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Report of the state of public health in Burma during 1947

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Report of the state of public health in Burma during 1947
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Rangoon
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Spdt., Govt. Printing and Stationery, Union of Burma
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101 p., [3] fold-out graphs : ill.

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Public health -- Burma ( lcsh )
Public health ( lcsh )
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Asia -- Myanmar
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22 x 96

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"Extract from the proceedings of the Government of the Union of Burma, Ministry of Health, -- No. 27SD(X)49, dated the 30th September 1949." -- Prelim.

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Full Text
LIST OF AGENTS FOR THE SALE OF
GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS.
In Burma.
City Book Club, 98. Phayre street Rangoon.
continental Tradino co* Moulmein,
Maung Ld Gale, Govt. Law Book Agent, 84th Street. Mandalay.
Messrs. K. Bin Hoon & Sons, Nyaunglebin.
New Light of Burma Press. Rangoon,
Proprietor. Thu Dhama Wadi Press, Rangoon.
Proprietor, Burma News agency, 135, Fraser Street, Rangoon.
Burma Book Company, 62, Barr Street, Rangoon.
Burma Educational Book Shop. 551-3 Merchant Street, Rangoon.
In India.
Messrs. Higginbothau, Madras.
Messrs. thackbh Spink & Co. (1933). Ltd. Calcutta.
In Europe.


REPORT
ON THE
State of Public Health in Burma
During 1947.
RANGOON
SUPDT., GOVT. PRINTING AND STATIONERY, BURMA
1950


RESOLUTION
on the
Annual Report on the State of Public
Health in Burma
For the Year 1947.
[Extract from the Proceedings of the Government of the Union of Burma, Ministry
of Health,No. 27SD(X)49, dated the 30th September 1949.]
Read
The Annual Report on the State of Public Health in Burma for the year 1947.
Resolved that
The Report be published,
By order,
J BA NYUN,
Deputy Secy. to the Govt, of the Union of Burma,
Ministry of Health.


TABLE OF CONTENTS.
[REPORT ON THE STATE OF PUBLIC HEALTH IN BURMA
DURING 1947 ]
CHAPTER I.
Introduction.
pafie
Rainfall ... 1
Economic Conditions ... 1
CHAPTER II.
Commentary on Vital Statistics.
Population ... ... 2
Registration and Transmission -2
Birth Rate (Urban) 1 2
Death Rate (Urban) 3
CHAPTER Iii.
Principal Epidemic Diseases.
Cholera ...
Small-pox ... 4
Plague ... ... 4
Measures directed against Epidemic Diseases 5
CHAPTER IV.
The Principal Diseases, Non-Epidemic in Burma.
Malaria ... 5
Malaria Control Units 7
Leprosy ... 8
Leprosy Clinic Van 8
Fevers 9
Enteric Fever ... 9
Dysentery and Diarrhoea 9
Respiratory Diseases 9
Tuberculosis ... 10
Berlberi ... - 10
Cerebrospinal Meningitis ... 10
CHAPTER V.
Urban and Rural Sanitation.
Urban Sanitation
General 10
Water Supplies ... .10
Conservancy ... H
Markets ~ H


ii
table of contents
CHAPTER VI.
Maternity and Child Welfare.
pagf
Maternal Mortality Rate 11
Still-birth Rate 12
Infant Mortality Rate 12
Maternity Work ... 12
Child Welfare Work 12
CHAPTER VII.
Public Health Propaganda.
Hygiene Publicity ... 15
Burma Red Cross Society and Health Propaganda 16
CHAPTER VIII.
Personnel employed on Public He/lth Work.
District Staff ... 16
Headquarters Staff 17


REPORT
on the
State of Public Health in Burma
During the year 1947.
CHAPTER I.
Introduction.
[On account of the fact that the collection of Vital Statistics in rural areas could
not yet be reintroduced for want of requisite forms and registers, figures in respect
of towns in Burma only have been dealt with in this report. Calculations have also
been based on the population figures of the 1931 census.]
Rainfall.A short account of the rainfall in Burma during the wet
period May to October 1947, received from the Director, Meteoro-
logical Department is furnished below :
The total rainfall of the month of May was in moderate defect in
the divisions. Some of the noteworthly falls of heavy rain recorded
during the month were :3'0" at Tavoy on the 12th, 3*3" at Yandoon
on che 19th, 3'5" at Kyauktan and 3*4" at Minbu on the 23rd, 2'6" at
Shcrbangon on the 29th, 4'4" at Wetlet and 2*3" at Shanmange on the
30th and 3'1" at Thayetchaung on the 31st.
In the month of June, rainfall was in moderate excess in the
Tenasserim and generally normal in the Delta and Dry Zone.
In the month of July, rainfall was normal at Tenasserim, nearly
normal in the Dry Zone and in slight excess in the Delta.
In the month of August, rainfall was in moderate excess in
the Dry Zone and in slight defect in the Delta.
In the month of September, rainfall was normal in the Delta, in
slight defect in the Tenasserim and in slight excess in the Dry Zone.
In the month of October, rainfall was in slight excess in the Delta,
in moderate excess in the Dry Zone and in moderate defect in the
Tenasserim.
Economic Conditions.The Commissioner of Settlements and
Land Records stated that he was not in a position to compile an
authoritative account of the economic conditions in Burma during the
year 1947 as applicable to the whole of the population in Burma.


2
report on the state of public
But from the reports received from the District Health Officers it is
known that the relations between landlords and tenants throughout the
country were generally unsatisfactory and the prices of most essential
commodities including the staple food rice, had risen to three to
four times the normal pre-war prices.
CHAPTER II.
Commentary on Vital Statistics.
Population.The population of Burma according to 1931 census
is 14,657,006. A perusal of the main vital statistics statements will,
however, show that they relateto-a population of 1,387,428 only.
The reason for this vast difference is that the statistics in the main
statements refer to only 70 urban areas of Burma. The statistics of
all districts (13,244,24.S) including those of the nine districts where
they are normally considered to be inaccurate have to be left out as
the collection of Vital Statistics has not been taken up in these areas
for want of necessary forms and registers. The population of Minbya
has also been omitted as it has not yet been revived as a Municipal
area and also those of the Cantonments of Rangoon, Mingaladon,
Mandalay and Maymyo as these have not been established during
the year.
Registration and Transmission.The ward headmen or vacci-
nators in the case of small Municipalities act as registrars of births and
deaths. They transmit the birth and death foils to the Health Officer
once a week ; weekly and monthly returns are submitted by the
Health Officer on the prescribed forms to the office of the Director of
Medical and Health Services, Burma, where the final consolidation of
all figures takes place.
Birth and Death Rates.
Birth Rate (Urban).The rate is 33*49. It shows a decrease of
3*15 compared with the rate for the year 1940. Thirty-two towns
have recorded rates higher than this year's urban mean and 27 above
their respective rates for the year 1940. The highest rates during the
year have been recorded in Kawkareik 50*95, Taungdwingyi 49*53,
Kamayut 48*92, Thaton 48*90, Maymyo 48*53, Syriam 48*24 and
Moulmeingyun 43*24.
Except Taungdvvingyi the reasons for the high rates recorded in
the other towns may be attributed to good registration and the general
increase of population in the urban areas owing to the various
disturbances occurring in the rural areas. The number of births
registered in those places show a marked increase compared with the
births registered in the year 1940. The towns recording the lowest
rates are Akyab 877, Chauk 9*5-1, Nyaung-U 11*95, Myitnge 15*84,


health in burma during 1947.
3
Kyaukse 17*95 and Prome 15*94. The low birth rate in Akyab is to a
great extent to be attributed to the fact that the town had as yet not
been properly re-established after the war as it was only towards the
1st quarter of the year 1946, that the Civil population was allowed to
re-enter the town which had been razed to the ground during the war.
The factor of predominance of males over females it is believed, is to a
some extent responsible for the low rates in Chauk and Myitnge.
The low rates in Nyaung-U, Kyaukse and Prome indicate that improve-
ment in registration is needed.
Death Rate (Urban).The urban rate 32*84 shows a drojp of 6*66
compared with the rate of 1940.
The mortality from the principal diseases were as follows :
Pneumonia 4,002, Pulmonary tuberculosis 1,999 and Other Fevers
2,741. Thirty-one cut of 70 towns included in the main statements
recorded rates above the current year's urban mean and 21 above their
respective rates for the year 1940. The highest rates during the year
were recorded in Moulmeingyun 75'00, Kamayut 69*60, Thayetmyo
62*51, Myaungmya 61*26, Kyaiklat 59*58, Kanbe 54*75, Thingangyun
54*48 and Yenangyaung 51*36. In the towns of Moulmeingyuni
Kyaiklat and Yenangyaung the number of deaths ascribed to malaria is
three times that recorded in the year 1940. In Kamayut and
Thingangyun the increase in the death rates were mainly due to
increased number of deaths from all other causes. The high death rates
in Thayetmyo and Kanbe are due principally to high incidence of
small-pox and fevers. The towns returning the lowest death rates are
Akyab 4*31, M.yitnge 5*63, Yamethin 12*38, Sandoway 14*99, Nattalin
16*86, Kyangin 16*67, Shwegyin 17*87, Toungoo 17*53, Kyaukse 17*54,
Prome 18*48, Shwedaung 18*79, Minbu 18*65 and Magwe 19*98.
In Akyab the low death rate is clue to the same condition that contributed
to the low birth rate of the town. In Myitnge a large proportion of the
population being the employees in the Burma Railways Workshop are
adults in the age period 25 to 40 among whom mortality rate is
generally low.
CHAPTER III.
Principal Epidemic Diseases.
Major Epidemic Diseases.
The major epidemic diseases in Burma are cholera, plague and
small-pox. These diseases are notifiable both in rural and urban areas.
The responsibility for taking preventive measures rests upon the local
bodies. The vaccination staff employed by them is considered
satisfactory and they are generally able to control an out-break of
small-pox within their jurisdictions. In the case of cholera and plague,


4
report on the state of public
the Health Officers in towns are in most cases capable of controlling the
out-breaks, but District Councils and Deputy Commissioner's Local
Fund areas have to depend mainly upon the Public Health Sub-
Assistant Surgeons and three Epidemic Mobile Teams of this Depart-
ment. During the year the Mobile Teams were detailed to Prome,
Myanaung, Kyangin, Yenangy^ung and Thayetmyo towns and to rural
areas of Sagaing, Yamethin, Meiktila, Thayetmyo, Henzada, Magwe,
Pakokku and Upper Chindwin.
Cholera (Urban).Except in Moulmein town cholera was not
prevalent in urban areas to any wide extent. Only eight towns out of
70 reported deaths from this disease. Seventy-one deaths were recorded
against 708 in 1940 ; the rate 0'05 being 0'45 below the rate of 1940.
The highest number of deaths (50) was reported from Moulmein.
In this connection the Health Officer, Moulmein, remarks :
"There were two sporadic cases in January, in the 3rd Circle, Nayabusty, the
month of February being free from cholera. The real onset of the epidemic was in
the month of March. The first case was at Karugyaung Street, 5th Division ; the
second was at Furlong Road and the third at Dinewunkwin Road. The cases were
far away from each other and no history of contact between one another could be
obtained. All three cases gave a history of errors in diet after fatigue having
precipitated the attack. (From the history given, all three cases were exposed to
fatigue, and then some error in the diet immediately brought on the attacks.)
Mokede.e, pork curry with country liquor were stated to be the substances ingested
shortly, before the attacks. There were 12 cases in March followed by 9 in April ;
the epidemic reached its peak in May with 30 cases. In June there were 16 cases.
The epidemic then subsided and the months of July, August and September were
free from infection. In October there were two cases one of which was imported
from Minywa Village, the other caught the infection from the imported case.
November and December were free from this disease."
The other towns which reported deaths from this disease are
Toungco (7), Nyaunglebin (5), Rangoon (4), Pyapon (2), Shwedaung (l),
Paungde (1) and Kyaikto 0).
Small-pox (Urban).The death rate from this disease 0*73 is 1'08
less than the rate for the year 1940. The highest rates were recorded
in Thayetmyo 20'5, Kyaiklat 3*19, A-llanmyo 2'00. Of the total deaths
viz., 1,008 from this disease, Rangoon town recorded 626. In
Thayetmyo there was a total of 296 attacks with 191 deaths. The
spread of the disease was due to concealment of a number of cases
until it fUred up in epidemic form. Thirteen persons including a ward
headman, a Municipal Committee member and some well-to-do people
were sentenced by the Honorary Magistrate to pay fines for failure to
report small-pox cases.
Plague (0*30).This figure shows a fall of 0*25 compared with the
rate for the year 1940. The highest rates were returned from
Danubyu 3*32, Yamethin 3 01, Myanaung 2*65, Kyangin 2'65 and
Ye-U 2*41. Twenty-six towns reported free from this disease during
the year under report.


health in burma during 1947.
5
Measures directed against Epidemic Diseases.All the three
epidemic diseases mentioned in the previous paragraphs are preventable
and the public health staff would be able to bring an out-break under
control within a reasonable time if the people would follow the simple
instructions given to them. By means of health talks, lectures and
distribution of pamphlets the public are constantly educated as to the
nature of these diseases and the various ways they can help to prevent
their spread. But most people are inclined to rely chiefly on preven-
tive inoculations and neglect the principal preventive method of
improvement of general sanitation of the neighbourhood.
Cholera.For the control of this disease the principal measures
adopted are disinfection of water supplies, control of the sale of food
and drinks, disinfection of infected and neighbouring houses and
protection of the people with anli-cholera inoculation. The total
number of inoculations performed during the year was 141,813 of
which 100,787 were in rural and 41,026 in the urban areas.
Plague.Anti-plague measures including anti-plague inoculation of
the people and destruction of rats by various means were carried out.
The number of anti-plague inoculations performed during the year was
166,475 of which 88,102 were in rural and 78,363 in urban areas>^
206,809 rat-holes were closed dowTn, 177,366 were fumigated and
345,124 rats were killed. The largest number of rats killed, viz
254,593 is reported from the Rangoon Corporation area.
Small-pox.The most effective preventive against small-pox is
vaccination. The immunity conferred by a primary vaccination wanes
after a period of years, so that it is necessary for an individual to keep
himself revaccinated at intervals if he is to be fully protected.
A separate report showing the state of vaccination in this country is
published as Appendix A to this Report.
CHAPTER IV.
The Principal Diseases, Non-Epidemic in Burma.
Malaria.'This disease accounted for 3,062 deaths during the year.
This year's rate 2*21 shows a slight increase of 0 07 compared with the
rate for the year 1940. The towns recording the highest death rates from
this disease are Wakema 19'99, Kyaiklat 12*01, Moulmeiugyun 9'94,
Mergui 946, Ngathainggyaung 8*92, Kyaikto 7'87, Thaton 6'82,
Salin 6*61, Paungde 6*31 and Pyu 6'28.
The following extracts are taken from the Annual Public Health
Reports of various urban areas :
11 Wakema is a lowlying place with paddy fields all around. It
remains submerged under water for half of the year. When the water
subsides several stagnant pools are formed, which help the breeding of
mosquitoes.


6
report on the state of public
Moreover most of the people living in this town are traders ; tbey
often go out to other highly malarious places, such as Labutta, fire-
wood jungles, etc., and get infected. Malaria becomes therefore, one
of the chief causes of sickness in this town.
No spleen index was taken during the year. Because of the
introduction of D.D.T. spraying mosquito breeding has been greatly
reduced.
KyaiklaUMalaria was prevalent in both M.T. and B.T. forms.
No special anti-malaria measures were adopted during the year under
report.
Moulmeingyun.There were 77 deaths during the year under
report. No spleen index was taken. The mosquito nuisance is great
especially during the rains. They breed mostly in road-side drains
and stagnant pools in all parts- of the town owing to bad drainage.
D.D.T. powder in D. oil was used in malaria control.
Mergui.It is common in the town and it topped the list of
previlent diseases during previous year. The disease declined during
the year under report. DDT. and Malaria oil were sprayed once a
week in all the drains and stagnant places. Wild vegetations were also
cleaned out by clay conservancy coolies occasionally.
Kyaikto.The disease was prevalent in Kyaikto town, especially
in the surrounding villages. Fifty-two deaths from malaria were
recorded during the year 1947. The highest number of deaths (10). was
recorded in March and lowest number, of death (1) was recorded in
August.
Thatoti.This disease is prevalent in this town mostly in those
parts closer to the hill. One hundred and fifteen deaths were attributed
to malaria during 1947. Malariol and D.D.T. solutions were sprayed
on stagnant pools and in public institutions.
Saltn.Malaria is prevalent in some parts of the town, especially
in the Kyaungya and Thidat quarters, where there are many gardens
and monasteries with paddy fields all around and no proper drainage
could be done. Malaria starts with the setting in of the. cold season,
sometimes in an epidemic form but fortunately during the year under
report no such epidemic broke out; Anti-malaria measures such as
cutting down overhanging branches and clearance of undergrowths,
filling up stagnant pools and spraying of D.D.T. upon water-logged
areas were carried out.
Paungde.Malaria headed the list in the number of mortality
cases during the year under report. The total number of deaths was
85. There is no anti-malaria campaign in this town. Poverty amongst
masses, not being able to have the most ordinary prophylactic measures
of having mosquito curtains in their houses, had been the main factor in
increased mortality under this head.


health in burma during 1947.
7
Pyu.Malaria is quite common here. There were 49 deaths
from this disease. Most of these come from the neighbouring villages
situated round about the Pegu Yoma foot hills. No special anti-
malarial measures were taken during the year with the exception of
clearing rank vegetations and cutting the drains during the rains."
Malaria Control Units.On resumption of the Civil Government
this Department inherited seven Malaria Control Units. They were
stationed in Prome, Yemethin, Pegu, Meiktila, Akyab, Lashio and
Kyaukpyu. These units attended to malaria control duty either in
1 towns or in rural areas and worked under the direct supervision and
control of the District Health Officers. In addition there was also one
unit in Rangoon which confined its activities to Rangoon town only in
the control of mosquito nuisance. All these Malaria Control Units
organized during the period of Military Administration were temporary
establishments. With the expiry of Government sanction 011 the
1st August, five units were disbinded and only three units were main-
tained, one each at Akyab, Kyaukpyu and Rangoon during the year.
D.D.T. spraying of the houses and breeding places, drain cutting and
dressing, jungle clearing, canalization, collection of adult mosquitoes and
larvae, reclamation, mepacrine distribution and taking of spleen census
were performed by the units. During the year under report 4,239 larvae
and 655 adult auopheline mosquitoes received from the units were
identified in the laboratory of the Malaria Bureau. Three million
mepacrine tablets were distributed to indigent persons through the
units.
The Gambusia fish hatchery at the Harcourt Butler Institute of
Public Health was revived.
This central hatchery is now in a position to supply the larvivorous
fish to the subsidiary hatcheries in the districts.
With a view to study post-war conditions of malaria the Assistant
Malariologist visited a group of villages in Hanthawaddy District. In
these villages malaria control was effected in pre-war days by.
introducing larvivorous fish into the tanks which serve as breeding
places for the local vector species A. aconitus. All the villages were
found with reduced spleen rates as follows :
Villages. 1934 1937 1947
per cent. per cent. per cent.
1. Kombndein 55 7 3
2. Kyarwin 28 5 4
3. K>ongan 23 5 2
4. Wegyi 36 22 2
5. Panchaung 45 28 5
6. Kamakalok 76 43 11


8
report on the state of public
He also visited the Bawgata area in the Toungoo District with the
Hydro-electric survey party as one of the members. It was only a
.preliminary survey lasting about three weeks ; a detail malaria survey of
the same aiea is to be conducted, when conditions permit.
This yearr was free from serious out-breaks in the country.
Leprosy.The number of deaths ascribed to Leprosy in towns
during 1947 is-219, the rate being 0*16. The largest number of deaths
have been recorded in Rangoon, Moulmein and Mandalay. This is
accounted for by the fact that most of the deaths reported in these
towns as due to leprosy, occurred in leper asylums.
There are four Leper Asylums or Homes in Burma, viz.> Rangoon
Leper Asylum, Kemmendine, St. John's Leper Asylum, Mandalay, Home
for Lepers, Mandalay and Moulmein Leper Home, having 309, 311,
175 and 152 leper inmates respectively at the close of the year. These
institutions are run by Christian Missions with grants-in-aid received
-from Government.
Prior to evacuation, there were nine voluntary District Leprosy
Relief Associations, e:ich managing a leper colony for housing, feeding
and treatment of lepers. These colonies were destined during the
war. Seven out of nine voluntary Associations have revived. The
Associations at Insein, Yamethin, Shwebo, Monywa and Minbu have
taken action to revive the colonies on the old sites and leper inmates
are accommodated in temporary structures. The new colony at
Thaton which was opened in 1946, continued to flourish during the
year. In the Southern Shan States, two colonies for isolation of lepers
continued to be run, one by the State at Kengtng and the other by the
Roman Catholic Mission at Loilem. The Burma Tuberculosis and
Leprosy Relief Association contributed Rs. 1,250 to the colony at
Thaton and Rs. 3,050 to the colony at Minbu to meet the cost of
constructing cottages. The British Empire Leprosy Relief Association,
Burma Council, which gave pecuniary aids to colonies before the war,
has not yet been revived. The number of leper inmates remaining in
leper colonies at the close of the year was 30 at Minbu, 60 at Thaton,
14 at Nyaunglun in Yamethin District, 4 at Satthadaw in Insein District,
411 at the State Colony at Kengtng and 76 at the Roman Catholic
Mission Colony at Loilem.
The Pagan Jail continued to function as an institution for isolation
and treatment of prisoners transferred from other prisons on account
of affliction with leprosy.
Leprosy Clinic Van.In order to revive the pre-war activity on
leprosy control, a Motor Van was presented during the year by the
Burma Tuberculosis and Leprosy Relief Association to Government to
be used by the Public Health Department in anti-leprosy campaign.
The Van was equipped with necessary drugs and instruments and then
maintained at Government's expense. The Van was first sent out to


health in burma during 1947.
9
Myingyan District where it was to operate under the charge of
U Kyaw Zan, Public Health Sub-Assistant Surgeon. In September
this Leprosy Van commenced its mission and investigations on the
incidence of leprosy were made in the villages along the main roads.
Way-side leprosy clinics were then opened in five villages in Myingyan
District. Educative propaganda in respect of leprosy was carried out
by the Medical Officer-in-Charge of the Van.
During the year the Special Leprosy Officer gave a broadcast talk
on leprosy from the Burma Broadcasting Station. He also gave
lectures and demonstration on leprosy to the Public Health Inspector
Training Class. A Public Health Sub-Assistant Surgeon was also
given training in diagnosis and treatment of leprosy. With a view to
revive the pre-evacuation leper clinics, the Special Leprosy Officer
visited Insein, Yamethin, Meiktila, Myingyan, Shwebo and Monywa.
He also visited the Leper Asylum and Home for lepers at Mandalay.
In order to study the incidence of leprosy a survey was carried out in
Myingyan District by the Special Leprosy Officer, Burma, during the
year. In the course of the survey, 188 cases of leprosy were detected
from among 11,297 persons examined. The incidence of the disease
per hundred persons examined was 1*66 in Myingyan District. This
rate is found to be ten times higher than that given by the 1931 census
for the same district. A. pamphlet and two posters on leprosy were
prepared by him during the year for distribution to the public.
Educative propaganda on the nature, mode of propagation and method
of prevention of leprosy was given by the Special Leprosy Officer in all
the areas visited.
Fevers (4'61).The death rate from fevers has shown a rise of
0'16 compared with the rte for 1940. This group of diseases caused
6,391 deaths which constitute 14*17 per cent of the total urban
mortality. Of the total fever deaths, 3,062 were ascribed to malaria,
333 to enteric, 187 to measles, 36 to cerebrospinal meningitis, 9 each to
typhus and influenza, 8 to kala-azar, 5 to black water-fever, 1 to
relapsing fever and the balance of 2,741 to other fevers.
Enteric Fever (0'24).This rate is 0*01 lower than the j*ate for the
year 1940. The highest rates during the year were reported from
Taungdwingyi 0*96, Maymyo 0*78, Moulmein 0*75, Sagaing 0'64 and
Danubyu 0'63.
Dysentery and Diarrhoea (1*28).The rate is 1'30 lower than the
rate for the year. 1940. The highest rates were recorded from Insein
3*27, Danubyu 3*00, Moulmeingyun 2*97, Kyaiklat 2*91 and Yenangyaung
279.
Respiratory Diseases, Urban (5'50).This rate is 2*77 lower when
compared with the rate for the year 1940. Of the total of 7,635 deaths
recorded under this heading 4,002 were ascribed to pneumonia, 1,999
to pulmonary tuberculosis, 20 to whooping cough and 1,614 to other


10
report on the state of public
respiratory diseases. The highest rates were recorded in Taungdwingyi
12'35, Myaungmya 9'20, Rangoon 8'66, Myingyan 8*60, Bassein 7'27,
Meiktila 7*25, Moulmein 7*01 and Allanmyo 6*63.
Tuberculosis.Out of 2,266 deaths from tuberculosis recorded in
towns 1,999 were ascribed to pulmonary tuberculosis, 24 to tuberculosis
of joints and the rest 243 to other forms of tuberculosis. The death
rate from pulmonary tuberculosis is 1*44. This rate shows a drop of
0*37 compared with the rate for 1940. The Corporation of Rangoon
continued to maintain the tuberculosis dispensary opened in 1935.
During the year under report there was a total attendance of 29,662
persons, of these 4,012 were new patients among whom 431 were found
to be suffering from tuberculosis in one or other of its manifestations-
The Medical Officer and the Tuberculosis Nurse made 899 and 907
home visits respectively during the year.
Beri-beri (0*07).This figure shows a fall of 0*01 compared with
the rate for 1940. The highest rates were recorded in Kyaikto 1*51,
Kamayut 1*24, Nyaunglebin 1*03 and Ngathainggyaung 0*93.
Cerebrospinal Meningitis.Thirty-six deaths from this disease
were reported from towns, of which 11 were in Mandalay and 8 from
Rangoon. Four deaths were reported from Henzada, 2 each from the
towns of Nyaunglebin, Maymyo and Pyinmana and one each from
Pegu, Insein, Tavoy, Minbu, Pakokku, Yamethin and Monywa.
CHAPTER V.
Rural and Urban Sanitation.
Urban Sanitation.
General.In urban areas the Municipal and Town Committees are
responsible for the upkeep of wholesome and protected water supplies,
efficient disposal of rubbish and excreta, effective drainage to carry off
sullage and waste water, and cleanliness and good management of
bazaars. In order to meet this responsibility, most Municipal
Committees entertain a more or less adequate staff of inferior personnel.
The majority of the Committees, however, do not employ whole-time
Health Officers. They co-opt the local Government Medical Officer as
a member of their Committee and delegate to him the powers of the
Health Officer under section 31 (1) (e) of the Burma Municipal Act.
It is the duty of the Health Officer to enforce the various bye-laws
relating to public health, especially those relating to buildings, lodging
houses, markets, slaughter-houses, burial and burning grounds, bakeries
and eating houses.
Water Supplies.In respect of urban areas a protected supply is
generally understood to mean a supply through pipe lines. Unfortu-
nately, few municipalities can afford to introduce and maintain a piped


health in burma during 1947.
11
water supply. Piped water supplies are available only in the following
towns :Akyab, Pegu, Tharrawaddy, Thonze, Letpadan, Minhla,
Bassein, Moulmein, Minbu, Yenangyaung, Chauk, Maymyo, Lashio,
Kalaw and Taunggyi. In the rest of the towns, shallow wells and
tanks form the main sources of supply, and periodical chlorination is
depended upon to render the supplies safe.
Conservancy.The removal of rubbish and excreta is one of the
primary functions of Municipalities. For carrying out this object
municipal committees have to maintain an adequate staff and equipment.
Owing to financial stringencies and dearth of wet sweepers, only a few
municipalities were successful in maintaining the pre-war strength of
dry and wet sweepers. There was an acute shortage of vans for
removal of refuse, until an allotment of 50 il Ford Tippers were made
available to this Department by the Superintendent, Government
Central Stores, Rangoon. These Tippers were distributed to 26 towns.
Removal of debris, sweeping of public roads, clearing of drains and
disposal of garbage both from town and bazaar were carried out in all
the towns with the available staffs. Due to acute shortage of wet
sweepers some municipalities were not in a position to revive the bucket
system of removal of excreta. In such municipalities house owners were
either insisted upon to maintain deep pit latrines or to arrange privately
for the removal of excreta.
Generally, it may be stated that the disposal of night soil and removal
of rubbish in all towns in Burma have not been satisfactorily carried out.
Markets.The majority of the markets in towns are owned by
Municipal and Town Committees. It is therefore their responsibility to
keep their markets in clean condition, to forbid encroachments and to
prevent the stocking of useless and unnecessar.y materials near the
stalls. During the year most Municipal and Town Committees were
not in a position to keep the markets in a satisfactory sanitary condition
due to shortage of staff, increased number of bazaar-sellers and lack of
co-operation on the part of the stall-holders and bazaar-sellers. The
authorities were unable to strictly enforce the market bye-laws.
CHAPTER VI.
Maternity and Child Welfare.
Maternal Mortality Rate.The maternal mortality rate as calcula-
ted on the number of deaths of mothers due to child births per
thousand of total births (i.e., live births and still births) is 9*21 for towns
in Burma as against 997 in 1940. All deaths of mothers within 14 days
of delivery are registered as being due to effects of child birth. A
registration of births and deaths in rural areas has not yet been
reintroduced after the re-occupation of the country, no maternal
mortality rate for rural areas can be furnished.
2


12
report on the state of public
Still-Birth Rate.The number of still births recorded during the
year is 3,035 in towns and the rate for the year is 6l"32 per 1,000 of
total births (*. Infant Mortality Rate.The infant mortality rate for towns in this
country for 1947 is 29770 per 1,000 births as against 272*70 for 1940.
The reasons usually attributed for the high mortality rate by the Health
and Medical Officers are :exposure to insanitary surroundings, birth
of weakly infants to mothers whose conditions are debilitated by a rapid
succession of pregnancies, irregular breast feeding producing digestive
disorders among infants, and want of skilled assistance during labour.
The towns which recorded high rate are Chauk (647*54', Thingangyuij
(527*34), Kamayut (523*94) and Wakema (514'89). These rates show
that over half the infants born in these towns do not survive their first
year of life. There are no Child Welfare Societies in the first two
places to pay special attention to infant welfare work. Maternity and
Infant Welfare Societies have been re-established in Kamayut and
Wakema but as the services of qualified Lady Health Visitors could not
be obtained, the societies did not function properly.
Maternity Work.The provision of an adequate skilled midwifery
service is an important obligation of local bodies. Some Municipalities
delegate this responsibility to the local voluntary organizations and pay
a yearly contribution. As a result of War, most of the organizations
were crippled both in property and in financial resources. Only
31 Maternity and Infant Welfare Societies were reorganized and
revived up to the end of the year 1947. The total number of Midwives
employed by local bodies was 84 and they attended to 10,572
confinements.
Child Welfare Work. As in pre-war, the child welfare work has
been still in the hands of the voluntary local societies which are
financially assisted by Government, local bodies, the Burma Red Cross
Society and private individuals. The work of these societies comprises
of visits to the homes of mothers within the area in which they operate,
providing of medical and nursing care in cases of child birth and
supply of milk food and other necessities for the welfare of the
children.
Pay and allowance of Lady Health Visitors employed with the
Maternity and Infant Welfare Societies were met by Government up to
the 31st August 1947.
With a view to expand the Maternity and Infant Welfare work in
the country, a Women and Children Welfare Board has been created
(in September 1947) and on the advice of the Board steps are being
taken to introduce State Maternity and Infant Welfare Services
throughout the country by stages. It is expected that the development
and expansion in several directions will be achieved by gradual
process.


health in burma during 1947.
13
The following is a brief.summary of activities during the year 1947
of the principal Child Welfare Societies in Burma :
Rangoon.The Corporation of Rangoon maintained two Infant
Welfare Centres, one at Kemmendine and the other at Theinbyu.
Two Lady Medical Officers (Medical Graduates) and \l Lady Health
Visitors were employed in these Centres. Two Lady Medical Officers
paid 4,644 and Lady Health Visitors 30,176 Home Visits. There were
1,815 ante-natal attendances at the Centres. The National Council of
Women in Burma restarted its pre-war Child Welfare Work and
continued to run the Baby Welcome Clinic at Bowlane with one Health
Visitor and one Midwife. During the year, 386 infants, 247 toddlers
269 ante-natal cases and 26 post-natal cases, making a total of 928
registered at the Clinic. Maternity and Child Welfare Clinics were
held on Mondays, Tuesdays and Fridays and the average attendance
was about 25.
Mandalay.The Maternity and Infant Welfare Society could not
be revived during the year under report, owing to various unfavourable
circumstances. Pending the revival of the society, pre-war staff of the
society consisting of two Lady Health Visitors, eight Midwives and
one female servant were maintained by the Mandalay Municipal
Committee. The Clinics were opened daily, except on Sundays at the
Out-door patient department of the Mandalay General Hospital by
two Lady Health Visitors. A total number of 8,24.5 attendances at the
Clinic was recorded, and the total number of Home Visits made by the
Health Visitors was 7,542. The eight Midwives conducted 930
confinements.
Maymyo.The staff of the Maternity and Infant Welfare Society
consists of one Lady Health Visitor and three Midwives. The Centre
recorded 5,914 attendances and the Health Visitor made 4,358 Home
Visits during the year. The three Midwives of the Society conducted
280 confinement cases, and paid 2,572 ante-natal and 2,621 post-natal
visits.
Bassein.The Infant Welfare Society has in its employ a qualified
Lady Health Visitor and four Midwives. The Lady Health Visitor
supervised the work of the Midwives. The Midvives conducted 617
confinement cases during the year.
Moulman.The Society for the Prevention of Infant Mortality
has a qualified Lady Health Visitor who supervised the work of the
Town Result Midwife and attended the Clinic for Infants and to ante-
natal and post-natal work. There were four Midwives paid by the
Municipality under the supervision of the Society. The total number
of attendances at the Centreone at Daingwun-kwin and the other at
Maunganrecorded, was 2,344. The Health Visitor paid 2,501 Home
Visits. The number of confinements conducted by the Midwives was
471.


14
report on the state of public
Taunggyi.The Infant Welfare Society employed a Lady Health
Visitor. During the year the Health Visitor paid 4,731 Home Visits
and the Centre had 1,163 attendances.
Toungoo.A Clinic was run by the Maternity and Infant Welfare
Society with one Lady Health Visitor up to the end of September 1947.
The Clinic had to be kept closed temporarily till the end of the year as
the Lady Health Visitor resigned from service on the 1st October 1947
and no substitute could be recruited. The attendances at the Clinic
numbered 2,126 and the Home Visits paid by the Health Visitor were
5,624.
Henzada.The Infant Welfare Society employed a Lady Health
Visitor who paid 3,129 Home Visits. The Centre had 3,485
attendances
Thaton.The Maternity and Infant Welfare Society had in its
employ a Lady Health Visitor. The Municipal Vaccinator attended the
Health Centre maintained by the Society on every clinic day, to carry
out vaccination among Children and Mothers who attended the Centre.
The Municipal Midwife also attended the Clinic on every Wednesday
to see the ante-natal cases and to carry on external examinations of the
expectant mothers. The Centre recorded 16,692 attendances during
the year and the Lady Health Visitor made 3,138 Home Visits.
Pyinmana.The Maternity and Infant Welfare Society employed
a Lady Health Visitor. The number of Centre attendances during the
year was 3,974. The Lady Health Visitor made 1,678 Home Visits.
Bhamo.The attendances at the Centre maintained by the
Infant Welfare Society for the year was 186. The Health Visitor paid
2,189 Home Visits.
Syriam. The Child Welfare Society continued to run two Centres
one at Bawlonekwin and the other at Thanlyin. The Lady Health
Visitor of the Society paid 4,013 Home Visits, and total number of
attendances at two Centres during the year was 3,577.
Myaungmya.The Lady Health Visitor of the Maternity and
Infant Welfare Society paid 1,879 Home Visits. The attendances at
the Centre numbered 1,775.
lnsein.The Maternity and Infant Welfare Society was
re-established in May 1946. The total number of attendances at the
Centre during the year was 1,054, and the Nurse-Midwife of the
Society paid 1,325 Home Visits.
Pyu.A Lady Health Visitor was entertained by the Maternity
and Infant Welfare Society. She attended 381 cases at the Clinic and
paid 1,276 Home Visits during the year.
Kungyangon.The activities of the Maternity and Infant Welfare
Society were mainly confined to looking after mothers and babies at


health in burma during 1947.
15
the shelter, in the' hospital premises. The Society employed its own
Midwife and the total number of confinements conducted by the
Midwives during the year was 64.
Twante.The Maternity and Infant Welfare Society, Twante, built
a Maternity Shelter near the hospital with contribution received from
the District Council, Hanthawaddy. They engaged a qualified Midwife
to perform maternal welfare work at the shelter. During the year, 126
confinement cases were conducted at the shelter.
Ycnangyaung.A Lady Health Visitor of the Maternity and Infant
Welfare Society, Yenangyaung, paid 1,779 Home Visits during the year.
The number of attendances at the Centre was 2,208.
CHAPTER VII.
Public Health Propaganda.
Hygiene Publicity.In pre-war days the Hygiene Publicity Officer,
Burma, was provided with magic lanterns, lantern slides, cinema
projectors and cinema films on various health subjects. In addition,
the District Health Officers were also supplied with magic lanterns and
lantern slides for health propaganda work in Municipal Towns as well
as in rural areas. All such equipment were either lost or damaged
during the war and arrangements are being made to re-equip the
Hygiene Publicity Officer and District Health Officers with these.
During the year the urban and rural health staff gave 2,047 health talks
and lectures and were successful in distributing 10,902 copies of health
publications.
The Hygiene Publicity Officer, Burma, attended the Grand Carnival
Show and Baby Show held at Myaungmya, the Union of Stage and
Screen Exhibition and the Arts and Crafts Exhibition held at Rangoon.
He conducted health exhibitions on a small scale at these shows with
the available health exhibits, models, charts and posters. At the Grand
Carnival and B\by Show at Myaungmya he conducted cinema
demonstrations with films entitled lt Safety First on Small-pox, Life
Guard M on Plague and 11 Village Well on Cholera. These films were
screened on the 35 M.M. projector the use of which was very helpfully
arranged by the Deputy Commissioner, Myaungmya, for the-occasion.
Ten lectures on Leprosy, Cholera, Small-pox, Plague and Personal
Hygiene in Burmese were broadcast by the Special Leprosy Officer and
the Hygiene Publicity Officer, Burma, from the Burma Broadcasting
Station. The old health cards, pamphlets and posters which were
stocked by this Department for distribution were destroyed during the
enemy occupation of the country. New health cards on Small-pox,
Cholera, Plague, Maiaria and Flies, and pamphlet on Venereal
Diseases, Plague, Cholera; Small-pox, D.D.T., Nutrition (Nos. 1,2 and 3)


16
report on the state of public
and Leprosy, twelve posters on Plague, Cholera, Small-pox (Nos. 1
and 2), Nutrition (Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4), Maternity and Child Welfare
(Nos. 1 and 2) and Registration of Births were produced and 279,000
cards, 70,000 pamphlets and 36,500 posters were printed during the
year at the Government Printing Press.
Burma Red Cross Society and Health Propaganda.The Burma
Red Cross Society contributed a sum of Rs. 5,000 for the replacement
and renewal of health models, posters, charts, etc. The first instalment
of Rs. 600 has duly been received and renovation of old and printing
of new posters were carried out during this year.
CHAPTER VIII.
Personnel employed on Public Health Work in
Burma.
District Staff
District Health Officers.The sanctioned, strength in this cadre
is five. Two permanent posts at Hanthawaddy and Bissein were held
by U Lat, M.B., B.S., D.P.H., and U Ba Nyun, B.Sc., M.M.F., D.P.H.,
respectively throughout the year. U Maung U, M.B., B.S., D.P.H.,
worked as another permanent District Health Officer, in Myingyan
District, till his transfer as Assistant Port Health Officer, Rangoon,
in early part of March 1947. Consequent on the appointment of
U Maung U, M.B., B.S., D.P.H., as Assistant Port Health Officer,
Rangoon, Dr. C. C. Po., M.A., L.M.S.S.A., D.P.H., R.C.P.S., who was
holding the temporary post of Health Officer, Rangoon Suburban areas
was confirmed in the vacancy as a permanent District Health Officer.
The remaining two posts are on temporary basis. Mr. B. C. Barua,
M.B., B.S., D.P.H., held one of the posts at Akyab District and
Mr. A. Mobtby, M.B.E., M.B., B.S., held the other post at Toungoo
District.
Assistant District Health Officers.The number of Assistant District
Health Officers sanctioned for this Department is five. Mr. R. B.
Singh, M.B., B S., the only permanent incumbent in this cadre was
employed at Bassein while the remaining four posts were left vacant
during the year.
Sub-A$sistant Surgeons.The total pre-war strength of Epidemic
Sub-Assistant Surgeons of this Department was 44, of which 39 were on
N permanent basis and five were on temporary basis. Of the 39 permanent
posts 30 have been revived, as permanent posts; the remaining 9 posts
have been treated as temporary on austerity basis. The entertainment of
the five pre-evacuation temporary posts is also sanctioned. As sufficient
personnel was not available for epidemic duty, four Epidemic Mobile
teams inherited from the military administration, continued to be
entertained. On account of shortage of medical personnel, senior and


health in burma during 1947.
17
experienced Public Health Inspectors were placed in charge of these
Epidemic Mobile teams. However, only 25 permanent Sub-Assistant
Surgeons were appointed during the year under review. Of these one
officiated as Hygiene Publicity Officer, Burma, while another acted as
Assistant Malariologist. Of the remaining 23 Public Health Sub-
Assistant Surgeons, one was engaged at the Bacteriological Section
of the Harcourt Butler Institute of Public Health, Rangoon. One was
promoted as Special Leprosy Officer, Burma, while another was
entrusted with the duties of Health Officer, Mingaladon. The services
of four were put on Port Health duties at the Ports of Rangoon and
Akyab. Two were lost to this Department as one died and the other
resigned. Thus at the end of the year there were only 14 employed
on epidemic and general sanitary duties.
Health Inspectors.Eighty-five Public Health Inspectors and eight
Inspectors of Vaccination were employed in rural areas and 124 Public
Health Inspectors were employed in urban areas.
On the recommendation of this Department, the following
candidates were accepted by government as eligible for registration as
qualified Public Health Inspectors :
(a) 34 candidates who were trained by the Bureau of Public
Health Administration during enemy occupation, and who
subsequently passed the final qualifying examination for
Public Health Inspectors.
(b) 14 candidates who were trained during 1941-42, but could
not be examined for the qualifying examination then, and
who subsequently passed the qualifying examination held
by the Bureau of Public Health Administration during
enemy occupation.
Nine candidates underwent the training class of Public Health
Inspectors held at the Harcourt Butler Institute of Public Health,
Rangoon, in October 1946 and passed the final examination held in
June 1947. Of them one gained distinction in this examination.
Headquarters Staff.U Maung Gale, B.A.,.M.B., D.P.H., held
the post of Deputy Director of Health Services, Burma.
U Tha Gyaw, B.Sc M.B., D.P.H., held the post of Assistant
Director of Health. Services, South Burma and Mr. V. W, Fenn,
L S.M.F., M.P.H., held the post of Assistant Director of Health
Services, North Burma.
Tha Mya, M.B. (CalX,
Director of Medical and Health Services, Burma,


APPENDICES
Appendix A.Report on the state of vaccination during the year 1947 ...
Appendix B.Report of the Superintending Engineer, Public Health
Circle, Rangoon
Appendix C.Report on Public Health of the Senior Medical Officer,
Burma Corporation, Ltd,, Namtu, for the year 1947
Appendix D.Air Port and Port Health Administration during 1947
VITAL STATISTICS STATEMENTS.
Statement No. I.Deaths by Age periods in Towns having a population
of 10,000 and above
Supplementary Statement No. IA.Details of Deaths by age periods
under one year in Towns having a population of 10,000
and above ...
Statement No. II A.Births and Deaths in Urban Areas
Statement No. II B.Details of Deaths in Towns under certain specific
causes
VACCINATION STATEMENTS.
Statement No. 1 (A).Showing particulars of Vaccination in Districts
(excluding towns) of Burma during the year 1947
Statement No. 1 (B).Showing particulars of Vaccination in the Towns
of Burma during the year 1947 ...
Vaccination Appendix A.Statistics relating to the number of children
under one year of age in the towns available for
vaccination and the number of successful operations
performed on them
Statement a.Showing total income from all sources and expenditu re
-- on public health purposes during the financial year
1946-47
Statement B.Showing health services in Rural and Urban Areas
of Burma during 1947 ...
Statement C.Showing Maternity and Child Welfare Centres, Health
Visitors and Trained Midwives in Burma during 1947 ...
Vital Statistics Chat i to III.


20
appendices.
APPENDIX A.
Vaccination Performed.
A total of 1,425,503 persons was vaccinated during the year..
Of these, 957,391 were vaccinated in rural areas and 468,112 in urban
areas.
Rural Vaccination.Of 957,391 operations performed in 31 districts
-354,470 were primary and 602,921 revaccinations.
Of the primary operations, 238,237 were successful, while the
results of 64,982 were left unverified. The success rate in verified cases
was 82'24 per cent.
Of the successful primary operations, 62,375 were on infants under
one year of age, 135,111 on children of one to six years and 40,751-
on those above six years.
Of the 602,921 revaccinations, 74,237 were successful, while the
results of 159,240 are reported as ".unknown." The rate of success
in known cases was 16'73.
The number of persons known to have been successfully vaccinated
and revaccinated per thousand of population was 32*01.
Three districts, viz., Arakan Hill Tracts, Myaungmya and Maubin
reported 100 per cent success rate of primary vaccination. Of the
remaining 28 districts, 9 reported successes between 90 and 100
per cent and the rest, viz., 19 districts reported successes below 90
per cent.
Urban Vaccination.In sixty urban areas, 468,112 operations were
performed by regular vaccinators. Of these 71,233 were primary and
396,879 were revaccinations. Of the primary 55,303 were successful,
while the results of 9,715 remained unverified. The success rate in
verified cases was therefore 89*85 per cent. Twenty-one towns reported
100 per cent success. Of the other 39 towns, 15 towns reported
successes between 90 and 100 per cent, while the rest, viz., 24 towns
reported successes below 90 per cent. Low success rates were reported
from Akyab 54*81, Kyaukpyu 56*44, Pyu 49*31, Taungdwingyi 53'27,
Sagaing 55*06 and Bhamo 55*20. Of the 71,233 successful vaccinations,
29,035 were on infants under one year of age and 23,361 on children
of one to six years. The number of births recorded in 60 urban areas
was 43,842 and deaths under one year totalled 13,250. The number of
survivors according to these records was 30,592. Of these 29*035
infants were vaccinated during the year.
Of the 396,879 revaccinations, 37,333 were successful, while 140,365
cases were not inspected. The percentage of uccss in verified cases
was 14*55 per cent.


appendices.
21
The number of persons successfully vaccinated per thousand of
population was 72*02.
Jails.Of the 13,830 operations performed in Jails 192 were primary
and 13,638 revaccinations. Of the primary cases 86*86 per cent were
successful and of the revaccinations 35*90 per cent were successful.
Ports.A total of 16,154 operations was performed in the Port of
Rangoon, Of these 605 were primary and 15,559 revaccinations.
Federated Shan States.A total of 30,601 primary operations and
48,850 revaccinations were performed in rural areas of Southern
Shan States. The successes rate in primary cases was 9814 per cent
and in revaccinations 27*72. In the town of Lashio 263 primary and
2,492 revaccinations were performed. Of the primary cases 212 or
90'87 per cent were successful, while the success rate of revaccination
was 38*90 per cent.
Verification Work of Inspecting Officers.Verification work was
performed by the District and Assistant District Health Officers in
16 districts only. They verified 2*95 per cent of the primary vaccinations
and 2*71 per cent of the revaccinations. In the remaining 15 districts
verification work was not carried by these officers. Inspectors of
Vaccination, Public Health Inspectors and Public Health Sub-Assistant
Surgeons in rural areas inspected 53'19 per cent of the primary
vaccinations and 53*17 per cent of the revaccinations.
In urban areas Municipal Superintendents of Vaccination (Health
Officers) verified 16"12 per cent of the primary vaccinations and 6'96
of the revaccinations, while the Public Health Inspectors verified 71*99
per cent of the primary vaccinations and 73 43 per cent of the
revaccinations.
Vaccine Lymph Supply.
Prior to evacuation of the country local bodies were supplied with
vaccine lymph manufactured at the Vaccine Depot, Meiktila. All the
equipment belonging to the Depot were either lost or damaged during
the war and 9 of the 13 buildings and huts in the compound
of the Depot were razed to ground leaving the remaining 4
buildings'in badly damaged condition. Necessary action is being taken
to arrange for the manufacture of vaccine lymphs at the Harcourt
Butler Institute of Public Health, Rangoon, as early as possible. At
present vaccine lymph is obtained from Bengal and Bombay at the
price of annas two per dose. A total of 1,873,930 doses was distributed
to local bodies during the year.


22
appendices.
APPENDIX B.
Report regarding Sanitary Work carried out under the control
of the Superintending Engineer, Public Health Circle,
Rangoon, during 1947.
Narrative Progress Report of Works carried out by the Superintending
Engineer, Public Health Circle, during the year 1946-47,
1. Water Supply.(General maintenance of) water supply and
sanitary installation in Government and requisitioned buildings in
Rangoon were maintained efficiently during the year.
Mobile pumping plants were also maintained for Government
offices and residences where the pressure of Corporation Water Supply
was low.
Duplicate electric pumping plants 5 H.P. 2500 G.P.H. each were
installed in the following buildings :
Custom House.
High Court.
Kyauktada Police Station.
Mogul Guard.
General Post Office.
Lanmadaw Police Station.
General Hospital.
One No. 10 P.H. Electric pump 6000 G.P.H- and one No. 15 H.P.
Electric Compressor 80 c.ft. were installed at the President's House.
Extensive repairs due to war damage to the sanitary and water
supply installations were carried out in the following buildings in the
Districts :
Central Jail, Insein.
C.I.D. Headquarters, Insein.
Military Police Lines, Insein.
Government High School, Insein.
Jail Press, Insein.
Civil Hospital, Insein.
Veterinary College, Insein.
Mental Hospital, Tadagale.
Farm Building, Hmawbi.
Maymyo Civil Hospital.
Agricultural College, Mandalay.
A new 6 inch tube well was sunk at the Central Jail, Tharrawaddy,
to replace the unserviceable old tube well.
Six kite motion hand pumps for supply of water were provided for
in the following Jails :
Bassein. Monywa.
Paungde. Nyaungoo.
Myingyan. Meiktila.


appendices
23
Bazaars.Nil.
Drainage Scheme.Nil
Burma Underground Water Act, 1930.One permanent and seven
temporary licences for new tube wells were granted in accordance
with the Burma Underground Water Rules, 1941.
Appendix B.The Government has sanctioned during the year
loans to the following local bodies as noted against each to rehabilitate
their water supplies :
Rs.
Akyab Municipality ... 39,200
Tharrawaddy Town Committee 41,300
Letpadan Municipality 41,300
Minhla Municipality ... 41,300
Nyaunglebin Municipality ..>. 41,300
Prome Municipality 46,900
Maubin Municipality 41,300
Moulmein Municipality ... 21,700
Monywa Municipality ... 34,300
Taungdwingyi Municipality 41,300
Thayetmyo Municipality 34,300
Minbu Municipality 34,300
Magwe Municipality 77,000
Myingyan Municipality ... 88,900
Mandalay Municipality ... ... 91,000
Of these sanctions, estimates for the following stations have been
sanctioned and work in progress :
Amount of Estimate
Rs.
Tharrawaddy 41,000
Letpadan 13,500
Prome 18,000
Thayetmyo 40,295
Minhla 44,127
Nyaunglebin 51,800
Maubin ... 41,300
Minbu ... :.. ... 34,300
The following stations have been inspected and estimates are under
preparation :
Akyab. Pakokku.
Moulmein. Mandalay.
Monywa. Taungdwingyi.
Magwe. Myingyan.


24
appendices.
APPENDIX C.
Public Health Report fo* the year 1947 from Senior Medical
Officer, Burma Corporation, Limited, Namtu.
Patients treated in Hospital, in-door and out-door (new admissions
only) during the year 1947 :
New Admissions.
In- 1 Out-
Patients. patients.
Enteric fever- 64
Diphtheria 2 ...
Chicken-pox 16
Mump3 10 287
Measles ... 1
Malaria, ... 603 4,276
Diysentery 11 54
Diarrhoea ... 111
Intestinal parasites .6 100
Other diseases of the alimentary 47 4,637
system. 53
Pneumonia
Tuberculosis of lungs 3
Other diseases of the Respiratory 39 2,135
system.
Diseases of blood 28 710
Diseases of heart and circulation 1
Diseases of lymphatic system 5 27
Diseases of nervous system 6 281
Diseases of generative system 25 59
Diseases of eye 8 324
Diseases of ear, nose and throat 3 418
Diseases of skin 13 732
Deficiency diseases 491
Syphilis 5 1
Gonorrhoea 1 7
LabourNormal and abnormal 47 17
Diseases of bone and joints 22 427
Injuries 70 1,069
Tumours ... 6 1
Infection of areolar tissues 69 1,260
Dog-bite ... 6
Total 1,152 17,447


appendices.
25
Return of Patients Treated, both In-door and Out-door
during the year 1947.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
Total
In-Patients. Out-Patients
TotalNew Daily TotalNew Daily
and old cases. Average. and old cases. Average.
748 24*1 3,688 119
743 265 3,691 132
723 23'3 5,187 167'3
712 24 5,486 183
774 25 5,858 189
959 32 5,881 196
1,133 365 7,041 227
1,194 38'5 7,189 232
1,061 354 7,737 257"9
1,299 41*9 7,745 249'8
1,357 452 6,866 2289
1,415 457 7,543 243*3
12,120 398 1 73,912 2,425'2
Daily average of In-Patients treated 33
Daily average of Out-Patients treated 203
Deaths in Hospital during the year 1947
Anaemia 5
Enteric fever 8
Malaria 7
Pneumonia ... 10
Tuberculosis of lungs 2
Brochiectasis 1
Diphtheria ... 2
Carcinoma colon ... ... ... ... 1
Abnormal labour (Transverse presentation with septicaemia) 1
Acute nephritis ... ... ... ... 1
Icterus neonatorum ... ... ... ... 1
Haematoma, left temporal region with concussion and
compression of brain .. ... ... ... 1
Vascular disorder of nervous system cerebral haemorrhage 1
Cerebral thrombosis ... ... ... 1
Toxaemia of pregnancy (Eclampsia) 1
Cirrhosis of liver ... 1
Valvular disease of heart 1
Births in Hospital during the year
Live-birtfis 61
Still-births 3
Malaria.
Number of cases 4,884
Number of deaths 7
Death rate per 100 ... ... 0*1,433


26
appendices.
Prophylaxis.Prophylactic administration of Paludrine in the
dosage of one tablet bi-weekly for adults and proportionately less for
children was given and the result was encouraging.
Enteric Fever.
Number of cases 64
Number of deaths 8
Death rate per 100 12*5
Pneumonia.
Number of case 53
Number of death 10
Tuberculosis of Lungs.-
Number of cases 3
Number of deaths 2
Diphtheria
Number of cast 2
Number of deaths 2
Mumps.
Number of case 297
Number of death
Chicken-pox
Number of cases 16
Number of deaths
Small-pox.
Number of cases ... ... ... Nil
Total number of vaccinations done during the year 5,318
T.A.B. Inoculation.One thousand Seven hundred and seventy-five
persons were inoculated with T.A.B, vaccine during the year.
Cholera-
Number of cases ... Nil..
Number of persons inoculated with cholera vaccine 672
Industrial Diseases.Nil.
The Industry was under rehabilitation. As only repair and
construction work were being carried and smelting process had not
started, there had been no case of lead poisoning.
Prevalent Diseases.Malaria, pneumonia, diseases of the alimen-
tary system, injuries and diseases of the skin are common diseases in
the locality.
Infectious Diseases.There was a mild epidemic of mumps
amongst children during the year. All cases responded to treatment.
There were a few cases of chicken-pox and 2 sporadic cases of
diphtheria during the year.
Water Supply.There was plentiful supply of good and whole-
some drinking water throughout the year. .
Milk.Fresh cows and buffaloes milk at reasonable rate was
available during the year. The milk supply was sufficient for the
population.
Vegetables.Fresh vegetables and eggs were always available but
the prices were rather high.


.appendices.
22
Beef, Mutton and Pork. These were regularly inspected. Flucky
livers were destroyed.
Mutton supply was scarce while beef and pork were available
throughout the year in sufficient quantities.
Slaughterhouses and Meat Stalls.These were regularly
inspected and found in good condition.
Bazaars.Eatingi houses, food stalls and markets were inspected
regularly. They were kept clean in good sanitary condition.
Conservancy.Deep pit latrines replaced the old bucket- latrines
in the area. A few flush latrines were put into commission.
Refuse disposal was done by dumping into river and burning in pits
wherever possible.
Schools.Schools were visited periodically by the Medical Officer.
Prophylactic treatment for malaria with paludrine and vaccination
against small-pox were given to school children.
General health of the children was satisfactory.
Police Lock-up.This was regularly visited. Sanitary condition
was satisfactory and there was no complaint about food from the
prisoners.
B. B. Dutta,
Senior Midical Officsr.


28
appendices.
APPENDIX D.
Rangoon Airport, Mingaladon.
Inspection of In-coming Air-crafts.A total number of 262 in-coming
aircrafts were inspected and in addition 6 planes in transit and one
R.A.F. plane were inspected. No cases of infections disease were
detected.
Inspection of Out-going Air-crafls.A total number of 263 out-going
aircrafts were inspected including 6 in transit and 5 R.A.F. planes
during the period.
Inspection of In-conung Passengers.Two thousand two hundred and
twenty-six in-coming civilian passengers were inspected during the
period and all of them were in possession of necessary medical
certificates.
Inspection of Out-going Passengers.A total number of 2,692 out-
going passengers were inspected and all were protected against cholera,
small-pox, etc., as required by this Department.
Examination of In-coming Civilian Crew.A total number of 1,053
in-coming civilian crew were inspected, including 47 in transit and all
were found carrying necessary certificates.
Examination of Out-going Civilian Crew.Nine hundred and eighty-
eight out-going civilian crew, excluding 47 crew in transit, .wer.e
inspected during the whole period and all were found in possession of
necessary certificates.
Issue of Bill f Clearance.Two hundred and fifty-two bills were
issued during the period.
Vaccination.No vaccination was performed at the Airport during
the period.
Disinfection.The baggages of infected persons and the in-contacts
require to be disinfected and it will be necessary to install either a
portable or a fixed steam disinfector at this Airport at an early date.
Infectious Diseases.No infected cases were detected amongst the
in-coming and the out-going passengers during the period under
review.
Aftii-mosquito Room.It is proposed that an Anti-mosquito Room
for the detention of persons arriving from Yellow fever zone and
suspected to be suffering from that disease be constructed in the Airport.
Port Health Administration during 1947.
Akyab.In-coming vessels at this port from Indian ports numbered
25. They carried 3,886 passengers and 2,934 crew. Out-going vessels
numbered 29. Of these 27 with the crew of 3,112 and 6,151 passengers
sailed to Indian ports while the remaining 2 with the grew of 123
sailed to ports beyond India and Burma. All the passengers of
in-coming and out-going vessels were medically examined. In addition,


appendices.
29
passengers of several sampans which came from Indian ports were
also examined. One case of small-pox and other case of cholera were
reported, while one case of measles was detected during inspection of
in-coming vessels in this port.
Kyaukpyu.No in-coming vessels and out-going vessels called a
this port during the year under review.
Basscin.Twenty-eight vessels, 7 from foreign ports, 11 from Indian
ports and 10 from Burma ports called a.t the station. Of these, 9 and 4
left for Foreign and Indian ports respectively. The remaining 15 left
for Burma ports. During the year .1,126 crew of the 18 in-coming vessels
and 750 crew of the 13 out-going vessels were medically examined.
Moulmdn.Ten in-coming vessels, 2 from Indian ports and 8 from
ports beyond India and Burma and 13 out-going vessels, 10 to ports in
India and 3 to ports beyond India and Burma, were examined. They
carried 1,781 crew and 113 passengers. No case of any infectious
diseases was detected on these vessels.
Tavoy.Twenty-five passengers proceeding'to Foreign ports were
granted certificates of vaccination and anti-cholera inoculation. No
medical inspection of vessels was carried at this port due to shortage of
staff.
Annual Report of the Port Health Officer of the Port of
Rangoon, for the year 1947. ^
Dr. J. A. Anklesaria, M.B.E., K.-i-H., wasin-cbai;ge of the .depart-
ment up to 12th March 1947 when he proceeded on leave preparatory
to retirement. I took over charge of the duties of the Port Health
Officer with effect from 13th March 1947,
At the beginning of the year -under, repprt, though the actual numbers
of ships calling at or leaving the Port of-Rangoon were much less than
those of the. pre-war days, the.amount of work that had, to be done by
this department had increased to such an extent that it was .deemed
necessary to apply to the Government for additional staff. Consequently,
an extra Sub-Assistant Surgeon was posted to this department on
17th March 1947 and provision made for the posting of an additional
nurse and a clerk. This increase in the volume of work was due to
the requirement to examine all the crew and passengers of ships prdbee.-
ding to India, prior to issue of Bill of Health. Bills of Health were
issued to those ships from 8th February 1947. Before the 2rid World
War, Bills of Health were not issued to any ship proceeding toTndi iri
accordance with the agreement made with the Government of India.
Personally, I do not see any reason why this agreement should not be
revived in the spirit of Article 49 and Article 57 of the International
Sanitary Convention of 1936, as amended. I have already addressed
the Director of Medical and Health Services on this subject under my
letter No. 676/Main File of 4th August 1948.


30
appendices.
The department was still sorely handicapped for want of Clayton B
fumigation Apparatus about which mention had already been made in
the Annual Report of 1946. Cyanide fumigation of ships was out of
question. It would be recalled that in 1939 a proposal was made to
use cyanide as a fumigant ; but it was rejected on the ground that ships
could not be left unattended at any time in a Port like Rangoon where
the tides could be very strong.
Consequently, 150 sets of sulphur trays were indented as an alterna-
tive and fumigation of ship with sulphur started from 21st August 1947.
This method, however, had its own limitations and could not be
employed for fumigating loaded ships and fortunately, during the year
under report no exigency arose wherein the loaded ships were
required to be fumigated.
The Municipal Observation Hospital was not yet ready ; but informa-
tion was received that it was in the process of being rehabilitated. In
the mean time, undiagnosed fever cases continued to go to their homes
or destinations on their own undertakings.
Two thresh disinfectors were received during the year and the
Port Commissioners had kindly undertaken to convert them into
portable disinfectors which could be used either in the Port Health
Station or anywhere else. The Port Health Station had been repaired
to a great extent and could be considered to be good enough to deal
with all exigencies.
Inspection of ln-coming Vessels.In-coming vessels inspected. The
total number of cargo and passenger vessels inspected in the year 1947
was 577 or 60 more than the year 1946 (1st February 1946 to
31st December 1946). Of these 292 were from Indian ports and
285 from Foreign ports. They carried 52,586 crew and 117,912
passengers, the figures being 1,841 less and 48,375 more, respectively,
than those of the year 1946 (ist February 1946 to 31st December 1946).
In addition, a number of passengers totalling 5,667 from ports in
Burma were examined in Rangoon. These passengers embarked at
Arakan ports on vessels wThich were on their way to Rangoon from
Indian ports.
Infectious Diseases.Seven cases of infectious diseases were reported
by Commanders on 6 vessels, viz., 2 cholera cases and 4 cases of
-chicken-pox and 1 case of scarlet fever. All the cases except the
scarlet fever case which was allowed to proceed to his residence on the
undertaking that proper preventive measures would be adopted, were
sent to Contagious Diseases Hospital, Rangoon.
The following 17 unreported cases of infectious diseases were
detected on 15 vessels by the Port Health Staff during the course of
Medical Inspections. Seven cases of chicken-pox, 8 ciases of measles, 1
case of mumps and 1 case of parotitis. All the cases except the
parotitis case were sent to Contagious Diseases Hospital, Rangoon.


appendices.
31
Two lepers were found during the inspection of passengers.
Deaths jrom non-infectious Diseases.Fifteen such deaths \yere;
reported 011 eleven vessels.
Vaccination Performed.The number of passengers examined under
the Vaccination Act was 117,912. Of these 106,253 were found
protected against small-pox and 11,659 were vaccinated. In addition.
84 vaccinations were, performed among the number of ships' crew.
Disinfection.Eighteen vessels and personnel effects of 528 crew
and 853 passengers were disinfected by this department during the
year.
Riverine Vessels.The following deaths and cases were reported 011
riverine launches and cargo lighters during the year:
Four deaths from non-infectious diseases. Two small-pox
cases, 1 clinical cholera, 3 mumps cases and 1 gastritis case. All
precautionary measures were taken by this department.
Inspection of Out-going Seagoing Vessels.There were 305 vessels
proceeding to ports beyond India or 186 more than the year 1946.
The Asiatic and African members of crew totalling 13,995 in number,
European crew totalling 4,242 in number, all passengers 3,855 in number
were eximined before the bills of health were issued. Besides these
7,798 passengers who left this port by ships to India were examined by
this department and certificates of fitness to travel were issued from
1st January to 7th February 1947. This department started issuing
Bills of Health to vessels bound for India with effect from
8th February 1947. Bills of Health were issued to 254 vessels to
Indian ports during the year. Twenty-one thousand two hundred and
fifty eight Asiatic and African members of crew, 3,697 European crewT,
90,264 passenger who embarked these vessels for Indian ports and
3,480 passengers for Arakan ports were examined.
The fol^wing infectious diseases and non-infectious diseases were
detected at the time of Medical Inspection before embarkation :
Eight cases of chicken-pox, 2 cases of mumps, 15 fever cases,
5 cases of tuberculosis and 2 lepers.
Chicken-pox cases and mumps cases were sent to Contagious
Diseases Hospital, Rangoon and Health Officer, Corporation, was
informed of it. Nine fever cases and 2 tuberculosis cases were
allowed to travel on ships' Surgeon's undertakings and the rest were
rejected.
No case of plague is known to have developed amongst the crew
and passengers of these vessels on their outward voyages.
New members of crew examined prior to signing on ships' articles
totalled 1,271. Of these 1,268 were passed fit and 3 were rejected. Of
1,268 men passed 1,257 were vaccinated. Two crew were examined
prior to signing off ships'articles ;and they were found, unfit.


32
appendices.
Vessels in Harbour.The following deaths and cases were reported
on 3 vessels in harbour during the year under review :
One death from non-infectious disease, 1 case of measles and
1 case of mumps. Measles and mumps cases were sent to Contagious
Diseases Hospital, Rangoon, and all necessary measures to combat the
disease were taken by this department.
Passengers by Seaplanes.Two thousand and fifty-six in-coming
passengers by seaplanes were examined during the year at the time of
disembarkation. Besides them 7,358 through passengers were also
examined.
Miscellaneous Transaction and RemarksPort Office Personnel.
Eighty-six lighthouse men were examined, out of which 85 were
passed fit and vaccinated and one rejected.
Fumigation.(a) Fumigation was done by sulphur trays as there
was no fumigation apparatus. One vessel was granted Deratization
Certificate after fumigation by means of sulphur trays. Eight hundred
and seven lbs. of sulphur wrere burnt and a sum of Rs. 250 being fees
for same was charged to the Agents. Eight rats were collected and
destroyed after fumigation.
(b) Thirty-five vessels applied for Deratization Exemption
Certificate. After necessary inspection and trapping 25 vessels were
granted Deratization Exemption Certificates, 6 vessels were granted
extension certificates and certificates were refused to 4 vessels which
were found to be infected with rodents and which were asked to get
fumigated at their next ports of call where fumigation apparatus would
be in use. Fees totalling Rs. 1,935 on account of inspection and
trapping carried out on these vessels were charged to the Agents.
No. of Vessels. No. of Traps. Rats Collected. Rats Destroyed. Rats Examined. Rats found infected with plague.
35 2,916 50 50
Four launches belonging to Port Commissioners were fumigated
by means of sulphur trys as the launches were infected with rodents.
Non-infectious diseases xletected and reported were :
Non-infectious cases ... 132
Non-infectious deaths ... 20
Inoculations against Cholera.One; thousand one hundred and forty-
four persons were inoculated.against cholera during the year.
Inoculation against Plague.Thirty-nine persons were inoculated
against plague during the year.
"Inspection of Provision for Lascar Crew.During the year only 1
application was received from the Shipping Master for the inspection


appendices.
33
of provision for the crew of 5.5. Empire Bui Bui. After inspection
samples of dhal and atta were taken from the ship and sent to Harcourt
Butler Institute of Public Health, Rangoon, for analysis and report. As
the samples were found unfit for human Consumption the Shipping
Master was asked to take necessary action.
Port Commissioners AreaSanitation.The sanitation of the
foreshore area of the Port and King's Bank Colony was looked after by
the Port Health Officer, Rangoon. The sanitation of the area on the
whole was satisfactory.
The Rort Health Officer was assisted by the following Sanitary Staff
employed by Port Commissioners :
1. Sanitary Inspectors 2
2. Assistant Sanitary Inspector 1
3. Sub-Sanitary Inspectors 2 '
Plumber 1
5. Sweeper Jamadars 2
6. Sweeper Maistries 8
7. Sweepers ... 126
Ratting and Trapping.The total number of rats destroyed by
trapping during the year was 12,778.
Cymag fumigation of Rats' Burrows.Besides trapping cymag
fumigation of rat burrows. in the area was carried out. A total of
2,770 burrows were gassed and 9,793 connecting holes were blocked.
The total number of rats destroyed and recovered by this method
was 122.
Smoking out of Rat Burrows.A total of 18,372 rat holes were
smoked. The number of rats destroyed and recovered by this method
was 751.
Poisonino. Forty rats were collected by means of poisoned baits
Eleven rats were killed by beating while they were running. Out of
13,702 rats caught during the year 11,908 were sent for examination
The attached statement shows the species of rats examined. There
was no.plague infection amongst them except 1 doubtful case.
Extensive spraying of the Port Area by D.D.T. had to be
discontinued as the price of D.D.T. in kerosene is considered to be
prohibitive. Suspension of D.D.T. or Gammexane in water is being
experimented and it is hoped that cheap and effective substitute would
be available in the near future.
Inspection of Meat and Food.Inspection of imported food is done
by the Municipal Health Department. In case where the consignment
is not taken delivery of for some time and when there is doubt
regarding its fitness for human consumption the Port Health Officer is
requested by the Commissioners for the Port of Rangoon to inspect and
make recommendations regarding its disposal. A few such inspections
were made by this department.


34
appendices.
Two thousand six hundred and ninety Port Commissioners' staff
were vaccinated against small-pox during the year.
EstablishmentDr. J. A. Anklesaria, M.B.E., K.-i.-H., M.B-,B.S.,
D.P.H., D.T.M.&H., Port Health Officer, proceeded on leave
preparatory to retirement on i2th March 1947 and I assumed charge
of duties of the Port Health Officer on the same date.
Dr. U Maung U, M.B.,B.S., D.P.H., Assistant Port Health Officer
joined this Department on 21st March 1947.
Dr. U Aung Than, Sub-Assistant Surgeon, was posted to this
Department on 17th March 1947.
Dr. U Lwin, Sub-Assistant Surgeon, was transferred from this
Department on 22nd May 1947.
Dr. U Po Myaing, Sub-Assistant Surgeon, who was posted to this
Department on 7th July 1947 was transferred from here on 1st October
1947.
Ba Maung, B.S., D.P.H., D:T.M.&H.>
Port Health Off.cer, Rangoon.


36
appendices.
Table No. I.Details of In-coming Sea-going
From Indian Ports.
Number of Passengers.
Months. No. of Vessels. No. of Crew. Male. Female. Boys. Girls.
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
January 1947. 32 4,367 12,379 1,036 483 395
February ... 19 2,342 13,915 1,092 520 380
March 23 3,031 9,851 1,130 442 368
April 29 3,445 11.693 1,648 668 529
May 28 2,792 7,870 1,427 559 496 .
June 24 2,861 9,100 1,504 675 497
July 22 2,298 5,005 862 408 273
August 22 1,766' 3,318 644 292 245
September ... 19 1,734 3,063 647 336 240
October 26 2,507 4,840 943 374 313
November 23 2,261 3,728 676 301 229
December 25 2,450 4,350 628 258 213
Total 292 31,854 89,112 12,237 5,316 4,178


appendices. 37
Vessels inspected during the year 1947.
-
From Foreign Ports. Total.
Number of Passengers.
Total. No. cf Vessels No. of Crew. Male. Female. Boys. Girls. Total. No. of Vessels No. of Crew.
(8) (9) (10) (Ill (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) 117)
14,293 48 1,816 38 20 12 2 72 80 6,183
15,907 25 1,489 45 30 14 16 105 44 3,831
11,791 27 1,935 99 89 25 24 237 50 4,966
14,538 27 2,019 142 113 44 45 344 56 5,464
10,352 23 1,956 159 131 61 45 396 51 4,748
11,776 24 2,319 1.245 704 383 212 2,544 48 5,180
6,548 27 2.476 208 176 63 ' 47 494 49 4,774
4,499 23 2,262 1,035 651 257 184 2,127 45 4.028
4,286 11 844 94 57 32 16 199 30 2,578
6,470 20 1,729 89 76 21 20 206 46 4,236
4,934 14 891 18 8 26 - 37 3,152
5,449 16 ; 996 164 87 i | 38 30 319 ... 41 3,446
110,843 ! '285 j 20,732 3,336 12,142 i 950 641 7,0(59 " 577 52,586


38 appendices.
Table No, I.Details of In-coming Sea~goin£
Continued, total number of passengers.
Total
Months. Male. Female. Boys. Girls. Total. Crew.
(1) (18) (19) (20) (21) (22) (23)
1947.
January 12,417 1,056 495 397 14,365 6,183
February 13,960 1,122 534 396 16,012 3,831
March 9,950 1,219 467 392 12,028 4,966
April 11,835 1,761 712 574 14,882 5,464
May 8,029 1,558 620 541 10,748 4,748
June 10,345 2,208 1,058 709 14,320 5,180
July 5,213 1,038 471 320 7,042 4,774
August 4,353 1,295 549 429 6,626 4,028
September 3,157 704 368 256 4,485 2,578
October 4,929 1,019 395 333 6,676 4,236
November 3,746 684 301 229 4,960 3,152
December 4,514 715 296 243 5,768 3,446
Total i 92,443 14,379 6,266 4,819 117,912 "52,586


APPENDICES;
Vessels inspected during the year 1947 contd.
39
Medical inspection and observation.
Inspected. For Temperature. For vaccination. Disinfection.
Crew. Effect of.
Passen- gers (24) Tested. (25) Sick. (26) Found protected. (27) Vacci- nated. (28) Found protected. (29) Vacci- nated. (30) Vessels. (31) Crew. (32) Passen- gers. (33)
14,365 7 7 6,183 11,445 2,920 1 140 373
16,012 18 18 3,831 13,944 2,068 3 388 480
12,028 2 2 4.895 71 11,188 840 '4
' 14,882 18 18 5,464 13,167 1,715 2
10,748 5 5 4,748 9,930 818 I -
14,320 14 14 5,167 13 12,932 1,388 1
7,042 9 9 4,774 6,550 492
6,626 2 2 4,028 6,442 184 4 -
4,485 2 2 2,578 4,285 200 1
6,676 17 17 4,236 6,239 437
4,960 12 12 3,152 4,899 61
5,768 3 3 3,446 5,232 536 1
117,912 109 109 52,502 84 106,253 11,659 18 528 853


40
appendices.
.1 .
Table No. II.Details of Out-going Sea-going
Inspec
Deck Passengers.
Months. No. of Vessels. Asiatic Crew. Male. (1) (2) (31 (4) (5) (6) (7) (8)
To Indian Ports, 1947.
January
February 15 1,635 8,246 1,104 493 1 388 1 10,231
March m- 20 1,558 8,637 1,358 1 705 1 487 11,187
April 24 2,235 9,314 1,497 654 488 11,953:
May 32 2,709 9,854 1,495 687 477 12,513
June % 26 2,519 7.274 866 377 247 8,764;
July .24 1,969 3,101 195 95 09 3,460:
August - 21. 1,506 2,841 i 136 60 te 3,069;
September 19. 1,638 4;, 3 00 473 104 110 4,987
October 24 1,823 6,220 592 263 212 7,287'
November 27 2,069 5,096 561 244 271 \ 6,172;
December 22 1,597 5,907 722 374 304 7,307:
Total 254 21,258 70,790 8,999 4,056 3,085 86,930


APPENDICES.
Vessels inspected during the year 1947.
41
.Result of Inspection.
Saloon Passengers. 1 S
£ G o (9) (1) (11) (12) (13) (14) . (15) (16) . (17) (18) (19) (20)
236 144 : 32 37 32 245
366 258 55 26 44 383 2
420 273 72 ! 18 24 387 2 2
434 189 ; 55 8 9 261 2
343 365 31 23 494 A 3 C J) 3
240 A.24 2.1 4 7 159 .5 ... 4 1
312 121 38 8 7 174 2
225. 174 : 42 19 12 247 3
462 211 31 36 356
317 178 88 26 . 28 320
342 176 84 15 33 308 5
3,697 2,213 643^ 223 255 3,334 ... 23 9 14


42 appendices.
Table No. II.Details of Out-going Sea-going
Disease. Disposal
Months. (1) n O Vh cu t> J (21) cn a B a S (22) to 4) w rt O w H (23) g Chicken-pox. ^ Fever and other ailment. Civil General 3 Hospital. To Municipal Obser- ^ vation Hospital. _ Contagious g Diseases Hospital. t
To Indian Ports, 1947.
January ...
February ... ... ... ...
March 2 2
April ... 1 2 1
May ... ... 2 1 2
June - ... 3
July 1 1 - 4 1
August ... ... 2 ...
September ... ... 2 ... -
October _ ... ... ...
November ... 1. - 1 -
December _ 1 4 i 1 1 1 1
Total 2 1 i 5 6 14 ... ... 7


appendices.
Vessels inspected during the year 1941_concld.
43
of sick. Disinfection. Fumigation by means of Sulphur trays at agent's request. Vaccination.
t 6 u u w) e c v (U TJ 'i i-i-t (29) Allowed to travel. _ Asiatic Crew £ Deck Passen- ~ gers. £ Boots and Shoes. 6 0/3 (35) TJ 4> U B 3 3 ea a a 3 s C/D (36) y Time spent. Amount realised and fees. £ S u (39) CO V-, lb. Rs.
2 1 3 8 26 43
1 4 2 1 807 250 18 35
2 ...
2
4
11 10 4 ... ... 1 807 ... 250 ... 130


44 appendices.
Table No. III.Statement showing the Infectious and other Diseases reported
Sea-going. Riverine. Imports.
Cases.
tn C/D
Diseases. No. of Vesse Total. -a JU i o a > o o E Cases. OQ §5 > O o Cases.
(1) (2) (3) 14) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Small-pox 1 2
Cholera 1 2 2 1 1
Chicken-pox 11 11 4 7 ...
Measles 6 8 8 1 1
Mumps 1 1 1 3 3 1 1
Leper 1 2 2
Pneumonia 2 4 4
Bronchitis 1 1 1
Ordinary deaths 3 4 4 4 4 1 1
Ordinary illness 43 104 8 96 ...
Diseases of T.B. Lungs 1 1 1 ...
Gastritis 1 1
Heart failure 4 5 5 ...
Parotitis 1 1 1
T.B. Diarrhoea 1 1 1
Scarlet fever 1 1 1. ...
Labour Pneumonia 1 1 1
Recket fever 1 i 1 i 1
Total 79 148 32 116 10 11 3 3


appendices. 45
and detected on In-coming Sea-going and Riverine Vessels \during the year 1947.
Disposal of cases. Corpses.
Hospitals. U3* CO
CO O co WS 2 0-2 UP (10) ^ Observation. Rangoon General ^ Hospital. >> u § (13) 2 2
3 3 ...
11 11 ...
9 9
5 ... ... 2 1 - ... 5 2 1 4 4 4 1 4 9
1 2 97 4 104
1 - ... I ... 1 1 1 5 ... ... 1 5
I ... 1 1 ... 1 1 1 1 1
33 2 ... 103 4 142 15 4 1 20 ...


46 appendices.
Table No. II.Details of out-going sea-going
Inspec
Deck passengers.
Months. CO 13 to > o
4H o o 55 o 'cn < Male. Boys. Girls. Total.
(I)' (2) , (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8)
1947, To Ports beyond India.
January 31 1,182 65 24 18 15 122
February 25 397
March ... ... 43 1,986 256 61 119 85 521
April ... 54 1,407 42 18 5 5 70
May 21 1,280 279 78 68 18 443
June 21 1,454 140 47 51 26 264
July 19 1,120 51 8 7 3 69
August ... 16 1,096 3 2 1 6
September 16 1,041 77 26 16 5 124
October ... 22 1,381 88 58 65 33 244
November ... 14 615 3 3
December 23 1,036 298 74 6% 39 478
Total 305 13,995 1,302 396 417 229 2,344


appendices.
vessels inspected during the year 1947.
47
tion.
3
w
(9)
387
130
771
486
303
475
264
255
207
325
332
307
4,242
vSaloon passengers.
(10)
25
101
21
107
114
53
50
87
99
71
60
788
a
(11)
12
60
17
67
58
33
33
47
69
51
59
506
o
PQ
0 2)
12
9
15
13
7
7
7
14
15
19
122
CD
(13)
15
8
10
10
5
8
1
12
10
15
95
O
H
(14)
42
188
55
199
195
98
98
142
194
147
153
1,511
cs
* 3
(15)
to/3
rt
to/)
to/)
rt
PQ
(161
Result of Inspection.
Temperature.
H
(17)
(18)
G u "m
O o £
g'O
,11.
cj ro -I -t->
is a s
= u cr
(19)
O
(20)


appendices.
Table II.Details of out-going vessels.
Diseases. Disposal of Sick.
Months. Mumps. Small-pox. Chicken-pox. Fever and other ailment Civil General Hospital. Municipal Obser- vation Hospital. Contagious Diseases Hospital. Passengers' resi- dence. Allowed to travel on ship's Surgeon undertaking.
(1) (2!) (22) (23) (24) (25) (26) (27) (28) (29)
To Ports beyond India (1947).
January 1 1
February
March
f April
May
June ...
July
August
September 1 1 1 1
October ...
November
December 1 ... 1 %
*
Total 1 2 1 ... .... 3 ... 1


appendices. 49
inspected during the year 1947contd.
Disinfection. Fumigation by means of sulphur trays at Agent's request. Vaccination.
co Asiatic crew deck passengers. £ Boots and shoes. I Baggage coolies. jS Boxes. cn T (34) . 3 6 jc a CO "3 g CO O (35) on Time spent. "Co Amount realized and'fees. Crew. CO u One vessel 82 crews and their effects. ! ... - 0 80 2 30 39 73

... ... 80 144


50 appendices.
Statement showing the flying boats passengers inspected by the
Flying Boats. Passengers disembarked at Rangoon
E. W. from Indian Ports. from Foreign Ports.
Months
B. B. M. F. / B. G. Total. M. F. B. G. Total.
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (10) (11) (12) _ (13)
January 21 21 6.9 7 76 124 12 . 1 137
February- 18 18 60 2 62 78 2 80
March 19 19 46 7 . 1 54 70 4 74
April 18 17 67 9 76 69 1 70
May 20 19 57 16 1 74 65 5 70
June 22 23 103 9 112 58 11 1 70
July ... 26 26 64 11 2 77 83 17 1 2 103
August 26 25 48 5 1 54 80 11 2 93
September 26 25 46 8 1 ... 55 104 10 1 115
October 26 29 62 3 65 161 19 1 2 183
November 28 25 40 7 1 48 99 31 2 3 135
December 27 27 i 20 1 26 127 19 1 147
Total 227 274 682 89 2 6 779 1,118 142 7 10 1,277


appendices. 51
Port Health Department, Rangoon, during the year 1947.
Through Passengers Total number of Passengers
examined. examined.
Action taken.
M. F. B. G. Total. M. F. B. G. Total.
' (14) (15) (16)* (17) (18) (19) (20) (21) (22) (23) (24)
461 140 5 606 654 159 6 819
390 118 1 511 530 122 1 653
425 169 5 4 603 541 180 £ 4 731
376 116 2 4 498 512 126 2 4 644
407 182 1 6 596 529 203 1 7 740
422 153 1 2 578 583 173 2 o 4* 760
418 174 5 4 601 565 202 6 8 781
548 153 6 6 713 676 169 6 9 860
! 480 162 6 10 658 630 180 8 10 828
477 166 5 2 650 700 188 6 4 898
502 J50 1 653 641 188 2 5 836
481 198 4 8 691 628 222 5 9 864
4>
5,389 1,881 35 53 7,358 7,189 2,112 44 69 9,414


52
Statement showing, the number of rats caught and the number
Of the total
Months. Number of rats caught and destroyed. Number of rats examined. Nesokia Bengalensis. R. Norvi- gicus.
(1) (2) (3) v (4) (5)
January 849 739 472
February 923 606 365
March, 1,046 974 711
April 1,318 921 769 4
May 1,260 990 772 1
June 1,252 976 659 8
July 1,372 1,333 1,010 6
August 1,573 1,528 1,158 55
September 1,222 1,114 783 38
October 1,082 975 714. 35
November 983 956 725 34
December 822 % 796 648 13
*fotal for the year 1947 13,702 11,908 8,786 194


53
examined for B. Pestis in the Port of Rangoon during the year 1947.
examined.
Rattus Rattus. Mus Con- color. Mus Muse. C. Coe- rulia. Number found positive for B. Pestis. Remarks as to the number of rat traps laid, the number caught, nature of baits used, etc.
(6) (7) (8) (9) 10) (11)
79 49 139 Nil 83,189 traps set during the year. Baits used
65 52 124 1 (doubtful). Cheese : 7 months. (April to October 1947).
70 91 102 Nil Bread : 5 months. (January, February, March November and December).
29 25 94 Nil Trapping 12,778
44 24 139 Nil Smoking 751
58 32 219 Nil C, Fumigation 122 % P. Baits 40
43 75 199 Nil Beaten H
75 85 155 Nil Total 13,702
121 90 82 Nil
102 54 70 Nil m
77 73 13 34 Nil
47 27 15 46 Nil
810 687 28 1,403 1 (doubtful).


VITAL
Annual Statement No. I.Deaths registered according to Ages and Sexes in the
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
No. Divisions and Towns. Under 1 year. 1 year and under 5. 5 and under 10. 10 and under 15. 15 and under 20.
Males. Females I\JaIes. Females Males. Females Males. Females Males. Females.
Arakan Division.
1 Akyab Pegu Division. 9 5 1 2 1 3 1 1 2 4
2 3 4 5 6 7 S Rangoon Pegu Letpadan Syriam Insein- Prome Paungde irrawaddy division. 2,400 112 44 66 83 57 28 1,979 83 29 54 91 37 19 860 37 15 23 40 36 14 897 32 9 10 53 34 18 275 12> 4 10 12 7 10 254 16 7 7 20 12 8 119 12 3 5 9 11 1 98 9 3 5 10 4 3 147 17 8 4 12 11 4 154 11 5 1L 13 11 4
9 10 11 12 Bassein Henzada Pyapon Kyaildat Tenasserlm Division. 348 198 27 68 277 196 24 81 78 54 J 7 35 74 70 12 59 43 27 7 25 51 17 7 19 21 5 7 7 15 9 11 8 18 16 15 14 19 15 7 10
13 14 15 16 17 Thaton "Moulmein Tavoy | ... Mergui Toungoo Magwe Division. 89 267 20 170 34 77 211 11 143 26 60 177 27 37 23 60 167 34 56 20 21 57 21 23 15 26 84 24 18 7 11 35 17 6 5 9 21 12 8 6 7 16 12 12 10 8 30 5 7 6
18 19 20 21 Allanmyo Yenangyaung Chauk Pakkku Mandalay Division. 50 81 49 183 34 89 30 174 33 35 27- 74 30 35 32 85 11 15 12 25 25 7 17 29 5 8 4 16 6 9 5 14 4 9 2 15 6 16 6 22
22 23 24 25 Mandalay Mavmyo Myingyan Pyinmana Sagaing Division. 1,041 87 152 125 873 70 150 106 248 39 65 29 238 26 67 31 71 6 9 22 81 11 16 16 61 3 9 7 61 7 11 17 73 7 11 13 61 11 8 11
26 27 28 Shwebo Sagaing Monywa 40 78 73 42 68 67 5 20 43 9 22 29 10 14 14 9 6 10 10 11 8 11 3 10 11 1 8 11 7 13
Total of Towns, Burmfc. Total, Population 5,979 5,046 2,152 2,210 779 807 417 386 479 492
10,332 10,564 40,261 40,785 51,779 48,179 54,045 46,734 72,223 46,696
Ratio per 1,000 living. 57869 477*65 53-45 54-43 15-04 1675 7-71 - 8*26 6-63 10*54


STATISTICS. 55
Towns of Burma having apopuation of 10>000 and above, during the year 1947.
8 9 10 li 12 13 l
20 and under 30. 30 and under 40. 40 and under 50. 50 and under 60. 60 and upwards. Total (; all ages). No.

Males Females. Males. Fenial.es. Males. Females. Males. Females. Males. Females. Males. Females.
15
17 12 10 26 7 17 3 16 1 2 100 64 1
638 531 863 505 864 408 682 333 956 694 7,804 5,853 2
72 45 64 47 75 28 54 27 75 52 530 350 3
15 8 19 11 16 11 12 9 18 17 154 109 4
27 27 24 19 27 14 27 11 22 27 235 185 5
32 21 45 25 40 22 22 10 41 28 336 293 6
44 24 30 30 47 21 21 20 31 35 295 228 7
' 21 15 29 23 36 22 18 14 35 42 196 168 8-
49 77 59 83 113 59 77 37 134 97 940 789 9
34 38 45 33 30 20 36 29 69 79 514 506 10
28 8 ?8 14 27 8 J 8 12 42 30 216 133 11
34 27 34 21 36 28 24 26 52 27 329 306 12
27 39 37 31 44 26 23 22 67 48 386 346 13
127 124 140 107 107 71 91 57 159 121 1,176 993 14
33 30 48 45 57 40 37 33 68 76 340 310 15
28 30 39 33 44 23 30 15 49 34 438 366 16
25 15 38 18 37 20 24 12 33 33 244 163 17
18 23 13 11 14 12 11 10 28 27 187 184 18
31 18 37 21 33 18 29 12 37 30 315 255 19
14 21 14 18 15 12 13 7 17 21 167 169 20
36 34 51 33 45 32 34 22 x 37 51 516 496 21
212 154 183 138 168 132 151 105 229 276 2,437 2,119 22
35 21 38 23 18 14 27 13 32 22 292 218 23
46 20 47 25 44 18 33 21 32 41 448 377 24
34 35 36 33 28 28 24 21 31 35 349 333 25.
12 15 15 16 14 16 16 15 7 8 140 1^2 26
21 7 29 14 25 13 26 14 33 26 258 180 27
22 25 16 27 25 14 17 12 29 32 255 239 28
1,730 1,449 2,033 1,414 2,055 1,137 1,594 922 2,379 2,021 19,597 15,884
179,693 89,590 136.649 63,597 73,440 41,275 34,964 26,482 21,177 21,581 674,563 435.413
962 1617 14-88 ' 22'26 2795 27*55 45*59 34-82 10924 9365 2905 36*48


56
Serial
No.
.(1)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
.9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
VITAL
Supplementary Annual Statement No. Ia.Giving the Details of
of 10,000. and above
Not exceeding one month.
Male. Female.
Divisions and Towns-
Total of
Under Over Under Over Columns
one one Total. one one Total. 5 and 8.
week. week. week. week.
(2) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8)
Arakan Division.
Akyab 2 1 3 2 ... 2 5
Pegu Divisio.n.
Rangoon 645 378 1,023 469 319 788 1,811
Pegu 24 8 32 12 9 21 53
Letpadan t) 8 13 5 4 9 22
Syriam 16 9 25 17 6 23 48
Insein 19 10 29 24 7 31 \ 60
Prome ... 9 ... 9 8 2 10' 19
Paungde ... 3 3 ... ... 3
irrawaddy division.
Bassein 76 26 102 63 23 86 188
Henzada 42 13 55 37 8 45 100
Pyapon 1 2 3 1 ... 1 4
Kyaiklat 18 6 24 19 9 28 52
Tenasserim Division.
Thatn 17 9 26 14 6 20 46
Moulmein 76 32 108 60 34 94 202
Tavoy 19 1 1 1
Mergui 34 53 14 26 40 93
Toungoo 5 1 6 4 4 8 14
Magwe Division.
Allanmyo 5 4 9 4 2 6 15
Yenangyaung 14 7 21 12 6 18 39
Chauk 2 4 6 2 .C- 2 8
Pakokku 32 17 49 26 18 44 93
Mandalay Division.
Mandalay 355 127 482 250 114 364 846
Maymyo 12 12 24 27 10 37 61
Myingyan 29 12 41 30 10 40 81
Pyinmana 22 9 31 23 3 26 57
Sagaing Division.
Shwebo 10 9 19 8 11 19 38
Sagaing 14 7 21 11 4 15 36
Monywa 14 5 19 17 3 20 39
Total of Towns, Burma... 1,483 753 2.236 1,159 639 1,798 w 4,034
Ratio per mille of births for
last 3 columns only.


STATISTICS.
57
Deaths by Ages and Sexes under one year in the Towns having a population
during the year 1947.
Over one month and not exceeding six months. Over six months and not exceeding twelve months.
Total Male, Total Female, Total. No.
Male. Female. Total. Male. Female. Total. colums 5 10 and 13. columns 8, 11 and 14.
(10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18) (l)
6 1 7 2 2 9 5 14 1
1,044 63 20 30 38 30 14 876 50 12 23 36 15 12 1,920 113 32 53 74 45 26 333 17 11 11 16 18 11 315 12 8 8 24 12 7 648 29 19 19 40 30 18 2,400 112 44 66 83 57 28 1,979 83 29 54 91 37 19 4,379 195 73 120 174 94 47 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
200 107 22 34 157 110 15 34 357 217 37 68 46 36 2 10 34 41 8 19 80 77 10 29 348 198 27 68 277 196 24 81 625 394 51 149 9 10 11 12
49 110 13 99 22 40 70 5 82 9 89 180 18 181 31 14 49 7 18 6 17 47 5 21 9 31 96 12 39 15 89 267 20 170 34 77 211 11 143 26 166 478 31 313 60 13 14 15 16 17
29 42 19 84 20 54 17 79 49 96 36 163 12 18 24 50 > 8 17 11 51 20 35 35 101 50 81 49 183 34 89 30 174 84 170 79 357 18 19 20 21
421 47 70 71 357 17 70 72 778 64 140 143 138 16 41 23 152 16 40 8 290 32 81 31 1,041 87 152 125 873 70 150 106 1,914 157 302 231 22 23 24 25
9 48 44 9 45 32 18 93 76 12 9 10 14 8 15 26 17 25' 40 78 73 42 68 67 82 146 140 26 27 28
2,785 2,319 5,104 958 929 1,887 5,979 5,046 11,025
316*88 285-22 301*48


58
VITAL
Annual Statement No. II-A.Births and Deaths registered from
No.
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
Divisions and Towns.
Arakan Division.
Akyab
Kyaukpyu
Sandoway
Pegu Division.
Rangoon
Pegu
Nyaunglebin
Tharrawaddy
Thonze
Zigon
Letpadan
Gyobingauk
Minhla
Nattalin
Syriam
Thongwa
Insein
Thamaing
Kamayut
Thingangyun
Kanbe
Prome
Shwedaung
Paungde
Toungoo
Shwegyin
Pyu
lRRAWADDY DIVISION
Bassein
Ngathainggyaung
Kyonpyaw
Henzada
Myanaung
Kyangin
Myaungmya
Wakema
Moulmeingyun
Maubin
Yandoon
Danubyu
Pyapon
Kyaiklat
Tenasserim Division
Thaton
Kyaikto
Moulmein
3 4 5 6 7
to Births.
03
O
B i | | Male. rt E J to | Total ___£ o o .e O Cn -Eo £
38,094 172 162 334 877
4,232 93 92 185 4371
4,070 72 64 136 33'42
398,967 7,130 6,820 13,950 34-96 4 626 12
21,626 382 329 711 32'88 9
7,790 160 143 309 39'67 5
7,131 124 100 224 31-41 "2
7,962 154 141 295 37-05 ... 5
6,365 121 111 23 2 36-45
12,160 131 152 283 3150 "#8 "2
7,675 120 102 222 23-93 3
4,413 85 78 163 36-94 ... "7
5,633 78 68 146 2592 1 8
15,070 360 367 727 48 24 4
8,976 115 115 230 25*62 "3
20,487 323 301 624 30-46 6
5,645 99 78 177 31-36 2
7,256 192 163 355 4892 2
7,984 135 121 256 32*06 1
6,575 157 138 295 4487 2
.28,295 245 206 451 15*94 7 "3
8,408 88 6 156 18-55 "i 1 4
13,479 133 118 251 18-62 l 9 5
23,223 252 292 544 23-43 7
5,876 76 82 158 26*89
7,807 214 221 435 55-72 ... "l
45,662 1,003 945 1,948 42-66 2
5,3S0 120 134 254 47 21 . 4
5,866 122 117 239 40-74
28,542 462 469 931 32-62 2 1
9,072 137 93 230 25-35 24
6,780 76 51 127 1873 18
7,933 237 223 460 57*99 "5 7
9,359 123 112 235 25*11 14
7,747 183 152 335 43'24 "3 3
8,897 226 205 431 48*44
9,925 130 131 26) 26-30 1
6,334 150 154 304 47 99 21
12,338 225 196 421 3412 2 1
10,658 200 196 396 37-16 34 10
16,851 442 382 824 48*90 14 6
6,611 112 81 193 2919 "i
65,506 1,028 922 1,950 29*77 50 12 ...
578
100
21
16
27
30
40
51
16
11
45
20
99
55
137
83
103
120
60
87
57
42
53
182
52
52
131
40
23
79
190
157
164
25
86
40
174
212
52
202
564
14
5
6
7
Q
21
7
5
1
20
20
67
"*7
1
2
10
5
6
16
10
131
6
4
25
5
1
20
10
23
5
11
19
21
31
11
6
43
12
10
3,457
63
13
13
26
31
20
15
7
14
69
61
94
5
is
6
3
35
15
80
59
10
40
332
12
16
139
47
16
73
23
47
13
67
21
36
73
80
10
Suicide.

113| 459


STATISTICS.
59
different causes in the Towns of Burma during the year 1947.
Injuries.
12
14
Ratio of Deaths per 1,000 population.
Wounding or accident. | Snake-bite. | Killed by wild beasts Rabies. | Total. 1 All other causes. Total deaths from causes. Cholera. Small-pox. Plague. Fever. Dysentery and Diarrhoea. ^ Respiratory Diseases. Injuries. All other causes. Froi can rt > O fcn , trt w Mean of previ- y ous live years. ~ No, i
7 1 8 83 164 0*50 0-29 1-13 0*21 2-18 4-31 1
9 9 51 95 425 1-18 2-84 2-13 1205 22-45 2
6 1 7 31 . 61 ... 270 0-49 2-46 1-72 7-62 14'99 ... 3
414 6 5 434 7,982 13,657 O'Ol 1-57 003 1'45 1-41 8-66 1-09 2001 34-23 4
134 >> 2 136J 55S 880 0*42 4'62 0-65 2-91 6-29 2580 40-69 5
61 61 154 259 0'64 ... 270 064 1-67 783 1977 3325 6
10 10 109 156 0'28 2-24 0'84 1'82 1-40 1529 21*88 7
4 4 99 168 063 3-39 0-88 3'27 0'50 12*43 2110 8
2 9 110 189 ... 471 1-41 4-87 V41 17-28 29-69 9
30 2 32 140 263 0*66 016 3'29 1-73 1-64 263 1151 2T63 10
13 6 19 159 254 0'39 ... 6'64 0'91 1-95 248 2072 33-09 ... 11
2 1 3 44 82 ... ... 1*59 3'63 1-13 1*59 068 9'97 18-58 ... 12
2 1 3 57 95 ... 0*18 1-42 195 018 2-49 0'53 10'12 16-86 13
26 1 27 255 420 ... 0-27 2'99 1-33 4'58. 179 16*92 27-87 ... 14
4 4 84 192 0;33 2*23 2-23 680, 0'45 936 21-39 15
22 22 341 628 ... 0'29 ... 4"83 3-27 4-59 1'07 16-64 30-70 16
1 1 200 236 ;.. 035 ... 974 0-86 0-18 35-43 46-59 17
3 i 4 340 505 0'28 ... 18*88 0'96 2-07 055 46-86 69-60 18
3 3 6 338 435 0*13 1040 013 075 0-75 42-33 54-48 19
3 4 246 360 030 15'67 0-30 0-46 061 37-41 54*75 20
40 1 41 307 523 025 Oil 4'24 0-35 1-24 1-45 10-85 18-48 21
4 4 68 158 0'12 0-12 0'48 7-14 0-59 1*78 0-48 8-09 18'79 ... 22
27 "2 30 146 364 0'07 0'67 0'37 6-45 0-45 5'94 2"23 1083 27-00 23
30 1 31 237 407 0'30 ... ... 2-45 0-69 2-54 1-33 1021 17-53 24
5 5 38 105 ... 7-15 1-70 170 0-85 647 17'87 25
51 1 52 124 278 - ... 0*13 6'79 i-02 5-12 6'66 15-88 35'61 26
26 26 1,056 1,729 0*04 3-99 2-87 7-27 0-57 23-13 37-87 27
29 1 "i 32 144 246 ... ... 9'67 1-12 2-23 5-95 26*77 45-72 ... 28
3 3 . 101 176 ... ... 8'86 0-68 2-73 0-51 17-22 30'00 29
9 1 "i 11 711 1,020 ... 0'07 0'04 4*59 0*88 4'87 039 2491 35-74 30
15 16 97 229 ... 2 65 4'41 0-55 5-18 1-76 1069 25*24 ... 31
4 ... 4 51 113 2*65 3-39 0-15 2'36 0-59 7-52 16-67 ... 32
7 7 295 486 ... 0'63 0'88 9'96 2-52 9'20 0'88 37-19 61-26 33
34 ... 36 182 455 ... ... 1*50 20-30 1-07 2*46 3-85 19'45 48*62 ... 34
44 44 304 581 039 0*39 20-27 2'97 6-07 5-68 39*24 75*00 35
25 ... 25 175 382 18*43 0-56 1-46 2'81 1967 42-94 36
29 31 243 378 ... ... 0 10 2-52 111 6-75 3-12 24*48 38*09 37
3 "1 7 155 309 ... 3'32 13-58 300 3-32 I'll 24-47 .48-78 .. 38
49 *3 54 195 349 (T16 0'08 3'24 1-70 2'92 4'38 15*80 28*29 39
53 1 54 259 635 3'19 0*94 16'33 2-91 6*85 5-07 24*30 59'58 40
24 25 384 732 083 036 12-58 0-65 4-75 1-48 22*79 43*44 ... 41
7 "i 1 9 191 269 0;i5 ... 7-87 0'91 1'51 1-36 1 28*89 40*6^ > ... 42
63 2 ... ... 65 1,268 2,169 076 0;18 3'08 173 7*01 0-99 19*36 33-11 43
5


60 VITAL
Annual Statement No. II-A.Births and Deaths registered fron
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Q Births.
o Ui 5.
C/i tn rt P No. Divisions and Towns. O) U -d c rt V) Q
.2 ^aj ai u rt u X o o. aJ >. u a o 4) Ph H_ W O co cu Q K £ £
Tenasserim Division.
concld.
44 Kawkareik 6,575 175 160 335 5095 73 4 2 2
45 Tavoy 29,018 390 325 715 24*64 371 16 32
46 Mergui 20,405 327 294 621 3043 251 10 41 1 ...
Magwe Division.
47 Thayetmyo 9,279 144 117 261 28-13 191 3 70 3 14
48 Allanmyo 12,511 238 194 432 34'53 25 5 35 32 83
49 Minbu 6,005 119 108 227 37-80 29 5 6
50 Salin 6,654 86 91 177 26-60 ... 13 50 14 27 I
51 Magwe 8,209 114 107 221 26-92 4 29 9 15 ...
52 Taungdwingyi 8,339 216 197 413 49'53 5 85 14 103
53 Yenangyaung 11,098 191 236 427 38'4b ""6 16 61 31 71 ...
54 Chauk 12,830 58 64 122 9-51 1 2 101 13 10 ...
55 Pakokku 23,115 383 326 709 30-67 20 222 54 111 . 1 ...
Mandalay Division.
56 Mandalay 134,950 3,152 2,822 5,974 44-27 16 21 692 155 741 5 2
57 Maymyo 16,586 429 376 805 48-53 ... 1 57 35 130 ...
58 Myitnge 5,682 52 38 90 15'84 12 7
59 Kyaukse 7,353 69 63 132 1795 1 19 53 3 ...
60 Meiktila 8,830 88 83 171 19'37 25 '"5 64 i.
61 Myingyan 25,457 348 355 703 2762 4 37 29 219 1
62 Nyaung-U 8,118 51 46 97 1195 ... 18 30 6 21
63 Yamethin 9,291 94 94 188 20-23 28 16 26
64 Pyinmana 17,656 275 260 535 30*30 17 29 82 19 60
65 Pyawbwe 5,783 110 102 212 3666 1 17 5 ... ...
Sagaing Division.
66 Shwebo 11,286 198 219 417 36*95 18 54 2 5
67 Ye-U 3,739 73 66 139 37*18 ' 9 34 4 4
68 Sagaing 14,127 177 148 325 2301 10 43 13 83 1
69 Myinmu 5,072 95 103 198 3904 10 15 7 13 1
70 Monywa 10,800 214 215 - 429 3972 17 87 18 61


STATISTICS. 64
different causes in the Towns of Burma during the year 1947concld.
li 12 13 14 1
I njurics. Ratio of Deaths per 1,000 population.
1 m 0) rt E IT. O rt From all causes.
2 3 rt o o "c < o Ui T3 C c/5
Wounding < accident. O) 13 en G V3 £ O c c/j OJ 15 rt 5 o H £ "rt u C/j 4) rt in SI rt- u o 8 g o, "rt £ C/D U § £ u. o > D to rt fcgj cu & rt QQ fc o "rt *G IA 3 9 45 ... \ 1 5 11 47 159 220 455 243 650 804 ... ... 11*10 1279 12'30 061 0-55 049 030 1*10 2-01 076 0-38 2'30 24*18 758 22-3C 36*96 22-40 39-40 ... 44 45 46
10 7 "A 3 21 38 0 12 1 1 1 1 2 1 4 1 1 1 2 1 1 11 8 1 6 5 25 39 14 15 288 183 71 104 104 153 346 195 590 580 371 112 214 164 385 570 33b 1,012 ... 20-58 2-00 0**54 0-08 0'32 0'40 1-95 0*49 0*60 1*44 0*16 0*87 7-54 2*80 483 7-51 3-53 1019 5-50 7-87 9'60 032 2'56 083 2-10 1*10 1'68 2-79 l'Ol 2-34 1-51 6-63 roo 4-06 1'58 12-35 6'40 078 4*80 1*19 0-64 0-17 090 0*61 300 3*51 109 0*65 31-04 14-63 1182 1563 12*67 18-35 31-18 15*20 25'52 62*51 29*65 18*65 32*16 19*98 46-17 51*36 26*19 43*78 ... 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55
93 45 1 19 93 3 i 35 11 7 1 1 5 1 ... 1 J 1 112 46 "i 19 95 2 3 37 11 2,819 241 13 52 95 441 131 42 43S 129 4,556 510 32 129 208 852 208 115 682 163 0'12 014 0*96 0*16 0'06 2*58 0*16 2-22 3*01 1*64 0*17 5-13 3l44 2-11 7-21 2'83 1-45 3-70 172 4-64 2'94 1-15 2-11 0'57 1*14 0'74 108 5*49 7-84 1-23 0-4.1 7-25 8-60 2-59 2'80 3-40 0'86 0*83 2*77 014 215 3-73 025 0'32 2'10 1-90 20-89 14*53 2'29 7*07 10-76 1732 16'14 4'52 24-81 22'31 33-76 30-75 5-63 17-54 23-56 32-41 25*62 12*38 3863 28*19 ... 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65
14 *59 10 14 -1 1 "i 14 60 12 16 199 57 229 88 295 292 108 438 145 494 ... - 1-59 2'41 071 1*97 1-57 4-78 9-09 3-04 2-96 806 0-18 107 092 V38 1-67 0*44 1'07 5-88 256 5-65 1-24 4-25 2'37 1-48 17*63 15-24 16*21 17*35 27*3.1 25*87 28*88 31*00 28*59 45*74 66 67 68 69 70
1,898 58 1 31 2030 26,249 45,566 0 05 0'73 030 4*61 1*28 5'50 1*46 1892 32'84
9 9 1 8 18 1 1 v. 9 9 1 8 19 1 36 59 30 59 100 18 110 169 68 177 314 30 ... 0*37 0*65 0*81 028 3*12 7-10 10-10 15-31 913 no 0*87 1*91 332 1-29 1*73 083 3'74 4-78 4'83 690 10*86 0'83 1-12 1'23 0-44 1-72 2'20 0-28 4*49 8*05 1317 12-72 11*56 ; 4-95 13*73 23*06 29*&5 38*16 36*29 8*29 i > ... 1 2 3 d 1


62 VITAL
"Statement II-B.Supplement lo

c? 1 2 3 4 5
Pivisions ncl Towns. w Malaria. Enteric fever. Measles, Relapsing fevei. Kala-azar.
No. 0
0 C .2 £ ~rt 6 .c rt .2 6 i ci .2 "rt 0
c cu Arakan Division.
1 Akvab 38,094 1 0-03 2 005 ... ... ... ... 1 0.03
2 Kyaukpyu 4,232 11 260 0'49 ... ...
3 Sandoway 4,070 3 074 "'2 ...
Pegu Division.
4 Rangoon 3,98,967 428 1-07 70 0*18 4 001 5 001
5 Pegu 21,626 44 2'03 1 0'05 ... ...
6 Nyaunglebin 7,790 4 051 2 0'26
.7 Tharrawaddy 7,131 9 1-26
8 Thonze 7,962 27 3'39 ... 0*47 ...
9 Zigon 6,365 25 3*93 "*1 016 *3
10 Letpadan 12,160 33 271 6 0*49 ...
11 Gyobingauk 7,675 29 378 2 0*26. ...
12 Minhla" 4,413 16 3'63 ... ...
13 Nattalin 5,633 3 053 "l 0**18 ...
14 Syriam 15,070 8 -53 1 0'07 ...
15 Thongwa 8,976 14 1-56 3 033 ... 005 ...
16 Insein 20,487 31 l'5l 9 044 1
17 Thamaing 5,645 1 0*18 ...
18 Kamayut 7,256 4 055 2 0 28
19 Tbingangyun 7,984 2 0*25
20 Kanbe 6,575 ...
21 Prome 28,295 47 1-66 12 0*42
.22 Shwedaung 8,408 9 107 "l 0'07 ... ...
23 Paungde 13,479 85 631 ... ... ...
24 Toungoo 23,223 40 1-72 5 0*22 ...
25 Shwegyin 5,876 26 4*42 0V38 ... ...
26 Pyu 7,807 49 6*28 3 ...
Irrawaddy Division.
.27 Bassein 45,662 121 2*65 12 0'26 ...
28 Ngathaingyaung 5,380 48 8*92 2 0-37 ... ...
:29 Kynpyaw 5,866 10 1-70 ... ... 0**07
30 Henzada .28,542 104 3*64 3 0 11 2 ...
31 Myanaung 9,072 30 3*31 ... ... ... ...
32 Kyangin 6,780 14 206 "l 0**13 ... 0*'1*3 ...
.33 Myaungmya 7,933 41 517 1 ... ...
34 Wakema 9,359 187 19*99 1 O'll ... ... ... ...
.35 Moulmeingyun 7,747 77 9.94 10 129 ...
36 Maubin 8,897 ... ... ... ... ...
37 Yandoon 9,925 20 2'02 ... ... ... ... ... ...
.38 Danubyu 6,334 36 5-68 4 0*63 ...
Pyapon 12,338 31 2*51 "l6 1V50 ... ... .
j7 40 Iiyaiklat 10,658 128 12*01 ... ... ...
Tenasserim Division.
Thaton 16,851 115 6*82 ... ... ... ...
41 Kyaikto 6,611 52 7-87 ... 0*75 ... ... ... .... ...
42 Moulmein 65,506 128 1-95 49 17 0-26 ...
43 Kawkareik 6,575 19 2*89 ... 2 0*30 ... ... ...
44


STATISTICS.
Annual Statement II-A, 1947.
63
Fevers.
11
Influenza.
Ceiebrospinal
Fever.
Typhus Fever.
Blackwater
Fever.
Other Fevers.
Total Fevers.
Dysentery and]
I
| Death. Ratio. I Death. Ratio. Death. Ratio. Death. Ratio. Death. Ratio. Death. Ratio. Death.
15 0'39 19 0'50 7
... 7 1'65 18 4-25 4
... 6 1'47 11 2-70
... ... 8 1 0'02 6;09 1 000 62 016 578 1-45 313
... 0*05 2 ... 52 240 100 462 9
... 0 0'26 ... ... 13 167 21 2-70 4
... 7 098 16 224 4
27 3*39 6
"l 0-16 30 4-71 7
1 0'08 40 329 8
20 261 51 6-64 6
... 16 3'63 4
... 7 1*24 11 1*95 1
... ... 36 239 45 2-99 15
... 0'05 3 033 20 223 12
... 1 57 278 99 4'83 36
... ... 54 9*57 55 974
131 18'05 137 18-88 *4
81 10*15 83 1040 1
103 15'67 103 15*67 1
... 61 2*16 120 424 5
... 0-07 ... ... 51 607 60 7'14 3
... v.. 1 ... 87 645 6
... 0-17 "l 0*04 11 0V47 57 2-45 8
... 1 ... 15 2-55 42 7*15 3
... 1 0*13 53 679 4

... 49 107 182 399 75
0*68 ... 2 0'37 52 9-67 5
4 ... 42 7-16 52 886 3
... ... ... 18 0-63 131 4*59 16
10 1*10 40 4*41 1
... 9 1*33 23 339 1
... 36 4'54 79 996 14
... 2 0-21 190 20'30 9
70 904 157 20-27 23
... c. 164 18-43 164 1843 5
... 5 0'50 25 2-52 9
" 1 0*16 45 7-10 86 13-58 14
... ... 9 0-73 40 3-24 7
30 2-81 174. 16-33 22
... ... 97 576 212 12*58 3
... ... ... ... ... 52< 7-87 5
... 8 012 202 3*08 | 70
... 52 791 73 11-10 1
Dysentery.
No.
0*18
0'95
078
0'42
0'51
0'56
075
110
0'66
078
0'91
018
roi
1-34
1 76
0V55
013
015
0'18
0'36
0'45
0*34
0'51
051
1-64
093
051
0'56
011
015
176
096
297
056
091
2'21
057
2-06
0*18
076
107
015
4
5
6
7
.8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
P41
42
43
44


VITAL
Statement II-B.Supplement to
Divisions and Towns, | Population (Census 1931). j i Diarrhoea. Respiratory Diseases.
13 14 15 16 17 Other ~~ Respiratory Diseases.
Diarrhoea. Pneumonia. Pulmonary Tuberculosis. Whooping cough.
Death. Ratio. Death. Ratio. 1 Death. j Ratio. Death. Ratio. Death. Ratio.
---- Arakan Division. I
1 Akyab 38,094 4 O'll 25 0'66 11 0*29 1 0 03 6 ' 016
2 Kyaukpyu 4,232 1 0*24 8 1'89 4 0*95
3 Sandoway 4,070 2 0*49 5 1*23 3 0*74 2 i 0*49
Pegu Division. i
4 Rangoon 398,967 251 063 1,939 4*86 840 2*11 2 0*01 676 1*69
5 Pegu 21,626 5 0-23 18 083 23 1*06 .3 0*14 & 0*88
6 Nyaunglebin 7,790 1 0'13 5 0*64 8 | 1*03
7 Tharrawaddy 7,131 2 0*28 7 0'98 6 0*84
8 Thonze 7,962 1 0-13 7 0'88 19 2V39
9 Zign 6,365 2 0*31 14 220 11 1*73 6 0*94
10 Letpadan 12,160 13 1*07 5 0*41 13 1*07 2 0*16
11 Gyobingauk 7,675 1 0'13 9 1-17 6 078
12 Minhla 4,413 1 0*23 ... 0*91 3 0*68
13 Nattalin 5,633 "5 0 89 4 071 "2 0*36 3 ! 0*53
14 Syriam 15,070 "5 0-33 65 4-31 4 I 0*27
15 Thongwa 8,976 8 0*89 31 3'45 "26 2-90 4 0*45
16 Insein 20,487 31 1'51 64 312 26 1*27 4 0*20
17 Thamaing 5,645 ... ... 5 0*89 j ...
18 Kamayut 7,256 3 0*41 4 0*55 2 0 28 "9 1*24
19 Thingangyun 7,984 ... 6 0*75
20 Kan be 6,575 1 o'is 3 0*46'
21 Prome 28,295 5 0-18 19 0*67 "'7 0-25 9 0*32
22 Shwedaung 8,408 2 024 7 0*83 6 C*7l 2 0*24
23 Paungde 13,479 ... 56 415 15 111 9 0*67
24 Toungoo 23,223 ; 8 0-34 29 1*25 20 0'86 10 0*43
25 Shwegyin 5,876 ! 7 1M9 3 0'51 7 1*19
26 Pyu 7,807 ! 4 051 28 3'59 7 0*90 "5 0*64
Irrawaddy Division. >
27 Bassein 45,662 56 1*23 165 3'61 123 2'69 j 44 0*96
28 Ngathaingyaung 5,380 1 0 19 2 037 10 1*86
29 Kyonpyaw 5,866 1 0*18 2 0*34 4 0*68 1 10 170
30 Henzada 28,542 9 0*32 62 217 7 0*25 9 0*32 61 2*14
31 Myanaung 9,072 4 0*44 36 3*97 9 0*99 2 0*22
32 Kyangin 6,780 ... 7 1*03 7 1*03 2 0*29
33 Myaungmya 7,933 6 0*76 28 3*53 45 5*67
34 Wakema 9,359 1 011 5 0*53 16 1 71 "2 Oil
35 Moulmeingyun 7,747 6 077 41 5*29
36 ' Maubin 8,897 13 1*46
37 Yandoon 9,925 "2 ;20 27 272 "22 2*22 1 o'io 17 1*71
38 Danubyu 6,334 5 079 9 1 42 12 1 89
39 Pyapon 12,338 14 1*13 4 0*32 21 1*70 11 089
40 Kyaiklat 10,658 9 0*84 20 1*88 53 - 4*97 ... ...
Tenasserim Division.
AI Thatou 16,851 8 047 55 3*26 14 0*83 1 006 10 0*59
42 Kyaikto 6,611 1 015 4 0*61 6 0*91
43 Moulmein 65,506 43 0*66 151 2*31 159 2*42 149 2*27
44 Kawkareik 6,575 3 046 1 0*15 ... 1 0*15


STATISTICS.
Annual Statement 77-^4, 1947contd.
65
Other Causesi
18
Beri-beri in-
luding j£pide-
mic Dropsy.
016
004
005
1 03
0-08
Oil
0'18
1'24
0-25
0'30
0'04
004
0'93
O'll
025
011
0'40
0 08
151
19
Acute
Poliomyelitis.
Diphtheria.
007
0'04
13
005
21
Chicken-pox.
0'05
0'08
0'52
0 29
22
Mvmps.

16
0*09
0*02
23
Tuberculosis
of Joints.
12
0*03
0*24
0'03
1
Other
Tuberculosis
Diseases.
66
4
2
17
47
0 17
0'18
0-26
0*88
2'2l
3'I2
14
16
1-02
0'31
0'29
1'80
119
0 06


66
No.
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
5
66
67
68
69
70
1
2
3
4
5
6
VITAL
Statement II-B. Supplement to
fO ON i 2 3 4 5.
Divisions and Towns. w % a 4> U ..C c ^rt a o CU Malaria. Enteric Fever Measles. Relapsing Fever. Kala-azar,
£ "rt P 6 rt xj "rt Tenasserim Division concld. -
Tavoy Mergui 29,018 20,405 29 193 1*00- 9*46 2 2 107 0*10
Magwe Division.
Thayetmyo Allan myo Minbu Salin Magwe ... Taungdwingyi Yenangyaung Chauk Pakokku 9,279 12,511 6,005 6,654 8,209 8,339 11,098 12,830 23,115 5 32 25 44 8 41 38 4 15 0-54 256 416 661- 097 4'92 3'42 0'31 0'65 1 2 2 8 1 5 0*08 0*17 0*30 024 0*96 08 022 7 9 11 8 17 0'75 110 1-32 0*72 0*74 1 0*11 ... *
Mandalay Division.
Mandalay Maymyo Myitnge Kyankse Meiktila Myingyan Nyaung-(J Yamethin Pjdninana Pyawbwe 134,950 16,586 5,682 7,353 8,830 25,457 8,118 9,291 17,656 5,783 335 40 9 2 11 16 3 8 33 10 2'48 2'41 1-58' 027 125 063 037 086 1*87 1*73, 72 13 2 "*4 "*3 6 3 0*53 0*78 0*35 0*16 0*32 034 0-52 29 16 8 9 2 0*21 0*63 0'99 051 0*35 2 001
Sagaing Division.
Shwebo Ye-u Sagaing Myinmu Monywa 11,286 3,739 14,127 5,072 10,800 13 5 14 4 16 1*15 1*34 0*99 0*79 1*48 2 9 0*18 V 0'64 *3 1 10 0*21 020 093
Total 1,387,428 3,062 2*21 333 0*24 187 0*13 A 0*00 8 001
Bhamo Myitkyina Mawlaik Lashio Taunggyi Kalaw 8,011 7,328 2,278 4,638 8,652 3,621 18 45 12 60 67 4 2*25 6*14 5*27 1294 774 no "6 2 8 0;82 0V43 0*92 8 3-51 ...


STATISTICS.
Annual Statement II-A, 1947contd.
67
Fevers.
Influenza.
Cerebrospinal Typhus Fever
0'9 7
11
2
001
36
0'03
017
0*04
0'08
012
0*11
Oil
0-09
0*03
0*25
1*51
0*23
Blackwater
Fever.
Oil
0*01
0*06
004
0*09
0*01
0*01
0*00
0*22
10
Other Fevers.
339
56
47
2
2
4
10
25
15
96
184
240
1
1
51
14
19
4
32
2
39
29
17
10
59
2,741
11-68
2-74
507
0-lo
0'33
0-60
122
300
1-35
7'48
796
1*78
006
018
6-94
1-59
234
043
1-81
0*35
3'46
7-76
1'20
1*97
5*46
1*98
0*62
0*14
1*32
0*22
0-23
Total Fevers.
371
251
70
35
29
50
29
85
61
101
222
692
. 57
12
53
25
37
30
16
82
17
54
34
43
15
87
6,391
25
52
23
71
79
4
12-79
12-30
7-54
2'80
4-83
7'5l
3-53
1019*
5-50
7-87
960
5-13
3'44
211
7-2:
2-83
1-45
370
1-72
4-64
294
4-78
0'09
3*04
296
8*06
4*61
3-12
7*10
1010
1531
9-13
1*10


68 VITAL
Statement II-B.Supplement to
Diarrhoea. Respiratory Diseases.
ro o 13 14 1 16 17
No. Divisions and Towns. U] C u c o ji 3 "rt .2 .2 "rt 0 "rt .2 "rt 6
o pu. V q k <0 q q PS 0) q "rt Tenasserim Division concld. i ! 45 46 Tavoy Mergui Magwe Division. 29,018 20,405 6 0'2l 10 23 0-34 113 3 16 010 078 ... 19 2 065 010
47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 Thayetmyo Allanmyo Minba Salin Magwe Taungdwlngyi Yenangyaung Chauk Pakokku MaNdalay Division. 9,279 12,511 6,005 6 654 8,209 8,339 11,098 12,830 23,115 1 15 1 11 7 1 10 1 3 1 11 011 120 0'l7 1*65 085 011 0'90 023 0;48 6 36 6 18 65 41 5 81 0'65 2*88 roo 271 7**79 3*69 039 3*50 "io "6 10 5 12 5 14 0 80 090 1"22 0'60 1'08 0*39 0*61 1 004 8 37 *3 3 33 18 15 086 2 96 0'45 0 37 3'96 1*62 0V65
56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 Mandalay May my o Myitnge Kyauksii Meiktila Myingyan Nyaung-U Yamethin Pyinmana Pyawbwe Sagaing Division. 134,950 16,586 5,682 7,353 8,830 25,457 8,118 9,291 17,656 5,783 103 24 "2 25 3 "io 076 1-45 0'23 0'98 0-37 0;57 427 85 1 1 53 63 9 16 37 1 3*16 5*12 018 014 6'00 2*47 I'll 1 72 2 10 017 207 33 6 17 11 4 14 2 1*53 1*99 1*06 o;ii 0-67 1*36 0*43 079 0*35 107 12 2 10 139 1 6 9 2 0*79 072 0-27 1*13 5*46 0*12 0*65 0*51 0*35
66 67 68 69 70 Shwebo Ye-u Sagaing Myinmu Monywa 11,286 3,739 14,127 5,072 10,800 1 2 3 5 9 0'09 053 0'21 0*99 o;83 1 41 10 29 0*09 2*90 1'97 2*69 2 "9 3 20 0*17 0*64 0 59 1*85 ... 2 4 33 12 0*17 1*07 2*34 111
Total 1,387,428 774 056 4,002 2 88 1,999 1'44 20 0*01 1,614 1*16
1 2 3 4 5 6 Bhamo Myitkyina Mawlaik Lashio Taunggyi Kalaw 8,011 7,328 2,278 4,638 8,652 3,621 3 1 1 6 4 2 037 0'14 044 1'29 0'46 0*55 22 16 15 64 3 2*75 2*18 3*23 7*40 083 6 17 3 9 23 0*75 232 1-32 1'94 2'66 ... 2 2 8 8 7 025 0-27 3*51 1*72 0*81


STATISTICS. 72
Annual Statement II-A, 1947contd.
Other Causes.
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
Beri-beri in- cluding Epide- mic Dropsy. Acute Poliomyelities. Diphtheria, Chicken-pox. Mumps. Tuberculosis of Joints. Other ~~ Tuberculoisis Diseases. No.
Death. o rt "rt a. P .2 "rt K £ "rt aj P .2" "rt i £ rt Q .2 "rt "rt (U Q 0' ~rt K .c "rt P .2 "rt tt "rs P K
1 4 0'03 0'20 ... ... ... 45 46
11 0V48 ... ... 6 0*65 11 I 7 10 1V83 0 11 0'63 0;43 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55
4 "l 003 0*06 2 1 001 0'06 ... 2 1 001 006 1 12 "3 2 1 0*00 072 0;34 0'8 011 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65
1 009 ... ... 5 1 0*44 0-20 66 67 68 69 70
94 007 19 0-01 | 8 001 3 O'OO 24 0'02 243 0'18
i 0V27 1 \ 1 1 0*14 1 ... 1 0* 12 1 1 2 0'12 0-44 0-43 1 2 3 4 5 6


70 VITAL STATISTICS.
Statement--II-BSupplement to Annual Statement II-A, 1947contd.
Nc
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Divisions and Towns.
Arakan Division.
Akyab
Kyaukpyu
Sancloway
Pegu Division.
Rangoon
Pegu
Nyaunglebin
Tharrawaddy
Thonze
Zign
Letpadan
Gyobin^auk
12 Minhla
13 Nattalin
14 Syriani
15 Thongwa
16 Insein
17 Tliamaing
18 Kamayiit"
19 Thingangyun
20 Kanbe
21 Prome
22 Shwedaung
23 Paungde
24 Toungoo
25 Shvvegvin
26 Pyu
irrawaddy division
27 Bassein
28 Ngathainggyaung ..
29 Kvonpyaw
30 Henzada
31 Myanating
32 Kvangin
33 yi vaimgmya
34 Wakema
35 Moulmeingyun
36 Maubin
37 Yandoon
38 Danubyu
39 Pvapon
40 Kyaiklat
, Tenasserim Division
41
42
43
44
Thatn
Kvaikto
Moulmein
Kawkareik
a
U
38,094
4,232
4,070
398,967
21,626
7,790
7,131
7,962
6,365
12,160
7,675
4,413
5,633
15,070
8,976
20,487
5,645
7,256
7,984
6,575
28,295
8,408
13,479
23,223
5,876
7,807
45,662
5,380
5,866
28,542
9,072
6,780
7,933
9,359
7,747
8,897
9,925
6,334
12,338
10,658
16,851
6,611
65,506
6,575
Other Causes
25
27
Leprosy. Cancer. 2
^
2
i:
£ .2 £ S tn
~rt Q Q K Q2
1 0*03 4
3
... 1
69 017 106 027 85
3 0*14 1 0'05 14
1 0'13 2
1 0-14 ... 4
... 1
2 0"3l '"1 016 1
3 0*25 ... 5
2 026 "'1 013 3
1
... 4
2 0-13 "1 007 3
1 O'll 4 0-45 3
1 0*05 1 0'05 3
2
2
"2 0 25 | 6
1 015 ' 4 Q
... 0 1
... 5
1 0-04 "'2 009 6
... ... 4
1 0'i 3" 4 0*51 5
8 0*18 12 026 11
... 1 019 2
... ... ... 2
*6 021 1 004 10
2 0-22 ... 3
1 0-15
... "3 0*38 "'l
... 4
... 8
2 0-22 ... 24
2 0-20 i 5
1 0-16 016 '
2 0*16 1 0'08 "*5
10
2 012 2 0'12 3
1 0*15 2
19 029 16 0*24 1 31
29
Deaths under one
year.
9
20
2,400
112
42
21
26
30
44
39
7
9
66
24
83
46
100
74
47
57
17
28
34
10
34
348
30
/ 33
198
20
14
80
64
99
60
56
44
27
68
89
30
267
42
5
13
7
1,979
83
28
13
20
27
29
30
12
4
54
14
91
35
86
61
42
37
11
19
26
-7
33
277
30
23
196
12
10
58
57
60
53
38
40
24
81
77
25
221
28
14
33
15
s a
rt 0
41-92
178-38
110*29
4,379
195
70
'34
46
"57
73
69"
19.
13
120
38
17 '4 '
81'
186
135
89
94
28
* 47
60
17
67
31319
274-26
226-54
15179
155*93
245*69
257-95
310-81
116-56
j 89-04
1165-06
1165-22
i 278-85
i 457-63
I 523-94
; 527-34
I 301-69
208*43
179-49
187-25
110-29
107-59
154-02
625
60
56
320-84
236*22
234-31
394 423*20
32 139-13
24 188-98
138 i 300 00
121 ; 514-89
159 474-63
113 262-18
94 j 360-15
84 i 276-32
51 i 121-14
149 376-26
166
55
488
70
201-46
284*97
250-26
208*96


VITAL STATISTICS. 71
Statement U-B.Supplement to Annual Statement II-A, 1947concld.
Other Causes.
tH m o^ 25 26 27 2S 29
Divisions and Towns. CO J3 V) C Leprosy. Cancer. 2 Deaths under year. one ||
O o "rt 3 a, o £ "rt £ ri 02 rt S J e D U-t 5 s a <> u
Tenasserim Division concld.
45 46 Tavoy Mergui Magwe Division. 29,018 20,405 1 005 1 3 0'03 0'15 3 12 20 170 11 143 31 313 43-36 504-03
47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 Thayetmyo Allanmyo Minbu Salin Mag we Taungchvingyi Yenangyaung Chauk Pakkku Mandalay Division. 9,279 12,511 6,005 6,654 8,209 8,339 11,098 12,830 23,115 " 9 4 1 10 8 \'i 072 0'60 0'12 1'20 072 048 3 1 1 1 1 024 0*15 0'12 O'll 0 09 1 4 "'3 4 1 5 2 5 105 50 16 34 25 95 81 49 183 61 34 24 30 25 53 89 30 174 166 84 40 64 50 148 170 79 357 636-01 194-44 176-21 361-58 226-24 358-35 398-12 647-54 503*53
56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 Mandalay Maymyo Myitnge Kyaukse Meiktila / ... Myingyan Nyaung-U Yamethin Pyinmana ... Pyawbwe Sagaing Division. 134,950 16,586 5,682 7,353 8,830 25,457 8,118 9,291 17,656 5,783 16 "i 7 8 1 0'12 6;ii 0'27 099 0-06 13 8 *2 1 010 048 6*23 0-04 45 9 "'l 3 11 10 "l8 2 1,041 87 4 12 35 152 18 8 125 40 873 70 6 10 36 150 22 7 106 28 1,914 157 10 22 71 302 40 15 231 68 320 39 L9503 111-11 166-67 415-20 429*59 412-37 79-79 43178 320-75
66 -67 69 70 Shwebo Ye-u Sagaing Myinmu Monywa 11,286 3,739 14,127 5,072 10,800 1 1 3 1 1 0'0.9 0-27 0'2l 0*20 009 1 "2 0'27 0 19 "l 2 5 8 40 27 78 34 73 42 14 68 25 67 82 41 146 59 140 196'64 294*96 449-23 297*98 326'34
Total 1,387,428 219 016 198 0*14 456 7,558 6,274 13,832 297*70
1 2 3 4 5 6 Bhamo Myitkyina Mawlaik Lashio Taunggyi Kalaw 8,011 7,328 ~2,278 4,638 8,652 3,621 1 0V28 "3 2 0V65 0*23 "V 4 2 4 11 8 15 18 35 1 14 7 10 8 38 25 15 25 26 73 1 128*21 74*63 39063 123*22 12630 6*29


72
No.
. (1)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
VACCI
Statement No. I (a).'Showing particulars of Rural
Total number of persons
Divisions and Districts. Population of Districts according to Census of 1931. Average number of Vaccinators employed throughout the year. Male. Female,
(2) <3> (5) (6)
Arakan Division.
Akyab 597,242 11 j 1 23,038 18,413
Arakan Hill Tracts 21,418 3 1 2,978 1,497
Kyaukpyu 216,060 6 ! 5,921 5,020
Sandowa> 125,175 3 1 1 6,572 5,315
Pegu Division.
Pegu 460,395 : 8 ! 21,202 28,375
Tharrawaddy 454,471 ! io 21,640 22,814
Hanthawaddy *
Insein 279,595 5 ! 20,043 24,060
Prome 360,469 8 12,874 14,842
Tonngoo 391,922 11 23,754 23,376
irrawaddy DIVISION.
Bassein 514,135 12 45,304 46,261
Henzada 571,395 12 16,582 17,784
Myaungmya 419,905 12 16,376 17,021
Maubin 346,353 9 18,523 19,996
Pyapon 311,162 8 15,976 18,928
Tenasserim Division.
Salween 53,186 4 6,712 4,807
Thaton* 509,166
Amherst 444,152 8 20,668 22,099
Tavoy 150,946 5 10,435 11,235
Mergui * 141,582
' Annual Vaccination


73
NATION.
Vaccinations of Burma during the year 1947contd.
vaccinated. Average number of persons vaccinated by each Vaccinator. Primary vaccination*

Successful. No.
Total. Total. Under one year. One and under six years. Total of all ages. Unknown.
17) (8) (9> (10) (11) (12) (13) (1)
41,451 3,768 12,055 1,793 4,831 7,882 3,345 1
4,475 1,492 869 6 278 617 252 2
10,941 1,824 3,068 426 727 1,947 545 5
11,887 3,962 3,243 123 1,180 2,000 656 4
49,577 6,197 18,334 5,124 9,148 16,241 1,975 5
44,454 4,445 19,646 4,529 8,971 14,357 4,184 6 7
44,103 5,512 10,542 2,959 5,350 9,113 545 8
27,716 3,864 9,562 1,574 3,773 5,703 401 9
47,130 3,927 23,989 1,310 6,869 13,820 6,657 10
91,565 6,397 31,853 3,855 10,603 19,556 8,204 11
34,366 2,863 18,287 5,582 10,011 15,593 1,175 12
33,397 2,727 19,783 4,975 10,217 19,091 692 15
38,519 4,279 14,564 3,371 7,537 13,445 1,119 14
34,904 4,363 18,528 3,475 7,989 17,059 1,297 15
11,519 2,879 6,325 88 1,092 3,511 2,429 16 17
42,767 4,977 15,354 1,694 6,115 10,610 3,112 18
21,670 --- 4,334 6,072 1,752 2,289 4,04; 144 19 20
Report not reeived.


74
No.
(1)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
VACCI
Statement No. I (a).'Showing particulars of Rural
Re-vaccination, J Percentage oi in which the
Divisions and Districts,
Total. Successful. Unknown. Primary.
v2) (14) (15) (16^ '17)
Arakan Division. !
A kyab 29,396 1,001 10,551 | 90-49
A rakan Hill Tracts 3,606 984 763 lOO'OO
Kyankpyu 7,873 1.345 1,783 77-17
Sandoway 8,644 287 2,037 77*31
Pegu Division.
Pegu 31,243 2,635 6,813 99'28
Tharrawaddy 24,808 5,484 8,524 i 92-85
Hanthawaddy * i
Insein 33,561 7,207 1,769 1 91-16 1
Prome 18,154 2,596 1,742 1 62-25 !
Toungoo 23,141 1,338 9,758 79-74
IRRAWADDY DIVISION
Bassein 59,712 10,591 20,204 ; 82 69
Henzada 16,079 830 2,744 9112
M.yaungmya 13,614 2,726 1,573 100 00
Maubin 23,955 2,891 3,331 100*00
Pyapon 16,376 1,804 2,417 99*00
Tenasserim Division.
Sal ween 5,194 1,022 2,274. 9012
Thaton *
Amherst 27,413 2,784 6,8124 86'67
Tavoy 15,598 4,044 12,403 6817
Mergui * i
' Annual Vaccination


75
NATION.
Vaccinations of Burma during the year 1947contd.
successful cases results were known. Number of all
Re-vaccination. Persons success- fully vaccinated per 1,000 of population. Total cost of Vaccina- tion Department. successful vaccinations and re-vaccinations performed by the Vaccination Staff only. Average cost of each successful case performed by the Vaccination Staff. No.
(18) (19) (20) (21) (2i) (1)
Rs. A. p. Rs. A. P.
5'31 14-87 20,887 2 0 8,883 25 7 1
34'61 74*75 3,234 4 0 1,601 2
22 09 1524 4,171 14 0 3,292 1 4 0 3
4*34" 18-28 7,724 14 4 2,287 3 6 0 4
10'79 41*00 30,139 10 0 18,876 1 10 0 5
33-68 43-65 20,982 0 0 19,841 1 1 0 6 7
22'67 58-37 26,647 13 0 16,320 1 10 0 / 8
15*82 23'02 16,807 6 0 8,299 2 0 5 9
999 38-68 23,717 14 0 15,158 19 0 10
26-80 58-64 37,070 11 4 30,147 13 8 11
6-22 28*76 24,900 8 0 16,423 18 5 12
22*64 51-96 21,302 15 0 21,817 0 15 8 13
1402 47*17 23,805 13 4 16,336 17 4 14
1292 60'62 20,051 12 8 18,863 1 1 0 15
35-00 85*23 7,635 11 0 4,533 1 11 2 16
1352 3016 20,515 13 0 13,394 1 8 6 17 18
30-65 53'56 12,644 6 0 8,085 1 9 0 19
- 20
Repcrt not received
6


76
VAccr
Statement No. I (a).Showing particulars of Rural
Average number of Vaccinators employed throughout the year. Total number of persons.
No. Divisions and Districts. Population of Districts according to Census of 1931. Male. Female.
(1) (1) (3) (4) 15) (6)
M.agwe Division.
21 Thayetmyo 252,387 8 13,409 14,916.
22 Minbu *
23 Magwe 459,097 7 16,078 16,186
24 Pakokku 476,066 10 18,271 17,108.
25 Chin Hills Mandalay Division.
26 Mandalay 196,687 4 10,046 11,973>
27 Kyaukse 143,967 4 5,510 8,10(*
28 Meiktila 301,169 4 11,956 8,914
29 Myingyan *
30 Yamethin Sagaing Division. 358,090 6 16,434 18,682:
31 Bhamo 113,182 6 6,273 5,9 OS
32 Myitkyina 164,196 7 7,874 8,826.
33 Shwebo 431,765 10 16,025 18,317
34 Sagaing 316,766 6 14,833 16,244
35 Katha 254,170 7 10,738 10,914
36 Upper Chindwin ... 202,704 8 12,797 14,545-
37 Lower Chindwin 372,634 7 16,037 20,039
Total 9,760,861 229 464,879 492,512
Federated Shan States.
38 Northern Shan States *
39 Southern Shan States 916,718 21 40,726 38,725
Annual Vaccination;


77
NATION.
Vaccinations of Burma during the year 1947contd.
vaccinated. Average number of persons vaccinated by Primary vaccination.
Successful. No.
Total. each Vaccinator. Total. Under one year, One and under six years. Total of all ages. Unknown.
(7) (8) . (9) (10) (11) (12) (13> (1)
^8,325 5,607 5,854 1,107 2,112 3,309 1,447 21 22
32,264 4,609 9,847 2,307 2,908 5,322 1,227 23
35,379 3,538 17,063 3,329 5,222 10,174 4,328 24 25
22,019 5,505 5,858 1,085 1,387 2,910 2,712 26
13,610 3,402 3,482 831 1,427 2,258 903 27
20,870 5,218 6,572 861 1,762 3,066 1,948 28 27
35,116 6,113 11,193 1,176 1,871 3,329 2,371 30
12,178 2,029 3,789 516. 1,073 1,979 830 31
16,700 2,400 4,757 392 930 1,688 1,524 32
34,342 6,491 11,655 2,697 6,014 9,4>8 1,299 33
31,077 5,179 8,323 1,070 2,928 3,998 1,722 34
21,652 3,093 9,346 683 2,074 3,507 4,084 35
27,342 3,418 11,781 2,109 5,388 8,000 368 36
36,076 5,154 12,876 1,576 3,035 4,633 3,487 37
957,391 4,074 354,470 62,375 135,111 238,237 64,982
38
79,451 3,783 30,601 4,591 20,610 25,201 1 5,034 39
Report not reeived.


78
VACCI
Statement No. I (a).Showing particulars of Rural
Re-vaccination. Percentage of in which the
No. Divisions and Districts.
Total. Successful. Unknown. Primary.
(2) ^ (14) (15) (16) u7)
Magwe Division.
21 Thayetmyo 22,471 ' 3,572 8,950 "75*08
22 Minbu *
23 Magwe 22,417 1,900 4,959 6174
24 Pakkku 18,316 801 6,711 79'89V
25 Chin Hills Mandalay Division.
26 Manclalay 16,161 1,054 8,345 92'49
27 Kyaukse 10,128 874 3,430 87'55
28 Meiktila 14,298 785 4,840 66-31
29 Myingyan *
30 Yamethin Sagaing Division. 23,923 1,524 5,538 37-74
31 Bhamo 8,389 1,063 2,693 66*88
32 Myitkyina 11,943 1,117 4,620 52*24
33 Shwebo 22,687 5,316 5,088 91-52
34 Sagaing 22,754 1,657 3,774 60*57
35 Katha 12,306 1,257 6,426 66*65
36 Upper Chindwin 15,561 2,717 794 70*10
37 Lower Chindwin ... 23,200 1,031 7,562 49*34
Total 602,921 74,237 159,240 82'24
Federated Shan States.
38 Northern Shan States
39 Southern Shan States 48,850 7,903 20,342 98*14
Annual Vaccination


79
NATION.
Vaccinations of Burma during the year 1947contd.
successful cases results were known. Number of all successful vaccinations and re-vaccinations performed by the Vaccination Staff only.
R-vnccination. Persons success- fully vaccinated per 1,000 of population. Total cost of Vaccina- tion Department. Average cost of each successful case performed by the Vaccination Staff. No.
(18) (19) (20) (21) (22) (1)
Rs. A. p. Rs. A. p
26*41 2726 18,671 11 0 6,881 3 1 3 21 22
10-88 1573 16,668 8 0 7,222 2 4 11 23
6'90 23 05 21,048 2 4 10,975 24 25
13-49 20-11 10,977 13 0 3,964 2 12 4 26
1305 2175 10,618 '2 0 3,132 3 4 8 27
8*29 12'78 11,318 3 0 3,851 1 13 0 28 29
829 13*41 13,510 3 0 4,853 2 10 3 SO
18-66 2687 14,642 2 8 3,042 4 13 0 31
15-25 22'25 18,393 3 / 0 2,805 6 9 0 32
30-20 55-49 26,832 15 0 14,794 1 13 0 33
873 1785 12,113 14 0 5,655 2 2. i 0 j 34
21-38 1874 17,788 7 0 4,764 3 11 8 35
18*40 52*87 14,069 12 0 10,717 1 5 0 36
659 15-19 12,007 10 0 5,664 2 1 11 37
1673 32*01 5,42,901 1 8 312,174 1 11 9
38
27*72 3611 29,014 14 0 , 33,104 0 14 0 39
Report not reeived.
%


80
*VACCI
Statement No. I (b).Showing particulars of Urban Vaccinations
towns 1931. o| o
s ^ c £ 7,
No. Division* and Towns. o v U 11 Total number of persons
o tic §I.
s fl Si -5 So u w Js h o *
cu ci
(i) II) (3> (4> (5) _____(6)__
Male. Female.
Arakan Divisjon.
1 Akyab 38,094 2 8,754 1,586
2 Kyaukpyu 4,232 1 514 341
3 Sandoway 4,070 1 559 420
Pegu Division.
4 Rangoon ... 398,967 23 149,100 87,037
5 Pegu '21,626 1 2,570 2,396
6 Nyaunglebin * 855
7 Tharrawaddy 7,131 1 801
8 Thonze 7,962 1 775 699
9 Zigon. 6,365 1 909 936
10 Letpadan 12,160 1 985 1,200
11 Gyobingauk 7,675 1 835 752
12 Minhla 4,413 1 .904- 776
13 Nattalin 5,633 1 1,034 696
14 Syriam 15,070 1 6,938 3,878
15 Th6ngwa 8,976 1 1,519 1,533
16 Insein .20,487 1 2,012 1,468
17 Thamaing 5,645 1 if 1,508 1,184
18 Kamayut 7,256 J 1 1 2,251 1,621
19 Thingangyun x 7,984 1 1 i 2,019 1,415
20 Kanbe 6,575 \ M 1,881 2,242
21 Prom ...
22 Shwedaung *
23 Paungde 1*3,479 i 807 646
24 Toungoo 23,223 i 2,153 718
25 Shwegyin 5,876 i 739 456
26 Pyu 7,807 i 758 646
irrawaddy division,
27 Bassein 45,662 2 2,199 2,447
28 Ngatbainggyaung 5,380 1 1,021 1,137
29 Kyonpyaw * ...
9 Annual Vacci nation


81
NATION.
(excluding Jails and Ports) of Burma during the year 1947.
8* o.s Go ~ a> u rt Primary Vac^atlon.
vaccinated. l£ rt .5 o 4 18V~ Successful. No.
17) Total. Under one year. (10) One and under six year9. (11) Total of all ages. (12) )
Total.
10,340 855 979 5,170 855 979 885 245 197 170 27 42 154 68 84 393 12 7 134 1 2 3
236,137 4,966 10,051 4,966 24,262 851 9,432 255 \ -6,037 339 15,891 694 4 5
"" 1,656 1,474 1,845 2,185 1,587 1,680 1,730 10,816 3,050 3,480 2,692 3,872 3,434 4,123 "l,453 2,871 1,195 1,404 1,656 1,474 1,845 2,185 1,587 1,680 1,730 3,605 3,050 3,480 2,692 3,872 3,434 4,123 "1,453 2,871 1,195 1,404 "" 399 431 5Q2 827 215 23 7 275 550 255 723 147 335 212 261 618 599 169 539 80 111 196 235 61 159 123 276 84 300 61 141 131 104 381 167 101 40 298 315 84 543 97 78 152 168 97 376 74 152 63 89 230 252 36 179 399 426 280 778 158 237 275 490 189 676 135 297 194 188 "" 611 503 137 251 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26
4,646 2,158 2,321 2,158 2,068 745 1,649 244 345 443 2,001 695 27 28 29
Report not received.


82
*VACCI
Statement No. I (b).Showing particulars of Urban Vaccinations
Primary Re-vaccination. -
Vaccination
No. Divisions and Towns.
Unknown. Total. Successful. Unknown.
(i) (2) U3) (14) 115) (16)
Arakan Divisionconcld.
1 \ Akyab 168 9,455 286 5,241
2 Kyaukpyu 20 610 34 104
3 Sandoway 17 782 20 34
Pegu Divisionconcld.
4 Rangoon 6,813 211,875 17,170 103,484
5 Pegu 157 4,115 223 2,993
6 Nyaunglebin *
7 Tharrawaddy 1,257 258 36
8 Thnze 5 1,043 345 130
9 Zigon 93 1,343 354 265
10 Letpadan 49 1,358 412 396
11 Gyobingauk 3 1,372 72 2
12 Minhla 1,443 372 100
13 Nattalin 1,455 393 4
14 Syriam 29 10,266 424 3,303
15 Thongwa 55 3,765 483 794
16 Insein 36 2,757 543 1,041
17 Thamaing 7 2,545 282 330
18 Kamayut 19 3,537 306 549
19 Thingangyun 17 3,222 249 46
20 Kanbe 19 3,862 260 60
21 Prome *
22 Shwedaung '
23 Paungde 7 835 235 84
24 Toungoo 51 2,272 53 42
25 Shwegyin 1 1,026 1 46
26 Tyu 30 865 96 111
irrawaddy divisionCOfltd.
27 Bastein 34 2,578 369 10
28 Ngathainggyaung 23 1,413 348 372
29 Kyonpy'aw *
9 Annual Vacci nation


nation.
(excluding Jails and Ports) of Burma during the vear 1947contd.
Percentage ot s in \vh ich the knc Primary. (17) uccesstul cases results were wn. Re-vaccination. (18) Persons success1 fully vaccinated per 1,000 of population. (19) Total cost of Vaccination Department. (20) Number of all successful vaccinations and re-vaccinations performed by the Vaccination Staff only. (21) Average cost of each successful case performed by the Vaccina- tion Staff. (22) No. (1)
Rs. a. p. R. a. P.
54*81 678 17*82 3,489 2 4 679 5 2 2 1
56*44 6*27 3804 2,449 4 0 72.8 3 8 0 2
74*44 309 37-84 2,079 7 0 154 10 6 0 3
91-07 15*84 82 86 1.02.422 15 0 0 6 11 4
lOO'OO 542 4240 917 5
"lOOOO "21-13 "92*13 657 6 7
100-00 37 78 96*83 771 8
68*45 32-84 99*61 1,957 0 8 634 3 1 5 9
lOO'OO 4282 97*86 998 0 0 3,190 0 13 5 10
74*52 525 2997 1,273 10 0 230 5 8 7 11
10000 27'70 13800 1,440 4 0 609 2 5 10 12
100 00 27 05 118*59 2,467 6 0 668 3 11 1 13
9404 6'86 60*65 3,096 0 0 899 1 10 0 14
82-17 18*78 74-85 2,111 1 0 672 3-2 3 15
93*39 31 14 59*50 3,024 5 0 2,296 1 5 0 16
96-43 1273 73-87 1,480 10 0 417 3 9 0 17
93 98 1024 8310 2,042 13 0 603 3 6 0 18
9949 8*09 55-48 1,741 1 0 443 3 14 11 19
77*68" 7*02 68*13 1,741 1 0 448 3 11 11 20
... 21
22
10000 "36*09 "6276 1,416" 8 0 "' 846 i'io 9 23
91-79 2*37 2394 1,321 5 0 556 2 6 0 24
8T55 011 2348 364 8 0 138 2 10 2 25
49-31 1293 44*44 1,079 5 0 347 3 1 0 26
9S-37 15'32 590 r4,769 15 6 2,370 2 0 2 27
96*26 31'60 193*86 1,342 12 0 1,043 1 4 6 28
... ... 29
Report not received.


84
*VACCI
Statement No. I (b).Showing particulars of Urban Vaccinations
Divisions and Towns.
(2)
irrawaddy divisionCOIlCld.
Henzada
Myanaung ...
K van gin *
Myaungmya
Wakema
Moulmeingyun
Mau bin
Yandoon
Danubyu
Pyapon
Kyaiklat
Tenasserim Division.
Thaton
Kyaikto *
Moulmein
Kawkareik *
Tavoy
Mergui
Magwe Division.
Thayetmyo
Allanmyo
Minbu
Salin
Magwe *
Taungdwingyi
Yenangyaung
Chauk
Pakokku

& 3
(3)
28,542
9,072
7,933
9,359
7,747
8,897
9,925
6,334
12,338
10,658
16,851
65,506
29,018
20,405
9,279
12,511
6,005
6,654
"8,339
11,098
12,830
23,115
'8f
n 2
> a
.o -o
Bt
3 O
c a
E is
(4)
Total number of persons
Male.
3,878
1,476
1,549
890
1,620
1,745
1,420
1,671
1,140
3,390
2,331
"5,359
4,631
1,611
1,696
2,746
514
897
" 954
2,165
1,508
803
9 Annual Vacci nation


85
NATION.
(excluding Jails and Ports) of Burma during the year 1947contd.
Is o
a Primary Vaccination.
** -u rt
vaccinated. 1* Successful. No.
e *o
(/) 1 ih (8) Total. v (9) Under one year. <10> One and under six years. (11) Total of all ages. (12) (1)
_
Total.
6,342 3,005 **3,400 2,268 3,331 2,915 2,410 3,259 2,278 6,900 3,171 3,005 "l,700 2,268 3,331 2,915 2,410 3,259 2,278 6,900 1,140 390 "l,113 460 1,268 524 229 370 996 1,714 587 190 "' 440 66 125 427 189 198 404 341 488 200 '" 563 369 784 97 27 159 329 119 1,095 390 1,025 435 1,099 524 216 357 816 1,592 30 1 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
3,861 11,299 "9,090 2,478 3,861 '3,766 '4,545 1,880 1,194 "l,751 "2,588 1,002 635 "l,077 "i,127 352 115 "'547 "' 580 257 770 1,69? 1,707 738 41 42 43 44 45 46
3,315 4,929 1,096 2,100 3,315 4,929 1,096 2,100 556 1,248 542 367 95 453 224 212 300 431 245 142 395 901 469 358 47 48 49 50
* 1,677 3.931 2.932 1,566 1,677 3.931 2.932 1,566 443 577 640 605 118 243 121 143 "" 118 277 307 280 236 520 428 482 ol 52 53 54 55
-Report not recrired.


86
*VACCI
Statement No. I (b).Showing particulars of Urban Vaccinations
No. (1) Divisions and Towns. (2> Primary Vaccination. Re-vaccination.
Unknown. (13) Total. (14) Successful. (15) Unknown. (16;
Irrawaddy Division concld.
30 Henzada 45 5,202 102 914
31 Myanaung 2,615 324
32 Kyangin * aM ... ...
33 Myaungmya 88 2,287 328 631
34 Wakema 25 1,808 341 99
35 Moulmeingyuii ... 124 2,063 432 750
36 Maubin ... 2,391 36
37 Yandoon 13 2,181 "" 516
38 Danubyu 13 2,889 "" 112 239
39 Pyapon 111 1,282 75 420
40 Kyaiklat 122 5,186 33 547
Tenassbrim Divisionconcld.
41 Thaton 263 2,667 115 1,911
42 Kvaikto *
43 Moulmein 10 9^548 2,337 "" 716
44 Kawkareik *
45 Tavoy 91 6^502 "l,182 1,194
46 Mergui 44 1,476 222 210
Maowe Divisionconcld.
47 Thayetmyo 22 2,759 876 833
48 Allanmyo 63 3,681 121 566
49 Minbu 11 554 179 62
50 Salin 9 1,733 391 160
51 Magwc * ... ...
52 Taungdwingyi "l,234 113 26
53 Yenangyaung "" 32 3,354 438 109
54 Chauk 212 2,292 25 37
55 Pakkku 45 961 55
9 Annual Vacci nation


87
NATION.
{excluding J ails and Ports) of Burma during the year 1947contd.
Percentage of 9 in which the kno Primary. U7) uccessful cases results were wn. Revaccination. (18) Persons success- fully vaccinated per 1,000 of population. 119) Total cost of Vaccination Department. (20) Number of all successful vaccinations and re-vaccinations performed by the Vaccination Staff only. (21) Average cost of each successful case performed by the Vaccina- tion Staff. (22) No. (1)
Rs. A. p. Rs. A. p.
10000 2'37 4193 2,637 13 "0 1,197 2 3 11 30
10000 12*39 78*70 1,964 4 0 714 2 12 0 31
... ... 32
10000 "l9*96 170-55 1388 6 0 1,353 1 "0 5 33
100*00 18*86 82*91 1,523 12 0 776 1 15 5 34
9607 32*90 197*62 2,380 7 0 1,531 1 8 11 35
lOO'OO 1-51 62-94 1,634 10 0 560 2 14 7 36
100*00 21*76 2,570 12 0 216 11 14 5 37
10000 "' 4 30 7404 2,847 13 4 460 6 1 1 38
92*20 8*70 72-24 1500 0 0 891 1 10 11 39
100*00 071 152-46 3,374 7 0 1,625 2 5 2 40
8271 15-21 52 52 2,489 12 0 885 2 13 0 41
... 42
"97-35 "26-46 61*46 4,676 "3 0 "4,032 l' "2 7 43
44
"'68-36 "22*27 "99*56 5,910* "5 0 "2,889 2 0 9 45
78-68 17*54 4704 2,444 10 8 974 2 8 ' 2 46
73-97 36*10 13*69 3,628 2 0 1,884 1 14 9 47
76*03 3*86 81*69 3,916 15 0 1,022 3 13 4 48
88*32 36*38 107*91 2,565 12 0 648 3 15 0 49
100*00 24*85 112*56 1,678 12 0 749 2 3 0 50
... ... 51
"53*27 ""9-35 41*85 2,438 10 0 349 5 11 0 52
95*41 16*56 10*64 4,489 12 0 958 0 13 0 53
100*00 1*10 29*90 2,438 2 8 5 9 8 54
86*07 6*30 20*85 2,697 4 4 537 5 0 4 55
Report not received.


88
VACCI
Statement No. I (6).Showing particulars of Urban Vaccinations:
No. (1) Divisions and Towns.- U) ^ Population of towns £ according to Census of 1931. ^ Average number of vaccina- tors employed throughout the year. Total number of persons; (5) (6)
Mandalay Division. Male. Female.
56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 Mandalay Maymyo Myitnge Kyaukse Meiktila Myingyan Nyaung-U Yamethin. Pyinmana Pyawbwe Sagainq Division. 134,950 16,586 "7,353 8,830 25,457 8,118 9,291 17,656 8 1 i 1 1 1 1 l 26,215 2,606 "l,342 585 930 119 1,426 2,095 24,030 1,624 "l,168 305 673 162 1,348 1,350;
66 67 68 69 70 71 72. 73 Shvv.ebo Ye-U Sagging Myinmu Mnywa Bhamo Myitkyina Mawlaik * "3,739 14,127 5,072 10,800 8,011 1 "i 1 1 "' 624 750 527 1,459 744 678-- 531 490 902 419
Total 1,294,154 93 276,961 191,151
Federated Shan States.
Lashi o Faunggyi Kalaw * 4,638 1 1,541 1,214
Total 1 1,541 1,214
M Annual Vaccination.


89>
NATION.
{excluding Jails and Ports) of Burma during the year 1947contd.
VI I a o S "u
2 Primary Vaccination.
'S t. rt
vaccinated. u ^ I- ct3 Successful. No.
si <23 Total. Under one year. One and under six years. Total of all ages.
(7J (8) <9) (10) (11) (12) ll)
Total
50,245 4,230 6,280 4,230 10,403 7 23 5,192 325' 4,520 148 9,807 473 56 57 58 59 60 > 61 62 63 64 65
"2,510 890 1,603 281 2,774 3,445 '"2,510 890 1,603 281 2,774 3,445 '"294 201 437 619 674 *"l78 56 190 *" 77 181 "" 64 66 92 "226 222 "266 193 290 1 415 407
" 1,302 1,281 1,017- 2,361 1,163 1,302 1,281 1,017 2,361 1,163 " 308 259 226 393 401 "'240 46 35 84 94 57 90 125 149 104 '"306 136 162 233 207 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73-
468,112 165,808 71,233 29,035 23,351 55,303 4
2,755 2,755 263 103 103 239
2,755 2,755, 263 103 103 239
Report not received.


90
*VACCI
Statement No. I (b).Showing particulars of Urban Vaccinations
Primary
Vaccination. Re-vaccination.
No. Divisions and Towns.
Unknown. Total. Successful. Unknown.
(1) (2) (13) (14) (15) 116)
Mandalay Divisionconcld.
56 Mandalay 175 39,842 4,474 4,416
57 Maymyo 165 3,507 11 1,433
58 Myitnge *
59 Kyaukse 28 2,216 ""338 *403
60 Meiktila 8 689 28 271
61 Myingyan 72 1,166 8 351
62 Nyaung-U ... 280 10 75
63 Yamethin 88 2,155 423 326
64 Pyinmana 29 2,771 86 210
65 Pyawbwe *
Sagaing Divisionconcld.
66 Shwebo *
67 Ye-U 2 '"994 "'274 "" 87
68 Sagaing 12 1,022 43 176
69 Myinmu 64 791 99 232
70 Monywa 50 1,968 62 417
71 Bhamo 26 762 52 152
72 Myitkyina *
73 Mawlaik * ... ...
% Total 9,715 396,879 37,333 140,305
Federated Shan States
concld.
Lashio 2,492 885 212
... Taunggyi * ...
... Kalaw * ... ... ...
Total 2,492 885 212
9 Annual Vacci nation


91
NATION.
{excluding Jails and Ports) of Burma during the year 1947concld.
Percentage of successful cases
in which the results were
known. Number of
all successful
Persons success- Total cost of vaccinations Average cost of
fully vaccinated and each successful No
per 1,000 of Vaccination re-vaccinations ease performed
population. Department. performed by by the Vaccina
Re-vaccination. the Vaccination lion Staff.
Primary. Staff only. i
(17) (18) (lW (20) (21) (22) (1)
Rs. A. p. Rs. a. P.
95'88 12-59 96-54 23,512 8 7 14,281 1 10 4 56
84*76 0*50 19*83 6,182 1 0 484 12 12 4 57 58
10000 15*30 81*60 2,139 0 0 "604 2 14 0 59
97-47 2-85 20*99 3,266 0 0 228 7 10 7 60
79*45 1'30 11*70 2,364 9 8 298 7 15 0 61
100*00 3*57 1*36 " 30 0 0 11 2 114 62
7815 31*82 90*19 1,092 15 0 838 1 4 7 63
6310 3*36 27*92 1,354 8 0 493 2 12 0 64 65
66
lOO'OO 30*21 143*35 614 0 0 " 580 1 "o 11 67
55-06 508 12*64 1,976 13 0 179 11 0 0 68
10000 19-66 52*00 1,073 0 0 261 0 11 0 69
6793 31-99 27 31 2,326 1 4 295 7 14 2 70
55'20 8'52 32*33 2,341 12 0 259 9 0 8 71 7?
73
8985 14-55 72-02 2.53,578 3 1 61,385 209 15 5
90*87 38'90 187*33 2,072 13 0 1,124 1 13 6
9087 38" 81 187*33 1 2,072 3 0 1,124 1 13 6
Report not received
7


92
VACCINATION.
Appendix A.Statement showing the number of vaccinations performed in
Municipal Towns and Notified Areas {to which the Vaccination Act has
been extended) on children under one year of age.
Towns. Number of births during the year. i Number of deaths among children under one year during the year. Number of successful operations on children under one year during the year. Date of extension of Vaccination Act of 1880. Date of extension of Vaccination Law Amendment Act of 1909.
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
Akyab Minbya 334 14 170 August 1883 ... 4th March 1930... 29th March 1910. 9th Sept. 1931.
Kyaukpyu Sandoway 185 136 33 15 27 42 April 1894 September 1890 29th March 1910. Do.
Rangoon Pegu 13,950 711 4,379 195 9,432 255 April 1884 March 1893 1st May 1909. 29th March 1910.
Nyaunglebin Tharrawaddy 309 224 70 34 80 29th March 1910 October 1897 ... Do. 23rd July 1929.
Thonze Zigon 295 232 46 57 111 196 Do. 11th May 1914 ... 29th March 1910. 9th Sept. 1915.
Letpadan Gyobingauk 283 222 73 69 235 61 January 1897 ... February 1897 .. 29th March 1910. Do.
Minhla Nattalin 163 146 19 13 159 123 11th May 1914 ... Do. 9th Sept. 1915. Do.
Syriam Thngwa 727 230 120 38 276 84 29th January 1913 3rd March 1914 29th January 1913. 3rd March 1914.
Insein Thamaing 624 177 174 81 300 61 14th March 1912 26th May 1926 ... 14th March 1912 26th May 1926.
Thingangyun Kanbe 256 295 135 89 131 104 Do. Do. Do. Do.
Kamayut Prome 355 451 186 94 141 Do. June 1890 Do. 29th March 1910.
Shwedaung Paungde Bassein Ngathainggyaung ... 156 251 1,948 254 28 47 625 60 381 1,649 244 10th Sept. 1917 August 1890 ... September 1888 February 1890 ... 23rd July 1929. 29th March 1910. Do. Do.
Kyonpyaw Henzada Myanaung Kyangin 239 931 230 127 56 394 32 24 587 190 26th Dec. 1923 ... January 1889 ... July 1889 August 1894 23rd July 1929. 29th March 1910. Do. Do.
Myaungmya Wakema Moulmeingyun Maubin 460 235 335 431 138 121 159 113 440 66 125 427 June 1894 27th April 1907... 20th July 1925 ... October 1891 ... Do. Do. 20th July 1925. 29th March 1910.
* Includes Cantonment.


93
VACCINATION.
Appendix A.Statement showing the number of vaccinations performed in
Municipal Towns and Notified Areas (to which the Vaccination Act has
been extended) on children under one year of ageconcld.
1 Towns. ¥ Number of births during the Number of deaths among children under Number of successful operations on children under one Date of extension of Vaccination Act of 1880. Date of extension of Vaccination Law Amendment Act of
year. one year during the year. year during the year. 1909.
fl) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
Yandoon 261 94 189 January 1892 ... 29th March 1910.
Danubyu 304 84 198 9th July 1909 ... 23rd July 1929.
Pyapon 421 51 404 November 1904 29th March 1910.
Kyaiklat 396 149 341 15th Dec. 1904 ... Do.
Thaton 824 166 635 October 1891 ... Do.
Kyaikto 193 55 March 1897 Do.
Moulmein 1,950 488 1,077 August 1885 ... Do.
Kawkareik 335 . 70 ... September 1914 17th Sept. 1914.
Tavoy 715 31 1,127 December 1889 29th March 1910.
Mergui 621 313 352 October 1891 ... Do.
Tongoo 544 60 167 May 1889 Do.
Shwegyin 158 17 101 January 1890 ... Do.
Pyu 435 67 40 January 1920 ... 17th January 1920
Thayeimyo 261 166 95 May 1889 29th March 1910.
AJlanmyo 432 84 453 May 1901- Do.
Minbu 22 7 40 224 Mareh 1896 Do.
Salin 177 64 212 Do. Do.
Magwe 221 50 10th March 1913 10th March 1913.
Taungdwingyi 413 148 118 February 1893 ... 29th March 1910.
Yenangyaung 427 170 243 10th March 1913 10th March 1913.
Chauk 122 79 121 20th May 1929 ... 23rd July 1929.
Pakokku 709 357 143 April 1892 29th March 1910.
Mandalay* 5,974 1,914 5,192 August 1891 ... Do.
Maymyo * 805 157 325 October 1912 ... 22nd October 1912.
Myitnge 90 10 4th June 1930 ... 4th June 1930.
Kyaukse 132 22 178 May 1894 29th March 1910.
Meiktila 171 71 56 June 1906 31st July 1922.
Myingyan 703 302 190 September 1891 ,29th March 1910.
Nyaung-u 97 40 30th August 1921 30th August 1921.
Yamethin 188 15 "77 February 1892 ... 29th March 1910.
Pyinmana 535 231 181 November 1891... Do.
Pyawbwe 212 68 May 1912 23rd July 1929.
Bhamo 195 25 "94 26th October 1894 29th March 1910.
Myitkyina 201 15 6th May 1929 ... 23rd July 1929.
Shwebo 417 82 June 1894 29th March 1910.
Ye-u 139 41 240 2nd April 1929 ... 23rd July 1929.
Sagaing 325 146 46 April 1894 29th March 1910.
Myinmu 198 59 35 5th October 1926 5th October 1926.
Mawlaik 64 25 31st Dec. 1930 31st Dec. 1930.
Monywa 429 140 "84 March 1893 29th March 1910.
Total 46,923 13,897 29,035
Lashio 211 26 103 25th July 1927 ... 25th July 1927.
Kalaw 159 1 Do. Do.
Taunggyi 578 73 Do. Do.
Total 948 100 103
* Includes Cantonments,
0


94
Statement A.Showing total income from all sources and expenditure
Water
Serial No. Name of Divisions. Total receipts including opening balance. Total expenditure on Public Health purposes. Capital Outlay.
(1) (2) (3) . 14) \*>)
Rs. A. p. Rs. A. p. Rs. A. P.
Towns in
1 Arakan Division 1,66,814 14 2 2,15,296 3 3
2 Pegu Division ... 2,09,83,608 13 11 83,93,112 5 6 18,221 8 0
3 Irrawaddy Division 18,52,487 9 8 9,08,177 9 9
4 Tenasserim Division 13,05,239 0 0 ' 8,11,266 14 9
5 Magwe Division 9,59,762 12 0 3,80,676 8 6
6 Mandalay Division 13,72,032 5 9 9,25,999 10 0
7 Sagaing Di\ision 13,55,972 1 0 2,41,1 §3 5 6
Total 2,79,95,917 8 6' 1,18,75,712 9 3 18,221 8 0
Districts in
8. Arakan Division 78,849 14 0
9 Pegu Division ... 6,90,989 15 0 3,49,486 2 0
10 Irrawaddy Division 9,67,717 0 4 2,91,576 10 0
11 Tenasserim Division 4,51,273 0 0 76,958 1 0
12 Magwe Division 4,77,263 15 0 1,92,321 1 0
13 Mandalay Division 5,24,139 10 6 1,73,415 14 0
14 Sagaing Di\ision 5,71,502 0 0 2,41,637 3 6
Total 36,82,885 8 10 14,04,244 13 6
Grand Total, Burma 3,16,78,803 I 4 1,32,79,957 6 9 18,221 8 0
Federated Shan States
1 Towns 5,25,423 10 0 2.30,225 12 0
2 Rural Areas 1,05,668 1 0
Total 5,25,423 10 0 3,35,893 13 0


9$
on Public Health purposes during the financial year 1946-47.
Supply. N Drainage.
Establishment repairs, etc. Capital Outlay. Establishment repairs, etc. Conservancy (including load cleaning and watering) and latrines. Serial No.
(6) (7) (8) (9) (1)
Rs, A. p. Rs. A. p. Rs. A p. Rs. A. p.
55,766 12 0 5,250 9 0 89,448 8 9 1
15,43,321 3 3 4,921 15 0 4,88,450 12 3 40,17,526 1 2 2
6,677 6 0 993 12 0 22,227 15 0 5,54,514 13 0 3
227 9 0 1,222 15 0 3,00,923 8 9 4
98,194 12 9 15,434 1 0 1,47,360 15 0 5
8,958 2 6 57,919 8 0 4,14,401 1 0 6
345 12 0 1,851 2 0 1,50,032 10 6 7
17,13,541 9 6 5,915 11 0 5,92,356 14 3 56,74,207 10 2
23,167 1 0 8
1,03,158 14 0 9
350 0 0 78,089 13 7,892 5 0 0 10 11
330 0 0 75,001 6 79,812 7 0 3 12 13
3,747 11 0 74,759 0 6 14
4,427 11 0 4,41,880 14 '9
17,17,969 4 5,915 11 0 5,92,356 14 3 41,16,088 8 ii;
48,795 10 0 10,901 10 6 83,266 14 6 1 2
48,795 10 0 10,901 10 6 83,266 14 6


96
Statement A.'Showing total income from all sources and expenditure
Serial No. Name of Divisions. Epidemic charges (including plague). Vaccination. Registration of Births and Deaths.
(1) & (10) (11) (12)
Rs. A. : p. Rs. A. p. Rs. A. P.
Towns in
1 Arakan Division 316 3 0 5,863 7 0 2,526 15 6
2 Pegu Division ... 1,15,423 9 9 1,69,791 15 6 1,05,463 8 0
3 Irrawaddy Division 33,335 10 0 39,032 2 0 14,630 8 0
4 Tenasserim Division 2,336 11 0 8,426 3 0 3,926 14 0
5 Magwe Division 4,975 0 0 9,378 14 0 2,175 14 0
6 Mandalay Division 43,823 13 6 18,860 8 0 7,934 5 0
7 Sagaing Division 4,152 10 0 6,108 9 0 577 4 0
Total 2,04,363 9 3 2,57,464 10 6 1,37,235 4 6
Districts in~
8 Arakan Division 22,742 13 0
9 Pegu Division ... 1,830 10 0 63,969 5 0
10 Irrawaddy Division 1,321 14 0 60,877 7 0
11 Tenasserim Division 976 7 0 53,085 13 0
12 Magwe Division 4,246 2 0 60,085 14 0
13 Mandalay Division 1,401 7 0 51,692 13 0
14 Sagaing Division 6,978 6 0 80,103 5 0
Total 14,924 4 0 3,92,557 6 0
Grand Total, Burma 2,19,287 13 3 6,50,022 0 6 1,37,235 4 6
Federated Shan States-
1 Towns 5,924 1 0 4,075 10 0 391 12 0
2 Rural Areas 15,083 4 0 44,802 12 0 ...
Total 21,007 5 0 48,878 6 0 391 12 0


97
on Public Health purposes during the financial year 1946-47concld.
Markets and slaughter-houses. Charges on account of Health Officers and Public Health Inspectors. Other Sanitary requirements. Remarks. Serial No.
(13) (14) (15) (16) (1)
Rs. A. p. Rs. A. p. Rs. A. p.
33,678 8 0 16,461 9 0 6,005 11 0 1
7,91,498 6 9 7,13,797 5 0 5,05,290 14 0 2
2,18,596 2 3 53,039 11 0 11,145 6 0 3
38,323 0 0 53,258 9 0 15,591 15 0 4
61,934 4 0 22,264 8 0 24,769 4 0 5
2,25,180 9 6 98,759 0 0 46,716 1 6 6
26,766 5 0 41,283 15 0 9,965 2 0 7
13,95,977 3 6 9,98,864 9 0 6,19,484 5 6
32,940 0 0 8
79,817 13 0 63,378 7 0 1,570 3 0 9
31,301 8 6 87,758 6 0 6,747 7 0 10
28,321 0 0 13,817 10 0 8,525 1 6 11
43,428 2 0 9,764 1 0 13,665 10 0 12
25,772 0 0 20,554 2 0 4,530 2 0 13
42,359 3 0 44,173 6 0 938 14 0 14
2,50,999 10 6 2,72,386 0 0 35,977 5 6
16,46,976 14 0 12,71,250 9 0 6,55,461 11 0
41,277 8 0 14,744 8 0 54,568 5 0 1
... 38,242 13 0 72,683 0 0 2
41,277 8 0 52,987 5 0 1,27,251 5 0


Full Text

PAGE 1

LIST OF AGENTS FOR THE SALE OF GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS. IN BURMA. CITY BOOK CLUB, 98. Phayre Street, Rangoon, CONTINENTAL TRADIMG co.. Moulmein, MAUNG Lu GALE, Govt. Law Book Ai;(ent, 84th Street. Mandalay. MESSRS. K. BIN HOON & SONS, Nyaunglebin. NEW LIGHT OJ' BURMA PRESS, Rangoon, PROPRIETOR. THU DRAMA WADI PRBSS, Rangoon. PROPRIETOR, BURIIIA NEWS AGENCY, 135, Fraser Street. Rangoon. BURMA BOOK COMPA~Y, 62, Barr Street, Ranl(oon, BURIIIA EDUCATIONAL BOOK SHOP. 551 Merchant Street, Rangoon. IN INDIA. MESSRS. HJGGINBOTBAlf, Madras, MESSRS. THACKER SPIMK & Co. (1933), LTD,, Calcutta. IN EUROPE.

PAGE 2

REPORT ON THE State of Public Health in Burma During 1947. RANGOON SUPDT. GOVT. PRINTING AND STATIONERY, BURMA 1950

PAGE 3

RESOLUTION ON THE Annual Report on the State of Public Health in Burma For the Year 1947. [Extract from the Proceedings of the Government of the Union of Burma, Ministry of Health,-No. 27SD(X)49, dated the 30th September 1949.] READThe Annual Report on the State of Public Health in Burma for the year 1947. RESOLVED THAT~ The Report be published. By order, BA NYUN, De;uty Secy. to the Govt. of the Union of Burma, Mini$/ry of Health

PAGE 4

TABLE OF CONTENTS. [REPORT ON THE STATE OP PUBLIC HEALTH IN BURMA DURINO 1947.] CHAPTER I. INTIWDUCTION. Rainfall Economic Conditions CHAPTER II COMMENTARY ON VITAL STATISTICS. Population Registration and Transmission Birth Rate (Urban) Death Rate (Urban) Cholera Small-pox Plague CHAPTER Ill. PRINCIPAL EPIDEMIC DISEASES. Measures directed against Epidemic Diseases CHAPTER IV. THE PRINCIPAL DISEASES, NoN-EPIDl!MIC IN BURIU Malaria Malaria Control Unit, Leprosy Leprosy Clinic Van Fevers Enteric Fever Dysentery and Diarrhrea Respiratory Diaeaaes Tuberculosis Berl-beri cerebrospinal Meningitis Urban SanitationGeneral Water Supplies Coneervancy Market, CHAPTER V. URBAN AND RURAL S.._NIT ... TIO!f. P ... &E 1 1 2 .2 2 3 4 4 4 5 5 7 8 8 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 10 10 11 11

PAGE 5

ii Maternal Mortality Rate Still-birth Rate Infant Mortality Rate Maternity Work Child Welfare Work HYi:lene Publicity TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER VI. MATERNITY AND CHILD WELFARE. CHAPTER VII. PUBLIC HEALTH PROPAGANDA Burma Red Cross Society and Health Propaganda CHAPTER VIII, PERSONN:IL EMPLOYED ON PUBLIC HE: LTH WORK. District Staff Headquarters Staff PAGE 11 12 12 12 12 15 16 16 17

PAGE 6

REPORT ON THE State qf Public Health in Burma During the year 1947. CHAPTER I. Introduction. [ On account of the fact that the collection of Vital Statistics in rural areas could not yet be reintroduced for want of requisite forms and rcgisten, figures in re,pect of towns i n Burma only have been dealt with in thia report. Calculation have al10 been based on the population figures of the 1931 census. ] Rainfall.-A short account of the rainfall in Burma during the wet period M3y to October 1947, receiTed from the Director, Meteoro logical Department is furnished below :-The total rainfall of the month of May was in moderate defect in the divisions. Some of the noteworthly falls of heavy rain recorded during the month were :-3'0" at Tavoy on the 12th, 3" at Yandoon on the 19th, 3'5" a:t Kyauktan and 3" at Minbu on the 23rd, 2 6" at Sherbangon on the 29th, 4 4" at Wetlet and 2" at Shanmange on the 30th and 311 at Thayetchaung on the 31st. In the month of June, rainfall was in moderate ex;cess in the Tenasserim and generally normal in the Delta and Dry Zone. In the month of July, rainfall was normal at Tenasserim, nearly normal in the Dry Zone and in slight excess in the Delta. In the month of August, rainfall was in moderate excess in the Dry Zone and in slight defect in the Delta. In the month of September, rainfall was normal in the Delta, in slight defect in the Tenasserim and in slight excess in the Dry Zone. In the month of October, rainfall was in slight exces1 in the Delta, in moderate excess in the Dry Zone and in moderate defect in the Tenasserim Economic Conditions.-The Commissioner of Settlements and Land Records stated that he was not in a position to compile an authoritative account of the economic conditions in Burma during the year 1947 as applicable to the whole of the population in Burma.

PAGE 7

2 REPORT ON THE STATE OF PUBLIC But from the reports received from the District Health Officers it is known that the relations between landlords and tenants throughout the country were generally unsatisfactory and the prices of most essential commodities including the staple food rice, had risen to three lo four times the normal pre-war prices. CHAPTER II. Commentary on Vital Statistics. Population.-The population of Burma according to 1931 census is 14,657,006. A perusal of the main vibl statistics statements will, however, show that they relai:e--w-a popuhtion of 1,387,428 only The reason for this vast difference is that the statistics in the main statements refer to only 70 urban areas of Burma. The statistics of all districts ( 13,244,24S) including those of the nine districts where they are normally considered to be inaccurate have to be left out as the collection of Vital Statistics has not been taken up in these areas for want of necessary forms ancl registers. The population of Minbya has also been omitted as it has not yet been revived as a :lviunicipal area and also those of the C1ntonments of Rangoon, Mingaladon, Mandalay and Maymyo as these have not been established during the year. Registration and Transmission.-The ward headmen or vaccinators in the case of small Municipalities act a s registrars of births and deaths. They transmit the birth and death foils to the Health Officer once a week ; weekly and monthly returns are submitted by the Health Officer on the p1escrilied forms to the office of the Director of Medical and Health Services, Burma, where the final consolidation of all figures lakes place. BIRTH AND DEATH RATES. Birth Rate (Urbaa).-The r:tte is 33'49 It shows a decrease of 3'15 compared with the rale for the year 1940 Thirt}"-two towns have recorded rates higher than this year's urban mean and 27 above their respective rates for the ye ; n 1940. The highest rates during the year have been recorded in Kawkareik 50 95, Taungdwingyi 49'53, Kamayut 48'92, That6n 48'90, Maymyo 48 53, Syriam 48'24 and Moulmeingyun 43'24. Except Taungdwingyi the reasons for the high rates recorded in the other towns may be attributed to good registration and the general increase of population in the urban areas owing to the various disturbances occurring in the rural areas The number of births registered in those place, show a marked increase compared with the births registered in the year 1940. The towns recording th~ lowest rates are Akyab 8'77, Chauk 9.1, Nyaung U 11'95, Myitnge 15' 84;

PAGE 8

HEALTH IN BURMA DURING 1947. 3 Kyaukse 17 and Prome 15. The low bi1:th rate in Akyab is to a great extent to be attributed to the fact that the town had as yet not been properly re-established after the \var as it was only towards the 1st quarter of the year 1946, that the Civil popubtion was a llowed to re-enter the town which had been razed to the ground during the war. The factor of predominance of males over females it is believed, is to a some extent responsible for the low rates in Chauk and M y i t nge. The low rates in N yaungU, Kyaukse ancl Prome indicate that impro vement in registration is needed. Death Rate (Urban).-Tbe m ;ban r a t e 32 '84 shows a drop of 6'66 compared with the rate of 1940 The mor tality from the principal diseases were as follows : -Pneumonia 4,0J2, Pulmonary tuberculosis 1 999 and Other Fevers 2,741. Thirty-one cut of 70 towns ir.icludecl i n the main s ta tements recorded rates above the current year's urb;. n m ea n and 2 1 abov e their respective rates fo, the year 19-1-0. The highest rates during the year were recorde d in Mo_1lri1ein g y nn 75 00, Kama yut 6 9"60, Thayetm y o 62'51, Myaungnwa 6 l Kyaiklat 59'58, Kan b e 54'75, Tbingangyun 54"48 and Yenangyaung 51 3 6. In the towns of iv!ouhneingyun, Kyaiklat and Yenangyaung the number of deaths ascribed to m alaria is three times that recorded in the yea1 1940 In Kamayut and Thingangy un the increase in the death rates increased number o f d eaths fro m all other cau s es in Thayelmyo and Kanbe are due principally were mainly d u e to The hig b death r ates to high incidence o f small-pox and fevers. The towns r eturning the lowest death rate s are Akyab 4 31, Myitnge 5'63, Yamethin 12'38 Sandoway 14 99, Nattalin 16'86, Kyangin 16'67, Shwegyin 17'87, Toungoo 17"53, Kyaukse 17'54, Prome 18 48, Shweclaung 18 79, Minbu ]8"65 and .Magwe 1 9 '98. In Akyab the low death rat'! is clue to Lhe same condition that contribtited t o the low birth rate of the town. In Myitnge a larg e pro porti o n of the population being the e tnployees in the Burma Railw a ys W orkshop are adults in the age period 25 to 40 among whom mortc11ity rate i1 generally low. CHAPTER III. Principal Epidemic Diseases. MAJOR EPIDBMIC DISEASES. The major epidemic diseases in Burma are cholera, plague and small-pox. These diseases are notifiable both in rural and urba n areas. The responsibility for taking preventive measures rests upon the local bodies. The vaccination staff employed by them is considered satisfactory and they are generally able to control an out-break of small-pox within their jurisdictions. In the case of cholera and plague,

PAGE 9

REPORT ON THE STATE OF PUBLIC the Health Officers in towns are in most c1ses capable of controlling the out-breaks, but District Councils and Deputy Commissioner's Local Fund areas have to depend mainly upon the Public Health Sub Assistant Surgeons and three Epidemic Mobile Teams of this Department. During the year the Mobile Teams were detailed to Prome, Myanaung, Kyangin, Yena111w .. ung and Thayelmyo towns and to rural areas of Sagaing, Yamethin, Meiktila, Thayetmyo, Henzada, Mag.we, Pakokku and Upper Chindwin. Cholera (Urban) .-Except in Monlmein town cholera was not prevalent in urban areas to any wide extent. Only eight towns out of 70 reported deaths from this disease. Seventy-one deaths were recorded against 708 in 1940; the rate 0 being 0 45 below the rate of 1940 The highest number of deaths (50) was reported from Moulmein. In this conuection the Health Officer, Moulmein, remarks.:" There were two sporadic c ases in Janu:.ry, in the 3rd Circle, Nayabt ; 1ty, the month of February being free from cholera. The real onset of the epidemic was in the month of March The first case was at Karugyaung Street, 5th Division ; the second was at Furlong Road and the third at Dinewunkwin Road The cases were far away from eac h other ,rnd n o history of contact between one another could be obtained. All three cases gave a history of errors in diet after fatigue having precipitated the attack. (From the hi s tory given, all three cases were exposed to fatigue, and then some error in the diet imme diately brought on the attacks.) Mokedee, p,lrk curry with country liq nor were stated to be the substances ingested shortly before the a ttacks There were 12 cases in March followed by 9 in April ; the epidemic reached its peak in Ma y with 30 caees. In June there were 16 cases. The epidemic then sub1ided and the month, of July, August and September were free from iQfcction. In (Jctober there were two cases one of which was imported from Minywa Village, the other caught the infection from the importe d case. November mid Dece,nber were free from this disease." The other towns which reported deaths from this disease are Toungc o (7), Nyaunglebin (5), Rangoon (4), Pyapon (2), Shwedaung (1), Paungde (1) and Kyaikto (J) Small-pox (Urban).-The death rate from this disease 073 is 1"08 less than the rate for the yeai 1940. The highest rates were recorded in Thayetmyo 2o sis, Kyaiklat 3, Al\anmyo 2. Of the total deaths viz., 1,008 from this disease, Rangoon town recorded 626. In Thayetmyo there was a total of 296 attacks with 191 deaths. The spread of the disease was due to concealment of a number of cases until it tlired up in epidemic form. Thirteen persons including a ward headman, a Municipal Committee member and some well to-do people were sentenced by the Honorary Magistrate to pay fines for failure to report small-.eox cases. Plague ( 0 "30).-This figure shows a fall of 0 25 compared with the rate for the year 1940. The highest rates were returned from Danubyu 3, Yamethin 3, Myanaung 2"65, Kyangin 2"65 and Ye-U 2, Twenty-six towns reported free from this disease during: the year under report.

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HEALTH IN BURMA DURING ]947. 5 Measures directed against Epidemic Diseases.-All the three e pidemic diseases mentioned in the previous paragraphs are preventable and the public health staff would be able to bring an out-break under control within a reasonable time if the people would follow the simple instructions given to them. By means of health talks, lectures and distribution of pamphlets the public are constantly educated as to the nature of these diseases and the various ways they can help to prevent their spread. But most people are inclined to rely chiefly on preven tive inoculations and neglect the principal preventive method of improvement of general sanitation of the neighbourhood. Cholera.-For the control of this disease the principal measures adopted are diainfection of water supplies, control of the s:1le of food and drinks, disinfection of infected and neighbourini houses and protection of the people with an li-cholera inoculation. The total number of inoculations performed during the year was 141,813 of which 100,787 were in rural and 41,026 in the urban areas Pfo,Rut'.-Anti-p\ague measures including anti-plague inoculation of the people and destruction of rats by various means were carried out. The number of anti-plague inoculations performed during the year was 166,475 of which 88,102 were in rural and 78,363 in urban areas. 206,809 rat-holes were closed down, 177,366 were fumigated and 345,124 rats were killed The largest number of rats killed, viz., 254~593 is reported from the Rangoon Corporation area. Small-pox .-The most effective preventive ag1inst small-pox is vaccination. The immunity confen-ed by a primary vaccination wanes after a period of years, so that it is necessary for an individual to keep himself rev;:iccinated at intervals if he is to be fully -protected A separate report showing the state of vaccination in this country is published as Appendix A to this Report. CHAPTER IV. The Principal Diseases, Non-Epidemic in Burma. Malaria.:........ This disease accounted for 3,062 deaths during the year. This ye:ir's rate 2'21 shows a slight increase of 0'07 compared with the rate for the year l 940. The towns recording the highest death rates from this disease are Wakema 19, Kyaiklat 12, Moulmeingyun 9 94, Mergui 9"46, Ni;i;athainggyaung 8"92, Kyaikto 7'87, Thaton 6, Salin 6"61, Patmgde 6"31 and Pyu 6"28. The following extracts are taken from the Annual Public Health Reports of various urban areas : Wakema is a lowlyin~ place with paddy fields all around. It remains submerged under water for half of the year. When the water subsides several stagnant pools are formed, which help the breeding of mosquitoes.

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6 REPORT ON THE STATB OF PUBLIC Moreover most of the people living in this town are traders ; they often go out to other highly malarious places, such as Labutta, fire wood jungles, etc and get infected Maiaria becomes therefore, one of the chief causes of sickness in this town. No spleen index was taken during the year. Because of the introduction of D.D.T. spraying mosquito breeding .has been greatly reduced. Kyaiklat.-Malaria was prevalent in both M.T. and B.T. forms. No special anti-malaria measures were adopted during the year under report. Moulmtinf!.ytm.--There wer e 77 deaths during the year under report. No spleen index was taken. The mosquito nuisance is great especially during the rains. They breed mostly i,n road-side drains and shgnant pools in all part:; of the town owing to bad drainage. D.D.T. powder in D oil was used in malaria control. Mugui.-It is common in the town and it topped the list of prev dent diseases during previous year. The disease cleclinecl during the year under repo rt. D D .T. and M;:ilaria oil were sprayed once a week in all the drains and stagnant phces. Wild vegetations were also cleaned out by clay conservancy coolies occasionally. Kyaikto.-The disease was prevalent in Kyaikto town, especially in the surrounding villages. Fifty two deaths from malaria were recorded during the year 1947 The highest number of deaths (10). was recorded in March and lowest number. of death (1) was recorded in August. Th,1t811.-This disease is prevalent in this town mostly in those parts closer to the hill. One hundred and fifteen deaths were attributed to m.1laria during 1947. Malariol and D.D.T. solutions were sprayed on stagnant pools and in public institutions. Salrn.-Malaria is prevalent in some parts of the town, especially in the Kyaungya and Thidat quarters, where there are many gardens and monasteries with paddy fields all around and no proper drainage could be done. Malaria starts with the setting in of the.cold season, sometimes in an epidemic form but fortunately during the year under report no such epidemic broke out; Anti-malaria measures such as cutting down overhanging branches and clearance of undergro\\'ths, filling up stagnant pools and spraying of D. D. T upon water-logged .areas were carried out. Paungde.-Malarh headed the list in the number of mortality cases during the year under report. The total number of deaths was 85 There is no anti-malaria campaign in this town. Pq.verty amongst masses, not being able to have the most ordinary prophylactic measures of having mosquito .curtains in their houses, had been the main factor in increased mortality under this head.

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HEALTH IN BURMA DURING 1947. 7 P:1-u.-1falaria is quite common here. There were 49 deaths from this disease. Most of these come from the neighbouring villages situated round about the Pegu Yoma foot hills. No special anti malarial measures were taken during the year with the exception of clearing rank vegetations and cutting the drains during the rains." Malaria Control Units. -On resumption of the Civil Government this Department inherited seven Malaria Control Units. They were stationed in Prome, Yemethin, Pegu, Meiktila, Akyab, Lashio and Kyaukpyu. These units attended to malaria control duty either in towns or in rural area:; and worked under the direct supervision and. control of the District Health Officers. In addition there was also one unit in Rangoon which confined its activities to Rangoon town only in the control of mosquito nnisance. All these Malaria Control Units organized during the period of Military Administration were temporary establishments. With the expiry of Government sanction on the 1st August, five units were disb1ndecl and only three units were maintained, one each at Akyab, Kyaukpyu and Rangoon during the year. D.D.T. spraying of the houses and breeding places, drain cutting and dressing, jnngle clearing, canalization, collection of adult mosquitoes and larv
PAGE 13

,8 R'.KPORT ON THE STATE OF PUBLIC He also visited the Bawgata area in the Toungoo District with the Hydro-electric survey party as one of the members. It was only a .preliminary survey lasting about three weeks ; a detail malaria survey of the same a,ea is to be conducted, when conditions permit. Th.is year was free from serious out-breaks in the country Leprosy.-The number of deaths ascribed to Leprosy in towns during 1947 is, the rate being 0. The largest number 8f deaths have been recorded in Rangoon, Moulmein and Mandalay. This is accounted for by the fact _that most of the deaths reported in these towns as due to leprosy, occurred in leper asylums_. There :ire four Leper Asylums or Homes in Burma, viz., R:mgoon Leper Asylum, Kemmendine, St. J_ohn's Leper Asylum, Mandalay, Home for Lepers, Mandalay and Moulmein Leper Home, having 309, 311, 175 and 152 leper inmates respectively at the close of the year. These institutions are run by Christian Missions with grants-in-aid received from Government. Prior to evacuation, there were nine voluntary District Leprosy Relief Associations, e1ch managing a leper colony fo1 housing, feeding anrl treatment of lepers. Th.ese colonies were destroyed during the war. Seven out of ni:1e voluntary Associations have revived. The Associations at_ lnsein, Yamcthin, Shwebo, Monywa and Minbu have taken action to revive the colonies on the old sites ancl leper inmates are accommodated in temporary structures. The new colony at Th1ton which was opened in 1946, continued to flourish during the yea1. In the Southern Shan States, two colonies for isolation of lepers continued to be run, one by the State at Kengtung and the other by the Rom
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HEALTH IN BURMA DURING 1947. 9 Myingyan Distri
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10 REPORT ON THE STATE OF PUBLIC respiratory diseases. The highest rates were recorded in Taungdwingyi 12, Myaungmya 9, Rangoon 8'66, Myingyan 8'60, Bassein 7, Meiktila 7'25, Monlmein 7"01 and Allanmyo 6 63. Tuberculosis.-Out of 2,266 deaths from tuberculosis recorded in towns 1,999 were ascribed to pulmonary tuberculosis, 24 to tuberculosis of joints and the rest 243 to other forms of tuberculosis. The death rate from pulmonary tuberculosis is 1 '44. This rate shows a drop of 0'37 compared with the rate for 1940. The Corporation of Rangoon continued to maintain the tuberculosis dispensary opened in 1935. During the year under report there was a total attendance of 29,66? persons, of these 4,012 were new patients among whom 431 were found to be suffering from tuberculosis in one or other of its ma~ifestations The Medical Officer and the Tuberculosis Nurse made 899 and 907 home visits respectively during the year. Beri-beri (0'07).-This figure shows a fall of 0 compared with the rate for 1940. The highest rates were recorded in Kyaikto 1 51, Kamayut 1 Nyaunglebin 1 and Ngathainggyaung 0 93_ Cerebrospir.ial Meningitis.-Thirty-six deaths from this disease were reported from towns, of which 11 were in Mandalay and 8 from Rangoon. Four death11 were reported from Henzada, 2 each from the towns of Nyaunglebin, Maymyo and Pyinmana and one each from Pegu, Insein, Tavoy, Minbu, Pakokku, Yamethin and Monywa. CHAPTER V. Rural and Urban Sanitation. URBA1' SANITATION. General.-ln nrban areas the Municipal and Town Committees are responsible for the upkeep of wholesome and protected water supplies, efficient disposal of rubbish and excreta, effective drainage to carry off sullage and waste water, and cleanliness and good n1anagement of baza1rs. In order to met:t this responsibility, most Municipal Committeei; entertain a more or less adequate staff of inferior personnel. The majority of the Committees, however, do not employ whole-time Health Officers They co-opt the local Government Medical Officer as a member of their Committee and delegate to him the powers of the Health Officer under section 31 (1) (e) of the Burma Municipal Act. It is the duty of the Health Officer to enforce the various bye-laws relating to public health, especially those relating to buildings, lodging houses, markets, slaughter-houses, burial and burning grounds, bakeries and eating houses. Water Supplles.-In respect of urban areas a protected supply is generally understood to mean a supply through pipe lines. U nfortu nately, few municipalities can afford to introduce and maintain a piped

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HEALTH IN BURMA DURING 1947. 11 water supply Piped water supplies are available only in the following towns :-Akyab, Pegu, Tharrawaddy, Thonze, Letpadan, Minhla, Bassein, Moulmein, Minbu, Yenangyaung, Chauk, Maymyo, Lashio, Kalaw and Taunggyi. In the rest of the towns, shallow wells and tanks form the main sources of supply, ;incl periodical chlorination is depended upon to render the supplies safe. Conservancy.-The removal of rubbish and excreta is one of the primary functions of Municipalities. For carrying out this object municipal committees have to maintain an adequate staff and equipment. Owing to financial stringencies and dearth of wet sweepers, only a few municipalities were successful in maintaining the pre-war strength of d ry and wet sweepers. There was an acute shortage of vans for removal of refuse, until an allotment of 50 Ford Tippers" were made available to this Department by the Superintendent, Government Central Stores, Rangoon. These Tippers were distributed to 26 towns. Removal of debr.is, sweeping of public roads, clearing of drains and disposal of garb1ge both from town and bazaar were carried out in all the towns with the available staffs. Due to acute sh~rtage of wet sweepers some municipalities were not in a position to revive the bucket system of removal of excreta. In such municipalities house owners were either insisted upon to maintain deep pit latrines or to arrange privately for the removal of excreta. Gene),".ally, it may be stated that the disposal of night soil and removal of rubbish in all towns in Burma have not been satisfactorily carried out. Markets.-The majority of the markets in towns are owned by Municipal and Town Committees. It is therefore their responsibility to keep their markets in clean condition, to forbid encroachments and to prevent the stocking of useless and unnecessar.y materials near the stalls. During the year most Municipal and Town Committees were not in a position to keep the markets in a satisfactory sanitary condition due to shortage of staff, increased number of bazaar-sellers and lack of co-operation on the part of the stall-holders and bazaar-sellers. The authorities were unable to strictly enforce the market bye-laws. CHAPTER VI. Maternity and Child Welfare. Maternal Mortality Rate.-The maternal mortality rate as calculated on the number of deaths of mothers due to child birth per thousand of total births (i.e., live births and still births) is 9 for towns in Burma as against 9 in 1940. All deaths of mothers within 14 days of delivery are registered as being due to effects of child birth. Aa registration of births and deaths in rural areas haa not yet been reiutrocuced after the re-occup:ition of the country, no maternal mortality rate for rural areas can be furnished 2

PAGE 17

12 REPORT ON THE STATE OF PUBLIC Still-Birth Rate.-The number of still births recorded during the year is 3,035 in towns and the rate for the year is 61 "32_ per 1,000 of total births (i.e., live births and still births) as against 1os1 for 1940. Infant Mortality Rate.-The infant mortality rate for towns in this country for 1947 is 29T70 per 1,000 hirths as against 272'70 for 1940. The reasons usually attributed for the high mortality rate by the Health and Medical Officers are :-exposure to insanitary surroundings; birth of weakly infants to mothers Whose conditions are debilitated by a rapid succession of pregnancies, irregular breast feeding producing digestive disorders ::tmong infants, and want of skilled assistance during labour. The towns which recorded high rate are Chauk (64T541 Thingangyuo. (52T34), Kamayut (523 94) ilnd Wakema (514'89) These rates show that over half the infants born in these towns do not survive their first year of life. There are no Child Welfare Societies in the first two places to pay special attention to infant welfare w0tk. Maternity and Infant \:Velfare Societies have been re-established -in Kamayut and Wakema but as the services of qualified Lady Health Visitors could not. be obtained, the societies did not function properly. Maternity Work.-The provision of an adequate skilled midwifery service is an important obligation of local bodies. Some Municipalities delegate this responsibility to the local voluntary organizations and pay a yearly contribution. As a result of War, most of the organizations were crippled both in property and in financial resources. Only 31 Maternity and Infant Welfare Societies were reorganized and revived up to the end of the. year 1947. The total number of Midwives employed by local bodies was 84 and they attended to 10,572 confinements. Child Welfare Work. -As in pre-war, the child welfare work has been still in the hands of the voluntary local societies which are financially assi,ted by Government, local bodies, the Burma Red Cross Society and private individuals The work of these societies comprises of visits to the homes of mothers within the area in which they operate, providing of medical and nursing care in cases of child birth and supply of milk food and other necessities for the welfare of the children. Pay and allowance of L,dy Health Visitors employed with the Maternity and Infant Welfare Societies were met by Government up to the 31st August 1947. With a view to expand the Maternity and Infant Welfare work in the country, a Women and Children Welfare Board has been created (in September 1947) and on the advice of the Board steps are being taken to introduce State Maternity and Infant Welfare Services throughout the country by stages It is expected that the development and expansion in several directions will be achieved by gradual process.

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Hi:ALTH IN BURMA DURING 1947. 13 The following is a brief.summary 6 activities during the year 1947 of the principal Child Welfare Societies in Burma :Ranfoon.-The Corporation of Rangoon maintained two Infant Welfare Centres, one at Kemmendine and the other at Theinbyu. Two Lady Medical Officers (Medical Graduates) and p Lady Health Visitors were employed in these Centres. Two Lady Medical Officers paid 4,1'544 anrl Lady Health Visitors 30,176 Home Visits. There w e re 1,815 ante-natal attendances at the Centres. The National Council of Women in Burma restarted its pre-war Child Welfare Work and continued to ~un the Baby Welcome Clinic at Bowlane with one Health Visitor and one Midwife. During the year, 386 infants, 247 toddlers 269 ante-natal case, and 2q post-natal cases, making a total of 928 registered at the Clinic Maternity and Child Welfare Clinics were held on Mondays, Tue;c;days and Fridays and the average attendance was about 25. Mandalay .-Th e Maternity and Infant Welfare Society could not be revived during the year under report, owing to various unfavourable circumstances Pending the revival of the society, pre-war staff of the society consisting of two Lady Health Visitors, eight .Midwives and -0ne female servant were maintained by the Mandalay Municipal Committee. The Clinics were opened daily, except on Sundays at the Out-door patient department of the Mandalay General Hospital by two Lady Health Visitors A total number of 8,245 attendances at the <;linic was recorded, and the total number of Home Visits made by the_ Health Visitors was 7,542. The eight Midwives conducted 930 con finemcn ts. Maymyo.-The staff of the Maternity and Infant Welfare Society consists of one Lady Health Visitor and three Midwives. The Centre recorded 5,914 attendances and the Health Visitor made 4,358 Home Visits during the year. The three Midwives of the Society c onducted 280 confinement cases, and paid 2,572 ante-natal and 2 621 post-natal visits. Bassein.-The Infant Welfare Society has in its employ a qualified Lady Health Visitor and four Miuwives The Lady Health Visitor supervised the work of the Midwives. The Midvives conducted 617 confinement cases during the year. Moulmein.-The Society for the Prevention of Infant Mortality has a qualified Lady Health Visitor who supervised the work of the Town Result Midwife and attended the Clinic for Infants and to ante natal and post-natal work. There were four Midwives paid by the Municipality under the supervision of the Society. The total number of attendances at the Centre-one at Daingwun-kwin and the other at Maungan-recorded, was 2,344. The Health Visitor paid 2,501 Home Visits The number of confinements conducted by the Midwives was 471.

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14 REPORT ON THE STATE OF PUBLIC Taunl{J!yi.-The Infant Welfare Society employed a Lady Health Visitor. During the year the Health Visitor paid 4,731 Home Visits and the Centre had 1,163 attendances. Tout11!,oo.-A Clinic was run by the Maternity and Infant Welfare Society with one Lady Health Visitor up to the end of September 1947. The Clinic had to be kept closed temporarily till the end of the year as the Lady Health Visitor resigned from service on the 1st October 1947 and no substitute could be recruited. The attendances at the Clinic numbered 2,126 and the Home Visits paid by the Health Visitor were 5,624. Henza,ia.-The Infant Welfare Society employed a Lady Health Visitor who paid 3,129 Home Visits. The Centre had 3,485 attendances Thal6n.-The Maternity and Infant Welfare Society had in its employ a Lady Health Visitor. The Municipal Vaccinator attended the Health Centre maintained by the Society on every clinic day, to carry out vaccination amon~ Children and Mothers who attended the Centre. The Municipal Midwife also -attended the Clinic on every Wednesday to 11ee the ante-natal cases and to carry on external examinations of the expectant mothers. The Centre recorded 16,692 attendances during the year and the Lady Health Visitor made 3,138 Home Visits Pyinmana.-The Maternity and Infant Welfare Society employed a Lady Health Vis:tor. The number of Centre attendances during the year was 3,974. The Lady Health Visitor made 1,678 Home Visits. Bhamo .-The attendances at the Centre maintained by the Infant Welfare Society for the year was 186 The Health Visitor paid 2,189 Home Visits. Syriam. -The Child Welfare Society continued to run two Centres one at Bawlonekwin and the other at Thanlyin. The Lady Health Visitor of the Society paid 4,013 Home Visits, and total number of attendances at two Centres during the year was 3,577 Myaun1unya.-The Lady Health Visitor of the Maternity anrl. Infant Welfare Society paid 1,879 Home Visits. The attendances at the Centre numbered 1,775. 1-nsein.-The Maternity and Infant Welfare Society was re-established in May 1946. The total number of attendances at the Centre during the year was 1,054, and the Nurse-Midwife of the Society paid 1,325 Home Visits. Pyu .-A Lady Health Visitor was entertained by the Maternity and Infant Welfare Society She attended 381 cases at the Clinic and paid 1,276 Home Visits during the year. Kun_Ryang6n.-The activities of the Maternity and Infant Welfare Society were mainly confined to looJdng after mothers and babies at

PAGE 20

l:tEALTH IN BURMA DURING 1947. lS the shelter, in the' hospital premises, 'fhe Society employed its own Midwife arid the total number of confinements cond~cted by the Midwives during the year was 64 Twante .-The Maternity and Infant Welfare Society, Twante, built a Maternity Shelter near the hospital with contribution received from the District Council, Hanthawaddy. They engaged a qualified Midwife to perform maternal welfare work at the shelter. During the year, 126 confinement cases were conducted at the shelter. Ycnatif!yattnJ{-A Lady Health Visitor of the Maternity and Infant Welfare Society, Yenangyaung, paid 1,779 Home Visits during the year. The number of attendances at the Centre was 2,208 CHAPTER VII. Public Health Propaganda. Hygiene Publicity.-In pre-war days the Hygiene Publicity Officer, Burma, wa s provided with magic lanterns, lantern slides, cinema projectors and cinema films on various health subjects. In addition, the District Health Officers were also supplied with m:i.gic lanterns and lantern slides for health p r opag::mda work in Muaicipal Towns as well as in rural areas All such equipment were either lost or damaged during the war and arrangements are being m1de to re-equip the Hygiene Publicity Officer and District Health Officers with these. During the year the urban and rural health staff gave 2,047 health talks and lectures and were successful in distributing 10,9J2 copies of health publications. The Hygiene Publicity Officer, Burma, attended the Grand Carnival Show and Baby Show held at Myaungmya, the Union of Stage and Screen Exhibition and the Arts and Crafts Exhibition held at Rangoon. He conducted he,dth exhibitions on a small scale at these shows with the aV1ilable health exhibits, mJj.:Js, charts and posters. At the Grand Carnival and Biby Show at Myaungmya he conducted cinema demonstrations with films entitled '' Safety First" on Small-pox, "Life Guard II on Plague and '' Village Well" on Cholera. These films were screened 011 the 35 M.M. projector the use of which was very helpfully .arranged by the Deputy Commissioner, Myaungmya, for the occ:i.sion Ten lectures on Leprosy, Cholera, Small-pox, Plague and Personal Hygiene in Burmese were broadcast by the Special Leprosy Officer and the Hygiene Publicity Officer, Bd'rma, from the Burma Broadcasting Station The old health cards, pamphlets and posters which were stocked by this Department for distribution were destroyed during the enemy occupation of the country. New health cards on Small-pox, Cholera, Plague, Maiaria and Flies, and pamphlets on Venereal Diseases, Plague, Cholera.; Small-poz,D.D.T., Nutrition (Nos. 1, 2 and 3)

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16 REPORT ON THE STATK OF PUBLIC and Leprosy, twelve posters on Plague, Cholera, Small-pox (Nos. 1 and 2), Nutrition (Nos. 11 2, 3 and 4), Maternity and Child Welfare (Nos 1 and 2) and Registration of Births were produced and 279,000 cards, 70,000 pamphlets and 36,500 posters were printed during the year .1t the Government Printing Press. Burma Red Cross Society and Health Propa&"anda.-The Burma Reel Cross Society contributed a sum of Rs. 5,000 for the replacement and renewal of health models, posters, charts, etc. The first inatalment of Rs. 600 has duly been received and renovation of old and pririting of new posters were carried out during this year. CHAPTER VIII. Personnel employed on Public Health Work in Burma. District Staff.--District Health Offi..:ers.-The sanctio1Jecl strength in this cadre is five. Two permanent posts at Hanthawadcly and Busein were held by U Lat, M.B., B.S., D.P.H., and U Ba Nyun, B.Sc., M.M.F., D.P.H., respectively throughout the year. U Maung U, M.B., B.S., D.P.H.1 worked as another permanent District Hea)th Officer, in Myingyan District, till his transfer as Assistant Port Health Officer, Rangoon, in early part of March l 947. Consequent on the appointment of U Maung U, M.B., B.S., D.P.H., as Assistant Port Health Officer, Rangoon, Dr. C. C. Po., M.A., L.M.S.S.A., D.P.H., R.C P S., who was holding the temporary post of Health Officer, Rangoon Suburban areas was confirmed in the vacancy as a permanent District Health Officer. The remaining two posts are on temporary basis Mr. B. C Barna, M.B B.S., D.P.H., held one of the posts at Akyab District and Mr. A. Mobaby, M.B.E., M.B., B.S., held the other post at Toungoo District. Assistant District Health Offic,rs.-The nnmberof Assistant District Health Officers sanctioned for this Department is five. Mr. R. B. Singh, M.B, B S., the only permanent incumbent in this cadre was employed at Bassein while the remaining four poats were left vacant during the year. Sub-Aasistant S11rgeons.-The total pre-war strength of Epidemic Sub-A:1sistant Surgeons of this Departmen t was 44, of which 39 were on peru:.anent basis and five were on temporary basis. 0 the 39 permanent posts 30 have been revived, as permanent posts; the remaining 9 posts have been treated as temporary on austerity basis. The entertainment of the five pre-evacuation temporary posts is also sanctioned. As sufficient personnel was not available for epidemic duty, four Epidemic Mobile teams inherited from the military administration, continued to be entertained. On account of shortaie of medical personnel, senior and

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HEALTH IN BURMA DURING 19'17. 17 experienced Public Health Inspectors were placed in charge of these Epidemic Mobile teams. However, only 25 permanent Sub-Assistant Surgeons were appointed during the year under review. Of these one officiated as Hygiene Publicity Officer, Burma, while another acted as Assistant Malariologist. Of the remaining 23 Public Health Sub Assistant Surgeons, one was engaged at the Bacteriological Section of the Harcourt Butler Institute of Public He::tlth, Rangoon. One was promoted as Special Leprosy Officer, Burma, while another was entrusted with the duties of Health Officer, Mingaladon. The services of four were put on Port Health duties at the Ports of Rangoon and Akyab Two were lost to this Department as one died and the other resigned. Thus at the end of the year there were only 14 employed on epidemic and general sanitary duties. Health In1pectors.-Eighty-ti.ve Public Health Inspectors and eight Inspectora of Vaccination were employed in rural areas and 124 Public Health Inspectors were employed in urban areas. On the recommendation of this Depar.tment, the following candidates were acceptecl by government as eligible for registration as qualified Public Health Inspectors :(a) 34 candidates who were trai11ed by the Bureau of Public Health Administration during enemy occupation, and who subsequently passed the final qualifying examination for Public Health Inspectors. (b) 14 candidates who were trained during 1941-42, but could not be examined for the qualifying examination then, and who subsequently passed the qualifying examination held by the Bm:eau 0f Public Health Administration during enemy occupation. Nine candidates underwent the training class of Public Health Inspectors held at the Harcourt Butler Institute of Public Health, Rangoon, in October 1946 and passed the final examination held in June 194 7. Of them one gained distinction in this examination. Headquarters Staff.-U Maung Gale, B.A ,.M.13., D.P.H., held the post of Deputy Director of Health Services, Burma. U Tha Gyaw, B Sc M B., D .P.H. held the post of Assistant Director of Health. Services, South Burma and Mr. V. V\T, Fenn, L S M.F., M .P.H., held the post of Assistant Director of Health Services, North Burma. THA MYA, M.B. (Cal.)., Dir,c/or of Medical and H ealfh Ser11ic,s, Bu,a.

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APPENDICES APPENDIX A,-Heport on the state of vaccination during the year 1947 .. APPENDIX B.-Report of the Superintending Engineer, Public Health Circle, Rangoon APPENDIX C .-Report on Public Health of the Senior Medical Officer, Burma Corporation, Ltd,, Namtu, for the year 1947 APPENDIX D .-Air Port and Port Health Administration during 1947 VITAL STATISTICS STATEMENTS. STATEMENT No. 1.-Deaths b y Age periods in Towns having a population of 10,000 and above SUPPLEMENTARY STATEMENT No. IA.-Details of Deaths by age periods under one year in Towns having a population of 10,000 and at-ove ... STATEMENT No. II A.-Births and Deaths in Urban Areas STATEMENT No II B .-Details of Deaths in Towna under certain specific causes VACCINATION STATEMENTS. STATEMENT No. 1 (A).-Showing particulars of Vaccination i n Districts (excluding towns) of Burma during the year 1947 STATEMENT No. 1 (B).-Showing particulars of Vaccination in the Towns of Burma during the year 1947 ... VACClNATION APPENDIX A .-Statistics relating to the number of children under one year of age in the towns available for vaccination and the number of successlul operations pertormed on them STATEMENT A.-Showing t v tal income from all sources and expenditure on public health purposes during the financial year 1946-47 STATEMENT H.-Showing health services in Rural and Urban Areas of Burma during 1947 ... STATEMENT C .-Showing Maternity and Child Welfare Centres, Health Visitors and Trained Midwive1 in Burma during 1947 VITAL STATISTICS CHAIIT I TO III. PAGE

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20 APPENDICES APPENDIX A. VACCINATION PERFORMED, A total of 1,425,503 persons was vaccinated during the year. Of these, 957,391 were vaccinated in rural areas and 468,112 in urban areas. Rural Vaccination.-Of 957,391 operations performed in 31 districts -354,470 were primary and 602,921 revaccinationi. Of the prim~ry ope~ations, 238,237 were successful, while the resul ls of 64,982 were left unverified. The success rate in verified case s was 82" 24 per cent. Of the successftrl prim::i.ry operations, 62,375 were on infants under one ye'lr of age, 135,111 on children of one to six years and 40,7_~1-on those above six years. Of the 602,921 revaccinations, 74,237 were results of 159,240 are reported as "--unknown." in known cases was 16 73. successful, while the The rate of success The number of persons known to have been successfully vaccinated and revaccinated per thousand of population was 32. Three districts, fli2., Arakan Hill Tracts, Myaungmya and Maubin reported 100 per cent success rate of primary vaccination. Of the remaining 28 districts, 9 reported successes between 90 and 100 per cent and the rest, viz., 19 districts reported successes below 90 per cent. Urban Vacclnation.-In sixty urban areas, 468, t 12 operations were performed by regular vaccinators. Of these 71,233 were primary and 396,879 were revaccinatiom,. Of the primary 55,303 were successful, while the results of 9,715 remained unverified. The snccess rate in verified cnses was therefore 89"85 per cent. Twenty-one towns reported JOO per cent success. Of the other 39 towns, 1 S towns reported successes between 90 and 100 per cen.t, while the rest, viz., 24 towns reported successes below 90 per cent. Lo\v success rates were reported from Akyab 54 s1, Kyaukpyu 56"44, Pyu 49, Taungdwingyi 53, Sagaing 55"06 and Bhamo 55. Of the 71,233 successful v;iccinations, 29,035 were on infants under one year of age and 23,361 on children of one to six years. The number of births recorded in 60 urban areas was 43,842 and deaths under one year totalled 13,250. The-number of survivors according to these records was 30,592. Of these 29"035 infants were vaccinated during the year. Of the 396,879 revaccinations, 37,333 were successful, while 140,365 cases were not inspected. The percentage of ,uccess in verified cases was 14"55 per cent.

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APPENDICES 21 The number of persons successfully vaccinated per thousand of population wa, 72. Jails.-Of the 13,830 operations performed in Jails 192 were primary and 13,638 revaccinations. Of the i,rimary cases 86'86 per cent were successful and of the revaccinations 35 90 per cent were successful. Ports.-A total of 16,154 operations was performed in the Port of Rangoon, 0 these 605 were primary and 15,559 revaccinations. F,derated Shan States.-A total of 30,601 primary operations and 48,850 revaccinations were performed in rural areas of Southern Shan Statea. The 1uccesses rate in primary cases wa, 98" 14 per cent and in revaccinations 2T72. In the town of Lashio 263 primary and 2,492 revaccinations were performed. Of the primary case, 212 or 90"87 per cent were successful, while the success rate of revaccination was 38 90 per cent. Verification Work of Inspecting Officers.-Verification work was performed by the District and Assistant District Health Officers in 16 districts only. They verified 2 per cent of the primary vaccinations and 2'71 per cent of the revaccinations. In the remaining 15 districts verification work was not carried by these officers. Inspectors of Vaccination, Public Health Inspectors and Public Health Sub-Assistant Surgeons in rural areas inspected 53 J 9 per cent of the primary vaccinations and 53 17 per cent of the revaccinations. In urban areas Municipal Superintendents of Vaccination (Health Officers) verified 16"12 per cent of the primary vaccinations and 6"96 of the revaccinations, while the Public Health Inspectors verified 71'99 per cent of the primary vaccinations. and 73"43 per cent of the revaccinations. VACCINE LYMPH SUPPLY. Prior to evacuation of the country local bodies were supplied with vaccine lymph manufactured at the Vaccine Depot, Meiktila. All the equipment belonging to the Depot were either lost or damaged during the war ;nd 9 of the 13 buildings and huts in the compound of the Depot were razed to ground leaving the remaining 4 buildings in badly damaged condition Necessary action is being taken to lrrange for the manufacture of vaccine lymphs at the Harcourt Butler Institute of Public Health, Rangoon, as early as possible. At present vaccine lymph is obtained from Bengal and Bombay at the price of annas two per dose. A total of J ,873,930 doses was distributed to local bodies during the year.

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22 APPENDICES APPENDIX B. REPORT REGARDING SANITARY WORK CARRIED OUT UNDER THK CONTROL OF THE SUPERINTENDING ENGINEER, PUBLIC HEALTH CIRCLE, RANGOON, DURING 1947. Narrativ, Progress Rc:porl of Works carri,d out by the SuperintendinR En!!,ineer; Public Health Circle, during the year 1946-47. 1. Waler Supjly.-(General maintenance of) water supply and sanitary installation in Government and requisitioned buildings in Rangoon were m1intained efficiently during the year. Mobile pumping plants were also maintained for Government offices and residences where the pressure ot Corporation Water Supply was low. Duplicate electric pumping plants 5 H P. 2500 G.P.H. each were installed in the following buildings :Custom House. High Court. Kyauktada Police Station. Mogul Guard. General Post Office. Lanmadaw Police Station. General Hospital. One No. 10 P H. Electric pump6000G.P. H and one No. 15 H.P. Electric Compressor 80 c.ft. were installed at the President's House. Extensive repairs due to war damage to the sanitary and water supply installations were carried out in the following buildings in the Districts :Central Jail, Insein. C.I.D. Headquarters, Insein Military Police Lines, Insein Government High School, Insein. Jail Press, I nsein. Civil Hospital, Insein. Veterinary College, Insein. Mental Hospital, Tadagale. Farm Building, Hmawbi. 11aymyo Civil Hospital. Agricultural College, Mandalay. A new 6 inch tube well was sunk at the Central Jail, Tharrawaddy, to replace the unserviceable old tube well Six kite motion hand pumps for supply of water were provided for in the following Jails : -Bassein. Paungde. Myinayan. Monywa. Nyaunaoo. Meiktila.

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Bazaars.-Nil. Drainage Scheme.-Nil. APPENDICES 23 Burma Under{!.round Water Act, 1930. -One permanent and seven temporary licences for new tube wells were granted in accordance with the Burma Underground Water Rules, 1941. Appendix B.-The Government has sanctioned during the year Joans to the following local bodies as noted against each to rehabilitate their water supplies :Ra. Akyab Municipality 39,200 Tharrawaddy Town Committee 41,300 Letpadan Municipality 41,300 Minhla Municipality 41,300 Nyaunglebin Municipality 41,JOO Prome Municipality 46,900 Mau_bin Municipality 41,300 Moulmein Municipality 21,700 Monywa Municipality 34,300 Taungdwingyi Municipality 41,300 Thayetmyo Municipality 34,300 Minbu Municipality 34,300 Magwe Municipality 77,000 Mying_van Municipality 88,900 Mandalay Municipalit y ... 91,000 Of these sanctions, estimates for the following stations have been sanctioned and work in progress :-Amount of Estimate Rs. Tharrawaddy 41,000 Letpadan 13,500 Prome 18,000 Thayetmyo 40,295 Minhla 44,127 Nyaunglebin 5 1,800 Maubin 41,300 Minbu 34,300 The following stations have been inspected and estimates are under preparation : -Akyab. M o ulmein. M6nywa. Magwe. Pakokku. Mandalay. Taungdwingyi. M y irigyan.

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24 APPKHDICES APPENDIX C. PUBLIC HEALTH R~PORT FOR TIIE YEAR 1947 FROM SaNIOR MEDICAL 0PFICER, BURMA CORPORATION, LIMITED, NAMTU. Patients treated in Hospital, in-door and out-door (new admissions only) during the year 1947 :-Enteric fever Diphtheria Chicken-pox Mumps Measles Malaria_ Dysentery Diarrhrea Intestinal parasite Other disea1es of the alimentary ayate:m Pncumor:ia Tuberculosia of lungs Other disea1e1 of the Respiratory system. Diseases of blood Diseases of heart and circulation Diseases of lymphatic system Diseases of nerve>ua ayatem Diseases of generatin sy1tcm Diseaee, of eye Diseaaes of car, nose and throat Diseaaes of skin Deficiency diseasei; Syphilis Gonorrhrea Labour-Normal and abnormal Diseases of bonei, and joints Injuries Tumours ... Infection of areolar tissues Dog-bite Total New Admissions. In-Out-Patienis. Patients. 64 2 10 601 11 6 47 53 3 39 28 1 s 6 25 8 3 13 s 1 47 22 70 6 69 1,152 16 287 1 4,276 54 111 100 4,637 2,135 710 27 281 59 324 418 732 491 1 7 17 427 1,069 1 1,260 6 17,441

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APPENDICES Return of Patients Treated, both In-door nnd Out door durinf! the year 1947. InPatients. Out-Pati,rnts 25 Total-New Daily Total-New Daily and old ca1e1 Average. and old cases. Average. anuary ... 748 24'1 3,688 February ... 743 26'5 3,691 723 March A pril May une ulv J J August ... ... ... ... ... 23'3 5,187 712 24 5,486 774 25 5,858 959 3Z 5,881 1 133 36"5 7,041 1,194 38"5 7,189 September .. 1,06~ 35"4 7,737 October 1,299 41"9 7,745 November ... 1,357 45 2 6,866 December 1,4\5 45 7 ---Total ... 12,120 Daily average of In-Patients treated Daily average of Out-Patients treated 398'1 D,ath1 in Ho~pital during the year 1947-7,543 -----73,912 33 203 Anremia S Enteric fever 8 Malaria 7 Pneumonia 10 Tuberculosis of lungs 2 Brochiectasis 1 Diphtheria 2 Carcinoma colon 1 Abnormal labour (Transverse preaentation with septicremia) 1 Acute nephritis 1 Icterus neonatorum 1 Hrematoma, left temporal region with concussion and compression of brain 1 Vascular disorder of nervous system cerebral hremorrhage 1 Cerebral thrombosis 1 Toxremia of pregnancy (Eclampaia) 1 Cirrhosis of liver 1 Valvular disease of heart 1 Births in Hospital durinf! the yearLive-birtfis Still-births :Malaria.Number of cases Number of death& Death rate per 100 61 3 4,884 7 0,433 119 132 167"3 183 189 196 227 232 257'9 249 8 228"9 243 3 2,425'2

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26 APPENDICES Prophyiaxls. -Prophylactic administration of Paludrine in the dosage of one tablet bi-weekly for adults and proportionately less for children was given and the result was encouraging. Enteric Fever -Number of cases Number of deaths Death rate er 100 Pneumonia -Number of casea Number of death Tuberculosis of Lnss. -~umber of cases Number of deaths Diphtheria. Number of cas11 Number of deaths ~umps. -Number of ca1e1 Number of deaths Chicken-pox. Number of cases Number of deaths Small-pox.64 8 12 53 10 3 2 2 2 297 16 Number of cases Nil Total number of vaccinations done durin~ the year S ,3f8 T.A B. lnoculation.-One thousand Seven hundred and sev~nty.five persons were inoculated with T.A.B. vaccine during the year. Number of cases Number of persons inoculated with cholera vaccine Industrial Diseases.-Nil. Nil 672 The Industry was under rehabilitation. As only repair and construction work were being carried and smelting process had not started, there had been no case of lead poisoning Prevalent Diseases.-Malaria, pneumonia, diseases of the alimen tary system, injuries and diseases of the skin are common diseases in the locality Infectious Dlseases.-There was a mild epidemic of mumps amongst children during the year. All cases responded to treatment. There were a few cases of'chicken-pox and 2 sporadic cases of diphtheria during the year. Water Supply.-The.re was plentiful supply of good and whole some drinking water throughout the year. / Milk -Fresh cows and buffaloes milk at reasonable rate was available during the year The milk supply was sufficient for the population Vegetables.-Fresh vegetables and eg~s were always available but the prices were rather high.

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APPENt>ICEI. ei Beef, Mutton and Pork -These were regularly inspected. Flucky livers were destroyed. Mutton supply was scarce while beef and pork were available throughout the year in sufficient quantit~es. Slaughterhouses and Meat Stalls.-These were regularly inspected and found in good condition. Bazaars.-Eating1 houses, food stalls and markets were inspected regularly. They were kept dean in good sanitary condition. Conservancy .-Deep pit latrines replaced the old bucket latrines in the area. A few Hush latrines were put into commission Refuse disposal was done by clumping into river and burning in pits wherever possible. Schools.-Schools were visited periodically by the Medical Officer Prophylactic treatment for malaria with paludrine and vaccination against small-pox were given to school children. General health of the children was satisfactory. Police Lock-up.-This was regularly visited. Sanitary condition was satisfactory and there was no complaint about food from the prisoners. B. B. DUTTA., Senior Jl1dic11l Offic,r.

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28 APPENDIX D. RANGOON AIRPORT, MINGALADON. Inspection of In-coming .4ir-crafts.-A total nuinber of 262 in-coming aircrafts were inspected and in addition 6 planes in transit and one R.A.F plane were inspected; No cases of infectious disease were detected. lnsPtclion of Out-going Air-crafts.-A total number of 263 out-going aircrafts were inspected including 6 in transit and 5 R.A. F planes during the period. Inspection of ln-conung Passen[!crs.-Two thousand two hundred and twenty-six in-coming civilian passengers were inspected during the period and all of them were in possession of necessary medical certificates. l11SPectio11 of Out-going Passmgers.-A total number of 2,692 out going passengers were inspectt>d and all were protected against cholera, small-pox, etc., as required by this De partment. Exa,nination of lnacoming Cfr:ilian Crew .;_A total number of 1,053 in-coming civilian crew were inspected, including 47 in transit and all were found carrying necessary certificates. Examination of Out-going Civilian Crew.'-'-Nine hundred and eightyeight out-going civili1n crew, excluding 47 crew in transit, : .wer.e inspected during the whole period and all were found in possession of necessary certificates Jss-;i, ai Bit{ of Clearana.-Tw o hundred and fifty-two bills were issued during the period. Vaccin!'ltion.-No vaccination was performed at the Airport during the period. Disinfection.-The baggages of infected persons and the in-contacts require to be disinfected and it will be necessary to install either a portable or a fixed steam disinfector .at this Airport at an early elate Infectious Diseases.-No infected cases were detected amongst the in-coming and the out-going passengers during the period tinder review A11tz-mosquito Room.-It is proposed that an Anti-mosquito Room for the detention of persoqs arriving from Yellow fever zone and suspected to be suffering from that disease be constructed in the Airport. PoRT HEALTH ADMINISTRATION DURING 1947. Akyab.-In-coming vessels at this port from Indian ports numbered 25. They caniecl 3,886 passengers and 2,934 crew. Out-going vessels numbered 29. Of these 27 with the crew of 3,112 and6,151 passengers sailed to Indian ports while the remaining 2 with the <;rew of 123 sailed to ports beyond India and Burma. All the passengers of in-coming and out-going vessels were medically examined. In addition,

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APPENDICES. 29 passengers of several sampans which came from ,Ind.ianports were also examined. One case of small-pox and other case of cholera were reported, while one case of measles was detected during inspection of in-coming vessels in this port. Kyaukpyu.-No in-coming vessels and out-going vessels called a this port during the year under review. Basscrn.-Twenty-eight vessels, 7 from foreign ports, 11 from Indian ports ancl 10 from Burma ports called at the station. Of these, 9 and 4 left for Foreign and Indian ports respectively. The remaining 15 left for Burm1 ports. During the year.1,126 crew of the 18 in-poming vessels and 7 50 crew of the 13 out-goinit vescels were medically examined. oulmdn.-Ten in-coming vessels, 2 from Indian ports and 8 from ports beyond India and Burma and 13 out-going vessels, 10 to ports in India and 3 to ports heyond India and Burma, were examined. They carried 1,781 crew and 113 passengers. No case of any infectious diseases was detected on these vessels. Tavoy.-Twenty-five passengers proceeding to Foreign pm;ts were granted certificates of vaccination and anti-cholera inoculation. No medic1.l inspection of vessels wa'3 carried af this port due to short.1ge of staff. ANc\UAL REPORT OF THE PORT HEALTH OFFICER OF THE Po.RT OF RANGOON, FOR THE YEAR 1947. Dr. J. A. Anklesaria, M.B.~., K.-1-H.,w,is in-cha~;g~of. tpe.deparL ment up to 12th March 19_47 when he proceeded 01~ lea'vl'! pieparatory to retirement. I took over charge of the duties of the Port Health Officer with effect fr~m 13th March 194 7. . A.t the beginni{lg of the year : undl'!r re.port, though the' actual numbers of ships calling at or leaving tl~e Port of-I~a1;g0on were much less than thos e of the. pre-war clays, the amount of work that h;,icl, to be c1one by this departi11ent had incre~s~rl to .such an extent th,it' it was 'dee111ed necessary to apply 1.o the.Government for additional staff. 'ConsequenUy, an e~tra Sub-Assistant Surgeon was posted to this department on 17th :\larch 1947and provision made for lhe posting 'of an ~ddiffona1 nurse and a clerk. This mcrease in the volume of wo1:k \\:' as dqe to the requirement to examine all the crew and 1nssenge1s bf shi'ps pro1cee~ cling to India, prior to issue .)f Bill of Health. Bills of Health w~e issued to those ships from 8th February 1947. Before the 2nd W'or1a War, Bills of Health were not issued to any ship proceeding to 'India iii accordance with the agreement made with the Government of [ndia. Personally, I do not see any reason why this agreement should no.t b~ re\'ived in the spirit of Article 49 and Article 57 of the Internation~l Sanitary Convention of 1936, as amended. I have already acklr~sse~ the I)irector of Medical and Health Services on this subject under my letter No. 676/Main File of 4th August 1948.

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Jo APPENDICES' The department was still sorely handicapped for want of Clayton B fumigation Apparatus about which mention had already been made in the Annual Report of 1946. Cyanide fumigation of ships was out of question. It would be recalled that in 1939 a proposal was made to use cyanide as a fumigant ; but it was rejected on the ground that ships could not be left umttended at any time in a Port like Rangoon where the tides could be very strong. Consequently, 150 sets of sulphur trays were indented as an alterm tive and fumigation of ship with sulphur started from 21st August 1947. This method, however, had its own limitations and could not be employed for fumigating loaded ships and fortunately, during the year under report no exigency arose wherein the loaded ships were required to be fumigated. The Municipal Observation Hospital was not yet ready ; but informa tion was received that it was in the process of being rehabilitated. In the mean time, undiagnosed fever cases continued to go to their homes or destinations on their own undertakings. Two thresh disinfectors were received during the year and the Port Commissioners had kindly undertaken to convert them into portable disinfectors which could be used either in the Port Health Station or anywhere else. The Port Health Station had been repaired to a great extent and could be considered to be good enough to deal with all exigencies Inspection of ln-cominJ! Vessels.-In-coming vessels inspected. The total number of cargo and passenger vessels inspected in the year 1947 was 577 or 60 more than the year 1946 (1st February 1946 to 31st December 1946) Of these 292 were from Indian ports and 285 from Foreign ports. They carried 52,586 crew and 117,912 passengers, the figures being 1,841 less and 48,375 more, respectively, than those of the year 1946(1st February 1946 to 31st December 1946). In addition, a number of passengers totalling 5,667 from ports in Burma were examined in Rangoon. These passengers embarked at Arakan ports on vessels which were on their way to Rangoon fro:n lndian ports. Infectious Diseases.-Seven cases of infectious diseases were reported by Commanders on 6 vessels, viz., 2 cholera cases and 4 cases of ,chicken-pox and 1 case of sc.1rlet fever. All the c3.ses except the scarlet fever case which was allowed to proceed to his residence on the undertaking th1t proper preventive measures would be adopted, were sent to Contagious Diseases Hospital, Rangoon The following 17 unreported cases of infectious diseases were detected on 15 vessels by the Port Health Staff during the course of Medical Inspections Seven cases of chicken-pox, 8 Cases of measles, 1 c.\se of mumps and 1 case of parotitis All the case3 except the parotitis case were sent to Contagious Diseases Hospital, Rangoon

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A.PPE~DICES. 31 Two lepers were found during the inspection o.f passengers. Deaths vom non-infectious Diseases.-Fifteen such deaths w.eye, reported on eleven vessels. Vaccination Pe,forined.-The number of passengers examined under the Vaccination Act was 117,912. Of these 106,253 were found protected against small-pox and 11,659 were vaccinated. In addition, 84 vaccinations were. performed among the number of ships' crew. Disinfection .-Eighteen vessels and personnel effects of 528 crew and 853 passengers were disinfected by this department during the year. l
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32 APPENDICES. Vessel! in H arbour.-The following deaths and cases were reported on 3 vessels in harbour during the year under review :-One death from non-infectious disease, 1 case of measles and 1 case of mumps. Measles and mumps cases were sent to Contagious Diseases Hospital, Rangoon, and all necessary measures to combat the disease were taken by this department. Passe11[!.ers by SeaPlanes.-Two thousand and fifty-six in-coming passengers by seaphnes were examined during the year at the time of disembarkation. Besides them 7,358 through passengers were also examined. Miscellaneous Transaction and Remarks-Port Office Personuel.Eighty-six lighthouse men were examined, out of which 85 were passed fit and vaccinated and one rejected. Fumigation.-(a) Fumig~tion was done by sulphur trays as there was no fumigation apparatus. One vessel was granted Deratization Certificate after fumigation by means of sulphur trays Eight hundred and seven lbs. of sulphnr were burnt and a sum of Rs. 250 being fees for same was charged to the Agents. Eight rats were collected and destroyed after fumigation. (b) Thirty-five vessels applied for Deratization Exemption Certificate. After necessary inspection and trapping 25 vessels \\ere granted Deratization Exemption Certificates, 6 vessel:. were granted extension certificates and certificates were refused to -1vessels which were found to be infected with rodents and which were asked to get fumigated at their next ports of call where fumigation apparatus would be in use. Fees totalling Rs. 1,935 on account of inspection and trapping carded out on these vessels were charged to the Agents. No. c,f No. of Rats I Rats Rats Rats found Vessels. Traps. Collected. De~troy e d. Examined. infected with pla g u e 35 2,916 so I so Four launches belonging to Port Commissioners were fumigated by means of sulphur trays as the launches w~~e infected with rodenls. Non-infectious diseases _detected and reported were :-Non-infectious cases Non-infectious deaths 132 20 /n(lculations aJ!,ainst Ch()frra.~One, thousand one hundred and forty four persons we.re inoculated. against cholera during the year. Inoculation aj!,t~,ins t Plague:.:_;_ Thirty~nine persons were inoculated against plague during the year. : 1nsjectio11 of Provision for Lascar Crew.-During the yearonly 1 application was received from the Shipping Master for the inspection

PAGE 37

APPENDICES. 33 of provision for the crew of S.S. Empire Bul But After inspection samples of dhal and atta were taken from the ship and sent to Harcourt Butler Institute of Public H ea Ith, Rangoon, for analysis and report. As the samples were found unfit for human Consumption the Shipping Master was asked to take necessary action Port Commissioners Area-Sanitation.-The sanitation of the foreshore area of the Port and King's Bank Colony was looked after by the Port Health Officer, Rangoon The sanitation of the area on the whole was satisfactory The P.ort Health Officer was assisted by the following Sanitary Staff employed by Port Commissioners :-1. Sanitary Inspectors 2. Assistant Sanitary Inspector 3 Sub-Samtary Inspectors 4. Plumber 5. Sweeper Jamadars 6 Sweeper Maistries 7. Sweepers 2 1 2 1 2 8 126 Rattin;, and Trqpping .-The total number of rats destroyed by trapping during the year was 12,778. Cymag fumigation of Rats' B11rrvws.-Besides trapping cymag fumigation of rat burrows. in the area was carried out. A total of 2,770 burrows were gassed and 9,793 connecting holes were blocked The total number of rats destroyed and recovered by this method was 122. Smahing out of Rat Burrows .-A total of 18,372 rat holes were smoked. The number of rats destroyed and recovered by this method was 751. Poiso11inf!,. -Forty rats were collected by means of poisoned baits Eleven rats were killed by beating while they were running. Out of 13,702 rats caught during the year 11,908 were sent for examination The attached statement shows the species of rats examined. There was no plague infection amongst them except 1 doubtful case Extensive spraying of the Port Area by D.D.T. h1d to be discontinued as the price of D. D T. in kerosene is considered to be prohibitive. Suspension of D.D.T. or Gammexane in water is being experimented and it is hoped that cheap and effective substitute would be available in the near future. Inspection of Meat atl{i Food.-lnspection of imported food is done by the Municipal Health Department. In case where the consignment is not taken delivery of for some time and when there is doubt regarding its fitness for human consu:nption the Port Health Officer is requested by the Commissioners for the Port of Rangoon fo inspect and make recommendations regarding its disposal. A few such inspections were made by this department.

PAGE 38

34 ~PPENDICES Two thousand six hundred and. ninety Port Commissioners' staff were vaccinated against small-pox during the year. Establishment .-Dr. J. A. Ankleearia, M.B.E., K.-1.-H., M.B.,B.S D.P.H., D.T.M.&H Port Health Officer, proceeded on leave vreparatory to retirement on i2th March 1947 and I assumed charge of dutiell of the Port Health Officer on the same date. Dr. U Maung U, M.B ,B.S., D.P.H., Assistant Port Health Officer joined this Department on 21st March 1947. Dr. U Aung Than, Sub-Assistant Surgeon, was posted to this Department on 17th March 1947. Dr. U Lwin, Sub-Assistant Snrgeon, was transferred from this Dep:irtment on 22nd May 1947 Dr. U Po Myaing, Sub-Assistant Surgeon, who was posted to this Department on 7th July ~947 was transferred from here on 1st October 1947. BA MAUNG, M.B., B.S., D P.H., D:T.M.&H., Port Health Offcer, Rangoon.

PAGE 39

36 APPENDICES. TABLE No. !.-Details of In-coming Sea-toi11g From Indian Ports. Number of Passengers Months. No. of No. of Vessels. Crew. Male Female. Boys Girls. (lJ (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) 1947. January ... 32 4,367 12,379 1,036 483 395 February ... 19 2,342 13,915 1,092 520 380 March ... 23 3,031 9,851 1,130 442 368 April ... 29 3,445 11 693 1,648 668 529 May ... 28 2,792 7,870 1,427 559 496 June ... 24 2,861 9,100 1,504 675 497 July ... 22 2,298 5,005 862 408 273 Augu s t ... 22 1,766' 3,318 644 29 2 245 September ... 19 1,734 3,063 647 336 240 October ... 26 2,507 4,840 943 3 7 4 313 Nov~mbcr ... 23 2,261 3,7:28 676 301 229 December ... 25 2,450 4,350 628 258 213 -------------------Total ... 292 31,854 89,112 12,237 5,316 4,178

PAGE 40

:\PPENDICES; 37 Vessels insPected dttrin1< tl1e yea, 1947. I From Foreign Ports. Total. Number of Passengers. l No. d No. of No. of No. of Vessels Crew. Vessels Crew. Total. Male. Female. Boys. Girls. Total. (8) (9) (10) ( 11 l -1!..L (16 ) 117) 14,293 48 1,816 38 20 12 2 72 8 0 6,183 15 ,907 25 1.489 45 30 14 16 105 44 3,831 11,791 27 1,935 99 89 25 24 237 so 4,966 14,538 27 2,019 142 113 44 45 344 56 5,464 10,352 23 1,956 159 131 61 45 396 51 4,748 '11,776 24 2,319 1.245 704 383 212 2,544 48 5,180 6,548 27 2.476 208 176 63 47 494 49 4,774 4,499 23 2,262 1,03 5 651 257 184 2,127 45 4.028 4,286 11 844 94 57 32 16 19 9 30 2,578 6,470 20 1,729 89 76 21 20 206 46 4,236 I 4,934 14 891 18 8 26 ... 37 3,152 5 '449 16 996 164 871 38 30 319 41 3.446 I [ i --110,843 '. '285 20,732 j:36 i2,142 950. 641 7,069 ., s1~J 52,586 .. ---.. I . ... -

PAGE 41

38 A.PPJi:N:OICES. TABLE No. 1.-f?etails of, !n-coming Sea~Roin.g .. Continued, total number of passengers. Tota1 Months. Male. Female. Boys. Girls. Total. Crew. (l) (181 (19) (20) (21) (.Z2) (23) 1947. January ... 12,417 1,056 495 397 14,365 6,183 February ... 13,960 1,122 534 396 16,012 3,831 March ... 9,950 1,219 467 392 12,028 4,966 April ... 11,835 1,761 712 574 14,882 5,464 May ... 8,029 1,558 620 541 10,748 4,748 June ... 10,345 2,208 1,058 709 14,320 5,180 July ... s.213 I 1,038 471 320 7,042 4,774 Ai1gusl ... 4,353 1,295 549 429 6,626 4,028 September ... 3,157 704 368 256 4,485 2 578 I October ... 4,929 1,019 395 333 6,676 4,236 November ... 3,746 684 301 229 4,960 3,152 December ... 4.514 715 296 243 5,768 3,446 __ ..__ Total .... 92,448 14,379 6,266 ... 4,819 lf,912 52,586 J : ... -...

PAGE 42

APPENDICE~l; Vessds inspected d~~ing the year 1947-contd. Medical inspection and observation. Inspected. For Temperature. For vaccination Crew. I Pass enTested. Sick. .. Found I Vaccigers Found Vacciprotected. nated. protected nated. (24) (27) (29) (301 ---14,365 7 7 6,183 11,445 2,920 16,012 18 18 3,831 13,944 2,068 12,028 2 2 4,895 71 11,188 840 14,882 18 18 5,464 13,167 1,715 10,748 5 5 4,748 9,930 818 14,320 J 14 14 5,167 13 12,932 1,388 Vessels. (31) 1 3 4 2 1 1 7,042 9 9 4,774 6,550 "' \ 6,626 2 2 4,028 6,442 184 4 4,485 2 2 2,578 4,285 200 1 6,676 17 17 4,236 6,239 437 4,960 12 12 3,152 4,899 61 5,768 3 3 3,446 ... 5,232 536 1 ------------117,912 109 109 52,502 84 106,253 11,659 18 39 Disinfection. Effect of. Crew. Passengers. (33) --140 373 388 480 -----528 853 -

PAGE 43

40 APPENDICES. J T.ABLE No. 11.-Details of Out-going Sea-going Inspec Deck Pas!engers .; Months. c:; ci ... .. ... ... ;;,. (.) ~ QJ 0 ] .; iii .,; .. -;;;. ci "@ "8 ;,-, .. ... 0 c.3 0 z < ::>l "" ill E-< (1) (2) (3) (4) 15) (6) (7 ) __ (8_)_ .--To hoIAN PORTS 1947. January ... February ... JS l,635 8,246 1 104 493 388 10,231 I March 20 1,558 8,637 1,358 7()5 487 11.187 ; April ... 24 2,235 9,314 1,497 654 488 11,953, May ... 32 2,709 9 854 1,495 687 477 12,513 June ... 26 2,519 7.274 866 3~7 247 8,764 : July .,. 24 1,969 3,101 195 95 69 3,460 : ., ... I ; 21 1 506 136 32 August 2,841 6 0 3,069 ... Septem b e r ... 19 1,638 ~.30 0 473 104 110 4,987 .. October ... 24 tB23 ~.220 592 263 212 7,287 : .. November ... 27 2,069 5,096 561 244 2 f l 6,172 ; December 22 1,597 5,90 7 722 374 304 7,307 ... ----------Total ... 2541 21,258 70 ,790 8,999 4.056 3,085 86,930

PAGE 44

APPENDICES. Vessds inspected durinR the year 1947. lion. Saloon Passengers. ;;
PAGE 45

42 APPENDICES, TABLE No. iI.~Details of Out-going Sea-going -. .. Disease. Disposal I _. "CJ (U ..... i;:..; .... C.'l."t:: >< .. i:: ... .a 0. Months. ,,; ., i:: 0"' 0 "' ., 0. ., 0 :::, VJ-= "' (.!)3 'i,i::C: .,; I c= .a 0 ... I .. 0. u ., a 'bi)~ :t;:: 0 ,,. ...... 'E -~ .... e i:ci u ., ., -.. a~ i::i. > ,.c:: -0 ., ::l :E .., .... 15::c: ::l .. OQ::C: ...:i :g E-< C) (%. 0 ~> u (1) (22) _Q.?l_ (28) To INDIAN PORTS, 1947, January ... ... February ... .. .. ... .. March -2 2 April ... ... 1 2 1 M3y ... ... .. 2 1 2 June ... ... -... 3 July ... 1 l ... 4 1 Au1u1t ... ... .. 2 ... September ... ... .. 2 ... .. October -... ... ... ... .. No-.ember ... 1,. -1 -D 1cember -... ... ... 1 4 I 1 I I I l ; ; --Total ... 2 1 5 6 14 ... .. 7 I

PAGE 46

APPENDICES. 43 Vessels inspected during the year 1947-concld. Fumigation bv means of s ick. Disinfection. of Sulphur trays at agent's Vaccination. request I c; .; 'O .8 u u u 0 .~ .... .Oa .() 0 1:l "' 8 E c:: u .() Q o3u "' -o .... "' :, C) t=; r:Q ::i:i :> en .,: "' u c.. (29) (32\ (33 ) (35) 136) (37) "8) (40) ------lb. Rs. .. 2 8 1 26 3 43 1 4 18 2 1 807 250 35 2 ... 2 ... 4 .. I j --------------------11 10 ... ... 1 807 ... 250 ... 130 4

PAGE 47

44 APPENDICES. TABLE No. III.-Statement showing the lnfeclious and other Distases reported Diseases. mall-pox s C C M M L p holera hicken-pox easles umps eper neumonia ronchitls (1) rdinary deaths rdinary illness B 0 0 D G iseases of T B. Lungs astritis earl failure H p arotitls B. Diarrhcea carlet fever T s L R abour Pneumonia ecket fever -------Total ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Sea-going. Cases. .; .; u, u,, ., -d :> 2 0 ... rt 0 0 c 0.. ., z t"'1 ::i:: (2) (3) (4) ----1 2 2 11 11 4 6 8 1 1 1 2 2 4 4 1 1 1 3 4 4 43 104 8 1 1 1 4 5 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1-1 1 1 1 1 I I -------------79 148 32 Riverine. Imports. .; .; .:; .; u, u, "' "' -d ., ., <) ;> ;:,, "ti 0 .; 0 .,; ., QJ 0 u, ci II) "' .. "' Cl z '..) z (.) (5) (6) (7) (9) 1 2 1 1 7 ... 8 1 l 1 3 3 1 1 2 4 4 1 l 96 ... ... 1 1 ... 1 ... ... 1 ----------116 10 11 3 3

PAGE 48

APPENDICES. and detected on In-co111ing Sea-f!,oing and Rive1ine Vessels auring t/u 11eai 1947. 2 3 11 9 5 1 Disposal of cases. Hospitals. C V 0 u c...: 5 =--~ ti ..... C (I", C.. en 4-1 ~i i j j 112) (13) (14) 115) (16) ---~---2 2 97 1 1 4 !l .... 0 , a .0 0 "O 0 "C Cl) "4 .!:! ;::: a ... 0 ::, c,: ::, i::o ;:o t"' (20) (2i) (22\ (23) 4 4 4 4 1 9 1 5 5 1 45 .,; .-'< .... c,: E ., 0:. (24) 33 ------. --------------------2 ... 103 142 15 1 JO

PAGE 49

46 APPENDICES. TABLE No. 11.-D~tails of otti.!,oing sea-going Ins pee Deck passengers "' 3 l\fonths. .; "' 0 "' .... (l) C) > ..; ..... -;:; ai 0 "' "' E s "' 0 ;;; "' ... 0 39 478 -Total ... 305 13,995 1,302 396 417 229 2,344

PAGE 50

APPENDICES. 47 vessels inspect,d durin.f!. the year 1947. tion. Result of Inspection. S::iloon passengers. Temper::iture. .:Z '" C:: i... ~en '" -~ 'v 0 O O 1G Q) .... .:; 0 'cl)"i:i C: () ... u C: C: ;;; C: 0 C: -"' .; "' .,; ~" bi) "v~ E~ 'v () ~ "O '" 0. '" <:.i..!: "' t:: 6 , .:: 0 "''Cl b.() "' ... -'Cl u O' "' Q) 0 i:3 ~@ c1 0 "' rr.l ll. E-< E-< z :;j: c: .... ., u ""' .... (9) -~ ..Q!l_ (13) (14) (15) (161 (181 (19) (20) --387 25 12 4 I 42 1 1 130 771 101 60 12 15 188 486 21 17 9 8 55 303 107 67 15 10 199 475 114 58 13 10 195 264 53 33 7 5 98 ... 255 50 33 7 8 98 207 87 47 7 1 1421 2 1 1 I 325 99 69 14 12 194 I I I 332 71 51 15 10 147 307 60 59 19 15 153 1 .. --------------1----4,242 788 506 122 95 1,511 ... 3 .. 1 3

PAGE 51

APPENDICES. TABLE II.-Details of o ut-going vessels i D i s eases. D is posal of S ic k. ... co :E .:; c:: "' ... "' 0 "' V, "' ... ]~ ..; c:: .D -UJ onths u 0, 0 e1 b n 0 'O C;) 8 "" c:: -C: uo 0.. 'O
PAGE 52

APPENDICES. 49. inspected during the year 1947-contcl. Disinfection. Fumigatfon by means of sulphur I Vacc i nation. trays at Agent's req uest. ..>: .; I 'O u ui "' "' "' -~ -~ 'O _g 0 ea c= "' 0 C: "' tn "'!" u .... .... I--'O <1) u <1) I <1) u <1) C bi) tn I-., c::. .... tn b ~ Oil '" ::l 8 U> C <> C 0 -OI ui .; ::l ., :i tj V U> bi) .c ::l "' "'"' 0 bi) o~._ "' M 6 i:: 'u <1) "' .r. 0 '" 0 "' -C: .... a: "'"' ::l 0 b C < 0. c:'.l ;;. (/) u < '" u .:,.. (30) (31) (33) (36) (37) (38 ) ( 39) One vessel 80 2 82 crews and their effects. ... I 30 39 73 I -----------------------------------1---... 80 144

PAGE 53

50 APPENDICES. Statement showing the flyi11{! boats passen/!,ers inspected by the Flying Passengers disembarked at Rangoon Boats. from Indian Ports. from Foreign Ports. E. W. Months B. I G. ---M. F. Total. M. F. B. G. Tut al. B. B. / ; (1) (21 (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) ~(9) (10) (11) (12) 113) -----January ... 21 21 6.9 7 ... .... 76 124 12. .. 1 137 February ... 18 18 60 l ... .. 62 78 2 ... ... 80 March ... 19 19 46 7 1 ... 54 70 4 ... ... 74 April ... 18 17 67 9 t ... ... 76 69 1 .. ... 70 May ... 20 19 57 16 ... 1 74 65 5 ... .. 70 June ... 22 23 103 9 ... .. 112 58 11 1 ... 70 July ... 26 26 64 11 ... 2 77 83 17 1 2 103 ... August ... 26 25 ~8 5 ... l 54 80 11 .. 2 93 September 26 25 46 8 1 ... .. 55 104 10 1 ... 115 October ... 26 l9 62 3 ... .. 65 161 19 1 2 183 -.. ~-.. .. November ... 28 25 40 7 ... 1 48 99 31 2 3 135 December ... 27 27 20 5 ... 1 26 127 19 1 ... 147 / I I l ... J227 274. ------------------Total 682 89 2 6 779 1,118 142 7 10 1,277

PAGE 54

APPENDICES. 51 Port Health Depart111ent, Ra11goon, during the year 1947. Through Passengers Total number of Passengers examined. examined. Action taken. M. F. B. G. Total. M. F. B G. Total. .. -1!.:L (15) (16) (19) (20) (211 (23) 124) -----I 461 140 5 6061 654 159 6 819 390 118 1 511 530 122 1 653 425 169 5 4 co3 541 180 t 4 731 376 116 2 4 498 512 126 2 4 644 407 182 1 6 596 I 529 203 l 7 740 422 153 1 2 578 583 173 2 2 760 418 174 5 4 601 565 202 6 8 781 548 153 6 6 713 676 169 6 9 860 ; I : 480 162 6 10 658 630 180 8 10 828 ; 477 166 s 2 650 700 188 6 4 898 I 502 150 1 653 641 188 2 5 836 I 481 198 4 8 691 628 222 5 9 864 : I "' ---------------------------5,389 1,881 35 53 7,358 7,189 2,112 44 69 9,414

PAGE 55

52 Statement showing the number of rats catt.f{ht and the number Of the total Number of Number Months. rats caught of rats and examined. l\'esokia R, Norvidestroyed. Bengalensio. gicus. (1) (2) (3) .(4) (5) January 849 739 472 February 923 606 365 March. ... 1,046 974 711 April ... 1,318 921 769 4 May ... !,260 990 772 1 June ... 1,252 976 659 8 July ... 1,372 1,333 1,010 6 August ... 1,573 1,528 1,158 55 September ... 1,222 1,114 783 38 October ... 1,082 975 714 35 November ... 983 956 725 34 December ... 822 796 648 13 ------'f'otal for the year 1947 ... 13,702 J 1,908 8,786 194

PAGE 56

53 examined for B. Pestis in the Port of Ran,!oon durinf!. the year 1947. examined. Number Remarks as to the number of rat found traps laid, the number caught, Rattus Mus ConMus C Coepositive for nature of baits u s ed etc. Rattus. col or. Muse. rulia. B. Pestis. (6) (7) 18) (9) 110) (11) 79 49 139 Nil 83,189 traps set during the year. Baits used-65 52 124 1 Cheese: 7 months. (cloubtfol). (April to Odobe r 19471. 70 91 102 Nil I Hre a d : 5 months. (January, ~" Fc.,b!uary, March November and December). 29 25 94 Nil Trapping 12,778 Smoking 751 44 24 139 Nil C. Fumigation -122 58 32 219 Nil P. Baits 40 43 I 75 199 Nil Beaten 11 75 85 !SS Nil Total 13,702 121 90 82 Nil 102 54 70 Nil 77 73 13 34 Nil 47 27 15 46 Nil --------,-1--------------------687 810 28 1,403 1 (doubtful).

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54 VITAL ANNUAL STATEMENT No. !.-Deaths 1egistered according to Ages and Sexes in the -1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Under t 1,e:ar. 1 year and s"'and under 1.0. 10 and under 15. 15 and under 20. under 5. Ko. DiYisions and Towns. Males. Females i\[ales. Females Male s. Females Males. Females Male s. Females. --------. -----ARAKAN DIVISION 1 Akyab ... 9 5 1 2 l 3 1 1 2 4 PEGU DIVISION. 2 Rangoon ... 2,400 1,979 860 897 275 254 119 98 147 154 3 Pegu ... 112 83 37 32 12 16 12 9 17 11 4 Letpac\an ... 44 29 15 9 4 7 3 3 8 5 5 Syriam .. 66 54 23 10 10 7 5 5 4 1l 6 Insein-... 83 (Jl 40 53 12 20 9 10 12 13 7 Prcnue ... 57 37 36 34 7 12 11 4 11 11 8 Paungde 28 19 14 18 10 8 1 3 4 4 IRRAWADDY DIVISION. 9 Bassein ... 348 277 78 74 43 51 21 15 18 19 10 Henzacia ... 198 196 54 70 27 17 5 9 16 15 ll P}'apon ... 27 24 17 12 7 7 7 11 15 7 12 .Ky:iiklat ... 68 81 35 59 25 19 7 8 14 10 TENASSERIM DIVISION. 13 Thaton ... 89 77 60 60 21 26 11 9 7 8 14 M\-loulmein ... 267 211 177 167 57 84 35 21 16 30 15 Tavoy I ... 20 11 27 34 21 24 17 12 12 5 16 Mergui ... 170 143 37 56 23 18 6 8 12 7 17 Toungoo ... 34 26 2~ 20 15 7 5 6 10 6 MAGWE DIVISION. 18 Allanmyo ... 50 34 33 30 11 25 5 6 4 6 19 Yenangyaung ... 81 89 35 35 15 7 8 9 9 16 20 Chauk ... 49 30 27 32 12 17 4 5 2 6 21 Pakokku ... 183 174 74 85 25 29 16 14 15 22 MANDALAY DIVISION. 22 Mandalay ... 1,041 873 248 238 71 81 61 61 73 61 23 Maymyo ... 87 70 39 26 6 11 3 7 i 11 24 Myingyan ... 152 150 65 67 9 16 9 11 11 8 25 Pyinmana .. 125 106 29 3i 22 16 7 17 13 11 SAGAING DIVISION. 26 Shwebo ... 40 42 5 9 10 9 10 11 11 11 27 Sagaing ... 78 68 20 22 14 6 11 3 1 7 28 Monywa ... 73 67 43 29 14 10 8 10 8 13 -----------------------Total of Towns, 5,979 5,046 2,152 2,210 779 807 417 386 479 492 Burm'a. ---------------------Total, Population 10,332 10,564 40,261 40,785 51,779 48,179 54,045 46,734 72,223 46,696 -------------------~Ratio per 1,000 578"69 477"65 53"45 living. 54"43 15"04 16"75 7"71 8 "26 6"63 10'54

PAGE 58

STATISTICS. SS Towns of Burma havinP. a popuation of 10,000 and above, d-urin}! the yea r 1947. 8 9 10 11 12 13 1 -20 and uoder 30. 30 and under 40 40 and ,111c1er 50. 50 a n d u nclc.T 60. 60 and upwards Total { all ages). Males. / Females. No. i\lales Females. Males. Ft:mal, !s. Males. Femalt!s. Maks. Females )[ales. Females ---------------------------15 17 12 10 26 7 17 16 12 100 64 1 i. 638 531 863 SOS 864 408 682 333 956 694 7,804 5,853 2 72 45 64 47 75 28 54 27 75 52 530 350 3 15 8 19 11 16 11 12 9 18 17 154 109 4 27 27 24 19 27 14 27 11 22 '27 235 185 5 32 21 45 25. 40 22 22 10 41 28 336 293 6 44 24 30 30 47 21 21 20 31 35 295 228 7 21 15 29 23 36 22 18 14 35 42 1 96 168 8 49 77 59 83 113 59 77 37 134 97 940 789 9 34 38 45 33 30 20 36 29 69 79 514 506 10 28 8 ?8 14 27 8 J8 12 42 30 216 133 11 34 27 34 21 36 2d 24 26 52 27 I 329 306 12 I 27 39 37 31 44 26 23 22 67 481 386 346 13 127 124 140 107 107 71 91 57 159 121 I 1,176 993 14 33 30 48 45 57 40 37 33 68 76 340 310 15 28 30 39 33 44 23 30 15 49 34 438 366 16 25 15 38 18 37 20 24 12 33 33 244 163 17 18 23 13 11 14 12 11 10 28 27 187 184 18 3 1 18 37 21 33 18 29 12 37 30 315 255 19 14 21 14 18 15 12 13 7 17 21 167 169 20 36 34 5 1 33 45 32 34 2 2 37 51 516 496 21 212 154 183 138 168 132 151 105 229 276 2,437 2,119 22 35 21 38 23 18 14 27 13 32 22 292 218 23 46 20 47 25 44 18 33 21 32 41 443 377 24 34 35 36 33 28 28 24 21 31 35 349 333 25 12 15 15 16 14 16 16 15 7 8 140 1,2 26 21 7 29 14 25 13 26 14 33 26 258 180 27 22 25 16 27 25 14 17 12 29 32 255 239 28 --------------------------1,730 1,449 2,033 1,414 2,055 1,137 1,594 922 2,379 2,021 19,597 15,884 -----------------------------17 9,693 89,590 136,649 63,597 73,440 41,275 34,964 26,482 21,177 21,581 674,563 435,413 ----.--------------___. --9 '62 16'17 14 22'26 27 27 45 34'82 109'24 93'65 29'05 36'48

PAGE 59

56 s erial No. 1) 1 I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Hi 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 VITAL SUPPLEMENTARY ANNUAL STATEMENT No. IA.-GivinJI the Details of of 10,000 and above Not exceeding one month. Male. Female. D i visions and Towns. Total of Under Over Under Over Columns one one Total. one one Total. 5 and 8. week. week. week. week. (2) "(3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (~) (g) ---ARAKAN DIVISION. Akyab ... 2 1 3 2 .. 2 5 PEGU DrvISIO.N. Rangoon ... 645 378 1,023 469 319 788 1,811 Pegu ... 24 8 32 12 9 21 53 Letpadan ... 5 8 13 5 4 9 22 Syriam 16 9 25 17 6 23 48 Insein ... 19 10 29 24 7 31 _I':',. 60 Pro me ... 9 ... 9 8 2 10 19 Paungde ... 3 3 ... .. ... 3 IRRAWADDY DIVISION. Bassein ... ... 76 26 102 63 23 86 188 Henzada ... ... 42 13 55 37 8 45 100 Pyapon ... .. 1 2 3 1 ... 1 4 Kyaiklat ... ... 18 6 24 19 9 28 52 TE~ASSERIM DIVISION. That on ... 17 9 26 14 6 20 46 Moulmein ... 76 32 108 60 34 9~ 202 Tavoy ... ... ... .. .. 1 1 1 Mergui ... 19 34 53 14 26 40 93 Toungoo ... 5 1 6 4 4 8 14 MAGWE DIVISION. Allanmyo ... ... 5 4 9 4 2 6 15 Yenangyaung ... 14 7 21 12 6 18 39 Chauk ... .. 2 4 6 2 -2 8 Pak6kku ... ... 32 17 49 26 18 44 93 MANDALAY DIVISION. Mandalay ... 355 127 _482 250 114 364 846 Maymyo ... 12 12 24 27 10 37 61 Myingyan ... 29 12 41 30 JO 40 81 Pyinmana ... 22 9 31 23 3 26 57 SAGAING DIVISION. Shwebo ... 10 9 19 8 11 19 38 Sagaing ... 14 7 :Zl 11 4 15 36 Monywa ... 14 5 19 17 3 20 39 ---Total o,f Towns, Burma ... 1,483 753 2.236 l,159 639 1,798 4,034 ---------__.. Ratio per mille of births for la2t 3 columns only.

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STATISTICS. Deaths by A Res and Se.1:es under one year in the Towns lzav111g a population durin{! the year 1947. Over one month and not I O\er six months and not exceeding six months. exce.eclin~ twelve months -----------Total Male. Total Female, Total. colt1ms 5 columns 8, !Oand 13. 11 and 14. Male. Female Total. Male. Female. Total. (10) (11) ( 12) (!3) (14) (15) ( 16) (t7) t18) 6 1 7 ... 2 2 9 5 14 1,044 876 1,920 333 315 648 2,400 1,979 4,379 63 50 113 17 12 29 112 83 195 20 12 32 11 8 19 44 29 73 30 23 53 11 8 19 66 54 120 38 36 74 16 24 40 83 91 174 30 15 45 18 12 30 57 37 94 14 12 26 11 7 18 28 19 47 200 157 357 46 34 80 348 277 625 107 110 217 36 41 77 198 196 39t 22 15 37 2 8 10 27 24 51 34 34 68 10 19 29 6~ 81 149 49 40 89 14 17 31 89 77 166 110 70 180 49 47 96 267 211 478 13 5 18 7 5 12 20 11 31 99 82 131 18 21 39 170 143 313 22 9 31 6 9 15 34 26 60 29 20 49 12 8 20 so 34 84 42 54 96 18 17 35 81 89 170 19 17 36 24 11 35 '49 30 79 84 79 163 50 51 101 183 174 357 I, 421 357 778 138 152 290 1,041 873 1,91-1 47 17 64 16 16 32 87 70 157 70 70 140 41 40 Si 152 150 302 71 72 143 23 8 31 125 106 231 9 9 18 12 14 26 40 42 82 48 45 93 9 8 17 78 68 146 44 32 76 10 15 25' 73 67 140 --------------------------2,785 2,319 5,104 958 929 1,887 5,979 5,046 11,025 ----------------, 316'88 285'22 301"48 57 No. (1) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Z5 26 27 28

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5 8 VITAL. ANNUAL STAT E M E N T No. II-A.-Bir lhs and Death s r ef!.istered f rom 1 2 3 4 s 6 7 8 9 10 ---------Births. "' .., B l 't ---"' Suici de. ;;; i:i ---" "" 5l No. DiYisi o n s a n d Towns. ~ -; i:i ] v t t e 0 .8 .; E v .s: v 5. .. :g ii, ~ ci E 0 E i ;; >, 0 _::;:_ ,::; .c a:; A ::;: ::,. u r,. I>: -----------ARA KAN DIVI S ION. 1 A kyab ... 38,09 4 17 2 1 6 2 3 34 8 77 ... ... ... 1 9 11 43 .. ... 2 Kyaukpyu ... 4, 232 93 9 2 185 43' 7 1 ... ... ... 18 5 1 2 .. .. 3 S,111cloway ... 4 0 70 7 2 64 136 33 42 .. ... ... 11 2 1 0 ... .. PEGU DIV ISION. 4 H a n goon ... 398,967 7,130 6 ,82 0 13,9 5 0 34'9 6 4 62 6 12 5 78 5 6 4 3 ,457 7 z 5 Pegu ... 2 1.626 3 8 2 32 9 711 3 2'88 9 .. 100 14 63 .. 6 Nyaunglebin ... 7,7 9 0 16 6 143 30 9 3 9 '67 5 ... ... 21 5 1 3 ... .. 7 T h arra w a d d y ... 7,13 1 12 4 100 224 31H ... .. 2 1 6 6 13 ... ... 8 Tho nze ... 7 ,962 1 5 4 141 2 95 37 05 .. ... 5 2 7 7 26 .. 9 Zigon 6,3 6 5 1 2 1 111 232 36'4 5 ... ... .. 3 0 9 31 1 1 10 Lelpadan ... 12,1 6 0 131 1 5 2 2 8 3 31' 50 8 2 40 21 2 0 ... .. 11 Gyobingauk 7 ,675 120 102 222 23 3 ... 3 ... 51 7 15 ... .. 1 2 JHinhla ... 4,4 1 3 8 5 78 16 3 36'94 ... 7 16 5 7 ... 1 3 Nattalin ... 5,6 3 3 78 68 14 6 25 2 .. 1 8 11 1 14 ... 14 S y ri a m ... 15,070 3 6 0 3 6 7 727 48 24 ... 4 45 20 6 9 ... 15 Thongwa ... 8 9 7 6 115 115 2 30 25"62 ... .. 3 20 2 0 61 ... 16 Insein ... 2 0.4 87 32 3 301 624 30"46 .. 6 99 67 94 .. .. 1 7 Thamaing ... 5,645 9 9 7 8 177 3 1 "36 .. 2 ... 5 5 .. 5 .. .. 1 8 Kamayut 7 256 192 163 355 48'92 ... 2 137 7 l'i ... .. 1 9 T h i n gangyun ... 7, 9 84 135 121 256 32 06 ... 1 .. 8 3 1 6 . 20 K a n be ... 6 ,57 5 1 5 7 138 295 44 87 ... 2 .. 103 2 3 1 . 21 P r o m e ... 28 295 24 5 206 451 1s94 ... 7 3 120 10 35 .. .. 22 S h w edaung ... li,408 8 8 6 H 156 18 55 1 1 4 60 5 . .. 2 3 P aung d e 13, 4 79 133 118 251 H!'62 1 9 5 87 6 80 1 2 4 T o nngoo 23,223 2-,., 2 92 54 4 23"43 7 57 1 6 59 ... :,_ ... .. .. 2 5 Shwegyin ... 5,8 76 76 82 1 5 8 2 6' 89 .. ... ... 42 10 10 .. .. 2 6 P y u ... 7,8 07 214 221 435 55 72 .. ... 1 53 8 40 ... lRRAW ADDY DIVISION 2 7 Bassei n ... 4 5,6 6 2 1,0 0 3 945 1,948 4 2' 66 ... 2 182 131 332 .. 28 Ngath a inggy aung ... 5,3h0 120 134 254 47 21 ... ... 5 2 6 12 1 .. 2 9 Kyonpyaw 5,866 122 117 239 40 7 4 .. ... 52 4 16 . .. 30 H e nzada ... 28 54 2 4 6 2 469 931 32 62 ... 2 1 131 25 1 3 9 .. ... 31 Myan aung ... 9 072 137 93 2 3 0 25 . .. 2 4 40 5 47 1 .. 32 Kyan gin ... 6,78 0 76 51 127 18 73 ... ... 1 8 23 1 16 .. .. 33 Myaung m y a ... 7,93 3 237 223 460 57 99 5 7 79 20 73 34 W a k ema ... 9, 3 5 9 123 112 235 25'11 ... ... 14 190 10 23 2 35 M oulmeingyun ... 7 7 4 7 183 152 33 5 43'24 ... 3 3 157 23 47 ... .. 36 Maubin ... 8,8 9 7 226 205 4,1 4 8 4 .. ... 164 5 13 . .. 37 Yandoon ... 9,925 130 131 261 26 3 0 . 1 25 11 67 1 1 38 Danubyu ... 6 3 3 4 150 154 304 47 9 9 ... 21 86 19 21 3 .. 3 9 Pyapo n ... 12,338 225 19 6 421 34 2 .. 1 40 21 36 1 1 40 K y a iklat ... 10 658 200 196 396 37"1 6 34 10 174 31 73 . T ENASSERIM D IVISION. 41 That o n ... 16,851 442 382 824 48'9 o .. 14 6 212 11\ 80 1 .. 42 K yaikto ... 6 611 112 81 193 29 19 1 ... 52 6 10 . 43 M oulmein ... 65,506 1,028 9 2 2 1,950 29 7 7 so 12 ... 202 1131 459 ... ..

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STATISTICS. 59 dtf!erent causes in the Towns of Burma duriuf!. theyeai1947. 11 12 13 14 -------_ -------------------------1--Injuries Ratio of Deaths per 1,000 population. ----7 ... 1 9 ........ 8 9 7 83 51 31 164 95 oso 0 1"13 0 2s 4 4 1'18 2'84 2'13 12 22'45 1 2 3 6 ... ... 1 61 414 6 .. 5 434 7,982 13,657 134 ... 2 136 558 880 61 ... ... ... 61 154 259 10 .. .. .. 10 109 156 4 ... ... ... 4 99 168 S 2 ... ... 9 110 189 30 2 .. 3 2 140 263 13 6 ... ... 19 159 254 2 1 ... ... 3 44 82 2 1 ... ... 3 57 95 26 1 ... 27 255 420 4 ... ... 4 84 192 22 ... ... .. 22 341 628 1 ... ... ... I 200 236 3 1 ... 4 3W SOS 3 3 ... ... 6 338 435 3 ... ... ... 4 246 360 40 .. .. 1 41 307 523 4 ... .. ... 4 68 158 27 2 ... ... 30 146 3M 30 1 ... ... 31 237 407 S ... ... .. 5 38 105 51 1 ... ... 52 124 278 26 ......... 26 1,056 29 1 ... 1 32 144 3 ... ... ... 3 101 9 1 ... 1 11 711 15 ... ... ... 16 97 4 .. ... ... 4 51 7 ... ... ... 7 295 34 ... .. 36 182 44 ......... 44 304 25 ... ... ... 25 175 29 ... ... ... 31 243 1,729 246 176 1,020 229 113 486 455 581 382 378 2'70 0 49 2'46 1 '72' 7'62 14 0 1 0 1 ... 0'42 ... 4'62 0'64 ... ... 2'70 ... ... 0 2 ... ... 0 3 39 ... ... 4 ... 0'66 0'1(, 3 ... 0 ... 6'64 ... ... 1'59 3 63 ... 0 1'42 1 ... 0, ... 2 .. 0 2 ... 0 ... 4'83 ... 0 ... 9 1 0'65 0 64 0'84 0 '88 l '41 1'73 0 1 13 0s 1'33 2 3'27 1 20 34'23 6 2sso 40 .. 7'83 19'77 33 .. 1 s 29 21'88 .. 0 12 21 10 .. 1 17'28 29'69 .. 2'63 11'51 21'63 .. 2'48 20'72 33 .. 0 9'97 18s [ .. ()'53 10 12 16 .. 1'79 16'92 27'871 .. 0 9 21'39 1 16'64 30'70 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 ... 0'28 ... 18'88 ... 0 ... 10'40 0'96 0 0'30 0'35 oS9 0'45 0'69 1 i o2 8'66 2 1'67 1s2' 3'27 4s7 1'64 1: 1 591 2 4'58. 6'80 41 0/ 2 0 0'46 1 1'78 5 2 1 s 12 0'18 35 46'59 oss 46'86 69'60 0'75 42'33 54'4li 0'61 3741 54 1 '45 10 1s'4s 0'48 8'09 18'791 2 10'83 27'00 ; 1 10'21 17' 53 oss 6 17'87 6'66 15'88 35'61 ... 18 ... 19 ... 0'30 .. 15'67 ... 0 o 11 4 o 12 0 0'48 7'14 oo7 o 0 6'45 0 ... 2'45 ... 7 ... .. 0 6'79 ... 0 3 2 87 7 o 23 37 ... ... 9'67 1 2 5 26'77 45 ... ... 8'S6 0 2 0 1n2 30 o.07 0 4 0 4 87 0 24 3s ... 2 4 0 s 1 10 25 ... 2'65 3 0 15 2 0 7 16 o 63 0 9'96 2s2 9 0 37 61 ... 1so 20 1 2 3 19 4s 0 0 20 2 6o7 5s 39 75oo ... 18'43 0'56 1'46 2'81 19'67 42'94 ... 0 2 -1' 11 6 75 3 12 24 38 I 20 ... 21 ... 22 ... 23 ... 24 ... 25 ... 26 3 ... ... 1 7 155 49 3 ...... 54 195 309 ... 349 0 ... 3 13'58 3 00 3'32 1'11 24'47 48'78 .. oos 3 1 2 4'38 15 2s ... 27 ... 28 ... 29 ... 30 ... 31 ... 32 .... 33 .. 34 ... 35 ... 36 ... 37 ... 38 ... 39 .. 40 53 1 ... ... 54 259 635 3'19 0'94 16'33 2 6'85 5 24 30 59'58 24 ..... 7 1 .. 63 2 .. 25 384 732 ... 0 o 12 oS 4 1 22'79 43'44 1 9 191 269 0 .. 7 0 1s1 1 2s 40 ... 65 1,268 2,169 0'76 0'18 ... 3'08 1 7'01 0'99 19'36 33 5 41 42 ... 43

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60 VITAL ANNUAL STATEMENT No. 11-A.-Births and Deaths regist ered from 1 I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -------Births. "' "' cl t ., "' ~ i a g C f;i .,, i:l N o. Di\"isions and Towns. 2 C "' .2 i t e: 0 -;. .; E 0 e ;;; .,. .; -,_; 11 :i .; =e "' ~ 0. 3 E 0 .. :> 0 ~ -0 iii .c E -p.. '"' '"'-(.) en p;; A Suicirle. -------------------TENASSERIM DIVISION. -co11cld. 44 Kawkareik 6,575 175 160 335 50 . ... 73 4 2 45 Tavoy ... 29,018 390 325 715 24"64 ... .. ... 371 16 32 46 Mergui ... 20,405 327 294 621 30'43 ... .. ... 251 ]O 41 I. ... I ... MAGWE DIVISION. 47 Thayetmyo ... 9,279 144 117 261 28'13 .. 191 3 70 3 14 48 Allanmyo ... 12,511 238 194 4321 3453 25 5 35 32 83 49 Minbu ... 6,005 119 108 227 37'8 0 ... ... .. 29 5 6 50 Salin ... 6,654 86 91 177 2 6'60 ... 13 50 14 2; 51 Magwe ... 8,209 114 107 221 26'92 ... .. 4 29 9 15 52 Taungdwingyi ... 8,339 216 197 413 49 .. ... 5 85 14 103 53 Yenangyaung ... 11,098 191 236 427 38'48 6 16 61 3 1 71 54 Chauk ... 12,830 58 64 122 9 .. 1 2 101 13 10 55 Pakokku ... 23,115 383 326 709 30'67 ... 20 222 54 111 1 ... MANDALAY DIVISION. 56 Mandalay 134,950 3,152 2,822 5,974 44 27 .. 16 21 692 155 741 57 Maymyo ... 16,586 429 376 805 48'53 ... ... 1 57 35 130 58 Myitngt: ... 5,682 52 38 90 15'84 ... ... 12 7 59 Kyaukse ... 7,353 69 63 132 1795 1 19 53 .. 3 60 Meiktila 8,830 88 83 171 197 ... .. 25 5 64 5 61 Myingyan ... 25,457 348 355 703 27'62 ... .. 4 37 29 219 62 NyaungU ... 8,118 51 46 97 11"95 .. ... 18 30 6 21 63 Yamethin ... 9,291 94 94 188 2023 ... ... 28 16 26 64 Pyinmana ... 17,656 275 260 535 30 '30 .. 17 29 82 19 60 65 Pyawbwe 5.783 110 102 212 36'66 ... 1 17 5 SAGAING DIVISION. 66 Shwebo ... 11,286 198 219 417 36 '95 . .. 18 54 2 s 67 Ye-C ... 3,739 73 66 139 37'18 .. ... 34 4 4 68 Sagaing ... [4,127 177 148 325 23 .. ... 10 43 13 83 69 Myinmu ... 5,072 95 103 198 39'04 ... .. 10 15 7 13 70 Monywa ... 10,800 214 215 429 39 ... 17 87 18 61 1 .. 1 ----------------

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STATISTICS. 61 tlifjerent causes in the Towns of Burma durinf!. the year 1947-concld. -----.----:----;----------------------___ 11 _____ ,_::_l __ 1_3_1 ___________ 14 ___________ 1 1 ---,--,---,R-at_io_o_fD_e_a_th_s_pe_r_1._oo_o_po_p_u1_at_io_n_. -~---~/~ ---i I i I njuric s I O l ~ C-:: .5.; >1i f ]~ 1 fil C :: 1s~ w ~; 1:3:g ~o I I i I I 1 31 ..... 9 ..... 451 ..... 5 159 ... 11 220 1 47 455 243 650 ... 804 I I j 1 o i 1 . 11 288 580 ... 7! .. .. 1 8 18 3 371 ... 1 .. I 71 112 .. 4 1 .. ... 6 104 214 .. 3 1 .. 1 5 104 164 .. 21 2 2 25 153 385 .. I 38 l .. 39 346 570 ... 9 4 1 I 4 195 33b 12 I .. 1 15 590 1,012 ... I ., .. I ~-: ::. ::: I 19 .. :: : .. ~:11 l : : : I 3 .. 5 112 2,819 1 46 241 ... 13 1 19 1 9~ l 2 3 52 95 441 131 42 l 35 .. .. l 1 37 11 ... .. .. 11 436 129 4,556 510 32 129 208 852 208 ... 115 682 163 Q t ] g From au causes, 11 !O 0'61 0'30 0'76 24"18 36'96 ... 12 o ss no ok 7 s~ 22'40 12 0'49 2 01 2 22'3C 39'40 ... 44 ... 45 ... 46 '.l0' 58 0 7 2 0-40 2'80 ... .. 4'83 1 7 0 49 3 ... 0"60 10 0 1 5 0 08 o 16 7s7 I ,s, %0 0 0"16 .. 0 06 0 2 0"96 0'16 2'22 3 1"64 0'17 5 3'44 2'11 7 2'83 1'45 3 1 '72 4 2 94 0 1 51 2"56 6 "63 O'l:l3 1 00 2"10 4"06 1 1s8 1 '68 12"35 2 9 6'40 1 0'78 2 4'80 1"15 2 l 0-57 1 0 1 5'49 7'84 1 23 0'41 7"25 8 60 2 59 2 80 3"40 0'86 1 31' 04 62"51 0 14 63 29 65 .. o 17 11 82 18 65 0 15'63 32 16 0"61 12'67 19"98 3 18"35 46 "17 3 31'18 51"36 1 09 1s 20 26 0"65 2552 43 "78 0"83 20'89 33 76 2 14 30'75 .. 2 29 5'63 o 14 7 07 17' 54 2"15 10'76 23' 56 3 17" 32 32'4 l 0 16 25t2 0 4 '52 12"38 2"10 24"81 38"63 1 2231 28 47 48 49 so 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 14 .... 14 1991 292 1 4"78 0 0 1 24 17 63 25 ... 66 ... .. . ... 57 108 ... .. 2 9 1 07 1 1s24 28 ... 67 59 ... 60 229 438 ... ... 0 3 0 ss 4 16 31 oo ... 68 10-l ... 12 88 145 ... 1 97 2'96 1"38 2 56 2 17 28 ... 69 14 1 1 16 295 494 ... 1 so6 1 5 1 27 31 45-74 .. 7o 1.8981:~ 1 31 ;3~ 26,249 45,566 0 73 0 4"61 1"28 55~ 1 18' 92 32"84 ---9 ... .. .. 9 36 9 ... .. .. 9 59 1 ... ... 1 30 8 .. e. 8 59 18 I ... .. 19 100 1 ... ... 1 18 110 169 .68 177 314 30 0'37 3 ... 7 10 ... os 1531 0 9 0 no o 3 1 91 4 78 1 4 33 1 6 90 1 10"86 o o 1 4'49 13'73 1 23 8 05 23 06 .. 0'44 13' 17 29s.5, .. 1 2 3 1'72 12 38 16~ .. 2 11"56 36"29 .. 0 4 97 s .. t t I

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,62 VITAL sTATEMEN'l' II-B.-Supp!e111c11t to ;;; -C' l 3 I 4 .... 2 5 .,, -----5; Rcl aps,ng C Malaria. Ent e ric fever. Kala-azar. :No. J)ivi s ions and.Towns. 2 Measle s f e ver, I 0 C .9 ] .d .9 :5 .S :5 :S .!2 :5 .2 -;, 0. -;, .. "' '" ... C " A o "' A p:; q "' A ll:: ll:: ii:: --------------ARA KAN DIVISION. 1 Ahab ... 38,094 1 0 2 0 05 ... ... .. ... 1 0.03 2 Kyaukpyu ... 4,232 11 2'60 ... ... ... ... .. ... ... 3 Sandoway ... 4,070 3 0 74 2 0 49 ... ... ... .. . .. PEGU DIVISION. 4 Rangoon ... 3,98,967 428 1 70 0 18 4 0 ... ... 5 0 01 5 Pegu ... 21,626 44 2 1 oos .. 0:26! ... ... 6 Nyaunglebin ... 7,790 4 0 ... ... 2 .. 7 Tharrawaddy ... 7,[31 9 1"26 ... ... ... ... .. 8 Thonze ... 7,962 27 3 ... ... ... .. .. 9 Ziion ... 6 ,365 25 3 1 0'16 3 0 ... 10 Letpadan ... 12,160 33 2 6 0 ... ... ... 11 Gyobingauk ... 7,675 29 3'78 2 0"26.. ... ... 12 Minh la ... 4,413 16 3'63 ... ... ... ... .. .. 13 Natlalin ... 5,633 3 0 1 0"18 .. ... ... . .. 14 Syriam ... 15,070 8 0 1 0 7 ... ... . .. 15 Thongwa 8,976 14 1'56 3 0 33 ... . .. ... .. ... 16 Insein ... 20,487 31 1s1 9 0'44 1 oos ... . 17 Tharnaing ... 5,645 ... ... 1 0"18 .. .. I .. 18 Karnayut ... 7,256 4 0 ... 2 0 28 .. ... .. 19 Thingangyun ... 7,984 2 0'25 .. ... .. ... .. 20 Kan be ... 6,575 ... ... ... ... .. ... .. 21 Prome ... 28,295 47 1 66 ... ... 12 0 42 ... .. .. 22 Shwedanng ... 8,408 9 1 ... ... ... .. .. :n Paungcle ... 13,479 85 6'31 1 oo7 ... ... ... ... .. 24 Toungoo ... 23,223 40 1 72 5 0 ... ... ... .. 25 Shwegyin ... 5,876 26 4"42 ... ... .. ... ... .. .. .26 Pyu ... 7,807 49 6 3 0"38 ... . ... ... IRRA WADDY DIVISION. 27 Basse in ... 45,662 121 2"65 12 0 2 6 . ... ... .. 28 Ngathaingyaung ... 5,380 48 8"92 2 0 .. ... ... ... ... : 29 Ky6npyaw 5,866 10 1'70 ... .. . .. ... ... .. 30 Henzada ... 28,542 104 3"64 3 0 2 0 ... ... 31 Myanaung .. 9,072 30 3 ... ... ... ... .. ... .. 32 Kyangin ... 6,780 14 2'06 ... ... ... .. .. ... .. .. 33 Myaungmya ... 7,933 41 s 1 0 1 0 ... ... .. ... 34 Wakema ... 9,359 187 19 99 1 0 ... ... .. o o .. 35 Moulmeingyun ... 7,747 77 9 ... 10 1 .. .. .. .. 36 Mau bin ... 8,897 .. ... ... .. .. .. ... ... .. .. .37 Yandoon ... 9,925 20 2 ... ... .. ... .. .. .38 Danubyu ... 6,334 36 5"68 4 0"63 ... .. ... ... .. .. 39 Pyapon ... 12,338 31 2s1 ... ... .. .. ... ... .. .. Kyaiklat ... 10,658 128 12'01 16 1"50 ... .. ... ... .. .. TENASSHRIM DIVISION. That on ... 16,851 115 6"82 ... .. ... .. .. ... . ... 41 Kyaikto ... 6,611 52 7"87 ... .. ... ... .. .. 42 Moulmein ... 65,506 128 1 49 0 75 17 0"26 ... ... .. .. 43 Kawkareik ... 6,575 19 2 ... .. 2 0 ... ... .. .. 44

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STA'fISTICS. 63 Annual Statement II-A, 1947. I Fevers. Dysentery and 6 / 7 j___ ~ I 9 I 10 I 11 12 ----. ----------. Influenza. Ci;1 i;brospinal Typhus t ever. Blackwater Other Fc,crs. Total Fevers Dysenler}. Fever Fe, er No .. I .d .2 .!:? ..c ] :5 _g .c ci ,,:. .2 .&i .S? ... " " ;:; A o .. " p:; -Q p:; p:; A p:; Q p:; Q p:; A p:; ------------------------... ... 15 0 '39 19 o so 7 0 "18 1 ... ... 7 1'65 18 4 4 0 '95 2 ... ... 6 1'47 11 2'70 3 ... ... 8 0 ... .. 1 o oo 62 0 578 1 45 313 os 4 ... ... 1 o os 2 0 ... 52 2 100 4 62 9 0 '42 5 ... ... 2 0'26 '" ... ... .. 13 1 67 21 2'70 4 0 51 6 ... 7 0 98 16 2-24 4 0'56 7 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... 27 3 39 6 0 8 '" ... I ... 1 0 '16 30 4 71 7 no ... ... .. 1 0 40 3 8 0'66 10 ... "' 20 2 51 6'64 6 0'78 11 ... ... I "' .. 16 3 63 4 0 12 ... ... ... 7 1 11 1 95 l 0'18 13 ... ... ... 36 2 '39 45 2 15 1 14 ... ... ... ... 3 0'33 20 2 12 1 34 15 ... 1 oos 57 2'78 99 4 36 1'76 16 ... ... ... 54 9 57 55 9 ... 17 ... ... ... .. 131 13 os 137 18'88 4 oss 18 ... '" ... ... lSl 10 s 83 10 1 0 19 ... ... ... 103 15'67 103 15'67 1 015 20 ... ... ... .. 61 2 120 4 24 5 0'18 21 ... .. ... .. ... .. 51 6o7 60 7 14 3 0'36 22 ... ... ... 1 oo7 ... .. ... .. 87 6'45 6 0 23 . .. "' 1 0'04 11 0 47 57 2'45 8 0'34 24 ". o .. i7 ... ... ... 1 ... .. 15 ?.'55 42 7"15 3 0'51 25 ... ... ... ... .. 1 0'13 53 6'79 4 os1 26 ff' ... "' ... .. ... 49 1 182 3 75 1'64 'J7 ... ... .. ... 2 0 '37 52 9'67 5 0 93 28 ... 4 0"68 ... 42 7 16 52 8 86 3 os1 29 ... ... .. .. 18 0 '63 131 4 59 16 0'56 30 ... ... .. 10 1"10 40 4 1 0 31 ... ... --... 9 1'33 23 3'39 1 0 15 32 ... .. 36 1 ;4 79 9 14 1'76 33 ... ... .. 2 0 190 20 :;o 9 o 34 ... ... .. .. 70 9'04 157 2'1'27 23 2'47 35 ... ... "' ... ... 164 18'43 164 18'43 5 o s6 36 ... I ... ... . .. 5 oso 25 2 9 091 37 ... ... ... 1 0"16 45 7 10 86 13'58 14 2 21 38 ... ... ... .. 9 0'73 40 3 24 7 0 39 ... ... .. 30 2'81 174 16'33 22 2 06 40 ... ... .. .. ... 97 5 212 12 58 3 0 '18 141 .... ... ... .. ... .. .. .. 52. J-';1,7 5 0'76 4'J ... ... .. ... ... 8 0 202 \ 3'08 I 70 1 43 ... ... ... ... ... .. 52 7 91 73 \ 1no I 1 \ 0 15 44 : l I

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64 --------.... e. --~ i;; Di vis ions and Towns. C: 1:3. :i c. 0 P.. ARAKAN DIVISION. 1 Akyab ... 38,094 2 K,aukpy u ... 4,232 3 Sando way ... 4,070 pEGU DIVISION. 4 Rangoon ... 398,967 5 Pegu ... 21, 626 6 Nyauuglebin ... 7,790 7 Tharrawaddy ... 7,131 8 Thonze ... 7,962 9 Zig6n ... 6,.165 10 Letpadan ... 12. 160 11 Gyobingauk ... 7,675 12 i\linhla ... 4,413 13 Nattalin ... 5,633 14 Syriam ... 15,070 15 Thongwa ... 8,976 16 Insein ... 20,487 17 Thamaing 5,645 .. 18 Kamayut ... 7,256 19 Thingangyun ... 7,984 20 Kan be ... 6,575 '.21 Prome ... 26,29:i 22 Shwedaung ... 8,408 23 Paungde ... 13,479 24 Toungoo ... 23,223 ; 25 Shwei(yin ... \876: 26 Pyu ... 7, 8 07 j lRRAWADDY DIVISION, 45,662 1 27 Bassein ... 28 Ngathaingyaung ... 5,380 I :19 Kyonpyaw ... 5,ts66 i 30 Henzada ... 28,542 31 Myanaung ... 9,072 32 Kyangin ... 6,780 33 l\lyaungmya ... 7,933 34 Wakema ... 9,359 35 Moulmeingyun 7,747 36 Mau bin s,897 I 37 Yandoon ... I 9,9251 38 Danubyu ... 6,334 39 Pyap6n 12,338 40 Kyaiklat ... 10,658 TENASSERIM DIVISION. ,ill Thaton ... 16. 851 42 Kyaikto ... 6,611 43 i\loulmein ... 65,506 44 Kawkareik ... 6,575 VITAL STATEMENT II-B.-Suppiement to Diarrhcea 13 14 Diarrhcea. Pneumo nia .ci .. Q -4 1 2 251 5 1 2 1 2 13 l 1 ... 5 s 31 ... 3 ... 1 5 2 ... 8 7 4 56 1 1 9 t ... 6 1 ... ... 2 5 14 91 81 4j I 3 .9 .; Q p:; ---0 25 0 I 8 0 49 I 5 0'6311.939 0 1~ 0 :, 0'28 7 0'13 7 0 14 1 '07 5 0'13 9 0'23 5 .. 65 0 0 '89 31 1'51 64 .. ... 0'41 4 .. ... 0 15 ... 0'18 19 0 7 56 0 29 1 3 0 51 28 .,. 1 165 0 19 2 0'18 2 0'32 62 0'44 36 .. 7 0'76 28 ou 5 ... 6 ... ... 0 27 0'79 9 1 '13 4 0'84 20 0'47 55 0 15 4 0'66 151 0'46 1 0 1 1 66 '89 23 4'86 0'83 0 '64 0 98 0'88 2'20 0 41 1 0 89 4 31 3 45 3 0 0 67 0'83 4 15 1 '25 os1 3 3'61 0'37 0'34 2 '17 3 7 1 3 0 0 77 n2 1 -12 0 1'88 3 26 0 '61 2 '31 0 15 Respiratory Disea s e s 15 Pulm ona ry Tuberculosis. .ci -~ Q -;; i,; 11 u 4 0 95 3 0'74 840 2'11 23 1 '06 6 0'84 11 1'73 13 1 4 0'91 4 0'71 ..26 2 26 1 27 5 O 'R9 2 0 28 7 0 6 0'71 15 1'11 20 0'86 7 1 7 0 '90 123 I 2'69 10 1'86 4 0'68 7 0 9 0 99 i 1'03 45 5'67 16 1 71 41 5'29 22 2 12 l 89 21 1'70 53 4 14 O'R3 6 01 159 2'42 16 Whoop in g cough, .. A ii: 1 0 03 2 0 3 0 17 Other Respiratory Di se ase s. Q 6 1 0 16 2 0 676 1 69 }9 0 88 8 1'03 19 2 6 0 '94 2 0 6 os o-'36! 3 0'68 2 3 0 4 0 27 4 0 4 0 9 1 z-4 6 0'75 3 0 '46 9 0'31 2 0 24 9 O'b7 10 0'43 5 0 '64 44 0'96 10 1 70 9 0 61 2 '14 2 0'2'2 ... 1 ... 2 0 ... 2 01 13 1 46 0 10 17 1'71 11 089 1 0 06 10 0 I 149 2 I 1 0s

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STATISTICS. 65 Annual Statement II-A, 1947-contd. Other Causes. 1 8 19 20 21 22 23 24 Beri-beri in~ Acute Tuberculosis O ther tudinl( spidePoliomyeliti s Diphtheria. Chicke n-pox. Mcmps. of Joints. Tuberculosi:, No. mic Dropsy. Dis('a,es. -" -~ -" c .,: t .ci .ci .9 .e I 2 -:. ... -;. i< r. A -:. A A r. A -:. ~ -c:: Q c:: c:: A c:: c:: --------~----,I I 6 ot6 1 0 1 1 0 2 3 14 004 9 0 02 12 0 03 66 017 4 1 oos 1 oos 1 o os 4 0s 5 8 1 0 3 2 0 26 6 7 7 0"88 8 9 0'.08 1 oos 10 4 os2 17 2 11 12 13 4 7 3"12 14 1 o u 15 1 6 1 0"18 17 9 1 1 8 2 0s 19 2 0 20 1 21 i I 22 ~'.~41 o o7 23 004 24 25 8 1 26 2 0 14 0 31 27 5 0 28 29 30 0 31 2 0 29 2 ~":.91 ~: 2 .02s 1 0 13 1 0 11 .. 34 135 1 0 11 16 1-s o 36 4 0 37 1 0 16 ... 38 1 0 I 39 oo9 2 1"19140 41 10 il."51 42 3 oos 1 0 4 006 43 44 _, __ ,.

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66 No. Divi;ions an
PAGE 70

STATISTICS. Annual Statement II-A, 1947-contd. Fevers 10 Other Fevers 11 Total FeYers. 67 r-----1 Dysenter y and I 12 Dysentery. -=~:~--~~;;:~:a l Irr,~~''""/' Bla~~~::t ----I-i j ,11 J1i i' ~ii ilj ----------------------------0 339 11"68 371 12-9 9 0 56 2 251 12 10 0"49 9 0 l 0 47 so7 70 7 2 0 2 0 35 2 1i I 1"36 0 2 0 29 4 0 67 4 0"60 so 7 oS 10 1 29 3-53 1~ I 0 24 25 3 85 10 1 "56 15 1"35 61 sso 21 \ 1 s9 96 7"48 101 7 10; 0 0 184 7"96 222 9"60 431 1 I I 11 oos 1 0 2 0 240 1"78 692 5 52 0:39 2 0 l 0 06 1 0 57 3 11 0"66 1 orn 12 2"11 51 6"94 53 7 14 1 s9 25 2 3 0 o o4 37 1"45 4 0 16 19 2 30 3"70 3 0 1 0 4 0 16 1 2 0 11 32 1 81 82 4"64 9 0 2 0 17 2 94 39 3"46 54 4"78 1 0 29 7"76 34 0 2 0 17 1 43 3 10 o 10 1 15 2"96 2 0 39. 1 0'09 0 09 59 5"46 87 8"06 9 o -----.-------.;_---------------9 0-01 36 0 9 0 5 ooo 2,741 1'98 6,391 4"f>l 994 0 ---------------------------2 0 5 0'62 25 3"12 4 o 5o 1 0 52 7 13 1 3 1"32 23 10 2 0'88 7 1"51 ... 1 0 1 0 71 15"31 2 0 23 2 0 23 79 9 11 1 4 no l 0 --.. --.. ---

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68 VITAL STATEMENT 11-B .-Sup#emenl to D iar rhcea. Respiratory D is eases. -I "' 13 t4 15 16 17 -------Pulmonary Whooping Other i;; Diarrhc:ea, P11c:~monia. Respiratory No. Dhisions and Towns. C: Tuberculosis couJ!h. Diseases. ------1~ C: .9 -;:; .ci g ,s s :S .9 .ci .9 .2 :i -:;; "' -:;; -;:; c. "' -:;; -::; -:;; 0 "' "' p. A p:; A p:; A -""-!~ p:; A p:; ---------------' ---------; r i TENASSERIM DIVISION -C01LC[d. 45 Tavoy ... 29,0113 6 0 10 0 34 3 0 10 ., .. I 19 oS 46 Mergui ... 20,405 23 1 16 o 2 0 ... . .. lVIAG\VE DIVISION. 47 Thayetmyo ... 9,279 1 0 6 0"65 .. ... 8 0 48 Allanmyo ... 12,511 15 i-20 36 2"88 10 0 80 ... .. 37 2 96 49 ;\linbu ... 6,005 1 0 6 1 ... ... ... . .. ... 50 Salin ... 6 654 11 1'65 18 2 71 6 0 ... .. 3 0 51 i\Jagwe ... 8,209 7 os5 ... 10 1 .. 3 0 37 52 Taungdwlngyi ... 8,339 1 oil 65 7 79 5 0 I .. 33 3"96 .53 Ycnangyaung ... 11,098 1 1 0 0 41 3"69 12 1os . .. 18 1"6'..! 54 Chauk 12,830 3 0 5 0 39 '> 0 ... ... .. 55 Pakokku ... 23,1151 11 0'48 81 3 50 14 0"61 1 0 04 15 0'65 I M,e,,,uY Dmsw,. 134,9J 56 \Iandalay ... 103 0"76 427 3'16 207 1"53 . 107 0"79 57 Maymyo ... 16,586 24 1 85 5 33 1 .. 12 0"72 58 I Iviyitnge ... 5,n82 ... 1 0 6 1 ... .. .. 59 Kyaukse ... 7,353 .. ... 1 0 14 ... ... ... ? 0 ) 60 Meiktila 8,830 2 0 53 6'00 1 0 .. .. 10 1 61 Myingvan ... 25,457 25 0"98 63 2 17 0 "67 .. 139 5 "46 62 Nyaung-U ... 8,118 3 0 37 9 1 11 I 11 1"36 ... .. ii 0 12 63 Yamethin ... 9,291 ... 16 1 72 4 03 0"65 1 64 Pyinmana ... 17,656 10 os7 1 37 2 10 14 079 .. .. 0 65 Pyawbwe 5,783 i 0 2 0 2 0 ... SAGAING D1v1s10N. 66 Shwebo ... 11,286 1 0 1 0 09 2 0'17 ... ... 2 0 67 Ye-u ... 3,739 2 0 ... ... ... . .. 4 1 68 Sagaing ... 14,127 3 0 21 4l 2 90 9 0"64 ... 33 2 l\'11-inmu 5,072 5 0 10 1'97 3 0 59 ... . .. .. 70 Mc'inywa 10,800 9 d : 83 29 2"69 20 1 8s . .. 12 1"11 -------------------T_otal ... 1,387,428 774 os6 4,002 88 1,999 1 20 0 1 1,614 1 --------------1 Bhamo ... 8,011 3 0 37 22 2 6 0 .. ... 2 0 2 Myitkyina ... 7,328 1 0 4 16 2"18 17 2"32 ... .. 2, 0 3 Mawlaik ... 2,278 1 0 44 ... 3 i-32 .. 8 3 1 4 Lashfo ... 4,638 6 1 29 15 3 9 1"94 ... 8 1 5 Taunggyi ... 8,652 4 ff46 64 7"40 23 2 "66 ... 7 os1 6 Kalaw ... 3,621 2 0 3 0"83 ... .. .. . .. ...

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STATISTICS. 69 Annual Statement II-A, 1947-contd. ~-------------------------------Other Causes. -18 1 ___ 19 __ Be.ri-befi ~nAcute 20 21 22 23 24 Diphtheria, Chicken-pox. c~f~niroi~~~Poliomyelities. Mumps. Tuberculosis of Joints. Other Tuberculoisis Di!-,ea:-.es. No -" .9 :5 0 .c .8 .c :3 -" :5 .9 ... ... "' ... -;. -;, ";, ;:; A A A A ";, A A .,:; A .,:; .,:; .,:; .,:; .,:; i,:: -------------------0 3 4 0 6 0"65 11 1'83 l 011 7 0"63 11 0"48 10 0 4 0 2 0 2 0 1 ooo 1 0 06 1 0'06 12 0 3 0 2 oos 1 0 011 1 0 I s 0 I 1 aw i 94 0 ~I ... 19 0 i s 0 3 ooo 24 0 243 otR -----1-----------------------. 0 0'27 1 0'14 .. 1 0 I ... 2 0 1 o 12 45 -46 47 48 49 so 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 1 2 3 4 5 6

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70 VITAL STATISTICS. STATEMENT II-B.-Supp!ement to Annual Statement II-A, 1947-contd. Ne Divi s ions and To_wns ARA K A N DIVISION. 1 Aky;ib 2 Kyaukpyu 3 S a ncloway PEGU DIVISIOX. 4 Hangoo11 5 Pegu 6 N vaun~Jebin 7 Ti1arra\vaddy 8 Thi'm z e 9 Zig6n 10 Letpadan 11 G vobingaul: 12 ?v(inhla 13 Nattalin 14 S yriarn 15 Tho n gwa 16 Inse in 17 Thamaing 18 Kamaytit 19 Thingangyun 20 Kanhe 21 Prome 22 Shweclaung 23 I P aungde 24 Toungoo 25 Shwegyin 26 Pyu lRRA\VA!iDY DIVISION. 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Bassein N gathainggyaung Kyonpvaw Henzada M yanaung Kv : rn g in :'l{ ~ : ui'i1gmya ,vakema Moulmeingyun Mat,hin Yancl oon Danubyu Pyapon Kyaiklat ::: I I TDIASSEHIM DI.VISION. 41 Tha t o n 42 Kvaikto 43 M oulmein 44 Kawkareik 38,094 4,232 4,070 398,967 21,626 7,790 7,131 7 96 2 6'.365 12,160 7,675 4,413 5,633 15,070 8,976 20,487 5,645 7,256 7,984 6,575 28 295 8,408 13,479 23,223 5,876 7,807 45,662 5,380 5,866 28,542 9,072 6,780 7,933 9,359 7,747 8.897 9,925 6,334 12,338 10,658 16,851 6,611 65,506 6,57:, 25 Leprosy, :S 0 A .,: -... ... 69 O 'li 3 0 1 0 I 1 0 ... ... 2 0 3 0 2 0'26 ... ... ... ... 2 0 l 0 1 0 I ... ... I . 2 0 1 0 ... ... ... ... ... ... 1 oo4 ... 1 0 I i 8 0s ... ... I ... I 6 0 ; 2 0 I I 1 0 1s I ... ... ... 2 0 22 2 0 20 1 0 16 2 ~?61 ... 2 0 12 . .. ~: I 0 Other Causes ---26 27 2 8 29 .. Cancer. '."! Death s under o ne >.:ii ;::5 :a u ] t3 ~= <.i "~ Q .,: A:E ::;: ----1 0 03 4 9 ... ... 3 20 .. ... ... r 8 106 0 85 2,400 l o os 14 112 2 42 ... 4 21 .. ... 1 26 1 0 1 30 ... ... 5 44 1 0 3 3 9 .. 1 7 ... '4 9 1 oo7 3 .. 66 4 0 3 24 1 oo5 3 83 .. 2 46 ... 2 100 ... 6 74 ... 4 47 8 57 ... 1 17 ... ... 5 28 2 ~:~91 6 34 ... 4 10 4 os1 5 34 I 0 26 I 12 11 348 1 ~.:9 I 2 30 ... 2 / 33 1 oo4 1 10 198 ... ... 3 20 ... ... 14 3 0"38 1 80 ... 4 64 ... I 8 99 ... ... 24 60 ... I 5 56 1 0 44 1 0 08 1 1ii I 27 ... I 68 2 0 12 3 I 89 1 0 2 30 16 0'24 31 267 42 y ear I <.i E "' -5 13 7 1,979 83 '28 13 20 27 29 30 12 4 54 14 91 35 86 61 42 37 11 19 26 7 33 277 30 23 196 12 10 58 57 60 53 38 40 24 81 I 77 25 221 28 0 f-< -14 33 15 4,379 195 70 34 46 57 73 69' 19 13 120 38 17 4 81 186 135 89 94 28 47 60 17 67 625 60 56 394 32 24 138 121 159 113 ~3 ~o "o -o "''"' :E C,:. "" ]~ 41 9 2 8 9 178'3 110 2 313 1 274 2 9 6 4 9 3 9 5 1 6 4 b 2 5 226 151 7 155 245 6 257'9 310'8 116 5 89'0 165 0 165'2 278'8 457 523 9 63 4 4 9 3 9 5 9 527"3 301"6 203 179 4 187'2 110 107 154' 320 59 02 236 234" 423 139 188' 300' 514 4i4" 262" 94 I 360 84 22 31 20 13 98 00 89 63 18 I 5 32 14 26 84 i 276' 51 I 121 149 : 376 1661201" 55 284 488 2so 7o 208 46 97 26 96

PAGE 74

VITAL STATISTICS. 71 STATEllIENT II-B.-Supp[ement to Amwal Statement II-A, 1947~conclcl. Olher Causes. 25 I 26 27 zs 29 ';: -l!l ;g Death s und~r one
PAGE 75

72 VACC! STATEMENT No. I (aL-&howing patticulars of Rural ~ -----------Total number of persons Population Average -----------number of o f Districts Vaccina t ors No. Divis ions and Districts according to employed Census of 1931. throughout the year. Male Female. (1) (2) (3) 14) (S) (6; ARAKAN DIVISION. I 1 Akyab ... 597,242 11 i 23,038 18,413 I 2 Arakan Hill Tracts 21,418 3 2,978 1,497 i 3 Kyankpyu ... 216,060 6 : 5,921 5,020 4 1 Sanclowa; ... 125,175 3 i 6,572 5,315 I PEGU DIVISION. 460,395] i 5 Pegu ... 8 I 21,202 28 375 6 Tharra waddy ... 454,471 10 21,640 22,814 "' l 7 Hantbawaddy ... i 8 lnsein ... 279,595 5 20,043 24,060 9 Prome ... 360,469 8 12,874 14,842 10 T01mgoo ... 391,922 11 23,754 23,376 IHRAWADDY DIVISION. I 11 Bassein ... 514,135 12 I 45,304 46,26 1 121 12 Henzada ... 571,395 16,582 17,784 I 13 Myaungmya ... 419,905 12 16,376 17,021 14 Mau bin ... 346,353 9 18,523 19,996 15 Pyapon ... 311,162 8 15, 976 18,928 TENASSERIM DIVISION. 16 Salween ... 53,186 4 6,712 4,807 17 Thaton ... 509,166 18 Amherst ... 444,152 8 20,668 22,099 19 Tavoy ... 150,946 5 10,435 11,235 20 Mergui ... 141,582 -I Annual Vaccination

PAGE 76

NATION. Vaccinations of Burma durinf!. the year 1947. -vaccinated Priman' vaccination. Average number of Successfu l. persons vaccinated by each Total. Vaccinator. Total. One and Under under six Total of one year years. all a~es. \ ;) Cal (9) (10) (11) (12) I 41,451 3,768 12,055 1,793 4,831 7,882 4,475 1,492 869 6 278 617 10,941 1.824 3,068 426 727 1 947 11,887 3,962 3,243 123 1,180 2,000 49,577 6,197 18,334 5,124 9,148 16,241 44,454 4,445 19,646 4,529 8,971 14,357 ... 44,103 5,512 10,542 2,959 5,350 9,113 27,716 3,864 9,562 1,574 3,773 5,703 47,130 3,927 23,989 1,310 6,869 13,320 9 1 ,56 5 6,397 31,853 3,855 10,603 19,55 6 34,366 2,863 18,287 5,582 10,011 15,593 33,~97 2,727 19,783 4,975 10,217 19,091 38,519 4,279 14,564 3,371 7,537 13,445 34,904 4,363 18, 5 28 3,475 7,989 17,059 11,519 2,879 6,325 88 1,092 3,511 42,767 4,977 15,354 1,694 6,llS 10,610 21,670 4,334 6,072 1,752 2,289 4,04) ... .... .. Report not reeelved. -U nk nown. (13) 3,345 252 545 656 1,975 4 184 545 401 6 657 8,204 1,175 692 1 119 1,297 2,429 3,112 I 1441 No. (1) 1 2 3 4 1 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 5 6 7 8 9 0 z 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 2

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74 VACCI STATEMENT No. I (a).-Showing partiwlars of Rural ------I R e-vacdnation, i Percentage l in which th >f I i No. Divisions. and Districts. Total. Successful. Unknown. Primary. (1) ,2) (14) (15) (16\ r17) I ARAKAN DIVISION, I 1 Akyab 29,396 1,001 10,551 I 90'49 ... t 2 Arakan Hill Tracts 3,606 984 763 I 100 ... i 3 Kyankpyu ... 7,873 1.345 1,783 77'17 4 Sandoway ... 8,644 287 2,037 1 77 PEGU DIVISION. 5 Pegu ... 31,243 2,635 6,813 ()9'28 6 Tharrawii,cldy ... 24,808 5,484 8,524 i 92'85 7 Hanthawaddy ... 8 Insein ... 33,561 7,207 1,769 91'16 9 Prome ... 18,154 2,596 1,742 62'25 10 Toungoo ... 23,141 1,338 9,758 79 lRRAWADDY DIVISION 11 Bassein ... 59,712 10,591 20,204 1 82'69 12 Henzacla ... 16,079 830 2,744 91 13 M;yaungmya ... 13,614 2,726 1,573 100 00 14 Mau bin ... 23,955 2,891 3,331 100 15 Pyapon ... 16,376 1.804 2,417 99'00 TENASSERIM DIVISION. 16 Salween ... 5,194 1,022 2,274 90'12 17 Thaton ... 18 Amherst ... 27,413 2,784 6,8124 86'67 19 Tavoy ... 15,598 4,044 \2,403 68'17 20 Mergui ... 0 Annual Vaceination

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75 NATION. V_tLccinations of Burma during the yc:ar 1947-contd. successful cases r results were known. Number of ali Persons succeassuccessful Av,rage cost of each fully vaccinated vaccinations and Total cost of Vaccinare-vaccinations succe1sful case No. per l,000 of tion. Department. performed by the performed by the population. Vaccination Vaccination Staff. Re-vaccination, Staff only. (18) (i9) (20) (21) (21) (1) --' Rs. A, P. Rs. A. P, 5 14"87 20,887 2 0 8,883 2 5 7 1 34'61 74 3,234 4 0 1,601 l 22 15'24 4,171 14 0 3,292 1 4 0 3 4 34' 18'28 7,724 14 4 2,287 3 6 0 4 10'79 41' 00 30,139 10 0 18,876 1 10 0 5 33'68 43'65 20,982 0 0 19,841 1 1 0 6 7 22'67 58'37 26,647 13 0 16,320 1 10 0 8 15'82 23'02 16,807 6 0 8,299 2 0 5 9 9 38'68 23,717 14 0 15,158 1 9 0 10 26'80 58"64 37,070 11 4 30,147 1 3 8 11 I 6"22 28"76 24,900 8 0 16,423 1 8 5 12 22 51 21,302 15 0 21,817 0 15 8 13 14'02 47'17 23,805 13 4 16,336 1 7 4 14 12 60"62 20,051 12 8 18,863 1 1 0 15 35 85'23 7,635 11 0 4,533 1 11 2 16 17 13'52 30'16 20,515 13 0 13,394 1 8 6 li 30 53'56 12,644 6 0 8,085 1 9 0 19 -20 -Rer;,art not received, 6

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76 No (1\ 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 3 9 VACCI STATEMENT No. I (a).-Showing ;articulars of Rural Total number of pcnons. Population Average of Districts number of DiTl1ion1 and Districts. according to Vaccinators Census of employed 1931. throughout the year Male. Female. rt) (3) (4) (5) --~6) M.AGWE DIVISION. Thayetrny o ... 252,387 8 13,409 14,916, Minbu ... Magwe ... 459,097 7 16,078 16,186 -Pakokku ... 476,066 10 18,271 17,10!:t Chin Hills" ... MANDALAY DIVISION. Mandalay ... 196,687 4 10,046 11,97:> Kyaukse ... 143,967 4 5,510 8,100 Meiktila ... 301,169 4 11,956 8,914 Myingsan" . Yamethin ... 358,090 6 16,434 18,682 : SAGAII\G DIVISION. Bhamo ... 113,182 6 6,273 5,905, Myitkyina ... 164,196 7 7,874 8,826, Shwebo ... 431,765 10 16,025 18,317 Sagaing ... 316,766 6[ 14,833 16,244 K ath a ... 254,170 7 10,738 10,914 Upper Chindwin ... ... 202,704 8 12,797 14,545 Lower Chindwin ... 372,634 7 16,037 20,039 -------Total ... 9,760,861 229 464,879 492,512 ----Fn:DERATED SHAN STATES Northern Shan States ... Southern Shan States ... 916,718 21 40,726 38,725 Ailnual Vaccination.,

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NATION. Vaccinations of Burma during the year 194 -7-contd. vaccinated. Primary vaccination. I -----Average number of I [ Dersons Succes1ful vaccinated by No. each Tdal. Vaccinator. Total. One and Unknown Under under sis. Total of ., one year years. all ages (7i (8) (9) (IOl (11) (12) (13\ (1) 'j8, 325 5 607 I 5 ,25 4 1,107 2,112 J 3,309 1,44 7 21 I 22 32,264 4,609 9,847 Z,307 2 908 5,322 1,22 7 23 35,37 9 3,538 17,063 3.329 5,212 10,174 4 32 8 24 2S 22,019 5,505 5,858 1,085 1,387 2,910 2,712 26 13,6 10 3,402 3,482 831 1,42 7 2,:ZSS 903 27 ZO,SiO 5,218 6,572 861 1,76 2 3,066 1,948 28 29 35,116 6,113 11,193 1,176 1,871 3,329 2,37 1 30 1 2 ,178 2,02 9 3,789 51 6 1,073 1,979 830 31 16,700 2,400 4 757 392 930 1,688 1 524 32 34,342 6,491 11 ,6 55 2,697 6,014 9,478 1 ,2 99 33 31,077 5,.179 8 323 1,070 2,928 3,998 1 722 34 21,6 52 3,093 9,346 683 2,074 3,507 4,0 84 35 r I 3,41 8 11,781 2,109 5,388 8,000 3681 36 ,,342 36,076 5,154 12,876 J,576 3,035 4,633 3 48 7 37 ------------I 957,391 4,074 354,470 62,375 135,111 238,237 64 ,9 82 -----------------------I I 38 5,034 \ 7 9,451 3,783 30, 601 4,591 20,610 2 5, 20 1 39 Report n o t received

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78 No. (1\ 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 VACCI STATEMENT No. I (a).-ShowinF! :Particulars of Rural Re-vaccinatio,1 Percentage of in which the -Dlvlaio n and Dlatrl cts. Total. Succeasful. Unknown. Primary. (2) (14) (15) (16) ,17) MAGWE DIVISION. Thayetmyo 22,471 3,572 8,950 '7sos ... Minbu ... Magwe 22,417 1,900 4,959 61"74 Pakokku 18,316 801 6,711 79 Chin Hills ... MANDALAY DIVISION Mandalay ... 16,161 1,054 8,345 92 Kyaukse ... 10,128 874 3,430 87 "55 l\I eiktila ... 14,298 785 4,840 66"31 l\lyingyan ... Y amethin ... 23,923 1,524 5,538 37 SAGAING DIVISION Bhamo ... 8,389 1,063 2,693 66'88 Myitkyina ... 11,943 1,117 4 620 s2 Shwebo ... 22,687 5 ,3 16 5,088 91"52 Sagaing ... 22,754 1,657 3,774 60"57 lfatha ... 12,306 1,257 6,426 66"65 Upper Chindwin ... ... 15,561 2,717 794 70"10 Lower Chindwin ... ... 23 200 1,031 7,562 49 34 ---Total ... 602,921 74,237 159,240 82 24 -----------------FEDERAT!tD SHAN STATES Northern Shan State, ... Southern Shan States ... 48,850 7,903 20, 342 98 14 Annual Vaccination

PAGE 82

NATION. Vaccinations of Bunna durin; the year 1947-concld succeasf ul cases l reeult1 were known. Nuinbtr of all successful Panone succe,s.. vaccinations and fully vaccinated Total cost of Vaccina-re-vaccinations per 1,000 of lion Department. performed by the population. Vaccination R ... vnccination. Staff only. (18) (19) (%0) (21) Rs. A. P. 26 "41 27"26 18,671 11 0 6,881 10"88 1s 16,668 8 0 7,222 6"90 23"05 21,048 2 4 10,975 13"49 20 10,977 13 0 3,964 13"05 21 10,618 1 0 3,132 8'29 12'78 11,318 3 0 3,851 8"29 13 13,510 3 0 4,853 18"66 26'87 14,642 2 8 3,042 15'25 22s 18,393 3 / 0 2,805 30"20 55 26,832 15 0 14,794 8"73 17" 85 12,113 14 0 5,655 21' 38 18'74 17,788 7 0 4,764 18 40 52"87 14,069 12 0 10,717 6"59 1s I 12,007 10 0 5,664 -16"73 32 I 5,42,901 1 8 312,174 -------.---------27'72 36"11 29,014 14 0 I 33,104 Report not received. 79 Average coat of each sd'ccessful case performed by the No. Vaccination Staff (22) ( 1) Rs. A. p 3 1 3 2 2 2 4 11 2 2 3 4 s 2 12 3 4 1 13 2 10 4 13 6 9 1 13 2 2 3 11 1 5 2 2 4 2 8 2 0 2 2 3 s I ol 3 o I 3 I 0 3 I 0 j 3 8 3 0 3 6 7 8 9 0 2 1 11 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 11 0 14 9 8 9 0 I:

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80 STATEMENT No. I No. Dlvliion1 and Town,. _(Q__ ___ l!2__ ARAKAN DIVliiJON. 1 Akyab 2 Kyaukpyu 3 Sandoway PEGU DIVISION. 4 Rangoon 5 Pegu 6 Nyaunglcbin 7 Tharrawaddy 8 Th6nze 9 Zig6n 10 Letpadan 11 Gyobineauk 12 Minh la 13 Na ttalin 14 Syriam 15 Thongwa 16 Insein 17 Thamaing 18 Kamayut 19 Thingangyun 20 Kan be 21 Prome 22 Shwedaung '.l3 Paungde 24 Toungoo 25 Shwetyin 26 Pyu IRRAWADDY 0IVISION, 27 Bassein 28 Ng~thainggiaung 29 Kyonpyaw ... VACCI (b).--Showing Particulars of Ur-ban Vacci11ations I .. I i ... c~ :i:"' ~ ~c 0" C) C: .B 0 .. ~Cl .g? 0. 0 08 r,.,. (3) 38,094 4,232 4,070 398,967 ,626 7,131 7,962 6,365 12,160 7,675 j 4,413 5,633 15,070 8,976 20,487 5,645 7,256 7,984 6,575 13,479 23,223 5,876 7,807 45,662 5,380 Gg ;!.,: :> u = ~e O.,: t] s~ ac. E "., ... 'CDr.ll ~5:>.
PAGE 84

81 NATION. -(~.-rcluding ]aill and Ports) of Bimna dwring the year 1947. "' .... 0 .. co Primary Vac~atlon. "u "'" > 'o 'fi vaccinated I .c .. Nu. E .c Successful. I a 13 Total. One and ~.s Under under six Total of one year. years. all aaea.
PAGE 85

82 VACCI STATEMENT No. I (b) .-ShowinR particulars of Urban Vaccinations -Primary Re-vaccination. -Vaccination, No. Divisions and Towns. Unknown. Total. Succe1sfuJ. Unknown. (1) Czl \13) (14) \15) (16) ARAKAN DIVISION-concld. I 1 Akyab ... 168 9,455 286 5,241 2 Kyaukpyu ... 20 610 34 104 3 Sandoway ... 17 782 20 34 I P1mu DIVISION-con~ld. 4 Rangoon ... 6,813 211,875 17,170 103,484 5 Pegu ... 157 4,115 223 2,993 6 Nyaunglebin" ... ... .. .. 7 Tharrawaddy ... 1,257 258 36 8 Thonze ... 5 1,043. 345 130 9 Zigon ... 93 1,343 354 265 10 Letpadan ... 49 1,358 412 396 11 Gyobingauk ... 3 1,372 n 2 12 Minhla ... 1,443 372 100 13 Nattalin ... 1,455 393 4 14 Syriam ... 29 10,266 424 3,303 15 Thongwa ... SS 2,765 483 794 16 Insein ... 36 2,757 543 1,041 17 Thamaing ... 7 2,545 282 330 18 Kamayut ... 19 3,537 306 549 19 Thingangyun ... 17 3,222 0249 46 :zo Kan be ... 19 3,862 260 60 21 Prome ... 22 Shwedaung ... ... . 23 Paungde ... 7 835 235 84 24 Toungoo ... 51 2,272 53 42 25 Shwegyln ... 1 1,026 I I 46 26 I'yu ... 30 865 96 111 lRRAWADDT DIVISION-contd. 27 Basaein ... ... 34 2,578 369 10 28 N gathainggyaung ... 23 1.413 348 372 29 !Cyonpyllw .. ... ... .. Annual Vaccination

PAGE 86

83 NATIO,N. (excluding Ja ils and Ports) of Burma durinR the vear 1947-contd. Percentage ot successrul cases i n w11 i c h the results were known. Number of all succeuful Average cost of Persons succ ess! T o tal cost of vaccinationa each successful fully vaccinated Vaccination and case pcrfof'med No. per 1 000 o f Department. re-vaccinations by the Vaccina oopulation. performed by tlon Staff. the Vaccination Primary. Re-Yaccination. Staff only. (17) (18) (19) (20) (21) (2%) (1) Ra A. P R1. A. P 54"81 6"78 17"82 3,489 2 4 679 5 2 2 1 56 44 6"27 38 "04 2,449 4 0 72. 8 3 8 0 2 74 44 3 09 37' 84 2,079 7 0 154 10 6 0 l -91'07 15 84 82 86 1 02,422 15 0 ... 0 6 11 4 100 00 5-42 42 40 ... 917 ... 5 ... . .. .. ... 6 100 00 2113 92 13 ... 657 .. 7 100 00 37-75 96"83 ... 771 6 68"45 32"84 99 '61 1,957 0 8 634 3 1 5 9 100 00 42'82 \17"86 998 0 0 l ,190 0 13 5 10 74 5 29 1,273 10 0 230 5 8 7 11 10000 21 135 00 1,440 4 0 609 2 5 10 12 10000 21 118 59 2,467 6 0 668 3 11 1 13 94'04 6'86 60"65 3,096 0 0 899 1 10 0 14 82'17 18'78 74'85 2,111 1 0 672 3 2 3 15 93 39 31"14 59 3 024 5 0 2,296 1 5 0 16 96"43 12-73 73'87 1,480 10 0 417 3 9 0 17 93 98 10 83 10 2,042 13 0 603 3 6 0 18-9949 8'09 55 48 1,741 1 0 443 3 14 11 19 77"68_ 7'02 68"13 1,741 1 0 448 3 11 11 20 ... ... .. ... .. ... 21 ... ... .. ... ... .. 22 100 36"09 62 76 1,416 8 0 846 1 10 9 23 ()1 2"37 23' 94 1,321 5 0 556 2 6 0 24 8 1 55 0 23'48 364 8 0 138 2 10 2 25 49 12 44 44 1,079 5 0 347 3 1 0 26 -' 9S'37 15 32 5 4,769 15 6 2,370 2 0 2 I 27 96 26 31'60 193'86 1,342 12 0 1,043 1 4 6 I 2& I ... ... ... 29 Report not received.

PAGE 87

'VACCI STATEMENT No. I (b).-Showing particulars of Urban Vaccinations ~-; "0 o-g~ -0 ~8 ~-" 'o a c-... 1:,:, u Ei i:. 0 :;J 0 =-"c. 0" :.::: C vE~ .!!:-0 .,,., .. :;J ... r: c. 0 ~g] o" p.. g <-Total number of persons No. Divisions and Towns. (1) (21 13) (4) SI (6) Male. Female. IRRAWADDY DIVISION-co11cld. 30 Henzada 28,542 2 3,878 2,464 31 Myanaung 9,072 l 1,476 1,529 32 Kyangin 33 Myaungmya 7,933 2 1,549 185 34 \Vakema 9,359 1 890 1,378 35 Moulmeingyun 7,747 1 1,620 1,711 36 Mau bin 8,8971 1 1,745 1 170 37 Yandoon 9,925 1 1,420 990" 38 Danubyu 6,334 I 1 1,671 1,588 39 Pyap6n 12,338 1 1,140 l.138 40 Kyaiklat 10,658 1 3,390 3,510 I TENASSERl~I DIVISION. 41 Thaton 16,851 2,331 1,530 42 Kyaikto 43 Moulmein 65,506 3 5,359 5.940 44 Kawkarcik 45 Tavoy 29,018 2 4,631 4,-159 46 Mergui 20,405 1 1,611 I ~67 MAG WE DIVISION. 47 Thayetmyo 9,279 1 1,696 1,619 48 Allanmyo 12,511 l 2,746 2,183 49 Minbu 6,005 1 514 582 so Salin 6,654 1 897 1,203 51 Magwe 52 Taungdwingyi 8,339 1 954 723 53 Y enangyaung 11,098 1 2,165 1,766 54 Chauk 12,830 1 1,508 1,424 55 Pakokku 23,115 1 803 763 Annual Vaccination

PAGE 88

85 NATION. ,(excluding Jails and Ports) of Bunna durinf!. the year 1947-contd. ~ .,.-.. u "u Primary Vaccination. "'" ;:,, 0-5 """ ~" e~ Successful. :;;,c111ated No, c-c ";l Total. One and .... Under t 8 under six Total of ~:B one year. years. all agu. (/) (8) \ (9) (10\ (11) (12) (j) -----------------Total. I I 6,342 3,171 1,140 3,005 3,005 390 587 488 1 1,095 30 190 200 390 I 31 32 3,400 1,700 1,113 2,268 2,268 460 3,331 3,331 1,268 2,915 2,915 524 2,410 2,410 229 3,259 I 3,259 370 2,278 2,278 996 6,900 6,900 1,714 440 563 1,025 33 66 369 435 34 125 784 1,099 35 427 97 524 36 189 27 216 37 198 159 357 38 404 329 816 39 341 119 1,592 4() 3,861 3,861 1,194 635 115 770 41 42 11,299 3,766 1,751 1,077 547 l,69S 41 44 9,090 4,545 2,588 1,127 580 1,707 45 2,478 1,880 1,002 352 257 738 46 3,315 3,315 556 95 300 395 47 4,929 4,929 1,248 453 431 901 48 1,096 1,096 542 224 245 469 49 2,100 2,100 367 212 142 358 so 51 1,677 1,677 443 118 118 236 52 3 931 3,931 577 243 277 520 53 2,932 2,932 640 121 307 428 54 1,566 1,566 605 i43 280 482 55 ,Report not receind.

PAGE 89

86 VACCI STATEMENT No. I (b).-Shvwing particulars of Urban Vaccinations Primary Re-vaccinat io n. Vaccination. No. Divisions and T owni. / Unknown. Total. Succesaful. Unknown. (1) (2\ \13) (14) (15) (16, -----------~--IRRA WADDY DIVllilON-concld. 30 Henzada .. 45 5,202 10:Z 914 31 Myanaung ... ... 2,615 324 ... 3:Z Kyangin ... ... .. -... ... 33 Myaungmya ... ... 88 2,287 3:28 631 34 Wakema ... .. 25 1,808 341 99 35 Moulmeingyu11 ... ... 124 2,063 432 750 36 Maubin ... ... .... 2,391 36 .. 37 Yandoon ... .. 13 2,181 ... 516 38 Danubyu ... ... 1 3 :Z,889 11:Z :139 39 Pyapon ... ... 111 1,2 8 2 7 5 420 40 Kyaiklat ... .. 122 5,186 33 547 TENASSRRIM DIVISION-cOncld 41 Thaton ... 263 2,667 115 1,911 42 Kyaikto ... ... ... ... ... 43 Mot:lniein ... 10 9,548 2,337 716 44 Kawlcareik ... ... ... ... ... 45 Tavoy ... 91 6,502 1,182 1,194 46 Mergui ... 44 1,476 22:2 210 MAOWK DIVISION-concld. 47 Thayetmyo ... 22 2,759 876 833 48 Allar:myo ... 63 3,61H 121 566 49 lriinbu ... 11 554 179 62 50 Salin ... 9 1,733 391 160 SI Magwe ... ... ... ... 52 Taungdwingyi ... .. 1,234 113 26 53 Y enangyaung ... 32 3,354 438 109 54 Chauk ... 212 2,292 25 37 55 Pakokku ... 45 961 55 I Annual Vaccinat ion

PAGE 90

87 NATION. (excluding Jails and Ports) of Burma during the year 1947-contd. Percentage of successful cases in which the results were Number of all known. successful Average cot of Persons success Total cost of vaccination& each successful and I fully vaccinated Vaccination reV&ccinations case ocrformed No. per 1.000 of Department, performed by by the Vaccinapopulation, the Vaccination !ion Staff. I Primar.y Revaccination. Staff only, \17) (18) (19) (20) (21) (22) (!) -----------Rs. A. P. Ra. A. P. 100 2'37 41'93 2,637 13 -o 1,197 2 3 11 30 100 12'39 78'70 1,964 4 0 714 2 12 0 31 ... ... .. ... ... ... 32 100 19'96 170'55 1 388 6 0 1,353 1 0 5 33 100'00 18'86 82'91 1,523 12 0 776 1 15 5 34 96 '07 32'90 197 62 2,380 7 0 1,531 1 8 11 35 100 00 1'51 62 94 1,634 10 0 560 2 14 7 36 100 ... 21'76 2,570 12 0 216 11 14 5 37 100 00 4'30 74'04 2,847 13 4 460 6 1 1 38 92'20 8'70 72'24 1 500 0 0 891 1 10 11 39 100 on 152'46 3,374 7 0 l,6:l5 2 5 2 40 82"71 15 52'52 2,489 12 0 885 2 13 0 41 ... ... ... ... ... 42 97 26'46 61'46 4,676 3 0 4,032 1 2 7 43 ... .. ... .. ... 44 68'36 22 27 99'56 5,910 5 0 2,889 2 0 9 45 78 68 17'54 47'04 2,444 10 8 974 2 8 2 46 73'9'1 36'10 13'69 3,628 2 0 1,884 114 9 47 76"03 3'86 81'69 3,916 15 0 1,022 3 13 4 48 88"32 36'38 107'91 2,565 12 0 648 3 15 0 49 100 24'85 112'56 1.678 12 0 749 2 3 0 so ... ... ... ... ... .. 51 53'27 9'35 41"85 2,438 10 0 349 5 11 0 52 95 16:56 10'64 4,489 12 0 958 0 13 0 53 100 1'10 29'90 2,433 2 8 ... 5 9 8 54 86"07 6'30 20'85 2,697 4 4 537 5 0 4 55 Report not receiTOd,

PAGE 91

88 (l) 56 57 58 "59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 VACCI STATEMENT No. I (b).-Showing Particulars of Urban Vaccittatious: -~-":, C"' Co it~ 'Hj ..9 'o :o :l -il ot a .8-e Divlelons and Towns: tl s;:. Total number of Derso115 0 c-:, 0 0'00 c-a :::, C u 8..: .!!:a '""11 "" ::! .. C, 0 1i! ~l 0 u !l. <--(2) (3J (4) (5) (6) -----------Male. Female. MANDALAY DIVISION Mandalay ... 134,950 8 26,215 24,030 Maymyo 16,586 1 2,606 1,624 ~1yitnge ... ... .. .. Kyauksi: ... 7,353 1 1,342 1,168 l\:leiktila ... 8,830 1 585 305 Myingyan ... 25,457 1 930 673 Nyaung-U ... 8,118 1 119 162 Yamethin_ ... 9,291 1 1,426 1,348 Pyinmana ... 17,656 1 2,095 1,350, Pyawbwe .. ... .. SAGAING DIVISION. Shw.ebo ... ... .. .. YeU ... 3,739 1 624 678: Sag:ling ... 14,127 .. 750 531 Myinmu 5,072 1 527 490 Monywa ... 10,800 1 1,459 902 Bhamo ... 8,011 1 744 419 Myitkyina ... ... i\lawlaik ... .. ------Total ... 1,294,154 93 '..176,961 191,151 -----------------FEDERATED SHAN STATES. Lashio ... 4,638 1 1,541 1,214 l'aunggyi ... .. I ... .. Ka law ... ... --.------Total ... 1 1,541 1,214 111 Annual Vaccination

PAGE 92

NATION. (excluding Jails and Ports) of Bunna durinR ihe year 1947-contd. vaccinated. "'' ga tB "'; 'o 'fi .... "" .0 ... g .0 Primary Vaccination Success ful. C:;; ~] Total. On e and 11, e,. ..; o~ti:~r. under s ix T 1o1 tal o f < __. .S years a ages. No. 171 \8) 191 (10) (11) (121 ul -----______ ______ ------1-------1----------. Total 50,245 4 230 2,510 890 1,603 281 2,774 3,445 ... l,30l 1,281 1,017 2,361 1,163 ... ... 46~ ,112 2,755 2,755 E~port not rcccivc
PAGE 93

90 VACCI STATEMENT No. I (b).~howinf!. particulars of Urban Vaccinations Primary Re-vaccination. Vaccination, No. Di visions and Towns. Unknown. Total. Successful. Un kn:own. -(1) (2) (13) <14) (15) \ 16) --------------------MANDALAY DIVISION-Concld. 56 Mandalay ... 175 39,842 4,474 4,416 57 Maymyo 165 3,507 11 1,433 58 Myitnge ... ... ... . .. 59 Kyaukse ... 28 2,216 338 403 60 Meiktila ... 8 689 28 271 61 Myihgyan ... 72 1,166 8 351 62 Nyaung-U ... .. 280 10 75 63 Yamt:lhin ... 88 2,155 423 326 64 Pyinmana ... 29 2,771 86 210 65 Pyawbwe ... ... .. .. SAGAING DIVISION-concld. 66 Shwebo ... ... .. 67 Ye-U ... 2 994 274 87 68 Sag::iing 12 1,022 43 176 ... 69 Myinmu ... 64 791 99 232 70 Monywa ... so 1,968 62 417 71 Bhamo ... 26 762 52 152 72 l\Iyitkyina ... .. 73 i\Iawlaik ... .. ... -----------.. Total ... 9,715 396,879 37,333 140,305 -----------------FEDERATED SHAN STATES-concld. Lashi.o ... 2,492 885 212 Taunggyi ... ... ... ... ... l{alaw ... ... ... .. ------------T-0tal ... 2,492 885 212 A.noual Vaccination

PAGE 94

91 NATION. (e.r:cluding Jails and Ports) of Burma durin1! /1,e year 1947-concld. Percentage of successful case~ in which the results were known. Number of all successf ul Persons success-vacci nations Average cost a fully vaccinated Tola! cost of and each successful No per 1,000 of Vaccination re-vaccinations ease pt::rformcd population Dcpa,rtmcnt. pcrf armed by by the Vaccina_ Prin1arv. Rc-vacd11ation. the Vacchation tion Staff. S t nff only. (17) (18) (19) (201 (21) (221 ------(1) ------------------------------Rs. A. P. Rs. A P 95'88 12 96'54 23,512 8 7 14,281 10 4 56 84 76 0 J
PAGE 95

VACCINATION. APPENDIX A.-Statement showing the mtmber of vaccinations performed in Municipal Towns and Not ified Areas (to which the Vaccination Act has been extended) on chil1fren under one year of age. Towns. (1) Number o f births durin,,:( the year. (2) (3) (4) Date of extension of Vaccination Act of 1880. (5) Date of extension of Vaccination Law Amendment Act of 1909. (6) ------------. ----------------------Akyab Minbya Kyaukpyu Sando way Rangoon* Pegu Nyaunglebin Tharrawaddy Thonze Zigon Letpadan Gyobingauk Minhla Nattalin Syriam Thongwa Insein Thamaing Thingangyun Kan be Kamayut Prome Shwedaung Paungde Bassein Ngathainggyaung Kyonpyaw Henzada Myanaung Kyangin Myaungmya Waliema Moulmeingyun Mau bin 334 185 136 13,950 711 309 224 295 232 283 222 163 146 727 230 624 177 256 295 355 451 156 251 1,948 254 239 931 230 127 460 235 335 431 14 33 15 4,379 195 70 34 46 57 73 69 19 13 120 38 174 81 135 89 186 94 28 47 625 60 56 394 32 24 138 121 159 113 170 27 42 9,432 255 80 111 196 235 61 159 123 276 84 300 61 131 104 141 381 1,649 244 58i 190 440 66 125 427 August 1883 4th March 1930 .. April 1894 September 1890 April 1884 March 1893 29th March 1910 October 1897 .. Do. 11th May 1914 ... January 1897 February 1897 .. 11th May 1914 ... Do. 29th January 1913 3rd March 1914 14th March 1912 26th May 1926 Do. Do. Do June 1890 10th Sept. 1917 August 1890 September 1888 February 1890 .. 26th Dec. 1923 .. January 1889 July 1889 August 1894 June 1894 27th April 1907 20th July 1925 Odober 1891 1111 Includes Cantonment. 29th March 1910. 9th Sept. 1931. 29th March 1910. Do. 1st May-1909 29th March 1910 Do. 23rd July 1929. 29th March 1910. 9th Sept. 1915. 29th March 1910 Do. 9th Sept. I 915. Do 29th January 1913 3rd March 1914. 14th March 1912 26th May 1926. Do. Do. Do. 29th March 1910 23rd July 1929. 29th March 1910. Do Do. 23rd July 1929 29th l\farch 1910. Do. Do. Do. Do 20th July 1925. 29th l\farch 1910.

PAGE 96

93 VACCINATION. APPENDIX A.-Statmzent showill.f!. the 1111mbe1 of vaccinations performed in Municipal Towns aizd Notifi e d Areas (to which the Vaccination Act has been exteiided) 011 children under one year of aJte-concld. Towns. (1) --------y D p andoon anubyu yapon yaiklat baton yaikto K T K M K T M oulmein awkareik avoy ergui Toimgoo Shwegyin Pyu T A hayeunyo llanmyo Minbu Salin agwe M T aungdwingyi Y enangyaung Chauk Pakokku Mandalay* Maymyo Myitnge Kyaukse Meiktila Myingyan Nyaung-u Yamethin Pyinmana Pyawbwe Bhamo Myitkyina Shwebo Ye-u Sagaing Myinmu Mawlaik Monywa Total Lashio Kalaw Taunggyi Total ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... . ... ... ... ... .... . . ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Number of birth s during the ye ar. ( 2) ---261 304 421 396 824 193 1,950 335 715 621 544 158 435 261 432 227 177 221 413 427 122 709 5,974 805 90 132 171 703 97 188 535 212 195 201 417 139 325 198 64 429 46,923 211 159 578 Number of death s Number of among success ful Date of extension of children operati ons Date of exten s ion o f Vaccination Law under 011 children Vaccination Act Amendment Act of und e r one of 1880. one year Yt:ar during 1909. during the year. the year. (3) (4) (5) (6) ----------------,-94 189 January 1892 29th March 1910. 84 198 9th July 1909 .. 23rd July 1929. 51 404 November 1904 29th March 1910. 149 341 15th Dec. 1904 .. Do 166 635 October 189 L Do. 55 March 1897 ... Do 488 1,077 August 1885 .. Do 70 .. September 1914 17th Sept. 1914. 31 1,127 December 1889 29th March 1910. 313 352 October 1891 ... Do 60 167 May 1889 .. Do. 17 101 January 1890 .. Do. 67 40 January 1920 .. 17th January 1920 166 95 May 1889 .. 29th March 1910. 84 453 !\fay 1901 Do. 40 224 March 18% Do. 64 212 Do .. Do. 50 10th March 1913 loth March 1913. 148 118 February 1893 ... 29th March 1910. 170 243 10th March 1913 10th March 1913. 79 121 20th May 1929 .. 23rd July 1929. 357 143 April 1892 ... 29th March 1910 t,914 5,192 August 1891 ... Do. 157 325 October 1912 22nd October 1912. 10 .. 4th June 1930 ... 4th June 1930. 22 178 May 1894 29th March 1910 71 56 June 1\/0(i 31st July 1922. 302 190 September I lS9 I 29th March 1910 40 30th August 1921 30th August 1921. 15 77 February 1892 29th March 1910. 231 181 November J891 Do. 68 .. May 1912 ... 23rd July 1929 25 94 26th October 1894 29th March 1910. 15 6th :\fay 1929 ... 23rd July 1929. 82 .. June 1894 .. 29th March 1910. 41 240 2nd April 1929 .. 23rd July 1929. 146 46 April 1894 ... 29th March 1910. 59 35 5th October 1926 5th October 1926. 25 ... 31st Dec 1930 31st Dec.1930. 140 84 March 1893 ... 29th March 1910. 13,897 29,035 26 103 25th July 1927 ... 25th July 1927 1 ... Do. ... Do. 73 ... Do. ... Do. --ioo 103 In cludcs Cantonmcuts.

PAGE 97

94 STATEMENT A.-Shvwi11g iotai income from all soiirccs and cxpcndiluic Water s crial T o tal r e ce ipt s Total exo c n ctitur c No. N a me of Divisions including o p enini:!. o n Public H ealth balanc e. purposes Capit a l Outlay. (t) (Z) (3) l4) \5) Rs A P. Rs A P. Rs. A. P. Towns in-1 Arakan Division ... 1,66,814 14 2 2,15,296 3 3 2 Pegu Division .. ... 2,09,83.608 13 11 83,93,112 5 6 18,221 8 0 3 lrrawaddy Divisi0n 18, 52,487 9 8 9,08 177 9 9 4 Tenasserim Division ... 13,05,239 0 0 8 ,11,266 14 9 5 Magwe Division 9,59,762 12 0 3,80,676 8 6 6 Mandalay Division ... 13,72,032 5 9 9,25,999 10 0 7 Sagaing Di,ision ... 13,55,972 1 0 2,41,lfl 5 6 ---------------T0tal ... 2,i9, 95,917 8 6 1,18,75,712 9 3 18,221 8 0 ------------Districts in-8 Arnkan Division ... 78,M9 14 0 9 Pegu Division ... .. 6,90,989 15 0 3,49,486 2 0 10 lrrawadcly Division 9,(,7,717 0 4 2 91,576 10 0 11 Tenasserim Divisi o n 4,51,273 0 0 76,958 1 0 12 Magwe Division ... 4,77,263 15 0 1,92,321 1 0 13 Mandalay Di, ision ... 5,24,139 10 6 1,73,415 14 0 14 Sagaing Dids ion ... 5,71,502 0 0 2,41,637 3 6 ... ---Total ... 36,82,885 8 10 14,04 244 13 6 ... --------------------GRAND TOTAi,, BURMA ... 3,16,78 803 I 4 1 32,79 957 (J 9 1 8,221 8 0 --------Federated Shan States-1 Towne ... 5,25,423 10 0 2.30,225 12 0 2 Rural Areas ... ... 1,05 668 1 0 ... ----------------Total ... 5 25,423 10 0 3,35,893 13 0

PAGE 98

on Public Health purposes duri11g tltcfinancial year 1946-47. Supply. Drainage .. Conscrv:1ncy (including toad cleaning a11cl Serial E.,tablishmcnt Establishment walering):i.nd No. repairs, etc. Capital Outlay. repairs, etc. latrines. (6) (7) (8) (9) _{_!)_ Rs. A. P. Rs. A P Rs. A P. Rs. A. P. 55,766 12 ol 5,250 9 0 89,448 8 9 l 15,43,321 3 3 4,921 15 0 4,88,450 12 40,17,526 1 2 2 6,677 6 0 993 12 0 22,227 15 0 5,54,514 13 0 3 22i 9 0 1,222 15 0 3,00,923 8 9 4 98,194 12 9 15,434 1 0 1,47,360 15 0 5 8,958 2 6 57,919 8 0 4,14,401 1 0 6 345 12 0 ... 1,851 2 0 J,50,G32 10 6 7 -----------17,13,541. 9 6 5,915 11 0 5,92,356 14 3 56,74,207 10 2 .. ----------------------23,167 1 0 8 I ,03, 158 14 0 9 350 0 0 78,089 13 0 10 7,892 5 0 11 330 0 0 75,001 6 0 12 79,812 7 3 13 3,747 11 0 ... 74,759 0 6 14 -----------------------------4,427 11 0 ... 4,41,880 14 9 -------------------------------17,17,969 4 l) 5,915 11 0 5,92,356 14 3 41,16,088 8 11 ----.-------------------------48,795 iO 0 10,901 10 6 83,266 14 6 1 2 ... ... --------,----------------------48,795 10 0 10,901 10 6 83,266 14 () I

PAGE 99

96 Seria No. (1) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 2 -I I STATEMENT A .-Showzng total 111co111e from all souras and ,xpendiiure -Epidemic charges Registration of Nam e of Divisions. Vaccination. B i r t hs and (including plague). Deat hs. 12\ (10) (11) (12) --. Rs. A, P Rs. A. P. R s A P. Towns in-Arakan Division ... 316 3 0 5,863 7 0 2,5 2 6 15 6 Pegu Division ... ... 1, 15,423 9 9 l ,69,79, 15 6 1,05,463 8 0 Irrawaddy Division ... 33,335 10 0 39,032 2 0 14. 630 8 0 Tenasserirn Division ... 2,336 11 0 8,426 3 0 3,926 14 0 Magwe Division ... 4,975 0 0 9,378 14 0 2 ,175 14 0 Mandalay Division ... 43,823 13 6 18,860 8 0 7,934 5 0 Sagaing Division ... 4,152 10 0 6,108 9 0 577 4 0 Total ... 2,04,363 9 3 2,57,464 10 6 1,37,235 4 6 -------Districts in-Arakan Division ... 22,742 13 0 Pegu I.Jhision ... ... 1,830 10 0 63,969 5 0 Irrawaddy Division 1,321 14 0 60,877 7 0 Tenasser;rn Division ... 976 7 0 53,085 13 0 Magwe Division ... 4,246 2 0 60,085 14 0 Mandalay Division ... 1,401 7 0 51,692 13 0 Sagaing Division ... 6,978 6 0 80,103 s 0 .. Total ... 14,924 4 0 3,92,557 6 0 ... ---------------------G RAND TOTAL, BURMA ... .2,19,287 13 3 6,50,022 0 6 1,37,235 4 6 --------Federated Shan States-Towns ... 5,924 1 0 4,075 10 0 391 12 0 Rural Areas ... 15,083 4 0 44,802 12 0 ... ---------Total ... 21,007 5 0 48,878 6 0 391 12 0

PAGE 100

97 on Public Health purposes during tit, financial year 1946-47-concld. ------------~----Charges on account Markets and of H calth Officers Other Sanitari Remarks. Serial slatH:!hter-houscs. and Public Health requirements. No. I nspecfors. (13) (14) (15) (16) (t) Rs. A. P, Rs. A, P. Rs. A. P. 33,678 8 0 16,461 9 0 6,005 11 0 1 7,91,498 6 9 7,13,797 5 0 5,05,290 14 0 2 2,18,596 2 3 53,039 11 0 11,145 6 0 3 38,323 0 0 53,258 9 0 15,591 15 0 4 61,934 4 0 22,264 8 0 24,769 4 0 5 2,25,180 9 6 98,759 0 0 46,716 1 6 6 26,766 5 0 41,283 15 0 9,965 2 0 7 ------------------------13,95,977 3 6 9,98,864 9 0 6,19,484 5 6 ------------32,940 0 0 8 79,817 13 0 63,378 7 0 1,570 3 0 9 31,301 8 6 87,758 6 0 6,747 7 0 10 28,321 0 0 13,817 10 0 8,525 1 6 11 43,428 2 0 9,764 l 0 13,665 10 0 12 2'(i,77Z 0 g 20,554 2 0 4,530 2 0 13 42,359 3 0 44,173 6 0 938 14 0 14 ----------------------2,50,999 10 6 2,72,386 0 0 35,977 5 6 -----------16,46,976 14 0 12,71,250 9 0 6,S5,461 11 0 ------41,277 8 0 r 14,744 8 0 54,568 5 0 1 ... 38,242 13 0 72,683 0 0 2 41,277 52,987 5 0 ---1 8 0 1,27,251 5 0 j

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98. APPEN STATEMENT B.-Table showing Health Services in Rural. and ---------------------------------------------------. Divi sions :J.nci Dis tricts. ---(1) -----Akyab .. Arakau Hill Tracts Kyaukpyu Sandoway Rangoon Pegu Tharrawaddy Hanthawacldy Insein Prome Toungoo Bassein Henzada Myaungmya Mau bin Pyapon Salween That on Amherst Tavoy Mergui Thayetmyo Minbu Magwe Pakokku Chin Hills Mandalay Kyaukse Meiktila Myingyan Yamethin Bhamo .. Myitkyina Shwcbo .. llfogok Subdivision Sagaing Katha Upper Chindwin Lower Chindwin Northern Shan States Southern Shan States Provincial ... M e dical Officers of Health. Wholetime. (2) 1 -1 Part limc. 13) \Vholc timc. ~ I I Parttimc. (51 Rural Areas 2 l 2 4 4 2 1 4 3 3 3 3 1 3 3 1 2 I 2 2 3 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 1 2 1 3 2 3 3 2 1 1 Vaccinator s 11 3 6 3 8 10 8 s 8 u 1 12 121 12 ~I 4 12 8 5 s 8 6 7 10 7 4 4 4 10 s 6 7 9 l 6 7 8 7 24 21 _l9_>_ ::c "' :i5 -~ s. :.l (10) 14(<1) Total --4------.. -.-1-85 ,-8 321--,--(a) Epidemic Sub-Assistant Surgeons. (bl One Special Leprosy Officer ; one Sub-ARsistant Surgeon 'attacheq to the Bacteriological Port Health Departments, Rangoon and Akyab. NoTE .-In addition to the above the following personnel were employed : -One Hygiene Publicity Offi cer : one Assistant Malarialogist and one Health Officer,

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DICES. Urban Aruis of Burma during 1947. .. :5 :;; ii .. :i: 0 Mu, o,ii ""' .c .. .c .. u-Ou5 mm ___lt!L. 6(b Medical Officers of Health, Holdlng)),P.H. Whole-Part-time. time. _J_QL_ ~4) 6 l Holding L.P.H. Wholetime: ... 1 1 Par!-time. "' ... u i:,: u -6 : f .... ::S.!t -1!Z2_ 2 12 1 1 Urban Ar~as .c :i:.3 "u -u :g "'1 1 36 2 7 2 3 4 3 4 3 3 3 2 ::z 6 l 1 2 2 4 2 1 1 1 3 1 i 2 1 i 1 2 'o d ., 0 2~ u" u-c." a~ -> ... 10 / -~ 2 : 21 124 Vaccinators .; :a 1 1 23 2 7 2 3 3 3 4 4 4 3 2 2 3 2 1 2 1 4 l 8 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 cl .. E u r.. ....Q!2__ ::i .. in .!! E u .,, s. r.l _Jill_ 99 ,---.. u :;; :5 )! .. u _f :i:: Ou ]tt: OU -" 16 i5b5 c>lo __lli2_ ------------102 40 Section of the Harcourt Butler lo1titute,R;mgoon ; four Sub-Assistant S1:rgeons attached to the Rimgoon Airport Mfngaladori. 8

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100 APPEN STATEMENT C.-Table showing Maternity and Child Welfare Centres, Health Akyab Kyaukpyu Sandoway Rangoon Pegu Tharrawaddy Hanthawaddy Insein Pro me Toungoo Bassein Henzada Myaungmya Mau bin Pyapon Salween Thaton Amherst Tavoy Mergui Thayetmyo Minbu Magwe Pakokku Chin Hills Mandalay Kyaukse Meiktila Myingyan Yamethin Bhamo Myitkyina Shwebo Sagaing Katha Upper Chindwin Lower Chindwin Districts. (!) Naga Hill, ... Northern Shan States Southern Shan States Total Government. Rural. (2) Urban. (3/ Alalernity and Centres maintained by Local and 11 unicipal Bodies. Rural. (4) Urban. (5) 2 -------:-~--------: 2

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DICES. 101 Visitors and Trained Midwives iti Rural atzd Urban Areas i,z Burma duritif! 1947 Child We Jfare Visitors. Trained MidwiYcs. Trained Dais. Othet Alltnciu. Rural-Urban. Rural. Urban. Rural. Urba11. Rural. Urban, (6) 17) (8) (9) (10) (11) (11) (U) 1 1 1 1 5 4 5 3 5 i 2 1 1 6 3 1 6 5 5 2 :1 2 1 1 7 4 1 1 6 5 2 1 3 8 3 2 2 1 1 8 2 1 1 10 5 2 2 4 2 2 1 2 5 1 3 1 3 11 2 1 3 1 1 1 1 2 31 1 1 3 l 1 1 1 2 11 2 2 4 1. 3 l 1 1 27 1 .--2--1--17 __ ____ .....J ___ 20 __ ___ 13_5 __ __ ,9_3 _____ __

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. .BIRnt, DEATH AND INFANT .MORTALITY RA-T'E.S TM Sl.tRMA .. 30 BIRTH PER t.000 ._/i I I RATC i I .... ? _, i /'A,/~ /V\V r ,. t 1 OF POPULAT1 _?N jJ I j / .~ \ _., -l ---..... 6' .. \ I ,.< \ \ I\ ,,, / .I __ 25 .. 1 5 n v-1\ / -. J\.A I \/\J I ;;):,} I r --I . r c,-_ .,.-4 20 1 0 s I I I I t I I I \ I I I I I I I I ,,,., ..... ... .,. .. C ... 1 11 ,! : f 11 I f I f t t f I I I I I I I 18 72-4() 35 30 2.5 20 1 5 10 l>EATH OF .. -.. ~ "\, lS't 2 1902 19 2 I RATE PER 1000 ,. POPULATION ,.-..... .,., /\ l ~ 'q,11 \ [\ i ;j l I '", f I! '\ .... "' ~(t. -'\J --I 192. 2 i932 1942 I .... t l < ........... ,,,, \ I. l .}\ __ .,~ \ ,.; \{ \: \, v ...... .,~ _,-__ I l r; "" -_ .... .... ---. t I ( I I l I ,,,,l1u..!: ;;JJJ. 1d I I I I I I, ( I I I I i i I I, I I I I 1--1 l ,i It ,J,., .. l L "-L-1 lS 72.. 18 S 2 1892 190?.. 19121 1922 1932 1942 2. 00 15 0 100 so i I I \ I 188 2 \ 1892. l '10 2 19}'2. 1932 1942 o. LIB. C-A 0 .NO. 4S. 0 M.h'.J. 4 o. fl3.. .V 40 35 30 2 r. ~) '1 5 1 0 5 40 3S 30 25 20 15 IC 5 300 50

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5a.,dowa)' A~yab Minbu Hiohla Kyau kpy"Thon'Ze s:,riam yam et hi n Maymyo Nattalln Pyu Shwe~yin Tharrawaddy Shwebo MyinmLL Kawkareik Kyonpyaw Ma~we Tounqoo Mandalay Pydwbwe 'je.t.1 z,~on Pya pon Thongwa Mau bin N 'la""'! tebin Atta n m yo Basse in That on K ~anf ri Ta-voy Ta"n9dw ,..,9y Letpaaa ... Ngathai n 99yau Kyau kse 1Zan9001'l Myanaun9 I nse in 'Shwedaung Danubyu Myaun9mya Ha.., zada Moutmei,.., C. yo bil'l!J<1Uk Monywa Pro me M.t.in9ya" Sa Un Meikti la 1-, 0 t" c:1c 0 ~~~i::_ 11 \ 111 __ ..__[_j l'-' r') 0 r-> "' '.) .... 0 "' OOO 0 !'> ';2 :3 0:, fT'I 0 -JO ...... 0 ..,. ;j '"n ,...,. .:,' "'.) 'd < I>) (t> p) l:T:I -:I j )> -I rT .; 1:::1 ~ :x (t> (t> tl u, > p, p, r"T ,..,. r:T ;y' ""' rr (I) "' t>1 ;:r (I) ?' Cl) -I )> Ill 0 -I 0 "' en -I ;::o ...... -I (") ::c: Cl.) z ('") ::t -I )> 0 ?:I -\ z en 'Z .....

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3 .001, 2..75 2 5 0 t: '.1..'lt L. r 2. tV, t-t. l: .. 5G t : F I : r i: '25 I ; i : : -/, I;, :j :'b \ / ... ...... : f-.i: r :, ;,: .v 0 .'75 C.50 0.25 ., !j J I I \ I 0.00 L..L.Ll.. )Ii l I I. I 6 v,!J CP 0.NC, ~.S. ,:, /1-1.!,'.,S: AJ. 6 Q!>, ? i, Ii / I I I I I 0 II I 1 j! .: 'i I j I I I \ I \_/ I I I I t I :1 i.i .1 i : O i ,/ ... : i' i \ I VITAL STATl.~nci C HSi<.T lll. t ~1-;rr-r-r-r-.--.-,-.,-,-r,r-,-,.-r-r-r--r"T"-,-'T"-r-"T"-r"T""-r-..-.-,-r.-j u s ~. !\ 0 1 / !1 1 1 !\ l.LS ,, :Jt ,, 1.so 1.00 0 _: r, I : I I\ I 1-v i 's O.S() 0 .75 \ : /'/1 \ r,. ff \Jx i :, ~ / \ 1 ~ \' I \ o ~\j /t 1 f ,~ V : \ f : I :'I \ iV\ / )\/.o {\ \/. ,\ o_.. ... ~ ~<-. v i-r I : 0 / I c. \ / \ I ). o/ \J I I 11 "" i \ :, I I I : 1 i .. : }-.,_, i I ,e; / I,> _.. + > P .... ~ 'o : ;, ~ ,1 ~.:.-. K \./,:/\ 1 ;-+ 1 ', 0 O '~-;.; ....... 'I' \ o 'I', ..,. 't 'r .\ ~ o.'.ls It; I I t I I & ..i.........J..t--1...J I i f I I : I l J \ ~... t I f I P I I I I I I 6 l ~:.(; ,/J; ~ ; f : ) e l ~.lj Q,QQ R i:.FER E l'llt Elli : Cl,olera death rate s .,,.11. pox pi ,gue C Chofe,-a(DealhNte ,nlovvsonfy) S Sn,a(tpo P -P(a r,ue