Citation
Lessons in the Shanghai Dialect in romanized and character with key to pronunciation

Material Information

Title:
Lessons in the Shanghai Dialect in romanized and character with key to pronunciation
Creator:
Parker, R. A
Shanghai (China : International Settlement). Municipal Council
Place of Publication:
Shanghai
Publisher:
Shanghai. Municipal Council
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Chinese
Physical Description:
210, 44 p. ; 19.5 cm.

Subjects

Spatial Coverage:
Asia -- China -- Shanghai -- Shanghai
亞洲 -- 中國 -- 上海 -- 上海
亚洲 -- 中国 -- 上海 -- 上海
Coordinates:
31.228611 x 121.474722

Notes

General Note:
By Dr. R. A. Parker, Official translator and director of Chinese studies for the Shanghai Municipal Council.
General Note:
VIAF (name authority) : Shanghai (China : International Settlement). Municipal Council : URI http://viaf.org/viaf/126768281/

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Source Institution:
SOAS University of London
Holding Location:
SOAS, University of London
Rights Management:
This item is licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution, Non-Commercial License. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this work non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms.
Resource Identifier:
461522 ( ALEPH )
CC.495.17 /99241 ( SOAS classmark )

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Full Text
LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT
IN
ROMANIZED AND CHARACTER
WITH KEY TO PRONUNCIATION
BY
DR R- A. PARKER
OFFICIAL TRANSLATOR AND
DIRECTOR OF CHINESE STUDIES
for
THE SHANGHAI MUNICIPAL COUNCIL
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.


PREFACE.
The work of the preparation of the lessons in this book has
extended over a period of nearly four years, and the book would
have been issued nearly two' years earlier but for the fact that the
manuscript, which had been in course of preparation for nearly two
years, was stolen, and new manuscript had to be prepared.
The book is printed both in the Romanization and the charac-
ter, as the author is convinced, after many years of experience and
observation, that although the students progress may be slower
still it is greatly to his advantage to familiarize himself as much as
possible with the character, the eye assisting the ear, so tending to
a clearer pronunciation, also to a better retention of the sound.
The book is not intended for beginners and a use of it presup-
poses a previous study of Pott's Lessons, or some other book for
beginners.
As nothing human is perfect, so the author is sure that, in spite
of most painstaking effort, some errors and omissions will be found
in the book and he begs the indulgence of users of this book, and
he will also accept most gladly^ the constructive criticism whereby
the book may be improved if and when further editions may be
issued.
No foot notes in English are given, as the author has found
from experience in the use of a book of a similar character, which
has such foot notes, that they often prove misleading as they are
given in a very restricted form. However an extensive glossar3r
will be found in the back of the book with numbers corresponding
to the numbers of the chapters in the body of the book, giving" de-
finitions of the more difficult passages.
The author desires to offer grateful acknowledgment for the
very great assistance so freely rendered by Miss Z. T. Nyien in the
selection of characters, and to Dr. A. P. Parker for his painstaking
care in reading the proof.
While the book has been adopted by the Shanghai municipal
Council as a text book for their employees who enage in the official
study of the local dialect, the author indulges the hope that he
has hereb}'' made at least a small contribution to the all too scanty,
extant, literature in the local dialect, the one which most nearly ap-
proximates the language of the Wu Kingdom, of the time of the.
Three Kingdoms, which was the heyday of China's literary greit-
ness.
R. A. PARKER.
Shanghai, May, 1923.


KER TO THE PRONUNCIATION OF THE
ROMANIZATION USED IN THESE LESSONS.
The system used in these exercises is substantially the same as
is used in most of the books published in Romanized Shanghai
collcquial.
Most of the sounds are represented' by initial and final
syllables.
The Initials and Finals are classified under High and Low
Tones0
HIGH TONES.
The high pitched unaspirated tones are represented by the
letters, p, m,t, ts, I, n, ngny, k, ky, kw, i, and w.
ny has the sound of "ni" in spaniel.
ky is like Chin church without aspiration.
i in an initial is sounded like idahlia.
The aspirated tones are indicated in some cases by the use of
"h" placed after the initial letter or letters, as ph, th, tsh. kwh, Ch.
h, hy and hw are initial aspirates as is also "f."
th, is pronounced like th' in Thomas and not like thin
thing,
Ch is like Chin church.
hy is like fi in Portia.
The hafter an initial consonant or consonants always indi-
cates a strong" aspiration of the preceeding letters. In pronouncing
an aspirate there is always an expulsion of the breath which can be


II
easily felt on the hand if held before the mouth when speaking.
In the unaspirated tones there is not the slightest breath felt
on the hand.
LOW TONES.
Low tones are represented by the letters,-b, m, V, dz, Z, I, ny,
n99, j, gw, y, and W.
The initial vowel low tones are indicated by 6 before and
just above the vowel, and are,-6a, 'an, 6ah, 6aung, 6au, 'eh,
'eu, 'ok, 'oong, 00, 6oen, 'ting.
These are pronounced with a strong low voice as though it
came from the abdomen.
FINALS. .
The vowel endings are,-a, e, i0U, 00lli, iaiau, ieu, and ie.
The nasal endings are,-an, en, ien, oen. in which the final '*n"
is always a nasal and should be spoken as though talking through
the nose.
The sound of "anis alwa3rs like "a" in and.
The ngin ang. aungoong, ungand iang, has the sound
of ngin song.
Final hand "k" in the following-ah, ak, eh, ih, auh, ok,
oeh, uh, and iak, indicate that the vowel sound preceeding ends
very suddenly.
It should be borne in mind that the final "h" and khave
no sound but are used simply to indicate the abrupt ending of the
vowel sound.
This final halso indicates the sound of the preceeding vowel.
The sound ahis like ain at; ak' is like ain what; and
ehis like ein let.
VOWEL SOUNDS.
a has the sound of ain far, except when followed by hk


Ill
or nas indicated above.
e has the sound of ein prey, except when followed by
as indicated above.
i is like iin police except before "ng" when it has the
sound of "i" in sing"
au has the sound of "ail" in August
0 is like 0,in so.
00 is like 00'in too, except before 'fig when it has the
sound of .0in bone-
oe is like the German 0D
eu is Kke the French "eu" in "Monsieur."
U is like 00" in foot.
Ui is like <(ui" in fruit.
In ifl, ia, iau, and ie" we have the short sound of i" as in it.
The sounds of certain Chinese words are represented by conso-
nantsThese are, "ts, tsh, S, dz, m, ng, and r." .
In "tsh" the uh" indicates an aspirate and not an abrupt
ending sound.
The sound of m" is like mchasm,
ng has the sound of ngin hanger,
r is a sound approximating final 4 REMARKS
The high and low tones are virtually the same sound, differing
only in the pitch of the voice '
No system of Romanization perfectly represents the Chinese
sounds, and the student should get the sou rid from the Chinese tea-
cher, using the Romanization only as a sort of guide, otherwise he
will never acquire the proper tone and accent.




Lessons in The. Shanghai Dialect.
LESSON No. 1

LUNG ZOEN-BIEN KAUNG-KAENG.
4
(1) Ih-saung kwhan, liang-po tshau, san-tsah wen, s-pe tsieu

ng-wen van, lok-bung tshen, tshih kuh dan, pah-tsan tung

kyeu-kwhe pan, zeh kuh nyung.
i
(2) Di kuh siau-noen tsung-tsung tshau le ziang m-meh kvan^-
i
zung" kuh mo.
/
(3) Nong khoen i kuh nyung kuh ts chau-le kau-le' hau kwo-
K
yeu-bing, leh-la tah sa-nyung dong-chi 'a Choen-choen yi
,
veh ian zeh-ke, zing-zing kha-weh-ba.

(4) Ngoo kuh dong-'auh kuh bih-tsien-laung, yeu ih kuh hwo-

vung. Ngoo mung yi na-nung lau yeu kuh, yi wo," siau-

zung-kwaung1 kwhung la yau-lan li, m-nvung taun^-sing, lau
/
I peh kyi zauh-la-kuh.

(5) Di-ka nyung-ka taung-tsuHg' tsoo-nyung-ka, chuh-chi meh-z
/
le tsone m-meh ih ngan tsau-tEah kuh; Chuh-si-kwo ting
13
soen-sang, chuh-we-ts nau si-kwo-bi yien ts taung tsok-tshen,

si-kwo-t's tshau-zok ts taung siau-chuh. Di kuh k3^au i sang

kong-foo i-saiig-za,


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

(6) Yeu liang kuh nyuisiaunoen la khah-daun^-li, ih kuh doo

lau ih kuh siau, khong-pho yi-la zieu z 'AU-lau-tha-tha kuh
/
liang kuh sun^-noen va N^oo wan veh zuiig khoen-kyien,

tsuh thing-kyien yi la kuh sung-iung la han. Tshing yi-la

tau leu-laung le beh-siang ha.
LESSON No. 2

LUNG DONG-VEII TAH TS IUNG-YAH.
IS
Zong-zien ngoo yeu ih kuh dze-tsu kuh bang-yeu, yi ting
/-
hwen-hyi s-nyien yi soo veh hvau teh kuh z-thi/ yeu ih-nvien
.
la 'au-thiei/ kuh zung-kwaung, yi chi tsoo ts ih kuh dong-veh-

yen, lau-' chi tshins ts ih-pan ting tshuh-ming kuh i ung-yah-

den, tau yoen-li chi tseu s-iuiig-chok^ chi s-nyien kauh tsong-
/ _
dong-veh kuh duh-bih-sing-tsuhV Yi khofen-kvien weh-sung thi/i^-
/
k37ien ts di kuh iang-yah yi-la zen veh hyang lau thing la, lau-

hwoo thing-kyien ts di kuh iung-yah, lien-maung thiau-voo/woo-

mo thing-kyien ts di kuh iung-yah, doo-doo li kuh kyung-hah lau

dzaune, pau thing-kyien ts di kuh iun^-yah, zeh-fung kau-hyung
_
lau kha-weh, vi tseu-le-tseu-chi tseu ts kyi-seh-tsoen.7 Zeh keh
/
khcen-chiie nyun soo hwen-hyi kuh iung-yah veh-dong-kuhlau
!
bih kuh dong-veh 'a yeu zeh keh kuh sing-zing
C 2 ]


Lessons in The. Shanghai Dialect.
LESSON No. 3

LUNG FAUNG-KYA YEU-SAN.

Nyi nyoeh li kuh thien-chi z ting hau, zien lipa=san thih-

tsung z Ya- soo-vok-weh-nyih, lau faung san nyih kya. ngoo zieu
-
keh ts s kuh bang-veu ding-taung ta?u Voo-sih chi tang-lih, nyi
itm /
la tshih-tien ih-khuh dong-kyah lau tshih-tien s-zeh-ngrfang khe-
(,.
tsho, la zeh lien san-khuh' zieu tau Voc-sih tse ih tau if deuy nyi
/
zieu kyau jau-=ts de nvi tau ling'-jung kuh san laung chi // Nyi soo
./
kvung koo kuh di-faung, kvung-ts z hau khcen, dau-'ong-

lieu-lok; ngan"seli^-sien-yien s nyung khcen ts sing li su-tshang.
) m
Nyi ih tau ts i-deu hwaunsan-ya-if, zieu chi-deu tang-lih,
/
chideutang teh zung-hau/ thih-tsmig la tang teh chi-k>aiig kuh
/
zung-kwauiig, lok-iuh=sung-pe tse, le ts ih tsah zong-sung kuh
/I
tsh-nyeii, ngoo kuh bang-3reu veh /zung khcen-kvien kuh, zieu
/ >
nau i-tsah nyeu le tang sah tse. 'Eu-seu le ts too hwo tsong-

dien-nyung tah nyi phing-ming, lau la nyi tau kyung-tshah-

thing-laung chi,,. nyi meh zeu-zah thing-tsang kuh t sail-be, lau i
/
vah dong-dien/ 'eu-seu wan ts doo-kung-kyah tsheh le ts lau su-
%
zi kuh.


Lessons in The. Shanghai Dialect.
LESSON No. 4

LUNG CHAU KUH Z-THI.

Ngoo kuh tshing-kyoen zauh-nyih tshung tsau-tsho zong

'Aung-tseu tau Zaung-he, tsho ts tau Fongrkyung tsho-zan-kuh
/
z-'eu, yen ih kuh nyui-nyung zaung-tsho-tse yi tung la tsho-ts li
/
veh too ih hyihyi hweh-zen eu-lau-too lau yuin-tsho, zehzen
.
ngau-veh-dzu, yi tsuh hau te ts tsho tshaung-nga-deu eu, veh

hyau-teh i kuh zung-kwaung, thih-tsung yeu liang kuh hyang-
;
'au nyung da yah khcen zaung-chi z ih te sing-foo-voo, la tsho-

ts nga-mien, yien ts kwe-dau siau-loo laung tseu. Nyui-nyung eu

'au chi kuh i^eh-z thih tsung eu la hyang-'au nyung kuh mien-
/ _
khong laung, hyang- 'au-nyung* zeh-fung dong-chi lau doo-doo ii

mo-nyung We ts tsbo-ts 'ang teh kwha-veh-koo, soo-i yi la mo
0
kuh seh-wo thing veh. da tshing-saung, pih koo yoen-ycen-li
| /
khoen-kyiea yi la kuh seu wan la tien-tien tshok;tshok kuh mo,

di kuh yuin-tsho kuh nyui-nyung mien-dea-'ong-tsang kauk zah

zeh fung nan-we-zing.


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.
LESSON No. 5

LUNG KYUNG-NYIEN DEN-WAN KUH THIEN-CHI
f

JDenwaii z F ok-kyi en te-mien kuh ih kuh siau-tau, thien-chi
/
pung-le z pi Zaung-he liyih dan-z kyung'-nyien 'authien nyih
/
teh kung-ka lie ting-nyih kuh zung-kwaung 'oen-s-piau kuh s-
,
nyung sung tau ih-pah-zeh-doo, ting-fong-lian^' kuh z-'eu 'a
,
yeu k37eu-so-ng=doo. Thien-chi yoeh / nyih-meh i-deu kuh pah-
~ ,
sing yoeh-k a iau t sh eh su n 1 oo- th 1 yi la siang i-zaung tsah teh
7/
sau meh tsongwe fongliang-tien, a-li hyau-teh yoeh tsah teh bok

meh nvih-dea yoeh-ka so-teh tsing yan. Soo-i yeu nyung zen le
11
wo i-deu nyung kuh sung-thi zen so-teh tsiau lau pi en ts muh=huh
/
kuh tse, hau ziang Iung-doo-nyung'. Yeu ih nyih yeu ih kuh

khoen ts-loo-kuh-nyung koen ihjuin ts-loo tsheh-chi, tau tsen-le
_
kuh zung-kwaung, zen pie;i ts hoo-phang-ts tse, kyeu-kyung veh

hyan-teh di-kuh seh-wo z tsung nyi wan z yung-yong.
LESSON No. 6

LUNG SAU KYIEN TOO KWA.

La Zaung-he Nyun^-pok-loo laung yeu ih ka nvung-/ka sing
/fHMf/
Lok7, zien-nyih-ts sing yong ih kuh hyang-au ma-ma, di kuh
C 5 ]


Lessons in The. Shanghai Dialect.
7,
3rong-nyung" ih dzuh z tung la hyang-'au kuh, lai/ di-tsen z tshoo-

tsh tau Zaung- he le, zauh=nyih yi khcen-kyien ziang-pih laung

kuh ling hweh-zen hyang-chi-le, lau tih ling ling li ng=ling-
/v
,lingling" kuh hyang veh dins tse, yi ih-ngan veh seh hoo di=kuh

z teh-lih-fcn^ kuh dien-ling leh la hyang, yi tau doo-doo-li kyung-

hah lau dau-nyung"-ts z zung-dau la tsauh-kwa, soo-i yi lihkhuh,

jui-'au-le te ts dien=wo-siang phok-ihok phok-thok kuh khuh-deu,
_
'aH hyLiutuh yi yceh khuh-deu dien-ling yceh ka hyanseu-le

kuh n37ui-tsu-nyung thing-k37ien ts tseh-le thing dien-wo, khoen-
i
kyien yi kuh ma-ma veu zeh-keh kuh yung-zaung ji-k\va lau mung
v/
yi sa kuh yoen-koo. Yi kuh nyui-tsu-nyung hyau-teh ts ditsaung
/
z-thi, doo-doo-li hau-siau lau ka-seh peb yi thing, 'eu lo di kuh
A
yong-nyung ming-bah di kut( hyang. kuh meh-z veh z zung-dau
-/:,
tsauh-kwa, z teh-lih-fong yan, yi z-ka siang-siang 'a hau-siau-sah tse.
LESSON No. 7

LUNG BOO LAU-TSU KUH PI-KTOEK.
"
Fah-kok Po-li di-faung, yien-zen lau-zong z ting=too, laii

pak^sing zeu yi kuh len, zeh-zen z veh tshien, soo-i duh-we tshing
-1/
ih kuh tsen-mung-boo-tsh-kya le fs-doo yi-la./ Di kuh tsen-mung-


Lessons in The Shanghai Diat.ect.
f
kya kuh boo-tsh kuh fah-tseh z ting ji-kwa, yi soo-yong kuh ka-

sang, pih-koo z ih 7kuh siau-maung', lau tah ts ih-tsan seu-di kuh
/
dien-kwaung-tung, tsauh-lau-zong kuh zung-kvvauns, di kuh tsen-

mung-kya tshing-sun bc-tau dong-vceh li, 'ok-z kyeu-dau li,
/0J-
tsh-siau lau tshaung*-koc^: i kuh toc-hwo lau-zong ih-thing-kyien

di kuh sung-iung, zieu tshian-g si en bau-tsheh-le, lau yi meh zieu

3rong maung le tsauh dzu ts yi la/ rne-tsen khau-i tsauh kyi-seh-
/
tsah, tau kyi-pak-tsah: peh tun^. Di kuh tsen-mung-k^a tsoo boo-

tsh kuh 'aung-nyih, i-kyun 3reu zeh-too-ny ien, la vi khe-tsen ts

zien, yi zung-kyung tah meu-bi-hoo-tshang ting-lih-'eh-dong, zieu
_
z y[ menyien iau thi di-ban-tsh^ng, tsauh lok-man-tsah weh-lau-
_^
zong, di-ban-tshang iau foo yi san-man fah-laung kuh zeu-lau-

kyung. ^
LESSON No. 8

LUNG SEN POO-LI IUNG KE FAUNG HAU LA.

Yien-dze ngoo-n3ri soo yong kuh

tsoo dzung-koi)4 kuh veh-jien, ziang
/
bing lau sa, jditT^tsong- meh-z tsen
> g
tang-sen ts vfeh^pi-tuh dz-chi, lau
:>
We ts dih kuh ycen-koo liau-chi

poc-li, 'ok-z yong poo-li

tung-tsau, pe-ts, bung-ts,

yong-i taiig^- sen, r-tshien

veh nung-keu tin^ kuh.

meh-z ih tang sen meh
[7 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

zieu nau yi chi hwan theh lau veh iau tse. A li hyaa-tuh di

kuh poo-li soe-zen dzung-kong sen-phien wan khau-i yeu yong
/
deu. Ngoo soe-zen veh tong hwo yah, danz thine kyien nyung

ka' wo/ sen-poo-li tse khooi faung la loo li sau lau tsoo tong'si

kuh/zeb=ke siang chi le ngoo-nyi iung-ke nau sen-poo-li zai-long-

le taung la ih tsh, ih meh khau-i mie^i-theh san la di-Jaung,
/
tshok saung khoo- nau nvung kuh kyahnyi meh tse khau- i nau

sen-poo-li ma peh la poo-li-tiei>Ii lau dzen kvi kuh dong-diei]

lau poo-li-tien-li kuh nyung tse ma tau tsHang li chi, tshang-li

tuh-zah-ts dih tsong ipeh-z vila z man hwennyung-kuh iuug~we

ka-diea bien-nvi lau di-lien knh seu-zok i khau-i sang zeh ke
^ .._
nung meh k}^au "ih-kyui liang tuh," ngoo-nyi ah iung-ke tsoo

nyi veh iung-ke tsoo 'a.
LESSON No. 9

LUNG 'AU^THIEN KUH SIAU-CHIEN.
f
Me we tau 'an kvi, kuh zung-kwaung, thien-chi^rtspng-z zeh-
^
fung nvih, lau veh bien-taung tsoo z-thi, ih dong meh zieu iau
n
tsheh 'oen, lau kauh zah sa-doo, soo-i nyung-nyung la 'au-thien
_
tsong*pi tong-thien lan-doo. We ts di kuh yoen-koo yeu too hsvo
C 8 ]


Lessons in The. Shanghai Dialect.

dze-tsu-nvung iau tsheh mung" tan san laung chi bi-su lung fong-
>
liang tien tse tsen le. Dar^^z zeh- ke kuh tsoo fah tsuh pin-koo

veu dong-dien kuh nyuns meh khaui tsoo teh tau, m-meh dong-

dien kuh liyung nan^-nung" khau i nyi, zen-r 'a veu fah ts^kuh.

Thau ng-zen (li kuh ruling kuh bi chi z vong- i fah-hoo-meh, la

;au-th:eu kuh zung-kwaung iung-ke nyung-nan lau zing-zoo, tse
.
veu ziang seh-z kuh nvung chi ma tien yeu ts-mi kuh siau-seh-

su le khcen-khcen, keh-meh soe-zen nyih tau veh da kauh zah
.
nyih tse, ziang zok-nyuiwo"sing-ding z-zen-liang yan."
LESSON No. 10
_
LUNG 'AUNG-TSEU KUH TSHO-FOO TAH TS

WAUNG-PAU-TSHO.

Zong 'Aung-tseu yeu waiin^-pau-tsho tau yien zen, i kuh.
t,
sang-i z zeh-fung fah-dah, lau tsho-foo la-tsho-ts' pi Zaung-he

kuh tsho-i:oo iaa hau tuh too, la thoo tsho-ts kuh zung-kwaung-,

yi la ih-deu he lau ih-deu-bau, r-tshien da-ka siang-nvanj^, veh-

ziang Zaung-he kuh tsho-foo veh khung the-nvang, lau da-ka
___
tshiang-zien,. i-ts dzang-tsaung tshaung-oo.


Lessons in The. Shanghai Dialect.
J
Ngoo khoen 'Aung-tseu kuh pau-tsho pi-ts Zaung-he kuh

chi-tsho wan iau tsheh-fong-deu, tsho-ts kyung-koo nau- nyih kuh
M-M-^
di-faung i kuh ling chung-le kung-ka hyang", hau-ziahg Zauns-
tt
he kyeu-hoo-tsho kuh tsong 44 taung-iaung," taung-laung," soo-
-
i la T si en-iau, Ji-ai iung, Si-oo ih ta di-faung, di-kuh ling sung
M,
kung-ka too.' Zaung-he zoo chi-tsho kuh nyung me-we kyung-koo

Nen-kyung loo kuh zung kwaung", tsong-iau chung yi kuh la-

pa kung-ka hyang, i-ts hyien-ming" yi kuh tsh eh fong-deu, zen-r

i kuh wung-taung fan-r veh jih 'Aung-tseu kuh waung-pau-tsho

yan.
LESSON No. U
_
LUNG IH TSAUNG NGA-KOK-NYUNG FAH-HYOEK

KUH Z-THI.
_
Zauh-nyih yeu ih kuh n^a kok-nyang, ling ts yi kuh nyang-
,m
nyang siau-noen lau sa, tau Sing-s-ka chi beh-siang, beh-siang,

hau ts07i-la tsheh le kuh zung-kwaung, yi khoen-kyien di laung

yeu ih kuh thAn-deu, yi veh tong Tsong-kok-wo* yi 'a veh hyau
m
tuh sa z-thi, y'l zieu mung yi kuh vong-nyung wo, di kuh z sa-

rreh-z yi kuh yong-nyung kau-soo yi wo di kuh z kyaa,tsh^h-z-


Lessons in Tee Shanghai Dialect.

than, ,sen=rrumg thi bihnyun^ka tsen-pok hau lau cheu kuh z=thi
/^
kuh. Di kuh si-kolonyung k}7'au-kwan hau beh-siang, 3d thing-
m
kvien=ts di kuh seh-wo, yi lien-maung eu-'au-chi nau ts ih-po

kyoen-ts kyau tshah-z kuh nyung ih-kuh ih-kuh thi yi tshahnan-
_
meh di kuh tshah-z-=sien-sang, z'eu khe=kheu loen-tshaE, pih-wah
m
loen- sia, di kuh ngan-koknyuug meh ih zeh la tien-deu, ziang

sah yi z zeh-fung tong Tsong-kok-wo, lau 'a tsing-thong tshehz

kuh z-thi nung, khoen kuh nyung da-ka zien sfeu sah tse, we ts

yi tsoo le fahhyoek lau, 'eu-le tshah hau. ts z, yi zieu moktsheh

ih-kwhe-yang-dien le peh la tshaliz sien-sang", di kuh tshah-z

kuh nyung1 tsung-tsung % hyi-tsheh maung-nga.
LESSON No. 12

LUNG IH-KUH TSU-PAU-TIEN LI KUH HOO-KYI.

La si-mung yeu ih kuh nyui-nyung yi z tsheh-ming lie
1)'
kuh, zien-nyih-ts tau dzung-li kuh ih,ban tsu-pau tien li chi
/'
ma tsung--tsu, yi wang-kan dzu-kail kai^-ding ts ih-tsong tsu-

tsu, lau i-ban tien-li kuh hoo-T
ih-lih, di kuh n3rui-nyung wan yi ng-kwhe yang-dien ih-lih, di

kuh hoo-kyi yienpi yi ka-dien wan teh thuh sau, nau yi le dung
[11 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.
)
la a wo, ih-dien veh-iau song-peh nong hau va," 'a li hyau-teh

di kuh nyui-nyung mien-khong'-laung1 ih-ngan veh hyien-tsheh

dong-chi kuh yang-seh, tung hoo-kyi wo-wen tsyi kuh seh-wo,
J t
yi lien-maun^ naa tsungtsu faung la yi kuh sung-pien ts lau doh-

faung-boo tseu tsheh chi tse, ts-li wo too-ziatoo-zia nan-

meh di kuh hoo-kyi zieu bau zaung chi la dzu yi, di kuh nyui-

nyung zieu nau yi kuh hoo-kyi tang liang-kyi nyi-kwaung, 'eu
1 ^
le di-ban tien-li kuh tong-ka hyau-teh z-thi veh te tse, zieu
M^M
tsheh-le thau-nyau lau nyung-tsho, di kuh nyui-nyung khan-khan

khung nau tsung-tsu nau.tsheh le, yi ping-tshien wo na veh

khung ma khau-i wo veh-ma, we-sa iau zeh-keh m-kwe-kyui lau

dung- nvung nyi, ngoo yien-zen tang nong zieu-z iau kvau-hyong",
fH >]
kyau-hvong" nong i-'eu veh iau tse zeh-keh teh-zen bih-nyung,
_
ngoo wo di-we nyui-kyoen tsong'-soen hyong teh yeu li yan.
LESSON No. 13

LUNG IH KUH HAU-SIAU KUH TONG-DAU.

Zau-hvung Ting-ka-oo di-faung yeu ih kuh nyung sing Ling,

tsh-nyang ting hwen-hyi chuh-tsieu, r-tshien chuh ts tsieu ?ea-

seu pih-ding iau chi kwhuTig'V" 1 au ih-kwhung ;k\vhung-chi le tsong
C 12 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Diat.ect.

iau san s nyih, la i kuh di-faung nyung-nyung zien hyau-tuh yi

z zen-yui kwhuung'-kau kuh. Yeu ih nyih yeu ih kuh nga-loo

le kuh nyung, thing-kyien ts di kah sing-sih, yi zieu bau tau

sing-Ling" kuh zang-hwo lau te yi wo, ngoo 'a man we tuh

kwhung kuh, ngoo-nyi liang kah nyung ah khau-i too ih kuh

tong-dau, kauh-nyung nau tsheh ng-seh kwhe yang-dien le, da-

ka dong-z chi kwhuug, khoen sa nyun^ sien kau, tshin^ ih kuh
;7
kong-tsung-nyung1 le thi ngoo-nyi kyoeh-toen su-yunsing Ling

kuh nyung juh-ji tsan-dzuag di-tsaung z-thi, da-ka tsau ts kaung-

ding la kuh lau chi kwhunp tse. Liang kuh nyung kwhung

tau d s nyih kauh-nyung zien man-man-nung kau-tsen le tse,
.
pih-koo sing Ling kah nyung sing tuh sau we tsau ih ngan,

soo-i- meh zieu su thuh^ts ng-seh-kwhe yang-dien.
LESSON No. 14
"
LUNG DIEN TANG-SAH IH DIAU DOO-ZO.

Yeu ih kuh bang-yeu dzong Tsuh-kaung Nyien-tshen-foo le

wo, la i-deu Huh-long-san kuh san-au-li, veh too kvi-z yeu-ih
-..IS
diau zo peh le tang-sah tse. Di-~diau-zo yeu san-dzang tshih-tshah-

.too dzang, i kuh liang-tsah ngan-1sing doo-tuh-le ziang kuh
[13 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

dzowen, tseu-sung zien-z tshing-huh

laung fahyien ih-tsong kyung-seh, deu

yu'ng=zaung kuh nyuk-kok, liang tsah

nga-deu da-iah yeu ng-tshung-too, yi

kuh 11 ga ii-seh,

yi kuh ling

laung- yeu kyikwedeu

nga-ts_h. loo tsheh la ts

kuh nyi-po;laung b/ok-ts
"
ih-kwhe nyok-ba, izlaih ba-laung kuh z woo-doo lau khoen-veh-
/ ^
tshing'-saung tse. Ideu kuh hyang-'aunyung zien tshih-tsang-

pah-ts veh hyau=tuh na- nu ng- lo ng- fah, yeu kuh nyung meh ts-

tsang chi ma-tsaung- i, yeu kuh nyung meh tstsang chi hwah

la kaimg=ll", veu kah nyung meh ts-tsang song-tau pok-veh-yoen-li
v
chi, tsau ngoo kuh i-s ting-hau song tau Zauim=he pok= veh-

yoen-li-le, keh=meh khau-i peh ngoo-nyi khoen-khoen lau da-ka
.
nyien-kyeu, nyien-kyeu tse. .
LESSON No. 15

LUNG VEH-SEH Z KUH KHOO.

La Zang*-zok di-faung yeu ih kub nyung, 3] kuh sing-zing
_
ting" siau=chi, yi kuh ka-tshan tau man foo-tsok kuh, khau-sih
H
yi mok-peh-seh-ting, chui chuh tuh veh sau, soe=zen yi ke-dong-
_R M
dien we ts veb seh-z kuh yoen-koo, vi tsuh hau thing-bing di-

faung-laung kuh sung-tong iah-sok lau ts-hwen. Dzu thub ts di
[14 j


Lessons in The. Shanghai Dialect.

kuh ih-pan-nyung i-nga, iau si ang chi bang yi ih kuh dong-dien,
/#
keh z dan veh iau chi dan-chi,( hau-ziang lau yi kuh sing-

ming tse. Zien-nyih yoen-kwen we ts ming-zeh yeu-kwantshuh

kau-z kyung-ts liang-zeh tshuh-kheu, dan-z di kuh hyang-'au-dze-

ts, dung-tsih-liang'-zeh tsih tuh veh sau, soo-i yi dzang-tsaung tau

kauh tsh chi thoen sing-sih. I-nyih-ts thih-tsung" yeu ih kuh

wah-deu siau-hwoo-ts dan-chi-ts deu la khoen kan-z, lau hyang-

au-nyung lih-la yi kuh pen-'eu theu-thing fong-sung, dan-z di

kuh wah-kyi-kya hyau-tuh yi z mok-peh-seh-ting kuh, soo-i yeu

sing dzau yau-^ien lau dok-tsheh le lau wo, La di-kuh hyoiig-

hwaung, kuh nyien-vung voo lung sa-n3run^^-ti-au dung-tsih

liang-zeh lau, peh la kwen dzo-tsbuh le m^n, tsuh hau ih-zi

tshong-kong." Di kuh byang-'au-nyung thing-kyien ts di-tsong
/
sing-sih hah tuh doen-doen-tsea, lau lien-maung bau-tau ok-li,

lien-ya nau i kuh too-hau liang-zeh s-tsh fang-dung.

'Eu-le tun yi kuh nyui-si le wo-ming'-bah, bing-m-meh di-

tsong seh-wo/ nan-meh yi veh hah lau wo, chui tuh z ka kuh
&
di kuh zieu k^eu veh seh z kuh khoo yan


Lessons in The Shanghai Diat.ect.
LESSON No. 16

LUNG KWO-BI VEH IUNG-KE GWAN LA LOO-LAUNG.

Zauh-nyih ngoo tseu koo Zing-one-dz-loo, khoen-kyien ihboo

waung-pau tsho, we ts tsho-foo dah zah ts ih-kwhe si-kwo-bi

lien-nyung tah ts tsho-ts, ih-zi tang-fan. Tsho-kang 'a doen-
/
thuh, zoo-khah tah ts tsho-foo zien zeu-saung", zoo-khah-meh kwa

tsho-fog/ lau tsho=foo' rrieh /Veh zung-nyungliang-ka-deu tsang-
y
chi-le the-pan ih-ngan-tang. 'Eu-le zing-boo le tse zieu nau tsho-

foo tang ts ih-tung, tsho-foo kyi-zen zeu ts dong-dien laung
#
kuh sung-seh, i/ tsau zah nvok-sung laung kuh thong-kKoo, zeh-
./
dze z hwe-chi. Tsau ngoo wo chi le, bing veh z yi la liang kuh
ife
nyung' kuh tsho tshu, zeh-dze z gwan si-kwo-bi kuh nyung kuh
^AJ^
veh zeh-mi yan.

Pi-faung z ih kuh lau-nyang-ka 'ok z ih kuh doo-kwhe-deu,

wah ts ih-kau, chi veh z iau song yi la kuh ming va? Ziang

sung-nyung wo, kyi-soo peh yoh, veh^s yui zung" ngoo-nyi

chuh ts si-kwo ok-z bih-tsong-kwo ' bi tsong veh iau

zoen-di lcen tauh lau 'e-nyung.
[16 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Diat.ect.
LESSON No. IT

LUNG IH TSAH TSOK-SUNG.
|
Dzang-zok di-faung" kuh tsok-yoen z ting-too, pih-koo pok-

mung nga-deu Dzung-ka knh ih-kuh tsok-yoen iau soen ting-doo
M
tse, i kuh li kuh tsok-sung ih-nyien veh ts iau tsheh kyi-tshien
/
kyi-man-tsah/ soo-i lih-nyien i le dzan kuh sung-dien zeh-dze z
/
veh-sau. Kyung-nyien tshung-thien hweh-zen sang-tsheh ih-tsah
.
hyi-ji-koo-kwa kuh sung le, di-tsah-sung da-iah yeu nyi-tshah-kau
_
lau tseu-kyuns yen ih-tshahtoo-tien, i kuh ting laang" yeu san kuh

sung-tsien, lau me kuh sung-tsien laung zien yeu san-ban tsok-
_
yeh koo-hau-la-kuh. Di-ka Dzung-ka kuh n^i-ts-nmng khoen-
^!,
kyien ts di?tsah-sung lien-maung zieu chi pau-kau VirKuh toohwS^
iJXZ/s
ok-linyun/g, yi-la thing-kyien ts di kuh seh-wo, nyang-nyung zien

soen di-tsasung z veh kyih-li kuh, nan-meh da-ka saung-liang
,
ding-taung ka-haa-ts mok-za lau, nau di-tsah-sung la loo-thien sau-

theh-tse, la sau kuh zung-kwaung too-hwo hyang-ling zien tsheh-

lje-kh0en. Ng'oo hyau-tuh ts di-tsaung z-thi, i-we zeh-fung khau-
/fef
sih/we ts mi-single ah yoen^k^o zieu nau di-tsah ji-kwa kuh sung
./@
le sau theh tse, feu-touh-meh khau-i ta tau Zaung-he faung la

pok-veh-yoen-li peh dok-zeh-veh-yak kuh nyung khau-i nyi en-
[17 ]


Lessons in The. Shanghai Dialect.

kveu nyien-kyeu, na-nung" lau we tuh sang-tsheh zeh-ke kuh
m
sung le kuh nyi.
LESSON No. 18

LUNG SEU-DZE-NOO KIJH KYIH-KOO
,
La pung-boo zah-pk 'ong-hyung-faung siang-jung, 3>su ih
,/
kuh nyung sing Waungf, yi kuh sing-dzin^ ting khuh-bok. Bing
_ /_ m
soo nyih-kan vi tsen-mung faung dzong-li-dien, van-i yi nting-
_
keu dzan dong-dien kah z-thi yi z vob-khong-veh-tsen kun, i-ts
^ m /
yi tsih-hyoeh ts too-hwo kataung Yi z-ka dzang-tsaung wo,

"ngoo i-kyuns we ts /s-sung meu yung-fok, chuh-lau-tsah khau-i
/
veh pih tan-ieu tse."f Veh liau zaung-nyoeh kah tshoo-kyi-li, di-

we Waung-sien-sang", tuh ts dzong-bing lau bing-s zeh-fung hyong-
t
hyien, tshing i-sung le khoen, i-sung wo, t£di kuh bing z we ts

lau-sing koodoo lau sang kah, yien-dze kwha-tien tsha-nyung

chi ma nyung-sung le diau-li, khong-pho wan yeu ih=sien kuh

hyi-maung.
._/
Dan z yi kuh nyi-ts thing-kyien ts di kuh seh=wo,' veh-dan
m
z veh tali-iung', ping-tshien wo, m-meh ih kuh nyung veh si

kuh, ming-li ts la iau si, soe-zen peh yi chuh nyung-sung 'a


Lessons in The Shanghai Diat.ect.

O-ih-kuh.'
.
SanG,-bing-nyung thing-kyien di-kuh sehwo doo-doo-li dong-

chi, dan-z we ts yi bing-dzong zu-san, m-meh chi-lih tah yi kuh
/
nvi-ts tsang-lung, 'tsuh-hau kwhung la zaung laung dz ang-sung
,
than-chi, taung-ya ka-bing lau mung-tsau zieu oo-hoo.
LESSON No. 19

LUNG IHTSAH HYJ-JI KUH MAU.
.
TvSong-kok-nyuncr hwen-hyi mau, hau ziang si-kok-nyung

hwen-hyi keu ih-yane" da-W nyui-nyung pi noen-nyung kung-

ka hwen-hyi yang mau/ iung-we nyui-nyung dzang-tsaung" tung

la ok-li, lau mau z taung-sing" ok-li kuh meh-z, i z we ts mau

veh ziang/keu nung doo lau hyong. Yang mau yeu liang yang
^
hau-tsh/ ih meh khau-i bi-theh tshu-yok, nVi-meh i-zaung tah ts
/ _
zeh-veh khau-i veh peh lau-tshu ngaa-wa. Zien-deu yeu ih kuh

Dzau-1sen-nyung sing Tsang z khe tien-taung kuh, yi kuh ok li

kuh lau-zong z voo-jisoo, kyung-zen nyih-li 'a ken tsheh /(e bau-
/
tong-bau-si, doo kuh yeu teh ziang siau keu nang doo, zeh-dze

thau-yien. Yeu ih nyih yi tien-li-hvaag kuh ih-kuh dzau-vong.

nau ih tsah mau le, i kuh mau-seh z zung-waung kuh, hau-
.
ziang ih tsah kyang-mau, i kuh ngan-tsing z lan kuh, i kuh
[19 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

nvi-po z kwheh lau pien kuh ziang peh nyung tse-theh-koo kuh,

tsong-r vien-ts i kuh yang-suh z tah bin^=zan^ kuh mau veh
f
dong kuh Tsang-sien-sang wo 4 di-tsah-mau iau ma kyi dien?
.
dzau-vong wo ih-dien veh khau-i sau iau ma nyan-kwhe-yang-

dien, iung-we i z ih=tsah tsoen-mung tsauh lau-zong kuh nga-
//
kok-mau yanr Tsang-sien-sang we ts siang-tau lau-zong kuh

thau-'yien tsuh=ha,u nyung kyui lau ma i. Zeh.-ke-nans yang
.1!
ts i kyi-seh=nyih kong-foo tsung kuh vaung-ts-li m-meh lau'

zong tse, veh dan zeb-ke lien ts ling-so nyung-ka 'a veh khoen-
*
k37ien sa lau-zong< di tsah mau chi-veh-z ma le zeh-teh lau hyi-

ji va.
LESSON No. 20

LUNG VEH IAU KVVHUNG LA ZAUNG-LAUNG

KHOEN SU LAU PAU.

Ngoo yeu ih kuh bang-yeu ting hwen-hyi khau-kyeu vung-

yah, soo-i yi la tsoo 'auh-sang-ts kuh zungkwaungbing-dzang

nyih-kyah tseu-le tseu-chi, seu li tsong z veh khong lau nyah

ih-pung-su, yien-dze tsoo ts sang-i, ih yeu' khong meh tsong-z
ff
chi kwhung- la zaung laung khoen su 'ok z khoen sing-vung-ts
r 20 ]


Lessons in The. Shanghai Dialect.
li, yi kwhung

pau-ts, me-nyih chi


tshing-kya tsen-chi, nan-

kuh zaung laung i z te

theh ts chuh san-

m-meh zung-kwaung veh

pau-ts, di kuh bi-chi yi z

tse. Yeu ih-nyih-ya-li yi


Zien-li-pa, yi ok-li yeu tien z-thi lau

z-hau-tse, ih tau ts ok

ts too-hwo kuh su lau

tung' Van kuh kong-foo, tsho veh too

kwhung la zaung laung khoen su lau

i-kyung zih-kwan lau veh ts-Jkauh
fr
kwhung la khoen sing-vung-ts, yi zeh-dze joen veh koo lau khoen-

khoen pau kwhung-zah tse, veh hyau tuh pau-ts chi bang la

zaung-pien-deu kuh lah-tsok-hoo laung, lau sau chi le lien mung"-

tsang 'a sau=zah, 'eu le yi kwhung- maung-deu li, kauh-zah sung

laung na-nung nyih le, kau tsen le ih khoen z veh tuh-liau,da-
11
sung"-han=kyau'. Yi kuh ok-li-nyung thing-kyien ts zien lok-

chi-le, juh-lih pho-mih lau tsong-soen hoo kyeu iung* kuh, soe-
' p
zen hoo veh zung sau dzungkong.zen-r kyung-hah i-kyung chuh

tuh veh siau tse, soo-i iau choen-choen ts-we tsong" veh iau
* .
kwhung la zaung laung khoen-su 'ok-z khoen-pau, iung-we siau

meh yeue we-sung, doo-meh yeu kwan sing-ming.
LESSON No. 21

LUNG TSAUH ZEH KUH HAU-KYI-TSHAH.
[21 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

Ngoo yeu ih kuh ycen-tshing hyang-le z dzu la Aung-

tseu kuh Sing-khe-long-li, tsho veh too nyung-nyung zien hyau"

tuh yi-la kuh foo-tsok lau ke-(long-dien kuh, soo-i i-pan zeh-
0
kweh-deu ih-dzeh la ngan-nyih lau zan-yien, i-ts di-ka nyung-
.
ka dzang-tsaung bang-zah seh-tshih kuh z=thi, soe-zen chi pau

kyung-tshah-thing, lau siang fah-ts chi tsauh-nau yi-la, tau ti

tsauh-veh-zah. 'Eu-le ngoo kuh tshing-kyoen zeh-dze ungsah-

tse, tau siang-tsheh ih kuh man-hau kuh fah-ts, zieu z me-
^
nyih-ya-li kyau yi kuh yong-nyung tang-pan-le ziang zeh-kweh-

deu kuh yang-seh, lung-lieu laeuziang ka-tsoo ziang theu-

meh-z kuh yung-zaung*, ping'-tsien te yi kuh yong-nymig wo,

zah-zen di=jien oen-ts nung-keu phoo-theh meh n^oo iau doo-

doo-li saung-s. na, soo-i di-pan yong-nyung" man-kha-weh lau

zing-nyoen le si chi tsoo tse. Koo ts kyi iiyih la meu-meu-
f
ya-li san-kang thien kuh zung-kwaung, i-pan tsung-kah lau-zeh

le tse, yi la dau nyune^ di*pan voag-nyung 'a z tsung kuh
T
zeh, soo-i da-ka zieu tang-tsaa-hoo, la di kuh z-'eu di-liang-

kuh yong-nyung zieu tshung-tsh kyi-we nau yi-ia tsauh-lau

ts, lau song tau kwen-foo di-faung chi.
C 22 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Diat.ect.
LESSON No. 22

LUNG IH-KUH TSING-MING HAH-TS.
,
La S-tshen di-faung yeu ih kuh sing we-we-kyau kuh hah-ts,

z tsoo fan-ma koo-tong lau nyok-chi sang- i kuh, yi kuh liang-

tsau ngan-tsing soe-zen hah dan-z fung-bien veh-phing kuh pung-
:
z, pi ts liang-ts wan iau le-tuh li-'e ngoo yeu khonR kuh kong-

foo meh, ngoo tsong iau tau yi kuh tien-li chi zoo zoo lau beh-sian^-

si ang, ngoo dzang-tsaung khoen=kyien yi khau-tshah dz-clii kuh
'
z-'eu, yi sien yong seu mok-mok, 'eu-le meh faung la nyi-too
_
launej thing yi zieu hyau tuh di-yang men-z z kyi-hau nyien-de
.,
tse, fung-bien bih-yang mehz, ziang su wo hcen- nyok lau sa, a

yong seu lau nvi-too le de-thi yi kuh ngan-tsing, zeh-ke tsoo-
..
fah yi tsong m-meh ih thaung we tuh long-tsho kuh, veh lung
R^
'a-li ih-tsong kootong tsuh-siii peh yi ih-mok 'ok-z ih-thing yi
Wi
zieu hyau-tuh di-yang meh-z z tsung kuh wan-z ka kuh. Yi

khau ts di kuh pung-2 do.ng-diea dzan-tuh veh sau, la i deu kuh

dong 'aung-tsong zien kyau yi hah-ngan-da-waung.
LESSON No. 23

LUNG JUNG-DOO.
[23 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Diat.ect.
S
Me vong iung-lih ng-nyoeh tsho'o-ng-nyih, zieu-z zok-nyui

tshu ng-we utoen-yang-tsih," di kuh z-'eu thih-tsung z dzong-'au,

yui-s mantoo, dzou-sa doo, hyang-'au-nyung zen maung-le liau-

veh-tuh, van-i ke-long-zen kuh nyung-ka zen-iau yui-sien nau
_
zen ih=zi sieu-hau, lau kan-sien ting-zok-seu kuh lau-da, yui-be

pi-se, di kuh fong-zok Tsong-kok siang-zen au-le i-kyang ta-nyien

tse, zieu kyau jung-doo. Yeu kuh zung-kwaung too-chi-le yeu
-
kyi-seh-tsah zen ih-dau pi-se yi kuh zen-sung zen miau ts long-

kuh-linef, wan yeu long-deu long-nyi-po yi kuh tsianga yeu hwo-

vung, soo-i zeh-fung me-kwen, zen li wan 3reu deh-bih kuh yah-

chi laii loo-koo, Tsong-kok siang-zen 'au le kuh kong-tsong kuh

yain-dong lau pi-se z ting-sauveh ziang si-kok yeu bau-mo lau se-

zen, tah ts bih-yang kuh yeu-hyi, ih-nyien tsong-yeu kyi-tsen
_
we ts sau-yea, soo-i me we tau toen-ng-nyih chi khoen wo-long-

zen kuh nyung zeh-dze veh-sau, yeu' kuh tau Tha-tshaung, yeu

kuh tau Ka-ding lau Nen-ziang, 'a yeu kuh tau Dzang-zok lau

Ming-'aung. Ziang yien-dze yeu. ts hoo-tsho z ting-faung-hien,

ih-nyih-thien khau-i tang-tsen-we, veh pi zien-deu tshung-zen kuh

fi-z, khau-sih yien-dze kuh jung-doo veh ziang-zien-deu. hyung-
.
waung tse, iung-we tsuner-foo veh-tsung yan. La lok-nyien zien-
$
deu ngoo kyi-tuh yeu kyi-tsah long-zen tau soo-tseu-'oo li le i
[24 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Diat.ect.

kuh z-'eu khoen-khah tsung-tsung hyuny=le nyun^-san-nyun^-he,

gah le gah veh lauk, soo-i meh yeu kyi kuh nyung tih-la 'oo li

tse, yung-chui sing-ming veh-zung saung kuh, iung-we thih-

tsung la nyih li bang-zah di kuh z-thi, ding la baung-pien

kuh zen-laung-nyung khoen-kyien

chi-le.
_
ts lien-maung nau
g
yi-la kyea-
LESSON No. 24

LUNG KYA ZIH-TOO.


Dzong-zien yeu sing Nyien sing Zi liang kuh nyang, la ih-ban

'aung li 'auh-sang-i, la 'aung li ih gong yeu zeh-too kuh 'auh-sang-

ts, lau vi-dok di kuh siau-noen kuh phing-yung z ting toen-

tsung, la ts-suh laung pi-kyau cbi-lesing Zi kuh veh juh sing

Nyien kuh, soo-i me-thaung fung hwo-'ong- tsong z sing Nyien kuh

too tien, thih-tsung la tsiang jung 'auh-me kuh ih-nyien kuh 'au-

kyi, di kuh sing Nyien kuh auh-doosong nyung-ts tau bih-ban

tsaung laung chi, we ts hweh-liah lau tsang long-tsho tse, nan-

meh sing Zi kuh 'auh-sang-ts siang ngoo kuh bang-yeu hyang-le

tsoo z-thi tsong z tse-sing-ts-ts, au-voo-hwaung-daung, ziang di-

we long-tsheh zeh-ke kuh peh-yang le, ih-ding iau la yi kuh
[25 ]


Lessons in The. Shanghai Dialect.

phiang-yung laung kheu fung-soo, lau yui mes kuh ih tsih laung

doo-yeu kwan-nge, tsung-tsung z khaa-sih, zieu siang tau 'aung-

tsang mien-zien chi thi yi tshing nyoen-liang. Yi i we siang ngoo

a z ziang yi nung sing-khoo-yong-kong, lau me nyien kuh fung-

soo tsong veh-juh yi, yi zah-zen di-tsen veh yeu koo-seh tau nyien-

ya-deu, la 'auh-sang-ts .taung-tsong" iiau a-zah di-ih-ming, yien-dze

yeu ts tsho-tshu, ngoo kuh kyi-we le tse, ngoo khau-i a-zah di-

ih-ming, 'oo-pih iau chi thien yi seh-zing nyi, wan-veh z chi tshoen-

tauh kyi-kyui, yi siang tail di-boo, hweh-zen siang zah Mang-foo-

ts wo KYI SOO PEH YOH PEH S YUI ZUNG i siang zah
A
yi kuh tsoo-voo wo SUNG ZUNG LI-KYI KUH Z-THI TSONG

VEH-KHAU-I-TSOO yi sing-li zieu kauh-zah zeh-fung zan-g'we

ih-ioosiang ih-loo au-hwe, zieu lien-maung bau-tau 'aung-tsang

mien-zien, thi sing Nyien kuh nyung kaung hau-wo 'eu-le tau nyien-

ya-deu, sing-Nyien kuh nyung zang-jeu z di-ih-ming lau sing Zi
,
kah di-nyi-ming,aung.-tsang khoen sing Zi kuh dau-tuh kau, soo-i

saung sing Zi kuh dih-bih-tsiang-kyung tah sing Nyien kuh ih-

yang.


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.
LESSON No. 25

LUNG IH KUH KOO-VUNG.
I

Nen-kyung Koo-leu di-faung, iau soen z s-tsh-pah-loo kuh

ih kuh iau-kyanR kuh di-doen, lau nen pok waung le kuh ih
,
kuh tsong-sing-tien, soo-i Zi-tok-kyuin duh we kyoen ts ng-man-

kwhe yang-dien zieu la i-deu loo pien-deu kuh hwaung-di-laung,

ding- taung iau dzau ih kuh kong-yoeri, tsen-mung yui-be tsong

nga zung-z chi yeu-h^i kuh. Nan-meh zieu pha yi seu-'au kuh

nyung chi kan-tok kong-dzung lau nau di kuh ih-dcen kuh vung
M-
lau nyi tsong ih zi joeh-theh, hweh=zen joeh tau nen-mi en, joeb-

zah ih-voeh koo-vung, i kuh li-hyang kuh kwen-dze da-iah yeu ih-

dzang 11 g tshah dzang, lau di-kheu kwen-dze wan veh zung* wen-

zien voo lan kuh, s-seu kuh yung-ziang.hau-ziang z weh kuh; pih-

koo i kuh deu-fah yeu tien bong-song, i kuh ts-li 'an ih lih doo-

tsung-ts, lau di-lih tsung'-ts kuh zeh-kyung da-iah yeu ih-tshung-
<
too, 'eu-seu peh jceh-vung' kuh siau-kong nau tsung-ts dzong" ts-

li wall ts tsheh le, nan meh s-seu lih-khuh pi en ngan-seh lau
_
dzien-dzien-nung voolan tse, tau meh-kyah-le pien-dzung-kong ih'

than-s. Thing-kyien-wo, yien-dze yeu ih kuh" ngakok-nyung

dzing-nyoen tsheh ts doo-ka-dien hyang joeh-vung kuh siau-kong
C 27 ]


Lessons in The. Shanghai Dialect.

ma di-lih doo-tsung-ts, veh hyau-tuh di kuh kong-nyung ah
&
yen joen-ping khau-i ma-theh i lih doo-tsung-ts va, 'a thing-tuh

wo, di-yoeh-vung z Ming-dzau kuh ih-kuh doo-kwen-foo kuh tsoo-

vung yan.
LESSON No. 26
.
LUNG ZO ^LAU HA KUH TSUNG-TEU.
^
Tsang-i-sung dzong Koo-ling tsen le kau soo nyi wo, la
~
jieu nyien. tshieu-thien, yeu ih nyih tsiane jung nyih-deu lauh-

san kuh z-'eu, yi tau chien-pien-deu chi beh-siang, khoea kyien

yang-lieu^zu-iungau-deuyeu ih tsah ha la so-tshau launef,

ziang tuh-i le si kuh yang-suh. 'En le yeu ih-diau siau s-zo

dzong chien-li zaung-le, yeu-koo ha kuh tsoo-pien, lau siang

chuh-theh di tsah ha, ha khoen-kyien ts zo, lien-maung pi-long-

ts ng'an-tsing, joen-joen-long- kyah lau ia la tshau li, ziang hah-

sah kuh yung-zaung dan-z di diau zo la baung-pien te i khoen

ts dzang-yoen, hweh-zen naung* chi ts deu lau dzau zien yeu koo

le, nau ha kuh pe, fok, nyau ts kyi-tsen, ha tung zo nyau hail

ts, yi zieu la sotshau laung fan-le fok-chi kuh veh ding, zo

nyau tuh yoeh kyung. meh ha fa tuh yceh kwha, zeh ke nuiig


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.
-
yang suh tsong yeu kyi kuh tsong-deu, 'eu le meh zo m-meh chi

lih lau, tsah hau thing zeh ts kyang thuh. la so-di laung veh
@
dong, nan meh ha man-man-nung bo tau zo kuh 'eu-mien, yong

liang tsah doo-jien le jien doen ts zo kuh nyi-po, ih-deu-jien lau
f
ih-deu-chuh, da-iah chuh-ts yeu ih-tshung too. Chuh, pau ts. i
_
zung-jeu bo tau s li chi tse, i kuh zung-kwaung zo z tseh pih-
.
koo yeu ih sien ts chi, than la so-tshau-di laung than-chi.

Ngoo chi deu siang di-tsah-ha tsong iau peh zo nyau sah kuh,

'a li hyau tuh zo tau long veh koo i.
LESS No. 27

LUNG IH-KUH ZEH-PUNG KWA-TS
g
Zauh nyih ngoo la ngoo-kuh bang-yeu di-faung chuh tsong-

van, chuh ba ts vaneu-seu ngoo nyi tse zoo 'au-le dan-dan, zeh

kaung tau liang-tien-too-tsong lau fang-sung kuh. Yi kau-soo

ngoo wo, jung-le Zaung-he tau ts ih-kuh Tong-yang yen,ming
^
kuh kwa-ts, yi kuh ming-deu kyau Laung-zung yi khau-i tshung-

we kwa-ts taung-tsong kuh lau-sea. Yi la Zeh-pung di-faung i-
.
kyang van ts kyi-seh-tsaun^ kuh kwa- phi en cen-jien, lau kwen-

foo tsheh saung^-kah iau tsauh-nau yi kuh nyung, soo-i yi veh
C 29 ]


Lessons in The. Shanghai Dialect.
,
nung dzu ng-lieu la pung-kok, lau tsuh-hau dau tau bih=kok chi,
,
nan-meh yi zieu dau tau Zaung-he le. Yf khan tau Zaung-he kuh
,
zung-kwaung yi kauh-zah Zaung-he kuh zungzing>s-too z doo-
i
liang-yang kuh, yi z tsung-tsung tshong-ming, yi zieu we-tuh zoen-

kyi-iung-pien, tsau ts z-s lau s yong yi kuh seu-doen. Yeu ih

nyih yi la 'ong-kheu kuh Ah-lok-loo laung tseu beh-sian^, hweh-

zen khoen-kyien ih-kuh kaung-pok-nyung thiaa-ts liang-loo kuh

kyi-dan, da-iah yeu nyi-tshein too tsah, tshok dong ts yi kuh' kwa-

phien kuh nau kyung lau yi zieu tah kaung-pok-nyung kaung-
g
ding me-tsah dan san-seh-dien, kyau yi ih-zi thiau tau 'ong-keu

meu-meu kyi-dan-ping tien li chi: Di-kuh kaung-poknyung kha-
1
weh tuh-juh? iung-we yi kah dan ma ts doo-ka-dien i-z ih-zi ma-
. _
theh tse, sang tuh yi sa-doo-lesithiau-tong thiau-si. 'Eu-le
a
thiau tau ts kyi-dan-ping=tien-li,v tien hau ts dan kuh soo-mah,

yi kha-kha weh-weh kuKN lih la mung-kheu-deu tfing-naii kyi-dan-
^
dien. A-li hyau-tuh di kuh Tong-yang kwa-ts tsau-i tang ts
.
Tong-yang-wo lau hyang tienli kuh lau-pan, soen hau ts dan-
m
dien lau dzong 'ea-mung dau-tseu theh la tse.
.
Kaung-pok-nyung tungla nya-deu^tung ts dzang-yoen 'eu-le

tsin^=chi mung-mung'-khoen, yi-la we-deu yi wo nvi lau-tsau soen

peh yi kuh Tong-yang- nyung tse kaung-pok-nyung z-zen fah-


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.
+
iuh lau veh zung-nyung. 'Eu-seu tshau ts dzang-dzang yoen-yoen,
' -
kyung ka laung kuh dzing-boo choen tien-li-nyung peh yi ka-dien
,T
kuh ih pen lau liau kyih tse.
LESSON No. 28

LUNG PHAN TSHING IUNG-KE FI THEH

BA-PAH-Z KUH ZIH-KWAN.
-
Tsau ts Tsong-kok zenau le kuh kwen-kyui, van-i noen nyui
.
iau phan tshing pih-sui sien iau tshing me-nyung song nyui-k'3ra

siau-tsia kuh pah-z tau nen ka chi, nan-meh nen-ka nau nen nyui

liang kuh t^ung kub pah-z chi kau peh la scen-ming-sien-sang lau
,
tshing vi soen-ih-soen. Thaune,-zen nen nyui kuh pah-^ keh-clii-
.
le zea m-meh tshong khuh kuh meh khoo-i phan tshing kuh, veh
k;/
zeh ke meh, sozen yeu me-me kuh iung-ycen tsong veh we tuh
,,
dzung-kong/kuh.. Dih tsong ok-fong-dzok si ang zen 'au le i kyung

dzang ycen tse, lau veh-hyau-tuh dzong sa-zung-kwaung chi deu
&
kuh, tsong-r-yien-ts ciih tsong zea kyau mi-sing yan Tsau ng'oo

siang chi le noen nyui kuh phan tshing ting iau-kj^ung kuh z-thi

yeu ng yang. (ih), Nyung ka ah siang phe va (nyi), Ah zung

dok koo su kuh (san), Nyien kyi kyi-soen tse, (s), Sing-zing
[3i ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

oo zung va (ng), Phing-mau toen-tsung va " Kaung tau pah-z
a
kuh tshong-khuh veh tshong-khuh'^ zen veh khau-i siang sing- kuh,

iung-we dih kuh zen z hah-wo, yien-dze z vung ming kuh s-de

mi-sing kuh 'ang-we'iui]g-ke dzu-theh, Zah-zen yeu nyung tsung-

tsung hwen-hyi t.shing pah-z lau iau ba-ba khoen meh ngoo siang
. +
wan hau rnung yi-la thau ih tsang siau-tsau le-khoen-khoen tau

yeu tien ih-tsh na ts we i-we na-nung 'a
LESSON No. 29

LUNG IUNG-KOK-NYUNG KUH MI-SING.
_ m
Si-kok-nyung soen Tsong-kok-nyung chi tsi-z zo pih lau vong"

pa ngeu-ziang z ngen-bung kuh z-thi, ngoo wo dih-kuh seh-wo z

veh tsho, dan z Si-kok-nyun a yeu mi-sing, yeu kuh mi-sing z

sung koo ts Tsong-kok, Yien dze ngoo iau nau Iun -kok nyung

mi-sing taung-tsong tsen hau siau-kuh pah yang z-thi fan-tsheh-
. R-
le peh na thing, (ih) Thaung-zen ih-tsah-keu yong kyah-tsaa le
.
tsa mung" hyien-tsheh dih-ka nyung ka iau bang-zah 3^eu si-nyung

kuh z-thi. (nyi) Sih-soeh nung-keu saung-s pak yang fokchi

zah-zen 'e-sah yi meh zieu iau veh suh deu tse san) Mau tang

pung-thi keh-meh sing-nyan^ ts tsiang-iau bang-zah kyih-chung
C 32 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

kuh z-thi tse. (s) Lau-au kyau kuh sung-iung tan kuh meh z

piau-ming" iau lauh yui tse, saung kuh meh z pi au-ming iau thien

zing'tse. (ng) Bih nyung-ka yang la kuh mih-fongf le zui la

nyi kuh ok-li meh nyi kuh ok-li tsiang iau yeu veh yuin-chi kuh

z-thi, tsheh-le-tse. (lok) Ien-ts tau vaung-ts-li le tsoo khop z hau

kuh z-thi, nau yi le long-sah-meh tsong iau ling-zah tse-nan tse.

(tshih) Nyung zah-zen nau siau-ncen kuh yiau-le le khong" yiau

meh di kuh siau-noen stiang-iau bang zah san^-bing lau tse-nan

tse. (pah) Bing nyung khoen-kyien koo-ts khok taung-tsong

yeu ts-ts ben la hwo di-kuh sang-bing* nyung kuh bing zieu we

hau tse. Ngoo siang zaung-deu kuh kyi-yang mi-sing kuh z-thi

tsong z lau-pe-li-kuh Iung-kok nyung siang sing kuh, 3rien-dze z
f
khe-thong tse tsong veh-kyien-tuh tse-la zah-ke kuh mi-sing tse

z-va.

LUNG IH KUH WAN-KOO-KUH SIEN-SANG.

La siau-tong-mung zu-i-long li yeu ih-kuh s-zok, di kuh 'auh-
P
daung li kuh sien-sang sing Li lau ming-deu kyau S-chung z San-
>1
tong nyang, yi pung le la dzung-nga-deu khe ih-ban siau-tien,
[33 ] ^


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

iung-we zuh pung lau yien-dze ke 'aung tse. Di we sien-sang

kuh bi-chi z tsoen koo-tsuh, ih nyih tau ya tsong-kwe yong" lau

fah le kyaa-zeu yi kuh 'auh-sang-ts. Di kuh 'auh-daung-li ih gong

yeu nyan kyi kuh nyung. Yeu ih nyih yeu liang kuh nyien-kyi

sau-we doo tien kuh 'auh-sang-ts tau yi mien-zien chi khung-jeu
#
yi ka-thien kyi-tsong sing-fah-su, ziang,-tshien-jung kuh di-li-ts,

lih-s lau soen-yah 'a li hyau-tuh yi ih-thing-kyien di kuh seh-

wo, yi zieu doo-doo-li dong-chi lau wo ngoo z Tsong-kok nyung

tsuh we kau Tsong-kok kuh sung-yien-su, nga-kok-su z nga-kok-

nyung dok kuh, zieu z sah-theh ngoo kuh deu meh, ngoo 'a veh-
A
zing-nyoen kau kuh, yien-dze ngco-nyi kuh lau-ka-tauug Thsing-

tau-di-faung zen peh nga-kok-nyung tsien ts chi tse, na tau wan-iau

dok nga-kok-su 'a; yi wo ba ts di kuh seh-wo zieu kwhung la

zaung-laung doo than-chi. Too-hwo 'auh-sing-ts khoen-kyien zeh-

ke kuh zing-iung da-ka zeh veh ken tse wo 'au chi tse dzong

tsh tsuh hau zung-jeu dok-dok ts'ootseyan".
LESSON No. 31

LUNG TAU-HE-NYUNG CHI KHOEN DZAU.

Zien nyih thih tsung z li-pa-nyih, ngoo nyi keh ts kyi kuh
C 34 ]


Lessons in The. Shanghai Dialect.
$ m
bang-yeu ih-dau tau He-nyung chi khoen dzau, da-ke kuh nvung

siang chi le di we dzau-s ih-ding pi waung-nyien le tuh kau,

dan-z ng'oo veu ih kuh bang-yeu wo di-we dzau-s vi pih kyi en
tf
tuh pi waung nyien kau, iung-we s i-kyung man doo tse.

Taung-z ngoo thing ts di kyui seh-wo yeu tien veh da siang-
#
sing, dan-z tau ts i-deu ih-khoen hyau ,tuh yi-kuh seh-wo z yeu

tien dau-li kuhLa tsau-zuug ng tien san khuh khe tsho tau
.
zia=jau kyeu tien ling ng fung, nan-meh 'au tsho tseu tau zen-

boo-deu chi tshung zen. Tau He-nyung ikyung yeu zeh=nyi-tien

san-khuh kwha tse, kyung kco kuh sloo s z zeh fung doo yeu

kyi diau ti kuh iau i-kyung peh s wen-zien tsing meh, nyi la

zen laung tsang-tsana hau beh-siang le, iungwe ih gong veu
i
s-zeh too tsah zen ih-lien-tshen hau ziang la se-zen. Tau ts He-

nyung zieu la we-zanpf-laung' chuh tsong-van, di tung van z

tsung- tsung bih-kyah le, chuh kuh zun^-kwaung ih ngan mmeh
a
tsh-zui kuh, hau ziang la tshiang le chuh, r-tshien chuh kuh meh-
_
z khoen zaung chi veh koen zing lau khau veh dzu kah, soo-i

chuh ts ih-n^an lau zieu veh chuh tse. Veh too ih hyih dzau-s
^
le tse, di we dzau tsung kuh veh da kau, pih-koo tshih-tshah

kau, na-nung lau nyi hyau-tuh kuh, ngoo kau-soo na,-thih-tsung

la nyi khcen kuh di-faung kuh mien-zien, s-li dzu ih kung s-


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

tshah, la dzau veh zung le kuh zung-kwaung z san-tshah kau,

dzau-s koo ts z zeh tshah, soo-i lau hyau-tuh z tshih tshah

kau yan, khcen koo ts 'eu-seu nyi zieu tse tshung zen tau
m m p.
Zia-jau, zaung" hoo-tsho, tau Zaung-he i-kyung z pah tieri san-

so-ng-fung tse.
LESSON No. 32

LUNG IH-PHIAU I-NGA KUH DZE-HYANG.

Tsong-kok kuh kwen-kyui, van-i ka-noen meh, pih-ding- iau

yai-ben ih-tsah soo-siang-ts, i kah li-hyang faun^-me-ts ta-hau

tsah kuh bah-poo-i-zaung, bah-poo-khoo-ts, bah-poo-juin lau sa.

Di-tscng siang-ts tsau li kong'-boo-doo-nyung dze s kuh z-'eu, veh
@
tsauh hyung khe kuh, soo-i yeu kuh nyung-ka kyungji=zen, faung-

ts nyi-san-seh nyien veh 2ung khe hyuh koo kuh. La phoo-tong

di-faung yeu ih kuh nyung, yi hyang-le z khau-ts kau-su chuh-
0
van kuh, 'eu-seu we ts yi kau le veh tuh-fah, lau peh la nyung-

ka we-dea-thuh tse, dzong tsh koo-nyih-kyah kung'ka kwhung-

nan-

Jung-le t-hien=chi zeh-ke-nyih, iau siang ma ih-jien tan-i-zaung"
f
le thi-we thi-we 'a ma-veh-chi. Yui zoo yi-siang-thien^khe, seh-
C 36 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

fah iau siang khe di-tsah soo-siang-ts le kyeu-kyeu-kyih, dan-z
f
we ts zih-kwan kuh yoen-koo, yi i veh ken meu-meu-zen khe, nan-

meh zieu chi tah yi kuh foo-nyung saung-liang lau ding-taung

la waung-hwung-deu nyang zing kuh z-'eu dong-seu tsoo. 'A-li
-
hyau-tuh ih-khe siang-ts zieu khoen-kyien ih kuh Tsong-kok-

nyung-'aung kah dzung-tseh, la i kuh laung dzung nyi-tshien-kwhe
g
yang-dien, ping-tshien i-kyung yeu kyeu-nyien kong-foo veh zung

chi nau koo li-dien kuh. Di kuh tseh-tsa z yi kuh dzang-m.thi

yi-la dzung kuh, khong-pho yi kuh nyui-si tsau-zah saung-z kuh

zung-kwaung, yeu sa choeh-sau dzang-toen meh zieu khau-i yong

tse. Di-we lau tha-tha tsung-tsung khau-i wo e yi kuh noen lau

juh-tau yi kuh nyui-si tse,
LESSON No. 33

LUNG TSONG DEU

Nyung la khan tsheh-s kuh z-'eu ting yong-yi zQfen-deu, zok-

nyui kyau thien-hwo, tsheh-thien-hwo z ih-tsaung ting we-hyien

kuh z-thi, ih kuh veh-tuh-fahzieu iau si, r-tshien 'a yong-yi koo-
\ f
nyung kuh, mi-sing kuh nyung i-we tsheh thien-hwo yeu zung-

dau kuh, iung tsh veh tsung ok-li-nyung chuh hwung-sing lau
C 37 ]


Lessons in Thi: Shanghai Dialect.
-
hah-seh-hah-wo, zeh-ke meh zung-dau khung pau-yeu tse, 'e,
_
chi-ve^-hyau-tuh di kuh deu 'a z 1 wung-yok huh ih tsong*, soo-i

lau nung-keu zenz^en yan

Tsong deu kuh fah-ts z dzong Tsong-kok chi-dea kuh, zieu z

nau deu-ga tah yah benoo-tsz kyau deu-miau, nau di kuh
. H
miau chi seh la nyung kuh bih-deu-li, kah tshih-nyih deu tsheh-

tsheh le tse. dzong' tsh thien-hwo khau-i mi en-theh, zen-r fah-vi-
f
zing-zen, soo-i 'a 3ren we ts tsong-deu lau si-theh kuh 't.u le di

kuh tsong-deu kuh fah-tseh 'an^-tan Eu-tseu, yeu ih-we lung-kok

yen.ming kuh i-sung, kyau Zi-neh. yi faung-tsau Tsong-kok

tsong-deu kuh fah-ts lau yong n37eu-deu le tsoo miaa, eh-ke-
.
nung yi fi ts ny an-nyien kuh kone-foo kuh nyien-kyeu khan-
i
khan zi.nor=tsheh tscng n37eudeu kuh faung-fah, si en nau yi

kuh nyi-ts le s=nyien, kco-zen tuh zah yau-nyien. La Zi-neh

khau-kyeu tsong n yeu-deu kuh z-'eu, tsong-nyung" zen iwe yi z

hah-tsoo, nyi-sing vi z yon^ iau-zeh, paung-yien-fung'-fung, yeu

nyung wo, tsong nyeu=deu kuh siau-noen yung-ziang pih-ding iau

pi en n veu, deu-laung we sang-kauh lau sung-iung a we ziang

nyea, 'eu-le yi kuh fah-ts dzien-dzien-nung ang-khe le lau, siang-

sing yi kuh nyunga dzien=dzien nung too tse, 'auh-i-sung kuh

nyung zien tsau 3ri kuh fah-ts, yi kuh fah-ts zung-ts-yui zen-phi en
_i
8
3
l_.^


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.
_
la 'Eu-tseu, dzong-tsh thien-hwo kuh e-tsh kyi-zih tse. Yien-

dze veh dan-z 'Eu- tseu, thien-'au kauh-kok zen 'ang tsong-nyeu-

deu, la tsoo-ka laung kung-ka zah-dzong, soo-i Kong-boo-jok-

la kauh-tshu khe s-tsong-nyeu-'deu kuh dzang-hwo yi la veh seu sa

tsong- fi lauau-kyung dzoe-bien-sa-nyung zing-nyoen chi tsong

meh, zen khau-i bah-tsong, iung-we Kong-boo-jok kuh mok-tih, z

iau yui-baung tsoo-ka-laung yea sa zen-zoen-bing 'yan.
LESSON No. 34

LUNG TSHO TS

Zaung-he z Tsong-kok ting doo kuh thong-saun kheu-ts

dzoe bien sa meh-z veh lung chuh kuh, yong kuh, tshoen kuh

dzong bih-kok le tsong sien iau yuin tau Zaung-he, soo-i Zaung-

he kuh hwo yang z ting too, zieu z kaung tau tsho-ts, i kuh
+
yang-suh lau tsong-le 'a z veh sau, yea siau-tsho-ts, tong-yang-

tsho,' kyah-dah-tsho, mo-tsho, dien-tsho, chi-tsho, dza ts di kuh

i-nga5 wan yeu kauh-tsong kuh thah-tsho, la-si-tsho, kwung-loo-

tsho, lau doo siau kuh fung-tsho. Ngoo yien^dze iau sau we

kaung-kaung, zoo kuh tsho-ts, phoo-thong kuh nyung tsuh-

khau-i zoo-zoo waung-pau-tsho, 'ok z ke ih-boo pau-tsho, lau
C 39 ]


Lessons in The. Shanghai Dialect.

m-meh dong-dien kuh nyung tshuh hau tshung-tshung san-tung

dien-tsho, yien-dze nyih laung ting kwheh kuh nyung meh zieu
f
z zoo-chi-tsho, di kuh chi-tsho z hau, i kwha, i seh-i, i z-mau,

we ts, ka-dien kyuisooi ke kuh nyung veh z ting-too, yeu kuh
a
nyung dzong chi tsho aung-li pau kah, 'a yea kuh nyung z

kyau kuh, dan z tsau ngoo kuh i-s wan z ting hwe-hyi zoo-zoo

diea-tsho. Na khoen Zauag-he di-faung nyung lau tsho-ts zeh-

ke nung too, zieu z ting kwheh kuh mc-looa z gah le liau

veh tuh soo-i dzang-tsauag yea tsho-ts tshaung-'oo kuh z-thi,

dan z dien-tsho z tsho-ts taung-tsong ting doo kuh, tsuh hau i

chi dzaung bih-boo, lau bih kuh tsho-ts veh nung le dzaung tau

i, zeh ke nung meh i-'wuug lau i bien-nyi, r-tshien zoo la hwo

tong noen au liang, hau ziang ih boo kong gong kuh chi-tsho.

Yeu kuh zung-kwaung yeu zeh-kyi kuh bang-yen zoo la ih-dau

ts khau-i dan-dan kaung-kaung, dan z yeu kuh nyung iau bien-

pok lau wo, tshung-dien-tsho hau z hau kuh jang z jan^ kuh

khau-sih yeu kuh zung-kwaung" we ts tshang dien-tsho lau tih-

sah tse) di kuh seh-wo veh tsho, zen-r si-si-nung chi dzo-dzo

zieu hyau-tuh yi z we ts thiau-dien-tsho lau tih sah kuh, di kuh

nyung z kyau ke si.


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.
LESSON No. 35

LUNG VEH TSHEN NYI-TOO-AGAN.
.
dze Tsong-kok nyai-nyung dzu theh zen-kyah kuh ok-


Yien

fong:-dzok ts nga wan yeu ih-yang iung-ke kwa-tien fi-theh kuh

z-thi, zieu z tshen nyi-too-ngan. Kaung-tau tshen nyi-too kuh i-
_
s m-meh bih yang kuh yoen-koo, pih koo we ts hau ta choen lau

ts aung-seh le tshui-tien, dan z wo tau nyung kuh tshui lau pho

veh dze 'oo ih-n^an-ngan siau le si kuh choen, z dze '00 thien-

zen kuh hau-khoen. Nyung sang tuh m-ts-suh lau veh za-kyung,

soe-zen ta choena vi-pih we than nyung kuh hwe-hyi, Ngoo dzang-

tsaung thing-kyien nyung wo tson^-kok z na-nung" na-nung kuh

jong, tsau ngoo wo chi le Tsong-kok kuh tsung-foo z tsung kuh

jong- tuh peh kh^en, dan z Tsong-kok kuh pah-sing ih-ngan veh

jong veh iau seen sa bih-yang, tsuh iau chi soen-soen nyui-nyung

ma choen kuh ,fi-yong^ i-kyung veh sau tse. Choen meh yea

kyung, nyang, tsung-ts, pau-zah, lau kyung-kaung-tsen, i kuh

siang-fah 'a z veh-dong kuh, zeh dong-dien kuh pau-zah meh seu-

kong-dien man-kyui, zah-zen veh tshen nyi-too-ngan, keh-meh

yong veh-zah ta-choen, veh ta chcen di-pih kwhen-ts zieu khau-i

sang ,'aa-le tsoo-tsoo4 bih-yang yeu ih kuh z-thi, waung-waung
C 41 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

khoen-kyien sing'-vun^-ts laung" wo, meu-tshu-mea-di-faun^ yeu

nyui-nyung ih-koen-ts tse a loo, n 5a-too laung kuh choen peh

nyung pe-theh tse, lau nyi-too ra peh yi pe-hwah, di kuh z we ts

nyi-too laung kuh meh-z ting-yong-yi yung-nyang chi-ngan chi

tshiang. Kaung tau tshen nvi-too-ngan chuh kuh khoo-dea chah-

zeb. pi zen-kvah chuh kuh khoo-dea sau, dan z i kuh fi- yong pi
"
zen- kyah too tuh too tse, ngoo choen na ts-we ting-hau veh iau

thi na kuh siau-tsia tsoo di kuh liang-tsaunp e nyung kuh z-thi.
LESSON No. 36

LUNG IH TSHIEN KYEU PAK NY AN IH NYIEN

KUH THIEN-CHI.
_
Kyung"^nyien dzong" lih-'au kuh 'eu-seu, thien-chi ih-ngan veh

tsung, waung-nyien di kuh zun^-kwaung, too tsah tan-san 'ok-z

sosankyang-nyien tsah ts kah-au wan kauh-zah lang, r-tshien
If
dzan -tsaung" lauh=yui, zeh-nyih li-hyan^ tson^ }reu tshih-nyih z

lauh-yai, di kah tau ti z we sa yoen-koo nvi.?
+
Yen nyang dzo-khau tsheh le wo, di kuh z kwan-yi tha-yang

mien-laung soo fah tsheh le kuh huh-tien kuh yoen-koD yan, la

ih tshien kyeu pak zeh san nyien kuh z-'eu,' di tsong huh-tien ih
C 42 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

ngan m-meh kuh, tau ih tshien kyeu pak zeh tshih nyien kuh

zung-kwaung, hweh-zen yien tsheh le yeu san-zeh too tien kuh

huh-tien, 'eu le meh veh da khoen-kyien tse, tau kyung-nyien
f
kuh ng-nyoeh li i yien tsheh ting too kuh hah-tien, i kuh zeh-

kvang" da yah yeu nyi man iung-li. Dzong di kuh huh-tien fah-yien
.
kuh 'eu-seu, thien-chi zieu ih ngaa veh tsunef tse, iung we yi-pan
,
dzo-khau kuh nyung wo, la di kuh huh-tien li, yeu ih tsong" veh-
.
tseh, zieu kyau ping-bau, zah-zen di kah pin^-bau lauh-tau di

laung, i nung-kyeu s thien-chi zeh-fung lang lau nyih-nyih lauh-

yui.
LESSON No. 37

LUNG CHOEN-MIEN NGA-KOK ZING-BOO DOK
,
TSONG-KOK-SU.

Kyi nyien zien deu Kong-boo-jok-li kuh tong-z da-ka saung
. ff
liang 'ang tsheh in-diau sing kuh kwe-kyui, zeu-z van-i nga-
_
kok-nyung" tau Tsong-kok le taung zing-boo meh, pih sui iau yi-
.
la dok Tsong-kok su, iung-we veh tong Tsonh-kok wo, da-ka

yong-yi ngoo we, lau veh bien-taung-kuh. Tsuh pho yi-la taung-

tscng yeu kuh nyung veh khung dok, di kah 'a veh nung ngang-
C 43 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.
,
pih kuh, soo-i siang ih kuh fah-ts mien-li yi-la s tuh yi-la

z-ka iau dok, zieu z peh yi-la tsiang-li-kyung, di tsong tsiang-

kyung kuh too sau z veh dong kuh, z tsau ts Tsong-kok wo

dzung-doo kuh kau ti lau ding-taung kuh. Soe-zen zeh-ke, yeu

kuh nyung zune-jea veh da kau-hyung dok su, yi-la wo 'auh

Tsong-kok wo z 'loo-soo lau van-nan kyi luh kuh, di kyui seh-

wo z veh tsho, dan-z iau siang tau too-hau nga-kok-nyung, hwah

theh ts yi la kuh 'aun^-nyih, lau li-khe ts yi-la kuh kya-hyang

siang tau Tsong-kok le chuh doo kuh van, zah-zen di kuh ih-

ngan siau z-thi veh nung-keu nen-singauh zaung chi meh, na-

nung khau-i tsoo doo-z-thi, lau chuh doo kuh van nyi Hwaung-
a
tshiena veh z ih-sang-ih-s ih-zuh iau tsoo zing-boo kuh, tsong
.
iau po-maung hyih liang nyih tsco doo-sia," tsoo nyi-pan lau

tsoo da-pan,ih-ngan ih-ngan kau-sung zaung chi yan. Zien

deu veh tong Tsong-kok-wo wan veh iau kyung yien-dze tuh zah
.
ts doo kuh we-ts lau veh tong Tsong-kok wo z doo chuh chui
-
tse, soo-i maung na kok-we veh-iau. tshoo koo di kuh hau-kyi-

we, lauauh zaung chi, la zing-boo-vaung li ban z-thi z ih-kuh,

zih-lien Tsong-kok wo kuh hau-kyi-we, iung-we bang-zah kuh

Tsong-kok oen-jien z too. R-tshiena veh iau fi na sa dong-

dien, lau bah 'auh kuh, tsheh ts dih kah dzang-hwo, lau tse iau
C 44 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

siangauh, ngoo siang z yeu tien van-nan kuh tse.
LESSON No. 30
'
LUNG IH KUH THI-DEU-ZIANG LAU TAH TS

IH TSAH TUNG TS.

Zauh-nyih ngoo tseu koo Yang-kyung-pang-loo khoen-kyien
-m .
ih-juin-nyung zen ajkhoen, ngoo ji-kwa lau 'a gah tsing chi

khoen-khoen, khoen-kyien ih kuh nyien-kyi chung kuh thi-deu-s-voo
it
200 la di laung khok, banner pien yeu ih kuh nyung mung yi we

sa khok, yi we deu wo, khan-khan yeu ih kuh nyung la ngoo

di-faung tsien deu-fahtsien hau ts deu-fah 'eu le meh ngoo tah

yi zing:-deu, thih-tsung- ngoo la tah yi zing-deu kuh zung-kwaung,

h weh-zen 'eu-mien yeu ih kuh nyung le nau yi zoo kuh tung ts
&
tuh ts chi tse, yi tuli kuh zung-kwaung yi yau-seu lau kyau ngoo

veh iau hyang, taung z ngoo dau nynng ts di kuh nyung z le

ah-deu kuh nyung kuh bang-yeu yan, sco i ngoo nyang yi chi-
-
hyih lau veh zung hyang kuh. 'Eu le zing hau ts deu di kuh

nyung iau zoo 'au chi tse, ngoo kau-soo yi wo," khan-khan yeu
-
ih kuh nyung na-nung le nau tung ts tuh ts chi tse, yi wo, veh

z ngoo kuh bang-yeu, kwha-tien chi zing," nan-meh ngoo zieu
[45 ]


Lessons in The. Shanghai Dialect.
_
chi zing tse, 'a li hyau tuh tung-ts zing-veh-zah, lau di kuh
>
gah-deu kuh nyung i peh-ts-chui-hyan g tse, thingkyien kuh

nyung zen wo Zaung-he kuh kwa-phien z-thi yo eh-tsh eh yoeh-hyi-

ji tse.
LESSON No. 39

LUNG NEN-KYUNG LIH-'AU-NYIH KUH TSHUI-Z.

Kyung'-nyien tshung-thien ngoo la Nen- kyoing, soo-i s-nyoeh

tshoo-zeh lih-'r.u-tsih 'a z la i-dea koo kuh, Nen-kyung' lih-'au-

nyih yeu tshui kuh z-thi z ting too, yien dze ngoo pib-koo iau

kaung san-yang peh na thing. Di-ih-yang tshung-nyung; i-

nyih-laung' ka-ka-nyung-ka zien iau ycng doo tshung le tshung-

nyungf, iung-we yi-la wo tshung kco kuh nyung meh, 'au-thien

sung-thi ih-ding" we-tuh jang-jien, veh-zung tshung-kco kuh nyung

meh, pih-ding seu- zah.
_
Di kuh. z siang-zen 'au-le kuh lau-kwen-kyui, Zaung-he-nyung

'a z zeh-ke wo fah,ting hau-beh-siang la i-deu nen-mung-nga-deu

kuh ih-ban mi-tien mung khue-deu kwo ts ih-kwe dootshungpien
m
deu thih ts ih tsang ts diau wo lau, liang kuh dong-pan tshung-
f
ih-tshung, i-nyih laung kuh don g-dien tau peh yi dze tuh veh sau,


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.
f
di kuh 'a z ih tscng yi-siang-thien-khe kuh dze-dzien-fah-yan. Di-

nyi-yang, zoo-rnung-khan zok-nyui wo lih-'au-nyih zoo ts mung-khan

'au-thien ih-ding iau tang khuh-tshong, lau zeh-mi-veh-sing-,

soo-i i kuh ih-nyih i-pan mi-sicg kuh nyui-nyung zeh-fuug- taung-
If
sing", r-tshien kyung-dz yi la kuh siau-noen bang-'a veh khau-i bang

mung-khan.

Di-san-yang, chuh-we-deu-kau; lih-'au-nyih Nen-kyung kuh

fong-zok, ka-ka-nyung-ka zien-iau chuh we-deu-kau, yi-la i-we

chuh-ts meh khau-i mien-theh fah-so lau hok-loen-too-sia kuh

ih-tung z-yoeh-bing tse.
LESSON No. 40

LUNG PHAH TSHAUNG-IUNG KUH Z-THI.
.
La kyi-li-pa zien-deu la nen-tshing-nyien-we li khan ih kuh

we-sung tsien-lan-we, yeu ih-nyih ngoo thih-tsung yeu tien khong-

an kuh lcong-foo, ngoo zieu tseu-tsing-chi khoen-khoen, khoen-
, .
kyien yeu san-yang tshok-mok-kyung-sing kuh meh-z, zieu-z ih-

tsah doo-lau-dzong, ih-kuh doo-mung'-ts, lau ih kuh doo-tshaung-
.
iung, di kuh san-yang meh-z veh z tsung kuh, z yong ts-deu tsoo-

tsheh-le kuh san tsan tung yan, pih koo i kuh yung-zaung kyau-
C 47 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect

kwan ziang tsung kuh. Dzu thuh ts di kuh san-yang i nga, wan

yeu too-hau doo-wo hvien ming" we-sung tah ts veh we-sung kuh

saung-'e lau ih-tshu a ye'a web-dong* iung-hyi, piau-ming zaung-

deu san-yang dong"-veb na-uung na-nung kuh 'e-nyung.

Ngoo yien-dze veh di sa bih-yang pih-koo iau sau-we kaung-

kaung na-nung khau-i kan-sau tshaung-iung kuh 'e-tsbu. Ngoo-

nyi 11 yun^-nyang hyaa-tuh tshaung-iung z zen-zen bing-yoeh

kuh me-kya, nan 'au chi thien-chi iau dzien-dzien-nuno nyih tse,

'e-n3^ng kuh tshaung iung 'a iau doo-doo-li tsheh-s tse, ngoo yeu ih

kuh bang-veu la Soo-tseu tsoo kyau-zih kuh, yi wo, iau chi-theh

t&haunR-iung" veh z la yi-la i-kyung tsheh-le kuheu-seuiung-

ke la yi-la veh zung tsheh-s kah i-zien chi suh-fah long-sah yi-

la,
LESSON No. 41

LUNG PHAH-TSHAUNG-IUNG KUH Z-THI,

AU PEN DOEN.

Soo-i lau yi yui-be ts ta-po t sh au ng- iu n g- ph ah nau tau Sung-

nyih-'auh-daung li chi, te too-hau siau-noen wo, "ngoo yien-dze

iau tah na tsoo ih-tsaung sang-i, zieu z ngoo nau di kuh phah
[48 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

tsia-petna, lau na la na kuh ok-li, 'ok z siang-jung" na ok-li kuh

di-faung, chi zing tshaun^-iung" le phah-sah lau nau i kuh too-

hau phah-sah la kuh tshaung-iung" zui-chi-le pau-hau la ts-deu-li,

ok z fating la bih yang m-yong-dzang kuh ka-sang" li, pih-koo

taung-sing veh iau nau tshaun?-iung-tsok z i kuh fung, thah la

seu laung 'ok z bih kuh meh-z laung, zah zen thah zah tse, keh

meh pih-ding iau zing-koen-zing sea laa kha-koen-zing meh-z. La
.
'aa-li-pa-nyih na tau Sung-nyih-'auh-daung li le kuh zung-kwaung

nau i kuh too-hau phah-sah la kuh tshaung-iang" ta tuh le ma
.
peh ngoo ih-dien ih kuh, too hau siau-noen thing-kyien ts di kuh

seh wo zien zeh fung kha-weh. Tau ts 'au-li-pa-nyih, me ih kuh

siau-noen zien kau-kau hyung-hyung nau ts phah-sah la kuh
_
tshaung'-iung le we dong-dien, Li-sien-sang zieu tshung tsh kyi-

we kaung peh yi-la thing tshaung-ziung kuh too-hau 'e-tshu, ping

tshien te yi-la wo, ih kuh lau-tshaung-iung iau sang tsheh s-seh-

man tshih-tshien-too kuh siau-tshaung-iung.
_
Yien-dze na siau-noen thi di-faung-laung chi-theh-ts 'e-nyung

kuh tong-si, soo-i lau ngoo iau song na dong-dien, yien-dze na

zung-jeu tsoo 'au chi, pih-koo nan-,au-chi tshaung-iung iau too

tse, lau yong-i phah tse, keh-lau ma-ka ,a iau bien-fiyi-tien. Zeh-
l
ke-tsoo-fah, ih-mien khau-i kan-sau 'e-nyung kuh tshaung-iung,
C 49 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

ih-mien khau-i s khoo-nau kuh siau-noen dzan liang kuh dong-

dien, di kuh tsung-tsung kyau ih-kyui-liang-tuh-yan
LESSON No. 42

LUNG CHUH S-KOO IAU ZEH-FUNG TAUNG-SING

Da-ken-kaung-kyeu we-sung kuh nyung, chuh kuh meh-z ih-
fi
ding z man-taung-sing" kuh, chuh tsau-van kuh ziendeuiau chuh-
#
tien s-koo, tsong- van lau ya-van kuh 'eu- seuj 7a iau chuh-tien

s-koo, r-tshien chuh kuh s koo, pih-ding iau kan ting-hau la a
.
veh lan kuh, iung we 'oo-lan kuh s-koo z yeu dok kuh, dan-z

bing-dzang kuh nyung tsah khau-kyeu veh chuh lan s-koo lau sang-

s-koo chuh tien veh nge kuh, ngoo iau kyau-soo na chuh sang-

s-koo kuh 'e-tshu 'a z man doo kuh. Veh too kyi-z ngoo tau Zeh-
. _
pung* chi beh-siang, yeu ih-nyih, Zang-ji-kaung-nga seu-yong

siau-'uah-daung li kuh yau-tsang, le tshing ngoo tau yi kuh 'auh-

daung li chi chuh-van, la di kuhaulidaung kuh yoen li yeu kyi-khoo

"ang^dau-dza, dzu laung khan-khan kyib ang-dau, nan- meh yea ng

kuh thoen-ts kuh 'auh-sang-ts bo tau dzu laung, chi tshan ang-dau

le chah, chuh ts 'eu-seu ng kuh nyung taung-tsong ih kuh hweh-

zen si thuh lau liang kuh sang juh-dzong kuh mau-bing, wan yeu
[5o ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

liang kuh m-sa, 'eu le diau-dzo tsheh le, l^au-teh chuh veh zok
.
kuh ang-dau z ting- dok, zeh ke khcen chi le chuh sang-s-koo

a z iau doo-doo li taung-sing
LESSON No. 43

LUNG AUH-ZIH SIA-Z-

Kaung-tau sia-z kuh ih tsaung z-lhi, veh khau-i wo me kuh

doh-s-nyung zen we sia hau-z, 'a veh khau-i wo m-'auh-vang kuh

nyang, veh we-tuh sia hau-z, nong" khoen waung-waung yeu too-

hau tshih-ziang-s-voo, sia kuh z tau m-sa, lau i-pan kyau-nine-

deu kuh doh-s-nyung sia le tau veh-juh yi-la, wo tau sia nga-kok-

z yih-zen-z tsh, we sa yoen-koo nyi, di kuh taung-tsong yeu ih

kuh pi-kyoeh zieu-z la yi chi-deu zih-lien kuh zung-kwaung ah-

zung tsau kwe-kyui lau tsh-zui lien-zih kuh, wan z zoen-i loen^
_m
waho Ngoo yien-dze veh di na-nung zih nga-kok z, iung-we na ts-

we ikyangf hyau-tuh la tse, ngoo iau kaung peh na thing na-nung

'auh-sia Tson^-kok-z. Tsoo z^en-bien sa kuh z-thi zen iau yeu kuh

tsh-zui, sia-z 'a iau yeu tsh-zui, i kuh tsh-zni di-ih faung ih-ngan

s la nyien=de-li pih-koo veh-iau thuh-too, di-nyi moo-muh, veh-iau
<
yong-lih thuh-dzong, di- san iau tshah-khoen muh-kuk nyong-lau-
[5i ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect

dan, koo-vung-nyong iau sia veh khe z kuhkoo-vung dan iau

hvcIau khoen-veh-tsheh, muh moo le tsung-hau ts, zieu nau boo

ts faung teen-tsung la de-ts-laung, zen-'eu nau pih bah-tsheh le
^
lau tau nyien-de laung chi tsan-muh Tsan muh kuh z-'eu veh-
& .
lchau-i thuh-sah 'a veh-khau-i thuh-kcen, iung'-we Tsong-kok-sia-

z-ts tah nga-kok-siazts liang yang kuh, thuh-sah iau hwo kuh.

Kaung tau nyah-pih 'a yeu ih-ding kuh yans:-suh, doo-tsih-deu tah

nyi-tsih-deu gah-lau pih-kang kuh tsong-doen, san-tsih-dea thih-jung

la nyi-tsih-deu kuh pien-dea, s-lau-ng laing-tsah tsih-deu la pih-kang

kuheu-mien, pih nyah hau ts, kaung-tau zoo-fah 'a iau zeh-fung

taung-sing, deu iau tsung, sung iau zeh, iau veh khau-i chok,

liang tsah-kyah veh-khau-i faung la de-ts nga-deu, ih- tshih kuh

yang-ts zen tsau kwe-kyui lau yui-be hau tseeu le meh man-man-
.
nung ih-pih, ih-pih kuh tsau-ts z-yang lau sia-'au-chi, sia kuh z-
.
'eu pih-wah iau lieu-sing, z siahau tse, yong s zing-koen-zing
m m
pih, lau yong pih-thau thau-chi-le, me-nyung zah-zen nung-keu
_
tsau di kuh tsh-zui lau zih-lien meh, z-zen-r-zen nung-keu sia
1
hau-z tse,


Lessons in The Shamgi-iai Dialect.
LESSON No. 44
k
LUNG TSOO KONG-NYI KUH NYUNG IUNG-KE

TSING-IH-JEU-TSING.
.
S ng nyien zien-dea ngoo tau Tien-tsing lau Pok-kyung chi

beh-siang, i-deu ting fah dah kuh ih-yang 'aung-nyih zieu-z tsuh

zau di-than, doo-doo siau-siau kuh kong'-dzang veh ts yeu kyi-hau

ban-soo, soo tsheh kuh veh-phing zien z siau Me-kok lau Ka-na-

da ih-tung di-faung, ngoo 'a zang-kvung yong song kwhe yang-

dien ma koo ih diau di-than, tsung-tsung z ka-lien-veh-me.

Jeu-nyien ngoo i tau pok-pien chi beh-siang, lau tse siang

ma kyi-diau di-than, 'a-li hyau-tuh ngoo zing-le zing-chi zing-veh-

zah di-tsong kong-dzang, tau 'eu-le la ih-diau lang-zing kuh long-

daung-li zing zah ts ih-ka lau, khoen-kyien tsuh-kyi lau kong-

nyung z jub-sau, juh-sau kuh, ih-tshih chi-ziang tah zien-deu z doo-
_
lians;-yang-tse, zien-deu so-ng-kwhe yang-dien kuh ih-diau di-

than, yien-dze tsuh iau ma s-kwhe tsoo yeu, ngoo tsang-tsung

mok-ming-ji-miau. 'Eu-le ngoo si-si-nung tang-thing* lau khan-

khan hyau-tuh, la nyi-nyien zien-deu di-than siau yang-tsauag z

ting hyung-waunma-ka z tsang ts tse tsang, ka-dien soe-zen zeh-

ke kyui, ding-hoo dzung-jeu too lau le veh ji tsuh, soo-i tsoo
C 53 ]


Lessons in The. Shanghai Dialect.

di-than sang-i kuh nyung m-meh veh liz-zeh-be, khau-sih khau-

sih yi-la kuh ngan-kwaune theh-tshien li-sing theh-dzong, i we la di

kuh l .
i meh yila veh koo bih-yanotse-mung la nyoen-liau laung

nyung-kong laung kwah-bi, s tuh dzung-pang siau lau li-sih 'eu,

zeh ke tsoo fah tsheh-phing-hoo z-zen the-pan tse. 'Eu-le-meh

veh dan z nga-kok veh le ding-hoo zieu z i-kyung tsaung tsheh-
m .
kheu kuh hoo-seh 'a dzien-dzien-nun^ the-tsen-le we ts di kuh yoen-

koo, di-than sang-i zieu man-man-nung se-ba-tse, yeu kah tshang

meh kwan-theh, yeu kuh tsu-nyung meh dau-tseu, long-tuh ih-
.
ba doodidi kuh zieu-kyau thoen-sing peh-tsok pung-li zien seh

yan,
LESSON No. 45

LUNG NYEU-NA LAU DEU-VOO-TSIANG KUH Z^THI.
;rH
Yeu too-hau nyung siang tsoo nyeu-na sang-i z ting hau kuh

sang-i, dan-z yi-la veh zung" si-si-nung dzo-khau ming-bak di kuh

z-thi. Zien-deu nyeu-na-bang kuh sang-i z dzan dong'-dien, wets

chuh kuh meh-z jang kong-dien lau vaung-dien tah ts ji-yui kuh
m
ih*tshih khe-siau zien sang, soomeh nyeu-na kuh ma-kaa jang,


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

lau chuh-khah meh 'a too, lau sang-i meh z zen hyung-waung

tse. R-tshien dzong-zieri khe nyeu-na-bang yong veh-zah-sa

tsau-we, lau ma-nyeu-na kuh nyung khau-i s\iang-s la nyeu=na

li, lau yeu hau kah dzan-deu, yien-dze z veh nung keu tse, dzo-

tsheh-le ih ding iau zeii vah Kauh-yang zuh-fi zien iau ka-zaung-

chi, nyeu-na z-zen iau kyui tse, chuh kuh nyung sau meh, sang-

i zieu the-pan tse.

Tse yeu ih-yang khau-pho kuh z-thi, zieu z leh-la Zaung-he

di faung yen 11 yeu' wung-yok, wung-yok kuh zung=kwaung too-hau

nyeu pih-ding iau si, zeh-ke meh zieu iau ,doo-zehpung tse, veu

ta-ban nyeu-na "bang we-ts lih veh' dzu lau kwan thuh tse. Da-

kan chuh nyeu-na knh nyung" veh chuh nyeu-na veh z we ts bih-

yang yoen-koo, z we-ts ka-dien kyui keh-veh-soen lau veh kau-

hyung chuh kuh, Jung-le yeu nyung dzo-khau deu-voo-tsiang

kuh ts-3rang-liau zeh dze veh the-pan, ping-tshien i-kyung yeu too-

hau si-kok-nyung nyien-kyeu i kuh dzung-vungyi-la wo, i kuh li-

hyang kuh dan-bah-tsuh maci-too, lau tse phe poo nyung kuh

sung-thi, lau i kuh kong-yiau tah ts nyeu-na zeh-dze tsho-veh-too,

ping-tshien yeu kuh di-faung" sung-koo ts nyeu-na, iung-we nyeu-

na yeu kuh zung-kwaung yeu bing-dzauh lau deu-voo-tsiang m-

meh kuh. Yein-dze i-kyung" yeu nyung tshaung-ban we-sung deu-
E 55 ]


Lessons in The. Shanghai Dialect.

voo-tsaing-tshang, pih-koo ngan-zien di kuh sang-i wan veh zung

zeh-fung fah-dah, iung-we yeu too-hau nyung veh da siang-sing

chuh yan.
LESSON No. ai

LUNG IH TSAH HYI-JI KUH TS-LOO.

Zien-nyih ngoo yeu tien z-thi tau dzung li chi, kyung-koo
^
Tau-tshe-long khoen-kyien la ih-ka-nyung-ka kuh mung-kheu-deu,

zui zih ts too-hau nyung lau gah le liau veh tuh. Thih-tsung la

zeh-ke tshau-nau kuh z-'eu hweh-zen thing-kyien yen nvung wo,

leakhoeti ih-yang koo-kwa kuh meh-z, ih kuh aong-pan

khoen-ih-khoen," ngoo hau beh-siang" lau zieu gah tsing-chi,
.
khoen-kyien ih kuh hyang-7au-nyung, seu-li ling ts ih-tsah mok-
m
siang, mok-siang kub zaung-deu meh ke ts ih-kwhe-bah-poo, ngoo

zieu nau-tsheh ih kuh dong-pan, hyau khe le ih khoen, khoen-

kyien ih tsah siau-ts-loo, tseu-sung zien z huh-mau, i kuh su^ng-

thi da-iah yeu ih-tshah-too dzang, lau tah bing-zang kuh ts-loo

sau we yeu tien veh dong kuh. I kuh mien-siang' kyi au-kwan

ziang ih tsah ts, dan z la i kuh deu kuh tsoo-pien, ling-nga

sang ih kuh deu, r, mok, kheu, bih zien yeu kuh, pih koo woo-


Lessons; in The Shanghai Dialect.

doo lau veh da tshing-sau ng.

Di tsah liang-deu-ts z yea tien hyi-ji, veh hyau-tuh ts we

dzong-zien ah zung khoen-kyien koo kuh.
LESSON No. 47

LUNG TANG-TSIAU WAN Z TANG-SAU HAU.

Me we tau tshih-nyoeh li Tsong-kok-nyung iau tshing tsoo-

zaung 'ok tse dau-z le tang-tsiau, iung=we yi la siang-sing la di
.
kuh ih-nyoeh-li iung-kan kuh yok-kyui lau yoen-kyui zen iau faung

tsheh le lau long-song lau long-sah yang-kan kuh ny imsoo-i
A _
yeu too-hwo nyung meh iau sang-bing lau si theh, yi la siang

tsoo ts di kuh hyui-ka kuh z-thi meh, khau-i bi-theh di kuh wan-

nan tse. chi veh z khau-sih va, kaung-tau 'wung-yok kuh

yoen-koo, doo-pen zen-z we ts dau-loo veh koen-zing, lau pah-

sing m-meh kong-^ong we-sung kuh kyien-suh, nyang- tco-hwo kuh

tshaung-iung, mung-zong sang-tsh eh le, lau tse chi chuh peh

tshaung-iung lau mung'-zong ting-koo kuh meh-z. Ping-tshien la

tan^-tsiau kuh di-faung tsong-z khoen kuh nyung meri kyiau-

kwan, pa la kuh kong tshen meh zen-peh tshaung-iung" la tsauh,

lau zeh-fung-chi-mi, zeh-ke yang'-suh veh sang-bing z-zen we-
C 57 3


Lessons in The. Shanghai Dialect.

tuh san^'-bing tse, Tsau ngoo kuh i-s wan veh-zu nau di-pih dong-

dien chi too yono liang kuh nyuns sau-sau koen-zing ka-dau, lau

thong-thong iung-keu s tuh vi-sungzong veh sang khe le, lau ok-
,
li-hyang" meh 'a seu-tsauh seu-tsauh tshing-saung" keh-meh zih-bing

z-zen we tuh sau tse.
LESSON No. 48
,
LUNG YEU-LIH MOK-KOEN-SAN.

Mo-koen-san z Tsuh-kaung si-nen 'kuh ih kuh yeu ming-sang

kuh di-faunp", san-tshing-s-sieu pi ts Kaung-si kuh Koo-ling wan
.
iau hau, nROO la kvi-nyien z'en-deu beh-siang di kah dzang-hwo,
^
z ih-phien-hwauny-di, lau dzu kuh nyunga z sau juh kuh. Kyung-
#.
nyien 'au-thien tau di kuh di-faung z doo-liang yang tse, fong-

kyunga z doo ken-pien, tshu-tshu zen yeu zah-loo, tsok-yoen

lau dzu-ling, san-kyah-'au yeu sing=khe kuh mo-loo kyau long-
.
ziang loo z zien-deu Voo-khaung-ling Dzau-lumping sien-sang soo

tsauh kuh.
_
Di-diau mo-loo z zang-lau kwheh, r-tshien 'a man koen-zing
IM'
kuh, loo baung pien kuh dzu-ling z ting meu-zung, yeu-khah chi
^
hyeu-sih la- i kuh dzu-lingau-deu z kok-zah saung-sing-yoeh-


Lessons tn The Shanghai Dialect.

mok, san-ting-laung" yeu kyi-seh-dzaung nga-kok-vaung-ts, tse-

mung we ts chi bi-su knh nyung lau zau kuh, soo-i me-we tau

'au-thien kuh zung-kwaung nyung kung-ka hyung-waung. Di-zoo
_
san laung ting kau kuh di-faung z kyau Thah-san, la di kuh

laun^ khe-phih ih kuh kong-yoen, yi kuh li ih tshih kuh poo-
_
ts z ieu- ya-tuh-fi-van, di kuh hwo-yoen z zau le peh yeu-khah

beh-siang kuh, veh zung chi koo kuh nyung ngoo po-maung na

'a chi kyien-suli kyien-suh iung we la i-deu yeu ih-zoo vaung-ts

z Zaung-he Kong-boo-iok ma-la-kuh, i-ts Kong-boo-jok li kuh

tsuh-yoen chi z man bien-taung kuh.
LESSON No. 49

LUNG HOO-DZAH KUH SING-VUNG.

Tsoo-ka laung kyeu-hoo kuh fah-tsuh z ting kwha, zien-deu

kyeu-hoo-tsho z yong-mo thoo kuh, yien-dze ke-yong chi-tsho,

yi kah tsho-ts kuh kwha ziang fi, soe zen tsho-sah nyung 'a veh
.
ti-oiing kuh, r-tshien jung-le veh khau kyung-tsong lau yong

dien-wo pau-kau kyeu-hoo-we

Zah-zen bang-zah sa hoo-tsauh kuh z=thi kyeu-hoo-yoen lau
.
zing-boo- vaung- i-kyang hyau-tuh tse, yi-pan lieu-maung tau mok-
I 59 ]


Lessons tn The Shanghai Dialect.

ts-mok-kok, fah-tsuh soe-zen-haa, dan-z yeu kuh zun^'-kwaung 'a

zung-kong doo-hoo-tse z we sa yoen-koo nyi. Da-ke z we ts

vaung-ts kah kyien-tsauh too mokliaui z we ts vaung-ts thuh

mang mih lau m-meh khong-di.- Ngoo yien-dze iau kaung kyun-

nyien san-nyoeh li bang zah kuh liang-tsaiing hoo-tse; ih meh

zieu-z Hoen-kheu-loo Siau-ling-long ts-tsah-tien li kuh lau-pan

tsih-zeu ts Soo-tseu le dingf-tsah kuh san-zeh-s kuh ien- hoo, 'an
%
ding san-nyih-thien iau tsoo hau lau song chi kuh, tah iung ts
_
meh di kuh lau-pan nyih-ya koen-kyung kuh tsoo, nau too hwo
ff
kuh hoo-yah faung la ih tsah nyien-peh-li kyau doo-di phing-ming

kuh moo, nyien ts zang-yoen yah-lih hweh-zen pau chi le, bang-

kuh-ih-hyang, nau vaung ts zen hong- theh lau sau sah ts tshih

kuh nyung, khcen-kyien ts tsung-tsung z tshi-tsh^en.
_
Di-nyi zieu-z Pok-soo-tseu-'oo kuh hoo-zah, sau ts tsong yeu

zeh kyi kuh tsong-deu, sau theh kuh vaung-ts, zen-z kok nyung-

'aung lau kok yang-'aung kuh dzan-vaung, da-'yah sung seh ih-
1 &
thien-ng-pah-too man liang nyung-ts, Zaung-he kuh kyi-ban pau-

hyien-'aung-ka, tsho veh too ka-ka zen lien-ta-kwan-yi. Tsoe

khoo-nau lau 3^cen-waung kuh meh, z kyi kuh nga-loo khah-nyung,
It
hoo-seh i-kyung te la dzen-vaung-li hoo-hyien wan veh-zung pau-
_11
ding lau hweh-zen bang-zah di kuh hoo-tse, lau meh-z zen sau-
I 60 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.
.
theh, hyoeh-pung ih-dien 'a liau-veh-zah, tseh hau han whe-chi

whe-chi".

LUNG IH TSAH KEU

Tang-lih kuh z-thi si-kok nyung tsho-veh-too nyung-nyung

zen hwen-hyi kuh veh ziang Tsong-kok nyung dz theh ts dzu-la

san-va di-faung kuh nyung", ji-yui kuh meh zen ts ts peh vung", iung-
._
we yi-la siang dih-tsong beh-siang" z we-hyien kuh, dan-z si-kok

nyung soen dih-tsong beh-siang z ih-lok, soo-i waung-waung yeu

nyung khung tsheh doo-ka-dien chi ma nga-kok keu.
.
Ngoo yeu ih kuh si-kok bang-yeu z dzu la Me-tsoo-ka kuh

Dih-s-we loo laung, yi yong ih-tshien nyi-pah-liang nyung-ts chi

ma ts ih-tsah lih-keu, yi kuh ming-deu kyau Lo-vuh doo-siau

tah siau-li-ts tsho veh too doo

Noo kuh bang-yeu ting hwen-hyi yi, chuh-chi-le tah yi ih-

dau chuh lau ta-yi tsheh-chi meh pih-din tah yi ih dau zoo tsho

ts, dih-tsah keua z lingchau lau tshong-ming' kuh, yi khoen

tuh tsheh yi kuh tsu-nyung iau ta yi tsheh-chi meh, yi lien-maung

zieu-chi nau yang-tshiang, bi-'a, yui-i, ts-thau lau sa 'an tuh le
[6x ]


Lessons; in The Shanghai Dialect.

tung hau la. Yeu ih-nyuh di-we si-kok bang-yeu ta Lo-vuh tau
_
Waung-poo-than chi beh-siang, yi hweh-zen dzong yi kuh sung-

pien mok-tsheh ih-kwhe yang-kien le hwah la Waung'-phoo kaung

li, dih tsah keu yau-deu hwan-nyi-po kuh thiau tau s-li, ih hyih

kong-foo yi kuh ts-lian-ts yang-dien dzong s-li tsheh le, tseu tau

yi kuh tsu-nyung sung-pien, dih tsah keu tsung-tsung khoo-i wq

sau-yeu kuh.
LESSON No. 51

LUNG KAUNG-'OO KUH Z-THI

Zaung-he z tsong nga thong-saung kuh ih kuh tsong-sin^-tien,
^
lau thong-saung pi ne-di tsau, keh meh mi-sing kuh z-thia iung-

ke pi ne-di chi theh le tuh kwha, 'a li hyau-tuh kung-ka li-'e,

ngoo le kaung peh na tsong-we thing-thing. Zaung-he kuh siang-
w
mien, tshah-z lau tse-pok kuh nyung z ting too lau wo veh zing.

Yien-dze pih-koo iau kan san kuh nyung dih ih kuh z Nen-

kyung-loo-laung kuh Ng-kyTeri--fewaung, yi z tsen-mung tah nyung-
.
ka chi-khoo la ka-sing-siea, siang-sing yi kuh nyung zeh-dze veh

sau.
_
Dih kuh taung-tson'g ting siang-sing yi meh z yi-pan Kwaung-
C 62 3


'Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

tong nyai-nyung, soo-i yi la dih kuh laung- dzan ts too hwo dong-
.
dien, jung-le yi veh yuin-chi, peh ih kuh nyui-tshah-bah-taung
f .
phien chi ts kyi-tshieu yang-dien.
f
Yeu nyung wo yi ih ngan veh nyok mo, ngoo siang te kuh,

iung-we yi kuh dong-dien zen-z phien le kuh, peh bih-nyung

phien tien chi 'a veh nyen-sa.

Di-nyi meh zieu-z san-mo-loo, Siau-hwo-ycen sian^-jung kiih

Siauoodooyi tsen-mung thi nyung-ka phi ming-tsyi kuh

ming-deu soe-zen kyau Siau 'oo-doo, yi kuh nau-ts tau mantshing-

saung kuh, phi chi ming-ts le veh da we tsho kuh, soo-i mi-sing
4
ming-yuin kuh ruling zeh-fung siang sing yi.

Disan meh dzu la fah-tsoo-ka E-too-a-loo kuh H3ri-ji"nyuiz'
f
yi z tsen-muiig tah nyung siang-mien kah, yi kuh nyien-kyi veh

doo, pih-koo zuh-tshih-pah soen, lau mieN-mau sang tuh wan soen

hau, sooi yeu too-hwo wah-deu siau-hoots zen-chi tsauh-dzung

yi sarig-i lau tah yi dan-dan, yi-la bing veh z tsung kah iau yi

siang-lilies z iau chi siang-siang yi kuh mien yan, soo-i yi kuh

tsheh-<5ih zeh-deu veh the-pan.
r 63 ]


Lessons; in The Shanghai Dialect.
LESSON No. 52

LUNG HAU-SING Z YEU HAU-PAU

La Dzuh-di sang kuh Pau-ding-foo yen ih-we sien-sangsing Zi

k3rau Zah-zunaf, la ih-hyang taung-tsong soen-we z ting dze-tsu kuh
II
nyung, lau ting hwen-hyiang hau-z. Ih-nyih ts yi dzong nga-
^
deu tsen-le khoen-kyien yeu ih-kuh siau-kau-hwo-ts la mung-kheu-

deu thau van, dih kuh zang-kwaung thih-tsung z doo-lang-thien,

lau kau-hwo-ts z tsheh- sung-loo-thi, Zi zah-zung e-lien yi lau nau

i-zaung peh yi tsah, yi veh-iau, lau peh yi dong-dien yi 'a veh

zeu.
_
Zah-zung h37i-ji lau mung yi sa yoen-koo nyi, yi khok lau

veh we tah, tse san kuh'mung yi, yi we-deu wo, thien meh ya

tse m-meh di-faung chi dzu, veh-ken jeu nong sa bih-yang, pih-

koo iau jeu nong nyang ngoo la nong kuh tsau-'ok-kan li tung-
#
tung ngooa man ts-tsok tse Zah-zung zieu iung-hyui ts yi,

dzong-tsh yi zieu tung la Zi-ka tsoo z-thi. Kah-ts ih kuh too
.
nyoeh Zah-zung we-ts yeu tien z-thi, lau dok-koen-ts tau hyang-

'au chi tan-kok la bang-yeu nyung-ka, 'a-li hyau-tuh tau ts pen-

ya-li, tshung-tsaung-laung hwuh zen thing-kyien s-tseu-we yeu sah-

sung', lau khcen-kyien yen zang-liang kuh hoo-kaung la tsau-le
C 64 3


Lessons tn The Shanghai Dialect.
p
tsau-chi, 'eu-sen meh jang-dau dzaung-khe ts mung lau tsing-le

tse, yi-la kuh yung-zaung z zeh-fung khau-pho, tau-ts li-hyang z
_
fan-siang-tau-loen kuh seu zing dze-veh Di-ka bang-yeu kuh

ck-li nyung tsuh-hau zen be-la zaung laung lau veh-ken hyang,

thih-tsun^ la di kuh we-hyien lau zah-kyih kuh zung-kwaung liang

laung yeu ih-kuh nyung thiau 'au le, doo ts sang-chi han lau wo,
4
<(Yang-nyi la li na kyung-zen ken zeh-ke faung-s va," too-hwo

jang-dau thing-kyien ts yi kuh sung-iung, da-ka zen khuh-deu
£
lau wo, ngoc-nyi tsho tse iang-ke si, dan-z jeu nong nyau-so
. g
iung-we nyi veh-z yeu sing van kuh, Yang-nyi zieu ien seu-s lau

kyau yi-la kwha-tien chi, yi-la meh ziang hah-le-si kuh yang-suh,

lau zieu dau-tseu tse, Tau ts ming-tsau thien liang, di-kuh ih

ka mung" nyung khan-khan ken 'au-zaung loh chi le.
.
La Yang-nyi dzong liang laung thiauau-le kuh zung-kwaung,
_
Zi zah-zung z yeu tien nyi-sing ziang-sah zieu-z yi ok-li kuh siau"
_g
kau-hwc-ts, tung tau jang-dau chi-ts 'eu-seu iau chi zing yi yi i-

kyung veh hyau-tuh yi tau ts 'a-li chi tse, 'eu-seu la ih-tsah kok-
_
lauh li zing-zah yi sia kuh ih-fong-singyi kuh sing* laung wo,

zung-mong" nong hau-sing seu lieu ngoo, ngoo' iung-ke iau pau
_
wan nong, dan-z zauh-nyih ya li yeu jang-dau le kyang-hah nong

yien tsu-nyung, zeh-dze z yeu tsho, lau iau jeu nong so-mien
I 65 ]


Lessons in The. Shanghai Dialect.

yien-dze ngoo tah none tse we". Zah-zung nau ts di-fong" sing

chi kau-soo yi kuh bang-yeu, di kuh Yang-nyi kuh le-lih, thing-
f
kyfen ts da-ka zen hyi-ji,eu-le Zah-zung ih tau ok-li zieu-mung
g
4 Yang-nyi la 'a-li," ok-li nyung wo, tsu-nyung tsheh mung

kuh taung-nyih yi ziea veh khoen-kyien tse. Di kuh zieu kyau

zok-nyui-wo ok yeu ok pau, zen yeu zen pan, zah-zen veh pau

z-zung veh tau yan.
LESSON No. 53

LUNG BIEN BIH KYUIN-TS TAH TS SIAU-NYUNG

KUH FAUNG-FAH.

Da-kan nyung la zoen-we-laung, tah nyung kyau-tsi waung-

le, tsoen iau-kyung kuh meh zieu-z iau yong z-ka kuh ngan-lih

chi fung-bien bih-nyung kuh hau-lau cheu, thaungc-zen di kuh

z kyuin-ts-nyung, keh meh ngoo iau sing-thok yi lau tshing-jung
J
yi, i ts khau-i tuh zah too-hoo hau-tshu. Zah-zen di kah z siau-

nyung ngoo iau kwha-tien we-bi yi lau r-tshien tse iau keh ts

tsong-nyung ih-dau chui-jok yi, zeh-ke meh khau-i mien-theh

z-ka lau bih-nyung veh zeu yi kuh 'e-tshu tse.

Iau bien-bih nyung kuh hau-cheu, tsau ngoo kuh i-s yong


Lessons in The. Shanghai Dialect.
.
kyung-nyien kuh faung-fah z ting khau-tuh-dzu, zieu z khoen yi
.
bing-zang-nyih-kyah tsoo z-thi z na-nung kuh. Ngoo yien-dze

iau nau ng-yang ting iau-kyung kuh kaung-tsheh-lej (ih) Kyuin-

ts hwe-hyi nyung di-sing yi kuh koo-suh, lau ke-koo ts 'eu-seu

veh we tuh maung-kyi kuh, siau-nyung hwe-hyi taung-mien

tshung-tsan-yi, yeu ts koo-suh veh-dan-z veh khung ke wan iau
I*
yong fah-tsuh le tso-meh. (nyi) Kyuin-ts zing-nyoen we ts tsong-

nyung lau hyi-sung yi z-ka ih-koen-ts, siau-nyung thih-tsung
t
siang-fan, iau hyi-sung tsong-nyung le kong-kyih yi ih-koen-ts.

(san) Kvuin-ts lih-ding-ts ts-hyang, lau nau-ding-ts faung-tsung,
^
soe-zen si a veh ke-pien kuh, siau-nyung meh veh z zeh-ke

kuh, tang-soen ah-yeu-sa dong-dien tau seu lau z-zang fan-fok

kuh. (s) Kyain-ts meh pih ding tah kyuin-ts tsoo bang-yeu, iau
/J-
siau- nyung pih-ding tah siau nyung gah-dau. (ng) Kyuin-ts ban

kuh z-thi z da-faung" lau hwe-hyi sien-poo tsheh le peh tsong-

nyung hyau-tuh, siau-nyung ban kuh z-thi tsong-z iung-pi lau
-
veh-tshing-veh saung kuh.
LESSON No. 54

LUNG KYUI TSAUH KWA KUH Z THI.
[67 ]


Lessons tn The Shanghai Dialect.

La dzung-li yea ih-kuh sau 'auh daung li kuh kyau-yoen,
m
tshing nyung thi vi tsoo me-nyung lau thau ts ih ban mo-vaung-li

kuh tsu-nyang kuh noen tsoo nyang-ts, di we sien-sang we-ts

siang-tau yi kuh nyang-nyang z dzong siau nynng-ka tsheh sung
.
kuh, soo-i z dzong yi thau le ts eu-seuih zuh veh hyai yi tau

nga-deu chi, yi z-ka tau 'auh-daung li chi kau-su kuh zung-

kwaung meh, nau yi soo la vaang-kan-li, zeh-ke nung yang-suh

yeu kyi kuh nyoeh, eh le yi kuh nyang nyang we-ts mang-chi

lau sang-bing si theh tse. Yi si kuh zung-kwaung yi kuh ngan-
m
tsing 'veh zung pi kah, nan-meh yi kuh zang-foo thong-zang"
$
lau wo, nong si ts 'eu-seu ngoo pih-iau seu-tsih lau veh tse thau-
-
tshing tse, nan-meh si-nyung kuh ngan-tsing pi long le tse,

dan-z yi si ts 'eu-seu zang-tsaung tsauh-kwa. Kah ts s-kuh-.

nyoeh, yeu nyung thi di-we sien-sang le tsoo me-n3^u'np lau tau

dzok-yien, zien-nyih z tsung-nyih, la sing-nyang-ts khantsheh

jau-mung kuh z-'eu, yi khoen-kyien yeu ih-doen huh kuh meh-z

nyau la yi kuh kyah laung, 'eu-le tau sing-vaung-li khoen-

kyien yeu too-hau kah hah-doen kwung-le kwung-chi. Zauh-

nyih di kuh sing nyang-nyang fahoen-nyih lau sang li-'e kuh
_
mau-bing, yi kuh zang-foo nau ih-pe liyih-dzo peh yi hah iau wo,

ah-z tsh di lang-zing lau sang-bing kuh," sing-nyang ts we-deu
I 68 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.
_
wo, z-kuh la di kuh zang-kwaung kyau-yoen seu li kuh ih-pe
.
nyih-dzo lih-khuh tang-fan la zieu-ts-kwen li, lau ih-tsah dzo-we
,
meh zieu fi tau sing-nyang'-nyang kuh sung pien chi, ping-tshien

sing-nyang-nyang ts-li 'oen-oo-dau wo, "nong tau tsung kuh

tse-ken hau-nyih 'a, wo ba ts zieu si tse.
LESSON No. 55

LUNG S-DAU PIEN TSHIEN.

Ih nyien fung s-kyi, zieu z tshung, 'au, tsheu, tong", di kuh

s-kyi kuh thien-chi zen-z veh dong kuh, 'au-kyi pi tong-kyi

iau nyih kyi-be, dan-z nau di kuh liang-kyi kuh thien-chi le pi-

kyau, veh khau-i wo di kyi hau lau yi-kyi-cheu, iung-we kauh-

kyi kauh-yeu yi kuh hau-tshu, Kaung tau nyunga z ih-li kuh,

nyien lau kuh veh iung-ke wo nyien-chung kuh veh jih yi la,

pi-faung nau chi-lih le pi-kyau, tshing-nyien-nyung z-zen sung-

koo lau-dzung-nyung, tse tsing ih-zung, kaung tau s-ka-laung kuh

kauh-yang z-thi yih-zen-zu-tsh. Yeu nyung wo koo-z-kan hau la a

yien-dze kuh s-de veh-hau, di kuh taua veh-z ih ding kuh, pi-

faung yeu ih kuh dze-tsu-nyung we ts tsoo sang-i zeh-pung lau m-

meh dong-dien tse, dzang-tsaung sang-bing", veh-nung* keu chuh-
C 69 ]


Lessons in The. Shanghai Dialect.

pau tsah-ncen, dzu kuh di-faung meh zeh-fang poo-wa, 'a m-sa

bang-yeu yi z-zen iau wo, zien-deu hau lau yien-dze veh-hau; tse

yeu ih kuh nyung hweh-zen da-fah-dze chuh kuh yeu lau tsah kah

zeu, tsoo z-thi meh yang-yang zung-taung, i yeu nyung siang-
m s
sing, pah-yang" tshung-sing, di kuh nyung ih ding iau wo yien-

dze hau. Zeh ke khoen chi le z-s kuh hau-cheu z-zen z tsau

nyung kuh di-we lau ding taung kuh, dan z da ke kah lau nyien

nyung" veh z zeh ke siang,

wo, zien-deu tah yien-dze z

z-de z veh jih zien-deu kuh hau, lau

tse, e di kuh seh-wo ziang-sah wo tuh
S
yi la tsong z tsau z-ka kuh i-s lau

doo liang yang tse, yien-dze kuh

yang-yang zen then-pan

thuh koo-vung.
LESSON
56

LUNG S-DAU PIEN-TSHIEN-KUH AU-PEN DOEN.

Pi faung- yea ih kuh hyau-zung kuh noen, yi kuh noen hyau

tuh yi kuh ya soo hwe-hvi chuh kuh meh-z, kan ting-sing-sien, lau

ting hau kuh tsong tah yi yui-be hau la, ziang la chuh van kuh

zung-kwaung yi ting hwe-hyi chuh ng-tbaung lau ben-sang-tshe,

van-'eu yi hwe-hyi chuh tien si-kwo-ts, zeh-ke-nung nyih-nyih z-

tsh, lau nyien-nyien tsau-zang, dan z tau yi nyien lau kuh zung-
TJ

c


Lessons; in The Shanghai Dialect.

kwaang, yi dzang-tsaung wo yein-dze kuh thaung veh-jih i-zien
_
kuh ts-mi, lau si-kwo-ts 'a veh jih zien'deu kuh nyoen, z-s ke-

pien tse meh-z 'a la ke-pien." Zeh-ke kuh seh-wo chi-veh-z yi

wo tsbo tse, di kuh ng-thaung kuh ts-mi, ji-zeh z tah zien-deu ih-

yang, si-kwo-tsa bing-veh-ka-ngang, soo-i ts-mi kuh liang-yang
_
veh kwan-i chuh kuh meh-z, z kwan-yi nyung nyien-kyi lau, lau

we-kheu ke-pien kuh yoen-koo yan. La Yang-tseu yeu ih kuh

pah-zeh-too-soen kuh lau-nvien-nyun^, di kuh nyung yeu san

kuh nyi-ts tung yi san kuh nyi-ts zen la ok li kuh zung-kwaung,

yi tsong iau wo yien-dze doo-doo li veh jih zien-deu tse,

ngoo nyien-chung kuh z-'eu z yang-yang zen-hau, (i nyi-ts mung
^
yl sa kuh z-thi veh jih zien-deu nyi"-yi we-deu-wo Dau-kaung
.
nyien-kan ih-liang nyung-ts pi yien-dze iau too we kyi-pah-dien,

ma meh-z m-meh zeh-ke-kyui, lau nyung kuh tshoen-tsah a

sang-jien yong kah tong-si 'a pi yien-dze kyien-koo, da-ke-nyung

tsong-z chi-tsau lauh-ya kuh tsoo z-thi, veh ziang yien-dze kuh

sau-nyien-nyung chuh tuh hau lau tsah tuh z-mau. Siau-nyi ts

wo di-kyui-seh-wo ngoo veh-tsong-thing1, yi kuh z-'eu dok-su-kuh
-
nyung sau, dong-dien 'a zan-tuh-sau, m-meh dong-dien kyau yi

na-nung khau-i chuh-tuh-chi ng lau nyok nyi.
f< f
Di-nyi kuh nyi-ts wo, zien deu z 'oo-doo kuh s-de tshoo-
C 71 3


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

bung kuh ka-sang zen kok-zah yong tuh man tshung-sing, yien-

dze kuh nyung siang-fan tse, hwe-hyi yong ling-long kuh chi-jai

meh-z ling"-long, ka-dien z-zen iung-fe. kyui-tien." Doo-nyi-ts

wo na wo kuh seh-wo thih-tsung z ngoo soo iau wo kuh di

we lau-nyien-nyung thing-kyien ts di-tsong m-meh tshui-mi kuh
_
bien-lung, yi wo na nyien-kyi chung lau veh tong z-thi veh-
_
pih too kaung-tsang, yi zieu chi kwhung tse.
LESSON No. 57

LUNG DOO-SAU-YA LA TONG-YANG-TSHO.

Zien-nyih ^aung-oo zeh tien too tsong yeu ih kuh ji-nyui

kyau Siau-tshoen-hwo, zoo ts pau-tsho dzong ok-li tsheh le tau

Siau-so-doo chi, tseu tail pen-loo-laung yi kuh tsho-foo hweh-zen

zeu ts su-nyih lau yuin-tau tse, Siau-tshoen-hwo iung we ts siang-

tau yi kuh tsho-foo z ih kuh khoo-nau kuh nyung, zieu fah e-

lien-sing kyau yi the-ts khong-tsho-ts tsen chi ba, yi z-ka meh

ling nga kyau ts ih boo waung-pau-tsho, lau dzau si chi tse.

Bang-tuh-tsung-chau, yi kyau la kuh ih boo waung-pau-tsho

kuh tsho-foo zieu-z dzong-zien tau yi di-faung chi beh-siang kuh ih

kuh doo-sau-ya, la kyi nyien zien-deu yi z ih kuh dze-tsu-nyung,
[72 ]


Lessons tn The Shanghai Dialect.

yi kuh tshah-'au kyau dze-pah-van, we ts yi biau-too-chuh-tsah,

soo i yi long tuh zien-dze zung-kong ih kah waung-pau-1sho-foo

tse. We ts yi kuh mien-J^ttg i-kyung doo ke pien, soo i Siau-
_
tshoen-hwo veh nyung-tuh yi, yi tau nyung-tuh Siau-tshoen-hwoo

kuh, tung Siau-tshoen-hwo ih zaung ts tsho-ts yi zieu kyau yi

kuh siau-ming San-nyi-ts, nong ah-z zung-jeu dzu la lau-di-

faung a," ih-deu-tseu ih-deu-kaung-tsheh yi-la kyi-nyien zien-deu

kuh z-thi le, nan-meh Siau-tshoen-hwo nyau-tuh zieu z yi kuh
g
zien deu kuh doo-sau-ya, kyun^ tsau we jong tuh zeh-ke lau 'la

tong-yang-tsho tse, yi hah lau veh iau zoo yi kuh tsho-ts, zing-

nyoen foo ts tsho-dien lau zoo.bih-boo tsho-ts dan-z tsho-foo veh

khung, ih ding" iau la tau kaung ding kuh di-faung, m-meh fah-

tsuh, Siau-tshoen-hwo tsuh hau ih loo da fan, zeh-ke tshau ts

pen-nyih yung- ts ih ka kuh khoen-khah, 'eu le meh yeu ih kuh
.
zing-boo le tse, lau kyau tsho-foo nau ts dong-dien kwha-tien

tseu.
LESSON No. 58

LUNG BANG-YEU KUH SING ZEH.

Koo-z-kan yeu ih-kuh Hyi-la-kok kuh waung, yi kuh sing-
I 73 ]


Lessons tn The Shanghai Dialect.

zing" z ting bau-nyah, lau long-sah nyung kuh sing-ming z soen

r-hyi-kuh z-thi, yeu ih nyih yi ding-taung iau nau yi-kuh-meu-

men zung-ts le sah theh, di kuh zung-ts :z-ka hyau-tuh yi m-

sa tsho-tshu, pih-koo we-ts waung-ti hwen-hyi sah nyung lau iau

nau yi le long-sah. Yi siang-le siang-chi tsong theh veh tsheh di

kuh khoo-nau kuh z-thi, nan-meh zieu tau waung mien-zien chi

te waung wo, "ngoo z man zing nyoen thing nong kuh seh-wo
_
lau si, pih-koo iau jeu nong waung e-lien ngoo lau faung ngoo

tsen-chi kyi-nyih, nyan ngoo chi we deu ih-sang ng.oo kuh ya-

nyang lau nyang-ts lau siau-noen, zeh-ke-meh.ngoo si-ts vehung
;
tse. Dan-z waung veh tah-iung, 3^-kuh z-'eu di kuh zung-ts yeu
$
ih-kuh bang-yeu la pi en-deu, thing-kyien ts zeh.fung nan-koo,

iau siang kyeu yi i hyau-tuh di kuh waung-ti z nan long" kuh,

'eu-le-meh siang tsheh ih-kuh nyan-deu-le tau waung mien-zien
.
chi wo, "ngoo tah-ts mea-meu zung-ts z ts-kyi bang-yeu, ngoo-
.
nyi kuh zing-vung sung koo ts kweh-nyok, yien-dze yi iaa chi dzu-

bih yi-kuh ok-li-nyung lau nong waung veh iung-hyui, we-ts pho

yi chi ts veh tsen-le, lau-m-meh nynng de-thi yi si tse, yien-dze

ngoo zing-nyoen de-thi yi tsoo ah-deu, thaung-zen yi dau-tseu
%
meh, waung zieu khau-i sah ngoo", nan-meh waung zieu iung-

hyui tse. 'Eu-seu tau ts ding-taung kuh nyih-ji di kuh zung-
I 74 ]


Lessons tn The Shanghai Dialect.

ts veh tsen-le, waung- meh zieu tsheh-paung-lau sien-poo si-yung,
,
di-we bang-yeu tau sah-dzang laung chi-kuh zung-kwaung, mien-

voo-ke-suh, iung-we yi siang tau yi kuh bang-yeu bing-zang-nyih-

kyah kuh seh-wo lau 'ang-we z fi van kuh dzung-zeh, lau tsong

veh kyien tuh we seh yah kuh, kyung-tsau veh le ih-ding yeu

bih kuh yoen-koo. Yi kuh z-'eu le khoen kuh nyung z lung-tshien

lung-man, m-meh ih kuh nyung s-ti-'au veh wo di kuh zung-

ts m-meh sing-zeh lau waung m-meh zung-e, lau yui ka e-li

yi kuh bang-yeu m-meh zoen-nyih lau zeu-si.

Thih-tsung la zeh-ke lauh-loen kuh z-'eu, yi kuh bang-yeu

hyuh-ze tau tse kyih lau wo 'E ngoo tsho veh too iau nau ngoo kuh

bang-yeue sah tse, ngoo soo-i an tau kuh yoen-koo, z we-ts

loo veh bing lau bang-zah ts jang-dau yien-dze wan-soen-hau lau

le tuh-j i soe-zen si a-z kha-weh kuh, veh zen meh ngoo na-nung

yeu mien-khong le kyien ngoo kuh hau-bang-yeua-wo we ts
$
di kuh seh-wo zieu tshong-tshong yong-yong tau waung kuh di'
g
faung chi tshing-si, waung thing kyien ts yi kuh seh-wo zieu peh
.
yi kyih-dong, lau yeu au-hwe kuh yang-suh lau zieu nyau faung

yi tse.
I 75 ]


Lessons; in The Shanghai Dialect.
LESSON No. 59

LUNG IH-KUH TSONG-KOK-NYUNG SIANG TSOO

CHI-TSHO-FOO.
.
Ngoo kuh chi-tsho-foo yeu ih kuh nyien-chung kuh bang-

yeu, yi kuh ming-deu kyau Zau-ah-kung A iau siang 'auh tsoo

chi-tsho-too, iung-we yi thing-kyien nyung wo, tsoo di kuh 'aung-

nyih z juh yong-yi kuh, pih koo iau nung-kyeu long tshing-saung

liang-yang dah kuh kyi-kwan raeh zieu khau-i zoo la tsho-ts-li
f
khe-tsho tse, khe-tsho kuh zung-kwaung" ih tien veh sine:-khoo
f
lau seh-i tuh juh kuh, 'auh-thien meh. i fong-liang tong-thien meh

i noen-nyih, veh-dan zeh-ke r-tshien kong-dien pi bih' yansr kuh

tsho foo le tuh doo. Soo-i yi me-nyih tau ngoo kuh tsho-foo di

faung le vong-zung yi, lau iau tshing yi kau-kau, 'A iung-hyui

yi deu laung kyi kuh nyoeh kong-dien kuh ih-pen iau zeu-lau yi,

keh-lau n^oo kuh tsho-foo zieu siang fah-tsuh chi kau yi tse.

Hyih ts veh-too kyi nyih Ah-kung z i we we-tuh khe-tsho-tse,
3
soo-i veh iau bih-nyung siang-paung yi, yeu ih nyih yi dok-koen-

ts chi khe-tsho, we ts khe tuh koo-vung kwha, i we ts yi kuh

ngan-kwaung veh zeh kuh, zieu chi zaung la z\i laung lau we

tsen le lien nyung tshong tau 'oo li, tsho-sung tah ts kyi-chi
C 76 3


Lessons; in The Shanghai Dialect.

tsho-veh-too wen-zien wa theh, zong kyung i-'eu hah tuh yi tsong

veh tse po-maung tsoo chi-tsho-foo tse, we ts hyau-tuh di kuh z
_
we-hyien kuh z-thi.
LESSON No. 60

LUNG TSHAH DI-ZAUNG-HYANG

Tsau ts Tsong-kok kuh fong-zok, me-nyien tshih-nyoeh san-

seh-nyih yi la so en-we z di-zaune-waung-boo-sah kah sang-nyih,

la di-ya-laung doo-siau-pah-ka zen iai/ nau hyang lau lali7tsok
_/
tien-yaung-ts le tshah la di-laung, laii tah yi tsoo sang-nyiM, keh-
./
meh khau-i tuh-zah boo-sa kuh pau-yeu lau tsok-fok. Kyung-

nyien tshih-nyoeh-san-seh-nyih ngoo la Dzau-hyung beh-siang,

yi-deu kuh kwe-kyui veh tshah di-zaung-hyang lau tien di-zaung-

tung kuh, pi Zaung-he kuh tsh ah-hyang iau hau-khoen-tuh too,
/
la jun^-kaung kuh di-faung, nyui-nyung lau siau-noen zen yong

li-khok tsaung ts tung lau chi thung la kaung li, s-meh-lok,
P
tung-meh-oiigyoen maung ts hau ziang thien laung kuh ming-

sing yan. Di kuh ih ya laung ting hau khoen kuh meh, iau soen

Van-kaun^-tshung kuh 'oo-tung-we, da-yah yeu ih-tshien-tsan kah

ng-seh-tung, ih-zung ih-zung deh-chi-le tsoo ts tung-thah kuh
C 77 3


Lessons tn The Shanghai Dialect.

yung-zaung, yong' zen le tse ts tung lau faung la oo kuh tsong-

lieu, tsheh le khoen kuh noen-noen nyui-nyui zeh-dze veh sau,

thih-tsung la kau-hyung lau nau-nyih kuh zung-kwaung, yeu ih

tsah ne-'oo kuh siau-hoo-lung" 'ang koo lau kyih-chi laung-deu le

nau di tsah siau-zen tshong fan ts, lau tung zen lauh la s li,

chui tuh yau zeri kuh nyung z seh s-sing kuh soo-i lau nyung

veh zung dzung sa kuh,eu le khcen-khah zieu san tse.
LESSON No. 61

LUNG WE-SUNG TAH Z-YOH YEU KWAN-YI.
.
Me/nyien tshLeu-thien kuh zung-kwaung, tse yong-yi fah-sang
/
z-yoh/ ih-fah-sang meli ziea iau dzen zen khe le lau z we-hyien
/
tuh-juh. Keh-meh tau-ti ah yeu sa fah tsuh khau-i bi-thuh va?

Yeu kuh, zieu z iau 'ang we-sung. / Van-yi yoh-bing kuh chi-deu,
/
da-pen z dzong ts-li tsing-chi kuh, soo-i chuh kuh meh-z iau

zeh-nyi-fung taung-sing, ziang mung-ts lau tshaung-iung ting koo

kuh meh-z, 'ok-z yong veh koonrzing kuh tsheu-'oo-s le sau kuh
^> ,
zeh-veh, zen veh khau-i chvm, chuh ts zieu iau tsheh mau-bing.

Thaung-zen vaung-ts-li hwe-dzung te-me, lau-zong wang-yung,

mung tshaung veh khe, lau khong-chi veh thong, zeh-ke yang-
I 78 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

suh veh-too-kyi-z z-zen-r-zen zih-bing iau le tse we-ts di kuh

yoen-koo, hah knh s Ah-ding iau kwung thea ok-z lih-koo, nan-
/
meh khau-i hah, chun kuh siau-tshen ih-ding iau long-koen=zing" ts
$ f?
iau sau, nan-meh khau-i chuh, r-tshien meh i iau / ma sing-
/
sien kuh, veh chuh hwung-sing tau veh ngan-sa kuh.' Vaung-ts-

li iune:-ke seu-tsauh tshinR'-saung, z-z thong-fong lau nyih-nyih
.
sa tsheu-yah-s, veh dan zeh-ke wan iau jung-jien zing-yoh. Pi-

faun^r' ih-ka ok-li yeu nyung sang ts z-yoh-bing, keh-meh iung-
-
ke kwha-tien song tau i-ycen-li chi khoen, khcea tuh hau z yuin-

chi kuh, zah-zen khoen veh hau lau si tse, keh-meh iung-ke zieu

ma-tsaung-thuh, mien ts di tsong yoh-chi koo-khe le. Ting veh
0
hau meh yeu kuh .nyung ka veh zing-nyoen fang-dzu, i-ts hau-

nyung a peh sang bing kuh nyung le-jih, zung-ts-3Tui si ts ih-
.
ka-mung, di kuh zeh-dze z khau-sih'kuh z-thi. Pi-faung yeu kuh

nyung veh siang-sing tau i-yoen-li chikeh-meh iung'-ke yui-be

tien baung-yoh kuh yah-phing, ziang bah-lan-di-tsieu-'a, zeh-tien-

yah-s-'a kyung-kyi-nah-saung-wen, ah-s-puh-ling-phien, sia-yeu
g
lau sa, ban-zah peh-tsheh zieu khau-i chuh. Zah-zen ling-sook-
_
z khoo-nau kuh nyung sang-bin.sj meh 'a khau-i fung song pak

yi-la. Zeh-ke tsoo-fah veh dan-z pau-'oo z-ka ih-ka-mung kuh

bing-oen, ih-hyang, ih-tshung a nung-keu tha-bing voo-z.
[79 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

LUNG TSAUH-NG KUH HAU-FAH-TSUH.

La Na-we yier^ie-pien ih ta kuh pah-sing, tsoo tsauh-ng sang-
>
i kuh z ting t0o, r-tshien yi la tsauh-ng z zeh-fung zok-seu, jung-

le yi la yong ih-tsong sing fah ming kuh ka-sang tsauh-chi ng

le z kung-ka kwha lau too, lau veh hah-fi zung-kwaung. Yi kuh

fah-tsuh zieu-z yong ih tsah thih 'ath-ts, la 'ah-ts li tsaung ts ih
/
tsah zen-sung-kyi, rsoo-hau ts chi hwan la s li, yi kuh zcen-sung-
/
kyi kuh dien-si en dzong 'ah-ts li tsheh-le vok lau la tsauh-ng.

zen li kuh dien-wo-kyi laung, zah-zen zen laung kuh nyung nau

dien-wo-kyi laung kuh thing-dong le thing, keh-meh khau-i tshing-

tshing saung-saung- thing-kyien zen s-tseu-we kuh s-zok la yeu-

le-yeu-chi lau 'a khau-i fung tshing-saung yeu ng la maung- li

nyi wan-z veh y^u ng la maung li, r-tshien wan khau-i fung bih

tshing-saung ng" kun doo-siau iung-we ng doo meh sung-iung ,a

doo, ng siau meh sung-iunga siau, ng yeu-chi-le yeu sung-iung

z we ts yi kuh tsh-paung kyih s lau sang-tsheh le kuh.
[80


Lessons tn The Shanghai Dialect.
LESSON No. 6 3

LUNG IH KUH IOEN-WAUNG-SI KUH NYUI-NYUNG.

Yeu ih nyih 'oo-'eu ngoo kyung-koo Sing-zah-loo Sing-khaung-

li kuh ih kuh zah-khoo-mung, dan khoen-kyien mung-zien ding

ih-kheu kwen-zen, lau li-hyang kuh khok-sung z kyung-thien-
-
dong-di, 'eu-le ngoo tang-thing tsheh le z si ts ih kuh nyui-

nyung, lau yi si tuh zeh-fung ioen-waung.
Wi
La yi chi-bing kuh zung-kwaung, yi kuh ok-li-nyung, zieu

tau hah-ts di-faung chi-pok-khoo, kyui-wo z tshon^-van ts taung-
11
fauag-thoo-di, lau iau faung vien-kheu tsoo-dau-zang, nan meh

khan-khan khau-i pau yeu yi. Koo ts kyi nyih bing kung-

ka li-'e tse, la di kuh Zung-kwaung wan veh tah yi tshing laung-

tsong lau chuh-yah, fan-r tau dzung-waung-mieu-li jeu-sien-faung,
.
soo-i bing-tsung yoeh fah veh te tse, nan meh khan-khan hyau-

tuh hah-ts kuh seh-wo veh tsung, lau dzung-waung-miau li kuh

sien-faung veh-ling. Nan-meh lien-maung siang-zah chi tshing-i-

sung, khau-sih mok-i-zung-tseu z-'eu i-kyung le veh ji tse,
-
la i-sung veh-zung tau kuh zien-deu, di kuh nyui-nyung i-kyung

liang-kyah ih-thing lau si tse 'an, di kuh chi-veh-z ioen-waung-
M
si va? Tsau tien chi tshing ts i-sung lau veh tsoo hyui-ka kuh z-
I 81 ]


Lessons; in The Shanghai Dialect.

thi meh, veh tshau ts yui tau di kuh di-boo tse.
LESSON No. 64

LUNG IH-TSAUNG HAU-SIAU KUH Z-THI.
I
La-pok-mung-kheu, yeu ih ban Yeu-li-nyoen fah-dze-phiau-
0
tien, jung-le we ts iau ts au-le khah-nyung kuh yoen-koo, zieu
/
kyau ts daung-ming lau nyih-ya tang-tshaun^, khoen kuh nyung

z gah veh 'khe, zauh nyih ya-kwha ngoo 'a chi khoen-khoen,

veh too ih hyih yeu ih kuh i-kwen toen-tsung kuh tsong-nyien-

nyung, seu li ling ts ih tshen doo-zah-ha, 'a gah tsing chi, lih

ding ts kyah lau thing-tsKaung. Thih tsung la thing tuh chi-
/
kyung kuh zung-kwaurig, 'a li hyau tuh yi seu-li-hyang kuh bang-

ha i-kyung nau lih-la kah-pih kuh ih we siau-tsia kuh i-zaung
/
jien-zu tse, iien kuh zung-kwaung di-we siau-tsia ih ngan vek

kauh zah, tung taiy 'ea le zien-tsen-sung-le, iau tsen chi lau tseu
7_
kuh zung-kwaung, khan-khan hyau-tuh yi kuh doo-kyung peh ha
_
jien lau tse, tung-z yi kuh mien-khong fahong lau kyau yi we

sien-sang nau ha pe-thuh, dan z di tsah ha yoeh pe yoeh jien tuh

kyung, yi pan khoen-khah khoen-kyien ts da-ka zen phah-seu lau

hau-siau,e tuh yi la liang kuh nyung kyuin-sah.
C 82 3


Lessons tn The Shanghai Dialect.

Eu seu di we noen-sien-sang 'ung-chi-le nau ha-jien wan-deu

ts lau theh li kuh, yi we siau-tsia veh hau i-s lien-maung zieu tseu

khe tse, yi tsah doen 'aa le kuh ha-kyah meh zang-jeu jiea lau

la yi kuh i-kyung laung, baung-pien yeu ih kuh seh siau wo kuh

nyung wo, yien-dze Zaung-he nyui-ts kuh tsaung-seh z kaah-
,
ji-kauh-suh, tseh-pho doo-kyung laung jien ts ha-jien ,a z ih

tsong z-mau kuh tang-pan yan.
LESSON No. 65

LUNG IH KUH LAU-KONG KUH AUH-SANG-TS

Zauh nyih lau-tshing-tsau khoen-kyien ih kuh hyang-'au-siau-
t_
noen, seu li nau ts ih-tsah tsok-lan yien ka lau han ma zi-tshen,7'
.
ngoo mung yi sa-ka-dien," yi wo ( nyan-dien-ih-liang," ngoo

khoen yi lan li kuh tshen veh-too-kyi-liang, ngoo mung yi iau ma

kyi-dien, yKwo "tshen veh too tse da-iah zeh-kyi-liang, zah-z
_
nong iau men soen ts nyi-peh-dien ba," ngoo yien-pi-yi ka-dien-

kyui lau veh-sing-tsong iau ma,eu le yi i wo ngoo we ts iau

tau 'auh-daung li chi, m-meh kong-foo tah nong lung too-sau,

soen ts zeh-peh kuh dong-kauh-ts ba". Ngoo thing-kyien ts di

kuh seh-wo hyi-ji lau muug yi ok li kuh kyung-hwaung, yi wo
I 83 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.
_
ngoo kuh ok li z jong le si kuh, ngoo kuh ya z tsong soo-tshen

kuh, lau ngoo kuh nyang meh z faunp>so lau tsuh-poo kuh, yien

dze za-mi-yeu-yien kyui, i ka ts di-me meh too, ng'oo kuh ya-
.
nyang soe-zen jung-jien, zen-r dzan tsing le kuh don^'-dien

tsong veh keu khe-siau, tse ka ts ngoo iau tau 'auh-daunR li chi

dok-su, ma ts, pih, su-zih lau sa fi-yongfa veh-sau, soo-i ngoo

veh-tuh veh- sia ng- fa h-tsuh le dzan ih ngan dong-dien le thih-poo

thih-poo, thaung-zen ngoo dok ts su lau ih ngan veh tsoo sa, keh

meh ok li kung-ka iau jong tse, lau ya-nyang kuh tan-ts kung-
/
ka iau zong tse, we ts di kuh yoen-koo ngoo me-nyih faung ya-

'auh tsen le yeu kuh zung-kwaung meh thiau ts s chi kyau

tshen, yeu kuh zung-kwaung meh keh ts tshau chi iui yang,

chuh ba ts ya-van meh wung-wung-su, tsau zung deu thi ya thiau
_
tshen tau siau-tshen-zang-laung chi, di kuh lan li kuh zi-tshen

zieu z zauh-nyih faung-ya-'auh 'eu-seu tah ts di-di lau me-me

ih dau chi joeh la kuh, di liang nyih zi-tshen z z-sien-hoo, ngoo

hyau-tuh ka-dien ih-ding z kyui kuh, soo-i ngoo iau chi joeh le

ma, ngoo i-kyung ma-zah-ts s-pah-dien tse, yien-dze lan li kuh
@
tshen veh too, iung-we zung-kwaung' i-kyun^ pah-tien-tsong tse,
/
ngoo ih-ding iau tau 'auh-daung-li-chi, ah khau-i tshing nong

tsau-iung lau ih-zi ma ts chi ba, taung-z ngoo khoen di kuh siau-
C 84 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

noen yeu ts-chi lau zieu i-ts yi kuh ka-dien lau ma ts yi kuh

tshen.
LESSON No. 66

LUNG TSONG-KOK NYUNG TAH TS ME-KOK

NYUNG KUH3 PI-KYAU.

Jung le ngoo yeu ih kuh tsu-kyi bang-yeu, zong Me-kok sia

ih-fong-sing peh ngoo lau, kau-soo ngoo Me-kok nyung tah^ts
-
Tsong-kok nyung kuh bi-chi lau zih-kwan, z doo-doo-li veh dong
,
kuh,/ngoo yien-dze iau fan kyi-doen tsheh le peh na kyi-we ^dok-
f
dok. Di-ih-doen z zung-zeh, Tsong-kok yeu ih kyui lau-wo, yi

wo seh-wo veh-pih yeu sing-zeh, tsoo z-thi veh-pih yeu kyoeh-

toen," dan z di kuh seh-wo pih koo la bang-chau kuh z-thi laung

khau i zeh-ke tsoo-fah, khau-sih yein-dze kuh nyung" long.tsho lau

zih-kwan tse, pien ts seh-wo ih ngan m-meh sing-yong, tsoo z-

thi ih ngan m-meh kyoeh-toen. Me-kok nyung ting khoen-zong

kuh z sing*yong, yi la soo wo kuh z-thi pih-ding iau tsoo tuh
/
tau, veh khung zeh-yien/ zah-zen tsoo Xreh tau kuh z-thi meh zieu
/_
veh tah nyung-ka yui-sien iah-ding,, soe-zen tau m-meh nyung

khoen-soen la kuh tiea-li chi ma-meh-z, di kuh ma meh-z kuh
[85 3


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

nyung dzong le veh zung yeu nau ts tongrsi chi veh foo dong-

dien kuh. Di nvi Tsong-kok nyung too nyi-sing too koc-tseh,

Me-kok nyung tsoo z-thi kyih-sok lau too kyoeh-toen, ban z-thi

kuh zung-kwaung meh ziang ban-z-thi, hyeu-sih kuh zung-kwaung

meh ziang hyeu-sih, veh z i-ziang tsoo z-thi, i-ziang hyau-sih kuh

yang-suh.
f
Me-kok nyung yeu-sa mung- tah, zah-z z zieu we-tah z
4
zah zen veh z, zieu we tah veh zseh-wo ih tau nyi-too li z lau

veh z i-kyung ding tse veh ziang Tsong-kok nyung kuh we-tah
,t
tsong-kwe wo 'z\ veh wo 'veh z 'oo-li-'oo-doo koo-chi. Me-kok

nyung i hwen-hyi tah nyung kyau-tsi waung-le, i-ts khau-i da-
_
ka diau-wen ts-suh, kauh-tsong kuh doen-thi a z man too, zieu

khau-i nyung-tuh too hwo nyung, Tsong-kok nyung meh hwen-

hyi tun.e la ih kuh di-faung lau zing la. Da san, z kha-weh,

Tsong-kok nyung ieu-zeu kuh too, Me-kok nyung kha-weh kah

too, yi la kuh siau kuh sang-chi nyi-too li veh ding kuh, siang-
$
mo kuh sang-chi nan-pan thing-kyien kiihyi la kha-weh kuh
,
zung-kwaung, kha-weh kuh z-thi, kha-weh kuh di-faung z veh sau

ziang noen-nyung phah-jea, nyui-nyung dan-jung z bing-dzang

kuh beh-siang yan.


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.
LESSON No. 67

LUNG TSONG-KOK NYUNG TAH TS ME-KOK

NYUNG KUH PI-KYAU 'AU-PEN-DOEN.

Tsong-kok nyung soen m-meh z-thi tsoo z tsung-kwen, thi
/
nyung-ka tsoo z-thi z ti-vi kuh, Me-kok nyung veh z zeh-ke soe-

zen ke ts nyi-san-man ka-taung kuh nyung-ka, nyang-lau noen

wan la tah nyung-ka da i-zaung, ya lau nyi-ts wan la tah nyiwig-
_ f
4ca tsoo zeh-tsha, di tsong z soen bing dzang kuh z-tm zien

ziang yi-panauh-sang-ts la kheauh kuh z-'eu, de-thi nyung-

ka seu-tsauh, 'ok-z chi vong-zung- nyung-ka chuh-van, tau ts hyih-

'au kuh zung-kwaung meh chi lien-zih, 'ok-z chi tsoo-kong", yi la
/&
a veh soen we ti-vi^ iung-we yi la khoen nung-keu tsoo z-thi lau
.
z-lih, pi-ts chi khau-th auh bih-nyang wan iau zung-zong. Wan

yeu ziang kaung tau koen-zing Tsong-kok nyung soe-zen a tshu-

zong tsing-zung, j^ih-koo yung-suh laung khoen-chi-le z juh-ji
_ |
hweh-liah kuh, zeh-ke meh tsing-zung zien peh yung-suh le-

juh tse. Ngoo la Me-kok di-faung veh da khcen-kyien nyung

tsah auh-tshok lau phoo-lan kuh i-zaung, zieu z ziang yi pan

tsoo-kong kuh nyung, yi la la tsoo-kong kuh zung-kwaung meh

nga-tsau-i-zaung veh koen-zing, ih tung tau tsoo-wen ts kong, yi
[87 3


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

la zieu chi wen ts koen-zing i-zaung", wan yeu tau ts li-pa-nyih

nyung-nyung zen wen ts sing-i-zaung, yeu kuh meh tau li-pa-

daung li chi yeu kuh meh chi maung-maung tshing-kyoen, lau

bang-yeu, 'a yeu kuh meh chi beh-siang beh-siangr, da i z Tsong-
_
kok nyung meh tsuh pih-koo la koo-sin-nyien tah ts
"

_ chi chuh
_ > -
hyi-tsieu kuh nyih-kyah moh khun tsah sing-i-zaung, la bing-

zang kuh z-'eu da ke tsah auh-tshok i-zaung kuh too, pih koo

yien-dze kuh zung-kwaung i-kyung khe-thong tuh tco tse, kaung-

kyeu we-sung kuh nyunga veh sau. Me-kok nyung kuh sung-

thi dzang-doo lau kyi-nyok jien-tsaung, hyok-chi 'a tshong-

tsok, tah ts Tsong-kok nyung pi-chi-le, thih-tsung z siang-fan, di

kuh z we sa yoen-koo nyi, iung'-we Tsong-kok nyung veh thi-

yan, yien-dze

ih-khoc, zen-r


sing

/nan-pan


tshau lau veh vuin-dong
.
soe-zen yeu thi-tshau kuh

daung meh,/n
#
kuh z tse, ngoo saing la zeh-nyien '(

boo laung tsong-we fah-dah tien tse.

do en zan-z Me-kok nyung sung-koo
,
ih tsaung li-hwung / kuh z-thi 'a z
/
Tsong-kok nyung, ngoo juh po-maung Tsong-kok

chi 'auh zeh ke kuh z-loo z-thi.

fah 'auh-daung-li

nyung li-khe ts 'auh-

yeu nyung chi kaung-kyea yuin-dong liang

iu-seu la yuin-dong kuh ih-
Ji
I-zaunr soo lung kuh kyi-

Tsong-kok nyung, wan yeu
_
Me-kok nyang sung-koo ts

nyung vehiau
88


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.
LESSON No. 68

LUNG CHIEN VAUNG-DIEN KUH KYIH JOK.

Zien-nyih-ts nroo tau Pok-s-tshen-loo bong/loo tsen-kauh-laung
7>1
kuh ih-ban yah-vaung-li chi seu vAung-dien. Di-ban yah-vaung z
>
ih-kuh Ngoo-kok-nyung khe kuh, i kuh mung-mi en tsaung*-seh Je

zeh-fung ziang-yang", Ngoo chi kuh ih-nyih thih-tsung lau-pan
,
veh leh-la, hoo-kyi ngang-sang-lih-chi we-deu-wo," tong-ka/ tau
1
woo-song chi tse." Ngoo wo," Di kuh yui ngoo peh-zeh, ngoo
_
tseh hyau-tuh le hyang lewen-tsang' sien-sang" seu zien liang-kuh
/_
nyoeh kuh vaung-tsoo/' Yi tau the-deu lau wo," Di kuh veh khau-

i, pih-ding iau lau-pan z-ka foo kuh." fEu-seu ngoo dong-chi

lau wo," Veh nung-keu tse tang, ngoo i-kyung le ts kyi-tsen tse,
.
a m-meh zeh-ke kuh kwe-kyui, zang-tsaung chien-'au-chi kuh, ih-

ding zieu iau foo-peh la ngoo, fea-tsuh iau tah na veh khah-chi tse."
H
'Eu-seu ngoo zieu la yi-ban yah-vaung li zoo ts ih-hyih, 'a-

li hyau-tuh yeu too-hau-nyang zien nau ts fah-phi au le thau-tssuig.

Yeu yah-vaung-li kuh tsanp, yeu tsauh-deu-s-voo kuh, yeu ze-
S
vong-tien, chuh-zeh-tion, dien-tung-tien, wan y&i ji-yui too-hau

ling-ling sen-sen kuh tsang.

'Eu-seu ngoo tseu tau kah-pih kuh tien-li chi-tang-thing tang-
C 89 ]


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.
B
thing khan-khan hyau-tuh di kuh Ngoc-kok-nyung z ih kuh wah-
-
deu, phien nyung-ka kyau-kwan hoo-seh, lau iau siang ya-li yui-

be theu-pen-dzang.

Ngoo hyau-tuh ts di kuh sing-sih, lien-maung" tau kong-daung-
II
laung chi ling ts liang-tsang fong-bi, lien-ya nau di-ban yah-
_
vaung fong-chi-le, ping-tshien la doo-mung kuh ts-diau laung sia-
A
ming-bah lau wo, m-nyung khau-i sien-nau i kuh li kuh meh-
_
z, pih-ding sien iau kheu-thuh liang kuh nyoeh kuh vaung-dien."

Kah liang-li-pa vong ts Kong-daugn-laung kuh yui-tan, lau kyau

Loo-i-s-mo chi phah-ma-thuh kuh, zeh-ke tsong*-see chuh-chai yeu-

yien kyi-liang nyun^-ts.
LESSON No. 69

LUNG ZO.

Zo z dong-veh taung-tsong ting kyau-wah'kuh, i kuh tsong-le z

peh ih, pih koo yeu ih tsong hwe-seh kuh zo z ting dok, veh lung

a li ih tsong zo yi kuh liang tsah nga-tsh tsong kwe z dok

kuh, te yui nyung tsong z yeu sung voo ih kuh, soo i nga kok

myung ih kho/n-kyien ts zo, zieu iau seh-fah tang- sah i, mien theh
A^Tfe
ie nyung", dan z ih pan mi-sing kuh Tsong-kok nyung veh khung
[90 3


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

chi long san lau fan-r iau tlen-hyang lau hwan-mi, thong-zung lau
/
jeu yi chi. Hwan-mi meh zieu z di kuh i-s, we ts khoen-kyien ts

zo tsong-kwe veh seh-deu kuh, hwan ts mi, yi kuh neh-seh-deu
Jt.
khau-i peh i ta chi tse, t/en-hyang meh zieu z jeu i veh iau tse
/
le, la phoo-doo-san laung zo z ting too, ngoo la zien-nyien kuh

'au-thien bi-su la i-kwhe kuh zung-kwaung ngoo khoen-kyien ts
f
ta-diau doo-zo i-kwhe kah lau-'oo-zaung veh dan z veh khung tang-
f
sah yi la, wan iau thi i nyan-kyung lau kyung i zeh-ke nung kuh

z-thi chi veh z hyi-ji va? Yeu ih nyih ngoo tseu koo ih ka nyung-

ka, khoen-kyien yeu too-hwo nyung tsi la yi kuh mung-kheu-dou,

ngoo a gah-tsing chi tsang-ih-tsang, khoen-kyien yea ih diau si
_
la kuh zo, wan yeu liang kuh nyung la siang-mo, zieu z moo-ts liang

kuh we ts nyi-ts z yeu kyien-suh kuh nyung, nau i-diau zo le tang-

sah tse, dan z yi kuh nyang z saa-kyien-too-kwa kuh nyung, yi wo
_ f
di-diau z ka-zo yan, veh khau-i long sah kuh, yien-dze di diau zo

i-kyung tang-sah tse, nyi kuh ok-li ih-ding iau tau-me tse, we ts
_
di kuh yoen-koo lau da-ka veh kha-weh tse.
LESSON No. 70

LUNG NGAN-SO KUH YUI-BAUNG KUH FAH-TS
[91 3


Lessons in The Shanghai Dialect.

So-ngan i kyau khoo-lih-sing 'ong-ngan-tsing, nga-kok ming-

z kyau "tra-cho-ma". I kuh ih-lih ih-lih kuh meh-z sang la ngan-

jeu tsih-tshok kuh di-faung, i kuh yung-zaung ziang ng-ts, i kuh

ngan-seh z dan-waung kuh, di-tsong n'^an-zih ting yong-i koo-

nyung, lau ting van-nan, i-dz. Da-ke dzen-zen kbe le kuh me-

kya-veh, iau soen. kong-gong kuh seu-kyung ting we dzen. Khan-

khan chi-dea" sang khoo-lih kuh zung-kwaung, veh da kauh-zah

kuh, tau ih liang kuh nyoeh 'eu-seu, nyih-li khoen yoen kuh meh-
_
z we tuh dzien-dzien-nun^ khoen veh tshing/saung. Ya-li khoen-su
/
chi-deu tah bing-dzang m-sa liang-yangda-iak ih-kuh tsong-deu

'eu-seu, kauh-zah ngan jeu laung yeu ih-zung bok-i, lau khoen Zr

tsih meh zieu 'oo-doo lau van-nan fung ming-bah. Zeh-ke-nung

ih-nyih, ih-nyih khoo-lih yoeh-lon? yoeh-too, ng-tshah nga-deu kuh

meh-z i-kyung van-nan khoen tnh tshing-saung, yoen kuh meh-z

kung-ka veh-pih dan tse. I kuh kyih-koo, chunsf meh pienong-

ngan-bi, dzong meh pien hah-ts, soo-i zeh-ke kaung-chi-le ngan-

so % ih-tsong li-'e kuh zih-bing, ngoo-nyi veh-tuh veh-yui-sien.

baung-be. Yien-dze iau nau yui-baung kuh fah-fsuh kaung-liang-

kyui.

Dzoe-bien sa- nyung tau dzo-kwen, tsieu-tien, wung-daung,

yeu-hyi-dzang lau sa, kong-gong kuh seu-kyung tshih-kyi tshih-
[92 3


Full Text

PAGE 3

LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT I IN ROMANIZED AND CHARACTER WITH KEY TO PRONUNCIATION BY DR, R. A. PARKER OF:rlCIAL TRANSLATOR ANlJ DIRECTOR OF CH!NESE STUDIES J1!UNIC1PAL COUNCIL ALL R!GHTS RESERVED.

PAGE 4

PREFACE. The work of the preparation of the lessons in this book has extended over a period of nearly four years, and the book would have been issued nearly two' years earlier but for the fact that the manuscript, which had been in course of preparation for nearly two was stolen, and new manuscript had to be prepared. The book is printed both in the Romanization and the ter, as the author is convinced, after many years of experience and observation, that although the students progress may be slower still it is greatly to his advantage to familiarize himself as much as possible with the character, the eye assisting the ear, so tending to a clearer pronunciation, also to a better retention of tbe sound. The book is not intended for beg-inners and a use of it presup poses a previous study of Potts some other book for beginners. As nothing human is perfect, so the author is sure that, in spite of most painstaking some errors and omissions will be found in the book and he begs the indulgence of users of this book, and he will also accept most gladly. the constructive criticism whereby the book may be improved if and when further editions may be issued. No foot notes in English are given, author has found from experience in the use of a book of a similar which has such foot notes, that they often prove misleading as they are given in a very restricted form. However an extensive glossary will be found in the back of the book with numbers corresponding to the numbers of the chapters in the body of the book, giving of the more passages, The author desires to acknowledgme_nt for the very great assistance so freely rendered by Miss Z. T. Nyien in the selection of characters, and to Dr. A. P. Parker for his painstaking care in reading the proof. While the book has been adopted by the Shanghai municipal Council as a text for their employees who in the study of the local dialect. the indulge3 the h9pe that he h1s hereby made at least a small contribution to the all too scanty, extant, literature in the local dialect, the one which most neuly ap pr9ximates the language of the Wu Kingdom, of the time of the. Three Kingdoms, which was the heyday of China's literary grettness. R. A. PARKER. Sltangizai, May, z.923.

PAGE 5

KER TO THE PRONUNCIATION OF THE ROl\/\ANIZATION USED IN THESE LESSONS. The system used in these exercises is substantially the same as is used in most of the books published in Romanized Shanghai collcquial. Most of the sounds are represented by iuitial and final svllables. The Initials and Finals are classified under High and Low Tones, HIGH TONES. The high pitched unaspirated tont;s are represented by the letters, P, mv, n, ng, ny, k, ky, kw, i, and w. ny has the sound of in spaniel. ky is like ''ch,in church without aspiration. i in an initial is sounded likei,dahlia. The aspirated tones are indic:-i.ted in some cases by the use of h" placed after the initial letter or letters, as ph, th, tsh. kwh, ch. h, hy and hw are initial aspirates as is also 1, pronounced like ''th,in Thomas and not like "th" in thing. ch is like ch,in church. hy is liketi,in Portia. Theh" after an initial consonant or consonants always indicates a strong aspiration of the preceeding letters. In pronouncing an aspirate there is always an expulsion of the breath which can be

PAGE 6

easily felt on the hand if held before the mouth when speaking. In the unaspirated tones there is not the slightest breath felt on the hand. LOW TONES. Low tones are represented by the letters,-b, m, V, dz, z, I, ny, g, J, gw, Y, and w. The initial vowel low tones are indicated by ,before and just above the vowel, and are,.a,anahau,aung,aueeh eu,okoong00,oenung. These are pronounced with a strong low voice as though it came from the abdomen. FINALS. The vowel endings are,-a, e, i, iau, ieu, and ie. The nasal endings are,-an, en, ien, oen. in which the finaln, is a nasal and should be spoken as though talking through the nose. The sound of an" is always like a,in and. The ng,in ang. aung, oong, ung, and iang, has the sound of ngin song, Final h,and k,in the following-ah, ak, eh, ih, auh, ok, oeh, uh, and iak, indicate that the vowel sound preceeding ends very suddenly. It should be borne in mind that the final h,and k" have no sound but are used simply to indicate the abrupt ending of the sound. This final h" also indi'cates the sound of the preceedi ng vowel. The sound ah,is like a,in at;ak,is like a,in what;and eh" is like e,in let. VOWEL SOUNDS. a has the sound of 'a" in far, except when followed by eh,k,

PAGE 7

n,as indicated above. e has the of e,in prey, except when followed by ''h, a? indicated above. i is like "i" in police except before ng" when it has the sound of "i,in sing au has the sound of'au,in August O is likeo,in so. oo is like in too, except before when it has the sound of 'o'' in bone. oe is like the German o. eu is rike the Frencheu" in u is like 00,in foot. ui is like ''ui,in fruit. In iau, and ie,we have the short sound of i,as in it. The sounds of certain Chinese words are represented by conso nants-These are,ts, In tsh,the h,indic3.tes an aspirate and not an abrupt ending sound. The sound of m,is likem" chasm. ng has the sound of ng,in hanger. r is a sound approximating final r or I." REMARKS The high and low tones are virtually the same sound, differing only in the pitch of the voice No system of Romaniz1.tion perfectly represents the Chinese sounds, and the student should get the sound from teacher, using the Romanization only as a sort of guide, otherwise he will never acquire the proper tone and accent.

PAGE 9

LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, LESSON I riHll LUNG ZOEN-BIEN KAUNG-KAUNG. (I) Ih-saung tshau, san-tsah wen, s-pe tsieu, ng-wen van, lok-bung tshen, tshih kuh clan, pah-tsan tung, kyeu-kwhe pan, zeh kuh nyung ). (2) Di kuh siau-noen tsungtsung tshau le ziang m-meh kyangzung kuh mo. (3) Nang khoen i kuh nyung kuh ts chau-le kau-le' hau kwoyeu-bing, leh-la tab sa-nyung ? Choen-choen yi veh iau zeh-ke, zing-zing kha-weh-ba. {4) Ngoo kuh dong-'auh kuh bih-tsien-laung, yeu ih kuh hwovung. Ngoo mung yi na-nung lau yeu kuh, yi wo,,siau,zung-kwaung kwhung la yau-lan Ii, m-nyung taung-sing, !au I peh kyi zauh-la-kuh. (5) Di-ka nyung-ka taung-tsm1g tsoo-nyung-ka, chuh-chi meh-z le tsong m-meh ih ngan tsau-tnah kuh: Chuh-si-kwo ting ch uh-we.ts nau si-kwo-bi yien ts taung tsok.ts hen, si-kwo-fs tshau-zok ts taung siau-chuh. Di kuh kyau i sang kong-foo i-sang-za.

PAGE 10

LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALF.CT, (6) Yeu la k hah-daung-li, ih lau ih kuh siau, khong-pho yi-la zieu z'.AU -lau-tha.tha kuh liang kuh sung-noen va?' Ngoo wan veh zung khoen-kyien, tsuh thing-kyien yi la kuh sung.iung la han. Tshing yi-la tau leu-laung le beh-siang ha. LESSON LUNG DONG-VEI-I TAH TS IUNG-YAH. Zong-zien ngoo veu ih kuh dze-tsu kuh bang-yeu, vi ting hwen-hvi s-nvien vi soo veh hvau teh kuh z-thi.eu ih-nvien la au-thie1,i kuh zung-kwaung, yi chi tsoo ts ih kuh chi tshing ts ih-pan ting tshh-ming kuh iung-yahden, tau yoen-li chi tseu s-nyien kauh tsongdong-veh kuh cluh-bih-sing-tsuh',I Yi khoen-kvien web-sung th~gkyien ts di kuh iung-yah yi-la zen veh hyang lau thing la, !au hwoo thing-kyien ts di kuh iung-yah, lien-maung mo thing-kyien ts di kuh iung-yah, doo-doo li kuh kyung-hah !au dzaung, pan thing-kyien ts di kuh iung-yah, zeh-fung kau-hyung !au tseu-le-tseu-chi tseu ts kyi-seh-tsoen/ Zeh keh nyung soo kuh iung-yah veh-dong-kuh, !au bib kul>dong-veha yeu zeh keh kuh sing-zing. [z]

PAGE 11

LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, LESSON LUNG FAUNG-KYA YEU-SAN. Nyi nyoeh li kuh thien-chi z ting hau, zien li-pasan thihtsung z Ya-soovok-weh-nyih, lau' faung san nyih kya ngoo zieu keh ts s kuh bang-yeu ding-taung t u Voo-sih chi tang-lih, la tshih-tien ih-khuh dong-kyah lau khe. tsho, la zeh tien zieu tau Voc-sih tse/ih ta&. irdeu nyi zieu kyau jau-ts de nyi tau kuh san laung chi.'; Nyi sao kyting koo kuh kyung-ts z ting hau khcen, lieu-lok; s nyung ts sing li su-tshang. Nyi ih tau ts 1-deu hwang-san-ya.]i; zieu chi-deu tang-lih, teh zung-hau,' thih-ts~ng la tang teh chi-J.._yuag kuh zung-kwau~, loljuh-sung-pe tse, le ts ih tsah zong-sung kuh tsh-nyeu, ngoo kuh bang-yeu veh izung khcen-kyien kuh, zieu nau i-tsah nyeu le tang sah tse.Eu-seu le ts too hwo tsongdien-nyung tah nyi phing.ming, nyi tau kyung-tshahthing-lau g chi,1. nyi meh zeu-zah thing-tsang kuh trnhbe, lau i vah wan ts doo-kung.kyah tsheh le ts lau suzi kuh. [3]

PAGE 12

LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. LESSON iilffl LUNG CHAU KUH ZTHI. Ngoo kuh tshingkyoen zauhnyih tshung tsau-tsho zong 'Aung-tseu tau Zaung-he, tsho ts tau Fongrkyung tsho-zan-kuh z'eu, }eu ih kuh nyuinyung zaungtshotse yi tung li veh too ih hyih,' yi}1\Veh-zen eulau-too ze}1-zen ngau-veh-dzu, yi tsuh hau te ts tshaung-nga-deu eu, veh hyau-teh i kuh zungkwaung, thihtsung yeu Jiang kuh hyang 'au nyung; da yah khcen zaungchi z ih te singfoo-voo, la tsho yien ts kwe-dau siauloo laung tseu. Nyuinyung eu 'au chi kuh ryaehz thih tsung eu la hyangau nyung kuh mien khong laung, hyangau-nyung zeh-fung dong-chi lau doo-doo li mo-nyung We ts tshots 'ang teh kwha-ve~0koo, soo-i yi la mo kuh seh-wo thing veh da tshing-saung, pih koo khoen-kyien yi la kuh seu wan la tien-tien tshok~tshok kuh mo, di kuh yuintsho kuh nyui.nyun-g kauk zah zeh fung

PAGE 13

LESSONS IN "THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, LESSON LUNG KYUNG-NYIEN DEN-WAN KUH THIEN.CHI Den-wan z Fok-kyien te-mien kuh ih kuh siau-tau, thien-chi pung-le z pi Zaung-he nyih, dan-z kyung-nyien 'au-thien nyih teh kung-ka li-'e fing-nyih kuh kuh s nyung sung tau ih-pah-zch-doo, ting-fongliang kt1h v'eu 'a yeu kyeu-so-ng-doo, Thien-chi yoeh nyih-meh i-deu kuh pahsing yoehka iau yi la siang i-zaung tsah teh sau meh hyau-teh yoeb. tsah teh b:::ik meh nyih-deu yoeh-ka so-teh tsing yan. Sooi yeu nyung wo i-deu nyung kuh sung-thi zen so-teh tsiau lau pien ts muh-huh kuh tse, hau ziang Iung-doo-nyung;Yeu ih nyih yeu ih kuh khoen tsloo-kuh-nyung koen ih-juin ts-loo tsheh-chi, tau tsen-le kuh zung-kwaung, zen pie:1 ts hoo-phang-ts tse, kyeu-kyung veh hyan-teh di-kuh seh-wo z tsung nyi wa11 z yung-yong. LESSON -..';4 ;y LUNG SAU KYIEN TOO La Zaung-he Nyung-p:::ikloo laung yeu ih ka nyung-)rn sing Lok1, zien-nyih-ts sing yong ih kuh hyr,ng-'au di kuh [5]

PAGE 14

LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. yong-nyung ih dzuh z tung la hyang-au kuh, lad di0tsen z tshootsh tau Zaung he le, zauh-nyih yi khcen-kyien ziang-pih laung kuh ling hweh-zen kuh hyang yeh ding tse, yi Yeh seh hoo di-kuh z teh-lih-fcng kuh dien-ling !eh la yi tau kyunghah !au dau-nyung-ts z zung-dau la tsauh-kwa, soo-i yi lih-khuh, jui-'au-le te ts dien-wo-siang phok.1hok phok-thok kuh kht:h-deu, a-Ii hyau-tuh yi yceh khuh-deu dien-ling yceh ka hyang,eu-le yi kuh nyui-tsu-nyung thing-kyien ts tseh-le thing dien-wo, khoenyi kuh ma-mc1. yeu zeh-keh kuh ji-kwa lau mung yi sa kuh yoen-koo, Yi kuh nyui-tsu-nyung hyau-teh ts di-tsaung z-thi, doo-doo-li hau-siau lau ka-seh peh yi le di kuh yong-nyung ming-bah di kui,i hyang kuh meh-z veh z zung-dau tsauh-kwa, z teh-lih-fong z-ka siang-sianga tse. LUNG BOO LAU-TSU KUH PI-KYOEK. Fah-kok Po-li di-faung, yienzen lau-zong z ting-too, lai.t pak.sing zeu yi kuh !en, zehzen z veh duh-we tshing ih kuh tsen-mung-boo-tsh-kya le fs:-cfoo yi-la., Di kuh [6]

PAGE 15

LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, kya kuh kuh fah-tseh z ting ji-kwa'., yi soo-yong kuh ka sang, pih-koo z ih 1kuh siaumaung, lau tah ts ih-tsan seu-di kuh dien-kwaung-tung,' tsauh-lau-zong kuh zung-kwaung, di kuh tsenmung-kya, tshing-sung dong-yceh kyeu-dau li, lau tshaung-kod, ( kuh toc-hwo lau-zong di kuh sung-iung, zieu tshiang sien bau-tsheh-le, lau yi meh zie11 yong maung le tsauh dzu yi la,r me-tsen khau-i tsauh kyi-sehtau kyi-pak-tsah peh tung. 1 Di kuh bookuhaung-nyih, i-kyung yeu zeh-too-nyien,~vi' khe-tsen ts zien, yi zung-kyung tah meu-bi-hoo-tshang ting-lih-'eh-dong, zieu z yi me-nyie11 iau thi di-ban-tsha,ng, tsauh lok-man-tsah wehlauzong, di-ban-tshang i,i.u foo yi san-man fah-laung kuh zeu-ln.uLESSON LUNG SEN POO-LI IUNG KE FAUNG HAU LA. Yien-dze ngoo-nyi soo yong kuh poo-li,ok-z yong poo-li tsoo dzung-ko1yg kuh veh-jien, ziang tung-tsau, pe-ts, bung-ts, bing lau sa, jlili' .jsong meh-z tsen yong-i ta1:i,g.-senr-tshien tang-sen ts ""elr-'pi-tuh dz-chi, ]au veh nung-keu ting kuh. vVe ts dih kuh ycenJ
PAGE 16

LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, zieu nau yi chi hwan theh lau veh iau tse.A li hyau-tuh di knh pboli soezen dzung-kong sen-phien wan khau-i yeu yong deu. Ngoo soezen veh tong hwo-yah, danz thing ka wo1 senpooli tse khoo-i Iaung la loo li sau lau tsoo tong-si siang chi nau senpoo-li zui.longle taung la ih tsh; ih meh khau-i mi 1-theh san la di-Jaung, tshok saung khoo-nau nyung kuh kyah, nyi rneh tse khau-i nau sen-poo-li ma peh la poo-li].tien-li lau dzen kyi kuh dong-dien, !au poo-li-tien-li kuh nyung tse ma tau tsnang Ii chi, tshang-li tuh-zah-ts dih tsong rpehz yi-la z man lrnen-nyung-kuh iungn e ka-dien_bien-nyi !au di-lien kc1h seu-zok i khaui sang zeh ke nung 1neh kyauih kyui liang tuh," ngoo-nyi ah iung-ke tsoo nyi veh iung-ke tsoo 'a. LESSON iilffl LUNG 'AU-TI-HEN KUH SIAD-CHIEN. Me we tau 'a.n kyi, kuh zung-kwaung, thien-chids~mg-z zehfung nyih, lau veh bien-taung tsoo z-thi, ih rlong meh z:eu iau ts lau kauh zah sa-aoo, soo.i nyung-nyung la 'au-thien tsong-pi tong.thien ts di kuh yoen-koo yeu too hwo [8]

PAGE 17

LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. dzetsu-nyung iau tsheh mungtau san laung chi bi-su tung fang. Jiang tien tse tsen le. ke kuh tsoo fah tsuh pin yeu dong-dien kuh nyung meh khau-i teh tau, mmeh dong
PAGE 18

LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. / "" Ngoo khoen 'Aung-tseu kuh pau-tsho pi-ts Zaung-he kuh chi-tsho wan iau tsheh-fong-deu, tsho-ts kyung-koo nau-nyih kuh di-faung i kuh ling chung-le kung-ka hyang, hau-ziahg Zaunghe kyeu-hoo-tsho kuh tsongtaunglaung,,6taung.]aung,,sooi la Tsien-jau, Ji-a,iung, Si-oo ih ta di-faung, di-kuh liilg sung kung-ka too. Zaunghe zoo chi-tsho kuh nyung me-we kyung-koo Nen-kyung loo kuh zung kwaung, tsong-iau chung yi kuh la-pa kung-ka hyang, i-ts hyien-ming yi kuh tsheh fong-deu, zen-r i kuh wung-taung fan-r veh jihAung-tseu kuh waung-pau-tsho yan. iittll -LESSON II LUNG IH TSAUNG NGA-KOK-NYUNG FAH-HYOEK KUH Z-THI. Zauh-nyih yeu ih kuh nga kok-nyung, ling ts yi kuh nyangnyang si3.u-noen lau Sing-s-ka chi beh-siang, beh-siang, ts;yi-la tsheh le kuh zung-kwaung, yi khoen-kyien di laung yeu ih kuh than-deu, yi veh tong Tsong-kok-wo' yia .veh hyau tuh Sa z-t!)i, yi zieu mung yi kuh yong-nyung WO, di kuh Z Sa. rreh-z yi kuh yong-nyung kau-soo yi wo -di kuh z

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, than, foi tsen-pok hau lau cheu kuh z-thi kuh. Di kuh si-kokkyien-ts d1]rnh seh-wo, .yi eu-'auchi nau ts ih-po kyoents kyau tshah-z kuh nyung ih-kuh ih-kuh thi yi tshah,nanmeh di kuh tshahz -sien-sang, z"eu khe-kheu loen-tshah, pih-wah loen-sia, di kuh ngan-kok-nyuug rneh ih zeh z1ang sah yi z zeh-fung tong Tsong-kok-wo, lau 'a tsing-thong tsheh-z kuh z-thi nung, khoen kuh nyung .da-ka zien sjau sah tse, we ts yi tsoo le fah-hyoek lau,eu-le tshah hau ts z, yi zieu mok-tsheh ih-kwhe-yang-dien le peh la tshahz sien-sang, di kuh tshah-z kuh nyung tsung-tsung z hy:-tsheh maung-nga. LESSON No. 12 ),/-:.(\ fiAII LUNG IH-KUH TSU-PAU-TIEN LI KUH HOO-KYI. La si-mung yeu ih kuh nyui-nyung .Yi z tsheh-ming kuh, zien-nyih-ts tau dzung-li kuh ihrban tsu-pau tien li chi ma tsung-tsu, yi wang-kan dzu-kari ka11-ding ts ih-tsong tsutsu, lau i-ban tien-li kuh hoo-Tyi thau yi zeh-kwhe anyg-dieri ih-lih, di kuh nyui-nyung wall yi ng-kwhe yang-dien ih.lih, di kuh hoo-kyi yien-pi yi ka-dien wan teh thuh sau, nau yi le dung TA TA

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. lau woih-dien vehiau song-peh/ nonghau va,,a li hyauteh di kuh nyui-nyung mienkhong-laung ih-ngan veh hyien-tsheh -dong-chi kuh tung hoo-kyi wo-wen ts .,yi kuh seh-wo, yi lien-maung nau tsung-tsu faung la yi kuh sung-pien ts lau doh~-} fau ngtseu tsheh chi tse, tsli wotoo-zia, too-zianan. meh di kuh hoo-kyi zieu bau zaung chi la dzu yi, di kuh nyuinyung zieu nau yi kuh hoo-kyi tang liang-kyi nyi-kwaung,eu le di-ban tienli kuh tong-ka hyauteh zthi veh te tse,' zieu tsheh-le thau-nyau lau nyung-tsho, di kuh nyuinyung khug nau tsung-tsu nau. tsheh le, yi pi ng-tshien wo na veh khung-ma wo veh-ma, wesa 1au zehkeh m-.kwe.kvui lau dung-nyung nyi, ngoo yien-zen tang nong zieuz iau kyau-hyong, kyau-hyong nong i.eu veh iau tse tehzen bih-nyung, ngoo wo di-we nyui-kyoen tsong-soen hyong ten yeu li yan. LESSON 13 LUNG IH KUH HAU-SIAD KUH TONG-DAU. Zau-hyung Ting-kaoo difauag yeu ih kuh nyung sing Ling, tshnyung ting hwenhyi chuhtsieu, rtsh:en chuh ts tsi<:u 7eu SEU pi}1-ding iau chi ih~l
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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. iau san s nyih, la i kub di-faung nyung-nyung zien hyau-tuh yi z zen-yui kwhuung-kau kuh. Yeu ih nyih yeu ih k,uh nga-loo le kuh ts di kuh sing-sih, yi zieu bau tau sing-Ling kuh zang-hwo lau te yi wo,ngoo 'a man we tuh kwhung kuh, ngoo-nyi liang kuh nyung ah khau-i too ih kuh tong-dau, kauh-nyung nau tsheh ng-seh kwhe yang-dien le, daka dong-z chi kwhuug, khoen sa nyun1 sien kau, tshi~ ih kuh le thi ngoo-nyi kyoeh-toen su-yunrg, sing Ling kuh 11yung juh-ji tsan-dzuug di-tsaung z-thi, da.ka tsau ts ding la kuh lau chi kwhung tse. Liang kuh nyung kwhung tau di s nyih kauh-nyung zien man-man-nung kau-tsen le tse, pih-koo sing Ling kuh nyung sing tuh sau we tsau_ ih ngan, soo-i-meh zieu su thuh-ts ng-seh-kwhe yang-dien. LESSON No. 14 LUNG DIEN TANG-SAH IH DIAU DOO-ZO. Yeu ih kuh bang-yen dzong Tsuh-kaung le wo, la i-deu Huh-long-san kuh san-au.li, veh too kvi-z yeu-ih d1au zo peh le tang-sah tse. Di.diau-zo yeu san-dzang tshih-tshahtoo dzang, i kuh liang-tsah ngan tsing doo-tuh.le ziang kuh [13]

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LESSONS lN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. dzo-wen, tseusung z1en-z tshing-huh kuh ngan-seh, yi kuh lin;r bung fah-yien ih-tsong kyungseh, deu laung yeu kyi-hve-deu yung-zaung kuh nyukkok, tsah nga-tsh loo tsheh la ts nga-deu yeu ng-tshung-too, yi kuh nyi-po-laung lllolts ih-kwhe nyok-ba, ba-laung kuh z woo-doo !au khoen-veh tshing-saung I-deu kuh hyang-au-nyung zien tshih-tsa1w pah-ts veh hy.:rn-tuh na.nung-long-fah, yeu kuh nyung meh tstsang chi yeu kuh 11yung rneh tstEang chi hwah la -yeu kuh nyung meh ts-tsang song-tau chi,tsau ngoo kuh i s ting-hau song tau Zau1w-he pok-vehyoen-li-le, keh~meh khau-i peh ngoo,nyi khoen-khoen litu da-ka ny1en-kyeu, nyien-kyeu tse. LESSON No. 15 LUNG VEH-SEH Z KUH KHOO. La Zang-zok di-faung yen ih kub nyung, yi kuh sing-zing ting siau-chi, yi kuh k1-tshan tau mcin foo-tsok yi mok-peh-seh-ting, chni chuh tuh veh sau, soe-zen yi ke-dong
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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. kuh ih-pan-nyung i nga, iau siang chi bang yi ih kuh dong-dien, keh z dan,j, veh iau chi dan-chi,! hau-ziang 1au yi kuh singming tse. / Zien-nyih yoen-kwen we ts ming-zeh yeu-.kwan, tshuh kau-z kyung-ts liang-zeh tshuh-kheu, dan-z di kuh hyangau-dzets, dung-tsih-liang-zeh tsih tuh veh sau, soo-i yi dzang-tsaung tau kauh tsh chi thoen sing-sih. I-nyih-ts thih-tsung yeu ih kuh wah-deu siau-hwoo-ts dan-chi-ts deu la khoen lau 'au-nyung lih-la yi kuh pen-eu theu-thing fong-sung, danz di kuh wah-kyi-kya hyau-tuh yi z mok-peh-seh-ting kuh, soo-i yeu sii1g dzau yau-yien lau dok.tsheh le lau wo, "La di-kuh hyonghwaung. kuh nyien-vung voo lung dung-toih liang-zeh lau, peh la kwen dzo-tshuh le me'b, tsuh bau ih-zi tsho:ig-kong.,Di kuh hyang-'au-nyung thing-kyien ts di-tsong hah tuh doen-doen-tseu, lati lien-maung bau-tau ok.l i, lien-ya nau i kuh too-hau liang-zeh s.tsh fung-dung. Eu-le tung yi kuh nyui-si le wo-mingl?.a._h, bing0m-meh di. ., tsong seh-wo/ nan-rneh yi veh~ hah lau wo"chui tuh z ka kuh,, di kuh zieu ky.eu veh seh z kuh khoo yan [15]

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fiRfl LESSONS IN THe SrrANGIJAI DIALECT. LESSON 16 LUNG KWO-BI VEH IUNG-KE GWAN LA LOO-LAllNG. Zauh-nyih ngoo koo Zing-one-dz-loo, khoen-kyien ih-boo waung-pau tsho, we ts tsho-foo dah zah ts ih-kwhe si.kwo-bi, lien-nyung tah ts tang-fan. Tsjio-kanga doenthuh, zoo-khah tah ts tsho-foo z1en zeu-saung,zoo-khah-meh kwa tsho-focy lau tsho-foo-nieq ;veh tsangchi-le the-pan ih-ngan-tang;Eu-le le tse zieu nau tshofoo tang ts ih-tung, tsho-foo kyi-zen zeu ts dong-dien laung kuh sung-seh, i; tsau zah nyok-sung laung kuh thong-klioo, zehdze z hwe-chi. Tsau ngoo wo chi le, bing veh z yi la liang kuh nyung kuh tsho tshu, zeh-dze z gwan si-kwo-bi kuh nyung kuh veh zeh-mi yan. Pi-faung z ih kuh z ih kuh doo-kwhe-deu, wah ts ih-kau, chi veh z iau song yi la kuh ming va? Ziang sung-nyung wo,kyi-soo peh yoh, zung,,ngoo-nyi chuh ts si-kwook-z bih-tc;ong-kwo bi tsong veh iau zoen-di lcen tauh laue-nyung. [16]

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, LESSON No. 17 __,.,. -LUNG IH TSAH TSOK-SUNG. t Dzang-zok kuh z ting-too, pihkoo pok mung nga-deu tso>{yoen iau soen ting-doo tse, i kuh li kuh tsok-sung ih.nyien veh ts iau tsheh kyi-tshien kyi-man-tsahi soo-i lih-nyien i le dzan kuh sung-dien zeh-dze z vehsau. tshung-thien hweh-zen sangtsheh ih-tsah hyi-ji-koo-kwa kuh sung le, di-tsah-sung da0iah yeu nyi-tshah-kau !au tseukyunl! yeu kuh ting laung yeu san kuh sungtsien, lau me kuh sung-tsien laung z1en yeu san ban tsokyeh koo-haula-kuh. Di-ka Dzung-ka khoenkyien ts di7tsah-sung lienmaung zieu chi pau-kau "y-rkuh thing-kyien ts di kuh zien soen di-tsa -sung z veh kyihli kuh, nan-meh da-ka saung-liang ding-taung ka-hau-ts mok-za lau, nau di-tsah-sung la loo-thien sau. theh-tse, la sau kuh zung-kwaung too-hwo hyang-ling zien tshehN goo hyau-tuh ts di-tsaung zthi, i-we zeh-fung khau sih,' we ts mi-sing/kuh yoery,:kqo zieu nau di-tsah ji-kwa kuh sung le sau theh tsti, feu-touh-rr]eh khau-i ta tau Zaung-he faung la pok-veh-yoen-li peh dok.zeh-veh-yak kuh nyung khaui nyien [17]

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LESSONS IN Tr-rn SHANGHAI DIALECT. kyeu nyien-kyeu, nanung lau we tuh sang-tsheh zehke kuh le kuh nyi. LESSON 18 LUNG SEU-DZE-NOO KUH KYIH-KOO La pung-boo ih kuh kuh sing-dzing ting k}mh-bok. Bing 500 yi tsen-mung faung dzong.li-dien,' vani yi keu dzan dong-dien kuh z-thi yi z vQb-khongvehtsen kuh, i-ts yi tsih-hyoeh ts toohwo ka-taung., Yi z-ka dzang-tsaung wo, 'ngoo i-kyung we ts meu yungfok, chuh-lautsah khau-i veh pih tan-ieu tse.,f Veh liau zaung-nyoeh kuh tshoo-kyi-li, we \Vaung-siensang, tuh ts dzong-bing lau bing-s zeh-fung hyong. hyien, tshing i-sung le khoen, i-sung wo, "di kuh bing z we ts lau-sing koo-doo lau sang kuh, yiendze kwha-tien chi ma nyung0sung le diauli, khongpho wan yeu ih-sien kuh hyi-maung. Dan z yi kuh nyi.ts thing-kyien ts di kuh vehdan z veh wo,mmeh ih kuh nyung veh si kuh, ming.li ts la iau si, peh yi chuh nyung-sunga [18]

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, zlm-ih-kuh., Sang-bing-nyung thing-kyien di-kuh seh-wo doo-doo-li dongchi, dan-z we ts yi zusan, mmeh chi-lih tah yi kuh nyi-ts tsang-lung, ., tsuh-hau kwhung la zaung laung dzang-sung than-chi, taung-ya ka-bing lau zieu oo-hoo. LESSON No. I 9 LUNG IH-TSAH HYJ-JI KUH MAU. Tsong-kok-nyungmau, hau ziang si-kok-nyung hwen-hyi keu ih-yang da-1' nyui-nyung pi noen-nyung kungka hwen-hyi yang mau1 iung-we nyui-nyung dzang-tsaung tung la ok-li, lau mau z taung-sing ok-li kuh meh-z, i z we ts mau veh ziang/keu nung doo lau hyong. Yang mau yeu liang yang hau-tsh,' ih meh bi-theh tshu-yok, i-zaung tah ts zeh-veh khau-i veh peh lau-tshu ngau-wa. Zien-deu yeu ih kuh Dzau-tseu-nyung sing Tsang z khe tien-taung kuh, yi kuh ok li kuh lau-zong z voo-]i-soo, nyih-lia ken tsheh 11e bautong-bau-si, doo kuh yeu teh ziang siau keu nung doo, zeh-dze thau-yien. Yeu ih nyih yi tien-li-hyang kuh ih-kuh dzau-vong nau ih tsah mau le, i kuh mau-seh z zung-waung kuh, hau ziang ih tsah kyung-mau, i kuh ngan-tsing z lan kuh, i lmh [19]

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, nyi-po z kwheh lau pien kuh ziang peh nyung tse-theh-koo kuh, tsong-r yien-ts i kuh ya.ng-suh z tah bing-zang kuh mau veh dong kuh. Tsang-sien-sang wo "di-tsah-mau iau ma kyi
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LESSONS IN THE. SHANGHAI DIALECT. ok-li yeu tien z-thi lau tshing-kya tsen-chi, nanz-hau-tse, ih tau ts ok li, yi kwhung kuh zaung laung i z te ts too-hwo kuh su lau pau-ts, me-nyih chi theh ts chuh santung \ran kuh kong-foo, tsho veh too m-meh zung-kwaung veh kwhung la zaung laung khoen su lau pau-ts, di kuh bi-chi yi z i-kyung zih-kwan lau veh ts-,kauh tse. Yeu ih-nyih-ya.li yi kwhung la khoen sing-vung-ts, yi zeh-dze joen veh koo lau khoenkhoen pau kwhung-zah tse, veh hyau tuh pau-ts chi bang la zaung-pien-deu kuh lah-tsok-hoo laung, lau sau chi le lien mung. tsanga sau-zah,eu le yi lnvhung maung-deu li, kauh-zah sung laung na-nung nyih le, kau tsen le ih khoen z veh dakuh ok.li-nyung thing-kyien ts zien lok. chi-le, juh-lih pho-mih lau tsong-soen hoo kyeu iung zen hoo veh zung sau dzung-kong, zen-r i-kyung chuh tub veh siau tse, soo-i iau choen-choen ts-we tsong veh iau kwhung la zaung laung khoen-su 'ok-z khoen-pau, iungwe siau meh yeue we-sung, doo-meh yeu kwan sing-ming. LESSON 21 LUNG TSAUH ZEH KUH HAU-KYITSHAH. [21]

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. Ngoo yeu ih kuh ycen-tshing hyang-le z dzu la Aungt.seu lrnh Sing-khe.long-Ii, tsho veh too nyung-nyung zien hyau tuh yi-la kuh foo-tsok lau ke-dong-dien kuh, soo-i i-pan zeh. kweh-deu ih-dzeh la ngan-nyih lau zanyien, i-ts di-ka nyungka dzangtsaung bang-zah seh-tshih kuh z-thi, soe-zen chi pau k_yung-tshah-thing, lau siang fah-ts chi tsauhnau yila, tau ti tsauh-veh-zah.Eu-le ngoo kuh tshing-kyoen zeh-dzeung-sa}1tse, tau siang-tsheh ih kuh man-hau kuh fah-ts, zieu z menyih-yali kyau yi kuh yong-nyung tang-pan-le ziang zeh-kwehdeu kuh yang-seh, lung-lieu la eu-ziang ka-tsoo ziang theumehz kuh yung-zaung, ping-tsien te yi kuh yong-nyung wo, zahzen di-jien oents nung-keu phoo-theh rneh iau 'e11 lau zing-nyoen le si chi tsoo tse. Koo ts kyi i1yih la meu-meu. ya.li san-kang thien kuh zungkwaung, i-pan tsung-kuh lauzeh le tse, yi la dau nyung di-pan yongnyunga z tsung kuh zeh, soo-i da-ka zieu tang-tsau-hoo, la di kuh z'eu di-liang. kuh yong-nyung zieu tshung-tsh kyi-we nau yi-la tsauh-lau ts, lau song tau kwen-foo di-faung chi. [22]

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, LESSON 22 LUNG IH-KUH HAH-TS. La S-tshen di-faung yeu ih kuh sing we-we-kyau kuh hah-ts, yi z tsoo fan-ma koo-tong lau nyok-chi sang i kuh, yi kuh liangtsau ngan-tsing soe-zen hah dan-z fung-bien veh-phing kuh pung z, pi ts liang-ts wan iau le.tnh li-'e ngoo yeu khong kuh kong .. foo tsong iau tau yi kuh tien-li chi zoo zoo lau behsiang siang, ngoo dzang.tsaung khoen-kyien yi kh:m tshJ.h c;zchi kuh sien yong seu mok-mok,eu-le meh faung la nyi-too laung thing yi zieu hyau tuh di-yang men-z z kyi-hau nyien-de tse, fungbien bih-yang meh-z, ziang su ,vo hoen-nyok ]au sa, 'a yong seu lau nyi-too le de-thi yi kuh ngan-tsing, zehke tsoofah yi tsong mmeh ih thaung we tuh kuh, veh lung 'a-li ;h-tsong kootong tsuh0shf peh yi ih-mokokz ih-thing yi zieu hyau-tuh di-yang mehz z tsung kuh wanz ka kuh. Yi khau ts di kuh pung-z dong-dien veh sau, la i deu kuh dong aung-tsong zien kyau yi hah-ngan-da-waung. LESSON 23 LUNG JUNG-DOO. [23]

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, vong iung-lih ng-nyoeh tshoo-ng-nyih, zieu-z zok-nyui "toen-yang-tsihdi kuh z-'eu thih-tsungzdzong-'au, yui-s man-toodzou-s 'a doo, zen maung-le liauveh-tuh, van-i ke-long-zen kuh nyung-ka zen-iau yui-sien nau zen ih-zi sien-hau, !au kan-sien ting-zok-seu kuh lau-da, yui-be pi-se, di kuh fong-zok Tsong-kok siang-zen au-le i-kyung ta-nyien tse, zieu kyau'jung-doo.,Yeu kuh zung-kwaung too-chi-le yeu kyi-seh-tsah zen ih-dau pi-se yi kuh zen-sung zen miau ts long kuh-ling, wan yeu long-den long-nyi-po yi kuh tsianga yeu vung, soo-i zeh-fung me-kwen, zen Ji wan yeu deh-bih kuh yahchi la1i loo-koo, Tsong-kok siang-zenau le kuh kong-tsong kuh yuin-dong lau pi-se z ting-sau, veh ziang si-kok yeu baumo lau se. zen, tab ts bih-yang kuh yeu-hyi, ih-nyien tsong-yeu kyi-tsen, ts sau-yeu, soo-i me we tau toen-ng-nyih chi khoen wo-longzen kuh nyung zeh-dze veh-sau, yeukuh tau Tha.tshaung, yeu kuh tau Ka-ding lau Nen-ziang,a yeu kuh tau Dzang-zok lau Mi'ng-aung. Ziang yien-dze yeu ts hoo-tsho z ih-nyih-thien khau-i tang-tsen-we, veh pi zien-deu tshung-zen kuh fi-z, khau-sih yien-dze kuh iung-doo veh ziang-zien-deu hyung. waung tse, iung-we tsune:-foo veh-tsung yan. La lok-nyien ziendeu ngoo kyi-tuh yeu long-zen tau soo-tseu-'oo li le i [24]

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, kuh z-'eu khoen-khah tsung-tsung hyuny-le gah le gah veh lauk, soo-i meh yeu kyi kuh nyung li tse, yungchui sing-ming veh-zung saung kuh, iung-we thih. tsung la nyih li bang-zah di kuh z-thi, ding la baung-pien kuh zen-laung-nyung khoen-kyien ts lien-maung' nau yi-la -kyeuchi-le. LESSON 24 LUNG KYA ZIH-TOO. Dzong-zien yeu sing Nyien sing Zi liang kuh nyung, la ih-ban aung_liauh-sang-i, la aung li ih gong yeu zeh-too kuhauh-sangts, !au vi-dok di kuh siau-noen kuh phing-yung z ting toentsung, la ts-suh laung pi-kyau chi-le, sing Zi kuh veh]uh sing Nyien kuh, soo-i me-th:rnng fung hwo-'ong tsong z sing Nyien kuh too tien, th ih-tsung la tsiang jungauh-me kuh ih-nyien kuhau. kuh sing N yien kuhauh-doo, song nyung-ts tau bih-ban tsaung laung chi, we ts hweh-liah lau tsang long-tsho tse, nan. meh sing Zi kuhauh-sang-ts siang ngoo hyang-le tsoo z-thi tsong z tse-sing-ts-ts,au-voo-hwaung-daung, ziang di. we long-tsheh zeh-ke kuh peh-yung le, ih-ding iau la yi kuh [25]

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, phiang-yung laung kheu fung-soo, lau yui me-s kuh ih tsih laung doo-yeu kwan-nge, tsung-tsung z khau-sih, zieu siang tau aung tsang mien-zien chi thi yi tshing nyoen-liang. Yi i we siang ngoo a z ziang yi nung sing-khoo-yong-kong, lau me nyien kuh fung. soo tsong veh-juh yi, yi zah-zen di-tsen veh yeu koo-seh tau nyien. ya-deu, laauh-sang-ts .taung-tsong i-iau a-zah di-ih-ming, yien-dze yeu ts tshotshu, ngoo kuh ky,-we le tse, ngoo khau-i a-zah diih-ming,oo-pih iau chi thien yi seh-zing nyi, wan-veh z chi tshoen tauh yi siang tau di-boo, hweh-zen siang zah Mang-foots SOO PEH YOH PEH S YUI ZUNG siang zah yi kuh tsoovoo ,voSUNG ZUNG LI-KYI KUH ZTHI TSONG VEH-KHAUI-TSOO,yi sing-li zieu kauh-z1h zeh-fung zan-gwe ih-loo-siang ih-loo au-hwe, zieu lien-maung bau-tauaung-tsang mien-zien, thi sing Nyien kuh nyung kaung hau-wo 'eu-le tau nyienya-deu, sing-Nyien kuh nyung zung-jeu z di-ih-ming lau sing Zi kuh di-nyi-ming,aung-tsang khoen sing Zi kuh dau-tuh kau, soo-i saung sing Zi kuh dih-bih-tsiang-kyung tah sing: Nyien kuh ihyang.

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LESSOJ;'IS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, LESSON No. 25 LUNG IH KUH KOO-VUNG. Nen-kyung Koo-leu di-faung, iau soen z stsh-pahloo kuh ih kuh iau-kyung kuh di-doen, lau nen p6k waung le kuh ih kuh tsong-sing-tien, soo-i Zi-tok-kyuin duh we kyoen ts ng-mankwhe yang-dien zieu la i-deu loo pien-deu kuh hwaung-di-laung, ding-taung iau dzau ih kuh yui be tsong nga zung-z chi yeu-hyi kuh. Nan-meh zieu pha yi seu-au kuh nyung chi kan-tok kong-dzung !au nau di kuh ih-dcen kuh vung !au nyi tsong ih zi joeh-theh, hweh-zen joeh tau nenmien, joehzah ih-yoeh koo-vung, i kuh li-hyang kuh kwendze da.iah yeu ihdzang ng tshah dzang, lau di-kheu kwen-dze wan veh zung wen ien voo lan kuh, sseu kuh yung-ziang hau-ziang z weh kuh; pihkoo i kuh deu-fah yeu tien b:mg-song, i kuh ts-lian ih lih dootsung-ts, lau di-lih tsung-ts kuh zeh-kyung daiah yeu ih-tshungto?,eu-seu peh iceh-vung kuh siau-kong nau tsung-ts dzong tsli wah ts tsheh le, nan meh s-seu lih-khuh pien ngan-seh !au dzien-dzien-nung voo-lan tse, tau meh-kyah-le pien-dzung-kong ih thans. Thingkyien-wo, yien-dze yeu ih kuh ngakok-nyung dzing-nyoen tsheh ts doo-ka-dien hyang joeh-vung kuh siau-kong [27]

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGI-L\l L'IALECT. ma di-lih doo-tsung-ts, veh hyau-tuh di kuh yeu joen-ping khau-i ma-theh i lih doo-tsung-ts va, 'a thing-tuh wo, di-yoeh-vung z Miug-dzau kuh ih-kuh doo-kwen-foo kuh tsoovung yan. LESSON 26 LUNG HA KUH TSUNG-TEU. Tsang-i-sung dzong Koo-ling tsen le kau soo nyi wo, la jieu nyien tEhieu-thien, yeu ih nyih tsiang jung nyih-deu lauhsan kuh tau chi beh-siang, khoen kyien yang-lieu-zu-iungau-deu, yeu ih tsah ha la so-tshau laung, ziang tuh-i le si kuh yang-sub.Eu le yeu ih-diau siau dzong chien-li zaung-le, yeu-koo ha kuh tsoo-pien, lau siang chuh-tbeh di tsah ha, ha khoen-kyien ts zo, lien-maung pi-longts ngan-tsing, joen-ioen-long kyab !au ia la tshau li, ziang bahsah kuh yung-zaung dan-z di diau zo la bamig-pien te i khoen ts dzang-yoen, hweh-zen nauni,r chi ts deu lau dzau zien yeu koo le, nau ha kuh pe; fok, nyau ts kyi-tsen, ha tung zo nyau hau ts, yi zieu la so-tshau laung fan-le fo>,-chi kuh veh ding, zo nyau tuh yoeh kyung meh ha yoeh kwha, zeh ke nuilg [28]

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LESSONS IN T1-rn SHANGHAI DIALECT, yang suh tsong yeu kyi kuh tsong-deu,eu le meh zo m-meh chi lih !au, tst1h hau thing zeh ts kyang thuh la so-di ]aung veh dong, nan meh ha man-man-nung bo tau zo kuh 'eu-mien, yong liang tsah doo-jien le jien doen ts zo kuh nyi-po, ih-deu-jien lau ih-deu-chuh, chuh-ts yeu ih-tshung too. Chuh. pau ts i zung.]eu bo tau s Ii chi tse, i kuh zung-kwaung zo z tseh pih. koo yeu ih sien ts chi, than la so-tshau-di laung than-chi. Ngoo chi deu siang di-tsah-ha tsong iau peh zo nyau sah kuh, a Ii zo tau long Yeh koo i. LESSG>N 27 LUNG IH-KUH ZEH-PUNG KWA-TS Zauh nyih ngoo la ngoo-kuh bang-yeu di-faung chuh tsong. van, chuh ba ts vaneu sen ngoo nyi tse zoo au-le dan-dan, zeh kaung tau liang-tien-too-tsong !au fung-sung kuh. Yi ngoo wo, jungle Zaung-he tau ts ih-kuh Tong-yang kuh kuh ming-deu kyau Laung-zung yi kh'l.u.i we kwats taung.tsong kuh lau-set1. Yi la Zeh-pung di-faung ikyt1ng van ts kyi-seh-tsaung kuh kwa-phien kwen foo tsheh saung-kah iau tsauh-nau yi kuh nyung, soo-i yi veh-[29]

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. nung dzung.lieu la pung-kok, lau tsuh-hau dau tau bihkok chi, nan-meh yi zieu dau tau Zaung-he le. Yi' khan tau Zaung-he kuh zung-kwaung yi kauh-zah Zaung-he kuh zung-zing-s-too z dooliangyang kuh, yi z tsung-tsung tshong-ming, yi zieu we-tuh zoen kyi-iung-pien, tsau ts z-s lau s yong yi kuh seu-doen. Yeu ih nyih yi laong-kheu kuh Ahlok.loo laung tseu beh-siang, hweh. zen khoen-kyien ih-kuh kaung-pok-nyung thiau-ts liang-loo kuh kyi-dan'; da.iah yeu nyi.tshein too tsah} tshok dong ts yi kuli' kwaphien kuh nau-kyung lau yi zieu tah kaung-pok-nyung kaung ding me.tsah clan san-seh-dien, kyau yi ih-zi thiau tau 'ong-keu meu-meu tien li chi; Di-kuh kaung-pok-nyung khaweh iuh-juh, iung-we yi kuh clan ma ts doo-ka-dien iz ih-zi matheh tse, sang tuh yi sa-doole-si, thiautong 1hiau-si.Eu-le thiau tau ts hau ts clan kuh soomah, yi kha-kha weh-weh kuh1 lih la kyi-dan dien.A-li di kuh Tong-yang kwa-ts 'tsau-i tang tc; Tong-yang-wo lau hyang tien-li kuh hau ts clandien lau dau-tseu theh la tse. Kaung-pok-nyung tung-la ts dzang-yoen'eu-le tsing-chi mung-mung-khoen, yi-la we-deu yi wo "nyi pEh yi kuh Tong-yang nyung tse, h kaung-pok-nyung z-zen fa}1 [30,]

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. ]uh lau veh zung-nyung.Eu-seu tshau ts ng. yoen-yoen; kyung ka laung kuh choen tien-li-nyung peh yi kadien kuh ih pen lau liau kyih tse. LESSON 28 ..LA jjffD LUNG PHAN TSHING IUNG-KE Fl THEH BAPAH-Z KUH .ZIH-KWAN. Tsau ts Tsongkok zen 'au le kuh kwen-kyui, van-i noen nyui iau phan tshing pih-sui sien iau tshing me-nyung song nyui-kya siau-tsia kuh pahz tau nen ka chi, nan-meh' nenka nau nen nyui liang kuh nyung kuh i=ah-z chi kau peh la scen-ming-sien-sang lau tshing yi soen-ih-soen. nen nyui kuh ke4-chile zet1 m-meh tshong khuh kuh meh khoo-i phan tshing kuh, veh zel1 ke meh, yeu me-me kuh iungyoen tsong veh we tuh dzung-kong1 kuh. Dih tsong okfong-dzok siang zen 'au le i kyung dzang ycen tse, lau veh-hyau-tuh dzong sa-zung-kwaung chi deu kuh, tsongr-yien-ts clih tsong zeu kyau mi-sing yan. Tsau ngoo siang chi le noen nyui kuh phan tshing ting iau-kyung kuh z-thi yen ng yang. (ih), ah va ? zung dok koo su kuh? (san), Nyien kyi kyi-soen tse. (s), [31]

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. 'oo zung va ? (ng), Phing-mau va '7 Kaung tau pah-z kuh tshong-khuh veh tshong-khuh zen veh khau-i siang sing kuh, iung-we dih kuh zen z hahwo, yien-dze z vung ming kuh s-de mi-sing kuhangwe' iuug-ke dzutheh, Zah-zen yeu nyung tsu ngtsung hwen-hyi tshing pahz lau iau ba-ba khoen meh ngoo siang wan hau yi.la thau ih tsang siau-tsau lekhoen-khoen tau yeu tien ih-tshna ts we i-we na-nunga ? LESSON 29 .LA iillB LUNG IUNG-KOK-NYUNG KUH MI-SING. Si-kok-nyung soen Tsong-kok-nyung chi tsiz zo pih lau vong pa ngeu-ziang z ngenbung kuh z.thi, ngoo wo dih-kuh s~h-wo z veh tsho, clan z Si-kok0nymFa yeu mi-sing, yeu kuh mi-sing z sung koo ts Tsong-kok. Yien dze ngoo iau nau Iun kok nyung mi-sing tsen hau siaukuh pah yang z-thi fan-tshehle peh na thing. (ih) Thaung-zen ih-tsah-keu yong kyah-tsau le tsa mung hyien-tsheh di}1-ka nyung ka iau bang-zah yeu si-nyung kuh z-thi. (nyi) Sih-soeh nung-keu sauug-s pak yang fok-chi, aah-zen esah yi meh zieu iau veh suh deu tse. (san) Mau tang pung-thi keh-meh sing-nyang ts tsiang-iau bangzah kyih-chung [32]

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, kuh z-thi Lau-au kyau kuh sung-iung tan kuh meh z oiau-ming iau lauh yui tse, saung kuh meh z piau-ming iau thien zing Bih nyung.ka yang la kuh mih-fong le zui la nvi kuh ok-li meh nyi kuh ok-li tsiang iau yeu veh yuin-chi kuh z-thi, tsheh-le.tse. (lok) Ien-ts tau vaung-ts-li le tsoo khop z hau kuh z-thi, nau yi le long-sah-meh tsong iau ling-zah tse-nan tse. (tshih) Nyung zah-zen nau siau-noen kuh yiau-le le khong yiau meh di kuh siau-noen stiang-iau bang zah sang-bing lau tse-nan tse. (pah]Bing nyung khoen-kyien koo-ts khok taung-tsong yeu la hwo di-kuh s:rng-bing nyung kuh bing zieu we hau tse. N100 siang zaung-deu kuh kyi-yang mi-sing kuh z-thi tsong z lau-pe.li-kuh Iung-kok nyung siang sing kuh, yien-dze z khethong tse tsong veh-kyien-tuh tse-la kuh mi-sing tse z-va.? LESSON 30 LUNG IH KUH WAN-KOO-KUH SLEN-SANG. La siau-tonir-munir zu-i-lonsr Ii veu ih-kuh s-zok. di kuh 'auhdaung li kuh sien-sang sing Li !au ming-deu kyau S-chung z Santong nyung, yi pung le la dzung-nga-deu khe ih-ban siaustien, [33]

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LEssom, IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. iungwe zuh pung lau yien-dze keaung tse. Di we siensang kuh bi-chi z tsoen koo-tsuh, ih nyih tau ya tsong-kwe yang lau fah le kyauzeu yi kuhauhsang-ts. Di kuh 'auhdaung-li ih gong yeu nyan kyi kuh nyung. Yeu ih nyih yeu liang kuh nyien-kyi sau-we
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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. bang-yeu ih-dau tau Henyung chi khoen dzau, dake kuh nyung siang chi le di we dzaus ih-ding pi waungnyien le tuh kau, yeu ih kuh bangyeu wo di-we dzaus vi pih kyien tuh p1 waung nyien kau, iung-we s i.kyung man doo tse. ngoo thing ts di kyui seh-wo yeu tien veh da siang. sing, dan-z tau ts i-deu 1h-khoen hyau tuh yi-kuh seh-wo Z yeu tien dauli kuh. La tsau-zuug ng tien san khuh khe tsho tau zia-jau kyeu tien ling ng fung, nan-meh 'au tsho tseu tau zenboo-deu chi tshung zen. Tau He-nyung i-kyung yeu zeh-nyi-tie11 san-khuh kwha tse, kyung kco kuh sloo s z zeh fung doo yeu kyi diau ti kuh jau i.kyung peh s tsing meh, nyi la zen laung tsung-tsung hau beh-siang le, iung-we ih gong yeu s-zeh too tsah zen ih-lien-tshen hau ziang la se-zen. Tau ts He nyung zieu la we-zang-laung chuh tsongvan, di tung van z tsung tsung bih-kyah kuh zung--kwaung ih ngan m-meh tsh-zui kuh, hau ziang Ia tshiang le chuhr-tshien chuh kuh mehz _khoen zaung chi veh koen zing lau khau veh dzu kuh, soo-i chuh ts ]au zieu veh chuh tse. Veh too ih hyih dzau-s le tse, di we dzau tsung kuh veh da kau, pih-koo tshih-tshah nanung lau nyi hyau-tuh kuh, ngoo kausoo na,thihtsung la nyi khcen kuh 11,1ien-zien, sli dzu ih [35]

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT; tshah, la dzau veh zung le kuh zung-kwaung z san-tshah kau, dzau-s koo ts z zeh tshah, soo-i !au hyau-tuh z tshih tshah kau yan, khcen koo tseu-seu nyi zieu tse tshung zen tau Zia.jau, zaung hoo-tsho, tau Zaung-he i-kyung z pah tieri san so-ng-fung tse. LESSON 32 LUNG IH-PHIAU I-NGA KUH DZE-HYANG. Tsong-kok kuh kwen-kyui, van-i ka-noen meh, pih-ding iau yui-ben ih-tsah soosiang-ts, i kuh lihyang ta-hau tsah kuh bah-poo-khoots, bah-poo-juin lau sa. Di-tsong siang-ts tsau Ii kong-boo-doo-nyung dze s kuh tsauh hyung khe kuh, sooi yeu kuh nyung-ka kyung-ji-zen, faung ts nvien veh zung khe hyuh koo kuh. La phoo-tong di-faung yeu ih kuh nyung, yi z khau-ts kau-su chuhvan kuh,eu-seu we ts yi kau le veh tuh-fah, lau peh la nyung. ka we-deu-thuh tse, dzong tsh koo-nyihkyah>mngkakwhung nan. Jung-le thien-chi zeh-kenyih, iau ,iang ma ih-jien tan-i-zaung le thi-we thi-we 'a ma-veh-chi. Yui z 'oo yi-siang-thienkhe, seh [36]

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. iau siang khe di-tsah soo-siang-ts le kyeu-kyeu-kyih, dan-z we ts zih-kwan kuh yoen-koo, yi 1 veh ken meu-meu-zen khe, nanmeh zieu chi tah yi foo-nyung saung-liang lau dingtaung la waung-hwung-deu nyung zing kuh z-'eu dong eu tsoo.A-li hyau-tuh ih-khe siang-ts zieu khoen-kyien ih kuh Tsong-koknyung-'aung kuh dzung.tseh, la i kuh laung dzung nyi-tshiel).-kwhe yang-dien, ping-tshien i-kyung yeu kyeu-nyien kong-foo veh zung chi nau Imo li-dien kuh. Di kuh tseh-tsa z yj kuh dzang-m. thi yi-la dzung kuh, khong-pho yi kuh nyui-si tsau-zah saung-z kuh zung-kwaung, yeu sa choeh-sau dzang-toen meh zieu khau-i yang Di-we lau tha-tha tsung-tsung khau-i wo e yi kuh noen lau juh.tau yi kuh nyui-si tse. LESSON 33 LUNG TSONG DEU Nyung la khan tsheh-s kuh z-'eu ting yong-yi zok nyui kyau thien-hwo, tsheh-thien-hwo z ih.tsaung ting we-hyien kuh z-thi, ih kuh veh-tuh-fah iau si, r-tshiena yong-yi koonyung kuh, mi-sing kuh nyung i-we tsheh thien-hwo yeu zungdau kuh, iung tsh veh tsung ok-li-nyung chuh hwung-sing lau [37]

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LESSONS 1N Tm-: SHANGHAI DIALECT. hah-seh-hah-wo, zeh-ke meh zung-dau khung pau-yeu tse,e, di kuh deu 'a z 'wung-yok huh ih tsong, soo-i lau nung-keu zen-zften yan. Tsong deu kuh fah-ts z dzong Tsong-kok chi-deu kuh, zieu z nau deu-ga tah yah z kyau deu-miau, nau di kuh miau chi seh la nyung kuh bih-deu-li, kah tshih-nyih deu tshehtsheh le tse, dzongtsh thien-hwo khaui mien-theh, zen-r fah-vizing-zen, soo-i 'a yen we ts tsong-deu lau si-theh kuh 'cu le di kuh tsong-deu kuh fa}1-tseh 'ang-tau Eu-tseu, yeu ih-we Iung-kok yeu ming kub i-sung, kyau Zi-neh. yi faung-tsau Tsong-kok kuh fah-ts lau yong nyeu-deu le tsoo miau,;eb-ke nung yi fr ts nyan-nyien kuh kong-foo kuh nyien-kyeu khan khan zing-tsheh tscng nyeu-deu kuh faung-fah, yi sien nau yi kuh nyi-ts le s-nyien, kco-zen tuh zah yau-nyien. La Zi-neh khau-kyeu tsong nyeu-deu kuh z'eu, tsong-nyung zen i-we yi z hah-tsoo, nyising yi z yong iau-zeh, paung-yien-fung-fung, yeu nyung wo, tsong nyeu-deu kuh siau-noen yung-ziang pih-ding iau pien nyeu, deu-laung we sang-kauh lau sung-iunga we ziang nyeu, yi kuh fah-ts
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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, la Eu-tseu, dzong-tsh thien-hwo kyi-zih tse. Yiendze veh dan-zEu.tseu, thien-'au kauh-kok zen 'ang tsong-nyeutsoo-ka laung kung-ka zah~dzong, soo-i Kong-boo-jokla kauh-tshu khe s-tsong-nyeu-deu kuh dzang-hwo yi la veh seu sa tsongfi lau 'au.kyung dzoe-bien-sa-nyung zing-nyoen chi tsong meh, zen khau-i bah-tsong, iung-we Kong-boo-jok kuh mok-tih, z iau yui-baung tsooka.laung yeu sa zen-zoen bing yan. LESSON 34 LUNG TSHO TS Zaung-he z Tsongkok ting doo kuh thong-saung kheu-ts dzoe bien sa meh-z veh lung chuh kuh, yong kuh, tshoen kuh dzong bih-kok le tsong s1en iau yuin tau Zaung-he, soo-i Zaung. he kuh hwoyang z ting too, zieu z kaung' tau kuh yang-suh lau tsong-lea z veh sau, yeu siau-tsho-ts, tongyangtsho, kyah-dah-tsho, mo-tsho, dientsho, chi-tsho, dzu ts di kuh yeu kauh-tsong kuh thah-tsho, kwung-lootsho, lau doo siau kuh fung-tsho. Ngoo yiendze iau sau we kaung-kaung, zoo kuh phoothong lrnh nyung tsuhkhau-i zoo-zoo waungpau-tsho,ok z ke ihboo pau-tsho, lau [39]

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, mmeh dong-dien kuh nyung tshuh hau tshung-tshung san-tung dien-tsho, yien-dze nyih laung ting kwheh kuh nyung meh zieu z zoo-chi-tsho, di kuh chi-tsho z hau, i kwha, i z-mau, we ts, ka-dien kyui, soo-i ke kuh nyung veh z ting-too, yen kuh nyung dzong chi tshoaung.li pau kuh,a yeu kuh nyung z kyau kuh, dan z tsau ngoo kuh i-s wan z ting hwe-hyi zoo-zoo dien-tsho. Na khoen Zaung-he di-faung nyung lau tsho-ts zehke nung toe, zieu z ting kwheh kuh me-loo,a z gah le liau veh tuh soo-i dzang-tsaung yeu tsho-ts tshaung'oo kuh z-thi, dan z dien-tsho z tsho-ts ting doo kuh, tsuh hau i chi dzaung bih-boo, lau bih kuh tsho-ts veh nung le dzaung tau i, zeh ke nung meh lau i bien-nyi, r-tshien zoo la hwo tong noenau liang, hau ziang ih boo kong gong kuh chi-tsho. Yeu kuh zung-kwaung yeu zehkyi kuh bang-yen zoo la ih-dau ts kh;rn-i dan-dan kaung-kaung, dan z yeu kuh nyung bienpok lau wo, tshung-dientsho hau z ha~ kuh jang z jang kuh khau-sih yeu kuh we ts tshung dien-tsho lau tih. sah tse, di kuh sehwo veh tsho, zenr si-si-nung chi dzodzo zieu hyau-tuh yi z we ts thiau-dientsho lau tih sah kuh, di kuh. nyung z kyau ke si.

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. LESSON 35 LUNG VEH TSHEN NYI-TOO-AGAN. Yien dze Tsong-kok nyui-nyung dzu theh zen-kyah kuh okfong-dzok ts nga wan yeu ih-yang iung-ke kwa-tien fi-theh kuh z-thi, zieu z tshen nyi-too-ngan. Kaung-tau tshen nyi-too kuh is m-meh bih yang kuh yoen-koo, pih koo we ts hau ta choen lau tsaung-seh le tshui-tien, dan z wo tau nyung kuh tshui lau pho veh dze00 siau le si kuh choen, z dze thienzen kuh hau-khoen. Nyung sang tuh mts-suh lau veh za-kyung, soe-zen ta choen 'a vi-pih we thau nyung kuh hwe-hyi, Ngoo dzang. tsaung thing-kyien nyung wo tsong-kok z na-nung na-nung kuh jong, tsau ngoo wo chi le Tsong-kok kuh tsung-foo z tsung kuh jong tuh peh khQen, dan z Tsong-kok kuh pah-sing ih-ngan veh jong veh iau soen sa bih-yang, tsuh iau chi soen-soen nyui-nyung ma choen kuh Ji-yongl i-kyung veh sau tse. Choen meh yeu kyung, pau-zah, lau kyung-kaung-tsen, i kuh siang-faha z veh-clong kuh, zeh dong-dien kuh pau-zah meh seukong-dien man-kyui, zah-zen veh tshen nyi.too-ngan, keh-meh yong veh-zah ta-choen, veh ta chcen di-pih kwhen-ts zieu khau-i sang au-le tsoo-tsoo' bih-yang yeu ih kuh z-thi, [41]

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DALECT. khoen-kyien laung wo, meu.tshu-meu-di-faung yeu nyui-nyung ihkoen-ts tseu lo:::i, nyi-too laung kuh choen peh pe-theh tse, lau nyi-too 'a peh yi pe-hwah, di kuh z we ts nyi-too laung kuh meh-z ting-yong-yi yung-nyung chi-ngan chi tshiang. Kaung tau tshen nyi-too-ngan chuh kuh khoo-deu chahzeh pi zen-kyah chub kuh khoo-deu sau, dan z i kuh fi-yong pi zenkyah too tuh too tse, ngoo choen na ts-we ting-hau veh iau thi na kuh siautsia di kuh nyung kuh z-thi. LESSON 36 LUNG IH TSHIEN KYEU PAK NYAN IH NYIEN KUH THIEN-CHI. Kyungnyien dzong lih-'au kuheu-seu, thien-chi ih-ngan veh tsung, waung-nyien di kuh zungkwaung, too tsah so-san, kyung-nyien tsah ts kah-au wan kauh-zah lang, r-tshien dzan -tsaung lauh-yui, zeh-nyih li-hyang yeu tshih-nyih z lauh-yui, di kuh tau ti z we sa yoen-koo nyi.? Yeu nyung dzo-khau tsheh le wo, di kuh z kwanyi tha-yang mien-laung soo fah tsheh le kuh huh-tien kuh yoen-ko:::i yan, la ih tshien kyeu pak zeh s:i.n nyien kuh z-'eu,di tsong huh-tien ih [42]

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHA1 DIALECT. ngan m.meh kuh, tau ih tshien kyeu pak ze.h tshih nyien kuh zung-kwaung, hweh-zen yien tsheh le yeu san-zeh too tien kuh huh-tien,eu le meh veh da khoen-kyien tse, tau kyung-nyien kuh ng.11yoeh li i yien tsheh ting too kuh huh-tien, i kuh zeh. kvnng da yah yeu nyi man iung.li. Dzong di kuh huh-tien fah-yien kuheu-seu, thien-chi zieu ih ngan veh tsung tse, iung we yi-pan dzo-khau kuh nyung wo, la di kuh li, yeu ih tsong vehtseh, zieu kyau ping-bau, zah-zen di kuh lauhtau di laung, i nung-kyeu s thien-chi zeh-fung lang lau nyih-nyih lauhyui. LESSON 37 LUNG CHOEN-MIEN NGA-KOK ZING-BOO DOK TSO NG.KOK-SU. Kyi nyien zien deu Kong-boo-jok-li kuh tong-z da-ka saung liangang tsheh in-diau sing kuh kwekyui, zeuz van-i nga. kok.nyung-tau Tsong-kok le taung meh, pih sui iau yi. la dok Tsong-kok su, iung-we veh tong Tsonh-kok wo, da-ka yong-yi ngoo we, lau veh bien-taung-kuh. Tsuh pho yi-la taung tscng yeu kuh veh khung dok, di kuh 'a veh nung ngang [43]

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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. pih kuh, soo-i siang ih kuh fah-ts mien-li yi-la s tuh yi-la z-ka iau dok, zieu z peh yi.la tsiang.li-kyung, di tsong tsiang. kyung kuh too sau z veh dong kuh, z tsau ts Tsong-kok wo dzung-doo kuh kau ti lau ding-taung kuh. Soe.zen zeh-ke, yeu kuh nyung zung.jeu veh da kau-hyung dok su, yi.la wo 'auh Tsong-kok wo z loo-soo lau van-nan kyi tuh kuh, di kyui seh. wo z veh tsho, dan-z iau siang tau too-hau nga-kok-nyung, hwah theh ts yi la kuhaung-nyih, lau li-khe ts yi.la kuh siang tau Tsong_kok le chuh doo kuh van, zah-zen di kuh ih. ngan siau z-thi veh nung-keu nen-singauh zaung chi meh, nanung khau-i tsoo doo-z-thi, lau chuh doo kuh van nyi ? Hwaung tshiena veh z ih-sang.ih-s ih-zuh iau tsoo kuh, tsong iau po-maung hyih nyih tsoodoo-sia,,tsoonyi-pan,lau ih-ngan kau-sung zaung chi yan. Zien deu veh tong Tsong-kok-wo wan veh iau kyung yien-dze tuh zah ts doo kuh we-ts lau veh tong Tsong-kok wo z doo chuh chui tse, soo-i maung na kok-we veh-iau tshoo koo di kuh hau-kyiwe, lauauh zaung chi, la zing-boo-vaung li ban z-thi z ih-kuh, zih-lien Tsong-kok wo kuh hau-kyi-we, iung-we bang-zah kuh Tsong-kok oen-iien z too. R.tshien 'a veh iau fi na sa dong
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LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. siangauh, ngoo siang z yeu tien van-nan kuh tse. LESSON 38 LUNG IH KUH THI-DEU-ZIANG LAU TAH TS IH TSAH TUNG TS. Zauh-nyih ngoo tseu koo Yang-kyung-pang-loo khoenkyien ih-juin-nyung zen ngoo ji-kwa lau 'a gah tsing chi khoen-khoen, khoen-kyien ih kuh nyien-kyi chung kuh thi-deusvoo zoo la di laung khok, yeu ih kuh nyung mung yi we sa khok, yi we deu wo,khan-khan yeu ih kuh nyung di-faung deu-fah, tsien hau ts deu-faheu le meh ngoo tah yi zing-deu, thihtsung ngoo la tah yi zing-deu kuh zung-kwaung, hweh-zen 'eu-mien yeu ih kuh nyung le nau yi zoo kuh tung ts tuh ts chi tse, yi tuli kuh yi yau-seu lau kyau ngoo veh iau hyang, taung z ngoo dau nynng ts
  • rnu-soo yi wo," khan-khan yeu ih kuh nyung nau tung ts tuh ts chi tse, yi woveh z ngoo kuh bang-yeu, kwha-tien chi zing,' nan-meh ngoo zieu [45]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, chi zing tse,a Ji hyau tuh tung-ts zing-veh-zah, lau di kuh gah-deu kuh nyung i peh-ts-chuihyang tse, thing-kyien kuh nyung zen wo Zaung-he kuh kwaphien zthi yoehtsheh yoeh-hyi. 11 tse. LESSON 39 LUNG NEN-KYUNG LIH-'AUNYIH KUH TSHUIZ. Kyung-nyien tshnng-thien ngoo la Nen kyung, soo-i snyoeh tshoo-zeh lih~.utsih 'a z la i-cleu koo kuh, Nenkyung lih-'au nyih yeu tshui kuh z-thi z ting too, yien clze ngoo pih-koo ian kaung sanyang peh na thing. Di-ih-yang tshung-nyung;inyih-laung ka-kanyung-ka zien iau ycng doo tshung le tshung nyung, iung-we yi-la wo tshung kco kuh nyung meh,authien sung-th1 ih-ding we.tuh jang-jien, veh-zung tshungkco kuh nyung meh, pihding seu zah. Di kuh z siang.zen au-le kuh lau-kwen-kyui, Zaung-henyung 'a z zeh-ke wo fah,ting hau-behsiang la i-cleu nen-mungnga-deu kuh ih-ban mi-tien mung khue-deu kwo ts ih-kwe doctshung, pien deu thih ts ih tsang ts diau wo lau,;Jiang kuh dong-pan tshung ih-tshung, i-nyih laung kuh dongdien tau peh yi clze tuh veh sau, r 46]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, di kuh 'a z ih tscng yi-siang-thien-khe kuh dze-dzien-fah-yan. Di. nyi-yang, zoo-mung-khan zok-nyui wo lih-'au-nyih zoo ts mungkhan 'au-thien ih-ding iau tang khuh-tshong, lau zeh-mi-veh-sing, soo-i i kuh ih-nyih i-pan mi-sing kuh nyui-nyung zeh-fuug taungsing, r-tshien kyung-dz yi la kuh siau-noen bang-a veh khau-i bang mung-khan. Dissan-yang, chuh-we-deu-kau;lih-'au-nyih Nen-kyung kuh fong-zok, ka-ka-nyung-ka zien-iau chuh we-deu .. kau, yi-la i-we chuh-ts meh khau-i mien-theh fah-so lau hok-loen-too-sia kuh ih-tnng z-yoeh-bing tse. LESSON 40 iiHH LUNG PHAH TSHAUNG-IUNG KUH Z-THI, La kyi-li-pa zien-deu la nen-tshing-nyien-we li khan ih kuh we-si;mg yeu ih-nyih ngoo thih-tsung yeu tien khongan kuh kong-foo, ngoo zieu tseu-tsing-chi khoen-khoen,>,hoenky_ien yeu tsah doo-lau-dzong, ih-kuh doo-mung-ts, lau ih kuh doo-tshaung iung, di kuh san-yang meh-z veh z tsung kuh, z yong ts-deu tsootsheh-le kuh san tsan tung yan, pih koo i kuh yung-zaung kyau[47]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT kwan ziang tsung kuh. Dzu thuh ts di kuh san-yang i nga, wan yeu too-hau doo-wo hyien ming we-sung tah ts veh we-sung kuh saung-e lau ih-tshu 'a yeu wehdong iung-hyi, piau-ming zaung. deu san-yang dong-veb na-nun5 kuhe-nyung. Ngoo yien-dze veh di sa bih-yang pih-koo iau sau-we kaungkaung na-nun5 khau-i}rnn-sau tshaung-iung kuhe-tsbu. Ngoonyi nyung-nyung hyau-tuh tsbaung-iung z bing-yoeh kuh mekya, nan 'au chi thienchi iau dzien-dzien-nung nyih tse, kuh tshaung iunga iau doo-doo.li tsheh-s tse, ngoo yeu ih kuh bang-veu la Soo-tseu tsoo kyau-zih kuh, yi wo, iau chi-theh tshaung.iung veh z la tsheh-le kuh 'eu-seu, iung. ke veh zung tsheh-s kuh i-zien chi suh-fah long-sah yi. la. LESSON 41 LUNG PHAH-TSHAUNG-IUNG KUH Z-THI, 'AU PEN DOEN. Soo-i lau yi yui-be ts ta-po nau tau Sungnyih-'auh-daung Ii chi, te too-hau siaunoen ,vo,,ngoo yien-dze iau tab na tsoo ih-tsaung sang-i, zieu z ngoo nau di kuh phah [48]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, na la na kuh ok-li,ok z siang-jung na ok-li kuh di-faung, chi zing tshaung-iung le phah-sah lau nau i kuh toohau pbah-sah la kuh tshaung-iung zui-chi-le pau-hau la ts-deu-li, ok z faung la bih yang m-yong-dzang kuh ka-sang li, veh iau nau tshaung-iung-tsok z i kuh fung, thah la seu laung ok z bih kuh meh-z laung, zah zen thah zah tse, keh meb pih-ding iau zing-koen-zmg seu lau kha-koen-zing meh-z. La au-Ji-pa-nyih na tau Sung-nyih-'auh-daung li le kuh zung-kwaung nau i kuh too-hau phah-sah la kub tshaung-iung ta tuh le ma peh ngoo ih-dien ih kuh, too hau siau-noen thing-kyien ts di kuh seh wo zien zeh fung kha-weh. Tau tsau-li-pa-nyih, me ih kuh siau-noen zien kau-kau hyung-hyung nau ts phahsah la kuh tshaung-iung le we dong-dien, Li-sien-sang ieu tshung tsh kyiwe>rnung peh yi-la thing tshaung-ziung kuh too~haue-tshu, ping tshien te wo, ih kuh lau-tshaung.iung iau sang man tshih-tshien-too kuh Yien-dze na siau-noen thi di-faung-laung chi-theh-tse-nyung kuh tong-si, soo-i lau ngoo iau song na dong-dien, yien-dze na zung-jeu 'au chi, pih-koo nan-'au-chi tshaung-iung iau tse, lau yong-i phah tse, keh-lau ma-ka 'a iau bien-nyi-tien. Zehke.tsoo-fah, ih-mien khau-i kan-saue-nyung kuh tshaung-iung, [49]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, iii-mien khau-i s khoo-nau kuh siau-noen dzan liang kuh dong dien, di kuh tsung-tsung kyauih-kyui-liang-tuh-yan,, LESSON 42 LUNG CHUH S-KOO IAU ZEH-FUNG TAUNG-SING Da-ken-kaung-kyeu we-sung kuh nyung, chuh kuh meh-z ih. ding z man-taung-singkuh, chuh tsau-van kuh zien-deu, iau chuhtien s koo, tsong van lau ya-van kuheuseu,a iau chuh-tien s-koo, r-tshien chuh kuh s koo, pih-ding iau kan tinghau lau veh lan kuh, iung kuh s-koo z yeu dok lrnh, dan-z bing-dzang kuh nyung tsuh khau-kyeu veh chuh lan skoo lau sang skoo chuh tien veh nge kuh, ngoo iau kyau-soo na chuh sang s-koo knhe-tshu 'a z man doo kuh, Veh too kyi-z ngoo tau Zehpung chi behsiang, yeu ih-nyih, Zang.ji-kaung-nga seu-yong siau-'uah-daung li kuh yau-tsang, le ngoo tau yi kuh 'auh. daung li chi chuh-van, la di kuh 'auh-daung kuh yoen li yeu kyi-khoo 'ang-dau-dzu, dzu laung khan-khan kyib ang-dau, nan-meh yeu ng kuh thoen-ts kuhauh-sang-ts bo tau dzu laung, chi tshan ang-dau le chuh, chuh ng kuh nyung taung-tsong ih kuh hweh zen si thuh lau liang kuh sang juhdzong kuh mau-bing, wan yeu [50]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. liang kuh le diau-dzo tsheh le, hyau-teh chuh veh zok kuh ang-dau z tingke khoen chi le chuh sang-skoo a z iau doo-doo li taung-sing. LESSON 43 LUNGAUH-ZIH SIA-Z. Kaung-tau sia-z kuh ih tsaung z-thi, veh khau-i wo me kuh dohsnyung zen we sia hauz,a veh khau-i wo mauh-vung kuh nynng, veh we-tuh s1a hau-z, nong khoen waung-waung yeu toohau tshih-ziang-s-voo, sia kuh z tau i-pan kyau-nine:. deu kuh dohs-nyung sia le tau veh-juh yi-la, wo tau sia nga.kok. z yih-zenz tsh, we sa yoen-koo nyi, di kuh taung-tsong yeu ih kuh pi-kyoeh zieuz la yi chi-deu zih-lien kuh zung-kwaung ahzung tsau kwe-kyui lau tsh-zui lien-zih kuh, wan z zoen-i loen. wah. Ngoo yien-dze veh di na-nung zih nga-kok z, iung-we we i-kyung-hyau-tuh la tse, ngoo iau kauni:r peh na thing na-nung auh-sia Tsong-kok-z. Tsoo z,;en-bien sa kuh zthi zen iau yeu kuh tsh-zui, sia-za iau yeu tsh-zui, i kuh tsh-zni di-ih faung s la nyien-de-li pih-koo vehiau thuhtoo, dinyi moo-muh, veh-iau yonglih thuh-dzong, di-san iau tshahkhoen muh-kuk nyong-lau-[51]

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    LESSONS IN THI: SHANGHAI DIALECT dan, koo-vung-nyong iau sia veh khe z kuh. koo-vung dan iau hwc-lau khoen-Yeh-tsheh, muh moo le tsung-hau ts, zieu nau boo ts faung tcen-tsung la de-ts-Iaung, zen-'eu nau pih bah-tsheh le lau tau nyien-de laung chi tsan-muh. Tsan muh kuh peu vehkhau-i thuh-saha vehkhau-i thuh-kcen, iung-we Tsong-kok-siaz.ts tah nga-kok-sia-z-ts liang yang kuh, thuh-sah iau hwo kuh. Kaung tau nyah-piha yeu ih-ding kuh yang-sub, doo-tsih~deu tab nvi-tsih-deu gahlau pih-kang kuh tsong-doen, san-tsih-deu thih-jung la nyi-tsihdeu kuh pien-deu, s.lau-ng laing-tsah tsih-deu la pihkang kuheu-mien, pih nyah hau ts, kaung-tau zoo-faha iau zeh-fung taungsing, deu iau tsung, sung iau zeh, iau veh khaui chok, liang tsah-kyah veh-khau-i faung la de-ts nga-deu, ih.tshih kuh yang-ts zen tsau kwe-kyui lau yui-be hau tseeu le meh man-man nung ih-pih, ih-pih kuh tsau-ts ]au sia-'au-chi, sia kuh z. 'eu pihwah iau lieu-sing, z sia-hau tse, yong s zing-koen-zing pih, lau yong pih-thau thauchi-le, zah-zen nung-keu tsau di kuh tshzui lau zih-lien meh, z-zen-rzen sia tse.

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. LESSON 44 LUNG TSOO KONG-NY! KUH NYUKG IUNG-KE TSIN G.I EU-TSING. S ng nyien zien-deu ngoo tau Tien-tsing lau Pok-kyung chi i-deu ting fah dah kuh ih-yangaung-nyih zieu z tsuh zau di-than, doo-doo siau-siau kuh kong-dzang veh ts yeu kyi-hau ban-soo, soo tsheh kuh veh-phing zien z siau Me-kok lau Ka-nada ih-tung di-faung, ngooa zung-kyung yong so-ng kwhe yangdien ma koo ih diau di -than, tsung-tsung z ka-lien-vehme. Jeu-nyien ngoo i tau pok-pien chi behsiang, lau tse siang ma kyi-diau hyau-tuh ngoo zing-le zing-chi zing-vehzah di-tsong kong-dzang, tau eu-le la ih-diau lang-zing kuh daung-li zing zah ts ih-ka khoen-kyien tsuh-kyi lau kongnyung z juh-sau, juh-sau kuh, ih-tshih chi-ziang tah zien-deu z doozien-deu so-ng-kwhe yang-dien kuh ih-diau di. than, yien-dze tsuh iau ma s -kwhe tsoo yeu, ngoo tsung-tsung mok-ming-ji-miau.Eu-le ngoo si-si-nung tang-thing lau khankhan hyau-tuh, la nyi -nyien zien-deu di -than siau yang-tsaung z ting hyung-waung, ma-ka z tsang ts tse tsang, ka-dien soe-zen zehke kyui, dingho::i dzung-jeu too lau le veh ji tsuh, soo-i ts:X> [53]

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    LESSONS TN THE SHANGH.\l DIALECT. sang-i kuh nyung m-meh veh li-z-zeh be, kha.usih khau sih yi-la kuh ngankwaung thehtshien li-sing tbehdzong, i we la di kuh l,yi-we laung veh fah tien yang-dzea z ngan-doo tse. soo i meh yi-la veh koo bih-yan?:, tse-mung la nyoen-liau laung nyung-kong kwah-bi, s tuh dzungpung !au li-siheu, zeh ke tsoo fah tsheh-phing-hoo z-zen the-pan tse.Eu-le-meh veh dan z nga-kok veh le ding-hoo zieu z i-kyung tsaung tsheh kheu kuh hoo-seha dzien-dzien-nung we ts di kuh yoen koo, di-than sang-i zieu manrnan-nung se-ba.tse, yeu kuh tshang meh kwan-tbeh, yeu kuh tsu-nyung meh dau-tseu, longtuh ih. ha doo-di, di kuh zieu-kyau thoen-sing peh-tsok pungli zien seh yan. LESSON 45 iilfD LUNG NYEUNA LAU DEU-VOO-TSIANG KUH ZTHL Yeu toohau nyung siang tsoo nyeuna sang-i z ting hau kuh yi-la veh zung sisinung dzo-khat>mingbak di kuh Z.thi. Zien-deu nyeu-nabang kuh sang-i z dzan dongdien, we ts chuh kuh mehz jang kong-dien !au vaung-dien tah ts ji-yui kuh ihtshih khe-siau zien sang, soo-imeh nyeu-na kuh ma-ka 'a jang,

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, lau chuh-khah meh 'a too, lau sang-i meh z zen tse. R-tshien dzong-zien khe nyeu-na-bang yang veh-zah-sa tsau-we, lau ma-nyeuna khau-i \s\iiang-s la nyeu-na Ji, lau yeu hau kuh dzan-deu, yiendze z veh nung keu tse, dzotshehle ih ding iau zeil Kaub-yang zuhfi ii.en iau kazaung chi, nyeu-na z-zen iau kyui tse, chub kuh nyung sau meh, sang i zieu the-pan tse. Tse yeu ih-yan g khau-pho kuh z leh-la Zaurig-he di faung yeu nyeuwung-yok, wung-yok kuh zung-kwaung too-hau nyeu pih-ding iau si, zeh-ke meh z1eu iau ,doozeh-pung tse, yeu ta-ban nyeu-nabang we-ts lih veh dzu lau kwan thuh tse. Dakan chuh nyeu-na knh ,1yung veh chub nyeu-na veh z we ts bih yang yoenkoo, z we-ts ka-dien kyu1 keh-veh-soen lau veh hyung chub kuh. yeu nyung dzokhau deu-voo-tsiang kuh ts-yang-liau zeh dze veh i-kyung yeu toohau si-kok-nyung nyien-kyeu i kuh dzung-vung. yi-la wo, i kuh li. hyang kuh danbah-tsuh man-too, lau tse phe poo nyung kuh sung-thi, lau i kuh kong-yiau tah ts nyeu-na zeh-dze tsho-vehtoo, ping-tshien yeu kuh. difaung sung-koo ts nyeu-na, iungwe nyeuna yeu kuh zungkwaung yeu bing-dzauh lau deuvootsiang m. meh kuh. Yein-dze ikyung yeu nyung tshating-ban we-sung deu-[55]

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    LESSONS IN Tr-rn SHANGHAI DIALECT, vootsaing-tshang, pih-koo ngan-zien di kuh sang-i wan veh zung zeh-fung fahdah, iung-we yeu too-hau nyung veh da siang-sing chuh yan. LESSON 33LUNG IH TSAH HYIJI KUH TS-LOO. Zien nyih ngoo yeu tien z-thi tau dzung li chi, kyung-koo Tau-tshe-long khoen-kyien la ih-ka-nyung-ka kuh mung-kheu-deu, zui zih ts too-bau nyung lau gab le liau veh tub. Tbib-tsung la zehke tsbau-nau kuh z-'eu bweb-zen tbmg-kyien yeu nyung wo, le ib-yang koo-kwa kub mebz, ib kub dong-pan kboen-ibkboenngoo bau beh-siang !au zieu tsing-cbi, kboen-ky]en ih kub byang-'au-nyung, seu-li ts ib-tsab mok siang, mok-siang kub zaung-deu meb ke ts ib-kwbe-bah-poo, ngoo zieu ib kub dong-pan, byau khe le ib kboen, kboenkyien ib tsab siau-ts-loo, tseu-sung z'ien z bubmau, i kuh stu1g thi da-iab yeu ib.tshab-too dzang, !au tab bing-zang kub ts-loo sau we yeu tien veb dong kub. I kub mien-siang kyiat;tkwan ziang ib tsab ts, dan z la i kub deu kuh tsoo-pien, ling-nga sang ib kub deu, r, mok, kheu, bib zien yeu kub, pib koo woo [56]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. doo lau veh da tshing-saung. Di tsah liang-deu-ts z yeu veh hyau-tuh ts we dzong-zien ah zung khoen-kyien koo kuh. LESSON 47 LUNG TANG-TSIAU WAN Z TANG-SAU HAU. Me we tau tshih-nyoeh li Tsong-kok-nyung iau tshing ts00zaung ok tse dau-z le tang-tsiau, iung-we yi la siang-sing la di kuh ih-nyoeh-li iung-kan kuh yok-kyui lau yoen-kyui zen iau faung tsheh le lau long-song lau long-sah yang-kan kuh ny yeu too-hwo nyung meh iau sang-bing lau si theh, yj la siang tsoo ts di knh hyui-ka kuh z.thi meh, khau-i bi-theh di kuh wannan chi veh z va, kaung.tauwung-yok kuh yoen-koo, doo-pen zen-z we ts dau-loo veh pahsing m-meh we-sung kuh kyien-suh, nyang tco-hwo kuh tshaung-iung, mung-zong sang-tsheh le, lau tse chi chuh peh tshaung-iung lau mung-zong ting-koo kuh meh-z. Ping-tshien la tang-tsiau kuh di-faung tsong-z khoen kuh nyung meh kyiaukwan, pa la kuh kong tshen meh zen-peh tshaung-iung la tsauh, lau zeh-fung-chi-mi, zeh-ke yang-suh veh sang-bing z-zen we. [57]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, tuh san;;-bing tse, Tsau ngoo kuh i-s wan veh-zu nau dong:
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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. mok, santing-laung yeu kyi-seh-dzaung nga-kokvaung-ts, tse. ts chi bi-su knh nyung lau zau kuh, soo-i me-we tau 'au-thien kuh 7,ung-kwaung nyung kung-ka hyung-waung. san laung ting kau kuh di.faung z kyau Thah-san, la di kuh launs?; khe-phih ih kuh kong-yoen, yi kuh li ih tshih kuh poo ts z ieu-ya.tuhfivan, di kuh hwo-yoen z zau le peh yeu-khah kuh, veh zung chi koo kuh nyung ngoo po-maung na 'a chi kyien-suh kyien-suh iung we la ideu yeu ih-zoo vaung-ts z Zaunghe Kongbooiok mala-kuh, its Kong-boo-jok Ii kuh tsuh-yoen chi z man bien-taung kuh. LESSON 49 LUNG HOO-DZ.AH KUH SING-VUNG. Tsooka laung kyeu-hoo kuh fah-tsuh z ting kwha, ziendeu kyeu-hootsho z yong-mo thoo kuh, yien-dze ke-yong chi-tsho, yi kuh tsho.ts kuh kwha ziang zen tsho-sah nyunga veh ti-ming kuh, r-tshien jungle veh khau kyung-tsong lau yong dienwo pau, kau kyeu-huowe. Zah-zen bang-zah sa hoo-tsauh kuh z -thi kveuhoovoen lau zing-boovaungi-kyung hyau-tuh tse, yi-pan lieumaung tau mok. [59]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. ts-mok-kok, fahtsuh soe-zen-hau, dan-z yeu kuh zung-kwaunga zung-kong doo-hoo-tse z we sa yoenkoo nyi.? Dake z we ts vaung-ts kuh kvientsauh too mok-liau. i z we ts vaung-ts thuh mang mih lau m-meh khong-di; Ngoo yien-dze iau kaung kyungnyien sannyoeh li bang zah kuh liang-tsaung hootse;ih meh zieu-z Hoen-kheu-loo Siau-linglong ts-tsahtien li kuh lau-pan tsih-zeu ts Soo-tseu le ding-tsah kuh san-zeh-s kuh ien hoo,an ding san-nyih-thien iau tsoo hau lau song chi kuh, tah iung ts meh di -kuh ]au-pan nyih a koen.kyung kuh tsoo, nau too hwo kuh hooyah faung la ih tsah ny1enpeh-li kyau doo-di phing-ming kuh moo, nyien ts zang-yoen yah-lih hweh-zen pau chi le,bangkuhih-hyang,,nau vaung ts zen hong theh lau sau sah ts tshih kuh nyung, khcen-kyien ts tsung-tsung z Di-nyi zieu-z kuh hoo-zah, sau ts tsong yeu zeh kyi kuh tsong-deu, sau theh kuh vaung-ts,. zenz kok nyung. 'aung lau kok yang-aung kuh dzanvaung, da.yah sung seh ih. thien-ng-pah-too man liang nyung-ts, Zaung-he kuh hvien'aungkatsho veh too ka-ka zen lien-takwan-vi. Tsoe khoonau lau ycenwaung kuh meh, z kyi kuh nga-loo khah-nyung hooseh i-kyung te la dzen-vaung.Ii hoohyien wan veh-zung pau ding lau hweh-zen bang-zah di kuh hootse, lau meh-z zen sau-

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, theh, hyoeh-pung ih-diena liau-veh-zah, tseh hau han '' whe.chi, whe-chi,. LESSON 50 LUNG IH TSAB KEU, A Tang-lih kuh z-thi si-kok nyung tsho-veh-too nyung-nyung zen hwen-hyi kuh veh ziang Tsong-kok nyung dz theh ts dzu-la san-ya di-faung kuh nyung, ji-yui kuh meh zen ts ts peh vung, iung we yi-la siang dih-tsong beh-siang z we-hyien kuh, dan-z si-kok nyung soen dih-tsong beh-siang z ih-lok, soo-i waung-waung yeu nyung khung tsheh doo-ka-dien chi ma nga-kok keu. Ngoo yeu ih kuh si-kok bang-yeu z dzu la Me-faoo-ka kuh Dih-s-we loo ]aung, yi yang ih-tshien nyi-pah-liang nyung-ts chi ma ts ih-tsah lih-keu, yi kuh ming-deu kyau 'Lo-vuhdoo-siau tah siau-li-ts tsho veh too doo. Ngoo kuh bang-yeu ting hwen-hyi yi, chuh-chi-le tah yi ih dau chuh lau ta-yi tsheh-chi meh pih-ding tah yi ih dau zoo tsho ts, dih-tsah keu 'a z ling-chau !au tshong-ming kuh, yi khoen tuh tsheh yi kuh iau ta yi tsheh-chi meh, yi lienmaung zieu-chi yangtshiang, bi.a, yui.i, ts-thau lau saan tuh le [6I]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, tung hau Ia. Yeu ih-nyuh di-we si-kok bang-yeu ta Lo-vuh tau Waung oo-than chi yi hweh-zen dzong yi kuh sung-pien moktsheh ih-kwhe yang-kien le hwah la Waung-phoo kaung li, dih tsah keu yau-deu hwan-nyi-po kuh thiau tau sli, ih hyih kong-foo yi kuh ts.lian-ts yang-dien dzong sli tsheh le, tseu tau yi kuh tsu-nyung sung-pien, dih tsah keu tsung-tsung khoo-i wo rnu-yeu kuh. LESSON 51 LUNG KAUNG-'00 KUH Z-THI Zaunghe z tsong kuh ih kuh tsong-sing--tien, lau thongsaung pi ne-di tsau, keh meh mi-sing kuh z-thia iung ke pi ne-di chi theh le tuh kwha,a li hyautuh kungka li.e, ngoo le kaung peh na tsongwe thing.thing. Zaung-he kuh siangmien, tshahz lau tsepok kuh nyung z ting too lau wo veh zing. Yien-dze pihkoo iau kan san kuh nyung;dih ih kuh z Nen kyung-loolaung kuh Ng-lfyferikwaung, yi z tah nyungka chi-khoo la kasingsieu, siangsing yi kuh nyung zeh-dze veh sau, Dih kuh taung-tsong ting siang-sing yi meh z yi-pan Kwaung [62]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, tong nyui-nyung, sooi y1 la dih kuh laungdzan ts too hwo dongdien, jung-le yi veh yuinchi, peh ih kuh nyui-tshah-bah-taung phien chi ts kyi-tshieu yang-dien. Yeu nyung wo yi ih ngan veh nyok mo, ngoo siang te kuh, iung-we yi kuh dong-dien phien le kuh, peh bih-nyung phien tien chi a veh nyensa. Di-nyi meh zieu-z san-mo-loo, kuh yi tsen-mung thi nyung-ka phi ming-ts, yi kuh ming-den soe-zen kyau Siau 'oo-doo, yi kuh nau-ts tau mantshing-saung kah, phi chi ming-ts le veh da we tsho kuh, sooi mi-sing ming-yuin kuh nyung zeh-fung siang sing yi. Di-san meh dzu la fahtsoo-ka E-too-aloo kuh Hyi-]ii-nyui.z, yi z tsen-mung tah nyung siang-mien lrnh, yi kuh nyienkyi veh doo, pihkoo zuh-tshih-pah soen, lau mieNmau sang tuh wan soen hau, sooi yen too-hwo wah-cleu siau-hoo-ts zen-chi tsauh-dzung yi lau tah yi dandan, yi-la bing veh z tsung knh iau yi iau chi yan, soo-i yi ku tsheh-sih zeh-deu veh the-pan. [,63]

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    LESSONS, lN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. LESSON 52 LUNG HAU-SING Z YEU HAU-PAU. La Dzuhdi sang kuh Pau-ding-foo yeu ihwe sien-sang-, sing Zi kyau la ih-hyang taung.tsong soenwe z ting dze.tsu kuh nyung, lau ting hwen-hyiang hau-z, Ih-nyih ts yi dzong nga. deu tsen-le khoen-kyien yeu ih-kuh siau-kau-hwo-ts la mung-kheudeu thau van, dih kuh thih-tsung z doo-lang-thien, lau z tsheh-sung-loo-th1, Zi zahzung e-lien yi lau nau i-zaung peh yi tsah, yi veh-iau, lau peh yi dong-dien yia veh zeu. Zah-zung hyi-ji lau mung yi sa yoen-koo nyi, yi khok ]au veh we tah, tse san kuh'mung yi, yi we-deu wo,thien meh ya tse m-meh di-faung chi dzu, veh-ken jeu nong sa bih-yang, pihkoo iau jeu nong ngoo la nong kuh tsau-'okkan li tungtung ngoo 'a man ts-tsok zieu iung-hyui ts yi, dzong-tsh yi zieu tung la Zi-ka tsoo z-thi. Kah-ts ih kuh too nyoeh Zah-zung we-ts yeu tien z-thi, lau dok-koen-ts tau hyang'a.u chi tan-kok la bang-yeu nyung-ka,a.li hyau-tuh tau ts penya-li, tslmng.tsc!.ung-laung hwuh zen thing-kyien stseu-we yeu sah sung, lau khcen-kyien yeu zang-liang kuh hoo-kaung la tsau-le [64 ]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, tsau-chi,eu-sell meh jang-dau dzaungkhe ts mung lau tsing-le tse, yi-la kuh yungzaung z zehfung khaupho, tau-ts li-hyang z fan-siang-tau-loen kuh seu zing dze-veh. Di-ka bang-yeu kuh ck.Ii nyung tsuh-hau zen be-la zaung laung lau veh-ken hyang, di kuh we-hyien !au zah-kyih kuh zungkwaung liang laung yeu ih-kuh nyung thiau 'au le, doo ts sang-chi han lau wo, "Yang-nyi la li na kyung-zen ken zeh-ke faung,s va,,too-hwo jang-dau thing-kyien ts yi kuh sung-iung, da-ka zen khuh-deu [au wo, "ngoo-nyi tsho tse iung-ke si, dan-z jeu nong nyau-so iungwe nyi vehz yeu sing van kuh,,Yang-nyi zieu ien seu-s lau kyau yi-la kwha-tien chi, yi-la meh ziang hah-lesi kuh yang-suh, lau zieu dau-tseu tse, Tau ts ming-tsau thien liang, di-kuh ih ka mung nyung khan-khan ken 'au-zaung loh chi le. La Yang-nyi dzong liang laung thiau au-le kuh zung-kwaung, Zi zah-zung z yeu tien nyi-sing ziang-sah zieu-z yi ok-li kuh siau >rnu-hwc.ts, tung tau jang-dau chi-tseu-seu iau chi zing yi yi i. kyung veh hyau-tuh yi tau tsa-li chi t!le,eu-seu la ih-tsah kok. lauh lj zing-zah yi sia kuh ih.fong-sing, yi kuh sing laung wo, zung-mong nong hau-sing seu lieu ngoo, ngoo' iung-ke iau pau wan nong, danz zauh-nyih ya li yeu iang-dau le kyung-hah nong yien tsu-nyung, zeh-dze z yeu tsho, lau iau jeu .nong so-mien, [65]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. yien-dze ngoo tah nong tse we,. Zah-zung nau ts di-fong sing chi kau-soo yi kuh bang-yeu, di kuh Yang-nyi kuh le.lih, thingkyi'en ts da-ka zen hyi-ji,eu-le Zah-zung ih tau ok-li zieu-mung Ya11g-nyi Lt k.li,,ok-li nyung wo,tsu-nyung tsheh mung kuh taung-nyih yi zieu veh khoen-kyien tse. Di kuh zieu kyau yeu ok pau, zen yeu zen pau, zah-zen veh pau z.zung veh tau yan. LESSON 53 LUNG BIEN BIH KYUIN-TS TAH TS SIAUNYUNG KUH FAUNG-FAH. Da-kan nyung la zoen-we.laung, tah nyung kyau-tsi waungiau-kyung kuh meh zieu-z iau yong z-ka kuh ngan-lih chi fung-bien bih-nyung kuh hau-lau cheu, thaung-zen di kub z kyuin-tsnyung, keh meh ngoo iau sing-thok yi lau tshing-jung yi, i ts khau-i tuh zah too-hoo hau-tshu. Zah-zen di kuh z siau nyung ngoo iau kwha.tien we-bi yi lau r-tshien tse iau keh ts tsong-nyung ih-dau chui-jok yi, zehke meh khaui mien-theh zka lau bih-nyung veh zeu yi kuhetshu tse. Iau bienbih nyung kuh hau-cheu, tsau ngoo kuh i-s yoqg [66 ]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. kyung-nyien kuh faung-fah z ting zieu z khoen yi bing-zang-nyib-kyah tsoo z-thi z nanung kuh. Ngoo yien-dze iau nau ng-yang ting kuh kaung-tshehle;(ih) Kyuints hwe-hyi nyung di-sing yi kuh koo-suh, lau ke-koo tseuseu veh we tuh maung-kyi kuh, siau-nyung hwe-hyi taung-mien tshung-tsan-yi, yeu ts koo-suh veh-danz veh khung ke wan iau yong fah.tsuh le tso-meh. (nyi) Kyuints zing-nyoen we ts tsong nyung lau hyi-sung yi z-ka ih-koents, siau-nyung thih.tsung siangfan, iau hyi-sung tsong-nyung le kong-kyih yi ih.>wen-ts. ( san) Kyuints lih-ding-ts ts-hyang, lau nau-ding-ts faungtsung, soe-zen sia veh ke-pien kuh, siau-nyung meh veh z zehke kuh, tangsoen ah-yeu-sa dong-dien tau seu lau zzang fan-fok ( s) Kyuin-ts meh pih ding tab kyuints tsoo bang-yeu, lau siau nyung pih-ding tah siau nyung gah-dau. (ng) Kyuin-ts ban kuh zthi z da.faung lau hwe-hyi sienpoo tsheh le peh tsonghyautuh, siau-nyung ban kuh z-thi tsong-z lau veh-tshing-veh saung kuh. LESSON 54 LUNG KYUI TSAUH KWA KUH Z THI. [67 ]

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    LESSONS IN THI: SHANGHAI DIALECT La dzung-li yeu ih-kuh sau 'auh daung li kuh kyau-yoen, tshing nyung thi yi tsoo menyung lau thau ts ih ban mo-vaung-li kuh tsu-nyung kuh noen tsoo nyang-ts, di we sien-sang we-ts siang-tau yi kuh nyang-nyang z dzong siau tsheh sung kuh, soo-i z dzong yi thau le tseu-seu, ih zuh veh hyui yi tau nga-deu chi, yi z-ka tau auh-daung li chi kau-su kuh zung. kwaung meh, nau yi soo la vaung-kan-li, zeh-ke nung yang-sub yeu kyi kuh nyoeh,eh le yi kuh nyang nyang wets mung-chi lau sang-bing si theh tse. Yi si kuh zung-kwaung yi kuh ngan tsing 'veh zung pi kuh, nanmeh yi kuh zang-foo thong-zung lau wo,,nong si tseuseu ngoo pih-'iau seu-tsih lau veh tse thautshing tse, nanmeh sinyung kuh ngantsing pi long le tse, dan-z yi si tseu-seu zang-tsaung tsauhkwa. Kah ts skuh nyoeh, yeu nyung thi di-we sien-sang le tsoo me-nyu'ng lau tau dzok-yien, zien-nyih z tsung-nyih, la singnyang-ts khan jau-mung kuh z-'eu, yi khoen-kyien yeu ih-doen huh kuh mehz nyau la yi kuh kyah laung,eu-le tau sing-vaun -li khoen kyien yeu too-hau kuh huh-doen kwung.le kwung-chi. Zauh nyih di kuh sing nyang-nyang fahoennyih lau sang li'e kuh mau-bing, yi kuh zang-foo nau ih-pe uyih-dzo peh yi hah iau wo, "ah-z tsh di langzing lau sang-bing kuh,,sing-nyang ts we-deu [68]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, .VO,z-kuh,,la di kuh zung-kwaung kyau-yoen seu li kuh ih-pe nvih-dzo lihkhuh tang-fan la zieu-ts-kwen li, lau ihtsah dzowe meh zieu fi tau sing-nyang-nyang kuh sung pien chi, ping-tshien singnyang-nyang ts-Iioenoo-dau wo,,nong tau tsung kuh tseken haunyiha, wo ba ts zieu si tse, LESSON 55 LUNG SDAU PIEN: TSHIEN. Ih nyien fung s-kyi, zieu z tshung,au, tsheu, tong, di kuh skyi kuh thienchi zen-z veh dong kuh,au-kyi pi tongkyi iau nyih kyi be, danz nau di kuh liangkyi kuh thienchi le pi kyau, veh khau-i wo di kyi hau lau yi-kyi.cheu, iung-we kauh. kyi kauh-yeu yi kuh hau-tslm. Kaung tau nyunga z ih.Ii kuh, nyien !au kuh veh iung-ke wo nyien-chung kuh veh jih yi la, pi-faung nau chi-lih le pikyau, tshing-nyiennyung z-zen sungkoo laudzung-nyung, tse tsing ih-zung, kaung tau ska-laung kuh kauhyang z-thi yih-zenzu-tsh. Yeu nyung wo koo-z-kan hau lau yiendze kuh sde vehhau, di kuh tau a veh-z ih ding kuh, pi faung yeu ih kuh dzetsu-nyung we ts tsoo sangi zehpung lau m. meh dong-dien' tse, dzangtsaung sang-bing, vehnung keu chuh [69]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. pau tsah-noen, dzu kuh di.faung meh zeh-fung poo-wa,a m-sa bang-yeu yi z-zen iau wo, zien-deu hau lau yien-dze veh-hau;tse yeu ih kuh nyung hweh-zen da.fah-dze chuh kuh yeu lau tsah kuh zeu, tsoo z-thi meh yang-yang zung.taung, i yeu nyung siangsing, pah-yang tshung-sing, di kuh nyung ih ding iau wo yien dze hau. Zeh ke khoen chi le z-s kuh hau-cheu z-zen z tsau nyung kuh di-we lau ding taung kuh, dan z da ke kuh lau nyien nyung veh z zeh ke siang, yi la tsong z tsau z-ka kuh i-s lau wo, zien-deu tah yien-dze z doo liang yang tse, yien-dze kuh z-de z veh jih zien-deu kuh hau, lau yang-yang zen then-pan tse,e di kuh seh-wo ziang-sah wo tuh thuh koo-vung. LESSON 56 LUNG S-DAU PIEN-TSHIEN-KUHAU-PEN DOEN. Pi faung yeu ih kuh hyau-zung kuh noen, yi kuh noen hyau tuh yi kuh ya soo hwe-hyi chuh kuh meh-z,>rnn ting-sing-sien, lau ting hau kuh tsong tah hau la, ziang la chuh van kuh zung-kwaung yi ting hwe-hyi chuh ng.thaung lau ben-sang-tshe, van'eu yi hwe-hyi chuh tien si.>{Wo-ts, zeh-ke-nung nyih-nyih z. tsh, lau nyiennyien tsau-zang, dan z tau yi nyien lau kuh zung. [70]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, kwaung, yi dzang-tsaung kuh thaung veh-jih i-zien kuh ts-mi, lau si-kwo-ts a veh jih kuh nyoen, z-s kepien tse meh-z 'a la ke-pien.,Zeh-ke kuh seh-wo chi-veh-z yi wo tsho tse, di kuh ng-thaung kuh ts-mi, ji-zeh z tah zien-
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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. bung kuh zen kok-zah yong tuh man tshung sing, dze kuh nyung siang-fan tse, hwehyi yong ling-long kuh chi-jui mehz ling-long, ka-dien zzen iungkfl> kyui-tien.,Doo-nyi-ts wo na wo kuh sehwo thihtsung z ngoo soo iau wo kuhdi we launyiennyung thingkyien ts di.tsong mmeh tshuimi kuh bienlung, yi wo,,na nyienkyi chung lau veh tong zthi vehpih too kaung-tsang, yi zieu chi kwhung tse. LESSON 57 LUNG DOOSAUYA LA TONG-YANGTSHO. Ziennyih .zaung.oo zeh tien too tsong yeu ih kuh ji-nyui kyau Siautshoenhwo, zoo ts pautsho dzong ok.Ii tsheh le tau Siausodoo chi, tseu tau penloolaung yi kuh tsho.foo hwehzen zeu ts sunyih lau yuintau tse, Siautshoenhwo iung we ts siang. tau yi kuh tsliofoo z ih kuh khoonau kuh nyung, zieu fah e. lien-sing kyau yi the-ts khong-tshots tsen chi ba, yi zka meh ling nga kyau ts ih boo waungpautsho, lau dzau si chi tse. Bangtuhtsung-chau, y1 kyau la kuh ih boo waung-pautsho kuh tshofoo zieuz dzongzien tau yi di-faung chi behsiang kuh ih kuh la kyi nyien ziendeu yi z ih kuh dze.tsunyung, [72]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, vi kuh tshah-'au kyau ts yi biau-too-chuh-tsah, soo i yi long tub zien-dze ung-kong ih kah waung-pautsho-foo ts yi kuh mien-.J4'-,g i-kyung doo ke i Siau. tshoenhwo veh nyung.tuh yi, yi tau nyung.tuh Siau-tshoen-hwoo kuh, tung Siau-tshoen-hwo ih zaung ts tsho-ts yi zieu kyau yi kuh siau-ming'Sannyi.ts, nong ah-z zung-jeu dzu la lau-di faung 'a,,ih-deu-tseu ih-deu-kaung.tsheh yi-la kyi-nyien zien-deu kuh z.thi] e, nan-meh Siau-tshoen-hwo nyau-tuh zieu z yi kub zien deu kuh doo-sau-ya, we jong tuh zehke lau la tong-yang-tsho tse, yi hah veh iau zoo yi kuh tsho-ts, zing nyoen foo ts tsho-dien lau zoo. bih-boo tshots danz tsho-foo veh khung, ih ding iau la tau kaung ding kuh di-faung, m-meh fah tsuh, Siautshoen-hwo tsuh hau ih loo da fan, zeh-ke tshau ts pen-nyih yung ts ih ka kuh khoen-khah,eu le meh yeu ih kuh zing-boo le tse, lau kyau tsho-foo nau ts dong-dien kwha-hen tseu. LESSON 58 LUNG BANG-YEU KUH' SING ZEH. Koo-z-kan yeu il;lkuh Hyi-la-kok kuh waung, yi kuh sing [73]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, zing z ting bau-nyah, lau long-sah nyung kuh sing-ming z soen r-hyi-kuh z-thi, yeu ih nyih yi ding-taung iau nau yi-kuh-meu. meu zung-ts le sah theh, di kuh zung-ts z-ka hyau-tuh yi m. sa tsho-tshu, pih-koo we-ts waung-ti hwenhyi sah nyung lau iau nau yi le Yi siang-le siang.chi tsong theh veh tsheh di kuh khoo-nau kuh z-thi, nan-meh zieu tau waung mien-zien chi te waung wo,,ngoo z man zing nyoen thing nong kuh seh-wo lau si, pih-koo iau jeu nong waung e-lien ngoo lau faung ngoo tsenchi kyi-nyih, nyang ngoo chi we deu ih-sang ngoo kuh ya. nyang lau nyang-ts lau siau-noen, zeh-ke-meh ngoo si-ts vehung t tse. Dan-z waung veh tah-iung, yi-kuh z-'eu di kuh zung-ts yeu ih-kuh bang-yeu la pien-deu, thing-kyien ts zehfung nan-koo, iau siang kyeu yi i hyau-tuh di kuh waung-ti z nan long kuh, 'eu-le-meh siang tsheh ih-kuh nyan-deu-le tau waung mien-zien chi WO,,ngoo tah-ts meu-meu zung-ts z ts-kyi bangyeu, ngoonyi kuh zingvung sung koo ts kweh-nyok, yien-dze yi iau chi dzu bib yi-kuh ok-li-nyung ]au nong waung veh iung-hyui, we-ts pho yi chi ts veh tsen-le, lau-m-meh nyung de-thi yi si tse, yien-dze ngoo zing-nyoen de-thi yi tsoo ahdeu, thaung.zen yi dau-tseu meh, waung zieu khau-i sah ngoo,nan-meh waung zieu iunghyui tse. 'Eu-seu tau ts ding-taung kuh nyih-ji di kuh zung. [74]

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    LESSONS IN THE' SHANGHAI DIALECT, ts veh tsen-le, waung meh zieu tsheh-paung-lau sien-poo si-yung, di-we bang-yeu tau. sah-dzang laung chi-kuh zung-kwaung, mienvoo-ke-suh, iung-we yi siang tau yi kuh bang-yeu bing-zang-nyihkyah kuh seh-wo lauang-we z fi van kuh dzung-zeh, lau tsong veh kyien tub we seh yah kuh, kyung.tsau veh le ih-ding yeu bib kuh yoen-koo. Yi kuh z-'eu le khoen kuh nyung z lung-tshien lung-man, m-meh ih kuh nyung s-ti-'au veh wo di kuh zungts m-meh c;ing-zeh lau waung m-meh zung-e, lau yui ka e.Ii yi kuh bang-yeu m-meh zoen-nyih lau zeu-si. Thih-tsung la zeh-ke lauh-loen kuh z-'eu, yi kuh bang-yeu hyuh-ze tau tse kyih !au wo,E ngoo tsho veh too iau nau ngoo kuh bang-yeue sah tse, ngoo soo-i an tau kuh yoen-koo, z we-ts loo veh bing lau bang-zah ts jang-dau yien-dze wan-soen-hau lau le tuh-j i soe-zen si kha-weh kuh, veh zen meh ngoo na-nung yeu mien-khong le kyien ngoo kuh hau-bang-yeu 'a,-wo we ts di kuh seh-wo zieu tshong-tshong yong-yong tau waung kuh di. faung chi tshing-si, waung thing kyien ts yi kuh seh-wo zieu peh Yi kyih-dong, lau yeu au-hwe kuh yang-sub lau zieu nyau faung y1 tse. [75]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. LESSON 59 LUNG IH-KUH TSONG-KOK-NYUNG SIANG TSOO CHI-TSHO-FOO. Ngoo kuh chi-tshofoo yeu ih kuh nyienchung kuh bangyeu, yi kuh ming-deu kyau Zauah-kungA iau siangauh tsoo chi-tsho-foo, iung-we yi thing-kyien nyung wo, tsoo di kuhaung. nyih z juh yong-yi kuh, pih koo iau nungkyeu long tshingsaung liang-yang dah kuh kyi-kwan meh zieu khau-i zoo la tsho-ts-li khetsho khetsho kuh zung-kwaung ih tien veh sing-khoo lau sehi tuh juh kuh, 'auhthien meh i fong-liang tong-thien meh i noennyih, vehdan zeh-ke rtshien kong-dien pi bihyang kuh tsho foo le tuh doo. Soo-i yi menyih tau ngoo kuh tsho-foo di faung le vong-zung yi, lau iau tshing yi>rnukau,A iung-hyui yi deu laung kyi kuh nyoeh kong-dit1n kuh ihpen iau zeulau yi, keh.lau ngoo kuh tsho-foo zieu siang fah-tsuh chi kau yi tse. Hyih ts veh-too kyi nyih Ah-kung z i we wetuh khe.tsho-tse, sooi veh iau bih-nyung siang-paung yi, yeu ih nyih yi dokkoen ts chi khe-tsho, we ts khe tuh koo-vung kwha, i we ts yi kuh ngankwaung veh zeh kuh, zieu chi zaung la zu laung lau we tsen le lien nyung tshong tau 00 tah ts kyichi [76]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. -Fh,t -Etln LESSON 60 LUNG TSHAH Dl-ZAUNG-HYANG Tsau ts Tsong-kok kuh fong-zok, me-nyien tshih-nyoeh sanseh-nyih yi la soen-we z di-zaung-waung-boo-sah kuh sang-nyih, la di-ya-laung zen iai,i nau hyang lau lah,{sok tien-yaung-ts le tshah la di-laung, lali yi tsoo meh khau-i tuh-zah boo-sa kuh pau-yeu lau tsok-fok.' Kyung-nyien tshih-nyoeh-san-sehnyih ngoo la Dzau-hyung beh-siang, yi-deu kuh kwe-kyui veh tshah di-zaung-hyang lau tien di-zaung. tung Zaung-he kuh iau hau-khoen-tuh too, la jung-kaung kuh di.faung, nyui-nyung lau siau-noen zen yong li-khok tsaung ts tung lau chi thung la kaung li, s-meh-lok, tung-meh-'ong, yoen maung ts hau ziang thien laung kuh mingsing yan. Di kuh ih ya laung ting hau khoen kuh meh, iau soen kuhoo-tung-we, da-yah yeu ih.tshientsan kuh ng-seh-tung, ih-zung ih-zung deh-chi-le tsoo ts tung-thah kuh [77]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. yungzaung, yong zen le tse ts tung lau faung la oo kuh tsong lieu, tsheh le khoen kuh noen-noen nyui-nyui zeh-dze veh sau, thih-tsung la kau-hyung lau nau-nyih kuh zung-kwaung, yeu ih tsah ne-'oo kuh siauhoo-lung ang koo lau kyih-chi laung-deu le nau di tsah siau-zen tshong fan ts, lau tung zen lauh la s li, chui tuh yau zeri kuh nyung z seh s-sing kuh soo-i lau nyung veb zung dzung sa kuh,eu le khcenkhah zieu san tse. LESSON 61 LUNG WE-SUNG TAH Z-YOH YEU KWAN-YI. Mefnyien tshi.eu-thien kuh zung-kwaung, tse yong-yi fah-sang ih-fah sang meh zieu iau dzen zen khe le lau z we-hyien tuh-juh. 1 Kehmeh tau-ti ah yeu sa fah tsuh khau-i bi-thuh va? Yeu kuh, zieu z iau 'ang we-sung. /Van-yi yob-bing kuh chi-deu, da-pen z dzong ts-li tsing-chi kuh, soo-i chub kuh meh-z iau zeh-nyi-fung taung-sing, ziang mung-ts lau tshaung-iung ting kuh meh-z,ok-z yong veh koon,zing kuh le sau kuh zeh-veh, zen veh khau-i chun, chub ts zieu iau tsheh mau-bing. Thaung-zen vaung-ts-li hwe-dzung te-me, lau-zong wang-yung, mung tshaung veh khong-chi vel.i thong, zeh-ke yang [78]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. suh veh-too-kyi-z z.zen-r-zen zih-bing iau le tse. we-ts di kuh yoen-koo, hah kph 1h-ding iau kwung theu 'ok-z lih-koo, meh khau-i bah, chub kuh siau-tshen ih-ding iau long-koen-zing ts sau, nan-meh khau-i chub, r-tshien meh i iau ;ma singsien kuh, veh chub hwung-sing tau veh ngan-sa kuh.1 Taung-tsli seu-tsauh tshing-saung, z-z thong-fong lau nyih-nyih sa tsheu-yah-s, veh clan zeh-ke wan iau jung.jien zing-yob. Pi. faung ih-ka ok-li yeu nyung sang ts z-yoh-bing, keh-meh iung ke kwha-tien song tau i-ycen-li chi khoen, khcen tuh hau z yuinchi kuh, zah-zen khoen veh hau lau si tse, keh-meh iung--ke zieu ma-tsaung-thuh, mien ts di tsong yob-chi koo-khe le. Ting veh hau meh yeu kuh _nyung ka veh zing-nyoen fung-dzu, i-ts haunyunga peh sang bing kuh nyung le-jih, zung-ts-yui si ts ih. ka-mung, di kuh zeh-dze z khau-sih' kuh z-thi. Pi-faung yeu kuh nyung veh siang-sing tau i-yoen-li chi, keh-meh iung-ke yui-be tien baungy(')h kuh yah-phing, ziang bah-lan-di-tsieu-'a, zeh-tienyah-s-'a ah-s-puh-ling-phien, sia-yeu lau oeh-tsheh zieu khau-i chuh. Zahzen ling-so ok z khoo-nau kuh nyung sang-bing meh 'a khaui fung song pak yi-la, Zeh-ke tsoo-fah veh dan-z ih-ka-mung kuh bing-oen, ih-hyang, ih-tshunga nung-keu tha-bing vooz. [79]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. LESSON 62 LUNG TSAUHNG KUH HAU-FAH-TSUH. La Na-we yiervfie pien ih ta kuh pah-sing-, tsoo tsauh-ng sc1;ng i kuh z ting yi la tsauh-ng z zeh-fung zok-seu; jung. le yi la yong ih-tsong sing fah ming kuh ka-sang tsauh-chi ng l.e z kung-ka kwha lau too, lau veh hah-fi zung.kwaung. Yi kuh fah-tsuh zieu-z yong ih tsah la 'ah-ts li tsaung ts ih tsah zen-sung-kyi,rsoo-hau ts chi hwan la s li, yi kuh zcen-sungkyi kuh dien-sien dzongah-ts li tsheh-le vok lau la tsauh-ng zen li kuh dien-wokyi laung, zah-zen zen laung kuh nyung nau dien-wo-kyi laung kuh thing-dong le thing, kehrr]eh khau-i tshing. tshing saung-saung thing-kyien zen s.tseu-we kuh s-zok la yeu le-yeu-chi lau 'a khau-i fung tshing-saung yeu ng la maungli nyi wan-z veh y()u ng la maung li, r.tshien wan khau-i fung bih tshing-saung ng kun doo-siau iung-we ng doo meh sung-iunga doo, ng siau meh sung-iunga yeu-chi-le yeu sung-iung z we ts yi kuh tsh-paung kyih s lau sang-tsheh le kuh. [So]

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    L:i.SSONS IN THE SHAHQH.U DIAL:iCT, LESSON 6 3 LUNG IH KUH IOENWAUNG-SI KUH NYUI-NYUNG. Yeu ih nyihoo-'eu ngoo kyungkoo Sing-zah-loo Singkhaungli kuh ih kuh zahkhoomung, dan khoen-kyien mung-zien ding ib-kheu kwen-zen, lau li-hyang kuh khok-sung z kyung.thiendong-di,eu-le ngoo tang-thing tsheh le z si ts ih kuh nyui. JC nyung, !au yi si tub zeh.fung ioenwaung. La yi chi-bing kuh zung-kwaung, yi kuh ok.linyung, zieu tau bah-ts di-faung chipok.>,hoo, kyui-wo z tshong-van ts taung. faung-thoo-di, lau iau faung y1enkheu tsoo-dau-zang, nan meh khan khan khaui pau yeu yi. Koo ts kyi nyih bing kungka Iie tse, la di kuh zung-kwaung wan veh tab yi tshing laungtsong lau chuhyah, fanr tau dzung-waung-mieu-li jeu-sien-faung soo.i bing-tsung yoeh fah veh te tse, nan meh khan-khan hyautub bah-ts kuh seh-wo veh tsung, lau dzung-waungmiau li kuh sienfaung veh-ling. Nan-meh lienmaung siang-zah chi tshingi. sung, khau-sihmok.i-zung-tseu,,z.eu i-kyung le veh ji tse, la i-sung veh-zung tau kuh zien-deu, di kuh nyui-nyung i-kyung liang-kyah ih.thing )au c;i tsean, di kuh chi-vehz ioen-waung. si va? Tsau tien chi tshing ts i-sung lau veh tsoo hyui-ka kuh z [81]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, tbi meh, veh tshau ts yui tau di kuh di-boo tse. LESSON 64 LUNG IHTSAUNG HAU-SIAD KUH Z-THI. ih ban Yeu-li-nyoen fahdze-phiautien, jung.le we ts iau tsau-le khah-nyung lj:uh yoen-koo, zieu kyau ts daung-ming lau nyib-ya kuh nyung z gah veh -khe, zauh nyih ya-kwha ngooa chi khoen-khoen, veh too ih hyih yeu ih kuh i kwen toen-tsnng kuh tsong-nyiennyung, seu li ling ts ih tshen doo-zah-ha,a gah tsing chi, lih ding ts kyah lau Thih tsung la thing tuh chikyung kuh zung-kwaurfg,a li hyau tuh yi seu-li-hyang kuh bang ha i-kyung nau lih-la kah-pih kuh ih we siau-tsia kuh i-zaung jien-zu tse, iien kuh zung-kwaung di-we siau-tsia ih ngan velt kauh zah, tung le zientsensung-le, iau tsen chi lau tseu kuh khan-khan hyau-tuh yi kuh doo-kyung pelt ha jien lau tse, tung-z yi kuh mien-khong fahong !au kyau yi we sien-sangnau ha oethuh. dan z di tsah ha voeh oe voeh iien tuh kyung, yi pan khoenkhah khoen-kyien ts daka zen phahseu !au hau-siau,e tuh yi la liang kuh nyung kyuinsah. [82]

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    LESSONS TN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. 'Eu seu di we noen-sien-sangung-chi-le nau ha.iien wan-deu ts lau theh Ii kuh, yi we siau-tsia veh hau i-s lien-maung zieu tseu khe tse, yi tsah doen 'au le kuh ha-kyah meh zung-jeu jien lau la yi kuh i-kyung laung, baung-pien yeu ih kuh seh siau wo kuh nyung wo, yien-dze Zaung-he nyui.ts kuh tsaung-seh z kauhji-kauh-suh, tseh-pho doo-kyung laung jien ts ha.jiena z ih tsong z-mau kuh tang-pan yan. LESSON 65 LUNG IH KUH LAU-KONG KU HA UH-SANG-TS, Zauh nyih lau-t:=;hing.tsau khoen-kyien ih kuh hyang-au-siaunoen,eu li nau ts ih.tsah tsoklan yien ka lau ban "ma zi-tshen ngoo mung yisa-ka-dien,,yi wo "nyan-dien-ih-liangngoo khoen yi Ian Ii kuh tshen veh-too-kyi-liang, ngoo mung yi iau ma kyi-dien, wo tshen veh too tse da-iah zeh-kyi.liang, zah-z nong iau soen ts nyi-pehdien bangoo yien-pi-yi ka-dienkyui lau veh-sing-tsong iau ma,eu le yi i wo '' ngoo we ts iau tau auh-daung li chi, mmeh kong-foo tah nong lung too-sau, soen ts zehpeh kuh dong-kauh-ts ba,. Ngoo thing-kyien ts di kuh seh-wo byi-ji lau mung yi ok li kuh kyung-hwaung, yi wo [83]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. ng1JO kuh ok li z jong le si kuh, ngoo kuh ya z tsong sootshen kuh, lau ngoo kuh nyang meh z faun~so lau tsuhpoo kuh, yien dze za-mi-yeu-yien kyui, i ka ts di-me meh too, ngoo kuh ya. nvang soe-zen jung.iien, zenr dzan tsing le kuh dong:-dien tsong veh keu khe-siau, tse ka ts ngoo iau tau chi ma ts, pih, lau sa 'a vehsau, soo-i ngoo vehtuh ve)lsiang.fah-tsuh le dzan ih ngan dong-dien le thihpoo thihpoo, thaung-zen ngoo dok ts su lau ih ngan veh tsoo sa, keh meh ok Ii kung)ta iau jong tse, lau ya-nyang kuh tan-ts kung ka iau zong ts di kuh yoenkoo ngoo menyih faung ya 'auh tsen le yeu kuh zungkwaung meh thiau ts s chi kyau tshen, yeu kuh zung-kwaung meh keh ts tshau chi iui yang, chuh ba ts ya-van meh wung-wung-su, tsau zung deu thi ya thiau tshen tau chi, di kuh Ian li kuh zi-tshen zieu z zauh-nyih faung-ya'auheu-seu tab ts di-di lau me-me ih dau chi joeh la kuh, di liang nyih zi.tshen z ngoo hyau-tuh kadien ih-ding z kyui kuh, soo-i ngoo iau chi joeh le ma, ngoo i-kyung mazah-ts spah-dien tse, yien-dze lan li kuh tshen veh too, iung-we zungkwaung i-kyung' pah-tientsong ngoo ihding iau tau auh-daung.Ii-chi, ah nong tsau-iung lau ts chi ba," taung-z ngoo khoen di kuh siau. [84]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, noen yeu ts-chi !au zieu i-ts yi kuh ka-dien lau ma ts yi kuh tshen, LESSON 66 LUNG TSONGKOK NYUNG TAH TS ME-KOK NYUNG KUH. PI-KYAU. Jung le ngoo yeu ih kuh tsu-kyi bangyeu, zong Me-kok sia ihfong-sing peh ngoo lau, kau-soo ngoo Me-kok nyung t;i.h-ts Tsong-kok nyung kuh bi-chi lau zih-kwan, z doodooli veh dong kuh,I ngoo yien-dze iau fan kyi-doen tsheh le peh na dok. Di.ih-doen z zung-zeh, Tsongkok yeu ih kyui lau-wo,yi wo sehwo veh-pih yeu sing-zeh, tsoo z.thi veh-pih yeu kyoeh. toen,,clan z di kuh seh-wo pih koo la bangchau kuh z-thi laung khau i zeh-ke tsoo-fah, khau-sih yein-dze kuh nyung longtsho lau zih-kwan tse, pien ts seh-wo ih ngan m-meh z. thi ih ngan mmeh kyoehtoen. Me-kok nyung ting khoenzong kuh z singyong, yi so9. wo kuh z-thi pihding iau tsoo tub tau, veh khung zeh-yienj zah-zen tsoo faeh tau kuh z-thi meh zieu veh tah nyung-ka yui-sien iahding, I soe-zen tau m-meh nyung khoensoen la kuh tien-li chi mameh-z, di ma mehz kuh [85]

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    IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. nyung dzoni;; le veh zung yeu nau ts tong-si chi veh foo dong
    PAGE 95

    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. LESSON 67 LUNG TSONG-KOK NYUNG TAH TS ME-KOK NYUNG KUH PI-KYAUAUPENDOEN. Tsongkok nyung soen m-m~h z-thi tsoo z tgungkwen, thi nyungka tsoo zthi z ti-vi kuh; Me-kok nyung veh z zeh-ke soe. zen ke ts nyisanman ka-taung kuh nyungka, nyang-lau noen wan la tah nyungka da izaung, ya lau nyi-ts wan h tah ka tsoo zeh-tsha, di tsong z soen bing dzang kuh zthl zien ziang yi-pan 'auhsangts la khe'auh kuh z-'eu, de-thi nyung. ka seu-tsauh,ok-z chi vong-zung nyungka chuhvan, tau ts hyih 'au kuh zungkwaung II)eh chi lien-zih,okz chi tsoo-kong, yi la 'a veh soen we ti-vi{ iungwe yi la khoen nung-keu tsoo zthi !au Z.lib, pi-ts chi khauthauh bih-nyung wan iau zung-zong. Wan yeu ziang kaung tau koenzing Tsong-kok nyung soezen 'a tshuz0ng yung-suh laung khoenchile z juh-ji hweh-liah kuh; zehke meh tsing-zung zien peh yungsuh le juh tse. Ngoo la Mekok di-faung veh da khcenkyien nyung tsah auhtshok !au phoo-lan kuh i-zaung, zieu z ziang yi pan tsookong kuh nyung, yi la la tsookong kuh zungkwaung meh nga-tsaui-zaung veh koenzing, ih tung tau tsoowen ts kong, yi [87 ]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. la zieu chi wen ts koen-zing i-zaung,~ wan yeu tau ts li-pa.nyih nyung-nyung zen wen ts yeu kuh meh tau Ii-padaung li chi yeu kuh meh chi maung-maung tshing-kyoen, lau bang-yeu,a yeu kuh meh chi beh-siang z Tsong; kok nyung meh tsuh pih-koo la tah ts chi c}rnh hyi.tsieu kuh nyih-kyah meh khung tsah sing-i.zaung, la bing zang kuh z'eu da ke tsah auh.tshok kuh too, pih yien-dze kuh zung-kwaung i-kyung khe-thong tub tco tse, kaungkyeu we-sung kuh nyunga veh sau. Me-kok nyung kuh sungthi dzang-doo lau kyi-nyok jien-tsaung, hyok-chia tshongtsok, tah ts Tsong-kok nyung pi-chi-le, thih-tsung z siang-fan, di kuh z we sa yoenkoo nyi, iung-we Tsong-kok nyung; veh thi. tshau lau veh yuindong yan, yien-dze sing fahauh-daung-li soe-zen yeu thi.tshau kuh ih-khoo, zen-r nyung. li-khe ts 'auh. daung meh,1 nan-pan yeu nyung chi kaung-kyeu yuin-dong liang kuh z tse, 'ngoo saing la zeh-nyien 'euseu la yuin-dong kuh ihboo laung tsong-we fah-dah tien tse. I-zaun, soo lung kuh kyi. doen zan-z Me-kok nyung sung-koo Tsong-kok yeu ih tsaung li-hwung / kuh zthia z Me-kok nyung sung-koo ts Tsong-kok nyung, ngoo juh pomaung Tsong-kok nyung veh iau chi auh zeh ke kuh z.loo z-thi. [88]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. LESSON 68 :A iilffl LUNG CHIEN VAUNG-DIEN KUH KYIH ]OK. Ziennyih-ts tau Po>cstshenloobongfloo tsenkauh-laung kuh ihban yah-vaun~li chi seu v,itung-dien. Di-ban yahvaung z ih-kuh Ngookoknyung khe kuh, i kuh mungmien tsaung-seh le zehfung zi11-ng-yang, Ngoo chi kuh ih-nyih thihtsung !au-pan veh !eh la,' hoo kyi ngang sang.lihchi tau woo-song chi tse.,Ngoo wo,,Di kuh yui ngoo peh-zeh, ngoo tseh hyautuh le hyang )
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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT thing khan-khan hyau-iuh di kuh Ngockok-nyung z ih kuh wah deu, phien nyung-ka kyau-kwan hoo-seh, lau iau siang ya-li yui. be theui:en-dzan1;, Ngoo hyau-tuh ts di kuh sing-sih, lienmaung tau kong-daung. laung chi ling ts liang-tsang fong-bi, lien-ya nau di-ban yah vaung fong-chi-le, ping-tshien la doo-mung kuh ts-diau laung sia ming-bah la u wo,m-nyung khau-i siennau i kuh li kuh meh z, pih-ding sien iau kheu-thuh liang kuh nyoeh lmh vaungdien., Kah liang-li-pa vong ts Kong-daugn-laung kuh yui-tan, lau kyau Loo-ismo chi phahma-thuh kuh, zeh-ke tsongsce chuhchui yeuyien kyi-liang LESSON 69 LUNG ZO. Zo z dong-veh taung.tsong ting kyau-wah'kuh, i kuh tsong-le z peh ih, pih koo yeu ih tsong hwe-seh kuh zo z ting dok, veh lung 'a li ih tsong zo yi kuh liang tsah nga-tsh tsong kwe z dok kuh, te yui nyung tsong z yeu sung voo ih kuh, soo i nga kok Ryung ih khojtnkyien zieu iau sehfah tang sah i, mien theh ie dan z ih pan mising kuh Tsong-kok nyung veh khung [go]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, chi long san lau fanr iau lau hwan-mi, thong-zung lau jeu yi chi. Hwan-rni rneh zieu z di kuh i-s, we ts khoen-kyien ts zo tsong-kwe veh seh-deu kuh, hwan ts mi, yi kuh neh-seh-deu khau-i peh i ta chi tse, tYen-hyang meh zieu z jeu i veh iau tse le, la phoodoosan laung zo z ting too, ngoo la zien-nyien kuh 'au-thien bi-su la i-kwhe kuh zung-kwaung ngoo khoen-kyien ts ta-diau doo-zo ikwhe kuh veh clan z veh khung tangsah yi la, wan iau thi i nyankyung lau kyung i zeh-ke nung kuh z.thi chi veh z hyi-ji va? Yeu ih nyih ngoo tseu koo ih ka nyung. ka, khoen-kyien yeu too-hwo nyung tsi la yi kuh mungkheu-d,m, ngoo 'a gah-tsing chi tsang-ih-tsang, khoen-kyien yeu ih diau si la kuh zo, wan yeu liang kuh nyung la siang-mo, zieu z moo-ts liang kuh we ts nyi.ts z yeu kyien-suh kuh nyung, nau i-diau zo le tang. sah tse, dan z yi kuh nyang z sau-kyien-too-kwa kuh nyung, yi wo di-diau z ka-zo yan, veh khau-i long sah kuh, yien-dze di diau zo i-kyung tang-sah tse, nyi kuh ok-li ih-ding iau tau-me tse, we ts di kuh yoenkoo lau da-ka veh kha-weh tse. LESSON 70 LUNG NGAN-SO KUH YUI-BAUNG KUH FAHTS [91]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALCET, So-ngan i kyau khoo-lih-singongngantsing, ngakok mingz kyautra.choma,. I kuh ih-lih ih-lih:kuh meh-z sang la ngan jeu tsih-tshok kuh di-faung, i kuh yung-zaung ziang ng.ts, i kuh ngan-seh z danwaung kuh, di.tsong ngan-zih ting yong-i koonyung, lau ting van-nan, i-dz. Da-ke dzenzen khe le kuh me. ky.a-veh, iau soen kong-gong kuh sen-kyung ting we dzen. Khan khan khoo-lih kuh zung-kwaung, veh da kauh.Z3.h kuh, tau ih liang kuh nyoeh 'euseu, nyih.li khoen yoen kuh mehz we tuh dziendzien-nung khoen veh tshingi saung. Ya-li khoen-su chi-deu tah bing-dzang m-sa liang-yang, da.iak ih-kuh tsong-deu 'eu-seu, kauh-zah ngan Jeu laung yeu ih-zung boki, )au khoen z, tsih meh zieu 'oo-doo lau van-nan fung ming-bah. Zehke-nung ih-nyih, ih-nyih>{boo-lib yoehlong yoeh-too, ng.tshah nga-deu kuh mehz i-kyung van-nan khoen tuh tshing-saung, yoen kuh meh-z kung-ka vehpih dan tse. I kuh kyih-koo, chung meh pien 'ongngan-bi, dzong meh pien zehke kaungchi-le ngan so z ih.tsong Ii.e kuh zih-bing, ngoo-nyi veh.tub vehyui-sien baung-be. Yien-dze iau nau yuibaung kuh fah-fsuh kaung-liang. kvui. Dzoe-biensa-nyung tau dzo-kwen, tsieu-tien, wung-daung, yeu-hyidzang lau sa, kong-gong kuh seu-kyung tshih-kyi tshih. [92]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, kyi iau jui-zih lau veh kha. Zc1h-zen tsungtsung ba-veh tuh kuh Z.eu kehmeh tsuh hau nyi-nyi-ts, tsong-veh khau-i bang-zah ngan tsing. Tse yeu la fah doofong hweso fi-yang kuh zung-kwaung iung-ke bi.thuh lau veh iau s hwe-dzung tsing nganbi, iungwe hwe-dzung.li yeu kuh zungkwaung;a yeu visungzong. Zahzen tsing la ngantsing-li thuh dzang-kyeu,a we.tuh pien-dzung-kong so-ngan kuh. Zah-zen yeu nyung i-kyung fah-sang so-ngan iung. ke kwhatien tau i-ycen-li chi i. Zah-zen wan veh zung sang so-ngan, keh-meh me peh-nyien iung ke tau i-sung di-faung chi peh yi dzo-dzo-khoen. LESSON 71 LUNG TAU PHOO-DOO-SAN CHI BI-SU Kyungnyien kuh thienchi z zehfung kuh nyih, zeh-ke nyih fah tsung-tsung nan-pan yeu kuh, we t,; di kuh yoenkoo, ngoo tah ts kyi kuh tsu-kyi bang-yeu, tau Phoodoo-san chi bi-su. Nyi tshung ts Nyung-zau-kon.g-s hoo-lung-zen, la auh-pen-nyih ng-tien. tsong khe zen, tau ming-tsau zaung-pen-nyih zeh-tien-too tsong zieu tau Phoodoo-tse. Nyi /tau ts yi-deu zieu yeu kyi -:i;aung le tsih nyi, we ts nyi 1 tsaui sia-sing chi thong-ts koo kuh, [93]

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    LESSONS IN DIALECT. nyi zieu zoo-ts dung-jau, tau miau-li i-kyung yeu zeh-ih-tien too tsong, su-zi su-zi nan meh zieu chuh tsong-van. 1-kwhe thienchi pih-koo tau nyihtsong nyih-tien, di.faung soezen man sehi pih-kco yeu sanyang z-thi ngoo veh-hwehyi, ihmeh, we ts mmeh hwung chuh kuh, yung-chui nyi ta ts tien Tha-fong-kong, s kuh kwen-deu-zeh-veh chi chuhchuh, nyi-meh, veh hyau-tuh na nung kyung-nyien mung.ts too le, doo tuh tshaung-iung. tsung-tsung nantan-taung, san dzang-tsaung iau tshehyien ngoo kyien ts di kuh tong-si ting-ji, nyi la i-deu ih-gong dz ts san-kuh-li-pa laueu le tsen le tse. LESSON 72 LUNG NYUNG KUH NGA-TSH. Nga-tsh z ih-kwhe kweh-tsuh, nga-mien yeu ih-zung dz pau koo hau la kub. Nga-dz z ih-tsong zehtsuh-thi, z zien-sung ting-ngang kuh ih-boo-vung, i kuh yung-zaung faung-feh ziang dauchi nga-mien kuh dz-yeu. Pi.faung nau juh-nyih kuh kwung. s tau la dz-chi kuh i kuh piau-mien kuh dz. tsuh pihding yong-yi se.lih, zah-zen ngoo-nyi-r..yung hwen-hyi chuh thaung kuh zehveh, okz ziakJuh-ngang kuh meh-z, keh-meh nga [94]

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    LESSONS IN THJ: SHANGHAI DIALECT dza iau zeu-saurig. Nga-dz kuh li mien z n5a.tsh kuh kwehtsuh, ngak\veh kuh ne-boo yeu too-kwo si-vi kuh vung--loo, lau vung-loo-lioen yeu siau-hyoeh-kwen lau nau-chi-kyung, soo-i yeu kuh zung-kwaung, chi tsh dzaung nga-tsh, zieu kauh-zah thong lau yeu hyoeh lieu-tsheh-le. Di kuh nga-kweh veh ziang nga-dz nung kyien-koo, zah-zen khauh-thuh ts nga-dz ne-boo ih-ding vehnung-keu dzang-kyeu. Zah-zen ngoo-nyi kuh seu-tsih-deu zeu-saung, keh-meh tsihkhah pih-ding iau lauh-thuh, dan-z tsih-khah lauh-t,huh tseu-seu, tse we-la nyoen-tsh sang-tsheh sing-tsih-khah le.' Kaung-tau nga. tsh veh z zeh-ke-kuh, ih-s pih-koo tsheh nga.tsh liang-tsh, di.ih-tsh zieu z ngoo-nyi la tsoo kuh zung-kwaung, lok-kuh-nyoeh lau pah-kuh-nyoeh kuh taung-tsoijg, soo tsheh kuh nga.tsh kyau na-nga, man-man-nung ih-tsah ih-tsah sang tsheh le, liang-soen too-tien tsheh-zi, ih-gong yeu nyan-tsah. La siau-noen tshih pah s::;en kuh z-'eu, na-nga iau man-man-kyau lauh-thuh !au tse tsheh sing kuh nga-tsh, di kuh nga.tsh sang-ts-tsheh-le veh we tse, tsheh-zi meh ih-gong yeu sanzeh-nyi-tsah. Tau siau-noen zeh nyi san soen kuh zung-kwaung khau-i tsheh nyan-pah-tsah, wan yeu stsah kyau tshong-mingnga-tsh,iau tau nyien-kyi doo-tien lau tsheh, da iak la nyaK [ 95 ]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. soen kuheu-seu. Zien-mien kuh nga.tsh z bok !au kwha phe-yui ngau lau tshih kuh yong-zang,eu-mien kuh nga-tsh kyau ben-nga z kwheh lau doo kuh, phe-yui ziak lau moo-se kuh yong-zang. LESSON No.'.'~; ... LUNG TIAU-TSAUNG KUH HAU-FAH-TSUH. Zien-li-pa-lok ya.Ii, ngoo kuh kyih-pa hyong-di Ngauh-ling, tah ts yi kuh foo-nyung, dzong iung-hyi-kwen Ii, khoen ts iung. hyi tsen le i kuh z-'eu, i-kyung tsiang.jung liang-tien tsong tse. Ngauh-ling we ts nyih li ban ts ih-nyih kuh kong-z, chuh ts ya. i la iung-hyi-kwen-li, pih-kong pih.kyung zoo ts san s kuh tsong-deu, zeh-dze kauh-zah chuh-lih tuh juh, soo-i ih-tau ok"li thuh ts i-zaung, lien-maung tau zaung laung zieu kwhnng. Danz yi kuh foo-nyung, we ts siang-zah ts ih.tsaung z-t,lii, kwhung la zaung laung fan-le.fok chi ih-ngan m. fah-ts siang, tsuh hau lok-chi-le, nau ts ih-pung siau-seh-su wang la tsung-deu laung kheon-su. Veh-liau pih-koo khoen ts Jiangyih-su, thing-kyien leu-au yeu khe tshaung kuh hyang-sung,eu-c;eu thing-kyien kyah-boo kuh sung-iung. Yi kyung-hah !au hyau. [96]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, tuhau-deu ih-ding yeu zeh, zieu chungchung-nung nau yi kuh dzang-foo the-kau ts lau wo,Ngauh-ling, Ngauh-ling, kwha.tien chi-le au-deu yeu zeh.,Ngauh-ling soe-zen bi-joen, thing-kyien wo okli yeu zeh, yi lienmaung dzong zaung-laung thiau-chile, mung lau wo,khau-auh kuh zehkweh-deu la ali, nyang ngoo chi tshing mung yi.,{Yi ih-deu wo ihdeu zieu dzong tsung-deu pien nau-tsheh ihpo setitshiang-le. Yi kwhale-si bau'au-chi, koo-zen khoen kyien ih kuh zeh lehla dzuvaung-li, pe te ts mung. kheu, nyungtsung la nau yi foo-nyung tshing-seu tsoo kuh ih. kwhe poo-ting doo-chuh. Ngauh-ling khoenkyien ditsong yung zaung, zieu jien-chi-ts seutshiang lih la dzu-vaung mung-kheu. deu tung eu yi. Di kuh zeh chuhwe ts tien sing eu seu, thih. tsung iau siang-dong-seu theil bih-yang mehz kuh zung-kwaung, ngeu-zen we tsen deu le khoen-kyien yeu ihkuh-nyung, jien-chi. ts seu-tshiang lih la mung-kheu-deu yuibe ziang iau faung kuh yang-ts. Di kuh zung-kwaung zeh hah tuh wung veh la sung laung iau tsing veh nung, iau dau veh ken tsung-tsung kyau tsing the liang-nan.

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, LESSON 74 LUl\G TIAU-TSAUNG KUH HAU-FAH-TSUH 'AU-PEN-DOEN. Ngauh-ling khoen-kyien yi di:.tsong khau-lien yang-ts, singli kyung veh dzu kuh hau-siau, tung ts ih-hyih, yi lang-dan lesi kuh wo, a, nongwe sa iau le tuh zeh-ke-tsau. hyau tuh wan veh zung kwhung-zah kuh li, ngoo pung le iau lih-khuh tang dien-wo tau kyung-tshah-jok.li chi, clan z we ts nong yien-dze chuh ts ngoo kuh poo-ting, ngoo tsuh hau song nong tau i-yoen-li chi, iung-we ngoo ok-li kuh lau-zong too, dzang tsaung nau ngoo kuh su iau meh-z, ngau tuh tshih-tshoen pahdong, soo-i ngooung-juh,ung-juh zieu tsoo ts di kuh poo-ting, lau i-kuh-li faun"me-ts iau nau i kuh toohwo lau-zong, ih-tsah, ih-tsah dok-sah,a-li hyau tuh nong tau le tsoo yi-la kuh thi-sung, pih-koo yah-sing fah-tsok-chi-le, z singming kyau-kwan, veh z r-hyi kuh z-thi, ngoo yien-dze tsuh hau song nong tau i-yoen-li chi.,Zeh thing-kyien ts di-fan se-wo mien-z-thoo-seh, zieu jui la lau wo, siensang-a, ngoo zeh-dze we ts m-meh tub peh-khoen lau tsoo-tsheh di-tsong van-fah kuh z.thi, yien-dze tong-si veh-[98]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. tsung theu-zah, tau fan-r chub ts dok-kuh-poo-ting, tsong iau jeu sien-sang kyeu-kyeu ngoo-ih-diau-ming, song tau iyoen-li chi z van-van s ven tub kuh, iung-we sien-poo tsheh le, ngoo zung.jeu iau peh kyung-tshah-jok tsauh chi kuh., Ngauh-ling wo "di kuh tsung-tsung kyi. zen iau theu meh-z sa.nyung kyau nong wan iau thoen-ts nyi? Ngoo i veh z i-sung, kyau ngoo na nung kyeu fah, hwaung-tshien ngoo ok-li i m-meh ka-dok-vah, ngoo kuh i-s yien-dze non~ hau hah ih-wen bi-zau-s, nyang i nau soo chub kuh meh-z ih-zi thoo-tsheh-le, khong-pho khau-i pau zien nong kuh sing-l}ling.' Zeh iau sing-ming tsuh hau-thing-dzong yi kuh seh-wo( Nan meh Ngauh.ling, tau dzu-vaung-li chi, nau ts ih-doo-kwhe bi-zau tshong ts nyong.le-si kuh ih-doo-wen bi-zau-s, kyan zeh hah-'au, chi. Kyui-zen lih-kyien kongyau, veh tau ih-khuhtsong kongfoo, zieu doo-doo-li-eu, veh dan z poo-ting zien eu-tsheh.le lien ts doo-zang lau-zau,a tsho. veh too iau eu tsheh-le. Too-tuh yi le deu-hwung ngan-yoen, s-ts voo-lih, la di kuh zung-kwaung Ngauh-ling siang ban-tuh-yi keu tse, ih-mien nau zeh the tsheh mung-nga ih-mien te yi wo,poo.ting-li m-meh dokyah, zah-zen veh kyau nong thoo-tsheh le, ,zieu khau.i wp m-meh tsaung.tsung. [99 ]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, LESSON 75 LUNG TSONG DIEN NYUNG VEH !UNG KE TSHEN S LA MIEN HWO LI. La kyeu nyoeh li kuh thien chi, da-ke tsong z thien zing kuh nyih kyah too, di kuh zung kwaung thih tsung z icu' dzung mien hwo kuh z'eu. La di kuh zung kwaung hyang-au tsongdien nyung iau ,tsooth-tsaung ting khau oo kuh z.thi zieu-z iau yong kwungs chi phung lau tshen la thien-sang kuh sih-bah kuh mien-hwoli, ling nga meh tse iau yong zah-kau, mienfung so nyi chi be la hwo, po maunw la tshung kuh zung-kwaung kha:ui kyungliang zong tien, laii too-ma kyi-kuh dong-dien yan. Di pan tsong-dien-nyung iung-we veh zung zeu koo kyau-yok lau m meh ts-sub kuh,a veh hyau-tuh sa kuh kyau dau-tuh, pih koo iau siang tsauh bi tub zah liang kuh dong>dien, lau ih. ngan veh siang tau ma-kuh-nyung. na-nung zeu yi.la kuh kwhen. Di kuh thien sang kuh mien-hwo pung le z sih-bah lau ting bau-khoen ih zeu-zali tsong-dien-nyung tshen ts s !au, be ts sonyi, ma tau mien-hwo--'aun[g.li.chi, nyih-kyah dzang-yoen ts, zieu pien-dzung-kong waung-ngan-suh lau, suh theh ts thien-zen kuh hau khoen tse veh dan zeh ke, s tshen tuh koo vung too, mien [100]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, hwb tsoe yong yi me lan, faung tsheh le kuh so lau, tsuh tsheh le kuh. poo, zieu veh lau tse, tsoo ts i-zaung tsah ts vehdzanir yoeh zieu iau phoo-theh-tse, na siang-siang-khoen, zeu yi.la kuh le doo nyi veh doo? Ngoo po-maung na tsong-dien-nyung kwha tien nau mien-hwo tshen-s-kuh bi-ping dzu theh lau, da ka siang ih-kuh hau-tien kuh dzan dongdien kuh fah-ts keh-meh la. dau tuh-laung lau, nyungkah.laung kha.ui veh yeu tsah be tse. 76 IE j~\ LUNG GAH BANG-YEU IAU TAUNG-SING. Zok-nyui wo, dze-kya khau voo moo tsheh-mung khau bang yeu, lien khe ts kya-hyang bang-yeu zieu khau-i de-thi voo moo tse, bang-yeu a z oo-lung ts ih (kyuin, zung, khwung-di, bang-yeu,) dan z gab bang-yeu z ih tsaung zung. dzong kuh z.thi, iung-we nong khau-i dzong bang-yeu lau 'auh hau dzong bang-yeu lau pien-wa, zieu kyaujung ts tse tsheh, jung muh tse hih. Soo-i la vi kyih kyau ts zien sien iau tshah-khoen yi kuh ping-iung na-nung,ang-z na-nung, singzing, tah ts nyung-zien laung kuh kyau. tsi na-nung, zah-zen yeu kyi-yang nung-keueh.i ngoo-siang di. [IOI]

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    LESSONS IN THI: SHANGHAI DIALECT bah, zeh ke nung kuh bang--yeu khau-i chi kyih-kyau kuh, ting veh hau z tsieu-nyok bang-yeu, pih-koo voo-le voo-chi chuh-ch uh beh siang-siang, chub hau ts wan iau da-ka zui-long-le too dong dien, too tuh ;hau meh wan hau, too tuh veh hau zieu iau da-ka tang chi le, Ngoo zien-deu yeu ih kuh tshing-kyoen, yi siau kuh zung-kwaung man su 'a youg-kong, lau juh ji tshongming, soo-i )J'.yung-nyung zen tshung-tsan yi, yi zeh tshih soen kuh ih kuh lau-nyang-ka koo-s-tse. dzong tsh doc-pen kuh joen-ping zen tshau la yi kuh seu li, ih-nyih ih. nyih au-chi lau ih-nyien ih-nyien koo-chi, tau ngan nyi.soen thautshing tse, ih dzuh man zung-taung, tau ngan tshih soen kuh yi gah zah ts ih kuh biautco bang-yen, ih-nyih tau ya la nga-deu hwo.thien-tsieu-di, long tuh ok h nyung doo-khok-siau-kyau,eu le z,ka sang ts ih sung dok-bing lau pen-door-fi,an! di kuh chi veh z khau-pho lau khau-sih va? Maung ngoo-nyi nyien chung kuh nyung la di kuh ih-boo laung tsong iau taung-sing, we tsseh ts ihli iau tsho tshien-li.' [ I02]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, LESSON 77 LUNG YEU-DZIEN VOO-TS KUH NYUNG. Zauhnyih ngoo la dzung-li, Tha-bing-ka-laung, Zung-dataung-tien nga'{deu, khoen-kyien yeu zeh-kyi kuh nyung zui.la ih. dau la kaung, ngoo zieu gah-z3.ung chi, khoenkyien yeu ih kuh nyan-kyi-scen kuh la ih-deu khok lau ih-deumo, nan-meh ngoo zieu tang-thing yi-la sa kuh z-thi, yi la kausoo ngoo wo, di kuh sau-nyien-nyun?: sing Faung, z dzu la simien, ok-li yeu dien lau yeu di, la yi ok-li siang-jung wan yeu ih kuh nyung kyau Van-tsok,ka, yi kuh nyung z ting-veh-hau dzang-tsaung dien-yienmih-nyui lau kheu-z-sing-fi kuh. Tsau kyi kuh nyceh Tsok-ka te sing Faung kuh wo,hyih kyi-nyih ngoo iau tsheh dzung chi wen dong-dien, zah-zen nong yeu dong-dien iau wen meh, ngoo khau-i thi nong chi wen kuh,,sing Faung kuh iwe yi kuh seh-wo z tsung kuh, i siang tau di liang-nyih li, thih-tsung iau tah nyung soen-tsang, m-meh dzienphiau tsuh yeu nyung.ts lau yang-dien, wang-s Tsok-ka ming-tsau iau tau dzung;-nQ"a chi, ngoo zieu tshing yi chi thi ngoo wen-ih-wen phiauts ba, soo-i yi zieu nau ts s.tsah nyoenpau lau, ih-pah ni:t-seh. kwhe yang-dien, tau Tsokka di.faung chi !au, tshing yi ta tau [103]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. dzung-nga-deu chi wen-ih-wen Tsok-ka wo,nong !au ngoo z toonyien kuh lau bang-yeu, di-ngan siau-z.thia vehpih khah-chi tse, ming-tsau ngoo ih-ding tsheh dzung chi wen. Kookwa meh zieu zia-zia lau tsen chi tse. LESSON 78 LUNG YEU-DZIEN VOO-TS KUH NYUNG 'AU-PEN-DO EN Tung ts liang-nyih Tsok-ka veh tsenle, tse tung kyi-nyih 'a veh tsenle zeh tau nyan-kyeu-ya.Ii, yeu ih kuh nyung nau kyi.tsang dzien-phiau le, wo z Tsok-ka kyau yi song tuh le kuh, i WO,yien dze Tsok-ka veh nung tsen le iung-we vi yeu ih kuh bang-yeu tshing yi tau meu meu di-faung chi ban kyi-tsaung iau-kyung z-thi, tau zeh-nyoeh tshoo-kyi li, yi ih ding khaui tsen-le !au, ji-yui kuh dzienphiau yi we tuh le >rnu-tshing kuh. Kookhwa seu zah ts di kuh kyi-sehtsang dzien-phiau, i thingkyien Tsok-ka la zeh-nyih li zieu iau tsen le kuh, yi zieu sing tse, Hyih ts kyi-nyih yi tau dzung-li chi ma meh-z lau, nau phiauts tau dzien-tsaung laung chi wen dong-dien, dzong. tsh zieu hyau-tuh di-tien phiauts zen z ka kuh lau, ih-tsanga [104]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. veh nung yong kuh, yi ih thing-kyien di kuh seh-wo, yi zieu faung-sung da khok, ioen-thien-ioen-di kuh mo Tsok-ka, ngoo hyau tuh ts di kuh z-thi, zieu wo,an!ngen-bung kuh sau. nyien-nyunga, yien-dze nong zeh-ke khok !au fan, yeu sa yong. deu nyi, taung-z zung-kwaung nong na-nung khau-i nau dongdien, hweh.liah lau kau peh zoen-bien sa-nyung nyi, zieu-z Tsok. ka yien-dze !eh.la tsh-di, dong-dien i-kyung lauh ts yi kuh seu, yi na-nung nyi, khau kyien-tuh nyung veh suh loo meh khaui mung kuh, dok-z veh suh nyung-deu meh m-meh fah-ts siang, tsau ngoo khoen-chi-le, lau-di, veh pih kwa bih-nyung, tsuh iau au tsh kyung-kya lau taung-sing ziea keu tse, iung-we nong nyieukyi chung lau, tsiang-le bang zah kuh z-thi, tsung iau too la li,, nan-meh di kuh san-nyien-nyung, kha.koen-ts ngan-li lau lih chi sung-le zieu tseu tse, zui la kuh nyung meha san khe tse. LESSON 79 LUNG WAN-BI KUH SIAU-NOEN LONG-SONG-HAH-TS. Yeu ih nyih waung-hwung-deu, ngoo kyung-koo Pok-'oo-nenloo Zien-tsaung-we-kwen di-faung, yeu ih kuh hah-ts khau ts

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. ziang-deu lau zoo-la, seu li nau ts ih moksiang-ts, siang-ts li faung ts pok-kwo-ba, kan-le-weh, yeu khok lau sa, iung we yi z ih kuh tshah-z kuh hah-ts, lau khau ts di kuh too-hwo meh-z koo nyih-kyah kuh. I kuh z-'eu yeu ih kuh wan-bi siau-ncen tseu tau yi kuh y1 kuh ngan-tsrng z hah kuh, zieu la dilaung zih ts ih-ban da.iung-ba kuh hyang-ien khok-ts lau tah ts ih-siau-kwhe kuh nyok-kwehdeu, tshung hah-ts veh baungbe kuh la yi kuh mok-siang li, veh too ih hyih yeu ih-kuh-nyung le tshah-z, hah-ts kyau yi dzong siang-ts li mok liang-yang meh-z kau peh y1, di kuh nyung thih-tsung mok-zah ih-kwhe z hyang-ien-khok-ts lau kau peh yi, hah-ts mok-mok kauh-zal,i i-z.ih-yang, soo-i yi t!e mok ih-tsen lau yong bih-deu le mung-mung, khan-khan hyau-tuh tsong-z yeu nyung long-song yi lau tauh la mck-siang Ii kuh mehz, nan-meh yi zieu tsha-se-ts lau hwan-la di laung. Baung-pien yeu wan-bi siau-noen kuh dong-dau, kuh nyung khoen-kyien ts hau-siausah tse, yien-dze nong tseu koo di kuh hah-ts knh di faung, nong ,chi khoen-meh-tse, yi tsong kwe nau liang-tsah-seu chi tso la mok-siang kuh yoen-dong-laung, veh yang seu meh zieu yong ih kwhe pan tso la laung, iung we yi pho tse yeu sa [106]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. nyung iau nau mehz chi faung la hwo lau long-song yi. 80 LUNG TSHO-FOOIUNG-KE LIEU-SING KUH KYI YANG ZTHI. Zah.zen me ih kuh tshofoo nungkeu tsungtsau i-au kuh kvi-diau tsang-zung lau tsoo meh, la loo laumr la.tshots. khaui mien theh zing-boo kuh sau-zau, ping-tshien khaui veh tab bih. kuh tshots siangdzaung, lau i khau-i mien-theh pungsung tah ts tsho-ts zeu kauh-yang knh sung-saung tse. 1. Thaungmung-poo veh yang kuh zungkwaung, iung-ke faungla tsho-siang-li, ping-tshien iau khoen-tshing-saung i kuhau-n10, z veh z tah tsho-ts tsau-we laung kuh 'au-mo ih yang kuh. 2. Tshih veh khau-i la loo-laung daung.le daung-chi teu-sang i, 'a veh khaui we ts tsiang-sang-i phing-ming bau lau tshen kco mo-loo. 3. Dzong nyihdeu lauh-san tau nyih-deu khan tsheh kuh zung. kwaung tshots laung kuh tung-hoo iungke"''ihzeh tien yaung la. 4. Tshih veh khau-i nau siautshenzanglaung kuh zeh-veh ok tse bib-yang aub.tshauh kuh mehz tsaung la tsho-ts laung. [107]

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    L'ESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALCET. 5. Thaun -zen zoo-kh:i.h yeu meh-z tshob-theh la tsho-ts laung, tsho-foo iung-ke lih-khuh na!,J meh-z song-tau zieu-jung kuh zing boo-vaunf!.li chi. 6. Thaung-zen zookhan tah nong yeufc_;hau-nau, iung-ke tshing. jeu zieu-jung kuh zing-boo-vaung okz zing-boo siangpaung. 7. Ding tsho-ts kuh zungkwaung,ok z zoo-khah iau zaung tsho kuh zeu, iung-ke nau tsho-ts ding la khauiung-ka-yienzah. 8, Thaung-zen zoo-khah yeu z-thi iauautsho tau tienka chi, tshih veh khaui nau tsho-ts ding la zoen-bien sa di-faung, la nau-nyih kuh di-faung kung-ka veh khau-i, iung-ke ding la pien deu kuh long-daung-liokz ding-tsho-tshu. 9. Veh zung ding tsho-ts kuh i zien iung-ke sien kyui-seu, i-ts s tuheu-mien kuh tsho-ts nyung khau-i kyau-tuh. IO, La tsen-wan kuh z-'eu iung-ke tsmil)g faung-hyang. II, Hyang yeu-mien tsen-wan kuh z-'eu, tshih veh khaui siau tsenwan, r.tshien tsen-wan kuheu0seu veh khau-i the la nioloo taung.tsong, iung-ke khau-jung loo kuh tsoo-pien tseu yoeh-jung yoeh-hau 12. Kauh-tsho iung.ke ih-diau-sien bau, tshih veh khau-i liang san-boo bing-ba-bau. 13. Kauhtshofoo iung-ke tsau ts zing-boo kuh ts-hwe lau tsoo.

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. 14. Thaung-zen yeu sa: siang-dzanug knh z-th1 iung-ke ding-ts tsho-ts lau siang-paunl!, t:iing-tshien iung-ke tung ziri 'g-boo le, zah-zen m-meh zing-boo, iung-ke pau-kau zieu-jung kub zing-boo vaung. 15. Thaung-zen bang-zah zoo-khah si la tsho-ts laung,ok-z fahsang kyih-so kuh z-thi, iung-ke tshing zing-boo siang-paung lau song-tau zieu-jung kuh zing-boo-vaung. LESSON 81 LUNG TSOO-KA-LAUNG I TSHEH IH TSAUNG MING-OEN. La zien lj-pa-nyih kuh zaung pen nyih zeh tien tsong kuh zung-kwaung; yeu ih kun Si-le nyung kyau pe-tuh, tau pok Stsqe-loo ih-ban kwaung-hoo-tien li chi ngang diau in-bing hya_u_gs, 'i pan tien-li kuh nyung we ts di-bing hyang-s i-kyung pehyi khe koo tse soo i yi la te yi wo veh khau-i kiau kuh, nan meh yi zieu rlong-chi, lau nau seu-tshiang le faung sa ts Jiang kuh h00kyi, 'lau ;zoo ts waung-pau-tsq.e\stang dau tseu; dau ts veh too tien loo; di kuh Si-le nyung p'e ih kuh bih ban tien li kuh hookyi, bau zaung chi dzong peeu deu, geh lau ts lau tsauh zah yi [109]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. Yi soe-zen iau siang tse z we ts yi kuh liang tsah seu i-k ung peh nyung geh tuh veh nung dong, soo-i veh dzung-kong lau tshiang zyieh peh nyung doeh-1theh, lau tsauh yi tau chi, /eu-seu dzo tsheh le/ yi z m-meh ling z kwei-sok, kuh Si-le bing hyang-s z yi ma peh ih kuh 'an-soen-me ts yi veh tsong-i, soo-i Pe-tuh dzong-sing tse chi siang-siang ts ih-ngan-ngan kuh siau z-thi, yi kyung--ji-zen 1ken long--sah liang-diau sing-ming, zehze lau yi tau ti z kau sah si kuh. .LESSON DUNG IH KUH BANG-YEU DZONG YOENDI. FAUNG LE. Kyung-nyien snyoeh nyan.lokau-pennyih ngoo la su-vaung li do!t-su lau sia-z kuh zunr'kwaung, veu ih we Tsaung-sien-sang le maung-maung ngoo wo yi yeu ih ngan siau iau le mung mung-khoen{ ngoo zieu mung yi wosa z-thi;" yi WO,,dzong zien yi yeu ih kuh bang-yeu la ngakok, la Kwaung dzu san-zeh-s nyien kuh pah-nyoeh nyj1'n-kyi li, sia ihfong-sing peh yi, lau tshing yi tau nga-kok-chi,i iunghyui menyoeh peh yi [lIO]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. kyi-zeh-liang nyung-ts zen sok meh yi kuh bang-yeu we tuh kong kyih yi kuh, r-tshien 'a iung-hyui yi, hyih zieu khau-i we tau Tsong-kok le, ng-oo tsih-zah yi kuh sing kuh zung. kwaung, ngoo thih-tsung yeu tien iau-kyung kuh z-thi, sog.i taung-z veh zung chi kuh, pih-koo fok ts ih-fong-sing,eu-le tau ts zeh nyoeh zeh hyi Ii ngoo zieu tshung ts hoo-lung-zen dong sung tau i kuh di-faung. Ngoo la Me-kok ih gong tung ts san nyien ling lok kuh nyoeh, ngoo la i kwhe tsoo z-thi z man zung seu, chuh lau tsaha tsong-soeq m-sa, ngoo kuh bang-yeu yeu san kuh nyi-ts lau ih kuh noen\ yi la la ngoo zanghwo, dok Tsong-kok-su lau lien Tsong-kok-z,kongkhoo wen pih ts meh, zieu faungauh. ;rau ts ya Ii yi la ling ngoo chi tong tseutseu lau si la faung-kya kuh ling ngoo tau doo kuh yeuhyi zang laung chi kyien-suh kyien-suh'! tau ts koo nyien koo kuh zung-kwaung, yi la a song tien doug-dien peh sooi ngoo la i kwhe koo nyih-kyah z man tshung sing zu-1.

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, LESSON No. 83 LUNG IH KUH BANG-YEU DZONG YOEN DIFAUNG LEAU PEN DOEN. La jeu-nyien tsongtshieu-tsih ngoo tsih-zah ok li kuh/sing wo, ok li yeu iaukyung z-thi kyau ngoo zieu iau tsen chi', ngoo lienmaung li hau kauh tsohg zeh-veh lau tsen le tse, ih taq, ts zieu hyau tuh ngoo kuh doo-nyi-ts i-kyung koos tse/eu le koo ts kyi kuh nyoeh thing-kyien nyung wo nong iau tshing ih kuh sia-z kuh nyung, soo-i yien:dze le mung-mungkhoen ah yeu di tsaung z-thi nyi veh yeu. 'Eu-le ngoo we deu yi wo, yein-dze ngoo ;(reh tshing nyung, iung-we 1-kyu ng tshing-zah ts siensang tse,'ngoo wo we ts di-kyui seh-wo zieu kyau yong. nyung tau liang-pen dzo le, chuh hau ts dzo ngoo tse mung ,yi WO,khe-nyien nong ah yeu i-s tse foau tau nga-kok chi va?1 Yi WO,,ngoo veh yeu di kuh nyan-deu, zoen-bien nanung tung-zok kuh zang-hwo, lau tse iau chi en ih kuh di-faung meh, kauh zah yeu tien veh da zok-nyui wo,tsheh mung ih.li veh zu ok li, '" ngoo tse mung Tsauug-siensang wo yien-dze nong tse yeu kyi kuh nyits/yi wo, wan yeu liang kuh, yi la zen la okli dok-su, zaung-pennyih dok-su lauaupen [ 112]

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    IN THE SHANG:llAI DIALECT. nyih sia-z, doo kuh pi-ts siau kuh le tuh jang-jien,eu le ngoo zieu nau tsheh liang yang nga-kok-tong-si le siensang nap di kuh liang yang meh-z ta tsen chi, song-pel'i nong kuh nyi-ts,lhyih liang-r;tyih tshing yi la tau ngoo-nyi di-faung le hehsiang-siang, lau hoen-khoen nyi kuh nga-kok meh-z,,nan-meh yi WO,ziazia sien-sang kuh hau-i, koo ngoo z iau ling yi la ] e pa.maung pa-!lY
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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, sing seu-tauh yeu ts dong-dien meh sang-au.le ma zeh-veh peh i chuh, lati tang-pan i kuh tiau-lonii. i tshaung kuh sung. iung nung-keu t,sen zeh-ih-chok, di kuh yong tauug.tsong nan. pan yeu kul{. La jeu-nyien kuh ih-ka-mung zen lui-yung tau N an-ziang chi beh-siangl, ngoo nau kwo la thien-tsing li kuh ih-tsah-tiau thoen/tsing le kuh.,eu le tau ya. kwha tsen-le-ts, ngoo chi khoen-khoen ngoo/ kuh e0veh,]au hyautuh di-tsah tiau z i-kyung suh-tshih tse, ngoo lien maung, pau zing-boo-vaung lau tsheh saung-kah,,zing di-tsah tiau; tshienfaung-pah-kyi, tau-ti zing veh zah. N goo tsung-tsung nyokmo lau au-lau tsheh-chi beh-siang kuh, iung-we ngoo i-kyung yang ts yi nyang-kyi nyien tse, zeh-tau yien-dze ngoo kuh sing wan veh si ngoo zung-jeu thok ngoo too-hwo tsoo zing-boo lau pautang-thing kuh bang-yeu, thi ngoo li-sing hau la, zahzen yeu ih. nyih zing-.zah ts di tsah tiau m~, ngoo zing-nyoen doo-doo-li zia / zia yi la, LESSON 85 LUNG JUI-FONG LAU DOOYUI. Kyung nyien kuh yui-s z ting-too, la waung-me kuh zung [114]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. kwaung i-kyung yuj lauh tuh veh sau, 'thien-z veh tsung, zong-sing la tshib-nyoeh-li! tae yeu liang-tsh fah-doofong, 1 di nyi zieuz la kyi-nyih zien-deu, fah tuh kung-ka li.e tse,I veh-dan fah doofong, wan-yeu doo-yui lau doo dzau. Fong kuh doo z ling yeu ih kong, tau ya-q,eu nyung zing kuh zah kung ka hyang, (sung ziang zok-nyui wo lau-hwoo-fong lau vaung-ts peh i yung-dong tse, soo-i yeu too-hau dzu-mok !au veh lau kuh yaung. ts, tshau-bang lau li-po zeu-zah tsh tau kuh zeh-dze veh-sau, lungwe s veh-the Ja11 yui wan la lauhau le,soo-i yeu difaung, dzung~lwng ih-phien waung-yang, fung-bien veh tsheh s lau 'oen-di, we ts pho tshaung-'oo kuh yoen-koo, yeu kyi loo kuh dien-tsho tsuhhau veh khe, van-i ti-au kuh zang-hwo s tsih-me-deu, lau zen pien ts siau-'oo tse, di kuh kyung-ts tsung ah-song lau haukhoen-le, yeu kuh siau-kyah kuh nyui-nyung tah ts tshoen dzang-1 kuh noen-nyung, we ts s-doo veh nung-keu dzong ka kuh di-pien tseu tau ka kuh ipien, tseh hau kyau waung. pau-tsho pa-doo, zah zen mmeh waung-pau-tsho kuh di-faung, tseh hau kyau nyung doo-koo-ka, .soo-i liang-nyih waung-pauisho tah ts chuh-kan kuh sangi khau-i woo li-z-sanbe. [II5 ]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. LESSON 86 LUNG IH KUH SIAU'AUH-SANG-TS KUH NYIH-KYI. Ngoo-nyi siau kuh zungkwaung, hyong-di tsime san kuh. nyung, me-nyih tsau-zung chi-le, khats-mien, chuh ts tsau-van/. la ok-li, ngoo kuh sing i-kyung tau ts 'auh-daung-li chi tse. 1 Soo-i-meh kyih-kyih maung-maung z-ka tsah hau ts i/zaung, li.li-hau su ngoo ih-ngan veh iau sa nyung s1ang-pa11ng, rnngwe ,\JI] behzih eu. -li chi tse. Thih-tsung tseu tsheh mung-kheu ih.dzung doo-fong-yui, di. di WO,,yui zeh-ke doo/lau fong zeh-ke li-'e, na-num hau tseu tau auh-daung-li chi nyi, wan veh zui kau wo,,veh khaui iung-weauh-daung-li ih-nyih yeu ih-nyih kuh kong-khoo, ngoo-nyi too thing sien-sang kaung ih-tien-tsong, too ih.tien.tsong kuh hau-tsh, lok-so-ng-nyih,a.li nung-keu nyih nyih thien hau nyi, bang-zah lauhyui ngoo-nyi zieu chi dan hwaung-fi ko,ng-khoo, r-tshie1n yong-yi sang-tsheh ih-tsong landoo kuh bi-chi/ Koo-nyung wo,' chuh-ts khootsong-khoo, faung we [n6]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, zung-zauug-zung,kyung-tsau kuh thih-tsung ,7, yangdzung ngoo-nyi zang-voo-tsing-zung kuh hau kyi-we, ngoo-nyi kwha-tien chi ba.N goo-nyi san kuh nyu ng ih.loo tseu, khoenkyien yeu kyi kuh siau-'auh-sang-ts la loQ,baung-pien kuh ih-ban siau-tien-li ma daung-koo, Me-me wo,daymg kyau-kwan hauchuh, ngoo-nyia chi ma kyi.kwhe hau-va?,d Ngoo wo,di kuh veh z ngoo-nyi tau auh-daung-li chi soo iung-ke tsoo kuh z-thi, wan z kwha.tien tseu ha., Veh too, ih hyih zieu tau 'auh-daung tse. Khoen-kyien siensang zieu te yi.laang kyok-kong-li,/eu-le nau yui.a yui-san fauni:! la kang-i-kan-li, lau zieu tau thi-tsheu-bang-li chi l.ieh-siang lau phah-jeu. Sien-sang la baung-pien khoen, lau te, nyi wo, yeu. hyi z ih-tsong pau-yang s'ung-thi kuh hau fah-tsl pih-koo veh khau-i kuh yeu-hyi. LESSON 87 LUNG IH KUH SIAU-'AUH-SANG-TS KUH NYIH-KYI 'AU-PEN-DORN. Tau kyeu-tien-tsong .~ieu yau-ling khe'auhl auh,-sang-ts zen la tseu-laung-li,' ba-de tsing khoo-daung.' Eu-le sien-[II7]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALCET, sang la huh-pan-laung sia kok-vung liang kuh z, nan-meh da-ka zen nau ko -vung tsheh le thing sien-sang ts-seu-wah-kyah kuh ien-kaung.La di kuh zung-kwaung khoo-daul)g-li zih-zing voosung tsuh thini.:--kyien sien-sang kuh sien,sang WO,na yeu veh tong kuh di-faung khau-i le mung s. zehfung.tsongeu-seu/thing-kyien wo,byeusih zung-kwaung na khau-i faung hau su, dzoe-bieu na chi 'ok-z chuh-dzo, iung-we nau-ts veh ih-dzeh me ih-tien-tsong pih-su i;1.u,1hyeiy1sih zeh-fungtsong, kehmeh tsinf_~zung veh we tuh bi.joen, lau' ts-suh nung-keu ka tbien, lau tsoo z-thi yeu ts-mi. / / 'Eu-le tse zaung-khoo tau nyih-tsong da ka chi chub tsong-van kvi van la awhda seu le ; ih-dau tau van-dam nen zoo, lau ngoonyi hyang-pok-zoo;.,, Sien-sang wo,,zoo iiu tub toentsung, chub-van kuh z.eu veb khau-i hah-tshau. 1 Tsong van chub hau-ts, i tau yuin-dong-zang laung chi san-boo, zeh-tau ih-tien sanzeh-fung tse zaung-khoo.' Kong-khoo wen ih/-ts, sien sang te ngoo-nyi wo," kyung-tsau z na kuh ming-vung iung-ke [IJ8]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHAo/GH,11 DIALECT tau khoo-daung laung chi tang-sau, na tsco di kuh, ih meh khaui yang-dzung-kong lau-dong kuh zih-kwan, z-dz doen-thi kuh sing-zing. nYi meh peh na hyau-tuh tung kuh di-faung iung-ke tsauh koen-zing. Tang-sau wen-pih-ts, siensang te nyi wo, na vien-dze khau-i nausu iau tsenschi mehtse. Ng-oo-nvi te siensangang ts kyokkong lau kha-kha weh-weh kuh LESSON 88 LUNG TSIH-HYOK DZE-VEH WAN VEH ZU LIEU IH KUH HAU-MING-SANG. Dzong zien la Pok-sing-kyung di-faung yeu ih kuh nyung sing Nyien, yi z i-kyung lok-seh-too-soen tse, yoen-iung kuh nyung zen kyau/yi N yien-dze-tsu,' yi z ting yeu dien kuh nyung, yi kuh dzu-dzuha z zeh fung doo lau khaukyeu, s tseu we yeu we-we-zen kuh dzu kuh vaung. ts kuh pien-deu, ling nga yeu ih dzuh siau-vaung-ts, la i kuh li yeu kyi.tsah de-ts faung-me-ts siau dong-dien, zah-zen yeu sa kau-hwo-ts le meh, zieu peh yi ih kuh dong-dien, ih dzeh z,eh-ke yeu tanyien kong-foo. Yeu ih nyih nyih-tsong kuh peu' di we lausiensang thihtsung zoo la siau-vaung.ts li khoen-kyien ih kuh [IIQ]

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    LESSONS IN THr,; SHANGHAI DIALECT. deu-fah sih-bah kuh lau-kau-hwo-ts le tha,11 van, yi kuh nyung zieu nau ih kuh peh yi: di kuh kau-hwo-ts nau ts dong-dien veh tseu, lau deu khau la ziangdeu lauug ziaug nge kuh yang-ts, di kuh Nyien-dze-tsu mung yi wo,i.kyung peh nong dong-dien veh chT nyi,,>rnu-hwo-ts than-chi lau wo, ngoo thing-kyien yoen lau jung kuh nyung zen tshung nong z ih kuh dze.tsu-nyung !au zen-nyung, tsau ngoo khoen-chi-le nong pih-koo z ih kuh ih-tshientookwhe kuh dze-tsu-nyung yan. Lau-sien-sang veh be-vok lau wo,ngoo yen too-too-hwohwo dien-di lau sang-kheu/ i yen kyi-pak-man yien kwhen, nyung-ting 'a yen kyi-seh knh, 'ngoo ,ve sa lau veh khan we dzetsn-nyung nyi, tshing nong WO tsheh yoen-koo le,r kau-hwo-ts WO rlong tong-ka nyienkvi i-kvung lok-seh too soen tse, ah nung-keu ih zeh veh si va, dan z tau si kuh ih-nyih, nong tsuh nung-keu yong kyi-pek-kwhe yang-dien ma i-zanng, lau kyi-pak-kwhe yang
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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. kub ts-sung tsih-hyok dzien-dze, lau tsoo yi la kuh noo-di, di kuh chi veh z veh zeh tuh vadi we thing-kyien yi kuh sehwo kaung tuh zeh-fung yeu dau-li/ yi Fsing-ngoo tsen le lau tsung kuh chi tsoo too-hwo kuh z th i t se,eu-seu yi kuh ih-dzah laung kuh nyung we ts yi lihpe lau kyi-nyan yi. LESSON 89 k. I LUNG KOO KYUNG KUH VEH DONG. La nyun;g m-meh tsong lau piau, veh dan-z 'J;song koknyung mmeh, nga-kok-nyung-a veh piau, dzungli dzung nga q:i-meh sa tsong-piau-tien, lau tah ts sieu-li tsong piau zang-,hwb pi-faung iau ka yien-dze tien-tsong{, vi ih-ngan veh tong non;r la mun!! tien sa z-tbi,eu. seu la Dau-kwaung nyieR<-k,an, khan-khan yeu nyung nau tsong lau piau ta tau Tsong-kok le,' dan z ii kuh z-'eu ma kuh nyung z juhsau juh-sau iung-we ka-dien kydi, pih-koo yeu kataung kuh nyung ma tuh,,chi yan, mmeh dong-dien kuh nyung tsuh-hau te i khoenkhoen,eu-seu-le dzau tsong piau kuh tshang-ka dzien-dzienn\tng too tse, tsong piau kuh ka-dien meha ma u-man-nung jang tse,1 soo i ma-khaha ih-ngan, ih-ngan hyung tse, z zaung, [121]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, san tung nyung ka tsho-veh-too zen y~,u tsongok-tse piau, iungwe tsheh ts ih-khwe yang-dien tsoo-yeu, zieu khau-i ma ih tsak tsong'ok-z piau, dan z ka-dien soe-zen]ang, k yi-chi tsong veh iuh zien. deu kuh Jial'i, soo-i yeu ih kyui lau-wo, zieu m-hauhoo l~ii veh LESSON 90 LUNG KOO KYUNG KUH VEH DON GAU PEN DOEN. Zien-deu kuh nyung veh hyautuh ih kuh li-pa z sal ka-seh, yi la tseh 1,iyau-tuh cizong tsung-nyoeh tau lah-nyoeh yeu zeh-nyi kuh nyoeb, ih nyien yeu s kyi, zieu z tshung,au, tshieu, tong, tshung tshieq, liang-kyi thien-chi wung-'ooauthien nyih y.rn tongthien lang. Zah zen te nyupg wo kyung-tsau z li-pa kyi, nan z yi ih ng-an veh tongsa i-s, dan z yiendze kuh nvung z doo liang-ang tse, ;We tuh zau tsong piau lau, hyau tuh kyi-tien, kyi yi-miau', ih tshih chi-kyui.iuyfg-zeh kuh zung-kwaung zen t lau ding-taung kun,a bgau-tuha.li ih nyih z liaung.li-pa-nyi meh z tshoo-kyi,' lau au-li-pa-san meh z zt zah-zen ke piau kuh nyung zoen;,'bien tau sa di-faung chi meh, sung pien tsong ta hau ih tsah piau, kbau-i khoenkhoen zungkwaung. [122]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. Tse yeu ih yang zieu-z dzong zien yeu dzung-deu lau yien-di:e tshak theh tse, pih-koo kuh dzung-deu yien-dz.e wan veh zung ih zi tshak wen kuh~ soo-i la jeu-nyien yeu ih-we nga.kok-sien. sang, tshoo-tsh tau Tsong-kok le, khoen-kyien doo-dzung, siaudzung iau dzung-mung, tah ts dzung-li-hyang kuh doo siau ka-dauyi zieu wo zien-
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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT la Zaung-he WO Iveh la tsh-di la Ja i-deu dok-nga-kok-su, sia nga-kok-z, lau la i-deu nga-kok-nyung tshing yi-la sia Tsong-kok-z peh yi-la khoen, lau wo kyi-kyui Tsong->cok-wo peh yi.la thi,fi.g.,Ngoo mung yi wonong ah iau chi maung-maung yi-la va, y1 wo, ngoo veh iau chi, iungwe ngoo la tsh-di yeu too-hwo bang-yeu, tau ts nga-kok chi m-sa nyung nyung.tub ngoo, wan yeu too-hwo veh su-vok lau veh ;bientaung kuh z-thi,ziang Tsong-kok-van ngoo chuh tuh le ku:h, ngaan ngoo G,huh veh kwan kuh, nyok ib/ le i kuh mi-dau kyi a chub kuh;tsuh ch,uh tien mien-1 he pan veh chi tse, ng< wen van, ih
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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. da-i zaung chi,a m-meh sa li-hyang tsak le eu-le-si kuh.',Euseu ngoo te yi wo,Tsang-sien-sang 'a, nong khoen-khoen ngakoki.zaung ziang bok, ji-zeh li-li-nga-nga kuh iizaung zen-z mau tsoo kuh, keh-lau tsak ts kyau-kwan-noen-nyih.1' Yi wo tsong-r. yien-ts ziang ngoo-nyi nyien-kyi doo kuh nyung, tse iau kepien sa meh, tsong-kwe kauh-zah tse'nan-meh ngoo wo/di-kyui seh-wo z ih-ngan veh tsho, zieu z hau ziang zok-nyui wd zih-kwua dzung z.zen yan. LESSON 92 KWO-TUNG. Me-vong 'au-kyi tshih-nyoeh zeh-s-'1au, Fah-tsoo-ka yeu kwotung kyih-tshe nau-mang le si kuh z.thi, ldi kuh tsoo fah z iau kyi. nyan ihpak-too-nyien nanung yong-sing yong-lih, pau kok-tsung le ke hau, lau i-ts yen kyung-tsau kuh Fah-kok.' La di nyih laung Waung-phoo-than,ok-z yien mo-loo zendzu ts ji-kyoen !au tshah ts kauh-yang kuh ji-'au, yeu kuh meh yong ng-seh kuh dien.tung tsah tsheh zok-tse kyi-'au. Yeu kuh tsih-sang kuh nyung-ka meh, mung-kheu-deu pih-koo kwo-tien tunglong, tien-tung taung-tsong ting chi-kyung kuh meh zieu-z i pan <125]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. pau-tang-thing,' yi la la kyi-ban dzokwen kuh mung--kheulaung, dien-tung tsung-tsung-tsah tuh hau-khoenle, yeu-long, yeu-vong kauh-seh~kauh-yang kuh, bu ts ya-deu meh liang-le yau-ngantsing. Danz tsaung-waung tuh ting haukhoenkuh di-faung meh, iau soen la E-too-aloo kuh Waung-phoo-than, lau Ling-z-kongkwen kuh mung-kheudeu, lau tah ts Fah-kok-kongyoen, di kuh kyi-tshu di-faung kuh tang-pan z nyiennyien veh dong kuh, tse yeu la pingzen launga kwome-ts dien-tung lau tshah-me-ts ji, yoen-maung ziang ih.lih ih-lih kuh singsieu. Tau ts waunghwung-deu la tsong-ling-z nga-mung-li seh lih ts yien zih lau tshing kauh-kok kuh vung'oo pahkwen chi chuh-tsieu, chuh ba ts tsieu meh veu thiau-voo lau tah ts oih-tsong kuh veu hyi. La yi-nyih ya.li mo-loo laung tse iau tsheh di-tung-we lau pin-zen laung tse iau faung ienhoo, soo-i kauh-taulauh-tshu tsheh le khoen kuh nyuy{g z nyung-san-nyung-he kuh too, gah tuh le loo a veh hau tseuveh hyau-tuh nanung me-we bangzah di kuh tsih-ji tsong--kwe Iauh-yui kuh nyih-kyah too. LESSON 93 LUNG TSAUH-TOO KUH Z.THI. Yien dze la tsooka laung liang-yang van kyung kuh zthi: ting [ 126]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. hyung-waurrg, ih meh too, nyi meh ien-ts-khoo, yeu ih kuh nyoeh ngoo-nyi liang kuh nyung thih-tsung phazah chi thoenthing zui.too kuh z-thi. Zong pok Tsuh-kaung-loo chi-deu tau Khaituh-loo we ts:;van-i di kuh ih-ta di-faung kuh z-thi zenz ngoo-nyi kuh di-ka, di ih-kuh li-pa msa siau-sih, !au di-nyi kuh Ii-pa i tsiangiau koochi tse, 'euseu nyi la Koo-ling-loo, khoen-kyien yeu ih kuh yien-ka kuh sankan-liangsiang-vanng kuh zah-khoo-mung, ih-zeh kwan la ziang khong kuh yangsuh, tau sung-ya-kuh z-eu, tsuh thigkyien chung kuh kyah-sung, lau khoen-veh-kyien hoo-kwaung~ ngoo-nyi zieu tsu-i-la di kuh diau-dzo yi-la kuh kyui-dong, Kah-ts san-nyih nyi la ling-jung kuh ih.ban dzo-kwen Ii chuh-dzo, thing-kyien liang-kuh nyung la kaung-tsang, ih kuh nyung wo,zok. ya ngoo su-theh ts lok-pek-too kwhe yang-dien,,wan yeu ih kuh nyung mung yi wonong la sa di-faung too dong-dien,,yi 'ngoo la meu-meu di-faung-.,Nan-meh di-nyi kuh nyung wo, ekyung-ya ngoo iau tah nong ih-dau chi khoen-khoen,,yi we. deu-wo,zah-zen nong iau chi khoen-beh-siang veh khau-i-kuh, zieu-z nong iau chi too,a pih-ding iau yeu zok-nyung kya-zau,, di nyi kuh nyung wo,kemeh ngoo 'a chi too !au tshing nong kya-zau,,nan-meh daka iah-ding ming-tsau ya-Ii zeh-ih-tien-pen [127]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. tau ideu, Ngoo-nyi lia.ng kuh nyung thing-kyien ts di kuh seh wo zieu nyungtshing-saung y1-la kuh mien-khong lau da-ka fungkhe tse. Tau mingtsau ya.li hahtien-tsong nyi liang kuh nyung tse keh-ts kyi-kuh siau-bangyeu, zieu tung-eu la Koo.ling-loolaung, i-dzah vaung.ts kuh s.tseu-we, tsiang-jung zeh-ihtien-phn tsong, di kuh liang kuh nyung koo-zen yi-la zieu zong thih. kahpih kuh ihban ien-ts-tien-li tsingchi, hyih-ih-hyih i yeu kyi kuh nyung tsingchi, zehkenung da.iah tsing-chi ts nyan-kyi kuh nyung, di kuh taung.tsong wan yeu nyui-nyung, dzong-tsh chah zeh hyau-tuh li-hyang z la too, lau tsenchi paukau nyi kuh deu nau, lau yui-be ming-tsau chi tsauh, Tau ts ming-tsau pha kyi kuh nyung po-seu doo-mung lau ien-ts-tien, tse yeu kyi kuh nyur..g yong-dzang-thi bo tsing chi, khoen-kyien de-laung zen phooeu kuh de,poo, lau tshaung.laung zen tso-ts veh theu-kwaung kuh huh oo, li-hyang-meh zen tien ts kwo kuh sotsau-tung, di kuh too hau Byung zen la chi-kyung-lesi kuh dootoo, de-ts laung veh pih koo yeu yien-yang-dien, tse yeu kyung kuh seu-suha veh sau, ngoo-nyi zieu tsauh.lau noen nyui tshih kuh kuh nyung zen dzongeutshaung dau-tseutse,eule nau ien-ts. tien lau vaung.ts zen fongchi-le, nau yang-dien, tsbauphiau, ha kyeuba lau seusuh. meh ih-zi song-tau zingboovaung li chi, [128]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. LESSON 94 LUNG ZEN-SING-SIH KUH Z-THI. Da-kan te yui sau-soo nyungka kuh zen-sing-sih meh, z yong sia-sing kuh fah-ts, dan z koo-zkan veh yeu Yeu-tsung.iok, tsuh yeu sing-jok, soo-i kyi-fi kyui lau i z mart, 'eu le yeu ts yeu-tsung jok, tsuh iau la -sing laung thih ts yeu-phiau, sing zieu khau-i song tau iau chi kuh di-faung tse. Kaung-tau te yui kong-tsong kuh sing-sih, z yong kauh tsong kuh dan z zien deu iung kuh fah-ts veh hau, z yorig mok-deu khuh ts z lau chi iung la/tshoo kuh ts-deu laung, 'eu le yeu nyung tsoo tsheh weh-z-pan{ kyau ba-z kuh nyung ba hau ts z, yong kyi-chi le iung-seh, zeh ke nung iau bien-taung tuh too, soo-i kauhsang zen yeu pau-kwen, lau yong kyi. chi iung pau. I Dan z di kuh fah-ts wan veh soen kwha,eu lei yeu nyung zau tsheh tang dien-pau kuh zthi, lau seh lih ts dien-pau-jok, la chi-deu seh-lih dien-sien lau dienkoen, zeh dze z veh yong-i da kan nyung zen veh siang-sing, ih kuh tsoyig-deu, khau-i zen singsih tau ih liang van. Ii loo kuh di-faung, yi la zen soen z phien nyung, lau vehnyui dzu. 'A yeu nyung zau yau-yien lau wo, di tsong d.r;u dien-koeri kuh nyung zen z thi nga-kok-nyung tsoo-jiny TA F---H

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, hyi yan, wan yeu kuh nyung wo, yi la z iau le tsien zen veh z kwen-foo tsheh kau-z lau ziang-ziing si-si nau dien-pau kuh z-thi le ka-seh peh yi la thing men di-pan tsong veh khung nyang yi la dzu koen-ts chi le( eu le dien-koen dzu ts chi le nyung lih la koen-ts baung-pien thingJkyien yeu sung iung, zieu chi kyau pien-deu kuh nyung le thing, yi thing ts pennyih, yi wo ngoo hyau-tuh tse, di kuh z kyui-kuh-sung-iung,
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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT z tsenmung kaung e-kok kuh zthi, zieu z wo Tsong-kok kuh pah sing iau di-tshaung kyeukokzu-hyok.kyung,I yeu too-hwo nyung tau kauh-tshu chi yiP-n-seh, kyih-fah sing-tsenle. La 'oo-nensang kuh yah-tsong nong-nyih 'auhdauns" Ii yeu ih kuhauh-sang-ts sing Bang, yi kuh ming-deu kyau Vung-tshau, thing-kyien Tsong-kok ts Zeh-pung lib-ding ts yi kuh zeh.kyeu diau kuh diau iah meh1, yi z wo veh tsheh kuhung, zieu laauh daung Ii yong yi z-ka kuh hvoeh le siavung peh-yau sung,skuhzeu-seu yi tsung kuh chi thiau la Siang-kaung li zing-si kuh. Tse yeu 'auhkong li zui >mhli kuh yau-_tsang, Zients-zoen, tau den laung chi yien-seh,eu-seu yi kaung-tau Zeh-pung-nyung z nanurig kyen-wah, tah ts Tsong-kok kuh koks z na-nung kuh we-hyien, la di kuh z-'eu yi kauh-zah zp:eh-fung pen-saung, vi zieu yi kuh deu, te ts ziang-deu lih-kheh doen-chi lau dzaung-sah tse. Leh-la zuiwe kuh nyung, khoenkyien di tsong tshi-tshoen kuh kyung-hwaung, zen-faung-sung la yi kuh siang-ts li zimg tsheh ih fong sing le, zieu z yi sia peh yi kuh nyi-ts kuh, yi kuh sing laung wo, yi kuh nyi-ts iau ma theh ts katshan lau chi seh ffeth kyeu-kokt wan iau yi chi taung-ping deu.kyuin chi tang te dih./ Stshensang kuh tsangkyuin yia zung. [131 ]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. te yi seu-'au kuh kwen-foo woTsong-kok kuh nyoen-zah, zenz we ts dze.lih tah ts kyuinchi veh tsok kuh yoen-koo wan yeu Tsong-kok kuh pah-sing veh hyau-tu. ska-laung kuh kauhkok, te den Tsong-kok z na-nung yang-suh; zah-zen tsung-tsung iau Tsong-kok veh veh pih-koo iau Tsung-foo tah ts pahsing zaung-'au dong-sing', ,,wan iau pah-sing zing nuh-soen lau taung-ping kuh nyi-voo, !au ny;ing meh pha yi pen dzungzeh kuh nyung le ih tshih kuh z-thi, zeh-ke nung tsoo-fah khan-khan kyeu-kok lau z.lih, dzong e-kok dzu-kyung knh ih tsaung z-thi fah chi tseu-seu, tsung-ka.laung, saung-ka.laung, tah tsauh-ka-laung nyung dzu tsong-soen veh sau, yeu kuh dzu veh chi kuhauh-daurig, yi la zing-nyoen la iung-zeh laung kan-sau ts lau chi dzu, di kuh :a z Tsong-kokauh-ka laung kuh ih-tsaung nyih-sing ekok kuh piau-kyi yan. LESSON 96 LUNG NGE-BUNG Kl)"H Zong ziet1 la di-faung yeu ih kuh nyung, yi kuh ok Ii yeu ih kuh lau-ka-siau la.u ih kuh noen lau ih kuh nyi.ts, di-we lau sien-sang z ting tsoonyung-ka, r-tshien la yung-nyih laung z me [132]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, kuh, yi keh-khe ts zenz zeh-fung fahdah, sooi yi kuh ih-dzuh laung zer. tshung yi la wesiau-khau ng-b-kya., Yeu ih nyien di we lau sien-sang tuh ts zong-bing lau si tse, la yi veh zung ling-tsong kuh zien-deu, yi kau-dan yi kuh nyi-ts sanman kwhe yang-dierf, ping-tshien ting-tsuk yi iau taungtaung sing-sing kuh tsoo z-thr, !au me nyien kuh yong-doo tsuh khau-i yong li-sih lau veh khau-i chi bang pung-dien kuh. Zeh ke meh yi kuh z tsung kuh ih zeh tsau ts yi kuh ya kuh yi-tsok lau tsoo, la yi tsi. me zeh-kyeusoen kuh zung-kwaung, yi tah ts yi kuh nyang zieu yu1-be yi kuh meme tsheh-ka kuh z-thi. Yi kuh meh z iau mien-ts kuh nyung, sooi kyau yi kuh nyi.ts iau too yui-be tien ka tsaung, yi kuh nyi-ts meh zieu tsau ts yi kuh nyang kuh seh-wo lau tsoo tse.Eu le tau nyien-yadeu kyih tsang kuh zung-kwaung ih. soen too yong theh ts ihtshienkwhe yang-dien, yien-dze tsuh dzung yi-man kyieu tshien kwhe yang-dien tse, nanmeh na h kyih lau zieu chi tiau sah tse,eu seu yeu nyung hyautuh we ts di kuh yoenkoo lau si kuh, toohwo nyung zen wo, di kuh sau. yien nyung tsung-tsung siang veh tshe lau bung chi veh hvau-tuh vi tsuh yeu ih kub me-me, kyung--nyien meh ka tsi-me lau dong dien yong tuh too khe nyien veh ka sa tsime zieti khaui sang tse,oo pih iau zing si nyi.

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAl DIALECT, LESSON 97 LUNG HWALJNG-NYIEN KUH KHOO-KYUNG. kyi-nyien taung-tsong pok faung kyi-sang zen tsau zah hwaung-nyien, ting khoo-nau kuh iau seen San-tong-sang, zien-nyien oen-hwaung kyung-ny1en s-tsen, chi-deu tsau zah hwaung--nyien wan khau-i koo-clfi, iung-we yeu di-faung khau-i chi dih-zung-liang, jong-nyungsoen-zen>,hoowan khau-i yangweh sing-ming. Soo-i hyang-'au lau dzung-li kuh nyung zen siang lau poaung thien laub ts doc-yui rneh zieu yeu liang-zeh kha u-i tsheh tsea-li hyau-tuh ih. nyien too kong foo zung-jeu koen tuh thien ziang kuh lau di ziang kuh thih, men thien zen z 'ong-nyih-deu lau ih-banbok-yuin a rn-meh. Kyau-ka kuh di-faunga z hwaung-nyien, soo-i iau chi dih liang m-meh dih, khoo tuh m-rneh fah-ts tsuh hau nau waung-nyi hen-la rnien-fung li tshong-tshong kyi, di kuh c}mh we tseu-seu nau zu-bi pokau le taung van chuh,a yeu kuh nau zu-kung wah tsheh le chuh. zah-zen yeu ka-sang ok-z siang-tsok-z dzeu-i-zaung zen nau.tau dzung.li chi taung,a yeu too-hwo-nyung nau vaungts kuh zan-liau tshahau le chi ma theh, zuh tau yeu ts meh-z m. [134]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, nyung iau ma, yell! dong-dien kuh nyung wan khau-i tsheh ts kyui ka-dien chi dih liang, dan-z hyangau nyung tsung-tsung z khoo nau, iau dau nyi m-dau tshu, iau dih-liang nyi mmeh dong-dien chi dih, soo-i tsuh hau tung-la ok li ngoosah. 'A yeu kuh nyung chi thiau la tsingf li tse yeu kuh nyung da-ka diau-wen siau-noen le chub', pi-faung yeu nyung iau dau tsheh chi meh,a pih ding iau kyi kuh nyung keh-ts ih de lau tsheh chi, r tshien sung laung wan iau ta-tau khong-pho bang-zah ngoo-juh kuh nyung iau nau yi.la sah le chuh, dan-z dau tsheh chi kuh nyung vi-pihkvien-tuh zen veh si. Yeu too-hwa nyung we ts ngoo lau tseu veh dong, si la pen-loo-laung, lau a yeu kuh peh za-laung thung chuh, soo-i doo-loc-l~ung zen-z nyung kweh-deu, khoen-kyien ts zeh-dze taung.Z nen-faung kuh nyung thing-kyien ts di kuh sing-sih, zieu fah e-lien-kuh-sing juh-lih kyoen dong-dien chi tseu-tsi. soe-zen dong-dien kycen tuh vehsau, danz we ts jong. nyung koo vung too !au le-veh-ji kyeu, soo-i ih doopen nyung i-kvum! tornrsah !au mrno-sah. Hwaung-ny-ien wan veh-zung koo-chi kyung-nyien yi bang-zah doo-s, nau vaung-ts tshok veh too zen meh theh tse, nyung i saung tuh veh sau, dzong di-kuh laung khoenchile, ngoo,nyi zu la Zaung-be kuh nyung iungke sang ken-zia kuh sing, 'iung-we [135]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. ngoo-nyi ih tien veh-zung zaung-zah zehke kuh khoo-mi. LESSON 98 LUNG ZEH-PUNG KOK LAU ZEH-PUNG-NYUNG. Kyui dzen 'au le kuh wo, Zeh-pung z. dzong Tsong-kok fung tsheh ciii lmh, hau ziang Me-kok dzong Iung-kok fung tsheh le kuh nung/ ,L_?: Tsoen-kok z-den Zing-kok li yeu ih kuh da-zung kyau Zi-fok,' kaung tau di kuh zung-ts kuh tsoo-nyung hyang le z tsongsing lau dzung-zeh, r-tshien tshong-ming lctu too-yeu kyi.,r.eu, yi khcen-kyien yi kuh Waung-ti tsoo too-hwo wang-yung-peh-fah kuh Z.thi, yi sing-li nan-lyoo tuh-juh, yi chi choen Waung-ti veh iau tsoo, Waung~ti veh thing, yi we-deu Waung ti veh-khung faung yi chi, tau meh-kyah yi yong kyitshah the-deu ti chi mih sien-tshau, ling-ts ng-pah kuh dong-nen, lau ngpah kuh dong-nyui, ih-dau koo ts he-yang lau tau ih kuh he-tau, zieuz yien-dze kuh Zeh-pung-tau, yi.la zieu zaung-ngoen lau su } 1-fah zu la laung.Eu le di kuh ih-tshien kuh nyung lau dzen-tsong-tsih-den,' dzung-kong ih kuh siau-kok-doo, zieu-z yien-dze kuh Zeh-pung-kok yan, dan-z di kuh seh-wo veh-hyau-tuh z chah zeh kuh nyi wan-z veh chah-zeh kuh, iung-we s-kyi laung yeu kuh di-faung dzo-khau chi-le z yeu tse. Pih-koo [136]

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    . LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALCET. >rnung tau nyung kuh mien-siang, sung-phe kuh dzang-toen, bi seh kuh huh-bah,, lau ts-ngen-bih-den z tah Tsong-kok nyung tsho hev too kuh, yeu' kuh Zeh-pung nyunganh ts ihkheu Tsong-kok wo, Tsong-kok nyung zka a fnng-bih veh-tsheh yi z nga-koknyung, sooi zien-nyien ti-ts Zeh-hoo, lauauh-sang-ts bokhoo knh z-'eu yeu too-hau Zeh-pung nyungtsah-ts Tsong-kok nyung kuh jeu-tsokpoo dzang-san, lau wi;ing la Tsong-kokauh-sang.ts taung-tsong yeu sing tshaung-'od, i-ts peh too-hau nyung khoen-chung lau wo, 'auhsang-ts zeh-ke veh kaung zing-li. We ts di kuh yeu kyi-kuh ling-zieu kuhauhsang-ts sing-Ii zeh-fung ieu-zeu lau tsong iau siang ih kuh fahtsuh tshehle kyih:clonglauke-tsung tshaung'oo kuh nyung, dan-z yi-la ihzdeulaung zing vehzaha. li ky; kuh z veh hau kuh nyung, lau tsuh hau lieu-sing meh-kyah peh yi-la zing-tsheh le z kyi kuh Tong-yang-auh-sang mau ts Tsong-1,rnk-nyung lau longwa yi la kuh kwekyui. Iau zing tsheh yi tau-ti z Tong-yang-nyung wan z T ong-kok-nyung yeu liang-yang z-thi khaui koentsung ming-beb', ih, z yi la seu loo kuh yang-seh, soe-zen tsah-ts tseu chi le yi la sang-chi tsong-kwe wo veh te kuh, zah-zen nong veh siangsing khaui zoen-bien kyiz ss khoen, [137]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. LESSON 99 LUNG IH KUH SIAU-NOEN ZAUNG DOO KA. Tsong-kok z ih kuh juh-doo kuh kok, ih-gong yeu zeh-pah,ang, yeu ih-sang kyau Sa!iltong-sang, zieu-z la pok-pien, di doo !au nyung too, yeu ih-pak zeh-tshih zoo dzung, sang-dzung kyau Tsi-nen-foo. La San-tong yeu ih nyung sing Pien kyau Tuhi, yi kuh n z s-zeh-kyi soen, yi dzu la hyang-'au, li-khe dzung da iah kyi-seh.li loo. Yi yeu ih-pah-too-m
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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, kauh yang kuh meh-z thiau tau ka-laung chi ma ma, chi ma meh-z kuh nyunga hyautuha li ih-nyih meh yeu sa kuh meh-z, sooi stshupah-faung le ma mehz kuh nyung z ting-too lau, ting nau mang, hau-ziang nyi Zaunghe Zing-oen-dz-loo kuh s-nyoehtshoo pah dcoveh sang-nyih kuh z-mi,m, Saung-hyi lienmaung we deu yi kuh ya wo,ngoo iau chi kuh., LESSON 100 LUNG IH KUH SIAU NOEN ZAUNG DOOKA 'AU PEN DOEN. di-nyi-nyili thie,n ih liang liang kuh nyung zieu lok.chi-le, kha-mlen chub tsauvali, i kuh ih-nyih tsah ts sing its sing-mauts, lau tshoen ts sung zenzsing kuh yi kuh ya ta hau ts dong-dien ling-nga kyau ih kuh yong-nyung tah yi-la ih-dau chi, mg we iau kyau yi nau dzung-li ma kuh meh z thiau,tsen le lau. Tseu ts san s kuh tsong deu,eu le tau dzung. li tse,1 tau ts i-deu yi la sien zaung vantien li chi ch uh-van, chuh hau ts van meh tau kalaung chi ma mehz. Yi la sien tau bithanlaung chi ma bi,/ khoen-le khoenCkhi m meh hau kuh bi, tsuh yeu ihtsang doo kuh wan soo-i [139]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, Tuh-i zieu ma ts di tsang doo Saung-hyi wo, Ingoo iau tau siau-di-di ma ih-ting-mau-ts/dan z ngoo veh Pahpah thi ngoo ma-ih-ma, ts ngoo iau ta tsen chi song peh yi lati,,,yi kuh ya zieu thi yi ma ih-ting lau, tse ma ih tsah siau kuh 'ong-'ah-ts, nga-mien hau-khcen, clan z tong-si veh da hau ]au ma-kyui kuh, yi i ma ts ng-tsah siau-den-tung lau pah tsah
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    LESSONS IN Tr-rn SHANGH,,1 DIALECT. soo-yi-la wo yi khoen-kyien-tien lau sa, thing-kyien-tien sa, di kuh tsung-tsung ziang zok-nyui-wo, "hyang-au-nyung laung ts ih-diau ka ts-po kaung tuh hwa., LESSON No. IOI LUNG FAH-DZEPHIAU KU HE NYUNG. Soo-tseu tshe-phiau-tien la zien-nyien 'au-thien kuh z.eu pihkoo ng lok ka:, chi ma phiau-ts kuh nyunga man sau, sooi sang-i veh da fah-dah, tau ts tshili)u-thien, yeu ih-ka tshe-phiautien li ma tsheh ts ih-tsang deu-tshe, nan meh da-ka zen siang fah-dze lau zen chi ma tshe-phiau tse, ma kuh nyung kyi-zen zeh-ke.too, tshe-phiautiena dzien-dzien nung khe tuh too tse, yien-dze da.iah yeu ih. pak-ka. Yeu kuh me-nyih khau-i ma ng lok seh kwhe yang-dien, yeu kuh ih-nyi pak kwhe, zehke-meh me ban tshe-phiau.tien thong tsha chi-le me ih nyih khau-i ma ih-pakkwhe yang-dien, lau ih-pak ka ih gong iau ma ihman-kwhe, lau ih kuh nyoen iau sanseh-man yang-dien tse, chi veh siang tau Socf tseu tsong veh nung keu nyoeh-nyoeh tuh-tsong deutshe kuh, pi,faung peh i nyoeh-nyoeh ke-meha pihkoo ng lok man yang-dien, lau di kuh ng lok man yang-dien, pih koo tsien san-seh-man kuh ng lok [141]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. vung ts ih, zeh ke pi-kyau chi-le khau-i hyau tuh ma tshe-phiau z ih tsaung ting veh keh-soen kuh z-thi yan.-' Soo-tseu zeh-keh, bih kuh di-faung yeh.zen-zu-tsh, hwaung.tshien tsong-phiau kuh nyung kyoeh veh nung-keu dzang-kyieu foo-kwen kuh, ziang ngoo yeu ih kuh ling-so sing Kok yi pung le z tsoo Ii kuh hoo-kyi, yi long-beh-siang chi ma ts ih-diau-tshe-phiau, kyung-zen peh y1 tsong ts ih kuh deu tshe, lau tuh-zah ts theh ts kyeu-ng.kheu, khe siau pau-hyi lau saung-dien ih-gong youg theh ts ng-pakyang-dien,eu-le tshing.tshing yi kuh bangyeu lau tshing kyoen i yong theh ts ng-pak-kwhe, yi i-we tsong ts deu-tshe !au veh we tuh jong tse, lien~maung nau sang-i kau-the lau we tau ok-li m nyih biau !au too !au zoo-mo-tsho !au chuh-da-tshe, veh tau san kuh nyoeh nau s-tshien yang-dien yong tuh koen-koen zing-zing, r tshien wan sang ts ih-sung dok.tshaung,eu le yi tse iau siang chi tsoo lau-pung-aung dan z msa-nyung iau yi, iung we siang tau yi i-kyung chuh-kwan yong-kwan !au sung laung i sang ts ih sung koo-nyung-tshaung, veh pbe tsoo tsung-loo kuh sangi,eu le yi tsuh hau ma-ma koo-nyih-kyah, zeh-ke khoen-chi e chi zeh z 'e nyung va ? [142 ]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, LESSON 102 KUNG KONG-TUH. Kong.tuh liang-kuh z tau ti z-sa-kaseha? Zieu-z veh lunir tsoo sa z-thi veh khau-i tsuh koo z-ka lau veh siang tau bih-nyung-, pi-faung iau tsoo ih tsaung z-thi, zah-zen te bih-nyung yeu wa.tshu/ lau te z-ka yeu hautshu tsaung z-thi zieu veh-iung-ke tsoo, fan tsen le wo thaung-zen te bih-nyung zen yeu ih-tshu, }au te z-ka m-sa kuh z-thi tsoo kuh. Kaung tau nyung meh zieu-z dong-veh taung-tsong kuh ih-tsong, lau khau-i tshung we dong-veh ting-tsungkwe kuh 'a khau-i tshungwe vanveh-tslingt', we sa lau nyung khau-i yeu di kuh tshung-boo nyi, veh-z we ts nyung yeu ts-kyok, iung we bih kuh dong-veha yeu ts-kyok kuh,a veh-z we ts nyung yeu tshongming, iungwe kau-tung kuh dong-veha yeu tshong-ming kuh,a veh-z we ts nyung yeu hau-khoen kuh sung-thi, iung-we weh-sung tsho-veh-too ziang-nyunga veh-z we ts nyung we tuh kaung-seh. wo iung we angkoo 'a we tuh wo-seh-wo kuh, k h-meh tau-ti we sa lau nyung-khau-i tshung-we van-vehtslingl zieu-z we ts nyung yeu kong-tuh lau jung-seu mmeh kong-tuh yan. Yein-dze kuh s. de ting veh zah-zong kong-tuh kuh meh, zieu z Tsong-koknyung, [143]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. pi-faung ziang kong-gong kuh yeu-hyi dzang, yi la yeh hyau-tuh chi tau iau chi long lau!longwa i, tse yeu ziang kong-yoen-li kh hwo-tshau-zu-moW, veh hyau-tuh chi e-sih wan iau chi tsau-thah, pi-faung, yeu sa kong-ih kuh z.thi, yi la veh hyau tuh chi siangpaung, tau iau dzong.tsongtshui-li, 1soo-i dzang. tsang za bihkok nyung khoen-chung lau hau-siau.1 Dan z si-si nung dzo-ih-dzo nyung veh z pung le mmeh kong-tuh kuh, pih-koo yi la hweh-liah lau veh chi khau-kyeu yan, hau ziang ih-mien kyung-ts te.tsih ts kyau-kwan hwe-dzung, i-ts yi veh nung tsau-yau, zeh-ke-nung ngoon i veh khau-i wo di-mien kyung-ts pungle veh khau-i tsau kuhl, tsuh khau-i wo di-mien kyung-ts we ts veh zung kha-koen-zing lau tsau veh tsheh, Tsong kok yeu ih kuh yeu ming-chi kuh dok-su-nyungMangfoo-ts 'a wo koo, nyung tah ts iung-seu pi chi le tsung-tsungtnepan ih ngan, nyung zah-zen kong-tuh zieu pien-zung-kong jungseu, lau jung-seu zah zen yeu kong-tuh meh zieu khau-i tshung we nyung, zeh ke khoen chi le van-i nyung mmeh kong-tuh meh z1eu-r; Jung-seu yan.

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. LESSON No. 103 LUNG PIEN DING WANUG-PAU-TSHO KUH KA-MO K.PIAU. Tsong-kok kok-dzung kokz yien-dze i-kyung sehlih ts toohau waung-pau-tsho-kong-s,/ yeu nga-kok-nyung tsoo-tsuh kuh,a yeu Tsong-kok-nyung tsoo tsuh kuh, sooi kyau-tong meh man bien taung; dan z tsootsuh laung khoen-chi.le pih-koo z veh zung kuh, ke-meh sa kuh v nyi, zieu z wan veh zung yeu ih ding kuh ts mmeh kamok-piau i kuh bi-bing z ting too.N goo yiendze iau kan kyiyang phoothong kuh le tsho-foo ih bangzah zoo-khah zieu khe-kheu hahth,au tsho-dien, ziang yeu kuh nyung tab yi kaung-ding tsong-tien,I nan z yi yeu i kuh man-man kyau bau, lau tank,bk kong-foo, soe-zen yeu ting kyih kuh z-thi yi 'a veh thi-sih kuh,/ziang yeu kuh nyung veh da tsheh le zoo ts kub,,, ke z yi-la kung-ka iau hyui pau loo-zung lau hah thau ka tse. I Jung-le ngoo thing-kyien ngoo kuh bang-yeu wo yi tshing ngan khoen-kyien ih kuh nym-nyung sung-laung tsah tuh man-z. loo kuh, dzong Sienrs-kong-s tsheh le kyau waungpautsho tau Young-oenkongs, tshots-nyung thau yi ih-kauh sseh-dien, di [145]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGH;\l DIALECT. kuh nyui-nyung wan yi ihkauh nyan-dien, nan meh waungpau tsho-foo zieu the ts yi ih-zeh zau Si.zaung-loo chi, teu ih kuh choen ts lau tau Yongoen-kong-s. Ngo6 wo di kuh tsho-foo wan soenhau, iungwe yi di kuh nyuinyu:,'ig loo veh suh lau wan veh zung khau yi doo kuh bi bing soe-zen zien z ts heh la tsho-foo kuh seu-li, si-si-nung siang:Lih-siang, veh yeu ka-mokpiau 'a ung-ke U tsuhzung kuli, di~pan tsho-foo z;rn-lieuzoen-we. iau pomaung yi.la zing-kwedau-kyui lau tsau li-soo stioo, tshientsong-nantuh-ih, we ts di kuh yoen-koo po rnaung van-yi la z-mien-laung yeu]oen.s, yeu kyiensuh kuh nyung khung di-tshaung lau thi yi-la ding ih-kuh ka.mok-piau, dien-tsho kuh zan-deu, dzong meu-meu di-faung soen lau .tau meumeu di-faung soen tsong-tien, kuh zing-gwam.li khoen i loo kuh yoen-iung lau pien-ding kuh dif<\,'Ung veh bi9fhtaung tsau di-tien lau soen, ke-meh khaui tsau li-soq-soerr, nung-keu zehke tsoo-fah zoo.-tsho-ts kuh nyung kliau-i veh'~zeu kaung.ka-dien kuh len, lau the t!,ho.ts kuh nyunga khaui mi~;n,-theh tsang-lung tsho-kaJ.;uh tshaU:-nau tse. [146]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. LESSON No. 104 iiffB LUNG YEU-KWEN DZUNG NGA. La zien-nyien kuh ng-nyoeh tshoosan, Tsangka kuh tsang.ts, tau ngoo kuh ok-li le, keh ngoo tau dzung-nga-deu chi khoen behsiang, thih tsung i nyih ngoo veh yeu z-thi, la.u iung hyui yi ih-dau chi yeukwen, nanmeh zieu tau leu laung chi kha .ts mien, wen ts i-zaung, lau ta ts tshau-mau, ],;mg szi.ts men,ngoo-nyi liang-ka-deu, zieu tsheh-dzung-chi tse. Ih tshehts-dzun~mung, khoel)rnuh nyung kuh kheu-iung, mien-khonga veh z ih-yang kuh. Ye,11 kuh haui-zaung, yeu kuh thok-deu, yeu kuh ta tshaumau; yeu kuh kaung-zah-deu, yeu kuh song lau-nyang-ka tau yang-yang zen yeu kuh. Yi. la kuh sung-iunga veh-dong, yeu tsien-le-si kuh sang-chi wo di. ang, yeu doo-le-si kuh sung-iung kaung i-yanf!. La t)en kuh nga-mien m '.loo-laung yeu kuh th -deu/ yeu ma; tshen knh, 1yeu ma bung kuh, yeu ma wen kuh, ye11 ma-tung kuM, la mo-loo kuh piendeu yeu kuh lih-la loo-laung,' [14-7]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, doc-wen la hah-lang-dzo, wan yeu dzang-mien-khong nyien-nyung khau la chub nyih-men-deu, ting ok-yung kuh meh, zieu-z ih klljl ng-seh-too soen kuh lau-nyiennyung, tshuh-sung-loc-thi, zco la pan-tung-laung yong-nyih-s la zing-kyah. Pung-le ngoo siang iau ma kyi-yang-ling-se mehz, ta tsenchi song-song-nyung, dan-z ngoo dong-dien veh-zung-ta, sung-pien tsuh yeu san kuh dong-kauhts, tsen chi nau meh le veh iuh tse, tsuh-hau veh ma. LESSON No. 105 LUNG YEU-KWEN DZUN6 NGAAU-PEN-DOEN. Eu le Tsang-sien-sang nan-meh ngoo zieu mung yi tsia ts ih-kwhe kyi-kauh-yang-dieri, la-i-kwhe yeu ih-ban-tien z ting-doo, i kuh tsau-ba kyau yeu kauh-yang kuh tongsi, tsoo-kuh, sikuh, huh-kuh, bah-kuh, henga le kuh 'a yeu, pung-dzung kuha yeu irnuh yeu kauh-ka dan z tong-si a I-deu yeu ih tsah siau-dong-keu, ngoo mung yi sa-ka-dien, yi ngoo veh than-hyui-deu, ah-gah-zeh-zeh ng,kauh-doo-yangngoo wo,tliuh kyui, ma veh chi kuh,,ngoc-nyi zieu tseu tse. yi han lau wo,le a, le pah pah seh dien ba, engoo zieu wan yi s-kauh-siau-yang, yi i wo, [148]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. tse ka ngfung, zoenbien nong iau lau vehiau, zieu z skauh O 'a z zehpung kuh, we tsehchi-le,a tsuh-pih-koo ng-pah kyi-seh nanrpeh ngoo zeu nau c;-kauh-pen-yang-dien ma ts i tsah-keu. 1 Ngoonyi tse tseu kyi-boo, tau ts khoenkyien ih kuh nyung la yi seh kuh su z san-kok.ts, yeu ih-liang-pak kuh nyung lih-la i-deu thing, yi seh tau seh tuh man hau kuh, ke lau nyung zen hwen-hyi thing. l)l"yi tau i-deu iau seh-haukwha tse, thihtsung la teudong-dierl. Nyi tse dzau tong tseu khoen-kyien yeu ih kuh siau-su-than, yeu ih kuh nyung la teu koo-loo-nyung ma ih khekeu meh, ngoo zieu hyau-tuh yi z kuh, iung-we yi wo, tsh-di kuh su veh z ma, z pen-song penma, na khoen di-pung Mo-thafok-iu ma pah z ts-deu ]au iung-konga veh-keu kuh, Mo-tha-fok-iung z kyau-we-li kuh su yan. LESSON No. 106 LUNG TSIENLEU. Kau tung zung-doo kuh mok-de-zeh, zieu z yang yi kuh seu, chung-chung-nung la nyung-ka i-de nga-mien ih mok,,;zieu hyau tub la deli yeu nyungphiau nyi veh yeu nyungphiau, zah-zen deli kuh meh-z, z singtsah ok z bib-yang kuh ts-tsang, ih kyung yi [149 ]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. la kuh tsih-deu bang-koo, zieu ih-mok.liauzen tse, di tsong kuh zung-doo z dzong yi too-nyien kuh kyung-nyien lau tuh le kuh. La yi thoen tuh meu-meu nyung yeu dong-dien kuh kuh zeh-'ang mok-de kuh nyung, zieu iau tsoo tsheh ih. tsong enl'au, veh lung z khuhseu,okz tsooseus, s tuh yi kuh dong-ben, khau-i hyau-tuh lau oen-ba we-ts, yi kuh zeu-zah mokde kuh nyung kuh kauh lih ih kuh m::ik-de-zeh, lau yi kuh zeh-'ang mok-de kuh nyung, lih-la taung-tsong, we-ts oen-ba hautse,eu le meh'lih-la zienmien kuh nyung, hyaqgeu ih-dzaung, lau lih la eumien kuh nyung, hyang-zien ih-the; lau lih la taung tsong kuh mok-de-zeh zieu zung-kyi yon6-seu sung-tau deli chi mok, lau wan yeu ih-tsahseu nau sing-vung-ts le tso-meh-ts yi tsah mok-de kuh de li kuh-meh-z zieu peh yihrfi. Ngoo-nyi zah-zen bangzah di tsong the-dzaung kuh zing-iung, la dien-tsho-laung kung-ka iau taung-sing, zieu iung ke nau nyi kuh seu mok-lau deli kuh dong-dien, lau pen yi we. ts,ok-z tsu.i tsoo yeu ling-jung kuh nyung, yi tung molde-de kuh ts tig.ji yi la ih-hyih-kong-foo zieu we lien. khe ncng lau chi tse,'-iung-we zeh nyung sing hyui yan. [150]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, LESSON 107 LUNG KYAU-NGAU PIH IAU TIH-TAU. La di-faung le-le chi-chic beh-siang kuh z ting-too>!au kauh tsong siau-sang-i kub than-deu 'a veh satl, ne-tsong yeu ih-than z ma.joen-deu kuh, 4i kuh nyung sing Tsang, yi kuh sing-zing kho-_keu/, yeu ih nyih 'aupen-nyih chi lih la yi kuh s-tseu-we khoen yi tang-joen kuh nyung tsong-yeu too, di kuh sing Tsang kuh nyung zieu te tsongnyung wo ngoo rneh sing Tsang ming-deu kyau Tshien-kyung z San-tong yeu ming-chi kuh joen-kau-s, veh ziang yien-dze kuh ik-pan hah-pa-ka-ts kuh nyun'g, na taung tsong yeu tsing-thong jcen-zeh kuh nyung khau-i. tsheb le tah ngoo pi-voo pi-voo khoen Thih tsung la zeh-ke seh doo-wo kuh zung-kwaung hweh-zen zong nyung taung-tsong tseu tsheh ih kuhoo-zaung le, hyang Tsang kong-seu lau wo,ngoo 'auh-sang-ts zing-nyoen le tshing lau-s ts-kyau ts-kyau lau tah nong pi-ih-pi.LaTsang seh doo-wo kuh z-'eu yi saing m nyung ken tsheh le tah yi pi-voo kuh, 'a li hyau tuh yien-dze tau tsung kuh yeu nyungken tsheh-le tah yi pi.voo tse, yi doo-doo-li
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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, wo "ngoo kyoehveh au.!au.,Nan-meh wo ming kauh-nyung san-joen,oo-zaung sien nyang Tsang-tshienkyung tang, 'Tsang yong yi ih-sung kuh chi-lih lien tang san-joen, siang veh tau yi ih dong a veh dong eu le meh Tsang tsau-yang tang, di ih joen tang zaung chi nau Tsang-tshien-kyung yau-liang-yau, di nyi ioen tang zaung chi nau yi tang tuh tih-tau la zeh-kyi-tshah kuh nga-deu, khoen khah zen phah-seu lau huh-tshan,oo-zaung lien-maung nau Tsang tshien-kyung tshan chi le te yi kong-seu lau wo,siau-'oo-zaung m-meh-li tshing nong lau-s nyau-so., La di kuh zung-kwaung Tsang z nan-we-zing tub miendeu 'ong-tsang, lih khuh nau yi kuh seu-zeh ts lau chi tse, 'eu-seu yeu nyung tuh di kuh 'oo-zaung kuh nyung wo, di kuh z Nen-kyung nen-mung nga-deu meu-meu miau li kuh pau-piau yi z tsing-thong joen.zeh kuh nyung, khau i ti-dih zeh-k:vi kuh yef lih kuh yi yien-dze tau ih kuh nyung tang-tang, yong.liha veh pih yorig, zieu khau i tang tub tau yi tse. LESSON No. 108 LUNG IH WE SAU-NYIEN-NYUNG LAUH CHOEN-THAU La Kwan-tong di-faung, yeu ih kuh nyung sing Waung, yi kuh [152]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, launyang-ka yan_g yi kuh zungkwaung, yi kuh nyienkyi i-kyung yeu ng-zeh too soen tse, tsau sang kuh z s kuh nyui-noen, soo-i di kuh siau-di-di ih-ka-mung zen ting hwe-hyi yi, iung we yi z lau-lets, i z yi kuh ya di yi kuh ming-z k_yau Vanzien. 1 Me nyoeh ts meh yi la tah yi thideu, lau we ts yi ban tsieu !au tshi g-khah, le dau-hyi kuh nyung veh sau, song le kuh lia z ting to6, di kuh siaupaupau veh zung thi-deu kuh zung-kwaung z huh-deu waung-mien hong, thi-ts deu 'eu-seu, pien ts waung-deu waung-mien-khong tse,eu le yi dzien-dzien nung tsang-doo chi le lau. me-nvih tau 'auh-daung:.li chi dok su. tsau zunit deu pah tien too tsong chi lau ya kwha ng-tien too tsong tsen le, tau ts zeh lok tshih soen meh yi veh tau 'auh-daung li chi tse, zieu tung la ok Ii siang paung yi kuh iau-kyung kuh zthi, yeu kuh zurig. kwaung: yi kuh ya 'a tang-fah yi tau dzung-li chi ma tong-si. Yeu ih nyih yi tau dzung li zeh-hootien Ii chi den-thi yi kuh ah-tsi ma pen-tang iang-bing hyang-s, lau ih-ah thih. mo, thih-tsung yi foo wen dong-dien kuh zungkwaung, yeu ih kuh sung-laune; tsah tuh manphiau-liang kuh nyung tsing le, mung Vanzien wo,tsung sing ,yi WO,bi sing Waung-,,i yi wo,siau-ming Vanzien,,eu le di kuh nyung wongoo 'a sing Waung, ming-z kyau Bah-tuh, ngoo le [153]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT'.; zing kuh bang.-yeu ngoo i-kyung zing ts vi s ng nyih ]au, veh ziing zing zah kuh.,Yi tse kan-soo yi wo, yi kuh bang-yeu yeu ih-khwe di la dzung nga-deu !au ih dzuh be Van-zien tseu !au tseu koo ts kyi-diau ka, tau ts dzung-mung. kheu lau khan-khan fung loo kuh. Kah ts kyi-nyih Van-zien i t_au dzung Ii chi thi yi krih ya ma tien meh-.z lau, tau dzien-tsaung laung chi tang tien nyung-ts, yi tau d.zung li kuh z-'eu, i-kyung san-tien-too-tsong tse, yi ih tsing khoen-kyien zien-kyi-nyih bang-zah-koo kuh nyung: tah ts wan yeu ih kuh s zeh-too-soen kuh nyung ih~dau la bah-wo, yi kuh sing kuh nyung ih khoen-kyien Van-zien, zieu tseu-koo-le wo,di kuh z ngoo kuh bang-yeu, kyau Kau-hau-seu,,nan-meh zieu mung Van zien wo,nong yiendze tau a-li chi a?we dou dzien tsaung laung chi,,nanmeh yi la liang wo,ngoonyi tah nong ih dau chiveh too ih hyih yi la san kuh nyung tau ts dzien-tsaung laung tse. LESSON 109 LUNG IH-WE SAU-NYIEN-NYUNG LAUH CHOEN-THAUAU-PEN-DO EN. Di-ban dzien-tsa.ung laung kuh lau-pan nyqng-tuh Van-zien [154]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, soo-i zieu tsbing yi tau li-hyang chi yong dzo, lau nau kyi-seh-lianir nyung-ts peh Van-zien, lau kyau yi hau-hau-nung ta.tsen chi, i wo. ngoo wan yeu ih-ngan tsboo kub li-veh,a tshing nong ta-ta chi peh nong kuh lau-nyang-ka,nan-meh yi zieu nau tsheh ih-dzoo nga-kok kub doo-tsongle faung la den-ts laung, Hau-seu wo, yeu ih-kwhe nau-i pau-chi-le, ih-deu wo ih-deu pau, Bah-tuh wo,,ngoo 'a yeu ih-kwhe kycen-deu khau-i yong ngoo kuh kyoen-deu le pau nyung-ts,,nan-meh Van-zien zieu nau yi kuh le pau ts tseeu-le Hau-seu wo, di-tsah-tsong kuh kyung-liang tau veh-chung, ngoo le thi nong ling-tau dzung-mung-kheu-ba, i-ban dzien-tsaung z la dzung~taung-tsong kuh, soo-i tsiang-iau tau kuh i -kyung ka-laung tseu-le-kco-chi kuh nyung veh-too, tau ts Saung-hau kuh Hau-seu wo,,ngoo iau-ma-ih saung-'a.ts, yi zieu tsing-chi nau tsong Van-zien tah-ts Bah-tuha c!J.i tse, Van-~ien nau nyungts faung la tsong kuh baung-pien, di-ban 'a-ts tien Ii kuh boo-kyi tau dzo tsbeh le peh yi la chub, chub kuh z-'eu Hau-seu nau ihsaung 'a-ts tsbeh le peh Van-zien khoen, !au mung yi wo,di-saung a-ts hau veh. hau, zieu nau 'a.ts le la, yi khoen kuh zung-kwaung Bah-tuh zieu nau ih kuh seu-kyung-pau tsheh le, [155]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. lau nau i pau nyung-ts wen theh tse, yi wen kuh fah-ts kyau-kwankwha, Van-zien tah Hau-seu la bah-wo !au ih ngan veh khoen-kyien 'eu-le ma-hau-tsa.ts Bah-tuh wo,ugoo yeu ih-ngan siau-z-thi hu seh be-tse, tse we-ba,'wo hau zieu tseu, Hau-seu song-tsheh ts dzung.munga zieu we tsen chi tse.Eu le Vanzien tau ts ok-li nau nyung.tspau ka-khe.le, tsuh khcen-kyien ih-kwhetsen-deu lau nyung-ts veh-kyien-tse, soo-i nyien-chung kuh nyung dok ts di khoosu iau kyi-lau, tsheh-chi ma mehz meh tso11g-veh-iau. tah mah-sang-nyung toe-seh-too-wo LESSON 110 LUNG IH-TSAUNG HYIEN KUH Z-THI. Zien lipaih thihtsung z uyi au-li a fong-kwan lau msa z.tlii, nan meh ngoo yui-sien ding-taung nyih laung iau tau Sootseu chi beh-siang siang, tau ts zeh nyoeh zehau n;oo zieu ling-ts ngoo kuh nezung lau ng-oo kuh doonyi-ts, tshuni ts dm-pan hoo tsho dong-sung tau Soo-tseu chi tse. Tau ts Sootseu yi-la moo-ts.liang-kuh zoo-ts jau-ts lau ngoo ji-ts li-ts lau kung la yi la kuheu-pe. Kaung tau li-ts kuh sing-zing z jang lau iau chi mah sang-nyung kuh, zahzen li-foo kuh sang-chi i veh z i kuh seu veh chi chien i, di-tsah tsongsang zieu iau fah bi-chi [156]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. lau veh-khung tseu tau hwa.Ii chi tse, veh too ih h vih nyi tau ts Hoo-cheu-san tse. Chuh bats tsong-van nyi tse t;rn Siycen chi behsiang le meh we tan dooka lanng chi tseu i)( 11[ tseu ]au ma ts tien doo-zah-ha we tau ho8 tsho-zan. Tau hootsho laung nyi tung kuh zoo-we zeh zoo-me tse, ngoo-nyi san kuh nyung tseh hau nan ts meh-z tau chi zoo. Tsi ts meh nga-deu yeu nyung thi nyi nau mung kwan chi-le, ngoo wets tseu le nyih lau nau mokwo thehau-le pih-koo tsah ts bau!au mokah.Tau ts Zaung-he 1woo iau nau mung khe khe ziang yeu la nga-rnien nau rnung the dzu !au khe veh khe, 'eu-le khe khe le ngamien ih kuh yeu woo-soo kuh Si-kok nyung ngoo sung-pien, Ian liang tsah sen ge h kynng ts, !au te ngoo maung den ngoo veh lieu sing eu-seu ngoo nyi-siug wesa di kuh Si-kok nyung zehkeh gab la ngoo temien, veh hyautuh ah z iau tshorw ngoo kuh dong-dien va? Ngoo siang zah ts di kuh nyan-deU: ngoo lienmaung sung ngoo kuh seu mok ngoo den den Ii kuh bi-kahts 'a-Ii hyau-tuh ih mok, mok zah ts di kuh Si-kok nyung kuh seu la ngoo kuh den-Ii ngoo kuh bi-kah-ts, lau ngoo kuh bi-kah.ts i-kyung pen-tsah peh yi la tsheh le tse, ngoo lien maung ha ntsonh-zeh! tsauh zeh" yi hah lau bau tau san tung Ii dau tseu theh tse, tsung tsunzyuin-chi [157]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. yeh-zen-meh, ngoo iau yisuh ih-pah ng-sehkwhe yang dien kuh lau ih tshien lok pah liang nyung-ts kuh ih tsang tsaung phiau. LESSON Ill LUNG KYI KYUI MIEN-LI KUH KYUI-TS. I, Tsoo z-thi veh pho tsoo veh dzun6kon6, tsuh pho m-meh dzan1e-sing tsoo. 2. Z-ka kwen z-ka zieu z z-yeu kuh kung-pung, iau z-yeu meh, pih-ding sien iau nung-keu kwen z-ka. 3. Yon!;" chien hyui le rnn-tso, veh khau-i koo-vung jien-phok, koo-vung jienphok zieu kyau siau-chi. 8. Ming-yui z yong-kyieu kuh, sing-ming tab ts dzien-dze z zan [158]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAf DIALECT. z kuh. g. Seu-dze-noo kuh ts-sung sau yeu veh ba theh ka-tshan kuh. IO, Tsoo ya lau ah-koo kuh, seu tsung z-ka kuh sung lau sing, nan-meh khau-i chi kyau-hyuin lau kyung kya yi kuh nyi.tsok-z hycfog-ai II, Yeh iau we ts tuh-i lau han-wan,a veh iau we ts sub.i lau kyui-sok. 12. Yeh lih-drng ts-hyang, zieu z z-ka chi-theh z-ka lau z-ka bannyah z-ka yan 13. Sung-thi kuh nyung z kyau fi-nyung, mmeh tseh. nyih kuh kyau 14. Yong chi-tso le tsoo z-thi m-meh veh we ts chi-tso lau seh-ba kuh. r5. Tsoo kok-.rning kuh, iung-ke tsung-seu yi putig-kok kuh fah-lih. 16. Yeu wen-zien nyung-kah kuh nyung, veh-khung chi tshenmen foo.~'klwhe kuh, dzungeu-dau kuh nyung veh khung chi bing-jong 17. Ts-li veh iau hah-wo,seu-li veh iau hah-tsoo, kyah-li veh iau hah-tseu,, ... 18; z tshu-s kuh da-kwan-ts. 19. Tsoo te yui liailg-sing m-sa zan-gwe, kehmeh khaui [159]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALCET. daung-daung waung waung chi tso. 20. Yeu z veh khau-i tan-siau, m-z veh khau-i tan doo, LESSON 112 LUNG KA-SEH NY! MUNG La ih pak nyien ts zien, Tsong-kok-nyung phiau-yang-koo-he. tau nga-kok chi kuh, z veh too, lau nga-kok-nyung tau Tsoug-kok le kuh 'a juh-sau, we ts sa yoen-koo nyi, iung we yeu kuh nyung we ts pho chi,a yeu kuh nyung we ts kyung-fi. kw hung-nan, dzu ts dikuh i-nga, wan yeu hyui-too kuh yau-yien. Yi la wo nga-kok z nyui-nyung-kok, i kuh kok-doo.li zen-z nyui-nyung, veh tsung nennyung zaung-ngoena yeu kuh nyung wo nga-kok-nyung z sang-fan, tsheh-sung-loo-thi, lau chuh sang-zeh kuh, yi la kuh yong-mau z pen-zung-pen-seu, lau nyung-deu mo-sung, yeu zehke kuh hyui.too voo-kyi-ts-dan, Tsong-kok-nyung z-zen veh ken tshehyang tse. Soo-i eu-le sien yen nga-kok-nyung tau Tsong-kok le, Tsong-kok-nyung khoen-kyien yi la z bah-mien waung-fah, vok-seh tshen-ta kyuin-zen z liang-yang kuh, ih doo-pen Tsong-kok-nyung zen pho lau veh ken tah yi la kyau-tsi-waung-le tse, wan yeu ih yang ting hau-siau kuh yau-yien, zieu z wo, nga-kok-nyung iau wah-ngantsing le tsoo tshien-li-kyung, lau wah sing le tsoo mi-[160]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, ts di kuh tsong-tsong kuh hah-wo, sen-zen yeu e. sin! kuh-zen-dau-sien-sang le !au kaung-dau li, iau le tsoo vaung-ts, yi la a veh khung tsheh-tsoo, nen-tsong yeu liangkuh yoen-koo, ih meh, pho ling-so iau tshau, nyi iau vah yi let,eu le nyih kyah dzang-kyeu ts, khoen kyien yi la kuh kyui. ts-yung-dong, chi-kyui-iung-zeh, chah-zen tah Tsong-kok-nyurw: m. sa liang-yang, lau yi la kuh tuh-yunga veh the-pan tau tshu}rnung-. Ii, ma sa meh-z meh, z-dzeh-koo-ka, tsongveh dan-kwhe nyung dzong tsh i pan tsoo vaung-toug kuh nyung, zieu khung tsoo vaung. ts peh yi la dzu tse. LESSON 113 LUNG KA-SEH NYI MUNGAUPEN-DOEN. La i kuh zeu yeu ih we zen-dau sien-sang sing Pan kvau Tuh-sung, yi z la Soo-tseu dzung-li zen-dau lau i-bing kuh, tshnyung kuh bi-chi z ting zung lau yeu e-sing kuh, siang-sing Yi kuh nyung man-man-nung too-chi le tse, yi la ih yeu khongmeh zieu tau di-we Pan-sien-sang zang-hoo chi, dan-thien-seh-di kuh ihdeu-thing lau ih-deu mung. Yeu ih-nyih thih-tsung la zeh-ke chi kyung kaung.lung kuh zung-kwaung, yeu ih kuh nyung tsingle WO,siensang, yien-dze nong ah yeu khong?,Pansien-sang wo, [161]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. tshing-zoo, yeu khong kuh,,yi kuh riyung wo,ngoo yeu ih liang yang siau z-thi iau le thau-kyau sien-sang, khau-i ...-a?,yiwo,khaui kuh.,Nan-meh di kuh nyung-we, "zien-nyih ngoo ii-mo tau ih kuh bang-yeu d1-faung chi, yi wo la nga-kok m-meh nyih-deu, nyoehliang, sing-sieu san-he lau saa wo nga-kok-nyung we tuh wo danz wo,nyeu,' 'keu,kyilau sa zen kyau veh le kuh, wan yeu kuh nyung wo, nga-kok-nyung sang kuh z-'eu soen ihpak-soen,eu.le ih-nyien}rnn-sau ih-nyien, wan yeu kuh nyung wo nga.kok kuh tsheh-tshan z fi zang ts hau, ziang kvung, rhih, hwotshau dzu-mok, ng-kok-pak.koo zen yeu kuh.,Eu-le Pan-sien-sang nyung-nan le si kuh ka-seh lau kaungpeh yi thing lau wo,'Tsang kok yeu kuh meh-z, nga-kok tsho-veh-too zen yeu kuh, pih-koo nyung-zing-s-thoo tah ts kheu-iung veh dong kuh, soc.i lau kuh biseh bah lau deu-fah waung, na lmh bi-seh waung lau deu-fah huh, na kyaunyung,' nyi kyau 'keunyikyau'dog, kaung tau ih tshih kuh tsheh-tshan lau veh too da-ken zen yeu kuh, pih koo yeu too sau, doo siau kuh fung-bih ba tse, nga-kok zen yeu nyung, yeu tien yeu dzudzeh, la tsung-kya laung .ban z-thi kuh nyunga tsah bing-zang kuh i-zaung, veh ziang Tsong-kok kuh kwen-foo iau tsah duh bih kuh vok-seh, tsheh le meh iau ba ts zang.le-si kuh dau-ts, tsong-r-yien-ts, nga-[162]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. kok-nyung tsoo z-tei meh tsih-sang lau kyien-bien.,Thih-tsung kaung tau di kuh di-faung, di-we le mung kuh khah-nyung kuh okli, tsha yong-nyung le kyau yi li}1-khuh tsen chi, we ts yeu iaukyung kuh z-thi, soo-i yi zieu we-deu ts ]au tsen chi tse. 'Eu-seu Pan-sien-sang te dze-we kuh ts we wo,khankhan ih-we sien-sang mung kuh mung-kyui, ih-doo-pen ka lau ih-siau-pen tsung kuh, hyih liang-nyih kong-foo too tien ngoo le sisinung kaung peh thing," iung-we z-'eu i-kyung veh tsau tse soc-i da-kaz ieu san kbe tse. LESSON 114 LUNG DZUNG SING. We nyung dze s di ih iau kaung dzung-sing, pak-yang z-thi zen z dzong sing li s-siang tsheh le kuh, sing-li siang tuh hau, tsoo tsheh lea z hau, sing-li siang tuh veh hau, tsoo tsheh le z-zen veh hau, sing li dzung ts zerr-nyan, nga-m;eu zieu yeu zen 'ang-tshehle, sing-li dzung ts auh-nyan, nga-mien zieu yeu auh fah hyien tsheh le, soo-i yeu ih kyui koo-wo, tsih yui tsong fah yui wan, zieu z di kuh i-s. Jung le veh lung ne-di ok z tshiar.g-kyih lau zia-auh kuh z-thi zeh dze veh sausoe-zen veu tingli-'e kuh yung-vah,a yeu kyung-tshah, dipau, zing-boo lau pau-the, la kauhq [163]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. tshu-jui-baung, tau fan-r yoeh.long-yoeh-too, kyeu-kyung z we sa yoen-koo iung-we yi la yan. Vanzen lau tsauh-auh kuh nyung zieu z z.thi tshoen pang lau yi-tsheuvan-nyien 'a soen m-sa-iau-kyung, zeh ke khoen chi le dzung sing kuh ih yang z-thi chi veh z iau va? Tsong-r-yien-ts la siau-noen kuh iau dzung ih kuh zoksu lau suhz kuh sing,
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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. nyien kong-foo. La di kuh zeh-nyien li, i kuh ts zau kuh tsing; boo lau ken-liang zeh-dze nan i yung-yong, sooi la eutsen kuh Z.eu nau i taung tse kau kuh kyuin-yong-phing. La tsen-zang laung yang kuh chi-jeu tah ts zien kyi-nyien la Zaung-he Tsang yoen-li khoen-kyien koo kuh chi-jeu z doo-liang-yang kuh. Tsen zanglaung yong kuh chi-jeu, i kuh yung-zaung ziang lung-zen,au. deu daung kuh meh-z ziang hoo-tsho, i kuh khau itshung s ng seh nyung,a nung-keu tse kyuin-hoo, tso-den, liangzeh lau khau-i dzong; tshau ngkheuli gwan tso-dentshehchi tsosah tedih. Chi-jeu taung-tsong ting tshenming kuh ih-tsong kyauZi-pah-ling,,iung-we di.tsong chi-]eu z Tuh-kok. nyung Zi Pahling soo tshaung zau kuh. Zongtsh zieu kyau i Zipah-ling chi-jeu. La vi khe-tsen ts zien Tuh-kok-nyung i-kyung tshung ts Zi. pah-ling tau lung, Fah, kauh-tshu chi thoen-thing zing-yung. Veh dan zeh-ke, rtshien tse nau i le tsoo kuh yong-deu, tsau ts ding-taung la kuh tsong-tien -iau dits, ihngan veh theh kuh. Dake-nyung siang tshung chi-jeu tsong veh khaui z-yeu: ang-dong, khong-pho yeu peh-tsheh, dan z tshung Zi-pah-ling veh z zeh-ke, la i dung-khong kuh z-'eu, tahkhah khau-i zyeu 'angdong, vehlung ngoo-siang danwo-'a, khoen-paua, chuh-meh-z: [I 65]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. 'a. Zong di-kuh laung khau-i hyau-tuh Zipah-ling kuh tsendzong-lih z zeh-dze veh siau. La eu-tsen kuh zung-kwaung Tuhkok-nyung dzangtsaung yang di-tsong chi-jeu chi kyung zau Iung,kok, we.ts i kuh thi-tsih dco lau yong-i peh nyung khoenkyien, soo-i nyih-li veh da khong-pho dihping yang khong-tsong zokkyeh-phau le tsoo-thuh-i. Lung-tung difaung dzang-tsaung zeu-zeh di-tsong chi-jeu gwan tso-den au-le nau vaung-ts sau-theh lau nyungesah. We ts di kuh yoen-koo Lung-tung dzung-li yeu kuh zung-kwaung veh ken tien tung lau yong ping le seu ya. Zah zen khoen-kyien di-tsong chi-jeu la yoen-yoen-li le meh, ih ding iau tsh-siau lau thong-ts, i-ts dzung li kuh pah-sing thing-kyien ts, khau-i kwha-tien bau tau di-yoeh li chi bithuh i kuh fong-deu, feu-tsuh sing-ming nan-pau. LESSON 116 LUNG FI-THING KUH FAH-MING. Koo-z-kan tseu 'oen loo meh yang mo,ang sloo meh yong zen, i kuh zung-kwaung soo yang kuh zen, pih-koo z tsha bong. zen, lau nyung i.kyung kauh-zah man bien-taung tse. Dan z tah yien-dze pi-kyau-chi-le z doo-liang-yang tse, yien-dze yeu hoo tsho,hco.lung-zen, lau chi-tsho, pi-faung iau toen tsen di-jeu a tsuh [166]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, iau ih kuh toonyoeh. Dan z di kuh wan veh soen hyi-ji, ting hyi. ji kuh meh iau soen ii-thing, fah-mi'ng tau yiendze tsuh pih-koo zeh-nyien kong-foo i-kyung nung-keu tshung-nyung lau lui'ang. hau ziang ih-tsah dootiau, jungkhoen kemeh khoen kyien i kuh liang-pien yeu liangkwhe-poo, sung tsheh la nga-deu ziang liang tsah yuh taung-tsong yeu ih kuh doolih kuh kyikwan, khau ts meyeu kuh lih lau s zien-mien kuh fong-tsho tsen. dong, nan meh fithing zieu nungkeu fi'ang veh ding, i sooi nung-keu sung, kaung, zien,eu, zieu z khauthok i kuh doo-lung. Chideu liang-nyien zau tsheh le kuh fi. thing zau tuh veh we-zien, sooi zangtsaung bang-zah ting tandoo kuh nyung a veh ken chi zoo kuh, jung.le doo-doo-li kenliang tse. Fi-thing laung tsaung ih kuh z-bing-kyi, s tub fi-thing, veh we phien tsuh, a veh we tuh bang-zah lauh-'au.le kuh we-hyien. Ling-nga wan yeu ih tsong fithing, yung-zaung ziang ih-tsah siau-zen veh dan z kheui fi la thien-khong li, r-tshien wan khauiang la s-mien laung. Si-kok di-faung yong fithing song-sing, tang-lih, seh-iung di-doo, lau luiyung i-kyung veh sau. Yien-dze sing tsheh kuh kuh ling-bien lau wung.taung, soo-1 yeu too-hau sikok nyui-tsa nungkeuang lau ih-ngan veh we tsau-zah sa we-hyienng-le Tsong-koka yeu ih-we nyuifi-[167]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, -'ang-kya, yi kuh ming-deu kyau Tsang Yah-wung, yi khe-chi fi.. thing le veh pi me-kok-nyui.ts the-pan, LESSON 117 KOK-MING VEH-KHAU-I LAU VEH CHI TSOO ZEHDZE-KUH Z-THI. Zien di-jeu-laung kuh nyung, yeh lung a li ih kuh da.tseu, a li ih kuh kok-doo,a Ii ih kuh di-faung kauh-nyung zien-nyih lau-khoo tsco z-thi kyeu-kyung z we sa yoen-koo-'a, zieu-z we ts ih kuh e-z yan, meh-ts kuh juh-deu-meh zie.u-z e,,di >mh e-zing nyung weh la s-ka laung ih-nyih choeh kuh, ih-hyih-hyih 'a veh-nung-keu sau kuh. Ih-nyih t::iu-ya ]autshien-s-pak-siang, ih-hyih kwha-weh ih-hyih dong chi, ih-hyih-khok, ih-hyihsiau, kauh-suh-kauh-yang ji.ii kwa-kwa kuh yang-sub, zen-z e-zing s-tuh i tsoo tsheh le kuh, zah-zen ih. nyih-thien m-rneh zieu-kauh-zah veh chi-kyung, zah-zen ih-hyih kong-foo rr,-rreh E.zme, ih-hyih kong-fco zieu kauhzah veh kau-hyung, scc-i tseh-yah-kya woe-zing meh zieuz pomaung kub nyan1e yan,,zah-zen JT1-rreh e-zing meh 'a-li nung ktu yeu pc-maung nyi. Wo tau e-zing kuh yong-zang veh zen-z ih. yang kuh, yeu doo-e, yeu siau-e, yeu kong-e, yeu-se, yeu tsung-[168 ]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALCET. e, yeu zia-e, tsong-r-yien-ts van yi z nvung meh zen yeu e-zingkuh, e-zing yong la doo-kuh zang-hwo, kong-bing lau tsung-taung kuh di-faung meh, zieu khau-i s-tuh tsong-zok jang-dzung, lau fokchi tse, zah-zen e-zing yong la siau kuh di-faung s-sing lau zia.ok kuh meh, ming-sang zieu iau ba-wa lau 'oowan zieu iau tau tse. Siaue, se, ziae zieu z z-kooz kuh e, di tsong e-sing kuh 'e-tshu z ting doo, yien-dze veh-pih chi kaung.lung yiendze iau kaung kuh meh zieu-z doo-e kong-e tsung-e, di kuh san kuh e iau e.tau juhtien, sung-koo ts sing-ming lau dze-tshan, iung-we yeu ih-yang meh-z pi ts sing-ming we iau dzong, pi-ts dze-tshan wan zah zen nyung nung-keu e di-yang meh-z, keh-meh sing-ming lau dze.tshan zen khau-i pau dzu tse, kyieu-kyung di. yang z sa meh-z zieu z kok-kya yan. LESSON 118 LUNG KOK-MING VEH-KHAU-I HAH WO E-KOK LAU VEH CHI TSOO ZEH-DZE KUH ZTHIAU PEN DOEN. Z dzong Kwaung-fok-i.le e-kok liang kuh z nyi-too li i-kyung dzang-tsaung thing-kyien,]au pau ts launga ih dzeh la tung, kau1Jg kuh nyung 'a ihdzeh la kaung, thaung zen yien dze tse le kauh-zah yeu tien thau.ien, sce-zen thau-ien veh-nung-keu [169]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. veh kaung, dan z lau, veh chi tsoo ih-ngan e-kok kuh z.thi tsheh le meh yeu sa yong-zang nyi, nga-kok yeu ih-kyui zok-nyui meh zieu moo yan," yeu rnih-tshih kuh 1 tau ngoo kuh ih-de, wen la lau tsang-doo la di kuh kok-doo Ii, keh. meh z-zen iung-ke e di kuh kok-doo, pi-faung ngoo-nyi veh yuinchi !au sang la Fi-tseu kuh di-faung, deu-thong lau fahnvih kuh ngoo-nyi 'a tseh-hau e-sih lau hwaung-tshien ngoo-nyi Tsong-kok-nyung sang la di-jeu-laung ting-hau kuh ih-kuh zang-hwo, thien-chi veh-langa veh-nyih, di. too i-z tsaung, khe-.hwo pi bih-kok le-tuh tsau, pak-sing too lau veh-tshan i-z yeu ts zehke-nung kuh hau-kok-doo, ngoo-nyi veh chi !au e-sih, tsung-tsung z ih-tsaung hyiji kuh z-thi. Dan z yeu nyung iau wo zeh-ke-nung dzong sa di-faung chi-deu chi e !au na-nung e-fah nyi, ngoo kau-soo na, zah-zen tsung kuh iau-e-kok di kuha veh z ih-tsaung nan kuh z-thi, pi-faung yeu nga-deu-nyung iau siang le chi-men ok-tse tangsoen ngoo-nyi keh-meh nyi zieu ia u siang ih kuh fah-tsuh chi pau-wan lau ti-taung yi-la, di-nyi-yang zieu-z ngoo-nyi kauh-nyung iungke yong nyi kuh lih-liang, chi tsoo kok-kya yeu ih-tshu kuh thi, veh lung la tsong-dien kuh z.thi laung,ok-z tsoo-kong,ok-z [170]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGI:[Al DIALECT tsoo sang-i tab-ts ban tsung-foo kuh z-thi, soe-zen di kuh kyi-kyui seh-wo z dzang-tsaungthing-kyien kuh, pc-maung kauh-we nungkeu chi auh !au tsoo-tuh-tau, kehmeh nyi kuh Tsong-woming-kok z-zen we.tuh foo tsok lau jang-dzung tse. LESSON 119 LUNG ZOEN-DZANG YONG KUH KHAH THAU. Yeu ih nyih ngoo kuh kwenmung-nyung song ih tsang phien ts-le wo,la nga-deu yeu ih-we siensang ta ts kyi kuh tshing. kyoen iau le pa-maung pamaung tong-ka,,ngoo wo,hau kuh tshing yi tsing le., A. Tsung-sing. B. Veh zung ling-kyau, veh ken, A. Bi-sing Bau'. B. Bi-singLok. A. Zieu zPe'-'Lok'YongOngkuhLokva? B. Veh tsho kyung tsou duh-we le vongeu. A. Tshing zoo, ther~foo za-li liang kuh z. B. Veh ken, tshauz-Dah-tuh. A. Kau-ia tub juh, foo-laung la a li. B. Bi-di Nyung-pok-foo. A. Kok-ia la Nyung-pok-foo sa kong-koen. B. Veh ken, pih-koo kau ih kuh siau-kwen. A. Lau-foo-ts kauzan 'a.

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. B. Chi-ken, chi-ken, zan-soo 'auh-tshien tuh juh, Sien-sang kwe kok za-li ih-kok. A. Bi-kok z Iung-kok. B. Sien-sang pau-kyoen ah 'a la tsh-di? A, Chi-ken, kya-kyoen la tsh-di. B. Ling-tsung foo-nyung ah z Tsong-kok-nyung? A. Veh ken, bi-ne z nga-kok-nyung. B. Yeu kyi-we ling-laung? A. Veh ken, yeu liang kuh siau-choen. B. Kong-hyi, ah yeu ling-e va? A. Veh ken, yeu ih kuh siaunyui. B. Ah yeu kwe.zung-long a? A. Veh-ken yeu ih kuh siau-sui. B. Yien-kwhung-zong kyi-we: A. Chi-ken, nyui di-hyong s kuh. B. Kok-iaaung kyi? A. Veh ken, yeu ih kuh kya-hyong lau Jiang kuh so-di. B. K yi-we ling-zeh-kong. A. Ih kuh so-zeh z kyahyong kuh nyi ts. B. Ling-tsi-me kyi. we. A. Veh-ken, yeu ih kuh kva-tsi lau ih kuh so.1ne. B. Ling-tsung !au ling-daung da-zung nyi? A. Veh-ken, kya-voo i-kyung koo-s-tse, kya-moo la-nga-kok. B. \Van tshing kyau Sien-sang tsung-kang. [172]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. A. Hyui-doo san-zeh-s soen. LESSON No. 120 LUNG ZOEN-DZANG YONG KUH KHAH-THAU, 'AU PEN DOEN. A.Tah Sien-sang ih-dau le kuh kyi-we ah z ling-tshing va? B. Yeu kuh z tshing-kyoen, yeu kuh z bang-yeu, di kuh ih-we z la dzung-li khe ih ban siau-tien. A. Dze-hyi hau tuh juh. C. Thauh-fok, woo-woo-ts ba tse. A. Pau-au khe la dzung-li sa-di-faung. C. Siau-tien khe la San-ba-leu. A. Sang-i wan hyung-longd C. M-sa z-thi. A. Wan yeu ih A. Pau-zen la a-Ii. D. Chi-ken, siau.zen ding-la long-waungA. Tshing-mung na di-faung pa-khah ah pa kuh. B. Pa kuh. A. Keh-meh pa-tsih ah pa kuh. B. Keh z veh pa kuh, ngoonyi tsh-di kuh kwekyui, pifaung ziang thau-tshing, sung-kwen, tsheh-mung tsen-le lau sa, zien iau chi pa khah kuh. A. Na chi pa khah meh wo tien sa kuh sehwo nyi? B. Wo,kyeuwewe-kyau,dza ng-yoen veh kyien tse,'ok-tse [173]

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    LESSONS IN Trrn SHANGifaI DIALECT. meh yong z.chien vong-zung kuh seh-wo, pihkoo i kuh wo fah too tuh le ihz-deulaung seh veh zing, ngoo thing kyien yeu nyung wo, na bang zah ts kong seua veh tsok.ih, pih-koo tshantshanseu, di kuh ah z tsung kun va? A. Veh tsho, li-soo veh dong kuh. B. Yien-dze zung-kwaung i. kyung veh tsau tse, veh ken tse kyung tshau, kyi-z yeu khong tshing tau soe-kvien le danclan. A. Ih-ding iau koo-le ling B. Chi-ken, hyong-di sehbe tse. A. Tshing tse zoo-ih-hyih. B. Veh-tse. A. Man-chi, man-chi. B. Tshing lieu-boo. A. Ssong, ssong. B. Tse-kyien, tsekyien. LESSON No. 121 Ngoo kuh ah-koo la
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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. Teh;ihpak s-zeh-tshih man ngtshien ihpak zeh-kyeu kwhe. LESSON 122 La Wotuh-loo laung yeu ih-ban khan-pih-tshang, zaung-nyoeh ih-'au ts-tsheh pahzehkyeu man loktshie11 spak sa11-zeh-lok;ts khanpih, liang-'au tstsheh kyeu-zeh-pah man lok-tshien pah-pak sanzehs ts,
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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAIDIALECT. LESSON No. 124 Ih kuh siensang thiauh-sang-ts ma zeh-nyi-kwen pih, me-kwen z s-fung-pen;i ma zeh-nyi-bing meh-s, me-bing z san-fung-nyi;i ma zeh-nyi-kwhe ziang-bi, me-kwhe z san->rnuh nyi-fung;i ma zehnyi-pung sia-z-boo, me-pung z ih-kauh-pen, Mung-pih, meh-s, ziang-bi, sia-z-boo, me ih-yang z kyi-dien? Tse mung ih-gong z kyi-dien? (A) Teh;-ng-kauh s-fun, san-kauh pah-fung-s, san-kwhe pah-kauh s-fung, ih-kwhe pah-kauh. (B) Teh;-ih-g-ong z lok-kwhe ng-kauh lok-fung-s. LESSON 125 Yien-dze Kong-boo-jok-li yeu ih-tsong liang-zeh, spak ng-seh kuh nynng khau-i chuh sanseh-nyih, zah-zen iau chub ng-seh-nyih, i1111g-ke sau kyi kuh nyung? Teh;-ih-pak pah-seh kuh nyung. LESSON 126 Ngoo tsung-trnng ngan-nyih ngoo kuh bang-yeu kuh kyi-phih mo, danz yi endeu-lia la t!long-i ngoo kuh kyah-dahtsho lau tshiang. Yeu ih-nyih ngoo-nyi liang-kadeu ding-taung daka diau [176 ]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. wen. kuh kyi-chi-kyah-dah-tsho tsauh ih-pak tshih-sc-ngliang nyung-ts, !au lianffkwen-tshiang, me kwen tsauh nyan-ihJiang, yi-peh ngoo san-ph]ih-mo lau tse poo ngoo ih-pak Jiang yien nyung.ts. Sce-soe, mo rau-ti keh-zah kyi-liang nyung-ts ih-phih. Teh;-san-zeh-kyeu-Iiang nyung-ts ih-ptih. LESSON No. 127 (zeh-dzien we ih-liang, zeh-lok-liang we ih-kyung, ih-p::tk-kyung we Siau-tshen-dzang laung ih-kuhaung-fan, tah-ts ih kuh makhah la Ngoo bau-zaun!!chi mung yi-la tsoo-sa,aung-hn kau-soo ngoo wo,'yi tah mct-khah kaung-ding-taung thien-bingtshung, me ih-lian?"-ng nyans-dien, yien-dze ina-khah yang nyan Iiang-tshung le tshung ng-kvung zeh-nyi-Iiang ng, ngoo we-deu yi veh ma, dan-z yi veh khung ba lau wo, i-kyung nyan-s dien ih-liangn![, na-nung kh u-i veh ma-nyi;yi iau ngang-ma., Mung, tsau-li kaung-chi-le di-tien-ng tau-ti iau m"' kyi-dien? Tsau ng-kyung zeh-nyi.Jiang soe iau ma kyi-dien. (A) Teh;-nyi-tshien lok-pak pah-zeh-pah-dien. (B) Teh;-nyi.tshien nyi-pak ling pah-dien. [177]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. LESSON 128 Yien-dze yeu zeh-ihkyung s-liang ts-nyok, me-liang-nyok z nyan-tshihdien zah-zen yang-ka tsauh ih-tshien tshih-pakdien. keh-zah kyi-kwhe yang-dien? Teh;liang-kwhe pahkauh-i:;en too-tien. LESSON 129 (zehtshung we ihtshah, zeh-tshah we ih-dzang, ih-pak pahseh-dzang we ih-li, nyi-pak-li we ih-doo.) Ngoo kuh chitsho kuh lung-ben kuh tseu-kyung z zeh-santshah ng.tshung. Mung tsho-tsang-ts zeh-nyi-li-loo, iung-ke tsen kvi{.ve? Teh;ih-tshien lok-paktseri. LESSON 130 (lok-seh-miau we we ih-khuh, s-khuh El we ih-tien, nyan-s tien we ih-nyih.) Loo-bih-kung z ih-kuh hau teu-chcen-ts kuh dzang-hwo. Yeu ihnyih ngoo tab ngoo kuh meme, chi-beh-siang. Ngoo kuh tsho ts me-tientsong nung keu Yi kuh tsho-ts me-tientsong tsuh-nungkeuang so-ng.li, we ts yi kuh tsho-tsang-tuh [r78]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI l>IALECT, man, soo-i nyang yi sien-khe so-ng-fung-tsong, nan-meh ngoo kuh tsho-ts khe-zaung-chi, kyi-hwo kuh tsho-ts nung-keu tsoen-zah yi kuh tsho-ts? Teh;-san-khuh-tsong kong-foo, [179]

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    LESSONS IN THE: SHANGHAI DIALECT, LESSON 131 / \ ::..,.. ----.. 1 [180]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALCET. \ [r8r]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, LESSON 132 \ / [184]

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    \ / [1 85 ]

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    LEssbNs JN T1-rn SHANGHAI DIALECT. CIVIL WARRANT OF ARREST IN DEFAULT OF APPEARANCE. IN THE INTERNATIONAL MIXED COURT AT SHANGHAI Between and To the Commissioner of Police, Shanghai and other officers of this Court Plaintiff Defendant Here insert 1;fri';r:;'.8WHEREAS the above named defendant (bJ Here insert (b) defendant's
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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. [187]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. LESSON No. 133 "I!!( ..,. L [188]

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    LF.SSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. \ "i!Ii /__ [189]

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    LESSONS IN THE DIALECT. WARRAN"( FOR IMMEDIATE SECURITY. Plain name. Defendant's name. Form'F. IN THE INTERNATIONAL MIXED COURT AT SHANGHAI Between Plain and Befendant. of that of To the Captain-Superintendent of Police Shanghai and other officers of this Court. COMPLAINT day been made by defendant in the above action THEREFORE you are hereby ordered (unless and unti security in the sum cf is tendered to you) to apprehend forthwith the said and to keep him in custody. Dated this day o{ [190] ,o' . 19

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    LEsSoNs IN Tm,: SHANGHAI DIALECT. [191]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. \ 134 /

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    LESSONS IN '.fHE SHANGHAI DIALECT. \ w /__ [193]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. WARRANT OF ARREST. INTHE INTERNATIONAL MIXED COURT AT SHANGHAI To the Commissioner of Police Shanghai and other officers of this Court COMPLAINT has this day beeri made by. (a )Here insert (a). complainname. of (b )Here insert t of c) Here insert (c) offence did THEREFORE you are hereby ordered forthwith to (b) apprehend the said and to bring him before this Court to answer to the'said complaint. Dated this day of 192 [194]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI r

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    IN THE SrIANGHAI DIALECT. LESSON 135 [196]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, INTERNATIONAL MIXED COURT. .. INTERPRETERS. Practitioners are requested to enroll with the Registrar the names of all persons employed by them in Court as interpreters. Permission to function in Court as interpreter is sub ject to competency and good behaviour. 197 I,

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, LESSON No. 126 7.'-. [198]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, [199]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. COMPLAINT. IN THE INTEF NATIONAL MIXED COURT AT ) ( &E . a h 4a Qu n .1 a l DA )n Elf-rlfz of .. on the (c) c) did at day of. ... 192 Dated the.. .day of. 192 Fee Paid$ must here. Form 101 G. 1000-9 20 Counsel for complainant [200]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, [201]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, 137 No. 202 LESSON

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    LESSONS IN THE SJ.-IANGJIAI Dli\l,ECl'; IN T!iE MIXED AT SHANGHAI Form No. 103. 500-7 -21. To . residing at .. Shanghai. Between Defendant. You are hereby requiret! to attend at the. Court on. the. ..day of ./92 ; at the hour of.. .............. in the noon to give evidence in the above. action on behalf of the .... In default of your attendance you will be liable to fine or, imprisonnent. and Registrar. R r .203 Shanahai,

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. LESSON 138 \ / [204 ]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGH;\I DIALCET, / [205]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. CIVIL SUMMONS. Form 106 4000-7-21 IN THE INTERNATIONAL MIXED COURT AT SHANGHAI Between . Plain and Defendant To. of YOU are hereby ordered to appear before this Court on the ... day of ... 192 to answer the above named a claim the parti culars of which are contained in the petition addressed to this said Court a copy of which is hereunto attached. AND TAKE NOTICE that in default of your doing so the proceed thereon and judgment may be given in your absence. Dated the. ... . .day of. .192 [206]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, [207]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. LESSON No. 139 L [208 ]

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    LFSSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, \ / [209]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI UIALECT, WARRANT EXECUTION Form 110 G.250.120 IN THE INTERNATIONAL MIXED COURT AT Between and CIVIL JURISDICTION To the Commissioner of Police, Shanghai, and of this Court Plaintiff Defendant WHEREAS on the day of 19 the Plaintiff obtained judgment in this Court against the De-fendant for the sum of for .. and costs and it was thereupon ordered by the Court that the Defendant should pay the same to on the And whereas default has been made in payment according to the said order. These are therefore to require and order you forthwith to make and levy by distress and sale of the goods and chattels of the said Defendant wheresoever they may be found within the jurisdiction of this Court the sum of. beingdue to the Plaintiff under the said order, including the costs of this execution. And also to seize and take any money or bank notes and any cheques, bills of exchange, promissory notes, bonds, specialities, or securities for money of the Defendant which may there be found, or such part or so much thereof as may be to satisfy this execution (and the costs of making and executing the same), and to pay what you have levied to the Registrar of this Court, and to make return of what you have done under this war rant immediately upon the execution thereof. [21()]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, No. 140 [2Il] ..

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT,

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    Here insert Name of Qu,i,rantor His position in Hong. Name and Address of Hong, Guarantors Names. Name of LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, FORM 111 Bond No. IN THE INTERNATIONAL MIXED COURT AT SHANGHAI PRE-JUDOMENT D. BETWEEN AND WE and the aforesaid s) hereby guarantee: ( 1) that we shall produce to this Court. Case No. Plain Defendant ( s) the above named defendant ( s) as and when called upon (save on reasonable ground shown to this Court); ( 2) that there is not now nor shall there be whilst this bond is in force any foreign interest in the aforesaid in any way connected with this security, an
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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. r 216 J

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, LESSON No. 141 [217 l ..

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    LESSONS INTHE SHANGHAI DIALECT, [ :nl]

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    LESSONS lN THb;SHANGHAI DIALECT. ] mm

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    Here insert Name of Guarantor His positio n in Hong. Nnme :rnd Address of Hong. Guo.rntors nmes. Name Of Hopg. LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, FORM Ill Bond No. IN THE INTERNATIONAL MIXED COURT AT SHANGHAI PRE-JUDOMENT BOND. BETWEEN AND WE and the aforesaid Hong ( s) hereby guarantee: ( x) that we shall produce to this Court Case No. . Plaintiff (s) Defendant ( s) the above named defendant(s) as and when called upon (save on reasonable ground shown to this Court); (2) that there is not now nor shall there be whilst this bond is in force any foreign interest in the aforesaid hong( in any way connected with this security, and that the said hong (s) shall not be removed sold or otherwise dis posed of without the consent of the Court; (3 )that in the event of the breach of either of the above undertakings we shall pay to this Court the sum of Shanghai Currency, for the payment of which we acknowledge ourselves jointly and severally liable. When judgment in this action dated the shall be satified this bond shall be cancelled. Signed and sealed by the above bounden and in the presence of Date .. Inquiries made by Address of guarantor .... 192 .. day of 192 ; . I-long (s) by the hand of sDate Capital of Hong. ..... . ...... Capital of guarantor Number of shareholders . Value of shares held by

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    LESSONS IN TttE SHANGHAI DIALECT. [222]

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. RY Tshau, noisy. Kyangzung, reins. Chau, erecle:i. Kwo, to hang, suspend. Yeubing, an oil bcttle. Bihtsien-laung-, on the tip of the nose. Hwovung, veins, se1ms. Zauh, to peck. Tsauthah, waste. Tsoktshe, Hors dOeuvre. Chapter II. Snyien, to test. Dong-veh-yoen, garden. Iung-yahden, bJ.nd. Tseu, to play. Sing-tsuh, dispo3ition. Woo-mo, hippopotamus. Pau, leopard. Kau-hyung, joyous. Chapter produces ... E.E .-E Yasoo-vokweh-nyih, E1ster Keh, conbine, to agree. Sienyien, be1Utiful. Sutshang, Lok.juh sung-pe, joys extremity sorrow Chapter I

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    LESSONS IN TI-IF. SHANGHAI DIALECT. Phing-minr, extreme effort. Kyung-tshah-thing, native police station. Wan, to revert, to make good. Suzi, to finish, in good order. IV. Yuin-tshc, irain-sickness. Ngau-veh-dzu, can not bear. Sing--foo-voo, newly weds. Yien, along by. Tshok, to gore, offend. blush. Kwe-dau, path, track. Chapter v. De-wan, Oen-su-piau, thermometer. Snyunr, mercury. Doo, deuee. Tsheh-sung.loo-thi, naked. So, to sun, to dry. Keen, Phang, to roast. Yung-yang, Chapter -& VI. Kwa, slrange, a spirit. first time. Suh-hco, to recognize. Kyung-hah, startled. Zung-dau, a spirit. Dien-wc-siang, telephone-box, Chapter 2

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    LESSONS IN TnE SHANGHAJ DrALECT, Ji.kwa, wonder. VII. Pi-kyoeh, a secret. Poli, Paris. Le, to implicate, stain. Boo-tsh kya, rat-catcher. Ts-doo, to control. Yoeh, a hole, a caYe, Eh-dong-, agreement, contract. Zeu-laukyung, bonus, Chapter Chapter VIII. Veh.jien, t"hings. Tungtsau, mantle-. Dz-chi, porcelain. Hwan, to cast away. Hwo-yah, chemistry. Loo, furnance. together. Khoo-nau, poor, miserable. Hwen nyung, to welcome. Seu-zok, the results. Ih-kyui-liang-tuh, to kill two birds with one stone. IX. Siauchien, recreation. Fahhoo, loose ones temper. Nyung-nan, patient. Ts-mi, interesting. Siausehsu, novels. Chapter 3

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    cool LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. a quiet heart a Sing-ding z.zenliang, brain. x. Nyang, to waive one's right, to let. Naunyih, crowded. Tshehfongdeu, to strut, swagger. Kyeuhoo-tsho, La-pa, a horn. safe. Chapter Fah-hyoen, ridiculous. Thandeu, a peddlers stand. Tshahztha n, fortunetellers table. Tsen pok, to fore'.ell. Cheu, bad. Eu'auchi, to bend down. Kycents. fortune tellers card.s. Pihwah, pen strokes. 'rsingthong, skillful. Hyi.tsbehmaung::hga, expected XI. Chapter more than was Chapter XII. sbreweh. Tsupau tien, pearl shop. Wangkan dzukan, to select carefu!lv. Thau, to ask. Yien, suspect, dislike. Dung, to speak sarcastically. 4

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    IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. Dok-faung-boo, to walk dowly. Liang-kyi nyi-kwc1.ung, a in the face. Thau-nyau, to beg for a pardon. Nyung-tsho, to confess. Kyau-hyong, to teach, to correct. ){HI. Tong-dau, a wager. Zen-yui, noted for, Too, to wager. Dong-z, at the same time. Kongtsungnyun~, arbitrator. settle, decision. Su-yu ng, to win and loose. approve. Chapter XIV. San-au, valley. Ling, scales. Kyi-kwe-deu, cocks comb. Loo, dew er to expose. to bury. Pok-veh-yoen, museum. Nyien-kyeu, to study, to examine. Chapter xv. Siau-chi, stingy Ka-tshan, property. Thing-bing, to take advice as you like. Sung-tong, Ts-hwen, to direct, to command. Kau-z, an official notice, proclamation, Chapter .5

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, Liang-zeh, provisions, grain. store. Thoen, to explore, to investigate Siau-hwoo-ts, a young man. Theu-thing, to eavesdrop. Fong-sung, news, or a report. Zau-yien, rumor, to slander. S-ti-'au, secret. Tshong-kong, to confiscate. {d( XVI. Kwo-bi, melon-peel. to upset. Zung-nyung, to .agree, to acknowledge. The-pan-ih-ngan, nearly. Tsau-zah, to meet with, happened. Hwe-chi, unfortunate. Zoen-di, in any pbce. Loen-tauh, to .throw away carelessly. Chapter XVII. Lih-nyien, succeeding generations. Hyi-ji.>rno-kwa, wonderful, marvelous. Tseu-kyung, circumference. Sung-tsien, the tip of a bamboo shoots. Tsok-yih, bamboo leaves. Pan-kau, to report. Kyih-li, lucky. Za, kindling wood. Zeh-veh-yah, botany. Chapter XVIII. Chapter 6

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALCET, Seu-dze-noo, miser. Pung-boJ, bcaL Khuh-bok, cruel. rate of interest. no means of escape. Meu-yung fok, seeking happiness. Tan-ieu, wory. Liau, to estimate. Koo-dco, excessive. Nyung-sung, Jansing. Oo-hoo, lamentable. XIX. Da-ke, in general. Yang, to keep, to nourish. escape. Tshu-yok, pla_;-ue. VoJ-ji-soo, numberless. Thau-yien, bored. Dzau-vong, clerk. pure yellow. Pien, flat. Tse, to sever; to cut. Nyun;kyui, to acknowledge defeat. Zeh-tuh, worth the price. Chapter xx. Vung-yah, savant. Nyah, to grasp. Tshing-kya, to get excused. Te, to pile up. Chapter 7 R\11

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, ] cen, slee PY. Veh-tuh.liau, in a hopeless condition. Phc.mih. put out. Kyung-bah, frightened, to fear. \Ve-sung, hygiene. XXL Kyi.tshah, scheme. Ycen-tshing, distant relative Seh-tohih, stolen properly. Tsauh, to catch Tang-pan, to dress up. Lung-lieu, by turn. Di-j'en, this. Phoo-theh, to expose. Saunr-s, reward. San-kanf;thien, the third watch. Tsau-hoc, to greet. Tshung--tsh-kyi-we, to improve an opportunity. Chapter XXII. '.Csing-ming, skillful. We-wekyan, mohammedanism. Fan, to trade. Koc.tong, curios. Nyck, a gem, jade. Fung-bien, to distinguish. Pung-z, ability. Khong, at leisure. Khau-tshah, to examine. Wo, drawing, an engraving, Chapter 8 flJJ

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    LESSONS IN Tr-rn SHANGHAI DIALECT, Tsung-, true. Ka, false, imitation. Khau, to depend upon. Dzau-tuh, to gain (as profit). Hah-ngan-dawaung, the king of the blind. XXIII. Jung-doo, dragon boat races. Vong, to meet with. Toen-yang-tsih, Dragon boat festival. moon. Ke, own, to cover. Yui-sien, previous, at first. Pi-se, to run in a rnce. Fong-zok, custom. Miau, to trace, to sketch. Ling, the scales of a fish. Tsiang, an oar. Yuin-dong, sports. Loo-koo, a gong, a drum. Wo-long-zen, to peddle a dragon boat. Faung-bien. convenient. Tang-tsen-we, round trip. Tsuni:;,foo, government. 11yung-he, a great crowd. Chapter XXIV. Kya, to warn. Zih-too, jealousy, Vi-dok, only. Phing-yung, character. Tcen-tsung, decent, to prepare. Chapter 9

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    LESSONS IN TIIE 51-fANGHAI DIALECT, Auh-doo, a pupil, an apprentice. Hweh-liah, of purpose. Hwaung-daung, dissipated. Peh-yung, unfortunate. Kheu, discount, take Kwan-nge, to obstruct. Sing-khoci, bitter, tired, A, arrc1.n_;;e in order. Tshoen-tauh, to stirp up. Kyi so peh yok peh s yui zungDo not do to others what you do not want them to do to you., Sung zun5 li kyi, to injure another in order to benefit yourself. Zan.~we, to be ashamed. Au-hwe, t::i repent. xxv. Chapter Tsong-sin5-tien, center. Tok-kyuin, Tu-chnen, military governor. Kong-yoen, a public garden. Kan-tok, to oversee. Kong-dzung, works (mechanical), lavour. Tsong, grove. Joeh, to dig up. Voo-lan, rotten. Song, loose. Zeh-kyung, diameter. Wah, to dig. Vun'.{ tomb, grove. IO

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. XXVI. Tsung-teu, to fight. Chien, a riveret. Yang-lieu, willow. lung, shadow. Ha, a crab. Tuh-i, according to own wish, Zo, a snake. Yen, to swim, to traYel. Pi-long, to close. Jcen, to coil up. hide. Yung-zaung, form, appearance. Ngaung, to erect. Pe, back. Fok, belly. Kyung, tight. Thing, to uncoil. Kyang, prostrated. ] ien, to pinch. Chapter XXVII. Kwa-ts, a swindler, kidnapper. Tshung-we, to be called. Van, a criminal, to commit a crime. Loo, large basket. Nau-kyung, brain. Ih-zi, all, entirely. Tien, Tsau-i, previously Kyih, to complete, a knot. II Chapter

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. Phan-tshing, to betroth. Ba-pah-z, exchange horary characters (at betrothal). Me-nyung, a go between, a middle man. fortuneteller. to divine. Tshong, collide. Khuh, to overcome. Iung-yoen, Tsong-r-yien-ts, in short, in a word. Mi-sing, superstitious. Sing-zing, desposition. Zung, gentle. Phing.milu, countenance. Ih-tsh, profit, benefit. XXVIII. Chapter E XXIX. Tsi-z, to sacrifice. Ngeu-ziang, an idol. Sung, to overco:ne, surpass. Fan, to translate. Tsa, to scratch, Sih-soeh, a cricket. to sneeze. "Ien-ts, a swallow. Tse-nan, disaster. Khe.thong, civilized, progressive, Chapter Chapter XXX. W ankoo, stubborn. 12

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    LESSONS TN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. S-zok, a private school. teach. Khung jeu, to entreat. Lih-s, history. Soen-vaharithmetic. Sung-yien-su. Chinese Classics. Tshing-tau, Tsing-tao. Than-chi, to sigh. Zing-iung, condition. XXXI. Dzau, tide. Waung-nyien, in previous years. Yeu-tien-dau-li, reasonable. Zen-boo-deu, je'.ty. Tsing, to immerse. Ih-lien-tshen, a train of (boats). Se-zen, racing hoats. Zang, compound. Bih-kyah, poor, a mendicant. Khau-veh-dzu, untrustworthy. Dzu, to erect. Tshung, to board (a train or boat). Chapter XXXII. Dze-hyang, money. Ka-noen, ( a danghter) in marriage. Soo, "mourning clothes. Ta-hau, to wear mourning. skirt. Kong, father-in-law, (paternal). (paternal). 13 Chapter

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. Dze s, living. Kyung ji-zen, really, truly. Kwhung-nan, poor, impecunious. Thiwe, to exchange. Yi-siang, to devise. Kyeu-kyeu-kyih, to save to extricate. Meu-meu-zen, as you like. Dzung-tseh, pass book Lidien, interest. Dz3.11g-m, mother-in-law, (maternal). Nyui-si, son-in-low, (maternal). Choeh, lacking. XXXJII. Tshehs, to be born. Thienhwo, smallpox. Iung-tsh, therefore. Hwung-sing, meat diate. vVungyoh, plague. Deu kan, small-pox scab. Ben, to mix. Denmiau, Vaccine. Seh, to in]ect. Fahvi-zing-zen, incomplete. Faung-tsau, to imitate Faung.fah, the plan, or way ( of doing), Nyi-sing, suspicious. Iau-zeh, evil spirit, Paung, to revile, Fung.fung, confused, disordered. Zung-ts-yui, in so much that. Phien, entire. Kyi-zih almost, terminated. 14 Chapter

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, to stress, to emphasize. S, gratis. Au-kyung, clinic fee. XXXIV. Thon~:-sai.rng, to commerce. Le, s1:ecies. collide. Bienpok, to Chapter xxxv. Tshen, to p:erce. Zen-kyah, nde the feet. Tsaung-seh, ornaments. Za.kyung, charming-. Khc en, excessively. fah, to mount (as jewelry). often. Pe theh, to pull off. Chi ngan, to attract attention. Chah-zeh, truly, really. snatch. Chapter XXXVI. Lih-au, surnrrer sclstice. Kah-au, thin lined clothing. regard to. Huh-tien, black spots. 15 Chapter

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    L1css0Ns IN Tim SHANGHAI DIALECT, Yientshehle, to come out. Zeh-kyung, diameter. Iung-li, English mile. Dzo-khau, to examine, to investigate. Vehtsel:1, substance. Pingbau, hail. XXXVII. Choen-mien, to exhort. Tongz, Councilors. Kwekyui, rules, re"~ulations. Ngoowe, to be mistaken. Ngang pih, to force. to reward. Dzung-doo, status. Kauhyung, to be willing. Aung-nyih, cccupation. Nan, patient. Doo-sia, chief clerk. Nyipan, assistant manager. Dapan, manager. Kausung, to promote. position. Tshoo. fail to improve (an opportunity). Zih-lien, to practice. Oen-jien, court case. Bah auh, free tuition. Chapter XXXVIII. ]i kwa, to wonder at. Gah, crowded. 16 Chapter

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. Zing, to wash. Tung-ts, a stool. Yau, to wave. Kau, to inform. Zing, to hunt for. Peh-ts-chui-hyang, do not know (where it is) Kwa, to kidnap. Phien, to deceive. !Pl XXXIX. Tshuiz, amusing. Lih-'au-tsih, mid summer festival. Tshung, to weigh. Doo-tshung, steel-yard. Seu-zah, to loose flesh. Thih, to post. Ts-dia.n. a strip of paper. Yi-siang-thien-khe, a shrewed plan. Khan, door-step. Khuh-tshong, to nod. Mi-sing, superstitious. Kyung, prohibit. Fah-so, to become ill. Hok-loen-tooZ-yoeh, summer complaint. Chapter xxxx. \Ve-sung, sanitatiou. Tsien-lan-we, exhibit. An, leisure. Tshok-mok-kyung-sing, to excite to action. 17 Chapter ,ti,

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, Tsan, a classifier. Tung, lamp. Hyien-ming, to expose. Saung.e, to injure. nematograph, E-tsh, injury. Zeuzeu, contagious. Me-kya, disease-carrier .. Chi, to get rid of. Tsheh-s-tse, to propagate. Kyau-zih, teacher. Suh-fah, devise a plan. XXXXI. Tsia, to lend. Phah-sah, to swat. Zui, to collect, Pau, to tie up. eggs, Thah, to smear. Kha, to wipe. We, to exchange. Chapter XXXXII. Kan, to select. Lan, rotten. Dok, poisen. Yautsang, school principal. Ang-dau-dzu, cherry tree. Thoen-ts, glutton. Bo, to climb. Tshan, to pick, to gather. Juh-dzong, very serious. 18 Chapter

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. e mO VE nu --e OW XXXXIII. Zih, to learn. S-voo, master mechanic. Tau-m-sa,can pass., misnamed. Pi-kyoeh, secret or private reason. Tsh-zui, in their order. Zoen-i, as you please. .Loen-wah, a scrawl. Nyien-de, ink slab. Moo-muh, to grind ink. Tshah, to examine. Hwo, to blot, to blur. Toen-tsune:, exactly proper. Bah, to pull. Tsan, to dip. Sah, wet. Koen, dry. N yah, to grasp. Gah-lau, grasp tightly. Iau, loins. Chok, crooked. case, to encase. XXXXIV. Kong-nyi, artisans. Tsing-ih-jeu-tsing, from good to better. Fah-dah, prosperous. Tsuh, to weave. 19 Chapter

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, Kong-dzang, factory. Veh-phing, goods. Siau, to export. Ka-lien-veh-me, cheap and good. Lang-zing, lonesome. Long, alley. Tsuh-kyi, loom. Chi-ziang, condition. Tsoo-yeu, about. Mok-ming--ji-miau, do not understand. Yang-tsaunit, foreign market. Ding-.hoo, to order, (goods). Li-z-zeh-be hundred percent profit. Yang-dze, foreign frofit. Koo, to regard. Nyoen-liau, original material. Tsheh-phing-hoo, products. Tsaung, to load, to pack. Se, broken. Ih-ba-doo-di,gone 'f Thoen-sing-peh-tsok Ii zien seh, the greedy man looses both principal and interest, vu p l=l Chapter XXXXV. sauce. Ji-yui, the rest, the balance. Khe-siau, expenses. Tsau-we, license. Tshiang, to mix. Vah, to punish. charges. 20

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. Lihveh-dzu, ur.able to continue. Kehvehsoen, unprofitable. Ts-yangliau, nourishingo Dzungvung, percentage, Dan bahtsuh, albumen. Poo, tonic. Kong-yau, results. Sung, superior. Tshaung-ban, to promote (a company). XXXXVI. re er v.huL -onE tuh? -I. HT& Chapter XXXXVII. Tang-tsiau, intercede. Iung-kan, purgatory. Yoen-kyui, evil genius. Long-song, to injure. Yang-kan, a place of happiness. Kong-gong, community. Kyiensuh, knowledge. Ting, to sting:. offerings. Chi-mi, bad-smell, lung-keu, drain. germs. Chapter XXXXVIII. Yeu-lih, to travel. Sieu, translucent, 21 Chapter

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    LESSONS TN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. Tsauh, to build. Meu-zung, Hyeu-sih, to rest. pleasurable. Thah, a pagoda. Poo-ts, to decorate. Ieu-ya, sedate. Fi-van, exceedingly. Yeu-khah, tourists. Tsuh-yoen, an employee, ,['.., XXX}{IX. Dzah, Ti~ming,an eye for an eye, a tooth for a to::ith., Kyung-tsong, fire bell. Mok-ts mok-kok, feelin;sless. Kyien-tsauh, to build. Mang-mih, dose together. Khong-di, empty space. Tsih-zeu, to receive. Tsah, to binde. An, to limit. Koen kyung,, to expedite. Hoo_vah, gun-powder. Nyien-peh, mortar. Pau, to explode. Hong, to explode. Tshi-tshoen, pityful. Sung, to injure. Lien-1:a-kwan-yi, responsibility. Yoen-waung, to slander. 22 Chapter :k

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, Hoo-seh, goods. Hyoeh-pung-, capital. Liau, gain. Hwe-chi, no hope. L. Tang lih, hunting. Dz-theh-ts, aside from. San-ya, moutainous. Ts-tspehvug, to We hyien, dangerous. Ih-lok, delightful. Ling-chau, clever. Ts-thau, muzzle. An, to carry in the mouth. Chapter LI. a deceiver, Siang-mien, face re l
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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, Zang-liang, glittering. Fan-siang-tau-lcen, tumultuous. Seu, to search. Be, to hide. Zah-kyeh, excited. Liang, beam. Faung-s, braggadocio. Nyau-so, to forgive. because of ( your kindness). Seu-lieu, to provide for Pau-wan1 return a kindness. Liii. Bien-bib, to distinguish. Kyuin-ts, a gentleman. Siau-nyung, a mean pea son. Zoen-we, society. Kyautsi-waung-le, to associate. Sing.thok, to trust. We-bi, to avoid. Chui.jok, to exi:;el. Kyung-nyien, experience. Di-sing, to remind. Tshung-tsan, to praise. Koo-suh, faults. Ke, to change. sung, self-sacrifice. kyih, to suppcrt. to change. to associate Chapter 24

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAi DIALECT, Sien-poo, promulgate. .R LIV. Tsauh-kwa, to be hoo-dood. Thau, to take a wife. up. Mung, disgusted. Pi, to clorn. Thong-.zung, to pacify. Seu-tsih, remain single. Dzok-yien, second wife. Tsuni;;-nyih, wedding day. Ih-doen, a ball. Kwung, to roll. Oen-'oc-dau, addled. Chapter LV. Tshien, to remove. Pi-kyau, to compare. Yih-zen-zu-tsh, in like manner. Poc-wa, shabby. Z-s, contemporary. to go to excess. Chapter LVI. be fitial. Ts-mi, taste. We-kheu, apetite. Tshoen-tsah, clothing. Sang-jien, frugal. Chi-tsau Chapter 25

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, Veh-tsongthin_r, distasteful. Sde, generatioil, Tshoo-bung, courEe, LVII. Ji.nyui, prostitute. Su-nyih, summer he1t. Yuin, dizzy. Tshah'au, nick-name. Biau, fornication. Too, to gamble. Chapter L VIII. Singzeh, honest. Bau-nyah, cruel. R-hyi, to consider of no importance. Zung-ts, minister of state. Nyandeu, idea. friendly relation?. Dzu-bih, to take Tsoo-ah-deu, security. Paung, Idict. Poo, to issue, Sahdzang, Zeu-si, to be exe:uted. Lauh-loen, confused. Tshong:tshonr Chapter LIX. Von.rzung, to flatter. Zeu-lau, Ngan-kwaunr, eyesi. ht. Chapter 26

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    L,:ssoNs IN THE SHANGHAI DrAr.ECT. LX. Sang-nyih, birthday. Hyang, incense. Pau-yeu, to protect. Tsok-fok, to bless. Li-khok, a shell. Deh-chi-le, to pile up. Tse, to load. Tsong-lieu, current(of a river). Ne.oo, inland water way. Kyih, to disturb. San-tse, to disperse. Chapter LXI. Tsheu, bad oder. l.Jzung, dust. K wung-theu, well boiled. Lih-ko{1, filtered. sift. )ung-jien, diligent. Peh-tsheh, accidental. Chapter LXII. Zok-seu, skillful. Fah-ming to introduce. Fi, to Zen-sung-kyi, transmitter. Tsh, fin. Chapter 27

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, LXIII. Tang-thing, to inve3tigate. Pok-khoo, to divine. Tshong-van, to transgress. Ling, practicable. of time. Ih-thing, to relax. Chapter LXIV. Tsau-le, to look for business. I kwen, costumes. Toen-tsung, proper, correct. Tshen, a string (of beads). crabs. J ien, to hold with tongs. Zien, to turn round. Tung-z, immediately. Pe-thuh, to pull apart. Phah-seu, to clap the hands. Kyuin-sah, to feei ashamed. Wan, to bend. Chapter LXV. Lau-kong, labour. Vehsing-tsong, not desirable. condition Soo-tshen, vegetable diate. Su-zih, lrtera ture. Thih-poo, to supplement. Tan-ts, burden. Kyau, to sprinkle. Iui, to feed. Chapter 28 f,

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. review (as a book). Tsau-iung, to care for. Ts-chi, the will. I, to agree to. LXVI. Zeh-yien, recant. watch. Nyi-sing, to doubt. Koo-tseh, canservative. Kyih-s k, quickly. Doen-thi, union. Chapter LXVII. Tsung, honorable. Kwen,, Ti-vi,low,,mean. Zeh-tsha, messenger. Z.Iih, independence. Zung-zong, highly important. Tsu-zong, emphasize. Tsing-zung, robust. Kyi-nyok, muscles. Tshone;-tsok, complete. Thi.tshau, calisthenics. Lihwung, divorce. Chapter LXVIII. dispensary. concern me. excuse. 29 Chapter

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGH.~I DIALECI', Feu-tsuh, otherwise. Fah-phiau, bill. Thau-tsarrg, collector Theu-pen-dzang, to take French leave. Fong-bi, sealing order. Fong.chi-le, to seal officially. Kheu deduct. Vong-ts, in the name of. Yui-tan, order. Phah-ma, Chuh-chui, to suffer loss. LXIX. Kyau-wah, crafty, wily. Hwe-seh, grey, poison. Fan-r, on the contrary. Nyan kyung, to recite prayers. Tsi, crowded. Sau-kyien-roo-kwa, country Ka-zo, a tame snake. '.Cau-me, to meet with misfortune. Chapter LXX. Ngan-so. trachoma. Yui-baung, to take precaution. Khoo-lib-sing, granulated lids. Ngan-jeu, eye-ball Tsihtshok, point of contact. Bok-i, a film. important, do not forget. Jui-zih, to resist. 30 Chapter

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALF,CT. LXXI. Tsih-nyi, to inform K wen-deu-zeh-veh, tined goods. Ting ji, tabco. Chapter LXXII. K weh-tsuh, bone consistency. Nga-dz, teeth enamel Zeh-tsuh.thi, solid. Faung-feh, in like manner. Dau-chi, earthernware. Lih, split. Thaung, hot. Ziah, to masticate. Siau-hyoeh-kwen, veins. Nau-chi-kyung, brain nerves. Tsh, to puncture. Khauh-thuh, split off. Tshong--ming-ng.a-tsh, wisdow teeth. Tshih, incisers. Ben-nga, molars. Chapter ELF LXXIII. Tiau-tsaung, to recover stolen goods. reverently. J ien, to lift up. Wung veh la sung laung, insensible. Tsing-the liang-nan, two fires. 31 Chapter J:

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. LXXIV. Dokyab, noxious drugs. Mien-z thcoseh, blanch faced. Tshong-, to pour. S.ts, limbs of the body. Tsaun];tsung, stolen goods. Chapter LXXV. Phung, to spray. Thien-sang, original. Zahkau, plas'.er of Paris. Dau tub, virture. Tsauh-bi, tO practice de ception. Me-Ian, molded. So, cotton thread. Nyung-kah, manly. Chapter LXXVI. the five Principals. Jung-ts-tse tsheh, jung muh tse huh,If you lie down with dogs you will get up with flees., Ngoosiang, mutual. H wothien-tsieu-di, a profligate. Pendoo-r-fi, to give up half way. Chapter LXXVII. Dien-yienmih Kheu-z-singfi, a dece.iver. 32 Chaqter \tli.

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    LESSONS TN THE SHANGHAl DIALECT. Chapter LXX VIII. hatred. Chapter LXXIX. Wan-bi, naughty. r Pok-kwo-ba, a divining board. Tshase, to tear. cover. Chapter LXXX. ,l ... Lieu-sing, to be careful. Tsung-tsau, to observe, to keep. Sau-zau, to trnuble, to with. Thaungmung-poo, jinriksha apron. ,b,._ Zeh-veh, foodstuff. Ka-yien-zah, pavement. Bing ba-bau, to run a-breast. Chapter LXXXI. criminal case. Mm.:th ling-z kwensok, without consular representat10n. -+- Zeh-okpeh so, u 11for gi vable. Kau sah, to strangle to death. Chapter LXXXII. Zensok, board and lodging. Wen-pih-ts, finished. 33

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    LESSONS lN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. LXXXIII. Tsongtshieu-tsih, Autum Festival. Li-hau, put in order. Zeh-veh, miscellaneous articles. Hau-i, kindly thought. Chapter LXXXIV. Tshing-tshoen, a clear voice. eYen, soft. Zung-kyih, .dainty. Zeh-hyienmixed colors. artist. Suh-tshih, a theft. Chapter LXXXV. Jui-fong, tornado. Ling-yeu-ih kong, exceptional. Lau-bwoofong, a storm. Waung-yang, expansive. Au, a depression. Fah-song, Pa-doo, to ferry. Chapter LXXXVI. diary. Dzung, a sheet (of rain). Hwaung-fi, to waste. Zang-voo, action, energetic. Daung koo, preserved fruit. Thi-tshau-bang, gymnasium. 34 Chapter 3IH ---n

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. LXXXVII. Bade, to form a colum. Z-dz, relf-control. Ang kyok-kong, to bow. Chapter LXXXVIII. Tsih-hyok, to accumulate. Lieu, to hand down. W e-we-zen, Be vok, to submit to. animal. Yien-kwhen, cash. Nco-di, a slave. Sing-ngoo, to recollect. Kong-ih, public brnefit. Chapter LXXXX. Chi kyui-i ung-zeh, ciaily life. Kwaunbfolcts zien, before the Revolution. Chi-pha, appearance. Chapter LXXXXI. Su-vok, comfortable. flavor. Zih-kwan dz,rng z-zen, to become a habit. Chapter LXXXXII. Kyih-tshe, decoration. 3::Chapter

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    LEssoNs IN Tr-rn SHANGHAI DIALECT, Koktsung, Government. Ji koen, flag pole. Vong, a phoeuix, Pingzen, man of war. a feast. Vung'oo of the government. Yeu-hyi, to play games. Chapter LXXXXIII. den. p}iazah, to be appointed. Zui too, to gamble. Zok-nyung, an acquaintance. Poseu, to guard. Veh-theu-kwaung, opaque. LXXXXIV. Zensingsih, newscarrier. Kbuh, to \Vehzpan, movable type. Bazkuh-nyun:s, a type-setter. to print. paper Kwa, to acuse. Voo-sien dien, radio. Chapter LXXXXV. Ditshaung, to promote. Kyahtsong, ihe highest. Non5-nyih, agricnlture. Diauiah, 36 Chapter

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    LESSONS IN T1-rn SHANGHAI DIALECT, Vung-r::eh yau sung-, exasperated. Zing-si, commit suicide. Auh-kong, temple of literature, Kyen-wah, crafty. Koks, national strength. Doen-chi, dead. Tshi-tshoen, piteous. enlist in the army. Kyuin-chi, of war. Nub-seen, to pay taxes. Piau-kyi, evidence. LXXXXVI. Zok-sih, well informed. Siau-khaung-ts-kya, in easy circumstances. Ling-tsong, at the time of death. Yi-tsok, a will. Ka-tsaung, bridal presents. dense, ignorant. Chapter LXXXXVII. Dih, to lny provisions. clouds. line. Pck, to reel. Ih de, a regiment. Ngoo-juh, starved. swallow, 37 Chapter

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. LXXXXVIII. Kyi-men, scheme. Wang-yung-peh-fah, lawless. Mih, to search for. Sien-tshau, me5ical herb Dong boy. Dong nyui, a girl. Sung-phe, physique. Zing-Ji, reasonable. Ling-zieu, le:1der. Ka-mau, to pretend. Chapter ,1J LXXXXIX. Capital. in turn. all quarters. market, a Chapter Cl. Fah-dze-phiau, lottery ticket. Deu-tshe, first prize. Thong tsha, average. Tsien, to strike an average. shop. Kyeu-ng-kheu, less five per cent. Kau-the, to Chapter CH. Kon.S;.tub, merit. Van-veh-ts-ling, superior being. Tshung-hoo, the name or title by which one is called. Chapter 38

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    LESSONS IN TI-rn SHANGHAI DIALECT. Ts-kyok, sensibility. E-sih, to pity. Dzong-tsongtshui-li, to make profit out of. Za, exasperate. Tsau-yau, reflection. CHI. Pien, to arran:e. Ka-mok-piau, price list. Tsoo-tsuh, to accomplish. Bi-bing, fau1.ts. Khau-tsok-kaung, black mail. Tsuh-zung, responsibility. Zing-kwe-dau-kyui, correct, proper Zan-deu, section. Tsang.lung-, quarrel. Chapter LIV. Yeukwen, to take a walk. Thok-deu, bare headed. Tsien, sharp sound. Hah, to drink. Ok-yung, disgusting. Chapter CV. Tsau ba, sign board. Seh-su, story teller. San-kok-ts, The three Kingdoms, Teu-dong-dien, topass the hat,, Chapter 39

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, CVI. Tsien-len, a pickp JCket. Zung-d JO, status. a :?;lance. En-au, secret signal. dis3.ppear. Tsu-i, to take note. Chapter CVII. Kyau-ngan, proud. Ma.joen-deu-kuh, a pusilist. Kho-kheu, to boast. Tang-joen, to box. Hahpa-ka-ts, to pretend. Pi'oo, wrestlin6. Huh-tshan, to cheer. refereJ. Ti-dih, to oppose. Chapter CVIII. Lauh-choen-thau, to fall into a snare. Dau-hyi, to con:rratulations. Tang-fah, to send. Zeh-hoo-tien, store. Thih-mo, hair pin. Phiau-liang, beautiful. Be, to accompany. Chapter CIX. Lau-pan, proprietor. Kyung liang, weight. Chapter 40

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    LESSONS IN Tim SHANGHAI DIALECT. Jui-den, counter. Ka-khe-le, to loosen. Too-seh-too-wo, gossip. ex. Fong-kwan, closing. Ne.zung, wife. Chien, to lead. Zoo-we, sitting. Woo soo, mustache. Ge}1-kyungts, to fold. Tshong, to grab, to snatch. Tsaung-phiau, native bank order. Chapter w CXI. root. Jang-bau, vicious. Kantso, sly, cunning. ]ien-phok, industrious. Han-wan, proud. Kyui-sok, cowering. Dzan-zih, deformed. Tshenrnen, of success. Chapter CXII. Sang-fan, a savage meaningless talk. Kyuin-zen, entirely. Chapter 41

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. Mi-zung-yah, anaesthetic, Z-dzeh-koo-ka, market price. Chapter CXIII. Dan-thien-seh-di, casual conversation. Tsuh-tshan, products. Zungzings.thoo, customs, conditions. Dau-ts, attendance. Kyien-bien, common, ordinary. CXIV. Dzung sing, determination. Tsih yui tsong fah yui wan,From the abundance of the heart the most speaketh Tshoenpang, exposed. Hyangzaung, ambitious. Wan-nan, Yung-yok, licentious. Ioen'ung, to hate. Tsong-eu, reliable. Lieufaung-pah-s, held in perpetual memory. Chapter cxv. Ts-zau, to build, to manufacture. Daung, to hang. Tso-den, bomb, Tso-sah te-dih, to bomb the enemy. Dung khong, to suspend in mid air. Z-yeu 'ang~dong, to move at will. Tsen-dzong-lih, lifting capacity. Zok-kyeh-phau, mortar. Fong-deu, danger. Chapter 42

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT. CXVI. Tshabong-zen, sailing ship. Fong-tsho, avehickle propelled by air. Fi-thing, aeroplain. rudder. Kenliang-tse, improved. Zbing-kyi, gyroscope. Phien, to careen. Chapter CXVII. Tseh yah kya, philosopher. Kong-bing, just. Tsungtaung, reputable. Zok, clan, Oowan, clamaty. Chapter CXVIII. Thau.ien, di stas eful. E.kok, patriotic. Mih-tshih, concerns greatly. Yaman, vicious, uncivilized. Kbehwo, civilized. Chi-men, to impose upon. Chapter CXIX. Pamaung, to pay a ceremonial call. Thefoo, what is your honorable name. Kau-iatuhjuh, highly educated. Kcikia, your Honor. Zansooauhtshien, uneducated. Konghyi, to congratulate. 43 Chapter

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    LESSONS IN THE SHANGHAI DIALECT, Aung-kyi, are you the first or second son? Tsungkang, your hononi.ble age. cxx. Hyung-long, prosperous, Zchiett vong-zung, to deceive ones self. Tsok-ih, to make a bow. Soe-kyien, humble dwelling. Ling-kyau, to converse. Chapter

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    Lesson Page. Line. Error. Correction. No. 71 ..... 93 .......... 1 ,71 ...... 93 ............ 4 .............auh ......... au ,, 74 ...... 9 8 ............ 14 . ............. se ........... seh ,, 76 ..... I O I ............ 7 . ........... hih ........... huh ,78 ...... 105 ........... 11. ... . ......... nyieu ........ nyien ,, 80 ..... 107 .......... 1. ............. au ........ .. ,So ..... 108 ........... 13 ............ kyau ......... hya u ,, 81 ..... 109 ....... .... 5 ............. kiau ......... diau ,Sr .... 109 ............ 6 ............ sa ........... sah ,81 ...... 110 ............ 5 ............ kwei ............ kwen ,Sr ..... 110 .......... 9 ......... ...... ze .......... .... dze ,82 ...... III .......... 6 ............. hyi ... ........ kyi ,82 ...... III ............ 15 ....... ....... doug ...... .... . dong ,83 .... II2 ........... 3 .............. tsohg ...... tsong 8 4 ..... II3 ............ 5 ............. .. ma .... . ... me ,85 ...... rrs ....... ..... 2 ,8 6 ...... rr7 ........... Ir. ............. tsheu ........ tshau ,88 ..... rr9 ........... 4 .............. khau ....... kaung ,, 90 ...... 5 .............. iau .......... .. lau ,9I ...... 1 2 4 ............ I2.. . ........ tien ....... ... ting .......... 2I ,QI ..... 7 .... ......... kwua ...... ... kwan ,92 ..... 6 ... ........ kyoen ........ koen :127~ .. :;: .; . :::::-i:c :::-. ; : ......... ,93 ...... 128 ............ 5 .. ............. phn ........... pen .94 ..... 130 ........... I2 ........... veh ,, 95 ...... 13I ............ 4 .... ........ yah ........... kyah I 3 I ........... II z ,96 ..... I 3 4 ............ IS ,98 ...... I37 ............ 2 ............ ngen . .... ... ngan 9 8 ...... I 37 ............ 3 ............. hev ............ veh ,IOI ...... I42 ...... ...... 2 ...... ......... keh ........... ke ,, I03 ...... 14 5 ............ 5 .............. ke ........... keh ,, 103 ...... I46 ...... .. 8 .............. ung ......... iung ,, 103 ...... 146 .......... 10 .............. stioo ........... tsoo ,, I04 ...... 148 ........... 8 ............... iuh ...... ....]l ,105 ..... 15 0 ........... I4 .............. y1h ............ yuh ,, 108 ...... I 5 4 ............ 13 ............... dou .... .... .... deu IIO ...... 15 7 ............ I4 ............... keh ............ ke ,I Io ..... I57 ............ 20 ............ tsonh ......... tsauh I I0 ...... 158 ......... ,. 2 ............... phio u ......... ph1 a u ,I II ...... I58 ... ....... 6 ............... kzung ......... d zung ,, I 13 ...... I63 ............ I. . ........... tei ......... .. th1 ,I 14 ...... I64 ............ !. .... .........]ui ......... yu1 I I7 ...... I69 ............ 8............... .. ,I 19 ...... I 7 I ............ 8 ............... tsou .......... tsau I I9 ...... I 7 1 ............ 9 ............... ther .. ........ the