Citation
Annual report of the Executive Secretary to the Civil Governor [for the] year ended ...

Material Information

Title:
Annual report of the Executive Secretary to the Civil Governor [for the] year ended ...
Alternate Title:
Second annual report of the Executive Secretary to the Civil Governor, year ended September 30, 1903
Alternate Title:
Third annual report of the Executive Secretary to the Civil Governor for the year ended September 30, 1904.
Alternate Title:
Annual report of the Executive Secretary for the Philippine Islands to the honorable Governor-General
Alternate Title:
Fifth annual report of the Executive Secretary for the Philippine Islands to the honorable Governor-General
Creator:
Philippines. Executive Bureau
Fergusson, A. W. (Arthur W.), 1859-
Place of Publication:
Manila
Publisher:
Bureau of Public Printing
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : 24 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Executive departments ( lcsh )
Philippines ( lcsh )
Philippines -- Politics and government ( lcsh )
Philippines -- History ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
Temporal Coverage:
19030101 - 19041231
Spatial Coverage:
Asia -- Philippines
Asia -- Filipinas
Asya -- Pilipinas
Coordinates:
13 x 122

Notes

General Note:
A. W. Fergusson, served as United States' Executive Secretary to the Civil Governor of the Philippines during the early 1900s
General Note:
SOAS records for source documents are catalogued independently, as monographs.
Funding:
Funded with resources from SOAS Archives and Special Collections and with the generous support of the Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs and the Office of Senator Loren Legarda.

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This item is licensed with the Creative Commons Attribution, Non-Commercial License. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this work non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms.
Resource Identifier:
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132691875 ( OCLC )
10243350 ( Aleph )
319493048 ( OCLC )
EM3164 /524340 ( SOAS classmark )

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Full Text

SECOND ANNUAL REPORT
OF THE
Executive Secretary
TO THE
CIVIL GOVERNOR,
Year Ended September 30, 1903.
MANILA:
bureau of public printing.
1904.




SECOND ANNUAL REPORT
of the
Executive Secretary
to the
CIVIL GOVERNOR,
Year Ended September 30, 1903.
MANILA:
bureau of public printing.
1904.
14043




SECOND ANNUAL REPORT OF THE EXECUTIVE
SECRETARY TO THE CIVIL GOVERNOR.
Manila, P. I., October 1, 1903.
SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the
work of the Executive Bureau for the year ending September 30,
1903:
The first annual report, which covered the period from the
inauguration of the Civil Government, July 4, 1901, to September
30, 1902, recited the duties and functions of this Bureau as pro-
vided by law and developed in practice during that period. A few
more words upon this subject may not be amiss as throwing light
upon the governmental machine that has been evolved and put in
motion in these Islands, patterned after, but differing in a considr
erable degree from, the great democratic mechanism known as the
Government at Washington.
scope of bureau's work.
Under the present organization of the Insular Government the
jurisdiction of the Executive Bureau is in fact that of a depart-
ment rather than a bureau, for in the performance of duties speci-
fically fixed by law as well as pursuant to the general provision "to
assist the Civil Governor in his executive duties," the Executive
Bureau is required to discharge many of the functions of an
Executive Department under the Federal Government of the United
States. Like the Department of State, it publishes the laws and
resolutions of the central legislative authority,; £nd proclamations,
grants and issues'passports; has the custody of the great seal of the
Government; countersigns and affixes this seal to all executive
proclamations, to various commissions, and to warrants for the
extradition of fugitives from justice; and conducts correspondence
with consular representatives of foreign powers accredited to the
Islands.
The office of the Improvement of the Port of Manila falls within
the jurisdiction of this Bureau, under the direction of the Civil
3


4
Governor, and in this respect at least one of the functions of the
War Department is discharged. The assignment, relief, and trans-
fers of judges of Courts of First Instance, and to a degree of other
officers of the judiciary of the Islands, impose upon this office duties
of a character which under the Federal Government devolve upon
the Department of Justice.
The constant increase in demands upon the time of the Civil
Governor rendered it necessary for this office to assume, under his
direction, the supervision of provincial and municipal governments,
including that of the city of Manila, in which regard the Executive
Bureau performs duties analogous to, though more extensive than,
those of the Department of the Interior in its exercise of certain
powers and duties in. relation to the Territories of the United
States. It has, as well, departmental control as exercised under the
Federal Government of the United States by the office of the
President, over independent and unassigned bureaus and offices
which at this time are the Bureaus of the Philippine Civil Service
Board and Insular Purchasing Agent, and the offices of the Im-
provement of the Port, the St. Louis Exposition Board, and the
Collecting Librarian of the Insular Government. Interdepart-
mental business is transacted through this office, so that in many
ways it merits the designation recently given by one who termed
it "the clearing house of the Government."
During the absence of the Secretary of Commerce and Police in
the United States the Bureaus of that Department were attached
for administrative purposes to this office; and from April 9, when
the Civil Governor went to Baguio, Benguet, and while the Com-
mission was in session there from May 11 to June 2, 1903, it be-
came necessary for this Bureau to act frequently upon important
matters of an urgent character falling within the jurisdiction of
all the other Departments and in respect of which it was imprac-
ticable to await instructions by post when telegraphic communica-
tion was interrupted.
The supervisory control and direction of provincial governments
referred to above carries with it the obligation to solve countless
problems of administrative organization and operations, and brings
the Bureau into closer contact with the nearly 7,000,000 inhabi-
tants of the Archipelago than any department or other office of the
Central Government. A great share of this work is in the form of
original requests for decisions upon matters not clearly falling


5
within the purview of any Department, and appeals to the Civil
Governor and the Commission from decisions by those Departments.
law clerk.
Within the original jurisdiction of this office lies the review of
proceedings in cases involving charges against Government officials,
including provincial and municipal officials and justices of the
peace. The important work of translating, digesting, and prepar-
ing the voluminous records in these cases, with recommendations
as to disposition, is assigned to the law clerk of the Bureau, whose
report is herewith submitted (Appendix A), from which may be
obtained a more adequate conception than may be here conveyed
of the portion of the work of the office assigned to him.
changes in provincial boundaries.
The formative period, so far as it relates to provincial adminis-
trationin many respects the most important factor in the work
of the Bureaumust necessarily extend over several years, and the
necessity for consolidation and reorganization in the interest of
economy and good administration has demanded and received ac-
tion in several instances during the year. The following changes
have been made in the boundaries of organized provinces during
the year under review: By including that portion of Nueva Ecija
which extended to the ocean and lay between what were under
Spanish government the districts of Infanta and Principe, the
Province of Tayabas was given continuity of territory on the
Pacific coast and a slight extension to the northward by the addi-
tion of a portion of southern Isabela. By act of November 10, 1902,
the organization of the Province of Marinduque was discontinued
and its territory, with the exception of the Island of Mindoro,
merged in the Province of Tayabas. The Province of Mindoro
was then established to consist of the Island of Mindoro and
small adjacent islands, including the Island of Luban. The limits
of the Province of Paragua were extended by act of May 14, 1903,
to include the entire Island of Paragua, the Islands of Dumaran
and Balabac, the Calamianes Islands, the Cuyos Islands, the Caga-
vanes Islands, and all adjacent islands not included within the
limits of any other province.
civil rule extended throughout archipelago.
By the creation of the Moro Province by Act of June 1, 1903,
which went into effect on July 15, from portions of the Provinces


4
Governor, and in this respect at least one of the functions of the
War Department is discharged. The assignment, relief, and trans-
fers of judges of Courts of First Instance, and to a degree of other
officers of the judiciary of the Islands, impose upon this office duties
of a character which under the Federal Government devolve upon
the Department of Justice.
The constant increase in demands upon the time of the Civil
Governor rendered it necessary for this office to assume, under his
direction, the supervision of provincial and municipal governments,
including that of the city of Manila, in which regard the Executive
Bureau performs duties analogous to, though more extensive than,
those of the Department of the Interior in its exercise of certain
powers and duties in. relation to the Territories of the United
States. It has, as well, departmental control as exercised under the
Federal Government of the United States by the office of the
President, over independent and unassigned bureaus and offices
which at this time are the Bureaus of the Philippine Civil Service
Board and Insular Purchasing Agent, *and the offices of the Im-
provement of the Port, the St. Louis Exposition Board, and the
Collecting Librarian of the Insular Government. Interdepart-
mental business is transacted through this office, so that in many
ways it merits the designation recently given by one who termed
it "the clearing house of the Government."
During the absence of the Secretary of Commerce and Police in
the United States the Bureaus of that Department were attached
for administrative purposes to this office; and from April 9, when
the Civil Governor went to Baguio, Benguet, and while the Com-
mission was in session there from May 11 to June 2, 1903, it be-
came necessary for this Bureau to act frequently upon important
matters of an urgent character falling within the jurisdiction of
all the other Departments and in respect of which it was imprac-
ticable to await instructions by post when telegraphic communica-
tion was interrupted.
The supervisory control and direction of provincial governments
referred to above carries with it the obligation to solve countless
problems of administrative organization and operations, and brings
the Bureau into closer contact with the nearly 7,000,000 inhabi-
tants of the Archipelago than any department or other office of the
Central Government. A great share of this work is in the form of
original requests for decisions upon matters not clearly falling


5
within the purview of any Department, and appeals to the Civil
Governor and the Commission from decisions by those Departments.
law clerk.
Within the original jurisdiction of this office lies the review of
proceedings in cases involving charges against Government officials,
including provincial and municipal officials and justices of the
peace. The important work of translating, digesting, and prepar-
ing the voluminous records in these cases, with recommendations
as to disposition, is assigned to the law clerk of the Bureau, whose
report is herewith submitted (Appendix A), from which may be
obtained a more adequate conception than may be here conveyed
of the portion of the work of the office assigned to him.
changes in provincial boundaries.
The formative period, so far as it relates to provincial adminis-
trationin many respects the most important factor in the work
of the Bureaumust necessarily extend over several years, and the
necessity for consolidation and reorganization in the interest of
economy and good administration has demanded and received ac-
tion in several instances during the year. The following changes
have been made in the boundaries of organized provinces during
the year under review: By including that portion of Nueva Ecija
which extended to the ocean and lay between what were under
Spanish government the districts of Infanta and Principe, the
Province of Tayabas was given continuity of territory on the
Pacific coast and a slight extension to the northward by the addi-
tion of a portion of southern Isabela. By act of November 10, 1902,
the organization of the Province of Marinduque was discontinued
and its territory, with the exception of the Island of Mindoro,
merged in the Province of Tayabas. The Province of Mindoro
was then established to consist of the Island of Mindoro and
small adjacent islands, including the Island of Luban. The limits
of the Province of Paragua were extended by act of May 14, 1903,
to include the entire Island of Paragua, the Islands of Dumaran
and Balabac, the Calamianes Islands, the Cuyos Islands, the Caga-
vanes Islands, and all adjacent islands not included within the
limits of any other province.
civil rule extended throughout archipelago.
By the creation of the Moro Province by Act of June 1, 1903,
which went into effect on July 15, from portions of the Provinces


6
of Misamis and Snrigao the theretofore unorganized territory of
the Island of Mindanao, the Jolo and Tawi-Tawi groups, and ad-
jacent islands the provincial organization of the entire Archipelago
was completed.
The Government of the Philippine Islands now comprises forty
provinces and the city of Manila, the capital of the Archipelago,
which is wholly independent of any provincial government. Thirty-
four of the provinces are organized under the Provincial Govern-
ment Act (Act No. 83) and elect their governor, of whom thirty-one
are Filipinos and three Americans. The remaining six are organ-
ized under special acts and their governors are appointed by the
Civil Governor with the advice and consent of the Philippine
Commission; three of these are civilians and three commissioned
officers of the United States Army. All are Americans.
municipal organization and statistics.
In addition to the review of proceedings against municipal
officials' before provincial boards on charges of official misconduct
many questions involving municipal administration reach this
office for solution. At present there are 1,035 organized municipal-
ities, but a material reduction will result from the consolidation
now in progress by which many of the smaller and financially weak
are to be merged in adjacent stronger ones with a view to better
economic administration. As now constituted the municipalities
of the Archipelago, excepting the Moro Province and Lepanto-
Bontoc, from which returns have not been received as yet, com-
prise 14,097 barrios.
In addition to the president, secretary, treasurer, and councilors
who are elected by the people or otherwise selected by local
authority as provided by law, there is in each municipality a
justice and auxiliary justice of the peace who are appointed by
the Civil Governor with the advice and consent of the Commission.
Owing to the large number of these officials, together with the
many others similarly appointed and the constant changes due to
various causes, a considerable office force is required to keep the
appointment correspondence and record work up to date. Cor-
rected rosters are kept of provincial and municipal officers, justices
and auxiliary justices of the peace, notaries public, as well as
miscellaneous insular officials.


7
CONGRESSIONAL RELIEF FUND.
Doubtless that which has taxed the resources of this Bureau
most during the past year has been the work of carrying out the
details, pursuant to the direction of the Civil Governor and Com-
mission, of relief provided by Congress in its appropriation of
$3,000,000 by Act approved March 3, 1903, in the distribution of
rice to be used in payment for labor on roads and other public works
and in the destruction of locusts; in connection with the importa-
tion of animals for- agricultural work, and in other measures
looking to the permanent as well as immediate relief and develop-
ment of agriculture in the Islands.
In this connection orders have been issued from this Bureau
distributing 182,538 piculs, or 25,098,975 pounds, of rice to the
various provinces during the period from November 4, 1902, to
September 30, 1903, inclusive, under authority of Acts Nos. 495 and
786 of the Philippine Commission, the distribution having been
as follows:
Piculs.
For sale (Act 495)...................................................................................... 79,717
Destruction of locusts................................................................................ 31,659
Road work and other public improvements............................................ 70,755
182,131
Free .............................................................................................................. 407
Total ................................................................................................ 182,538
LOCUST PLAGUE.
The plague of locusts in twenty-three of the provinces during
the last year has been more severe than usual, the only provinces
unaffected by it thus far being Bataan, Benguet, Bohol, Cebu,
Masbate, Paragua, and Sorsogon. On August 3, 1903, the Philip-
pine Commission, by Act No. 817, created a board to be made up of
the provincial board and three agriculturists, to be appointed by the
Civil Governor, to be known as the locust board, which was
empowered to issue regulations directing the conduct and con-
trolling the operations of the able-bodied inhabitants in suppressing
the plague of locusts in provinces threatened with the same.
Incomplete reports (Appendix B) received from these locust boards
show that in twenty-three of the provinces upwards of 17,003,252
pounds, or 8,501§ tons, of locusts were destroyed between the date


8
of the passage of the act mentioned and September 30, the greatest
number having been destroyed in Occidental Negros (6,930,000
pounds), La Union (1,590,737 pounds), Bulacan (1,534,975
pounds), and Rizal (1,198,862 pounds). The reports from Abra,
x\ntique, Capiz, and Isabela, dated subsequent to October 1, have
been included in Appendix B in order to have no break in the list
of provinces.
FOOD SITUATION IN PROVINCES.
In order to ascertain the food situation in the provinces tele-
grams were addressed on June 16 last to all provincial governors
and answers received from them, which are hereto appended.
(Appendix C.)
DISTRIBUTION OF CARABAOS.
Hundreds of telegrams have been received and sent preliminary
to the distribution of carabaos which is now about to commence.
In the United States a special bureau undoubtedly would have been
created for all this work. .Here it is impracticable to create such
a bureau, and for many reasons the duty of central direction
naturally devolved upon this office.
TRANSPORTATION OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES.
Legislation passed by the Commission March 23, 1903, provided
that the Executive Secretary shall issue to Government officials,
employees, and members of their immediate families official trans-
portation requests on commercial steamship and railway lines
under the terms of an agreement entered into between such trans-
portation companies and the Bureau of Insular Affairs of the War
Department, Army transport facilities having been practically
withdrawn. The arrangement has been in effect less than seven
months, and during that period there have been issued by the
Executive Secretary to civil employees and members of their fami-
lies, including fiancees, 169 steamship transportation requests and
68 railway transportation requests, providing for transportation
from Manila to various points in the United States for 209 persons,
42 per cent of whom were teachers. Sixteen of the above-men-
tioned official requests were issued at the expense of the Insular
Government to officers or employees entitled to traveling expenses
either by law or under their contracts. For those not so issued
there has been paid into the Executive Bureau the sum of


9
$20,162.50, United States currency, or an average of approxi-
mately $3,000 per month, which, in accordance with law, is de-
posited in the Insular Treasury to the credit of the appropriation
"Insular salary and expense fund," from which the steamship and
railway companies are paid by the Government.
PASSPORTS.
Prior to February 2, 1903, there was no provision of law under
which this Government might issue passports to citizens of the
Philippine Inlands desiring to travel in foreign countries. It has
been the practice to furnish such persons and citizens of the United
States, upon request, letters of identification and introduction to
diplomatic and consular officers of the United States.
On February 2, 1903, the Philippine Commission enacted the
following law:
[Act No. 611.]
AN ACT AUTHORIZING THE CIVIL GOVERNOR TO ISSUE PASS-
PORTS TO CITIZENS OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS.
By authority of the United States, he it enacted hy the Philippine Com-
mission, that:
Whereas the Act of Congress approved July first, nineteen hundred and
two, entitled "An Act temporarily to provide for the administration of the
affairs of civil government in the Philippine Islands, and for other pur-
poses," provides in section four thereof "That all inhabitants of the Phil-
ippine Islands continuing to reside therein who were Spanish subjects on
the eleventh day of April, eighteen hundred and ninety-nine, and then
resided in said Islands, and their children born subsequent thereto, shall be
deemed and held to be citizens of the Philippine Islands and as such entitled
to the protection of the United States, except such as shall have elected to
preserve their allegiance to the Crown of Spain in accordance with the pro-
visions of the treaty of peace between the United States and Spain signed at
Paris December tenth, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight":
Section 1. The Civil Governor is hereby authorized to issue passports to
the persons thereby made citizens of the Philippine Islands, identifying
said persons as such citizens and as entitled to the protection of the United
States by virtue of the provision of law above set forth.
Sec. 2. The Civil Governor shall prescribe the form of and rules govern-
ing the issuance of these documents, which shall be known and referred to
as "Philippine passports."
Sec. 3. A fee of two dollars, in money of the United States, shall be
charged for each passport issued hereunder. Such fees shall be paid to the
disbursing officer of the Executive Bureau, who shall keep an account of
same and who shall forthwith deposit same in the Insular Treasury.


10
Sec. 4. The public good requiring the speedy enactment of this bill, the
passage of the same is hereby expedited in accordance with section two of
uAn Act prescribing the order of procedure by the Commission in the enact-
ment of laws," passed September twenty-sixth, nineteen hundred.
Sec. 5. This Act shall take effect on its passage.
Enacted, February 2, 1903.
By Executive Order ]STo. 13, the Civil Governor prescribed the
form and rules governing the issue of passports as follows:
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS,
EXECUTIVE BUREAU.
Manila, April 7, 1903.
Executive Order \
No. 13. 1
The following regulations regarding issuance of passports are published
for the guidance of all concerned in accordance with the provisions of Act
Numbered Six hundred and eleven, entitled "An Act authorizing the Civil
Governor to issue passports to citizens of the Philippine Islands," enacted
February second, nineteen hundred and three:
I.
Philippine passports may be issued to all the inhabitants of the Philip-
pine Islands continuing to reside therein who were Spanish subjects on the
eleventh day of April, eighteen hundred and ninety-nine, and then resided in
said Islands, and their children born subsequent thereto, except such as
shall have elected to preserve their allegiance to the Crown of Spain in
accordance with the provisions of the treaty of peace between the United
States and Spain signed at Paris, December tenth, eighteen hundred and
ninety-eight.
II.
Those applying for a Philippine passport must present their application,
make an affidavit with respect to birth, and state that they were subjects of
Spain as defined in Rule I. They must take the oath of allegiance and
furnish an identification by a creditable person, in accordance with a form
prescribed for such purpose.
III.
A passport expires two years after the date of its issuance and will not be
renewed. A new passport may be issued upon a new application in accord-
ance with the provisions of Rule II.
IV.
When a person applies for a new passport before his old passport has
expired, the latter, coupled with proof that the person in whose behalf it is
presented is the person named therein, may be taken two years from its
date as prima facie evidence of the right of the person to obtain a passport
under Rule I.


11
V.
When the applicant for a passport is accompanied by his wife, minor
children, or by a servant who is entitled to a passport under Rule I, it will
be sufficient to state in the passport the names of such persons and their
relationship to or connection with him. A separate passport must be issued
to each person of full age not the wife or servant of another with whom he
or she is traveling.
VI.
An official fee of two dollars, in money of the United States, shall be
collected by the disbursing officer, Executive Bureau, for each passport
issued, and the fee shall be deposited by him in the Insular Treasury.
Wm. H. Taft,
Civil Governor.
administration and finance division.
The foregoing branches of the Bureau's work, together with many
othersincluding particularly the preparation of appropriation
bills, drawing of leases and contracts for supplies and construction,
and firearms permitsare assigned to the administration and
finance division, the report of which is hereto attached (Appendix
D). The high grade of work done by the clerks of this division and
the excellent manner in which it has been performed have been the
source of intense satisfaction to the Chief of the Bureau and merit
special mention.
legislative division.
In the interest of economy and the prompt dispatch of public
business the office of the Secretary of the Philippine Commission
was abolished by Act No. 609, January 31, 1903, as recommended
in the report of this Bureau for last year, and the Executive Bureau
so reorganized as to provide for the work of the abolished office.
Aside from the enactment of laws the Commission has devoted
much time to the consideration in executive sessions of important
matters upon which the Civil Governor or heads of Departments
desired the benefit of joint discussion and determination. The
year's work of the Commission as a legislative and advisory body
is admirably described by the Recorder, Mr. C. W. Calvin, in his
report (Appendix E), to which attention is invited. Great credit
is due Mr. Calvin for the ability and industry with which he and
his office force have dispatched an immense volume of important
business with promptitude and marked efficiency.


12
TRANSLATING DIVISION.
In the sessions of the Commission, and on practically all other
occasions, when the people generally, and particularly the non-
English speaking masses, are to be reached or desire to communicate
by interview with the Civil Governor or members of the Commis-
sion, the services of an interpreter are necessary; and the impor-
tance of matters discussed on these occasions demands a degree of
expertness of interpretation possessed by but few persons. All acts
of the Commission are translated in the Spanish language promptly
after passage, and for this work of translation it is essential that
there be available trained personnel of a high grade. This is also
true in respect of the vast amount of Spanish-English translation
incident to the correspondence of this office and the Executive
Departments. This work devolves upon the translating division of
the Bureau.
Mr. Francisco J. Yanes, Spanish Secretary to the Philippine
Commission, was in charge of the division until May 16, 1903, when
he returned to the United- States because of the continued ill health
of his family in this climate. Mr. Yanes was appointed to this
service from the Bureau of American Republics in Washington
because of his special fitness both by education and practical experi-
ence, and with great credit carried the burden of responsibility and
to a very great degree that of the actual work under his charge.
Every effort has been made to replace him, but as yet without result.
Further losses of expert personnel from the translating division
have seriously interfered with both the work of translating and
interpreting as well. It has been necessary for the present acting
chief of division to devote so much time to his regular work of
interpreter for the Commission that there have been occasional un-
avoidable delays in the dispatch of translations of documents of
importance. However, the work of the division is now practically
up to date, by dint of work at night and on holidays. There seems
to be an absolute lack of really expert Spanish-English translators
not only in these Islands and the United States but in practically
every other country, as revealed by the ineffectual efforts of this
Government to secure such employees. There is no difficulty in
finding translators of mediocre ability; but men who know one
language thoroughly and have a competent knowledge of one other


13
are rare indeed. The report of the division is hereto attached^
(Appendix F).
COLLECTING LIBRARIAN AND DOCUMENT DIVISION.
The Commission on March 17, 1903 (Act No. 688), authorized
the appointment of a Collecting Librarian of the Insular Govern-
ment "whose duty it shall be, under the supervision and direction of
the Civil Governor, to visit the countries of Europe, Mexico, and
elsewhere for the purpose of purchasing books and manuscripts re-
lating to the history of the Philippine Islands, making historical
researches into said history, procuring copies of official documents
relating thereto, with the view to the foundation in Manila of a
public historical library upon the subject of the Philippine
Islands."
For this appointment the Civil Governor selected Sehor Don Cle-
mente J. Zulueta, a Filipino eminently fitted for the work by educa-
tion and training. Senor Zulueta went at once to Spain where he is
now securing books and documents of historical and general value
as contemplated by the act creating his position. Arrangements
have been made for the custody and preservation of these papers
upon their arrival here, by the division having in charge the printed
publications and documents of the Commission. There will soon be
added to the files of printed documents several hundred selected
congressional publications recently received from Washington which
will be indexed and filed for reference. This division of the Execu-
tive Bureau has distributed during the past year 1,035,362 printed
copies of acts of the Commission, executive orders, and miscella-
neous publications of a related character. (See Appendix G.)
DISBURSING OFFICER.
The disbursing officer of the Bureau, Mr. Ii. A. Lampman, also
disburses for seven other Bureaus and the Secretaries of the four
Executive Departments, the Philippine Commission, the trustees of
the College of San Jose, and the Philippine Museum. He likewise
is one of the two officers disbursing the $3,000,000 Congressional
relief fund. The total amounts paid out by him during the period
covered by this report were $936,876.06, Mexican, and ^271,951.90,
Philippines currency. Few public servants have greater responsi-
bility resting upon them, and none discharges his duties more ably
and intelligently.


14
RECORDS DIVISION.
The mailing of correspondence, although nominally within the
jurisdiction of the mailing division, has been conducted, for the
sake of convenience, by the records division. Of such matter, which
includes only written communications, there have been dispatched
by messenger and post 53,717 separate papers during the year, an
increase of 73 per cent over the preceding year.
Provision has been made in the records division by the installa-
tion of substantial filing cases of improved pattern for the preser-
vation of the archives of the military government and this office
since its establishment. These records have been thoroughly in-
dexed and the typewritten indexes bound, thus making reference
to them easy and in every way satisfactory. In addition to the
work of indexing, recording, and mailing official correspondence
in the records division, much work is done in the compilation of
data required by the Civil Governor, the Executive Departments,
and the Commission, and its personnel is drawn upon continually
to fill temporary and permanent vacancies in the other divisions.
(Appendix EL) The work in this division is of such character,
covering as it does the entire field of this office and of the Executive
Departments as well, as to furnish an excellent opportunity for
the training of employees for the other divisions, the functions of
which are special. This has been particularly the case in respect
of Filipino employees, several of whom after a few months' service
in this division have been promoted elsewhere and have acquitted
themselves creditably.
BUREAU PERSONNEL.
Ever since the organization of the Executive Bureau strict adher-
ence to civil-service rules has been observed in the matter of
appointments and promotions, it being a fact meriting record that
five out of the seven chiefs of divisions in the Bureau came to the
Islands either as volunteers or as clerks at $1,200 per annum.
The other two came as translators at $1,800 per annum. All are
now receiving $2,250, with the exception of one who receives $2,500
per annum.
It has been the rule of this office during the past year to require
that all Filipino appointees possess the equivalent of a grammar-
school education, at least; a fair conversational knowledge of the
English language; ability to use the typewriting machine with


15
some facility; and certificate of having passed the second-grade
clerk examination or its equivalent as provided by the Civil Service
Board's schedule. Upon reaching a salary rating of $600 per
annum employees are required to pass the civil-service examinations
in the English language as one requisite for promotion. Under
this requirement one such employee has passed the first-grade ex-
amination ; two failed by a very small percentage and will doubtless
qualify on their next effort, and several have passed the second-
grade examination. As a rule the native employees attend public
night schools, and in the case of those who have little or no knowl-
edge of the English language it is obligatory that they attend
such schools.
Due to the increase of business incident to the development of
government, and to a degree to the merging of the office of the
Commission, the personnel of this Bureau has been more than
doubled numerically during the. past year. This increase has been
in great measure in the number of positions in the lower grades
and therefore does not indicate a correspondingly increased expense.
The. force of 61 employees, of whom 32 were Americans and
29 Filipinos, which was employed at the date of the last report, has
been gradually expanded until at this time there are on duty in
the Bureau 123 employees, of whom 46 are classed as Americans
and 77 as Filipinos, an increase of 44 per cent in the number of
Americans and 166 per cent in Filipinos.
Notwithstanding this marked increase in personnelmore than
100 per centit has been found wholly impracticable to dispatch
the current business during the regular office hours. A large number
of employees are required to work overtime, and some find it nec-
essary to observe uniform hours of from 7.30 a. m. to 6 p. m. daily,
with about a half-hour's intermission at midday. In order that a
definite idea might be had as to the extent of overtime required, a
record thereof has been kept. This shows an average of three
hundred and twenty-five days per month, or an actual shortage in
the office force of approximately twelve clerks, and does not in-
clude the overtime of officials, the number of whom has not been
increased since the organization of the Bureau. Two deaths and the
invaliding home of six employees during the year because of dis-
eases probably due to excessively long hours and close application
to work under existing climatic conditions indicate the necessity
for shorter office hours and doubtless an obligatory annual vacation.


16
REPORTS OF PROVINCIAL GOVERNORS.
The reports of the provincial governors are appended hereto,
marked "Appendix I."1 Covering, as they do, the period from
January 1, 1902, to January 1, 1903, they give no adequate idea
of the present conditions prevailing in the provinces, and therefore
I have not referred to them before in this report when treating of
the political subdivisions of the Islands. These reports, if they
are to be really such a faithful portrayal of existing conditions as
to furnish Congress and the authorities beyond seas that informa-
tion upon which remedial or any other action could be based, ought
to be brought down to a date not later than September 1 of each
year. Since these reports were written the locust plague has visited
a large number of the provinces with disastrous results to growing
crops. Happily, later telegraphic information has brought the
intelligence that the measures adopted under Act No. 817, herein-
before referred to, have been successful in many provinces in ex-
terminating the locusts, and the crop reports are much more en-
couraging than could have been expected under the circumstances.
Many causes for complaint mentioned in the reports of the pro-
vincial governors for last year have been removed; the uprising on
the Island of Camiguin off the coast of Misamis, in April and May
last, was promptly and effectually quelled, and the leaders and a
large number of their followers have received their just deserts.
The disturbed conditions in the Province of Albay are about to be
brought to an end, and an era of peace, far more extensive and pro-
found than has ever been known since American occupation, will
without doubt soon settle upon the Archipelago. The Civil Gov-
ernor in his report for last year, referring to this same subject,
suggested the wisdom of changing the time for submission of the
annual reports of the provincial governors from January to Sep-
tember, but no change in the law has been made as yet, although it
would seem that no good reason exists for longer delaying favorable
action upon the suggestion.
ROAD AND BRIDGE WORK IN PROVINCES.
Appendix J, hereto attached, gives telegraphic reports from
provinces received in response to a telegram from this office of Sep-
tember 28, 1903, requesting information as to the amount of work
done on roads and bridges in each province and the amount of
1 Omitted on account of early period covered by same.


17
"relief fund" rice paid therefor. Only such reports as were received
up to and including the date of this report are annexed.
change in bureau officials.
During the first half of the period covered by this report the
former Assistant Executive Secretary, Mr. Beekman Winthrop, was
acting chief of the Bureau owing to absence on leave of the Execu-
tive Secretary. Upon the return of the latter on March 25, 1903,
Mr. Winthrop went to the United States on a well-earned leave,
resigning his office on the expiration thereof, much to the regret of
the Government authorities and his official associates, who had
learned to appreciate his worth through daily contact with him.
- Mr. Frank W. Carpenter, then chief clerk of the Bureau, was
appointed Assistant Executive Secretary on September 1, 1903,
the promotion coming as a fitting reward to a most zealous, tireless,
and able official. Mr. Carpenter, with a residence-of nearly five
years in these Islands, occupying positions of trust calling for the
exercise of administrative skill of a high order and technical knowl-
edge of office work, brings to his new position a ripe experience and
good judgment which, added to his knowledge of the Spanish and
Tagalog languages, make of him an ideal official and a broad-
minded, tactful, and capable assistant,
conclusion.
The fact that the work of the Bureau has been kept up and dis-
patched with promptitude and thoroughness without addition to
the number of its officials, notwithstanding its continued and great
increase, is due to the untiring zeal and uncommon ability of the
chiefs of divisions and their immediate assistants who, under Mr.
Carpenter's training and initiative, have cheerfully met require-
ments much greater than are ordinarily incident to the duties of
such offices. The whole clerical force has shown so lively an inter-
est in the work and has so heartily and uncomplainingly responded
to the many calls for overtime duty that I would be ungrateful
indeed were I to fail to record here my deep appreciation of their
faithfulness and efficiency which have so signally lightened the
burden resting upon the Chief of the Bureau.
Very respectfully, A ^ FergussoNj
Executive Secretary.
The Honorable the Civil Governor.
14043-2




APPENDIXES.




APPENDIX A.
ANNUAL REPORT OP THE LAW CLERK OP THE
EXECUTIVE BUREAU.
The office of law clerk in the Bureau was created in January of
this year, duties of a legal nature having devolved upon the present
incumbent for some time prior to that date. The present duties
of the office are mainly as follows: (a) The supervision and prep-
aration for final action, with recommendations, of cases involving
charges against Government officials, being mainly cases against
municipal officers in the provinces and justices of the peace; (&)
the rendering of statements on questions of law at the direction
of the Civil Governor and the officers of the Bureau; (c) the
digesting of voluminous documents involving points of law; and
(d) the drafting of bills for the consideration of the Philippine
Commission.
A statistical statement of the volume of the work is not possible,
for the reason that the present duties of the office are partly admin-
istrative and partly legal in nature and have no well-defined or
fixed limits. In this general connection, however, the following
statistics may be of interest:
Statement of provincial officers removed from office or ivho resigned at
request or under charges from September 1, 1902, to September 1, 1903.
Fiscals ............................................................................................................................................................................3
Treasurers ............................................................................................................................................................4
Supervisors ........................................................................................................................................................3
Secretaries .............................................................................................................................................3
Others ............................................................................................................................................................................2
Total ............................................................................ 15
The total number of distinct cases against municipal officers
and justices of the peace, resulting in suspension from office or
an investigation by the provincial board, or both, for the twelve
months ending September 1, 1903, was 106, involving 144 officers,
76 of whom were dismissed. Of these 144- officers, 121 were munici-
pal officerschiefly presidentsand 23, justices of the peace. Of
21


22
the 135 officers suspended from office, 76 were removed, 12 repri-
manded or disciplined, and 47 reinstated. Of the 98 distinct cases
investigated by the provincial boards, the findings were approved
by this Bureau in 80 cases, modified in 9, and reversed in 9.
Perhaps the most noteworthy deductions to be drawn from the
above data are: (a) The large proportion of cases where a sus-
pended officer (the matter of suspension being almost entirely in
the hands of the provincial governor) is acquitted after full inves-
tigation, being about 35 per cent; and (b) the relatively large
proportion of cases against justices of the peace. The records show
that during the year 16 justices have been dismissed from office
and 2 reprimanded. When it is recalled that the technical knowl-
edge and legal training usually possessed by an evilly disposed
justice of the peace make it comparatively easy for him to escape
detection and conviction, the figures are sufficiently striking.
It should be noted that the above statistics represent only a
portion of the total number of papers preferring charges against
Government officials received in this Bureau. The natives of these
Islands, especially those of the half-blood, are by nature conten-
tious and fond of litigation; and a preliminary inquiry usually
shows the charges preferred to be groundless.
A comparison of the statistics of this year with those of the
fourteen months preceding shows an increase in the number of
removals of provincial officials, being 13 removals for fourteen
months, as against 15 for twelve months. In regard to municipal
officers and justices of the peace, the figures are approximately
the same.
As indicating the improvements which have been introduced
in the routine organization of this Bureau since the inauguration
of civil government, may be noted the fact that during the first
fourteen months of civil government the records show 54 cases
of suspended municipal officers (including justices of the peace)
with no record of either acquittal, reinstatement, or removal, indi-
cating that these cases were pigeon-holed or dropped without any
decisive action being taken, while the records for the past twelve
months show that in all cases involving charges against municipal
officers or justices of the peace some final or decisive settlement
of the case has been made.
Fred. F. Barker, Law Cleric.
October 16, 1903.


APPENDIX B.
REPORT ON EXTERMINATION OP LOCUSTS.
ABRA.
Bangued, Abra, October 1903.
The Civil Governor, Manila.
Sir: In compliance with your telegraphic order of the 26th of
September, I have the honor to make the following report on the
extermination of locusts in this province: On the 15th of August
your telegram approving the appointment of the three agricul-
turalist members of the locust board proposed was received here.
On the 19th of the same month the said board was organized and
immediately resolved that the aforesaid agriculturalist members
repair to the places invaded by the locusts to the end of studying
and proposing to the board the most efficient means of destroying
the plague, and also to the end of obtaining the data indispensable
for drafting regulations provided for by section 2 of Act No. 834.
At the same meeting it was resolved to ask the Civil Governor for
1,000 piculs of rice and 400 pieces of sheet iron for the needs of
the board, of which articles only the iron has been received until
the present date. At another meeting held on the 22d the board
approved the means of extirpation of the plague suggested by the
agriculturalist members. Copies of these resolutions have been
transmitted to the municipal presidents for compliance therewith.
In the successive meetings of the 4th^and 8th of September the
regulations for the destruction of the locusts were discussed and
approved, and a copy thereof furnished to each municipal president,
for the publication and execution thereof, another copy being sent
to the Executive Secretary for the printing of 250 copies thereof.
On the 23d, 27th, 28th, and 30th of August operations were car-
ried on against the hoppers under the direction and supervision of
the provincial governor and the agriculturalist members of the
board at the places denominatedPudoca, Calaba, and Cabuluan,
of Bangued; Ligtun, Paluccanna, and of Layun and Pudoc and
23


24
Suyo of Piddiganthe amount of hoppers destroyed in the opera-
tion being estimated at 120 quintals. On the 28th of August a
swarm of locusts which was passing over a rice field at the
rancheria of Peharrubia was frightened away under the direction
of agriculturalist member Maximo Blanco, and the damage caused
was very insignificant on account of this operation. On the 2d of
September more operations against this plague were carried on in
the barrios of Sappac and Paude (Bangued), under the direction
of the president thereof, and at the sitio of Maquinao of the
rancheria Daglas, under the direction of the agriculturalist mem-
ber Hugo Baile. On these occasions about 80 quintals of locusts
were caught. On the 7th of September the president of Dedmagada
reported the presence of locusts and hoppers in his municipality,
and I directed Agriculturalist Guillermo Blancaflor to supervise
the destruction of the plague, and three days later he reported that
the hoppers, in a quantity of 80 quintals, were destroyed, but that
it was possible to catch only 20 quintals of the locusts, as they flew
away in the direction of the Province of Ilocos Norte. On the
26th of September a swarm of locusts descended upon rice fields
around Bangued, and was frightened away under the direction of
the provincial governor and an agriculturalist' member of the board
without having been able to do damage to the crops. About 40
quintals of this swarm were caught, but the majority arose and
flew away toward the Bulagao Mountain, boundary line between
Abra and Ilocos.
Juan Villamor,
Provincial Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 340 quintals, equal
to 34,340 pounds.) *
ALB AY.
Albay, September SO, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Complying-with your telegram of 26th, the locusts appeared in
this province in the early part of this month, but did but very
little damage. The locust fungus was at once used, with apparently
very excellent results. The swarm of locusts was practically
exterminated in five days. It was found, however, that the few


25
days they were in the province they deposited a great many eggs,
which since hatched. Of these small locusts about three hundred
bags were gathered and destroyed. The heavy rains during the
past few days have apparently exterminated the remainder. This
work accomplished at practically no expense.
Betts, Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 20,000 pounds.)
AMBOS CAMAEINES.
Nueva Caceres, October 1, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
The locust board held its first meeting on the 6th of August
and adopted regulations which were submitted to the Civil Gov-
ernor for approval, but the first section of said regulations was
amended in view of the telegram of the 21st of August. The
additional members have not been able to attend the meetings
of the board regularly, as they.are living in pueblos distant from
this capital, but they have distinguished themselves by their work,
traveling through and visiting the different municipalities of their
districts, and explaining to the residents thereof the advisability
that all should work in the destruction of the locusts, showing
them the most practical manner of catching the same. The mu-
nicipal presidents have in compliance with their duty kept the
Government informed of all the work done by residents and
of the number of sacks of locusts caught, which amount to 1,264
sacks, and the approximate weight of which is 75,840 pounds. It
is, however, impossible to calculate the quantity of locusts killed
which were not gathered up but burned in the ditches. The
entire territory of this province is infested with locusts, and the
presidents state in their letters that notwithstanding the great
efforts made by the people for the purpose of destroying them,
digging ditches without remuneration of any kind, all of the
plantations of maize, camotes, paddy, sugar cane, and garden
truck have been destroyed. The ditches dug by the people of
the pueblos were not sufficient for the destruction of the small
locusts, on account of their large number. When they did not
find anything left to destroy in the fields they invaded the streets
of the pueblos and entered the houses, to t the extent that they


26
did not leave the people rest by day or by night. The inhabitants
of the pueblos of Pili, Nueva Caceres, Ninalabag, Nubua, and others
had cultivated a considerable number of hectares of rice land and
hoped to obtain a good harvest, but all they had planted was
destroyed by the locusts. However, a good crop of maize was
harvested in Baao and Nubua, and the inhabitants are now sell-
ing the shelled maize at 1 peso, Mexican, per sack. The rains
commenced in this section on the 19th of September, and since
then it has been noticed that the locusts have gradually disap-
peared. It is hoped that the hoppers which still remain will be
destroyed by the continuous rains. The governor has-issued neither
rice nor money for the work of the extermination of locusts. A
circular letter has been addressed to the presidents, enjoining them
to recommend to the people the necessity of again planting rice,
maize, camotes, and garden truck, and reminding them of the
provisions of Act Ho. 517, relative to the prevention of famine.
Pimental, Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 75,840 pounds.)
ANTIQUE.
San Jose, October 2, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Locust board was convened August 20 and on August 22 rules
for extermination of locusts were adopted. During the last fifteen
days of September nearly ever}'' town in the province was invaded
and a total of 459 cavanes, 10 gantas, and 6 chupas were caught,
as follows:
San Jose, 7 cavanes, 22 gantas; San Pedro, 18 cavanes, 17 gan-
tas, 6'chupas; Bugason, 300 cavanes; Guisigan, 132 cavanes, 18
gantas; Tibiao, 3 gantas.
Reports from other towns have not yet been- received, but I
believe that larger amounts were caught during the last days of
September. Report of crops having been destroyed not yet re-
ceived except Guisigan, where the crops were destroyed. Governor
Fullon was directed to get this information while on tour of
inspection throughout the province.
Salazar, Acting Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 61,929 pounds.)


27
BATAAN.
Balanga, Bataan, October 1, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
In compliance with yonr telegram of September 25, 1903, I
have the honor to state that the locust board of this province
was organized on August 20, 1903. As there were no locusts
throughout the province as reported by presidents, no work has
been done since the organization of the board.
Zialiti,
Secretary and Acting Governor.
BATANGAS.
Batangas, P. I., October 1, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
In reply to your telegram of September 25, a detailed report
will be rendered in a few days. The reports from twenty munici-
palities in which destruction work of locusts is being carried for-
ward have not come, all having been asked for by telegrams.
Luz, Governor.
BENGUET.
Baguio, Benguet, September 30, 1903.
Hon A. W. Fergusson,
Executive Secretary, Manila, P. I.
Sir: I have the honor to report, in compliance with your tele-
gram 25th instant, that there has been no work accomplished or
demanded from the locust board as yet. The facts are, it would
be exceedingly difficult for the most enthusiastic sportsman to find
one of these little birds, called locusts, in my province. The cold
rains since the 1st of July have effectually rid us of this pest.
Yours, very respectfully,
William F. Pack,
Provincial Governor.


28.
BOHOL.
Tagbilaran, October 1, 1903.
Civil Governor, Manila:
The locust board in my province was established on August 24,
composed of the members of the provincial board and three agri-
culturalists. Once established, the first task of said locust board
was to draw up regulations for its guidance, and a copy was given
to all members and each one of the municipal presidents for their
information and due observance by virtue of said regulations. The
Province of Bohol is divided into four inspection districts, namely,
south district, north, interior, and west districts. The first three
districts are in charge of the three agricultural members, in the
following form: South district, which is composed of the pueblos
of Auburquerque, Loylila, Dimiao, Palancia, Garcia, Hermiandez,
Jagna, Duero, Guindulman, and Anad Candijay, is under the
inspection of Senor Pedro Samson; north district, which is com-
posed of the pueblos of Maribojoc, Loon, Calape, Tubigon, Ynag-
gunigana, Getafe, Talibon, Ipil, and TIbay, is under the inspection
of Senor Sevador Rodriguez; interior district, which is composed
of the pueblos of Carman, Batavan, Sierra Bullones, Calbigailin,
Bilar, Antique, Balilijansevilla, and Loboc, is under the inspection
of Senor Pedro Maceren; fourth district, composed of Tagbilaran,
Davao, Panglao, Bacolian, Corella, and Cortes, is under the inspec-
tion of the provincial board. From August 24 to October 1, 1903,
the plague of locusts has not given signs of life in the province.
The letters that I have received periodically from the three agricul-
tural members in their districts state there are no flying locusts
nor jumping locusts in the pueblos of their respective districts
to date. There has been no rice requisitioned for distribution to
the poor, nor zinc sheets. The board believing it necessary, a copy
of the above regulations will be furnished you by mail.
Clarin, Goveimor.
BULACAN.
Malolos, Bulacan, October 1, 1903.
The Executive Secretary, Manila, P. I.:
Replying to your wire of September 26, requesting report of
work done by locust board, as follows:
Regulation made: Local committees of locust organized; prov-


29
ince divided into three zones, and three members appointed
inspectors.' Inspectors constantly inspecting towns within their
zone. From organization of board and local committees locusts
and loctones killed in different towns as follows:
Municipalities.
Locusts.
Angat_________
Baliuag_______
Barasoain_____
Bigaa__________
Bocaue________
Bulacan_______
Bustos_________
Marilao_______
Meycauayan _.
Malolos________
Norzagaray____
Polo___________
Quingua_______
San Rafael____
San Ildefonso .
San Miguel____
San Jos6______
Santa Maria
Santa Isabel
Calumpit______
Total.
Cavanes.
73
1,530
108
297~
621
483
20
~~~159~
371
79
829
145
161
14
6,348
Rice sent for starving people:
Piculs.
Baliuag__________________________________________________________________________________________________15
Norzagaray______________________________________________________________________________________15
Marilao______________________________________________________________________________10
San Rafael__________________________________________________________________________15
San Ildefonso____________________________________________________________________________________25
Angat________________________________________________________________________________________________________25
Total____________________________________________ 105
Every effort is taken for complete destruction of loctones now
in the province.
Pablo Tecson, Governor of Bulacan.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 1,476,475 pounds.)
OAGAYAN.
Tuguegarao, October 1, 1903.
The Civil Governor, Manila:
The locust board having been organized in accordance with Act
817, it unanimously adopted methods which were used in all the
pueblos of the province invaded by the locusts and hoppers. Screens
6 feet long and 3 feet wide and covered with cloth were prepared,


30
and several of these contrivances, each supported by one person,
were placed at the edge of a ditch, dug 3 or 4 feet deep and 20 or
more meters long. The area infested was then surrounded on all
sides by several persons provided with branches, sticks, and brooms,
with which they chased the hoppers toward the ditch and the
screens. When the screens were full of hoppers, who had saved
themselves from the ditch, they were shaken and the hoppers
caused to fall into the ditch, which was immediately covered with
earth. For locusts in the flying stage netting or cloth was made
into an open sack stretched on a bamboo hoop, fastened to a stick.
These were used where swarms of locusts had presented themselves.
This work was performed in all the pueblos of the province on the
9th and 10th of September. It is estimated that the following
amounts of locusts and hoppers have been caught: In Tuguegarao,
352 cavanes; Enrile, 42; Solana, 78; Piat, 11; Amulung, 75;
Iguig, 30; Pehablanca, 138; and none in Lallao and Aparri, as
no locusts have appeared in said pueblos. At its session of the
28th of September the board resolved that the work of exterminat-
ing the locusts be repeated in all the pueblos, designating the 15th
and 16th of this month, without prejudice to carrying on this work,
sooner in the pueblos, barrios, and sitios where clouds of locusts
may appear.
GtONZaga, Provincial Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 99,825 pounds.)
CAPIZ.
Capiz, October 13 1903.
Taft, Civil Governor:
The following work has been done since the organization of
the locust board of this province:
Municipality.
Amount
de-
stroyed.
Description.
Rice
used.
Panay _____
Loctugan _
Panitan____
Dao________
Mambusao
Navas______
Calivo_____
Ibajay-----
Capiz_____
Sigma______
Cavanes.
11\
6
387
57
fiO
219
50
140
34
199
Locusts, hoppers, and eggs_________________
Locusts_____________________________________
Locusts of all classes________________________
Locusts and hoppers, large and small______
Locusts of all classes________________________
_____do______________________________________
Locusts and hoppers__________________-______
_____do______________________________________
Hoppers____________________________________
Small and large hoppers and a few locusts.
Piculs.
10
2
43
10
8
15
5
10
4
23


31
In all these municipalities there is a large quantity of hoppers,
especially in Panitan, Dao, Sigma, Ibajay, and Navas, and their
extermination is actively continued. Information in regard to the
result of the work in the municipalities of Pontevedra, Jamindan,
Dumarao, Numancia, Macato, Tangalan, and Buruanga, where
there are locusts, is expected and will be telegraphed immediately.
Jugo Vidal, Provincial Governor.
Capiz, October 2, 1903.
Taft, Civil Governor, Manila:
Amplifying my telegram of yesterday, according to reports re-
ceived from member Soler, of Alcan, Calivo has been completely
cleaned from locusts, 90 more cavanes of locusts having been
destroyed:
Municipality. Amount de- stroyed. De- stroyed until
Numancia_____ ___ _______________ Cavanes. 80 70 1140 80 60 210 170 190 150 50 10 15 Sept. 6 Sept. 6 Sept. 7 Sept. 7 Sept. 10 Sept. 16 Sept. 21 Sept. 24 Sept. 18 Sept. 27 Sept. 28 Sept. 29
Lezo______ ___ _____ ________ ____
Malinao______ _______________ ________ ___ ..
Banga_______ __ __ ____ ______________
Madalag_ ___ ___________________ ____ ___ ______ _____
Ibajay___ __ ____________ _____
Tangalan________ __ _____ _________ ________ ________
Macatao__ __ ____ ___ ___ _____________ ___________________
Buruanga_______ ___ _______________
Baleta______ _____________ _________
Jimo_____ __ _________________ _
Batan ___ _______________ _______ _______

1 In addition to the 60. 2 Besides 140, telegram of yesterday.
Total number of cavanes of locusts destroyed until date in entire
province amounts to 2,704^.
Jugo Vidal, Governor.
(Total number of locusts and hoppers killed, 371,868 pounds.)
CAVITE.
Cavite, October 1, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
The province was divided into three districts, each under charge
of one of the agricultural members of the locust board. Their
work since August 14 has averaged about four days per week
superintending the work. A consideration of their reports shows
a total of 4,971 cavanes of locusts and loctones destroyed. Crops


32
have been damaged to a considerable extent. The number of locusts
has been largely diminished by the efforts made against th£m.
Crops have been damaged to a considerable extent. The number
of locusts has been largely diminished by the efforts made against
them. Quantity of rice used in payment of 1,000 piculs.
Shanks, Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 4,971 cavanes,
equal to 683,506 pounds.)
CEBU.
Cebu, P. I., October 1, 1903.
The Hon. Wm. Taft,
Civil Governor, Manila:
In compliance with the telegram which the Executive Secretary
has addressed to me I have the honor to report as follows: Since
over a month I have not learned of the presence of locusts in the
pueblos of this province, not having received a communication re-
porting this from any of the municipalities. I have, however,
received private information that hoppers had been seen in the
mountains of Toledo, and have immediately written to the president
of that municipality, giving him instructions for the extermination
of those hoppers when they come down to the plains or suitable
places, because at the places where they are now it is' impossible to
destroy them by any of the systems known on account of the thick-
ness of the underbrush. Prior to the time aforementioned I have
only received communications in regard to locusts from the munici-
pality of Poro, on the Camotes Islands, and from the municipality
of Segod, the former reporting that an immense swarm had in-
vaded the pueblo and destroyed the majority of maize planted, the
latter reporting that another swarm had passed, but had not
caused destruction of any importance to the plantations. Several
municipalities inform me that the maize harvest has commenced,
and the general condition of the crops is good, with the exception
of about eight pueblos of the south, where the crop is not abundant.
For this reason the price of that grain has gone down. In view
of the present crops the critical situation of this province has
considerably improved. The board has not yet completed the
work of drafting the regulations for the extermination of the
locusts, which has been turned over to the members appointed and


33
is to be submitted for discussion afterwards. The work has been
delayed during the twenty days that I was ill. The board asks for
2,000 sheets of zinc.
Climaco, Governor.
ILOCOS NORTE.
Laoag, Ilocos Norte, October 1, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Provincial locnst board was organized on the 18th of August,
and by virtue of its resolutions the regulations prescribed by Act
No. 815 were drafted and adopted and copies remitted to all the
municipal presidents. The most appropriate and cheapest imple-
ments for the destruction of locusts and hoppers were ordered to
be made; instead of sheet iron, 1,000 picnls of rice were requested
for issue to workmen who lack food. There were hoppers in sev-
eral municipalities, and then they appeared also in the others, with
the exception of San Miguel, invading and destroying seeding plots
of rice and plantations, especially of maize. The province was
divided into zones, which are under the three agriculturist mem-
bers. The invasions of the barrios by the locusts become less fre-
quent now, the greatest damage caused by them consisting in the
destruction of the early rice planted in the mountains or on high
land. From the organization of the board until the 30th of Sep-
tember 4,954 cavanes of these insects were destroyed according to
the data received so far, and the damage caused by them during
the said period is estimated at 7,440 (?) pesos. I am still ex-
pecting data from several municipalities and shall complete this
report as soon as possible.
. Julio Agacoilli,
Provincial Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 681,175 pounds.)
ILOCOS SUR.
Vigan, P. I., October 1, 1903,
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Replying to your telegram of September 25, the following is
compiled report from presidents of sixteen municipalities covering
14043-3


34
period August 10 to September 30: Six hundred and forty-six
cavanes of large locusts and 2,812 cavanes of small locusts de-
stroyed; total number of pounds, 547,312. Reports of five munici-
palities not yet received. Plague has diminished considerably.
Crisologo, Governor.
ILOILO.
Iloilo, P. I., October 1, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila :
After being organized the locust board drafted regulations which
have been distributed to the pueblos, committees having been or-
ganized in each pueblo. At present the number of pueblos whose
barrios have been invaded by the locusts is relatively small, and
they have been invaded in a manner not alarming. We have
received a report from the pueblos in regard to the destruction
caused by those insects and the quantities of locusts and hoppers
destroyed. The pueblos are actively working for the purpose of
destroying the locusts. The rice and sheet zinc have been received
here only a few days ago, it has not been possible to distribute same
to the pueblos, but the board proposes to do this as soon as possible.
With these means the board believes it will be able to comply with
its mission as well as possible.
Delgado, Governor.
ISABELA.
Ilagan, P. I., October 6, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Respectfully replying to your telegram received to-day, on the
1st of the present month I have had the honor to address to you
the following telegram:
Ilagan, October 1, 1903.
Pursuant to the directions contained in your telegram of the 25th of
September last, I have the honor to inform you that since the organiza-
tion of the provincial locust board on the 15th of August and until date
109 cavanes of locusts, which until now have been very scarce, were exter-
minated, as follows: At Cordon, 40; Mercedes, 50; Cauayan, 18; and
Gamu, 1according to data furnished by member Generoso Cagayan, who
went to said pueblos on the 25th of August and returned on the 4th of
September.
I respectfully inform you that on account of the continuous rains the
locusts are disappearing in this province, as reported by the presidents.


35
I have sent'you a telegram in regard to the proceedings of board
on account of reappearance of hoppers in several pueblos of the
province.
Dichoso, Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 109 cavanes, equal
to 14,988 pounds.)
LA LAGUNA.
Santa Cruz, October 1, 1903.
The Executive Secretary, Manila:
The locust board was organized on August 8 last, and has drafted
resolutions in accordance with Act 817 and communicated the
same to the municipal presidents. TJie province is divided into
three districts, the first being in charge of member Juan Osdeveza,
the second of Jose de Leon, and the third of Gregorio Elbo, who
superintend the work for the extermination of the locusts in the
pueblos of their respective districts.
The following amount of locusts were caught and buried:
Cavanes.
Tunasan ........................................................................................................................................................................173
Calamba ....................................................................................................................................................................40
Pagsanjan ................................................................................................................................................................276
Siniloan ........................................................................................................................................................................115
Majayjay ..................................................................................................34
Bay ....................................................................................................................................100
Mavitac .........................'.....................................................................................................................141
Lilio .............................................................................................................................8
Santa Rosa,....................................................................................8
Santa Cruz............................................................................................................................................................501
Cabuyao ........................................................................................................................................................................275
San Antonio..............................................................................................................................................81
Rizal ................................................................................................................................................................................25
Longos ............................................................................................................................................................................13
Lumban ........................................................................................................................................................................381
Lusiana ...............................................................^........................................187
Total ...,........................................................................ 2,358
At a meeting of the 28th of September it was resolved to send
of the 320 piculs of rice shipped to the supervisor of the province,
30 cavanes to Pagsanjan and 20 cavanes each to Calamba, Bay,


36
Binan, San Antonio, Cavinti, Majayjay, Santa Cruz, Lnmban,
Tnnasan, Siniloan, Nagcarlan, Longos, Paete, and Cabnyao. Work
continues.
Juan Cailles, Provincial Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 311,163 pounds.)
LA UNION.
San Fernando, P. I., October 1, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Report of the locust board: First, 136 barrios of the 15 pueblos
of the province have been invaded by the locusts; second, locusts
destroyed until September 30, 11,569 cavanes; third, 164 piculs of
rice distributed for wages; fourth, statements of crops destroyed
the loss of mountain rice is estimated at 75 per cent and the loss
of rice in the plains at 20 per cent, in proportion to the production
of the barrios invaded; fifth, amount of locusts not destroyed, about
3,200 cavanes; sixth, it is estimated that it will take a month to
destroy them. I am informed that there are many hoppers in
Benguet. If these are not destroyed, it is probable that soon they
will grow to be locusts and do damage to crops. The general out-
look for crops in La Union is good, if the locusts do not reappear
and the weather is favorable. The amount of rice necessary has
not been distributed on account of difficulty of transportation, but
it is expected in accordance with the list of daily wages prepared
by the municipalities. The said rice has already been remitted to
the pueblos.
Ortega, Provincial Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 11,569 cavanes,
equal to 1,590,737 pounds.)
LEPANTO-BONTOC.
Cervantes, P. I., October 1, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
In compliance with your telegram September 25, there has been
received at Cervantes 6^ tons of locusts for which rice is being
issued at the rate of 1 picul of rice for 500 pounds of locusts.
Inclusive dates are September 11 to 13. Reports from president
of Angqui indicate that 17 tons of locusts have been killed in that


37
district since the passing of regulations by locust board on Septem-
ber 10, but believe his figures are not accurate, although it is
true that his district has been the center of plague and that active
extermination has been going on constantly for three weeks. Only
three districts complain of any trouble from locusts. The rest of
the province up to date seems fairly free from their presence, crops
being only slightly injured. Locusts have grown to flying stage.
It has required some labor on the part of inhabitants to scare them
away from rice fields. People are now catching them in nets.
Dinwiddie, Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 46,500 pounds.)
LEYTE.
Tacloban, P. I., October I, 1903.
Fergusson, Manila:
Tanauan, Dagami, Paitriana, Palo, and Tabontabon and their
jurisdictions have been' affected with locusts. Tanauan has de-
stroyed 1,070 sacks of locusts, Palo 1,036, Dagami, 1,308. Tabon-
tabon and Pastrana have no record of amount, but people have
destroyed all locusts in their station. In other parts of the prov-
ince where locusts have appeared but have been destroyed are
Inopacan, Cabalian, and Mertida. Senor Esperas has made an
inspection and overseen the work on this coast with Senors Flori-
delis and Dangangan on the west and east coasts of Leyte. Islands
of Panauan and Deleran have no locusts. In jurisdiction of Da-
gami locusts are used for food. The means mostly used for destroy-
ing locusts are a pit made with a trench of banana leaves placed
above. The locusts are then driven against the trench. As the
locusts fall into the pit they are covered with dirt. They are in
size from one-half to 2-J inches in length, black in color when small
but turn dark red when large. The locusts in this province, with
the exception of Inopacan and partly in Palo, have done no harm
to crops. In the places visited by locusts the farmers are keeping
on with the planting of palay, corn, etc. The activity in this
regard is very evident; merchants complain that this year only
one-half the rice is sold compared with previous years, notwith-
standing the reduced prices., Considerable increase in planting has
taken place in nearly all parts of the province, and large centers


38
like Dagami, Baruen, and Hilongas have produced this year more
corn than used for their own population. Fruit-producing plants,
such as bananas, etc., are greatly increased from a year ago, a
bunch of bananas which sold then for 50 cents now selling for 10
cents. No free rice and no money have been used in the destruc-
tion of locusts. The people are busy planting their crops, and with
the exception of Palo there has been no trouble with the municipal
authorities or the people to move them against the common enemy.
To-day Tanauan has destroyed 197 sacks of locusts in the barrios
affected.
Borseth, Acting Governor.
(Total number of locusts and hoppers killed, 3,611 sacks, equal
to 72,220 pounds.)
MASBATE.
Masbate, October 1, 1903.
Civil Governor, Manila:
Referring to the labors of the locust board: This was organized
August 22 and the making of the regulations August 29. On
September 30 I directed a circular to the municipalities urging
upon the presidents the due fulfillment of the law and regulations.
For some days past hoppers or "loctones" have appeared in some
of the municipalities, but they were as small as flies. The work
of their extermination is now beginning and 1 shall wire you
later the quantity destroyed. There is no lack of galvanized iron,
for the leaves of "badiang" and bananas can be used very well
instead.
Serrano, Provincial Governor.
MINDORO.
Calapan, P. I., October 1, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Eight thousand six hundred and fifteen pounds and 40 cavanes
of locusts destroyed. No reports from Sablayan, Mangarin, Bula-
lacao, Mansalay, and Bongabon.
Offley, Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 14,115 pounds.)


39
MISAMIS.
Cagayan, September 29, 1903.
The Civil Governor, Manila:
My report relative to extermination of locusts is as follows:
Cavanes.
Cagayan ............................................................................................................................................................................310
Agusan ................................................................................................................................................................................31
Tagaloan ............................................................................................................................................................................36
Santa Ana........................................................................................................................................................................4
Jasaan ....................................................................................................................................................................................17
Balingasag ....................................................................................................................................................................10
Lagonlong ..........................................................................................14
Iponan ..........................................................................................................................................180
Opol ..................................................................................................................................................................75
El Salvador............................................................................................................50
Alubijid ............................................................................................................................................................................8
Total ................................................................................................................................................................735
Equivalent to 101,062^ pounds of locusts exterminated. In this
work 52 piculs of rice, which I obtained on credit from merchants,
was used. When the 500 piculs of Government rice arrived the
locusts had disappeared. At the present time the only locusts are
those recently hatched at Tagoloan. It is possible that others may
appear later on in other pueblos. Have issued orders to continue
work of extermination.
Corrales, Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 101,062^ pounds.)
REGEOS OCCIDENTAL.
Bacolod, October 1, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
From the 24th of August until to-day, besides meetings of the
provincial board for the same purpose, the locust board has held
four meetings in Bacolod to the end of studying and adopting
regulations, acting upon the petition of this municipality, and tak-
ing measures to secure activity in the extermination of hoppers.
Vice-presidents and councilors appointed inspectors of their re-
spective districts have gone out to supervise work of extermination,
receive locusts and hoppers caught, and certify to bills of workmen.
Local locust committees have been organized, composed of the
municipal president, treasurer, and secretary, to cause regulations


40
to be complied with, facilitate work, render accounts to locust
board, and take measures and act upon cases not provided for by
regulation's until the locust board shall give its final decision. For
direct supervision of work in this province the same has been
divided into three sections, that of the north, center, and south,
one of the agriculturalist members of the locust board taking
charge of each. Member MontillaAs visiting the pueblos of the
south, inspecting the work; member Gardalzos is inspecting the
pueblos of the center; and member Tecson has already visited
several pueblos of his section and will in eight days undertake
his voyage to the pueblos of the extreme north. According to
reports received in this office from members of the locust board,
presidents, and private citizens, the work of extermination has
been carried on since the month of August, when the locusts first
appeared, but some planters had worked in a negligent manner,
being satisfied with forcing the hoppers into the adjacent fields,
but generally they have worked. The regulations have stopped
the proceedings of a few negligent planters, and the work has been
actively promoted. The workmen all take part in the work of
extermination, in which they find subsistence. On account of the
increased work and the general high prices the provincial board
has found that more sheet iron and rice are urgently needed, and
has found it necessary to expend rice for road work for issue to
workmen engaged in extermination of locusts, it being absolutely
impossible to wait for shipment of rice. It is impossible to give
exact and complete data as to-day's news has not yet been received
from several pueblos, but in view of official data and references
the quantity of locusts can be estimated at 50,400 cavanes. Of this
amount 21,000 cavanes were caught since the 1st and until the
30th of September, under the direction and regulations of the
locust board.
Locsin, Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 50,400 cavanes,
equal to 6,930,000 pounds.)
NEGROS ORIENTAL.
Dumaguete, October 1, 1903.
Taet, 'Governor, Manila:
In compliance with telegram of 25th of September last, I report
as follows: Provincial locust board held first session August 10


41
with attendance of every agricultural member, except Mr. Rotea,
of Bais, on account of sickness. Following resolutions were ap-
proved on application by supervisor-treasurer of 4,000 piculs of
rice and 500 galvanized iron sheets for extermination of locusts.
Second, to recommend the towns to proceed vigorously to the killing
of locusts in the same way as was done pursuant to former direc-
tions, meanwhile a copy of Act No. 817 and the iron sheets ordered
were received here. In session of August 24 the board resolved
the following: First, immediately enforce the above act in the
province with penalties prescribed therein, recommending the presi-
dents not to compel persons who are too poor and those who have to
work to earn their daily food; second, to exempt officials and
employees of the provincial government from the destruction of
locusts;, wfyich resolutions were communicated to the presidents
of all municipalities in a circular from this office that same day.
In session of August 29 I submitted to the board the regulations
for the destruction of the locusts, as follows:
First. To consult the local locust boards consisting of the presi-
dent, vice-president, ancT councilors, being jointly responsible for
the compliance of the act and the instructions of the provincial
board in accordance with said act.
Second. To divide each municipal jurisdiction into four sections
for the destruction of locusts, the councilors of the barrios comprised
by section being in charge of the direction in the extermination of
the plague.
Third. Duties of councilors to report daily to the president
the work and amount of dead locusts and also the persons delin-
quent in compliance with the law.
Fourth. To go with the people of their barrios to the immediate
section when excessively inhabited by the plague.
Fifth. Every person required by the law to kill locusts shall
provide himself with a sack or "salibut" for the destruction of
the grown locusts on passing his section.
Sixth. Impressing on the councilors penalty prescribed in sec-
tion 5, Act 817, for not complying with these regulations.
Seventh. To require municipal presidents to report to provin-
cial board every three days of the work accomplished in the de-
struction of the plague, also the amount of fines collected.
Eighth. To recommend to local board that in the administration


42
of rice assigned for the poor people to adhere strictly to the
instructions received from the supervisor-treasurer. These reso-
lutions were approved by the board in session on the 31st of
August. The board approved the instructions presented by the
supervisor-treasurer for the local boards in the distribution and
administration of the rice assignment, the pounds of rice daily
for each person working one whole day. The amount of dead
locusts so far as follows:
Municipality.
Locusts.
Bacon_______
Siblas_____
Ayquien_____
Amblan_____
Tan jay-----
Baia_________
Jimallud ___
Guijulugan.
Maria______
Total-
Cavanes. Cavanes.
52 _
26 _
14
From the other towns no communication has been received
about the locusts. The crop of corn which was commenced to
be harvested in the last days of August has caused the rice to
be not very much needed in the majority of the towns, and only
50 sacks have been sent to Guijulugan and 10 to Maria. The
heavy rains which poured in here during September have con-
tributed a great deal in the destruction of the locust plague; in
the midst of said month it had disappeared almost entirely, re-
appearing in those days in intense clouds of locusts from the
Island of Cebu, causing very little damage in the cornfields pene-
trating the thickness of the plague in the interior of the moun-
tains, where it is presumed they have laid eggs, the balance, which
passed through the towns of Sibulan, Dumaguete, and Bacong,
being destroyed in the last five days of September. The new
planting of corn appears to be good and abundant, and the general
aspect of agriculture is high in favor.
Larena, Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 2,086 cavanes,
equal to 286,825 pounds.)


43
NUEVA ECIJA.
San Isidro, October 1, 1903.
Taft, Civil Governor, Manila:
Locust board was organized August 8, 1903, and regulations
drafted and remitted to municipalities for compliance on the same
date, although no locusts had at that time appeared at any pueblo.
On September 14 the board met and resolved to regulate distri-
bution of rice to people engaged in catching locusts and larvae.
Five hundred and thirty-six piculs of rice and 240 pieces of gal-
vanized iron were distributed to municipalities. From August
27 to September 30, 1,296 cavanes and 15 gantas of larvae and
741 cavanes and 12 gantas of locusts have been caught, according
to reports of presidents of Cuyapo, Gapan, Paharanda, San Leo-
nardo, Jaen, Cabiao, San Isidro, Santa Rosa, and San Antonio.
Rice distributed has not yet been accounted for by the presidents.
Copy of acts by mail.
Roque, Acting Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 2,038 cavanes,
equal to 282,225 pounds.)
NUEVA VIZCAYA.
Bayombong, September 30, 1903.
Taft, Civil Governor, Manila:
Provincial locust board was organized August 22. Between
that date and September 7 nothing of importance was done, as
there were no locusts reported in province. Locusts appeared on
September 7. in townships of Bayombong, Solano, and Bagabag,
and active operations against them began at once. The natives
obeyed the law and turned out in large numbers. Some 80 or
90 cavanes of locusts were destroyed up to September 24, when
they disappeared after having deposited eggs. In various places
work is now confined to destroying eggs and young locusts as
they hatch. It was difficult to kill the locusts because they did
not come in dense droves as usual, but were scattered.
Bennett, Governor.
Bayombong, October 2, 1903.
Taft, Civil Governor, Manila.
Supplementary to my report on locusts September 30, locusts
destroyed some corn, sugar cane, and garden truck. They attacked


44
some of the newly planted rice fields but did little damage, as
natives flooded fields with water, and locusts were only able to
eat tops of new rice down to water's edge. This does not injure
crop when rice is still young.
Bennett, Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 11,688 pounds.)
PAMPANGA.
Bacolor, October 1, 1903.
The Civil Governor, Manila:
Locusts have been killed under direction of locust board for
the period ending September 30; weight, in pounds, as follows:
Pounds.
Apalit ....................................................................................................................................................................33,625
Arayat ......,......................................................................................................................................................3,700
Bacolor ................................................................................................................................................................1,250
Candaba ................................................................................................................................................................72,500
Lubao ............................................................................................................................................2,500
Macabebe ....................................................................................................250
Magalang ...................................................................................29,450
Mexico ......................................................................................................67,575
Minalin .........;............................................................................................................................................4,075
Porac .......................................................................................................................................................5,000
San Fernando............................................................................................................................................50,000
San Luis........................................................,..............................................86,400
San Simon........................................................................................................................................................52,925
Santa Ana....................................................................................................................................10,800
Santo Tomas................................................................................................................................................9,000
Total ........................................................................ 429,050
Joven, Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 429,050 pounds.)
PANGASINAN.
Lingayen, October 1, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
In compliance with your telegram of the 25th of September I
would state that the board for the extermination of the locusts
was organized on the 14th day of August and the province was


45
divided into three districts, to each of which an agriculturalist
member was assigned to the end of directing and inspecting the
work. Suitable regulations were adopted for the execution of
Act 817 and Act 834, amendatory thereto. The three agricultural-
ist members continually travel through the pueblos where hoppers
appear. These are caught and exterminated by means of ditches,
which give very good results. It had been tried once to use' sheet
iron, and it has been seen that it was not necessary. Hoppers
have appeared in 24 of the 37 pueblos of the province. From the
date of the organization of the board until the 30th of September
1,189 cavanes of hoppers have been exterminated. No lists of the
work performed by poor people who should receive rice, none of
which has been expended as yet, have been received so far. The
people work with pleasure in the extermination of the hoppers,
and no fine has been imposed as yet. The destruction caused by
the hoppers is of no importance; it amounts to little in the rice
crop, and the rice is recovering, the leaves eaten by the locusts hav-
ing grown again. The loss of sugar cane is estimated at 50 per
cent. The general aspect of the rice crop is satisfactory at present.
/
Favila, Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 1,189 cavanes,
equal to 163,487 pounds.)
PAEAGUA.
Cuyo, October 1, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
The locust board has had nothing to do in the Province of Para-
gua except to be on the lookout for the coming of locusts. Early in
August several small swarms of locusts were blown from Panay or
Mindoro during a northeast wind to the Cuyos and Calamianes
groups. In each case the natives turned out and kept them mov-
ing until they were driven either into the mountains or the sea.
Very little damage was done by the locusts. The strong monsoon
winds prevented them from returning after once being driven away.
The rice crop has suffered more from the rain this season being
late in coming than from the locusts.
Miller, Governor.


46
RIZAL.
Pasig, September 30, 1903.
The Civil Governor, Manila:
Sir : In compliance with your orders I have the honor to inform
you that the paddy and sugar-cane crops in the pueblos of Pasig,
Mariquina, San Mateo, Montalbon, Cainta, Taytay, Antipolo, Boso-
boso, and Teresa are at present in a very good condition, but there
is danger that the locusts will return and destroy them, as has
happened before.
In Bosoboso and Teresa there is at present a plentiful supply
of corn, camotes, gabes, ubes, mangos, and other eatable tubers on
hand, and it may be affirmed without exaggeration that the pro-
duction will exceed the consumption.
The locusts have again appeared in the pueblos of Taguig, San
Mateo, Montalbon, Tanay, Jalajala, and Pasig in this province,
coming from Cavite and Laguna de Bay. The residents of the
aforesaid pueblos have so far destroyed 4,354^ cavanes of hoppers
in the stage known as "moscones," and a like amount of flyiug
locusts and their larvae, which was also destroyed and burnt.
During my frequent excursions into the country the residents
assured me that they had seen in the woods large amounts of dead
locusts and that they had seen large swarms of grown locusts fall
down to the ground dead, stating that they did not know to what
to attribute this strange phenomena. I then explained to them the
marvelous results obtained by the use of the fungus and told them
not to use those insects for food after this.
I believe that I have been to some extent successful by going daily
from pueblo to pueblo and advising the inhabitants to be persever-
ing and constant in their work, judging by the large areas of land
now cultivated, although it is surprising how well the fields are
tilled, as the absence of labor cattle is more to be noticed now than
ever.
I have traveled with the provincial board through all the pueblos
bordering on Manila,'and the 3d instant is the day designated to
visit the pueblos of the former district of Morong. I consider these
visits to the pueblos very necessary, as it is essential to animate
the patient farmer who has to struggle, first, with the lack of cara-
baos; second, with the lack of water; third, with the destructive
locusts; and fourth, with the rats and little worms which attack


47
and destroy the crops of paddy and sugar cane, leaving the stalks
standing and useless.
I should like to have on hand at my disposal about 400 piculs
of rice for the purpose of succoring with the same the most needy
of the people engaged in the extermination of the locusts and of
alleviating to some extent the destitution of the inhabitants.
Speaking of the work of the locust board, I can inform you that
on the 20th of the current month an ordinance was passed making
the work for the extermination of the locusts obligatory for all
inhabitants, with the exceptions provided by law. As soon as the
preparatory work had been completed, the members of the board
scattered out amongst the following pueblos, in order to make this
ordinance more effective: Messrs. Arturo, Dancel, and Manuel Jab-
son in the pueblos of Pasig, Pateros, Taguig, Muntinlupa, San
Pedro Macati, San Juan del Monte, San Felipe ISTeri, Cainta, Tay-
tay, Antipolo, and Bosoboso; Mr. Matias Angeles in the pueblos
of Montalbon, San Mateo, Mariquina, jSTovaliches, Caloocan, Mala-
bon, and Navotas; Mr. Estanislao Melendrez in the pueblos of
Teresa, Angono, Binangonan, Baras, Cardona, Morong, Tanay,
Palila, Quisao, and Jalajala.
The provincial supervisor has been designated for the work of
distributing and shipping the material necessary for the destruc-
tion of the insects and of the periodical issue of rice to all the
pueblos.
This is all that has been done so far in regard to the agriculture
and the destruction of the locusts. If it merits your approval this
will be considered a good reward by the undersigned who respect-
fully greets you.
A. Dancel, Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 8,719 cavanes,
equal to 1,198,862 pounds.)
EOMBLON.
Romblon, September 25, 1903.
The Executive Secretary, Manila:
Sir: I have the honor to submit the following as a report on
the suppression of locusts in this province:
The board appointed by your office for this purpose held its


48
first meeting at Looc, Tablas Island, on the 26th of August, 1903.
Rules and regulations (copy inclosed)1 were adopted.
The question of using iron sheets was brought before the board
by the acting supervisor and, after discussion, it was decided that
inasmuch as the people of this province had been then engaged
for a month in the suppression of the locusts and were using
this method for catching the locusts with success, iron sheets were
not thought to be necessary. (Method used: Building trenches
and covering the same with banana leaves and then driving the
locusts into this trench, when they were covered over with ground.)
It was not thought necessary to supply rice unless application
for the same was received, and therefore the Civil Governor was
not requested to furnish any. Up to the present date not a single
application has been received for assistance, and it is not thought
that any will be received, as the people seemed very willing to
undertake this work for their own benefit.
Reports have been received from the Island of Sibuyan, where
about 500 pounds of locusts have been exterminated. Owing to
a misunderstanding the other pueblos have failed to send in their
reports in the manner indicated by the board, and only report
that the inhabitants are engaged in the work, but fail to state
the amount of locusts caught. This fault will be remedied as
soon as communication can be had with outlying towns.
Owing to the scattered location of the pueblos and the fact
that no launch is available for use by the board, it is nearly
impossible to properly oversee the work.
As soon as corrected reports are received they will be forwarded
to your office.
Very respectfully, Francisco Sanz, Governor.
Romblon, September 30, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Report of board for suppression of locusts, Romblon Province:
Board organized at Looc, Tablas Island, August 26. Assembly
received instructions for extermination of locusts. Work has been
carried on with great vigor since that date. Owing to scattered
condition of province and no steam transportation members of
1 Not printed.


49
board not able to get around province. Reports received to date
show 6,825 pounds locusts exterminated on Tablas Island. They
are supposed to be all of the same class and have not to date done
much damage. On Sibuyan Island reports show 500 pounds exter-
minated. Report does not show size of locusts. As yet no appli-
cation has been received for rice, and people all seem to realize
that work is for their own benefit. Can not Civil Governor send
a launch for about ten days in order to properly oversee this
work? Am of the opinion combined operations would be means
of entirely exterminating locusts. No locusts on Banton or Rom-
blon Island.
Sanz, Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 7,325 pounds.)
SAMAR.
Catbalogan, October 1, 1903.
Governor Taft, Manila:
Since organization of locust board circulars have been sent to
all the pueblos giving thorough instructions for the killing of
locusts and hoppers and the destruction of the eggs deposited
by them. Pueblos invaded by locusts are Catbalogan, Paranas,
Jiabang, San Julian, Sulat, Calbayog, Weyler. They have been
instructed to comply with the circular orders of this board and
the act passed. The governor and two members went to Paranas
to push extermination of locusts and see the results of the meas-
ures employed. They took to the said pueblo 50 sheets of iron
and 10 sacks of rice, as requested. Sixty sacks of hoppers were
caught, and the aforesaid pueblo is now. free from locusts. In
Jiabang 25 sacks of locusts were caught, and the swarm left for
elsewhere. In Calbayog about 30 cavanes of locusts have been
killed. It is calculated that 10 cavanes of hoppers have been
killed in Catbalogan, Calbayog, and Calbigay. Catbalogan and
Paranas seem to be free from locusts now. Locust plague has de-
stroyed many fields of paddy and sugar cane, and tubers are
planted everywhere in order to prevent famine. The launch of
this province being in a bad condition, it is not possible to take
rice and sheet iron to pueblos invaded by the locusts. I have no
news from the pueblos of Weyler, San Julian, and Sulat, for
14043-4


50
lack of communication. I therefore would ask for another launch
while the Guy Howard is being repaired, if this is possible, to
the end of assisting pueblos invaded by locusts, where all render
great assistance to work of this government.
Singson, Governor.
Manila, P. I., October 2, 1903.
Singson, Governor, Gatbalogan, Samar:
Referring your telegram 1st instant, what was weight of sacks
filled with hoppers and locusts?
(Signed) Fergusson,
Executive Secretary.
Catbalogan, October 3, 1903.
Fergusson, Executive Secretary, Manila:
Replying to your telegram dated yesterday, I would state that
according to information received by this government 11,875
pounds of hoppers and 3,750 pounds of locusts have been killed
in four pneblos. The work will for the present be rather impeded
by the lack of a steamer, although the pneblos are very enthusias-
tic to cause the locust plague to disappear.
Singson, Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 15,625 pounds.)
SORSOGON.
Sorsogon, October 1, 1903.
The Civil Governor, Manila:
Have visited a large part of the province, as I informed you
in due time on my arrival, without hearing anything about locusts.
However, in order to provide for future contingencies, I believe
that, in view of the topographical situation of this province, it
would be advisable to appoint at least four agriculturalist mem-
bers for this service, if your honor agrees. I salute you.
Monreal, Governor.


51
SURIG-AO.
Surigao, October 1, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila: y
Locusts destroyed as follows at Surigao:
Sacks.
August 20................................................................................................................................................................U
August 25..........................................................................................................................................................12
August 26................................................................................................................................................................15
August 27................................................................................................................................................................4
August 28................................................................................................................................................................3
August 29................................................................................................................................................................7
September 1............................................................................................................................................................3
September 3............................................................................................................................................................8
September 6...............................................'...........................................................6
September 7............................................................................................................................................................7
September 9'..........................................................................................................................................................7
Total ............................................................................ 73*
Approximate weight, 2,940 pounds. All mature locusts. Ho
report from other towns. One agriculturist sent to Butuan re-
ported no locusts in Juban. Scouts and Constabulary called upon
to enforce the orders of board in Surigao.
Rafael Eliot, Acting Governor.
(Total amount of .locusts and hoppers killed, 2,940 pounds.)
TARLAC.
Tarlac, September 30, 1903.
The Executive Secretary.
Sir: I have the honor to inform you that during the second
half of this month of September the situation of the province
in regard to the locusts is the following, according to information
furnished by the municipal presidents:
At Pura, Moriones, Murcia, O'Donnell, Gerona, San Clemente,
and La Paz neither locusts nor hoppers have made their appearance.
At Paniqui none have appeared either, excepting a small quan-
tity of hoppers which appeared on the field of a resident, whose
tenants succeeded in exterminating them immediately. In the
pueblo of Capas it has also been impossible to totally exterminate
the hoppers which had appeared at three different places in that
municipality since the first half of the present month.
At San Ignacio 499 cavanes of hoppers have been killed, and


52
the residents are at work in order to exterminate what still re-
mains. In Victoria the work of destruction is still going on in
the barrios where hoppers appear, although the plague has de-
creased considerably. In the barrios of San Jose, Burgos, and
Maluac of Moncada 368 persons have been engaged in the work
during the last fifteen days and have exterminated 38 cavanes
and 10 gantas. In Bamban 12 cavanes of hoppers were killed
in the barrio of Culubasa, and only an insignificant quantity
remains. In Tarlac, the capital, about 30 cavanes of hoppers
have been exterminated, and the barrios are now free from them.
In Concepcion the hoppers have appeared in large numbers during
the last fifteen days, in the barrios of Santiago, Santo Nino,
San Francisco, and Telablanca, and the councilors of the said
barrios have personally taken charge of the direction of the work,
in which ten persons from each of the seventeen barrios of that
pueblo are engaged daily. During the period aforementioned they
have succeeded in killing 405 cavanes of hoppers, of which so few
are left that they do not constitute a menace or danger to the
crops.
The pueblos of Camiling and Anao have not sent their weekly
reports during the last fifteen days, which indicates that nothing
new has happened in the same.
I would invite your attention to the fact that since the work
of the extermination of this plague commenced, and notwithstand-
ing all the work performed in all the municipalities of this prov-
ince, none of the latter have asked the provincial government for
rice, although I know personally that many of the residents are
without this article and subsist on maize and tubers. This is an
unselfish act and a sacrifice for which one must give credit to
these people, who humbly obey the law and are ready to defend
its interests. I therefore would ask the honorable the Civil Gov-
ernor for authority to dispose of at least 300 of the 5,000 picnls
of rice on hand here, so that if the inhabitants state their needs
and ask for succor I can immediately provide relief without preju-
dice to rendering a detailed report to you in regard to the appli-
cation of the said article.
Very respectfully, Alfonso Ramos,
Provincial Governor.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 135,354 pounds.)


53
TAYABAS.
Lucena, September 30, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
During the period from 26th to 29th 74 cavanes of locusts
have been destroyed. The locust board record shows that during
the period from August 3 to September 30 the following amount
of locusts have been destroyed: 267 sacks and 1,221 cavanes and
3,950 pounds, it being hereto included the 200 sacks.and 163 ca-
vanes destroyed previous to the constitution of the board. During
July ultimo in Santa Cruz, Marinduque, 400, and in Torrijos,
45 cavanes-.
(Total amount of locusts and hoppers killed, 270,953 pounds.)
Mr. A. W. Fergusson,
Executive Secretary, Manila, P. I.
Sir: In compliance with my telegram of the 1st of October, I
have the pleasure of sending you a detailed statement of the locusts
destroyed in this province from May to September of this year,
and a detailed tabulated statement of the crops destroyed by that
plague in this province during the months of August and Sep-
tember of the same year.
Respectfully, Potenciano Lesaca,
A detailed statement of the locusts destroyed in the several
pueblos of Zambales by virtue of ordinances issued by the pro-
vincial board during the period from May 2 to September 3, 1903,
said ordinances being suspended on the latter date. Amount de-
stroyed, 3,541J cavanes. The provincial treasurer owes therefor
to local locust boards the sum of $708.20, Mexican.
The number of locusts caught and destroyed by virtue of Act
No. 817 was as follows:
Paras, Governor.
ZAMBALES.
Iba, October 15, 1903.
Provincial Governor.
Cavanes.
August, 1903 ......
September, 1903
2,246
155*
Total
2,401*


54
The following is a detailed tabulated statement of the crops
destroyed by the locusts and hoppers in the several pueblos of
Zambales, and the amount of damage thus caused:
In August: Mexican currency.
39 quinones 9 balitas and 2 loanes of paddy................................ $27,389
18 quinones and 3 balitas of maize.................................................. 1,831
2 quinones and 2 balitas of sugar cane............................................ 950
30,170
Destroyed in Candelaria and Iba in September:
12 quinones 9 balitas and 5 loanes of paddy.................... $4,100
1 balita of corn........................................................................ 25
-- 4,125
Total ................................................................................................ 34,295
A considerable quantity of locust eggs was destroyed in the
municipality of Castillejos on the 25th of August, 1903. Thanks
to the zeal and activity of the municipal officials, who cooperated
with the locust' board, and especially to the patriotism of the
inhabitants, who readily and enthusiastically responded to the in-
vitation of the board to exterminate the locusts by the method
known as "pintacasi," it has been possible to exterminate the
locusts almost entirely, and it can be affirmed that from Sep-
tember 20 to 25 last the province was free from that terrible
plague. Of the Government rice only two sacks have been used
so far for the extermination of the locusts. The wealthy inhab-
itants of the pueblos, as honorary members of the locust board,
took it upon themselves to furnish the poor with food. This
report is in accordance with the data furnished by the munici-
palities and on file in the office of the provincial secretary.
Total amount of locusts reported destroyed by provinces.
Province.
Abra___________________
Albay (reports 300 bags)
Ambos Camarines_______
Antique________________
Batangas________________
Bulacan________________
Cagayan_________________
Capiz___________________
Cavite___________________
Ilocos Norte_____________
Ilocos Sur_______________
Iloilo____________________
Isabela__________________
La Laguna______________
La Union________________
Lepanto-Bontoc_________
Ley te___________________
Amount.
Pounds.
34,340
20,000
75,840
61,929
634,700
1,534,975
99,825
371,868
683,506
681,175
547,312
45,100
14,988
311,163
1,590,737
46,500
72,220
Province.
Mindoro___________
Misamis___________
Negros Occidental
Negros Oriental _...
Nueva Ecija_______
Nueva Vizcaya____
Pampanga_________
Pangasinan_______
Rizal______________
Romblom_________
Samar_____________
Surigao____________
Tarlac_____________
Tayabas___________
Zambales__________
Total________


APPENDIX C.
TELEGRAMS.
Manila, June 16, 1903.
Provincial Governor (All Provinces) :
Civil Governor desires to know: How is food supply in your
province? What is price of rice? When is your next crop and
what the prospect? Are there starving people in your province?
Telegraph answer at once.
Fergusson.
ABBA.
[Translation.]
Bangued, Abra, June 18-19, 1903.
Fergusson, Executive Secretary, Manila:
Replying to your telegram of the 16th instant as to price of
rice and prospects of crop, I have the pleasure of transmitting to
you the following painful data: The coming crop of corn in this
province ought to be gathered during this month of June and
July next, but these articles, as well as other food stuffs planted
in March, owing to the locusts, will be nil in the towns of Bucay,
Dolores, San Juan, La Paz, Dangtas, and part of San Gregorio,
as well as in the settlements of non-Christian tribes in the north
and east of the province; that is to say, in more than half of the
same. The next crop of paddy will be in November and Decem-
ber, but the seed plats -for this crop, owing to the same plague
of locusts, have been likewise lost in the said towns and part of
Tayum and Bangued. As the field hands had to sow new seed
plats of paddy rather late because of the locusts, if there is any
yield at all it will be very smallabout a third smaller than usual.
The highest present price of rice in the towns most attacked by
the locusts is from 8 to 10 cents, Mexican, per pound; and the
lowest price in Bangued and towns in the south of the province,
where the locust, thank God, has not appeared in devastating num-
bers up to the present, the price of the article is from 5 to 6 cents
55


56
per pound. Ever since the month of. May the scarcity of cereals
has begun to be felt here, and the scarcity has increased more and
more owing to the increasing damage caused by the locusts.
By mail I shall send you the detailed commnnications of the
municipal presidents regarding the sad situation of the towns
through lack of food.
Juan Villamor,
Provincial Governor.
ALBAY.
Albay, June 11, 1903.
Fergusson, Executive Secretary, Manila:
Replying to your telegram 16th, there is plenty of rice in the
almacenes in this province. Rice in seaport towns worth $7.40.
Towns center of province $8.40. Towns farthest from the ports,
9 pesos. This is the season for planting rice in this province. A
very large acreage is now being prepared. Have just returned from
the interior with Colonel Bandholtz, where we have extended the
lines of reconcentration in the rice-prodncing pneblos, to enable
them to continue the further planting of rice. The dams in the
streams that supply these plains with water for the rice fields, and
which were destroyed a few years ago, have all been reconstructed
and they now have abundance of water. There is some suffering in
some of the reconcentrated pneblos. Up to the present all who
desired work were given work on the public highway. Our road
fund, however, is running very low owing to the fact that the
province has been scarcely able to collect any taxes during the
period of reconcentration. A continuation of the reconcentration
no doubt will compel ns to ask the Commission for some assist-
ance. I am opposed, however, to distributing relief gratuitously;
those requiring assistance should be willing to give their labor in
compensation for same. An inspection of the highways being
constructed by the municipalities with the funds recently loaned
them by the province to give work to those requiring assistance dis-
closes the fact that the municipalities can secure a greater amount
of work from their people with the same amount of money than can
be accomplished by the province. All this work, however, is being
done under the supervision of the provincial supervisor through
competent road foremen paid by the province. These highways
are being constructed at about one-third the price they would cost


57
in normal times. There is but little change in the ladrone situa-
tion. They apparently have gone into hiding. I have a great
deal of faith in Colonel Bandholtz's ability to handle the situation.
Betts, Governor.
AMBOS CAMARINES.
Nueva Caceres, June 17, 1903.
Fergusson, Executive Secretary, Manila:
Price of rice Nueva Caceres this morning $7.60 and $7.70,
local currency, per sack. At Iriga, 23 miles interior, $8.30 and
$8.40. All local dealers report large supplies stocks on hand. Next
crop from January to April next year. While greater activity
in planting this year than any time since war and several rice
towns looking for good crops, the production of province will fall
far short of consumption. A great deal of corn is under cultiva-
tion. Peaceful conditions of province enable us to work all hemp
and cocoanut fields. Fisheries are doing well. No starving people
or danger of starvation. Employment available for all willing to
work at fair wages.
Ross.
ANTIQUE.
San Jose, June 23, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
There are approximately 15,000 cavanes of palay at prices as
follows: In towns near the Sibalon Valley, $3.10 cavan; central
towns, $4; $5 in towns south and a few north. Next crops in
north and south will be in September and in Sibalon Valley in
December. Rice, Saigon, is sold by Chinos in San Jose, Bugason,
and Colasi at from 33 to 40 cents per ganta. There will be starva-
tion to some extent in August and September, but the crop of
corn, camote, and tubers will greatly help out.
Salazar, Acting Governor.
BATAAN.
Balanga, Bataan, June 18, 1903 (received June 19).
Executive Secretary, Manila:
People have harvested probably two months' supply of rice from
second crop. First-class rice sells from $8 to $8.50 per picul.


58
There is and will be no suffering for food, people always having
sufficient money to purchase necessaries. Fishing supports over
one-half of the population.
Goldman, Governor.
BATANGAS. v .
Batangas, June 17, 1903.
Fergusson, Executive Secretary, Manila:
Food is somewhat scarce, but the relieving wrork of war emergency
funds is of great relief for the people. Bice is sold at $6, Mexican,
per cavan, and some given away to the poorest people. No case of
starvation has been reported to me yet, though great difficulty of
getting employment is more and more felt by the poorer classes.
Large clouds of locusts are hovering on the new rice plantations.
Up to date the work of the experts in the management of fungus
has not produced satisfactory results. Captain Boughton has
extended his relieving work to destruction of locusts. Many towns
are being given money for the purpose of buying dead locusts at
50 cents, Mexican, per cavan. It relieves the poor people very
much and at the same time affords employment to able-bodied men,
women, and children. The next rice crop is for September next.
The prospect is middling fair and, if not destroyed, the next rice
crop would be satisfactory indeed. Despite the lack of laboring
animals the people have made every effort, and large extent of
lands are being planted with rice and corn. The lateness of rain
in a few places impedes the completion of the plantations.
Luz, Governor.
BENGUET.
Baguio, Benguet, June 17, 1903.
Fergusson, Executive Secretary, Manila:
Just returned from northern part of province. Everything satis-
factory. Just beginning to harvest rice. Larger yield than ever
before. More land cultivated than during past. Conditions excel-
lent. Will start for Kayapa on the 19th.
Pack.


59
BOHOL.
Tagbilaran, June 17, 1903 (received June IS).
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Answering your telegram of the 16th, majority coast towns have
enough rice. Price from $6.75, Mexican, to $8 interior pueblos.
Carmen, Sierra Bullones, Balilijan, and Baklayon have no rice.
Principal shortage in Carmen and Sierra Bullones. The next crop
of palay will be the end of November, of corn the end of July and
August, Much corn was sowed in the majority of the towns, but
there were also clouds of locusts, which I have ordered the presi-
dents to pursue and destroy. Recently there have been killed more
than 400 cavanes of young grasshoppers in my province. There
are very few starving people.
Clarin, Provincial Governor.
BULACAN.
Malolos, June 17, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Food supply in my, province poor and scanty. The treasurer
and I just came from a visit in north part, observing that famine
hangs on the poor classes with the fact that locusts, large and small,
are stationed in those towns. During the time of five days 8,535
pounds of rice have been exchanged to people for 42,872 pounds of
locusts. The price of rice varies accordingly in different towns,
fluctuating between $7.50 and $10, local currenc}', per cavan.
Indian corn crop commences this month, lasting till August, and
rice crop in November and December. Prospects not very good
for want of water. Five hundred dollars appropriated for extinc-
tion of locusts already expended. Now the board has appropriated
$500 more for same purpose, and perhaps another sum still will be
needed. To-morrow will confer with you regarding condition of
the province.
Pablo Tecson, Governor Bulacan Province.
CAGAYAN".
[Translation.]
Tuguegarao, June 19, 1903 (received June 20).
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Replying to your telegram of the 16th of this month, I report
price white Saigon rice $9.50, Mexican; second-grade white, $7.75


60
to $8; ordinary, $7.50. Locust plague destroyed corn, paddy,
tuber crop several times. Next crop will be poor and meager, if
any at all. Up to present no starving people this province.
Gonzaga, Provincial Governor.
CAPIZ.
[Translation.]
Capiz, June 17, 1903.
Fergusson., Executive Secretary, Manila:
All the rice fields were destroyed by the typhoon. Actual con-
ditions relatively good, with little corn and paddy on hand. Within
a month hunger will be felt in the interior towns, although they
have again sown corn and paddy. Next crop will be in October. It
promises to be abundant, as everybody endeavors to till the fields,
even with his hands, owing to lack of carabao. This crop is the
only hope of the province. Fortunately nobody dies of starvation,
but I fear they will die of fevers owing to lack of shelter and the
humidity of the soil. Ordinary rice in this market and Calivo
8 pesos per picul, and white second-grade, $9.50, Mexican, per
picul; Tapaz, Maayon, Macato, Molinao, piculs rice, ordinary,
9.50 to 10 pesos; second-grade white, 12 pesos; corn at Dao and
Sigma, $3.75, Mexican, per cavan.
Jugo Vidal, Governor.
CAVITE.
[Translation.]
Cavite, June 17, 1903.
Fergusson, Executive Secretary, Manila:
Food supply in this province is very limited and the small crops
of rice which will be harvested will only last a few weeks. Rice
now is worth from 8 to 12 pesos, Mexican, per cavan, depending
upon the distance of the town from the seaport and quantity
bought at one time, whether ganta or cavan. Next full crop will
be in December or January, but the locusts have again appeared
and threaten the rice crop of that date. There will be no starving
in this province, but the people will be in sore circumstances, and
I respectfully request that some arrangements be made to assist


61
the people from 1st August to rice crop in December. They will
need 60,000 cavanes of rice to be brought from outside. Some of
the people are able to pay in full, though some will be able to pay
not more than half price for their rice.
M. Trias, Provincial Governor.
CEBU.
[Translation.]
Cebu, June 18, 1903.
Fergusson, Executive Secretary, Manila:
This province does not grow rice. Corn, which is the principal
food of all these towns, can not be gathered before two or three
months in those towns, not destroyed by the cyclone of the 2d
instant. Should no contretemps intervene, a fair crop is expected.
It is impossible to get at the number of persons suffering hunger,
but it is estimated that two-thirds of the inhabitants of the towns
of this province live only on bananas, tubers, buri meal, and
shellfish in small quantities. The price of corn per cavan is
quoted at from 7 to 8 pesos, and a picul of rice, second grade, at
this capital at 7.25, and in the towns from 8 to 9 pesos. There
is a sufficient supply of rice in this market. It is advisable that
the repair of roads be entered on in those towns where hunger is
most felt, as a means of providing wages to their inhabitants. I
proposed this to the provincial board at the beginning of the in-
vasion of famine, but the provincial supervisor interposed some
difficulties.
Climaco, Governor.
ILOCOS NORTE.
[Translation.]
Laoag, June 18, 1903 (received June 19, Salomague, 8 a. m.).
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Food stuffs of this province very scarce now. Rice sold at $8.75,
Mexican. New crop will begin coming in end of November and
assuredly will be small owing to lack of rain and the locust plague.
Many towns needing rice.
Jugo Agcaoili, Provincial Governor.


62
ILOCOS SUE.
[Translation.]
Vigan, June 23, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Received your telegram of to-day, as well as that of the 16th. Did
not reply at once because was awaiting data requested of the towns.
Condition province with respect to rice according to reports: Scar-
city noticeable already in several towns, but up to the present there
is a sufficient supply of rice at Vigan, where it is purchased by
inhabitants of other towns. All presidents have been advised to
report to me first symptom alarming scarcity. Sowing paddy just
beginning; many locusts, which have destroyed part cornfields.
Shall request rice when towns need it and no supply at Yigan.
Crisologo, Governor.
ILOILO.
[Translation.]
Iloilo, June 19, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
The condition of the province as regards food supply is critical.
Rice, second-grade white, is sold at $7, Mexican, per picul whole-
sale and $7,061 to $7,124 retail. Ordinary quality at $6.43f per
picul. There is a very small stock of paddy on hand, and that
only in a few towns, and it is very dear. Rice in the interior
towns is sold at 374 cents per ganta, and in some a little higher.
For these reasons starvation, which is beginning to be felt, it is
expected, will increase and cause ravages. It is impossible now
to foretell the condition of the new paddy crop because the plow-
ing is just beginning. Owing to late rains the early paddy crop
will be gathered in September and the regular crop in Novem-
ber and December. The latter "is garnered in greater quantities
and it is the only one which serves as a basis for calculations,
for the early crop is small in quantity. I beg you will inform
me what Government rice will cost, placed at Iloilo.
Delgado.


63
ISABELA.
[Translation.]
Ilagan, Isabela, June 18, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Replying to your courteous telegram of the 16th instant regard-
ing the stock of rice on hand in this province, its price, prospects
for next crop and its condition, and whether the people of the
province are starving, I respectfully report that this province is
well supplied with rice, and its price is $8.50 to $9, Mexican,
per cavan of Saigon rice. As to the next crop, its conditions are
good and will be abundant if all planted is garnered, unless the
fields should be desolated by the locusts which abound through-
out the province. At present no starvation is apparent. The
municipal presidents continue to give fortnightly reports of the
condition of the fields plowed and planted in their various munici-
palities, as they were directed and urged to do, and the reports
are satisfactory.
Dichoso, Governor.
LA LAG-UNA.
[Translation.]
Santa Crue, Laguna, June 17, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
By direction of the provincial governor: Food stuffs in this
province are now cheaper than last year, 1902. Price of rice
fluctuates between $6.80, Mexican, and $7.50 per picul. It may
be that these prices will rise should the next crop be small. The
prospects are rather doubtful owing to scarcity of carabaos and
farm animals and presence of clouds of locusts in the locality.
Ho one in the province has died of starvation. What is feared
will bring about scarcity of resources is numerous immigration of
laborers from Bataan.
Jose Rivera, Provincial Secretary.
LA UNION.
San Fernando, Union, June 17, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
There is a reserve supply of Government rice in all towns except
San Fernando which is being held for emergency. When supply


64
held, by individuals is exhausted this will be put on sale. Private
parties are selling bad class of rice for 8 pesos per cavan. The
planting of rice is just being commenced owing to lack of rain,
not through neglect of people. Can not say what crop will be,
but everything promises big harvest. Not one case of starvation
has been reported, nor is it anticipated. We requested 10,000
picnls of rice for This province; have received about 2,000. Need
more to carry the people through until crop is harvested.
Ortega.
LEPANTO-BONTOC.
Cervantes, June 17, 1903 (received June 18, 1903).
Executive Secretary, Manila:
In reply your telegram June 16, would say rice selling Cer-
vantes $12.50 per cavan; Bagnen and further west at this price.
New crop harvesting. Price breaking; sufficient camotes. No
suffering and outlook good.
Dinwiddie, Governor.
LEYTE.
Tacloban, June 17, 1903 (received June 18).
Fergusson, Executive Secretary, Manila:
Paddy, corn, palawan, gabe, ube, sweet potatoes, bananas, apari,
coro, are food stuffs raised in province to feed about half the
population. Fresh fish all through the year along the coast to
feed two-thirds the population. Four-fifths of the people have
hemp lands where they produce yearly, I calculate, at least 5,000,000
pesos' worth placed at a price of 20 pesos a picnl. Last year 50
per cent of the crops of paddy and corn were lost. Next crop,
which is in December, will have a loss of 75 per cent on account
of heat. Hemp and other products mentioned above in splendid
condition. Rice selling 8.25 to 9 pesos a picnl. There are no
starving people in province.
Borseth, Acting Governor.
MASBATE.
Masbate, June 19, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Food supply limited. Rice selling $8.25 in Masbate, but $10


65
to $12 in outlying pueblos. No prospects of next crop on'account
of drought. Much land in preparation for sowing. No starving
people in the province.
Serrano, Provincial Governor.
MINDORO.
Calapan, June 17, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Food supply on north side of island good; other side no difficul-
ties known. Price of rice per sack $7, Mexican. Next crop in
October; prospect good. No starving people in province. Gov-
ernor absent attending municipal elections.
o San Agustin,
Provincial Secretary, Acting Governor.
MISAMIS.
[Translation.]
Cagayan, June 23, 1903 (received June 24).
Executive Secretary, Manila:
According to reports presidents of the towns, sufficient rice on
hand for more than a month. Price of rice from $8 to $9, Mexican.
Next corn crop will be harvested about middle September; of
paddy, in November and December. Corn crop looks well. Can
not judge of paddy, as just beginning to plant it. The inhabitants
are not dying of starvation, but owing to lack of food they fare
poorly, predisposing them to cholera, which has caused several
deaths.
Coriiales, Governor.
NEGROS OCCIDENTAL.
[Translation.]
Bacolod, June 17, 1903 (received June 18).
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Rice comes from Iloilo, and price is 7.50 to 8.50 pesos per
picul of second-grade white. First crop of padd}q small, will be
in October, and the second and larger in quantity in December
14043-5


66
and January next. General crop, it is expected, will be small. I
have no news of any deaths from starvation, since rice shipped to
the towns made it possible to meet the critical situation of several
of them. Corn is being sowed, and I would request the shipment
of seed corn. The winged and wingless locusts have appeared in
several towns. I recommend shipment fungus recently prepared.
Circulars have been sent to the towns recommending the destruc-
tion of these insects and offering rewards in coin.
Locsin.
NEGROS ORIENTAL.
Dumaguete, June 17, 1903.
Fergusson, Executive Secretary, Manila:
Replying to your telegram, I have to state: Rice, second grade,
white, $7.50, Mexican, in this capital; in northern and southern
towns from $8 to $10, Mexican, per picul. Almost every town
has planted corn in the last days of May. The planting has been
very good, but very little hopeful on account of two plagues, the
locust and the worm "tagustus," which suddenly appeared in
most of the towns. It is estimated that 30 per cent of the people
of this province feed on roots and tubers from the woods. No
deaths have been reported from famine. Proper measures have
been taken for the extinction of the plagues. The transplanting
of the "palay" (rice seed) is usually made in the last days of the
present month. This kind of seed is very scarce in some of the
towns.
Larena, Acting Governor.
NUEVA ECIJA.
[Translation.]
San Isidro, Nueva Ecija, June 30, 1903.
Fergusson, Executive Secretary, Manila:
Replying to your telegram of June 16, 1903, food stuffs among
poorer classes scarce. Price, rice, $7 to $8, Mexican, cavan. Palay,
3 to 3.50 pesos cavan. Crop not known because there are no seed
plats sown, owing to lack of rain and locust plague. It is expected
that the yield will be poor. Up to date not known that anyone


67
has died of starvation, but the majority of the poorer classes only
eat once a day tubers and substances extracted from palms, cane,
and other vegetables.
Santos, Governor.
NUEVA VIZCAYA.
Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya, June 17, 1903.
Fergusson, Executive Secretary, Manila:
Food supply this province sufficient until next crop. It is too
early here to predict regarding next rice crop, which is only
planted in July, August, and September, but prospects are good,
excepting danger from locusts. There are no starving people in
this province. We have more work animals this year than last,
and they are free from disease so far.
Bennett, Provincial Governor.
PAMPANG-A.
Bacolor, June 17, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila :
Food supply in this province in very bad condition. Price rice
No. 1, $8.50 per cavan. Crop of rice due in December. Prospects
very poor. Famine is already felt and will become worse this
coming month.
Joven, Governor.
PANGASINAN.
[Translation.]
Lingayen, June 17, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Replying to your telegram of 16th instant, at present sufficient
supply food stuffs on hand. Rice fluctuates between 4 and 5 pesos.
In some pueblos and in Dagupan, 6 pesos cavan, by reason of large
exports of rice from there to Union, Zambales, Uocos, and Pam-
panga. Rice farmers are getting ready and the sowing will begin
next month. Crop will be gathered between November and Feb-
ruary. There is great drouth and many locusts. The latter are
continually pursued and destroyed. There are not sufficient field-
animals. Laboring class not starving.
Favila, Governor.


68
PARAGUA.
Cuyo, June 17, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
The food supply in province is abundant. Price of palay is
$2.50, Mexican, per cavan. Price of rice is 5 cents, Mexican, per
pound. Next crop will be in September and October. Prospects
good. There are no starving people in province. On the contrary,
people are in better condition in every respect than they have ever
been before.
Philipps, Governor, Paragua.
RIZAL.
Pasig, Rizal, June 17, 1903.
E[on. A. W. Fergusson, Manila:
Antipolo feasts gave and are still giving these towns large allot-
ments of Mexican currency.' Famine is not to be afraid of at
present; moreover, district of Morong could furnish crop of rice
for a time. Crop of rice and sugar cane looked well before now,
with good prospects for husbandmen, but locusts destroyed again
plantations. Campaign against bandits having been over, I am
now undertaking by all means against locusts. Market price of
rice here is $9, Mexican, per picul. Scantiness of water prevents
putting seed plot of rice. Conditions in province quietly improved.
My respects to Civil Governor and you.
Dancel, Provincial Governor.
EOMBLON.
[Translation.]
Romblon, June 17, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
In the matter of food stuffs my province, up to the present time,
is supplied with everything. The price of rice at this time, prime,
is 8 pesos per picul, and of Pangasinan rice, $6.50 per picul. The
next crop will be gathered about the months of November and
-December. The prospects in case of starvation in this province
will be to feed on sweet potatoes, corn, and other tubers, and should


69
the case arise the provincial government would request sufficient
rice of your office beforehand to distribute.
Sanz, Governor.
SAMAR.
[Translation.]
Catbalogan, June 17, 1903.
Fergusson, Executive Secretary, Manila:
Replying to your telegram of June 16, people of this province
eat only rice and fish; in default of rice or paddy they eat tubers,
which abound here. Price of rice: Saigon prime, $7.50 per picul;
Rangoon, $7.62-^ per picul. Northern and eastern coasts paddy
now being sown, or, rather, sowing about to end. Southern and
western coasts planting in September and October. Considerable
paddy must have been harvested at Catubig because great quanti-
ties sown. Locusts are beginning to appear and have done some
damage. Unable to learn extent of damage. No reports of people
dying of starvation here; nevertheless, would be wise to send some
2,000 sacks of rice to forestall any contingency. Of the shipment
sent this province only few sacks left. I have just learned that
on eastern coast rice selling at $8.50 per picul. Retail price 40
cents per ganta, which is 10 pesos per picul.
Llorente, Governor.
SORSOGON.
[Translation.]
Sorsogon, June 17, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Commission houses,'I understand, have sufficient supply rice of
very inferior quality on hand. Prices vary from 8 to 9 pesos per
picul, according to location, and tendency is to rise. New paddy
crop, owing to lack of animals, will be small. Wretchedness reigns
in the reconcentrated pueblos like Donsol, Pilar, and points where
the cholera caused such ravages like Bulusan and Santa Magdalena.
The rinderpest has reappeared in the pueblos of the east and south
of the province with considerable intensity, carrying off the few
carabaos remaining, and the horses suffered a loss of 90 per cent.
Monreal, Governor.


70
SURIGAO.
[Translation.]
Surigao, July 0, 1903.
Fergusson, Executive Secretary, Manila:
There is a sufficiency of edible roots and rice in the province.
Rice costs $7.50, Mexican, cavan in commercial houses, and $8,
Mexican, in Chinese shops. Rice crop harvested in April and
May. No famine felt in province at present.
Garcia, Governor.
TARLAC.
[Translation.]
Tarlac, Tarlac, June 17, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Replying to your telegram of this date I have the honor to
inform you that, although paddy is becoming scarce in this prov-
ince owing to the small crop garnered last year, nevertheless the
people continue to get food, and from no one have I heard that
the actual terrors of starvation are felt, for if food is not to be
found in one town it is sought or bought in another of this same
province. The present price of ordinary rice is $6,874, Mexican,
per cavan. The next paddy crop will not be planted until this
month or July, to be harvested in November and December of this
year, but it is to be feared that it will be destroyed by the locusts
and hoppers abounding in this province, as they nearly destroyed
the early corn and paddy planted last May, as well as the sugar
cane planted in December, January, and February last. The
people of this province continue to subsist, thanks to the many
who devoted themselves to the cutting and gathering of timber
and firewood in the forests, to the daily wages they earn in their
respective trades and occupations, or as laborers on the general
road work of the province. Many landowners here still have on
hand a fair quantity of paddy of the last general crop and of the
little which remains of the early paddy crop gathered in May last,
to whom the laborers and people of the town apply when they
desire to purchase it, the present price of which is $3, Mexican,
per cavan. In general terms, the outlook for the crops now


71
planted is very poor, as they have been damaged by the locusts,
and what is to be planted later on is also exposed to being de-
stroyed by the latter unless other causes favor it.
Very respectfully,
Alfonso Ramos,
Provincial Governor, Tarlac.
TAYABAS.
Lucena, June 18, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
In answer to your telegram dated 16th instant, there is in this
province a famine of food supply. Many towns are supplied with
rice from Manila, and others can get such food as camote, banana,
etc. Price of rice in the coast towns, Marinduque Island, and
Tiaon, from 8 pesos 50 cents per picul; in towns located on Pa-
cific coast, viz, Atimonan, Gumaca, Lopez, Catuag, Mauban, Alabat,
Kasiguran, etc., from 10 to 12 pesos. There is no harvest on
account of locusts. The beginning of plowing on the (Caingin)
lands is in June and July. The harvest will be during next No-
vember and December. In several towns the people are starving
where there was no harvest. The suffering amongst the people will
be intense provided the harvest does not come up to expectations.
Paras.
ZAMBALES.
[Translation.]
Iba, Zambales, June 18, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
With the exception of seven towns that have totally lost their
crops, all the rest have a sufficient stock of rice on hand until
the next crop, which will be in the month of November next. I
am not acquainted with outlook for the next crop of rice, as the
sowing has, not yet begun, although some paddy plats have been
dried up for want of rain. There has been no death from
starvation.
Lesaca, Governor.


APPENDIX D.
ADMINISTRATION AND FINANCE DIVISION.
Manila, P. I., October 1, 1903.
Sir: In compliance with, your verbal instructions I have the
honor to submit the following report covering the period from
October 1, 1902, to September 30, 1903, for the Administration
and Finance Division of this Bureau:
Prior to January 31 of the present year this division was known
as the "Appointment and Finance Division," and during the period
from October 1, 1902, to the date first mentioned the character
of the work was practically the same as during the period ending
on the latter date. On January 31, 1903, upon the consolidation
of the Executive Bureau and the office of the Secretary to the
Colnmission, the title of this division was changed to the "Admin-
istration and Finance Division" and the scope of its labor corre-
spondingly increased. This division took over the work of the
former "Appointment and Finance Division," in connection with
all administrative matters pertaining to the office of the Governor
and the Executive Bureau with the exception of the investigation
of charges and complaints against municipal and provincial offi-
cials, which were transferred to the law clerk of this Bureau,
whose position was provided for in the act of. consolidation men-
tioned above.
During the period from October 1, 1902, to September 30, 1903,
all executive orders; proclamations of the Civil Governor; appli-
cations for pardon with complete action thereon; reports in respect
to the estates of deceased employees of this Government; firearm
applications for the city of Manila and all the provinces, under
the provisions of Act 610, Philippine Commission, and amend-
ments thereto; cablegrams received and sent, including the" making
of official excerpts; resolutions of provincial boards with excerpts,
and almost all the communications between the Bureau of Insular
Affairs of the War Department and Offices and Bureaus of this
Government have been handled by the administration section of
this division. -
72


73
In the finance section all estimates of appropriations are pre-
pared; general and special appropriation bills drafted to be sub-
mitted to the Commission; extracts thereof furnished upon
passage; all requisitions for accountable warrants and certificates
for settlement warrants handled, also all accountable and settle-
ment warrants drawn and letters of transmittal prepared; commit-
tees appointed in matters of inspection of damaged and lost public
civil property, and their reports prepared for approval and trans-
mission, and all purchases, contracts, leases, and plans carefully
and thoroughly reviewed before submission for the approval of
the Chief Executive. Charges against officials and employees of
this Government under the provisions of Executive Order No. 84,
series 1902, covering removals, reductions, and reinstatements;
applications for leaves of absence, accrued and on account of
illness, are also handled by this section, together with all consular
correspondence, acknowledgments, drafts of proposed miscellaneous
acts and resolutions, and general miscellaneous action work.
During the year mentioned there have also been handled by
this division all appointments to insular, provincial, and munici-
pal positions, from that of the lowest under municipal governments
to the highest under the Insular Government. This also includes
all judicial appointments, covering those from judges of Courts^
of First Instance to auxiliary justices of the peace in the smallest
municipalities.
There are at present 40 organized provinces containing 1,035
organized municipalities. It is impossible to give even a com-
parative estimate of the amount of work connected with the super-
vision of the provincial and municipal governments. While the
strictly formative period of government in the provinces and
municipalities has been completed, there are still numberless ad-
ministrative questions arising which require careful and thorough
consideration before opinions or instructions can be issued owing
to their possible application in the future.
It is the aim of every clerk of. this division, in matters requiring
the attention of the Chief Executive and. Secretaries of Depart-
ments, to secure all the information obtainable to enable them
to take comprehensive action without delay upon all questions nec-
essarily submitted to them.
In conclusion it might be stated that there are at present in
this division 32 employees, 12 of whom are Americans, the balance


74
being natives of these Islandsthis report having been dictated
to and written by one of the last mentioned, a young Filipino
stenographer.
Tabulated statements showing the appointments made by the
Commission during the, period covered by this report as well as
the number of persons, Americans and Filipinos, at present hold-
ing office, and certain statistical information in respect of the
quantity of work performed in this division are hereto attached.
Respectfully submitted.
George M. Swindell,
Acting Chief.
The Executive Secretary, Manila.
Statement of icorJc performed by the Administration and Finance Division
during the period October 1, 1902, to September SO, 1903.
administration section.
Number.
Executive Orders............................................................................................ 94
Proclamations ................................................................................................ 7
Applications for pardon:
Received .................................................................................................. 333
Granted .................................................................................................... 105
Reports re estates deceased employees........................................................ 84
Firearm permits:
Issued by Constabulary............................................................ 1,287
Issued by provincial governors................................................ 655
Issued by Chief of Police, Manila............................................ 515
- 2,457
Cablegrams:
Received 328
Sent .......................................................................................................... 330
Official excerpts furnished.................................................................... 3,073
Resolutions of provincial boards, including resolutions of conventions
of municipal presidents............................................................................ 249
Official excerpts furnished from resolutions of provincial boards, etc.. 747
finance section.
Estimates of appropriations and claims audited..................................................................239
Bills drafted: .
General appropriation bills..........................................................................4
Special appropriation bills........................................................................................................................................21
Bills authorizing loans to provinces...............................................................................................7
Extracts of appropriation acts furnished....................................................................................................153
Duplicates of claims furnished Auditor for settlement........................................................18


75
Statement of work performed, etc.Continued.
finance sectioncontinued.
Warrants:
Requisitions for accountable warrants handled................................ 1,934
Certificates for settlement warrants handled.................................... 1,301
Accountable warrants drawn.............................................................. 1,934
Settlement warrants drawn.................................................................. 1,301
Letters of transmittal of warrants prepared.................................... 3,235
Inspections:
Inspection committees on damaged and lost public civil property
appointed ............................................................................................ 79
Inspectors on damaged and lost public civil property appointed.. 149
Inspection reports prepared for approval and transmission.......... 131
Executive approval of purchases, contracts, leases, plans, etc.,
approximately ............................................................................................ 720
Cases acted upon which come under Executive Order No. 84 (1902) :
Removals and resignations.................................................................... 150
Reductions .............................................................................................. 20
Reinstatements........................................................................................ 9
Applications for leaves of absence...................................................... 300
Appointments by the Commission during the period October 1, 1902, to
September 30, 1903.
Classification.
Insular officers (including judges)_______
Provincial officers (including clerks of
courts, members of boards of tax
revision, locust boards, etc.)___________
Municipal officers:
Secretaries, treasurers, etc___________
Presidents___________________________
Councilors____________________________
City of Manila___________________________
Justices and auxiliary justices of the
peace ________________________________
Notaries public__________________________
Total-
Appoint-
ments.
77
283
865
Resig-
nations.
13
42
273
336
Entire number holding office.
Ameri-
109
29
4
20
248
Filipino. Total.
40
2,906
982
8,159
27
1,708
343
14,403
149
324
2,906
982
8,159
56
1,712
14,651
Number of organized provinces:
Under Act No. 83____________________________________________________________________ 34
Otherwise--------------------------------------------------------------------------- 6
Number of organized municipalities---------------------------------------------------1,035


APPENDIX E.
FIRST ANNUAL REPORT OF THE RECORDER OF THE
COMMISSION TO THE EXECUTIVE SECRETARY.
Manila, October 1, 1903.
Sir: I have the honor to submit the following report covering
the work of the legislative division of the Executive Bureau for
the period from February 1, 1903, to September 30, 1903, inclusive,
and of the office of the Secretary of the Philippine Commission
from October 15, 1902, the date of the last report of the Com-
mission, to February 1, 1903:
By Act No. 609, enacted by the Commission January 31, 1903,
in accordance with suggestions contained in the last annual report
of the Civil Governor, the office of the Secretary of the Philippine
Commission and the Executive Bureau were consolidated under
the name of the Executive Bureau, the duties which before that
date had appertained to the Secretary of the Commission being
partly assumed by the Executive Secretary, but in a considerable
measure assumed by the Recorder of the Commission and the
legislative division of the Executive Bureau created by the act
above referred to. Upon the consolidation of these offices, as above
mentioned, Act No. 6 of the Commission was so amended as to
provide that the Recorder- should attest the acts of the Commission
upon their enactment. The following resolution was also adopted
by the Commission at its session of February 2:
The position of Secretary of the Commission having been abolished by
Act Numbered Six hundred and nine and the position of Recorder created,
and that portion of the "Regulations for the conduct of the business of the
Philippine Commission," adopted by the Commission at its session of June
sixteenth, nineteen hundred, which provides for the attesting and custody
of the records and official correspondence of the Commission by the Secre-
tary being no longer operative, it was,
On motion, Resolved, That from and after February first, nineteen hun-
dred and three, the Recorder of the Commission, authorized by Act Num-
bered Six hundred and nine, shall attend the sessions of the Commission
and shall prepare and attest its minutes and have custody of the same.
76


77
Except as above set forth, the duties of the Recorder and of the
legislative division have not been fixed by law or resolution of
the legislative body, but rather by orders of the Commission and
of the Executive Secretary. These duties may be briefly sum-
marized as follows: The attendance upon all sessions of the
Commission, both executive and public; the recording of all actions
by the Commission, and of addresses made before it when same are
required; the preparation, certification, indexing, binding, and
custody of the Commission's minutes; the certification and printing
of the Commission's acts, public resolutions, and appointments;
the preparation, for the signature of the Executive Secretary, of
correspondence based upon action of the Commission; the printing,
proofreading, and indexing of the quarterly and annual volumes
of the Commission's legislation in both English and Spanish, and
such other duties as are from time to time assigned. It will be
seen, therefore, that the work of the legislative division pertains
exclusively, as its name would indicate, to that of the Commission.
To this division is referred, for submission to the Commission,
all proposed legislation prepared by the different commissioners
acting as committeemen, and. all correspondence of any nature
calling for action by the legislative body. Such papers are sub-
mitted by the Recorder to the Commission sitting in executive
session.. Upon the enactment of laws,manifold typewritten copies are
at once made and, after certification, are sent forthwith to the Civil
Governor, the Executive Secretary, the Auditor, the Treasurer, the
Attorney-General, the Commanding General of the Division of the
Philippines, and all other officials or persons directly affected by
the law, a letter being prepared for the signature of the Executive
Secretary calling attention to the legislation. Typewritten copies
of all such acts are forwarded to the Secretary of War, over the
signature of the Executive Secretary, by the first mail leaving the
Islands after their enactment. Two printed certified copies are
also forwarded to the Secretary of War at the close of each month.
The acts of the Commission are not engrossed, as is the case with
those of most State legislatures in the United States, but are care-
fully proofread, and several copies of each act are printed on
heavy white ledger paper, one of which copies in the case of each
act is signed by the President of the Commission and attested by
the Recorder. These certified copies are in the custody of the
Recorder and form the official file of the Commission's legislation.


78
In the legislative files in charge of the Recorder there is also kept
all correspondence, and so forth, which forms the basis of legislative
action by the Commission, the same being filed with other papers
relating to the acts passed by the Commission upon the respective
subjects to which they relate.
An important branch of the work of the division is the reporting
of the public sessions of the Commission, which are held from time
to time to discuss measures of general public interest under
consideration by the Commission. Stenographic notes of- all such
discussions are taken in full and are kept on file in the division
for future reference. When so ordered by the Commission, and
in case of discussions of special importance, a verbatim transcript
of the stenographic notes of such sessions is made, but ordinarily
there is incorporated in the minutes merely a summary of the
arguments presented, including all amendments and suggestions
proposed by those addressing the Commission or by the commis-
sioners themselves. This work of reporting becomes rather difficult
at times, due to the well-known policy of the Commission to grant
a full hearing to anyone desiring to address it, no matter of what
nationality, and the cosmopolitan character of Manila's popula-
tion brings forth at times English which it is difficult for the
reporter to follow. Of course, a large portion of the speaking is
done in Spanish, and in such cases the record is made from the
English interpretation. During the past year there have been
public sessions of the Commission upon the following subjects:
Electric street-railway franchise for Manila, one session, held on
October 20, 1902.
The land registration bill, one session, October 20, 1902.
The coastwise trade bill, two sessions, November 12 and 17, 1902.
The granting of various franchises for the extension of the lines
of the Manila Railway Company, Limited, seven sessions, November
12, 1902 (1 session), November 17 (2 sessions), December 2 (1
session), December 8 (2 sessions), and December 16 (1 session).
The bills providing for boards of tax revision, five sessions,
December 10, 15, and 16, 1902 (each 1 session), and January 8,
1903 (2 sessions).
The reception of provincial governors, three sessions, December
21, 23, and 24, 1902.
The seating of Commissioner Smith, one session, January 1,
1903.


79
The bill regulating the practice of dentistry, one session, January
10, 1903.
The bill regulating the practice of pharmacy, five sessions,
January 10, 12, 23, 24, and 26, 1903.
Petition for a general hospital in Manila, one session, January
10, 1903.
The trade-mark bill, four sessions, February 24, 25, and 26, and
March 6, 1903.
The bill forbidding the sale of intoxicating liquors near military
reservations, three sessions, February 24 and 25, and March 6, 1903.
The municipal franchise bill, three sessions, February 24 and
26, and March 6, 1903.
The Chinese registration bill, one session, March 10, 1903.
The opium bill, three sessions, July 8, 9, and 15, 1903.
The Filipino students bill, one session, July 29, 1903.
The bill providing for the inspection of hemp, three sessions,
July 30, and August 10 and 11, 1903.
The purchase of the Oriente Hotel, one session, September 1,
1903.
Making a total, counting each half-day session separately, of
46 public sessions, verbatim reports of which were made. The
public sessions of the Commission have been well attended for
the most part, and at more than half of them practically every
seat in the sessions hall in which they are held has been occupied.
The year has been a very busy one with the legislative body,
and this activity has been naturally reflected by this division.
There have been enacted since October 15, 1902, down to October
1, 1903, 431 laws, Nos. 482 to 912, inclusive, nearly as many as
were enacted by the Commission in the previous two years com-
bined. Acts 482 to 493, inclusive, were forwarded with the last
report of the Commission, leaving 419 acts which have been enacted
subsequent to the last act forwarded with the Commission's report
of last year. Of the 431 laws enacted, 90 have been those making
appropriations; of the remaining 341, many have been measures
which might perhaps be termed temporary or administrative in
their character, affecting as they do only the administration of
the Government or of its branches. This work of administrative
legislation and of appropriations has occupied a very large portion
of the Commission's attention during the past year. Time has
been found, nevertheless, during this period to consider and enact


80
a number of important laws of general interest to the whole public.
Among the more important of these might be mentioned the
following:
No. 496. The Land Registration Act, enacted November 6, 1902.
No. 518. Highway robbery and brigandage defined and penalties
prescribed therefor, enacted November 12, 1902.
No. 519. Vagrancy defined and penalty prescribed therefor, en-
acted November 12, 1902.
No. 520. An act authorizing the issuance of special coastwise
trade licenses to foreign vessels, enacted November 17, 1902.
Nos. 554, 555. Franchises to the Manila Railway Company,
Limited, for railway extension, enacted December 8, 1902.
No. 556. An act authorizing the closing of insolvent banks by
the Insular Treasurer, enacted December 9, 1902.
No. 593. An act regulating the practice of dentistry, enacted
January 10, 1903.
No. 597. An act regulating the practice of pharmacy, enacted
January 26, 1903.
No. 611. An act authorizing the issuance of passports to Phil-
ippine citizens, enacted February 2, 1903.
No. 624. An act prescribing regulations to carry out the mining
law, enacted February 7, 1903.
No. 627. An act regulating the registration, branding, convey-
ance, and slaughter of large cattle, enacted February 9, 1903.
No. 654. An act providing an appeal from decision of a single
judge in habeas corpus proceedings, enacted March 4, 1903.
No. 666. The Trade-Mark Act, enacted March 6, 1903.
No. 667. The Municipal Franchise Act, enacted March 6, 1903.
No. 701. An act regulating mutual benefit and benevolent asso-
ciations, enacted March 27, 1903.
No. 702. An act to carry out the Chinese Regulation Law of
Congress, enacted March 27, 1903.
No. 703. Franchise to the Manila Railway Company, Limited,
for railway extension, enacted March 27, 1903.
No. 780. Examination and licensing of officers of seagoing ves-
sels, enacted May 29, 1903.
No. 787. An act providing a government for the Moro Province,
enacted June 1, 1903.
No. 849. An act providing for the protection of sea buoys and
beacons, enacted August 24, 1903.


81
No. 854. An act providing for the education of Filipino stu-
dents in the United States, enacted August 26, 1903.
The number of sessions held by the Commission, the number
of acts passed, of resolutions adopted, and of appointments made
by the Civil Governor which have been confirmed, together with
the number of pages in the minutes of the Commission in charge
of the Recorder, during the year from October 15, 1902, to Octo-
ber 1, 1903, may be conveniently set forth in the following table:
Months.
1902.
October_____
November _
December __,
1903.
January_____
February. __
March______
April_______
May________
June_______
July_________
August_____
September _
Total.
Sessions.
Execu-
tive.
14
14
24
6
16
9
18
19
24
182
Public.
Acts.
Execu-
tive
34
34
68
31
36
14
22
46
50
421
Public.
10
Resolutions.
Execu-
tive.
33
101
52
103
153
56
156
41
66
109
128
1,006
Public,
Ap-
point-
ments,
execu-
tive.
54
155
69
27
37
59
39
177
64
852
Pages in min-
utes.
Execu-
tive.
"56
87
153
56
114
36
66
102
137
958
Public.
20
22
111
66
42
24
230
23
27
565
SUMMARY.
Number of sessions held:
Executive___________________________________________________________________________ 182
Public_______________________________________________________________________________ 31
Total____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________213
Number of acts passed:
At executive sessions______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________421
At public sessions__________________________________________________________________________________________________10
Total____________________________________________________________________________- 431
Number of resolutions adopted:
At executive sessions_______________________________________________________________1,006
At public sessions_____________________________________________________________________________________________2
Total______________________________________________________________________________1,008
Number of appointments confirmed at executive sessions------------------------------- 852
It will thus be seen that the -Commission has held a total of
213 separate sessions dnring the year. This is hardly exact, how-
ever, in one sense, as in a great many instances two sessions are
held in one day, in which case the minntes for that day are writ-
ten up as if but one session had been held. It is estimated that
the Commission has been formally convened for legislative work
fully 275 times dnring the period covered by this report.
14043-6


82
With a total number of acts passed of 431, and with a total
number of resolutions adopted of 1,008, and of appointments con-
firmed of 852, it will be seen that a total of 2,291 formal actions
or decisions of a legislative character have been taken by the
Commission during the period covered by this report.
As a rule a number of communications are considered by the
Commission in connection with each action taken by it. While
definite figures have not been prepared, it is believed that the
number of papers to each decision will average between two and
three, and upon this basis it is estimated that a total of approxi-
mately 6,000 communications have been considered by the Com-
mission as a legislative body, and handled by this division during
the period under consideration. In addition to this the Commis-
sion has been many times informally convened, or has informally
discussed questions of an executive character brought to its atten-
tion by its members who are executive officials before taking definite
executive action. These informal discussions naturally do not
appear of record in the minutes of the legislative body. The total
number of pages in the minutes of the Commission from the date
of its. appointment to October 1, 1903, including the index thereto,
is 4,933. The minutes have been bound in typewritten legal pages,
in volumes of convenient size, and carefully indexed. A great por-
tion of this index work has been done during the past year, and
to keep the minutes indexed down to date occupies nearly the
entire time of one of the clerks of the division.
By direction of the Commission, the division has been engaged
in making four duplicate copies of these minutes. As nO addi-
tional help was provided for this extra work, it has been impossible,
owing to the volume of current work, to complete this copying.
About 3,000 pages have been completed, however, and it is hoped
that the remainder may be copied in the very near future.
By resolution of the Commission of September 2, 1902, the
preparation of a revised edition -of the Commission's laws down
to September 1, 1902, was directed, the Spanish and the English
texts to be issued in separate volumes. In conformity with this
resolution, this office immediately proceeded to the preparation of
copy for the edition authorized. In preparing copy for this volume,
it was early decided to make the edition somewhat similar to the
statutes of the United States, bearing marginal annotations of the


83
text of the laws, and indicating amendments to the different acts
and sections thereof which had been subsequently made by the
Commission. A tabulated statement of acts which had been
amended prior to the issue of the volume was also prepared. There
was also inserted as an appendix the treaty of Paris, the acts of
Congress affecting the Philippines approved prior to September 1,
1902, and several important general orders of the Military Gov-
ernor which are still in force. The publication of the volume
was considerably delayed on account of the press of other work
in the public printing office. The English edition has just recently
been issued and is now being distributed. The Spanish edition
is being rapidly pushed to completion, and it is hoped that the
same may be issued within the next few months. The Commis-
sion has decided, after inspecting the English edition of the volume
referred to, to issue annually a volume in similar form containing
all of its legislation of the previous year, separate volumes of such
editions in both languages to be issued as in the case of the original
volume.
The necessity of preparing copy for these reprints of the Com-
mission's legislation, as well as of issuing the regular quarterly
volumes of the Commission's laws and resolutions, of proofreading
same and preparing the indexes thereto, has evolved a subdivision
or section of this division which might perhaps be termed the
section of proofreading, printing, and indexing. This work has
been in charge of Mr. David Lewis Cobb, of this division. As the
work of annotation and indexing has progressed, an increasingly
large number of calls for information in regard to the Commis-
sion's legislation have been made on this division by the different
members of the Commission and other officers of the Government.
This section of the division has within the past year carefully
proofread and indexed between 6,000 and 7,000 pages of printed
legislation, about equally divided between the English and Spanish
languages. In the performance of this work over 25,000 index
and amendment cards have been used. In addition to this, indexes
have been prepared for the preliminary number of the Official
Gazette and for the first half year of the same publication. This
work consisted of the reading and indexing of 612 pages of matter.
The native clerical staff of the Official Gazette were also instructed
as to the manner of making future indexes for this publication.


84
The office force of the legislative division on this date is
follows:
Name.
C. W. Calvin______
Carl Remington__.
David Lewis Cobb.
H. E. Partridge____
A. O. Zinn_________
Present
salary.
$2,250
1,800
1,800
1,600
1,600
Name.
Julian M. Lacalle __.
A. James McDonald.
Natus J. Haynes_____
Leoncio L. Espino___
Luis Aguilar_________
Present
salary.
400
1,200
1,200
720
180
The character of the work performed by this division is such as
to demand a high degree of accuracy, and the employees of the
division have not been found wanting in this respect. They have
always been willing and have done a great deal of overtime work
in order to keep up with the current work of the division, which
at times is quite heavy, almost too much so, in fact, for the force
employed. Numerous calls have been made for help in work not
pertaining to the division by different members of the Commission
and by other divisions of the Executive Bureau, and, while the
same have frequently caused a great deal of overtime work, it has
always been performed uncomplainingly. I can do no less than
testify to the efficient and capable manner in which this division's
staff has labored during the past year.
Very respectfully, C. W. Calvin,
Recorder of the Commission.
The Executive Secretary, Manila, P. I.


APPENDIX F.
FIRST ANNUAL REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF THE TRANS-
LATING DIVISION TO THE EXECUTIVE SECRETARY.
Manila, October 1, 1903.
Sir: I have the honor to submit the following report of the
work of the translating division of the Executive Bureau since
its organization to September 30, 1903, inclusive:
Prior to the passage of Act No. 609, enacted January 31, 1903,
the work of translation and interpretation for the Executive Bu-
reau and the office of the Secretary of the Philippine Commission
was done under the supervision of a Spanish secretary in the
latter office and in that of the Executive Secretary. Since its
organization the entire force of translators and interpreters at-
tached to the Executive Bureau and the former office of the
Secretary of the Commission has been reorganized and consolidated
into one office, where all of the work is carried on with the excep-
tion of that of the translator and interpreter who is detailed for
special work in connection with interpretations for the Civil
Governor, the translation of annual reports of provincial governors,
and other work of a special character.
The duties of the translating division may be summarized briefly
as follows:
The translation into Spanish of all acts of the Commission,
executive orders, proclamations and communications of the Civil
Governor and the Executive Secretary addressed to Spanish-
speaking people, and of all matter printed in the Official Gazette
other than that already mentioned, which consists principally of
custom-house decisions and circulars, opinions of the Attorney-
General, reports of the Board of Health, of the Bureaus of Archives,
Agriculture, Education, Mining, and Forestry, of advertisements
for bids from the office of the Insular Purchasing Agent and from
that of the Consulting Engineer to the Commission and of the
Insular Architect. The translations- into English cover a very
wide field, as they consist of all communications addressed in
85


86
Spanish and the native dialects to the Civil Governor, to the Phil-
ippine Commission, and to the Executive Secretary, and of all
bills drafted by the Filipino members of the Commission as well
as reports and recommendations made by them.
The amount of work performed during the period covered by
this report, from October 1, 1902, to September 30, 1903, is as
follows:
Translations from Folios.
English to Spanish................................................................................................................................................................10,864
Spanish to English................................................................................................................................................................32,560
French to English............................................................................................140
Tagalog to English................................................................................................................................................................44
Italian to English....................................................................................................................................................................12
German to English................................................................................................................................................................7
Total translations............................................................................ 43,627
The division has furnished interpreters for public discussions
held during the time covered by this report, extending over 46
public sessions of the Commission and for all executive sessions
of that body. An interpreter from the division has also accom-
panied the Civil Governor in visits made to the provinces during
January and March, 1903, and the Vice-Governor in his visit of
inspection to the Province of Albay during last July, and 'upon
all other occasions when an interpreter was required by the Civil
Governor or any member of the Commission.
Since the consolidation of the office of the Secretary of the Com-
mission with the Executive Bureau, the translating division had
had charge of the work of reviewing the native and Spanish press.
This work, formerly carried on independently by Mr. Manuel
Argiielles and one assistant, is still continued, although it is not as
important at present as it formerly was, owing to the more settled
condition of affairs in the Islands. The amount of work turned
ont by Mr. Argiielles averaged about four folios a day.
The translating division has suffered very severely from casual-
ties during the present year, and its efficiency has been greatly im-
paired thereby. Its former chief, Senor Don Francisco J. Yanes, who
held the office of Spanish secretary of the Commission, a gentleman
of rare linguistic accomplishments and peculiarly fitted for the work
intrusted to him, was obliged to resign in order that he might
accompany his family to the United States, as his wife's health


87
and his own had greatly suffered from the effects of this climate.
Mr. Yanes' resignation has been a distinct loss to the service. Mr.
William E. Twight, who had been the interpreter of the Military
Governor from 1899 until the establishment of Civil Government,
and of the Civil Governor from February, 1903, was forced,
because of his failing health, to leave the Archipelago to recuperate.
After spending several months in the United States and Europe
in a vain search for health he returned to Manila and died a few
days after, August "26, last. It was found necessary to relieve
Mr. F. F. Barker from duty in the translating division prior to
its reorganization, in order that he might devote his entire time as
clerk to matters pertaining to provincial and municipal administra-
tion, which are, in a great part, necessarily transacted in the
Spanish language. Mr. Sutherland, former expert translator, who
had been brought from the United States, was selected to take
charge of the Filipino students who were about to leave for the
United States. In addition to these permanent losses in the
personnel of this division one translator has been severely ill for
more than a month, while another is very ill, convalescing after
an attack of Asiatic cholera. Aside from all this Mr. Leo Fischer,
another expert translator, was absent during four months and a
half on leave, so that the force of this division has always been
reduced to a minimum, while the work has continued steadily to
increase.
The present force of the division is made up of experienced men,
some of whom have been with the Civil Government since its
organization and who would be hard to replace.
Every attempt possible has been made to secure additional com-
petent translators, both here and in the United States, but without
success. Some who have passed the civil-service examination have
been deficient in practical work to the extent that their services
could not be made use of by the division.
The majority of translations from English to Spanish are of a
strictly technical nature which require not only thorough pro-
ficiency in both languages but also legal training and-a very wide
comprehensive academic education, and the translations from Span-
ish to English are difficult in that the majority of the documents
presented in the former language are so faulty in their construction
that they are in many cases almost impossible to understand.


88
The office force of the translating division on this date is as
follows:
Name.
Present
salary.
Name.
Present
salary.
R. D. Fergusson_________
Manuel Cabeza de Vaca.
Leo Fischer______________
Manuel Arguelles_______
John B. Santalo_________
Wiliam N. Mahon_______
$2,250
1,800
1,800
1,500
1,200
1,200
Carrie F. Mahon____
Manuel Reyes_______
Alcibiades Gimenez
Elias T. Zamora_____
Mariano Rebaya____
$1,200
900
720
420
180
In a vain attempt to keep up with the current work of the division
the employees have put in a great deal of overtime. The amount
of work performed, taking into consideration its special character
and the high standard required, testifies to the industry of the force
which has always worked when the exigencies of the case demanded
it out of office hours uncomplainingly.
Respectfully submitted.
R. D. Fergusson,
Chief Translator.
The Executive Secretary.


APPENDIX G.
PROPERTY DIVISION.
Manila, P. I., September 30, 1903.
Sir: In compliance with your verbal instructions, I have the
honor to submit a report of the affairs of this division, embracing
the property accountability of the entire Bureau, for the period from
October 1, 1902, to October 1, 1903, as follows:
Organization and personnel.Chief of division, Arthur K. Jones
(from September 23, 1903); distribution clerk, J. Preysler (sus-
pended September 23, 1903); mailing clerk, Antonio Munian;
document clerk, Juan Cabahero, and six messengers.
Correspondence.Entire Bureau (excluding printed matter),
54,117 papers.
Philippine publications.
Publication.
Received.
Distrib-
uted.
Sold.
Laws of the Commission, pamphlet__________
Laws of the Commission, quarterly volumes _
Executive Orders, pamphlet__________________
Executive Orders, volumes____________________
Proclamations, pamphlet_____________________
Reports of Departments, pamphlet___________
,338,000
21,000
154,500
1,000
20,500
2,250
906,901
9,266
102,493
~~14~532
1,200
2,515
Total.
1,537,250
1,035,362
2,515
Receipts from sales, $1,224.77, United States currency.
United States and foreign publications.
Publication.
Re-
ceived.
Distrib-
uted.
Reports of the Philippine Commission, 1902, two parts (War Depart-
ment) ______>------------------------------------------------------------
Documents, Senate and House of Representatives, United States-------
Supreme Court Reports, United States__________________________________
Foreign publications_____________________________________________________
Total_______________________________________________________________
1,740
20,000
744
50
22,534
100
100
89


90
Philippine, United, States, and foreign publications received during the period
designated.
Copies.
Grand total____________________________________________________ 1, 559,784
Philippine, United States, and foreign publications distributed
and sold during that period__________________________________ 1, 037,977
Balance________________________________________________________________________________________________521, 807
Publications not included in that period________________________________________________6,000
Old Spanish laws, translations____________________________________________________________________12,000
On hand as per inventory______________________________________________________________539,807
The increasing business of 'this division some months ago began
to demand additional office and storage space, which has been made
available recently on the first floor of the Aynntamiento Building.
In addition to the printed public documents, there will be in the
custody of this office the manuscripts and other documents and
books which will be secured by the Collecting Librarian in Spain
and elsewhere. Already a small consignment has been received, and
it is understood that further shipments have been made and are en
route here. Provisional arrangements have been made for the care
of this valuable property which will meet present necessities.
The personnel of the division consists of 1 American and 9
Filipino employees. This would be sufficient nnder normal condi-
tions, but by reason of absence due to leave of absence in the United
States, suspension, and illness, it has been necessary to work much
overtime in order that publications might be given the prompt dis-
tribution their character has demanded.
In addition to the custody and distribution of printed public
documents, the immediate charge of the furniture, supplies, and
property of the Executive Bureau and Ayuntamiento Building has
been assigned to this division. During the period covered by this
report there has been a notable improvement, as compared with the
preceding year, in both the quality of supplies and the promptitude
with which they have been furnished by the Insular Purchasing
Agent and the local market.
Very respectfully, * Arthur K. Jones,
Chief of Division.
The Executive Secretary, Manila, P. I.


APPENDIX H.
RECORDS DIVISION.
Manila, October I, 1903.
Sir : I have the honor to submit the following report of the work
of this division for the year ending September 30, 1903 :
During the period above mentioned there has been completed
the organization of the division and its equipment in respect of
file cases. As now organized the division comprises six sections,
viz, briefing, searching, indexing, examining, recording, and filing.
Its personnel consists of 25 clerks and 1 messenger. Of these
employees 14 are Americans and 12 are Filipinos.
There -has been a constant increase in the volume of work
developing upon this division, as is apparent from the fact that
there have been recorded during the year just ended more than
28,000 communications, as against 19,000 for the preceding twelve
months. There have been used nearly 150,000 cards in indexing
this year's records, and the card index of the preceding year has
been transcribed on typewritten sheets and bound for reference.
By the consolidation of the office of the Secretary of the Com-
mission with this Bureau on February 1 last, there came over to
this division several thousand records, which are being indexed
and filed as rapidly as the current work will permit.
In addition to the work of recording, this division has performed
an increasing amount of labor which ordinarily does not come
within the jurisdiction of a record office, but is closely related
thereto. The work referred to is the preparation of memoranda
and digests of records for the information of officials and other
divisions of this Bureau.
The increase in work, together with casualties in the service, has
made it at times very difficult to keep up the personnel of the
division to a satisfactory standard, either as to numbers or quality,
because of the scarcity of good material. It has seemed best, for
91


92
sufficient reasons, to make this division a preparatory school from
which clerks are drawn for other branches of the Bureau, with
the result that there have been, on that account also, many changes
in personnel. The work of training Filipinos for office work in
the English language has given encouraging results.
Very respectfully,
Sidney Thomas,
Chief of Division.
The Executive Secretary.


APPENDIX J.
REPORTS ON ROAD AND BRIDGE CONGRESSIONAL
RELIEF WORK.
ANTIQUE. /
San Jose de Buenavista, October 1, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Impossible to make complete report as requested by your telegram
of September 28. Rice has been distributed to nearly every town in
province, but reports from persons in charge are not yet in, so can
not state how much relief-fund rice has been used.
Salazar., Acting Governor.
BATANG-AS.
Batangas, October 1, 1903.
Eergusson, Executive Secretary, Manila:
Report road and bridge Congressional relief fund, September 1 to
September 30,* inclusive (work commenced September 1) :
Ibaan-Taysan road.Repair 6 miles cleared and 2 culverts; 74
laborers, 97J picnls.
Balayan-Tuy-Nasugbu road.Repairs, 1 ford and 3 miles
opened; 87 laborers, 86J piculs.
Lemery-Calaca road.Two miles reconstructed, 2 culverts; 149
laborers, 126 piculs.
Rosario-Tiaong road.Four miles graded; 42 laborers, 49 piculs.
Lipa-Alaminos road.Two miles graded; 65 laborers, 59£ piculs.
Batangas-Talahib road.One ford, miles new road; 80 labor-
ers, 59f picnls.
Batangas-San Jose road.Repairs, 1 culvert; 31 laborers, 33^
piculs.
Road and culvert material purchased, 26 pienls.
Transportation of rice to different pueblos, 45 carretons, 63 pic-
uls; total, 600^ piculs; rice received, 4,000 piculs; rice on hand,
3,400 piculs.
93


94
Owing to harvesting of rice and corn during September and Oc-
tober, labor in exchange for- rice is more difficult to obtain than it
will be two weeks hence.
Luz, Governor.
BENGUET.
Baguio, September 30, 1903.
Hon. A. W. Fergusson,
Executive-Secretary, Manila, P. I.
Sir: In compliance with your telegraphic order September 28,
I have the honor to report that I have expended from the executive
fund in my hands, namely, 1*2,000, f*290.72 to polistas for trans-
porting rice to Baguio, leaving a balance in my hands of 1*1,709.28.
While some work has been done by native sawyers here at Bagtlio,
to whom I have furnished rice for subsistence, I can not properly
report the same, owing to the fact that Mr. Rowell, superintendent
of construction, is not on the ground to give vouchers for the rice
thus furnished. I mean that I have furnished this rice on my own
responsibility. Of course, as soon as he returns, the. vouchers will
be furnished, the check made, and report will be made to you on the
1st of the month following. For the money already expended I sent
vouchers this date to Mr. Lampman, disbursing officer of the Execu-
tive Bureau.
Very respectfully, William F. Pack,
Provincial Governor.
BULACAN.
Malolos, October 1, 1903.
The Executive Secretary, Manila, P. I.:
Replying to your wire of September 28, relating to work made on
roads and bridges for rice, state as follows:
Malolos-Hagonoy.One mile good road and 16 bridge ap-
proaches constructed; 110 piculs.
Barasoain-Quingua.Three and one-half miles of gravel road
were put in first-class condition; 53 piculs.
Malolos-Calanate.Three-fourths mile of first-class gravel road,
new; 33 piculs.
Pulilan-Baliuag.Three miles wornout gravel road put in first-
class condition; 354 piculs.


95
Malolos-Santa Isabel.Two miles fair gravel road; 51 piculs.
Malolos-Bulacan-Guiguinto.Two bridge approaches, one-half
mile Telford road resurfaced; 109 piculs of rice.
Two hundred to 800 men were employed daily. No trouble was
experienced in securing or keeping laborers. Foremen were paid
money. Some provincial money was spent in connection with rice,
as some materials could not be purchased with rice.
Besides the above, work is under way on the following roads, but
no payments have been reported by the municipal officers who have
charge of this work. Six hundred to 700 piculs will be paid on these
roads.
Baliuag-San Miguel, Bustos-Angat, Polo-Station of Polo, Bo-
caue-Santa Maria are being done by contract. Contract price of
gravel placed on road eight-twenty-seventh of 1 picul per cubic
meter. No payments were made as yet.
Pablo Tecson, Governor of Bulacan.
CAGAYAN..
Tuguegarao, October 1, 1903.
Civil Governor, Manila:
In reply to your telegram of the 28th of September, I would state
that 3,400 are'at present working on the road from Tuguegarao to
Iguig. The work on roads and bridges which has been done so far
and that which is being done is paid out of provincial funds. The
province did not ask for rice or other succor from relief fund for
that work, according to report of supervisor.
Gonzaga, Governor.
CAVITE.
Cavite, October 1, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
Road from Naic to Indang, about 14 miles, has been repaired
and put in good shape at a cost of about 14,000 pesos. Bridges
and a part of the road between Indang and Silang have been
repaired at a cost of about 500 pesos; work still continued. Road
from Binacayan through Imus toward Dasmarinas is now being
repaired. Total rice from relief fund paid out is 298 piculs,


96
which does not include a considerable quantity due for latter half
of September. Work on road is now being pressed as much as
practicable.
Shanks, Governor.
CEBIT.
Cebu, October 1, 1903.
Hon. Governor Taft, Manila:
Rice arrived August 17, work started August 28; about 4,000
yards of road and 2 bridges completed; about 27,000 pounds of
rice expended. Rice on sale in three interior towns; reports of
sales not in yet. When reports are in can give exact figures.
Climaco, Governor.
ILOCOS SUB.
Vigan, September 30, 1903.
Executive Secretary, Manila:
In compliance with your telegram of September 28, amount of
money spent on roads and bridges in this province for year ending
June 30, 1903, was $19,232.96, Mexican, and $1,343.62, United
States currency. Since July 1, up to September 30, 1903, spent
on the same work the sum of $7,503.09, Mexican. None of money
paid out of the relief fund.
Crisologo, Governor.
ILOILO.
Iloilo, October 1, 1903.
Fergusson, Executive Secretary, Manila:
Rice expended for wages of laborers, 2,623 cavanes, 9 gantas and
6 chupas. Expended for material, 11 cavanes and 17 gantas.
Length of the roads repaired, 12,600 feet. After the low places
had been filled in the roadbed wras raised three feet above its former
level and canals were dug on both sides of the road, the depth of
which is from 2 to 3 feet, width 30 feet. Length of road where
stones were used, 1,800 feet.
Delgado, Provincial Governor.


Full Text

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SECON D ANNUA L REPOR T O F TH E EXECUTIV E SECRETAR Y T O TH E CIVI L GOVERNOR YEA R ENDE D SEPTEMBE R 30 1903 MANILA : BUREA U O F PUBLI C PRINTING 1904

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SECON D ANNUA L REPOR T O F TH E EXECUTIV E SECRETAR Y T O TH E CIVI L GOVERNOR YEA R ENDE D SEPTEMBE R 30 1903 MANILA : BUREA U O F PUBLI C PRINTING 1904 1404 3

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SECON D ANNUA L REPOR T O F TH E EXECUTIV E SECRETAR Y T O TH E CIVI L GOVERNOR MANILA P I. October 1, 1903. SIR : I hav e th e hono r t o submi t th e followin g repor t o f th e wor k o f th e Executiv e Burea u fo r th e yea r endin g Septembe r 30 1903 : Th e firs t annua l report whic h covere d th e perio d fro m th e inauguratio n o f th e Civi l Government Jul y 4 1901 t o Septembe r 30 1902 recite d th e dutie s an d function s o f thi s Burea u a s pro vide d b y la w an d develope d i n practic e durin g tha t period A fe w mor e word s upo n thi s subjec t ma y no t b e amis s a s throwin g ligh t upo n th e governmenta l machin e tha t ha s bee n evolve d an d pu t i n motio n i n thes e Islands patterne d after bu t differin g i n a consid r erabl e degre e from th e grea t democrati c mechanis m know n a s th e Governmen t a t Washington SCOP E O F BUREAU' S WORK Unde r th e presen t organizatio n o f th e Insula r Governmen t th e jurisdictio n o f th e Executive Burea u i s i n fac t tha t o f a depart men t rathe r tha n a bureau fo r i n th e performanc e o f dutie s speci ficall y fixe d b y la w a s wel l a s pursuan t t o th e genera l provisio n "t o assis t th e Civi l Governo r i n hi s executiv e duties, th e Executive Burea u i s require d t o discharg e man y o f th e function s o f a n Executiv e Departmen t unde r th e Federa l Governmen t o f th e Unite d States Lik e th e Departmen t o f State i t publishe s th e law s an d resolution s o f th e centra l legislativ e authority, ; £n d proclamations grant s an d issues'passports ; ha s th e custod y o f th e grea t sea l o f th e Government ; countersign s an d affixe s thi s sea l t o al l executiv e proclamations t o variou s commissions an d t o warrant s fo r th e extraditio n o f fugitive s fro m justice ; an d conduct s correspondenc e wit h consula r representative s o f foreig n power s accredite d t o th e Islands Th e offic e o f th e Improvemen t o f th e Por t o f Manil a fall s withi n th e jurisdictio n o f thi s Bureau unde r th e directio n o f th e Civi l 3

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4 Governor an d i n thi s respec t a t leas t on e o f th e function s o f th e Wa r Departmen t i s discharged Th e assignment relief an d trans fer s o f judge s o f Court s o f Firs t Instance an d t o a degre e o f othe r officer s o f th e judiciar y o f th e Islands impos e upo n thi s offic e dutie s o f a characte r whic h unde r th e Federa l Governmen t devolv e upo n th e Departmen t o f Justice Th e constan t increas e i n demand s upo n th e tim e o f th e Civi l Governo r rendere d i t necessar y fo r thi s offic e t o assume unde r hi s direction th e supervisio n o f provincia l an d municipa l governments includin g tha t o f th e cit y o f Manila i n whic h regar d th e Executiv e Burea u perform s dutie s analogou s to thoug h mor e extensiv e than thos e o f th e Departmen t o f th e Interio r i n it s exercis e o f certai n power s an d dutie s in relatio n t o th e Territorie s o f th e Unite d States I t has a s well departmenta l contro l a s exercise d unde r th e Federa l Governmen t o f th e Unite d State s b y th e offic e o f th e President ove r independen t an d unassigne d bureau s an d office s whic h a t thi s tim e ar e th e Bureau s o f th e Philippin e Civi l Servic e Boar d an d Insula r Purchasin g Agent an d th e office s o f th e Im provemen t o f th e Port th e St Loui s Expositio n Board an d th e Collectin g Libraria n o f th e Insula r Government Interdepart menta l busines s i s transacte d throug h thi s office s o tha t i n man y way s i t merit s th e designatio n recentl y give n b y on e wh o terme d i t "th e clearin g hous e o f th e Government. Durin g th e absenc e o f th e Secretar y o f Commerc e an d Polic e i n th e Unite d State s th e Bureau s o f tha t Departmen t wer e attache d fo r administrativ e purpose s t o thi s office ; an d fro m Apri l 9 whe n th e Civi l Governo r wen t t o Baguio Benguet an d whil e th e Com missio n wa s i n sessio n ther e fro m Ma y 1 1 t o Jun e 2 1903 i t be cam e necessar y fo r thi s Burea u t o ac t frequentl y upo n importan t matter s o f a n urgen t characte r fallin g withi n th e jurisdictio n o f al l th e othe r Department s an d i n respec t o f whic h i t wa s imprac ticable t o awai t instruction s b y pos t whe n telegraphi c communica tio n wa s interrupted Th e supervisor y contro l an d directio n o f provincia l government s referre d t o abov e carrie s wit h i t th e obligatio n t o solv e countles s problem s o f administrativ e organizatio n an d operations an d bring s th e Burea u int o close r contac t wit h th e nearl y 7,000,00 0 inhabi tant s o f th e Archipelag o tha n an y departmen t o r othe r offic e o f th e Centra l Government A grea t shar e o f thi s wor k i s i n th e for m o f origina l request s fo r decision s upo n matter s no t clearl y fallin g

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5 withi n th e purvie w o f an y Department an d appeal s t o th e Civi l Governo r an d th e Commissio n fro m decision s b y thos e Departments LA W CLERK Withi n th e origina l jurisdictio n o f thi s offic e lie s th e revie w o f proceeding s i n case s involvin g charge s agains t Governmen t officials includin g provincia l an d municipa l official s an d justice s o f th e peace Th e importan t wor k o f translating digesting an d prepar in g th e voluminou s record s i n thes e cases wit h recommendation s a s t o disposition i s assigne d t o th e la w cler k o f th e Bureau whos e repor t i s herewit h submitte d (Appendi x A) fro m whic h ma y b e obtaine d a mor e adequat e conceptio n tha n ma y b e her e conveye d o f th e portio n o f th e wor k o f th e offic e assigne d t o him CHANGE S I N PROVINCIA L BOUNDARIES Th e formativ e period s o fa r a s i t relate s t o provincia l adminis tration—i n man y respect s th e mos t importan t facto r i n th e wor k o f th e Bureau—mus t necessaril y exten d ove r severa l years an d th e necessit y fo r consolidatio n an d reorganizatio n i n th e interes t o f econom y an d goo d administratio n ha s demande d an d receive d ac tio n i n severa l instance s durin g th e year Th e followin g change s hav e bee n mad e i n th e boundarie s o f organize d province s durin g th e yea r unde r review : B y includin g tha t portio n o f Nuev a Ecij a whic h extende d t o th e ocea n an d la y betwee n wha t wer e unde r Spanis h governmen t th e district s o f Infant a an d Principe th e Provinc e o f Tayaba s wa s give n continuit y o f territor y o n th e Pacifi c coas t an d a sligh t extensio n t o th e northwar d b y th e addi tio n o f a portio n o f souther n Isabela B y ac t o f Novembe r 10 1902 th e organizatio n o f th e Provinc e o f Marinduqu e wa s discontinue d an d it s territory wit h th e exceptio n o f th e Islan d o f Mindoro merge d i n th e Provinc e o f Tayabas Th e Provinc e o f Mindor o wa s the n establishe d t o consis t o f th e Islan d o f Mindor o an d smal l adjacen t islands includin g th e Islan d o f Luban Th e limit s o f th e Provinc e o f Paragu a wer e extende d b y ac t o f Ma y 14 1903 t o includ e th e entir e Islan d o f Paragua th e Island s o f Dumara n an d Balabac th e Calamiane s Islands th e Cuyo s Islands th e Caga vane s Islands an d al l adjacen t island s no t include d withi n th e limit s o f an y othe r province CIVI L RUL E EXTENDE D THROUGHOU T ARCHIPELAGO B y th e creatio n o f th e Mor o Provinc e b y Ac t o f Jun e 1 1903 whic h wen t int o effec t o n Jul y 15 fro m portion s o f th e Province s

PAGE 8

4 Governor an d i n thi s respec t a t leas t on e o f th e function s o f th e Wa r Departmen t i s discharged Th e assignment relief an d trans fer s o f judge s o f Court s o f Firs t Instance an d t o a degre e o f othe r officer s o f th e judiciar y o f th e Islands impos e upo n thi s offic e dutie s o f a characte r whic h unde r th e Federal Governmen t devolv e upo n th e Departmen t o f Justice Th e constan t increas e i n demand s upo n th e tim e o f th e Civi l Governo r rendere d i t necessar y fo r thi s offic e t o assume unde r hi s direction th e supervisio n o f provincia l an d municipa l governments includin g tha t o f th e cit y o f Manila i n whic h regar d th e Executiv e Burea u perform s dutie s analogou s to thoug h mor e extensiv e than thos e o f th e Departmen t o f th e Interio r i n it s exercis e o f certai n power s an d dutie s in relatio n t o th e Territorie s o f th e Unite d States I t has a s well departmenta l contro l a s exercise d unde r th e Federa l Governmen t o f th e Unite d State s b y th e offic e o f th e President ove r independen t an d unassigne d bureau s an d office s whic h a t thi s tim e ar e th e Bureau s o f th e Philippin e Civi l Servic e Boar d an d Insula r Purchasin g Agent *an d th e office s o f th e Im provemen t o f th e Port th e St Loui s Expositio n Board an d th e Collectin g Libraria n o f th e Insula r Government Interdepart menta l busines s i s transacte d throug h thi s office s o tha t i n man y way s i t merit s th e designatio n recentl y give n b y on e wh o terme d i t "th e clearin g hous e o f th e Government. Durin g th e absenc e o f th e Secretar y o f Commerc e an d Polic e i n th e Unite d State s th e Bureau s o f tha t Departmen t wer e attache d fo r administrativ e purpose s t o thi s office ; an d fro m Apri l 9 whe n th e Civi l Governo r wen t t o Baguio Benguet an d whil e th e Com missio n wa s i n sessio n ther e fro m Ma y 1 1 t o Jun e 2 1903 i t be cam e necessar y fo r thi s Burea u t o ac t frequentl y upo n importan t matter s o f a n urgen t characte r fallin g withi n th e jurisdictio n o f al l th e othe r Department s an d i n respec t o f whic h i t wa s imprac ticabl e t o awai t instruction s b y pos t whe n telegraphi c communica tio n wa s interrupted Th e supervisor y contro l an d directio n o f provincia l government s referre d t o abov e carrie s wit h i t th e obligatio n t o solv e countles s problem s o f administrativ e organizatio n an d operations, an d bring s th e Burea u int o close r contac t wit h th e nearl y 7,000,00 0 inhabi tant s o f th e Archipelag o tha n an y departmen t o r othe r offic e o f th e Centra l Government A grea t shar e o f thi s wor k i s i n th e for m o f origina l request s fo r decision s upo n matter s no t clearl y fallin g

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5 withi n th e purvie w o f an y Department an d appeal s t o th e Civi l Governo r an d th e Commissio n fro m decision s b y thos e Departments LA W CLERK Withi n th e origina l jurisdictio n o f thi s offic e lie s th e revie w o f proceeding s i n case s involvin g charge s agains t Governmen t officials includin g provincia l an d municipa l official s an d justice s o f th e peace Th e importan t wor k o f translating digesting an d prepar in g th e voluminou s record s i n thes e cases wit h recommendation s a s t o disposition i s assigne d t o th e la w cler k o f th e Bureau whos e repor t i s herewit h submitte d (Appendi x A) fro m whic h ma y b e obtaine d a mor e adequat e conceptio n tha n ma y b e her e conveye d o f th e portio n o f th e wor k o f th e offic e assigne d t o him CHANGE S I N PROVINCIA L BOUNDARIES Th e formativ e period s o fa r a s i t relate s t o provincia l adminis tration—i n man y respect s th e mos t importan t facto r i n th e wor k o f th e Bureau—must necessaril y exten d ove r severa l years an d th e necessit y fo r consolidatio n an d reorganizatio n i n th e interes t o f econom y an d goo d administratio n ha s demande d an d receive d ac tio n i n severa l instance s durin g th e year Th e followin g change s hav e bee n mad e i n th e boundarie s o f organize d province s durin g th e yea r unde r review : B y includin g tha t portio n o f Nuev a Ecij a whic h extende d t o th e ocea n an d la y betwee n wha t wer e unde r Spanis h governmen t th e district s o f Infant a an d Principe th e Provinc e o f Tayaba s wa s give n continuit y o f territor y o n th e Pacifi c coas t an d a sligh t extensio n t o th e northwar d b y th e addi tio n o f a portio n o f souther n Isabela B y ac t o f Novembe r 10 1902 th e organizatio n o f th e Provinc e o f Marinduqu e wa s discontinue d an d it s territory wit h th e exceptio n o f th e Islan d o f Mindoro merge d i n th e Provinc e o f Tayabas Th e Provinc e o f Mindor o wa s the n establishe d t o consis t o f th e Islan d o f Mindor o an d smal l adjacen t islands includin g th e Islan d o f Luban Th e limit s o f th e Provinc e o f Paragu a wer e extende d b y ac t o f Ma y 14 1903 t o includ e th e entir e Islan d o f Paragua th e Island s o f Dumara n an d Balabac th e Calamiane s Islands th e Cuyo s Islands th e Caga vane s Islands an d al l adjacen t island s no t include d withi n th e limit s o f an y othe r province CIVI L RUL E EXTENDE D THROUGHOU T ARCHIPELAGO B y th e creatio n o f th e Mor o Provinc e b y Ac t o f Jun e 1 1903 whic h wen t int o effec t o n Jul y 15 fro m portion s o f th e Province s

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6 o f Misami s an d Snrigao th e theretofor e unorganize d territor y o f th e Islan d o f Mindanao th e Jol o an d Tawi-Taw i groups an d ad jacen t island s th e provincia l organizatio n o f th e entir e Archipelag o wa s completed Th e Governmen t o f th e Philippin e Island s no w comprise s fort y province s an d th e cit y o f Manila th e capita l o f th e Archipelago whic h i s wholl y independen t o f an y provincia l government Thirty fou r o f th e province s ar e organize d unde r th e Provincia l Govern men t Ac t (Ac t No 83 ) an d elec t thei r governor o f who m thirty-on e ar e Filipino s an d thre e Americans Th e remainin g si x ar e organ ize d unde r specia l act s an d thei r governor s ar e appointe d b y th e Civi l Governo r wit h th e advic e an d consen t o f th e Philippin e Commission ; thre e o f thes e ar e civilian s an d thre e commissione d officer s o f th e Unite d State s Army Al l ar e Americans MUNICIPA L ORGANIZATIO N AN D STATISTICS I n additio n t o th e revie w o f proceeding s agains t municipa l officials befor e provincia l board s o n charge s o f officia l misconduc t man y question s involvin g municipa l administratio n reac h thi s offic e fo r solution A t presen t ther e ar e 1,03 5 organize d municipal ities bu t a materia l reductio n wil l resul t fro m th e consolidatio n no w i n progres s b y whic h man y o f th e smalle r an d financiall y wea k ar e t o b e merge d i n adjacen t stronge r one s wit h a vie w t o bette r economi c administration A s no w constitute d th e municipalitie s o f th e Archipelago exceptin g th e Mor o Provinc e an d Lepanto Bontoc fro m whic h return s hav e no t bee n receive d a s yet com pris e 14,09 7 barrios I n additio n t o th e president secretary treasurer an d councilor s wh o ar e electe d b y th e peopl e o r otherwis e selecte d b y loca l authorit y a s provide d b y law ther e i s i n eac h municipalit y a justic e an d auxiliar y justic e o f th e peac e wh o ar e appointe d b y th e Civi l Governo r wit h th e advic e an d consen t o f th e Commission Owin g t o th e larg e numbe r o f thes e officials togethe r wit h th e man y other s similarl y appointe d an d th e constan t change s du e t o variou s causes a considerabl e offic e forc e i s require d t o kee p th e appointmen t correspondenc e an d recor d wor k u p t o date Cor recte d roster s ar e kep t o f provincia l an d municipa l officers justice s an d auxiliar y justice s o f th e peace notarie s public a s wel l a s miscellaneou s insula r officials

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7 CONGRESSIONA L RELIE F FUND Doubtles s tha t whic h ha s taxe d th e resource s o f thi s Burea u mos t durin g th e pas t yea r ha s bee n th e wor k o f carryin g ou t th e details pursuan t t o th e directio n o f th e Civi l Governo r an d Com mission o f relie f provide d b y Congres s i n it s appropriatio n o f $3,000,00 0 b y Ac t approve d Marc h 3 1903 i n th e distributio n o f ric e t o b e use d i n paymen t fo r labo r o n road s an d othe r publi c work s an d i n th e destructio n o f locusts ; i n connectio n wit h th e importa tio n o f animal s for agricultura l work an d i n othe r measure s lookin g t o th e permanen t a s wel l a s immediat e relie f an d develop men t o f agricultur e i n th e Islands I n thi s connectio n order s hav e bee n issue d fro m thi s Burea u distributin g 182,53 8 piculs o r 25,098,97 5 pounds o f ric e t o th e variou s province s durin g th e perio d fro m Novembe r 4 1902 t o Septembe r 30 1903 inclusive unde r authorit y o f Act s Nos 49 5 an d 78 6 o f th e Philippin e Commission th e distributio n havin g bee n a s follows : Piculs Fo r sal e (Ac t 495 ) 79,71 7 Destructio n o f locust s 31,65 9 Roa d wor k an d othe r publi c improvement s 70,75 5 182,13 1 Fre e 40 7 Tota l 182,53 8 LOCUS T PLAGUE Th e plagu e o f locust s i n twenty-thre e o f th e province s durin g th e las t yea r ha s bee n mor e sever e tha n usual th e onl y province s unaffecte d b y i t thu s fa r bein g Bataan Benguet Bohol Cebu Masbate Paragua an d Sorsogon O n Augus t 3 1903 th e Philip pin e Commission b y Ac t No 817 create d a boar d t o b e mad e u p o f th e provincia l boar d an d thre e agriculturists t o b e appointe d b y th e Civi l Governor t o b e know n a s th e locus t board whic h wa s empowere d t o issu e regulation s directin g th e conduc t an d con trollin g th e operation s o f th e able-bodie d inhabitant s i n suppressin g th e plagu e o f locust s i n province s threatene d wit h th e same Incomplet e report s (Appendi x B ) receive d fro m thes e locus t board s sho w tha t i n twenty-thre e o f th e province s upward s o f 17,003,25 2 pounds o r 8,501 § tons o f locust s wer e destroye d betwee n th e dat e

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8 o f th e passag e o f th e ac t mentione d an d Septembe r 30 th e greates t numbe r havin g bee n destroye d i n Occidenta l Negro s (6,930,00 0 pounds) L a Unio n (1,590,73 7 pounds) Bulaca n (1,534,97 5 pounds) an d Riza l (1,198,86 2 pounds) Th e report s fro m Abra x\ntique Capiz an d Isabela date d subsequen t t o Octobe r 1 hav e bee n include d i n Appendi x B i n orde r t o hav e n o brea k i n th e lis t o f provinces FOO D SITUATIO N I N PROVINCES I n orde r t o ascertai n th e foo d situatio n i n th e province s tele gram s wer e addresse d o n Jun e 1 6 las t t o al l provincia l governor s an d answer s receive d fro m them whic h ar e heret o appended (Appendi x C. ) DISTRIBUTIO N O F CARABAOS Hundred s o f telegram s hav e bee n receive d an d sen t preliminar y t o th e distributio n o f carabao s whic h i s no w abou t t o commence I n th e Unite d State s a specia l burea u undoubtedl y woul d hav e bee n create d fo r al l thi s work .Her e i t i s impracticabl e t o creat e suc h a bureau an d fo r man y reason s th e dut y o f centra l directio n naturall y devolve d upo n thi s office TRANSPORTATIO N O F GOVERNMEN T EMPLOYEES Legislatio n passe d b y th e Commissio n Marc h 23 1903 provide d tha t th e Executiv e Secretar y shal l issu e t o Governmen t officials employees an d member s o f thei r immediat e familie s officia l trans portatio n request s o n commercia l steamshi p an d railwa y line s unde r th e term s o f a n agreemen t entere d int o betwee n suc h trans portatio n companie s an d th e Burea u o f Insula r Affair s o f th e Wa r Department Arm y transpor t facilitie s havin g bee n practicall y withdrawn Th e arrangemen t ha s bee n i n effec t les s tha n seve n months an d durin g tha t perio d ther e hav e bee n issue d b y th e Executiv e Secretar y t o civi l employee s an d member s o f thei r fami lies includin g fiancees 16 9 steamshi p transportatio n request s an d 6 8 railwa y transportatio n requests providin g fo r transportatio n fro m Manil a t o variou s point s i n th e Unite d State s fo r 20 9 persons 4 2 pe r cen t o f who m wer e teachers Sixtee n o f th e above-men tione d officia l request s wer e issue d a t th e expens e o f th e Insula r Governmen t t o officer s o r employee s entitle d t o travelin g expense s eithe r b y la w o r unde r thei r contracts Fo r thos e no t s o issue d ther e ha s bee n pai d int o th e Executive Burea u th e su m o f

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9 $20,162.50 Unite d State s currency o r a n averag e o f approxi matel y $3,00 0 pe r month which i n accordanc e wit h law i s de posite d i n th e Insula r Treasur y t o th e credi t o f th e appropriatio n "Insula r salar y an d expens e fund, fro m whic h th e steamshi p an d railwa y companie s ar e pai d b y th e Government PASSPORTS Prio r t o Februar y 2 1903 ther e wa s n o provisio n o f la w unde r whic h thi s Governmen t migh t issu e passport s t o citizen s o f th e Philippin e Inland s desirin g t o trave l i n foreig n countries I t ha s bee n th e practic e t o furnis h suc h person s an d citizen s o f th e Unite d States upo n request letter s o f identificatio n an d introductio n t o diplomati c an d consula r officer s o f th e Unite d States O n Februar y 2 1903 th e Philippin e Commissio n enacte d th e followin g law : [Ac t No 611. ] A N AC T AUTHORIZIN G TH E CIVI L GOVERNO R T O ISSU E PASS PORT S T O CITIZEN S O F TH E PHILIPPIN E ISLANDS By authority of the United States, he it enacted hy the Philippine Commission, that: Wherea s th e Ac t o f Congres s approve d Jul y first ninetee n hundre d an d two entitle d "A n Ac t temporaril y t o provid e fo r th e administratio n o f th e affair s o f civi l governmen t i n th e Philippin e Islands an d fo r othe r pur poses, provide s i n sectio n fou r thereo f "Tha t al l inhabitant s o f th e Phil ippin e Island s continuin g t o resid e therei n wh o wer e Spanis h subject s o n th e elevent h da y o f April eightee n hundre d an d ninety-nine an d the n reside d i n sai d Islands an d thei r childre n bor n subsequen t thereto shal l b e deeme d an d hel d t o b e citizen s o f th e Philippin e Island s an d a s suc h entitle d t o th e protectio n o f th e Unite d States excep t suc h a s shal l hav e electe d t o preserv e thei r allegianc e t o th e Crow n o f Spai n i n accordanc e wit h th e pro vision s o f th e treat y o f peac e betwee n th e Unite d State s an d Spai n signe d a t Pari s Decembe r tenth eightee n hundre d an d ninety-eight" : SECTIO N 1 Th e Civi l Governo r is hereb y authorize d t o issu e passport s t o th e person s thereb y mad e citizen s o f th e Philippin e Islands identifyin g sai d person s a s suc h citizen s an d a s entitle d t o th e protectio n o f th e Unite d State s b y virtu e o f th e provisio n o f la w abov e se t forth SEC 2 Th e Civi l Governo r shal l prescrib e th e for m o f an d rule s govern in g th e issuanc e o f thes e documents whic h shal l b e know n an d referre d t o a s "Philippin e passports. SEC 3 A fe e o f tw o dollars i n mone y o f th e Unite d States shal l b e charge d fo r eac h passpor t issue d hereunder Suc h fee s shal l b e pai d t o th e disbursin g office r o f th e Executiv e Bureau wh o shal l kee p a n accoun t o f sam e an d wh o shal l forthwit h deposi t sam e i n th e Insula r Treasury

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1 0 SEC 4 Th e publi c goo d requirin g th e speed y enactmen t o f thi s bill th e passag e o f th e sam e is hereb y expedite d i n accordanc e wit h sectio n tw o o f u A n Ac t prescribin g th e orde r o f procedur e b y th e Commissio n i n th e enact men t o f laws, passe d Septembe r twenty-sixth ninetee n hundred SEC 5 Thi s Ac t shal l tak e effec t o n it s passage Enacted Februar y 2 1903 B y Executiv e Orde r ]S T o 13 th e Civi l Governo r prescribe d th e for m an d rule s governin g th e issu e o f passport s a s follows : TH E GOVERNMEN T O F TH E PHILIPPIN E ISLANDS EXECUTIV E BUREAU MANILA April 7, 1903. EXECUTIV E ORDE R \ No 13 1 Th e followin g regulation s regardin g issuanc e o f passport s ar e publishe d fo r th e guidanc e o f al l concerne d i n accordanc e wit h th e provision s o f Ac t Numbere d Si x hundre d an d eleven entitle d "A n Ac t authorizin g th e Civi l Governo r t o issu e passport s t o citizen s o f th e Philippin e Islands, enacte d Februar y second ninetee n hundre d an d three : I Philippin e passport s ma y b e issue d t o al l th e inhabitant s o f th e Philip pin e Island s continuin g t o resid e therei n wh o wer e Spanis h subject s o n th e elevent h da y o f April eightee n hundre d an d ninety-nine an d the n reside d i n sai d Islands an d thei r childre n bor n subsequen t thereto excep t suc h a s shal l hav e electe d t o preserv e thei r allegianc e t o th e Crow n o f Spai n i n accordanc e wit h th e provision s o f th e treat y o f peac e betwee n th e Unite d State s an d Spai n signe d a t Paris Decembe r tenth eightee n hundre d an d ninety-eight II Thos e applyin g fo r a Philippin e passpor t mus t presen t thei r application mak e a n affidavi t wit h respec t t o birth an d stat e tha t the y wer e subject s o f Spai n a s define d i n Rul e I The y mus t tak e th e oat h o f allegianc e an d furnis h a n identificatio n b y a creditabl e person i n accordanc e wit h a for m prescribe d fo r suc h purpose III A passpor t expire s tw o year s afte r th e dat e o f it s issuanc e an d wil l no t b e renewed A ne w passpor t ma y b e issue d upo n a ne w applicatio n i n accord anc e wit h th e provision s o f Rul e II IV Whe n a perso n applie s fo r a ne w passpor t befor e hi s ol d passpor t ha s expired th e latter couple d wit h proo f tha t th e perso n i n whos e behal f i t i s presente d i s th e perso n name d therein ma y b e take n tw o year s fro m it s dat e a s prim a faci e evidenc e o f th e righ t o f th e perso n t o obtai n a passpor t unde r Rul e I

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1 1 V Whe n th e applican t fo r a passpor t i s accompanie d b y hi s wife mino r children o r b y a servan t wh o i s entitle d t o a passpor t unde r Rul e I i t wil l b e sufficien t t o stat e i n th e passpor t th e name s o f suc h person s an d thei r relationshi p t o o r connectio n wit h him A separat e passpor t mus t b e issue d t o eac h perso n o f ful l ag e no t th e wif e o r servan t o f anothe r wit h who m h e o r sh e i s traveling VI A n officia l fe e o f tw o dollars i n mone y o f th e Unite d States shal l b e collecte d b y th e disbursin g officer Executiv e Bureau fo r eac h passpor t issued an d th e fe e shal l b e deposite d b y hi m i n th e Insula r Treasury WM H TAFT Civil Governor. ADMINISTRATIO N AN D FINANC E DIVISION Th e foregoin g branche s o f th e Bureau' s work togethe r wit h man y others—includin g particularl y th e preparatio n o f appropriatio n bills drawin g o f lease s an d contract s fo r supplie s an d construction an d firearms permits—ar e assigne d t o th e administratio n an d finance division th e repor t o f whic h i s heret o attache d (Appendi x D) Th e hig h grad e o f wor k don e b y th e clerk s o f thi s divisio n an d th e excellen t manne r i n whic h i t ha s bee n performe d hav e bee n th e sourc e o f intens e satisfactio n t o th e Chie f o f th e Burea u an d meri t specia l mention LEGISLATIV E DIVISION I n th e interes t o f econom y an d th e promp t dispatc h o f publi c busines s th e offic e o f th e Secretar y o f th e Philippin e Commissio n wa s abolishe d b y Ac t No 609 Januar y 31 1903 a s recommende d i n th e repor t o f thi s Burea u fo r las t year an d th e Executiv e Burea u s o reorganize d a s t o provid e fo r th e wor k o f th e abolishe d office Asid e fro m th e enactmen t o f law s th e Commissio n ha s devote d muc h tim e t o th e consideratio n i n executiv e session s o f importan t matter s upo n whic h th e Civi l Governo r o r head s o f Department s desire d th e benefi t o f join t discussio n an d determination Th e year' s wor k o f th e Commissio n a s a legislativ e an d advisor y bod y i s admirabl y describe d b y th e Recorder Mr C W Calvin i n hi s repor t (Appendi x E) t o whic h attentio n i s invited Grea t credi t i s du e Mr Calvi n fo r th e abilit y an d industr y wit h whic h h e an d hi s offic e forc e hav e dispatche d a n immens e volum e o f importan t busines s wit h promptitud e an d marke d efficiency

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1 2 TRANSLATIN G DIVISION I n th e session s o f th e Commission an d o n practicall y al l othe r occasions whe n th e peopl e generally an d particularl y th e non Englis h speakin g masses ar e t o b e reache d o r desir e t o communicat e b y intervie w wit h th e Civi l Governo r o r member s o f th e Commis sion th e service s o f a n interprete r ar e necessary ; an d th e impor tanc e o f matter s discusse d o n thes e occasion s demand s a degre e o f expertnes s o f interpretatio n possesse d b y bu t fe w persons Al l act s o f th e Commissio n ar e translate d i n th e Spanis h languag e promptl y afte r passage an d fo r thi s wor k o f translatio n i t i s essentia l tha t ther e b e availabl e traine d personne l o f a hig h grade Thi s i s als o tru e i n respec t o f th e vas t amoun t o f Spanish-Englis h translatio n inciden t t o th e correspondenc e o f thi s offic e an d th e Executiv e Departments Thi s wor k devolve s upo n th e translatin g divisio n o f th e Bureau Mr Francisc o J Yanes Spanis h Secretar y t o th e Philippin e Commission wa s i n charg e o f th e divisio n unti l Ma y 16 1903 whe n h e returne d t o th e United State s becaus e o f th e continue d il l healt h o f hi s famil y i n thi s climate Mr Yane s wa s appointe d t o thi s servic e fro m th e Burea u o f America n Republic s i n Washingto n becaus e o f hi s specia l fitness bot h b y educatio n an d practica l experi ence an d wit h grea t credi t carrie d th e burde n o f responsibilit y an d t o a ver y grea t degre e tha t o f th e actua l wor k unde r hi s charge Ever y effor t ha s bee n mad e t o replac e him bu t a s ye t withou t result Furthe r losse s o f exper t personne l fro m th e translatin g divisio n hav e seriousl y interfere d wit h bot h th e wor k o f translatin g an d interpretin g a s well I t ha s bee n necessar y fo r th e presen t actin g chie f o f divisio n t o devot e s o muc h tim e t o hi s regula r wor k o f interprete r fo r th e Commissio n tha t ther e hav e bee n occasiona l un avoidabl e delay s i n th e dispatc h o f translation s o f document s o f importance However th e wor k o f th e divisio n i s no w practicall y u p t o date b y din t o f wor k a t nigh t an d o n holidays Ther e seem s t o b e a n absolut e lac k o f reall y exper t Spanish-Englis h translator s no t onl y i n thes e Island s an d th e Unite d State s bu t i n practicall y ever y othe r country a s reveale d b y th e ineffectua l effort s o f thi s Governmen t t o secur e suc h employees Ther e i s n o difficult y i n finding translator s o f mediocr e ability ; bu t me n wh o kno w on e languag e thoroughl y an d hav e a competen t knowledg e o f on e othe r

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1 3 ar e rar e indeed Th e repor t o f th e divisio n i s heret o attached ^ (Appendi x F) COLLECTIN G LIBRARIA N AN D DOCUMEN T DIVISION Th e Commissio n o n Marc h 17 190 3 (Ac t No 688) authorize d th e appointmen t o f a Collectin g Libraria n o f th e Insula r Govern men t "whos e dut y i t shal l be unde r th e supervisio n an d directio n o f th e Civi l Governor t o visi t th e countrie s o f Europe Mexico an d elsewher e fo r th e purpos e o f purchasin g book s an d manuscript s re latin g t o th e histor y o f th e Philippin e Islands makin g historica l researche s int o sai d history procurin g copie s o f officia l document s relatin g thereto wit h th e vie w t o th e foundatio n i n Manil a o f a publi c historica l librar y upo n th e subjec t o f th e Philippin e Islands. Fo r thi s appointmen t th e Civi l Governo r selecte d Seho r Do n Cle ment e J Zulueta a Filipin o eminentl y fitted fo r th e wor k b y educa tio n an d training Seno r Zuluet a wen t a t onc e t o Spai n wher e h e i s no w securin g book s an d document s o f historica l an d genera l valu e a s contemplate d b y th e ac t creatin g hi s position Arrangement s hav e bee n mad e fo r th e custod y an d preservatio n o f thes e paper s upo n thei r arriva l here b y th e divisio n havin g i n charg e th e printe d publication s an d document s o f th e Commission Ther e wil l soo n b e adde d t o th e files o f printe d document s severa l hundre d selecte d congressiona l publication s recentl y receive d fro m Washingto n whic h wil l b e indexe d an d filed fo r reference Thi s divisio n o f th e Execu tiv e Burea u ha s distribute d durin g th e pas t yea r 1,035,36 2 printe d copie s o f act s o f th e Commission executiv e orders an d miscella neou s publication s o f a relate d character (Se e Appendi x G. ) DISBURSIN G OFFICER Th e disbursin g office r o f th e Bureau Mr Ii A Lampman als o disburse s fo r seve n othe r Bureau s an d th e Secretarie s o f th e fou r Executiv e Departments th e Philippin e Commission th e trustee s o f th e Colleg e o f Sa n Jose an d th e Philippin e Museum H e likewis e i s on e o f th e tw o officer s disbursin g th e $3,000,00 0 Congressiona l relie f fund Th e tota l amount s pai d ou t b y hi m durin g th e perio d covere d b y thi s repor t wer e $936,876.06 Mexican an d ^271,951.90 Philippine s currency Fe w publi c servant s hav e greate r responsi bilit y restin g upo n them an d non e discharge s hi s dutie s mor e abl y an d intelligently

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1 4 RECORD S DIVISION Th e mailin g o f correspondence althoug h nominall y withi n th e jurisdictio n o f th e mailin g division ha s bee n conducted fo r th e sak e o f convenience b y th e record s division O f suc h matter whic h include s onl y writte n communications ther e hav e bee n dispatche d b y messenge r an d pos t 53,71 7 separat e paper s durin g th e year a n increas e o f 7 3 pe r cen t ove r th e precedin g year Provisio n ha s bee n mad e i n th e record s divisio n b y th e installa tio n o f substantia l filin g case s o f improve d patter n fo r th e preser vatio n o f th e archive s o f th e militar y governmen t an d thi s offic e sinc e it s establishment Thes e record s hav e bee n thoroughl y in dexe d an d th e typewritte n indexe s bound thu s makin g referenc e t o the m eas y an d i n ever y wa y satisfactory I n additio n t o th e wor k o f indexing recording an d mailin g officia l correspondenc e i n th e record s division muc h wor k i s don e i n th e compilatio n o f dat a require d b y th e Civi l Governor th e Executive Departments an d th e Commission an d it s personne l i s draw n upo n continuall y t o fil l temporar y an d permanen t vacancie s i n th e othe r divisions (Appendi x EL ) Th e wor k i n thi s divisio n i s o f suc h character coverin g a s i t doe s th e entir e fiel d o f thi s offic e an d o f th e Executiv e Department s a s well a s t o furnis h a n excellen t opportunit y fo r th e trainin g o f employee s fo r th e othe r divisions th e function s o f whic h ar e special Thi s ha s bee n particularl y th e cas e i n respec t o f Filipin o employees severa l o f who m afte r a fe w months servic e i n thi s divisio n hav e bee n promote d elsewher e an d hav e acquitte d themselve s creditably BUREA U PERSONNEL Eve r sinc e th e organizatio n o f th e Executive Burea u stric t adher enc e t o civil-servic e rule s ha s bee n observe d i n th e matte r o f appointment s an d promotions i t bein g a fac t meritin g recor d tha t fiv e ou t o f th e seve n chief s o f division s i n th e Burea u cam e t o th e Island s eithe r a s volunteer s o r a s clerk s a t $1,20 0 pe r annum Th e othe r tw o cam e a s translator s a t $1,80 0 pe r annum Al l ar e no w receivin g $2,250 wit h th e exceptio n o f on e wh o receive s $2,50 0 pe r annum I t ha s bee n th e rul e o f thi s offic e durin g th e pas t yea r t o requir e tha t al l Filipin o appointee s posses s th e equivalen t o f a grammar schoo l education a t least ; a fai r conversationa l knowledg e o f th e Englis h language ; abilit y t o us e th e typewritin g machin e wit h

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1 5 som e facility ; an d certificat e o f havin g passe d th e second-grad e cler k examinatio n o r it s equivalen t a s provide d b y th e Civi l Servic e Board' s schedule Upo n reachin g a salar y ratin g o f $60 0 pe r annu m employee s ar e require d t o pas s th e civil-servic e examination s i n th e Englis h languag e a s on e requisit e fo r promotion Unde r thi s requiremen t on e suc h employe e ha s passe d th e first-grad e ex aminatio n ; tw o faile d b y a ver y smal l percentag e an d wil l doubtles s qualif y o n thei r nex t effort an d severa l hav e passe d th e second grad e examination A s a rul e th e nativ e employee s atten d publi c nigh t schools an d i n th e cas e o f thos e wh o hav e littl e o r n o knowl edg e o f th e Englis h languag e i t i s obligator y tha t the y atten d suc h schools Du e t o th e increas e o f busines s inciden t t o th e developmen t o f government an d t o a degre e t o th e mergin g o f th e offic e o f th e Commission th e personne l o f thi s Burea u ha s bee n mor e tha n double d numericall y durin g the pas t year Thi s increas e ha s bee n i n grea t measur e i n th e numbe r o f position s i n th e lowe r grade s an d therefor e doe s no t indicat e a correspondingl y increase d expense The forc e o f 6 1 employees o f who m 3 2 wer e American s an d 2 9 Filipinos whic h wa s employe d a t th e dat e o f th e las t report ha s bee n graduall y expande d unti l a t thi s tim e ther e ar e o n dut y i n th e Burea u 12 3 employees o f who m 4 6 ar e classe d a s American s an d 7 7 a s Filipinos a n increas e o f 4 4 pe r cen t i n th e numbe r o f American s an d 16 6 pe r cen t i n Filipinos Notwithstandin g thi s marke d increas e i n personnel—mor e tha n 10 0 pe r cent—i t ha s bee n foun d wholl y impracticabl e t o dispatc h th e curren t busines s durin g th e regula r offic e hours A larg e numbe r o f employee s ar e require d t o wor k overtime an d som e fin d i t nec essar y t o observ e unifor m hour s o f fro m 7.3 0 a m t o 6 p m daily wit h abou t a half-hour' s intermissio n a t midday I n orde r tha t a definit e ide a migh t b e ha d a s t o th e exten t o f overtim e required a recor d thereo f ha s bee n kept Thi s show s a n averag e o f thre e hundre d an d twenty-fiv e day s pe r month o r a n actua l shortag e i n th e offic e forc e o f approximatel y twelv e clerks an d doe s no t in clud e th e overtim e o f officials th e numbe r o f who m ha s no t bee n increase d sinc e th e organizatio n o f th e Bureau Tw o death s an d th e invalidin g hom e o f si x employee s durin g th e yea r becaus e o f dis ease s probabl y du e t o excessivel y lon g hour s an d clos e applicatio n t o wor k unde r existin g climati c condition s indicat e th e necessit y fo r shorte r offic e hour s an d doubtles s a n obligator y annua l vacation

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1 6 REPORT S O F PROVINCIA L GOVERNORS Th e report s o f th e provincia l governor s ar e appende d hereto marke d "Appendi x I." 1 Covering a s the y do th e perio d fro m Januar y 1 1902 t o Januar y 1 1903 the y giv e n o adequat e ide a o f th e presen t condition s prevailin g i n th e provinces an d therefor e I hav e no t referre d t o the m befor e i n thi s repor t whe n treatin g o f th e politica l subdivision s o f th e Islands Thes e reports i f the y ar e t o b e reall y suc h a faithfu l portraya l o f existin g condition s a s t o furnis h Congres s an d th e authoritie s beyon d sea s tha t informa tio n upo n whic h remedia l o r an y othe r actio n coul d b e based ough t t o b e brough t dow n t o a dat e no t late r tha n Septembe r 1 o f eac h year Sinc e thes e report s wer e writte n th e locus t plagu e ha s visite d a larg e numbe r o f th e province s wit h disastrou s result s t o growin g crops Happily late r telegraphi c informatio n ha s brough t th e intelligenc e tha t th e measure s adopte d unde r Ac t No 817 herein befor e referre d to hav e bee n successfu l i n man y province s i n ex terminatin g th e locusts an d th e cro p report s ar e muc h mor e en couragin g tha n coul d hav e bee n expecte d unde r th e circumstances Man y cause s fo r complain t mentione d i n th e report s o f th e pro vincia l governor s fo r las t yea r hav e bee n removed ; th e uprisin g o n th e Islan d o f Camigui n of f th e coas t o f Misamis i n Apri l an d Ma y last wa s promptl y an d effectuall y quelled an d th e leader s an d a larg e numbe r o f thei r follower s hav e receive d thei r jus t deserts Th e disturbe d condition s i n th e Provinc e o f Alba y ar e abou t t o b e brough t t o a n end an d a n er a o f peace fa r mor e extensiv e an d pro foun d tha n ha s eve r bee n know n sinc e America n occupation wil l withou t doub t soo n settl e upo n th e Archipelago Th e Civi l Gov erno r i n hi s repor t fo r las t year referrin g t o thi s sam e subject suggeste d th e wisdo m o f changin g th e tim e fo r submissio n o f th e annua l report s o f th e provincia l governor s fro m Januar y t o Sep tember bu t n o chang e i n th e la w ha s bee n mad e a s yet althoug h i t woul d see m tha t n o goo d reaso n exist s fo r longe r delayin g favorabl e actio n upo n th e suggestion ROA D AN D BRIDG E WOR K I N PROVINCES Appendi x J heret o attached give s telegraphi c report s fro m province s receive d i n respons e t o a telegra m fro m thi s offic e o f Sep tembe r 28 1903 requestin g informatio n a s t o th e amoun t o f wor k don e o n road s an d bridges i n eac h provinc e an d th e amoun t o f 1 Omitte d o n accoun t o f earl y perio d covere d b y same

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1 7 "relie f fund ric e pai d therefor Onl y suc h report s a s wer e receive d u p t o an d includin g th e dat e o f thi s repor t ar e annexed CHANG E I N BUREA U OFFICIALS Durin g th e firs t hal f o f th e perio d covere d b y thi s repor t th e forme r Assistan t Executiv e Secretary Mr Beekma n Winthrop wa s actin g chie f o f th e Burea u owin g t o absenc e o n leav e o f th e Execu tiv e Secretary Upo n th e retur n o f th e latte r o n Marc h 25 1903 Mr Winthro p wen t t o th e Unite d State s o n a well-earne d leave resignin g hi s offic e o n th e expiratio n thereof muc h t o th e regre t o f th e Governmen t authoritie s an d hi s officia l associates wh o ha d learne d t o appreciat e hi s wort h throug h dail y contac t wit h him Mr Fran k W Carpenter the n chie f cler k o f th e Bureau wa s appointe d Assistan t Executiv e Secretar y o n Septembe r 1 1903 th e promotio n comin g a s a fitting rewar d t o a mos t zealous tireless an d abl e official Mr Carpenter wit h a residence-o f nearl y five year s i n thes e Islands occupyin g position s o f trus t callin g fo r th e exercis e o f administrativ e skil l o f a hig h orde r an d technica l knowl edg e o f offic e work bring s t o hi s ne w positio n a rip e experienc e an d goo d judgmen t which adde d t o hi s knowledg e o f th e Spanis h an d Tagalo g languages mak e o f hi m a n idea l officia l an d a broad minded tactful an d capabl e assistant CONCLUSION Th e fac t tha t th e wor k o f th e Burea u ha s bee n kep t u p an d dis patche d wit h promptitud e an d thoroughnes s withou t additio n t o th e numbe r o f it s officials notwithstandin g it s continue d an d grea t increase i s du e t o th e untirin g zea l an d uncommo n abilit y o f th e chief s o f division s an d thei r immediat e assistant s who unde r Mr Carpenter' s trainin g an d initiative hav e cheerfull y me t require ment s muc h greate r tha n ar e ordinaril y inciden t t o th e dutie s o f suc h offices Th e whol e clerica l forc e ha s show n s o livel y a n inter es t i n th e wor k an d ha s s o heartil y an d uncomplainingl y responde d t o th e man y call s fo r overtim e dut y tha t I woul d b e ungratefu l indee d wer e I t o fai l t o recor d her e m y dee p appreciatio n o f thei r faithfulnes s an d efficienc y whic h hav e s o signall y lightene d th e burde n restin g upo n th e Chie f o f th e Bureau Ver y respectfully A ^ FergussoN j Executive Secretary. Th e Honorabl e th e CIVI L GOVERNOR 1404 3 2

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APPENDIXES

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APPENDI X A ANNUA L REPOR T O P TH E LA W CLER K O P TH E EXECUTIV E BUREAU Th e offic e o f la w cler k i n th e Burea u wa s create d i n Januar y o f thi s year dutie s o f a lega l natur e havin g devolve d upo n th e presen t incumben t fo r som e tim e prio r t o tha t date Th e presen t dutie s o f th e offic e ar e mainl y a s follows : (a) Th e supervisio n an d prep aratio n fo r fina l action wit h recommendations o f case s involvin g charge s agains t Governmen t officials bein g mainl y case s agains t municipa l officer s i n th e province s an d justice s o f th e peace ; (& ) th e renderin g o f statement s o n question s o f la w a t th e directio n o f th e Civi l Governo r an d th e officer s o f th e Bureau ; (c ) th e digestin g o f voluminou s document s involvin g point s o f law ; an d (d ) th e draftin g o f bill s fo r th e consideratio n o f th e Philippin e Commission A statistica l statemen t o f th e volum e o f th e wor k i s no t possible fo r th e reaso n tha t th e presen t dutie s o f th e offic e ar e partl y admin istrativ e an d partl y lega l i n natur e an d hav e n o well-define d o r fixe d limits I n thi s genera l connection however th e followin g statistic s ma y b e o f interest : Statement of provincial officers removed from office or ivho resigned at request or under charges from September 1, 1902, to September 1, 1903. Fiscal s 3 Treasurer s 4 Supervisor s 3 Secretarie s 3 Other s 2 Tota l 1 5 Th e tota l numbe r o f distinc t case s agains t municipa l officer s an d justice s o f th e peace resultin g i n suspensio n fro m offic e o r a n investigatio n b y th e provincia l board o r both fo r th e twelv e month s endin g Septembe r 1 1903 wa s 106 involvin g 14 4 officers 7 6 o f who m wer e dismissed O f thes e 144 officers 12 1 wer e munici pa l officers—chiefl y presidents—an d 23 justice s o f th e peace O f 2 1

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2 2 th e 13 5 officer s suspende d fro m office 7 6 wer e removed 1 2 repri mande d o r disciplined an d 4 7 reinstated O f th e 9 8 distinc t case s investigate d b y th e provincia l boards th e finding s wer e approve d b y thi s Burea u i n 8 0 cases modifie d i n 9 an d reverse d i n 9 Perhap s th e mos t noteworth y deduction s t o b e draw n fro m th e abov e dat a are : (a) Th e larg e proportio n o f case s wher e a sus pende d office r (th e matte r o f suspensio n bein g almos t entirel y i n th e hand s o f th e provincia l governor ) i s acquitte d afte r ful l inves tigation bein g abou t 3 5 pe r cent ; an d (b) th e relativel y larg e proportio n o f case s agains t justice s o f th e peace Th e record s sho w tha t durin g th e yea r 1 6 justice s hav e bee n dismisse d fro m offic e an d 2 reprimanded Whe n i t i s recalle d tha t th e technica l knowl edg e an d lega l trainin g usuall y possesse d b y a n evill y dispose d justic e o f th e peac e mak e i t comparativel y eas y fo r hi m t o escap e detectio n an d conviction th e figure s ar e sufficientl y striking I t shoul d b e note d tha t th e abov e statistic s represen t onl y a portio n o f th e tota l numbe r o f paper s preferrin g charge s agains t Governmen t official s receive d i n thi s Bureau Th e native s o f thes e Islands especiall y thos e o f th e half-blood ar e b y natur e conten tiou s an d fon d o f litigation ; an d a preliminar y inquir y usuall y show s th e charge s preferre d t o b e groundless A compariso n o f th e statistic s o f thi s yea r wit h thos e o f th e fourtee n month s precedin g show s a n increas e i n th e numbe r o f removal s o f provincia l officials bein g 1 3 removal s fo r fourtee n months a s agains t 1 5 fo r twelv e months I n regar d t o municipa l officer s an d justice s o f th e peace th e figure s ar e approximatel y th e same A s indicatin g th e improvement s whic h hav e bee n introduce d i n th e routin e organizatio n o f thi s Burea u sinc e th e inauguratio n o f civi l government ma y b e note d th e fac t tha t durin g th e firs t fourtee n month s o f civi l governmen t th e record s sho w 5 4 case s o f suspende d municipa l officer s (includin g justice s o f th e peace ) wit h n o recor d o f eithe r acquittal reinstatement o r removal indi catin g tha t thes e case s wer e pigeon-hole d o r droppe d withou t an y decisiv e actio n bein g taken whil e th e record s fo r th e pas t twelv e month s sho w tha t i n al l case s involvin g charge s agains t municipa l officer s o r justice s o f th e peac e som e final o r decisiv e settlemen t o f th e cas e ha s bee n made FRED F BARKER Law Cleric. OCTOBE R 16 1903

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APPENDI X B REPOR T O N EXTERMINATIO N O P LOCUSTS ABRA BANGUED ABRA October 1903. Th e CIVI L GOVERNOR Manila. SIR : I n complianc e wit h you r telegraphi c orde r o f th e 26t h o f September I hav e th e hono r t o mak e th e followin g repor t o n th e exterminatio n o f locust s i n thi s province : O n th e 15t h o f Augus t you r telegra m approvin g th e appointmen t o f th e thre e agricul turalis t member s o f th e locus t boar d propose d wa s receive d here O n th e 19t h o f th e sam e mont h th e sai d boar d wa s organize d an d immediatel y resolve d tha t th e aforesai d agriculturalis t member s repai r t o th e place s invade d b y th e locust s t o th e en d o f studyin g an d proposin g t o th e boar d th e mos t efficien t mean s o f destroyin g th e plague an d als o t o th e en d o f obtainin g th e dat a indispensabl e fo r draftin g regulation s provide d fo r b y sectio n 2 o f Ac t No 834 A t th e sam e meetin g i t wa s resolve d t o as k th e Civi l Governo r fo r 1,00 0 picul s o f ric e an d 40 0 piece s o f shee t iro n fo r th e need s o f th e board o f whic h article s onl y th e iro n ha s bee n receive d unti l th e presen t date A t anothe r meetin g hel d o n th e 22 d th e boar d approve d th e mean s o f extirpatio n o f th e plagu e suggeste d b y th e agriculturalis t members Copie s o f thes e resolution s hav e bee n transmitte d t o th e municipa l president s fo r complianc e therewith I n th e successiv e meeting s o f th e 4th^an d 8t h o f Septembe r th e regulation s fo r th e destructio n o f th e locust s wer e discusse d an d approved an d a cop y thereo f furnishe d t o eac h municipa l president fo r th e publicatio n an d executio n thereof anothe r cop y bein g sen t t o th e Executiv e Secretar y fo r th e printin g o f 25 0 copie s thereof O n th e 23d 27th 28th an d 30t h o f Augus t operation s wer e car rie d o n agains t th e hopper s unde r th e directio n an d supervisio n o f th e provincia l governo r an d th e agriculturalis t member s o f th e boar d a t th e place s denominated—Pudoca Calaba an d Cabuluan o f Bangued ; Ligtun Paluccanna an d o f Layu n an d Pudo c an d 2 3

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2 4 Suy o o f Piddigan—th e amoun t o f hopper s destroye d i n th e opera tio n bein g estimate d a t 12 0 quintals O n th e 28t h o f Augus t a swar m o f locust s whic h wa s passin g ove r a ric e fiel d a t th e rancheri a o f Peharrubi a wa s frightene d awa y unde r th e directio n o f agriculturalis t membe r Maxim o Blanco an d th e damag e cause d wa s ver y insignifican t o n accoun t o f thi s operation O n th e 2 d o f Septembe r mor e operation s agains t thi s plagu e wer e carrie d o n i n th e barrio s o f Sappa c an d Paud e (Bangued) unde r th e directio n o f th e presiden t thereof an d a t th e siti o o f Maquina o o f th e rancheri a Daglas unde r th e directio n o f th e agriculturalis t mem be r Hug o Baile O n thes e occasion s abou t 8 0 quintal s o f locust s wer e caught O n th e 7t h o f Septembe r th e presiden t o f Dedmagad a reporte d th e presenc e o f locust s an d hopper s i n hi s municipality an d I directe d Agriculturalis t Guillerm o Blancaflo r t o supervis e th e destructio n o f th e plague an d thre e day s late r h e reporte d tha t th e hoppers i n a quantit y o f 8 0 quintals wer e destroyed bu t tha t i t wa s possibl e t o catc h onl y 2 0 quintal s o f th e locusts a s the y fle w awa y i n th e directio n o f th e Provinc e o f Iloco s Norte O n th e 26t h o f Septembe r a swar m o f locust s descende d upo n ric e field s aroun d Bangued an d wa s frightene d awa y unde r th e directio n o f th e provincia l governo r an d a n agriculturalist membe r o f th e boar d withou t havin g bee n abl e t o d o damag e t o th e crops Abou t 4 0 quintal s o f thi s swar m wer e caught bu t th e majorit y aros e an d fle w awa y towar d th e Bulaga o Mountain boundar y lin e betwee n Abr a an d Ilocos JUA N VILLAMOR Provincial Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 34 0 quintals equa l t o 34,34 0 pounds. ) AL B AY ALBAY September SO, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Complying-wit h you r telegra m o f 26th th e locust s appeare d i n thi s provinc e i n th e earl y par t o f thi s month bu t di d bu t ver y littl e damage Th e locus t fungu s wa s a t onc e used wit h apparentl y ver y excellen t results Th e swar m o f locust s wa s practicall y exterminate d i n fiv e days I t wa s found however tha t th e fe w

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2 5 day s the y wer e i n th e provinc e the y deposite d a grea t man y eggs whic h sinc e hatched O f thes e smal l locust s abou t thre e hundre d bag s wer e gathere d an d destroyed Th e heav y rain s durin g th e pas t fe w day s hav e apparentl y exterminate d th e remainder Thi s wor k accomplishe d a t practicall y n o expense BETTS Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 20,00 0 pounds. ) AMBO S CAMAEINES NUEV A CACERES October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Th e locus t boar d hel d it s firs t meetin g o n th e 6t h o f Augus t an d adopte d regulation s whic h wer e submitte d t o th e Civi l Gov erno r fo r approval bu t th e firs t sectio n o f sai d regulation s wa s amende d i n vie w o f th e telegra m o f th e 21s t o f August Th e additiona l member s hav e no t bee n abl e t o atten d th e meeting s o f th e boar d regularly a s they.ar e livin g i n pueblo s distan t fro m thi s capital bu t the y hav e distinguishe d themselve s b y thei r work travelin g throug h an d visitin g th e differen t municipalitie s o f thei r districts an d explainin g t o th e resident s thereo f th e advisabilit y tha t al l shoul d wor k i n th e destructio n o f th e locusts showin g the m th e mos t practica l manne r o f catchin g th e same Th e mu nicipa l president s hav e i n complianc e wit h thei r dut y kep t th e Governmen t informe d o f al l th e wor k don e b y resident s an d o f th e numbe r o f sack s o f locust s caught whic h amoun t t o 1,26 4 sacks an d th e approximat e weigh t o f whic h i s 75,84 0 pounds I t is however impossibl e t o calculat e th e quantit y o f locust s kille d whic h wer e no t gathere d u p bu t burne d i n th e ditches Th e entir e territor y o f thi s provinc e i s infeste d wit h locusts an d th e president s stat e i n thei r letter s tha t notwithstandin g th e grea t effort s mad e b y th e peopl e fo r th e purpos e o f destroyin g them diggin g ditche s withou t remuneratio n o f an y kind al l o f th e plantation s o f maize camotes paddy suga r cane an d garde n truc k hav e bee n destroyed Th e ditche s du g b y th e peopl e o f th e pueblo s wer e no t sufficien t fo r th e destructio n o f th e smal l locusts o n accoun t o f thei r larg e number Whe n the y di d no t fin d anythin g lef t t o destro y i n th e fields the y invade d th e street s o f th e pueblo s an d entere d th e houses t o t th e exten t tha t the y

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2 6 di d no t leav e th e peopl e res t b y da y o r b y night Th e inhabitant s o f th e pueblo s o f Pili Nuev a Caceres Ninalabag Nubua an d other s ha d cultivate d a considerabl e numbe r o f hectare s o f ric e lan d an d hope d t o obtai n a goo d harvest bu t al l the y ha d plante d wa s destroye d b y th e locusts However a goo d cro p o f maiz e wa s harveste d i n Baa o an d Nubua an d th e inhabitant s ar e no w sell in g th e shelle d maiz e a t 1 peso Mexican pe r sack Th e rain s commence d i n thi s sectio n o n th e 19t h o f September an d sinc e the n i t ha s bee n notice d tha t th e locust s hav e graduall y disap peared I t i s hope d tha t th e hopper s whic h stil l remai n wil l b e destroye d b y th e continuou s rains Th e governo r has-issue d neithe r ric e no r mone y fo r th e wor k o f th e exterminatio n o f locusts A circula r lette r ha s bee n addresse d t o th e presidents enjoinin g the m t o recommen d t o th e peopl e th e necessit y o f agai n plantin g rice maize camotes an d garde n truck an d remindin g the m o f th e provision s o f Ac t Ho 517 relativ e t o th e preventio n o f famine PIMENTAL Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 75,84 0 pounds. ) ANTIQUE SA N JOSE October 2, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Locus t boar d wa s convene d Augus t 2 0 an d o n Augus t 2 2 rule s fo r exterminatio n o f locust s wer e adopted Durin g th e las t fiftee n day s o f Septembe r nearl y ever}' tow n i n th e provinc e wa s invade d an d a tota l o f 45 9 cavanes 1 0 gantas an d 6 chupa s wer e caught a s follows : Sa n Jose 7 cavanes 2 2 gantas ; Sa n Pedro 1 8 cavanes 1 7 gan tas 6'chupas ; Bugason 30 0 cavanes ; Guisigan 13 2 cavanes 1 8 gantas ; Tibiao 3 gantas Report s fro m othe r town s hav e no t ye t been received bu t I believ e tha t large r amount s wer e caugh t durin g th e las t day s o f September Repor t o f crop s havin g bee n destroye d no t ye t re ceive d excep t Guisigan wher e th e crop s wer e destroyed Governo r Fullo n wa s directe d t o ge t thi s informatio n whil e o n tou r o f inspectio n throughou t th e province SALAZAR Acting Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 61,92 9 pounds. )

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2 7 BATAAN BALANGA BATAAN October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: I n complianc e wit h yon r telegra m o f Septembe r 25 1903 I hav e th e hono r t o stat e tha t th e locus t boar d o f thi s provinc e wa s organize d o n Augus t 20 1903 A s ther e wer e n o locust s throughou t th e provinc e a s reporte d b y presidents n o wor k ha s bee n don e sinc e th e organizatio n o f th e board ZIALITI Secretary and Acting Governor. BATANGAS BATANGAS P I. October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: I n repl y t o you r telegra m o f Septembe r 25 a detaile d repor t wil l b e rendere d i n a fe w days Th e report s fro m twent y munici palitie s i n whic h destructio n wor k o f locust s i s bein g carrie d for war d hav e no t come al l havin g bee n aske d fo r b y telegrams Luz Governor. BENGUET BAGUIO BENGUET September 30, 1903. Ho n A W FERGUSSON Executive Secretary, Manila, P. I. SIR : I hav e th e hono r t o report i n complianc e wit h you r tele gra m 25t h instant tha t ther e ha s bee n n o wor k accomplishe d o r demande d fro m th e locus t boar d a s yet Th e fact s are i t woul d b e exceedingl y difficul t fo r th e mos t enthusiasti c sportsma n t o find on e o f thes e littl e birds calle d locusts i n m y province Th e col d rain s sinc e th e 1s t o f Jul y hav e effectuall y ri d u s o f thi s pest Yours ver y respectfully WILLIA M F PACK Provincial Governor.

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28 BOHOL TAGBILARAN October 1, 1903. CIVI L GOVERNOR Manila: Th e locus t boar d i n m y provinc e wa s establishe d o n Augus t 24 compose d o f th e member s o f th e provincia l boar d an d thre e agri culturalists Onc e established th e first tas k o f sai d locus t boar d wa s t o dra w u p regulation s fo r it s guidance an d a cop y wa s give n t o al l member s an d eac h on e o f th e municipa l president s fo r thei r informatio n an d du e observanc e b y virtu e o f sai d regulations Th e Provinc e o f Boho l i s divide d int o fou r inspectio n districts namely sout h district north interior an d wes t districts Th e first thre e district s ar e i n charg e o f th e thre e agricultura l members i n th e followin g form : Sout h district whic h i s compose d o f th e pueblo s o f Auburquerque Loylila Dimiao Palancia Garcia Hermiandez Jagna Duero Guindulman an d Ana d Candijay i s unde r th e inspectio n o f Seno r Pedr o Samson ; nort h district whic h i s com pose d o f th e pueblo s o f Maribojoc Loon Calape Tubigon Ynag gunigana Getafe Talibon Ipil an d TIbay i s unde r th e inspectio n o f Seno r Sevado r Rodriguez ; interio r district whic h i s compose d o f th e pueblo s o f Carman Batavan Sierr a Bullones Calbigailin Bilar Antique Balilijansevilla an d Loboc i s unde r th e inspectio n o f Seno r Pedr o Maceren ; fourt h district compose d o f Tagbilaran Davao Panglao Bacolian Corella an d Cortes i s unde r th e inspec tio n o f th e provincia l board Fro m Augus t 2 4 t o Octobe r 1 1903 th e plagu e o f locust s ha s no t give n sign s o f lif e i n th e province Th e letter s tha t I hav e receive d periodicall y fro m th e thre e agricul tura l member s i n thei r district s stat e ther e ar e n o flying locust s no r jumpin g locust s i n th e pueblo s o f thei r respectiv e district s t o date Ther e ha s bee n n o ric e requisitione d fo r distributio n t o th e poor no r zin c sheets Th e boar d believin g i t necessary a cop y o f th e abov e regulation s wil l b e furnishe d yo u b y mail CLARIN Goveimor. BULACAN MALOLOS BULACAN October 1, 1903. Th e EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila, P. I.: Replyin g t o you r wir e o f Septembe r 26 requestin g repor t o f wor k don e b y locus t board a s follows : Regulatio n made : Loca l committee s o f locus t organized ; prov

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2 9 inc e divide d int o thre e zones an d thre e member s appointe d inspectors. Inspector s constantl y inspectin g town s withi n thei r zone Fro m organizatio n o f boar d an d loca l committee s locust s an d loctone s kille d i n differen t town s a s follows : Municipalities Locusts Anga t Baliua g Barasoai n Biga a Bocau e Bulaca n Busto s Marila o Meycauaya n Malolo s Norzagara y Pol o Quingu a Sa n Rafae l Sa n Ildefons o Sa n Migue l Sa n Jos 6 Sant a Mari a Sant a Isabel — Calumpi t Total— Cavanes. 7 3 1,53 0 10 8 297 ~ 62 1 48 3 2 0 ~~~159 ~ 37 1 7 9 82 9 14 5 16 1 1 4 6,34 8 Ric e sen t fo r starvin g people : Piculs Baliua g 1 5 Norzagara y 1 5 Marila o 1 0 Sa n Rafae l 1 5 Sa n Ildefons o 2 5 Anga t 2 5 Tota l 10 5 Ever y effor t i s take n fo r complet e destructio n o f loctone s no w i n th e province PABL O TECSON Governor of Bulacan. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 1,476,47 5 pounds. ) OAGAYAN TUGUEGARAO October 1, 1903. Th e CIVI L GOVERNOR Manila: Th e locus t boar d havin g bee n organize d i n accordanc e wit h Ac t 817 i t unanimousl y adopte d method s whic h wer e use d i n al l th e pueblo s o f th e provinc e invade d b y th e locust s an d hoppers Screen s 6 fee t lon g an d 3 fee t wid e an d covere d wit h clot h wer e prepared

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3 0 an d severa l o f thes e contrivances eac h supporte d b y on e person wer e place d a t th e edg e o f a ditch du g 3 o r 4 fee t dee p an d 2 0 o r mor e meter s long Th e are a infeste d wa s the n surrounde d o n al l side s b y severa l person s provide d wit h branches sticks an d brooms wit h whic h the y chase d th e hopper s towar d th e ditc h an d th e screens Whe n th e screen s wer e ful l o f hoppers wh o ha d save d themselve s fro m th e ditch the y wer e shake n an d th e hopper s cause d t o fal l int o th e ditch whic h wa s immediatel y covere d wit h earth Fo r locust s i n th e flyin g stag e nettin g o r clot h wa s mad e int o a n ope n sac k stretche d o n a bambo o hoop fastene d t o a stick Thes e wer e use d wher e swarm s o f locust s ha d presente d themselves Thi s wor k wa s performe d i n al l th e pueblo s o f th e provinc e o n th e 9t h an d 10t h o f September I t i s estimate d tha t th e followin g amount s o f locust s an d hopper s hav e bee n caught : I n Tuguegarao 35 2 cavanes ; Enrile 42 ; Solana 78 ; Piat 11 ; Amulung 75 ; Iguig 30 ; Pehablanca 138 ; an d non e i n Lalla o an d Aparri a s n o locust s hav e appeare d i n sai d pueblos A t it s sessio n o f th e 28t h o f Septembe r th e boar d resolve d tha t th e wor k o f exterminat in g th e locust s b e repeate d i n al l th e pueblos designatin g th e 15t h an d 16t h o f thi s month withou t prejudic e t o carryin g o n thi s work soone r i n th e pueblos barrios an d sitio s wher e cloud s o f locust s ma y appear GT ONZ AGA Provincial Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 99,82 5 pounds. ) CAPIZ CAPIZ October 1 3 1903. TAFT Civil Governor: Th e followin g wor k ha s bee n don e sinc e th e organizatio n o f th e locus t boar d o f thi s province : Municipality Amoun t de stroyed Description Ric e used Pana y Loctuga n Panita n Da o Mambusa o Nava s Caliv o Ibaja y Capi z Sigm a Cavanes. 11\ 6 38 7 5 7 fiO 21 9 5 0 14 0 3 4 19 9 Locusts hoppers an d egg s Locust s Locust s o f al l classe s Locust s an d hoppers larg e an d smal l Locust s o f al l classe s d o Locust s an d hopper s d o Hopper s Smal l an d larg e hopper s an d a fe w locusts Piculs. 1 0 2 4 3 1 0 8 1 5 5 1 0 4 2 3

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3 1 I n al l thes e municipalitie s ther e i s a larg e quantit y o f hoppers especiall y i n Panitan Dao Sigma Ibajay an d Navas an d thei r exterminatio n i s activel y continued Informatio n i n regar d t o th e resul t o f th e wor k i n th e municipalitie s o f Pontevedra Jamindan Dumarao Numancia Macato Tangalan an d Buruanga wher e ther e ar e locusts i s expecte d an d wil l b e telegraphe d immediately JUG O VIDAL Provincial Governor. CAPIZ October 2, 1903. TAFT Civil Governor, Manila: Amplifyin g m y telegra m o f yesterday accordin g t o report s re ceive d fro m membe r Soler o f Alcan Caliv o ha s bee n completel y cleane d fro m locusts 9 0 mor e cavane s o f locust s havin g bee n destroyed : Municipality Amoun t de stroyed De stroye d until — Numanci a Cavanes. 8 0 7 0 1 14 0 8 0 6 0 2 1 0 17 0 19 0 15 0 5 0 1 0 1 5 Sept 6 Sept 6 Sept 7 Sept 7 Sept 1 0 Sept 1 6 Sept 2 1 Sept 2 4 Sept 1 8 Sept 2 7 Sept 2 8 Sept 2 9 Lez o __ Cavanes. 8 0 7 0 1 14 0 8 0 6 0 2 1 0 17 0 19 0 15 0 5 0 1 0 1 5 Sept 6 Sept 6 Sept 7 Sept 7 Sept 1 0 Sept 1 6 Sept 2 1 Sept 2 4 Sept 1 8 Sept 2 7 Sept 2 8 Sept 2 9 Malina o __ Cavanes. 8 0 7 0 1 14 0 8 0 6 0 2 1 0 17 0 19 0 15 0 5 0 1 0 1 5 Sept 6 Sept 6 Sept 7 Sept 7 Sept 1 0 Sept 1 6 Sept 2 1 Sept 2 4 Sept 1 8 Sept 2 7 Sept 2 8 Sept 2 9 Bang a Cavanes. 8 0 7 0 1 14 0 8 0 6 0 2 1 0 17 0 19 0 15 0 5 0 1 0 1 5 Sept 6 Sept 6 Sept 7 Sept 7 Sept 1 0 Sept 1 6 Sept 2 1 Sept 2 4 Sept 1 8 Sept 2 7 Sept 2 8 Sept 2 9 Madalag __ __ Cavanes. 8 0 7 0 1 14 0 8 0 6 0 2 1 0 17 0 19 0 15 0 5 0 1 0 1 5 Sept 6 Sept 6 Sept 7 Sept 7 Sept 1 0 Sept 1 6 Sept 2 1 Sept 2 4 Sept 1 8 Sept 2 7 Sept 2 8 Sept 2 9 Ibaja y Cavanes. 8 0 7 0 1 14 0 8 0 6 0 2 1 0 17 0 19 0 15 0 5 0 1 0 1 5 Sept 6 Sept 6 Sept 7 Sept 7 Sept 1 0 Sept 1 6 Sept 2 1 Sept 2 4 Sept 1 8 Sept 2 7 Sept 2 8 Sept 2 9 Tangala n Cavanes. 8 0 7 0 1 14 0 8 0 6 0 2 1 0 17 0 19 0 15 0 5 0 1 0 1 5 Sept 6 Sept 6 Sept 7 Sept 7 Sept 1 0 Sept 1 6 Sept 2 1 Sept 2 4 Sept 1 8 Sept 2 7 Sept 2 8 Sept 2 9 Macatao_ __ __ Cavanes. 8 0 7 0 1 14 0 8 0 6 0 2 1 0 17 0 19 0 15 0 5 0 1 0 1 5 Sept 6 Sept 6 Sept 7 Sept 7 Sept 1 0 Sept 1 6 Sept 2 1 Sept 2 4 Sept 1 8 Sept 2 7 Sept 2 8 Sept 2 9 Buruang a Cavanes. 8 0 7 0 1 14 0 8 0 6 0 2 1 0 17 0 19 0 15 0 5 0 1 0 1 5 Sept 6 Sept 6 Sept 7 Sept 7 Sept 1 0 Sept 1 6 Sept 2 1 Sept 2 4 Sept 1 8 Sept 2 7 Sept 2 8 Sept 2 9 Balet a Cavanes. 8 0 7 0 1 14 0 8 0 6 0 2 1 0 17 0 19 0 15 0 5 0 1 0 1 5 Sept 6 Sept 6 Sept 7 Sept 7 Sept 1 0 Sept 1 6 Sept 2 1 Sept 2 4 Sept 1 8 Sept 2 7 Sept 2 8 Sept 2 9 Jim o Cavanes. 8 0 7 0 1 14 0 8 0 6 0 2 1 0 17 0 19 0 15 0 5 0 1 0 1 5 Sept 6 Sept 6 Sept 7 Sept 7 Sept 1 0 Sept 1 6 Sept 2 1 Sept 2 4 Sept 1 8 Sept 2 7 Sept 2 8 Sept 2 9 Bata n __ Cavanes. 8 0 7 0 1 14 0 8 0 6 0 2 1 0 17 0 19 0 15 0 5 0 1 0 1 5 Sept 6 Sept 6 Sept 7 Sept 7 Sept 1 0 Sept 1 6 Sept 2 1 Sept 2 4 Sept 1 8 Sept 2 7 Sept 2 8 Sept 2 9 Cavanes. 8 0 7 0 1 14 0 8 0 6 0 2 1 0 17 0 19 0 15 0 5 0 1 0 1 5 Sept 6 Sept 6 Sept 7 Sept 7 Sept 1 0 Sept 1 6 Sept 2 1 Sept 2 4 Sept 1 8 Sept 2 7 Sept 2 8 Sept 2 9 1 I n additio n t o th e 60 2 Beside s 140 telegra m o f yesterday Tota l numbe r o f cavane s o f locust s destroye d unti l dat e i n entir e provinc e amount s t o 2,704^ JUG O VIDAL Governor. (Tota l numbe r o f locust s an d hopper s killed 371,86 8 pounds. ) CAVITE CAVITE October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Th e provinc e wa s divide d int o thre e districts eac h unde r charg e o f on e o f th e agricultura l member s o f th e locus t board Thei r wor k sinc e Augus t 1 4 ha s average d abou t fou r day s pe r wee k superintendin g th e work A consideratio n o f thei r report s show s a tota l o f 4,97 1 cavane s o f locust s an d loctone s destroyed Crop s

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3 2 hav e bee n damage d t o a considerabl e extent Th e numbe r o f locust s ha s bee n largel y diminishe d b y th e effort s mad e agains t th£m Crop s hav e bee n damage d t o a considerabl e extent Th e numbe r o f locust s ha s bee n largel y diminishe d b y th e effort s mad e agains t them Quantit y o f ric e use d i n paymen t o f 1,00 0 piculs SHANKS Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 4,97 1 cavanes equa l t o 683,50 6 pounds. ) CEBU CEBU P I. October 1, 1903. Th e Hon WM TAFT Civil Governor, Manila: I n complianc e wit h th e telegra m whic h th e Executiv e Secretar y ha s addresse d t o m e I hav e th e hono r t o repor t a s follows : Sinc e ove r a mont h I hav e no t learne d o f th e presenc e o f locust s i n th e pueblo s o f thi s province no t havin g receive d a communicatio n re portin g thi s fro m an y o f th e municipalities I have however receive d privat e informatio n tha t hopper s ha d bee n see n i n th e mountain s o f Toledo an d hav e immediatel y writte n t o th e presiden t o f tha t municipality givin g hi m instruction s fo r th e exterminatio n o f thos e hopper s whe n the y com e dow n t o th e plain s o r suitabl e places becaus e a t th e place s wher e the y ar e no w i t is impossibl e t o destro y the m b y an y o f th e system s know n o n accoun t o f th e thick nes s o f th e underbrush Prio r t o th e tim e aforementione d I hav e onl y receive d communication s i n regar d t o locust s fro m th e munici palit y o f Poro o n th e Camote s Islands an d fro m th e municipalit y o f Segod th e forme r reportin g tha t a n immens e swar m ha d in vade d th e puebl o an d destroye d th e majorit y o f maiz e planted th e latte r reportin g tha t anothe r swar m ha d passed bu t ha d no t cause d destructio n o f an y importanc e t o th e plantations Severa l municipalitie s infor m m e tha t th e maiz e harves t ha s commenced an d th e genera l conditio n o f th e crop s i s good wit h th e exceptio n o f abou t eigh t pueblo s o f th e south wher e th e cro p i s no t abundant Fo r thi s reaso n th e pric e o f tha t grai n ha s gon e down I n vie w o f th e presen t crop s th e critica l situatio n o f thi s provinc e ha s considerabl y improved Th e boar d ha s no t ye t complete d th e wor k o f draftin g th e regulation s fo r th e exterminatio n o f th e locusts whic h ha s bee n turne d ove r t o th e member s appointe d an d

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3 3 i s t o b e submitte d fo r discussio n afterwards Th e wor k ha s bee n delaye d durin g th e twent y day s tha t I wa s ill Th e boar d ask s fo r 2,00 0 sheet s o f zinc CLIMACO Governor. ILOCO S NORTE LAOAG ILOCO S NORTE October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Provincia l locns t boar d wa s organize d o n th e 18t h o f August an d b y virtu e o f it s resolution s th e regulation s prescribe d b y Ac t No 81 5 wer e drafte d an d adopte d an d copie s remitte d t o al l th e municipa l presidents Th e mos t appropriat e an d cheapes t imple ment s fo r th e destructio n o f locust s an d hopper s wer e ordere d t o b e made ; instea d o f shee t iron 1,00 0 picnl s o f ric e wer e requeste d fo r issu e t o workme n wh o lac k food Ther e wer e hopper s i n sev era l municipalities, an d the n the y appeare d als o i n th e others wit h th e exceptio n o f Sa n Miguel invadin g an d destroyin g seedin g plot s o f ric e an d plantations especiall y o f maize Th e provinc e wa s divide d int o zones whic h ar e unde r th e thre e agriculturis t mem bers Th e invasion s o f th e barrio s b y th e locust s becom e les s fre quen t now th e greates t damag e cause d b y the m consistin g i n th e destructio n o f th e earl y ric e plante d i n th e mountain s o r o n hig h land Fro m th e organizatio n o f th e boar d unti l th e 30t h o f Sep tembe r 4,95 4 cavane s o f thes e insect s wer e destroye d accordin g t o th e dat a receive d s o far an d th e damag e cause d b y the m durin g th e sai d perio d i s estimate d a t 7,44 0 (? ) pesos I a m stil l ex pectin g dat a fro m severa l municipalitie s an d shal l complet e thi s repor t a s soo n a s possible JULI O AGACOILLI Provincial Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 681,17 5 pounds. ) ILOCO S SUR VIGAN P I. October 1, 1903, EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Replyin g t o you r telegra m o f Septembe r 25 th e followin g i s compile d repor t fro m president s o f sixtee n municipalitie s coverin g 1404 3 3

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3 4 perio d Augus t 1 0 t o Septembe r 30 : Si x hundre d an d forty-si x cavane s o f larg e locust s an d 2,81 2 cavane s o f smal l locust s de stroyed ; tota l numbe r o f pounds 547,312 Report s o f five munici palitie s no t ye t received Plagu e ha s diminishe d considerably CRISOLOGO Governor. ILOILO ILOILO P I. October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila : Afte r bein g organize d th e locus t boar d drafte d regulation s whic h hav e bee n distribute d t o th e pueblos committee s having bee n or ganize d i n eac h pueblo A t presen t th e numbe r o f pueblo s whos e barrio s hav e bee n invade d b y th e locust s i s relativel y small an d the y hav e bee n invade d i n a manne r no t alarming W e hav e receive d a repor t fro m th e pueblo s i n regar d t o th e destructio n cause d b y thos e insect s an d th e quantitie s o f locust s an d hopper s destroyed Th e pueblo s ar e activel y workin g fo r th e purpos e o f destroyin g th e locusts Th e ric e an d shee t zin c hav e bee n receive d her e onl y a fe w day s ago i t ha s no t bee n possibl e t o distribut e sam e t o th e pueblos bu t th e boar d propose s t o d o thi s a s soo n a s possible Wit h thes e mean s th e boar d believe s i t wil l b e abl e t o compl y wit h it s missio n a s wel l a s possible DELGADO Governor. ISABELA ILAGAN P I. October 6, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Respectfull y replyin g t o you r telegra m receive d to-day o n th e 1s t o f th e presen t mont h I hav e ha d th e hono r t o addres s t o yo u th e followin g telegram : ILAGAN October 1, 1903. Pursuan t t o th e direction s containe d i n you r telegra m o f th e 25t h o f Septembe r last I hav e th e hono r t o infor m yo u tha t sinc e th e organiza tio n o f th e provincia l locus t boar d o n th e 15t h o f Augus t an d unti l dat e 10 9 cavane s o f locusts whic h unti l no w hav e bee n ver y scarce wer e exter minated a s follows : A t Cordon 40 ; Mercedes 50 ; Cauayan 18 ; an d Gamu 1—accordin g t o dat a furnishe d b y membe r Generos o Cagayan wh o wen t t o sai d pueblo s o n th e 25t h o f Augus t an d returne d o n th e 4t h o f September I respectfull y infor m yo u tha t o n accoun t o f th e continuou s rain s th e locust s ar e disappearin g i n thi s province a s reporte d b y th e presidents

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3 5 I hav e sent'yo u a telegra m i n regar d t o th e proceeding s o f boar d o n accoun t o f reappearanc e o f hopper s i n severa l pueblo s o f th e province DICHOSO Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 10 9 cavanes equa l t o 14,98 8 pounds. ) L A LAGUNA SANT A CRUZ October 1, 1903. Th e EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Th e locus t boar d wa s organize d o n Augus t 8 last an d ha s drafte d resolution s i n accordanc e wit h Ac t 81 7 an d communicate d th e sam e t o th e municipa l presidents TJi e provinc e i s divide d int o thre e districts th e first bein g i n charg e o f membe r Jua n Osdeveza th e secon d o f Jos e d e Leon an d th e thir d o f Gregori o Elbo wh o superinten d th e wor k fo r th e exterminatio n o f th e locust s i n th e pueblo s o f thei r respectiv e districts Th e followin g amoun t o f locust s wer e caugh t an d buried : Cavanes Tunasa n 17 3 Calamb a 4 0 Pagsanja n 27 6 Siniloa n 11 5 Majayja y 3 4 Ba y 10 0 Mavita c .' 14 1 Lili o 8 Sant a Rosa 8 Sant a Cru z 50 1 Cabuya o 27 5 Sa n Antoni o 8 1 Riza l 2 5 Longo s 1 3 Lumba n 38 1 Lusian a ^ 18 7 Tota l ... 2,35 8 A t a meetin g o f th e 28t h o f Septembe r i t wa s resolve d t o sen d o f th e 32 0 picul s o f ric e shippe d t o th e superviso r o f th e province 3 0 cavane s t o Pagsanja n an d 2 0 cavane s eac h t o Calamba Bay

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3 6 Binan Sa n Antonio Cavinti Majayjay Sant a Cruz Lnmban Tnnasan Siniloan Nagcarlan Longos Paete an d Cabnyao Wor k continues JUA N CAILLES Provincial Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 311,16 3 pounds. ) L A UNION SA N FERNANDO P I. October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Repor t o f th e locus t board : First 13 6 barrio s o f th e 1 5 pueblo s o f th e provinc e hav e bee n invade d b y th e locusts ; second locust s destroye d unti l Septembe r 30 11,56 9 cavanes ; third 16 4 picul s o f ric e distribute d fo r wages ; fourth statement s o f crop s destroyed — th e los s o f mountai n ric e i s estimate d a t 7 5 pe r cen t an d th e los s o f ric e i n th e plain s a t 2 0 pe r cent i n proportio n t o th e productio n o f th e barrio s invaded ; fifth amoun t o f locust s no t destroyed abou t 3,20 0 cavanes ; sixth i t i s estimate d tha t i t wil l tak e a mont h t o destro y them I a m informe d tha t ther e ar e man y hopper s i n Benguet I f thes e ar e no t destroyed i t i s probabl e tha t soo n the y wil l gro w t o b e locust s an d d o damag e t o crops Th e genera l out loo k fo r crop s i n L a Unio n i s good i f th e locust s d o no t reappea r an d th e weathe r i s favorable Th e amoun t o f ric e necessar y ha s no t bee n distribute d o n accoun t o f difficult y o f transportation bu t i t i s expecte d i n accordanc e wit h th e lis t o f dail y wage s prepare d b y th e municipalities Th e sai d ric e ha s alread y bee n remitte d t o th e pueblos ORTEGA Provincial Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 11,56 9 cavanes equa l t o 1,590,73 7 pounds. ) LEPANTO-BONTOC CERVANTES P I. October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: I n complianc e wit h you r telegra m Septembe r 25 ther e ha s bee n receive d a t Cervante s 6 ^ ton s o f locust s fo r whic h ric e i s bein g issue d a t th e rat e o f 1 picu l o f ric e fo r 50 0 pound s o f locusts Inclusiv e date s ar e Septembe r 1 1 t o 13 Report s fro m presiden t o f Angqu i indicat e tha t 1 7 ton s o f locust s hav e bee n kille d i n tha t

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3 7 distric t sinc e th e passin g o f regulation s b y locus t boar d o n Septem be r 10 bu t believ e hi s figures ar e no t accurate althoug h i t i s tru e tha t hi s distric t ha s bee n th e cente r o f plagu e an d tha t activ e exterminatio n ha s bee n goin g o n constantl y fo r thre e weeks Onl y thre e district s complai n o f an y troubl e fro m locusts Th e res t o f th e provinc e u p t o dat e seem s fairl y fre e fro m thei r presence crop s bein g onl y slightl y injured Locust s hav e grow n t o flying stage I t ha s require d som e labo r o n th e par t o f inhabitant s t o scar e the m awa y fro m ric e fields. Peopl e ar e no w catchin g the m i n nets DINWIDDIE Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 46,50 0 pounds. ) LEYTE TACLOBAN P I. October I 1903. FERGUSSON Manila: Tanauan Dagami Paitriana Palo an d Tabontabo n an d thei r jurisdiction s hav e been affecte d wit h locusts Tanaua n ha s de stroye d 1,07 0 sack s o f locusts Pal o 1,036 Dagami 1,308 Tabon tabo n an d Pastran a hav e n o recor d o f amount bu t peopl e hav e destroye d al l locust s i n thei r station I n othe r part s o f th e prov inc e wher e locust s hav e appeare d bu t hav e bee n destroye d ar e Inopacan Cabalian an d Mertida Seno r Espera s ha s mad e a n inspectio n an d oversee n th e wor k o n thi s coas t wit h Senor s Flori deli s an d Danganga n o n th e wes t an d eas t coast s o f Leyte Island s o f Panaua n an d Delera n hav e n o locusts I n jurisdictio n o f Da gam i locust s ar e use d fo r food Th e mean s mostl y use d fo r destroy in g locust s ar e a pi t mad e wit h a trenc h o f banan a leave s place d above Th e locust s ar e the n drive n agains t th e trench A s th e locust s fal l int o th e pi t the y ar e covere d wit h dirt The y ar e i n siz e fro m one-hal f t o 2J inche s i n length blac k i n colo r whe n smal l bu t tur n dar k re d whe n large Th e locust s i n thi s province wit h th e exceptio n o f Inopaca n an d partl y i n Palo hav e don e n o har m t o crops I n th e place s visite d b y locust s th e farmer s ar e keepin g o n wit h th e plantin g o f palay corn etc Th e activit y i n thi s regar d i s ver y evident ; merchant s complai n tha t thi s yea r onl y one-hal f th e ric e i s sol d compare d wit h previou s years notwith standin g th e reduce d prices. Considerabl e increas e i n plantin g ha s take n plac e i n nearl y al l part s o f th e province an d larg e center s

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3 8 lik e Dagami Baruen an d Hilonga s hav e produce d thi s yea r mor e cor n tha n use d fo r thei r ow n population Fruit-producin g plants suc h a s bananas etc. ar e greatl y increase d fro m a yea r ago a bunc h o f banana s whic h sol d the n fo r 5 0 cent s no w sellin g fo r 1 0 cents N o fre e ric e an d n o mone y hav e bee n use d i n th e destruc tio n o f locusts Th e peopl e ar e bus y plantin g thei r crops an d wit h th e exceptio n o f Pal o ther e ha s bee n n o troubl e wit h th e municipa l authoritie s o r th e peopl e t o mov e the m agains t th e commo n enemy To-da y Tanaua n ha s destroye d 19 7 sack s o f locust s i n th e barrio s affected BORSETH Acting Governor. (Tota l numbe r o f locust s an d hopper s killed 3,61 1 sacks equa l t o 72,22 0 pounds. ) MASBATE MASBATE October 1, 1903. CIVI L GOVERNOR Manila: Referrin g t o th e labor s o f th e locus t board : Thi s wa s organize d Augus t 2 2 an d th e makin g o f th e regulation s Augus t 29 O n Septembe r 3 0 I directe d a circula r t o th e municipalitie s urgin g upo n th e president s th e du e fulfillmen t o f th e la w an d regulations Fo r som e day s pas t hopper s o r "loctones hav e appeare d i n som e o f th e municipalities bu t the y wer e a s smal l a s flies Th e wor k o f thei r exterminatio n i s no w beginnin g an d 1 shal l wir e yo u late r th e quantit y destroyed Ther e i s n o lac k o f galvanize d iron fo r th e leave s o f "badiang an d banana s ca n b e use d ver y wel l instead SERRANO Provincial Governor. MINDORO CALAPAN P I. October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Eigh t thousan d si x hundre d an d fiftee n pound s an d 4 0 cavane s o f locust s destroyed N o report s fro m Sablayan Mangarin Bula lacao Mansalay an d Bongabon OFFLEY Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 14,11 5 pounds. )

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3 9 MISAMIS CAGAYAN September 29, 1903. Th e CIVI L GOVERNOR Manila: M y repor t relativ e t o exterminatio n o f locust s i s a s follows : Cavanes Cagaya n 31 0 Agusa n 3 1 Tagaloa n 3 6 Sant a An a 4 Jasaa n 1 7 Balingasa g 1 0 Lagonlon g 14 Ipona n 18 0 Opo l 7 5 E l Salvado r 5 0 Alubiji d 8 Tota l 73 5 Equivalen t t o 101,062 ^ pound s o f locust s exterminated I n thi s wor k 5 2 piculs o f rice whic h I obtaine d o n credi t fro m merchants wa s used Whe n th e 50 0 picul s o f Governmen t ric e arrive d th e locust s ha d disappeared A t th e presen t tim e th e onl y locust s ar e thos e recentl y hatche d a t Tagoloan I t i s possibl e tha t other s ma y appea r late r o n i n othe r pueblos Hav e issue d order s t o continu e wor k o f extermination CORRALES Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 101,062 ^ pounds. ) REGEO S OCCIDENTAL BACOLOD October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Fro m th e 24t h o f Augus t unti l to-day beside s meeting s o f th e provincia l boar d fo r th e sam e purpose th e locus t boar d ha s hel d fou r meeting s i n Bacolo d t o th e en d o f studyin g an d adoptin g regulations actin g upo n th e petitio n o f thi s municipality an d tak in g measure s t o secur e activit y i n th e exterminatio n o f hoppers Vice-president s an d councilor s appointe d inspector s o f thei r re spectiv e district s hav e gon e ou t t o supervis e wor k o f extermination receiv e locust s an d hopper s caught an d certif y t o bill s o f workmen Loca l locus t committee s hav e bee n organized compose d o f th e municipa l president treasurer an d secretary t o caus e regulation s

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4 0 t o b e complie d with facilitat e work rende r account s t o locus t board an d tak e measure s an d ac t upo n case s no t provide d fo r b y regulation' s unti l th e locus t boar d shal l giv e it s fina l decision Fo r direc t supervisio n o f wor k i n thi s provinc e th e sam e ha s bee n divide d int o thre e sections tha t o f th e north center an d south on e o f th e agriculturalis t member s o f th e locus t boar d takin g charg e o f each Membe r MontillaA s visitin g th e pueblo s o f th e south inspectin g th e work ; membe r Gardalzo s i s inspectin g th e pueblo s o f th e center ; an d membe r Tecso n ha s alread y visite d severa l pueblo s o f hi s sectio n an d wil l i n eigh t day s undertak e hi s voyag e t o th e pueblo s o f th e extrem e north Accordin g t o report s receive d i n thi s offic e fro m member s o f th e locus t board presidents an d privat e citizens th e wor k o f exterminatio n ha s bee n carrie d o n sinc e th e mont h o f August whe n th e locust s firs t appeared bu t som e planter s ha d worke d i n a negligen t manner bein g satisfie d wit h forcin g th e hopper s int o th e adjacen t fields bu t generall y the y hav e worked Th e regulation s hav e stoppe d th e proceeding s o f a fe w negligen t planters an d th e wor k ha s bee n activel y promoted Th e workme n al l tak e par t i n th e wor k o f extermination i n whic h the y fin d subsistence O n accoun t o f th e increase d wor k an d th e genera l hig h price s th e provincia l boar d ha s foun d tha t mor e shee t iro n an d ric e ar e urgentl y needed an d ha s foun d i t necessar y t o expen d ric e fo r roa d wor k fo r issu e t o workme n engage d i n exterminatio n o f locusts i t bein g absolutel y impossibl e t o wai t fo r shipmen t o f rice I t i s impossibl e t o giv e exac t an d complet e dat a a s to-day' s new s ha s no t ye t bee n receive d fro m severa l pueblos bu t i n vie w o f officia l dat a an d reference s th e quantit y o f locust s ca n b e estimate d a t 50,40 0 cavanes O f thi s amoun t 21,00 0 cavane s wer e caugh t sinc e th e 1s t an d unti l th e 30t h o f September unde r th e directio n an d regulation s o f th e locus t board LOCSIN Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 50,40 0 cavanes equa l t o 6,930,00 0 pounds. ) NEGRO S ORIENTAL DUMAGUETE October 1, 1903. TAET Governor Manila: I n complianc e wit h telegra m o f 25t h o f Septembe r last I repor t a s follows : Provincia l locus t boar d hel d firs t sessio n Augus t 1 0

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4 1 wit h attendanc e o f ever y agricultura l member excep t Mr Rotea o f Bais o n accoun t o f sickness Followin g resolution s wer e ap prove d o n applicatio n b y supervisor-treasure r o f 4,00 0 picul s o f ric e an d 50 0 galvanize d iro n sheet s fo r exterminatio n o f locusts Second t o recommen d th e town s t o procee d vigorousl y t o th e killin g o f locust s i n th e sam e wa y a s wa s don e pursuan t t o forme r direc tions meanwhil e a cop y o f Ac t No 81 7 an d th e iro n sheet s ordere d wer e receive d here I n sessio n o f Augus t 2 4 th e boar d resolve d th e following : First immediatel y enforc e th e abov e ac t i n th e provinc e wit h penaltie s prescribe d therein recommendin g th e presi dent s no t t o compe l person s wh o ar e to o poo r an d thos e wh o hav e t o wor k t o ear n thei r dail y food ; second t o exemp t official s an d employee s o f th e provincia l governmen t fro m th e destructio n o f locusts; wfyic h resolution s wer e communicate d t o th e president s o f al l municipalitie s i n a circula r fro m thi s offic e tha t sam e day I n sessio n o f Augus t 2 9 I submitte d t o th e boar d th e regulation s fo r th e destructio n o f th e locusts a s follows : First T o consul t th e loca l locus t board s consistin g o f th e presi dent vice-president anc T councilors bein g jointl y responsibl e fo r th e complianc e o f th e ac t an d th e instruction s o f th e provincia l boar d i n accordanc e wit h sai d act Second T o divid e eac h municipa l jurisdictio n int o fou r section s fo r th e destructio n o f locusts th e councilor s o f th e barrio s comprise d b y sectio n bein g i n charg e o f th e directio n i n th e exterminatio n o f th e plague Third Dutie s o f councilor s t o repor t dail y t o th e presiden t th e wor k an d amoun t o f dea d locust s an d als o th e person s delin quen t i n complianc e wit h th e law Fourth T o g o wit h th e peopl e o f thei r barrio s t o th e immediat e sectio n whe n excessivel y inhabite d b y th e plague Fifth Ever y perso n require d b y th e la w t o kil l locust s shal l provid e himsel f wit h a sac k o r "salibut fo r th e destructio n o f th e grow n locust s o n passin g hi s section Sixth Impressin g o n th e councilor s penalt y prescribe d i n sec tio n 5 Ac t 817 fo r no t complyin g wit h thes e regulations Seventh T o requir e municipa l president s t o repor t t o provin cia l boar d ever y thre e day s o f th e wor k accomplishe d i n th e de structio n o f th e plague als o th e amoun t o f fine s collected Eighth T o recommen d t o loca l boar d tha t i n th e administratio n

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4 2 o f ric e assigne d fo r th e poo r peopl e t o adher e strictl y t o th e instruction s receive d fro m th e supervisor-treasurer Thes e reso lution s wer e approve d b y th e boar d i n sessio n o n th e 31s t o f August Th e boar d approve d th e instruction s presente d b y th e supervisor-treasure r fo r th e loca l board s i n th e distributio n an d administratio n o f th e ric e assignment th e pound s o f ric e dail y fo r eac h perso n workin g on e whol e day Th e amoun t o f dea d locust s s o fa r a s follows : Municipality Locusts Baco n Sibla s Ayquie n Ambla n Ta n ja y Bai a Jimallu d __ Guijulugan Mari a Total Cavanes. Cavanes. 5 2 2 6 1 4 Fro m th e othe r town s n o communicatio n ha s bee n receive d abou t th e locusts Th e cro p o f cor n whic h wa s commence d t o b e harveste d i n th e las t day s o f Augus t ha s cause d th e ric e t o b e no t ver y muc h neede d i n th e majorit y o f th e towns an d onl y 5 0 sack s hav e bee n sen t t o Guijuluga n an d 1 0 t o Maria Th e heav y rain s whic h poure d i n her e durin g Septembe r hav e con tribute d a grea t dea l i n th e destructio n o f th e locus t plague ; i n th e mids t o f sai d mont h i t ha d disappeare d almos t entirely re appearin g i n thos e day s i n intens e cloud s o f locust s fro m th e Islan d o f Cebu causin g ver y littl e damag e i n th e cornfield s pene tratin g th e thicknes s o f th e plagu e i n th e interio r o f th e moun tains wher e i t i s presume d the y hav e lai d eggs th e balance whic h passe d throug h th e town s o f Sibulan Dumaguete an d Bacong bein g destroye d i n th e las t five day s o f September Th e ne w plantin g o f cor n appear s t o b e goo d an d abundant an d th e genera l aspec t o f agricultur e i s hig h i n favor LARENA Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 2,08 6 cavanes equa l t o 286,82 5 pounds. )

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4 3 NUEV A ECIJA SA N ISIDRO October 1, 1903. TAFT Civil Governor, Manila: Locus t boar d wa s organize d Augus t 8 1903 an d regulation s drafte d an d remitte d t o municipalitie s fo r complianc e o n th e sam e date althoug h n o locust s ha d a t tha t tim e appeare d a t an y pueblo O n Septembe r 1 4 th e boar d me t an d resolve d t o regulat e distri butio n o f ric e t o peopl e engage d i n catchin g locust s an d larvae Fiv e hundre d an d thirty-si x picul s o f ric e an d 24 0 piece s o f gal vanize d iro n wer e distribute d t o municipalities Fro m Augus t 2 7 t o Septembe r 30 1,29 6 cavane s an d 1 5 ganta s o f larva e an d 74 1 cavane s an d 1 2 ganta s o f locust s hav e bee n caught accordin g t o report s o f president s o f Cuyapo Gapan Paharanda Sa n Leo nardo Jaen Cabiao Sa n Isidro Sant a Rosa an d Sa n Antonio Ric e distribute d ha s no t ye t bee n accounte d fo r b y th e presidents Cop y o f act s b y mail ROQUE Acting Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 2,03 8 cavanes equa l t o 282,22 5 pounds. ) NUEV A VIZCAYA BAYOMBONG September 30, 1903. TAFT Civil Governor, Manila: Provincia l locus t boar d wa s organize d Augus t 22 Betwee n tha t dat e an d Septembe r 7 nothin g o f importanc e wa s done a s ther e wer e n o locust s reporte d i n province Locust s appeare d o n Septembe r 7 i n township s o f Bayombong Solano an d Bagabag an d activ e operation s agains t the m bega n a t once Th e native s obeye d th e la w an d turne d ou t i n larg e numbers Som e 8 0 o r 9 0 cavane s o f locust s wer e destroye d u p t o Septembe r 24 whe n the y disappeare d afte r havin g deposite d eggs I n variou s place s wor k i s no w confine d t o destroyin g egg s an d youn g locust s a s the y hatch I t wa s difficul t t o kil l th e locust s becaus e the y di d no t com e i n dens e drove s a s usual bu t wer e scattered BENNETT Governor. BAYOMBONG October 2, 1903. TAFT Civil Governor, Manila. Supplementar y t o m y repor t o n locust s Septembe r 30 locust s destroye d som e corn suga r cane an d garde n truck The y attacke d

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4 4 som e o f th e newl y plante d ric e fields bu t di d littl e damage a s native s flooded fields wit h water an d locust s wer e onl y abl e t o ea t top s o f ne w ric e dow n t o water' s edge Thi s doe s no t injur e cro p whe n ric e i s stil l young BENNETT Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 11,68 8 pounds. ) PAMPANGA BACOLOR October 1, 1903. Th e CIVI L GOVERNOR Manila: Locust s hav e bee n kille d unde r directio n o f locus t boar d fo r th e perio d endin g Septembe r 30 ; weight i n pounds a s follows : Pounds Apali t 33,62 5 Araya t 3,70 0 Bacolo r 1,25 0 Candab a 72,50 0 Luba o 2,50 0 Macabeb e 25 0 Magalan g 29,45 0 Mexic o 67,57 5 Minali n ; 4,07 5 Pora c 5,00 0 Sa n Fernand o 50,00 0 Sa n Lui s 86,40 0 Sa n Simo n 52,92 5 Sant a An a 10,80 0 Sant o Toma s 9,00 0 Tota l 429,05 0 JOVEN Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 429,05 0 pounds. ) PANGASINAN LINGAYEN October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: I n complianc e wit h you r telegra m o f th e 25t h o f Septembe r I woul d stat e tha t th e boar d fo r th e exterminatio n o f th e locust s wa s organize d o n th e 14t h da y o f Augus t an d th e provinc e wa s

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4 5 divide d int o thre e districts t o eac h o f whic h a n agriculturalis t membe r wa s assigne d t o th e en d o f directin g an d inspectin g th e work Suitabl e regulation s wer e adopte d fo r th e executio n o f Ac t 81 7 an d Ac t 834 amendator y thereto Th e thre e agricultural is t member s continuall y trave l throug h th e pueblo s wher e hopper s appear Thes e ar e caugh t an d exterminate d b y mean s o f ditches whic h giv e ver y goo d results I t ha d bee n trie d onc e t o use shee t iron an d i t ha s bee n see n tha t i t wa s no t necessary Hopper s hav e appeare d i n 2 4 o f th e 3 7 pueblo s o f th e province Fro m th e dat e o f th e organizatio n o f th e boar d unti l th e 30t h o f Septembe r 1,18 9 cavane s o f hopper s hav e bee n exterminated N o list s o f th e wor k performe d b y poo r peopl e wh o shoul d receiv e rice non e o f whic h ha s bee n expende d a s yet hav e bee n receive d s o far Th e peopl e wor k wit h pleasur e i n th e exterminatio n o f th e hoppers an d n o fin e ha s bee n impose d a s yet Th e destructio n cause d b y th e hopper s i s o f n o importance ; i t amount s t o littl e i n th e ric e crop an d th e ric e i s recovering th e leave s eate n b y th e locust s hav in g grow n again Th e los s o f suga r can e i s estimate d a t 5 0 pe r cent Th e genera l aspec t o f th e ric e cro p i s satisfactor y a t present „ / FAVILA Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 1,18 9 cavanes equa l t o 163,48 7 pounds. ) PAEAGUA CUYO October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Th e locus t boar d ha s ha d nothin g t o d o i n th e Provinc e o f Para gu a excep t t o b e o n th e lookou t fo r th e comin g o f locusts Earl y i n Augus t severa l smal l swarm s o f locust s wer e blow n fro m Pana y o r Mindor o durin g a northeas t win d t o th e Cuyo s an d Calamiane s groups I n eac h cas e th e native s turne d ou t an d kep t the m mov in g unti l the y wer e drive n eithe r int o th e mountain s o r th e sea Ver y littl e damag e wa s don e b y th e locusts Th e stron g monsoo n wind s prevente d the m fro m returnin g afte r onc e bein g drive n away Th e ric e cro p ha s suffere d mor e fro m th e rai n thi s seaso n bein g lat e i n comin g tha n fro m th e locusts MILLER Governor.

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4 6 RIZAL PASIG September 30, 1903. Th e CIVI L GOVERNOR Manila: SI R : I n complianc e wit h you r order s I hav e th e hono r t o infor m yo u tha t th e padd y an d sugar-can e crop s i n th e pueblo s o f Pasig Mariquina Sa n Mateo Montalbon Cainta Taytay Antipolo Boso boso an d Teres a ar e a t presen t i n a ver y goo d condition bu t ther e i s dange r tha t th e locust s wil l retur n an d destro y them a s ha s happene d before I n Bosobos o an d Teres a ther e i s a t presen t a plentifu l suppl y o f corn camotes gabes ubes mangos an d othe r eatabl e tuber s o n hand an d i t ma y b e affirme d withou t exaggeratio n tha t th e pro ductio n wil l excee d th e consumption Th e locust s hav e agai n appeare d i n th e pueblo s o f Taguig Sa n Mateo Montalbon Tanay Jalajala an d Pasi g i n thi s province comin g fro m Cavit e an d Lagun a d e Bay Th e resident s o f th e aforesai d pueblo s hav e s o fa r destroye d 4,354 ^ cavane s o f hopper s i n th e stag e know n a s "moscones, an d a lik e amoun t o f flyiug locust s an d thei r larvae whic h wa s als o destroye d an d burnt Durin g m y frequen t excursion s int o th e countr y th e resident s assure d m e tha t the y ha d see n i n th e wood s larg e amount s o f dea d locust s an d tha t the y ha d see n larg e swarm s o f grow n locust s fal l dow n t o th e groun d dead statin g tha t the y di d no t kno w t o wha t t o attribut e thi s strang e phenomena I the n explaine d t o the m th e marvelou s result s obtaine d b y th e us e o f th e fungu s an d tol d the m no t t o us e thos e insect s fo r foo d afte r this I believ e tha t I hav e bee n t o som e exten t successfu l b y goin g dail y fro m puebl o t o puebl o an d advisin g th e inhabitant s t o b e persever in g an d constan t i n thei r work judgin g b y th e larg e area s o f lan d no w cultivated althoug h i t i s surprisin g ho w wel l th e field s ar e tilled a s th e absenc e o f labo r cattl e i s mor e t o b e notice d no w tha n ever I hav e travele d wit h th e provincia l boar d throug h al l th e pueblo s borderin g o n Manila,'an d th e 3 d instan t i s th e da y designate d t o visi t th e pueblo s o f th e forme r distric t o f Morong I conside r thes e visit s t o th e pueblo s ver y necessary a s i t i s essentia l t o animat e th e patien t farme r wh o ha s t o struggle first wit h th e lac k o f cara baos ; second wit h th e lac k o f water ; third wit h th e destructiv e locusts ; an d fourth wit h th e rat s an d littl e worm s whic h attac k

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4 7 an d destro y th e crop s o f padd y an d suga r cane leavin g th e stalk s standin g an d useless I shoul d lik e t o hav e o n han d a t m y disposa l abou t 40 0 piculs o f ric e fo r th e purpos e o f succorin g wit h th e sam e th e mos t need y o f th e peopl e engage d i n th e exterminatio n o f th e locust s an d o f alleviatin g t o som e exten t th e destitutio n o f th e inhabitants Speakin g o f th e wor k o f th e locus t board I ca n infor m yo u tha t o n th e 20t h o f th e curren t mont h a n ordinanc e wa s passe d makin g th e wor k fo r th e exterminatio n o f th e locust s obligator y fo r al l inhabitants wit h th e exception s provide d b y law A s soo n a s th e preparator y wor k ha d bee n completed th e member s o f th e boar d scattere d ou t amongs t th e followin g pueblos i n orde r t o mak e thi s ordinanc e mor e effective : Messrs Arturo Dancel an d Manue l Jab so n i n th e pueblo s o f Pasig Pateros Taguig Muntinlupa Sa n Pedr o Macati Sa n Jua n de l Monte Sa n Felip e ISTeri Cainta Tay tay Antipolo an d Bosoboso ; Mr Matia s Angele s i n th e pueblo s o f Montalbon Sa n Mateo Mariquina jSTovaliches Caloocan Mala bon an d Navotas ; Mr Estanisla o Melendre z i n th e pueblo s o f Teresa Angono Binangonan Baras Cardona Morong Tanay Palila Quisao an d Jalajala Th e provincia l superviso r ha s bee n designate d fo r th e wor k o f distributin g an d shippin g th e materia l necessar y fo r th e destruc tio n o f th e insect s an d o f th e periodica l issu e o f ric e t o al l th e pueblos Thi s i s al l tha t ha s bee n don e s o fa r i n regar d t o th e agricultur e an d th e destructio n o f th e locusts I f i t merit s you r approva l thi s wil l b e considere d a goo d rewar d b y th e undersigne d wh o respect full y greet s you A DANCEL Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 8,71 9 cavanes equa l t o 1,198,86 2 pounds. ) EOMBLON ROMBLON September 25, 1903. Th e EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: SIR : I hav e th e hono r t o submi t th e followin g a s a repor t o n th e suppressio n o f locust s i n thi s province : Th e boar d appointe d b y you r offic e fo r thi s purpos e hel d it s

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4 8 firs t meetin g a t Looc Tabla s Island o n th e 26t h o f August 1903 Rule s an d regulation s (cop y inclosed) 1 wer e adopted Th e questio n o f usin g iro n sheet s wa s brough t befor e th e boar d b y th e actin g superviso r and afte r discussion i t wa s decide d tha t inasmuc h a s th e peopl e o f thi s provinc e ha d bee n the n engage d fo r a mont h i n th e suppressio n o f th e locust s an d wer e usin g thi s metho d fo r catchin g th e locust s wit h success iro n sheet s wer e no t though t t o b e necessary (Metho d used : Buildin g trenche s an d coverin g th e sam e wit h banan a leave s an d the n drivin g th e locust s int o thi s trench whe n the y wer e covere d ove r wit h ground. ) I t wa s no t though t necessar y t o suppl y ric e unles s applicatio n fo r th e sam e wa s received an d therefor e th e Civi l Governo r wa s no t requeste d t o furnis h any U p t o th e presen t dat e no t a singl e applicatio n ha s bee n receive d fo r assistance an d i t i s no t though t tha t an y wil l b e received a s th e peopl e seeme d ver y willin g t o undertak e thi s wor k fo r thei r ow n benefit Report s hav e bee n receive d fro m th e Islan d o f Sibuyan wher e abou t 50 0 pound s o f locust s hav e bee n exterminated Owin g t o a misunderstandin g th e othe r pueblo s hav e faile d t o sen d i n thei r report s i n th e manne r indicate d b y th e board an d onl y repor t tha t th e inhabitant s ar e engage d i n th e work bu t fai l t o stat e th e amoun t o f locust s caught Thi s faul t wil l b e remedie d a s soo n a s communicatio n ca n b e ha d wit h outlyin g towns Owin g t o th e scattere d locatio n o f th e pueblo s an d th e fac t tha t n o launc h i s availabl e fo r us e b y th e board i t i s nearl y impossibl e t o properl y overse e th e work A s soo n a s correcte d report s ar e receive d the y wil l b e forwarde d t o you r office Ver y respectfully FRANCISC O SANZ Governor. ROMBLON September 30, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Repor t o f boar d fo r suppressio n o f locusts Romblo n Province : Boar d organize d a t Looc Tabla s Island Augus t 26 Assembl y receive d instruction s fo r exterminatio n o f locusts Wor k ha s bee n carrie d o n wit h grea t vigo r sinc e tha t date Owin g t o scattere d conditio n o f provinc e an d n o stea m transportatio n member s o f 1 No t printed

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4 9 boar d no t abl e t o ge t aroun d province Report s receive d t o dat e sho w 6,82 5 pound s locust s exterminate d o n Tabla s Island The y ar e suppose d t o b e al l o f th e sam e clas s an d hav e no t t o dat e don e muc h damage O n Sibuya n Islan d report s sho w 50 0 pound s exter minated Repor t doe s no t sho w siz e o f locusts A s ye t n o appli catio n ha s bee n receive d fo r rice an d peopl e al l see m t o realiz e tha t wor k i s fo r thei r ow n benefit Ca n no t Civi l Governo r sen d a launc h fo r abou t te n day s i n orde r t o properl y overse e thi s work ? A m o f th e opinio n combine d operation s woul d b e mean s o f entirel y exterminatin g locusts N o locust s o n Banto n o r Rom blo n Island SANZ Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 7,32 5 pounds. ) SAMAR CATBALOGAN October 1, 1903. Governo r TAFT Manila: Sinc e organizatio n o f locus t boar d circular s hav e bee n sen t t o al l th e pueblo s givin g thoroug h instruction s fo r th e killin g o f locust s an d hopper s an d th e destructio n o f th e egg s deposite d b y them Pueblo s invade d b y locust s ar e Catbalogan Paranas Jiabang Sa n Julian Sulat Calbayog Weyler The y hav e bee n instructe d t o compl y wit h th e circula r order s o f thi s boar d an d th e ac t passed Th e governo r an d tw o member s wen t t o Parana s t o pus h exterminatio n o f locust s an d se e th e result s o f th e meas ure s employed The y too k t o th e sai d puebl o 5 0 sheet s o f iro n an d 1 0 sack s o f rice a s requested Sixt y sack s o f hopper s wer e caught an d th e aforesai d puebl o i s now fre e fro m locusts I n Jiaban g 2 5 sack s o f locust s wer e caught an d th e swar m lef t fo r elsewhere I n Calbayo g abou t 3 0 cavane s o f locust s hav e bee n killed I t i s calculate d tha t 1 0 cavane s o f hopper s hav e bee n kille d i n Catbalogan Calbayog an d Calbigay Catbaloga n an d Parana s see m t o b e fre e fro m locust s now Locus t plagu e ha s de stroye d man y fields o f padd y an d suga r cane an d tuber s ar e plante d everywher e i n orde r t o preven t famine Th e launc h o f thi s provinc e bein g i n a ba d condition i t i s no t possibl e t o tak e ric e an d shee t iro n t o pueblo s invade d b y th e locusts I hav e n o new s fro m th e pueblo s o f Weyler Sa n Julian an d Sulat fo r 1404 3 4

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5 0 lac k o f communication I therefor e woul d as k fo r anothe r launc h whil e th e Guy Howard i s bein g repaired i f thi s i s possible t o th e en d o f assistin g pueblo s invade d b y locusts wher e al l rende r grea t assistanc e t o wor k o f thi s government SINGSON Governor. MANILA P I. October 2, 1903. SINGSON Governor, Gatbalogan, Samar: Referrin g you r telegra m 1s t instant wha t wa s weight o f sack s fille d wit h hopper s an d locusts ? (Signed ) FERGUSSON Executive Secretary. CATBALOGAN October 3, 1903. FERGUSSON Executive Secretary, Manila: Replyin g t o you r telegra m date d yesterday I woul d stat e tha t accordin g t o informatio n receive d b y thi s governmen t 11,87 5 pound s o f hopper s an d 3,75 0 pound s o f locust s hav e bee n kille d i n fou r pneblos Th e wor k wil l fo r th e presen t b e rathe r impede d b y th e lac k o f a steamer althoug h th e pneblo s ar e ver y enthusias ti c t o caus e th e locus t plagu e t o disappear SINGSON Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 15,62 5 pounds. ) SORSOGON SORSOGON October 1, 1903. Th e CIVI L GOVERNOR Manila: Hav e visite d a larg e par t o f th e province a s I informe d yo u i n du e tim e o n m y arrival withou t hearin g anythin g abou t locusts However i n orde r t o provid e fo r futur e contingencies I believ e that i n vie w o f th e topographica l situatio n o f thi s province i t woul d b e advisabl e t o appoin t a t leas t fou r agriculturalis t mem ber s fo r thi s service i f you r hono r agrees I salut e you MONREAL Governor.

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5 1 SURIG-AO SURIGAO October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: y Locust s destroye d a s follow s a t Surigao : Sacks Augus t 2 0 U Augus t 2 5 1 2 Augus t 2 6 1 5 Augus t 2 7 4 Augus t 2 8 3 Augus t 2 9 7 Septembe r 1 3 Septembe r 3 8 Septembe r 6 6 Septembe r 7 7 Septembe r 9 7 Tota l 73 Approximat e weight 2,94 0 pounds Al l matur e locusts H o repor t fro m othe r towns On e agriculturis t sen t t o Butua n re porte d n o locust s i n Juban Scout s an d Constabular y calle d upo n t o enforc e th e order s o f boar d i n Surigao RAFAE L ELIOT Acting Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f .locust s an d hopper s killed 2,94 0 pounds. ) TARLAC TARLAC September 30, 1903. Th e EXECUTIV E SECRETARY SIR : I hav e th e hono r t o infor m yo u tha t durin g th e secon d hal f o f thi s mont h o f Septembe r th e situatio n o f th e provinc e i n regar d t o th e locust s i s th e following accordin g t o informatio n furnishe d b y th e municipa l presidents : A t Pura Moriones Murcia O'Donnell Gerona Sa n Clemente an d L a Pa z neithe r locust s no r hopper s hav e mad e thei r appearance A t Paniqu i non e hav e appeare d either exceptin g a smal l quan tit y o f hopper s whic h appeare d o n th e fiel d o f a resident whos e tenant s succeede d i n exterminatin g the m immediately I n th e puebl o o f Capa s i t ha s als o bee n impossibl e t o totall y exterminat e th e hopper s whic h ha d appeare d a t thre e differen t place s i n tha t municipalit y sinc e th e firs t hal f o f th e presen t month A t Sa n Ignaci o 49 9 cavane s o f hopper s hav e bee n killed an d

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5 2 th e resident s ar e a t wor k i n orde r t o exterminat e wha t stil l re mains I n Victori a th e wor k o f destructio n i s stil l goin g o n i n th e barrio s wher e hopper s appear althoug h th e plagu e ha s de crease d considerably I n th e barrio s o f Sa n Jose Burgos an d Malua c o f Moncad a 36 8 person s hav e bee n engage d i n th e wor k durin g th e las t fiftee n day s an d hav e exterminate d 3 8 cavane s an d 1 0 gantas I n Bamba n 1 2 cavane s o f hopper s wer e kille d i n th e barri o o f Culubasa an d onl y a n insignifican t quantit y remains I n Tarlac th e capital abou t 3 0 cavane s o f hopper s hav e bee n exterminated an d th e barrio s ar e no w fre e fro m them I n Concepcio n th e hopper s hav e appeare d i n larg e number s durin g th e las t fiftee n days i n th e barrio s o f Santiago Sant o Nino Sa n Francisco an d Telablanca an d th e councilor s o f th e sai d barrio s hav e personall y take n charg e o f th e directio n o f th e work i n whic h te n person s fro m eac h o f th e seventee n barrio s o f tha t puebl o ar e engage d daily Durin g th e perio d aforementione d the y hav e succeede d i n killin g 40 5 cavane s o f hoppers, o f whic h s o fe w ar e lef t tha t the y d o no t constitut e a menac e o r dange r t o th e crops Th e pueblo s o f Camilin g an d Ana o hav e no t sen t thei r weekl y report s durin g th e las t fifteen days whic h indicate s tha t nothin g ne w ha s happene d i n th e same I woul d invit e you r attentio n t o th e fac t tha t sinc e th e wor k o f th e exterminatio n o f thi s plagu e commenced an d notwithstand in g al l th e wor k performe d i n al l th e municipalitie s o f thi s prov ince non e o f th e latte r hav e aske d th e provincia l governmen t fo r rice althoug h I kno w personall y tha t man y o f th e resident s ar e withou t thi s articl e an d subsis t o n maiz e an d tubers Thi s i s a n unselfis h ac t an d a sacrific e fo r whic h on e mus t giv e credi t t o thes e people wh o humbl y obe y th e la w an d ar e read y t o defen d it s interests I therefor e woul d as k th e honorabl e th e Civi l Gov erno r fo r authorit y t o dispos e o f a t leas t 30 0 o f th e 5,00 0 picnl s o f ric e o n han d here s o tha t i f th e inhabitant s stat e thei r need s an d as k fo r succo r I ca n immediatel y provid e relie f withou t preju dic e t o renderin g a detaile d repor t t o yo u i n regar d t o th e appli catio n o f th e sai d article Ver y respectfully ALFONS O RAMOS Provincial Governor. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 135,35 4 pounds. )

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5 3 TAYABAS LUCENA September 30, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Durin g th e perio d fro m 26t h t o 29t h 7 4 cavane s o f locust s hav e bee n destroyed Th e locus t boar d recor d show s tha t durin g th e perio d fro m Augus t 3 t o Septembe r 3 0 th e followin g amoun t o f locust s hav e bee n destroyed : 26 7 sack s an d 1,22 1 cavane s an d 3,95 0 pounds i t bein g heret o include d th e 20 0 sacks.an d 16 3 ca vane s destroye d previou s t o th e constitutio n o f th e board Durin g •Jul y ultim o i n Sant a Cruz Marinduque 400 an d i n Torrijos 4 5 cavanes. (Tota l amoun t o f locust s an d hopper s killed 270,95 3 pounds. ) Mr A W FERGUSSON Executive Secretary, Manila, P. I. SIR : I n complianc e wit h m y telegra m o f th e 1s t o f October I hav e th e pleasur e o f sendin g yo u a detaile d statemen t o f th e locust s destroye d i n thi s provinc e fro m Ma y t o Septembe r o f thi s year an d a detaile d tabulate d statemen t o f th e crop s destroye d b y tha t plagu e i n thi s provinc e durin g th e month s o f Augus t an d Sep tembe r o f th e sam e year Respectfully POTENCIAN O LESACA A detaile d statemen t o f th e locust s destroye d i n th e severa l pueblo s o f Zambale s b y virtu e o f ordinance s issue d b y th e pro vincia l boar d durin g th e perio d fro m Ma y 2 t o Septembe r 3 1903 sai d ordinance s bein g suspende d o n th e latte r date Amoun t de stroyed 3,541 J cavanes Th e provincia l treasure r owe s therefo r t o loca l locus t board s th e su m o f $708.20 Mexican Th e numbe r o f locust s caugh t an d destroye d b y virtu e o f Ac t No 81 7 wa s a s follows : PARAS Governor. ZAMBALES IBA October 15, 1903. Provincial Governor. Cavanes August 190 3 September 190 3 2,24 6 155 Tota l 2,401

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5 4 Th e followin g i s a detaile d tabulate d statemen t o f th e crop s destroye d b y th e locust s an d hopper s i n th e severa l pueblo s o f Zambales an d th e amoun t o f damag e thu s caused : I n August : Mexica n currency 3 9 quinone s 9 balita s an d 2 loane s o f padd y $27,38 9 1 8 quinone s an d 3 balita s o f maiz e 1,83 1 2 quinone s an d 2 balita s o f suga r can e 95 0 30,17 0 Destroye d i n Candelari a an d Ib a i n September : 1 2 quinone s 9 balita s an d 5 loane s o f padd y $4,10 0 1 balit a o f cor n 2 5 — 4,12 5 Tota l 34,29 5 A considerabl e quantit y o f locus t egg s wa s destroye d i n th e municipalit y o f Castillejo s o n th e 25t h o f August 1903 Thank s t o th e zea l an d activit y o f th e municipa l officials wh o cooperate d wit h th e locust board an d especiall y t o th e patriotis m o f th e inhabitants wh o readil y an d enthusiasticall y responde d t o th e in vitatio n o f th e boar d t o exterminat e th e locust s b y th e metho d know n a s "pintacasi, i t ha s bee n possibl e t o exterminat e th e locust s almos t entirely an d i t ca n b e affirme d tha t fro m Sep tembe r 2 0 t o 2 5 las t th e provinc e wa s fre e fro m tha t terribl e plague O f th e Governmen t ric e onl y tw o sack s hav e bee n use d s o fa r fo r th e exterminatio n o f th e locusts Th e wealth y inhab itant s o f th e pueblos a s honorar y member s o f th e locus t board too k i t upo n themselve s t o furnis h th e poo r wit h food Thi s repor t i s i n accordanc e wit h th e dat a furnishe d b y th e munici palitie s an d o n fil e i n th e offic e o f th e provincia l secretary Total amount of locusts reported destroyed by provinces. Province Abr a Alba y (report s 30 0 bags ) Ambo s Camarine s Antiqu e Batanga s Bulaca n Cagaya n Capi z Cavit e Iloco s Nort e Iloco s Su r Iloil o Isabel a L a Lagun a L a Unio n Lepanto-Bonto c Le y t e Amount Pounds. 34,34 0 20,00 0 75,84 0 61,92 9 634,70 0 1,534,97 5 99,82 5 371,86 8 683,50 6 681,17 5 547,31 2 45,10 0 14,98 8 311,16 3 1,590,73 7 46,50 0 72,22 0 Province Mindor o Misami s Negro s Occidenta l Negro s Orienta l _.. Nuev a Ecij a Nuev a Vizcay a Pampang a Pangasina n Riza l Romblo m Sama r Suriga o Tarla c Tayaba s Zambale s Tota l

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APPENDI X C TELEGRAMS MANILA June 16, 1903. PROVINCIA L GOVERNO R ( Al l Provinces) : Civi l Governo r desire s t o know : Ho w i s foo d suppl y i n you r province ? Wha t i s pric e o f rice ? Whe n i s you r nex t cro p an d wha t th e prospect ? Ar e ther e starvin g peopl e i n you r province ? Telegrap h answe r a t once FERGUSSON ABBA [Translation. ] BANGUED ABRA June 18-19, 1903. FERGUSSON Executive Secretary, Manila: Replyin g t o you r telegra m o f th e 16t h instan t a s t o pric e o f ric e an d prospect s o f crop I hav e th e pleasur e o f transmittin g t o yo u th e followin g painfu l data : Th e comin g cro p o f cor n i n thi s provinc e ough t t o b e gathere d durin g thi s mont h o f Jun e an d Jul y next bu t thes e articles a s wel l a s othe r foo d stuff s plante d i n March, owin g t o th e locusts wil l b e ni l i n th e town s o f Bucay Dolores Sa n Juan L a Paz Dangtas an d par t o f Sa n Gregorio a s wel l a s i n th e settlement s o f non-Christia n tribe s i n th e nort h an d eas t o f th e province ; tha t i s t o say i n mor e tha n hal f o f th e same Th e nex t cro p o f padd y wil l b e i n Novembe r an d Decem ber bu t th e see d plat s -fo r thi s crop owin g t o th e sam e plagu e o f locusts hav e bee n likewis e los t i n th e sai d town s an d par t o f Tayu m an d Bangued A s th e fiel d hand s ha d t o so w ne w see d plat s o f padd y rathe r lat e becaus e o f th e locusts i f ther e i s an y yiel d a t al l i t wil l b e ver y small—abou t a thir d smalle r tha n usual Th e highes t presen t pric e o f ric e i n th e town s mos t attacke d b y th e locust s i s fro m 8 t o 1 0 cents Mexican pe r pound ; an d th e lowes t pric e i n Bangue d an d town s i n th e sout h o f th e province wher e th e locust than k God ha s no t appeare d i n devastatin g num ber s u p t o th e present th e pric e o f th e articl e i s fro m 5 t o 6 cent s 5 5

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5 6 pe r pound Eve r sinc e th e mont h of Ma y th e scarcit y o f cereal s ha s begu n t o b e fel t here an d th e scarcit y ha s increase d mor e an d mor e owin g t o th e increasin g damag e cause d b y th e locusts B y mai l I shal l sen d yo u th e detaile d commnnication s o f th e municipa l president s regardin g th e sa d situatio n o f th e town s throug h lac k o f food JUA N VILLAMOR Provincial Governor. ALBAY ALBAY June 11, 1903. FERGUSSON Executive Secretary, Manila: Replyin g t o you r telegra m 16th ther e i s plent y o f ric e i n th e almacene s i n thi s province Ric e i n seapor t town s wort h $7.40 Town s cente r o f provinc e $8.40 Town s farthes t fro m th e ports 9 pesos Thi s i s th e seaso n fo r plantin g ric e i n thi s province A ver y larg e acreag e i s no w bein g prepared Hav e jus t returne d fro m th e interio r wit h Colone l Bandholtz wher e w e hav e extende d th e line s o f reconcentratio n i n th e rice-prodncin g pneblos t o enabl e the m t o continu e th e furthe r plantin g o f rice Th e dam s i n th e stream s tha t suppl y thes e plain s wit h wate r fo r th e ric e fields, an d whic h wer e destroye d a fe w year s ago hav e al l bee n reconstructe d an d the y no w hav e abundanc e o f water Ther e i s som e sufferin g i n som e o f th e reconcentrate d pneblos U p t o th e presen t al l wh o desire d wor k wer e give n wor k o n th e publi c highway Ou r roa d fund however i s runnin g ver y lo w owin g t o th e fac t tha t th e provinc e ha s bee n scarcel y abl e t o collec t an y taxe s durin g th e perio d o f reconcentration A continuatio n o f th e reconcentratio n n o doub t wil l compe l n s t o as k th e Commissio n fo r som e assist ance I a m opposed however t o distributin g relie f gratuitously ; thos e requirin g assistanc e shoul d b e willin g t o giv e thei r labo r i n compensatio n fo r same A n inspectio n o f th e highway s bein g constructe d b y th e municipalitie s wit h th e fund s recentl y loane d the m b y th e provinc e t o giv e wor k t o thos e requirin g assistanc e dis close s th e fac t tha t th e municipalitie s ca n secur e a greate r amoun t o f wor k fro m thei r peopl e wit h th e sam e amoun t o f mone y tha n ca n b e accomplishe d b y th e province Al l thi s work however i s bein g don e unde r th e supervisio n o f th e provincia l superviso r throug h competen t roa d foreme n pai d b y th e province Thes e highway s ar e bein g constructe d a t abou t one-thir d th e pric e the y woul d cos t

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5 7 i n norma l times Ther e i s bu t littl e chang e i n th e ladron e situa tion The y apparentl y hav e gon e int o hiding I hav e a grea t dea l o f fait h i n Colone l Bandholtz' s abilit y t o handl e th e situation BETTS Governor. AMBO S CAMARINES NUEV A CACERES June 17, 1903. FERGUSSON Executive Secretary, Manila: Pric e o f ric e Nuev a Cacere s thi s mornin g $7.6 0 an d $7.70 loca l currency pe r sack A t Iriga 2 3 mile s interior $8.3 0 an d $8.40 Al l loca l dealer s repor t larg e supplie s stock s o n hand Nex t cro p fro m Januar y t o Apri l nex t year Whil e greate r activit y i n plantin g thi s yea r tha n an y tim e sinc e wa r an d severa l ric e town s lookin g fo r goo d crops th e productio n o f provinc e wil l fal l fa r shor t o f consumption A grea t dea l o f cor n i s unde r cultiva tion Peacefu l condition s o f provinc e enabl e u s t o wor k al l hem p an d cocoanu t fields Fisherie s ar e doin g well N o starvin g peopl e o r dange r o f starvation Employmen t availabl e fo r al l willin g t o wor k a t fai r wages Ross ANTIQUE SA N JOSE June 23, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Ther e ar e approximatel y 15,00 0 cavane s o f pala y a t price s a s follows : I n town s nea r th e Sibalo n Valley $3.1 0 cavan ; centra l towns $4 ; $ 5 i n town s sout h an d a fe w north Nex t crop s i n nort h an d sout h wil l b e i n Septembe r an d i n Sibalo n Valle y i n December Rice Saigon i s sol d b y Chino s i n Sa n Jose Bugason an d Colas i a t fro m 3 3 t o 4 0 cent s pe r ganta Ther e wil l b e starva tio n t o som e exten t i n Augus t an d September bu t th e cro p o f corn camote an d tuber s wil l greatl y hel p out SALAZAR Acting Governor. BATAAN BALANGA BATAAN June 18, 1903 (received June 19). EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Peopl e hav e harveste d probabl y tw o months suppl y o f ric e fro m secon d crop First-clas s ric e sell s fro m $ 8 t o $8.5 0 pe r picul

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5 8 Ther e i s an d wil l b e n o sufferin g fo r food peopl e alway s havin g sufficien t mone y t o purchas e necessaries Fishin g support s ove r one-hal f o f th e population GOLDMAN Governor. BATANGAS v BATANGAS June 17 1903. FERGUSSON Executive Secretary, Manila: Foo d i s somewha t scarce bu t th e relievin g w r or k o f wa r emergenc y fund s i s o f grea t relie f fo r th e people Bic e i s sol d a t $6 Mexican pe r cavan an d som e give n awa y t o th e poores t people N o cas e o f starvatio n ha s bee n reporte d t o m e yet thoug h grea t difficult y o f gettin g employmen t i s mor e an d mor e fel t b y th e poore r classes Larg e cloud s o f locust s ar e hoverin g o n th e ne w ric e plantations U p t o dat e th e wor k o f th e expert s i n th e managemen t o f fungu s ha s no t produce d satisfactor y results Captai n Boughto n ha s extende d hi s relievin g wor k t o destructio n o f locusts Man y town s ar e bein g give n mone y fo r th e purpos e o f buyin g dea d locust s a t 5 0 cents Mexican pe r cavan I t relieve s th e poo r peopl e ver y muc h an d a t th e sam e tim e afford s employmen t t o able-bodie d men women an d children Th e nex t ric e cro p i s fo r Septembe r next Th e prospec t i s middlin g fai r and i f no t destroyed th e nex t ric e cro p woul d b e satisfactor y indeed Despit e th e lac k o f laborin g animal s th e peopl e hav e mad e ever y effort an d larg e exten t o f land s ar e bein g plante d wit h ric e an d corn Th e latenes s o f rai n i n a fe w place s impede s th e completio n o f th e plantations Luz Governor. BENGUET BAGUIO BENGUET June 17, 1903. FERGUSSON Executive Secretary, Manila: Jus t returne d fro m norther n par t o f province Everythin g satis factory Jus t beginnin g t o harves t rice Large r yiel d tha n eve r before Mor e lan d cultivate d tha n durin g past Condition s excel lent Wil l star t fo r Kayap a o n th e 19th PACK

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5 9 BOHOL TAGBILARAN June 17, 1903 (received June IS). EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Answerin g you r telegra m o f th e 16th majorit y coas t town s hav e enoug h rice Pric e fro m $6.75 Mexican t o $ 8 interio r pueblos Carmen Sierr a Bullones Balilijan an d Baklayo n hav e n o rice Principa l shortag e i n Carme n an d Sierr a Bullones Th e nex t cro p o f pala y wil l b e th e en d o f November o f cor n th e en d o f Jul y an d August Muc h cor n wa s sowe d i n th e majorit y o f th e towns bu t ther e wer e als o cloud s o f locusts whic h I hav e ordere d th e presi dent s t o pursu e an d destroy Recentl y ther e hav e bee n kille d mor e tha n 40 0 cavane s o f youn g grasshopper s i n m y province Ther e ar e ver y fe w starvin g people CLARIN Provincial Governor. BULACAN MALOLOS June 17, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Foo d suppl y i n my provinc e poo r an d scanty Th e treasure r an d I jus t cam e fro m a visi t i n nort h part observin g tha t famin e hang s o n th e poo r classe s wit h th e fac t tha t locusts larg e an d small ar e statione d i n thos e towns Durin g th e tim e o f fiv e day s 8,53 5 pound s o f ric e hav e bee n exchange d t o peopl e fo r 42,87 2 pound s o f locusts Th e pric e o f ric e varie s accordingl y i n differen t towns fluctuatin g betwee n $7.5 0 an d $10 loca l currenc}' pe r cavan India n cor n cro p commence s thi s month lastin g til l August an d ric e cro p i n Novembe r an d December Prospect s no t ver y goo d fo r wan t o f water Fiv e hundre d dollar s appropriate d fo r extinc tio n o f locust s alread y expended No w th e boar d ha s appropriate d $50 0 mor e fo r sam e purpose an d perhap s anothe r su m stil l wil l b e needed To-morro w wil l confe r wit h yo u regardin g conditio n o f th e province PABL O TECSON Governor Bulacan Province. CAGAYAN" [Translation. ] TUGUEGARAO June 19, 1903 (received June 20). EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Replyin g t o you r telegra m o f th e 16t h o f thi s month I repor t pric e whit e Saigo n ric e $9.50 Mexican ; second-grad e white $7.7 5

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6 0 t o $8 ; ordinary $7.50 Locus t plagu e destroye d corn paddy tube r cro p severa l times Nex t cro p wil l b e poo r an d meager i f an y a t all U p t o presen t n o starvin g peopl e thi s province GONZAGA Provincial Governor. CAPIZ [Translation. ] CAPIZ June 17, 1903. FERGUSSON. Executive Secretary, Manila: Al l th e ric e field s wer e destroye d b y th e typhoon Actua l con dition s relativel y good wit h littl e cor n an d padd y o n hand Withi n a mont h hunge r wil l b e fel t i n th e interio r towns althoug h the y hav e agai n sow n cor n an d paddy Nex t cro p wil l b e i n October I t promise s t o b e abundant a s everybod y endeavor s t o til l th e fields eve n wit h hi s hands owin g t o lac k o f carabao Thi s cro p i s th e onl y hop e o f th e province Fortunatel y nobod y die s o f starvation bu t I fea r the y wil l di e o f fever s owin g t o lac k o f shelte r an d th e humidit y o f th e soil Ordinar y ric e i n thi s marke t an d Caliv o 8 peso s pe r picul an d whit e second-grade $9.50 Mexican pe r picul ; Tapaz Maayon Macato Molinao picul s rice ordinary 9.5 0 t o 1 0 pesos ; second-grad e white 1 2 pesos ; cor n a t Da o an d Sigma $3.75 Mexican pe r cavan JUG O VIDAL Governor. CAVITE [Translation. ] CAVITE June 17, 1903. FERGUSSON Executive Secretary, Manila: Foo d suppl y i n thi s provinc e i s ver y limite d an d th e smal l crop s o f ric e whic h wil l b e harveste d wil l onl y las t a fe w weeks Ric e no w i s wort h fro m 8 t o 1 2 pesos Mexican pe r cavan dependin g upo n th e distanc e o f th e tow n fro m th e seapor t an d quantit y bough t a t on e time whethe r gant a o r cavan Nex t ful l cro p wil l b e i n Decembe r o r January bu t th e locust s hav e agai n appeare d an d threate n th e ric e cro p o f tha t date Ther e wil l b e n o starvin g i n thi s province bu t th e peopl e wil l b e i n sor e circumstances an d I respectfull y reques t tha t som e arrangement s b e mad e t o assis t

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6 1 th e peopl e fro m 1s t Augus t t o ric e cro p i n December The y wil l nee d 60,00 0 cavane s o f ric e t o b e brough t fro m outside Som e o f th e peopl e ar e abl e t o pa y i n full thoug h som e wil l b e abl e t o pa y no t mor e tha n hal f pric e fo r thei r rice M TRIAS Provincial Governor. CEBU [Translation. ] CEBU June 18, 1903. FERGUSSON Executive Secretary, Manila: Thi s provinc e doe s no t gro w rice Corn whic h i s th e principa l foo d o f al l thes e towns ca n no t b e gathere d befor e tw o o r thre e month s i n thos e towns no t destroye d b y th e cyclon e o f th e 2 d instant Shoul d n o contretemp s intervene a fai r cro p i s expected I t i s impossibl e t o ge t a t th e numbe r o f person s sufferin g hunger bu t i t i s estimate d tha t two-third s o f th e inhabitant s o f th e town s o f thi s provinc e liv e onl y o n bananas tubers bur i meal an d shellfis h i n smal l quantities Th e pric e o f cor n pe r cava n i s quote d a t fro m 7 t o 8 pesos an d a picu l o f rice secon d grade a t thi s capita l a t 7.25 an d i n th e town s fro m 8 t o 9 pesos Ther e i s a sufficien t suppl y o f ric e i n thi s market I t i s advisabl e tha t th e repai r o f road s b e entere d o n i n thos e town s wher e hunge r i s mos t felt a s a mean s o f providin g wage s t o thei r inhabitants I propose d thi s t o th e provincia l boar d a t th e beginnin g o f th e in vasio n o f famine bu t th e provincia l superviso r interpose d som e difficulties CLIMACO Governor. ILOCO S NORTE [Translation. ] LAOAG June 18, 1903 (received June 19, Salomague, 8 a. m.). EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Foo d stuff s o f thi s provinc e ver y scarc e now Ric e sol d a t $8.75 Mexican Ne w cro p wil l begi n comin g i n en d o f Novembe r an d assuredl y wil l b e smal l owin g t o lac k o f rai n an d th e locus t plague Man y town s needin g rice JUG O AGCAOILI Provincial Governor.

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6 2 ILOCO S SUE [Translation. ] VIGAN June 23, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Receive d you r telegra m o f to-day a s wel l a s tha t o f th e 16th Di d no t repl y a t onc e becaus e wa s awaitin g dat a requeste d o f th e towns Conditio n provinc e wit h respec t t o ric e accordin g t o reports : Scar cit y noticeabl e alread y i n severa l towns bu t u p t o th e presen t ther e i s a sufficien t suppl y o f ric e a t Vigan wher e i t i s purchase d b y inhabitant s o f othe r towns Al l president s hav e bee n advise d t o repor t t o m e firs t sympto m alarmin g scarcity Sowin g padd y jus t beginning ; man y locusts whic h hav e destroye d par t cornfields Shal l reques t ric e whe n town s nee d i t an d n o suppl y a t Yigan CRISOLOGO Governor. ILOILO [Translation. ] ILOILO June 19, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Th e conditio n o f th e provinc e a s regard s foo d suppl y i s critical Rice second-grad e white i s sol d a t $7 Mexican pe r picu l whole sal e an d $7,06 1 t o $7,12 4 retail Ordinar y qualit y a t $6.43 f pe r picul Ther e i s a ver y smal l stoc k o f padd y o n hand an d tha t onl y i n a fe w towns an d i t i s ver y dear Ric e i n th e interio r town s i s sol d a t 37 4 cent s pe r ganta an d i n som e a littl e higher Fo r thes e reason s starvation whic h i s beginnin g t o b e felt i t i s expected wil l increas e an d caus e ravages I t i s impossibl e no w t o foretel l th e conditio n o f th e ne w padd y cro p becaus e th e plow in g i s jus t beginning Owin g t o lat e rain s th e earl y padd y cro p wil l b e gathere d i n Septembe r an d th e regula r cro p i n Novem be r an d December Th e latte r "i s garnere d i n greate r quantitie s an d i t i s th e onl y on e whic h serve s a s a basi s fo r calculations fo r th e earl y cro p i s smal l i n quantity I be g yo u wil l infor m m e wha t Governmen t ric e wil l cost place d a t Iloilo DELGADO

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6 3 ISABELA [Translation. ] ILAGAN ISABELA June 18, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Replyin g t o you r courteou s telegra m o f th e 16t h instan t regardin g th e stoc k o f ric e o n han d i n thi s province it s price prospect s fo r nex t cro p an d it s condition an d whethe r th e peopl e o f th e provinc e ar e starving I respectfull y repor t tha t thi s provinc e i s wel l supplie d wit h rice an d it s pric e i s $8.5 0 t o $9 Mexican pe r cava n o f Saigo n rice A s t o th e nex t crop it s condition s ar e goo d an d wil l b e abundan t i f al l plante d i s garnered unles s th e field s shoul d b e desolate d b y th e locust s whic h aboun d through ou t th e province A t presen t n o starvatio n i s apparent Th e municipa l president s continu e t o giv e fortnightl y report s o f th e conditio n o f th e field s plowe d an d plante d i n thei r variou s munici palities a s the y wer e directe d an d urge d t o do an d th e report s ar e satisfactory DICHOSO Governor. L A LAG-UNA [Translation. ] SANT A CRUE LAGUNA June 17, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: B y directio n o f th e provincia l governor : Foo d stuff s i n thi s provinc e ar e no w cheape r tha n las t year 1902 Pric e o f ric e fluctuate s betwee n $6.80 Mexican an d $7.5 0 pe r picul I t ma y b e tha t thes e price s wil l ris e shoul d th e nex t cro p b e small Th e prospect s ar e rathe r doubtfu l owin g t o scarcit y o f carabao s an d far m animal s an d presenc e o f cloud s o f locust s i n th e locality H o on e i n th e provinc e ha s die d o f starvation Wha t i s feare d wil l brin g abou t scarcit y o f resource s i s numerou s immigratio n o f laborer s fro m Bataan JOS E RIVERA Provincial Secretary. L A UNION SA N FERNANDO UNION June 17, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Ther e i s a reserv e suppl y o f Governmen t ric e i n al l town s excep t Sa n Fernand o whic h i s bein g hel d fo r emergency Whe n suppl y

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6 4 held b y individual s i s exhauste d thi s wil l b e pu t o n sale Privat e partie s ar e sellin g ba d clas s o f ric e fo r 8 peso s pe r cavan Th e plantin g o f ric e i s jus t bein g commence d owin g t o lac k o f rain no t throug h neglec t o f people Ca n no t sa y wha t cro p wil l be bu t everythin g promise s bi g harvest No t on e cas e o f starvatio n ha s bee n reported no r i s i t anticipated W e requeste d 10,00 0 picnl s o f ric e fo r Thi s province ; hav e receive d abou t 2,000 Nee d mor e t o carr y th e peopl e throug h unti l cro p i s harvested ORTEGA LEPANTO-BONTOC CERVANTES June 17, 1903 (received June 18, 1903). EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: I n repl y you r telegra m Jun e 16 woul d sa y ric e sellin g Cer vante s $12.5 0 pe r cavan ; Bagne n an d furthe r wes t a t thi s price Ne w cro p harvesting Pric e breaking ; sufficien t camotes N o sufferin g an d outloo k good DINWIDDIE Governor. LEYTE TACLOBAN June 17, 1903 (received June 18). FERGUSSON Executive Secretary, Manila: Paddy corn palawan gabe ube swee t potatoes bananas apari coro ar e foo d stuff s raise d i n provinc e t o fee d abou t hal f th e population Fres h fish al l throug h th e yea r alon g th e coas t t o fee d two-third s th e population Four-fifth s o f th e peopl e hav e hem p land s wher e the y produc e yearly I calculate a t leas t 5,000,00 0 pesos wort h place d a t a pric e o f 2 0 peso s a picnl Las t yea r 5 0 pe r cen t o f th e crop s o f padd y an d cor n wer e lost Nex t crop whic h i s i n December wil l hav e a los s o f 7 5 pe r cen t o n accoun t o f heat Hem p an d othe r product s mentione d abov e i n splendi d condition Ric e sellin g 8.2 5 t o 9 peso s a picnl Ther e ar e n o starvin g peopl e i n province BORSETH Acting Governor. MASBATE MASBATE June 19, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Foo d suppl y limited Ric e sellin g $8.2 5 i n Masbate bu t $1 0

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6 5 t o $1 2 i n outlyin g pueblos N o prospect s o f nex t cro p on'accoun t o f drought Muc h lan d i n preparatio n fo r sowing N o starvin g peopl e i n th e province SERRANO Provincial Governor. MINDORO CALAPAN June 17, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Foo d suppl y o n nort h sid e o f islan d good ; othe r sid e n o difficul tie s known Pric e o f ric e pe r sac k $7 Mexican Nex t cro p i n October ; prospec t good N o starvin g peopl e i n province Gov erno r absen t attendin g municipa l elections O SA N AGUSTIN Provincial Secretary, Acting Governor. MISAMIS [Translation. ] CAGAYAN June 23, 1903 (received June 24). EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Accordin g t o report s president s o f th e towns sufficien t ric e o n han d fo r mor e tha n a month Pric e o f ric e fro m $ 8 t o $9 Mexican Nex t cor n cro p wil l b e harveste d abou t middl e September ; o f paddy i n Novembe r an d December Cor n cro p look s well Ca n no t judg e o f paddy a s jus t beginnin g t o plan t it Th e inhabitant s ar e no t dyin g o f starvation bu t owin g t o lac k o f foo d the y far e poorly predisposin g the m t o cholera whic h ha s cause d severa l deaths CORIIALES Governor. NEGRO S OCCIDENTAL [Translation. ] BACOLOD June 17, 1903 (received June 18). EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Ric e come s fro m Iloilo an d pric e i s 7.5 0 t o 8.5 0 peso s pe r picu l o f second-grad e white Firs t cro p o f padd} q small wil l b e i n October an d th e secon d an d large r i n quantit y i n Decembe r 1404 3 5

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6 6 an d Januar y next Genera l crop i t i s expected wil l b e small I hav e n o new s o f an y death s fro m starvation sinc e ric e shippe d t o th e town s mad e i t possibl e t o mee t th e critica l situatio n o f severa l o f them Cor n i s bein g sowed an d I woul d reques t th e shipmen t o f see d corn Th e winge d an d wingles s locust s hav e appeare d i n severa l towns I recommen d shipmen t fungu s recentl y prepared Circular s hav e bee n sen t t o th e town s recommendin g th e destruc tio n o f thes e insect s an d offerin g reward s i n coin LOCSIN NEGRO S ORIENTAL DUMAGUETE June 17, 1903. FERGUSSON Executive Secretary, Manila: Replyin g t o you r telegram I hav e t o state : Rice secon d grade white $7.50 Mexican i n thi s capital ; i n norther n an d souther n town s fro m $ 8 t o $10 Mexican pe r picul Almos t ever y tow n ha s plante d cor n i n th e las t day s o f May Th e plantin g ha s bee n ver y good bu t ver y littl e hopefu l o n accoun t o f tw o plagues th e locus t an d th e wor m "tagustus, whic h suddenl y appeare d i n mos t o f th e towns I t i s estimate d tha t 3 0 pe r cen t o f th e peopl e o f thi s provinc e fee d o n root s an d tuber s fro m th e woods N o death s hav e bee n reporte d fro m famine Prope r measure s hav e bee n take n fo r th e extinctio n o f th e plagues Th e transplantin g o f th e "palay (ric e seed ) i s usuall y mad e i n th e las t day s o f th e presen t month Thi s kin d o f see d i s ver y scarc e i n som e o f th e towns LARENA Acting Governor. NUEV A ECIJA [Translation. ] SA N ISIDRO Nueva Ecija, June 30, 1903. FERGUSSON Executive Secretary, Manila: Replyin g t o you r telegra m o f Jun e 16 1903 foo d stuff s amon g poore r classe s scarce Price rice $ 7 t o $8 Mexican cavan Palay 3 t o 3.5 0 peso s cavan Cro p no t know n becaus e ther e ar e n o see d plat s sown owin g t o lac k o f rai n an d locus t plague I t i s expecte d tha t th e yiel d wil l b e poor U p t o dat e no t know n tha t anyon e

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6 7 ha s die d o f starvation bu t th e majorit y o f th e poore r classe s onl y ea t onc e a da y tuber s an d substance s extracte d fro m palms cane an d othe r vegetables SANTOS Governor. NUEV A VIZCAYA BAYOMBONG Nueva Vizcaya, June 17, 1903. FERGUSSON Executive Secretary, Manila: Foo d suppl y thi s provinc e sufficien t unti l nex t crop I t i s to o earl y her e t o predic t regardin g nex t ric e crop whic h i s onl y plante d i n July August an d September bu t prospect s ar e good exceptin g dange r fro m locusts Ther e ar e n o starvin g peopl e i n thi s province W e hav e mor e wor k animal s thi s yea r tha n last an d the y ar e fre e fro m diseas e s o far BENNETT Provincial Governor. PAMPANG-A BACOLOR June 17, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila : Foo d suppl y i n thi s provinc e i n ver y ba d condition Pric e ric e No 1 $8.5 0 pe r cavan Cro p o f ric e du e i n December Prospect s ver y poor Famin e i s alread y fel t an d wil l becom e wors e thi s comin g month JOVEN Governor. PANGASINAN [Translation. ] LINGAYEN June 17, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Replyin g t o you r telegra m o f 16t h instant a t presen t sufficien t suppl y foo d stuff s o n hand Ric e fluctuate s betwee n 4 an d 5 pesos I n som e pueblo s an d i n Dagupan 6 peso s cavan b y reaso n o f larg e export s o f ric e fro m ther e t o Union Zambales Uocos an d Pam panga Ric e farmer s ar e gettin g read y an d th e sowin g wil l begi n nex t month Cro p wil l b e gathere d betwee n Novembe r an d Feb ruary Ther e i s grea t drout h an d man y locusts Th e latte r ar e continuall y pursue d an d destroyed Ther e ar e no t sufficien t field animals Laborin g clas s no t starving FAVILA Governor.

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6 8 PARAGUA CUYO June 17, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Th e foo d suppl y i n provinc e i s abundant Pric e o f pala y i s $2.50 Mexican pe r cavan Pric e o f ric e i s 5 cents Mexican pe r pound Nex t cro p wil l b e i n Septembe r an d October Prospect s good Ther e ar e n o starvin g peopl e i n province O n th e contrary peopl e ar e i n bette r conditio n i n ever y respec t tha n the y hav e eve r bee n before PHILIPPS Governor, Paragua. RIZAL PASIG RIZAL June 17, 1903. E[on A W FERGUSSON Manila: Antipol o feast s gav e an d ar e stil l givin g thes e town s larg e allot ment s o f Mexica n currency. Famin e i s no t t o b e afrai d o f a t present ; moreover distric t o f Moron g coul d furnis h cro p o f ric e fo r a time Cro p o f ric e an d suga r can e looke d wel l befor e now wit h goo d prospect s fo r husbandmen bu t locust s destroye d agai n plantations Campaig n agains t bandit s havin g bee n over I a m no w undertakin g b y al l mean s agains t locusts Marke t pric e o f ric e her e i s $9 Mexican pe r picul Scantines s o f wate r prevent s puttin g see d plo t o f rice Condition s i n provinc e quietl y improved M y respect s t o Civi l Governo r an d you DANCEL Provincial Governor. EOMBLON [Translation. ] ROMBLON June 17, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: I n th e matte r o f foo d stuff s m y province u p t o th e presen t time i s supplie d wit h everything Th e pric e o f ric e a t thi s time prime i s 8 peso s pe r picul an d o f Pangasina n rice $6.5 0 pe r picul Th e nex t cro p wil l b e gathere d abou t th e month s o f Novembe r an d -December Th e prospect s i n cas e o f starvatio n i n thi s provinc e wil l b e t o fee d o n swee t potatoes corn an d othe r tubers an d shoul d

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6 9 th e cas e aris e th e provincia l governmen t woul d reques t sufficien t ric e o f you r offic e beforehan d t o distribute SANZ Governor. SAMAR [Translation. ] CATBALOGAN June 17, 1903. FERGUSSON Executive Secretary, Manila: Replyin g t o you r telegra m o f Jun e 16 peopl e o f thi s provinc e ea t onl y ric e an d fish; i n defaul t o f ric e o r padd y the y ea t tubers whic h aboun d here Pric e o f rice : Saigo n prime $7.5 0 pe r picul ; Rangoon $7.62^ pe r picul Norther n an d easter n coast s padd y no w bein g sown or rather sowin g abou t t o end Souther n an d wester n coast s plantin g i n Septembe r an d October Considerabl e padd y mus t hav e bee n harveste d a t Catubi g becaus e grea t quanti tie s sown Locust s ar e beginnin g t o appea r an d hav e don e som e damage Unabl e t o lear n exten t o f damage N o report s o f peopl e dyin g o f starvatio n here ; nevertheless woul d b e wis e t o sen d som e 2,00 0 sack s o f ric e t o forestal l an y contingency O f th e shipmen t sen t thi s provinc e onl y fe w sack s left I hav e jus t learne d tha t o n easter n coas t ric e sellin g a t $8.5 0 pe r picul Retai l pric e 4 0 cent s pe r ganta whic h i s 1 0 peso s pe r picul LLORENTE Governor. SORSOGON [Translation. ] SORSOGON June 17, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Commissio n houses,' I understand hav e sufficien t suppl y ric e o f ver y inferio r qualit y o n hand Price s var y fro m 8 t o 9 peso s pe r picul accordin g t o location an d tendenc y i s t o rise Ne w padd y crop owin g t o lac k o f animals wil l b e small Wretchednes s reign s i n th e reconcentrate d pueblo s lik e Donsol Pilar an d point s wher e th e choler a cause d suc h ravage s lik e Bulusa n an d Sant a Magdalena Th e rinderpes t ha s reappeare d i n th e pueblo s o f th e eas t an d sout h o f th e provinc e wit h considerabl e intensity carryin g of f th e fe w carabao s remaining an d th e horse s suffere d a los s o f 9 0 pe r cent MONREAL Governor.

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7 0 SURIGAO [Translation. ] SURIGAO July 0, 1903. FERGUSSON Executive Secretary, Manila: Ther e i s a sufficienc y o f edibl e root s an d ric e i n th e province Ric e cost s $7.50 Mexican cava n i n commercia l houses an d $8 Mexican i n Chines e shops Ric e cro p harveste d i n Apri l an d May N o famin e fel t i n provinc e a t present GARCIA Governor. TARLAC [Translation. ] TARLAC TARLAC June 17, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Replyin g t o you r telegra m o f thi s dat e I hav e th e hono r t o infor m yo u that althoug h padd y i s becomin g scarc e i n thi s prov inc e owin g t o th e smal l cro p garnere d las t year nevertheles s th e peopl e continu e t o ge t food an d fro m n o on e hav e I hear d tha t th e actua l terror s o f starvatio n ar e felt fo r i f foo d i s no t t o b e foun d i n on e tow n i t i s sough t o r bough t i n anothe r o f thi s sam e province Th e presen t pric e o f ordinar y ric e i s $6,874 Mexican pe r cavan Th e nex t padd y cro p wil l no t b e plante d unti l thi s mont h o r July t o b e harveste d i n Novembe r an d Decembe r o f thi s year bu t i t i s t o b e feare d tha t i t wil l b e destroye d b y th e locust s an d hopper s aboundin g i n thi s province a s the y nearl y destroye d th e earl y cor n an d padd y plante d las t May a s wel l a s th e suga r can e plante d i n December January an d Februar y last Th e peopl e o f thi s provinc e continu e t o subsist thank s t o th e man y wh o devote d themselve s t o th e cuttin g an d gathering o f timbe r an d firewoo d i n th e forests t o th e dail y wage s the y ear n i n thei r respectiv e trade s an d occupations o r a s laborer s o n th e genera l roa d wor k o f th e province Man y landowner s her e stil l hav e o n han d a fai r quantit y o f padd y o f th e las t genera l cro p an d o f th e littl e whic h remain s o f th e earl y padd y cro p gathere d i n Ma y last t o who m th e laborer s an d peopl e o f th e tow n appl y whe n the y desir e t o purchas e it th e presen t pric e o f whic h i s $3 Mexican pe r cavan I n genera l terms th e outloo k fo r th e crop s no w

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7 1 plante d i s ver y poor a s the y hav e bee n damage d b y th e locusts an d wha t i s t o b e plante d late r o n i s als o expose d t o bein g de stroye d b y th e latte r unles s othe r cause s favo r it Ver y respectfully ALFONS O RAMOS Provincial Governor, Tarlac. TAYABAS LUCENA June 18, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: I n answe r t o you r telegra m date d 16t h instant ther e i s i n thi s provinc e a famin e o f foo d supply Man y town s ar e supplie d wit h ric e fro m Manila an d other s ca n ge t suc h foo d a s camote banana etc Pric e o f ric e i n th e coas t towns Marinduqu e Island an d Tiaon fro m 8 peso s 5 0 cent s pe r picul ; i n town s locate d o n Pa cifi c coast viz Atimonan Gumaca Lopez Catuag Mauban Alabat Kasiguran etc. fro m 1 0 t o 1 2 pesos Ther e i s n o harves t o n accoun t o f locusts Th e beginnin g o f plowin g o n th e (Caingin ) land s i s i n Jun e an d July Th e harves t wil l b e durin g nex t No vembe r an d December I n severa l town s th e peopl e ar e starvin g wher e ther e wa s n o harvest Th e sufferin g amongs t th e peopl e wil l b e intens e provide d th e harves t doe s no t com e u p t o expectations PARAS ZAMBALES [Translation. ] IBA ZAMBALES June 18, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Wit h th e exceptio n o f seve n town s tha t hav e totall y los t thei r crops al l th e res t hav e a sufficien t stoc k o f ric e o n han d unti l th e nex t crop whic h wil l b e i n th e mont h o f Novembe r next I a m no t acquainte d wit h outloo k fo r th e nex t cro p o f rice a s th e sowin g has no t ye t begun althoug h som e padd y plat s hav e bee n drie d u p fo r wan t o f rain Ther e ha s bee n n o deat h fro m starvation LESACA Governor.

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APPENDI X D ADMINISTRATIO N AN D FINANC E DIVISION MANILA P I. October 1, 1903. SIR : I n complianc e with you r verba l instruction s I hav e th e hono r t o submi t th e followin g repor t coverin g th e perio d fro m Octobe r 1 1902 t o Septembe r 30 1903 fo r th e Administratio n an d Financ e Divisio n o f thi s Bureau : Prio r t o Januar y 3 1 o f th e presen t yea r thi s divisio n wa s know n a s th e "Appointmen t an d Financ e Division, an d durin g th e perio d fro m Octobe r 1 1902 t o th e dat e first mentione d th e characte r o f th e wor k wa s practicall y th e sam e a s durin g th e perio d endin g o n th e latte r date O n Januar y 31 1903 upo n th e consolidatio n o f th e Executiv e Burea u an d th e offic e o f th e Secretar y t o th e Colnmission th e titl e o f thi s divisio n wa s change d t o th e "Admin istratio n an d Financ e Division an d th e scop e o f it s labo r corre spondingl y increased Thi s divisio n too k ove r th e wor k o f th e forme r "Appointmen t an d Financ e Division, i n connectio n wit h al l administrativ e matter s pertainin g t o th e offic e o f th e Governo r an d th e Executiv e Burea u wit h th e exceptio n o f th e investigatio n o f charge s an d complaint s agains t municipa l an d provincia l offi cials whic h wer e transferre d t o th e la w cler k o f thi s Bureau whos e positio n wa s provide d fo r i n th e ac t of consolidatio n men tione d above Durin g th e perio d fro m Octobe r 1 1902 t o Septembe r 30 1903 al l executiv e orders ; proclamation s o f th e Civi l Governor ; appli cation s fo r pardo n wit h complet e actio n thereon ; report s i n respec t t o th e estate s o f decease d employee s o f thi s Government ; firear m application s fo r th e cit y o f „ Manil a an d al l th e provinces unde r th e provision s o f Ac t 610 Philippin e Commission an d amend ment s thereto ; cablegram s receive d an d sent includin g the makin g o f officia l excerpts ; resolution s o f provincia l board s wit h excerpts an d almos t al l th e communication s betwee n th e Burea u o f Insula r Affair s o f th e Wa r Departmen t an d Office s an d Bureau s o f thi s Governmen t hav e bee n handle d b y th e administratio n sectio n o f thi s division 7 2

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7 3 I n th e finance sectio n al l estimate s o f appropriation s ar e pre pared ; genera l an d specia l appropriatio n bill s drafte d t o b e sub mitte d t o th e Commission ; extract s thereo f furnishe d upo n passage ; al l requisition s fo r accountabl e warrant s an d certificate s fo r settlemen t warrant s handled als o al l accountabl e an d settle men t warrant s draw n an d letter s o f transmitta l prepared ; commit tee s appointe d i n matter s o f inspectio n o f damage d an d los t publi c civi l property an d thei r report s prepare d fo r approva l an d trans mission an d al l purchases contracts leases an d plan s carefull y an d thoroughl y reviewe d befor e submissio n fo r th e approva l o f th e Chie f Executive Charge s agains t official s an d employee s o f thi s Governmen t unde r th e provision s o f Executiv e Orde r No 84 serie s 1902 coverin g removals reductions an d reinstatements ; application s fo r leave s o f absence accrue d an d o n accoun t o f illness ar e als o handle d b y thi s section togethe r wit h al l consula r correspondence acknowledgments draft s o f propose d miscellaneou s act s an d resolutions an d genera l miscellaneou s actio n work Durin g th e yea r mentione d ther e hav e als o bee n handle d b y thi s divisio n al l appointment s t o insular provincial an d munici pa l positions fro m tha t o f th e lowes t unde r municipa l government s t o th e highes t unde r th e Insula r Government Thi s als o include s al l judicia l appointments coverin g thos e fro m judge s o f Courts ^ o f Firs t Instanc e t o auxiliar y justice s o f th e peac e i n th e smalles t municipalities Ther e ar e a t presen t 4 0 organize d province s containin g 1,03 5 organize d municipalities I t i s impossibl e t o giv e eve n a com parativ e estimat e o f th e amoun t o f wor k connecte d wit h th e super visio n o f th e provincia l an d municipa l governments Whil e th e strictl y formativ e perio d o f governmen t i n th e province s an d municipalitie s ha s bee n completed ther e ar e stil l numberles s ad ministrativ e question s arisin g whic h requir e carefu l an d thoroug h consideratio n befor e opinion s o r instruction s ca n b e issue d owin g t o thei r possibl e applicatio n i n th e future I t i s th e ai m o f ever y cler k of thi s division i n matter s requirin g th e attentio n o f th e Chie f Executiv e and Secretarie s o f Depart ments t o secur e al l th e informatio n obtainabl e t o enabl e the m t o tak e comprehensiv e actio n withou t dela y upo n al l question s nec essaril y submitte d t o them I n conclusio n i t migh t b e state d tha t ther e ar e a t presen t i n thi s divisio n 3 2 employees 1 2 o f who m ar e Americans th e balanc e

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7 4 bein g native s o f thes e Islands—thi s repor t havin g bee n dictate d t o an d writte n b y on e o f th e las t mentioned a youn g Filipin o stenographer Tabulate d statement s showin g th e appointment s mad e b y th e Commissio n durin g the perio d covere d b y thi s repor t a s wel l a s th e numbe r o f persons American s an d Filipinos a t presen t hold in g office an d certai n statistica l informatio n i n respec t o f th e quantit y o f wor k performe d i n thi s divisio n ar e heret o attached Respectfull y submitted GEORG E M SWINDELL Acting Chief. Th e EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila. Statement of icorJc performed by the Administration and Finance Division during the period October 1, 1902, to September SO, 1903. ADMINISTRATIO N SECTION Number Executiv e Order s 9 4 Proclamation s 7 Application s fo r pardon : Receive d 33 3 Grante d 10 5 Report s r e estate s decease d employee s 8 4 Firear m permits : Issue d b y Constabular y 1,28 7 Issue d b y provincia l governor s 65 5 Issue d b y Chie f o f Police Manil a 51 5 2,45 7 Cablegrams : Receive d 32 8 Sen t 33 0 Officia l excerpt s furnishe d 3,07 3 Resolution s o f provincia l boards includin g resolution s o f convention s o f municipa l president s 24 9 Officia l excerpt s furnishe d fro m resolution s o f provincia l boards etc. 74 7 FINANC E SECTION Estimate s o f appropriation s an d claim s audite d 23 9 Bill s drafted : Genera l appropriatio n bill s 4 Specia l appropriatio n bill s 2 1 Bill s authorizin g loan s t o province s 7 Extract s o f appropriatio n act s furnishe d 15 3 Duplicate s o f claim s furnishe d Audito r fo r settlemen t 1 8

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7 5 Statement of work performed, etc. —Continued. FINANC E SECTION—continued Warrants : Requisition s fo r accountabl e warrant s handle d 1,93 4 Certificate s fo r settlemen t warrant s handle d 1,30 1 Accountabl e warrant s draw n 1,93 4 Settlemen t warrant s draw n 1,30 1 Letter s o f transmitta l o f warrant s prepare d 3,23 5 Inspections : Inspectio n committee s o n damage d an d los t publi c civi l propert y appointe d 7 9 Inspector s o n damage d an d los t publi c civi l propert y appointed. 14 9 Inspectio n report s prepare d fo r approva l an d transmissio n 13 1 Executiv e approva l o f purchases contracts leases plans etc. approximatel y 72 0 Case s acte d upo n whic h com e unde r Executiv e Orde r No 8 4 (1902 ) : Removal s an d resignation s 15 0 Reduction s 2 0 Reinstatement s 9 Application s fo r leave s o f absenc e 30 0 Appointments by the Commission during the period October 1, 1902, to September 30, 1903. Classification Insula r officer s (includin g judges ) Provincia l officer s (includin g clerk s o f courts member s o f board s o f ta x revision locus t boards etc. ) Municipa l officers : Secretaries treasurers et c President s Councilor s Cit y o f Manil a Justice s an d auxiliar y justice s o f th e peac e Notarie s publi c Total Appoint ments 7 7 28 3 86 5 Resig nations 1 3 4 2 27 3 33 6 Entir e numbe r holdin g office Ameri 10 9 2 9 4 2 0 24 8 Filipino Total 4 0 2,90 6 98 2 8,15 9 2 7 1,70 8 34 3 14,40 3 14 9 32 4 2,90 6 98 2 8,15 9 5 6 1,71 2 14,65 1 Numbe r o f organize d provinces : Unde r Ac t No 8 3 3 4 Otherwis e 6 Numbe r o f organize d municipalitie s 1,03 5

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APPENDI X E FIRS T ANNUA L REPOR T O F TH E RECORDE R O F TH E COMMISSIO N T O TH E EXECUTIV E SECRETARY MANILA October 1, 1903. SIR : I hav e th e hono r t o submi t th e followin g repor t coverin g th e wor k o f th e legislativ e divisio n o f th e Executiv e Burea u fo r th e perio d fro m Februar y 1 1903 t o Septembe r 30 1903 inclusive an d o f th e offic e o f th e Secretar y o f th e Philippin e Commissio n fro m Octobe r 15 1902 th e dat e o f th e las t repor t o f th e Com mission t o Februar y 1 1903 : B y Ac t No 609 enacte d b y th e Commissio n Januar y 31 1903 i n accordanc e wit h suggestion s containe d i n th e las t annua l repor t o f th e Civi l Governor th e offic e o f th e Secretar y o f th e Philippin e Commissio n an d th e Executiv e Burea u wer e consolidate d unde r th e nam e o f th e Executiv e Bureau th e dutie s whic h befor e tha t dat e ha d appertaine d t o th e Secretar y o f th e Commissio n bein g partl y assume d b y th e Executiv e Secretary bu t i n a considerabl e measur e assume d b y th e Recorde r o f th e Commissio n an d th e legislativ e divisio n o f th e Executiv e Burea u create d b y th e ac t abov e referre d to Upo n th e consolidatio n o f thes e offices a s abov e mentioned Ac t No 6 o f th e Commissio n wa s s o amende d a s t o provid e tha t th e Recorder shoul d attes t th e act s o f th e Commissio n upo n thei r enactment Th e followin g resolutio n wa s als o adopte d b y th e Commissio n a t it s sessio n o f Februar y 2 : Th e positio n o f Secretar y o f the Commissio n havin g bee n abolishe d b y Ac t Numbere d Si x hundre d an d nin e an d the positio n o f Recorde r created an d tha t portio n o f th e "Regulation s fo r the conduc t o f th e busines s o f th e Philippin e Commission, adopte d b y the Commissio n a t it s sessio n o f Jun e sixteenth ninetee n hundred whic h provide s fo r the attestin g an d custod y o f the record s an d officia l correspondenc e o f th e Commissio n b y th e Secre tar y bein g n o longe r operative i t was O n motion Resolved Tha t fro m an d afte r Februar y first, ninetee n hun dre d an d three th e Recorde r o f the Commission authorize d b y Ac t Num bere d Si x hundre d an d nine shal l atten d th e session s o f the Commissio n an d shal l prepar e an d attes t it s minute s an d hav e custod y o f th e same 7 6

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7 7 Excep t a s abov e se t forth th e dutie s o f th e Recorde r an d o f th e legislativ e divisio n hav e no t bee n fixe d b y la w o r resolutio n o f th e legislativ e body bu t rathe r b y order s o f th e Commissio n an d o f th e Executiv e Secretary Thes e dutie s ma y b e briefl y sum marize d a s follows : Th e attendanc e upo n al l session s o f th e Commission bot h executiv e an d public ; th e recordin g o f al l action s b y th e Commission an d o f addresse s mad e befor e i t whe n sam e ar e required ; th e preparation certification indexing binding an d custod y o f th e Commission' s minutes ; th e certificatio n an d printin g o f th e Commission' s acts publi c resolutions an d appointments ; th e preparation fo r th e signatur e o f th e Executiv e Secretary o f correspondenc e base d upo n actio n o f th e Commission ; th e printing proofreading an d indexin g o f th e quarterl y an d annua l volume s o f th e Commission' s legislatio n i n bot h Englis h an d Spanish an d suc h othe r dutie s a s ar e fro m tim e t o tim e assigned I t wil l b e seen therefore tha t th e wor k o f th e legislativ e divisio n pertain s exclusively a s it s nam e woul d indicate t o tha t o f th e Commission T o thi s divisio n i s referred fo r submissio n t o th e Commission al l propose d legislatio n prepare d b y th e differen t commissioner s actin g a s committeemen and al l correspondenc e o f an y natur e callin g fo r actio n b y th e legislativ e body Suc h paper s ar e sub mitte d b y th e Recorde r t o th e Commissio n sittin g i n executiv e session. Upo n th e enactmen t o f laws,manifol d typewritte n copie s ar e a t onc e mad e and afte r certification ar e sen t forthwit h t o th e Civi l Governor th e Executiv e Secretary th e Auditor th e Treasurer th e Attorney-General th e Commandin g Genera l o f th e Divisio n o f th e Philippines an d al l othe r official s o r person s directl y affecte d b y th e law a lette r bein g prepare d fo r th e signatur e o f th e Executive Secretar y callin g attentio n t o th e legislation Typewritte n copie s o f al l suc h act s ar e forwarde d t o th e Secretar y o f War ove r th e signatur e o f th e Executiv e Secretary b y th e firs t mai l leavin g th e Island s afte r thei r enactment Tw o printe d certifie d copie s ar e als o forwarde d t o th e Secretar y o f Wa r a t th e clos e o f eac h month Th e act s o f th e Commissio n ar e no t engrossed a s i s th e cas e wit h thos e o f mos t Stat e legislature s i n th e Unite d States bu t ar e care full y proofread an d severa l copie s o f eac h ac t ar e printe d o n heav y whit e ledge r paper on e o f whic h copie s i n th e cas e o f eac h ac t i s signe d b y th e Presiden t o f th e Commissio n an d atteste d b y th e Recorder Thes e certifie d copie s ar e i n th e custod y o f th e Recorde r an d for m th e officia l fil e o f th e Commission' s legislation

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7 8 I n th e legislativ e files i n charg e o f th e Recorde r ther e i s als o kep t al l correspondence an d s o forth whic h form s th e basi s o f legislativ e actio n b y th e Commission th e sam e bein g filed wit h othe r paper s relatin g t o th e act s passe d b y th e Commissio n upo n th e respectiv e subject s t o whic h the y relate A n importan t branc h o f th e wor k o f th e divisio n i s th e reportin g o f th e publi c session s o f th e Commission whic h ar e hel d fro m tim e t o tim e t o discus s measure s o f genera l publi c interes t unde r consideratio n b y th e Commission Stenographi c note s of al l suc h discussion s ar e take n i n ful l an d ar e kep t o n file i n th e divisio n fo r futur e reference Whe n s o ordere d b y th e Commission an d i n cas e o f discussion s o f specia l importance a verbati m transcrip t o f th e stenographi c note s o f suc h session s i s made bu t ordinaril y ther e i s incorporate d i n th e minute s merel y a summar y o f th e argument s presented includin g al l amendment s an d suggestion s propose d b y thos e addressin g th e Commissio n o r b y th e commis sioner s themselves Thi s wor k o f reportin g become s rathe r difficul t a t times du e t o th e well-know n polic y o f th e Commissio n t o gran t a ful l hearin g t o anyon e desirin g t o addres s it n o matte r o f wha t nationality an d th e cosmopolita n characte r o f Manila' s popula tio n bring s fort h a t time s Englis h whic h i t i s difficul t fo r th e reporte r t o follow O f course a larg e portio n o f th e speakin g i s don e i n Spanish an d i n suc h case s th e recor d i s mad e fro m th e Englis h interpretation Durin g th e pas t yea r ther e hav e bee n publi c session s o f th e Commissio n upo n th e followin g subjects : Electri c street-railwa y franchis e fo r Manila on e session hel d o n Octobe r 20 1902 Th e lan d registratio n bill on e session Octobe r 20 1902 Th e coastwis e trad e bill tw o sessions Novembe r 1 2 an d 17 1902 Th e grantin g o f variou s franchise s fo r th e extensio n o f th e line s o f th e Manil a Railwa y Company Limited seve n sessions Novembe r 12 190 2 ( 1 session) Novembe r 1 7 ( 2 sessions) Decembe r 2 ( 1 session) Decembe r 8 ( 2 sessions) an d Decembe r 1 6 ( 1 session) Th e bill s providin g fo r board s o f ta x revision five sessions Decembe r 10 15 an d 16 190 2 (eac h 1 session) an d Januar y 8 190 3 ( 2 sessions) Th e receptio n o f provincia l governors thre e sessions Decembe r 21 23 an d 24 1902 Th e seatin g o f Commissione r Smith on e session Januar y 1 1903

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7 9 Th e bil l regulatin g th e practic e o f dentistry on e session Januar y 10 1903 Th e bil l regulatin g th e practic e o f pharmacy fiv e sessions Januar y 10 12 23 24 an d 26 1903 Petitio n fo r a genera l hospita l i n Manila on e session Januar y 10 1903 Th e trade-mar k bill fou r sessions Februar y 24 25 an d 26 an d Marc h 6 1903 Th e bil l forbiddin g th e sal e o f intoxicatin g liquor s nea r militar y reservations thre e sessions Februar y 2 4 an d 25 an d Marc h 6 1903 Th e municipa l franchis e bill thre e sessions Februar y 2 4 an d 26 an d Marc h 6 1903 Th e Chines e registratio n bill on e session Marc h 10 1903 Th e opiu m bill thre e sessions Jul y 8 9 an d 15 1903 Th e Filipin o student s bill on e session Jul y 29 1903 Th e bil l providin g fo r th e inspectio n o f hemp thre e sessions Jul y 30 an d Augus t 1 0 an d 11 1903 Th e purchas e o f th e Orient e Hotel on e session Septembe r 1 1903 Makin g a total countin g eac h half-da y sessio n separately o f 4 6 publi c sessions verbati m report s o f whic h wer e made Th e publi c session s o f th e Commissio n hav e bee n wel l attende d fo r th e mos t part an d a t mor e tha n hal f o f the m practicall y ever y sea t i n th e session s hal l i n whic h the y ar e hel d ha s bee n occupied Th e yea r ha s bee n a ver y bus y on e wit h th e legislativ e body an d thi s activit y ha s bee n naturall y reflecte d b y thi s division Ther e hav e bee n enacte d sinc e Octobe r 15 1902 dow n t o Octobe r 1 1903 43 1 laws Nos 48 2 t o 912 inclusive nearl y a s man y a s wer e enacte d b y th e Commissio n i n th e previou s tw o year s com bined Act s 48 2 t o 493 inclusive wer e forwarde d wit h th e las t repor t o f th e Commission leavin g 41 9 act s whic h hav e bee n enacte d subsequen t t o th e las t ac t forwarde d wit h th e Commission' s repor t o f las t year O f th e 43 1 law s enacted 9 0 hav e bee n thos e makin g appropriations ; o f th e remainin g 341 man y hav e bee n measure s whic h migh t perhap s b e terme d temporar y o r administrativ e i n thei r character affectin g a s the y d o onl y th e administratio n o f th e Governmen t o r o f it s branches Thi s wor k o f administrativ e legislatio n an d o f appropriation s ha s occupie d a ver y larg e portio n o f th e Commission' s attentio n durin g th e pas t year Tim e ha s bee n found nevertheless durin g thi s perio d t o conside r an d enac t

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8 0 a numbe r o f importan t law s o f genera l interes t t o th e whol e public Amon g th e mor e importan t o f thes e migh t b e mentione d th e following : No 496 Th e Lan d Registratio n Act enacte d Novembe r 6 1902 No 518 Highwa y robber y an d brigandag e define d an d penaltie s prescribe d therefor enacte d Novembe r 12 1902 No 519 Vagranc y define d an d penalt y prescribe d therefor en acte d Novembe r 12 1902 No 520 A n ac t authorizin g th e issuanc e o f specia l coastwis e trad e license s t o foreig n vessels enacte d Novembe r 17 1902 Nos 554 555 Franchise s t o th e Manil a Railwa y Company Limited fo r railwa y extension enacte d Decembe r 8 1902 No 556 A n ac t authorizin g th e closin g o f insolven t bank s b y th e Insula r Treasurer enacte d Decembe r 9 1902 No 593 A n ac t regulatin g th e practic e o f dentistry enacte d Januar y 10 1903 No 597 A n ac t regulatin g th e practic e o f pharmacy enacte d Januar y 26 1903 No 611 A n ac t authorizin g th e issuanc e o f passport s t o Phil ippin e citizens enacte d Februar y 2 1903 No 624 A n ac t prescribin g regulation s t o carr y ou t th e minin g law enacte d Februar y 7 1903 No 627 A n ac t regulatin g th e registration branding convey ance an d slaughte r o f larg e cattle enacte d Februar y 9 1903 No 654 A n ac t providin g a n appea l fro m decisio n o f a singl e judg e i n habea s corpu s proceedings enacte d Marc h 4 1903 No 666 Th e Trade-Mar k Act enacte d Marc h 6 1903 No 667 Th e Municipa l Franchis e Act enacte d Marc h 6 1903 No 701 A n ac t regulatin g mutua l benefi t an d benevolen t asso ciations enacte d Marc h 27 1903 No 702 A n ac t t o carr y ou t th e Chines e Regulatio n La w o f Congress enacte d Marc h 27 1903 No 703 Franchis e t o th e Manil a Railwa y Company Limited fo r railwa y extension enacte d Marc h 27 1903 No 780 Examinatio n an d licensin g o f officer s o f seagoin g ves sels enacte d Ma y 29 1903 No 787 A n ac t providin g a governmen t fo r th e Mor o Province enacte d Jun e 1 1903 No 849 A n ac t providin g fo r th e protectio n o f se a buoy s an d beacons enacte d Augus t 24 1903

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8 1 No 854 A n ac t providin g fo r th e educatio n o f Filipin o stu dent s i n th e Unite d States enacte d Augus t 26 1903 Th e numbe r o f session s hel d b y th e Commission th e numbe r o f act s passed o f resolution s adopted an d o f appointment s mad e b y th e Civi l Governo r whic h hav e bee n confirmed togethe r wit h th e numbe r o f page s i n th e minute s o f th e Commissio n i n charg e o f th e Recorder durin g th e yea r fro m Octobe r 15 1902 t o Octo be r 1 1903 ma y b e convenientl y se t fort h i n th e followin g table : Months 1902 Octobe r Novembe r Decembe r __ 1903 Januar y February Marc h Apri l Ma y Jun e Jul y Augus t Septembe r Total Sessions Execu tive 1 4 1 4 2 4 6 1 6 9 1 8 1 9 2 4 18 2 Public Acts Execu tiv e 3 4 3 4 6 8 3 1 3 6 1 4 2 2 4 6 5 0 42 1 Public 1 0 Resolutions Execu tive 3 3 10 1 5 2 10 3 15 3 5 6 15 6 4 1 6 6 10 9 12 8 1,00 6 Public Ap point ments execu tive 5 4 15 5 6 9 2 7 3 7 5 9 3 9 17 7 6 4 85 2 Page s i n min utes Execu tive "5 6 8 7 15 3 5 6 11 4 3 6 6 6 10 2 13 7 95 8 Public 2 0 2 2 11 1 6 6 4 2 2 4 23 0 2 3 2 7 56 5 SUMMARY Numbe r o f session s held : Executiv e 18 2 Publi c 3 1 Tota l 21 3 Numbe r o f act s passed : A t executiv e session s 42 1 A t publi c session s 1 0 Tota l 43 1 Numbe r o f resolution s adopted : A t executiv e session s 1,00 6 A t publi c session s 2 Tota l 1,00 8 Numbe r o f appointment s confirme d a t executiv e session s 85 2 I t wil l thu s b e see n tha t th e -Commissio n ha s hel d a tota l o f 21 3 separat e session s dnrin g th e year Thi s i s hardl y exact how ever i n on e sense a s i n a grea t man y instance s tw o session s ar e hel d i n on e day i n whic h cas e th e minnte s fo r tha t da y ar e writ te n u p a s i f bu t on e sessio n ha d bee n held I t i s estimate d tha t th e Commissio n ha s bee n formall y convene d fo r legislativ e wor k full y 27 5 time s dnrin g th e perio d covere d b y thi s report 1404 3 6

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8 2 Wit h a tota l numbe r o f act s passe d o f 431 an d wit h a tota l numbe r o f resolution s adopte d o f 1,008 an d o f appointment s con firmed o f 852 i t wil l b e see n tha t a tota l o f 2,29 1 forma l action s o r decision s o f a legislativ e characte r hav e bee n take n b y th e Commissio n durin g th e perio d covere d b y thi s report A s a rul e a numbe r o f communication s ar e considere d b y th e Commissio n i n connectio n wit h eac h actio n take n b y it Whil e definit e figures hav e no t bee n prepared i t i s believe d tha t th e numbe r o f paper s t o eac h decisio n wil l averag e betwee n tw o an d three an d upo n thi s basi s i t i s estimate d tha t a tota l o f approxi matel y 6,00 0 communication s hav e bee n considere d b y th e Com missio n a s a legislativ e body an d handle d b y thi s divisio n durin g th e perio d unde r consideration I n additio n t o thi s th e Commis sio n ha s bee n man y time s informall y convened o r ha s informall y discusse d question s o f a n executiv e characte r brough t t o it s atten tio n b y it s member s wh o ar e executiv e official s befor e takin g definit e executiv e action. Thes e informa l discussion s naturall y d o no t appea r o f recor d i n th e minute s o f th e legislativ e body Th e tota l numbe r o f page s i n th e minute s o f th e Commissio n fro m th e dat e o f its appointmen t t o Octobe r 1 1903 includin g th e inde x thereto i s 4,933 Th e minute s hav e bee n boun d i n typewritte n lega l pages i n volume s o f convenien t size an d carefull y indexed A grea t por tio n o f thi s inde x wor k ha s bee n don e durin g th e pas t year an d t o kee p th e minute s indexe d dow n t o dat e occupie s nearl y th e entir e tim e o f on e o f th e clerk s o f th e division B y directio n o f th e Commission th e divisio n ha s bee n engage d i n makin g fou r duplicat e copie s o f thes e minutes A s n O addi tiona l hel p wa s provide d fo r thi s extr a work i t ha s bee n impossible owin g t o th e volum e o f curren t work t o complet e thi s copying Abou t 3,00 0 page s hav e bee n completed however an d i t i s hope d tha t th e remainde r ma y b e copie d i n th e ver y nea r future B y resolutio n o f th e Commissio n o f Septembe r 2 1902 th e preparatio n o f a revise d editio n -o f th e Commission' s law s dow n t o Septembe r 1 1902 wa s directed th e Spanis h an d th e Englis h text s t o b e issue d i n separat e volumes I n conformit y wit h thi s resolution thi s offic e immediatel y proceede d t o th e preparatio n o f cop y fo r th e editio n authorized I n preparin g cop y fo r thi s volume i t wa s earl y decide d t o mak e th e editio n somewha t simila r t o th e statute s o f th e Unite d States bearin g margina l annotation s o f th e

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8 3 tex t o f th e laws an d indicatin g amendment s t o th e differen t act s an d section s thereo f whic h ha d bee n subsequentl y mad e b y th e Commission A tabulate d statemen t o f act s whic h ha d bee n amende d prio r t o th e issu e o f th e volum e wa s als o prepared Ther e wa s als o inserte d a s a n appendi x th e treat y o f Paris th e act s o f Congres s affectin g th e Philippine s approve d prio r t o Septembe r 1 1902 an d severa l importan t genera l order s o f th e Militar y Governo r whic h ar e stil l i n force Th e publicatio n o f th e volum e wa s considerabl y delaye d o n accoun t o f th e pres s o f othe r wor k i n th e publi c printin g office Th e Englis h editio n ha s jus t recentl y bee n issue d an d i s no w bein g distributed Th e Spanis h editio n i s bein g rapidl y pushe d t o completion an d i t i s hope d tha t th e sam e ma y b e issue d withi n th e nex t fe w months Th e Commis sio n ha s decided afte r inspectin g th e Englis h editio n o f th e volum e referre d to t o issu e annuall y a volum e i n simila r for m containin g al l o f it s legislatio n o f th e previou s year separat e volume s o f suc h edition s i n bot h language s t o b e issue d a s i n th e cas e o f th e origina l volume Th e necessit y o f preparin g cop y fo r thes e reprint s o f th e Com mission' s legislation a s wel l a s o f issuin g th e regula r quarterl y volume s o f th e Commission' s law s an d resolutions o f proofreadin g sam e an d preparin g th e indexe s thereto ha s evolve d a subdivisio n o r sectio n o f thi s divisio n whic h migh t perhap s b e terme d th e sectio n o f proofreading printing an d indexing Thi s wor k ha s bee n i n charg e o f Mr Davi d Lewi s Cobb o f thi s division A s th e wor k o f annotatio n an d indexin g ha s progressed a n increasingl y larg e numbe r o f call s fo r informatio n i n regar d t o th e Commis sion' s legislatio n hav e bee n mad e o n thi s divisio n b y th e differen t member s o f th e Commissio n an d othe r officer s o f th e Government Thi s sectio n o f th e divisio n ha s withi n th e pas t yea r carefull y proofrea d an d indexe d betwee n 6,00 0 an d 7,00 0 page s o f printe d legislation abou t equall y divide d betwee n th e Englis h an d Spanis h languages I n th e performanc e o f thi s wor k ove r 25,00 0 inde x an d amendmen t card s hav e bee n used I n additio n t o this indexe s hav e bee n prepare d fo r th e preliminar y numbe r o f th e Officia l Gazett e an d fo r th e firs t hal f yea r o f th e sam e publication Thi s wor k consiste d o f th e readin g an d indexin g o f 61 2 page s o f matter Th e nativ e clerica l staf f o f th e Officia l Gazett e wer e als o instructe d a s t o th e manne r o f makin g futur e indexe s fo r thi s publication

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8 4 Th e offic e forc e o f th e legislativ e divisio n o n thi s dat e i s follows : Name C W Calvi n Car l Remington__ Davi d Lewi s Cobb H E Partridg e A O Zin n Presen t salary $2,25 0 1,80 0 1,80 0 1,60 0 1,60 0 Name Julia n M Lacall e __ A Jame s McDonald Natu s J Hayne s Leonci o L Espin o Lui s Aguila r Presen t salary 40 0 1,20 0 1,20 0 72 0 18 0 Th e characte r o f th e wor k performe d b y thi s divisio n i s suc h a s t o deman d a hig h degre e o f accuracy an d th e employee s o f th e divisio n hav e no t bee n foun d wantin g i n thi s respect The y hav e alway s bee n willin g an d hav e don e a grea t dea l o f overtim e wor k i n orde r t o kee p u p wit h th e curren t wor k o f th e division whic h a t time s i s quit e heavy almos t to o muc h so i n fact fo r th e forc e employed Numerou s call s hav e bee n mad e fo r hel p i n wor k no t pertainin g t o th e divisio n b y differen t member s o f th e Commissio n an d b y othe r division s o f th e Executiv e Bureau and whil e th e sam e hav e frequentl y cause d a grea t dea l o f overtim e work i t ha s alway s bee n performe d uncomplainingly I ca n d o n o les s tha n testif y t o th e efficien t an d capabl e manne r i n whic h thi s division' s staf f ha s labore d durin g th e pas t year Ver y respectfully C W CALVIN Recorder of the Commission. Th e EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila, P. I.

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APPENDI X F FIRS T ANNUA L REPOR T O F TH E CHIE F O F TH E TRANS LATIN G DIVISIO N T O TH E EXECUTIV E SECRETARY MANILA October 1, 1903. SIR : I hav e th e hono r t o submi t th e followin g repor t o f th e wor k o f th e translatin g divisio n o f th e Executiv e Burea u sinc e it s organizatio n t o Septembe r 30 1903 inclusive : Prio r t o th e passag e o f Ac t No 609 enacte d Januar y 31 1903 th e wor k o f translatio n an d interpretatio n fo r th e Executiv e Bu rea u an d th e offic e o f th e Secretar y o f th e Philippin e Commissio n wa s don e unde r th e supervisio n o f a Spanis h secretar y i n th e latte r offic e an d i n tha t o f th e Executiv e Secretary Sinc e it s organizatio n th e entir e forc e o f translator s an d interpreter s at tache d t o th e Executive Burea u an d th e forme r offic e o f th e Secretar y o f th e Commissio n ha s bee n reorganize d an d consolidate d int o on e office wher e al l o f th e wor k i s carrie d o n wit h th e excep tio n o f tha t o f th e translato r an d interprete r wh o i s detaile d fo r specia l wor k i n connectio n wit h interpretation s fo r th e Civi l Governor th e translatio n o f annua l report s o f provincia l governors an d othe r wor k o f a specia l character Th e dutie s o f th e translatin g divisio n ma y b e summarize d briefl y a s follows : Th e translatio n int o Spanis h o f al l act s o f th e Commission executiv e orders proclamation s an d communication s o f th e Civi l Governo r an d th e Executiv e Secretar y addresse d t o Spanish speakin g people an d o f al l matte r printe d i n th e Officia l Gazett e othe r tha n tha t alread y mentioned whic h consist s principall y o f custom-hous e decision s an d circulars opinion s • o f th e Attorney General report s o f th e Boar d o f Health o f th e Bureau s o f Archives Agriculture Education Mining an d Forestry o f advertisement s fo r bid s fro m th e offic e o f th e Insula r Purchasin g Agen t an d fro m tha t o f th e Consultin g Enginee r t o th e Commissio n an d o f th e Insula r Architect Th e translations int o Englis h cove r a ver y wid e field, a s the y consis t o f al l communication s addresse d i n 8 5

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8 6 Spanis h an d th e nativ e dialect s t o th e Civi l Governor t o th e Phil ippin e Commission an d t o th e Executiv e Secretary an d o f al l bill s drafte d b y th e Filipin o member s o f th e Commissio n a s wel l a s report s an d recommendation s mad e b y them Th e amoun t o f wor k performe d durin g th e perio d covere d b y thi s report fro m Octobe r 1 1902 t o Septembe r 30 1903 i s a s follows : Translation s from — Folios Englis h t o Spanis h 10,86 4 Spanis h t o Englis h 32,56 0 Frenc h t o Englis h 14 0 Tagalo g t o Englis h 4 4 Italia n t o Englis h 1 2 Germa n t o Englis h 7 Tota l translation s 43,62 7 Th e divisio n ha s furnishe d interpreter s fo r publi c discussion s hel d durin g th e tim e covere d b y thi s report extendin g ove r 4 6 publi c session s o f th e Commissio n an d fo r al l executiv e session s o f tha t body A n interprete r fro m th e divisio n ha s als o accom panie d th e Civi l Governo r i n visit s mad e t o th e province s durin g Januar y an d March 1903 an d th e Vice-Governo r i n hi s visi t o f inspectio n t o th e Provinc e o f Alba y durin g las t July an d 'upo n al l othe r occasion s whe n a n interprete r wa s require d b y th e Civi l Governo r o r an y membe r o f th e Commission Sinc e th e consolidatio n o f th e offic e o f th e Secretar y o f th e Com missio n wit h th e Executiv e Bureau th e translatin g divisio n ha d ha d charg e o f th e wor k o f reviewin g th e nativ e an d Spanis h press Thi s work formerl y carrie d o n independentl y b y Mr Manue l Argiielle s an d on e assistant i s stil l continued althoug h i t i s no t a s importan t a t presen t a s i t formerl y was owin g t o th e mor e settle d conditio n o f affair s i n th e Islands Th e amoun t o f wor k turne d on t b y Mr Argiielle s average d abou t fou r folio s a day Th e translatin g divisio n ha s suffere d ver y severel y fro m casual tie s durin g th e presen t year an d it s efficienc y ha s bee n greatl y im paire d thereby It s forme r chief Seno r Do n Francisc o J Yanes wh o hel d th e offic e o f Spanis h secretar y o f th e Commission a gentlema n o f rar e linguisti c accomplishment s an d peculiarly fitte d fo r th e wor k intruste d t o him wa s oblige d t o resig n i n orde r tha t h e migh t accompan y hi s famil y t o th e Unite d States a s hi s wife' s healt h

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8 7 an d hi s ow n ha d greatl y suffere d fro m th e effect s o f thi s climate Mr Yanes resignatio n ha s bee n a distinc t los s t o th e service Mr Willia m E Twight wh o ha d bee n th e interprete r o f th e Militar y Governo r fro m 189 9 unti l th e establishmen t o f Civi l Government an d o f th e Civi l Governo r fro m February 1903 wa s forced becaus e o f hi s failin g health t o leav e th e Archipelag o t o recuperate Afte r spendin g severa l month s i n th e Unite d State s an d Europ e i n a vai n searc h fo r healt h h e returne d t o Manil a an d die d a fe w day s after Augus t "26 last I t wa s foun d necessar y t o reliev e Mr F F Barke r fro m dut y i n th e translatin g divisio n prio r t o it s reorganization i n orde r tha t h e migh t devot e hi s entir e tim e a s cler k t o matter s pertainin g t o provincia l an d municipa l administra tion whic h are i n a grea t part necessaril y transacte d i n th e Spanis h language Mr Sutherland forme r exper t translator wh o ha d bee n brough t fro m th e Unite d States wa s selecte d t o tak e charg e o f th e Filipin o student s wh o wer e abou t t o leav e fo r th e Unite d States I n additio n t o thes e permanen t losse s i n th e personne l o f thi s divisio n on e translato r ha s bee n severel y il l fo r mor e tha n a month whil e anothe r i s ver y ill convalescin g afte r a n attac k o f Asiati c cholera Asid e fro m al l thi s Mr Le o Fischer anothe r exper t translator wa s absen t durin g fou r month s an d a hal f o n leave s o tha t th e forc e o f thi s divisio n ha s alway s bee n reduce d t o a minimum whil e th e wor k ha s continue d steadil y t o increase Th e presen t forc e o f th e divisio n i s mad e u p o f experience d men som e o f who m hav e bee n wit h th e Civi l Governmen t sinc e it s organizatio n an d wh o woul d b e har d t o replace Ever y attemp t possibl e ha s bee n mad e t o secur e additiona l com peten t translators bot h her e an d i n th e Unite d States bu t withou t success Som e wh o hav e passe d th e civil-servic e examinatio n hav e bee n deficien t i n practica l wor k t o th e exten t tha t thei r service s coul d no t b e mad e us e o f b y th e division Th e majorit y o f translation s fro m Englis h t o Spanis h ar e o f a strictl y technica l natur e whic h requir e no t onl y thoroug h pro ficiency i n bot h language s bu t als o lega l trainin g anda ver y wid e comprehensiv e academi c education an d th e translation s fro m Span is h t o Englis h ar e difficul t i n tha t th e majorit y o f th e document s presente d i n th e forme r languag e ar e s o fault y i n thei r constructio n tha t the y ar e i n man y case s almos t impossibl e t o understand

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8 8 Th e offic e forc e o f th e translatin g divisio n o n thi s dat e i s a s follows : Name Presen t salary Name Presen t salary R D Fergusso n Manue l Cabez a d e Vaca Le o Fische r Manue l Arguelle s Joh n B Santal o Wilia m N Maho n $2,25 0 1,80 0 1,80 0 1,50 0 1,20 0 1,20 0 Carri e F Maho n Manue l Reye s Alcibiade s Gimene z Elia s T Zamor a Marian o Rebay a $1,20 0 90 0 72 0 42 0 18 0 I n a vai n attemp t t o kee p u p wit h th e curren t wor k o f th e divisio n th e employee s hav e pu t i n a grea t dea l o f overtime Th e amoun t o f wor k performed takin g int o consideratio n it s specia l characte r an d th e hig h standar d required testifie s t o th e industry o f th e forc e whic h ha s alway s worke d whe n th e exigencie s o f th e cas e demande d i t ou t o f offic e hour s uncomplainingly Respectfull y submitted R D FERGUSSON Chief Translator. Th e EXECUTIV E SECRETARY

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APPENDI X G PROPERT Y DIVISION MANILA P I. September 30, 1903. SIR : I n complianc e wit h you r verba l instructions I hav e th e hono r t o submi t a repor t o f th e affair s o f thi s division embracin g th e propert y accountabilit y o f th e entir e Bureau fo r th e perio d fro m Octobe r 1 1902 t o Octobe r 1 1903 a s follows : Organization and personnel. —Chief o f division Arthu r K Jone s (fro m Septembe r 23 1903) ; distributio n clerk J Preysle r (sus pende d Septembe r 23 1903) ; mailin g clerk Antoni o Munian ; documen t clerk Jua n Cabahero an d si x messengers Correspondence. —Entire Burea u (excludin g printe d matter) 54,11 7 papers Philippine publications. Publication Received Distrib uted Sold Law s o f th e Commission pamphle t Law s o f th e Commission quarterl y volume s Executiv e Orders pamphle t Executiv e Orders volume s Proclamations pamphle t Report s o f Departments pamphle t ,338,00 0 21,00 0 154,50 0 1,00 0 20,50 0 2,25 0 906,90 1 9,26 6 102,49 3 ~~14~53 2 1,20 0 2,51 5 Total 1,537,25 0 1,035,36 2 2,51 5 Receipt s fro m sales $1,224.77 Unite d State s currency United States and foreign publications. Publication Re ceived Distrib uted Report s o f th e Philippin e Commission 1902 tw o part s (Wa r Depart ment ) > Documents Senat e an d Hous e o f Representatives Unite d State s Suprem e Cour t Reports Unite d State s Foreig n publication s Tota l 1,74 0 20,00 0 74 4 5 0 22,53 4 10 0 10 0 8 9

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9 0 Philippine, United, States, and foreign publications received during the period designated. Copies Gran d tota l 1 559,78 4 Philippine Unite d States an d foreig n publication s distribute d an d sol d durin g tha t perio d 1 037,97 7 Balanc e 521 80 7 Publication s no t include d i n tha t perio d 6,00 0 Ol d Spanis h laws translation s 12,00 0 O n han d a s pe r inventor y 539,80 7 Th e increasin g busines s o f 'thi s divisio n som e month s ag o bega n t o deman d additiona l offic e an d storag e space whic h ha s bee n mad e availabl e recentl y o n th e first floor o f th e Aynntamient o Building I n additio n t o th e printe d publi c documents ther e wil l b e i n th e custod y o f thi s offic e th e manuscript s an d othe r document s an d book s whic h wil l b e secure d b y th e Collectin g Libraria n i n Spai n an d elsewhere Alread y a smal l consignmen t ha s bee n received an d i t i s understoo d tha t furthe r shipment s hav e bee n mad e an d ar e e n rout e here Provisiona l arrangement s hav e bee n mad e fo r th e car e o f thi s valuabl e propert y whic h wil l mee t presen t necessities Th e personne l o f th e divisio n consist s o f 1 America n an d 9 Filipin o employees Thi s woul d b e sufficien t nnde r norma l condi tions bu t b y reaso n o f absenc e du e t o leav e o f absenc e i n th e Unite d States suspension an d illness i t ha s bee n necessar y t o wor k muc h overtim e i n orde r tha t publication s migh t b e give n th e promp t dis tributio n thei r characte r ha s demanded I n additio n t o th e custod y an d distributio n o f printe d publi c documents th e immediat e charg e o f th e furniture supplies an d propert y o f th e Executiv e Burea u an d Ayuntamient o Buildin g ha s bee n assigne d t o thi s division Durin g th e perio d covere d b y thi s repor t ther e ha s bee n a notabl e improvement a s compare d wit h th e precedin g year i n bot h th e qualit y o f supplie s an d th e promptitud e wit h whic h the y hav e bee n furnishe d b y th e Insula r Purchasin g Agen t an d th e loca l market Ver y respectfully ARTHU R K JONES Chief of Division. Th e EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila P I.

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APPENDI X H RECORD S DIVISION MANILA October I 1903. SI R : I hav e th e hono r t o submi t th e followin g repor t o f th e wor k o f thi s divisio n fo r th e yea r endin g Septembe r 30 190 3 : Durin g th e perio d abov e mentione d ther e ha s bee n complete d th e organizatio n o f th e divisio n an d it s equipmen t i n respec t o f file cases A s no w organize d th e divisio n comprise s si x sections viz briefing searching indexing examining recording an d filing. It s personne l consist s o f 2 5 clerk s an d 1 messenger O f thes e employee s 1 4 ar e American s an d 1 2 ar e Filipinos Ther e -ha s bee n a constan t increas e i n th e volum e o f wor k developin g upo n thi s division a s i s apparen t fro m th e fac t tha t ther e hav e bee n recorde d durin g th e yea r jus t ende d mor e tha n 28,00 0 communications a s agains t 19,00 0 fo r th e precedin g twelv e months Ther e hav e bee n use d nearl y 150,00 0 card s i n indexin g thi s year' s records an d th e car d inde x o f th e precedin g yea r ha s bee n transcribe d o n typewritte n sheet s an d boun d fo r reference B y th e consolidatio n o f th e offic e o f th e Secretar y o f th e Com missio n wit h thi s Burea u o n Februar y 1 last ther e cam e ove r t o thi s divisio n severa l thousan d records whic h ar e bein g indexe d an d filed a s rapidl y a s th e curren t wor k wil l permit I n additio n t o th e wor k o f recording thi s divisio n ha s performe d a n increasin g amoun t o f labo r whic h ordinarily doe s no t com e withi n th e jurisdictio n o f a recor d office bu t i s closel y relate d thereto Th e wor k referre d t o i s th e preparatio n o f memorand a an d digest s o f record s fo r th e informatio n o f official s an d othe r division s o f thi s Bureau Th e increas e i n work togethe r wit h casualtie s i n th e service ha s mad e i t a t time s ver y difficul t t o kee p u p th e personne l o f th e divisio n t o a satisfactor y standard eithe r a s t o number s o r quality becaus e o f th e scarcit y o f goo d material I t ha s seeme d best fo r 9 1

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9 2 sufficien t reasons t o mak e thi s divisio n a preparator y schoo l fro m whic h clerk s ar e draw n fo r othe r branche s o f th e Bureau wit h th e resul t tha t ther e hav e been o n tha t accoun t also man y change s i n personnel Th e wor k o f trainin g Filipino s fo r offic e wor k i n th e Englis h languag e ha s given encouragin g results Ver y respectfully SIDNE Y THOMAS Chief of Division. Th e EXECUTIV E SECRETARY

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APPENDI X J REPORT S O N ROA D AN D BRIDG E CONGRESSIONA L RELIE F WORK ANTIQUE / SA N JOS E D E BUENAVISTA October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: • Impossibl e t o mak e complet e repor t a s requeste d b y you r telegra m o f Septembe r 28 Ric e ha s bee n distribute d t o nearl y ever y tow n i n province bu t report s fro m person s i n charg e ar e no t ye t in s o ca n no t stat e ho w muc h relief-fun d ric e ha s bee n used SALAZAR. Acting Governor. BATANG-AS BATANGAS October 1, 1903. EERGUSSON Executive Secretary, Manila: Repor t roa d an d bridg e Congressiona l relie f fund Septembe r 1 t o Septembe r 30, inclusiv e (wor k commence d Septembe r 1 ) : Ibaan-Taysan road. —Repair 6 mile s cleare d an d 2 culverts ; 7 4 laborers 97 J picnls Balayan-Tuy-Nasugbu road. —Repairs, 1 for d an d 3 mile s opened ; 8 7 laborers 86 J piculs. Lemery-Calaca road. —Two mile s reconstructed 2 culverts ; 14 9 laborers 12 6 piculs Rosario-Tiaong road. —Four mile s graded ; 4 2 laborers 4 9 piculs Lipa-Alaminos road. —Two mile s graded ; 6 5 laborers 59 £ piculs Batangas-Talahib road. —One ford mile s ne w road ; 8 0 labor ers 59 f picnls Batangas-San Jose road. —Repairs, 1 culvert ; 3 1 laborers 33 ^ piculs. Roa d an d culver t materia l purchased 2 6 pienls Transportatio n o f ric e t o differen t pueblos 4 5 carretons 6 3 pic uls ; total 600 ^ piculs ; ric e received 4,00 0 piculs ; ric e o n hand 3,40 0 piculs 9 3

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9 4 Owin g t o harvestin g o f ric e an d cor n durin g Septembe r an d Oc tober labo r i n exchang e for ric e i s mor e difficul t t o obtai n tha n i t wil l b e tw o week s hence Luz Governor. BENGUET BAGUIO September 30, 1903. Hon A W FERGUSSON Executive-Secretary, Manila, P. I. SIR : I n complianc e wit h you r telegraphi c orde r Septembe r 28 I hav e th e hono r t o repor t tha t I hav e expende d fro m th e executiv e fun d i n m y hands namely 1*2,000 f*290.7 2 t o polista s fo r trans portin g ric e t o Baguio leavin g a balanc e i n m y hand s o f 1*1,709.28 Whil e som e wor k ha s bee n don e b y nativ e sawyer s her e a t Bagtlio t o who m I hav e furnishe d ric e fo r subsistence I ca n no t properl y repor t th e same owin g t o th e fac t tha t Mr Rowell superintenden t o f construction i s no t o n th e groun d t o giv e voucher s fo r th e ric e thu s furnished I mea n tha t I hav e furnishe d thi s ric e o n m y ow n responsibility O f course a s soo n a s h e returns the voucher s wil l b e furnished th e chec k made an d repor t wil l b e mad e t o yo u o n th e 1s t o f th e mont h following Fo r th e mone y alread y expende d I sen t voucher s thi s dat e t o Mr Lampman disbursin g office r o f th e Execu tiv e Bureau Ver y respectfully WILLIA M F PACK Provincial Governor. BULACAN MALOLOS October 1, 1903. Th e EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila, P. I.: Replyin g t o you r wir e o f Septembe r 28 relatin g t o wor k mad e o n road s an d bridge s fo r rice stat e a s follows : Malolos-Hagonoy. —One mil e goo d roa d an d 1 6 bridg e ap proache s constructed ; 11 0 piculs Barasoain-Quingua. —Three an d one-hal f mile s o f grave l roa d wer e pu t i n first-class condition ; 5 3 piculs Malolos-Calanate. —Three-fourths mil e o f first-class grave l road new ; 3 3 piculs Pulilan-Baliuag. —Three mile s wornou t grave l roa d pu t i n firstclas s condition ; 35 4 piculs

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9 5 Malolos-Santa Isabel .—Two mile s fai r grave l road ; 5 1 piculs Malolos-Bulacan-Guiguinto. —Two bridg e approaches one-hal f mil e Telfor d roa d resurfaced ; 10 9 picul s o f rice Tw o hundre d t o 80 0 me n wer e employe d daily N o trouble wa s experience d i n securin g o r keepin g laborers Foreme n wer e pai d money Som e provincia l mone y wa s spen t i n connectio n wit h rice a s som e material s coul d no t b e purchase d wit h rice Beside s th e above wor k i s unde r wa y o n th e followin g roads bu t n o payment s hav e bee n reporte d b y th e municipa l officer s wh o hav e charg e o f thi s work Si x hundre d t o 70 0 picul s wil l b e pai d o n thes e roads Baliuag-Sa n Miguel Bustos-Angat Polo-Statio n o f Polo Bo caue-Sant a Mari a ar e bein g don e b y contract Contrac t pric e o f grave l place d o n roa d eight-twenty-sevent h o f 1 picu l pe r cubi c meter N o payment s wer e mad e a s yet PABL O TECSON Governor of Bulacan. CAGAYAN. TUGUEGARAO October 1, 1903. CIVI L GOVERNOR Manila: I n repl y t o you r telegra m o f th e 28t h o f September I woul d stat e tha t 3,40 0 are'a t presen t workin g o n th e roa d fro m Tuguegara o t o Iguig Th e wor k o n road s an d bridge s whic h ha s bee n don e s o fa r an d tha t whic h i s bein g don e i s pai d ou t o f provincia l funds Th e provinc e di d no t as k fo r ric e o r othe r succo r fro m relie f fun d fo r tha t work accordin g t o repor t o f supervisor GONZAGA Governor. CAVITE CAVITE October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Roa d fro m Nai c t o Indang abou t 1 4 miles ha s bee n repaire d an d pu t i n goo d shap e a t a cos t o f abou t 14,00 0 pesos Bridge s an d a par t o f th e roa d betwee n Indan g an d Silan g hav e bee n repaire d a t a cos t o f abou t 50 0 pesos ; wor k stil l continued Roa d fro m Binacaya n throug h Imu s towar d Dasmarina s i s no w bein g repaired Tota l ric e fro m relie f fun d pai d ou t i s 29 8 piculs

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9 6 whic h doe s no t includ e a considerabl e quantit y du e fo r latte r hal f o f September Wor k o n roa d i s no w bein g presse d a s muc h a s practicable SHANKS Governor. CEBIT CEBU October 1, 1903. Hon Governo r TAFT Manila: Ric e arrive d Augus t 17 wor k starte d Augus t 28 ; abou t 4,00 0 yard s o f roa d an d 2 bridge s completed ; abou t 27,00 0 pound s o f ric e expended Ric e o n sal e i n thre e interio r towns ; report s o f sale s no t i n yet Whe n report s ar e i n ca n giv e exac t figures CLIMACO Governor. ILOCO S SUB VIGAN September 30, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: I n complianc e wit h you r telegra m o f Septembe r 28 amoun t o f mone y spen t o n road s an d bridge s i n thi s provinc e fo r yea r endin g Jun e 30 1903 wa s $19,232.96 Mexican an d $1,343.62 Unite d State s currency Sinc e Jul y 1 u p t o Septembe r 30 1903 spen t o n th e sam e wor k th e su m o f $7,503.09 Mexican Non e o f mone y pai d ou t o f th e relie f fund CRISOLOGO Governor. ILOILO ILOILO October 1, 1903. FERGUSSON Executive Secretary, Manila: Ric e expende d fo r wage s o f laborers 2,62 3 cavanes 9 ganta s an d 6 chupas Expende d fo r material 1 1 cavane s an d 1 7 gantas Lengt h o f th e road s repaired 12,60 0 feet Afte r th e lo w place s ha d bee n fille d i n th e roadbe d w r a s raise d thre e fee t abov e it s forme r leve l an d canal s wer e du g o n bot h side s o f th e road th e dept h o f whic h i s fro m 2 t o 3 feet widt h 3 0 feet Lengt h o f roa d wher e stone s wer e used 1,80 0 feet DELGADO Provincial Governor.

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9 7 ISABELA ILAGAN September 30, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Referrin g t o telegra m o f Septembe r 28 repor t o f wor k o n road s an d bridge s fo r fisca l yea r 190 3 i s give n i n annua l repor t o f supervisor-treasurer mad e t o chie f o f supervisor s Augus t 10 Onl y $296.7 6 hav e bee n expende d o n thi s wor k sinc e Jul y 1 an d liabili tie s outstandin g a t tha t time owin g t o smal l amoun t o f availabl e cas h unti l collectio n o f lan d ta x i n August N o ne w wor k ha s bee n undertake n sinc e Jul y 1 Supervisor-treasure r ha s inspected examined an d estimate d cos t o f work s mos t urgentl y neede d an d wit h abou t $7,500, Mexican no w availabl e wil l b e abl e t o d o con siderabl e towar d puttin g road s i n goo d condition Isabel a Provinc e ha s no t receive d o r neede d an y par t o f th e relie f fun d i n ric e o r otherwis e an d consequentl y ha s pai d onl y cas h fo r labor DICHOSO Provincial Governor. L A UNION SA N FERNANDO October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Replyin g t o you r telegra m o f 28th o f September thi s provinc e ha s no t receive d an y quantit y o f ric e fro m th e relie f fun d fo r road s an d bridges thoug h ric e wa s aske d opportunel y fo r tha t purpose ORTEGA Governor. LEPANTO-BONTOC CERVANTES September 30, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Replyin g you r telegra m 28th durin g fisca l yea r endin g Jun e 30 1903 ther e wer e 7 1 mile s trail s repaire d an d constructe d a t a cos t o f $11,157.67 loca l currency an d 2 smal l bridge s complete d a t cos t $36.50 loca l currency an d 1 larg e Kin g trus s bridg e partiall y complete d a t cos t $550.50 loca l currency Appropriatio n bill s Nos 1 4 an d 490 fo r si x months Jul y t o December inclusive 1902 d o no t specif y amoun t t o b e expende d o n road s an d bridge s annu ally Januar y t o June inclusive 1903 Ac t 59 5 provide s fo r sal arie s an d wage s an d fo r genera l provincia l expenses includin g repair s an d constructio n o f trails roads an d bridges no t t o excee d 1404 3 7

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9 8 $5,00 0 gold Fo r quarte r endin g Septembe r 30 1903 n o wor k ha s bee n don e o n road s an d bridges No w tha t rain y seaso n i s closin g superviso r expect s t o star t activ e wor k i n wee k o r te n days Ac t 80 7 appropriate s fo r contingen t expenses includin g purchas e o f officia l furnitur e an d supplies ; repair s t o publi c buildings labo r an d materia l fo r improvement s o f bridges roads an d trails no t t o excee d $2,500 gold DINWIDDIE Governor. LETTE TACLOBAN October 1, 1903. TAFT Governor, Manila: I n complianc e wit h telegra m o f Septembe r 28t h callin g fo r repor t upo n roa d wor k I submi t th e following : Tacloban-Palo road. —Three an d eight-tenth s mile s regrade d an d surface d wit h coral ; 7 bridge s renewed varyin g i n lengt h fro m 3 6 t o 3 7 feet Sid e ditche s ar e unclea n an d fille d wit h growth ; 3 sec tio n me n ar e employe d upo n thi s road whic h forc e i s insufficient Roadbe d an d bridge s i n excellen t condition Bridg e constructe d i n tow n o f Palo lengt h 17 8 feet Palo-Alang-Alang road. —Road completed grade d withou t sur facin g t o barri o o f Malirong 2 J miles ; roa d previousl y regrade d withou t surfacin g t o barri o o f Antibac J mile bu t du e t o th e fac t tha t th e roadbe d wa s no t sufficientl y elevated furthe r wor k wil l b e neede d t o mak e i t complete Beyond thi s poin t abou t one-hal f mil e o f roadbe d i s i n proces s o f construction Tw o bridge s 7 0 fee t long on e 4 3 fee t long an d on e 3 3 fee t long an d 7 culvert s averagin g 1 0 fee t lon g hav e bee n constructed Palo-Tanauan road. —About mile s roadbe d regraded Tanauan-Dagami road. —Reconstruction o f thre e temporar y cocoanu t bridges portion s regraded bu t no t complete Thi s wor k ha s al l bee n pai d fro m "roa d an d bridg e funds thi s province n o wor k ha s bee n done an d n o labo r ha s bee n pai d fro m "relie f ric e fund. BORSETH Acting Governor. MASBATE MASBATE October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: N o wor k o n road s an d bridge s a s ye t performed Arrangement s

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9 9 mad e b y superviso r t o commenc e th e buildin g o f bridge s i n Islan d o f Tica o thi s month wher e sam e ar e ver y necessary Roa d wor k hardl y possibl e o n accoun t o f continue d rains Ric e sol d b y super viso r t o th e amoun t o f 16 2 picul s fo r purchas e o f buildin g materia l fo r provincia l building pla n fo r sam e havin g bee n drafte d b y hi m an d submitte d t o th e provincia l board whic h bod y approve d same SERRANO Provincial Governor. MINDORO CALAPAN October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Eleve n an d one-fourt h mile s telephon e lin e constructed Puert o Galer a t o Abr a d e Ilog a t 3 0 peso s pe r mile ; pai d i n rice $337.50 Mexican Roa d fro m se a t o Nauja n an d bridg e ove r rive r 17 5 sack s rice o r $1,181.25 Mexican ; total $1,518.75 Mexican OFELEY Governor. MISAMIS CAGAYAN September 28,-1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Th e 3,00 0 picul s o f ric e fo r us e o n th e road s i n thi s provinc e arrive d her e th e 27t h an d wer e discharge d bu t yesterday Wor k upo n th e road s wil l begi n th e firs t par t o f October I n vie w o f th e abov e n o repor t ca n wel l b e mad e a s ye t a s requeste d i n you r telegra m o f th e 28t h instant CORRALES Governor. NEGRO S ORIENTAL DUMAGUETE October 1, 1903. TAFT Civil Governor, Manila: I n repl y t o you r telegra m o f th e 28t h o f Septembe r repor t tha t thi s provincia l board havin g n o authorit y t o us e th e relief-fun d ric e fo r th e work s o n road s an d bridges n o ric e ha s bee n invoice d fo r sai d purposes Th e work s accomplishe d b y th e supervisor treasure r hav e bee n pai d fo r ou t o f th e provincia l funds LARENA Governor.

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10 0 NUEV A ECIJA SA N ISIDRO October 1, 1903. TAFT Governor, Manila: Hav e u p t o dat e no t disburse d ric e fo r roa d an d bridg e work ther e bein g n o ric e fo r thi s purpos e o n hand ROQUE Acting Governor. NUEV A VIZCAYA BAYOMBONG September 30, 1903. TAET Civil Governor, Manila: I a m unabl e t o submi t repor t o n roa d buildin g an d ric e relie f fun d becaus e tim e i s to o shor t t o ge t .informatio n togethe r to-day an d to-morro w th e telegrap h lin e i s t o b e abandoned Wil l for war d b y mail BENNETT Provincial Governor. PAMPANGA BACOLOR October 1, 1903. CIVI L GOVERNOR Manila: Superviso r report s havin g expende d 9 1 picul s o f ric e o n roa d Guagu a t o Lubao genera l repairs ; roa d i n Betis genera l repairs ; roa d Sa n Fernand o t o Mexico genera l repairs ; an d bridg e betwee n Angele s an d Porac repair s t o floor H e estimate s tha t 1,50 0 picul s hav e bee n expende d elsewher e i n thi s province but a s pa y roll s ar e no t ye t complete d t o date ca n no t giv e detaile d accoun t now JOVEN Governor of Pampanga. PANGASINAN LINGAYEN October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Relativ e t o you r telegra m o f Septembe r 2 8 I woul d stat e tha t I shal l infor m yo u o f th e su m spen t fo r roa d an d bridg e wor k a s soo n a s th e pa y roll s o f th e superviso r shal l b e received N o ric e o f th e relie f fun d has-bee n expende d s o far To-da y commence s shipmen t o f ric e t o Sual wher e ther e i s work t o b e use d a s par t o f wage s o f laborers I t i s propose d t o pa y 3 0 cents Philippine s currency an d 3 pound s o f ric e pe r da y t o eac h laborer Th e roa d an d bridg e wor k i s wel l distribute d throughou t th e provinc e an d

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10 1 pai d wit h provincia l funds Ther e i s n o rea l scarcit y i n an y o f th e pneblo s wit h exceptio n o f Sual an d th e boar d i s providin g fo r it s needs FAVILA Governor. LINGAYEN October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Supervisor' s pa y roll s an d materia l used road s an d bridges mont h o f September total 2,533.41 Philippine s currency Al l provincia l funds PARAGUA CUYO October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: N o roa d o r bridg e wor k ha s bee n don e i n th e Provinc e o f Paragu a durin g th e pas t yea r excep t repai r wor k don e b y munici palities Al l town s an d settlement s i n th e provinc e bein g o n sea coast nearl y al l communicatio n an d transfe r o f product s carrie d o n b y water Foo t trail s ar e kep t ope n b y contribute d labor Ther e ar e n o wago n road s i n th e province N o relief-fun d ric e ha s bee n use d i n th e Provinc e o f Paragua MILLER Governor. RIZAL PASIG October 1, 1903. Hon WILLIA M H TAET Civil Governor in the Philippines, Manila: SIR : I n complianc e wit h you r telegra m date d th e 28t h ultimo relativ e t o th e direction s containe d i n Executive Orde r No 6 4 o f th e 31s t o f Jul y las t I be g leav e t o stat e tha t th e boar d ha s onl y yesterda y discusse d thi s matter s o fa r a s th e repai r o f road s an d bridge s o f th e provinc e i s concerned Nevertheless a s soo n a s th e estimate s fo r th e requisitio n o f ric e fro m th e Insula r Purchasin g Agen t an d th e resolution s regardin g th e repai r o f road s an d bridge s shal l hav e bee n completed I shal l immediatel y advis e you a s prescribe d i n th e aforesai d order fo r you r information I hav e th e hono r t o be sir You r mos t obedien t servant A DANOEL Provincial Governor.

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10 2 ROMBLON ROMBLON September 29, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila, P. I. : Road s i n provinc e hav e bee n repaire d fro m tim e t o tim e a s re quired ; n o improve d road s i n province ; bridge s al l i n fai r con dition Contract s recentl y le t fo r repai r thre e bridge s o n Sibuya n Island H o relief-fun d ric e receive d b y province Constructio n o f improve d road s i n thi s provinc e woul d cos t abou t $1,000 Unite d State s currency pe r mil e an d woul d no t b e o f an y grea t com mercial value a s Romblo n i s onl y protecte d por t i n th e province SANZ Governor. SAMAR CATBALOGAN October 1, 1903. Governo r TAET Manila: H o ric e ha s bee n expende d fo r roa d an d bridg e wor k i n thi s province non e havin g bee n requeste d b y th e municipalitie s wh o are b y orde r o f thi s provincia l government repairin g sam e i n thei r district s a s wel l a s the y can SINGSON Governor. SORSOGON SORSOGON September 30, 1903. Th e CIVI L GOVERNOR Manila: Althoug h stil l wea k o n accoun t o f m y illness I commence d t o wor k to-da y i n orde r no t t o neglec t administratio n o f government Repor t i n ful l o f roa d an d bridg e wor k don e i n whic h ric e wa s expende d wil l b e remitte d b y mail Provincia l supervisor i n charg e o f managemen t o f rice i s awa y fro m provincia l capital MONREAL Governor. SURIGAO SURIGAO October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila, P. I. : Fro m Jul y 1 19.01 t o Jul y 14 1903 abou t one-hal f mil e o f roa d ha s bee n buil t an d tw o smal l bridge s an d 1 mil e o f roa d repaire d unde r supervisio n o f provincia l supervisor Fro m Jul y

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10 3 14 1903 t o Septembe r 30 1903 tw o smal l bridge s hav e bee n bnil t an d provincia l ground s improved N o relief-fun d ric e expended RAFAE L ELIOT Acting Governor. TAYABAS LUCENA October 1, 1903. EXECUTIV E SECRETARY Manila: Roa d wor k don e durin g September : Lucena-Tayaba s road filling ditches brushin g an d grading 2 miles ; Sariaya-Candelari a road brushin g an d grading 4 miles ; Candelaria-Tiaon g road brushing filling ditches an d grading 1 mile ; total 7 miles o f roa d work Ric e expended 40 0 piculs PARAS Governor. ZAMBALES IBA October 1, 1903. Mr FERGUSSON Executive Secretary, Manila, P. I.: Hav e to-da y receive d you r telegra m o f Septembe r 2 8 last relativ e t o repor t upo n road s an d bridges I repl y tha t steamshi p Masbate brough t ric e t o Ib a o n Septembe r 15 t o Sant a Cru z o n th e 16th t o Bolina o o n th e 17th Fro m thes e point s i t wa s immediatel y distribute d t o th e pueblo s o f th e province th e amoun t o f thi s ric e bein g 1,98 9 piculs Wor k o n road s an d bridge s coul d no t b e com mence d i n al l th e town s unti l th e 28t h o f September an d a s ther e ha s bee n n o tim e fo r receivin g dat a fro m th e municipalities i t i s no t possibl e fo r m e t o infor m yo u no w o f th e amoun t o f wor k don e an d o f th e amoun t o f th e relie f fun d expended However I shal l d o s o a s soo n a s possible LESACA Governor. o