Citation
Indian missionary directory and memorial volume

Material Information

Title:
Indian missionary directory and memorial volume
Creator:
Badley, B. H. (Brenton Hamline), 1849-
Place of Publication:
Lucknow (India)
New York
Publisher:
Methodist Episcopal Church Press
Phillips and Hunt
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Edition:
Revised edition
Physical Description:
ix, 272 p ; 22 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Missions ( lcsh )
Missions -- India -- Directories ( lcsh )
Missionaries ( lcsh )
Missionaries -- India -- Directories ( lcsh )
Missions -- India ( lcsh )
Missionaries -- India ( lcsh )
Spatial Coverage:
Asia -- India
Asia -- Pakistan
Asia -- India -- Uttar Pradesh -- Lucknow -- Lucknow
एशिया -- भारत
एशिया -- पाकिस्तान
एशिया -- भारत -- उत्तर प्रदेश -- लखनऊ -- लखनऊ
ایشیا -- بھارت
ایشیا -- پاکستان
ایشیا -- بھارت -- اتر پردیش -- لکھنؤ -- لکھنؤ
Coordinates:
21 x 78
30 x 70
26.85 x 80.95

Notes

General Note:
VIAF (name authority) : Badley, B. H. (Brenton Hamline), 1849- : URI http://viaf.org/viaf/16349627
General Note:
Errata slip inserted at the back of the volume

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SOAS University of London
Holding Location:
SOAS University of London
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This item is licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution, Non-Commercial License. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this work non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms.
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CWML C.4/22 (SCRR) ( SOAS classmark )
203328 ( ALEPH )

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Full Text
INDIAN MISSIONARY
DIRECTORY






INDIAN
MISSIONARY DIRECTORY
AND
Memorial Volume,
BY
THE REV. B. H. BADLEY, M.A.
REVISED EDITION.
LUCKNOW.
METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH PRESS.
NEW YORK: PIIILLIPS AND HUNT.
188l.
[-47/ rights reserved.}




TO
THE PROTESTANT MISSIONARIES OF INDIA
OF WHATEVER NAME OR NATIONALITY,
WITH AN EARNEST PRAYER
FOR THEIR CONTINUED SUCCESS
IN WINNING TQ ClIRIST
THE BENIGHTED MILLIONS OF THE LAND,
fUjis ^nprrteiiiiiiig $nlum
IS RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED.




PREFACE.
The general favor accorded to the first edition of the
Directory (issued five years since) has led to the preparation
of the present revised edition. Great pains have been taken
to make it as nearly perfect as possible, and it is hoped that
the work may be found serviceable as a book of reference and
interesting as a Memorial Volume.
Although not included by Mr. Sherring in his a History
of Protestant Missions in India,” Burmah is given a place in this
volume. It is a part of the Indian empire and there is no rea-
son why it should be excluded from a work of this kind. The
names of Ceylon missionaries have also been inserted.
The enlargement of missionary operations in India during
the past nine years as indicated in the following pages and the
increase in the number of converts are causes of devout rejoicing
and of thankfulness to God.
To the missionaries whose names are indicated by the
bracketed initials under the historical sketches of various Mis-
sions, and to other friends in India and at home who have
kindly given assistance, the compiler returns his warmest thanks.
He will be glad to be informed of errors and omissions.
B. II, Badley,
Lucknow, April 27th, 1881.


WORXSCONSXTLTED IN PREPARING THE VOLUME,
I. A Cyclopedia of Missions. By Rev. Harvey Newcomb. New
York; Charles Scribner. 1854.
, LI. Cyclopedia of Chris1 inn Missions. By tlw Rev. J. L. Aikman.
London and Glasgow ; Richard Griffin & Co. i860.
Ilf. The Missionary World; an Encyclopedia. New York: A.
I). F. Randolph & Co. 1873.
IV. Report of the'General Missionary Conference held at Allaha-
bad, 1872-73 ; with fttatietical Tables. Madras; C. Foster. 1873.
V. The History of Protestant Missions in India, from their
Commencement in 1703 to 187 i. By the Rev. M. A. Sherring,
M. A., LL. B. London : Trubner & Co. 1 875.
VT. Christianity in India. By the Rev J. Hough. 4 vols. 1839-45.
VII. History of the Ttfinquebar Mission. By J. F. Longer. Tran-
quebar Evange’ical Lutheran Mission Press. 1863.
VIII. The Life and Labors of Carey, Marshman and Ward. By
John Clark Marshman. London : Alexander Strahan & Co. 1874.
IX. Christian Missions in the East and West (Baptist Missionary
Society). 1792-1-873. London : Yates & Alexander: 1873.
X. The Pioneers ; a Narrative of the Plant ing of Christianity in
Bengal. By Rev. George Gogerlv. London : John Snow & Co. 1871.
XI. u The Land of Charity ” : a descriptive Account of Travancore
and its People. With especial reference to missionary labour. By the
Rev. Samuel Mateer. >F. L S. London : John Snow & Co. 1871.
Xil. History of the M’sgiong of the American Board of Commis-
sioners, for Foreign Missions in Jndig. By R. Anderson, DI). LL. I). 1875.
XIII. Hand-book of Bengal Missions, in connexion with the Church
of England. By the Rev. James Long. London : Shaw. 1848.
XIV. A History of Wesleyan Missions, from their Commence-
ment. By the Rev. William Moister. London : Eliot Stock. 1878.
XV. India and Indian Mirgiops. By the Rev. Alexander Duff, D.D.
Edinburgh: John Johnstone. 1840.
XVI. History of the Minions of rho Free Church of Scotland.
By tho Rev. Robert Hunter, M. A- London : T. Nelson and Sons. 1873.
XVII. A Manual of the Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian
('’hnrnh. U. S. A. By J«hi) C. I.owije. New York : William Rankin,
Jr. 1868.
AV III. Tho Land of the Veda. Dy Rev. William Butler, D. D.
New York : Carlton and Lanahan. 1871.
XIX The Land of the Tamulians and its Missions. By the Rev,
E R. Biiorlein. Higginbotham & Co. Madras. 1875.
XX. Mission Reports, General and Local, of various Societies,


CONTENTS.
Page.
CHAPTER I.
Early Danish Missionary Society
CHAPTER II.
Th» Baptist Missionary Society
CHAPTER III.
The London Missionary Society
CHAI TER IV.
The American Board;
I. Marathi Mission,
II. Madura Miss on,
CHAPTFR V.
Church oy England Missk nary S ci: t:es :
I Church Missionary Society.
II. Society for the Propagation of the Gospel,
CHAPT1 R VI.
The Wesleyan Missionary Society
chapter vii.
General Baptist Missi< nai y Society
CHAPTER VIII
Church of Scotland Missionary Society
CHAPTER IN.
Free Church of Scotland Missionary Society
CHAPTER X.
American Presbyterian Missionary Society
CHAPTER XI.
Basel Evangelical Missionary Society
1
9
27
50
0
co
73
73
97
105
110
113
118
130
14
.to


CONTENTS.
CHAPTER XII.
American Baptist Missionary Union: I55
I. The Burmese Mission, 155
II. The Assam Mission, 159
III. The Telugu Mission, 161
CHAPTER XIII.
The American Free Baptist Missionary Society 1GG
CHAPTER XIV.
Gossner’s Missionary Society 1G9
CHAPTER XV.
The Leipzig Lutheran Missionary Society 174
CHAPTER XVI.
The Irish Presbyterian Mission 180
CHAPTER XVII.
The American Evangelical Lutheran Missions: 185
I. General Synod, 185
II. General Council, 187
CHAPTER XVIII.
The Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Mission 188
CHAPTER XIX.
Arcot Mission of the Reformed Church (U. S. A.) 190
CHAPTER XX.
The Episcopal Moravian Missionary Society 193
CHAPTER XXI.
Sealkote Mission, United Pres. Church (U. S. A. ) 195
CHAPTER XXII.
The Methodist Episcopal Church Missions : 198
I. The North India Mission, 1 98
II. The South India Mission, 208
CHAPTER XXIII.
The Christian Vernacular Education Society 213
CHAPTER XXIV.
Rajpootana Mission, U. Pres. Church of Scotland. 215
CHAPTER XXV.
The Danish Evangelical Lutheran Mission 21*


CONTENTS.
ix
CHAPTER XXVI.
Hermannsburg Evangelical Lutheran Mission 218
CHAPTER XXVII.
Friends’ Foreign Mission Association 219
CHAPTER XXVIII.
The Indian Home Mission to the Santals 220
CHAPTER XXIX.
The Canadian Baptist Telugu Mission 222
CHAPTER XXX.
German Evangelical Missionary Society, (U.S.A.) 242
CHAPTER XXXI.
The Canadian Presbyterian Mission 225
CHAPTER XXXII.
The Swedish Evangelical Missionary Society 227
CHAPTER XXXIII.
Other Missions 228
Appendices: 236
I. The Martyred Missionaries of 1857, 236
II. Missionaries of Woman’s Societies, 237
III. Missionaries in Ceylon, 244
IV. Statistical Summaries, 249
ABBREVIATIONS*
A. —Arrived in India.
Ad.—Address.
B. —Born.
Col.—College.
E.—Educated at.
Eng.—England.
Engl.—English.
H. —Health-furlough.
I. —India.
Inst.—Institution.
L. —Literary efforts,
M. —Married,
O.—Ordained.
0. D. —Ordained Deacon.
0. E.—Ordained Elder.
0. P.—Ordained Priest.
R. —Returned.
Rt.—Returned to India,
Ret.—Retired.
S. —Station ; field of labor.
Sem.—Seminary.
Theol. —Theologica 1,
Ver.—Vernacular.
W.— Work,


—


INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
CHAPTER I.
The Early Danish Missionary Society.
In the year 1705, at the instigation of the Chaplain to
the King of Denmark, Ziegenbalg and Plutschau, who had
been students at the University of Halle, were sent forth as
missionaries to Tranquebar, where they landed July, 1706.
In beginning their work they met with little sympathy from
those about them, and, notwithstanding the King of Den-
mark’s injunctions, opposition was shown them, especially by
the Governor of the Colony. Other difficulties were experi-
enced, but the missionaries remained at their post, and con-
tinued to preach, teach, write and translate. Three years
and-a-half after their arrival the Native Christian commu-
nity numbered 160 persons. The need of funds being felt,
attempts were made to raise money in Germany and also in
England ; as one of the results of which, the Society for the
Propagation of the Gospel (established by royal charter in
1701) sent the missionaries a donation of £20, and a collec-
tion of books. From this time much interest continued to
be taken in England in the welfare of the Tranquebar Mission.
King George I. manifested his good-will by writing the fol-
lowing letter to the missionaries in 1717, which is worthy of
being recorded as an example to be followed by other crown-
ed heads :—•
“ George, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain,
France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c., to the
Reverend and Learned Bartholomew Ziegenbalg and John


2 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
Ernest Grundler, missionaries at Tranquebar in the East Indies,
Reverend and Beloved:
Your letters, dated 20tb of January of the present year,
were most welcome to us, not only because the work under-
taken by you of converting the heathen to the Christian faith
doth by the grace of God prosper, but also because that, in
this our kingdom, such a laudable zeal for the promotion of
the Gospel prevails. We pray you may be endowed with
health and strength of body, that you may long continue to
fulfil your ministry with good success, of which we shall be
rejoiced to hear. So you will always find us ready to succour
you in whatever may tend to promote your work, and to ex-
cite your zeal. We assure you of the continuance of our
Royal favour.
We pray you may enjoy strength of body and mind for
the long continuance of your labours in this good work, to
the glory of God and the promotion of Christianity among the
heathen, that its perpetuity may not fail in generations to
come.
Given at our Palace of Hampton Court, the 23rd of Aug-
ust, 1717, in the 4th year of our Reign. George R.”
It was not thought proper to extend the labors of the
Propagation Society to the East Indies, and the Society for
the Propagation of Christian Knowledge (established in 1699)
became the Patron of the Mission. A fund with special refer-
ence to the Danish Mission in India was opened, and to this
contributions came from all quarters.
Two years after reaching India, Ziegenbalg began the
translation of the New Testament into Tamil and finished it on
the 21st March, 1711. By 1719, the year of his death, he
had translated as far as Ruth in the Old Testament. Schultz,
who arrived in 1719, resumed the translation at this point, and
finished it in 1725. This earnest and scholarly missionary pro-
ceeded to Madras in 1726, where he established a Mission,
preached, translated the Bible into Hindustani, and gathered
in a numbei’ of converts. Much interest was cherished both
in the Tranquebai’ and Madras work by the Protestants of Den-
mark, Germany, and England, and especially by the Royal
Families of these countries.


DANISH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
3
In and following' 1732, the missionaries extended their
labors to Negapatam, and thence to Sadras on the sea-coast;
and to Fort St. David to the north of Cuddalore : the latter
station was itself occupied in 1737. Meanwhile, several con-
gregations of Christians had grown up in the adjoining king-
dom of Tanjore, which were placed under the care of pastors.
A Christian community was also formed at Pulicat. In 173(5
the country congregations contained 1,140 members, and the
Tranquebar congregations, 1,189. During- the next ten years
3,812 persons were baptized, and the knowledge of Christian-
ity was scattered through Tranquebar, portions of Tanjore, and
cities, towns and villages on the Coromandel coast from Madras
to Ramnad.
In 1756, half a century after the founding of the Mission,
the missionaries, now increased to eight, on reviewing the
Mission’s history found that about 11,000 persons in this one
Mission had abandoned idolatry and superstition and embraced
the Gospel of Christ; a cheering and stimulating fact.
In 1758, after the capture of Cuddalore by the French,
and the consequent interruption to missionary work, Kiernan-
dor, at the request of the Danish missionaries, proceeded to
Calcutta, where he labored diligently for many years.
In 1760, Schwartz, who had ariived in India ten years
before, and had been earnestly and successfully engaged in and
about Tranquebar, paid a visit to Ceylon. In 1766, he estab-
lished a Mission at Trichinopoly, under the auspices of the
Christian Knowledge Society, where he labored with the en-
thusiasm which was characteristic of his entire missionary life.
About 1773, supported by the Mission at Madras, and with
the approval of Schwartz, a catechist was sent to Vellore,
where he established a Mission, and where a Christian com-
munity was soon formed. In 1776, Schwartz took up his abode
in Tanjore; and the Mission there may be regarded as com-
mencing from this date. This “ Apostle of India,” as he has
been called, continued incessant in labors at Tanjore and else-
where until his death, in 1798.
The province of Tinnevelly, which for years had been con-
sidered as an outstation of Tranquebar, was occupied in 1785,
a Mission having beon formed at Palamcottah, the Capital. Tlai-s



4 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
proved a promising field, and when Gericke visited it, in 1802,
be baptized no less than 1,300 persons. On account of the
diminished number of missionaries of the Danish and Christian
Knowledge Societies, Tinnevelly was virtually left to itself and
the Mission was correspondingly weakened. In 1817, mainly
through the efforts of the Rev. J. Hough, Chaplain at Palam-
cottah, it was transferred to the Church Missionary Society.
With the death of Schwartz in 1798, the first period of
Protestant Missions in India may properly be sa’d to end.
After this date, but five of the fifty-four missionaries of the
Danish Society arrived in India, and although several continu-
ed to labor at Tranquebar and elsewhere during the early part
of the present century, still the interest decreased, and the Mis-
sions were either abandoned or incorporated with those of the
Church of England and the Propagation Societies. (Vide
Sherring’s “ History of Protestant Missions in India,” pp. 55;
341, 342 ; 385-387.)
The following list of the laborers connected with this
pioneer Mission is taken from Fenger’s “ History of the Tran-
quebar Mission : ’’—
Henry Plutschau. B. at Wesenberg in Mecklenburg. E. at Ilalle,
0. at Copenhagen, 1705, embarked from thence Nov. 29, 1705, A. at
Tranquebar, July 9, 170G, left I. Sept. 15, 1711, I), in Holstein, about
1746.
Bartholomew Ziegenbalg. B. at Pulsnitz, Saxony, June 24. 1683,
E at Halle. O. and A. with the former, went home Oct 26. 1714, B,
by way of England, landed at Madras Aug. 10, 1716, D. at Tranquebar,
Eeb. 23, 1719.
John Ernest Grundler. B. at Weissensee. April 7.1 677. E. at Halle,
O. at Copenhagen, 1708, embarked there Nov. 17, 1708, A. at Tran-
quebar, July 20, 1709, I). March 19, 1720.
John George Bovingh. A Westphalian. E. at Kiel, O. and A. with
the last mentioned, Ret. in 1711.
Polycart Jordan. Sentout unordained with the two last men-
tioned, went home in 1714, where he remained.
Benjamin Schultze. B. at Sonnenburg, 1689, E at Halle, embark-
ed at Deal, March 20, 1719, A at Madras. July 25, 1719,0. at Tran-
quebar. 1720. began the Madras Mission 1728, went home 1713, D. at
Halle, Nov. 25, 1760.
Nicholas Dal. B. at Anslet. Denmark. April 2. 1690, E. at Jena
and Halle, A with the last mentioned, O. at Tranquebar June 7, 1730,
P, May 5„ 1747.



DANISH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
5
J. Henry Kistenmacher. B. at Burg in Magdeburg, A. with the
two last mentioned, D. Feb. 10, 1722. (Unordained).
M. Bosse. B. at Nelben in Magdeburg, 0. at Copenhagen, 1724,
embarked at Deal, Feb. 15, 1725, was in 1749 discharged and recalled
to Copenhagen, where he D. 1750.
Christian Frederick Pressier. B. at rcrlebcrg, July 2G, 1697,
E. at Jena and Halle, 0. and A. with the last mentioned, D. Feb. 15,
1736.
Christian Th. Walther. B. at Schildberg in Brandenburg, Dec.
20, 1699, E. at Halle, 0. and A. with the two last mentioned, 11.
to Europe 1739, D. at Dresden, April 29, 1741.
Andrew Worm. B. in Mecklenburg-Strelitz about 1704, E. at
Jena and Halle, 0. at Copenhagen 1729, A. July 1, 1730, D. May 30,
1735.
S. G. Bichsteig. B. at Landsberg, Brandenburg, 1701, E. at Halle,
0. and A. with the last mentioned, D. May 12, 1735.
John Anton Sartorius. B. at Laufenselten, in Hesse-Bhcinfels,
Feb. 21, 1704, E. at Halle. 0. in Lon. (by the Lutheran Court-Chap-
lain Kuperti), A. 1730. He began the Mission in Cuddalore, 1737, D.
there, 1738.
John Ernest Giester. B. at Berlin, E. at Jena and Halle, 0. 1731,
A. 1732, went with Sartorius to Cuddalore 1737, II. to Madras, 1743,
left the Mission, 1746, went to Batavia and there embarked for Europe,
but D. on the voyage, 1746.
G. W. Obuch. B. at Morungen, in East Prussia, May 20, 1707,
E. at Halle, 0. at Copenhagen, 1736, A. in Tranquebar Aug. 19,
1737, where he D. Sept. 3, 1745.
J. Char. Wiederrock. B. at Minden in Westphalia, Feb. 9, 1713,
E. at Halle, 0. and A. with the last mentioned, labored at Tranque-
bar until his death, April 7, 1767.
J. Balthasar Kohlhoff. B. at Neuwarp in Western Pomera-
nia, Nov. 15, 1711, E. at Bostock and Halle, 0. and A. with the two
last mentioned, labored at Tranquebar more than 53 years, D. there Dec.
17, 1790.
Johann Zacharias Kiernander. B. at Linkoping in Sweden, Dec.
1, 1710, E. at Upsala and Halle, 0. 1739, embarked at Gravesend April
1, 1740, landed at Cuddalore Aug. 28,1740, labored there till 1758,
when he went to Calcutta to commence a Mission, where he labored ear-
nestly many y ears : D. at Chinsurah, in 1794.
Johann Philipp Fabricius. B. at Cleeberg, Jan. 22, E. at
Giessen and Halle, 0. at Copenhagen, 1739, A. with the last mention-
ed, labored at Tranquebar till 1742, when he became Schultz’s successor
at Madras, where he died Jan. 24, 1791, after more than 50 years’ resi-
dence in I.
Daniel Zegbin. B. at Stettin in Pomerania, Aug. 26, 1716, E.
at Halle, 0. with the last mentioned, and A. with him and Kiernander,
labored nearly 40 years at Tranquebar, where he D. May 4, 1780.
Olhf Maderup. B. at Maderup, Denmark, April 29, 1711, E. at
Copenhagen, 0. there, 1741, embarked Nov. 19, 1741, A, at Tranque-



6 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
bar July 1,1742, labored at Tranquebar more than 34 years, D. there
Nov. 20, 1776.
Jacob Ivlein. B. at Elbing in Prussia, Jan. 20, 1721, E. at Halle,
0. at Copenhagen, 1744, embarked at London, March 29, 1745, A. Aug.
3, 1746, labored nearly 44 years at Tranquebar, where he D. May 18,
1790.
J. Ch. Breithaupt. B. at Dransfield in Hanover, 0. at Wer-
nigerode, 1745, A, with the last mentioned, learned Tamil at Tranquebar,
went to Cuddalore, 1747, and to Madras, 1749, where he labored, and
1). Nov. 17, 1782, after more than 36 years’ residence in I.
Christian Frederick Schwartz. B. at Sonnenburg in Neumark,
Oct. 26, 1726, E. at Halle, 0. at Copenhagen, Sept. 17, 1749, landed at
Cuddalore July 30, 1750, labored more than eleven years in Tranquebar,
commenced (in 1762) the Mission in Trichinopoly, settled at Tanjore,
1778, D. there Feb. 13, 1798, after more than 47 years’ residence in I.
David Poltzenhagen. B. at Wollin in Pomerania, 1726, E. at
Halle, 0. and A. with the last mentioned, went to Cuddalore, It. to Tran-
quebar for two years (1758-60), D. at Cuddalore, 1781.
G. H. Conr. Hutteman. B. at Minden in Westphalia, 1728, E.
at Halle, 0. and A. with the two last mentioned, went to Cuddalore,
R. to Tranquebar 1758-60. D. at Cuddalore, 1781.
Peter Dame. B. at Flensburg, in Sleswick, May 22, 1731, E. at
Halle, 0. at Copenhagen, 1754, A. 1755, D. on a journey at Tanjore,
May 5, 1766.
Christian Wilhelm Gericke. B. at Colberg in Pomerania, April 5,
1742, E. at Halle, 0. at Wernigerode, 1765, A. after a long and danger-
ous voyage at Point de Galle, Dec. 4, 1766, arrived, after some stay in
Ceylon, at Tranquebar, June 6, 1767, went to Cuddalore, labored at vari-
ous places especially at Negapatam, until 1788, when he became Fabri-
cius’ successor, (and Chaplain of the Female Asylum) at Madras, D. at
Vellore, Oct. 2, 1803, and was buried at Madras.
J. F. Konig. B. at Konnern near Halle, Oct. 26. 1741, E in the
Orphan-house at Halle, 0. at Copenhagen, 1767, A. 1768, D. at Tranque-
bar Feb. 4. 1795.
F. W. Leidemann. B. in Lippe-Schaumburg, Jan. 6, 1742, E.
at Ilalle, 0. and A. with the last mentioned, D. Aug. 8. 1774.
AV. Jacob Muller. B. in Waldeck, May 24. 1734. E. at Halle,
0. at Copenhagen. 1769 A. June 12, 1771, D. Dec. 30, 1771.
Christopher Samuel John. B. at Frobersgrun near Greiz, Aug
11, 1747, E. at Halle, 0. and A. with the last mentioned, D. after more
than 42 years’ labor at Tranquebar, Sept. 1, 1813.
J. Ch. Diemer. B. in Alsatia (Lower-Rhine, France), 1745, E.
at Strasburg and Halle, 0. at Wernigerode, 1773, A. at Bombay, 1774,
and went to Calcutta, married, R. to Eng. 1785, R. to Calcutta, 1789,
where he D. 1792.
J. AV. Gerlocii. B. at Schlitz near Fulda, 1738, E. at Halle,
O. at Copenhagen, 1775, A. Aug. 5, 1776, went to Calcutta, 1778,
where he D. 1792.


DANISH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
7
J. P. Rottler. B. at Strasburg (Lower-Rhine, Prance), June, 1749,
E. at Strasburg, 0. and A. with the last mentioned. Labored at Tran-
quebar till 1803. when he was provisionally sent to Madras : was uncon-
nected with any Home Mission, 1806-17, when he took charge of the
Madras Mission under the “ District Committee.” D. after 60 years’
residence in I. Jan. 24, 1836.
J. J. Schoelkopf. B. at Kirchheim in Wurtemberg, 1748, E. at
Tubingen, 0. at Wernigerode, 1776, A. June 16, 1777, D. at Madras,
July 11, 1777.
Ch. Pohle. B. in Lower Lusatia (Brandenburg) March 9, 1744,
E. at Leipzig, 0. at Copenhagen in 1776, A. 1777, D. at Trichinopoly,
after more than 41 years’ labor. Jan. 28, 1818.
Lor. Free. Rulfsen. B. in Sleswick, April 7, 1753, E. at Copen-
hagen, was sent (with two unordained assistants for Calcutta) to Tran-
quebar, A. June 16, 1780, and died of fever soon after.
J. Dan Mentel. B. at Strasburg (Lower-Rhine, France), Feb.
13, 1755. E at Strasburg, 0. at Copenhagen, 1780, A. 1781, R. to
Europe in 1784.
Peter Rubek Hagelund. B. in Denmark, 1756, was sent out in
1785. D. at Tranquebar, Oct. 1, 1788.
J. Caspar Kohlhoff. (Son of J. Balthasar Kohlhoff) B. at Tranque-
bar, 1726, brought up by C. F. Schwartz, 0. by him at Tranquebar,
1787, labored at Tanjore till his death March 27. 1844.
Jos. Dan. Janicke. B. at Berlin July 27, 1759, E. at Halle, 0.
at Wernigerode, 1787, A. 1788, labored at Tanjore and Palamcottah, and
D. at the former place, May 10, 1800.
Aug. Fred Cammerer. B. in Brandenburg. June 22, 1767, E. at
Halle, 0 at Copenhagen, 1789, suffered shipwreck at the Cape, A. 1791,
was at Tranquebar for many years, D. Oct. 22, 1837.
C. W. Pazold. B. in Lusatia, 1764, E at Wittemberg, 0. at
Wernigerode, 1792, A. 1793, where he assisted Gerickc, went to Calcutta
as Professor of Tamil in the College of Fort William, 1802, R. in 1804
to Madras, where he labored till his death, Nov. 4, 1817.
E. Pii. II. Stegmann. B. at Cassel 1773, E at Marburg. 0. at
Copenhagen, 1795, A. 1796, R. to Europe in 1797, Rt. in 1799, R.
to Europe. D. at Funen.
W. Tob. Ringeltaube. B. in Silesia 1770, E. at Halle. 0. at
Wernigerode 1796, A. 1799, R the same year to Eng. Joined the London
Missionary Society, Is said to have been killed on a journey into the
interior of Africa before 1820.
J. M Go. IIolzberg. B. near Gorlitz, April 28, 1770, E. at Leip-
zig, 0 with the last mentioned, A. 1797, labored at Tanjore till 1803,
and then at Cuddalore where he D. Dec. 19, 1824.
Lamb. Cii. Fruchteniciit. 1799-1802.
Christoph II. Horst. B. near Schwerin, 1761, studied medicine
at Gottingen, joined the army and arrived with his regiment at Madras
1787, joined the Mission as a catechist at Cuddalore in 1792, removed to
Tranquebar, 1803, then to Tanjore 1806, where he was ordained by
Pohle, and D, July 18, 1810.


INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
Dan. Schreyvogel. B. at Lindau. Bavaria, Jan. 1G, 1777, was
sent out unordained as a catechist to Tranquebar 1803, A. 1804. 0. at
Tranquebar 1813, resigned and joined the English Church by re-ordina-
tion, 1826, D. at Pondicherry, Jan 16, 1840.
Christi.. Augustin Jacobi. B. at Olbernhau in Saxony, May 26,
1791, E. at Leipzig and Ilalle, 0. at Copenhagen 1812, embarked in
Eng. 1813, A. at Tanjore, but died immediately after arriving, Feo.
21, 1814.
J. Gr. Ph. Spersohneider. B. in Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, 1794,
E at Leipzig and Jena. 0 at Halle 1818, A. in Nov. 1819, went to
Tanjore where he labored until 1826, when his connection with the Pa-
tron Society was dissolved.
Laur. Pet. Haubroe. B at Copenhagen. 1791, E. at Copenhagen,
0. at Roeskilde, 1818, A. in Madras Feb. 1819, labored there till
1827, removed to Tanjore, where he D. 1830.
David Rosen. B at Ebeltoft, Denmark, 1791, E. at Copenhagen,
0. and A. with the last mentioned, labored in Trichinopoly till 1824, at
Cuddalore till 1829, then at Palamcottah till 1830, was at the head of the
Danish colonization experiment on the Nicobar Islands, 1831-34. R.
to Palamcottah. 1835, went home 1838, was appointed pastor of Lille
Lyndby in Zealand, I). 1862.
K. E. Mohl. A. 1829, was pastor of Zion Church, Tranquebar,
went home, 1835.
Hans Knudsen. B. at Copenhagen, Jan. 11, 1813, E. at the same
place, came to I. in 1837, was pastor of Zion Church, Tranquebar
till May 1843, when he fell sick and R. to Europe.
Aaron. B. at Cuddalore about 1699, baptized at Tranquebar Aug. 5,
1718: 0. Dec. 28, 1733: D. June 25, 1745.
Diogo. B. of Roman Catholic parents about 1705: joined the Lu-
theran Church Nov. 17, 1713: 0. Dec. 25, 1741 : D. in Oct. 1781.
Ambrose. B. of Roman Catholic parents in 1709: joined the Luth-
eran Church Aug. 8, 1717 : 0. at Poreiar April 9, 1749 : D. Feb. 8,
1777.
Philip. B. of heathen parents in 1731: baptized at Tranquebar
Sept. 3, 1841 : 0. Dec. 28, 1772 : D. Feb. 4, 1788.
Rayappen. B. at Poreiar in 1742 0. in 1778, D. March 25, 1797.
Sattianaden. 0. Dec. 26, 1790, D. in 1815.
Najanapragasam. 0. March 17, 1811, D.—
Adeikkalam. 0. March 17, 1811 : D.—
Vedanayagam. 0. March 17, 1811: D. about 1813.
Abraham. 0. March 17, 1811 : D.—
Schawrirayen. B. in 1751 at Valipaleam. 0. in 1813, D. Sept.
25, 1817.
Nallathambi. 0. in Aug. 1817, D, in 1857.
Abraham. 0. in Aug. 1817, I).—
Pakianaden. 0. in Aug. 1817, D.—


CHAPTER II.
The Baptist Missionary Society.
This Society, the pioneer of the many Missionary Socie-
ties which have sprung’ up during the last century, was or-
ganized mainly through the tireless efforts of William Carey.
In the year 1791, when preaching at Leicester, ho pressed
upon the attention of his ministerial brethren his favorite
theme, the degraded state of heathen lands; and respectfully
submitted for their consideration, “ whether it was not practi-
cable and their bounden duty to attempt somewhat towards
spreading the Gospel in the heathen world.” At the next
meeting of the Nottingham Association, in May, 1792, Mr.
Carey preached his memorable sermon from Isaiah 54, 1-3,
and dwelt with great power on his two leading divisions—■
“ Expect great things from God; and attempt great things
for God.” The impression produced by this discourse was so
deep and general that the Association resolved upon institut-
ing a mission to the heathen at their next meeting in Autumn.
On the 22nd of October, 1792, the Society was formed, and
although the collection on the occasion amounted to but <£13
2s. 6d., ample funds speedily flowed in from various quarters.
After the formation of the Society, the next great ques-
tion was in reference to its specific field of operation. Mr.
Carey had thought long and anxiously about the South Sea
Islands, and held himself in readiness to proceed thither if any
Society would send him out with the means of support for
one year. Just at that time he met with Mr. Thomas, who
had been a surgeon in an East Iudiaman, which situation he
had given up in order that he might become a preacher to the
heathen. He had learned the Bengali language, and, after
some years of evangelistic work, had returned to England
and was collecting funds for the establishment of a Christian
Mission in Bengal. The Society’s Committee, after consulting
with Mr. Thomas, and being fully of the opinion that a door
was opened in the East Indies for preaching the Gospel to the
2


I o
INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
heathen, agreed to invite him to go out under the patronage
of the Society, agreeing to furnish him with a companion if
one could be obtained. Mr. Carey was willing to go at once :
and, after encountering numerous and complicated difficulties,
financial, domestic and political, they at length embarked for
India in the Princess Maria, a Danish East Indiaman, on the
13th of June, 1793, They reached Calcutta in safety on the
11th of November. On arriving, they found the way closed by
the restrictions of the East India Company against their open-
ly pursuing their vocation as Christian missionaries, and being
uncertain as to their future support from England, they went
up country and took situations which were offered them in
connection with indigo factories, in the neighbourhood of
Maida.
On the 1st of November, 1795, the missionaries formed
a church at Mudnabutty (where Mr. Carey had fixed his resi-
dence) consisting of themselves and two Englishmen. In 1796,
the Rev. John Fountain was sent out to reinforce the Mission.
In 1797, the missionaries made an excursion to Bootan, preach-
ing Christ in many new places. During 1798, a school was
established and a printing press set up at Mudnabutty for the
printing of the Scriptures, the translation of which into Ben-
gali was made a primary object of the Mission. In October,
1799, Messrs. Ward, Brunsdon, Grant and Marshman arrived
in India, and, owing to the hostility of the British Government,
proceeded to Serampore, a Danish settlement. After consult*
ing with the other missionaries, it was determined to remove
the Mission from Mudnabutty to Serampore, which was done
early in 1800. On the 24th of April, 1800, the missionaries
united together as a church. The printing of the New Testa-
ment in Bengali was begun May 26, 1800, and was finished
February 7, 1801. The first Bengali convert, Krishna Pal, was
baptized on the last Lord’s Day in December, 1800.
The work gradually spread from Serampore. Dinagepore,
Cutwa and Jessore were occupied as mission stations by 1804.
In the early part of 1805, four additional missionaries from
England arrived. In 1809, a new place of worship for Euro-
peans and natives was opened in Calcutta, costing Rs. 30,000.
In 1806, and onward for several years, tho Mission ex-


BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
11
perienced severe trials from the opposition of Government,
which seemed determined to conciliate the Hindoos by pro-
tecting their idolatrous forms of worship against all interfer-
ence from the missionaries. Prejudice and bigotry joined
hands in endeavoring to prevent missionaries entering India.
Besides other forms of opposition, Government proceedel to
prohibit the circulation of tracts and public preaching in Cal-
cutta: and this opposition reached a climax when on the ar-
rival of two new missionaries from England in August, 1806,
they were peremptorily ordered to quit the country immedi-
ately. Like others who had preceded them, they at once plac-
ed themselves under the special protection of the Danish Gov-
ernor of Serampore and even then barely escaped. At times
the Government abstained from interference, but at other times
itvas violently opposed to missionary enterprises. In 1812
it ordered two missionaries to be expelled the country, and
then all others brought to its notice, with the exception of
those at Serampore. The last of those thus expelled was the
Rev. Mr. Johns, who, in spite of all protestations, was sent
homo to England, at an expense to the (Baptist) Society of
£500. In the same year, 1813, the new East India Company
Charter came into force, removing' all restrictions on mission-
aries entering the country.
The work at Serampore and in adjoining stations was
energetically carried forward. “ In no country in the world
and in no period in the history of Christianity,'” says the author
of Protestant Missions in India, “was there ever displayed such
an amount of energy in the translation of the sacred Scrip-
tures from their originals into other tongues, as was exhibited
by a handful of earnest men in Calcutta and Serampore in the
first ten years of the present century. By their own industry,
and that of other persons in various parts of India, who had
caught from them the inspiration for the work, during this
short period, portions of the Bible, chiefly of the New Testa-
ment, had been translated and actually printed, in thirty-one
Indian languages and dialects/’ The whole Bible was trans-
lated, through their agency, into a few, and the New Testa-
ment, into a larger number of languages.
In 1810 the missionaries arranged their labors under the


I 2
INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
specific designation of “The United Missionaries in India/*
comprehending Bengal with five stations, Burinah, Orissa,
Bootan, and North India with two stations, Patna and Agra.
The missionaries Chamberlain and Peacock reached the latter
place in May 1811, Lord Minto, strange to say, having given
them a passport.
In 1811 the number of members in all the churches ex-
ceeded 300, one-third of whom had been added within a little
more thana year. On the 11th of March, 1812, the mission
printing-house at Serampore was entirely destroyed by fire,
involving a loss of about £10,000, no part of which was in-
sured. So great was the interest taken in England in the
Mission that this whole loss was more than made good in the
short space of fifty days : and a powerful impulse was given
to the Mission by rendering it more generally known and pro-
ducing a simultaneous feeling of interest in all denominations.
During the year 1813 work was progressing in tea sta-
tions in Bengal, the missionaries were preaching- in ten lang-
uages and were preparing the Scriptures in many more. Al-
lahabad was occupied in 1814. During 1815-17 upwards of
400 persons were added to the churches. Dacca and Mon-
ghyr were occupied in 1816: Howrah, Sewry, Benares and
Delhi, in 1818. About this time the Serampore College was
projected : in which knowledge was to be imparted in English,
Hebrew, Greek, Sanskrit, Arabic, Chinese, and a multitude of
Indian languages : and lectures were to be delivered by quali-
fied professorsdn mathematics, medicines, jurisprudence, ethics,
and theology. A charter was obtained for- the College from
the Danish Government in 1829.
During the interval 1817-27 a controversy arose between
the Serampore missionaries and the Parent Society respecting
the property at Serampore. This culminated in a breach which
extended from 1827 to 1837, during which time the two bodies
labored independently. The Serampore mission had nine out-
stations, including Delhi, where the Rev. Mr. Thompson was
earnestly laboring. The Parent Society made its headquar-
ters in Calcutta, where the missionaries prosecuted their labors
with success. The printing press yielded a large revenue,
chapels were built in various parts of tho city, and schools were


BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
T3
opened. Early in 1838 harmony was restored between the
two bodies and the breach, healed. The plan of union pro-
vided that the translations and all the moveable property at
Se rampore should be transferred to Calcutta, which thence-
forth became the centre of interest in regard to translations,
printing, etc.
The Society occupies tho following stations: Calcutta, Ser-
ampore, Backergunge, Jessore, Dacca, Eastern Bengal, Dinage-
pore, Beerbhooin, Monghyr, Patna, Benares, Allahabad, Agra,
Delhi, Simla, Poona, Madras, and Ootacamund; there are in
all about 110 stations and sub-stations. It has 34 European
and 11 Native missionaries or Assistant missionaries, and 104
Native evangelists. About 2,500 children are taught in tho
day schools and 400 in the Sunday-schools connected with the
Society. The largest number of Christians connected with it is
in Backergunge, where the Christian community exceeds 4,000.
There are a considerable number of Christians also in the Twen-
ty-Four Pergunnabsj in Jessore, and in Delhi and its neigh-
bourhood. The native Church-members connected with the
Society number over 3,000, representing a nominal Christian
community of probably about 10,000. The Society has paid
special attention to the work of Bible Translation, especially
in the Bengali and Hindi languages, chiefly through the labor
of Drs. Carey, Yates, and Wenger, and Mr. Parsons, all of
whom have passed to their eternal reward. The Society en-
gages mainly in preaching, as distinguished from educational
work.
â– -------o---------
MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY.
Allen, Isaac. B. Bristol, Eng. June, 1831. E. Oberlin Col.,
Ohio, U. S. A., 1860,-62, O. Aug. 1863, A. Nov. 1863. S. Beerbhoom
and Dacca. II. to Eng., 1875-77. S. Dacca and Cachar. W. Engl, and
Ver. L. Several Engl. Tracts. Ad. Hilchar. Cachwr.
Anderson, James Henry. B. in Lon., 1827, E. at Stepney
Col., Lon. A. Nov. 2, 1854. S. Jessore, 1854-66, Acting Prin-
cipal Serampore College, 1866-68 ; for a time in Calcutta. II. six
months in 1862, and 1870-72, lit. 1873. S. Allahabad. Work, Ver.
at Jessore, Engl, and Ver. since. On account of wife’s ill health wont to
Eng. in Feb. 1881.


INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
Banerjea, Brojonath. Ad. Dinajepore, Bengal.
Banerjea, Tara Grand. B. Calcutta. Feb. 17, 1827. E. General
Assembly’s Inst., Calcutta, before the disruption of the Church of
Scotland. For some years prosecuted medical studies. Became a Christ-
ian Feb. 17, 1844. Taught in Mission schools in the capacity of
head-master about twenty-five years, for some years in the Cathedral
Mission Col., Calcutta. 0. bv the Presbytery of the Church of
Scotland in August, 1868. Was a missionary in connection with that.
Church till Feb. 1872, when he became a Baptist and afterwards .join-
ed the Baptist Missionary Society of Eng. at Calcutta. L. Trans-
lating the Koran and Institutes of Manu. Ad. Lower Circular lload,
Calcutta.
Barnett, T. A. 1880. Ad. Dacca, Bengal.
Bate, John Drew. A. 1866 Ad. Allahabad.
Bion, “Robert. A. 1847. Ad. Dacca. Bengal.
Broadway, D. T. A. 1856. Ad. Bankipore, Bengal.
Buksh, Samuel Peer. B. Calcutta, 18'23. 0. Intally chapel, Sept.
1875. S. Pastor of the Native Baptist Church, South Colinga St. L.
“ Ainulkal,” “ Brazen Serpent,” “ Namaze” in prose and in Moham-
madan Bengali, “ Birth and Childhood of Jesus,” and “ Narration of Ab-
raham” in verse and in Mohammadali Bengali, “ Gulpa Ratno” and
“ Catholic Errors” in prose in Bengali; versification of the Proverbs and
Ecclesiastes in Bengali—all these for Tract Society: Commentary on the
Proverbs of Solomon in Bengali, to be had at the depository of Tract
Society and in Baptist Mission Press. Ad. Intally, Calcutta.
Carey, William. (M. B. L.K.C.S , Edinburgh). B. July 12, 1849,
at Serampore, Bengal. Set apart as a medical missionary in Oct. 1874.
M. Oct. 26, 1874. A. Dec. 1, 1874. Ad. Delhi.
Chowrryappah, Samuel Joshua. B. 1849, at Bellary. Spent nine
years in Eng. two of which in Guinness’ East Lon. Institute. 0. in
Southampton, Jan. 13, 1875. A. Feb. 26, 1875. Labored in Tamil
and Telugu. Ad. Vepery, High Road, Madras.
Dueeadar, Anundo C. Ad. Jessore, Bengal.
Dutt, Gogon Chunder. B. of heathen parents, in 1839, near Dac-
ca. Converted in 1858. 0. 1862. Since 1867, S. Khoolna. L. Three
Tracts ; two on Romanism,” and one on “ Christian Baptism,” Bapt.
Miss. Press, Calcutta, Ad. Khoolna. Bengal.
Edwards, Thomas Richard. B. Hanthewy, Abergavenny. Monmouth-
shire, Feb. 27, 1857. E. Pontypool Col., accepted by the Baptist Mis-
sionary Society for mission work in I. July 8, 1879. A. Nov. 27, 1879.
Ad. Barrisal, Backergunge, Bengal.
Evans, B. A. 1880. Ad. Monghyr, Bengal.
Evans, Thomas. B. Sept. 28, 1826 at Newport, South Wales.
Entered the Baptist Theological Col. at Pontypool, Wales, in Jan.
1850. Set apart as pastor of “ The Tabernacle” at Pontypool, in 1853.
A. July 17, 1855. Appointed to Chitoura near Agra where he remained
until Jan. 1856, when he removed to Muttra. In May, 1857 was driven
into the Fort at Agra by the rebels, who destroyed all the mission pro-


BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
15
perty at Muttra. In Oct. 1858 lost all his property the second time
by a fire in the Agra Fort. In Feb. 1859 returned to Muttra where he
labored among the British soldiers and also among the Hindoos, until
Jan. 1861 when he removed to Delhi : took an active part in the famine
relief works. H. in April, 1863. While at home labored in the in-
terests of the Missionary Society, R. Nov. I860. Spent 1866 as pas-
ter pro tern, of the Baptist Church at Circular Road, Calcutta. Removed
to Allahabad in Jan. 1867, where he labored as pastor and in general
missionary work until March, 1873, when on account of ill health he
Was again compelled to leave I. After eighteen months in Eng. lit. and
was stationed at Monghyr, where he has since labored. W. both Eng.
and Ver. Ad. Monghyr, Bengal.
Ewen, John. B. Aberdeen, N. B. Oct. 1855, appointed by Free
Chui ch of Scotland Evangelist to Pachamba, Nov. 1874. A. April 1875.
Resigned on account of change of views on the subject of Baptism and
returned home Oct. 1876. Entered Bristol Baptist Col., Jan. 1877.
Attended Medical School in that city. 0. May 20, 1879. Appointed by
B. M. S. to Delhi. Rt. Nov. 1879. At present in charge of Medical
Mission. Ad. Delhi.
Guyton, Robert Firth. B. April 5, 1845, at Norwich. 0. at Chep-
stow, June, 1871. M. Oct. 1871. Labored three years as pastor of the
Baptist Ch arch, Chepstow, A. March 25, 1874. S. Delhi. Ad. Delhi.
IIallam, Ebenezer Charles Bethlehem. B. at Worcester, Eng.
Jan. 1. 1833. E. at King Edward’s Grammar School, Birmingham,
and Normal School, Toronto, Canada West. Converted at nearly 17
years of age, Baptized, December 16, 1849. Entered the ministry
as a licentiate in 1852, in connection with the Free Baptist denomi-
nation. 0. at Dereham, C. W., in 1855. Doc. 31, 1855. A. March
19, 1857. S. Jellasore, Orissa, from April 1857, until Feb. 1863. Was
then removed to Balasore, and in June of the same year sailed for Amer-
ica (on account of Mrs. Hallam’s ill-health, who died on the passage).
Rt. Feb. 19, 1867. S. Balasore. Removed to Midnapore in April,
1870, and was appointed to the tutorship of the Thcol. Class. Left
the Free Baptist Mission in Dec. 1872. Resided in Calcutta for six
months, acted for a short time, as Assistant Translator to the Bengal
Government, and commenced the publication of an Oriya Grammar • In
July, 1873, was appointed officiating pastor and missionary at Monghyr,
under the auspices of the Baptist Missionary Society of Eng. In
Jan. 1875 was transferred to Howrah, in Jan. 1877, transferred to
Allahabad. From March, 1857 to April 1870 W. was wholly in
Oriya : for the next three and a half years wholly in Bengali : following
this, chiefly in Engl. In 1874 his Oriya Grammar was completed and
made over to the Calcutta School Book Society : now to be had at their
Depository. In July, 1874, the honorary degree of M. A. was conferred
by Bowdoin College, U. S. A. II. in 1879, to Eng.
Heinig, Henry. B. Magdeburg, Germany, Jan. 30, 1810. E.
Berlin, 1836-37. A. Dec. 1838. S. Patna, 1838-50, Benares, 1850-81,
Ad. Benares.


i6
INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
James, AV. B. A. 1878. Ad. Dinagepore, Bengal.
James, AV. R. A. 1878. Ad. Bapt. Miss. Press, Calcutta.
Jones, Daniel. B. in Nov. 1850 at Llantwit Major, Glamorgan-
shire, S. AVales. Began to preach in Sept. 1869. E. Pontypool Col.
AVales, 1872-74. 0. Nov. 11, 1874. A. Dec. 7, 1874. S. Monghyr
till 1876 ; Benares, 1878; Agra, 1878-81. Ad. Agra.
Jordan, Charles. B. at Dulwich, Surrey, Oct. 1, 1841. E. Re-
gents Park; Col., Lon. Afterwards had pastoral work. Designation,
Aug. 1869. A. Nov. 8, 1869. S. Dec. 1869 to June, 1871, Bar-
risal: 1871-73, Engl, preaching, teaching and Ver. translation at Seram-
pore and Calcutta : 1873-78, President of Serampore Col.: in 1878
transferred to Calcutta, in 1879 H. to Eng.
Kerry, George. A. 1856. Ad. South Road, Intally, Calcutta.
Kobtraj, R. K. Ad. Calcutta.
Martin, Thomas. B. March 9, 1823, County Derry, Ireland. Con-
verted at an early age. Entered the Baptist Col. Bristol, in 1849.
AVas accepted by the Baptist Missionary Society in 1853, and set apart
for I. in May, 1854 M. June 28, 1854. A. Calcutta Nov. 2, 1854.
S. 1854-64, Backergunge, engaged chiefly in itinerating and preach-
ing ; 1864-76, Serampore, engaged mostly in teaching in the Col.;
in 1876 returned to Backergunge. H. 1866, one year : 1872. two and a
half years. Ad. Barrisal, Bengal.
McCumby, Alexander. B. Cawnpore, Dec. 1814. Enlisted in
the 31 st Regt., March, 1828. In 1838 left the army and joined Air.
Start’s Mission, with which he was connected for about 39 years. His
work has been Bazar and mela preaching. Has made extensive preach-
ing tours in Bengal and North I. AVent to Eng. in 1846 with Air.
Start. R. 1847. Joined the Baptist Missionary Society, 1S78, Allaha-
bad. AVas previously located in Dinapore for 11 years. Ad. Benares.
McKenna, Angus. B. Doc. 29, 1833. Entered the ministry in
1855. A. 1851. Joined the Society in 1856. Al. in August, 1857.
S. Serampore, 1857 : Dinagepore, 1862 : Chittagong, 1867 : Dacca,
1870: Barrisal, 1874: Dacca, 1874: Soory, 1879. H. From Feb. 1870
to Jan. 1873. AV. Engl, and Ver. Ad. Soory, Bengal.
AIorgan, Thomas. A. 1839. Ad. Howrah, Bengal.
Pearce, George. B. at Canterbury, Kent. 0. in June, 1826 :
Al. the same month. A. Oct 22, 1826. S. Chitpore, Seebpore, Intally,
Alipore, Seebpore, Serampore, and Ootacamund. Except about three
years, AV. has been entirely Ver. Translations : (1) “ Doddridge’s Rise
and Progress of Religion in the Soul” ; (2) Second Part of Bunyan’s
“ Progress”; (3) “ Pinnock’s Bible and Gospel History” ; (4) “ Compan-
ion to the Bible” (London Tract Society). Original: A Vernacular
Hymn-book ; A Compendium of Christian Duties; A Tract against
Popery ; The Voice of the Bible against Idolatry ; A Scripture Tract-
book ; Several smaller tracts. Several II. aggregating ten years. Ad.
Ootacanvund, Madras P.
Price, AV. J. Ad. Agra.


BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 17
House, George Henry. B. at Melton. Suffolk, Nov. 18,1838,
Brought up in the Church of England : became a Baptist in
youth : was baptized in 1854 : studied for the ministry in Stepney and
Regents Park Col. Was accepted for missionary service in I. in
1860 : left Eng. for I. in 18G1. M. Was sent to I. with
the view of specially engaging in the work of Bible translation
in Bengal. Remained in I. till May, 1863, when complete failure
of health necessitated a return to Eng. Remained in Eng.
nine years, most of the time as tutor in the Regents Park or
the Haverfordwest Baptist Theol. Col. R. in 1872. and settled in
Calcutta. For nearly four years had charge of the Baptist Mission
Press. For over two years acted as pastor of the Circular Road
and afterwards of the Lal Bazar Church. Has been to some extent
associated with Dr. Wenger in the revision of Bengali Bible and lias
engaged in other Ver. works. II. to Eng. in 1880.
Shah, Goolzar. B. near Calcutta about 1826. Appointed pastor
of the Intally church in 1852. In 1853 the Baptist churches of Intallv
and Colinga were united and he became pastor of the united church, re-
maining at Colinga until 1 865. In 1865 his secular employment called him
to Simla where he founded the Baptist mission. Labors at Simla dur-
ing the hot season and at Calcutta during the cold. 1871 visited Eng.
where he spent four months Ad. Simla.
Smith, James B. at Morley, Yorkshire, March 4, 1817. M. Be-
fore coming to I. he was connected with the Leeds Young Men’s
Preaching Association. A. in 1841. 0. in 1846. S. Cawnpore, then
Muttra and Chitoura, and subsequently, immediately after the muti-
ny, Delhi, where he has since remained. W. has been Ver preaching
in Delhi and surrounding villages, and establishing schools ; and Eng.
preaching in Delhi. II. 1861-62, to Australia: to Eng. 1867-68:
again in 1870 : and in 1876. Ad Delhi.
Spurgeon, Robert. B. Halstead, Essex, May, 17, 1850. O. at
East Lon. Tabernacle, 1873. A. March 19, 1874. S. Soory, 1874-
75, Jessore, 1876-78, Dacca, 1879.—Nov. 1880, Barrisal, Nov. 1880.
Ad. Barrisal, Bengal.
Summers, Edward Samuel. B. Lon. June 18, 1853. O. Oct. 1876.
A. Dec. 1876. S. Calcutta, 1877, Scrampore Col. 1878 to present
Ad. Serampore.
Thomas, Joseph Wilson. B. in Calcutta, Feb. 6. 1844. R. from
Eng. Nov. 1867. S. Serampore Col. till 1878. II. Nov. 1878—
Feb. 1880. Ad Bapt. Mission Press, Calcutta.
Williams, Albert. B in S. Wales, 1811. 0. 1866, A. 1866. S.
Circular Road Church, Calcutta, 1866-78, Principal Serampore Col.
1879. H. to Eng. March, 1875..—Oct. 1876. Ad. Serampore, Bengal.
3



1 8 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY,
DECEASED AND RETIRED MISSIONARIES.
John Thomas.—Mr. Thomas had been educated for the medical
profession, and, having obtained an appointment in the service of the
East India Company, proceeded to Calcutta in 1783 as a Surgeon.
Unable on his arrival to discover any one of a congenial Christian
spirit, he advertised, as he said, for a Christian who would assist in
promoting a knowledge of Jesus Christ in and around Bengal. Mr.
Chambers responded to the notice, and offered to encourage the transla-
tion of the New Testament into the Persian and Moorish languages.
This movement however led to no result, and Mr. T. returned to Eng-
land. He embarked as a Surgeon the second time, and, on his ar-
rival in Calcutta, was introduced to Mr. Grant, who was delighted with
his piety and zeal, a,nd raised a subscription to enable him to quit the
Company’s service, and devote his attention to the heathen. A mission-
ary station was thus formed at Goamalty, near Maida, where he applied
himself diligently to the Bengali language, into which he translated a
portion of the New Testament. He was employed for three years in
itinerating through the district, and made considerable impression on the
minds of several natives. In 1792, for various reasons, he determined to
visit England, and seek assistance for the establishment of a Mission in
Bengal. On arriving he heard of the formation of a Missionary Society
in his own denomination, and, after correspondence and consultation, he
was accepted as a missionary to India. In company with Mr. Carey ho
proceeded to Calcutta, landing there in November, 1793. After remain-
ing some months in Calcutta he removed to Maida where he took charge of
an indigo factory. Was afterwards engaged in superintending some sugar
factories in Beerbhoom. Amid all his secular engagements he never
neglected the instruction of the heathen. In December, 1800, while at
Seramporc, he was so overjoyed at the accession of a hopeful convert that
he began to exhibit symptoms of insanity and was placed in an Asylum.
After a month’s residence here he was restored to mental health, and
proceeded to Dinagepore to take charge of an indigo factory. Here he
died on the 13th of October, 1801. (Abridged from “ Carey, Marshman
and Ward.”)
William Carey.—Born in Northamptonshire. August 17, 1761. His
parents being in humble circumstances, he was brought up to the trade
of a shoe-maker. A sermon by Mr. Scott, the commentator, is said to
have been the means of his conversion, after which he first became a
village school-master, and then the pastor of a small Baptist church. At
an early period of his religious career he was imbued with a spirit of mis-
sionary enterprise far in advance of the times in which he lived. His
heart was greatly drawn out to the heathen world, and he continued
both with pen and voice to urge his views upon the attention of his breth-
ren in the ministry. Nothing less than his sublime earnestness and
unflagging zeal would have brought success : this at length rewarded him,
when in October, 1792, the Baptist Missionary Society was organized.
Mr. Carey at once with great gladness of heart offered his services to the
Society, and, with Mr, Thomas, was appointed to India. After many


BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY. ]p
vexatious delays and much self-denial in order to secure funds, (Mrs.
Carey having consented to accompany him on condition that her sister
should also go,) the party left England, June 13, 1793. Arriving in
Calcutta the following November they took up their residence there : but
before a month Mr. Carey was constrained to seek some cheaper residence.
He removed to Bandel, about 25 miles up the river, but as this was in
the neighborhood of European society, he proceeded with Mr. Thomas to
Nuddea, hut returned after a brief sojourn, to Calcutta. Here he was
reduced to great distress, and with his family removed for a time to the
Soonderbuns. He was rescued from this most unfavorable position
through the efforts of Mr. Thomas, and the superintendence of an in-
digo factory was offered him. He accepted this at once and removed to
Mudnabuttv, distant thirty miles from Maida. In this secluded spot
he passed more than five years of his life, preaching to the workmen of
the factory, itinerating in the villages, etc. His principal attention was
devoted to the translation of the New Testament into Bengali, for print-
ing which a press was purchased in Calcutta. The press was set up at
Mudnabutty, and is still preserved in the Serampore College. On the
arrival of Mr. Ward and his companions in 1799, Mr. Carey, then at
Kidderpore (a village which he had purchased), was not disposed to change
his residence, but, influenced mostly by Government opposition, he yield-
ed, and removed with his family to Serampore, where he arrived January
10, 1800. Soon after he became a teacher of the Bengali language in
the College of Eort William, entering upon the duties of his office May
12, 1801. Shortly after he was likewise appointed teacher of the
Sanskrit language; and compiled grammars of both languages. He was
also diligently engaged in translations. In 1807, on the remodeling of
the College, Mr. Carey was raised to a professorship, and his allowance
increased to Ils. 1,000 per month. On the 8th of March, 1807, he re-
ceived the diploma of Doctor of Divinity from Brown University, in the
United States, a title of which he was well worthy. His wife having died
Mr. Carey was married again in 1808. In July, 1809, he completed the
publication of the Bengali Bible ; and was at once seized with a fever
which brought him rapidly to the brink of the grave : the fever was
at length subdued, and he gradually recovered his strength. He. con-
tinued to labor with unabated zeal. Amidst all his missionary, biblical
and literary labors, he never lost sight of the material interests of the
country. In April, 1820, lie drew up the prospectus of the Agricul-
tural Society of India which was organized soon after, chiefly through
his efforts. On the 30th of May, 1821, he was visited with the loss of
his second wife, who had been of “ eminent service to him in the transla-
tion of the scriptures.” During 1823 he was married the third time.
In July, 1823, his labors were still further augmented by accepting the
office of Government translator in the Bengali language: he also
edited a Grammar and a Dictionary of the Bootan language, and com-
pleted his Bengali Dictionary. In the course of the year he was elected
a fellow of the Linnsean Society, a member of the Geological Society, and
a corresponding member of the Horticultural Society of London. On the




20 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
8tli of October he was again brought near death, but was gradually restor-
ed to health. During the year 1833 he experienced several severe attacks
of illness, and it was evident that his constitution was exhausted by his
forty years of incessant labor in the climate of Bengal, without a visit
to England, or even a voyage to sea to recruit his strength. After he had
completed the last revision of the Bengal translation, he felt that his
course was run, and his work accomplished. On Monday morning, the
9th of June 1834, he passed gently away to the better world. (Vide
“ Memoir of William Carey. By Eustace Carey”: “Carey, Marshman,
and Ward” ; and other volumes.)
John Fountain.—A resident of London. Appointed to the Mission
in Bengal, he embarked on one of the Company’s ships, rated as a ser-
vant, and entered India without attracting notice. He joined the Mission
at Mudnabutty towards the close of 1796. He removed with Mr. Carey
to Serampore in 1800, where, on the 20th of August of the same year,
he died.
Joshua Marshman.—Born at "Westbury Leigh in Wiltshire. April
20, 1768. As he grew up, his reading became somewhat extensive, and
when lie was fifteen he spent several months in the shop of a London
book-seller. Shortly after his return he united with the Baptist Church
in his native village. In 1791 he was most happily married. In 1794
he removed to Bristol where he was baptized, and where he passed_
through a course of study in the Academy. The perusal of the Periodi
cal Accounts, which recorded the labors of Mr Carey, gradually turned
his mind to missionary labor in India, and when it was known that the
Society was in need of laborers for that field, he offered his services and was
accepted. In company with Messrs Ward, Brunsdon, and Grant he em-
barked May 29, 1799, and reached Scrampore October 13th of the same
year. On the 18th of May 1800, Mr and Mrs. Marshman opened two
boarding schools which soon yielded a handsome income. On the 1st of
October he delivered his first address to tho natives in Bengali In July,
1801, he visited Jessore, which soon after became a mission station. At
the beginning of 1806, Mr Marshman commenced the study of Chinese,
with the view of translating the Scriptures into that language. For fif-
teen years he devoted himself to this arduous task, and he has the merit
of having carried tho first Chinese translation of the Bible through the
press. Mr. Marshman was eminently successful in collecting funds for
the new Chapel in Bow Bazar, Calcutta: in less than ton days he secured
£1.100 from those altogether unconnected with his own denomination.
In 1808 ho waited in person on every gentleman of eminence in Calcutta,
and obtained no less than £2,300 to aid in the printing of the Scriptures.
Two years later, in 1810, he published the first volume of his English
translation of the works of Confucius, with a preliminary dissertation on the
language of China; a monument of literary enterprise. Mr. Marshman’s
literary labors had attracted much attention in America, and in the
month of June, 1811. he was honored with the diploma of Doctor of
Divinity from Brown University. In the year 1814 he published his
“ Clavis Sinica, or Ivey to the Chinese Language,” the result of eight



BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOOIETY.
21
years of study. About the year 1815 he published his memorable pam-
phlet entitled, “ Hints relative to native Schools, together with an Out-
line of an Institution for their Extension and Management.” The plan
described in the pamphlet for the extension of vernacular schools suc-
ceeded beyond the most sanguine expectation. Within a year or two 45
schools were established within a circle of 20 miles around Serampore,
in which 2,000 children were taught. On the 31st of May, 1818, the
first number of the Sumachar Durpan, or Mirror of Neivs, was issued
from the Serampore press, conducted chiefly by Mr. Marshman. In the
same year the missionaries also commenced the publication of a monthly
magazine which was denominated the “ Friend of India,” a name which
was associated with the periodical publications of Serampore for more
than half a century. They also about this time issued the prospectus of
the Serampore College which was drawn up by Mr. Marshman. In
June, 1820, Mr. Marshman commenced the publication of a Quarterly
Friend. These journals from the beginning took an active part in the
discussion of all subjects of public interest. During the years 1820-21,
Mr. Marshman was engaged in his celebrated discussion with Bam Mohun
Hoy, on the doctrine of the Atonement. The controversy attracted much
attention and was beneficial to the interests of Christian truth. The chief
object to which his attention was directed at this time was the completion of
the Chinese version of the Bible, on which he had been engaged fourteen
years and the last sheet of which left the press in December, 1822. A
copy of it was presented to the British and Foreign Bible Society at their
annual meeting in May, 1823. In January, 1826, in the interests of the
Serampore College, Mr Marshman proceeded to England, where he land-
ed June 17th. He visited prominent cities in Great Britain, addressing
large audiences and awakening a deep interest in the work at Serampore.
He also visited Denmark, and in a personal interview with the King ob-
tained the royal sanction to the charter of the College. From Copenhagen
he proceeded to Paris and thence to England. After several months of
labor and travel he embarked for India, February 19, 1829, landing at Ser-
ampore on the 19th of May. For several years he was earnestly engag-
ed in teaching and literary work. At the beginning of 1834 his health
began to fail. The death of his colleague, Mr. Carey, in 1834, inflicted a
blow on his enfeebled constitution: and in 1835 he took a journey to the
sanitarium of Chirra Poonjee. During 1836, his health was precarious:
his spirits rose and sank with the prospects of the mission, and these
prospects were then not of the brightest. In 1837 it became
evident that his days of labor were nearly ended. About the middle
of the year he was disabled from all public services He grew
weaker until early in December, when he was called to enter into rest.
(Abridged from “ Carey, Marshman and Ward.”)
William Ward.—Born at Derby, October 20, 1769, the son of a
carpenter, who died while he was a child. At an early period while
only an apprentice, he manifested considerable mental ability, and was
afterwards employed in journalism for six years, first at Stafford, and
afterwards at Hull. At the place last named lie became decidedly



22 INDIAN MISSIONARYDIREOTORY.
religious, was publicly baptized, and commenced his theological studies
with a view to the Christian ministry. Shortly after, the Society called
for laborers for India, and Air. AVard was one of the four to respond.
Landing at Serampore he with his co-laborers was soon busily engaged
in missionary work : he set the first types of the Bengali Bible with
his own hands and presented Air. Carey with the first sheet of the New
Testament on the 18th of Alarch, 18G0. In October he went out to
preach alone in Bengali. Neither of his colleagues, it is said, ever ob-
tained that mastery of the colloquial language which he acquired. On
the 10th of Alay, 1802, Air. AVard was married to the widow of Air.
Fountain. Towards the close of 1810 he published the first edition of
his work on the “ History, Literature, and Alythology of the Hindoos,
including a minute description of their manners and customs, and Trans-
lations from their principal works for which he had been collecting
materials since his arrival in the country. Concerning this well known
work it has been truly remarked, “ The value of this rich store of in-
formation, which exhibits an unexampled acquaintance with the interior
economy of native society, has not been diminished by fifty years of
subsequent investigation, and the work continues to maintain its charac-
ter as the most complete and accurate record yet published on these
topics.” It has passd through a number of editions. In 1818, impaired
health necessitated a voyage to England, and he embarked on the 18th
of December, landing in England the following Alay. During the voyage
he partly composed a volume entitled, “ Reflections on the AVord of
God for every day in the year, to be used in family Devotions.” AVhile
at home he travelled, wrote and lectured in behalf of his brethren at
Serampore and the perishing millions in India Being the first mission-
ary who had ever returned to England from the East he receivedin every
circle a most enthusiastic welcome. He visited various parts of England,
Scotland and Wales, and besides other labors succeeded in raising £3,000
for the Serampore College. He paid a visit to Holland ; and also spent
three months in America where he was heartily welcomed, and where he
raised Rs. 20,000 for the College. Returning to England he embarked for
India in Alay, 1821. During the voyage he employed his time in writ-
ing farewell letters to his friends in England and America, which he was
subsequently prevailed on to publish: the work went through three edi-
tions. He reached Serampore, October 20, 1821 : resumed charge of
the secular department of the Alission, and of the printing office, and
worked the nineteen presses with increased diligence in the printing of
Scriptures and tracts ; but the object to which he gave his chief attention
was the training of the more advanced youths in the College for mission-
ary duties. He revised and published his “ Reflections :” and began
another literary work. He was enabled for a few months to resume his
labors with all the vigour of renewed health, when his career was sud-
denly terminated by an attack of cholera. On AVcdnesday evening the
5th of Alarch, 1823, he preached the evening lecture, apparently in good
health : the next day he attended to some work, but was seized with
cramps in the afternoon, and expired on Friday, at the age of 53.


BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
&3
William Lewis Grant.— A resident of Bristol. In company with
Messrs. Marshman, Ward and Brunsdon he landed at Serampore on the
13th of October, 1799. The dampness of the house occupied by the
missionary party caused Mr. Grant to be attacked with a severe cold
which brought on a fever : from the effects of which he died on the 31st
of October of the same year.
Daniel Brunsdon.—One of the four missionaries who came in
1799. He died in Calcutta on the 3rd of July, 1801, at the early age
of 24.
Felix Carey.—Eldest son of Dr. Carey. He was born in England
several years before Dr. C. came to India. Accepted by the Mission-
aries as a colleague in 1803. In 1807 he offered his services to assist in
the establishment of a Mission in Burmah : and in company with Mr.
Chater proceeded to Rangoon, at the close of the year. Hearing that he
had introduced vaccination at Rangoon, the King of Ava ordered him to
proceed to the capital and vaccinate the royal household He went to
Bengal for supplies, and on returning to Rangoon received orders to bring
with him the press which had been established there. The vessel in
which he embarked was upset by a squall in the river, and his wife and
two children were drowned. The press was lost. He resided some time
at the Court and proceeded to Bengal as the representative of the King,
but incurring his displeasure he was not ablo to return to Rangoon. Af-
ter leaving Burmah he led a wandering life on the eastern frontier of
Bengal for three years, when he returned to Serampore. From this time
to the date of his death, in 1822, he continued to labor in connection
with the Serampore missionaries.
John Chamberlain.—Sailed for India with his wife, by way of
America, in May. 1802, and reached Serampore, January 27, 1803. Hi
progress in acquiring the language was very rapid. Early in 1804 he
was stationed at Cutwa. Here he met with severe domestic afflictions
but continued to labor for five years. On the 16th of November, 1810,
Lord Minto granted a passport to Messrs. Chamberlain and Peacock, and
with the approval of their brethren they proceeded to Agra to form a
station. On account of disagreement with the Military authorities lie
was sent back to Serampore, after a lapse of eighteen months. Shortly
after, he returned to the North-west, and took up his residence rg Sir-
dhana : but in 1814, was again removed by the Government from the
North-West Provinces. Mr. Chamberlain soon after made choice of
Monghyr as his station, and there passed the remaining years of his life.
Having declined in health, he sailed for England with the hope of recov-
ery, but died on the passage, in 1821.


INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
Names.
’5
Joshua Rowe,
William Moor,
Richard Mardon,...
John Biss,
William Robinson,
Ignatius Fernandez,
William Carey, ...
Carpeit C. Aratoon,
William Johns,
John Lawson,
Henry Peacock,
-----Cornish,
-----Petruse,
Owen Leonard,
J. T. Thomson,
B. DeCruz,
William Thomas.
Jabez Carey,
-----DeBruyn,
L. Mackintosh,
W. Smith,
Eustace Carey,
William Yates, D. D.
John DeSilva,
James Penney,
W. H. Pearce, ...
-----Hart,
J. W. Ricketts, ...
J. Phillips,
Nath. M. Ward, ...
-----Burton,
Charles Evans, ...
John Statham,
John Mack,
John Johannes, ...
R. Richards,
James Williamson,
Andrew Leslie, ..
J. C. Fink,
----Hampton, ..
Thomas Swan,
-----Albrecht,
----Fenwick,
James Thomas,
J. D. Ellis,
To India From Stationed at
1805 Salisbury, Dinapore,
1805 Stogumber, . . Ditto,
1805 Devonport, . . Goamalty, ...
1805 Plymouth, Serampore, ...
1806 Olney, Dacca,
1806 Serampore, . . Dinagepore,...
1807 Ditto, Cutwa,
1809 Calcutta, Calcutta,
1810 Expelled, ... 1
1810 Trowbridge, . . Calcutta,
1810 Calcutta, Agra,
1810 Ditto, Dacca,
1810 Ditto, Jessore,
1810 Ditto, Dacca,
1810 Ditto, Delhi, &c., ...
1811 Goamalty,
1811 Calcutta, Jessore,
1811 Serampore, . . Amboyna,
1812 Chittagong, ...
1812 Calcuttta, Agra, &e., ...
1813 Cuttack, Benares,
1814 Paulerspury, Calcutta,
1813 Leicester, Ditto,
| 1815 Calcutta, Sylhet,
1816 Shrewspury, Calcutta,
1817 Birmingham, Ditto,
1817 Calcutta, Cutwa,
1817 Amboyna, Berhampore,
1818 Samarang, ...
1818 Sumatra,
1819 Deegali,
1819 Sumatra,
1820 Calcutta,
1821 Nailsworth, . . Serampore, ...
1821 Calcutta, Chittagong, ...
1821 Benares, Furrukabad,...
1823 Serampore, . . Beerbhoom, ...
1824 Edinburgh, . . Monghyr, ...
1824 .Calcutta, Chittagong, ...
1823 Bcerbhoom, . . Beerbhoom, ...
1824 Edinburgh, . . Serampore, ...
1824 -Dresden, Ditto,
1825 Chinsurah, ...
1826 Bradford, Calcutta,
1831 Exeter, Ditto,
Remarks.
Died 1823.
D. 1844.
D. 1812.
D. 1807.
D. 1852.
D. 1830.
D. 1853.
z Govt. 1813.
D. 1825.
D. 1820.
Ret. 1813.
Ret. 1813.
D. 1848.
D. 1849.
D. 1871
D. 1862.
D. 1816.
D. 1848.
D. 1852.

D. 1828.
D. 1845.
D. 1840.

D. 1829.
D. 1850.
D. 1828.
Ret. 1827.
Ret. 1827.
D. 1845.
D. 1864.
Ret. 1828.
D. 1866.
D. 1870.
D. 1856.
Ret. 1824.
Ret. 1829.
D. 1829.
D. 1858.
Ret. 1841,



BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
25
N AMES. To India. From Stationed at Remarks.
AV. Greenway, 1830 Dinaporc, . . D. 1880.
A. B. Lish, 1831 Calcutta, Agra, D. 1852.
John Lawrence, 1831 Loughton, Monghyr, ... 1). 1874.
11. Smylie, 1831 Bum Dum, ... Dinagepore, ... D. 1855.
John Leechman, d.d 1832 .Serampore, ... Ret. 1838
Henry Leddy, 1832 Patna, D. 1854.
IL DeMonte, 1833 Calcutta, Calcutta, D. 1855.
G. T. Anderson, 1834 Stepney, Ditto,
Richard Williams,... 1838 Agra, Agra, Ret. 1859.
Louis Kalberer, 1838 AVurtcmberg, Patna, D. 1866.
Robert Bayne, 1838 Cupar, Calcutta, Ret, 1840.
G. Parsons, 1839 Frome, Monghyr, D. 1840.
F. Tucker, 1839 Stepney, Calcutta, Ret. 1841.
T. Phillips, 1839 Ditto, Agra, &c., ... D. 1868.
AV. W. Evans, 1840 Hackney, I Calcutta, Ret. 1845.
G. Small, 1840 Bristol, Calcutta, &c., Rot. 1852.
John Parsons, 1840 Frome, Monghyr, ... D. 1869.
Robert Gibson, 1841 Stepney, Calcutta, D. 1842.
J. Parry, 1841 Barrisal, Jessore,
J. Makepeace, 1844 xA.gr a, Ret. 1 855
AV. II. Denham, 1844 London, Serampore, ... I). 18sg
C. B. Lewis, 1845 England, Calcutta, Ret. 187 g
John Sale, 1849 AVokingham,... Calcutta, &c , D. 18;^
C. F. Supper, 1851 AVurtemberg, Dacca, D. 1871.
J. Trafford, 1852 AVeymouth, ... Serampore, ... Ret. 1879
J. Jackson, 1853 Allahabad, ... D. 1S6G
John Gregson, 1854 Beverley. Agra, Ret. I872.
William Sampson,... 1855 Bristol, Serampore, ... Ret. 18g5.
J. Mackay, 1855 Scotland, Delhi, D. I857.
R. Robinson, 1856 Agra, Dacca, Ret. 1 869.
E. Dakin, 1857 Loughborough, Serampore, ... D. 1869.
J. G. Gregson, 1858 London, Agra, Ret. 1869.
J. Williams, F. T. Reed, 1859 AVales, Muthra, Ret. 1879.
I860 Bristol, Sewry, Ret. 1879.
J. Parsons, 1860 Meerut, Delhi, Ditto, 1873.
R. J. Ellis, E. C. Johnson, 1860 Scotland, Jessore, &c ,... D. 1877.
1861 London, Jessore &c , ... Ret, 18(0.
E. Edwards, 1862 Pontypool, ... Monghyr, &c , Ditto, 1872.
J. A. C'ampagnac, .. 1870 Calcutta, Ditto, D. 1873.
II. G. E. St. Dalmas, 1872 | Wellington, ... Hl war, Ret. 1878.
C. C. Brown, 1874 London, Barrisal, Ret. 1876.
J. Mintridge, 1874 Birmingham.,.' Jessore, D. 1875.
E. B. Francis, 1874 Poona, Ret.
AV. S. Miller, 1874 Benares, Ret.
11. J. Tucker, 1875 Sewry, Ret.
4


INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
26
John Chamberlain Page. B. at Monghyr, Nov. 28, 1822. 0. at
Calcutta in Dec. 1843, (having returned from. Eng. in 1838 destin-
ed for the army). Labored at Calcutta, preaching in Hindustani and
English : then in the 24-Pergunnalis : then stationed at Budge Budge
preaching from Calcutta to Gunga Sagor : next at Calcutta, teaching, and
preaching in Bengali, Hindustani and English in the city and suburbs. In
1848, transferred to Backergunge. His health failing, in Dec. 1S59 he
went to Eng., returning to Barrisal in Feb. 1862. In 1865 went
to the Australian colonies : was enabled to establish three Missionary
Societies, and, returning in 1866, to put agents into two districts in Ben-
gal. Health again failing, ho went to Simla in 1867, and to Darjeeling in
1868. Traveled in Independent Sikkim. Ke-visited England to recruit
his health, and returned in Jan. 1875 : was stationed at Darjeeling, un-
til 1876, when he retired.
John Wenger. B. August 31, 1811, in the canton of Berne, Swit-
zerland. E. for the Swiss National Church. Kesided in Greece as a
private tutor for some years, until 1838 when lie went to Eng. Was
baptized in Feb. 1839. In June, 1839 A. and immediately joined the
Kev. Dr. Yates in the work of translating the Holy Scriptures. The
Old Testament was finished in Feb. 1840 : the entire Bible shortly be-
fore the close of 1845. An improved edition of the entire Bible was
issued in 1852. A third and carefully revised edition was begun in 1855
and finally completed in 1861. While this was in press he visited
Eng. for health. K. in 1862. He next prepared an annotated edition of
the Bengali Scriptures, and following this, the revision of the text of 1861.
He also translated the Bible into Sanskrit taking up the work at the
death of Dr. Yates. The first volume was published in Nov. 1848. The
second appeared in 1852 : the tliird, in 1858 : and the fourth, which com-
pletes the entire work, in 1872. After re-visiting Eng. Kt. early in 1876-
Died at Calcutta, Aug. 20, 1880.


CHAPTER III.
The London Missionary Society.
This Society was organized in September 1795, the Rev.
Divid Bogue, d.d., of Gosport, taking the leading part in its
founding. The constitution of the Society is thoroughly catholic,
being intended to include in its management, support and prac-
tical working, Christians of all denominations. The chief sup-
port has always been drawn from the English Congregationalists,
and of late years increasingly so, as other churches have been
constrained to institute and support missions of their own.
The Society sent its first missionary to India in the year
1793. This was the Rev. N. Forsyth, who came in the first
instance to Calcutta, but finally settled at Chinsurah, twenty
miles to the north of that city. He labored at both places but
chiefly at Chinsurah. He continued alone in the work until 1812,
when he was joined by the Rev. Robert May, who succeeded him
at Chinsurah, and was soon deeply engaged in educational efforts.
He was so successful in this branch of labor that by the end of
1816 he had under bis superintendence as many as thirty schools
in which near three thousand children received instruction, and
for which Government gave a monthly grant of Rs. 800. Mr.
May was soon joined by the Rev. Mr. Pearson from England, and
by Mr. Ilarle. The mission at Chinsurah passed in 1819 into the
hands of the Free Church of Scotland : a printing press which
was first set up there was afterwards removed to Calcutta and
subsequently abandoned.
In the year 180-1, the Rev. George Cran and the Rev.
Augustus Des Granges were appointed to India by the Society,
and arrived at Madras in March, 1805. They remained here a
few months engaged in the study of the language, and then pro-
ceeded to Vizagapatam, the capital of the Northern Circars, where
they founded a mission which has continued since. They opened
schools and soon began translating the Scriptures into Telugu,
in which they were greatly assisted by Anandarayer, a converted
Brahman from Tranqucbar. Their labors were cut short, how-


28 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
ever, as Mr. Cran died in 1809, and Mr. Des Granges in 1810.
Other missionaries had arrived and the work was carried steadily
forward. No converts were gained until about 1835. In 1837
a collegiate Institution was founded ; and in 1840 a printing press
was established. Chicacole was occupied as a branch mission
station in 1844, and in 1 852 Vizianagram was added. In 1871
the three missions had nearly 300 converts.
The London Society was tbe first to establish a mission in
Madras next after that connected with the Christian Knowledge
Society. In 1805 the Rev. W. C. Loveless and Dr. Taylor
arrived from England on their way to Surat. Tbe latter enter-
ed Government service, and Mr. Loveless was persuaded to
remain in Madras. His labors were mostly among the English-
speaking population. He became Master of the Male Asylum,
which position he held until 1812. For years he did not find
his way open to labor among tbe heathen. About 1815 he was
joined by several missionaries from England, and more active
operations were commenced. Schools were opened aud a church
formed. In 1852 an educational Institution was founded, which
is affiliated with the Madras University, and is well attended.
Out-stations have been formed at Pulicat and Tripassore.
Missionary work in Tiavancore was commenced by the
tiev. Mr. Ringcltaube in 1803. He had previously been connec-
ted with .the Christian Knowledge Society and appointed
to Calcutta : but had suddenly resigned his position and return-
ed to England. Subsequently, in 1801, he was sent out
by tbe London Society in company with the Rev. Messrs. Cran
and Des Granges. When the latter proceeded to Vizagapatani
he travelled southwards to the extremity of India. He lab-
ored in Tinnevclly and along the coast from Tuticorin to Cape
Comorin. Early in 1806 he sailed from Tranquebar to Tuti-
corin where he began preaching. He visited a number of places,
among them Trichinopoly, and baptized many persons. Sub-
sequently he took up his residence at Maladi, where he erect-
ed a church. By the year 1810 he had formed six out-stations:
in this year he baptized 200, and in 1811, 400 persons. By
the end of 1812 there were 677 communicants in all the sta-
tions of his mission. In the midst of his usefulness, in the year
11815, he suddenly and mysteriously disappeared and was never


London Uissionady society.
2g
heard of again. He was succeeded in 1818 by the Rev. Charles
Mead who has been called the “ Father of the South Travancore
Mission/’ Tlie foundation stone of the Nagercoil Chapel, the
largest in South India, was laid January 1st, 1819. In 1819
Mr. Mead and his co-laborers established a Theological School
which has since been sustained mainly through the proceeds of
a donation of Rs. 5,000 made at that time by the Ranee of
Travancore. In a few years the converts had so far multiplied
that the mission was separated into two divisions, with Nager-
coil as the head-quarteis of the one, and Neyoor of the other.
At both these places printing presses were set up and sustained
for many years â–  but they were eventually merged into one
which has been active and useful. By 1840 the Christians iu
the two districts had increased to 15,000, while the schools in
them had 7,540 pupils. In 1822 out-stations from Nagercoil
were formed both at Trevandruin and Quilon. Iu the latter
place a printing pi ess was established, but was subsequently giv-
en up. In the year 187 I there were in connection w’itli the Lon-
don Society’s missions iu South Travancore 32,122 Native
Christians.
In the year 1810 the Society began it3 operations at Bel-
iary, the Rev. John Hands being the first missionary appoint-
ed there. Under his supervision schools were opened,"a church
Was formed, and Tract and Bible Societies organized. In 1818
the Scriptures were published in Canarese, having been trans-
lated by Mr. Hands. In 1826 a much-needed press was es-
tablished at Bellary. It was at this station that the celebrated
Samuel Flavel, one of the brightest ornaments of the Native
Church of India, labored for a score of years. He was ordain-
ed in 1822 at Bangalore, where he laboied as pastor of the
Native church until 1827, when he was transferred to Bellary.
He was suddenly removed by cholera in 1847.
When the Society was organized in 1795, Surat was one
of the places which it proposed to occupy : and in 1805 two
missionaries were appointed to this place, but as has been seen,
did not reach their destination. In 1815 two others, the Rev.
J. Skinner and the Rev. W. Fvvie were appointed, and en-
tered upon their work in Surat at the close of that year. The
missions of the Society were transferred subsequently to the


INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRROTORY.
Irish Presbyterian Mission, as it was thought that they werd
too greatly isolated from the other Indian missions of the Lon-
don Society. Surat was thus transferred in 1816, the other
stations, in 1859.
Calcutta was occupied by the Society in the year 18 16;
the first missionaries being the Rev. Ifenry Townley and the
Rev. Mr. Keith. They established schools in Calcutta and
preached both there and at Howrah. In May, 1820, the founda-
tion stone of “ Union Chapel” in Dhurrumtollah street was
laid. The church was completed in April, 1821. Of the large
sum expended on it nearly £4,000 were collected in India.
By 1821. the Society occupied twenty-one stations in and about
Calcutta : and the missionaries had charge of thirteen schools.
Ramakalchoke and contiguous places were occupied in 1826 and
have been held ever since. In 1837 the educational Institution
at Bhowanipore was established. It has expanded from year to
year and was early affiliated with the Calcutta University. The
building was erected in 1853, at a cost of £6,800. The Society
has given no little attention to the subject of female education
here.
In August 1820, the Rev. M. T. Adam began the ihission
at Benares, which has continued to the present time. The mis-
sionaries, many of whom have spent long terms of service iu
this one station, have given themselves to teaching and preach-
ing. The mission has here a large collegiate Institution besides
other schools.
Belgaum in the Canarese country was occupied for the
Society in the year 1820 by the Rev. Joseph Taylor, who labor-
ed there more than thirty years. The Rev. W. Beynon was
stationed at Belgaum in 1828, and, after many years of labor,
died there, in 1878. The mission at Bangalore was founded in
1820 by the Rev. Messrs. Laidler and Forbes. For many years
but little progress was made and many reverses were experienc-
ed, but at present the mission is iu a flourishing state. One
fact which may help to account for this is, that the Society
has kept from changing its agents there. The Rev. Messrs.
C. Campbell, B. Rice and J. Sewell in their united terms of
service have labored at Bangalore not less than one hundred
years-.


LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
5 *â– 
In the year 1822 the Rev. J. Hands established a mission
in Cuddapah. Prior to 1818 but few converts were obtained
but about this time a spirit of inquiry spread among the villages
and the progress since has been rapid and encouraging. In 1855
a new station was formed at Nundial which has become an im-
portant centre of missionary operations.
Berhampore iu the district of Moorshedabad was occu-
pied in 1824. The Christian community is chiefly engaged in
cultivating the soil.
The mission at Salem was founded in 1827 by the Rev.
Henry Crisp. The Society has now fourteen congregations in
the district, the chief of which are at Salem and Tripatore. Coim-
batoor and Combaconum were occupied by the Society in 1830.
Of late years a large number of converts has been added to tho
missions.
In 1838 a mission was established at Mirzapore by the
Rev. Dr. Mather, who continued at the head of the mission
thirty-five years. It possesses a flourishing educational Insti-
tution, a large Orphanage, two churches and an extensive press.
An out-station was formed in 1863 among the Singrowlee hills
to the south of Mirzapore.
The Society has two missions on the hills : one at Al-
morah, established in 1850 by the Rev. J. IT. Budden : the
other at Raneekhet, in 1868 by the Rev. J. Kennedy. Both are
important stations. Tho statistics for 1880 are as follows :—•
Stations occupied, 24
Foreign Ordained Agents, 45
Native do. do. 30
Native Christians, ... 50,098
Communicants, ... 4,632
MISSIONARIES OF TIIE SOCIETY.
Arumanayagam, Akvlanandam. B. at Colacliel, South Travancore.
0. at Neyoor, Jan. 9, 1867. Labored as inspector of village schools in
Neyoor district from 18 52 to 1862 : theological class atNagercoil, 1861-62 :
evangelist in the Neyoor district, 1863-6/ : since ordination, as assistant
missionary at Attur. Ad. Attur, Neyoor district, Travancore.
Abumanayagam, Visuvasaji. 0. Jan. 3, 1867. L. a Handbill on


-Sj
INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRUCTOIIY.

3 2
“Existence of the Soul.” Ad. Ananthanadangudy, near Nagercoil, Tra-
vancore.
Ashton, John Perkins. A. in 1859. Was stationed for six years
at Madras and then transferred to the Bhowanipore Institution, Calcutta.
Ad. Calcutta.
Bacon, John Kedmond. B. in London, Jan. 13. 1846. 0. in Sept.
1875, A. in Nov. 1875, has since labored at (Ad.) Cuddapah, Madras P.
Budden, John IIenry. B. Nov. 19, 1813, in Lon. O. June 8, 1841.
A. Dec. 3, 1843, S. Benares, Mirzapore, and, since 1850, Almorah,
where he commenced the mission. Ad. Almorah. N.-W.P.
Bulloch, George McCallum. B. Edinburgh, May 1, 1850. E. West-
ern Col. Plymouth. 0. at Edinburgh, July 13, 1874, A. Oct. 23.
1874. S. Benares, Nov. 1874 to July, 1876; llancekhct, July, 1876
to Dec. 1876 ; Benares, Dec. 1876 to March 1880, Mirzapore, March
to Aug. 1880 ; since, Benares. Ad. Benares.
Chatterjee, Tara Persiiad. B. near Calcutta, in 1834. Em-
braced Christianity, (was a Kulin Brahmin) in April, 1851. 0. March 20,
1861. Became a preacher of the Gospel in 1860. W. Superintending
missionary and pastor of the village stations and churches, South of
Calcutta and in the Soondcrbuns Dist. Ad. Kaurapookar, 24 Pergunnahs,
Bengal.
Coles, Joseph Benjamin. B. in Lon. Nov. 22, 1819. O. July 5, 1843.
A. Dec. 25, 1843. S. Mysore, Bangalore, Bellary, Coimbatore, Madras,
Bellary. II. from March, 1859 to Jan., 1862 and March, 1873 to May,
1875. Ad. Kockside, Bellary, Madras P.
Coley, Henry. B. at Stroud, Gloucestershire, Sept. 17, 1849. E.
at Spring Hill Col. Birmingham. 0. at Birmingham, Oct. 3, 1877. A.
Jan. 1878. M. Has labored since A. at (Ad.) Almorah, N.-Jf~. P.
Dass, Nanda Lal. B. (of Hindu parents) Sept. 30, 1840, at Barri-
pore near Calcutta. E. at Bhowanipore, Baptized in Jan. 1857. M.
July, 1864. 0. in Feb. 1868. Labored as an evangelist at Bhowanipore,4
with pastoral work and teaching in the Engl. Inst. Since 1868 has labor-
ed at (Ad.) Berhampore, Bengal.
~ Ad Mirzapore, N.-W.P.
Ad. Coimbatore, Madras P,
Ad. Trevandrum, Travancore.
Daud, C. 0. 1865.
David, A. 0. 1867.
Devalam, Anbudian.
Dutiiie, James. B. Stonehaven, Scotland, Nov. 2, 1833. 0. Jan 31,
1856. A. March 15, 1856. S. L. M. S. Inst. Madras, three and-a-half
years ; Prin. Seminary, L. M. S., Travancore, from Nov, 1859 to pres-
ent. L. Homiletics (Tamil) out of print; Editorial work in connect ion
with Tamil Magazines, Tracts, &c. II. 1869-1871, and 1875 to 1876.
Ad. Nagercoil, Travancore.
Dutt, Kasiii Nath. 0. in 1861, at Calcutta, where lie labored until
1866, when he was transferred to (Ad.) Benares.
Emlyn, James. A. in 1867. Ad. Pareyclialey, 'Travancore.
Fletcher, William. A. 1865. Ad. Pareychaley, Travancore.
Coffin, II. J. A. in 1876. Ad. Vzzianagram, Madras P.
Hacker, Isaac IIenry. B. Birmingham, July, 1847. O. Carrs Lane


LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
33
Birmingham, Oct. 3, 1877. A. Dec. 17, 1877. S. Neyoor. M. Ad. Ney-
oor, Travancore.
Hainer Thomas. A. 1870, Ad. Bellary, Madras P.
Hawker, John Giles B. Boyn Kill, Berkshire, Aug. 21, 1839.
0. Congregational church, Maidenhead, July 6, 1865. A. Dec. 18, 1865.
S. Bellary, as itinerant missionary and pastor of the Native Church,
1871; since, Belgaum, principally in the Anglo.-Ver. School. H. from
18-75-77. R. Nov. 24, 1877. Ad. Belgaum, Bombay P.
Hay, John. B. April 23, 1812, at Stuartficld, near Aberdeen, Scot-
land. Entered Marischal Col. in Nov. 1829, and graduated with M. A in
1833. Was engaged for a time in private teaching. Afterwards offered
himself to the L. M. S. and was sent to TuiVey, Bedfordshire, where he
read theology for two years with the Rev. Cecil. 0. in Aug. 1839,
A. in Jan. 1840 ; was stationed at Vizagapatam, and took charge of tho
Engl, school. Private affairs called him to Eng. It in 1844, after an
absence of eighteen months. He continued his educational work and
afterwards engaged in that of translating the Scriptures into Telugu.
Proceeded to Eng. in 1860 : while at home prepared a new translation of
Genesis and Deuteronomy. On returning to India in 1863 revised and
published (in connection with Dr. Wardlaw) the Pentateuch and other
portions of the 0. T., also the first part of Pilgrim’s Progress,” besides
a few tracts in Engl, and Telugu. In the beginning of 1869 was called
home on account of his wife’s illness. Was again engaged in the work
of Scripture translation and It. in March, 1872. He again took charge
of the Engl, school at Vizagapatam and of the Engl, congregation, continu-
ing his literary labors. Has since labored here, with these and other du-
ties. Has been the Convenor of the Telugu Scripture Revision Committee,
and has had much to do with the Telugu translation of the Bible. Ad.
Vizagapatam, Madras P.
Hewlett, John. B June 11, 1836. at Keynsham Somerset. (). in
July, 1861, at Swansea A. Dec. 14. 1861. S Benares, Almorah, Benares,
Mirzapore. Work both Engl, and Ver. II. 1869-70. and 1878-81. Has
translated into Urdu Augustine’s “ Confessions” : obtainable at the Mir-
zapore Press. Ad. Benares.
Hill, Samvel John. A. in 1852. Labored at Calcutta until J854 :
since, at Berhampore. Ad. Berhampore, Bengal.
Hutchison, Henry Alexander. B. in Glasgow, April 17, 1818.
Studied medicine two years, and then prepared for the ministry. 0. in
1874 by the Presbytery of Glasgow and joined the L. M. S. : A. Dec. 21
1874, and was appointed to Coimbatoor, as itinerating missionary. Ad.
Cuimbatoor. Madras P.
Hutton, David. A. 1865, Ad. Mirzapore, N.-W, P.
Insell, Thomas. B. Stratton, Eng. 0. in Lon. June 23, 1873.
A. Dec. 20, 1873. Ad Mirzapore, N.-Jf\ P.
Jaganadham, Pulipaka. Entered the Engl, school at Vizagapatam
about 1840. Renounced Hinduism, and was baptized April 28, 1847:
0. at Vizagapatam in 1858. Shortly afterwards was transferred to Chica-
cole Has labored at Chicacole and (Ad.) Vizagapatam, Madras P.
5


34
INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
Johnson, William. A. in 1858. Has labored in connection with the
Bhowanipore Inst, and Hastings church. Ad Calcutta.
Joshua, J. 0. 1867. Ad. N agercoil, Travancore.
Joss, Walter. A in 1869. S. Coimbatoor until 1876, when he
was trans, to L M. S. Inst, at Madras, Ad Madras.
Kamalam, J. 0. 1867, A. Pareychaley, Madras P.
Lambert, J. A. A. 1865, Ad. Benares.
Lee, William. B. Tiverton, Devonshire, Eng. May 29, 1841. 0.
Union Chapel Islington. Lon. July 6, 1864. A. Dec. 28, 1864. S. Nag-
ercoil, 1865-68, Trevandrum, 1868: Neyoor, 1872. H. from 1875 to 1877.
W. Supt. of Press, Editor of “ South Travancore Christian Messenger
(Tamil.) Ad. Nagercoil, Travancore.
LeMare, Ebenezer. B. Manchester, Oct. 5, 1848 E. Owens and
Lancashire Independent Colleges. 0. at Manchester, Oct. 2, 1873. A.
Dec. 4, 1873. M. Nov. 24, 1875. S. Bellary, 1873-77; Bclgaum, 1877-
80; since, at Salem W. Engl, and ver : mainly educational: L. a lecture
for educated natives entitled “ John Stuart Mill. His attitude towards
Religion :” Addison and Co., Madras. Ad. Salem, Madras P.
Lewis, Edwin. A. 1865. Ad. Bellary, Madras P.
Masxllamani, Christian. B. in Sept 1833. at Mylandy, Travan-
core. E. in Nagercoil Seminary. Labored from 1857 as an evangelist. O.
Feb. 13. 1866 as pastor at Dennispuram, where he has since labored. L.
a number of Tamil poems, handbills and lyrics ; published at Nagercoil
and Madras. Ad. Dennispuram, Nagercoil, Travancore.
Mason, G. 0. 1864. Ad. Cuddapah, Madras P.
Mateer, Samuel. 0. Aug. 10, 1858. A. Feb. 24, 1859. S. Parey-
chaley, 1859-63, Trevandrum 1863 to present H. from March 1868 to
Jan. 1, 1872. L. “ Land of Charity” a descriptive account of Travancore
and its people (republished in America); Lessons in Botany and Sketches
of Sermons, (Tamil); ‘‘Fifty-two Sketches of sermons;’’ “A tract for
prisoners.” “ a tract for coolies on coffee Estates,” “ Medical Hints for
the Poor,” (Malayalam). Editor of Malayalam Christian Lyrics and Hymn-
Book, Editor of ‘‘Balar Deepam” (magazine for children) and other
school books and tracts. Ad. Trivandrum, Travancore.
Moothoo, C. Converted about 1855, while a pupil in the L. M. S.
Inst., Madras, where he was E. for the ministry. 0. July 6, 1875. In
charge of the Native Church at (Ad.) Salem, Madras P.
Newport. George Oliver. B. at Henley on Thames, Oxfordshire,
March 2, 1840. E. at Cheshunt College. 0. July 30. 1862. M.: A. Dec.
24, 1862. S. Pareychaley, 1863-67 : Nagercoil, 1869-71, and 1873-76;
Salem. 1876-79, since, Madras. Work, both Engl, and Ver. Has edited
some Tamil periodicals and contributed to Tamil magazines. H. from
July, lb71 to Dec. 1873. Ad. Madras.
NyAnabranam, M. 0. 1867. Ad. Neyoor, Travancore.
Payne, James Edward. B. March 18, 1835, at the Lower Venn,
Avenbury, Herefordshire. 0. at Bedford, Eng., Aug. 22, 1860. A.
Dec. 20, 1860. Appointed to Bhowanipore. H. from Jan. 1869, to
Dec. 1870. M. June 2, 1870. Work mainly ver.; Bengali preaching,


LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
35
teaching, and editing Bengal Christian Literature for Tract and Bible
Society. Ad. Bhowanipore, Calcutta.
Parthasarady, C. 0. 1867. Ad. Madras.
Paul, J. B. in 1840. E in the Bangalore Seminary. 0. in 1871,
as pastor of the Canarese Church at (Ad.) Bangalore.
P eeraj ee, Paul. B at Belgaum, in 1830. E in Bangalore Semi-
nary. O at Belgaum in 1862. Subsequently removed to Bangalore as
pastor of the Tamil Church. Ad., Bengal.
Phillips, E. A. A. 1878. Ad. Ranee .Khet, N.-W. P.
Phillips, Maurice. B. April 11, 1838, in the parish of Llanboidy,
South Wales. 0. at Narbeth, South Wales, in Aug. 1861. A. in Mad-
ras, Jan. 4, 1862. M.: Commenced the mission station at Tripatoor and
continued there until March, 1873. II. to Mar. 1875. Had also charge
of the Salem station from 1869 to 1873. Rt. in March, 1875, and was
appointed to Salem. AV. Ver. Ad., Salem, Madras P.
Phillips, William Benjamin. B. Manchester, Sept. 8, 1848. 0.
Sept. 1875. A. Nov. 28, 1875. Ad. Berhampore, Bengal.
Rice, Benjamin. B. in Lon. May 28. 1814. E. at Homerton
Col. 0. in London, July 27, 1836. A.at Madras, Hoc. 29, 1836. S.
Bangalore, from that time to the present; II. but once, from Feb-
1853 to Sept. 1856. M. Has been engaged in all branches of missionary
work. Was one of the Revisors of the present Canarese version of
the Bible ; and is the author or translator of a number of Canarese and
English Tracts, School books, and works for the benefit of Native Christ
ians. published by the Bangalore Tract and Book Society: of which
Society, and of the Bangalore Bible Society, he is Secretary. Is also
Secretary of the South India District Committee of the L. M. S. Ad.
No. 1 Mission Road, Bangalore.
Rice, Edward Peter. B. at Bangalore, April 26, 1849. Entered
Cheshunt College. Sept. 1868. Graduated with B. A , Lon. Univ. 1873.
0. in Lon. Nov. 4, 1873. Reached Madras, Dec. 13, 1873. Appoint-
ed to Bangalore : engaged in the itinerating and evangelistic department.
During 1877-8 in charge of English Institution, in 1879 r< turned to itin-
erating work, L : A pamphlet in Engl, for educated Hindus, entitled:
“ Jesus Christ, His Life, Character and Claims”: Ad. Bangalore
Robinson, William. B. Sheffield, Aug. 1, 1852. E. Rotherham,
Col. 0. Queen St. Chapel Sheffield, Sept. 10, 1877. S. Vizagapatam,
one year; Coimbatore. 1879-80. Tripatore, July, 1880. M. March 25,
1880. AV. Ver. Ad. Tripatore, Madras P.
Rotti. John Mahantappa. B. Ilubli. 1833. 0. June 19, 1868. S.
Belgaum. AV. Pastoral, School and Preaching Ad. Belgaum, Bombay P.
Runganatham, C. O. 1874. Ad. Madras.
Shiddalingappa, Paul. B. in 1835, at Byl Hougal. Called to the
ministry in 1855: O. in 1868. Native pastor at (Ad.) Belgaum, Bombay P.
Slater, Thomas Ebenezer. Son of the late Rev. AV. Slater: B,
at Chesham, Bucks, April 10, 1840. AVas ordained and married in
Aug, 1866, and A. at Calcutta in Dec of the same year. AVas con-
nected with the Bhowanipore Institution till May, 1870, when he was


INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
36
obliged to leave I. on account of domestic affliction. It. at the end of 1871,
and took charge of the Engl. Inst, at Madras. At the beginning of 1875
was relieved of his work in the Inst., and has since been laboring among
the educated Natives of Madras, Is the author of an English tract,
“ God in Christ,” and two lectures on •‘The Bible”—both written for
educated Hindus—published by the Bangalore Tract and Book Society :
an annotatated edition of Bushnell’s “ Character of Jesus,” published by
the C. V. E. S., Madras: and ‘‘Sunday afternoon Addresses to educated
HindusH. 1879.
Smith, James. B. at Bicestor, Oxfordshire. Dec. 6, 1839 Called to
the ministry in 1861. 0. in July, 1866, M. in 1866. A. Dec, 1866. Has.
labored since at Belgaum. Work principally educational, in Engl : some
ver. H. April, 1877-79. Ad. Belgaum, Bombay P.
Stephenson, W. W. B. Aug. 26, 1848. 6. Nov. 7, 1S76. A. 1 876
Ad. Bundial, Madras P.
Taylor, Joseph Field. A. 1878. Ad. Calcutta.
Thomas, Morris. A. 1878. Ad Vizayapatam, Madras P-
Thomson, Thomas Smith. (L. It. C P. Ed.; L. M. L It. C. S. Ed.)
B. Dec. 28, 1844, at Edinburgh M. Nov. 12, 1872. Was engaged as
resident physician in the Medical Mission Inst, at Edinburgh before com-
ing to I. A. Jan. 4, 1873. Has since been engaged as medical missionary
at Neyoor. Work both Engl, and ver. Ad Neyoor, Travancore.
Unmeyudian, V. 0. 1867. Ad. Coimbatoor. Madras P.
Walton, John IIewens. B. at Woolwich. Kent, June 17,1811.
Studied for tho ministry, three years at Western Col., Plymouth
and one year at the Missionary Inst, Highgate, Lon. 0. Dec 12, 1866.,
A. at Madras, Jan. 24, 1867. Appointed to Bangalore to take
charge of the Anglo-Ver. schools. M. Dec. 28, 1867. Ad. Bangalore.
Wilkins, William Joseph. A. 1866 Ad. Calcutta.
Wilkinson, Frederick. B. Nov. 1, 1832, in the Island of Trini-
dad, West Indies. Studied for the ministry at the Theol. Sem., Bedford,
where he was O. and appointed to India Sept. 16, 1859. A. January,
1860 and was appointed to James Town, Travancore. M. in July, 1861.
Was transferred in 1862 to Santhapuram. In 1866 removed to Quilon.
II. 1872, It. to Quilon in Dec 1873; Madras in Dec, 1876. H. to Eng.
It. March, 1881. Ad. Trevandrum, Travancorc.
William^ M. Ad. Nundial. Madras P.
Yesudian, C. Ad. Tittuvilei, Travancore.
Zechariah, Samuel. B. June 21, 1823, near Colachcl, South
Travancore. E at L M. Seminary, Nagercoil. 0. Feb. 13, 1866 at
Nagercoil : has since labored as pastor of Neyoor Church. L. a Pamphlet
in Tamil, “The Pioneer Missionary work of the Rev. Charles Mead. ”
Ad. Weyoor, Travancorc,


LONDON MISS IONAlIY SOCIETY.
37
DECEASED AND EETIRED MISSIONARIES.
Nathanael Forsyth B. 17G9 Sailed May, 1798 A at Calcutta
Dec 1798 S. Chinsurah D. in Calcutta, in May, 1816.
William Tobias Ringeltaube. After joining the L. M. S., sailed
from Copenhagen, Apr. 20, 1804. A. at Tranquebar, Doc. 5, 1804.
S Palamcottah. 1804-9, Oodagherry, 1809-12, Mayilady, 1812-1(5. In
1816, on account of ill health left Travancore, when his connection with
the Society ceased.
George 'Cran. A. Dec 5, 1804. In July. 1805, in company with
Mr. Des Granges proceeded to Vizagapatam where they founded a mis.
sion. 1). bt Chicacole. Jan. 6. 1809.
Augustus Des Granges. B. 1780. A. Dec. 5, 1804, and with pro-
ceeding went to Vizagapatam in 1805. D. at V. July 12. 1810.
William Charles Loveless. Arrived in India, June 24, 1805.
Whs appointed to Surat but landing at Madras, he proceeded no further.
He became Master of the Male Asylum which position he held until 1812.
In addition he preached to the English and other residents, and labored
most earnestly in the face of strong opposition. Resigned, June 4. 1824.
John Taylor, M. D. 0. Oct. 19, 1804. A. at Madr-s, June 24,
1805. Afterwards, accepting a Government post, his connection with
the Society ceased. 1). in Dec. 1821, at Shiraz, Persia.
John Gordon. Arrived in India Sept. 9, 1809. Labored at Viza-
gapatam: and at Madras, where he died January 16, 1828.
William Lee. Arrived in India. Dec. 11, 1809. Labored at Viza-
gapatam, and Ganjam. His health failing, he was obliged to return to
England in 1817. Died.
John Hands. B. Dec 5, 1780. Arrived in India in 1810. Labor-
ed chiefly at Bellary: for some years also at Bangalore. Was one of the
translators of the first version of the Canarese Bible. Ret. 1842. D. at
Dublin, June 30, 1864.
Jonathan Couch Brain. O. Jan. 26. 1809. A. at Madras Feb.
5, 1810, at Rangoon, Mar. 23, 1810. D. at Rangoon, July 2, 1810.
Edward Prichett. B 1772, at Birmingham. O. Jan. 2(5, 1809..
A. at Rangoon, Mar. 23, 1810. On account of war removed to Calcutta,
Jan. 1811. S. Vizagapatam and Madras. D. at V. June 12, 1820.
John Thompson. A. at Madras Mar 22, 1812. Ordered by Go-
vernment to leave I., I ut before the order could be carried out, lie D.
at Madras, June 25, 1812.
Robert May. B. 1788. A. at Calcutta, Aug. 11, 1812. Succeed-
ed Mr. Forsyth at Chinsurah in Feb. 1813. D. at Calcutta, Aug. 1818.
William Fyvie. B. Sept. 15, 1788, at Methla, Aberdeenshire.
O. Dec. 28, 1814. A. at Bombay Aug 9, 1815 and proceeded to
Surat, where be labored many years. In Jan. 1847 on the relinquish-
ment of the Surat mission, Ret. to St. Holier, Jersey, where lie D.
in Feb. 1863.
James Skinner. O. and A. with Mr. Fyvie. Labored at Surat
and D. there Oct 30, 1821.


â– 
38 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRROTOBY.
James Dawson. O. Dec 28, 1814. A. at Madras, Sept. 4, 1815.
Labored at Vizagapatam, where he 1). Aug. 14 1832.
Richard Knill. B. April 14. 1787, at Braunton, Devon. 0. at
Leeds, Oct. G. 1815. A. Aug. 26, 1816. S. Madras and Nagercoil.
H. to Eng. June 12, 1819. In 1820 wag appointed to pastorate of cn
Engl, church nt St. Petersburg, where he labored until Aug. 1833,
when he R., to Lon. For eight years was engaged in deputation
work; from 1842-47 was pastor at Wotton-under-Edge; in lbb became
pastor at Chester. D. at Chester, Jan. 2, 1857. (Fide “ Life” by
C. M. Birrell: Nisbet & Co. I860.)
William Reeve. B. 1794. O. Feb. 7, 1816. A. at Madras Aug. 26,
1816, and at Bell ary, Sept. 27. II. to Eng. Sept. 18, 1824.Rt. July 17,
1827. S. Bellary and Bangalore. Assisted in revision of Canarese Bible.
Compiled two Canarese English Dictionaries H. to Eng. Feb. 17,1834.
Connection with Society ceased, Nov. 23, 1S35 Date of death unknown.
Samuel Render. B. 1787. 0. Feb. 21, 1816. A. at Madras
Aug. 26, 1816. Connection with Society ceased June 22, 1818.
Charles Mead. B. at Bristol Oct. 1, 1792. 0. Mar. 6, 181G.
A. Aug. 26, 1816. S. Madras, 1816-17. Nagercoil, Jan. 1818 to May,
1825, when he removed to Combaconum on account of his health and
commenced a new station there. R. to Travancore in 1827, lived one
year at Mandeycadoo, and removed to Neyoor in 1828. II. to Eng.
Dec. 5, 1836 to April 5, 1838, when he II. to Neyoor. Connection with
the Society dissolved in Dec. 1851, D. at Trevandrum, Jfljruf 19, 1873.
( Fide “ The Pioneer Mission work of the Rev. Charles Mead” by tho
Rev. S. Zechariah, L. M. S. Press, Nagercoil.)
Henry Townley. 0. Feb. 7, 1816. A. at Calcutta, Sept. 7,
181G, and with Mr. Keith commenced a station there. Removed to
Chinsurah in Feb, 1821. On account of wife’s ill health R. to Eng.
Dec. 1, 1822. D. Aug. 9, 1861.
James Keith. 0. A. and labored at Calcutta with Mr. Townley
D. there, Oct. 6, 1822.
John David Pearson. B. in Lon. 1788. 0. Aug. 29, 1816.
A. Mar. 6, 1817. S. Chinsurah. II. to Eng. Apr. 8, 1824. Rt. Juno
20, 182G. D. at Calcutta. Nov. 8, 1831.
John Donaldson. B. 1793. 0. Aug. 27, 1816. A. Aug. 1817.
S. Surat, D. at Bombav, Mar. 25, 1818.
John Ilarle. A European, engaged, in 1817, as an assistant at
Chinsurah. In 1820, removed to Tallygunge. Rot. 1821.
Cornelius Traveller. B. 1791. A. at Madras, in Jan. 1819. Ret.
Sept. 29, 1823. II. to Europe and settled in Jersey.
John Hampson B. 1793. A. Feb. 8, 1819. S. Calcutta, where
he D. Aug. 29, 1819.
Samuel Trawin. B. 1794. A. at Calcutta, Feb. 8. 1819. Form-
ed the station at Kidderpore, in 1822. D. at Bcrhampore, Aug. 3,1827.
George II. Ashton. B. in India. Was engaged as an assistant
in 1819 in Travancore. S. Quilon, Neyoor and Pareychaley. In 1860,
Ret and went to reside at Quilon.


LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
39
~ Charles Mault. B May 1, 1791- 0. Oct. 24, 1818, A. at
Bombay, May 18, 1819, at Nagercoil Dec. 11, 1819. In 1827 was
appointed in charge of East Travancore Health failing, It. to Eng. in
1855, Bet. to Stoke, where he D. Oct. 17, 1858.
George GogerlJy. B. in London, Nov. 10, 1794. A. Sept. 13,
1819. S. Calcutta 0, June 2, 1828. H to Eng. 1835, lit Jan. 19,
1839. Het. Nov. 1811 D. in London, Feb 11, 1877. L. “The Pioneers
of the Bengal Mission”. London: Snow and Co. 1871.
Joseph Taylor. B in India, 1790. 0., at Madras May. 1819. In
Sept. 1820 commenced a new station at Belgaum where he Labored many
years. II. 1855, and removed to Bombay where he D. Nov. 19, 1859.
Thomas Nicholson B 1795. 0. Mar. 31, 1819. A at Madras Sept.
16, 1819. 1). there Aug. 2, 1822.
Matthew Thomson Adam E. at Gosport. 0. Oct. 9, 1819. A. early
in 1820. M. Aug. 1820 went to Benares and commenced the mission
there. On account of ill health 11. to Eng. in 1830. His connection
with the Society subsequently ceased.
Andrew Forbes. B. 1792. 0. Aug. 18, 1819. A. at Madras Feb.
16, 1820, and at Bangalore in April 1820, where, in connection with Mr.
Laidler, he commenced the mission. Het. 1821.
Stephen Laidler. B. Oct 12, 1789, at Wooler, Northumberland.
0. Aug. 18, 1819. A. Feb. 1G, 1820. S Bangalore. On account of wife’s
ill health 11. to Eng. in 1827. Bet. Sept. 24, 1827. D. Oct. 25, 1873.
George Mundy. A. at Chinsurah in March, 1820. 0 in Nov. 1825.
H. to Eng. in 1829. lit Nov. 7, 1832. S. Ividderpore, Chinsurah.
H. to Eng. in 184-1. Kt. to Calcutta in 1849. D. there Aug. 23, 1853.
L. “ Christianity and Hinduism contrasted,” 2 vols., Serampore, 1831.
John Smith. B. 1790. 0. Aug. 18, 1819. A. Feb. 1 G, 1820 Com-
menced a station at Quilon, March 6, 1821. H to Eng. 1824, when
he Ilet. D. 1824.
Edward Bay. In 1820, was received in Calcutta as an Assistant.
II. to England where he was O. March 15, 1825. A. Oct. 3. 1825,
S. Berhampore, Calcutta, Kidderpore. On account of his wife’s ill health
11. to Eng. in 1831. His connection with the Society ceased in 1832.
He afterwards sotted at Twickenhem.
Hiram Chambers. B. 1792. 0 Aug. 2. 1820. A. March 20, 1821,
S. Bellary 1823; Bangalore 1825. Being unable to bear the climate of
India, he embarked for Eng. Jan 6, 1826. On the following day Jan. 7, D.
William Hugh Bankhead. B. 1799. E at Hackney College. O.
Dec. 14, 1820. A. Aug. 16, 1821, at Calcutta, where he D Nov. 7,1822.
Micaiah Hill. B. at Walsall. O July 18, 1821. A. at Calcutta,
March 5. 1822. Became editor of the “ Asiatic Observer.” In 1824
removed to Berhampore, and commenced that station. II to Eng. Dec.
25, 1838. lit. to Berhampore Oct. 1842. In Jan. 1847 removed to Cal-
cutta Early in 1849 set out for Benares for the benefit of his health,
but D. Feb 3, in a boat on the Ganges, a few miles from Benares.
James Hill. B. May 17, 1795 at Stafford. O. July 18, 1821. A. at
Calcutta, March 5 1822. 11. to Eng. Dec. 9,1833. Ilet. Dec. 25, 1834.
D. Jan. 12, 1870.


4o
INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
Joseph Bradley Warden. B. 1799. 0 July 18, 1821. A. at Cal-
cutta, March 5, 1822, where he D. Jan. 8, 1826.
Samuel Flavel. .An earnest Native preacher. Joined the mission
at Bangalore in 1821. 0 in 1822, Was appointed to Bellary, in 1827,
where lie labored until his death, in 1847.
Alexander l?yvie. 0. Sept 28, 1821. A. at Bombay, April 2G,
1822. at Surat, May 13. It. to Eng. Oct. 15, 1832. lit. to Surat Dec.
23, 1835, where he 1). June 10, 1840
William Howell. B. in I. Nov 1 790. Engaged about 1821, as
assistant at Bellary. Ilemovcd to Cuddapah, m 1822, and commenced
that station 0 Sept. 29, 1821. at Madras Het. in Sept. 1841.
Edmund Crisp. B. June 26, 1799, at Hertford. 0. Oct. 3, 1821.
A. March 26, 1822. S. Madras 1822-29, Combaconum, 1829-35. II.
from Madras to Eng. Feb. 15, 1837. lit Sept 1840 S. Bangalore, in
charge of Training Institution. II to Eng. 1848, soon after Het. D. Lon-
don, Nov. 6, 1877.
Thomas Brown A. at Calcutta May 24, 1822. Was directed to pro-
ceed to Bellary. to carry on printing there. Died on his passage, between
Calcutta and Madras.
William Crow. B. about 1797, 0. July 11, 1822, A. July 12
1823. S. Quilon H. to Eng. March 29, 1826. His connection with the,
Society eventually ceased and he entered the pastorate. 1) Nov. 27, 1872.
John Emanuel Nimmo, B ini In 1823, engaged as assistant in
Madras. In 1831, removed to Chittoor, in June, 1833 to Combaconun.
0. at Madras, March 1, 1837, llcmovcd to Tripassorc in Jan. 1852,
Het. June 8, 1857.
James William Massie. B. Nov. 1 1, 1798, at Glasgow. 0. July
11, 1822. A. at Madras, June 21, 1823. 11. to Eng. in 1827, Het.
Sept. 24, 1827. Afterwards became pastor at Dunfermline.
William Campbell. B. 1799. 0. Aug. 13, 1823. A. June 27,
1824. S. Bangalore. II. Dec. 1835. After being engaged for a time in
deputation work Het. I), at London in 1878 L. British India,” London:
Snow. 1839.
William Taylor. 0. Aug. 1823. A. at Madras, May 22, 1824.
In 1827 took charge of Pursewawam. Het. Nov. 14, 1831
George Walton. B. in I E at Bellary Engaged in 1824 as
assistant missionary. Accepted as a missionary Oct 10,1831. S. Bcllary.
and Salem. 0. at Bangalore, Dec 23. 1832. 1). at Salem, June 9, 1841.
John Edmonds. B at Poole, 1798. 0. Poole, ’ March 17 1821. A.
Nov. 11, 1S24. S. Chinsurah. His wife’s health failing lie H. to Eng.
Sept. 23, 1826, after which he Bet. and took a Pastorate at Shelton, Staf-
fordshire. D. March 21. 1858, at St. Helen’s, Lancashire.
Thomas Salmon B 1800 at Thetford. A. at Surat. Oct. 30, 1825-
II. to Eng. in 1833, after which he Bet.
Charles Piffard. B. 1798 at Bentonville, Lon. 0. May 2, 1825. A.
at Calcutta, Oct. 3, 1825. S. Kidderpore. On account of wife’s ill health
11. to Eng. Mav 3, 1830. lib. in March 1831. H. to Eng. May 18, 1833.
lit. Dec. 10, 1831. and labored at Calcutta, where he D. Dec. 11, 1840.


LONDON MISSIONARY SOOIMTY.
4-1
William Beynon. B. May 17, 1801, at Caermarthen. 0. March,
31, 1825. A. Sept. 14, 1825. S. Bellary, 1825-28. Belgaum. 1828-70
when he Bet. to Eng. lit. for residence, Nov. 1871. 1). at Belgaum,
Feb. 5, 1878.
Adam Lillie. B. dalton, Glasgow, June 18, 1803. 0. at London,
March 28, 1826. A. at Madras, Sept. 11, at Belgaum. Nov. 19, 1826.
Soon afterwards serious illness compelled him to It. to Eng. Soon after
his return his connection with the Society ceased.
Bennington Haill l’aine B 1805, at Ipswich. Appointed as a
Printer to Bellary. A. Sept. 11, 1826. In 1831 began to assist in
vernacular work. 11. to Eng in 1839. lit. Dec. 8, 1841. Labored at
Bellary until his death, March G, 1842.
Isaac David. Born at Tanjore about 1794. His parents were staunch
Papists. O. at Bangalore in 1826. Labored at Salem, Trichinopoly,
Bangalore, Madras and other places : was the .means through God of
numerous conversions. Of his twelve children, two of his sons were
ministers, and all his daughters but one married clergymen of various
Societies. He died at Madras while actively engaged, April 15, 1862.
Native Christians of all denominations, throughout Southern India, in
token of their esteem and love for him, erected a monument over his gra> e.
James llobertson. B. in 1799. 0. June 14, 1826. A. Nov.
1826. S. Benares, where he I) June 15, 1833.
Alphonse F. Lacroix. B. May 10, 1799, at Lignieres, Switzerland.
0. Aug. 11,1820. Appointed to Chinsurah by the Netherlands Miss’y
Soc’yj; A. Mar. 21, 1821. Joined the L. M. S. Mar. 1. 1827. Labored at
Chinsurah until April, 1829, when lie removed to Calcutta. 11 to Eng.
in Dec. 1841. lit. Jan. 9, 1844. Devoted himself chiefly to Ver.
preaching and itinerating. Was invited to 11. to Eng. in 1856 bv the
Society but declined Health failing he visited North India and 11.
to Calcutta, where he D. July 8, 1859. (See “Memorials,” by Joseph
Mullens, n d Lon. : Nisbet and Co. 1862.)
James Charles Thompson. B Jan. 23, 1804. 0. Feb. 27, 1827.
A. Aug. 5, 1827. S. Quilon H. 1844-46. 1). at Quilon. May 18. 1850.
William Miller. B. Dec. 1, 1804. (). Feb. 8, 1827. A Aug. 5,
1827. S. Nagercoil and Quilon H. to the Cape 1834-6. Heit, to Nag-
ercoil in 1836 and 1). there April 24, 1838.
William Bawn Addis. B. Sept. 17, 1800, near Bristol. A. Aug.
5, 1827. 0 Aug. 13, 1828 In 1830 commenced a, station at Coiin-
batoor. Het. in 1861 through failure of health to Coonoor, where he D.
Feb. 18, 1871.
Henry Crisp. B. July 14, 1803, at Hertford. 0. Mar. 20, 1827.
A. at Madras July 17, 1827. Commenced the Mission at Salem, Oct.
25, 1827. D. Oct. 28, 1831.
llobert Jennings. B. Feb. 22, 1797. 0. April 4, 1827. A. Mad-
ras, July 17, and at Chittoor (where he was the first resident mission-
ary) Aug. 4, 1827, D. at Chittoor, June 1, 1831.
John Smith. B. 1801, at New Windsor. Designated April 3, 1828.
A. at} Madras Aug. 20, 1828. H. to Eng. Sept, 17, 1839. lit. to
6


42 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
Madras Sept. 22, 1842. In March, 1843 went to Vizagapatam : em-
barked May 15 in the “ Favourite”. to return to Madras and is supposed
to have been lost at sea with the vessel and all on board. L. “ A Mis-
sionary’s Appeal on behalf of Southern India,” 1841.
John Adam. B. May 20, 1803 in Lon. 0. Mar. 2G, 1828. A.
Sept. 4. 1828. S. Calcutta. D. at Kidderpore, April 21, 1831.
John Reid. B. June 17, 180G, at Soho, Lon. 0. Aug. 18, 1829.
A. at Madras Jan. 25, 1830, and at Bellary, March 1, D. at Bellary,
Jan. 8, 1841. (See “ Memoir” by R. Wardlaw, D. D., Glasgow : Macle-
hose, 1845).
George Christie B. New Mills. Bauffshire, July, 1802. 0. Jan.
13, 1830. A. Oct. 24, 1830. S. Calcutta. Being unable to bear the
climate, he proceeded to Cape Town in 1832. He afterwards laboured
in South Africa, D. at Cape Town, Nov. 24, 1870.
Thomas Kilpin Higgs. B. Dorchester, Sept. 1803. O. Newport
Pagnell, June 10, 1830. A. at Calcutta, Oct. 24; and at Chinsurah,
Nov. 8, 1830. D. at Calcutta, Dec. 3, 1832.
William Harris. B. 1805 at Glasgow. O. Sept. 8, 1830. A.
May 30,1831. H. to Eng. Oct. 1832. D. Portsmouth, April 28, to 1833.
William Buyers. B Dundee, 1804,0. Woolwich, Feb. 16, 1831.
A. Oct. 9, 1831. S Benares. H. March 13, 1841 to 1843. Again
H. 1845. R. to Benares at his own expense. In Feb. 1859 he remov-
ed to Almorah and labored there till 1861. In 1863 resigned his con-
nection with the Society. L. “ Letters on India.” “ Recollections of
Northern India.” Lon. Snow.
John Bilderbeck. B. in 1809, in I. Was a Roman Catholic. Join-
ed Black Town Con’l Church, Madras, Visited Eng. in 1831. O. Dec.
22, 1831. A. at Madras May 1. 1832. In 1833, removed to Chittoor.
Resigned in 1841 and joined the C. M. Society.
James Paterson. B. July, 1807. O. Dec. 21, 1831. A. in Cal-
cutta, June 8, 1832. Removed to Berhampore. July, 1832. H. to Eng.
Dec. 21, 1847. Rt. Dec. 1850. Labored at Calcutta. D. Dec. 10, 1854,
on the Ganges, while on a missionary journey to Dacca.
Orlando Thomas Dobbin. B. May 29, 1807, at Charlemont, Ire-
land. O. Jan. 6,1832. A. at Calcutta June 8, 1832. On account of
ill-health, Rt. to Eng. Dec. 1832. Ret. May 18, 1833. He subsequently
became Pastor at Arundel, Sussex.
William Hoyles Drew. B. Dec. 21, 1805, at Plymouth. O. April
12, 1832. A. Sept. 16, 1832. S. Madras. H. to Eng. Aug. 19, 1810.
Rt. Dec. 14, 1845. Labored at Madras, chiefly as a Ver. preacher
(Tamil), D. of cholera, at Madras, May 9,1856. (See “ Memoir,” by John
S. Wardlaw, Vizagapatam ; 1857).
John Campbell. B. in 1804, in I. E. at Homerton Col. O. Dec. 20,
1832. A. at Calcutta, July 6, 1833. S. Kidderpore. Ret. in April. 1846,
R. to Eng.
Charles Miller. B. 1805, at Forfar. O. May 29, 1833. A. Oct.
5, 1833. S. Neyoor, 1833-37, Nagercoil, 1837-40, D. at Poonamallce,
(Sept. 9, 1841.


LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
43
Robert Cotton Mather, LL. I). B. Nov. 8, 1808, at New Wind-
sor, Manchester. E. at Edinburgh, Glasgow and Homerton Col. 0. June
10, 1833. A. at Calcutta, Nov. 15, 1833, at Benares, Sept. 7, 1834. In
May 1838, removed to Mirzapore, where he commenced a new station.
H. to Eng. at the close of 1844. Rt. Nov, 26, 1846, and resumed his
Work at Mirzapore. II. io Eng. in 1857. While in Eng. revised and
carried through the press the Urdu Bible ; also diglot New Test. (Engl,
and Urdu). R. to Mirzapore, Eeb. 7, 1861. In 1869 completed new
edition of Roman-Urdu Bible, and commenced an edition in Urdu-Arabic
with references. H. to Eng. in 1873. While in Eng. carried through
the press a Hindustani version of N. T. portion of Annoted Paragraph
Bible, and subseqently, 0. T. portion of the same. Ret. in 1875. D. at
Einchlay, near Lon, April 21, 1877.
John Adam Shurman. B 1810, in Westphalia. 0. June 10, 1833.
A. Nov. 15, 1833. S. Benares, Devoted himself to the Educational and
Scripture Translation department. Did much in preparing Urdu and Hin-
dustani versions of the Scriptures. In April, 1842 went to Calcutta to
superintend the printing of the Urdu version of O.T. R. to Benares in
June, 1843. In Oct. 1843 R. to Eng Rt. via New York, Eeb. 20, 1846,
Labored at Benares until his death, Oct. 1, 1852.
George Welsh, B. 1803, at New Cunnock, appointed to Bangalore.
O. A. at Madras, Sept. 1834. and D. there Oct. 21, 1834.
Thomas Boaz, LL. D. B. Aug. 10, 1806, at Scarborough. O.
June 18, 1834. A. at Calcutta, Dec. 10, 1834. Was pastor of Union
chapel. II. to Eng. in 1847. Rt. Jan 7, 1850. On account of ill-health
R. to Eng. in Dec. 1858, Ret July 4, 1860, D. in Lon. Oct. 13,1861. {See
“ The Missionary Pastor ; Memorials of Rev. T. Boaz, LL. D.” Lon.
Snow, 1862).
James William Gordon. Son of the Rev. J. Gordon. B. at Vizaga-
patam, in 1811. O. Sept. 3, 1834, at Exeter. A. Eeb. 4, 1835. S.
Vizagapatam. II. to Eng, Dec. 12,1839. Rt. to Vizagapatam, Dec. 28,
1842. In July, 1844 removed to Chicacole. R. to Vizagapatam in July,
1845. II. toNeilghery Hills, 1871-72. Ret. in 1875.
Edward Porter. B. July 12, 1810. O. May 19, 1835, A. Sept.
3,1835. Labored at Vizagapatam until 1844, at Cuddapah till 1846,
when he R. to Eng. for two years. Rt. and labored at Cuddapah from
1848 to 1867 when he Ret. ultimately to Eng.
Colin Campbell. B. Dec. 23, 1810, at Paisley. O. April 10, 1835.
A. at Madras Sept. 3,1835. S Bangalore, 1835-40, Mysore, 1840-50,
Bangalore, 1850-61, Salem, 1861-62, R. to Eng. in 1862, Rt. June 4,
1864. Ret. to Eng. in'1875.
Gilbert Turnbull. B. in 1811, in the Isle of Wight. O. Aug. 4,
1836. A. Dec. 29, 1836. S. Bangalore. Health failing, he went to
Australia in 1838. D. near Sydney, March 19, 1839.
William Thompson. B. May 23, 1811, at Leith, Lancashire. O.
Aug. 15, 1836. A. Dec. 29, 1836. S. Bellary. II. to Eng. March,
1840—Jan. 1841. S. Bellary. In Aug 1844, proceeded to Madras, to
superintend the preparation of new Canarese type. R. to Bellary in


INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRKOTORY.
44
Jan. 1845. 11. to Eng. in 1849, on account of his wife’s ill health.
Having accepted the pastorate at Cape Town, his connection as a mis-
sionary with the Society ceased. Arrived at Cape Town June 24, 1850,
served as Agent and General Treasurer for the South African Missions.
James Bradbury. B Sept. 22, 1805, at Mayfield, Staffordshire. 0.
Sept. 7, 1836. A at Calcutta, Feb 8, 1837. In 1842, removed to
Chinsurah, in July 1849, to Berhampore R. to Eng. in 1870 Ret. in 1872.
John Shrieves. B. 1802, in India. S. Bellary 1836-47 where he
was O. Jan. 29, 1845. In 1847-49 Cuddapah, 1849-55, Bellary. D.
Feb. 9, 1857.
J. A. Regel. B. in I Appointed assistant missionary at Pulicat
near Madras, in July, 183G. In 1839, removed to Bangalore O. at
Bangalore, April 10, 1840. Rt Dec. 11, 1843.
William Penman Lyon. B. Dec. 28, 1812, at Glasgow. O. July
7, 1837. A. Dec. 12, 1837. S. Benares. On account of wife’s ill health
R. to Eng. in 1840, when his connection with the Society ceased. Sub-
sequently became pastor at Albany Chapel, Regents Park, London.
Thomas L. Lessel. B. Apr 23, 1807, at Aberdeen. 0. Aug. 1,
1837. A. at Calcutta, Dec. 12, 1837. In Dec. 1838, removed to Ber-
hampore. H. to Eng. May 20, 1852. R. to Calcutta, Dec. 1-1, 1861.
Ret. 1868, and in 1870 R: to Eng.
Robert Caldwell. B. May 7, 1814, near Belfast. O July 7, 1837.
A Jan. 7. 1838 S. Madras. On his joining the Gospel Propagation
Society, he resigned his connection with the L. M. S. June 28, 1841.
In 1842, he commenced a station under the Gospel Propagation Society at
Edeyengoody, Tinnevelly.
James T. Pattison. B. 1811 in London. O. Oct. 4, 1837 A.
Mar. 31, 1838. S. Quilon and Nagercoil. Connection dissolved June 1844.
John Abbs.
April 20, 1838.
Ret. in 1861. L.
core.”
B. Dec, 20, 1810. O. Aug. 23, 1837. A. atNeyoor
In 1845 removed to Pareychaley. In 1859 R to Eng.
“ Twenty-two years’ Missionary experience in Travan-
Lon : Snow and Co., 1.870.
John Cox. B. 1811 at Painswick, Gloucestershire O. July 27,
1837. A. Mar. 31, 1838. In April, 1838 commenced a station at
Trevandrum. Ret. in Aug. 1861.
James Russell B. May 18, 1806, at Glasgow. Was Pastor at
Rendall, Orkney. A. Mar. 31, 1838 S. Nagercoil, 1838-40. In 1840
formed a new station at James Town. II. to Australia, June. 1856 to
May, 1857. Ret. in 1860 to England.
Archibald Ramsay. B 1806, in London. A March 31,1838, and
proceeded te Nagercoil, where he commenced a Medical Mission. After-
wards removed to Neyoor. Connection dissolved, June 30, 1842.
William Morton. Engaged in Calcutta about 1838. In 1840 R.
to Eng. R. to Calcutta, in 1842. On account of ill-health Ret. to Eng.
in 1845.
James Sewell. B. Nov. 7, 1809, at Thcalby, Lincolnshire. O.
Feb. 22, 1838. A. at Madras, July 28, 1838. S. Bangalore. R. to
Eng. in 1845. R. to Bangalore, in 1849. Ret. to Eng. in Aug. 1864.


LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
45
John Luinb. B. 1809, at Otley, Yorkshire. 0. Aug. 2, 1838. A.
Bee. 1838. S. Madras. After six months his health failed; R. to Eng.
in 1839, when his connection with the Society ceased.
J. II. Edward Van Iloer. B. 1806, at Brunswick. 0. Sept. G,
1838. A. at Calcutta Jan. 19, 1839. Ilis connection with the Society
was dissolved in June, 1841.
Ferdinand Van Sommer. B. 1803, at Covendon, Holland 0. Sept.
6, 1838. A. at Calcutta. Jan. 19, 1839. Soon after left India. Connection
dissolved in Mav. 1841.
James Kennedy. B. May 11, 1815, at Aberfeldy, Perthshire. 0.
Aug. 1, 1838. A. at Calcutta, Jan 19, 1839, and at Benares, March
31. H. to Eng. at the close of 1849. Kt. Feb. 24. 1854 Health failing
11. to Eng. in 1862. lit. Jan. 4, 1866, visited Almorah in 1867-68, and
formed a new Station at Ranikhet, April 30, 1869. H. to Eng. in 1877,
Ret. in 1877. L. ‘’Essays on Fundamental Questions.” Mirzapore, 1874;
and other works. Has pastoral charge at Portobello, Scotland.
Henry Bower. B. in India. Was engaged, in 1838, as an Assistant
Missionary in the Madras Mission, and appointed to Tripassore. In 1841,
he joined Gospel Propagation Society.
William Rawson. B. Jan. 16, 1816, at Vizagapatam. Was en-
gaged, in 1838, as Assistant Missionary at Cuddapah. In 1840, removed
to Chicacole. 0. in 1843. In June, 1852, removed to Vizianagram.
To Eng in 1857. lit. early in 1859. Labored at Vizianagram. In 1875
left I. for E but B. on the voyage, May 5.
Rudolphe Bellodt. B. in Switzerland. Went to I in 1835, and in
Jan. 1838 joined L. M S. Labored at Calcutta, where he B. Aug. 29, 1843
John Michael Lechler. B. in 1804. in Germany. Having resigned
his connection with the C. M. S., joined the L. M. S.. in 1839. S. Coim-
batoor and Salem. II. to Eng. in 1854. R to Salem in July, 1855.
B. at Salem, June 17, 1861.
William Flower B Aug 16, 1811, at Bolley, Hants. O] Feb.
6, 1839. A. at Bombay Aug 2, and at Surat, Sept. 1839. In 1844,
joined Mr. Clarkson in commencing a new station at Baroda, Guzerat.
On account of ill-health 11. to Eng. 1846. B. at Titchfield, Feb. 3. 1847.
William Clarkson. B. 1817, at Salisbury. A. Jan 30, 1839. A.
at Surat, Bee. 15, 1839. In Nov. 1844 removed to Baroda, afterwards,
to Mahi Kantha. II. to Eng. in 1848. lit in 1851. Ret. to Eng. in 1854
subsequently became pastor at Folkestone. L. “India and the Gospel;”
“Missionary Encouragements in India;” “ Christ and Missions.” Lon.
Snow and Co.
Ebenezer Lewis. B. Oct. 4, 1812, near Aberystwith. 0. July 9,
1839. A Jan 7, 1840. S. Coimbatoor, 1840-43, Madras, 1843-46,
Nagercoil, 1846-55, (formed a new station at Santhapuram). II. to Eng,
in Aug. 1855. lit. in 1857. Labored in Travancore, chiefly occupied in
revision of N. T. in Tamil. Health failing, R. to Eng. in 1862. Ret. in.
1867. B. at Buckhurst Hill, Essex, Nov. 30, 1873.
Alexander Litch. B. Feb. 27, 1816, at Edinburgh, O. June 12,
1839. A. at Madras, Jan. 7, and at Chittoor, Feb. 7, 1840. In 1842, re-


46
INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
moved to Madras. In 1847 health having failed, Ret. to Eng. and
settled at Wigton, Cumberland.
Richard Daniel Johnston. B. Feb. 14, 1815 ini. Engaged, in
1839, as assistant at Vizagapatam. 0. in 1843. In 1855 commenced a
station at Nundial. In 1870 visited Eng. Rt. Nov. 11, 1871. Ret. 1878.
William Glen, M.R.CS. B. Annan, Dumfriesshire, Oct. 2, 1811.
0. Dec. 23, 1839 A. June, 1841. S. Mirzapore. His connection was
dissolved by a Board Resolution of March 26, 1844. But Oct. 30,1848,
he was again appointed as an Assistant missionary at Mirzapore. He
resigned his connection with the Society in Feb. 1854.
William Porter. B. Nov. 10, 1811, at Sherborne. 0. May 28,
1840. A at Madras, Sept. 15, 1840. S. Madras. II. to Eng. in July,
1855. Ret. June 24, 1857. Undertook a boarding school at Hastings.
David Gilkinson Watt. B. in 1817, at Irvine, N. B. O. June 9,
1840. A. June 2, 1841. S. Benares. H. to Eng. in 1844. Rt. Dec.
181G. S. Benares. His health having failed, Rt. to Eng, in 1848,
and Ret. soon afterwards, took a pastorate at Norwich, Cheshire.
John Smith Wardlaw, D. D B. July 25. 1813, at Glasgow. 0. July
14, 1841. A. at Madras, Sept. 22. and at Bellary, Oct. 28. 1842, II. to
Eng. in 1845. Rt. to Bellary in Oct. 1846. Had charge of the Ward-
law Inst, (opened Aug. 28, 184G) and assisted in Scripture translation.
H. to the Cape, 1853-4. In 1856 removed to Vizagapatam to co-operate
with Mr. Hay in revision of Telugu Scriptures. H. to Eng. in 1859.
In 1861 was appointed President of the Highgate Inst, and conducted
it until 1871, when it was closed. D Oct. 9, 1872. at St. John’s Wood.
L. “Memoir of Rev. W. H. Drew,” Vizagapatam, 1857.
John Owen Whitehouse B. April 23, 1815. at Dorking. 0.
June 8, 1842. A. Sept. 22, 1842. S. Nagercoil, in charge of the Sem-
inary, and in 1855 of the Printing Press and District. In 1856 the
charge of the eastern half of the Santhapuram District rested on him
and also the oversight of the James Town District. IL to Eng. Jan 22,
1857. As his wife’s health did not permit her return to India, his con-
nection with the Society ceased, June 30, 1861. From Juno, 1867 to
April, 1875 assisted in revision of the system carried on in the Foreign
Department of the Society, discharging at various times, in 1870, and
in 1873-74, the duties of the Foreign Secretariat.
Matthew William Wollaston. B. Aug. 1802, at Calcutta. Had
held a situation in the Government College at Agra, which he relinquish-
ed on conscientious grounds. Was engaged in the Mirzapore mission in
1843, and in Jan. 1844 was appointed Supt. of schools there. O. in Nov.
1844. Visited Eng. in 1847. Rt. in 1848 and labored at Mirzapore un-
til his death, June 10, 1851. L ‘ Grammar for the use of natives in
India” ; “ Sanskrit Grammar.”
Joseph Mullens, D.D. B. Sept. 2, 1820. O. Sept. 5, 1843. A. in
Calcutta Jan. 9,1844. Labored in the L M.S. Inst, and also in ver.
preaching. H. to Eng. in April, 1858. Rt. Dec. 20, 1860. In May,
1865, was invited by the Directors to assist Dr. Tidman in the Foreign
Secretaryship. R, to Eng. by way of South India and China, visiting


LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
47
the stations of the Society. A. in Eng. April 22, 1867. On the death
of Dr. Tidman, March 8, 1868, he became sole Foreign Secretary. In 1870
visited Canada and in 1873-4 Madagascar (Deputation Work). While
on a similar journey to Ujiji in Africa, he D. July 10, 1879, near Mpwa-
para, Africa. L. “ Missions in South India,” 1854. “ liesuits of Mis-
sionary Labor,” 1856. “ Memorials of the Rev. A. F. Lacroix,” 1862.
“ Ten years Missionary Labor in India” 1863; “ London and Calcutta,”
1868. “Twelve Months in Madagascar,” 1875. “Statistical Tables of Mis-
sions in India;” and other works.
John Henry Parker; B. Nov. 14, 1816, at Hackney. 0. Sept.
7,1843 A. Jan. 9, 1844. S. Calcutta, laboringin L. M. S. Inst, and
in ver. preaching. H. to Eng. in Dec. 1852. lit. Aug. 2, 1856.
Resumed work in L.M.S. Inst, and at Coolie Bazar Chapel. D. at
Calcutta, Sept. 9, 1858.
Julius Ullmann. A German missionary who had labored some
years in India. Educational work at Benares, from Aug. 1844 to 1847,
when he resigned.
John Sugden B. 1821, at Woodsomc Lees, near Huddersfield. 0.
March 20, 1845. A. Aug. 2, 1845. S. Bangalore Labored in the
Tamil department of the Mission and Seminary. 11. to Eng. in 1852.
His connection with the Society soon afterwards ceased, and lie took a
pastorate at Lancaster.
Joseph Van Someren Taylor. B. July 3, 1820, at Bellary, 1. O.
July 15, 1845, at Bermondsey. A. at Bombay 28, 1845. and at Baroda,
in Nov. 1846. In 1817 removed to Malli Kantha. H to Eng. in 1856.
In 1859 joined the Irish Presbyterian Mission
T Artope. A German. Was engaged as an Assistant at Mirza-
pore in 1845. 11. to Europe in 1854, when his connection with the Society
ceased.
C. Droese. A German. Had labored in I under another Mis-
sionary Society. Was engaged in I. Sept 28, 1846, as Assistant mis-
sionary in the Benares mission. His connection with the S. ceased in
1847, when he 11. to the scene of his former labours.
Edward Storrow. B Nov. 1818, at Darlington. 0. Dec 16,1847.
A. at Calcutta, March 6, 1848. Labored in L. M. S. Inst, and in ver.
preaching. II to Eng. Jan. 1858 to Sept. 1859. Served as pastor of
Union chapel, 1859-66. Health failing R. to Eng. in Jan. 1866. Het. in
1868. Subsequently labored at Rugby and at Brighton. L. ‘'The East-
ern Lily Gathered,” Watson’s “Apology for the Bible,” “India and
Christian Missions,” 1859.
William Henry Hill. B. June 3, 1822, at Calcutta (Son of Rev.
M. Hill). 0. Jan. 6, 1848, at Plymouth. A. March 6, 1848. Labored
in L. M. S. Inst, and ver. preaching and itinerating. In Jan. I860 pro-
ceeded to the Cape for the benefit of his health, thence to Eng. in Jan.
18G1. In 1863 his health not having sufficiently improved Ret. Settled
at Faversham, Kent.
Carl Buch, Ph. D. B. Jan. 29, 1819, at Maaster, Westphalia.
0. April 24, 1849. A. Madras, Sept. 23, and at Calcutta, Oct. 13, 1849,


INDIAN MISSIONARY DIREOTOliY.
+8
Labored in L. 31. S. Inst. In Oct. I860, resigned his connection with
the Society, and soon after was appointed Principal of t lie Government
College, at Bareilly, where in the Mutiny, he was shot on June 1, 1857.
J. G. Stanger. Was previously connected with the Basel Miss. Soc.
In June, 1850 was engaged as assistant missionary at Bellary. Work,
preaching and itinerating. Ret. in 1855
Charles James Addis. B. in Travancore. (Son of Rev. W. B. Addis).
In Oct. 1850 was appointed assistant missionary at Coimbatoor. On
account of ill health Ret. in 1861 to Coonoor.
Frederick Baylis. B. Nov. 18, 1825, at Rodborough, Gloucester-
shire. 0. Aug 29, 1850, at Southampton. A. Dec 20, 1850. S. Mad-
ras, 1851-54. Neyoor, 1854-72. L Numerous works in Tamil ; for sev-
ral years was .joint, and afterwards, sole editor of the illustrated Tamil
Magazine, “ Desopakari.” II. to ling. March, 1872 to Nov. 1874. D.
at Moottam. near Neyoor, May, 1877.
Alfred Corbold. B. May 7, 1821, at Ipswich. O. Aug 7,1850.
A. at Bombay Jan. 9, 1851. S. Mahi Kantha and Borsad until 1860.
II. to Eng. in June. 1860. Rt Jan. 31, 1862. S Madras Health
failing R. to Eng. March 1. 1870. Rt Jan. 4, 1873. S. Madras.
Health again failing Rt. to Eng. in 1875. D. at Bedford, Sept. 1877.
Charles Calder Leitch. (M. R. C. S. Ed ) B Oct. 31, 1822, at Edin-
burgh. Appointed as Medical missionary at Neyoor. O. Sept 4, 1851.
A. at Madras, Dec. 17, 1851, at Neyoor in Feb. 1853. Drowned at
Moottam. on seacoast, while bathing, Aug 25, 1854. (See “ Memoir,”
by the Rev D. Smith, D. D. Edinburgh, 1856).
Richard John Sargent. B. Nov. 19, 1822, at Plymouth. O Sept.
11, 1851. A. Dec 17, 1851. S. Bangalore. In 1857 removed to Mad-
ras and took charge of the Tamil church, etc. R. to Eng. on account of
wife’s ill health in 1861. His connection with the Society ceased in
Sept. 1863, when he became pastor at Billericay, Essex.
Edward Josiah Evans B June 30, 1826, in Lon. O. Aug. 28,
1851. A. at Belgaum, Dec. 22, 1851. In Apr. 1852, proceeded to
Mirzapore, in Aug. 1856 to Madras. R. to Eng. in 1860. Rt. in 1863,
settled at Poyle, Middlesex.
Philip Ludwig'Mens Valett. Had been connected with the Dresden
Missy Soc’y. In 1852, joined the L M S. and was appointed to Bellary.
A. Feb. 10, 1853. In 1857 was transferred to Chicacole. Ret. to Eng.
in 1859.
Matthew Atmore Sherring. B. Sept. 26, 1826, at Halstead, Essex.
E. at Univ. Col. Lon. and Coward Col. O. Dec. 7, 1852. A. at Benares,
Feb. 12, 1853. In Nov. 1856 removed to Mirzapore. R. to Benares,
in 1861. In 1866 R. by way of America to Eng. Rt. Feb. 6, 1869.
S. Benares. II. to Eng. in 1876. Rt. and labored at Benares, where
he D. Aug. 10. 1880. L. “ The Indian Church during the Rebellion.”
Lon. Nisbet, 1859. “ The Sacred City of the Hindus.” Lon. Trubner
and Co. 1868. “The Tribes and Castes of India, as represented in Be-
nares.” Lon. Trubner and Co. 1872. “[The History of Protestant Mis-
sions in India,” Lon. Trubner and Co. 1875.


LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
49
George Hall. B. Sept. 27, 1825, at Edinburgh 0. April 7, 1851.
Labored in Jamaica, 1851-53. R. to Eng. 1853. A. at Madras April
5, 1854, where he took charge of L.M. S. Inst. H. to Eng. July 6, 1863.
lit. in Oct. 1865. On account of wife’s death R. to Eng. May 12,1871-
Rt. to Madras in 1872. H. to Eng. in 1876. Ret. 1879.
C. E. Thompson. B. in I. Engaged in 1. as assistant missionary
at C'hicacole. In 1853 removed to Vizianagram, in 1861, to Vizagapa-
tam, in 1868, to Chicacole. Ret. in 1877.
Theodore Gottlieb Kubler E. at Basle. O. March 4, 1855, in Lon.
A. in 1855. S. Salem and Madras In Oct. 1857, on account of ill health,
R. to Eng. Ret. in 1858.
John Joll Dennis B. Eeb. 14, 1830, at Morice Town, near Ply-
mouth. 0. Oct. 4, 1855. A. Feb 12. 1856. S. Nagercoil. On account of
his wife’s ill health R. to Eng in 1862. Rt. Aug. 18, 1863, proceed-
ed to Nagfircoil, where he 1). Nov. 15, 1864.
John Macarthey. B. May, 1828, at Castle Douglas, N. B. 0. Jan.
7, 1857. A, July 1857, at Bellary where he took charge of the Wardlaw
Institution. In Nov. 1863 resigned his connection with the Society.
William Jones. B. 1833 at Llanwrin, Montgomeryshire 0. Sir-
howv, Feb. 10, 1858. A. Calcutta April 9. 1858 In Feb. 1859 he was
transferred to the Mirzapore mission. Labored at Benares and Mirzapore.
In Dec. 1863 left Benares to establish a mission in the District of
Singrowli, south of Mirzapore and settled at Duddhi: H 1867. R.
Jan. 1869. D. at Duddhi, April 25, 1870.
William Moody Blake. B. Madras Aug. 1828. 0. Jan. 1858.
A. 1858. S. Calcutta, 1860; Benares 1861-68. R. to Eng. in 1870, and
Ret. in Oct. 1871. Subsequently settled at St. Peter’s Port, Guernsey.
Samuel Jones. B June 13, 1830, at Warrington. 0. Nov. 3, 1858.
A. 1859. S. Coimbatoor. II to Eng. in 1867. Rt. in March, 1871.
S. Nagercoil. H to Eng. in 1877. I). in Lon. May 29, 1877
John Crichton Dick. B. Edinburgh, April 27, 1834. 0 Feb. 16,
1859. Sailed March 7, 1859. Died on his passage out, June 27, 1859.
George Shrewsbury. B. May 6, 1833, at Hythe, Kent. 0 Aug.
23, 1860. A. Dec. 20, 1 860. S. Berliampore. His health not improving
Ret to Eng. 1868. His connection with the Society ceased in 1870
when he become pastor at Ingress Vale, Greenhithe, Kent.
James Frank Gannaway, B. 1838 at Wartlington, Hants O. July
10. 1861. A. in Nov. 1861. S. James Town. His wife’s health failing
lef tlndia in Aug. 1864 for Eng. In 1865 Ret. and in 1866 became Pastor
at Wotton-under-edge, Gloucestershire.
John Lowe, M. R. C. S. Ed. B. Mar. 2, 1835, at Banchory,
Aberdeenshire. Appointed Medical missionary at Neyoor. O July 1,
1861. A at Neyoor Nov. 21, 1861. In 1868 on account of wife’s ill-
health R. to Eng. Resigned Mar. 13. 1871, and became Supt of Train-
ing Inst, Edinburgh Medical Mission.
S. R. Asbury. B. Feb. 1833, at Hanley, Staffordshire. E. at
Andover Theol. Sem. (U. S. A.) and Univ. Col. Lon. 0. July 30, 1861.
A. Jan. 3, 1862, at Mirzapore. Ret. to Eng. in 1864.


INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
5°
Frederick J. Bright. B. in Essex, Dec. 24, 1832. 0. June 6, 1861.
A. Jan 3, 1862. S Mirzapore. In 1864 Bet. to Eng. when his
connection with the Society ceased.
Goodeve Mabbs. B. 1835 at London. 0. Aug. 13, 1861. A. Jan
1862. S. Salem. 1862-65. Nagercoil 1866. Bos. Jan. 19, 1867 and
Bet. Sept. 23. 1868. Subsequently became Pastor at Holy, Moorside.
William Edward Morris. B. Aug 3, 1855, at Llanfyllan, Mont-
gomeryshire. 0. Aug. 14, 1861. A at Coimbatoor. in Jan. 1862. Es-
tablished a mission at Tirupoor, Apr. 9, 1863 Bemoved to Salem, in
Nov. 1865. Health having failed B to Eng. April 9, 1869, Bet. Apr.
30, 1872. Settled at Market Harborough.
Alexander Thomson B. in 1834. 0. July 1, 1861. A. at Cud-
dapah, in Jan. 1862. D at Bellary, Sept. 6, 1862.
Edward Allport Wareham. B. March, 1838, at Hampton Wick,
Middlesex. 0 June 23, 1864. A. Nov. 1864. S. Belgaum. Suffering
from sunstroke, H to Eng. in 1871. Bet. in 1872, and was appointed
District Agent for Scotland and Ireland.
Oct. 17. 1839, at Egerton, near Bolton. 0.
In April, 1865 opened a Mission at Pullach y
At the close of 1866 removed to Coimba-
Thomas Haslam. B
Sent. 1, 1864. A. 1864.
in the Coimbatoor District
toor, where he labored until his death, June 13. 1869
William G. Mawbey. B 1840, at Northampton. 0. July 5,
1864. A. 1865. S. Cuddapah. H. to Eng. in 1876. Afterwards Bet.
David Meadowcroft. B. Feb. 1838, at Manchester. 0. July 4,
1864. A. in Dec. 1864. S Madras. His wife’s health having failed B.
to Eng. Feb. 2, 1867, and Bet. Afterwards went to Australia.
William Whyte B. Oct 6, 1838, at Oban, Argyleshire 0. June
5, 1866. A. at Madras, Oct. 21, 1866 and D. there Dec. 30, 1866.
Henry De Vere Gookey. B. Mar. 16. 1843, at Southampton. 0.
July 4, 1866. A. Jan. 12, 1867. S. Vizagapatam. II to Eng. in 1875,
Bet. in 1878
John Naylor. B. Mar. 4, 1837, at Halifax 0. July 26, 1866. A. at
Calcutta, Oct. 29. 1866. H. to Eng. in April, 1875. Bet. Jan. 26, 1877
Henry Toller. B May 10, 1845, at Market Harborough. O’
Sept. 2, 1869. A. Jan. IS, 1870: D at Salem. March 15. 1870.
Stephen Organe. B. 1839, at Bristol.
12, 1867. S. Madras, Educational work
health B to Eng in 1867. B. Feb 7. 1868.
O July 4, 1866. A. Jan.
On account of wife’s ill-
S Madras. Jan 18, 1871
resigned connection with the Society, and accepted the pastorate of the
Church at Davidson Street Chapel, Madras.
Edwin Midwinter. B. March, 1853, at Newbury. 0 Feb. 16,
1876. A. in 1876. S. Vizagapatam, where he 1) May 27, 1877.
Alexa11^01’ Strachan. B Nov. 26, 1853 at Fraserburgh, N. B. 0.
Oct. 5, 1877. A. in 1877. S. Calcutta, where he D. Sept. 20, 1878.


CHAPTER IV.
The American Board.
I. THE MARATHI MISSION.
The American Maratlii Mission was the first established
by “The American Board,”* the oldest Missionary Society
in America. This Society was organized in June, 1810, but the
first missionaries did not sail till February, 1812. They landed
in Calcutta the following June, and were peremptorily ordeied
out of the country by Government. Two of them escaped to
Bombay, and endeavored to commence missionary work there.
These were the Revs. Gordon Hall and Samuel Nutt. They
were at first forbidden to eDgage in missionary work at Bombay,
but after suffering much annoyance, and once having their pass-
age engaged to England by order of the Bombay Government,
they at last received permission to remain. An earnest appeal
by the missionaries themselves to the excellent Governor of Bom-
bay, Sir Even Nepean, was mainly effectual in securing this re-
sult. The letter giving the permission was dated December
21, 1813. They were soon joined by the Rev Samuel Newell.
When ordered away from Calcutta., Mr. Newell had taken pas-
sage in a ship to the Isle of Franco. But the hardships of the
voyage proved too much for Mrs N. in her delicate health, and
soon after landing at Port Louis, she rested from her labors.
Having buried his young wife and infant child, Mr. Newell ie-
turned alone to India, to carry out his cherished purpose of
preaching the Gospel to the Hindus.
Permission having been received to reside in the city, aud
preach to the Native population, the missionaries commenced
their work in earnest. They experienced especially severe
trials in the outset, but they were men of large faith, of untiring
* Note.—The full title of this Society is, “ The American Board of
Commissioners for Foreign Missions.” But except in official documents,
it is more commonly known as“ The American Board.”


INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
5*
energy, and they counted not their lives dear to themselves if
they might win in the struggle. Others soon came to their
support. In 1815, the Rev. H. Bardwell, who understood print-
ing, joined the Mission. A press was soon at work, which with
constantly improving types and other appliances, was one of the
chief agencies employed by the American Mission till 1855.
Other presses in the meantime having been established, at
which all necessary printing could be done, this secular work
was then dropped as no longer indispensable to the Mission.
Of the three founders of the Mission, Mr. Nott was compell-
ed by failing health to return home in about three years, but
lived in America till 1869. In May, 1821, Mr. Newell fell a
victim to cholera, that fearful scourge of India which has so of-
ten thinned the ranks of missionaries as well as other classes of
foreign residents.
Mr. Hall labored thirteen years at Bombay. His labors
were various and arduous. Besides preaching to the heathen he
spent much time in the translation of portions of Scripture, and
the writing of suitable tracts in Marathi. He also made long
tours into the Deccan, sowing the seed broad-cast. It was on one
of these tours in March, 1826 that he finished his course. Visit-
ing Nasik and Trimbakeshwar, he found the cholera raging, and
the people in a panic, without any means of checking the dis-
ease. With characteristic self-forgetfulness, he began to give
the sick medicines from his own little stock, till it was nearly
exhausted. He then started on his return to Bombay. At the
end of the second day he reached a place called Durli Dhapur
about thirty miles from Nasik. Having no tent, he stopped in
the verandah of an open temple for the night. The cold and
other discomforts of the place, added to the fatigue of the jour-
ney, prepared his system for a fatal attack of the disease raging
around him. This came on about four o’clock the next morning
as he was preparing to start on his journey. Medicine adminis-
tered by his attendants was rejected, and he then told them that
he should not recover. Having given a few brief directions
about the burial of his body and other matters, he prayed with
them, and calmly awaited the end. He died about noon of the
s^me day, one of the humble heroes whose record is on high.


THE AMERICAN BOARD.
53
His attendants wrapped the body in a blanket, and laid it in a
grave in the Musalman burying-ground.*
In the few years following the death of Mr. Hall, several
members of the Mission made long tours through the Marathi
country, preaching and distributing tracts and vernacular por-
tions of Scripture. In December, 1831, Ahmednagar was
occupied by Messrs. Graves, Read, and Hervey, as an inland
station. Since its occupation this city and the districts around
it have engrossed a large part of the time and strength of the
Mission. The greater part of the churches are organized here,
and most of the Native Assistants are employed in these dis-
tricts. Satara was occupied in 1849 by the Rev. W. Wood.
Sholapur was occupied in 1861 by the Rev. C. Harding.
Schools for children of both sexes have formed an impor-
tant agency in the operations of the Mission since its founding.
At first, Hindu teachers wero employed, as no others were avail-
able; the schools being carefully superintended by the mission-
aries or Native Christian catechists. But for the last twenty-
five years, only Christian teachers have been employed. Miss
Farrar, who was thirty-five years connected with the Mission,
labored with untiring energy and zeal and with much success,
in establishing and carrying on girls’ schools. Many hundreds
of girls were thus brought under Christain instruction. The
school for Christian girls at Ahmednagar has numbered about
100 pupils for some years past. In the 60 schools of the Mission
about 1,200 pupils arc under the instruction of Christian teachers.
Other stations have been occupied by the missionaries in
the districts around Ahmednagar, and one at Bhuinj in the
Satara district. Sirur was occupied by the Rev. O. French in
1842; Ixhokar by the Rev W. P. Barker in 1855; Wadale by the
Rev. S. B. Fairbank in 1857; Rahuri by the Rev. A. Abott in 1859.
There are now (January, 1881)five missionaries connect-
ed with the Ahmednagar district, two with Satara, one with
Sholapur, two at Bombay, and one is in America on fur-
lough. There is also a medical missionary lady in Bombay.
*Note.—One of the attendants of Mr. Hall at the time of his death,
Mr. Thomas Graham, is still living (January, 1881) in Bombay. He was a
most valuable Assistant in the “ American Press” while this was carried on
by the Mission, and is now employed iu connection with the “ Education
Society’s Press,” Bombay.


â– 
i 1
INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
54
There are 25 churches in connecbiou with the Mission, of which
fifteen have ordained pastors over them.
The following1 statistics show the growth of these churches.
The first part of the statistics refers to the churches in Ahined-
nagar district only ; the others to all the stations of the Mission.
Members received into the chuich on profession of faith :
In
Number
1831 to 1840, inclusive, ... 16
1841 to 1850, ,, .. • .. • 138
1851 to 1860, ,, ... 441
all the churches—received on pr ofession :
1861 to 1870, inclusive, • • • . • • 463
1871 to 1880, „ 1,190
of Communicants:
Januaiy 1, 1861, 473
Do. do. 1871, ... 629 Increase 156
Do. do. 1881, ... 1 1,340 do. 711
The following literaiy labors of missionaries of this Mis-
sion may be mentioned. The books, if not out of print, can
probably be obtaiucd through the Treasurer of the American
Board, L. S. Ward, Esq., Congregational House, U.S.A*
Memoirs of Rev. Gordon Hall. (1834?. By Rev. Hora-
tio Bardwell, D d, ; 260 p .
Memoirs of the converted Brahman, Babajee. (1836).
Rev. Hollis Read. 2. Vols., pp. 264 and 275.
India a,nd its People, Aucient and Modern. (1859). Rev.
Hollis Read. Pp. 384.
India, Aucient and Modern, Geographical, Political, So- '
cial and Religious. (1856). Rev. JD.A. Allen, d.d. 8vo, pp. 618.
Journal of a Missionary tour in India
Ramsay, pp. 367.
1'be Conquest of India by the Chuich.
Munger.
A Grammar of the Marathi Language :
ffSurya Siddhanta’L “
Rev. E. Burgess.
(1836). Rev W.
Translation of the
Antiquity and Unity of the Human Race.5'
[L. B.]


55
THE AMERICAN HOARD.
MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY.
Ankaipagar, AIahipati Balaji. Professed Christianity Aug. 28,
1853. 0. Dec 26, 18G7. In charge of the church in (Ad.) Dedagav,
Ahmednagar, Bombay P.
Ballantine, William Osborne, Al. D. B. at Ahmednagar, Feb 9,
1849. A. (from America) April 18, 1875. S. Ahmednagar. Rahuri. AV.
medical practice and ver. preaching. If. Ad. Rahuri, Ahmed nay ar,
Bombay P.
Barase, Jayaram Dama.ii. Professed Christianity May 27, 1855.
O. Dec. 6, 1867. In charge of the church in (Ad.) Shingave, Ahmednag-
ar, Bombay P.
Bhambal, A'ithoba Lakshaman. Professed Christianity Nov. 22,
1857. 0. Nov. 27, 1867. In charge of the church at (Ad.) Gahu, Ah-
mednagar, Bombay P
Bissell, Lemuel. B. at South AVinsor, Ct. U., S A , Dec. 12, 1822.
0. at Milan, Ohio, April 9, 1851. A. Aug. 27, 1851. S Sirur, Ahmed-
nagar. AV. preaching (ver.), itinerating, and instructing Theol. classes.
11. Dec. 14, 1863, to Oct 1 1, 1866 : and from Alarch, 1876 to Dee. 1877.
Al. Ad. Ahmednagar, Bombay P.
Bruce, Henry James A. March 3, 1863. S. Ahmednagar, Khokar,
Rahuri, Satara. AV preaching (ver ) and itinerating H. from Alarch
15,1872, to Oct. 16, 1875. Prepared several works in Marathi, most
important of which is “ Anatomy, Human and Comparative.” Octavo,
pp. 340. Al. Ad. Satara, Bombay P.
Diialawani, Kasam AIahamatiji. B at Ahmednagar, in 1837.
Professed Christianity June 9, 1856. 0. Nov. 19, 1863. S Khokar 1863
to Dec , 1870, when he became pastor of the church at Sirur. Is now
laboring as an evangelist at Satara. Ad Satara, Bombay P.
Fairbank, Samuel Bacon. B Dec. 14, 1822, at Stamford,
Ct , U S A E. Illinois College at Jacksonville, and received B A., in
1842. After three years of theological study at Andover, was licensed
in 1845 : and received Al A. 0. as an evangelist at Jacksonville, in
1845. Spent the following winter in the study of Marathi. Sailed from
Boston, Alay 28, 1846: landed in Bombay, September 20, 1846. For
more than four years beginning with 1850 resided in Bombay, and super-
intended the American Alission Press: which then did the work of the
Alission and most of the Alarathi work, as well as some Guzerati work of
the Bible and Tract Societies Afterward stationed at Ahmednagar and
Wadale. AVork almost exclusively in Alarathi: preaching, itinerating,
superintending village schools and native agents Literary labors : revis-
ing Bible : editing the tracts of the Alission series and the school-books
—compiling and revising rather than composing: II. Alay 2, 1855, to Jan.
12, 1857: and Aug. 18, 1869, to Aug. 26, 1871. Ad. Ahmednagar,
Bombay P.
Gates, Lorin Samuel. B at East Ilardland, Ct., LT. S. A. Ordain-
ed at Cambridge A't,, July 7, 1875. A. Dec. 28, 1875. W. preaching
Eng. and ver. AL Ad. Sholapiir, Bombay P,




THE AMERICAN HOARD.
57
Rathawad, Saya.ti Mukinda. Professed Christianity May 27, 1855.
0. Dec. 13, 1867. In charge of the church at (Ad) Panchegav, Ahmed-
nctgar, Bombay P.
Salave, Lakshaman Manaji. Professed Christianity Dec. 14
1851. 0. Dec. 19, 1867. In charge of the church at (Ad.) Chande'
Bombay P.
Smith, James. B. at Ontario, Canada, July 13, 1851. E. in Vic-
toria College, and Knox Col Theol. Seminary, graduating from the former
in 1876, «nd from the latter in 1879. M. April, 1879. Appointed to Die
Marathi Mission Sept 19: 0. at St. Mary’s, Ontario, by the Presbytery of
Stratford, Canada, Sept. 29. Sailed from Quebec Oct. 25, and landed in
Bombay Dec. 13, 1879. Ad. Alimednagar., Bombay P.
Wagchaware, Dhondiba Tukaram. Professed Christianity Sept. 17,
1854. 0. Dec. 5, 1872. In charge of the church at (Ad.) Belapoor, Ah-
mednagar, Bombay P.
Wagchaware, Gangaram Lalaba. Professed Christianity Nov. 27,
I. 858. 0. Dec. 12, 1867. In charge of the church at (Ad) Koldgav,
Alimednagar, Bombay P.
Wells, Spencer Rexford, B. at Albany, N. Y., U.S. A. , Aug. 25,
1838. E. at Beloit College, Wis. In the war of 1860, was in the north-
ern army, and lost an arm at Vicksburg. Attended the Chicago Theol.
Sem , and graduated in 1867. 0 at Chicago in 1867. Preached two
years in Dundee and London. Mich.. M. April 6, 1869. A. Bombay
Nov. 13, of the same year. Spent one year in Ahmednagar : has since
labored at Bhuinj and Panchgani. W. mostly Ver. Proceeding to America
on furlough in March, 1881. Ad. Panchgani, Satara, Bombay P.
Winsor, Richard. A. Jan. 22, 1871. S. Sholapur, Satara, Sirur.
W. preaching and itinerating. M. Ad. Sirur, Poona District, Bombay P.
Zadiiav, Sadoba Makajt. B. at Ahmednagar in 1842. Professed
Christianity, July 2. 1854. 0. Jan 25, 1853. In charge of the church
at that place till 1876, then removed. Ad. JMahad Konkan, Bombay P.
RETIRED MISSIONARIES.
Ilollis Read. B. at Newfane, Vt., U. S. A., Aug. 26, 1802. A.
March 7, 1831. S. Bombay, Ahmednagar. W. preaching (ver.) and
itinerating. Left I. March, 18, 1835. Ad. Congl. House, Boston, U. S. A.
Wiliam Ramsey. B. at Thompson, Pa., U. S. A , Eeb. 11, 1803.
A. March 7, 1831. S. Bombay. W. preaching (ver.) and itinerating.
Left I. July 5, 1834. Ad. Congl. House, Boston, U. S. A.
Amos Abbott. B. at Wilton, N.II.,U.S.A., in 1810. A. Oct. 15,1834.
II. 1847-57. S. Ahmednagar, Raliuri, Satara. Left I. in March,
1869. Ad Steel City, Neb., U. S. A.
George W. Boggs. A. Sept. 14, 1838. S. Ahmednagar. W. ver.
preaching. Left I. Dec. 22, J 838. Ad. Congl. House, Boston, U.S.A.
Allen Hazen. D. D. B Nov. 30. 1822. A. Eeb. 27, 1847. S. Ah-
mednagar, Sirur, Bombay, Sholapur. W. preaching (Ver), itinerating,
Bible revision, preparation of tracts, instructing Theol. classes. H. 1858-
64, Left I. Eeb. 24,1872. Ad. Ageivam, Mass , U.S.A,
8


5«
INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
William Wood. B. Bee. 2, 1818. A. Jan. 19, 1848 S. Satara,
Ahmednagar, Satara. W. preaching (Ver.) itinerating, and preparing
tracts. II. 1855-57, 1862 to 1865. Left I. March 15, 1872. Ad.
North Branford, Ct., U. S.A.
Samuel Chase Bean. A. Jan. 12,1857. S. Ahmednagar, Satara,
Bhuinj. W. preaching (ver.) and itinerating. Left I. March 19, 1867 .
Ad. Steele City, Nebraska, U. S, A.
Henry Watkins Ballantine. A. March 3, 1863. S. Bombay, W.
preaching. Left I. March 7, 1865. Ad. Congl. House, Boston, U.S.A.
William Henry Atkinson. B. at Bradford, Yorkshire, Eng. May
29,1838. 0. at Chicago, U.S.A., in April, 1 867. A. Jan. 18, 1868.
S. Ahmednagar, Wadale. Sholapur. W- preaching in ver. and Eng. and
itinerating. Left I. in Jan. 1876. Ad. Orchard, Iowa, U. 8. A.
BECEASEB MISSIONARIES.
Gordon Hall. B. at Tolland, Mass., U. S. A. April 8, 1784. 0.
at Salem, Eeb. 6, 1812. A. in June, 1812. Not being permitted to
remain in Calcutta, where he and his companions landed, in company
with Mr. Nqtt proceeded to Bombay where they opened the mission.
He was engaged in preaching, itinerating and translating. B. while oji
a tour, near Nasik, March 10, 1826.
Samuel Nott. B. at Franklin, Ct, U. S. A. Sept. 11, 1788. 0. at
Salem, Feb. 6, 1812. Landed in Calcutta the following June, and with
Mr. Hall escaped to Bombay. Was engaged in preaching. Left I. on ac-
count of failing health in Sept 1815. B. at Hartford, Ct., July 1, 1869.
Samuel Newpll. B. at Burham, Me., U.S.A , July 24, 1784. O,
at Salem, Feb. 6, 1812. Landed in Calcutta the following June. When
ordered away ho proceeded to the Isle of France, and thence to Bombay,
where he joined the new mission. Was engaged in preaching, itinerat-
ing and translating, p. at Bombay May 31, 1821.
Horatio Bardwell, B.B. B- at Belchertown, Mass., U. S. A. Nov.
3, 1788. 0. in 1815. A. Nov. 1, 1816, and joined the mission at Bom-
bay. Was engaged in preaching and in superintending the Press. Left
I. Jan. 22, }821‘.’ B. in 1867.
John Nichols. B. at Antrim. N II., U. S. A., June 20, 1790. 4-
at Bombay, Feb. 23, 1818. B. Bee. 9, 1824.
Allen Graves. B. at Rupert, Vt., U. S. A. April 8, 1792. A
Feb. 23, 1818. S. Mahim, Bombay, and Mahableshwar.Was in America
from Aug. 1832, to Sept. 1834. B, Bee. 30, 1843.
James Garrett, Esq. B. at Utica, N. Y., U. S. A , July 16, 1797.
A. Aug. 9, 1820. Labored in Ceylon and at Bombay in connection with
the Press. B. July 16, 1831.
Edmund Frost. B. at Brattleboro, Vt., U. S. A., Nov. 16, 1791.
0. in 1823. A. June 28, 1824. S. Bombay. B. Oct. 18, 1825.
Cyrus Stone. B. at Marlboro, N. II., U.S.A., June 9, 1793. A.
Bee. 28, 1827. Labored at Bombay and Jalna in preaching and translat-
ing. Left I. in June, 1838. B.
Bavid Oliver Allen, B.B. B. at Barre, Mass., U, S, A., in 1800. 0.


TIW AMERICAN HOARD.
59
in 18'27. A. Nov. 27, 18 27. S. Bombay, Ahmednagar, Jalna. AV.
preaching in Eng, and ver; itinerating, Bible translation and revision, and
Oare of the Press. II. from Dec. 1832 to Jan. 1834. Left I. in 1852.
D. at Lowell, Mass, July 19, 1863.-
William Hervey. B. at Kingsbury, N. Y., U. S. A., Jan. 22,1799.
A. March 7, 1831. S. Bombay and Ahmednagar, and engaged in'preach-
ing. I), at the latter place May 13, 1832.-
William C. Sampson, Esq. B. at Kingston, N. C’., U.S.A., Jttly
7, 1806. A. Nov. 22, 1833. Labored at Bombay in connection with
the Press. D. at Allepic, Dec 22, 1835.
Sendol Barnes Munger. B. at Fairhaven, Vt., U.S.A., Oct. 5,
1803. O. Feb. 12,1834. ' A. Sept. 10. 1834. S. Bombay, Jalna, Bliin-
gar, Satara. II. 1842 to 1S4G ; May 18, 1853 to Nov. 1854; April i860
to March, 1863. D. at Bombay, July 23, 1868.
George AV. Hubbard. B. at Hanover, N. II , U. S. A., Dec. 25,
1809. A. Sept. 10, 1834. S. Bombay and Jalna in superintending
schools. Left I. in June, 183'7. D.
Henry Ballantine. B. at Schodack, N.Y., U. S. A., Match 5, 1813.
O. in 1834. A Oct. 1 1, 1835. S. Bombay and Ahmednagar. W.
preaching (ver.) itinerating, Bible translating, Christian books in the ver.
instruction of ThCol. classes II. from Dec. 1849', to Nov. 1852. Left I.
Sept. 4, 1865. D at sea. Nov. 9, 1865.
Elijah A Webster, Esq. B. at New Hartford, N. AL,- U. S. A.,-
Feb.20, 1813. A. Oct. 11, 1835, S. Bombay as Supdt. of the Press. Left
1. in 1842. D.
Ebenezer Burgess. B. at Grafton. Vt, U.S A., June 26. 1805; A.
Aug. 10, 1839. S Ahmednagat and Satara. 11. Dec. 1844 to Feb. 1817,
Left I. in Jan. 1851. D at Newton Centre, Mass., Jan. 1, 1870.
Ozro French. B. at Dummcrston, At, U. S. A., June 8, 1807. A.
Aug 10,1839. S. Ahmednagar and Sirur. AV itinerating and ver. preach-,
ing. Left I. July 19, 1849. I) Sept. 28,1865.
Robert AVilson Hume. B. at Stamford, N. Y, U.S A , Nov. 8,
1809. O. in 1838. A. Aug. It', 1839 S. Bombay. AV. preaching, in Engl,
and ver.; editing the ver newspaper ,£ Dnyanodaya.” Was Sec. of the
Bombay Tract Society. Left I. Sept. 20, 1854. I), at sea Nov. 26, 1854.
William AVilberforce Chapin. B. at Somers, Ct., L S.A., Dec. 2,
1S36. O. Sept 24, 1863. A. May 19, 1864. S. Ahmednagar and
Pimplas. D. March 28, 1865.
Hari Ramchandra Khishti. Professed Christianity April 14, 1839,
O. Dec. 13, 1854. D. in Bombay,Jan. 11, 1864.
It is but proper here to add the name of Miss Cynthia Farrar, who
was B. at Marlboro, N.H , U S.A., April 20, 1795, and A. Dec. 28,
1827. She labored at Bombay, Ahmednagar and Satara, superintend-
ing girls’ schools. A’isited America in 1837, Rt. in 1839. She D. at
Ahmednagar, Jan. 25, 1862.


60
INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
II. THE MADURA MISSION.
Tiie District of Madura covers an area of about 8,000 square
miles, and contains over two millions of inhabitants.
The Jesuits have had a mission in Madura foi' more than 250
years. In 1606, Robert De Nobilibus presented himself before
the Brahmans of Madura claiming to be a Brahman of great puri-
ty from the west, strengthening his declaration by a solemn
oath. He labored in the district for about forty years, making
with bis coadjutors, many converts. After the wars between
the French and English, the number of Roman Catholics was
greatly diminished, being estimated in 1776, at 18,000. In 1839,
the Romish population of the district was 25,47 6, and they have
probably not increased much since that period.
The American Mission was commenced in July, 1834, per-
mission having previously been obtained from Sir Frederick
Adam, then Governor of Madras. The first missionaries were
the Rev. William Todd and the Rev. Henry R. Hoisington, who
came from Jaffna, Ceylon, with three native assistants.
Early in 1835, the Rev. Daniel Poor, after visiting Madura,
was so much impressed by the importance of the field that he
removed permanently to this mission, and entered with enthu-
siasm upon his new work. A large number of vernacular schools
were soon established, and also an English school in which many
of the present native officials of the district were educated. At
first the teachers of the schools were idolaters, as no others
could be procured in the district, but the lessons were so arrang-
ed that no heathen books could be introduced. The schools
were generally popular, as they were greatly superior to ordin-
ary native schools, but they were occasionally interrupted by
absurd rumors, which were circulated respecting the object of
the missionaries iu establishing the schools. At one time it was
said the missionaries intended to carry off the boys and sell
them for slaves: then they wero training them for sepoys :
again, that they gave the boys “ spiritual milk”—some magical
potatioD, to make them Chiistians; gradually, however, the peo-
ple gained confidence in the missionaries.


THE AMERICAN HOARD.
61
As the first catechists of the Mission were brought from
â– Jaffna, Tanjore, etc., and, being strangers in the district, were
not always so contented, or satisfactory as could be desired, it
early became a matter of much importance to raise up in the
field the helpers that were needed. Accordingly, a number of
boarding-schools were established in different parts of the dis-
trict, as the first step towards the desired object. Some diffi-
culties were met at the outset, in bringing boys upon the
mission compound, from a caste feeling, but this obstacle was
gradually overcome, and boys of various castes were brought
te live together in harmony.
In 1842, the most advanced scholars in the boarding-
school were brought together at Tirumangalam aud formed the
commencement of a Mission Seminary. The primary object
of this institution was the raising up of suitable mission agents.
The course of study was at first six years. The students were
under no obligations to enter mission service, but were free to
choose their future occupations as they pleased. The divine
favor was vouchsafed to the institution in a remarkable manner,
over 200 of the students having made a profession of religion
while in the Seminary previous to 1867.
Subsequently, a class was received for a shorter course, to
be prepared for schoolmasters, and a class of catechists was af-
terwards received to take a two years’course, after which they
would return to the stations from which they came. Most of the
present native pastors of the Mission, and many of the cate-
chists and schoolmasters, received their education in the seminary.
In 1870, the seminary was changed into an exclusively theologi-
cal school, but experience seems to indicate that a varied couise
of study, including theology, is better adapted to the wants of the
Mission than one exclusively theological.
Although at the commencement of the Mission, vernacular
education was considered as of so much importance, it was not, as
an end, but as a subsidiary means of accomplishing the great
object of the Mission, the conversion of souls, and the building
up of the kingdom of Christ. The schools gave the missionaries
access to the people which they could secure in no other way,
and each school was a preaching station, where the missionary
was always sure of a good and attentive audience of parents


6^
INDIAN MISSIONARY DlilEClTORY.
as well as children. Preaching' was carried on daily id
the villages near the different stations, and frequent tours
were made in more remote parts of the field. In 1843,-
a new feature of the Mission’s history was the application
from communities in villages, to be received and acknowl-
edged as Christians. The motives which prompted these
applications were sometimes of a worldly nature—the desire
to escape from oppression or some indefinite hope of im-
proving their temporal condition, and sometimes, in connection
with this, was au evident longing for a purer faith. What-
ever the motive was, they placed themselves under Christ-
ian instruction, aud renounced all forms of heathenism. When
persecution arose, some went back to their former idolatrous
worship, but many others proved, by therr firmness under trials,
sometimes very severe,- that they were sincere in their accept-
ance of Christianity. The system thus inaugurated, gained
strength from year to year, and, under the regular instruction
imparted, with the blessing of God, some of these nominal
Christians gave evidence that they had truly become the child-
ren of God.
As the field of labor enlarged, without a corresponding
increase of missionaries, the Mission became impressed with the
importance of a more systematic visitation of the whole field,
so far as possible; and in 1863, the missionaries and helpers
Were divided into companies, each of which was to spend a
portion of time in itinerating. In 1865, over t.l,200 villages
Avero visited, and the gospel was preached to about 60,000 hear-
ers, and a large number of Scriptures and tracts were distribut-
ed. Subsequent years have shown much the same result. The
number of actual conversions in this form of labor has been
small, yet a knowledge of truth has been spread far and wide,
aud in many cases men have been led to serious inquiry as to
the truth of tho strange doctrines brought to their hearing.
Churches were formed at the different stations, soon after
the commencement of the Mission and wore at first composed
almost entirely of the native helpers. In 1843 the church
members numbered 18 : iu 1875, there were 32 churches, with
1,880 members in good standing. The first native pastor Was


THE AMEBIC AN BOA ED.
63
ordained on the 25th of March 1855 ; the number of ordained
ministers in 1880 was 18, of whom 13 are in pastoral charge of
native churches. A few of these pastors have had only a verna-
cular education, but they are well versed in the sacred Scrip-
tures. The most efficient of the whole number, are those who,
to earnest piety, have added a good education in English, as
well as in their native tongue.
At first the native pastors received their entire support
from the Mission, but at the present time they are supported
in whole or in part by the churches over which they have been
placed, and in part by the Native Evangelical Society. Most
of the native churches are progressing towards entire self-
support. A “ Church Union” ha3 been in existence for sever-
al years, in which the pastors and delegates from the churches
meet for consultation and action on the interests of the churches.
The subject of Christian benevolence is constantly kept before the
people, and though most of them are very poor, they are increas-
ing in their contributions from year to year. These amounted
in 1880 to Rs. 4,808. Female education has not made much
progress except among Christians, but at several stations
schools for Hindu girls have been established and are fairly
prosperous. In Madura, a desire for education has, to some
extent, been awakened among Hindu women of good caste, and
there is much encouragement to labor among them, though
there are many difficulties to be overcome.
The question of caste, was one which was forced upon the
attention of the Mission at a very early date. It was discour-
aged, as far as possible, and no distinction was recognized in the
administration of the Lord’s Supper but no other definite test
of the renunciation of caste was at first proposed. In 1847,
however, the subject became a matter of discussion throughout
the Madras Presidency. The excitement was general in this
district. There was no difference of opinion among the mis-
sionaries in Madura as to the nature and evils of caste, but thero
was some as to the best method of dealing with it. It was fin-
ally decided that a test should be proposed to all the helpers,
and to the scholars and teachers of the Seminary. On the ap-
plication of the test many of the helpers declined to take it and


64 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
left the service of the Mission, as clid also most of the teachers
and scholars of the Seminary. Many of the scholars returned,
however, when the first excitement passed off. For a time the
tempest, which had passed over the Mission, seemed almost to
have left only a wreck behind it, but the storm had cleared the
atmosphere, and a more healthy state of things was the result.
The position of the Mission was distinctly understood, and though
it may not be said that all feeling of caste has been obliterated
from the minds of Christians, its outward manifestation, in an.
offensive shape is very rare indeed.
From a very early period the Mission has had the privi-
lege of a missionary physician, who, in addition to the care of the
mission families, has had considerable practice among the natives
of the district. A dispensary was early opened in Madura,
and subsequently in Dindigul. For seven years past Dr. Chester
has had the care of both these dispensaries, besides the super-
intendence of several smaller dispensaries at other stations.
The whole number of patients treated at the two principal dis-
pensaries in 1880, was 39,000.
The^earotwo societies supported by the native Christiana
in connection with the Mission. The Native Evangelical Society,
to winch reference has already been made, was established
twenty-five years ago, and uses its funds in aid of native
churches for the support of their pastors, requiring as a condi-
tion of its aid, that the church shall itself pay a certain portion
of the pastor’s salary.
Tho Widows’ Aid Society was organized in September
1861, and has now nearly 160 members, with funds to the amount
of about Rs. 10,500.
It is only necessary to add a brief summary of the state
of the Mission at the end of 1880 :—-
Stations 11 : missionaries 12 : single ladies 5 : churches
33 : native ministers ordained 18: congregations 217, contain-
ing 11,372 men, women and children, of whom 3,138 are able
to read: church members in good standing 2,591: village
schools 160 : scholars 3,772 : contiibutions Rs. 4,868.


65
THE AMERICAN BOARD.
MISSIONARIES OF THE SOCIETY.
Barnes, A. Professed Christianity in Oct. 1810. 0. Nov. 30, 1871.
Ad. Pasumalai, Madras P.
Buckingham, W. A. Professed Christianity July 2, 1854. O.
March 13, 1872. Ad. Pasumalai, Madras P.
Burnell, Thomas Scott. B. at Chesterfield, Mass., U. S. A., Feb.
3,1823. M. Feb. 4, 1847. A. at Madras, Feb. 20, 1849. Was en-
gaged as printer of the Ceylon Mission at Jaffna, from March 6, 1849, to
Dee. 1855. Joined the Madura Mission, and was 0. at Pasumalai, Sept.
10,1856. Labored at Tirumangalam till Aug. 1857, and since then at
Melur. AV. has been chiefly ver.: some editorial work- H. to America
from April 19, 1869, to Dec. 19, 1871. Ad. Melur, Madura, Madras P.
Chandler, John Eddy. B. in Woodstock, Conn , U. S. A , June 12,
1817. E. at Yale Col., and Lane Theol. Seminary, Ohio. O. Sept. 4,
1816. M. before coming to I. Reached Madura in April, 1847. S.
Shevaga, Dindigul, Battalaguudu, Tirumanagalam, and Madura. W. has
been among the heathen, as well as the care of Christian congregations :
for several years he was the treasurer of the Mission. II. to America in
1861, R. early in 1864, second II. in 1873. R. in 1876 and was sta-
tioned at (Ad.) Palani, Madura, Madras P.
Chandler, John Scudder. B. in Madura, South' India, April 12,
1849. Studied for the ministry in New Ilavcn, Conn., U. S A , 1870-73.
O , May 18, 1873, as an evangelist, in the same place. M. May 21,
1873. Was engaged in pastoral work before coming to I. A. at Mad-
ras, Dec 4, 1873. Appointed to the charge of the Battalagundu Station
in Aug. 1874. Engaged in Ver. work. Received the degree of M. A.,
(Yale Col.,) in July, 1873. L. “The Everlasting Way,” and “The
Children’s Gracious Lord” (Tamil lyrical Tracts, compiled); “The Pastor’s
Manual” in Tamil (original but in connection with Rev. G T. Washburn);
essays and a hand-bill; Tamil Christian Almanac for 1881. Tractsand
Almanac obtainable at Madras Religious Tract and Book Depot; “ Manual”
at Madura. Ad. Battalagundu, Madura, Madras P.
Chester, Edward, M. D. E. at Yale Col., and Union Theol. Sem.,
New York, where he graduated in 1858. O. by the Fourth Presbytery
of Now York. Studied medicine at the New York University Medical
Col , from the Faculty of which he received his medical degree. Came
to I. M. : reached Madura in May, 1859. He was stationed first at Tir-
upuvanam, but shortly afterwards removed to Dindigul, where he en-
gaged in usual missionary and medical work. Besides the charge of tlm
dispensaries at Dindigul and Madura, has under his care a large class of
medical students. Ad., Dindigul, Madras P.
Christian. D. O. Feb 2, 1860. Ad. East Karisakulam via
Mandagjasalai, Madura. Madras P.
Clark, Alfred. B. near Dindigul, Sept. 1, 1834. Attended the
Sem. at Pasumalai from 1847-54. Labored as a catechist eighteen years.
O March 10, 1872, over the church at Pukilapatti, where lie has since
labored. Ad. Dindigul, Madura, Madras P.
9


66
INDIAN MISSIONARY DIKEGTOIlY.
Colton, John. B. at Tanjore in 1830. Ttemoved to Madura in
1842. Graduated from the seminary at Pasumalai October 2, 1848, and
for twenty-seven years was engaged as one of the teachers in the same.
0. pastor of the church at Din di gul June 24, 1875. Has been engaged
in compiling a Church History for mission use : has translated several
books for the C. V. E. S. His “Manual of the Madura District” has
passed into the second edition. Has translated or prepared for the use of
theological students a number of brief memoirs of eminent men. Ad.
Dindigul, Madras P.
Cornelius, J. Professed Christianity Dec. 20, 1838. 0. July 14,
1872. Ad. Madura, Madras P.
Devasayagam, M. 0. Jan. 1877. Ad. Pommanpalti, Madura,
Madras P.
Eames, M. Professed Christianity in 1846. 0. Oct. 29,1870. Ad.
West Karisakulam, via Mandapasalai, Madura, Madras P.
Gutterson, George. H. B. in Andover, Essex Co., Mass. U. S. A.
May 12, 1847. E. Andover Theol. Sem.; graduating in June, 1878,
A. March 4, 1879. Ad. Pasumalai, Madura, Madras P.
Herrick, James. B. March 19, 1814. Graduated at Williams Col.
Mass., in 1841, and after teaching for a year entered Andover, where he
completed his studies in Sept. 1845. O. Oct. 8th of the same year, and
M. Nov. 2nd following. Embarked for I. Nov. 12, 1845, and reached
Madras in March, and Madura, in April, of the next year. S. at Tiruman-
galam. Was in charge of the seminary at Pasumalai, from Nov. 1850, to
April, 1854. llesumed charge of the Tirumangalam station which he
retained till Dec. 20, 1863. II to America in 1864, lit. in 1867, and
was again placed in charge of the seminary, remaining there until 1870,
since which time he has been stationed at Tirumangalam. Had the su-
perintendence of the Mandapasalai Station for four years, and of the semi-
nary at Pasumalai for two years, in addition to the labors of his own sta-
tion. Ad. Tirwnangulam, Madras P.
Howland, William Southworth. B. in Jaffna, Ceylon, July 8,
1846. (Parents, missionaries in Jaffna.) Graduated at Amherst Col.
IT. S. A., 1870: at Andover Theol. Sem., 1873. O. May 8, 1873. M.
June 19,1873. A. Jan. 1, 1874. Appointed to charge of Mandapasalai
Station, Jan. 1875. W. itinerating and preaching. Ad. Mandapasalai,
Madura, Madras P.
Isaac, Santhappan. B. in the Madura District in 1840, his parents
embracing Christianity when he was ten years old. Graduated at the
Pasumalai Sem. in 1860. Labored as a catechist until 1872, when ho
took charge of the church at Kambam over which lie was 0. Dec.
11, 1872. Ad. Kambam, Madura, Madras P.
Jones, John P. B. in Donbighshore, Wales, Sept. 4, 1847. Ilomov-
ed to America in 1865. E. at Western Ileserve Col. and at Andover
Theol. Sem., graduating in 1878. A. Dec. 1878. S. Madura until Sept.
1879; since, in charge of (Ad.) Manamadura, Madura, Madras P.
Mathuranaigam, S. Professed Christianity April 15, 1S64. O.
Jan. 25, 1870. Ad. Pasumalai, Madura, Madras P.


THE AMERICAN BOARD.
67
Noyes, Joseph Thomas. B. in Newburyport, Mass., U. S. A.,
March 4, 1818. United with the Presbyterian Church in that city in
1834. Pursued his preparatory studies at Phillips Academy. Entering
Amherst Col. he graduated in 1845, and after studying theology for three
years at Andover, he was ordained by the Newburyport Presbytery. M.
and was appointed to the Ceylon Mission of the American Board, where
he A. March 10, 1849. Was transferred to the Madura Mission in 1853,
and stationed for one year at Tirumangalam, after which he was placed
in charge of the Periakulam Station, where, with the exception of a visit
to America from 1871 to 1873, he has continued to labor until the present
time, his work being in the ver. among the heathen, and in Christian
congregations. Ad Periakulam, Madras P.
Pila venthrum, 1). Professed Christ ianity Oct. 29, 1854. 0. March
10, 1872. Ad. Battalagundu, Madras P.
Kendall, John. B, near Halifax, Nova Scotia, Jan. 21, 1821, but
removed at an early age with his father’s family to Utica, New York.
He remained there until fifteen years of age, when he went to Quincy,
111., and entered the Mission Institute where he pursued his studies for
nine years. M. Aug. 18, 1845 : 0. by a council at West Boylston, Mass.,
in Sept. 1845. He joined the Madura Mission April 29, 1846, and was sta-
tioned at Dindigul, where he continued for about three years, after which
he was appointed secretary and treasurer of the mission, and placed in
charge of the station at Madura. In 1867, he visited America. On the
passage, Mrs. Kendall died suddenly from apoplexy. Mr. Kendall K. to
Madura in 1870, accompanied by one of his daughters. He took charge
of the station at Battalagundu until 1873, when he returned to his former
station and duties at Madura. W. has been partly among the heathen,
and partly the charge of Christian congregations, with the financial busi-
ness of the Mission. Ad. Madura, Madras P.
Kowland, A. G. Professed Christianity Sept. 1, 1842. O. March
1, 1868. Ad. Madura, Madras P.
Savarimuttu, A. 0. in June 1858 : Ad. Kodikanal, Madura,
Madras P.
Seymour, E. 0. in June 1858 : Ad. Kombai, Madura, Madras P.
Thomas, Muttian. B. 1841, at Paliamputti, Madura. M. Oct. 3,
1860. 0. Madura, March 26, 1873. Ad. Sevalpulti, via Muthakalalur,
Madura, Madras P.
Tracy, James Edward. (Son of Kev. W. Tracy.) B. at Pasuma-
lai, I. July 4, 1850. Graduated at Williams Col Mass., U. S. A. in 1874
( M. A. in 1877), and at Union Theol. Sem. in May 1877. M. Aug. 1,
1877. A. Nov. 8. 1877. Appointed in Jan. 1878 to Tirupuvanam left
vacant, three weeks after his arrival, by the death of his father. Ad.
Tirupuvanam, Madura, Madras P.
Vathamuttu, D. Professed Christianity Eeb. 25, 1855. 0. March
10, 1872. Ad. Palani, Madura, Madras P.
Vathanaiagum, G. Professed -Christianity in 1828. 0. Sept. 30,
1863. Ad. Tirumangalam, Madura, Madras P.
Washburn, George Thomas. B. at Lenox, Mass., U. S A.


68
INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
Sept. 5, i832. Graduated at Williams Col. Mass., in 1855. Studied
theology at Andover three years : was licensed to preach in 1858, and
0. in March, 1859. After leaving the seminary, spent a year and-a-half
in preaching and in charge of the Congregational Church in East Guilford,
Vt. Married Sept. 1, 1859. Embarked for I. .Tan. 2, 1860. Reached
Madura May 1st, of the same year, and was stationed at Battalagundu,
where he was engaged in general missionary work among the heathen
and in charge of Christian congregations. In June, 1870, was transferred
to Pasumalai and took charge of the theological school then vacant. In
1872, was obliged, by severe illness, to visit America: returned in 1874.
Has edited and published an edition of the Tamil Lyrics : is the editor
of an Anglo-vernacular Christian mission newspaper, the “ Satthiavarta-
mani” (True News). Ad. Pasumalai, Madras P.
Williams, C. 0. Dec. 8 1858. Ad. Periakulam, Madura, Ma-
dras P,
RETIIIED MISSIONARIES.
James R. Eckard. Originally appointed to the Ceylon Mission.
Removed to Madura in Feb. 1835, where he remained until the middle
of 1837, when he R. to Ceylon: Jn 1843 R. to America where he con-
iinued to labor as a pastor and College Professor.
Alanson C. Hall. Entered the Mission Oct. 18, 1835, but remained
only till Sept. 1836, when he R. to America.
Ferdinand D. W. Ward, D. D. B. in Rochester, N. Y., U. S. A.
E. in Union Col. After pursuing the usual course of Theol. study, he
offered himself to the Board and joined the company which sailed from
Boston Nov. 23, 183G. He reaohed Madras the 21st ot March following,
and after remaining there for several months proceeded to Madura, Oct.
9, 1837. He continued in connection with the Madura Mission until
early in 1843, when he was transferred to Madras where he continued
to labor until 18JG, wh.en he R. to America. While in Madura he pre-
pared with the aid of Mr. Lawrence a work on the “ Parables of Christ,”
which was subsequently published. He also prepared and published in
Madras, some smaller books which are now out of print. Since his re-
turn to America, Dr. Ward has been engaged in teaching and pastoral
labor, and during the war of the Rebellion he served for some time as a
chaplain in the northern army.
Henry Cherry. Studied theology at Lane Seminary, Ohio, U. S. A.
Reached Madras March 21, 1837, but instead of going to Madura sailed
for Ceylon. R. to the continent and was stationed at Shevaganga, and
afterwards at Madura. In 1850 R. to America and became disconnected
with the Board.
Edward Cope. A. Madura May 10, 1837, and was stationed for a
short time at Shevaganga. As the health of both Mr. and Mrs. Cope
was feeble, they took a change to Ceylon in Jan. 1840, where they re-
mained until 1849 when they R. to America.
Edward Webb. B. in Yarmouth, England. At a very early age


THE AMERICAN BOARD.
69
he went as a missionary to Australia. After a short residence there, he
went to America and entered the Andover Sem. where he pursued the
usual course of thcol. study. After his ordination he was married and
sailed for India in company with Messrs. Herrick, Kendall and others,
and reached Madura, April 29, 1846. S. Shevaganga and Dindigul.
While at Dindigul he compiled a volume of Tamil Lyrics, which has
been republished with some additions and is in use by Tamil Christians
throughout Southern India. He also edited the Tamil Depository”
which contained much valuable matter on natural science, ecclesiastical
history, etc. He revisited America for his health, which failed .again
soon after his return ; and he was obliged to leave the mission field and
return to America.
George W. McMillan. Joined the Mission in July, 1846, and re-
mained until Nov. 1854, when he R. to America. S. Dindigul. He
published a small work in Tamil, on ‘‘The Doctrines of Romanism,”
which is now out of print.
George Ford. Was a graduate of Harvard University, U. S. A.,
and studied theology at Andover. Reached Madura in April, 1847, and
was stationed at Periakulam and afterwards at Tirumangalam, where he
remained until 1853, when he R. to America. Labored for some time as
pastor in Falmouth, Mass., and afterwards as missionary among the In-
dians in the western part .of New York.
Charles Little. B. in Colombia, Conn., U. 8. A. Graduated at
Yale College, and also pursued the usual Thcol. course : reached Madura
in May, 1848. In 1854, he visited America, and 11. to the Mission (ho
same year. S. Tirumangalam and then Tirupuvanam where he continu-
ed until sickness compelled his return to his native land in 1859. 11c
has since been engaged in various pastoral and editorial labors.
Charles T. White. Reached Madura, April 4, 1857, and was sta-
tioned at Palani. On account of Mrs. White’s feeble health, lie R. writh
his family to America in 1869 and left the service of the Board.
Hervey C Hazen. Joined the Mission in Jan. 1868. He was sta-
tioned at Palani and entered with zeal upon the study of the language,
but on account of the severe illness of Mrs. Hazen he was reluctantly
compelled to leave I. which he did in the year following his arrival.
Henry K. Palmer, M D. At the outbreak of the recent war in
America joined the army, remained in it till the close of the war, at first
as a private soldier, then as a medical assistant, and afterwards as assist-
ant surgeon. When his health was sufficiently restored after the war, lie
offered his services to the American Board, and was sent out, in 1869, as
physician to the Madura Mission. His health proved unequal to the
stress laid upon it, and after trying various changes in the country, he
left I. in 1874, hoping to recover his strength by a visit to America.
DECEASED MISSION ARIES.
Daniel Poor, D. I). B. in Danvers, Mass.. U. S. A., June 27, 1789.
He was hopefully converted when lie was ten years of age, and soon after


INDIAN MISSIONARYDIRECTORY.
7°
joined the church. From a very early period he was deeply interested
in the cause of missions. After pursuing his preparatory studies in Phil-
ip’s Academy, Andover, ho entered Partmouth Col. lie pursued his
theol. studies in the Sem. at Andover and on the 21st of June, 1815,
was 0. with several others in the Presbyterian Church in Newbury-
port. On the 23rd of October he sailed from Newburyport for Cey-
lon in company with Messrs. Richards, Warren, Bardwell and Meigs,
where they arrived March 22, 1816. He commenced his labor in Tilli-
pally and remained there until July, 1823, when he took charge of the
Mission Seminary at Batticotta, where he continued to labor until his
removal early in 1836, to Madura, to assist in the new mission there.
He became deeply interested in the education of the people, and estab-
lished a large number of schools in the city of Madura, which he visited
daily, always preaching to the crowds which gathered around him on
these occasions. In 18-11, he returned to Jaffna and re-occupied his first
station at Tillipally. I), of cholera at Manippay, February 3, 1855.
Henry R. Hoisington. Became connected with the Ceylon Mission
Oct. 28, 1833. In July of the following year, in connection with the
Rev. William Todd, he commenced the Madura Mission, where he remain-
ed until Feb., 1835, when be returned to Jaffna. On the removal of
Dr. Poor to Madura, he became Principal of the Mission Seminary at
Batticotta which he conducted with much efficiency. He published
several valuable works, one of them on Hindu astronomy. Some trans-
lations of Hindu philosophical works made bv him, were published in the
Journal of the American Oriental Society. His health failing, he R. to
America in 1850, and engaged in pastoral labor in different places. Ho
D. in the work, having been stricken down in the pulpit by an attack of
paralysis from which he did not recover. lie was a graduate of Williams
Col. and of Andover Scm., Mass.
William Todd, Joined the Ceylon Mission at tlio same time with
Mr. Hoisington, and with him commenced the Madura Mission, July 31,
1834. After laboring for some time in the city of Madura, he commenc-
ed a station at Shevaganga. Ilis labors were often interrupted by ill
health and early in 1839, he R. to America, where he labored for many
years as a faithful home missionary. He retained to the last his deep
int erest in the foreign mission work, and died in Madura, Kansas, having
given to the new town where he labored, the name of his much loved
mission field.
John Jay Lawrence. A graduate of Union Col. and Andover Theol.
Sem. He was appointed to the Jaffna Mission and became connected
with the Madura Mission, October 18, 1835.
He was subsequently stationed at Dindigul, where he labored until 1817.
1). at Tranquebar, on his way to America.
RobertO. Dwight. B. in Northampton, Mass,, U. S. A., Oct. 31,
1802. In his early years he was engaged in mercantile business in Boston,
and subseqently in New York. On giving up his business in New York,
he determined to carry out a long cherished plan of studying for the gos-
pel ministry. He studied theology in Andover. He sailed from New



THE AMERICAN BOARD. 71
Castle, Delaware, Nov. 1835, in company with the llev. Dr. "Winslow,
and also several missionaries for Northern India. He arrived in Madura,
April 22, 1836, and was shortly afterwards stationed at Dindigul. O11
Dr. Poor’s return to Jaffna, Mr Dwight removed to Madura, where he
labored diligently until his death (by cholera) Jan. 8, 1844
John Steele, M. 1). B. Aug. 19, 1804, at Hebron, N. Y.. U. S. A.
At the age of 20, he united with the church in his native place. After
studying medicine in Hebron, ho received the degree of M. D., from the
Vermont Academy of Medicine After practicing in Hebron for several
years, his failing health compelled him to relinquish his practice and lie
engaged in business as a druggist in Auburn. In Feb. 1836, his health
having been much improved, he offered himself to the Board as a mis-
sionary physician and sailed from Boston for Madras, Nov. 23, 1836.
Owing to fatigue and exposure on the journey to Madras, he took a severe
cold which finally assumed the form of pulmonary consumption. In com-
pliance with medical advice he went to Jaffna, Ceylon, and from thence to
Singapore, deriving some benefit from the voyage, which however, was
not permanent, lie was able to attend to his duties, to the families of
the Mission, and also to his practice among the natives, but in March,
1842, his health began to fail rapidly until Oct. 6th, when he peacefully
entered into rest.
"William Tracy, D.D. B. in Norwich, Conn., U. S. A., June 2, 1807.
Pursued his studies in Williams Col. Mass., and in the Theol. Sem at
Andover, Mass , and Princeton N. J 0. at Philadelphia, and sailed from
Boston Nov. 23, 1836, A. in Madras March 21, 1837. Remained in
Madras until Sept and reached Madura on the 9th of Oct. of the same
year. Commenced a new station at Tirumangalam in connection with
the llev. Mr. Muzzy. Removed with the Mission Sem to Pasumalai
Sept. 1, 1845, and continued in charge of the Sem. until 1867, with the
exception of three years, spent on a visit to America from which he 11.
in 1854. Revisited America in 1867, and R. in 1870, taking charge of
the station at Tirupuvanam. For twenty-five years was engaged in edu-
cational work as principal of (lie Sem., which was established for the
education of native pastors, catechists and schoolmasters : was engaged
for eight years on the committee for the revision of the Tamil Bible.
Prepared and published a work on Theology (mostly a translation from an
American work) which is still used in the instruction of the Mission help-
ers. Received the honorary degree of D. D. from "Western Univ.,
Pittsburg, Pa. in 1870. D. at Tirupuvanam, Nov 28, 1877.
Clarendon F. Muzzy A graduate of Middlebury Col., Vt., and of
Andover Sem. He joined the Mission in Madura May 10, 1837, and
was stationed at Tirumangalam. Ho was subscqently stationed at Tir-
upuvanam and Madura, and afterwards commenced a new station at Me-
lur. Partly on account of his own health, and partly to provide for his
children, he left the Mission and R. to America in 1857. Afterwards
labored for several years as missionary among the small remnant of
Mohegan Indians near Norwich,- Conn D. at Amherst, U. S. A , Jan.
4, 18/8.


INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
I2
Nathaniel M. Crane Sailed from Boston, Nov 23, 1836: readi-
ed Madura May 18, 1837 He commenced a new mission at Tirupiva-
nara, where he remained several years, when he was transferred to Madura.
11. to America as the only means of saving his life. D. in America after
several years of labor.
Alfred North, Esq. Came to Singapore as a printer, and when that
field was relinquished by the Board, he proceeded to Madura as an assist-
ant missionary, Jan 1, 1814. Remained in the Mission until 1847,
when he returned to America. Afterwards studied Theology at Auburn,
N. Y.. and being O , labored as a home missionary until his death.
Horace 8. Taylor. E. at the Western Reserve Col. Hudson, Ohio.
O. and appointed to the Madura Mission, which he reached Oct. 10, 1844.
Was at first stationed at Tirupuvanam. In 1850, he commenced a new
station at Mandapasalai, where, with the exception of a visit to America,
he continued to labor until his death, which occurred Feb. 3, 1871.
Charles 8. Shelton, M.D. Received his appointment as physician
to the Madura Mission, which he joined March 23, 1849. He was en-
gaged in good practice as a physician, but when the want of a doctor at
Madura was brought to his notice he offered his services to the American
Board. Before leaving for India he was licensed to preach the gospel.
In 1856, owing to continued ill health, he returned to America and resign-
ed the service of the Board. I) in Jersey City, U. S. A , May 21, 1879.
Nathan L Lord, M. D. Obtained his collegiate education at the
Western Reserve Col. Hudson, Ohio, U. S A , of which Inst, he after-
wards became the very successful agent. He joined the Ceylon Mission
in 1853, and removed to Madura in 1863 where he labored until March
1867. when owing to ill health he R to America and soon afterwards D.
David Coit Scudder. B. in Boston, Mass., U. S. A. He graduated
at Williams Col. and at Andover. Reached Madura in July, 1861, and
was stationed at Periakulam. Returning from a visit to one of his vill-
ages, he attempted to swim a stream, swollen by a sudden flood, and
was drowned Nov. 19, 1862. His body was recovered after several days’
search and was buried at Kodikanal on the Palani Mountains.
Thornton B. Penfield. E. at Oberlin Sem and went to the island of
Jamaica as a missionary to the freed blacks. He R. to America on ac-
count of the illness of his wife, who shortly afterwards died. He was
subsequently married and with his wife reached the Madura Mission in
May, 1867. He was stationed, first at Tirupuvanam, and afterwards at
Periakulam. D. at Pasumalai, Aug 19, 1871.
William Banfield Capron. B April 14, 1824, at Uxbridge, Mass.
U. 8. A. 0 Sept. 1856 M. Oct. 1, 1856. A. at Madras, March, 7,
1857. 8. Manamadura, (residing in Madura four years and Tirupuvanam
three years): H. to America May, 1872 to Dec. 1874. D. Oct. 6, 1875.
Marshall R. Peck. A. in Madras Dec. 6, 1875. Left 1. April 27,
1876 : D. at Brookfield, Vt., U. 8. A., Aug. 7, 1876.
-o


CHAPTER, V.
Missionary Societies of the Church of England.
Before proceeding with this chapter it is but proper to
remark that the Church of England, through her chaplains and
other representatives besides regularly constituted missionaries,
has rendered very great assistance o the cause of Protestant
Missions in India. The chaplains of Calcutta at the close of
the last and beginning of the present century “ strove labori-
ously and long to establish a mission, not for Calcutta merely,
but also for the whole of Bengal/'’ Those of Madras and other
stations in South India were equally zealous. Bishop Heber
delighted in calling himself “ the chief missionary in India.”
As the author of “ Protestant Missions in India” very truly and
gratefully re • arks, ,f All the Bishops of Calcutta, without a
single exception, though some more than others, have exhibited
their interest in this work ; and while preferring, as was natural,
their own ecclesiastical organizations, have, in a true spirit of
catholicity, extended the right hand of Christian fellowship
to missionaries of all denominations. They have been missionary
Bishops; and, in their day and generation, have been a
spiritual power in the land. Who is there who does not thank
God for the earnestness of Middleton, the devoutness of Heber,
the practical sense and shrewdness of Wilson, the sweetness and
large-heartedness of Cotton ? Who is there who does not
thank God likewise for the calm wisdom of David Brown, the
high enthusiasm of Buchanan, the fiery zeal of Henry Martyn,
the unwearied energy of 'Thomason, the love and labor of
Cor rie and of Dcaltry, the sagacity and self-sacrifice of Pratt,
who while discharging- faithfully their important duties as
chaplains, devoted themselves assiduously to the evangelisation
of the heathen around them? May successors to such apostolic
men ever bo found in the English Church in India!”
The name of Henry Martyn should not be passed with-
out some further mention. This devoted servant of God
arrived in India in 1806, He at once engaged in studying


74 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIREOTORY.
Persian, Sanskrit, and other languages, and in translating the
New Testament into Hindustani. His first station was Dinapore,
where he opened schools and’continued his translations. Com-
pleting the Hindustani translation in 1807, he began tho Per-
sian, and, in 1809, the Arabic. From Dinapore he proceeded to
Cawnpore, but in 1810 he returned to Calcutta and on account
of failing health was obliged to leave India. This he did in
January, 1811, bound for Shiraz, where ho remodelled and
completed his Persian Testament. He thence proceeded to
Tebriz near the Caspian Sea. Shattered in health be determined
to return to England by way of Constantinople, and commenced
his long journey. He travelled about 600 miles to Tohat, 250
miles from Constantinople. Unable to go further he died there
on the 16th of October, 1812, at the early age of thirty-one.
I. CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
This Society was instituted in London in tho month of
April, 1799. It was originally designed to operate “in Africa
and the East,” but has extended its operations beyond these
bounds. In 1807 the Society made a grant of £150 for
missionary work in India and sent the same to the Rev. Messrs.
Brown and Buchanan and Mr. Udny, of Calcutta where it was
appropriated to the translation of the Scriptures into tho Eastern
languages. Grants were' also made in behalf of the schools
in Tranquebar. A Corresponding Committee of the persons
just named was formed in Calcutta in 1814. From these
beginnings a great work has grown up, whichmay be best
sketched by considering each Presidency separately,
I. Madras Presidency.—In 1814, the Society with the
consent and approval of the College at Copenhagen sent out
two missionaries to Tranquebar, the Rev. Messrs. Schnarre and
Rhenius. Their stay in Tranquebar was short as the Society
had decided to establish a mission of its own in Madras,
whither they proceeded in January, 1815. Schnarre soon after
returned to the languishing mission at Tranquebar: Rbenius
continued to labor at Madras until 1820, when he was trans-
ferred. Other missionaries had arrived in the interval and
tho progress of the mission in Madras has been steady and


CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
75
solid. Mean while the Danish mission in Tinnevelly, having
been virtually abandoned on account of the scarcity of la-
borers, was transferred in 1817 to the Church Society, main-
ly through the efforts of the Rev. Mr. Hough. This energetic
chaplain entered heartily into missionary work; he purchased
land and erected buildings at Palamcottah, a station which
afterwards became the head-quarters of the Society’s Tinuo-
velly missions. Here Rhenius and the Rev. Mr. Schmid bogan
laboring in 1820, with what measure of success may be seen
from the fact that by 1825 there had been an increase of 4,300
converts. Daring the next five years there was a proportionate
increase, the total number of Christians in 1830 being 7,500.
About 1830, the province was divided into ten missionary dis-
tricts and the work was energetically carried forward. In 1835,
the Christian community consisted of 11,000 persons. In the
same year on account of ecclesiastical difficulties Rhenius and
others separated from the Society aud a sad controversy follow-
ed. Rhenius organized a new Society; but died in 1838, and
in 1839-40, the separated congregations re-united with the
Society. By this time the number of Christians had increased
to 17,000.
During the past twenty years, and especially in the past
decade the progress in Tinnevelly has been most encouraging.
In 1878, there were 58 Native clergymen compared with 9 in
1858, and 53,536 Native Christians, compared with 28,151.
There was a large ingathering during the iecent Famine,
1877-78.
On the 11th of March, 1877, the Rev. E. Sargent, a mis-
sionary of long experience, was consecrated as Suffragan Bishop
or coadjutor to the Bishop of Madras.
In the year 1816, the Society sent out the Rev. Messrs.
Bailey, Baker and Fenu, with the object of imparting instruc-
tion to the Christians of the Syrian faith in Travancore. These
missionaries carried out the wishes of the Society and formed
a kind of union between their own and the Syrian Church.
The scheme worked well and these happy relations continued
between the two bodios from 1816 to 1838, when the union
was dissolved by the Syrians. Several new stations were at
once opened by the Church missionaries; at Cottayam, Mave-


INDIA N MISSION A R >' DIRliOTORY.
76
likara; and in 1841, at Trichoor. Gradually other stations
were formed both in Travancore and Cochin, The missions
thus established have been very successful.
In 1873 a notable revival occurred in which thousands of
persons were influenced for good. In the years 1858-78 the
Native Christian community increased from 5,899 to 17,564.
On the 25th of July 1879, the Rev. J. M. Speechly, who
had been many years in charge at C .ttayarn, was consecrated
Bishop of Travancore and Ct chin.
In 1841, mission work was begun at Masulipatam, in the
Kistna district, to the north of the Kistna river. In 1854,
Ellore was occupied, in 1858 Bezwada, and in 1859, Dumma-
gudem. Since 1861, there has been a great increase of con-
verts in this field.
II. Bengal Presidency.—In the year 1815 the Corres-
ponding Committee established a school at Kidderpore in the
suburbs of Calcutta and another at Hum Dum. The first
missionaries sent by the Society to Bengal were the Rev. Messrs.
Greenwood and Schroeter, who reached Calcutta in June, L8 16.
'The former engaged in educational work, and the latter proceeded
to a station bordering on Thibet where he labored four years and
died. Early attention was given to schools in Calcutta, and
especially among girls. In 1819 a printing-press was sent out
from England to the mission, and in 1822 Mr. Browne arrived
as pointer, but died soon after. The press did effectual work,
until 1843, when it was sold. In September, 1823, a Church
Missionary Association was formed which has labored chiefly in
establishing scnools and erecting chapels. In 1824, the “ Ladies”
Society for Native Female Education’’ was established with
the patronage of the Ma chioness of Hastings. In 1825, Abdul
Masih, who had been baptized in 1811, was ordained by Bishop
Heber, as was also the Rev. Mr. Bewley afterwards so zealous
in preaching. The death of Bishop Heber, in 1827, was an
afflictive event to the Calcutta mission. For several years it
had comparatively few laborers, but of late years this has been
bettered. In 1865, the Cathedral Mission College was established.
In 1816, educational work was begun at Burdwan, but the
first missionary did not arrive until 1820. In 1831, the Rev.
J. J. Weitbrecht was appointed to the station where he labored


CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
77
many years. A Christian colony was early founded and schools
established. Orphanages were also formed.
In 1817, the Rev. D. Corrie was appointed chaplain at
Benares, and in the following year secured the transfer to the
Society of the Jay Narain School, which afterwards developed
into a large and flourishing college, called after the name of its
founder, a wealthy Rajah. The first missionary, the Rev. T.
Morris, arrived in 1821. The work has since been steadily
carried forward by the Rev. Messrs. Smith, Leupolt and others.
The mission has at present extensive schools, a normal institution,
two Christian villages and two native churches.
Mr. Coriie, who was stationed at Chunar in 1807, took an
active interest in missionary efforts and presented the Church
Society with premises in that station. Mr. Bowley removed to
the place in 1815, and continued to labor there both before and
after bis ordination. In 1819, Mr. Greenwood arrived from
Calcutta, being the first missionary appointed to the station.
In 1823, work was opened in Goruckpore. This contains at
present an orphanage, a flourishing high-school and a large
Christian village. Calna was occupied in 1825, but was made
over to the Church of Scotland in 1842.
In 1816, the Rev. H. Fisher while chaplain at Meerut
baptized the celebrated Anand Masih who afterwards labored
effectually both at this place and at Delhi. In 1828, the first
missionary, the Rev. Mr. Richards, was appointed here.
In 1831, the Society formed a mission at Krishnagbar : the
first missionary, the Rev. Mr. Deer, arrived the following year.
About 1838, a remarkable movement towards Christianity took
place among the natives, and within the course of a few months
about 3,000 persons embraced Christianity. In the year 1831,
work was also begun at Azimgurh.
o o
As early as 1812, missionary operations were begun at
Agra by Mr. Corrie. He was assisted by Abdul Masih, who con-
tinued in charge of the work after bis departure to England.
In 1839, the Rev. T. Hoernle, tho first missionary, arrived. A
Native Church has been raised up and a well known institution
of learning, St. John's College, established. In 1839, im-
mediately after the great famine in North India, a large Orphan-
age was founded at Secundra near Agra. A printing-press was


78
INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
established in connection with the Orphanage in 1810: and in
18 12 a church was built at Secundra : The following stations were
occupied in the order mentioned: Bhagalpur, 1850; Jubbulporo
1854: Muttra, 1856: Lucknow, 1858: Allahabad, 1859: Fyza-
bad, 1862: Aligarh, 1864.
In the year 1843, the Society commenced a mission station
at Kotgarh in the Himalayas. Schools were established and the
gospel preached. Kangra, north-west of Kotgarh, was occunied
in 1854. Other stations in the Punjab wero taken up about
this time : Amritsar, in 1852 : Peshawar and Mooltan, 1855 : Dera
Ismail Khan, 1861 : Srinagar in Cashmere (where a most inter-
esting medical mission has been carried on by the lamented Dr.
Elmslie, and his successors Drs. Maxwell and Downes), in 1863;
and Lahore in 1867.
In 1862, the Society began its missions among the Santals
being the first to enter this interesting field. It has numerous
stations which have many schools connected with them, and also
a training institution. Taljhari is the headquarters of the
Mission.
III. Bombay Presidency.—The Society commenced its
operations in the city of Bombay in 1818, when a Corresponding
Committee was formed. The first missionary, the Rev. R. Kenney,
was sent out in 1820. He organized schools, and preached in
the city. An educational institution, the Robert Money School,
is located here. Nasik was occupied as a mission station in 1832.
For many years, but slow progress was made, but, after the
establishment of an industrial school, affairs assumed a better shape,
and converts were multiplied. Ju nil was taken upas a field of
labor in 1846; and Mulligaum in 1848. Mission work was begun
at Kurrachee in Scindh in 1850, and at Hyderabad in 1857 ; at
Aurungabad in 1860, and at Buldana in 1868.
Including missionaries at home, the Society has at present
in connection with its missions in India, 210 missionaries. 'The
following statistics for 1880 show the increase since 1871:—
1
40
6,663
4,188
European missionaries,
Native ordained agents,
Native Christians,
Communicants,
103
107
75,677
17,294
increase
do.
do.
do.


79
CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
MISSIONARY BISHOP.
The .Right Rev. Bishop (Edward) Sargent, D.D. Educated at Is-
lington College. Arrived in India in 1842. Labored many years in
Tinnevelly, specially at Palamcottah. Author of “ A Commentary on the
Gospels and Acts,” Tamil translation of Paley’s Evidences, Elements of
Natural Philosophy, Ancient History of Egypt, etc. March 11, 1877,
consecrated, at Calcutta, Suffragan Bishop, Co-adjutor to the Bishop of
Madras.
MISSIONARIES OE THE SOCIETY.
Abel, Frederick. B. at Agra about 1825. 0. in Jan. 1866: S.
Meerut, Goruckpore, Fyzabad. M. I)cc. 4, 1846. Ad. Fyzabad, Uudh.
Abraham, I). 0. 1876. Ad. Madathupatti, Madras P.
Abraham, Vedamuttu. B. Nov. 1842. 0. D. Jan. 3, 1876, 0. P.
Jan. 11, 1880. Ad. Santhapuram, Madras P.
Alexander, Frederick William Nassau. B. at Dublin, Aug. 20,
1832. O. D. 1855, 0. P. 1857. M. in May, 1857. A. in Sept. 1857.
S. Ellorc : W. ver. as pastor and evangelist. One of the delegates for
translating the book of Common Prayer into Telugu. H. to Eng from
Sept. 1869, to March, 1872 ; to Melbourne from July to Nov. 1875. Ad.
Ellore, Madras P.
At.t, Jani. B. Hydrabad, Deccan. 0. 1). May 27, 1877. 0. P.
Dec. 22, 1878. E. at Noble High School, Masulipatam andChristCol. Cam-
bridge (B.A.) Rt. from Eng. Nov. 29. 1877. Ad. Girgaum, Bombay.
Arden, Albert Henry. B. May 5, 1841, at Longcrofts Hall, Staf-
fordshire. M. A. Christ Col. Camb. O. D by Bp. of Lichfield, 1864 ;
0. P. by Bp. of Madras, 1866. A. 1864. S. missionary in Telugu count-
ry, 1864-73 : vicar of All Saints Sudbury, Suffolk, 1873-75 ; incumbent
of Newhall, Derbyshire, 1875-77 : Sec. C. M. S. Madras, since 1878. L.
“ A Progressive Telugu Grammar,” Companion “ Telugu Reader Trub-
ner and Co. Lon., and S. P. C. K. Depot, Madras. Ad. kgmore, Madras,
Arulanantham, D. B, in 1831 : 0. 1876. Ad. Piragasapuram.
Madras P.
Arumanayagam, G. B. 1824: 0. 1876: Ad. Sathianagaram,
Madras P.
Arumana yagam, P. B. 1822 : 0. 1859: Ad. Asinathapuram,
Madras P.
Asirvadham, Adithasan. B. March 15, 1835 in Tinnevelly : 0.
D. Oct. 11, 1874, 0. P. Jan. 31, 1876 : W. Native Pastor : Ad. Pa-
lamcottah, Tinnevelly, Madras P.
Asirvadham, S. Ad. Parapadi, Madras P.
Bailey, Arthur. A. 1877. Ad. Dera Ismail Khan, Punjab.
Baker, William George. A. ,1873. Ad. Bezwara, Madras P.
Ball, A. E. A. 1880. Ad, Kurrachce, Scindh.


INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
Ad. Kurrachee, Scindh,.
'stent, Belgium, March 23, 1844 : 0.
Travan-
Ad. Kangra, Funjab.
0 1876. Ad. Godda, Bengal.
Ad. Calcutta.

Balwant, Shankar. Ad. Nasik, Bombay P.
Bamborr, J. Ad. 1880. Ad. Amritsar, Punjab.
Bambridge, John. A. 1877.
Bapaji, Apaji. Ad. Bombay.
Bateman, Howland. A. 1868.
Baumann, Augustus AVilliam.
Baumann, Charles A. 1868.
Bell, It. J. Ad. Calcutta.
Bishop, John Hunter. B at 0.
in June, 1867 : A. Dec. 1867. M. Dec. 1868. (Ad). Trichu,
core.
Biswas, Matthew Sarthok. B. in 1835 at Gongra, Nadiya. 0. D.
in 1872, 0. P. in 1879 : W. Native Pastor ; Ad. Ratanpur, Nadiya,
Bengal.
Biswas, Molam. Ad liistapur, Bengal.
Blaich, J. A. 1877. Ad. Hiranpur, Bengal.
Blackett, AV. B. B in Eng. 0. D I860, 0. P. 1861 A.
Nov. 1876. S. Principal, Cathedral Divinity Col. C. M. S.—Carried
on C. M. S. Theol. class at Krishnaghar 1878-79, and at Christ Church,
Calcutta, 1880. L. Sunday Magazine Articles ; Pamphlets, &c. Ad.
Calcutta.
Blumhardt, Edward Keene. A. 1871. Ad. Burdwan, Bengal.
Bose, Raj Kisto. Ad. Thakurpukar, Bengal.
Bower, Frederick. A. 1867. Ad. Mavelikara, Travancore.
Briggs, AVilliam. B. Bingley, Yorkshire, Eng. Nov. 16, 1837. A.
Jan. 4, 1858. W. Educational. S. Multan. L. Author of several Urdu
tracts, “ Muliabbat nama “ Ek Tamsil” &c. Ad. Multan, Punjab.
Brown James. B. at Tliorndon, Suffolk, Feb. 2, 1844. Entered
Islington Col. in 1866. A 1868. 0. D. in Dec. 1870 : O.P. in Jan. 1873.
Ad. Taljhari, Bengal.
Cain, John. A. in 1869. S. Dumagudiem, H. to Eng in May, 1880.
Caley, John. A. in 1871. Now in Europe.
Carss, Thomas C. A. 1862. Principal Robert Money School. Ad.
Bombay.
Champion, Elias. A. in 1858. Ad. Jubbulpur, C. P.
Chandy, Jacob. B. Nov. 4, 1852. 0. D. Nov. 21, 1875, 0. P. March
9,1879. AV Native Pastor. Ad. Trichur, Travancore.
Clark, Robert. M A. Trinity Col. Cam. 0. D. 1850, U. P. 1851,
A. 1851. S. Amritsar, 1851, Peshawar, 1854.11. 1857, Peshawar, 1858,
Cashmire, 1864, Amritsar, 1864. H. 1869. Lahore, 1870, Amritsar,
1872, H. 1876. Amritsar, 1876. H. 1879. Amritsar, 1880. Sec. Pun-
jab Bible and Rel. Book Socy., 1871 : Sec. Cor. Com. C. M. S. Punjab
and Sindh, 1878 : Sec. Ch. of Eng. Zenana Missy. Socy. 1880 L. Trans-
lated St John’s Gospel (Pushtu) ; joint editor of Commentaries on St.
Matthew and the Acts, of the Apostles, with the Rev. Imad-ud-Diil (Per-
sian Urdu) : Rel. Book Socy. Lahore. Ad. Amritsar, Punjab.
Clark, William. A. 1848. Ad. Allepie, Travancore.
Clayton, AValter. A. in 1869. S, Masulipatam. Now in Europe.


CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY,
81
B. at Dedham, Essex, in 1848. 0. by the
A. April, 1872. S. St. John's Col.
Has prepared a few school books in
Clifford, Alfred. B. in Eng. Nov. 12, 1819. 0. D. 1872. 0. P.
1874. A. Nov. 1874. S. 1874-78, Calcutta, 1879-80, Krishuaghar, 1880
to present, Calcutta and Agarpara, H. Dec. 1878 to Oct. 1879. Ad.
Cornwallis Square, Calcutta.
Cole, Frederic Thomas. ~
Bishop of Lon. Dec. 21, 1871.
Agra: Santhalistan. M. in 1875.
Santhali. Ad. Taljhari, Bengal.
Cooksley, Manuel Henry.
1878, 0. P. Jan. 11, 1880. W. Native Pastor L. Pour original tracts
in Tamil. Ad. Mengnanapuram, Madras P.
Curean, George. 0. 1856. Ad. Thalawady, Travancore.
Curean, P. Matthew. 0. 1872. Ad. Trichoor, Travancore..
Dauble, Carl Gustav. A. 1857. S. Lucknow. Now in Europe'.
David, Joseph. B. July 18, 1834 in Tinnevelly. 0. D. Jan. 31,
18G9, 0. P. Dec. 24, 1872: W. Native Pastor: L. Translated into
Tamil, “ The Angel’s Message,” and “ Talcs for young Protestants ; ”
lias written several tracts. Ad. Mengnanapuram, Tinnevelly, Madras P.
David, P. B. 1840. 0. 1876. Ad. Dohnavzir, Madras F.
Davis, Brocklesby. B. at Homerton, Hackney, Lon. E at Cam-
bridge : B. A. in 1849: M. A. 1852. 0. D. by the Bishop of Ely in
1850,0. P. 1854. A. in Nov. 1859. S. Benares, 1859-61, Allahabad,
1861-78, since, Benares. W. Ver. preaching; itinerating: college work
at St. Peter’s Col.,Allahabad; from 1861-70, Secretary N. I. T. Society.
H, two-and-half years from 1870. L. (1) Aqaid i Faraiz (translation of
Faith and Duty of Christians), in Urdu : obtainable at the North India
branch of the C. K. S., Banda. (2) Almanac in Hindee : 1868 ; North
India Tract Society. (3) A Sermon preached at the Jubbulpur Annual
Conference: C. M, S. Allahabad. (4) Ileportsof North India Tract So-
ciety, 1861-70. M. Ad. Benares.
Deimler, Johann Gottfried. B. Windstein, Germany, April 2, 1826.
0. D. June 11, 1854, 0. P. May 1, 1856. A. Feb. 9, 1855. Trans-
ferred to East Africa in 1856. lie-appointed to I. in 1858. S. Bombay.
II. from 1857-58, 1868-70, 1878-80: L. Translation of The Heart-
book,” Aina e I)il, (Book Society, Punjab), and ‘‘The Judgment” Insaf
ul Qiyumat, (Tract Society Bombay). Ad. Girgaum, Bombay.
Devaprasadham, D. 0. 1865. Ad. Sirivilliputhur, Madras P.
Devaprasadham, Muttuswami. B. Palamcottah in 1820 : 0. D.
Feb. 1851. 0. P. Dec. 18,1859. W. Native Pastor. Ad. Pannikalam,
Madras P.
Devaprasatham, Muttuswami. B. March 10, 1845 in Tinnevelly :
0. D Sept, 22, 1878 ; Since labored at (Ad.) Ambasamadram, Mad-
ras P.
Downes, Edmund. B. April 11, 1843, at Horton, Northampton-
shire, Eng. Not 0. A. Nov. 1866 as Lieut, in Boyal Artillery. Joined
the Bev. W. Ferguson’s Mission at Chumba, Nov. 15, I860: joined
C M. S. in Jan. 1872. S. Madhopore, Punjab: in Oct. 1872, Pesha-
war. II. to Eng. in Aug. 1863. While at Home studied medicine at
11


82
INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
St. Mary’s Hospital, Lon. (L. R. C. P. Lon. in Oct. 1876, M. I), of
Brussells in Nov. 1876). Rt. Feb. 28, 1877. Has since labored as
Medical missionary in Kashmir, Ad. Kashmir.
Doxey, John Smith. B. Manchester, Lancashire, Nov. 1839. E.
Manchester Grammar School and Dorcester Col. Oxford. 0. Manches-
ter, June, 1865. Curate of Milnrow 1865-70, and Minister, Habeyham-
lawes 1870-75. A. 1875. Ad. Multan, Punjab.
Droese, Ernest. A. in 1842, labored in connection with the Ber-
lin Society at Ghazipur until 1849, when he joined the C. M. S. In 1850
was appointed to Bhagalpur. where he has since labored. Ad. Bhagal-
pur, Bengal.
Durrant, George. B. A. in 1876. Has since labored at (Ad)
Lucknow, Oudh.
Dyson, Samuel. A. 1855. S. Calcutta. Now in Europe.
Eales, Henry William. A. 1878. Ad. Dumagudiem, Madras P,
Elliott, Robert. A. 1878. Ad. Taljhari, Bengal.
Ellwood, John Price. A. 1871, S. Lucknow. Now in Europe,
Erhardt, James. B. at Boennigheim, Wurtemberg, Germany. 0.
1848. Missionary to East Africa from 1849 to 1856. M. 1859. A.
1857. S. Bhagulpur, 1857-60: Benares, 1861-64 : Lucknow, 1864-67 :
H. 1868-69. At Secundra (Agra) since 1870. W. has been both Engl,
and ver. L (1), A Vocabulary of the Masai Language, (Central Af-
rica) : (2), Urdu Bongs and Ilymns ; translations from Engl, and Ger-
man. Ad. Secundra Orphanage, Agra.
Fisher, A. T. A. 1878. Ad. Amritsar, Punjab.
Ghose, Bhola Nath. Ad. Narrow al, Punjab.
Gmelin, Friedrich. B. Dec. 23, 1837, at Heidelberg, Germany.
Called to mission work, July, 1859. A. Feb. 13, 1860. M. Jan. 2, 1864.
O. March 5, 1871. S. 1860, Tutor in the C. M. S. Training Inst. Santi-
porc : 1862, Inspector of Mission schools, Ruttanpur : 1863, Supt. Am-
herst St. Engl. School, Calcutta : 1864. Principal of C. M. S. Training
Inst, and Inspector of schools. Krishnaghar. L. Original works : (1)
“ lhe First Instructor in Arithmetic, A Manual for Teachers." Parts
I and II. (2) “ Introduction, to Bengali Composition ” Calcutta School
Book Society’s Depot. Partly translated and partly original : “ Manual
of Education for the use of Vernacular Teachers." Calcutta, School Book
Society’s Depot. Compilation : First steps to the Church Catechism ;
and the Church Catechism with Scripture Proofs.'1—out of print. All
these works are in Bengali. II. 1868-71 and in 1880.
Gnanamuttu, A. O. 1869. Ad. Nalumavadi, Madras P.
Gnanamuttu, Devasagayam. B in Tinnevelly, 1818 : O. April 4,
1847 : S. Black Town, Madras, 1847-55, Chindatripet, 1856, Dohna-
vur, 1857, since, Nelloor District, Tinnevelly. L. Translated into Tamil
“ Under the Microscope,” and Thornton’s Commentary,” and wrote
in Tamil—“ God's Portion Ad. Koviluttu, Palamcottah, Madras P.
Gnanamuttu, Samuel. B. in Tinnevelly, 1822: O. D. Jan. 8,
1866, O.P. Jan. 31, 1869. W. Native Pastor. Ad. Anukragapuram,
Madras P.


Church missionary society. Sj
Gnanamutiu, V. 0. 1876 : Ad. Nedungulam, Madras P.
Gnanapragasam, M. 0. 1869 : Ad. Tureiyur, Do.
Gnanayutham, P. 0. 1879 : Ad. Suveshipuram, Do.
Gnanayutham, V. 0. 1876 : Ad. Perpidankulam, Do.
Goldsmith, II. D; A. 1880. Ad Madras.
Goldsmith, Malcolm George. B. at Woolwich, Koiit, Jan. 5, 1849.
0. by the Bishop of Lon in May, 1872. A. Nov. 5, 1872. Appointed to
Mohammedan work in Madras : transferred to Calcutta in Nov. 1873 :
R. to Madras in March; 1875. AV. chiefly ver. with occasional Engl,
service. Ad Royapeltah^ Madras.
Gurubadham, Isaac. B. in 1813. 0. in 1878. W. Native Pastor;
Ad. Palanicottah. Madras P.
IIackett, Henry Monk Mason. A. 1877. Ad. Madras.
Hansda, Bhim. 0. 1878. Ad. Taijliari, Bengal.
Harcourt, Vincent Ward. A. 1867. Ad. Palamcottah, Mad-
ras P.
Harrington;, Charles Sumner A. 1879. Ad. Palctitta.
Harrison, John. A. 1876. Now in Europe.
Hastings, Thomas. O. 1878, Ad Parvathiapuram, Madras P.
Hodges, Edward Noel. B. in 1849, 0. D. in 1873, 0. P. in 1874.
A Nov. J 877. In 1878 appointed Principal of Noble College. Ad. Masu-
lipatam, Madras P.
Hodgson, Thomas Robinson. B. in Eng 1850. 0. 1). St. Paul’s Ca-
thedral. Lon. 1875. 0. P. St. Paul's Cathedral,- Calcutta. 1877. A. 1875,
S. St. John's College, Agra, 1875, Cathedral Mission College, Calcutta
1877, St. Saviour’s Church, Calcutta, 1878. Jabalpur. 1878 to present.
Ad. Jiibbulpur, C. P.
IIcernle, Christian Theophilus. A. 1838. Ad. Annfield. N. W.P.
HffiRNLE, J. G. Hermann. A. 1872. Ad Meerut, A". 7L. p.
Hooper, Wjlt,Iam. B. Sept. 27, 1847 at East Harptree, Somerset,
Eng. E. at Oxford : B. A. in 1859 ; M. A. in 1861. 0. I), by the
Bishop of Lon. in May. 1861. A. in Oct. 1861, and was appointed to
Benares. In Nov. 1862 0. P. by the Bishop of Calcutta. M. in Dec.
of the same year. Labored at Benares five years, chiefly in connection
with the Jay Narain Col. Was transferred to the Cathedral .Mission Col ,
Calcutta at the close of 1866. IL. to Eng. at the close of 1868. While
iu Eng. engaged in pastoral work. In 1872 Jit . and 'was re-appointed
to Benares. Labored thereuntil March, 1874, when he succeeded Mr.
French in charge of the Divinity Col., Lahore. In 1879 was transferred
to Benares, to open the Divinity School. Ad lienares.
Hopper, Ralph. B in Tinnevellv. Aug. 10. 1838. 0, D. Jan. <31,
1869. 0. P. Jan. 30, 1873. W. Native Pastor. Ad. .Inukragapuram,
Tmnevelly, Madras P.
Horsley, Hugh. B. at Courtallum, Tinncvelly, Aug. II, 1849.
0. D. 1873. A. Dec. 4, 1873. S. Sachiapuram. Now in Europe.
Hughes, Thomas Patrick. 0. D. by Bp. of Lon. 1864, 0. P. by Bp. of
Calcutta, 1867. Deg. B. D :M.R. A S. S. Peshawar, 1864. K. 6 months
in 1875, anl one year in 1878. Author Wozfes on Muhammadanism



84 INDIAN MISSIONARY DIDECTODT.
1st Ed. 1875, 2nd Ed. 1877. (AV. II. Allen Lon.) Halid i Afghani. or
Government Text Book for Pashto Examinations. (Lahore Press.) Homan
Urdu Quran, joint Editor with Rev. E. Al. Wherry, AL A., (Lodiana )
Pashto Tracts. (Peshawar ) Ad. Peshawar, Afghanistan.
Iesley, Joseph. B. Sept. 19. 1855, at Liverpool. 0. 1). by Bp of
Lon. June 10, 1879. A. Alarch, 1880. Ad. Sivagasi, North Tinnevelly,
Madras P.
Imam ud Din. Ad, Amritsar, Punjab.
Isaac, Abraham. O. 1859. Ad. Panneivilei, Madras P.
Itty, Cherian. 0. lbG8. Ad. Malapally, Travancore.
Jaco, Kollatta. Born at Kollatt, Aug 5, 1830 : E. in the Cotta-
yam Col. O. D. Alarch 1, 1863, 0. P. Dec. 1868 : S. Pallam, Alelu-
kava, Erumapara, and (Ad.) Er ecarte. Travancore.
Jacob, A. J. B. at Cottayam, May 16, 1812. 0. Dec. 24, 1871-
S. Arpukara, Olesa and (Ad.) Alleppy, Travancore.
James, Antony. B. in Dec. 1826. E. at Palamcottah and Aladras â– 
0. D. in Jan, 1866. S, Ootacamund 1869-73, Since Ukirankotei. Ad.
Ukirankotei, Madras P.
Jeremy, David. Ad , Ikla, Meerut N. 1U. P.
John, E. AL 0. 1879. Ad. Cottayam, Travancore.
John, Jesudasen. B. Tranqucbar, Dec. 15. 1819: 0. April 4,
1847. S. Palamcottah, 1847, Tavow, 1849, Suviseshapuiam, 1850, Doh-
navur, 1853, Radatchapuram, 1855, Suvtankulan, 1857, Piragasapuram,
1859, Nalumavadee, 1860, Kadatchapuram 1861, Tinnevelly, 1869, Pa-
lamcottah, 1874 to present: Palamcottah, Madras P.
Johnson, J. J.- A. 1879. Ad. Benares.
Joseph, Pothen. 0. 1872. Ad. Kannit, Travancore.
Jukes, Andrew. B. in Canada AVest, Alay, 1847. Aledical degrees^
Ar. IL K. S. 1869, L. S. A. 1869, L. R. C. P. 1872. Aledical Work in
London, 1869-78. A. Dec. 1878. Aledical missionary to Bilooches. O.
Ad. Dera Ghazi .Khan, Punjab.
Jukes, AVorthington. B. in Canada, Jan. 1849. M. A. Trinity
Col. Camb. 0. by Bp. of Lon. in 1872. A. Nov. 1872. S. Amritsar till
Oct. 1873, since, Peshawar. L. engaged in the translation of the Pen-
tateuch info Pushtu. Ad. Peshawar, Afghanistan.
Keene, AVieliam. B. Alinety, Gloucestershire, Eng. July 6, 1828,
E. Brasenore Col. Ox. (Al. A.) 0. D 1852 O. P. 1854. A. Alarch 10,
1854. S. Simla and Kotgur 1854, Amritsar, i860, II. to Europe Alarch,
1865, Amritsar. Eeb. 1868, II. to Europe, Dec. 1872, Amritsar Jan.
1877. L. Translated “ Selections from the Book of Common Prayer” in
Panjabi and “ Essay on the Sikhs” read at Alissionary Conference, La-
hore, 1862-63. Ad. Amritsar, Punjab.
Kember, Thomas. A. 1865. Ad. Palamcottah, Madras P.
Koratha, Kunengheri. 0. 1868.- Ad. Kcdawalaniya, Travancore,
Koshi, Koshi. 0. 1856, Ad. Pallam, Travancore.
Krishnayya, GanugapatI. B Ellore, Sept. 15,1838: 0. D. Dec.
24,1871,0 P. Feb. 1, 1874: AV. Native Pastor. Ad. Ellore, Madras P.
Kurbuwllla, Kurruwella. 0. i860, Ad. Cochin, Travancore,


CIIURCU MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
85
Lal, Katwari. Ad. Agra.
Lash, A. II. A. 1867 8. Palamcottah. Now in Europe.
Levi, Aman Masih. B. Benares, Nov. 18, 1850: (3. I). Feb. 1,
1878. W. Native Pastor. Ad. Sigra, Benares.
Lewts, Arthur B Clifton, Bristol. June 18, 1854 E. Queen’s
Col. Oxford. 0. 13 Llandaff, Sept. 28, 1877. 0. P Canterbury, Sept. 22,
1878. A. Dec 1878. Ad. Dera Ghazi Khan, Punjab,
Lloyd, John Abbott. A. 1876. Ad. St. John’s Col. Agra.
Long, James. A. 1840. S. Calcutta. Now in Europe.
Macartney, Frederick Graham. B. Jan. 30, 1850, at Portsmouth,
Eng. O. 1). May 31, 1874. O. P. Jan. 1, 1878 A. Dec. 1874. S. Nasik,
1875, since, Malegaon. Ad. Malegaon. Nasik, Bombay P.
Macdonald, Beginald Chambers. A. 1859. S. Madras. Europe.
Maddox, BalRii Henry. A. 1863. Ad. Trichur, 7ravancore.
Maloba, Lucas, Ad. Nasik, Bombay P.
Mamen, Omen. 0. 1856. Ad Changanacherry. Travancore.
Manwaring, Alfred. B. Broadwater, Eng. 1855. 0. June 8.
1879. A. Dec. 1, 1879. Ad. Nasik, Bombay P.
Masih, Sadiq. B. about 1850. 0. Nov. 2, 1875. Ad. Bat ala,
Amritsar, Punjab.
Masillamani, S. 0. 1874. Ad. Sinnawtalpuram, Madras p.
Masillamani, S. 0. 1876. Ad. paliputtu, Do.
Mayer, Thos. Jno. Lee. B at Newcastle Stalls, Oct 17, 1844,
Called to the ministry in 1866, at Queensland: O.D. 1872 by the Bishop
of Canterbury, at Lambeth; 0. P. in 1874, by the Bishop of Calcutta, at
Allahabad. Was engaged in ministerial labor at Aidershot Hauls,
before coming to I. A. Feb. 1873.8 Amritsar, and Bunnoo. W. Eng
and Ver. (Pushto). M September 13, 1875. Ad. Bunnoo, Dertijut.
Meadows, Hobert Bust. B. Feb 10, 1829, near Ipswich,
Suffolk. O by the Bishop of Lon, June, 1852. A. 1852. After study-
ing Tamil in Madras for more than a year began the work of itinerat-
ing in April, 1854; Continued in this until Sept, H. 1858, to Eng. Jan.
1859 : 11. to Madras M. Sept. 1860 ; took charge of the Sivagasi district.
II. in Aug. 1870, and reached Madras again in May 1873, resuming the
work at Sivagasi. L. (1). A small Greek Grammar in Tamil, procurable
at C. M. S. Office, Madras. (2) “History of Sandhai, or the
Model Catechist’s Wife.” (Tamil) C. V. E. S. Depot, Madras. (3).
“Advice to educated Wotnen” (by Bev. D. Fenn, and Bev. B. B.
Meadows), Tamil Beligious Tract Society, Madras. II. To Eng, in
Feb. 1877. Now in Europe.
Moilun, David. B at Chunar, 1811. 0. 1859. M, 1842. Has
labored in preaching and in teaching ; at present pastor of Native Church.
Allahabad. Translated two sermons on Infant Baptism ; also several
stories from “Agathos'’ and '■‘■Spring Morning”; (published in Urdu, and
Boman Urdu and obtainable of the translator). Ad. Allahabad.
Mountfort, Charles. B. Daventrv, Feb. 9, 1855. 0. D. June.
8, 1879, 0. I’. Sept. 19, 1880. A. Nov. 17, 1880. Ad. Nasik, Bombay P.
Nallathambi, John. 0. 1859, Ad. Achampatti, Madras P,


86
INDIAN MISSIONARY DIRECTORY.
Nallatiiambi, Swamidasen. 0. 1874. Ad. Maruthakulam<
Madras
Neeve, Clement Alfred. 0. in 1879, A in 1879. S. Cottayam :
AV. Principal, C. M. S. Col. Ad. Cottayam., Travancore.
NoavRojee, Buttonjee. B. Oct, 18,- 1838, at Ahmednagar, Baptized
at Sharanpur, near Nasik, June 26. 1856. M. Oct 22, 1861. 0. I) I*y
Bishop Douglas, June 12, 1870, 0. P, April 1, 1872. Labored as lay
pastor at Sharanpur for twelve years: as missionary catechist at
Yeola, two years. In charge of the Aurungabad mission since June,
1870. W. chiefly Ver. L. A Translation into Marathi of Bishop Wilsons’a
“Paraphrase of the Lord’s Prayer.” Obtainable at the Depository S.P.
C. K., Bombay. Ad. Aurangabad, Deccan.
Nugent, Charles P. C. A. 1877. Now in Europe.
Padfield, Joseph Edwin. B. at Bath, Oct. 25, 1843. 0. D by the
Bp. of Lon., June 7, 1868. A in Dec. 1868. M. Jan. 22, 1870. 0. P.
by the Bp. of Madras, Feb. 5, 1870. S. From Feb. 187S to the fol-
lowing Oct. in educational work at Ellore: from Oct. 1870 to March,
1872 in charge of the Ellore district: from this time to Oct. 1874,
Head Master C. M. S. Anglo-vernacular School at Ellore : from this to
the present Principal of the C. M. S. Training Inst, at Masulipatam,
AV. has been both Engl, and Ver. .Ad. Masulipatam, Madras P.
Painter. Arthur Frederick. 0. D. Sept. 1877, 0. P. Jan. 1880.
A. Nov 1877. S. Kunnankulam, 1877 to Sept. 1880 Now in Europe.
Pakianadham John. 0 1878. Ad. Tiruvarangapatti, Madras P.
Pakianadham, James Harris. B. Pragasapuram, Aug. 7, 1842.
0. D Sept. 22, 1878. 0. P, March, 1881. AV. Native Pastor: Ad, Ku-
papuram, Madras P.
Paramanandham. S. 0. 1878 r Ad Satankulam, Madras P.
Parinbam, D. O. 1869. Ad. Ananthapuram, I)o.
Parsons. George Henry. B. in Ceylon. Dec. 31, 1854. 0. D. June
8, 1879. A Dec. 10, 1879. Ad. Krishnaghar, Bengal.
Parker, Henry Perrott. A; 1878. Ad. Calcutta.
Paul. Samuel. B. in Tinnevclly, in 1844. 0. Oct. 1874, S. Pas-
tor Tamil Local Mission, Ootacamund. L. ( in Tamil) “History of the
Church of England,” “ History of the Book of Common Prayer,” “ Geo-
graphy of Madras Zillah,” “ Geography of Ncilgherries,” etc, etc; a num-
ber of original tracts, pamphlets and hand-bills, and a number of trans-
lations for Madras Tract Society and for the C. V. E. S. Ad. Ootaca-
mund, Madras P.
Periyanayagam, Madhuranayagam. B. Tuticorin, June 17, 1825.
0. D. Dec. 18, 1859, 0. P. Dec. 21, 18G2 i Labored since at (Ad.) Alva-
ncri.
Poole, Arthur William: A. 1877. Now in Europe.
Bam Ciiarn. Ad. Gadda, Bengal.
Bam, Madho. Ad. Jubbulpur, C. r>.
Basentiiiram, Abraham. O. 1869. Ad. Kongarayakurichi, Mad-
ras P.
Kasentiiiram, David. 0. 1869. Ad, Manariantatu, Madras P,


CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
87
Ratnam. Mamchala. 0. 1864, Ad. Bezwara, Madras P.
Razu, I. Vencatarama. 0. 1872. Ad. Dummagudem, Do.
Rebsch, AVilliam. A. 1853. Ad. Kotgarh, Punjab.
Redman, Joseph. B. Overtown, Swindon, Eng. April 4, 1855. E.C.
M. Col. Islington. 0. June 8, 1879. Curate of Christ Church, Welling-
ton, 1879. A. Dec. 5, 1880, Ad. Hyderabad, Sindh.
Richards, J. Ad. Debra Doon, N.-W. P.
Richards, William Joseph. A. 1871. Cottayam, Travancore.
Roberts, Wilson Aylesbury. B. Feb 12, 184G, at Ledbury. Here-
fordshire, Eng. Entered Islington. Jan. 18G6. 0. I) May 23, 1869, by
the Bishop of Lon. 0. P. April 25, 1871, by the Bishop of Bombay. A.
Nov. 21, 1869. S. Kurrachee, 1869 : Bcrhampoor, 1871 : Malligaum,
1872. W. both Engl, and ver. Ad. Nasik, Bombay P.
Rudra, Piyare Mohun. Ad. Calcutta.
Samuel, Abraham. 0. 1870. Ad. Paneidipatti, Madras P.
Samuel, Isaac. 0. 1869. Ad. Edeiyangulam, Do.
Samuel, Perpettan. 0 1874. A. 1874. Ad. Suviseshapuram, Do.
Samuel, Samuel. 0 1878. Ad bailor, Do.
Santiiosham, S. 0. 1876. Ad. Manarka'du, Do.
Sarkunan. Gnanamuttu. 0. 1873. Ad. Kylasupuram, D.
Satthianadhan, William Thomas, B. in Madura Oct, 12. 1830, of
heathen parents. Was converted in July 1847, as the result of educa-
tion receivedin tho mission school at Palamcottah ; was baptized the same
year M. Feb. 16, 1849. After pursuing Theol. studies for a time spent
five years as a teacher in the Preparandi Institution Afterwards studied
in Madras two years. 0. D. Dec. 18, 1859 ; 0. D. in Dec. 1862, and
in March, 1863, was transferred to Madras, where he has since labored
in connection with the Southern Pastorate. W. chiefly Tamil being part-
ly pastoral and partly educational and evangelistic. L (1 ) A Church
History in English (out of print ) (2 ) A large Church History in Tamil,
procurable at the Depository of the C. K. Society, Madras. (3.) A Com-
mentary on the N. T. in Tamil, on the basis of the Tract Society’s An-
notated Paragraph N. T., Religious Tract Society's Depot, Madras. He
also edited two monthly Magazines, “ The Mission School Magazine,” in
Tamil for children, for the C. V. E. S. and the “ Desabhimani,” an Ang-
lo-vernacular periodical. Ad. Phintadrepettah,Madras.
Savariroyam. Madurendhiram. 0. 1851. Ad. Nallammalapuram,
Madras P.
Schaffter, Henry. J. A. 1877. Ad. Palamcottah, Madras P.
Seal, Modhu Sudan. B. of Hindu parents in Calcutta, about 1815.
E. partly at tho General Assembly’s Inst, at Calcutta and partly at Bi-
shop’s Col. Howrah. Baptized at Cawnpore in 1836. 0. by Bishop
Harding in Bombay, 1855. Transferred to Calcutta and appointed to
Kidderpore, 1860 : sent to the Krishnaghar district in charge of the con-
gregations at Ratanpur and Joginda in 1862. Re-appointed to Kidder-
pore in 1865. L. “ English and Hindustani Manual" : Baptist Mission
Press, Calcutta. Ad. Kidderpore, Bengal.


88
INDIA N MISSIONARY DIRECTORK
SebagnanAm, I. All. P alamcottah. Madi as P,
Sell, Edward. 0. D. 1864, 0. P. 1867 A. 1865. S. Madras. AV.
Head Master, Harris School. L. “ The Faith of Islam” (Engl), Addison
and Co. Madras; Persian and Urdu Grammar: Persian Idioms with
Hindustani translation ; and various vernacular School Books. H. from
March 1876 to Dec. 1877. Ad. Madras.
Siiaii, Imam. B. about 1840 in the Amritsar district. Baptized
in 1862 (parents Mohammedans), and appointed to Peshawar as catechist.
O. D. Dec. 15, 1872. 0. P. Nov. 28, 1875. Pastor of Native church
at (Ad.) Peshawar, Punjab.
Sham, Besra. Ad. Bahawa, Bengal.
Sharp, John. A. 1861. Ad. Massulipatam, Madras P,
Sheldon, James. A. 1854. Ad. Kurrachee, Scindh.
Sjiirreff, Francis Archibald Pattullo. B. at Chinsurah, Feb.
7,1848. 0. D. 1872,0 P. 1873. A. Doc. 1873. tutor in St. John’s Divinity
School, Lahore from 1874-78, since Feb. 1879, Principal of said Inst. L.
Translation of Abridgement of the Pastoral Bule of Gregory the Great
(Urdu): Punjab Bel. Book Socy. Ad. Lahore, Punjab.
Shirt, George. B. in 1843 at Cawthorne, Yorkshire. E. Isling-
ton and Cambridge Col. 0. 1866. A. Dec. 1866. S. Hydrabad 186G-
73, Kurrachee. 1875-77, Hydrabad 1877 to present. II. from 1873-75.
L. Some original tracts in Sindlii and translated some portions of the
Binle and joint Compiler of Sindhi-Engl. Dictionary. Ad. Hydrabad,
Sindh.
Smo, William. Ad. Bahawa, Bengal.
Simeon, John. 0. 1869. Ad. Tharmanagaram, Madras P.
Simeon, Vedayagam, 0. 1866. Ad. Madras.
Singh Daud. Ad. Charkabad, Amritsar, Punjab.
Solomon, David. Ad. Lucknow, Oudh.
Squires, Henry Charles. A. 1870. Ad. Bombay.
Squires, Robert Alfred. A. 1870. Ad. Nasik, Bombay.
Simeon, Luke. B in 1816. 0. D. Sept. 25, 1870, 0. P. Jan. 30, 1876.
W. Native Pastor. Ad. Puliangudi, Madras P.
Stark, Alfred. B. in Calcutta July 11, 1834. M. in 1857.
O. in 1870. S. Doveton Col. Calcutta, March, 1856 to Dec. 1866; As-
sistant Secretary, C. M S. Calcutta, Feb. 1867 to June, 1869 ; from July,
1869 to Feb. 1872. Taljhari; from March, 1872 to Jan. 1879, Godda.
W. is entirely Ver. Ad. l'aljhari, Bengal.
Stephen, David. B. Tinnevelly, 1834. 0. D. Jan. 31, 1869. 0. P.
Dec. 24, 1871. AV. Native Pastor. Ad. Kadatchapuram, Madras P.
Stern, Henry. B. at Karlsruke, Germany. 0. D. by the Bishop of
Lon. in 1850. 0. P. by the Bishop of Calcutta in 1853. A. 1851; S.
Benares 1851-53, since, Gorakhpur. L. Translated “AeZ/y/ows Anecdotes,”
(Urdu); Benares Medical Hall Press: “ History of the Kings of Judah
and Israel” (Urdu) ; N. I. Tract Society’ Depot, Allahabad. “ Cat-
echism of the Christian Beligion,” (Roman Urdu), to be had from the
author. “ Manual for the lloly Communion,'" (Roman-Urdu). Out of
print. II. 1860 and 1878. Ad. Gorakhpur, N-IV. P.