Citation
4 things to know about post-earthquake aid and recovery in Nepal

Material Information

Title:
4 things to know about post-earthquake aid and recovery in Nepal
Added title page title:
Four things to know about post-earthquake aid and recovery in Nepal
Creator:
Michaels, Lena ( Author, Primary )
Place of Publication:
San Francisco, CA
Publisher:
The Asia Foundation
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
© 2016, The Asia Foundation
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
एशिया -- नेपाल
Asie -- Népal
Educational impacts ( SWAY )
Education -- Impact ( LCSH )
शैक्षिक प्रभाव ( SWAY )
Displacement ( SWAY )
Refugees ( LCSH )
विस्थापन ( SWAY )
Reconstruction and development ( SWAY )
Nepal -- Economic development ( LCSH )
Nepal -- Repair and reconstruction ( LCSH )
पुन:निर्माण तथा विकास ( SWAY )
Subsidies and compensation ( SWAY )
Subsidies ( LCSH )
Wages ( LCSH )
अनुदान र क्षतिपूर्ति ( SWAY )
Grievances ( SWAY )
Grievance arbitration ( LCSH )
Grievance procedures ( LCSH )
गुनासोहरु ( SWAY )
Genre:
NGO Report ( SWAY )
Temporal Coverage:
20150425 - 20160510
Spatial Coverage:
Asia -- Nepal
Coordinates:
28 x 84

Notes

General Note:
Funded by GCRF (Global Challenges Research Fund) through AHRC (Arts and Humanities Research Council), Grant number AH/P003648/1, as "After the Earth's Violent Sway: the tangible and intangible legacies of a natural disaster", Dr. Michael Hutt, Principal Investigator.

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS University of London
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:


Full Text
22/02/2019
4 Things to Know About Post-Earthquake Aid and Recovery in Nepal - The Asia Foundation
The Asia Foundation
About us Our work Explore Support Search... Q
Search entire site
Search... Q
I NAS IA
WEEKLY INSIGHTS AND ANALYSIS
4 Things to Know About Post-
Earthquake Aid and Recovery in Nepal
October 5, 2016
By Lena Michaels
A year and a half after a series of major earthquakes struck Nepal, causing
widespread devastation and killing nearly 9,000 people, the pace of
reconstruction remains painfully slow. One month ago, the prime minister
announced an additional $1,000 in relief per household, which would raise
the total resources available to each affected household to $3,000. However,
the National Reconstruction Authority (NRA), which plans to distribute the
money in three installments, has so far been unable to complete the
distribution of even the first installment of $500 to affected households.
Many people who lost their homes have now spent two monsoon seasons
and one winter in self-constructed temporary shelters, and several people
https://asiafoundation.org/2016/10/05/4-things-know-post-earthquake-aid-recovery-nepal/
1/11


22/02/2019
4 Things to Know About Post-Earthquake Aid and Recovery in Nepal - The Asia Foundation
died last winter from the cold and diseases. With winter imminent,
thousands are still at risk.
A year and a half after a series of major earthquakes struck Nepal, causing widespread
devastation and killing nearly 9,000 people, the pace of reconstruction remains painfully slow.
Above, temporary shelter set up after the earthquakes.
To gather systematic evidence on the longer-term impact of the earthquake,
the effectiveness of the aid response, and patterns of recovery, The Asia
Foundation has developed the Independent Impacts and Recovery
Monitoring (IRM) project which includes a large-scale household survey and
in-depth field monitoring. The project tracks reconstruction efforts over time
through multiple research rounds: the first was conducted in June 2015, the
second in February and March 2016, and the third is ongoing.
Key messages from the second wave of research are:
There is an urgent need for a strategy to provide more sturdy shelters
and for programs to mitigate the consequences of staying in temporary
shelters.
As of March 2016, almost 80 percent of people in the most severely affected
districts were still living in temporary shelters. Most were able to make
repairs to their shelters to get them through the winter, but 21 percent of
respondents said repairs were not sufficient for the cold, and 5 percent were
unable to make repairs at all. People staying in temporary shelters have
endured health problems and extreme physical discomfort. Those displaced
from their land faced the additional burden of uncertainty about their
longer-term settlement and, in some places, tensions with local communities
New or improved shelters thus need to be developed together with
resettlement plans to mitigate the impact of the slow pace of reconstruction
https://asiafoundation.org/2016/10/05/4-things-know-post-earthquake-aid-recovery-nepal/
2/11


22/02/2019
4 Things to Know About Post-Earthquake Aid and Recovery in Nepal - The Asia Foundation
and precarious living situations of those still staying in temporary shelters or
dangerously damaged houses.
People need access to cash grants and affordable credit to rebuild their
homes.
Over two-thirds of total respondents—and over 85 percent in the most
severely hit districts— identified cash as a priority immediate need across
affected districts; a significant increase compared to the first round of
research in June 2015. Yet, cash grant distribution has been slow and is done
in installments of relatively small amounts. So far, people whose houses
were badly damaged or fully destroyed have received just $500, the first
installment of the government's reconstruction cash grant, to begin
rebuilding their homes. Some affected households, such as those who do not
own land or whose houses were only partially damaged but inhabitable, have
not received any cash assistance from the government due to their exclusion
from beneficiary lists drawn on the basis of highly contested damage
assessments.
In addition, costs for construction materials and laborers are comparatively
high, and farming, the most common income source in affected districts, is
slower to recover than other livelihoods due to landslides, drying up of water
sources, damages to irrigation channels, and the loss of seeds, fertilizers, and
livestock. This has adversely affected incomes and food security in some
places.
Perhaps not surprisingly, then, borrowing has increased in both the number
of people taking loans and the size of loans. More than twice as many people
have borrowed and average loan sizes have increased 240 percent. In
severely hit districts, 42 percent of people reported borrowing since the 2015
monsoon and many more had plans to borrow in the near future. While
there has been a move toward more formal sources, which charge lower
rates of interest, the number of people borrowing from moneylenders has
increased and they continue to lend the largest amounts per borrower.
Marginalized groups are particularly vulnerable and at risk of debt
traps.
The poorest, lower castes, women, and the disabled are more likely to face
credit constraints and to borrow at high interest rates from informal sources
despite being most in need of credit. People in more remote and poorer
rural areas are also more likely to borrow from moneylenders charging high
interest rates than those in urban areas. The likelihood is high that these
poorer households will sell off whatever assets remain to repay high-interest
loans. Thus, debt traps are a real risk for marginalized groups. More
https://asiafoundation.org/2016/10/05/4-things-know-post-earthquake-aid-recovery-nepal/
3/11


22/02/2019
4 Things to Know About Post-Earthquake Aid and Recovery in Nepal - The Asia Foundation
accessible and affordable credit and cash grants are particularly important to
counter rising vulnerability and inequality—especially so because those who
are most vulnerable are less likely to make their voices and concerns heard.
Distribution of aid is uneven and some poorer and remote areas are
missing out.
Government assistance, although limited, has generally reached earthquake-
affected households. Ninety percent of people in the most affected districts
had received the limited assistance that was provided in the form of small
cash transfers to assist the construction of shelters and to cope with the
winter. Yet, some areas have received significantly more assistance from
non-governmental and individual donors than others, with recovery in the
latter being particularly difficult. Solukhumbu, a comparatively well-off
district benefitting from tourism and climbing in the Everest region, on the
other hand, has received a larger volume of non-governmental assistance
and is recovering faster. In Okhaldhunga, a poor district, over 60 percent of
homes were damaged, farming has been strongly affected by landslides and
lack of access to water sources, and food insecurity is comparatively
common. Yet, only two percent have received food assistance and only 5
percent have received any type of aid since the 2015 monsoon.
The IRM research indicates that while people have so far managed to
somehow get by, conditions remain extremely difficult for those affected,
and there are real risks of poverty traps, rising food insecurity, and disease.
Labor migration and the sale of assets to repay high-interest loans may
become more common. Further, discontent of those left behind may lead to
tensions and existing inequalities may be reinforced as already marginalized
and vulnerable groups are recovering more slowly. Faster and better-
coordinated assistance are therefore urgently needed. The reports identify
areas that need particular attention and include recommendations on how
the speed and quality of recovery may be improved.
Lena Michaels is a program coordinator for The Asia Foundation's Independent
Impacts and Recovery Monitoring (IRM) project in Nepal. The views and opinions
expressed here are those of the individual author and not those of The Asia
Foundation or its funders.
RELATED LOCATIONS: Nepal
related programs: Environmental Resilience, Strengthen Governance
related topics: Disaster Management, Independent Impacts and
Recovery Monitoring Nepal, Nepal Earthquake
PREVIOUS IN BLOG
« Building an Economic Foundation for Girls in Southern Thailand
https://asiafoundation.org/2016/10/05/4-things-know-post-earthquake-aid-recovery-nepal/
4/11


22/02/2019
4 Things to Know About Post-Earthquake Aid and Recovery in Nepal - The Asia Foundation
NEXT IN BLOG
Facebook and Politics in Cambodia: Not All 'Likes' Are the Same »
3 Comments
BALA RAJU NIKKU on October 20, 2016 at 11:07 pm
We at Nepal School of Social Work would like to thank Asia
Foundation for bringing a very insightful research and
highlighting the current grim picture of disaster response and
poor governance!
Reply
Les amis de Sherpagaun on October 23, 2016 at 2:17 pm
Thank you very much for that analysis that highlights the
difficulties mainly faced by the poorest.
Reply
Sara Parker on November 2, 2017 at 6:23 pm
Really important that these issues are addressed at the highest
level thanks for sharing the this. Also raises questions about
whose responsibility it is and the need for government to do
more to support local people - those with high level of NGO
input as this article highlights often recover faster
Reply
This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is
processed.
https://asiafoundation.org/2016/10/05/4-things-know-post-earthquake-aid-recovery-nepal/
5/11


22/02/2019
4 Things to Know About Post-Earthquake Aid and Recovery in Nepal - The Asia Foundation
About our blog, InAsia
InAsia is a weekly in-depth, in-country resource for readers who
want to stay abreast of significant events and issues shaping
AsiaVs development, hosted by The Asia Foundation. Drawing on
the first-hand insight of over 70 renowned experts in over 20
countries, InAsia delivers concentrated analysis on issues affecting
each region of Asia, as well as Foundation-produced reports and
polls.
InAsia is posted and distributed every Wednesday evening, Pacific
Time and is accessible via email and RSS. If you have any
questions, please send an email to
editor.inasia@asiafoundation.org.
Subscribe
Contact
For questions about InAsia, or for our cross-post and re-use policy, please
send an email to editor.inasia@asiafoundation.org.
The Asia Foundation
465 California St., 9th Floor
San Francisco, CA 94104
Mailing Address:
PO Box 193223
San Francisco, CA 94119-3223
https://asiafoundation.org/2016/10/05/4-things-know-post-earthquake-aid-recovery-nepal/
6/11


22/02/2019
4 Things to Know About Post-Earthquake Aid and Recovery in Nepal - The Asia Foundation
HIGHLIGHTS ACROSS ASIA
The Asia Foundation
Selects 2019 Development Fellows
SAN FRANCISCO
FEBRUARY 20, 2019
NEWS
The Boeing Company and
The Asia Foundation in Vietnam Launch Project to Prepare Young Adults for Careers in
IT
HANOI
FEBRUARY 19, 2019
NEWS
https://asiafoundation.org/2016/10/05/4-things-know-post-earthquake-aid-recovery-nepal/
7/11


22/02/2019
4 Things to Know About Post-Earthquake Aid and Recovery in Nepal - The Asia Foundation
Nathan Shea
FEBRUARY 13, 2019
BLOG
U.S.-PHILIPPINES
The Asia Foundation and
Ateneo School of Government Host US-Philippines Bilateral Relationship Conference
FEBRUARY 8, 2019
NEWS
« Why facts and think tanks matter
2018 Global Go To Think Tank Ifidtn launch event
Asia Foundation's
Afghanistan Office Named Top Think Tank by University of Pennsylvania
FEBRUARY 7, 2019
MEDIA COVERAGE
https://asiafoundation.org/2016/10/05/4-things-know-post-earthquake-aid-recovery-nepal/
8/11


22/02/2019
4 Things to Know About Post-Earthquake Aid and Recovery in Nepal - The Asia Foundation
LBEYONDOPARA|lEL
â– R"hSA"RFFii'.i um -NZ+'FiHr.'hniHF-i u Kiiiui urdb-iii >Vi
AMAlHSu DATAMSCS IMUDH SICHAlS ABOUT U»f.H f W ®

CSIS Interviews Trustee
Kathleen Stephens in "Living History" Video Series
JANUARY 31, 2019
MEDIA COVERAGE
2019 Lotus Leadership Awards
Gala
Wednesday, April 3, 2019, New York City
Honoring award-winning journalist Christiane
Amanpour and social enterprise SafetiPin
Buy tickets
2019 Lotus Leadership Awards
Gala
Wednesday, April 3, 2019, New York City
Buy tickets
https://asiafoundation.org/2016/10/05/4-things-know-post-earthquake-aid-recovery-nepal/
9/11


22/02/2019
4 Things to Know About Post-Earthquake Aid and Recovery in Nepal - The Asia Foundation
Tweets by @Asia_Foundation
The Asia Foundation Retweeted
Development Initiatives
@devinitorg
We're delighted to be contributing, alongside @Asia_Foundation, to #Nepal's first Women in #Data
conference this Saturday. This will be just one in a series of events hosted by @d4d_nepal, including a
data talk from @Gapminder tomorrow. More: devinit.org/post/di-suppor... @StatsClaudie
Development Initiatives to support Nepal’s first Women in Data conference
Development Initiatives and The Asia Foundation are co-organising Nepal’s inaugur...
devinit.org
16h
The Asia Foundation Retweeted
Embed
View on Twitter
About us
Careers
Contact us
Donate
Financial information
f < in ©
https://asiafoundation.org/2016/10/05/4-things-know-post-earthquake-aid-recovery-nepal/
10/11


22/02/2019
4 Things to Know About Post-Earthquake Aid and Recovery in Nepal - The Asia Foundation
STAY INFORMED
Your email address
Sign Up
© Copyright 2019 by The Asia Foundation
https://asiafoundation.org/2016/10/05/4-things-know-post-earthquake-aid-recovery-nepal/
11/11