Citation
Missionary echo of the Methodist Church

Material Information

Title:
Missionary echo of the Methodist Church
Abbreviated Title:
Missionary echo
Creator:
Methodist Church (Great Britain) ( Author, Primary )
Place of Publication:
London
Publisher:
Andrew Crombie
Henry Hooks
Language:
English
Physical Description:
volume ; 31 cm

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Methodist Church (Great Britain) -- Missions -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
Methodist Church (Great Britain) ( LCNAF )
Missions, British -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
Missions, British ( LCSH )
Missions -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
衛理公會(英國) -- 宣教 -- 期刊
衛理公會(英國)
英國傳教士 -- 期刊
傳教士,英國
任務 -- 期刊
卫理公会(英国) -- 宣教 -- 期刊
卫理公会(英国)
英国传教士 -- 期刊
传教士,英国
任务 -- 期刊
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
Temporal Coverage:
1893 -
Spatial Coverage:
Europe -- United Kingdom -- England -- Greater London -- London
Asia -- China
Asia -- India
Africa -- British Africa
North America -- Caribbean
歐洲 -- 英國 -- 英格蘭 -- 大倫敦 -- 倫敦
亞洲 -- 中國
亞洲 -- 印度
非洲 -- 英屬非洲
北美 -- 加勒比海
欧洲 -- 英国 -- 英格兰 -- 大伦敦 -- 伦敦
亚洲 -- 中国
亚洲 -- 印度
非洲 -- 英属非洲
北美 -- 加勒比海
Coordinates:
51.507222 x -0.1275
35 x 103
21 x 78
18.18 x -77.4
-8.7832 x 34.5085

Notes

General Note:
Catalogued from volumes 3 (1896) and 31 (1924)
General Note:
Title from cover and index
General Note:
VIAF (name authority) : Methodist Church (Great Britain) : URI http://viaf.org/viaf/158324772

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS University of London
Holding Location:
SOAS University of London
Rights Management:
This item is licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution, Non-Commercial License. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this work non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms.
Resource Identifier:
123988723 ( OCLC )

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Full Text
THE
Missionary Echo
OF THE
IUmteb flbetbobist Gbuvcb.
Editor :
J. E. SWALLOW.
VOLUME XXX.
1923.
In Christ Jesus the Gentiles are fellow-heirs,
fellow members, fellow-partakers.
Eph. iii. 6.
London :
HENRY HOOKS, 12 FARRINGDON AVENUE, E.C. 4.


INDEX.
CHINA. PAGE
An Emperor’s Throne 10
Buddhism. J. S. Clemens , D.D. ... 50
,, Prof. Soothiil, M.A. ... 70
Christian Education. Dr. Snape 101, 130, 150
General Feng 121
Medical Missions ... 15
National Conference 8, 29
Twelve Greatest Chinese. B. Mathews 125
NORTH CHINA.
Beyond the City Gate. Mrs. Eddon... 120
Christmas at Tientsin. Mrs. Eddon ... 99
District Meeting. D. V. Godfrey ... 133
Farewell. E. Richards ... ... ... 186
Hinds, Rev. J. W. Bainbridge ... 110
Impressions of North China. Mrs.
Plummer ... ... ... ... ... 39
It Wins Its Widening Way. F. B.
Turner ......... ... ... ... 170
Lao Sung. D. V. Godfrey ... ... 148
Lu Mrs. Mrs. Plummer ... ... 119
Tong Shan. F. B. Turner ... 48, 146
Tranquil Goodness Church. Miss
Armitt .........................198
Turner’s School, Miss ......... ... 79
Women Workers Wanted. Miss
Armitt .........................120
SOUTH-EAST CHINA'.
Farewell. W. Tremberth ........... 12
,, Miss Smith ... ... ... 47
,, Miss Simpson ... ... 198
,, H. Truelove.............187
Galpin, Rev. F. W. E. Soothill, M.A. 30
Letter from Miss Bates ..... ... 33
,, Miss Smith ... ... 200
Message from Wenchow. Mrs. Stobie 77
Ningpo College. W. B. Bates, M.A.... 33
Nosu Disaster, A. C. E. Hicks ... 224
Sheppard and Tremberth, Messrs. ... 195
Wenchow Typhoon. W. R. Stobie 37, 88
Women of Wenchow. Mrs. Chapman 218
SOUTH-WEST CHINA.
Among the Hills. Mrs. Craddock ... 137
Among the Nosu. C. N. Mylne ... 187
Bible School. W. H. Hudspeth, B.A. 75
Chair Coolies. C. N. Mylne ... 89, 114
Christmas at Chao Tong. Miss Raine 100
Farewell. C. E. Hicks ... ... ... 11
,, Dr. Lilian Dingle ... ... 86
,, F. W. Cotbrell... ... ... 206
Letter From Miss Li ... ... ... 179
Miao, Week-end Among. Miss Raine 219
Others and Ourselves. F. R. Crad-
dock ... ... ... ... ... 66
Plums Chapel Opening. W. FI. Hud-
speth .............................21
Pollard’s Grave. H. Parsons ... ... 68
Universal Spring, At. C. N. Mvlne 34
PAGE
Visit to Si Fang Ching. Miss Barwick 17
Visit to Hsuin-tien. F. J. Dymond... 216
Visit to Stone Gateway. Miss Squire,
B.A., .........................118
AFRICA.
Khama, A Great Chief. J. E. S. ... 61
Christian Literature. Canon Rowling 192
College, Livingstone ... ... ... 281
EAST AFRICA.
Christmas at Ribe. Mrs. Hopkins... 97
Doom of the Drinking Pots. A. J.
Hopkins ... ... ........ ... 94
East and West in Kenya. R. T.
Worthington ... ... ... ... 201
Katheri. B. J. Ratcliffe ... ....... 35
Translator’s Joy, A. R. T. Worth-
ington ... ... ... ... ... 13
Meru, A Story from. Miss Taylor ... 69
,, Steady Toil at. B. J.' Ratcliffe 172
Women’s Work in East Africa. Mrs.
Wood ...............................96
Women and Girls of Meru. Mrs. Wor-
thington ... ...... ... ... 59
WEST AFRICA.
Light and Shade In. W. S. Mickle-
thwaite ... ... ... 209,, 225
Go, Send! E. F. FI. Capey ...
Gifts, They Presented ...
Getting and Giving. Mrs. Brooks
Grenfell, Dr. Wilfred. A. Porritt
Harrogate Exhibition.
HOME AND GENERAL.
Aeroplane, Missionary ... ... ... 126
Adventure, A Great. R. O. Hall ... 137
Backward Races. Sir S. Olivier ... 229
British, French and German. J. E. S. 26
Competition ... ... ..... 67, 135
Collectors, Noteworthy 85, 136, 156
Christ, A Prayer to. Papini ......191
Conference, Missions at. S. Arnold... 167
Call to Serve (Moravian). Mr. Keevil... 193
Comparisons. W. A. Grist ... ... 211
Contributions. Aggregate .........215
Dawn of Things, The. J. M. Blake 141
Deputation, The 2, 27, 39, 58
-------- i
5
139
157
H. Chatterton 112
A. Evans ... 181
J. E. S. 62, 108
Stevenson ... 200
London Demonstration
Leper Settlement, A.
Mission House, From the 2, 24, 44, 63,
83, 104, 123, 143, 163, 184, 204, 221
Negro Wisdom. H. Hall ... ... ... 230
Non-Christians. Why Disturb. J. C.
Story ... ... ... ... ... 54
Observatory, The. J. E. S. 52, 72, 117,
128, 171
Organ, Gift of Rochdale... ... ... 69


PAGE
R. O. Hall
C. Roberts
W. Cooper
E. E. Lark
Prayer Union, The. J. E. S. 5, 23, 49, 62,
92, 103, 127, 142, 171, 188, 217, 227
Parsons, Mrs. In Memoriam ... ... 7
. 28
. 87
. 6
. 207
. 155
. 107
. 57
Prayer, Call to.
Poet of Hope, A.
Report for 1922.
Report for 1923.
Savages or Saints
Smith, Rev. E. W. J. T. Barkby
I’reasurer’s Statement. J. Ward
Student’s Demonstration. F. W. Cot-
trell ..........................
82
Thirty Thousand Fund. - J. E. Mack-
intosh ... ... ... ... ... 127
Race Problem, The. N. W. Rowell... 194
Women’s Auxiliary 16, 39, 58, 77, 96, 118,
137, 158, 178, 198, 218, 234
Weddings, Two Eastern. Miss Ford 213, 228
Women’s Annual Council ... ... 158
Warless World, A ... ... ... 53
World Co-operation. Basil Mathews
162, 189
World Co-operation. Sir Arthur Hirtzel 190
FOR YOUNG FOLK.
Animal Stories. FI. Parsons 74, 174, 196
Magic Window, The. H. Parsoss ... 28
Now He Knows! H. Parsons ... ... 56
Silver Lining, The. T. Nightingale ... 214
POETRY.
April in Easter. S. Gertrude Ford ... 69
April—Fellowship. W. C. Braithwaite... 69
Autumn Song, An. S. G. Ford ... 188
Call, The .Mission ... ... ... 57
Christmas on the African Field. S. G.
Ford ... ... ... ... ... 223
Christmas Meditation, A. Miss Syson 229
Christmastide. Lewis Carroll ... ... 236
Crucifix, A Wayside. J. M. Blake ... 37
Discipleship. PI. W. Frost ... ... 20
Echo, A Missionary ... ... ... .57
Good Friday. E. Shillito ... ... 49
Harvest Song. S. G. Ford ... ... 160
June Roses. S. G. Ford ... ... 113
Kings. F. Langbridge ... ... ... 15
Lamps Burning, Keep the. C. Ellison 73
Not Ashamed ... ... ... ... 57
Prayer, A. Whittier ...... 93
Prayer Thoughts. A. A. L. Barwick... 197
Reformer, The Real. W. Watson ... 67
Shepherd, The Good. C. Rossetti ... 120
Sweeter the Song ... ... ... ... 9
Trees and the Missionary. S. G. Ford 38
Voyage, The Last. Tvnan'. ... Index iii.
Work. Kashmir ... ... ... ... 134
REVIEWS.
“China Through Chinese Eyes.” T. W.
Chapman ... ... ........ ... 41
Duff, Alexander. W. A. Grist ... 92
Gentleman in Prison, A. A. E. J.
Cosson ... ... ... ... ... 153
Goudie, W...........................233
International Review of Missions
32, 92, 195, 232
Martyn, Henry. E. C. Bartlett ... 32
Medical Practice. J. W. Heywood... 176
PAGE
Missionaries Lit. Assoc. R. H. Kipling 177
Pitcairn, Peter Payne, Stewart of
Lovedale ... ........ ... 52
Pollard, Four Lessions on. T. A. Jef-
feries ... ... 215
Preacher’s Manual, A ... 7
Report ... ... ... 232
PORTRAITS.
Bryars, Esq., H. ... Buddha, The Great ... ... 108
... 71
Candlin, Dr. ... 167
Capey, E. F. 11. (President) ... ... 1
Cocker, Esq., James ... 109
Cottrell, Rev. F. W 165, 206
Dingle, Dir. Lilian ... 86
Executive, North China... ... 176
Feng Yu-shiang, General ... 121
Galpin, Rev. F ... 31
Heywood, Rev. J. W. ... ... 169
Flicks, C. E. ... 11
Flinds, Rev. J. ... 168
Khama, African Chief ... 61
Lew, Dr. Timothy Richards, Rev. Ernest ... 41
165, 186
Smith, Miss P. B. ... 47
Simpson, Miss E. ... 165, 198
Tremberth, Rev. W. ... 12
Truelove, Rev. FI. ... 165, 187
Smith, Rev. E. W. ... 107
OTHER ILLUSTRATIONS.
NORTH CHINA.
Emperor’s Throne ... ... 10
Chu Chia, Journey to ... 40
,, Near ... 48
,, Preaching Shed ... 104
,, On the Road to ... ... 207
,, Scene ... ... 112
Farewell to Rev. J. Hinds ... Ill
Lao Sung ... ... 149
Shantung, Travelling in ... ... 84
Tongshan Church and Congregation... 8
,, Market Place... ... 146
SOUTH-EAST CHINA.
Consulting Room, Wenchow ... Rice Milling, Wenchow ... Temple View, Wenchow... ... 205
... 185
... 141
Typhoon Ruins, Wenchow 88, 105, 124, 144
Wenchow, Hospital ... 101
,, Ward ... 159
Wenchow College ... Young China ... 131 ... 33
SOUTH-WEST CHINA.
An, of Tseh Chitoh, Mr. ... ... 138
Chair. A Four-man ... 89
Chair. A Little Girl’s ... ... 90
Chao-tong, Group at ... 99
Chinese School Boys ... 137
Chuan-Miao Women ... 21
Explanation, A Word of ... 66
Peter and Denis ... ... 66
Pollard’s Grave ... 68


Plum-village Chapel Opening
Miao Scholars ... ...
River Miao ...
Si fang ching, Group at ...
Schoolboys ..............
Squire, and Group, Miss
Stephen Lee’s nephews
Suspension Bridge ...
Temple, Copper ...
Tong Chuan Road
Travellers Resting
Yangtze, Houseboat on
EAST AFRICA.
Forest Scouts of Kenya...
Kikuyu Scotch Church ...
Katheri
Meru, Bell and Boy. ...
,, Congregation at ...
,, Women
,, First Scholar at ...
Ngao, Deputation at
1
“ 3 wist) you a happy now year. C?be best yet by far.
Obe particulars to be filled-in by One wbo cannot err.”
—MARCUS DODS.

The Last Voyage.
Some morning I shall rise from sleep,
When all the house is still and dark :
I shall steal down and find my ship
By the dim quayside and embark.
Nor fear the seas nor any wind :
I have known Fear but now no more.
The winds shall bear me safe and kind,
Long-hoped-for and long-waited-for.
To no strange country shall I come,
But to mine own, delightful land,
With Love to bid me welcome home
And Love to lead me by the hand.
Love! you and I shall cling together,
And look long in each other’s eyes ;
There shall be rose and violet weather
Under the trees of Paradise.
PAGE
... 22 Ratcliffe Family, The ...
29 Ratcliffe and Mgoholi, Mr.
175 Ribd, Teacher at............
19 School, Out-station
74, 137 Smiler, Philip
180 Tana, On the River ...
119 Worthington and Girls, Mrs.
128
WEST AFRICA.
... 115
... 140 Church at Bo
64, 216 Court at Exhibition........
Quaint Costumes at Bazaar
„„ HOME AND GENERAL.
201 Afric’s Fountains. One of
35 Collectors at Sheffield
24 Inter. Miss. Council, Oxford
2 Sle'ssor Memorial Window
45 Students and Staff, Manchester
55 Sudan Girls ...
4 Willington W.M.A.
PAGE
. 6
36
. 26
. 172
. 14
. 95
. 59
... 209
... 261
... 164
... 97
... 156
189, 190
... 162
... 81
... S0
8
We shall not hear the ticking clock,
Nor the swift rustle of Time’s wings :
Nor dread the sharp dividing stroke
• Being come now to immortal things.
You of that country shall be fain,
Being now no new inhabitant,
Its beauties to point out, explain,
And all its dear delights to vaunt.
They will not end in a thousand years :
Love, we shall be so long together,
Withouten any sword to fear,
Glad in the rose and violet weather.
With all those wonders to admire,
And the heart’s hunger satisfied :
Given at long last the heart’s desire
We shall forget we ever died.
Oh, in some morning dateless yet
I shall steal out in the sweet dark
And find my ship with sails all set
By the dim quay-side, and embark.
Katherine Tynan, in “Spectator.”
By permission of editor and author.



Go! Send!
THE Editor asks me for a
clarion call. Such a call
has been sounded out long
ago, and I can, at the best, but
feebly echo it.
“ Go ye into all the world
and preach the Gospel to
every creature.”
The
PRESIDENT.
the most sacred and strictest
honour, and there’s an end on’t.”
We cannot debate it, we cannot
doubt it. It is enough that the
promise comes through His lips.
Go ’ Send!
Not yet has every creature
heard the Good News. How
shall they hear without a preacher ?
H ow shall one preach unless
he be sent ? Who shall send—
if not we ?
Go ye. Send ye. We must
go, we must send, because we
ought ; we ought, because we
can ; we can, because
“ Lo ! I am with you alway,
even unto the end of the
world.”
This promise, says Livingstone,
is “ the word of a gentleman of
January, 1923.
Rev. Ernest F. H. Capey, President!


The Doings of the
Deputation.—IX.
Meru.
The journey to Meru is full of interest.
The first half of it covers 200 miles by
train to Nairobi. There is a gradual
ascent to over 5,000 feet, and the line
traverses the extensive game reserve
where many wild animals may be seen in
their native haunts. We started from
Mazeras in the evening- of September
10th, and arrived at Nairobi in the after-
noon of the following day. Early the
next morning our company, including
Mr. and Mrs. Butler, Mr. and Mrs. Hop-
kins, Mr. Griffiths, and myself, started in
motors for the next stage of the journey
as far as Nyeri. The road passes through
country broken with hill and dale which,
while lengthening- the course by many
zigzag windings, greatly enhances the
beauty of the scenery. We passed
through Thika with its beautiful falls,
Fort Hall with its border traditions, and
arrived at Nyeri as the sun was setting.
We remained the night in this pleasant
settlement centre and then off again in
our motors for Meru. The road now
began to skirt the great mountain of
Kenya whose snow-clad peaks - attract
In Meru and Tanaland.
Rev. C. STEDEFORD.
attention whether gleaming in sunlight
or mantled in mist. We crossed very
extensive plains where ostriches and
other large birds find their home. The
last twelve miles took us through a forest,
and a little distance beyond it we were
greeted by Mr. and Mrs-. Ratcliffe, Miss
Taylor, Miss Jennings and Mr. Perry, on
o-ur Meru station. We were glad to find
ourselves again in a missionary house,
where so often we have found a home so
far away from home.
As we became more acquainted with
Meru the more we were charmed with its
scenery and delighted with its climate.
In contrast to our other stations in Africa,
it offers a congenial abode for Europeans-.
Our mission building, which serves the
purposes of both church and school, is a
rude structure built of piles and covered
with thatch, without any pretence at
elegance o-r comfort. In this place the
members of the mission were called to
prayers each morning at 7 o’clock, and
immediately following began the school
lessons. We found there, under the
superintendence of Miss Taylor, about


The Doings of the Deputation
forty students whose ages ranged from
•childhood to manhood.
On the Sunday we were in Meru about
•.seventy persons assembled in the morn-
ing service. . The service was conducted
by Mr. Ratcliffe, and I gave an address
•on behalf of the deputation. The order
'throughout the service was excellent, and
it was gratifying to see such a gathering
in the youngest of our mission centres.
On two different days we visited two of
•our Meru out-stations which have been
recently opened. Both are withi’n easy
distance of the central station and both
in charge of native preachers. In each
place a rough structure has been erected
by the natives themselves as proof of
their desire for Christian instruction. A
day school has been opened, and some
young men of the warrior ag'e are among'
the scholars. More primitive buildings it
would be impossible to imagine, but as
the first evidence of the willingness of the
people to receive Christian teaching they
are more significant than any building'
erected by foreign money could be. In
one of these out-stations, Thura, the vil-
lage elders, assembled to greet us. It
was my privilege to address them. In
reply they expressed their welcome to the
teacher and particularly the desire for
medicine to cure their bodily ailments.
In Tanaland.
On September 21st we left Meru for
our return journey. Business detained us
for a day in Nairobi, and we arrived at
Mazeras on the 25th. Many and vexa-
tious are the delays in Africa. On the
27th we were to have taken boat for the
Tana river, but the boat did not leave
Mombasa until October 1st. The follow-
ing day we arrived at Lamu. The next
morning we had to stir at three o’clock in
order to catch the tide for Kipini at the
mouth of the river. We sailed in a dhow,
and found it a very tedious journey as the
wind was against us. We did not reach
Kipini until late in the afternoon. In the
dhow the next day we took the first stage
of the Tana river as far a.s Kau, where we
had to spend the night in a reed structure
which abounded with mosquitoes. The
next morning to escape those pests we
breakfasted in the open air. Again board-
ing the dhow we made a slow ascent of
the river as far as Belazoni. The wind
often failed, and we had to depend upon
oars and other slow methods of propul-
sion. We were glad to spend the night
in a comfortable house at Belazoni. Early
the next morning we had our first experi-
ence of primitive canoes. These are
simply trunks of trees which have been
dug out and 'rudely fashioned into
canoes. We had to seat ourselves in the
bottom of the canoe. Against the stream
we were propelled by poles being pushed
against the banks. There were two men
to drive each canoe. During this day
we entered the sphere of our mission. As
we passed the villages on the banks we
were often hailed by the sound of Chris-
tian hymns. The local Christians gathered
on the banks, and as soon as we ap-
proached they greeted us with song. It
was very pretty and very impressive.
They all seemed to engage in this exercise
with such simple-hearted delight. Often
we stepped out of our canoes and mingled
for a few' minutes wth the people. Again
as we moved up the river we heard the
singing until it faded in the distance,.
These halts prolonged the journey, and
we did not arrive at Ngao, our destina-
tion, until an hour after sunset. But the
last hour on the river with the cooler air
and the rising moon only added a pleasant
variation' to a most interesting day. As
we drew, to the shore at Ngao we were
joyously welcomed by a larger number
of people than we had seen at any other
place on the river. This is the chief
station of the late German mission and
one of the largest villages on the river.
We had 15 minutes’ walk to the mission-
house, situated at the top of a gentle
slope. All the way we were accompanied
by the singing throng. The singing was
excellent, and the enthusiasm with which
we were welcomed could hardly have
been surpassed.
On the Tana river we have 24 stations,
21 of which belong to the German
Mission we have recently taken over.
These stations extend for twelve days’
journey from the mouth of the river. The
membership totals 1,009. To have an
idea of the influence of a mission station
one needs to know the size and constitu-
tion of an African village. Villages form
little settlements amid extensive regions
of uncultivated country. One village
numbers between twenty and one hun-
3


The Doings of the Deputation
dred huts, with a population ranging from
60 to 400. Village elders control the
affairs of the village, so that where a
church receives the support of the elders
it becomes the most prominent feature in
the village life. The total population of
Tanaland is estimated at 25,000, and the
villages we occupy contain about one-fifth
of that number.
While at Ng’ao, the chief station, we
met in Conference about 70 teachers and
representatives of all the churches on the
Tana. We were profoundly impressed
with their devotion to their church. After
some discussion they accepted the respon-
sibility of maintaining their preachers
without aid from mission funds. This
will necessitate each member enlarging
his plantation in order to contribute his
share of the preacher’s maintenance.
Subsequently we visited the old U.M.C.
station at Golbanti and found the elders
there ready to adopt the same principle
and to maintain their preacher. Tribute
should be paid to the loyalty of the
preachers themselves, who declared their
determination to continue their work even
if they were left to find their own means
of support.
We spent a memorable day at Golbanti.
This place mingled with pathetic memo-
ries. Here it was that Mr. and Mrs.
Houghton were murdered by the Masai.
We visited the sacred spot where their
bodies were laid to rest. Beside their
grave is the grave of Mr. Consterdine,
whose gracious personality won the
hearts of all. Their resting-place is a per-
petual sermon to the people around, who
as they understand more of the Gospel
realize the significance of the sacrifice
these, martyrs made for their sake.
The Sunday we spent at Ngao was a
memorable day. The chapel there is a
well-built edifice capable of holding 400
people. It was quite full at the morning
service, one side of the chapel being occu-
pied bv women. Mr. Hopkins conducted
the service and each member of the depu-
tation gave an address. The women will
Deputation leaving Ngao, Tana River
[.Photo : T. Butler, Esq , J.P.
4


Prayer Union
certainly never forget the presence and
message of Mrs. Butler, who held up to
them a picture of the beauty and honour
of Christian womanhood.
After spending a week at Ngao and
Golbanti we had to start our journey down
the river. The same company gathered
on the shore to bid us farewell. But the
gladness of welcome was changed to
the sadness of farewell. We cannot
hope to see their faces again, but in
reverie they will often appear, and we
shall hear them singing “ God be with
you till we meet again.”
We went down the river in two days
much in the same manner as we went up.
At Lamu we had to wait a few days for
a boat that would convey us to Mombasa.
When it came it was so small, so slow
and tossed so lightly on the waves that
we had twenty-four hours of dire dis-
tress, with the exception of Mr. Hop-
kins who preserves his gaiety in spite of
everything.
A restful week at Mazcras with our
honoured missionary, Mr. Griffiths,
brought our memorable visit to East
Africa to its close. After spending pre-
cisely two months in Africa, we embarked
on November 1st on the “Modasa,” and
after a very pleasant voyage landed in
England on November 21st.
On the completion of this tour, which
has occupied thirteen months, we desire
to testify to the vivid sense of Divine help
and guidance we have experienced. The
way has often opened when first it seemed
to be barred against us, and throughout
our long' journeyings our health has been
maintained and no accident has befallen
us.
We have been appalled as we have felt
and seen the dense darkness of surround-
ing heathenism and realized the magni-
tude of the missionary task. On the other
hand, we have often been moved to the
deepest wonder and joy as we have wit-
nessed the triumph of grace in the
thousands of Christians gathered into our
mission churches and having their own
native preachers proclaiming the glad
evangel.
We return to our Church in England
bearing to her the fervent greetings of
her daughter-churches in China and
Africa. We bring also the deepened con-
viction that the Church of Christ is ful-
filling the supreme purpose of her Lord
in the mission field, and that our own
United Methodist Church in particular
has been greatly honoured in being en-
trusted with vast missionary oppor-
tunities.
-J-
Prayer Union.
Remember your leaders, the men who
spake the word of God to you ; and, con-
sidering the issue of their life, imitate
their faith. Heb xiii. 7. (Moffatt and
Westcott),
So live with men as if God saw you :
so speak with God as if men heard you.
Seneca.
Hymnsi:
Come, let us anew.
Jesus, be endless praise to Thee.
Saviour, sprinkle many nations.
Jan. 7.—Our new missionaries and
those who have returned to the far field.
Report, p. 3. Heb. 13 : 5-21.
Jan. 14.—The official welcome to the
Deputation to China and Africa. Bristol,
Jan. 17-19. Pp. 3-5, also Echo for
December, 228, 229. Romans 16.
Jan. 21.—Women’s work in Chao Tong
District. Miss Raine and Miss Barwick.
Pp. 69-71. Rom. 8 : 26-39.
Jan. 28.—Tientsin : work therein. Rev.
W. Eddon. Pp. 16-18. John 12 : 20-36.
“ O God be merciful to us and bless us. As
Thou hast mode our nation mighty in this
world, and a ruler over other nations, so make
it a source of wisdom and truth, of order and
sanctity, to all who come under its influence.
Let Thy light pass from clime to clime, and
enlighten us all. Let distant nations glorify
Thy name. Let the knowledge of Thy
righteousness redound to general good will,
and charity unfeigned reign in all our hearts.
Through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.”
Francis IT. Newman, 1805-97.
-?•»
“ They presented unto Him gifts.”
Our Treasurer has had another pleasant
surprise. May they be repeated. A
good friend, veiling himself under the
name of P. Hilos (philos) has sent a gift
of ,£1,000 for our Special Fund, intending
it for the building of the Hospital in East
Africa. This follows a gift of £2,625,
which was so charmingly sent in 1920.
“The actions of the just
Smell sweet and blossom in the dust.”
5


Our Hardy Annual: Rev
Missionary Report. Walter cooper„
HE Mission Report is a remarkable
production, and a copy of it should
find an accessible place in every
United Methodist home. Here are the
reports of the missionaries : Candlin and
Eddon and Godfrey and Hinds and Rob-
son ; Heywood and Sheppard and Redfern
and Stobie and Chapman and Stedeford ;
Dymond and Craddock and Mylne and
Evans and Hudspeth and Bolton ;
Griffiths and Ratcliffe and Hopkins and
Micklethwaite; a bundle of fascinating-
letters from personal friends. Here are the
reports of the work among women and
girls : in China at Laoling and Ningpo and
Wenchow and Yunnan ; in Africa at
Meru. Here is the summary of the
W.M.A. circuit contributions for the mis-
sion fund—a fascinating record. Here
also the totals of the circuit contributions
to the Home and Foreign mission funds.
May the day soon come when we can have
the detailed lists printed again ! Here are
the names of the members of the two
Mission Committees ; for whom the
denomination should continually pray.
Here, the stations of the missionaries ;
the names of the Chinese agents that are
specially supported ; the list of the mis-
sionaries and their postal addresses. This
last piece of information often wanted,
and not always known where to be found.
The reader of the Report will travel in
At Meru. Mr. & Mrs. Ratcliffe and family (Bernard, Bert, & Leslie).
imagination through vast provinces of
China, from the remotest north to the
mighty mountain masses of the south-
west. He will take ship and sail to East
Africa ; and front thence will reach the
seaboard washed by the Atlantic waves.
He will find himself in contact with an
incredible number of little churches work-
ing mightily for the Kingdom of God,
churches that have been established by
foreign missionaries and are centres of
light and healing-in distant lands. “Tung
Ma Lu appears to be the most alive-
church in China. Sundays and week-days
the premises are all alive with meetings.
Sunday S-chool, worship, and evening'
Bible class on Sundays ; every day street
preaching, when the chapel is more often
than not full of hearers, and every night
meetings of various kinds.” “The Chu-
Chia Tsai church is also flourishing. Sar-
castic villagers have been wont to say that
if the paid servants of the mission and of
the missionaries were eliminated, there
would be no congregation left at Chu
Chia Tsai. This taunt has now lost its
sting. Every Sunday sees the chapel well'
filled, and baptisms are frequent.” So it
goes on. Again and again he will come
up against the sense of strain in the over-
worked agents abroad. “The Wenchow*
section is to be deprived of its one foreign
worker in order to keep this important
college work going, the prin-
cipal having to go home on
furlough w-ith his young
family. Soon after these lines
are published, our chairman,
broken down in health, with
his wife, will be on his wav
home to England. Who will'
not say that this is owing to
the overwhelming- exactions
demanded, by our authorites,
in this case the whole De-
nomination, of one man to
supervise so large a mission,
besides personally administer-
ing 150 churches ! ” He will
find himself at times strangely
moved ; profoundly thankful
also to the great and g-ood
God. He will read of Chao
Fu Tang-, regular in his
attendance at the Sunday
6


“A Manual for Preachers”
services, trudging six miles to and
six miles back every Sunday through
all weathers ; of the procession of
the lame, the halt, the blind ; of faithful
work done by native brethren ; of children
of the second and third generation of
Christians, and, in one case, of the fourth
generation. He will have more than
glimpses of great dangers and wild
adventures. It is told that a man bought
“The Bible in Spain,” expecting to find
in it a mass of information concerning the
circulation of the Holy Scriptures in the
Iberian Peninsula. He found instead that
the main interest was in wild scenes and
strange characters and stirring adven-
tures. Should a man read the “Report
of the Missions ” to see how the missions
progress, he will find the information
which he seeks. At the same time he will
have glimpses of strange customs, of the
breakdown of civilization, of the irruption
of the forces of chaos. “ Our members
have been disturbed by the presence in our
midst of bands of robbers, who have
plundered and kidnapped in the villages,
terrorizing the neig'hbourhood. ”
As presented in the “Report,” the mis-
sions of the United Methodist Church are
in harmony with the highest strategy, and
are conducted with the finest tactics.
They occupy influential centres, and in
the main work amongst peoples most of
whom will have a determining influence
upon the destinies of the race. At the
same time they are carried on along lines
calculated to win truest success. There
is theological work amongst the young
men, and thereby the natives themselves
are fitted to carry on the work. There is
the great and glorious work of the hospi-
tals. At one hospital alone there have
been no fewer than 189 in-patients, while
4,121 outpatients have made 8,225 visits.
There is work amongst the children.
Swiftly do the generations come and go,
and the boys and girls of to-day will be
the men and women of to-morrow. There
is work amongst the women. “ Much de-
pends on the women,” wrote “A Student
in Arms,” when visualizing" nobler condi-
tions in his native land. The same may
be said, and with equal force, in regard
to the Christianizing of China and Africa.
Then there is that which lies at the centre
of all these activities and toward which all
these activities converge, the pure work of
evangelism, the bringing of the souls of.'
the people into contact and communion,
with Christ.
An integral part of the Mission. Report
is that which relates to the Home Mis-
sions. There is as much romance in Eng-
land as in Asia or Africa, and the evan-
gelization of the world includes both.
â– "=9"
“ A Manual for Preachers.”*
This book is presumably sent to us.
because it has two distinctions—the im-
print of the Christian Literature Society
of India, and the fact that it was prepared
by the author for students in Colombo. It
makes no claim to originality, and if it did
it would not justify itself : but the lectures
given in Sinhalese have been deemed
worthy of translation into English, which
is a recommendation. They are useful
from the first chapter, where it is asked,
“What is a sermon?” he passes through
all the phases of that wonderful thing, till
in the last he deals with “the preacher as
a man of prayer.” The chapters are as
suggestive as they are brief. An excellent
book for a homiletic class : we wonder-
how many there are in our Churches?
On October 13th, when our friend, the
Rev. H. Parsons departed from Liver-
pool Street Station, London, en route for
the “Moldavia,” there stood to say fare-
well his loving mother, who had been a
widow for many years. We have now the
mournful task of announcing" her death.
We tender our sincere sympathy to our
comrade afar, and her friends, at home.
PARSONS.—November 29th, at
Hardene, Torquay, Mrs. Parsons,
mother of the Rev. H. Parsons and
of Mrs. W. J. Nicholls, of St. Austell,
in her 82nd year.
A Negress in America praising an
English preacher for his sermon :
“Ah, your face is white, but your heart
is black.”
*A Manual for Preachers, Rev. H. J. Charter, B.A., B,D.,
Baptist Missionary Society, Ceylon. Is. 6d. net.
7


The Chinese National Official Report
Christian Conference. II.
HE one burning1 issue of the Confer-
ence was Chinese leadership.
Some thought it was theology ;
some wished it were a practical pro-
gramme for meeting China’s tremendous
social needs ; but the keys of the Church
had to be given into Chinese hands be-
fore any other great forward steps could
be taken.
The one great act of the Conference,
then, was the forming of the National
Christian Council, upon the foundations
laid by the China Continuation Com-
mittee, which in this Conference to which
all its work has led, acted upon the
fundamental principle of Christianity and
lost its own life to save it. The new
Council is directly representative of all
the Christian forces in China, and is to
have 100 members. The suggestion was
made by some delegates that in personnel
the new Council be all Chinese. A later
foreign speaker made the significant sug-
gestion that this question be left to the
Chinese delegates themselves to settle.
â– It was decided that the time has not yet
come for such a venture of faith. Of the
new Council, 51 are Chinese and 43
foreign, with three others to be elected
later. Many strong" statements on the
need of trusting Chinese leadership were
made throughout the Conference. Some
of the Chinese leaders themselves, how-
ever, pointed out that such statements
have been, made for several years, but
that hereafter, the measure to which they
were lived up to and acted upon might
well be the standard for the success of
every mission in China.
There was a certain amount of discus-
sion as to whether the new Council should
be an ecclesiastical body or a clearing-
house for the work of the church in all
its forms and a central agency to deal
with such national issues as no one church
group could adequately meet alone. The
decision was overwhelmingly in favour of
the latter plan. Invaluable help in the
forming of the new Council was given by
Mr. J. H. Oldham, general secretary of
the International Missionary Council, and
by Dr. John R. Mott, probably the two
Our Church at Tongshan.
The Congregation that received the Deputation.
T. Butler, Esq., J.P.


The Chinese National Christian Conference
most widely experienced men in the world
on problems of church organization. Such
situations as have arisen in connection
with forming a similar Council there, or
in America at the time of the forming of
the Interchurch Movement, were of the
utmost value for comparative study.
There has recently been, as everyone
familiar with current religious develop-
ments in China knows, a sharp aligning
into conservative and liberal theological
camps, probably corresponding to what
has happened in several other countries
following the war. In China this has
been almost wholly an imported matter,
that is, the lead in the controversy, in so
far as there has been one, has been taken
by the missionaries. There was great
fear lest it should cause an open break in
the Conference. It was a rebuke to that
fear, and an averting of what would have
been a terrible blot on Christian history
in the Orient, that this did not happen.
Pleas were ma.de from the platform,
chiefly by Mr. D. M. Hoste, of the China
Inland Mission and by Miss Ruth Paxson,
for the inclusion in the constitution of the
new Council of a statement affirming
belief in “the deity of Christ, in salvation
by His atonement, and in the authority
and trustworthiness of the whole Bible.”
After hours of discussion, the Business
Committee proposed the following state-
ment to meet this situation :
“A proposal has been made to the
Conference that a doctrinal statement
expressing fundamental Christian beliefs
should be embodied in the resolution ap-
pointing a National Christian Council.
“We the members of the Conference
joyfully confess our faith in, and renew
our allegiance to, Cod the Father
Almighty, Jesus Christ, His Son, our
Lord and Saviour, Who loved us and
gave Himself for our sins, and the Holy
Spirit, the Lord and Giver of life ; and
acknowledge our loyalty to the Holy
Scriptures as the supreme guide of faith
and conduct, and to the fundamental
Christian beliefs held by the churches to
which we severally belong-. The Confer-
ence, however, is not constituted as a
church council with authority to pass
judgment upon questions of doctrine and
of church polity or to draw up a credal
or doctrinal statement of any kind.
“While the Conference believes it to
be a matter of vital importance that the
Church of Christ in China should be
established on a basis of true faith and
sound doctrine, it recognises that the
authority to determine what are the essen-
tial affirmations of the Christian faith lies
with the several churches of which those
attending this Conference are members.
Any National Christian Council which
may be appointed by this Conference will
not in any sense be a church council, anti
therefore not competent to exercise eccle-
siastical functions.
“ It will be an advisory body which will
seek to carry forward the work of this
Conference and to bring the representa-
tives of the different churches and mis-
sions in China together, in order that
they may mutually enrich one another
through common counsel, and will take
action in matters of common interest only
when it has reason to believe that the
action taken will be in accordance with
the wishes of the co-operating- bodies.”
Granting the utter impossibility of
standardized thinking for so great a body
of people, and the intensity of varying
convictions on the part of different
groups, yet, one felt the healing presence
of the wings of God as the great audience
rose in a song of spontaneous praise
after the unanimous passing ment. Thus the Chinese Church is to be
left free to- work out its own interpreta-
tion of Christianity. This decision
seemed to work the miracle of har-
monizing all groups and deepening the
religious tone of the whole Conference.
(To T>e concluded.)
-5-
Sweeter than any song
My songs that found no tongue ;
Nobler than any fact,
My wish that failed of act.
Others shall sing the song,
Others shall right the wrong-—-
Finish what I begin,
And all I fain to win.
What matter I or they ?
Mine or another’s day,
So the right word be said,
And life the sweeter made ?
Whittier.
9


A Chinese
Emperor’s Throne.
The Victoria and Albert Museum has
acquired, by gift, what may perhaps
justly be described as the most important
example of Chinese furniture yet seen in
this country, the throne of the Emperor
Ch’ien Lung.
The Museum was given option of pur-
chase on exceptionally favourable terms,
but its resources were quite unequal to
so large an undertaking ; and the nation
owes this acquisition to the generosity of
a private donor, Mr. George Swift, who
provided the whole of the sum required.
The throne was one of a pair, formerly
in the Palace of Nan-Haidze, near Peking,
and its companion is believed to 'be now
in the possession of the President of the
Chinese Republic. It was made in the
Imperial lacquer factory maintained by
Ch’ien Lung for his personal use. With
the exception of the seat, which is of fine
flat red lacquer with floral decoration, it
is executed throughout in carved lacquer
of superb quality and workmanship,
mainly red, but with layers also of green
in two shades, brown, and yellow. The
decoration is symbolical throughout of
Good Fortune, Longevity, Married Fe-
licity, and other matters of good omen,
the centre panel of the back having, for
its chief feature, the elephant bearing a
vase of jewels—a rebus signifying “Peace
reigns in the North.” The throne is
3 ft. 11 in. in height, 4 ft. 1J in. in width,
and 3 ft. in depth ; and the seat is still
furnished with its original cushion of fine
old brocade. It is now exhibited in
Room 41 of the Museum.
From “The Times,” by permission.
[Photo from Victoria and Albert Museum.
10
An Emperor’s Throne.


Facing the East
for the Fourth Time.
Rev.
C. E. HICKS.
THE title is the Editor’s, who asked
me to write. Without doubt one
has some thoughts on such an
occasion, but it is perhaps best to keep
them entirely to oneself, and to do so
would be more satisfactory than to write
them, just as to go back quietly to the
work of the past twenty-five years would
be more pleasing than to be set forward
with numerous farewells. 1 am glad,
•however, to have this opportunity of ex-
pressing my appreciation of all that our
people are doing to make it possible to
carry out the glorious work of commend-
ing Christ to the peoples who do not yet
know Him. I return to China confident
that our people are loyal to the duty of
evangelizing the world. In every Church
there seems to be a band of men and
women, young and old, who have this
great work at heart. There is still much
to be done, however, and a definite
attempt should be made to enlist every
church member in this great enterprise.
If I may make a suggestion, it is that
more Missionary Study Circles should be
formed so that it should be realized that
our missionary effort is not merely an
appendage of our denominational organi-
zation but a vital part of a movement with
great international significance.
It is good to note that cultured young
men and women are offering to our Com-
mittee for service. No higher consecra-
tion is possible, and none is more fruitful
of peace and satisfaction, than the endeav-
our to commend Jesus Christ to the world
by a life of gentle deeds prompted by
energetic love. 1 regard these offers of
service as challenges to our Church to
greatly increase our income—surely it
could be doubled—so that no offer need
be rejected or delayed. All our fields are
understaffed, but with mv face toward
S.W. China once more, I think of our
great needs and long that our staff might
be doubled at least. What a responsi-
bility for training the thousands of our
nominallv Christian Chinese, Nosu, Kopu
and Miao boys and girls in the
privileges of Christian citizenship rests
upon us, to say nothing of further
evangelization.
After 27 years’ service one naturally
looks back to the year 1895, when he
began this venture. “ A young man of
an English Southern County, and with
very little experience of any other part of
the world,” was the description of myself
given by Mrs. Isabella Bird Bishop, with
whom I travelled up the great river
Yangtsz in January, 1896. It was a true
description., and well I remember sitting
in the saloon of the s.s. “ Peshawur ” as
she drew near to Hong-Kong, and brood-
ing over the closing year, and thinking of
the future that awaited me in the strange
land I was about to enter. A kind friend
had given me a Bible the night before I
left England, and under his inscription of
good wishes he had written Psalm 91. I
opened and read, and the words began to
live, and especially the phrase, “ It shall
not come nigh thee,” seemed to burn itself
into the mind. During many painful and
fearful and lonely experiences since, those
words have been strength and support. I
would humbly and gratefully testify to
the good hand of my God upon me .during
all the past.
During these nearly thirty years
one has seen the Church in China
grow from tiny groups of despised and
Rev C. E Hicks.
West China, 1895---
11


China for the Third Time
hated men and women who were supposed
to have betrayed their own country by
attaching themselves to the alien from the
West, to a community with recognized
standing in the country as a force making
for personal integrity and national
righteousness.
It is to serve this Church that I return
to China recognizing that the day has
come when the missionary must obscure
himself that the glory of God may be more
truly revealed through that new member
of the mystic Body of Christ which is
being formed in the Far East.
China for the Third Time. w' TREMBERTH.
ESUS said unto him the third time,
“Lovest thou me? ”
Peter said, ‘' Lord, Thou knowest
all things, Thou knowest that I love
Thee.”
Jesus saith unto him,“ Feed My sheep.”
Mine is the great privilege, at the call
of the Master, to be facing China now for
the third time. One scarcely expected
such a development, at my time of life,
but I am not surprised. The need is very
pressing, and mv experience and know-
ledge of the language enable me to take
up full work at once. Then the way has
been made so clear, difficulties have been
brushed away as dust of the balance. One
is left in no doubt that there is some little
service I can give to the missions for the
Rev. W Tremberth.
West China, 1890-1906. Ningpo 1922—
next few years, while younger men are
preparing themselves for heroic tasks.
Who that was present at the Conference
is likely to forget the distressing signals
from China. I really shouldn’t have heard
them ; my colleague, not I, was the dele-
gate from my circuit. At the last moment
it was found that he could not attend, so
as alternative I stepped in. I have always
in my ministry lived in or within call of
China. When therefore colleagues and
Committee conspired to make a direct
appeal to me to fill an emergency at
Ningpo, I proved easy quarry. The voice
of those heavily-burdened men was to me
the voice of God. Mrs. Tremberth is also
a missionary, and with little persuasion is
ever ready to serve the cause dear to us
both. When I told her in a Spartan tele-
gram the need and asked if I could be
spared, she wired, “Yes, all will be well.”
There was wonderful facility in it! Was
it quite so easy as it looks? I had en-
gaged to serve the Hill Street Circuit,
Newport, and was anticipating fellowship
with those rare souls with the utmost joy.
A dozen men, however, could be found
willing to fill such a sphere, but there was
not one for Ningpo who could fill the gap.
I felt, therefore, that I must surrender the
easy and congenial for the harder and
more strenuous task. It was good of the
Hill Street friends to appraise the situa-
tion and agree to let me go.
Going to Ningpo is a pleasurable antici-
pation ; it is to me a new field ; I know
Yun-nan. It is about 150 miles from
Shanghai, one of the oldest cities of China,
the foundation going back to the year
2205 b.c. It is associated with the Great
Yu, the Chinese Noah ; the present city
was built in 713 a.d. Here the C.I.M.
had its first home, and it was the first
love (in China) of the Methodist Free
Churches. Mighty men have laboured
12


A Translator’s Joy.
here, Frederick Galpin and Robert Swal-
low, and many others ; 1 shall enter into
their labours. The programme is “ Evan-
gelistic, educational, literary and church
organization.” The Missionary Report
gives 46 chapels, 85 native preachers,
1,673 adult members, 316 juniors, 89 on
trial. There is also our far-famed Col-
lege under Principal Redfern and Mr.
Bates, and the Hospital in charge of Dr.
C. P. Yang.
There is a specific thrill in returning to
China in this year of grace marked by the
■epoch-making event—the establishing of
the Christian Church of China. This is a
marvellous result of just over a century of
reformed missionary work in the land.
The new consciousness of a separate
â– entity is bound to react with salutary effect
upon the Christians. It cannot mean for
years to come a withdrawal of foreign
friends and workers ; the need will be
■even greater—but it will mean the begin-
ning of a new effort towards complete
self-support and a better-qualified Chinese
ministry. China is a huge country, and
it is still true that there remains very
much land to be possessed. In 1914, there
were 552 occupied and organized centres
of work, i.e., in the Provinces and Depen-
dencies, whereas China has 1,300 coun-
ties, each with its great central city, and
populous townships and villages ad lib.
The outstations numbered approximately
6,000. Teeming millions of population
must still be left without a missionary in
their midst. May this appalling need lie
upon all our hearts ! China calls for men
of first-class gifts and culture to focus
Christian enterprise upon conspicuous
avenues of influence. The student class,
for example, offer a field ripe for harvest.
The opportunity which the great crisis
affords is a Day of the Lord. But it will
necessarily wear towards evening like
all days ; they come to pass away. Life
does not wait. To those of us who
really feel the clamant call of the times
I hear the Master saying, "If thy heart
is as My heart then give! Me thy hand.”


A Translator’s
Joy.
Mr. Worthington has reduced the
speech of the Wameru to written form,
and his translation, of St. Mark’s Gospel
in Meru has been printed by the Bible
Society and sent to Kenya Colony.—Ed.
J COUNT it one of the most joyous
experiences that can come to a man
to have been privileged to translate
a portion of the New Testament into a
new tongue. It is a little difficult for
me to realize now that this experience is
the crown of a long, romantic, and some-
times arduous course, whereby I gained
sufficient familiarity with the language to
carry out the translation. Trying to recall
some of my own earlier impressions, now
nearly obliterated, I find myself to-day
much amused to remember how one
native called Ntorinjuni was nick-named
"Tommy Jimmy ” on account of the diffi-
culty of pronunciation ; and how the name
of Ntoinoti actually reduced me to
despair, and its owner had to be dubbed
S-miler,” as indicating a fine set of teeth,
Rev.
R. T. WORTHINGTON.
constantly in evidence. These names have
stuck, and are generally preferred to the
native names by their possessors, at any
rate in intercourse with myself; though the
old halting expressions and the old almost
painful listening, trying to catch the pur-
port of words by the recognition of one
here and there, are over.
To be dumped down in the middle of
nowhere, far from white society, with very
little money, and without knowing a word
of the spoken tongue, is something which
cannot happen very often in this world of
ours ; yet, when it is over, one cannot be
too thankful for the experience. You do
get into touch with native life by these
means, because you must. And before
long it does become important to know
how to stretch out your “njara” (hands)
to take a “ nkara ” (egg) ; and to beware
of ''nkari” (leopards) ; also to know the
difference between “ iria” and “ iria” and
“ iria ”—which may, in pure accent mean
milk or a lake or a pronoun. Groping
your way among these mazes is better
13


A Translator’s Joy
appreciated after the event, when you have
arrived and are counting your treasures.
For example, I never knew the Lord’s
Prayer was so entirely beautiful before. I
had heard it and used it thousands of
times in England, not merely formally. I
had preached from it, and uttered it to
little children and to the dying : and yet
it taught me much-—even more than ever
—when I translated it into the Meru
speech. There was much, alike in its form
and its idea, that was utterly strange to
my people ; and yet when I had finished
the translation I thought I had never
heard anything half so sweet. I have seen
wonder, then incredulity, then amusement,
then longing", and finally a sort of
triumphant joy chase each other across
black faces as they have prayed this
prayer. And the prayer that Jesus taught
has become unspeakably more precious
than before.
Leaving this monument standing, it be-
came a passion with me to give my people
the Gospel in their own tongue, when as
yet they could read no tongue at all. But
I had a long road to travel before I could
make a real beginning. 1 set out to pre-
Philip Ntjinoti, (Smiler.) One of my
chief helpers in the transl tion.—R.T.W.
[G. &F. B. Society
pare myself by doing other translation
work, while gaining in the daily duties of
the Mission ever greater familiarity with
both the grammar and idiom of the
language. In this way my people were
given a catechism and a small collection
of hymns, before I started on the Gospel
itself. Meanwhile, the Mission itself had
grown so1 much that I, having to cope with
it single-handed, could spare but little
time for anything else. But the little 1
could spare, I did ; and mainly on Sunday
afternoons, while the Sunday School was
in. session, I prepared the first draft of
St. Mark’s Gospel. That I received much
help from the people themselves goes with-
out saying. But the time was so scanty
and the difficulties were so many that pro-
gress was extremely slow. I think that
first draft took eighteen months to com-
plete, some days yielding asi little as only
a couple of verses, and some not even so-
much. But those days were thickly
sprinkled with triumphs ; and is there
any triumph quite like that of finding or
adapting or coining a word in an out-
landish tongue, to be the expression of
some phase of the hitherto unheard-of love
of God? Not in every case at first per-
fect for their work, yet through usage
gaining what they lack, .such words will
come to enrich the lives of these people.
Then came the great days of revision,,
with their long arguments as to whether
this word or that was more suitable to-
convey thei thought of the Gospel. Those
days also had a quality of their own,
given by the feeling" that a more intimate-
knowledge of the Good News was being
thus both gained and given. And can
you enter into my feeling about this, that
here were black people, only recently
pagan, engaged in loving" discussion of
the Word, which of all we had brought
them was most precious ? How tenderlyr
how diligently, they sought the right
term, until the work was complete ! And
what thrills, as new meanings emerged !
All this time we had been working,
more or less, in the dark as to the great
matter of publication, So another joy
awaited us when Mr. Roome, the agent
of the Bible Society, came out to see us
and soon dispelled our remaining doubts
on this score by telling us that the Society
would see to it. And so there reached
us on the northern slopes of Mount
14


The Value of Medical Missions
Kenya some of the gladness which that
great organization is spreading over the
whole world.
We almost feared to trust our precious
manuscript to the post : it had come to
mean so much to us. Many a time our
anxious thought turned toward it, before
the proofs at length arrived at the Mis-
sion to be read and corrected. During
this interval, much encouraged, I had
turned to another Gospel, with the result
that St. John’s Gospel now awaits its
turn for publication. But I shall never
forget the sensation when first we saw
our work in print. The joy was shared
by white men and black men alike, and
vet probably it was greater to the black
men, into whose lives was coming some-
thing great and new and wonderful.
Their joy was almost inarticulate, yet it
shone from eyes and faces with unforget-
table radiance. For these people know
the power of the Gospel, though they
have learned it through the medium of
other tongues : and thev have visions of
what it will achieve for their people.
It did not fall to my lot to be present
when the published edition of St. Mark
in Meru reached its readers. For mission-
aries must come home on furlough : they
have a message for God’s people, even
in England. It was a keen disappoint-
ment—the first which this work has
brought me—and yet I have entered into
that joy also. While I am writing a
letter is brought to me, telling of the
joy that is in the land of Meru, and with
them I rejoice and will rejoice. My people
have the Gospel. God be praised !
Bv permission from “ The Bible in the
'World.”
Kings.
Keep not a tank, but ocean, for thy
heart.
Claim jealous part
In all. thv brother’s woes,
And wash thv heart
In every tear that flows.
Only bv sympathy the spirit knows
Deep things : and grows
Strong and celestial wings
Tho’ crowned with thorns ! God make
thee one of those :
There are no other kings.
Frederick Langbridge (The late).
The Value of Medical
Missions.
THE following are some ways in
which Medical Missions attest their
missionary value, and exhibit their
striking influence in the extension of the
Christian faith.
I. Evangelistic.
(a) As a Pioneer Agency :
1. By overcoming hostility and pre-
judice.
2. By destroying superstition.
(b) As a Direct Spiritual Agency :
1. By procuring a wide diffusion of
the Gospel message.
2. By exhibiting an object-lesson of
the Gospel.
3. By securing- time for repeated pre-
sentations of the Gospel both by
lip and life.
II. Social.
As a Christian Social Agency :
1. By weakening- such systems as
caste and child marriage.
2. By acting as centres for public
health reforms.
3. By imparting- a new standard to
human life, especially that of
womanhood.
III. Educational.
(a) As a Christian Educational Agency :
1. By supplying scientific medical
knowledge.
2. By training native medical stu-
dents, and raising up native
medical missionaries.
(b) As a Christian Philanthropic
Agency :
By training the Native Christian
Church in true Christian philan-
thropy.
IV. Economic.
As a Missionary Health Agency :
1. By diffusing a proper knowledge
of the preservation of health
amongst the missionary staff.
2. By treating sick members of the
staff.
3. By guiding the health administra-
tion of missionary societies.
From “The Appeal of Medical Missions,”'
by R. Fletcher Moorshead, M.D.
15


Mrs. A. TRUSCOTT WOOD.
Our President: Mrs. Rounsefeil.
An Appreciation. Mrs. Shires.
HE W.M.A. is again fortunate
in its choice of President. Mrs.
Rounsefeil is one who early
.associated herself with all depart-
ments of church work, rendering magni-
•cent service in the Sunday School and
in the Christian Endeavour movement.
Her interest in missions commenced
in her girlhood days, and her close con-
nection with the old Bible Christian W.M.
League is well remembered, by those with
whom she worked. But it is in her work
for the W.M.A. after her husband’s ap-
pointment to the Hanover Church, Hali-
fax, that she is best known. Her deep
love-for and interest in all mission work
soon made itself felt. Attending the
District meetings as a representative one
realized she had a close grip of the work.
Eull of suggestions, a splendid or-
ganizer, sympathetic, loving, wide in out-
look, she was bound to “Go Forward.”
As a speaker she was most popular. Her
services were in great demand throughout
the District, an.d at great personal
sacrifice she was ever ready to spend and
be spent in the Master’s service.
Sent as a representative to the Council
meetings, it was at the first meeting she
was elected as a co-opted member, and
within four years she has the high
honour of not only being elected Presi-
dent, but President-Designate for 1924.
That God may bless her in the work
for which she is so well fitted is the wish
of every member of the W.M.A.
Our President’s Message for 1923.
There is in the grounds of Nottingham
Castle the figure of a young airman. He
is only young, but the poise, the tense
earnestness of the face, and the eyes
strained to the skies, always seeking,
denote the intensity of life and of life’s
demands, and the response of the soul.
The dawning of 1923 presents to us the
same demand. Life is intense, life’s
demands are enormous,' and the soul
sometimes shrinks in its response. God
is calling us, our own land calls us, all
lands call. Away there in Africa and
China they cry the cry of ages, “Come
over and help us ! ” Here, they who
hear, and stand waiting—“Here am I,
Lord, send me.” And God, over all—to
us—“Send them forth in My Name.”
For many years the prayer ascended
from an anxious church to a longing
God. Open doors, raise up those who
will go for us. The answer came. Doors
have been widely flung. Opportunities
glorious, and terrible in their glory, have
come ; doctors, nurses, teachers, evan-
gelists, anxious to go, are rising in our
midst, and God looks down wistfully at
Mrs. O. P, Rounsefeil.


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
us, and waits for us to help Him answer
our own prayers.
Shall this be a great year of sending?
As our Deputation—of whose devotion
and sacrifice in order that we may learn,
we are proud—unfold to us the needs of
our Missions, and suggest plans to meet
them, shall we, women of our beloved
church, let our lives denote the response
of our souls to this Divine demand, and
make the coming of the Kingdom of our
God to earth, a grand possibility, realized ?
Yours lovingly,
Laura Rounsefell.
Greetings from our Vice-
Presidents.
Mrs. Ward, Sheffield.
I have been asked as a Vice-President
to write a message for the members of
the W.M.A. My word to you is : Those
who endeavour to bring sunshine into the
lives of others cannot keep it from them-
selves. It matters not how little our
basket contains, or how great the multi-
tude to be fed, if we only place it in the
hands of Christ.
As we enter upon 1923 may we as
women workers set our standard high,
for no nation can rise above the level of
its women.
Mrs. J. Maclaurin, Sharrow, Sheffield.
I would like to send a New Year greet-
ing to all W.M.A. workers throughout
our beloved Denomination, and to con-
gratulate them on the splendid work done
during the past year.
May 1923 be filled with loving service
by every member in, every branch, count-
ing it a privilege to help to bring about
“His Kingdom” amongst our sisters
who dwell in darkness.”
Miss E. O. Johnson, B.A., Bideford.
Please accept my cordial greetings for
the New Year. We have a great task
before us in 1923—let us “ask in faith,
nothing wavering,” and “The Lord will
fulfil all our petitions.’ ”
Miss Fanny Ashworth, Rochdale,
When asked to give you a message, I
waited some .days for the message to come
to me. It came in these words : “ Do you
hear your Leader calling? Do you, fel-
low members of the W.M.A.? A
minister said the other Sunday: “If
only the young men could be led to see
Jesus as He really is, they would fight
as bravely for Him as they had fought for
their country.” And I feel, if we could
realize how he is yearning and longing
for the whole world to have the Gospel,
we should be more eager in our endeav-
ours to send it everywhere.
Our Leader needs us. The most won-
derful Leader the world has ever had, He
has never lacked followers, but sometimes
we get slack ; we follow at a distance.
The New Year comes ; and we look
into these things. Do let us be faithful
with ourselves, and if we are conscious
of shortcomings, let us make high re-
solves, and, relying upon our Leader,
greater things shall be done for the uplift
of the people and the glory of God.
Nurse Jennings.
We are very sorry to learn from Miss
Taylor’s letter that Nurse Jennings has
been ill for some time, and that after
hospital treatment, a change to England
was deemed advisable. It was a happy
thing that she was able to return with
the Deputation by the “Modasa.”
As we are still without a doctor at
Meru, Nurse Jenning’s absence is serious
for our hospital work there, and we fear
the educational work will also suffer, for
Miss Taylor cannot remain there alone.
She has moved down to Rib6, and for the
present will help in the school and church
work there.
Let us lift our hearts to God each day
that our friend may soon be restored to
health, and others stirred to help, so that
this new work, undertaken with such zeal
and hope, may be well maintained.
A Visit to Si Fang Ching.
By Miss Barwick, Yunnan.
Commencing our journey at 8 a.m., we
passed through some of the prettiest
country it has yet been my pleasure to see.
The sun shone gloriously, while a refresh-
ing breeze made travelling very pleasant.
Mile after mile we traversed, as morning
changed to afternoon, and afternoon to
evening. Far ahead I saw the little white
school-house where we were to pass the
night. The chairmen moved slowly now,
17


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
for they were very tired. I felt glad when
we had actually reached our stopping
place. Here I made the acquaintance of
Mr. An, with his small class of boys. We
talked together until Dr. Bolton arrived,
and then, until the last glimmer of light
had disappeared, Doctor joined them in
games of leap-frog, tug-o’-war, and toss-
ball.
It was dark when Miss Squire arrived,
mid about half an hour after Shuang Mei
trudged wearily in. She had had to walk
the last fifteen li, as her chairmen were
opium smokers, and, the effect of the drug
having worn off, they were too weak to
proceed.
We waited another hour for our bed-
ding (mine had arrived) and our food
boxes, but the passing time showed no
sign of either. There was no food to be
procured from any of the neighbouring
houses, so we laughingly dined off a
melon, which we had fortunately brought
with us, then we set ourselves the task of
making' three beds with one lot of bed-
ding. That night we tossed on the hard
boards, while the mosquitos worried us,
and we waited for morning.
With the morning came our food boxes
and the missing bedding. One carrier
had spent the night on the hills, having
lost his way, others had remained at a
place twenty li back.
The rain now came down in torrents,
but we had to be off through the mire
and slush, and the road to Si Fang Ching
can neither be imagined nor described
when rain comes. Some places it was
quite impossible for the men to carry an
occupied chair, and here we had to get
out and slide down the clayey slopes of
the hills, the men doing their best to help
us keep our feet. Presently, the sun
came out, and as we stood upon the sum-
mit of a high hill, we gazed upon the
dazzling beauty of everything around us.
The hills, the grand old hills, stretched
before us in never-ending line. Far, far
below us, in a deep valley, a mass of
fleecy clouds floated, looking so much like
a lot of downy pillows, that I could
imagine the tired ones of the earth, when
their tasks are done, resting' their heads
thereon, reposefully content. As the sun
played upon the hills, the atmospheric
vapour lifted, and hundreds of feet above
us, we could see the white buildings of
our mission. We resumed our journev,
and soon reached a little wayside house,
where we met Mr. Wang, B.A. (the
flaming apostle of the Nosu, as he is so
often called). A few li further, the school
boys were lined up, and greeted us with
the usual bow, as we passed, then, they
followed our chairs and sang as we neared
our destination. Once we passed through
a beautiful fern-clad lane, rich with moss
and lovely flowers. It was so much like
a lane in Devon, that the passing was
doubly sweet. And now we were actually
at Si Fang Ching, so, with eager anticipa-
tions for the week ahead, we said “Good-
Dr. Bolton, Miss Squire, and Miss Shuang Mei Li outside
the dispensary door at Si Fang Ching. [M/ss Barwick.
•18


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
might,” and prepared ourselves for a rest.
Sunday dawned, and soon we went
down to the little chapel to hear Mr. Nieh,
B.A., address the people. His subject
was “ Christ in the home of Mary and
Martha at Bethany.” “ It was not often,”
he said, “that Christ had an opportunity
to visit the sisters, but when he found
â– one He wanted to talk to them of the
things that mattered, to impart to them
the truths which He had gathered from
His Father. Mary, loving Him, under-
stood this, and was eager to listen to the
words of the Master. Martha was con-
cerned only with the customs of the
country. An honoured Guest had entered
their home ; she made haste to prepare
choice dishes for Him. They demanded
much time and labour, it was fitting- that
her sister should help her. It was with
â– some bitterness, therefore, that she ap-
proached Jesus, and questioned, ‘ Dost
Thou not care that my sister hath left me
to serve alone? ’ The answer of Jesus,”
■said Mr. Nieh, “was a rebuke we would
do well to remember. The women must
think of this during the coming week,
when Miss Squire would conduct the Bible
School ; her sole reason for visiting them
was to pass on to them the truths which
â– she had herself received. Would they
make a big effort to attend? ”
The school was very successful, both in
Interest and in numbers. One hundred and
fifty-four women were enrolled, and day
after day they listened to their teacher
with great attention, as she spoke on the
Parables of St. Luke, and endeavoured to
make their meaning clear. Circumstances
in the every-day life of the women were
often recalled to emphasize and illustrate
a point. Linking the parables thus with
familiar things, their interest was deep-
ened and their enthusiasm increased. It
warmed one’s heart to look upon that
gathering. Many of the women had
come two or three days’ journey for the
purpose of attending the school, and some
had brought their babies. One old lady,
of seventy-five years, had ridden a horse
eighty li, determined, even at her age, not
to miss the school.
Shuang Mei added much to the success
of this week by her invaluable help to Dr.
Bolton in the dispensary, who was kept
very busy. Her lectures on Hygiene
were also much enjoyed, and her happy
disposition and general cheerfulness won
many hearts.
Two evenings we gave them a magic-
lantern show. Dr. Bolton manipulated
the lantern, while Shuang- Mei explained
the pictures. We had invited the school
boys to this performance, so the building
was crowded. The behaviour would have
contrasted very favourably with a like
show in England, for most of the time
one could have heard a pin drop. The
gramophone was also a great attraction,
but when an English song- suggested the
happy thought to Mr. Wang, that we
should sing- it to them and a request was
A portion of the Women’s Bible
School at Si Fang Ching
[xUtss Barwick.
19


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
made accordingly, I wished we had stuck
to the band pieces, because Shuang Mei
immediately announced that I would
oblige them with the song. As I don’t
happen to sing, it was an awful ordeal to
face the clapping crowd and get through
a song about the “Homeland ” unaccom-
panied. However, when it was over, I
contented myself with the thought that I
was probably feeling worse than anyone
else about it
The school boys gave us an entertain-
ment one evening. I think, the play that
interested me most was “The Prodigal
Son.” I have heard and seen many ver-
sions of this wonderful story, but never
anything to 'equal that given by the Nosu
boys. The scene opened upon the father,
pacing up and down the living room, in
which stood a table and two chairs. While
he walked he smoked a long pipe measur-
ing about two feet. In his hand he car-
ried a fly whisk, and occasionally slashed
at one of the offending marauders. It was
in this mood that the younger son found
him when he came to ask for the portion
of goods that fell to him. Evidently the
flies were still in the old man’s mind, for
he delivered his younger son a sounding-
box on the ears. He then called an
attendant, requesting him to bring his
possessions. The sum of three dollars
was then placed upon the table, and the
father carefully counted out one and a half
dollars and gave to each of his sons, the
elder having come in during- the operation.
The next scene showed three tiny school
boys drinking at a trough, and the appear-
ance of the prodigal, who quickly followed
their example.
Once again we were taken to the house
of the father, and saw him still smoking
his long pipe and waving his fly whisk.
The prodigal then entered, and for a few
minutes, father and son stared at each
othen, then, while the father greeted the
son, a request for a new robe was given,
and the attendant, who had been holding
the gown long before the son had made
his appearance, threw it over the prodi-
gal’s shoulders, who put it on quite un-
concernedly, then left the room, as the
father continued to smoke, and await the
coming of the elder son. He came, and
then followed a whispered conversation,
in which, I concluded, the elder son put
forth his claims. The father patted him
on the shoulder, which action finished the
play. The most amusing part was the-
stolid, immovable expression on the faces
of the actors. I like the Nosu people very
much : they are a tribe from which we
may expect great things. Possessed of
an independent calibre, they show them-
selves capable of self-government. Their
friendship, perhaps, is not easily -won, but
when once given, it would not quickly be-
taken away. We were sorry to leave
them, when the week was over, but work
was awaiting us in the city.
A little company of women gathered to
see us off. They expressed their appre-
ciation of the meetings with the parting
words, “Come again next year.” For a
few li the school-boys walked, heading the
procession with waving flags. As we said
“Good-bye ” they commenced a farewell
song, and so we started our homeward
journey with music in the air.
Yours very happily,
A. A. L. Barwick.
Discipleship.
“ These are they which follow the Lamb
whithersoever He goeth.”
I thought it hard that Christ should ask
of me
To walk through life along a blood-
marked way :
And thus it was, I shrank back,
tremblingly,
Then paused, and bowed my head, ancf
said Him “Nay ! ”
But looking down I saw, with tear-
dimmed eyes,
That all the blood-marks came from
pierc&d feet,
At which I learned with sad yet glad sur-
prise,
That they were proofs of love, endur-
ing, sweet :
’Twas thus again, I looked on Christ’s
dear face,
And once again, began to follow on.
Since then I’ve only thought of His great
grace,
And fear of blood-marked ways is
wholly gone.
H. W. Frost.
The Missionary Review of the World-
20




Chapel Opening in the
Village of “ Plums.”
Rev. W. H. HUDSPETH, B.A.
HY the place was called “ Plum
village” I couldn’t discover.
There were no signs of either
plums or plum trees. Somebody sug-
gested that the headman of the district,
who was named Plum, had given his
name to the village, and this suggestion
is probably correct. Whatever may be
the origin of its name, Plum village is a
long stretch from here, entailing six days’
hard riding. It is one of the chief centres
in the Ch’uan Miao district. Hitherto I
had not visited the Ch’uan Miao, but a
little while ago an urgent invitation to
open a chapel took me there. Readers of
this paper will know that in Yunnan there
are numerous non-Chinese tribes which
form half the population of the province.
In addition to our work amongst the
Chinese we have chapels and schools
amongst Nosu, Ko-p’u and Miao. Of the
Stonegateway Miao, known to the Chi-
nese as Hwa Miao (Flowery Miao) United
Methodists know a great deal. But there
are other tribes of Miao which some day
we hope to reach. The Chinese say there
are seventy tribes of Miao but this is an
oriental exaggeration. In addition to the
“ Flowery Miao,” I myself have come into
contact with “Black Miao,” “ West-of-the-
water Miao,” and “Ch’uan,” or “ River ”
Miao. At the moment we are faced with
a large tribal movement amongst these
River Miao. Ten per cent of their
language is the same as Flowery Miao
ninety per cent is different,
though related. Before Mr. Parsons took
February, 1923.
his furlough* he translated a Gospel for
these people, and we are hoping to have
this in the hands of the River Miao at an
early date. This and a hymn book will
be the first books ever possessed by the
River Miao.
The first day of our journey was for-
midably hot, but the next day we had
* He returned to West China on October 13th —Ed.
Ch’uan (or River) Miao women.
(See chapel in background).
[Rev. W. H Hudspeth, B.A.


Chapel Opening in the Village of “ Plums ”
drenching rain. The horse-boy brought
my horse into the house where we were
staying, to saddle it. This is one of the
advantages of living in Yunnan. At home
no one would ever think of bringing a
horse into the house to be saddled,but here
mud houses are more accommodating.
The horse-boy well knows that no one
likes to ride a wet saddle. The kiddies of
the village where we had stayed didn’t
mind the rain. They accompanied us
four miles and g'ot wet through.
On the third day we had an escort, as
we had to pass over a lonely road where
recently there have been a number of un-
pleasant robberies. One thought of high-
waymen and footpads, of Robin Hood,
Dick Turpin, and Beau Brocade, but in
Yunnan highwaymen are not so sports-
manlike as the gentlemen of Sherwood
Forest appear to have been, and we don’t
like them. Legendary highwaymen are
more interesting than the real thing. A
story is told of a popular poet of the
ninth century being captured by brigands.
The chief knew him by name and called
for a sample of his art, whereupon these
lines were written, and they secured his
immediate release :
“The rainy mist sweeps gently
O’er the village by the stream,
When from the leafy forest glades
The brigand daggers gleam . . .
And yet there is no need for fear,
Nor step from out their way,
For more than half the world consists
Of bigger rogues than they.”
(Translation by Dr. Giles).
The new chapel
at Plum Village.
[Rev. W. H. Hudspeth, B.A.
22
We relied on the guns of our escort :
not on any possible poetical gifts.
At Plum village, where we arrived on
the sixth day, we were given a regal re-
ception. Guns were fired and crackers
exploded and a joyous chorus of “ch’ali-
lah, ch’ah-lah,” “thank-you, thank-you,”
came from a large crowd of people.
In many respects the River Miao are
quite different from the Flowery Miao.
The majority of the men and boys wear
the same style of clothing as is worn by
the Chinese. They speak the Chinese
language as though it were their mother
tongue ,and without close observation it is
difficult to distinguish them from Chinese.
This is not the case with the women.
They are different. In common with many
of the tribal people they wear an ultra-
modern short skirt, plaited and brocaded
with many different colours. Their feet
are natural, giving them a distinct advan-
tage over their Chinese sisters with their
hobble feet. They never wear stockings,
but many wear prettily-coloured puttees.
Some of the girls display low-necked
blouses and an exceedingly attractive
headgear which would attract attention on
a Paris boulevard. It is not a hat, it is
a most elaborate turban made of a cloth
several yards long. Unfortunately, the
weather was too dull to allow a photo-
graph to be taken. Hats are not the only
thing in which the River-Miao women and
girls are fashionable . . many of them
smoke. They smoke the pipe, not the
cigarette.
To our utter amazement
the chapel was not finished.
We had gone down to open
a new and, as we thought, a
complete chapel, but we
were to learn ag’ain that the
oriental is different from the
occidental mind. The frame-
work of the chapel was up
and the roof was finished,
but there were no signs of
any walls. It appeared that
the local mason, the only
mason in the neighbour-
hood, had demanded an
exorbitant price for his
labours, so the Miao decided
to leave the building of
the walls until after the


Prayer Union
gathering of the harvest, when labour
will be considerably cheaper. There are
post-war labour troubles in China as well
as in England.
The opening .services were thrilling.
They started with a seven a.m. prayer-
meeting, at which nearly a hundred people
were present. After breakfast Miao and
Chinese gathered from many villages, and
in this un-walled chapel old Methodist
hymns were sung with a fervour and sin-
cerity that would have gladdened the
hearts of the fathers of Methodism. The
way these children of the hills have
learned to sing our hymns and psalms is
most astonishing. Prayers were offered
by a number of deacons and three of us
preached. The first preacher was one of
our Flowery Miao workers, who has
studied River Miao, and now can preach
fluently in that language. James was the
second preacher. He and I, not having
studied River Miao, spoke in Chinese, and
never have we had a more attentive
audience. My pulpit was a table from
which we told as clearly as we could the
story of our Lord Jesus Christ, an.d ex-
plained what the church stands for. Some
of those listening heard the story for the
first time in their lives. I couldn’t but
wonder what their thoughts were. At the
close of the meetings we publicly thanked
the man who had given the land for the
chapel and the people who have given
gifts with which to build it. We all hope
that this church will be a great blessing
to the Miao of Plum village and district.
It is vitally needed. These people are
great opium smokers, gamblers and wine
bibbers. Many of their customs are
offensive. Polygamy is common. I
heard of one man who has seven wives.
He stays at home and smokes opium
while his wives work his farm !
We ask your prayers for these people
and for this neighbourhood.
In one day, from a district called Hsiao-
k’ong-pa, some twenty-six miles from
Plum village, there came representatives
from one hundred and seventy-five -families
â–  . . to ask if we would allow them to
join the church. The movement became
so general that some local Chinese officials
feared the Miao were planning another
rebellion. (Many years ago Miao rebel-
lions caused much bloodshed.) The dis-
trict mandarin has personally expressed
his wish to me that I request the Miao at
such a time as this to be punctilious lest
misunderstandings should arise. He
need have no fear. There is a revolution,
but it is not in politics . . . it is in
morals. Opium, wine, immorality and
gambling are being rejected . . good-
ness, love, purity and kindliness are
taking their place. And we believe that
this is the chief end of all missionary
work.
Prayer Union.
Withhold not good from them to whom it
is due, when it is in the power of thy hand
to do it.—Prov. 3 : 27.
Suffering which I dreaded,
Ignorant of its charms,
Laid the fair child “ Pity,”
Smiling in my arms.
—Adelaide A. Proctor.
Hymns :
Prayer is the soul’s sincere desire.
Revive Thy work, O Lord.
O God, who know’st how frail we are.
Feb. 4.—Meru, Kenya Colony. Rev.
B. J. Ratcliffe. P. 51 in Report and p.
13-15 January Echo. Isa. 33 : 2-10.
Feb. 11.—Ningpo College. Rev. W. P.
Bates, M.A., in charge. Pp. 29-32.
Ezek. 3 : 4-14.
Feb. 18.—Yunnan Fu. Rev. F. J.
Dymcnd. Pp. 42-44. Deut. 32 : 1-14.
Feb. 25.—Day of prayer for Students
throughout the world- See Mr. Hall’s
article, p. 28. Mai. 3 : 1-16.
“ Almighty and most merciful God, we
most humbly praise and bless Thy Name for
Thy many blessings bestowed upon the
World’s Student Christian Federation. We
pray Thee still to bless and prosper its work,
and graciously to use it for the fulfilment of
Thy purposes in the establishment of peace
among all nations, the restoration of visible
unity to Thy Church, the removal of all
social injustice, and the evangelization of the
whole world.
Give wisdom, faith, and courage to all
who direct the policy of the Federation ;
keep in health and safety those who work
and travel for it ; and grant that by its
means the students in all lands may be
brought into relations of love and sympathy
with one another, and may earncsily and
wisely unite in Thy service, through Jesus
Christ our Lord.” Amen.
23


From the
Mission House.
Imploring Let us face the facts.
Facts. Let us face them with the
spirit of courage and
determination which converts difficulties
into triumphs.
Fact number one. The expenditure in
connection with our foreign missions last
year exceeded the income by £3,000 with-
out any special expenditure to account for
it. The expenditure this year will not be
less than it was last year. Consequently,
with only the same income as last year,
£3,000 will be added to the debt of £3,639
with which last year closed, and make
the debt at the end of this financial year
mount to £6,639. Such a debt will
seriously embarrass all our missionary
operations. We cannot contemplate it
without the gravest concern. Our wisest
course is to determine beforehand that it
shall not come to pass. We urge upon
all our churches the necessity for some
extra effort in aid of our foreign missions
to avert the impending debt. To accom-
plish this, we require £40,000, an increase
of .20 per cent on the income of last year.
The new bell at Meru, with
Chiogi the bell-boy.
The former presented by Mr. Snowball, of Hexham.
See pp. 42-44. 1922.
Rev.
C. STEDEFORD.
This result achieved would thrill our
church with new life and missionary zeal.
Fact number two. According to the
report of the Deputation, an increase of
14 missionaries, 7 men and 7 women, is
required to provide the minimum staff
necessary to maintain all our mission dis-
tricts with any degree of efficiency. These
additional missionaries will involve further
expenditure approximating to £3,000 per
annum. Therefore we need a regular
income of not less than £40,000 to
maintain the minimum staff required.
Fact number three. Suitable volunteers
have offered for this service. A great
appeal was made to ministers to volun-
teer for service abroad in order to relieve
some of the missionaries from the severe
pressure which too often ends in break-
down. Ministers and ministerial candi-
dates, doctors, educationists, nurses and
women evangelists are on our list pre-
paring', or already prepared, for service.
The staff needed is available. But the
Committee cannot send out these new
workers without incurring the additional
£3,000 annual expenditure. Are they to
go1, or not? That most important ques-
tion will be answered by our churches in
the missionary income for the year.
Fact number four. Over against the
Impressive appeals from our friends for
more workers and more money stands the
fact that the contributions of only a few
of our circuits average as much as 5s. per
member per annum for foreign missions.
Some circuits fall even below 2s. per mem-
ber per annum. Most members would be
astonished to observe how little they con-
tribute toward the fulfilment of our Lord’s
supreme command to preach the Gospel to
every creature compared with the amount
they spend on superfluous trivialities and
personal indulgence. Yet some day every
one of us must give an account of his
stewardship.
These imploring facts should make their
own appeal. If all our ministers and mem-
bers will co-operate there is time before
the end of this financial year to change the
missionary outlook of our church, to dispel
all idea of retrenchment, to augment our
missionary force and to hearten every
toiler in the field.
24


From the Mission House
Travel by The great regret of the
Picture. Deputation recently re-
turned from our missions
in China and East Africa is that all o-ur
people cannot see what they have seen,
and be stirred, as they have been, by wit-
nessing the fruit of missionary labour,
as well as the appalling need amid which
missions are like streams in the desert.
We could multiply the channels through
which the stream of life would flow if we
could multiply our agencies. The best
substitute for actually visiting our mis-
sion fields is to' travel there by picture.
Provision for doing soi is supplied by one
member of the Deputation, Mr. T. Butler,
who in all our travels kept constantly
before him the purpose of bringing home
as many scenes as possible for the in-
terest and education, of our churches.
Long before kodaks and films were in-
vented, Mr. Butler was an enthusiastic
amateur photographer, and perhaps un-
known to himself he was graduating, for
the important service he has rendered in
illustrating the Deputation’s great mis-
sionary tour. He has brought home
more than a thousand pictures, and all
who have seen them declare that the pic-
tures are superb. He has grouped them
into lectures illustrating each of our Dis-
tricts and the various phases of our work
abroad. He has enlisted the services of
a missionary in each of our foreign Dis-
tricts to write the lecture and expound
the pictures. With these lectures he has
completely replenished our Lantern Lec-
ture Bureau, of which Rev. W. Bain-
bridge, 19 Nether Green Road, Sheffield,
is the custodian. These lectures should
be taken by each church as a series in
order to obtain a comprehensive view of
our fields. One lecture alone would be
very inadequate. With moderate inter-
vals between them they would form a
series which would interest and educate
both old and young, and with proper
announcement, awakening the interest of
the whole Church and Sunday School,
they would prove the most valuable
means of missionary education. Mr.
Butler has not spared himself time,
thought, toil, nor expense, in order to
make this contribution to our missionary
propaganda as complete as possible.
Consecrated The paragraph above re-
Hobbies. lates how Mr. Butler
used one of his hobbies,
photography, as a means of rendering an
inestimable service to our missions.
There is another instance which deserves
to rank with it and to receive most
honourable mention. A short time ago
there came to my hand a catalogue of
fifty paintings which formed a little exhi-
bition, to which there was free admis-
sion ; the paintings were to be sold and
the proceeds devoted to our foreign mis-
sions. My interest deepened when I saw
the paintings were by one of our minis-
ters, Rev. F. P. Argali. I recalled a
happy visit to his church in Ripon when
he was starting his efforts in this direc-
tion. It is not only to commend our
brother but also to stimulate others whose
talents might be employed in a similar
manner, that I give this brief account of
Mr. Argali’s consecration of his hobby.
His summer hobby is out-of-door sketch-
ing, and every year he returns from his
three weeks’ holiday with about forty or
fifty sketches. When, completed, his
friends often desired to purchase them,
but he set his face against personal gain
because he was in the ministry of the
Gospel. But these requests suggested the
idea of selling them to aid church funds.
While in Ripon ministering to a mission-
ary church he resolved to consecrate this
hobby to the missionary cause. At first
his pictures formed part of a missionary
sale, but now they form a little exhibition
where they may be viewed apart from the
distractions of an ordinary sale. The
results have amply justified the experi-
ment. The exhibition was open for a
week and attracted persons interested in
art, many of whom greatly encouraged
Mr. Argali with their kindly words. This
sale realized £21 and the previous one
£20. Mr. Argali bears the entire cost of
paint and other materials and finds his
ample reward in the fact that his work
is sufficiently appreciated to win so many
patrons and to aid the cause he loves.
Bv means of this beautiful hobby, all the
more beautiful because consecrated to
such a noble cause, Mr. Argali has con-
tributed more than £100 to our mission-
ary funds, both the ordinary income and
the special £30,000 benefiting by his
25


British, French, and German
efforts. He claims to be only an enthu-
siastic amateur and modestly wonders
whether customers purchase his paintings
for their own sake or to encourage his
little venture. Like the apostle Paul in
a similar uncertainty, whether it be the
one or the other, we rejoice, yea, and wilt
rejoice that the consecrated hobby minis-
ters to the spread of the Gospel of Christ.
Friend ! go and do thou likewise !
„ -g—
British, French, and German.
Representatives of the German
Missionary Societies met the Stand-
ing Committee of the Conference of
Missionary Societies at the Bible House,
London. Missions-inspekters Wurz and
Schlunk. Dr. Ritson in the chair. A
fine gathering from the British Mission-
ary societies. We were represented by
Rev. James Ellis, Mr. S. Arnold and Act-
ing Secretary.
Dr. Barber (Wesleyan) led us in prayer.
The chairman gave a fine address : then
Alice Carthew, school teacher at Ribe.
[Photo : Rev. B. J. Ratcliffe.
"A girl of fine character and sunny disposition.
Called after the late T. H. Carthew," who died at
Rib£ in 1896.
he was followed by Herr Wurz and Herr
Schlunk, and also by a French secretary.
Dr. J. H. Ritson referred to the great
building in which we met; the room above:
with its 17,000 Bibles in 700 different
languages.
There were many things on which we
all agreed. We knew our German friends-
before the war and we know them now.
Treaties do not check strife, they only
alter its character. We want the Ger-
mans to know that we know that the great
commission of Christ is deemed the same
by them as by us. They all held the supra-
nationality of Jesus. Yet the Christian
message is delivered to us and we have to-
hand it on in a world of sin. We are not
free to act for self, we are part of a com-
munity. We must move with the nation,
and if the nation does not move at our
speed we do not allocate blame. And yet.
we are not free to hold aloof. We must
also act in groups and the nations must
act in groups : and in these days that
action must be considerate. If one suffers-
we all suffer : this is the penalty of our
corporate life. We believe we shall per-
severe, and we can work on the better if
the true spirit of the international council
is observed. Then shall we survive the
ordeal of a seven-times heated furnace.
We have done our best; we are doing our
best ; we will do our best.
Mr. J. H. Oldham, in a few excellent
remarks, maintained that the question
was a practical one. Each case must be
studied on its merits. No plan can apply
to all. We have to deal with India, Hong-
Kong, Palestine, Togoland, East Africa,
and the Cameroons. Both France and'
Germany were involved.
Dr. Wurz ; They were in a communion
of work and work js always real and prac-
tical. They were glad to be joined once-
more in the United Missionary Council.
They remembered pre-war times and re-
joiced in them. O that it might be just
26


Broadcasting
the same again. He could not express his
sense of the deep descent of the German
nation : what the future held for them no'
one could tell.
Speaking of the ex-German stations
(though he did not use that word) he had
two charming figures. You could not
occupy a mission in, or for, a quarter, of
an hour. Once in the old days he was
at Auckland Castle for their International
gathering. There was a huge quantity of
luggage thrown down to take to the
rooms. Someone said, “Will you look
after this a few minutes ? ” He did, but
he could not work a mission like that.
These missions are our children ! Their
parents think of them, cannot help doing
so. We want to see them again. And
they are growing up; when we go again
they may not know us. We could under-
stand what they had lost, and he hoped
the day would come when they would be
able to return to their much-loved work.
Pastor Schlunk addressed us in English
to say “ Thank you ! ” and then spoke in
German, Mr. Oldham interpreting very
ably.
We could not understand the attitude
of Britain. This visit has cleared away
many perplexities. Now we see better !
The future is very dark : soon there may
be no German missions, and, indeed, no
German nation. You will understand.
But what we cannot understand is that a
general policy should have been adopted
which so severely restricted their action in
spreading Christianity, and they thought
Britain would have protested. But Chris-
tian Britain was calm—for years. Now he
could see this better and appreciate it in
the sense in which it was meant. Hence
the feeling had arisen in all their missions
that they, the parents (to take Dr. Wurz’s
figure) has not been sufficiently con-
cerned about their children.
A third of their work had been taken
out of their hands. We all knew what
that meant to a secretary and a com-
mittee. But though they were debarred
from carrying on their work, he admitted
they must take the wider view and rejoice
that the work was being done.
He knew that to-day they were in
sacred ground : it was 400 years since
I.uther and his great work, and Britain
would admit they owed a debt to Ger-
many. The war had been destructive of
much, but it could never destroy this, ancf
they would join with all societies there
represented in the effort to pay the debt
we all owe to the world—to spread the
tidings of a great eternal Gospel.
Monsieur AJlegray spoke of the obliga-
tion of France in the present perplexing
times and that his country would do all
she could to help. J. E. S.
-J-
Broadcasting.
The Deputation to China and Africa:
reached London on November 21st. Our
editorial welcome appeared in December
in the form of a poem: by Miss Ford and
an article by Mr. Cosson. These were
timely beyond our hopes, for the best-laid
schemes of Deputation “gang aft a-gley.”
Then, as was fitting, Bristol took its-
opportunity in December, and an excellent
greeting was tendered to Mr. and Mrs.
Butler in Milk Street Chapel, in. which
reception the W.M.A. was prominent, as
was suitable.
The welcome of the Committee was-
also’ given in Bristol, for in the
remembrance that Mr. Butler and
Mr. Stedeford were born in that city,,
the hospitality of the Redland Grove
Church was sought for the special meet-
ing to welcome them. The social aspect
of life was acknowledged the evening
before by the personal invitation of the
Treasurer to the Deputation to meet the
Committee at dinner on January 16th.
Members of the Butler family, so long
and worthily associated with our Church,
were also invited, and the City, and our
Church therein, were represented by Mr.
Dowling, Lord Mayor.
The Foreign Missions Committee met
at Redland Grove on the two following
days to receive and consider the report of
the Deputation, which had been prepared
bv the Secretary with his usual conspicu-
ous ability.
Once more will we testify to the self-
sacrificing labours of our travellers, and'
pray that our Church both at home and
abroad may inherit a rich reward there-
from.
“To-day our hearts, like organ-keys
One Master’s touch are feeling ;
The branches of a common Vine,
Have only leaves of healing.”
J. E. S-


For the Young Folk
“ In Fellowship
shall ye be Saved.”
IN 1896, at Vadstena, in Sweden, six
representatives of four countries
founded the World’s Student Chris-
tian Federation. Coming- all from one
small racial group, from Germany,
Sweden, Britain, and the United States,
they yet dared to call themselves the
World’s Student Christian Federation.
At Peking, in 1922, the Eleventh Confer-
ence of the Federation saw representatives
from thirty-four nations, come together
from ever corner of the world—from Aus-
tralia, New Zealand, Africa, India,
Japan, Russia, the Philippine Islands,
South and North America, and many
European nations. The Conference was
organized bv the Chinese, and the Indian
delegation contributed most to its dis-
cussions. It elected an Indian lady as
one of its two vice-chairmen and a young
Chinese student leader as one of its
travelling secretaries. With a member-
ship of 260,000 it is a League of Nations
which includes Germany ; it is a common
meeting ground for Japanese with
Koreans and Chinese, for British and
South Africans with Indians and Egyp-
tians, for Hungarians and Rumanians,
Poles and Russians, Austrians and
Czecho-Slovakians. It is also a great
League of Churches. Taking a strict
Interdenominational position, it is show-
ing the possibility and power of denom-
inational team work on a basis of loyalty
first of all to Christ and then to the
denomination in which each member
comes to find Him. For the missionary
endeavour there is something still more
immediately significant—in its one great
fellowship members of the Student Volun-
teer Missionary Unions of North Ame-
rica, South Africa and Europe meet on a
natural and straightforward co-operative
basis with student Christian leaders of
Africa and the East. Talking together of
common problems, united in such great
co-operative efforts of the Federation as
European Student Relief, the mission-
aries of the future are already learning to
understand the outlook and aspirations of
the peoples among whom they hope to
work; they’ are learning to see the
problems of Christianity and Christian
By R. O. HALL,
Sunday, Missionary Secretary
February 25th. of the student
Christian Movement.
citizenship as they present themselves to
Christian nationals of those countries.
Above all, they will go to India and Africa
and China and Japan in search of a
greater Christ than Western Christianity
alone could ever hope to show the world.
And East and West will find Him
together.
Sunday, February 25th, is to be ob-
served in this country as the Day of
Prayer for this mig'hty Federation and
for all students throughout the world.
All those who care for Christ and for the
coming of His Kingdom are asked to pray
to God for this great Fellowship of youth
that it may go forward from strength to
strength, and that it may be greatly used
of God for the salvation of mankind.
For the Young Folk.
The Magic Window.
“Oh wad some power the giftie gie us,
To see oursels as others see us.”
Glass, among the Miao, was unknown
until the missionary came. A window
was placed in a chapel, and the boys won-
dered if the glass would break, and one
took up a stone and tried—then, he knew.
We had a small window of four panes
of glass in the £5 house at Stone Gate-
way. It was a favourite spot of many,
especially those interested in fringes and
the right set of the ribbons of the hair.
One day a lady passing by, looked in at
the window ; then went, and confided in
her friends the story of a great discovery.
“What do you think?” said she. “The
Teachers Pollard and Parsons have an old
lady in their house. Who can she be?
She is toothless, wrinkled and with hair
so rough ; she is a regular old hag—I
have never seen anyone so ugly in my
life.” “Why, mother,” said the young
Miao who knew, “you have been looking
at your own reflection in the glass.”
She had never seen her face mirrored
in a glass, and like so many of the rest
of us, was unaware of the wrinkles which
disfigured and the hair so wild.
Our prayer, “May the beauty of the
Lord be upon us.” Hv. Parsons.
28


The Chinese National Official Report
Christian Conference. III. SjS',
IT.is important to know that that one of
the Commission reports which pre-
sented “ The Message of the Church ”
had been prepared entirely by Chinese
men and women.
A large portion of the report is given to
an appeal to the Chinese people to ap-
propriate the social meanings in the gos-
pel of Chrst for the regeneration of China.
There is little evidence in this report of
original theological interpretations such
as might have been expected from a
newly Christianised oriental people, but
perhaps China’s great contribution to a
world religion will be, found to lie in the
realm of applied Christianity, for this is
an intensely practical people, confronted
with overwhelming wrongs imbedded in
their own social an.d national life.
Two problems from this report were
brought before the Conference for specific
action. One of these called for fresh
vigour on the part of church forces in
attacking the opium-problem. The other
called for the endorsement by the Confer-
ence of the following standards for
modern factories, designed to bring China
more into line with the international
labour standard set by the League of
Nations (China, Persia and Siam being at
present the only
nations which have
not agreed to try
to carry out this
standard) :
1. No employ-
ment of children
under twelve! full
years of age.
2. One day’s
rest in seven.
•3. The safe-
guarding of the
health of work-
ers, by the limi-
tation of working
hours, improve-
ment of sanitary
conditions, and
installation o f
safety devices.
T h i s standard
was accepted with
one dissenting vote,
and the National
Miao scholars on Sports’ Day
at Stone Gateway
[Rev. C. Stedeford.
Christian Council was authorised to give
it the widest possible publicity.
Another phase of Christian work on
which the Conference stamped an indelible
impression is education. Scarcely any
original work needed to be done in this
field by any committee of the Conference
itself, for the China Educational Com-
mission has, as is so well known, just com-
pleted its masterly survey of the whole
China field, and its report came from the
press just as the Conference opened. The
Conference simply provided the stage set-
ting from which it could be most effec-
tively presented to the Christian Church
in China and at the same time to the
home boards through their representatives
who were at the Conference in full force.
This report, like the Survey volume on
‘■'The Christian Occupation of China,”
should be read by all westerners who are
interested in the progress of education in
so-called mission countries. It is called
“Christian Education in China.”*
China is not yet through with you.
The National Christian Council is just
struggling to its feet ; as we write, it has
not yet found its leaders. The greatest
Conference in China has been held, and
* May be obtained at 7s. £d. from Edinburgh House.—Ed.
29


Our Veteran Missionary
horizons have been widened and hopes
raised high, but there will be little visible
effect for years to come. Some of your
best thinkers and your greatest spirits
will be needed to work shoulder to
shoulder with the Chinese leaders of the
new Church. In fact, it chose, through
the Conference, to send the following- mes-
sage on the closing day of the conference :
“To Christians of other lands.” There
could be no more fitting way in which to
close this account of the founding- of the
Church of China, written to you who have
helped to give it birth :
“ An overpowering sense, of the joy and
strength of fellowship in Christ has come
to us who are gathered in a national con-
ference representing more than one hun-
dred and thirty Christian bodies in China.
It has been given to us to catch the vision
of a wonderful united Chinese Church
bound together in the service of the Master
in this great land where the labourers are
all too few and the harvest so plenteous.
Yet we find how this desire of our
Our Veteran
Missionary.
JT was a beautiful day on. the first of
November, 1882, that I first met him.
He had travelled all night from
Ningpo to Shanghai to welcome his new
colleague, and as neither he nor I had
many things to buy in that great em-
porium of the Far East, we travelled on
the old s.s. “Kiangteen ” through the
night, back to Ningpo, piloted by Pilot
Wilson, a faithful friend of our Mission,
who knew the coast better than any part
of his native land.
“Forty years on,” and it is another
November day, not sunny and bright as in
China, but sombre and cloudy, and the
place is not “the gorgeous east,” but—
Ilford. Once again I meet my dear old
colleague, not quite so upright, his raven
locks sprinkled with winter’s snows, but
still the same man only a little altered,
yet he has recently celebrated his
eightieth birthday. His mother lived in
London to see her pinety-ninth birthday,
so we can wish him hopefully and with
all our hearts many happy returns of the
day, especially as he is still remarkably
hearts—as also the work of our country
—is hindered by the tragedy of division
among the Christians of the world. While
standing for the principle of indigenous
Christianity, we do not seek isolation and
separation from the Mother Churches, but
we ask that they shall strive for unity
among themselves so that we in China
may be able also to unite and bear un-
divided witness to the mighty works of
God.
“ Surely the salvation of the human race
calls for nothing less than a world pro-
gramme, and is a task which in itself
points to the danger and sin of longer per-
petuating the spirit of division among the
children of a common Lord. We ask
therefore that our brethren in every land
shall strive for that perfect unity for which
Christ prayed when He said, ‘ that they
all may be one as Thou. Father art in Me
and I in Thee, that they also may be one
in Us, that the world may believe that
Thou hast sent Me. ’ ”
{Concluded).
By
Prof. W. E. SOOTHILL, M.A.
active, has a mind alert, a cheery laugh,
a heart full of kindness, and can still see
a joke without putting on his spectacles.
To him our missions in Ningpo and
Wenchow owe an unpayable debt. With-
out him it is fairly certain they would not
have existed. If our people at home had
only known of his eightieth birthday they
would have poured their affection into his
lap and not a few “ from the land of
Sinim.” Alas ! as a result of his modesty
none of us knew of it till too late.
When he first reached Ningpo along
with his young wife, in 1866, he had to
live in, a house built in a swamp, where
both of them suffered from fever and
other tropical troubles. Not long- after-
wards his senior colleague was driven by
persistent illness to the healthier north
and, being unable to return, resigned his
ministry. Later, his second senior colleague
also broke down and had to withdraw to
England never to return. Soon his dear
young wife and child died, and Frederick
Galpin was left alone. But he fought
bravely on, held together the infant
30


Our Veteran Missionary
church, laid the foundation of and
developed our Ningpo work, evangelized
in the surrounding cities, towns and vil-
lages, established the boys’ school, which
has grown into the fine college now under
Mr. Redfern’s care, translated parts of
the Bible into Chinese, also a History of
Russia (which is still read), and was only
finally driven from the field, after nearly
thirty years’ service, through the ill
effects of the climate.
As to Wenchow, it was he who in
1875 paid a memorable visit there, travel-
ling two hundred miles overland, a week’s
journey each way, to see that important
prefecture, a district as big as Wales,
and like it a land of mountain, valley and
stream. He came, he saw, he was con-
quered, and he rested not till he had
secured the appointment of my predeces-
sor, Robert Inkerman Exley, who, after
four brief years’ service, passed away in
their house in Ningpo' with the last
words on his lips “ Galpin! Into His
presence.” Again, Mr. Galpin had to
travel to Wenchow, and with a sad heart.
This and subsequent visits were made in
a small coasting steamer, which my wife
and I came to know right -well. He it
was who kept Exley’s work together and
developed it till my arrival in 1882. Such
then is the debt that the Wenchow
Church, all unconscious in these days,
owes to its initiator.
To hear Mr. Galpin preach in Chinese
was my early inspiration. None has sur-
passed, few have equalled his skill in the
language. Reaching Hong-Kong on my
way out, I had availed myself of the fact
of Sunday to pay a visit to the London
Missionary Society Church. As the
Chinese preacher addressed his audience, I
buried my head in my hands and said,
" Oh, how ever can I learn such a
language? ” It then sounded to me
like a series of explosions. But Mr. Gal-
pin’s preaching' took away all anxiety.
Not only did he rivet the attention of the
Chinese audience but mine also, and made
me feel as if Chinese must be easy. There
are Englishmen who speak English-Chi-
nese, and Irish and Scots whose words
are Chinese, but who at a distance seem
to be talking Irish or Scotch. Not so
was it with Mr. Galpin. His Ningpoese
was the real article, tones and all. Dur-
ing the two last months of 1882, while I
was the guest of Mi. and Mrs. Galpin,
before my departure foi Wenchow, I had
begun to snatch phrases out of his ser-
mons, and only longed to be able to preach
in the Wenchow language as well as he
did in the Ningpo.
At last the day cam.e, forty years since
to-day, when he took me on board the old
s.s. “Yung-ning” and we steamed to-
gether down the rugged but beautiful
coast to Wenchew. Arriving there Mr.
Galpin settled me into my new abode
and took me my first country journey up
the Wenchow river in a native boat. We
travelled forty miles to the city of Tsing-
tien, which, of course, had then never
been evangelized, but where we have now
a fine church and a flourishing circuit.
On our return to Wenchow he soon had to
go on board the Yung-ning to return to
Ningpo, and sadly I went back through
the narrow, crowded, evil-smelling- streets
to my lonely home, unable to speak the
language and with my life before me—or
death—who should know?
He has been my intimate friend through
all these years, always faithful, always
generous, always the same. To him and
his devoted wife we all owe a deep debt
of gratitude. May God give them many
more happy years together. I am thank-
ful I ever met him.
Rev. F. Galpin. Nov. 29th, 1842.
31


Henry Martyn,
Confessor of the Faith.
HE United Council for Missionary
Education are doing wisely in
issuing new lives of eminent mis-
sionaries. These are to be published by
the Student Christian Movement.
The book opens with a penetrating
glimpse into the India of the old East
India Company.
There follows an account of the forbears
of Henry Martyn in the ancient city of
Truro, together with a picturesque
description of the person and work of
John Wesley.
It gives a most interesting account of
Charles Simeon, justly famed as the
leader of the Evangelical movement of
those old days, and his influence upon
Cambridge life, and this chapter should be
read side bv side with the life of Charles
Simeon by Bishop Handley Moule.
Martyn during his stay in Cambridge
won the coveted distinction of Senior
Wrangler. Here, too, he began after
much wrestling, the new life of faith and
of fellowship with the Lord Jesus Christ
which afterwards made him a missionary
of the Cross. He acquired an intimacy
with the works of William Law and
Jonathan Edwards, which acted on him
as iron in the blood.
Martyn became more intimate with
Simeon, and took up a curacy in his
parish, but this did not long- continue.
His relaxation after hard pastoral work
was always a grammar of some Eastern
language.
Then comes the story of his romantic
attachment to Lydia Grenfell, which did
not end as such attachments usually do.
Martyn went to the East, and Lydia re-
mained at home, but correspondence,
though occasional at first, became con-
stant until the day of his death.
He eventually sailed for India, and
some graphic descriptions are given of
his life on board ship. After a long and
weary journey, he reached Calcutta, and
was amazed at the sin and idolatry of
this great city. His earnestness and
deep spirituality became a source of
offence to the Government authorities,
and so great was their opposition to him
that he moved away to an up-country
By Constance E. Padwick ; 5s. net.
A REVIEW.
appointment. He settled for a time at
Dinapore, and in his leisure hours took
up the study of the Hindustani, Persian
and Arabic languages.
He was transferred to Cawnpore, and
from thence proceeded to Shiraz, in
Persia.
He journeyed to Erivan, thence to Kars
and Erzeroum, and finally to Tokat, where
he died amidst the babel of an Eastern
Khan, and where the Armenian clergy
gave him Christian burial.
Other lives of Martyn are for the most-
part written in the language of a bygone
generation. This book is an attempt to
interpret to men and women of to-day a
life which is one of the treasures of our
spiritual heritage.
Miss Padwick has given us a discern-
ing- portrait of Martyn the scholar, the
lover, the adventurer for God. She has
written a book so good that we shall wel-
come any further work that proceeds from
her facile pen.
It only remains to add that the book
is introduced with an author’s preface, a
valuable list of dates, and a portrait of
Henry Martyn at twenty-four years of
age. We shall look forward to other
issues with great pleasure.
E. C. Bartlett.
The International Review
of Missions.*
Vol. 12 opens well for 192.3. The mis-
sionary survey of the last ten years has
its sixth section and reviews Moslem
Lands. There are 56 pages of most
significant material.
A thoughtful paper on Missions and the
Supernatural is by Mr. Oldham, the
editor. The problem of Education is
dealt with by Dr. G. A. Coe, and Indian
Moslems and the Khalifate by Mr. W.
Paton. “Some African Women,” by Miss
Jean K. Mackenzie, and “ Relative Racial
Capacity,” by Dr. D. J. Fleming are in-
structive reading. Then follows “ The
relation of Missions to Intellectual De-
velopment,” by Dr. Merkel.
The reviews of new books and the
ordinary features are as good as ever.
The same may be said of the whole issue.
* 3s. Annual subscription, 10s. 6d., post free.
32


Our Ningpo
College.
UNDER apparently inauspicious cir-
cumstances the College opened
after the summer vacation. Ty-
phoons, repeated and merciless, had
swept from the neighbouring hills
against our walls and windows, laid many
of the former flat and wrecked most of
the latter. Your missionary, who went
out to preach the Gospel an.d to teach the
■“humanities,” had to bend his mind to
the problems of bricks and mortar, glass
and plaster, and contend with sinful men,
viz., native carpenters, masons and
plasterers,' about the price of thing's he
knew not and in a jargon whose vagaries
still, he is bound to confess, for the most
part confound him.
However, we were ready for opening
day, and long before that time a stream
of devoted fathers, uncles, elder brothers
and guardians generally, invaded the
vice-principal’s sanctum, introducing
their proteges whom they one and all
declared were diligent, quiet and docile.
One knows now why it is best to seek
the mountain fastnesses if one is to have
a “proper ” holiday. Even these are
•quite vulnerable however, for solicitous
guests will scale the peak before dawn
and smile with the rising sun through the
latticed door upon the missionary before
his morning ablutions are performed.
This invasion of visitors, however, is
welcome, for it predicts a good gather-
ing of students.
And the invasion was great,
we had feared a slump
in numbers for this
coming term, as we had
•sent so many “ on their
way rejoicing at the
close of the last; and Mr.
Redfern’s absence we
thought might affect us
seriously. But for some
reason dismal presenti-
ments were graciously
falsified. We opened the
school with a larger
number than ever we
have had before, and
now we stand at the
record number of 205.
Through the mud and
clay, through wind and
Rev. W. P. BATES, M.A.
water, water everywhere of a typhoon-
stricken country, these students came,
bearing their “beds and basons”: by
canal boat, by steamer, by chair and
on foot (one little fellow walked or waded
for miles from his country home) to be
taken care of by us.
We have added two teachers since our
last term, Mr. Tsiang O zeng, B.So., of
Soochow University, son of Mrs Red-
fern’s former amah, a fine Christian
young fellow and devoted teacher,* and
Mr. Dzing Yuong Ling, a graduate of
our own College, also an earnest Chris-
tian, and well fitted by his physical excel-
lence to teach the “holiness of the body ”
and its preservation in purity according
to the law of God.
What troubles us most is the price of
rice, which, owing to the inclement
season has risen to an. unprecedented
figure. How we are to make ends meet
at this rate would exercise the brains of
Sir Robert Horne at one end of the scale
and Mrs. Prudence Pennywise at the
other. I will close this somewhat hasty
letter by stating :
A FEW OF THE THINGS WE NEED.
(1) Some English Bibles, new or
second hand, it matters not. Will some
good friend make a collection for us?
(2) An American organ for room No. 6.
•We have only one organ in the place, and
Indeed,
Mr. Tsiang Ho-Zeng’s university education was made
possible through the kind financial assistance of Mr
W. H. Butler, of Bristol,” says Mr. Redfern.
YoungChina coming along. [Rev. W. P. Bates, AT.A.
Two lusty champions of the Ningpo Methodist College.
33


At Universal Spring
circumstances are such that it cannot be
moved. Consequently we can only teach
singing properly in one room. Another
instrument (new or old) will be a very
great convenience.
(3) Illustrated magazines or news-
papers of an instructive kind for laying
on the table of our Y.M.C.A. reading-
room. One good friend already supplies
us with the “Children’s Newspaper,” but
more than one copy of this would be
acceptable, as it is at present one hundred
to one who shall read it at any particular
time.
For these and all other mercies vouch-
safed our hearts will be unfeig'nedly
thankful.
[On No. 3 reply to Editor. On the other
appeals write Mr. Stedeford before sending
anything, to avoid confusion.]

At Universal Spring.
E left here for the Nosu Bible
School on June 30th. Two days
to Universal Spring". The hills
away from the main roads are in a shock-
ing state of anarchy. The Nosu, being
the wealthier class, are the first victims
to suffer, and hundreds of them are
having a terrible time. Prospects for a
Bible School were decidedly poor.
However, we had a great welcome from
the schools and members. The school at
Universal Spring is the largest in the
mission, and with twenty or thirty schools
feeding it, the time will soon come when
we shall have a very large community
there. This year there are about 130
schoolboys of all grades. It will be the
largest mission school in these two
provinces. That is a cheerful fact to
start with, and means much more to me
than to anyone else.
We had from 150 to 250 to the school.
Two two-hour sessions a day for a fort-
night is a pretty strenuous test, but fully
120 of them stood up to it. Many fathers
and elder brothers came for the first
week, and then went home to let the
others come for the second week, because
the homes could not be left unguarded.
But how great a hold'Christianity has on
them that, living under such lawless con-
ditions, they dare to come at all?
This year is the eleventh year in suc-
cession they have held the school. There
is among them a large group which has
attended every one. Many of them have
the books they have written from the
commencement. It is no easy task to
“feed” these. They live with these
things, not having the distractions of our
“civilized” life, and in their lonely homes
Rev. C. N. MYLNE.
much pondering and meditation goes on.
But they need shepherding. As the days
went on, one became conscious of a
steadily rising spiritual tone and atmo-
sphere. The word by word dissection of
Scripture does not easily lend itself to
the creation of spiritual emotion, but I
had the conviction forced upon my mind,
that it would need no great effort to
initiate a revival. I am not very fond of
that word, because of much that it con-
notes, but eleven years of Bible study is
surely the best possible ploughing and
sowing to prepare for the Spirit of God ?
The work of preparation has been done,,
and the Spirit of God is faithful, but you
people at home are the source of our
weakness. Maybe, there needs to be a
spiritual revival among the home churches,
before we can dare to go forward. Cer-
tain it is that the U.M. Churches have
abundance of material resources. A
living Church with the membership of the
U.M. Church would feel insulted if its
Foreign Mission Committee asked for a
pitiful little .£50,000. But what is the
use of writing all this to you? We know
you would give us £500,000 if you had
it. We cannot get at the multitude of
real defaulters.
Although the Miao work was started'
some years before the Nosu, the Miao
have not had a regular Bible School yet.
This year Mr. Hudspeth is calling all his
preachers and teachers in for ten days or
so, and has asked me to conduct a school
for them. After that I am looking for-
ward to four days at Stone Gateway just
previous to the Bible School, doing
nothing at all. This will have to serve?
for my holiday this year !
34


Katheri.
yOU will be interested to know that
we have opened our third out-
school at a place called Katheri,
about twelve miles south-east of this
station. I had been in negotiation with
chief Mbogoli for some time ; now we have
actually begun the work in his location ;
one of our young teachers, Isaka and his
wife, are established among a people to
whom the Evangel and education are new.
Katheri is a delightful place, situated on
an eastern spur of the snow-clad Kenya.
To reach it there is a steady climb all the
way from here, and consequently it is
much colder. Indeed, although much
nearer the equator, the atmosphere is
much akin to that of our English spring.
It is the only place that I have touched in
the Colony where normally the people
harvest only once a year. Usually two,
and sometimes three, crops are reaped
annually, but at Katheri only one. The
land is cultivated in every direction, and
this of itself is sure indication of a goodly
population. Walking abroad from the
chosen mission site soon confirmed this
first impression.
Chief Mbogoli, who made two or three
journeys to see me in appeal for a station
and teacher among his people, is the
second chief in rank in the whole of Meru,
chief Mwitari, in whose location, Thura,
we have already a school and teacher ;
Rev. B. J. RATCLIFFE, F.R.G.S.
being the first. The word and example of
these two first-rank chiefs is taken and
followed by the rest of the tribe, and from
this fact we are hoping much.
Thus far most of the arranging and
suggesting for the out-station work has-
originated from the mission centre. In a
sense this was the case with Katheri since
some of the boys of this station had
already touched Katheri in their preach-
ing tours. Even when the suggestion is
made that we be allowed to build in a par-
ticular location, the head chief has to be
appealed to and considerable delay is occa-
sioned by his having to bring the matter
before his “kiama” or council. But in
this case Mbogoli' had settled that busi-
ness before he came to me, securing the
full agreement of his kiama without ex-
ception, thus simply requesting that I
gave him a note to the D.C., Meru, for
permission to cut the necessary timber for
building. I was so delighted with the
progress made that I accompanied him
and stated the case before the Government
official and the permit was immediately
granted.
A little delay was occasioned by the
refusal of the forestry guard to allow the
cutting of timber even in the face of the
permit. But upon further appeal to the
D.C., a “kanga”—tribal retainer—was
sent out with instructions to remain with
The Camp at Katheri, July 3rd. 1922, for the opening of our School work. [.Rev B.J. Ratcliffe
35


Katheri
chief Mbogoli until he had lumbered suffi-
cient timber for all building purposes.
Later hearing that this was complete,
accompanied by Miss Taylor, I went out
to choose the actual site ; but upon ar-
rival, to our amazement, we found that
had already been done, and well chosen.
A huge tract of land had been cleared,
and the house for the native teacher was
already built and ready for occupation,
whilst the school-chapel was nearing com-
pletion. About a hundred and twenty
men were busy roofing the building, and
the beginning of actual mission work was
a matter of very short time. My joy knew
no bounds, and I returned determined to
give a good start to the work.
Thus on Monday, July 3rd, the whole
mission staff, Mrs. Ratcliffe, Miss Taylor,
Nurse Jennings, Mr. Perry,* our sons,
Ben, Bernard, and Leslie, with Jackie
Hopkins, and all the mission pupils, set
* An industrialist.
The writer, with Chief Mbogoli.
out for opening day. At Katheri we made
a goodly show, and such as had never
been seen before in this district. Time
and again, as in the Government Boma
through which we had to pass on our
way, the question was asked by wonder-
ing residents, “ bwetau ” ? (Where are you
going?) To Katheri! “To Katheri?”
And this led to the object of our journey
which was eagerly told. It was impres-
sive, picturesque, and in some respects
amusing to see the entourage winding in
single file through plantation and bush and
up the steep hill-sides. Now and again
we caught sight of an old bit of clothing
that one or other of the boys was wear-
ing. One had a straw hat, another a dis-
carded naval cap, yet another a head-gear
of the latest trilby-type fresh out from
Nairobi. Some wore boots, and walked
as if dried peas had first been inserted
into the foot-wear; most were clad in
khaki garments supplied by the mission.
We were most of us glad when we
reached our destination and to receive the
warm welcome of Mbogoli and his
followers.
Immediately upon arrival the boys set
to work upon the preparation of accom-
modation for so large a company. Impro-
vised tables were erected and an open-air
lunch indulged in. The afternoon was
spent in a tour of the neighbouring vil-
lages, and as night fell, and with it a cold
that chilled one to the marrow, fires were
quickly lighted by which the boys
crouched and chatted.
At night, although in close proximity,
we were divided as follows : Mrs. Rat-
cliffe with our youngest, Leslie, in a tent
with two native girls ; Miss Taylor, Nurse
Jennings with Jackie Hopkins, and the
remaining girls, in the new house built
for the teacher, whilst Mr. Perry, Ben,
Bernard, and I, disported ourselves upon
hammock, camp bed, or deck chairs, all
in the new school, with the goodly body-
guard of many native boys lying in all
directions. In some cases two were rolled
up in one blanket between the rough
wooden benches, most had gathered long
grass which made good bedding, but the
cold night air at such an altitude was
rather trying, and few blankets had been
brought, and these we shared as well as
we could. One had crept into my kit-
bag, and incidentally got locked in, caus-
36


A Wayside Crucifix in Tyrol
ing considerable merriment. It looked
like the “ board-room ” of a ship, and the
banter and fun ran high before “ sleep
closed the heavy eye.”
In the chill of the early dawn we were
all astir and expectant of the most im-
portant event. Chief Mbogoli was soon
with us, and arrangements were com-
pleted for the opening service as early as
possible.
About ten o’clock all were assembled in
front of the new building, and whilst
Mbogoli and his followers listened, we,
the white staff and native pupils from
Kaga sang, “Jesus loves me.” Prayer
was engaged in 'by Daudi, the native
teacher from Njuki-Njiru, our first out-
school. After the second hymn, “We love
Thy Church, O God,” it was mine to
address the assembled company, and to
emphasize the nature of our work, to tell
the burden of every missionary’s mes-
sage. to accept in the name of Christ and
our Church the work of these natives who
had given time and energy in building,
and then opening the doors (which had
been made by the boys at Meru) to declare
the place open for the glory of God and
the teaching of His truth. Then taking
Isaka, the teacher, by the hand to wish
him God-speed in his work. I exhorted
him to faithfulness in his ministry among
these primitive people.
In a few simple but sincere words
Isaka pledged himself before the whole
company to faithful endeavour, pleading
with Mbogoli and his people to give him
their confidence, to help him in his work
by responding to his call. Then in a few
well chosen words Daudi followed his line
and emphasized the need of salvation and
the blessings of Christian life.
Another hymn “Who came down?”
followed by prayer and benediction by
myself brought to a close a ceremony not
only soul-moving and interesting, but, as
I believe, prophetic of the time when this
Meru territory shall be adequately occu-
pied by us for God and the coming of His
Kingdom.
Farewell words were spoken, and our
“ safari ” loads having already been
packed and sent on towards home, we
took our departure with a sense of grati-
tude in that the frontiers of the Kingdom
had been further extended by this begin-
ning of work at Katheri.
A Wayside Crucifix in Tyrol.
“ While the last beams of day were
wandering among the fir-trees and hesi-
tating on the hill-tops, I saw a tall cruci-
fix so placed that the Face looked on
me, lifting my thoughts up. With the
soft light upon His brow and outstretched
arms, He Himself seemed to be giving
welcome to His mountains, and in spite
of everything I felt it good to be there.”
“Joy of Tyrol.”
J. M. Blake, M.A.
Then from his “ Luca Della Robbia.”
“My Christ, why dost Thou droop so
deep Thy tired head?
And Thine attenuated arms, why are
they so far spread?
Is it the glory of the peaks that Thou
wouldst hold ?
Surely their glory and their fulness
were for ever Thine of old.
Yet do Thine arms continue wide in
longing every .day,
Outspread towards me as I pass be-
neath Thee on my homeward way.
Still wide Thine arms,, Thine eyes still
seeking, still Thy drooping head,
Is it that Thou art wanting not more
glory but myself instead ? ”
Announcements by
the Treasurer.
WENCHOW DISTRESS FUND.
The amount received up to January 12th
was. £1,933 16s. 4d., made up as fol-
lows : From twenty members, of Com-
mittee, £102 ; 37 donations, £77 19s. 6d. ;
from 1,013 churches or circuits,
£1,753 16s. lOd. Mr. Ward tenders his
grateful thanks.
ADDITION TO LEGACY.
Under power to augment the legacies
bequeathed by the late Mrs. H. Derby-
shire (£500, see page 171 of Report) the
executors have decided to augment the
legacy bequeathed to the Foreign Mission
Fund of the United Methodist Church by
the sum of £250, for which amount a
cheque has been received.
37


Trees and the Missionary
Meditations.*
Rev. F. J. Dymond.
UP here I am engaged in evangelistic
work. From, say, 3.30 to 5.30,
you might find us, with the small
terjt and a platform of two- forms and four
boards in front or at the1 side. From the
wooden frame of the tent we hang large
Scripture texts and hymn sheets. Then
the old concertina (rather cracked now)
comes into requisition, “Oh, happy Day,”
or“ Gome,, ye sinners, poor and wretched,”
is played and sung. You would be sur-
prised what a crowd it nearly always
fetches. Soldiers, civilians, opium sots
and rakes, a few women on the outskirts,
and a few scholars. It is nothing to
preach for one hour, and, somehow, it is
most enjoyable to myself. Yesterday “the
penitent thief ” was the subject. This,
week the Gospel was never sweeter to my
own taste. Can you dear people at home
help us to pray for a great revival all
through Yunnan?
I am a great believer in open-air preach-
ing for China. Then, too, I have been
reading John Wesley’s Journal and the
History of Methodism ! If only fine ser-
mons could be heard on the streets, I won-
der if they would get more hearers ? Do
you think ministers at home preach
enough? Wesley would preach three
times a day five days in succession. A
man could easily do that in China and get
a good hearing every time ; but it wouldn’t
answer in England, would it?
The great tiling is to have the yearning
for the salvation of men that our fathers
had. It is a horrible business when we
do not much care whether men get saved
or not.
I have visions of a day when a good
chapel, with nice frontage, will appear on
the main street, a preaching hall at the
side. Suitable guest halls, class rooms,
etc., will appear upon the splendid site,
and then United Methodism in Yunnan
ought to. become a real live thing. “Your
old men shall dream dreams.”
I intended to take a tour out into Kopu
Land on Monday, but the Consul wishes
me to wait a while. The. road is not safe.
A Miao and Kopu were here in the
prayer-meeting last night : it was really
fine to hear the Miao pray. He had come
*Not written for publication.—En.
up from the backwoods, but he had, a
.Methodist ring of sincerity that was un-
mistakable, you jelt he had passed out of
darkness into light.
Would that we all, ministers and local
preachers, had a new baptism and enjoyed
“ Perfect Love ” as taught by Wesley.
Trees and the Missionary.
By S. Gertrude Ford.
In forest-land and swamp-land, where
warm the South-wind blows,
With broad leaves, and green leaves, the
spreading Banyan grows,
Striking new roots for ever, till the grove
comes from the tree,
O Pilgrim of the Gospel, its lesson is for
thee !
In the chill lands, the hill-lands, where
North-winds wail and whine.
And on the white world’s frontier stands
the last lonely Pine,
Welcome the green world’s witness,
where else no tree’s is heard :—
O Pilgrim, so thy message ! so, even so,
the Word !
In dry and desert places, where parching
East-winds blow,
See the tall trees, the Palm-trees ! con-
sider how they grow !
In rainless moons still verdant they make
oases now—■
O Pilgrim weary-hearted, rejoice! for
dost not thou ?
In the fair land, the free land, whence
clear the West-wind comes,
With a challenge,, of clarions, a rallying
roll of drums,
See the Maple’s store of sweetness, to all
the world sent forth—
So., Pilgrim, take thy treasure East, West
and South and North !
Sailings.
The Rev. W. S. Micklethwaite departed
from Liverpool on January 20th, to
resume his work as superintendent of our
West Africa District.
Nurse B. Petrie Smith will embark at
Tilbury (“City of Poona”) on February
7th, for Wenchow, in which hospital she
will be colleague with Nurse Louisa Ball,
who. went out February 24th, 1922.
38


Mrs. J. B. BROOKS, B.Litt.*

Mrs. Butler’s New, Year Message.
I hope it is not too- late, my dear friends
of the W.M.A., to wish you “A Happy
New Year! ” It is my first opportunity
of doing' so since my return home.
The year 1922 has been a memorable
one on the mission field. The visit of the
deputation has been a great event in the
lives of our U.M. Church members, both
in China and in Africa. To see the mis-
sionary at work in the five different
spheres has given us a clear vision of
what our Church is capable of doing with
adequate resources.
I have no hesitation in saying, having
a good knowledge of the strength of our
â– churches at home, that a more general
policy for contributing to thei work would
rectify the incompleteness which now
exists, and could accomplish what has
been started in all the different fields we
â– occupy.
I know of many churches and of
W.M.A. societies who are giving to their
utmost limit, and who work in a really
â– sacrificial way, but I grieve at the thought
â– of many who take little or no interest in
this cause of missions, and who think it
no concern of theirs. They are fearsome
of any money going out of their own
Church ; yet if one looks into their real
life it lacks spiritual energy, for this
â– selfish spirit reacts upon any community
as it does upon any individual. The
reports of other churches are a great
education. We should be acquainted with
the work others are doing and the money
raised ; in doing so it would be found that
we stand very low in comparison, and that
our work on the field is incomparable
because of the cutting down that must
take place from home.
I need not tell you how glad we are to
be home. We (the deputation) have
greatly appreciated all your loving
thoughts towards us in our absence, and
4 Mrs. Brooks has cheerfully undertaken the responsibility
in succession to Mrs. Dobson, until the Council meeting
in May.—Ed.
the numbers of prayers offered up daily
on our behalf. The letters of welcome
back, too, have been like showers of
blessing upon us. Our hearts continue to
be full of gratitude and of humility for the
heavenly Father’s loving care and guid-
ance through all the past months.
We have seen the dawn of 1923.
Another year confronts us—new tasks,—
new purposes. A great desire surges up
within us to present vividly the foreign
field to you as it appeared to, us, and to' try
to instil a yearning love for saving souls
into the hearts of our people wherever we
go. It is a great task—this purpose for
which we travelled nearly 30,000 miles,
involving separation, and the risk to
health ; but the faces of those thousands
of people of different colour, of different
race, will ever be an inspiration to our
spirits when the light burns low, or the
embers die down, or discouragements sur-
round us.
I want in closing to thank you per-
sonally for all the support you have given
to our beloved work in my absence. It
has touched me greatly.
With all loving wishes,.
Yours very truly,
Rosa Kate Butler.
First Impressions of
North China.
Mrs. Plummer, writing from Chu-
Chia â– *
“ It is now three weeks since our
arrival here, and we are feeling quite at
home in our new surrounding's. Every-
thing" is very different here from what it
is in the south, except the people, and
they seem to be the same all over China.
Instead of living inside a densely popu-
lated city, we are now just outside a vil-
lage of about two thousand inhabitants,
with fields of wheat almost surrounding
us. The wheatl is, reaped in June, and
then other cereals are sown, and these are
* Previously in Wenchow, 1900-13.—J.B.-.-. •
39


. Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
harvested late in September. Within half
an hour’s walk there are four or five other
villages : these are all surrounded by mud
walls. The houses are also made of mud ;
so when the trees lose! their leaves every-
thing in sight will be a light shade of
khaki. Just now it is very pretty because
the trees aref still green and the skies are
beautiful, so clear, just like one sees on
the Canadian prairies. It is still mild, but
during' the cold months the thermometer
runs .down, to zero.
There are not many patients in the
hospital just now, but when the harvest
is over and the people get to know that a
foreign doctor has come, the numbers will
probably increase rapidly.
There has been a number of bandits in
the district for some time, and lately some
soldiers were sent to try and disperse
them. Three of the wounded were
brought to the hospital ; one a boy of
about twelve, who was probably acciden-
tally shot, died shortly after his arrival ;
the other two, both of whom were severely
wounded, are recovering.
It will take some time to get everything
into good working order, and this will
require a great deal of patience and tact,
as the two assistants have been left alone
so long and they may not like the neces-
sary changes being made.
There is an evangelist, also a Bible-
woman for the hospital ; these are sup-
posed to talk to the patients and also visit
them after they return home, that is, if
the homes are not too far away. As soon
as possible we hope to teach the National
Phonetic Script in the hospital ; we can
already read slowly, and after getting hold
of a few more of the new sounds and
having a little more practice, we hope to
read quite easily. The Chinese learn the
Script very quickly, so we hope to help
our patients by teaching them to read and
then giving them Scripture portions and
tracts to take home with them.
There is a splendid boarding school here
of over 10 girls, under the care of Miss
Turner, who is fitted in every way for this
work ; she is a real mother to the girls.
A Bible-school for women is to be re-
opened this week ; this is conducted by
Miss Armitt, who has just returned from
her furlough. Young preachers’ wives
and other women come and stay in the
compound for some months, to be taught
and trained as Bible-women. About
twenty other women are expected to come
in early in November for two weeks’ Bible
study. If all these women could be filled
with love for those around them and a
desire to win them to Christ, what a grand
work they Could do! Should we not ask
for and expect this ?
Ethel Plummer.
Finishing the journey to Chu Chia Tsai.
The mission buggy is in front and Miss Armitt is behind the driver. Notice how the constant traffic has
worn the road below the level of the fields. Castor-oil plants border the road. [Dr. W. E. Plummer.
40



THIS is a small book—less than 150
pages in all—but one whose every
page is well worth study.
No one who is truly interested in
China, whether from a political,
commercial, social, or missionary
point of view, can afford to
neglect a book which indicates
in so masterly a way the intellec-
tual, religious and economic
forces which are moulding
Chinese life to-day. China is
emerging from a state of politi-
cal, economic and social chaos.
The change is drastic. The
forces that are working for a
new China, of loftier ideals and
unimpaired vitality, are unseen
by those who depend on the
daily press for their knowledge.
This book gives some account
of “The New Tide of Thought,”
the “ Great renaissance move-
ment which is sweeping through
China to-day.”
The book consists of five ar-
ticles contributed by four of the
younger leaders of present-day
China, and two articles from
“The Life Journal,” the organ
of a group of Christian leaders
of the renaissance movement in
Peking.
Of the four leaders, one is
already known to many of
our readers. Rev. T. T. Lew,
M.A.,« B.D., Ph.D., is Dean
^Student Christian Movement. 2/6 net.
March, 1923.
of the Theological Faculty in Peking
University, pastor of a church, and editor
Dr. Timothy Tingfang Lew, and his wife.
Also Chinese ; and has the degree of M.A. (Columbia, New York). She
is also a qualified kindergarten teacher and a musician.
This photograph presented to Mr. Principal Chapman when leaving
China for furlough, and signed by Dr. Lew.


“China To-Day Through Chinese Eyes”
of “The Life Journal.”* “Dr. Lew is
recognized as one of the ablest and most
prophetic members in the Chinese
Church.” Professor Hu Shih, while not
a Christian, “has many Christian friends
and much of the spirit of Christ.” Pro-
fessor Y. Y. Tsu is a professor at St.
John’s University. “He is one of the
first Chinese theologians, and his clear
thinking and thorough knowledge and
understanding of Confucianism and Bud-
dhism are laying sound foundations for
the theology of the Chinese Church.”
Dr. Cheng Ching Yi is one of the
greatest figures in the Chinese Church.
“ He is recognised as a leader whom all
sections trust and delight to follow. He
knows more, about, and is probably more
representative of the Chinese Church
than any other Christian leader in China.”
Articles by four such outstanding men
deserve very earnest thought and con-
sideration. The more we who are es-
pecially interested in China can see
China through Chinese eyes the fewer
mistakes we are likely to make, and the
more effective will be our help.
The first article, “China to-day,” is
from “The Life,” and to those who, per-
haps often of necessity, arei dependent on
the daily papers for their knowledge, it
will come as a great revelation. We must
limit ourselves to two quotations :
“ There are abundant facts to convince us
that the whole nation is coming out of the
old self-satisfied state of mind, and striving
to push forward. Much of the inefficiency
is not a sign of inability, but rather a sign
of growth; for the nation is learning and
developing.” “ In the face of all difficulties
and the existing menace of economic exploi-
tation, the people have a profound faith in
the ultimate victory of truth and justice.”
It reviews the change in thought, in
educational work, and in religion in a
vivid and masterly way.
Dr. Lew’s article on China’s renais-
sance shows—as do all the others in
greater or less degree—a mastery of the
English language seldom attained by one
of foreign birth. He deals with the sub-
ject under the following headings : (1)
What is China’s Renaissance? (2) What
are the predominant notes of emphasis ?
(3) What are its chief activities? (4)
*See re his association with Wenchow College, p. 108, and
with National Christian Conference, p. 168-70, 1922. Ed.
What is it accomplishing? (5) What is
the significance for the religious life of
the people ? (6) What significance has it
for Christianity in China? (7) What is
its relation to the world-brotherhood of
students ? and (8) What hopes does this
movement inspire?
It is a great subject, written by one at
the living centre of the movement ; by
one whose whole thought from his early
teens has been on how best to serve his
God, his Church, and his country. The
subject is by no means dealt with super-
ficially, in spite of its brevity, but where
every sentence is. so full of meaning it is
difficult to quote. Under (6) Dr. Lew
says :
“ It is only blind prejudice or unscientific
partiality which could deny the various con-
tributions, however limited they may be in
scope, which Christianity has made to-
wards the social progress of China in the
last fifty years. The fight which Christians
waged against the evil of opium is a notable
one. The fact that the opium was intro-
duced into China at the point of the bayonet
by a Christian nation often overshadows
the heroic fight Christians put up through
all these years. The introduction of free
medical service according to scientific prac-
tices was another notable record.”
Later, in speaking of the raising of
the vernacular to the level of a literary
language, he says :
“Christian students are therefore urged to
work for a better and more perfect vernacu-
lar, in which to present Christian faith and
Christian thought, to interpret Christian ex-
perience, and to express Christian aspira-
tions. Under such pressure of encourage-
ment one can confidently look forward to
the production of an amount of new Chris-
tian literature, more expressive, more beau-
tiful, and more worthy of its content.”
The “Literary Revolution,” by Hu
Shih, “The Confucian God-Idea,” and
“Present Tendencies in Chinese Bud-
dhism,” by Y. Y. Tsu, are essays of great
significance, and very helpful in forming
the correct background against which to
view1 the new forward movement in
China, but will perhaps appeal to fewer
readers.
Then comes another reprint from “The
Life Journal”.— “The Impression of
Christianity made upon the Chinese
people through contact with the Christian
42


“ China To-Day Through Chinese Eyes ”
nations of the West.” This is a trenchant
criticism of all work—political, economi-
cal, educational and missionary—done in
China by the countries of the West. It
takes into account the present psychology
of the people, and shows how lack of
thought and knowledge is responsible for
many of the mistakes made by missionary
societies and their representatives.
The last essay, “The Chinese Church,”
is by Dr. C. Y. Cheng, Chairman of the
National Christian Conference, Shanghai,
1922. This is a charming'ly-frank expres-
sion of what the most cultured minds of
Chinese Christians think on this subject.
Dr. Cheng says :
“While there are many points of excel-
lence in the enriched Christian experience of
our friends of the West which we desire to
share and imitate, the time is fast coming
for the naturalization of the Christian
Church in order to secure a more speedy
Christianization of China. Christianity is
beyond and above racial and national dif-
ferences, and is capable of becoming indige-
nous in every land; Christianity in China is
therefore Chinese Christianity.”
He then goes on to point out the
problems that are facing the Church of
Christ in China at the present time—
which naturally fall into' two' groups,
those related to missions, and those re-
lated to the Church. These are dealt
with faithfully and frankly, but in a way
that only those whose ideas are like the
laws of the Medes and Persians can take
exception to. Dr. Cheng is au courant
with all the most effective ways of doing
missionary work and many missionary
societies are not. A careful study of this
essay would correct a great many erro-
neous impressions that so many people
have of the Chinese Church. Where all
is so good, it is difficult to quote ade-
quately, but the following will show some-
thing of the line of thought :
“ The Oriental Christian is beginning to
view the Christian message through his own
eyes, and to realize that Christ has come
to China not to destroy but to fulfil all that
is beautiful, good and true in the past. For
instance, the question of ancestor com-
memoration has been a subject often dis-
cussed at missionary meetings and confer-
ences. The general practice of the mission
churches has always been the rejection of
everything connected with this custom. This
has been one of the greatest hindrances to
many who would otherwise have joined the
Church and become its members. Thought-
ful Christians to-day are trying to show to
their non-Christian friends that, while they
reject all that is superstitious and idolatrous
in this commemoration, yet they wish to up-
hold and enrich all that which is in keep-
ing with the teaching of the Christian re-
ligion. Christian memorial services are
therefore held each year by Churches and
Christians to celebrate, in a Christian way,
the commemoration of departed parents.
“ While Christianity is an oriental re-
ligion, it has come to China by way of
Europe and America. It did not come in
its primitive simplicity, but with many ac-
cretions acquired during its spread in Wes-
tern lands.” “ Chinese Christians welcome
union in every possible way, and are only
held back from much closfer union by the in-
ability of their missionary friends to go
with them.”
In speaking of the matter of self-
government, Dr. Cheng says : “The
matter must be approached from the
point of view of helping the young Church
to begin to shoulder its own responsibili-
ties. Political methods and scheming for
power are unworthy of the object to be
attained.”
In dealing with the numerical strength
of the Chinese Church we read : “ But the
fact remains that the increase of the
Church is indeed small. Should not more
attention be paid to the discovery, the
training, the utilising, and the holding
for the Christian service of leaders not
paid by the mission or Church, men who
are willing to render to the cause of
Christ voluntary service? The task of
winning China for Christ must be the
burden of every one of all the 360,000
members of the Church before we can
hope for the accomplishment of this
gigantic task.”
After pointing out that “ More has been
written against the Christian faith, its
teaching, its organization and its fol-
lowers, in the last two or three years than
perhaps in all the past years combined,”
he asks :
“ Is the Church ready to meet this un-
usual situation? Where is the prophet of
the Lord that hears the message so much
needed at the present hour? Where is the
timely Christian literature that will really
meet the needs of the people who are seek-
ing for light and truth? Where are the
43


From the Mission House
leaders? Are the various Christian forces
sufficiently awakened to the significance of
the present situation Are they in thought
and act sufficiently united to capture the op-
portuniy and take a great advance? Think
of the results of success, or the consequences
of failure, to the Church as well as to the
nation ' ”
Truly a wonderful revelation of China
to-day—not the China of pigtails and
fans, not the China of comic opera ; but
the China of the New Birth, the China
of culture and Christlike ideals. With a
book of this kind there is but one thing to
do—get it and read it.

From the
Mission House.
Miao Our numerous friends who
Gratitude. contributed to the relief
of the Miao in their fqmine
distress will receive special pleasure in
reading the following communication
which has been addressed by our Miao
Church to their benefactors. Rev. W. H.
Hudspeth, B.A., has sent home the letter
with the brief statement that it was
handed to him by the Miao leaders. He
sends the original letter, written in the
Miao script invented by Mr. Pollard, to-
gether with the following translation.
“ To the
English-Mother-Church-Leaders . . .
friends whom we love and have helped us
in our need.
On behalf of the Miao Church which is
extremely poor we take this opportunity
of penning a letter to you. This month
representatives of all the Miao churches
gathered together to talk over the Grace
which has come to us. We remembered
you. As we assembled our mouths were
filled with laughter because this year
everybody has a harvest to reap, but, the
seed came from you. Had it not been
for you there would have been no har-
vest, since last year o-ur crops were a
failure. We therefore give grateful
thanks to our Heavenly Father, and we
also thank you for your goodness to us.
We are a very, very long distance from
you. We have not seen your faces, and
you have not seen ours, but we are able
to pray for one another. We therefore
pray that God the Father, Jesus Christ
and the Holy Spirit abide with you for
ever. (Signed) Yang Ya-kon.
Yang K’o-ch’ien.”
Rev.
C. STEDEFORD.
One needs but little imagination to feel
the force of this message. But when one
has seen, as I have seen, the bareness of
the hills where these people dwell, and
how hard it is to exact a living out of the
soil even under favourable conditions, one
realizes what a boon it must be for the
people to be delivered for a time from the
haunting spectre of want.
Rev. John During the last few
Hinds. months many sympathetic
thoughts and prayers have
gathered around Mr. and Mrs. Hinds, two
of our. veteran toilers from our North
China Mission. Ever since his arrival in
this country at the end of October Mr.
Hinds has been on the sick list. He has
spent six weeks in Guy’s Hospital, has
undergone one operation, and is now at
his home hoping to gain strength for
another operation which is necessary. It
is 45 years since Mr. Hinds first went to
China. No man has toiled more faith-
fully, loyally and devotedly in the service
of the mission. He has witnessed the
tremendous changes which have come
over China during the period of his
ministry, and he has always been ready
to lead in every advancing movement. His
latest prominent service in Tongshan was
to prepare for the erection of the Middle
School, which is one of the most urgent
needs in this important centre of Chinese
industrial and commercial life. He ac-
cumulated funds amounting to over
26,000 dollars, and since he has been in
England he has obtained additional sub-
scriptions. His valuable library of one
thousand volumes he presented to the new
College. This is only one of the ways
44


From the Mission House
in which his generous help has been given
to the new scheme. He continued his
labours with remarkable vigour both of
mind and body. Blessed with a sunny
disposition he has always shed cheerful-
ness around him as naturally as the
flowers emit their fragrance. Through-
out all the years he has had a perfect
helpmeet in Mrs. Hinds, who bears a
marked resemblance to her distinguished
father, Dr. W. Cooke, whose theology
was familiar to many of our older minis-
ters in the days of their youth. Our
honoured friends have borne their recent
ordeal with their characteristic courage,
and we all pray that for many years yet
they may be spared to serve the cause
they love.*
First Mr. Sheppard speaks very
Impressions commendably of his new
of Ningpo. colleague, Rev. A. A.
Conibear and the ardent
* See p. "18.
spirit with which he has entered upon his
work. As one whose roots strike deep
into the Bible Christian Church, the pre-
ferences of Mr. Conibear naturally turned
toward Yunnan, but with perfect loyalty
he accepted the Committee’s appointment
to Ningpo and does not regret doing so
as the following message from him
indicates.
“ After a month of painful consideration
of the Committee’s decision to send me
to Ningpo, I accepted the situation as the
will of God for me, and have since enjoyed
a growing realization that God’s ways
are higher than my own preferences. Up
to date I have almost completed a tour
of the entire District in company with
Mr. Sheppard, and have felt myself simply
growing into the work. Already I feel
that I belong to the place—that I belong
to the wonderful little churches and
schools that the great missionaries of the
past have succeeded in establishing. But
the number of towns and villages in our
IThos.'UHtier, J.P.
Meru Women returning
from their plantation. (See p. 60.)
45


From the Mission House
own area which are as yet untouched, and
the appalling contrast between the num-
ber of our church members and the popu-
lation of the neighbourhood makes me
realize that the work has only just begun.
We have just returned from a five-day
visit to the Nimrod Sound Circuit, where
the towns in which we have a footing have
an averag'e population of 3,000 families,
whereas our church members average
twenty individuals. This is a sufficient
commentary on the work that has to be
done. The tour of the District has neces-
sarily detracted from the time which
would otherwise have been spent in sys-
tematic language study,, but it has sup-
plied me' with many things which will aid
me in the study of the language—a
greater enthusiasm, a knowledge of the
requirements of the work, a familiarity
with the sounds of the spoken language,
etc., etc.”
For Mr. Conibear, and for all our
younger workers who1 are entering upon
their great tasks, let constant prayers
ascend.
Rev. F. B. Mr. Turner arrived in his
Turner new circuit, Tongshan,
arrives in where he succeeds Mr.
Tongshan. Hinds, at the end of
November. He encoun-
tered the unsettlement which war always
brings in its train. Strikes among the
miners and in the railway works had
caused considerable disturbance, and did
not close without large concessions being
made to the workmen. Mr. Turner says :
“China is being influenced for evil by
Bolshevics and others who indoctrinate
the people with the ideas which in Europe
so make for unrest and division. The
need is clamant of the message of peace
and good will which we bring. ’ ’ He also
says : “ It is good to be back in China ;
it feels like coming home ; it was a great
joy to be preaching in Chinese yesterday
and to have a thoroughly good time. ’ ’
We are expecting that during His;
present term Mr. Turner will see the erec-
tion and complete establishment of the
proposed new Middle School in Tongshan.
to which I have referred above.*
The We give a very hearty
Appointment welcome to Dr. Dingle as
of Dr. Lilian she resumes missionary
Dingle.i work. She is appointed to-
Chaotong, her former
sphere of service, where many hearts will
be gladdened by her coming. She will
succeed Dr. Bolton, who has been obliged
to resign on account of the altitude and
its effect upon his health. He is expected
to leave at the end of March, and he hopes
to continue missionary work in some other
field at a lower altitude. Dr. Dingle’s
departure has been delayed by the death
of her father, but she is now booked to
sail from London on April 14th, per the
Japanese boat “Katori Maru.”
Another Nurse Nurse B. Petrie Smith
for Wenchow sailed for Wenchow in the
Hospital. • “City of Poona,” which
left London on February
8th. (See next page).
* See also p. 48.—En.
*=9®
Two striking articles in the “ Missionary Review of the World ”
for February are “How a Missionary works in China” and
“ A Mission to the Aristocracy of India.”
46


My Call to the
Mission Field.
Nurse B. PETRIE SMITH.
IT is with a heart full of gratitude I
enter this New Year of 1923, that God
has fulfilled the great desire of my
life in sending me forth as a medical
missionary.
Brought up in the Salvation Army, I
have lived in an atmosphere of Christian
service, and at an early ag'e commenced
teaching in the Sunday School, going on
to more extensive duties, still chiefly
among young people.
On the last day of the old year, eleven
years ago, I left home to take up the
work of nursing. Soon after entering the
London Hospital I joined the Nurse’s
Missionary League as a volunteer mem-
ber, greatly wishing to become a mission-
ary, but hardly thinking it could ever be
possible. Every week the N.M.L. mem-
bers held meetings in the. nurses’ library,
when we would study missionary books,
and pray for and talk of the various parts
of the mission field. Once a month our
secretary, Miss Richardson, would come
to cheer and encourage and, whenever
possible, she brought with her a returned
missionary who had kindly consented to
come and speak to us. It was as I lis-
tened to1 the story of suffering of the
natives of other lands, and the great need
for English nurses to go to their succour,
and to the aid of the few doctors already
out in the mission field, that my desire
was fostered and strengthened.
But still I did not see my way clear,
and time was passing, and I felt my work
was to stay at home and pray for those
more fortunate ones who had been able
to go forth to the mission field.
Then came the call. Very distinctly,
one morning in April last, a voice seemed
to say to me, “Don’t waste any more
time in wishing. Offer yourself.” I felt
it was from God, and promised Him that
I would do so, and if I was accepted
would take it as a definite sign that it was
His will for me ; but if I was refused then
I would settle down to my duty in Eng-
land and do my part in “staying by the
stuff.” So I offered myself to the United
Methodist Missionary Society, the de-
nomination to which my parents used to-
belong, and in which as a child I was
baptized ; and have been accepted !
God’s ways are indeed wonderful, and
as I look back on how He has cleared
away difficulties and led me step by step
to the entrance of the mission field, I can
only stand and marvel. I am grateful
He has chosen one so unworthy to be His
messenger, and I trust I may be used of
Him in Wenchow, not only to be of ser-
vice to Dr. Stedeford and Nurse Ball
already there, but to be a soul-winner
amongst the Chinese.
The conditions and work awaiting me
will be different from any to which I
am accustomed, therefore I would ask the
prayers of those who read these words,
that the needed grace and wisdom may
be granted to enable me to overcome each
difficulty as it arises, and that my work
may be blessed by Him who overrules and
orders all things, and who “doeth all
things well.”
Yours, in the Master’s service,
Bessie Petrie Smith.
Miss B. Petrie Smith,
Wenchow, 1923—
47


Tongshan Notes.
TONGSHAN is the great industrial
centre of North China; and has
grown from a little village, when I
first knew it in 1879, to be a town of
DO, 000 inhabitants. The Chinese Govern-
ment railways have their engineering
works there; employing thousands of
hands.
The Chinese Cement Co. have also ex-
tensive works close by ; but the great com-
pany through which the place has been
built up is the Kailan Mining Administra-
tion, which, including their several coal
mines in the district employ 30,000 hands.
There are also native industries, as the
Pottery Works, Limeburning, and Brick
making, which give employment to
hundreds of workers. And lately a larg’e
cotton mill, furnished with foreign ma-
chinery, and under foreign management,
has been built, so there are great oppor-
tunities for Christian work in its various
branches.
When we first opened work at the place
there was a very strong anti-foreign feel-
ing, owing to the mining' Company closing
the native coal mines in the district, and
the villagers had made a compact not to
View within half a mile of our [Z)r. VV. E.
Compound at Chu Chia, which Plummer.
is on the left in the distance.
Rev. JOHN HINDS.
rent or sell any house or land property to
the mission. It was with great difficulty,
therefore, that we secured a little place
with thatched roof and earthen floors
wherein to reside, and where we com-
menced our work, and a night school for
the teaching of English, through which
we gradually gained the friendship of
some influential young men, who were a
help to us later on in securing suitable
premises for our evangelistic work. But
gradually the ill feeling died down, so
that to-day there is no lingering trace of it.
The Church from its initiation consisted
of willing workers, who took an active
part in market preaching and Bible sell-
ing : as soon as they heard they cried,
“ Come.”
Consequently the church is now not
only self-supporting, but also pays the
salary of a young preacher for out street
preaching room in New Street.
At first sight the church is a bit dis-
appointing, for the congregation is not a
large one. This, however, is accounted
for by the fact that several other churches
have been opened from Tongshan, thus
drawing off some of our best workers to
start the new causes. And two of these
places at least are flourishing churches ;
the membership at Wang pan Chuang ex-
ceeding that of the mother church.
Some years ago the church fell on
troublous times and the contributions
seriously declined, but some of the old
scholars came to the rescue, and with
their help, and that of other friends, the
deficiency was made good. And since then
the church has gone forward without a
look behind. The Sunday School has been
a great success, though it suffered some-
what by the giving up of the day school
owing to want of funds. The attendance
includes not only our young people, boys
and girls, but quite a good class of adults.
The Anglo-Chinese School, with the ex-
ception of coal and oil and sundries, pays
its way. The coal is not a big item, as
the company gives us a free grant of four
tons each year for winter use, and the
remainder we get at a cheap rate. The
new College will, I expect, be on the way
soon : the building will be commenced this
spring unless something untoward hap-
pens. Twenty-six thousand dollars have
48


Good Friday
been raised, and the rough estimate of the
cost is given as twenty thousand dollars,
but still a further sum will be needed for
furnishing and light and heat installation.
When finished it is expected that, apart
from the Principal’s salary, the school
will pay its way. The K.M.A. promise
two hundred dollars a year. I presume
we shall also have a grant from the
British Chambers of Commerce as given
to other middle schools. And these, with
the school fees, ought to make the insti-
tution independent of ho mb grants.
The College will supply a great need in
Tongshan, giving our young men a
chance they have not hitherto had, and
will be a powerful aid to our church work.
From the first opening of the work, on
the appointmtnt of a foreign missionary to
reside there, an English service for the
foreign residents has more or less regu-
larly been held on Sunday evenings.
And for the last three or four years an
English Bible class has been held every
Saturday afternoon, for the Christian
students of the Government Technical Col-
lege. (At present not in session owing to
the removal of the students to Shanghai.)
These are additional to the ordinary
work of the circuit. So the Tongshan
appointment is no easy one, but one that
will suit well an energetic worker like
Brother Turner.
<=$=• V
Good Friday.* March 30th.
“Only through Me!” . . The clear,
high call comes pealing ;
Above the thunders of the battle-
plain ;
“ Only through Me can Life’s red wounds
find healing;
Only through Me shall Earth have
peace again.
“Only through Me! . . Love’s Might,
all might transcending,
Alone can draw the poison-fangs of
Hate.
Yours the beginning!—Mine a nobler
ending
Peace upon Earth and Man regenerate !
“ Only through Me can come the great
awaking !
Wrong cannot right the wrongs that
Wrong hath done ;
* Written in and for war-time, but strangely applicable still.
—Ed.
Prayer Union.
“His spirit was stirred, within him when
he saw the city wholly given to idolatry.—
Acts 17 : 16.
Love took up the harp of Life and smote
on all tire chords with might:
Smote the chord of Self, that, trembling,
passed in music out of sight.
Hymns : —Tennyson.
Our Friend, our Brother, and our Lord.
The heavens declare Thy glory.
See how great a flame aspires.
Mar. 4.—Laoling Circuit. Rev. D. V.
Godfrey. Pp. 18,19 in Report. Acts28:l-ll.
Mar. 11.—Wenchow, Western Circuit.
Rev. W. R. Stobie. Pp. 34, 35. Acts
28 : 11-31.
Mar. 18.—Tong Chuan Circuit Rev.
C. N. Mylne. Pp. 40, 41. Acts 3 : 1-10.
Mar. 25.—Women’s work at Meru.
Miss Jennings (invalided home1), Miss Tay-
lor. Pp. 78-80. Acts 17 : 23-31. (See
pp. 59, 60.)
O God our Father, Who didst send Thy Son
to be the Saviour of all men and the Prince of
Peaee ; look, we pray Thee, in mercy upon the
nations of the world, and prosper all counsels
which make for righteousness and peace. For-
give what Thou hast seen in us of selfishness
and pride. Remove far from us the tempers
which provoke the spirit of strife ; and grant us
such a measure of the gentleness and patience
of Thy Son, that we may live peaceably with
all men and by Thy blessing be the makers of
peace. Through Jesus Christ our Lord, Amen,
» cjo
Only through Me, all other gods for-
saking,
Can we attain the heights that .must be
won.
“Only through Me shall Victory be
sounded ;
Only through Me can Right wield
righteous sword ;
Only through Me shall Peace be surely
founded ;
Only through Me ! . . Then bid Me
to the Board ! ”
* * * * *
Can we not rise to such great height of
glory ?
Shall this vast sorrow spend itself in
vain ?
Shall future ages tell the woeful story,—.
“ Christ by His own was crucified
a”ain ' John Oxenham.
49


Prof. Soothill’s delivered at the Rev
Lecture on “-srco“ J- s.'clemens,
“Buddhism”: 1922 b.a.d.d
IN the nature of things we do not ex-
pect to find United Methodists num-
bered amongst the professoriate of
one of our ancient universities ; but the
unexpected has happened, and the Rev.
W. E. Soothill, M.A., one of our veteran
missionaries in China, occupies the chair
of Chinese in the University of Oxford.
We all hailed his appointment at the time
with interest and gratification.
At the last Modern Churchmen’s Con-
gress, held at Oxford, Professor Soothill
was invited to contribute a paper on
“Buddhism,” and this contribution has
duly appeared amongst the proceedings of
the Congress recorded in The Modern
Churchman. The paper occupies, eleven,
pages of the magazine, and has also been
published separately ; and it merits notice
in our own columns both for its intrinsic
interest and the importance of its subject.
It is not to be wondered at that Pro-
fessor Soothill should garnish his opening
statement with a note of exclamation.
“My task,” he says, “is to explain Bud-
dhism in about half an hour ! ” One is
reminded of the famous request once
addressed to Dr. Joseph Parker, that he
would be good enough to “ explain the
doctrine of the Trinity on a post-card.”
“ On a post-card ! ” the doctor would re-
peat, in solemn scorn and with charac-
teristic shakings of his leonine head. So
here. Who would present any adequate
account of so vast a subject as Buddhism
“in about half an hour”? And, still
further, how could anyone expect a
valuable contribution on the important
question : “What has Christianity to offer
that Buddhism does not supply?” as pro-
pounded in the lecture, when it is limited
to just two pages out of the eleven ? These
limitations, therefore, must be clearly kept
in mind in considering the lecture lying
before us.
It is well to remember that this great
form of religious faith is not of yesterday.
Five or six centuries before Christ came
into the world it sprang out of the ancient
and fruitful stock of Hinduism. Long
before the star of Christianity rose in the
sky, the star of Buddha, the Enlightened
One, was shining in the heavens and
proving a guide to multitudes of people in
Eastern lands. In its light they lived : in
its light they died. The propagation of
the faith, moreover, was marked by “an
enthusiasm, self-abnegation and success,
which the history of Christendom cannot
surpass, and ”—let this be well marked—•
“it is the only one of the universal reli-
gions that never sought to propagate itself
by force or persecution, even when it had
the power ” (Principal Grant). As Prof.
Soothill also says : “ it has tamed savage
tribes, given unlettered nations their
alphabets and literature, introduced art
and architecture, developed an extensive
and intricate philosophy and advocated
non-resistance and peace. It has developed
the moral character of nations and peoples
and brought comfort into the lives of
many millions.” And elsewhere he testi-
fies again : Buddhism in the East “ is
strongly entrenched and influences, mostly
for good, the lives of nearly a third of the
human race.”
So, then, there is evidently here a vast
system, a religious phenomenon of the
greatest magnitude, which calls for the
closest study and consideration possible.
We are told, indeed, by observers that
know something of life in the East at first
hand, of multitudes of shortcomings in
the life and conduct of Buddhist people.
One witness (speaking specially of
Japan)* says : “the accepted standards as
regards truthfulness and purity are very
low.” Another points to the corrupt lives
and the illiteracy of many of the Buddhist
priests. Another says : “Lying and com-
mercial dishonesty prevail widely.” Yet
another : “The use of intoxicating drinks
. is widespread and leads to
serious evils. ” And so on with the pitiful
tale. But is it for us Christian people to
throw stones ? Is the history of the Chris-
tian Church, is the condition of life in
Christendom to-day, so free from
blemishes that we can afford to take a
superior attitude toward such features in
the lives of those professing another
* From lhe Proceedings of the Edinburgh Missionary
Conference, 1910. Vol. iv.
50


Missionary Propaganda
faith? These are failing's common in one
way or another to our poor human nature
wherever found, if the principle of a lofty
and vigorous religion is not operative. As
we should wish our faith to be judged by
its noblest teachings as embodied in the
scriptures, and by the devoted lives of
those who have sincerely embraced it, so
should we take into account the ideal
presented in the sacred books of the
Buddhist and in the best fruits exhibited
in the life and character of those who have
striven to follow in the way.
The problem as to the exact relation in
which Christianity stands to Buddhism is
not one to be solved in a moment. A
fundamental note struck by the latter is
renunciation, the extinction of desire. Its
most passionate hope is Nirvana—the
escape from personal being. And is
there not an echo of such teaching to be
found in more than one passage in our
own sacred scriptures? To quote only
one: “Love not the world, neither the
things that are in the world. If any man
love the world, the love of the Father is
not in him. For all that is in the world,
the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the
eyes and the pride of life, is not of the
Father, but is of the world. And the
world passeth away and the lust thereof ;
but he that doeth the will of God abideth
for ever.” Gautama (the Buddha, par
excellence} would surely have warmly
adopted such language so far as it ex-
presses the vanity of the world, although
that gentle spirit might have been per-
plexed by the reference to a “Father”
and to abiding for ever.
For, on the other hand, the dominant
note in our scriptures is an intense yearn-
ing for a fuller personality and richer
life. “ Eternal life ” is the great watch-
word ; it is the supremest “gift” offered
to men. And this in a sense that takes
full account of the problem of pain, sor-
row, vanity, “the weary weight of all this
unintelligible world,” and still is un-
abashed. This is the message, the evan-
gel of Jesus, Christ, to be offered to all
men without distinction. This is the
message for the Buddhist. And the
curious points of analogy to be observed
in the two religions (however to be ex-
plained) should only be taken advantage
of in pressing upon the Buddhist the
claims of the Christian faith for his
acceptance.
Professor Soothill has given a sympa-
thetic outline of Buddhism as far as his
limits would allow. He speaks warmly
of the temples and their use. “ I wish we
had equally beautifully hostels here for
rich and poor,” he says. “The magni-
ficent temples of Kandy [and other
places], the myriads of temples and
monasteries scattered over the East, are
all indicative of a crying human need. I
would not destroy a single one of them.
Rather would I have them fulfil the pur-
poses of God in the religious welfare of
men.”
As has been indicated above, it is par-
ticularly in his exposition of the Christian
message that he leaves, something to be
desired. And in point of lucidity of ex-
pression also there is here and there some-
thing lacking. Take, e.g., the seventh
point out of the twelve which he specifies
in the offer of Christianity. “ In place of
the incorrect premiss that all existence is
suffering, we can show that most of life
for all God’s creatures is free from pain,
and that the revelation of Divine sonship
is actually removing not only actual pain
but its cause. To this we call our hospi-
tals and hygiene to witness, as well as the
lives of men and women changed for ser-
vice. Would not any ordinary reader feel
that a little more light was needed on this
point?
Missionary Propaganda.
“ Four significant facts ” emphasised by
our Secretary in his Notes for February
have been reprinted by the Home Organi-
sation Committee. Will those secretaries
who desire copies for free distribution or
insertion in letters please apply to the Rev.
James Ellis, Rosewaye, Newington, Sit-
tingbourne ?
This is but a continuance of the work
of the Committee. E.g., for several years
illustrated window bills have been avail-
able, and will be supplied free on applica-
tion to Mr. Ellis. Other developments of
this important department will be an-
nounced, and information will be sent to
the Distrct Missionary Secretaries.
51


Bookland
The Observatory.
Rev. A. H. Sharman.
HE recent terrible typhoon in Wen-
chow almost synchronised with the
complete breakdown of Mr. and
Mrs. Heywood. Mr. Heywood was given
consent in June to come home when
it should be needful. He and Mrs. Hey-
wood reached home in November, and
they are gradually gaining strength.
When this incident transpired and the
typhoon followed, Mr. Sharman said he
would go out to China alone, at any rate
for the period of Mr. Heywood’s fur-
lough. It had been emphasised to tire
point of pain that Mr. Stobie was stand-
ing alone with the care of over 250
churches.
Mr. Sharman has been serving at home
as deputation since his compulsory return
for health reasons in 1919. His only son
has been under special medical treatment
for several years, and it was not possible
to leave him entirely to the care of Mrs.
Sharman. However, the grave condition
in Wenchow seemed to be the voice of
God in a great emergency and heroically
Mr. Sharman left our shores early in this
year. We pray for him and those he
leaves behind.
He entered our ministry in 1893. After
a few years in home work he went to
Wenchow in 1899, where he has con-
tinued ever since. He has rendered us
faithful and excellent service. He was in
the agony of the great typhoon of 1912,
and is now in the 24th year of his foreign
service. We deeply sympathise with him
in the pathetic experiences of the last
few years.
On the Sea.
It will be remembered that the Rev.
C. E. and Mrs. Hicks and the Rev. W.
Tremberth left our shores for China on
December 1st. On January 13th we had
a letter sent by Mr. Hicks from Colombo,
and on the 23rd one from Mr. Tremberth
from Singapore.
They had so far had a most pleasant
and health-promoting voyage, and were
expecting to reach Shanghai about
January 6th. Mr. and Mrs. Hicks would
leave the “Atsatu Maru ” at Hong Kong
and take boat for Haiphong, and then
train for Yunnan Fu, Mr. Tremberth pro-
ceeding to' Ningpo.
The EDITOR.
The Bristol Meetings.
Words cannot reveal the warmth of the
welcome accorded to the Deputation in
Bristol Jan. 16-19. A full report has
appeared in the “United Methodist,” and
our space is limited. All our readers will
rejoice that Mr. and Mrs. Butler have
placed themselves at the disposal of the
churches, and they will accompany the
Secretary in the visitation of the Dis-
tricts. Already some arrangements are
made. May God’s blessing rest upon
these gatherings, may the fervour of those
who love missions be deepened, and more
hearts beat in unison with the Divine pur-
pose of our Lord. A high ideal is set
before us : not greater than the demand
warrants. May the spirit of Jesus pene-
trate more and more the League of
Nations, and may our erewhile victories
be amply repeated. This will be if our
churches display “the invisible patriotism
of surrender and servee.”
-J-
Bookland.
“The Romance of Pitcairn Island.”* (1)
The Rev. W. Y. Fullerton has re-
written the old and fascinating story of
Pitcairn. It is worth telling, though 160
years have passed. So we are taken
back to John Adams, and the wondrous
events of his life. The story is well told
and finely illustrated. It was told in our
columns in 1916 by the late Rev. J. E.
Arnold, to which we may refer our
readers.
“Peter Playne.” * (2)
An excellent story by Edward Seaman,
anl also well illustrated. Peter and David
are the prominent characters, and they
are both keen on missions ; the former
the son of a missionary. A characteris-
tic chapter is “Peter among the savages.”
‘St ewart of Lovedale.”* (3)
Our Baptist friends have wisely fol-
lowed their sixpenny books on Mary
Slessor, Grenfell of Labrador, and Ion
Keith Falconer, by one on Stewart. Ad-
mirable ! By Cuthbert McEvoy, M.A.
T e Carey Press. (1) 2s. 6d. (2) 3s. 6d. (3) 6d.
52


A Warless World—An Appeal
to Fellow Christians and
Sister Churches of all Lands.
By the Friends’
Peace Committee.
HE small fraction of the Christian
Church which ventures to address
this appeal to you, does so in a
spirit of fervent hope that we may give
our united strength whole-heartedly to
uphold and advance the standards of
peace which some followers of Christ
have long cherished as a fundamental
Christian principle.
Christianity seems to us to face a grave
crisis and a divine duty. In this after-
math of history’s most terrible war, we
see two paths before us. One leads in-
evitably to another war by renewed pre-
paredness of the most efficient military,
economic, educational and religious
means of waging it. The other beginsi
with a complete rejection of war, and of
all preparations for it, for any purpose
and against any people; it demands
definite organization for peace.
These two paths lie in opposite direc-
tions ; we cannot possibly follow them
both. There is no shadow of doubt on
which of them are found the footprints
and the sign-posts of Jesus Christ our
Lord. Christ would not send His disciples
where He Himself does not lead. “ Fol-
low Me ” has been for ever His watch-
word. Shall not then the Christian Church
follow its Leader with perfect loyalty
along this path ?
Such loyalty to Christ is consistent with
loyalty to one’s native land. The higher
loyalty includes the lower, and gives to
it all its best and brightest substance.
The Christian’s love of country finds its
source, its inspiration and its direction in
his love of God and his fellow-men.
Christ taught the fatherhood of God and
the brotherhood of man ; His church
transcends all divisions of nationality, all
prejudices and hatreds of nation for
nation and of class for class. It must
rise to the height of its divinely-given
mission. It must not depend on the
leadership of generals or admirals, or
financiers ; nor await the changing poli-
cies of statecraft. In time of war, as in
time of peace, it must keep its eye single
to God’s commands, and must draw con-
stantly its Founder’s immortal and stu-
pendous contrast between that which is
Cassar’s and that which is God’s.
As Christians, we are striving for “ a
war-less world.” We are firmly convinced
that this can be achieved only by refusal
to participate in war, simply and suffi-
ciently because war is by its very nature
at variance with the message, the spirit,
and the life and death of Jesus Christ.
We unite in supporting treaties of
arbitration and conciliation, limitation
and reduction of armaments, international
courts of justice, a league or association
of nations for the preservation of peace.
This is well. It is a great achievement
for statesmen to accomplish these things,
but it is not sufficient for the Christian
Church.
A principle is greater than any or all
of its applications. The fundamental
peace principle of Christianity demands
the utter rejection of war, unequivocally
and without compromise. With this
principle in its charter, the Christian
Church can always utter a clear and un-
unmistakable verdict on any specific
measure of statesmanship that is pro-
posed ; it will not be misled or coerced,
by argument or by force, into participa-
ting in any kind or degree of preparation
for war, or into lending the sanction of
Christianity to the waging of any war
whatsoever.
The achievement of all the great moral
reforms in history has awaited the de-
velopment of a deep religious conviction
in the hearts of the people. Vital, un-
compromising Christianity when applied
to great moral issues, has never failed to
bring the Kingdom of Heaven on Earth
another step nearer to realization.
The most pressing reform of our time
is to abolish war, and to establish ex-
clusively peaceful meansi of settling dis-
putes and promoting co-operation among
the nations. These peaceful means can-
not prevail until the nations beat their
swords into plougshares and learn war
no more. To accomplish these results the
Christian Church in practice and profes-
sion must condemn the whole system of
53


Why Disturb the Non-Christian Races ?
war unequivocally and finally, relying,
not upon armed preparedness, but upon
the awakened conscience of mankind.
Fellow Christians, we can scarcely
exaggerate the loss and suffering of the
great War. There is a bitter Macedonia
cry in our afflicted time for physical help
and healing, but far more for the things
of the Spirit—for faith, and hope, and
love. What greater message of cheer and
reconstruction could be brought to man-
kind to-day than the assurance that all
who bear the name of Christ in every
land have solemnly resolved to have no
part in war or in preparation for war,
but henceforth to work unitedly for peace
by peaceful means alone? Shall we not
make this venture of faith together in the
love that beareth all things, believeth all
things, hopeth all things, endureth all
things, and that never fails? Shall the
torch of spiritual heroism be borne by the
Church of the living Christ, or shall
leadership in the utter rejection of war
pass from our hands to men of braver
and truer spirit ? Which Master shall we
who call ourselves Christians be known
by all the world to serve, the Go.d of
Battles or the Prince of Peace?
Copies of the Appeal may be had on
application to The Friends’ Peace Com-
mittee, 136 Bishopsgate, E.C. 2.
Why Disturb the By Rev
Non-Christian Races ? james capes story.
There is a g’olden thread that runs through
every religion in the world.—Ralph Waldo
Trine.
DVOCATES of Christian missions
adopt various methods. They
dwell upon the imperativeness of
our Lord’s command ; they set forth the
conditions of life in other lands ; they
show the dense darkness, the compara-
tive wretchedness, and consequent crying
needs of backward peoples ; they exhibit
false gods ; they tell interesting and ex-
citing stories, and generally endeavour to
show how different in almost all respects
the heathen are from ourselves.. So great
a theme lends itself to various ways of
instructive treatment. But there is
another line, not so often chosen, • which
for me has a great attraction. I strongly
desire to hear of the good our mission-
aries find in the people to whom they are
sent to minister. Men, women, and chil-
dren, are at least human. They must
possess individual, parental, filial, family
characteristics which bear some resem-
blance to our own : and they must have
traits of village and city communal life of
which we do not often hear, but which
would interest us very much if we did.
And what about their thoughts on life and
conduct, death and destiny, time and
eternity ; that which Wordsworth would
include in his familiar lines :
The weary and the heavy weight
Qf all this unintelligible world?
A writer has asked : “When will mis-
sionaries tell us of the good they find as
well as of the evil ? It is the struggling
overborne goodness that would most ap-
peal to our sympathies. It is the smoul-
dering embers of not-yet-burnt-out vir-
tues that would stimulate us to add the
gospel flame.” It was in agreement with
these remarks that a missionary in India
once said : “ Call them heathen who will,
but from what I know of their hearts they
do not seem to be forsaken by the Divine
Spirit.” Now this is a fact too little con-
sidered. We ought not to represent non-
Christian races as without a glimmer of
light. John said : “The light shone in the
darkness ; and the darkness apprehended
it not.”
Largely as a most valuable result of
missionary labours, we have come to
possess two new sciences, namely : that of
Comparative Philology ; and that of Com-
parative Religion. Thanks to the late
Max Muller, and other scholars, we are
becoming acquainted with the sacred
books of the Non-Christian Religions.
For as regards the great and most ancient
systems of faith apart from Christianity,
it is well known that these exist. As we
have our Bible, so has Brahminism its
Vedas, Mohammedanism its Koran, and'
Confucianism its Four Writings. From
all these, beautiful and impressive sayings
can be gathered. Quoting from Clodd’s
excellent book on “ The Childhood of


Why Disturb the Non-Christian Races ?
Religions,” I will give a few instances.
Take this on the Omnipresence of God :
“The great Lord of these worlds sees
as if he were near. If a man thinks he
is walking by stealth, the gods know it
all. If a man stands, or walks, or hides,
if he goes to lie down, or gets up, what
two people sitting together whisper, King
Varuna knows it, he is there as a third.”
Or take this on man’s sinfulness :
“Through want of strength, thou
strong and bright god, have I gone
wrong. Have mercy, almighty, have
mercy !
“ Whenever we men, O Varuna, commit
an offence against the heavenly host,
whenever we break the law through
thoughtlessness, punish us not for that
offence.”
On one occasion, when asked what is
the greatest blessing? Buddha said : “The
succouring of mother and father ; the
cherishing of wife and child ; the follow-
ing of a lawful calling; the giving of
alms ; a religious life ; aid rendered to
relations ; blameless acts ; this is the
greatest blessing. The eschewing of in-
toxicating drinks ; the abstaining from
sins ; diligence in good deeds, reverence,
humility, contentment, and gratitude, this
is the greatest blessing. Those who have
done these things become invincible on
all sides, attain happiness on all sides, and
this is the greatest blessing.”
Or, again, take this on Consistency :
“ Like a beautiful flower full of colour,
but without scent, are the fine but fruit-
less words of him who does not act
accordingly. But like a beautiful flower
full of colour and full of scent are the fine
and fruitful words of him who does act
accordingly.”
Or, again, On thinking lightly of evil :
“Let no man think lightly of evil, say-
ing in his heart it will not come near me.
Even by the falling of water-drops a
water-pot is filled. The fool becomes full
of evil even if he gathers it little by little.”
Or, again, this on Worship:
“Worship as though the deity were
present. He who offends against heaven
has none to whom he can pray. If my
mind is not engaged in my worship, it is
as though I -worshipped not. Coarse rice
for food, water to drink, the bended arm
for a pillow, happiness may be enjoyed
even with these; but without virtue,
riches and honour seem to me like a pass-
ing cloud.
Or, once again, a saying from one of
the Four Writings of Confucius :
“ What I do not wish men to do to me,
I also wish not to do to men.”
The reader may say : that is sur-
prisingly near the saying of our Lord. So
at first it appears ; but, as has been well
remarked, there is all the difference be-
tween a positive and a negative ; between
do and do not. All the same, there are
those who will probably say if non-Chris-
tians possess such excellent teaching as
this, why disturb them? Besides, may it
not be that each religion has its special
adaptation to climate and race? Con-
fucianism to the Chinese, Brahminism
and Buddhism to the Hindoos, and
Our first Scholar at the [Rev. B. J. Ratcliffe.
Outschool. Katheri, Meru.
(See Feb. pp. 35-7.)
55


Now he knows!
Mahommedanism to the Arab and kindred
races ? Whilst Christianity is evidently
the religion suitable to the more vigorous
peoples of the Western world. What is
our reply? We say doubtless these
ancient systems of religious belief and
practice have some adaptability to the
races among which they obtain, or they
would not have stayed so long, while yet
they accomplish so little good. But Chris-
tianity, unlike all other religions, is not a
system of special adaptation, but one of
certain and wide suitability to all.
The non-Christian peoples need our
help to bring to their knowledge such
light on matters of faith and prac-
tice as they already possess. For,
strange as the statement may seem, it is
to the missionaries that the credit of the
discovery of this light is largely due.
Such wise and striking sayings as I have
quoted are, we are told, found buried in
their own sacred books among masses of
rubbish.
We have higher truths to take to them.
God whom they are feeling after, we can
declare. In particular it is laid upon us
to show them how some of their own
teachings prepare the way for, and are ful-
filled in, Jesus our Lord.
The teaching the Hindus receive is
that man must be lost in God, taken up
into Him. Be “twice born,” as they say ;
separated from the animal and earthly
life; clearly pointing to the Christian
teaching as to the new birth, and of holi-
ness : “The pure in heart shall see God.”
All these systems have the idea of the
gods taking human form, and thus com-
ing to the help of man. The Acts of the
Apostles show that in Paul’s time the idea
was a prevalent one. We have to make
known the real coming of our Lord and
Saviour. The Chinese in their reverence
for ancestors, and for antiquity generally,
are waiting to hear of Him who is the
Ancient of Days. Even the idols of the
barbarian show that he craves a god, or
gods, of some sort; and though the sort
he makes for himself is unspeakably,
pitiably poor, it does but show that “the
heathen in his blindness ” is but eagerly
waiting the coming of the Church’s mes-
sengers, who, under God, can not only
give him Christian truth but can give him
eyes to see and understand it.

Now he knows!
HE Miao are greatly afraid of
dreams. They believe dreams fore-
tell impending calamity—especially
should the dream be of persons or demons.
On Sundays, the women will frequently
come to the chapel at Stone Gateway and
ask the missionary to pray that the
dreams might not “come true.” The mis-
sionary endeavours to assure the folk
there is nothing to be afraid of, in dreams.
The women, however, refuse to be con-
vinced and beg to be prayed for. When
this is done, the Miao return to their mud
homes reassured that Jesus will prevent
harm coming to them. Sometimes in their
terror the women cannot wait for Sunday
to come, and on a week-day will hurry to
the missionary’s home to be prayed for.
One day a Miao woman came to Mr.
Parsons at Stone Gateway. She was
greatly agitated. “Oh, teacher, do pray
For the Young Folk.
with me ; I am so afraid ; I have seen the
devil, and I am sure something awful is
about to happen to me.” Before she left
the house the missionary prayed with her
and she returned home quietened and less
fearful. But before she went, he would
try and find out what horrible and terrify-
ing object the woman had seen. He
thought it would be interesting to hear
what the visitor appeared like, to an
aborigine ; so he questioned the woman.
“What was the devil like? What sort
of a face and figure had he? How was
he dressed? ” and so forth. But the lady
was baffled ; try as she would she could
not describe the awful thing she had
seen. At last, as a complete and final
answer, she replied: “Well, Teacher, he
was just like . . you.”
Hy. Parsons.
56


“ Not Ashamed.”
Romans i. 16
The Treasurer’s Statement.
In presenting the following list received
from the Treasurer we would specially
emphasise the meagre remittances in
item 1. Surely Treasurers can do better
than this, within two months of the end
of the financial year !
The total cash received from all sources
for the ordinary Foreign Mission Fund to
January 31st, 1923, is as follows :
Circuit Totals £2686 2 3
W.M.A 1082 1 9
Special Income from Confer-
ence Collections, etc. ... 1251 19 0
Wenchow Fund 1987 1 3
For Other Special Work ... 83 3 0
Interest from Investments... 756 10 7
Sundries, Cash repaid, etc. 429 0 9
£8275 18 7
Special £30,000 Fund:
received to January 31st : £22,560 2 9
The Mission Call.*
What should I give? What can God
need from me?
When His are all the earth and sky and
sea.
What worth to Him my little would be?
He wants me too.
Why should I go? Archangels He could
send
To bear His word to earth’s remotest
end ;
Yet “Go ye” comes the call to me, His
friend,
He wants me too.
Why should I pray? My feeble voice
Him move?
Bends He to me His listening ear in love?
Yes, when I cry, He answers from above,
He wants me too.
“ Am with you alway ! All the power, ’ ’
then “Go! ”
His final message. Shall I be so slow
I shall not do His will? Enough to know
He wants me too.
* Quoted in Miss Armitt's letter home.
A Missionary Echo.
(The echo by invisible children.)
Dear Echo, we ask you to tell us to-day
If, in sending glad tidings to lands far
away
Of our blessed Redeemer, there’s work
for us, too?
O say if there’s much for the children to
do?
(Echo) There’s much for the children to
do.
To send these glad tidings we’ve often
been told,
God’s servants are asked for their silver
and gold.
We’ve only our mites : does our Father
in heaven
Say, “Let even these to the heathen be
given."
(Echo) Even these to the heathen be given.
Enough then, dear Echo, we ask nothing
more :
We’ll work and we’ll give, and our
Saviour implore :
Till all heathen children one grand chorus
swell,
Singing, “Glory to God in the highest! ”
Farewell!
(Echo) Glory to God in the highest!
Farewell.
“ Not Ashamed.” Rom. i. 16.
Grant a fuller, clearer vision,
Of Thy Christ to every heart,
Quickening us for His glad service
When we work and watch apart.
Everywhere His Cross uplifted !
Everywhere His flag unfurled !
Keep Thy Church a faithful witness
To Thy truth throughout the world.
Patient toil, and high endeavour,
Weakness leaning on Thy might,
Walking through earth’s mists and dark-
ness
As the children of the light ;
Hearts on fire with Thy great message—
Love that pardons, grace that freesi—
True to Thee, and to each other,
Clasping hands across the seas.
Part of a hymn published at the time of the Pan-Anglican
Congress. 1908, sung at a memorable Conference of British
Missionary Societies at Swanwick. Try it to “ Hyfrydol.”
57


Mrs. J. B. BROOKS, B.Litt.
Thank you, Mrs. Butler!
Writing, after her visit to Bristol for
the Foreign Missionary Committee, where
Mrs. Butler, along with the other mem-
bers of the Deputation, received a very
hearty welcome home, Miss Fanny Ash-
worth says :
“ It was a happy thing for the W.M.A.
that our Ex-President should be one of
the Deputation to visit China and East
Africa. S-he has returned to us filled with
enthusiasm. Having realized the need
of our sisters abroad she feels it is for us
to rise to our opportunity of serving them.
As an Auxiliary we very heartily wel-
come Mrs. Butler’s return and all tire
fresh knowledge she will bring to us ; we
are equally indebted to Mr. Butler, who
is reproducing for us by lantern slides the
work that is being done amongst women
and girls. It was delightful to have pic-
tures of the girls’ schools so full of
promise these young people looked ; and
to gaze, too, upon the native Bible women
(some of them veterans in service), we
bowed our heads in thankfulness at what
they had been able to accomplish. We
had evidence of this in the photographs
of assembled congregations, some of
these taken when the deputation had ap-
peared on the scene unexpectedlyi there-
fore might be taken as representing
average size.
The visit of a lady from the mother
church was greatly appreciated. Can we
understand what it meant? One ex-
pressed herself by saying ‘ It is as though
I had received my Lord.’ Do not these
words humble us, and drive a lesson
home to members of the W.M.A. ? We
are looked upon to represent Jesus, and
often we do it so unworthily,
The Girls’ School, North China.
Miss Turner, writing from Chu Chia
Tsai, Shantung, says :
“We have thirty-five boarders in the
school, and about as many day girls on
the books, the average attendance being
about twenty-six. The women go on
quietly with their school work, and four
.days each week they go out to adjacent
villages, one with each Bible-woman.
The best of my nice big girls have
not returned, and these are truly an
“awkward squad : there are some good
ones amongst them though, and we shall
get a few corners rubbed off by and by.
It was just the same after my last
furlough.”
It is rather hard to go back to the
school and find one’s best pupils gone—to
have to make a fresh start without the
stimulus of their presence. This experi-
ence is often the teacher’s portion and
calls for great faith and courage. Still,
though the ‘ nice big girls ’ are not now
in the school, we hope and believe that
the school is in them, and that they will
carry with them and express in their lives
something of the grace and virtue of the
school teaching and atmosphere. May
this thought be Miss Turner’s inspiration
and joy;!
Miss Turner also describes a special
Bible school gathering of women held
after the annual District meeting.
“For this about twenty-nine women
came from outside villages, and a few
from' this one joined them each morning,
while the afternoon meetings in the
women’s part of the chapel were well
attended.
We began the day with prayers all to-
gether (i.e., women and school girls) at
7.15 ; breakfast, 8; reading, 9—10.30;
‘ The Christian Home ’ : The training of
children, 10.45—11.45 ; reading, 2—3,
and an open evangelistic service, 3.30—
4.30. This was really a Catechism Hui
(gathering), for all studied it each morn-
ing, and the afternoon addresses were
‘ Lessons from the Catechism. ’ The re-
58


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
mainder of the time was spent in private
study, hymn practice, and quiet talks.
Pastor Li and some. of the other
workers took the afternoon work along
•with me, and all the Bible school women
helped each morning. The Rev. D. V.
Godfrey gave us a lantern service which
was most impressive.
At the end of the session eight were
baptised, most of whom had given in their
names as enquirers last year. There was
a high tone throughout, and we hope they
will pass on at least some part of what
they learnt to their home frends.”
The Women and
Girls of Meru.
Mrs. Worthington writes :
“The W.M.A. is a real live thing, and
we have realized how valuable its help
has been, as I was enabled by the gifts
received from the Auxiliary to start a sew-
ing class right away. It was a great joy
to me to see seventeen girls on the mis-
sion when I returned after furlough in
1919.
We had a difficult time trying to train
these girls. Some we lost, as the lure
of their native life was too strong for
them. We hope to win them back some
day. Others we kept, and I am glad to
Mrs, Worthington and Girls’
Sewing Class at Meru.
[Rev. R, T. Worthington.
say we have eight of them married now
to our own mission boys, and some of
them are also baptised Christians. Some
could not wait for Christian marriage, so
we arranged for them to be married
civilly by our District Commissioner at
the Government office. Several others
have been married in the church. This is
a great achievement, to have instituted
Christian marriage in a land where the
popular idea of woman and marriage is so
low. These Christian weddings were
made occasions of great rejoicing, as all
on the mission station were invited to the
ceremony and to a feast afterwards. The
native women did the cooking, and sent
to me for anything they needed.
It was a good augury for the happiness
of the newly-married pair, as contrasting
with the scenes of lewdness and drunken
rioting characteristic of a native wedding.
The ceremony was a g-reat ordeal for the
bride. Her responses were scarcely
audible, and when she signed the register
her hand trembled so, that I had to
guide it.
Frequently during these years we have
been almost reduced to despair on account
of the opposition we have encountered.
It is impossible to abolish all native cus-
tome with a clean sweep, however hor-
59


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
ri'ble they may seem to us. We must first
bring the natives to understand that we
have brought something much better with
which to replace their old evil ways. This
we find we can do more effectively by such
means as training in domestic pursuits
than by limiting ourselves to the teaching
we can give in church and school.
Imagine a people living under the
crudest conditions, who know no law save
that of unbridled passion, and you will
realize how important it is to occupy their
minds with healthy pursuits.
We believe that a great work can be
done among the Meru women which will
have a far greater value than will be seen
in this generation. Such examples as we
have already on the mission fill us with
hope for thel future of womanhood and of
family life in the land to which we have
taken the Gospel.”
A Story from Meru.
Miss Taylor sends an account of a
striking incident which occurred on one
of her journeys to visit the out-school,
built and opened last year at Njuki-njiru,
about seven miles from Meru.
She writes : “ A native girl and a native
teacher accompanied me. We were just
a little over half way there, when a native
woman came running along, screaming
and tearing at her head. I stopped her,
and asked what was the matter, and she
told me her son had just died. Before I
could say another word she had run off. A
few steps farther on we neared the village
where this woman evidently lived. There
was a fearful noise of wailing women. I
asked the native girl who was with me
the reason for this, and she told me that
when a person died all the relatives and
friends in the village made this awful wail-
ing noise until night. Then, at night, the
dead body is thrown out into the bush
where it is eaten by hyenas, and the
house where the dead body has been is
burnt.
As we approached the village I deter-
mined to go in. First of all the native
teacher showed me the house where the
dead body was lying. The house was
made of dried leaves, and was a little
apart from the mud huts of the village
people. We went into the village, and I
saw several women lying face-downwards
on the ground, wailing and beating the
ground with their hands.
I spoke to them, succeeded in quieting
them, and then tried to tell them some-
thing of the love of Jesus, and how, if
we believed in Him, He would take us to
Heaven, and there we should meet all our
friends and relations who had gone before.
I was very nervous, for my Kimeru is not
perfect by any means, but God helped me,
and I gained confidence as I went along.
My arrival had raised the curiosity of
the men folk, and they gathered near the
little clearing where I was trying to com-
fort the woman. Seeing an opportunity,
I seized it. I told the native teacher to
call all the people he could see into this
clearing. When they came, I tried to
tell them of Jesus. Then I asked Julius,
the native teacher, to pray. This he did,
and the people—about twenty—were so
quiet that one could have heard a pin
drop. After the prayer we rose from our
knees, and I said a few parting words to
the women. I do not know if any seed
took root, but we certainly left the village
considerably quieter than when we entered
into it.
This is only an incident that happened
“by the way,” but it set me pondering.
How I wished that I could have painted
the scene so vividly that hearts at home
would be touched, and would respond to
the need of Christ here as we see the
need ! How I wish that I could bring
home to some folk in England the fact
that the Master must be weeping over
some parts of Africa to-day as he wept
over Jerusalem !
Brothers and sisters in England, will
you minister as Christ ministered when
he lived amongst men ? Will you pray
as Christ prayed in Gethsemane? Will
you sacrifice as Christ sacrified for you
upon the Cross, that the people that sit
in darkness may yet see light, and that
our Saviour may see the travail of His
soul fulfilled in you.
“ For all are brethren far and wide,
Since Thou, O Lord, for all hast died,
Then teach us whatsoe’er betide,
To love them all in Thee.”
Violet Taylor.
60


I
I
I
f
i
1
I
A Great African Chief.

s




RHAMA, the great chief of the
Bamangwato, Bechuanaland, die.d
on February 21st. It is supposed
he was born about 1830. He is the last
of the powerful native chiefs who were
so closely associated with the history of
South Africa—Moshesh of Basutoland,
Cetewayo of Zululand, Lobengula of
Basutoland, Lewanika of Barotseland.
Khama was buried in state in a grave
on Serowe Hill, and the resident Com-
missioner of the Bechuanaland Proteo
torate delivered a speech eulogizing the
dead chief.
He was converted to Christianity in
1862, and has ever since been associated
with the London Missionary Society. He
was “ stedfast, unmovable, always
abounding in the work of the Lord. ” He
not only believed in Christianity for the
reform of his people but also in education,
and in total abstinence from intoxicants.
Indeed, he obeyed all the ethical
demands of his faith, and with native
force insisted on them in his people.
“ In patriarchal fashion he chose out
their way, and sat as chief, and dwelt as
a king in the army, as one that com-
forteth the mourners.”
To Christianity he was a tower of
strength, but the missionaries are not
alone in their estimate of his character.
There are few travellers and administra-
tors who have not left on record their
administration for his fine spirit.
He stood faithfully for the British
Crown. Through all the critical hours of
African history he revealed a spotless
loyalty. When King Edward the VII.
died he summed up his political creed in
these words :
April, 1923.
‘‘The King- who has been taken from
us was my King and my people’s King.
I stand in the place I have always stood
in, of loyalty to the King of the British
Empire.”
The Right Hon. Earl Buxton, in
“Some Personal Impressions” in the
“Times ” of February 28th, says :
“During the period (1914-20) that I
was High Commissioner and Governor-
General of South Africa, 1 knew him
well. I looked upon him as a personal
friend and had for him a sincere admira-
tion.
“He was eminently a peaceful chief,
though he could defend himself when
attacked. In the early sixties he was
converted to Christianity : and through-
out the remainder of his life he was a
sincere and consistent Christian carrying
out in his policy and conduct the tenets
he had adopted. He was an example, not
a terror, to his neighbours.
Chief Khama. [Per London Missionary Society
Jill; ^14

I



Prayer Union
My remembrance of him was of a
idignified figure, an impressive and
courteous personality.
“ The last time I saw Khama was in
August, 1920, a few days before I left
South Africa. He was a great age, and
I was much touched by his insisting on
making the three days’ journey from
Serowe to Cape Town to say good-bye.
“ Accompanied by some of the principal
chiefs he came to Government House,
where ho and I had an affectionate fare-
well interview—and here, perhaps, I may
be pardoned a personal, touch. ‘ His
Excellency,’ he said, turning to my
A.D.C., who had come into the room as
he was leaving, ‘ is like this. When I
have been out in the hot sun and then
bathe in a cool fre,sh pool, it is comfort-
ing and pleasant, as is his Excellency.’
“Towards the end of the interview my
wife came in with our grandson, Hugh
FitzRoy, in her arms—a baby of fourteen
months. After greeting Khama, she
asked the interpreter to ask the Chief if
he would like to see his Excellency’s
grandson. The old man was delighted at
the suggestion. He rose up and took the
child in his arms, and growled and
grunted his appreciation. It was rather
an anxious moment; but the little boy
Hooked at him fearlessly, said ‘ Man,
man,’ and stroked his face—to our great
relief.
“The two were then photographed to-
gether on the stoep ; and that is my last
impression of Khama—the very tall, very
dark South African chief, holding in his
arms with the greatest tenderness the
very small, fair English child.”
Prayer Union.
Had not the Christ to suffer thus, and so
enter into His glory ? Luke 24 : 26.
fMoffatt.)
No gain
That I experience, must remain Un-
shared. —Robert Browning.
Hymns :
Christ the Lord is risen to-day.
The golden gates are lifted up.
Hark ! the song of jubilee.
April 1.—Women and girls in North
China. Miss Turner and Miss Armitt.
P. 65 in Report. Luke 24 : 1-12.
April 8.—West Africa : Mendi country.
Rev. W. S. Micklethwaite. P. 58, 8.
1 Cor. 9 : 19-27.
April 15.—Ningpo'. Rev. W. Trem-
berth and Rev. A. A. Conibear. Po. 28,
29. Mark 12 : 28-34.
April 22.—The City Temple meeting’s,
23rd. Foreign Missions Committee at
Carshalto-n, 24th and 25th. Malachi 3.
April 29.—Nosu circuit. Yunnan. Rev.
C. E. Hicks. Pp. 41, 42. Ecc. 12.
O Christ, King and Saviour of mankind,
lay upon the hearts of Thy people everywhere
the duty of extending Thy kingdom in the
hearts of men. Hear us for all who labour in
other lands. Moke them steadfast in the
confidence that Thine eternal purpose must
be fulfilled ; that love, being supreme, shall
be satisfied ; that truth, though long hidden,
must come to light ; that Christ, the only
true King of the heart, must reign at last ; that
righteousness, the brightness of Thy glory,
shall dispel the darkness of sin ; that Thou
wilt indeed bring all men to the knowledge
of Thy truth. Through Jesus Christ our
Lord. Amen.
The LONDON MISSIONARY CITY TEMPLE,
DEMONSTRATION, April 23. e°c.l°RN VIADUCT'
Afternoon, HOME MISSIONS, 3.30.
Chairman: H. BRYARS, Esq. (Sheffield). Speakers: Rev. R. P. CAMPBELL,
Rev. A. HANCOCK {Chairman of London District), and Rev. T. SUNDERLAND (Secretary).
Soloist: SISTER BEATRICE.
Evening, FOREIGN MISSIONS, 6.30.
Chairman: JAMES COCKER, Esq. (Oldham). Speakers: The President (Rev. E. F. H. CAPEY)
Mrs. T. BUTLER, T. BUTLER, Esq. J.P., Rev. ALFRED EVANS, and
Rev. C. STEDEFORD (Secretary).
[SEE ADVERTISEMENT ON COVER.]
62


From the
Mission House.
“ The Christian A large volume under the
Occupation above title was issued in
of China.” connection with the great
Conference in Shanghai
last May. It is the result of several years
of hard work on the part of experts who
collected, classified and compared mis-
sionary returns from all parts of China ; it
is therefore a treasure-mine for mission-
ary students. It treats of China as a,
whole and also descends into minute
details concerning the work of each pro-
vince and of each missionary society. In
the general survey it reveals the amazing
development of missionary work in China
during the last two decades. Since 1907
the missionary body has grown from
•3,44-5 to 6,250 and the communicant mem-
bership from 180,000 to 366,000. It is
notable that the membership has grown
in the same proportion as. the missionary
staff.
Numbers are not the only gauge of
growth. There is the development of
individual strength and character which
counts for much in the aggregate force of
the Christian Church. This individual
development has provided the native
Church with Chinese leaders, some of
whom possess exceptional powers of
organization and administration. This is
seen in the advance made by the Chinese
in their participaton in the National
Christian Conferences. In 1907 there
was a conference of 1,000 missionaries
and mission workers, of whom 500 were
elected delegates, but there were no
Chinese delegates ! It was assumed that
Christian leadership was entirely in the
hands of the missionaries. In the 1913
Conference out of 115 delegates one-third
were Chinese. In the 1919 Conference,
in connection with the “ China for Christ ”
movement, one-half were Chinese and the
same proportion obtained in the great
Conference held last May. The Chinese
are forming their own views of the essen-
tial elements in the Christian faith and of
the essential features of a Christian
Church. It is truly said “We have left
behind the days of merely passive Chinese
acquiescence in Christianity ; the Chinese
Church is now positively reacting to its
inner message.”
It affords food for reflection to observe
that in the relative strength of the Ameri-
63
Rev.
C. STEDEFORD.
can and British missionary forces in
China the Americans have in recent years
completely turned the scale. In 1907, 37
per cent of the foreign staff were Ameri-
can and 52 per cent British, but now that
proportion is completely reversed and 52
per cent are American. This American
preponderance is seen especially on the
educational side of missionary work.
Comparisons in This is the province where
the Chekiang' our Ningpo and Wenchow
Province. Districts are situated, and
it is interesting to see how
our work there stands in comparison with
that of other missionary societies. This
province is entirely covered by missionary
societies, every part of the territory being
claimed as the sphere of one society or
another. We were among the earliest to
enter the province. Though this province
is so well occupied by missionary agencies
it is apparent that the work of evangelisa-
tion has only just begun, for only one out
of 820 persons in Chekiang is a communi-
cant Christian. Comparing the number
of missionaries with the population in the
spheres occupied by the respective socie-
ties it appears that the United Methodist
stands lowest on the list. To every mil-
lion of the population the Church Mission-
ary Society has 24 missionaries, the
Methodist Episcopal Church, and the
American Baptist each 21, the American
Presbyterian 19, the C.I.M. 9, and the
U.M.C. only 7. This shows how much
understaffed our field is in comparison
with other fields in the same province.
But the societies with the smallest mis-
sionary staff have the largest number of
native workers, our own standing first
with 140 engaged in evangelistic work
and 40 in educational work. Next comes
the C.I.M. with 120 evangelistic workers
and 40 educational, while the C.M.S. has
50 evangelistic and 40 educational work-
ers, the American Baptist 36 evangelistic
and 76 educational. It is seen that in our
native workers, an agency which it has
always been our aim to develop to the
fullest extent, we compare very favour-
ably with the other societies. To every
million of the population we stand first
with 164 ; the second is the Methodist
Episcopal with 132. It also appears that
in comparison with the number of our


From the Mission House
workers our mission has been very suc-
cessful, for we have only 79 workers to
every 1,000 members, the C.M.S. 117,
and the American Baptist 135. In this
province we have 23 Chinese workers to
every missionary, by far the highest pro-
portion in the province, the average being
5 to 6. When comparison is made be-
tween the actual membership and the
population of the sphere occupied, our
mission comes second in the. list with 21
church members to every 10,000 of the
population. The Methodist Episcopal
stands first with 29.
Comparisons in In this province is situa-
tlie Chilili ted one section of our
Province. mission in North China
embracing the three cir-
cuits, Tientsin, Tongshan and Yung Ping.
The area assigned to us covers 3,675
square miles. Nearly two-thirds of the
work in this province is done by American
societies. As the result of their aggres-
sive methods great progress has been
made during the last decade. During
that period the missionary staff has been
increased by 25 per cent, and the number
of Chinese workers and church members
by 55 per cent. Our missionaries were
among the earliest to establish themselves
in this province, being only one year later
than the first missionary to enter the
field. We have the largest number of
evangelistic centres in proportion to the
[.Per Rev. C. A. MyLne.
Hoube-boat on the Yangtze being
hauled through a rapid.
in the
Shantung
Province.
area we occupy, with one evangelistic
centre to every 46 square miles, the
average for the province being one for
every 175 square miles. As in the other
districts, so here our number of mission-
aries is the smallest compared with the
amount of work undertaken, and in pro-
portion to the number of our missionaries
we employ the largest number of
Chinese workers. We have four mission-
aries with 52 Chinese evangelistic and
30 educational workers. To every million
of the population we have 44 Chinese
workers while the Methodist Episcopal
has 106 and the S.P.G. 84. While'the
Methodist Episcopal has 12 missionaries
to every 1,000 communicants, and the
S.P.G. 41, we have only 4. Out of every
10,000 of the population of the territory
we occupy we have only 9 members, the
same as the S.P.G. The most successful
is the Methodist Episcopal with 16.
Comparisons Two of our large circuits,
Lading anil Wuting, are
situated in the Shantung
Province, covering ap-
proximately 4,000 square
miles of territory. Over 500 missionaries
are labouring in the province of Shan-
tung and only four are United Methodist.
Here again we are impressed with the
meagreness of our staff compared with
the task we have undertaken. We have
only four missionaries to a million inhabi-
tants, while the
average for the
District is 16 ;
also in relation
to the number
of our com-
municants w e
have the fewest
miss ionaries,
our number
being only 3,
while the
average for the
missionary so-
cieties in the
province is 12,
one society,
the American
Pre sbyterian,
rising as high
as 140. We
also take the
lowest place in
64


From the Mission House
comparing' the number of Chinese
workers per 1,000 members ; we have only
33, while the average for the province is
62, and the American Presbyterian have
263. Consequently it transpires that our
missionaries carry proportionately the
largest amount of work with the smallest
proportion of Chinese assistants. Viewed
from another point of view it shows that
we have the largest results compared with
the size of our staff. We have 31 com-
municants per Chinese worker, whereas
the average for the province is 16. Critics
of missions often insinuate that converts
are chiefly those who in one way or
another are employed by the mission.
There is no foundation for that insinua-
tion with regard to our mission in Shan-
tung, for only 3 per cent of the members
are employed by the mission, and the
average for all the missions in the pro-
vince is only 6. It cannot be said, there-
fore, that the people join the mission for
the sake of temporal gain. Notwithstand-
ing the • smallness of our staff, both
foreign and Chinese, we have gathered
11 members per 10,000 of the inhabitants
among whom we labour, which is but little
below the average, 13.5, won by all the
missions together. In educational work
we have to take the lowest place. With
115 evangelistic centres we have only 16
primary schools. The average for the
province is 48 children in primary schools
for every 100 members ; our number is
only 22. It should be borne in mind that
our work in the Shantung province is
found in the rural districts, whereas other
societies embrace the large towns where
educational facilities are more easily pro-
vided. We can rejoice in the large
measure of success obtained by the small
force we have been able to put into the
field, but we cannot congratulate our-
selves upon sufficiently sustaining the
success which has come to u.s. It calls
aloud for more workers.
Comparisons in This is the most destitute
the Yunnan of all the provinces in
Province. which o-ur missions are
situated, and one of the
most destitute of all the provinces in
China. Only about one-half of the pro-
vince is claimed bv missionary societies.
There is only one Protestant Christian to
every 1,128 of the inhabitants. The
China Inland missionaries were the first
to beg'in work in the province in 1882,
and we followed three years later. The
work was very slow) and difficult, and the
Chine.se have never responded readily to
the Gospel appeal. Since 1907 the mis-
sionary body has more than doubled, and
is now only 75. The work among the
tribes has been very successful and 13 of
the tribes-people have been baptized to
every single Chinese. The average num-
ber of missionaries per 1,000 communi-
cants in this province is 10, our own num-
ber is 2 ; the average number of Chinese
workers to every 1,000 members is 30, our
number is 25. Per each, million of in-
habitants we have 6 missionaries, while
the C.I.M. has 9, but on the other hand
we have 66 Chinese workers and the
C.I.M. has 32. Here again we see how
we have devoted ourselves to the produc-
tion of a Chinese agency. The number
of our members employed by the mission
works out at only 2.5 per cent. It is said
that the U.M.C. field is the one best occu-
pied, with 26 communicants to 10,000 of
the population. The C.I.M. ranks second
with 15. These figures are small, and
show what an immense amount of aggres-
sive evangelism needs to be undertaken.
Poor as we are in our provision for edu-
cational work, nevertheless we hold the
first place among the missions in Yunnan
for educational work. We are credited
with 28 primary scholars for every 100
members. There is only one middle school
reported in Yunnan, and that is our own
in Chaotong; there are only six higher-
primary schools reported, and four of
them belong to us. Except Kueichow,
Yunnan is the most poorly provided with
Christian educational facilities of all the
provinces in China.
Conclusions. These comparisons demon-
strate very forcibly how
small is the number of our workers,
not only in comparison with the fields
we occupy and the gigantic tasks
confronting us, but also in comparison
with the number of workers usually doing
similar work in the same regions. At the
same time the results gained in our mis-
sions, judged bv statistics, show a success
far out of proportion to the number of
workers engaged. We may argue there-
fore that with an equivalent staff we
might expect results from our methods as
large as any societv has recorded.
65


Others and Ourselves. Rev. f. r. craddock.
GHINA ! Yes, we’ve heard of it.
Yunnan ! some of us have even
heard of that. Chaotong', Tong-
chuan, Stonegateway, Universal Spring,
well, not so many know of these. They
are all very far away, are they not ? They
are ! Even we who have recently lived
out there and have travelled from there,
feel how dim they are with distance. One
advantage we have, however, over those
who but vaguely dream of these far-off
places and their other-sorts of people.
We can assist imagination with memory.
And we would gladly help you, too, to see
what we have seen and hear what we
have heard.
For reach but the smallest hamlet, and
you’ll find there the throbbing life of
human society—affection and hate, con-
cord and strife, ignorance and folly
abundant, wisdom and sense so sadly
scarce. But you’ll find, too, what is not
found everywhere. “ Poverty, hunger and
dirt ” : not dirt as you find it in England,
not hunger as you see others suffer it,
not poverty as our slums know it. But
dirt that is poisonous, hunger that is piti-
less, and poverty that would shame a
world less large and wealthy than ours.
These outward evils are soon seen and
appreciated. But the inward mental
state of the sufferers is less easily under-
stood. How queer their notions—and
how queer o-urs ! How dark their super-
stition, and—ah, here’s the gulf—bow
bright our inner light! Their habits of
thought towards all the common events
of life, how strange, bow very strange,
how foolish some seem ! They do, until
we gain their point of view : then, how
strange some of our ideas seem, our
English ways that seemed before so sen-
sible and right. And when we get deeper
still, into the spiritual state of these far-
off people, we begin to flounder. Surely
it is an impossible condition to exist in
this modern wise world. We can under-
stand people who have never seen a train
or a ship, a motor-car or even a pony-
carriage. But what are we to think of
folk who stop butchering to make the
rain cease, who stick plasters on an
idol’s “anatomy ” to take away the pains
of their own ? Gan we get a glimmer from
the light within that leads a girl to com-
mit suicide by swallowing opium that her
ghost may trouble the husband who has
ill-treated her? Through this life into
F R. C. giving a word of explanation. [AJrs. Craddock. East and West. Peter (Miao) and Dennis Craddock. 66 [A7rs. Craddock.


The Real Reformer
the next a path is trod whose gloom is un-
relieved by the simple light of Jesus and
His good news.
And they on their side cannot compre-
hend us. They have never heard of
people who do- things for unrelated folk
out of love. They have no knowledge of
a church or society which will sacrifice
for unknown races, looking for no reward.
They have their view of these facts. The
missionary is a government agent, or is
g'etting merit. The society must be too
wealthy to know what to do with its
money. And so on. Jesus alone can
make clear all these appearances. And
in Him, thank God there is neither near
nor far, but only needy children of men,
some of whom have been blessed to bless
others.
Is our life all getting, all seeking, all
for home and kin, for town or nation ?
By the accident of birth we had been
found in less-favoured surroundings than
we are. Bv the same chance, others are
found there.
Dear little kiddies of China! Are yon
really just us, unhappily placed? Lean
little people of China ! Are you just us
with no stores and grain-ships at your
near call, but only the bare soil and the
sun and the lashing- rain and your own
ill-tooled hands to get your food? How
jolly—till the hail comes and cuts away
your harvest. How close to dear Nature,,
till she frowns and gives a stone for
bread. Little brothers and sisters of
Jesus, are you just like us only with devils
at your heels and round the corner all the
time, and no sight of His arms or notion
of unpurchased love? We, too, are His
friends, but we know it. We, too, are
His brothers and sisters. May we help
you? Do you not need us? Let us help
each other and so win His smile. And
forgive us, will you? that we have been
so long coming. We did not know, we
could not see, we had not heard. But
we have now. May the strong scarred
hands of Jesus hold us all together.
<=§■=■ <=$=•
Competition.
Circuit Missionary Reports.
We offer a prize for the fullest and most
explicit Circuit Secretary’s annual report,
as presented to the March Quarterly
Meeting. The winner shall choose be-
tween Grist’s Life of Pollard and “The
best I remember,” by Arthur Porrit.
(Each 7s. 6d.) It must give the follow-
ing details as a minimum : Church,
Church secretary (or a reason for there
being none.) Income for each church for
the year concerned, and the third year
previously. Churches to be put not in
order of plan, but in two sections—those
which pull up the circuit average, and
those which pull it down : the average per
member in each church, for the two years
named above ; and the current income
with average per member for five years.
It will be refreshing to have after each
church brief remarks, and whenever a
week-day meeting is not held to give the
reason. Sometimes one word will be
sufficient.
Papers, -written on one side only, to be
sent to Editor on or before May 25th.
Report in July.
The Real Reformer.
Not he, the statesman, whatso’er his
name
Who would strip life of all adventurous-
ness,
Of all but arrow-proof and storm-proof
dress,
Making it more and more ignobly tame,
Poorer in perils which they that overcame
Were braced and maimed by—making
it less and less,
The school of heroes armed for struggle
and stress ;
Not he shall win hereafter radiant fame.
But when some dauntless teller of truth
unsweet
Shall shake the slumberous people,
with rude power
To a vast new birth of all the soul and
mind
Him, and none other, at the destined
hour,
Him, quick or dead, the thunderous
thanks shall greet,
Not of his country alone, but of his
kind.
William Watson.
“A Hundred Poems-”
67


Mr. Pollard’s Rev.
Grave.* h. parsons.
THERE is no spot more dear to the
Miao and others than the mound
which crowns the knoll at the back
of Stone Gateway. A stranger passing
along the main road would be attracted by
the well-built, substantial grave of lime-
stone with a cross surmounting the whole.
It stands about eight feet high. In ap-
pearance the grave is vault-like, but in
appearance only. The coffin was placed
underground in a brick-walled grave
several feet deep.
On the front of the grave, engraved on
three large slabs of stone in English,
Chinese and Miao, is the inscription which
records that beneath lies the body of the
Rev. Samuel Pollard, a pioneer mission-
ary of the United Methodist Church
(formerly of the Bible Christian Church),
who died on September 15, 1915, after
31 years’ service in Yunnan. It speaks of
his love and sacrifice for the people, and
of his success, and tells how the grave
was erected by the Miao—for whom he
had done so much—as a token of their
*Mr. Parsons was unable to let us have this accurate des-
cription when his photograph of the grave appeared. P. 147,
1922. The pressure on his time at home was so great He
•wrote this en voyage. Ed.
I
The Secretary at Samuel Pollard’s Grave.
undying affection. “ He was a father
to us.”
The grave is a costly structure, and was
the gift of the Miao preachers and
teachers. Said they : “ He is ours ; let us
bury him. We will arrange for coffin,
bearers, grave and tombstone, for we
loved him more than our fathers. He was
ever kind to us.”
They chose his grave on a far-seen hill-
top in the village burial-ground. It is a
commanding site, and from it many miles
of Miao country are visible. At the time
of the funeral the land did not belong to
the mission. Some time later, however,
we were able to obtain the gift of the hill
from the son of the landowner who at the
commencement of the Miao movement
gave the mission, through Mr. Pollard,
the first ten acres of ground at Stone
Gateway. The deeds of gift have been
written, signed and delivered, and the
sacred spot is now and ever will remain
a treasured heritage.
“. . There’s some corner of a foreign field
That is for ever England.”
It was a gracious act of Providence to
permit the passing of Mr. Pollard to be at
Stone Gateway rather than in the home-
land. Had he died when away from his
tribal and Chinese friends they would
have felt bereaved indeed. Now, though
they lament his going, they feel they still
have him—his grave is with them, he rests
among the Miao, some of whom he himself
laid to sleep on the hill-top. In his day
he performed a loving ministry and not
less a g'racious one in his death. “He
being dead, yet speaketh.” The toilers in
the fields and the people guarding their
cattle on the hill slopes from the attacks
of wild animals and thieves, look across
at the up-standing grave ; they recall the
many kindly actionsi and loving words of
their fallen leader ; they speak of his un-
failing endeavours on their behalf ; and
then for them the burden of poverty and
care is more easily borne; hearts are
strengthened and life is cheered. Sam
Pollard died, but Sam Pollard is not dead
—for “to live in hearts we leave behind
is not to die.” Mr. Pollard, his failings
forgotten, will remain for long a magni-
68


April in Easter
ficent example of Christian courage,
enthusiasm and perseverance.
These hearts were woven of human joys and
cares,
Washed marvellously with sorrow, swift to
mirth.
The years had given their kindness. Dawn
was theirs,
And sunset, and the colours of the earth.
These had seen movement, and heard music ;
known
Slumber and waking; loved: gone proudly
friended;
Felt the quick stir of wonder ; sat alone ;
Touched flowers and firs, and cheeks. All
this is ended.
. . . He leaves a white
Unbroken glory, a gathered radiance,
A width, a shining peace, under the night.
Gift of Organ.
Acknowledgment.
The following has been received by
Mr. H. Leach on behalf of our church at
Spotland, Rochdale :
“Amid extreme pressure I am reminded
that I owe the Spotland C.E. friends a
letter, so I shall delay no longer.
The organ you sent is proving most
useful, and we are all most grateful to
the friends who made it possible for us
to have the instrument. You have no
idea what a great help an organ is to
public singing in China. I wish it were
possible for your friends to peep in at
the Sunday services and hear how heartily
the friends sing. We have good congre-
gational singing and ofttimes when we
are singing old favourite tunes my
thoughts turn in gratitude to Spotland
C.E. Society. Will you please tell all tire
friends this, and once more, on behalf of
Stone-gateway Miao, thank the good
people who sent this organ. The long
journey to China did it little harm. A
couple of notes have gone wrong, but
apart from this the organ is in good
condition.
You will read of our doings in the
Connexional papers, so I wont trouble
you with a long letter, but at any time
I shall be delighted to hear from you and
to answer questions about the work.
With every good wish to you and to
all the members of the C.E.
Your missionary friend,
W. H. Hudspeth.”
April: Fellowship.
A feast I keep each gallant spring,
Joyous beyond imagining :
When flames the wizard sun and fills
With yellow gold the daffodils :
Till all along the meadow strip,
They shine in glowing fellowship ;
Their crowded colour, heavenly gay,
Calling the world to holiday.
In fellowship is highest good
And beauty dwells with brotherhood :
Each lowly life a jewelled cup
With yellow gold of love brimmed-up
May fling its gift of lavish art,
Unheeded by earth’s weary heart:
But myriad flowers together pearled,
Ravish with flooding bliss the world.
W. C. Brati-iwaite
“ Red letter days.”
-S-
April in Easter.
April in Easter!
Earth’s bathed in dew;
Brown bees feast her
With honey anew.
Her shy dawn glances
Where young buds hide :
Gold-haired she dances
And violet-eyed.
April, at Easter!
The soul keeps tryst
With her High Priest, her
Risen Christ.
Who breathes new air on
His nested dove?
The Rose of Sharon,
The Lily of Love!
April, and Easter—
Light, on dark fields !
Love hath increased her,
Such life she yields—
She, the resultant
From Passion-strife;
The Church Exultant,
The Lamb’s Wife!
April, this Easter!
Hope on her cross
Died—Who released her
From utter loss?
She hung there lonely:
Who saves her now ?
Who but One only?
Lord, Who but Thou?
S. GERTRUDE FORD.
69


Buddhism. (March, p. 50.)
IT is a pleasure to avail myself of the
opportunity offered me to acknow-
ledge Dr. Clemens’ kind review of
my lecture on Buddhism in last issue, and
to say a few more words on the subject.
Buddhism is at least as complex as is
Christianity. Its various schools of
thought and practice are as numerous as
our own. To describe it in half an hour’s
paper is about as easy as it would be to
discuss, in the same space of time, the
whole of Christianity, Nestorian, Ortho-
dox, Roman and Protestant, together
with Modernism in addition. The differ-
ence between the two great schools,
Hinayana and Mahayana is greater than
that between Romanism and Protestant-
ism. It is Mahayanism which most
nearly approximates to Christian modes
of thought, and this is the type prevalent
in the Far East.
That a revival in Mahayana Buddhism
is taking place in Japan and China is
apparent. To my mind this revival is one
of the finest tributes to the success of
Christian missions. It is their success
which has stirred the imitative mind of
Japan to action, and now, both there and
in China, the methods of the Christian
Church are being copied in detail. Bud-
dhism was sleeping itself into Nirvana
when Christian missions became active.
It has sprung into wakefulness again and
—there is nothing to fear. If the East
will really awake to the value of religion
I think they will want the best, and the
best, I doubt not, will prove to be the
religion of our Lord.
Dr. Clemens would like me to throw
“a little more light ” on the seventh
point out of my twelve—“ In place of the
incorrect premiss that all existence is
suffering, we can show that most of life
for all God’s creatures is free from pain,
and that the revelation of Divine sonship
is actually removing not only actual pain
but its cause. To this we call our hospi-
tals and hygiene to witness, as well as the
lives of men and women changed for
service. ”
I take it that the first half needs no
further elucidation. If all life were suf-
fering, never a bird would sing, never a
lamb gambol, never a child play ;
laughter would cease and a dirge become
the only song. It is probably the
reference to the revelation of Divine son-
Prof. W. E. SOOTHILL, M.A.
ship removing pain and its cause that he
desires me to explain.
This looks like a theological discussion,
into which I have no desire to enter.
Theology has its place, a place of great
intellectual value. I will not go so far
as to say it is non-creative, but its realm
is rather of the analytic order. Theology'
is to religion what psychology is to the
mind, very important, very disturbing,
very esoteric. To what extent theology
has advanced or hindered the conversion
of the world may be matter for dispute,
but it is not disputable that religion, and
the Christian religion, in the shape of the
immanent mind and character of the
Christ, is the only known power which
can convert the world to the noblest life
as we understand it. Religion is har-
mony. Theology is divisive; it is the
result and cause of disputation, essential
to clearer views, if not to kindlier feeling.
Now the point of all this is, that it is
the Christian religion, as lived, before the
world, which is the chief, if not the only
force, that can convert the world. I
might be brief and say that the phrase I
am elaborating simply refers to the “all
these things shall be added unto you ”
who “seek first the Kingdom of God and
His righteousness. ” But I will go further
and say that, to me, the unique charac-
teristic of our Lord’s Gospel is His Gos-
pel of Divine Sonship and sonship.
Canon Liddo-n based his famous work on
his discovery that as like begets like so
God begot God. But to-day we are more
inclined to emphasise that God is a spirit
and therefore that Divine Sonship is
essentially spiritual. At any rate, I
believe, our Lord, St. Paul, St. John,
made it clear that it is chiefly by multiply-
ing the heritors of this spirit that the
world is to be converted. “Ye must be
'born again.” “Beloved, now are ye the
sons of God.” “Joint heirs with Jesus
Christ.”
Therein lies the Kingdom of God on
earth, including hygiene and health and
human well-being. And therein lies the
immense value of Christian missions for
the personal and the community life of
the present world, as well as for whatever
may await in the future. It is only in the
multiplication of the Divine family on
earth, carrying the spirit of the best kind
of family into all human relations, that


Buddhism
I discover unique value, divine power
and ultimate success for the Christian
religion.
Buddhism has been a wonderful
ach'evement. With its elasticity there is
nothing to prevent changes, even of
fundamental character, and still for it to
call itself Buddhism. Christian theology
still struggles to keep its ancient bonds,
despite Copernicus, Darwin and modern
psychology. It is a serious hindrance to-
day amongst the young men of China and
Japan. Consequently Buddhism and
agnosticism are finding a field for exploi-
tation, which should belong to our Lord
Himself.
In the meantime Buddhism is a fact,
and much more will be heard of it, simply
because it ig plastic and can adapt itself
easily to current notions. As I have said
The Great B tddha. The image is covered with gold. [Photo per Rev. W. B. Soothill, M.A.
Judge the size of the figure by the man crouching beneath.
I
71


The Observatory
in the “Empire Review”* it is an em-
pire-force and a world-force with which
we have to reckon. Its pity and loving-
kindness may be orientally ornate and
exaggerated, but they involve the destruc-
tion of the sword. It is more willing to
learn-from and work-with Christianity
than any religion in the world. And for
empire- and world-welfare it would be
wiser to explore the way of mutual sym-
pathy and service than the way of antago-
nism. It is by no means certain that
there will be a Christian heaven and a
*For March.

The Observatory.
Outward Bound.
E have had a cheery letter from
Miss B. Petrie Smith, posted at
Port Said. She says :•
“It was very rough in the Bay of Biscay
as we were caught in the edge of a cyclone,
but we were mercifully brought through. I
was only put out of action one day and have
so far enjoyed the voyage immensely. There
are 16 other missionaries on board, some
nurses and a lady doctor, so I have good
companionship. The Chinese Blind Boys’
Band is also returning with us, and they
are to give us a sacred concert to-night.
Each morning there is a half-hour service
for prayer and a short talk, so that we re-
cruits are receiving much help and encour-
agement ; and the voyage is proving a helpful
time of preparation for the work ahead, to
which I am looking eagerly.”
This was written February 18th, ten
days out. “The City of Poona ” was ex-
pecting to reach Shanghai on March 21st.
Nurse Smith would then have a short
distance by boat to Wenchow.
“ The Ningpo Mirror.”
Though pressure we failed to note the
second issue for the Spring term, 1922.
We have now received the third, for the
autumn term. The former refers, to. Prin-
cipal Redfern’s departure for England,
and the coming' of the Deputation. We
wish we had space for a few excellent
selections from its abundance.
The new number refers to the coming
of the Rev. A. A. Conibear (Mr. Trem-
berth had not then arrived) and is followed
by “First impressions of Ningpo,” writ-
ten by him. Many valuable contributions
there are beside-
separate Buddhist heaven over the river,
and lest by any chance we should have to
live together there, it might not be amiss
to practise the art of living happily to-
gether here. If the Christian Church can
evolve our Lord’s Divine family on earth,
and if it is as beautiful as apostles
and saints have believed, the Buddhists
will want to share its good things. But
if the Divine family is to wrangle and
fight, through the intervention of theolo-
gians, then we might .do worse than
deprive them of their ink, and—give
religion a chance !
The EDITOR.
Livingstone College.
We have received the annual report of
this excellent institution, which is still
under the Principalship of Dr. Tom Jays.
We learn that
“ Six hundred and ninety students have
now passed through the college, exclusive of
those attending short courses. The students
of last year came from five countries and
twenty-one Missionary Societies. The only
parts of the non-Christian world where for-
mer Livingstonians are not working are the
few unoccupied fields, such as Afghanistan,
Arabia and Tibet.”
We regret to note that there is still a
deficiency, which has been increased
during' the year just closed. A college
like this cannot be self-supporting. The
turnover is over £3,000 per annum, and
yet the subscription list is less than £500.
If any reader will promise an annual sub-
scription to Dr. Jays it will yield great
satisfaction to the giver. His address is
Livingstone College, Levton, London,
E.10.
E.M.M.S.
These initials stand for the Edinburgh
Medical Missionary Society which was
established in 1841. A fine work has
been carried on through the years. The
Secretary, and Superintendent is Dr.
H. F. Lechmere Taylor. The 79th report
is before us, and will be sent by him if
any readers ask him at 56 George Square,
Edinburgh. Here again there is a deficit,
which ought not to be. The expenditure
is a turn over of about £10,000 per
annum and the present deficit is £1,334.
Students in training are 33, and those in
72


Keep the Lamps Burning
active service are 53—of which we claim
Dr. Fletcher Jones, Dr. E. T. A. Stede-
ford and Dr. Bolton. This institution
should also claim our gifts.
Sun Yat-sen.
This supposed patriot of China is dis-
appointing us. Many in this country
hailed him a saviour of his country. The
“Peking and Tientsin Times ” has ex-
posed his disloyalty. He admits he told
Japan that if she would join the Teutonic
powers in the worl.d-war all Asia would
have risen against the whites, and to-day
there would have been an Asia controlled
by Asiatics. But says he :
“Japan did not accept my advice, thus let-
ting slip a heaven-sent opportunity of mak-
ing herself the leader of the Orient. As it
is, Japan participated in the war on the side
of the Allies, with the result that the Pan-
Asiatic plan has been delayed indefinitely.
As Japan showed herself incapable of seizing
this opportunity, it will be China that will
be called upon to make Asia a place for
Asiatics in the future. . . . Japan must
make common cause with Russians in op-
posing the aggression of the Anglo-Saxons.
In this alone lies hope of salvation from the
catastrophe to which the Oriental countries
are being forced by the insatiable greed of
Anglo-Saxons.”
In sending this news the Rev. F. B.
Turner thus comments :
“You know how often I said at home that
English people had a mistaken idea of Sun
Yat-sen. I held he was an impractical vis-
ionary of the Valera type. The enclosed ar-
ticle gives evidence of this. I imagine that
some doubted my characterization of this
hare-brained patriot.”
We confess to having had confident
hopes of Sun, for in an incident which
seemed weighty with hope for China we
asked the Rev. G. W. Sheppard to write
an interpretation of “The return of Sun
Yat-sen,” and his brief article indicates a
great trust in the man.*
We have a suspicion, too-, that in 1912
Mr. Turner himself shared this view, for
he reviewed for us a book by James
Cantile and C. S. Jones, “Sun Yat-sen
and the awakening of China.” While he
criticised the book severely, he refers to
Sun as “a noble, unselfish patriot.”f Many
will share our disappointment in one who
â– seemed to be as sincere as he was
patriotic.
*P. 135. 1921. IP. 224, 1912.
Disaster.
The painful news has come from
Peking that Dr. Candlin’s house has
been destroyed by fire. The building and
furniture were duly insured, and we have
a great hope that the Doctor’s private
property and extensive library were also
guaranteed. But if even they were,
a library such as his can never be re-
placed. There are other treasures, too,
that accumulate in a house that is a
home. We will not try to tell the story !
We have already assured our veteran
toiler of the sympathy of our readers.
-5-
Keep the Lamps Burning.
“The lamps are lit on the altars of God in
Tanaland, and the light shineth in darkness.
Keep the lamps burning.”—A. J. Hopkins in
Missionary Report.
The lamps are alight on the altars of
God!
The Good Shepherd walks with His staff
and His rod
In lands where in darkness the people
have trod.
O brothers, keep the lamps burning !
The lamps are alight, and the radiance
streams
Afar through the thick-hanging gloom its
glad beams,
And far in the blackness the welcome
light gleams.
O brothers, keep the lamps burning !
The lamps are alight, and the bright glow
is shed
On the souls that have trembled in dark-
ness and dread,
On the feet that in pathways of death
have been led.
O brothers, keep the lamps burning 1
The lamps are alight; see, see how they fly 1
As weary-winged birds to their windows
that hie,—
As storm-driven sailors the light who
espy ;
O brothers, keep the lamps burning !
The lamps are alight, the lamps that
reveal
The love that for all the All-Father doth
feel ;
And, see, at the altars of God there they
kneel.
O brothers, keep the lamps burning !
Cuthbert Ellison.
73


Some Animal and other
Stories. 1.—Wolves.
C9S ANY boys and girls are frequently
â–  Vfl askingi what animals, birds and
â– * curious customs are found in
Miao-land. If the natives were asked
they might unhesitatingly reply, “ The
biggest and strangest of all is the
foreigner.” But let that pass. There are
a number of wild animals on the hills,
over which the missionary rides or
walks. Some of the beasts he has seen,
others, only their footprints. The camel
and elephant are not known. Long,
long ago the lion possibly roamed over
the mountains, for the Miao speak of him
as the red-tiger. Wolves are frequently
seen or heard. In the night time they
leave their haunts and scour the hills and
plains in search of food. Their long-
drawn-out howl can often be heard—
piercing, wierd and haunting, as mate
calls to mate. Men watching their crops
at night, crouch closer to their fires or to
each other for protection in their booths
of branches or dug-outs, when they hear
the cry of these prowlers. When travel-
ling among the Ko Pu, as well as when
taking toward evening a stroll outside the
gates of Tong Chuan, I have seen wolves
quite near. They come down to scratch
open the newly-made graves. Unless very
hungry a wolf will not attack a person,
[.Wrs. Craddoch.
School Boys at Great Level, Yunnan.
For the Young Folk.
By Rev. H. PARSONS.
though we have heard stories of men and
women as well as children killed by them.
One story, was that of a little Chinese
child near Chao Tong, picked up by a
wolf and carried off ; the frantic parents
chasing and shouting, but failing to over-
take the animal. Nothing further was
heard or seen of the child.
Another story was that of three coolies
carrying loads from Chao Tong to a
small village* two miles beyond Stone
Gateway. As they toward evening were-
descending the hill slope facing what is-
now our home, one of the three men
stopped to rest. His two companions-
hurried on to the inn. The third man
failed to arrive. Concerned for his safety,
the two men went back to search for their
friend, but only discovered a few bones.
Wolves had killed and devoured him.
The wolves, at times, are very daring.
Not long since, two big fellows in broad
daylight ran right through the village of
Stone Gateway.
To guard their cattle from the attacks
of wild animals and thieves, the natives
drive their sheep, goats, cows and pigs
from the houses in which they have-
stabled them at night—to the hill slopes
to graze and there stay with them until
it is time to drive them home in the even-
ing. Sometimes, under the cover of mist,
a wolf will creep down hoping- to catch a
stray lamb, goat or pig. Should he do-
so, he will kill and carry it off. Imme-
diately a wolf is sighted the watchers
begin to shout and the dogs to bark. AU
join in the chase and drive it away.
During one of our last mid-day services
at Stone Gateway prior to leaving for
England, I heard on the hill opposite our
chapel the dogs barking furiously and
the shepherds shouting loudly. I knew,
without being told, that a wolf or wolves
had been seen and the folks and dogs
were on the alert to drive it, or them,
away. Soon the noise died down, and I
knew that the trouble was over.
In hunting the wolves, occasionally an
extraordinary situation occurs, as, for in-
stance, when one day several men com-
menced to chase one of them. One man
*The Village of Ho Pa, “ River Bed Village.” The story
and photos of the opening of the Chapel there appeared in
the Echo in 1914, pp. 6-7, by Mr. Pollard.
74


A Bible-School and Memorial Service
outran his companions and following
closely behind the wolf, found, when too
late, that the beast had entered a small
ravine from which there wag no outlet
other than the one by which the man and
the animal had entered. Finding no way
of escape, the wolf turned at bay. With
gleaming teeth and .snarling, while the
hair stood stiff upon his back, the wolf
sprang at the man. The Miao had just
time to wrap his “jacket” around his
arm before the animal reached him. Then
followed a fierce struggle. By good for-
tune the man caught the wolf by the
throat and strangled it, but not before he
himself had been severely torn by the
sharp claws. The bite of a wolf is greatly
feared—blood poisoning usually follows ;
from which very few persons recover.
(For a leisure hour : With the help of
a concordance look up in the Bible all
references to wolves. There are 12.)
A Bible-School and
Memorial Service.
WO days ago' at Stonegateway we
concluded a deeply interesting
Bible-school. It was attended by
forty-nine preachers and teachers from
thirty-three centres, representing- many
thousands of converts : Flowery Miao,
Ch’uan Miao and Chinese. Some of the
Ch’uan Miaoi had tramped eight days
to be present. The temporary students
are all Christians of the first generation,
and some of them have never been to
school. This partially explains why it is
imperative to hold Bible-schools at the
present stage of our work. In the past
it has been necessary sometimes to take
soundly converted men who have only a
modicum of training and put them out
in charge of circuits. This was the only
way by which it was possible to evan-
gelize the Miao. But bv employing such
a method one runs grave risks. Our
preachers and teachers are subject to
subtle and formidable temptations.
Owing to understaffing the missionary
has little time to superintend the work of
teachers, and this makes their work still
more difficult and exacting. During the
past year a number of teachers have been
harassed by brigands. Two were cap-
tured and robbed. In the Ch’uan Miao
district the evangelists have met with
bitter persecution and strong opposition.
Some of the local officials have made a
dead set against the church, and this has
made matters extremely difficult for our
workers. The province is in SO' un-
settled a state that redress is impossible.
All these things make training, however
brief, most urgent, and this year the men
came up to the Bible-school hungry both
in mind and soul.
Rev. W. H. HUDSPETH, B.A.
The Rev. C. N. Mylne, who is a keen
Bible student, took the major part of the
lectures. We are most grateful to him
for the help he gave. In Chao-tong-fu
he has to do1 the work of two men ; never-
theless he found time to give a fortnight
to the Miao circuit. He took the students
through “Zechariah.” The Old Testa-
ment is not yet translated into Miao, so
that Mr. Mylne’s addresses opened up to
the Miao preachers a new field of study
and a new source of inspiration. It fell
to my lot to take the early morning and
evening sessions. In the early morning
we studied St. Mark, and the evenings
were devoted to teaching new hymns.
With these people singing has played a
notable part. Before the Gospel was
preached unto them singing was a tribal
custom. Sagas were sung by the youths,
the maidens and the old men, but now
the whole tribe sings Christian hymns
and psalms, and a new hymn is to them
like the finding of hidden treasure.
As Sunday, September 17th, was the
anniversary of Pollard’s death we held
a memorial service. The large church
was crowded. We left the speaking to
four native workers : two Miao and
two Chinese who had known Pollard in-
timately. It is too delicate a matter to
record what was said, but throughout a
great hush was upon the congregation,
lumps were in our throats, and the tears
were not far behind many eyelids. If
Christianity has not made a lasting mark
on this people, Pollard has. It was a
unique gathering, and we all returned to
our homes feeling that we had had por-
trayed to us a great soul.
Only one day was given to business,
75


“ The Best I Remember ”
but of this day a few items should be
recorded. We were told of a district
amongst the Ch’uan Miao which had been
visited by no missionary and by no
preachers, and here a Stonegateway evan-
gelist found the people meeting regularly
for prayer and singing. A teacher who
has a primary school of twenty-three
scholars appealed for assistance as in his
district there are a thousand enquirers
with no preacher to shepherd them. I
pointed out that there is a large district
which we are most anxious to evangelize.
It is a district where no missionary work
has yet been done, and where it is par-
ticularly dangerous to attempt it. I de-
tailed and spoke at length of the dangers.
I pointed out that we could take no>
responsibility for anyone who took up this
work, and then we asked if there were
any volunteers. One man stood up and
said that men had been willing to go to
'=§■=>
“The Best I Remember.”
THE author tells us this book was
never deliberately designed. It
came out of ill-health and a capa-
cious note-book. He might not be
thankful for that spell of relaxation in the
form of illness, but we are ; or, rather—
the use to which he was able to put it.
As eveivbody will know, it is Arthur
Porritt, of the “Christian World,” who
writes, and we are grateful to him for a
series of happy and vivid sketches of men
from Spurgeon and Tipple to Lloyd
George and Dr. J. H. Jowett.
It is refreshing for those of us -who are
■“getting on ” (not in the sense of
achievement or success) to hear genuine
“ talk ” about Guinness Rogers, Silvester
Horne, W. T. Stead, Hugh Price
Hughes, and, above all, Dr. Joseph
Parker, the king whose life has not been
written bv any faithful courtier.
Our main reason for dwelling on and
commending this book is that he has a
chapter on great missionaries whom he
has met. There are four, and we venture
to quote his brief estimate of the one
who i.s most precious to us : the others
are Dr. Wilfred Grenfell, the Rev.
Charles W. Abel, and James Chalmers.
If space permit we may give the others.
* Cassell & Co., 1922. 7s. 6d.
cannibal islands, and that he was willing
and ready to go to the district in ques-
tion. In all five men volunteered to go
to this dangerous district, and as soon as
we have the necessary funds two of them
will go'. We thanked God for this mis-
sionary spirit which is surely an indica-
tion of the power of the Gospel.
We closed our Bible-school by cele-
brating the Sacrament of the Lord’s Sup-
per, a Sacrament that has had a deep
influence on tribal people. The bread was
made of native flour, the wine was
brewed from native tea, but as we
gathered around the holy table we felt
that He was our Host, who is the
Saviour from all sin and the Light of the
world. This Light has entered hundreds
of homes which nestle on the hills in
Western China, and in these homes men
no longer walk in darkness but enjoy the
light of life.
>=?â– =
ARTHUR PORRITT.*
“The Rev. Samuel Pollard, of Yun-
nan, the second of my modern mis-
sionaries, was a United Methodist.
Like Grenfell he was a dauntless
pioneer and a man of quite magnetic
personality : but his achievement gained
little publicity outside his own de-
nomination. His work among the
Miao tribe in Yunnan led to one of those
mysterious mass movements of a
whole people from heathenism to
Christianity which delight people at
home who read missionary magazines,
but are apt to overwhelm the embar-
rassed missionary who has to face the
avalanche. Mr. Pollard’s faith and
sagacity stood the test, but the strain
killed him. One of his feats was to
reduce the tribal language to writing,
create a grammar for it, and then give
the people a translation of the New
Testament.
“To all his other qualities must be
added the gift of a delightful literary
style and an unfailing eye for the pic-
turesque. Without a doubt be might
have made a reputation in literature,
but I doubt if he ever gave a thought
to making a reputation of any kind.
He was far too disinterested to be
ambitious.” J. E. S.
76


Mrs. J. B. BROOKS, B.Litt.
A Message from Wenchow.
IN a letter from our Wenchow College
dated December 15th, Mrs. Stobie
writes :
“The letter with Christmas wishes and
sympathy from the Women’s Missionary
Auxiliary in the disaster that has fallen
on our mission here, reached me last
week. The thought of you all as a body
—each member—thinking of and praying
for us is grand and cheering in this time
of fearful strain on Mr. Stobie, who has
more on his mind and more duties than
any man should be called upon to under-
take.
We therefore send to the W.M.A. our
grateful thanks for their thought and
remembrance of us. We need the united
prayers of our people at home more than
ever, though we always need them. Then
the cable which has come from Rev. C.
Stedeford with the news that a thousand
pounds is available which, with five hun-
dred pounds cabled out by Mr. Swallow
a few weeks ago, now makes it possible
for Mr. Stobie to begin the rebuilding of
the chapels which were destroyed in the
typhoon. We are indebted to our whole
Denomination for this, I understand. We
are greatly cheered and touched by this
grand and noble response. My husband
wishes Mr. Sharman was here to help in
the matter of rebuilding, but his hands are
practically tied with college work. How-
ever, we are hoping to receive news by
any mail now that Mr. Sharman is on his
way. I am busy with training the girls
and teachers to learn and to sing four
Christmas hymns on Christmas Day ; they
are all verv enthusiastic over it. It is
rather a big strain on one’s throat. I have
had a heavv cold for some weeks now
and do not throw it off very easily, but
one has to forget these minor troubles
and enter into it as if one’s throat were
made of cast-iron !
Miss Ball was helping me last night,
for which I was grateful, for she has a
good voice.
To show how enthusiastic they are, I
must tell you that I had not had time to
go into the school yesterday morning, as
the teachers thought I should have done.
(I had set them a hymn in tonic sol-fa to
go on learning themselves. By the way,
they can sing and read it very well.) So
two of the women teachers, Mrs. Chew
and Mrs. Dzang, with four schoolgirls,
came to our house at 7 o’clock last night.
“To have a practice,” they said ! It was
raining and a dark night and very cold,
a night when the Chinese like to shut
themselves up in their houses to keep
themselves warm. They had only a small
lantern with a tiny bit of candle stuck in
it—just a glimmer only it gave—and I
had not had my evening meal either. Yet,
could I refuse them a practice? No, in-
deed. We started and we made the room
echo with those beautiful old-world Christ-
mas tunes. Anyone standing outside
would have been touched I’m sure.
Oh, what a loss is ours in Mrs. Dob-
son’s passing! Isn’t that an exquisite
article of hers—“The Milking-time”?
Her last one, I believe.*
Oh, may those thoughts be realized,
and may many of our young people turn
their eyes to the mission field ! We sadly
need them in Wenchow.
As this is our last term of service in
China—we come home in 1924—I should
like to see workers here to fill our places.
Miss Ball is over at the hospital work-
ing every afternoon. She needs a col-
league badly, and we sincerely hope one
other nurse will soon be sent out. I do
hope, too, that the Committee will see
their wav clear to send an educationist
for the girls’ school ere I leave Wenchow.
With greetings to the W.M.A. at
large, and again thanking them for their
sympathy. Yours affectionately,
Florence Stobie.
*"Yes.” See p. 199. 1922.—J.B.
77


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
It will be remembered, of course, that
Mi’. Sharman and Nurse B. Petrie Smith
left England early in the year (the
former January 2nd, the latter February
8th) and by now our lonely and over-
burdened workers in Wenchow will be
cheered by the arrival of these new helpers
whom they have so longed to see. J. B.
A Letter from Mrs. Bates, Ningpo
My Dear Friends,
It is nearly two years since I left the
dear homeland, and although the time
seems to have passed quickly yet much of
great interest has happened.
I feel very much at home here now, and
at this time of the year (December) the
weather is so charming that I wish all my
English friends were here to enjoy it.
After the trying heat of the summer we
certainly enjoy the crispness of autumn.
We are all so very pleased to hear that
Mr. Redfern is much better in health, and
we shall be glad to welcome Mr. and Mrs.
Redfern from their furlough. All our
mission work is progressing very favour-
ably. Mr. Bates is very busv in the Col-
lege, and I am trying to give a little help
there. I cannot do much for the Sunday
Schools because they are a long distance
from my home, and I can only manage
to attend our mission church on Sunday
mornings. Mrs. Redfern and all of you
will be glad to hear that the Chinese
helpers are doing splendidly in the three
Sunday Schools. I am wishing that I
had a few more gifts bv me for Christ-
mas. I cannot disappoint the children,
and I must endeavour to get a little gift
for each of them. I am hoping to have
a Christmas tree given to me, for I’m sure
they will be delighted to see one
decorated.
I will give you a brief account of the
college students’ mid-term holiday, which
took place on Saturday, November 25th.
It was decided to take a trip to the hills
and visit a very famous Temple named
Yiioh Wing Zi, so arrangements were
made for the boys to leave here at 5 a.m.
This sounds very early, and it was early,
for it was yet dark and a bitterly cold
morning. However, the procession of
about 100 students set off in high glee
with their lanterns and to the sound of
bugles.
Mr. Bates and I started a little later,
but it was early when we wended our
way to the canal there to take a boat. It
was quite true that we really had a rough
time of it, for a heavy sand-storm was
blowing from the north and our boat was
carried from one bank to the other. The
canal was fairly wide and might be called
a river. The rope which fastened the
sail broke two or three times, and occa-
sionally we were caught in the trees, but
we had to be patient, for I’m sure the
boatmen were quite anxious about us.
At last we arrived at the Temple and
found the boys well and happy and enjoy-
ing their mid-day meal. The Temple
was wonderful and most interesting. Five
hundred monks live there, and more than
five hundred labourers and servants ; so
you can imagine the size of the building.
Everything seemed well kept and well
organized, and the three shrines contained
costly images and furniture. A large
gilded image of Buddha was in the middle
shrine,* and we sat for a while and wit-
nessed the prayers which were offered.
The monks received payment when the
prayers were finished, so evidently they
had been offering special prayers for a
pilgrim. In another shrine there was sup-
posed to be a piece of Buddha’s bone
which was jealously guarded in a brass
tower.
These temples are the only places
where one can stay and get food ; and
really the monks are very kind and
hospitable. Our students talked quite
freely about the lives of the monks, and
they realize that living this secluded life
amongst Nature’s beautiful surroundings
may be quite ideal and conducive to calm-
ness of spirit, but it is not what Christ
did. He did not always live on the moun-
tain tops, but came down to the plains and
dwelt amongst the people. Buddhism
has good teaching, but Christianity must
replace and sanctify it. Our Chinese
teacher in his address to the boys said
that if we wished to lead the Christian
life we must serve the people and not
only serve ourselves. The Chinese need
very much to be taught the blessing of
giving service without gaining material
reward.
In the afternoon we walked about three
miles over the hills to another famous
temple, and there we saw Buddha’s tomb ;
See pp. 70-72.—Ed.
78


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
we were told that a few of Buddha’s
bones were buried there. The walk was
delightful, and we discovered that Chinese
boys are first-rate walkers.
After our next meal we were preparing
to return home when the boatman came
to tell us that we could not go because
â– of the strong wind. What were we to
•do? More than one hundred of us. with
no bedding and a bitter cold night, too.
The Chinese do not mind being uncom-
fortable, so the, boys slept on the floor in
•one room with a wadded quilt between
three of them. We were given a room,
but little bedding, and we were so cold
that sleep was impossible.
Early the next morning the boys were
-astir and left for the boats before break-
fast. They were able to. buy some hot
and cheap food in the village. At 7 a.m.
we were all comfortable in our boats
anticipating a merry sail homeward, but,
alas, we know what sometimes happens
to the “best laid schemes of mice and
men.” The weather proved too rough for
the boat, and after rowing us for about
half an hour they refused to go further.
The boys at first were not willing to
walk because of the long distance and the
•cold weather, but when I started to walk
they quickly got ahead of me, for they
were not going- to be beaten by a lady.
To walk about ten miles on such a day
was very trying and tedious, but in the
afternoon we welcomed the sight of dear
old Fidih, and after a rest and a good
meal we felt very well and happy and
laughed over our experiences.
We are now busy preparing for the
Christmas concert, and I am sure, if you
could be with us you would enjoy seeing
the English play, which is a Chinese story
translated into English.
Wishing our W.M.A. members a very
happy and prosperous New Year, with
God’s blessing enriching their noble
work.
I am, Yours very sincerely,
Leila Bates.
In the “Ningpo Mirror ” for December
last we find the following-, which will be
interesting to all our members,:
“Mrs. Bates may now be regarded as
on the staff of the college as she has
undertaken the teaching of English litera-
ture in the seventh and eighth years, to
give her husband, in the absence of Prin-
cipal Redfern, a little more time for
other duties.”
Miss Turner and her forty-three
bairns.
Writing about the end of November,
Miss Turner says :
“We are rejoicing in the return of
Sister Lily Armitt and that Dr. and Mrs.
Plummer are also with us. They are now
settled in and hard at work, and we are
all looking forward to the coming of
further helpers before long.
A Bible-search meeting for women
began as soon as the harvest was over
and closed a week ago.: now one for men
is going on. Next week there is to be
another opened for our Wutingfu women,
and Miss Armitt is going there for ten
days to take charge of it.
My school is in full swing, only one
vacant place amongst the boarders and
that already promised : some are nice
g-entle girls, some just the opposite with
whom one must begin on the bed-rock and
hope for the best.
One beautiful girl is the daughter of a
Fo Po (pronounced “Four pour,” a Bud-
dhist nun), who i.s averse to. her coming
to our school ; but her father, although
not himself a Christian, wants her to be
one and sends her to school.
Another—the school baby—arrived last
term in an old coat, filthy and ragged,
which had belonged to her dead mother.
We had to put her to bed, after a bath,
until clothing could be prepared for her.
Her father, a travelling pedlar, is a Chris-
tian, but seems to have no idea of his
child’s needs.
Yu Tsai Yuan—now Chou Yu Ssu—
whom I have reckoned my own girl, was
married during the summer holidays to
one of our students ; and, as he is still
at Peking, she is staying on for the
present to teach the day-girls.
We have to be very careful about this
kind of thing because educated girls are
still so new a development that they are
inclined to think themselves altogether too
great to descend, or condescend, to wifely
duties. We are now having trouble with
one old pupil who refuses to go back to-
iler husband, her only ground of com-
plaint being that he is not a hsien-sheng
(member of the teaching class) but only
a farmer.
79


A Costly Bible
I am like the old woman in the shoe,
my bairns keep me g'oing all the time, so
that my only chance for outside work is
in the holidays. However, I believe mine
is work that pays, and I keep on hoping
and praying that each one of these girls
may be of use in the world later on.
We are looking forward to Miss Bed-
nail’s arrival next year, and, now, to that
of my brother and his wife, in a day or
two ; and we think of you all preparing
to welcome Mrs. Butler and all the mem-
bers of the Deputation back to England
during this week.
The passing of Mrs. Dobson was a
shock to us all, but she has surely gone
to higher service.
With every good wish for our dear
Women’s Missionary Auxiliary.
Yours in the Master’s service,
Annie J. Turner.
More workers are sadly needed : are
you finding them out and preparing them ?
-A. J. T.
That is the searching' question of one
who has given the best of her life to work
among the girls of China.
Are we doing our very best in response ?
We must not fail in this, our most im-
portant service.—J. B.
A Costly Bible.
“ About fifty years ago a merchant cap-
tain was surprised, on touching at one of
the South Sea Islands, to find the people,
who were heathen, asking him, the
moment he cast anchor, if he could give
them ‘ The Word of God-’ They had
heard of it, somehow or other, several
years before, and had been wearying for
some ship to come. The captain, who
must have been one of the worst of men,
told them that fortunately he had a
‘ Word of God,’ but that it was such an
exceedingly rare and valuable article that
he could not part with it, except for a
large quantity of oil. An agreement was
made by which the natives were to give
him 120 gallons, value at least £20, for
his Bible, marked 3s. on the cover. The
poor people went to work with a will,
and having succeeded in gathering the
quantity of oil demanded obtained their
Bible, but did not know what to do with
their prize when they had got it, for not
one of them could read a word of it. So
it was wrapped carefully up in ever so
many folds of tappa mats and coco-nut
leaves, and hung up in the chief’s house,
and there it remained for years till a mis-
sionary came to the island and opened to
them the Scriptures.
Hon. Herbert Meade.
Sudan girls. [Favoured by Bible Society.
Pupils in the C.M.S. school at Khartoum. Notice their clear features
and elaborately-plaited hair. .
80


made, sees perhaps one on whom He smiles,
because in his or her life He has realized His
idea?—J. M. Blake.
Students’ Missionary Mr- FRED cottrell.
Demonstration.
HE twenty-third Demonstration ar-
ranged by the students of our Col-
lege has been of an unusually
encouraging and inspiring nature this
year. The meetings were held on Wed-
nesday, March 7th, at Zion Church, Lees,
a church hallowed by association with
many interesting characters of the past.
The afternoon meeting was presided
over by Mr. Jas. A. Buckley, J.P., who
urged a more international outlook as the
necessity of the day, pointing out that as
England owed so much to foreign mis-
sions, so it was her privilege to forward
the spread of the Gospel in other lands.
The speakers at this gathering were two
Staff and Students, 1922—23.
t> T . J- Angove, A. S. Reece, S. Luke, E. J. Hough.
K- J. Doidge. J. Scott, A. J. Noon, I). H. Smith, F. Haiper, J. S. Yearsley. F. W. Doar, N. H. Baker, J. Jackson,
G. Burgon. E. Hardy, K. W. May, H. H. Squire.
I. J. Townsend, E. Sandbach, F. Cottrell, Rev. G. G. Hornby, M.B.D., Rev J. T. Brewis, B.A., B.D.,
Rev. E. W. Hirst, M.A., B.Sc., Mr. W. Clunne Lees, Prof, of Eloc., H. E. Hamblin, ^G. Nottle.
W. P. Beard. J. Ware.
May, 1923.


Students’ Missionary Demonstration
the course of his address, reminded us of
the weakened sense of sin and consequent
indifference to missions amongst young
people to-day. Only as Jesus Christ came
into full power in present-day life could
the needs of men be satisfied. China, in
particular, was looking for such a
Saviour, and the hope was expressed that
Christians would realize their responsi-
bility to the world. Mr. E. J. Hough
took as his subject “The Greatest Mis-
sionary Motive,” and spoke of the remark-
able possibilities before the missionary
societies in China, Japan, India and
Africa. The greatest motive was the
mind and spirit of Jesus Christ, and the
believ.ers at home must have these in their
.hearts if the work abroad was to be
•carried on successfully.
A good number stayed to tea, which
had been provided by Zion friends, and
the proceeds of which went to the
Demonstration Fund.
The Mayor of Stockport (Alderman C.
Royle) was the chairman at the evening
meeting, and in his remarks identified
himself entirely with foreign missions.
The theory of “war to end war” had
been proved to be a fallacy ; permanent
peac.e could only be secured by a spread
of the Gospel of Jesus Christ to the grow-
ing nations of the world, as well as
amongst our own countrymen.
Our speaker at this meeting, Rev.
F. R. Craddock, of Yunnan, met with an
enthusiastic reception. We all welcomed
an opportunity of accompanying Mr.
Craddock on an imaginary trip from
Hong-Kong to the far-off hills where his
work lay. We saw the busy streets of
Yunnan-Fu ; we shared the discomforts
of the Chinese inn ; we wondered at the
glory of the hill ranges ; we marvelled at
the amount of work to be done in the
hamlets which were dotted about amongst
those hills. At Tong Chuan we stayed a
while to visit the beautiful Confucian
temple before setting off once more for
the distant station of Chao Tong. We
saw the work of the missionary in the
lives of some who met us, and realized
the possibilities which lay in the evan-
gelization of such a people as the
Chinese. Our speaker referred to the ex-
tremely difficult task of understanding
the Chinese mind, and led us on to appre-
ciate the imperative need of training
native leaders, those who could influence
their fellow countrymen as no European
could hope to do. The young men and
women of China were exceedingly anxious
to know more of Jesus, but the work of the
missionary society was sorely hampered
by inadequate financial support. Mr.
Craddock made an earnest appeal to all
for their support and prayer for the suc-
cess of a work, the possibilities of which
were so great.
During the evening the choir rendered
anthems, and Principal Brewis offered
prayer on behalf of those who had gone
or were about to go to work in other
lands.
At the close of the meeting the
Students’ Missionary Secretary was able
to announce that in raising the sum of
£117 13s. 6d. all previous college records
had been beaten. The students would
particularly thank Rev. F. J. Lindley and
Mr. Cuthbert Lawton with their helpers
at Zion, for having done so much to make
our Demonstration such an outstanding
success. The fact that it has been pos-
sible to raise almost £120 in the difficult
times through which we are passing is
an achievement for which the profoundest
thanks to God are given.
Missionary interest in the College is as
strong as ever it was, and those who are
on the field may be assured that they have
no more loyal supporters than the men I
in our College at Victoria Park.

Brothers!
Egerton Young gives an exquisite
episode in his mission to a tribe of red
men. He dwelt on the Fatherhood of
God with great earnestness. Presently a
chief in his feathers and deerskin rose and
said “White man, do you say that God
is the Father of the white man? ” “Yes.1
“And is He the Father of the red man? ”
“Yes.” “Then the red man and the
white man are brothers?” “Yes.
“Why did not our white brothers, if they
knew it, come and tell us this before? ”
82


From the
Mission House. c. stedeford.
The The ingathering' of indivi-
Dcvelopment duals is the first stage in
of Church the missionary process.
Consciousness These individual enquirers
•on the and believers are brought
Mission Field, into association through
meetings for devotion and
instruction. It takes considerable time
to develop in them the sense of spiritual
unity and corporate obligation resulting
from their common fellowship with the
same Living Lord. When that stage is
reached the new Church consciousness is
awakened, bringing a sense of new respon-
sibilities, new powers and new opportuni-
ties. A vast number of churches in China
are now emerging into this new experi-
ence. In some places the new life is
breaking forth into various forms of in-
dependent activity which desire to exhibit
the Church in her distinctively Chinese
character rather than as bearing the stamp
of the foreign missionary enterprise. This
does not indicate any revolt against the
foreign missionary. It is the inevitable
outcome of a movement among a people
deeply imbued with traditional and
patriotic feeling. It creates an atmo-
sphere which demands the utmost tact
and discretion on the part of the mis-
sionary. The missionary has to guide
sympathetically a movement which he
hopes will enable the Church to feel at last
independent of his aid, but he realizes
that young life is too often ready to regard
itself independent of aid before it has
either the strength or the wisdom to act
alone.
Mr. Mylne is recognising these develop-
ments in our Church at Chaotong. He
believes that less prominence being given
to the foreign missionary will result in a
greater ingathering of the people. In
agreement with this view the Executive
appointed Rev. John Lee, B.A., to the
pastorate of the Chaotong Church. A
new experiment has also been made in
Church finance by the use of weekly-
offering envelopes. The result is that the
offerings from Chinese sources have
multiplied six or seven times, and there
are expectations of further improvement.
Another very encouraging feature is the
gradual growth in the number of people
attending the services and the various
classes in connection with the Church.
All these indications are very promising,
and they point to the establishment of
that self-supporting and self-propagating
Church which is like the breaking forth
of streams of water in a desert-place.
Doings in The world is not standing
Yunnanfu. still at Yunnanfu, either
inside or outside our little
Church.
The site purchased for a new chapel,
on the main street from the station to the
city, is already being turned to account.
One of the shops on the street has been
converted into a place for preaching. A
new front has been put in with glass win-
dows and the place suitably furnished.
Women’s meetings are being held in the
main building of the property, which has
been cemented and made suitable, and
next year it is intended to open a kinder-
garten school.
Mr. Dymond reports that he saw the
first motor-car ever seen in Yunnanfu
pass down the main street. He also says
that an attempt to fly an aeroplane
resulted in a serious accident, injuring two
men.
A beautiful illustration of how the fruit
of our vine has grown over the wall is
seen in Mr. Dymond’s account of Miss
Liu Ren-chen. “Miss Liu Ren-chen,
formerly a pupil at the Chaotong girls’
school, recently returned from Shanghai,
and in passing through preached in our
chapel to the great delight of our people.
One was impressed with the spiritual
glow of her message. Staying as a guest
in our home we felt how wonderfully the
grace of God was manifest in her beau-
tiful spirit. One day she said * The Lord
has taken away all covetousness out of
my heart.’ Her great longing is ‘ O to
be spiritual, a really spiritual woman.’
Miss Liu is a living epistle, a testimony
of what the power of Jesus really is.”
“Pray for
peace in
Yunnan; a
strong'
government;
safe roads.”
the report of
This appeal for prayer is
taken from the report of
Rev. F. J. Dymond, and
the urgent need of it is
emphasized in other re-
ports from that District.
Here are sentences from
Mr. Hudspeth. “Brigands
83


From the Mission House
have captured preachers, broken up Sun-
day services and looted villages. Happily,
when the brigands discovered that the
captured men were preachers of the Gos-
pel they were immediately released, and
the looted goods were returned to Chris-
tian villages. In this the Miao trace the
hand of God ; and who will say they are
wrong? ” This exceptional treatment of
our Christians on the part of the brigands
is remarkable, and is, I believe, very rare.
When I was in Yunnan we were con-
stantly receiving stories of the heartless
suffering inflicted upon Christians and
Christian villages by the brigands. One
of the most pathetic sights I ever looked
upon was a heap of stones, surrounded by
rough stakes driven into the ground, to
mark the grave of one of our colporteurs,
who was murdered and robbed of the
thirty odd dollars he was taking home to
his widowed mother and motherless chil-
dren. Mr. Dymond spoke of him as a
good worker and a sincere Christian. This
event was a serious check upon the
labours of all our preachers who were un-
willing to venture far if there were
rumours of trouble in a district. On
account of brigandage our missionaries
have long been prevented from visiting
the work among, the Kopu.
It is therefore our duty to pray that the
word of God be no longer hindered in
Yunnan by the brigands, that a period of
peace may be established with a firm an.d
righteous government, that the roads may
be made safe for the messengers of Christ,
and that all the churches may be delivered
from the haunting dread of lurking foes.
Miao as It is remarkable that the
Missionaries. Miao have always shown
the true missionary spirit.
The news they have received they desire
to tell to others. Mr. Hudspeth alludes
to this fact in his report and gives some
recent illustrations of the same spirit.
“Three Miao preachers have done
splendid service in Ko-land, where Yang
Chi is regarded as the apostle to the
Kop’u. For eleven years he has left
house, wife and children, and done yeo-
Travelling in the Mission buggy in Shantung.
The driver walking on the bank.
[T. Butler, Esq., JP-
84


A Noteworthy Collector
man service amongst the Ko. Two men
have laboured with the C.I.M. at Sapus-
han, and six men have worked amongst
the Chuan or River Miao. We think that
this missionary work is a great blessing
to our people. It teaches them one of the
great essentials of Christianity, and
develops a conviction the Miao have had
from the beginning that the Good News
must be preached to all. In one of his
visits to the Chuan Miao, James dis-
covered a village which had never been
visited by any of our preachers, but in
which the people met together for prayer
and singing. On enquiry as to who had
taught them to pray and sing, James was
informed that they had been taught by
their relatives. At a place called Hsiao-
k’ong-pa, in the summer, as many as five
hundred people met on Sundays for wor-
ship, and this centre has not been visited
by a missionary. While itinerating, Mr.
Chong called in a village eight days’ dis-
tant from Stone Gateway, and he was wel-
comed because he came from the Gospel
Hall which first taught the Good News to
the Miao. ”*
Mr. Hudspeth bears tribute to the
splendid way in which his colleagues, both
Miao and Chinese, have thrown them-
selves into the building of the Kingdom.
He says they shoulder their burdens in a
manner which makes one feel proud of
them, and that they are an honour to our
Church.
Miss Taylor The recent return of these
and Nurse ladies has closed for a
Jennings. time the service of unmar-
ried lady workers in East
Africa. Nurse Jennings was necessitated
to return early in the year on account of
breakdown in health, and the same reason
would make her going out again very
inadvisable. Miss Taylor returned last
month by the Committee’s invitation.
These ladies laboured faithfully and well
in the sphere found for them, but it ap-
peared that the mission at Meru had not
reached that stage when they could devote
themselves entirely to work among women
and girls. Their return necessarily brings
disappointment to them and to many
others, and we should be much happier if
there were no necessity for reconsidering
the advisability of appointing unmarried
*See also April, p. 76.—Ed.
lady workers to East Africa. One point
seems to be fairly clear, that beyond the
services of the missionary’s wife, there is
hardly the proper scope for young lady
workers until the local church has attained
a degree of settlement and development.
(See also pp. 96, 97.)
A Noteworthy Collector.
It will be remembered that from 1913
to 1918 we made a practice of making
reference to these, and during that period
we showed the photographs and gave the
excellent records of 171 of these faithful
helpers. We then discontinued. Many
times since we have had reports sent, but
we have respectfully declined them, for
obvious reasons. There is an exception
to every rule (except one), and we have
pleasure in printing the following letter
from Mr. J. T. Threlfall, of Southport.
Mrs. Hill, High Park, Southport.
“When Thomas Wakefield laid down the
sceptre of African service his work for Chris-
tian missions did not cease. The Home
Churches felt the impact of his gracious
spirit and tremendous faith. He touched the
springs of Christian generosity, and with un-
wearied zeal pleaded the cause of heathen
peoples. In no circuit of the homeland, per-
haps, was he more deeply venerated and
loved than in that of Churchtown, the scene
of his final pastorate, from 1887 to 1901. He
died Dec. 15, that year. In the quiet village
churchyard his body rests. Prominent
amongst the faithful missionary workers in
this circuit is the lady whose contributions
and service we here commemorate.
Her annual amounts record a constancy of
service worthy of the widest emulation. Nor
has her work been confined to this branch of
missionary endeavour. She has rendered
splendid service to the W.M.A., and has
occupied responsible office.”
It transpires that Mrs. Hill com-
menced her missionary collecting imme-
diately after Mr. Wakefield’s death, for
her first return was made in 1902. Thus
for 21 years without a break her quiet
work has been done ; the lowest in any
year being 6s., and the highest £1 18s. 2d.
To get the actual value of such service we
must not judge by the amount but by the
labour of love which it represents. Long
ago we told a story of two missionary
boxes opened in the same circuit, one con-
taining over £5 and the other yielding
,£1 6s. 3d. ; and the latter was the larger.
85


My Return to
West China.
Y the time these farewell words of
mine appear in print, I hope to be
well forward on my long journey to'
the East. One’s feelings, at this time of
preparation for many years of absence
from the homeland, with all it stands for
of inspiration and service, must be of a
very varied nature. There cannot but be
regrets, mixed with the hopes of increased
usefulness, which the mission field offers
to the missionary doctor.
Some of those to whom we now speak
words of farewell we shall not meet again
on earth ; others, with whom we have
formed close bonds of friendship, may
form other ties when we are further
separated by time and space. Neverthe-
less, with all that we leave here behind
us, there is a deep satisfaction in the look-
ing forward to a renewal of medical work
in China.
It is both a joy and a privilege to return
to our West China field, to help in work
which has been singularly blessed of God
Dr, Lilian M. Dingle.
Dr. LILIAN DINGLE.
in the past, and to which the best years
of so many noble lives have been given.
I am glad to be going back to the old.
hospital at Chao-tong Fu, and look for-
ward to the recognition of many familiar
faces, as well as to the meeting with new
friends who have joined us. After eleven
years there will be many changes—the
work has grown, the Church has been
enlarged and is filled every Sunday. The
hospital, perhaps, will not long be large
enough to meet the needs of this great
district.
I have been interested in reading about
the Leper Colony in West China—one or
two lepers came in the early years, but
we could then do little for them. Now,
through increase of knowledge of the pro-
perties of certain oils, we can offer them
some hope of relieving many of the more
trying symptoms of the disease, even
though we cannot yet definitely promise a
cure. But we are moving towards the
day when the lepers shall be cleansed of
their leprosy. The scientist in the labora-
tory is also working for the coming of the
Kingdom of God upon the earth. For
our increasing powers of relieving pain
and disease are due, very largely, to the
efforts of scientific men in the solution of
problems of chemistry and biology. How
true it often is that:
The healing of His seamless dress
Is by our beds of pain.
We touch Him in Life’s throng and press
And we are whole again.
But, however I felt, I should have to
go just the same! For I do believe that
our Lord Christ is Himself leading me
to the help of the suffering women and
children of China. And I thank Him that
He entrusts me with this service of love
for Him.
Your readers will, I know, remember
me with the others who serve the Master
in China and Africa. The thought of
this is a strength and comfort.
Dr. Dingle sailed on April 14th in the
“Katora Maru.”
F6


A Poet of
Rational Hope.
Miss S. GERTRUDE FORD.
From “World's Work.” (By permission.)
Mr. CHALMERS ROBERTS.
(In the series, “ Men and Women of To-
Day,” the first place for January last is occu-
pied by the poet laureate of this magazine.
The Editor, Mr. Chalmers Roberts, has
kindiy given permission to copy the appre-
ciative article. Miss Ford has contributed
to the “ Echo ” bi-monthly for the greater
part of the present editorship, the first poem
appearing in May, 1907. She speaks of them
as her “Song-gifts for Missions.” Her pho-
tograph appeared in our issue for September,
1913, when we reprinted an appreciation of
her from “The Bookman.”)

LITERARY note to the effect
that yet another edition of Miss
Gertrude Ford’s now well-known
book Lessons in Verse-craft has been pub-
lished, draws one’s attention anew to this
remarkable literary figure and her still
more remarkable career.
Few, if any, who have attained distinc-
tion in the great commonwealth of letters
have done so in face of more forbidding
odds. Her career reads almost like a
romance. It has in it, indeed, some of
those elements of struggle that went to
make notable the life of another famous
woman-writer, Emily Bronte ; but Miss
Ford differs from the great Victorian in
that she has always sounded a strong
note of optimistic idealism through all
her work. She may very fittingly be
called “The poet of rational hope,” and
would not herself resent the .designation.
She was born in the Rossendale Valley,
a great hive of industry in Lancashire,
where cotton is spun and woven, and
where, undoubtedly, her democratic in-
stincts were developed and shaped. They
were strengthened in those years when
she was working as a telephone operator,
work which proved too great a strain
upon her always delicate constitution.
Few writers either of prose or poetry
have a more facile command over the
beauties of our language. But heredity
counts here, for her uncle was the famous
Dr. Ford, who for sixty-seven years was
organist at Carlisle Cathedral and a well-
known composer.
As a child of four she had planned a
story : at ten she was writing good prose :
at fourteen a striking poem appeared in
the “Blackburn Weekly Telegraph.” She
has gone from success to success until,
now her position is perfectly assured.
The late Stopford Brooke was a great
admirer of her work, and so was the late
W. T. Stead, who made an exception to
his rule not to print poetry in “ The
Review of Reviews,” and gave in its
pages her beautiful peace-poem, “The
New Crusade.”
Miss Ford has also numbered as wise
counsellors and kindly friends such,
famous, literary fig-ures as the late Mrs.
Meynell, Sir William Watson, Mr. A. G.
Gardiner, Lady Margaret Sackville, and'
(this, no doubt, for her virile interna-
tionalism), ex-President Woodrow Wil-
son, the one hero she permits herself.
About her poem “To a Pioneer of Dis-
armament,” that great statesman wrote
to her as follows : “ It touches me that the
tribute should be intended for me ; and I
want you to know what pride and cheer
such a tribute brings me. The poem is
in itself very beautiful, and it has more
than beauty—it has deep and simple sin-
cerity, and is therefore very moving.”*
Miss Ford’s activities are widespread
and numerous. She is conducting a
" Poet’s School ” for young enthusiasts in
two magazines, and also running a
“Reader’s Page” in one of them. But
she is equally at home in writing tren-
chant articles on social and political
issues, and some of her dialect sketches
of Lancashire, about which, as an acute
observer, she knows so much, are among
the best that have ever been written.
In addition to all this, Miss Ford is
constantly writing poems which find
ready hospitality in some of the best
periodicals. Much of this work, hap-
pily, is permanently preserved in her
numerous volumes, principal of which
must be mentioned : Lyric Leaves (Daniel),
Poems of War and. Peace, and A Crown of
Amaranth (Erskine Macdonald).
Miss Ford is a true artist in her work ;
but an artist, also, in her devotion to
worthy causes. In pursuit of right she
never flinches nor falters ; and greater
worldly gain would, no doubt, have come
* Specially secured from Miss Ford in order to be
explicit.—Ed.
87


The Wenchow Typhoon
to her if she had been less eager in her
demand for social justice, international
peace, and women’s freedom. But she is
supremely happy in it all, and would not
have it otherwise. In the words of th.e
late Canon Langbridge, just before he
died, “Miss Ford has done so much for
the world, and done it so charmingly.”
•=§=> <=$=>
The Wenchow Rev. W. R. STOBIE
Typhoon.
The ruins of our Rainbow Bridge Church (Ong Djiae), destroyed in the
typhoon of last September. This was the head chapel of the circuit, and some-
times had an audience of from five to six hundred, especially on Communion
Sunday, or at the time of the District Meeting. The members have promised
about $300 towards its re-erection, although houses and harvest in that district
suffered extensive damage.
Rainbow Bridge is a large market village about 35 miles from Wenchow city,
lying behind low coast hills about two miles in a direct line from the sea. Less
than twenty years ago this was the head of a more extensive circuit. Now more
than 50 churches are grouped into three circuits.
The picture shows part of a Sunday afternoon congregation in December last
during the District meetings. The leader is Pastor Lu, who .during the Boxer
riots of 1900 was attacked, reduced to insensibility, and thrown into a river.
Other photographs have been sent by M r. Stobie, and they shall appear if possible.
—Ed.
.Rainbow Bridge Ruins, Wenchow.
88


Chair Coolies Rev. c. n. mylne.
(and others)
THE means of transit open to
travellers in China are varied
enough to suit the most fastidious
tastes. At Shanghai you can ride in a
rickshaw, and have a series of free thrills,
as the “coolie ” dodges motor-cars,
tram-cars, and other movables. You can
leave Shanghai on an up-river tub, and
spend all night enjoying the ozone from
a delicious mudbank. Further along
you can board a native junk, and whilst
dodging whirlpools and scraping rocks,
oan spend your time wishing you had
taken out a bigger insurance policy. Or,
if you prefer the overland route, you can
be propelled in a wheelbarrow modelled
on the very one Noah used for getting
foodstuffs into the Ark. Seeing that,
when the wind is favourable, your “bar-
row coolie ” will hoist a sail, you merely
have to sit and shut your eyes to enjoy
the combined pleasures of land and ocean
travel, provided always :—that the wind
isn’t too strong, so as to capsize you ;
that the wheel doesn’t slip out of its
socket ; that it doesn’t get in a rut and
tip you over ; that the whole concern
doesn’t get in the ditch ; that the weather
and the roads allow the coolie to keep
on his feet ; and that a few other things
do, or do not happen, then (perhaps)
you’ll get to your destination in safety.
Rut if this style is too plebeian for your
refined tastes, why, you can ride in state
on a bullock-cart. This will enable you
to appreciate the spontaneous harmony
produced by the
friction of dry
hubs on gritty
axles. Soothed
by these wheel
melodies your
mind is freed
from petty,
mundane w o r-
ries, and all
vour latent
poetic instincts
awake to life, as
between the
bumps and jerks
of your carriage,
you softly mur-
A four-man chair in Yunnan.
[Rev. R. H. Goldsworthy
nuir :
“ The Isles of Grease, the Isles of
Grease 1 1 !
Where ”—(but you know tire rest?)
We once read of a missionary who in-
troduced a motor cycle into China, but
he isn’t in China now, and quite right
too. To bring that sno-rty, smelly siz-
zling smotherer, into this primitive para-
dise of procrastination, is a crime against
Chinese humanity. The offender should
count himself lucky to be merely expelled
from the country.
In some places you can vary the mode
of locomotion with a choice between
riding horses or mules, on which you can
furiously rush over some of the eighteen
provinces at speeds varying between
three and four miles an hour, that is, un-
less the quadruped takes to giving you
free somersaults ; or having’ a friendly
roll with you in a convenient dyke ; or
doing a jazz turn on its hind legs, while
crossing a mountain ledge, two feet wide,
with a straight drop of a thousand feet
to the river. If variety is the spice of
life, then, so far as travelling is con-
cerned, China needs to import very little
seasoning.
But the aforementioned, together with
railways and so forth, are only found in
scattered regions. The genuine, out-and-
out universal locomotion in China is by
sedan chair, specimens of which, in
various stages of decay, are met with in
all the provinces. The sedan chair is
monarch of the road, and the chair coolies
89


Chair Coolies (and others)
form a huge army of the most hardy,
crafty and fun-loving rascals ever re-
cruited for one purpose. Let it be said at
once that carrying sedan chairs is an art
in itself, requiring great skill and endur-
ance in view of what, out of politeness,
we call the “roads.” These are mere
cattle tracks, crawling up and down and
around the steep mountain sides, through
narrow and rocky ravines, and crossing
wide unbridged rivers, where the water
flows so deep and swift as to be a peril
to foothold.
On the road your rank is accredited by
the number of men who carry your chair.
A four-man chair takes precedence of all
traffic, and woe betide the luckless wight
who lingers in the way when a four-man
chair swings by. It is an all too com-
mon sight to see pedestrians knocked
flat on the ground through paying no
heed to the shouts of the chairmen. Nor
will the unlucky sufferer get any sym-
pathy from bystanders ; he should have
jumped out of the way.
We will take a short journey on a
Yunnan road with some chair coolies.
They have undertaken (for, of course,
gentle reader, you would not travel with
less than four men, if only on the ground
of humanity !) to carry you for five days,
from Chao T’ong to Tong Ch’uan. The
nearest railway station is twelve days
away, the nearest seaport nearly three-
weeks. Not being a Buffalo Bill you are
not anxious to take a five-day course in
gymnastics on the back of a mountain
pony. Nor do you feel quite equal to a
Mr. Mylne’s little girl ’.Ola) ready for
a mountain journey.
daily ten-hour-scramble on foot over a
barbarous country, as destitute of roads
as the top of Mount Everest, so you en-
gage a sedan chair. For this you will
need to pay at least Is. 9d. a day per man.
For this exorbitant ( !) charge they
merely carry you one stage of the road.
True, the road may go up many thousands
of feet above sea-level, and down through
rocky defiles, where the heat on the rocks
blisters' the feet, or across bridgeless
rivers with splendid chances of being
drowned. But still, the average journey
only takes about eight hours, or ten, if
the weather is wet, so it is obvious that
these charges are most outrageous ! ! !
Then, in addition, every four or five
stages, you are compelled by custom to
give each coolie half a pound of pork.
This is another imposition ! Finally, at
the end of a journey, you must dig deep
into that tiny missionary pocket and give
a gratuity, often as much as 3d. or Id.
per man. This gratuity used to be called
wine money, but out of regard for the
tender susceptibilities of Christian mis-
sionaries the coolies kindly refer to it as
tea money. Just calculate what the wages
of four coolies for five days will amount
to, plus pork and tea money, and then
compare it with the cost of five days’
travelling in England, and you will find
there is a great difference (!) between
the two*. But the subject is too painful,
so we will get on with our journey.
Accustomed as you are, dear reader, to
good English roads, you must please dis-
abuse your mind of the idea that any
such thing
exists in this
art of the
world. There
are no public
authorities t o
attend to such
things, and
what little road
making is done
the business
firms see to,
doing the mini-
mum necessary
to maintain the
“ road ” in a just
passable condi-
tion. Sometimes
the “road ” is
a raised path
[Rev. R. H. Goldsworthy.
90


Chair Coolies (and others)
between miles of paddy fields. It is built
up of the mud scooped out of the fields
by the farmers, previous to planting the
young rice. Often this road is six feet
or more above the paddy. We have
known the road just built to be two feet
wide, but as time goes on rain and the
constant tread of passing travellers wear
this two feet down to a razor edge. Four
men carrying a sedan chair over such a
road on a wet day need a great deal of
skill to retain the perpendicular. The
occupant of the chair meanwhile sits with
a perpetual palpitation, expecting every
moment to receive gratis a muddy bap-
tism. Or, more frequently, the “road ”
will be a narrow ledge running along the
mountain side, with a convenient and
sufficient drop straight down to the river
if you should be tired of life. There may
have been a time, aeons since, when the
ledge went straight like the letter I. But
in many places the rains of centuries have
washed out huge gutters which have bent
the I into a letter V put on its side.
This gutter may take the road with it
into the hillside for twenty, or two hun-
dred yards, yet be only a few yards wide
at the mouth, where the straight road
used to be, and a few feet only at the far
end. The chair poles are about fourteen
feet long, and the coolies when carrying
need about eighteen feet of standing
ground. Now, reader, try and imagine
the skill required to negotiate a sedan
chair across this V in the road? This is
a true “washout.” We have many
thousands of them on our roads and
some of them are terrors for coolies and
“fares.” Occasionally, up among the
mountains, we shall cross little plains,
with a few miles of earth roads. These
make good going in dry weather, but in
the rainy season, they become the most
detestable quagmires. Long trains of
packhorses pass by, each horse stepping-
in the track of the previous one, until the
flat road becomes a succession of
uuuuuu’s, each one several inches deep
and filled with water. Ten miles of
such a road with the rain pouring down
makes the coolies blasoheme, and even
the missionary feels sufficiently wretched
to sympathise where he should reprove.
Chair coolies like to carry foreigners, but
especially missionaries, who, as a rule,
are what the coolies would call “soft
goods,” i.e., more likely to walk uphill
than the Chinese. Then, again, these
foreigners have such absurd notions, such
as the need for daily exercise, and so
forth. However, the coolie is quite will-
ing to indulge these fads, and will place
no obstacle in your way, even if you wish
to walk the whole of the daily stage. On
this point you will find him most accom-
modating. We ourselves have been num-
bered among the soft goods, until experi-
ence taught us better. We had a brand
new, never-used-straight-from-the-factory
set of ideals, and we were full of pity for
our poor yellow brother, so at the bottom
of one of the steepest hills in the pro-
vince we got out to walk. What a glow
of satisfaction we felt! ! Wouldn’t the
coolies get a good impression of Chris-
tianity through our thoughtful action?
Sure enough they did ! Yo-u could see the
great impression made, as that empty
chair went swinging up the hill, four men
carrying about twenty pounds apiece.
Born up at these high altitudes, the sons
of generations born and bred 7,000 feet
or more above sea level, the climbing did
not affect them, they were in their native
air. But the Christian idealist, accus-
tomed only to the sea-level of English
roads, could only come gasping behind,
climbing for five minutes and then a rest.
About half an hour after the chair dis-
appeared over the top ridge, we arrived
at the top too, with our heart beating at
(apparently) 800 to the minute, our breath
coming in asthmatical wheezes, head
throbbing painfully, and black spots
dancing before our eyas, while we
dropped down on a friendly rock dead
beat. There at the top were the coolies,
stretched out fast asleep, luxuriating. We
did not mind this, not one little bit, for
were we not making a good impression
on them? But, alas, for human nature!
While we sat there panting, two of the
men woke up, looked at us, and then at
each other, a humorous gleam passing
between the two. That mutual glance
was a revelation to us, saying as plainly
as possible, “Isn’t he a silly lunatic,
nearly killing himself climbing this high
hill, when he has us here to carry
him ! ! ! ” “Well, now,” we said to our-
selves, “is that really so? If we have
been foolish we will make amends, and
vou shall see that we have learned wis-


Bookland
dom.” Just then up the same hill came
four coolies carrying a big box. Now
the weights carried are fixed by custom,
each man taking about 80 lbs. Here
then were four men cheerfully carrying at
least 320 lbs., with no chance of getting
rid of it till the journey’s end. Ourselves
and chair would not weigh more than
220 lbs. No wonder the coolies smiled?
But they learned to respect our wisdom
after that as we mixed a little sense with
our pity.
(To be continued.)
Prayer Union.
Wilt thou lay down thy life for My
sake?—John 13 : 38.
Those prayers are most granted which
seem most denied.—F. W. Faber.
Hymns :
Master ! speak, Thy servant heareth.
Blow ye the trumpet, blow.
I am Thine, O Lord.
May 6.—Nosu Circuit, W’est China.
Rev. C. E. Hicks. Pp. in Report, 41, 42.
Isa. 27.
May 13.—Wenchow College. Principal
T. W. Chapman, M.Sc. Pp. 36, 37.
Isa. 35.
May 20 (Whit-Sunday).—For Pentecos-
tal blessing on all our folk, at home and
abroad. Acts 2.
May 27.—W.M.A. Council at Dudley,
29th and 30th. Mrs. O. P. Rounsefell and
Mrs. Wood. Pp. 76-87. Isa. 40 : 1-17.
O Lord our God, who hast bidden the
light to shine out of darkness, accept now
â– n Thy endless mercy, the sacrifice of our
worship and thanksgiving, and grant unto us
all such requests as may be wholesome for
us. Remember, O Lord, according to the
multitude of Thy mercies, Thy whole Church;
all who join with us in prayer ; all our
brethren by land or sea, or wherever they
may be in Thy vast kingdom, who stand in
need of Thy grace and succour. Pour out
upon them the riches of Thy mercy, so that
we, redeemed in soul and body, and steadfast
in faith, may ever praise Thy wonderful and
holy name.—Greek Church.
Will secretaries remember p. 67 of our
last number?
Bookland. Rev. w. a. grist
Alexander Duff, Pioneer of
Missionary Education.*
HIS book gives in a succinct, vivid
manner the story of Alexander
Duff,—the bold initiator of a new
policy of missionary work in North
India. Mr. William Paton writes vigor-
ously, incisively, in a direct undecorated
style ; in the brief compass of 230 pages
he puts the reader in possession of the
main facts of Duff’s life, and succeeds
amazingly in relating the movement set
going in Calcutta to the momentous
problems of India to-day.
Duff was a missionary of the Church
of Scotland, who when the Disruption
came allied himself with Chalmers and
the other leaders of the Fr.ee Church. He
illustrates the possibility of combining a
broad evangelism with the work of educa-
tion. After suffering shipwreck twice
Duff reached Calcutta in 1830, with a
general charge to start a new educa-
tional mission. At the age of twenty-
four, this daring innovator, having sur-
veyed the work already begun, formed
his judgment that the English language
was the best medium for conducting
Christian education. Arrayed against
him were the majority of missionaries
already on the field, and the settled
policy of the supreme Government.
“Teach the Indian youth English,”
argued Duff, and you open to him all the
doors of Western learning. Orientalists
and Anglicists were opposed ; but Duff
received enough encouragement to go
ahead, and swiftly achieved success, so
much that ere long other missions
adopted a like method.
Bible instruction was boldly set in the
centre of his work, all other branches of
higher school teaching were grouped
around this chief aim. He was the
champion of Christian education. He
considered that Western methods of
teaching without the Bible would over-
throw Hinduism, but would give no
adequate substitute, and the result would
be that educated Indians would become
agnostics. Duff, however, did not seek
to displace the Indian languages ; he
advocated the study of the vernacular.
‘Published. S.C.M., 5s.
92


A Missionary’s Prayer
But he believed that the real treasures of
Christian education could be best con-
veyed to the Indian mind through Eng-
lish. Duff’s work was successful not so
much in winning individual converts,
though he won some of the leaders of In-
dian thought, but in leavening the mind
of India, and setting up a powerful fer-
ment which continues to the present day.
Mr. Paton gives a clear picture of a
'remarkable man—a true descendant of
the Puritans, a man of great mental
vigour, pure in heart, absorbed in his
work so much that wife and children
were in some measure sacrificed. We are
told his defects—his entire lack of
humour, his awe-inspiring prolixity, his
failure to appraise the massive strength
and vitality of Hinduism. There was a
certain hardness in the temper of his
â– mind, yet he could love. It disappoints
his admirers, who have rejoiced in his
splendid faith in the harmony of all
Truth, to find him so completely in the
wrong over the Robertson Smith contro-
versy. Perhaps, however, it is better
that such super-men should manifest a
few weaknesses.
The book can be honestly commended
to all who are interested in missions—
•especially in the mighty problems of India.
Our own United Methodists should read
it for the glancing lights such a biography
â– sheds upon our own missions in China
and Africa.
Story-lessons on India?
Prepared for leaders of classes of boys
and girls from eight to eleven years of
age. They deal with Xavier, Giriappa,
Stokes, Singh, Harvey and Starr. They
follow “Four Lessons on John Williams,”
and “ Four Lessons on David Living-
stone.”
They are. happily treated, and Miss
Vera E. Walker is author of all. Es-
pecially charming is the talk on Miss
Harvey of Nasik, “the lady with the
kindly heart.”
The International Review of Missions.!
We welcome cordially the issue for
April. The ever-valuable review of the
past year is given us and occupies 70 pp.
*U.C.M.E„ Is.
FNo. 46, 3s. net Annual subscription to any part of the
world, 10s. 6d. From Edinburgh House or our own Book
Eoom.
It traverses Japan, China, India, Africa,
the near and middle East, Jewish Mis-
sions. and the Home Base.
The Editor gives us a vision of “ Five
Conferences in India,” at most of which,
if not all, he was present.
The use of the third word in the title
of the paper by Dr. D. Willard Lyon,
“Some Missionary Atheisms,” may be
pardoned when we read his definition.
“ Any weakening of the soul’s conscious-
ness of God, or faith in Him, may surely
with fairness be described as an
atheism.” We can only sanction it, how-
ever, if we justify his wish to startle.
Dr. Kenyon L. Butterfield gives us an
article on “The Christian Church and
rural life in China,” a very pressing
subject.
Reviews of many valuable books and
the usual Bibliography conclude an
eminently useful number.
A Missionary’s Prayer.
What Thou wilt O Father, give !
All is gain that I receive.
Suffer it that I to Thee
As a hired servant be.
Let the lowliest task be mine,
Grateful so the work be Thine.
Let me find the humblest place
In the shadow of Thy grace.
If there be some weaker one,
Give me strength to help him on.
If a blinder soul there be,
Let me guide him nearer Thee.
Make my mortal dreams come true
With the work I fain would do.
Clothe with life the weak intent,
Let me be the thing I meant.
Let me find in Thy employ
Peace that dearer is than jov.
Out of self to love be led,
And to heaven acclimated.
Until all things sweet and good
Seem my natural habitude.
Whittier.
“Andrew Rykman.”
93


The Doom of the
Drinking Pots.
THE Enemy has had a nasty jar in
Pokomoni, and one of the pillars of
his power has been swept away by
a blow that rocked his throne to its
foundations. Loud talk? High words
“ full of sound and fury,” signifying what?
Nothing less than that in one of the
largest towns in Pokomoni Tembo has to-
day been cleared out unceremoniously
and completely. Relatively it means as
much to this tribe as it would mean to
England if all the public-houses in Man-
chester were closed on a single day never
to be reopened- This is how it all came
about. For some time the missionary
has been brooding over this evil, realising
that in spite of the efforts of the Church
its grip was tightening. Tembo—palm-
wine—is the enemy of all things good and
pure and of good report. The temptation
of the people has been strong. Drink is
taken here for much the same reasons as
it is taken at home, and one of the reasons
is that it temporarily drowns sorrow and
brings forgetfulness of hardship. These
people have suffered much and tempta-
tions are correspondingly strong. And
the missionary waited his time. There is
only one thing worse than not doing a
necessary act at all, and that is doing it
at the Wrong time. “Do it now,” is one
of those shallow catch-words which are
the curse of our age. Without obtrusive-
ness, forces were set in motion which par-
tially waited upon and partially produced
the fruitful hour. The opportunity to
-strike a decisive blow arrived. Every-
thing comes to him who waits, if he does
something else besides waiting. Came the
day of declaration of open war.
The church elders were called and a
simple parable was put to them. “ Can a
lame man say to his companion, You are
not walking properly? Now, concern-
ing this matter of Tembo-” The
parable was obvious enough in its applica-
tion, and by their own answer these men
became their own judges. So began a
serious -argument which1 ended in an un-
qualified promise from humbled and really
God-fearing men, “ For ourselves we give
up Tembo from to-day.” It was the
straight answer which means the restora-
Rev. A. J. HOPKINS-
tion of authority, “As for me and my
house we will serve the Lord.”
And so to the larger proposition—the
congregation and the hanger-on. What
of them ? There comes a time in dealing
with immature people when the unrelent-
ing* dogmatism of the Apostle Paul alone
is sufficient. Comes a crisis when at all
costs the purity of the faith must be pre-
served. Feeling that such an hour was
at hand, the missionary issued an ultima-
tum to the Church.
“ To my brethren,
Hear my word concerning* this matter
of Tembo and drunkenness. The day
has come for us to say that this evil
must be done away and never again
known in our town. Let tho-se who
have become accustomed to drink know
that the Elders have been instructed to
take no action against them if they are
prepared to-day to give it up entirely.
Choose ye whether you will serve Christ
or the devil. Know ye that Drunken-
ness and Christianity cannot dwell to-
gether. He who loves drink more than
he lo-ves Christ, let him go out from us,
let him depart this day and live with
lovers of this world.
Let it be known that from to-day if
a man be found in this town with drink
or with the smell of drink in his house,
his house will be broken up and he and
his family driven out from that day.
This is a hard word. It is spoken that
shame be not brought upon the name o-f
Jesus, that His sanctuary be not defiled,
and for the sake of all our brethren in
the Churches of Pokomoni. It is better
that one should be driven out than that
all should be lost.
This is my last word. ‘ Choose ye
to-day whom ye will serve, ’ remember-
ing the words of the Master, ‘ Whoso-
ever shall deny Me before men, him
will I also deny before My Father which
is in Heaven.’ ”
That ultimatum was read to- the con-
gregation the same night. The mission-
ary was not present, deeming it wise to
94


The Doom of the Drinking Pots
let them fight the matter out among them-
selves. The upshot was that a meeting
of the whole town was called for the fol-
lowing afternoon. The missionary met
the largest congregation he has yet ad-
dressed here and talked the whole matter
out quietly with them. Be assured there
was no parade of superior righteousness.
You cannot, despite a popular notion, con-
vert a black man by force majeure. Sheer
authority has very strict limitations. The
only authority one can ever hold over
human nature is the power of a moral con-
viction. A big fist never emphasizes
authority, it generally negates it. This
great decision must be of their own will.
A hasty reading of the missionary’s ulti-
matum will bring the word “ compulsion ”
to some minds. Read it again. There
it no compulsion here except the compul-
sion to face an issue. There is no more
compulsion here than there was about
Elijah when he sounded his tocsin on
Carmel. There is no more compulsion in
it than life at every turn offers : the neces-
sity of choice. These people had nothing
to gain by remaining in the mission.
They could by leaving have freedom to
live as they liked without the irksome con-
ditions of a Christian morality. They
made their choice. They determined to
give up Tembo.
There remained one thing yet to be
done. The African thinks in the concrete.
His thoughts need pictorial representa-
tion. He is essentially dramatic. Let ug
clench this matter finally by a decisive act.
“You who have drinking vessels in
your huts bring them here to the church.”
One by one a few men got up and went
out, presently returning with drinking
vessels in their hands. About twenty
were eventually collected. These were
placed in front of the rostrum.
“ Let them be broken in pieces before
the Lord.” In a moment these vessels
were smashed to fragments. Quoting one
of their own proverbs the missionary said,
“ Daa mubfakawe ni kufwa—The end of
the drinking-pot is death,” and added,
“ Let the drinking pots perish that the
people may live.”
All very emotional? Quite! and the
reactions succeeding a moral climax must
inevitably be fought. But in moral con-
flicts the final issue is not infrequently
decided by the vigour of the first onset.
By the grace of God a great battle has
been won this day in Pokomoni, and the
doom of the drinking-pots is sealed.
On the Tana. (See Mrs. Butler in third boat, under sunshade). [T. Butler, Esq., J.P.
95


Mrs J. B. BROOKS, B.Litt.
E begin our W.M.A. page this
month with a very important
statement from our Secretary.
We greatly regret that it has to be made,
but feel that our members should realise
the position and be prepared to face it.
Women’s work in East Africa.
A special meeting of the Foreign Mis-
sions Committee was held in Bristol in
January, and its sessions lasted for three
days. Even that lengthened period was
insufficient for a thorough consideration
of the long and careful report which the
deputation submitted to us. We had to
consider the problems of the whole field,
and some of them proved so thorny that
others had to be relegated to a future ses-
sion. Mrs. Butler, who has given her
special attention to the work amongst
women and girls, has much to say to us
concerning it. She is planning to visit as
many Districts as possible, and I feel sure
our members will make a point of hearing
her oral reports wherever possible. One
decision of the Foreign Missions Com-
mittee must be told our members, and it
is one which will cause them great dis-
appointment. We must ask them to
believe that it was only arrived at after
serious consideration, and only caused by
stern necessity. For the present, at any
rate, it has been decided that the women’s
work in Meru under special women mis-
sionaries must be discontinued.
It is hoped that the cessation of
women’s work in East Africa is only tem-
porary. Existing circumstances render it
impossible at the moment to carry on this
work efficiently, and it is better not to do
a thing at all than to do it inefficiently,
but we all hope that in the future condi-
tions will change. W.M.A. members
must not be downhearted over this set-
back. We shall not be able to avoid sad-
ness and discouragement, but we can
avoid depression, and the proper use of
the buffets of fate is to deepen our faith
in God and to make us work a little
harder. A. Truscott Wood.
As readers of the Echo have already
been told, Nurse Jennings returned to
England in company with our home-
coming deputation, owing to a break-
down in health. When the deputation
reached Meru they found Nurse Jennings,
invalided and needing skilled medical
attention. This was found for her as
soon as possible, and her health improved
remarkably. At the same time, the doctor
considered that a similar breakdown
might quite possibly recur should Nurse
Jennings continue in Africa. It seemed
best for her to come home at once with
the deputation, rather than to wait a few
weeks until her furlough fell due and
travel home alone. It is a bitter disap-
pointment to Nurse Jennings to close her
missionary career : it is also a bitter dis-
appointment to the W.M.A., who have
followed the accounts of her work with
the closest interest. Nurse Jennings’
followed the accounts of her work with
what she has been able to do, and as a
W.M.A. we were proud to think that we
had a missionary who was alleviating to
some extent the lot of the African woman
and her children. We do not say “Good-
bye ” to Nurse Jennings, for she is still,
fortunately, one of ourselves, and a mem-
ber of our flourishing- W.M.A. at Wal-
thamstow. We offer her our sympathy,
and our good wishes for renewed physical
health, and beg that she will only transfer
her superabundant energy and .desire for
service from Africa to England. God’s
vineyard is far-reaching. He Himself
gives to each worker her station, and
very often it happens that the reward for
work which did not at first seem just what
we wanted, the reward for such work
faithfully and lovingly done in spite of
96