Citation
Missionary echo of the Methodist Church

Material Information

Title:
Missionary echo of the Methodist Church
Abbreviated Title:
Missionary echo
Creator:
Methodist Church (Great Britain) ( Author, Primary )
Place of Publication:
London
Publisher:
Andrew Crombie
Henry Hooks
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
volume ; 31 cm

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Methodist Church (Great Britain) -- Missions -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
Methodist Church (Great Britain) ( LCNAF )
Missions, British -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
Missions, British ( LCSH )
Missions -- Periodicals ( LCSH )
衛理公會(英國) -- 宣教 -- 期刊
衛理公會(英國)
英國傳教士 -- 期刊
傳教士,英國
任務 -- 期刊
卫理公会(英国) -- 宣教 -- 期刊
卫理公会(英国)
英国传教士 -- 期刊
传教士,英国
任务 -- 期刊
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
Temporal Coverage:
1893 -
Spatial Coverage:
Europe -- United Kingdom -- England -- Greater London -- London
Asia -- China
Asia -- India
Africa -- British Africa
North America -- Caribbean
歐洲 -- 英國 -- 英格蘭 -- 大倫敦 -- 倫敦
亞洲 -- 中國
亞洲 -- 印度
非洲 -- 英屬非洲
北美 -- 加勒比海
欧洲 -- 英国 -- 英格兰 -- 大伦敦 -- 伦敦
亚洲 -- 中国
亚洲 -- 印度
非洲 -- 英属非洲
北美 -- 加勒比海
Coordinates:
51.507222 x -0.1275
35 x 103
21 x 78
18.18 x -77.4
-8.7832 x 34.5085

Notes

General Note:
Catalogued from volumes 3 (1896) and 31 (1924)
General Note:
Title from cover and index
General Note:
VIAF (name authority) : Methodist Church (Great Britain) : URI http://viaf.org/viaf/158324772

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS University of London
Holding Location:
SOAS University of London
Rights Management:
This item is licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution, Non-Commercial License. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this work non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms.
Resource Identifier:
123988723 ( OCLC )

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Full Text
THE
Missionary Echo
OF THE
Xftntteb Mftetbobist Cbutcb.
Editor :
J. E. SWALLOW.
VOLUME XXIX.
1922.
A little one shall become a thousand, and a small one a
strong nation : I the Lord will hasten it in its time.
Isa. lx. 22.
London:
HENRY HOOKS, 12 FARRINGDON AVENUE, E.C. 4.


INDEX.
Page
NORTH CHINA.
Famine Relief. J. Hinds... ... ... 15
,, „ F. B. Turner........... 21
A Mission in Lading. J. Hinds... ... 27
Washermen’s Circular ... ... ... 32
Story of Chu Chia. Jessie Esam ... 33
Peking Medical College. E. R. Embree 48
Brigands in Shantung. D. V. Godfrey 74
Our Continued Call. W. O. Smith ... 8(5
Christmas in Tong Shan. J. Hinds ... 94
Education. J. Hinds ......... ... 115
A Message from Chu Chia. D. V.
Godfrey ... ... ... ... ... 132
Annual Meeting. D. V. Godfrey ... 133
The Menace of Unsaved China. F. B.
Turner ... ... ... ... ... 143
S O U T11 -E A ST CIII NA.
The Rev. G. W. Sheppard. J. E. S. ... 24
Precious Seed. T. M. Gauge ... ... 149
Farewell Message. F. B. Turner ... 226
Typhoon in Wenchow. J.E.S. 209, 230
SOUTH-WEST CHINA.
First native doctor. F. J. Dymond ... 1(5
Miao-land, 1921. W. FI. Hudspeth ... 29
Miss Squire and Miss Lee... ... ... 46
Wild Doings in Tong Chuan. C. N.
Mylne ... ... ... ... ... 47
Meeting the Deputation. C. N. Mylne 81
A Visit to Ta p’ing-Tse. W. II.
Hudspeth ... ... ... ... ... 109
A Missionary’s Day and Night. C. N.
Mylne ................ ... ... 129
Famine Fund. W. H. Hudspeth ... 194
Scenes in Yunnan. R. II. Goldsworthy 210
Yunnan for the Third Time. H.
Parsons ... ... ... ... ... 227
EAST AFRICA.
Christmas at Ribe. A. J. Hopkins ... 10
Ex-German Mission ... -... ... 12
In Tanaland. B. J. Ratcliffe ... ... 41
Tanaland. J. FI. Phillipson ... ... 93
Kenya Colony ... ...........136
Flood and Famine. A. J. Hopkins ... 170
A Start in Tanaland. A. J. Hopkins 185
WEST AFRICA.
A Slave Girl’s Triumph. M. Netherwood 152
HOME AND GENERAL.
The call of the World. The President ... 1
Our Work in the World 2, 25, 55, 64,
85, 114, 135
Doings of the Deputation. C. Stedeford.
3, 61, 101, 121, 161, 167, 174, 181, 184,
201, 221
Prayer Union. 5, 25, 49, 67, 88, 111,
134, 151, 164, 188, 214,
Our Missionary Report. R. H. B.
Shapland ...........
Laymen’s Missionary Movement. W.
S. Welch ...........J .................
The Observatory. 11, 44, 65, 84,
W.M.A. 17, 36, 57, 75, 98, 117, 138,
155, 176, 198, 217,
Day of Prayer for Students. FI. Martin
Stamp Bureau. F. Cooper. 28, 49, 80,
For Young Folk. ... ... 31, 67, 94,
Inverted “A.” A Problem.
Pleasant Surprises ... ... 49, 60, 85,
Valedictory Address. Dr. Snape
Preparation of Missionaries
Missionary Aeroplane ... ... 53,
■ Worthy is the Lamb.” R. H. B.
Shapland ...
The Winsomeness of Jesus. J. E. S.
Natural and Social Defects. W. I).
Gunstone ...
Chinese National Conference. 70, 168.
190,
A Church with a History." R. T. C.” ...
A Deputation to Africa ...
Edinburgh House ...
The London Demonstration ... 74,
.Methodist Union. J. E. S.
Students’ Missionary Demonstration ...
Mui Tsai ...........
Missionary Deputations. J. E. William-
son ...
Missionaries and Conferences ...
Dr. Lilian Dingle. C. E. Hicks...
Dr. W. E. Plummer. W. E. Soothill ...
White Paper. Safed the Sage ...
Prof. W. E. Soothill. F. S. ..........
The Supreme Motive. E. C. Bartlett ...
Zeal with Discretion. S. B. Hipkins ...
Missions at Conference. J. E. Mac-
kintosh
Mrs. Dobson. The Death of ... 176,
The Scarcity of Missionaries
My Call. A. A. Conibear...............
Contribution Box. Safed the Sage
East and West Fellowship. J. O.
Dobson
Consecrated Personality. R. FI. Kipling
Welcome to the Deputation. A. E. J.
Cosson
Preparing to be a Missionary. Ruby
Dutton
POETRY.
Star in the West. S. G. Ford ...
Gove. C. Ellison ...
An 111 Wind from the East. S. G. Ford
In June. S. G Ford
Welcome at all Frontiers. C. T. Turner
225
6
S
107
234
26
13(5
.116
34
214
50
52
125
54
56
68
213
70
71
72
105
89
90
92
112
124
126
127
128
135
141
150
165
198
187
189
193
196
211
229
232
a
14
46
112
114


Page
In Unison. P. J. Bailey ... ... 120
Influence. 1. C. Clark ... ... 128
Channels for Love. R. C. T rench ... 15'
What Must I Do. C. Ellison ... 175
Sometimes. Rose Fyleman ... 180
Onesiphorus. L. E. M. Syson ... 197
Longings. James Hinton... ... 220
The Knights of Bethlehem ... 228
Welcome! S. G. Ford ... ...228a
REVIEWS.
Introduction to Missionary Service ... 13
China and Modern Medicine ... 20
John Mackintosh ... ... 35
International Review ...35, 96, 212
Disarmament ... 52
Unconquerable. FI. Bonar ... 233
A Christmas Carol. Dora Greenwell ... 233
A Mother’s Prayer ... 236
Mary Slessor ... 64
The Ningpo Mirror... ... 96
Primeval Forest ... 113, 137
Medical Work ... 148
Joseph G. Alexander ... 153
Africa in the Making Long Ago in Galilee ... 172 ... 213
PORTRAITS.
Rev. W. Treffry, President Rev. F. B. Turner 1 6
Rev. A. J. and Mrs. Hopkins ... 10
Mrs. Truscott Wood ... 17
Rev. G. W. Sheppard ... 24
Rev. B. J. Ratcliffe Rev. A. J. Hopkins... ... 41. ... 43
Rev. J. and Mrs. Naylor ... ... 58
Li Shuang Mei and Miss L. O.
Squire, B.A ... 59
Miss Louisa Ball ... ... 78
Mrs. David Brook (The Late) ... 79
Students, 1922 ... 91
Rev. C. Stedeford ... 101, 102, 103
Mr. James McLaurin ... 105
Mr. James Barlow ... ... 106
Dr. Albert Schweitzer ... 113
Yao ji shung (Wenchow) ... ... 149
Miss Fanny Ashworth ... 155
Mr. and Mrs. Evans, and Pearl ... 178
Rev. A. A. Conibear ... 189
Mrs. J. A. Dobson (The Late) ... 198
OTHER ILLUSTRATIONS.
NORTH CHINA. Hungry Bairns ... 15
Famine Committee ... ... 15
Famine Relief . . ... 21
Destitute Man . 23
Women of Chu Chia ... 33
A City Gate at Peking ... ... 48
Women’s Bible School ... 68
Dispensary at Yung Ping Fu . 87
Swallow River Camp • ... ... 143
Meeting Deputation at Chu Chia ... 201
Page
Meeting of Executive ... ... ... 203
Inn Where Deputation Slept .........205
SOUTH-EAST CHINA.
Confucian Hall ......... ........... 7
Altar of Confucius ... ... ... ... 56
A Temple of Wenchow ................141
Christ with a Chinese Face .........145
SOUTH-WEST CHINA.
Dr. Wang K’ai Chee ... ... ... 16
Boys’ School, Stone Gateway......... 29
Children at Stone Gateway ... ... 36
How They Meet a Missionary ... ... 51
City Shop Street ... ... 61
A Gorge in the Yangtze-Kiang........ 62
The Congregation at Yunnan Fu ... 76
The Preaching Tent at Yunnan Fu ... 81
Yunnan Fu, River and Hills ... ... 84
Missionaries and Preachers ... ... 102
The Miao School Sports. 103, 108, 110, 129
Miao Children ... ... ... ... 109
Ggpup of River Miao ... ... ... 118
Deputation and Friends at Yunnan Fu... 122
Miao School Boys Meeting the Secretary 122
Mr. Stedeford and Mr. . Craddock at
Stone Gateway ... ........ ... 123
Congregation at Stone Gateway... ... 131
Boadjen (Pearl) ... ... ... ... 139
Pollard’s Grave ... ... ... ... 141
Watching Sports at Shih Men Kan ... 161
An Arch in Chinese Street... .......181
Miao Children ... ... ... ... 194
Dennis and Ilis Visitors ... .......200
Meeting the Missionaries ... ... ... 210
River and Mountain Scenery ... ... 210
Miao Girls Watching Sports ... ... 219
Miao Hut and Children ... ... ... 227
EAST AFRICA.
Our Church at Meru ............. ... 45
Teaching Staff at Ribe ......... ... 65
Ex-slaves at Ribe ... ... ... ... 93
Teacher and Children at Meru ... ... 99
The Long Day Closes ... ... ... 171
Scholars-at Ribe ... ... ... ... 185
Mission House, Mazeras ... ... ... 221
,, ,, Ribe ... ... ... 223
,, ,, Tofiki ................224
WEST AFRICA.
Murray Town W.M.A...................235
HOME AND GENERAL.
Niagara ... ... ... ... ... 3
Henrv Martin’s House ... ... ... 9
The Primitive Methodist Deputation ... 71
Wesleyan Hospital at Mysore........... 89
A Chinese Feast ... ... ... ... 133
Conference General Meeting ...........166
China Conference ... ... ... ... 168
Confucian Temple at Chu Fu............190
Tomb of Confucius... ... ... ... 191
Chinese Interpreters ... .......196


WELCOME HOME!
A Greeting to the Missionary Delegates from the
Home Churches on their return to English shores.
To a new world ye went, ambassadors
Of a great King, even of the King of Kings ;
To many lands, seeing on darkest shores
The Sun late-risen with healing in his wings.
In His name went ye forth and for His sake,
To see how His vines budded, fresh uncurled
’Neath new skies; and His gifts of grace to take
To a new world.
On a far field ye watched; on many fields
And wide, to learn from each its loss and gain ;
To note each tree, if well or ill it yields,
Each granary, what the measure of its grain.
And news of home ye brought to home-sick hearts,
And wine of life to faint lips, and a shield
To souls grown weak—so oft a lone tear starts
On a far field !
Now home again return rejoicing, crowned
With journeying mercies ; having linked those lands
Fast in one bond of blessing—new flocks found
In the one Fold that evermore expands.
One Fold, one Shepherd ! Make His dream come true,
And His shall be the glory and the gain.
Back from His embassies we welcome you,
Now, home again !
—S. GERTRUDE FORD.


— The late Marcus Dods.

The Call of
the World.
The
PRESIDENT.
CERTAIN prayers are needed in
every generation, others are so
abundantly answered that the need
of them passes.
In every missionary gathering I used
•to hear men pray that effectual doors
might be opened for the heralds of the
Gospel to enter. It is many years since
such a petition was heard. Doors are
standing- open to our embarrassment.
The last forty years have seen miracles
wrought. The world is now open to the
messengers of the Cross of Christ. The
highways are prepared for them. From
all fields comes the news of eagerness to
hear and the entreaty to help is sounding
with “clarion clearness in a thousand
voices, o’er the waters blue.” So literally
is this true that if Christians everywhere
were alive to their commission and respon-
sive to the opportunity, it would not be
too much to expect that the whole earth
would shortly hear the tidings of salva-
tion. Christian enterprise, however,
judged by present output in men and
money is not equal to such a world-wide
occasion. While the regions to be occu-
pied are open and whole races are calling
for teachers, there is still a lack of eager-
ness to enter in and possess the land on
the part of many who stand in the market-
place. The world calls, as never before,
but many hear not the demand and feel
no compassion towards those who cry for
help.
In some cases labourers wait in the
market-place for hire, but the husband-
men are reluctant to commit themselves
January, 1922.
to employ them, and thrust them forth.
Either capital is wanting or confidence is
decayed. Which is it? Caution is right
at certain times and in certain causes, but
when caution gains the ascendancy and
Rev. William Treffry, President,


The Call of the World
makes us unresponsive to the insistent cry
of those who perish for lack of know-
ledge, then it is a real peril and is hold-
ing the boldness of faith’s adventures in
unhealthy restraint. Wealth has not
diminished, but giving has not increased
in proportion to capital accumulated. The
guinea of years ago is still the amount
given by too many to provide wings by
which the Gospel is to fly abroad, though
there is no similarity left as to the earn-
ing power of the giver or service-value in
the gift.
Triumph waits upon sacrificial courage.
In the altering circumstances of a demo-
cratic age it will be a necessity and
a responsibility for a larger section of
people to realize the stewardship of money
and with due liberality meet the accumula-
ting claims of a world’s need of Christ.
There is no other way by which the ap-
peals sounding from ever-widening fields
â– can be adequately answered. Liberality
based on principle rather than on sudden
impulse and special effort is one of the
most important duties we have to learn
and to practise in face ‘of the world’s
■claims. For we are “debtors” unto all
men in Christ Jesus.
We are not without men and women
who are hearing the call of the world.
Many are seeking equipment in college
and hospital with their eyes on the Far
East as the sphere of their life work for
Christ and His Kingdom. The great
adventure in the name of Jesus is draw-
ing them. They hear the call. For the
Church surely the question of all ques-
tions is, “ Shall the day of the Lord be
hastened and brought forward in our
time? ”
Men and women will be ready—always
have been ready—when the Church is
confident of her mission and anxious to
send forth those called of the Holy Ghost
and who count their lives not dear unto
them.
With an “open door” before us shall
we answer the call which sounds so con-
tinually to the “hearing ear,” and by our
increased sacrifice speed the feet of those
who wait to go?
Are we prepared for the high calling?
We can only show it by the full consecra-
tion of person and purse. A noble
■courage is called for to follow God’s
gleam.
If we will show our consecration by our
courage of advance, the promise is for an
expansion of the Kingdom of God in the
life of the world so that all that has been
shall appear as the morning dawn to
meridian day.
It seems to me that our question is not
whether we are prepared to continue to
answer the call in just the same way as
before, and with that be content, but
whether we shall greatly accelerate the
response.
The occasion that is ours and the cir-
cumstances of the moment in our history
are critical. Shall we falter in our reply
to the call from China and from Africa,
or shall we seek to overtake our task with
renewed energy?
The success of yesterday intensifies the
obligations of to-day on every field. We
dare not turn back. God has entrusted
us with this solemn but glorious mission.
The Master’s command is in the call of
the multitude. The Master’s command is
urgent, for the opportunity passes and
will pass. The conversion of the world'
is the business of His Church. Whatever
else we do, if we fail in this, we fail in
the one thing that can justify our exist-
ence. Let us consecrate ourselves.
“Those who have talent give talent ;
those who have wealth give wealth ; those
who have both give both,” that our
Church may render the best service pos-
sible at home and abroad to the noblest
'cause that ever called for the help of man.
Our work in the world.
I.—North China.
In the provinces of Chihli and
hantung, in what we may call the
hinese continent, we have
Churches 68
Missionaries 9
Chinese ministers 209
Adult members 3625
Junior members 338
Members on Trial 1071
Total baptized adults 5034
Sunday Schools 8
Teachers ... 37
Scholars 358
2


The Secretary’s
Journal.
(It is agreeable to present so soon an in-
stalment of the record of the Deputation, as
interpreted by our able secretary.
They left Liverpool on October 19th. His
first letter was from Quebec on the 26th. It
â– contained details of the voyage, and an out-
line of their tour in Canada.
The second, dated November 4th, stated
â– they had seen Quebec, Montreal, Toronto,
Niagara, and the Rocky Mountains. For the
.story of these visits see Mrs. Butler’s diary
in the W.M.A. domain. (P. 18).
November 30 there came the following.)
â– Crossing the With the fragrance of the
Atlantic. beautiful benediction of
the Foreign Missions
Committee still filling our souls we em-
barked at Liverpool on October 19th, and
received the final “God-speed” from
Revs. Dr. Brook, J.P., J. B. Stedeford,
W. R. A. Rudd, and other friends. We
steered into stormy weather, and were
soon compelled to own the might of Nep-
tune’s sway. We saw but very little of
the sun during the week of our crossing,
nevertheless we found much pleasure in
the voyage, and were but little affected
by the rolling seas. When we had pasesd
into the calmer waters beyond the straits
•of Belle Isle, sun and sea combined to
make the course through the mouth of
Rev. C. STEDEFORD.
the mighty river of St. Lawrence to Que-
bec as delightful as it could possibly be.
Among our fellow passengers, with
whom we had very pleasant intercourse,
were two clergymen on their way to
Winnipeg to conduct a series of missions
embracing all the Anglican churches of
that city.
Crossing- We landed in Quebec
Canada. early on the morning- of
October 26th. We spent
the morning in visiting some of the chief
points of interest in that beautiful and
historic city. Quebec has a bold prom-
ontory which rises immediately from the
shore and is crowned by th.e Hotel Fron-
tenac and a public promenade. The view
from this terrace, embracing the river, the
islands and the surrounding country
bathed as it was in glorious sunshine,
was one of entrancing beauty. We ex-
plored the citadel and visited the Heights
of Abraham where Wolfe fell.
Early in the afternoon we started for
Montreal. During the evening, by the
kindness of a fellow passenger who has
now reached his home, a motor car was
ready to take us around that great city.
It was the only opportunity we had of
seeing the place as we resumed our jour-


The Secretary’s Journal
ney early the following morning and by
evening we reached Toronto. We had a
glimpse of the city the following morn-
ing and then started for Niagara. As the
sun was setting we looked upon the won-
derful falls. The next morning we de-
voted to sight-seeing, and by the evening-
got back to Toronto to start our long-
journey across the prairie. At ten p.m.
we boarded the train, and did not leave
it until we entered the Rocky Mountains,
at Banff, late on November 1st. A day
in this mountain resort gave us rest and
much pleasure. In successive days we
continued our journey through the moun-
tains amid scenes of enthralling beauty
until we reached Vancouver about mid-
night on Saturday, November 5th.
Dr. AY. E. In Vancouver w'e were
Plummer. deeply indebted to the
kindness of Dr. and Mrs.
Plummer, whose services in our Wen-
chow mission our church remembers with
much gratitude, and whose home is now
in Vancouver. It has long been the
desire of our Committee for Dr. and Mrs.
Plummer to return to the service of our
mission in China. We were glad to find
that the same desire dwelt in their hearts,
and that the improved health of Dr. Plum-
mer made it possible for him to entertain
the proposal. While the attachments of
the doctor are with Wenchow, where he
would be happy to associate himself with
Dr. Stedeford in conducting our exten-
sive medical mission, he listened very
sympathetically to the special need for a
doctor in North China to take up the
work which fell from the hands of Dr.
Smith. Ultimately he consented to serve
in either of these fields, and to go to
China as soon as he can dispose of his
present practice and settle up his affairs
at Vancouver. We are deeply gratified
with this result and anticipate with much
pleasure the return of Dr. Plummer to
our China Mission.
A School of In Vancouver, Dr. Plum-
Missions. mer has been a member
of the First Baptist
Church, to which he was drawn by its
missionary zeal and the fervent evangel-
istic ministry of its pastor, Dr. Macquire.
We can witness to the intense missionary
enthusiasm of this church. One evening
we had an opportunity of attending the
School of Missions conducted in connec-
tion with it. I give the account of it in
the hope that some of our churches may
be induced to adopt this excellent method
of arousing missionary zeal by communi-
cating missionary knowledge. The School
is conducted for six successive weeks and
meets one evening each week. There
were about six classes, and these were
arranged to interest all ages from eight
upwards. Each class is conducted by an
expert in a particular phase of missionary
work. We were taken by Dr. Macquire
around the various classes. In one rodm
girls were being taken through a course
on the “Lamplighters of the World,”
dealing with the lives of the greatest mis-
sionaries. In another room about fifty
boys were taking the same course. In one
class, attended chiefly by adults, a local
doctor was dealing with “International
relationships,” and a class on Africa was
ably conducted by the pastor’s wife, who
formerly served as a missionary in that
land.
Prior to the classes a kind of tea or
supper was provided and a collection
taken to meet the cost of it. About 400
persons sat down to this repast, and at
a given time they dispersed to their
various classes. It was most refreshing
and stimulating to see so many people
giving their minds to the great mission-
ary programme.
At the close of the classes the whole
school assembles for the closing exer-
cises. On this particular evening the final
meeting received a special character be-
cause it was on the eve of the departure
of the “ Empress of Russia,” which was to
convey several missionaries to their fields
of labour. Each departing missionary
was asked to speak. Some were going
to China, some to Tibet, one to Japan,
and one to the Philippines. Anglican,
Baptist, China Inland Mission, and
United Methodist Missions were repre-
sented in this gathering. It was a
memorable meeting animated by a fine
missionary spirit which lost sight of
denominational distinctions in the great-
ness of the missionary movement.
We are about to embark on the
“Empress of Russia” for the next stage
of our journey, which will take us to
Hong-Kong.
4


I

The Prayer Union
The New Year. Another year will have
dawned before these lines
can come before the readers of the Echo.
The deputation would wish them all a
very Happy New Year. Many times our
' thoughts travel among- our churches, and
we pray that the richest blessing may be
poured out upon them during the year.
May the missionary fire, which is the
secret of the truest prosperity, glow and
’burn with an intenser flame. Rev. J. W.
Heywood, in a letter to me, calls atten-
tion to one of the sentences in the “Con-
ference Letter to the Churches.” He says
it rings in his ears every day as he looks
upon our work in Wenchow and Ningpo.
This is the sentence “ Let us beware lest
we lose our opportunities, and they be
taken from us.” That sentence bears a
moving significance as we look upon our
â– ever-broadening fields in China and the
special and immediate calls in Africa. We
realize that these opportunities cannot be
improved without very real sacrifice on
the part of our people. How great will
be our crown of rejoicing if we can har-
vest the fields now waiting for the reapers
and lay the golden sheaves at our
Master’s feet. Throughout this year let
us hear continually the Lord’s voice say-
ing : “ Behold, I come quickly : hold that
fast which thou hast, that no one take thy
crown.”
The Star in the West.*
This, this is the America whom we knew !
—Sir William Watson.
Ay, this is our America! land we loved
Above all lands, breaker of bonds and bars;
The Missionary Nation, who set stars
In the crown of Christ from every zone, was
moved
By every woe; attested and approved
Singer of Freedom, spite of dissonant jars.
Her new song in the New Year nothing
mars;
Heavenward she tends, albeit awhile she
roved.
For brazen bells and iron, madly clanging
Their dissonance out, North, South and
East and West,
New bells to a new tune ring, where new
flags hanging
Thy name, even Thine, dear Prince of
Peace, attest.
Ay, this is our America! no snake fanging
Her mouth with death, but the dove Peace
on her nest!
S. GERTRUDE FORD.
* Suggested by the Washington Conference and the bold
and splendid lead America has given the nations in the
matter of naval disarmament.
<=3®
The Prayer Union.
“ I will tell you truly, no one has left home
or wife or brothers or parents or children for
the sake of the Realm of God, who does not
receive ever so much more in this present
world, and in the world to come life eternal.
Luke 18 : 29, 30. (Moffatt.)
“ Love blossoms at the lips.”
Dr. J. H. Jowett.
Hymns.
Another year is dawning.
My times are in Thy hand.
God bless our native land.
Jan. 1. New Year with the deputation
in China. In Yunnan province.* Acts
17 : 14-30.
Jan. 8. The task for 1922. The Presi-
dent. Home, Rev. T. Sunderland. P.
15 in report. Psalm 92.
’ We are thankful to learn, from a cablegram received in
Bristol from Mr. and Mrs. Butler, that the Deputation
reached Yunnan Fu on December 10th.
Jan. 15. The task for 1922. The Presi-
dent, see p. 1. Foreign. Rev. C. Stede-
ford, p. fi. Mai. 1, 11 : 3, 1—3 ; 3, 10.
Jan. 22. Peking Theological work.
Rev. G. T. Candlin, D.D. P. 18, 19.
John 8 : 12-27
Jan. 29. East Africa—Meru district.
Rev. R. T. Worthington. Pp. 56, 57.
Psalm 80.
NOTABLE DATES.
Jan. 3. China Inland Mission founded
1860.
Jan. 5. Robert Morrison born, 1782.
Jan. 15. Robert Morrison died, 1872.
Jan. 29. James Chalmers sailed for the
South Seas, 1866.
Jan. 31. Robert Morrison sailed for
China, 1807.
5


Our Missionary
Report, 1921.
WHEN Circuit Missionary Com-
mittees meet to consider the plan
of campaign for the year (this is
done in all our best circuits) somebody
is sure to say, “If only we could get a
missionary ! ” But nobody need say that,
for there is a missionary visit to every
circuit, and the deputation comes clothed
in the blue of heaven and bears the matter-
of-fact name of “ Report of the Mis-
sions.” It is a pity a more impressive
title cannot be found. Our brother, who
writes from Mendiland, being a poet,
would call it “The Sounding of the
Trumpet ” ; Mr. Hopkins might entitle it
“The Light shining in the Darkness,”
and Mr. Heywood hints that he might
name it “The Banner of the King.” But
apart from its. title, what a book it is ! A
kind of continuation of the Acts of the
Apostles. The very names kindle the
imagination. Who that reads does not
wish to see Cedar Creek and Jade Ring
Island, and spend melodious days making
the rounds of Clear Music Circuit until he
comes at last to the circuit of Auspicious
Peace? The light of romance and adven-
ture g'leams on page after page ; it flashes
Rev. F. B. Turner.
North China, 1887--
Rev.
R. H. B. SHAPLAND.
on you in a tale of a midnight attack or
a house, the kidnapping of a girl, the dis-
guised soldiers, the robbers’ haunt, the
attack at dawn, the rescue. What would
not R.L.S. have made of it! Or there is
the graphic picture from a lady’s pen of
a mountain side at close of day with a
stretch high up of level land and along-
the edge thirteen “tables ” set.
Each was a circle of wild looking men sit-
ting on the ground with a fire in their midst,
and hunched up under their felt cloaks, for
it was very cold. The dishes were set
around the fire and with the grand moun-
tain scenery for a background the light of
the fire played on the faces of the people.
And then adventure joins hands with
romance in tales of journeys over moun-
tains and across torrents in perils of flood
and robbers.
As one toils round this Nosu district over
mountains perhaps 9,000 feet above sea level,,
exposed to piercingly cold winds, with clothes
frozen and body benumbed, and in summer
floundering in mud-sloughs and crossing
swollen rivers, and sees the great need of
degraded men, some clamouring for help,
others so starved that they are too weak to-
utter a cry, and then realises the woefully
slender human resources behind him, he al-
most' fears that a very labour of Sisyphus has-
been imposed upon him even in this life.”
Or turn to another page and read of the
September typhoon when the streams
dammed back by mountains rose above
the fields and even the houses, transform-
ing the valleys into great lakes whose
waters in their flowing become raging
torrents, which like hordes of hunger-
maddened beasts escaped from their cages
leaped upon their prey tearing to pieces
homesteads and field dykes.
But one must not play with this record.
It is not written for our amusement, but
to stir our sympathy and evoke our help.
The men and women who suffer and
endure are our brothers and sisters, mem-
bers of our Church, our chosen repre-
sentatives in foreign fields. Behind all'
that is set down here is the grinding toil,
the hardship, the ugliness, the squalor,
the fight with brutality, the disappoint-
ment, and the many other evil elements,
unrealised by those who have not shared'
the missionary’s lot, which are the unfail-
ing accompaniments of missionary life. It
6


Our Missionary Report, 1921
is all too plain that our missionaries are
disheartened by financial stringency and
the lack of helpers. They have endured
through the critical years, and now they
feel that larger liberty ought to be given
them and more ample resources placed at
their disposal. The call is “out and on,”
and they have been, and still are, held
back and tied down by the miserable lack
of pence and the more serious lack of
volunteers. The fewness of recruits from
the home church pains them.
United Methodism is generous in its gifts
of money, but where are its men? Never in
the history of the East African Mission were
men more urgently and immediately neces-
sary than at this moment.
And, again, from Yunnan :
A glorious, a wonderful opportunity is
ours to evangelise a whole tribe. If the work
is not undertaken by us we scarcely know
by whom it can be done. We have the
trained Miao helpers, but we need the money
and missionary to superintend the work. A
second Miao movement is at our door; it is
insistently calling to us, nay more, it is press-
ing right in upon us, it is literally taking us
by storm.
Or listen to this from North China from
the midst of a great famine area :
The people see what is being done for the
destitute villages at our chapel premises
crowd the compound for worship Sunday by
Sunday. The 150 candidates reported there
are but a fraction of those asking to be regis-
tered as catechumens.
If in the face of such opportunities men
are held back by the burden of work or
by financial shortage or by fewness of
helpers, the result can be nothing but dis-
satisfaction and gloom of mind. When
we think of the huge unwieldy tasks we
have laid on our missionaries, of what
Mr. Heywood has been attempting to do,
or of Mr. Hudspeth’s vast circuit, of Mr.
Hicks with his building problems, “ the
“Nosu District dotted over with half
finished chapels,” of the inadequacy of
our hospital and educational staffs, of the
attempts of our Meru missionaries to
minister to human suffering In the absence
of a doctor, when you add to all this the
record on almost every page of this report
of large demand and opportunity with
inadequate resources of men and money,
you do not wonder that our missionaries
are cast down—the wonder is they do not
feel themselves forsaken.
They undoubtedly would but for the
evident tokens of the presence of God thev
have in their work. They see the Ban-
ners of the King go forward, and they
know that the great strength of God is
moving on to a perfect work in spite of
their weakness. There are cries for aid in
these pages, but there are doxologies here
too ; there are laments over human weak-
ness, but there are thanksgivings for
God’s great work in man. I wish all our
people before deciding 'what their mis-
sionary subscription should be would read
a few paragraphs from the Report. There
is one about Dr. Stedeford on p. 39 ; there
is the account of the gifts of land on
pp. 32, 33 ; there is a paragraph on p. 55
on the Pokomo Mission. These gifts, this
self-sacrifice, these activities are the
measure of the faith of men on the spot
in the work of our missions. Let our faith,
answering theirs, express itself in contri-
butions more adequate to the size and
wealth of our Church.
There is a note of statesmanship in the
brief report of Home Mission Work. Our
Interior of Confucian Hall. [Rex*. G. W. Sheppard


The Laymen’s Missionary Movement
Secretary (Rev. T. Sunderland) so
envisages his work that we have con-
fidence in following his lead. The timely
gift of £30,000 to the Chapel Committee
will lift our policy as regards dependent
home circuits to a higher level. The large
generosity of “X.Y.Z.” should provoke
us all to good works.
But no review of the report ought to
end without a word of hearty appreciation
of the W.M.A. and its work. It must be
a great support to our lady missionaries
to know, that they can rely on the sym-
pathy and help of more than 16,000 of
their sisters at home. 1 am not sure
whether the little sketches of missionary
work and life given us in this section are
not the most vivid to be found within the
blue covers.
Maybe this review is unnecessary. The
work has been well done, as all his work
is well done, by our Secretary (Rev. C.
Stedeford), and I commend to you his
summary on pp. 1-6.
The Laymen’s Mr
Missionary Movement. w. s. welch.
Take me, O world of sisters and of
brothers,
Eat, drink my life’s slow-ripened utterings;
Give me the heaven of being a loaf for
others,
A pitcher for the Everlasting Things.
h-'OR several years many of the lead-
r* ing laymen of our Church have felt
,JI the need of some union which
should promote missionary interest from
the standpoint of laymen.
As far back as 1916, Conference gave
its blessing to such a movement, and
several devoted laymen, under the in-
fluence of our beloved treasurer, Mr.
Joseph Ward, Dr. H. Lloyd Snape, and
others, have sought with considerable
success to extend the idea.
It was not, however, found practicable
until last Conference to secure a secre-
tary, when the writer, not without many
misgivings, consented to do his best.
Nothing could have been more en-
couraging than the letters received, and
personal expressions of interest which
have been given during the autumn.
To any who may have their doubts as
to the wisdom of pressing forward with
a Laymen’s Movement, we need only
refer to the manifest lack of knowledge
as to missionary enterprise which con-
fronts us even among the best of folk.
"Knowledge is power,” and anything
we can do to extend the knowledge of
vhat missions are already accomplishing,
and what they might become when sup-
plemented by a prayerful, zealous and
informed laity, will be repaid a hundred-
fold both in the enlargement of the King-
dom of Christ and in our own enlarge-
ment as members of Christ.
Very much depends upon the response
to membership of such a union, when, as
we hope in every church, the opportunity-
will be urged upon us all.
The Laymen’s Missionary Union does
not collect money for missions as a
separate organisation. Its members ex-
press such interest through any fund
which commends itself to their generous
support.
A membership subscription of, say, half
a crown per annum will be sufficient for
all our needs. Otherwise, financial mat-
ters are excluded from our programme.
Immediately we have secured 3,000
members, it is proposed to form a Com-
mittee or Council, but for the moment
the scheme is under the supervision of
the Home Organization Department.
This relationship it is hoped will be con-
fined in some cordial form, when, in the
Providence of God. we have our own
Council in control.
Three “Ifs.”
If we can have a convener in every
church, around whom would gather a
group of laymen anxious to know every-
thing about missions and missionaries,
8


“ On Eagle’s Wings ”
and to discover the purposes of Christ for
the world, who can measure the effect
upon the entire Church?
If we can get a devoted secretary in
every circuit who will foster these groups,
arranging an occasional circuit gathering
for fellowship and prayer then the in-
fluence will be multiplied tenfold.
If in each District (some are already
working) a District Secretary can be
secured who would link up the churches
and circuits with the Connexional centre,
then in a very few years we might wit-
ness a wonderful development.
The Laymen’s Missionary Movement is
a band of laymen anxious that “the fields
white unto harvest ” should command a
more adequate response both of workers
and Christ-honouring supporters.
Let our response to the call be imme-
diate and effective in the name of Christ,
and in the spirit of the lines which head
these paragraphs.
[Mr. Welch’s address is : 24 Lewiston
Place, London, N.16. Verb. sap.—Ed.]
-J-
“ On Eagle’s
Wings.”
Robert Louis Stevenson thus wrote to
a lady friend who was entering work as
a missionary :
“ So at last you are going into mission
work, where I think your heart always
was. You will like it in a way, but re-
member it is dreary long. Do you know
the story of the American tramp who was
offered meals and a day’s wage to chop
with the back of an axe on a fallen trunk.
“ How can I go on chopping when I can’t
see the chips fly 1 ’ You will never see
the chips fly, never, and be sure you know
it beforehand. The work is one long dull
disappointment, varied by acute revul-
sions ; and those who are by nature coura-
geous and cheerful, and have grown old
in experience, learn to rub their hands
over infinitesimal successes. . . . Always
remember the fable of the sun, the storm,
and the traveller’s cloak. . . In fact,
what you have to do is to teach parents in
the interests of their grandchildren.”
This reminds us of what was said by
one of the faithful folk who care for
Alpine travellers who mig’ht be buried in
the drifts if no refuge were open. Com-
ment by the Rev. J. M. Blake, M.A.*
“ It is the cream of human kindness :
the takings of the whole winter would not
keep a goat alive, but as she said, ‘ Some-
one must do it, and God has been very
good to me, so I do this for Him.’ ”
*Joy of Tyrol.
Henry Martyn's house Favoured by
on the Fal. Cornwall. “ Baptist Missionary
Herald."
(India and Persia. 1805-12)
9


Christmas
at Ribe.
THE great Christian festivals have
their roots in pre-Christian celebra-
tions. Worshippers of old who
erected altars to the Unknown God had
their fixed festivals to celebrate the
seasons of the year. The Christian
Church, with fine genius and perfect in-
sight into human nature, did not seek to
abolish the old festivals but to breathe
into them a new content, to pour a rich
new wine into these out-worn bottles.
Christmastide is associated with some
ancient religious festival not unconnected
with the course of the sun in his pro-
gress through the heavens. It reveals a
fine insight into human nature that the
early Church seized upon such a festival
to attach the common mind to Jesus, to
permeate the old sun-worshipping prac-
tices with the glowing faith and the warm
love which alone can be inspired by a
supreme Person.
Christendom has now fixed its calendar,
and therefore the great Festivals of the
Church cannot be made to fit into the
scheme of every non-Christian faith which
it supersedes: The African native, like
every other people, has his feasts and
celebrations. Each tribe among the
Coast peoples has its New Year festival.
You cannot move the date of Christmas
to coincide with the date of the old festival
of pagan days, and so it happens that the
Christian section of the Ribd people have
given up their own New Year celebrations
—which occurred during the October
moon—and make Christmas the great
festival of the year. The ancient New
Year festival of the tribe was celebrated
Rev. A. J. Hopkins and family.
(Embarking January 26th).
Rev.
A. J. HOPKINS.
by several days and nights of dancing,
carousal, song and general wallowing in
degradation. Just as, even in Christian
lands, a certain section of the people never
get beyond the idea of Christmas as a
period of feasting and “a good time”
generally, so it is inevitable that the
African Christian is prone to carry over
some of his ancient ideas into the Chris-
tian festival. Entire sanctification is a
slow and painful process, and the complete
cleansing from ancient custom in the
African soul is not the work of a day or
even a generation.
It is astonishing, however, how much
of pure joy and true understanding of the
meaning of Christmas is expressed by the
native Christians. In England, Christ-
mastide is so intimately associated with
sacred gatherings round the family hearth
that it is difficult for the exile to approach
the Christmas season in a strange land
without a poignant sense of the things
that have been and can never be again.
The children gather round the manse
verandah on Christmas Eve, and their
sweet voices rise to the old tunes sung to
such strang'e words. A catch is in the
throat as one looks out upon the duskv
forms in the shadows and hears the old
line, “It came upon the midnight clear.”
Listen to the words—very beautiful when
sung with the haunting cadence which
characterizes all African singing :
Ni usiku wa manane La kuwagutusha,
Mara likawatokea Watunga wakesha ;
Malaika wa kumeta Awambia kweli.
Leo azawa Mwokozi! Kawapa dalili.
Swiftly then does the mind speed back
• through the years. One thinks of
stockings hung on bedposts, and
; parents not now with us saying
“Good-night” on that night with
a strange light in their eyes ; of
snow-sown roads and rimy trees
gleaming in a frosty moon as we
sing from house to house ; of firelit
rooms and undrawn blinds ; of
Christmas gatherings with no
vacant chairs. And still the chil-
dren sing until one dismisses them
with thanks and the beautiful
native farewell, “ Kwa herini,
watoto ” — "Go with happiness,
10


The Observatory
children,” and their response out of the
shadows “With happiness, Master.”
On Christmas morning the people
gather in the church for praise and wor-
ship, and later the children have their
Christmas feast : not roast beef and plum
pudding, but the possibly more whole-
some and equally satisfying boiled rice
and curried g'oat-flesh. So the day passes
with games and rejoicings ; slackening in
*
The Observatory.
Disconcerting!
Â¥ E deplore the fact that Sir Philip
Gibbs has allowed an article to
appear in his September number
of “The Review of Reviews,” with the
strategic title “ Have Missions failed in
Africa?” by Mr. Charles Dawbarn. At
least it would have been decent to have
said “ Have Missions succeeded in
Africa? ” There is a huge difference !
His main point is “The mission-boy is
a failure.” The merchants are crying
out “Give us the raw native with his old-
fashioned simplicity, devotion and
fidelity.” And then it is seen where the
shoe pinches. “Spoiling the nigger ”
(odious phrase!) is to “put notions of
equality with the whites into his woolly
head. ’ ’ Educated negroes have made
bishops, ministers, university men and
merchants—and we are glad they have
learned by our mission work that we
believe “ God hath made of one blood all
nations of men.” It is quite evident that
the difficulty with the mission boy is that
he knows more than is convenient, will
not endure compulsory labour, and
.demands a reasonable sum for his toil.
We agree with Mr. Dawbarn that the
way to turn the native into a civilised
being is to teach him to work.
“Is it well then with Missions?
I answer ‘ yea’ and 1 nay.’ ” We will
take the yea, and surely the writer’s heart
Is right, for this follows :
“ It is well in the sense that the Mis-
sions are the only source of spiritual
uplift for the native. Without them he
•would be lost in a maze of materialism.”
“The sound of natives, with their
the heat of the day to be renewed as the
shadows fall again. Then the youths and
maidens gather to the dance, weaving
graceful poems of motion so different
from the repulsive movements of the old-
time dances, and the Saviour of the World
looks down upon these “other sheep ” of
His, and a new note sounds in the angels’
age-old song as they witness what it
meant to a lost world when the Lord of
Life was born into it.
»
beautiful voices, taking part in religious
hymns is one of the most inspiring I
know. Forward, Africa, in the path of
progress ! ’ ’
A better tone is perceived in another
article of his which appears in the “Nine-
teenth Century ” for October, on “Drink,
and a C3 population.” But here he has a
bitter fling at the Temperance party,
impeaching its true motive and accusing
it of a lack of self-sacrifice. Hence he
speaks of “the lack of success of the
Temperance movement.” Both accusa-
tion and statement reveal ignorance. But
he is in earnest about a C3 people, and
ultimately admits practically that other
people have an anxiety equal to his own.
Stimulating !
As a set-off let us note “The Moving
of the Waters in China,” in “The Con-
temporary Review ” for the same month.
This remarkable article is by a Chinaman
—M. T. Z. Tyau. As a finger-point to
other progress, let us see what he says
about Education.
“ Eleven years ago one out of every
400 people in the Empire received
public education.: there were 42,000
schools, and 1,000,000 students. At
the end of 1919 the proportion has been
reduced to 1 in 80, viz., 41 millions of
pupils in 134,000 schools. There are
also 740 libraries, 2,700 lecture-halls,
1,727 reading rooms, 10 museums, 81
schools for backward students, 1,242
half-day schools for the poor and desti-
tute, 37 open-air schools, and 4,593
elementary schools. If the pupils of
government schools, mission schools,
11


Matthew 5: 16
and the above agencies were considered
together, the educational proportion
would be one in fifty.
“ The spirit of the League of Nations
being in harmony with the spirit of the
Chinese people, the Republic has be-
come a member of the League.
“We have no space to discuss our
new international attitude, but the in-
clusion of China in the Washington
Conference is a welcome reminder of
the fact that its 400,000,000 people are
sound and virile.”
The Desire of all Nations.
We regret that two errors crept into
p. 227 last month. It was stated that the
S.P.C. K. picture was Is. : it should have
been Is. 6d., and that the lesson sheet
was Id. : the price is 2d.
Rev. G. W. Sheppard.
Our esteemed friend sails alone for
Ningpo, China, on January 6th, by
the s.s. “City of Simla.” Mrs. Sheppard
and their four children remain at home
this time because of the education of the
latter.
Competition.
We regret to report that the request
for missionary exercises has elicited only
one response. The essays were to be
in by December 1st. Perhaps some
readers will prefer to compete if there be
no prize offered. It was simply an effort
quietly to enrich the missionary book-
shelf. See p. 166, September, for condi-
tions.
Instructive Comparison.
A conspicuous book has been issued by
Professor Conklin, of Princeton, on “The
direction of human evolution.”*
In one chapter he deals with the possi-
bility of what we call the inferior races
getting the upper hand of that we call the
superior white race. The present figures
are :
White race, about
Y ellow ,,
Brown ,,
Black ,,
Red ,,
550,000,000
500,000,000
450,000,000
150,000,000
40,000,000
The author is not afraid. He says : “ In
spite of the occasional alarms with regard
' Humphrey Milford, London. 12s. 6d. net.
to ‘ race-suicide,’ it is evident that the
white race is increasing more rapidly than
any of the others. This is due not only
to the larger area which it controls, but
also to its greater agricultural, industrial,
and scientific development.”
Pokomo (German) Mission.
In a further communication to the-
Neukirchen Mission from Gudina, the
excellent native leader of the work
amongst the Pokomo, he records good
progress and a glorious awakening’
throughout their country on the Tana in
British East Africa. In many places
scarcely any heathen remain.
The editor of the Mission Journal
adds : “Our neighbours the missionaries
of the United Methodist Church of Eng-
land, have since last year undertaken
with vigour and in brotherly spirit the-
supervision of the Churches which our
missionaries had to, leave.”
It is stated that the work in Urundi,
in what was formerly German East
Africa but is now under the administra-
tion of the Belgian Government, has been
similarly undertaken by the Belgian Evan-
gelical Mission, but that in that country
German representatives of the mission of
the {Catholic'} White Fathers have been
permitted to continue their labours.
Attention is drawn to the contrast be-
tween the free admission of agents of the
Roman Church and the exclusion of those
of a Protestant Church.
(Translated by Dr. II. Lloyd Snape.
O.B.E.)
Matthew 5 : 16.
“ A Ci-iristian convert in the Punjab told
me how he was first attracted to
Christianity by the unruffled demeanour of
a Christian missionary preaching in a
market-place, when he was derided and
insulted by some of his auditors. From
the days of St. Peter and St. Paul to the
present time such undiscourageable faith-
born love, in the face of opposition and
contumely, has been the distinguishing
badge of the Christian way, and the
pledge of its final victory.”-—Howard A.
Walter, “The International Review of
Missions. ”
U


Bookland.
HIS is a book well worthy of perusal,
not only -by those for whom it has
been primarily written, viz., for
young missionaries after their acceptance
for service and up to the end of their first
furlough, but also by all who would
obtain a grasp of the general and specific
needs of the mission-fields to-day, and of
the opportunities which are already, or
should be, offered to missionaries in order
to qualify themselves more fully to meet
those needs.
The subject is so wide and calls for
experience and expert knowledge in so
many directions that it could only be dis-
cussed adequately by one who, like Miss
Gollock (the associate editor of the
“International Review of Missions,” and
Secretary of the “ Board of Study for the
preparation of missionaries”), has had, as
she claims in the Preface, “opportunity
for personal contact with hundreds of
missionaries representing all societies
and many lands.” Such a book is the
more reliable and valuable because Miss
Gollock, missionary-expert as she is,
states that “though the writing has
mainly fallen to my share, each chapter,
and almost each page, represents com-
mon thought and work.” Her colleague
as editor, Miss Hewat, from her asso-
ciation with the Student Christian Move-
ment, contributes an intimate knowledge
of life and thought in the British Col-
leges, from which volunteers may be
secured and in which training, at least in
part, may be obtained.
Attention is called to the
“new factors, partly by-products of the war,'
which tend to dominate the missionary situa-
tion?’ “The outstanding phenomenon of
world-history at the present time is that
Eastern natiops are rushing in a generation
through a phase of development which occu-
pied Western nations for centuries. Bound
up with this is . . . the increasing sus-
picion of Western civilisation and the pas-
sionate uprising of the spirit of nationalism.”
It is also pointed out that “the missionary
who would gain inner kinship with his
♦Edited by G. A. Gollock and E. G. K. Hewat, M.A.
xford University Press’(Humphrey Milford). 3s.6d.net.
“ An Introduction to
Missionary Service.”*
fellows of other races must enter into the
cultural heritage on which their lives are
based.”
From these and other weighty con-
siderations the reader is ultimately led to
the conclusion that the subjects dealt with
in specialised missionary preparation
should include
“phonetics and linguistics, anthropology,
economics, sociology, psychology, pedagogy
and moral hygiene—a group of ungainly
words, dull and repellent in their text-book
connotation, but full of vivid interest to the
missionary who finds in them allies who can
multiply his power to serve.”
Of course other specialised studies are
necessary for one who is to be a doctor
or nurse or industrial worker.
Experts still differ on the vexed ques-
tion as to whether the out-going mission-
ary should, before he leaves tfie home-
land, study the language of the people to
whom he is to minister.
“Some mission boards make the study of
phonetics compulsory; provision is made for
it in all training centres which work on
modern lines. Some who are well entitled
to an opinion hold that actual study of a
living African or Asiatic language should not
begin in the West; others, and their num-
ber augments rapidly, hold that under proper
auspices and with teachers trained scientific-
ally to instruct in their mother tongue, a
thoroughly satisfactory beginning can be
made.”
It will be observed that the latter view
is gaining ground ; but Mr. W. Sutton
Page, formerly Principal of the Language
School in Calcutta, writes in an appendix
“Unless one can obtain instruction on
modern lines from a teacher whose pronun-
ciation can be thoroughly relied on, it is best
to postpone the actual study of the vernacu-
lar until one reaches the field. A wrong
pronunciation once acquired is very difficult
to unlearn.”
Whilst a wide range of secular study is
recommended to the young missionary,
the Editor again and again stresses the
paramount importance of the study of the
Word of God and the Spirit-filled life.
â– 13


Go, Ye!
“The outgoing missionary studies the
New Testament as the traveller studies
the guide book of his coming journey.”
“The securing of opportunity for the
growth of inner knowledge of the friend-
ship and teaching of Jesus Christ assumes
a foremost place- • • The cultivation
of fellowship with God through prayer,
meditation and sacramental life, becomes
as necessary as exercise or food.” “The
Gospel is acted before it is spoken, lived
before it is taught. ’ ’ Writing of the pre-
sentation of the message, “If once
dependence is placed solely upon method,
however good, it becomes a hindrance
in its turn. Hope lies in the life, in the
message and the living Spirit at work in
the world.” The missionary “goes for-
ward knowing that the creative Spirit at
work within his whole personality can
make him big enough for his task.”
“ Led step by step into fuller knowledge
of God he has more and more to give to
man. Growing in sympathy and love for
men he is forced back upon God to supply
their need.”
A delightful chapter entitled “ Through
the eternal Spirit ” may be commended
to Christian workers at home as well as
abroad, in that it points to the source of
our only sure hope and strength and
reminds us that “the greatest service we
can render to the world is to keep our
hearts open to God,” that “we must
renew our souls in communion with God
who is our life,” and then “return to the
world to apply to all its life the new
knowledge we have gained of God.”
The book closes with a helpful series of
short but instructive appendices on such
subjects as the religions of India, Africa
and China, the study of language, the
preservation of health, and even the
prosaic but important matter of account
keeping and business method, each being
written by one specially qualified to deal
with his own subject. A useful biblio-
graphy is given in connection with each
chapter, and with most of the appendices,
and a list of selected articles from the
“International Review of Missions” is
added. Altogether a wonderfully large
amount of extremely valuable information
is compressed into the 164 pages of this
book.
H. Lloyd Snape,
Go, Ye!
When Jesus says, Go ! He Himself goes-
before you ;
A path plain, if rough, for your feet
He doth make ;
Green pastures provides, and cool springs
to restore you :
Fear not! Jesus knoweth the wav that
you take.
When Jesus says, Go! He Himself goes
beside you,
He treads the low valley, and breasts
• the steep hill ;
With Jesus for road-mate no ill can betide
you,
Through dark ways and bright He-
abides with you still.
When Jesus says Go ! He Himself come;
behind you,
With goodness and mercy to cover vour
ways,
To make up your failures, to gather and
bind you
The threads you left broken, and finish
the days.
He sees all the way from beginning t >
ending,
You see but the little that lies just
before ;
Step onward unfearing on Jesus depend-
ing',
The road leads at last to the “Father’s
house ” door.
Cuthbert Ellison.
(ISAIAH 60.
A Marvellous Missionary Manifesto.
We are to find, during 1922, 12 great
missionary texts, and yet there are but
22 verses.
1.
Arise, shine; for thy light is come and
the glory of the Lord 5s risen upon
thee. For, behold, darkness shall cover
the earth, the gross darkness the
peoples: but the Lord shall arise upon
thee, and His glory shall be seen upon
thee.
14


North-East Chihli
(The Rev. John Hinds forwards us the
official abridged report of Famine Relief
in Tong Shan and district. The Distribu-
tion band (shown) is composed of about
an equal number of Protestants and
Romanists. He says our people were at
first shv of working together, but Father
Scherjon would not hear of it, and said
they must go two and two, one Roman
Catholic and one Protestant. They have
worked with the greatest harmony.—Ed.)
THE appeal for this district was late
in coming in, and it was at first
thought that the conditions were
not grave ; but personal investigation
revealed a state of extreme destitution.
Many deaths were reported—in some vil-
lages as many as thirty—and not a few of
Hungry Bairns. [Rev. G. Seller ion.
the women and children which we saw,
living on husks of grain, weeds and
marsh plants, seemed on the verge of col-
lapse. The men folk were nearly all away
from home begging or seeking work. All
the grain in the house had been used up,
their animals and farming utensils were
all sold, and some of the woodwork of
their houses had been pulled down and dis-
posed of. Some little relief had been
given by the local officials, but not enough
to benefit the starving- people to any
appreciable extent. In some cases only a
few coppers were given or a few pounds
of grain.
One village which is mentioned, with a
population of 140 families, received 128
copper cents, not quite one dollar. Our
Famine Relief.
distribution band consisted of six from the
Roman Catholic Mission and six from the
English Methodist Mission, with Rev.
Father Scherjon and Rev. J. Hinds. The
work was principally carried out by Father
Scherjon and Rev. J. H. Su, Mr. Hinds
taking the principal charge of arrange-
ments at Tongshan and of finances. The
Kailan Mining Administration placed their
skating rink at our disposal for storing
the grain, and took free discharge of the
same.
We are much indebted to the engineer-
in-chief, A. Docquier, Esq., and to Mr.
P. W. Sinnott, and other members of-the
staff, for their keen interest in our work
and practical assistance.
850 tons of grain were distributed and
The Famine Distribution Committee.
Rev. J. Hinds and Father Scherjon in centre-
some 500 villages were in whole or in part
relieved. Some of the local officials and
gentry interested themselves in the work,
and helped in various ways. One of the
latter especially, Mr. Y. T. Sun, lent his
carts to bring the grain not only for those
helped in his own village but for the sur-
rounding villages.
The drought was followed by a plague
of locusts, which came in untold myriads
—over a front of 15 or 20 li to a depth of
8 or 10 li—and destroyed what green
things were left.
And now to complete their misery, the
heavy rains have deluged the country,
destroying the autumn crops in the places
where there was some hope of a yield, and
made travelling almost impossible.
15


“ A Man that Hath Friends . .
Our first Native Doctor
in West China.
Rev. F. J. DYMOND.
We have just had the great pleasure of
welcoming Dr. Wang, the first student
from Chaotong to take his medical degree
at the Union University, Ch’eng-tu. I
enclose his photo ; we hope we may see
it in the Echo.
I will make a few extracts from a letter,
and the West China Missionary news.
The Rev. J. L. Stewart, D.D., of the
Canadian Methodist Church, writes :
" Allow me to congratulate you and your
mission on young Dr. Wang. He is a
splendid Chrstian chap. Hope he reaches
you safely to serve long. ’ ’
“The Christian doctor ” was well repre-
sented by Dr. Wang-K’ai-chee, who has
just graduated in medicine, and brought
to his subject a great enthusiasm that
was certainly contagious. Many students
wanted to be doctors, after hearing this
address. ”
Dr. Wang K’ai-chee gave four splendid
talks on health problems. He was many
years under Rev. C. E. Hicks’ tuition.
His success is most gratifying to us all.
Dr, Wang K'ai Chee.
Chao Tong I-'u.
German Missionaries
and the War.
That German missionaries should,
under certain precautions, be allowed to
resume work in British territories was
recently urged upon the Government by
Sir W. H. Dickinson on behalf of the
World Alliance for Promoting Friendship
through the Churches.
In reply the Colonial Secretary points
out that the Colonies have already passed
legislation prohibiting the entry of any
former enemy alien for a period of three
years unles the special permission of the
Government concerned is first obtained.
Then follows a bit of rhetoric which
almost serves to hide what was un-
doubtedly a glaring fact.
“Experience during the war,” proceeds
the reply, “ showed that certain foreign
societies and individuals were unable to
prevent their national instincts from in-
fluencing their conduct to a degree incom-
patible with the due exercise of their
proper functions ,and prejudicial to the
security of the territories in which they
were working.”
“ A Man that hath
Friends . . .”
“ Friendship is the bridge over the gulf
which separates race and race. And it is
the sure cure for the generalizing habit.
Let us say that I have always believed
what someone has told me that “ the
Japanese are conceited and unreliable.”
Then there comes into my life a friendship
with a noble young Japanese, who proves
to be humble, lovable, and unfailingly
dependable. My generalization breaks
down. I am bound to think of the
Japanese, henceforth, in the terms of my
friend’s character. Henceforth so I learn
to love all the Japanese in him and be-
cause of him, who has become their repre-
sentative before the bar of my challenging
mind and heart. Thus in the bonds of
friendship race and colour are obliterated.
—Howard A. Walter, “International
Review.”
16


Our President: Mrs. Truscott
Wood. An Appreciation.
Mrs. Vivian.
HE Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
is fortunate in securing- as its Presi-
dent one of the earliest workers of
our Women’s Society ; as well as a lady
of great executive ability and quiet
enthusiasm.
The Free Methodist L.M.A., with
which she was first associated, originated
in 1897 in the Leeds and Bradford Dis-
trict, and one of the earliest enquiries
concerning its methods of working came
from Mrs. Wood, then residing in the
Manchester District. It was, I believe,
largely due to her efforts that soon a
flourishing L.M.A. was organized in that
District, and it was in Manchester the
first Conference women’s meeting was
held, with such success that it had be-
come a settled institution even before
Union. For many years Mrs. Wood and
myself co-operated very closely as secre-
taries of our respective Districts, then
when the unification of all the Districts
took place, in 1905, we became joint
secretaries for the Central Council, Mrs.
Wood taking the Organizing Depart-
ije ment.
f After Union, a year of difficult organiz-
ing became such a strain on my health,
it was necessary for me to retire. Mrs.
IV Wood took up the task which I was
obliged to lay down, and during the suc-
ceeding years in which she carried on that
work she won the admiration of the Coun-
cil for her tact, close attention to busi-
ness, and clearness of judgment on all
knotty questions. Mrs. Wood has a very
intimate relation to our missionary his-
tory, through her late uncle, the Rev.
Thomas Truscott, who was for seven
years general superintendent of our Sierra
Leone Mission. Her father, the Rev.
John Truscott, was a delightful man, and,
A. DOBSON.
like his brother Thomas, held in deep,
regard in his circuits.
Mrs. Wood carries with her the good
wishes of a large circle of old friends for
her Presidential year, and they will watch
with interest accounts of her visits to the
various Districts for propaganda work,
which, we are informed, she has already
begun.
Our President’s Message for 1922.
Mrs. Dobson has asked me to write a
New Year’s message for the members of
the W.M.A., and I can think of nothing-
better than the maxim given to Crom-
well’s Ironsides, “Trust in God and keep
your powder dry.” 1921 has been a year
of great upheavals and much restless-
ness—many of its happenings must have
caused great bewilderment to God’s
Mrs. Truscott Wood.
17



Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
people. It is not the first time that God’s
people have been bewildered, however.
It is very easy for us at this distance of
time to see God’s guiding and controlling
hand in all the troubled story of â–  the
Jewish nation, but that guidance and con-
trol would not have been so obvious to
them. It may be that in the distant
future, historians will look back upon the
dark days of 1921, and see how God was
establishing His throne more firmly in
the hearts of the English people. Let
us trust Him then and do His will. And
let us neglect nothing which can help for-
ward the Kingdom of Heaven. 1921 was
a year of many golden opportunities—
some were taken but others are irretriev-
ably gone. Let us seize and make the
best use of all that comes our way in the
hours of 1922.
Annie Truscott Wood.
Our First Sunday at Sea.
Mrs. Butler.
We have now been on board nearly
five days. For twenty-four hours we
had it nice and smooth. It was quite a
surprise to us when almost suddenly the
weather changed. Since then we have
fully realized that the Atlantic has little
mercy even for those who worship at its
shrine.
This is the first time we three have
crossed the Atlantic, and we have had
very little discomfort. The immensity of
the vast ocean impresses one strangely ;
it would be almost fearful but for the
realization of God’s wonderful provi-
dence. This huge ship is like a little
town, equipped with every comfort, yea,
even the luxuries of a first class hotel.
Crossing this wide, wide sea, with no
sight of land anywhere; never seeing
even a distant sail ; going, as it were,
into the Unknown, yet taking a straight
course to a point of land over 2,000 miles
away—is it not wonderful? And it is a
parable of our life’s course under the
Divine guidance.
To-day is the Sabbath (October 23rd).
We have a service in the saloon. My
earliest waking thoughts turned to my
last Sunday at home, with my loved ones
round me. I know they, with many,
many others, will be thinking of us to-
day, and many prayers will be offered up
in the different churches. We are here
•—you are there—and God is everywhere.
Blessed be His holy Name.
(A day later.) We are now passing
the shores of Labrador and small islands
keep coming into view. The weather is
very cold, but with warm clothing a sharp
walk on deck is pleasant. The first vessel
since we left, “The Canada,” bound for
Liverpool, hove in sight to-day, passing
us ; but we have been in constant wireless
communication with vessels all the time.
We are happy, and all is well with us.
I send my dear love to the Women’s
Missionary Auxiliary. (Later )
Over the Rocky Mountains.
We have been travelling hard ever
since we landed in Canada on October
26th. To-day has been our first real rest ;
it is such a treat to be out of the train
and to be quiet. We are leaving at 7.15
a.m. to-morrow, and we hope to get to
Vancouver at 10.30 at night. We shall
enjoy the Sunday on shore and hope to
go to a place of worship.
We had half a day at Niagara. The
realisation was far greater than our ex-
pectations, in the beauty and grandeur of
the Falls. I had heard so much about
them from others that I thought I knew
what to expect, but the Falls are far
grander than I had pictured them. We
got on the train at Toronto on Saturday
night at 10 to cross the continent by the
Canadian Pacific Railway, and were three
days and four nights in the train. We
got out at Banff ; about the highest part
of the Rockies, 5,300 feet above sea
level. What a treat to get into a bed that
did not rock, and to get away from the
rattle and noise of the train ! We
stayed here one day and two nights, and
left early the next morning for another
whole day in the train.
There was a big flood a week ago
which stopped the trains near Vancouver.
To-day we hear they are running again ;
temporary bridges having been erected.
This immense country (Canada) has
impressed me greatly. We have already
travelled nearly 3,000 miles across the
continent, a longer distance than from
Liverpool to Quebec. There are thousands
of miles of uncultivated land, rich and fer-
tile, especially rich in minerals.
The people work hard ; no one is idle
here. They look healthy and happy. I
I
â–º
1
I
I
i
4
â– yi
1
18


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
nave not seen a poor person since I came
to this country ; and not a beggar of any
description. The towns seem prosperous,
and the shops are magnificent. As you
walk the street you are struck with the
determination on the faces of the people,
and their strength of physique, mental
power and character. Withal, they are
very sociable and obliging, greeting you
everywhere with a smile.
Historic Quebec is the oldest place in
Canada; and a beautifully situated city,
with a quiet atmosphere quite unlike any-
thing I remember of any other city. The
people are very religious, and mostly
French Catholics. Winnipeg is a com-
mercial place, the centre of trade. Cal-
gary is a modern, very prosperous city.
One more desire of my heart has been
realized, in seeing the Rocky Mountains.
How grand, almost overpowering in
their magnificence ! I have walked six
miles to-day to see a lovely gorge. The
physical exercise was a pleasant change
after the long train journey, but just now
1 feel rather tired.
Our Council Post-Bag.
Nurse Jennings writes : “ I am so glad
that someone has answered the appeal of
the Bell-ringer. I do not know the
•donor ;* the bell has not arrived yet (this
was in September), but perhaps you will
thank the generous friend through the
medium of the Echo or “U.M.” I think
if all our requests were so quickly
answered, we should be always asking
for something. Would the response for
workers and finance be as ready?
Is there a probability of a doctor
coming? The mere thought makes me
almost beside myself with joy. At the
same time, if a doctor comes along, more
money will be needed. I, being a mere
nurse, just manage, but, of course, I
cannot do things as they should be done.
I am always having to remember that I
am on the mission field and not in an
English hospital.”
Our President writes :
"I want to appeal to all our branches
to pray especially for a doctor for Meru.
It is almost a scandal that such a mis-
sion station should be without a doctor.
It is on our hearts and in our minds all
the time ; but are we really praying about
* Mr. Edward Snowball, of Hesliam.—Ed.
it? If every member of our Auxiliary
made this a special matter of prayer for
the New Year, I am sure that a doctor
and adequate means for his support
would be soon forthcoming.”
Annie Truscott Wood.
Poe Chi: A Story and an
Appeal.
FEW months ago various mem-
bers of our Council were delighted
to receive some small “motifs”
in fancy needlework, sent as a token of
love from Wenchow to England. Mine
is among my treasures—those little bits
of history which some of us cherish so
fondly. The outsider just deems them
rubbish, but it is because he does not
know; poor animal. This motif repre-
sented at once “a circle of love” to me,
a circle as wide as the world and the love
of the Almighty Father who governs it.
Now I learn whose fingers deftly and
neatly worked the motif. Her name is
Poe Chi' (pronounced Per-Chee) and
meaning in English Precious Pearl. She
is just nineteen, and belongs to the third
generation of Christians. For three
years she has been a pupil teacher in our
Wenchow School, and has also been a
splendid worker in the Church, Sunday
School and Christian Endeavour. She is
handy with her needle, as we in England
have seen by her work in the “motifs.”
She is industrious and respectful, atten-
tive to her duties as a teacher, a leader
of the drill and, for a Chinese girl, has
a good ear for music, and has helped
greatly in that way in the school. She is
the eldest child of a rope-maker, who
with his wife, mother-in-law and six chil-
dren attend our city chapel. Mrs. Stobie
says : “ It is a real treat to see them wend-
ing their way through the streets to
chapel on a Sunday (and weekly meetings
also) in a company, a family group.”
N.B.—Will English families please
note, and follow suit?
“ A younger brother is like Precious
Pearl in character and ability, and has
done well at the Boys’ School. He is
anxious to go to our College here ; but
cannot just1 yet for want of English. At
present he is helping his father at the
rope making. We are very proud of this
family and thankful for them.”
19


An Incident from “ China and Modern Medicine ”
Poe Chi' has recently been sent to the
American Baptist Training School at
Ningpo—staffed by lady graduates from
American colleges—to take her diploma
as a teacher, and also to study English
and music. Funds are in hand to carry
her through perhaps two years, but £50
more is required for her to complete the
full course. Mrs. Stobie, writing to Mrs.
Butler, makes an urgent appeal for this
sum, to be given by some of our wealthier
workers at home, so that the general
working funds of the school may not be
hampered, nor the girls’ educational
course shortened.
Some mother, perhaps, has lost her
daughter, whom God has called to the
Home land, where college fees are un-
necessary. Will you give Poe Chi' a
chance in memory of your own precious
pearl? Or perhaps your daughter is hap-
pily settled in her own home or in some
congenial sphere of work. Will you give
£50, or a part, as a special thank-offer-
ing? If ten mothers give £5 each, we
have the required sum, and the money
<=§■=• <
An Incident from “ China and Modern Medicine.”*
will be a fine investment in the Lord’s
Treasury, bringing compound interest to
your own home circle and to many homes
away in Wenchow.
Poe Chi is under a written agreement
to serve at Wenchow for three years
when she has finished her college course.
It is hoped that her musical education
will prove a source of income to the
school funds. Chinese homes are being
furnished with American organs, and the
parents are anxious for their children to
learn how to play them. Poe Chi as a
Chinese teacher of music will attract in-
creased fees. But there is a better side
still. Music will elevate the Chinese chil-
dren and bring a fresh interest into many-
somewhat cramped and sordid homes. It
will help the rising generation in Divine
worship.
The soul that sings has wings,
And soars
To heights celestial on the Eternal shores
And finds God there.
Annie E. Dobson.

1WELL remember a visit I once paid
to the Temple of Medicine in an in-
land city. A careworn woman was
entering the outer court as I approached,
and a few minutes later, having made her
offering of money to the priests, she was
admitted to the innermost precincts of the
building. There the chief idol was en-
throned, and having placed her sticks of
lighted incense before the grotesque
figure, down she knelt low, knocking her
head on the hard stones, and giving voice
to her petition. A cylindrical box was
handed to her containing several bamboo
slips, each bearing a different number ;
and as she swayed backwards and for-
wards, calling upon the idol in a low
crooning voice, so she shook the open
box, until one .of the slips fell to the
ground. The priest, who had been watch-
ing her, at once stepped forward and
picked it up ; then, glancing at the figure
which it bore, he walked across to the
other side of the temple, and tore down
from the wall a paper with a correspond-
ing number. This he handed to the poor
♦Chosen by Dr. A. E. Cope. See pt 189. 190.
suppliant, with a brief word of instruction
as to the way in which it was to be used.
A moment later she was speeding home-
ward, there to try the effect of this new
“cure ” upon her loved one.
In some cases such a paper would con-
tain a prescription for medicine, or a few
words out of a sacred book. In one in-
stance that came under my notice the
priest gave orders that the paper was to
be soaked in water and the inky fluid
drunk by the patient—an old man suffer-
ing from dysentery. On another occasion
a Chinese lady, who was pleading for the
life of her husband, evidently “drew ” an
unlucky number, for the notice that was
handed to her contained a declaration
that the sick man had offended against the
gods, and could not recover. He did,
though, thanks to the splendid nursing of
a Christian Chinese friend who came to
the rescue! and this was all that the
temple had to offer. Where there was
extreme poverty, even this meagre con-
solation could not be sought, and the
poor invalid was left untended, and often-
times alone.
20



Flood and Famine Rev
in North. China. F. B. TURNER.
GHINA suffers constantly from severe
and widespread floods : these are
not to be regarded, as some would
have it, as the visitation of Heaven ; they
are rather to be attributed to the indiffer-
ence of the rulers, and their determination
to fill their private purses : for Govern-
ment funds have constantly been allotted
for measures towards prevention of
floods, but a mere fraction has been spent
by local officials in conservation of
rivers, the balance going to enrich these
mandarins.
Rivers must travel far to reach the sea :
through the denudation of hillsides of
their forests and undergrowth by the
people, under the venial connivance of
officials, the very soil of mountain sides is
1 carried down by heavy rains : whole
ranges of hills are reduced to bare rock,
and river beds have filled with silt. In-
stead of honestly dredging these, the offi-
cials have allowed the beds to rise ; and
have merely piled up low mud banks, which
in normal times suffice to keep the streams
in their course. This has resulted in
many great rivers flowing along at a level
considerably higher than the surrounding
country, and being kept to their course by
futile banks altogether insufficient, when
snows melt or heavy autumn rains fall,
and the freshets come pouring down from
the hills. At such times the mud banks
are scoured and thinned and miles of the
artificial river banks give way, the-
waters pouring forth over the plains and’
'4
Villagers coming on appointed day LKep. F. U. Turner
to Relief Dump.
5
February, 1922.


Flood and Famine in North China
flooding hundreds of thousands of square
miles of country. Villages of mud huts
collapse in the rising waters : small stores
of food laid by are lost, crops are laid
level with the ground, and great numbers
of people are drowned or are driven from
their homes. We experienced such a
vast flood in 1917* when scores of
thousands of refugees crowded into
Tientsin seeking shelter and sustenance.
The British community (as always) rose
to the occasion and commissioned some
of us to erect a British Relief Camp of
huts to house as many refugees as pos-
sible. We took them in and housed and
warmed and clothed and fed them till the
spring when the flood had subsided, and
we were able to send the people, each
with a present of money, back to their
homes (or, rather, to the sites of their
homes). When we broke up the camp
we had lost by death only two of the
refugees, in spite of the deadly three
months’ frost of our North China winter.
Indeed, we really gained “on balance,”
for so many babies had been born during
the winter in the huts that when we broke
camp we sent away more than we had
taken in.
There were other similar relief camps
under various organizations ; and the
work was so effectively done that large
numbers were saved who must otherwise
have been frozen or starved to death.
The Chinese Government, by the
awarding of decorations, expressed its
warm appreciation of this saving work
done by missionaries, clearly and grate-
fully recognizing that it had been done
under the inspiration of the Cross of
Christ.
From the autumn of 1919 to the autumn
of 1920 there was continuous drought, a
vast area being rainless in the five
northern provinces. This resulted in the
loss of the wheat harvest in May and
June, and of the great harvest in the
autumn of last year. The result was the
most appalling destitution—a famine such
as has not been known in the history of
China—over twenty millions of people
being affected. But for the wide floods
already referred to, these people would
have had something to fall back upon :
but with nothing laid by, and no harvest
reaped, the destitution was extreme.
*See Echo, 1918, pp. 14 and 28. .
Benevolent Chinese and Europeans in
Tientsin united in forming the North
China International Society for Famine
Relief; and while issuing appeals for
funds to all the world, we conducted a
thorough investigation of conditions over
the entire stricken area. Information was
sought and obtained from every mission
station, Catholic and Protestant, in the
five provinces, and on the basis of condi-
tions thus ascertained schemes of relief
were arranged.
Geographically the destitute area was
so vast and unwieldy that relief organiza-
tions were set up in each province, the
province of Chihli, where there were half
the entire number of destitute, being
divided into East and West. The parent
society then confined its operations to
East Chihli Province, where there were
from four to five millions affected by the
famine.*
To serve these, local relief schemes were
organized in over 30 counties ; in some
large counties two or three local schemes,
each being in the responsible charge of a
missionary : and it was the arduous but
happy duty of the writer to obtain and
forward famine food to all these centres,
and to keep it up until the wheat harvest
in May : the last train loads of famine
grain were on their way when we left
China at the end of May.
The generosity of the world, especially
the Chinese themselves, who preferred to
entrust their gifts to us rather than to
their own Government, enabled us to ex-
pend over two and a half million dollars
(about <£450,000) in the purchase and for-
warding of grain and other famine foods
to the extent of over 40,000 tons.
The work was, as will be understood,
immense ; but that of those who up the
country carried on the investigation and
the direct distribution was greater far.
China owes a great debt, and knows it, to
the missionaries who far and wide threw
themselves most self-sacrificingly into this
grim fight with death. One could tell
thrilling tales of noble service thus ren-
dered. Of our own people, Miss Armitt.
Rev. D. V. Godfrey and Dr. G. P. Smith
in Laoling, and Rev. J. Hinds in Tong-
shan, did indeed a splendid work.
Of those who were associated with the
s *S©e p 15, Jan,—Ed.
22


Flood and Famine in North China
•writer in the work of the Distribution
Board or in the local relief schemes which
it furthered, four have lately passed away,
Rev. Pere Duquesne, S.J., of the Catholic
Mission, Tientsin ; Mr. Frank Fearon, of
Tientsin; Dr. Norman P.rescott, of the
L.M.S., and our own Dr. G. Purves
Smith. They gave themselves : “their
works do follow them ” : it was worth
while dying in so great a cause. It is
something to have lived for—to have
had a leading hand in saving a million
people from death.
Alas, many were beyond our reach, and
one could tell heart-rending tales of
homes swept bare,
of scattered families,
of wives and daugh-
ters sold to a life of
shame, even of can-
nibalism, to such
straits were these
wretched people
•driven.
One’s correspond-
ence in several lan-
guages was im-
mense, and was
daily so full of sad-
ness that, had one
not steeled oneself to
go through with this
task, one would have
been broken up with
overwhelming emo-
tion as appeals were
received from every
side from those who
were “ just waiting- to
die ” (“ teng- ssu erh yi ”) : how those four
words burnt themselves into one’s heart !
It ought never to have been left to
private charity to engineer this vast relief
work : a worthy government would have
seen to it ; but it did not, except in the
most futile way : and, but for what was
done by these unofficial relief societies
headed by Christian missionaries, the
people would have been left to die.
We had even to fight the Government,
and to shame them into affording facilities
for the transport of our relief grain.
Such was the contrast between the
scrupulous use of relief funds, and the
full and impartial administration of relief
by the Christian agents of the Interna-
tional Society, and the shameless waste
and peculation of so-called Government
relieving officers, that millions of the
famine stricken, .and millions more of
their sympathisers amongst their fellow-
countrymen, have learned to recognise in
the Gospel and its messengers China’s
best friends.
We have won the hearts of the people
far and wide : they crowded to our chapels
which we used as granaries, but we dare
not during the famine receive them as
candidates for membership, fearing that
they came that they might “eat of the
Packing-case of Clothing sent to Rev. F. B. Turner.
Destitute man in his rags, and the clothes allotted to him.
loaves and be filled ” : but now, when
plentiful harvests assure us that they seek
not the bread that perisheth, they still
come in great numbers, and we must-
receive them : we are asked on every hand
to open preaching places, and might, if
we could, vastly extend our work.
Shall we do it? We lack at present the
means and the men.
Who then is willing to consecrate his
service this day unto the Lord : to step
into the breach thus made in the strong-
hold of heathendom?
And who will not further in every way
possible our entrance into these wide
doors of opportunity?
23


The Rev.
G. W. Sheppard.
eUR friend, who has served us with
continuous faithfulness and con-
spicuous. ability in Ningpo for 24
years, has been the recipient of a great
honour, which to him, as to us, has its
joyous and its pathetic side.
He has been appointed to the,secretary-
ship of the British and Foreign Bible
Society for China, as successor to the
Rev. G. H. Bondfield, D.D., who has had
the responsible office for 26 years.
Dr. Bondfield has known Mr. Sheppard
for many years, .and latterly they have
been more closely associated through Mr.
Sheppard’s work
on the revision of
the Ningpoese Old
Testament. In the
early part of last
year, Dr. Bondfield
h a d a s e r i o u s
breakdown in
health, and re-
turned to England
in the s u m m e r,
u n d er medical
orders, warned that
his years of active
service in C h i n a
were drawing to a
close. On his
homeward voyage
his mind turned to
Mr. Sheppard as
the man who might
succeed him in
charge of the Bible
Society’s work,
and on arrival in
England he sought
an interview, with
him.
Mr. Sheppard, who has undertaken, at
the urgent request of our Missionary Com-
mittee, to return to Ningpo, but only for
a short period (being strongly convinced
that some change of leadership would be
good for the Ningpo churches, and a
change of sphere good for himself) felt
at once that the work of the Bible Society
would afford him the deepest satisfaction ;
but asked that in so imporant an appoint-
ment the judgement of representative men
of other Missions should be sought. This
was done, and there was no dissentient
The EDITOR.
voice. The matter was then considered by
the China Committee of the Bible Society
in London, which Committee, after an
interview with Mr. Sheppard, unani-
mously recomended to the General Com-
mittee that he be appointed as Dr. Bond-
field’s successor. The General Committee,
in its turn, unanimously confirmed the
appointment:
Dr. J. H. Ritson, the senior secretary of
the Bible Society in England—himself a
Wesleyan Methodist minister—has com-
municated with our Connexional officials
asking that Mr. Sheppard may be released
for this work. He
says :
“ I need not en-
large upon the
importance of the
appointment. To
my mind it is the
biggest sphere any
man could fill in
China, and Mr.
Sheppard will be
able to help his
Church in his new
conditions. We
earnestly hope your
Committee will
agree to the ap-
pointment. T h e
work is so im-
portant to all the
Churches that it
has claims upon
the best. We are
asking a great deal
of you, but I know
how generous you
are, and how ready
to take the broad-
est view of the interests of the king-
dom of God. After all, these interests
can never ultimately clash with the in-
terests of any particular Church.”
China fills so important a place now in
the work of the Bible Society that about
half its total output is in that land. The
work there involves translating, printing,
publishing and distributing the Scriptures
used by all the missionary societies. The
Society is thus serving the vital interests
of all the Churches in that vast country.
Whilst we cannot welcome the thought
24


The Prayer Union
sionary, we believe Conference will accede
to the request of the Bible Society and
rejoice that one of its ministers is serving
in so great a sphere.
Mr. Sheppard set sail again for Ningpo
•on January 6th, to which mission he first
went in 1898. He anticipates continuing
there for about a year and taking' up the
new appointment in 192.3. It is our hope
that Conference, recommended by the
Missionary and Connexional Committees,
will so arrange that he may remain iden-
tified with us as a minister and passion-
ary, set apart for . this great and respon-
sible position.
We cull the following from “The Bible
in the World ” for January, from the pen
•of the Rev. T. H. Darlow, M.A., Editor.
“The Committee has unanimously ap-
pointed the Rev. G. W. Sheppard to suc-
ceed the Rev. G. H. Bondfield, D.D., in
•charge of the Society’s China agency.
Mr. Sheppard is a missionary of the
United Methodist Church. . . It is
now 23 years since he went out to
Ningpo He served as one of the revisers
of the Ningpo version of the Old Testa-
ment, and is a member of the China Con-
tinuation Committee. . . Very warm
testimonies of Mr. Sheppard’s exceptional
abilities have reached the Bible House
from missionary leaders — including
Bishop Molony and Archdeacon Moule—
'belonging to various churches â–  in the
China mission field. . . It will be im-
possible for Mr. Sheppard to enter upon
his work till the beginning of next year,
and it is suggested that Dr. Bondfield may
be able to stay a while longer to initiate
his successor into the working of the
Society in this important agencv. ”
-5-
The Prayer Union.
And I solemnly tell you that wherever
in the whole world,- the Good news shall
be proclaimed, this which she has done
shall also be told in remembrance of her.
Mark 14 : 9. (Weymouth.)
“The law of the open window, the
reverent heart, the soul’s faithfulness 1
Babylon had a law that altered not : so
had Daniel.” (See Dan. 6 : 10.) Percy
C. Ainsworth.
Hymns.
Lord of the harvest, hear.
Lord, grant us like the watching five.
Eternal Lord of earth and skies.
Feb. 5.—West Africa. Rev. W. S.
Micklethwaite. Page 58 in Report. Ezek.
36 : 1-7.
Feb. 12.—For our missionaries at sea
in February and March. Mark 4 : 26-41.
Feb. 19.—North China. Lading Cir-
cuit. Rev. D. V. Godfrey. Pp. 19, 20.
Ezek. 36 : 21-38.
Feb. 26.—Wenchow College, and its
work. Mr. T. W. Chapman, M.Sc. Pp.
37, 38. Ezek. 34 : 20-31.
NOTABLE DATES.
Feb. 6. Adoniram Judson, ordained
1812.
Feb. 8. A. M. Mackay died 1890.
Feb. 10. James Gilmour ordained, 187(1.
Feb. 12. Alexander Duff died, 1878.
Feb. 18. Henry Martyn died, 1781.
Feb. 19. Judson sailed for India, 1812.
Feb. 20. Chalmers (L.M.S.) sailed for
China, 1852.
Our work in the world.
II.—South-East China.
In the province of Chekiang, near
the east coast of the great country
of China, we have
Churches ... 321
Missionaries 8
Chinese ministers... ... 414
Adult members ... 5367
Junior members ... ... 3372
Members on Trial ... 6136
Total baptized adults ... 9487
Sunday Schools 66
Teachers 61
Scholars ... 1300
25


Door
Day of Prayer for
Students. Feb. 26.
Mr.
HUGH MARTIN.
PEACE with Ireland, the Washington
Conference, the rapid growth in in-
fluence of the League of Nations-
all these things which would have seemed
like fairy-tales a few years back—are
sufficient evidence, if any were needed,
that we are living in days of great possi-
bility. It is a commonplace to say that
these are plastic times, but it is none the
less true for all that. Mankind is on the
march, and this generation may see the
world travelling a long way towards the
city of God.
But (here is nothing automatic in
human progress. Only men and women
of faith and hope and love, who can co-
operate with the purposes of God, are
able to lift the world. In such times of
transition, it is of even greater import-
ance than usual that the leaders of the
nations should be men and women of high
ideals and strong character. Many readers
of this article will perhaps be surprised
when it is suggested that those upon
whom the burden of responsibility for the
leadership of the world must rest during
the coming generations, are to be found
very largely among students. To many
people the word “college” suggests an
academic atmosphere that is out of all
relation to practical every-day life. Every-
body knows that doctors, teachers, and
clergy and ministers of all denominations
go to college, and these three classes in
themselves exert a very considerable in-
fluence. Few people realise, however,
that there is hardly a business or profes-
sion whose ranks are not largely re-
inforced from the colleges. Journalists,
lawyers, politicians, engineers, agricul-
turists, heads of great commercial and
industrial undertakings are increasingly
being trained in the colleges. It is, there-
fore, hardly putting matters too strongly
to say that what the colleges think to-day
the world will think to-morrow. If there
could be devised some way of inspiring
the students in the Universities of the
world with unselfish ideals and building
them up into men and women of integrity,
â– what could not be accomplished in a
single generation ?
Means for working this miracle exist.
There is at present an organisation in,
being which includes in its ranks the
students of forty nations, in Europe and,
America, Asia and Australia. It bands
together those who will pass out into
positions of leadership in every walk ol
life, and it stands predominantly for ideals,
and for character. This organisation is
the Student Christian Movement. By far
the largest and most comprehensive of
any student organization in the world, it
is uncompromisingly Christian in its aims
and ideals. It has to-day more than
200,000 members among present students.
Many voices are being raised to-day
which tell us in accents of exultation or
of grief, as the case may be, that religion
is under a cloud ; that the Christian
Church is bankrupt; that the religious
future is black beyond words. Those who
are in touch with the work of the Student
Christian Movement cannot adopt this
pessimistic attitude. An enquiry was
recently conducted into the attitude of
students throughout the world to Chris-
tianity, the result of which was summed
up in the following sentences. “ It seems
to be the universal testimony, moreover,
that the students of all lands are more
open and accessible to-day to the message
and messengers of Christ than at any
time in the past. One receives the dis-
tinct impression that there is in the
present student generation on almost
every hand a teachableness, an eagerness
of quest for light, united with a disposi-
tion to pay great prices, if need be, to
find liberating and vitalising truth—and
this is most certainly a precursor of some-
thing far greater and better for the reli-
gious life of the universities and colleges
of the world.” There is a wide-open
door for the ambassadors of Christ to
reach the students of the world. Difficul-
ties and obstacles there are in plenty, but
the opportunity is the feature of the situa-
tion that strikes those who know.
The leaders of the movement through-
out the world are painfully conscious that
their resources, spiritually and materially,
are not sufficient to enable them to seize


A Protestant Mission in Laoling, North China
this opportunity to the full. They would
therefore beg earnestly for the sympathy
and prayers of the readers of this maga-
zine for their work. In particular, they
would ask that on Sunday, February 26th,
special prayer should be offered in
Church and at home for the winning of
students for Christ and His service. This
day, in accordance with the practice of
many years, has been set apart by the
World’s Student Christian Federation as
a Universal Day of Prayer for Students,
and will be observed throughout the
world. Copies of the official Call to
Prayer, and further information will
gladly be sent to anyone who will apply
for it, to the General Secretary, “ Annan-
dale,” North End Road, London,
M.W.ll.
Let us Pray—
O Thou who dost call men and women
to carry the good news of Jesus Christ to'
all nations, grant Thy strengthening
grace to all who have responded to Thy
call. Give us vision to see the greatness
of our service, and humility to see our
unworthiness. Guide us in all in our
preparation, enriching the good gifts wc
already possess and supplying those
which we lack. Give us happiness and
peace, insight and adaptability, courage
and judgment. Make us ready to learn
as well as to teach ; to receive as well as
to give ; that we may truly show forth
Jesus, not only in our words but in our
lives. Through Jesus Christ our Lord,
Amen.
-From “ A book of prayers for Students."'
-$•
A Protestant Mission in
Rev.
Laoling, North China. j hinds.
(Enclosed I send copy of a document
which will be of interest to old M.N.C.
friends who had the account of the opening
of our work in Laoling from the pens and
(ips of our sainted Pioneers, Hall and Inno-
cent. I discovered an old volume of the
Chinese Recorder ” (1870), and found the
following. On mentioning my find to some
of the brethren, they at once said, “Send it
to the ‘ Echo.”’) J. Hinds.
The following is copied from a letter in
the “Annals of the Propagation of the
Faith ” for September, iS70 :
“ On the eve of the festival of St.
Francis Xavier, the Father writes, I
was about taking the road to the North
when a Christian from Shantung came
to tell me that the Protestant minister re-
siding in his village had made great
preparations for a grand dinner, to which
he was going to invite his own followers
and Monsignor Cosi’s catechumens.”
And here I must make a digression.
It may be asked how and since when
have the Protestants settled themselves
in such remote regions, fifty leagues from
Tientsin. Heretofore they were content
to make some rapid excursions into the
interior, to distribute their Bibles,, but
they had not ventured, nor durst they, to
establish themselves except in the great
commercial centres, or at most in some
of the villages situated close to the
coasr. We will continue the story.
“ About three years ago a young native
of Canton, belonging to the prefecture of
Lao ling, was dismissed from an English
warehouse, in which he had been em-
ployed. Finding himself without money
or occupation, he became a Protestant,
and brought two English ministers to the
village of Tchou kia chai (Chu Chia Tsai)
promising that if they established them-
selves here, all his countrymen would be
converted to Protestantism. Just at that
time there were 10 families of catechu-
mens who had been recently converted
by one of our neophytes ; and these poor
people appeared to offer an easy conquest
to the ministers. Thereupon they ad-
dressed themselves, in the first instance,
to these parties,; but without success.
The preachers scattered money about in
profusion, but the faithful wanted none of
it. Less difficulty was experienced in the
case of the pagans, and before long 500
of them became Protestants ; showing,
however, less eagerness to bear the doc-


Our “ Echo ” Stamp Bureau
trine of the ministers than to receive their
rupees and partake of the abundant re-
pasts offered to them.
“ During the three years that English or
American money has been preaching the
Gospel in Tchou-kia-tchai, the 10 Catholic
families have remained firm in the faith.
As for the 500 disciples of Protestantism,
after having received large gratuities,
they disappeared by degrees from the
Church ; there are hardly more than 40
remaining. Several have expressed a
wish to embrace the faith of those who
do not sell ilieir conscience, and I have had
the consolation of admitting among our
•catechumens about GO persons who, for
the most part, had been already baptized
by the ministers. Of the four Protestant
schools opened in Tchou-kia-tchai and the
neighbourhood, two have already died a
natural death ; the third is in its last
agony, and the fourth is in a very bad
way indeed. Despite of these defeats, or
rather in consequence thereof, the Pro-
testant minister, who was staving at
Tchou-kia-tchai, contrived to speak so
very well of St. Francis Xavier, that three
or four catechumens appeared to have
almost made up their minds to accept his
invitation and fraternize with the Pro-
testants to the feast which was to come off
on the 3rd December. For the edification
of our Christians, and the honour of
Catholicity, it was necessary to stop the
parties, who, I had been told, were
allured by the savour of English cookery.
Moreover, the intimate and fraternal affec-
tion which has always united the vicariate
of Shantung to that of Eastern Pe-tche-ly
(Pei Chih Li) made it a duty incumbent
on me to cross the frontier. Consequently
I made my appearance about 9 o’clock in
the morning at Tchou-kia-tchai, and left
it at 4 o’clock in the afternoon. The Pro-
testants had the dinner to themselves, and
it must be said to the credit of the Canton
neophytes that none of them would have
yielded to the temptation, or taken part in
the festivities, even if I had not been there
to prevent them.”
Our “Echo”
Stamp Bureau.
Rev. F. COOPER.
I desire to call the attention ol our
readers to our Stamp Bureau. We are
confident that many of you receive foreign
stamps from time to time, and we think
some of you could collect a few from
friends without much trouble- No stamps
are too common for our purpose. The
stamps will be sold and the amount
realised will be shown in the Mission
report. Possibly some of you have old
collections that are of no further use or
interest to you, and which you may be
willing to give in this way : ,the proceeds
of such, collections could be credited to
any church or circuit if the donor should
so wish. Who will help to swell the Mis-
sion Funds? Don’t waste your stamps!
Keaders who can help are invited to com-
municate with the Stamp Secretary ; as
above, at
Spire Hollin.
Carshalton.
Surrey.


Miao-land, 1921.
1HAVE just returned from a short
journey amongst my Miao. It has
been tremendously interesting. We
were a party of eight : a Chinese teacher,
a horse-boy, and five men carrying bed-
ding, luggage, etc. The teacher and I
rode ponies, the others walked. We
started out on Friday morning. The
weather was simply glorious, although,
unfortunately, it rained hard each day
afterwards.
The scenery was fascinating. From
the crest of the mountains one could see
dozens of other peaks receding into the
distance. Our road took us down a val-
ley, up a very steep hill over mountains
s,000 feet above sea level, down into a
second valley, and half way up the op-
posite hill. We were in the saddle from
ten in the morning to five in the after-
noon. En route there was a small mill
where joss paper is made. The process
is interesting. Thin bamboos are cut in
pieces, steeped and boiled in huge kilns,
first with lime and afterwards with soda.
This process takes a month. The mass
Rev. W. H. HUDSPETH, B.A.
is then taken out and rolled with heavy
rollers. This pulp is mixed with water in
which the roots of a small evergreen tree
(the Averrhoa Carambola) have been
steeped. It would appear that this makes
the powdered bamboo adhere. The whole
is stirred up and after some time a tray
made of very fine bamboo is used to take
out the soaked pulp. When the water
has drained off these layers Of powdered
bamboo (now paper) are dried on the sides
of large brick ovens. Afterwards it is
sold to be made into paper money which
is burnt for the use of departed spirits.
A number of children came to meet us.
The kiddies are always the first to wel-
come the teacher, and on this occasion
they were particularly excited, as they
had not seen me for five years, and some
had never seen me. The older people met
us later. By the time we reached the vil-
lage we formed quite a procession.
The house where we stayed was a,
rather quaint mud hut. In the middle of
the floor a coal fire was burning. There
was no chimney, the fumes finding their
Our *' Arthington ” Boys’ School, Stone Gateway. [Rev. H. Parsons
Stones on right ;|re in memoriam of the late Mr. Arthington.
29


Miao-land, 1921
way out through the door and thatched
roof. With great difficulty two old, tot-
tering bedsteads were found, and on these
we spread our bedding. For seats stumps
of trees were used. On these we sat
around the fire and chatted about our long
absence. In honour of my return a goat
was killed (and this, by the way, makes
the sixth). This was chopped into huge
chunks and boiled—heart, liver, stomach,
all together—and with steamed maize was
served up for our evening meal.
. We borrowed another house for the ser-
vice. It had three rooms. In one ol
these were the cattle—the other two were
crammed with people packed almost as
tightly as sardines in a tin. We had a
particularly good meeting. Most of the
people can sing well, and together we
sang some of the old hymns which are
favourites at home. Men, women, boys
and girls offered up prayers so heartily
that one might have been in a Salvation
Army meeting. At the close of the ser-
vice a woman asked me to pray for her
baby girl. She was much afraid lest
devils should come and harm the wee
babe. A second woman asked me to pray
that a long-standing illness might be
taken away from her. These people firmly
believe in the power of prayer. After-
wards we gathered around the fire and
taught hymns until nigh midnight.
On the Saturday, after saying many
good-byes and telling one another how
glad we were that we had been spared to
meet again, we went on to Hmao-ah-nieh-
zo. Here we have a small chapel. Un-
fortunately, a few weeks ago, part of one
of the sids walls collapsed. This was
caused by recent heavy rains. The
next day we held our harvest festival
services. At eight in the morning we
had a prayer-meeting attended by be-
tween forty and fifty people. By eleven
o’clock the members began to gather for
what we term the “big service,” which
we opened at twelve. It was a miserably
wet day, and yet some folk trudged fifteen
miles over extremely difficult roads. Gifts
of maize, eggs and honey were brought,
and the church was crowded to its utmost
capacity.' A number of kiddies sat with
me on the crude platform which serves
as a pulpit. The meeting didn’t close
until four o’clock. Before we separated
we celebrated the Sacrament of the
Lord’s Supper. With us this is a very
simple service, but these children of the
hills find it exceedingly helpful. Buck-
wheat cake serves as bread, and tea
serves as wine. Small, roughly burnt
earthenware cups serve as chalice, and at
times the Presence is felt as truly as in
some of your English cathedrals.
The church was crowded in the even-
ing for the magic lantern. New slides
sent to me by friends at home gave in-
describable pleasure.
I was awakened early on the Monday
morning by the g-r-r-r, g-r-r-r, g-r-r-r of
a large stone mill. Two girls were grind-
ing' the mill, which is of the same type
and pattern as the mill of New Testament
times. It made one recall the saying' of
Jesus, “Two women shall be grinding' at
the mill : the one shall be taken, and the
other left.” I looked around the hut in
which I was sleeping, and laughed aloud
to think how comfortable one could make
oneself under the most uninviting sur-
roundings. Hens were cackling about
the floor, and at the door two dirty pigs
were grunting. By stretching out my
hand I could touch a huge coffin which
was waiting for the home-going of the
old man who owned the house.
Monday was a truly great day. There
was a tea party attended by three hun-
dred odd people. It reminded me of the
shows which sometimes we have at home,
only here, instead of tea, sandwiches,
cakes, pastries, etc., we killed and cooked
a cow and swallowed (these people don’t
masticate their food) huge lumps of it
together with steamed maize. I had in-
digestion afterwards, but that didn’t
matter very much. I had taken part in
the gathering, to the great delight of al,
present. The first table was served at
two and the last at seven o’clock. I
peeped into the kitchen where the food
was being provided, but decided that I
would have enjoyed the meat better had
I not seen the dirty hands and greasy
pans.
Tuesday saw us on the move again
bound for Hmao-k’eh-veh-adang, which
has not seen a missionary for five or six
years. ‘Midway we were entertained to
lunch by a Miao who, though poor, is
most zealous in his devotion to Jesus
Christ. The lunch was not so elaborate
as one would find, say, at the Ritz. It
30


For Young Folk and Older Ones
â– consisted of unpeeled boiled potatoes.
Ten of us gathered around a huge wood
fire, and taking the potatoes in our hands,
we peeled them with our fing'ers and
munched as many of them as we could. I
struggled through one.
At night the little horde where we held
the service was crowded. Here I sang
and preached and talked and prayed until
my throat was hoarse. When I tumbled
Into my blankets at eleven, the room was'
still almost full, and my horse-boy was
teaching the crowd how to sing,
I am trusting Thee, Lord Jesus,
Trusting only Thee.
We returned home on the Wednesday.
â– It was a long, weary ride of thirty-five
miles over mountainous paths, and it
rained every inch of the way. An hour
after we started we were all drenched to
the skin. But we didn’t mind. To See
the happy faces of these people was worth
<=^=s
For Young Folk
and Older Ones.
N old clock, that had stood for fifty
years in a farmer’s kitchen, with-
out giving its owner any cause for
complaint, early one summer’s morning',
before the family were stirring, suddenly
stopped.
Upon this, the face of the clock
changed countenance, the hands were
held up in horror, the wheels became
motionless with surprise, and the weights
hung heavily. Each member endeavoured
to lay the blame on the others.
At length, the dial instituted a formal
inquiry as to the cause of the general
stagnation, when hands, wheels and
weights protested their innocence. Then
a faint tick was heard to proceed from the
pendulum, who spoke thus :
“ I confess that I am the sole cause of
the present stoppage anc), for the general
satisfaction, I am ready to state my
reasons. The truth is, I am tired of tick-
ing ! ” Upon hearing this the old clock
became so enraged that it was on the
very point of striking.
Lazy wire!” exclaimed the dial-plate,
'holding up its hands. “ So, so ! ” replied
The pendulum ; it is vastly easy for you,
getting soaked and catching cold. One
thing worried me, and still worries me.
In the Hmao-ah-nieh-zo Circuit there are
sixteen villages, large and small. We
were able to visit only four of them, and
for twelve months there will be no time
to visit the others. “ How shall they hear
without a preacher? ”
On the last morning, after we had sung
a hymn and prayed, some of the people
escorted us to the brow of the hill, and
here we said good-bye, and they thanked
us for visiting them. As we went down
into the valley, I looked back and saw
our friends outlined against the sky
waving good-bye. I wish you could have
seen them, and in imagination I wish you
to see these children of the hills waving
to you and calling you to come over and
help them. “There stood a man of Mace-
donia, and prayed Paul, saying, Come
over into Macedonia and help us.”
The Discontented Pendulum
A Century-old Fable with
a Moral.
Mistress Dial—who have always, as
everybody knows, set yourself above me
—it is vastly easy for you, I say, to accuse
other people of laziness ! You have
nothing to do all the days of your life but
to stare people in the face and amuse your-
self with watching all that goes on in the
kitchen ! Think now ! How would you
like to be shut up for life in this dark
case and have to wag forwards and back-
wards, year after year, as I have to do? ”
“As to that,” rejoined the dial, “is
there not a window in your house on pur-
pose for you to look through? ”
“For all that,” resumed the pendulum,
“ it is very dark here ; and although there
is a window, I dare not stop, even for an
instant, to look out of it. Besides, I am
really tired of my way of life, and, if you
wish, I’ll tell you how I became disgusted
with my employment. I happened, this
morning, to be calculating how many
times I should have to tick in the course
of the next twenty-four hours—perhaps
some of you up there can give me the
exact sum.”
The minute-hand, being quickest at
figures, soon replied: “Eighty-six thou-
sand, four hundred times.”
31


Washermen’s Circular in Tientsin
“Exactly so!” replied the pendulum.
“ Well, 1 appeal to you all ; was not the
very thought of that enough to fatigue
one? When I began to multiply the
strokes of one day by those of weeks,
months and years, I became more and
more discouraged at the prospect ; so,
after much thought and some hesitation,
thinks I to myself, I’ll stop 1 ”
The dial could scarcely keep a straight
face during this harangue, but, resuming
its gravity, thus replied :
“Dear Mr. Pendulum, I am really-
astonished that such a useful, industrious
person as yourself should have been over-
come by this sudden notion. It is quite
true you have done a great deal of work
in your time ; so have we all, and are
likely to do. But, although it may-
fatigue us to think about so much work,
the question is whether it will fatigue us
to do it. Will you now do m.e the favour
of giving about half-a-dozen strokes to
illustrate my argument ”
The pendulum complied, and ticked six
times at its usual pace.
“Now,” resumed the dial, “may I be
allowed to inquire whether that exertion
was at all fatiguing or disagreeable to
you ? ”
“Not in the least,” replied the pendu-
lum ; “ it is not of six strokes that I com-
plain, but of millions.'"
“Very good!” replied the dial, “but
recollect that, though you can think of a
million strokes in an instant, you are
required to execute only one, and that,
however often you may have to swing, a
moment will always be given you to
swing in.”
“I had not looked at it in that light,”
said the pendulum, “ I confess your
reasoning is sound.”
“Then I hope,” added the dial, “we
shall all immediately return to our respec-
tive duties, or the maids will lie abed
until noon if we stand idling thus.”
Upon this the weights, who had never
been accused of light conduct, used all
their influence in urging him to proceed,
and, with general consent, the wheels
began to turn, the hands to revolve, and
the pendulum commenced to swing arid,
to its credit, ticked as loudly as ever.
At the same moment, a red beam of the
rising sun streamed through a knot-hole
in the kitchen shutter and lighted full!
upon the dial-plate, and its face bright-
ened up as though nothing had been
amiss.
(From The Pressman, by permission.)â– 
Washermen’s Circular in
Tientsin. (As written and printed,)
Contemporary Public Decision.
We found that the value of the daily-
necessary is by degree Prompted to
the maximum in case of the pains Of
the flood and famine. The workers in
various occupation among the com-
munities are initialing with their efforts
for requesting to increase their wages,
with them we are only treated in the
irregular way, as we see we are still
launched in the narrow harbour, in
view of the higher values of the soaps,
the blue powders, and all materials for
the washing use which are several times
the original figure.
We, washer contemporary are obliged to-
devise means for our livelihood in
soliciting you all, our customers for
advancing some of our washing fees.
The public decided Articles are. written
below.
(1) The small or smaller size of clothes
100 pieces, $5.00.
(2) The woollen foreign style Clothes,
and the woollen Blankets or the Gar-
ments each piece, from cents 10 to
$1.00 (irregulary) (by verbal agree-
ment) Skirts for ladies.
(3) By receipt of the records at 1st of
every month is in effect by the chop-
of the shopkeeper.
Copied by Rev. D. V. Godfrey.
An experience affording the medicine of
laughter to a Doctor.
Dear Doctor,
Sir,—I beg most respectfully to re-
port that this my housemaid is not feeling-
bright, suffering from whooping cough
on the left chest, so kindly help me or;
that part.
Yours, etc.,
B. M. N.
32


Miss
JESSIE E. ESAM.*
lutely quiet and attentive, and when the
meeting broke up and we spoke to them in
twos and threes. We were surprised at
their knowledge of the Gospel story.
We found that the old mother-in-law
had been converted through the in-
fluence of her daughters; that a young
son had come home for his holidays and
had also given his heart to Christ. On
returning to school at Peking he sought
to learn more of Christianity so entered
a Bible class conducted by Dr. Tenny.
Returning home to stay, his people opened
a large room, and each Sunday he was
conducting a service there with quite a
good congregation. We supplied him with
Bibles, hymn books and tracts ; and that
work is still going on.
It is a great sorrow to my sister and
myself to have to say good-bye to some
of these villages which have been brought
in touch with the Gospel through the
hospital, and our earnest prayer is that
a successor to Dr. Smith may soon be ’
found.
A Story of Chu
Chia, Shantung.
HREE years ago a Mrs. Chang
(with her sister, Mrs. Wang,
to nurse her) came into the
hospital to have her foot amputated ;
the operation was quite successful,
and during their stay in hospital
both women were converted. Twice last
year they sent begging Mrs. Purves
Smith to visit them in their own village,
but on both occasions sent again to
prevent her coming', as the old mother-in-
law was so hostile (see central figure of
lower picture). This year, however, they
wrote again begging us to go to them,
so when we returned to Chu Chia after
the death of Dr. Purves Smith, we visited
their home, sending the Bible woman the
â– day before. When we arrived the whole
village seemed to be waiting for us, so
after a brief rest which consisted in drink-
ing tea and being introduced to four
generations of our hostess’ family, my
sister addressed several hundred people
under a huge cart shed, which had been
prepared for the purpose. During an
hour and a half’s talk the crowd was abso-
* Sister-in-law of Dr. Smith.—Ed.
Mountain-talk.
J. M. BLAKE, M.A.
1 LAY down on a carpet of edelweiss
and let the Spirit of the Mountains
talk. It was articulate. “ Little
human creature, for a moment off
the track of prejudices, with us you
are back at the first facts of exist-
ence ; round our knees the seasons
gather to plan their doincs; birds and
men nest among our robes, loving the
house-room we provide. Listen : the
meadows laugh and give bread, they
are your servants; the streams laugh
and are merry and you make them
your slaves; the towns laugh and they
are filled with deceit, they are your
prisons. But we are your comrades;
you cannot make us obey. We alone
are your equals, and to us only can
you liken yourselves when you think
wisely : therefore count yourself a
child of the horizons, as we are : be
the first to catch the message of the
Light, and the last to hold it, for
Light is Love, and love is all. With-
out it you are as the fungus which
grows in shadow and is born to cor-
ruption.” “ Joy of Tyrol.”


The Problem of the Inverted A.
FI IS, which appeared in November
(p. 212) has only been attacked by
two friends. We print the greater
part of one, and the whole of the other,
as it is briefer. The former seems some-
what unsupported by evidence, so we have
sent the book to the latter contributor,
though neither paper is fully explanatory.
If any reader cares to attack the attempted
solutions we shall welcome brief notes.
Our friend, Mr. Hipkins, is a confirmed
invalid, and is deeply interested in all
missionary problems. We have had
several letters from , him commending
methods of work for missions : to which
we shall return when space allows. Mr.
Williamson is assistant minister in the
Bolton (St. George’s Road) Circuit.
The inversion of letters does not neces-
sarily imply any idiosyncrasy peculiar to
the Polynesian mind. If Stevenson really
thought such a thing could not be seen
in Europe, he was for once mistaken.
Half an hour’s observation of the English
lesson in a kindergarten class would re-
move all doubts on the subject. It would
soon be seen that being made to stand on
their heads is only one of the many in-
dignities that the letters of the King’s
English have to submit to daily, at the
hands of His Majesty’s smallef subjects.
And who has not seen J, N, S and Z
turned the wrong way round in the names
on vehicles and over shops, whose owners
have undertaken to do their own painting
and printing'. Some of these venturesome,
amateurs take the same liberty with even
D and B, though it must be admitted
they very rarely turn any letters upside
down.
In teaching children their letters, loose
cards, each with a letter printed on it,
are in common use. Better educational
results would be produced if children
never saw a letter in any position except
the correct one. But to them, one posi-
tion is as g'ood as another, and the cards
are often looked at when in wrong posi-
tions. This produces confusion in their
minds, and later on causes many
mistakes, ;
Now for the Polynesian. Though of
adult age, when he comes to the mission-
school to learn the white man’s language,
his literary attainments amount to nothing
at all. So he is put through the same
course as our children, and is just as
liable as they are to fall into error. If of
a practical turn of mind, after receiving
a few lessons, he will seek to make his
newly-acquired knowledge serve his in-
terests in some way. Suppose he is
keeper of a general store. Soon his name
appears over the window, followed by the
announcement of his commodities. Per-
haps our Polynesian would get a friend,
somewhat more advanced in scholarship
than himself, to spell some of the words
to him, but even then mistakes might
occur.
Thus both in Europe and in Polynesia
these inversions may be caused simply by
prematurely rushing into print; from
which cause also other and more serious
troubles have before now been known to
arise. Samuei. B. Hipkins.
Dudley Port.
I am interested in your problem of the
inverted letter. As it is the letter A
upside down, I think the solution from
the history of writing is the one that is
at once most simple and feasible.
We are told that the earliest type of
writing among primitive people is pic-
torial, and they accepted as the pictoriafi
symbol for ox,
This we might calf
an inverted A, but the fact is that our A
is the inverted form of the picture symbol
Aleph—an ox—probably come to us by
way of H Aieph and <2 Alpha to our
cursive a.
I submit therefore that the Samoans, a
primitive people, wrote the A in the primi-
tive way : and this—to us?3 an
rnver,ted A,
J. E. Williamson.
Radcliffe, near Manchester.
ISAIAH 60.
A Marvellous Missionary Manifesto..
We are to find, during 1922, 12 great
missionary texts, and yet there are but
22 verses.
FEBRUARY.
2.
And nations shall come to
Thy light, and kings to the
brightness of Thy rising.


Bookland.
John» Mackintosh.
E join the chorus of welcome to
“The Story of a'great endeav-
our ”* as revealed in the business
career and Christ-inspired life of the one
we are proud to remember as kindred in
missionary enthusiasm. It was our pleas-
ure to meet him from time to time on our
Foreign Missions Committee and under
other circumstances.
We have read the story of his early
days, by his esteemed brother, with deep
interest. We note also how loyal lie was
to his own church and his chosen town.
He was a Yorkshireman born in
Cheshire! His too-brief life literally
teemed with blessing to his fellows.
'e turn naturally to Chapter II. for
notice in this magazine. “ John Mackin-
tosh could not be content with a narrow
outlook and cramped and limited activi-
ties.” Hence we find him seeking con-
quests in the far-away branches of our
Church and remember gratefully his gift
of the substantial sum to rebuild our Chao
Tong Church, and we welcome the
photograph which shows the building.
•We also recall, aided by this book, his
stern efforts in many ways to sweep awfty
our missionary debts in 1913. Then how
we mourned his loss on the eve of his
chairmanship at the missionary meeting
at Conference in 1920 !
The Rev. G. W. Crutchley has done
his work well. The book is worthy of a
wide circulation.
*Hodder and Stoughton, London, and W.
Patterson, Halifax; 4s. 6d. net.
The International Review
of Missions.!
This review starts its eleventh year
with an enlarged issue which has
been as well advertised as eagerly
expected. It fully satisfies our expecta-
tions. The feature of the special number
is Ten years’ selected Missionary Biblio-
graphy, most carefully compiled, as we
have tested in several instances. The
index to the index contains no less than
678 authors. Grist’s “Life of Pollard”
is duly noted for 1920, p. 52, and Soothill’s
“Three Religions of China ” is carefully
marked “out of print.” The publishers
only announced this exhaustion in Sep-
tember last. Those who are not careful
students of Missions will wonder when we
say there are 41 pages of this remarkable
bibliography. We welcome it most
heartily. The very fact is an inspiration
and for reference it is invaluable.
The review itself opens with a careful
survey of “The last ten years in China,”
by the Rev. A. L. Warnshuis, one of the
secretaries of the International Missionary
Council.
This is well followed by a charming
description of the last meeting of the said
Council (Lake Mohonk, New York State)
in October. The first was in June, 1920,
at I.es Crans, Geneva. We shall hear
more, and more of this Council, and it
will be all for the good of our great
cause. Here’s a little bit from the report,
which is by the Rev. Frank Lenwood,
well known as one of the Foreign Secre-
taries of the L.M.S. :
“ In the arrangement there was no mono-
tony. Bishop Uzaki, of the Methodist Church
in Japan sat between Dr. Ritson and Sir
Robert W. Williams to prevent any English
colloguing, jyst as Miss Gollock was separa-
ted from Bishop King by the sturdy and alert
figure of Dr. North, secretary of the Metho-
dist Episcopal Board of North America. In
another corner, Dr. S. K. Datta and Baron
von Boetzelaer van Duheldam were alterna-
ted with people of less exciting names, like
Miss Florence Mackenzie of Edinburgh, and
Willard Lyon, late of Shanghai.”
Then Dr. John R. Mott gives us a
thrilling paper on the beauty and advan-
tage of International Missionary Co-
operation :
“We must live in unity with other nations
if we are to fulfil the law of Christ. Each
national type has its strong as well as its
weak points. It follows that a combination
of the strong points of all types will give a
resultant force the most complete and effec-
tive.”
“The Gate of the Temple called Beauti-
ful ” is a fascinating paper by Dr. Henry
Sloane Coffin, as also “The sublimation
of Bantu life and thought,” by a Primi-
tive Methodist Missionary, now with the
Bible Society, the Rev. E. \V. Smith.
This is an excellent opportunity for
commencing the Review.
+This number 5s. Annual subscription to
any part of the world, 10s. Od. post free.
2 Eaton Gate, S.W. 1, or of our own pub-
lishing house.
35


By Mrs. J.
A Chinese Wedding.
By Miss Barwick.
O-DAY we have been to a Chinese
wedding-, and you will be interested
to hear all about it. The bride-
groom had been an “enquirer” for some
time at our little church and now, on the
occasion of his marriage, he desired to
start a Christian home. For this reason
he requested Mr. Evans to officiate. The
marriage service was to take place at his
home, at 9.30 a.m. At 9.15 we were
ready to start, but the little bridesmaids
had not arrived. Mrs. Evans had pre-
pared pretty baskets of flowers for them
to carry and charming' little wreaths for
their hair. At 10.30 we left home.
arriving' at the important house at 10.45.
A Group at Stone Gateway. [Rev. H. Parsons.
Mrs. Yorkston (C.I.M.) Elsie Parsons. Keith Parsons.
Baby Yorkston, Kenneth Parsons.
A. DOBSON.
As we neared the door, the '“orchestra ”
commenced some lively tunes. I must
mention that the orchestra consisted of
three men playing the most weird instru-
ments I have ever seen ; one of these did
duty as a drum, and the.other two were
something like bag-pipes, only on a more
primitive scale. The music stopped as
soon as we entered and bowed to
the bridegroom-elect, who was arrayed in
silk clothing with a huge red sash around
his waist. Red ribbons were also tied
around his arms and huge bows of the
same ribbon suspended from every avail-
able end. The courtyard was decorated
with rather dirty looking coloured mus-
lins. We were told on entering that the
bride had not arrived, as the wedding
chair was not yet available. There were
only three wedding chairs in the city, and
there were thirty requests for that morn-
ing. Eleven o’clock came, then twelve.
We spent the time drinking tea and eat-
ing nuts ; and, as is the custom, we had
perforce to admire the ladies’ costumes
and to pass comments on their jewellery,
etc.
By 12.30 I began to grow very weary.
The day was warm and the room was hot
and stuffy. We descended to the court-
yard and beg'an to settle ourselves for
another long wait, when the news arrived
that the bride’.s chair was in sight, and
once again the music began. Evidently
the bride wished her part of the ceremony
to be performed in the manner of her own
countrywomen. She arrived with a
hideous red cloth over her head and cover-
ing her face. She wore a red coat and
trousers and red shoes. I was very dis-
appointed, but joined nevertheless in the
singing of our hymns with that little-thrill
of wonder and excitement that a girl
always feels at a wedding. After the cere-
mony was, over, the bride was escorted to
her bedroom, where she rid herself of her
veil and top clothing. She then had to
36


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
sit on the bed while every guest came to
look at her. We went to her almost
immediately, bowed and sat down for a
few minutes. Custom forbade conversa-
tion with her, and the complete silence
gave me a keen desire either to laugh or
cry. Everything seemed so grotesque and
yet so pathetic.
The bride was now adorned in beautiful
pink silk garments, and she looked very
sweet. A gentleman came to look at her,
and immediately her head was lowered,
for she dare not look at him. I con-
trasted this marriage with our own
English ceremonies, and thought of the
happy English girls. How different this
little Chinese girl looked. Once more- we
bowed to the bride, who returned the
salute, then we left the room. We were
soon called to the feast which was pre-
pared for us. We partook of about
twenty dishes, some of which were Com-
posed of sharks’ fins, bamboo, burned
eggs and sea slug's. (I had better not tell
you any more ! ! !) Of course, we enjoyed
all the dishes, but I was not sorry to walk
home and procure a cup of 'English tea.
It is the custom at such weddings for
all the relatives to assemble in the little
room with the bride and say the most
horrid things they can think about her.
This goes on until the bride is entirely
strung up and retorts bv saying some-
thing ever more horrid than they have
said. Then the taunting stops. Poor
little bride 1 At this wedding, however,
despite the clinging to certain customs, a
Christian spirit was maintained, and this
taunting conversation did not take place.
Amelia Barwick.
“ Whatsoever things
are lovely.”
Jack was entertaining me in the early
morning as I was lying in bed. The old
piano, which has seen at least three
generations of service, was in the adjoin-
ing room, and Jack was playing vigor-
ously upon it, and singing at the top speed
and power of his small voice :
Little Boy Blue, come blue up your horn !
Sheep’s in the meadow, the cow in the corn.
Then with a tremendous effort at the
final diminuendo :
Under the haycock fast asleep.
I listened with appreciation.
"Isn’t that lovely, Auntie?”
“It is, darling,” I answered heartily,
at the same moment wondering how far I
was straying from the truth. Reassured,
Jack repeated the ptrformance, with varia-
tions. At intervals, the words and refrain
of “Gentle Jesus ” mingled with the
aberrations of the sheep and the cow in
the story of Boy Blue’s mistimed slumber.
There was no dividing line between the
secular and sacred in Jack’s mind ; he was
singing to Auntie, and, I say it reverently,
he was singing to the glory of God. The
Hosanna of the children is always ringing
through our streets, if only we have the
ears to hear. Besides, there was an inti-
mate connection in the child’s mind be-
tween the sleepy Boy Blue and his own
evening prayer. It is we, who smile in
our superior folly, who are in error. In
the child’s world the angels and the fairies
are close friends, if not intimate relations,
and God is the Big Father of us all.
Gentle Jesus, meek and mild
Look upon a little child.
Crescendo, with piercing staccato notes,
then pianissimo once again,
Under the haycock fast asleep.
A final crash on the long'-suffering in-
strument, a scraping of feet against the
footboard, a slip and a tumble, and there
was Jack breathlessly triumphant stand-
ing by the bedside.
“You do like Boy Blue, don’t you,
Auntie? I think it’s lovely played loud
and soft like that.”
A faint anxiety had crept into his baby
voice, a doubt as to whether I really
understood and appreciated his effort.
But I had no doubts this time. Bravely
I answered •
“It was really and truly lovely, Jack,”
and I fully meant it. For long thoughts
had come to me while Jack was singing
so lustily. Yes, it was lovely, love-like,
like love, because Jack’s music came from
his soul, prompted by the tender desire of
his heart to do something to please Auntie,
who could not run about and play with
him as others did. He ran away, satis-
fied and happy, but someone must have
reprimanded him for his noisy perform-
ance, and his heart grew troubled. Later
in the day he crept close to me and
whispered :
37


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
You said it was lovely, didn’t you,
Auntie? Boy Blue, I mean.”
"Yes, darling, it was lovely, and you
shall play again to me to-morrow morn-
ing-”
"And the next day and the next?”
The love-light shone in his eyes again,
and unalloyed pleasure was manifest in
every movement of his active limbs. My
voice was scarcely steady as 1 answered ;
" You shall play to me every day while
1 am here with you, Jack. Boy Blue is
lovely music, and 1 like it ever so much.”
He went away fully satisfied, and, he
left me to my many thoughts. Yes, Jack’s
morning music was lovely, because Love
inspired the performance. No prima
donna could reach the depths of my heart
like that boy’s unmusical song with its
noisy accompaniment. Jack is not a
musical genius, to say the least, but he
is one of the most loving and lovable little
chaps in this fair earth of children and
flowers ; one of those who are of the
Kingdom of Heaven.
Jack’s music taught me many things.
To the critical unloving ear it was a dis-
cordant noise, a disturbance that must
not be repeated, the love behind the crude
effort remained unnoticed. Oh, I thank
God that He never measures our lives by
the outward harmony- of our actions. We
bang away in our efforts to make the
world better and brighter ; we scrape our
toes against the instrument which yields
such discordant tones ; we sing “Gentle
Jesus” and "Boy Blue” in the same
breath ; we yell a joyful crescendo while
the angels are weeping over us ; we utter
a mournful plaint when we ought to be
singing the doxology. Our whole lives
are out of tune,, and yet sometimes God
who listens says that they are lovely.
“She hath done what she could.”
The woman has no business to be there
in that house, and there was certainly a
great waste of expensive ointment. To
the disciples the deed was out of place,
out of harmony, a sort of “Boy Blue”
and “Gentle Jesus,” in ridiculous asso-
ciation, this manner of woman in the
house of Simon and at the feet of Jesus.
But to the Saviour it was lovely, a tender
expression of love that would enwrap
Him even in the darkness of the tomb.
As men judge, what a terrible crash of
discordance was that death on the cross.
Even to those who stood weeping afar
off, it was out of harmony with that holy
Life in Nazareth and Galilee, out of har-
mony with all their great hopes of the
Messiah. But to us the music of Calvary
is the loveliest upon earth, arid the key-
note of the harmonies of Heaven.
Like Jack, we are often troubled about
the effect of our performances, the utility
of even our best actions. There is the
lurking doubt in our own heart, and there
is the unsympathetic criticism of those
around us. But the ear of the Father is
fully sensitive ; underneath the noise and
discord He detects the true unerring tones
of Love, and these running softly through
our daily round and common task will
bring our lives presently into the full and
perfect harmony of the Higher Life. With
us the sacred and the secular get sadlv
muddled ; neither our “Gentle Jesus ” nor
our “Boy Blue” is perfectly or com-
pletely rendered : it is a bit of the one,
and then a bit of the other. But if Love
inspire us and call out the best that we can
do, then God Who fcnoweth the heart will
say even of our life’s noisy music : “It is
lovely ! ” Annie E. Dobson.
Rev. G. N. Mylne.
A request from Tong Chuan.
A Chinese medical student who has just
finished his course, is appointed to this
city for next year, to commence work for
the mission.* Our problem is to find
equipment and supplies, so that he may
have as encouraging a start as we can
give him. Of course, he will not be on
new ground, as a tremendous lot of medi-
cal work has been done by Mrs. Evans,
and others, but it will be new to him.
Modesty is doubtless a very beautiful
virtue, but it frequently gets left out in
the cold, on the score that those who don’t
ask don’t get. Having seen occasional
notices that the W. M.A. sometimes deals
in hospital supplies, I thought that I
would speak for Tong Chuan. A parcel
of bandages, etc., from home would not
only be mightily useful, but would let our
young doctor see that there are friends
prepared to back him up.
The terrible understaffing of West
China has badly mangled the work here.
Where there have been upwards of sixty-
girls, I cannot now muster half a dozen.
J8
* See Jan., p. 16.—En.


Stevenson and Samoa
The boys’ school is in even a worse con-
dition. When Mrs. Evans was here we
have seen over seventy women to service
on a Sunday ; now we feel crowded if we
g-et ten. Yet this is the hub of our whole
missionary enterprise.
There is a young man hi re, a Chris-
tian, capable and earnest. Ilis mother is
a heathen and has betrothed him to a
heathen girl. She is now hustling the
arrangements, and has ordered her son to
be ready to be married this year—with the
old Chinese rites and ceremonies. To any
protest on our part, the reply is : “ Have
you got a Christian girl to give him for
a wife? ” Of course, we have not, be-
cause the girls’ school has not been
adequately maintained. This is where
the W.M.A. should come in. We intend
having another try next year, but it will
take a long time and much hard work to
restore things again.
But given a nurse for the medical work,
and a teacher for the girls’ school, there
is nothing to hinder the building up of a
great work here, since the spadework has
already been put in through past years of
toil and self-sacrificing labour. The field
is—literally—“white unto harvest.”
(See fourth page of cover.—Ed.)
Our Council Post Bag.
From Rev. F. J. Dymond :
“ We expect a lively winter. News has
come that on December 2nd, Rev. C.
Stedeford and Mr. and Mrs. Butler are
reaching Hong-Kong. Then, later, we
expect Mr. Goldsworthy, Miss Lettie
Squire and Li Shuang Mei. A day or two
ago our young Dr. Wang, his wife and
two children, arrived. His sister, Wang
Mei Chen, a graduate from the Normal
College for Women at Cheng-tu, is with
them. All of which means more workers
for our great task, and we, feel greatly
encouraged. If only poor old Yunnan
may be saved ! ”
From Mrs. C. E. Hicks:
“There have been times out in Yunnan
when our faith was put to the test. We
felt that the home church did not realise
our need ; but I do not feel like that now.
The W.M.A. is becoming a great force,
and the members are very warm-hearted.
“ Do not our hearts burn within us when
Christ walks and talks with us by the
way ? ’ ’
Stevenson and Samoa.
[It is well known how devoted the natives
became to Robert Louis Stevenson. Here is
an outburst which tenderly illustrates it.—
From “ Letters to his family and friends. ”]
Letter from a Samoan Chief:
“ I make you to know my great affec-
tion. At the hour when you left us I was
filled with tears ; my wife, Rui Teleme,
also and all my household. When you
embarked I felt a great sorrow. It is for
this I went upon the road, and you looked
from that ship, and I looked at you on
the ship with great grief until you had
raised the anchor and hoisted the sails.
When the ship started I ran along the
beach to see you still ; and when you were
on the open sea I cried out to you ‘ Fare-
well Louis,’ and when I was coming
back to' my house I seemed to hear your
voice crying, ‘Rui, farewell.’ Afterwards
I watched the ship as long as I could until
the night fell, and when it was dark I
said to myself, ‘ If 1 had wings I should
fly to the ship to meet you, and to sleep
amongst you, so that I might he able to
come back to shore and to tell Rui Teleme,
‘ I have slept upon the ship of Territera.’
After that we passed, the night in the
impatience of grief. I did not sleep
that night, thinking continually of you.
my dear friend, until the. morning. . . .
Afterwards I looker! into vour rooms :
they did not please me as they used to
do. I did not hear your voice saying,
“ Hail, Rui ” ; I then knew that you had
left me. I went to the beach to see your
ship, and I could not see it. I wept then
until the night, telling myself continually,
* Teriitera returns to his own country and
leaves his dear Rui in grief so that I
suffer for him, and weep for him.’ I will
not forget you in my memory. Here is
the thought : I desire to meet you again.
â– My dear Teriitera makes the only riches
I desire in the world. It is your eyes that
T desire to see again. ft must be that
your body and my body shall eat together
at one table : that is what would make
: my heart content. But we are separated.
May God be with you all. May His word
and His mercy go with you, so that you
may be well and we also, according to
the words of Paul.*
Ori A Ori, that is to say, Rui.
♦ (?) 6, 3. ’ ’
39


FOREIGN MISSION FUND.
Financial receipts from Circuits to December 20th, 1921.
BIRMINGHAM AND DUDLEY DISTRICT,
£ s. d.
Edghaston ... 4 13 9
Villa Road ... 5 10 0
Blackheath ... 27 7 9
Dudley ... ... 55 0 0
Cradley Heath ... ... 20 19 7
St. George’s and Dawley ... 2 18 0
122 9 7
BRISTOL AND SOUTH WALES DISTRICT.
North ... 0 2 0
South ... 39 7 5
Bishopston ... 22 1 0
Brookland ... 12 18 3
Aberavon, Port Talbot ... 2 0 0
Barry ... 12 8 10
Cardiff, Diamond Street ... 25 0 0
Neath ... 12 0 0
Newport, Hill Street ... ... 10 0 0
Radstock ... 12 0 0
147 18 G
CORNWALL WEST DISTRICT.
Penzance, Alexandra Road ... 4 10 9
EXETER AND SHEBBEAR DISTRICT.
Barnstaple 60 0 0
Holsworthy ... 55 0 0
Kingsbrompton 16 0 0
Shebbear 25 O 0
Tiverton and Bampton 20 O 0
Torquay and Newton Abbot... 43 0 1
219 0 1
HALIFAX AND BRADFORD DISTRICT.
Bradford, South East ... 22 8 0
Brighouse, Bethel ... 24 15 9
Greetland ... 5 8 0
52 11 9
HANLEY DISTRICT.
Burslcm, Bethel ... 20 0 0
Burton-on-Trent ... 54 0 0
Newcastle, Tower Street ... 5 0 0
79 0 0
LEEDS DISTRICT.
Leeds South ... 31 0 0
Bridlington ... 7 0 0
Cleckheaton ... 29 0 0
Cowling ... 3 11 0
Crosshills ... 15 9 8
Farsley, Pudsey and Yeadon 12 14 10
Hull. Bethel ... ... ... 10 8 9
109 4 3
LINCOLN AND NORWICH DISTRICT. Nil
LIVERPOOL AND NORTH WALES DISTRICT.
Connah’s Quay and Prestatyn 27 4 7
Crewe 10 10 0
Millom ... 6 11 8
Southport, Duke Street 168 0 5
212 6 8
LONDON DISTRICT. £ s. d
London, Hackney 77 12 7
,, Woodford 0 17 6
,, Poplar and Bow 1 5 0
,, Forest Gate 117 12 6
., Brixton 50 8 1
,, Willesden 1 12 6
249 8 2
MANCHESTER DISTRICT.
Manchester Third, Openshaw 9 16 1
Ashton-under-Lyne 4 6 5
Blackpool, Adelaide Street ... 28 0 0
Mossley 28 16 9
Salford ... 40 0 0
Wigan 30 0 0
140 19 3-
NEWCASTLE DISTRICT.
Newcastle, Sandyford 24 0 0
Stanley ... 8 10 0
32 10 0
NOTTINGHAM DISTRICT.
Nottingham, Parliament St. 30 17 2
Derby, Dairy House Road ... 30 5 1
Long Eaton and Stapleford ... 5 0 0
Mansfield 20 0 0
86 2 3
PLYMOUTH AND EAST CORNWALL
DISTRICT.
Bodmin ... 16 0 0
PORTSMOUTH DISTRICT.
Guernsey, Salem 15 13 4
Jersey 41 O 4
Newport, Ryde and Cowes ... 35 O 0
Salisbury 18 3 4
Shanklin 8 0 9-
Southampton and Eastleigh.. 0 13 10
118 11 7
ROCHDUE DISTRICT.
Bury 36 O a
Oldham, King Street 16 12 3
49 12 3
SHEFFIELD DISTRICT.
Sheffield, Scotland Street 182 16 6
,, South Street 132 7 4
,, Hanover 32 0 9
Chesterfield 14 0 0
361 3 10
SUNDERLAND DISTRICT.
Sunderland, Park Street 20 18 7
,, Roker Avenue ... 25 6 4-
,, Thompson Me-
morial Hall ... 20 0 0
Hartlepool 10 16 4
77 1 3
,£2058 10 2
This statement includes the returns shown
November last, but no special income.


AGED & AFFLICTED MINISTERS
and the WIDOWS OF MINISTERS
On 31st August, 1923, the following amounts had been received towards tl.e
£80,000 Fund :
Average
Our People, 140,000 members £62,277 ••• £0 8 10
Our Ministers and Widows, 876 altogether £4,380 £5 0 0
Our Ministers and Widows-an average of Two Pounds each
Many of them are quite unable to give anything; they are, indeed, dependent
on others. Yet we are asking for an average additional gift of £2.
Some have already promised additional sums of £25, £10 and £5. An average
of £2 from 876 persons will make a total of £6,000 from ministers and widows-
We have already received additional sums of £237 10s., £50, £10, £5.
Our People-an average of Two Shillings each
We remember these are hard times, and many cannot give at all. Some of
those who have already given have promised to increase their gifts by 10,
20, 25, and even 100 per cent.
We are asking for an average final gift of 2;- from all our people.
We shall certainly complete the £80,000 if all our people have the
opportunity of giving what they c-an.
The Steward of one Circuit—where trade conditions and unemployment
are most distressing—has himself made sure of his Circuit by forwarding
2,=- per member, total £80, and before the envelopes reached the Circuit.
Envelope,s for Distribution and Collection—sufficient for all our people—
have been forwarded to Circuit Ministers.
Kindly consider the appeal, and then place your gift in the envelope
and return it to the Collector. All gifts will be permanently invested
in the interests of the present annuitants and of Ministers and
Missionaries now in active service—when they become annuitants,
Mr. R W. CARR, Treasurer.
Revs. J. M. HIGMAM, E. CATO, W. H. BROOKES, Secretaries..
Rev. GEORGE PARKER, 41 The Valiev, Scarborough,
Fnmamcial Secretary.




In
Tana-land.
Rev.
B. J. RATCLIFFE.

yOU will have heard that it fell to my
lot to make the trip to the Tana to
take the inventory of the ex-Ger-
man mission properties there. To me it
has been a wonderful journey, a great
privilege and a joy unspeakable, for I
witnessed a devotion to faith that is
beyond description, and revisited places
and people that I had never thought to
see again.
The first stage of my journey was by
coast steamer to Lamu. That sea trip
was a terror. In a boat that was not built
for the huge swell of the Indian Ocean, I
was in the grip of mal de mer all the
time. I was met at Lamu by the govern-
ment doctor (who had been told of my com-
ing), and invited to be his guest during
my stay in the town. Singularly enough,
I was the guest in the very house where,
twenty years ago, I was medically
examined, after many fevers at Golbanti,
and ordered either to England or a more
salubrious spot than Golbanti. Armed
with letters of introduction from the
Senior Coast Commissioner, I presented
myself the next morning at the office of
the resident District Commissioner, whose
courtesy and kindness, not only in the
assistance he rendered as an official, but
as man to man, was great in the extreme.
Two days sufficed in the undertaking
for which I had come, and then, by the
favour of Mr. H. Talbot Smith, the
government steam launch was ordered to
take me up the beautiful Lamu Creek to
Mkanumbi. A matter of three and a half
hours brought us to the end of that stage
of the journey. After a comfortable night,
March, 1922.
I was up with the sun, and having settled
my loads on the backs of a couple of
donkeys, I turned my face to the twenty-
four miles walk to Kipini. For five hours
we swung along, leaving the “mokes”
far behind ; then a swig at the water-
bottle, and on again until, two hours later,
we arrived at Kipini, where I was met
and received by Mr. H. C. Cumberbatch,
the District Commissioner for the whole
of Tana-land.
Rev. B. J. Ratcliffe. F.R.G.S.
Stationed at Meru from this month.


In Tana-land
The D.C. having been notified of my
coming and received instructions to render
all possible assistance, had got arrange-
ments for the journey well in hand, and
the following morning despatched twelve
canoes with all the loads that we should
not require for the first three days of our
travelling. Having finished the inven-
tory at Kipini, we set off on the morning
of the second day on the real Tana River
journey, in the steam launch. In a very
short time we were away from every sign
of civilization, save for the boat in which
we were plugging along against the set of
a swift current. The river is very wide
and lined with gorgeous vegetation right
down to its edge, save where juts out a
sand-spit here and there, a convenient
snoozing-place for crocodiles, with which
the river simply teems. At mid-day we
called a halt for lunch at Kau, at one time
a Portuguese stronghold. Our first night
â– on the river we were afforded the hospi-
tality of the manager of a ten thousand
acre estate, one of the many now being
opened up and worked by those who have
glimpsed something of the immeasurable
possibilities of this amazingly fertile
country. The hospitality was rounded off
by those wonderful touches that a lady
always ministers, and we enjoyed to the
full the comforts that the manager’s wife
quickly arranged for our brief stay.
Before the stars had finished shining
we were up, breakfasted and away again.
Such, indeed, was the case each succes-
sive day. Then began those visits which
I shall never forget to those villages
which line the banks of the lower reaches
•of the Tana river, and. where are many
shrines that are of sacred association, and
in which the Gospel of God’s free grace
is daily being taught. From Kipini to
Hola, the last station up the river occu-
pied by the German Neukirchen Mission,
I called at twenty-two of these places,
and I confess to an admiration awakened
that is beyond my tongue or pen to
describe. In addition to taking the in-
ventory of material property, I had long
conversations with the people and
teachers in charge. Their simple but
steadfast faith, their devotion to the faith
“delivered unto them” is an abiding
memorial to faithful and arduous toil, on
the one hand, and a wonderful testimony
to the reality of their own personal accept-
ance of Christ. Without exception, the
little chapels, in some cases built of mud
and wattle, in others of burnt brick and
plaster, were the very picture of cleanli-
ness and order. Whilst being used as day
school, as well as the place of the “ Divine
unfolding,” it was to these people of
simple faith “ holy ground. ” At one place,
called Oda, I learned that there was not
one inhabitant an unbaptised Christian.
Can you wonder at the prophetic strain
awakened as I bethought me of St. John’s
vision of the “ Holy City.” And what that
one place represented is the goal to which
these Wapokomo are striving for every
town in their beloved territory. They have
caught the true apostolic fire, their hearts
are aglow with it wherever you go, and
I am not surprised that there is something
of the nature of a mass movement to-
wards Christianity all along the Tana
valley.
As I passed from village to village, I
learned not only of the numbers of bap-
tised Christians, but that there are many
who are in the period of probation for
baptism, indeed, there is not one place
but has its list of catechumens, and a rich
harvest is waiting for the reaping. At
Wenje I was asked to call on my way
down stream, for there was a group
ready. Accordingly on my return I called,
and the service which followed was such
as to move me beyond expression. The
candidates were assembled in readiness,
a hymn appropriate to the occasion was
sung. Prayer followed by Gudina, the
man who by real Christian character has
won an abiding place in the affections of
the Wapokomo all up the river, both
Christian and non-professing Christian
alike. Then these candidates made their
public confession of the “hope that was
in them ” in such a manner as to leave
no doubt in my mind of the genuineness
of their faith. Never in my life have my
emotions been so stirred as I gave those
men and women their “new name,” and
offered the right hand of fellowship in the
name of our beloved denomination and
commended them in confidence to the
guidance of the “All-Father.” That was
a scene which I wish our people at home
could have witnessed. As I left Wenje
that day my mind went off to those who
at home have made and are making their
sacrifices for this ingathering of souls
42


In Tana-land
into the Kingdom, and I wanted to tell
them every one that their gifts are not
in vain. In addition to those who were
thus baptised in the public service, there
was one poor young fellow stricken with
fever and unable to attend. I was asked
to visit him. He, too, was a candidate
.and ready for reception. As I passed into
the inner room of that native mud-built
house, I saw and read in his fever-
flushed face the question, “Can you bap-
tise me here? ” Yes, under that humble
thatch roof was a child of God, and I had
the joy of telling him that his house was no
less the “place of God.”
In all we made twelve camps in going
up the river to Masabubu, two days
beyond the farthest ex-German mission
-stations, and four days farther than any
other of our men have been since the
nineties, when the late R. M. Ormerod
made his great trip up the river to get at
•(if possible) the Gallas that were supposed
to be there. I understand that he pre-
pared from that trip notes for a book he
intended publishing", but which have not
been found since the decease of the late
'Charles Consterdine. But my trip took
me about three hundred miles up the
river, and I was assured by the District
Commissioner that all along the uppei'
and higher reaches there is a wide field
yet awaiting us. From enquiries made of
•others I am quite satisfied that linking up
with our Meru field from these upper
reaches is quite a possibility. And once
more the dream of our pioneer Wakefield
of getting into Boran Galla Land comes
within the range of possibility. Some day
that dream will be an accomplished fact.
To me it has become a challenge to our
mission. Who will dare it? Men ! Men 1 !
Men ! ! ! God give us men !
In the course of the journey I re-visited
three of our own old U.M.F.C. stations,
Golbanti, Kibusu and Kinyadu. The
visits to the first both on the way up
and the return were full of joy and pathos.
There were many of my old friends wait-
ing our coming, whom I had never ex-
pected to see again, and their joy was
most affecting. I also stood once more
and paid my silent tribute beside the
graves of “the martyrs of Golbanti,”
those mounds still bearing their silent
witness to the fidelity which cost those
■precious lives in ’86 ! To these there is
now added another mound where lies
that most devoted missionary, Charles
Consterdine, whom years ago I left toiling
on among the Gallas, in 1900. There they
lie, a remembrance precious to us who
knew them, and a perpetual challenge to
those of us who remain to carry forward
that which they so nobly endeavoured.
The native teachers in particular, and
the Christians in general, are amongst
the most earnest I have met and most
enthusiastic in their desire to secure the
whole of Pokomoni for the Christian
Kingdom. The strength of their faith is
both refreshing and inspiring. For years
they have been left without human shep-
herding, their devotion to Jesus and the
Christian evangel has been put to the
severest test, but through it all they have
proven the genuineness of their accept-
ance of the faith of our common Lord.
From Kipini, on the coast, to Hola, the
most distant outpost, well over two hun-
dred miles up the river, there is not a
village left to unrelieved heathenism and
darkness by these Christians of sterling
worth. This year they have been scourged
by small-pox, suffered by reason of heavy
drought, whole villages have been re-
Rev, A. J. Hopkins
Sailed January 26th. Proceeding to Tana-land
immediately on his arrival in East Africa.
43


The Observatory
moved by reason of the depredations of
lions ; but in trials of pestilence, famine
or prowling- beast, their trust in God and
His good Providence wavers not.
Arduous will be the task but great the
harvest that awaits whoever may be ap-
-?*
The Observatory.
Our Tong Shan
Middle School.
IT is astonishing how magnificently the
Rev. John Hinds has succeeded with
the subscription for the above. He
has sent us a printed list of subscribers,
showing that $22,570 have been raised.
(£4,714.) It commences with the grant
from our Extension Fund, which works
out in China at £2,320 ; and the second
largest subscribers are the Rev. John and
Mrs. Hinds with £200. This reveals how
closely the scheme is on their hearts.
Their maturing years could not be filled
with a project more likely to bless China
during the remainder of the century, and
even beyond it. Our missionaries’ and doc-
tors’ names are in the list also. Mr.
Hinds says :
“The list is a varied one, and has meant
a lot of work. We hope if possible to get
it up to ;£5,000, but I am afraid I have seen
most of the big givers, and small donations
mount slowly.
“Sir John Jordan, our ex-Ambassador, and
Dr. Tenny, of the United States Legation,
have promised to be patrons of the new
College, and His Excellency, Dr. C. C.
Wang, of the Board of Communications will
be one of the Directors.
“The change of site has caused some delay
in commencing work, and has also, meant a
modification of our plan, but we hope to
commence building early in the Spring.”
The grief of service.
It is good sometimes to get near a
friend and know his heart-burnings. I cull
from two private letters, for the sake of
those who have not such troubles, that
they may sympathise with those who
represent us at the front. For the com-
mon good the writers will forgive us.
“The truth is that for a long time I have
had little inspiration to write about the
work ; indeed, to keep myself going, I have
need to remind myself and others of what
the Corinthian Church was like even in
apostolic times—to judge from the Corinthian
pointed to the Tana work. Yes, and
great the responsibility that rests upon
those of us who are called upon to sup-
port these messengers of God’s will and
call, whether at home or abroad. May
He grant us the Courage to do and dare.
The EDITOR.
epistles. We are passing through a phase—
I hope it is only a phase!—which is corro-
ding to the spirit in the extreme; in time of
bitter persecution the troubles, almost in-
tolerable though they may be, are yet from
the outside and such as even the natural
man expects; but the present troubles are
from the inside of the Church and, when
taken in the aggregate,, tempt unto hope-
lessness ... Yet one comes across indi-
vidual cases of quiet constancy and faith
which are very helpful indeed.” Again,
“ I am now at---on relief work in con-
nection with a new famine, caused by flood
this time. But as the money is all gone 1
am returning home. About five months ago
there was a muttering in my heart to the
effect that I would not help ‘ the ungrateful
people ’ again. To-day I am wishing I had
means to do so ... It would break any-
body’s heart to see what these people have
to eat. If they could exchange rations with
my little dog they would rejoice indeed, even
though they did forget to say ‘ thank you,’
and ask in unpleasant tones if ‘ that was
all.’
“ In the middle of writing the last few
words I was called away to prayer-meeting.
A lot of little lads were there. How they
sang ‘ J.esus loves me,’ and chatted and joked
with me. Their hard life does not seem to
sadden them. I came away in poor form
for supper.”
Fragrant actions.
In response to the appeal for Meru
made by the Rev. R. T. Worthington in
this magazine (p. 125, 1921) a bell has
been given by Mr. Edward Snowball, of
Hexham, and a communion service by Mr.
James Maclaurin, of Sheffield. The former
weighs about 40 lbs., and will loudly call
to- worship : the latter will be gracefully
appreciated by the little church at Meru.
(See next page.) We tender our sincere
and hearty thanks to these generous
friends.
Departures.
Mrs. Ratcliffe and her three boys ; the
Rev. A. J. Hopkins, Mrs. Hopkins, and
their little boy (Jack) left London on the
44


The Observatory
26th inst., and joined the “Dunvegan
Castle ” at Tilbury en route for East
Africa. Mrs. Ratcliffe is joining- her hus-
band ere he proceeds to a period of service
at Meru, and Mr. and Mrs. Hopkins are
to take charge of the German Mission at
Ngao, and from that point to superintend
the Tanaland churches as described by
Mr. Ratcliffe in this issue. They took with
them the bell and communion service.
Mr. and Mrs. Worthingdon are due home
on furlough.
After fifteen years.
The last Conference of the United
Methodist Free Church was held in New-
castle-on-Tyne, July, 1907. At that Con-
ference there was union before Union, for
already our need in Africa had enabled us
to claim from our Bible Christian com-
rades the Rev. W. Udy Bassett and Mr.
W. J. Bridgman. Mr. Bridgman is now
a rector in Canada, and a constant reader
â– of the Echo. Several times he has spoken
affectionately of the late W. Udy Bassett,
and he mentioned him again because of
Mr. Ratcliffe’s recent article on “Ribe.”*
He then proceeds, “ I wonder if you can
tell me who the lady was who at the Con-
ference in Newcastle in 1907, sang “Tell
it out among the heathen that the Lord is
* November last.
king. ’ ’ Many many times have I thought
of that hymn and the wonderful voice that
brought it so close to us that evening only
just a short time before Bassett and I left
for Africa.”
We are glad to send the information.
The singer was Miss Cluly Alderson. If
the lady should see this we shall be glad.
Famine in West China.
As we go to press we have sad tidings
from Yunnan of a serious outbreak of
famine. It is too late to give details here,
so we refer our readers to the “United
Methodist.” The position is so grave
that the Committee has asked the
Treasurer to cable £100 for immediate
use. Ere this appears the situation will
be known to our readers, for, of course,
every United Methodist reads the “ United
Methodist ” !
Dr. E. T. A. Stedeford.
We hear from his esteemed father, the
Rev. J. B. Stedeford, that this gentleman
arrived at Wenchow on Christmas Day.
He left England after his furlough, on
October 15th.
The Deputation.
We regret the Notes we expected from
the Secretary have not arrived in time for
this issue.
Our Cnurch in Meru. Baptised members only.
Six newly admitted : three on either side of Mr. Worthington;
one girl and five young men.
45


A Farewell Message
An 111 Wind from the East.
[At Hong-Kong, in the British "sphere of interest,” child slaves are being sold from their
parents—girl slaves, often, to houses of ill-fame—at rates falling as low as one dollar. Famine is-
driving many parents to sell their children for bread. And over our Consulate and commercial
offices the British flag floats hard by !].
An ill wind blows from the East,
Murmuring England’s name :
Surely this taint at least
Cannot be hers, this shame !
Hers, once boasted free
To her last cape and crag :
—Slaves, O England, see
Under thy flag !
Speeding on great affairs,
Prospering, where these die—
Die, while no man cares ;
Sink, while thou passest by—
See young Innocency
Sold, soiled for a crust, a rag ;
Maids sold to infamy
Under thy flag !
Child slaves bartered for gold—
Nay, for silver instead !
Girl slaves bought and sold—
Aye, for a morsel of bread !
Faults thou hadst verily,
But none could bind thee or gag,
England ! can slavery be
Under thy flag ?
<=§»
Farewell Message to Miss L. O. Squire, B.A.,
and Miss Li Shuang Mei. (See pp. 59, 60.)*
The Foreign Missions Committee de-
sires to convey to you their cordial appre-
ciation of your work on behalf of our
Extension Fund, undertaken so readily
and carried out with complete self-dedica-
tion.
Besides the financial results of your
meetings you have. given fresh stimulus
and inspiration to the great missionary
enterprise and contributed to the further
education of our people in reg’ard
thereto.
We specially recognize the potent in-
fluence for good which has been exerted

Missionary Deputations.
We offer a copy of the Life of Samuel
Pollard, by the Rev. W. A. Grist; or the
Life of John Mackintosh, by the Rev.
G. W. Crutchlev, for the best paper in
500 words on “ How best to utilise the
Missionary Deputation.” If it be a storv
of what the writer has done, and thus
proved its value, it will be better than a
bushel of theory.
Papers, written on one side only, to be
received by the Editor on or before April
15th. Award in June.
* The two ladies sailed by the “ Hakone Maru ” on Feb. 17.
Up ! with this fiend, at least,
Never shalt thou keep tryst !
Let the West land free the East—
Up ! in the name of Christ !
Seek thou the lost lambs He
Seeketh ; nor halt, nor lag
Till the last of the flock be free
Under HIS flag !
S. GERTRUDE FORD-
by Miss Li Shuang Mei, in whom our
chutches have seen convincing testimony
of the range and power of the Gospel of
our Wonderful Saviour.
We are well aware that the work has
involved assiduous preparation, steady
persistence and frequent fatigue. For
these, and above all for the spirit in which
the work has been done, we thank God
through our sisters, and rejoice in that
motive which has not only enabled you to
do all this, but sends you forth as heralds
of that Cross which is the far-away sym-
bol of your own sacrifice.
ISAIAH 60.
A Wonderful Missionary Manifesto.
There are in it 12 great missionary
texts, yet there are only 22 verses.
MARCH.
3.
Lift up thine eyes round about
and see, all of them have gathered,
have come to thee : thy sons from
afar are coming, and thy daughters
are carried in the arms.
(G. A. Smith.')
46


Wild Doings in
Tong Chuan.
FTER a few years among the Nosu
tribes, work in a Chinese city did
not seem to be very exciting. But
within a month of our arrival we have had
sufficient excitement to last for a year or
so. Here in China, we'have not only set
up a Republic, but are bent on showing
the world that we can play “Beggar my
neig'hbour ’ just as well as Europeans.
All the usual ingredients are to hand.
A political stage where ambition and
avarice play havoc with public rights and
public safety, together with hordes of un-
educated, half-disciplined soldiers, armed
with modern weapons. These are en-
listed, of course, to keep us in safety, and
therefore very heavy taxes are required.
“ We never had to pay such taxes before
we had this Republic,” is the groan of
merchant and farmer. “Well, we see very
little of your money,” is the complaint of
soldier and policeman. So after a few
years of alleged Republican Government,
a suspicion is abroad, that New Republic,
is only old Manchu, writ large, very large.
While the soldiers are finding that the
easiest way to get arrears of wages, is to
pay yourself, at the public expense.
Tong Chuan had a sample of the new
method in the evening a little while ago.
About 9 p.m. the city gates were rushed
by companies of soldiers. A furious dis-
charge of rifles began a night of terror.
Rifle shots, the weird whistling of bullets,
the smashing in of doors and windows
mingled with yells and screams went on
until dawn of the day, when the mutineers
fled in all directions with their valuable
booty, mostly in silver. This was ten days
ago, and the city gates are still closed and
guarded. The officials are supposed to be
after the wage-lifters, and executions take
place nearly every day, but whether of the
real offenders, or of scapegoats offered to
appease the public indignation, is not
clear. As it happens, only the southern
contingent were involved in the mutiny
of the 4th, the northern contingent is still
in the city, is in fact protecting the city.
But the general query is .- Will this con-
tingent be content to let their comrades
get all the plunder, while they get
nothing, perhaps not even their wages?
Rev.
C. N. MYLNE.
Therefore, these are nights of trembling
for property-owners. There is nothing-
anti-foreign, or anti-Christian in these
disturbances. There may be danger from
fire if a part of the city got well alight,
or if an orgy of indiscriminate wrecking-
set in, a not impossible event with an
Oriental crowd, but the likelihood is
remote.
The chief results from our point of view
have been seen in a crowded dispensary.
Many of the cases have been much too
serjous for our limited experience, but we
can always send bad cases to the nearest
doctor, as he is only five days’ journey
away ! ! !
The most significant thing we have
heard was said by a man (a non-Christian)
in the dispensary. His hand was nearly
blown to pieces by a rifle fired point-blank.
He said : “If the leaders of this Christian
sect were in charge of the city these
things would never happen.” “That’s
certain,” was the reply from the by-
standers.
After making allowances for the man’s
feelings, under the circumstances, the fact
remains that Christianity has made a
certain impression of truth and fair-deal-
ing on the mind of this (as yet) unbeliever.
We shall not mind losing a few night’s
sleep, if through these disturbances the
Chinese learn that Jesus Christ is the
leader for whom their race has waited so
long.
A Battleship and Missions.
The price of a battleship to-day is quite
beyond the comprehension of the ordinary
citizen. Dr. Arthur J. Brown, a well-
known missionary secretary in the United
States, has a statistical mind, and he has
recently “figured out” what a battleship
would buy in Missions.
The result is that he asserts that the
entire missionary programme of America,
reaching sixteen countries, 4,000 cities,
and employing 24,000 workers, and
109,000 native helpers, is being carried on
at an expense less than the price of one
battleship.—“ Public Opinion. ”
47


The Peking
Medical College.*
(Though we are not as a Mission closely
associated with this great Medical College,
we are sure our readers will enjoy the peru-
sal of this brief story of its dedication.—Ed.)
PEKING is beautiful in the early
autumn. The hutung dust is then
less stifling than usual, the open
shops present fascinating pictures on all
the streets, the itinerant vendors and beg-
gars send forth their calls harmoniously,
funeral and wedding processions display
their most gorgeous designs. Through
the clear air the western hills stand out
green and purple in the distance ; and in
the foreground rise Coal Hill with its
artistic little pagodas, the magnificent
gates of the Tartar Wall, the Imperial
City with its yellow roofs and, not less
conspicuous, the great g'reen roofs of the
Yu Wang Fu, the new medical college
and hospital.
To see and to dedicate the Peking
Medical College, scientists and delegates
came at this alluring- period of the
autumn, from Japan, from England, Scot-
; This account is written by Mr. Edwin R. Embree, the
Secretary of the Foundation and of the Peking Trustees.
A City Gate, Peking.
land and Ireland, from Java and Korea
and the Philippines, from Canada and
from France, from the United States, and
from every important province of China.
The academic procession of these
eminent visitors was striking in its con-
trasts. Scientists from the East and from
the West marched together in Occidental
academic costume, passing in slow proces-
sion beneath the great overhanging roofs
of green tile, past modern laboratories
and age-old water carts, through rows of
students of Western medicine and past
groups of wondering coolies and ever-
present beggars. The street cries of the
singing craftsmen merged with the mar-
tial rhythm of the new great organ as the
column swept slowly into the beautiful
temple building which within proved to
be a modern auditorium.
The Institution.
The institution which was being dedi-
cated is a medical college and hospital
erected by the Rockefeller Foundation in
architecture characteristic of the best in
Chinese classic and sacred buildings, and
maintained in accordance with high
modern scientific standards.
Sixteen buildings, with sweeping green
tile roofs and great overhanging eaves,
house the laboratories, hospital wards and
auxiliary structures of the institution
proper. These are situated on the Yu
Wang Fu, the ancient palace grounds of
Prince Yu.
Its Policy.
It was recognized when plans for China
were first considered, that neither this in-
stitution nor any number of schools which
one agency might maintain would be able
to train the great body of medical prac-
titioners needed by the Chinese. The pur-
pose therefore in establishing the college
was to set standards, to train leaders, to
demonstrate what an adequate medical
college in China might represent. Thus
by a single institution it was hoped to in-
fluence an entire nation.
The expense of constructing the build-
ings has been great. The war, loss in
exchange, and the difficulty of erecting
Western laboratories and wards and in in-
stalling power-driven machinery in the
48


The Stamp Bureau
Orient have all contributed to multiply a
total cost which under the best of condi-
tions probably would have amounted to
four millions gold. «
The sums made available, so much
above those of other colleges and hospitals
in the Chinese Republic, and the pro-
grammes adopted make this institution
unique in all China.
This places upon the faculty a respon-
sibility for leadership in teaching-, in
hospital management and in the advance-
ment of medical science and the public
health to which they are alive. Few
medical schools, few faculties have ever
had before them the opportunities or the
challenges to high endeavour which now
confront the Peking Union Medical Col-
lege.
China, as one is constantly reminded,
is a great and slow-moving mass. The
very magnitude of the work forbids the
expectation of hasty results. Rome was
not built in a day. As Mr. Rockefeller
pointed out in his dedication address, not
in terms of a day nor a year nor a decade
is the work of this institution to be
judged. But in the revolving years and
generations who can tell to what tree of
influence this mustard seed may grow in
the life of the great old country of China?
=5°
A Pleasurable Surprise.
Under date of Feb. 15 the acting
Secretary received the following delight-
ful letter from a branch of the Yorkshire
Penny Bank.
“ Enclosed we beg to hand you a
cheque for £-36 15s. for the Home and
Foreign Missionary Society of the United
Methodist Church from one of our clients,
who prefers to remain anonymous. He
desires that the amount shall be recorded
by you as received, “ In memory of good
parents, per Rev. Luke Hicks, Selsey,
Sussex.”
We shall be glad to receive acknow-
ledgment for the receipt of this cheque.”
And they did !
Doubtless the gracious donor will read
these words. In the name of our needy
stations and, above all, in the name of
our Master and Lord, we express our
Church’s gratitude for so timely a gift.
The Prayer Union.
“The service rendered by this fund
does more than supply the wants of the
saints, it overflows with many a cry of
thanks to God. This service shows what
you are.”—2 Cor. 9 : 12 (Moffatt).
“The Lord’s song is not the first of all the
songs of the man who is happy : it is the
song of the man or woman who does right.”
Percy C. Ainsworth.
Lord, Thy children lowly bending.
Yes! we trust the day is breaking.
Great God, whose universal sway.
March 5. Chao Tong School. Rev.
C. E. Hicks, on furlough. Pp. 42, 43.
Heb. 1.
March 12. Mazeras, East Africa. Rev.
J. B. Griffiths. P. 54. Psalm 45.
March 19. Ningpo College. Mr. H. S.
Redfern, M.Sc. P. 30. Zech. 9 : 9-16.
March 26. W.M.A. Miss Ashworth’s
Report. Pp. 64, 65. 1 Cor. 12 : 1-13.
NOTABLE DATES.
1. Hudson Taylor 1854. arrived in China,
7. British and Foreign Bible Society
founded 1S04.
12. Dr. A. K. Baxter died, 1918.
19. David Livingstone born, 1813.
20. William Carey appointed a mission-
ary, 1793.
This feature commenced to appear in
April last, and will now cease.—Ed.
The Stamp Bureau.
Our thanks are due to the following
friends who have responded to the appeal
for Stamps which appeared last month :
Rev. J. D. Crosland, Durham ; Master
Geo. Howe, Gateshead ; Mrs. Monteith,
Herne Hill ; Mrs. Barber, Barkston ; Mr.
Hempstock, Oldham ; An Institute Mem-
ber, Walkerville. Will others please fol-
low their example? We ask for stamps
of any description : British and Colonial,
as well as foreign ; in fact, the former arc
of greater value. All the money received
will go into the Mission Funds. Send
your stamps to the Secretary, Rev. F.
Cooper, 62 Park Hill, Carshalton, Surrey.
49


Extracts from a
Valedictory Address.*
By Dr. H.
LLOYD SNAPE, O.B.E.
HE foreign missionaries have always
been my heroes and heroines : but
I rejoice that, if they share the
tribulations, and sometimes the persecu-
tions, of the apostles, they share also their
precious spiritual experiences. In their
loneliness and amidst their many difficul-
ties they learn to lean hard on God, in
Whom alone they trust and from Whom
alone they find support and strength pro-
portionate to their needs. I have been
impressed by the implicit and unwavering
trust exhibited by missionaries, their
habit of placing before God all their
affairs, small as well as great, with the
glorious assurance that He would sustain
them and open out their way. Wonderful
are the records of answers to definite
prayers by missionaries—wonderful we
say, but only because we have not prayed
with similar child-like faith. Yes, the true
missionary finds the highest and deepest
joy. Sam Pollard wrote: “What a
blessed work it is, what a joy ! How glad
I am not to be going home yet, to leave
these poor folk ” (this at a time when his
wife and children, whom he so dearly
loved, had had to return without him to
England). To quote again from that
devoted missionary : “We are just here a
handful standing in the breach for Jesu’s
sake. The work becomes more precious
every day. We are gladder every day.”
It is with the same Christ-like sense of
joy to do the Father’s will that our
honoured brother and sisters have been
led to volunteer to return to China after
a materially shortened furlough. The
severance from sweet companionship and
the loss of many home comforts are
almost forgotten, and are certainly not
considered worthy to be compared with
the joy of responding to the call of duty.
They are animated by the same spirit
which led Pollard to write : “We ” (F. J.
Dymond and himself) “ have lost a good
bit of our wish for many of our English
ideas and comforts. One thing, the people
must be saved, and we are here to do it.”
^Delivered on September 28th, 1921, at Packington Street.
Islington, at a meeting to bid Farewell to the Rev. W. and
Mrs. Eddon and Miss A. J. Turner. (Unavoidably delayed.)
Yet there must be times when it is
difficult not to be discouraged. It is" not
that God fails, but we fail, His workers.
The greatest tragedy of the mission field
is the disheartenment of the missionaries.
They tell us about the successes, and
truly these have been great, and they
speak in hopeful strain for our encourage-
ment : but the Foreign Mission Com-
mittee, and those who are in intimate com-
munication with them know that some-
times they lose hope. “Hope deferred ”
again and again of sorely needed funds
and reinforcements in personnel “makes
the heart sick ” and almost bitter.
Dare we blame the missionaries ? Let
us try to put ourselves in their place.
They know that in the home land there is
a church within easy reach of every one,
and that converts in a Christian country
have the inestimable advantage of contact
with those who have been brought up
from infancy in godly homes. On the other
hand, the missionaries are painfully con-
scious that the converts in heathen lands
must sever themselves from old traditions
and family ties, and often be exposed to
contumely, if not persecution, that mil-
lions have never heard of Christ, that
thousands are actually seeking an oppor-
tunity to learn to know about Him, that
the Chinese are abandoning temples and
idols, but that “their last state will be
worse than their first” if they give up
Confucianism and Buddhism for material-
ism and agnosticism, as will be the case
unless the Gospel of Christ is presented
whilst their minds are in a state
of flux.
When such facts and such meditations
are frequently forced on the minds and
hearts of the missionaries, is it strange
that the joy of which I have spoken is
sometimes overcast,. and that they are
tempted to ask, “Is it worth while
struggling on, whilst so many in the
home churches fail to realise the vital im-
portance of sending out additional funds
and staff? ”
At the Conference of 1920 the Foreign
Mission Committee submitted a carefully


Extracts from a Valedictory Address
prepared estimate that “ if we are to meet
adequately the urgent demands of our
growing work abroad,” our staff should
be more than doubled and our annual
income be increased by 50 per cent. Yet
by the end of the following connexional
year only very few vacancies had been
filled, the income had been raised by only
about £2,000, and we closed the financial
year with a slightly increased deficit even
after taking from reserve a sum of over
£3,000, the reserve being thus reduced to
about £1,000. There are some who think
that the maintenance of the home
churches would be imperilled if they were
induced to increase still further their con-
tributions for the work abroad : but there
is no antagonism between home and
foreign work. Both are directed to win-
ning the world for Christ, and each has a
glorious reflex action on the other.
“ There is that scattereth and yet in-
creaseth.” Foreign missions do not need
our money as much as we need to give it
for the sake of our own souls. The ques-
tion is not, “Can we afford to give?”
but, “Can we afford to withhold? ” Ac-
cording as we are indifferent or luke-
warm, or are white hot in sharing our
Lord’s passion for saving- the world (not
England alone) will our home churches
decay or prosper. '
The primary object of the Church is to
evangelise, to pass on to others who have
had no opportunity of hearing the Gospel,
the story of Jesus and the wondrous love
of the Father Fie came to reveal. The
heathen converts shame us by their
ardour in propagating the Gospel, and are
contributing to this end increasingly both
in money and service.
It is recorded in the life of Pollard that
“ at the beginning of the Miao movement,
the men had said, ‘ This good news is too
good to keep to ourselves, let us send the
message on to the next village.’ ” Do
we feel like that?
Mr. Eddon reported that at Shang Ho
there had been formed “ a preaching band
which visits the markets and fairs round
about . . ” ; and similar bands are
often established in China. Compare this
with the difficulty experienced at home in
inducing our members to seek those out-
side the Churches.
A Chinese teacher reported to Miss
Turner : “ On Christmas Day . . .
your little servant gave to over 400 people
what in her estimation is the greatest gift
How they meet a Missionary, or a Special Deputation C/?ev H. Parsons.
51


Bookland
of all, namely, the st.ory of the Love of
God.” Is that our estimate? Then let
us remember the words of R. E. Speer :
'• Christianity becomes a trust, and no true
gentleman can allow himself to become
open to the suspicion of a breach of
trust.”
Yet we are terribly short of mission-
aries : and our Foreign Mission Secretary
has said that “ nine-tenths of our mission-
ary subscriptions come from one-tenth of
our members.”
Shall we not say to Mr. Eddon, that,
so far as in us lies, our Church shall be
not merely a missionary Church, but an
intensely missionary Church, and that we
will strive to fulfil his expectation that
“our people at home are going to see and
realise the importance of the work that is
being done abroad in their name ”?
May I say in a few words that I am
increasingly convinced of the importance
of developing our educational work in
China, in which Miss Turner occupies so
important and useful a place? There is
no time to dwell upon this, but I am
absolutely certain that it is essential in
order to build up a stable, self-reliant and
expanding Church, especially in China,
where g-reat importance has always been
attached to education, and where the State
has awakened to the imperative need of
Western studies.
I have said that missionaries are some-
times discouraged by lack of support from
the home base. One object of such a
meeting as this is to encourage the out-
going missionaries.
Shall we not say, “ Brother and sisters,
we thank God for your lives : we confess
that we have not been so faithful in re-
membrance and prayer or so self-denying
as we ought to have been ; but we are
better men and women for your lives and
for what you have wrought. You have
helped us to realise something of the
power of a prayer-filled life, and of the
peace and the joy which come to those
who truly say, whatever may be the diffi-
culties in the way, “ Here am I, send me,”
“ Just as Thou wilt and when and where.”
You have stirred us to self-reproach and
to a desire to be of more service in the
extension of Christ’s Kingdom. God
helping us, we will stand by you more
faithfully and zealously in the future.
The Board of Study for the
Preparation of Missionaries.
A School for Missionaries.
Arrangements have now been com-
pleted for the Residential Lecture Course
for Missionaries on Furlough (men and
women), to be held at King’s College
Hostel, Vincent Square, London, S.W.l,
from April 3rd to 12th.
The subjects include the Non-Christian
Classics in relation to the Christian Reve-
lation ; Problems of the Modern Situa-
tion ; the New Psychology ; Educational
Problems of the Mission Field ; and six
lectures on Linguistic Study. There wil’i
be daily devotional addresses. In the
afternoons visits to places of interest will
be arranged, and in the evenings there
will be good music.
An excellent array of speakers and lec-
turers. Miss G. A. Gollock and the Rev.
L. B. Butcher are acting as secretaries of
the course.
The opportunity is a rare one, and
should be widely used. Missionaries de-
siring to attend should apply to the Secre-
tary, Board of Study, Edinburgh House,
2 Eaton Gate, S.W.l. The inclusive fee
for board, lodging, and lectures, from
April 3rd to 12th, is £1 8s.
Bookland.
“ Near East and Disarmament,”
or, “What Hinders Disarmament in the
Near East,” is the subject of a very
striking editorial by President Gates, af
Robert Colleg’e, Constantinople, in the
January number of “The Moslem World.”
Dr. Gates views the present situation in
the Near East, not so much as related to
politics or present-day diplomacy, but in
the far deeper issue of character and
religions, ideals which he considers to be
the only hope for permanent peace.
There are several other articles of
special value to the student of missionary
methods, including a notable contribution
by Principal Alfred E. Garvie, of New
College, Hampstead, England, and one
by the late Rev. L. E. Esseltyn on “The
Message,” and how to bring it home to
the hearer..
156 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y.
$1.25 a year.
52


Our
£30,000
Missionary Aeroplane.
“ Fly abroad, thou Mighty Gospel.”
<535
£30,000—
Special Appeal for _
£25,000
<30,000
for
£25,000
China and Africa.
£20,000
The rising of the ’plane will record
the cash actually paid. Each notch £20,000—
represents £1,000.
£ 15,000
£15,000—
£10,000
£10,000—
This fund is desired
to be completed at next
Conference. Will District
Secretaries please report
their latest receipts?
£5,000
£5,000
Report in April last ■= £10,508.
This Month = £13,777.
53


“ Worthy is Rev
the Lamb.” r. h. b. shapland.
HERE are many who cannot hear
these words without thinking' of the
music to which Handel set them.
It rings in their minds, and they think of
times and places when they sang in that
majestic chorus. The last time Cardinal
Newman was ever seen in public was at a
musical festival in Birmingham. When
the choir began, “Worthy is the Lamb,”
the old man rose to his feet. He was
feeble, tottering, and could only stand by
grasping the seat in front of him, but he
could not sit while he saw in imagination
the multitude of angels and redeemed
souls praising Jesus. He must be of their
company. It was an act of worship. A
few weeks later his troubled journey “o’er
moor and fen, o’er crag and torrent,” was
ended, and his great, sad, wearied soul
passed into the light everlasting.
The Book of Revelation, where this
great anthem is found, was addressed to
a group of churches in pro-consular Asia,
and it was written and sent in the days
of the persecution under the Flavian
emperors. In the days of Nero persecu-
tion of the Christians by Rome began.
It was he who inaugurated it and thus set
the seal of Imperial approval on attempts
to crush Christianity as a sect opposed to
the welfare and the interest of the Empire.
From that time onward persecution of
Christians became a part of Imperial
policy. There were periods when it was
not carried out systematically and rigor-
ously, but there were other periods when
a great deal of energy and enterprise was
behind it. Much depended on the charac-
ter and views of the governor of the par-
ticular province. But there it was—the
suppression of Christians was as much a
part of Roman government as the sup-
pression of brigands.
Pro-Consular Asia was very devoted to
the Empire because of the security and
prosperity that Roman rule had brought.
Of the seven cities addressed in the
Apocalypse, Pergamos was a seat of
government, Sardis had received large
bounty from an emperor, Ephesus had
been acknowledged by Rome as the first
city in Asia, Laodicea was a centre of
Imperial religion and had been declared
a temple warden. Indeed, there were
few parts of the Empire where there was
greater love or enthusiasm for its rule,
and scarcely any part where the worship,
of the emperor as a divinity was so-
zealously practised. It is evident then
that in Asia the policy of persecuting the-
Christians as enemies of the Empire was-
sure to be carried out with energy. You
can read in this book how intense that
persecution became under Domitian. The
position of the Christians became almost
intolerable. They were spied upon,,
searched out, tried, condemned. Many
were sent to Rome. Rome is always on
the horizon, the harlot seated on the seven
hills drunk with the blood of saints. We
picture a little congregation of Asian
Christians gathering by stealth on the
evening of the Lord’s day. Here sits a
woman whose husband has been torn from
her and sent to Rome to die. Here is a
broken man whose sons have been taken.
Here another whose daughters have
been sold into slavery, worse than
death. Everyone is under the ban. The
threat of death hangs over them. But-
even should they escape imprisonment,
slavery or death, there remains the great
difficulty of obtaining the necessities of
life, for the empire has used the trade
guilds to establish a boycott against
them. Nobody could work as a mason or
weaver or goldsmith unless he belonged
to the guild of that trade, and every guild
had its peculiar heathen ritual in which its
members were compelled to take part. It
was scarcely possible for a craftsman to
become a Christian and remain a crafts-
man. He had to choose between Christ
and his livelihood. At the best he could1
only go on tramp from city to city pick-
ing up a little casual labour and hoping to
escape notice. No wonder these little
bands of Christians began to feel that it
was hard that they should suffer for their
faith, hard that religion should cost them
so much. Here and there one began to-
ask, “Is it worth it? ” Why should we
go on with it?” Faith seemed too-
costly. It was while such questions as
this weighed on their hearts ‘that this
Book of the Revelation was sent, and they
read the words, “Worthy is the Lamb.”-
Yes, that was it, He was worthy. If
you gave your goods, your home, your life-
for Him it was not too much. He was
54 •


Our work in the world
worth it all. If you put everything down
at His feet, you would still be in His
debt. “Worthy is the Lamb that is
slain.”
This conviction that grew up in the
face of an alien world was at once the sus-
taining force of Christian love and the
sustaining power of Christian service.
There is a striking passage in that clever
book, “Eminent Victorians,” in the essay
on General Gordon. The author is
describing Gordon’s long and weary vigil
in Khartoum, waiting for the relief force
that came two days too late. He refused
to go away and save himself, though the
way of retreat was long open, for he was
resolved that he would not be saved with-
out taking with him the Egyptian Force
defending the city, and all the inhabitants
who remained loyal to the Government.
Then, as the days went by and famine
and danger tried the beleaguered garrison
and population, Gordon came to see how
mean and poor a rabble it was with which
he had linked his fate. They were not
worth the sacrifice. But even then, know-
4 ing their worthlessness, he would not
give up or seek safety, for there was
something still of unquestioned worth—his
honour, his service to his Queen, his faith
as a Christian man. Most of us who. have
tried to do Christian work have been sad-
dened and disheartened by some of the
people we have tried to help. We doubt
at times whether they are worth all the
trouble we are taking, and if we had
nothing- else to contemplate but human
virtue we should soon give up the
struggle. But there is someone else :
there is Jesus, and He is worthy. Mr.
Hudspeth’s letter in the “United Metho-
dist ” last year was sad reading for us
all. “ I am not happy : in spite of the sun
my heart is chilled. I am sorry that it
should be, but, somehow, to-day I am a
wee bit downhearted. I cannot help it.
My own loved Church seems to have
failed me. She is sending me back to
China alone. Men, both lay and clerical,
have listened to the story of my Church
of the Hills, and they have shaken my
hand and said ‘ Ah ! if I were ten years
younger, I woujd go with you. ’ Other
men and women too, have shaken me by
i the hand and said ‘ Ah ! if I were older
I would go with you,’ but no one has
come. Now I sit in my cabin and muse
over these handshakes and fair words.
Were they only handshakes and fair
words ? I hope not. But staring me in
the face is the fact that in spite of urgent
appeals, no man has come forward and
offered to accompany me.” It is fairly
clear what Mr. Hudspeth thinks of us.
We say we are sending him back to
China, but I do not think that is the
truth. He would scarcely go for us. He
is not so much sent back as drawn back
by devotion to One who is so utterly
worthy that he feels no offering laid at
His pierced feet can be too great.
I know what people say about, mis-
sionary work ; about the hundreds of men
and women who have died on the Congo ;
about the men and women we have lost
in East Africa. They say, “Is it worth
it? ” There is a little graveyard out there
at Ribe where the fallen warriors lie
thick. Only a few years ago one of the
most brilliant New Testament scholars in
Europe went out to Central Africa. Such
men as R. K. Evans and Kingsley Wil-
liams have gone, men with a road of
honour which could have been pursued in
safety open before them. Well, is it
worth it? They have but one answer,
and it is the same that satisfied the soul
of the Christian Church in the first ages.
“Worthy is the Lamb.”
Our work in the world.
III.—West China.
In the western province of China
called Yunnan, we have a district
as large as Wales, containing
Churches 62
Missionaries 10
Chinese ministers... ... 230
Adult members ... 6374
Junior members ... ... 1530
Members on Trial ...11968
Total adults ...18342
Sunday Schools 43
Teachers ... 193
Scholars ... 4864
55


The Winsomeness
of Jesus.
I, if I be lifted up from the earth,
will draw all men unto Me.—John 12 : 32.
THIS majestic assertion can be uttered
'by none but Jesus. Yet there is a
human way of saying it. Subtly and
charmingly we have felt its impact. The
espousal of a great cause ! When a man
or woman stands forth thus it gives a fillip
to truth, it tends to purify and greaten
humanity in outflow and influence and it
ennobles the possessor. Such was Abra-
ham Lincoln, his follower Woodrow Wil-
son, .Luther, Livingstone, William Booth.
Such were the prophets of Israel and the
apostles of Christ. They linked their life
to their teaching so inextricably that they
often literally gave the former for the
latter.
But here is a higher theme. One Whose
Name is above every name utters a
prophecy. In a sense not only fascinating
but momentous, Jesus Christ stands fr
Tablet and altar of [Rev. G. W.Sheppard.
Confucius.
The inscription in centre, literally translated, is :
“ Most holy first teacher Kong - Confucius—his Spirit seat."
56
Missionary '
Meditation.
before the world and utters these words.
The term means to “draw out ” or “draw
towards,” as the magnet does the steel :
but it is not winsomeness only ; it is a
demand he makes or a command He
gives. This attraction, winsomeness,
command, demand, are therefore three-
fold.
“ Look, believe, serve !
Realise, accept, go forth! ”
Tie will draw us to Him in the supreme 1
and -fundamental sense of salvation. “ Him-
self He cannot save: He saved others.”
The first is a glorious fact, the second a
great statement. Faith is the key which
unlocks the door to Christ, and it involves
penitence and confession. If we refuse to
be drawn we not only frustrate our own
salvation, but we despise and reject the
most winsome vision of the ages. “ Truly
this was the Son of God.” He drew Peter
his fishing and Paul from his perse-
cution. He drew the dying male-
factor by the sheer force of His
personality.
“ I yield my flickering torch to Thee :
My heart restores its borrowed
ray,
That in Thy sunshine’s blaze its
day
May brighter, fairer be.”
Tie will draw us out in service and
sacrifice. “All men.” What a de-
lineation ! Link this witli the 67th
Psalm. “Let the people praise
Thee, then-----” ! ! Men shall be
brothers if they accept the elder
Brother. They are doing it, but
oh ! so slowly. Selfishness pre-
vents His world-wide sway : war
and greed and sin are its children.
He has drawn us that we may
draw. The order is clear, but we
disobey. “Here am I : send me,”
trembles on our lips and dies away.
We are to be converts, not con-
scripts : apostles, the fee paid being
the life. We ask Him to draw out
of us anything that infringes His
demand that we should make Him
known to the nearest and the
farthest. “The light that shines
the farthest is brightest near its
home.” This round earth with its
League of Nations, is to be won for


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
T
Christ ; is to win Christ. The world is
waiting for Him. God has made this
world-conquest dependent on the Chris-
tian nations, and supremely on the
English-speaking peoples. It really could
not be otherwise. I am drawn to draw :
I am saved to save. Thus the noblest
qualities of the human are laid under
tribute. The great war revealed how we
can have this in physical sacrifice. Home,
business, comfort, civil life, were forsaken
in fine frenzy, and in a million cases death
came. Why cannot those who have re-
turned give their life to Him? His gift
to us will overpass our surrender to Him.
Miss Ford reminds us in her “Lessons in
Verse-craft,” that Christina Rossetti in her
transcription from Holy Writ describes
by a graphic metaphor the unrest of the
wicked,—
“ Stormy miry depths aloft are hurled.”
Who shall describe the calm of the de-
voted ; sworn to fight with the sacra-
mental host of the redeemed, that they
may help to win not a man but a world.
This prophecy has been fulfilled, and is
to be. As the first part is historically
true so shall the second have its magni-
ficent fulfilment—in China, Africa, India.
But so few go, so few care, so little is
given—for the biggest scheme in the uni-
verse. Some do not even desire it, nor
pray for it—for prayer is more costly than
money ; you have to live up to it. Is the
price of prayer too hig'h? Is that why
we cease to pray. “I will draw all men
unto Me.” Do you desire it? You do if
you have been truly drawn ! Go forth as
His comrades, His soldiers, his knights,
His crusaders, and you, even you, shall
help to fulfil this glorious prophecy from
the lips of Him who spake as never man
spake He may be scorned who sdorns
the task : he will be blessed who heeds it.
“The Power which holds the farthest sun,
And bids it shine and serve apart,
Bids me not leave my task undone,
Bids me lift up my heart.
And heavenward hearts, as from above,
Are touched with fire, are bathed in light.
Hold, ever hold me, Living Love,
To this unfathomed height! ”
J. E. S.



By Mrs. J. A. DOBSON.
Mrs. John Naylor, of
Cheslyn Hay.
A tribute from a friend.
DOUBTLESS numerous readers of
this Magazine would like to have a
sketch of Mrs. Naylor by a friendly
hand, with a brief outline of her history
and many useful activities. She has a
remarkable personality, and though
suffering from a physical disability which
prevents her from walking except by slow
and patient steps, she has conquered her
weakness and has taken, and still takes,
an active part in the work of the church.
I well remember the first time I saw
her in the manse at Halifax. When I
was announced, she sent me word that
she was engaged in domestic duties in
the kitchen, but would be with me in a
few- moments. Presently the door opened
and she appeared. Seeing the difficulty
with which she advanced, I offered her
my assistance, but she smilingly refused,
and, while chatting gaily all the time to
divert my thoughts from herself, she
travelled, by means of the furniture, to
the opposite side of the room and sat
down. I shall never forget that first im-
pression of her unconquerable spirit. Her
radiant presence banished every idea of
57


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
weakness and made one think of the
Scripture : “ The race is not to the swift,
nor the battle to the strong, but the lame
take the prey.”
More intimate acquaintance only served
to deepen that first impression, and I
found that her influence was helped
rather than hindered by her affliction.
She, unconsciously, makes effective use
of her “thorn in the flesh,” for though
she hides it, her quiet victory over herself
is an inspiration, and imparts new
courage to all, who, suffering from any
physical limitation or affliction, are
privileged to make her acquaintance. <
Her early years were spent on the
breezy moors of the Pennine Range,
nearly one thousand feet above the sea
level, and there she developed healthily
and happily. Her father, Mr. William
Holden was a remarkable man, with
clear strong intellect and a deeply spiri-
tual character. He was of a gentle, re-
tiring disposition, with a great love of the
beautiful in nature and in art, and he was
the author of many sonnets of a mystical
Mrs. Naylor and the
Rev. John Naylor.
character, which won high commenda-
tion from such a competent judge as Ur.
R. F. Horton. For over thirty years he
was the superintendent of the Sunday
School, discharging his duties with effi-
ciency and devotion. Her brother, Mr.
Joshua Holden, M.A., who holds a distin-
guished position in the educational world,
was from the first her close friend and
companion.
Her environment thus fostered her
natural ability, and the gracious in-
fluences of a Christian home moulded her
character. She has an artistic tempera-
ment, and in her girlhood much of her
time was spent in sketching" the beautiful
scenery by which she was surrounded.
She is still devoted to art, and, when not
reading or writing, she is usually paint-
ing in water-colours. Naturally the love
of art was associated with a delight in
all the beauties of poetry and g'eneral
literature. She has a facile pen, and for
many years she has written the Monthly
Sunday School Letter for the Women’s
Missionary Auxiliary, now eagerly read
throughout the Connexion, and it has
made for her a host of friends. Here
is a slight incident worthy of notice : a
working man, a thatcher in Wiltshire,
sent her ha'f a crown for postage ex-
penses, as an expression of gratitude for
the help and inspiration he had received
from her letters. For some time she also
wrote the exposition of the Scripture
Lessons for the Intermediate Teachers in
the Wesleyan Sunday School Magazine.
Her clear, courageous and well-informed
elucidation of Scripture difficulties were
invaluable. Those children who were
taught along the lines laid down by Mrs.
Naylor will not have to scrap their theo-
logical beliefs when they grow up. That
is an immense gain, for in rejecting' that
which in after years and with wider know-
ledge they found to be untenable, they
sometimes cast all away and make “ship-
wreck of faith. ”
When she found that an insidious
disease circumscribed her movements,
and at length luade out-door exercise im-
possible, her heart never quailed, but
with indomitable will she overcame every
difficulty. For years she has been un-
able to walk and has been carried in an
invalid chair to the services of the sanc-
tuary and Sunday School ; yet she is the
58


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
most regular attendant. For nine years
at Brunswick, Halifax ; and for four
years in Cheslyn Hay (that is, to the
present time) she has been the teacher of
the senior class ; leader of the Women’s
Own ; and instructor of the primary
teachers, whom she meets once a week in
her own home. She also assists Mrs. H.
Hawkins in the work of the “Women’s
Missionary Auxiliary.” S-o, though fet-
tered by affliction, she is an effective
church worker, and a splendid helper of
her husband, exerting- a potent influence
for gooo in the churcJi and in the town
where she resides.
This sketch has been written without
her knowledge or consent. Like her
father before her, she shuns publicity, and
would promptly veto this communica-
tion. But it will be an encouragement to
others who suffer from like physical
limitations, and will surely inspire grati-
tude in those of us who are mercifully
exempt from such trying deprivations,
and, perchance, may urge us to attempt
more than we have hitherto done for the
Kingdom of God. There is no gloom , nor
despondency in the manse, for here is one
of the Lord’s jewels, which gathers light
from above and diffuses it around. Mrs.
Naylor has wonderful sympathy with
young people and likes their company ; a
certain proof of a sunny disposition ; and
her cheerful optimism banishes all doubts
concerning their future development and
usefulness. “They are as good,” she
says with em-
phasis, “ as I was
at their age.”
So let us give j
“Three cheers.”
for this brave
lady, and I will
join in, so that I
may imagine my-
self young
again, and we
young people will
unite with our
elders in offering
as our tribute
this tiny wreath
of flowers—sim-
ple forget - me -
nots—with many
prayers for her
future health, Miss Li ShuanE Mei.
59
life and happiness, and with sincere
gratitude for such a bright example
of the conquest of the spirit over “thorns
in the flesh. ’ ’
G. W. C.
My return to West China.
Miss L. O. Squire, B.A.
I AM glad to have this opportunity
of sending a farewell message to the
numbers of friends we have made
throughout the Connexion. It has indeed
been a privilege for Shuang Mei and
myself to meet so many of the home
friends and supporters of our missionary
work in the lands beyond. The memory
of your sympathetic interest and enthu-
siasm will bring cheer to our hearts in
the days to come ; even when, possibly,
the immediate outlook may seem disap-
pointing. I am sure that the closer links
formed between workers, at home and
those on the field will bring fresh stimulus
to all concerned. Those at home are
helped by the knowledge that their
efforts are bearing rich fruit, while we on
the field will rely on the support and
encouragement of our home churches.
Where there is but little interest in mis-
sionary work, it is generally due to lack
of knowledge. If people only realised the
deep needs of China and Africa, they
surely could not be indifferent to them !
I am glad to have this great oppor-
tunity of returning to my former sphere
of service, though I expect some uphill
Miss L. O. Squire, B.A.


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
work at first, as the school has been left
for several years without a missionary-
in-charge. There is no more important
branch of missionary work than the
Christian training and education of our
girls ; nothing we can do will have a
greater influence on the welfare of China.
I am also firmly convinced that our
Chinese girls are worth the best that we
can give them, and that they will prove
their worth, as indeed many of them
have done already. I am proud to have
even a small share in the training’ of these
girls ; and all who understand the value
and importance of this work will rejoice
to co-operate with me in every possible
way. I ask for the continued prayers
and interest of our people, and I thank
very sincerely all who have helped in
making the meetings of our recent tour
so successful in various ways. I bid you
good-bye for a time, and pray that God’s
blessing may rest upon us all.
(See p. 46.) Lettie Squire.
A letter from Miss Li Shuang Mei.
My Dear Mother Church,
HAT shall I say to you? I don’t
know what I shall do when I
go back to my own country,
because you have been too kind to me. 1
have no words enough to say thank-you,
so I will thank God for giving us this
kind Mother Church. I have been in
England two years, and I have seen many-
wonderful things, but the most wonderful
thing is the great love of the Church. All
your kindness and your good influence
have moved my heart, so I have made up
my mind I will do my best for our dear
Heavenly Father all my life. I want you
to pray for me and for my country, and
we will pray for dear England. I want
China to love England as I do, and Eng-
land to love China, and all together love
Jesus Christ.
I am going back to my home, but I
leave plenty of love in England, and I
will never forget my dear friends. I have
had a very happy time in beautiful, fairy
England. It gave me great happiness
when you sent me to the Birmingham
Missionary College, Happy Kingsmead '
I have studied there for one year ; and
have learnt many useful things. I know
many people now. We had people from
different missionary societies in our Col-
lege : Wesleyan, Primitive Methodist,
Friends, Church of England, and I,
United Methodist. And not only English
people come to our College, but some
from other countries, Sweden, Norway,
Holland, Denmark, Switzerland, India,
China, Madagascar. I know them all
very well, and I love them very much.
We only have different skin., different
clothes, different language ; we all have
the same God, and the same heart; we
are all dear brothers and sisters, one big
family in the world ; that is the great
thing I have learnt in dear England.
After College the Missionary Com-
mittee g’ave me a very g’ood opportunity
to go round to the Churches, to know
many friends, and to see your wonderful
love. Now you are sending my dear
friend Miss Squire back to China with
me. The Mother Church has given all
happiness to me. I don’t know what to
say, only God bless you all.
With very much love,
From your Chinese girl,
Shuang-mei Lee.
A Notable Record.
The sale of shampoo powders for our
fund's was commenced by Mrs. H. J. Barker
in September 1910. The first year’s income
was just over £&; in three years the income
was nearly three times that amount; and
before the war a steady income rose to ^35
per annum. During the war years, with
their many difficulties, business somewhat
declined, but only reduced the profits to ^25
per annum. In addition to this handsome
sum, the branches and friends retailing the
powders made a yearly profit of about ^j25.
In eleven years just over £550 was raised for
our Mission funds by the sale of these
powders.
The work involved was great; the exact
preparation of the prescription, the packing
and postage of innumerable parcels, corres-
pondence and accounts—we can hardly con-
ceive how Mrs. Barker managed it ail, being
also a busy housewife and mother, and a
minister’s wife at that! We much regret
that at last Mrs. Barker has felt obliged to
give up this special bit of work. We thank
her most heartily for all that has been ac-
complished through the steady sale of these
useful powders.
N.B.— IMPORTANT! Will secretaries and
others please note that the sale of shampoo
powders for our funds has now ceased;
and Mrs. Barker must not be troubled with
further correspondence on the matter.
60


The Doings of the
Deputation.—II. Rev. C. STEDEFORD.
(Continued from January, 5).
Outward At Vancouver we em-
Itound. barked on the “ Empress
of Russia.” We wit-
nessed the joyous farewell given to a num-
ber of missionaries embarking with us,
and glided away with the refrain of the
hymn “God will take care of you,” fading
into silence as the distance increased.
On November 22nd we called at Yoko-
hama, and a few hours in the port gave
us the opportunity of running »up to
Tokio. We also had a brief stay at
Kobe and Naga-
saki, which gave
us further ac-
quaintance with
Japan.
Principal Red-
fern met us at
Shanghai on
November 27th,
whither he had
come to confer
with us on mis-
sionary business.
We arrived at
Hong - Kong at
noon on Decem-
b e r 2nd, and
were rather sur-
prised to dis-
cover that our
boat for Hai-
phong sailed
early the next
morning. The
voyage to Hai-
City Shop Street.
Site we hope to secure for chapel and house. [T. Butler, Esq., J.P.
phong on the “ Taksang ” occupied
two days. On December 6th we left Hai-
phong, and started the four days’ railway
journey to Yunnan Fu. The train does
not travel by night. The nights we spent
at Hanoi, Laokay, and Amicheo. One
would not wish to travel by night over
such a mountainous railway and through
such wonderful scenery. For the last two
days the scenery is magnificent and be-
wildering in its sublimity, and as the train
winds its way around mountain peaks,
April. 1922.


The Doings of the Deputation
across ravines and through numerous
tunnels one is compelled to admire the
engineering skill which found a way
through such difficult country.
At Yunnan Fu. Before arriving at Yun-
nan Fu, while the train
was stopping at a station, we were
startled by the sound of a familiar voice
calling for admission to our carriage. It
was Mrs. Evans who had met us an hour
distant from the city. Her radiant and
joyous welcome immensely exhilarated
the weary travellers, to say nothing of
the supply of tea and cakes she had
brought for our refreshment. We had
hardly recovered from this pleasant sur-
prise before we were moving into Yun-
nanfu station and could descry a group
with waving handkerchiefs awaiting our
ar.rival. A more exuberant and joyous
welcome could not be imagined. The
young ladies, Nurse Raine and Miss Bar-
wick almost smothered Mrs. Butler with
their embraces. If she had not been there
to receive them no one knows what might
have happened. I am sure Mrs. Butler
found the first taste of her reward for
taking such a long journey was very
sweet.
Mr. Evans demonstrated his welcome
in the most practical manner by taking
entire charge of us and our baggage.
Several of the church-members had come
to the station, and we were pleased to
see that Dr. Gordon Thompson, of the
C.M.S., had also come to greet us.
This welcome to Yunnan Fu was one of
the happy moments of life which will not
fade from memory.
We made our way through thronging
streets to our mission house, which is
situated just behind the main thorough-
fare into the city. The city has over-
flowed its walls until now the busiest part
lies outside the south gate toward the
station. Amid this surging tide of life
Mr. Evans has planted our mission, and
both on account of the multitudes within
reach and the importance of conserving
the results already gained, it is very
desirable for our work to continue in the
same locality.
I remained in Yunnan City from
December 9th to the 17th. Mr. and Mrs.
Butler stayed longer, for reasons which
will appear later. As the capital of the
province and the terminus of the railway
this city is of the first importance.
In the midst of such a city with its
A pforue in the Yanutze-kiang,
In earlier days a Deputation would have had to navigate this river. [Lent by ‘'The Bible in the ’World."
See p. 32 in “The Story of the Miao.”
62


The Doings of the Deputation
t
100,000 inhabitants the work our Mission
as doing seems small indeed. Our
premises consist of one Chinese house,
where our missionaries reside, and where
the rooms nearest to the street have been
thrown into one and adapted for the pur-
poses of a chapel. In this way a neat
little sanctuary has been provided to
accommodate about SO people. I was
able to attend the services on Sunday,
December 11th. There were about 70
present. Rev. A. Evans conducted the
service. The congregation joined heartily
In the singing and responsive readings,
followed the sermon with close attention,
manifested throughout a devout spirit and
maintained perfect order. It was evident
that Mr. and Mrs. Evans had gathered
around them a number of persons ready
to share their spirit and service. Nearly
every evening in the week is occupied
with some meeting connected with this
little community. In these meetings we
found that singing took a prominent
place and formed a great attraction.
On the Sunday afternoon it was my
privilege to conduct an English service in
the Y.M.C.A. building. The congrega-
tion numbered 40, and was composed
chiefly of missionaries, several of whom
were waiting for permission to proceed to
their various stations in the province.
On the Thursday following I addressed
about 150 students in the Y.M.C.A., one
of the Chinese masters acting as my in-
terpreter. I was impressed with the
Intent interest the young fellows dis-
played.
Several days of this week were spent
In exploring the town, visiting possible
sites for permanent mission premises.
Enquiries were set afoot which may lead
to some practical result later.*
The Journey to As soon as we arrived in
Tong Oman. the capital we were in-
formed that the preva-
lence of brigandage around the city, and
especially on the road to Tong Chuan,
made it very uncertain whether we should
be able to proceed. When we consulted
the Consul he shook his head and offered
little hope. Some missionaries had been
detained in the capital for more than two
months because it was not safe for them
to attempt to reach their stations. On
Monday, however, we were glad to wel-
come Mr. Mylne, who had come from
Tong Chuan with an escort of 100 sol-
diers provided to bring delegates to the
Provincial Assembly. He immediately
began to pull strings to obtain permission
to travel with some of these soldiers who
were returning to Tong Chuan. Rather
suddenly, on Friday, the 16th, a message
came from the Consul that the Chinese
authorities had provided an escort of
twenty soldiers, and that we must start
early the following morning. We hailed
this welcome message with delight and
busy preparations immediately began. It
was deemed advisable for Mrs. Butler to
rest awhile in the city before starting on
an arduous journey. It was, therefore,
decided that Mr. and Mrs. Butler should
come down later with Mr. and Mrs. Evans
and Mr. Goldsworthy. Mr. Goldsworthy
was expected to arrive in a few days, and
a party would be required to take him on
to Chao Tong. My earlier departure
would enable me to visit an additional
number of out-stations.
(For details of this journey, see “U.M.”
for March 30th.)
In five days we arrived at Tong Chuan.
Nearing the town we were met by the
preachers and a number of our church
members, who has come to greet us. Dr.
Wang,* who has recently graduated, was
present, and was able not only to smile his
welcome but express it in English.
In Tong It needs a week of
Cliuan. Chinese inns to appreciate
to the full the pleasure of
a Christian home ; the lavish kindness of
Mr. and Mrs. Mylne made us feel at
home indeed, and made the Christmas
one of the happiest in our history. The
day after our advent, Mr. Dymond
arrived from Chao Tong in order to con-
duct us thither. But our programme in
the Tong Chuan Circuit required our
remaining until January 2nd. The cease-
less interest made the week slip away
very rapidly. On Christmas Day, Mr.
Dymond conducted the service in the
morning and Dr. Wang in the evening.
The attendance was unusually good on
account of the sensation created by the
arrival of the new. foreigners, the chapel
being well filled on the men’s side and
* See p 61.—Ed
* See Jan., p. 16.—Ed.
63


Our work in the world
nearly so on the women’s side. Dr. Wang
discoursed on “Who is Jesus Christ?”
and set out the divisions of his subject on
a blackboard both in Chinese and in
English, in English presumably for my
special benefit. I was impressed with
the intelligent appearance of some of the
men in the congregation, particularly
some of the younger men.
Several of the places could not send
representatives to our meetings because
of the disturbed state of the country.
Melancholy reports were received from
some distant parts of the circuit, where
the robbers were in possession. Some of
our chapels have been occupied by them
and turned into gambling dens and
brothels. Some of the Christians have
been compelled under threat of death to
join the brigands and serve their evil pur-
poses. Of course, some refused, and they
received no mercy. One woman had her
body scorched daily to compel her to
divulge a secret she did not possess.
Then came December 31st, and the
missionaries watched out the old year in
hymns and prayers of thanksgiving and
consecration. Our last day in this, Mr.
Mylne’s circuit was New Year’s Day,
when Mr. Dymond conducted the morn-
ing service and interpreted my brief
address. This was followed by the Sacra-
ment service conducted by Mr. Mylne.
In the afternoon I held an English service
with the missionaries, and Mr. Mylne
took the Chinese service in the evening.
(Next month we hope for the account of
the District Meeting at Chao Tong.)
Bookland.
We have received three books from the
Carey Press. (Baptist Mission House.)
1. “Mary Slessor.” Bv Cuthbert Mc-
Evoy, M.A. One of their Torch-bearer
booklets. Readers of the “Life” will
realise the difficulty of condensing to 60
pages and yet to give the salient features
of her noble service. This has been done,
and very useful should the booklet be—for
Sunday School classes and study circles.
(9d. net.)
2. “ The Young Browns abroad. ” Percy
H. Jones. This is one of their Wonder-
lands series. It enshrines a happy idea,,
and has a semi-missionary flavour. A
father has to take a cruise to India on
business, and he decides, much to their
joy, to take his son and daughter. The
book consists of letters they write while
en route to their chums at home. Every
letter is entertaining and has in it that
spice of adventure always welcome to
boys and girls, whether taking part in it
or reading about it. (3s. 6d. net.)
3. “The Talisman of Sundu.” Kath-
leen Bell. (Same series.) Sundu is a
native Indian, and under the descriptive
power of Dr. Broad, an Indian mission-
ary, some young folk become possessed of
a strong desire to help mission indirectly,
and Sundu directly. The book tells about
a little Welsh soldier, a brown box which
comes, and then is lost, and found, and
works like magic in the young folk’s lives.
Then quite early in his life Geraint deter-
mines to be a missionary—and we would
that the book may induce many another
boy or girl to take up the glorious work
in far-away lands. This is surely the
author’s purpose, and it is worthy of all
romance. (3s. 6d. net.)
The last two are excellent books for
missionary prizes.
Our work in the world.
IV.—East Africa.
In British East Africa, we have
the following:—
Churches 14
Missionaries 6
Native ministers ... 31
Adult members ... 663
Junior members ... ... 126
Members on trial... 52
Total adults ... 615
Sunday Schools ... 14
Teachers 32
Scholars ... 386
64


+<

*
>
The Observatory.
The Deputation.
IT is a pleasure to us to present the
second instalment of the Secretary’s
journal. It was posted on January
1st and reached us March 4th. Now that
they have started from the distant field,
Mr. Stedeford assures us he will be able
to send them regularly. It is a joy to
know that he and Mr. and Mrs. Butler
were well at the time of writing. A long
letter from Mrs. Butler, also per same
mail, appears on p. 76 et seq. The Secre-
tary then says : “ I have not received any
letters from England yet. I almost feel
as though I had dropped out of the
world. ’ ’
The Miao Famine Fund.
As we write gifts for this are coming
in apace. Notwithstanding all perplexities
of the present time there are always some
â– of our folk responsive to an immediate
â– call. Once more we realise our indebted-
ness to the “United Methodist ” and its
genial editor, and thank him from our
hearts.
Tithing for Missions.
Once more Battersea Park Road has
had a bazaar, and raised £90. Ten per
cent, goes to the Mission fund, which any-
one can estimate. Why should there not
foe fifty churches doing this every year?
Would they be the poorer?
The EDITOR.
How to Use the Missionary
Deputation.
Commend us to Bradford (Shearbridge
Road) for knowing how to do it. Mr. Par-
sons and Miss Armitt were the deputation,
and right well did they use them and
everybody else too. A six-page programme
with eleven blocks (some of which we
rejoiced to lend from the Echo : we want
people to ask for them !) and a 2 pp. cir-
cular with four blocks ; the people were
surely compelled to come. And this was
arranged by Mr. T. A. Edge, aided by
his minister. And he is just a missionary
secretary ! Are you a missionary secre-
tary? What is your plan? Ask Mr.
Edge* to send you a copy of his latest
announcement: for he has many to his
credit.
This will remind our readers of the
competition announced on page 46
(March).
Home Organization Department.
This reminds us that the H.O.D. of
the Wesleyan Missionary Society is a live
wire indeed. This month they have re-
ceived the following from an admirer :
MetHODism.
“ Have I made a discovery that H.O.D.
is in the heart of Methodism? Is it in
the heart of every Methodist? ”
“E.S.”
* 77 Cecil Avenue.
T
*


Two Brothers
The Rev. William Eddon.
In a letter written just before he left
England and again in his first after reach-
ing Tientsin, where his work now lies,
our friend expresses his cordial thanks to
a multitude of friends in England who
made his furlough such a happy one.
Competitions.
One appeared in September last, it will
be remembered. The winning exercise is
by the Rev. W. Rupert Clark, and we
thank him for producing “Dispersing
Shadow’s : a rhyme of East Africa.” It
will be published in due course. He has
received a 7s. 6d. book.
Unwelcome News.
In a letter written prior to the famine
appeal (see “United Methodist”) but
seriously delayed, Mr. Hudspeth says :
“ Things are going well at Stone Gateway,
but the countryside is infested with bandits.
To-day I have ha.d letters from the Chinese
urging me to go into the city where one has
some protection. Of course, I shall not go.
I shall take every care, however, not to fall
into the hands of the brigands. I am having
approaches to Stone Gateway watched both
night and day.”
A Message to “ Friends.”
The F.F.M.A. issues this for 1922, and
the concluding words are apposite and
touching. We have a fellow-feeling.
“We express our thankfulness to God for
the wonderful way in which funds have been
provided during the past fifty-five years. At
the same time, we cannot but ask the mem-
bers of the Society to consider, in view of the
important place Far Eastern peoples are now
taking in world affairs, whether this is the
time for us to reduce our activities in the
spread of the message and spirit given to us
as Friends.”
A Correction.
Now must follow an apology. On p.
53 last month appeared the Aeroplane, set
at £13,777. The Treasurer sends the
joyous news that it should have been
£15,797. That is £2,200 more, and
everybody will rejoice that we have passed
the equator. We wonder if the mistake
arose through the Editor or the Acting
Secretary. We were going to gay “No
one is infallible,” but that would be a.
commonplace.
Praise and Blame.
Do you remember that Percy B.
Shelley once wrote to his friend : “ If any
of the reviews abuse me, cut them out
and send them : if they praise you need
not trouble yourself.”
A Bereavement.
While the final proof of this issue was
being prepared at the Magnet Press, the
Sabbath came, and on that day (March
12th), Mr. C. E. F. Lewis, the Manager,
died suddenly. His father was manager
from 1900 to 1916, and in that year Mr.
Charles became manager. We esteem
the father ; and are grieved that at the
age of 44 the son has been called from his
earthly work. He won our admiration by
his faithful and skilled work ; we mourn
his loss, and sympathise with his family.
Two Brothers.
Once upon a time, so runs the legend,
there lived in the far Judean hills two>
affectionate brothers tilling adjoining
farms. One had a wife and a houseful of
children : the other was a lonely man.
One night in the harvest-time the older
said to his wife, “ My brother is a lonely
man. I will go out and move some of the
sheaves from my side of the field to his
so that when he sees them in the morn-
ing his heart will be cheered by the
abundance.” And he did.
That night also the other said to his
workmen : “ My brother has a houseful
and many mouths to fill. I am alone, and
do not need all this wealth. I will go and
move some of my sheaves over to his
field so that he shall rejoice in the morn-
ing when he sees how great is his store.”
And he did. And they did this that night
and the next in the sheltering dark. But
on the third night the moon shone out,
and they were face to face with each other
with their arms filled with sheaves.
On that spot, says the legend, was built
the temple of Jerusalem.
“Sunday at Home.”
66


The Prayer Union
Story for the Children.
How Santa Claus Came to Bunty.
Ciw ERU is such a long way off from
f y I everywhere, especially from Eng-
■* ’ * land. Santa Claus had never
failed her yet; but, somehow, this year
Bunty was just a wee bit anxious. No
Christmas mails had arrived, and if the
mails were stopped how could Santa
Claus get through?
In some countries he came down from
the skies, and got in through the win-
dow or the chimney when little girls were
sleeping, but here in Africa it could not
be like that. The sun was so fierce and
the air so hot; the top of the sky seemed
miles and miles and miles awayj Santa
Claus would be burnt up trying to get
down to the mission house where Bunty
lived with her father and mother.
But, somehow, Bunty was not without
hope, and when a big box arrived at the
little hospital where nurse and teacher
lived, she felt quite happy again. If one
box got there all right a week or two
before Christmas, well, Santa Claus
would manage to get his parcels across
country somehow, that was certain. So
Bunty lived on happily until Christmas
morning.
She awoke early, but Santa Claus was
earlier still. Yes ; some time during the
brief dusky African night, he had
trundled across to Meru, with bag and
baggage, all for one little missionary girl
who was, living there, the only white child
in a great piece of country. Bunty had
borrowed a large stocking, but even that
was not big enough for the toys and
games and good things Santa Claus had
left behind. Don’t you think he was
right in leaving an extra share to this
little lonely girl in a great foreign
country? I do; and across the seas we
hear Bunty’s joyful cry on Christmas
morning,
“ Mother! Santa Claus has brought
me heaps and heaps and heaps of things.
Poor old Santa! How tired he must
have been with all these parcels. Did you
see him, Daddy? I wish someone had
seen him and given him a rest and some-
thing to eat and drink. Next year I’ll
have to keep awake and see him for my-
self, and ask him to have some milk and
cake. Poor dear kind old man ! Dear
old Santa Claus! ” Auntie Dot.
The Prayer Union.
The Lord giveth the word : the women
that publish it are a great host.—Psa-
67 : 11.
She who has chosen Martha’s part,
The planning head, the steady heart:
So full of household work and care,
Intent on serving everywhere;
May also Mary’s secret know,
Nor yet her household cares forgo ;
May sit and learn at Jesu’s feet,
Nor leave her service incomplete.
R. H. Thomas.
Hymns :
Is thy cruse of comfort wasting?
Go, labour on, spend and be spent.
Thou whose Almighty Word.
April 2.—Women and girls in North
China. Miss Turner and Miss Armitt.
Pp. 66-6S in Report. Psa. 68 : 1-11.
April 9.-—Tong Chuan, West China-
Rev. F. R. Craddock and now Rev. C. N.
Mylne. Pp. 43, 44. Psa. 72.
April 16th.—West Africa: Freetown-
Rev. J. B. Nichols. Pp. 58, 59. Isa-
35.
April 23.—The City Temple meetings,.
24th ; and the Foreign Missions Com-
mittee at Forest Hill on the 25th and
26th. Rev. 5.
April 30.—Ningpo College. Mr. Prin-
cipal Redfern and Rev. W. P. Bates. Pp.
30, 31. Psa. 1.
Q GOD of unchangeable power and
eternal light,
Look favourably on Thy whole Church,
that wonderful and sacred mystery ;
And by the tranquil operation of Thy
perpetual providence carry out the
work of man’s salvation :
And let the whole world feel and see
that things which were cast down
are being raised up :
That those things which had grown old
are being made new;
And that all things are returning to
perfection through Him from whom
they took their origin,
Even our Lord Jesus Christ.
67


A Missionary
Meditation.
“ Are these not all Galileans, they said,
who are speaking? Then how is it that each
■ of us hears them in his own native tongue? ”
Acts ii. 7, 8. (Moffatt’s Translation.)
HUS very early Christianity created
and presented a remarkable tact:
men with a natural defect and social
disadvantage were, through the bestow-
ment and acceptance of the Divine Spirit,
able to excel in comprehensive service
those who were considered naturally per-
fect and fortunate. The rulers and priests
rejoiced in a pure birth and in an educa-
tion and skill that gave them peculiar
advantage. And yet because they had not
this new gift they were inferior to the
disciples. The disciples had the defect of
birth and lack of schooling, and yet be-
cause of this endowment from on high
they were superior to those considered
gifted and fortunate. The intelligent on-
looker was bound to ask “How?” To
have ignored the fact would have been
unnatural and unscientific. And till an
adequate reason, contrary to that which
the disciples gave, could be adduced, the
multitudes were under an obligation to
recognise the reality and superiority of the
Divine gift. This was the condemnation
of many of that generation, that an evi-
dent, superior force had come and men
were content with the inferior.
And this striking fact still persists.
Christianity comes to us through a Person
called Jesus ; through an institution called
the Church ; through a book called the
Women’s Bible School at Lao Ling.
JMiss Armitt in centre.
Natural and Social Defects
Counteracted by the Gifts of
the Spirit.
Rev. W. D. GUNSTONE.
Bible. To the general observer all these
have the marks and signs of a narrow
provincialism. Christ took not the nature
of angels, but the seed of Abraham. He
was sneered at as a Nazarene. And yet
He is the most universal Personality. To
St. Peter He was an Israelite, and yet
much more. To us He is English, and
yet much more. To the Indians and
Chinese and African He is introduced by
English missionaries, and yet none of the
natives of these countries ever look upon
Him.as a superior Englishman, but as a
perfect Chinese, or Indian, or African.
He embodies all nationalities. He ex-
presses all relations. How is it that He
being a Jew is so universal?
The same phenomenon is presented by
the Church. It is largely human in its
shape and development. ‘It has the
mark of human defect. And yet for two
thousand years it has stood as the
strongest protection of character and the
chief centre and source of cleansing in-
fluences. Because members of the Church
are human, they may now and then fall.
But if the criminality of the world could
be reduced to the level that is found
among church members there would not
be much for judges and magistrates to
do. If the domestic tragedies of the world
could be reduced to what obtains among
church members, many of our newspapers
would be straitened for copy sufficiently
savoury for the multitude. If the slum-
dom of our cities could be reduced to what
exists among Free Church
members, there would not be
much to grapple with. This
fact creates a “How?” The
same applies to the Bible. Its
books were written, so far as
we can ascertain, by men of
one small nation. Its provin-
cialism is evident. And yet it
expresses universal need and
experience and provision. Is
it not distinctly Jewish? How
is it that it speaks to the
world? The British and
Foreign Bible Society is the
creation of believers. It is
not sustained by taxes. It
is an organ of the church.
And no sooner is a new
68


In Remembrance of Feb. 28, 1922
tribe discovered than the Church
through the Bible Society begins to
speak to it in its native tongue. How
is it? This is not a question for believers.
It is for the man in the street. And till
he finds an answer different from that
which we give—that it arises from the
spirit of life in it, he ought to yield to its
authority and direction. The fact is, he
is afraid to listen to it. Its reproofs and
commands are disturbing.
The men referred to in the text supply
a wonderful illustration of the power of
the new gift. Matthew was a Galilean
civil servant. His birth, his avocation
were against him. It would be difficult
for him to gain a hearing even among his
own people, and outside Galilee, his pro-
vincialism would create a prejudice that
would discount any words he might speak.
And yet two thousand years after, the
millions of Europe and America and India
and China are listening to him, while the
cultured men of Jerusalem, who were
offended at his provincialism, are unable
to gain any attention to anything they
uttered. Is He not a Galilean? How then
is He so universal? The Holy Spirit
brought to his remembrance what Jesus
said, “Come unto Me, all ye that labour
and are heavy laden, and I will give you
rest.” The value of the utterance kills
the provincialism and lifts it into universal
service and worth. The same would apply
to the words of John and Peter, and the
rest. The vehicles of the message were
illustrations of its worth and force. The
first preachers were not encouraged and
sustained by the state. Their inward
defects were supplemented by the opposi-
tion and prohibition of the State, and yet
their words live. How?
The history of the Christian religion
supplies numberless illustrations, of this
startling fact. Its continuance and spread
are the result of men and women who
obtained the gift and showed the power
of the supernatural to counteract natural
defect and to raise them to a height of
conception and service that mere birth
and learning and social position could not
give. Catherine of Siena, Bunyan,
Carey, and Pollard are all illustrations of
this.
There is another line of thought sug-
gested by these words. Are these not all
sinners? Then how do they speak the
language of the saints ? We were citizens
of no mean city. We were members of
a great empire of which heaven and earth
are but parts. But we broke our citizen-
ship. We came to be provincial. We
shrank to the earth. We came to be
aliens and foreigners and strangers. But
through His interposition and gift we are
brought near again. Not only made
citizens, but children of God. Our pro-
vincialism is lost in our relation to the
universal Christ.
Are not these all mortal? How then
do they speak the language of the
deathless and the eternal? They do if, in
virtue of a new life imparted.
“ Blessed be the God, and Father of our Lord
Jesus Christ, who, according to His great
mercy begat us again unto a living hope by
the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the
dead, unto an inheritance incorruptible, and
undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved
in heaven for you, who by the power of God
are guarded through faith unto a salvation
ready to be revealed in the last time.”
Because He lives, we shall live also.
Therefore, in spite of appearances, our
citizenship is not in Galilee, but in heaven.
And though now and then our speech
bewrayeth our past, our assurance wit-
nesses to en endless future.

In'Remembrance of
Feb. 28, 1922.
A Gold Letter Day.
Our hearts are shrines whose golden bells
Invite the world to praise and pray ;
Our thoughts are aisles of asphodels
On Princess Mary’s wedding day.
Our prayers are golden candle beams
Above the altar where she kneels,
As golden organ notes, our dreams
Make answer to the golden peals.
What grace soe’er the skies enfold,
Or heaven’s alchemy imparts,
The streets shall shine with rays of gold,
From loyal eyes and loving hearts.
A. W.
(“Daily Chronicle.”)
69


A Chinese National
Christian Conference.
1. “The Present State of Christianity
in China ” ; chairman, the Right
Rev. L. H. Roots, D.D., of Hankow.
2. “The Future Task of the Church ” ;
with the Rev. C. E. Patton, of
Shanghai, as chairman.
3. “ The Message of the Church ’ ’ ;
under Rev. C. Y. Cheng, D.D., well-
known as President of the Chinese
Home Missionary Society, and Secre-
tary of the China Continuation Com-
mittee.
1. “The Development of Leadership for
the Work of the Church ” ; under
Mr. David Z. T. Yui, Ph.D., General
Secretary of the Y.M.C.A. in China.
5. “ Co-ordination and Co-operation in
the Work of the Church ” ; by the
Rev. C. G. Sparham, Secretary of
the Advisory Council of the London
Missionary Society in China.
As before stated, our Secretary and
Mr. and Mrs. T. Butler, will represent our
Church at this Conference.
Fine History.
and member of the Junior C.E., and who
for the past twelve months has renewed
her membership of the church and the
Y.P.S.C.E. Miss Louisa Ball has been
accepted by the Missionary Committee,
and is now on her way to China to take
up work at the United Methodist Medical
Mission, Wenchow. She is a trained
nurse, holding her C.M.B. and Royal
Sanitary Institute certificates. She has
had experience in general and mental
nursing, and during the last year has held
a post under the Cardiff Education Com-
mittee.*
A valedictory service was held in the
Miskin Street Church. Alderman C. PI.
Bird, J.P., presided. The Rev. William
Rodda, superintendent of the circuit,
delivered the valedictory address. Sir
William Crossman, J.P. (ex-Lord Mayor
of Cardiff), a greatly loved and honoured
member of the church, and the Rev. A. R.
Balman (pastor) also spoke.
R. T. C.
(From “C.E. Times,” by permission
of the Editor.)
* See W.M.A. Page W.
The outstanding characteristic of this
Conference, which is to be held at
Shanghai, May 2-11, is that whereas the
Conferences of 1890 and 1907 were essen-
tially meetings of missionaries, one half
of this will directly represent the Chinese
Christian Church. The “Chinese Re-
corder ” says :
“ In a world struggling painfully to
co-operate, this Conference will exhibit
interdenominational, international and
inter-racial co-operation. Such a demon-
tration will be particularly significant
for China at this time.”
Dr. J. R. Mott is travelling from
America to Shanghai for this Conference,
and he is also attending the World
Student Christian Conference at Peking'
in the present month.
The preparations for the Conference
are on lines made familiar by “ Edinburgh
1910.” The general subject for con-
sideration is “The Chinese Church,” and
it will be presented under five heads.
A Church with a
eUR Miskin Street Church, Cardiff,
has only about 150 members, but
it has a remarkable record for
“output.” Its story for the last twenty-
five years is worth telling.
The following young men have gone
out as ministers : Brigadier-General the
Rev. J. Penry Davey, C.M.G., the Rev.
John H. Squire, B.A., B.D., the Rev.
E. J. Welsher, M.C., the Rev. F. J.
Parry, and the Rev. F. H. S. Clapp. The
son of a former pastor is now a Congre-
gational minister—the Rev. C. Shepherd
Gibbs, B.A., B.D. In the formative
years of his life he was a member of the
Junior C. E. society and the Sunday school
at Miskin Street. Mr. T. L. Handley,
the son of one of the most devoted
workers and leaders of the church, is now
a preacher and Sunday school teacher in
Melbourne. All the above were naturally
members of the C.E. society, and they
gratefully testify to the great help the
society was to them.
The church has just bidden farewell to
another of its members, a young lady who
in girlhood days was a Sunday scholar
70


Isaiah 60
A Deputation
to Africa.
We have pleasure in receiving' a copy
of the “ Report of the Deputation to
West African Missions,” appointed by
the Primitive Methodist Conference. The
tour lasted from November, 1920, to
April, 1921, and the representatives were
the Rev. J. T. Barkby, Missionary Secre-
tary, and the Rev. J. H. Hirst, the
Secretary-designate.
The Report is well illustrated with
maps and photographs of people and
scenes, and is forceful testimony to the
extent and value of Primitive Methodist
Missions. Differing from the two other
sections, shortly with them to be blended
in one Church, they have no missions in
China. Hence Union will be particularly
welcome to them.
A mere glance at the book is sufficient
to indicate the weighty problems they had
to solve in their tour—conditions and
prospects, industrial missions, education,
language and literature, and the character
of the people and their influence on their
surroundings. The use of native teachers
and preachers, the condition and tenure
of property and co-operation with other
missions. We note the report has been
substantially adopted by the Committee
which gave them the commission. As is
well known, the occupancy is in Fernando
Po and Nigeria, and we note that the
total preaching places are 357, mission-
aries 16, and membership 4,365.
ISAIAH 60.
A Wonderful Missionary Manifesto.
There are in it only 22 verses and yet
there are 12 great missionary texts.
4.
APRIL.
Then thou shalt see and be radiant,
and thy heart shall throb and grow
large; for there shall be turned upon
thee the sea’s flood-tide, and the
wealth of the nations shall come to
thee.—(G. A. Smith).
Rev. J. T. Barkby.
Rev. J. H. Hirst.
[Favoit red by Mr. Barkby.
ft '' if * 4± I d i ! i' ■ KM
1 I a A 1


Edinburgh
House,
eUR readers will be glad to know
what is being done systematically
and regularly in what is called
Co-operative Missions- Those of us who
have been able to take part in its work-
ing are deeply impressed with its value,
and regard it as an immense privilege to
be associated with it.
From the “Edinburgh House Bulletin,”
which is issued three times a year, we
copy the following-:
"The whole Foreign Missionary enter-
prise is to-day confronted by new prob-
lems, bewildering alike in their number
and in their complexity and world-wide
range.'
For instance, in every continent govern-
ments are revising their policy of educa-
tion, especially in relation to subject
races. For this reason missionary educa-
tional policy has not merely to be ad-
justed, blit radically revised to relate it to
the new environment. To do so is vital
to the efficiency of our work in the future.
Again, the principle of self-determina-
tion has quickened the pulse of all Asia
and of Africa and is raising in a chal-
lenging form—especially in India and in
the Far East—the whole question of the
relation of the Mission to the indigenous
Church.
Then there are problems of an acute
and urgent nature connected with the
place of missions in the mandated terri-
tories, the future of the German missions
within the British Empire, the provision
of an adequate Christian literature to meet
the needs of the new generation in the
fields, the preparation of missionaries for
the more exacting demands of the post-
war world, the presentation of the appeal
of the missionary enterprise to the post-
war world at home, and a host of other
issues. ”
Then follows a description of the
comely building which has been secured
in West London, in which there is
centred and from which there radiates the
activities which are suggested and im-
plied in what is given above.
"Two floors of Edinburgh House are
occupied bv the headquarters of the In-
ternational Missionary Council, definitely
* 2 Eaton Gate, London, S.W.l
Its purpose and
programme.*
established at Lake Mohonk in October,
1921. It represents directly the co-opera-
tive regional Missionary Committees and
Councils in America, Great Britain and
Ireland, the continent of Europe (with the
present exception, of the German Com-
mittee), and in India, China, Japan,.
Africa, and Australasia. It therefore re-
presents most of the non-Roman Catholic
missionary forces of the world. Its
executive officers are Mr. J. H. Oldham,
M.A., and Mr. A. L. Warnshuis as joint
secretaries, and Miss G. A. Gollock, joint-
editor with Mr. Oldham of ‘ The Interna-
tional Review of Missions. ’ The con-
stitution of the International Missionary
Council has been dealt with in articles in
nearly all the missionary magazines and'
throughout the religious press, during the
past autumn. A complete record of the
results of the deliberations at Lake
Mohonk has been made in the ‘ Minutes
of the International Missionary Council.’'
In those Minutes a considerable number
of the great problems facing world-wide
missionary administration are raised and
defined. A careful reading of that booklet
and of the companion booklet containing
the papers which Sir Michael Sadler,
LL.D., Vice-Chancellor of Leeds Univer-
sity, Professor Paul Monroe, Ph.D.,
LL.D., of Columbia University, New
York, and Mr. J. H. Oklhamf contributed
to the discussion of the new and world-
wide crisis in education in the mission
field, will give to the serious student a
real grasp of the fundamental questions
facing missions to-day and to-morrow.”
* * * * *
“Two other floors of Edinburgh House
are occupied by the offices of the British
Conference, in which fifty-one Societies
and Committees co-operate. These Socie-
ties include practically all the missionary
organizations of Great Britain and Ire-
land, other than those of the Roman
Catholic Church. The executive officers
serving the Conference are its Secretary,
Mr. Kenneth Maclennan ; Mr. J. H. Old-
ham, who acts as Secretary of its Com-
mittee on Missions and Governments
(with Miss Hunter as assistant) ; Miss
Gollock, as Secretary of its Board of
I Both of these booklets may be secured from The
Bookroom, Edinburgh House. Total price Is. 6d.. post free.
72


“We Want Mr. Jesus”
* Studies for the Preparation of Mission-
aries ; and the Director of its Press
Bureau, Mr. Basil Mathews, M.A., who
also edits “Outward Bound,” which—
although the Missionary Societies have no
responsibility for its finance or control—
is the publication of the Far and Near
Publishing Company, which was floated
on the initiative and at the request of the
British Conference in order to produce
that magazine. That Company has Mr.
Kenneth Maclennan as its managing
director and the Rev. Nelson Bitton,
«, chairman of the Home Base Committee of
the British Conference, as one of its
directors.
The work of the British Conference is,
in the interval between its meetings, car-
ried on by a number of committees, e.g.,
the Standing Committee—[of which the
Rev. C. Stedeford is a member.—Ed.]—
which is the “Cabinet,” so to speak, the
Committee on Missions and Government,
the Committee on the Home Base, the
Committee on Education in the Mission
Field, the Committee on Christian Litera-
ture in the Mission Field, British Advisory
Board on Medical Missions, the Commit-
tee on Recruiting for the Mission Field,
the Committee on Work among the Jews,
and the Board of Study for the Prepara-
tion of Missionaries.”
* * * * *
“ On the top floor of Edinburgh House is
the United Council for Missionary Educa-
tion, of which the Rev. Nelson Bitton is
chairman and Mr. Maclennan is secre-
tary, and whose editor is Miss A. E.
Cautley.
The U.C.M.E. Is the recognised body
for the publication co-operatively of mis-
jp sionary educational literature, and is ap-
J pointed partly by the Conference (through
its Home Base Committee) and partly by
certain missionary societies direct. The
Council produces books and other publi-
cations graded from the very small child
to the adult and sells over 120,000
volumes a year. It is and has through-
out been financed entirely on its own sales
of literature.”
*****
“If this Christian fellowship in thought
and prayer failed the whole fabric would
collapse into ruin. Many times the fellow-
4 ship has been tested. It has felt the
severe strain and the stress of difficult
days. The war on the international side-
broke into it. Yet, so far from the fabric
as a whole becoming weaker, it is to-day
incomparably stronger.
We look forward confidently to its
deepening and to its expansion in the
days to come. For those who have
through the years shared and are now
sharing this Christian fellowship and
who have so often knelt together in the
felt presence of Almighty God wrestling
with seemingly insuperable difficulties,
the fellowship has become not only in
itself an inexpressibly precious posses-
sion, enriching and quickening the whole
life, but, above all, a supreme and con-
vincing experience of the reality of God
and an overwhelming proof that the work
of co-operation has His rich blessing and
divine approval.”
*Reprinted by permission of “Edinburgh
House.”
“ We Want
Mr. Jesus.”
A Wesleyan missionary in Haiderabad
received the following touching appeal
from an out-caste village :
“ To Padre Posnett Sahib,
Dear Father,—We are like children
lost in the dark jungle, and our lamp
has gone out. Your teachers visited us
and told us of Mr. Jesus, and we learnt
many songs, and our young men beat
the time and our women learnt to sing
of Mr. Jesus.
When we were all dying of influenza
the teacher came and did never-counted
help, and saved too many of us (sic),
never fearing anything.
So then we threw away all the idols
from our houses, for we had a mind to
worship Mr. Jesus. But we have no
lamp in this dark jungle, for the teacher
lives far away, and we earn only 3
pence in the shilling. If only teacher
come to live here he could help us
plenty. We are putting this petition at
your feet.
Muskuri Rayanna,
The village guard.
Sunkuri Rajalingham,
The village tax-gatherer.
Bagari Poshega,
The luggage-carrier. ”
73


Brigands in Shantung.
Rev. D. V. GODFREY.
EOPLE often ask the country mis-
sionary : “ Are you not wearied by
the monotony of your hard and
humdrum life ? ’ ’ The answer, so far as'
my sixteen months’ experience goes, is
that the life contains plenty of interest,
and if “a change is as good as a rest,”
the missionary is “as good as” resting
all the time. My time in Shantung may
roughly be divided into three periods :
September 20th to June 21st, the Period
of Drought; June to November 21st, the
Period of Flood ; November onwards, the
Period of Brigands.
Armed robberies have, as a matter of
fact, been fairly common ever since I
arrived ; but it is only during the last few
months that robbery has ousted the
weather as the favourite topic of conver-
sation in this neighbourhood.
On the borders of the immense district
which I am supposed to look after, con-
ditions are very serious-, and a number of
pitched battles have been fought between
robbers and soldiers, a battle sometimes
resulting in several tens of casualties.
Gradually the trouble has come nearer
and nearer. First a man was shot dead
a mile away; then a boy came into hospital
with a bullet lodged in his body. Four
men were abducted from a neighbouring
village, and only released on payment of
$3,000. Similar happenings marked each
day.
For a long time the robbers carefully
refrained from molesting Christians, or
the Christian headquarters, Chu Chia
Tsai. In this connection an interesting
story comes from a missionary friend in
Chinanfu. Down that way the brigands
rounded up a village, but found to their
consternation that their prisoners all pro-
fessed Christianity. So they examined!
them one by one. Any who could say the
Lord’s Prayer or .sing a hymn went free.
Those who could not had to buy their
lives. Exactly why Christians have been
left alone it is hard to say. The robbers-
may think that the Christians have
friends who could raise an outcry. Again,,
as the robber leaders are usually ex-
soldiers, who have resorted to robbery
simply because they could not get any
pay, they may leave us alone as being a
fairly just sort, who had nothing to do-
with oppressing them : on the contrary,
they can come to the hospital if they are-
sick or wounded, and we shall not even-
bother to cross-examine them.
Now Christians are no longer safe,,
though if they behave themselves they
are robbed as politely as possible. The
brigands are models of etiquette. The
following is an exact translation of a letter
nailed to the house door of one of our
members in this village :
“For two venerable gentlemen, Mr..
Change-council Bendthebow and Mr.
Boiling-fountain Bendthebow, to look at r
Whereas you rejoice in righteousness,
bestow what is good, and have not the
assurance to inflict injury, we borrow of
Mr. Change-council three hundred dollars
and of Mr. Boiling-fountain one hundred
dollars. Bring it to the grave on the
north side of the village in three days’
time. Bring it yourselves. In course of
time we will repay you. If you do not
The LONDON MISSIONARY
DEMONSTRATION, April 24,
CITY TEMPLE,
HOLBORN VIADUCT,
E.C.I.
Afternoon, HOME MISSIONS, 3.0.
Chairman: JAMES MACLAURIN, Esq. (Sheffield). Speakers: Rev. T. NIGHTINGALE,
Rev. J. LINEHAM, B.A., and Rev. T. SUNDERLAND (Secretary).
Evening, FOREIGN MISSIONS, 6.30.
Chairman: JAMES BARLOW, Esq., (Bolton). Speakers: The President (Rev. W. TREPPRY),
Rev. P. B. TURNER, Rev. C. E. HICKS.
(Sec advertisement on cover}.
74


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
bring it, we will afterwards manage the
business. Bring a lamp with you. We
will fire off a gun as the countersign.”
However, there is internal and external
evidence that this letter was written by
an amateur in the village, who is anxious
to make what he can under cover of the
robbers’ dread, and while their nearness
will disarm suspicion of others, I do not
think any real genuine brigand has
entered Chu Chia Tsai.
One wonders whether Miss Turner
ought to remain here. But she has no
fears, and I think no great cause for fear.
To take only the lowest ground of con-
fidence, captive foreigners would be
much more trouble than they were worth.
The worst of the whole matter is the
way tire Spirit of Brigandage spreads
and grows. I myself am badly infected,
and daily dream of kidnapping the
Deputation, and holding them up until we
get a doctor for Lao Ling and an evan-
gelist for Wu Ting.
P.S.-—The brigands are gone. The
soldiers are come. The note of the cornet
is heard in our land. May we be enter-
ing on a period of peace and progress.


By Mrs. J.
Mrs. Butler in Yunnan.
RITING on December 14th, from
Yunnan Fu, Mrs. Butler says :
“ We had a great reception here
last Friday. Mrs. Evans and her adopted
child went down the line one station. I
heard a voice shouting out, “ I want to
come in, when can I get to- you ” ; my
heart rejoiced. I ran to the window ; there
she stood. You can imagine what it
meant to us, and especially to me, to see
that face. She brought out her thermos,
and a tin of cakes., and refreshed us, and
in a short time we were at the outskirts
of this city. Nurse Raine and Miss Bar-
wick were at the end of the station, wav-
ing vigorously. Others came down to
meet us. It was a great time. We walked
up from the station, and when I came
through the little English garden and saw
the flowers, and stepped into the house,
tears came to my eyes. The wonder of
it ail, the thankfulness, the joy all rolled
into one great flood. The Evanses have
put us all up; we are a big family, but
very happy. Mr. and Mrs. Evans have
A. DOBSON.
built up a wonderfully nice little cause
here. We are surprised so much has been
accomplished in the short time. This
afternoon the women’s meeting was held,
at which 1 spoke, Mrs. Evans inter-
preting. The members of the Church
asked if they might give us a feast in
honour of our visit. This means a con-
siderable expense to them, and is a most
gracious act on their part. We accepted
their offer, and to-day we have had this
ceremonious hospitality. A Chinese feast
is a most wonderful affair ; three cooks
came and spent the whole of the morn-
ing ; sharks’ fins, pigeons’ eggs done up
in a marvellous maner. Twenty dishes
in all, besides lots of odds and ends.
What marvels 1 shall have to tell our
W.M.A. members when I get back. We
are being introduced into Chinese man-
ners and customs, and into Chinese dirt
and smells. When I go out I have to
carry scented handkerchiefs, very handy ;
the smell of Chinese cooking is indes-
cribable. I have had no relish for food
since I got here. Travelling is very diffi-


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
cult; the passage from Hong-kong to
Haiphong was a most uncomfortable jour-
ney ; it was in a small coasting steamer,
the worst boat running. My husband and
I had to sleep on the captain’s bridge, as
the only decent cabin was occupied by
three nuns. The high altitude is trying
to the heart, and I have suffered from it,
but Mr. Butler and Mr. Stedeford keep
fit.”
Continuing the letter later, Mrs. Butler
adds: “We have had great excitement
for two days. The Consul gave leave for
our party to travel on Saturday. There
is much unrest in the province, and the
mandarins are very chary of giving per-
mission for foreigners to travel from town
to town. The decision arrived at was that
Mr. Stedeford, Nurse Raine, Miss Bar-
wick, Mr. and Mrs. Mylne, and their little
daughter, should avail themselves of the
escort, and make for Tong Chuan. It will
be six days hard travelling. We hope to
follow later. I feel far from home, and
letters have not come through as yet,
neither has our luggage arrived. My love
to all our members.”
Rosa Kate Butler.
“ Waiting at Yunnan Fu.”
Mrs. Butler. (A few days later.)
yOU have already had the account of
our Christmas Eve festivities, but
our Christmas Day service was
wonderful. Thirty men, women and chil-
dren were baptized—it was most affect-
ing. On New Year’s Day there were
more baptisms and a sacramental service.
Most of the new converts attended the
weekly prayer meeting. Mr. Evans asked
each one to offer a short prayer. We
were told that their power of expression
was marvellous, though most of them
were praying in public for the first time.
The week of Universal Prayer is kept
here ; a meeting each night at different
places, and there have been good attend-
ances. Our little chapel was crowded on
Tuesday. To-day (Wednesday) as I
write, Mrs. Evans is holding her
Women’s Class. The women attend all
the services very regularly. When once
they take hold of Christianity they love it.
It seems so much to them, and they give
their teacher such love and confidence.
A great many in this province have the
small feet : it is a pitiful sight to see them
Morning’ Congregation, Yunnan Fu
Deputation land Missionaries in porch.
[T. Butler, Esq.
76


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
hobbling along, the foot being nothing
more than a hoof bandaged up. How un-
sightly it looks, despite their pretty little
embroidered shoes ; and what a disability
it is, especially to the hard-working
women who often carry heavy loads on
their backs.
On Boxing Day we went a picnic to
one of the mountain temples. We were
carried in chairs. It was all very interest-
ing. These temples are just pleasure re-
sorts ; there is nothing whatever sacred
about them. A priest lives there, with
one or two boys to wait upon him. They
are taught to read to him, and to burn
the daily incense in the different censers
in front of the various idols. A visitor
usually lights a stick of incense and puts it
in front of his favourite idol while he
bends down on one of the mats provided
for the ceremony. This is the only
obligation, and on feast days large num-
lters sometimes gather at the temples and
make a pleasure-day of it. Everything
connected with the temple is desolate and
neglected, the ground all round being
overgrown with weeds. It is a shock to
find what little care or reverence Con-
fucians and Buddhists have for their reli-
gion : there is not nearly so much here
as in Japan.
China is so badly governed ; there are
no leaders. Since the monarchy has been
overthrown there has been no real govern-
ment at all. It is a flock without a
shepherd.
We are still awaiting the consul’s con-
sent to go on to Tong Chuan, and we
must have a military escort as the country
is so disturbed. There is practically civil
war between the different provinces. Here
in Yunnan they have fought for a
republic, while in the north they are fight-
ing for a dynasty. To-day we hear that
there is a proclamation in the city, calling
up big forces of men to go out a few
days’ journey somewhere. No one seems
quite clear as to what they have to fight
for. Some think they are to fight a
former governor who fled from this city
twelve months ago. The soldiers are
doing more harm even than the bands of
robbers. They inflict the most unjust
punishments on suspected persons,
though they may be innocent. They are
arbitrary and cruel.
We are glad that the two young ladies
(Sister Amelia and Nurse Raine), the
Mylnes and Mr. Stedeford, are well on
their way to Chao Tong. We had a wire
on Christmas Eve from Tung Chuan ; and
to-day I have had a letter from Mr.
Stedeford. He said it had been a very
hard journey ; but he was going on to
Chao Tong as soon as he had recovered
sufficiently. He says our Christians are
suffering greatly through the unjust
measures of the soldiers, and have been
prevented from attending the annual
meetings. Even the robber bands are
less dreaded by the people as being more
humane than the soldiers. Mr. Evans
has had news of one of our Kopu Chris-
tian villages being entirely wiped out
recently, burnt to the ground by the rob-
bers. They go to a village and demand
so many thousand dollars, then they beg
or buy what they want from the villagers
in food. There are ten thousand of them
in this province. They go about in bands
of several hundreds, “seeking whom they
may devour,” and hiding in the moun-
tains. It is not a very inviting prospect
to start an eight days’ journey with only
a small company, is it? The mandarins
do not like the responsibility of giving
leave unless they know the roads are
clear. They get into trouble and some-
times lose their rank when travellers are
molested.
The missionaries, they say, do not run
the same risk as ordinary people. The
robbers are generally men of the cities
and villages round about driven to lawless-
ness to avoid soldiering, or who, after
joining the army, are driven to this life
by being kept entirely without money.
Many of them know the missionaries quite
well, or think they have nothing to lose,
so the robbers let them go unmolested.
My husband told Mr. Evans the other
day that he did not mind being robbed of
his money, but it would be the end of all
things if they took his wife !
So we are just waiting ; the matter is
out of our hands ; we cannot do more.
Our chairs were ordered and are made,
also our mosquito curtains for our beds.
We could soon pack up and are willing to
go : there we must leave it. The order-
ing of our journey is in Higher Hands
even than the mandarin’s power of con-
77


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
sent or refusal. Our visit to Yunnan Fu
will not have been in vain. We have
learned much.
Our love and New Year greetings to all.
R. K. Butler.
We know now that Mr. and Mrs. Butler
were not allowed to go the 12 days’
journey to Tong Chuan and Chao Tong.—
A.E.D.
Miss Louisa Ball.
HE Editor has asked me to write a
few sentences bearing on my call
tO' China. Now that I take up my
pen, I discover how difficult a thing it is
for one unaccustomed to writing to set
down in words one’s deepest feelings.
May I make a beginning by saying that
I owe very much more than I can say to
the early training I received in our Car-
diff, Miskin Street, Sunday School and
Junior C.E. Society.* My relationship to
the latter will always be linked to the
memory of the late Mrs. Bunstone, who
lived so sweet and serviceable a life
among us.
I gave my heart to Jesus when still a
child of eleven years of age. The Rev.
G. Cooper Hawken was then our minister.
* See p. 70.—Ed.
Miss Louisa Ball.
Ever since that hour of decision and con-
secration, 1 have had a desire to be of
service to Jesus in His vineyard.
While at the Ecclesall Hospital as a
probationer, a company of us were one
day sitting around the fire discussing our
future careers. I do not know that I had
before given serious consideration to the
subject, but now, when I put the question
to myself, the answer crystallised imme-
diately. I said that I would like to go to
China as a missionary. Another proba-
tioner confessed to a similar longing. In
her case the home call came ere her pur-
pose was fulfilled. Ever since that fire-
side talk, when as probationers we dis-
cussed our callings, this desire has
remained, and has grown more intense
with the years.
In offering myself for China, I feel that
I am pursuing the path God would have
me take. I know that it will not be an
easy way, but Christ’s followers are called
to service, not slothfulness. I go to
China because I believe God has work for
me to do among His children there. All
the while I have been training and g-aining
experience in hospital wards, in general
nursing, and in the school clinic, I believe
He has been fitting me for His service in
China. It will be a joy that I shall not
only minister to the body, but in many
ways by speech and service minister to the
deeper needs of the soul.
May I ask for the prayers of all our
people in the home churches, that my
ministry may be made- a blessing to those
among whom I am called to labour?
Louisa Ball.
Nurse Ball has been accepted for work
in our Wenchow Hospital, and sailed on
February 24th. She expects to arrive
about Good Friday.
The Rev. W. R. Stobie, District Secre-
tary, sends the following- resolution :
“That the Wenchow Executive has
heard with very great pleasure the news
from the Acting Secretary to our
Chairman—the Rev. J. W. Heywood—
of the acceptance by the F.M. Com-
mittee of Miss Louisa Ball, a fully-
accredited nurse, for work in Wenchow
Hospital. ”
78


Women’s Missionary Auxiliary
The late Mrs. Brook, a
beloved worker.
LTHOUGH we knew of her long
and trying illness, and are even
glad to realize that her sufferings,
so cheerfully borne, are over, yet the
■news of Mrs. Brook’s passing came as- a
.grief to many. For seven years she
served our Council as Foreign Corre-
sponding Secretary, and she served gladly
for the love she had for our missionaries
.at home and abroad. This office is no
sinecure, and, like all good work, can be
made a great blessing in the right hands.
It includes the collecting, packing' and
sending out of all the various “supplies,”
-contributed by the W.M.A. to the foreign
•stations. Mrs. Brook carried it on
through the most difficult years, the long
years of war. We miss- her at home, but
those abroad in our lonely stations who
received her bright letters so often will
regret hei loss keenly. She resigned
office in 1920, and has been ably suc-
ceeded by Mrs. Knight, the late Sam
Pollard’s sister.
Mrs. Brook passed away at Southport
â– on February 17th. Miss Ashworth at-
tended the funeral on behalf of our
Council. She writes :
“ I just felt I would like to be able to say a
loving Thank you for all those bright and
•cheery letters sent to our missionaries during
her seven years of Council office. I particu-
larly remember one very vivid missionary ad-
dress she gave a few years ago, her subject
being ‘ The Cross.’ She had a very serious
side to her nature, and her rich humour was
veritably a gift of God. Her passing was very
beautiful. She desired to take the Sacrament
about two days previously. Later, she asked
her husband, Dr. Brook, to read to her the
hymn :
“ Abide with me, fast falls the eventide,
The darkness deepens, Lord with me
abide.”
Thus she passed into the full realization
•of the abiding presence of the Lord.
Of her work as a circuit minister’s wife
and later, at the Manchester Theological
College, where the Doctor was- Principal,
we need not write. She was a fine type
of womanhood, and co-operated so fully
with her husband in his work that it is
hardly possible to think what he will do
without her. She was in the Civil Ser-
vice before her marriage, and her experi-
ence there was a great help in her later
secretarial work. The daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. David Annan, old time and long-
honoured members of our Bow Church,
her early years of Christian training in
London were fruitful of much blessing to
others. Her outlook was a wide one. I
quote from one of her last letters to me
apropos of Shuang Mei’s visit to England
and the future of our missionary work in
China :
“ When the folk see Shuang Mei at Con-
ference there will be a great impetus given to
the training of native workers. And I am
convinced that the solution of our difficulties
is in this directon. Of course, we shall have
to provide European oversight, but look at the
relief over questions of health, climate, con-
genial society, etc., etc., if we can use suita-
bly-educated native ladies.”
This just expressed her breadth of
charity and depth of knowledge. Far-
seeing, and then resolute in her endeavour
to reach the ideal she had glimpsed. Now
she sees the King in His beauty, and all
her life’s problems are solved.
I last saw her at Kilt-rasna, one of the
hostels in connection with our Edgehill
College. She was busy, for Bideford had
been entertaining the Council. My hus-
band had motored over to fetch me, and
Mrs. David Brook
79


The Stamp Bureau
we were bringing' Mrs. Butler and Miss
Ashworth back to Holsworthy for meet-
ings here. But the half hour at Kiltrasna
stands out as an ever pleasant memory.
To the last Mrs. Brook was the genial,
anxious hostess, so careful of our com-
fort, so diligent over our wraps, with a
special solicitude for the little invalid
member of the party who was having her
first outing.* How strange are life’s sur-
prises ! Mrs. Brook, our counsellor,
guide and friend, has gone, the strong
one on whom we all relied has been
called to higher service. At the moment
of writing, Mrs. Butler is away in China,
Miss Ashworth busy with her last year of
secretarial work in connection with our
Council, and the little invalid—not even
yet much more than an invalid—is writing
this simple tribute to the one we all loved
and honoured. Truly the ways of the
Lord are past finding out, but our trust
is in Him.
Annie E. Dobson.
Mrs. Stobie’s Appeal for Poe Chi,
in January “ Echo.”
“Anonymous, Castlemere,” has very
graciously given the £50 required for
“Precious Pearl’s” college training.
Will our home friends earnestly pray
that this young Chinese student may be
made a great blessing thereby, as a Chris-
tian teacher of music, etc., to the young
pupils under her care in the after years.
* The writer.—Ed.
Another lady, reading the appeal r
writes : “ I think there are many others
who would like to help. 1 enclose £1 to
help in a small way.
—“One deeply interested.”
From Our Post Bag.
Miss Barwick writes from Yunnan Fu :
“We conduct our Sunday School in one
of the Guest Halls. We teach the chil-
dren the hymns we used to have at home :
‘Gentle Jesus,’ and ‘Jesus Loves Me.’'
They love to sing, though they cannot
keep in tune. They send their love and
thanks for the little chairs which some
of you helped to get for them. They are;
so pleased to have them, and so am I.”
-9-
The Stamp Bureau.
Rev. F. COOPER,.
We have received hundreds of stamps
during the month. Some of them are of
little value, but they all help. Two boys
have sent their entire collection. In
another case over 2,000 stamps were
sent. We are grateful to all who have
responded to our appeal. It will be pos-
sible to raise a good sum for the Mission
Fund during the year if friends will go
on as they have begun. Send all sorts,
both British and Foreign. Your collec-
tion, if of sufficient value, may be re-
garded as a contribution from your own
church.
(62 Park Hill, Carshalton, Surrey.),
PROOF.
Through bondage I have earned the right to be
My master and my keeper—ever free.
My doubts begat a power to believe.
By giving I am worthy to receive.
Truth came to me through error’s darkened ways;
The blackest nights precede the golden days,
And happy smiles are born of tears and pain.
By losing only can I know of gain.
What further proof, then, need life try to give
That, dying, 1 shall find the way to live ?
In British Weekly. —Barbara Hollis.
80


Meeting the Deputation,
and others. Rev. c. n. mylne.
DOUBTLESS the Deputation will
write “its” account of “its”
travels, but there is another half.
In Chinese, the Deputation is dumb, and
needs interpreters. “ It ” can rub along- on
British steamers, and French railways up
to the Terminus. But beyond, stretch
regions of our field, among people who
neither know, nor care, about foreign
tongues.
Happening to live half-way between the
extreme borders of our work, it falls to
us to bring the Deputation on the first
half of its journey. This means an eight-
day trip, or less, or more, as circumstances
occur.
Years ago, under Manchu tyranny, if
we wanted to
travel, we went.
But now, so folks
say, we have a
Republic, and are
free. In proof of
this, should we
want to go out of
sight of the city
we must ask per-
mission from the
Mandarin. De-
lighted to prove
that it is indeed
a free country,
he has, this last
year, stopped us
from doing any
work outside of
the city walls.
However, it is

A preaching tent at Yunnan Fu.
Within, Mr. Evans, the Secretary; on right, Mr. Mylne.
there, as the man said when the-
factory wall fell in his garden. So-
round we trot to His Worship, and)
deferentially ask for permission to go and
meet the Deputation. He must be a rude
and ignorant fellow, for he isn’t at all
impressed with the honour the Deputation
will confer on his city. In fact, he looks
all kinds of naughty things. But, out-
wardly, he is most polite, and after en-
larging on the dangers of the roads, the
thousands of brigands, etc., he promises
to provide an escort on December 5th. On
the 3rd he sends round to say that some-
members of the Provincial Parliament are-
leaving for the Capital Citv on the 6th,
will I kindly delay a day, so that one escort
[T. Butler, Esq., J.P.
May, 1922.


Meeting the Deputation and others
J
will cover both parties. The next day
comes another message, the M.P. ’s are
not going till the 8th, which is exaspera-
ting.
Hearing that an agent of a tobacco
company is passing through, we pay him
a call to see how he is managing. He
also has been asked to delay, but says that
he has told the Mandarin that he is
leaving the next day—escort or no escort
—or this is what it amounts to, put in mis-
sionary language. He preaches the Gos-
pel according to St. Nicotine, and, as far
as converts go, Methodists are not on the
same map with him. Again the Mandarin
sends, asking us to delay till December
10th, but this time we must go, or our
business will never get forward. So the
Mandarin hustles the M.P.’s, and we start
on the 8th. The first evening out was a
warning against trusting Oriental prom-
ises. As we had delayed a day or so to
please him, the Mandarin had promised
that the escort should find us the best
“hotels” on the road. Arrived, we found
every decent place occupied, and, after a
long hunt, had to be content with a low,
dingy, rat-infested den, 8 feet by 10 feet,
with a window nearly 12 inches square.
This provided quarters for six of us.
Whew ! ! !
The second day out we are able to
study our fellow travellers. We are a
large and queer collection, travelling to-
gether, because a large military escort
happens to be on the road. The escort
numbers about two hundred soldiers. We
should like to hear the opinions of a
British officer on these soldiers, though it
would probably be necessary to get him
out of public hearing. Kit, uniform,
marching order, all would excite his
wrath, but chiefly, what passes for disci-
pline. Of course, in a Republic, even sol-
diers may go-as-you-please, and they do.
The captain, a very nice fellow and quite
a gentleman, had little authority over his
uniformed rabble. On one occasion we
saw a fierce squabble between two com-
panies, over the alleged misconduct of a
soldier. Shouts of “Kill him,” “Smash
his head,” and mutual unprintable curses
were flying to and fro. When bloodshed
seemed certain, the officer came along and
said soothingly, “There now, don’t make
a fuss, just separate quietly.” He talked
like this for ten minutes, nobody taking
the least notice, so he walked off. Along
the road, should anyone dare to oppose
one of the soldiers, he is set upon by
several who beat him with their rifles.
The officers may order them to desist, but
they will first spend their rage and malice
on the poor unfortunate.
Any believer in militarism should travel
with New China in uniform. It takes
decent lads and turns them into ruffianly I
bullies, while it turns the lower type of
Oriental into something more dangerous
than a wild beast, because drilled and 4
armed with a rifle. No wonder the people
say, “ May the gods defend us from being
defended by such defenders.” Each mili-
tary detachment is its own press-gang for
labour purposes. Frequently we saw men
and boys, forcibly taken, often at bayonet
point, from field or home, to carry heavy
loads perhaps for a two days’ trip, to be
dismissed without remuneration. The sol-
diers are the curse of the province—and
yet there is something to be said on their
side. They are none too well fed,
wretchedly clothed and underpaid, with
pay, as a rule, much in arrears. They
probably feel that, in a country where all V
grab for themselves, they will fare badly
unless they hector and bully people.
To the foreigner they assume an air of .
contemptuous indifference which some-
times covers real hostility. On every pos-
sible occasion we tried to make contact
with them. Some were openly rude, some
turned away with a scornful grin, others
simply refused to answer any inquiry,
however polite, but many became quiet
friendly. Quite a few of them before the
end of the trip would go out of their way
to render small courtesies. We remind y
ourselves that, whether contemptuous, or
hostile, or friendly, they are human and
the children of God. It is our business to
find a way to their hearts. But whatever
their attitude, they one and all envy us
our leather boots and leggings. If only
they could procure such additions to their
meagre uniform wouldn’t they swagger?
Because of the soldiers we have a very
large party. Several dozen sedan chairs
have come, some carried by four men,
some by three or two men. Wonderful
fellows are these chair coolies, but if
further information is desired, please see i
our unpublished article on “ Chair Coolies
and others.”


Meeting the Deputation and others
Now and again along the road we meet
with the M.P.’s aforesaid. They are a
motley crew. Some are drugged with
opium, some belong to the old school of
pre-Republican days, with charming cour-
tesy and perfect manners, while others
have just finished schooling, and are quite
sure that they can put everything right,
a feeling we all get at a certain stage in
life, and hold it until the hard knocks of
•experience show us what duffers we are,
We can, however, make allowances, for
the youth of China, for new freedom is
sometimes a heady wine.
We never take a journey in China but
we wish that there was a strong and
energetic branch of the R.S.P.C.A. (or
its republican equivalent) at work. One
pities the lot of the poor little mountain
ponies, doing long marches, with a mini-
mum of food, and often carrying tremen-
dous loads, which they must sustain until
they drop dead by the roadside, when they
are left to the carrion crows. The drivers
cannot see any connection between reli-
gion and kindness to animals, in fact, the
Christian attitude appears to. them to be a
certain evidence of softening of the brain.
Our often indignant protest against the
heartless cruelty shown to dumb animals
strikes the Chinese mind as a most de-
licious. joke. For months after they will
â– chuckle at the thought of a foreigner
raving about a horse.
Ten years ago, when we travelled this
road, opium was in a fair way to being
totally suppressed. But now it is. dis-
played and sold as openly as food, and by
night the inns reek with the fumes from
scores of pipes.. As we move along the
roads we see acres and acres laid out with
the opium poppy. The loosening of re-
strictions is chiefly due to the need of the
various political factions to equip and
maintain large military establishments.
But the recrudescence of the habit is also
a condemnation of the too sudden and too
drastic suppression carried out a decade
since. Hailed by the thoughtless as a
great moral victory it was really a blun-
der. Suddenly to deprive millions of
people of their chief outlet, without pro-
viding any mental or physical equivalent
is not a moral revolution, it is foolishness.
Therefore, not being morally reformed,
but onlv forcibly restrained, millions have
renewed the habit with abandon. Opium
83
must be suppressed before the soul of
China can be saved, but alongside of sup-
pression we must construct a new life to
occupy and inform both body and mind.
This is the only true and permanent
suppression.
The innkeepers along the roads have
fallen on evil days. For this they blame
the military, who they say walk in, occupy
the best rooms., take all the bedding, use
all the fuel, and if this is insufficient, burn
the furniture. If they pay anything, it is
only a nominal sum ; else nothing at all,
with perhaps a few kicks and curses to
flavour it. Frequently when departing
they have put the inn bedding on. their
pack-horses and coolly walked off with
it. One of the officers assured us that
though this has occurred in “past” days,
it does not happen now. But the obvious
fact to all travellers is that the best inns
of former days are now shut up, and those
still open are dirtier and more uninviting
than ever. Said one of our party to mine
host one evening, “See Lao-pan, if you
believed our doctrine, you would have
peace at heart and forget your troubles.”
“Let people pay me what is due,” he
grumbled, “that’s the doctrine I believe
in.” He and his class have good reason
for feeling sore.
Going to meet the deputation and
others we had expected to meet thousands
of ferocious, bloodthirsty brigands. In
fact, we had prepared especially for the
Echo a thrilling account of how we were
hemmed in by the rebels, how we charged
them, how our horse was twice shot under
us, once through the tail and once through
the ear, how we-------but there, it was all
spoilt by the lack of one little detail—we
never caught sight of a solitary brigand.
So bang goes another story of the days
when knights were bold.
After five forced marches we found our-
selves 35 miles from rail-head. Query,
Should we go in one day, or, as usual, in
two? After five days of filthy inns, mili-
tary bullies and Chinese food, we were,
as the poet says, “fed up,” and told the
captain that our fixed resolve was to reach
rail-head on the morrow, even if it snowed
volcanoes. As the M.P.’s were like-
minded, we agreed to do so. Talking
with some of the soldiers about it, they
objected to doing the journey in one day.
“But,” we said, “the captain has decided


The Observatory
to go.” “Oh ! him," was the rejoinder ;
“there’s a big crowd of us, and if we don’t
want to go, we shan’t go.” (Please ask
that major not to talk so loudly.) How-
ever, they went, in one day, and we met
the Deputation, and others, including a
little maiden of four summers, who
greeted us with the pleasing reproach,
“ Daddy, you have been away a long
time.’* Oh! yes, there are compensa-
tions, even when meeting the Deputation,
and others.
* Mrs, Mylne was detained in America because of illness.
We rejoice in her recovery, and that she was also there.
—Ed.

-A-

The Observatory.
The EDITOR.
The Deputation.
E received a letter from our
esteemed friend the Secretary on
April 10th, and a sentence there-
from will phrase our personal regret as
to the absence of further record of the
doings of the Deputation.
“ 1 hoped to be able to send you some
notes by this post, but it cannot be done.
I am having a busy and strenuous time.
(Then at Chaotong.) My brethren do not
aliow me time for writing. I had a won-
derful time among the Miao. . . To-
morrow I start on my tour through the
Nosu district. I shall be there for eight
days. . . I am glad to say I am quite
fit.'”
The Treasurer.
We are delighted to note that the long
presidency of the Sheffield Sunday School
Union by our friend Mr. Joseph Ward
—ten years—has been gracefully recog-
nised by the presentation of his por-
trait in oils. The ceremony took
place at the 110th annual meeting
of the Union, and the Lord Mayor, who
is president this year, made, the presenta-
tion. Mr. Ward had a great reception
when he rose to respond. The portrait he
had pleasure in handing back to be hung
on the walls of Montgomery Hall.
Movements of Missionaries.
We have previously reported on Mr.
Yunnan Fu. See the distant hills.
[Thos. Butler, Esq., J.P.
84


Isaiah 60
4,
i
1
4-
Goldsworthy, who reached Yunnan about
Christmas. Mr. Sheppard left our shores
on January 6th, and arrived at Ningpo on
February 17th. He was not only wel-
comed at the pier by Mr. Redfern and Mr.
Bates, but Mr. Butler was also there to
receive him. Six weeks is a record pas-
sage.
Mrs. Ratcliffe and her boys, Mr.
and Mrs. Hopkins and Jack set sail from
London, January 26th, and landed on
February 19th, after “a very speedy but
not a particularly enjoyable voyage of
only 23 days,” to quote from Mr. Hop-
kins’ letter of February 23rd.
Miss Lettie Squire and Miss Li Shuang
Mei sailed on February 17th, and were ex-
pected to arrive about April 8th. Then
on February 24th Nurse Louisa Ball
started for her first time at sea, and we
assume she would reach Wenchow about
Good Friday.
“May our Lord Jesus Christ be near
them to defend, within them to refresh,
around them to preserve, before them to
guide, behind them to justify, and above
them to bless. Amen.” (Tenth Century.)
Movements of the Deputation.
Our readers will recall that Mr. and
Mrs. Butler were separated from Mr.
Stedeford by force of prevailing condi-
tions. It is evident now that they spent
the time in Shanghai and the principal
cities in the neighbourhood : the most
convenient and congenial being Ningpo
and Wenchow. Classic ground. The
paragraph above reveals a guiding light.
About the end of February the Secretary
would join them in Shanghai, and they
would go together to Wenchow. They
were due in Ningpo on March 28th.
April would be used for this district. The
Conference in Shanghai commences on
May 2nd, and continues till the 12th.*
About May 15th they will wend their way
to North China, where everybody knows
we have a substantial work in two pro-
vinces—Chihli and Shantung. During the
present month let our thought and prayer
concentrate on the Ningpo District. For
the statistics, of Wenchow and Ningpo, in
the province of Chekiang, see page 25,
February.
* See page 70. April.
A legacy.
With great joy our Treasurer has
received from Messrs. Mawdsley and
Hadfield, solicitors, Southport, a legacy
left by the late Miss Fanny Townsend, of
1 Palatine Road, Birkdale, viz., £1,000
for Home and Foreign Missions. May
the number of Wills, thus adorned,
multiply.
Our work in the world.
V.—Western Africa (Sierra
Leone).
In this British colony and the
Hinterland we have the following:
Churches .............. 24
Missionaries—
European 1
African 11 1 2
Adult members 2529
Junior members ... 1273
Members on Trial 285
Total adults 2814
Sunday Schools 18
Teachers ... 89
Scholars 1050

ISAIAH 60.
A Wonderful Missionary Manifesto.
Twenty-two verses only and yet there are
twelve great missionary texts.
MAY.
5.
And strangers shall build up thy
walls, and their kings shall minister
unto thee. Thy gates shall be open
continually, that men may bring
unto thee the wealth of the nations.
For that nation and kingdom that
will not serve thee shall perish.
85


Our Continued Call
to North China. Rev. W. O. SMITH.
PROBABLY every serious student of
our missionary problems has de-
bated the question with himself,
whether it would not be better for the
United Methodist Church to have only one
mission field instead of five. If only we
could pour all our resources of men and
money into a single enterprise, should we
not be saved from many bitter things that
now afflict us? We should be saved, for
instance, from the hateful dilemma of
having to balance the claims of one field
against those of another ; from the hard
task of trying to be interested at one
time in half a dozen critical situations in
different parts of the world ; and, in part
at any rate, from the humiliating sense of
the inadequacy of our labours that now
oppresses us in regard to every field we
occupy. Moreover, would not the gain
in power and efficiency in that one field
outbalance any loss of extent that would
be involved? Since we have a limited
blood-supplv, would it not be better that
what we have should be pumped into one
artery rather than into five?
Well, doubtless, if we could begin our
missionary task all over again, as a
United Church, we should plan it dif-
ferently. We should probably make
things rather easier for ourselves, though
it does not follow that we should better
serve the Kingdom of God. In any case
there is a logic of history that cannot be
brushed aside. We must not argue the
matter as though there were no provi-
dence of God. Into every one of our mis-
sion fields our fathers felt themselves dis-
tinctly called to enter ; we dare not say
they were wrong, and I imagine that the
more deeply we think about our tasks,
and the more earnestly we pray about
them, the more assuredly shall we feel
called to continue where our fathers
began. God has seen to it that we are
too deeply committed in every one of our
main fields to find withdrawal possible.
And, after all, arteries go down into
limbs ; they end in hands and feet that
serve and nourish the body. That surely
is the truer metaphor for our mission
enterprises ; they are not organs that
drain away our strength but those by
which we live, and it would be a poor sort
of cure for heart-weakness that came by
cutting off the limbs.
We are not likely, I think, to perform
this latter operation upon ourselves. We
shall continue to accept as our God-given
task the cultivation of the fields that are
our heritage from the past. But while
we are not likely deliberately and con-
sciously to cut away any part of our mis-
sion responsibilities, there is very grave
danger of our bringing about the same
result without designing it. Whenever
the work in any one part of our vast fieldl
is particularly emphasised in our home
propaganda, it inevitably follows that the
other parts fall into the background for a
time in the thought of our people, and'
even in the plans of the Missionary Com-
mittee. The danger to be avoided is that
any part of our field should be kept in the
background too long, with its needs un-
noticed or little heeded, until some crisis-
is precipitated that may threaten the
whole enterprise. There is no immediate
likelihood of this happening, but there is
sufficient danger in our present situation
to call us to take precaution betimes lest
it should happen in the near future.
During the last few years Yunnan and'
Meru have absorbed most of our atten-
tion, and it was quite right they should.
Who can think of Yunnan especially,,
without feeling that its utter need, its
limitless possibilities, its neglected con-
dition, give it the first claim upon our
thought? For the moment Yunnan is the
field of greatest romance for the home
church. If we doubled our forces there
we should still be doing less than we
ought to do for her people. But while
our interest has been richly focussed upon
these newer fields, is it not true that the
older fields have lost somewhat the place
they ought to hold in our thought ? I am
thinking particularly of North China. The
editor has kindly given me the privilege
of writing a few words of advocacy on
behalf of this our oldest mission enter-
prise, and I think such special advocacy
86


Our Continued Call to North China
is timely. Our people are getting into
the habit of taking North China for
granted ; of thinking that the work there
will go on with fair efficiency and success
without any special stimulants, or too
much anxious attention. There is real
danger in this attitude, especially if it
becomes a settled habit of mind. Let me
then, with such knowledge and skill as I
have, put the case as it appeals to me.
What is the nature of our task in North
China? Not simply that of preaching the
Gospel to people who have never heard
of it before. That, of course, is still part
of our task, and there is yet unlimited
scope for doing it in this region ; but the
mission has long got past the stage when
the evangelization of people who have
never heard of Jesus can be regarded as its
only business, or even its main business.
Our task is that of training a community
that already accepts the Gospel, into
Christian habits of life and thought, of
developing, within them a church-con-
sciousness, or a Kingdom-consciousness,
if the term be preferred, that will make
them as powerful a factor in the life of
China as our own Church has been in the
life of England. We have to do this in
a region where it is absolutely essential
that the religion of Jesus should have a
firm hold if China is ever to be won for
Jesus. Tientsin is a city where all the
forces of European civilization are making
their deepest impression upon the life of
China. There our battle is, or soon will
be, not only with the original heathenism
of China, but with the paganism of
Europe also. The same is true to a less
degree of the region North and South of
Tientsin where our work lies. Here there
will probably be immense changes in the
direction of Western “progress” during
the next generation, and a vigorous Chris-
tian community here will be a mighty in-
fluence in Chinese life. It is our task to
build up that community. We need above
all an educated Chinese ministry of the
highest order, and that means a more
numerous English ministry in North
China than we have at present.
It is true that other mission societies,
in many respects better equipped than
ours, are on this field ; but it is also true
that all the service being rendered by all
the English and American societies put
together is far less than the importance
of the field demands. We have our firm
footing and our great traditions in this
region. We cannot pass them on to
others, neither can others do our work.
While the first obvious romance has gone
r.
City Chapel Dispensary, Yung Ping Fu, North China.
87
[Dr. A. Fletcher Jones.


The Prayer Union
â– out of this undertaking, the deeper
romance remains. Nobody who is familiar
with the story of the mission can doubt
our original call to this field ; and nobody
who tries seriously to understand the
facts of the present, and the prospects of
the future, can doubt our continued call
to remain.
The danger is that our North China
mission should presently be starved for
lack of men. We have seven men
stationed there now as against nine at the
time of Union. Of those seven, two have
â– been in China nearly forty-five years. In
the very nature of things these honoured
brethren must soon retire. There is
â– scarcely time even now to get younger
men even partially equipped for work in
this field before the burden of years will
make it imperative that these noble ser-
vants of our Church should lay down their
work. Of the remaining five brethren,
two have been in China thirty years and
two over twenty ; the other one has only
just gone out. There is almost a genera-
tion between the latest recruit and the one
with the next shortest term of service.
The situation for the mission is really
â– dangerous ; it might at any moment be-
come disastrous. The death of Dr. Purves
Smith this year has been a very great loss.
It means that the mission is now woefully
•understaffed even for the purpose of sus-
taining its normal activities without
attempting to make any progress at all.
The Mission Committee are helpless if
volunteers from our younger ministry are
lacking. The problem of men is even
more acute for the moment than the
problem of money. This is the problem,
â– of course, in every field, but the need of
North China now is paramount.
When Cecil Rhodes was manipulating
the diamond industry of South Africa in
its early days, he calculated that the
world spent on the average £4,000,000
(four millions) on diamonds every year.
All his schemes were based upon what he
had found to be the relatively unchanging
factor of the world’s spending power. If
diamonds were dear, fewer were bought;
if cheap, more, but always up to the same
amount of- money. There are those who
look for an unchanging factor like that in
our missionary contributions, suggesting
that our people can and will spare so
much and no more for this great work.
“So,” they urge, “we must cut our coat
according to the cloth ” (blessed phrase,
so often covering our faithlessness).
Some of us, on the contrary, feel that it
is not with missionary giving as it is with
diamond buying, so much to be spared
and no more ; but rather that our gifts
are greater or less according to the state
of our hearts, and that if there are limits
to our power of sacrifice we are not yet
within sight of them. When we are really
moved by the appeal of North China and
of our other fields, we shall give both our-
selves and our money in a way that will
make the most lavish generosity of the
present seem like niggardliness.
'T’
The Prayer Union.
And now I go to Jerusalem under the
binding force of the Spirit. What will
befall me there I do not know.-—Acts 20 :
22. (Moffatt.)
Probably most of the difficulties of
trying to live the Christian life arise from
attempting to half live it.—Henry Drum-
mond.
Hymns.
From Thee all skill and science flow.
At even ere the sun was set.
Eternal Lord of earth and skies.
May 7.—The Deaconess Institute. An-
nual meeting, the 8th. The Rev. T. Sun-
derland. P. 16 in Report.
May 14.—W.M.A. Council at Halifax,
16th and 17th. Mrs. Wood and Miss
Ashworth. Pp. 64-6 . John 20 : 11-18.
May 21.—Methodist Union week. Rev.
Henry Smith, Secretary. Romans 12.
May 28.—West Africa. Rev. W. S.
Micklethwaite (on furlough). Pp. 59, 60.
Psalm 8.
Let us pray—
For the Church in the Mission Field.
That she may be ever more closely knit
to the Church at home in fellowship of
service of God the Father of all mankind.
That she may not stumble by reason of
the sins of the nations that are called
Christian, but may turn her eves to Him
from Whom the whole family in heaven
and earth is named.
88


Methodist Missions in
the Dream-church.
IT fell to the lot of some of us to gather
at a consultation between representa-
tives of the W.M., P.M., and U.M.
Foreign Missionary Committees, on
Methodist Union. Great was our privi-
lege. The cordial and fraternal feeling
displayed was prophetic for the coming
days. There are many British reasons,
social reasons, religious reasons why
Union should be consummated, but not
one so weighty and cumulative as the one
found in our united purpose in the exten-
sion of the Kingdom of Christ in the whole
world.
The inevitableness of Union is illustra-
ted in our mission centres. We simply
use the term “ Methodist ” to describe our
Churches, our Schools, our Hospitals.
What doth hinder the same progressive
thought here?
So what may Methodism be in the
Church which is yet a stately dream ?
When the prefixes—Wesleyan, Primitive,
United—are no longer essential ; all our
offerings to our Saviour merged in one
exchequer ; all the missionaries sent from
one mission house ; and their location and
service guided by one Committee. If the
dream-church should never materialise—
which God forbid—we may deem it pos-
sible, nay, probable, that the three
churches might so far realise their com-
mon origin and find their common
THE EDITOR.
brotherhood as to unite organically in a
peaceful attack on the strongholds of
heathenism and unbelief in China, India,
and Africa. The dear folk we are trying
to win for Christ happily know little of
our strange divisions. They would then
know less.
In this appeal, for such it is, the facts
adduced are common facts, extracted
from the Minutes of Conference of the
three sections of British Methodism.
1. Methodism is represented in four
countries of Europe beside Britain : four
of Asia : fourteen of Africa : three of
America. In all these immense areas there
is only overlapping or duplication in two
out of twenty-five. Surely a destiny has
shaped our ends—for Union. And when
the dream of Union has passed into vivjd
reality none will thank God more than
the members with a passion for the con-
version of the world.
2. When we consider the number of
either operating centres or missionaries
the Wesleyan Church stands supreme,
even over a combination of the other two
churches, and we gladly and gratefully
acknowledge this—for their sake and
ours. They have followed nobly and well
the motto of our common founder—•“ The
world is my parish.” They have trodden
this road since before the days of painful
division, and we want to help them to
The largest Wesleyan hospital in the world. Mysore.
Was built without cost to the Home Committee. [Favoured by “ The Foreign Field."


Students’ Missionary Demonstration
tread it when all heart-burnings have
“left not a rack behind.”
To take the Mission House as an illus-
tration. Who that knows the tender his-
tory of 24 Bishopsgate is not thrilled as
he thinks of the forethought, wisdom and
generosity enshrined in that building? To
be jealous or envious would be a.s foolish
as it is impossible. No ! in the name of
our common Master we pray for an op-
portunity of sheltering under so spacious
a roof-tree—figuratively even more than
literally—that we along with them may
better fulfil our destiny as missionary
enthusiasts.
JJnited, we shall fulfil our ideal. Each
will inspire and intensify the zeal of the
other sections. By way of illustration :
Has not the glorious work initiated by
our ex-B.C. friends in West China
aroused the other two sections to greater
ardour on behalf of missions, and has not
the ex-B.C. Church been led to look at
something bigger even than one great
province of China? We have all, since the
never-to-be-regretted Union of 1907, more
and more been led in the direction of hold-
ing that the slogan of those who know’
Christ is “The world for Him,” with the
inevitable corollary that we must ourselves
do more towards the accomplishment of
the truly gigantic task.
In the dream-church we shall circulate
in this land and others as Methodists—
historic and felicitous word!—and in
whatever land or language our representa-
tives may speak, we shall as one Church
be establishing the Kingdom of God and
His righteousness in the hearts and homes
of men, and doing it with added force.
We of the younger branches may address
ihe Wesleyan Church in Whittier’s words
in “ Our River ” :
And thou, O Mountain-born ! no more
We ask the wise Allotter
Than for the firmness of thy shore,
The calmness of thy water.
The cheerful lights that overlay,
Thy rugged slopes with beauty,
To match our spirits to our day
And make a joy a duty.
<3§s»
Students’ Missionary
Demonstration.
HE Students held their annual demon-
stration on Wednesday, March 8th,
at the Trafalgar Church, Ashton-
under-Lyne. In the afternoon Councillor
Godbert, M.A., of Culcheth, presided.
Mr. D. H. Smith and Mr. A. A. Conibear
(students*) were the speakers. Mr.
Smith’s address was entitled “The Mis-
sionary Challenge and its Acceptance.”
He spoke with power and conviction of
the challenge w'hich came to our own
Church and reminded his audience again
and again of the absolute necessity of per-
fecting our missionary organisation. Mr.
Conibear’s subject was: “The claims of
China.” He emphasised the new position
which obtained in China to-day due to
her rapid awakening. Her renaissance,
he said, had come and she was now pass-
ing through a process of spiritual re-
generation. Now was the time for the
Christian Churches of the West to put
forward their best endeavours in the
cause of China’s evangelisation,
*Both have offered for the Mission Field—Ed.
A tea was given by Mr. G. Blyth, the
proceeds going to the Students’ Mission-
ary Fund.
Mr. C. Lawton, of Lees, Oldham, pre-
sided over the evening meeting.
The speaker for the evening was Rev.
C. E. Hicks from S.W. China. Mr.
Hicks spoke on
THE CALL OF CHINA.
I would like to express my appreciation
of the honour which the students of our
College have conferred upon me in asking
me to come. I do not know that I have
any qualification for standing in this place
and addressing this meeting. One has
no particular opportunity in South-West
China for practising in one’s own tongue,
but I am glad nevertheless of the oppor-
tunity of speaking to such an audience as
this, not about my own work particularly
but in the interests of the Chinese people.
One might speak of the whole mission and
tell a great story. One might speak of
a particular section of the mission with
90


Students’ Missionary Demonstration
which one is connected and tell a great
story. But I do not wish to speak on
those lines : I want to act as the ambas-
sador of the Chinese people to the people
of England. I will speak on the call of
China.
I remember about 24 years ago taking
a journey in S.W. China. I happened to
be sitting by the roadside waiting for my
boy who was preparing my lunch, and just
then there came along a pedlar carrying
a load of crockery, and he came and sat
beside me and he said : “ I suppose, sir,
you have come over here to learn what our
great country has to teach.” That was
25 years ago*. There has been a great
•change since then. China has passed
through a great experience, a painful ex-
perience. She has found that her ancient
civilization and her old methods are not
able to stand against modern methods.
To put it picturesquely, I remember the
time when the Chinese armed themselves
with bows and arrows to save their coun-
try from attacks of foreign powers. But
those days are gone. Now there has
come a call from China—young- China—
from young men and young- women,
thoughtful young men and educated
young women. They call their movement
“The Birth of China.” Their leader said,
“Christianity is a religion of life.” He
has also said our attitude to the Christian
Church should be one of deep-seated ap-
preciation. The Chinese people are a
great race. They are people who in the
early days of their history erected an altar
to God. They are people who formed a
high idea of God’s sublimity. They have
said, “ Only the holy man can worship
God because only the holy man has virtue
akin to God.” I believe that the great
task of Christian missions is to take these
Chinese conceptions and graft them into
Christianity, and by so doing the whole
world will be greatly enriched. We must
take the Chinese by the hand and lead
them to the Cross of Christ.
There is another call coming from China
to-day beside that of the young people of
China, and that is the call of the Chinese
Christian Church. It has only about 100
years’ history—at least the Protestant
Church has. The Free Churches in Eng-
Back Row—
Second Row—
N. H. Baker
Front Row— A.
A. A. Conibear
I. Scott
J. S. Yearsley
F. Doar
S. Luke A. Reece D. H. Smith H. Squire
E. J. Hough I. J. Townsend F. Cottrell
G. Burgon H. E. Hamblin
J.Jackson
K. W. May
G. Nottle
Brown Rev. Prof. G. G. Hornby,
M.A.. B.D.
Mr. W. Clunne-Lees Rev. Prin. J.
Prof, of Elocution
Rev. Prof. E. W. Hirst, C. G. Sheward
M.A., B.Sc.
T. Brewis, C. G. Dunkerley J. E. Sandbach
B.A., B.D.
91



Mui Tsai
land have a membership of two millions,
the Protestant Church in China to-day has
a membership of four hundred thousand
and is growing rapidly. I sometimes won-
der whether it will call us to help or call
us to follow. It has a great conception
of unity—there are no denominations
there. The chief work of the missionary
to-day is to hide in the Church and help
to develop it. It wants some of our
greatest men.
After a service some little time ago a
young Chinese came along to me and
said, “We had a good time, hadn’t we,
sir? ” I tell you it is good to hear those
old-fashioned Methodist phrases spoken
in a foreign tongue in far-off China.
If the Churches of the West could make-
some great sacrifice—I do not mean give
another guinea or increase a donation,
but if the Churches could make some-
united sacrifice we might lift the whole
world. Let us answer these calls accord-
ing to “the power of God that works in
us.”
The two secretaries, Mr. Fred Cottrell
and Mr. James Jackson, are pleased to-
sav that the demonstration proceeds and
contributions amount to £63 15s. lOd.
Ellis J. Hough.
<=3- <4°-
Mui Tsai.
THE Government has done the hand-
some thing in a handsome way,”
says the correspondent of the
“Daily News,” “in declaring that 50,000
little slave-girls in Hong-Kong shall be
set free. They had to. Their cause was
championed by a woman. Other people,
English and Chinese, may share in the
honour of having removed this ancient
stain from the Empire’s escutcheon, Mrs.
Hazlewood has been the Florence Night-
ingale of this campaign.
“Numerous admirers of Abraham Lin-
coln were found to deny that it was.
slavery : the Government called it ‘ adop-
tion,’ but, happily, a child’s cry reached a
.woman’s heart.
“Commander Hazlewood, who had been
through the horrors of Jutland, was after
the Armistice appointed superintendent of
the Admiralty Chart Depot in the British
Navy yard in Hong-Kong. His wife had
joined him, and one Saturday evening,
from the huddle of native houses beneath
their hotel they heard the cry of a little
girl being tortured. They went to in-
quire. The official on duty in the most
casual way let slip the phrase, ‘ Probably
a slave-girl.” It lit a candle which has
burnt out the system.
“ Mr. and Mrs. Hazlewood at once began
to inquire and to tell what they had seen.
The Commander was bound by service
regulations, his wife was not. It was
soon hinted to him that the climate did
not suit his wife’s health. It was true
that her health was affected, but not by
the climate.
“ The authorities found that Commander
Hazlewood had learned the lesson of the-
British Navy : he stuck to his guns. He
refused to speak a single word to dis-
suade his wife. She refused to abate one-
jot of her activities. They came home.
When a child-slave was burnt with live-
coals he saw to it that the British press
should be in possession of the facts.. Mrs.
Hazlewood began her campaign exactly
where she left it off in Hong-Kong. People-
were sceptical : she gave them facts.
Members of Parliament began to ask
questions based on exact knowledge.
They had talked with Mrs. Hazlew-ood.
Women’s societies took an interest in the
question, for Mrs. Hazlewood had ad-
dressed their meetings. The Departments
kept on denying and evading and tempor-
ising, but Mrs. Hazlewood never forgot
the
‘ child crying in the night,
And with no language but a cry. ’
“She has her reward. Fifty thousand'
little girls are saved from hunger, over-
work, beatings, sale and re-sale, and the
horrible prostitution of the East. Great
Britain is indebted to a brave man and his
indomitable wife. They sacrificed an
honourable position and risked the ostra-
cism of polite society. Commander
Hazlewood and his wife should be
honoured.”
If

92


Tana-land.
A Correction
Rev. J. H. PHILLIPSON.
(East Africa, 1900—6.)
>
(We have pleasure in printing this bit of
friendly criticism.)
1HAVE been most charmed with the
accounts of our growing work in
East Afrca, and not least with what
is said of the work on the Tana River.
Mr. Ratcliffe’s splendid description of his
visit up the river will make all Echo
readers rejoice.
There is, however, a paragraph which
contains some error, and is misleading ;
light needs throwing on it “lest we for-
get.” It is this on page 43 :
“ In all we made twelve camps in going
up the river to Masabubu, two days
beyond the farthest ex-German mission
stations, and four days farther than any
â– other of our men have been since the
nineties, when the late R. M. Ormerod
made his great trip up the river to get at
(if possible) the Gallas that were supposed
to be there. I understand that he pre-
pared from that trip notes for a book he
intended publishing, but which have not
been found since the decease of the late
Rev. C. Consterdine.”
1. In 1904, in company with and chiefly
through his kindness, I journeyed with
J. J. Anderson, late Commissioner, up the
Tana River, through Koro Koro to the
point where navigation ceases, and stood
on hills in full view of the snow-capped
Kenya. Our camp was at a point on the
river named Hergadzo beyond Borate,
Harney a and the Kofera Mountains. We
journeyed into the country among the hills
more than 200 miles beyond Masabubu, a
full description of which I gave in the
Echo, beginning February, 1905, and
ending September (which see). Shakala
went to Koro Koro afterwards as teacher
and lost his life.
2. I was with Consterdine when he
died. I went through all papers and
goods belonging to him and the Mission,
and not a vestige of any writing of jour-
neys, etc., in Ormerod’s hand was found.
Ormerod’s goods were sent away before
I entered upon residence at Golbanti.
Ormerod was at Ribe at the time of his
decease.
3. Somewhere about 1897 (?) Mr.
Ormerod published a full and detailed
account of his Tanaland journey in the
journal of the Royal Geographical Society
of which I have heard Mr. J. J. Anderson
speak. I do not remember any German
missionary, or any of our own (certainly
not Mr. Consterdine) mentioning anything
but the fact of the journey.
Ex-slaves resident at Ribe. [Rev. B. J. Ratcliffe.
.Redeemed mostly in Carthew’s time (1886—96).
<53


“ Rescuing Prisoners ”
Christmas at Tong
eNE of the great events of the year
to our Tong Shan people is the
Christmas demonstration ; and
from an early hour till after mid-day the
church is filled to its utmost capacity ;
many of the towns-people joining with our
folk to make the occasion a fitting one.
One who came from an outstation said in
his enthusiasm, “I have not seen any-
thing like this before. I hope it will be
repeated in years to come.” There is
nothing stiff or formal about the service ;
and the ordinary sermon is replaced by
several brief addresses given at intervals.
The most interesting of these addresses
was that given by a lady who spoke of
the joy of the day when Jesus was born
in Bethlehem, through whom we have
the hope of salvation.
The service commenced in an informal
way with a musical interlude in which the
Sheng—a Chinese pipe organ—took the
leading part. Three schoolgirls gave a
recitation—the “Angel’s Message”—and
then joined by others they sang, “There
is a gate that stands ajar.”
Several students from the Government
Technical College took part, and sang in
Shan. Rev. JOHN HINDS-
English. One performance which I was
privileged to hear these students give was
a clever repetition of words, given in a
rapid voice, reminding one of some of
our test phrases as “ Peter Piper picked
a peck of peppercorns,” and it got
amusingly mixed up before the end was
reached.
Our own scholars also gave some-
physiognomy exhibitions and performed a
Scriptural play, “The Prodigal Son,”'
some parts of which' the original prodigal'
would scarcely have recognized. He-
would have said, “I’m sure I was not like
that!”
The congregation joined in singing,
Joy to the world, the Lord has come,
Let earth receive her King.
And the service closed with prayer.
Immediately at the close 400 young-
people were presented each with a bag of
nuts and sweets, the chronicler with »
touch of sadness adding, “the grown ups-
were not in it.”
[This was requested for December. Mr-
Hinds preferred not to write about last year,,
but wished it to be fresh. Hence it did not
reach us till March.—Ed.]
*-
1


<=?<>
“ Rescuing
Prisoners.”
For Our
Young Folk.
By Rev. G. H. KENNEDY-
THE other day I was in a Bristol
tramcar going along the Glouces-
ter Road towards Horfield. Op-
posite me sat a stalwart policeman, and
next to him sat a surly-looking man
about thirty years of age. He looked at
nobody and everybody tried not to look
at him. But I couldn’t help noticing
that he had his hands folded over one
another and his coatsleeves drawn down
as far as they would go, so that you
couldn’t see his wrists. The car stopped
at Longmead Avenue, the stopping place
for Horfield gaol. Both he and the
policeman got up to alight, and I further
noticed that the man still kept his hands
together, though the car swayed a good
deal and he had some difficulty in getting
to the door. You have guessed the
reason—his hands were handcuffed to-
gether : he had been convicted and sen-
tenced that morning. I did so want fo
speak to him, but I didn’t know what to
say. I tried to look sorry, but I fear
I only looked inquisitive. I felt I would
have given almost anything to set him-
free. I always feel sorry for anyone or
anything that is imprisoned, don’t you?’
Though I do not see at present how we
are to do without prisons. And to set all'
prisoners free might be unkind to them
as well as dangerous to others. And'
yet I never see a lark in a cage over a
public-house door but what I want toi
open the cage and let the songster free.
But often the men and women inside the-
pub. are more to be pitied than the sky-
larks outside the pub. ; for they have
made a prison for themselves.
Only last Sunday I heard of a man in-
r
94