love is never glad when others go
wrong. Love is gladdened by goodness,
always slow to expose, always eager to
believe the best, always hopeful, always
patient.”—1 Cor. 13: 6.
Not voice but vows :
Not harp-string, but heart-string :
Not loudness but devoutness :
In God’s own ear doth sing.
Latin hymn.
April 6.—Ningpo Methodist College.
Rev. W. P. Bates, B. A. Page in report,
43-45. 2 Cor. 2 : 12-17.
April 13.—Lao Ling and Wu Ting Cir-
cuits. Rev. D. V. Godfrey. Pp. 22, 22-
24. Luke 14 : 1-11.
April 20.—Our Evangelistic campaign.
Rev. T. Sunderland and Rev. R. P.
Campbell. Pp. 13, 14. Luke 15 : 11-32.
April 27.—The City Temple meetings.
28, the Foreign Missions Committee at
Waterloo Road. 29 and 30, Rev. C.
Stedeford.
Prayer
For the great regions in Africa, where
paganism, Islam, and Christianity face
one another to-day.
“We beseech Thee, O God, that the
Church, startled from ease by the challenge
of Af'ica, may »pprrhend the vital forces of
Ch’istiani'y over against I*lam, may realise
that the Gospel alone c»n recreate African
m«nho»d and womanhood, and mav gird
itself for a new measure of sacrificial
service.*’—I.R.M.
of the Cross
On the Way of the
Cross.*
[Reflections of a missionary martyr
on his way to martyrdom.]
I am like
A flame the great winds strike;
A flame, howbeit, upon the Lord’s high altar,
Although it dip, and flicker and falter,
And sully itself a little in the smoke;
A heart that bent not, even when it broke,
Offering up. as an odour of sweet spice,
Itself for sacrifice.
Hear how the fierce gales rave, and eddy
and roar,
Against the temple door.
See how the little flame is blown about!
Yet goes not out.
The way is plain He hath appointed me:
To Golgotha,—to Calvary.
Must I too drink of His most bitter cup?
Must I be lifted up
As He was, would I draw men even as He?
. . . Now we have passed Gethsemane
On the Way of Sorrows : heart, He is worth
it—worth I
Bearing thy cross go forth.
The doom I dread is near:
The place is here.
My will athwart my destined lot is laid,
And so the cross is made,
And I am fixed thereto by rending nails;
And the flesh fails,
And the heart faints, sick with the final loss :
Needs must 1 moan upon the cross,
But cross-time ends,
And then, O Jesus Christ, O best of Friends I
When the dark way is wholly trod,
Grant me Thy peace, Thou Lamb of God!
The slow, soft passing of the pain
That comes no more again ;
The calm of Easter Even,
And then the resurrection-rest of heaven.
S. GERTRUDE FORD.
* This poem was written in the very hour before the news
came of the last act in the tragedy of that great martyr te
Peace. ex-President Wilson He was warmly interested in
the missionary cause.—S.G.F.
What follows is from Miss Ford’s accompanying letter,
which we have begged her to allow to appear :—
Faith and hope staggered under the shock, at first; for the
blow fell with an awful suddenness. V< e had had cards
from him (our dearest of all friends and our hero of heroes)
only a fortnight before; and the most exquisite, the most
wonderful letters only a week before that.
And therecem news of his health had been most cheering
—he had even, he said, become "very impatient’’ to "come
and see his two highly-valued friends at Bournemouth, the
Misses Ford ! ” And he said his " affectionate thoughts ”
often went out to Heather Cottage, which he called “a little
citadel of truth.”—S. G. F.
63


Rev. C. STEDEFORD.
Rev. G. T. The return of Dr. Cand-
Candlin, D.D. lin to China calls for
more than ordinary notice.
It is 46 years ago that he first sailed for
China* and he has been permitted to
spend a longer period in active missionary
service than any one of our missionaries.
As he has moved among our churches,
many hearts have kindled while hearing
again from his lips of the wonderful
changes he has seen in China during his
long" missionary career. The years have
intensified his ardour, and he hopes to
complete half a century of missionary toil.
As tutor in the Theological College in
Peking he is preparing preachers who
will bear on the torch of truth they receive
from his hand.
Dr. Candlin came home a year ago
under the shadow of a great loss. His
house and his library had been totally
destroyed by fire. He will return to find
his house has been rebuilt, and as an ex-
pression of their personal esteem and
affection his friends in England have pre-
sented him with £200 with which to re-
plenish his library. Dr. Candlin wishes
me to say how deeply he appreciates this
practical expression of sympathy and re-
gard. He returns to China with renewed
health and with renewed assurance of the
esteem and affection of our church.
Dr. Candlin sails from London on
April lltli per the P. and O. s.s. “Kash-
gar.” We pray that all journeying mer-
cies may attend him.
Chaotong After the return of Miss
Girls’ School. L. O. Squire, B.A., the
Girls’ School at Chaotong'
soon developed to the limits of the
capacity of the school building and the
* Before that he spent two years in Leeds, and one in
Hull.- C. S.
available funds. The reputation of the
school has spread and Miss Squire has re-
ceived two senior girls from another mis-
sion six days beyond Yunnan Fu and a
junior girl from a C.I.M. station eight
days’ journey distant. Miss Squire had
35 girls in the kindergarten, 36 in the
Lower Primary and 23 in the Higher
Primary. All the children in the Kinder-
garten are day scholars, and all the others
excepting twenty who are boarders. Six-
teen of the students are Nosu girls. Miss
Squire is assisted in this school by Miss
Shuang Mei Lee. The ultimate purpose
is that this School shall become the
Higher Primary School for the District
and that other provision be made for
junior classes. Until the number of Higher
Primary students increases sufficiently the
lower grades are accommodated in the
same school.
The Donation
of Land at
Stone
Gateway.
The following resolution
was passed by our Execu-
tive in Yunnan : “We
give our heartiest thanks
to the Rev. and Mrs. H.
Parsons for their munificent gift to the
Mission and the Miao of the slope of land
opposite Stone Gateway, thereby ensuring
our coal and water supply in perpetuity,
and providing an experimental farm for
the introduction of better agricultural
operations among the Miao farmers.” The
Committee on receiving this welcome
news expressed its grateful appreciation
of the generous gift and elicited further
information, which has been since
supplied.
“ The land measures rather more than a
square mile. It lies to the West of the
Stone Gateway compound. It contains
quantities of coal and iron and is well
64


Foreign Missionary Secretary’s Notes
watered. Some years ago Mr. Pollard
purchased for the mission the coal in this
land, but the tenants on the land and other
tenants of the landowner retained the
right of mining for their own use. Much
of the coal out-crops and makes mining
it very easy. In practice the natives dig
away the surface of the coal only, and then
abandon the mine to open another more
easily worked. The result is that the
more accessible seams have been worked,
leaving us the prospect of having to spend
more money to obtain coal for mission
use. We have practically an inexhaust-
ible supply of coal and are consequently
independent. This should prove of very
considerable value to the mission in days
to come.
Even niore important is the water sup-
ply. Stone Gateway village and all our
mission premises are entirely dependent
on the springs flowing from this land. As
long as the landowner remained friendly
there was no reason to fear any interfer-
ence. Still, cattle grazing on the land
could tread in the water and pigs could
wallow there. And at any time at the
whim of an unfriendly landlord, the
streams could easily be diverted, making
our position at Stone Gateway a difficult
one. By securing the source of the water
we have obtained for the mission an
ample supply of pure water in perpetuity.
When the Executive accepted, the gift
of the land, Mr. Parsons ordered pipes to
be burned, and in a few months he hoped
to convey the water under cover from its
source to the compound, including the
proposed hospital and the children’s
home.
The land supports half a dozen families
of Miao and Chinese, but under present
methods of cultivation is not very produc-
tive. It can, however, be improved and
will lend itself to experiments in the test-
ing of fresh seed corn, potatoes, etc.,
which, as a school, or even privately, we
may be able to make. Already work of
a very interesting nature is being under-
taken. New maize and potato seed is
being tested by the Miao which may result
eventually in partially alleviating some of
2
Miao boy four
years in middle
school.
3 4 5
The Chinese Prin- ”Miao boy who Miao boy same
cipal of Chengtu died after 3 years standard also 4 years
middle school at Chengtu. at Cbengtu.
1
Son of School
Principal
(No. 3). _______
2, 4 and 5 were the first boys to go for secondary education to any middle school. This was at Chengtu University.
[Photo per Rev. W- H. Hudspeth.
65


Foreign Missionary Secretary’s Notes
the distressing poverty in which our
people live. Further, the land will pro-
vide a very suitable site for the erection
of the house or houses for boys under the
Sandford Children’s Home scheme.”
Mr. Parsons concludes his. statement
by saying: “We count it a privilege to
have been instrumental in securing the
land and handing it over to the Mission,
so fulfilling an old dream of Mr. Pollard’s
and all other workers among- the Miao.
Mr. Parsons has not only rendered a
great service in the generous donation of
this land to the Mission, but also in the
foresight which has so well secured in
perpetuity those supplies of coal and
water essential to our present and pro-
spective developments at Stpne Gateway.
Our friends will know how to appreciate
this service and will share with the Com-
mittee grateful recognition of a noble
deed.
Experiment Mr. Hopkins has been
in Morn. exercising his mind to
discover the best means
of lifting the Christian community above
the low level of poverty on which the
natives subsist. His scheme has not
passed beyond the experimental stage,
but it is interesting as an experiment.
Reasoning upon this subject, he arrived
at some definite conclusions. He says :
“ I believe that the future of the African
lies in the development of the resources
of his own rich soil, in training him to
become an independent producer, not in
condemning him to be a mere servant to
the European and the Indian. Work can
only serve the development of personality
so long as it enlists the interest as well as
ministers to the material profit of the indi-
vidual.” Coming to the practical appli-
cation of his principles he says : “The
little community of Christians here might,
I thought, run a small ox-waggon for the
carrying of their own produce to a. better
market than is at present available, thus
securing a better return for their labour
than by selling at miserably inadequate
profit to the local Indians. So I obtained
an old ox-waggon for the great sum of
£3 at an auction sale. This we are
repairing and it will soon be ready for the
road. I took advantage of the glut of
oxen to buy four for the total of £5 14s.
These are in process of training and will
also soon be ready for the road. Then 1
secured a plough under special experi-
mental terms at a cost of £5 10s. The
total expense hitherto is thus under £20.
“And now we are contemplating the
erection of a water-mill for grinding
maize meal, which, if it matures, will be
of immense profit to the native.
“We have also secured through the kind
offices of the District Commissioner a -
generous water supply for all the planta-
tions round the mission by means of a
furrow, and this will enable the natives to
plant at almost any season and will render
them immune from famine as the source
of the supply is independent of rainfall.
“All this does not mean that I contem-
plate the mission engaging in commercial
enterprise for profit. My idea is to form
a purely native company. The members
of this company, who will of course be
Christians, will repay the capital ad-
vanced, but it is necessary to assist them
in the early stages as they have no cash.”
There is much to commend this scheme,
and we shall watch its development with
the deepest
For
Educational
Missionary
Work.
interest.
In connection with our
Middle Schools in China
another qualified educa-
tionist is required as early
as possible. The Com-
mittee hopes that one of the young men
connected with our Church will hear in
this appeal the call of God to missionary
service. Anyone willing to consider this
important sphere of service is invited to
communicate with the Secretary.

Desmond was a battered cosmopolitan
of the type who, having looked for the
worst in human nature in all the so-called
worst countries of the world, had natur-
ally found it, thereby rendering himself
incapableof distinguishing between sin and
folly, between virtue unfortunate and vice
triumphant.
Kathlyn Rhodes.
66


The Missionary Movement as
a Factor in World-Politics.*
Mr. RAMSAY MUIR, M.A., M.P. (Rochdale),
Editor “ Weekly Westminster.”
I AM going to deal with missions from
a point of view which is not often
employed in missionary meetings. I
shall deal in a general way with the mis-
sionary movement as a world pheno>-
menon, and with the British Missionary
movement in particular. I want to ask
you to consider what part it has played
in the march of civilisation as a whole ;
what influence it has had, both upon the
course of events, and upon the develop-
ment and aspirations of beings upon this
planet ; and more particularly I want to
ask you to consider the tremendous
change which the whole missionary move-
ment has introduced into the relation
ship between the civilised peoples of
Europe and the backward peoples of the
earth.
For four centuries Europe has been
extending its influence over the earth.
Through this European nations have
come into contact with the backward
peoples in each quarter of the globe.
During the sixteenth, seventeenth, and
practically the whole of the eighteenth
centuries, they regarded the backward
races as practically having no rights, as
being the legitimate objects of a perfectly
ruthless exploitation.
The great sign and symbol of that
regime of exploitation is to be found in
the iniquities of the slave trade, whereby
several different nations in succession set
themselves to make enormous profits by
transporting Negroes to the New World,
and selling them there. It was probably
the most lucrative form of trade any
people have engaged in. Lancashire built
up its fortune very largely upon this.
You sent out cheap stuffs, bad muskets,
and cheap spirits to the West Coast of
Africa ; you exchanged them there for
cargoes as specified of “prime Negroes,
branded as per margin ” ; you transported
them through the horrors of the middle
passage where they died like flies : be-
cause they were so cheap it paid you not
to take precautions. You sold them in
the West Indies, and filled up with rum,
sugar, and tobacco, and brought these
* Being extracts (bv permission) from an address de-
livered -'t Spotland United Methodist Church, Rochdale,
and printed for the Laymen's Missionary Movement.
cargoes back to Liverpool. The riches
of Lancashire and of Liverpool were very
largely built - up on that foundation.
Throughout the seventeenth and the early
part of the eighteenth century this was
regarded as a perfectly legitimate opera-
tion, and our success in it was regarded
as the proudest feather in our cap. All
the European nations were competing for
that trade as the most lucrative, and we
beat them. That was one of the main
causes of the establishment of our com-
mercial supremacy.-
The attitude of the seventeenth century
was inherited by the Dutch Boers and the
exiled French Huguenots who went to
join them in South Africa, and they car-
ried the practice of slavery there. The
outlook of the average Englishman then
was that he was persuaded that the black
peoples were descendants of Ham, sen-
tenced by the decree of God to eternal
slavery because of the offence committed
by their ancestor after the Flood. That
doctrine was held by eminently Christian
people. The author of some of the-
favourite hymns of our hymn book—John
Newton—was for some years the captain
of a slave trader. He was very kind to
his slaves ; he preached to them ; fed
them decently ; taught them hymns ; but
for a long time he had no qualms about
the traffic he was carrying on. It seemed
to him perfectly legitimate. After he
was converted he became a clergyman of
the Church of England, and wrote “ How
sweet the Name of Jesus sounds,” and
other excellent hymns.
Now, there has been an immense
change of attitude towards the backward
peoples since that temper was possible in
a sincerely Christian man like John New-
ton ; to what was it due? In the eigh-
teenth century came the Methodist move-
ment, with its re-assertion of the equal
value of all human souls in the sight of
God. It was followed by the Evangelical’
movement in all the Nonconformist de-
nominations and the Church of Engand,
which led to an immense activity. It
brought about a new beginning in the
spiritual and in some respects in the intel-
lectual life of England. There were.
67


The Missionary Movement as a Factor in World-Politics
started schools for the poor, beginning
with the Sunday Schools ; hospitals began
to be spread all over the face of England,
and a multitude of other institutions for
helping the weak and suffering ; and these
were the outcome of that vast religious
movement. But not the least striking
outcome of it was a sudden and remark-
able change in the attitude of the English
people towards the backward races, and
in the appearance of a new sense of
responsibility to them.*
In 1787 a little group of Friends and
Evangelicals formed themselves into a
Society for the Abolition of the Slave
Trade. The Colony of Sierra Leone was
founded on land bought, not seized,
from a native chief, for the express pur-
pose of making it a place where freed
slaves could find a home in their natural
surroundings. Philanthropy had in this
instance taken the place of profit-making.
But this was. not the only sign of the
coming of a new spirit. Even the inter-
pretation of the law was affected.
The new reading was accepted hence-
forth without protest. It was accepted
because there had been a great change in
men’s outlook. That is the atmosphere
* Read Sir Harry Johnston's “ Backward Peoples of the
World." 2s 6d. 1921.—Ed.
in which the missionary movement began,
as another sign or aspect of the great
change I am speaking of. In 1795 the
learned Baptist cobbler, William Carey,
made up his mind to go out to India on
his own, and began that astonishing
career of heroism and self-sacrifice that
is one of the most glorious chapters, as
it is one of the earliest, in the history of
systematic British missionary effort.
Soon nearly every church in England
was beginning' to regard the protection
of the backward peoples as an obligation.
Then later you see in the policy of the
British Colonial Office the development of
a new point of view—that the backward
regions are held by us not that we may
make a profit out of them, but as a trust :
on the one hand for the simple peoples
who inhabit them, and on the other hand
for the civilised world Now the develop-
ment of that new conception, the sub-
stitution of the idea of tutelage instead of
exploitation marks a real advance in
civilization and in humanity. It was a
great event in history when that new con-
ception was established—and beyond
shadow of doubt or question it was the
work of the missionary societies spread
over the world.
This was the great principle expressed
Glimpses of the work of other Societies.


The Missionary Movement as a Factor in World-Politics
in the Covenant of the League of
Nations in the series of clauses known
as the mandatory clauses and it gives a
new perception of the relations between
the superior and the inferior races, im-
posing upon the superior races an obliga-
tion to do' justice and to protect the primi-
tive peoples against unjust exploitation.
Where did that come from? It was
developed during three generations in the
British Empire, under the inspiration,
and even the control of the missionaries.
I ask you to think of the missionary
movement as something which has had
most profound political effects in many
different directions, which taken all to-
gether form an element of supreme im-
portance in our outlook on the world to-
day. One of the greatest and most im-
portant problems of to-day and of the
future is that of how, in a unified and
interdependent world, backward peoples
can live and work harmoniously with
civilised peoples. For the solution of that
difficult problem it is to' the missionary
movement we must look ; it is in that
movement with its strength and inspira-
tion that we may find our best hopes for
the future.
I have given you a purely secular dis-
course, from the point of view of the
historian, of what is to' me one of the
biggest things that have happened in the
modern development of civilisation ; one
of the biggest questions in the outlook of
one great mass of human souls on this
little spinning planet, towards another
great mass, that has ever been raised in
the history of the world. As a historian
looking upon it from the outside, I
present it to you simply as a body of facts.
That is all that it is my business as a
historian to describe. What is the spirit
that is working in it, and whence that
comes, and how it expresses itself
through the individual worker, that is a
thing beyond me to expound. As a his-
torian I must bear my testimony to the
fact that the missionary movement, sup-
ported by the contributions of churches
and chapels all over England, has been
the medium of one of the mightiest and
most wholesome changes in the trend of
civilisation that I have known in modern
history.
(Author’s Note.—This is only a very
cursory treatment of a great subject. A
fuller discussion of it will be found in
my “Short History of the British Com-
monwealth,” Vol. II.)
(Copies of the pamphlet may be ob-
tained from Mr. F. Ogden, Ingleside,
Spotland, Rochdale : price 2d. Profits
for the Laymen’s Movement.)
3. The Peking Union Medical College in 1908.
(Next month we shall show an illustration which will indicate what it is to-day). [The late Dr. A. K. Baxter.
69


Miss Annie Rothwell,
M.B., Ch B.
CWJ3 OUNT Street Sunday School, Sal-
/VI ford, has worthy missionary
** traditions. Happily, the school is
not living on those traditions, but is
striving to surpass them. Superintend-
ents and teachers keep the claims of mis-
sions well to the front. A missionary
address is always welcomed. Each class
has a missionary bag and last year the
school raised £58.
And now to the school has come the
signal honour of sending a worker to the
foreign field. Dr. Annie Rothwell—the
gifted daughter of Aiderman J. and Mrs.
Rothwell—has gone forth as a medical
missionary to Hankow, China, under the
auspices of the Wesleyan Missionary
Dr. Annie Rothwell, China, 1924—
Rev. ALBERT RATHMELL.
Society. She sailed on the s.s. “ Kalyan ”
on February 15th.
Dr. Rothwell, or “Miss Annie,” as we
prefer to call her, has had a distinguished
scholastic career. At the elementary school
she won a scholarship to the secondary
school. From there she went to Victoria
University, having decided to enter the
medical profession. In 1921 she qualified
in medicine and surgery, receiving the
M. B. and Ch.B. degrees. She then se-
cured an appointment in the North Staf-
fordshire Hospital, and later she became
assistant to an Ashton-under-Lyne doctor.
During the past twelve months she has
been on the staff of the Manchester Royal
Infirmary.
Dr. Rothwell is an enthusiast in her
profession. She loves the work of help-
ing the broken and sick back to health.
Though scholarly, she has not lost touch
with the world and its needs. Her out-
look is practical. She realises the things
that matter. She demands the best
materials for her work, but where the
best is beyond reach she does not mur-
mur. In the case of a broken limb, if
splints were not to hand she would com-
mandeer an orange box and make a pair.
She has the Grenfell temperament. She
is happy and useful in the social hospitali-
ties. of Church and School, and on another
evening can give a scientific lecture on
“The infinitely Small,” illustrated by the
microscope. Her professional duties have
not interfered with her Sunday School
work. She had charge of the Junior
Preparation Class.
Those who know Dr. Rothwell’s
parents will not be surprised that she is
deeply interested in Christian work. Her
father gives much time to civic affairs, is
a local preacher, and a teacher of the
Young Men’s Class. His good wife is
70


Medical Missionaries
President of the women’s weekly meeting.
Both publicly testify their indebtedness to
St. Stephen Street Church and Mount
Street School. This spirit has been im-
parted to their children.
The call to China has reached Dr.
Rothwell because she has learned the need
of medical missions. God has used the
ministries of home, church, school and
university to prepare her for the work.
By the light of present events we can
read the purpose of a Higher Mind in her
decision of ten years ago to become a
doctor. The Student Christian Movement,
with which she was actively associated in
her University days, was a factor in the
development of her purpose, and another
factor is the missionary atmosphere of
the Sunday School in which she has spent
her life.
The explanation of her appointment,
under the auspices of the Wesleyan Mis-
sionary Society is simple and natural.
Her fiance is the Rev. Max Gratton,
B.A., Wesleyan missionary in Central
China. It is expected they will be mar-
ried in July, 1925, when Mr. Gratton com-
pletes his probation. In the meantime
they serve in different sections of the field
hundreds of miles apart, Dr. Annie being
appointed to Hankow Hospital. We should
have liked Dr. Rothwell for the United
Methodist Mission, but cannot evade the
thought that the course she has chosen
is of Divine leading. Perhaps Methodist
Union will give her back to us.
The Methodist Hospital at Hankow. [Favoured by VV. Al. M S.
71


“Timothy Richard
of China.” *
ROFESSOR W. E. SOOTHILL
has clone a signal service to mis-
sions and to the world at large in
preparing this unusually interesting life
of one of the world’s greatest mission-
aries. The Life has been written with
singular ability and is of absorbing in-
terest on every page. From the time when
the subject of the memoir was a boy in-
terested in missions, to the end of a long
life, spent with rare devotion and the
most varied activities, when the veteran
finished his task in London in 1919,
its details enthrall the imagination
of the reader. Unusual thinking powers,
unwearied zeal in study, adequate scholar-
ship, singular freedom from every
kind and degree of prejudice, wonderful
tact in dealing with men, an absolute in-
difference to mere theory as such, a sense
seldom possessed to such a degree of the
practical values of things, a power to see
beforehand and to see with equal clear-
ness the need of the hour : these were
qualities which, united to an impressive
and winning personality, determine his
place among the greatest of Chinese mis-
sionaries. His biographer traces for us
with skill and care the rapidly unfolding
events of his pre-eminently useful life. He
was born at Tfaldybrenin, spent his boy-
hood on a farm and received his minis-
terial training at Haverfordwest Theolo-
gical College. He was appointed to China
as a missionary as early as 1SG9. It was,
as Professor Soothill points out, no mean
proof of his clearness of insight, that
when a very young man and at a time
when the Chinese were looked upon al-
most entirely in a grotesque light as
a topsy-turvy people — topsy-turvy in
their ways both of thought and action,
and China as a well-nigh impossible mis-
sion field, he should volunteer for North
China.
The reason for his choice is notable.
Because the Chinese were the most
civilized of non-Christian nations, and
North China the most important part of
the Empire, that it was fitted by its
splendid climate for the residence of Euro-
pean missionaries, so that the con-
verts of North China could carry the
* Sept, Statesman and Missionary. By Prof W. E.
Soothill, M.A. With foreword bv Sir John Jordan. 12/6
net, Seeley. Service & Co.
A Review.
Rev. G. T. CANDLIN, D.D.
Gospel to their fellow-countrymen and to
the world. His arrival at Chefoo, his
pioneer travels in Shantung and Man-
churia, his residence in Ch’ing Chou
bring us to the Great Famine in which he
played so conspicuous a part. Then comes
his marriage to a most excellent lady mis-
sionary already on the field, his first visit
to Peking, and his first furlough after
15 years’ service.
On his return to Shansi, the mission
he had himself founded, he was en-
countered by the most painful episode of
his whole missionary career. The younger
brethren of the mission sent to assist him
in that most difficult province, lodged a
complaint against him of heresy and dis-
loyalty to Christ and to his society. Never
was there a more conspicuous example of
the lengths to which odium Tlieologicum
may proceed, or of the often-encountered
fact that nineteen-twentieths of it pro-
ceeds from misunderstanding. There is
no question of the sincerity of his ac-
cusers, but equally unquestionable was
the narrowness of their understanding'. It
is to the eternal honour of the Baptist
Missionary Society, that after receiving
a statement of Mr. Richard’s views, thev
passed a vote of complete confidence in
him. It was at this very period that the
present writer first met Mr. and Mrs.
Richard and formed one of the most
valuable friendships of his life. Neigh-
bours in Tientsin for two years, Dr.
Richard became a most potent influence
in His life, priceless, life-lasting. Good
comes out of evil, never evil out of good,
and perhaps while temporarily Dr. Rich-
ards was separated from the communion
of his brethren, China and China missions
generally gained what at that time was
of immensely greater value, a states-
man, a beacon-mind and a leader to whom
we are indebted for much of what is best
on that mission field and among that
people to-day. He became a power in
the land, to whom the highest of Chinese
rulers, on the one hand, and the mission-
ary body generally listened gladly. Before
this time, in pursuance of the ideas which
made his life so fruitful, he had made the
acquaintance of Chang Chih Tung, Li
Hung Chang, Sir John Jordan, Sir Robert
Hart, and many other representative men.
In a scheme of education for China, of
72


“Timothy Richard of China”
most comprehensive scope, published
then, he was able to say he was personally
acquainted with every one of the gover-
nors of China’s 22 provinces. Certainly
no missionary before then, or perhaps
after, could make such a boast.
His work in founding the Chinese
Literature Society naturally arose out of
these circumstances. This led on naturally
to that remarkable series of visits to the
capital and those interviews with Li Hung
Chang, with Chang Chih Tung, with the
Emperor Kuang Hsii’s tutors, Wang
tung Ho and Sun Chia Nai, with Kang
Yu Wei, and the other reform leaders,
Liang Chi Ch’ao, T’an tzii tung, Ch’in
Chih, etc., and, finally, the Emperor him-
self. He was listened to as a prophet and
his ideas adopted in their projects of
reform. Kuang Hsu himself got so far as
to commence learning English and talked
of adopting foreign dress. It is not
exactly a secret that Dr, Richards brought
Kang Yii Wei out of Peking when the
Empress Dowager was clamouring tor his
head.
Dr. Timothy Richard
at sixty.
[Favoured by Messrs. Seeley, Service & Co.
73


The World is the Field
After his second furlough, and when the
Boxer outbreak had been suppressed by
a European army, he was called to
Peking by the rulers of China to advise
in the extremely difficult situation it had
created in Tai-yuen-fu, the capital of
Shansi. Of all China’s provinces Shansi
was most hostile. The governor, Yu
Hsicn, who nursed Boxerdom into
strength in Shantung, was given Irish
degradation to Shansi. Forty-two for-
eign missionaries had been put to death
in his Yamen, some said to have died by
his own hand. The people sympathized
with their Governor. When called to pay
Indemnity they utterly refused. Result
—deadlock. The Dragon throne was
powerless. The Powers would not yield.
The throne could not enforce payment.
So Dr. Richard was called in. He pro-
posed a University in Shansi for the bene-
fit of the province. To this the gentry
and officials would consent. It was to be
for a term of years in the hands of a
foreign Principal and then pass into
Chinese hands. Thus happily ended a
difficult situation. No doubt some thought
a better result might have been achieved
and that definitely Christian instead of
collegiate teaching might have been
forced on the Chinese. But there is no
doubt that the decision was best for all
sides, and that no other man than Richard
could have secured it. Under the Rev.
Dr. Moir Duncan and, later, the Presi-
dency of the author of this book, it was well
launched and remains a perpetual benefit
to the Province.
In 1914 Dr. Richard was married a
second time. The union was happy, but
failing health led in a few years to his
resignation of the Christian Literature
Society and his return to England.* On
April 17th, 1919, in his 73rd year and the
fiftieth year of his service as a missionary,
he passed to his reward, full of honours
and beloved by all.
(This will be followed by Dr. Cand-
lin’s personal recollections, which are
most interesting and forcible.)
The World is the Field.
As the sleeping earth obeys the voiceless
summons of the Spring
When the warm wind wakes to loveliness
the woods where glad birds sing,
And the lilacs bloom, and May-time
meadows gleam in green and gold,
And the wonders of a world new-made
before our eyes unfold.
So one day the viewless Spirit breathes
across the barren hills,
And along the death-still valleys, and
upon the frozen rills.
There is nought can stay His triumphing,
and thronging in His train
Signs and wonders of God’s grace appear,
as men are born again.
It is always springtime somewhere in the
Kingdom of our God,
With the blossoming of naked boughs as
blossomed Aaron’s rod,
With the tokens of the goings of the
quickening Spirit’s breath,
And the stir of life victorious o’er the
vanquished might of death.
Cuthbert Ellison.
‘ November,. 1915. See Echo 1916, p.i.75.—Eo.
-----------------1 1
The LONDON MISSIONARY
DEMONSTRATION, April 28.
CITY TEMPLE,
Holborn Viaduct,
London.
Afternoon, HOME MISSIONS, 3.30.
Chairman: H. GUY CHESTER, Esq. (London).
Speakers: Rev. F. H. CHAMBERS, O.B.E. (Huddersfield) ; Rev. F. BARRETT (London) ;
and Rev. T. SUNDERLAND, Secretary.
Evening, FOREIGN MISSIONS, 6.SO.
Chairman: SIR ARTHUR SPUPGFON, J. P . (V oldingham).
Speakers: The President (the Rev. CHARLES PYE'; Rev. F. J DYMoND (Yunnan);
Rev. J. W. HEYWOOD (Wenchow) ; Rev. C. STEDEFORD, Secretary.
74


A Calumny
Refuted.
eNE of the unpleasant results of the
Boxer rising and the Siege of the
Legations was the scandalous
charge of looting made against certain
missionaries. The Rev. Dr. Ament, a
highly respected American missionary,
was severely and unjustly attacked by
no less a person than “Mark Twain.” Dr.
Ament, who had done magnificent service
in rescuing foreigners and Chinese, was
fortunately able, before his lamented
death, to disprove categorically the
charges, but “Mark Twain,” to the best
of my knowledge, failed in the courtesy
of an apology.
The Rev. Frederick Brown, formerly
of our Bishop Auckland Church, for 31
years a missionary in China, and now
Wesleyan chaplain to the Guards at
Caterham, was also the subject of a some-
what similar attack. Happily he too, with
the support of General Gaselee, whom he
had served as intelligence officer, was able
to prove that there was not an atom of
foundation for the attack.
After a lapse of over twenty years, the
odious charge has again been revived by
a Mr. T. Simpson Carson, F.R.G.S., in
a recent book “The World As Seen By
Me,” published at 30s., by Heath Cranton,
Ltd. A slander of this character is a
serious matter for one occupying Mr.
Brown’s position and, however much he
may have wished to ignore it, circum-
stances compelled him to bring the
offender to book. Authorised by the War
Office, he placed the matter in the hands
of a solicitor, and it has been settled out
of Court. The publishers have agreed to
recall the books from circulation, to pay
an agreed sum to Mr. Brown—who has
handed it over to the Wesleyan Mission-
ary Society—and to publish the following
apology in twenty leading newspapers in
England, America and China :
“THE WORLD AS SEEN BY ME.”—
An Apology. To the Reverend Frederick
Brown.—Referring to your complaint of a
statement concerning you contained in my
Book of travel published under the above
title in which I make certain allegations
against Christian Missionaries in general
and yourself in particular I am taking the
earliest opportunitv of stating that T now find
my information was inaccurate and I tender
to you mv apology for having made an accu-
sation which I now know to be untrue and
The Rev.
Prof. W. E. SOOTHILL, M A.
groundless. I desire to put on record the fact
that at the time I wrote the above mentioned
Book 1 had never seen you or communicated
with you, and the suggestion that you had
made the statement contained in the words
complained of is erroneous. I have arranged
for the withdrawal from publication of all
copies of the Book containing the passage
complained of and for its deletion from future
issues. Dated this 28th day of January,
1924.—(Sgd.) T. SIMPSON CARSON*
All his friends will sympathize with
Mr. Brown in the annoyance he has suf-
fered and congratulate him on his relief.
One would have thought that the admir-
able service he rendered in connection
with the Relief of Peking would have been
commended by men like Mr. Carson rather
than that he should be pilloried as an
obnoxious person. It is to be hoped we
shall now be spared a repetition of these
calumnies, which are aimed not only at
individuals but at the whole of the
Church’s work at home and abroad.
[A photograph of Mr. Brown appeared in
our pages for February, 1911, when be re-
turned on furlough : and Professor Sootbill
reviewed his “China’s Dayspring After
Thirty Years ” in our issue for November
1914.—Ed.] •
* As it appeared in “The Times.” “The United Metho
dist,” and all the Methodist weeklies
Life-blood.
Five hundred of General Feng Yu-
hsiang’s men took a pledge on Christmas
Day that they would give their blood with-
out charge, to persons suffering from per-
nicious anaemia and other diseases requir-
ing blood transfusion.
To-day the surgeons at the Peking hos-
pital, finding vital need of such services
to save the lives of a woman and a boy,
telephoned to Nanquan and asked for two
volunteers.
Two corporals made good. They rode
to the hospitals on bicycles, submitted to
the operation, in which each gave some-
thing more than a pint of blood, and then
rode back to the camp.
[In sending this cutting from the “Peking
and Tientsin Times ” the Rev. F. B. Turner
says :
The enclosed is too good to keep from you.
Though governmentally China is in a parlous
state, the gospel is getting a real hold of the
common people, and their realization of what
sacrifice means is shown by this incident.]
75


New Year in Shantung. Rev. d. v. Godfrey.
£3 in a moment of wrath, likened the
^law in nineteenth century England,
to “a ass.” The figure seems to hold
very well in twentieth century China : for
though it can kick violently if it finds
anyone near enough at hand and weak
enough to be kicked with impunity, yet,
generally speaking, it can be evaded or in-
timidated. For instance, we in Shantung
know nothing of the laws regulating the
sale of opium. We are two hundred miles
from Peking, and it is only at odd times
that the sound of braying carries so far.
Therefore it is not surprising that, in
spite of Law’s contrary utterances, the
calendar here, in the good, old-fashioned
way, follows the moon : and our year
generally starts, like business meetings in
some of the home churches, anything up
to a couple of months after the scheduled
time.
On the last day of the old year all must
pay the debts accumulated during the
previous twelve months (thirteen in leap-
year), after which exhausting effort every-
body takes a holiday for fifteen days. This
second day of March is the fifteenth day
of the first month of the twelfth year of
the Chinese Republic, and, nominally, the
last day of our holiday. We propose, with
the Editor’s permission, to bore the
readers of the Echo with an account of
some few of the activities of our neigh-
bourhood during the festive fortnight just
ended.
The first day is the day for exchanging
A New Year Band in Shantung.
[Rev. D. V. Godfrey.
76
' /I
SO . ME
congratulations. We Christians just bow,
and wish one another Peace, or New Joy.
Other people exchange the greeting,
“May you grow rich,” and kow-tow ac-
cording to custom. Exactly what the
custom is I know not ; but as a rule folk
kow-tow only to their actual or supposed
superiors : children to parents, women to
men, younger brothers to elder brothers.
1'he last example strikes one as going a
bit too far. About the second a mere
man hesitates to> offer an opinion ; but the
younger ladies look so sweet on New
Year’s Day, with their faces newly
washed and their finery displayed, that if
they had not to humble themselves, there
is no knowing what vanity they might
develop. “ Discipline must be maintained. ”
Each subsequent day has its own list of
calls, except the unlucky fifth, when the
devil is supposed to be prowling on the
look-out for travellers. We foreigners
are generally inundated with invitations
for this day from people who' think we are
devil-proof—possibly from some who
hope we are not. Husband’s people, wife’s
people, and friends are all visited in the
rotation fixed by an exacting etiquette,
which also demands the firing of crackers
day and night.
New Year sees the arrival of the shuttle-
cock. All the cocks of the poultry order
go about mourning their tails, as a child
in need of a toy pulls out a cock’s
feathers, pushes a few through the holes
of a couple of cash, and there he (or more
often she) has a shuttlecock at once. The
youngsters use their feet as
battledores, kicking the shut-
tlecocks with the side of the
foot or the back of the heel,
up in the air or over the head.
An old saw runs, “When the
aspen and willow are leafless,
then kick the shuttlecock.”
Every village has at least
one band (often consisting
solely of drums and cymbals,
and playing the same rhythm
all the time, seven equal
notes to a bar, the seventh
being a rest), and every street
has its swing for the young-
sters.
The youths of the vil-
lage become obsessed with


“Across Two Frontiers”
a mad desire to elevate themselves,
and as the holiday nears its end
and climax, bands of lads and young men
on stilts may be seen, half of them dressed
as girls or foreigners, dancing a stately
measure or indulging in horseplay to the
accompaniment of fiddle, flute and drum.
Some of these acrobats have their faces
hideously painted or masked.
Then all, about the fourteenth and fif-
teenth, and even the sixteenth and seven-
teenth days, enjoy the theatricals. A
stage, probably consisting' of the village
gates on a frame-work, is put up in the
open air. The actors (all male) run up
and down little ladders toi reach or leave
the stage. As there is no curtain it seems
strange at first to see a man who has just
been killed trotting gaily away. But the
acting really is so very good that one can
pardon much.
One cannot pardon the orchestra. This
is made up of a couple of pairs of bones,
a two-stringed fiddle, a drum, a gong, a
circular piece of hard wood which is hit
with a stick, a piccolo, various sorts of
cymbals, trumpets, and one or two other
strange sound-producers. The noise goes
on for four days, from ten a.m. to mid-
night, while the play progresses. As the
sound of the band carries a mile, a poor
foreigner cannot expect to distinguish the
words of the actors, especially as these
words are not spoken, sung or shouted,
but screeched : such being the tradition.
However, most of the spectators know
the play off by heart, so they do not mind
if the sounds are indistinguishable.
The play begins very solemnly, sug-
gesting grand opera ; but after two' or
three days the actors get warmed up, and
perform the comic scenes with amazing
ability. The piece is highly moral, in
happy contrast to the obscene farces com-
mon in other parts of the Republic.
And what of the Church during these
fifteen days? From the moment when
the chapel bell calls us to prayer at the
old year’s passing, the mission is much in
evidence. The preachers and the Bible-
women go daily two by two' to this village
and that, carrying the Good Tidings that
may make this a year of New Joy indeed
for some. True that the villages are
many and the workers few ; but wherever
we do go we get good crowds and an
attentive hearing. I have heard one of
our preachers speak for two solid hours,
and of the large crow’d that gathered at
the beginning, I doubt whether a single
person went away before the end, or
missed any point of the address.
Heathen rites are observed at this
time, and even in Chu Chia Tsai women
crowd into' a tent to worship a goddess
corresponding to the Egyptian Isis.. But
it would need a long article from an old
resident to tell of all the New Year reli-
gious observances of heathen China.
Soon, we hope, it will need a student of
past history. For China will find a new
life in the old Gospel, and as the living
willow and aspen grow and flourish, the
dead shuttlecock of idolatry will join other
broken toys on the rubbish heap.
“ Across Two Frontiers.”
Sir John Maffey, of the North-West
Frontier, contributes a Foreword to Mrs.
Starr’s story of the rescue of Miss Mollie
Ellis, published together with the story of
her trek into. Lesser Tibet, under the above
title.* In the course of his introduction,
Sir John Maffey says :
“A sudden tragedy befell which
found the vast civil and military depart-
ments of Government as helpless as
men with hands tied behind them. An
English girl in the hands of ruffians
somewhere across the border ! All the
King’s horses and all the King’s men
could only make matters worse, and
British prestige shone dim.
‘But in the story of our land
A Lady with a Lamp shall stand.’
With the charm of her fair face and a
woman’s courage she carried our stan-
dard for us behind those iron hills
where no Englishman may pass. She
had the great joy of bringing back to
us the English girl unscathed and un-
injured, and she made a British mark
on the heart of Tirah better than all the
drums and tramplings of an army
corps.”
The book, which is edited by Mr. Basil
Mathews at Mrs. Starr’s desire, is illus-
trated with photographs, including Mrs.
Starr in Afridi costume at the end of her
adventure, and Miss Ellis immediately
after her rescue, and two specially drawn
maps.
*Messrs. Hodder and Stoughton. Price 6s. net.
77


Mrs. J. B. BROOKS, B.Litt.


Christmas Celebrations in
Ningpo.
By Rev. W. Tremberth.
E have had a very busy time, this
Christmas ; for the Chinese, who
are great at celebrations at any
time, feel the appeal of the Nativity. A
few days ago a veteran sent me a greet-
ing in Chinese character, written on smart
red paper, with the text: “ My soul doth
rejoice in God my Saviour.” Only a man
who had deeply felt the meaning of Christ-
mas, and, withal, possessing a beautiful
artistic sense, could thus quote. It
greatly appealed to me, it tuned my soul
for the Day. I kept on repeating it to
myself and aloud : “My soul doth rejoice
in God my Saviour.” I shall yet have to
preach on it to get rid of it—preachers
know. Our gate-keeper was busy for
days preparing the decorations. It took
him many evenings to trace in cotton
wool—Christmas, A Happy New Year,
Three times I asked him if he understood
the words. No, he did not, but thought
it meant something about Christ coming
into the world. On December 24th we
went to Chinghai by the 8 a.m. steamer
for a service. Most of the time was taken
up by the girls of the Christian school
carried on by Mrs. Vaen, one of our mem-
bers, who is a woman of extraordinary
ability. Her pupils number about 140.
We all feel proud of this bit of work in
a great heathen city. About half a score
of the girls compose a school fife-band,
and gave a selection on their instruments
with great credit. This is somewhat of
a surprise, for the man who plays a flute
is held up to ridicule in the classics.
Hymns were sung and recitations and dia-
logues given explaining the meaning of
Christmas and generally the purpose of
the Christian faith. One girl represented
the evangelist, the others, people coming
around to enquire about the Jesus Reli-
gion. Afterwards the girls and the
Christians sat down to a feast which they
had provided for themselves. Having to
hurry back to Ningpo we missed un-
regretfully the fat things.
Our girls’ school in the Settlement was
in the midst of a most exciting drama
when we arrived, with a crowded house
looking on. Let no one suppose the
Chinese are phlegmatic, dull, solemn.
Their real selves are the reverse of this ;
they are cheerful, humorous, agile and
perfect artists. Our college students give
plays from Shakespeare. They have done
“Macbeth,” and this year intended to
give “Julius Caesar,” but war rumours
have sent some boys home earlier, and
broken up the party. After entertaining
their audience for two hours, the proceed-
ings ended by each pupil receiving a bag
of sweets and cakes.
At 7 p.m. I preached at the Settlement
Church to a full house on the groups that
gathered about the Infant Christ, the
Wise Men, the Shepherds, and Simeon and
Anna. The Chinese were greatly attracted
by the numbers gathered, and passers-by
would drop in and then go off repeating
“Jesus’ birthday.” We don’t know Christ-
mas carols very well, so the hymns chosen
were those well known. Opening we
sang, “Oh, happy day I ” and closed with,
“Take the Name of Jesus with you,” put-
ting into our voices the Christmas feeling.
On Christmas morning Mr. Conibear
preached in the eastern part of the city, I
in the central chapel, which was full. Two
Russian men (refugees) came in, though
they know very little Chinese, but seemed
to enjoy the service. Here we made a
feeble attempt to sing a couple of carols,
but the Chinese pentatonic scale is un-
equal to such music as “Christians,
Awake!” and “Come, all ye faithful.”
Here again the school boys and the poor
were dismissed with cake and sweets. I
noticed the two Russian brothers came in
78


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
for a share. There is no Scrooge in
China at Christmastide to fly from. In-
deed, dogs seem to pull their blind
masters out of the alley ways to the
•chapel. Sunday School boys and girls
turn up in great numbers, though it
be but the one solitary attendance
for the whole year. Church members
also were present in all the services
whom I had not seen before. A sort of
instinct I have observed I fancy before
which brings people out on School ser-
mons’ Sunday. How much alike is human
nature everywhere I
Mr. and Mrs. Bates and Margaret
came to our bachelor quarters for tiffin
and tea. Somehow our minds would run
off to England. “What are they doing in
England now—4 o’clock. It is 8 a.m. there,
just having breakfast—some.” The four
of us played croquet for awhile, the sun-
shine was so warm and brilliant, the men
took off their coats. The Sunday School
children were meeting in the Settlement
Church to realize some material expres-
sion of the occasion, so we left our game.
Boys and girls making full attendance for
the year received a handkerchief or a
small doll, and as they passed out each
received a paper of sweets. The services
were now over for the day. We all went
to the Bates's for dmner. We played ring-
a-ring-o’roses with Margaret, while her
father played on the piano. I noticed how
the elders could dance about fairly well,
but when it came to “all fall down,” they
found it not easy, and the getting up for
the next round was equally awkward. We
sang carols out of our Sunday School
Hymnal. What a gem it is I By the
by it is a good example of what is pos-
sible through Methodist Union. All we
missionaries are solid for Union. “The
other side ” need only to come to China
to be converted. I feel sure they would
return to England, saying, “Brethren, we
have had a new vision ; henceforth we
must be true to our motto, ‘ One and all.
We told stories, we played games and
consumed chocolates until-----and bade
each other good-----congratulating each
other that we had had a merry Christmas,
though so far separated from the folk
at home.
On the 26th some of us visited a famous
Temple in the District, Pah-ko-sz, neces-
sitating a distance first by train, and then
a walk of 20 li. While we sat eating our
lunch in the great hall, and drinking
Chinese tea, a young Chinese gentleman
came over and chatted, showing a very
friendly spirit. I said, “You have come
to the Temple to spend a little holiday.”
He replied, “I have come here to pray,”
then went on to say that his mother and
two sisters were here also. He went and
brought them. The woman said her hus-
band had been dead six years, was buried
in Shanghai, and they had been here for
seven days praying for his soul. Thirty
priests were engaged daily in the wor-
ship, and it was costing them 500 dollars ;
they were going back home to-morrow.
I admired their earnestness, but their need
of the Gospel was again overwhelmingly
borne in upon me. I felt very sad for
them. Here were people evidently earnest
and good according to their lights, need-
ing a Divine Lover of their soul, willing
to pay a high price for salvation, and we
hold the blessed news of God’s salvation
for mankind, offered without money and
without price. New China, after all, is
as needy as old China. We need still the
old motto, “Christ for China and China
for Christ,” that used so often to thrill
Mr. Sam Pollard and other pioneers. The
Gospel, however, is winning its widening
way. What a trophy China is to lay at
the feet of Christ !
My kindest regards to the W.M.A.
“ A Hospital Incident.”
By Mrs. Plummer, Lao Ling.
During the past year a woman came to
our hospital suffering from tuberculosis.
One foot having been seriously affected
for some time, the only way to effect a
satisfactory cure was to amputate the
foot. This the patient agreed to have
done.
She had come from a village more than
100 li (35 miles) away, and had travelled
all that distance on a Chinese wheel-bar-
row. What this means only those who
have experienced this form of locomotion
can describe. The case proved to be a
very satisfactory one, and after a few
weeks the patient was ready to go out,
quite well and with a neat little shoe,
made to match the one on her remaining
foot, padded and fastened to her ankle in
place of the swollen, painful and useless
foot she had on her arrival. While with


Gratitude: In Chinese-English
us she was eager to learn the texts and
hymns that we use in leaflet form, and
one morning, when the service was being
held at the far end of the ward, as she
could not walk, she came all the way on
her knees to be near us. Sitting on the
floor she did her best to join in the sing-
ing of the hymns.
On the morning of leaving us she took
my hand in one of hers and, stroking it
with the other, said, “ I have been so
happy here, and everyone has been so
kind, I would like to have stayed a little
longer.” The stay in hospital is a great
event in the lives of some of these poor
women. It perhaps has been the only
time when they have had kindness and
consideration show them, for the lot of
women in this part of China is a hard
one. Before coming to us this woman
had never heard of a Saviour’s love, and
she was returning to her village where
she would have no one to tell her more.
This is true of the majority of our
patients, many of whom during' the past
year have become interested in what they
have heard, and not a few have given in
their names as being willing to become
Christians. With but few exceptions
we have no way of following up these
cases except by prayer, and in this you
can help1 us, and we would be very grate-
ful if you would join us in asking that
“God Who commanded the light to shine
out of darkness,” may shine into their
hearts. E. P.

Gratitude: In
Chinese-English.
Two delightful specimens of letters in a
language new to the writer are sent us
by Mr. Turner. He says :
“This youth finished at our Tong Shan
school a few months' ago, and has just
started-out in business in Tsinan Fu. It
shows that our teaching is effective : that the
Gospel gets a hold on these young men, and
that they develop a real interest in the pros-
perity of Zion.”
The namei of the. manager must not be
confused with that of the assistant. Of
course, we print -facsimile.—Ed.
Toi Rev. F. B. Turner, Tongshan.
Dear teacher.,
I beg to inform you that the Chinese
Manager of the Sutherland Hair net Co.,
Mr. Yang Chih Chiang, whom recom-
mended me To, is a very honest Chris-
tian, was Baptised under you in Tientsin.
On 1917 a.d. He wish to contribute some
money for repair the church Of Shui Ti
Tze Street, as he knows well that the
church is very old And lonely inside,.
He has oftenly talked this to Mr. Chung
Chao Feng and Myself that since he was
understood that he has been always living
In the great love of God. So he deter-
Rev. F. B. TURNER, O.E.C.
mined to try any way to help Our Society
in a longe time ago. But there is no
chance for him, Therefore he has not car-
ried out his will until now. Now he is
pre-Paring a few money to repair the
above said church before-hand. He Will
come to Tongshan and call on you to ex-
plain his idea and his Will and the plan
how to repair it, as soon as your reply
arrived To me.
Hoping you are enjoying your good
helth, and God bless you And my dear
Maddam
Your obedient pupil,
Y. H. Chang.
Dear teacher.,
Since I offer you a letter about one
month, Now I am very happy in the com-
pany, and hope you don’t anxious about
Me. The company makes many clothes
for me and sometimes give some Money
to expense, the storekeeper A. M. Lowe
(American) is Very kind to me. In the
year’s holidays I shall go to Tientsin And
Fang Shan to call on you and my dear
Maddam.
Yours obedient pupil,
Y. H. Chang.


Harold Begbie.
Students’ Missionary Mr
Demonstration. ellis j. hough.
THE 24th Missionary Demonstration
was this year held at Baillie Street
Church, Rochdale, on March 19th.
Mrs. Froggatt, of College Chapel, a
dear friend of past and present students,
presided over the afternoon meeting.
This is the first time a lady has presided.
Mr. Irving Scott and Mr. Reginald
Doidge were the students who addressed
the afternoon meeting. The former spoke
on “Our Great Committal,” and persua-
sively and passionately he argued the
necessity of evangelizing the world for
Christ. “We can no longer tolerate
ideas of a saved family or a saved nation
only. Nothing less than a saved world
Staff and Students 1923-24.
Left to right— H. T. Cook, E. D, Bebb, D. L. Collings.
J. H. Parkes, H. Starkie, B. H. Davies, H. T. Capey.
H. W. Charity, R. J. Doidge, B. H, Reed, A. J. Noon. E. Hardy, H. E. Young, J. E. Trevithick, J. Ware, F. Harper.
W. P. Beard, J. S. Yearsley, E. J. Hough, H. Cleaver, S. Luke, J. H. Angove, N. H. A. Baker.
A. J. Reece (deceased), I. Scott. F. W. Doar, D. H. Smith, Rev. G. G. Hornby, M.A., B.D., Rev. J. T. Brewis, B.A., B.D.,
Rev. E. W. Hirst, M.A., M.Sc., Mr. W. Clunne Lees. Prof, of Eloc., H. H Squire, J. Jackson.
May. 1924.


Students’ Missionary Demonstration
fulfils our conception of Christ’s will
accomplished.” The latter spoke on
“To-day’s Missionary Task.” In a force-
ful and pungent address he brought out
the three great contributions which the
Church at home could make to missionary
enterprise. By Prayer, by Study, and by
Sacrifice—not the giving of a few odd-
ments of time, money or energy, but by
a real and far-reaching sacrifice and
giving.
The evening’s meeting was presided
over by Mr. James Duckworth, J.P., of
Rochdale. The principal speaker was
the Rev. James Ellis, of Newington,
Kent.
Mr. Ellis was formerly in Africa, and
he delighted his audience with a vivid
and racy address on the missionary out-
look in the Dark Continent. He pointed
â– out that the missionary problem of Africa
is not mainly a climatic one, nor is it
geographical in nature, but it is primarily
the problem which centres around the
native personality. There are so many
nations, so many types of thought, so
many stages of civilization, that we must
ask,“ Can there be an African type of mind
evolving from the different kinds of people
yvho now occupy the great Dark Con-
tinent?” The position is such that it
calls for the most skilful handling to-
gether with the most modern missionary
organization. “To know the native of
Africa, you must not judge him from a
distance, you must not count on what we
see of him in England : you must live
with him, find out what he is, and then
you may prophesy what he may become.”
There is a remarkable piece of evidence
which the Colonial offers in regard to the
African native. It is surprising to know
that the bulk of the money spent in Africa
for the evolution of the native is not spent
by the various missionary organizations,
but it comes from the Imperial revenue.
That in itself is sufficient to show that the
Government has a real respect for the
African personality. Perhaps Mr. Ellis
gripped us most when he told us of the
religious character of the native. There
is, he said, in the African personality an
awe and a reverence which some day will
make one of the greatest contributions to
the religious thinking of the age. We
to-day are held more or less fast in the
grip of materialism, but it is impossible
to have that feeling when one moves
among the natives of Africa. Their reli-
gious ideas may be crude, but if this in-
nate sense of reverence is sustained and
moulded by the Christian forces, it is pos-
sible that there will emerge a heroism and
a deep religious consciousness which
have never been exceeded in America or
Europe.
The speaker continued by saying that
the Africans had the fundamentals of a
very fine literature. He believed that
the first literature of the peoples of the
world was derived from the folk stories
told round the camp fires. “There are
no folk stories in the world to beat the
African folk stories.” On the side of
literature you will have from the African
a type of writing which you have not had
from the North American Indians or from
the Scandinavian people, or from the
Turkish or from the Early Arabian
writings. In the sphere of music, too,
the Africans have a wonderful contribu-
tion to make.
And further, we were told, in- Africa
there is a deep passion for education, so
much so that the natives of Africa often
buy translations of modern European
text-books. Modern ideas are being ab-
sorbed in Africa with amazing swiftness,
and it is true to say that what Mr. Ram-
say MacDonald, or Mr. Clynes, or Mr.
Thomas says in the House of Commons
to-morrow will be known by thousands
of natives in the Dark Continent within
two days. Modern ideas, modern guns,
modern instruments, modern democratic
conceptions, are to-day flooding Africa
from north to south, and from east to
west.
Concluding his address, the speaker
pleaded for fair play for the African
native. We must do all in our power to
help them in their upward struggle : there
must be no artificial barriers. It is not
enough to send teachers and Bibles and
money—we must break down the barriers
of racial distinctions. It was, he said,
regrettable to see African natives follow-
ing subordinate positions, and yet they
were in many cases far better equipped
by nature and attainment than many of
the striplings who have been sent over
from this country to have power over
them. “I believe in Africa, I believe in
this new spirit of missionary organiza-
tion. We need prayer and money and
men, and if you send your men to Africa
82


The Temple of the Five-hundred Genii
you must realize that you who send have
to light the same battle at home on their
behalf.”
It was a brilliant address, full of rich
humour and stirring pathos, and Mr.
Ellis has done much to quicken mission-
ary enthusiasm both in the College life
here and among the people of Rochdale.
Mr. J. Jackson, the Student Missionary
Secretary, who is the live-wire of mis-
sionary enthusiasm in the College, has
pleasure in stating that the Demonstra-
tion proceeds amount to <£104, for which
he and his committee are grateful to all
those in our churches who have responded
so generously to their appeal.
The Temple of the Five-hundred Rev. r. h.
Genii, near Yunnan Fu. Goldsworthy.
In this temple, as is implied by the title,
there are five hundred different figures,
life-size and gorgeously coloured, repre-
senting the many various types of pil-
grims who come to worship Buddha.
These two photographs give a fair idea
of some of the figures, though the first
was of course specially taken to show
the beautifully-made goddess of Mercy.
Another one, taken in a cave, will hardly
be printable* because of the light, or want
of it.
This cave is situated immediately under
another Temple, known as the “Temple
of the Iron Phoenix.” There on the side
walls can be seen paper gods, and I saw
sprinkled on the wall some chicken’s
blood. They first sacrifice the chicken
and then sprinkle its blood.
* It was not.—Ed.
Goddess of Mercy—Temple of 500 Genii. Temple of 500 Genii.
83


Rev. C. STEDEFORD.
A Skirmish The province of Yunnan
with Bandits, is still terrorized by ban-
dits, and travellers need
to be protected by a considerable military
escort. At the end of January as our mis-
sionaries, Mr. Dymond and Mr. and Mrs.
Evans, were returning to Yunnanfu from
the annual District meeting at Chaotong,
they encountered a band of brigands. All
went well as far as Lai-teo-po, two days’
journey beyond Tongchuan. The brigands
had threatened to burn down Lai-teo-po.
Consequently our missionaries were ac-
companied from Tongchuan by 120 sol-
diers, composing two companies ; one
company was to proceed with our travel-
lers to the end of the stage, and the other
to accompany them for a certain distance,
and if no difficulty arose to return for the
protection of threatened Lai-teo-po. In
the afternoon, after the second company
had left to return, it was discovered that
the brigands had prepared an ambush in
triangular form, one party on each side
of the road and another in front ready to
encircle the soldiers as they advanced.
The discovery was made soon enough to
escape the trap, but before they could
retreat the bandits attacked the soldiers
who were skirting around the village.
Mr. Dymond says : “ For an hour the
fusillade was kept up, we being in hiding
in the inn, and some shots came near us.
Fortunately the party of soldiers halting
at some distance heard the firing and hur-
ried to catch us up, which they did in
about an hour’s time. Seeing them re-
inforce the soldiers, the bandits retired
after having killed one of the soldiers and
the soldiers having killed two bandits
and wounded four others.” Our mission-
aries were obliged to return to Lai-teo-
po, and there after consultation they
decided to return to Tongchuan, as little
could be done to clear the road before the
Chinese New Year on February 5th.
Subsequently our friends were provided
with a strong military escort, and they
arrived safely in the Capital. The vexa-
tious delay, however, prevented Mr. Dy-
mond from reaching Hong-Kong' in time
to take the boat on which he had booked
his passage to England. He caught a
later boat.
The Capture
of Nieh
Wen-kuang.
When I attended the an-
nual Nosu District meet-
ing, Mr. Nieh was the
chairman. He had com-
mended himself by his fidelity and ability,
and I was told he made a good chairman
on account of his tact and judgment.
With that clear recollection of him, I was
extremely sorry to hear that he had fallen
into the hands of brigands and had suf-
fered cruelly during his captivity. Mr.
Hicks tells the story of his misfortune.
“Mr. Nieh, a man who by many years’
devotion had commended himself to his
people as a diligent worker, was startled
one morning in November by the loud
noise of men’s voices demanding entrance
to his home, and before he was well awake
he was captured and bound and led off
by a band of these men, who the night
before, having crossed the river which
separates their stronghold from Mr.
Nieh’s home, had ambushed themselves
in readiness for the lawless deed of the
morning. Mr. Nieh was held captive for
six weeks and liberated at last on pay-
ment of $650, a sum which he must have
had much difficulty in finding. With him
were taken at the same time several
others, including his own little son. My


Foreign Missionary Secretary’s Notes
wife and 1 were at Si-fang-ching at the
time, and it would be impossible to
describe the painful emotions we experi-
enced when first the wife of Mr. Nieh
and then a young son came pleading that
we should obtain his release. We did
what we could, and action was taken by
the authorities at Yunnanfu, but the local
officials are helpless to destroy the
brigands or, which is very possible, con-
nive at their villainies for their own profit.
Mr. Nieh, though released, is weak and
depressed, and some of his friends won-
der if he will ever be again the eager,
active, enterprising pastor that we used
to know.”
These are dark days for our Nosu
church. The Nosu living on their lonely
farmsteads fall an easy prey to bands of
brigands. Because they are not Chinese,
the authorities are less concerned about
giving them protection. Our friends may
well pray that the Lord Himself may be
the sure protection of His people.
St. John’s Rev. R. T. Worthington
Gospel in has rendered a very1 valu-
Kimeru. able service in completing
the translation of St.
John’s Gospel into the Meru language.
The Gospel has been printed by the
British and Foreign Bible Society, and
one thousand copies have arrived in
Meru, greatly to the delight of Mr. Hop-
kins and the members of the mission.
Previously Mr. Worthington had trans-
lated the Gospel of St. Mark, and to him
belongs the honour of giving this price-
less literature to the people of Meru.
Mr. Hopkins says : “ It is an admirable
piece of work,” and we all join with him
in grateful appreciation. (See next page.)
The Ningpo The Ningpo District
District meeting was held in the
Meeting. last week in February,
and passed off very hap-
pily. Mr. Tremberth says : “We got
through the business with fair despatch
and in a most brotherly spirit. I think
the men never returned to their stations
with better heart, and I hope it augurs
for a good year.” The men accepted
their appointments without dissent. There
was considerable discussion upon the
subject of self-support, and it was decided
to increase the local church contributions
toward the support of the preachers by
twelve dollars per annum per preacher.
Our mission churches are enjoined that
the goal they should strive to reach is
self-support and self-government, and we
rejoice in every step which leads in that
direction.
A scene outside our Compound at Chu Chia Tsai. [Dr. W. E. Plummer,
Sifting the chaff from the grain. "Like the chaff which the wind driveth away.”
85


The Music of the Gospel
Mr. Truelove’s Mr. and Mrs. Truelove
First Thoughts and Miss Simpson are
in Wenchow. wrestling with the Wen-
chow language. They
look forward eagerly to the time when
they will be able to express themselves in
Chinese. In the meantime their zeal
kindles in the presence of such great need.
Mr. Truelove gives some account of his
first impressions. He says : “ So far as
the Chinese are concerned one is struck
by the appalling need of the people.
There is a tendency to judge their need
by Western standards so far as the social
life is concerned, but trying to put pre-
possessions of that sort out of mind,
there does seem to be a heartlessness
about life for the mass of the people
which the Christian Gospel should break
down. Here is a place where the need
is real and intense for an impulse which
will make life more livable for the mass
of the people. Mr. Sharman’s judgment
The Music of the Gospel.
“ Nikwethirwa Murungu niendire
nthiguru ta u, kinya anenkera Mutanoxve-
wa mumwe, nikenda uria ugwetikia ndene
yawe, atikaure, endi akoiie mwoyo jiva
k&nya-na-kenya."
IN languages now passed beyond the
knowledge of living men, in lan-
guages and dialects now numbering
nearly five hundred spoken to-day, and
in languages yet to be, the above words,
given here in the Meru tongue, are the
sweetest that can ever fall on the ears of
man or enter his heart to heal its open
sore. Luther rightly spoke of John iii.
16 as “the little gospel,” meaning, as we
say, the gospel in little.
In seventy small pages there lies before
me a translation of that which Dr. Rendel
Harris calls the “mystic’s own gospel.”
This gift to the people of Meru is from
the hand of the Rev. R. T. Worthington,
the founder of the Meru Mission. Of the
correctness of this rendering, whether of
word or idiom, I am, of course, no judge,
but the little golden book carries the
imprimatur of the British and Foreign
Bible Society, and is, I understand, pub-
lished at their expense. Here is the
stupendous fact : The United Methodist
Church gives to the Wa Meru, in their own
tongue, hitherto unwritten, the Gospel of
is that idolatry probably has not the-
same unethical results here as it has in
a country like India. Yet the wide pre-
valence of it, contrasted with our own
illuminating conceptions of God, makes
one’s heart burn sometimes. If it makes
all the difference to thought and life to'
have ennobling and comforting thoughts
of God, then there is magnificent scope
here to endeavour to make that differ-
ence. One is struck sometimes by the
inroads that Western products and ideas
seem to be making in Wenchow ; if along
with that we can do something for the
deeper needs of the people the work is
worth while tackling. The work at home
had its allurement, and even now I can-
not forget the attraction of it, but in my
deeper moments, and sometimes when the-
pull of the homeland is strong, I am com-
pelled to feel that this is not a place of
my own choosing but one to which I have
been led.”
Rev. J. A. BEDWARD.
St. John, as it has already given the Gos-
pel of St. Mark, and as. years ago it gave
the same precious gift to the Miao. Our
Church holds an honoured place in Chris-
tendom, and is rendering its measure of
service to the Kingdom of Christ at home
and abroad, but we have no greater glory,
we do no finer service than in bringing
the Gospel to the hearts of those who are
afar off.
Some years ago a missionary submitted
to Dr. James Denney a translation of the
Gospels and asked that great scholar and'
saint for his criticisms and suggestions.
Reverently handling and carefully examin-
ing the book in silence, Dr. Denney re-
turned the book to the missionary saying,
with tears in his voice : “ I would give all'
I have, and all the honours I have re-
ceived, for the privilege of putting that
booh into the hands of a heathen people ! ”
The arrival of a new book in a Methodist
manse is always an event, but I do'
not remember anything more exciting
than this. Its coming made the day light,
and though I understood the Incompar-
able Name and the names made immortal'
by their connection with Him, yet by
faith I saw a people for whom Christ died
making the glad discovery from these
pages and rising up and calling the trans-
lator blessed.
85


New Movements
in China.
WHEN a stone is cast into a lake
it creates not merely one, but
scores of eddying circles of energy,
which gradually spread over the entire
surface. Missionary propagandism is
the pebble which has been cast into the
vast sea of Chinese life, and already it
has created jostling movements which
have disturbed the depths and breadths
of China. No pioneer missionary ever
foresees all the issues of his daring and
devotion ; he is but a stone flung by the
hand of Christ. Many other stimuli, such
as international trade, science, Western
notions, have accompanied missionary
work, but the greatest revolutionary
force has been the Christian religion. It
is but natural, therefore, to inquire how
China has reacted to these impulses from
the West.
Mr. Bertrand Russell should have re-
membered in his book on China, that the
sense of spiritual superiority over the bar-
barous West was one of the notable
characteristics of the Chinese mind until
less than two generations ago. Gradually
the wall of conservatism which Con-
fucianism made was broken down. Now
China is desirous of receiving what she
at first contemptuously refused. Diplo-
macy and war have all played a part in
breaking up the stagnation of centuries ;
but the most potent factor has been
Christian missions. Although for a
long time the Chinese resisted the
insistent pressure of an alien faith, it
gradually penetrated the mind of
China like a new leaven and helped
to bring about the Revolution of
1912. Movements have begun which
will take hundreds of years to work out.
No human mind can envisage the whole
process of interlinked forces, of germinal
outbursts of intellectual and moral ener-
gies with directive tendencies to far-off
ends. But we may acquire an intelligent
interest and guidance for distributing
missionary energies, by glancing at three
comprehensive and far-reaching move-
ments, viz. : (1) the intellectual awaken-
ing of China ; (2) the Religious Syncret-
ism, and (3) the beginnings of In-
dustrialism.
(1) The Intellectual Awakenment.
The intellectual renaissance of China
Rev. W. A. GRIST.
might be said to have begun with the
introduction of Protestant Christianity,,
but some may prefer to date it from the
time of Japan’s triumph over China
in 1895. Several years after the
cry of “Banzai ” had aroused China from
the slumber of centuries, the powerful
Empress Dowager, with a stroke of the
pen, brought to an end the old system of
Civil Service examinations. From the
time of Confucius the Chinese had given
things of the mind the place of honour
in their life and thought, now, the
attempt was made to adopt Western
methods of education. Although it was
impossible at once to carry out the whole
scheme, the attempt to begin signified a
tremendous revolution—China had turned
her face from the past to the future. The
new spirit touched not only Chinese
pedagogy, but informed the press.
China’s reverence for literature was
henceforth wedded to the scientific spirit
of the West. It might be objected that
this intellectual awakenment affects only
small groups of students and that the
great mass of the population remains un-
changed. But the students—many of
whom have been educated first by mis-
sionaries, and then in foreign universities
—are the seed of a new China. The Rev.
A. L. Warnshuis said a year ago<:
“The tide of new thought, beginning to
flow ... is the promise of still far-
ther advance in the near future. This ‘ new
thought ’ has been initiated by a group of
professors in the University of Peking, and
has been stimulated by the publication of its
ideas in magazines, newspapers and books,
and by the activities of a society organized
by a small number of leading men in Peking
who have been instrumental in inviting to
China some of the prominent leaders of
thought in the Western World.”
A new freedom has been won by the
adoption of the vernacular as the medium
of written expression of thought. These
modernists are doing for China what
Dante did for Italy. It would be diffi-
cult to overstate the importance of the
changes which must accrue from such an
intellectual emancipation. The mind of
China is awake and searching for truth.
(2) Religious Syncretism.
Wherever it is introduced, the Chris-
tian religion sets up an electric current
87


New Movements in China
which magnetizes all adjacent bodies ; it
intensifies the) life of indigenous faiths, or
gives them their coup de grace. The intel-
lectual activity has not been accom-
panied by any corresponding moral re-
vival ; the first generation of student re-
formers has succumbed to the inherent
vice of avarice and corruption. En-
quiries have been made into the possibili-
ties of meeting the nation’s moral needs
by a resuscitation of Confucianism ; it is,
however, generally admitted that the old
bed is too short for a man to' lie on, and it
is apparent that no Procrustean rigours
can meet the present exigency. Bud-
dhism also has been explored and re-
pudiated as insufficient. Some Chinese
scholars believe that the true source of
moral power will be found in the Chris-
tian religion. Others^ are in favour of
syncretic methods, and would fain effect
an amalgam of all religions under the
name of Tao Yuen. A movement started
some time ago in ‘Tsinan under this
name and has since spread to the chief
•cities of China. Mr. F. S. Drake says :*
“ The purpose of this movement is to com-
bine a pure theism with the hagiology of
five religions — Christianity, Moham-
medanism, Confucianism, Buddhism, and
Taoism—and to gather the gods, the
saints, the worthies, and Buddhas of the
whole world throughout all generations ”
into a national Pantheon. The movement
is similar to the syncretism which went on
in the Graeco-Roman world of the first
two centuries of the Christian era. One
hopes that the young Chinese Church will
find its Origen to guide those who grope
in twilight through the labyrinth of
Taoism, spiritualism and religious eclec-
ticism. It would be easy to sneer at the
new Revelation which is coming through
the medium of the planchette, but it
ought to be looked upon sympathetically,
as the struggles of the scholar class to
conserve the best beliefs of the old
faith with the inspiration of the new.
This Chinese Gnosticism is the symptom
of a great religious need, and it chal-
lenges the magnanimity of the Christian
Church to give an adequate and enlight-
ened presentation of the Gospel of Christ.
(3) The Beginnings of Industrialism.
The third movement relates to the up-
rising of a new industrialism. We have
* The Chinese Recorder,” March, 1923.
been told of the immense mineral re-
sources, possibilities of trade and well-
nigh limitless man-power of China : these
have waited only for exploitation by the
capital and machinery of the modern
world. Now it has begun, and is pro-
ceeding amid the political chaos of the
time. We wonder if all the tragic misery
of our own industrial revolution is to be
repeated on a bigger stage and with in-
tensified anguish in China. We are told
that the hours and conditions of labour
are incredibly hard. Mr. G. Sherwood
Eddy says :
“ In one of the chief industrial cities of
China we visited a number of mills and fac-
tories.” At a match factory, “we found
here eleven hundred employees, mostly boys
from nine to fifteen years of age, working
from 4 a.m. to 6.30 p.m., with a few min-
utes’ intermission at noon.”
Without any Sunday rest, the boys
earn from six to ten cents, and the men
twenty-five cents a day. There is no> pro-
tection from the noxious fumes and, on
an average, eighty men and boys have to
go to the hospital each day. This is a
typical instance of how enormous profits
are made for Chinese and foreign factory
owners out of the blood of the poor.
Thousands of children at the age of eight
and nine, are employed in the factories
and exposed to all the perils and hardships
even of the night-shifts. +
No special brand of intellectual culture,
no political reforms, no Marxian creed,
or cult of Labour unions, can supply
what China needs. This brief sum-
mary of the actual movements in
China reveals a complex of conditions
which can only be met by all the organ-
ised teaching, remedies and alleviations
of the Christian Church. Evangelism
must not be set in antithesis to educa-
tion ; both are necessary ; and together
with them must go the ministry of heal-
ing and the propaganda of a Gospel of
economic justice and social service. Nto
one Church can carry on all these mani-
fold ministries associated with Christian
missions, hence the policy of missionary
societies must be one of fraternal co-
operation. Our missionaries are in
China, not for the aggrandisement of our
home churches ; but for the sake of the
+ Next month we shall commence a series of articles by
Principal Redfern, on “The Growth of Industrialism in
China.”
88


A Missionary Tour of the British Empire Exhibition
Kingdom, and for the formation of the
Christian Church of China.
The history of the work begun and now
being carried on by the different Churches
in China affords a noble and splendid
apology for the strange enterprise of
Christian missions. Knowledge of the
facts is the best advertisement of our
work and provides the finest inspiration
for obeying the missionary command of
Christ. Addressing the faculty and
students of the Peking Union Medical
College recently, Mr. F. W. Stevens, a
layman, asked :
“ Do you know of a single organized ac-
tivity in China, on a scale of importance, that
aims at moral improvement, or that is cal-
culated to bring it about, and that is not
traceable in its origin to the Christian Mis-
sions? . . . These institutions are doing
nearly all that is being done at all for the
economic and social welfare of the Chinese,
. . The modern system of education in
China began with the work of Christian
Mission teachers. The modern hospitals
and trained nurses in China to-day are all
connected directly or indirectly with mis-
sionary effort. The nursing profession in
China is almost entirely in the hands of
missionaries and Chinese Christians.”*
Most readers of The Missionary Echo
knew all this, yet they will not regret to
have this unsolicited testimony from an
American who is not a missionary.
* See pp. 30, 31, February.—Ed.

A Missionary Tour of the
British Empire Exhibition.
THIS is an age of accurate know-
ledge, and our books and news-
papers are filled with information
gleaned from every corner of the world ;
yet even in these days it is amazing what
strange things people believe about
foreign missions. They seem to think
that missionaries are a race apart from
ordinary men and women and that their
work has no relation to anything else that
is going on in the countries in which they
work. Let me show you a little of what
is really being done by missions.
Have you realized that in every country
where lepers are cared for, the pioneer
work among them was done by mission-
aries? Now, of course, much of it is
done by Government, but mission hospi-
tals still lend invaluable assistance and
are still in the van of progress in the new
treatment which is being so successful.
Have you realized that all modern edu-
cation for women in India was begun by
missionaries, and that much of the higher
education is still in their hands? Sir
Michael Sadler, writing in the Calcutta
University Report, says, “In 1918 there
were only 156 women in all the training
institutions for women teachers of every
grade, and of these 92 were Indian Chris-
tians,” and later, “Without them (viz.,
the missionaries) the problem of the
By Miss L. M. SHANN, B.Sc.,
Assistant Secretary Christian
Service Exhibits, B.E.E., Wembley.
supply of teachers for girls would be
insoluble. ”
Have you realized that the work and
teaching of missionaries gave the first
impulse to all that is being done for the
outcastes of India? Now much is being
done by Government and some voluntary
work, is being carried on by non-Chris-
tians ; but even the latter for the most
part confess that they are inspired by the
ideals of Christ, though they refuse to
accept His religion.
The preaching of the Gospel is, of
course, the missionary’s first aim and
object, but this naturally leads to much
in the way of practical service for those
among whom he is working, and much
of the finest social WQrk in the world is
being done by missionaries. When you
visit the British Empire Exhibition you
will have a chance of learning something
about this side of missionary work, for
a number of societies have combined to
prepare a united exhibit in several of the
sections, especially the Indian and West
African. Visit the Indian section. You
will find there a model of the Women’s
Christian College, Madras, which is sup-
ported by no less than twelve societies,
six British, one Canadian, and the rest in
the United States. You will see models
and photographs of schools varying from
89


A Missionary Tour of the British Empire Exhibition
the simplest little village school to a
great High School having in connection
with it six branch schools—a school which
last year' gave medals to no less than 13
boys and masters who had risked their
lives for others during the past twelve
months. Look out for their Roll of
Honour on the wall; not many schools
can show one to equal it. Look out, too,
for the model of a school in South India
for deaf and dumb children. They enter
the school like little wild animals, quite
untrained : they leave it fitted to earn
their own livelihood, able to lip-read and
to talk intelligibly. On the walls see
specimens of their delightful Weather and
Nature charts.
Perhaps you are more interested in
medical work than in education. In this
section there will be two models of hos-
pitals, one which serves a great city, and
another which is the centre for medical
work in a huge rural area. It has 15
hospitals and dispensaries under its care,
and also trains doctors and nurses.
Probably this is the largest medical mis-
sion in the world.
Round the walls will be hung photo-
graphs, among them some delightful pic-
tures of Indian Scouts and Wolf Cubs.
You will also find displayed there speci-
mens of exquisite lace and embroidery,
samples of a great industry introduced by
a missionary as long ago as 1830. This
industry is under the management of mis-
sionaries and provides the means of
livelihood to hundreds of women in the
villages of South India. Surplus profits
are devoted mainly to the support of
schools in the district for the benefit of
the people.
Pass on to the Gold Coast Section. On
the wall you will see a large painting of
the fine College opened in March, 1924.
Look at the books written in the ver-
nacular. In many cases missionaries
have been the first to reduce a language
to writing and the first and only literature
is Christian. Surely that is a great ser-
vice to render to a people.
Go to the Nigerian Section and see
pictures of churches built by African
labour with African money. You will find
also models of schools and specimens of
their work. “According to the Depart-
ment of Education for 1919, the total
number of Government schools in
Southern Nigeria was 212, with an en-
rolment of 30,000 pupils. Of these,
43 schools, with an enrolment of 5,000
pupils, were owned and maintained by
the Government, and 169 schools, with
25,000 pupils, were owned by missions
and received Government grants.” In
the Sierra Leone court you will find a fine
model of Fourah Bay College.
These figures show that the Christian
bodies at work in the country are making
no small contribution to the welfare of
the people. Since an educated Church
is likely to be a strong and growing
Church, it will be no surprise to learn
that there has been striking progress in
numbers and in self-support and in-
dependence.
When you have looked at these ex-
hibits you will long to know more. You
will also be tired and glad to sit down.
Find your way then to the charming little
bookroom erected for the joint use of the
societies co-operating in this enterprise.
There you will find comfortable chairs
and a delightful selection of books to suit
all tastes and all ages. You will realize,
as probably never before, how many and
how delightful are the books now to be
obtained about the peoples and problems
of other lands. And remember that it is
only in so far as every one of the varied
races which comprise our vast Empire are
led by the Spirit of God that the Empire
can fulfil the task to Avhich we believe, in
the providence of God, it has been called
—the task of standing for righteousness
and peace, for the protection and develop-
ment of undeveloped peoples, for a great
Brotherhood of Nations.


The Observatory.
THE EDITOR.
Kenya Colony.
In a short item on p. 14 (Jan.) it was
•stated that the proposed extension of the
Uganda railway would not “go anywhere
near our Meru Mission.” Mr. Hopkins
thinks, this too extreme a statement, and
reports thus.
“The extension from Thika to Nyeri
was commenced in January, and when
completed will bring the railhead within
81 miles of Meru. This will mean an
•enormous saving in the working of Meru,
as quite 30 per cent of the cost of our
administration here is swallowed up by
transport and travelling.”
We rejoice to hear this news.
Veterans.
The departure of Dr. Candlin for
China on the 11th ult., and the arrival
from China of the Rev. F. J. Dymond on
5th of the same month deserves and
will receive grateful recognition : the
former in his 47th year of service and the
latter in his 37th. Great is their honour ;
greater is our appreciation of such self-
sacrificing and continuous devotion.
The vision and the reality.
From an excellent and thoughtful letter
from the Rev. H. Truelove we cull the
following' (without his permission). He
left for China, Sept. 8, 1923.
“So far as the life of missionaries is
concerned we aie settling' down to it very
well. The language difficulty is our
biggest one, and I am looking forward to
the day when I can take my share of the
work. But even when one can speak
there will still be a sufficiency of acute
problems, but sufficient unto the
day----- There is a tremendous scope
and a wonderful opportunity here for the
Gospel to make vital inroads into the life
of this people, and, to be s.ure, from all
that one has seen already ‘ it works. ’
Multitudes of new impressions crowd in
upon one day by day. Sometimes they are
thrilling because of the loyalty to truth
manifested, and even of willingness to
suffer. At other times they are just the
reverse. The widespread idolatry makes
one wonder at the credulity of the folk,
but there is poverty and a heartlessness
about their life truly amazing. Yester-
day we had a woman whose child Mrs.
Truelove had noticed in church coming to
offer her bairn to us—she was too poor
to keep it. We told the story to a
Roman Catholic sister whom we saw.
They have an orphanage, and she says
that frequently they get seven or eight
offered in a single day.
Peking Medical College. Opening Ceremony, in 1922. See also p. 93.
91


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Two Hospitals:
A Comparison.
Dr. W. E. PLUMMER.
IT has recently been necessary to pay a
visit to the Peking Union Medical
College Hospital accompanying a
patient,* and thus, an opportunity has
been afforded of seeing this wonderful
institution.
The place was built by Mr. Rockefeller,
of Standard Oil fame, to serve as an
object-lesson to the Chinese and as a
training school for doctors and nurses,
and therefore the laboratory equipment is
most extensive. The hospital is conducted
on the most modern lines : the parents are
in metal spring beds covered with sheets
of spotless linen. Each patient has been
so well washed on arrival that even the
finger and toe nails were immaculate in
all cases, that I noted. Every patient has
a complete blood examination made in ad-
dition to the routine tests and also a
microscopical examination of every part
of the body. There are about two hun-
dred and fifty beds (about twice as many
as Dr. Stedeford is looking after in Wen-
♦This patient was Mrs. Plummer. Her serious illness
is referred to by the Secretary. Page 4, January.—Ed.
chow), but instead of two, there are forty
doctors and a big staff of nurses, both
foreign and Chinese, as well as students.
There are over one thousand persons on
the pay roll of the institution altogether.
If one leaves Peking, which by the by
is adopting many of the outward signs of
Western civilization, such as motor cars,
trams and electric light, and travels to
Chu Chia Tsai, in S-hantung, the change
is striking. Although Shantung is hilly
in the south, yet at Chu Chia Tsai the
country is quite flat and all the houses are
built of mud, and everything is probably
going on just the same as in past cen-
turies. The Hospital,! if we may use the
same word as is applied to the Rockefeller
Institution, has accommodation for from
fifty to sixty patients. The beds are made
of boards laid on a couple of trestles, and
I have seen a patient asleep with a block
of wood for a pillow. J The people in this
part of China are accustomed to sleep
on brick-built kangs, so they do not find
our boards any harder than their own
l Ours.—Ed. t See p. 27. Picture used too soon.
Lao Line’ Hospital. [Dr. W. E. Piwmmer.
92


Two Hospitals: A Comparison
beds, and such a couch has the advantage
that it can be easily cleaned and stored
away.
The patients do not desire a bath ; they
wear their own clothes and bring their
own bedding and also a relative to wait
on them. Cases of long-continued fever,
such as typhoid, do not often come under
our care, but it is in this class of case that
proper nursing is so important, so if per-
chance a school girl, or someone else in
our charge, gets a prolonged illness, then
we have to improvise amateur nursing,
which is nearly always unsatisfactory.
For instance, we leave written and
verbal instructions with the Chinese helper
that certain diet is to be given, or not
allowed, and find on the next visit that the
orders have not been carried out because
the patient was “Not willing.”
In spite of this the majority of our cases
recover quickly. This is partly due to the
fact that almost all those who apply to us
for help are subacute or chronic cases of
illness, which means that when acute ill-
ness comes they generally stay in their
homes, and if they do not die or recover
completely, then we may be asked to help.
It is easy to understand that during the
first days of illness there is the constant
hope that things will mend, and it is only
when this fades away that the long, tiring
and sometimes dangerous journey by cart
to the hospital will be undertaken.
From the missionary point of view,
patients of this class are excellent
material. They soon become strong
enough to listen to the preaching and ap-
preciate what is being done for their re-
lief. The friend who acts as nurse also
gets the benefit of the services. It is
hoped in the future to extend the evan-
gelistic work being done by attempting
to help all the patients to read the pho-
netic. script so that they may be able to
continue to learn the New Testament after
leaving us.
I think all missionary doctors are try-
ing to raise the standard of their work,
and would like to have clean, patients in
linen covered beds, but bedding, hot
water, soap and towels are expensive, and
bath-rooms would have to be built and
extra assistants provided to look after the
bedding and the patients, so until the
Chinese are able to bear a bigger share
of the expense, I am afraid we shall have
to continue as at present. Before com-
ing here I was told that friends in Tient-
sin supported the hospital, and I thought
that this meant the well-to-do Chinese
Christians : I find, however, that this is
not the case, and that we are indebted to
the foreign business firms, who for a
number of years past have generously pro-
vided funds. As the claims of mission
hospitals in the more immediate neigh-
bourhood of Tientsin are growing, and the
I
Staff and Students, [From historic sfeefc/i .• as promised gn £ 69.
Peking Uniojo Medical College.
Taken in the forecourt of the hospital. From left to right the groups are:
Nurses, administrative staff, students, laboratory assistants, hospital attendants.
93


“ Timothy Richard of China ”
calls on these traders for assistance for
famine-relief and help towards the Japa-
nese disaster have been so great, I am
wondering how we shall fare in the
future.
In a country like China, where the
altruistic spirit is lacking, and everyone
is out to make the most for himself, the
value of the mission hospital is as great
as ever, not only as a demonstration of
the Christian spirit of helping the helpless
but as a direct evangelising agency.
-?*
“ Timothy Richard
of China.”*
II.—Personal Recollections.
A Review.
By the
Rev. G. T. CANDLIN, I).I>
(See pp. 72-4, April.)
DR. RICHARD was a missionary of
missionaries. Among the thousands
of missionaries who have given
their lives for China are a few, a rare,
choice few, royal souls of the Kingdom
who were endowed with the supreme gift
of impressing their personality upon all
who came in contact with them. It was
not culture or learning or even character
in the ordinary sense. It stole like holy
incense, but free from sanctimonious in-
fluence, fresh as the fragrance of the wild
hedge-rose affecting spontaneously, in-
evitably ; a thing apart from accomplish-
ments or qualifications, upon all alike,
their colleagues, their converts, even those
who were brought into the most casual
contact with them. A natural charm,
sincere, satisfying, possessing. Such
were Dr. Morrison, William Burns,
and James Gilmour of Mongolia, and
David Hill, and our own Nelthorpe Hall.
They could not help pleasing. Timothy
Richard stands central among such
spirits. “What is the secret” Dr.
Tenney, once asked me “of Richard’s in-
fluence over us all, that we do all of us,
men of the most varied occupations—my-
self, MacLeish, Addis, Murray Stuart,
Norris, you, that we do—sometimes a
bit reluctantly, almost against our own
judgment, what he asks us? ” I admitted
the fact, but could furnish no answer. “I
think,” said he, “it is because without any
pose or craft he naturally gives you the
impression while in his company that you
are the very dearest friend he has.”
What an asset for a missionary !
Even the familiar manner in which he
is universally called simply by his plain
* By Prof. W. E. Soothill, M A. 12/6, Seeley, Service & Co.
name is due to this sense of endearment,
of intimacy. Timothy Richard, Li t’i
mo T’ai, so he was universally known.
The initiative probably came from the
Chinese people. Perhaps no foreigner
has ever been so uniformly spoken of bv
his bare name just as they speak of Li
Hung Chang, or of Yuen Shih K’ai or
Feng Yii Hsiang. Timothy Richard was
not of the hail-fellow-well-met type. He
had a commanding presence, a full mea-
sure of personal dignity. Yet instinctively
he was always Li t’i mo T’ai.
His method as a missionary was
unique. Most of us go to China uncon-
sciously, or even consciously, fixed in the
moulds “the forms and pressures ” of the
West. We aim to be preachers, orators,
debaters there as here. We too much
reproduce the English minister. Perhaps
we can hardly do better. We must have
a pulpit. Richard was the man who could
do without a pulpit. It is natural that
we should do things in the way we have
been taught. But few have gone to China
with the richly-furnished mind, the know-
ledge of men and things he had, and been
less of preachers. In English or Chinese
he was not the man to bring down the
house. “Mr. Richard,” said the great
secretary of his mission to me in refer-
ence to his public addresses, “has for-
gotten all the catchwords of English
oratory. People do not always see what
he is driving- at.” Often his hearers dicT
not see the connection between his state-
ments. It was always there right enough,,
but it had to be looked for, and it was
never in him to appeal to the gallery.
The very comprehensiveness of his mine?
often caused him to leave out the links
they looked for, but never man went to