Annual review

Material Information

Annual review
SOS Sahel International UK
Place of Publication:
SOS Sahel International UK
Physical Description:
vol. : colour illustrations, maps


Subjects / Keywords:
SOS Sahel (Organization : London, England) ( lcnaf )
SOS Sahel International UK
serial ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Africa -- Sahel
أفريقيا - الساحل
Afrique - Sahel
16.024646 x 13.321854


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At head of title: SOS Sahel International UK. The date span covered is incorporated into the tail of the title.
General Note:
French copy was also published.
General Note:
Catalogued from the 2004/2005 issue

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Annual Review

Chair’s Foreword

At the close of my first full year at SOS
Sahel UK, | am very pleased to bring
you this annual review of 2014/2015.
This year, we have supported our
partners on ten projects in Sudan,
South Sudan and Ethiopia.

relevant, sustainable, poverty-relieving

commitment to delivering
projects is as strong as ever. To do this,
we need to evolve and adapt them to
reflect the changing needs of the
people with whom we work, and be
flexible to the often harsh conditions
and insecure contexts within which

they live.

As conflict in South Sudan continues,
with hopes of peace rising and falling
with the will of the political actors
involved, the scale of suffering is ever-
increasing. Almost two years have
passed since the civil war began in
2013, displacing over two million
people and leaving over four million
facing severe food insecurity. In the
midst of a humanitarian crisis, we are
continuing to try to undertake long-

term development — work. By
supporting SOS Sahel South Sudan in
their natural resource management
and peace-building and activities, we
are looking past the current crisis and
building the capacity of communities
to share natural resources peacefully
and to mediate local conflicts now and
avoid them in the future. Of course
this is not easy, with many donors
inevitably prioritising humanitarian aid,
but we remain committed to this long-

term approach.

In bordering Sudan, insecurities are
rife, particularly affecting our projects
in Darfur and South
However, with
committed staff,

practiced, local,
and flexible and
understanding donors, we ensure that
projects continue successfully,
amending them as and when needed

to guarantee safe delivery.

The rapid land changes that have
affected Ethiopia and been the focus
of our work there over the last three

exemplify devastating



effects land

degradation and climate change can
have on livelihoods and food security.
Sustainable use of farmland, forests
and grazing lands is_ increasingly
important, and communities are now
needing to change their practices in

order to sustain. their


In these contexts, | want to pay tribute
to our local partner organisations, who
work tirelessly to implement activities
that have a real influence of the lives
of thousands of rural Sahelians. | also
want to thank all our staff, who have
been working hard to ensure the
smooth running of our projects, and
my fellow trustees who have
continued to support them all. My
warmest thanks, of course, go to our
donors, without whom we would not
exist. Thank you, and please continue
to support us, as the needs in the

region only seem to grow ever greater!

lan Barry
Chair of the Board of Trustees

Project Highlights

PROJECT FOCUS: Supporting Farmers and Fishermen in Red Sea
State, Sudan

As part of SOS Sahel’s long term commitment to the Red Sea State in Sudan (where we
have been working since the 1990s), this year we launched a new food security project,
funded by the European Commission. Red Sea State is home to the indigenous Beja
people, who were traditionally pastoralists, moving with their herds to make use of the
limited and unpredictable rains. However, due to severe droughts in the 1980s and loss of
access to grazing reserves, the livelihoods of many pastoralists were destroyed. Since this
time, populations have suffered from chronic food insecurity and a dependency on food

aid, with a corresponding rise in poverty and vulnerability. Fish trader in Port Sudan, Red Se :

ce ed

Our current project is situated in Gunub and Awlieb, and Suakin localities in the Red Sea State and, in partnership with SOS
Sahel Sudan, we are improving the livelihoods of horticulturalists (fruit and vegetable farmers) and near-shore artisan
fisherfolk. We are working closely with these communities to improve practices and techniques and increase access to inputs
and technologies, in order to improve productivity and raise household incomes. We also work to increase access to credit
and related services for farmer and fishery associations, to which we provide capacity building.

During the year, we have conducted training for trainers on improved practices, such as deepwater fishing; the use of drop
lines and hand reels; on board handling techniques; and, preparing and packaging fish. These trainers will now start
conducting training sessions with the fishermen themselves. For farmers’ training, we have innovated and piloted a new
approach, involving farmers and government agricultural extension workers spending three months on farms throughout the
agricultural season. Farmers are given hands-on, practical training on demonstration farms, covering activities such as land
preparation; irrigation methods and practices; and, post-harvest handling and marketing. The buy-in from fishermen and
farmers has been strong, and progress towards improved practices and techniques is encouraging.

PROJECT FOCUS: Capacity Building Programme in South Sudan

SOS Sahel South Sudan has continued to grow as an organisation and is finding its Female representatives from local community based
organisations in Gogrial East .

feet in an increasingly unstable environment. Our support to the organisation’s
development is ongoing. Anna Rowett (previously SOS Sahel UK’s Programme
and Administration Officer) remained on secondment to the office in Juba for the
year and worked with Ajak Deng, the Executive Director, to strengthen and
support the organisation. Morris, our finance manager, visited the South Sudan
team to strengthen their financial systems and accounting procedures. Our Chair,
lan, also visited and worked with the South Sudan board of trustees to provide

capacity building on governance and trusteeship.
This year SOS Sahel South Sudan has successfully implemented and managed existing grants from Oxfam Novib and the
Dutch Government (for peace projects and organisational capacity building), but has also managed to diversify its funding
base and secure a new donor, Pact. This new funding was granted to implement a project in Warrap State, which involved
broadcasting interviews with key individuals and groups over the local radio (such as government officials, representatives

ewe’ PP from women and youth groups, farmers’ and pastoralists’ unions and other

community members). These interviews related to natural resource management
policies, and encouraged increased awareness of rights and responsibilities among
community members and local authorities. The project strengthened local capacities
to prevent, mitigate and manage conflict in a non-violent manner. It has been
implemented and managed successfully, and represents a very positive step in SOS
Sahel South Sudan’s development as an organisation.



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Sand Dam Programme


South Kordofan, Sudan
October 2013—June 2015

Budget: £41,645 funded by Guernsey Overseas Aid Commission,
the Beatrice Laing Trust, the CB & HH Taylor Trust

e Sand dam construction in rural areas


e Water security
e Conflict reduction
e Community-led development



Livelihood Programme

West Kordofan (formerly South Kordofan), Sudan

August 2013—July 2014

Budget: €95,493 funded by Oxfam Novib
e Conflict forums for pastoralists and farmers
e Capacity building workshops for civil society organisations
e Rehabilitation of water yards and hafirs (reservoirs)

e Improving pastures :
: 7
: Reduction of Resource Based Conflicts, Phase 3 & 4
Ÿ Terekeka and Juba West, Central Equatoria State, South Sudan

July 2013—September 2014 (Phase 3), and March 2015—
December 2015 {Phase 4)

Budget for phase 3: €189,856 funded by Oxfam Novib
Budget for phase 4: €100,000 funded by Oxfam Novib

e Promoting peace building and conflict reduction
between farmers and pastoralists

Peace and Prosperity Promotion Programme

Central Equatoria, Lakes, and Warrap States, South

October 2012—June 2015

Budget: €290,960 funded by the Dutch


. . e Natural resource management
e Conflict research and analysis

e Strengthening civil society

e Conflict reduction and management _ |
e Building capacity of SOS Sahel South Sudan

coorenonecssosenvreesresseeesvcencrenceseceresceecesecccecccecescce) Market Monitoring and Trade Analysis, Phase 2 & 3

Darfur, Sudan
January 2013—October 2014 (Phase 2), November 2014 —October 2016 (Phase 3)
Budget for phase 2: €1,113,181 funded by European Commission and Tufts University
Budget for phase 3: €1,111,729 funded by European Commission
e Market monitoring and trade analysis (cereals, cash crops, livestock, fruits and vegetables,
and other produce)
e Recommendations for livelinoods, economic recovery and peace building interventions
e Capacity building of local organisations in research methods

e Developing industry for livestock by-products

Agricultural & Fishery Production by Smallholders in Red Sea State

Gunub and Awlieb, and Suakin localities, Red Sea State, Sudan
December 2013—February 2017
Budget: €5,000,000 funded by the European Commission

e Improve livelihoods for horticulturalists and fishermen

e Improve practices and techniques and increasing productivity


e Increase incomes and reduce poverty
Reduce food insecurity and reliance on food aid

Strengthening Sustainable Livelihoods and Forest
Management Project

eoevecenvccove Peccccscccccccccco>

Amhara, Benishagal Gumuz, Oromia, and Southern
Nations, Nationalities and People’s Region, Ethiopia
April 2014—June 2015

Budget: £55,000 matched funding contribution,

funded by an anonymous legacy, the Souter
Charitable Trust, the Northwick Trust, Ernest
Kleinwort Trust, the Vinson’s Trust and an anonymous


Sustainable Environmental Rehabilitation Project

Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Region, Ethiopia e Establishing Participatory Forest
April 2012—September 2015 Management Committees
Budget: £775,696 funded by the Department for International e Supporting business enterprise groups
Development and Band Aid Charitable Trust (encouraging non-timber, sustainable
e Farmer-led integrated watershed management livelihoods)
e Soil and water conservation e Income-generating activities for women
e Improved farming technologies e Establishing village savings and loans
e Income-generating activities for women associations

PROJECT FOCUS: Protecting Forests in Ethiopia

This year, SOS Sahel UK supported a sustainable livelihoods and forest management project in Ethiopia during its vital final
year of activities. This five year project, implemented by SOS Sahel Ethiopia and Farm Africa, has worked with 200,000 people
across seven forests in Ethiopia to reduce poverty and protect biodiversity through community-led forest management. It
focuses around the following three main activities:

1. Establishing and supporting Participatory Forest Management Groups

Local forest management groups initially start out small with about 30 interested community members, but grow
substantially to anything from 100 to 400 members. We trained forest management groups in the different elements of
participatory forest management. The groups then negotiated user and access rights of the forests and took responsibility for
protecting the forests, for example by setting up by-laws and policing the forests, reporting any infringements to the police
who help the groups deal with any problems.

Within the forest management Business
Participatory forest

management group enterprise group

groups, members are given the

opportunity to join other
groups; namely the village
savings and loans associations
and the business enterprise
groups. As such, one person
may belong to as many as
three groups under the project

(see diagram). Village savings and
loans association

2. Working with communities to create Village Saving and Loans Associations (VSLA)

We helped the forest management groups to form VSLAs and we gave them training on how savings and credit could be
useful for them, and how to run the groups. More often that not, it is women who take the lead in managing the associations
and represent the majority of members. The groups that we helped set up typically meet each week to contribute their
savings, often about 10 birr or 30p a week. The VSLAs periodically distribute the savings back to the members, for example in
amounts of 500 birr (about £15) at the end of the year. Members can also apply for credit, and can access higher amounts.
Each person is of course free to chose how they spend their savings and credit and we see it being used for a variety of
purposes, such as buying bee hives, goats, poultry and household materials.

nl À

3. Establishing and supporting small enterprise groups to MAIRE ENTRE NS ree 7 pk ee
. | BOS ee Pre ais Al ET
generate income from the forests i Ape be vb Ss 7

Once the forest management groups are well established,
members are given the opportunity to create and join business
enterprise groups. Based on the resources available in each
forest area, members chose what they will focus on. For
example, in the Taragedam and the Ketisa forests in Amhara
region, honey and grasses are the main products available,
whereas in Borana region, where it is still largely primary forest
(meaning it remains relatively unspoiled), more options like
forest coffee, mushrooms or spices are available. Our project
staff train the members in advanced harvesting techniques and
also marketing and processing of the products. Members
generally work independently (often in husband and wife
teams) and join together to take their products to market so
they are able to reach more customers for better prices.

Financial Summary

INCOME EUK Cash and amounts receivable 1,348,092
Governmental organisations 2,198,065 Less: amounts payable (337,822)
Charitable agencies and trusts 105,618 —
Private donations and covenants 46,851 1,010,270
Consultancy 23,465 a
Interest 1,709 Restricted funds 813,270
Other 306

Unrestricted funds 197,000
TOTAL INCOME 2,376,014 —

EXPENDITURE Trustees’ statement
Sudan 1,432,119 The figures for this financial summary are taken from the
Ethiopia 271,906 organisation’s audited statutory accounts for the year ended 31st
South Sudan 11,051 March 2015. These accounts have been filed with the Registrar of
Cost of generating funds 18,862 Companies House and the Charity Commission: a copy can be
Governance costs 17,642 obtained from the Charity Commission website or from the

— charity’s own website or registered offices .
a Signed on behalf of the Board of Trustees


an Barry
Chair of the Board of Trustees


2% 1% (including grants)



1% 1% | 1%

“|| Re, Sudan
UM Ethiopia

[M South Sudan

Se. M Governmental organisations

| | Charitable agencies and trusts

§) Private donations and covenants
Other | | Governance Costs

E Costs of generating more funds

raed ele) hy ye

Hy) Udi

Thank you

We would like to thank all individuals, trusts, foundations and institutional donors who have generously donated to us this
year. This valuable support has enabled us to continue our work with the people of the Sahel.

Although it is not possible to mention everyone, we would particularly like to thank the following for their support in 2014/15:

The European Commission Souter Charitable Trust Oliver Morland Trust

UK Department for International Christadelphian Samaritan Fund The Beatrice Laing Trust

Development (DFID) Ernest Kleinwort Charitable Trust K M Harbinson’s Charitable Trust
Oxfam Novib The Northwick Trust Bryan Guinness Charitable Trust

Band Aid Charitable Trust Roger Vere Foundation The Seven Pillars of Wisdom Trust
Guernsey Overseas Aid Commission CB & HH Taylor Trust Miss Jeanne Bisgood’s Charitable Trust
The Dingwall Trust The Rest Harrow Trust The Cheltenham Tree Group

St Mary’s Charity The Bower Trust All Saints Church, Kirkby Overblow

We would also like to thank all of our individual supporters for their generosity and loyalty. Thank you!

Address: The Old Music Hall
106-108 Cowley Road
Oxford, OX4 1JE

S OS SAH [= L Telephone: +44 (0)1865 403 305



Registered Charity No. 296311

Front cover photo: Pastoralists in Sudan © Sue Cavanna, 2004 Company Lim ited by Guarantee No. 2100867
Back cover photo: Beekeeper in Ethiopia © SOS Sahel UK, 2014 © SOS Sahel International UK. 2015