Cupido, Hottentot Evangelist

Material Information

Cupido, Hottentot Evangelist
Alternate title:
Engraving of "Cupido, Hottentot Evangelist"
Blood, Thomas ( Artist )
Place of Publication:
Williams & Son
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
1 portrait ; 12.5cm x 20cm


Subjects / Keywords:
Khoikhoi (African people) ( LCSH )
Cockroach, Cupido ( LCNAF )
Kakkerlak, Kupido
Kakkerlak, Cupido, 1786- ( NTA )
Temporal Coverage:
1801 - 1817
Spatial Coverage:
Africa -- South Africa -- Northern Cape
Afrika -- Suid-Afrika -- Noord-Kaap
-30 x 22


Hottentot in Englsih is a term that was historically used to refer to the Khoikhoi, the non-Bantu indigenous nomadic pastoralists of South Africa and Botswana
General Note:
Engraving, 12.5cm x 20cm; Lettered with title and 'Blood sc. / Pub by William & Son Stationers Court 1st. Jany. 1816.'
General Note:
Artist presumed to be Thomas Blood, as identified by text immediately below the oval portrait
The Evangelical Magazine and Missionary Chronicle, Volume 22 (1814) discusses a native evangelist "Cupido", page 120
The Evangelical Magazine and Missionary Chronicle, Volume 24 (1816) lists a letter from "Cupido, (Hottentot)", page 490
Malherbe, V. C. "The Life and Times of Cupido Kakkerlak" (Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2009). This book identifies Cupido by the surname Kakkerlak, and, identifies his as Khoekhoe (also known as Khoi or Khoikhoi, previously known as Hottentot). -- Extract: Cupido Kakkerlak's story provides a concrete example of Khoi experience under the impact of colonization at the beginning of the nineteenth century. During his first forty years or so he lived on Boer farms, learned a sawyer's skills, accumulated a little property and reared a family. In 1800, probably as a result of frontier disturbances at the time, he went to the village of Graaff-Reinet. There, in 1801, he met missionaries of the London Missionary Society and was converted. Casting his lot with the mission, he moved with his family to Algoa Bay and was based at Bethelsdorp until 1815. During this period he practised his trade as a sawyer at the same time as he gained prominence in mission work. In 1813 he served as John Campbell's ‘travelling director’ during a trip to the interior that lasted almost nine months. Campbell's proposals – that a number of new stations be established – made heavy demands on mission personnel and other resources. Six ‘native assistants’ were appointed, one of whom was Cupido. In 1817, after a short sojourn among the Griqua, he undertook a mission to the still nomadic Kora near the Harts River. Six years later, when difficulties both in and outside the mission society had multiplied, his services were abruptly terminated. He was then over sixty years of age. For frontier Khoi, hopeful of a new dispensation in the wake of the 1799–1802 war, the L.M.S. missionaries had provided an undreamt-of opportunity. In the interaction between missionary and Khoi, in the first stages of the mission project, Cupido played a leading part. -- ref. (last referenced: 20200319) at DOI: in the Journal of African History.
General Note:
Cupido is known, someone unfortunately, as Cupido Cockroach, a translation of his Dutch (Boer/Afrikaans) name Kupido Kakkerlak.
General Note:
VIAF (name authority) : Cockroach, Cupido : URI

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS University of London
Holding Location:
Archives and Special Collections
Rights Management:
This item is licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivative License. This license allows others to download this work and share them with others as long as they mention the author and link back to the author, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially.
Resource Identifier:
CWM/LMS/Home/Africa Pictures/3 ( SOAS Order with reference )
CWM/LMS/01/09/05/04/03 ( SOAS CALM reference )


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