Broadcast English

Material Information

Broadcast English
British Broadcasting Corporation
Lloyd James, Arthur, 1884-1943
Place of Publication:
The British Broadcasting Corporation
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
5v. : ; 22 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
English language -- Pronunciation ( lcsh )
Names, Geographical -- Pronunciation ( lcsh )
non-fiction ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Europe -- United Kingdom -- England -- Greater London -- London
51.518318 x -0.143506 ( Broadcasting House )


Content Advice:
Contents: I. Recommendations to announcers regarding certain words of doubtful pronunciation. - II. Recommendations to announcers regarding the pronunciation of some English place names. - III.Recommendations to announcers regarding the pronunciation of some Scottish place names. - IV. Recommendations to announcers regarding the pronunciation of some Welsh place-names. - V. Recommendations to announcers regarding the pronunciation of some Northern-Irish place-names ( English )
General Note:
VIAF (name authority) : Lloyd, James Arthur, 1884-1943 : URI
General Note:
VIAF (name authority) : British Broadcasting Corporation : URI
General Note:
Digitised as part of project to preserve the imprints of SOAS University of London and its academic staff
Statement of Responsibility:
With an introduction by A. Lloyd James.

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS University of London
Rights Management:
This title is believed to be in the public domain under the United Kingdom's Copyright Act, 1911 which was in force at the time of publication.
Resource Identifier:
485651 ( aleph )
OCM02234239 ( oclc )
A425.55 /21143 I ( soas classmark )


This item has the following downloads:

Full Text
Collected and Transcribed for the B.B.C. Advisory
Committee on Spoken English

Collected and Transcribed for the B.B.G. Advisory
Committee on Spoken English by
Savoy Hill, London, W.C.2

' I ’HE second of the booklets produced under the auspices of the
Advisory Committee on Spoken English deals with the per-
plexing question of the English place name, and it is to be hoped
that the information here published will be of interest not only to
the English-speaking world, but to the ever-increasing body of
foreigners who make English their second language.
Apart from the linguistic interest of the subject, the B.B.C. is
very seriously concerned in this matter, as is pointed out by Mr.
Lloyd James in his introduction; it is at least desirable that these
names, when they have to be broadcast, should be pronounced in
such a way as to be immediately recognised by inhabitants of the
places mentioned.
Since the appearance of the first booklet, the Advisory Com-
mittee has suffered through the death of its original Chairman,
Mr. Robert Bridges, who gave his colleagues the benefit of his
unrivalled knowledge, and to whose enthusiasm and guidance the
Advisory Committee will always be indebted. The new Chairman
is Mr. Bernard Shaw, and the B.B.C. is grateful to him and to his
colleagues, Mr. Logan Pearsall Smith, Professor Daniel Jones,
Professor Lascelles Abercrombie, Dr. C. T. Onions, Sir Johnston
Forbes-Robertson and Mr. A. Lloyd James for their labours on
behalf of the English language, and for their sound and practical
J. C. W. Reith,

'HIS list of place-name pronunciations has been compiled for a
-L very special purpose, and it is advisable that those who find the
booklet of interest should not misunderstand this purpose. There is,
as far as we are aware, no book in which the pronunciation of all the
English place names is set out, despite the fact that such a book
ought most certainly to be in existence. The very valuable survey of
English place names carried on under the direction of Professor
Mawer, Provost of University College, London, will be many years
in the making: the volumes that have already appeared are philo-
logical studies of the highest importance, and this little handbook
must not be set alongside these valuable works of reference.
The B.B.C. is faced almost every day with the task of pronouncing
place names, and it is essential, as for instance in S.O.S. messages, in
Board of Agriculture orders concerning the movement of cattle, and
even in sports news, that the names shall be pronounced in a way
that is clearly recognised by inhabitants of the places named. Even
when intelligibility is not at stake, there remains the laudable desire
to pronounce the name in the “right” way. Every man believes that
the name of the place in which he lives should be as well known to
the world as it is to him, and he regards a wrong pronunciation of it
as a slur upon his justifiable local pride. Every mispronunciation of a
place name that the Announcers have made has brought forth letters
of criticism from natives, and in some cases has resulted in angry
letters to the Press. Yet it is quite safe to say that there is no man who
can pronounce “correctly” all the place names in the United King-
dom: indeed, as a test of general knowledge, this little handbook
might rank with the interesting general knowledge question-books
that flourished a few years ago. How do you pronounce Ulgham,
Ogwell, Cahir, Burntisland, Milngavie and Ynysybwl? Is that a fair
question to put to anybody? It is a question that may be put to the
Announcer at any moment, and often so hurriedly that he is unable
to ring up anybody to help him out. No dictionary contains all these
place names, though many of them are to be found in the excellent
Pronouncing Dictionary of Professor Daniel Jones. There remains
nothing for the B.B.G. to do but to make its own book of reference,
and this booklet is its first contribution, containing the pronunciation
of some 1500 English names, a few Manx names, and one or two
Welsh names from border counties.
Possibly the most interesting feature of this work lies in the fact
that all the information it contains has been supplied by listeners;

thousands of letters and post-cards have gone to the making of this
little dictionary, which is, like its giant counterpart the Oxford Dic-
tionary, the result of co-operative effort. Listeners familiar with
place names that were frequently mispronounced, or with names so
spelt that their pronunciation was not obvious, were asked to send
them in, and to record as best they could the “right” pronunciation.
The response was far greater than was expected and a very large
quantity of valuable material has been gathered in, of which this is
the first sifting. The information received was in almost every case
tested, a personal letter being sent to the vicar of the parish and to
the postmaster when such a course was possible. When all that could
be done to ensure accuracy had been done, the final result was
passed for publication and appears in this booklet.
It is not, however, to be expected that the work will be free from
error, or that all its pronunciations will pass unquestioned: too much
must not be expected of a work of this kind. Above all it is not
claimed for this booklet that it is a comprehensive collection of all
the known variants of the names recorded. It is merely a record of
one or two authenticated versions that the Announcer may safely use.
There is often a very healthy disagreement among natives of a
place as to the “correct” pronunciation of their place name. Is
Polegate in Sussex to have the accent on the first syllable, or the
second, or on both? This is a very fertile source of possible error, for
when two or more variants are given, we are likely to be criticised for
exercising a choice in favour of any one of them. But so long as the
English language is what it is, with its unique stress accent, remark-
able as to its nature and more remarkable as to the quite inexplicable
principles that govern its distribution and its function, so long will
there be uncertainty about the pronunciation of English words.
There is no uncertainty about the pronunciation of “reside,” or
“subside,” or “residence,” but there is no end to the wrangling over
what is to be done with “subsidence.” So it is with place names.
South-Eastern names ending in “-den,” “-ham” and “-ly” show a
very strong tendency locally to have their principal stress accent on
these syllables, despite the general tendency on the part of similar
names in other parts of the country to avoid a final accent. So when,
as recently happened, an airplane disaster occurs at Marden in
Kent, the Announcer will be criticised however he pronounces the
name. If he says Marden, he will be told that this is only a local
pronunciation and that all educated people in the neighbouring
countryside call it Marden. If he calls it Marden, indignant critics,
ever ready to find fault, will tell him that the place is called Marden,
as any intelligent person ought to know. The Announcer, not being a

linguistic expert, cannot be expected to know that the presence of the
long vowel in the first syllable may be heard as a stress accent in
itself, that when he says Marden he is really saying Marden, and it is
not unlikely that he will be told that the place is never pronounced
with two accents. The truth of the matter is, as it so often is in Eng-
lish, that all three varieties of the name are in common use, and that
there is no one variant of which it can be specifically said: “This and
this only is the right pronunciation.” What the B.B.C. has done is to
try to find out how the people in the place wish the name to be pro-
nounced when it has to be broadcast, so that there shall be immedi-
ate recognition.
The position of the stress accent is likely to cause trouble in
another way, because Northern and Southern English do not always
see eye to eye in the matter. A word like “apologise” has its principal
stress accent on the second syllable in Southern English, and on the
fourth syllable in Northern English. “Birkenhead” and “Newcastle”
are generally stressed, in Northern English, on the last sounded vowel,
and in Southern English on the first; there is likely to be considerable
discussion as to how these names are to be “correctly” pronounced.
If the Announcer gives the Southern pronunciation he may be told
that he ought to know better, whereas if he gives the Northern
variety he may be accused of pedantry or provincialism. And if, as
in the case of “Newcastle,” the Northern variety uses a short “a” in
“-castle” where the Southern uses a long vowel, we really have to
deal with two very widely differing variants—“Newcaasle” and
“Newcassle.” The only solution of this problem is to regard the
Northern variety as one peculiar to Northern English, and since
Announcers are not required to use Northern English, to recom-
mend the Southern variety for broadcasting, at any rate from
Southern stations. So Glass Houghton will be pronounced “Glaas
Howton” in the Southern way, but if the Announcer happens to be
a native of the place and pronounces it in the native way, he will be
We are, of course, once again face to face with the perennial ques-
tion of Daventry, and all the storm that its pronunciation raises in
the teacups of the curious. There are people who believe that they
are doing a service to their country and its language when they
advocate that a word looking like Daventry must sound like Daintry.
It is difficult to see what would be gained, but it is equally difficult to
persuade these people away from their point of view. If it is con-
sidered vulgar to say “haint we” for “haven’t we,” why is it not
vulgar to say “Daintry” for “Daventry,” for the principle governing
the loss of the “v” is the same in both cases? But “haint we” cannot

appear in print unless it appears as emerging from the mouth of an
uncouth speaker; its use by the educated is a joke to-day, though
there doubtless was a time when it was quite respectable. If Daven-
try is really serious in its desire to be known to the world as Daintry,
then it must dress for the part. It cannot have it both ways. There
is, so far as we are aware, no Act of Parliament that prevents a town,
a town clerk, a mayor, a corporation, a postmaster, a railway com-
pany or an ordnance surveyor from spelling a place name as they
wish. The old records, collected by Professor Mawer and his col-
leagues, show that change has been the order of the day in the
spelling of our place names. Daintry looks quite as English as
Daventry, and has the merit of saving a syllable; but it is too late in
the day! Every country in the world has now seen the name Daven-
try in print, and most nations are familiar with the sound of it. But
if the B.B.C. had really meant it they could have changed all that;
one issue of the Radio Times with Daventry printed as Daintry, and
the battle would have been won! So Slaithwaite must take heart of
grace and face adversity with all the courage that her famous county
breeds. So long as she looks like “Slaithwaite” she must be content
to be called something like it, and “Slowit ” will be a term of endear-
ment restricted to her nearest and dearest, who may proudly pro-
claim their allegiance to her by addressing her as such. But so long
as she masquerades as “Slaithwaite,” then “Slaithwaite” she must be
to the outside world, and “Slaithwaite” she will be to the Announcer.
Cirencester must settle her own affairs, and not expect the B.B.C.
to settle them for her.
Time was when the spelling of a place name was known to one or
two at most of the inhabitants—the lord of the manor, possibly, and
the priest; the name persisted as a spoken habit, a congeries of
sounds arising from certain physical adjustments carried out by
speakers. Like all speech, it had no tangible or visible existence, and
persisted by “word of mouth” from generation to generation, slowly
changing, submitting to the fate that befell all the rest of the words
spoken in the neighbourhood, forming part and parcel of the local
vocabulary, and fulfilling its function so long as it served to call up
in the minds of hearers the place associated with it. In the mind that
received it or in the mouth that uttered it, it had no capital letter to
distinguish it from the rest of speech; it went the way of all words.
The clerk wrote it on maps, in leases, in charters, in marriage and
funeral registers; but the natives knew nothing of this, except the
very few. Then things began to happen; railways were built and
stations had to have names put on them; post offices appeared;
schools were set up, and in half a century every child could read and

write. Letters, postcards and telegrams come to the most isolated
village, which in some form or other has become somebody’s
“address.” The name has to be written; it has to have a correct
“spelling,” and those who are interested in the origins of our place
names and the fantastic spelling evolutions they have performed
through the centuries will find their story in Professor Mawer’s
If the Railway Companies and the Post Office had called together
an advisory committee to sit upon the question of spelling place
names, the results might have been better. Ulgham might have
appeared as Uffam, Congresbury as Coomsbury, Poughill in Corn-
wall as Poffill, and Poughill in Devon as Powill. This would cer-
tainly have simplified matters, but it would have robbed life of one
of its minor excitements, and furnished the pedant—especially that
pearl among pedants, the amateur etymologist—with one less excuse
for the pursuit of his folly. Every word has its past, and it is well that
we should know its past, but the word should not suffer eternally for
its past and be compelled to forego all development in the future
merely because its past is interesting. Many men live down their
past, but few words, visual words, are allowed to do so: the moment
they show a desire to reform, up steps the pedant and says, “Re-
member your past!” So we bow to him and pass on; it might be as
well to whisper a word in his ear and tell him that English may one
day be a world language, but not until he and his shibboleth are dead
and gone. The place name is only a word after all, and what is to be
said of it is true of all other words; the abiding paradox of language is
that in the world of Speech the order of the day is “Advance!”,
while in the world of Print the order is “As you were!”
It is much easier to say what this booklet is not than what it is. It
is not, for instance,
(a) a collection of popular local pronunciations;
(Z>) a comprehensive collection of all the known variants of every
place name included;
(c) a list of “correct” pronunciations;
(c?) a phonetic record of the dialectal pronunciations used by
Readers who expect it to be any of these things will be disappointed;
it is extremely doubtful whether there will ever exist a work com-
bining all these aspects of the question. But it is hoped that readers
of more modest expectation, such as expect to find just a collection
of English place names, with a hint or two as to how to pronounce
them with a fair prospect of success, may not be altogether dis-

appointed. It is too much to hope that a work of this kind contains
no errors; if we wait for perfection we shall never do anything, and in
the meantime the Announcer must get on with his difficult task.
Any reader who questions a pronunciation recorded in this book has
only to send us a well-substantiated criticism, and the matter will be
put right in the second edition.
Above all, let it not be counted against the B.B.C. that it refuses
to honour the time-worn local pronunciation. Sawbridgeworth may
have been Sapsed in the past, but it is to be Sawbridgeworth in the
future, at any rate when it is broadcast. Some of these historical
local pronunciations are included in this booklet, but not all of them.
In the first booklet published by the B.B.G. Advisory Committee
on Spoken English it was pointed out that correct pronunciation was
like correct behaviour—the custom of the educated, having regard
to established convention, public taste and to the object in view,
which is, in the case of speech, intelligibility. Anyone in need of a
half-hour’s mental exercise might try his hand at defining “pro-
nunciation,” with an explanatory note on “correct pronunciation.”
Having done this, he might then play with the question of repre-
senting pronunciation on paper. How far is it possible to represent
visually things that have no visual existence? Sound cannot be made
visible, and light cannot be made audible: the gulf between these
two natural phenomena is unbridgeable. We can see the effects of
sound and hear the effects of light by means of adequate scientific
apparatus, but nothing that we can do will ever make speech visible.
Speech is a jumble of noises and rhythms and tunes, whereas the
printed page is what it is, and it takes most of us many years to trans-
late one into the other. Reading is the translation of sight into sound,
and writing the translation of sound into sight—both of them
laborious processes, because the conventions to be observed seem
endless. But to pretend that what we write is how we pronounce, or
how we should pronounce, is, of course, mere foolishness. It is com-
pletely and utterly impossible to represent the pronunciation of a
language by means of visual symbols or letters.
There is a widespread belief that so-called phonetic alphabets can
achieve this end, and the invention of such alphabets has been a
favourite pastime of linguistic scholars. A. J. Ellis, the nineteenth-
century mathematician and philologist, invented one; Melville Bell
invented one and Sweet adapted it; Lepsius, the German linguist,
invented another, which has been further expanded by Meinhof, the
great African linguist. Jespersen of Copenhagen invented a semi-
mathematical system of writing down speech sounds, and an inter-
national body of linguists led by Vietor of Germany and Passy of

France evolved another. They are all excellent, but they all fail,
because they try to do the impossible. Speech cannot be written
perfectly, but it can be written better in a phonetic alphabet than
in another.
We cannot write down the speech of any one man, and it follows
that to write down the speech of a nation is impossible. Who can say
what is the English pronunciation of the word “more”? It may be
moa, moor, maa, maar, moi, mair, mo:r or what not, and any one
of these may vary from speaker to speaker. If we say that there is a
sound “ze” in the word “man,” whose “ze” are we to take? Is it to be
the one used by the chairman of the local bench of magistrates, by
the vicar, by the town clerk? People who talk about standardising
English, and especially those who accuse the B.B.C. of aiming at a
dead level of uniformity in the speech of their Announcers, should
think twice before they speak. There is no standard English “se” as
there is a standard English pint, or yard, or middle C (if indeed there
is a standard C). It is desirable that a conductor should continue to
hear all his players tune to his standard pitch if chaos is to be avoided,
but the Announcers are not paraded so that they might all tune in to
the same “ae.” “t” and “s” are common symbols, but the “t” sounds
used in England are to be counted by the score, and the “s’s” vary
like the winds of heaven, from the fierce blast that whistles beneath a
false palate to the fluffy breeze that blows through the open spaces of
the mouth. There will never be a standard “ae” or a standard “t” or
a standard “s” or a standard English; and there will never be a
written record of English pronunciation, with its inimitable rhythms
and its significant intonations. All that we can say of the phonetic
alphabet is that it does itswork a little more satisfactorily than the tra-
ditional alphabets of the world, all of which have their limitations.
In this booklet we have tried the experiment of representing pro-
nunciations in two ways:—
(1) by means of the International Phonetic Alphabet, in the
form used for what is known as “broad transcription”;
(2) by means of a modified spelling with diacritical marks.
Those readers who are unfamiliar with phonetic alphabets will find
the second system easier to handle; this system is not very helpful to
foreigners, as it rests largely upon traditional orthography. It is,
moreover, not very accurate, or free from ambiguity.
The pronunciation that we have attempted to record is not that
of any particular dialect; it is certainly not South-Eastern. It is,
rather, a normalised form, suitable alike for the whole of the English-

speaking world. The phonetic transcription can be read largely ad
libitum: if, for example, the word “moor” is transcribed “muor,” this
does not mean that you are to pronounce “moor” in this way—it
merely means that you are to pronounce it as you have always done.
Phonetic alphabets are not to be regarded as chemical formulae,
where the symbols have constant and universal values. H2SO4 may
be composed of elements that are eternally constant, and J=|g/2
may be the expression of a truth that is undisturbed by human emo-
tion, but phonetic letters have none of the constancy of chemical and
mathematical symbols. If I say Clapham is “'klcepam,” I am not
quite sure that I know what this means, but I do know that in other
walks of life Clapham may equally well be ‘c|klaepm” or “'klae’m”
or “*klaephom”; there is no universal or eternal constancy about the
value of “k” or “1” or “as,” etc. “k” stands for any “k” sound that
lives in the English-speaking world, and the same may be said of all
the others. And when all is said and done our so-called phonetic
transcription gives us no indication of the rhythm of the word or of
its intonation. The fact that we mark the position of the stress accent
by a mark 1 before the stressed syllable is not to be regarded as some-
thing final or absolute. It is of little use to the Japanese or to the
Persian, because what is stress accent to us is not stress accent to
them. The more one plays with this question of writing down sounds
on paper, the more hopeless it appears—and, nevertheless, it is a task
that must be attempted. Some day there will be one alphabet for all
the languages of the world, and it will be a “phonetic” alphabet. If
Europe and America retain their political, cultural and financial
ascendancy, this alphabet will be a modification of the Roman, but
if the centre of power moves to the East, then we may expect some-
thing Chinese, or Arabic, or Indian, to develop within the next few
thousand years. For the present we must do what we can with the
means at our disposal, but we shall do well never to forget that a
“phonetic” alphabet is a contradiction in terms—at most it can only
mean an alphabet with fewer and less arbitrary conventions than
existing alphabets.
In conclusion I wish to express my sincere thanks to all the corre-
spondents and listeners whose efforts have contributed to this booklet,
to Professor Mawer for allowing me to see some of his local pronun-
ciations, and to Professor Daniel Jones for much invaluable advice
and help.
A. Lloyd James;
August, 1930.

The International Phonetic Alphabet as adapted for the
Long vowels are indicated by the sign
ii—as in see, bead, grief, etc.
i—as in sit, city. The two vowels in the word “city” are not always
identical in quality, but they are sufficiently near to be repre-
sented by one letter.
e—as in bed, dead.
ae—as in man.
a:—as in pa, car, calm. In Southern English it is used in many
words which have no letter “r” or “1” after “a.” E.g. dance,
pass, path, bath. In Northern English its use is confined to
words with “ar” or “al,” e.g. bard, card, balm, psalm, calf.
□—as in not, lodge.
□i—as in nought, paw.
o—as sometimes in the first syllable of potato, or as sometimes in
words like port, more.
u—as in book.
u:—as in too, school.
a—as in one, bun, cup.
a;—as in burn, fir, fur.
a—an omnibus letter that does duty for all sorts of unstressed
vowels, e.g. the first sound in “again,” the second sound in
“Saturday,” the last sound in “actor,” or “idea”; it is the sound
generally in the definite article when a consonant follows; e.g.
“the boy,” and in the indefinite article, “a boy,” when they are
not accented. Scholars always quarrel over this unhappy vowel
sound, or rather over the many shades of unstressed vowel that
it has to do duty for. Some say that there is and should be a
difference in the quality of the sounds used in the final syllables
of words like “actor,” “singer,” “nature,” “influenza”; others
say that the final vowels are all alike—a kind of nondescript
vowel sound that baffles description and orthography alike.
What must not be forgotten is that many unstressed syllables in
English lose the distinctive quality of vowel sound found when
the syllables are stressed. There is no doubt about the quality of

the vowel in the word “to” when it is said in isolation; but there
is endless arguing as to what it is and what it ought to be in
phrases like “to be” or “to-day.” In the transcriptions that
appear in this book, the letter “a” has not been driven to death;
it has been used sparingly. But it has been inserted in some
places where it may cause surprise, e.g. Egerton is written
edjartan, although many people pronounce it edjartn, with a
syllabic “n.”
ei—as in they, day.
ou—as in no, know, as pronounced by those people who make no
difference in the pronunciation of these words.
ai—as in my.
au—as in now.
oi—as in boy.
io(r)—as in the last syllable of idea (without “r”) and fear (with
eo(r)—as in where, fair.
□a (r)—as in more, which is pronounced also in various ways
(see p. u).
uo(r)—as in poor, moor, which are pronounced in various ways,
e.g. puo(r), poo(r), pog(r), and poi(r) in the South, and also
puir in the North.
w—as in will. Some speakers pronounce initial “w” and “wh”
alike, others make a distinction. Words which contain “wh” are
transcribed with “hw” in this book.
j—the initial sound in yes.
b, d, f, g (hard), h, k, 1, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, z, have their normal
values. It is to be noticed that “h” is often not pronounced at
the beginning of unaccented syllables, as in the common place-
name ending “-ham,” which is usually unaccented except in
Kent and Sussex.
The letter “r” causes more difficulty in English than all the
others put together. In South-Eastern English it is silent except
when followed by a vowel—it is pronounced in “red” and
“very,” but not in “car” or “card.” It is sometimes pronounced
in “car” if a vowel follows, e.g. “the car is at the door.” Here
the vast majority of the English-speaking world is at variance

with the South-Eastern variety, and this cleavage is a source of
much friction. Since this booklet is intended not only for South-
Eastern speakers but for the whole English-speaking world, the
“r” is shown in every case. This illustrates again the difficulty,
mentioned above, of transcribing the pronunciation of a nation,
rj—the sound of “ng” in sing. The group “ng” represents two
pronunciations in some dialects of English, i.e.
(1) as in singer, hanger, hanging.
(2) as in finger, anger, longer.
Some dialects pronounce all such words in the second way.
0—the sound of “th” in thick.
3—the sound of “th” in then.
J —the sound of “sh” in she, or “ss” in mission, or “ti” in education.
3—the sound of “s” in pleasure.
x—the sound of “ch” in loch, used nowadays only in Scottish,
Welsh or Irish names.
tj—the sound of “ch” in church.
d3—the sound of “j” and “dge” in judge.
The stress accent is marked by the sign “1” before the stressed

abbotsham, Devon. â– aebatsam abbotsam
ABBOTSKERSWELL, Devon. •aebats'kairzwal abbotskurzwell
ABERGAVENNY, Mon. aebarga’veni abbergavenny
abersychan, Mon. aebar*SAxan abbersuchan {ch as in loch)
ABERTILLERY, Mon. aebarti*leari abbertillairy
ABRAM, Lancs. •aebram abbram
aby, Lincs. •eibi ayby
acle, Norfolk feikl aykle
•eikli aykly
acomb, Northumb. *eikam aykam
adel, (cum eccup), Yorks. >aedl addle
ADWICK-LE-STREET, Yorks. •aedik-lo-'striit addick-le-street
ailsia, Cornwall â– eilja aylia
aish, Devon. ash
AISLABY, Yorks. *eizlbi ayzleby
AISTHORPE, Lincs. >eis0a:rp aysthorp
akeld, Northumb. •eikeld aykeld
alcester, Warwick. brlstar awlster
ALCISTON, Sussex bilsistan awlsiston
ALCONBURY, Hunts. bilkanbari awlkonbury
•oikanbari awkonbury
ALDBURY, Herts. brldbari awldbury
bilbari awlbury
al deburgh, Suffolk •oildbara awldburo
bilbara awlburo
alderwasley, Derby. aeldarwazhi: alderwizlee
aelarzdii allerzlee
ALDWARK, Yorks. bildwark awldwark
B >7

alethorpe, Norfolk •eilOoirp aylthorp
alfol d, Surrey •oilfould awlfold
'aelfould alfold
•aifould aafold
alford, Lincs. •oilfard awlford
alfreton, Derby. bilfraton awlfrSton
ALFRISTON, Sussex oihfriston awlfriston
ALGARKIRK, Lines. •oilgarkairk awlgarkirk
hild^arkairk awljirkirk
ALKHAM, Kent •oilkam awlkam
ALLER, Som. â– olar oiler
•oilar awler
allerton, Lancs. â– aelartan allerton
•alartan 611erton
allestree, Derby. •aelestrii allestree
allington, Kent •aeliijtan allington
almeley, Heref. !aemli amly
•aimali aamely
ALMONDBURY, Yorks. â– eimbari aymbury
•aimbari awmbury
â– aelmandbari almondbury
aln, River in Northumb. aeln aln
ALNE, GREAT and LITTLE, oin awn
Warwick. ailn awln
ALNE, Yorks. â–¡ in awn
alnham, Northumb. •aelnam alnam
alnmouth, Northumb. â– eilmauO aylmouth
alnwick, Northumb. â– aenik annick
ALPHETON, Suffolk aehfiitan alfeeton
ALRESFORD, Essex â– ailsfard ialsford
â– eilsfard aylsford
alresford, Hants. bilsfard 18 awlsford

ALREWAS, Staffs. b liras awlrus
ALSAGER, Staffs. b:lsad3ar awls3.jer
Alston, Cumb. b listen awlston
ALTHAM, Lancs. b :16am awlthSm
^ltam altim
biltam awltlm
ALTHORPE, Lincs. b:16a:rp awlthorp
Alton, Hants. biltan awlton
ALTRINCHAM, Ches. bdtrigam awltringam
bdtrindgam awltrinjam
ALVERTHORPE, Yorks. b:lvar6o:rp awlverthorp
ALVESCOT, Oxford. b:lskat awlscot
>aelvaskat alvescot
ALVINGHAM, Lines. bilvirjam awlvingam
ALVINGTON, WEST, Devon. bilvirjten awlvington
ALVINGTON, Glos. >aelvigten alvington
alwoodley, Yorks. bilwudli awlwoodly
ANGERSLEIGH, Som. *eind3arzli: aynjerzlee
ANGMERING, Sussex. â– aerjmarir) angmering
ANLABY, Yorks. >aenlabi anlaby
ANNESLEY, Notts. •aenazli annezly
!aenzli anzly
ANSTEY, EAST and WEST, Devon. *aensti ansty
AN STYE, Sussex aen'stai anstye
APULDRAM, Sussex •aepldram appledram
ARDINGLY, Sussex airdirplai ardinglye
ARLECDON, Cumb. •airlekdan arlekdon
ARLESTON, ShrOpS. •a xrlstan arlston
ARPIN GE, Kent ARUNDEL, Sussex !aerandl arrundle
asgarby, Lincs. •aezgarbi azgarby

ASHBURNHAM, Sussex •ae/baimam ashburnim
ASHBY-DE-LA-LAUNDE, Lines. â– aefbi-da-la- ashby-de-la-
â– laind lawnd
ashby-de-la-zouch, Leicest. |aej’bi-da-la-lzuij ashby-de-la- zdosh
ashow, Warwick. >aejou asho
ASHREIGNEY, Devon. ae/heini ashrainy
ASHTON KEYNES, Wilts. ■aejtan •keinz ashton kayns
ASKHAM, Notts. teskam askam
aslackby, Lincs. •aezlakbi azlackby
•eizlbi ayzleby
aspatria, Cumb. aes^eitria aspaytriS
asterby, Lincs. •eistarbi aysterby
Atherton, Lancs. 'aeiSartan atherton (th in then)
â– aeQartan atherton
aughertree, Cumb. •afartri: offertree
•aefartri: affertree
aughton, nr. Lancaster, Lancs. *aeftan afton
aughton, nr. Ormskirk, Lancs. >aitan awton
aughton, Yorks. b:tan awton
austwick, Yorks. bistwik awstwick
•astik dstick
AVELEY, Essex •eivli ayvly
avening, Glos. •eivnig ayvning
AVERHAM, Notts. •earam airilm
aveton gifford, Devon. â– aitan ^ifard awton jifford
•eivtan . . . ayvton . . .
AVILL, Som. •aevil awill
awbridge, Hants. >eibrid3 aybridge
•aibridg aabridge
AXHOLME, Lincs. •aekshoum axhome
AYLESBEARE, Devon. •eilzbiar aylzbeer

AYLSHAM, Norfolk •eiljam aylsham
•elsam elscfm
•eljam elsham
aynho, Northants. feinhou aynho
ayot, Herts. •eijat ayot
bacup, Lancs. fbeikap baycup
BAGULEY, Ches. â– baegali bagaly
â– baegli bagly
BALCOMBE, Sussex fbailkam bawlkom
baldhu, Cornwall baihdju: baaldew
boihdju: bawldew
BALLINGER, Bucks. lbaelind3ar balinjer
balsall heath, Warwick. •bailsal 'hi:0 bawlsall heeth
BALSHAM, Cambs. fbailfam bawlshilm
bamburgh, Northumb. â– baembara bamburo
bantham, Devon. â– baentam bantam
BARCOMBE, Sussex â– bairkam barkom
BARHAM, Kent â– baeram barram
BARKISLAND, Yorks. ^airkisland barkisland
â– baisland baasland
BARKLYE, Sussex bairk>lai barklye
BARNOLDSWICK, Yorks. bair'nouldzwik barn61dzwick
â– bairlik barlick
BARSHAM, Suffolk •bair/am barsham
BARUGH, Yorks. bairf barf
barwick, Herts. >baerik barrick
barwick, Norfolk •baerik barrick
BARWICK-IN-ELMET, Yorks. â– baerik-in-'elmet barrick-in-elmet
BASFORD, Notts. >beisfard baysford
BASFORD, Staffs. •baesfard bassford

BASSALEG, Mon. •beizlig bae^aeleg bayzlig basalleg
baswich, alternative form of Ibaesid3 bassidge
BERKSWICH, Staffs. •baesitf bassich
BATHE ALTON, Som. •baetltan battleton
BATHE ASTON, Som. baiOhiston baatheeston
â– bastistsn battiston
BATHFORD, Som. barehoird baathford
bawdeswell, Norfolk •boidzwal bawdzwell
BEACONSFIELD, Bucks. ibekonzfirld beckonsfeeld
â– bukanzfiild beekonsfeeld
BEAFORD, Devon. •biifard beeford
beaminster, Dorset. â– beminstor bemminster
bearley, Warwick. •biarli beerly
BEARSTEAD, Kent >bEarsted bairsted
ibairsted bursted
BEAUCHAMP, Mon. â– biitjbm beecham
beauchief, Yorks. â– biitjif beechiff
beaudesert, Warwick. bou'dezart bodezert
â– belzor belzer
BEAULIEU, Hants. â– bjurli bewly
beaumanor, Leicest. bou*maen9r bomannor
BEAUMONT, Cumb. fbiimant beemont
beausale, Warwick. •bjmsal bewsal
beaworthy, Devon. â– biiwarrfti beeworthy (th as in then)
fbauari bowery
beckermet, Cumb. be^airmet beckurmet
BE DALE, Yorks. ibizdl beedle
â– biideil beedayl
bedale’s, School, Hants. ■biideilz beedayl’s
BEDDINGHAM, Sussex bedir) >haem beddingham
BEDHAM, Sussex bed'haem bedham

beetham, Westmor. â– biiftam beetham {th as i then)
begbroke, Oxford. •begbruk begbrook
BEGGEARN HUISH, Som. â– begairn *hjuij* beggarn hewish
beighton, Derby. â– beitan bayton
â– baitan byton
BEIGHTON, Norfolk â– baitan byton
â– beitan bayton
BELAUGH, Norfolk •bi da: beelaa
â– bi :1a: beelaw
•biilou beelo
•biilu: beeloo
BELBROUGHTON, WorCS. behbroitan belbrawton
belleau, Lincs. â– belou bello
•belju: bellew
Bellingham, Northumb. â– belindgam bellinjam
beltingham, Northumb. â– beltind^am beltinjam
belvoir, Leicest. •biivar bee ver
Benefield, Northants. •benifidd bennifeeld
BENGEO, Herts. â– bendgou ben jo
benhall, Suffolk â– benal bennall
BEN RHYDDING, Yorks. ben •ridirj ben ridding
bensham, Durham â– benjam bensham
BENSINGTON, now Spelt â– bensirjtan bensington
BENSON, Oxford. â– bensan benson
BENTHALL, ShropS. â– bentad bentawl
BERKELEY, Glos. â– bairkli barkly
•bairkli burkly
berkhamsted, Herts. â– bairkamsted burkamsted
BERKLEY, Som. â– bairkli barkly
berkswell, Warwick. â– bairkswel barkswell
â– bairkswel burkswell

berkswich, alternative form
of baswich, Staffs.
berrick salome, Oxford.
bilsington, Kent
binsey, Berks.
Birmingham, Warwick
bishops frome, Heref.
bishopsnympton, Devon.
bishop’s stortford, Herts.
bishops waltham, Hants.
bispham, Lancs.
bittesby, Leicest.
bitteswell, Leicest.
black bourton, Oxford.
Blackley, district of Man-
chester, Lancs.
blakehope, Northumb.
blakeney, Norfolk
blencathara (Saddleback),
Mountain in Cumb.
â– bairkswitj burkswich
â– baesidg bassidge
â– baesitj bassich
â– berik â– sselam berrick sallom
â– betam bettSm
â– betsam betsilm
bju’aeldeO bewaldeth
â– bistar bister
â– bilzdan bilzden
â– bidifard biddiford
â– bilahiki billericky
â– bilzirjtan bilzington
â– binzi binzy
barrkan^hed burkenhed
â– bairkanhed burkenhed
â– bairmirjam birmingam
â– bifaps ffruim bishops froom
•bijaps^nimtan bishopsnimton
1 biJaps ■stairfard bishop’s stdrford
â– biJaps â– wailtam bishops wawltam
. . . â– wo :16am . . . wa witham
â– bispam bispam
â– bitsbi bitsby
â– bitswel bitswell
â– bitjal bitchell
•blaek ■borrtan black bourton
•bleikli blaykly
â– bleikap blaykop
â– bleikni blaykny
blen'kae6ra blencathra
â– bl Anti Jam
â– blAntisam

blyth, Northumb. blaiiS blythe {th as then)
boconnoc, Cornwall bo^anak bocdnnoc
bodenham, Heref. •badanam b6dden3.m
BODIAM, Sussex •boudiam b6diSm
•badiam boddiim
boggart hole clough, Lancs. •bagart •houl boggart hole
•klAf cluff
boldon, Durham •bouldan boldon
BOLDRE, Hants. •bouldar bolder
bolingey, Cornwall bo>lind3i bolinjy
bolitho, Cornwall bohaiiSo bolytho {th as in then)
bollingham, Heref. •balind3am bdllinjam
•baliijam bdllingim
BOLNEY, Sussex •boulni bdlny
•bouni b6ny
bolsover, Derby. •boulzouvar bolzover
•balzouvar bdlzover
•bauzar bdwzer
BOLTON BY BOWLAND, LanCS. •boultn bai bolton by
•baland bolland
. . . >bouland . . . b61and
borrowash, Derby. •bArowaf burrowosh
•barouaej b6rroash
•barowaj bdrrowosh
borwick, Lancs. •barik bdrrick
boscastle, Cornwall 1 basket isl bdscastle
bosham, Sussex â– bazam bdzzim
•basam bdsscini
bottesford, Lincs. •batisfard bbttisford
•batsfard bbtsford
boughton, Kent •baitan bawton
boughton, Northants. •bautan 25 b6wton

BOUGHTON, Notts. •burton •bautan booton bowton
BOUGHTON MONCHELSEA, Kent •baitn •mAntJalsi bawton mun- chelsy
BOULGE, Suffolk build3 boolje
bould3 bolje
boulmer, Northumb. •buimar boomer
boultham, Lincs. •buitam bootam
â– burSam b6oth3m {th as in then)
BOURTON, Oxford •boirtan bdurton
BOVENEY, Bucks. •bAvni buvny
bovey tracy, S. Devon. •bAvi ’treisi buvvy traycy
BOVINGDON, Herts. •bavigdan bowingdon
•bouvigdan bdvingdon
•bAvigdan buvvingdon
bowdon, Ches. •boudn bodon
BOWLAND, TROUGH OF, Lancs., Yorks., Westmor. â– baland bolland
bowness, Cumb. •bounes boness
bowness, Westmor. •bounes boness
brabourne, Kent •breiboim braybourn
•breibarn brayburn
bradenham, Norfolk •braedanam braddenam
brainshaugh, Northumb. â– breinzhcuf brayns-haaf
BRANT-BROUGHTON, Lines. •braent-'bruitn brant-brooton
BRASTED, Kent •breisted braysted
BRATOFT, Lincs. •breitoft braytoft
braughing, Herts. •braefir) braffing
breage, Cornwall briig breeg
breightmet, Lancs. See tonge-cum-breightmet.
breinton, Heref. •breintan braynton
BREWOOD, Staffs. bruid brood
BRICETT, Suffolk •braiset brycet
bridestowe, Devon. •bridestou 26 briddesto

brighstone, Isle of Wight â– braistan bryston
BRIGHTHOLMLEE, Yorks. â– braitamli brytomly
brinkheugh, Northumb. 1 brii] khj uif brinkhewf
brinscall, Lancs. â– brinskal brinsca.ll
BRINSEA, Som. â– brinzi brinzy
britwell salome, Oxford. â– britwel *saelam britwell sallom
broadclyst, Devon. â– braidklist brawdclist
BROME, Suffolk bruim broom
brough, Westmor. brAf bruff
BROUGH, Yorks. brAf bruff
brougham, Westmor. bruim broom
BROUGHTON, Cumb. â– braitan brawton
broughton, Hants. â– braitan brawton
broughton, Lancs. â– bra i tan brawton
broughton, Lincs. â– braitan brawton
broughton, nr. Kettering, Northants. â– brautan browton
BROUGHTON, UPPER, Notts. â– bra: tan brawton
broughton, Oxford. â– braitan brawton
broughton, Staffs. â– braitan brawton
broughton, Yorks. â– braitan brawton
BROUGHTON ASTLEY, Leicest. â– braitan â– aestli brawton astly
BROUGHTON-IN-FURNESS, LanCS. â– braitan-in- brawton-in-
â– fairnes fumess
BUCKLAND FILLEIGH, Devon. â– bAkland 'fili buckland filly
BUCKLAND TOUT SAINTS, Devon. â– bAkland â– tui buckland too
â– seints saints
budle, Northumb. â– bjuidl bewdle
BUDLEIGII SALTERTON, Devon. â– bAdli â– sailtartn budly sawlterton
BULKELEY, Ches. â– bukli bookly
BURGH, Lincs. â– bAra burro
BURGH, Suffolk â– bAra burro
bairg burg
BURGH-BY-SANDS, Cumb. â– brAf-bai-^saendz bruff-by-sands

burgh castle, Norfolk â– bAra â– kcusl burro castle
burghfield, Berks. â– bairfidd burfield
BURGH-LE-MARSH, Lincs. •bAra-b'-mair/ burro-le-marsh
buriton, Hants. •beritan bdrriton
burneside, Westmor. •bairnisaid bumiside
•baimsaid burnside
BURPHAM, Sussex â– bairfam burfam
BURRINGHAM, Lines. â– b Ariljam burringam
burscough, Lancs. •bairskou bursko
bursledon, Hants. •bairzldan burzeldon
BURTON PEDWARDINE, Lines. •bairtn >ped- burton ped-
wardain wardyne
butterwick, Westmor. â– bAtarwik butterwick
â– bAtarik butterick
BYLAUGH, Norfolk 'biila: beelaa
â– bidou beelo
ibailai bylaa
•bailou bylo
cabourn, Lincs. •keiboirn cayboum
CADEBY, Lincs. >keidbi caydby
CADEBY, Yorks. â– keidbi caydby
CAENBY, Lincs. •keinbi caynby
•keianbi cayenby
CALDBECK, Cumb. •kaddbek cawldbeck
â– kaidbek cawdbeck
•kodbek c6dbeck
caldmore, Staffs. •kaimar caamor
calke, Derby. ka:k cawk
calkwell, Lincs. •ko:kwel cawkwell
callaly, Northumb. •kaelaeli 28 callally

callestick, Cornwall kae'lestik â– klestik call6stick clestick
CALNE, Wilts. kain caan
calow, Derby. ’keilou caylo
â– kailou cawlo
CALVELEY, Ches. •kaivli caavly
ikoivli cawvly
cal ver sough, Derby. â– kaivar >sAf caaver su.ff
CALVERLEY, Yorks. •kaivarli caaverly
'koivli cawvly
CALVERTON, Notts. 'kael vartan calverton
•kaivartan caaverton
cambois, Northumb. •kaemas cammus
*kaemis cammis
camborne, Cornwall •kaemboirn cambome
CAMBRIDGE, Glos. â– keimbrid3 caymbridge
CAMELEY, Som. â– keimli caymly
CAMERTON, Cumb. *kaemart9n cammerton
CANON FROME, Som. •kaenan hruim cannon froom
canon pyon, Heref. •kaenan ■paian cannon pyon
canwick, Lincs. •kaenik cannick
•kaenwik canwick
capel, Kent •keipl cayple
CAPEL, Suffolk •keipl cayple
CAPEL-LE-FERNE, Kent ikeipl-bJfa:m cayple-le-fum
CARBURTON, Notts. •kairbartan carburton
carham, Northumb. •kaeram carrim
carn brea, Cornwall •ka:m *brei earn bray
CASTLE DONINGTON, Leicest. •kaisl •doniijtan castle donning- ton
. . . *dAnigtan . . . dunnington
caston, Norfolk •kaistan caaston
•kaesan 29 casson

catcleugh, Reservoir,
caton, Lancs.
cawood, Yorks.
chaddesden, Derby.
CHALCOMBE, also Spelt
chalvey, Berks.
chartershaugh, Durham
chelveston, Northants.
cherwell, River in Oxford.
chettiscombe, Devon.
chevening, Kent.
cheviot (Hills), Northumb.
â– kaetkliif
â– tfaeligar
â– tfalak chollock
•tjaivi chaavy
â– tjailvi chaalvy
•tfaelvigtan chalvington
hjailviijton chaalvington
hJaepl-en-la-’friO chapel-en-le-frith
’tjearii) chairing
‘tjaerig charring
•tjairtarzhcuf charters-haaf
■tfiidl ’hjuim cheedle hewm
. . . â– huim . . . h6om
tjel*vestan chelveston
•tjeiniz chayniz
•tfiiniz cheeniz
hjekarbent checkerbent
â– tjairwel charwell
hjesam chessam
•tjesam ■baiz chessam b6ys
â– tjesant chessunt
hjetiskam chettiscom
â– tjeskam ch6sscom
•tjiivnirj chdevning
hjevjat chevviot
â– tjivjat chiwiot

CHIDDINGLY, Sussex tjidig *lai chiddinglye
chideock, Dorset. â– tjidak chfddock
CHILDER THORNTON, Ches. â– tjildar >0airntan childer thornton
child’s ercall, Shrops. •tjaildz ■cnrkal chyld’s ark2.ll
childwall, Lancs. â– tjildwail chfldwawl
•tjilwal chilwa.ll
CHILHAM, Kent •tfilam chillam
chillingham, Northumb. hjiliijam chfllingam
chiswick, London â– tjizik chizzick
CHOLMONDELEY, Ches. â– tfAmli chumly
CHOLMONDESTON, Ches. •tjamsan chdmson
chulmleigh, Devon. â– tjAmli chumly
churchstowe, Devon. itjairtpstou church-sto
chyandour, Cornwall •J aiandauar shyandower
•tjaiandauar chy'andower
CIRENCESTER, Glos. •saiaransestar syrencester
'sisitar sissiter
clapworthy, Mill, Devon. â– klsepari clappery
claughton, part of •klaitan clawton
Birkenhead, Ches.
claughton, Lancs., 5 miles E. â– klaeftan clafton
of Lancaster
CLAUGHTON-ON-BROCK, LanCS. •klaitan-on^brak clyton-on-br6ck
claverdon, Warwick. *klae vardan clawerdon
iklairdan clardon
clayhidon, Devon. â– kleihaidan clayhydon
CLEARWELL, GIOS. â– klia^wel cleerwell
kliar>wel cleerwell
â– kliarwel cleerwell
CLEATOR, Cumb. •kliitar cleetor
CLEOBURY MORTIMER, Shrops. â– klibari Imairti- clibbery mdrti-
mar mer
■klebari. . . cl£bbery . . .
CLERVAUX, Yorks. •klearvou clairvo
iklearvaiks clairvawks

CLEY (-next-the-sea), Norfolk klei klai clay cly
cliburn, Westmor. 'khbairn clibburn
CLIFFORDS MESNE, Glos. •klifardz fmim cliffords meen
CLIFTON REYNES, Bucks. â– kliftan >reinz clifton rayns
clougha pike, Lancs. 'klafa >paik cloffil pike
cloughton, Yorks. •klautan cldwton
*kloutan cldton
clun, Shrops. klAn clunn
CLUNBURY, Shrops. •klAnbari clunbury
CLUNTON, Shrops. â– klAntan clunton
CLYFFE PYPARD, Wilts. *klif clyst, River, Devon. klist clist
COBERLEY, G1OS. fkAbarli cubberly
COBRIDGE, Staffs. •kobridg c6bbridge
cogenhoe, Northants. â– kuknou cdokno
•kouganhou cdgenho
COGGESHALL, Essex. â– kagifal
â– kaksal coksill
cold hesledon, Durham. See HESLEDON. â– kould *hesldan c61d hessledon
COLDRED, Kent â– kouldred cOldred
COLEHILL, Dorset. ikalhil collhill
•koulhil c61hill
coleorton, Leicest. kolbzrtan colldrton
COLNE, Essex koun cOne
colne, Lancs. koun cOne
COLNE ENGAINE, Essex ikoun I eng ein cOne engayn
COLNEY, Norfolk ikouni c6ny
COLWICK, Notts. â– kalik cdllick
â– kalwik cdllwick
COMBE IN TEIGNHEAD, Devon. â– kuim in tin*hed c6om in tinhdd
combepyne, Devon. See combpyne.

COMBEROW, Som. â– kuimrou cdomro
COMBPYNE also Spelt COMBEPYNE. Devon. , â– kuimpain coompyne
combsies, Som. 'kuimziz coomziz
â– kAmziz cumziz
COMBWICH, Som. >kAmid3 cummidge
'kAmitJ* cummich
•kuimidg coomidge
â– kuimitj coomich
compton, Surrey •kAmtan cumton
â– kamtan comton
CONGRESBURY, Som. â– kuimzbari cdomzbury
•kangresbari cdngressbury
CONINGSBY, Lincs. â– kanigzbi coningzby
â– kAnirjzbi cunningzby
conisholme, Lincs. â– kanishoum connis-home
•kanizhoum conniz-home
â– kanijoum cdnnishome
conyer, Kent •kAnjar cunyer
â– kanjar conyer
COODEN, Sussex â– kuidan cdoden
kuJden cooden
coppull, Lancs. â– kapal cdppull
coquet, Northumb. â– kouket cOket
coryton, Devon. â– karitan corriton
cosham, Hants. â– kasam cossam
â– kazam cozzam
cossington, Leicest. ikAsigtan cussington
ikAzirjtan cuzzington
coston, Leicest. â– kousan coson
cotehele, Cornwall â– kouthiil cote-heel
COTHELSTONE, Som. ka^helstan cot-helston
Cottesmore, Rutland. â– katsmoir cotsmore
G 33

coughton, Heref. 'koutan coton
coughton, Warwick. â– koutan c6ton
â– kautan cowton
coundon, Durham ikaundan c6wndon
coupland, Northumb. â– kuipland cdopland
â– koupland cdplSnd
coveney, Cambs. â– kouvni c6vny
covenham, Lincs. â– kouvanam covenSm
covenhope, Heref. •kanap cdnnop
â– kouvanhoup c6venhope
cowbitt, Lincs. •kAbit cubbit
cowden, Kent kau'den cowden
cowling, Lancs. â– kaulig c6wling
â– koulig cdling
cowling, Yorks. â– koulig c61ing
COWLINGE, Suffolk â– kuilindj cdolinje
cowpen, Northumb. â– kuipan c6open
cowpen bewley, Durham >ku:pan >bjuili cdopen bewly
cradley, Heref. Ikraedli cradly
CRADLEY and CRADLEY HEATH, Staffs. â– kreidli craydly
credenhill, Heref. â– kredanhil creddenhill
â– kriidanhil creedcnhill
CREDITON, Devon. â– kreditan credditon
crewkerne, Som. â– kruikairn crdokurn
crich, Derby. kraitj crych
CRICKET MALHERBIE, Som. •kriket ■maelarbi cricket mallerby
crondall, Hants. â– krAndal crunda.ll
â– krandal crdndall
CROPREDY, Oxford. •krapredi cropreddy
crostwick, Norfolk â– krastwik cr6stwick
â– krastik crdstick
â– krasik crdssick

crouch, Kent
croughton, Northants.
crowle, Lincs.
CROWLE, Worcs.
croxton, south, Leicest.
croxton, Lincs.
croxton, Norfolk
croxton kerrial, Leicest.
croyland, Lincs.
cruwys morchard, Devon.
cuddesdon, Oxford.
cullompton, Devon.
cumdivock, Cumb.
cumrew, Cumb.
cumwhinton, Cumb.
cuxham, Oxford.
cwm, Mon.
â– kroutan
â– kroukam
â– krousan
â– kr ous tan
â– krouzan
I krakstan
â– krousan 'kerial
'kruiz •marrtjard crdoz m6rch3.rd
â– kukmiar
â– kAdzdan
â– kAlamtan
â– kAri 'raival
â– kuksam
â– kAksam
â– kum
crdson kerrial
curry ryv3.1

dalby, Leicest. â– doilbi â– dolbi dawlby dolby
DALBY, Lincs. 1 doilbi dawlby
DALLINGTON, Sussex â– daeligtan dallington
â– dolirjtan ddllington
DAMEMS, Yorks, â– daemamz dammems
darenth, Kent â– daerenO darrenth
DARESBURY, Ches. â– dairzbari darzbury
DARWEN, Lancs. â– dairwen darwen
â– daeren darren
DAVENHAM, Ches. â– deivanam dayvenam
daventry, Northants. â– daevantri dawentry
â– deintri dayntry
DEBACH, Suffolk •debid3 debbidge
1 debit/ debbich
DEIGHTON, Yorks. â– diitan deeton
delabole, Cornwall •delaboul dellabole
DELAMERE, CheS. â– delamiar dellameer
dela'miar dellameer
DENT-DE-LION, Kent â– daendilaian dandilyon
denwick, Northumb. â– denik dennick
DEOPHAM, Norfolk •diipam deepSm
â– diifam deefam
derby, Derby â– dairbi darby
dereham, Norfolk •digram deerim
deritend, Warwick. â– deritend derritend
derwenthaugh, Durham â– dairwenthaif durwent-haaf
DEVOKE WATER, Cumb. â– devak â– woitar dewok wawter
Devon, River in Notts. â– di: van deevon
devoran, Cornwall â– devaran devvoran
dibden purlieu, Hants. â– dibdan â– pairlju: dibden purlew

dinedor, Heref. •dain'doir dynd6r
dittisham, Devon. â– ditisam dittisam
•ditifam dittisham
•ditsam ditsSm
Donington, Lincs. •danirjtan donnington
doublebois, Cornwall •dAblbaiz dubbleboys
DOUGHTON, Glos. â– dAftan dufton
DOULTING, Som. •doultirj dotting
•daultii] dowlting
dove, River in Derby. dAV duv
douv dove
dovedale, Derby. â– dAvdeil duvdayl
doveridge, Staffs. â– dAvaridj duweridge
dowsby, Lincs. •dauzbi dowzby
draugiiton, Northants. •draitan drawton
DRAUGHTON, Yorks. •draeftan drafton
drewsteignton, Devon. •druizheintan drdoztaynton
DRIBY, Lincs. •draibi dryby
DRIGHLINGTON, Yorks. •driglirjtan driglington
•driligtan drillington
DUKINFIELD, Ches. â– dAkinfiild duckinfeeld
dunchideock, Devon. â– dAntJidak dunchiddock
DUNMOW, Essex â– dAnmou dunmo
dunstanburgh, Northumb. •dAnstanbara dunstanburo
DUNWEAR, Som. d An •wear dunwair
dAn>wiar dunweer
DUNWICH, Suffolk •dAnitJ dunnich
durweston, Dorset. •dArestan durreston
DYMOCK, Glos. •dimak dimmock

eamont, Westmor. •iimant eemont
â– jaemant y&mmont
earby, Lancs. •iarbi eerby
eardisland, Heref. •airdisland urdisland
•airdzland urdzland
eardisley, Heref. •airdzli urdzly
EARLS COLNE, Essex •airlz !koun urls cOne
earsdon, Northumb. •airzdan urzdon
EARSHAM, Norfolk •airJam ursham
east anstey, Devon. See anstey.
easton mauduit, Northants. •iistan •moidit eeston mawdit
EAUDYKE, Lincs. •oudaik 6dyke
EBBW VALE, Mon. •ebu >veil dbboo vayl
eccleshall, Staffs. •ekljal eccleshall
•eklfoil eccleshawl
edensor, Derby. •enzar enzor
•ensar ensor
Edgbaston, Warwick. ■edgbastan £dgeba.ston
edlingham, Northumb. â– edlindjam 6dlinjam
ED WALTON, Notts. ed1 wo ilt an edwawlton
EGERTON, Kent •ed3artan edgerton
eglingham, Northumb. leglind3am eglinjSm
EGLOSHAYLE, Cornwall eglos>heil eglos-hayl
EGMANTON, Notts. •egmantan egmanton
EGREMONT, Ches. •egrimant egrimont
EGREMONT, Cumb. •eg rimant egrimont
ehen, River, Cumb. •iian 6e3.n
eighton banks, Durham. •eitan •baegks dyton banks
•aitan . . . (ton...
elham, Kent •idem eelSm
ELLESMERE, Shrops. •elzmiar elzmeer
ellingham, Northumb. •elind3am 38 ellinjam

ELLOUGH, Suffolk elsecar, Yorks. elshkcnr elsicar
ELSING, Norfolk â– elzirj elzing
elswick, Northumb. â– elsik 61sick
ELTHAM, Kent •eltam eltam
ELVEDEN, Suffolk â– elvdan elvden
’eldan diden
elwick, Durham 'elwik elwick
elyhaugh, Northumb. Hilihcnf eelyhaaf
ERCALL, Shrops. lairkal ark5.ll
ERESBY, Lincs. â– iarzbi derzby
erewash, Derby. •eriwoj erriwosh
erith, Kent lioriO eerith
esher, Surrey 'iijor desher
etal, Northumb. â– iital eetal
ETCHINGHAM, Sussex etjirj •hsem etchingham
letfiipm etching5m
euxton, Lancs. 'ekston ekston
EVEDON, Lincs. hivdan eevdon
EVINGTON, Kent â– iiviijton eevington
EWART, Northumb. â– juiart ew5rt
ewell, Surrey â– juial dwell
EWELME, Oxford. 'jurelm ewelm
EXCEAT, Sussex â– eksiit ekseet
eyam, Derby. iim eem
eydon, Northants. â– iidon eedon
EYE, Suffolk ai I
ei ay
EYKE, Suffolk aik ike
eynsford, Kent â– einsfard aynsford
EYNSHAM, Oxford. â– enfam dnsham
eype, Dorset. iip eep

facit, Lancs. •feisit faysit
fakenham, Norfolk â– feikanam faykenam
FALDINGWORTH, Lines. â– foildigwairO fawldingworth
fallodon, Northumb. â– fseladan falodon
FALMER, Sussex â– faelmar falmer
falmouth, Cornwall â– faelma6 falmuth
FAR COTTON, also Spelt COTON, Northants. â– fair 'katan far cdtton
FARRINGTON GURNEY, also spelt GOURNAY, Som. â– faerigtan Igaimi farrington gurny
FAUGH, Cumb. faef faff
faif faaf
FAULKBOURNE, Essex •foibaim fawbum
â– foiboim fawboum
faversham, Kent •faevarjam fawersh&m
fazakerley, Liverpool, Lancs. fa'zaekarli fazackerly
feniscowles, Lancs. â– feniskoulz fenniscoles
FERNYHALGH, LanCS. â– fairnihAf fumyhuff
â– faimihaelf furnyhalsh
FIGHELDEAN, Wilts. â– faildiin fyledeen
FILEY, Yorks. â– faili fyly
fillongley, Warwick. â– filorjli fillongly
finchale, Durham â– figkal ffnkal
finchampstead, Berks. â– finjbmsted fmchilmsted
finedon, Northants. â– faindan fyndon
FIRLE, Sussex foirl furl
FLAWITH, Yorks. â– floiiQ fiawith
floiO floyth
FOLKINGTON, Sussex â– fouigtan fdington
fordwich, Kent â– foirdwitj fdrdwich
â– foirditj 40 f6rdich

FOSDYKE, Lincs. â– fazdaik â– fasdaik fdzdyke fdssdyke
foulridge, Lancs. lfoulrid3 folridge
FOULSHAM, Norfolk â– foulsam folsam
FOVANT, Wilts. 'favant fovvant
fowey, Cornwall fai foy
FRANT, Sussex fro mt fraant
FRIERN BARNET, Herts. •fraiam ■bonnet fryern barnet
FRITHELSTOCK, Devon. â– friOalstak frithelstock
â– fristak fristock
FRIZINGHALL, Yorks. â– fraizighail fryzinghawl
FRIZINGTON, Cumb. â– friziijtan frfzzington
•fraizirjtan fryzington
FROCESTER, Glos. â– frastar frdster
FRODINGHAM, LinCS. â– fradirjam froddingilm
FROME, Som. fruim froom
frome bishop, Heref. See BISHOPS FROME.
frome vauchurch, Dorset. â– fruim â– voutjairtf froom vdchurch
. . . ■vaitj’airtj’ . . . vawchurch
frostenden, Suffolk â– frasandan frossenden
froswick, Westmor. â– frasik frossick
furneux pelham, Herts. â– fairniks 'pelam furniks pellam
â– fairnou. . . fumo . . .
FYLDE, Lancs. faild fylde
gaddesby, Leicest.
gaddesden, Herts.
galby, Leicest.
â– gaedzbi
â– gaedzdan
â– gailbi
â– gaemtan

garboldisham, Norfolk igairbljam â– gairblsam girblesham garblesSm
garendon, Leicest. â– gserandan garrendon
gate acre, Lancs. â– gsetakar gattaker
geddinge, Kent •gedind3 geddinje
geddington, Northants. ■g edig tan g£ddington
geldeston, Norfolk â– geldstan geldston
•geldestan g61deston
â– gelstan gelston
germoe, Cornwall â– gairmou gurmo
gilcrux, Cumb. â– gilkruiz gilkrooz
GILLETTS CROSSING, LanCS. filets â– krosig jfllets crdssing
GILLING, Yorks. 'gilig gilling
Gillingham, Dorset. â– giligam gillingam
GILLINGHAM, Kent â– d3iligam jillingam
Gillingham, Norfolk â– giligam gillingam
GILSLAND, Cumb. â– gilzland gilzland
gimingham, Norfolk â– gimigam gimmingam
gipping, River, Suffolk 'gipig gipping
GISLEHAM, Suffolk â– gizlam gizlam
â– gislam gissl&m
gislingham, Suffolk â– gizligam gizlingSm
gissing, Norfolk â– gisig gissing
GITTISHAM, Devon â– gitisam gittisam
â– gitifam gittisham
â– gitsam gitsam
GLARAMARA, Cumb. â– glseramuira glarramaara
GLASS HOUGHTON, Yorks. â– glens 'hautan glaass hdwton
glaston, Rutland. â– gleistan glayston
GLYNDE, Sussex glaind glynde
GNOSALL, Staffs. â– nousal n6s31
GOATHURST, Som. â– gou0airst gdthurst
GOBOWEN, Shrops. gab>ouen 42 gobbden

GODMANCHESTER, Hunts. •gadman’tjestar gddmanchester
GODMERSHAM, Kent 'gadmarjam g6dmSrsh3.m
godrevy, Lighthouse, Cornwall gad’riivi godrdevy
golant, Cornwall gohaent golant
GOLCAR, Yorks. â– goukar gocir
goodnestone, Kent â– gudnestan goodneston
'gAnstan giinston
goosnargh, Lancs. 'guisnar g6osn£r
gorleston, Suffolk 'gairlstan gdrlston
GOSBERTON CLOUGH, LinCS. igazbartan •klau gdzbSrton clow
goswick, Northumb. •gazik gdzzick
GOTHAM, Notts. •goutam g6tam
goudhurst, Kent igaudhairst gdwdhurst
grace dieu, Leicest. *greis •djur grayce dew
greatham, Durham fgriitam greetam
great hautbois, Norfolk, See hautbois.
GREENHALGH, LanCS. â– griinhaelj' grdenhalsh
•grimhailf gr6enhawlsh
igrimhAf gr6enhuff
Greenwich, Kent lgrinid3 gnnnidge
igrinitj grinnich
'grenitj gr6nnich
greensilhaugh, Northumb. igriinsilhaif greensilhaaf
GREYSOUTHEN, Cumb. â– greisum graysoon
GREYSTOKE, Cumb. â– greistak griystock
greywell, Hants. 'grei'wel greyw611
igruial gr^well
GRIMSCAR, Yorks. â– graimzkair grymzcar
GRINDALE, Yorks. fgrindal grindal
grisdale, Westmor. igraizdeil gryzdayl
groby, Leicest. •groubi 43 grdby

GROOMBRIDGE, Sussex Igruim|brid3 gr6ombridge
grosmont, Yorks. â– groumant grdmont
â– grousmant grosmont
GROTON, Suffolk •graitan grawton
â– groutan grdton
grundisburgh, Suffolk •grAndzbara grundzburo
guisborough, Yorks. !gizbara gizburo
guiseley, Yorks. â– gaizli gyziy
guist, Norfolk gaist gyste
GUTTING, G1OS. 'gaitirj gyting
guldeford, Sussex 'gilfard gilford
gwinear, Cornwall â– gwiniar gwinneer
habrough, Lincs. â– heibara hayburo
HACEBY, Lincs. â– heisbi hayceby
haigh, Lancs. hei hay
haigh, Yorks. heig hayg
haighton, nr. Preston, Lancs. •haitan hyton
HALDON, Devon. lhaildan hawldon
halling, Kent >ho:lig hawling
HALLINGBURY, Essex â– haligbari hollingbury
ihailirjbari hawlingbury
HALNAKER, Sussex â– haenakar hannaker
halsall, Lancs. â– hailsal hawlsSll
halse, Northants. haels halse
hois hawce
HALSTEAD, Essex •haelsted halsted
halstead, Kent â– haelsted halsted
HALSTOCK, Dorset. â– hailstak hawlstock
HALSTOW, lower, Kent. â– haelstou halsto
HALTON HOLGATE, Lincs. â– hadtan 'houlgeit hawlton holgayt
. . . 'haligeit . . . holligayt

HALWELL, Devon. â– hselwel â– hoilwel h&lwell hawlwell
HALWILL, Devon. â– hselwil halwill
â– hoilwil hawlwill
HAMERINGHAM, LinCS. â– haemarigam hammeringam
happisburgh, Norfolk •heizbara hayzburo
HARDENHUISH, Wilts. â– haimij hamish
hardhaugh, Northumb. â– hairdhaif hardhaaf
HARDRES, Kent hairdz hards
hardwick woods, Northants. â– hairdwik 'wudz hardwick wOods
â– hairdik . . . hardick . . .
harehaugh, Northumb. â– hearhaif hairhaaf
HARESCEUGH, Cumb. â– hearskjuif hairskewf
HAREWOOD, Yorks. â– hairwud harwood
hargham, Norfolk â– hairfam harfam
harleston, Norfolk â– hairlstan harlston
HARRIETSHAM, Kent •haeriatjam harrietshilm
â– haerijam harrishSm
Hartlepool, Durham â– hairtlipuil hartlipool
HATCH BEAUCHAMP, Som. â– haetj â– biitj'am hatch beechAm
hathern, Leicest. â– haeiSaim hathern (th as in then)
HAUGH, Lincs. ha i haw
HAUGHAM, Kent â– hAfam huff&m
HAUGH AM, Lincs. â– haefam haffam
haughley, Suffolk â– hoili hawly
HAUGHMOND HILL, Shrops. â– haimand â– heimand . . . haymond . . .
haughton, nr. Manchester, â– haitan hawton
haughton-le-skerne, Durham â– hatan-la^skaim hawton-le-skum
haulgh, suburb of Bolton, haf hoff

HAUTBOIS, GREAT and LITTLE, â– hobis h6bbis
HAVANT, Hants. â– haevant hawint
HAVERHILL, Essex â– heivril h&yvrili
HAWARDEN â– hairdan harden
HAWKINGE, Kent ihoikind3 hawkinje
HAWORTH, Yorks. â– hauarO hbworth
â– hoiarO haworth
HAWRIDGE, Bucks. â– haerid3 harridge
heacham, Norfolk â– hetfam h6tcham
â– hiltjam heetcham
heage, Derby. hiid3 heedge
HEALAUGH, Yorks. â– hiila heeia.
heanor, Derby. â– hi mar heenor
â– heinar haynor
HEANTON PUNCHARDON, Devon. â– hentan hdnton
â– pAnfardan punchirdon
â– heintan . . . haynton . . .
heather, Leicest. ■hiiSar h£ether (th as i then)
heathpool, Northumb. â– he6puil hethpool
HEBRON, also spelt HEBBURN, â– hebaim hebbum
HECKMONDWIKE, Yorks. â– hekmandwaik heckmondwyke
hedgehope, Northumb. â– hed3Ap hddjop
HEDNESFORD, Staffs. â– hensfard hensford
â– hed3fard h6dgefdrd
HEDON, Yorks. â– hedan hdddon
HEIGHINGTON, Lines. hePiijtan hayington
HELLINGLY, Sussex helirplai hellinglye
helhoughton, Norfolk hePhoutan helhdton
hePhautan helhdwton
HEMINGBROUGH, Yorks. â– hemirjbrAf 46 hdmmingbruff

hepburn, Northumb. â– hebarm hdbburn
hergest, Ridge, Heref. â– hairgest hurgest (g as g^)
•hairgest hugest (g as g^)
HERSTMONCEUX, Sussex hairstmanisui hurstmonsoo
Hertford, Herts. â– hairfard harford
hesleden, Durham â– hesldan hdssleden
HESSLE, Yorks. â– hesl hassle
â– hezl hdzzle
HETHEL, Norfolk ■hi:0al h£ethel
â– he0al hdthel
HEYDON, Norfolk â– heidan haydon
HEYROD, Ches. â– herad hdrrod
HEYSHAM, Lancs. â– hiijam heesham
â– hiisam hdesam
heythrop, The Hunt, Oxford. •hiiOrap heethrop
higham, Kent â– haiam hySm
high am, nr. Bury St. Edmunds, •haiam hyam
Suffolk â– higam hfggarn
higham, nr. Colchester, Suffolk â– haiam hy&m
â– higam hfggam
HIGHAM, Yorks. â– haiam hyam
â– hikam hickcim
higham ferrers, Northants. â– haiam herarz hyam ferrers
higham’s park, Essex ■haiamz ■pairk hyam’s park
HIGH HALDEN, Kent â– hai â– haildan hye hawlden
HINDLEY, Lancs. â– hindli hfndly
HINDLIP, Worcs. â– hindlip hfndlip
HOATHLY, EAST and WEST, houOQai hothlye
Sussex •hou01i hothly
HOGHTON, Lancs. â– hoitan hawton
HOGHTON TOWERS, Lancs. â– haitan itauarz hawton tdwers
â– houtan . . . 47 hOton . . .

holborn, London â– houbarn hoborn
HOLCOMBE BURNELL, Devon â– houkam >bairnel hOkom burnell
holcombe rogus, Devon â– houkam â– rouges hokom rogus
HOLKER, Lancs. â– houka hoker
â– houlka hdlker
hollesley, Suffolk â– houzli hozly
holne, Devon. houn hone
HOLTON, Suffolk â– haltan holton
houltan holton
holton-cum-beckering, Lincs. â– houltan-kAm- holton-cum-
â– bekarig beckering
HOLTYE, Sussex houbtai holtye
holybourne, Hants. â– haliboim hollybourn
HOLYWELL, Som. â– haliwel hollywell
holywell row, Suffolk 'haliwel 'rou hollywell ro
homersfield, Suffolk â– hamarzfiild hommersfeeld
â– hAmarzfiild hummersfeeld
HONING, Norfolk â– hounirj honing
honingham, Norfolk •hAnigam hunningSm
honiton, Devon. •hAnitan hunniton
â– hanitan honniton
HOOE, Sussex hui hoo
HOO ST. WERBURGH, Kent â– hui sant hoo saint
â– wairbairg wurburg
HOOTON PAGNELL, Yorks. â– hAtan 'paenal hutton pannell
hopwas, Staffs. â– hapwas hopwas
â– hapas hoppas
horham, Suffolk â– haram h6rr3.m
HORSEYE, Sussex hairs'ai horsye
HORSHAM, Sussex â– hairjam h6rsham
horsmonden, Kent ha:rzman'den horzmonden
HORSTED KEYNES, Sussex â– harrsted â– keinz hdrsted kayns
horwich, Lancs. â– haritj horrich
â– harid3 horridge
hothfield, Kent â– haOfiild hdthfeeld

hoton, Leicest. â– houton h6ton
HOUGHAM, Kent â– liAfom huff&m
HOUGH GREEN, Ches. •hAf ■grim huff green
HOUGH-ON-THE-HILL, Lincs. â– JiAf-on-tio-'hil huff-on-the-hill
â– hof . . . h6ff . . .
HOUGHTON, Hants. â– houton hoton
â– hauton h6wton
HOUGHTON, Hunts. â– houton h6ton
houghton, nr. Winwick, Lancs, 'hoitan hawton
â– hauton h6wton
houghton, Norfolk â– hauton h6wton
â– houton hoton
HOUGHTON, GREAT and LITTLE, Northants. â– houton hdton
HOUGHTON BRIDGE, Sussex â– houton 'brid3 h6ton bridge
â– hauton . . . hdwton . . .
houghton-le-side, Durham â– hauton-lo-isaid hdwton-le-sfde
houghton-le-spring, Durham â– houton-lo-^sprir) hoton-le-spring
HOVETON, Norfolk â– hof ton h6fton
â– liAfton hufton
â– hovoton hdwStSn
hovingham, Yorks. â– hovirjom howingam
â– hoviggom hdwinggam
howick, Northumb. â– houik h6ick
HOWLEY, Som. â– houli h61y
HOWSHAM, Lincs. â– haujom h6wsham
â– hau3om howzham
â– hauzom hdwzam
HOXNE, Suffolk â– hokson hdxen
HUGGATE, Yorks. 'hAgot huggilt
hugill, Westmor. â– hjuigil hewgill
huish, Devon. â– hjuiif hewish
HULLAVINGTON, Wilts. hAliaevigton hullawington
â– hAligton hullington
D 49

hulme, Lancs.
HULME, Staffs.
humshaugh, Northumb.
Hunstanton, Norfolk
â– hAmzhaif
â– liAnslet
â– hAnstan
HUTHWAITE, Notts. *liA0weit huthwayt
â– hjuiQweit hdwthwayt
HUTTON BUSHEL, also Spelt â– hAtan ibujal hutton bdoshel
buscal, Yorks.
huyton, nr. Knowsley, Liver- â– haitan hyton
pool, Lancs.
ICKLESHAM, Sussex ICOMB, Glos. ide, Devon. ■iklfam •ikam iid fcklesham ickom eed
iden, Sussex 'aidan iden
idle, Yorks. laidl idle
idridgehay, Derby. faidridshei idridgehay
•iftasei ithersay {th as in then)
ifield, Kent â– aifiild ffeeld
IFORD, Sussex â– aifard fford
IGHTHAM, Kent â– aitam itam
iken, Suffolk â– aikan fken
ilkeston, Derby. â– ilkestan ilkeston
illogan, Cornwall i'lAgan illuggan
ILMER, also spelt ILLMIRE, Bucks. 'ilmar ilmer
INGOLDMELLS, LinCS. â– iggomelz inggomels
ipplepen, Devon. â– iplpen 50 ipplepen

irby, Lincs.
•airlamz o l<5ait
urlSms o’ th’ite
irlams o’ th’ height, Lancs.
IRNHAM, Lincs. •airnam
isel, Cumb. â– aisal
isham, nr. Kettering, Northants, ■aij’am
isis, River, Oxford. •aisis
isleham, Cambs. â– aizlam
ISLEWORTH, Midd. â– aizlwairO
islip, Northants. â– aislip
islip, Oxford. â– aislip
ivington, Heref. â– ivigtan
iwade, Kent â– ahweid
iwerne, Dorset. â– juiaim
kearsney, Kent
KEISBY, Lincs.
KELYNACK, Cornwall
kenidjack, Cornwall
keresley, Warwick.
kesteven, Lincs.
keswick, Cumb.
keswick, Norfolk
â– kairzni
â– kirOli
â– keizbi
â– kemsi
â– kemzi
ken â– airdig tan
â– kenik
â– kairzli
â– kesik
â– kezik

KETTON, also Spelt KEDINGTON, â– ketan ketton
KEYMER, Sussex â– kiimar kdemer
•kaimar kymer
KEYNSHAM, Som. â– keinfam kaynshiim
KILBOURNE, also Spelt KILBURN, Derby. â– kilbaim kflbum
king’s caple, Heref. ■kirjz ■keipl king’s cayple
KINGSKERSWELL, Devon. â– kir^kairzwel kingzkurzwell
KINGSNYMPTON, Devon. •kirjz’nimtan kingznimton
kingsteignton, Devon. â– kirjz'teintan kingztaynton
KINGSTON BAGPUIZE, also Spelt •kirjstan kfngston
BAGPUZE, Oxford. â– baegpjuiz bagpews
Kingston blount, Oxford. â– kigstan â– biAnt kingston blunt
kingswear, Devon. â– kigzwiar kingzweer
kingswinford, Staffs. â– kigswinfard king-swinford
KINOULTON, Notts. kin>aultan kinndwltdn
kinwarton, Warwick. •kinartan kinnerton
•kinwartan kinwerton
kirby bedon, Norfolk •kairbi ■biidan kurby bdedon
KIRKBY, Lancs. â– kairbi kurby
kirkBy lonsdale, Westmor. •kairbi ilanzdeil kurby lonzdayl
KIRKBY MALZEARD, Yorks. •kairbi •maelzard L kurby malzard
KIRKBY MOORSIDE, Yorks. â– kairbi â– muar- said kurby mdorside
KIRKBY STEPHEN, Westmor. â– kairbi â– stiivn kurby stdeven
kirkhaugh, Northumb. â– kairkhaif kurkhaaf
â– kairkhai kurkhaw
KIVETON, Yorks. •kivitan kiwiton
KNAITH, Lincs. neiS nayth (t as i then}
neiQ nayth
KNIGHTON, Isle of Wight •knaitan knyton
ka'naitan 52 ken^ton

kniveton, Derby. •naivtan nyvton
•niftan niftbn
knowesgate, Northumb. â– nauzgeit nowzgayt
knowsley, Lancs. â– nouzli nozly
kuggar, nr. Ruan Minor, •kAgar kuggar
Cornwall â– kigar kfggir
ladock, Cornwall daedak laddock
LAMAS, also spelt LAMMAS, Norfolk daemas lammas
lamerton, Devon. daemartan lammerton
lamorbey, Kent daemarbi lammerby
lamorran, Cornwall lae'moran lamorrin
LAMPLUGH, Cumb. daemplui lamploo
daempla lampla
landewednack, Cornwall laendi'wednak landiwednack
LANERCOST, Cumb. daenarkost lannercost
LANGBAURGH, also Spelt LANG- BARUGH, Yorks. daegbairf langbarf
lanhydrock, Cornwall laen'haidrak lanhydrock
lanivet, Cornwall laendvet lannfvvet
lanreth, Cornwall laen'reO lanreth
lanteglos, Cornwall laenheglos lanteglos
laen'teiglos lantayglos
LATHOM, Lancs. deiSam laytham (th as in then}
laugherne, Brook and House, Worcs. laim lawrn
laughton, Leicest. doitan lawton
laughton, Lincs. doitan lawton
laughton, Yorks. doitan 53 lawton

Launceston, Cornwall •lainstan laanston
•la insan laanson
•loinsan lawnson
LAVANT, Sussex •laevant lawant
LAVEN DON, also Spelt •laevandan lawendon
LAUNDON, Bucks. *lo indan lawndon
lavenham, Suffolk •laevanam lawenSm
lawhitton, Cornwall loJhwitan law-whitton
lai'hwitan laa-whftton
LEADENHAM, Lincs. •ledanam leddenam
Leamington, Warwick. â– lemigtan ldmmington
LEASOWE, Ches. •liisou l£eso
LECHLADE, G1OS. •letjleid letchlayd
leigh, Dorset. lai lye
LEIGH, Essex Hi lee
leigh, Kent lai lye
leigh, Lancs. lii lee
leigh, Surrey lai lye
LEIGH COURT, WorCS. •lai ■koirt lye cdurt
LEIGH-DE-LA-MERE, Wilts. •lii-da-la-’miar lee-de-la-mder
•lai . . . lye. . .
LEIGH GREEN, Kent ■lii •griin l£e gr£en
LEIGH-ON-MENDIP, Som. •lai-on-•mendip lye-on-m£ndip
•lii . . . 16e . . .
LEIGH SINTON, WorCS. •lai •sintan lye sinton
LEIGHTON, Ches. •leiton layton
•leton letton
LEINTWARDINE, Shrops. •lentwordain lentw3,rdyne
•lentwordiin lentw&rdeen
•laentardiin lanterdeen
leire, Leicest. lior leer
lear lair
LEISTON, Suffolk •leistan 54 layston

LELANT, Cornwall le'laent lellcint
Leominster, Heref. •lemstor lemster
lesnewth, Cornwall lez^njuiQ lezndwth
leven, River, Westmor. •lirvon leeven
â– levan levven
levens, Westmor. •levonz levvens
leverton, Lincs. •levartan levverton
lewannick, Cornwall le^wonik lewdnnick
LEWES, Sussex •luiis looiss
•luiiz ldoiz
LEYCETT, Staffs. •liiset leeset
•laiset lyset
LEYSDOWN, Kent â– leizdaun layzdown
lezant, Cornwall le'zaent lezant
LEZIATE, Norfolk •leziot leziat
•ledjat lddget
LILLESHALL, ShrOpS. •lilifol lillishall
linhope, Northumb. •linop linnop
liskeard, Cornwall â– liskaird h'skard
LITTLE FROME, Som. •litl hruim little froom
little hautbois, Norfolk. See hautbois.
LONGHAM, Dorset. •log •haem ldngham
longhoughton, Northumb. •log^hautan long hdwton
. . . •houton . . . hdton
looe, Cornwall lu: loo
loose, Kent luiz looz
LOOSLEY ROW, Bucks. •luizli hou ldozly rd
lostwithiel, Cornwall lost^wiOiol lostwithiel
Loughborough, Leicest. •lAfbara luffburo
loughrigg, Westmor. •lAfrig luffrig
LOUGHTON, Bucks. •lauton lowton
LOUGHTON, Essex •lauton ldwton
louth, Lincs. lau6 55 lowth

lower halstow, Kent. See halstow, lower.
lowesby, Leicest. 'louzbi 16zby
Lowestoft, Suffolk â– loustaft ldstoft
â– loustaf lostoff
LOWESWATER, Cumb. •louzwoitar lozwawter
lowick, Lancs. â– louik loick
lowick, Northants. â– louik loick
lowick, Northumb. â– louik loick
â– lauik ldwick
lowther, Westmor. â– lauiSar lowther (th as in then)
lozells, Warwick. lo'zelz lozells
lubenham, Leicest. â– lAbanam
luccombe, Som. llAkam luckom
LUDGERSHALL, Wilts. â– lAdgarJal ludgursh311
â– lAgarJal luggurshall
ludgvan, Cornwall •lAdjan ludjan
luton, Beds. â– luitan looton
luxulyan, Cornwall Lddsiljan luksfllian
lAk>SAljan luksullian
lyghe, Kent. See leigh.
lyme regis, Dorset. â– laim hiidgis lyme reejis
lyminge, Kent >limind3 hmminje
â– laimind3 lyminje
lymm, Lancs. lim Hmm
lympne, Kent lim limm
lynher, River, Cornwall â– lainar loftier
lyth, Westmor. lai0 lyth
LYTHAM, Lancs. â– liftam lftham (th as in
MADELEY, Shrops. â– meidli maydly
madron, Cornwall â– maedran 56 madron

MAER, Staffs. meer mair
MAGHULL, Lancs. ma*gAl magull
malborough, Devon. 1 mo :1b ar a mawlburo
malden, Surrey â– moildan mawlden
MALDON, Essex •moildan mawldon
MALLING, Kent â– mo ilirj mawling
mallow ghyll, Durham •maelou >gil mallo gill
MALMESBURY, Wilts. •maimzbari maamsbury
malpas, Cornwall •moupas mSpas
MALPAS, Ches. imodpas maulpSs
â– maelpas malpSs
â– moipas mawpas
MALVERN, Worcs. â– madvam mawlvem
â– maivam mawvem
mane A, Cambs. •meini mayny
manaccan, Cornwall ma'naekan mSnackin
MANATON, Devon. •maenatan mannSton
mansergh, Westmor. >maenzar manzer
MAPLETON, Kent â– meipltan maypieton
•msepltan mappieton
mar azion, Cornwall maera>zaian marrazyon
MARDEN, Kent mair1 den marden
MAREHAM, Lines. â– mearam mair am
MARHAM, Norfolk â– maeram marram
marholm, Northants. â– maeram marrom
MARKET WEIGHTON, Yorks. â– mairket 1 widen market weeton
MARKLYE, Sussex mairkdai marklye
markshall, Norfolk â– mairkshoil marks-hawl
â– mairksal marksSll
MARLBOROUGH, Wilts. â– mairlbara mdrlburo
marsh baldon, Oxford. â– mairj â– baildan marsh bawldon
martham, Norfolk â– mair 0am martham
MARTLESHAM, Suffolk â– mairtljam martleshSm

mary tavy, Devon. •meari Ifeivi mairy tciyvy
masbrough, Yorks. •maezbara mazburo
MASHAM, Yorks. •maesam mcissam
MAUGERSBURY, Glos. •maizbari mawzbury
MAUGHENBY, Cumb. •maefanbi maffenby
ma yon, also spelt mean, Corn- wall mein main
MEAFORD, Staffs. •mefard m6fford
meavy, Devon. •miivi meevy
MEIR, Staffs. miar meer
melingey, Cornwall medindsi mellmjy
MELTON MOWBRAY, Leicest. ■meltan •moubrei melton m6bray
MENHENIOT, Cornwall men>heniat menhenniot
MEOLE BRACE, Shrops. •mill •breis meel brayce
meols, Ches. mels melee
meols, Lancs. miilz meels
MEOPHAM, Kent •mepam meppam
mepal, Cambs. •miipal mdepal
mere vale, Leicest. •merival merrival
mereworth, Kent •meriwairO merriworth
mesh aw, Devon. •mejoi meshaw
mevagissey, Cornwall meva'gisi mevvagissy
meva'gizi mevvagfzzy
MIDDLEWICH, Ches. •midiwitJ middlewich
MILDENHALL, also Spelt MINAL, •mildanhoil mildenhawl
Wilts. •mainail mynawl
MILLWALL, Essex •miUwail millwall
•milwal millw5.ll
miningsby, Lincs. •miniijzbi minningsby
minster lovell, Oxford. •minster 'IavqI minster luvvell
MISERDEN, Glos. â– maizardan myzerden
•misardan 58 misserden

molash, Kent ,moul3ej' mdlash
monewden, Suffolk •manaden m6nnaden
mongeham, Kent •mAndgam munjiim
mongewell, Oxford. •mAndgwel munjwell
MONKTON, Devon. â– mAgktan munkton
morebath, Devon. •moirbcuO m6rebaath
moreleigh, Devon. â– moirli mdrely
MORESBY, Cumb. â– marisbi mdrrisby
morpeth, Northumb. •mo:rpeO mdrpeth
mortehoe, Devon. ’mairthou m6rt-ho
MOULSOE, Bucks. â– moulsou mOlso
MOULTON, Lincs. ’moultan mOlton
MOULTON EAUGATE, Lincs. •moultan 'iigeit mdlton eegayt
mow cop, Staffs. >mau >kap m6w cop
mowsley, Leicest. â– mauzli m6wzly
â– mouzli mozly
MUDEFORD, also spelt MUDDI- ford, Hants. imAdifard muddiford
MUNGRISDALE, Cumb. mAn>graizdeil mungryzdayl
muston, Leicest. â– mAstan muston
^Asan musson
myerscough, Lancs. •maiarskou myersko
MYTHOLM, Yorks. â– maitiam mythom {th as in then)
MYTHOLMROYD, Yorks. •maiSamroid N mythomroyd {th as in then)
NANCLEDREA, Cornwall naen'kledra nancleddra
NANTWICH, Ches. â– naentwitj nantwich
nanjizal, Bay, Cornwall naen^izal nanjizzal
NAVENBY, Lincs. !neivanbi nayvenby
nene, River, Northants. nen nen
newbrough, Northumb. â– njuibrAf 59 newbruff

Newcastle, Northumb. •njuikaisl njudkaesl n^wcaasle newcassle
NEWLAND, G1OS. njuidaend newland
newquay, Cornwall >njuikii newkee
NEWSOME, Yorks. â– njuizam newzom
newton reigny, Cumb. injuitan heini newton rayny
NEWTON ST. LOE, Som. >njuitan sant >lou newton saint lb
. . . Hui . . . 16o
nidon, Som. Maidan nydon
niton, Isle of Wight â– naitan njfton
norham, Northumb. â– naram nbrram
NORMANTON, Yorks. •nairmantan nbrmantbn
NORTHAM, Devon •nair'Sam nbrthlm (th as in then)
northleigh, nr. Goodleigh, â– nairOlii northlee
Barnstaple, Devon. •nairlii norlee
northleigh, nr. Colyton, Devon. •nair61i: northlee
north leigh, Oxford. ■nairO hir nbrth l£e
NORTHOLME, Lines. â– nairOoum nbrthome
NORTHSCEUGH, Cumb. >nair0skjuif northskewf
north walsham, Norfolk. See walsham, north.
northwich, Ches. •noir 6 wit J n6rthwich
NORTON HAWKFIELD, also Spelt â– nairtan ndrton
HAUTEVILLE, Som. ihaikfiild hawkfeeld
Norwich, Norfolk *narid3 nbrridge
NOWTON, Suffolk â– noutan nbton
nuneham courtenay, Oxford. •njuinam newnam
^oirtni cburtny
nunwick, Northumb. â– nAnik nunnick
NUTHALL, also Spelt NUTTALL, â– nAtal nutt&ll
â– nimet 'rouland mmmet r613.nd

oakenclough, Lancs. â– oukankljux
•oukanklau ■oukanklAf
OATH, Som. oui5
ocle-pychard, Heref. â– oukl-1 pit Jord
odiham, Hants. •oudiam
OFFHAM, Sussex ■oufam •afam
ogwell, Devon. â– ougwel
OLANTIGH, Kent â– alanti
OLNEY, Bucks. ■ouni •alni
onchan, Isle of Man â– agkan
ONECOTE, Staffs. •ankat
orleton, Heref. loirltan
osbaston, Leicest. â– azbastan
osney, Oxford. 'ouzni
ospringe, Kent losprind3
OSWESTRY, Shrops. •azwes tri
otham, Kent •atam
OTLEY CHEVIN, Yorks. â– atli â– J'evin . . . â– J'ivin
OTTINGE, Kent â– atindj
OUGHTERSIDE, Cumb. â– autarsaid
OUGHTIBRIDGE, Yorks. •uitibrid3 ,autibrid3 •aitibrid3 loutibrid3
OUGHTRINGTON, Ches. •uxtrigtan
OULTON, Suffolk •oultan
oulton, Yorks. •oultan
oundle, Northants. laundl 61
oth {th as in then)
6tly shewin
. . . shfvvin

ousden, or owsden, Suffolk
overton, Hants.
OVING, Bucks.
OVING, Sussex
ovingham, Northumb.
owermoigne, Dorset.
owler bar, Yorks.
owmby, Lincs.
owslebury, Hants.
â– auzdan dwzden
â– avandan dvvenden
•ouvartan overton
â– a vartan dwerton
•ouvirj dving
*ouvig oving
>u:vig ooving
lavind3am dvvinjilm
â– ouvigtan ovington
â– avigtan dvvington
■ouar’main 6erm6in
•auarzbi dwersby
â– aular 'bair dwler bar
•aulartan dwlerton
â– oumbi dmby
•Aslbari usslebury
>Azlbari uzzlebury
padiham, Lancs. â– paediam p&ddiSm
PAINSHAW, also Spelt PENSHAW, Durham 'penfai penshaw
PALLING, Norfolk 'pa dig pawling
PANTEG, Mon. paen'teig pantayg
PARHAM, Suffolk •paeram parrSm
paulerspury, Northants. 'padarzpari pawlerzpury
pelaw, Durham •pidai prelaw
pelynt, Cornwall pe'lint pelint
plint plint
pencoys, Cornwall pen'kaiz pencdys
pen deen, Cornwall pen'diin pendden
PENDOMER, Som. pen'doumar penddmer
pendray, Cornwall pen'drei 62 pendray

pengegon, Cornwall pen!gegan peng6gg5.n
pengersick, Cornwall pen'gairsik pengursick
penrith, Cumb. ^enriO penrith
penryn, Cornwall pen'rin penrin
PENSELWOOD, Som. ■pen^elwud p£ns£lwood
pentewan, Cornwall pen'tjuian pentewan
PENTON, Cumb. penhan pent6n
penzance, Cornwall pen^aens penzance
peover, Ches. â– piivar peever
peper harow, Surrey â– pepar >haerou pepper harrow
perranporth, Cornwall peran^oirQ perranporth
PERRANUTHNOE, Cornwall peran^uiQnou perrany6wthno
PERRANZABULOE, Cornwall peranizaebjulou perr3.nzabewlo
peter tavy, Devon. •piitar PETHAM, Kent •petam pettam
petrockstow, Devon >petrakstou petrocksto
PEWSEY, Wilts. •pjuizi p6wzy
PHILLEIGH, also Spelt FILLEY, Cornwall ifili filly
plaistow, Essex â– plarstou plaasto
â– plaestou piasto
PLAITFORD, Wilts. •pleitfard playtford
pleasington, Lancs. â– plezigtan plezzington
pleasley, Derby. â– plezli pldzly
plymtree, Devon. â– plimtrir plimtree
poldhu, Cornwall pahdjui poldew
POLEGATE, Sussex poul>geit pOlgayt
â– poulgeit polgayt
polperro, Cornwall pal*perou polp6rro
POLTIMORE, Devon. ^oultimojr pdltimore
polzeath, Cornwall pal'ze0 polzdth
PONSONBY, Cumb. ipAnsanbi puncenby
ipansanbi 63 pdncenby

ponteland, Northumb.
pontrilas, Heref.
porthoustock, Cornwall
portreath, Cornwall
potter heigham, Norfolk
poughill, Cornwall
poughill, Devon.
poulner, Hants.
powburn, Northumb.
powick, Worcs.
prah sands, Cornwall
predannack, Cornwall
prendwick, Northumb.
presteign, Radnor.
Prestwick, Northumb.
prideaux, Cornwall
prudhoe, Northumb.
pudsey, Yorks.
ponthiland ponteelilnd
pont1 eland pontell&nd
â– pantnj^WAniS pdntnewunnith (th as in then)
pant’railas pontrylas
poirQ'austak porthowstock
â– praustak prdwstock
poirthiiO portreeth
â– poustkam pOstcom
â– pata^heiam potter hayam
. . . 'haiam . . .hyam
. . . â– haem ...ham
â– patarzpari potterzpury
â– pafil pdffill
â– pAfil puffill
â– pauil p6will
â– paunar pdwner
â– paulnar p6wlner
â– pouljat polshot
â– puiltan la haild poolton le fylde
â– poubaim pdbum
â– pouik pdick
â– prei â– saendz pray sands
â– predanaek preddanack
â– prednaek prednack
â– prendik prendick
pres him presteen
â– prestik prestick
â– pridaks priddox
â– prAdou pruddo
â– prAdhou pruddho
â– pruidou proodo
â– pAdsi 64 pudsy

puncknowle, Dorset. â– pAnal punnel
PYECOMBE, Sussex â– paikuim pycoom
PYLLE, Som. pil pill
pail pyle
pyrford, Surrey â– pairfard purford
pytchley, Northants. â– paitjli pychly
quadring, Lincs. â– kweidrii] kwaydring
quarndon, Derby. â– kwaimdan kworndon
QUEMERFORD, Wilts. â– kAmarfard kummerford
quernmore, Lancs. â– kwairmar kwormer
â– kwairmar kwarmer
quethiock, Cornwall â– kweftik kwethick {th as in then)
â– kwiiSik kwithick {th as in then)
quy, Cambs. kwai kwye
ratcheugh, Northumb.
rea, River, Warwick.
reculver, Kent
redenhall, Norfolk
redheugh, Durham
redruth, Cornwall
REEPHAM, Norfolk
â– raetjaf
•raiftan >hed
â– raftan . . .
â– reivandeil
â– redhjuif
â– riifam
â– riifam
â– renik
â– renwik
raafton hdd
rofton . . .

restronguet creek, Cornwall re'stranqet ikriik restr6nget creek
(g as in get)
revesby, Lincs. â– riivzbi reevzby
reymerston, Norfolk â– remars tan remmerston
RHYMNEY, Mon. â– rAmni rumny
RIEVAULX, Yorks. â– ri:vou reevo
â–  ri vaz rfwaz
RIMINGTON, Lancs. â– rimigtan rimmington
RIVELIN, Yorks. â– rivalin riwelin
roanhead, Lancs. â– ranhed ronhed
â– rounhed rdnhed
ROCESTER, Staffs. â– roustar roster
rockbeare, Devon. â– rakbiar rockbeer
â– rakbar rockber
RODMERSHAM, Kent â– radmarjam rodmershcim
rollesby, Norfolk â– roulzbi rOlzby
rolleston, Leicest. â– roulstan rolston
rolleston, Staffs. â– roulstan rOlston
rolvenden, Kent â– ralvandan rolvenden
ROMNEY, Kent â– rAmni rumny
romsey, Hants. â– rAmzi rumzy
roos, Yorks. ruis rooce
rosherville, Kent â– roujarvil rdsherville
â– razarvil rozzerville
rothbury, Northumb. â– raObari rothbury
ROTHLEY, Leicest. â– rouQli rdthly
ROTHWELL, also Spelt ROWELL, â– raOwel rothwell
Northants. â– rouel rdell
ROUGHAM, Norfolk â– rAfam ruffam
ROUGHAM, Suffolk â– rAfam ruffam
roughdown, Hants. â– raudaun rowdown
ROUGHTON, Lincs. â– ruitan rooton
ROUGHTON, Norfolk â– rautan rowton
rough tor, Cornwall â– rau â– tair 66 row tor

rousdon, Devon.
rowell, Northants.
rowner, Hants.
rowsley, Derby.
rowston, Lincs.
rowton, Ches.
ruckinge, Kent
ruislip, Middx.
rushyford, Durham
ryhope, Durham
â– rouhedg
â– rouzli
â– rAzland
â– rAOweit
sacriston heugh, Durham
sadberge, Durham
saighton, Ches.
st. albans, Herts.
st. aubin, Jersey
st. buryan, Cornwall
ST. CHLOE, Glos.
•saekristan •hju
sant â– adbanz
sant >oubin
. . . â– aibin
sant â– brevalz
sant â– bArian
. . . â– berian
sant •klouii
:f sacristan hewf
saint awlbans
saint Obin
. . . awbin
saint brewels
saint burryan
. . . berryan
saint cloee

ST. CLOUD, Worcs. sant 'klui saint cloo
st. columb, Cornwall sant â– kAlam saint cullum
. . . â– kalam . . . collum
ST. ENDELLION, Cornwall sant en>deljan saint endellion
st. gennys, Cornwall sant â– genis saint gennis
. . . 'djenis . . . jennis
st. ive, Cornwall sant *i:v saint eev
st. keyne, Cornwall sant â– kein saint kayn
. . . â– kirn . . . keen
st. mabyn, Cornwall sant â– meibin saint maybin
st. mawes, Cornwall sant >maiz saint maws
ST. NEOTS, Hunts. sant >niits saint neets
. . . >niats . . . neeots
ST. OSYTH, Essex sant >ousi6 saint Osith
st. teath, Cornwall sant *te6 saint teth
st. weonards, Heref. sant >wenardz saint wennards
SALCOMBE, Devon. â– sadkam sawlcom
•solkam solcom
SALFORD, Lancs. â– salfard solford
SALKELD, Cumb. â– sadkeld sawlkeld
SALLE, Norfolk sad sawl
salmesbury, Lancs. â– saimzbari saamsbury
salmon by, Lincs. •ssemanbi sammonby
â– saelmanbi salmonby
saltash, Cornwall â– sadtaef sawltash
SALTFLEETBY, LinCS. â– sadtfliitbi sawltfleetby
â– salabi sollaby
samlesbury, Lancs. â– saemzbari samsbury
â– saimzbari saamsbury
SAMPFORD SPINEY, Devon. â– saemfard â– spaini samford spyny
SANDBACH, Ches. â– saendbaetj sandbatch
SARISBURY, Hants. >sa:rzbari sarsbury
â– searzbari sairsbury
SARRATT, Herts. â– saerat 68 sarrat

sarre, Kent sair sar
SAUGHALL, GREAT and LITTLE, â– saikl sawkle
SAVERNAKE, Wilts. >saev9maek savvemak
SAWBRIDGEWORTH, Herts. 'soibrid^worQ sawbridgeworth
â– saepswarO sapsworth
SCAFELL, Cumb. â– skadfel scawfell
SC ALB Y, Yorks. 'skoilbi scawlby
•skarbi scawby
scalford, Leicest. â– skailfard scawlford
â– skoifard scawford
scarisbrick, Lancs. â– skearzbrik scairsbrick
SC ARTHOE, Lincs. >ska:r8ou scartho
scholes, Yorks. skoulz scoles
scopwick, Lincs. â– skopwik scdpwick
SCOTHERN, Lincs. â– skoeaim scothem
scrafield, Lincs. â– skreifiild scrayfeeld
SCREVETON, Notts. •skrevitan screvviton
â– skriitan screeton
scrivelsby, Lincs. â– skrivlzbi scrivvelsby
â– skriilzbi screelsby
SEAFORD, Sussex siJfoird seeford
â– siifard seeford
seaton carew, Durham •siitan ka>ru: seeton caroo
seaton delaval, Northumb. *si:tan â– delavael seeton dellaval
SEAVILLE, Cumb. •sevil sewille
SEAVINGTON, Som. â– sevirjtan sevvington
SEBERGHAM, Cumb. is ebar am sebberam
SEDBERGH, Yorks. â– sedbar sedber
â– sedbara sedburo
sedbergh, School, Yorks. â– sedbairg sedburg
SEGHILL, also spelt SEDGEHILL, â– seghil seghill
seighford, Staffs. â– saifard syford

seisdon, Staffs. â– siizdan seesdon
SHALDEN, Hants. â– Joildan shawlden
â– Joldan sholden
SHALDON, Devon â– joildan shawldon
â– Jaldan sholdon
SHALFORD, Essex â– jaelfard shalford
shalford, Surrey 'Jselford shalford
shaugh prior, Devon. â– Joi 'praiar shaw pryor
SHEEPSCOMBE, Glos. •Jiipskam sheepscom
â– Jepskam shepscom
shelfanger, Norfolk ijelfaeggar shelfangger
SHEPTON BEAUCHAMP, Som. â– Jeptan â– birtjam shepton beecham
Sherborne, Dorset. â– Jairbam shurbom
SHIPBOURNE, Kent 1 jibaim shfbburn
SHIPDHAM, Norfolk â– jipdam shipdam
â– Jipam shippam
shippea, Cambs. 'Jipi shippy
SHREWSBURY, ShropS. •Jrouzbari shrowzbury
â– Jruizbari shroozbury
sidestrand, Norfolk 1 saids traend sydstrand
•saidastraend sydestrand
sidford, Devon. sid*foird sidford
sidmouth, Devon. â– sidmaQ sidmuth
SIDLESHAM, Sussex â– sidlsam siddlesam
SIMONSBATH, Som. â– simanzbaiQ simmonsbaath
simonstone, Lancs. 'simanstoun simmonston
siston common, Glos. See SYSTON.
SIZELAND, also Spelt SISLAND, Norfolk •saizland syzl&nd
sizergh, Westmor. â– saizar syzer
skelsmergh, Westmor. â– skelzmar skelsmer
'skelzmiar sk£lsmeer
SKELWITH, Lancs. â– skeliO skellith

SKEYTON, Norfolk 'skaitan skyton
SKINBURNESS, Cumb. skinbair'nes skinbumess
SLAITHWAITE, Yorks. â– slei0weit slaythwayt
*slae0weit slathwayt
'slouit sloit
â– slauit sldwit
SLAUGHAM, Sussex 'slaefam slaffam
'slaifam slaafam
SLEIGHTS, Yorks. slaits slytes
SLOUGH, Bucks. slau slow (rhymes with cow)
smalley, Derby. 'smoili smawly
SMARDEN, Kent smcur'den smarden
SMEETH, Kent smiiS smeeth (th as in then)
SMETHWICK, Staffs. •smeSik smethick (th as in then)
snabdough, Northumb. â– snaebdAf snabduff
SNEINTON, Notts. 'snentan sndnton
snettisham, Norfolk 'snetsam snetsam
'snetisam snettisam
'snetjam snetcham
SNEYD, Staffs. sniid sneed
solihull, Warwick. souli'hAl solihull
SOMERBY, Lincs. 'sAmarbi summerby
somercotes, Lincs. •sAmarkouts summercOtes
somerleyton, Suffolk 'sAmarleitan summerlayton
SOMERSBY, Lincs. â– sAmarzbi summerzby
SOMERSHAM, Hunts. 'sAmarJam summersham
sonning on Thames, Berks. •sAnig on 'temz sunning on terns
soulby, Cumb. 'soulbi solby
souter point, Durham 'suitar 'point sdoter pdint
SOUTHALL, Middx. 'sau0o:l southawl

south croxton, Leicest.
See croxton, south.
southery, Norfolk â– sA'Sari suthery (th as in then)
southleigh, Devon. â– sau6>lii southlee
â– saulii sowlee
SOUTHREY, Lincs. â– sA^ri suthry (th as in
SOUTHWELL, Notts. â– saSoI suthell (th as in
â– sauOal southed
SOUTHWICK, Sussex â– sau0wik south wick
SOWERBY BRIDGE, Yorks. â– sairbi lbrid3 sorby bridge
â– souarbi . . . soerby . . .
â– sauarbi . . . sowerby . . .
sowton, Devon. â– sautan sowton
SPALDING, Lincs. â– spaildig spawlding
SPARHAM, Norfolk â– spaeram sparram
SPARSHOLT, Hants. â– spairjoult spar-sholt
spital, Lincs. 1 spital spfttSl
spondon, Derby. â– spandan spdndon
â– spu indan spdondon
sproughton, Suffolk â– spraitan sprawton
stamfordham, Northumb. â– staemfardam stamfordam
â– staenartan stannerton
STANDEDGE, Yorks. â– staened3 stannedge
stanwick, Northants. â– staenik stannick
STANWICK ST. JOHN, Yorks. â– staenik sant stannick saint
â– d3an jon
stanwix, Cumb. â– staeniks stannix
stareton, Warwick. â– stairtan starton
stathern, Leicest. â– staethairn stat-hum
st award, Northumb. â– starward staaward
STEYNE, Middx. stiin steen
STEYNING, Sussex â– stenig 72 stenning

STISTED, Essex â– staisted stysted
stody, Norfolk â– st Adi studdy
STOGUMBER, Som. stou'gAmbar stogumber
â– stagambar stdggumber
STOGURSEY, also Spelt STOKE courcy, Som. stou'gairzi stogurzy
STOKE-IN-TEIGNHEAD, Devon. â– stouk-in- â– tinhed stdke-in-tinhed
stokenham, Devon. stoukan'haem stokenham
â– stoukanam stdkenam
stonar, Kent â– stanar stonnar
stone A, Cambs. â– stouni stdny
stonedge, Derby. â– stouned3 stonedge
â– staenedj stannedge
stoughton, Leicest. â– stoutan stoton
STOUGHTON, Sussex â– stoutan stoton
stour, River in Hants. stauar stower
stuar stoor
stour, River in Warwick. stauar stower
stouar stOer
stour, River in Worcs. stauar stower
stouar stoer
STOURBRIDGE, WorCS. >stouarbrid3 stderbridge
STOURHEAD, at STOURTON, •stauarhed stdwerhed
Wilts. â– stuarhed stdorhed
STOURPORT, Worcs. â– stauarpoirt stowerport
â– stuarpoirt stdorport
stour provost, also spelt stower, Dorset. â– stauar 'pro vast stower prowost
STOUR ROW, also spelt STOWER, Dorset. 'stauar *rou stower rd
STOURTON, Wilts. >sta:rtan sturton
â– stairtan stdrton

STOVEN, Suffolk 1 st a von stuwen
stowell, Som. â– stouol stdell
stoul stol
stowford, Devon. â– stouford stoford
stretton sugwas, Heref. â– streton >sAgos stretton suggas
STROUD, Glos. straud strowd
stroud, Hants. struid strood
straud strowd
STROXTON, Lincs. !stro:son strawson
•strouson strdson
strumpshaw, Norfolk â– str Am Jo strumshS.
styvichall, Warwick. â– staitjol stychall
•staihol styhall
sugwas, Heref. See stretton SUGWAS.
sutton courtenay, Berks. â– sAton 'koirtni sutton courtny
swaby, Lincs. !sweibi swayby
swaffham, Norfolk â– swofom swoffam
SWAFIELD, Norfolk â– sweifiild swayfeeld
swalcliffe, Oxford. •sweiklif swaycliff
swalwell, Durham â– swoilwel swawlwell
swanwick, Hants. iswonik swonnick
swardeston, Norfolk 'swoirston swawrston
swaton, Lincs. â– sweiton swayton
symondsbury, Dorset. â– simonzbori slmmonsbury
symond’s yat, Heref. ■simondz 1 jaet simmond’s yat
SYSTON, Glos. •saiston syston
â– saison syson
syston, Leicest. •saiston T syston
TALKIN, Cumb. •toikin tawkin
TARPORLEY, Ches. •tcurporli tarporly
•ta:rpli 74 tarply

TARRANT KEYNSTON, Dorset. •taerant ■keinstan tarrant kaynston
tatham, Lancs. â– teitam taytam
TATTERSHALL, LinCS. •taetarjal tattershall
TAUNTON, Som. â– ta intan tawnton
â– ta intan taanton
taverham, Norfolk â– teivaram tayveram
tavy, Devon. â– teivi tayvy
tebay, Westmor. •tiibei teebay
teigh, Rutland. ti: tee
teign, River, Devon. tin tin
tiin teen
TEIGNGRACE, Devon. â– tiingreis teengrayce
teignmouth, Devon. â– tinmaG tfnmuth
TELSCOMBE, Sussex â– telskam telscom
temple sowerby, Westmor. â– tempi 'sauarbi temple sdwerby
. . . â– soirbi . . . sorby
ter, River in Essex ta:r tar
TERLING, Essex â– tairlig tarling
â– tairlig turling
teston, Kent â– tiisan teeson
teynham, Kent â– tenam tennam
â– teinam taynam
THAME, Oxford. teim taym
THEYDON BOIS, Essex â– Geidan â– baiz theydon b6ys
thoresby, Lincs. â– Goirzbi thorzby
THORNHAM, also Spelt THURN- ham, Kent •Go imam thdm&m
THORNTON HOUGH, CheS. •Gaimtan >hAf thdmton huff
thorpe morieux, Suffolk â– 0airp mo^rjui thorp moryew
threckingham, also spelt â– Grekigam threckingam
THREEKINGHAM, LinCS. •Griikigam threekingam
THROUGHAM, G1OS. â– GrAfam thruffSm

th rowley, Kent ■Qrouli •6rauli thrdly throwly
THRYBERGH, Yorks. â– Qraibar thryber
â– Oraibara thryburo
THURGARTON, Notts. â– eairgairtan thurgarton
THURLOXTON, Som. Oairdokstan thurloxton
tideford, Cornwall •tidifard tiddiford
tideswell, Derby. •taidzwel tydzwell
â– tidzal tfdzell
TINTAGEL, Cornwall tinItaed3al tintadj el
TIVERTON, Devon. â– ti vartan tiwerton
todlawmoor, Northumb. â– tadldmuar todlimoor
todmorden, Lancs. â– tadmardan todmorden
TOLLESBURY, Essex •toulzbari tOlzbury
tonbridge, Kent â– tAnbridg tunbridge
ton ge, Leicest. tag tong
TONGE-CUM-BREIGHTMET, •tag-kAm- t6ng-cum-
Lancs. â– breitmet braytmet
. . . •braitmet . . . brytmet
toot baldon, Oxford. TOPPESFIELD, Essex â– tapisfidd toppisfeeld
â– tapsfidd topsfeeld
topsham, Devon. â– tapsam tdpsam
TORPENHOW, Cumb. tanSpena torpenno
tair'penou torpennO
tre!pena trepenno
TORQUAY, Devon. tair'ki: torkee
tosside, Yorks. Itasaid t6sside
â– tasid tdssid
•tasit tossit
totnes, Devon. tat'nes totness
•tatnes tdtness
tovil, Kent â– tavil towil

towcester, Northants. â– toustar
towednack, Cornwall to>wednak
tow law, Durham â– tau ho:
TREALES, Lancs. treilz
TREBARWITH, Cornwall tre'bcurwiO
TREDEGAR, Mon. tre'diigar
TREGAMINIAN, Cornwall â– trega'minjan
TREGANTHE, Cornwall tre'gsenQi
TREGAVETHAN, Cornwall â– trega'veOan
TREGESEAL, Cornwall â– tregi'sial â– tregi'siil
tregony, Cornwall â– tregani
tregrehan, Cornwall tre^grein
TRELEIGH, Cornwall trehei
trelugga, nr. Ruan Minor, Cornwall tre*liga
TRENANT, Cornwall treinaent
treneglos, Cornwall tre'neglas
treryn, Cornwall trim
trewoon, Cornwall â– truian
TROTTISCLIFFE, Kent â– trash â– tratisklif
TROWELL, Notts. â– traual â– troual
trowse, Norfolk â– trous
trusham, Devon. â– trAsam â– trisam
TRYSULL, Staffs. â– triisal â– tri:zal
TUDELEY, Kent â– tjuidli â– tu:dli
tudhoe, Durham â– tAdou
tunstall, Durham â– tAnstal
tow law

tunstall, Staffs.
tunstall, Suffolk
twizell, Northumb.
tyberton, Heref.
tynemouth, Northumb.
â– tAnstal
â– tibartan
â– tilzli
â– tainmaQ
UDIMORE, Sussex •juidimoir fAdimoir yewdimore uddimore
ULCEBY, Lincs. >Alsbi ulceby
>u:sbi doceby
ulgham, Northumb. >Afom uffam
up exe, Devon. >Apeks uppex
uplowman, Devon. ApQouman uploman
UP OTTERY, Devon. Ap1 atari uppdttery
urswick, Lancs. â– airzwik urzwick
â– airzik urzick
uttoxeter, Staffs. Atbksetar uttdxeter
juJtaksetar yewtdxeter
'Aksetar uxeter
'Akstar uxter
•Atjetar utcheter
very an, Cornwall

WADFORD, also Spelt WADEFORD, Som. Bodford wodford
WAGHEN, also spelt WAWNE, Yorks. worn wawn
WAKES COLNE, Essex â– weiks â– koun wayks c6ne
wallsend, Northumb. â– wodz'end wawlzend
WALSALL, Staffs. â– wolsal wawlsall
walsham, north, Norfolk •wodjam wawlsham
waltham, Leicest. â– wodtam wawltam
WALTHAM, Lincs. â– wo :10am wawltham
waltham, Abbey, Cross, Essex â– wo :10am wawltham
â– woiltam wawltam
WALTHAMSTOW, Essex â– woilOamstou wawlthamsto
walwick, Northumb. â– wolik wbllick
â– woilwik wawlwick
wark, on Tyne, Northumb. wo irk wawrk
warkleigh, Devon. â– woirkli wawrkly
WARLEGGAN, Cornwall woir'legan worldggan
warsash, Hants. â– woirsaej worsash
â– wo: rzaej worzash
WATH-ON-DEARNE, Yorks. â– woO-on-^da:!!! woth-on-dum
â– waeO . . . wath . . .
WEACOMBE, Som. â– wi:kam weecom
WE ARE GIFFARD, Devon. â– wiar >d3ifard weer jff fard
WEARNE, Som. weam wairn
wiam weem
wa:m wum
wednesbury, Staffs. â– wenzbari wenzbury
â– wed3bari wedgebury
WEDNESFIELD, Staffs. â– wensfi:ld wensfeeld
â– wed3fi:ld wedgefeeld
welnetham, Suffolk â– welnetam 79 welnetam

welwyn, Herts. •welin wellin
WENSLEY, Yorks. •wensli wencely
weobley, Heref. •webli webly
wesham, Lancs. •wesam wessam
west alvington, Devon. See alvington, west,
west anstey, Devon. See anstey.
west bromwich, Staffs. •west •bromitj w^st brommich
. . . lbrAmid3 . . . brummidge
. . . Ibromid3 . . . brommidge
. . . •brAmitJ . . . brummich
WESTON BAMPFYLDE, Som. •weston weston
â– baemfiild bamfeeld
weston favell, Northants. •weston •feivol weston fayveil
WESTWARD, Cumb. west'woird westward
WHALLEY, Lancs. •hwoili whawly
WHAPLODE, Lincs. â– hwoploud whoplode
wheatacre, Suffolk •hwitokor whfttaker
WHEATHAMPSTEAD, Herts. â– hwe toms ted whettamsted
•hwiitomsted wheetamsted
WHILIGH, Sussex •hwailai whylye
whissendine, Rutland â– hwisondain whis sendyne
WHITE COLNE, Essex â– hwait >koun white cine
Whittingham, Northumb. •hwitind3om whittinjam
whitwick, Leicest. •hwitik whittick
wibsey, Yorks. â– wipsi wipsy
â– wibsi wibsy
WICKHAMBREAUX, Kent •wikombru: wickambroo
wickham skeith, Suffolk •wikom ■skiiO wickam skeeth
WIDECOMBE, Devon. •widikom widdicom
WIGHTWICK, Staffs. •witik wittick
wilbarston, Northants. wihbcnrston wilbarston
Wilburton, Cambs. wil*boirton 80 wilburton

wilnecote, Warwick. 'wilnikat 'winkat wilnicot wincot
wilscot, also spelt williams- cote, Northants. â– wilskat wilscot
WILSTEAD, also Spelt WILSHAM- STEAD, Beds. 'wilsted wilsted
WINCANTON, Som. win'kaentan wincanton
WINEHAM, Sussex wain'haem wineham
winlaton, Durham win'leitan winlayton
'winletan winletton
WINSHAM, Som. 'winsam winsam
winwick, Hunts. 'winik winnick
win wick, Lancs. 'winik winnick
wisbech, Cambs. 'wizbiitf wizbeech
wiston, also spelt wissington, Suffolk 'wistan wiston
WISTON, Sussex 'wisan wisson
1 wistan wiston
WITHAM, Essex 'wit am wittam
WITHAM FRIARY, Som. 'witam 'fraiari wittam friary
'wiSam . . . witham ... (/A as in then)
WITHYCOMBE RALEIGH, Devon. 'wiSikam 'roili withicom rawly (th as in then)
WITHYHAM, Sussex wiSi'haem withiham (th as in then)
witton gilbert, Durham â– witan 'dgilbart witton jilbert
WIVELSFIELD, Sussex â– wivalzfidd wivvelzfield
WIVENHOE, also spelt WYVEN- hoe, Essex 'wivanhou wivvenho
WIVERTON, Notts. 'wai vartan wyverton
'wa:rtan wurton
woburn, Beds. 'wuibaim wdoburn
wolborough, Devon. â– wulbara woolburo
WOLLATON, Notts. 'wulatan 81 woolaton

wolsty, Cumb. â– wulsti â– wusti woolsty woosty
wolvercote, Oxford. â– wulvarkat woolvercot
wolviston, Durham â– wulvistan woolviston
wombwell, Yorks. •wumwel wdomwell
womenswold, Kent •wiminzwould wimminzwold
•wiimzwould weemzwold
wonersh, Surrey â– wanairf wdnnersh
woodnesborough, Kent •wudnezbara w6odnezburo
iwunzbara wdonzburo
•winzbara winzburo
woolsery, also spelt WOOL- â– wulzari wdolzery
Bideford, Devon.
woolwich, London â– wuhtf woolich
>wulid3 woolidge
WORBARROW BAY, Dorset. â– wairbaerou >bei wurbarro bay
WO RLE, Som. wairl wurl
wormelow, Heref. â– wairmilou wurmilo
worsley, Manchester, Lancs. â– wairsli wursly
WORSLEY MESNES, LanCS. â– wairsli â– meinz wursly mayns
WORSTEAD, Norfolk â– wusted woosted
worting, Hants. â– warrtig wurting
WOTTON-UNDER-EDGE, Glos. â– wutan-Andar- wooton-under-
>ed3 edge
!wutan *Andred3 w6oton undredge
WOUGHTON, Bucks. â– wuftan wdofton
wouldham, Kent â– wuldam wooldam
wrangaton, Devon. â– raeijatan rangaton
WREA GREEN, LanCS. â– rei â– griin ray green
WREAY, Cumb. ria reea
WREKIN, Shrops. â– riikin reekin
WRETHAM, Norfolk â– retam rettam
WROTHAM, Kent â– ruitam rootam
wrottesley, Staffs. â– ratsli 82 rdtsly

wroughton, Wilts. •raitan rawton
wyberton, Lincs. â– wibartan wibberton
wyche, The, Worcs. witj* witch
WYCOMBE, Bucks. â– wikam wfckom
WYMERING, Hants. â– wimarig wfmmering
wymondham, Leicest. â– waimandam wymondam
wymondham, Norfolk â– windam windam
â– wimandam wimmondam
WYRARDISBURY, Bucks. â– reizbari rayzbury
WYRLEY, GREAT, Staffs. â– wairli wurly
WYTHBURN, Cumb. â– waiftbaim wjfthbum (th as in then)
â– waibaim wybum
WYTHENSHAWE, LanCS. â– wiSenJoi withenshaw (th as in then)
wythop, Cumb. â– wiiSap wfthop (th as in then)
WYTON, Hunts. â– witan witton
wyvenhoe, Essex. See wivenhoe.
YALDING, Kent â– jorldig yawlding
YEALAND CONYERS, LanCS. â– j eland â– kanjarz yelland conyers
yealm, River, Devon. jelm yelm
ye almton, Devon. â– jaemtan yamton
YE ARBY, Yorks. â– jairbi yurby
YEATHOUSE, Cumb. â– jethaus yethouse
yeavering, Northumb. â– jevarig yewering
YEOLMBRIDGE, Cornwall â– joumbrid3 yOmbridge
YERLING, Essex â– jairlig yurling
YIELDEN, also Spelt YELDEN, Beds. â– jiildan yeelden
YNYSDDU, Mon. Anis'Sii unnisthde (th as
in then)

Published by the British Broadcasting Corporation, Savoy Hill, London, W.C.2
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[No. 428.]