Citation
The Madagascar news

Material Information

Title:
The Madagascar news
Uncontrolled:
Filazalazana malagasy
Donor:
Hardyman Madagascar Collection
Place of Publication:
Antananarivo
Publisher:
Madagascar News
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Materials:
Paper ( medium )

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Madagascar ( lcsh )
Commerce -- Periodicals -- Madagascar ( lcsh )
Périodiques -- Madagascar
Commerce -- Périodiques -- Madagascar
Gazety -- Madagasikara
Varotra -- Gazety -- Madagasikara
Genre:
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Afrique -- Madagascar
Africa -- Madagascar
Afrika -- Madagasikara
Coordinates:
-20 x 47

Notes

Biographical:
Malagasy version pub. under title: Filazalazana malagasy
Citation/Reference:
Holdings: v.1:1 (1890) - 6th Year, no.36 (1895) - Incomplete. CWML P9- Holdings: v.2:41, 42, 44 (1891 Oct 10, 17, 31); 3:6-9 (1892 Feb 6 - 27).
Donation:
Hardyman Madagascar Collection

Record Information

Source Institution:
SOAS, University of London
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
304300 ( aleph )
X180125035 ( oclc )
WYM 1D.20 596145 ( soas classmark )

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Full Text
The Madagascar News

VOL. I. No. 1,

ANTANANARIVO, SATURDAY, MAY 31, 1890


[Price 3d.



The Madagascar News.

It has been resolved, in the interests of the
British Community, to re-issue a newspaper in the
English language, and it will be issued hereafter
every fortnight. The price will he reduced to three
pence (six cents) so that the total annual cost to sub-
scribers is considerably less than that of its prede-
cessor. While manfully upholding British interests,
the policy of the Madagascar News will be one of
International Amity. Especial attention will be
directed to those Industries and Enterprises which
are most adapted to the wants and resources of this
Island.

It is believed, by all persons who are compet-
ent to form an opinion on the subject, that this
Country only requires liberal and enlightened
development, to render it one of the richest in
the World. And it is thought that those re-
sults will be attained by steadily keeping them in
view, and ventilating them, in the columns of an
independent newspaper.

In this hope, the Proprietors and Editors of
the Madagascar News earnestly appeal to all sec-;
tions of the Vazaha and Malagasy Community, to
support them in the task which they have under-
taken. Correspondence is solicited from every part
of Madagascar.

British Mail

NOTICE.

fpHF next ftjail for transmission abroad, via
Reunion and Mauritius, will be despatched
from the British Vice-Consulate Antananarivo on
Monday, the 2nd. day of June, 1890.

Bags closed at noon.

r TIDINGS FROM HOME

The Messageries Maritimes steamer Rio Grande
arrayed,.off Tainatave on Tuesday last, 27th inst,
with the Revd. A. M. and Mrs. Hewlett, and Miss.
Haviland, amongst the passengers from Bourbons
In her passenger list from Mauritius we notice the
well-kpown names of M. Rigaud, M. Desvaux,
and Clarenbach.

The following telegrams are to hand by the same

steamer.

London, 26 AprilEmin Pacha, accompanied by
600 carriers, 5 German officers arid a great number
of Nubian soldiers, has left for the interior. <

29 AprilSeven Anarchist leaders have been ar-
rested in Paris, a discovery of a secret printing
office and revolutionary pamphlets has followed.

30 April15 Anarchists ha'sie been arrested in

Lyons, explosives have been discovered in their
houses. Major Wissman, with a large number of
troops, has left Bagaraayo to take possession of
Kilwa. H. M. S. Turquoise has returned to
Kilwa to protect British interests.

Paris 30 Aj rilLouise Michel and many other
anarchists have been arrested today,

London, 1 MayThe Queen has returned to
Windsor. The Deceased Wifes Sister Marriage
Bill has passed the second reading in the House
of Commons. News has arrived that a revolution
has broken out in Paraguay and that it has been
suppressed. The telegraph linos are cut .and we
have not anv further news of the rising.

Delagoa Bay, 1 MayM. Granier, a French-
man, has entered the river Limpopo in the gunbo-
at Mac-Mahok.

London, 2 MayWorkmens demonstrations in
favour of the 8 hours movement took place j'es-
terday over all Europe. Great police and military
precautions were taken in Paris, Berlin, and Vienna,
hut all passed off very orderly. I,q the ..eve&ing,
however, riotous meetings took pffice in Paris, the
cavalry charged, 30 peeple were hurt, a great
number of arrests have been made.

3 MayThe Committee for the Relief of Emin
received Stanley yesterday evening in St. James
Hall in the presence of the Prince and Princes of
Wales, the Duke of Edinburgh arid a great number
of the nobility. The German Government has as-
ked the Reichstag for a credit of 4 million marks
for the expedition of Major Wiesmann. Portugal
has agreed to arbitration on the Delagoa Bay
Railway question.

5 MayThe British East Africa Company has
proclaimed the emancipation of slaves within its
territory, without indemnity to the owners.

6 MayMr. Stanley and his companions

were present yesterday at monster reception
given in the Albert Hall by the Royal Geo-
graphical Society. The Prince of Whies, the
Dukes of Edinburgh and Cambridge and a very
great number of notabilities were present. Mr.
Stanley described the geographical results of
his.travels. The Prince .of Wales p.vesepte^a


2

THE MADAGASCAR NEWS

May 31, 1890]

special gold medal to Stanley and bronze medals
to his companions.

7 MayA great fire haB taken place at a
lunatic asylum, near Montreal, 1300 lunatics
were in the building at the time; it is believed
that about 100 have perished. Stanley arrived
in Windsor yesterday, lie was met at the
station by the Mayor and was driven to the
Castle in the Royal carriage; he dined with
Her Majesty and slept at the Castle.

8 MayMajor Wissmann has occupied Kilwa,
without meeting with opposition, the natives having
evacuated the place alter the bombardment.

9 MayA lunatic asylum., attached to a poor-
house, near Norwich, New York, h is been destroyed
by fire. Thirteen people have perished.

10 May,A Portuguese expedition has started
to occupy Guzaland, with the object of confirming
the treaty made with Portugal, so as to obtain
the right to a protectorate,An exchange of pris-
oners has taken place between France and the
King of Dahomey.

t t

M. Bompard, the Resident-General, rettirned to
this city on the 20th. inst; after crossing overland
to Mojanga to meet the arrival of his wife from
Europe, M. Bompard has visited on his return
route all the principal northern ports of the island
An unusually cordial reception in honour of Madame
Bompards arrival was accorded to his party, as
it passed through the town to the French Residency.
Madame Bompard is rapidly becoming popular,
for not only does she possess the same amiable
courtesy and social tact as her husband, but she
has besides those rare feminine qualities which are
so fascinating in a salon, and which cause French-
women to be so universally admired and their in-
fluence bowed to.

n

RETURN OF THE ROYAL TROOPS.

Prince Ramahatra and his victorious Army of
the West made their triumphal entry into the
Capital on Thursday the 22nd. May. The day being
brilliantly fine, and the Prince being universally
popular, all Antananarivo turned out to witness the
pageant. The populace, in their best Sunday go-
to-meeting lambas, lined the whole route. The
Vazahas occupied several coigns of vantage on the
plateau of Andohalo. M. and Madame Iribe had a
galaxy of beauty on their spacious terrace, among
whom we noticed the newly arrived ladies of the
French Residency, in the latest Parisian fashions.
But without invidious comparisons, it may be
mentioned, that two fair and bright English girls
quite held their own in that bevy of gaily dressed
dames. The cannon boomed out a salute ; and the
applause of the crowd was at times enthusiastic:
the Prince repeatedly acknowledging it by bowing
and smiling his thanks. The si ldiers looked very
well. A company of Sakalava spear men gave an
interesting local color to the cortege. Two military

bands discoursed fairly good music ; and the nume-
rous mounted officers were gorgeous in their gold-
embroidered uniforms. The procession reached the
Palace at about 3 oclock ; where the usual presenta-
tions to Her Majesty took place. The Sakalava chiefs
their wives and their hostages also formed part of the
cortege. The rejoicings were prolonged far into the
night, and even continued on the following day.

Prince Ramahatra and his colleagues have been
inundated by visitors offering congratulations to
them upon their return. (Communicated)

tt

On Tuesday last, the 27th inst, a State Recep-
tion was accorded to Prince Ramahatra, 15vtra.
and his staff on their return from their victorious
expedition against the Sakalava of the Solary dis-
trict. H. E., the Prime Minister expressed to
Prince Ramahatra the high appreciation of Her
Majesty of the success which had attended his
generalship and the patriotic efforts of the troops
with him. A sumptuous feast was enjoyed and
the Reception and festivities lasted from noon till
eve. The triumphant troops in their march thro-
ugh the town presented an imposing spectacle: but
although en route to the Palace Mars seemed in
the ascendency, yet on the disperfeul of the gather-
ing Venus, as is right in the timb of Peace, regain-
ed her supremacy and Mars had to take a back
seat in his filanzana, as the tastily dressed Hova
ladies rode gracefully h). The tout ensemble iu
the gloaming recalled Tennysons lines,

Many a night I saw the Pleiads, rising thro-
ugh the mellow shade,

Glitter like a swarm of fire-flies, tangled in a
silver braid.

tt

Mr. Frank Harvey, after a three years residence
oil the North West West Coast, returned on the
20 inst to this town to take up the management of
the Antananarivo business of. the highly esteemed
firm Messrs. G. A. Coomhes & Co.

tt

MADAGASCAR FOREST COMPANY.

The directors of this company held a meeting
in the City Terminus Hotel, Cannon-street, for
the purpose of meeting representatives of the
timber trade on the occasion of the' a-rVival of their
first cargo of timber fiorn Madagascar. The meeting
took the form of a luncheon,-and was presided over by
Mr. She pherd (of Sutton and Shepherd) in the ab-
sence of the chairman (Mr. Bumpus, Q.C.^.

Mr. Roe, M.P., as one who had been engaged in
the. timber trade for 40 years, bore testimony to the
value of the forest products of Madagascar as com-
pared with home timber; and Mr. S. Proctor, the
Madagascar consul, speaking on behalf of the direc-
tors, gave an exposition of the qualities of specimens
of the woods on exhibition. These woods are practi-
cally new to this country. One of them, known by
the native name of hintsy, resembles teak in general


THE MADAGASCAR NEWS

3

May, 31 1890]

appearance, hut is much heavier and closer in the
grain. jJ It has a! similar deposit to the phosphate of
limb found in British teak. This wood is almost
universally employed in Madagascar for building
purposes. The other principal woodsnantk and
bazovolaresemble our mahogany, but are much supe-
rior in weight and density. The cargo also con-
tains a Very fine specimen of rosewood. Mr. F. W.
Reynplds spoke of the value of the woods, all of which
take'a good polish for furnishing purposes, and he
also hinted that beneath the forest propei ties of the
company great mineral wealth was believed to be
secroted. -The company afterwards adjourned to the
docks and inspected the cargo just received.

n

THE MADAGASCAR TIMES DIRECTORY.

Now IN THE PRESS.

Mr. A. Tacchi begs to announce to his friends and
the public generally, the issue of a Directory of Mada-
gascar. The subscription to the same will be $5 or
£1, a dollar to be paid on subscribing and th rest
on delivery of the Book.

This Directory will be upwards of 250 quarto pag-
es ; and will contain all items of general information
and interest concerning the great African Island,
AH the T reaties between Madagascar and foreign
powers in three languages, the Laws of Madagascar
in Freijoh and ..English .; and a general guide to rou-
tes, etc., a directory of all foreigners resilient in the
island, all native officials, and every other informa-
tion of a public character.

Business advertisements will he received at the rate
$10 per page.

All communications should be addressed

A. Tacchi, Compiler and Editor
Antananarivo.

..... A tt

The following article has been extracted and slight-
ly altered from the Eastern, Australasian and South
African Journal of Commerce and Intercolonial
Trade. Although written for English readers, it
would be worth translating into other languages, as
being applicable to many nationalities :

EDUCATION FROM A COMMERCIAL
POINT OF VIEW.

The schoolmaster is not only abroad, but is very
much in evidence just now. Every day some fresh
scheme'fir -suggestion is brought before the public,
from the faddists and fanatics whowit bout any practi-
cal knowledge of the question m its bearing upon com-
mercial or manufacturing lifedevote their time, their
energies, and (dvhat they call) their minds, to the
promulgation of crude theories, the carrying out of
which would only result in mental, physical, and
financial disaster to all concerned. Peoples palaces,
technical schools and colleges, museums, are rising on
every side. Money is poured out with a lavish hand

to teach all the otomies and ologics to those who,
from thf ir natural capabilities, are, and must continue
to be, hewers of wood and drawers of water. Educa-
tion is the popular craze. The matter is one of the
first importance, and it wrould be well to consider,
first, how the result will add to the national pros-
perity, individually and collectively; and, secondly,
whether its effect will be to make the rising genera-
tion wiser, better, and happier than their fathers?

To answer these questions satisfactorily would, of
course, involve more time and space than we could
spare for the purpose. We can, therefore, only indi-
cate a few of the salient points which bear upon the
subject as a whole.

It must be generally admitted, that whether from
some fault in the system, or curriculum, or whether
from some inherent weakness in poor humanity,
education too frequently results in creating a distaste
not to say incapacityfor manual labour in any
form, and drives its unlucky possessor to the counter
or to the desk, to scramble for the poor return which
this kind of labour yields, under some mistaken idea
of respectabilityin other words, to become an ac-
count-keeper or seller rather than a producer. This
must be looked upon as a national misfortune, and a
wholesale shifting of the work that could be done by-
women to the* shoulders of men. More than this,
even to one who has the good sense to choose some
mechanical handicraft, or agricultural pursuit, the
knowledge gained by his so-called education is of
little or no use, and in a few years is in many cases
forgotten, as it has and can have nothing to do with ;
his after life, had no connection with his work, and
did not assist him to understand it better, suggest
improved methods, or give it fresh interest or signifi-
cance.

In writing thus we must not be understood as in
any way reflecting upon the value of education in the
abstract. Every man, woman, or child should be
able to read, write, and cypher, more or less; but they
need not necessarily be versed in the progress of En-
glish liierature, or acquainted with the Binomial
Theorem. For those who have to get their living by
manual labour of one kind or other, the time devoted
to these extra subjects is simply wasted.

The real truth is, that every school should, be a
technical school in a certain sense, and elementary,
science should be the first, instoad of the last, con-
sideration in the curriculum. A workshop in which ,
a lad could learn the use of tools and simple machi-
nery in a general way would be a far more profitable
use of his time lhan in exercising his mind over such
subjects as analysis and the like, which can be of no
use to him in his future work. The coming mecha-
nic must be a very different man from bis present
represeniative. Even the young artificer who is now
learning in the shop, without any previous theoretical
teaching, will be at a disadvantage compared with
the b jy who begins his career with a certain
foundation already laid, upon which to build; ir-
respective of which the shop apprentice is likely as


4

THE MADAGASCAR NEWS

[May 31, 1890

not to have bad habits of work fastened on him by-
tradition or custom, from which the scientifically
taught school boy will be free. The shop boy may be
practical, but the school boy will be equally practi-
cal, with the added advantage of a certain amount
of theoretical knowledge. The shop boy may be
able to do all the work planned and designed for him,
but the school boy will be able not only to do the
work, but the planning as well. All this points to
the change that would come upon us if the teaching
of science were once made the dominating influence in
ouy educational system, and the effect upon our
manufacturing position could hardly be overrated.
Whatever the occupation of the boy may be, his
education ought to have furnished him with resources
to meet the struggles of life. However lowly his
craft, or ordinary his work, science will teach him
something which, if rightly understood and appreciat-
ed, will ennoble it. We repeat that science is the
great promoter of material prosperity, and it is only
when it is driven from labour that the latter becomes
the toilsome and wearisome drudgery of the serf.

(We shall return to this subject, and endeavour to
ascertain how far and in what form the present sys-
tem of education is likely to affect the general charac-
ter of the population, both individually and as
members of the commonwealth, in respect to their
wisdom, happiness, or moral positiona large subject,
involving considerations to some extent outside its
commercial aspect.)



# #

ON THIS SUBJECT OF TECHNICAL
SCHOOLS

The Mining Journal States.

New Mining and Science Schools are being
erected at Penzance, at a cost of nearly £20?0,
towards which a goodly sum has been contribut-
ed locally, and the maximum grant of £500 to-
wards the building made by the Science and Art
Department and the thought occurs to us
that if a similar, though less costly step, was
taken in Antananarivo, Madagascar and the

Malagasy would vastly benefit.

#

# *

There are several gentlemen, native and Va-
zaha, in this city, capable of organizing and
directing such a movement. One of whom is
recognized, even in London, as an authority on
the geology of Madagascar .

it

That the mineral resources of Madagascar
should receive the most thorough investigation
is very advisable. The discovery of some metals
and substances materially aid the economical
working of others. Of this fact the Eastern
etc. Journal of Commerce enables us to cite an
instance. For on the Discovery of Quicksilver
at Johannesburg our contemporary writes.

The latest Cape mail brings intelligence to
the effect that at Johannesburg a wonderful
strike of quicksilver has been made on a farm.
It is eight or ten feet from the surface, with
every indication of going down. No discovery
of greater importance to the gold industry could,
be made, and the large houses are greatly in-
terested in it.

Quicksilver has long been exported by the
Arabs from the West Coast of Madagascar where
it is found. Its price in London is about $47

per flask.

>

WHAT THE WORLD
is sayipg about
Madagascar

Old Mother Grundy is very chatty about Ma-
dagascar just at piosent- She is always wonder-
fully well infer ned. Invariably .she knows more
about other peoples business than they do
themselves. It fact, as we heard it mercilessly
said of a lady the other day by another, she
never opens her mouth without putting her foot
in it This, by the way, struck us as such an
extraordinary feat by the lady referred to, that

we asked what size boot she wore 1
*

tt

Even the influential Mining Journal of
London, is telling us things about ourselves
which is news to us. That organ gravely
states, writing on Gold in Madagascar,
The political ascendancy which the French
enjoy in Madagascar will no doubt be utilised
by them for rendering this proclamation as
nearly as possible an encouragement to French
enterprise only. At all events they have the
advantage of an early start. The reports
which reach Paris upon the Madagascar gold
mines are of a very promising character, but
they are somewhat too vague to inspire much
confidence, and it may be may some time before
the work of exploiting the mines there on any
scale is carried out.

t t

As for the political ascendancy which the French
are supposed by the Mining Journal to enjoy in
Madagascar we demur to its existence. Article 2
of the 18856 Treaty between France and Mada-
gascar provides against that, by stipulating that fu-
ture relations between the two Powers shall be con-
ducted without interfering in the internal adminis-
tration of the country.

#

# *

Then the supposition of the Mining Journal that
the influence the French have here will no doubt bo
utilised by them for rendering this proclamation as
nearly as possible an encouragement to French on-


[M! vy 31, 1899

T H E M A D \ G A SC A R NEWS

5

terprise only is at variance with the attitude of the:
present Resident-General and his staff towards the
enterprises of those of other nationality.

* #

That the late Resident-General was very antagon-
istic to all projects not promoted aod conducted by
Frenchmen is notorious and his effort to make of
Madagascar 8- French Colony brought about very
strained relations between the French and the other
sections of the foreign community.

*

& #

The inexpediency of such a.condition of things
was, however, soon recognized by the Foreign Office
of France, anti her Government iu earnest desire flto
aid the march of the Malagasy Government and
people on the path of civilization and progress
placed hero as R sident-Gefleral a gentleman who has
stilled the troubled waters, and even restored cordia-
lity between those in this country of different natio-
nality to his own.

#

* # *>

It was a difficult and tedious task, but it has been
successfully accomplished : and now it is with ex-
treme regret, and even pain, that we find that the
Press of Europefor it is not alone the Mining
Journal but also, among| others, the Standard
writing in a way calculated to stir up again the qu-
enched fires of political controversy and racial dis-
cord.

it

Madagascar possesses immense natural mineral
and agricultural wealth but through what we
may call the internecine feuds of Europeans till
now it is latent. Civil strife is the m >st destructive
of wars : and contention between persons of the
European race is truly a civil war ; for from the gre-
at Aryan family all Europe has sprung.

Therefore, quarrels between French, English.
Germans, Americans, is civil war on an enlarged
scale ; and out here in Madagascar, in a foreign
country, amongst a nation t o whom we are not
related, we should show a better example than the
Kilkenny cats who fought until they devoured each
other !

*

* *

At present the march of the Malagasy Go-
vernment and people on the path of civilisation
and progress is a very laggard affair, but it will not
break into the donble quick unless it is seen that
Vazahas are in earnest for a commercial develop-
ment of Madagascar and will not uso progress as a
means for acquiring political ascendancy.

t I.

The Hova is a commercial race, and they will
welcome commercial development. It is fear of
a political false step which causes the march of
progress to be ever and anon called to a halt.

*

*

The French Resident has shown that he wishes
' amity with one and all. Let him now carry his good-
will a little farther and do all with iii his power to

bring French, British and other merchants to a
unity of purpose, so that at least the monstrous
inefficiency of the present system of transport sh.aH
he brought prominently before His Excellency the
Prime Minister by an International Committee.

t t .......... ,,

Thus far the Resident General may, at least-, aid
the development of the resources of the country.. We
do not suggestthat he should promote'a Trans-
port Company, but we do ask him to do all iff his
power to render easy the formation of an Interna-
tional Cornuiitte for the discussion of the Transport
trouble and for the consideration of the best way to
firing this hindrance to trade and the prosperity of
the Malagasy before the favourable notice of the
Prime Minister.

+ j ;

Having lately traversed the island the Resident
General must now be fully aware of the inconveni-
ence and dilatoriness of the present' system of-trans-
port and we are quite certain that the English Com-
munity, to a man, would hail an improvement in the
communication, as one of the greatet boons which
could he granted by the Hova Government.

WHAT OTHER COUNTRIES

Are do in b. . .

WHY NOT ALSO MADAGASCAR?

A Reuters telegram from Cape Town states
that the export of gold from the Cape during the
month of March amounted in value to £144,000.

THE PRODUCTIONS OF GOLD MINES
OWNED BY GREAT BRITAIN.

British-owned gold mines lastyear produced consider-
ably more gold than in the previous, twelve months,
the improvement being about one and three-quarter
millions sterling. The greatest advance has been
made in Queensland, in which colony the yield last
year is estimated to have been 738,000 oz., as ,com-
pared with 482,OCX) in the preceding year. This in-
crease of 256,000 oz., is equal to over 53 per cent.
Taking the yield at £3 15s., an ounce,1 last years total
amounts to £2,767,000 against £1,807,000 in 1888.
The increase, according to the Economist, is mainly
due to the larger productiveness of the Mount Morg-
an mine, which is at present owned locally, though
steps have recently been taken to appoint a London
board, and to open an office there for the registration
of transfers. From South Africa the export of gold
during the year is estimated at about £1,500,000,
comparing with about £900,000 in the previous year,
by far the greater proportion of the total output hav-
iug been contributed by the Witwatersrandt district.
It is reported, however, that the production of the
Lydenburg district, which has hitherto been com-
paratively small, amounted last month to over


6

THE MADAGASCAR NEWS

[May, 31, 1890

£80,000 ; and as the yield of the Randt mines, with j
small contributions from the Potchefstroom and
Klerksdorp districts, reached a total of about 40,000
oz., or say £150,000, the exports of gold from the
Cape and Natal this month are likely to be much the
largest on record. Compared with those figures the
Indian production cuts rather a poor figure. Still
that has increased from about £130,000 in 1888 to
nearly £300,000 last yearan increase of over 130
percent.

Coal from Japan.

The Board of Trade Journal showp that Japan
continues actively 'to develope her coal resources.
The total output of the Japan coal mines last
year was over 2,000,000 tons, of which one quar-i
ter was yielded by the Government mines. For
some years past Japan has imported no coal, but
has exported coal largely to China. The coal yield
of last year was 35 per cent, larger than in 1888.

The export of coal from Japan is rapidly in-
creasing, and the product finds a ready sale from
Ceylon on the one side, to San Francisco on the
other. The Japanese Government abolished the ex-
port duties on coal-a year and a half ago, and now
vessels ; can take in supplies at Nagasaki under
very favourable conditions. The estimate of the
capacity of the coal-field in the district is given as
follows ; Miiki (poor quality) 150,000,000 tons,
Hirado and Imabuku (common) 70,000,000 tonp,
Chikusen and Busen (medium) 670,000,000 tons,
Amakusa (anthracite) 20,000,000 tons, Jakasima
(quality equal to that of Cardiff) 2,000,000 tons.

the total export of 1888, and this cansed a rise in the quota-
tion tor rice. The quantity exported during the first half of
last year was 2,966,000 piculs, valued at 6,573,417 yen, which
is an increase of abont 3,000,000 as compared with the amonnt
realised during the same period, which came np to 3,768,206
ven. It is only one million less than the total export of 1888,
7,421,238 yen.

Successful Cotton-Growing in Russia.

Great quantities of cotton are now being grown in Central
Asia by the Russian merchants, and the Trans-Caspian Line
has almost more work than it can manage. In Southern Rus-
sia, in the neighbourhood of the Don, experiments in grow-
ing cotton have been very successful, and we may, in a few
years, hear that Russia is growing hor own cotton as well as
tea in Europe.

NEW ZEALAND FRUIT TRADE WITH ENGLAND.

In addition to sending ub large supplies of frozen meat.
New Zealand is beginning to develop a fruit trade with the
mother country. A recent steamer from Auckland to London
brought 3,000 cases of colonially-growu apples.

AUSTRALLIAN VITICULTURE.

We are glad to hear that the Government of Victoria is
interesting itself in the question of wine production, and that
the Minister of Agriculture has secured trial plots of ground
to be set apart ter the purpose of ascertaining the kind of wine
best suited to /he soil and climate of various districts. Our
colonists are at present little more than on the threshold of
the practical study of this industry ; but there i& no doubt
whatever that, as they acquire experience and insight, the
culture of the vmc and the manufacture of its produce will
form another element in the prosperity of the country. The
medicinal value of the Australian liquor made from grapeS
reared on t h- ironstone is a Iready appreciated. But the nu-
merous processes necessary to perfect production and trust-
worthy keeping property are still far from being thoroughly
understood.

A New Tea-Growing Ccuntry.

Another tea-producing district is the latest
novelty in the tea trade. Lately it was tea from
Fiji., now it is the growth of Perak, situate in
the Straits Settlements of the East Indies, where
British-capital/and ; enterprise seem to have been
employed with, beneficial results. We learn that
the first consignment to the London market has
just: tak^n. place. It consisted of an invoice of
seventy-eigjit half-chests from the Perak Estate.
Where The tea has evidently been grown, culti-
vated,'lan skill arid experience in the industry. By expert
valuers in The Lane the quality of this experi-
mental1 shipmeht' is favourably spoken of, and on
its being offered in public sale it found ready
buyers.at full ratesnamely, broken Pekoe at Is.
Ojd., Pekoe at ll^d., Pekoe Souchong at 9£d..
Souchong (a single package) at the same price,
and nlusfc at 6fd., per lb.

LITERATURE IN INDIA.

The publication of literary work goes on with remarkable
rapidity in t he Punjab. From a report containing ibe number
of books published there during the quarter ending the 30th
of July, it appears that 2] Works were published in English,
30 in Arabic, 62 iu Hinuu, 209 in Pnnjabi, one in Pashtp, 29
in Persian, 217 in Urdu, nine in Sanskrit. 29 in Sindhi, five
in English and Urdu, five in Arabic-Punjabi, two in Arabic-
Persian, and a host of others in Persian-Urdu, Sanskrit, Hindu
and Arabic-Persian U du. A vast majority are law perioaioals.
Most of the English publications treat of legal and-military
subjects, and are by Engli-h authors. Only nine works are by
Indians, four by Bengalis, tour by Punjabis, and one by a
Central Indian. Among the publications by Punjabis are a
brief report of the Mahometan Educational Conference, A.
Word with the Non-Believers, and a treatise on physical
geography. The Arabic works are mostly of a religions nature
while a few are designed for educational purposes- The Hindu
and Punjabi publications niv also mostly religious, and there
is no lack of controvers.al matter, work for and against,
idoiatrv, Shradb, early marriage, and so on, Prose does
not seem to be in much favour amongst the vernacular wri-
ters, lor the majority of their works ate inverse.

Rice Exports from Japan.

CHINA IS MOVING IN MINING.

Tho export Of rice'in Japan has been increasing year by
year, apd.is now one ef the staple exports of the country.
Last year 170,000 tons were exported up to August 31st,
which was an increase of over 84,000 tons as compared with

A DESPATCH to the Butte Inter Mountain dated
Chicago, February 14, states that ou that day an important
conference was held in the latter city between two Chinese
dignitaries and the representatives of the mining machinery
firm of Messrs. Fraser and Chalmers. The result was that


May 31, 1890]

THE MADAGASCAR NEWS

negotiations were formally entered into for the erection of
a 300 stamp mill in the mountains of China. The magni-
3 tilde of the deal, the information goes on to say, may be
'^Understood when it is stated that the mill, when set up
complete, will cost nearly: $4,000,000, this including trans-
portation, erection, skilled labour, &a.

&

A MENACE TO MADAGASCAR
MERCHANTS.

- if : 0 ?"

-o TIIK .TRADE QF MAURITIUS.

A visitor to the Mauritius writes that the trade, such as
"how exists, is gradually drifting into Arabthat is, Indian
;'',!hands. The Mauritians have.,put all their eggs into one,
basket, and that not a very sound one- Everything haS'been
sacrificed to the sugar cane. Coffee and spices, tobacco,
cotton, cocoa, manioc, indigo, all of which were introduced
by Labonr.donnais, and all of which should thrive in that
marvellous climate, have virtually disappeared. The export
;: of sugar in 1887 was to the value of, 23,129.949r., the ex-
,, port of vanilla 236,583r., the export of aloe fibre 446,l7i6r.
These mre the only product^, and for everything else Maur-
itius depends upon outside supplies.

ALL THAT GLITTERS IS NOT GOLD,

. J ' Nor is

'f , , .1 _ ;> *.

, j . GOLD-MINING ALL PROFIT.

^ GOLD-MINING IN AUSTRALIA. ,

; ' , I

The one remarkable fact cbnnected with gold-mi.ningi in
, Australia at the present time is that though it is prosecuted
.Energetically year by year, it cannot, on paper, be proved
,to be payable. For along time past every ounce ol gold
Ijas cost more than its value to obtain, as may be shown
clpaidy on setting the amount paid in minerswages alone
against the total sum realised from the gold obtained.' For
instance, in 1818 the number of miners employed was 25,
142, earning on an average £97 8s. per man, or £2,323,120
altogether. Yet the value of the 625,026 oz. of gold obtai-
ned, at £3 17s. per ounce, was but £2,406,310, so that
after allowing for the cost of machinery, expenses of mana-
gement a,nd interest charges, it will be s 'en that, so far
fyQm .there having been any profit, there most have been
ap actual loss ou the years Work. Yet the .year, as com-
pared with others during the last decade, was not very
singular. At no time during that period could it have been
said that, comparing results with dntlay, the industry was
remunerative. Yet the Colony has benefited, though
shareholders as a whole may 'have lost. It has not b ?en
impoverished by.the large amount annually expended in the
search, for gold, and it has had some share of the addi-
tional prosperity which* the finding of gold has brought,
upon; thp world. Paradoxical 'as it may seem, ; therefore, it
is a fact that a losing game to investors may be a paying
game to the Colony! ,

A WEIGHTY CURRENCY !

i. V.

veh Worse than, cut Money.

THE LOW PRICES OF AMERICAN PRODUCE.

A striking illustration of the lowness of prices
of agricultural prQducein America has been fur-
nished, by a western correspondent of an agri-
cultural paper. It now takes, a load, of pota-

toes, he says to buy a pair of boots. A big fast
ste^r buys a. very plain suit* of clothes foy pydry-
day wear, and ittakes a good-cow-to buy an over-
coat of the.same grade. A load of corn (taraike)
supplies cap and mittens, and a load of oats
might furnish asuit of underclothing, f3$jabout
as cheaply as a farmer can dress as he,starts for
town he will carry on his person the cash- value
ofa big steer, a good cow, and SO bushels or
more of corn, oats, and potatoes. This is what
protection does fpr the, American farmer. Prices
may he low in England; but the cash value of
the it* ms named above Would, at any rate,
clothe a farmer and a small family for a year

. 1 *,., t. x *i\'.

, jV.. . ' t-

. . . .v ,i-.i

A LITTLE KNOWLEDGE IS DANGEROUS, >-

. .An UiD- £ UK.'-

" . Bllg-; j4l .

SHE* KNEW TOO MUCH!

: . . i, , '

As the air is full of rumours of fresh.discoveries of diamond
mines our old friend Mosesin Truth, appropriately gives
an anecdote to show how a- good Ald-fksHioned rrisli'' was
manufactured in the e^rlyi ; story An elderly lady rcsidyig op a Jprm in the ivicinity
cf Kimberly, fired with ambition by the rumours ,of all sorts
of discoveries around her, invited aJ party of prospectors to
fossick for diamonds on her property, as she was convinced
it was dd&mondiferous., The invitation as accepted. Thefos-
sickers* arrived. They prodded and prospected the whole
live-long day without, receiving or,, pitting any attention.
Towards evefting however the anxiidus lady hobbled over to
the scene of their labours to enquire iutd the success of their
operations. Five, pld lady/ enthusiastically brok'e out' the
spokesman of the party. We have found five little gems.
Five. sue answered, with calm deliberation,look again, there
should be eight;

COMMENTS ON

. I ,1' ;;i md

COMMERCE. >

r. .
The total of British ships registered last year
was a million and twenty eight' thousand tabs:
whicn is an increase of two hundred1 and Sixty
ifive thousand tons over the amount for"1888.
Twenty million sterling (one hundred millions of
dollars) were spent last year in ship1 building* 92*
per cent were built of steel, andonly 8 per c^nt
of iron. Seven years ago th proportion .was al-
most exactly reversed, 8 5 per cent beipg built of.
iron, and only 15 per cent of steel. The average
cost is about 20£ (100$) a ton, all fittings, >
machinery, &c, included.; ( > ^o'u/1 'i ;:

Ten Years Import and Kxpo&t Trade in
the United Kingdom,-.

The following figures show the value ;Of'the
total imports- and exports of f the United King* -
dom during the past ten years.


8

THE MADAGASCAR NEWS

May 31.189Q

Imports. Exports.
£ £
1880 223,060,416
1881 397,022,489 234,022,678
1882 413,019,608 241,467,162
1883 426,891,579 239,779,473
1884 390,018,569 233,025,242
1885 213,044,500
1886 849,863,472 212,432.754
1887 .......362,227,564 221,414,186
1888 387,635,743 233,842,607
1889 427,210,889 248,091,959

that the figures for last year are higher than
have hitherto been reached, the nearest approach
to them being in 1882 and 1883, or at just about
the time when the great shipping boom had
reached its climax.

German Enter prise

Company-promoting in Germany has been
lately as extensive as in Great Britain. In
1889 there were formed 360 companies, with a
total capital of 402,544,000 marks, against 184,
with 193,680,000 marks, in 1883. The record
is 478 companies, with 1,016 milliou marks
ac.pital, formed since 1872.

The Foreign Trade op France

FOR THE LAST TWELVE YEARS.

An interesting report on the trade of France
for the last twelve years, prepared by Mr. Crowe,
has been issnod from the Foreign Office, of
which the following is the most important por-
tion. He saysAs the time approaches whin
France must decide whether she intends to renew
or abolish commercial treaties, statistics of
trade recently published are scanned with in-
creasing interest by business men, and attention
has been called to a serious contraction now
observable in the export business of the country.
The returns which the French Government have
lately been publishing include the imports and
exports of the last twelve years, beginning with
1877 and ending with 1888.

The figures, distributed into imports and ex-
ports, give the following results :

Imports. Exports

Years £ £

1884.........173,740,000 129,300,000

1886.........168,320,000 129,952,000

1888.........164,000,0o0 129,868,000

The weight of imports began to shrink in 1885,
continued to shrink till 1886, and only partially
recovered in 1888. The value diminished be-
tween 1884 and 1888 in regular progression.

The Wine Production op Europe.

The Moniteur Vinicole furnishes a table show-
ing the quautity of wine made in the principal
countries of Europe. France is now very little

ahe ad of Spain and Italy.

Country. Average production from 1888 to 1889.
France 660,000,000
Italy 648,000,000
Spain 629,000,000
Austria-Hungary ... 202,000,000
Germany 67,500,000
Portugal 67,500,000
Russia 67,000,000
Turkey (in Europe) and Cyprus 56,250,000
Servia 45,900,000
Greece 33,750,000
Roumania 33,750,000

EXPERIENCES OF A DETECTIVE

BY JAMES MGOVAN,

Author of Brought to Bay, Hunted Down,*
Strange Clues, and Traced and

Tracked.

A DUPLICATE DOOR-KEY.

TN going home one night in August I was beckon-
ed from the other side of the street by a Town
Councillor, whom I just knew by sight as the owner
of a large drapery shop. He was above 50, a bache-
lor, and well known as a kind master and a large-
souled citizen. I may call him Lindsay, but I would
much rather set down his real name. The windows
of the shop were all shuttered, and all the shopmen
and girls seemed to have gone but one man, whom
we found inside as I stepped in by the half door, and
whom Mr. Lindsay briefly noticed as his chief walker,
John Davis. The walker, who might easily have been
mistaken for the master, looked at me keenly in the
dim light, and evidently knew me perfectly.

You might wait for a little, said his master, as
he led rm through to the back, till I speak to Mr.
ahto this gentleman.

The walker nodded pleasantly, and sat down on
one of the counter chairs, and leisurely began to put
on his gloves. I followed the master to the back,
and took a chair while he said to me with sudden
agitation

You know something of me, Mr. MGovan, and
you must know that Im not a cruel ora harsh man?

Oh, yes ; everybody knows that, I promptly as-
sured him.

Well, Im being robbed steadily and remorselessly
by someone in my place here, and I have hesitated
and delayed till I can do so no longer. I can truly
say that I do not want to give any of these young
oik into the hands of the police, but I am helplesa.


May 31, 1890

THE MADAGASCAR NEWS

9

I cant find out who is robbing me or how it is done,

. but I know that it is going on ; and when 1 saw you
passing just now I thought I couldnt do better than
to hand over the job to you. I havent said anything
about it even to Davis there, for it would seem like a
reflection on him, and I know him to be just as watch-
ful of my interests as if they were his own. He
has detected two pilferers himself in the most in-
genious manner possible, so it is clear that the thie-
ves must be deep ones to get ahead of him.

Who were the pilferers ?

Oh, just shop girls who were stealing lace and
velvet and gloves right and left, but 1 put them away,
not wishing to be hard on them or send them to pris-
on ; but the real drain on my stock still goes on. I
might as well shut up the place for all the profit 1
am getting out of it, though the turnover would make
you think Im making a fortune.

Any relations or companions of the pilferers left in
the shop ?

Not one ; I made a clean sweep of them all, and
havent a person in the shop whose honesty can be
doubted for a moment.

Humph theyre all honest till theyre found out
I laughingly remarked. Well, if theyre all so good,
how are you robbed ? Who keeps the keys ?

John Davis. Of course he is above suspicion, for
the very good reason that he may be a partner bye
and by f- and I am quite certain that no one can get
near the keys while he has them. I have spoken to
him about that, and I feel sure that he takes good
care of them. No, I am convinced that the things
must'be removed by day, and it must be done nearly
every day.

By one of your honest, hands, eh ?

I dont know. 1 leave that to you to find out.
The only plan would be for you to watch them in
some waysee if they bulge a good deal when going
to dinner; thats how the last pilferers were detected.
Mr. Lindsays ideas of detecting crime were evid-
ently about as primitive as the plan of catching a
bird by dropping a little salt on its tail.

Have you not watched for that already ?

Indeed, I have.

Aud seen no bulging ?

None. Of course in some of the girls it would be
hard to tell, for what with crinolines and chignons
and what, they are all bulge together ; but still I
think I would have detected it.

Then if you failed it would be a mere waste of
time for me to try the same plan. I think I could
suggest a better plan than that. You must engage
a new assistanta young fellow in the police force
who was in the drapery line, as I Was myself, before
he joined the force. YVill that do ?

Capital 1 Man, youre a perfect genius !

Tuts dont call me that till Im dead ; and then
you can send round the hat to build me a grand
tombstone, and say what a splendid fellow I was, and
how sorry you are you didnt treat me better while
you had me Thats the orthodox course.

He gave me a dig in the ribs, and laughingly led

the way out, evidently much relieved at having con-
fided his trouble to another. The walker was still
seated in the shop, and he rose to leave as we passed
out. He carefully locked and tried the door, put the
key into his pocket and bade us good night. He was
a handsome man, with a fine presence, and still a
little under forty. He made no remark as to my
presence or my visit, and seemed to expect that
something would be said. Mr. Lindsay, however,
never opened his moujh except to tell Davis to take
good care of the keys so he had to go away unsatis-
fied. The next day the new assistant called and
introduced himself to Mr. Lindsay, and was by him
introduced in turn to the walker and shopmen. He
was in the shop for more than a week, during which
he had a turn at nearly every department, and the
result was that it became pretty evident that not one
of the hands was pilfering by day. All the state-
ments of Mr. Lindsay pointed to robberies on a whole-
lesale scale, so I was forced back to the idea of the
place being entered by night. There was no back
door at all to the place, though two windows did look
into a back green, but these were always fastened,
and one of them could not be opened by the united
strength of two men. There was also but one front
doorthat which 1 had seen locked by the walker
and it was on that door that my interest was now
concentrated. It chanced that there was an ordinary
street lamp r.ot far from the shop door, and some
houses nearly opposite, so I had no difficulty in secur-
ing a room from which 1 could watch the door the
whole night through without myself being seen. I
set MSweeny to watch the back windows, not, as
he suggested, because there waB no shelter there, but
because I did not expect anyone to appear in that
direction. These arrangements were made known to
Mr. Lindsay, but so far as I knew to no one else.
The assistant, however, who had served the week
in the simp, assured me that he felt certain that the
walker knew perfectly well what he was there for,
so it is probable that Davis had overheard part of our
conversation the first time I had been called in. The
first night passed without any incident but MSweeny
getting soaked to the skin with rain. He also said
that a flash of lightning came near enough almost to
finish him, but I suspect it had been only a glimpse
of his own whiskers. The second night was clear
and fine, and though MSweeny had come provided
with enough waterproofs to have shielded an army,
they were not needed. Our watch, indeed, lasted
but two hours.

The place closed at seven oclock, and it was
a little after nine when a respectablydressed
young fellow boldly walked up to the door,
calmly inserted a key, turned it in the lock and pass-
ed inside, leaving the key in the lock and the door
itself slightly ajar. I dont know whether I tumbl-
ed or scrambled down to the street, but I feel certain
the distance could not be done in less time by any-
one. I had just reached the door, and was giving out
a whistle signal to MSweeny, when the young man
appeared before me, bearing under his arm a parcel


10

THE MADAGASCAR NEWS

[May 31, 1890

done up in brown paper. He was taking no notice
of me, but quietly turning to relock the door, when I
laid a hand on his shoulder, and kept it there firmly.

What are you doing here ? 1 sharply demanded.
And whats that youve got under your arm ?

Thats none of your business, he coolly returned
with some asperity. You be off, or Ill get the
police to you.

That wont be difficult, for we belong to the
police, I remarked, as MSweeny breathlessly ap-
peared.

Begorra, we do, added MSweeny, with a sneeze
hat almost blew the prisoner into the Firth of Forth.
Im the great MSweeny, and this is my assistant,
MGovan.

Oh, in that case its all right, said the young
man, relaxing a little ; I work here, and am just
taking away a parcel which the manager forgot.

There is no manager, I quickly returned. You
had better say no more.

I mean Mr. Davis, the head walker ; we all con-
sider him the manager, he calmly continued. Its
he who engages us and pays us ; indeed, they say he
has a share in the business.

Oh, indeed ; and he sent you for that parcel, did
he?

Yes, he told me to come to his house as soon as
I had gone home and got supper, as he had a message
for me which he didnt like to trust to a boy. Ive
just come from him now. He gave me the key, and
told me where I was to get this parcel and where I
was to take it to.

Ah, you were to deliver it, then ?

Yes, I think its a present, but he didnt say so.
Im to deliver it to Miss Mackenzie, 9, llankeillor-
strect.

*Let me see the address.

I havent it. He didnt write it down.

Let me see the key.

He placed the key in my hand, and I examined it
closely, he watching me with growing interest and
concern all the while. The key had been altered,
and the freshly-filed parts were qnite apparent to
the eye. I looked up in the young-mansface and
saw that it was slowly crimsoning.

Do you notice anything abou; this key ? I drily
inquired.

Yes, it seems to have been filed lately, but I have
taothing to do with that. Itt just as I got it.

He was getting agitated, and appeared angry at
his own confusion. You might take me to your
managers house, I suggested at last. It may be
all right, but its as well to make sure.

Certainly ; I was just going to propose that. Mr.
Davis will soon convince you that Im no thief ; and
Mr. Lindsay would trust the whole shop to me.

He appeared to recover somewhat as we moved
away, and got quite chatty. He gave me his name
as Philip Smart, and told me he had been seven years
in Mr. Lindsays employ, and was to be married
soon. I wondered if the parcel under his arm was
part of] his providing, but did not say bo, and

very large wink from MSweeny gave me to under-
stand that the same thought had occurred to him.
Acquisitiveness seems to develop abnormally in folks
about to be married, and the only thing which made
me doubt it in this case was the mans manner
There is a confusion of guilt, and there is also a con-
fusion of innocence. Heseemed more surprised and
concerned than guilty, and went towards the mana-
gers house with quite an elastic step. This elation
in his manner made me hesitate whether to go fur-
ther with him, for there is always a danger of the
shop being entered during our absence. As the street
was only five minutes walk from the shop I conclu-
ded to go on.

Davis lived in a genteel flat ; and the door was
opened by-asmart servant lass, who promptly told
us that her master was in, and showed usynto a cosy
parlour in which Davis was seated reading.

(To be continued.)

TITTLE-TATTLE ABOUT TENNIS.

It does not follow that a fellow is thirsty because

he is watching for a Jrop on the ground.

*

# # s

Nor are we to infer when he goes in for volleying
that he is a big gun.

*

*

Forty to love is a frequent masculine wail on a
tennis court, but such a leviathan flirtation is never
imposed on the presumably conceited creature.

THE FEES A PH F(FEE) SICIAN.

Sir William Gull has lately died, leaving a for tune
of' £344,000 ($1,720,000)

* #

THINK OVER THIS LADIES

and

Pity the poor Selkworm.

The Quantity of Silk in a Dress.

To produce sufficient silk [to make a dress re-
quires more time and capital than most people
would imagne. If we take l^lb. as the weight
of pure silk required, this would require the
entire silk obtained from 7,000 to 8,000 worms,
allowing a percentage for death by by disease and
other casualties. It may be interesting to state
that these young worms when newly hatched
would scarcely weigh £ oz., >etin the course of
their life, which only lasts from 30 to days,
they will consume 300 lb. to 400 b. of leaves and in-
crease in weight about 9,000 times. Consumers of
silk will not wonder at its high value when they
consider that to raise two pounds of raw silk so
much time and money is required. Besides the origi-
nal cost of the eggs [or young worms, they require
feeding at regular intervals daily with mulberry
leaves, and consume the above weight of leaves dur-
ing their life.

x t

We hope in our next and future issues to include
the market reports of this town, and Tamatave.


May 31, 1890] THE MADAGASCAR NEWS 11

Merchants & Commission Agents,

Antananarivo.

THIE

MADAGASCAR MABT

&

ETTIE^OlPIEAaN

WALLPAPER.

WINDOW CLASS PUTTY
GREEN DAMASK
BROWN KHATSI DRILL SERGES

WHITE MANCHESTER SHIRTINGS,

WARRANTED

ABSOLUTELY PURE FINISH

THE

./v. ONLY REALLY SUITABLE COTTON

FOR

FAMILY USE,

WHITE SUGAR OF EXCEPTIONAL EXCELLENCE OOLLISONS

CAPE PONTACUNRIVALLED

AS A

MEDICINAL TONIC

WHITE BLANKETS BROWN RUGS.

BOOTS & SHOES

S FOR THE

LADIES, LADS, LASSIES, & LITTLE TOTS.

> , FANCY PRINTSFLANNELEITE SHIRTS,

& j

OXFORD SHIRTINGS SUITABLE FOR SERVANTS. *

ONE WFLL-MADE SIDE SADDLE,

c- TINNED PROVISIONS, &c. &c.

7 r\'

ALSO AMONGST OTHER GOODS

ON THE ROAD

AUSTALIAN, FINE SILKY DRESSED FLOUR.

REPEATING RIFLE,

MEDICINES FOR MINERS,

AMONGST WHICH THE

W OLRDM-F A ED LIVINGSTONE SRUOERS,

THE ONLY

LIEARBLE FEVER SPECIFIC.


12

THE MADAGASCAR NEWS

May, 31, 1890]

THE NE

<5 t | ;J

r'' h

ORIENTAL BANK CORPORATION, Limited.

c v rvi .'.j" o , A -d a

Authorised Capiat......... £2,000,000

Subscribed & Paid' up.*.... £ 500,000

Si1 O \ :

; v; . > HEAD OFFICE

u ! (

, LONDON: 40 THREADNEEDLE STREET, E. C.

DIRECTORS:

i r

Christian Allhusen Esq.

T W. W. Cargill Esq.

. 4 'C-

Lionel R. C. Boyle Esq. ,

< ! 1-, /. . * ' i

Major General Henry Belyi lle, C. B.

j. i , *T *1, t> t. -

A. t]T. Macdonald Esq.

*. V -.V '!V . -r .1 .

Sir Benjamin C. C. Pine, K. C. M. G.

- -v, jnh. * \ -X~\. ' : i . V

Grant Heatly Tod-Heatly Esq.

Managing Directors. f

W. W. Cargill and Andrew John Macdonald,

, > > Inspector. : iv;

Robert Turner Rohde

Assistant Managers.

John Strurrock Scrymgeour and W. Davidson,

'i i-M V; rj. v; Secretary ,(

John Patterson* , r ; ^

THE ANTANANARIVO AGENCY.

' ; V -.3 . i

T>ECEIVfES money on deposit, buys and sells
\r:-vi Bills of Exchange, issue Letters of Credit)
.and Circular Notes, forwards Bills for Collection, and
transacts Banking and Agency business generally.
^~JURRENT Accounts opened and Cheque Books
supplied free of commission.

W]^ RAFTS issued on London, Paris, New York,
Tamatave. Mauritius, Reunion, and the
Banks Eastern Branches at Current rates.
ADVANCES1 made against approved Baking
Securities.

TpULL particulars of Rates etc., on application to
the Ag ents.

PORTER, AITKEN & Co,

Antananarivo.

Capital................Fr. 50,000,000.

Souscrit et verse..*...Fr. 12,500,000. "i j

-. -3 \ a

. H ^ r a -

LONDRES : 40THREADNEEDLE STREET, E. 0.,

ADMINISTRATEURS :

Christian Allhusen Esq.

W. W. Cargill Esq.

Major Gen. Henry Belville, C. B.
Lionel R. C. Boyle Esq.

j. i .. , :

A.J. Macdonald .I^q.

Sib Benjamin C. C. Pine, K. C. M. G.
Grant Heatly Tod Heatly Esq. '
Directeurs en Chef} > 4 \-'Ji j t
W. W. Caroill et A. J. Macdonald
Robert Turner Roiide.

Secretaire :

John Patterson

IT

AGENCE A TANANARIVE. j

T AGENCE reyoit des depots dargent ; achete et
vend des lettres de change, enVoie les elfets a
Pencaissement et fait gcneralement tontes les affaireB
de Banque. '1

JjAGENCE ouyre. des comptes courantset fournit
des carnets de cheques.

ES avances seront faiteS coutre des guaranties
opprouvees par la Banque.

AGENCE fournit des traites sur Londres, Paris,
New York, Tamatave, Maurice Reunion et
sur des surcursales auxtaux courant.

PORTER AITKEN & Co.

Tananarive.

EDITED, PRINTED, & PUBLISHED BY E. UNDERWOOD HARVEY, Audohalo, ANTANANARIVO,for tbe Proprietors.


Full Text

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Thefollowin gtelegramsareto by" t he s teamer,L ondon, 26April-EminPacha, b y 600carriers; .5 G Sl'man ,.oflic ,e rS 'El:n{I a 'g rea 't;." nu inhe r ofNubinn.soldiors, h as 1 eft f or",th.eihterioni ':: t ; ':": !l :2 9 Ap rilc-SevenA narchistleadershavebeena r r ested inParis, adiscovery, ofasecretprintingo ffice paIll:phl ,etshaE}.f9! 1 9wJold .b 30A pril-15 Anarchists h ae Be en :' arreste d i nLyons,explosive s intheirh ouses. MajorWissman,w ifb a largenumber of troops; h as left B ilgamaY9 to takE;', possession,ofKilwa.H. M S.ret;irf.tliM", toKilwatoprotectBritish illtere!'ts. s '" Paris 30AI ril-e--Louiae Mi 6 h A fand many' other an archists ha vebeen ,,_ .,' London,1 Mlly-TbeQI18'fm' t :ha s to WinfhlOr.'rhe' D ecease 1 Wife'A Sister,Marria0'6 '''-.J -:-e .Billhas pa ssed r -elld'lllg ; i ri .t ile-:: ofCommons. JS' e ws h as arrivedth. rt a revolution 'hasbrokenou t in Paragl{aj"' it:"-,b e en .suppressed. Thetelegraphlin ea are cutandwehavenotanv I f urthm ; ,news'l'i s i,h'g .." :.., Delagoa Ba y, IMay-M.Granier,. ..8 man,hasell teredthe riveF Uimpoii o, in.' I,t lle-gtl:'dboatMAC-MAHOIt. London,2MayW i}rkmen' s demon s trationsinfavourofthe8hoursmovementtookplaceyesterdayoverall ,Europe. ,\ Grelltini litary precautionsweretaken in aJ;!s. Berlin,andVienna,butall p assed o ffvery however,ri otous tOt<:*,, p h lce inParis,the cavalrycharged,8 0 'p eel'l ,e''': numberofa rrestshuvebeenmade. ', 3Ma y-'rhe O ointnitteefor theReliefofEmin . ..:? Hall-inth epresenceof -the P l'ince and Princes ofWales,the. Dukeof a ofth e nohil. it.y. The askedthe Rewhstag fora cr 8c!It;. of. 4 ,t100Uron forthe'expedition l of-"' MajorPortbgal"j}i is agreed to arbitration) Onth e : !llilagbaBiil yR ,lilwll,v qu e stion, 'r I I Tin:r1T:;--:-;1:t',,'-;, 5 M ay-The British E astAfrica (rJompany .I p roclaimed t hee mancipationo f ,' sluves :withinitst er ritory, w ithout in demllit y t o owners. ;,.,'1,..' 6 May--:..!?\1r. Stanleya ndhis co mpanions t yesterdaya tmonst ,Elr' Lre'
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2THE i\-f-A DAGASCA R N S )fAV 31, i890]\, .. ,-S' ": special gold medal to andbronzemedals: oanf1s discoursedfairlygood music;A?d the.nume to hiscompanions., \ rous we 're IDth,elr gold,'Ma -A gnat firehastakenplaceataembroidereduniforms.TheprocesslOnrea'chedthe lunatic Yas.lum' near .M ontreal,. 1 300lunatics at apout o'clock;wheretheusualpresenta-7. b 'ill '.1 t'--t'hi:'tirne' itisbelieved to.He,r took place;Sakalavachiefs were In teUl 109 a.J1"cltheirWIvesandtheirhostages' also forme'd ..:partof-the that 100have Staneyarrtvecortege.Therejoicings'wereprolongedfarinto the' in'' Windsoryesterday.,lIe was atthe n'igfit;and even' continuedonthe day. ,"'stationby' theMayorandwas to PrinceRamahatraandhiscolleagueshavebeen'Castlein'theRoyalcarriage'; he'dmed' with' iriundate(J offering -' congratulations to Her Majesty.,andslept' .atthe, Castle.themupon .. theirreturn.. .. (Communicated) ',8 occup!edl{",ihyR,t t . -v, .' "withoutmeeting' wIth oppOSItIon, thenativeshavingI ,OnTuesdaylast, r !Ps t, .. a evacuatedtheplaceafterthebombardment, TION was accorded toPrinceRamehatra,lfivtra.9 asylum, ..... a P??r-and.,h!s, their their house,nearNorwich,New 'Y.or-k, h t:,beenideatroyed.80lary' dIS-,byfire;Thirteenpeoplehuve __ H.E.,the expressedto10May,-A hns star:edLtama!lntra) JIgh, appreciationofHertooccupyGuzaland,withtheobjectof the "'.luch had attendedhisthetreatymadewithPortugal, RO as !IT!d patriutieeffortsofthetroopstherighttoapl'otectorate,-Anexchange. of P!'ISwithhim..A Iesatwas -enjoyed oners has takenplacebetweenFranceandthetheReceptionandfestivitieslastedfromnoontIllKingofDahomey. eve. The triumphant trdopsintheirmarchthro-, :tt I1gh t?!3 tOWIl ,a,n imposing spectacle:but M.Bompard,the to altho,u,gh enroute Mars'seemed this cityonthe20th.mst; ofthegafhertoMojangatomeettbe arrlvfllof hIS ,,:,tfe frommg X enps, as18rlg.lt In the' tune ofPeace,regairi-Europe,M. basvisitedon .. hIS :returnen?e::supremaqy, had. to backrouteallthe P!incl'pal portsofthe Hil;.md IIIhIS filanz!,ma,( us,tastily An unusually oordial reception m l ,adles rod? ) Bompard'sarrivalwasaccordedIto aR IthegloRIll1ng.recalled'Tellnysons '.hne,8, : .it passed through town.tothe Residency. "Ml,lT}:y a' nIght1 saw uhe PlelRds;, rrsmgthro-, MadameBompt!-rd.IS becommg I1gh the, .'fornot onlydoes'Nshe p 1':-"7 oftilewoods on exhibition.Thesewoodsarepracti-dThtan {Sle8l181'8 00 H'( e . a n smImg ISt's'kI. : egave flil newtotlns COII.11try. Oneof tb.,em,.k ownby we'llAcompany0,a a ova 8pe,uill n .' f !l.'I-I k'1 .,11' 1tthc rteg' eTwo milit
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THE J 1AD AGA SC A R NEWS3 appearance, huti s m uch h eavier andcloserinth eto t eacha ll t h e otomics"and"ologies"to thosew ho, deposittot hephosphat e o f f ro m t heir n a t ur al capabilities, are, and m ustco ri tiuue' teak.T his wo od i sa lmostt obe h ewerso f woo d a nddrawers' o fwater." u ni ,,: erFiai lli \: Elfn l51k yecl, oiu''' Madagn.!3( al' forbuil di ng li o ni f' thepo p ul a r craze. T hematteriso ne'o f the: purposes .". 'l'U e v ot h e r : pri n ci pal w o ods-uan t k a nd fi, ;s t impor tanc e a ndit wo uldbewellt oconsider,"hazovo la-eresernble o ur mahogA ny, hilt a r e m ueh su pe fir st, h o w theres u l tw illaddtot henational pros ... ri o v ih : "a r id, : Tb e c m : go alsocou-p ur it y ,i ndi vidually an dco ll ectivelyj a nd,se con dly, ' a1' v e rY .' :fil i8 '" M r ,F :W . i whether i ts e ffectwil lbeto m ake the' rising;,genera-'!v altiewo 'qd s, a ,11o f wh i6h tionw iser,better.iandhappierthantheir fathers? ' ,'!,p:()lish' for I. a nd 'h e 'Toanswerthesequestions of beneath ,' i hefo i& s t" pr opertiesof thecou rse,invo lvemoretime .andspace than we could {c omt> a ny ' grellt 'mineral" w e a l t h' was b e li ev ed t o b e spare f ort he p u rpose. vVe can,therefore,only i ndiJ'l1 T p e adjournedtot h ec u te af ew oft he s a lient p ointswhich'besr'upon p t li e. th o : c argo s ubject as who le. ,L', '. it." . . ,\':".; ... ;':c',,,(,.; '. :j:t .,' '..'I t must.be g e nerally a dmitted, that whetherfrom, TH;E"'MADAGA1SCAB DIRECTORY. some fa ultinth e syst em ,. 01'curriculum, o r wh'ethl3r .l::>. : ;'.::. '', h >., froms om e inh e r e ntweaknesa, i n P O?f humanity,t,Now. I N fHE' R RE S S ;e d u catio n t oofr eqnenrly r esu l ts increatinga distaste' .. ,. .....\---:-not to sayi ncapacity -for manu al la bour'in 1 any to .. announce friendsand. for ma nd drivesi tsun luc kj'POSS8sRorto the co unt er is sueofaD ir ecto ry o f' Mada01' tothede sk, to s cramble f orth e p oor return -w hieh to w ill be $..5 o r .thiskindo fla b our yi elds, un dersome mistake n I idea.+,:a.... o n a ndt h t;rest ofr e s p eot a b ility -e-in o ther w or ds, to bec omean'acI on dell very o .tte Book.",.count-k eep erorse lle rra therthan H, p roduce r, upwardsof250qu a rto pag;. must b e l o o k edup o n as anationalm isfortune ; a nd 'a o fg eneral in to n m tionwho l esal e A h ifti llg o f -th e w ork that c o uld be d one byand thegreatA fricnllI s la nd,w om en t o t h e .' sh oulderso f m en. M ore tha n Allthe, between M adagasc a r au df ore i g nev e n too n ewh o h as th e good'senset o c lioosetaome..' m e chanical ? r( th e: .. ;j a. t? r ou I b y ) u s s oca ll u (l IS th e )!Ir-H,e ,'Ol' .'li?' m. y ear s .Y-fl : o.fliClals, / a nd e very o t h e rinformf org ( )t.Le n,' aA. I t lIas u ridc anhavenothingto do wlt li2 tionof ri,rpublic\ c haracter...., hi R afte rlife ha d n oeo nn e cti o nwith his wor k, v and> .. wil]b e r e c eivedat,therate did not n s :, ist111n:1 toun ders tanditbatter, .suggest .,'" ,.:. ..' i irip h iV e dor 'g i v e itfresh Allcommnrll eatlOns s hnnlclacldres sellc :ince. :' '\.' : . ' )'," ... C ompiler a ild E( lltor ,' If; t hnswe not be understood as in ;'::: ". \ ..:.A llt a nullariVO I W )'w ayl'l:; f lcctwg up on' t h e value o f in.the "" ,. ,' .. ." .' .' .."1.:.,':.,:j:l :,' ,... abst.rac t. E ve r y n llLn,w oman, or ,c hild ,should, be' . Tqeb eena nd s light : : ab le t o w rite, a nd, c y phe r m oreorl ess j 'but !yalterud from a nd. S01lt h n e enn otne cess a rily'b Hveri:ledirithe progressof E' o,,:A .fr.icfl,QJou"nat. of 00n,rII?el'c e a nd I lltercolonial a lish li teratur e, o r a cquainted the" B inomial'). Trade". Allhough writtenforE nglishr en,del's, i t Fo rt hu se 'w hoh ave to g ettheir' would .into (Hh el'bnguage s,aR ma'.luallabourof o be kind orother, th e time devLote a1 ,Deing 'applicable ,to manylluti o 'llalities;-. t o extrit is ,,1.\ ';': ... i :! j ,.":: : ;.. ..', :T 'h e re ni t ruthi s,thateve ryschool ", A ,C OMMERCIAL sc hoo li n acertld?p e llse, and ",.' :. .;,:,""' P0 1 NT': OFv iEW .,.".:.;eiellce s h o uldbethe first,IJl!:>toad ofthe oot;!._ ';,J' "..'. ".: '. "" i nt he curriculum. A ,Tne' Rch bblmaster isnot o nlyabro ad, but, is v13ryCl.lad co uldlearnth euseof to ols ands )wpl qjURt now. 8n m 3 f r e shl rery in aO'ene r a l wayw ould be.af ar more' p rofhaBl e s c" e rn e-,:.r .fl;quggest ,i on is t h e r. u b li c u s e'of l ; iF' Ih anin e xel'cif,ing hi smi nd'"oversu ch f tO ID 't he ,f nddist s aq.df anaiieRa n ypracti':'s ubj ect sa:'iana l:f s is a nd tileli k e beof ??' ". c al. kilOW ll3t! i g e o f the qll !3sti pIl. in it s l I p on cortJ. t o h im.in f uturew ork.T he m,e.c liamerCiar ori 'n': in u fnclnrin glife:'-devot e tlli.:l1r' r li n o t he i r n i cill !a ve rydifferen t InI:U1 Ih s e ne r.g .i e s j "ja hd .' (\vhat.I th e yca ll)' the ir mi p.d s t.ot he rep re senta t ive.E venthey onng o f c d iCle theori e s, t h e c a rryingo ut ofl e a rni ng i r, tb e sh op, a ny preVIouswhichtwould onl y "' r esult il l .u le.iltnl,p hy.sic a l, HI1dt eacninO' wil lb eat a dIsadvantage .compared fi n : 't t!ei 1\:l'qi sas t er to c oncerned. '1P e opl e s l :i al ac c s, the w hobeg inshi s w it ha t ecbnio jtl schools fi nd coll eg es mu s eu ms, are r i si ng o n fo und a.t ion a lre ady l aid ? u pon to n e verysid e ; pvurc d on twiLh a l a vis hLand re spe'ctive ofwhicht h es hop t1.p prentwe IS a s

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4 THE:vTADAGASCARNE\iVS 31, "The latestCapemail intelligence' to. theeffect thatatJohannesburg a wonderful" of 1. 18eightor, ten feet from .the .. wltn e v e ry indicatiouof go!ng down, of greater imporuancetothe gpld b e road !', andthelarge housesare .terestedinit.", 1'.',' "';t'Quicksil ver,hasd ong1 been exportedby' Arabs I romtheWest' Coast of. itisfo und.J Its price in per flask.. 11\ ,,t! ',"".;:,::; '1'f 'I' M 1f Old \1' other Grundyis,verychatty Madagasci-\r just a t pto sent.Sh e-isalways fUllywe llin for-m-d. Invariablyshe knowsmorea boutotherp eople's business than It liey j : do '' t he ms l > j v es.1t fact,as w e h e ard' it' mercilessly sai do f a l adytheother rlay. byanother; : "she l n e V el'op r' ns h"r m outhwithoutputting herfoq 't" init"l, rrbis"by the wa y, us as such an, xtraordinaryfeatby thel ady r eferredto"that' askedwh at size'<::woreI " J Ev e n ,theiuflueutiut uMi.ningo,f-; L ondon, i s te llingusthings. about ourselves w hich is' O ( > WSto us. IThat: organgrayely'; s tat e s, wriL i'ngon Gol d : in,"'rhe political' aao e ndaucy'which: the e njoyinMadagascarWIllnodoubt oe utilised by them forrenderingthis..proclamation' asne ilrlyas possible' an ehcourageme'nt to F-renqb ,\ enterprise ouly.Atal] events they have:tHe:a dvantage of auearly start! ) Tbe whichr e-achParisuponth'ei gold' : min es are ofavery prorilisi rjg 'cllar.actei, theyaresomewhattoovague tg confidence, an d -itmay b esO 'll!e time bPf9re t heworkofexploitilJgt heminesthere scale iscarriedout."' t t .ABfor"thepoliticalasce ndancy which the ar e supp osed bythe"MiningJournal"' "toenj:QY in .M adagllscar" wed emurto i ts e xistence. o f the Treaty b etween Frnnce c.and ,.:M q' da_ g as car provides a gainst that, by t urer elations between thetwoPowersshall d nct ed without.in terfering internal..> tra tion ofthecountry," ,'**>11: 'Then the8upposi ,tion oftho"Mining.J ournal".,t:bat th e inflnence'theFrenchhave here no doubt : be u tilised bythemforrend er.ing this asr n early a Bpos sible a n encourag ement to : en. ',I, ;., ,,'(notjo.havebad habits ofwork fastened on'him o y traditionorcust om, fromwhichthe sci entificallyboy willbe fr ee. Theshopboymaybe practical, 'but theschoolb oy willbeequally "practi cal '," with.the added advantage o fa certain amoun t knowledge. T he s hophoymaybe abletodoall theworkp lunnr-da nddesignedforhim,butthe sch ool boywillbeablenotonlytodothewofk.but-the pl a:nning aswell.All this points to, c ome uponus if th et eachingofSCIencewereoncemadeth e d ominating influ ence in ou t educational sysrem ; and th e e ffect uponourmanufacturingpositioncoul d hardly be overrated. vYhate \ie,r .' the occupa bon of'rheboymayi b c ,hi seducationought toh ave furni shed ,h imwi thresource s tomeet-the strugglesof li fe. H oweve r lowlyhis craft, or ordinary his work, scienc ewillteach him somethir.gwhich,ifrightlyund erstood andapprreiated, will ennoble it.Werepe atthatscienceist 'he great of materialprosperity, and itis ly when It'IS drivenfrom labour thatthelatterbecomes the, toilsomeandwearisomedrudgery ofth eserf. .cyye>?all return tothis subject,andendeavour to h ow far a ndin what formthepr esentsys temof education islike ly toaffectthe generalcharae' ter : of the population,b othindividna lly and as memheraof the commonwealth, in r espect t o their or moralposition-a largeRU bj oct,involvingconsiderations tosomeextentoutside its .,.'(1 : ONTHIS. SUBJECT O FTECHNICAL SCHOOLS THE / 'MiN INGJ OURNAL"S TATES. EW-and Science Scols1Hf'bp ;ngerected. atP enzerioe,atacostofnearly !./O, which it.goodly sum.hasbeenco ntribut edlocally; andthe.maximum of to,wards.thebuilding made bytheScience a nd A rtDepartmerit" andthe thoughtoccurstous tpat ifa similar,thoughlesscostly'step,was i 'J? Antananarivo ,Madagascar,andthe Malaga!3Y wouldvasblybenefit. -.'. "" i".. "*.. : are.several gentlemen, native and Va' zaha,in tHiscity,capableoforganizingand directi n g-such" a movenrenn.One of whom isrecognized,eveninLondon,as anauthorityOnthe,geology. 'of '" t t ; t4e: mineralrpsources of should' mostthoroughinvestigation is.veryaq'visable'jl'hediscovt: lry ofsomemetals aidtheeconomical w brl;tirig'of Of tpis fact "Eastern enablesustocitean For-on theDiscovery at Quicksilver at > J.oha'nnesburg our contemporl"ry writes.. '.! .J I'IW HAT THE WOHLD' Jis sayiHg aboutMADAGASCAR'. "

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r MAD \ GA s csn NE\VS 5JI : I. I f THEP RODUC TION S OF G O L D 'M INES OWN E D BY GREAT.'BRil'.rw' IN .. ,', .J.. '/ ..l B ri t i s h a w n e d' g old m in e s iastyear a bly m ore g o ld t h a nint he t b e i mp ro v e m ent b ei n g m illi o n::;sterlin g .i Th e m ade.inQ ,ueenslalld,in w9 ich ,c:oJ n n Y 1 y earI S t o?:18!PQ 9.. , com wiT b .4 82 ,000in t?e I inm'ease of256,000 oz.,I Se qualto o e r J oBT aki'u g t he yi elcl'at 15s., i mItll Vmnts to,767,000against 1 1 ; 80"/-1,000iiil1888. T b e incir ea se,a c cordingt o mainly cl u et o t h e larger p roducti v !e rr es s a n m in e, w hichi satp resent' o wned. locally, though s to ps ba ve r e centlybeentakento b oard,a n d lo o pe n a n o ffic ,;l t h e refor a f t l'ltil::if e r o .... .From S outh ofgoldd uri ngt.hey ea r i s es t imated ,. at"8. Dout compa,;i n gw i t h a b out year,byf a r g l : eaterproportion' of ,t dtal"o .u't p mhav' iu g b ee ncontribu te db y W i t'w' a t ersrau ct C'district. I ti s reported,however thatt he : p r od u ctioO"of theLyd en O Ul' g di st rict,which .l ba s h i'ther: to i. been: corn : parativo l ysmall, a mou nte d ; l astm onthtoover AR r m TRR 's t el egram Town :that e x po rt o fgo ld fro m t he C upe : c ftm i hg the m onth ofMar c h a mounted invalueto + + ';J + +r .lr / ,\.,'( Yi li; j0(" Ha.vi n g l a t e l ytru t, G en e r a l must. n owbef ullya ware o fthe 'mco rrv e hl e u cea n d d il a torin ess of t h 'e portand w ea r e q u i t e Englisli'Comrnunity, m an w ould h a il co rnmumcut i nn, RS o neo ftheg r eatet Q OOilS: whlCh c ou l db egranted l l)'th efIu vti. : I.. I *'$:At present,"the'march, of t he Malag as y GnandpeopleOil' ,the: p at hof civiliAflti o lla nqpliogress" isa very-l aggard a ffair,hntitw illn o t ,hreak,intothe"donble qu,ick'.' unless iti sseen that aza n as a r e inearnestfor a c o n1l 1 1 : e rcial develop .ment,ofM ad'agas carandwill notuH ePl'()v1' 8SS as Itf6r"acq uiring' "politic alasceudi:i.' ll cy. ';' -,' + + : Th e Hova': isa commerci al rn ce,n n( l the y w ill commercialgevelopmen t.Itis f e a ro f a "political which C aUR e:'l themarchof p rogress to everand afl.on toahalt.I . i rhe 'lfrench Residenthas s ho wn t hat hewishes a m it y witholl eandall. Let himno wcarr yhis g o o d' willalittlefartherandd oa llwithiuhis p ow e r t oterprise 9n1 y" i sa t v ari an ce wi t h t h e attitude o f th e b r in g French,B ritish fi n d m erchant s toa pr e senrR csidenr-Generula ndhi s s taff toward s th e ,unityo f p n q ) o s,e s o t h a t a t ( l e a st the e nt e tprisesofth os e of o thernutiona l i t ,y. v in e ffi cien c y u r pre sent' s, , )f:*'* ; h e b rought proniinentlyb efor e' .. E xceUenpy 1 the : Th1 \ t thjlate Rosident-Gener al wa s v e r y : i r Hn.go n' IP rimeMi u i s te r b y an International C ommitfee r i s t ic ,t os U pr o jeets n otp r o m ote d c .ond ll ct ,ed by . .t . ." . i 's} n ot ori o n sa ndhi s effo rt t o m ake :Thus f ar theG,eO,e r a lWlfY., aid :&In:d, l\ga s c ; LI ) : .!1, French C olony brought,a boutve ry thed evel o pmento fthe .. .. tr.y..]'We br -tw eenthe Fre n ch a ud th e o th e n do n ot h e : ; sectionsof { h e foreigne o m munity-.po rtC om pany, we do to do# ," t o e.fls y, the "ofan The inexp e. l i e n cyofsucha c .o n d it io n o f th ing st i onal torwas however, B o on .. th o Fnreig-n O ffice ,f0r'the consid e ration of the' hest to ofFrance,and earnestd e s ire '>1to I ,rmg hi ndr ancet o t r ad e and the aid,tbe m a r ch of .. G dV O l'llm en tM b e for e t he fav?U;Tn:ble notice o r. p eopleonth eputb, ofc ivil iz uci on an d p ro gress"P rime M in i s t e r.placed, heroa.s R a iden t-Gcne ral a gentle man w ho h astroubl ed w ater s, 'a.ill llv 'e n r es to r ed co rd ia. Iitybetweenthoseinthis co untr j" di ffe rent nationalit.r, t ohisown.' I:olt 'It was adifficultandte diou stas k b utith asbe e nsuccessfully : au l11 0 Wi ti swith e x treme r egret, andeve n p nin t hat w efin d th n t. thePress' ofEurop e-s-fo r .itisnotal one t h e Mi nin g Jour-u'aloutam' >nglottor s, t h e"Stan dard" ,writingilla w ay c alculate d_ t o s tir IIp a gain th e q uenched' firesof political c ontrover s y an dracial di s-cord ,, -!' 1/ " : : \ ,.' '," . I -l :. .#:possesses immensenaturnl mi rtehll and, agricultural wealth hntthro u. r h what w e .r mRV calltheinternecinefeuds o fEuro n ea n s t ill, ":no w it Intent. Civil s t.rif'e i st h e m s t of ,.', ulld'cont e ntion b etwee nOf'thAEuroj)e 'Ur i s trllly a ci v iI war ; f or fr umthe g \'e atAryan'familyall .l!;ur ope1 m3s prun g; # . q;uarrels bctweenF rench" .. Amel'ic:tns,iA c ivil w itI' ,o n a n and ,onthereill in, a fo reig 'n countr,\', a.mongst'f.\. t ,0 whom we related,we shoul;} showa eXtLrq.ple than,the Kilkeillly cats' whofoughtuntilthey eachotherI '

PAGE 6

6.:, THE NEWS [MAY, 31,1890 to AUS'fRALLI4;N VI ,TICULTURE.We are glad to hearthattheGovernment of Victoria isinterestingitselfinthe questionofwineprodnction, and thattheMinistarof Al?ricultnre has Sf'curedtrialplots ofgroundtobe apartIcr t,h.e of ,asc1'rtainingthekindofwine bestSUItedtothe SOlIandclimateofvariousdistricts.Ourcolonistsareatpresentlittle lIl 'ore thanon ,thethresholdof.thepracticalstudy-of,' this illdnsll'y; but' no donbt .,hateVI rthat, HB theyaeqnir expl'rienct' cultureof vineand the : ;rnanufacture ofits produce will form, element 10 ofthe -country. ,Themedicinal of .Austrahan lIqaor imade-from grapes rearedIn" Irc. nsrnn-IS ,alreadyI : apprf.'cia,ted.But the' np merousproc-sses necE'ssary to pf'rff'ct pl'orlnctiou andtrust.. w()rt.hykHeping proppr,ty still from being thoroughiy understootl. 'r :'-" ",:' :'\ l,A:-NEw, TEA-GROWINGCOUNTRY. ,l .f I LITERATUij,E ININDIA."Anothertea-producingdistrictis 'the late8t, _. fThepllhlicatiCt ,n' of Jit"rary work goeson \vithremarkable noveltyintheteatrade.Lately, It wastea ramj'apidity in the PUlljab.From f!report containingihe Fiji., noW lievers," a III1 a tl'eatiBe On physical menfai:lls-bipmentiisI fav6urablyspoken of,andon gpograpby. The Arabic \vorks are n ;ostly ofa religiotls natnre1 1'tS\; beingl. offered in 1puI:Hic saleit fdu ,nilreadywhile> afew areoeRigncc'! for educat.ional purposesThe -IHndu and 'Pnnjnbi ptlblicationR nr,'also most.ly l :elig ,ious, and there buyer8:?8.t ,frill bi'okenPekoeatIs.isnolackof controvcrs ;al matter,workforandagainst, O:fd., Pekoe at11id.,Pekoe'atgill .. idowtn', Shradb,earlymarriage,audsoon, Prose does Souchong (0. single package)atprice: lIot see m tobeiumuch favolll' amo,ngst 1tbeveroacuIarwri-" "'.ad ", lb t ers,lorthe major ity of their wor,Ks"a1 ,)le"r '( and dust: ai o:{;{per' ,000;and as theyieldof the with'I t?,e cansed in small contributions. fro-thoPotchefstroomand'tionforrice,I'hs exporteddurmgthe ha,1f of, ,, ::.1 k "J' d'. 'h d 1 f bo 't40000' last was 2,966,000piculs,valuedat6,573,417 yen. whichI iatriets,resce a tota 1 0 a ou, isincreas.e ofabout3,()()(),000 ascomparedwiththeamountoz.,orsay theexportsofgold fromtherealisedduringthesame period, whichcameup to 3768206 ii'nd Natalthismontharelikely:to be muchtheyen. It isonlyonemillionlessthanthetotal eXPl?rt 'of18B8, withthosefigures 7,421,238yen.. c. ; poor 8,t111 S .. ',--" ' ,' " -from about,000 10 1888to INRUSSIA,. increase 130, Great quantitiesofcotton are now being grownin Centralper:!ceiit., \ """,. , 'r,Asia bytheRussianmerchants, and the Trans-Caspian Line : ...r::--:: II ,1;:_ ':'1;' ; :' .I:,I i',; I \ has almost more work than it can manage, InSouthernBns-_r;,. COA:L' FROM JAPAN. ..I i_n oftheDon, in grow, ;1 109 cotton have been : .. successful,and we may, in a few ; I . " :'"J '\1 I year.s, hearthatRUSSIaISgrowinghorown cotton as, ll:c11 as.THE'Board' '01Traae JournalshowsthatJapan'tea10Europe.i '",,1. h'J , ,, I actively \0' develope her coalI The totaloutputofthe .T I\pancoalmines INEW ZEALi\NDFRUITTRADEENGLAND. : yearwasover2,000,000tons,ofwhichone quar"l ' ,, ter w8s'}yielded'by, : tHe \Governmentmines, For: Inaddition to sending 'l-,s of meat, 150me yearspast Japan hasimportednocoal,butNcw 'Zt 'aland is 'bl'gi1minK to aevEllop a fr ,uit trade the. monhercountr-y. A reer -ntsteam...rfrolll ,:Atlckland,to. London .. hasexportedcoal.la'rgelyto, China: The yield:brought 3,000 cas esof appl.E's;' ,J oflastyear was 35percen,t.largerthanID1888.Theexport' ; of'coal from Ja.pan israpidlyin the a salefrom Ceylon on the :one' side, toSanFranCISCo on the" other. The Japanese,Governmentabolished ex. port, dutieson C98'l ,3,"yeari'tmda half ago"and now' I : can..take;insupplies) atNagasaki under -yery .. .ofthe' ca 'pacitj ofthecoal-fieldIIIthedistrict' ISg'lVenasfollqws; Miiki (poor ;,quality)" 150,000,UOOtons". HtradoandIrnabuku (common) 7Q,090,000 .Dhikusenand (lriedill1m)" 670,QOO,000tons, )rrr 20,000,0?0tons, J ,akasimn: tQ thatof Car,ddI) 2,000,000tons.")\.' ., Thoexport;,of i'ice : inbpen increaliling year byy9!'l-r, ap_rlJis, of ,, the .. staple exports the coun t ry,' 170',000 tons, exP9rteo upto Apgust 31s t" whichwasan increase OforeI' 84,000tonsas compared with mgNA ISMOVINGIN ', r..i A ',DESPATOHtotheButte"llIirter" Mount 'nin'! Ohicago, l!'ebruary 14, fitates thatonthatdayan important' conference was heldinthelattercity, betwc'u two Chinese dignitalies andthere p 'r ps ell tatives oftheminingmachineryfirmof Messrs.Fraserl lnd Ohalmers.Theresult was that

PAGE 7

MAY 31 1890J___, T H E MA D AGASC.AR NEWS 7

PAGE 8

' 8THE MA DAGASCAR NEWS 31,1890 THE WINEPRODUCTIONOF EUROPE TheMon iteur Vinicol efurnishes atable showingtbequantityof winemadeintheprincipal countries of EuropE\. Franceisnowvery'littleahe adofSpsiuandItaly.IEXPERIENCES. OFADETECTIVE'BY JAMI1:S M'GOY.AN,Autborof"BROUGHTTOBAY." "HUNTED'r)O'YN,'"STRANGECLUES,"and "TRACEDAND.Averageproductionfrom 1888tQ 1889. 660,000 ;000 648,000,000 629,000,000 202,000,000 67,500,000 67,500,000 67,000,000 56,250,000 45.900,000 33,750,000 33,750,000 I ....A DUPLJCA.TEt ., IN going' homeonenightinAugustI was" beckon. e dfrom the other.sid eof the streetbya 'fown Couucill or.whom Ijustkn ewby f?ight as theownerof alargedrapery shop.Hewas ubove 50,a, bachelor, and w i -llknown as a kiudmasterand alarge soul ed citiz en. Imay call himLindsay, butIwouldmu chrathersetdown hisrealname.Th e windows oftheshop' were all shn Here 'd,'and all thoshopmen andgirlss e emed tohuvegonebutoneman,whom w e found inside asIsteppedinbythehalf 0001' andwhomMr.Lindsaybri eflynoticed as hischief JohnDavis. Thewalker, whomighteasily havemista.k en forthe :naster,l ookedat mekeenlyin the dimIight,andevidentlykn ew meperfectly."Youmight wa it for a Iiul.,",' saidhismaster, all h e l ed m through tothe hack, "tillIspeaktoMr.ah-tothisg eu tlem.m."Thewalker n odded pleasantly,andsatdownon oneoftheoouuterchairs,audleisnrely began toputo nbisgloves.Ifollowedthemaster &0 the Lack andtook 3. chair. wh i l e he said tome with agitation-"Youknows nmethingofme,Mr.M'Govan andY0U mnstknowthatl'mnotacrueloraharsh m'an?" Oh,y esjeverybodyknowsthat,"Ipromptly as-s ured hilD. "Well, being robbedsteadilyandremorselessly by someoneIIImyplacehere,andIhave hesitatedand delayedtillIcandosonolonger.Icantruly S fl.y tbatIdon ot want togiveanyof 'theseyoungolkintot he hands ofthepolic e, but Iurnhelplesa,Country.FranceLtalySpain.Austria-Hungary Germany Portllgal Russia Turkey(inEurope)andCyprusServia Greece RoumaniaTHEFOREIGN 0)11 FRANCEFORTHELASTTWELVEYEARS.AninterestingrepornouthetradeofFranceforthelasttwelve YE\ars, preparedby Mr. Crowe, .hasbeen'issuedfromtheForeign Offlc, of whichthefollowing isthemostim porta 11tpor tion. Hesays:-Astbetimeapproacheswh r-nFrancemustdecidewhethersheiutendstorem-w or abolishcommercialtreaties,statisticsoftraderecentlypublishedarescanuodwith in creasinginterestbybusinessmen, and\' :. hasbeencalledto a seriouscontractionnowobservableintheexportbusinessofthecountry.ThereturnswhichtheFrenchGovernmenthavrlatelybeenpublishingincludetbe i mportsandexportsofthelasttwelveyears,beginningwithI1877 and endingwith]888. distributedintoimports'and ex thefollowingresults:-IMPORTS. EXPORTS..Years 1884......... 173,740,000 1886 168,320,000 129,952,000 1888 164,000,OvO 129,868,000Theweightofimports began toshrinkin1 885,continuedtoshrinktill1886,andonly partially recoveredin1888.Thevaluediminished between1884and1888inregularprogression..IMPORTS.EXPORTS. : 11880..I .' 411,229,565223,0&0,4/16'".'/ 1881. : 397,022,489 234,022,678 1882 413 ,.019,608 241,467,162 1883 426,891,579 239,779,473. i :1884.. : 390,018,569 233,025,242 .. t. '.1885... \ 870,967,954 213,044,500 1886.. 849,863,472 212.432 ,754 1887.. 362,227,564 .":, : 387,635,743233,842,607 r"" 1889 427,210,889 248,091,959. forimports exports it will beseen, te .. thatthefiguresforlastyeararehigherthan o havehithertobeenreached,thenearestapproachtothembeingin. 1882 and1883,or atjust aboutthetimewhenthegreatshipping "boom" hadreacheditsclimax. GERMAN Company-promotinginGermanyhasbeen' latelyasextensiveasinGreat.Britain.InI 1889 therewereformed 360 companies,withatotal capital of402,544,000 marks,againstIH4, with193,680,000' marks,in1883.Ther r-cordis' 478companies,with],016millioumarks acp5tal, formedsince1872.:

PAGE 9

3 1"1890 .._ ., -. : . .'THE -M NEWS",. : \ 9I ca n't find isrobbing m e orhowitis d one ; t hewayo ut e videntlymuchr elieved at h aving \ but.Lknow. that' i t is .going o n; and w herr Isaw you ti ded h is t rouble t oa nother, T he walker was sti'llpassing' justn owI th oughtIcou ldn'td obetterthan s eat e d inthes hop, a ndh e rose to we passed to h a'TId ov erthejob toyou. Ih av en'tsa idauythin go n toH ec arefully l ockedandtried door,put the a bout i t' even. toD avisthere, fo r itwou ld seem li keakey into h isp ocket a?d b aden sgoo d He. was o n h im,andI know :1im1 0 bejustus watchaha nd some m an, W ith a finepr es ence,and;still a -;')p1y. i nterests as if tb ey were. h is owu ,He littl e u nder forty. I-!a m adeno' 1 r? Y 1;1as detec t edtwo pilf e rers hi mself in themos tinprese nce o rmjV ISit,andse emed tq, that mariner po ssible, so itis.clear l th at'"the th ie' somet bin a w ould be s aid. M r. Lindsay,howevervesfnustbe deep ones toget ahead o fh im." ne ver open ed hi s mouth e xcept'to tell to we re thepilferers ?" g ood c9:re oft hekeys; s o hehadto gC?a\yaY 'u, 9-satis. "Oh,justshopg irls w h o -we re stealing la ce a nd fle d. T hen e xtda y the n ew"assiatanr' call ed and'velvetandg loves r ight a nd l oft,butIp utt hem away, to Mr:hjm notwishingt o b eh ar tl oh them o r se nd t hem topr is'introduced I n t urn t othe' w a lker and sbopmen.He' on-,;hutt her ealdrain .o n .rrsy.stock sti ll goeso n Iwa s intheshopf ormore Which! i mi g htas well s hutu pt hepl acefora ll the profit I heh ad a. t urn at n early ev ery d epart.ment /and the. am g et t ingouto fit ,t houghthet u rnove rr w o u ld ma k eresu lt w asth at.i tbe camep retty ev ident tha 't not' one you:t hinkI'mmaking a '": ofthehandswaspilfering byd ay . Xfr"l ihe Anyrelationsor compani ons o ft hepil ferers l eftinmentsof Mr Lindsay po inted to r (; bberies6"h a .t ),t.. ... .," l e sale sea le, Ba I was fo rced (m'ck: to of t he one;Imade a cl ean sw eep o f t hem a ll, a nd p lace be in g enl,J r oJ b y ni ght. T here wh s ; nobackhaven'ta perl39n inthes hop w hoseh onestycan be do or at a ll totheplac e, tho ugh tw o w indows did doubtedforamoment."i nto a hac k g r e 'en,: b ut t hese wer e alwa ys al]honestt illth ey 'ro fo undO llt", and o ne of them co uldn otbe op ened byth eunited I'laughiriglyr emarked."Well,i f tb ey're all s o good,strengtb: o{ twome n. The r e wusa lso h ut one fronthowarey ourobbed?W hoke epsthe k eys ? / d oo rt h atwhi ch1ha d see nlock ed byth e walkiN"JohnDavis . Of course h e i s above s uspicion, fo r anditwason t bnt door I tb t t ti ri(yinter e s 't w ds nowthe very; goodreason t h a t h e m ay h e a partnerb y ec oncenrrated.It chlLOced,.t .hat t her was .' aJilo niinfiryr amqui tec ertain.thatnoonec an g etstreet l amp not fa r f r om the' s hop d oor, l. nd somenearthe keyswhile hehas t hem. Ih avespoken toho uses n early o pposite, so.I. in socur him : about: that ;' and:I' feel s ure thath er akes goo din ga ro om from w hichIcould watch the" doorthe "'i' careofthem.No,Iam convinc edt hat t he th ing s w hole ni ght througb w ithoutm yself beingseen Io: day, a nti i t mu st b e d one n e arly s e t M 'Sweenyt o watch the b ack not,as I': .l eT e ryday."... he Bu, ag e sted. b ecause there wa s n o sh elter there.. but :.' ;. "B y' onei ofyour h onest hands, e h ?" rt1idIn o ( expect '3:nyon e to a ppear i n'1that :: .1";. ,: "1 don'tknow. ; th!1t t o t o fi nd a nt.d irection. : T hese were made .>:, The only p lari wouldbeforyOlltowatch th em i n Mr.L indaay, b nt so faI: asI knew t o .' no e lse. "": 8om eway;.;..:::..see ifth ey bnl ge ago od d ealw hen go iti g T he"asaisiant," howe ve r v.w hohad s erved w ee k todinner ; th!!-t) h9W the last pilferers w e r e d etected." illth e shop, a ssured me th at Q e felt c ertainthat the, ,' ideas p fd ete yting crim e ver e ev idw alk o r k Jlew p < : rfectly well what h e wa sthererfor, '.abc )ut .theplano f eatching f U ::;0 it i s p I :obah le t hatDav.is hadpartqf our 'little": salt,on itstaiL eo nv e rsation th et ,i me Ih ad be en 9alled in.The 'H av enotw atched for thatalready?" n ight w ithout a;lY have.", ..tgettingsoaked t p th os kin , yith rain. He als o'said : j 'A nd seeririo btllging ?"I t hat a flas ho f li gh t niug c ame neat:, al m ost to"None.Ofcourse in some ofthe girl s itwo uld b e lini '::;h hi m, h ut1 8Us;1ect it ha d b eenlo'i:Ily ... gl ,imps6hara'to' ; tell, for '''whatwithcrin olines and c higno lls ofhi s ow:nwhiskers.The se c9n dclear. : what,'they'are allbul ge to gether;buts till1 n nd though think-1: wouldhave detected it." With en ough waterpro ofg t ohaveshIelded an army, [. '. ,Vhen"'iftou failed 'it, would be a m ere wa steof th e y n eeded.Our lastedtirrie for m e to t r y thesa mepl an.IthinkIc onldbll ttwo bo urs,! sngge,s t"a, better, planthanth at.Yo u m ust engageT hepl ace clo seda t se veno'cl ock, 'andit, w as a rie wassistant-a y oung f ellow int he p olice 'forc e a li ttlea fterni ne wh en arespectablydressed w ho, was in the drapery lin e, as I was myself, yOllTlg boldly w alked up t o thedOQl',he join edtheforce. Vill that d o? "c a'l llll y i nserted a key,turned itinthelock and pass: :'''Qa pi tan Man, you'rea p erfect ge niu 's!"e d in side, l eaviugt hekeyinthe loclr'and the" door "TutsIdon'tcallme th M, tilll'md eadia ndth eni tself s lightly aj ar. Idon'tknowwhetherItumbl yClll' c a n s end roundthe, h a t t o build me a g ral;d e d o r s crambleddowntothe stx:eet, butIfeel cer _utin tombstone,andsaywhat.a s plendidf ellowI wa s, a nd t he di stance couldnotb e d one in less time byanyhowsorryyouarey oudidu't, t ren,t m e h etter w hile o ne.I h ad just r eached th e do or, andwasgivingoutyouhadmeIThat's th eorthodox course ." a whistle s ignal toM'Sweeny, wo en theyoung manH e gaveme a digi n th e ri Ls,a udlaughingly l ed appeared b eforeme ,be aring und er hi s arm a parcQI )

PAGE 10

TITTLE-TATTLEA BOUTTENNIS.It does not f olIuw thatafellowisthirsty.'becauseheis watching foraJrop QI1 theground.I .. Nor are wetoinferwheuhegoesinforvolleyingthat h e is a "biggun."" "Fortyto love"is afrequentmasculinewailon a .tenniscourt, but suchalcviuthan flirtation is never .imposedonthe' presumably conceitedcreature.verylargewinkfrom .M'Sweeny. -gave s tand thatthe same thoughthadoccurred: to t
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' 1" . 'MAY31,.'1'8901 : .:.:. . THE MADAGASOARNE:\ YS". J11. : ,. "". o'f:,_ ..':"... :...... . l\4ART 0;... & .. ,, ".' : ...... .. .' "'., " 8, I.,.. I ," :.' J. -'---. : . : .l: ..... .,.,WALLPAPER . j .... 'f":' 1 ..:: -(1 .. i : .J :ir:r' ,r L .:.'c...' WINDOW G-LASSPUTTY' ... ;,'GHEEl.r. DAMASK :.I I; ... \{ .I' ... '. ; '.. 1 . BROWN :KHATSrDRILLSERGES WHITE.. MANCHESTER S/fIRTINGS, )VARRANTED .r : .ABSOLUTELY PU 'RE '' FINISH "\(' .' .. .,... .. .' TT-lE. -t1I' r : ... . :. ,0 ,'.. REALLY S UITABLE0OOTTON .,',...... FOH, .:.,".'. > ".;-: .. FAMILY,USE, : : .,._ WH/TE. SUGAR O'FEXCEPTIONAL EXOELLENCECOLL/BON'S ...I :' CAPE' uxmv ALLED........ 0;. ASA .: il'.'. '. .. MEI)ICINAL : TONIOWHiTE BL'ANKETS BROWN" BOQ'l'S :, &SII OES .FORTHE " : J LADS, LASSIES,&LITTLERUGS...'TOTS. .. 1JI,. 1.0 ' ._< :"1()NTHE It()AD'." AUSTALIAN,FINESILKY DREl::lB.li:D FLOUR. 1 . 0 .L i REPEATING RIFLE, ',. ;" .1MEDIOINESFORMINERS,.AMONGSTWHICH'I'HE "LIVINGS'fONESRUOERS,"THEONLY FANOY: : rTESHIRTS,.:'.' ..... & ..:'.. ::,. : .SpITA13LE FOR . tU-DE SADDLE, "':JJINNErJJ'; PR.oVlSIOJ.VS, .&6. &c. ":' .' AV:;O OTHERG OODS,: -.: .L _. LIEARBLEFEVER SPEOIFIO.

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-(j' . 1'; I I I -.!t' .., '" r: .''.: ( ... -. t:,"), vc' ,' 1 ... \. 31,1890 f ' I-_ r, .' ":._ ..' 0 ." ..i ,c .. "i . ,. -_ .J', : ';.' s:, '(, ;_.... ; HEATLY E SQ... . ,.....'',.,.:: ;_MAjOR HEN H, y .. j3 EL VII,LE, C :r : B : ,. ;'i ',' . 1., "... .. r. ".0 .... "' 'i I .. i ) l t R 0: r,- 1 .\,".:Cap italFr. 60,OqO,oqo_ ; \ : ,so uscT i t : .. I t.... ,1 . 4 .. ........,,..,.)) I E;C. .. t ; , I : ", .L s '" ... :l J : ' :1':. ""I , .,.:. "j ,J I. ,.'.. r : r '_., '.: C {IRI STIAN .E s o. : ;' J 1' I, :,:.'i w.t, .I .. t l.'. t 1', ":t"lr : ", :-. ,. JTHEMADAGA'SOARNEWS,('j\ \ ,Il .j ., \ ...." t J . ;i ii,I ' \ ._r;' 1,l B. l' .' :,'" " "J '. 'l "d .. { .I. ,. ( I;. '' ,1 ; !l,' : H .. "\ '}. y J ;f . n .:' :"1;. t J .... . r,......SIR.', C .. q. G. ; M. G. ;,, ':--.\. : 1 .. J!' ,; .. 1 I 't .. ...\ 't' :1: : 1}r.r e .,;.: I .1 1, _'" r ; W ESQ. .. , -10 -(.ItIO;Ek .ft -, ESQ.d)'H J, ;.'1 ( /1',, \; ; 1; 1 ,' : : '. ,::-.Author.ise4 . . ..-q'2;000,000:' "S'l1:bsc1;ibed & Paid:AUp 'I, ......1\1 ; '-: ;( i .. : '. . J.x"I ,v :\'1" : : : \,1i : ..,1 I .) H.E.A.D O.FFICE1:\IJ o: : '. ....., ." f . c.., ... .S:r.REJ!lT,. E.C. :t f. .} l ......1 J I "., \ ,. J' i 1 , : M \ ''', ,'>'"j,Y f; '" ..: .. 01. : _q t 0 1 II .. ) ..'\ ( J" 1': THE 'liEW . i c-, ; :,,;1 1 .>Ill' s :f 1 ':ri. i 'I .0 ,, 1' J ,r F'JI' : \' t. 1 2. '. r 1 I J. Sec retaire:.:. "', ) ' ." ,JOHN P ATTEl