Malay-English Vocabulary

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Malay-English Vocabulary Containing Over 7000 Malay Words or Phrases with Their English Equivalents, Together with an Appendix of Household, Nautical and Medical Terms, Etc.
Shellabear, W.G. (William Girdlestone), 1862-1947.
Place of Publication:
Methodist Pub. House
Publication Date:
2d ed. enlView all editions and formats

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Malay language -- Dictionaries -- English


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xii, 157 pages

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SOAS, University of London
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Malay-English Vocabulary
Containing over 7000 Malay Words or Phrases
with their English equivalents, together with
Of Household, Nautical
and Medical Terms etc.

Missionary of the Methodist Episcopal Church
Author of "A Practical Malay Grammar" etc.
Second Edition, Devised and Enlarged. Price $2.0O.
Pkinted and published bv the Methodist Publishing House,

This vocabulary has been prepared for use in connection with my
Practical Malay Grammar." It was originally intended to incorpor-
ate with the Grammar an English-Malay and a Malay-English Voca-
bulary, each containing some three or four thousand words, but in
view of the fact that most people require a vocabulary containing as
"large a number of words as possible and are subjected to much dis-
appointment and annoyance when they find that their vocabulary does
not contain just the very word which they require, it has been thought
"better to publish the vocabularies separately and to make them as
complete as is consistent with the.'low price at which such works are
expected to sell. " - .
The list of words which is here buffered-, to '-the public contains over
.six thousand words and phrases. .In such? ii list it is of course impos-
sible to include all the Malay wor^s which may1 be met with in even a
very limited range of Malay "reading, and-the student will no doubt
meet with some expressions in conversation with Malays which will
not be found in this vocabulary-:' <: Great care, however, has been
taken in the selection of the words, and it is hoped that very few
which are in common use or are likely to be needed by the student in
the first two or three years of his study of the language have been
In this vocabulary, as in the Practical Malay Grammar," the
Malay words are printed in roman letters only. Comparatively few
Europeans, make any serious attempt to learn the Arabic character, and
those who do will no doubt require a dictionary rather than a voca-
bulary. The omission of the Arabic characters has enabled the
printers to put out this work in a very compact form and at a cost
considerably below what it would otherwise have been.
The great defect of Malay vocabularies printed in the Roman
character has always been the difficulty of finding many of the words
owing to variations of spelling. This has been particularly the case
in regard to the romanization of the short vowel sound, which even
rin the same work has been represented by different letters in different
words, according to the derivation of the word or the fancy of the
author, so that in many cases the student has had to hunt for a word
In two or three different places before he has been able to find it.
This difficulty has been obviated in this work by the adoption of the
.same system of romanization which has been used in my Grammar and
in all the other Malay publications of the Methodist Publishing House.

y Preface.
Its peculiar feature is the entire omission of the short vowel. This;
makes it just as easy to find a word containing the short vowel as it is
in a Malav dictionary printed in the Arabic character, for instead of
having to. look lip such a word as nschaya or psaVa under two or three
different vowels, the student will be able to find it at once from the
sound. It is believed that this will be found to be a very great ad-
The introduction should be carefully studied by those who desire
to make an intelligent use of this vocabulary. Part of the introduc-
tion has been reproduced from the Grammar, but there will also be
found a large amount of entirely new matter explaining the use of
prefixes and suffixes, the accentuation of Malay words, and the use
and pronunciation of foreign words, etc. The student should not fail
to make the fullest use of the Grammar, not only on account of the
importance of thoroughly understanding the grammatical construction
of the language, but also because he will otherwise be unable to pro-
tit by the frequent references made in the vocabulary to the numbers:
of the paragraphs in the Grammar, where fuller information will be
found in regard to the use of certain words than could be given in a
Derived words will only be found under their roots. Owing to
the immense number and variety of the derived forms in the Malay
language, this is the only arrangement which is at all satisfactory, and
has been adopted in all dictionaries and in one or two vocabularies.
At first the student will no doubt have some difficulty in finding out
what is the root of some of the derivatives, and it will be necessary
for him to make himself thoroughly acquainted with the use of pre-
fixes and affixes; this, however, will be found to be a blessing in dis-
guise. for it is impossible to read or speak the Malay language intelli-
gently without a thorough understanding of the derived forms.
An appendix containing lists of English words with their Malay
equivalents has been added. The vocabulary itself contains many
similar lists ; for instance a list of the different classes of workmen will
Ire found under lul-anj, a list of the classifiers or numeral coefficients;
under s-, cloths under I. a in, stones under batv, etc. The lists of nauti-
cal terms and diseases should be of special use to sailors and doctors
respectively, and housekeepers will find a very complete list of foods
and household terms.
In the preparation of this vocabulary I ant particularly indebted-
to Favre's Malay-French Dictionary and to Klinkert's Malay-Dutch
Pocket Dictionary. When in doubt as to the precise meaning of a
word I have occasionally referred to Wilkinson's Dictionary, Part I,
but as the second part has not yet been published this work has only
been referred to in regard to such words as come in the first half of
the Malay alphabet. Mv list of words has been compared with other
vocabularies in order to ensure that no important word has been
omitted. Several alterations and additions have been made at the

suggestion of Dr. Dueling, and my thanks are due to him for the
valuable assistance which he has rendered ine by reading and criticis-
ing the manuscript previous to publication.
Singapore, July, 1002.
The demand for a new edition of this vocabulary has enabled
me to correct a few errors which crept into the first edition, and to add
a number of words which, though not in frequent use, are liable to be
met with by the student.
An attempt has also been made in this edition to indicate words
which are peculiar to the Malay spoken by the Babas," or Straits-
born Chinese, and some of their differences of pronunciation. The
difference between Baba Malay, and the language as it is spoken by the
Malays themselves, consists, however,, not merely in such variations as
can be shown in a vocabulary. There is a radical difference in the
structure of the sentences. For the most part the same words are used,
but the idiom is different, and would require a more thorough elucida-
tion than could be given in the introduction to a vocabulary. It is
hoped, however, that the Baba Malay words here given, marked (B.),
will help to explain some of the peculiarities of pronunciation met
with in the Settlements, where Chinese influence predominates.
W. G. S.
Singapore, July, 1012.

The Vowels.
Tlie five vowels have the continental sounds:
a as in father. o as in hole.
e as the ey in they. u as in rude,
i as in ravine.
In open syllables these vowel sounds have always a greater degree
of intensity than in closed syllables.
In addition to the above there is in Malay, as in nearly all Orien-
tal languages, another simple vowel sound which is often called the
short vowel sound. In the different systems of romanizing, this short
vowel sound has been variously represented by a, a, e, e, i, i, u, u;
but all these different methods of representing this vowel sound are
open to the great objection that they mislead Europeans and even
natives into giving it an incorrect pronunciation, and in a dictionary
they have the additional disadvantage of giving rise to so much divers-
ity and uncertainty in the spelling of words containing the short
vowel that prolonged search is often necessary before it can be dis-
covered which of these vowels has been used by the lexicographer to
represent the short vowel in the particular word which is being sought
for. Experience has shown that the best way to spell words contain-
ing the short vowel with a view to helping the student to a correct
pronunciation, is to omit the vowel altogether, and it is believed that
the omission of the vowel will obviate the difficulty of finding such
words in the vocabulary. The exact sound of the short vowel should
be learnt if possible from a Malay; it is almost identical with the
half-vowel sound in the first syllable of such words as machine and
" balloon."
When two vowels come together, both must be sounded, but the
first must be run into the second; thus au has very nearly the sound
of ow in "cow," as pisau, mau; and oi lias almost the sound of the
English i in "ice," as, surgai, pakai.
The consonants in Malay are pronounced as in English, except
that the r should always be sounded much more clearly and with more
of a riig than in English. The consonant rg represents a single sound
in Malay, and should be pronounced like the ng in "singer," never as
in single;" the latter sound is represented in Malay by rgg; thus the
two sounds are found in the words: si-rga and sirg-gah. The letter k
in Malay when it occurs at the end of a word is not sounded like the

English k, but the syllable in which it occurs must be pronounced
very short indeed, and the breath drawn in so as to produce the
shortening of the sound. The apostrophe at the end of a syllable
indicates a similar abrupt sound. Final h has also the effect of
shortening the last syllable, but not more than half as much as final k.
In the transliteration of the purely Arabic letters no distinction
lias been made between ^ and b; ^ and ^; ^ and ; or ^
and The other Arabic letters have been transliterated as fol-
lows: A. th, £ kh, j dli, ^ z, J. sh, dl, k tl, £gh, f.
The nasal letter 'ain ^ which changes its sound according to the
vowel written with it, is represented by a rough breathing (') placed
before the vowel. The purely Arabic letters given above are very
generally mispronounced by Malays, dh being pronounced as z, th as
s, and sometimes f as p, and z as j. Such words are given in the
vocabulary under both letters in order to make it easy for the student
to find them; thus idhin will also be found under izin, and thai at ha
under salasa.
Orthographic Signs.
As already stated, the inverted comma represents the Arabic nasal
letter 'ain. It is placed before the vowel which has the nasal sound,
as in the words 'alam, 'ilmu, m'alim, do'a.
The apostrophe represents the Arabic sign hamzah, both at the
end of a word as described above and also in the middle of a word
between two vowels, where it indicates that the vowels must be pro-
nounced separately; this is also the case where the short vowel sound
is followed by another vowel, as in the words s'isi, k'atas, t'akan, the
hamzah being used in such cases in the Malay character. The apos-
trophe is further used to indicate an initial short vowel before the
consonants m and n, as in the words 'mas, 'ntah, 'iygan, etc.
The hyphen is used in this Vocabulary to show the division of
the words into syllables, except where the division is marked by an
apostrophe or an inverted comma or by the mark which shows where
the accent falls, as described below. In ordinary writing the hyphen
should only be used where a word is reduplicated, or to separate
from the words to which they are attached those prefixes, suffixes
and other particles which do not form an integral part of the
word itself; these are: the preposition k~, the abbreviated numeral
s-, the passive prefix di-, the pronominal suffixes, -ku, -mu, and
-tya, and the particles -Iah, -kah, -nah, -tah. The preposition di is
distinguished from the passive prefix di- by the absence of the hyphen.

Introduction. vii
Refereiiccs to the Grammar.
Words which are followed bv numerals in parentheses are re-
ferred to in the "Practical Malay Grammar" in the paragraphs of
which the numbers are given, where in every ease some further
explanation of such word will be found. Bv this means the Voca-
bulary becomes to some extent an index to the Grammar, and in
regard to the use of certain words the student is enabled to obtain a
large amount of information which could not possibly be looked for
in a Vocabulary.
Root Words and their Derivatives
In the Malay language a very large number of words are derived
from root words by the addition of prefixes or suffixes. Sometimes
several prefixes and suffixes are attached to the same word, and there
is so much variety in their use that it would be extremely cumbersome
to insert all such derived words in alphabetical order as separate words.
The plan which is followed in this vocabulary is that which has been
adopted in all Malay dictionaries, namely to put all derived words
under the head of the roots from which they are derived.
Some prefixes and suffixes are only used to form nouns, and
others are used with verbs. The former are:
Prefix p, which denotes the agent.
Prefix p and suffix an, forming abstract nouns from verbs.
Prefix per and suffix1 an, forming verbal nouns from verbs.
Prefix h and suffix an, forming nouns from adjectives and
Suffix an forming nouns from verbs, and usually expressing
the thing which is affected by the action.
The verbal forms aie:
Prefix ber, which forms piesent participles with intransitive
Prefix ter, which forms past participles.
Prefix di-, which forms the passive voice.
Prefix m, used with transitive verbs.
Suffixes kan and i, which form transitive verbs.
In this vocabulary the derivatives will be found in the follow-
ing order: (1) compound words and phrases formed with the simple
root in combination with other words; (2) the verbal derivatives;
(3) derived nouns. Only those derivatives are given which are in
ordinary use; the fact that anv particular derived form is not found
in the vocabulary must not be taken as an indication that it cannot
be used.
In the case of words which are essentially verbs or can be used as
verbs in the root form, the derivative formed with the prefix ber or in,
as the case may be, is given immediately after the root. Where the
prefix ber is thus given it may be taken to indicate that the verb is in-

Introduction. vii
transitive; and where the prefix is m that the verb is transitive ; in the
latter ease one of the suffixes kan or i is sometimes given to show
which of these forms is most commonly used; in some cases either
may be used. Some roots may be used either transitively or intran-
sitively, in which case the derivatives with ber and m are both given.
It must be understood that the prefix m can always be used with deri-
vative verbs formed with the suffix kan or i; this being the case it has
not been thought necessary to give the derivative formed with m as a
distinct form of the word.
In derived words formed with the prefixes ber, ter, per, di- and k,
the first syllable of the root undergoes no change, and the word can
therefore usually be discovered without any difficulty, but with the
prefixes in and p the root in many cases changes its form. A refer-
ence to the following list of changes will usually enable the student
to decide what the root is:
If the root commences with
I, m, n, or r, it undergoes no change;
b, the prefix becomes mm or pin, as buka, mmbuka;
p, the prefix becomes mm or pin, and the initial p of the root is
elided, as put us, mmutus;
d or j, the prefix becomes mn or pn, as dapat, mndapat;
t or ch, the prefix becomes mn or pn and the initial t or ch of
the root is elided, as taroh, mnaroh;
y or Ji or a vowel, the prefix becomes mnj or pry, as gali,
m rgyali;
k, the prefix become miy or pig and the initial k of the root is
elided, as karaig, migaraig;
s and sometimes ch, the prefix becomes miy or pry and the
initial $ or ch of the root is elided, as suroh, mryuroh.
The chief difficulty in discovering the root arises when the root
commences with p, t, or k, from the fact that when the initial letter
has been elided there is no means of knowing what that letter may
have been; thus the root of inmutus might be either mutus or putus,
and that of mnaroh and mrgararg might be either naroh or taroh, or
karaiy or araig respectively. When in doubt the student must look for
both forms. Thus with derivatives commencing with mry, the root
should first be sought for under the more common letter s and then
under ch, those commencing with mn should be looked for first under
t and then under n, those commencing mm under p or m, and those
commencing miy under k or under the vowel which follows the miy.
Similarly of course with derivatives formed with p in its various
Words of Foreign Origin.
The Malays have a remarkable aptitude for adopting foreign
words, which in most cases become assimilated to the Malay style of
pronunciation, the spelling being sometimes changed to suit the new

pronunciation. It is important that the student should "know the
source from which such foreign words have come, in order that he may
be able to discriminate between synonymous words and decide which
should be used in conversation with the various nationalities by
whom Malay is spoken. Thus one would not hesitate to use words
of Chinese origin in speaking with the Baba Chinese, or to use Javanese
words in conversation with persons who come from the Dutcli Indies,
whereas one should avoid words of Arabic or Persian origin except
when speaking with educated Malays. It should be remembered,
however, that some foreign words have become so thoroughly incor-
porated in the language as to be well understood by all, as for instance
such words as waktu, 'umor, smoa, bumi, fikir, fakat, etc. A large
number of English, Portuguese and Dutch words, however, though
well understood in the Settlements, are practically unknown to natives
living in the interior, so that it is necessary to exercise some discre-
tion in the use of such words.
Spelling of Foreign Words.
Malay lexicographers have usually romanized words of foreign
origin in harmony with the spelling of the language from which such
words are derived rather than with the way in which they are pro-
nounced by Malays. This plan of having a different system for roman-
izing foreign words causes great confusion in a vocabulary and has
been avoided as far as possible in this work. Such words will be
found spelt phonetically according to the Malay pronunciation. Thus
Sanskrit and Arabic words which are pronounced by Malays with the
short vowel sound are so spelt in this vocabulary, whereas most lexi-
cographers who use e for the short vowel have spelt such words with
o, i, or v, as tantra, vischaya, and pusaka, which arc here spelt intra,
nschaya and psaka. The former arrangement, though perhaps scienti-
fically correct, presents such unnecessar}r difficulties to the unsophistic-
ated mind that a consistent system of phonetic spelling appears pre-
ferable. Again it may be more accurate to write kali-mat shahadat,
but as the Malays always say kliviah shahadat, it would be misleading
to spell otherwise.
Accent In Root Words.
In order that one may pronounce correctly, it is just as important
to know on which syllable the stress should be laid as it is to have
every word spelt phonetically. A novel feature of this vocabulary
is that the stress on each word is shown by means of an accent, in the
same way as is done in Webster's Dictionary. It will be noticed
that in root words the accent usually falls on the penultimate. When
the vowel of the penultimate is short, however, the accent very fre-
quently falls on the last syllable. In some two-syllable words there
is an almost equal stress on the two syllables, and in such cases the

Introduction. vii
accent depends a great deal upon the position of the word in the sen-
tence. For instance when the words tia-rg, twrun or tahan come at the
end of a sentence the accent falls on the last syllable, but when placed
elsewhere in the sentence there is some uncertainty as to the accent,
though it generally seems to be on the penultimate. Words of Arabic
origin are often accentuated by the Malays in a manner different from
the Arabs. In this vocabulary no attempt has been made to indicate
the original Arabic pronunciation; the aim has been to accentuate
every word in the way in which it is ordinarily pronounced by Malays
in the colloquial language.
Accent in Derivatives.
Many authorities on the Malay language have maintained that in
derivatives the accent moves forward on the addition of a suffix from
the penultimate of the root to the penultimate of the derived word.
The Dutch scholar van der Wall was the first to controvert this
theory, which is also opposed by the grammarian Gerth van Wijk, and
is undoubtedly incorrect. As a rule the accent in derivatives remains
on the same syllable on which it stood in the root, the principal excep-
tions being words ending in arg, in which the accent falls on the penulr
timate of the derivative on the addition of the suffix an. Those who
wish to see the arguments on both sides of this question will find it
fully discussed in a paper on The Evolution of Malay Spelling," in
No. 36 of the Journal of the Straits Branch of the Royal Asiatic
Society, published as a separated paper by the Methodist Publishing
In regard to the division of the syllables it will be found that on
the addition of a suffix commencing with a vowel the final consonant
of the root is carried forward to commence the new syllable. The
Malays invariably divide the syllables in this way, each syllable being
begun with a consonant wherever it is possible. The same thing is
done when a prefix ending in a consonant comes before a foot com-
mencing with a vowel, as m-tya-lcu from miy and aht.
Another special feature of this vocabulary is that synonyms or
words of cognate meaning and sometimes those of exactly opposite
meaning, are referred to in the case of a very large proportion of the
words. This is intended to open up a very wide field of study to those
who wish to make a careful comparison of the precise meanings of
Malay words, and who desire to be able to discriminate between words
of nearly similar meaning. The advanced student is strongly re-
commended to make such words a special study.

A. D. anno doinini, in the lit. literally.
year of our Lord. N. North.
adj. adjective. Neth. Netherlands.
adv. adverb. num. coeff. numeral coefficient.
Ar. Arabic. Pels. Persian.
B. Baba Malay. Port. Portuguese.
IT. compare. prep. preposition.
Chin. Chinese. q. v. which see.
-conj. conjunction. Sk. Sanskrit.
-cor. corruption. Tarn. Tamil.
1). Dutch. trans. transitive.
g- for example. X. used only in Chris-
Eng. English. tian literature or
Eur. European. among native
fig- figuratively. Christians.
(ir. Greek. - equals.
Hind. Hindustani. (20) paragraph 20 of the
impers. impersonal. "Practical Malay
interns. intransitive. Grammar."
-Jav. Javanese.

Malay-English Vocabulary.
a'bad (Ar.), that which has no
end, an eternal future; see
a-bah-a'bah (Jav.), harness,
a'barg, elder brother,
a'ban-ta'ra (Sk.), herald; see
a'bok, see habok.
a'bu, ashes.
a'charg, messenger, envoy.
a'chap, plunged deeply into
water, or (a weapon) into
the body,
a'char (Pers.), pickles,
a'cheh, a kind of leech; Acheen.
a'chi (Eng.), axle,
a'chu, m-rga'chu, to threaten,
brandish, feint, pretend,
a'cbu-an, mould, matrix, plan,
a'chum, m-rga'chum, to stir lip
hatred, irritate,
a'da (45, 50-54), to exist, be, be
present, take place.
a'da-kan, to bring into exis-
tence, cause, make, invent,
k'a'da'an, existence, condition,
adg-iya, a word used to empha-
size the close of a sentence.
a'da-pmi (133), a punctuation
a'dab (Ar.), politeness, courtesy.
a'daig, m-rga'darg, to lie in wait
for, lie in ambush,
a'das ma'nis, aniseed.
a'das p-das', cummin,
'a'dat (Ar.), custom, habit.
ku'rarg 'a'dat, uncouth, rude,
a'dek, younger brother or sister.
a'dek ber-a'dek, to be brothers
and sisters,
'a'dil (Ar.), just, fair.
k'a'di-lan, justice,
a-din'da, younger brother Or
sister (polite form of adek),
a'di-pa'ti (Sk.), a Javanese title,
a'di-ra'ja, di-ra'ja (Sk.), a
Malay title,
a'do-bi', alas.
a'don, m-rga'don, to knead, make
a'du, ber-a'du, to sleep (court
per-a'du-an (124), bed, bed-
room, sleeping place (court
a'du, m-iga'du, ~kan, to cause a
fight, a contest or a dispute,
make a complaint.
prg-a'du-an (124), complaint,
'a'fi-at (Ar.), good health,
a'fi-un (Ar.), opium; also apiun.
a'gak, to guess, conjecture, esti-
mate. Cf. gamak.
a-ga'ma (Sk.), a religion. Also
pronounced igarna and

14 iia lay-english vocabulary.
a-ga'ma Islam, the Moham-
medan religion,
a'gar, in order that, so that.
a'gar ja'rgan, lest,
a-gar-a'gar, a seaweed and the
jelly made therefrom,
a'gas, sandfly.
a'goig (J&v-)> great, in certain
phrases, as:
ii'atg a'gorg, mainmast,
a'had (Ar., first), Sunday; usual-
ly ha'ri a'had; see hari.
a'hal, ah'lu (Ar.), people.
ahlu h-nu'jum, astrologers,
ah'li (Ar.), familiar with, accus-
tomed to.
ah'mak (Ar.), foolish, 6tupid.
ah'wal, or ih'wal (Ar.), plural
of hal, q.v.
'a"ib (Ar.), disgrace, shame;
disgraceful, -despicable.
'a"ib-kan, to despise.
Ai-ro'pa, Europe; also Iropah.
*a-ja"ib (Ar.), wonder, marvel;
wonderful, marvelous,
a'jak, m-rga'jak, to persuade, in-
cite, invite, urge a person to
accompany one = (B.) ajat.
a'jal (Ar.), destiny, term of life,
a'jar, m-rga'jar, -kan,-i, to teach,
chastise, preach (X.).
b-la'jar (98), to learn.
p-la'ja-ran (124)), lesson, the
thing taught.
p-rga'jar (121), a teacher,
preacher (X.).
p-iga'ja-ran (124), instruction,
a'ji, m-rga'ji (103), to read, learn
to read, especially the Koran,
a'jok, m-rga'jok, to mimic, ridi-
'a'kal (Ar.), understanding, in-
telligence, reason; the mind.
'a'kal bti'di, intelligence.
ber'a'kal (114), intelligent, in-
tellectual, sensible.
a'kan (45, 148, 150), to, for, in
order to, shall, will.
ta'a'kan, will not, it cannot be
a'ka-nim' (Ar.), persons of the
Trinity (X.); plural of
a'kar, root, a generic term for
climbing plants. See also
banir, jargkar, iunjaig.
akh'bar (Ar. plural of khabar),
news, a newspaper.
a'khir (Ar.), the end, the last;
last, final.
a'khir-rya, the end of it, at last.
a'khi-rat (Ar.), the future life,
dun'ia a'khi-rat, in this world
and the next, for all time.
ak-sa'ra (Sk.), a letter (of the
alphabet). See huraf.
a'ku (6, 7), I, me.
m-iga'ku, -i (103), to confess,
avow, guarantee, undertake
to do a thing.
p-iga'ku-an, confession, creed
a-la-barg'ka (Port.), crowbar.
a'lah, to lose in a conflict, suffer
defeat; also kalah (B.).
alah-kan, to defeat, subdue.
4a-la'i-hi' (Ar.), unto him.
'a'lam (Ar.), the universe, the
'alam bar-zakh', Hades, the
abode of departed spirits.

3 iia lay-english vocabulary.

4a-lamat (Ar.), sign, token,
mark, emblem, sj'mbol, ad-
dress of a letter,
a'laig, transverse, across.
a-la'tgan, bar, sand bank at the
mouth of a river.
pa'latg, cross bar, transverse
beam. Cf. malary.
a'laig, usually a-larg-a'laig, k-pa'-
lag/ or a'laig k-pa'larg, in-
significant, of slight extent
or degree, of no account.
a'lftig-kah, is it a small thing?
an emphatic interrogation,
as a'lanj-kah ba'ik, would it
not be good?
a'lap, ni-tga'lap, to gather fruit
by cutting with a knife on
the end of a pole. Cf. jo-
alas (164), that which is placed
under anything,' lining,
(i'his-kan, to 1 inc, put some-
tbing under,
a'lat, apparatus, instruments,
equipment, weapons. Cf.
a'leh, ber-a'leh, to change one's
position, move (intrans.).
a'leh-kan, to remove, shift. j
a-li-a'H, a sling. Cf. Isirg. \
a'li-hah (Ar.), gods; plural of
"a'lim (Ar.), learned, scholarly,
well informed,
a'lir, m-rga'lir, to flow (as water),
-al-ke'sah (Ar.) (133), punctu-
ation word.
.Al-ku'dus (Ar.), the holy.
Boh' Ai-ku'das, the Holy
Al lah (Ar.), God.
al-maTi (Port.), an almeirah,
Al-ma'seh (Ar.), the Messiah,
al'pa (Sk.), neglect. Also I'pa.
al'pa-kan, to neglect,
a'lu, m-rga'ht-kan and m-rga-lu-
rga'-lu-kan, to go to meet or
receive a person.
a'lu (Jav.), a pestle for husking
rice; usually antan.
a'lun, large waves, a swell; sec
ombak and glombarg.
a-lun-a'lun (Jav.), courtyard,
open space before a house.
Usually hlaman.
a'lur, a channel, groove, water-
a'lu-ran, canal, ditch,
al'wat (Ar.), aloes-wood; usual-
ly gharn.
a'mah, a Chinese nurse.
Vmal (Ar.), deed, action; good
works, meritorious action,
a'man (Ar.), peace, security,
a-ma'nat (Ar.), trustworthy;
fidelity, trust, trustee. Some-
times pronounced umanat.
a-ma'nat-kan, to entrust,
a'maig, m-rga' ma rg, to threaten.
Cf. ugot and gertak.
a-ma'rah, anger; see marah.
a-mas', gold; see 'mas.
a'mat, very.
m-rga-mat-a'ma-ti, to give
special attention to, watch
very closely,
am'batg, the upper and lower
beams of a door frame. Cf.
'am'bar (Ar. 'anbar), amber.

iia lay-english vocabulary.
am'bil, m-rgam'b-il (55), to take,
am'bil a'rgin = ma'kan a'rgin,
to go for an airing or plea-
sure excursion.
m-igam'bil ha'ti o'rarg, to gain
people's affections.
am'bin, a scarf or band for se-
curing burdens carried on
the back,
am-bo'i, oh! exclamation of as-
am'bol, m-iyam'bol, to rebound.
Cf. anjal.
am-borg-am borg, a plant, the
pith of which is used for
lamp wicks,
ambun, see 'mbun.
a'min (Ar.), amen; true, faith-
a'mir (Ar.), chief, commander,
a'mok, m-iga'mok, a frenzied as-
sault ; to attack furiously,
" run amuck."
am'pat, or 'm'-pat (29-35), four
am'pat b-las', fourteen.
am'pat per-s-gi' or am'pat per-
sa'gi, square.
am'pat pu'lok, forty.
k'am'pat, all four.
s-per-am'pat, a quarter.
yarg k'am'pat, the fourth.
am'pu, m-rgam'-pu, to hold in
the hands, govern, rule over,
support, sustain,
am'pun, m-rgam'-pun, -kan, -i,
pardon, forgiveness: to for-
give, pardon.
k'am'pu-nan, forgiveness,
am-pu'iya, to possess, own.
pu'iya (12, 14, 15, 24), the pos-
sessive particle.
mm-pu-iya"i, to possess, own.
a-nai-a'nai, the white ant; see-
smut put eh.
a'nak, child, the smaller part of
a thing, the young of animals,
and plants.
a'nak A'dam, children of
Adam, the human race.
a-nak-a'iia-kan, a doll.
a'nak aig'kat, adopted child.
a'nak a'yam, chicken.
a'nak a'yer, a small stream.
a'nak bi'ni, family.
a'nak borg'su, youngest child.
a'nak bu'ah, the dependants of
a Malay chief.
a'nak chu'chu, descendants.
a'nak da'ra, virgin.
a'nak da'yory, oarsman, rower.
a'nak km'bar, twins.
a'nak kun'chi, key.
a'nak la-ki-la'ki, boy.
a'nak li'dah, the uvula.
a'nak mu'rid, a pupil.
a'nak neg'ri, native of a coun-
a'nak pa'nah, arrow.
a'nak pi-a'tu, orphan.
a'nak p-ra'hu, boatmen, sailors.
a'nak p-rem'pu-an, girl.
a'nak ra'ja, prince.
a'nak ro da, spokes of a wheel.
a'nak sau-da'ra, nephew, niece..
a'nak su'lorg, first-born.
a'nak su'rgai, tributary stream.
a'nak targ'ga, steps of a ladder..
a'nak ti'ri, step-child.
a'nak tuig'gal, only child.
a'nak ya'tim, an orphan.
ber-a'nak, to have children, bear
ber-a'nak-kan (117), to bring
forth, to beget.
per-a'na-kan, native, native-
ka'nak-ka'nak, infant.

17 iia lay-english vocabulary.
a-nak-n'da, a-nan'da, child, (po-
lite fonn of anah).
a-nam' or 'nam', six. For
derived forms see am pat.
ananas, see nanas.
an'bi-a (Ar.), prophets; plural
of nabi.
an'chak, a plate or basket of
bamboo in which offerings to
the spirits are placed =(B.)
bu-aig' an'chaV, to put out
an'dam, m-rgan'dam (Pers.), to
dress, arrange (hair); fringe,
an'daig, torch of dry coco-nut
an-de'ka (Jav.), you, pronoun
of the 2nd person, used in
addressing superiors,
aneka, see aniVa.
a-igan-a'igan, thoughts, medi-
tations, unsatisfied desires.
a-nja n-a' rga n h a'ti, conscience
arg'gal, light, buoyant, high in
the water (of a ship),
aig'gok, m-rganj'goV, to nod or
bow the head,
aig'gor, the grape vine,
arg-go'ta (Sk.), a member, limb,
part of the body,
aig'grek, orchid,
a'igin, wind.
am'bit a'rgin, see ambit.
cha'Vap a'igin, empty talk.
di a'ias a'rgin, windward, west-
tern lands,
di ha'icah a'rgin, leeward, Ma-
layan lands.
ma'Van a'rgin, see ambit,
ma'ta a'igin, the points of the
po'VoV a'igin, a storm cloud.
a'lyin-Van, to dry in the air.
afg'ka (Sk.), a figure, arithmeti-
cal symbol.
arg'Va da'a, the figure two, sign
of reduplication,
aig-ka'ra (Sk.), perverse, vio-
aig-ka'sa (Sk.), the sky, the
aig'kat, m-rgaiy'Vat, -Van (5-5,
63), to lift up, raise.
arg'Vat a'naV, to adopt a child.
a'naV aig'Vat, adopted child.
ber-arg'Vat, to depart.
aiy'Va-tan, expedition, fleet of
ships, caravan.
marg'Vat, to die (court lan-
parg'Vat, stage, platform, tier,
rank, position,
aig'kau or 'fg'kau (6, S, 10),
thou, thee, you.
aig'kop, tweezers, small pincers,
aig'kut, m-iyarg'Vnt, to fetch and
carry, carry piece by piece,
aig'sa (Sk.), goose,
an-ia'ya (Sk.), tyranny; see
a-ni'ka (Sk.), of various sorts,
all kinds of; also aneka.
an'jal, m-rgan'jal, to resist pene-
tration, resist or throw back
a weapon, cause to rebound.
Of. ambol.
an'jiig, dog.
an'joig, a raised hall or veran-
dah, cabins in the poop of a
m-iyan'jorg Ja-yary-la'yaiy, to
tiirow a kite up in the air.
an'jur, m-rgan'jur, to project,
stand out, precede.

6 iia lay-englISH
p-vjan'jur, one who precedes, a
an'sur, ber-an'sur, to progress.
ber-an'sur-anstir, gradually,
an'tan, pestle of a mortar.
an-ta'ra (Sk.), between, among;
an interval of time or space.
p-rgan-ta'ra, a go-between, me-
diator (X.).
s-man-ta'ra, while, whilst, dur-
an-te'ro (Port.), the whole, all,
an-tiig-an'tiig, ear-drops,
an't-las or at'las (Ar.), satin.
an'tok, m-rgan'tok (103), to
doze, sleep,
an'tok, ber-an'tok, to collide,
strike against.
ba'tu ter-an'tok. stumbling
block (X.).
a'nu, a certain (person or place).
si-a'nu, Mr. so-and-so.
a-nu'g-rah (Sk.), favour, grace,
the gift of superior to an in-
ferior. Sometimes nugraha.
a-nu'g-rah-kan (149), to give
(to inferiors), bestow a fa-
a'lyam, m-rga'n/ain, to plait, in-
terlace (as basket work).
C'f. slam pet.
an-yaya (Sk.), tyranny, perse-
cution, oppression.
an-ya'ya-kan, to persecute, op-
press, injure,
aiyut, drifting; see harynt.
a'pa (18, 19), what?
a-pa-a'pa, whatever.
a-pa-bi'la, when.
a'pa fa sal, why?
a'pa gu'na, what is the use?
a-pa-ka'la, when.
a'pa-lah, prithee, it you please.
a'pa ma'chain (19), what kind
a'pa s-bab', why?
ba-rarg-a'pa, wllatever.
li-dak a'pa, it is nothing, never
b-b-ra pa, some, several: how-
ever much (144).
b-ra'pa, how much, how many,
however much or many (in-
definite number).
s-b-ra'pa, as many as, as mucin
b-ta'pa, how? why?
k-na'pa, why?
m-rqa'pa, whv?
si-a'pa (18, 19), who?
ba'rarg si-a'pa, whoever.
p-iga'pa-kan, to do something
to a person.
a'pam (Tarn.), a thin cake made-
with flour,
a'pi, fire.
a-pi-a'pi, the generic name for
several kinds of trees.
ba'ra a'pi, embers.
bu'iya a'pi, sparks, fireworks.
gu'noig a'pi, volcano.
ka'pal a'pi, steamship.
ka'yu a'pi, firewood.
k-rc'ta a'pi, locomotive engine,
p-ri'ok a'pi, bomb.
di-ma'kan a'pi, consumed by-
a'pil (Eng.), appeal,
a'pit, m-rga'pit, to press, nip,
ber-a'pit, close together, in
p-iga'pit, a pinch of anything
(as snuff).

a'pi-tan, a press for printing,
or for extracting the juice of
sugar-cane, etc.
a'pi-un, opium; see afiun.
a'poig, driftwood; to drift,
a'ra, trees of the genus fig.
'A'rab (Ar.), Arabic, Arabian,
a'rah, towards, in the direction
a'rak (Ar.), spirituous liquors,
a'rak, ber-a'rak, to march in pro-
per-a'ra-kan, state carriage,
processional car, procession,
a'raig, charcoal.
a'ran7 ba'tu, coal.
a'rarg di mu'ka, disgrace.
b-narg' a'raig, chalk line.
ka'yu a'rarg, ebony,
'a'rash (Ay.), throne (of God);
also 'arsh.
'a'rif (At\), intelligent, well-in-
formed, cultured,
ar'ki-an (133), then, thereupon.
Also arakian.
a'roig, m-iga'roiy, to wade, ford
a river, cross a sea or strait,
'arsh' (Ar.), throne (of God),
ar'ta (Sk.), property; see herta.
ar'ti or er'ti (Sk.), meaning,
ar'ti-iya, that is to say.
m-iyer'ti (103), to understand,
m-iyer'ti-kan, to explain, give
tlie meaning.
p-rger'ti-an, understanding, in-
tellect, intelligence, sense,
a'rus, current, tide; see haras.
ar'wah (Ar. plural of roh), the
spirits of the dead, feasts in
honour of the dead.
vocabulary. 7
a-sa' or sa', one; see satu.
da'lam s-pu'loh a-sa', one in
ten, a tithe.
a'sa-kan, to unite, make one.
a'sa (Sk.), hope. Also see asal.
pu'tus a'sa, hopeless,
a'sah, m-rga'sah, to grind, whet,
sharpen. Of. kilir.
ba'tu a'sah, whetstone,
a'sak, m-tga'sak, to fill tightly
(as a bag), ram in, press
(as in a crowd),
a'sal (Ar.), origin.
a'sal-u'sul, descent, origin, gen-
a'saf, if, provided that; also a'saU
kan, and sometimes asa.
a'sal ja'iyan, lest,
a'sam, acid, sour; also ma*am.
U'mau a'sam, the lime fruit,
a'sap, smoke.
'a'shik (Ar.), in love, enamour-
ed; love, passion,
a'sin (adj.), salt, saline; also
a'siig, separate, apart, distinct,
foreign, private.
o'rarg a'sirg, a stranger.
neg'ri a'siig, a foreign country.
a'sirg-kan, to separate, set
a'soh, m-rga'soh, to nurse, take
care of children.
p-iya'soh, a nurse,
a'su, dog, in the expression gi'gi
a'su, canine teeth,
a'sut, m-iga'sut, to incite, stir up,
instigate; (B.) nsut, q.v.
a'su-tan, instigate,
a'tap, thatch, usually of palm
leaves: hence any roof cover-

iia lay-english vocabulary.
a'tap gn'tvy, a tile roof,
a'tas, on (27), above, over,
against (150).
di a'tas a'rgin, windward, west-
ern lands,
a'tau (Sk. atawa), or.
a'tla-mat (Ar.), greatness, pow-
er; great, mighty.
at'Ias (Ar.), satin,
a'tur, m-rga'tur, -kan, to arrange,
put in order.
a'tu-ran (125), arrangement,
a'um, m-iya'um, roar (as a tiger),
a'ur, several kinds of large bam-
a'wak, thou, you.
a'wal (Ar.), first; commence-
ment, beginning,
a'wan, cloud,
a'wat (Penang), why.
a'yah, father. Usually bapa.
a'yah-n'da, father (polite
a'yak, m-rga'yak, to sift.
a'ya-kan, a sieve,
a'yam, a generic name for fowls.
a'yarn b-lan'da, a turkey.
a'yam hu'tan, jungle fowl.
a'yam i'tek, poultry.
a'yam jan'ian, cock.
a'yam km-bi'ri, a capon.
a'yam mu-ti-a'ra, guinea fowl.
a'yam sa'borg, a fighting cock.
a'nak a'yam, chicken.
yom-ba'la a'yam, one who tends
Ja'yer bu'lu a'yam, latteen sail,
a'ya-pan, food, eatables (court
a'yat (Ar.), verse of the Koran,
or of the Bible (X.).
a'yer, water, liquid, juice.
a'yer arg'gor, wine.
a'yer a'pi, strong acids.
a'yer bah', a flood, inundation.
a'yer b-lcu', a'yer ba'iv, ice.
a'yer di'deh, whey.
a'yer gu'la, molasses, sirup.
a'yer kan'ji, gruel, rice water.
a'yer k-ras', spirituous liquors.
a'yer ma'du, honev.
a'yer man'di, bathing water.
a'yer 'mas', gilding.
a'yer ma'ta, tears.
a'yer ma'war, rose water.
a'yer mi'num, drinking water.
a'yer mu'ka, complexion, ex-
pression of the face.
a'yer pa'sarg, flood tide.
a'yer sm-bah'yarg, water for
religious ablutions.
a'yer su-ruf, ebb tide.
a'yer ia'war, fresh water.
a'yer teh', tea.
a'yer ter'jun, waterfall.
bv-arg' a'yer, to ease oneself;
see buarg.
ma'ta a'yer, spring.
ta'vah a'yer, one's native land,
a'yun, ber-a'yun, to swing, rock,
a'yu-nan, a rocking cradle,
a'zal (Ar.), that which had no
beginning, an eternal past.
Cf. abad.
'a'zi-mat (Ar.), charm, spell,
amulet. Also targkal.
bab' (Ar.), chapter.
ba'ba, foreigners horn in Malaya,
especially Chinese,
ba'bi, pig.
ba'bi hu'tan, wild pig.

9 iia lay-english
gi'la ba'bl, epilepsy,
ba'cha, nim-ba'cha, to read,
bachaig, the horse mango,
ba'dak, the rhinoceros,
ba'dam (Pers.), the almond,
ba'dan (Av.), the human body.
C'f. tuboh.
ba'gai, kind, sort.
ber-ba-gai-ba'gai (115), pl-
ba'gai, ba-gai-ba'gai, of
various kinds.
s-ha'gai, the same kind, even
as, like.
bagaimana, see bgimana.
ba'gan, (Penang) landing stage;
sec pargl-alan.
ba'ghal (Ar.), mule,
ba'gi, to, for, towards; (Penang)
to give, cause = hasi.
bagitu, see bgitu.
ba'gus, beautiful, fine, nice,
bah', flood, inundation. Cf.
ba'haig, radiant heat,
bah'kan, yea, moreover,
bah't-ra (Sk.), state barge; ark
ba'hu, shoulder.
bahwa (Sk.) (138), a punctu-
ation word; see bhaiva.
bah'ya or ba'hi-a (Sk.), danger,
peril. Also ma'ra bah'ya.
bai-du ri (Sk.), certain precious
stones,opals, cat's eyes, etc.
Cf. manikam.
ba'ik, good, well; (B.) in good
ba-ik-ba'ik, he careful.
ba'ik. ba'ik.., both.. and..
ha'ik-lah, all right.
ba'ik pa'/w, handsome.
a'da ba'ik? (B.) are you well?
ja'ga ba-ik-ba'ik, be careful.
kha'bar ba'ik, lit., good news, a
reply to salutation; see kha-
mm-ba'i-ki (103), to mend.
k-ba'i-kan, goodness,
bait' (Ar.), house, in certain
phrases, as:
bai'tn 'llah, the house of God.
Bai'tn '1-mu-ka'dis, Jerusalem,
ba'ja, manure.
mm-ba'ja, to manure,
ba'ja (Sk.), steel.
b-ti' ba'ja, steel,
ba'jak, plough. Cf. trggala.
ma'ta ba'jak, ploughshare.
targ'kai ba'jak, plough handle,
ba'ji, wedge.
ba'jik, only found in its deriva-
tive :
k-ba'ji-kan, virtue, good deeds,
welfare, advantage,
ba'ju, coat, jacket. Cf. jubah.
ba'ju da'lam, underwear, vest.
ba'ju ran'iai, coat of mail.
ba'ju zi'rah, coat of mail.
ia'igan ba'ju, sleeve,
ba'ka, origin, birth, breeding,
ba'ka (Ar.), eternal, imperish-
able, as opposed to fana,
perishable. Cf. kkal.
ba'kar, nim-ba'kar, -kan, to
burn, roast. Cf. hargus.
bn'kar b-si', to make iron hot.
ter-ba'kar, burnt,
ba'kau, mangrove,
ba'ki (Ai\), surplus, remainder,
cash balance,
ba'koig, lily,
bak'sis (Pers.), present,
bak'ti (Sk.), loyalty, loyal ser-
vice, devotion.

iia lay-english vocabulary.
ber-bak'ti, devout, loyal.
k-bak'ti-an, loyalty, devotiou.
ba'kul, basket. Of. kranjarg,
gariig and raga.
ba-la" (Ar.), trouble, affliction,
calamity; also bla'.
ba'la (Sk.), soldiers, an army.
ba'la tn t-ra, an army,
ba'lai, a hall, the roof resting on
pillars, and not enclosed by
walls; a police station (Pe-
nang and Perak).
ba'lai-rorg' or ba'lai rit'arg, a
king's hall of assembly,
ba lak (D.), a beam, baulk,
ba'laig, a long-necked bottle,
ba'lar, whiteness of the skin, as
of an albino,
ba'las, mm-ba'las, -kan, to send
a reply, recompense (good or
evil), return, revenge, re-
ba'las dn'dam, to revenge one-
ba'las sv'rat, to answer a letter.
ba'la-san and pm-ba'la-san, re-
ward, requital, revenge,
ba'lau, a timber tree,
bal'di (Hind.), iron pail,
baldu, see bladu.
ba'lek, ber-ba'lek, to turn (163),
return; (B.) on the contrary.
Cf. kmbali.
ba'lek sa'kit, relapse.
pu'tar ba'lek, shuffling, prevari-
ba'lek-kan, to turn round or
upside down, upset,
ba'ligh (Ar.), adult, at the age
of puberty: also 'a'kal ba'-
ba'Iu, widow, widower; usually
janda. Cf. bujarg.
ba'Iut, mm-ba'lut, to wrapy ban-
dage. Cf. barut and bbat.
bam'bu, the bamboo; see bvloh
and ain\
ba'mi (Chin.), Chinese vermi-
celli with meat and vege-
ban'chi, poll-tax, census,
ban'dar (Pers.), a seaport town.
shah-ban'dar, harbour-master,
ban-dar'sah (Ar.), a village
mosque; see mandarsah. Cf.
surau, and msjid.
ban'diig, a match, counterpart,
peer, compeer; to compare;
also bandiigkan.
ba'igat, quick, rapid, hurried.
Cf. chpat, Ikas, dras, laja
and pantas.
ba'rgat-kan, to hurry a person,
or work,
ba'igau, heron.
baig'kai, carcase, corpse. Cf.
barg kit, ber-barg'kit, to rise (to>
a standing posture or as
dust), rise from the dead
baig'kit-kan, to raise up, rouse-
k-baig'ki-tan, resurrection(X.).
baig ku (Port.), a bench, stool,
baig'sa (Sk.), a race, nation,
people, caste, good breeding.
ber-baig'sa, of good birth, no-
ble. '
baig'sal, shed.
bairf'sal ku'da, stable,
baig'sat, vagabond, tramp, pau-
baig-sa'wan (Sk.), noble, of
good birth.

baigsi, flute, flagiolet.
ba'rgun, to arise, awake. Cf.
jaga and sdar.
ba'rgun-kan, to arouse, erect,
ba'igu-nan, building, erection.
ba-iyun-ba'rgu-nan, tower.
ba'ni (Ar.), sons, people; see bni.
ba'ni-an (Hind.), a Hindu tra-
ba'ni-an, a shirt,
ba'nir, projections at the base of
certain trees which extend
to the ground like buttresses,
ban'jar, a row, series. Cf. deret.
ban'tah (149), bar-ban'tali, to
dispute, argue, quarrel.
per-ban'ta-han, dispute, quar-
ban'tai, mm-ban'tai, to slaugh-
ter; beat severely,
ban'tai, pillow, cushion.
ti'kar ban'tai, bedding (of a
ban'titg, mm-ban'tirg, -kan, to
beat together, dash down; to
beat as clothes 011 a stone in
washing them: to toss about
in bed as in delirium.
ban'tiig k-pa'la, to rack one's
ban'tirg tu'larg, to exert one-
ban'tu, mm~ban'tu, to help, aid,
assist. Cf. tolorg.
ban'tun, mm-ban'tun, to tear up
by the roots, pull up, pull
out. Cf. chabot.
ban'tut, abortive,
ba'iyak, much, many, very;
quantity (36, Note).
ba'n/ak o'rarg, many people.
vocabulary. , 23
o'rarg ba'iyak, the people, the
populace, a crowd.
s-ba'iyak, so manjr, as many.
k-ba'iya-kan, the majority, tho
major part; common, ordi-:
ba'pa, father. Cf. ayah,
ba'pa san-da'ra, uncle.
ba'pa ti'ri, step father.
mak' ba'pa or i'bu ba'pa, pa-
bap'tis and bap'ti-san, baptism,
bap'tis-kan, to baptize (X.).
ba'ra and ba'ra a'pi, embers, live
ba'rah, abcess, ulcer, tumour.
Cf. pkotg, bisul and jraivat.
ba'rarg, things, goods, personal
property, baggage. Also
ba'rarg a'pa (20), whatever,
ba'rarg bi'la, whenever.
ba'rarg di ma'na, wherever.
ba'rarg-ka'li, perhaps.
ba'rarg k-ma'na, whithersoever.
ba'raig si-a'pa (20), whoever,
ba'rarg s-su-a'tu, whatever.
ba'rarg yarg', whatever.
s-ba'raig, any, anything,
ba'rat, west.
ha'rat da'ya, south-west.
ba'rat la'ut, north-west.
s-sat' ba'rat, altogether astray,
ba'riig, ber-ba'rirg, to lie down.
ba'riiy-kan, to lay down,
ba'ris, a line or row, a line of
soldiers, hence drill; vowel
ba'ris di a'tas, the Arabic vowel
sign fat halt = a.
ba'ris di ba'icah, the Arabic
vowel sign kasralt = i.

iia lay-english vocabulary.
ba'ris di ha'da-pan, the Arabic
dlammah = u.
ba'ris ma'ti, or tan'da ma'ti,
the sign jazm, q. v.
ba'rus, ka'pur ba'rus, camphor,
ba'rut, mm-ba'rut, a bandage or
bodice worn by native chil-
dren; to bandage a wound,
bar-zakh' and 'a'lam bar-zakh',
Hades, the placc of departed
ba'sah, wet, moist.
ba'sah k.u'yup, wringing wet.
hasah-kan, to wet.
ka'in ba'sa-han, bathing cloth.
ba"sat (B.) (Chin.) bed bug.
ba'si, mouldy, stale,
ba'soh, mm-ba'soh, -kan, to
ba'ta and ba'tu ba'ta, a brick,
ba'tal (Ar.), futile, ineffectual.
ba'tal-kan, to bring to nought,
ba'taig, trunk or stem (of trees
and plants) ; numeral coeffi-
cient of long cylindrical ob-
jects (83, 84).'
ba'targ a'yer, watercourse, main
stream of a district.
ba'taig hi'doiy, the bridge of
the nose.
ba'targ ka'yu, trunk of a tree,
ba'targ le'hir, the neck,
ba-ta'ra (Sk.), a title given to
Hindu gods. Usually btara.
ba'tas, ridges, banks round wet
rice fields, hence boundaries;
also batasan.
ba'tek (Jaw), ka'in ba'tek, cot-
ion prints or hand painted
ba'til, a small metal bowl or
drinking cup.
ba'tln, a title of Malay chiefs,
ba'tin (Ar.), concealed, inward,
esoteric, as opposed to t-lahir,
ba'tok, cough.
ba'tok k-rirg', consumption.
ba'tok salak, whooping cough,
ba'tu, stone, rock, milestone, and
hence a mile.
ha'tn a'pi, flint.
ba'tu a'mh, whetstone.
ba'tu ba'ta, brick.
ba'tu b-ra'ni, loadstone.
ba'iu b-si', granite, or any hard
rock. Cf. baiu ubin.
ba'i u da'eh by, the weight of a
ba'tu gi'tiiy, a stone roller for
grinding curry stuff.
ba iu k-pa'la, the crown of the
head, the cranium.
ba'tu ka'rarg, coral, coral reef.
ba'tu ki'sa-ran, millstone.
ba'tu k-H'kir, gravel.
ba'tu k-ri'sek, gravel, finer than
the above.
ba'tu Ii'chin, pebbles.
ba'tn M-la'ka, flooring tiles.
Cf. batu mbin and batu
ha'tu rn'bin, flooring tiles.
bn'tu ter7an'tok, stumbling
block (X.).
ba'tu u'bin, flooring tiles; (in
Singapore) granite. Cf.
ba'tu u'ji, touchstone.
a'rarg ba'tu, coal.
a'yer ba'tu, ice.
chap ba'tu, lithography.
gu'la ba'iu, loaf sugar.
ju'ru ba'iu, the second mate of
a vessel.
m'mah ba'tu, a brick house.
tu'kaiy ba'tu, mason, brick-

malay-english vocabulary. , 25

ban', odour, smell, fragrance.
ban' bu'sok, a bad smell.
ber-bau', having a smell, odor-
bau-bau'an (130), incense, per-
ba'ur, mixed, confused, in dis-
cham'pur ba'ur, in confusion,
ba'wa, mm-ba'wa (oo), to con-
vey, carry, take, bring.
ba'wa di'ri, to take oneself off.
ba'wa i'man, to embrace the
faith, become a Moham-
ba'wa ja'lan, to lead the way.
ba'iva la'ri, to run away with.
ba'wa ma'sok, to take in, in-
ba'wa mii'lut, to talk scandal,
ba'wa per'gi, to take away,
ba'wah, below, under.
de'ri ba'wah, from below.
di ba'wah, below.
di ba'wah a'igin, leeward, Ma-
layan lands.
k-ba'wah, to the lower side,
ba'waig, onion,
ba'yam, spinach,
ba'yan, a kind of parroquet.
ba'yaig, shadow, image,
ba'yar, mm-ba'yar, to pay.
ba'yar ni'at, to pay a vow.
ba'ya-ran, a payment,
b-bal', ignorant, stupid. Of.
b-ban', burden, load,
b-bat', to wrap round, bind
round with cloth, etc. Cf.
balut and barut.
b-b-ra'pa, some, a certain quan-
tity; however much (144);
see a pa .
b-dak', a cosmetic made of rice
flour, toilet powder.
b-da'H, to powder,
b-dal', to beat violently with a
stick; to eat to excess. Cf.
b-d-bah' (Pers.), ill-omened, ac-
cursed, wretched,
b-dil', firearms.
o'bat b-dil', gunpowder,
b-doig', ka'in b-dorg', swaddling
clothes. Cf. lam-pin.
be'a, cowrie shells; taxes, cus-
be'bas, free, haviug liberty. Cf.
be'bas-kati, to set free, liberate.
k-be'ba-san, liberty, freedom,
be'cha (Chin.), jiurikisha.
be'chak, puddle, muddy or
swampy place,
be'da or be'za (Sk.), difference,
be'da-kan, to distinguish, dis-
behkan, see bahkan.
be'la, human sacrifice, suttee;
tun'tut be'la, to seek vengeance,
be'lek, mm-be'lek, to look closely.
be'Iok, to luff, tack (in sailing),
be'lot, treachery; to be a traitor.
pm-be'lot, a traitor,
berg'kaig, see bergkok.
beig'kok, crooked, bent.
ben/kaig beig'kok, zig-zag.
be'igoig or bi'igoig, confused
(of the mind), disconcerted,
ben'teig, fort, stockade. Cf.

iia lay-english vocabulary.
be'rak, to ease oneself; see buarg
beranda, see branda.
be'raig, furious, wild with rage.
ber-ha'1a, an idol.
ru'mah ber-ha'Ja, a heathen
berivgin, see bnrgin.
1>er'kas, a faggot, a bundle of
things tied together,
"ber'kat (Ar.), blessing, benedic-
tion, good influence.
bcr-ka'ti, to bless,
ber'kek, snipe.
Ber'ma (Sk.), the Hindu god
Brahma; also brahma.
Tjer'man (Sk.), a brahmin; al60
ber-naig', to swim; see rnarg.
"ber-ni-a'ga, to trade; see bniaga.
berok, see brok.
ber-o'leh, to possess, own; see
'ber'seh, clean. Cf. suchi.
ber'seh-kan, to clean,
ber'sin, sneezing; to sneeze,
be'san, ber-be'san, related by
marriage of their children,
be'sok, to-morrow; see esok.
^be'ta (Hind.), slave, servant.
Used as a pronoun of the 1st
person by royalty,
b-gi-ma'na (144), how, in what
way ?
vb-gin'da (Sk.), a title given to
kings and princes, and used
as a pronoun of the 2nd or
3rd person,
b-gi'ni, thus, so, like this.
Ib-gi'tu, thus, so, like that.
b-ha'gi, mm-b-ha'gi, -kan (149),
a division, share, part; to
share, divide.
b-ha'gi-an, a share,
b-ha-gi'a (Sk.), good fortune,
blessing; blessed, happy; also
b-ha'na (Sk.), sound of voices,
b-ha'ra (Sk.), a measure of
to'lak b-ha'ra, ballast,
b-ha'ru (161), new, recent; new-
ly, lately, just, then and not
till then,
b^ha'sa (Sk.), language, good
manners, politeness.
bti'di b-ha'sa, tact and polite-
ja'lan b-ha'sa, idiom.
ju'ru b-ha'sa, interpreter.
ku'ranj b-ha'sa, impolite,
bhatra, see bahtra.
b-ha'wa (138) (Sk.), a punctua-
tion word, generally intro-
ducing a quotation. Also
bah iva.
b-ha'ya (Sk.), danger; see bah-
bi-a'dab (Pers.), rude, dis-
bi'ak, prolific, fertile,
bi'ar, -kan, to allow, permit;
sometimes used almost in the
sense of although (let it be),
as, biar lambat pun jadi
jiiga, though it be a long
time it will do.
bi-ar-bi'ar, intestinal worms,
bi-a'sa (Sk.), accustomed, ex-
. perienced, intimate, usual.
bi-a'sa-kan di'ri, to accustom
oneself, practise.

bi-a'wak, the iguana or monitor
bi'bi (Hind.), lady, aunt; form
of address to ladies,
bi'bir, the lips, edge or rim of
bi'bir cha'wan, the edge of a
bi'bir ma'ia, eyelids.
bi'bir mil lut, the lips,
bi'bit, mm-hi'bit, to carry or pick
up with the tips of the
bi-cha'ra, deliberation, discus-
sion, discourse, conversation,
advice, opinion, legal pro-
ceedings, court of justice.
ber-bi-cha'ra, to discuss, con-
hi-rha'ra-lan, to advise,
bi-da-da'ri (Sk.), nymphs in
Hindu mythology, houris.
bi'dai, hanging screens or blinds
made of split rattan or bam-
bi'dak, a pawn in the game of
chess; see chat-ur.
bi'dai, thimble; better didal.
bi'dan (Sk.), midwife. Cf. du-
bi'daig, broad, extensive; numer-
al coefficient of sails, mats,
etc. (84)
bi'du-an and bi-du-an'da, body
guard, royal messenger,
bi'dur, an ingot or block of tin.
bi'jak (Sk.), learned, clever,
skilful; (B.) fluent of
bi-jak-sa'na (Sk.), intelligent,
skilful, discreet,
bi'jeh, tin ore.
vocabulary. , 15
bi'ji, a seed, grain; numeral co-
efficient of small objects
(83, 84).
bi'ji ma'ia, eyeballs,
bi'kin (B.), to make, do. Cf.
bi'Ia, when, when?
a-pa-bi'la, when,
bi'lah (83, 84), numeral coeffi-
cient of knives, swords,
needles, etc.
bi'lal (Ar.), the man who eaiis
to prayer, the muezzin,
bilalaig, see blalary.
bi'laig, mm-bi'larg, to count, re-
count, reckon, tell, 6ay.
ter-bi'lanj, famous, renowned.
bi'laig-kan, to reckon, consider
bi-la'tyan, reckoning, number,
bi'lek, room.
bi'lur, scar, mark of a blow>
bi-ma-sak'ti (Sk.), the milky
bim'baiR, anxious, uncertain,
vacillating, irresolute,
bin' (Ar.), son, son of.
bi-na'sa (Sk.), ruin, destruc-
tion ; to go to ruin.
bi-na'sa-lan, to destroy,
bi-na'taig, animal,
biig'kis, a gift, a present sent
with a letter,
bi'igotg, confused, disconcerted,
bi'ni, wife. Cf. istri.
a'nak. bi'ni, wife and family.
ber-bi'ni, to have a wife, be
married (of the man).
bcr-bi'ni-ltan, to take to wife.

si a lay-english vocabulary.
bin'taig, star; also a decoration.
bin'targ ber-a'sap, comet.
bin'targ ber-e'kor, comet.
bin'taiy ber-i'dar, planet.
bin'targ p-taig' or bin'taiy ha''
rat, Venus as an evening
bin'targ ti'mor or bin'targ ba'bi,
Venus as a morning star,
bin-ta'igor, the name of a tree;
see bntargor.
bin'ti (Ar.), daughter of.
bio (B.) (Chin.), temple,
bi-o'la (Port.), violin,
bi'ras, brother-in-law or sister-
bi-ri-bi'ri (Hind.), sheep. Of.
domba and kambirg.
bi'ru, blue.
ha'ru bi'ru, confusion, disorder,
bi'sa, poison; poisonous, painful,
bi'sa (Jav.), able, capable, can.
bi'sek, ber-bi'sek, to whisper,
bi'siig, chattering, or' any un-
pleasant noise of that kind.
Bis'nu (Sk.), the Hindu god
bi'su, dumb. Cf. klu.
bi sul, a boil, abcess. Cf. jraivat
and barah.
b-kal', supplies for a journey,
especially food, provisions,
b-kas', mark or impression left
by any body or action; vessel
in which anything is con-
b-kas' ka'ki, footpriut.
b-kas' ta'iyan, handwriting, sig-
b-kas' tu'boh, that which has
touched the body, clothes
presented as a token of affec-
b-kiT, congealed, coagulated, fro-
a'yer b-ku', ice. Cf. ayer batu.
b-la" (Ar.), affliction, calamity,
misfortune; also ba-la".
b-la', mm-b-la', to nurture, sup-
port, bring up children. Cf.
b-la'chan, a composition of dried'
fish and prawns used to sea-
sou curries,
b-la'chu, unbleached calico,
b-lah', mm-u-lah', to split, cleave,,
divide, cut in two length-
s-b-lah' or sb'lah, one side of
that which is divided, hence-
one side of anything.
sb'lah ka'nan, the right side.
sb'lah ki'ri, the left side.
sb'lah ma'ta, one eye.
sb'lah si'ni, this side.
Often = the other side, as:
sb'lah gu'noty, the other side
of the mountain.
sb'lah m-tyb'lah or k-da'a 6-
lah', both sides.
sb'lalt-kan, to lay aside, sepa-
b-la'jar, to learn; see ajar.
b-la'ka, altogether, entirely,,
b-la'karg, the back, the poster-
ior: behind, hereafter, after-
b-la'ka-iyi and b-la'kaig-kan, to-
turn one's back on.
b-la'Iai, the trunk of an ele-
phant, the proboscis of in-
b-la'larg, grasshoppers, locusts
and crickets.
B-lan'da, Dutch; a corruption,
of Hollander; also wolanda-

, 17
Ib-laig', piebald, variegated; spot-
ted, striped.
for cooking,
b-lan'ja, expenses, cost of any-
thing, allowance to meet ex-
penses, hence salary.
b-lan' jn-kan, to expend,
b-lan-ta'ra, wild, waste places,
hu'ian b-lan-ta'ra, the jungle.
rim'ba b-lan-ta'ra, the wilds of
the forest,
b-las' (30), a word which forms
the numerals from eleven to
nineteen, similar to the Eng-
lish "teen."
b-las', pity, sympathy, compas-
b-las'kan, to arouse sympathy
or to have pity on.
Ib-lat', network of rattans laced
together, used with fishing
stakes; hence fishing stakes
or fish traps,
b-la'tok, woodpecker,
b-la'yer, to sail; see layer.
to-le'raig, brimstone, sulphur,
b-le'tir, to babble, chatter; sec
fb-li', to buy, purchase.
ju'al b-li', to trade, buy and
pni-b-li', that which buys, the
price or the buyer,
b-li an, a timber tree.
*b-li'kat, the shoulder blade,
b-li org, the large Malay axe.
Cf. kapak and patil.
a'ujia pu'Urg b-li'org, water-
lb-lit', a coil, a turn; a necklace
or a bandage; to encircle (as
a snake),
b-lu'du (Port.), vel vet; also
pronounced bal'du.
b-lu'kar, underwood, jungle cut
down and grown up again,
scrub. Cf. hutan and rimba.
b-lu'laig, untanned or raw hides;
callus, callosity of the skin.
b-Ium' (72), not yet: this word
sometimes has only the force
of a simple negative.
b-iuni' kah'irin, unmarried.
b-liun' la'gi, not yet.
b-him' nia'sak, unripe or insuffi-
ciently cooked.
b-luni' per'nah, never yet.
s-b-lum', before (conj.).
bluig'gu, fetters, shackles,
b-lut', eel.
b-nam', ter-b-nam', sunken, de-
pressed, partly buried,
b-naig', thread.
b-narg' a'rarg, chalk line,
b-nar', true, right, just, good.
s-b-nar'-iya, truly, verily.
b-nar'kan, to confirm, autho-
rise, approve, justify.
k-b-na'ran, accuracy, truth,
verification, righteousness,
b-na'ra, a washerman; usually
b-na'sa, ruin; see binasa.
b-na'taig, animal; see binatarg.
bn-cha'na (Sk.), trouble, injury,
bn'chi, mm-bn'chi, to hate,
bn'da, a thing, an article or'oW
ject, especially valuables.
her'fa bn'da, property, especial-
ly household property.
ma'ta bn'da, jewellery.

mala y-ijxgl1sh vocabulary.
bn-da-ha'ra (Sk.), the title of
the highest official in a Malay
State, originally meaning
per-bn-da-ha' ra'an, treasury,
bn-da-ha'ri (Sk.), treasury of-
bn'daig, fields (either irrigated
or dry). Cf. huma, lo.daig
and satvah.
bn-de'ra (Port.), flag.
ti-arg' bn-de'ra, flagstaff,
bn'dul, the beams on which the
walls of a native house rest.
bn'dul pin'hi, threshold,
b-neh', seed, grain.
Big-ga.'la, Bengal.
Big-ga'li, a'Bengalee,
b-igis', cruel; cruelty,
big'kak, a swelling; swollen.
brg-kaToig, a kind of lizard,
big'ku-aig, the screw-pine, from
the leaves of which kajangs
are made, see kajaig; also
b'ni or ba'ni (Ar.), sons.
b'ni Is'ra'cl, the children of
bn-ia'ga (Sk.), trade, commerce;
to trade: also mnigga and
bn'taig, mm-bn'iarg, to spread
out, lay out (as a mat or
cloth). Cf. hampar. ,
bn-ta'rgor, the name of several
timber trees,
bn'tar, in its derivative:
s-bn'iar, a moment, an instant,
bn-ta'ra (Sk.), herald, an officer
of court,
bn'tok, curved: numeral coef-
I ficient of rings, fishhooks,
b-nu'a, a large region or country,
o'ranj b-nu'a, aborigines.
i bo'chor, leaky.
mu'lut- bo'chor, tell-tale, blab.,
bodoh, foolish, stupid. Cf..
k-bo'do-han, stupidity.
i boek (B.) (Chin.), stocking.
I bo'horg, false, untrue; a lie or
falsehood. Cf.' dusia.
pm-bo'horg, a liar,
bo'kor, a metal basin,
bo'la (Port.), a ball, billiards.,
bo'Ieh, able, can, may, could,
might. See oleh.
bo'lu (Port.), sponge cake; also
buah hulu.
bom' (Eng. and D.). a boom,
the pole or shafts of a car-
i bom'ba (Port.), pump, fire-en-
gine, syringe,
bo'mo or bo'mor, a native doc-
tor. Cf. dukun and doktor_
bon da, mother (polite style) ; a
contraction from i-bu-n'da.
boig'kar, mm-borg'kar, to pull'
up (as an anchor).
boig'kar sa'vh, to weigh anchor..
boig'kok, hunchbacked, bent (as;
boig'su, youngest child, last'
born; also anak borgsu.
bo'perg, pockmarked,
bor' (D.), auger, drill,
bo'roig, wholesale, outright, en

malay-english vocabulary.
, 19
bo'ros, extravagant, prodigal,
bo'ta (Sk.), a goblin, demon,
bo'tak, bald, premature or un-
natural baldness owing to
disease. Cf. gondol.
bo'to I (Eur.), bottle,
bo'ya (Port.), a buoy,
b-ra'hi, sexual passion.
B-rah'ma, the Hindu god Brah-
ma; usually henna.
B-rah'man (Sk.), a Brahmin;
usually berman.
brai, see chrai-brai.
b-ran'dah (Port.), verandah,
b-ra'igan, arsenic,
b-ra'igan, chestnut.
b-ra'igan ba'bi, oak.
b-ra'ni, brave, daring, coura-
geous; to dare to, have the
courage to.
ba'ta b-ra'ni, loadstone.
b-£' b-ra'ni, magnet.
b-ra'ni-kan di'ri, to make bold,
encourage oneself,
b-ra'pa, how much? how many?
also used as a contraction for
bbrapa; see apa.
b-ra'pa ba'ryak, how many.
b-ra'pa h er'ga, how much
(price) ?
b-ra'pa Jca'li, how often.
b-ra'pa la-ma, how long.
b-ra'pa pu'loh, how many tens.
s-b-ra'pa, as much as, as many
b-ras', husked rice. Cf. padi and
b-ras' her'teh, rice roasted in
the husk.
b-ras' ku'ryit, rice stained with
b-rqs' pu'liit, glutinous l^ce.
b-rat', heavy, difficult, important;
weight (36, Note).
b-rat'kan di a'tas o'rarg, to lay
the responsibility on a per-
b-ri', mm-b-ri', -lean (78, 149),
to give, grant, concede, al-
low, permit.
b-ri' ka'ti, to encourage.
b-ri' i'lgat, to remind, caution.
b-ri' i-sha'rat, to make a sign.
b-ri' i'zin, to give permission or
b-ri' ja'ivab, to answer.
b-ri' ma'kan, to feed.
b-ri' ma'sok, to let in.
b-ri' pin'jam, to lend.
b-ri' sak'-si, to witness, testify.
b-ri' sa-lam', to salute.
b-ri' ta'hii, to inform, tell.
b-ri' ta'kot, to frighten.
pm-b-ri'an, a gift, present,
b-ri'igin, the waringin tree,
b-rin'jal (Port.), the egg-plant
= trorg, q. v.
b-ri'ta, news, information =
b-rok', an ape, often trained
to gather coconuts,
b-ro'ti, a lath,
b-ru'aig, a bear,
b-ru'ga, a'yam b-ru'ga, jungle
B-ru'nai, a State in N. Borneo,
whence the whole island is
so named,
b-rus' (Eng.), brush,
b-sar', big, large; size (36,
' Note).
ha'ri b-sar', festival, holiday.
ha'ti b-sar', proud.
o'rarg b-sar'j chief, headman.
tu'an b-saH, the senior in office.

iia lay-english vocabulary.
b-sar'kan, to enlarge, exalt,
k-b-sa'ran, grandeur, greatness.
pa'kai-an k-b-sa'ran, uniform,
b-ser'ta, together with; see serta.
b-si\ iron.
b-si' ba'ja, steel.
b-si' b-ra'ni, magnet.
b-si' ku'da, a horseshoe.
ba'tu b-si', granite.
ia'hi b-si', rust.
tu'kaiy b-si', blacksmith,
bs-ta'ri (Sk.), polite, accom-
plished, well-bred,
b-ta'pa, how; see apa.
b-tara (Sk.), a title given to
Hindu gods,
b-ti'na (87), female (of ani-
b-tiig', sandbank. Cf. tbiry.
b-tis', the lower leg.
bu'ah b-tis' and jan'torg b-tis',
the calf of the leg.
b-tul', correct, true, accurate,
straight, erect, real, genuine.
Cf. lurus.
ha'ti b-tul' (B.), sincere, hon-
b-tul'kan, to straighten, repair,
bu'ah, fruit; numeral coefficient
of houses, ships, towns, etc.
(83, 84).
bu'ah b-tis', the calf of the leg.
bu'ah cha'tur, chessmen.
bu'ah ha'ti-ku, my treasure, a
term of endearment.
bu'ah hu'lu, see bolu.
bu'ah pa'la, nutmeg.
bu'ah piiy'gaiy, the kidneys.
bu'ah p-lir', the testes.
bu'ah tim-ba'rgan, weights.
a'nak bu'ah, the dependents of
a Malay chief.
ler-bu'ah, to bear fruit.
buah-bu'a-h-an (130), fruits,
bu'ai, to rock, swing (as a cra-
dle). Cf. ayun.
bu-ai'an, a cradle, hammock,
bu-aig', mm-bu-aiy', -kan, to
throw away, get. rid of,
bu-arg' an'chak, to put out of-
ferings to the spirits; see
bu-ary' a'yer, and bu-aiy' a'yer
b-sar', to ease oneself.
bu-aiy' a'yer da'rah, dysentery.
bu-ary' a'yer k-chiV, to urinate
bu-aiy' bi'ni, to put awav one's
bu-aiy' i'lyus, to blow one's
bu-ary' un'di, to cast lots.
bn-ary' wary', to waste money.
sa'kit bu-ary'-bu-ary' a'yer, diar-
bu'as, wild, tierce, ferocious (of
animals). Cf. liar.
bu'at, ber-bu'at (116), mm-bu'at
(100), to do, make, cause.
bu-at-bu'at, to pretend.
bu'at re'rgan, frivolous.
bu'a-tan, manufacture.
bu'a-tan Ai-ro'pa, European
per-bu'a-tan, deed, act, action,
bu-a'ya, crocodile,
bu'boh, mm-bu'boh, to put, place,
lay. Cf. Itak and taroh.
bu'bok, wood-maggots, weevils,
bu'bol, mm-bu'bol, to make or
mend nets,
buboig, see bumbory.
bu'bor, gruel, broth,
bu'bu, a fish-trap of rattan,
bu'dak, child, boy or girl.

malay-english vocabulary. , 21
bu'di (Sk.), wisdom, prudence.
bu'di bi-cha'ra, wise discretion.
bu'di b-ha'sa, tact and polite-
'a'kal bu'di, intelligence.
ber-bu'di, wise, prudent,
bu-di'man (Sk.), wise,
bu'eh, foam, scum, froth.
Bu'gis, a Malayan race inhabit-
ing the island of Celebes,
bu'jarg, unmarried, single, a ba-
chelor or widower. Cf. jan-
bu'jok, mm-bu'jok, to coax, en-
tice, persuade; also pujok.
bu'jor, lengthwise, the long way,
as opposed to lintarg, trans-
buk, see buku.
bu'ka, mm-bu'ka, to open, un-
bu'ka ja'lan, to lay out a road.
bu'ka ka'in, to take off clothes.
bu'ka k-dai', to set up a shop.
bu'ka la'yer, unfurl sails.
bu'ka pu-a'sa, to break off or
cease fasting.
bu'ka rah'si-a, to reveal a se-
bu'ka to'pi, to raise or take off
one's hat.
ter-bu'ka (110), opened,
bu'kan (69, 70), not, is not, are
bu-kait'bu'kan, non-existent, of
no account,
bu'kit, a hill. Cf. chargkat.
ka'ki bu'kit, the foot of a hill.
o'ranj bu'kit, wild tribes,
bu'ku, joints (as of the fingers),
knots in wood, lumps,
bu'ku (Eng.), a book. Also
bu'Ian, the moon; a month.
bu'lan da'targ and bu'Ian pan', next month.
bu'Ian d-hu'lu, and bti'lan la'luy
last month.
bu'Ian g-lap', when the moon is
bu'Ian per-na'ma, full moon.
bu'Ian tim'bul, new moon.
bu'Ian t-rarg', moonlight,
bu'laig, mm-bu'larg, to wrap or
wind anything round with
cloth. Cf. bbat and balut.
bu'lat, round, spherical, cylindri-
bu-lat-bu'lat, entirely.
d'rgan s-bu-lat-bu'lat ha'ti, with
the whole heart,
bu-li-bu'li, a small, long-necked
bottle. Cf. balarg.
bu'loh, bamboo, of many kinds.
Cf. aur and bambu.
bu'loh ba'rgsi, the Malay flute.
bu'loh p-rin'du, aeolian pipe,
bu'lu, feathers, down, wool, hair
of the body. Cf. rambut and
bu'lu k-nirg', eyebrows.
bu'lu lan'dak, the quills on a
porcupine; when removed
from the animal they are
. called du'ri lan'dak.
bu'lu ma'ta, eyelashes.
bu'lu ro'ma, hairs on the hu-
man body.
bu'lu trg'kok, the mane (of a
la'yer bu'lu a'yam, the Malay
latteen sail.
u'lai bu'lu, hairy caterpillar.
bum'boig, the ridge of a roof,
a roof; usually bum-bo'tgan,
sometimes buborg and 6m-
tu'laig bum'borg, ridge pole.

iia lay-english vocabulary.
bu'mi (Sk.), the earth, the
bun dar, round; a ring or circle
drawn with a pen.
bu'rga, flower; also ornamental
bu'iga a'pi, sparks, fireworks.
bu'rga chrg'keh, cloves.
bu'nga ka'raig, sponge; also
himut karaig.
bu'rga pa'la, mace.
bu'tga ivaig', interest on money,
bu'fgar, in the phrase:
bu'ah buhga-ran, first-fruits,
buig'kus, a parcel, bundle.
buty'kus-kan, to wrap up.
bu'noh, mm-bu'noh, to kill, mur-
pm-bu'noh, murderer.
per-bu'no-han (124), place of
pm-bu'no-han (124), murder,
bun'tiig, pregnant. Cf. hamil.
bun'tut, the posterior, the but-
tocks, the end, the tail, the
last. Cf. pantat and purg-
bu'iyi, sound, noise.
bu'nji su'rat, the contents of a
bcr-bn'ryi, to sound, make a
bu-iyi-bu'iyi-an, music,
bu'ri-tan, stern of a ship,
bu'rok (163), rotten, worn out,
decayed, bad (of vegetable
substances and manufac-
tured articles). Cf. haus.
bu'roig, bird.
bu'roiy han'tu, owl.
bu'rorg on'ta, ostrich,
bu'ru, mm-bu'ru, to hunt, chase.
pm-bu'ru, hunter.
han'tu pm-bu'ru, the spectre
bu'rut, hernia, rupture,
bu'sar, a bow, an arc of a circle,
an instrument for cleaning
raw cotton. Cf. panah.
bu'sok (163), putrid, rotten, de-
composed, bad smelling, foul.
ban. bu'sok, a bad smell.
na'ma bu'sok, a bad reputation,
bii'sut, ant-hill,
bu'ta, blind.
bu'ta-tu'li, blind and deaf,
hence used of doing tilings
blindly or recklessly,
bu'ta (Sk.), an evil spirit, de-
mon; also bota.
bu'targ (Eng.), button,
bu'tir, a grain, small particle;
numeral coefficient of gems
(83, 84).
bu'yoig, a water jar, smaller
than tmpayan, q. v.
cha'bai (Sk.), the chili, capsi-
cum; also lada China.
cha'baig, main branch of a tree,
bifurcation; forked. Cf.
dahan and charaiy.
cha'bok (Pers.), a whip,
cha'bol, licentious; outrageous
cha'bot, mn-cha'bot (146), to
pull out, pull up, uproot, ex-
tract, draw a weapon (cf.
hvnvs); in Perak chabot
means also the royalty on
tin. Cf. bantun.
cha'chak, to thrust into the
ground (as a pole).

cha'char, small pox.
cha'char a'ycr, chicken pox.
la'naiu cha'char, to vaccinate,
cha'chat, blemish, spot, stain,
defect. Cf. chla.
cha'chiig, a worm = (B.) tac.hiig.
chah'ya (Sk.), light, luminosity.
Cf. sinar.
bcr-chaliya, luminous; to
shine. I
as opposed to pkat, thick,
cha'kap, bcr-cha'kap, to speak;
(sometimes) to profess one's
ability to do a thing, be cap-
able of. Cf. tutor,
pcr-rha'ka-pau, speech, oration,
cha'kar, to scratch (as a bird),
cham', rham'knn, to recognize,
observe, take note of.
cham'pak, mu-cham'pak, -kan.
fo tli row, throw down, throw
away. Cf. buarg and hmpas.
champiig, see chompaig.
cham'pur, mn-cham'pur, -kan
(149), to mix, mingle.
cham'par ba'ur, in confusion,
chamti, see chmii.
cha'nai, to polish (metals),
cha'nang, a gong,
chan'du, opium prepared for
smoking. Cf. apiun and
chaig'goig, awkward, incon-
gruous. Cf. jarggal.
chaig'kat, a low hill; cf. bukii.
chargke (B.), tea cup.
chaig'kol, a large hoe used for
vocabulary. , 23
chaig'kok; mn-charg'kok, to
graft. Cf. tut.
chan'tek, pretty,
chap', a seal, stamp; to print;
also chapkan and chitak.
chap' ba'tu, lithography.
ta'kaig chap', printer,
cha'pai, mu-cha'pai, to seize,
take hold of.
cha'pe (Jav.), weary; usually
cha'pek, halting, limping. Cf.
tempaiy and penchatg.
cha'ra (Sk.), manner, style, cus-
tom. .
cha'ra China, in Cliinese stylo,
cha'raig, a small branch, twig.
Cf. chabaig and dahan.
cha'rek, mn-cha'rek, -kan, to
tear, rend. Cf. koyak.
cha'ri, mn-cha'ri (Sk.) (14C1.
to seek, look for.
cha'ri 'a'kal, to devise means.
cha'ri ma'kan, to get a living.
pn-cha'ri-an, livelihood,
cha'rut, mn-cha'rut, to use ob-
scene language,
chat' (C'hin.), paint.
tu'karg chat', painter,
cha'tur (Sk.), the game of chess;
also, q.v. The
pieces used are called raja,
mntri, gajah, kuda, tir, and
bu'ah cha'tur, chessmen.
pa'pan cha'tur, chess board,
cha'wan (Chin.), cup, bowl. Cf.
maigkok and piala.
cha'waig, a branch = chabarg.
cha'wat, loin-cloth,
cha'yir, sec cha'ir.
ch-bis', a fragment, small piece.

iia lay-english vocabulary.
chd'ra (Sk.), opposition, defect;
che* = inche, q.v.
che'bok, a piece of coco-nut
shell, used for ladling water.
Cf. gayorg.
checker, see chickir.
che'dok, mn-che'dok, to ladle,
cheh', pshaw; exclamation of dis-
gust or scorn,
cheig'si (B.) (Chin.), kitchen
che'pir, a metal tray or saucer,
cher'cha, mn-chcr' cha, to abuse,
insult. Cf. mdki.
cher'dek, cunning, shrewd, clev-
er, sharp,
che'rek, a kettle,
cheret, see chirit.
cherewet, see chreivet.
cherita, see chrita.
cher mat, careful, frugal, econo-
cher'min, mirror, looking glass,
pane of glass. Cf. kacha.
cher'min ma'la, spectacles.
cher'min mu'ka, looking glass,
cher p-lai (Tarn.), mongoose,
cher'pu (Tam.), sandals. Cf.
chert-ra, cher't-ra-kan (Sk. cha-
ritra), a narrative, tale; to
narrate; also chtra and ch-
che'tek, shallow. Cf. tohor.
chi'chak, the common house
lizard. Cf. tkek.
chi'chir, to spill, drop out in
small quantities, dribble.
Cf. chuchor.
chi'chit, great-grandchild,
chi-ke'weh (B.) (Chin.), family.
chim'cheD (B.) (Chin.), the open
court in a Chinese house.
Chi'na, China, Chinese.
la'da Chi'na, the chili, red pep-
chin'chaig, to chop up, mince,
chin'chin, a ling,
chin'chu (Chin.), a supercargo,
chin'ta (Sk.), sadness, solicitude,
heartache, love.
her-chin'ta-kan, to mourn for.
pcr-chin'ta'an, mourning, sor-
chi'rit, diarrhoea; usually buary-
bnaiy ayer.
chi'rit da'rah, dysentery.
chi'rit bin'taiy, meteor,
chi'ta (Sk.), feelings, sensations,
du-ka-chi'ta, sorrow.
su-ka-chi'ta, joy.
chi'ta (Hind.), print, printed
calico, chintz,
chi'tak, to print; usually chap.
chi-um't mn-chi-inn', to smell,
ch-kar' (Hind.), hard over (of a
helm or rudder),
ch-kek', to throttle, strangle,
chkeweh, see chikeweh.
ch-ki' (Chin.), Chinese cards,
ch-kra-wa'la (Sk.), the firma-
ch-Ia', mn-ch-la', -kan. defect,
fault, flaw: to blame, cen-
sure. Cf. chachat.
ch-lah', crack, crevice, fissure,
ch-la'ka, misfortune, calamity,
unlucky; an imprecation.

malay-english vocabulary.
, 25
ch-la'na, trowsers; usually sluar.
ch-lek', open (of the eyes).
ch-lek'kan ma'ta, to open the
ch-lop', mn-ch-lop', to clip into,
soak, steep, dye.
ch-lor', to scald, immerse in hot
water or oil.
ch-lor' a'yam, to dip a fowl in
hot water before plucking it.
ch-mar', dirt}'. Cf. kotor and
na jis.
chm bul, a small box.
chm-bu'ru, jealousy.
chm-bu'ru-an, jealous,
ch-mer'laig, glittering,
chm-pa'ka (Sk.), a tree with
sweet-scented flowers,
chm'p-dak, a fruit similar to
the jack-fruit, but smaller,
ch'm-ti (Tam.), a whip. Cf.
chnchaig, see chinchatg.
chn-chu'rut, the musk rat.
chn-da'na (Sk.), sandalwood,
chn-da'wan, mushroom, fungus,
ch-igaig' and ter-ch-igarg', amaz-
ed, astonished,
chig-ka'dok, grasshopper,
chig'keh, the clove tree.
bu'iga chig'keh, cloves,
chrgkorg, sunken (of the eyes),
chrg'k-ram, earnest money,
chig'k-rek, a cricket,
cho'ba, mn tempt ; also used in giving
orders in the same way as
the English word "please"
cho'ba i, to tempt.
pn-cho'ba'an, temptation.
cho'ki or chu'ki, the Malay game
ol draughts; also dam, q.v.
cho'kin (Chin.), bathing cloth.
Cf. basahan.
chok'mar, a battle axe or club.
chom'pai£, in the phrase:
cliompatg-champirg, ragged,
chon'd-roig and chon'doig.
slanting, out of the perpen-
dicular. Cf. meriiy, serget
and seroty.
clion'doig ma-ta-ha'ri, when the
sun is low.
choig'kak, pride; proud. Cf.
choig'kak, cowrie shells ; also a
game played with shells on
a board containing 18 holes,
choig'po (Chin.), a cook,
chon'toh, pattern, sample,
chon'teig, to smear, daub,
cho'rak, the colour or pattern of
a print or saroiy.
cho'reig, streaked, striped, stain-
cho'roig, a pipe, lamp chimney,
ch-pat', quick, quickly. Cf. ba-
rgat, dras, Ikas, lajti.
ch-pi'au (Port.), a hat, cap. Cf.
topi and sorgkok.
ch-rai', ber-ch-rai' (149), to part
from, separate from.
ch-rai'-b-rai', scattered.
ber-ch-rai' d'rgaii bi'ni, di-
ch-rai'kan, to separate, detach,
ch-re'wet, importunate,
ch-ri'ta (Sk.), a tale, story. Cf.
ch-rok', corner of a room, nook,
hidden place.

iia lay-english vocabulary.
ch-ru'tu (Tam.), cigar,
-chtra -chrita and chertra.
cht'ri (Hind.), an awning,
chu-a'cha, clear sky, fine weath-
chu'chi, to clean. Cf. suchi.
chu'choh, to kindle, set fire to.
chu'chok, to stab, pierce, poke,
push in, push through. Cf.
chu'ehok a'tap, to stitch ataps
with rattan.
chu'chok saty'gol, hairpin,
chu'chor, to flow, trickle (as
water, tears, etc.).
chu'chu, grandchild.
a'nak chu'chu, descendants,
chu'ka (Sk.), vinegar,
chu'kai, tax.
rhu'kai k-pa'la, poll tax.
chu'kai pin't n, house assess-
chuki, see choki.
chu'kop, enough, sufficient, com-
plete. Cf. pada.
chu'kor, to shave.
tn'karg chu'kor, a barber.
pi'mil chu'kor, a razor.
chu'Ia (Sk.), the horn of the
rhinoceros and of some fabu-
lous animals,
chu'ma, only. Cf. sahaja and
per-ch u'ma and chu-ma-chu'-
nia, in vain, to no purpose,
for nothing, gratis. Cf.
chuig'kil, to pick with a pointed
chuig'kil gi'gi, tooth-pick,
chu'pak, a measure of capacity.
chuTah, mn-chu'rah, to pour out,
spill. Cf. turn pah and
chu'ram, steep, precipitous, slop-
ing (as the side of.a hill),
chu'ri, mn-chu'ri, to steal.
ch u-ri-ch u'ri, secretly, stealth-
pn-chu'ri, a thief,
chu'ti (Hind.), leave of absence.
da'chiig, a steelyard.
ba'tu da'chitg, the weight of a
da'da, the breast, the chest.
1am'par da'da, to beat the
da'deh (Sk.), curdled milk.
a'yer da'deh, whey,
da'du (Port.), dice,
da'erah, sec da'irah.
daf'tar (Pers.), a list, inventory,
register, index, table of con-
da'gaig, foreign; a foreigner;
also o'rarg da'gaig.
da-ga'iyan, merchandise,
da'giig, the flesh of living bodies
or fruits, also dead meat.
da'giry ba'bi, pork.
da'ghg da'rah, blood relation-
da'ghg kam'biiy or da'giry bir
ri-bi'ri, mutton.
da'girg Im'bu, beef,
da'gu, the chin,
dahaga, sec dhaga.
da'hak, phlegm,
daham, see dham.

malay-english vocabulary.
, 27
da'hari, the smaller branches of
a tree. Cf. chabaiy, chararg,
raniiig, and chaiuaiy.
da'hi, the forehead.
dahshat (Ar.), terrified; terri-
ble; terror.
b-ri' dah'shat, to cause terror.
da"iig, dried fish ; also than kriry.
da'irah (Ar. circuit), district,
neighbourhood. Cf. jajahan.
da'kap, ber-da'kap and mn-da'-
kap, to embracc. Cf. plok.
da'ki, dirt on the skin.
da'ki, usually in the form mn-
Oa'ki, to ascend, climb (a
dak-si'na (Sk.), south; usually
da'ku, phonetic form of aku,
when following words ending
in n.
da'lam (27), in, inside; while,
whilst, during.
da'Jam an-ia'ra i'iu, in the
da'lam bcr-ka-ia-ka'ta, while
ba'ju da'lam, vest, undercloth-
dc'ri da'lam, from withim
di da'lam, in, inside.
k-da'lam, into.
ma'sok k-da'lam, to go in; to
go into a king's palace
(court language).
o'raiy da'lam, royal household.
da'lam (36, Note), deep; depth,
da'leh, excuse.
bcr-da-leh-da'leh, to make ex-
da-lima (Sk.), the pomegranate,
da-lu-da'lu, willow.
dam' (D.), the game of draughts.
Cf. choki.
da'mai, peace, concord. Cf. sjah-
tra and sntausa.
ber-da'mai, at peace.
da'mai-kan and ber-da'mai-kan,
to pacify, reconcile.
per-da'mai-an, reconciliation,
atonement (X.).
da'mar, resin: hence a torch.
da'mai' ba'tv, common resin.
da'mar la'ut, a timber tree.
da'mar ma'ta ku'chiry, a fine
kind of resin,
damdam, see dmdam.
dam'par, ter-dam'par, aground,
stranded. Cf. kandas.
dam'piig, ber-dam'piry, near by,
close to.
dan, and. Cf. pun.
da'nau, a small lake. Cf. tasek.
da'pat, mn-da'pat (45, 55), to
find, obtain, get, be able.
ta'da'pat ii-a'da, it cannot but
be, it must.
da'pa-ti, to find, obtain, get.
da'pat-kan, to come up to or
reach a person, meet.
pn-da'pa-tan, earnings..
da'pur, cooking place, kitcheD,
stove, oven,
dar' (Ar.), abode, dwelling; only
used in such phrases as:
da'ru 's-sa-lam', the abode of
da'ra (Sk.), usually a'nak da'rb,
a virgin,
da'rah, blood.
chi'rit da'rah, dysentery.
ta-han' da'rah, to stop bleeding,
stanch. ,
tin'pat turn'pah da'rah, birth-

iia lay-english vocabulary.
da'girg da'rah, blood relation-
ma'bole da'rah, faint through
loss of blood.
bu-arg' a'yer da'rah, dysentery.
da'rat, dry land, land as opposed
to water.
ber-jalan da'rat, to go by land
or inland.
na'ik k-da'rat, or tu'run da'rat,
to land, disembark.
mn-da'rat, to go inland.
dar'jat (Ar.), rank.
darji, see derji.
da'targ (62), to come. Cf. mari
and sampai.
bu'lan da'targ, next month.
yarg a'kan da'targ, future.
bcr-da'targ sm'bah, to come and
address a superior.
da'ta-rgi, to attack.
da'targ-kan, to bring to pass,
bring about, cause.
k-da'ta-rgan, arrival, coming;
attacked (by sickness, etc.).
da'tar, flat, level; usually rata.
da'tok or da'to', grandfather;
a title of Malay chiefs. This
word is used bv Chinese to
denote their gods = Chinese
da'tok ne'nek, ancestors.
dau'lat (Ar.), power, state, ma-
jesty; hail!
dau'lat tu'an-ku, your majesty.
da'un, a leaf, blade of grass.
da'un ka'yu, the leaf of a tree.
da'un teh', tea-leaves.
da'un t-li'rga, the lobe of the
d'a'wa (Ar.), a prosecution, law-
k'na d'a'wa, to be prosecuted.
mn-d'a'wa and d'a'wa-kan, to
da'wai, wire. Cf. kawat.
da'wat (Ar.), ink. Cf. tinta.
tm'pat da'wat, inkpot,
da'ya (Sk.), means, resource,
plan; also in a bad sense,,
trick, stratagem.
ti'pu da'ya, trickery, deceit.
da'ya u-pa'ya, resources, means
of doing things.
per-da'ya-kan, to deceive, dupe,,
da'ya, in its derivatives:
ba'rat da'ya, southwest.
s-la'tan da'ya, south-southwest-
Da'yak, the inhabitants of the-
interior of Borneo,
da'yarg, a girl, a maid-servaut
at court: used as a form of
address in speaking to a girl,
da'yotg, an oar.
a'nak da'yoig, oarsman, rower.
ber-da'yotg, to vow, use an oar.
d'bar, ber-d'bar. to palpitate,
beat (of the heart). *
d-dak', bran (of rice),
d-bu', dust; see 7bu and habok.
dekar, see dikar.
den'derg, dried meat,
de'ret, a row, series. Cf. ban jar,
ber-de'ret, in a row.
der-ha'ka (Sk.), rebellion, trea-
son; to rebel; also mndcr-
der-ham (Ar. dirham). a small
silver coin,
de'ri or da'ri (27), from (usual-
ly of places).
de'ri o'ias, from above, above.
de'ri ba'wah, from below.
de'ri da'Jam, from within.

malay-english vocabulary. , 29
de'ri-hal', about, concerning.
de'ii lu'ar, from outside.
de'ri ma'na, whence?
de'ri-pa'da, from (of persons),
on account of (150), owing
to (140), than (89, 90);
bail- de'ri-pa'da or I'beh ba'iic
de'ri-pa'da. better than.
de'ri sa'na, thence.
de'ri s-bab', on account of.
de'rl si'tu, thcnce.
der'ji (Hind.), Indian tailor,
der'ma (Sk.), almsgiving, alms;
usually sdkah.
der-ma'wan (Sk.), charitable,
de'sa (Sk.), a district, territory,
de'wa and de-wa'ta (Sk.), the
gods of Hindu mythology,
de'wan (Pers.), hall of justice,
law court,
de-wa'sa (Sk.), time, period;
usually zman or masa.
de'wi (Sk.), goddess; fem. of
d-gil', obstinate,
d-ha'ga, thirst.
her-d-ha'ga, thirsty,
d-ham', a slight cough, made to
attract attention or to clear
the throat.
ber-d-ham', to cough as de-
scribed above,
dhat' or zat (Ar.), substance,
zat' Allah or dha-tu 'I'lah, the
divine essence or nature,
dho'bi, washerman; see dobi;
also bnara.
d-hu'lu, previous, former; be-
fore (adv.); see hulu.
d-hn'lu ka'la, formerly, in
olden times.
d-h u'lu de'ri-pa'da, before
nan'ti d-hu'lu, wait a moment.
sa'bar d-hu'lu, please be patient.
z'man d-hu'lu, olden times.
d-hu'lu-i, to precede, go before.
d-hu'lu-kan, to prefer, put first,
di- (105), a particle prefixed to
verbs to form the passive,
di (26, 27), at, in.
di'a (6, 9, 13, 15), he, she, it,
they, him, her, them; also ia.
di'a o'rarg, they (colloquial, not
found in Malay writings).
di'a pu'nja, his, hers, theirs,
di-am', ber-di-am', silent, quiet;
to be silent, be quiet, dwell,
live. Cf. tirggal and dudok.
di-am-di-am', quietly, secretly.
ber-di-ain' di'ri, to keep silence.
di-a'mi, to inhabit.
di-am'kan, to silence, put to
silence; to permit.
k-di-a'man, habitation, dwell-
ing place.
di'an, a candle. Cf. lilin.
ka'ki di'an, a candlestick,
di'arg, mn-di'arg, to toast, warm
at an open fire. Cf. parg-
ber-di'aig and ber-di'arg di'ri,
to warm oneself at a fire,
di'dal (Port.), thimble; also
di'deh, mn-di'deh, to boil, bubble.
a'yer di'deh, the water in which
rice has been boiled =(B.)
oyer am.
di'kar, mn-di'kar, to fence (with
kris or sword); also dekar.
di'kau, thee, phonetic form of
argkau, chiefly used after
words ending in n.

iia lay-english vocabulary.
dikit, see sdikit.
di'na (Sk.), poor, unfortunate.
hi'na di'na, the poor and lowly,
the common people,
di'nar (Ar.), a coin, usually of
din'diig, a partition, interior wall
of a house,
di'igin, cold, cool. Cf. sjuk.
di-ni-haTi, early dawn, twilight,
d I raja, see adiraja.
dirham, see derham.
di'ri (22-24), self, oneself; also
ba'ica di'ri, to take oneself off.
ber-di-am' di'ri, to keep silence.
da'lani di'ri, inwardly, in one's
min'ta di'ri, to excuse oneself,
take leave.
s'o'raiy di'ri, alone, by oneself.
kn-di'ri, self.
sn-di'ri, self.
sa'ma sn-di'ri-rya, among them-
ber-di'ri, standing erect; to
di'ri-kan, to erect, construct,
ber-di'ri-kan, to erect,
di'rus, mn-di'rus, to sprinkle;
also diris; usually perchek.
d-kan', the bamboo rat.
d-kat', close, near, nearly, al-
most ; also d-kat' dhyan, and
d-kat' k-pa'da. Cf. harnpir.
d-ka'ti, to approach.
d-kat'kan, to bring near.
dla"if (Ar.), weak, feeble, in-
firm; usually Imah.
d-Ia'ki (B.), male = Jaki-laki.
dlam'mah (Ar.),the vowel point
corresponding to o and u;
see baris.
d-Ia'pan, eight; also pronounced
Japan. (For derived forms
see am pat).
d-II'ma, pomegranate; see dalima-
d-mam', fever.
d-mam' gi'gil, ague.
d-mam' k-pi-a'lu, continued!
d-mam' ku'ra, intermittent fe-
dm'dam, rancour, animosity ; see-
d'mi or da'mi, when, as, at the-
time when; by (in oaths),
dm'ki-an or d-mi-ki'an (143)
thus, in this manner, in that
dm'ki-an i'ni, in this manner.
dm'ki-an i'tu, in that manner.
dm'ki-an ju'ga (162 a), just in
that way.
dn'da (Sk.), a fine, mulct.
k'na dn'da, to incur a fine,
dn'dam, desires, longings; also-
in a bad sense, a desire for
ba'las dn'dam, to revenge one-
m-na'roh dn'dam, to harbour
revenge, bear malice; see-
rin'du dn'dam, anxious long-
d'lgati, with, together with, and,
(91) as.
d'rg an dm'ki-an, that being the
d'rgan hi'dop-tya, alive.
d'rgan ka-dar'-nya, proportion-
d'rgan na'ma Al'tah, in the-
name of God.
d'iyan p-ren'tah, by order.
d'rgan s-hy'kap-nja, fully equip-
ped, complete.

malay-english vocabulary.
, 31
d'rgan s'o'raig di'ri, alone.
d'rgan ti-a'da, without.
ber-ch-mi' d'rgan, to separate
ser'la d'rgan, together with,
d'igar, ra-nlgar, (lOM), to hear,
d'igar-kan, to listen to.
k-d'iga-ran, it was heard (im-
p-n'iya-ran, the sense of hear-
dig'ki, envy, malice.
m-na'roh drg'ki, to bear malice,
dig'kur, ber-drg'kur, to snore,
d-igoig', ber-d-rgorg', to buzz,
d'igu or du'igu, stupid, dull-wit-
ted; usually bodoh.
do"a (Ar.), prayer.
. ba'cita do"a, to read or repeat
min'ta do"a, to pray.
ber-do"a, to pray.
do"a-kan, to pray for.
do'bi (Hind, dhobi), a washer-
man, Cf. bnara.
do'dol, a kind of sweetmeats,
dok'tor (Eur.), a doctor, one
who practises western medi-
cine. Cf. homo and dukun.
dom'ba (Pers.), a sheep. Cf.
kambiig and biri-biri.
a'nak doin'ba, a lamb.
a'nak dom'ba Allah, the Lamb
of God (X.).
do'sa (Sk.), a crime, an offence;
ber-do'sa, to commit an offence,
be guilty of a crime or sin;
dosin, see dusin.
d'pa, a fathom.
d-pan', in front of; see liadap.
d-ras', rapid, swift. Cf. Za;',
pantas, Ikas and baigat.
d-ri'ta, mn-d-ri'ta (Sk.), to with-
stand, bear, endure. Cf.
fall an.
ti-a'da ter-d-ri'ta, unendurable,
d-ru', mn-d-rii, to roar (as tlie-
noise of waves or voices),
d-rum', mn-d-rnm', to kneel (of'
elephants and camels).
d-rum'kan, to cause to kneel,
ds'tar (Pers.), turban, head-
du'a, two. (For the usual de-
rived forms see ampat). Cf.
pasarg and ganda.
du-a-du'a, both.
du'a ka'li, twice.
du'a la'pie, double (as cloth).
du'a-ti'ga, two or three.
ber-du'a and ber-du-a-du'a. in
du'a-kan, to make two.
pn-du'a, second, duplicate,
du'dok, to sit down, sit, remain,
du'dok ber-sila, to sit with legs
crossed like a tailor.
du'dok d'rgan, to be married to.
sila du'dok, please lie seated.
du'do-ki, to sit on, inhabit.
du'iok-kan, to seat (a person).
k-du'do-kan, seat, place of
du'ga, mn-du'ga, to find out the
depth, sound, probe, fathom.
ba'tu du'ga, sounding lead. Cf.
tali du'ga, lead-line,
du'it (D.), a copper coin; in
Singapore = J cent, in Pe-
naig = 1 cent.

mai.ay-english vocabulary.
ness: also du-ka-chi'ta.
ber-du'ka and bcr-du-ka-chi'ta,
to be sad, grieve,
du'koig, mn-du'koig, to carry a
person or a child, usually on
the back or hip, sometimes in
the arms,
du'ku, the name of a fruit,
du'kun, a native doctor, midwife.
Cf. doktor, bidan and bomo.
du'laig, a salver or tray, usually
of wood; smaller than the
tat am.
dulapan, see dlapan.
du'li (Sk.), dust; a form of ad-
dress to kings, as du'li b-gin'-
da, du'ii yarg di-per-tu'an,
your or his majesty ; see jun-
Jun'ia (Ar.), the inhabited
her'ia dun'ia, worldly goods.
i'si dun'ia, the inhabitants of
the earth.
naf'su dun'ia, worldly lusts.
per-i' da-ran dun'ia, a cycle, pe-
riod of time.
dun'ia a'khi-rat, in this world
and the next, for all time.
<)u'igu, stupid; see drgu.
du'pa (Sk.), incense. Cf. starggi.
-du'ri, a thorn, spine.
du'ri lan'dak, porcupines' quills.
Cf. bulu landak.
ber-du'ri, thorny.
du'ri-an, the name of a fruit,
the durian.
du'sin (Eng. and D.), dozen;
also lusin.
dus'ta (Sk.), false, mendacious,
untrue; (B.) jus'ta.
sak'si dus'ta, a false witness,
dusun, a village; the country as
opposed to the town.
eh wal, see iliwal.
e'ja, to spell: see heja.
e'jek, m-rge'jek, to tease,
ekh'las (Ar.), sincerity; sincere;
also ikb las.
ek-li'si-a (Gr.l, the church, the
church universal (X.). Cf.
perhimponan and greja.
e'kor (84), tail; numerical coef-
ficient of animals.
c/kor ma'ta, the corner of the
bin'targ ber-c'kor, comet,
e'la (Port.), an ell, a yard,
e'lak, m-rge'lak, to dodge, avoid
a blow, evade an order,
'elmu, see 'ilmu.
e'lok, beautiful, handsome, pleas-
ant, excellent.
k'e'lo-kan, beauty, excellence,
e'nak (Jav.), pleasant, nice,
agreeable to the senses;
usually sdap.
eiggan, see 'rg-gan.
erg'sil (D.), hinges,
e'reig, lateral, on the side.
c're-igan rumah, the side of a
bi'lek e're-rgan, a side room.
E-ro'pah, Europe; also Airopak.
erti, see arti.
e'rut, twisted, crooked,
e'sok, to-morrow; also besoJc.
k'e'so-kan ha'ri-rya, the next

malay-english vocabulary.
, 33
fa'al or fi"il (Ar.), act, deed,
action, conduct, behaviour,
fa-ham' (Ar.), understanding,
knowledge: acquainted with;
often pronounced p-ham'.
sa'lah fa-ham', misunderstood.
m-fa-ham', to he informed
about, know, understand,
fa'i'dah (Ar.), profit, advantage,
benefit: also fa'edah.
ber-fa'i'dah, useful, advanta-
fa'jar (Ar.), dawn. Cf. dini-
fa'kat (Ar.), to confer, deliber-
ate, agree; also muafakat,
and pakat.
s-fa'kat, in agreement, in collu-
ber-fa'kat, to be in agreement,
fa'kir (Ar.), a religious mendi-
cant, beggar; poor,
falsu, see palsu.
fa'na (Ar.), mortal, perishable,
transitory: as opposed to
baka, imperishable.
"Far'si (Ar.), a Persian; also
fa'sal (Ar.), chapter, section;
about, concerning, with re-
gard to.
a 'pa fa'sal, why ?
fa'sik (Ar.), immoral, depraved,
fat'hah (Ar.), the vowel point
corresponding to a; see bans.
fa'ti-hah' (Ar.), the first chapter
of the Koran,
f-dlu'li (Ar.), to trouble oneself,
concern oneself, care about:
usually pronounced p-du'li. 1
f-dlu'li-kan, to care for, take
trouble about,
fcr'dlu (Ar. apportioned), re-
ligious duty; usually pro-
nounced per'la, q.v.
feriiggi, see frirggi.
fham, see faham.
fihak, see pihak.
fi'il, see fa'al.
fi'kir, ber-fi'kir (Ar.), to think,
ponder, meditate.
fi'kir-kan, to reflect upon.
fi'ki-ran, thoughts, ideas, opin-
fi-ra'sat (Ar.), the art of phy-
siognomy; also 'il'mu fi-ra'-
fir'daus (Ar.), Paradise, the
Garden of den.
fir'man (Ar.), decree, command
of God or of a sultan.
b-fir'man, to decree, command,
say (of God or a sultan),
fit'nah (Ar.), calumny, slander.
fit'nah-kan, to calumniate,
f-riig'gi (Ar.), European.
ga'dai, pawn, mortgage.
pa'jak ga'dai, pawnbroker's
farm or monopoly.
i'b us ga'dai, to redeem a
pledge, take out of pawn.
ga'dai-kan, to mortgage, pawn,
ga'diig, elephant's tusk; ivory;
also the ribs of a boat,
ga'doh, disturbance, uproar,
noise; also per-ga'do-han.
ga'gah, strong, powerful; force,
strength. Cf. kuat.
ga'ga-hi, to compel, force. Cf.

iia lay-english vocabulary.
ga'gak, a crow, raven,
ga'gap, to stammer, stutter,
gah', fame, renown, glory; also ;
mgah, q.v.
ga-haTu or g-ha'ru, aloeswood.
Cf. ahrat.
ga'jah (Sk.), an elephant.
ber-ma'in ga'jah = ber-ma'in
cha'tur, to play chess; see
chat nr.
ga'ji (Eur.), wages, salary. Cf.
o'ratg ga'ji, a hired man, ser-
ma'kan ga'ji, to receive wages
or a salary,
ga-la-ga'la, pitch used for caulk-
ing boats,
ga'lah, a long thin pole such as
is used on native boats for
poling or mooring them,
ga'lak, fierce, savage.
ga'Jak-kan, to stir up (as flame
or passion), excite,
ga'laig, mrg-ga'laiy, to prop up,
shore up; also kalarg.
ga'li, miy-ga'H, to dig.
pig-ga'U, spade; pick-axe.
ga'li-an, a mine, also k-li'an.
ga'mak, miy-ga'mak, to draw a
dagger or sword partly out
of the sheath, so as to threat-
en nn adversary,
ga'mak, ga-mak-ga'mak, at a
guess, approximately,
gam'barg, a musical instrument,
gam'bar, a picture, portrait, pic-
toral representation.
tu'li? gam'bar, to draw a pic-
gam'bir, the name of a plant, ;
gam bier.
ga'mis (Ar. qamis), shirt, vest.
gam-Ian (Jav.), a Javanese-
gam'paig (Jav.), easy; usually
snatg or mudah.
a'nak gam'paig, illegitimate-
ga'nas, fierce, ferocious, violent-
gan'chu, a hook,
gan'da, fold, iu the expressions:.
s-pu'loh gan'da, ten-fold.
s-ra'-tus gan'da, a hundred-
s-ka'li gan'da, or gan'da, two-
da a ka'li gan'da, twice as much
ber-gan' da-gan' da, manifold,
gan'dom (Pers.), wheat: aiso
trig v.
ga^'gai*? her-garg'gaig, to warm
oneself at a fire. Cf. diarg.
mrg-gorg'garg, to warm or dry
over a fire.
gan?'gu* impatient, importunate,,
interfering, meddlesome; to
be in a hurry,
gan'ja, the Indian hemp, from
which an intoxicating drug
is made,
gan'jal, a wedge or liner in-
serted in frames or hearings
to tighten them up; the-
spaces used with type to-
separate the words,
gan'jil, odd, uneven (of num-
bers). Cf. gnap, even,
gan'taig, a measure of capacity
(see end of Grammar),
gan'ti, substitute, successor; in-
place of, instead of.
ber-gan-ti-gan'ti, in turn, suc-
cessively. Cf. g'dir.

malay-english vocabulary.
, 35
gan'ti-kan, to succeed, take tiie
place of a person,
gan'toig, bcr-gan'torg, to hang,
suspend; to rely upon.
gan'torg-kan, to hang up.
ga'iyut, hard, not mealy after
cooking (of bad potatoes),
ga'ram, salt.
tm'pat ga'ram, salt cellar.
ga'ra-mi, to salt, cure,
ga'raig, fierce, savage, furious.
Cf. ganas.
ga'rau, loud, deep, hoarse (of
gar'fu (Port.), a fork,
gar'ham, see gerham.
ga'ring, a basket slung on the
ga'ris, a scratch, score, groove,
incised mark = goris.
mrg-ga'ris, to score, make a
ga'rok, mrg-ga'rok, to scratch,
prg-ga'rok, scraper, rake, curry-
ga'rut, a scratch. Cf. garis.
ga'sak, mrg-ga'sak, to beat,
strike with a stick. Cf.
ga'siig, a child's top.
ma'in ga'sirg, to play tops,
ga'tal, itchy, itching; the itch;
also lascivious,
ga'yoig, a ladle made out of a
coco-nut shell. Cf. chebok,
which has no handle.
g-doig', storehouse, barn. Cf.
-gerlek, mrg-ge'lek, to roll with a
roller or rolling pin; to be
run over by the wheels of a
carriage. Cf. gilirg.
ge'leig, mig-ge'leig, to shake the
ger'baig, the gate of a fortress,
town or castle; also pin'tu
ger'baig, mrg-ger'barg, to. let
down the hair in disorder,
ge'rek, mig-ge'rek, to bore, drill.
prg-ge'rek, a drill,
ger-ga'ji (Sk.), saw.
ger-ga'si, a fabulous race of
ger'ham, a double tooth, molar;
cf. gigi,
tu'taig ger'ham, jaw bone,
gerhana, see grahana.
ger'sek, coarse sand, gravel.
Also kersek.
ger'tak, mrg-ger'tak, to stamp,
strike with the feet (as a
person urging on a horse),
strike weapons together in
order to intimidate; hence to
ger'tak gi'gi, to grind the teeth.
Also kertak gigi.
ge'sek, mrg-ge'sek, to rub, cause
friction (usually of rough
things). Cf. gesel, gesir and
ge'sek bi-o'la, to play the fiddle.
prg-ge'sek, the fiddle bow.
ge'sel, mrg-ge'sel, to rub to-
ge'sir, mrg-ge'sir, to rub between
the palms of the hands,
g-gak', in the phrase:
g-gak' gm-pi'ta, a loud con-
fused noise,
g-gap" = ggak, q.v.

iia lay-english vocabulary.
g-gat', a bookworm; the larva of
the moth which destroys
gha"ib (Ar.), to disappear, va-
g-ha'ra, a'nak g-ha'ra, legitimate
gha'rib (Ar.), foreign, strange,
g-ha'ru, aloes-wood,
gi', ghee, clarified beef fat, used
by natives of India; also mi-
njak sapi.
gi'gi, a tooth. Cf. gerhatn.
gi'gi a'sv, canine teeth.
gi'gi s-ri', the front teeth.
cha'bot gi'gi, to draw a tooth.
cliufg'kil gi'gi, tooth-pick,
gi'git, mig-gi'git, to bite,
gi'la, mad, insane, idiotic.
gila ba'bi, epilepsy,
gi'lafg, gi'larg-g-mi'larg, shining,
glittering. Cf. kilai.
gi'liig, mig-gi'lirg, to roll (be-
tween rollers as in a roller
mill), roll up (as sails),
grind (as with curry stone
and roller). Cf. gelek and
ba'tu gi'liig, stone for grinding
curry stuff,
gi'lir (113), alternation, change,
turn, relieving guard.
ber-gi'lir, alternately, in suc-
cession, in turn. Cf. ganti.
gi'li-ran, turn, change of guard,
gin'tiig, a roofing tile = gntirg.
g-lak', in the phrase:
ter-ta'wa g-lak' g-lak', to laugh
g-lam', the name of a tree, the
bark of which is used for
catlking boats,
g-laig', bracelet, anklet.
g-larg' ka'ki, anklets.
g-larg' ta'rgan, bracelets,
g-lap', dark, obscure. Cf. klam.
g-lap' gu-li'ta, pitch dark.
bu'Ian g-lap', the time when
the moon is invisible.
ma-ta-ma'ta g-lap', detective,
g-lar', mrg-g-lar', to confer a
title or surname.
bcr-g-lar', having a title or sur-
g-la'ran, surname, title,
g-las' (Eur.), drinking glass,
g-l-gar', floor joists,
g-li', ticklish, excitable, unable to
control oneself,
g-lin'chir, mrg-g-lin'chir, to slip,
glitar, see gltar.
g-lo'joh, greedy, gluttonous,
g-lok', a vessel for water with a
narrow neck,
g-lo'rah (Ar.), stormy, troubled,
g-lom'baig, lara£ waves, break-
ers. Cf. oinbak and alun.
g-I'tar, mrg-g-Vtar, to tremble.
Cf. gmntar.
g-lu'maig, miy-g-lu' marg, to
wallow in mud; smeared
with mud. Cf. lumor and
g-malr, a bundle of sticks, sheaf
of grain,
g-ma'la, mythical jewels sup-
posed to have magic proper-
ties. Also kmala.
g-mar', pleased, glad, joyful;
ber-g-mar', to rejoice.
k-g-ma'ran, that which gives
pleasure; enjoyment, rejoic-

, 37
gm-ba'la, shepherd; see gombala.
gm-be'ra, excited, excitement,
gmilaig, see gilatg.
gmntar, see gntar.
gm'pa, shaking, quaking, especi-
ally of earthquakes.
gm'pa bit'mi, earthquake,
gm'par, tumult, uproar, riot,
gm-pi'ta (Sk.), loud, roaring
(of noises); usually in the
g-gap' gm-pi'ta or g-gak' gm-
pi'ta, a loud confused noise,
g-mok', fat, corpulent, stout;
fertile (of soil). Cf. tam-
g-m-rn'cheig, clattering, clank-
gmtar, see gtar.
gmuroh, see gvroh.
g-nap', complete, entire, consum-
mated, even (of numbers),
Cf. ganjil, odd.
s-g-nap', the whole, all.
s-g-nap' thin'ia. the whole
s-g-nap' ba'ri, the whole day.
s-ri'bu g-nap', exactly a thou-
g-na'pi, to complete, accom-
plish, consummate,
gn'daig, a long cylindrical shap-
ed drum; also gndrarg.
gn'd-raig, a large drum; see gn-
K s-grg'gam, a handful.
grg'ga-man, the grasp,
gn'ta (Sk.), a bell; usually lo-
gn'tar and g-mn'tar, to tremble,
especially with fear; also
g'tar and g-m'tar.
gn'tiig, a roofing tile.
a'tap gn'tirg, a tile roof,
goa' (B.) (Chin.) (10), I, me.
go'a and go'ha, a cave,
go'cboh, mrg-go'cltoh, to strike
with the fist. Cf. tumbok.
ber-go'choh, fighting with the
fists, boxing,
go'lek, ber-go'lek, to turn or roll
backwards and forwards (as
a fowl on a spit, or a boat
rolling). Cf. gulirg, gilirg
and gelek.
go'lek-kan, to roll or turn any-
thing backwards and for-
go'lok (Penang), a chopping
knife = paraty.
gom-ba'la (Sk.), a shepherd,
herdsman; a pastor (X.).
gom-ba'la at gam, one who tends
gom-ba'la-kan, to herd, tend
gon'chaig, mrg-gon'charg, -kan,
to shake with more or less
rapidity or violence. Cf.
ber-gon'chaig, trembling, shak-
ing (intrans.).
gon'dah, uneasy, anxious.
pa'satg gon'dah, neap tide,
gon'dok, goitre,
gondol, bald, bare-headed, hare
of leaves (of trees), bare of
vegetation (as hills). Cf.
goig', a gong.
goig'goig, mig-gorg'gorg, to
carry in the mouth (as a
goni, see guni.

iia lay-english vocabulary.
go'poh, haste, hurry; hasty. Cf.
go-poh-go'poh, hastily,
go'nig, to fry in fat, broil, grill.
Cf. rndaig.
go'ris, a scratch, score, groove;
incised mark = garis.
go'sok, miy-go'sok (86), to rub
with the idea of cleaning or
polishing. Cf. gesek.
go'yaig, ber-go'yarg, to shake,
swing to and fro as the
branches of a tree, oscillate.
Cf. gonchaiy.
. go'yaig-kan and mrg-go'yarg, to
shake (trans.), agitate,
g-ra-ha'na (Sk.), eclipse; also
g-rak', ber-g-rak', to move, stir
icr-g-rak', moved.
tcr-g-rak' ha'ti-tya, his heart
was moved.
g-rak'kan, to move, put in mo-
' g-rak'kan k-pa'la, to nod the
head. Cf. gelerg.
g-ram', anger; angry. Cf. ma-
rah and gusar.
g-ra'igan, pray, prithee (in ques-
tions). Cf. kira-nja.
g-re'ba (Ar. qirbat), water-skin,
g-re'ja (Port.), a church build-
g-riig', ill, sick (court langu-
age). Cf. sakit.
g-ri'sek, mrg-g-ri'sek, to make a
rustling or crackling noise
(as silk or tinsel). j
g-ru'da (Sk.), a fabulous bird; '
also gurda. j
g'ta (Sk.), couch, sofa, bed.
g'tah, the gum which exudes:
from trees, birdlime, rubber,
g'tah per'cha, gutta percha.
g'tah kam-bo'ja, gamboge,
g'tar, to tremble; usually gn'tar
or g-mn'tar, sometimes g-
gu'ber-nur (Eur.), governor;
also pmreniah.
gu'daig, a warehouse, store,
shop. Cf. gdorg.
gu'gur, to fall (of small light
things); also sometimes with
the idea of a premature or
unnatural fall, as of falling
stars, fruit falling from a
tree, hair from the head, a
premature birth, etc. Cf.
hi roh.
gu'giir a'nak-iya, to miscarry.
gu'gur-kan, to cause to fall in
the manner described above,
gu'la (Sk.), sugar. Cf. tbu.
gu'la ba'tu, sugar candy.
gu'la hi'tam, brown sugar.
gu'la M-la'ka, sugar made
from the coco-nut tree;
sometimes gu'la hi'tam.
gu'la pa'sir, granulated or
moist sugar,
gu'lai, curry. Cf. lauk.
gu-Ji'ga (Sk.), the bezoar stone,
gu'lirg, ber-gu'liry, to roll; usual-
ly to roll along as a wheel;
to roll oneself on the ground.
Cf. golek, gilitg and gelek.
miy-yu'lirg and gu'lirg-kan, to
roll anything along,
gu-li'ta, dark; usually g-lap' gu-
j li'ta, pitch dark,
j gu'loig, mrg-gu'lorg, to roll up
(as a mat, sail, sheetB of
j paDer, etc.); a roll made in
this way. Cf. gilirg.

malay-english vocabulary.
, 39
gu'mol, ber-gu mot, to wrestle.
Cf. gusti.
gum'pal, a clod, lump (as in
dough), clot of blood. Cf.
bcr-gum' pal, clotted, lumpy;
(B.) to wrestle (cor. of !
gttmol). -
gu'na (Sk.), use, utility; magic, j
a'pa gu'na? what is the use?
o bat gu'na, a charm.
ber-qu'na, useful.
gu'na-kan, to use, make use of. '
gun'dek, concubine,
gundol, see gondol.
gu'ni (Hind.), a sack made of !
jute. Cf. karoty.
ka'in gu'ni, sack cloth. Cf. !
gu'noig, a mountain.
gu'notg ber-a'pi, a volcano.
ka'ki gu'norg, the foot of a
k-mun'chak gu'norg, the top of
a mountain. i
gun'tiig, scissors, shears. j
mig-gun'tiry and gun'thy-kan, i
to cut with scissors, shear. ,
gun'tor, thunder; usually guroh. j
gu'rau, her-gu'rau, to jest. Cf. !
sindir and jnaka. \
gurda, sec grit da.
gu-rindam (Tam.), rhyming j
gu'roh, thunder, also similar
loud noises. Cf. gun tor.
g-mu'roh, thundering, like j
thunder. j
gu'ru (Sk.), a teacher, school- ]
master, clergyman (X.). 1
Cf. ptgajar, audita and ;
bcr-gu'rit k-pa'da, to have as
one's teachcr, learn from,
gus', in the phrase:
s-ka'li gus', all at once; all at
the same time. !
gu'sar, angry; to be angry. Cf.
marah and gram,
gu'sa-ri, to be angry at or with,
gu'st, the gums.
gus'ti (Pers.), ber-gus'ti, to
wrestle. Cf. gumol.
gus'ti (Jaw), lord.
ha'bis (To, 76), finished, com-
pleted, exhausted, extinct;
utterly, entirely, completely;
also in this sense s-habts-
habis. Cf. sudah and jtas.
ha'bis bi-na'sa, entirely des-
b-iuni' ha'bis,inot yet finished.
su'd'ih ha'bis, finished.
ha'bis-kan, to finish, complete,
pig-ha'bi-san, the end, termin-
hab'lur (Pers.), crystal,
ha'bok, dust. Cf. /6 and dbxt.
Hab'shi (Ar.), Abyssinian,
ha'bu, ashes; see abu.
had' (Ar.), limit, boundary;.un*
til. Cf. smpadan and prerg
ha'dap, mrg-ha'dap, -i, to face,
stand before or in the pre-
sence of, interview a person.
ha'dap-kan, to bring or place
lief ore a person, introduce. ;
ha'da-pan and di ha'da-pan, be-
fore, in front of, in presence
of; contracted to d-pan' (B.).

iia lay-english vocabulary.
ba'ris di ha'da-pan or ba'ris d-
panthe vowel sign corres-
ponding to o and a: see bar is.
ha'di-ah (Ar.), presented, offer-
ed ; a gift, present. Cf. pin-
brian and anugrah.
ha'dith or ha'dis (Ar.), the Mo-
hammedan traditions,
ha'dfir or ha'lir (Ar.), present,
arrived; prepared, ready.
ha'dlir-kan, to bring or place
before a person, introduce =
ha'dl-rat (Ar.), presence; lord-
ship, majesty,
hafatl (Ar.), to learn by heart.
Also ha pal.
hai' (132), an interjection; oh!
hai'bat or he'bat (Ar.), dread,
awe : terrible, awe-inspiring.
Cf. dahshat.
hai'ran or he'ran (Ar.) (148),
astonished: to wonder; won-
derful. Cf. 'aja'ib.
ha'jat (Ar.), need, necessity; the
wants of nature.
ber-ha'jat, needing, requiring;
to require,
ha'ji (Ar.), a pilgrim, one who
has made the pilgrimage to
na'ik ha'ji, to perform the pil-
grimage, become a haji.
haj rat, see hijrat.
hak' (Ar.), truth, right; due,
claim: just, true. Cf. bnar.
am'bil hak' o'rarg la'in, to
usurp another's rights.
ti-a'da d'iyan hak'-iya, unjustly,
ha'kim (Ar.), a judge,
hal' (Ar.), state, condition, cir-
hal' ih'ival, circumstances and
de'ri-hal', about, concerning.
I ha'la, direction, course,
ha'lal (Ar.), lawful, legitimate;
allowable; as opposed to ha-
ram, unlawful.
ha'lal-kan, to permit, declare
halaman, see hlaman.
| ha'lau, mig-ha'lau, -kan, to drive
' away.
: ha'li-a, ginger.
. ha-li-lin'tar, a stroke of light-
ning, thunderbolt; also hala-
j Uniar.
\ ha-li'pan or li'pan, a large-
centipede; see hiipan.
haluan, see hluan.
; ha'I us, fine, thin, delicate, re fin-
. ed. Cf. nipis and iipis.
i hal'wa (Ar.), sweets, pastry,.
I confectionery.
| ham'ba, slave; used as a pronouns.
| of the 1st person in address-
I ing superiors. Cf. sahya.
ham'ba Al'lah, a poor wretch.
ham'ba ra'ja, a king's servants-
or retainers.
tu'an ham'ba, sir; used as a.
pronoun of the 2nd person ire.
addressing superiors.
per-ham'ba-kan, to enslave.
per-ham'ba-kan di'ri, to submit:
per-ham'ba'an, slaverv. servi-
ham'bat, mig-ham'bat, to pur-
sue, chase. Cf. kjar and
ham'bat ha'ti o'rarg, to seek to-
j win people's affections,
j ham'bur, mnj-ham'bur, -kan, to-
I scatter (as rice, pearls.
money, etc., at festivals and
i ceremonies). Cf. tabur.

malay-english vocabulary.
, 53
ha'mil (Ar.), pregnant. Cf.
ham pa, see hmpa.
ham'par, mrg-ham'par, -i, -kan.
to spread out (as mats, car-
pets, grain, etc.). Cf. bn-
ham'pa-ran, a carpet.
ham'pa-ran ba'tu, pavement,
ham'pas, refuse, residue.
ham'pas sa'gu, sago refuse,
ham'pir, imy-ham'pir, near,
nearly, almost; to approach,
draw near. Cf. dkat.
ham'pi-ri, to draw near to, ap-
proach a thing,
ham'zah (Ar.), an orthographi-
cal sign, used to introduce a
syllable commencing with a
han'chur, mrg-han'chur, -kan, to
crush, reduce to powder, dis-
solve in liquids, decompose;
also metaphorically of the
heart. Cf. rmok.
han'dai, companion, comrade,
friend. Cf. taulan, sahabat
and kawan.
han'dai tau'lan, friends and
handak, see hndak.
tiaig' (Penang), thou, you-arg-
ha'igat, hot (fire heat): also of
anger. Cf. panas.
ha'rgat-lcan, to heat,
ha'rgus, to burn, be burnt, con-
sumed or scorched. Cf. ba-
kar, which means to apply
heat to, without necessarily
consuming, as in heating
hn'rgus-kan, to burn up, con-
hantam, see hntam.
han'tar, miy-han'iar, -kan, to-
convey, escort; also to send
in charge of another. Cf.
baica, irirg and kirim.
ter-han'tar, laid down, stretch-
ed out on a bed or on the
ground, as a sick or sleeping
person or a corpse,
han'tu, a ghost; evil spirits sup-
posed to haunt certain, pla-
ces. Cf. jin and 'ifrit.
bu'rorg han'tu, the owl.
ja'ri han'tu, the middle finger,
ha'iya, only, merely, except, but.
Cf. chuma, mlainkan and sa~
ha'iyir, a fishy smell; fetid, ran-
ha'iyut, ber-ha'njut, to drift,,
float on the water.
o'raig ha'ryut, a vagabond,
hapal, see hafatl.
ha'pus, mty-ha'pns, to obliterate,.
efface, rub out, wash out.
hara, see huru-ham.
ha'ram (Ar.), forbidden, prolu>
bited, unlawful; sacred, hal-
lowed. Cf. halal.
ha'ram-kan, to prohibit, de-
clare illegal,
ha'rap (148), hope, trust, con-
fidence ; to hope, trust.
ha'rap-kan, to trust in, rely
k-ha'ra-pan, disappointed,
har'dek, mig-har'dek, to reprove,.
scold. Cf. trgkirg.
ha'ri (Sk.), day of 24 hours. Cf.
ha'ri b-sar', festival, holiday.
ha'ri bu'lan, date.
ha'ri hu'jan. a rainy day or
rainy weather.

iia lay-english vocabulary.
ha'ri li-a'mat, the day of judg-
ha'ri ra'ya, festival.
c.'sok ha'ri, tomorrow.
i'n i ha'ri, today.
ma-ta-ha'ri, the sun.
pa'gi ha'ri = pa'gi, morning.
p-taig' ha'ri = p-ianj', after-
s-ha-ri-ha'ri, daily, every day.
s-ha-ri-ha'ri-an, day long.
j-pan'jaig ha'ri, all day long.
t'igah ha'ri, midday.
ha'ri a'had, or ha'ri mirg'go,
ha'ri is'mn, or ha'ri sa'tu, Mon-
ha'ri s-la'sa, or ha'ri du'a,
ha'ri r'bu, or ha'ri ti'ga, Wed-
ha'ri kha'mis, or ha'ri 'm'pat,
ha'ri j'ma-at', or ha'ri li'ma,
ha'ri sab'iu, or ha'ri a-nam\
ha-ri'mau or h-iTmau, a tiger.
ha-ri'mau a'kar, a large wild
ha-ri'mau da'han, tree leopard,
ha'rom, fragrant, sweet-smell-
ing: a sweet smell. Cf.
iva rgi.
ha'ru, mrg-ha'ru, to stir, disturb,
agitate, trouble; especially
of demoniacal possession.
ha-ru-bi'ru, confusion, disorder,
ha'rus, necessary, obligatory,
proper; it behoves, ought;
should. Cf. patut.
fta'rus, stream, current, the
movement of water,
fia'sil (Ar.), outcome, product,
profits, revenue; to have 9,
i result or outcome.
ha'sil-kan, to produce, achieve^
! accomplish,
j has'ta (Sk.), a cubit.
, ha'ta (133), a punctuation word.
; ha'ti, the liver; Hie heart as the
i seat of the passions (the
i organ which circulates the
blood is janioig); fig., the
centre of things.
| ha'ti b-sar', proud.
ha'ti pa'nas, hot temper.
ha'ti pu'teh, a clear conscience.
am'bit ha'ti, to win the affec-
a-igan-a'tgan ha'ti, conscience
b-vi' ha'U, to encourage, in-
bu'ah ha'ti-ku, my treasure, a
term of endearment.
rl'igan s-bu-lat-bu'lat ha'ti, with
one's whole heart.
hu'lu ha'ti, the pit of the stom-
i'ri ha'ti, spite, malevolence.
k-chil' ha'ti, spiteful, having a
grudge against a person.
k-ras' ha'ti, hard hearted.
ma'ta ha'ti, spiritual percep-
pa'nas ha'ti, angry.
sa'Ht ha'ti, offended, angry
with a person.
sn'sah ha'ti, sad, troubled.
ta'trar ha'ti, discouraged.
pcr-ha'ti-kan, to take to heart,
pay attention to, examine
ha'us, thirst; thirsty; worn ont
by friction or rust (of me-
tals). Cf. dhaga and burok.
ha'wa (Ar.), air, atmosphere,
climate. Cf. uilara.

malay-english vocabulary.
, 43
ha'wa (Ar.), love, passion, de-
sire; usually brahi.
ha'wa naf'su, carnal desires,
ha'yat (Ar.), life, vitality, the
vital spark. Cf. hidop.
s-la'gi a da hay'at, while I yet
ber-ha'yat, having life,
lie' (132), an interjection; oh!
hebat, sec haibat.
he'ja (Ar.), miy-he'ja, spelling,
orthography; to spell; also
lie'la, miy-hfi'la, -kan, to drag,
draw. Cf. tarek and seret.
he'lak, nny-he'lak, to dodge,
evade; also elak.
he' lak*kan, to ward off, parry,
hemat, sec hinimat.
hen'ti or hn'ti, chiefly found in
its derivatives:
bcr-hen'ti, to stop, stay, cease,
rest; (B.) brenti and mti.
ii-a'da bcr-hen'ti, incessantly.
ber-hen'ti-kan I'lah, to rest
after fatigue.
pcr-h en't i-a n, rest, resting
herdek, see hardek.
Iier'ga (Sk.), value, price.
her'ga ma'fi, fixed price.
her'ga in u'rah, a low price.
h-ra'pa her'ga? what price?
ta'roh her'ga, to fix the price.
ber-her'ga or b-her'ga, valuable,
her'ta (Sk.), property, goods.
her'ta bn'da, valuables, goods
and chattels.
her'ta dun'in, worldly goods,
hi'as, ber-hi'as, ornamented, de-
corated; (B.) brias and Was,
miy-hi'as and hi'a-si, to adorn,
ornament, decorate, fit out,
per-hi'a-san, ornamentation, at-
tire, trappings,
hi'bur, mrg-hi'bur, -lean, to com-
fort, console.
pig-hi'bur, a person or thing
which gives consolation or
solace; the Comforter (X.).
prg-hi'bu-ran, comfort, consol-
hi'daig, img-hi' darg, to serve
hi-da'iyan, courses (at a meal).'
in a'kan s-hi-da' rgan, to eat of
the same course, eat together,
hi'doig, nose, snout. Cf. mun-
ba'targ hi'doiy, the bridge of
the nose.
lo'barg hi'dory, nostrils,
hi'dop, alive, living; fresh, a*
opposed to dried, preserved
or canned; to live, have life.
Cf. hayal.
hi'dop pu'la, restored to life.
d'njan hi'dop-iya, alive.
ikan hi'dop, fresh fish; as op-
posed to ikan krirg, dried
la'gi hi'dop, still alive.
s-u'mor hi'dop, all one's life.
su'su hi'dop, fresh milk as op-
posed to tinned milk.
hi'do-pi and hi'dop-kan, to pre-
serve a person's life, restore
k-hi'do-pan, means of liveli-
hi'jau, green.
hij'rat (Ar.) (166), the Hegira,
the Mohammedan era. Also
haj rati
hi-ka'yat (Ar.), narrative,story^
history. Cf. chertra.
hik'mat (Ar.), wisdom, know-f
ledge, science, medicine;

44 iia lay-english vocabulary.
hence supernatural power,
hi'laig, lost; to be lost, disap-
pear, die.
hi'latg-kan, to cause to disap-
pear; obliterate, destroy,
k-hi-Ia'igan (128), having in-
curred loss, deprived of,
bereft of; as o'ra rg k-hi-la'-
rgan pi'sau, a man who has
lost his knife,
hi'lir, mrg-hi'lir, the lower
reaches of a river; to go
down stream, descend a river;
as opposed to mvdek, to go
up stream. Cf. hulit.
him'mat or he'mat (Ar.), pur-
pose, intention; diligence,
care; aspiration,
tum'pon, ber-him'pon, to assem-
ble, gather together. Cf.
kumpol and krumun.
him'pon-kan, to bring together,
collect, cause to assemble.
per-him'po-nan, an assemblage,
assembly, congregation,
church in a looal sense (X.).
hi'na (Sk.), low, base, mean,
despicable; lowly.
hi'na di'na, the poor and lowly,
the common people.
hi'na-kan, to despise, disdain,
hi'na-kan di'ri, to abase or
humiliate oneself.
k-hi'na'an, degradation, igno-
hinai, see inai.
Hin'di, usually neg'ri Hin'di,
India, Hindustan.
Hin'du, o'rarg Hin'du, a Hindu;
(Penang) a Tamil,
hitg'ga, until, as far as; limit.
Cf. sampai and had.
s-hirg'ga, until, as far as, to
such an extent that.
per-hiig'ga'an, limit, boundary,,
frontier: contracted to p-
hiig'gap, to alight or perch upon
anything, as birds or insects-
hin'tai, nng-hin'tai, -kan, to spy,.
peep at; see intai.
hirl, see iri.
hi'ris, nng-hi'ris, to slice, cut
fine, hash,
hi'sab (Ar.), counting, calcula-
tion; usually hitaiy.
hi'sab-kan, to count, reckon.
ter-hi'sab-kan, capable of en-
ti-a'da ter-hi'sab-kan ba'njak-
nja, innumerable,
hi'sap, mrg-hi'sap, to suck, draw
into the mouth or nostrils.
hi'sap chan'du and hi'sap ma'-
dat, to smoke opium.
hi'sap ro'kok, to smoke the
native cigarette,
hi'tam, black.
hi'tam- ma'nis, brown,
hi'torg, m rg-h i' torg, -kan, to
count, reckon, calculate. Cf.
h-Iai' or lai' (84), numeral co-
i efficient of thin or flat ob-
| jects.
j s-h-tai' ker'ias, a sheet of paper,
j s-h-tai' s-pirg'gaty, with only
i the clothes one Jibs on.
I ba'ju s-h-lai', one coat.
I h-la'man, courtyard in front of
j a palace or other building.
| hlaig, see Jaig.
| h-li'pan or li'pan, a large ccn-
I tipede.

, 45
fi-Iu'an, the front or front part
of anything, especially of
Jim'bus, mrg-hm'bus, to blow, -
breathe out with the mouth;
also used of the wind. Cf.
hm'bus-kan, to blow away.
hm'bu-san, bellows,
ihm'pa, empty; empty husks of
rice. Cf. kosorg and skam.
lim'pa ia'rgan-iya, with empty
pa'di lim'pa or km'pa, husks of
rice in which the grain has
never formed,
ihm'pas, mrg-hm'pas, -kan, to
throw or dash down. Cf.
fim'p-du, gall, bile.
Iin'dak, desire, wish; to wish,
intend; an auxiliary verb ex-
pressing the future (45).
Cf. man.
hn'dak-lah, placed before a
verb to express the imper-
Jtn'dak-kan, to desire a thing.
k-hn'dak or ka-han'dak (126),
will, desire, wish.
ber-ka-han'dak, to desire, wish,
k-hn-da'ki or ka-han-da'ki, to
Iin'dap, mrg-kn'dap, to crouch.
1i-niig'f clear, pure, transparent
(of liquids and of the heart).
Cf. jerneh.
hn'tam, to throw, strike; also
han tam.
hnti, see henti.
hn-ti'mun, cucumber; see timun.
fio bat, usually ho'ba-ian, sorcery,
magic. Cf. obat.
o'raig ho'ba-tan, a sorcerer.
Ho-lan'da, Butch; usually Blan-
ho'nar, disgrace, insult,
hor-lo'ji (Port, and D.), a clock,
watch; usually jam.
hor'mat (Ar.), reverence, res-
b-ri' hor'mat, to pay respect, to
hor-ma'ti, to honour, respect,
hrimau, sec harimau.
hsta, see hast a.
hu'a (Ar.), he; used in the Lei-
dekker version of the Bible
as a translation of Jehovah,
hu-ba'ya, entirely.
h u-ba'ya-h u-ba'ya, above all
hu'boig, ber-hu'boig, united,
joined: the union of fami-
lies, villages, etc., as well as
of tangible things. Cf. sam-
mrg-hu'borg and hu'borg-kan,
to join, unite.
hu'bo-rgan, lengthening piece,
hyphen; sequel of a book,
hu'daig or u'datg, prawn,
hu'darg ga'lah, lobster.
bu'ronj ra'ja hu'darg, the king-
hu'jan, rain.
hu'jan ba'tu, hail.
hu'jan l-bat', heavy rain.
hu'jan mau tu'run, rain is com-
hu'jan pa'nas, rain during sun-
hu'jan rin-tek-rin'tek, light
rain, drizzle.
ha'ri hu'jan, a rainy day, or
rainy weather.

hu'ja-ni, to rain upon,
hujat, mrg-hu'jat, blasphemy,
libel; to speak evil of, calum-
niate, libel, blaspheme,
hu'joig, end, extremity.
hu'joig ta'nah, cape, point of
land, peninsula,
hu-ka'ma (Ar.), learned men.
hu'kum (Ar.), judgment, sen-
tence ; decree, law, com-
mand ; rule, jurisdiction.
hu'kum is'lam, the laws of Is-
hu'kum yanj 'a'dil, just rule.
b-ri' hu'kum, to give an order.
ja'toh-kan hu'kum di a'tas
o'raig, to condemn.
k'na hu'kum, to suffer punish-
pu'tus-kan hu'kum, to pro-
nounce sentence.
s-pu'loh hu'kum Al'lah, the
Ten Commandments (X.).
hu'kum-kan, to judge, sentence,
hu'ku-man, punishment,
hu'lam, uncooked vegetables
eaten with curry,
hulat, see ulat.
hu'Ior, mig-hu'lor, -kan, to ex-
tend. stretch out, hold out
(as the hand); pay out, low-
er away (as ropes). Cf.
un jok.
hu'lu, the head, the upper part
or source of a thing, the hilt
of a sword or dagger, the
upper reaches of a river, the
interior of a country. Cf.
kpala, udek and hilir.
hu'lu ha'ti, the pit of the stom-
hu'lu k-ris', the hilt of a kris.
dhulu or dahulu, see dhvlu.
o'raig hu'lu, people of the in-
prg-hu'lu, a chieftain, headman.
prg-hu'lu kam'poig, the head-
man of a village.
prg-hu'lu ka'wal, the comman-
der of a guard.
pig-hu'lu ms'jid, the headman
of a mosque,
hu-lu-ba'laig, commander of a
body of soldiers, officer,
hu'ma, cultivated land, dry rice-
fields ladarg; as opposed to
satrah, wet rice fields. Cf.
bndarg, which is applied both
to dry and irrigated fields.
ber-hu'ina, to cultivate such
per-hu'ma'an, cultivated land,
the crops raised,
hun (Chin.), an inch; also a
measure of weight,
hu'nus, mrg-Jiu'nus, to draw a
weapon from its sheath, un-
sheath; also chabot.
j hur', hur'kan, to indulge.
hu'ruf (Ar.), letters of the al-
! phabet.
hu-ru-ha'ra, disorder, distur-
bance, tumult, riot.
| hu'tan, jungle, forest, wild un-
! cultivated country. Cf. blu-
! kar and rimba.
hu'tan b-lan-ta'ra, wild jungle..
hu'tan rini'ba, forest or pri-
! meval jungle.
1 a'yam hu'tan, jungle fowl.
1 ba'bi hu'tan, wild pig.
o'raig hu'tan, wild men of the-
pi'sarg hu'tan, wild banana,
hu'taig, debt, loan; owing, due.
ba'yer hu'targ, to pay a debt.
b-ri' hit'iarg, to lend, loan.

, 47
ber-hu'tanj, in debt.
pi-hu'targ, credit.
i'a, he, she, it, they; also dia.
i'a'i'tu (IT), that, that one;
that is to say, namely.
i'a'i'ni (IT), this, this one.
*i-ba'dat (Ar.), worship, adora-
tion, piety, devotion. Cf.
'i-ba'rat (Ar.), metaphor, figure;
explanation, interpretation.
Cf. Mas.
am'bil 'i-ba'rat, to use a meta-
ib'lis (Ar.), the devil, Satan.
Cf. shaitan.
ib'ni, ib'nu or bin' (Ar.), son;
usually anak.
S'bol, a kind of palm tree.
Ib-ra'ni (Ar.), Hebrew,
i'bu, mother. Cf. mak and in-
i'bu a'yam, hen.
i'bu ba'pa, parents.
i'bu ja'ri, thumb.
i'bu ka'ki, great toe.
s-i'bu s-ba'pa, of the same
father and mother,
i'dah, bridal present,
i'dam, mrg-i'dam, to long for (of
pregnant women),
i'dap, chronic disease,
i'dar, ber-i'dar, to revolve, go
round in a circle. Cf. pusirg.
bin'targ ber-i'dar, a planet.
i'dar-kan or per-i'dar-kan, to
pass or send round, especially
of food.
per-i'da-ran, revolution.
per-i'da-ran dun'ia, a cycle,
period of time,
id'dah (Ar., number), the num-
ber of days or fixed time that
a woman may not marrv
after divorce or the death of
her husband,
idhin, see izin.
'Writ (Ar.), demon, evil spirit-
Cf. jin and hantu.
i'gal, m-igi'gal, to spread the tail,
as peacocks and turkeys,
igama, see agama.
i'gau, m-igi'gan, to talk in one's
sleep, have bad dreams,
ih'wal (Ar.), plural of kal, q.v.
i'jok, the coarse fibre of the la-
bo rg (sugar palm), used for
making rope,
i'kal, wavy (of hair). Cf. kre-
i'kan, fish.
i'kan b-Ia'laig, flying fish.
i'kan k-riig', dried fish. Cf-
i'kan lum-ba-lum'ba, porpoise.
i'kan pa'us, whale.
i'kan to'dak, sword-fish.
i'kan yu', shark.
nja-tL'a-iya'wa i'kan, more dead
than alive,
i'kat, m-rgi'kat, -kan, a bundle r
to tie, fasten. Cf. berkas.
i'kat pirg'gaig, belt.
i'kat p-ri'gi, the masonry with
which a well is lined.
i'kat ru'mah, to build a house
(of brick or masonry).
i'ka-tan, fastenings,
ikh'las (Ar.), sincerity; sincere;.
also ekhtas.
ikh'ti-ar (Ar.), choice, decision,

ik'rar (Ar.), fixed, settled. Cf.
n'kut, m-iyi'kut, to follow, imi-
tate, obey. Cf. turui.
ber-i-kut-i'knt, in succession.
1'lah (Ar.), God, a god.
;i-la'ht (Ar.), divine; my God.
31'ham (Ar.), divine inspiration.
il'ham-kan, to impart divine
"il'mu (Ar.), knowledge, scholar-
ship, science.
ber-il'mu, learned, scholarly,
ii'mam (Ar.), priest.
i'mam b-sar', high priest (X.).
'man (Ar.), belief, faith, creed,
religion; the Mohammedan
ba'ira i'man, to embrace the
faith, become a Moham-
Im'pit, m-iyim'pit, to press,
squeeze. Cf. apii, tkan, tin-
1'nai, henna, a red dye.
i'naig, nurse; also i-nary'da
(court language). Cf. asoh.
5n-che", a title equivalent to the
English Mr.; also 'n-che"
and che'.
in'chi (Eng.), an inch,
in'dah, beautiful, attractive, im-
portant, valuable, precious;
also in-dah-in'dah.
in'dah-kan, to value, pay atten-
tion to, care about.
In'dok and in'doig, mother;
chiefly used in the phrases:
in'dok ma'du, honeycomb.
in'dok mu-ti-a'ra, mother of
in'dok su't-ra, cocoon of the
si lk-worm.
in'd-ra (Sk.), the name of a
Hindu deity.
k'in'd-ra'an, the heaven of In-
dra. This word is often con-
fused with kndara'an, q.v.
i'fgar, noise, clamour,
i'fgat, m-iyi'ryat, to remember,
think, pay attention, heed.
i'iyat-i'iyat, take care, be cau-
b-ri' i'ryat, to remind, caution.
i'iyat-kan, to remind a person.
i'yo-tan, attention, thoughts.
tcr-i'iyat, remembered.
per-i'iya-tan, a reminder, me-
Irg'g-ris (Eur.), English,
i'lgin (148), to desire, covet. Cf.
k'i'iyi-nan, desires, longings.
Ivg'lan, ney'ri Irg'lan, England,
i'lgus, mucus from the nose.
bu-arg' i'iyus, to blow one's
i'ni (16), this, these.
i'ni ha'ri, today.
i'ni ju'ya, this very thing; at
this very time, just now.
a'ku i'ni, I (emphatic).
s-ka'raiy i'ni, just now.
si'ni and di si'ni, here,
in'jak, m-iyin'jak, to tread on.
Cf. pijak and irek.
in'jil (Ar.), Gospel, the New
in'jin (Eng.), engine, machine.
Cf. jntra and psawat.
in'saf (Ar.), justice, equity, fair-
ness. Cf. 'adil.
in'san (Ar.), man, mankind;
usually mamma,
in'sha' Al lah (Ar.), please God,
God willing; also insha'lhli.

in'tai, m-iyin'iai, -kan, spy, |
peep at, watch for, peep into;
also hintai.
in'tan, diamond.
1'par, brother-in-law, sister-in-
i poh, the upas tree; the poison
made from that and other
trees for poisoning darts,
i-ra'dat (Ar.), the will or de-
crees of God.
Trak (Ar.), Mesopotamia.
5'rek, m-rgi'rek, to stamp on,
thresh by trampling on.
Of. injak and pijak.
pig-i're-kan, threshing floor,
li'ri, i'ri ha'ti, spite, malevolence,
'i'rirg, m-igi'rhg, to accompany,
escort. Of. hantar.
Vriig, i'ri-iyan, side, see ererg.
1-ro'pah, Europe = Airopah.
"I'sa (Ar.), Jesus,
"i'sha (Ar., evening), one of the
Uma ivaktu, or five periods
of prayer; also sm-bah'yarg
i-sharat (Ar.), a signal, sign.
Cf. tanda.
i-sha'rat-kan, and b-ri' i-sha'-
rat, to make a sign. Cf.
ii'si, contents.
i'si dun'ia, the inhabitants of
the world, the whole world. .
i'si kah'win, dowry.
i'si ki'tab, contents of a book.
i'si ncg'ri, inhabitants of a city.
i'si p-rot', intestines.
i'si ru'mah, family, household.
ber-i'si, containing; to contain.
Cf. muat.
i'si-kan and m-rgi'si, to fill,
Is-kan'dar (Ar.), Alexander.
Is'lam (Ar.), Mohammedan.
a-ga'ma Is'lam, the Moham-
medan religion.
ma'sok Is'lam, to become a Mo-
is'lam-kan, to make a person a
isnin, see ithnain.
is-ta'na (Sk.), palace; also as-
is-taig'gi (Sk.), incense; usually
is-ti-'a'dat (Ar.), custom.
Is-ti-me'wa, especially,
is-tiig'gar (Port.), matchlock,
is-tln'ja (Ar.), ablutions after
is't-ri (Sk.), wife (more respect-
ful than bint),
ber-is't-ri, to have a wife, be
ber-is't-ri-kan, to take to wife,
marry a woman.
I'tek, duck.
a'yam i'tek, poultry,
ith'nain, is'nin or s-nin'. (Ar.,
second), Monday; usually
ha'ri is'nin.
i'tu (16), that, those.
si'tu and di si'tu, there,
i'zin (Ar. idhin), permission,
b-ri' i'zin, to give leave or per-
min'ta i'zin, to ask leave, or
ja'bat, mn-ja'bat, to touch, grasp,
lay hold of.
ber-ja'bat ta'rgan, to grasp the
hand or to shake hands.

ja'di, mn-ja'di, to come into exis-
tence, be born, become, hap-
pen, take place, come to pass,
be sufficient or satisfactory.
ja'di-kan, to create, cause.
k-ja'di-an, creation, birth.
ja-di-ja'di-an, a supernatural
ja'ga (Sk.), to be awake, watch,
guard, take care. Cf. ba-
igun. sdar and turggu.
ja'ga ba-ik-ba'ik, be careful.
o'rarg ja'ga, a watchman.
ja'goig, maize, Indian corn,
ja-han'nam (Ar.), hell. Cf.
ja-hat', wicked, evil, bad, vicious.
bu'at ja-hat', to commit forni-
cation; also zina.
ku'da ja-hat', a vicious horse.
si-ja-hat', the evil one, the
ja-hat'kan, to defame.
. k-ja-ha'tan, wickedness,
ja'hil (Ar.), ignorant; usually
bbal and bodoh.
ja'hit, mn-ja'hit, to sew.
Jahudi, see Yahudi.
ja'ja, mn-ja'ja, to hawk goods for
sale, sell on the streets, ped-
ja'jah, only found in its deriv-
ative :
ja'ja-han, district, division of
a country. Cf. da'irah.
Ja'kun, a hill tribe of the Malay
ja'la, casting net.
ja-la-ja'la, trellis work.
te'bar ja'la, to throw a casting
mn-ja'la, to fish with a casting
ja'Ian (49), road, path, wayr
method; means; to walk,,
move forward, go on.
ja'Ian b-ha'sa, idiom.
ja'Ian ra'ya, main road.
ba'iva ja'Ian, to lead the way.
bu'ka ja'Ian, to lay out a road-
di t'rgah ja'Ian, in the middle-
of the road; during a jour-
sem'parg ja'Ian, cross roads.
s-pan'jarg ja'Ian, all the way..
ber-ja'lan, to walk, travel, go a
ber-ja'lan da'rat, to go over-
ber-ja'lan d-hu'lu, to go ahead- .
ber-ja-lan-ja'Ian, to walk about.
ber-ja'lan ka'ki, to go on foot.
ja'la-ni (99), to traverse.
ja'lan-kan (99), to cause to-
walk, set in motion.
ja'lan-kan in'jin, to start an.
ja'lan-kan ku'da, to walk a
ja'lan-kan p-ker'ja'an, to ma-
nage a business.
per-ja'la-nan, a journey, voy-
ja'laig, wild, runaway. Cf. liai\
ker'bau ja'larg, a runaway buff-
p-rem'pu-an ja'larg, a loose-
ja'lar, mn-ja'lar, to crawl, creep-
(as snakes, etc.) ; to creep,,
climb (as plants). Cf. ra-
jalma, see jlma.
ja'Iur, a small canoe, a dug-out..
Cf. sagur.
ja'Iur, stripes of different colours-
jam' (Pers.), a clock or watch;
an hour.

, 51
ja'mah, mn-ja'mah, to touch,
jam'ban, a latrine,
jam'baig, a flower pot; usually
jam-ba'rgan. Cf. pasu.
jam'bu (Sk.), the generic name
of a number of fruits.
jam'bu bi'ji, the guava.
jam-bu'a, the pomelo,
jam'bul, tuft of hair or feathers,
ja'min (Hind.), bail, security.
o'rarg ja'min, one who stands
jam'pi (Sk.), magic formula,
ja'mu, mn-ja'mu, a guest; to
entertain at a feast.
per-ja'mu-an, a feast,
jan'da, widow, widower; man or
woman separated from his or
her consort. Cf. balu and
ja'rgan (73), do not, lest.
s-pa'ya ja'rgan, lest; also a'gar
ja'rgan-kan, far from, not only,
not merely,
jaig'gal, awkward, unsuitable,
badly arranged, not sound-
ing right, discordant. Cf.
jarg'got, beard.
jatg'ka, fixed quantity or mea-
jaig'kar, rootlets hanging down
from the branches of banyan
and other trees. Cf. akar,
banir and tunjarg.
jaig'kit, mn-jarg'kit and ber-
jaig'kit, infectious; to
spread, be catching or infec-
tious (of a disease or con-
flagration). Cf. rayap.
jan'ji, promise, agreement, con-
min'ta jan'ji, to request the ful-
filment of a promise.
o'bah-kan jan'ji, to break one's
sam'pai-kan jan'ji, to perform
one's promises.
ber-jan'ji, to promise, make an
per-jan'ji-an, ail agreement,
jan'tan (87), male (usually of
animals). Cf. laki-laki.
jan'torg, the heart (anatomi-
cally), cf. hati; also that
which resembles the shape of
the heart, as:
jan'toig b-iis', the calf of the
jan'toig pi'saig, the knob at the
end of the banana blossom,
ja'rak, the castor oil plant.
mi'iyak ja'rak, castor oil.
ja'rak, interval, distance between
two objects. Cf. jararg.
ja'rak-kan, to place at inter-
ja'raig, seldom, rare, scarce, at
wide intervals, far apart.
ja'raig-kan, to space out, place
at wide or wider intervals,
ja'rl, the fingers, a measure = the
width of a finger.
ja'ri han'tu, the middle finger.
ja'ri ka'ki, the toes.
ja'ri k-lirg'kirg, the little fin-
ja'ri ma'nis, the third finger.
ja'ri t-lun'jok, the first finger.
i'bu ja'ri, the thumb,
ja'riig, a large fishing net, a
trammel, a net for catching
birds or animals,
ja'rom, a needle.
ja'rom chu'chok, bodkin.

lo'barg ja'rom, the eye of a
ja'sa (Sk.), useful service, credit
for services rendered, merit.
ber-bu'at ja'sa, to do meri-
torious service.
ber-o'Ieh ja'sa, to get credit for
good work,
ja'ti (Sk.), true, real; usually
btul or suiggoh.
ka'yu ja'ti, teak.
o'raig M-la'yu ja'ti, a real
ja'toh, to fall, become bankrupt.
For other words meaning fall
see Grammar § 163.
ja'toh sa'kit. to fall ill.
ja'toh-kan, to let fall, drop.
ja'toh-kan hu'kura di a'tas
o'raig, to condemn.
Jaudi, see Yahudi.
ja'uh, distant, far, afar; dis-
ja-uh-ja'uh, a long way off, far
ja'uh ma'lam, far into the
night, late at night.
de'ri ja'uh, from afar, far off.
ja'uh-kan, to remove to a dis-
tance, avert,
jau-ha'ri (Pers.), a jeweller.
Ja'wa, Java; usually ta'nah J a'-
ja'wab (Ar.), mn-ja'wab, a re-
ply, an answer; to answer.
Cf. sahut.
ja'wat and ja'wa-tan, office, pot,
duty, employment.
Ja'wi, an Arabic derivative of
Jawa, meaning Javanese, aDd
hence Malayan.
Ja'wi p-kan' = Ja'wi per-a'na-
kan, of Malay blood, applied
to persons of mixed Indian
and Malay blood.
hu'ruf Ja'wi, the Malay charac-
ja'ya (Sk.), victory,
j-banj', a large shield,
j-bat' (Ar.), musk, civet.
mu'saig j-bat', the civet cat.
jel' (Eng.), prison, gaol. Cf.
jeram, see jram.
jeraig, see jrarg.
jerat, see jrat.
jerawat, see jrawat.
jer'jak, thin rods to which ataps
are tied,
jer'ki (B.) = rzki, q.v.
jer'mal, fishing stakes. Cf. blat.
Jer'man (Eng.), German,
jer'neb, clear, transparent (of
liquids); also metaphorical-
ly, sincere, upright. Cf.
jerok, see jrok.
jerumat, see jrumat.
jerumus, see jrumus.
j-han'nam (Ar.), hell. Cf.
Jib'ra'il (Ar.), Gabriel,
jijak, see jjak.
ji'jit, ji'jit-kan (B.), to tease =
ji'ka, if, in case, supposing that,
provided that; also jikalau
and kalau.
ji-ka'lau (141-144), if, in ease,
supposing that, provided
ji-ka'lau ki'ra-nja, if perchance.
ji-ka'lau s-ka'li-pun, even if.
ji-ka'lau ti-a'da, unless.

, 53
ji'lat, mn-ji'lat, to lick, lap (as a
dog, or as flames).
ji-Iid' (Ar., leather), binding;
ji'mat, careful, thrifty,
ji'mat (Ar.), a corruption of
'azimat, q.v.
jin' (Ar.), a spirit; usually an
evil spirit, demon. Cf. ban-
tu and 'iftit.
ji'nak, tame, docile, domesticated,
bold, familiar.
ji'nak-kan, to tame, render do-
jin'tan, caraway seed.
jin'tan ma'nis, aniseed,
ji'wa (Sk.), the soul. Cf.
j'jak, ber-j'jak, footsteps, foot-
prints; to step, tread, just
touch with the end. Cf.
j-Ias' (Ar.), settled, arranged
(as accounts or other busi-
ness). Cf. sudah and habis.
j-las'kan, to settle, arrange,
j-la'taig, the nettle,
jlid, see jilid.
jl'ma (Sk.), incarnation.
mn-jl'ma, to be incarnate, take
a human or other form,
j-lu'jur, basting, loose sewing.
j-liTtoig, a large tree which
yields rubber,
j'ma'ah (Ar.), a society, com-
pany. Cf. korgsi.
j'ma'at' or ju'ma'at' (Ar., as-
sembly), Friday, the day of
ha'ri j'ma'at', Friday.
s-j'ma'at', a week,
j'man (B.), time, epoch, age =
jm-ba'tan, a bridge, pier, wharf,
jm'lah (Ar.), total, sum; also
jm'Iah-kan, to add up.
j'mor, mn-j'mor, -kan, to dry in
the sun. Cf. arginkan.
jm'pot, mn-jm'pot, -kan, to in-
vite ; also to hoid between the
finger and thumb. Cf. sila.
jm'po-tan, invitation.
o'rarg jm'po-tan, guest. Cf.
j-mu', satiated, satisfied, wearied,
nauseated. Cf. kniyarg and
j-na'ka, joke, pun; facetious.
Cf. gurau and sindir.
j-naig', the side posts of a door
or window, or of the frame
of a screen or partition. Cf.
tu'top j-narg', the upper post of
a screen or partition,
jn-de'la (Port.), window; also
j-ne'Ja. Cf. tirgkap.
jig'kal, the span as a measure of
j-nis' (Ar.), sort, kind, species.
Cf. mactiam and bagai.
ber-j-nis'-j-nis' (115), all sorts,
j-igok', mn-j-igok', to look with
the head protruding,
jn't-ra (Sk.), a wheel, machin-
ery, an engine. Cf. psaivat
and in jin.
ber-jn't-ra, having wheels or
machinery, revolving,
jo'doh, pair, couple, mate, fellow.
Cf. kmbar, pasarg and jori.
jo'doh-kan, to mate,
jo'gan (Pers.), a standard, en-

jo'get, dance, dancing. Of. tari.
Jo'hor, the name of a country at
the south end of the Malay
jo'lok, mn-jo'lok, to gather fruit
off a tree by means of a long
joig', a junk.
joig'kit, mn-joiy'kit, to rise at
one end, tip up.
joig'kok, ber-jorg'kok, to squat,
sit on one's haunches,
jo'ri (Hind.), a pair (used of
horses only). Cf. pasaiy.
jo'roig, tray for betel nut.
J-pun', Japan, Japanese,
j-ram', rapids in a river,
j-ra'mi, straw, hay, the fibrous
parts of certain fruits,
j-raig', mn-j-ra>g'-, -kan, to heat
over a fire. Cf. diary and
j-rat', mn-j-rat', -kan, a noose or
snare; to snare. Cf. rachek.
j-ra'wat, pimples on the face.
Cf. bisul.
j-rit', mn-j-rit', to scream, cry
out as in fear (of men and
certain animals),
j-rok' (Jav.), generic name for
oranges, limes, etc.; usually
Umau. Also a preserve or
pickle made from these
j-ru'mat, darning,
j-ru'mus, prostrate, flat on one's
face. Cf. tiarap.
ier-j-ru'mus, fallen flat on one's
jiia, see juga.
ju-ak-ju'ak, body-guard.
ju'al, mn-ju'al, -kan, to sell.
ber-ju'al (100), selling, en-
gaged in the sale of.
ber-ju'al-b-W, buying and sell-
ju'aig, ber-ju'ary, to fight (of
elephants and dragons),
ju'bah (Ar.), tunic, a long outer
garment worn by Arabs, and
by Malays on special occa-
ju'di (Sk.), gambling.
ma'in ju'di, to gamble,
ju'ga (144, 162), likewise, just,
nevertheless, merely; also
ba'ik ju'ga, pretty good, just as
b-gi'iu ju'ga, just like that.
dm'ki-an ju'ga, just in that
i'ni ju'ga, just now.
sa'ma ju'ga, this very thing,
just the same,
ju'laig, mn-ju'larg, to raise up
above the head, bear aloft in
the hands; carry astride on
the shoulders, toss ( as a
ju'liig, squint; cross-eyed,
ju'lor, mn-ju'lor, to stretch out,
put out, extend (the limbs,
tongue, etc.). Cf. unjor.
juma'at, see jma'at.
jumlah, see jmlah.
jum'pa, ber-jum'pa, to meet,
come across a person. Cf.
ju'igor, snout, beak (of some
animals and birds). Cf.
jun'joig, mn-jun'jotg, to carry
on the head, place on the

, 55
head in token of submission,
jun'jorg du'li, lit., to put the
dust of a king's feet on one's
head, to do obeisance.
jun'jorg ii'tah, to obey a king's
jun' jo-rgan, the person to whom
one does obeisance, lord;
used in Malay writings of
jun'tai, ber-jun'tai, hanging
down loosely (of the legs,
clothcs, etc.).
ju'ru, a skilled workman, an ex-
pert; in the following ex-
pressions :
ju'ru b-ha'sa, an interpreter.
ju'ru ba'tu, second mate on a
ju'ru kun'clh,. turnkey, stew-
ju'ru ma'sak, a cook.
ju'ru mu'di, steersman, quar-
ju'ru s-la'mat, Saviour (X.).
ju'ru tu'lus, a clerk, secretary.
pn-ju'ru, a comer, angle.
juTus, a brief interval of time.
s-ju'rv$ la'ma-rya, for a mo-
jus'ta (B.), false, untrue = dusta.
ju'ta (Sk.) (33), a million,
juz' (Ar.), one of the 30 portions
into which the Koran is
k, a prefixed used in forming the
ordinal numbers (34), and
certain derived nouns (126-
k- (27, 149), to (usually of
k'a'tas, on to, upwards.
k-da'lam, into.
k-ma'na, whither, where?
k-ma'ri, hither.
k-pa'da (149), to (usually of
k-sa'na, thither, there,
k'a'bah (Ar.), the name of the
sanctuary in the great mos-
que at Mecca, the temple at
Mecca; the temple at Jerm
sal em.
kabar, see khabar.
ka'bol (Ar.), assenting, content;
to assent, accept, agree.
ka'bol-kan, to approve a thing,
ka'boig, a measure of length for
cloth: a length of white cot-
ton material, folded and laid
on the shoulder as a sign
of mourning. Cf. kadut.
per-ka'bo-iyan, mourning,
ka'boig, the sugar palm,
ka'bot, mist, obscurity; obscure,
dim, dark. Cf. kabur.
k-lam' ka'bot, pitch dark,
ka'bu-ka'bu, the cotton tree
which produces kapok.
ka'bur, dim (of light or of the
eyesight). Cf. kabot.
ka'bus, indistinct, dimly seen,
ka'cha (Sk.), glass (the material
of that name). Cf. chermin
and gJas.
ka'chak, smart, neat, dapper,
ka'charg, beans, peas.
ka'charg ben'de, lady's fin-
ka'charg go'rirg, roasted pea
ka'charg ka'yu, the Indian dall.
ka'charg pa'rarg, a very large

ka'chanj pan'jarg, the long na-
tive bean.
ka'charg pen'dek, French beans.
ka'charg ta'nah, pea nuts,
ka'chau, m-rga'chau, confused;
to confuse, disturb, stir, put
into disorder, perplex. Cf.
haru and kochak.
ter-ka'chau, disturbed, dis-
ka'chip, scissors used for cutting
up betel nut.
ka'daig. usually ter-ka'darg or
ka'daiy-ka'daiy, sometimes,
ka'dar (Ar.), quantity, measure,
proportion, extent, amount.
Also kdar.
d'rgan ka'dar-nja, proportion-
s-ka'dar, in proportion to, to
the extent of.
ka'dli (Ar.), judge, magistrate,
marriage registrar; usually
ka'dut, a material of a more open
texture than kain guni, used
in mourning by Chinese, and
for sails. Cf. guni and ka-
ka'fan (Ar.), shroud; usually
ka'in ka'fan. Also kapan.
ka'fan-kan and ka'fa-ni, to en-
shroud, wrap a body for J
burial. \
ka'fi-lah (Ar.), caravan. j
ka'fir (Ar.), unbeliever, infidel, j
kah (56-60), an interrogative j
suffix. I
kahattdak (126), see hndak. 1
kah'wah (Ar.), coffee; usually j
kopi. \
kah'win, ber-kah'tvin, marriage;
to marry. Cf. nikah. i
i'si kah'win, dowry paid to the
father of a bricle.
kah'icin-kan, to give in mar-
ka"il, m-iya"i1, fishing line: to
fish with a line.
ma'ta ka"il, fish-hook.
ta'li ka"iJ, fishing-line.
p-rga"il, a fisherman (who uses
the line).
ka"in, cloth, any textile fabric:
a cloth, especially the Malay
sarotg, q.v.
ka"in ba'ju, saroig and coat-
one's clothing.
ka"in ba'sa-han, bathing clotli-
ka"in ba'tek, Javanese cotton
ka"in b-la'chu, unbleached
lea"in bu'rok,, rags.
lea"in gu'ni, sackcloth. Cf..
ka"in ha'lus, fine material.
ka"in kha'sah, a fine linen
cloth, muslin.
ka"in ka'dut, a coarse material
used for mourning by Chi-
ka 'in ka'fan, shroud.
ka"in ka'sar, coarse material,
ka"in k'ma'san, material woven
or embroidered with gold.
ka"in sakh'lat, woollen cloth.
ka"in s-hdai', one "sarong."
ka"in s-ka'yu, a roll of cloth.
ka"in su't-ra, silk.
bu'ka ka''in, to undress. Cf-
kais', to scratch (as a fowl).
ka"it, m-rga"it, a hook; to hook,
ka'jaig, mats made by stitching
together the leaves of the
screw-pine, and used to afford
shelter from rain on boats,
carts, etc. Cf. brgkuatg.

, 57
ka'kak, elder sister; sometimes
elder brother, which is usual-
ly abatg. Cf. adek and taclii.
kakanda, see kkanda.
ka-ka-tu'a, cockatoo; pincers,
ka'ki, foot, leg, base, pedestal.
ka'ki bu'kit, the foot of a hill.
ka'ki di'an, candlestick.
ka'ki gu'noig, the foot of a
ka'ki la'rgit, the horizon.
ka'ki iem'bok, foundations of a
bi-na'targ ber-ka'ki am'pat,
b-kas' ka'ki, foot print.
ja'lan ka'ki, to go on foot.
ma'ia ka'ki, the ankles.
ta'pak ka'ki, sole of the foot,
ka'kb, stiff, unbending,
ka'la (Sk.), time; usually in the
phrases given below. Cf.
waktit, masa, zman and kali,
a'da ka'la. sometimes.
a'pa ka'la, when. Cf. apabila.
d-hu'lu ka'la, formerly, in
olden times.
s-di'a ka'la, always, usually,
ka'la, a generic name for scor-
ka'la jrg'k'ug, the common
ka'lah (B.), to lose in a conflict,
suffer defeat -alah. Cf. m-
ka'lam (Ar.), a pen.
ka'laig, m-rya'latg, to prop up
(as a ship on a beach); also
ka'lau (141, 142) = ji'ka and ji-
ka'lau, if.
ka-lau-ka'lau, perchance, per-
haps, on the chance that, in
case that.
kal'dai, ass, donkey,
ka'li, a time or occasion.
ba'rarg-ka'li, perhaps.
b-ra'pa ka'li, how often.
k-du'a ka'li-rya, the second
s-ka'li, once; also see skali-kali.
s-ka'li gvs', all at once, all at
the same time.
s-ka-li-ka'li, altogether, entire-
ly; sometimes abbreviated h>
skah- meaning, quite, vorv
(92, 94).
s-ka'li pun' (144), even.
s-ka'li-an, see sklian.
ka'lis, impervious (to water),
kalimah, see klimah.
ka'lot, ka'loi-kan (B.), to re-
buke, reprove,
kam'birg, goat.
kam'birg bi-ri-bi'ri, sheep. Cf.
kam'birg ran'dok, he-goat,
kambli, see kmbli.
karri-bo'ja (Sk.), the name of
a tree with sweet scented
g'iah kam-bo'ja, gamboge,
kam'bus, ter-kam'bus, stopped!
up, choked,
kam'guan (B.) (Chin.), satis-
fied, willing; to assent, agree,
ka'mi (7), we, us (excluding the
person or persons spoken to).
Cf. kita.
kam'poh, double, in duplicate;
as a savon) woven in half
widths, which must be sewn
kam'porg, ber-kam'porg, to as-
semble; an assembly of
houses, a village, quarter or
ward in a town, the grounds.

round a house. Cf. himpon
and dusun.
kam'porg-kan, to collect, cause
to assemble,
ka'mu (6), you (usually plural);
when used as a possessive
pronoun often contracted to
-mu (13).
ka'mus (Ar.), dictionary,
ka-nak-ka'nak, infant, small
ka'nan, right; as opposed to Jciri,
*b'lah ka'nan, the right side.
ta'rgan ka'nan, the right hand.
kaiTchil, mouse deer = plandok.
kan'chtig, a button, bolt, bar to
fasten a door,
kan'daig, an enclosure for cattle,
stall, sheepfold, stable. Cf.
ban) sal.
kan'dar, m-rgan'dar, to carry
things on the two ends of a
la'yu kan'dar, carrying stick,
kan'das and ter-kan'das, a-
ground, stranded. Cf. dam-
kan'dil (Ar.), lantern, lamp.
Of. plita and targlorg.
kan'doig, m-iyan'doiy, to carry
in the bosom; conceive, bear
children. Cf. kendoiy.
kan-du'ri (Pers.), a feast held
annually at which prayers
for the dead are said; hence
any feast. Cf. jamu.
karg and k-kaig', a horse's bit.
Cf. lagam.
ta'li karg', bridle,
kaig'kaig, ter-kaiy'kaiy, strad-
dling, wide apart (of the
kaig'koig, the name of a vege^
kan'ji, meal or flour boiled to
the consistency of porridge.
Cf. bubur and suji.
a'yer kan'ji, gruel,
kap, the hood of a buggy,
ka'pak, axe. Cf. bliory.
ka'pal (Tam.), ship, vessel. Cf.
ka'pal a'pi, steamship.
ka'pal la'yer, sailing ship.
ka'pal p-rary', warship.
na'ik ka'pal, to board a ship
from a boat.
tu'run ka'pal, to go on board a
ship from a pier or wharf,
kapan, see kafan.
ka'pan (Jav.), when; usually
ka'par, ber-ka'pa-ran, spread out
in disorder, scattered.
ka'par-kan, to scatter,
ka'pas, raw cotton. Cf. kapok
and kabu-kabu.
ka'pi, a block, pulley,
ka'pi-tan (Port.), captain. Cf.
ka'pok, raw cotton. Cf. kapas
and kabu-kabu.
ka'pur, lime; mortar, plaster.
ka'pur ba'rus, camphor.
ka'pur b-lan'da, chalk, crayons.
ka'pur hi'tam, Portland ce-
ka'pur rna'ti, slaked lime.
ka'pur to-hor', quick-lime.
sa'pu ka'pur, to whitewash.
Cf. labur.
ka'ram, destruction, especially
shipwreck; to founder; some-
times used as an imprecation.
Cf. dam par and kandas.

karana, sec kerna.
ka'raig, coral reef, coral rock;
tic-bearing rock.
ba'tu ka'rarg, coral, coral rock.
bu'rga ka'rarg, sponge. Cf. lu-
ka'raig, m-rga'rarg, to arrange,
set in order (as flowers in
a bouquet); to compose (of
written compositions).
ka-ra'igan, a written composi-
tion, the setting of jewels, a
wreath or nosCgay of flowers.
p-rga'rarg, an author,
ka-rar' (Ar.), settled, fixed, es-
ka'rat, rust. Cf. bsi.
ber-ka'rat, rusty,
ka'rib (Ar.), near (of relation-
ka'roig, a rough sack, usually
of matting or other coarse
material. Cf. guni.
karunia, see kurnia.
ka'rut, in-rga'rut, to talk non-
ka'sad (Ar.), intention, purpose.
Also ksad.
ka'sap, rough to the touch,
ka'sar, coarse, rough, rude, im-
ka'sau, roof, timbers.
ka'sau jan'tan, purlins.
ka'sau b-ti'na, rafters,
ka'seh (148), love, affection,
favour; to love; (in the col-
loquial of the Settlements)
to give (79).
ba'las ka'seh, to return a fa-
min'ia ka'seh, to ask a favour.
t-ri'ma ka'seh (160), to thank.
Cf. shukur.
ka'se-hi, to love.
ka'se-loan, pity, compassion.
Cf. sayarg.
ka-se-ha'ni and ka-se-han'kan,
to have pity or mercy upon
a person.
p-rga'se-han, affection.
k-ka'seh-ku (126), my beloved,
my friend,
ka'si (in the colloquial of the
Settlements), to give;= (Pe-
nang) bagi. Cf. kaseh.
ka 'sim (Ar.), mutilated, cas-
trated. Cf. kmbiri.
kas'rah (Ar.), the vowel sign
corresponding to i; see baris.
kas-tu ri (Sk.),musk. Cf. jbat.
ka'sut, shoes. Cf. spatu.
ka'ta (149), ber-ka'ta, to say,
speak. Cf. chakap, bilarg
and tutor,
ka'ta-rya, he said; saying.
s-ka'ia, assenting, concurring.
s-pa'tah ka'ta, one word.
ka'ta-kan, to say or tell a thing.
per-ka'ta'an, a word, sentence,
ka'tak, frog. Cf. kodok.
ka'tak b-torg', bull frog.
ka'tak pu'ru, toad,
ka'tek, a'yam ka'tek, bantam
ka'ti, a measure of weight = 1^
ka'tib (Ar.), scribe.
| ka'til, bedstead. Cf. tmpaU
tidor, pntas and peraduan.
ka'toig, a sea turtle,
ka'top, m-rga'top, to shut, close.
Cf. tutop.
kau\ thou; an abbreviation, of
; kaudu (B.), mean, stingy.

kaul' (Ar.), word, sentence, sav-
kaum' (Ar.), a people, race,
tribe, nation. Cf. batysa.
kaum' k-hir'ga, household, fa-
mily, all one's relations.
kaus' (Ar., shoes), in the phrase:
k-ba'wah kaus', an honorific
title of princes, having refer-
ence to the ancient custom of
placing the head beneath a
king's feet in token of sub-
mission. Cf. junjorg.
ka'wah, cauldron,
ka'wal, guard, watch. Cf. jaga.
pry-hn'lu ka'wal, the comman-
der of a guard.
ber-ka'wal, to keep watch,
ka'wan, comrade, companion;
herd, flock, company. Cf.
tm an, ban da i, ta u Ian and
sah a bat.
ka'wat, wire; telegram. Cf.
kawin, see kalnvin.
ka'ya, rich.
o'rarg ka'ya, a title of Malay
k-ka'ya'an, riches,
ka-ya'igan (Jav.), the heaven
of Hindu mythology; see
yarg. Cf. shorga and indra.
ka'yap, a skin disease,
ka'yoh, m-rya'yoh, a paddle; to
paddle a boat.
p-rga'yoh, a paddle,
ka'yu, wood, a tree, a log: nu-
merical coefficient of rolls of
cloth or other material (83).
ka'yu a'pi, firewood.
ka'yu a'raiy, ebony.
ka'yu ma'nis, cinnamon.
| ba'taig ka'yu, the trunk of a
I tree.-
I bu'ah ka'yu, the fruit of a tree.
! da'un ka'yu, the leaves of a
J ku'lit ka'yu, bark.
; po'lion ka'yu, a tree,
kbajikan, see bajik.
k-bal', rendered invulnerable (by
i magic).
; k-bas', to shake in order to re-
move dust or dirt. Cf. gon-
I k-ba'ya (Pers.), a jacket worn
by women.
! kbiri, see kmbiri.
\ k-bun', garden, plantation, or-
| chard.
! tu'karg k-bun', gardener.
ber-k-bun'. to be a planter.
: k-chap', m-rg-chap', to taste,
i k-cha pi (Sk.), a lyre, harp.
' k-che'wa, injury, disappoint-
k-chil, small, little: sometimes-
: pronounced k-chi".
k-clt il' de-ri-pa'da, smaller than.
| k-chW ha'ii, spiteful, having a
I grudge against a person,
i a'nak k-chil', an infant.
' de'ri k-chil', from childhood,
i tu'an k-chil', junior in office,,
master's son.
k-chu'ak (Chin.), cockroach..
Cf. Upas.
k-chu-a'li, especially, particular-
ly. Cf. i8timewa.
k-chup', a kiss. Cf. chium.
k-chut wrinkled, shrivelled. Cf-
kdut and krut.
k-dai', shop. Cf. gudarg.
bu'ka k-dai', to set up a shop-

, 61
ber-k-dai', to keep a shop.
o'raig ber-k-dai', shopkeeper,
jk-dal', a skin disease causing
white patches on the hands
and feet, sometimes described
as a form of leprosy. Cf.
k-daig', m-ig-daig', to stretch out
(the hands),
k-dar' and ka'dar (Ar.), quan-
tity, measure, proportion, ex-
tent, amount.
d'tyan k-dar'-nja, proportion-
s-k-dar', in proportion to, to
the extent of.
k-dut', a wrinkle, crease. Cf.
kchut and krut.
ke'chek, persuasive, coaxing, im-
ke'chi (Eng., ketch), a small
sailing vessel,
ke'ju (Port.), cheese,
ke'laig, a pair of rollers, hence a
roller mill for sugar, tapioca,
ike'lek, to carry under the arm.
.ke'loig, fishing-stakes; see also
ken'doig, m-rgen'dorg, to carry
in a fold of one's clothes.
Cf. kandorg.
ike'peig, a small coin,
ker bau, buffalo,
ker'chut, reed grass,
ker'ja (Sk.), work, employment,
business, festivities.
b-ker'ja, to work, be engaged in
business or in festivities.
ker'ja-kan, to carry out, accom-
plish, execute; to hold fes-
tivities or perform cere-
monies for a person (as mar-
riage, circumcision or a
funeral); to murder by com-
mand of a raja, execute.
p-ker'ja'an, work, occupation,
ker'liig, m-iger'liig, to look out
of the corners of the eyes,
give a sidelong glance,
ker'na (Sk. karana) (140), lie-
cause, for, owing to. Cf.
ker'sek, coarse sand; also krisek.
Cf. pasir.
ker'tak, kcr'tak gi'gi, to grind
the teeth,
ker'tas (Ar.), paper.
ker'tas km-harg' and ker'tas
lap', blotting paper,
ke'sah (Ar.), tale, story, nar-
(d-ke'sah (133), a punctuation
kha'bar (Ar.) (155, 159), news,
tidings, information, know-
ledge of fact. Cf. brita and
klta'bar a'lyin, unreliable in-
formation, false rumours.
kba'bar ba'ik, good news.
a'pa kha'bar, what is the news?
the usual Malay salutation,
the reply to which is, khabar
su'rat kha'bar, newspaper. Cf.
ti-a'da kha'bar a'kan di'ri-rya,
in a state of unconsciousness.
kha'bar-kan, to relate, narrate,
inform. Cf. bri tahu.
kha'dim (Ar.), servant, attend-
kha-la'si (Pers.), sailor,
kha-la'yak (Ar. khala'ik), cre-
atures, created things.

kha-li'fah (Ar.), successor, ca-
kha'lik (Ar.), creator,
kha'mir (Ar.), yeast, leaven;
fermented, leavened,
kha'mis (Ar., fifth), Thursday;
usually hari khamis.
khanduri, see kanduri.
kha-ran'da, see kranda.
kha'sah, ka'in kha'sali, muslin,
kha'si-at (Ar.), virtue, energy,
power to produce certain re-
sults (as drugs, etc.); (B)
k'si-at, advantage,
khat' (Ar.), handwriting; also
bkas targan.
khawatir, see khuatir.
kha'tam (Ar.), end; finished,
ended, concluded.
kha'tam-kan, to finish, conclude
(of persons who have just
learned to read the Koran),
kha'tan (Ar.), circumcision;
usually sunat.
kha'tan-kan, to circumcise,
kha'tib (Ar.), preacher, the per-
son who reads the kh-utbah
in a mosque,
kha-za'nah (Ar. khizanat),
treasure house,
khe'mah (Ar.), tent, taber-
khi-a'nat (Ar.), treachery, per-
khid'mat (Ar.), service,
khi'laf (Ar.), contradiction,
error, mistake. Cf. silap.
khizanat, see khazanah.
khu-a'tir (Ar. khawatir), anr
xiety, apprehension, anxious
thought; also kuatir.
khur'ma (Pers.), dates,
khut'bah (Ar.), discourse, ser-
mon read in mosques on
ki-a'mat (Ar.), resurrection;
usually kbargkitan.
ha'ri ki-a'mat, the resurrection
ki'an, thus, so, found chiefly in
its derivatives:
ar'ki-an (133), then.
dm'ki-an, thus.
k-la'ki-an (133), moreover.
s-ki'an, so much, so many,
ki'as (Ar.), comparison, analogy,
syllogism, example. Cf. 'iba-
ki'bar, to flutter in the air (as a
ki'bas, m-rgi'bas, to swing to and
fro (trans.). Cf. goyarg.
da'yorg ki'bas, a two-bladed
kib'lah (Ar., facing, opposite
to), the direction in which
Mohammedans face when
ki'chu, m-rgi'chu, to deceive,
cheat; usually tipu.
ki'dal, left-handed,
ki'jaig, a small deer. Cf. kan-
chil, plandok and rusa.
ki'kir, a file, rasp; stingy, mean,
ki'kis, m-rgi'kis, to scrape,
scratch. Cf. garok and ga-
ki'lat, lightning; brilliancy; glit-
tering, shining. Cf. ptir
and gilanj,
ki'lau, ki-lau-ka'lau-an, glitter-
ing, brilliant, reflecting light.
Cf. gilarg.

ki'lir, to sharpen. Cf. asah.
kim'kha (Pers.), damask,
ki'pas, a fan.
ki'ra, m-rgi'ra, to reckon, calcu-
late, guess, think, suppose.
Cf. hitorg and bilaty.
ki-ra-ki'ra, accounts, calcula-
tions ; about, nearly, more or
less. Cf. Ibeh-kurarg.
ki'ra-rya, pray, prithee (in
prayers or requests) ; per-
chance, in the phrase jika-
lau kira-rya, if perchance;
also s-kira-rya.
kir'bat (Ar.), water-skin; see
ki'ri, left, as opposed to kanan,
sb'lah ki'ri, the left side.
ta'rgan ki'ri, the left hand,
ki'rim, m-rgi'rim, -kan, -i, to
send (things not persons).
Cf. haniar.
ki'ri-man, the thing sent.
su'rat ki'ri-man, a letter,
kisah, see kesah.
ki'sar, m-rgi'sar, to turn, cause to
revolve horizontally, as a
millstone. Cf. putar and
ba'ta ki'sa-ran, a millstone.
Cf. gitirg.
ber-ki'sar, to revolve,
ki-si-ki'si, trellis-work,
kis'mat (Ar.), fate,
kis'mis (Pers.), raisins,
ki'ta (fi), we, us (including the
person or persons spoken to).
Cf. kami.
ki tab (Ar.), a book, especially
religious works.
i'si ki'tab, contents of a book.
Cf. daftar.
k-jam", m-rg-jam', to close the
eyes; also pjam.
k-jap', a wink, the blinking of
the eyes. Cf. klip,
s-k-jap', an instant,
k'jar, m-tg'jar, to pursue, chase.
Cf. hambat.
k-ji', base, vile, mean, despicable.
Cf. hina.
k-ji'kan, to despise, slight,
k-jot', to he startled, start.
ter-k-jot', startled.
k-jol'kan, to startle, arouse
from sleep,
k-kal', durable, permanent, con-
tinual, eternal. Cf. baka
and lam.a.
k-kal'kan, to perpetuate,
k-kan'da, elder brother or sister
(polite form of hakak).
k-kaig' and kaig', a horse's bit.
Cf. lagam.
ta'li k-karg', bridle,
kkaseh, see kaseb.
k-la'bu, grey,
k-la'dak, dregs, sediment,
k-la'di, the vam; also u'bi k-la'di.
Cf. kledek.
k-la'hi, ber-k-la'hi, to fight, quarr
pcr-k-la'hi-an, quarrel, fight,
k-lak', a participle expressing
the future tense, sometimes
used in conjunction with
a ban, q.v.
k-Ia'ki-an (133), a punctuation
word: see kian.
k-lam', dark; darkness. Cf.
k-iarn' ka'bot, thick darkness,
thick fog.
k-lam'bu, mosquito net.

k-la'pa (Jav.) = Malay njiur,
the coeo-nut tree.
a'yer k-la'pa, the milk of the
bu'ah k-la'pa, a coco-nut.
it si k-la'pa, the meat or nutty
part of the coeo-nnt.
poll on k-la'pa, the coco-nut
sa'but k-la'pa, the husk of the
sua''on k-la'pa, the juice ex-
tracted from the nutty part,
"k-la'si (Pers. khalashi), sailor,
k-lat', acid.
k-la'tu (B.), to rap on the head
with the knuckle of the fore
k-la'war, a bat. Cf. kluaiy.
ik-le'dek, the sweet potato; this
is considered a very inferior
root as an article of food by
the natives, who therefore
use this word as an oppro-
brious epithet; as in the
phrase loyar kledek, a second-
rate lawyer,
k-leh to see.
k-le'waig, a short, heavy sword,
k-li'an, a mine = yalian.
k-li'kir, ba'tu k-U'kir, gravel.
Cf. kersek.
k-li'liig, round about, around.
ber-k-li'lirg, surrounding, a-
k-li'U-rgi, to surround, encir-
cle, go round. Cf. kpory.
k-Iim', hem, seam,
k-li'mah (Ar.), word, speech,
saying, sentence.
k-li'mah sha-ha'dat, the Mo-
hammedan profession of
K-liig', ney'ri K-liiy' (Sk.), the
eastern coast of British In-
K-lirg' islam, a Mahoinmedan
o'raiy K-liiy'. the natives of that
part of India, especially the
Telugus and Tamils,
k-liig'kiig and ja'ri k-liry'kiry,
the little finger.
k-liry'kiry ka'ki, the little toe.
k-lin'toig, a hawker,
k-lip', ber-k-lip', to blink the
eyes. Cf. kjam and kjap.
k-lip'-k-lip', firefly.
s-k-lip' mala, the twinkling of
an eye.
k-Ii'ru, deception, error, mistake,
misconception; muddled.
k-I-ka'tu, flying ants,
kl-ma'rin and k-ma'rin, yester-
day. Cf. s-malam.
kl-ma'rin d-hulu, the day he-
fore yesterday,
k-l-ma'yar, the phosphorescent
k-loh', m-iy-loli', a sigh; to sigh.
k-loh' k-sah', mental agitation,
k-lom'pok, a group of persons.
Cf. tumpok.
k-lo'pak, a sheath, the lid of the
eye, sheath of buds.
k-lo'pak ma'ta, eyelid.
k-Ju', dumb, speechless; also bisu.
k-lu'arg, a very large bat, the
kluar, see luar.
k-lu-ar'ga, see klurga.
k-lu'botg, ber-k-lu'bory, to en-
velop, cover up (as with a
k-lu'pitg, a scab.

, 65
k-lur'ga (Sk.), relationship, re-
lated to, a relative.
kaum' k-lur'ga, relations, fa-
k-ma'la, mythical jewels sup-
posed to have magic qua-
lities; usually gmala.
k-man'tin (B.), bride = prganlin
k-ma'rau, dry, without water.
mu'sim k-ma'rau, the dry sea-
k-ma'rin, yesterday; see klma-
k-mas', ber-k-mas', to pack up,
stow away.
k-mas'kan, to pack things up.
km-ba'li, again, over again, back
again; to return. Cf. balek
and pularg.
km-ba'U k-rah'mat Al'lah, to
km-ba'li-kan, to restore, give
back, return,
km-baig', ber-km-barg', to spread,
spread out, expand, open (as
liquids in absorbent material,
a dry sponge when soaked in
water, or a flower from the
ker'tas km-barg', blotting paper.
km-barg'kan, to spread out (as
a bird spreads its wings).
km'bar, bar-km'bar, twins; in
pairs, in triplets.
a'nak km'bar, twins.
ta'li km'bar ii'ga, a threefold
km-ba'ri, to pair with or against
(in single combat),
km-ba'ra, m-rgm-ba'ra, to wan-
der about,
km-bi'ri and k-bi'ri, mutilated,
castrated. Cf. kasim.
a'yam km-bi'ri, a capon.
km'b-li, baize, rough woollen
material such as blankets are
made of.
km-bo'ja (Sk.), the name of a
tree with sweet-scented flow-
ers ; also kamboja,
km'boig, to swell; swollen,
km'di-an, afterwards.
km'di-an de-ri-pa'da, after
(prep.). Cf. Ipas.
km'di-an de-ri-pa'da i'tu, after
k-me'ja (Port.), shirt,
k'mn-iyan, benzoin, used as in-
cense by the Malays,
km'pas, a hard-wood tree,
km'pis, deflated, collapsed (a6 a
bicycle tyre),
k-mu'di, rudder.
ju-ru-mu'di, steersman, quar-.
k-mun'chak, top, apex, summit
(of masts, roofs, hills, etc.).
k-mu'niig, a tree with wood
similar to boxwood, healing
sweet-scented flowers,
k'na, m-rg'na (IT), to hit a
mark, get, incur, as in the
following phrases:
k'na in'3a, to be fined.
k'na fit'nah, to be slandered.
k'na hti'jan, to get wet in the
k'na hu'kum, to get punished.
k'na lu'ka, to get a wound.
k'na ma'lu, to be disgraced.
k'na pu'kol, to get beaten.
k'na ru'gi, to incur loss.
k'na sa'kit, to fall sick.
' k'na sek'sa, to get punished.
k'na ti'kam, to be stabbed.
k'na-kan, to apply, put on (as
clothes, plasters or anything
externally applied).

k-nal' (62), m-rg-naV, -i, to
know a person, be acquainted
with, recognise. Cf.
k-na'Igu, an acquaintance, a
person with whom one is ac-
k-nan', ber-k-nan', pleased, satis-
lied, satisfactory, agreeable.
per-k-nan'kan, to satisfy, please
(a person),
k-naig', in-vj-nanj, -kan, to call
to mind, recall, remember.
Cf. irgat.
k-na'pa, why? see apo.
kn-chaig', stretched tight, stiff.
Cf. trek,
a'rgin kn-charg', a stiff breeze.
kn'chii£, to urinate,
kn'dak, a concubine, paramour,
kn-da'ra, m-iyn-da'ra, -i, to ride
on a horse or other animal.
.Cf. naik and turggarg.
kn-da'ra'an, mount, riding
horse or other animal. Of-
ten misspelt k'indra'an; see
in dm.
kn'di (Sk.), a small earthenware
jar for carrying water in.
kndiri, see diri.
kn'dur, slack (of ropes, etc.).
kn'dur-kan, to slack up, lower
away (ropes),
knduri, see kanduri.
k-niig', the brow.
bu'lu k-nirg', the eyebrows,
k-ni'sah (Ar.), church, syna-
gogue; usually greja.
kn-iyaig', satiated, satisfied with
food. Cf. jmu and pvas.
kn-ryarg'kan, to satiate,
kn'tal, thick, glutinous (of
fluids) ; as opposed to cha'ir,
q.v. Cf. pkat.
kn'taig, potato,
kn'tut, to break wind,
ko'bis, cabbage.
ko'chak, ber-ko'chak, to be in a
state of agitation (of fluids
or of the mind). Cf. kachau.
ko'chek, pocket,
ko'di, a score.
ko'dok, a frog, a toad. Cf.
ko'doig, maimed,
kok', a yoke,
ko'koh, firm, steady,
ko'lam (Sk.), lake, pond. Cf.
danau and tasek.
ko'lek, the Malay canoe, propel-
led by paddles and sails and
carrying one or more men.
kom'ba, bu'rorg kom'ba (B.),
ko'meig, undeveloped, dwarfed.
kom'pa-ni, the old East India
Company, hence the local
Government in the Straits.
koig'si (Chin.), a society, as-
sociation, company. Cf.
jma'ah and skutu.
ko'nun, it is said, it is reported;
probably, possibly.
ko'pek, to pull off, pick off in
ko'pi, coffee.
ko-pi'ah, cap. Cf. chpiau and
ko'r'an' (Ar.), the Koran, the
sacred book of the Moham-
kor'ban (Ar.), offering, sacrifice,

, 67
Jco'rek, m-igo'rek, to scrape,
scratch or dig with a sharp
instrument. Cf. gerek.
kosoig, empty, hollow. Cf.
Inn pa and roigga.
p-rot' ko'soig, starving, famish-
ru'mah ko'soig, an uninhabited
ia'nah ko'soig, uncultivated
ko'soig-kan, to empty.
Iko'ta (Sk.), a fort, fortress, forti-
fied town. Cf. kubu and
ko'tak, compartments or di-
visions in a box or drawer.
mm'pan ko'tak, a small Chinese
boat with lockers in the stern,
iko'tor, dirty, filthy. Cf. chmar.
ko'tor-kan, to dirty, soil.
Jco'yak, m-njo'yak, -kan, to tear,
rend. Cf. charek.
ko'yan, a measure of capacity -
40 pikuls; see end of Gram-
iko'yok (B.) (Chin.), plaster
!k-pada, see k-.
k-pak', wing. Cf. sayap.
ik-pa'la (Sk.), head, chief, head-
man, top. Cf. hulu.
k-pa'la a'rgin, scatter-brained.
k-pa'la kam'porg, village head-
.k-pa'la su'rai, the heading of a
k-pa'la su'su, cream.
ban'tin/ k-pa'la, to rack one's
ba'tu k-pa'la, the crown of the
head, the cranium.
rhu'kai k-pa'la, poll-tax.
p-niig' k-pa'la, giddiness.
sa'kit k-pa'la, headache,
kpalaig, see alaig.
k-paya, but ah k-pa'ya, the pa-
paya fruit,
k-pi-a'lu, in the phrase:
(I-mam' k-pi-a'lu, continued
k-pirg', a piece; numerical co-
efficient of thin flat things
(84). Cf. krat.
k-pit', m-rg-pit', to carry under
the arm.
k-pi'tiig, a kind of crab,
k-pok', a box made of thin
material such as cardboard;
a rice bin.
k-poig', m-rg-porg', to surround,
. encompass, besiege. Cf.
k-pul', ber-k-pul-k-puV, in clouds
(as smoke),
k-ra', a long-tailed monkey,
k-ra'bu, ear ornaments of the
shape of buttons. Cf. an-
k-rah', m-rg-rah', -kan, to muster,
send orders for levies to pre-
pare or assemble for an ex-
k-rak', the burnt crust which ad-
heres to the pot or pan when
slightly overcooked.
k-rak' na'si, rice which adheres
to the pot after boiling.
k-ranT, mig-ram', to brood (of
k-ra'mat (Ar.), marvel, prodigy;
worthy of veneration; especi-
aly tombs of saints or re-
markable persons, trees, or
other natural objects, to
which votive offerings are

k-ran', a small wasp,
k-ra'na, see kerna.
k-ran'da (Sk.), coffin; also lorg.
k-raig', a shell fish, cockles,
k-ra'ni, clerk.
k-ran'jaig, a large basket, crate.
Cf. bakul.
k-ran'ji, a timber tree,
k-rap', often, frequently; also
k-rap' ka'U.
k-rar' and ka'rar (Ar), settled,
fixed, established,
k-ras', hard, stiff, severe, diffi-
k-ras' ha'ti, hard hearted.
k-ras' k-pa'la, obstinate.
k-ras' pren'tah-iya, he rules with
a'igin k-ras', a strong wind.
a'yer k-ras', spirituous liquors.
bu'ah k-ras', the candle-nut.
pu'kol k-ras', to strike hard.
k-ra'si, to force, compel. Cf.
gag alii.
k-ras'kan, to increase the sever-
ity or intensity of a thing.
k-k-ra'san, hardness, com pul-
k-rat', m-rg-rat', -kan, to cut, cut
off, amputate. Cf. pry gal.
s-k-rat', a piece, a part.
k-roftan, a piece cut off.
k-ra'waig, open work such as
carving, crochet or lace,
k-re'ta (Port.), carriage, cart.
k-re'ta a'pi, railway, tram.
k-re'ta Hoig-korg', jinrikisha.
k-re'ta le'rcig, a bicycle.
k-re'ta Im'bv, bullock cart.
k-re'ta pos', mail cart.
k-re'ta se'wa, a hackney car-
riage, gharry.
k-re'ta som'borg, express train.
k-re'ta ta'rek, hand cart.
na'ik k-re'ta, to ride in a car-
k-ri'au, to scream (Penang).
k-riig', dry.
ba'tok k-rinj', consumption.
i'kan k-rirg', dried fish. Cf.
k-k-ri'igan, dried up.
k-ris', the Malay dagger or
liu'lu k-ris', the hilt of a kris.
hu'nits k-ris', to draw the kris
from the sheath.
ma'ta k-ris', the blade of a kris-
sa'ronj k-ris', the sheath of &
krisek, see kersek.
k-ri'tiig, curly (of hair). Cf-
k-ris'ten (Eur.), Christian,
k-rig'ga, a very large red ant.
k-roh', muddy, thick, dirty (of
liquids or colours),
k-ron'choig, bangles with tink-
ling bells attached,
k-roig'koig, the throat, wind-
pipe. Cf. lehir.
k-ro'sarg, brooch,
k-ru'muti, ber-k-ru'mun, to as-
semble, come together,,
swarm, throig. Cf. himpon
and kumpol.
krusi, see karsi.
k-rut', ber-k-rut', wrinkled. Cf..
kchut and kdut.
k-sad and ka'sad (Ar.), inten-
tion, aim, object, purpose..
Cf. kahandak.
ksah, see kloh.
k'si-at (B.), advantage; see klta-
si at.

ks-tu'ri (Sk.), musk; see has- |
iuri. I
k-su ma (Sk.), a flower. |
k-tageh, craving (e.g. for |
opium). J
k-tam', a crab. Cf. kpitiry. \
k-tam', a small knife with which j
rice is harvested; a earpen- i
ter's plane. I
k-ta'paig, the Indian almond |
tree. I
k-tat', light fitting. Cf. lory- |
gar. \
k-ta'wa, to laugh; see tertawa.
k-ti' (Sk.) (33), one hundred
k-ti'ak, armpit.
k-ti'ka (Sk.), time, period, mo-
ment; also kuiika.
k-ii'ka yarg ba'ik, a favourable
pa'da k-ii'ka i'tu, at that time.
s-k-ti'ka la'ma-nja, a moment,
a short time,
k-tiig', the leg below the calf.
m-rg-Urg', to hamstring,
k-tok', m-rg-tok' (146), to knock,
rap. Cf. tpok.
hcr-k-tok', to cackle.
p-nj-tok', a knocker, mallet,
k-to'poitE, helmet. j
k-tul', a lump, a loaf. j
k-tu'pat, rice cooked in an en- J
velope of palm leaf,
ku' (13), possessive pronoun of
the first person; also used as
an abbreviation of aku when
immediately preceding a :
verb of which it is the sub-
ku-ah', gravy, sauce.
vocabulary. , 69
ku'ak, m-rgu'ak, to low, bellow
(of cattle),
ku-a'la, the mouth of a river
where it enters the sea or
flows into another river,
ku-a'li, a cooking pot or pan, of
iron or earthenware. Cf.
ku-a'sa (Sk.), power, strength,
authority, attorney. Cf
b-ri' ku-a'sa, to empower, au-
ma'ha ku-a'sa, almighty.
su'rat ku-a'sa, power of attor-
ku-at' (Ar.), strength, force,
power; stroig. Cf. kuasa.
ku-at'kan, to strengthen.
k-ku-a'tan, strength,
kuatir, see khuaiir.
ku'baig, ber-ku'baiy, a wallow;
to wallow,
ku'bu, a rampart, parapet, earth-
work, stockade, fort. Cf.
benterg and kota.
ku'bur (Ar.), tomb, sepulchre.
ku'bw-kan, to bury, inter. Cf.
p-ku'bu-ran, cemeter}', burial
ku'chai (Chin.), garlic,
ku'chiig, cat.
kn'chirg blan'da, rabbit.
ku'chiry hu'tan, wild cat.
a'nak ku'chiry, kitten,
ku'chup, a kiss; also kchup. Cf.
ku'da, a horse; the trusses sup-
porting a roof; one of the
pieces in the game of chess;
see chatur.
ku'da ja-hat', a vicious horse.

ku'da k-chiV, pony.
ku-da-ku'da, tressles.
ku'da p-na'kot, a timid horse.
barg'sal ku'da, stable.
b-si' ku'da, horse shoes.
na'ik ku'da, to ride 011 horse-
pa'kai-an ku'da, harness.
tuiy'gaig ku'da, to ride on
ku'dis, mange,
kudoig, see kodoig.
ku'd-rat (Ar.), might, power;
generally used of God. Cf.
kudus (Ar.), holy. Cf. al~
ku'dus-kan, to consecrate,
ku-eh', cakes, confectionery, pud-
kui' (B.) (Clrin.), to kneel,
ku-is', to kick aside, move with
the foot,
ku'jut, m-rgu'jut, to strangle,
ku'ki (Eng.), cook. Cf. masak.
ku'koh, firm, steady.
ku'koh-kan, to fortify,
ku'kok, the crowing of a cock.
ber-ku'kok, to crow,
ku'ku, finger-nail, toe-nail, claw,
ku'kus, to steam,
ku'lai, hanging loose like a bro-
ken arm.
ku'lat, mushroom, fungus. Cf.
ku'Ii, labourer, cooly.
ku'li po' (B.), female servant.
ku'Iit, skin, leather, bark, shell.
ku'Iit ka'yu, the bark of a tree.
ku'Iit ma'nis, cinnamon,
ku'Ht t-lor', eggshell.
ku'li-ti, to skin, flay. Cf. ku-
ku'Iom, to suck or move about iii
the mouth (as lozenges or
ku'lop (Ar.), foreskin; un-
Kul'zum (Ar.), in the phrase:
Ja'ut Kul'zum, the Red Sea.
ku'man, a small parasitic insect..
kum'baig, a beetle, humble bee.
ku'mis (Jav.), moustache. CL
ku'mor, ber-ku'mor, to rinse the-
kum'pol, m-iyum'pol, -kan, to-
gather together, collect. Cf..
himpon and krumun.
bcr-kum'pol, to assemble, meet,.
pcv-kum'po-lan, assembly,,
kun'chi (Sk.), lock, key.
kun'chi maig'ga, padlock.
a'nak kun'chi, key.
i'bu kun'chi, lock.
ju-ru-kun'chi, steward.
lo'baiy kun'chi, keyhole.
ter-kun'chi, locked.
kun'chi-kan, to lock,
kun'chop, shut up, folded upr
not 3*et opened (of flowers
and buds). Cf. kmbarg.
kun'dai, chignon, the hair of the
head twisted into a knob at
the back,
ku'niig, yellow,
kun'iyit, saffron.
b-ras' kun'njit, rice stained with
kun'iyofg, in the form:
s-kun'njorg-kun'njorg, suddenly,,

kun'tau (Chin.), boxing,
kun'tum or ku tum, a bud;
numerical coefficient of flow-
ers (84).
kunun, see konun.
ku'paig, a measure of weight for
gold; (Penang) a coin =10
ku'parg, a kind of shellfish, a
ku'pas, m-ryu'pas, to peel, skin
(fruits or animals). Cf.
ku'pitg (Jav.), ear; usually t-
ku-pu-ku pu, butterfly.
kuTa, the spleen.
d-mant' ku'ra, intermittent
ku-ra-kuTa, tortoise.
ku-ra-ku'ra ka'ki, the instep,
kur'an, see Icor'an,
ku'raig (39, 90), less, lacking,
.ku'rarxj 'a'dat, ill-mannered,
ku'ratg a'jar, ill-mannered,
ku'raig 'a'kal, stupid, idiotic.
ku'rarg ba'ik, inferior, bad.
ku'ranj b-ha'sa, impolite.
ku'raig bi-a'sa, unaccustomed.
ku'rarg hor'mat, disrespectful.
ku'rarg ja'ga, careless.
ku'rarg ku-at', too weak, not
strong enough.
ku'rarg per-cha'ya, suspicious.
ku'rarg p-rek'sa, I don't know.
ku'rarg ta'jam, blunt.
s-ku-rarg-ku'raig, at least.
lcu'rarg-kan, to reduce, di-
k-ku-ra'rgan, lacking, in want
of; want, deficiency.
ku'rap, ringworm.
kurban, see korban.
kurma, see khurma.
kur'ni-a (Sk.) (149), favour,
grace, a gift from God or a
king. Cf. anugrah.
kur'ni-a-kan, to give (as a king
or God),
ku'roig, m-rgu'rorg, an enclosure,
enclosed place, cabin, prison;
to enclose, imprison.
ku-ro'iyan, a prison, cage. Cf.
kursaig, see krosaiy.
kur'si or k-ru'si (Ar.), a chair,
throne. Cf. takhta.
ku'rus, thin, lean,
ku'sa (Sk.), a goad,
ku'sin (Chin.), plant louse,
kus'ta (Sk.), leprosy,
ku'sut, tangled, in disorder, in
kutika, see ktika.
ku'tip, m-ryu'tip, to pick up,
gather up.
ku'tok, m-ixju'tok, -kan, -i, a
curse; to curse,
kutom, see kuntom.
ku'tu, a louse.
ku'tu an'jirg, a flea.
ku'tu bu'sok, a bed-bug.
ku'tu Im'bu, a tick,
ku'yop, ba'sah ku'yop, wringing
la'ba (Sk.), gain, profit.
Ia-ba-la'ba, spider,
la'boh, m-la'boh, -kan, to haig
down, let down (as clothes,
curtains, nets, anchors, etc.).

ber-la'boh, to anchor.
la'bo-han, anchorage,
la'bu, pumpkin, gourd,
la'bur, in its derivative:
p-la'bur, rations, supplies serv-
ed out.
la'chi (D.), a drawer = (B.),
la'da, pepper.
la'da me'rah, red pepper, cayen-
ne pepper. Cf. chabai.
la'da puteh, white pepper.
la'da chi'na, the chili, red pep-
per. Cf. chabai.
la'daig, cultivated fields, dry
rice fields, as opposed to sa-
wah, q.v. Cf. bndarg and
hum a.
la'ga, ber-la'ga, to collide, strike
together (of large bodies, as
animals fighting),
la'gam, a horse's bit. Cf. katy.
la'gi (40, 89), more, still, yet,
la'gi hi'dop, still alive.
la'gi s-ka'li, once more.
a'pa la'gi, what else, how much
the more.
b-lum' la'gi, not yet.
b-ralpa la'gi, how many more.
s-la'gi, as long as, while.
s-dikit la'gi, a little more,
la'gu, tune.
lah' (3 b), an expletive suffix
which is usually joined to
the verb or some emphatic
word in a sentence,
la'hir (Ar. tla'hir), visible, out-
ward, exoteric; as opposed to
batin, inward,
lai, numeral coefficient of thin or
flat objects; also Mai.
la'in, other, different; exclusive
of; difference.
m-la'in-kan, but, on the con-
trary, on the- other hand.
Cf. harya.
bcr-la'in-an, diverse, differing
la'jak, go forward, push ahead
(as a boat),
la'ju, rapid, moving swiftly (as
boats, carriages, etc.). Cf.
la'ki, husband.
la'ki bi'ni, husband and wife.
la-ki-la'ki (87), male, mascu-
line (B.) dlaki. Cf. jan-
ber-la'ki, having a husband
married (of women).
ber-la'ki-kan, to marry, be mar-
ried to (of women),
lak'sa (Sk.) (33), ten thousand,
lak-sa-ma'na (Sk.), admiral,
lak-sa'na (Sk.), like, resembling,
la'ku, ber-la'ku, action, conduct,
style, manner of doing a
thing; to take place, happen,
occur, pass current, sell
s-la'ku i'ni, in this manner,
la'ku-kan, to bring to pass, exe-
cute, carry out.
la'ku-kan di'ri, to behave one-
self, comport oneself, act.
k-la'ku-an, behaviour, action,
la'lai, a state of semi-conscious-
ness ; hence, listless, careless,
ier-la'lai, in a semi-conscious
la'lai-kan, to neglect, dis-
la'larg, a very coarse grass.
la'lu la'larg, to pass and repass.
la'Iat, the common house-fly.
ta'hi la'Iat, moles, freckles.

la'lu, to pass, be past; past, ago,
after that, then (138).
la'lu la'larg, to pass and repass..
a!da ti'ga ha'ri la'lu, three days
ber-ja'lan la'lu, to pass by.
pu'kol ti'ga la'lu, past three
s-la'lu, always.
ta'hun la'lu, last year.
ter-la'lu, very, extremely.
la'lu-i, to pass by a thing, go
past, overlook, disregard,
la'ma, long (of time), length of
time, duration, old, former,
ancient. Cf. tua.
I a-ma-la'ma, la'ma k-la'ma'an,
after some time, finally.
la'ma su'dah, a long time ago.
bi'ni la'ma, a former wife.
b-ra'pa la'ma, how long?
pa'kai-an la'ma, old clothes,
.s-la'ma, as long as. while.
s-la-ma-la'ma-rya, for ever.
s-ta'hun la'ma-rya, for a year,
a year's duration,
lam'bai, m-lam'bai, -kan, to
lam'bai-kan ta'rgan, to make a
sign by waving the hand.
Of. isharat.
lam'bat, slow, tardy, dilatory,
late, too late. Cf. lergah
and leivat.
lam'bat-lcan, to retard,
lam'boig, side, flank,
lam'boig, m-lam'borg, to toss in
the air, bound up and down.
1am in, see plamin.
lam'pau, m-lam'pau, exceeding,
beyond, excessive; to exceed,
go beyond.
ier-lam'pau, excessively, too
much, very (B.) ter-lam-
lam'pin, swaddling-clothes; also
kain lampin.
lam'poig, light, bulky for its
weight (of wood),
lam'pu (Eng.), lamp. Cf. plita.
la'miin, in case, in the event of,
la'mun ja'rgan, for fear that,
I'a'nat (Ar.), curse, imprecation,
damnation. Cf. sumpah and
Ya'nat-kan, to curse,
lan'char, rapid, fluent (especial-
ly of speech). Cf. paseh.
ba'cha lan'char, to read fluently,
lan'choig, false, counterfeit,
lan'dak, the porcupine.
bu'lu lan'dak, the quills of the
porcupine; when removed
from the animal they are
known as duri landak.
lan'das, in its derived form:
lan'da-san, an anvil,
laig', a generic name for birds of
the hawk tribe,
la'igau, a large horsefly. Cf.
laig'gaig, iurg'garg larg'garg, hel-
ter-skelter, head over heels,
laig'gar, m-laig'gar, to attack,
assail, assault, contend
against, violate a command.
Cf. lawan.
laig'gar 'a'dat, to violate a cus-
larg'gar b-ha'sa, to transgress
the rules of etiquette.
laig'gar hu'kum, to violate the
la'igir, m-la'rgir, -i, cosmetics
used in bathing; to use such
' cosmetics in bathing.

la'igit, the sky, heavens.
la-rgit-la'rgii, ceiling, the roof
of the mouth.
ka'ki la'rgit, the horizon,
laig'kah, m-larg'kah, -i, a pace,
a step; to step, step over,
laig'kan (B.) (Chin.), open
space round the chimche".
laigkap, see Irgkap.
laig'sat, the name of an edible
laig'si, door curtains, portiere,
laig'soig, outright, for good and
allalso sometimes = lalu,
especially in Pcnang and
lan'jur, t-lan'jur, lengthy, pro-
tracted; (B.) tlan'ju, during,
ka'ta su'dah t-lan'jur, the
murder's out."
lan'jut, long (of time or of a
story), of loig duration, pro-
tracted. Cf. lama and pan-
Ian'jui-kan, to prolong,
lan'tai. floor, also the laths
(usually of the niborg palm)
of which Malavs make their
pa'pan lan'tai, floor boards,
lan'tak, m-lan'tak, to drive in,
p-ian'tak, ramiod.
lan'tas (Jav.), thereupon, then
= Malay lain..
lan'tek, m-lan'tek, to install, in-
vest, inaugurate (princes and
high officials),
la'iyak, m-la'njak, to trample,
tread down,
lap', lap'lean, to absorb.
ker'tas lap', blotting paper.
la'pah, to flay.
lapan, see dlapan.
la'paxg, broad, extensive, spaci-
ous, wide. Cf. lebar and
la'par, ber-la'par, hunger; to ho
k-la'pa-ran, famine,
la'pe" (B.) (Chin.), balcony-
open to the sky.
la'pts, fold, layer (84).
ba'ju du'a la'pis, two coats
worn one over the other.
pin'tit tu'joh la'pis, seven doors
or gates in succession.
. la'pok, mould, mildew,
la'raig, m-la'raig, -kan, to forbid,
prohibit. Cf. tgah and pan-
la-ra'iyan, contraband, that
which is tabooed or prohibit-
la'ras, barrel of a gun.
la'rat, m-la'rat, to spread, ex-,
tend; to drift (of clouds,
ships when their anchors
drag, etc.).
la'rek, to turn on a lathe..
p-la'rek, lathe,
la'ri, ber-la'ri, to run, run away,
flee, escape.
ba'ica la'ri, to run away with.
la'ri-kan, to cause to run, run
away with, run off with,
p-la'ri, fugitive, runaway.
p-la'ri-an, escape,
lash'kar (Pers.), soldier, army;
sailor. Cf. soldado and kha-
la'ta (Sk.), m-la'ta, to creep,
crawl (of plants and an-

, 75
la'tah, a nervous affection, the
symptoms of which are some-
what similar to the effects of
ta"uk, the food which is eaten
with rice whether meat, fish
or vegetables.
Ia"ut, the' sea.
la"ut a'pi, hell.
ba'rat la"ut, north-west.
ti'mor la"ut, north-east.
m-la"ut, to go out to sea (as
river fish).
la"u-tan, the ocean,
la'wan, ber-la'wan, adversary,
rival; to contend, strive,
compete. Cf. laiygar.
m-la'tvan, to oppose, resist,
withstand; opposed t o,
la'wat, m-la'wat, to visit,
la'yak (Ar.), worthy, fit, proper.
la'yan, m-la'yan, -i, to serve,
wait upon, minister to.
p-la'yan, a servant.
fa'yatg, m-la'yarg, to soar, hover.
la-yarg-la'yarg, a kite.
ber-ma'in la-yarg-la'yarg, to fly
a kite.
bu'rorg la-yarg-la'yaiy, a swal-
m-rgan'jorg la-yarg-la'yaiy, to
throw a kite up in the air.
la'yarg-kan su'rat, a poetic ex-
pression for sending a letter.
la'yer, a sail.
ba'ka la'yer, to set a sail.
i'kat la'yer, to furl sail.
b-la'yer (98), to sail, set sail,
start on a voyage.
la'yerJcan, to sail (a vessel).
p-la'ye-ran, voyage,
la'yu, withered; to wither, fade.
la'zat (Ar.), pleasure, delight,,
enjoyment (of a sensual
kind) ; pleasant to the senses.,
la'zim (Ar.), indispensable;
hence, in common use, com-
mon; also kla'ziman.
l'bah, bee.
sa'rarg I'bah, honey-comb, a
bee's nest,
l-bai', a mosque attendant,
l-bam', discoloured, as the result
of a bruise.
bi'ru l-bam', black and blue,
l-bat', thick, dense, heavy (as
foliage, insects or rain).. Cf.
ren clary.
I'beh (89), more, more than; sur-
plus. Cf. lagi.
I'beh d-hu'lu, previously.
I'beh ku'rary, more or less. Cf.
s-l-beh-l'beh-n/a, at the most.
ter-l'beh (93," 94), most, very.
I'beh-kan, to make more" of,
aggrandize, consider of more
k-l'be-han, excess, superiority,
l-bu', dust. Cf. dbu and habok.
I-bur', m-l-bur', to melt or fuse
metals, smelt.
k-l-bu'ran, abyss, chasm,
le'bar, wide, broad ; breadth (36,
Note). Cf. laparg and bias.
le'cheh, protracted, slow, linger-
le'chek, m-le'chek, to crush by a
grinding motion, under the
foot or in a vessel,
le'hir, neck, throat (external).
Cf. krorgkorg.
ba'taig le'hir, the neck.
ch-keic' le'hir, to throttle.
p-lok' le'hir, to embrace.
po'torg le'hir, to cut the'throat.

le'ka, dawdliig.
le'kor, a word which may be
used to form the numerals
from twentyrone to twenty-
nine. Cf. bias,
du'a le'kor, twenty-two.
s-le'kor, twenty-one.
le'la, a swivel-gun.
le'leh, m-le'leh, to flow, run (as
liquids). Cf. linarg andalir.
le'loig (Port.), auction.
le'loiy-kan, to sell by auction,
lem'bak, m-lem'bak, overflow-
ing; to overflow,
lem'pah, m-Iem'pah, abounding,
abundant, plentiful; t o
Jem'pah-kan, to give liberally,
k-lein'pa-han, abundance,
lem'par, m-lem'par, to throw,
fling. Cf. lontar.
le'na, deep, sound (of sleep).
Cf. llap and lyadar.
le'igah, m-le'rgah, indolent; to
loiter, delay. Cf. lambat.
lerg'korg, m-lery'koiy, to encircle,
leig'kar, m-lerg'kar, a coil (of
rope or a snake); to coil,
le'raig, s-le'rarg, in one width (of
savorgs) as opposed to kam-
poh, q.v.
le'reig, kre'ia le'rerg, a bicycle,
le'tir, b-le'tir, to babble, chatter,
le'wat (Jav.), past = lalu; too
li'aig, a hole; usually lobarg.
li'ar, wild (of animals) as op-
posed to tame; cf. bvas,
which means wild in the
sense of ferocious.
li'at, tough, pl&6tic, supple.
ta'nah li'at, clay,
li'chin, smooth, slippery.
ba'tu Wchin, pebbles,
li'dah, the tongue; pronuncia-
li'dah a'pi, flames.
a'nak li dah, the uvula.
pa'seh li'dah, eloquent.
pi'tah li'dah, eloquent,
li'dal (Port.), a thimble; also
li'dl, the midrib of a leaf of the
coco-nut palm,
li'hat, m-li'hat, (149), to look,
see, perceive. Cf. pandarg,
tcrgok and nampak.
li'ha-ti, to look at, view.
k-li-ha'ian, it was seen, there
was seen (impers.).
prg-li'ha-tan, the sense of sight ;
a vision, a thing seen,
li'lin, wax; a candle,
li'lit, m-li'Ut, to twine, entwine
(as a creeper). Cf. blit.
li ma, Jive. (For derived forms
see ampat).
li'ma wak'tu, the five stated
periods of prayers; see waktu.
prglima, see prglima.
li'mau, the generic name for
oranges, limes and similar
fruits. Cf. jrok.
li'mau b-sar' and li'mau jam-
bu'a, the pumelo.
li'mau ma'nis, the orange.
li'mau ni'pis, the lime,
li'naig, ber-H'naiy, flowing; to
flow (of tears). Cf. leleh
and alir.
lin'doig, m-Un'dorg, -kan, to
shelter, cover, screen, pro-
ber-lin'doiy, sheltered, shelter-
ing oneself.

per-iiu'do-rr/an, shelter, that
which affords a covering;
privy, latrine,
lin'taig, m-liu'targ, across, trans-
verse; to go across, traverse,
pass over. Cf. linlas and
lin'tary pu'karg, higgledy-pig-
ka'yu lin'targ, cross-bar. Cf.
lin'tas, m-lin'tas, to pass through,
cross, penetrate (through a
tract of country, or of wea-
pons through the body). Cf.
li'or, a'yer War, saliva,
li'pan, a large centipede = hlipan.
li'pas, cockroach,
li'pat, m-li'pat, a fold; to fold,
double, turn down. Cf.
li'pat lu'tut, to bend the knees.
ber-li'pat, folded,
li'put, m-K'put, to encompass,
l-kak, l-kak-l-kok', full of cavi-
ties, uneven, undulating,
l-kap', m-l-kap', to adhere (of
flat surfaces),
l-kas', quick, rapid; quickly, im-
mediately. Cf. bargat, dras,
laju and pantas.
l-kas'kan, to hasten, expedite,
l-kat', m-l-kat' (149), to stick,
adhere; to be fixed upon (of
the eyes).
l-kat'kan, to cause to adhere,
affix. Cf. kna and tampal,
l-kok', dent, indentation, hollow,
cavity; dented, depressed,
stove in.
l-kak-l-kok', full of cavities,
uneven, undulating.
I'lah, labour, exertion, exhaus-
tion, fatigue; weary, exhaust-
ed, tired. Cf. Iteh and pnat.
ber-hen'ti-kan I'lah, to rest
after fatigue.
ber-l'lah, to exert oneself,
l-lap', deep, sound (of sleep)..
Cf. lyadar and lena.
ti'dor l-lap', to sleep heavily.
I'mah, weak, powerless, deficient
of strength. Cf. Iteh.
I'mah Im'bot, gentle, mild,
k-l'ma-han, weakness, debility-
1-mak', suet, animal fat. Cf-
1-ma'ri, wardrobe = almari.
(-mas', smothered, suffocated.
ma'ti l-mas', to die of suffo-
cation or drowning.
l-mas'kan, to smother, suffo-
Im-ba'ga, form, bodily shape, tbe-
material as distinguished
from the spiritual.
Im'bah, a valley, a depression.
Im'bap, moist, damp.
Im'bar, a strand, thread.
Im'bek, soft, flabby, yielding to
the touch. Cf. liiiboi.
lm'biig, a spear, lighter than
the tombak. Cf. sligi.
Im'bot, soft, pliant, gentle, ten-
der. Cf. Imbek.
I'mah Im'bot, gentle, mild,
Im'bot-kan, to soften, appease-
Im'bu, the ox. Cf. sapi.
Im'bu b-ti'na, cow.
Im'bu jan'tan, bull.
a'nak Im'bu, calf.
Im'poh, paralyzed. Cf. lepok.

Jn'dir, slimy; slime, phlegm,
j'rgan, the arm. Cf. taigan.
Jrg'kap, equipped, fitted out,
supplied or furnished with a
necessary outfit.
s-lig'kap, a complete outfit.
bcr-hg kap, to prepare oneself,
hold oneself in readiness.
hg'kap-kan, to fit out, equip,
k-hg-ka'pan, equipment, expe-
dition, fleet.
Irg-ki'avg, a barn, granary for
lig'kat (B.), to stick = Ikat.
lig'koig, an arch, dome, semi-
3n-iyap\ to disappear, vanish.
In-njap'kan, to cause to disap-
pear, make away with.
In'taig, i-ln'taig, lying on the
In'tur, pliable, flexible,
lo'ba (Sk.), c-oveteousness, cupid-
ity. Cf. tnia.
lo'bak, Chinese radish,
lo'baig, a hole. Cf. liaig.
lo'baig hi'dorg, the nostrils.
to'barg ja'rom, the eye of a
lo'barg kun'chi, keyhole.
ber-lo'barg, perforated, having
holes in it.
lobok, see lubok.
lo'cheig (Chin.), a bell. Cf.
"loh' (Ar.), slate; also papan loh.
lo'kan, a shell-fish,
lo'kek, mean, stingy.
Jlom'borg, a surface mine, placer
lom'pat, m-lom'pat, to jump,
leap, spring, bound.
lom'pa-ti, to jump on.
lon'chat, m-lon'chat, to jump (as
fish), hop (as birds),
loig', coffin.
loig'gar, loose, slack, loose fit-
loig'gok, a heap, pile. Cf. tom-
loig'kaig, drain, sewer.
lon'tar, m-lon'tar, -kan, to throw,
fling. Cf. lempar.
lo'roig, a street, lane, alley. Cf.
losin, see dusin.
lotar, see lontar.
lo'teig (Chin.), upper story; up-
stairs. Cf. iirgkat.
lo'toig, a kind of monkey,
lo'yar (Eng.), lawyer.
Jpa, see alpa.
l-pas', free, disengaged, let loose,
released, acquitted, exempt;
after, on the conclusion or
expiration of some event.
Cf. Inchut.
l-pas' de-ri-pa'da hu'targ, free
from debt.
l-pas' ma'kan, after eating.
l-pas' sa'tu sa!tu, one thing
after another.
l-pas' ti'ga ha'ri, after three
s'o'ratg l-pas' s'o'rarg, one after
ber-l-pas', to escape.
l-pas'kan, to set free, deliver,
release, let go.
k-l-pa'san, deliverance,
l-siig' (B.), a sling = ali-alL

, 79
l-sovg', a mortar in which rice
is poundecl in order to re-
move the husk. Cf. an tan.
1-tak', m-l-tak', -kan, to put
down, lay down; to "lay down
or prescribe laws or com-
mands; to impose penalties.
Of. buboh and taroh.
ter-l-tak', laid down, placed,
1-teh', weak, feeble, infirm, lan-
guid. Cf. hnah.
1-top', m-l-top' (103), to explode,
Iu' (Chin.) (10), you; used only
in addressing Chinese,
lu'ar, out, outside, external.
de'ri lu'ar, from outside.
  • k-lu'ar, to the exterior, out; to
    go out, come out, issue (49,
    k-lu'ar-kan, to send oiit, put
    out, put forth (as fruit),
    expel, publish (books).
    k-lu'a-ri, to go out to meet.
    k-lu'a-ran, extraneous, foreign,
    lu'as, extensive, vast, spacious.
    Cf. lebar and laparg.
    lu'as-kan, to extend, enlarge.
    k-lu'a-san, wide extent, range,
    latitude, freedom,
    lu'bok, a pool, a deep place in a
    river or in the sea; also
    lob ok.
    lu'chut, escaped, liberated, dis-
    engaged, unfastened,
    lu'dah, ber-lu'dah, saliva, spittle;
    to spit.
    Ju'da-hi, to spit at, spit upon.
    p-lu'da-han, spittoon,
    .lu'ka, wound; wounded.
    k'na lu'ka, to receive a wound.
    ht'ka-kan, to wound,
    lu'kah, a fish trap in the form
    of a basket,
    lu'kis, m-lu'ki$, to engrave,
    lu'loh, pulverised. Cf. him at.
    lu'Ius, admitted, allowed, con-
    ceded, complied with.
    lu'lvs-kan, to comply with,
    grant, permit,
    lu'mat, pulverised. Cf. luloh
    and serbok.
    lum'ba, bcr-lum'ba, to compete,
    vie with, race. Cf. lawan.
    lum'ba ku-'da, horse race,
    lu'mor, smeared, daubed,
    lumpoh, see Impoh.
    lum'pur, mud. Cf. bechak.
    lu'mut, moss, mould, fungus,
    lu'mut ka'rarg, sponge,
    lu'nas, keel,
    luiggu, see blurggu.
    lunjur, see vnjttr.
    lu'pa, m-Iu'pa, -kan (148), to
    In'put, to escape, slip away from.
    Cf. luchut.
    lu'roh, to fall (of dead leaves,
    ripe fruit, hair, etc.). Cf.
    s-luroh, 6ee sluroh.
    lu'rus, straight, true, sincere.
    Cf. btuh
    lu'rus-kan, to straighten.
    lu'sa, the day after to-morrow.
    Cf. tulat.
    lutar, = loniar, q.v.
    lu'tut, the knee.
    li'pat lu'tut, to bend the knee.
    ber-hi'tut, to kneel. Cf. tlut.

    ma"af (Ar.), pardon, forgive-
    ness. Also pronounced ma-
    hap. Cf. ampun.
    minta ma"af, to ask pardon.
    ma"af-kan, to pardon, forgive,
    ma'bok, intoxicated, stupified,
    ma'bok da'rah, faint through
    loss of blood.
    ma'bok la'ut, sea-sick,
    ma'cham, kind, sort, method,
    manner. Cf. bagai and
    ma'cham-ma'cham, of various
    kinds, all sorts.
    a'pa ma'cham (18, 19), what
    kind of?
    ma'dam (Eur.), a lady,
    ma'dat, opium prepared for
    smoking. Cf. apiun and
    ch andu.
    hi'sap ma'dat, to smoke opium,
    madh'hab (Ar.), sect; usually
    ma'du (Sk.), honey.
    a'yer ma'du, honey.
    in'dok ma'du, honey-comb,
    maf-hum' (Ar.), understood;
    usually mfaham.
    magh'rib (Ar.), the sun-setting,
    the West; usualty barat.
    ma'ha (Sk.), great, in the follow-
    ing expressions:
    ma'ha b-sar', very great.
    ma'ha ku-a'sa, almighty.
    ma'ha mu-li'a, most excellent.
    ma'ha mu'rah, most gracious.
    ma'ha-ra'ja, a great prince.
    ma'ha tirg'gi, most high,
    ma-hal', dear, high priced, diffi-
    cult to obtain.
    her'ga ma-haV, a high price.
    ma-ha-li'gal (Tam.), palace;
    also maligai.
    ma'hap, to forgive, see ma'af.
    ma'hir (Ar.), skilful, expert,
    mah-ka'mah (Ar.), court of jus-
    tice, tribunal,
    mai'dan (Ar., arena), battlefield,
    ma'in, ber-ma'in, to play, amuse
    oneself, jest; to play musical
    instruments; game, amuse-
    ma'in cha'iur, to play chess.
    ma'in ga'sirg, to play tops.
    ma'in gi'la, to play the fool.
    ma'in ju'di, to gamble.
    ma'in ma'ta, to make eyes at a.
    ma'in su'lirg, to play the flute.
    ma'in wa'yarg, to act in a play.
    per-ma'i-nan, a game, sport,,
    ma'j-lis' (Ar.), session, audience,.
    assembly, council,
    ma'ju (Jav.), to go forward, pro-
    ma'jus (Ar.), magian, fire wor-
    mak', mother; also ihu.
    mak'-ba'pa, parents.
    mak' mu'da, and mak' sau-
    da'ra, aunt.
    male' ti'ri, step-mother,
    ma'ka (133), a punctuation:
    ma'kam (Ar.), a grave,
    ma'kan, m-ma'kan, to eat, con-
    sume, corrode, absorb.
    ma'kan a'rgin, to go for an air-
    ing or pleasure excursion.
    ma'kan chan'du, to take opium,.
    smoke opium.
    ma'kan da'lam, to penetrate
    (as rust, acids or sharp

    , 81
    ma'kan ga'ji, to receive a sa-
    lary, work for wages.
    ma'kan hak' o'rarg, to rob a
    person of his rights, do an
    ma'kan mi'num, to eat and
    ma'kan na'si, to take a meal.
    ma'kan pa'gi, breakfast.
    ma'kan ra'chun, to take poison,
    be poisoned.
    ma'kan ro'kok, to smoke the
    native cigarette.
    ma'kan s-hi-da'rgan, to eat to-
    ma'kan su-ap', to take a bribe.
    ma'kan sum'pah, to break one's
    oath, perjure oneself.
    b-ri' ma'kan, to feed.
    cha'ri ma'kan, to get a living.
    di-ma'kari a'pi, consumed by
    ha'bis ma'kan, after eating.
    ma'ka-nan, food,
    makh'lok (Ar.), creature, cre-
    ated being. Cf. jadi.
    maki, m-ma'ki, abuse, scolding,
    vituperation; to abuse, revile,
    call names. Cf. nista.
    ma'kin (95), more, the more.
    Cf. margkin and mirgkin.
    ma'kin.. ma'kin.., the more..
    the more..
    s-ma'kin, by so much the more,
    ma-ko'ta (Sk.), crown,
    mak'sad (Ar.), aim, object, pur-
    pose ; sense, meaning. Cf.
    hndak and mau.
    ma'lam, night; the Malays reck-
    on the day to begin at 6 p.m.,
    so the night belongs to the
    following day, and therefore
    malgm ahad is Saturday
    night, not Sunday night.
    ma'lam ha'ri, night time.
    ma'lam s-ka'rarg, ma'lam i'ni
    or ma'lam da'targ, to-night.
    ma'lam ta'di, last night.
    ja'uh ma'lam, late at night.
    s-ma'lam, last night.
    si-arg' ma'lam, day and night.
    i'rgah ma'lam, midnight.
    ber-ma'lam, to pass the night,
    ma'laig, unfortunate, wretched..
    un'torg yaig ma'latg, bad for-
    o'rarg ma'larg, a wretched fel-
    k-ma' la-igan, misfortune.
    ma'Ias, lazy, idle.
    Malayu, see Mlayu.
    ma-li'gai (Tarn.), palace; usual-
    ly istana.
    m'a'Iim (Ar.), teacher, instruc-
    tor, pilot, guide, mate on a
    ma'lu, shame, disgrace; ashamed,
    bashful, modest.
    b-ri' ma'lu, to cause shame or
    disgrace to a person.
    k'na ma'lu, to be disgraced.
    k-ma'lu-an, shame, disgrace;
    the private parts,
    m'a'lum (Ar.), known, notorious.
    b-ri' m'a'lum, to make known.
    m'a'lum-kan, to inform, make
    known. Cf. bri tahu.
    ma'mah, to chew, masticate. Cf.
    ma'mak, uncle, aunt,
    ma-man'da, a polite form of
    mam'baig, certain supernatural
    beings, spirits,
    mam'pus, dead: usually mati.
    m'a'mur (Ar.), populous,'thick-
    ly' inhabited.

    tn'a'na (At\), sense, meaning,
    signification; (B.) a para-
    ble, allegory = bias. Cf. arti.
    ma'na (18, 19), where? which?
    also (as an abbreviation of
    byimana) how?
    ma'na bo'leh, how it is pos-
    sible ?
    , ma na stt'ka, whichever vou
    ba'ratg di ma'na, wherever.
    ba'raiy k-ina'na, whithersoever.
    b-gi-ma'na, how? in what way?
    de-H-ma'na, whence?
    di ma'na, where?
    di ma-na-ma'na, everywhere.
    k-ma'na, whither?
    o'rarg ma'na, which man?
    ma'na-kan, an abbreviation of
    bgimana akan, how will?
    how can? how could?
    man-dar'sah (Ar. madrasah,
    school), a village mosque;
    koran school; also bandarsah.
    Cf. surau.
    man'di, to bathe, take a bath.
    a'yer man'di, bathing water.
    tm'pat man'di, bathroom.
    man'di-kan, to bathe a person,
    give a person a bath,
    man'dul, barren,
    man'dur (Port.), an overseer,
    ma-nek-ma'nek, beads,
    maig'ga, the mango.
    kun'chi marg'ga, a padlock,
    maig'gis, the mangusteen.
    marg kat, dead; to die (of kings
    and princes),
    margkin = makin, q.v.
    marg'kok, cup, bowl, basin. Cf.
    chawan and bokor.
    marg'ku-bu'mi, prime minister.
    Cf. mntri and pargku.
    maig'sa (Sk.), prey,
    ma-ni'kam (Tam.), precious
    stones, rubies, carbuncles,
    ma'nis, sweet, gentle, soft, ami-
    hi'tam ma'nis, brown.
    ja'ri ma'nis, the fourth finger.
    ka'yn ma'nis cinnamon.
    kn lit ma'nis, cinnamon.
    li'mau ma'nis, orange.
    ma'ni-san, sweets, sweetmeats,
    man'ja, man'ja-kan, spoilt; to
    spoil, indulge (a person),
    man'sukh (Ar.), abrogated,
    ma-nu-si'a (Sk.), mankind, man
    as distinguished from other
    beings, the human race. Cf.
    nia'ra (Sk.), injury, harm, mis-
    ma'ra bah'ya or mer-bah'ya,
    danger, peril,
    ma'rah and a-ma'rah, anger;
    angry. Cf. murka, gusary
    and gram.
    mar'hum (Ar.), the late, the de-
    ceased (usually of kings).
    ma'ri, hither, come, come here;
    (Penangj to come. Cf. da-
    targ and sampai.
    k-ma'ri, hither,
    markah, see merkah.
    mar'mur (Ar.), marble. Cf.
    'mas', gold.
    'mas' kali'win, dowry. r
    'mas' lan'chorg, spurious gold.
    'mas' u'rai, gold dust.
    a'yer 'mas', gilding.
    ker'tas 'mas', gold leaf.
    'ma'si, to bribe.
    k'ma'san, gilt. ' *

    ka'in k'ma'san, material em-
    broidered or woven with gold,
    ima'sa, usually ma'sa-kan, how
    can it be ? how could it be ?
    ima'sa (Sk.), time, period, epoch.
    , Cf. icaktu and zman.
    tennasa, see termasa.
    rna-sa'i'lah (Ar.), question, pro-
    ma'sak, ripe, cooked; to cook
    (86), smelt. Cf. tanak.
    b-liini' ma'sak, unripe.
    ju-ra-ma'sak, cook,
    ma'sam, acid, sour; also asam.
    ma'sain mu'ka, scowling, frown-
    ing, long-faced, sour,
    ma'seh, still. Cf. lagi.
    maseh, see almaseh.
    masehi, sec msihi.
    mash'ghul (Ar.), troubled, dis-
    turbed in mind, sad.
    mash-hur' (Ar.), well-known,
    celebrated, famous.
    mash-hur'kan, to make known,
    publish, divulge,
    mash'rik (Ar.), the sunrising,
    the East; usually timor.
    mash-warat (Ar.),- ber-mash-
    iva'rat, to consult, deliberate;
    ma'si, still, yet; usually maseh.
    ma'sin, salt, saline (adj.) ; also
    asin. Cf. garam.
    ma-siig-ma'siig, each, every.
    Cf. tiap.
    Ma'sir (Ar.), Egypt,
    mas'jid (Ar.), mosque; usually
    ma'sok, m-ma'sok (49), to enter,
    go in, penetrate.
    ma'sok Is'lam, to become a Mo-
    ma'sok Kris'ten, to become a
    ma'sok mu'htt, to interrupt, in-
    ma'sok Ja'rgan, to interfere.
    ba'aa ma'sok, to take in, intro-
    bri' ma'sok, to let in, admit,
    ma-ta-ha'ri ma'sok, sunset, the
    ma'sok-kan, to put in,
    ma'sok-kan da'lam pn-ja'ra, to
    put in prison.
    ma'ta, eye; the edge of a knife.
    ma'ta a'rgin, the main points
    of the compass.
    ma'ia a'yer, spring of water.
    ma'ia ba'jak, ploughshare.
    ma'ia bn da, jewellery.
    ma'ta da'chiig, the scale of a
    ma-ta-ha'ri, the sun. 1
    ma-ta-ha'ri ma'sok, sunset. f
    ma-ta-ha'ri ter'bit, sunrise.
    ma'ia ha'ti, spiritual percep-
    ma'ta i'kan, wart.
    ma'ta ka"il, fishhook.
    ma'ta ka'in, the darker pattern
    on a saroig forming a ver-
    tical bar of colour.
    ma'ta ka'ki, ankle.
    ma'ta ka'yu, a knot in timber.
    ma'ta k-ris', the blade of a kris.
    ma'ta ku'chirg, catseye (a
    stone); an edible fruit.
    ma'ta lu'ka, the opening of a
    ma-ta-ma'ta, policeman.
    ma-ta-ma'ta g-lap', a detective.
    ma'ia p-do'man, the divisions
    on the compass card.
    ma'ta pi'sau, the blade or edge
    of a knife.
    ma'ta su'su, nipple. :.: t

    a'nak ma'ta, pupil of the eye.
    a'yer ma'ta, tears.
    bi'bir ma'ta, the e}relids.
    bi'ji ma'ta, eyeballs.
    bu'lu ma'ia, eyelashes.
    cher'min ma'ia, spectacles.
    ch-lek' ma'ta, to open the eyes.
    e'kor ma'ia, the corners of the
    k-jam' ma'ta, to close the eyes.
    k-lo'pak ma'ia, the eyelids.
    ma'in ma'ta, to make eyes at a
    p-jam' ma'ta, to close the eyes.
    pu'teh ma'ta, disappointed.
    s-ma-ta-ma'ta, altogether, en-
    sb'lah ma'ta, one eye.
    s-k-lip' ma'ta,. the twinkling of
    an eye.
    tn'taig ma'ta, right in. one's
    ma-ta-ha'ri, the sun; see mata.
    ma'ti, dead; to die; a fixture,
    fixed. Cf. mampas.
    ma'ti di-bu'noh, assassinated,
    ma'ti la'par, died of starvation.
    ma'ti l-mas', suffocated, drown-
    ma'ti pu'chok, impotent.
    a'rgin ma'ti, the wind has died
    ba'ris ma'ti, see baris.
    g-ran' ma'ti, freehold.
    her'ga ma'ti, fixed price.
    i'kat ma'ti, to tie with a knot
    that will not slip.
    ja'ri ma'ti, the middle finger.
    ma'ta-ha'ri ma'ti, the West.
    o'rarg ma'ti, a corpse.
    s-pa'roh ma'ti, half dead.
    tan'da ma'ti, see bans,
    ma'ti-kan, to kill.
    k-ma'ti-an, death, decease,
    ma-to'ka (Engi), motor car.
    matTos (D.), sailor. Cf. prahu-
    mau' (45), to wish, desire: also-
    as an auxiliary verb, will,,
    shall, would, should. Cf.
    mail',, .mau'. ., either, .or. .
    mau' ta'mau', whether willing
    or not, nolens -nolens,
    a'pa matt'? what do you want-
    maut' (Ar.), death. Cf. mati.
    'a'lam maut', hades; also 'alam
    ma'war (Pers.), rose.
    a'yer ma'mar, rose water.
    bu'rga a'yer ma'war, the rose,
    ma'was, the orang utang."
    ma'yaig, a cluster of flowers om
    palm trees. Cf. klopak.
    mayas = mawas, q.v.
    ma'yat (Ar.), corpse, dead body
    (of hum an beings). CL
    ma'yoig, a Malay theatrical per-
    formance. Cf. wayarg.
    maz'mur (Ar.), a psalm; see
    maz'hab, sect; also madhhab.
    'm'bek, to bleat (of sheep and!
    'm'boh, to be willing, agree.
    'm-boh-m'bo-han, although,
    'm'bun, dew.
    medan, see maidan.
    me ga (Sk.), clouds,
    me'ja (Port.), a table.
    ja'ga me'ja, to wait at table.
    ia'roh me'ja, to lay the table,
    mem' (Eng.), madam, Mrs.,.
    lady. Cf. noiya.
    me'maig, already, in the same-
    condition as before, always,
    invariably, naturally, o f'

    , 85
    vne'rah, red.
    me!rah mu'da, pale red.
    rue'rah t-lor', the yoke of an
    me'rah tu'a, deep red.
    ku'da me'rah, a bay horse,
    merak, see mrak.
    mer'bau, a timber tree,
    mer'bok, a small turtle dove,
    mer'chun, fire crackers, fire-
    works. Gf. ptas.
    mer-d-he'ka (Jav.), freed from
    slavery, manumitted, free.
    Cf. bebas.
    mer'du (Sk.), soft, gentle, sweet
    (of sounds). Cf. manis.
    mer-gas-tu'a (Sk. margasatwa),
    wild animals,
    me'reig, slanting, oblique. Cf.
    eieiy. ehondrorg and seroty.
    mer'kah (Port.), the marks on a
    lead line, a soldier's badges
    of rank.
    -mer'kah, very fine cracks in por-
    aner-pa'ti (Sk.), pigeon, dove =
    (B.) burory komba. Cf.
    peryam, punai, tkukur and
    mer-ta'bat (Ar.), high position,
    rank, station. Cf. parykat.
    mer-tu'a (B.), father-in-law,
    mother-in-law = mniua.
    mesal, see mithal.
    me'wah, abundant. Cf. lempah.
    k-me'wa-han, abundance,
    m-f-ham (Ar. mafhum), to
    understand: see faham.
    m-gah', fame, glory.
    m.-gah'kan di'ri, to boast, exalt
    mhal, see mahal.
    mi'aig, itchiness caused by the
    fine hair of the bamboo, and
    similar things,
    mi'ka, thou, thee = arykau.
    mil' (Eng.), mile,
    mi'lek (Ar.), property, posses-
    mi'le-ki, to possess, acquire,
    mim'bar (Ar. minbar), the pul-
    pit in a mosque,
    mim'pi, a dream; also (B.) m-
    ber~mim'pi, to dream,
    minarah, see mnarah.
    miig'go (Port, domingo, lord),
    bari miry go, the Lord's day,
    Sunday. Hence mirggo has
    come to mean a week. Cf.
    ah ad.
    miigkin (B.), more, the more =
    makin, q.v.
    mi'nit (Eng.), minute,
    min'ta, m-min'ta (86 b, 157), to
    request, ask for; also pinta.
    m in'ta a'man, to seek for peace.
    min'ta am'pan, to ask for for-
    min'ta di'ri, to excuse oneself,
    take leave. Cf. motion,
    min'ta do"a, to pray.
    min'ta jan'ji, to request the
    fulfilment of a promise.
    min'ta ka'seh, to ask a favour.
    min'ta ma."af, to beg pardon.
    min'ta pin'jam, to borrow.
    min'ta s'd-kah', to beg, ask for
    per-min'ta'an, request, prayer,
    mi'num, m-mi'num, to drink.
    a'yer mi'num, drinking water.
    p-mi'nvm, a drinker, drunkard.
    Cf. mdbok.
    mi'nu-man, beverage,
    mi'iyak, oil, grease (animal or
    i vegetable). Cf. hnak.

    mi'njak ba'bi, laid.
    vii'njak ba u-ba u'a n, perfumed
    mi'njak yds', mineral oil.
    mi'njak ja'rak, castor oil.
    mi'ryak k-la'pa, coco-nut oil.
    mi'njak sa'pi, beef fat.
    mi'njak ta'nah, mineral oil.
    mi'njak tar', tar.
    mi'iya-ki, to oil, anoint,
    mi'sai, moustache. Cf. kumis.
    misjid, see msjid.
    miski, see in ski.
    mis'kin (Ar.), poor. Cf. papa.
    mi'thal (Ar.), resemblance, si-
    milarity ; simile, metaphor,
    type; also pronounced mesal.
    m-j-lis', pretty,
    m-j-lis', assembly; see majlis.
    m-la"i-kat (Ar.), angel,
    mlainkan, see lain.
    M-la'ka, a tree with edible fruit;
    the town of Malacca.
    ba'tu M-la'ka, flooring tiles.
    gn'la M-la'ka, coco-nut sugar.
    M-la'yu, Malay.
    b-ha'sa M-la'yu, the Malay
    ta'nah M-la'yu, Malaya,
    mm'p-lai (Tarn.), bridegroom;
    sometimes bride. Cf. pigan-
    m-na', in the phrase*:
    d'rgan ti-a'da s-m-na'm-na',
    without cause.
    ti-a'da t-per-m-na"i, incalcul-
    able. Cf. kira.
    mnafik, see munafik.
    m-narg, victorious; to win, gain
    the victory. Cf. alah.
    m-naig'kan, to cause to win,
    give the victory to.
    k-m-na'igan, victory,
    m-nan'tu, son-in-law, daughter-
    m-na'rah (Ar.), a tower, minar-
    mn-di'kai, water melon,
    mn-d-rong', reed grass, sedge.
    m-Tgah', ter-m-igah'-ni-tgah', jinn-
    ting. :
    m-iga'pa, why; see apa.
    mng-ka'roii;, a kind of lizard =
    mig'ku-aig, the screw pine; see-
    mniaga, to trade; see niaga'l' '
    mn-je'la (B.), windo\v = jndcla.
    m-nim'pi (B.), dream = mimpi.
    mn'tah, unripe, uncooked, raw..
    Cf. muda.
    mn-tega (Port.), butter,
    mn't-ri (Sk.), minister, states-
    man ; one of the pieces in the-
    game of chess: see chat nr.
    per-da'na mn't-ri, prime minis-
    mn-tu'a, father-in-law, mother-
    in-law = (B.) mertua.
    mo'dal (Tam.), invested funds,.
    capital. C'f. pokok.
    mohon, see pohon.
    mo'lek, beautiful, lovely,
    moiyet, see muniyit.
    mo'roig, melancholy, gloomy.
    mo'yaiB, great-grandfather, an-
    cestor. Cf. ncnek.
    ne'nek mo'yarg, ancestors,
    'm paig, to bar, stop, check, dam.,
    'mpat, see ampat.
    'm-pek (B.) (Chin.), uncle; a
    form of address to fathers-
    and other elderly persons.

    , 87
    'm'pirg, green rice roasted and
    'm'pok, meaty, soft (of cooked
    vegetables), tender (of
    'mpuiya, see ampunja.
    m-rak', a peacock,
    m-ran'ti, a common timber tree,
    m-ri'am, a cannon; ordnance,
    m-ri'ka, persons, people (only
    used in writings).
    m-ri'ka i'tu, they, them,
    m-ri'iyu (Port.), police inspec-
    vnshwarat, see mashwarat.
    m-si'hi and ma'se-hi' (Ar.),
    Christian, of or belonging to
    the Messiah; also Kristen.
    o'rarg m-si'hi, Christians.
    ta'rikh m-si'hi and ta'hun m-
    si'hi, the year of the Christ-
    ian era, A. P.
    ms'jid (Ar.), mosque; also msgit.
    Cf. surau and mandarsah.
    ms'ki (Port.), although, notwith-
    standing ; also mski-pun.
    Cf. surggoh.
    mstahil, sec mustahil.
    ms'ti, must. Cf. psti.
    mt'rai, seal, stamp. Cf. chap.
    mt'rai-kan, to seal, stamp,
    mu (13), an abbreviation of the
    2nd personal pronoun kamu;
    when affixed to a noun it has
    the force of a possessive pro-
    mu-a-fa'kat, ber-mu-a-fa'kat
    (Ar.), agreement; to agree,
    unite, consult together. Cf.
    fakat, which is generally used
    in a bad sense.
    mu-'a'laf (Ar.), proselyte, con-
    mu'at, to contain. Cf. isi.
    mu'at-kan, and m-mu'ai, to
    stow (cargo), put things into
    a box, cart or ship. Cf. isi.
    mu'a-ian, cargo, load,
    mu'da, young, immature, unripe;
    pale (of colours). Cf. mn-
    la'gi mu'da, still young.
    me'rah mu'da, pale red.
    o'rarg mu'da, a youth,
    mu'dah, easy. Cf. snaig.
    pan'daig mu'dah, to slight,
    make light of.
    mu'dah-kan, to esteem lightly,
    mu-dah-mu'da-han, perchance,
    if possible,
    mu'dek, to ascend a river, go up
    stream ; also 11 dek. Cf. hilir
    and hidu.
    mudi, see kmudi.
    mu-ga-mu'ga (Jav.), oil that!
    would that!
    m'u-ji'zat (Ar.), miracle, won-
    mu'ka, face.
    mu'ka a'yer, the surface of the
    mu'ka nia'nis, a pleasant ex-
    pression of face.
    mv'ka ma'sam, scowling, frown-
    ing, long faced.
    mu-ka-m u'ka, hypocritical.
    mu'ka pa'pan, impertinent.
    mu'ka su'rat, a page of a book.
    mu'ka t-bal', shameless, brazen-
    a'ratg di mu'ka, disgrace, in-
    a'yer mu'ka, complexion.
    cher'min mu'ka, looking-glass.

    di mu'ka, in the fore part (of a
    di mu'ka pin'tu, in front of the
    door, at the door,
    mu'kah, paramour; adultery.
    ber-mu'kah, to commit adul-
    mukim (Ar.), a district. Cf.
    mu'la (Sk.), beginning, origin,
    mu-la-mu'la, at first, first of
    ber-mu'la and s-ber-mu'la
    (133), punctuation words.
    s-mu'la, as at first, as before,
    over agaiu.
    mu-la"i, to begin.
    pcr-mu'la'an, beginning, com-
    mu-li'a (Sk.). glorious, illustri-
    ous, honorable, magnificent.
    mu-li'a-kan, to honour, glorify.
    k-mu-li'a'an, glory, splendour,
    mu'lut, mouth.
    mu'lut bo'chor, tell-tale, blab.
    mu'lut ko'tor, foul-mouthed.
    mu'lut ma'nis, smooth tongued,
    ba'ira mu'lut, to talk scandal,
    bi'bir mu'lut, the lips.
    rga'rga-kan mu'lut, to open the
    mu"min (Ar.), believer. Cf.
    o'rarg mu"min, the faithful,
    mu-na'fik (Ar.), hypocrite; hy-
    pocritical. Cf. pura-pura.
    nun'choig, prominent, project-
    ing (of the nose, lips, etc.);
    snout. Cf. jurgor.
    mun'kir (Ar.), to disavow, dis-
    own, renounce, retract, deny.
    Cf. sargkal.
    mun'iyit and mu'iyit, monkey,
    mun'shi (Ar., author), a teacher
    of languages. Cf. guru.
    mun'tah, m-mun'tah, -kan, vo-
    mit; to vomit,
    mu'rah, generous, liberal,, bene-
    volent; cheap.
    k-mu'ra-han, generosity, liber-
    mu'rai, the magpie-robin,
    mu'rid (Ar.), pupil, scholar, dis-
    mur'ka (Sk.), angry: wrath
    (of kings or of God). Cf.
    mnr'ka'i, to be angry with,
    muroig, see mororg.
    mur'tad (Ar.), apostate, pervert,
    renegade. Cf. nui'alaf.
    mu'saig, a species of civet cat.
    mu'sarg j-bat', polecat, civet
    mush'kil (Ar.), difficult,
    mu'sim (Ar.), season of the year,
    mu'sim bu'ah, the fruit season.
    mu'sim di'rgin, the cold season.
    mu'sim hu'jan, the rainy sea-
    mn'sim k-ma'rau, the dry sea-
    mu'sim pa'nas, the hot season,
    mu'soh, enemy of one's country,
    common enemy, as opposed
    to stru, a personal enemy,
    mus'li-hat (Ar.), arrangement,
    stratagem, trick.
    mus-ta"id (Ar.), prepared,
    mus-ta'hil (Ar.), impossible,
    mu-ti-a'ra, a pearl.
    a'yam mu-ti-a'ra, guinea fowl

  • Full Text

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    Printed by E. 1. BRILL, Leyden (Holland).

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    PREFACE TO SECOND EDITION. In this Volume, I have adopted a plan untried, I believe, since the dayg of HADLEY and BowREY, the latter of whom published his Grammar and Dictionary of the Malay Language in the year 1 701. To assist those who are unacquainted with the Arabic character, have arranged the Malay-English portion of the Vocabulary so that, I trust, it may be as easy to find here a Malay word and its English meaning, as in Volume I. to find the English word with the Malay rendering. The student can still find the Malay word in the ,Arabic character at least as readily as though he bad not the Romanized Malay to guide him. With but few exceptions, such as Intan crwl, 6rang tJ-'1, and those words which, in the Roman character, appear under the letter U, the initial letter of the Romanized form is the equivalent of the initial letter in the Arabic character. This Volume contains many more Malay words than Volume I., and though a large number of these will not be found in

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    VI any Malay Dictionary I have had an opportunity of consulting, I have introduced them into this Vocabulary because they are commonly used by the Malays amongst themselves, though but few may be known to Europeans. There are still nu m hers of purely Malay words, either local to particular places, or but seldom used even by well educated Malays, which I have not included in this Volume, but which, I think, should be found in a comprehensive Dictionary, though I know of none which contains them. Some simple rules for the formation of parts of speech, &c., which will be found as notes in their proper places in the body of the book, I have collated and placed, for easy reference, with the instructions on pronunciation. Tables of Weights and Measures will be found at the end of the Volume. London, May 1887. F. A. S.

    PAGE 7

    INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE PRONUNCIATION OF MALAY WORDS WRITTEN IN THE ROMAN CHARACTER. "With regard to the mode of orthography adopted in expres sing the words of the language in our characters, two consi derations present themselves: the one, that of conveying, as nearly as possible, their true sound; and the other, of paying the requisite attention to the powers of the several letters made use of in the original ....... It has been my design to avoid a pertinacious adherence to either mode. I have followed as closely the literal orthography of the original as could be done consistently with a fair expression of the sound, and where these could not he reconciled, I have given a preference to the latter consideration, because it appeared of more importance that the word should he rightly pronounced by those who can not read the Malayan character, than that the more learned scholar should be gratified by a literal accuracy to him not absolutely necessary. Frequently indeed I have been induced to repeat the spelling with some .variation in order to convey a juster idea of the pronunciation." -MABBDEN. The above passage exactly expresses my own views in the matter of orthography. I have been anxious to give these words

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    VIII the prominence due to such an expression of opinion from so famous an authority. VowELs. The Vowels a, e, i, o, n are pronounced as in Italian. The circumflex accent 11 or the short mark v when placed over any of these vowels, will lengthen or shorten it. Tliese tonal marks do not always represent a long or slwrt vowel in the Malay spelling, but are given to show tl1e quantities of tl1e various syllables of a word in pronunciation. Pronounce a as the a in soprano, or the vowel sound in farm; example, Jllirang, Mlibok. Pronounce a as the vowel sound in the English word aome; example, Sampei, Rangka. Pronounce a as the vowel sound in the English word cup; example, Kri!.p, Pi!.nat. Never give the sound of a in the En,qlisl1 word man, to any Malay word. 'Pronounce e like the sound of ay in the English word may; example, Elok, Hemat. Pronounce e like the sound of e in the English word ten; example, Hengga, Plikien, Pengsan. Pronounce as short as possible, like the sound of re in the English word retire; example, Ti!pi. The sound is so short that many persons have advocated its expression by a single apostrophe, thus, M'nang, but I prefer the Pronounce i long, as the ee in sleek; example, Lihat, Pileh. Pronounce i as in the preceding without laying quite so much stress upon it, as Bioi, Biji. At the end of a word, when. followed by a consonant; the sound of the i .is shorter,

    PAGE 9

    IX like the sound of i in the English word tin; example, Lilin, Langit, Mllsjid. Pronounce l' very short, as in the case of the only with the sound of i in gill; example, Jllid, Lllah, Flrdaus. The use of this tone is rare. Pronounce iJ as the vowel sound in the English go; example, Dosa, 6rang. Pronounce o as the o in English; example, Choreng. The pronunciation of o really depends on what follows it. Thus, o followed by n is pronounced like the English on, and o alone has the sound of o in so, thus Chonto'. Again, o followed by r is pronounced like the English or, thus Undor; whilst o before ng is pronounced more like the o in the Dutch Jongklteer than in the English long, as Longgar, Gllnong. o is very seldom met with, it should be pronounced with the vowel sound of the English knob; example, Bohong, Dosta. Pronounce ii like the vowel sound in the English two; example, Gftoong, Lftka. Pronounce u rather shorter than the above, but with the same sound; as Ta.kut, Muotah. u has the vowel sound of the English word took; example, Mulia, Dunia. The sound is rare in Malay, but met with in Arabic words. Never pronounce n wlten met witl in a Malay word like tlte u in but. DIPHTHONGS. Pronounce ae, ai, or ei, when met with, with the sound given by repeating these vowels one after the other, as above instructed; example, Smai, Sungei. au has tbe sound of ow in the English now; example, Pulau.

    PAGE 10

    X As regards Consonants, it is only necessary to say that ng is always pronounced like ng in the English long and never like ng in the English mangle. This last sound is given in Malay by adding another g, thus, Tanggong. The sound given by Malays to what I have expressed by the letters ang is difficult to find in any English word. The sound of the first syllable of "hungry" is however near it. Never pronounce ang like the same letters in the English hang. g is always hard, as in go. The soft sound of g in the English gentle is invariably expressed by j in Malay, thus, Jinak. eh is always pronounced like the clt in churclt, and sh like the same letters in shine, unless where specially instructed to the contrary. Always pronounce th like tit in the and not as in thin, except when the letter Tha occurs. kit should be pronounced like clt in Loclt, hut harder, as Khab!i.r. Whenever a word, or the final syllable of a word of more than one syllable, ends with either lt or k, that word or tlnal sylJable most be pronounced very short indeed, whatever the vowel which precedes the !t or k. When the word ends with /t that letter shoolld be slightly sounded, out when it ends with k, the k is always silent. Lastly, do not be afraid to pronounce the r in Malay words; it is a peculiarity of the people that they lay much stress on the r in pronunciation. It is difficult for an Englishman to pick up the practice, but it should be attempted. In the common people, and indeed the Chiefs, un less talking to strangers, speak with a curious lisp, which avoids the pronunciation of s, r, or l, but whatever may be the local

    PAGE 11

    XI peculiarities of any particular Native State, and they are but few and of slight importance, there is but one language recog nised in the Peninsula, and that is Malay, not High Malay (whatever that may mean), or Court Malay, but simply the Malay language proper, and a knowledge of that, if the words be accurately pronounced and used in their true sense, even though the knowledge be but slight, will be as useful in KMah as in PAhang or Tr6ugganu, in Perak or Sri Menanti, as in KE!lantan or Petani. TRANSLITERATION. I have bound myself by no rule in this matter, indeed to transliterate in Roman letters vowels which do not appear at all in the Malay words would be difficult. I have reproduced the Malay consonants by their equivalents in Roman letters in every case. To lay down such a rule with regard to. even the vowels which do appear in the Malay, would be unwise, for it would only mislead. To say that ..;; should always be reproduced by i, when in Malay it is pronounced as e or as ei, or to make it a rule that _, shall always be rendered by u, when it is often really pronouncod o and au, would be to advocate mispronunciation and misunderstanding, with no countervailing benefit. t:M e. i., mnng, cannot be transliterated to represent any intelligible sound, but it is perfectly easy to produce the Malay word, thus Menang, having already laid down how and a shall be pronounced. I have rendered the Malay letter .,.. by nya to distinguish it

    PAGE 12

    XII from or nia. Let me repeat again, the Romanized Malay words in this Vocabulary are not, and are not intended to be, transliterations of Malay words, but, guided by the instructions already laid down, they are intended to represent the Malay words as pronounced in the Malay language, w bile the A rabic characters show the correct spelling in the Malay vernacular. Hamzah (). In Arabic words, where two Alifs would come together, the second is omitted, and Hamzah inserted in its place. In Malay words, the Hamzah is usually found at the end of a word, and gives the vowel which precedes it a short sound very much as though the Hamzah were the final k.

    PAGE 13

    MALAY ALPHABET. ---'I' he Arabic Alphabet, with the six letters marked with an asterisk () added, form the Malay Alphabet. The letters marked are only used in words of Arabic origin. Name. I Final. I Medial.\lnilial. Eqoinlent. Alif ...... I lA Ba ....... y ...... B Ta ....... "" .. :i T Tha ..... ""' .. Th (as in thick) .. Jim ....... f." "!'-'-,. J Cha ..... t Oh Ha ..... e:: t :s:l. :;:.. H (strong in back of throat) Kha ..... t 5.1. Kh (stronger than eT. in lodt) Dal* ..... <> <). D Thai .... J. Th Ra ....... ) J R Za ...... ) j z Sin ....... U" U" s Shin .... 1 t.J. t.J. A Sh Sod ..... u" u" .... "" S (strong) j/ OcV/'

    PAGE 14

    Name. I Isolated,, Final. I Medial., Initial. I Equinlent. Tbod .... ui' I uQ. 4 "" Th (as in the) or D Ta ...... .b. .b T (strong) Tha .... !.;,. "" Th (stronger than Thod) Ain ..... e .. aa or a tRbain .. t .& .i:. Rh or Hr Nga* ..... E. t .i N g (pronounced gether) Fa ...... ._; ..A .iJ. j F Pa* ...... ...; ...a ii j p Kof ....... "' 1.3-.ii ;; K Kaf ....... .J .$.. $:. K Ga* ...... .J. r t G (always hard) Lam ...... J J. .1. J L Mim ..... I" I" + M Nun ...... I;) \,;)' ;. N Wau ...... W, 0, U, or AU Ha ....... a & -ty I H Ya ...... <.?. o/: Y, I, E, or El Nya* ... J '-:/ 1::1';"-"" ; Nya ... t Prooouneed like the German r. P and G are commonly written with one dot instead of three.

    PAGE 15

    }f A L A Y-E N G L I S H. Abang &I elder brother. AMnt&ra a herald. [Commonly pronounced Abu y,l ashes. Abn kayu y,i) y,l sawdust. Achan 0"'<'"1 to mimic. Achar pi (Sans.) pickles. Achi ready. Achu_,:;rl to brandish. Achlian o!B-1 a mould for cast ing, a sample. Achum to tell, to inform. Ada .>I to be, to have, to exist. A "G-j .>1 busy, occupied. Ada kunun c::f:/ .>1 it is reported. Ada kuba U'"!,[ able. Ada orang [J,I .>1 occupied (as a house). Adi!kah .SI.>I is? have? Adang f:>l to stop, to get in the way of. Adang-Adang rf:>l a screen. .Adas manis "",.,.;t.. l.J".>I anised. Adat custom, habit, usage, practice, fashion, mode, Jaw, institution; usual.

    PAGE 16

    .Am -2-AKA Adik younger brother. .Adik 0!,-0-o_,-3 younger sister. Adil J..>lc (Ar.) just. Adinda ..L.i..>l younger brother (usually of Ad6hi! c.?_,..> I alas! Adu ,_,1 to sleep. [Used only when speaking of Adu _,..>1 also _,..,l;j.. to complain. Adu-an 01,..>1a complaint, a prose cution. Afiat .1.. (Ar.)health; to recover from illness. Afiun (Ar.) opium. Agak ._jj]i to guess. Agam large. W'l religion. Agas u--31 a sand-8y. sea-weed. Ago' _,?I a necklace. Agong /:}1 principal, head, main. Ahad .>.>I (Ar.) Sunday. Aiak-kan a sieve; to put through a sieve. [ Aiak being the radical, it might be ex pected that the substantive would, as is usually the case, be formed by affixing an,' and perhaps by prefixing but there is no prefix, and 'kan,' is affixed in preference to _,:::--1 to urge, to set on, to incite, to excite, to provoke, to mimic, to make fun of, Aka! (Ar.) intellect, sense. reason, understanding, capa city, talents, wisdom, wit, the mind.

    PAGE 17

    AKA -3AMO Aka! budi genius, sa gacity, ability. .A.kan dl for A.kan fasltl itu j...o..> c,.s'l therefore A.kar j I a root. __ illir f>l (Ar.) conclusion, end, period; at last. <::.>_r>l (Ar.) futurity. Diinia this world and the next. Akhrr-nyaY.f>l result, the sequel. I, ine: to acknowledge. Also Alah ..11 to lose, to be worsted. Alah-kan 0'4-il to conquer, to van quish. Alam (Ar.) the universe. Ali\mat ..:.:M::k (Ar.) a superscrip tion, an address, a token, a sign, a signal, a note, a mark, a monument. Alas u-Jiiining, foundation. Alat stores, implements, an utensil, a thing. Alat wea pons. Ali-ali r a sling for throwing. Alih-kan to shift, to move, to remove, to change place (all transitive). -to tom (intansitive). Alim (Ar.) a learned person; learned, wise. Aliph-ba-ta l:i the alphabet. Allah tiiaJa illl (Ar.) God. Almol.ri ..s;WI (Port.) a wardrobe. Alor ;,JI the channel of a stream, a furrow. Alpa Lill (Hind.) neglect; careless, thoughtless. Alu ,JI a pestle, a pounding stick. Alun 0,_JI long rolling waves after a storm at sea. Amol.n 0Lol (Ar.) peaceful, know ing no care, (and so may come to mean) Iuxuriouo. !mat excesaive, over (in degree), too. Ambal J-;..1 a particular kind of Turkish rug. Am (Ar.) amber. Ambil to take. Also ambil. Sudah di ambil has been taken. Ambun dew. Amok 0yl a furious assault; to make a furious attack. Also

    PAGE 18

    AMP -4ANA Ampang &1 a dam; to dam. Ampang-kan to stop up. Ampas pulp. Ampat four. Ampat puloh wl forty. Ampat sagi square. [Lit. four sides.] A.!!!Pun of-ol pardon. Ampun-kan to forgive, to pardon, to remit. ..,.,_,i.l belonging. Yang ampunya-the owner. Anak 0WI a child, off-spring. [This word is applied to the young of all birds, beasts, or fishes: Anak g!jah-a young elephant; Anak anjing-a puppy; Anak Mrong-a young bird; Anak !kan-a young fish.] Anak angkat .._jijl an adop ted child. Anak anjing 0WI a puppy. Anak !yam ,-<.1 .._jijl a chicken. Anak !yer r.l .._jijl a tributary stream, a rivulet, a creek, a brook. Anak baik .._jijl well-bred. Anak biri-biri rl.5F-i 0UI a lamb. Anak bongsu 0UI the last born child. Anak chuchu _,.;r_,.;r 0UI descen dants, progeny [Lit. children and grandchildren]. Anak d!ching .._jijl weights for steelyard. Anak d!rah ";1..> .._jijl a virgin, a maid. Anak gampang 0WI a bastard .!oak gundek ._;;_;! a child born of a concubine. Anak jantan <:F. ._;ut son. 1nak kambing uwl a kid. Anak kuching -...)Lit a kitten. Anak kdda l..l_,l ._;ut a foal. Anak kll.da Mt!na t..>_,s" .._;u; a filly. Anak kll.da jantan <:F-iv_,).._;ut a colt. Anak kunchi <.?.;S .._;u; a key. [Lit. the child of the lock.] Anak l!ki-l!kir .._jijl a boy, son. Anak Mmbu y..J 0UI a calf. Anak locheng .._jijl a clap per of a bell.

    PAGE 19

    ANA -5ANG Anak lnmbong J.jl a miner. A.nak d.. J,;l the pupil of the eye. A.nak mlirld J,;l a scholar, a student, a pupil, a learner. Anak J,;l native. A.nak -...JUI an arrow. [Lit. the child of the bow.] Anak ,_jijl a sailor, one of the crew of a boat. Anak -...JUI a girl, daughter. Anak ri\ja c;:) -...JUI a prince, or princess. Anak L..._,J -...JUI a fawn. Anak -...JUI nephew. Anak J,;l 01,.,.;> Anak sll.long t:Jr -...JUI the first born child. Anak snngei Ui.jl a rivulet, a brook. Anak tangga .iJ.:i:; -...JUI the step of a stairs. Anak tikus LrM -...JUI a rocket. [Lit. a young rat.) Anak tiri ..;p; -...JUistep-son,step child. Anak tiri prempuan ..;p; UUI step-daughter. Anak yatlm -..Jijl (Ar.) an orphan. Anam six. Ananas a prineapple. [Com monly pronounced Ni\nas.] Anggo' JW' )::11 a nod; to nod. Anggor (Pers.) win_e. Anggor kring rai sins. Angguta o)::11 a limb, a member of the body. Angin wind, breeze. Angin-angin a weather cock. [The contrivance which Malays are so fond of putting up in trees, and JVhich, when it is whirled round by the wind, makes a humming noise is called Angin-angin or Bi\lang-Mlang.] Angin ditrat o)-> #1 land breeze. Angin !aut sea breeze. Angin puling bllong t_,J! a whirlwind. Angka Llll a number (in arith metic). Angki\ra ;Llll (Hind.) perverse.

    PAGE 20

    ANG -6-1PI Angkat or Angkat-kan, to take up, to lift, to hoist, to raise. Angkau _,....s:...;;;1 you, thou. Also used as Hang or Kau. Angkau punya fll your. (The possessive is best formed by placing the pronoun after the substantive, as: His house -r{tmah dla. Angkut ofll to take up and carry away. Angrah-an o9>l}jl a gift, a pre sent (from a superior or Raja). [Pronounce the g separate from the n which precedes it.] Angrah-kan to give a present (said of Ritjas). [Pro nounce the g separate from the n which precedes it.] Angsa Wl (Hind.) a goose. Angsa jantan Wl a gander. Aniil.Ja (Sans.) oppression, injustice, calumny; grievous, oppressive. Aniaya-kan cf\! to oppress, to persecute, to inj ore, to do wrong to another, to calum niate. An!ka several kinds. Anjing a dog. Anjing Mt!na a bitch. Anjing O.yer y.l an otter. Anjing per-bfiru-an 01,;)!} a hound. Antan ifl a pounding stick. Antara (Hind.) between, amongst. An tar ?I or Antar-kan d ?I to convey, to send. Meng-antarto escort. Antar kapada .lls' ?I to refer to, to send to. Anting-anting a hanging ear-ring, a plummet. Anu _,.;1 so and so. 1nyam l"'il to plait. 1nyut '-"'-""ll adrift, drifting; to drift. 1pa 01 what. 1pa fasi11 J..d ul why, what for. 1pa seMb ul why, what for. 1 1pa blla when. 1pa kala when. 1pi fire. 1pit-an a press, a copying press.

    PAGE 21

    API -7AYA Apit-kan to press. Apns-kan dlthga cf.-_,;1 to quench thirst. Ara )la fig. Arak J) (Ar.) arrack, pirits. Arang E;l charcoal. .A.rang batu i:JI coal. .A.rang pAra e) soot. [Lit. shelf-charcoal, "para" being the shelf which, in all Malay houses, is placed in the smoke of the fire and on which the salt and other things which ought not to get damp are kept.] Arif uJ (Ar.) sagacious. Arus ll'-') tide, current, stream. Asah-kan d+--1 or kan to sharpen. Asal J...ol (Ar.) source, origin, ---;,ot, a beginning; at Asam 1"""1 acid. Asam Jitwa I_,L:,-1"""1 a tamarind. Asam limau 1"""1 a lime, the fruit of the lime tree. Asap J,...l smoke. -it smokes, it was smoking. Ashan 04--t a dish. [Pronounce 's and h separately and di tinctly.] Ashek ._jL;;:,l.c (Ar.) enraptured, delighted. Ashkar (Ar.) an army, a soldier. Asing aside, apart, private, different. Asing-kan to separate, to sort, to set apart, to set aside, to detach, to except, to lay by. Asoh, to take care of., 0\.:.:...t a palace, pronounced also Asut-kan t:P_,....I to incite. Atap J;it thatch. Atas surface, top; up, above, on. Atau _,:;t either, or. Atur ;Jil to arrange, to set in order, Also Aiur-kan and Auat o_,l why. [Contracted from itpa]. Awak ,J_,I you. Awal J_,l (Ar.) commencement, beginning. Awan 0_,1 cloud. Ayah 'Y.I (Sans.) father. Ayah bonda "-"' parents. [Lit. father and mother.]

    PAGE 22

    AYA -8-AZI Ayam a fowl. Ayam Mt!na a hen, Ayam !tek r.!l poultry. [Lit. fowls and ducks.] Ayam jantan <:F. a cock, Ayam (kasi) ..:;:r-4' :""I (
    PAGE 23

    BAB -9BAI Baba (Hind.) A name used to designate Straits born males, whether the children of Eng lish, Chinese, or Eurasian pa rents. Baban a burden, a difficult matter. BAbat to wrap. Babi a hog, a pig, a swine. Bl!.bi Mtlaa I:J:-(4 a sow. jantan a boar. Bl!.bi fitan .;:?_,9 a wild boar, a wild hog. Bll.cha and 04--o, to read. Bll.chang a horse-mango. Bildak a rhinoceros. Badam, (Pers.) an almond. Bll.dan (Ar.) the body. B&dan prau _,9!} the hull of a vessel. Badik a very short dagger. BAgan a quay, a landing place, (and so comes to be used for) a ferry. Bagei like, similar to. 8 Bagei-bll.gei miscellaneous, sundry. Bagei ml!.na how, on what terms. Bagi or to give, to spare. Bl!.gi jatoh to let drop. [Lit. to give to fall.] BAgi pinjam lo lend. [Lit. to give to borrow.] Bllginda a monarch. [Bit ginda is properly only applied to a Raja who obtains throne by conquest, or who conquers another country.] Baglni L.,;l. thus, in this way, like this (from Bll.gei ini). Bagltu, in that manner, that's it (from Bagei itu). Bag!tu-kah? .S #. indeed? Bagns well done, fine. Bah l!.....t the deluge, a a freshet. Bll.hia danger, peril. B!iang a shadow. Baiar to pay.

    PAGE 24

    BAI -10BAN Baiar Mlik to refund. Baiar fttang t>"_,l to repay, to pay a debt. Baiaran payment. Baik good, worthy; well. Khabltr baik-good news. Baik skUi, .l,l.l::.. excellent. Yang baik skali-the best. Bll.ja t manure. Mja-steel. Baji a wedge. Bll.ju a coat, a jacket. Bll.ju rantei L.,:UJ or Bll.ju zerah j) a coat of mail. Bil.kar to burn. Bll.kau mangrove. titan bakau-a mangrove swamp. BAki (Ar.) the rest, balance, remainder, remnant, surplus. BAkong a lily. BAkong il.yer f.! a waterlily. Bakti L.,.:.:Ai (l'ers.) pious. Blikt1 congealed, frozen, solid. Bakul a basket. people, common people. Billak a log larger than "bll.tang kil.yn." B.Uang a bottle. Balar an albino. Bil.las an answer; to atone, to avenge. Bll.las bnnyi L5'tf echo. BUas gftna of to wreak vengeance. Bll.las kata c:JI{ to retort. Billas t.,.,.if ..rl4 to dis charge an obligation. BAias-kan to requite, to retaliate, to revenge, to return a favour. BAias-kan surat or surat-to answer a letter. BAiei a hall, a stage, a plat form, a police station. BAiei rong E_., a court, a hall of state. Ba!erang brimstone, sul phur. Bil.lik to turn, to return, to withdraw, to retire. BUik 01.... beyond. B.tlik-kan to overturn, to turn upside down. BAiir (Ar.) puberty. BAlut-kan to wrap up (as furniture), to bandage. Banchi or Banchi-kan to enumerate, to number as in a census. Bandar (Pers.) a town; a city.

    PAGE 25

    BAN -11BAR Bandar sah school. (Port.) a Hag, an ensign. Banding to comeare. B!ngat quick. Bangat ol.mat =-<1 premature. Bangkei a corpse, a carcase. Bang kit to rise, to get up. Bangsa a nation, a race, a tribe. Bangsa baik born, well-bred. Bang-sa t""J Bangsa riong EY';) a reed. Bangsal a hut, a shed. Bangsal ktida lo)_,l a stable for horses. Bangsat destitute. Bangsol.-wan gently born, of high descent, noble by birth. Bangun a shape; to rise, to get up. Bangun-kan crGfo. to rouse, to waken. Banian (Guz.) an undershirt. Banir projecting pieces of wood at the bases oflarge trees. Bantah to contradict. bantah-to argue. Bantal J-:.:.4 a pillow, a cushion. Bantei, Bantei-kan to kill for food with religious ceremonies, to slaughter cattle for food. Banting-kan to fell, to knock down. relief,. help; to assist, to help (especially in war). Bantun 0,_.:.:.4 to pull up or out. Banyak a quantity, anum ber, a store; much, many, a good deal, numerous, abun dant, plentiful. Ban yak il.mat too much. Banyak mtilut """"-"' talkactive, impertinent. Bapa ...34 father. Bapa sudara ),)>"' ...34 uncle. Bapa tiri step-father. Bara embers, glowing cinders. Barang /:)4 a thing, an article. Barang ul i:J4 whatever. Barang-Mrang r/:;4 things, articles, goods, wares, stores, ef fects, stock, luggage, baggage. Barang-Mrang mas l.l"""l r/:;4 trinkets, jewellery. Barang-barang ..:Jft' r/:;4 silver, plate-ware.

    PAGE 26

    BAR -12BiT Biirang di-miina 0kU}wherever. Biirang miina 0W} whichever. Barang if..l..} t_;4 a toy. Biirang pichah-an E_;4 porcelain. Biirang siiipa whoever, any one (of persons). Biirang suatu whichever, any one (of things). Bfirang yang )y-h' exports. Barang yang miisok w;...l.. imports. perhaps, probably, possibly. Barat o} West. Barat daia <..51.> o} South-west. Barat o} North-west. Barbal J.i.! (Ar.) a mule. [Soun.!.f>'4 granite. Batu daching _,:;4 weights for steelyard. Biitu _,:;4 ruby. Batu in tan _,:;4 diamond.

    PAGE 27

    BAT -13-BEN B!tu kisar-an _,;,'(.a grindstone. BUu llchin _,:,'4 a pebble. Batu marml!r j"j" _,:;4 marble. Batu n!Iam ,.4..i _,:;4 sapphire. Batu "'"'[:&'; _,:;4 whetstone. Batu pua!am r-!Y _,:;4 marble. Boltu timbangan if4-o-J _,:,'L--1 weights for the ordinary ba lance scales. Batu uji t.?-'1 _,:,'4 a touchstone for assaying the touch of me tals. Ban the shoulder. Bau-bau-an scent, perfume, odour, a smell. Bau bftsuk Wi-_,.; -'4 a stench. Baur ;'4 to mix. Bawa 1,4 to bring, to fetch, to convey. Bawa )-} 1,4 to carry out side. Bawa mil.sok Wi-l.o 1,4 to intro duce, to bring in. Bawa L,j} 1,4 to remove, to take away. Bawa' sajak ;4 a coxcomb, a puppy. Bawang t-'4 an onion. Bawang pO.te.h t-'4 garlic. ignorant, senseless, stupid. BMil to fire a gun, to shoot with firearms. Behtra (Ar.) an ark. food, stores for journey. a thing, a vessel, an utensil, a mark, a print. kaki a track, a footmark. llpat a crease. r6da b_,J a rut, a wheel track. c;/-1 to work. a proboscis, the trunk of an elephant. _,cA.4 (Port.) velvet. anxiety. Be!ok to tack in sailing. Belot oh to turn renegade. &J.,l-i the hide of an animal when skinned. lJ';f/ velvet. thread, fibre, yarD, cotton-thread. sutra lj-w &. silk-thread. truth; true, right quite so.

    PAGE 28

    BEN -14BER cf;. to sanction, to approve, to justify, to vindi cate. damage; hurt. to hate, to detest. Also a thing, an article. a prime minister, a treasurer. a wet rice-field. (Hind), a con vict. [Not understood in the Malay States]. pin tu p a thresh hold. Bengal; of or belonging to Bengal. bump,. a swel ling; to swell. a grasslizard. crooked, bent. grain, seed. F. to spread out. Benting 6::; .. a parapet, a rampart, a stockade. a semicircle. a region, a country, a continent. China China. to sleep (said of Ril.jas). to void. (Ar.) intelligent, wise, sensible, cunning. fl,r. to take root. turn (as the tide). Mri LS;l9 .. [Lit. the time when the sun has turned the meridian.] ._ji...jl,r. to bear children. to travel, to start, to set out. variegated, mottled, marbled, in clouds. sorts; various, different. to arise, to get up. [This and the follow ing verbs, formed by prefix ing the particle Mr" to the radical, may be used in the present, imperfect, or per fect tenses, and there is no alteration in the different per sons of the verb, the personal pronoun being sufficient to carry the sence. Thus; Dla Mr-bangkit-he gets up, he was getting up, or he got up-

    PAGE 29

    BER -15-BER the context showing the tense. Klta Mr-bangkit-we get up, we were getting up, or we got up. I do not lay this down as a universal rule, but it is usual. It must not, however, be sup posed. that the prefix can be placed before all radi cals and used with the above described significations. For instance: Dla means he goes, he was going, or he went; according to the con text, j:l.lan being the radical, meaning either a road, or to go, or to walk. But also means to go, and yet Mr is most unusual, and unheard of, whilst j:l.lan-kan is common, and means to cause to go. J:l.lan kan bich:l.rato carry on a case. J:l.lan-kan keep a matter going. Some times, again, intensifies the radical, as: Budi-sense of sense, sensi ble, Bulu-hair, feathers; bulu-covered with hair or feathers, hairy, feathered, shaggy .. Dll.rah-blood; d:l.rah-bloody. W;;1 noble by birth. io argue, t<> dispute, to squabble, to wran gle, to quarrel. to compare. baring ;1 to recline, to rest, to repose. paved. U"lti.f. civil, polite. to plead in a court. to squabble. to expend. !l'l;i to bear fruit. <-.-.,)Y. ;1 intelligent, in genious, sensible. covered with hair or feathers, hairy, feathered, shaggy. l,;;y, ;i to flower. bundled. sparkle.

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    BER -16-BER to talk, to speak. Jf.:;r.f. mixed; to interfere. to regard, to esteem. /:yl..>.f. to row. L.-ol..>;-i to agree, to make peace (become friends). to make peace between others. )..>f. bloody. !,.c..>j. (Ar.) to sue in court. j...>j. to throb, to pal pitate t.f..>.f. to whiz, to hum as bees. <.S.f...lf. to stand up. (Ar.) to pray that something may be given U"'..> f. guilty; to offend, to do wrong, to commit a crime, to sin ganti-ganti r..?.f. in suc cession, in rotation. hanging, to hang (intmnsitie) .Btir-gantong ka-pb.da WlS f. to depend upon, to rely upon. to resound ._jij(?.f. to vibrate. r.f. to vibrate. to rub one thing against another, as the bow of a violin against the strings. J...._,J f. unsteady, shaky; to rock, to totter, to shake (intransitive), Goyang kan, to shake (transitive). Btir-grak u? r. to move, to stir (intransitive). useful Jl,g>j. an idol. handei familiar, intimate. ,P.f. to conjure, to use witchcraft, to practise the black art. ..r f. to cease, to leave off, to stop (intransitive). to stop (transitive), to terminate. 3.?1 valuable. to compute. o#.f. to assemble (intransitive). (Ar.) religiOIJ.s.

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    BER -17-BER sensual. spotted, speck led. filled, loaded (and ----sD, in' contradistinction to hol low) solid. (Hind.) married; to marry. to walk, to march, to travel. r oll.:?-;1 to stroll. _;, to waddle. contagious, infectious; to infect. to agree, to promise, to stipulate, to engage by contract. \F. f. on tiptoe. sorts; various, different. .9.";1 to dance. .. -j J!P." ;1 to sell. &.9.";1 to gamble. 1.4:?-j. to meet. .... dangling, hang-ing down; to hang down. re quire, to want. to say. to become rusty: rusted. ;-1 to accompany, to flock, to collect. ,;--1 to wed, to marry. kMei .__co.>.S' ;1 to keep a shop. &.l4j. to picnic. if f. pleased; to like. Mngan if<> r;/ ;-1 to serve (work for). (Ar.) to cir cumcise. polished; to flash, to shine. ,;--1 to quarrel, to fight. t:Jf ;-1 to wallow (as buffaloes). l.>_,.s'j. to ride. powerful, strong, able, possessing in fluence or authority. anchor, to cast anchor. to sail. linger. di jUan to loUer.

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    BER -18BER r0lJW;i spilt (in quantities). sticky, slimy. 4--_,.!;i to race. rdt..;i to play. <.::.>1.. dt..;i to ogle. mayong (,el.. dt..;i to act (play). to revile. to rail, to abuse, to wrangle. drr to take leave (inferior to superior). (Ar.) sensual. to fester, to sup purate. to swim. E_.,Uy: to take shelter, to shade one's self. ;i to deal, to traffic, to trade. ':l4;i to blaze, to flame, to glow (as fire). 1,4;1 living. w;.l_,l_r. to turn, wind (in transitive). &.J_,fr. t.o rock, to pitch (as a ship). undulating. fUr enclooed, fenced in, railed round. damascened (as steel). to shoot with a bow in steps, graduated. to inherit. perspire, to sweat. to revolve; shifty (as applied to persons). E);i to fight, to make war, to wage war. to say. L.,.-;;.. ;i to testify. ..JL.wr. to offend (do wrong). c:.>_,.IL...y: to overlay (as with gold). rL-r to accompany; with, together with. _,:il...j. to become one. .._,.,.l.wy: to disagree, to differ, to be at variance, to quarrel. diMas tllkhtaka-raja an u--=;1..> ['":!L.-;i to reign. [Lit. to sit upon the throne of a kingdom.]

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    BER -19-BER to Jnrk, to hide (intransitive). 0U.wj. related. to sneeze. hiss, to whistle ..:)}"';/to shout .. allied, bound by friendship; to ally, to pledge friendship. related M_,... ;I to rejoice. to swear, to t ake an oath. M-j.(Ar.) circumcised; to circumciae. 0""">-"';-i overlying in regular order; to overlay in regular order. to, to multiply (int.-ansitit>e). ._;ut; j. to boil rice. ,};-! to bet, to lay a wager, a otake ..:.t;1, studded; tc set (as jewels) ;-! to reform in conduct. J:fJ j. to lay eggs. _,..:; j. to meet. fo f. to wrangle t_,.:.:;r. to predict by sorce ry. to a louse. overlying, one over the other, as herrings in a barrel. ,_iy..M.:i j. to bore the ears. to crack a louse .Also .JitJj. to fall in drops.;-1 to cry out, to scream, to shout, to shriek, to roar, to yell, to whine or yelp (as a dog), to neigh. !,:ij. succe .. ful. to shoot (as a plant). ;-1 engaged to marry; to affianee. J.i'j. to speak. ..,_,lj. changed, altered; to change (intrarn
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    BER -20-BHA &,tj. to add to. cr.Y'j. to be in the rain. E.-,tj. to jut out. when eating to add to the dish as to eat sambals with curry, to drink whilst eating, &c. kata to re pea what has been said. sakit-nya to have a. relapse (of a sick person). rt:J_,Ij. to iterate, to reiterate, to come and go; over and over. .S_,tj. to have, to obtain, to possess. t_y.:;tj. to succeed, to prosper, to work at a profit, to make money. 4.w,tj. to persevere. indebted; to owe. big, great, grand, loud (of the voice). "'r, size. or, to take part with. Le-""! iron. brani a magnet. klida I..>_,) a horseshoe. Besok to-morrow. Beta I. [Used in writing.] Betha i._L,....; (Ar.) different; to differ: a female, a woman; female. ft.;;4 a shoal, a sandbank. the leg. J_,..:4 correct, exact, accu rate, right, true, real, genuine, sound, in good order, morally upright; quite so. rectify, to put to rights, to make all right. Bhagi-an a division, a part, a portion, a parcel, a share. BMgi-kan to distribute, to part, to share, to divide. Bhara tfti a weight, usually equal to 3 pikuls or 400 lbs. A voir. It is commonly used in wei ghing tin and heavy substan ces. Bharu -'J4-l new, modern, fresh: lately. Bhasa speech, language, a dialect. Bhasa-nya a meaning, a signification.

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    BtA -21-BIN Blar :f'/ to allow, to grant, to let, to permit, to suffer. BiAsa familiar, accustomed, used to,experienced,practised, prone, addicted to. BiAuak the iguana. Blbas free, unrestrained. Blbas-kan to permit. Blbir fi1'i the lip, a brim, a rim. Blbir-miHa the lower eyelid. BicMra )l..f''-1 (Hind.) a discus sion, a conference J a lawsuit, a case for trial, a judicial trial; to discuss. BicMra-kan cf)l..f''-1 to negociate, 1 to try judicially. (Hind.) a celestial nymph. Bldak a pawn (in chess). Bldan a midwife. Btdang a qualitative par ticle used with kajangs and sheets of paper. Bldang nar row (as cloth). Blduan a musician, a dan cing girl. Bljak discreet, sagacious, sensible, prudent, witty. B!jaksAna capacity, talents; wise. Biji the stone of a fruit, the seed of grains, &c. Byi-byi-an 0 grain. d eyeball. Byi tlmah tin ore, [Pronounced uByeh" in this sense only.] when. Bllah a qualitative particle used with such things as knives and krissea. Kris dila bllah two krisses. Bllal JJ4 an officer of the mosque. Bilhlang a grasshopper, a locust. BiiMang-jarum r-'}--'?" a dragonfly. Bllang to count, to reckon, to number, to enumerate. Bllek a room, a chamber. Bimbang F anxious, irreso lute, wavering, uncertain, inconstant. Bimbang Mti J\.9> hesita ting. destroyed, ruined, spoilt, injured; to perish, to come to harm.

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    BIN -22BLA to rain, to --;a;;g-;, to Jay waste, to destroy, to injure, to waste. t:=>U. an animal, a beast. BinMang buas t:=>1..4 a beast of prey. BinMang yang a reptile, a crawling insect. [Lit. a beast which crawls.] Binatang yang f::!f a flying insect. mischief, harm, damage, hurt. Bingis nnmerciful, cruel, bloodthirsty. Bingong a lunce; simple, foolish, stupid. Bioi a wife. Bin tang p a star, a medal, a decoration. Binhmg p a comet. Bin tang dO.ablas p the signs of the Zodiac. Bin tang khOW.b ._,...b> P, (Ar.) the North Star. Bi61a "j.r-H (Port.) a fiddle, a violin. Blras brother-in-Jaw by wife "s side. Biri-biri rLS..# a sheep. Biri-biri Mtlna rLSft. a ewe. Biri-biri jantan a ram (male sheep). Biru, ..#blue. Btsa noxious, deadly, ve nomous, poisonous. Btsek to whisper. Bisi with wanton inclina tions. Bising chatter, talking, an irritating noise; to harass. .!ll!!!!! an abscess, a boil. a pimple. Bla or to bring up, to foster, to take care of, to feed, to feed and clothe. Blitchan a condiment made of very small prawns. Blachu mtnyak calico. Blab ""-! and Blah-kan o-'4-4 to separate, to split, to cut in two, to divide, to part. to belch. BI!ijar r.J4 to learn, to study, to practise. Bllika whole; totally, en tirely, altogether.

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    BLA BRA Blil.kang the back, the hinder part, rear. Blanda I.M-4 Dutch. Bl!ing B motley, piebald. Blo\nga Rn earthern pot for cooking. Blanja expense, allowance, wages, charge, cost; to spend money. Blanja-kan cfl;s--..i...L.; to epend money. Bli J.i to buy. Bllong a Malay' hatchet. Blit to twine round, to wind. Blukar f secondary jungle, a thicket, brushwood. Blut or !kan blut o'Y.I an eel. B6chor frY. leaky. B6doh ""..H a fool: unwise, senseless, simple, foolish, silly, stupid. BMong t-'"Y. a squall. a falsehood, a lie; false, untrue. B6kor f y, a bowl. Bola -::iy, (Port.) a ball. Bolong t_,Jy, to anoint, to rub over, to besmear. Born rY. the shaft of a carriage [Not Malay, but understood]. Bomba (Port.) a pump, a squirt, a syringe. Bomo _,.....)-/ a doctor, a surgeon (Natite). Bonda mother. Bongko' a hump. Bongsu A the last born. B6rong t-'JY. by contract (as opposed to working for wages). B6ros U"-'JY. prodigal, extrava gant; to be extravagant. B6tak vwy, bald, hairless. Botol (Eng.) a bottle. [In use in the Straits Settlements.] Boya (Port.) a buoy. Brithi to love ardently. Brl!.ni ._,il;i spirited, courageous, daring, bold, brave, valiant, gallant. Brl\pa 01r. what, how much, how many, as much, as many. Brl!.pa Mrga-nya?-hew much did it cost P Brl\pa suka as many as you like. Brl!.pa Mnyak 0i...:J4 01;-i how many, how much. Mrga
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    BRA -24BRU Brltpa kAii ,1\{ ....:!,! how often. mission to go (a superior speakBrApa lama r':ll uf,l how long (of ing to an inferior). time), for what term. Bri naslhat lSj. to coonBras Lrf,i husked rice. cil, to advise, to pacify. Bras blanda barley, Bri saksi lSj. to testify, oats. to bear :witness. Br!tt "";i weight; heavy, serious, Bri salam r)L.. c5j. to salute. important. Bri salil.mat lSj. to welBrentikan to quell, to come. stop. See Bri lSj. to let for hire. Bri lS;-/ and Bri-kan to Bri soap wl_,.w lSj. to bribe. give, to produce, to yield, to Bri silka elr lSj. to please. supply, to furnish. Bri silmpah lS_r. to admi-Bri hRti j;1.9> c5j. to encourage. nister an oath. [Lit. to give heart.] Bri t.tknt o_,lt lS;-/ to intimiBri Mrti J:f c5_r. to interpret. I, date, to threaten. [Lit. to give to understand.] Bri tau c5j. to inform, to tell, Bri ingat c5j. to caution, to acquaint, -to communicate, to remind. to relate, to proclaim, to make Bri isharat ru.tla d.o c5_r. known, to give notice. to wink. Bri u;)l:; c5 j. ( Ar.) to re-Bri ithin 0..>Jc5;i to permit. pudiate, to divorce. [The acBri ku.tsa Ll"l_,lc5j. o Bri kuolsa tion of the husband.) ka-pada LrY" c5j. to emBriseh "-!:--_r. to clean. [Not Mapower, to authorise. lay, but understood.] makan dl.o c5j. to feed (give Brok a large monkey with to eat). a short tail, often trained to Bri masok w;....l.. c5j. to admit to gather cocoanuts and duriens. a place. Bruang tl,;-i a bear. [Derived Bri ut" lS_r. to give perfrom ruang a hole.

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    BRU -25BUA or bruang, a hole-maker.] Brtlnei J, j. Borneo. Brus Lnj. (Eng.) a brush. [In use in the Straits Settlements.] Bilah !H a qualitative particle used with houses and ships. Btlah a fruit. Bilah anggor grapes. Bilah Mllma a pomegranate. Bt\ah mangga !H or Bt\ah !,!, (Sans.) a mango. [Mangga in Sanskrit means "Unripe," and is the name given for the fruit in Malacca and Singapore; while which is the Sans' krit for "ripe/' is the name used inPinang. Probably when first seen by Tamils in Pinang the fruit was ripe, whilst when first seen in Malacca it was unripe, hence the different names given in the different places. The Malay name is Bt\ah pauh.] Bilah manggis man gusteen. Bilah pUa a nutmeg. Bilah paris u-,} dice. Bt\ah pauh a mango. betel-nut. Bt\ah pinggang the kid-neys. Bt\ah testicles. soah srikaya .JS 1..5j'" a cus tard apple. Bilah yang kras kt\lit & '-""Y.!,l a nut. [Lit. a fruit with a hard skin.] BuRia a crocodile. Buai-an a cradle. BuRi-an jam c.:r"!H a pendu lum (of a clock). Buai-kan to swing. Bt\ang Er' to cast away, to cast out, to expel, to depose, to abolish. Bilang-Mang ayer 71 Ytr. diar rhrea. Bt\ang deri <..5J.> t"r to exile. Bt\ang prum r-'; tr. to sound with a lead, to try the depth. Bt\ang sauh ,_,L..... to cast anchor. Bt\ang-an an outcast. Buang-kan to throw away, to turn out, to banish, to trans port, to erase.

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    -26BUK L!"!ri ravenous (of beasts). o!,--i to act, to do, to per form, to execute, to cause, to make, to build, to effect. baik to treat well. bMgi-an to di vide. [Lit. to make divisions] to pretend, to feign, to sham. to calumniate, to defame, to slander. ta'baik Mngan if..l to ill-treat. to make. Bubo' J.iy. a weevil, a wood-mag got. BO.boh ""-"and to put, to lay, to place, to set. Boboh api c}l set on fire. BO.boh .._;.f" ""-" to seal. Bubo Y.Y. a trap for fish. BO.dak a youth, an atten dant, a menial servant. Bildak joget ._;;< a dancing-girl. Budak laki-laki? Bildak LfrLL ...;;..l>-1 a schoolboy or school-girl in a Malay school. to learn to read the Koran.] Budak 0 1,-...} ...;;..l>-1 a maid, a female attendant. Bfidak yang blajar & ...;;..l-" a schoolboy or school-girl. Budi '--.,)-" reason, understanding. capacity, talents. Bfigis u---4 y-t the name of the people who inhabit the sou thern poriion of the Island of Celebes. Buhi <.?Yor Buweh YJ-1 foam, scum, froth. [The h in Bnhi is silent.] Bfijang a bachelor, a widow';r; single, unmarried. 'Bujor ;?-" oval. Bilka ll>-1 and to open, to undo, to untie, to uncover, to unfold, to untan gle, to unfurl, to loose. Buka kain cr-!15 IS_,. to undress. BO.ka rahsia to disclose a secret. BO.knn d Y. not, is not .. BO.kit Y. a hill. Buku ,_J' y-t a .knot in wood,. the joint of a reed.

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    BUK -27Buku jari <.S;l?-f >! the knuckle, a finger joint. Buku ti\ngan ifl:i f >! the wrist. Bo.lan d>l the moon, a month. Bulan-Mlan rd>l monthly. Blllan Mdap .3.>1.9> d..H or Ba_lan timbul d>l next month. Bulan ini all d>i this month. Bll.lan tJji" d>i to wane (of the moon): Bll.lan tl;_,..j full moon. Bll.lan sudah d>llast month. Bll.lan trang t.? d>i moonlight. Bll.lang to wrap round (as to wrap a handkerchief round the head). Bfilat o-J..H a circle; round, circular. dlinia L,.,.i.> o-J>l the globe. Buli dy. a pot, an ink-pot. Blllih .J>-1 can, will, may, shall; able, possible. Bfilih W .J>-1 subject to, liable to. llfilih nampak -.Ji.4; .J>l visible. Bulu _,J_,... a feather, a quill, the hair of beasts, bristles. Bulu biri-biri _,_i_H woo!. [Lit. the hair of sheep.] Bulu kain d-15 _,J_,... the nap of cloth. Bulu mala ol.o Y>l eyelashes. Bulu rnma Lo_,) Y>i the hair of the body. Bulu ,# Y>i a mane. Bftluh bamboo. Buluh-buluh the wind pipe. Blilftm not yet. Blilftm biAsa lAgi L)'"j t:ft a novice. [Lit. not yet accus tomed or trained.] Blilfim masak ...._..!.. unripe. Blilum .Jj t:ft never yet. [Lit. not yet never.] Bfimi LS"..H the globe, the earth, the world. Bfimi dan langit o'._) L<"..H the universe. [Lit. earth and sky.] Bumbong a roof, the top of a house. Bumbun piled up (as in measuring out anything, when the measure is filled up above the rim). Bftnga L.:i:_,... a flower, a blossom. Bftnga api L L;;>l fireworks, a spark of fire.

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    BUN -28BUR B(lnga chingkeh W;_,..; a clove (spice). B(lnga Urang tJI{ l;;;y, a coral, a sponge. B(lnga mll.dat <::10!.. l;;;y, the opium poppy. B(lnga mawar J-'l.o a rose. B(lnga pll.Ia l;;;y, mace (spice). [Lit. the flower of nutmeg.] B(lnga ros l.nJ \i;y, (Eng.) a rose. B(lnga tahi $l:i l;;;y, angry words. B(lnga Jfi l.,;;y, hard boiled eggs, coloured and stuck on sticks, given to guests at a marriage. B(lnga wang E_,, interest of monev. [Lit. the flower of Bungkar p_,..; and Bungkar-kan cf j:1y, to heave up, to hoist. Bungkar sauh ._,L.. j:1y, to weigh anchor. Bungkus a bundle, a package, a parcel. Bungkus-kan o"--fo_,..; to wrap up, to make a bundle. B(lnoh .Uy, and B(lnoh-kan to slaughter, to kill, to commit murder. B(lnoh diri -s 7-.> .Uy, suicide. Buntar ?>1 round, circular. Bunting pregnant. Bunyi a noise, a sound, a tone. Bunyi-bunyi-an cr-!r music. stern of a ship, the hinder part, rear. B(lrok rotten, worn out, decayed, shabby. B(lrong a bird. B(lrong Mrkek ;r. a snipe. Also in some places called B(lrong B(lrong bllbis a teal. B(lrong chorling &.Jft E.Jr a plover. B(lrong tJT' a horn bill. B(lrong gll.gak ;...;;3L? E.Jy. a rook (crow). B(lrong hantu tJY. owl. B(lrong ktididi tJT' a sandpiper. B(lrong kuang E_l.f tJT' an Ar gus-pheasant. B(lrong laiang-lll.iang E.J_,..: a swallow. B(lrong lltng E.Jy. a kite (bird). B(lrong ...:;-" E.J_,..: a pea cock.

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    -29CH A. Bll.rong j;\3.1' tJj. a tame pigeon. Bll.rong nl!sltr _,=i tJj. (A.r.) a vulture. Bll.rong nuri <.5'),_;_ i:Jj. a parrot. Biirong i:Jj. a large kind of wood-pigeon. Bll.rong pipit E.J,_; a spar-row. Bll.rong punai ...,;..,J i:Jy a green pigeon. Bll.rong puyuh IY.Js E.Jy. a quail. Bll.rong rll.ak-rll.ak r131_,J EJj. a heron. Bll.rong E;,_; a snipe. CMbang '(j"-=?forked; to branch. Chabei 15-4 a chili, capsicum, cayenne pepper. Cht.bok w_y."-=?(Port.) a whip. Chabut <::Jj.4 a tax, duLy, roy alty; to deduct, to subtract, to draw out. Chi\but-kan cPY.i.;:. to unsheath, to pull out. c Bll.rong tlong t_,;; tJY a mina (bird). B(!rut "'-'Jj. ruptured (by disease). Busi 1..5"'>1 bran. Busong tY">i a tumour. Bll.sor j"J-1 a bow for arrows. Bll.suk Wi-y, rotten, decomposed, stale, putrid, foul, rancid, bad. B)l.sut """'">i an ant-hill. blind. Bll.tir p;y, a qualitative particle for grains, &c., as Sa-bll.tir lada-a grain of pepper. Buweh 'Y:f. (See Buhi). Buyong a water-pot. a jug, a pitcher. Chil.chak and CMchak kan to stick in (as a pole). Chachat a blemish, a stain, a spot, an imperfection, a hindrance. Chaching a worm. Chagil.r-an a guarantee. Chi\hia radiance; bright,

    PAGE 44

    CHA -30-CHE shining, glittering, glossy, lu minous, polished. CM.hia bo.lan d.>-! moon light. Chair y.L:;:,liquid, watery. Chakap kuat to speak out. to scratch, to claw. Chakar-kan d fL:;;,to rake. Chltkorwala J!_, _k a sphere. ChlLm to recognise. Champak ...A4 and Champak kan to throw away, to cast away, to waste. Champur to meddle, to mix up, to mash, to interfere; mixed. Champur baur a med ley; promiscuous. Champur-kan to mix. Chamti whip. [Not Ma lay, adopted.] Chandu opium prepared for smoking. Chauei-kan o.L:;:,to polish, to whet, to burnish. Changgong lying very much over (as a tree when fallen almost to the ground). Changkat ""'lG.:;:;-a hill, a rising ground. Changkir A-a cup. Changkul a large and heavy hoe used to do the work of a spade. Chltntas to prune. Chantek pretty, pleasant to the sight, gay in dress, neat. Chltp J...:;:;-a seal, a signet, a brand, a mark. Chilpik in hand or foot. to print, to stamp with a mark, to brand, to seaL Chara manner, fashion, mode, style. Chilri ...s;L:;:,to seek. Charum r-';l.:;;in disorder, with out regularity. Cbarum-kan oM-'..>L:;:,to throw about. Charut o_,..>L:;:,obscene. Chilt =:;:;--(Ch.) paint. Chiltor ;fiL:;:,the game of chess. Chawan 0_,4 a vase, a goblet a cup, a bowl. [This vessel has no stem.] Chehl fye!

    PAGE 45

    CHE -31cm CMkek to choke. Haw, a spot, an im perfection, a crevice, a chasm. CMlak rub on (as ointment or salve). misfortune; wretch 1 Chelek to open (the eyes). to take the feathers off a bird by dipping it in hot water. CMlop ..i_k to dye, to dip. (Hind) a wig. CMmas nearly. jealous. CMmar fi' dirty. CMmar-kan d fi' to defile, to pollute, to soil. a jack fruit [Smaller than the Nangka.] CMndana sandal-wood. CMndlwan fungus, mushroom. CMngkram earnest money. fast, quick, prompt. CMrdek sagacious, clev er, cunning, shrewd, sharp, sly, wily. CMrei <.Sj'r to divorce, to part from. Chijrei Mrei lS;-1 <.Sfo helter skelter, scattered, dispersed. CMrei suau <.Sj'r to wean. to separate (transitive). CMrek a kettle. Cherewet """Y.f'r officious. Cherlt.a or Chitra tale, a. narrative, a story, a legend, a tradition, a fable. CMrmat neat. CMrmin mata oL. f;!>Aj'r spec tacles, eye-glass. CMrmin m6ka ll_,....,. er---r a looking-glass, a mirror. CMrpu slippers, sandals. ]Leather shoes made in Pa lembang with a peg to hold the toes are called Chapel Palembang.] CMrut "-'f'r (Eng.) cigar. CMtok shallow (as & stream). CMtri ..;j:?' (Hind.) an awning. Chtchak a house-lizard. Chlchak 'f::!J' a Hying-lizard. Chichit a great grand child. Chtka colic.

    PAGE 46

    CHI -32CH() Ch'lkar! )'4 (Hind.) hard over! (in steering). Chinchang to hack, to chop up, to cut, to shuftle cards. Chinchang l.ftmat lO.mat to mince. Chinchang-kan slash (cut). Chinehin a ring, a link of a chain. Chinchu a supercargo. Chinta anxiety, regret. Chirit diarrhoea. Chirit bintang p a meteor, a shooting star. Chitra-kan to set out, to state, to relate. Chium a kiss; to smell. Chondong off the straight, leaning to one side; to overhang. Chongkak proud, con ceited. Chonto _,:.:;_,.:;:. a specimen, a sam ple, a pattern, a model, an example. CMp ..J:r:a spade. ChOrak UJft" a design, pattern of cloth or silk, &e. (as the pattern of a sarong). ChOram oft" steep. Choreng streaked (as a tiger). Choring &:)ft" a stain. Chuaeha baik .-:;1ft" fair wea ther, fine weather. Chtiba y_,_:;:,-and yyf.W. to try, to endeavour, to attempt, to make an effort, to tempt, to venture. Chtiban a packing-needle. Chtibit and CMbit-kan to nip, to pinch. Chlichi <.ft_B clean; to clean. CMehi-kan to make clean, to wash. CMchok to poke, to pierce, to prick, to stick. CMchok sanggul J,ba hair-pin. Chlichok-kan to tickle, to thrust, to stab. Chuehu a grandchild. Chlika vinegar. Chukei customs, a tax, an impost, a duty, a toll. Chukei-kan .:#. _,.:;:. to tax. ChO.kor f _,.:;:. to shave. CMkup ..;....=.,_:;:,sufficient, enough.

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    CHU -33-DA1 Chula ':ly. a horn when growing from the centre of the fore head, as Chula bitdaka rhi noceros horn. CMma l.oy. or l.oy.j in vain, uselessly. Chilpak w;.;y. a of ca pacity. [4 Pau make 1 Chilpak, Daching a steelyard (for weighing), scales. Dada IJIJ tho breast, the chest. Dadeh JIJ (Hind.) curdled milk. Dadu (Port ) dice. Daftar (Ar.) a list, a register. Dagang f' J1'J olden times. Dttia <...!'IJ a trick, a stratagem; sly. Daia upaia <...!'IJ resource. Dalang da!ang a maid, a female attendant.

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    DAI -34DAU Daik of or belonging to Dyaks. Daik-the Dyak country. Dairah r.b a district, a pro-vince, a territory. Diiiung tY-1.> an oar. DaiO.skan to taunt. Diikap Jll.> to clasp, to embrace. Diilam depth; deep; amongst, in. Daleh to deny, to prevar icate, to go back on a statement. Dam r" (Port.) the game of draughts. Damar rl.> pitch, resin, a torch. DtLmar M )"I.> a very hard resin obtained from trees, Damdltm a grudge, malice. di1mdl1m to take offence, (more commonly) to bear malice. Damei L.,.--"1.> peace; to make friends. Dami L<"" as soon as, by. Dami Allah-by God. Damikian thus, so, in such manner. Dampar yL.> stranded, washed ashore. Dan 01.> and. Danau a lake. Dapan;>.>otDi-Mdapan;>I.A9>.> before, in front of. Dapat to find, to get. to procure. Dapat to recover, to get back. D.tpat rahsia to dis cover a secret. Dapor J,_jl.> a cooking-place, a fire-place, a furnace, an oven, (a11d so) a kitchen. Dar }.> (Ar.) a city. Dar u' salAm -the city of safety. Dara )" (Sans.) a girl. (Com monly Anak dara, a virgin). Darah ).> blood. Darat 0)..) the shore, dry land, land (opposed to water). Dlts 0w.> a shot from a gun. Diitang ft.:;l.> to come. Diitoh _;j\..) or DMo' grandfather. DMoh nenek _;:;1.>, ances-tors. ))itua ),...c..> (Ar.) to lay a com plaint, to prosecute. Orang daua or Yang adu an the complainant. Daud ..,_,.,;.., David.

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    DAU -35-DER Daulat ( Ar.) prosperity. Daun kRyu_,, 0_,1..> a leaf. Daun teh ...;; 0_,1..> tea leaves. Dauat H_,l..> (Dil.wat) (Ar.) ink. Dawei <..:_,1..., wire. j.-> See _,;..> dust. j.J" ..>stubborn, self-willed, refractory. Dek t!l...!-> (Eng.) the deck of a ship. [In use among sea-faring Malays.] d..> near, almost, close. pomegranate. f""'> fever. kora I;:/ I"""" ague. 1-N..> a fine. c/1-N..> to fine. rN.:. to desire, to long for; a longing, regret. if-> and, with. gopoh ,..._,..s-if-> rashly, hastily. kuat kuil.sat.rY o!,>if->. by force, "Vi et armis." sa-pil.tut-nya if-> justly. 0:1:.> quickly, at once, with haste. )v..;;__ a--:1:.> in proportion. if-> secretly. sll.ka lo!)_,... if-> volunta rily. t!Ma ->W. if-> withont (not with). trang t_; if-> openly. }-> to hear, to listen. envy. to snore. to buzz, to hum. See a fathom of 6 feet. to punish, to torture, to inconvenience. )..> and .A...;).> from, than. Deri il.tas from off, from the top. from out. mftna 0l. whence. Deri from the South. thence. Deri-pAda waktu since. '(!,)..> the face, visage. tintang to gaze upon the face.

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    DER -36-DIL Derma O'..l (Sans.) charity, alms. 0,L.;-' (Sans.) charitable, liberal. pintu _,;.:;.> threshold. country, territory. Dewa !,!0 (Sans.) a fairy. DMbi .:5:/-' (Hind.) a washer-man. Di ...> at, iD, on. Di darat o;'-''"' on shore, inland. Di makan polong c:fL.-' enchanted, bewitched. [Lit. con sumed by a witch's familiar spirit.] Di rllmah ""-';-' at home. Di sa'blah beside, beyond. Di ulu _,.J_,I0 inland, up-country, in the interior, up-river. Di htlir-down-river. Dla ..s..l he, she, it, they, him,.her. Dia orang tJ'' ..s-' they. Dla punya ..,_,; ..s-' his, her, their. [The constant use of punya to indicate the possessive is in elegant and unusual. The best and commonest form of expres sing the possessive is by pla cing the pronoun after the substantive, as Rllmah dla his or her house.] Dla ..sp.A.i..w ..s-' himelf, herself, itself, themselves. Diam r!-' silent, still, quiet; to live, to dwell. Diam! rl-' hush! be silent! Diam di 0 .-,!-' to inhabit, to live at. Di-atas v-....:ib on upon, over, above. Di-Uas angin to wind ward (Lit. above wind). Di-bawah ''Y-' down, below, un derneath, inferior (in station), tributary. Di-bliwah angin l:f-,11 ''Y-' to lee ward. Di-blakang behind, astern. Di-buntut o_,..;.:...;.>+' and Di'ekor astern, in the stern, at the er.d. Di-daJam in, within, inside, internal. Di-dalam sllsah IJ.w_,.suffer, to be in trouble; troubled. Dlen a!-' a candle. Di-Mdap ..j,..)L9>0 ahead, in front. Di-Mdap-an in the presence of. Dilapan 0;,-:j-' eight. Di-IIiar }_,J..l out, outside, without.

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    D!M -31DUL Dl-mAna 0L...l where. Dlna l..y..l common, mean, igno ble. Dinding partition (of a building). Dinding batu F..l a stone or brick wall. DinihAri 1.3;'...9
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    DUL -38-so kala _,)_,.> of yore, olden times, formerly. Dunia W<> the earth, the world. Dupa l.ii_,.> incense. Duri '-"J-'<> a thorn. ll:kor Jf-1 a tail; also a qualita tive particle for human beings birds, beasts, and fishes. Eta (Port.) a yard. :Eiah &.41 a stratagem. Elmu r-.Lc (Ar.) art, scienoe, wis dom, learning. Elmu klra k\ra the science of accounts, arithmetic. Elmu nujO.m r-.Lc astro logy. Elmu pl;).yar-a'! 0f,:l:U the science of navigation. ll:!ok ..::;_,41 pretty, fine, handsome, splendid, grand, pleasant to the sight, welldone. Elok paras Lr)> lovely. ll:nak good, nice, pretty. E Duri Iandak ....:;..>..AJ '-"J-'<> porcu pine's quills. Durien 0":.1-'<> the durien (lit. the thorny fruit). DO.sun a""-'<> an orchard. Endap to waylay, to lie in wait for, to lie in ambush, to lurk. Endor '-"'wl a cradle. Endong sutra E the cocoon of the silkworm. reject, to refuse. Enggang or Bfirong eng gang, the horn bill. Engus U"_,Jyl a running at the nose common in horses and very like glanders. Entah I don't know. ll:ra to care, to mind, to heed. ll:sok the morrow, to morrow, some time hence. Esok Mri <.:}g, Wi--:!1 next day.

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    FAA -39-GAG Fiial j..a; (Ar.) conduct. Faidab (Ar.) success, profit, advantage. Fakir y.# (Ar.) a religious mendicant. Fad l.AO (Ar.) destroyed. Farsi L;"'} (Ar.) a Persian. Fasitl (Ar.) a reason, a cause, a subject, a matter, a chapter, a section; respecting, with re gard to. Fasitl yang ka'tlga thirdly. Fittithah (Ar.) the.upper vowel marks. (Ar.) to care. GAdeiL.-...>11 and GAdei-kano'40l1 to pawn. GAding t7-0l1 the tusk of an ele phant, ivory. Gi\.doh-kan to storm at. F G to heed, to mind. -what need you care? l'i' (Ar.) to understand. 0!0;-> (Ar.) sole. dba mantri-the prime min ister. Flkir (Ar.) to think, to be lieve, to suppose, to imagine, to consider, to reflect, to pon der. F!kir-au (Ar.) idea, opinion, thought. F'lrd&us t.r-'0}' (Ar.) paradise. Firtl.z J-'f' (Ar.) turquoise. ,.;.;.;; (Ar.) libel, calumny obloquy, scandal. G&gah ..?Ll' force, prowess; bold, brave, spirited, courageous, powerful, strong; to force, to compel. GAgak a crow (corvus).

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    GAG -40GAN J.-!LS' to stammer, to stutter. Gttjah ..,..tJ an elephant, the piece in chess called the Bishop. Gitji <.?-LJ salary, wages. [Pro bably from the English ges".] rjli pitch, resin. Gillah ..;i_j' a pole for a boat. [A pole, generally, is kt.yu.] w;.Jli accustomed. Gt.lang to prop by placing something underneath, to put in dock. Gtl.langgang a cock-pit, a place for fighting rams, bulls, or any beasts or birds. Gali ,1li to dig. Gitmak ....;;....LS' to fear, to hesitate. Glimar hati j:l9 _,.3' pleased, delighted. Gambang F to play with sticks on inverted metal bowls or wooden notes. Gambar a portrait, a like ness, a picture, a painting. Gambir gambier (a dye extracted from the leaves of the gambier shrub). Gambus Ll"y,.J' a kind of violin with three strings. An Arab instrument. Gamitra rage, passion. Gampang easy. Gitnas u-ili ferocious; also used of persons in the sense of wicked. Ganda double. Gandum (Pers.) corn, wheat. Ganggang /
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    GAN -41-GEN Ganti-kan replace (transitive) to shift, to change. Gantong-kan to hang (transitive), to suspend, to post pone. Giiram 013 salt. Gilram-kan to pickle. Garang E_):I fierce, savage, fero-cious. G;hing-kan to scorch, to singe. GtLris l.r-')13 a score, a mark. Garis-kan to score, to mark. Garo' ;)13 hoarse: Garn-kan r:/,)-3' to scrape, to cratch. kdda -a curry-comb. GIJ.sak -..Ji,.wl3 to strike. GIJ.sing f:t-13 a spinning top. GiLtal J.:>'L? itchy. Gaung t 5L.J a low sheltered place. Gawei 13,13 (Port.) the top-sail. Gaya ..sLS to keep time to music, to beat time, to conduct music. Gilyong tJ-!13 a ladle. Jy.;.? (Eng.) governor. GMong e_,o.W' a warehouse, a storehouse, a factory, an office. sinjUa e_,u-3 a magaziue for arms. wJ:? a shock, a concus sion. a book-maggot. p to pulsate, ,to throb, to vibrate (as a steamer). title. d. ;:s to give a title. }J3 a beam, a rafter. Tf.;J3 to slip (as in walking). JW' a carbunclo (the stone). Gl\mbltla a shepherd, a herdsman, a driver. Gl\mbltla gajaha mahout. ._;;,;;JJ...? to chatter (as the teeth). u_,..S' fat, stout, plump. liJ' an earthquake. .}.41" a lump. Gl\mpar p a tumult, a riot, an outcry. .J..;.J complete, perfect, even (in number); entirely. Gl\ndang a Malay drum, a tambourine. Gl\ndut o,.wthe skin of the stomach hanging in folds.

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    GEN -42-GON fist; to grasp in the hand. Genggong t_P a Jaw's harp. a furnace. LM.? (Hind.) a bell. t: :. : ; ? a tile, a ridge, an isthmus. a gimlet. Gerek to pierce, to bore. a table fork. tftiS / a saw; to saw. J the grhtder-tooth. [Sound the h.] Gcrhlina 01..9>} (Hind.) an eclipse. [The Malay form for eclipse is Di mlikan rauh.] to .pur, to stamp. Gesek to play on a stringed instrument, to rub one thing against another. GHah d gutta, sap, gum, rubber. Gharu .-';4J'" o Kliyu gharu -';liJ lignum aloes (a va luable wood which when burnt emits a fragrant perfume). Gtgas a moth. Gigi t#. a tooth. Gigi sri I..S;"' .__M the front tooth. Gigi tAring 6'} ._Pthe eyetooth. Glgir p to squeak. Glgit to bite. Glla. mad, insane, delirious, lunatic. Glla-brt.hi infatuated. Gllang .. ? to glitter. Gllang & to sparkle, to twinkle (as a star); dazzling. Glling. t: 1 .. ? and grind. Gllir #_a turn, a watch on duty. Glak -...; to laugh. Glambir the wattles of a cock's throat, the folds of skin on an animal's throat. Glang a bracelet. Gliip _jjJ dark, obscure. Gli L$ ticklish; to start when touched. Gli-kan to tickle. Gl6joh ...,.._,1? (Port.) a glutton. a wave. G6choh'9-";?to strike with the fist. G6lek to roll as a boat. G6lok w;.J_,.(a bill hook, in Perak a chopping knife, in a dagger. Gondah hliti JL9> ..M?, suspense; to be in suspense.

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    GON Gong t._f'. a gong. -43GUS Goni a sack. Gopoh ..ii_,? hurry. GOring tf;f' fry, to broil. Gosok ....:J--_,_3 and Gosok-kan c:JJi-;? to brush, to scrub, to stroke, to rub. Goyang to rattle, to jolt (both usually intransitive). Goyang ekor ;rYI to wag the tail. Goyang IOcheng to ring a bell. Goyang-kan to shake (transitive). Grak-kan wake (transitive), to rouse. !.?.'.}. (Port.) a church. Oring sick (said of Rajas). Grus U"!J J shining as a :Sugis strong. U"!J;.:a,. to give the cloth this appearance. Glla 1:7. (Hind.) a cave. Gtlgor-an premature delivery. sugar. Gllla bil.tu ":ll_,$' sugar candy. Gule d,J t.he meat, vegetable, fish, or fruit eaten with rice, what Europeans call <
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    HAB -H-HAM H!bis l..!""-11..9> done, finished: ut terly, then, after that. Hilbis-kan conclude, to finish, to waste, to squander, to throw away. Hablok (Hind.) mousecolour. H:l.boh dust. Haboh kayu sawdust. (Ar.) an Ethiopian. Habu cinders, ashes. Habuan a share, a division. a portion, a parcel. Hadap-an dl..,\9> front. H!tdiah "--,!..,\9> ( Ar.) a gift, a pre sent, a reward. H:l.iat life. Hairan extraordinary, strange, curious. [See the Ma l ay form Reran]. Haiwan (Ar.) a beast. Hajat ==:-!.:> ( Ar.) a purpose, an intention, a want; to to intend. Haji (Ar.) a pilgrimage, a Muhammadan pilgrim. [The H title ofHaji is only given after the pilgrimage has been per formed.] H.tkim fi.:> (Ar.) a judge. Hiil Jl.:> (Ar.) an affair, a case, a circumstance, a matter, a device, a contrivance. Hal ahuai J!,;-1 Jl:> (Ar.) affairs, state, condition. Hallll JJG.. (Ar.) lawful, legitiHalaman O"'Jlg> a courtyard. Halau and Halau-kan c/ to drive, to expel, to drive back, to repel. Halia ginger .. Hallpan a centipede. Halua (Ar.) a preserve (sweetmeat). Haluan 0 1y.> the prow, the fore part of the ves.sel. Halos Lr_,JL9> fine (in texture), low (in voice), amiable. Hamba ._,....;...g> a slave, a menial servant [Hamba tftan is the common expression used to

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    HAM -45HAR signify the first personal pro noun when an inferior addres ses, orally, or in writing, one much his superior. r Ham to chase. Ham bat sampei dO.pat to overtake. Hambat-kan to pursue. Hambor scatter, to sow. j...l:> (Ar.) pregnant. Ham to spread out. Hampir almost, near (in time). Hamzah the orthographical mark < which gives to the syl lable over which it_ is placed a short sound as of final k. Hanchor to melt, to break to pieces; molten, broken up, ground to pieces. Handak ..y,JV..9 to wish, to intend, to mean, to propose, to desire, to need, to want. Handei L-...>.;$ a friend. (Usually coupled which has much the same meaning.] Hang t? you. Also Angkau, Kau, Kamu, Mika and others. Hangat hot, warm. Hangus to burn, (intJ"al!sitive); scorched. Hangus-kan to singe. Hantam (Hind) to knock with the fist. Hantu _,M9> a demon, a devil, an evil spirit, a ghost, a phantom. HO.nyut adrift; to drift [The h is usually silent.] HO.nya only, saving, except. Hfipak rank in smell. Hli.pus to abolish, to efface, to blot out. HO.pus luat o!,J satisfied. Haraf Wj> (Ar.) a character, a letter. [Plural Huruf.] Harli.m r'f> (Ar.) unlawful, for bidden by Muhammadan law. Hli.rap hope; to hope. Hirap O.kan dlltang o-S'' t>"l-.) to expect a person. Hli.rap ka-pli.da ... \05' trust in, to rely upon. HarO.p-an reliance, trust; sure, faithful, trusty. Hli.ri, Hli.ri li.had Sunday. Hari b1llan c;rlY. date. Hari Xthnain Monday. Hari Friday.

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    .HAR -46HAri khamis 1_-.> Thurs day. Hi\ri kiAmat """'W the last day, the end of the world, Hari minggo _,..JU., '-"JU> (Port.) Sunday. Hari rabu Wednesday. Hari ri\.ia a festival day. H&ri sabtu Saturday. Hliri salasa or thallitha Tuesday. Harimau -""'J' a tiger. Harong to wade. Harus l.I"-'JL;> needful, necessary, right, proper; ought. Hasil (Ar.), revenue, cus-toms, a tax, an impost. Rasta a cubit. H!l.thar .f'l.:> ( Ar.) present. Hl\tharat "J""'>'> (Ar.) in the pre-sence of. Hatharkan ..:/ r""l.:> to provide, to get ready. Hati the heart, the liver. Hati pi\nas .....,...;t:; passionate. Haus thirsty. Hawa!,; (Ar.) wrath. Hawa nafsu !,; (Ar.) carnal affections, lust, passions, de sires. Hebat hand some. Hei!$ Oh!. the Muhammadan era. .).# and to drag, to haul. a qualitative particle used with pieces of cloth or sheets of paper. Dt\a Mle kain slirong-two sarongs. Tlga Mle three sheets of paper. Hemat saving, frugal, thrifty, provident. to blow. J;lemoe shameless, impor tunate. U"'49> to dash, so throw down. Hengga and Hengga sam pei till, until, as far as. to stamp with the feet, to trample in anger. pure, clear. Reran queer, curious, strange, singular, remarkable, wonderful, marveilous; ama zed, surprised.

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    HER -47cost, value, price, rate, charge. estate, property, means. Mnda o,-' posses sions, property, goods, things. meaning; to signify, to understand. signification, meaning. Herut wry. Hetong to reckon, to enu merate. Hi.ts-i L.,...L,.,g> decorated, adorned. Hias-kan .;:j-L,.,g> to ornament, to adorn. Hldong the nose. Hldup alive, fresh (of fish); to live. green (colour). Hikiiiat """'"u;:,. (Ar.) a history, a narrative. Hikmat (Ar.) magic. Hllang lost, dead; to lose, to dis.appear, to forfeit, to die. Hllang ehahia to be come tarnished. Hllang di m.tla oW vanish. Hllir to go down-stream, to descend a river. Himpun-an cri# a collection. Himpun-kan a"# to muster, to assemble, to gather to gether, to collect. Hlna ignoble. Hlna dlna ()"'!-' a mob, a rabble. Hinggap to perch (of birds). Hltam black. [The h is usually silent.] Hormat (Ar.) honour, reverence, respect. .... ..=>.to revere, to venerate. Hoyong t)"-1' to reel, to stagger. Hrazi '-"J\..s; (Ar.) victorious. Huap 1.3Y vapour, stea':" Hildang gi\lah ..SlS t>Y' a lobster, (crayfish). Hudei <.S"'Y' wild tribes. Hudoh -'Y' awkward, ugly. Hiljan <:ftY' rain; to rain. Hujan M tu _,:;y &Y' hail. Hiljan bubo' 'Y-!;1 <:ftY' Scotch mist.

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    HtJJ -48iKA Hll.jan hambat raining in short showers with dry intervals. Hll.jan M cf""_,9'heavy rain. Hiljan rinyei l.S":.> Q'?"Y heavier than Hiljan rintek. HOjan tiil.da Mlih cMlek mMa ""l.o ..Sy, ..ll,:i Q'?"Y rai ning cats and dogs. Hokum (Ar.) an order, a rule, a sentence, a judgment, a penalty. ia l.SI he, she, him, her. or !ani (A.r.) that is to say, namely, videlicet. Iakub (Ar.) Jacob. Iakut (Ar.) a garnet, a white sapphire. Iblis satan, the devil. Ibu y.-:!1 mother. Ihu Mpa y.-:!1 parents. Ibu jari l.SJ4-y.-:!1 the thumb. Ibu c.s->1>' y.-:!1 the great toe. !bur to soothe. Hukum-kan to punish. Hulu _,jy> up-stream, up-country, the interior; the handle of a weapon, the haft of a knife or tool. HuluMlang t-JL.U...9> a royal guard. l.oy> a dry rice-field. Hunchui l.S7-f.;.g, (Ch.) a smok ing-pipe. Huru hara to brawl. Huruf (Ar.) letters, cha racters, [Singular, Haraf.] Idar to revolve, to go round. idup alive. Ija l?:.l to spell. 1kal curled (as hair). ikan dY.I a fish. ikan bawal dY.I the pomfret, called the best sea fish to be got in the Straits. [There are also ikan blil.nak, ikan giri, ikan slangin, ikan mGrah, ikan l!dah, which are con sidered good.]

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    lKA. -49lkan blot o_,.li o'Y-1 an eel. 1kan kaloe o'Y-1 kala we, an excellent fresh-water flh, some times called kalus lkan kring or masin c.r.,..L. dried or salted fish. lkan merah the red mullet. lkan pari o'Y-1 a skate fish, a ray fish. tkan pans o'Y-1 a whale. lkan :>;4the sl!b!rau, a fresh-water fish that eau be caught with a minnow or spoon bait. lkan yu y. o'Y-1 a shark. lkat to tie, to bind, to fasten, to build. !kat pinggang a belt. lkut to follow. ImAm (A.r.) a priest. [The lmftm leads the prayers in the mosque or elsewhere. TheKha t i b is under the ImAm; he is the preacher, and expounds the KorAn in the mosque. The Bilal is under the Khatib, and his duty is to call the people to prayers. The Slak is under the Bilal, and has charge of the mosque, and performs the mi nor offices.] Iman 0i.....ll (A.r.) religious faith. Inche' ._.; a gentleman, a lady ; mistress, mister Incbi ._,.,"7..;1 (En g.) an inch lndah .VUI uncommon, rare, (an d so) lndah-indah r ..>UI precious. Ingat to remember, to re collect, to mind, to heed, to consider. lngatingat to take care. Ingat-kan to observe, to heed, to remind. Ingin to desire, to Ini a!' tbis, these. Ini-pun t!dak itu-pun tldak neither thi nor that. Injil (Ar.) the Gospels. Inkar _,j:-JI (Ar.) to disobey, to transgress. Insha-allah .J.I ,L;:;.._;I (A.r.. ) God willing Intan d'll a diamond. Intei ._.,.:.:;1 to spy, to peep, to pry. lpar brother-in-law by sister' side. lpar 0t,a..} sister in-law.

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    1PO -50JAB lpoh vegetable poison, the upas tree, lrek-kan to trample. lring t7-y.l or &..f.'i.o to follow, to accompany. lris '-"'Y.I or U"y.i.o to shred. lrit "'-';:!1 to drag after, to trail. lrus Lr-'F-1 to sprinkle. lsang the gills of a fish. Ish!irat "'-';l.;:;l (Ar.) a hint. Ishiirat mata ""I.. "";l.;:;l a wink. lsi L...-.1 a kernel, the inside or contents of anything; full, solid, loaded. lsi kawin marriage portion. Jabat =-1l=?-to, touch, to hold, to feel. Jabat tangan 0:i;.l:i =-1l=?to shake hands. JaMt-an .;J'4 a profession, a calling. [This is a common method of forming a substan tive from the radical in Malay, and it may bo taken as a rule lsi ._..--1 the damned, lsi rll.mah "--"-'; family. household. lsi-kan to fill, to load. Islam tJL.I (Ar.) Muhammadan. Istambul (Ar.) Constantinople. Istri w;_rl (Hind.) wife. Istrika UY,_rl (Hind.) an iron; to iron. [Lit. wife's work.] ltam manis brown. ltek a duck. ltek jantan a drake. Itu =-,!1 it, that, those. !thin, 0JI (Ar.) leave, permis sion. Iusuf (Ar.) Joseph. that the accent will, as in this case, be moved, the penulti nate, in the substantive, be coming long, thus: Jabat, J a bat-an; K.tsih, Kaslh-an; Pll. tar, Putaran; Pichah, Piohah an. In conversation it often happens that this long penul timate is pronounced short, as

    PAGE 65

    JAB -51JAL Kas1h-an instead of Kaslh-an, which is tho really correct form, while Pichllh-an and not is almost universal. Anotherpcrhaps wore common way of forming a subatantive is to prefix "ka," as well as to affix uan" to the radical, thus: PO.tus, Ka-putO.s-an (also pronounced ka-putus an or ka pO.tus-an);Tumboh,Ka-tumboh an; al waya pronounced with the accent equally placed throughout, or with a slight stress on the anti penultimate. Here again it will be seen how impossible it is to lay down a bard and fast rule, bot when the radical is not itself the substantive, the latter is commonly formed in one of the two ways above described, or, in particular cases, by pre fixing or other letters as hereafter stated under P. For pronunciation the safest rule is to put the accent on the first syllable in dissylla bles, and on the penultimate in polysyllables, though many exceptions will be met with, such as Ka-bakti-an, Plpis kan, &c., where nothing but practise will teach accurate pronunciation.] J&di '-'"'-'!.::to become. J!di-kan make, to create, to invent. J!ga 3:..:,.. (Hind.) to take care, to mind to look after, to over look, to beware, to guard, to tend, to awake, to wake up. baik baik r..JY\. 34 be watchful. Jll.gong f .?L:;-Indian coro,maize. Jllhat :i ::naughty, hurtfcl, noxious, wicked, "Vicious, "file, bad, profligate. Jail to sew. See jait. Jail-an if-<1.::sewing. J akun ofl::wild tribe. Ja!a ':liL::(Hind ) a casting net Jll.lan a path. a passage, a way, a street, a road, a device, a method, a contrivance; to proceed to advance, to go on. Jil.lan cMla.h Mkit'4 Y. oli..:: a pass between hills

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    JAL -52-JAR J iilan raia; c;r-l4 a public road, a highway. Jiilan trus t.r:'J:i'' c:r-l4 a short cut. [Jiilan trus lit. the straight road.] Jiilang t:Jl.::-a prostitute, a cour tesan. Jalin to fasten together (as rattans for chics, or split nibongs for a floor). Jalor JYL:;> a small boat, a dug-out Jam r (Pers.) an hour, a clock, a watch. Jamah ... L:;> to touch. Jamba ..,.....::-a made shelter. Jamban necessary-house, a floating bath-house. (Hind.) a guava (fruit). Jambul tassel, a whisk of feathers, the crest of a bird, a single lock of hair. Jiimin l:f.,o"L:;> bail, security. Jiimong tY'l.::-a torch. J ampi '-.,:4::to blow in the face of a sick person, after the man ner of Malay doctors. Jiimu-an 0!,-oL:;>a feast. orang tJ'I r4>w to enter tain people. Janda l..M:;a widow. Jiingan ifl.::-do not. J anggal j..l_.;;.:;(Hind.) discor dant. Jaoggut a beard. ;r;;;;gkal.JC...L:;compasses (divi ders). Jaogkat hallow (not deep). See also Tijhor and Chetek. Jangkit infec tious. Jaoji to promise. Jantan masculine; a man. Jantong EF the heart (ana tomically). Jantong Mtis the calf of the leg. J!rang [}-:;seldom, unusual, rarely; loose (in texture), wide apart. Jo\rang diipat iUI.) E.Jl.::-scarce, rare. (also plek-plek). Jari <.SJl.::--' a finger, an inch. Jari lSJL:;>the middle finger. Jari kaki <.S)l.::-a toe.

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    JAR -53--Jari kalingking '-"Jl.:,the little finger. Jari mfinis 1.5}--"?the fourth finger. Jari 1.5}-=?the fore finger. Jaring a net for birds or beasts. J arum a needle. Jarum a pin. Jasa U"t.:,. merit. J ati L;."\.;;-or Kayu jati L;."\.;;-y..'6 teak wood. Jatoh .... :iL=:to ,fall, to drop, to turn ble, to fail in business. Jauh ._,L:,. distance; far, distant, remote (in position). Jauh ._,L:,.late at night. Jauh-kan diri deri-pAda L.!'.f..) to shun. Jawa 1,4Java; Javanese. Jawab Y!P.{Hind.) a reply, an answer: to answer. See also SMut und Jawi '-"-'4Malay vernacular. Jaya 1.5l.:,to win, to succeed, to secure one's object. '--'4=:a trap for birds. t'P." (Ar.) perdition. a territory, a province, a tract of land. a stack of paddy. "-"4 (Ar.) a society. (Ar.) Friday. a hridge, a pier, a wharf, a jetty. Lk a spangle. .. "-4 the sum, the whole, the total. add (as in arithmetic), to total. ),....._::-and .;:/),..=:to expose to the sun, to dry in the sun. 04 a jest. Orang fika, a jester. a kind, a sort. (Ar. Jins; Lat. Genus). r a span measured from the end of the thumb to the end of the middle finger -2 make I hasta (the length from the elbow joint to the end of the middle fin ger); and 4 hasta make 1 Mpa or fathom of 6 feet. (Hind.) an engine, a weaVer's loom.

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    -54-. JUA o_,W machine. to invite. J ert.gan ,,SI,=?the master of a vessel or boat. tr a rapid in a stream. L<""fr.-straw. o;=:-a noose, a snare. catch in a snare. biitu _,:,1,. o_,fr.-a pim ple. [In the face, Jeri\wat; be low the waist, Bisul.] l3_,.Y';-'?" a helmsman. [Contracted from J uru kamll. di.] pure, clear, transparent, limpid. w_,r. pickles. <.;;NO-'ft' to darn. Jljak reach. [Only used when measuring or reaching downwards.] Jika P(Pers.) a jeweller. Joran o)Y. a fishing-rod. Jori <..!';)-'?" (Hind.) a pair (of horses). Jll.a !,:?-and .lip likewise, also, too, still, yet. Ju:l.dah ->!,--:?(Pers.) a cake J ui\dah E_ju ->!,:?pastry.

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    JtJA -55-KAJ ilal J!,.;> to sell. Jilal-an .}!,.:;> a sale. Judi or Main judi .__...>p. to gamble. J(llang to toss (as a bull), to carry astride. squinting, askance. J umpa to meet. Junjong to bear on the head. Ka IS to (where there is motion), I towards, as Give to tt.t.pMa dla. Go to Singapore ka' Singapilra. Ka'atas upwards. Ka' 0L.J where, whither. Ka'mil.ri ..s;L.s' hither. <::f":A.-5' to the South. Ka'slni Ka'tlga Kiiabah (Ar.) the temple at Mecca ). siill-born. [See Jabil.t-an for this and many of the following substantives. K Juntei to bang down; dangling. See Juru 'Jfr a manager, a director J uru bh&sa L!"4-! :>;)'?' an inter preter. Juru tillis a writer a clerk. Jut ""-""" (Hind.) a trace, (har ness). Juta million. Juz f?' (Ar.) a chapter. The prefix of the particle ka" either alone, as in Ka-handak, inclination, or by far more frequently accompanied by the affix uan," as in grandeur; Ka-lil.ku-an, con duct; Ka-rilgi-an, loss; and many others, is a common method of forming a substan tive from the radical.] Ka-bakti-an ess, good deeds, piety. Ki!bal J..oS' invulnerable. Ka-Mnyak-kan cfi4.L-f common. See Aiak-kan.

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    KAB -56-KAI Kab&ya l54l an outside upper garment worn by women, a long jacket. [Not Malay, but understood.] Ka-Mjik-an (Jav.) wel fare, good deeds. Ka-Msar-an dignity, state, pomp, grandeur. Ka-bOdoh-an cl'-'y.J folly. Kabor ;:f.' dim-sighted, dim. Kabu-kabu G-1' cotton. [This cotton is too short in the fibre to weave, but is used for stuff ing pillows and mattresses J KabO.l (Ar.) to comply, to consent, accept. Ka-bulor-an ravenous (very hungry). K!tbun 0y.-) a garden, a plantation. Ka-Mnoh-an 0Q>_,.iy..l massacre. Kil.bus crY.' dusk. Kabul O>i' mist, fog, haze. Kacha '?;,' (Sans.) glass, a bottle. Kt.chak vain, conceited, smart (finely dressed). Kil.chang &ll a bean, pea. [A general term for allseeds in pod.] Kachang-kachangr&llsmallshot. _,:::,-1>' disturbed, confused, in disorder. Kil.chau-kan cf _,.:;:,-1>' to stir (as in cooking), to ruffie, to confuse, to perplex, to put in disorder. Kachit (Jav.) scissors for cutting betul-nut. Kachok-kan to mix. Ka-chliba-an o'YJf.S a trial, an experiment. Ka-chliri-an d:JJf.S theft. Kadang-kadang rt_..>ll now and then, sometimes, occasionally. Ka-dlia-nya KiW(n .::J6' (Ar.) grave cloths, a shroud for a corpse. K.tf1r (Ar.) an infidel, an unbeliever, (other than a Mu hammadan). Kafri (Port.) a negro. Ka-gligoran oY _,...ts' a miscar riage. Kah ....S an interrogative affix. Ini-kah? is this it? Ka-hil.dap-an dl in the pre sence of. Ka-handak a wish, a de sire an inclination, a purpose, an intention. Ka-h!dup-an alivelihood. Kahlia coffee. Kail ..\-,!<1>' a fish-hook.

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    KAI -57KAK Kain cloth, stuff. Kain chAw11>t o.)l:;:.-0., a clont, a bathing cloth. Kain ch!ta c::r.ll chintz. Kain di pApan gQJong dlil t:J}' a web (in weaving). Kain (Ar.)muslin. Kain I ol. yar f. 'J c::r-1 can vas. [Lit. sail-cloth.] Kain Mpao v--iU c::r.ll a scarf, a loose garment used as a mantle. Kain o'JI.} c::r.ll undress as distinguished from uniform, [Eng. ufree man" Malayificd.J K&in sol.rong ;;.,).a elrong (the Malayan national dress), a skirt. Kain slten (.rlll aatin Kain slendanjt a ecarf, a sash, a mantle. Kain sllmot o_,...,L. c::r.ll a quilt, a heel, a coverlet. Kain slitra J_r (Hind.) silk. Kain tQdong Jlli' f:>.ii c::r.ll a veil wound round the head and face, partly concealing the features Ka-ingat-an memory. Kait and Kait-kan to catch hold of a bough with a pole, to hook on. Ka-jlilitt-an vice, evil, wickedness. 1.54'-l (Hind.) a halter (horae). K.tjang roofing-mat, an awning. [A most useful con trivance made of leaves, and uecd for boat or cart It folds up, and in the jungle answers the pur pose of a tent.] Kaji LS'?'ll to learn (as a scholar). Kol.kak 0U1s' elder sister Kakanda eldr brother or eieter (usually of Rol.jas). Kol.kap J51{ a ecout. Ka-kll.eih sweetheart; favourite, darling. KakatQa Ka -Uya-an wealth, riches. K.tki Lft the foot, the paw, a eland, a pedestal, a foot in measurement. K.tki ufiS' the fore paw, fore-foot Klki d1en a candlestick. Klki langit ho rizon.

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    KAK -58-KAM Kaki-lllint:J;WL,!IS a candlestick. Ka-kras-an o-Y'l violence. Kaku ft cramp. Ka-kuat-an force, strength. Kala (Hind.) period, time. Kalah ,.)])'to lose, to be vanquished (a!ah). Kalajinking j!S a scorpion. J{a-laju-an of_,-:?')ll speed (espe cially of a vessel). Ka-laku-an 0 1,_s')ll conduct, be-haviour, manner. Klil!tm (Ar.) a pen. K!Ulim a steel-pen. IGWtm bulu ,.Jy, a quill-pen. KiLl am bu y..J> a mosquito curtain. J{lilamdan 01-.W> a box, a trunk. [Only used of small boxes. Pro bably derived from uKalam" (Ar.) a pen, and uDan" (Per.) a box, thus the whole word would mean a writing-box or case.] Ka lapar-an o!f)llbunger, famine. Kalau,.JIS if. an ass. o9')lli trouble (in the sense of
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    KAM -59-KAKamO.diL-c0_,..)the helm, a rudder. KamO.di-kan to steer. Ka-mula-an c/':ll_,_...l commencement, beginning. Ka-mtilia-an o"W honour, dig nity, glory. Kamuncbak .J.;f.,;..,S the summit, the top of a hill. Ktmus v-Y'I> a dictionary. Kan d an affix: which almost invariably gives to a substan tive, adjective, or other part of speech whieh will admit the addition of this particle, the meaning of a transitive verb. Thus: Jtlan, a road, or to walk -Jalan-kan to cause to go on, to carry on; Kanching, a bolt Kanching-kan, to fasten; kan, to make known, to pu blish;Kuat,strong-Kuat-kan, to make strong, to strengthen; Ampun, pardon or to pardon, Ampun-kan, to pardon; Atur, arranged, or to arrange-Atarkan, to arrange. It sometimes happens that to form the tran sitive verb, the prefix "mtim," or other form, is placed before the ra dical, whilst the affix ukan" is added as before, thus Msar-kan. [See under M.] Ktnak-Unak J.ilS a baby, an infant. KtLnan 0 ..;!!' right (opposed to left), the starboard, the right hand side. Kanching k.;..S a button, a buckle, a bolt, a fastening. Kanching Mju k....;.S a stud, a button. Kandang a stable for cattle, enclosure. Kandang Mlan dJ-1 the halo of the moon. Kandang btilat a ring, a circle. Kandar J..>-;....j to carry on the shoulder with a stick. E (Jav.) a bridle. Kangkang to straddle, to ex:tend the legs Hence Rantei kangkang-leg irons. Kanji (Sans.) starch. Ka-nyata-an evidence, proof, a notification. Ka-pMa ...)to, unto, [See Ka].

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    KAP -60KAKApak an axe, a hatchet. [This is the Chinese hatchet.] KApal a ship a vessel. Kttpal Api L)l a steamer. K&pal kapal prang a navy. Khpal l!l.yar r."j Jjl>' a sailing vessel. KApal pichah "f.'" a ship wreck. K!l.pal prang t_} a ship of war. Ka-pandi-an ability. K!l.pang a water-worm. Ka-papa-an poverty. K!l.pas cotton. Kapei-kapei struggling (as one drowning). K!l.par and spread about, scattered, not arranged. trusty, sure, loyal. K:l.por J;>l>' lime, cement, mortar, plaster for building. Kapor b:l.rus lr-'} );>!>' camphor. I..M4 J;>l>' chalk. Kapor tijhor _l.ii );>I>' quicklime. Ka-p11ji-an tP.# compliments. Ka-p11tus-an O""Y->;il result. Ka-r!l.ja-an o>l::-Y' kingdom. K:l.ram 01>' to sink, to founder. OJI>' (Sans.) for, because. Karana itu )4.1 o} therefore. KArang tJI>' a shoal, a reef, a coral reef, the wash-dirt of ore bearing stratum in a tin-mine; to wreath, to twine, to com pose, to compile. Mnga U>l ifl;i>' a nosegay, a garland, a wreath of flowers. set (as jewels), to make, to Ka-rApat-an a follower, a train, a suite. K!l.rat <;;J} rusty. the throat. KArong t-'} a sack. Ka-r11gi-an l:l:-f_,f hurt, damage. Karut <;;J-'} a falsehood; false, preposterous, deceived, in evil plight, done for. Ka-s:l.lah-an fault, guilt. Kasap .._j_,..l)' rough. an obstacle, a hindrance. an interval. ifli..-.l ease, corn

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    KAS -61KAU fort, rest, quiet, tranquility, freedom from trouble, satis faction. Kasar :r-!S coarse, rude, rough, uncivil, surly, impertinent, ar rogant, insolent. Kasi <.5"'\S castrated. Ka-siap-an .;}Lt:-S' preparation. Kasih ,._\Siove, favour, kindness; kind, affectionate; to favour, to iove. pity, compassio,n, mercy, commiseration, affec tion. Ka-sudah-an end, con clusion. Ka-sj).ka-an clu:..-= joy,. de light. Ka-sukar-an _,_) misery, trouble, strait, difficulty. Kasumba 4--S rose-colour. Kasftsah-an o9l-_,_l grief, sorrow, trouble, affliction. Kasut o,-IS a shoe. Kata olS to speak, to say. Katak w;.:.1!' a frog. Kaiak puru :'J JJ; w;.:,1!' a toad. Kilta kan cfW' to say, to remark, to state. Kata-kan Iagi skali tJL..J;;.... to repeat, to say again. Ka-tllkut-an &.,SL:.:l fright, fear, terror. Katam f-'1!' a length between two joints, as in sugar-cane; also, when a snake is marked in circles of aifferent colour, one of those circles. Kati L.,:.1!' a catty (1} lb.), 100 catties = 1 pikul (133t lb. A voir.). Katil J.,.,:.1!' a bed. Ka-tinggi-an height. Katong [_,:.1!' a turtle. Ka-trilng-an evidence, proof. Katua !,-:W a gaoler. Katj).Joi lS:,Jy:l a pilot. Ka-tulong-an if_,.l_,...:.:...s' service, assistance. Ka-tumbuh-an pox, an eruption in the skin. Ka-tumbuk-an a com pany or troop of soldiers. Katup-kan to shut. Ka-tj).run-an o:}:o;J:JiS genealogy, succession. Kau_,s' you.

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    KA.U -62Kauchi L-2-"_,.l(Eng.) a sofa. [Only understood in the Straits.] Kaum & (Ar.) family, kindred, relatione. Kaus (Ar.) a shoe. (Hind.) a parade for drill. Kawal J_,ls' a guard, a watchman; to guard, to keep watch. K:l.wan 0_,!S' a friend, a compan ion, a mate, a fellow, a fol lower, an attendant, an ac complice, a herd (of beaots). Kawar >-'Is' a robber, a thief. Kitwat o_,ls' wire. a'# (Pers.) a marriage, a wedding; to marry. Kaya ..;Is' rich, opulent, wealthy. K:l.yu _,-Is' wood, timber, a stick. Kayu api L.,>l _,-[) firewood. Kil.yu arang t) -'"Is' ebony. Kayn sandalwood. Kayu pagar a otake. Kayu' a hand rail. Kil.yu b;u.iG; -'"Is' the gallowo. [boat). Kayuh-kan a0-'to paddle (a to bite the lips. numb. .J.:f.S to omack (as the lips.) a kind of banjo. J..:.-:=.l" omall, little. J-;;fS less (in size). Kechoh to cheat, to trick. Kechut to shrink (as the flesh of the fingers when long immersed in water). Kedah 0..u an elephant trap, an earthenware plate, the country to the North of Province Wel lesley. Kedal disease of the skin which usually attacks the hands or feet. The skin hardens and then peels off. Kedar )..>:> only. Kedei '-'...>.f a shop Ked ut >_,.AS' creased. ;::f"l and y?'S to pursue, to chase. wink; to wink, to twinkle. m:l.ta ol.. to wink. Keju _--?'4 (Port.) cheese.

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    -63to surprise, to startle. immortal, eternal, in finite, perpetual. scissors for cutting betel-nut. O"":Jw= yesterday. [Also used to express an in definite time past-some time ago.] dulu d;l.J> the day before yesterday. round, around. [_,41> fish-maw. l3;,_ts' (Hind.) kindred, family, relations. _, summer, dry weather. to pack up. to fasten the sArong high up across the chest, as is usual with Malay women. blossom (full blown); to expand, to open (as a flower). y:.s' twins. ..sp castrated. d..w' after, next, subsequently, then. incense, per fume. \.;.)to hit, to be hit, to suit, to be suited; becoming (as a dress). chukei _,:;r \.;.) or basil J...ol..:> \.;.) to be taxed. luka I!_,J \.;.) to receive a wound. cfW' to hit. J.-.i-l to be acquainted with, to recognise, to know, to distinguish. baik baik jJ.l intimate (well acquainted). o:jS' pleased, agreeable. ES grateful. ..J_r.;..;.S' to shut (as a flower). a paramour, a mistress. a mug, a kettle. slack. d;_,.).J.J' to slacken. the eye-brow. satiated, satis-fied (with food), surfeited. JW the head, a chief, a ringleader, the top, a volume of a book;head,chief,principal.

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    -64KET susu >"'>"' Jij) cream, the nipple of the breast. "-!>-iLS (Eng.), a hat, a cap. a bit, a piece. t>"'\"( a crab. E ,.._iiJ and to surround, to be siege. 't:.floose, not tied up (usually of the hair). K Y./ a buffalo. a rush (plant). c;/ work, workmanship. Kerja bOrong E;y. c;/ to work by the job or contract. kiri l!ift c;/ left-handed. Kerja-kan cfl::-.f to toil, to la bour. Kerling t7-l/ to look aside, to glance at. present from a superior, or one of equal rank. Kerniil.-kan to give a present, to give (said of Rajas). Kernyih to grin. ,j,fa bullet-pouch. gravel. u-6ji (Ar.) paper. Kertas khabitr yP(Ar.) a newspaper. Kertas kembang u-6ji blot ting-paper. Kertas sa-kopong efo a pack of playing. cards. [Ar. Kissah.] Kesrab (Ar.) lower vowel marks. move a little (as when sitting to move closer to a companion). to move (transitive). Ketam a crab, a plane (tool). Ketam-kan to reap, to plane. KetApang ei.;.:S" an almond. Ketat tight. the papaya fruit. Ketiak the armpit. a house-boat. Ketlka an occasion; at the time. Ketlka ini (j-!1 at present. Ketlka ilu then, at that time. Keting f:7S the t"ndon Achilles. Ketok ?' to tap, to pat. Ketok-kan to rap.

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    KHA -65KLA Khabi1r yP(Ar.) news, tidings, intelligence, information, a report, a rumour; fame. Khab!ir-kan d p> to tell, to re late, to report. Khanduri '-"J-'w.> (Ar.) a feast. Khatam (Ar.) to pass an ex amination. ["Sudah khatam" properly means-has read the KoriLn from beginning to end.] Khatib (Ar.) the Khatib or preacher who expounds the Koran in the mosque. KhaziLnah (Ar.) a treasury. Kbemah (Ar.) a tent. KMsai ._yl.....> (Hind.) a butcher. Khorma L.j(Ar.) date fruit. Kii
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    -66KOS Kliimbuy..J) a mosquito net. Kliim-kabut or.l..4l> darkness; cloudy, overcast. Klamin &":liS a pair (of birds generally), a family (whether of human beings, birds, or ani mals). K!ana 0":lll wandering. Klapa .,j":lll a cocoanut. Kliit ...,.J;' the sail halyard. Klltt-kan to reef a sail. Klawar J!l":l!S a bat (vermin). Kleh to see, discern. a fresh-water snail. Kl1m a hem, a seam. Kl1m plpeh flat hem. Kling &.J> of or belonging to a Kling or native of the Coro mandel Coast. klingKalinga or the Coromandel Coast. Klingking a small skein. Kllp-kllp a fire-fly; a spangle (ornament). Klopak mata d.o ;..D_,...Ll the eye-lid. Khiar to go out, to issue; away! (Ka-hlar). Khlar darah )..l ;t,l) to bleed. Kh\ar-kan c/;t,l) to dismiss. Ko' ;s' yoke (of bullocks, &c). Kobis (Port.) cabbage. Kochek .J.R-Y' a pocket. Kodi '-'Q)Y' a score (twenty). Kodok u..lY' a frog. Koiak-kan c#-,1-to tear. KOian o'Y a koyan (a measure of capacity equal to BOO gan tangs). See ChO.pak. Kolam r-l_,.l (Sans.) a pond, a tank. Kolek a canoe, a small fishing-boat. Kongkang FY' the sloth. Kongsi (Ch.) a partner in trade, an association of two ot more persons, a secret or pn blic society, a firm. Kopak -..D_,.l to open. kopak a breech-loading mus ket. Kopi indifferent, rough, not good. MaJor kopi-a dye that won't stand. Koran (Ar.) the Koran. Klirban-kan (Ar.) to sacri fice. Kosa L..._,.l the hook with which the mahout drives an ele-

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    KOS -67-KRI pbant. [Probably a corruption of Ku&sa.] Kosong empty, vacant, void, hollow, uninhabited. Kosot intricate, entangled. Kosot-kan o;P--_,5 to perplex, to tangle. Kosta L;.:....5 leprosy. KOta <::,;_,5 (Hind.) a fort, a wall. KOtor ;i'Y dirt; dirty, obscene. KOtor-kan d J_,f to soil. Kra lj the common long-tailed monkey. an earring. Krah J andKrab-kan <:PI to assemble or muster the ryots. [Only "sed when people are collected by an order from a Rl!.ja or chief.] o<'-=?-1_,.> (ka-ri\.ja-an) a kingdom, a state. Krak nasi u_;-> the caked rice left at the bottom of the vessel in which the rice has been boiled. an ancient bury ing-place. j,ll a clerk, an accountant. Kranjang a hamper, a basket. Kr11p kA!i often, time after time. Kras bard, stiff, stern, strict, severe, rigorous. Kras JUS" stubborn, obstinate, headstrong, wilful. Krltt <::,;1 and Kr11t-kan t!l cut off, to chop. Kri1t drat <::.Jf <::,;),1 to bleed surgically. Krawang lace, any work that has holes in it, as lace or crochet, wicker-work, carved wood-work, &c. Krawei LS,y a wasp. [Krawei have their nests in the ground. in trees.] a large red ant. Kreta ...._ 1 (Port.) a carriage. &pi c) fa loeomoti ve. KrMa >1 1 1 a buffalocart. Kreta y.l 1 a bullock cart, a waggon. plankin a palanquin. a cab, a hack carriage. Kretin d4.1 woolly-haired. Also Krinting. Kring t.'-1 dry.

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    KRI -68KUD Kris kris, a [The ordinary descriptions of the kris, the national weapon, are: -the Kris pandak the short kris; the Kris pan jang long kris; the Badik a straight short stabbing knife; and the Tumbukliidab'j smaller, slightly curved dagger.] Kr6h :!Jf turbid. Kr6t O:!J f a wrinkle; to frown. Krot dahi $1..> o:!J_,J to knit ihe brows. Krubong tJ!:!Jf a place to store padi; it is circular, and made of the bark of trees. Krumit-krumit _f to nibble, to gnaw. Krll.sang f::--:!J.f a brooch. LS"':!Jf a chair, a stool. (Ar. Kursi). b:!Jf a scab on a healing sore. Ku _,)I. [A contraction of Aku.] Kuah!,{ gravy,sance,broth,soup. Kua!a j!,{ the mouth of a river. Kuali .1!,{ an iron pan. Kuiisa power, authority, might, strength. Kuat o!,-> strong, powerful, vigorous. Kuau :!J!,{ or Bll.rong kuau br :!J!,{ an argus pheasant. Kll.bang &,.S a muddy pool used by animals to bathe in. Kll.bang -'"'fE.f a buffalo pool. Kubin !:J:,-1_{ the Hying lizard. Kubor ;,_;; (Ar.) a burying-place, a sepulchre, a grave, a tomb. Kubu >'.f a stockade. Kuching a cat. Kll.chup a kiss (also Kll.da 1..>_,) a horse. Kll.da .tyer _,.--.1 1..>_,5 the hippo potamus. Kll.da Mtlna 1..>_,) a mare. Kll.da bHing t:-J--i 1..>_,_) a zebra. [From this name of the zebra it has been common to call all piebald horses "blang".] Kll.da jantan a stallion. Kll.da l..>_,..l a pony. Kll.da-kll.da fl..>_,) a clothes-horse (wooden frame). omnipotent. [Pro perly only used of God. Such a sentence as "He thinks he

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    KUD -69KtJP is omnipotent" is renderedDla flkir dla Maharfija Lela]. Kudis l..l"',!->y itch. Kfidong E_.,->_,.) maimed. Kudus (Ar.) holy, sacred. Kuet nudge; to nudge. Kufu _,.;_,.!marriageable (of suitable rank). Kuko'
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    KlJP -70LAB KOpas-kanaW_,s'to peel, to skin, to strip. Kupu-kupu a butterfly. Kura-kura a tortoise. K1l.rang tJ,s' dearth; short, wanting, under, deficient, needed. Apakll.rang-whatiswanting? and so, What is the matter? Kll.rang aka! J..ii.o. bf unwise. Kll.rang baik EJJ!' inferior, worse (of things). Kll.rang baik deri-pada bf not so good as. Kfirang bhasa Lr4-i bf rude. Kll.rang bljak bf impru dent. KU.rang .... bf un. der, less than (in quantity or number). Kll.rang hormat '-""".f"' bf un civil. Laba-lnba ry a spider. Labi-labi a fresh-water tor toise. Labor to supply food and necessaries (as in the Truck system). L Kfirang kuat o!,-3 b/ feeble, debilitated. Kurang tJ,s' clumsy. Kll.r .. ng b,_J distrust; to mistrust. Kll.rang tajam r.IJ bf blunt. Kll.rang-kan to reduce (lessen). Kll.rap ...3Jf ringworm. Kll.rap binatang ...3Jf the mange. Kll.rong E'Jf to shut up, to con fine. Kll.rus thin, lean, meagre, emaciated. Kll.tip ._s,.;;_y to pick up, to gather. Kutu _,:;f a louse. Kutu anjing Y>f a flea. Kutu bll.sck -..Ji.wY. _;Jy a bug. Kutu _iJy a tick. Kutum bud, blossom. Labu a gourd. Labu manis a pump kin. Labu Mnah ...;IJ an earthen wale water vessel made in the shape of a gourd.

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    LAB -71-LAM to anchor. a harbour, a port, a roadstead, an anchorage. Lachi a drawer (from Eng. latch). LMa Lada china Cayenne pepper. Ladang planlation, a clear ing, ;;: dry hill-padi field. Lading a chopping-knife. [KMah. are celebrated for the manu facture of these knives.] LMong a sounding-lead. Laf!tth J:W (Ar.) pronunciation. Li!fta a volume of a book. Laga and to fight (as bulls or rams). Lagam (Hind.) a horse's bit. more, still, yet. Lagi pun moreover. Lagi skali again. Lagu a song, a tune. Lagut a number of people doing anything with pleasure. Lah .l an intensifying particle affixed to all parts of peech. [The indicriminate use of this particle should be avoided.] Lain other, another. Lain skali 0,-:; the reverse, quite different. Laju quick, rapid, swift (as a ship or boat). Laju-kan to make to go quickly. Lak (Hind.) sealing-wax. Sound the k. LAki L.,S a husband. Laki-laki masculine, male. Laksa c.r.ii.l ten thousand. Laksam8.ria 0L..-;;J an admiral. Laku conduct, style (of persons); to pas current. Laku.yang tiada misconduct. a fly. L8.lang long rank grass. Lalei neglect; thoughtless, careless, negligent. L8.1 u to pass by. Lama ancient, old, stale. Lama lagi L.,..1':) r'j remote (in time to come), some time hence. Lama sudah .A... ,remote (in time past), long ago, long since. Lam bat slow, late (in time). Lambat-kan to delay(tran sitioe).

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    LAM -72-LAR Lambeit.S>.t to beckon, to wave. Llimbong to toss. Lam a small tin-washing. One or more people washing with trays the sand from the bed or bank of a river, or the tailings from a mine, is called Lampan working. Lampau _,j.t to exceed, to elapse (of time, of a date, or of an agreement); past, expired. Lampei L,.A.t slender. Lanchar fif.;J to read with ease and without hesitation or mistake. Lanchong t,-?.;J spurious, coun terfeit, false, forged. Landak 0..M.1 a porcupine. Landak t!nah ...;1:; 0..M.1 a hedge hog. Landban O""I.A.:.! an anvil. Langgar pl to attack, to storm, to invade. Langit >.;c'f> the sky. Langit langit r>.;c'f> a ceiling. Langit-langit mtl.lutidyo r>.;c'f>the roof of the mouth, palate. Langkah..Gla p:.ce (step); to step. Langkap roady, prepared. Langsong tr outright. to extend, to prolong a speech or writing. Lanjut-kan cherita to be loquacious, to be garru lous, to spin out a story. Lantak ,_;t;.:;.l to ram, to run vio lently against. Lantas to penetrate, to pass through; through. Lantei .._.;:;.] a floor. Lantera lr (Port.) a lantern. Lanun 0,;'f> a celebrated piratical people of Mindanao. Lanyau .r.J"j a quicksand. L!pang spacious, commodi ous, wide, capacious. free of impediments, open (as a coun try or a river). LApang-kan to open, to widen. L!par _,;"j hungry. Lil.pis a fold, a thickness, a range (of hills). LApis-an a lining. to line. Llipok w;;"j mouldy; mildew. Lil.rang b"j forbidden. LAtang-kan <:P} to forbid, to stop, to prohibit.

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    LAR -73Lll.ras U"_; 'J a tube. U.ras pang-the barrel of a gun. Larat <::.>_;'J able. Lari L5_;'j to run, to escape, to abscond. Lari-kan to kidnap, to run away with. Lashkar PJ (Pers.) an army. Latah ._:,"j nervous, ticklish. A curious nervous coin plaint by which many natives, especial ly Boyanese, are affected. U.tam f>"J to walk upon. Lauh bil.tu 0,-J a slate for writing. Lauk ...::,,"1> the meat, fish, or vege table which is eaten with rice, what Europeans call curry". Laung to hail, to call to, to shout, to cry out. Laut <::.>!J 'J the sea. Laut besar r <::.>!J 'J an ocean. La wan 0 'J a rival, an opponent, a match, a fellow, a paramour; to compete. Layak (Ar.) suitable, fit, proper. Layang f::.'J to soar, to fly. L:1yang-lll.yangrf::.'jakiteofpaper or other material, a swift. Layar y.'J a sail. Layar ll.gong e_,S! y.'j a main-sail. Layar [!!_;W ;r..'J a mb:zen-sail. Layu -'"""'j withered; to fade (as leaves). Lazim rj'J (Ar.) uoed to. Litzzat (Ar.) pleasant, de lightful. Le L.,J contracted from or ._.] a bee. black and blue. numerous. [Commonly used of heavy rainHtljan Lebar r. broad, wide. Lebar-kan d r. to widen. Lebar-nya (,;lr. width. ._.] more, over; remainder. baik ._.] better, supe-rior. Mrok ...:f,Ji ._.] worse (of the state of a house, clothes, &c.), moro worn out, shabbier. da-Mlu _,.1_,9>, ._.] before. jithat ._.]worse, more wicked. jauh ,,4-further. k1irang "t;f ._.] about,near.

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    -74-LEN Ubih mlida I..>_,.. slika to prefer. Ilia !,:i elder. metal. to melt, to smelt. Lechek to cheat, deceive. to scald. Lehar _# the throat, the neck. ._,....J(..l (Jav.) speed; quick, fast; soon, quickly. &...<.l slimy. Lengah to loiter, linger. dl the arm. moist, damp. Lenggang to swing the arms in walking. UngkapJ.JG;Jto equip; complete. Lengkar and Lengkar-kan cf p.!to coil, towind(as rope).

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    -75L1S tP a semi-circle. [Lit. an arch.] billan dY. the moon in the crescent. :,:.:.;.J pliant, flexible, supple. let go! to release, to liberate, to discharge a person, to spare, to let go, to let loose. Le rang t r.J a bier. tr a mortar for pound ing grain. to appoint, to place, to put down. tired, wcary,exhausted, feeble, fatigued. Llaog &.J a hole. L!aog ruma L.._,) &l the pores of the skin. Liar r.J uncivilised, wild, savage, untamed. Llat ;:,.,! tough. Llchah "-:":"J muddy. Llchin smooth, slippery. Llchor ;,.iJ scalded by any liquid, burnt by the sun. L!dah the tongue. L!hat to see, to look, to per ceive. Lllin ctM. wax, a candle. Lllit a.nd Lllit-kan to twine (wind round), to roll, to wind. five. Lima bias v-4 fifteen. Llmau kitpas a lemon. Llmau Y-/ a citron. Llmau an orange. Llmau nlpis a lime. the spleen. Limpah ill abundant, plentiful; to overflow. Linchun or.".;.) wet through. Lindong-an if_,..ul a shelter. Lindong-kan to shelter, to protect, to save, to guard, to preserve. Lintah ..:.:;.) a horse-leech. Linlang H across. See tang. Lintang pfikang 'tf head long. Llnyap to disappear, to vanish; invisible. Llor saliva. Llpan a centipede. Llpas a cockroach. Llpat-kan to fold. Llsah restless.

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    LOB -76-Loba (Hind.) selfish, rapaci on .. (greedy of gain). Locheng a bell. [Not Ma lay, but understood.) l..svl:> a time of prayer from 12-} P.H. to 3 P.M.). Arabic form TMha. Lohrat AA! (Ar.) a dictionary. Lompat iUi to leap, to jump, to rise (spring away\. Lonchor .f.f,;J to squirt. Long e_,l a coffin. [The Malay coffin is a box without a bot tom, and is placed over the corpse while carrying it to the grave, where the box is re moved.] Longgar p} shaky, loose (not Lorah ')_,J a pulley. [tight). Lorong i;;_,l an alley, a lane, a passage, a path. Losen t:J-y..} (Eng.) a dozen. Lotar j} to throw, to pelt. Loyang &_,l a mould. Lt1ar ;r,J outside. Lt1as u-!,-1 roomy, capacious, lar ge, spacious, broad, wide. Lt1at li!,J having a feeling of nau sea, a great distaste for any thing. Lftbang a hole, a pit, a cavity, an opening. Lt1bang hldong the no&tril. Lftbok 04_,J a deep hole in a river, a lynn. Lachut loose (undone). Ltldah li->} aliva. Lltdah-kan to spit. Lt1ka Is'} a wound, hurt. Lt1kah J _,.) a fish trap like a large basket. Lt1luh .J} in atoms. Lamat :;...} pow
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    LUR -77-MAH Lurus U"..';_,l direct, straight. LusaL..._,J the day after to-morrow. L11t..b_,J(Ar.)sodomy. [The literal meaning is the crime which was prevalent in the days of the Patriarch Lot.] To commit Maaf ul. (Ar.) pardon. Maafkan t.o forgive, to pardon, to excuse. Maalim (Ar.) a pilot, a mate of a vessel, a schoolmaster. M Maalum-kan (Ar.) to acquaint, to state, to inform. Maamur )_,.......... (Ar.) populous, inhabited, abundant. Mabok drunk, intoxicated, tipsy. Mabok !aut ..;;,t... sea-sick. Macbam 1"""\..o a kind, a sort, a manner, a mode. [Probably the English word umatch" cor rupted.] Macham-macham sundry, of sorts. Machan d?'l..o (Jav.) a tiger. the crime <.:J"'ll..o (Vnlg.) Main mangko'. L11tong t=o'_,J a black monkey with long tail. L11tut ;,;.:;_,J the knee. Mli.dat o.>L.o opium ready for smoking. [Madat is inferior in quality to Chandu, being pre pared from the covering which encloses the opium whilst Chandu is prepared from the drug itself.] Madu _,.>L.o jnice [this word is nsed when speaking of the juice of sweet fruits], honey; polygamy. Mahil. 4-o (Sans.) great. Mahil. ;---! 4-supreme, immense. Maha knasa U"!,> 4-o almighty. Maha-Raja (SI) 4-o emperor. Maha-Rani J,) 4-< empress. Mahk6ta o>4-o (Sans.) a crown, a diadem.

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    MAl -78MAL Maiam rlL. a weight used in weighing gold-8 maiam are equal to the weight of 1 Mexican dollar. 16 maiam = 1 bungkal. (Ar.) a corpe, a dead body of a human being. Main cMtor (;.!L. the game of chess; to play chess. King Qu?,en t$.f'"" GaJah; Kmght l.>_,...s' Kftda; Castle? Ter; Bldak; Check._ Sah; Checkmate oL. Mat. Main gasing (;.!L. to spin a top. Main mayong trl'L...o to act in a malay play. Main sllap mala oL. juggle. Mak 0\..ol mother. Mak miida l.>yo w;...l aunt. Mak su >-"" ..JL.ol aunt (su for sudara). Mak tiri <.?.;ii 0\..ol step-mother. llaka ..V... now (the expletive). [Used in writing only, and marks the beginning of a new sentence]. Mil.kan c/L. to eat, to devour, to dine, to consume (as fire or rust), to penetrate (as a sharp instrument); eaten, con sumed. Makan angin ofL.. to take an airing. Makan gaji L.,.:::-11 to work for hire. '[Lit. to eat wages]. Makan mlnum ofL...o vic tuals. fLit. eat and drink.] Mil.kan L.,?l3 cfL. breakfast. Mil.kan rachun or<'") to take poison. Mil.kan rumput o_,..Lo; ofL. to graze. Makan soap ...3!,-dL. to take a bribe. l\Ukan sftmpah ..L._,... dLo to forswear, to commit perjury. [Lit. to eat an oath.] o-iLJ:..... food, meal, repast, maintenance. Maki to abuse, to insult. Makslld (Ar.) an intention, a purpose, a scheme. Malaiu y.Jl..o Malayan. .Malam night. [Malays speak of so many nights where we say days. Thus they would say "he will be away 3

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    MAL -79MAN nights," meaning 3 nights and 2 days.] Mli.lam sijkli.rang 'C_;i.5:to night. Mli.lam tadi last night. Mli.lang tJL.o vexatious. [Mii.lang is a strong word in its true meaning, but is often used in a lighter sense where we should say uvexatious".] Malas lazy, indolent, idle. Mli.lau _,_JLA dye. [Lit. paste.] Mil.lau kopi, a fast dye. Mil.lau lechi, an indifferent dye. shame; ashamed, bash ful, shy, modest, disgraced. Mil.mah ...,L,o to chew. Mampus Ll'"_,...... dead. [Corrupted from the Arabic Manfus.] 0L.o where. r0L.o wherever. pun 0_,J r l:JL... any, whichever. J'{ 0L.o when. Mandijllkei a water melon. Mandi to bathe (intransi tive). Mandi-kan to wash, to bathe (transitive). Mi1ndui,\,<.M.obarren(as females). Mangga Lk.;;... the mangoe. [See B6ah mangga.] Manggis U"'tf:;.,o the mangusteen. Mangkat to die. [Said of Ril.jas.] Mangko'_;.G,o a cup, a small basin. Mangku fo acting for another. as locum tenens. Mangkuang a pandan, from the leaves of which the Malays make very beautiful mats and boxes. Manik-manik beads. Manikam (Hind.) a precious stone. Manikam k6ning a topaz (the stone). Mil.nis ..,.._;Lo sweet, placid (in dis position), mild (in temper). Manis laku _,Jlj amiable. Man!s-an sweet-meats, confections, preserves. Manls-an tijbu _,.,;i treacle, molasses. Manja .. peevish. Mantah ..:.:.;..., raw, uncooked, on baked. Mantri (Sans.) a minister of state.

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    MAN -80-MAT Manusia (Sans.) mankind; human. M&ra )L. with force and courage, (used of fighting). M&ra m&sok -to rush in. Mltra bahra 4-! )L. a calamity. M&rah "JL. passion, wrath, rage, anger; angry. M&rahkan cPJL. to scold. M'Ari r...:J!.A to come; come, arrived. :Marlka itu they. Mas t.r-"! gold. Mas u-f>J t.r-"1 gold-leaf. Mas nrei '-fJ'I U"'"-'"'1 gold-dust, stream-gold. U'"L. a period, a time, an occasion. Mitsak._.;t..L.ripe, cooked; to cook, to ripen, to smelt. Mitsam I"""L. sour, acid, sharp in taste. Mitseh (Jav.) in the same condition. [Sound the h.] Masin .salt (adjective). Masing-masing &.-L. each, every, individually,severally,separa tely. (Ar.) a mosque, a Muhammadan temple. Masok u,-1.-o to enter, to go in, to penetrate, to change religion (as masok Islam-to turn or become Muhammadan, i. e., to enter the Mnhammadan re ligion). M&sok" m1llut ._.;t..l.,o to in terfere, to interrupt (in dis course). Masok-kan to put in. Mat checkmate in chess. [PoS sibly the Akkadian Mit, the Chinese Mut, the Arabic 1\Ut, and the Mal ay M&ti, all mean ing dead.] Mata ""1., the eye, a blade of a weapon or tool. Mata &yer y.l ""L. a spring, the source of a stream. Mala hliri '-'J4-'-o the sun. [Lit. the eye of day.] Mata h&ri jatoh ..... :;L:;sunset. Mata hil.ri Mala tkan 1!:.>1.-o a wart. [Lit. fish's eye.] Mata jfiling &JP-BL. squint-eyed. Mata kail ch!
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    MAT -81Mata-mata oL.,...;.:....,o a policeman. [Lit. all eyes.] Mata ol.o points of the compass. Mata punai ol.o open rattan work. [Lit. pigeon's eyes.] Mata sa'blah -"4-d.o one eyed. Mata tajam f"""'i"L:; ol.. sharp sighted. Mata oL.a plough share. Mati SL. to die, to perish; dead. Mati lapar }'J SL. starving; to die of starvation. Mati pll.chok -..ll:;;-_,; SL. impotent. Man _,,L. shall, will, to want, to wish, to require. [I don't care, I will do it"Ta', sahya mau Mat". Will you go? uBll.lih-kah ?" In a momer.t I will go uSa'bantar Mgi nanti ,sahya Are you willing? uSO.ka-kah"? All are willing 6rang silka". I would do it, butuSahya sll.ka tMapi ". ul would have killed him, but he ran away" uSahya mau Mnoh dla, dla lari". Mawa a tailless monkey of the kind known as uWah-wah". Ma'wan 0i_,L. a lady. Mayong E'"""L. a theatrical per formance. a public-square or open space. J..t.o dear, costly, expensive. Port.) a table. court(hall ofsiate), an audience at court, a meeting of four or more persons. ..M Mecca (the holy city). ctf... more. yak WY. corn-m on. ;wyso::M (Ar.) an angel. saving, unless. _,)::M to negotiato (pass off). ,.JG;J.. to stride over. [Under this letter, M, will be found various forms by which the radical, whether it be sub stantive, adjective, adverb, verb, or other part of speech, is transposed into a transitive or intransitive verb. These forms vary according to the 6

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    ME -82MEinitial letters of the radicals, thus: Langkah (a step) becomes Bri (to give) be comes Tandok (a horn) becomes Mij-nandok ; Kail (to fish) Apa (what) Harap (hope) Tltek (a drop) (across) In the Majority of cases, where there is a prefix only, the verb formed is intransitive, but when besides the prefix the particle kan" is affixed, the verb then formed is always transitive, as .. t-kan (to snare). From this and the following words it will be seen that when the radical begins with I, m, n, nya ((,:,)) or r. the prefix which forms the verb is always as: Langkah, Masok, Nanti, Nyliuyi, yJL. to spread as a creeper, to crawl. to oppose, to resist, to object, to struggle, to disobey. to visit. to soar. kapal jj!>' to navigate a ship. uy;l..-o warped (become bent). tf1' to bend. steel. ...W... to trickle. y<:iiLo coiled as a rope or a snake. curved, warped, bent. t_,; sit silent with grief, or wrapt in thought. to disen gage, to let go. u_,....:.:...LA !o burst, to blow up. to shoot with fire-arms, to fire a gun.

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    -83to inspect diri <..?.7" E-'...>v..Lo to take shelter, to place one's self under the protection of. to hide, to gie refuge to. t'' ;l to place cross wise. sprine-, to jump. cfll_,.L. to _wound. <:#;f-o to shed (ae leaves). lU_,.L. to kneel. M6m-akai L.,>L..o to wear, to put on, to uSe. to hold on the lap. I to import. read, to peruse. [See note to the radical begins with the letter b, the particle prefix takes ihe form bacha," to read.] mend to repair, to make good, to make better, to improve, to reform. recompense. 'Jt8Q;:ba";gkit-kan to rouse, to stir up. d exalt. diri <.S:r" d r to boast. [Lit. to exalt one's self.] to debate, to discuss. to halve, to cut in two. J.;..o to purchase. to tell a lie. bri <.Sj:+" to present, to give. to squander. to perform, to do, to make. drabka to rebel. ._ii..:;>y..o.o to entice. open, to reveal. F to hold. E_ r" an otter. to ask in marriage. LS>l.J,...,. to own, to possess. W_, inspect, to make inquiry into. ....:w_, rule See note to When tho radical begins with the letter p, the particle prefix takes the form of and drops the

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    -84-p for the sake of euphony, as: Prentah, Puji, retains the p.] *f to reign, to govern, to manage. to praise, to worship. to strike. to commence, to begin. to glorify. ;yil;.. to strew, to sow (seed, grain). note t.o langkah. When t is the initial letter of the radical, the par ticle prefix takes the form of .. and drops the t for the sake of euphony, as: TAroh, to breathe. to fix, to make firm. endure, to with stand, to check, to restrain, to stop, to hinder, to detain, to support. ...;U,. to give out matter, to suppurate. ,_;;_;!;.. to boil rice. to plant. u_,..Mi.A to butt with the head or horn. beat, to conquer, to win, to gain. E_,_iG;.M to under take, to take the responsibility. to cry, to weep, to shed tears, to mourn. to seize, to catch. to parry, to ward off. ._s.;..;...,. to stay, to wait, to remain, to expect. a son-in-law. _y;..;.;.,. a daughter-in-law.
    PAGE 99

    MEN -85-MEN [See note to the initial letter of the radical is eh, d, or j, the verb is formed without other alteration, as: Chttbut, Jadi, to search, to seek, to look for. to blame, to reproach. to smell, to kiss. [Muhammadans do not kiss with the lips.] l.S;,-f.""' to steal. c.II..M.o to ascend a hill. to reconcile, to make peace between others. ;,:Ji..M.o to obtain. to bubble (of boiling water). olY.f...M.o to lift, to raise, to set up. to growl, to snarl (as a dog). _,)_,..Moo to precede; clear forest, to cut down jungle. U"y.M to redeem from pawn. wang e__,l4..i....o to coin money. to hatch. to front, to face, to go into the presence. [See note to Where the radical begins with a vowel, h,or g, the particle prefix takes the form of without other alteration, thus: Adu, !sap, Dbong, The h is however sometimes omitted in words like "HI lang", where it can either be pronounced or not, both being equally right.] _,..>\.:it..oto complain( and so has come to mean) to prosecute. d_,..>Li.o to repre sent a grievance [The common expression is Meng-tdu-kan ha!.] .H
    PAGE 100

    -86MEN to scare (frighten). to scout. confess, to .own, to acknowledge, to vouch, to consent, to engage by contract, to ratify. to defeat, to overcome. to sling. to sigh. Meng-llmok to slaughter, to kill, to attack, to make a furious assault and kill indis criminately. to send. kan d to lead, to go with, to accompany on a journey or part of the way. .. to doze; sleepy, but half awake. Meng llpa why? to squeeze. Meng-ltram r}.o to sit on eggs as a bird. ts whet, to sharpen. to love, to like, to indulge, to favour. to instigate. to affirm, to communicate. Meng-Uur Ji''U..,o to organize, to arrange, to set in order, to sort, to marshal. j,U.. to keep watch. [See note to Me-langkah. Where the initial letter of the radical is k, the verb is formed by prefixing the particle "Meng" and dropping the k for the sake of euphony, as: K6sot, echup to ldss. Meng-enal to recognise. Meng-erjang &JU to rear (as a horse). bJj.o to glance. to comprehed, to know, to understand. tanah ...;1:; to till the soil. to succeed, to take the place of. Meng-gel'ltar .. to quake, to shake with fear. [Commonly pronounced Meng-Inar.] Meng-gtse gnaw (as a dog).

    PAGE 101

    -87to writhe. gnaw(as a rat). to shear, to cut with scissors. cf-1\.#A to ex terminate, to put an end to [Sound the h.] uJl..e-J.--" to hope. [Sound the h.] to writhe. [Sound the h.] to collect. [Sound the h.] to de grade. [Sound the h.] to glo rify, to treat well.[Sound the h.] to judge, to condemn, to sentence. [Sound the h.] to mew (as a cat). a fowl). erase, to efface, to get rid of. warn. to follow, to accompany(asat a procession). to winnow. ..J_,r to sip. to suck, to smoke with a pipe. [Usually ap plied to the smoking of opium. To smoke a cigar or pipe !sap cMrut, !sap hunchui.] to wander about like an outcast seeking a live lihood by any means. to tremble, to shiver, to quiver. [See also ;,:...._,;.,. to confuse, to ravel. t ju to groan. L.-Y.,. to compel, to oblige, to force. ..JY.,. to yawn, to gape. E_,-1,.;<"' to connect (in the sence of adding to). to otter, to articulate, to exclaim. to mutilate. to strangle. f Y.,. to shred(k(lkor). yS to survey, to measure ((lkor). E._,.:$'J...ii..o to visit a dea.d body before burial. employ, to hire or engage labour.

    PAGE 102

    -88peel, to husk. (Kdpas). to traduce. .._;;,.,.._,;.... to tease. _,_:;_,....L to curse, to swear. low (as cattle). to trade. [See to stab. ayer 7-l 4+M to bale out water. to fire a gun, to shoot with tire-arms. ;-to shoot at a target. forsake, to abandon, to leave. trickle by drops. to bridge. u,.... to blow a reed or brass instrument, to blow a horn. to touch. [See note to tli.ngan ifl; to shake hands. to happen, to occur, to turn (become), to grow (become), to succeed, to answer the purpose. jamin ct:-"1.::- ..-.. to stand bail. appoint, to generate. to manage, to superintend, to watch. to sew, to stitch. to fish with a not. wriggle (as a snake). .... to touch. rl?"'-' to entertain, to feast. to reply. (as by the doctrine of Pythagoras). cf3r"'-' to snare, to strangle. i:,!r,v..o to seream (as a child). tame. }_P.\-M to wriggle (as a snake). tltah to obey a mandate. vindicate, to make clear, to prove. [See note to If the ra dical begins with the letters

    PAGE 103

    -89 tr,then theparticleprefixtakes the form whilst the t is dropped for the sake of eupho ny, as: Trang, !"'!;'-'to receive. (Port.) bntter. a cucumber. 1..3,...... to reap. [See note to to write. to help, to oblige, to assist. to sojourn (without fixed abode), to lodge. Upai to take passage in a vessel. to submit, to give in. to ri;,.._. ._,>ll to track. [Lit. to follow foot prints.] to fight cocks. [See note to If the radical begins with the letter s, the prefix changes the s into thus: Sabong, Susu, to bark (Salak). d')\4.-o to kindle. (Nyala). janji to keep a promise. to attack and plunder. (Samun). to sing. to inform, to acquaint, to proclaim, to publish, to make known, to declare, to give notice. o_,4--' to answer, to reply. (Sahut). to cross, to pass over. inflict punishment, to chastise, to punish. (Seksa).

    PAGE 104

    -90-,..l:)" to dive to settle. pay homage to, to make obeisance to. y, ;::>" to rush at, rush out or up hurriedly. lS'\J .r*"' to combine. to obstruct. to repent. seduce, to mislead, to lead astray. (Sindir). t.tnah har row the ground. (Sisir). _,!-'*"'to spy. (Solo). diri <..:j-> to swagger. (Sombong). feet-fore most. (Songsang). clean. (Sucbi). dl>'-'*" to please. (Sfika). >-1;A to measure. (Silkat). to probe, to pick. (Chungkil). [See ch8.but; this is an exception to the rule]. to write. (Sfirat). to order.(Sfiroh). to mortify, to vex. (Silsah). to vex, to trouble, to harass. J"'"-'*"to skirt, to touch the edge of. (Susor). <...?-'""'-'*"'to suckle, to nurse. (Susu). to fish with a fly. Merah "P" red. Merah kdning &Y' bay (colour). Merah mdda l.:.yo "P" and Merah jambu Y.-"?" "P" pink. Merah Jfi p:-A the yolk of an egg. Merah tda!,:; "P" scarlet. to be in a pet. u_,wf' to wade. ._ji...(:j:f' to crawl. to feel. to moan, to lament.

    PAGE 105

    ME-91MET E_.,' f' a father-in-law. 0 1-foj !,:>jo a mother-in-law. to grumble. Lfli_, f'to personate. /!:t:-'; a little sick (as child when it cannot sleep). (Ar.) celebrated, memorable, famous, notorious, public, well-known, noted. (Ar.) a con ference; to consult. MMhi (Ar.) Christ; a Christian. ;=' Egypt. l..r""" to enter. -...Ji-\,..h... (Ar.) absolute, general.

    PAGE 106

    MET -92MUD MMrei._s_,.....:.:.....aseal,a mark, a chop. Mewah common. Mlka [A polite expres sion usecl by those of similar rank.] Mimpi ._}... a dream; to dream. Minta to entreat. Minta gantong-kan bich!ra y a principal or capital sum. at" permission. M6lek ._;;,)_,.. pretty, beautiful. Moyang great-grandfather, forefathers. Muy you. plan, to com bine. Mllat to hold, to contain, to stow cargo, &c. Mfiat-an capacity, a cargo, a load. Mllat-kan c,-D!,-o to Jade, to load. Mllda green, unripe, young, juvenile, light or pale (in co lour). 1\fll.dah-mll.dah r .>_,.. easily.

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    MUD -93l\IUT MO.dah-mO.dah-an pos sibly, perhaps. MO.da-nya youth. .MUdik .JY.'-'_,... to ascend a river, to go up stream. affectionate. M O.ka oily the face. 1\IO.ka kapal'
    PAGE 108

    NAB -94NAN Mutharat 0_,-. (Ar.) to spread. I MO.ting &;ir a stain. Mu tu _y.,. the touch or fineness of Nabi (Ar.) a prophet. Nabi Isa <.f.J Jesus Christ. N adelS'-'U (Sans.) a particular kind of boat common in Malacca. Nadi '-' to perform the pilgrimage. Naik Mrga to rise in price. Naik-kan raise the price. Naik kapal to embark in a ship. Naik prau <:!-'-.!U to embark N gold. Mas sa'ptl.loh motu-gold of ten touch, i.e., pure. in a boat. Naik o;fi to go up and down. N aik-kanO'_,.:1;' (Pers.) the captain of a boat or vessel. Nttkta (Ar.) a point, a dot (in writing). Nama rU (Pers.) name, character, reputation, fame. Nilma yang baik t7re-nown. Nampak look, to perceive, to descry, to distinguish. Nilnah ...;U (Pers.) matter (pus). Nangka the jack fruit. [The CMmpttdak"is rather smaller than the Nangko," but the outward appearance of the two fruits, except as regards size, is the same.] N anti J'-'i wait; used as an aux-

    PAGE 109

    NAS -95-NlB iliary it has the meaning of shall, will. Nasi ._...U boiled rice. Nasi ptl.lut iW_,.j ._...U rice (oryza g!utinosa). Nastb (Ar.) fate, fortune, destiny. Nastb Naslb ta'baik luck, misfortune; unlucky. Naslb yang baik &. good luck, good fortune. Nasthat (Ar.) advice. Naubat (Ar.) the great drum, only used on occasions such as the proclamation, marriage, or death of a ruler. Naubat-kan proclaim a Raja. t.Spii (Pers.) a trumpet. t.S_,.k; (Hind.) a country, a region, a territory, a state, a nation, a city. Blanda t.S/J Holland. China (;J)R" t.S}G Fransis France. Inggris t.S;-L England. t.S}G Japan. Selan <:ft:-t.S;-Loeylon. SpanyOI t.S}G Spain. (Ar.) nasty, disgusting, foul, ..i.1 pregnant, with child. Nganga el1 to gape. Ngri t.S} to shrink (of people). N groh to snore. Ntat an intention, a purpose, a scheme. Ntbong a most useful hard wood palm. This palm split in pieces and tied together with rattan makes the common Malay floor.

    PAGE 110

    NIK OLO NiUh (Ar.) a wedding, a marriage; to marry. Nlla (Ar.) indigo. Nllam sapphire. [See B!tu nllam.] Nilei-kan oW to .alue. Nlpah u;; a palm growing in water at the banks of rivers. The old leaves are made into atap or thatch, while the new unfolded leaves are cut and dried and made into the straw like substance used by the Malays as a covering for their cigarettes. From the stem of the leaf salt is extracted. The trunk produces a juice which can be fermentedandmadeintoliquor, while the fruit of the tree is made into preserve. Nlpis thin (not thick). Nista l.;.:...; to abuse. Nlijlim r4 (Ar.) a planet, a horo scope. Ofis u-J_,I (Eng.) an office. Oleng to roll as a ship. 0 N calm, tranquil, quiet. Nytmok mosquito. [Per--,;ap. the same root as Amok, owing to the determined and bloodthirsty attacks of the insect. N yAring distinct, clear, au dible, loud, shrill. NyAris v-:>}:i almost. [Used in cases of danger and misfor tune, as: He was almost killed NyAris dla matibut not otherwise. Ny&ris could not be used in such a sentence as: He almost won the race. NyAta oy evident, manifest, clear, plain, obvious, distinct, conspicuous, visible, notorious. NyatA-kan to prove. NyAwa breath, life. N yiru jtrang E_;l.::-_, ;P:l a riddle (sieve). Nyor a cocoanut. Olok-olok r,_;;J_,I to pretend, to be half-hearted.

    PAGE 111

    OMB -97ORA Ombak 1.J4.o_,l a wave. Opau _,;_,1 (Ch.) a purse, a pouch, a Chinese money bag. Orang tJ-'1 a man, a human being, a Rervant. follower. Orang i:J_,I a va gabond. Orang Msar r, tJ-'1 a grandee, a high officer. Orang Blanda IJ\.!..4 tJ-'1 a Hol lander. Orang bOros LnJ_,. i:J_,I a spend thrift. Orang Mkit EJ-'1 abo rigines, wild trib"es. [Lit. hill men.] Orang di\gang El.> tJ-'1 a strang er, a foreigner. Orang drahka.;.l>Jo.> tJ-'Ia traitor, a renegade. Orang gltji t.?-11 i:J_,I a servant with Europeans. Orang glla tJ-'1 a maniac, an idiot. Orang hlna tJ-'1 a common or vulgar person. Orang Hindi EJ-'1 an In dian. 6rang Isl&m r':llwl i:J,I aMussul man. Orang i:J_,I a ruffian, a villain, a bad man or woman. Orang ji\ga .3t:,. tJ-'1 a watch man, a sentinel. Orang i:J-'1 a buffoon. Orang a peasant, a common person. [See Aiak-kan.] Orang ki\ya ..5 EJ-'1 a grandee (amongst Malays), a rich man. Orang klkir j.;f t..>-'1 a. miser. Orang Kling i:J-'1 a Tamil, an Indian. [Common, but pro perly Orang Orang Madras, &c., according as a man is a native of Bengal, Madras, &c.] Orang kuli i:J-'1 a labourer. [Not Malay, but understood.] Orang Iaut e J-'' a seaman. Orang liar y.J tJ-'1 aborigines, wild people. IOrang Mali\iu _,_...JL..o tJ-'1 a Malay. Orang tJ-'1 o-:!1) a washerman. Orang mll.da lo.>yo EJ-'1 a youth. Orang <'>rang rtJ-'1 people. Orang-pandei i:J-'1 &f. an orator.

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    ORA -98PAG Orang. sa'kampong tJ'I a neighbour. Orang sil.kai c.!l-E.J,I aborigi nes. Orang sil.lah ..SL... EJ'I a prisoner, a convict; also used when speak ing of the accused at a trial. Orang E >;1 a Straits born Eurasian, a Roman Ca tholic. Pa' >i; papa. Pa'ou Y"'"l; uncle. P11cMt a small leech. Pil.chau ,L:;rl; a scarecrow to frighten birds. Pachu to drive (as a horse), Pil.da Ka-pil.da unto. [See Ka'.] Pil.da hil.ri ini c:r-!1 pre sent, this day. Pil.dam t"'-'l; extinguished. Pil.dam-kan oM-'l; to put out, io quench, to extinguish. Pil.dan to match; Pil.dang a field, a meadow, a plain. p Orang Spany61 Jr-Jl..o..w E.J,I a Spaniard. Orang EJ'Ian umpire. Orang tfta !,:.' EJ'I a veteran. Orang Ttirki '-,/ f E_;,l a Turk. Orang ftpah-an c;#,l EJ'I a labourer. [Lit. a hired person.] Orang fttan cf':,l E_;,l wild tribes. Otak 0l:i,l brains. Otak tftlang tJ_,:; ._;;.:;,1 marrow. Pil.dang Mlantil.ra t'l; a desert. Padi <--"-'U paddy (unhusked rice)./ Padri (Port) a Priest, a European Ecclesiastic. Padftka dear, beloved. [An expression commonly used in letterwriting to signify the person addressed. Padftka hil.bat Mtamy dear friend.] Padftman O"',uJ a mariner's com pass. Pil.gar _,?U a fence, a hedge, a paling. Pil.gar sllsak w;...L... wattled.

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    P.A.G -99PAM PAgar-kan d to inclose, to fence in. PAgi morning. PAgi-pllgi the morning. Pigut o)'\; to peck. Pahil. the thigh. Pahak a valley. Pithat a chisel. Pithat-kan to chisel. Pahit Pahlawan 0_,":llp daring, brave, gallant. [Often used as a title.] Pajak a farm, a monopoly; to farm, to hold a monopoly. to put on, to use, to wear. Pakai kain d-1{ dress. Pakai tenggek # wear the cap on one side. Pakai to bear arms. Paki\.i-an wearing apparel, clothes.[Commoulypronounced Pak'lan.] Pakai-an bftrokuJi-d-IJjshabby in dress. Pak.ti-an kftda !..>_,) d-!Jj harness. Pakal-kan to caulk. Pakan oSW in weaving, the threads forming the length of the stuff are called Pakan; the cross threads, Lari. to conspire, to plot, to plan. [Usually used in a bad sense.] Paku a nail (of metal), Daun paku a fern. Paku _,)lJ a tack (nail). Paku payong a kind of nail with a large round head. Paku skru (Eng.) a screw. Paku-kan d to nail. Palam to stopper, to cmk. Paling to turn the head. Palit to rub anything off the finger (as Malaya, when eating sireh, rub off ohunam from their fingers on to the wall or floor). Palong t a trough. Palu to strike, to beat. Palftpah split bamboos woven into a pattern and used for the sides and partitions of Malay houses. Pimah ..... f!:\t swampy land as

    PAGE 114

    PAM -100PAN distinguished from high dry ground. Pllmor watering, veining, or damascening of the blade of a weapon. Panah a bow (for arrows). Pan as l.l"'_jl_j hot, warm; heat [Usually of the heal of the sun or atmosphere. Artificially heated, Hangat.] Plinat tired, weary. Pllnat ..JJ to pant. Panau small white spots on the skin which come and go. Panchang a stake in water. Panching k"" to fish. Panchor-an a pipe, a conduit, a spout. [Panchor-an is open (as a trough); Salor-an closed.] PanchOr-an ayer ;-,!I a gutter (as on the eaves of a house), a cascade. Panchut an llyer r.l o,-?.;.J. a fountain. Pandan 0.W a shrub in appear ance very like Mangkuang, and of the same family. Pandang gaze, to stare, to look at, to view, to observe. Pandei (Sans.) clever, shrewd, wise, ingenious. [The same root as Pandits.] Pan dei Mr-chitkap -..illL:;,.-j. eloquent, witty. Pandei a black smith. {Lit. clever with iron.] Pandei smart in repartee. Pandtta (Sans.) a philosopher, a scholar. Pandu a pilot, a leader. Panggang F to roast; roasted. oili to roast. Panggil to call, to send for, to summon, to invite. Panggil 04!4+) to recall. Panggong wllyang E a theatre. origin, the cause. Pangkal pahll 4'.J..G> the hip. Pangkat degree, rank, station. Pangku fo the lap. Panjang t?"" length; long. Panjang prolix. Panjang kliki L.,fll can't be still.

    PAGE 115

    PAN -101-PAR Panjang lldah loquacious. Panjang mata <::.>l.o inqui sitive. Panjang thief; inclined to steal. to lengthen. Panjat to climb. a flag. Pan tang p temporarily stopped from doing something(as when put on diet, or not eating meat on Friday). Pantas active, nimble, lively, brisk, expert. Pan the anus. the sea-shore, the coast, a beach, a strand. Pantun 0_,:.:;:; a poem, a verse or verses, usually consisting of four short lines rhyming alternately, the meaning being often veiled in metaphor. Papak wuW an hermaphrodite. [More common, Darei <.3}>.] Papan o-->L.o a board, a plank; of board, of plank. Papan batu o--0\; a elate (for writing). Fa pan cbator ,;,:>'l:;;-o>l; a draught-board, chess-board. Papan gantong c.f\; a shelf, Papfia the fruit papaya. [The immense quantities of this fruit growing in New Guinea may have given the name Papfia to the place and people. Papfia is tbe name given by the natives of New Guinea to the fruit papaya. The Malays now un derstand Papfia to mean H friz.zled ", as the hair of the Papfians. The Malays call the papaya fruit Bfiah betek Para shelf, a frame for creeping plants. Arang para soot. Parang [;\; a bill-hook. Parau _,} hoarse. Paras Lr} features. Pliri <.3} a fairy. Parit """"} a drain, a diteh, a trench, a moat, a canal. N.roh ._,} the beak. Paru-paru r_,} the lungs. Paruan 01_,j (Hind.) the yard of a mast. Parut <::.>_,11; a scar. Parut-kan er<.:;_,} to grate.

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    PAS -102-PAW Pasak a peg (fastening). PAsang t-1> a pair; to light, to kindle, to discharge a gun, to shoot with fire-arms; to set, to fix. together; rising(ofthe tide). To make and light a fire Pelkat api. Pasang op t-1> to sot a trap or snare. Pasang the top of high water. Pasang suruto-'Jr' the tides. [Lit. rising and falling, or flowing and ebbing. Pasar a market, a bazaar. PAsir sand, grit .. Piisok ._:;_,..,1; a troop (company). Pasong the to confine, to put in restraint. Pasong-kan to put in the stocks. Pasu a flower-pot. Patah to break, to snap; also Sa'patahone word. Piitek ,V.. ... a slave, a servant. [The commonest form of ex pressing the pronoun of the first peroon when used by an inferior to a RAja, or between Riijaswhen theyoungerwishos to show respect to the elder or superior in office.] Patlut ofo a pencil. [Not Malay, but understood in Singapore.] Patong E_, an image of wood, stone, metal, or plaster. J_,..;:.; a kind of cucumber. Piitut ..,....:.w right, proper, fit, reasonable, suitable, fitting, meet, lawful; ought. Pau a measure of capa city. [Lit. a quarter.] 4 Pau make I CMpak. [See ChO.pak.] Pauh the thigh. Paun (Eng.) weights for scales. [Not understood in the Malay States.] Paus or !kan paus a whale. Paut o_,U to Jay hold. [Used when urging on rowers-Paut! Paut!] Pawang a sorcerer, a clever person whose services are called in when it is thought that the practise of a little magic will aid in securing the desired result. Pawei 15_,u a bride or bride groom when carried, walking,

    PAGE 117

    PAY -103PEor riding in the bridal pro cession. PAya LSU a swamp, a marsh, a morass. PAyah >,!IJ difficult. PAyau _,.IJ brackish. PAyong E_ }'!Lj a parasol, an umbrella. Payu sorry. dismissed. to discharge a person, to dismiss, to turn out, to depose. i:;>-' a sword. PMas pungent, strong. PMAti a vehicle, a cart, a carriage. PMer .)..;..:, unpleasant to the taste (like unripe fruit). PMih 1>-,l..U a sore; to smart, to pain. to hold, to retain, to grapple, to take hold. kamo.di '-Q.)_,..J' to steer. [Lit. to hold the rudder.] pAjak Wi.:?-\J to rent a monopoly. a post, a station, an office. to seize. P6hak a tribe, a section, a faction. Njal (as iron), tough and strong (as the muscle). ....JUG daf. 0..s:J; a village, a market. [Properly a place where things are bought and sold.] 0<\.::-;J work, work manship, labour, task, business, occupation, a post, an office, an employment, a profession (see Pelat to mispronounce, to speak with a bad accent; hav ing a bad accent. ttek ;Jo a screw. 4.ti (Pers.) a lamp. ll.pi to make and light a fire. a pitfall (trap for game or beasts). [Besides the means of forming substantives described in the notes to J abll.t an and Ka-babllng-an, another common form is where the radical (of whatever part of speech) takes a prefix of or sometimes with tho

    PAGE 118

    PE--104-PE-affix uan" added and some times without. A substantive so formed usually denotes an agent or instrument of the meaning conveyed by the radical. The prefix takes the form of when the radical begins with l, m, or p followed by a con sonant, thus: a pit fall; passionate; war. When the radical begins with p followed by a vowel, the substantive is formed by dropping the p and prefixing as: Pukol, a mallet; Pandang, dang-an, sight. If the initial letter of the radical bet, the substantive is formed by dropping the t and prefixing thus: TAkut, a coward. The prefix takes the form of before eh, d and j, as: a thief; ditpat-an, earnings; a pedlar.It appears however that when the radical begins with eh, the prefix sometimes takes the form and drops the eh as more euphonious, thus: Chll.chok, The prefix takes the form before vowels, and before g and h, as: an, a complaint: a suite; a litter; a chief; a spade. When the radical begins with k, the prefix also takes the form dropping the k, thus : ; Kuet, If the radical begins with the letter s, the substantive is formed by prefixing uPt\ny" and dropping the s, as: Sitkit, sickness.] ..J_,.ij to embrace, to grasp, to clasp in the arms. !J):}# a ball, a bullet. Nm-Akal js'W oakum, tow. [Ses note to N-lll.bang.] a stopper. sight. "JW passionate, quarrelsome.

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    PEM -105payment, a remittance. [See note to bang.] a butcher. pinggang a sash (round the waist). a liar. gift, a present. a murderer. murder. the border, edge, or coast of a country. .]>'_,....... a mallet (from Pukol). a blunderbuss. ;)lW small shot. "'-'_,)W a coward. [See note to a ferry-boat. J'W an antidote, a re medy for sickness. Penchang limping. livelihood, an object of pursuit. [See note to Pe-lllbang.] the five senses. Pen-cMri a thief, a robber. [See note to Pe-ldbang.] earnings. Pendek low in stature, short. clasp of a-girdle. ji.JG.;.; a ploughman. 0;> an enigma, a riddle, a difficult question. Peng-adu ,..lW a plaintiff. [See note to 0i_,..lW a statement, a representation, a complaint. -..JY.W a sieve. 0?oo instruction, learning., aku _,l'W a hostage. a foundation. &W a cake. a latch. [See note to laki-laki bridegroom. oY..} a bride. shalr .r" t;ooa poet. a lover. ._,...w a nurse. j,U...; a sentinel, a watchman.

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    -106-PEN a paddle. dW.. recoilection. a sickle. [There are three instruments with which the padi is cut, one the a knife edge on a thin piece of board with a bamboo in it to give purchase. This instrument is used by the women with much dexterity, bnt as only one stalk at a time is cut the work is slow.;"s.tbit" is a sickle, and is commonly used by Chinese in reaping. Malaymen reap with the"Tue" or (either name is used), a stick about two feet long with a sharp hook at the end like a gaff. With this in strument one or root (about 10 stalks) is cut at a time.] a port-fire, any light or match for firing a cannon. a spade. [See note a peg (for hanging). a rake. -.J.:jp a spur. a mill, a roller. a loader, a chief. [See note to pinggang girdle. [See note to N-lllbang.] (Jav.) a native title of rank. train, a suite, followers. dl.(;;; a mart. a military com mander, a leader in a battle, a captain on shore. Pengsan swoon; senseless, in a trance; to faint. wisdom, knowledge, learning. [Ano ex ception to the rule under lllbang, which drops the t, and prefixes "Pen" in the sub stantive.] a spur. ;-4' a carver, an engraver. bellows. f:;--fo a hammock, a litter or means of conveyance carried by bearers.

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    -107giddy,dizzy; to swim (as the head). (Port.) a pin. a pedlar.! See note te a prison, a gaol. to imprison. a gambler. a potter. an inward corner; a quarter of an or long. w;...,.... ._;._; full to overflowing, crowded. Nnoh-kan to fill. a plaintiff, a pro secutor. <.:,.-J a sickle. [See note to js'.,...A.ii a hammer (from an accomplice. p a keeper, a war-der, a guard, an overseer. malady, illness, sickness, disease [See note to cMchar small-pox. hawar J'U> cholera. kl\rang E_;IS venereal disease. Nny-Akit r!ja 0 ) car buncle (the disease). a bolt. highwayman, a robber. a broom, a sweeper, a brush. 0_,Y, a steamship. pincers, tongs. m!ta oLo jug a spy. [gler. (Jav.) a sea-turtle. I cMchok a fork. to Nny-(lloh a torch. a cork, a stopper. probe. gigi fl a tooth-pick. a messenger. a wet-nurse. a battle, a war. [See note to Ferai
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    PER -108-PER Perak silver. a native of. [Per"-a particle prefix of constant form used in the for mation of derivative substan tives; it is sometimes abbre viated, especially in conversa tion, to as Perang light-yellow, or light-brown. a trap. [In this case the initial t of the radical Tangkap has been dropped for the sake of euphony.] cf>;!f a procession. maiat cP)j a funeral procession. yj (Sans.) ancient. work, work manship, manL&facture, action, act, deed. tilhanif>_,:i<:}"!,.;}na-1 tural (opposed to manufactured). kain (Pers ) a rag, a remnant of stuff, a torn fragment. to trust, to believe. and kan to sprinkle, to splash, to spatter. oL;:.q,-} affection, sorrow. l.o_,.;:,-} no use, in vain, uselessly. mantri a Vizier. the base of a tree, a number of stalks springing together and forming as it were one root. if>_,..>LS a row, a riot, a disturbance. Nr-gal&ng-an if'JIJ} a dock, a place for beaching vessels, [The district in Singapore cal led Kallang is probably a mis pronunciation of G;'tlang.] r3} a large wild pigeon. .__,.3 j to go! to depart. .j-13 j the wrist. a-l.#>} ornaments. the revolution of heavenly bodies. a journey, a walk. an entertain ment. bargain, a contract, an agreement, a pro mise, a treaty.

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    -109u-l'IS} a tool, an instrument, an implement, a utensil, a thing, moveables. the eusignia of royalty, regalia. rftmah ""-'J j furniture. j (Hind.) a case, a circumstance, a transaction, an affair, a thing, an item, a sub ject, a clause, articles (divi sions of subjects). ..rJS} valiant, mighty. paste, glue; to ce ment. [From a word, a speech, an oration, a state ment, a saying. sindir y..J.J-dl.;.:{} sarcasm. kawat o_,IS 0ip>} a telegram. softly, slowly, quietly, leisurely. game, a sport, an amusement, fun, recreation. ol.oj a gem, a jewel, a precious stone. a rising ground, a low hill. LS"} (Pers.) fair, graceful. Nrmld&ni a carpet. 0J} ever. ri;; (Hind.) at the full. Bfilan moon. commerce, trade, merchandise. LS?L..w; a side; sided. Ampat kain o:!IS a suit of clothes. a homage, a present or offering from an inferior to a RAja or superior. r'u} first. 0
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    PER -110-P1L a show, (exhibition). a pro verb. (Hind.) to rear, to breed, to nourish. Piatu .,:>'W an orphan. Pichah '"f."' to break, to break to pieces ; broken. Pichah hanchor ;7-f,_;_g, to smash. Pichah-an j..;IS o+f.',_; a shipwreck. Pichah masok.._o...L. "'f,Jito break in. Pichah-an ombak 04;--o_,l dlf."' breakers, surf. P!chit and P!chit-kan to nip, to squeeze, to pinch, to squeeze the limbs ("massage"). Pichu the trigger of a gun. [Not Malay, adopted and un derstood.] P!jak to tread. Pljak .. kan to trample. Pljat a bug. Plkat a large lly which infests the jungle and greally harasses elephants, horses, and other animals, as well as human beings. Plkul carry, to bear; a weight equivalent to 133llbs. A voir. Plleh 4 to choose, to pick, to elect, to prefer; chosen. Plleh-kan to select, to single out.

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    PIL -111PLA sympathy, concern; concerned; a description of boat. Pimpin to guide, conduct. Plnang to ask in marriage, to make an offer of marriage. Bllah plnang the betel or areca nut. Plnang-Pinang the kidneys. Pindah emigrate, to move, to change house. Pindah-kan to shift, to remove, to transplant (all trailsi-live). Pinding buckle of a belt. Pinggan a plate, a dish, Pinggang the waist. Alo a smalt white hug which des troys the rice; the name has prob,.bly been given because the insect attakcs joint or waist of the stalk. The insect is also called \..4. Pinjam to borrow. Pinta! j.M; to spin, to twine. a door. Pinto t:Jf gate. Plpeh flat, smooth. Pipi ...s. the cheek. Plpis to bruir.e, to mash, to reduce to pulp. Pipit a sparrow. Plring &r.' a saucer. Plsang Ha banana, a plain lain. [These aro some of the varie ties: Plsang bil.tu, Mas, Bring in, Panggang, Klat, RAja, Ijau, Gll.ding, Rotan, Brangan,Jfirum,Mil.nyit,Pfthit, Udang, Kling, Pendik, Utan, Susu, Abu, Abu kling, Jari buftia, Tandok. Pisau _,.-.;; a knife. Pisau chUkor f _r.r _,,.._;. a razor. Pisau .h-fS' a penkife. Pisau wali L.Ji_, a small knife. Plta ribbon, lace. Plta Mnang t4 tape. Pltam F. fits, convulsions. Pltis very small copper coin, piee. Pltri l.SJ:;:, solder; borax. Phltang (opposed to debts). PlAjar-an a lesson, train ing. Plana a saddle.

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    PLA -112PRE gently. [The spelling in the vernacular is Plandok a mousedeer. Plangi a rainbow. Plantak ..._;;;.:ili a ramrod. Plantar a floor, a stage, a jetty. Plauak '-'-'Jl> a buffoon, jester. PlAyar-an 017-)lj a voyage. to bring up, to take care of, to breed, to feed, to nourish. cfip to maintain, to support. Plater .:.:J.> talkative. -' .. very good or very bad -sometimes used in one sense and sometimes in the other. Pllpis the tomples. Pluh sweat, perspiration. Pluk .3_,!.> to embrace. Pohun kayu >.!15 a tree. POko' :,-5 _,..; a shrub; principal, capital, prime cost. Poko' anggor ;f11 ':Jf _;.a grape_ vine. Poko' kayn >.!15 _,; a tree. Poko' o)L. vine, a creeping plant. POko' yang -:,-5 _,.j ..lli r. a palm tree. Polong E _,.J_,..; a familiar spirit, evil spirit. Pondok a shed, a hut. Pongsu ;-i> an ant-hill. POtong {!!_,> to cut, to deduct, to oubtract. Potong A yam-to kill a fowl. Poyang &-:/great-great-greatgrand-parent. Prada .>lj (Port.) tinsel. Pragang f!i} scaffolding. Prah } and Prah-kan c::f9j to express, to squeeze, to wring out. Prah susu Y"Y" j to milk. Prais (Eng.) a prize. [Understood in the Straits only.] Pritn oA'Lplayer .. {comedian). Prang c_j a battle, a war. Prilngei t.S"'f humour, temper. Prau a boat. Prau titmbang boat hire. Prawan 0-'lj a virgin. Preksa W} (Pers.) to search, to examine, to enquire. Preksa-kan cfl-3} to scrutinize, to verify, to question, to in terrogate.

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    PRE -113PUK 0!,-Loj a woman, a wife; female. [It seems proba ble that this word is derived from punya sahya or sahya-my property.] a boundary, a limit. (Contracted from hengga-an.] Prentah jurisdiction, to rule. Prentah-an ifWj a government, a rule, an administration. Pri a circumstance, mode, fashion, nature. Pri ha! JL> L3} a method, a condition. Pri kAla. oiS L3} an idiom. Prigi L.j..} a well. Priok W}!} an earthenware pot. Prlok _;1 a shell (for cannon). Prisci shield. Prompak a pirate, a robber. Prum r-';-0 a sounding-lead. [Probably from the English uPJumb," to sound.] Prut "'-'-'} the stomach, the belly, the abdomen. Puas L!"'),J and Puas hAii U"'),J j;l$ satisfied, content. .Puas mlnum L!"'!,.Ji to quench thirst. Puba L!"'!,.> a fast. Pnas-kan Mti t5"1$ to satisfy. .. sallow, pale, wan. Pll.chok a shoot, a sprout, the top of a hill, membt'Um virile. Puchong a moorhen. Puji (Hind.) praise, llattery. Pnji-kan to llatter, to praise. Pll.jok and Pll.jok-kan to coax, to persuade, to sooth, to pacify. Pll.kang t:J _,..; a cross-stick used for catching crocodiles. The bait is placed on this stick. Pll.kat d a drag-net, a seine. Pukau _,.5 _,; a drug ; drugged. Pukol J>_,j to beat, to knock, to thrash, to thrash grain, to multiply (in arithmetic). Pukol cbabok if-> j>_,..; whip. Pukol Uwat o,IS and Pukol telegrap to tele graph.

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    PUK -114-PukollO.bang "t;:) js' _,j to broke. 6rang pukollO.bang-a broker. Pukol M si l5"'"i js' _,;to shoe a horse. j_,> also, again, likewise. PO.lang t-J_,j to depart home, to go back. PO.lang-kan cflJ_r> to restore, to return (transitive). PO.Ias to wring the neck (as of a fowl), to twist round, to screw round. Pulban the fruit puliisan. Pulau _,..J_,j an island. Pulau <:) Sumatra. PO.loh a decimal adjunct. Sa'pO.loh-ten; dO.a pO.loh-twenty. PO.lor pith. Pulut ;.:.!,; a particular kind of rice, oriza g lutinosa. Pun0_,o a constant particle affixed to all parts of speech, for em phasis or euphony. Punai ._;,,; a green pigeon. Puncha that part of a sArong where the pattern is different, sometimes called s&ro"ng; the corner of a handker chief, the end of a string. Pundi-Pundi (Hind.) a purse. Punggah .JG_,; to unlade, to discharge cargo. Punggok an owl. Punggong e_:J;l_,; the anus. PO.ngut to gather, to pick up, to glean. Puntong e__,.-;_,; a eunuch. Puntong k!yu y.lli' f.P the on burnt portion of a partially consumed log or stick. Pun tong is similarly applied to a torch or cigar. Punya of, own (possessive). [See note to Dla punya.] P1l.put to smelt ore. Pura-pura tiy_,> to pretend. Puru :!J JJ; an ulcer. Porus U":!!JJ; a skewer of wood or iron. P1l.sar to whirl (o! wa ter). PusAr-an 1\yer y.l a whirl pool, an eddy. P1l.sat a navel. PO.sing to whirl, to turn round (intransitive). P1l.sing-kan to turn round (transitive). PO.tar bAlik to preva ricate.

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    PUT -115-RAI Putar-an 0)\.:i_,> a crane, a wind lass. PO.tar-kan aS _,.:;.,3 to turn (as a handmill). PO.teh white. Pftting bllong &-" a waterspout. Raba y) to grope. Rabla (ft; (Ar) Spring. The two months of the Muhammadan calendarR11bl-al-awal and Rabl-al-akhir mean respec tive! yuthe beginningofSpring" and uthe end of Spring". Rabit to tear; torn (as the ear when an earring is violent ly torn out; also of a torn finger-nail, &c.). Rabok Wi.i) tinder. Rabut ""Y-) to snatch, to take, to rob. Rachun o,=?-") poison. Raga 3) a wicker ball. Ragam r,S) (Sans.) a song, a tune. Ragi yeast. Rl1hang t!'; the jaws. R PO.tus break o:ff; broken. PO.tus-asa lrl despair; hopeless. PO.tus-kan to decide, to conclude, to settle (transitive). PO.yuh ....,,..... and BO.rong pO.yuh i:JJI the quail. Rahat spinning or thread making machine. Rahlm I'"*""'"_; (Ar.) mercy, com passion. Rahman a+='"; (Ar.) merciful (as the Doily). Rahsla (Sans.) a secret, a mystery; private. (Sound the h). Rala 1.5) festive, great. Hari rala -a festival. Jil.lan. ralaa high road. Ralap --Y) to creep (as an ant, or a plant creeping on the ground). Rii.iat """*"; (Hind.) a peasant, a subject, common people, po pulace,inhabitants.[Sometimes used to signify the Abori gines.]

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    RAJ -116-RAN RAja ;;:) (Hind.) a king; royal. Bangsa rAja of royal birth. mo.da l.>_,..o G) the heir apparent. Ril.ja 0 ) a prin cess, the queen-regent. Rilja-wali .11, G) an eagle. Rajin tf.,'?-1; active, diligent, iJ! dustrious, careful, mindful, at tentive, zealous, tho.ughtful. Ril.jin vigilant. ur.) sulky; to fret. See Raj ut or.) to tack (in the sense -of to sew roughly), to. mend anything roughly and tempo rarily. RAkit a raft. Raksa WJ mercury, quicksilver. Raksba U"WJ (Hind.) a giant. Rama-rAma rr) a butterfly. Ramas l.!"""') to knead. Rambun c:r-+'""J hail (congealed rain). Ram but oy.-o) hair of the head. Rambut tkal oy.-
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    RAN -117-reach of a river. [Frequently also the reaches of a river are counted by the bends, so many utanjong"I. "Rantau" means also district, neighbourhood. Rantei ._?j a chain. Rantei kangkang f:?.) ._?J fetters, shackles. Rantek a rush (plant). Ranting FJ a twig, ,a sprig. RAnum over ripe. close, tight, touching; to go close to. RApoh fragile, btittle. (for driving). Rasa flavour, taste, relish, sense of feeling, taste, &c.; to taste, to handle, to feel. a sensation; seemingly. Rasok a tie-beam. RasO.I J,-.-J (Ar.) an apostle. Rasll.l-1-0.IIah .!!1 J,-J (Ar.) the Apostle of God, Muhammad. [In pronunciation,beingArabic, the final l of RasO.I is doubled, and the sound of that final syllable is carried to the first syllable of the following word.] Rata o) flat, level, thorough, all over. rata-rltta make a thorough search. Rata-rltta everywhere. Ratap to lament, to wail. R!Ltna cfJ (Sans.) a jewel. Ratus hundred. Rauh (Hind.) the dragon which during an eclipse is sup posed to be eating the moon. RAwa a net for catching prawns. Rawah swamp. Rawan anxious, concerned. (Pers) a Malay violin. to fall with a crash (as a man or a tree). er':) a fowl-house. a drum, a tambour ine. [The has only one face; the two or one.] young shoots of the bamboo. to boil. RMam r'"'J to dash down, to break in pieces. RMeh 'Y-'J a nursery for plants. RMup ....;_,_,) cloudy, misty. !"'"J. to stone to death. EJ to stretch across(like a clothes line).

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    -118-R1A I>'J echo. yi>'J (Sans.) stirrup. _,J) a smelting house. J...) loose (in particles). E__,..l; an orlong (equal to 1-} acres). (Corresponds to the English acre, only is } larger, 3 orlongs making 4 acres. 4 make 1 4 make 1 Orlong. The is commonly a fathom or 6 feet lineal measure, but in this case it is a square or 36 square feet.] noon, midday. sinjat'"'-' gloaming, just before Sinja kala. the sago palm. r.._.___.J spices. (Commonly means the ground up condiments which form the flavouring of the dish called curry.] to run against, to charge. and to swim. Renda (Port.) lace. .A.i; low. humble. rW; to steep, to soak, to rinse. Rendang dwarfed but hav ing spreading branches (of trees only). t}:1; ajar, shaky, not tightly fastened. Rengka L.l(.:;;J a pannier used on elephants; a skeleton. the throat, the windpipe. to look at, to gaze. to stretch. t""'J a local practice or custom not so strong as adat. t-''-"-J a disease which eats away the nose from the inside. (Eng.) a receipt. (Adopted in the Straits Settle ments.] -..iU"; a crack; to crack; cracked. Rlang ,&:) askew, off the straight like a saddle slipping down on one side; to back-water in rowing. R!ang an unpleasant noise. [The talking of Tamils is spoken of as R!ang.]

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    R!A -119RUG Rlang-rlang a cicala (the winged insect which makes the strident screaming noise in the jungle). RiM (Ar.) interest of money. Rlba the lap. Rlbu thousand. Rlbut a gale, a storm, a hurricane, a tempest. Rim J a tiger. Rimba forest, virgin jungle. RincMna the compliments at the commencement of all ceremonious Malay letters, the draft of a letter. Rindu _,.,w) to desire, to want; anxious. Rindu-kan d-'wJ to pine for, to long for. Ringan (not heavy). Ringgit a dollar. Rintek.__;;;.:,;)n drops. Ujan rintekrintek -drizzle. Rloh ..,:) noise, loud expression of mirth. Risan _,-,.:) distressed, anxious. RitM w) (Ar.) pleased. <::.>.l!,.,>:) (Ar.) customary compliments. R6bak rabek Wi.!-'; ragged. ROda 1..>_,; (Port.) a wheel. Roko' _;s'_,J Malay cigarettes. The covering is made of the dried N!pah shoot. Roko' is also used to mean cigars. Rong t-'J.a hall. Rongga hollow. Ronggeng a dance. R6n yeh ""':!-' J to ruffie. R6Rak ._ji,w-'J to damage, to perish (come to harm); spoilt, damag ed. R6sak-kan to injure, to spoil, to destroy, to waste. R6tan cfi-'; rattan, wicker-work, cane. [There are several kinds of rattan, the uR6tan bras", the best of all; 2, uRotan 3, iiyer"; 4, Ro tan bil.tu". R6ti 6; (Hind.) bread. R6ti panggang F 6; toast. Ruas U"-'J a joint of a reed, or of the finger. Rftbing &.b; a gunwale. Rftboh "-/-') to fall down; fallen (used of large things, houses falling or landslips). Rftboh-kan to throw down. to lose(incur loss);lost-

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    RlJG -120-SA'B Rl1gul j.S_,J rape; to seduce, to violate, to deflower, to rape. Rub c:;-'; (Ar.) the spirit. (Ar.) the Holy Spirit. Rl1m r-'J (Ar.) Constantinople.. nl1a rl1m-the TurkishEmpire, also ancient Rome. Ruma L.._,J hair of the body, bristles. Rl1mab .._.,) a house, a residence, home. Rfimah i\pi c}l .._.,)a lighthouse. Rfimah council chamber, a courthouse. Rfimah chi\kap ...._.,) an idiom. Rfimah chfikei cus tom house. Rfimah pi\song E__, ""'-'J a police station. Rfiman Ll"-'Jears of grain after the grain has been thrashed out. Rumpang in a feaSa 1.... a, one. Siiat (Ar.) a second, an instant, s ture of the head. rum pang sa'blah -one ear wanting. Rumpun the shoots from one root. Rumput o_,i;AJ grass. Rumput kring &J o_,....J hay. Rungut to mumble. Runtoh and Runtoh-kan to break down, to demolish, to raze, to ruin. Rfipa '-"-'J (Sans.) form, shape, figure, image, appearance, fashion, reflection, (reflected object). Rfipa-nya l!:l\;-'J seemingly. Ruplah a rupee (about ls 4d). Rfisa L..._,J a Sambur-deer. Rfisa babi L..._,J a hog-deer. R1is11 Mt!na L..._,J a doe. R1isa jantan L..._,J a stag, a buck (Sambur). R1isok WLw,J or Tl1lang r1isok WLw,J tJ_,:; rib. Sa'bantar j-4-wan instant; a while. Sa'bantar ini o:!l f-4-w immedia tely, just now.

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    SA'B -121SAG Sa'hantar LJ':l soon, presently, hy and by. Sa'Mnyak 0i..J4as much as, as many as. Silbltr r (Ar.) patient. Sa'bil.rang [;4any. Sa'batang a qualitative par ticle used with long things, such as spears, &c. See BAtang. Sabda (Hind.) an order, a command (not oi a ruler but of a chief). [The command of a ruler is Tltah.J Sa'bldang See Bldang. Sa'bgi a qualitative par ticle used with loaves, cannon, and eggs. See Biji. Sa'bllah See Bllah. Sil.bit a sickle, a scythe. Sa'blah a side; towards, in the direction of. Dla mil.ri sa'blah sahya-he is coming towards me. Haluan-nya tuju ka'Singapfira -the prow was pointed towards Singapore. Sa'blah sahya my side, towards me. Sa'blah both sides. Sa'blah util.ra Sa'blas eleven. Sabok ..3y1l-a girdle. Sil.bong i:_r.L...w to flash, to sally out and return, to attack and retreat, to fight as game cocks. Ayam sil.bong-a game cock. See Sa'brapa baik yang Mlih as well as you can. Sa' Mkas Li"-.J(J ulr,-w or Sa'brapa yang Mlih ulr as quickly as possible. Sa'Mah See Bliah. Sa'bfilih-nya posible. Sa'bulfim rfrbefore. Sa'bUifim sahya sampei dla matihe died before I arrived. Sa bun (Port.) soap. Sabot o>ilcocoanut husk. SMor !-''-'"to gild. Sadup ,.J_,.>La sickle. Sa'ekor )f4See Ekor. <:!JL...w a pea, a red bean used in weighing. .J.;.$:the whole, every. a handful. Sagi '-.JL-a side (of a geometrical figure). Sil.gor J:JLa dog-out (boat).

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    SAG -122SA'K Sago )'L.. sago. (Ar.) true, sure, undoubted, proved; really. Sa'Mri bO.Ianaly,<-5)4-new moon. Sa'Mri Mri r._,)idaily. Sa'hele Jt-. See Hele. Sa'hengga as far as. Sahib (Hind.) master. Slliut a reply; to reply. Sahya me. [Originally this word seems to have meant a slave, but now it has lost that meaning, and is the word most commonly used by Europeans to express the first personal pronoun, whilst "you" is best rendered politely by uTuan". The Malays commonly use "1ku" for ''I", and", "Angkau", or "Awak" (if fa miliar) for "YOu". "Angkau" is also often rendered by "Kau", or, in Province Wellesley and Kedah, by "Hang", and is ge nerally used in speaking to servants or the lower classes. In Perak "I" and "you" are familiarly rendered by "Teman" and "Mika". In writing, "Beta" or "Kita" represents "I", and "Sehabat-Mta" or "Sehabat-k!ta", "you". Sahya punya my, mine. [See note to Dla puny a, p. 36.] Saiang &.L..regret,commiseration. Saiang-kan to pity, to commiserate. SRiap the wing (of a bird). S!iup u_r.!L.w a faint and distant sound. S!iat to pare (as in peeling fruit with a thin skin). Sil.ior J,-L.. vegetables. Sais '-"""
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    SA'K -123SAL PAyong tlga kAki three umbrellas. Sa'kAwan 0_,1.J(.. a swarm (as of bees), a flock (of cattle). Sa'kAyu >.!\.J(..a piece (as of cloth, silk). an instant, a mo ment, a twinkling. [Clearly the same word as. (a wink), but the difference in pronun ciation of the last syllable is marked.] a bit, a piece, a slice, a scrap; a qualitative particle used with most things which can be divided. whilst, during. Sa'kian d:fso many, so much. SAkit oick, ill, diseased; to be ill, to pain, to ache. Sllit gigi t.!-J to have toothache. SAkit Mti c$'"L9> offended; to bear ill-will towards. SAkit tr6k ...:;_,_;. danger ously sick. Sa'kodi ..sVfo a score (twenty). Sa'krllt <:;Jja division, a piece, a bit, a scrap. Saksi a witness. Sakti (Hind.) supernatural. Saku _,..ll... (Port.) a sack, a bag, a pouch. Sa'kll.nyang-kll.nyang rf:.,!-:f--. sud denly. SA'!Agi .}J" long as. SA!ah ..JL.. a mistake, an offence, a sin, a crime, wrong, guilty. Salah ..JL.. o SA!ah J,}-o ..JL.. to misun derstand; misunderstood. SUah suata <:;J!,-..JL.. either. Salah ll.rat <:;J>-'1 ..JL.. a sprain. SA!ak ._;i.lL.. to bark (of a dog). Sa'laksa l,....;;.l... ten thousand. Salitm (Ar.) a salutation. L.....L.. whilst, during, as long as. Sa'litma ini o--:!1 L.-L.. heretofore, as yet. Sa'litma-lama L..l..L. for ever. Salamat '-""-":L.w safety; safe, secure, saved from danger. Salamat Mr-jumpal.4:;-;i =-"':. the customary salutation when meeting. Sl'lamat datang ._....L.. wel come. Salamat di-dalam shurga ,;; r salvation.

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    SAL -124SAM Sal:l.mat jiUan all:?-"""'::iw fare wen, good-bye. [Said to a per son going.] Sal:l.mat tinggalJ.iG:; """'::iw fare wen, good-bye. [Said by the person going to those who remain.] save from danger. SAlang tJL.w an article made of rattan, hanging from the ceil ing, on which is placed any thing to be kept from cats, rats, &c. Sa'langkah a step, a pace, a stride. SiUang-kan cfiJL.w to place on a uSaJang". Sa'lAput a membrane, a caul, a covering. SaiAsa .:::.)l:l Tuesday (ThaiAtha ). Sallb (Ar.) a cross Sallb-kan to crucify. SAiin to copy, to transcribe; to pour or put from one vessel into another. sAiin kain to change clothes. SAiin ka'dAiam bhAsa U"4-! to translate into the -: language. SalOr-an a pipe, a conduit. [Panch6r-an is open, as a trough; Salor-an closed.] Salut-kan to plate (as with silver or gold), to overlay; to wrap up in anything. SAma rl..w Ijke, alike, equal, the same; with. With a knife pisau. He came with meDla dAtang sahya. Perak and an its Perak taYiok-nya. SAma ini 0"-1 if-> rl..w the same as this. SAmajftga 3 _,.:::--rl..wjust alike; it's all one, it's all the same. SAma rftpa-nya ltjlj'J rl..w to resemble. sAma r rl..w together. SAmak-kan to tan (hides). Sa'mAiam r-IL.w last night. Samambn y..+
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    SAM 125 -SAN Sambar pow to pounce. Sambil j.;.w whilst, at the same time as. S'ambllan Sambong-kan to join, to splice. Sambut and Sambut-kan to greet, to welcome, to take, to receive (into the hands or as a guest). Sa m but Mngan to receive with cere mony. Sambut meriam ""Y--"" rlf' to salute with guns. Saminjak ..... whilst, since. Sampah ..a... dirt, rubbish. Sampak the metal ferrule which joins the blade of a spear to the sJ;taft. Sampan a boat. Sampan jMor canoe. Sampan tambang b' a ferry-boat. Sampang F Malay varnish. [Chinese and English varnish aro known as "Warnish"]. Sampei to come, to reach, to arrive; till, uniil, up to. Sampei J.l'Y ever. Sampei llmor .rs' marriage able (of sufficient age). Sampei sa'Urang hitherto. Sampar plague, a pestilence, murrain. Sampir the cross piece in the sheath of a kris. Sa'mllka-kan cf1s' _,....,to confront, to bring face to face. S:l.mun 0yol..w highway robbery; to waylay, to rob, to pillage, to plunder. [Also applied when the robbery is committed on a river.] Samun-kan cru_,..Lw to rob. Sanak wul..w relation, kin. Sandar to lean against. S:l.ngat very, extremely. and are placed before the adjective, and uSkAli" after it; ''SAngat" is placed either before or after the adjective, but usually the latter.] a fold of hair; to roll or fold the hair. Sangka' an omen. thought; to think, to imagine, to sup pose, to guess.

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    SAN -126SAP iiangkar fo-a cage, a cage for birds. Sangsara [To stone to deathr'?); death by impalingSula Sangkut o_,..(..L. aground (of a boat); to stick (meet an ob struction). Santan ,JMcocoanut pulp. to to dine. [Said of Rajas.] Santa p-an dl.M... repast. [Said of Rajas.] Santiba constantly. Sanliin 0 ,....._ modest. Sa'orang tJ5a person, an indi vidual, some one. Sa'orang mannsia tJ5-a human being. Sa'orang <;:4-t.J)alone. Sa'pli.ki1t unanimous. Sa'panjang as long as. Sa'panjang malam r-ll.o all through the night. brace, a couple, a pair, a match .. Sa'patah ..:."La one word. [In conversation, it is usual to omit the context preventing misunderstanding.] leaving. Sapi bison, wild cattle. Sa'potong t!_,i-a slice. Sapor yjl.... a lean-to. Sa'pranggu .#;-"-a set (of but-tons). Sapo_,&..., to sweep, to brush, to stroke. Sapu chli.t to paint. Sapu mlnyak _,:;L... to oil. S.apu tangan ifl:i a handkerchief. Sa'pnak ... a swarm (of peo ple), relations, people of one faction. Sapu-kan to wipe. Sa'pilchok a qualitative particle used with letters and muskets. Sa'pilloh ..S_,L. ten. Sa'pilloh Jaksa l-..Ji.J ..S_,l.w a lac (100,000). Sa'pupu a first cousin. Saput o_,>l.... above (as when a vine grows up its support and overtops it, or when clouds hang on the summit of a hill Gfinong. di saput awan, a cloud-swept hill).

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    sAR ...... 127SA.R SiOrang E,;L... a nest (of birds, &c.). Strang bilrong tJ)/ E.JL... a bird's nest. SiOrang liOba-liOba ry":ll E.JL... spid er's web, cobweb. Sa'rangkap a stanza. SiOrat <:;.> }-over laden, deeply laden. Sa'riOtus a hundred. Sa'rUus laksa L.-.ii.l a million. Sa'rlbu a thousand. Sarok to trip, to stumble. Sarong t-'JL... or Kain sarong o"l) t-'JL.... [The "Sarong" is either of silk, or cotton, or a mixture of the two. Of cotton the most valued come from SeMbes, and are known as uKain Sarong Bftgis". Java produces the painted cotton Sarongs so much ad mired by Malays; they are called uKain Batek". A commoner sort of cotton Strong is the "Sarong PMkat" of the Coromandel coast. Of silk SiOrongs,some of the finest are the uKain MastOli" of Singapore, uKain Sungkit" (silk and gold thread) ofPinang and Borneo, and the SiOrongs of Palembang, BiOtu BiOra, and in Sumatra. On the East coast of the Peninsula, Pit hang, and produce a large number of silk SiOrongs and scarves. Strong bJa sheath. [The "SArong kris", or kris-shcath is of wood and in three parts; a broad cross-piece nearest the hilt called
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    s.A.R -128SEB Sarong 81l.rat ..:;,JY'" t-'JL... an envelope of a letter. S.trong t.tnganifl:i t-';L...a glove. Sarong:kan d1-'JL... to sheathe. Sa'rupa .j_,;-"' like, alike, such, similar, uniform. Sasar-an a target. Sa'suap a mouthful. Sa-sungguh hati ty, sincere. Sa'susun ()"">"'""'a set (of boxes, dishes, &c.). Sat ini cr.l =--just now. See Siiat. Sa'taun skali J,LJ(... once a year. Sa'tltek a drop, a spot (blot). Satu _,.:.t .... one, the. [The English definite article the" has no real equivalent inMalay. Bring the child, is translated Bawa anak; Bring that child -Bawa anak itu; Bring a child-Bawa sa tu .tnak. In some cases "the" is rendered by yang", as Bring another-Bawa lain, or Bawa lagi sa tu; Bring the other Bawa yang lain itu; The latter Yang the former -Yang dulu, and so on.] Situ apa 01 _,:;L... something. Satu ip:t pun ttdak 0_0 .jl _,.:,i..w Satu Cl41_,:;L...a yard(measure). [Adopted and understood, but the Malays usually measure with this table: 2 make 1 Hasta. 4 Hasta make 1 (a fathom or 6 feet).] Situ _,.:,i..w or Satu minggo _,.:;L.... a week. [Adopted from the Portuguese, and well understood, but the 1\[alays usually speak of"Tfijoh hAri'', seven days, and so on for other periods of time]. Satu-satu r,_:; by one, singly. Sa'tuju9-_,; agree(befriends). Sa'tuju to suit. Sil.tu-kan d _,.:;L... to unite (join). Sauh ._,
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    SEB -129SEK E;-!""" on the other side. Specially used of the other side of a river or strait. Samatra is commonly called i. e., across the Straits. t:fiy,pronunciation. cfJy,to state, to tell, to mention, to specify, to pronounce. SMang medium, neither too large nor too small; whilst. SMap savoury, agree able, pleasant to the taste. SMap sk&li delicious. SMar Jv..,. to revive, to recover consciousness; conscious. (Ar.) alms. SMia ready. jl.JY...>.... always. SMia-kan .:fl!V..,. to prepare, to get ready, to provide. SMikit few, some, little, several. SMu hiccough; to sob. j..L (Sans.) all. reluctant, idle, lazy, indolent. refreshed. quickly, at once. (Ar.) a friend. beta and klta you. [Only used in writing.] Sijhaja[lt-only, simply, merely, voluntarily. Ini sijhaja-only this. Tiada orang panggil, baja sahya datangNo one called me, I come of my own accord. Sehat J.S? (Ar.) in health, well. Seid a reputed descendant of the Prophet. peace, tranquil lity, prosperity, safety; secure, safe. to prostrate one's self. Sijjuk cold. all. Sijkam chaff of grain, the husk of corn. Sijkfirang f.)lC.w now, at present. ini E.JIJ(.. imme diately. 'iS-and to stop up, to impede, to dam. ).)...JL, (Ar.) about, more or less. (Ar.) a smalt knife. Seksa W... punishment. dW... to punish.

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    SEL -130SEM Sillak-kan to tuck up. [Sing-sing-kan, to turn up, as the sleeves or trousers; kan, to lift up, as the sArong.] _,JJL. always, often, fre quently, repeatedly, time after time, usually. r-l.w to dive. f:-1-placed at intervals, variegated, interchanged. lang sAtu Mrithe next day but one. tlga Mri after an interval of three days. J-w Eto intersperse. Selasllah .t4--..J... (Ar.) pedigree, genealogy. strait of the sea, the Straits Settlements. ,J>"i-South. d,_.l.. to decide, to seltle. a wooden spear. .. to quarrel. _#_,.L.. to ransack. JS!trousers. ";,-Iall over. o_,.l.. mire, mud. to sit in state. [Said only of Rajas.] See 0'-w a thicket, bushes, brush wood, underwood; over grown with weeds. [Primeval jungle is uDtan rim ha" or"Dtan Msar", secondary growth when it has reached a good height uBlukar" or uDtan blukar'; and low bushes or uDtan wild tribes. [In rak the wild tribes who dwell on the right bank of the main river are called while those on the left are called SAkai.] consciousness. to swell (of any part of the body). obeisance; to wor ship. greet'(an inferior to aRi\ja), to present,to give, to beg the acceptance of. to pray; [Mu hammadans should pray five times a day, and time is oftln marked by these hours of prayer. They are as follows: Saboh" (4l to 6 A,M.); Thbhor" or (12{to 3 P.M.);

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    SEM -131SEN baiang Asar" (from 3} to 5} (from 6! to 6i P.M.), and lastly, Ishar" (from 7} P.M. to 2 ....... ).] sacrifice, to slaughtcr(cattle for food), to kill (for food with religious forms). [Usually prol)ounced to cure, to heal, to recover from illness; cured, recovered. to heal. a watchword. #p to hide, to conoeal, to suppress. o'-'1.4.. frontier, boun dary. to gag, to slop up. time something. [D!in o'-' has much the same meaning and is very common in Province W elle,)ey.] perfect. limited, confined, narrow (as a passage). yw deceit, treachery. all, the whole. oyw an ant. ._A.:.ache, a spasm (of the stomach\. t-'at leisure, easy, simple. hllti j;i.> f:!cheerful. El..i.(Dutch) a gun, a musket. k6pak ....;t.;_,.l a breech-loading gun. ..M.w ludicrous tricks, fun; to jest. I,I..M.w nitre, saltpetre. l3j...Mself. Sendok ._;;,0V.a spoon, a ladle. (fl:A... wilful. J...:Krheumatism. a sting (of an insect); to sting. Sengit lean, to heel over, to hang ovor. a tick (vermin). small, delicate (of things). a weapon. noiseless. Sentak to snatch. always; perpetual. Sentoh to touch, to come in contact with.

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    SEN -132SER I..._,M.w happiness, peace, rest, tranquillity, quiet. a chew, a quid of betel. ..s/' 11.ii... a bird of paradise. Also called BO.rong sO. pan. Sepak to spurn, to kick. to kick with the sole of the foot: "Sepak" with the top or side of the foot.] Sepak rilga a Malay foot-ball. so that, in order to, in order that. o }similar, such, as, like, according to: I ildat o..>b ordinary. biniltang brutal (beastial). to harden ot.temper metal. a large pillow used as an ornament. cede, to resign, to give up, to deliver, to hand over, to intrust.> sur render, to yield, to submit. ka-pilda ..XiU transfer. lemon grass. ..s)-then, at the same time, and; to call, to summon. u;hoarse. Seram sprinkle, to water (as plants), to bathe (said of Riljas). a porch, a ver andah. a harpoon. Yr"' furniture, utensils, stores, gear. oi;(Ar.) a turban. ...Ji.l;pounded, bruised; powder. sawdust>-/;-"'to attack, to rush at, to charge. '--'"'"';(Hind.) a running at the nose. [A severe sickness in horses very like ..._j,S' ;"" a trap for fish or birds. Sarong E!i r-obliqne, slanting, sideways. 0U,;-enjoyable, plea sant. o;'" together, with. SerO.nei a kind of flute with a bell mouth and a shrill tone.

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    SER -133SIA r"' (Pers.) drawers, trousers. [See ..__ to beat (as in washing clothes or punishing children). ,_;;....... in straitened circumstances; busy. dada 1..-1.> ,_;;....... asthma. j.......w remorse. ...__to stray (as cattle). ._,_,L-... mustard. SMan fiend. [Arabic, Shait&n.J ..-(Sans.) loyal. ..L.;;,... or sudah itu ;yl ...4.. thereupon. S6wa hire; to take on hire. S6wa-kan dlr. to let for hire. Shah ,l,;;:. (Pers.) a king. c} (Ar.) moreover. Shahadat (Ar.) the confession -ui confess there is but one God and that Mu ham mad is His messenger". Shahbandar the officer in charge of the port. Shair (Ar.) a verse, a poem, poetry. Shaitan (Ar.) a devil. Sh!tk t!l..;;; (Ar.) doubt, suspicion. Shiik Mti j;l.9 distrust; to distrust. Shariaat (Ar.) observing all the laws of the Muham madan religion. Sharlkat :.:JY.f" (Ar.) a partner in trade. SMrbat syrup. Shlirga $?(Sans.) heaven. Sla-Sia useless, idle, false, frivolous; trash; in vain. Slak 04the junior of the four priests attached to each mosque. Siamang a baboon. [In Perak there is a legend which tells of a battle between the Siamang and the Unka, the result being that the former species are only found on the left bank oftbe Perak river and the latter only on the right.] Slang &.light of day. Slang h&ri <.3;1.9 &.-daylight. so and so (of persons), such a person. Siap J.,ready. Siapa 01.,-,who? punya 18}> ..JL,.w whose? [See note to Dla punya.]

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    SIA -134SIN Siap-kan to prepare, to get ready. to make diligent and secret search. Siasat chari-to make secret inquiry and search. Sida a eunuch, an attendant. Sldik scrutinize, to in quire, to search for. Siding a net for birds or beast.. Sifat :.:....L.a (Ar.) appearance of people or things. Slfar fr.-(Eng.) a cypher. Slkap figure, shape, at titude. Slkat a comb, a comb or bunch of fruit (as of bananas where the fruits grow in the form of a comb). jlol M;-,-a comb; to comb the hair. [Malays speak of brushing the hair (to them a new custom) as SI kat Slkn the elbow, an outward corner. Slku kluang e_l,.-1' zig-zag; the key pattern. SUa welcome. Slla-kan to welcome, to offer, to invite. SUam dusk, twilight, grey light before sunrise. Sllap mistake, a fault, an oversight; wrong. [The Arabic form is KhiliLf Sllat ;,;,l,_ to parry blows, to fence. ol.o main sllat mata to conjure. Silo _,J.,.,.w the uncomfortable feel ing caused by hearing a squeaking noise; dazling. Simbah throw any liquid. Simpal-kan to muzzle. Simpan to keep, to lay by, to store, to put by, to preserve, to save, to reserve. Simpang a fork of a road. Simpei a hoop. Simpul a knot, a kerchief; Simpul-kan tie a knot (as in a cloth). Slnar pasunbeam,arayoflight. Sindi '-'.M.ia joint of the limbs. Sindir ;p.W-ironical, satirical; to sneer. Singa l;;;,.,.w (Hind.) a lion. Sioggah visit. to call in. Singghasana (Sans.) a throne.

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    SIN -135SKA Singkap pull on one side, to draw (as a curtain). Sing kat short. Singkat-kan to shorten, to tuck up (as clothes). to tuck up. [Singsing-kan --to turn up, as the sleeves or trousers; Selak kan-to lift up, as the sarong.] Slni ct:here. Sinja kala Jls' (Hind.) twi light. Sintak-kan to jerk. Srnyoh to push the lips or cheek of another in anger. Srnyum mto smile Si6ng E_y.:the tusk of a boar. Sipei a sepoy (Indian soldier). Siput a shell (concha), a mussel. Siput dlirat "'-'}> a land snail. Siput mutio\ra "'->_,.4,-mo ther o'-pearl. Slrat "'-'pto lay a train (as of gunpowder). Slrih r.betel. [Sirih is the leaf of a vine, grown like pepper, and is chewed by the Malays, Siamese, and many other Eastern people. On the leaf is spread a little chunam or lime, and tobacco, gambir and pieces of betel-nut are chewed with it.] Strip a fin. Sisa a remnant or surplus of food. Slsek the scale of a fish. Slsip-kan to insert, to slip between. Slsir a comb, a rake. Slsir tlinah ...;\:; a harrow. Slsir-kan d to rake. Siti t5-a lady. Sifiman in posession of one's faculties, rational, re covered from sickness. Sklili ,1L.l(.once, at once, qnite, utterly, very. Bring all at Come at once-Mari Quite skali. Ut terly burnt down-Habis b.tkar. Utterly uselessTa' Mr-gfina skali. [Skftli in the sense of very", or when forming the superla tive, comes after the adjective.

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    SKA -136 SDB and are placed before the adjective. Sitngat is placed either before or after the adjective, but usually the latter.] Skitli-kllli ta'bdlih ..J_,.,t; r impossible. Skolah ..S_,J(w (Port.) a school. Sl6ka IS_,!(.. (Hind.) a stanza. Smai a nursery for plants, a rice nursery. Soditgar }l.>_rw a t.rader, a mer chant. S6kong tf Y" a prop, a shore; to prop. S6kong-kan .;fl_,s" Y" to support, to prop. Solditdo _,..>IJJ... (Port.) a soldier. Solo _,.lr a spy. proud, insolent, arrogant. Sopak an albino. Sorei ..:;yw (Jav.) afternoon. Sorong t-'JY" to shove, to drag a boat. Spllroh "-'J\k.. one half. Spatu .,:>tiw (Port.) a shoe. Spa tu kdda 1..>_,) _,:,tiwa horse-shoe. Sram to stand (as bristles). Sri ..:)"' drawn (neither winning). Sri ._:y(Hind.) fortunate, gra cious. Sri gitla Jli'Y.;"' a jackal. Sri kl\ya J.f the custard apple. Sring &. ;"' to collect honey from flowers (as bees). Sru _, ;w to hail, to call to. Stanggi perfume. half. (Sa'-..;;.;.:,.. a yard. dda one and a half. Still wan an ally. Stru_,;:w an enemy. Sulll a question. Suam tepid, lukewarm. Suitmi a husband. Suap a bribe (food placed in the mouth, a sop). Suitra (Sans.) voice. Sullra klltak-.)i.:;I!)Y"the croaking of frogs. Suitsa U"'!,-w a mixed metal of gold and copper used for jewellery and ornamental pur poses. Suatu one. Sdbang EY'" an ear-ring.

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    s-o-s -137SUG Sfibar ;.,luxuriant (as foliage), convalescent (of people). SubMnah (Ar.) to be praised. Allah subhllnah wata ala-God ever to be praised most high. Suchi 1.5"'?'.rpure, thoroughly cleansed. Suchi deri-plidaka-slilah-ant.?.'">'" .;_:?":i-S' innocent. Sudah .Aenough, sufficient; done. [A word much used by Malays. It will, with a verb, always express the past tense: Sudah mMi, dead; Sudahj.tlan, gone: &c. Sudah, used alone, will mean, That will do. If used interrogatively, as Sudah? or Sudahkah? it has the meaning, Have you donoP Is it finished? Is it ready? according to the context; whilst in such a sen tence as Sudah-lah k!ta ini, it would mean,N ow we're donefor.] Sudah .A-orSudah Mr-k.twin o"!>l>';/ .Amarried. Sudah ber-tll.nang be trothed. Sudah chll.kup .,J5' _rr .Athat is sufficient. Sudah Mbis LJ'"'-Il-9> ,,J......, done, finished. Sudah htlang & .Alost. Sudah jil.lan .}l.::;> .Agone. Sudah lttlu ,,_,_w gone past. Sudah .Apast, let go. Sudah lll.ka I>'_,.J .Awounded. Sudah niklih 0w married. Sudah pakai ,,J....w worn (used). Sudah pichah "--f._;, ,,_,_w broken, (of a vessel) wrecked. Sudah .A-gone away, gone home. Sudah tllida ,,_,_w gone ( disap peared), no longer there. Sudah \rang tf .A-proved,clear. Sudil.ra ).)_,......(Hind.) a relation, brother, sister. l:ludol.ra )'-'>'" a sister. [Hardly .ever used, Kakak and Adik being almost invariably used to express this relationship.] Sudi .__...,_, be willing; pleased. Sudi-kan to offer. Sugi to scour or brush the teeth. Pti-sfigi -a fibrous stirk used for this purpose, a tooth brush.

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    SUG -138SUN Sugun hantu .;} r matted (as hair). Suji to embroider. S11ka b'_,(Hind.) to enjoy, to relish, to wish, to like; willing. S11ka chita .J,_..... happy, delighted,pleased, glad, cheer ful, merry. S11kat-an O>i!r a measure of ca pacity. S11kat-kan >-"" to measure (capacity). Sokar r'>(Hind.) difficult, dis turbed. Suku _,{ r a quarter, a branch of a family. In the States round Malacca, the minor chiefs are called Suku-Suku. Sfikun d>w the bread-fruit. Sula death by impaling. impaling stake. S11la-kan to impale S11lah .l>having no hair on the right and left side of the head above the temples. Supposed by the Malays to be a sign of intellect. Sol am to embroider; em broidered. Sol.lang to hand the cup from one to another. Sol.ling &.Jr a flute, a lute. Sulit private. Sol.loh torch; to shew light with a torch. S11long the first-born, the eldest. SultAn 0Lb..L. (Ar.) a Sultan, a. monarch. Sumbang 6--r incest. Sum bat a. plug, a stopper. Sumbat-kan gag. Sumbing a notch on a. blade. Sumboh recovered, healed. sii'lllbu a. wick, a match (for a. mine). .J..r an oath; to vow. r..L.r a lizard, a chameleon. Sum pit to shoot with a. blow-pipe. Sumpit-a.n a. blow-pipe. Slim-slim r r,.marrow. Sol.nat ii..i>(Ar.) circumcision; to circumcise; circumcised. See Sundal (Hind.) a. prostitute. a courtesan. t>--J>-a sword. [The

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    SUN -139-sus "Sundang" is a Malay sword of several forms, straight or wavy, single or two-edged, but in all cases short. The com monest form is very like the ancientRoman sword. The best are made in Solo, Borneo, and Achin.] Sungei a stream, a river. Sungguh true,right,certain, positive; truly, really. Sungguh-sungguh in earnest. Sungut ;.;:;;_, grumble, to mur mur. Bunting F_,... flowers or orna ments worn in the hair or behind the ear. Sftnyi quiet, still, silent, tranquil, lonesome, solitary, retired, private, unfrequented, uninhabited. Suroh-an an emissary, one who carries a message or command. Supan &_,... civil, polite, cour teous, obliging, well-bred, respectful. Surak ...:;JY' to cry, to shout. Sftram tJY' gloomy (of persons). Surat '-"'JY' a writing, a manu cript. Sural ka-trang-an if';J '-"'J,.. a certificate. Sftrat khab!tr '-"'J,.. a news paper. Sftrat ),... a letter, an epistle. Sural ku&sa U"Y' ),... letters of administration. Sftrat iiJ,.. a memorandum. Sural articles of agreement. Sural sO.mpah-an if\.4. ""J'w an affidavit. Sllrat fttang "";'w a bill. Suri I.?J'w (Pers.) a queen. Sftroh '),...and Sftroh-kancf!l>JY' to order, to command. So rut '-"'J,.. ebb; reduced (as a swelling); to subside. Smut timpas <::.>),... dead low water. Sftsah ..___,_w trouble, distress; difficult, irksome, uneasy, vexatious. S6sah Mti t$il!l> ..__,... chagrin; unhappy, sorry, wretched, distressed.

    PAGE 154

    s-os -140-T'iD S1l.soh &yam f"'!l a cock's spur (natural). Susu .>""'.>""' milk; the breasts. Susu udder, cow's milk. Ta' .f.l;; to scatler. [Used of sowing seed, feeding fowl, &c. Hambor, ,where more force is used. Tlf.buan a wasp, a hornet (of the kind having their nests in trees). Ta'blllih .;_,,J:; cannot, unable. Ta'b1l.lih .J_,.J:; incredible. rTa'Miih ttdak .J_,,J:; must. Tabut <::.>>-/Lb (Pers.) a structure, (intended to represent a house) borne on a waggon or on men's shoulders at a procession. I T'Ada ..,,t; none. [Contracted from Tldak ada and Ti!\da.]

    PAGE 155

    T'AD -141-TA'L T'ada siapa .)>\:i nobody. Tadah ij.>\:i to hold out or to hold up (as the hands in prayer, or to receive anything). Tadi L5'-'l:i just now, just past, lately. an interrogatie particle in all respects similar to Lab, but not nearly so common. Tahan o9'li to bear, to endure, to persevere. Til.han dil.rah a91:i to stop or staunch blood. Tahi sediment. [The h is silent.] Tahi an gin wl t.?l:i trash, quite worthless. Tahi anggor lees of wine. Tahi t.?l:isaw dust. Tahi kahlia !,.. dregs of coffee. Tahi klawar Y'"j{ bat-guano. Tahi la! at lJ":! a mole on the skin. Tahi earwax. Tahil weight equal to one sixteenth of a kati. to know, to understand. [The his silent.] Tailok ,_ji.l1i (Ar.) a tributary, a province. Taj ({l:i (Pers.) a crown. Tajak an instrument of iron with a wooden handle for clearing weeds and grass. It is commonly used when be ginning to clear ricefiolds which have grown up in grass since t.he last harvest. Tajam r.l:i sharp. Tajam-kan ckl:i to sharpen. Taji Li?'l:i a cock's artificial spur. Ta'kala jilrl:i at the time when. [Contracted from and that from kala.] Ta'Uia itu :.:;1 jll l:i then, at that time. Takar jl:i (Sans.) a small jar. l:i a notch on a tree; to cut, to chop. Takut 0_,_Sl:i afraid, terrified, Umid; to fear. Takut-kan to frighten. Ta'lalu _,J":!
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    TAL -142TAN (as a sick person when offered food), unable. Tiilam a dish, a tray or salver of metal. Ta'!Arat unable. .11J a line, a string, a cord, twino, a rope. .11J a small coin value one eighth of a dollar, or 12} cents. cMbok 0.J-1l.:;:.-.11J o1 chamti .11J a lash of a whip. [Not Malay, adopted.] Tiili ayer r.l .11J a sluice, water led artificially. i'ali kail .H.
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    TAN -143TAP mould, territory. Tol.nah Perak -the territory of Perak. Til.nah Malol.ka-Malacca territory. Tanah .>.ilJfertile land. Tol.nah Uat .>.il:i clay, potter's clay. Tol.nah kosong .>.il:i or Til.nah rang tJ .>.il:i uncultivated land. Tol.nah rap .>.il:i cultivated land. TO.nak 0Wl:i or Wi-il:ir to boil rice. Tol.nam to bury, to plant; planted, buried. Tanilm-an oAt.;.;; plants. Tilnam-kan o".;.;, a horn. Tilngan the hand, the fore paw. Tol.ngan uaju ifl:i the sleeve of a coat. Tanggalk;ualadder,stairs.Rumah tangga ... -?J a husband. Tanggal-kan to strip, to take off. Tanggoh wait for a debt, to give a debtor time. Tang gong to bear, to suffer, to endure, to support. Tangis to weep. See Tangkal jJJu a charm. to catch, to arrest, to take prisoner; caught. Tangkei stem, a stalk (of leaf, fruit, or flower). Tanglong (Chi.) a lantern. Tangsi used in fishing. Tanjak to rub in (used of rubbing quicksilver into the body). Tanjong a cape, a promon tory, a headland, a point of land. [Contracted f;om Tt.nah Ojong.] 18l:i to ask, to question, to inquire. Tapa 0L:i (Hind.) seclusion, penance. T.l.pak chO.tor ;,_;t:;,.v.>l:i chequer ed, tesselated, variegated (as a chessboard or anything the

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    -144-TAW pottern of which is in squares or straight lines). T.tpak kaki ._lis' -._;;;[j the sole of the foot, a footmark. Tapak tang an ifl; -._;;;[j the palm of the hand. ..Jj>[j never. Tapis-an a strainer, a filter. Tapis-kan to strain, to clarify. Tara level, of equal rank. [Arabic, Taraf w;h.J T.trah ';[j to square (as of timber). Taraf w} of equal rank, in the same class of society. Tarek to pull, to draw, to stretch. T.trek api a Iucifer match. Tarekh [':'} (Ar.) a date. Tari L<')[j to dance See Taring&}aprong,anythingwith 1 a sharp point (as a tooth). Taroh ._,} to lay, to put, to put by, to appoint. Tilroh tanda tangan -.:f;l; !.N.:i "-'} to sign. Tarok u_,} the young shoots of plants. Ta'sMar senseless, slupi fied, unconcious. Tasek a lake. busy, inconve nient, not at leisure. Tatah .:.t to set, to stud (as with jewels). Tatal j-:i[j a chip. Tittang to hold or carry on the open hand. Ta'tau _,[jsc[j don't understand. Ta'tau ol>';1 _,[jsc[j speechless. Ta'teh ._;;sc[j step by step. _,:MJsc[j uncertain. hal-nya e::,ylL> _,u..:;sc[j wayward. laku-nya .,._,s;i _,..M:i' a captive, a pris oner of war. Tawas U".!>[j alum.

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    T1W -145TEL TA war to tender, to make an offer, to bargain to cheapen, to bid, to offer the price; insipid, tasteless, (of water, fresh op posed to salt). to thrash grain. thick. to cut down large trees, to clear big jungle. or to cut down small trees or brushwood, to clear low jungle. the bank of a river. y,J sugar-cane. to rodeem from pawn. TMoh ._,wa shelter (from sun or wind), shade; quiet, calm, tranquil. to prevent, to restrain, to hinder. set up, to fix up, to erect. stiff, hard, rigid. muscular, solid, firm. rigid, strong. strongly made (not by nature, of manufac tures); tightly, as hold tightly. ..;;_,$;:; a draught of liquor. j:J to welcome, to encou rage. dJfs to rebuke, to warn. Teh..;; tea. Daun teh, tea-leaves. 1yer teh, tea for drinking. [The h is silent.] .P ..._jij;j a riddle (CO nundrum). to press, to impress. cMp to seal, to stamp. :r' __,.f.:; a dove, a turtle dove. 0.>:L:i an example, an image, a model, a pattern. ..hl:i (Hind.) a well. &l:i after. lain _,J"l! &l:i past. u:L:i (Ar.) divorce. Bri divorce (the action ofthehU:sband). [Ifthehusband gives satu", or dua", it is possible to take the divorcee back again, but if tlga" be given, the matter is final.] ,Ji to swallow. 10

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    -146stripped, naked. undress. to tell, to let out (as a secret); already. left, abandoned. the ear, the handle of a vessel. J:}J an egg, spawn. tkan dY.I J:IJ fish-roe. .....AA:i a bay, a harbour. the fore-finger. oyl:i when squatting to make a motion of respect or obeisance. d a companion, the first personal pronoun. See Sahya. tJ'-" bright, refulgent. [A derivative from Trang, the two words are often used toge ther; as, Trang '-"""'"" (Ar.) the end, finis. ..3"4/' (Hind.) brass. ..3"41' copper. _,.14/' tobacco. htdong _,.(41' enuff. Tembok ....:_% a wall. fat, sleek. to penetrate; through. t_.j# a high officer in Malay Governments, the Chief of the Police and Guar dian of the Palace. His place is near the person of his RAja. o:!W a jar. Tempang limping. a place, a spot, a station, a room, a space. ashkar a camp. Mr-naong bU;-1 ;:Jif a shelter. dauat an inkstand. dfidok ....:.)_,.> seat. lindong-an if_,w.l and t-'U\.il.o a refuge, a hlter. mandi '-'.0V.A bath room. un healthy (of places). 01yj a place of rendezvous. tldor J..>.;i a bed. plaster, to stick on (either with the fingers or an instrument). to prove a state-

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    TEM -147ment was made after it has been denied. Tempo the time of. to attack, to force a passage through. -...iY.,Ji<' salted durian. t-'>f" the shell of a nut, cocoanut shell. o;_,<'descending. [Only used in conjunction with Ttirun.] (not runnir.g). F to spurn, to kick. [With the sole of the foot. It is a curious fact that although is to kick with the sole of the foot, and the top, is always used of animals, though they kick with the sole of the foot.] ..>l;;u to look upwards. ..;uthe middle, the centre, half. hari <.S;L.; noon. mUam r-!L. ..;u midnight. Tengglila Jlk:i a plough. to plough. the South-East. chameleon. to sink. deformed so as to have become small at one end, as having a small foot, one arm or one leg smaller than the other, or a part of the arm or leg smaller than is natural. nape of the neck. j.J_,..L;w a head kerchief. a skull. u:P the tapir. Tentu true, sure, certain, undoubted, positive. to ratify, to confirm, to settle, to fix. o_,M; to claim. 0 ,-:; to spin, to weave. look into the future (as an astrologer). L,);:; a rim, a border, a mar gin, the verge, the side, the bank of a river. !aut ""-' "j L,j:i the coast, the shore of the sea. ward off, to parry, to hit away a person's hand stretched towards you in play or anger. u:Ji to pat, to tap, to clap the hand.

    PAGE 162

    TEP -148TER E_,..ii...:i flour, meal (from grain). T6r y.;; (Tamil) the castle in chess. See Main ch!tor. J a constant particle always met with in composition, and always as a prefix. When placed before a verb it gives the signification of a past participle, as: -thrown away; arranged; ed; &c. When prefixed to an adjec tive, it adds emphasis and in tensifies the meaning, and in conjunction with uSkil.!i" de notes the super!ative degree, thus: overturned; murdered; lampau-excessive: sklili most; baik skUibest. to kick forward with the sole of the foot. 0_,..:; to make an effort, to strain. to run against, to collide. a small house. [A word often used, in affected modesty, of a large house.] e_y;y; doubt. regular, in order, arranged. overturned, up side down. t_1J to fly away, to rise (as a bird). lying, recum bent. L)"'-t-1 _? a flood gate, a sluicegate. [The common ex pression now is Pinto :l.yer.] to issue, to go out. abandoned, banished, cast out. open. .U_,.,Jkilled, murdered. drawn (as of a weapon). polished. printed. t ?.'_? amazed, astonished, strange, extraor dinary, marvellous, wonderful. l.S y..) }' upright (straight up). T6rei a screen of hanging cloth, a curtain.

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    -149=# J sprained. stunted. J.:?-ji a precipice. infected. to translate. o::f?"J to plunge in. IS_,:> to divine; skilled in magic. F? to rush, to run against. u-f';; (Pers.) a quiver. _,:> frightened, startled; to start with foar. mAta oL.J.,.,h'ji blinking of the eye. Jj J a gun, a rifle. _,.l":lji and very, excessive, extremely,too. [See note to SAngat.] Mnyak very much. skUi most. from danger. FJ across, trans-verse. f'_,.lJ smeared. (Ar.) a spectacle, a show, sports. Hil.ri a gala-day. illustrious. stranded. stated, mentioned. refined (as metal). to endure. to laugh. upside down. ._,.;;; (Ar.) precise, exact. abandoned. written. riJY (Ar. and Sans.) excellent. yang Your Excellency or His Ex cellency. 0i:A.J and to cut, to chop, to hack. J.;:J close woven. steady, permanent. but. [No word in Malay properly expresses the English uyot", thus: Has he come yet? is rendered
    PAGE 164

    -150-TIA to unpick sewing; to hatch eggs. Tetek a breast. a snipe. Also Bll.rong Mrkek. defeated. Th.thir ?U. (Ar.) known, mani fest, come out; to appear, to become known. Th.tlim (Ar.) unjust. Thalj t..l:l (Ar.) snow (Pronounce Th as in uThin".J Tharab Yf" (Ar.) to multiply (in arithmetic). TMmah .........__., (Ar.) vowels (in front). Tiada 0!.,.,; is not; none. Ti.tda adil J0icv!.,.,:; unjust. Tiada aman cri 0t,.,:i unhealthy. Ti.tda M-kerja 0t,.,:i (unemployed). Tiada Mr-.ttur Ji'"'r. 0t,.,:iirregular. Ti.tda Mr-bhl\sa t.rlt!;i im polite, uncultivated in manner. Ti.tda Mr-champur ):}4:?-j. pure, unalloyed. Ti.tda Mr-faidah 0t,.,:i un worthy. Ti.tda Mr-gll.na0,?;i ut,.,:iuseless, good for nothing. Tiada 01.,.,:; to dis like, to disapprove. Ti.tda Mr-ku:tsa t.r!>l;i 0L,.,:i un able. Tiftda Mr-plleh .r..lJj. 0t,.,:ipromis cuous. Tiada Mr-pringgan o;}::1j;1 infinite (in space). Tiada l?""-;i 0L,.,..;i unarmed. Ti.tda Mtul 0L,.,..;i unjust, wrong. Tiada 0t,.,:iindiscreet. Ti.tda, .)+o u)i 0L,.,:i moderate in price. Ti.tda bOlih .J.J--1 0L,.,..:i cannot, unable. Ti.tda bll.lih tldak .Jy, 0t,.,:i without fail. Tiada cMrmat =-'ft 0w.-slo venly. Tiada chukup JS .9" 0t,.,:i insuf ficient. Tiada h.tthar f"b-0t,.,:i Tiada indah-kan 0L,.,..;i to slight. Tiada Mbal W vt,.,:i vulnerable. Ti.tda W' 0L,.,:i to miss (fail to hit).

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    TIA -151TiD _,Jl.o ->L.,.,.:i impudent, ohameleos. Tiada mau _,ol.o .>L,.,.:i indioposed, averse. TiMa meng-apa ->L,.,:i it io unnecessary. Tiada ->L,.,:i unfair, improper. samarl..w .>L,.,:iunequal,unlike. oa'tahu _,g>t.:.:... .>L,.,:iunawareo. Tiada sedap ->L,.,:i disagreeable. Tiada semperna imper fect. Tiada sllkaiS_,....>L,.,:;to disapprove, to dislike. Tiada sllpan _;;_,... impolite. Tiada ter-btlang innu merable, numberless, untold, countless. Tiada ter-tanggong ..:>!.,.; insupportable. Tlang &: a post, a pillar, a mast. Tlang Adap 0..:>1 t:J? the for.,.mast. Tlang agong e,.SI &:'the mainmast. Tlang bandera a Hag staff. Tlang blakangEJ4&-'the mizen mast. Tlang peng..apoh &:'the top-mast. Ti:ap-t'iap r,J.;; every. T'iap-t'iap Mri <.S_;\.9> rJ .,.;; daily. Ti:ap-t'iap taun c.fl:i r...;.;; yearly. Ti.trap ...3;l,.,:i prone (on the face), grovelling (lying on the face). Tlba to come, to arrive. T!ba-t!ba suddenly, un expectedly. T!dak ...::,v..;; no. Tldak ada .>1 absent, io not. Tldak baik nasty, bad, not good. Tldak betul Ji" wrong. Tldak fedllli to be regardless, not to care. Tldak mUu _,Jl.o ...::,v..;; immodest. Tldak mau _,ol.o ...::,v.;; won't, will not. Tldak .::1 trill ing, unimportant, no matter. Tldak p.ttnt unbe coming. Tldak sitbllr .f."" ...::,v.;; impatient. T!dak sedap nice, unpleasant. Tldak senang bnsy, occupied.

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    TiD -152-TIN T!dak ,Jx; unsteady, shaky. T!dak _,;.;:; doubtful. T!d'&pa ul matter. T!dor to sleep. T!ga cs:..;; three. T!ga k!kic/IJ' yard (3 feet). T!ga k!li .11!' three times. T!ga suku quarters. to thrust, to spear, to stab, to transfix. T!kar p. a mat. Tikus U"#. a rat. T!kus padi U"#. a mouse. T!lam a matlrass. T!Iek 0i.l,:i to look, to examine an astrologer's hook. T!mah Tin. [A tin mine Lumbong tlmah". The tin bearing stratcm-Kil.rang". To excavate this tin-hearing earth
    PAGE 167

    TIN 153-TRt Tinta l;.;;.:; (Port.) ink. Tintang F direction; where abouts; to stare at. Tinting to clean rice, &c., by shaking it in a sieve and throwing out the impurities which come to the surface. T1ong b,:; or BO.rong t1ong E_;,: E_,;;amina. Tlpis thin. See Nlpis. Tlpu a fraud; to cheat, to deceive, to impose upon. Tlram rft an oyster. Tiri..s?therelationshipresulting from themarriageofthosewho already have children. Anak tiri, a step-child. Tlris leaky; to leak, (from within). Tiru !J p:; to imitate, to copy. Tltah a decree, a mandate, a command or order of a ruling RAja. Tltah-kan to order (of reigning RAja). Tltekw;.;.:,:; a drop, a stop (point in writing), a speck or spot. Titi a bridge. TiO.pu_,:;to blow with the mouth. Tijhor shallow. To'ke <_ij a large house-lizard. T6lak ViJ.,:; and Tolak-kan cP.ii to shove, io push, to thrust away; to subtract ( dedact). Tolak-bara 0i.)_,:; ballast. Tombak-...J4..o_,J a throwing-spear. Tong EJ' a cask, a barrel, a tub, a pail. Tong Ayer j.l EJ' a water-tub. Tong E -f a keg. a walkingcstick, a staff, a rod. Tongkat. katlak il..l(_;j;_,....:; crutches. Tongkat lambei a wand. Topeng &..ii a mask. Torak UJf a shuttle (in weaving). Trang t.? light(opposed to dark), bright, clear, plain, obvious, manifest. Trang-kan to illuminate (make light), to prove, to explain. Tras LJN.f the heart of a tree. TrAtei a water-lily. Trlak to bawl, to cry, to bray as an ass. Trlgu _A.; (Port.) corn, wheat. Trim a fi to accept, to take, to receive.

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    -166Copper coin was not current in Pl!hang until about 1889, but gold dust weighed according to the above table. Silver dollars are current, and the small tin tokens coined by the Revenue Farmers for circulation in their respective districts are no longer used. AvoiRDUPOIS WEIGHT. 16 tahil (tael 100 kati 3 plkul 40 plkul 1 kati (1} lb) 1 plkul (133\lb) 1 bMra (400 lb) 1 kOian (5.333} lb) The Malay and Chinese kati differ in weight, tho former having the weight of 24 Mexican dollars, and the latter of 22!. They are termed respectively "kati bijsar" and "kati GoLDSMITH's WEIGHT. 12 sAga 16 maiam 12 bungkal 1 maiam* 1 bungkal (832 grains Troy) 1 kati Eight ma.iam are eqaal to the weight of one Mexican dollar. Gold dust is sold by the buogkal; Gold threod by the kati. 10 hun 10 chi OPIUM WEIGHT. 1 chi 1 tahil MEASURE OF CAPACITY, 4 pau 1 cMpak 4 cMpak 1 gantang 10 gantang 1 pAra 2 pAra 1 plkul 40 plkul 1 k6ian

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    -167-DRY MEASURE. 4 chtlpak 1 gantang 10 gantang 1 naleh 10 naleh 1 kuncha LoNG OR CLOTH MEASURE. 2 j e n g kal 1 hasta 2 hasta 1 ela 2 ela 1 d epa (1 fathom or 6 feet) 20 kayu (pieces) 1 kodi (1 score) LAND MEASURE. 12 inchi (inches) 6 kaki 4 (square) d epa 100 jemba 4 penjuru 1 kaki (1 foot) 1 d e pa (6 feet) 1 j e mba (144 square feet) 1 p enjuru (14,400 sq. feet) 1 r elong (1 or long' or 1! acres, nearly)

    PAGE 170

    VOL I. VOCABULARY OF THE ENGLISH AND MALAY LANGUAGES, WITH NOTES BY F. A. SWETTENHAM. Opinions of the Press. These objects appear to us to have been successfully attained. The work is a most scholarly production, which does Mr. SwET TENHAM the highest credit, and must have cost him much time and labour, and it cannot fail to prove a most useful vade-mecttm to the studr.nt and the business man who wishes to obtain an accurate knowledge of the Malay language, its idiom, pronunciation, and written character. When Part. II. is published, the complete work will enable any one to learn how to speak and write Malay accurately without help or reference to any other work, such as MARSDEN's Dictionary, now out of print and difficult to get, or ORA WFURD's Grammar and Dictionary, now also more or less out of date, and which does not give the Malay character. -Singapote Daily T i mes, 18th April, 1881.

    PAGE 171

    -J69-' :Whe. n 've 'Bay .that the. work ; does credit' ito hi's reputati9n as a Malay scholar and reflects highly on his abilities as ;an author and an indu strious civilian official, we giYe hiin but. faint praise. There is such small for a man : in the: Far East devote his time to a work of the. description referred ; to above, ,that we wonder Mr. SwETTENIIAM ever atlempted to start ik He has, however, done so aud deserves every credit for his industry Penang Gazette, 'Jth ] l!lay, 1 881. At a time when so of our plahters, a re going eastward, the publication of Mr. SwF.TTENIIAM's hook is most opportune, and the secoud volume, which is to contain the Malay-English Vo cabulary, wiU complete a most excellent work. Ceylo1i Observer, 7th Septer(tber, 1881. 'As the author very h:uly remarks in his preface, a work has long been war;_ted which will enable a new arrival in the Straits Settlements to easily acquire the knowledge of Malay r equisite to ma 'ke himself understood by tho se natives with whom he is brought in contact. SwETTENBAlll has endeavoured to ,.,, ... .. .. this want in the book just published, and his efforts have resulted in the production of a handy volume which may be r elied on .... The book des er ,es to be patronised, and doubtless will be. London and China Express, 3rd June, 1881. There was certainly room for Mr. SwETTENHAM's English and Malay Vocabulary and Dialogues, in which his objects have been, amongst other things to compile a vocabulary which shall contain every word likely to be met with in ordinary reading, writing, or and "to express in the Romanized Mal ay, as

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    -170nearly as possible, the exact pronunciation of the Malay word". This is, perhaps, about as difficust a task as a person can set himself with any language, and, for reasons which will be obvious to all who read Mr. SwETTENHAM's preface, it must be specially difficult in the case of Malay. Mr. SwETTENHAM has certainly spared no pains to attain his object. It would bo interesting to discover how near a careful student of his work could get to the accurate pronunciation of Malay. -Saturday Review, 9th July 1881. Jt..J o\)'...> ;JY. ry.l 01_,.:; yL:.:...S' JL_;:::. ...>liY. )4.1 yl.i;{ d-EJ5-IJ.lfo'_ii l}"':';QI 4.1 oY-""_?,! ..u_) yW' ""'w)" .Jr. 1:!,\.,Q (::)l...>l & ...ill' 0,? -.: .: ... :a .... ; L..S...>l::-.Jl...>W .H.L (::)l...>l Jawi Peranakkan, 2 Jemdd Alakhir, 1298.