Citation
جهان نما

Material Information

Title:
جهان نما
Added title page title:
Jihān'numā
Alternate title:
Kitab-i Cihannuma
Alternate title:
Kitâb-ı Cihânnümâ
Alternate title:
Book of Cihannuma
Alternate title:
Jihan'numa
Alternate title:
Cihannümâ
Alternate title:
Cihannuma
Creator:
Kâtip Çelebi, 1609-1657
كاتب جلبي
Katib Celebi, 1609-1657
Publication Date:
Language:
Turkish, Ottoman
Materials:
Paper ( medium )
Measurements:
15 x 14 cm. in
Technique:
Watercolour and ink on paper - Watercolour is an application over woodblock printing - Ink (red on maps and black on text pages) provide map labels and textual commentary.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Maps
Geography
World maps ( lcsh )
Atlases
Haritalar
CoÄŸrafya
Dünya atlaslar
Genre:
Atlases

Notes

Scope and Content:
Map of the British Isles. Atlas based on Katib Celebi's Cihannuma (Universal Geography). Ottoman Turkish. Ottoman Empire (perhaps Balkans), second half of 18th century, watercolour and ink on paper. H15 x W14cm. MS 139868, fol.11r. Presented to SOAS by the Earl Henry Herbert Kitchener, the Viscount Broome ( English,,,, )
Scope and Content:
The book begins with maps of the globe, continents, and various nations before focussing on the Ottoman Empire, and in particular sanjaks (districts) in Greece and the Balkans. The sequence of maps is briefly interrupted by a short series of views of Ottoman fortresses. Like the maps, these views are charmingly executed in watercolour. Interspersed among the images are text pages written in Ottoman Turkish and describing the regions depicted in the maps. We have not had the opportunity to look at these text pages in any detail but they are perfectly legible to anyone with a knowledge of Ottoman. The book appears to be intact (except for f. 3r, which has been cut) and retains what seems to be its original binding of green velvet. The paper used for its pages is of various types, some with clear European watermarks (see other watermark document).
Scope and Content:
There appears to be no title page or indication of the book’s author. For some reason, the work has become identified in the Library’s records with the famous geographical work written by Katip Çelebi in the early-17th century (the Cihannüma). That the manuscript, however, does not date from this period is evidenced by the political geography of the maps (particularly of N. America), by the stylistic qualities of the painting (for example, the baroque cartouche on the map of the UK), and by the European watermarks of some of the paper (see other document concerning watermarks). All these clues point to the second half of the 18th century (the watermarks give a terminus post quem of the 1750s, see AC folder on paper). Another indication of the book’s date is its depiction of North America: California is shown as an island (it was not until the third quarter of the 18th century that it was known for certain to be a peninsular), and the continent is labelled New England, New France, New Spain, etc., with no indication that the United States had declared independence. It should be noted that New France collapsed with the handing over of Canada to the British in 1763. However, given that this map can only have been based on another, it could well be out of date, and does not provide a definitive terminus ante quem. Perhaps more relevant in this regard is the fact that certain of the Balkan maps (which are likely not have been at all out of date) show parts of the Dalmatian coast to be under Venetian control, which indeed they were until 1797, when the Republic of Venice fell to Napoleon. It is, then, almost certain that the atlas dates from the second half of the 18th century, and (if the map of America is anything to go by) arguably to the earlier portion of this period.
General Note:
Written in Ottoman Turkish.
General Note:
This version holds selected maps from the original edition with the addition of holographic pages of text.
General Note:
Presented to SOAS by Earl Henry Herbert Kitchener, the Viscount Broome.
General Note:
No title page or colophon. Text being mostly the description of Rumeli and Bosnia
General Note:
Neat nastaliq on 29 folded leaves, closely written in line running parallel to spine
General Note:
58 folded maps drawn in black ink, political boundaries in yellow, green or red water-colour ; sea and other areas of water in grey wash
General Note:
Bound in cardboard, covered with faded green velv
General Note:
On fly leaf: ex libris of Osman Nuri Pasha, dated 13th Dhu'l-Hijja 1251, 31st march 1836
General Note:
Bound in green velvet, this fascinating little book contains a series of fold-out maps of the world executed in watercolour. Iterspersed between them are text pages whose contents are extracted from the first version of the Cihannuma, the famous but unfinished Turkish geography written in the mid-seventeenth century by the Ottomam scholar Katib Celebi (1609-57). Several features - including the style of its paintings, the political geography of its maps, and its European watermarks, date this book to the second half of the 18th century. Though based on the Cihannuman, the manuscript is not a simple copy, but a highly idiosyncratic adaptation whose maps and text place particular focus on the Ottoman Empire's Balkan provinces, which is wehre it may have been produced. -- Contadini, Anna (ed.), Objects of Instruction. Treasures of the School of Oriental and African Studies (London, 2007), p.10 no.83
General Note:
Importance: for the history of cartography; for the knowledge on the approach to the "outside" in the 18th century Ottoman conceptualization of the world; for the history of the interactions between the Ottoman empire and Europe; for the history of intellectual cooperation in the 18th century Ottoman world, given that the manuscript is a highly idiosyncratic updated version of Celebi's geography; for its focus on the Balkans and what that may reveal about the importance of this region at the time; for important codicological aspects, for example, the different types of paper used, including European ones, as evidenced by the various watermarks.
General Note:
Contents: In all cases, the painted pages are left blank on the side not bearing the image. Unless otherwise indicated, all the pages (but not the flyleaves) are folded over once vertically. The measurements below are in centimetres, the height being given before the width. The book did not open so well towards its centre, which may reflect in some of the width measurements. -- Flyleaf: ex-libris inscription on the verso with the date (1)251 -- 1: Text page, written on the verso. -- 2r: Map of the world. 15 X 23.5. -- 3r: Map of Europe. 15 X 15 (The only page in the book not to fold out, it has evidently been cut along its left edge.) . -- 4r: Map of Asia. 15 X 23.5. -- 5r: Map of Africa. 15 X 25.5. -- 6r: Map of North America. 15 X 24. -- 7r: Map of South America. 15 X 24.5. -- 8r: Map of Portugal. 15 X 23.5. -- 9r: Map of Iberia. 15 X 24. -- 10r: Map of France. 15 X 23.5. -- 11r: Map of Britain, with the title appearing in a Baroque frame. A Western watermark is clearly visible. 15 X 24. -- 12r: Large map of the Mediterranean and the lands around it, folded over several times. The watermark “J. Whatman” is clearly visible on the verso. 23.3 X 54. -- 13r: Map of the Netherlands. 15 X 24. -- 14r: Map of Germany. 24.5 X 15. -- 15r: Map of Italy, with the title appearing in a conch. 15 X 22.5. -- 16r: Map of the Ukraine. 15 X 24. -- 17r: Map of Russia. 15 X 24. -- 18r: Map of Scandinavia. 15 X 24. -- 19r: Map of Denmark. 15 X 25. -- 20r: Map of the Ottoman Empire. 15 X 24.5. -- 21v: Large map of the Dardanelles, folded over several times. 24 X 34. -- 22r: Map of the Mediterranean and Black Seas and the lands surrounding them. 15 X 27. . -- 23: Text page, written on the verso. . -- 24r: Map of Crete. 15 X 25.5. -- 25: Blank page. . -- 26r: Large map of Istanbul, folded over several times. The watermark “J. Whatman” is clearly visible on he verso. 60 X 39. -- 27r: Map of the Dardanelles. 15 X 24.5. -- 28: Blank page. . -- 29: Text page, written on the verso. . -- 30r: Map of the Bosphorous, Sea of Marmara, and Black Sea. 15 X 23.5. -- 31r: Map of a sanjak bordering the Black Sea. 15 X 22. -- 32: Text page, written on the verso. -- 33: Text page, written on the verso. -- 34r: Map of the Sanjak of Nigebolu. 15 X 23. -- 35: Text page, written on the verso. -- 36r: Map of the Sanjak of Vidin (?). A very distinctive watermark with the initials AS and a finial-like ornament is visible. 15 X 19. -- 37: Text page, written on the verso. -- 38r: Map of area around Sofia. 15 X 21. -- 39: Text page, written on the verso. -- 40r: Map of an area of the Balkans centred on Sofia. 15 X 23.5. -- 41: Text page, written on the verso. -- 42r: Map of the Sea of Marmara and the lands bordering it. 15 X 20.5. -- 43: Text page, written on the verso. -- 44r: Map of Thessalonica. 15 X 20. -- 45: Text page, written on the verso. -- 46r: Map of the district of Köstendil in the Balkans. 15 X 19. -- 47: Text page, written on the verso. -- 48r: Map of a district north of Thessalonica. 15 X 20. -- 49: Text page, written on the verso. -- 50r: Map of a Balkan sanjak. 15 X 21. -- 51: Text page, written on the verso.52r: Map of Greek islands. 15 X 21. -- 53: Text page, written on the verso. -- 54r: Map of the Island of Mora. 15 X 21 (folds out well). -- 55r: view of the fortress of Anabolu. 15 X 23. -- 56r: View of the fortress of Menekse. 15 X 22. -- 57r: View of the fortress of Mora. 15 X 21.5. -- 58r: View of the fortress of Lepanto (Inebahti). 15 X 20.5. -- 59r: Map of Greek/Balkan sanjaks. 15 X 20.5. -- 60: Text page, written on the verso. -- 61r: Map of Greek/Balkan sanjaks. 20 X 15. -- 62r: Map of Elbistan and neighbouring Venetian territories. 15 X 20. -- 63: Text page, written on the verso -- 64r: Map of Greek/Balkan sanjaks. 15 X 21. -- 65: Text page, written on the verso. -- 66: Text page, written on the verso. -- 67r: Map of Greek/Balkan sanjaks. 15 X 22. -- 68: Text page, written on the verso. -- 69r: Map of the Balkans, including Bosnia and neighbouring Venetian territory. 15 X 21 -- 70: Text page, written on the verso with text continuing onto the recto. -- 71: Text page, written on the verso. -- 72r: Map of the Balkans, including Bosnia and neighbouring Venetian territory. 15 X 23 -- 73: Text page, written on the verso with text continuing onto the recto. -- 74r: Map of the sanjak of Semendire in the Balkans. 15 X 21.5 -- 75: Text page, written on the verso. -- 76r: Map of a Balkan territory. 15 X 21 -- 77: Text page, written on the verso. -- 78r: Map of a Balkan territory. 15 X 21 -- 79: Text page, written on the verso. -- 80r: Map of Seksar and Mohacs. 15 X 20.5 -- 81: Text page, written on the verso with text continuing onto the recto. -- 82r: Map of the Balkans, including Belgrade. Watermark with the initials AS very clearly visible. 15 X 20 -- 83: Text page, written on the verso with text continuing onto the recto. -- 84r: Map of area centred on Sgitvar. Visible is a distinctive watermark comprising a lion passant over the initial M. -- 85: Text page, written on the verso. -- 86r: Map of the land of Yanik (?). 15 X 23 -- 87: Text page, written on the verso with text continuing onto the recto. -- 88r: map of Temes,var in Romania, with lion watermark clearly visible. 15 X 24.5 -- 89: Text page, written on the verso. -- 90r: Map of Egri and Hatvan (in Hungary), with lion watermark clearly visible. 15 X 22 -- 91: Blank page -- 92r: Map of Eastern Europe, including Hungary. 15 X 24 -- 93r: Map of lands north of the Black Seas. 15 X 24 -- 94r: Map of the Northern Caucasus. 15 X 24 -- 95r: Map of Georgia and Daghestan. 15 X 24 -- 96r: Map of Eastern Anatolia and Western Iran. 15 X 25 -- 97r: Map of Iraq. 15 X 24 -- Flyleaf: blank -- Dimensions: H.15 X W. 14 X D.2.6 at the spine, splaying out to 5.

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS, University of London
Holding Location:
|Archives and Special Collections
Rights Management:
This item is licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivative License. This license allows others to download this work and share them with others as long as they mention the author and link back to the author, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially.
Resource Identifier:
MS 139868 ( SOAS Manuscript number )

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