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Annual review

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Title:
Annual review
Creator:
SOS Sahel International UK
Place of Publication:
London
Publisher:
SOS Sahel International UK
Language:
English
Physical Description:
vol. : colour illustrations, maps

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SOS Sahel (Organization : London, England) ( lcnaf )
SOS Sahel International UK
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serial ( sobekcm )
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Africa -- Sahel
أفريقيا - الساحل
Afrique - Sahel
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16.024646 x 13.321854

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At head of title: SOS Sahel International UK. The date span covered is incorporated into the tail of the title.
General Note:
French copy was also published.
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Catalogued from the 2004/2005 issue

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INTERNATIONAL UK

SOS SAHEL



Annual Review

2015-2016



Chair’s Foreword

lam pleased to present SOS Sahel UK’s

latest annual review for the period 2015
-2016.

This year we have supported our
partners on seven fantastic projects in
Sudan, South Sudan and Ethiopia.
However, the road has not been easy
and we have faced many challenges. El
Nifio has had disastrous and continuing
effects across the region. Ethiopia is
experiencing its worst drought in
decades. Two failed rainy seasons have
devastated livelinoods and left more
than ten million people in need of food
aid. Whilst the government has taken a
strong role in protecting the most
vulnerable, due to the severity of the
drought, the humanitarian need is still
high.

In Sudan also, El Nifio has significantly
impacted the rains and caused reduced
cultivation areas, delayed planting, poor
pastures and limited water for people
and livestock. The scale and impact of
these agricultural and livestock
production threats are likely to be long-
lasting. The ongoing conflicts in some



regions (Darfur, South Kordofan, Blue
Nile) exacerbate the issues and leave
populations ever more vulnerable.

Despite the Peace agreement signed in
August 2015, South Sudan is still
suffering from civil conflict. Violence,
access constraints and food insecurity
are drivers of major displacement, with
more than two million people having
fled their homes since the conflict
began, many of whom remain internally
displaced. Humanitarian needs
therefore continue to be immense, and
are likely to grow as the conflict
continues to force people from their
homes, to deplete resources and to
constrain humanitarian access. El Nino
has worsened this situation, with a
further deterioration in the already very
high food insecurity levels.

In the midst of this turbulence, we have
been working with our local partners,
who use their local knowledge and
experience to make a positive impact
on the lives of thousands of people. In
Ethiopia, we are working with
communities to rehabilitate land and
build resilience to shocks. In Sudan, we
are working to support farming and

fishing livelinoods, and ensure that
rural communities have access to clean
water year-round. In South Sudan, we
are supporting SOS Sahel South Sudan
as much as we can to help them survive
as an organisation amidst the
humanitarian crisis. We would not be
able to do this without your support.

| would like to take this opportunity to
introduce Linda Horgan to the team as
SOS Sahel UK’s new Director. Linda
brings with her over twenty years’
experience in the development sector,
having previously worked for Concern
Worldwide and Oxfam. She joined SOS
Sahel UK in December 2015 and has
settled in very well. We are excited for
the future of SOS Sahel UK and our
partners; a future that we would not
have without you, our donors. Thank
you so much for your generosity and
support, which has kept us going
through many ups and downs! We hope
you will continue to support us this

x

year.

ema
lan Barry

Chair of the Board of Trustees



Project Highlights

PROJECT FOCUS: Improving land and livelihoods in Ethiopia

This year saw the completion of our three-year project in Ethiopia, which has
worked with communities to rehabilitate degraded land, diversify livelinoods, and
improve food security. The community engagement in the project has been
phenomenal and so have the results!

Over the last few decades, the Lake Boyo Catchment in SNNPR has been suffering
from extreme land degradation, caused in part by over population and increased
levels of farming and grazing, along with climatic changes caused by global
warming. The large scale deforestation and soil erosion in the catchment has
caused a significant increase of flooding, with an expansion of the lake, which has
severely affected crops, grazing lands, settlements and properties, leaving much
of the population increasingly vulnerable to poverty and food insecurity. We have
been working closely with our partner, SOS Sahel Ethiopia, to address these issues
through rehabilitating severely degraded land and improving livelinoods and
resilience of communities in the area.



Hundreds of local men, women and youths have been volunteering their time for soil and water conservation work across
communal land, including planting trees, grass strips and seedlings, and constructing gabion structures, ditches and soil
bunds. This land is then closed off from human and grazing use until it begins to regenerate. Landless groups are mobilised
to engage in income generating activities that will make use of the land ina
sustainable way, such as through beekeeping.

Private farmland has also been targeted with conservation work, and farmers
have received training and farm tools (partially subsidised by the project) in
order to increase fertility and productivity of their land. With these measures,
the area of land at risk of flooding across the project area decreased by an
incredible 74%,

Establishing central nurseries has also been a key activity under this project.
Un-utilised government-owned central nurseries have been revitalised, with
landless men and women selected by the community to work on the land,
growing the grasses and seedlings needed for the conservation work. At the
beginning of the project, workers received daily wages and planting materials
from the project. As the nurseries developed and became independent
groups of organised farmers, they transformed into cooperatives and were
given rights to the land. They now share the income gained from sales of
seedlings at market price between them.

A central aim of the project has been to improve livelihood diversification
opportunities for women. More than 6,000 women have been engaged in
various initiatives to increase their livelinood opportunities, increase
household incomes, and adapt their traditional roles so that they have more



life opportunities and control of their future. Women have been engaged in

The project's success led to the Band Aid activities such as beekeeping, desho grass propagation, chicken, sheep and
Charitable Trust awarding a further grant — goat rearing, and sheep and goat fattening. These activities provide women
for SOS Sahel to conduct a small follow- with a greater income, and empower them to grow their enterprises and
on phase of this project. We hope to reinvest for the future.

replicate the great success seen here in
P g We are very impressed with the incredible impact this project has had and are
other areas in Southern Ethiopia soon. . . . ue .
looking forward to continuing our work with communities in rural Ethiopia.



SOS Sahel UK’s Current Projects 2015-2016










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Sand Dam Programme

South Kordofan, Sudan
October 2013—June 2015

Budget for Rashad sand dam: £27,755 funded by
Guernsey Overseas Aid Commission

Budget for Kadugli sand dam: £18,160 funded by St
Mary’s Church, Iffley and Bryan Guinness Charitable Trust

e Sand dam construction in rural areas
e Water security

e Conflict reduction

e Community-led development

Central Equatoria, Lakes, and Warrap States, South
Sudan

October 2012—June 2015

Budget: €290,960 funded by the Dutch
Government

SOUTH SUDAN

e Conflict research and analysis
e Conflict reduction and management

Gccccccccce

Terekeka and Juba West, Central Equatoria State, South Sudan

March 2015—April 2016

Budget for phase 4: €100,000 funded by Oxfam Novib
e Promoting peace building and conflict reduction between farmers and pastoralists
e Natural resource management

e Strengthening civil society
e Building capacity of SOS Sahel South Sudan








Gunub and Awlieb, and Suakin localities, Red Sea State, Sudan
December 2013—February 2017

‘= Budget: €5,000,000 funded by the European Commission

7 e Improve livelihoods for horticulturalists and fishermen

: = LL e Improve practices and techniques and increase productivity

d | | e Link farmers and fishermen to local suppliers and improve availability of inputs
* e Increase incomes and reduce poverty

à e Reduce food insecurity and reliance on food aid

+-




















; de Bae ecceccccccccccccccccccccccccs cee s coh Market Monitoring and Trade Analysis, Phase 3
I A ”

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eoene

Darfur, Sudan
November 2014 —October 2016

Budget for phase 3: €1,111,729 funded by European
Commission

e Monitor markets and analyse shifting patterns of
trade

e Gather information on key commodities (cereals,
livestock, fruits and vegetables, etc.)

e Capacity building of local organisations in research
methods

e Recommendations for livelihoods, economic
recovery and peace building interventions

e Early warning signs for humanitarian planning and
food assistance

É de.
Æ

—




:

ES

Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Region, Ethiopia
April 2012—September 2015 (Phase 1), March 2016—November 2016 (Phase 2)
Budget for phase 1: £775,696 funded by the Department for International Development and Band Aid Charitable Trust

Budget for phase 2: £127,772 funded by Band Aid Charitable Trust, Ernest Kleinwort Charitable Trust, Allan & Nesta Ferguson
Charitable Trust, Souter Foundation, an individual donor, SOS Sahel International UK

e Soil and water conservation through farmer-led integrated watershed management
e Improved and diversified livelinoods through improved faming techniques and new income generation activities



PROJECT FOCUS: Improving access to water in rural Sudan

With our partner, SOS Sahel Sudan, we have been working in South Kordofan
State to improve access to water for some of the most vulnerable
communities. South Kordofan is characterised by mountains and plains, with
seasonal flowing valleys. There is a high availability of water in the rainy
season, but severe water scarcity in the dry season. A large majority of the
population of South Kordofan lives off the land, relying on water sources,
agricultural land, and pasture for grazing: for pastoralists, seasonal mobility is
critical to support their herds. South Kordofan State has been embroiled in
conflict for many years; since the end of the two-decade-long civil war in 2005,
the state has been an area of constitutional uncertainty in Sudan and, with the
secession of South Sudan in 2011, the fragile state was plunged into yet more
conflict between government and rebel forces battling for control over
territories.

© SOS Sahel Sudan} 2016



This ongoing conflict has had a detrimental effect on already scarce water access in the area. As a direct result of conflict,
infrastructural investment has been extremely limited; many existing water structures such as reservoirs and water yards
have fallen into disrepair; and, added population pressures (for example, caused by displaced populations and changing
nomadic migration routes) have exacerbated the problem in recent years. With such severe dry-season water shortages,
there is strain over access to natural resources and in most rural villages people use essential efforts and time waiting for
water or travelling far distances to find it. Therefore, since 2009 SOS Sahel has been working to address this problem by
constructing sand dams. Sand dam technology is a great solution to rural water scarcity and is well suited to South Kordofan.
Sand dams are simple, low-cost and low-maintenance water harvesting structures. They provide a clean, local water supply
throughout the year. Water from heavy downpours is no longer lost, but stored in sand for year round use. It is then
abstracted from the sand by using traditional scoop holes or pipes leading to taps or wells.

Sand dams have many community benefits. Firstly, they provide communities with water that has been filtered clean by
sand; the sand also protects it from evaporation and prevents breeding of insects and parasites, thereby reducing the
likelinood of malarial infection and diarrhoea. Furthermore, sand dams reduce the competition for water between different
livelihood groups, such as farmers and pastoralists, leading to reduced conflict. Those that usually shoulder the responsibility
for household water provision (commonly women and children) no longer need to gather water from distant and often
contaminated water sources. The community has more water and more time to productively farm, reducing food security
and raising household incomes. Importantly, sand dams conserve water in a way that replenishes the ground water and
encourages the long-term sustainability of ecosystems and water supplies; vegetation grows and land is more fertile,
reversing the effects of desertification. This year we have built two sand dams in rural villages in South Kordofan, and we
hope to build two more in the coming dry season.

PROJECT FOCUS: Organisational support to SOS Sahel South Sudan

Throughout the year, we have continued to support SOS Sahel



Community members gathered to attend You dc | Peace event,
t South Sudan build its capacity as an organisation and successfully

manage its peace building projects in the world’s newest country.
SOS Sahel South Sudan work in Central Equatoria and Warrap
States to develop peaceful access to natural resources and reduce
tension that can lead to conflict amongst different resource users.

The progress that the organisation has made since its
establishment has been incredible. However, the civil conflict that
began in December 2013 has devastated the country, and violence
’ still continues despite the peace agreement signed last year. The
Ff effect that this has had on local NGOs in the region has been dire;

© SOSSahelSouthSudan *



the need for humanitarian relief is huge and donors have naturally turned away from long-term develooment projects.
Compounding this is a changing global environment, with donor funding priorities and structures changing. For SOS Sahel
South Sudan, as such a young organisation, this has bought massive challenges. With projects coming to an end, and funding
opportunities sparse, their future is uncertain. We in SOS Sahel UK are supporting our sister organisation as much as we can,
and know that our supporters join us in wishing for a better future for this young organisation and country.

Financial Summary

INCOME AND EXPENDITURE FOR THE YEAR BALANCE SHEET AS AT 31 MARCH 2016
ENDING 31 MARCH 2016 £UK
INCOME £UK Cash and amounts receivable 1,122,028
Governmental organisations 239,707 Less: amounts payable 727,371
Charitable agencies and trusts 182,669 2
Private donations and legacies 107,537 394,657
Consultancy 11,278
Interest 1,202 Restricted funds 120,935
Other 3,966
a Unrestricted funds 273,722
TOTAL INCOME 546,358 —
—_—_—_ TOTAL RESERVES 394,657
EXPENDITURE
Sudan 1,020,040
Ethiopia 118,490 SOURCES OF INCOME FOR 2015/16
South Sudan 11,894 3%




Cost of generating funds 11,547
— Rp
TOTAL EXPENDITURE 1,161,971 Ss + Hj Governmental organisations
WB charitable agencies and trusts
DEFICIT FOR THE YEAR (615,613) UM Private donations and legacies
a Other
FUNDS BROUGHT FORWARD FROM LAST YEAR 1,010,270
FUNDS CARRIED FORWARD 394,657
ee
Trustees’ statement
The figures for this financial summary are taken EXPENDITURE ON CHARITABLE ACTIVITIES 2015/16

from the organisation’s audited statutory accounts
for the year ended 31st March 2016. These accounts
have been filed with the Registrar of Companies

(including grants)

1% 1%

%,

House and the Charity Commission: a copy can be sudan

UM Ethiopia

I South Sudan



obtained from the Charity Commission website or
from the charity’s own website or registered offices .

Signed on behalf of the Board of Trustees

NS
lan Barr

Chair of the Board of Trustees

Hj Costs of generating more funds



Thank you

We would like to thank all individuals, trusts, foundations and institutional donors who have generously donated to us this
year. This valuable support has enabled us to continue our work with the people of the Sahel.

Although it is not possible to mention everyone, we would particularly like to thank the following for their support in 2015/16:

The European Commission Charities Advisories Trust The Rest Harrow Trust

UK Department for International Cheltenham Tree Group The Rhododendron Trust
Development (DFID) The Dingwall Trust The Souter Foundation

Oxfam Novib Ernest Kleinwort Charitable Trust St Mary’s Charity

Band Aid Charitable Trust Fulmer Charitable Trust Allan & Nesta Ferguson Charitable
Guernsey Overseas Aid Commission Miss W.H.S. Wallace’s Charitable Trust Settlement

St Mary’s Church, Iffley Northwick Trust

All Saints Church, Kirkby Overblow Oliver Morland Trust

We would also like to thank all of our individual supporters for their generosity and loyalty. Thank you!



Address: The Old Music Hall
106-108 Cowley Road

Oxford, OX4 1JE
S OS SAH E L Telephone: +44 (0)1865 403 305

INTERNATIONAL UK Email: mail@sahel.org.uk

Website: www.sahel.org.uk

Front cover photo: Farmer in Ethiopia © SOS Sahel UK, 2016 Registered Charity No. 296311
Back cover photo: Fishing boat in Sudan © SOS Sahel UK, 2016 Company Limited by Guarantee No. 2100867

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