Citation
A manual of Chinese running hand-writing, especially as it is used in Japan

Material Information

Title:
A manual of Chinese running hand-writing, especially as it is used in Japan
Added title page title:
Manual of Chinese running-hand writing
Added title page title:
Un manuel de l'écriture cursive chinoise, en particulier tel qu'il est utilisé au Japon
Added title page title:
Manuel de l'écriture cursive chinoise
Added title page title:
Un manual de escritura cursiva chino, especialmente en lo que se utiliza en Japón
Added title page title:
Manual de escritura cursiva china
Added title page title:
中國草書手寫手冊
Added title page title:
中国草书手写手册
Creator:
Saint Aulaire, R. J
Groeneveldt, Willem Pieter, 1841-1915
Place of Publication:
Amsterdam
Publisher:
Sold by G.M. van Gelder
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
iv, 113, 60 p. : ; 31 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Chinese language -- Cursive writing ( lcsh )
Japanese language -- Cursive writing ( lcsh )
Genre:
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
"Printed for the authors."
General Note:
In two parts: the first has characters arranged after the standard form, the second after the running-hand form. Cf. pref. p. i-ii.
General Note:
Chinese and Japanese character tables with English notes; characters arranged by number of strokes.
Statement of Responsibility:
compiled from original sources, by R.J. de St. Aulaire and W.P Groeneveldt.

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS, University of London
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
666321 ( aleph )
OCM51361255 ( oclc )
CC495.111 /9100 ( soas classmark )

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Full Text
A MANUAL
of
CHINESE RUNNING-HAND WRITING.




A MANUAL
OF
CHINESE RUNNING-HAND WRITING,
ESPECIALLY AS IT IS USED IN JAPAN,
COMPILED FROM ORIGINAL SOURCES
BY
K. J. de ST. AULAIRE and W. P. GROENEVELDT.

SOLD BY G. M. VAN GELDER.
Amsterdam, Kalverstraat D. 117.
1861.


printed by j. c. drabbe, leyden.


INTRODUCTION.
At the commencement of the labour, the results of which we now offer to our fellow-
students of the Chinese and Japanese languages, we had no other object than acquiring for
ourselves the resources, necessary to the attainment of as good an acquaintance as possible
with the Chinese running-hand writing.
After being occupied some time with the study of those languages, the necessity of a
familiar acquaintance with their running-hand writing occurred to us, and we feltrthe want of
an adequately compiled guide to the speediest and most certain attainment of that knowledge.
However, as nothing in the least degree approaching one existed, our alternative was either,
as others have been obliged to do before us, to seek out of all the specimens of running-hand
a number of the most frequently occurring characters, and by so doing slowly attain our
object, or to take upon ourselves the task of compiling a Manual, which would supply our
want in a satisfactory manner.
We perceived, that, by choosing the former, very much time and pains would necessarily be
bestowed to make any satisfactory progress, and that still many forms, escaped from me-
mory ,would compel us to a tedious and time-wasting search, not even always leading to a
successful result. We determined therefore to take the second course, and in carrying out
this planwe have been able to congratulate ourselves on such favourable results, that the
idea occurred to us, that others, perhaps, might avail themselves of the fruits of our labour;
and this induced us to make our work public.
Our respected instructor, Professor Dr. J. Hoffmann, who gave his full concurrence to our
undertaking, very readily granted us access to all the works in his possession, calculated to
afford us materials and gave us the Japanese Encyclopedical Popular Dictionary Man bo


II
sets-joo futs'-ki so 1) to insert in our Manual all the specimens of running-hand writing that
it presents. From this work we have derived the principal contents of our Manual, which
have been augmented by a number of the most difficult forms of running-hand writing,
taken from a similar dictionary Man dai sets-joo si rin bo-so 2).
We cannot let this opportunity pass without expressing our thanks to Professor Hoffmann
and acknowledging that, of whatever service our work may be to science, a great deal
of it is to be ascribed to him who instructed us in the principles upon which this writing
is based, who has so willingly supplied us with materials for our labour, and who, in many
a difficulty, has assisted us with his superior knowledge.
Actual faults, that is to say, running-hand forms, which do not correspond with the
standard characters next them, will rarely, if ever, be found in this work the method
adopted in compiling it affords a sufficient guarantee against such. The dictionary first
mentioned we cut up entirely, and the large number of characters so obtained, amounting
to about 45,000 we distributed, with the exception of the superfluous ones, according to the
method followed in the first part of this work. Now, as the standard form stood next each
running-hand form, little danger of error was incurred in making the facsimile. Might such
have happened here or there from a slip of the pen, one part of the work will always serve
to rectify the other, as it is scarcely possible that the same mistake will have been made twice.
For these and other inaccuracies we must calculate on the reader's indulgence, hoping that
such will not be withheld, when he reflects that our studies do not allow us to devote more
time to a lengthened revision of this work, which has already required so much.
The work, as it will be seen, is divided into two parts in the first the characters are
arranged after the standard and in the second after the running-hand form. We shall endea-
vour to describe briefly the method and aim of both parts.
In compiling the first part, we have worked upon the following plan we have considered
each Chinese standard character as consisting of two parts namely Principal or Radical, and
Subordinate or Additional group in many characters these two component parts are so closely
connected that they run into one, in others they are distinctly separated in the former case,
we have placed the character in its whole; in the latter each component part has been given
separately. Besides, many characters in use, even did they consist of two distinctly separate
parts, we have frequently placed entire, as they, for the most part, are again used as sub-
1)
2)


Ill
ordinate or additional groups nevertheless, the component parts of these characters are given
separately as well.
Some subordinate or additional groups are not represented in the dictionaries as indepen-
dent characters these we have, as we thought best, brought under the most suitable Principals
or Radicals.
It often happens that running-hand forms are derived from some vulgar form of the cha-
racter to which they belong where this was the case, we have, as far as we could do so
with certainty, annexed the vulgar form.
If then it is desired to know the running-hand form of a standard character, it must be
searched for in ks whole, if the radical and its additional group are closely connected; if,
however, these two parts are distinctly separated, each must be searched for apart.
In compiling the second part, we went to work with the running-hand forms, as with the
standard characters in the first part when the separateness of the parts was clear, we have
taken them separatelywhen the component parts ran into one, we have given them entire.
To arrange these forms, we have taken as characteristics of distribution the first and the
last stroke of each form. The whole collection is divided into six chief divisions, according
to the shape of the first stroke and each chief division is again divided into eleven subdivi-
sions ,according to the shape of the last stroke. The whole is thus distributed over sixty-six
rubrics, the order of succession of which may be easily remembered, since in each chief divi-
sion the same subdivisions occur, and in. the same order. Lastly, in each rubric the forms
are distributed in proportion to the number of strokes, which, since they, for the most part,
ran into one another, must be counted by the tempos or touches of the pencil. It will
easily occur to every one that, to give this counting the certainty and exactitude desired is
scarcely possible and that, in many cases, it will happen that a running-hand form will be
searched for under another number of strokes than that, under which we have placed it this
difference, however, will seldom be of more than one stroke, it is nearly always certain if
the maximum or minimum has been taken, and so it is known immediately that search must
be made under one stroke more or less, and as the divisions are generally small, the pains
and loss of time, occasioned by this, will be insignificant.
As the number of rubrics would have been too large and the search too difficult, if we
had made a new division for each differently formed characteristic stroke, we have, in the
chief- as well as in the subdivisions, brought more strokes together and endeavoured by this
as far as possible, to keep modifications of the same standard stroke near one another. The
table of Chief- and Subdivisions on pp. 5759 of Part. II. will make this plainer to the
student and enable him to determine with certainty the chief- and subdivision of every character
he meets with.


IV
It may possibly happen, that running-hand characters will occur, which do not appear in
exactly the same form in our Manual, but which may, nevertheless, be deciphered with its
help it often happens that one of the characteristic strokes of a running-hand character
undergoes a modification, on account of which it falls under another Chief- or Subdivision
so, e.g. it may happen that, wishing to search for a character beginning with, a point at the
top (Chief Div. II), we do not find it, because it has occurred to us with a horizontal
stroke (Chief Div. Ill) only, which is frequently changed for a point, and under which we
have, of course, placed the form. Of the the most important of these modifications we have
given a view on p. 60 of Part. IIwhich we flatter ourselves will be of service to those
who know little or nothing of running-hand writing. In this, as in the previous table, for
the sake of brevity, we have dispensed with the words Chief- and Subdivision, simply using I
instead of Chiefdivision Iand 1 instead of Subdivision 1, etc.
Probably some persons will experience a little difficulty in making themselves familiar with
the arrangement of Part II but we trust that every one, who has gained some knowledge
of running-hand writing from the first part, will, with the assistance of the directions above
and of the view of distribution presented on pp. 57-59 of Part. II, and by comparing
this last with the work itself, be enabled, without much difficulty, to search for the forms
given in that part.
We feel convinced that many an exception will be taken against the arrangement of the se-
cond part, and that it will sometimes be grounded but when we reflect on what experience
has taught us, viz. that in the chief matter we have reached our aim that it is not indeed
difficult to find the running-hand forms, then we arrive at the conviction that those remarks
will be of no general importance and we trust that, the newness of the matter and our
other occupations being borne in mind, we shall not be too hardly dealt with.
As to the execution of the work, that, we think, hardly needs the indulgence of the public
for although the Chinese standard characters may be open to some remark, yet, in other
respects, Mr. P. W. M. Trap, Lithographer, of Leyden, has taken so much pains, that it may
safely vie with the productions of foreign lithographic presses.
In conclusion we hope that this work may be to others what it has been to us a key-
to the rich store of Japanese and Chinese texts written in running-hand character.
Leyden, March 1861.
R. J. de ST. AULAIRE.
W. P. GROENEVELDT.


Full Text

PAGE 1

A MANUAL OF CHINESE RUNNING-HAND WRITING.

PAGE 3

A MANUAL o CHINESE RUNNING-HAND WRITING, ESPECIALLY AS IT IS USED JAPAN, COMPILED ORIGINAL SOURCES D Y H. J. DE ST AULAIRE AND W. P GROENEVELDT Printed for the authors. sor, D BY G. M:. VAN 'GELDER. Amsterdam, Kalverstrant D. 117 1861.

PAGE 4

l'RINTD BY J C. DitABBE, LEYDEX.

PAGE 5

INTRODUCTION. At the commencement of the labour, the results of which we now offer to our fellow students of the Chinese and Japanese languages, we had no other object than acquiring for ourselves the resources, necessary to the attainment of as good an acquaintance as possible with the Chinese running-hand writing. After being occupied some time with the study of those languag es, the necessity of a familiar acquaintance with their mnning-hand writing occurred to us, and we felt the want of an adequately compiled guide to the and most certain attainment of that knowledge However, as nothing in the l east degree approaching one existed, our alternative was either, a s others have been ob liged to do before us, to seek out of all the specimens of running-hand a number of the most frequently occurring characters, and by so doing slowl y attain our object, or to take upon ourselves the task of compiling a Manual, which would supply our want in a satisfactory manner. We perceived, that, by choosing the former, very much time and pains would necessarily be bestowed to make any satisfactory progress, and that still many forms escaped from me mory, would compel us to a tedious and time-wasting search, not even always leading to a successfu l result. We determined therefore to take the second course, and in carrying out this plan, we have been able to congratulate ourselves on such favourable results, that the idea occurred to us, that others, perhaps, might avail themselves of the fruits of our labour ; and this induced us to make our work public. Our respected instructor, Professor Dr. J. HoFFMANN, who gave his full concurrence to our undertaking, very readily granted us access to all the works in his possession, calcu l ated to afford us materials: and gave us the Japanese Encyclopedical Popular Dictionary 11/an M

PAGE 6

jMf8'-Ii -J(] ') to insert in our Manual all tho specimens of running-hand writing that it presents. Jirom this work we bam derived the principal eontent.s of our Manual, which l>avc been a ugmented by a number of the most difficult forms of runniug-hand writing, taken from a similar dictionary dai te/1--.fiJC 8i ,.;,. M-86 ), We cannot let this opportunity pan without expresliing our tbODks to Professor nnd acknowle Jll 11; tL H ., -lld-UJ, J!l

PAGE 7

ordinat.l or additional gmupa: nevertheleu, U.e oomponent puts of these chlracters are well Sowe wbordinat.l or addillooal gmup1 '"' DOt rep"""'nted in the dictionariel u indcpet dent char.cters; these we at w e thought bett, brought under the DlOflt suitable Principals or it often h a ppen s that running-h and forms'"' derived from some vulga r form of the cha MICtcr to which they belong; where tbit wutbe caMl, we have, as far 11 WO could do so wiLitcert.in ty,annexedthevulgarform. If then it it desired tok!Kiwtberunning-hand f orm of estendardchal'IICLer, it must be atarched for i n ill whole, if the r&dicaland iC.. additional group are cl'ef)'onethat,togiretbiaconnLingtbe""rtaiotyandeuclitudcdcsiredi. ICal'Oely poa.ible and that, in many cuet, it will hoppen that a running-hind foma Mll be -n:bedforunderauothernumberolatrokeslhantlw.,underwbichweharep!acedit:this dilfercuce, ho,.ever, wiU seldom be of IDOI'e \.ban one s troke, it is nearly always cerCain if the muimum or minimum hiA hcoen taken, and""' it i1 known immediately tbat tearob muat be made under one s troke more or lea, and u the divisions are genCJlilly the pain& ondlouoftime,occasionedbythis,willbcimignificant. As tltc number of rubrics would ha>c been too large and the !lelrcb too difficult, if wo l1ad made a n e w di-ision for eaeh differently formed claracteris tic s tro ke, w e h&ve, in tho chicf-sawelluin theiubdivisiona, brought by this. as far u pouihle, to keep modiflcationa or the same tandnrd stroke 0011 ooe another. The a..ble ol Chidand Subdirisions on pp. o( P art. 11. will mab this plainer to the r.l\ldentanden.oble him to dete rmine eerlaintJiheehidand subdiv ision ofc>-erycharacter he meets with.

PAGE 8

It may pt*Sibly happen, that runningbiLDd cbaracten will occur, which do not awe-r in ellactly tM Mme form in our Manual, b\1! wbic:h may, oe.-ertbeless, be deciphered with its lelp:itofttnh.oppensthatoneoftbecharacterUI.ic'troke.ofarunning-handch.o.-.cter undergoes 1 modification, on &OOOUDI of wbio;h it foils under another Chief-or Subdivirioo: &O, e g. it m a y happen that, wishing to search for a character beginning with a point at the top (ChiefDiv 11), we do not find it, b-ecause it has occumd to u a with a horizontal stroke (Chief Div. Ill) only, which is frequently changed for a point, ond under which we have, of OOUI"S8, placed the form. Of tho the most important of tb= we have whokoowlittleornotbingofrunning-handwriting. lnlhia uinthe previo,..table,for ll1c .ake of bn:vity, we hove dispenMd with tb e word& ..;mpJy using I inllad of Chi..Cdivision I,....! I inatead ol Subdioisiou l, elc. l'rob.bly some penons will 1 Little difficlllty in making tbemscle. f amiliar with tile an-angement of Part 11: but we trust that every one, who hD gained tome knowledge of running-hand writing from the firat p11rt,will, with the assistauee of the directiona above and of \be view of dUtribution presented on pp. 57-59 ofPart.ll, and by Cl)mparing this last with th e work itself, be enabled, without much diftlclllty,to w rchfor the forms giwninthatporl. Wefcc\oonvincedtbatmanyan axcepticnwillbetakenagainstth e arrangemcntoltbese oond p11rt,and that it will tooletimu ho grounded; but when we refloct on what experience h .. taught us, vi ... that in the chief malter ,. ha,.., reached our aim: that it i s not indeed difficult to find \be runniog-lwld fonn1 then w e aJri,e otthe eoorid.ion that th..e rom.o.rb th&t,tbelloelmeMofthematterandour for 1\tbougb \be Cbineoe standard cblracten nay be open to IIOille tt!mark, yet, in other l"t'ij)OC\l, Mr. P. W.M.T.r.AP, Litbogr!opher, or Leydeo, has taken 110 much p11in1, that it may ie with \be production s of foreign Jitbograpbic presses. In conclusion we hope that thi1 work may be to others what it h u been to Ul: -a key to the rich store of Japanese and Cbincae teJts written in running-hand character. Uydtn,Warch\861 fl.].o1 $T.AULAJRE. 1\'. P.

PAGE 9

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PAGE 10

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PAGE 11

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PAGE 14

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PAGE 27

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PAGE 29

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PAGE 38

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